KOGGALA: Fascination we encounter in Martin Wickramasinghe’s books still lingers

July 14th, 2020

RAJA WAIDYASEKERA Tissamaharama special corr.Courtesy The Daily News

The Koggala township where reputed writer Martin Wickramasinghe was born, received its name due to an engraved picture of a crane on a rock. Hundreds of books, including the novels Gamperaliya and Madolduwa, written by Wickramasinghe were based on Koggala where his ancestral home is situated.

Martin Wickramasinghe was born on May 29, 1890, at village headman’s house which was then known as Ginpathaliye Opisara Gedara. Opisara is the Sinhala word for officer, a man respected by the villagers, who was appointed by the Government to keep law and order in the village. Wickramasinghe was not only a writer but also a literarian and a historian. He received his education at Buona Vista College, a Christian Missionary School in Galle, which is situated on a hillock close to the present cement factory at Katugoda in Galle.

The Koggala beach was one of his favourite places and he used to take a stroll at the beach of Koggala at dawn often.

The Koggala lagoon consists of small islands such as the Mangrove Island (Madol Duwa), Cinnamon Island and Kathduwa which enhance the scenic beauty of Koggala.

FOLK ART MUSEUM IN KOGGALA

The Folk Art Museum in Koggala (Jana Kauthukagaraya) which is situated in a seven-acre plot of land is close to the Koggala Air Force Base. The museum is established at the ancestral home of Martin Wickramasinghe.

In the museum, in addition to the room where he was born, his personal belongings such as the table clock, the wristwatch, clothes, shoes, writings, and gifts, certificates and honorary degrees received from various universities along with books and souvenirs are exhibited. Apart from these, historical and cultural items related to ancient rural livelihoods are also displayed at this museum. It houses the utensils and implements used by farmers, fisherfolk, weavers, physicians, teachers, and housewives. This place is a key attraction of students, intellectuals, literarians and historians.

KOGGALA EXPORT PROCESSING ZONE

Koggala town became more prominent due to the Koggala Export Processing Zone, the first of its kind in the southern region, established in a 225-acre plot of land. There are more than 14 factories which manufacture various products including garments, for both export and the local market.

Koggala is a self-contained township. The area is surrounded by many star class hotels, and is full of amenities required by the tourists who arrive at Koggala from different parts of the world.

KOGGALA AIR BASE

The Koggala Sri Lanka Air Force Base is situated in the heart of the township of Koggala. This was set up during the World War by the British colonial administration following evacuation of residents from the area.

This Base is now used by the Sri Lanka Air Force. The Matara–Colombo railway track runs along the Air Base. The Koggala town has been identified as a centre for air, sea and road travel.

The second town in the southern region which has such facilities is Hambantota where all three modes of transportation are available due to the seaport, airport, road and railway services.

MADOLDUWA IN KOGGALA

The boat ride to Madolduwa is extremely fascinating. A majority of travellers visit Madolduwa more than any other island in Koggala lagoon due to the reference made by veteran author Martin Wickramasinghe in the book Madolduwa, which was later turned into a movie.

DEVAGIRI VIHARAYA

Devagiri Viharaya situated in Koggala is also known as Hirugal Devalaya. There are an ancient Bo tree, inscriptions and large statues of Lord Buddha and it is one of the oldest Shrines in the area.

KOGGALA FOREST HERMITAGE

The Koggala Forest Hermitage is situated on the island of Kataluduwa in Koggala. It has all facilities required for meditation. 

Kandakadu fears baseless – Health DG

July 14th, 2020

Nadira Gunatilleke and LAHIRU FERNANDO Courtesy The Daily News

No danger of Second Wave:
Contact tracing successful:
Faster control than Navy cluster:

Rumours being spread that Covid-19 infected persons of the Kandakadu cluster have been reported from various parts of the island are baseless, Director General of Health Services Dr. Anil Jasinghe said yesterday.

He said that if an infected person is actually reported from anywhere in the country, it will be announced by the authorities without any delay.

Dr. Jasinghe was speaking to the media at the National Operation Centre for Prevention of COVID-19 Outbreak (NOCPCO) yesterday.

Only a person found positive through a PCR test is considered to be a Covid-19 infected person. Recalling the Kandakadu Rehabilitation Center staff from their residents or the Welikada Prison inmates does not mean they are already infected,” he stressed. According to Dr. Jasinghe, the identification of the infected and their close associates and the process of quarantine from the Kandakadu new cluster are successful. Therefore, there is no danger of the contagion spreading throughout the country as a second wave.

In fact, the Kandakadu COVID-19 cluster can be controlled quicker than the Navy cluster, Dr. Jasinghe said. According to Dr. Jasinghe, this latest COVID-19 cluster from Kandakadu will not drag on for months like the Navy cluster. The Kandakadu cluster can be controlled within a shorter period of time. More COVID-19 patients will appear in the next few days from this cluster from various areas,” he said.

Dr. Jasinghe pointed out quarantine is the best and most powerful weapon available at the moment in the world against COVID-19. Therefore, all required individuals need to be quarantined for 14 days at a quarantine centre and then for another 14 days at home.

Dr. Jasinghe stressed that any suspected COVID-19 persons can be released after the required full quarantine period at a quarantine centre and another 14 day quarantine period spent at home even without performing a PCR Test but there is no way of releasing any suspected COVID-19 infected person only with a negative PCR Test result.

All people and all state and private sector institutions should strictly follow all health guidelines and operational guidelines issued by the Government and the Health Ministry. The basic health guidelines are wearing a mask whenever going out from home, keeping at least one metre distance from another person all the time, washing hands with soap and water for 30 seconds often and using a hand sanitizer whenever soap and water is not available,” Dr. Jasinghe added.

Meanwhile, the NOCPCO Head, Acting Chief of Defence Staff and the Army Commander Lieutenant General Shavendra Silva said so far a total of 492 have been identified as Covid-19 positive from the Kandakadu cluster. Of them 429 are inmates, 47 are staff members and 16 are their close associates.

Twenty five Coronavirus-positive cases have been reported in the country yesterday, the Ministry of Health confirmed. Reportedly, the latest cases have been identified from the Treatment and Rehabilitation Centre in East Kandakadu. The new cases have brought the total number of COVID-19 cases in Sri Lanka to 2,631. As per the Epidemiology Unit of the Ministry, 639 active cases are under medical care at selected hospitals across the island. The count of recoveries in the country currently stands at 1,981 cases.

ISI using pro-Khalistan elements in Canada for terror acts in India, reveals a report:

July 14th, 2020

Courtesy The Hindustan Times

According to a report by the Canadian outlet Global News, a case relating to two Canadian Sikhs being placed on a no-fly list in the country has now been linked to an alleged Pakistan-based plot to use pro-Khalistan elements to conduct terrorist acts in India.

The details emerged as two men – Bhagat Singh Brar and his business partner Parvkar Singh Dulai – challenged being blocked from travelling by air. As per supporting case documents filed by Canadian security agencies, including Public Safety Canada, the Royal Canadian Mounted Police and Canadian Security Intelligence Service,

Brar was “promoting extremism, including the radicalisation of youth, with the aim of achieving Khalistan independence; and attack planning and facilitation, including weapons procurement, to conduct attacks in India”. 

මෙවර කාන්තා නියෝජනය වැඩි කිරීම කාන්තාවන්ගේ වගකීමක් – කැෆේ අධ්‍යක්ෂිකා සුරංගි ආරියවංශ මහත්මිය කියයි.

July 14th, 2020

මාධ්‍ය ඒකකය කැෆේ සංවිධානය

දේශපාලනයේ කාන්තා නියෝජනය තහවුරු කිරීම සෑම කාන්තාවකගේම වගකීමක් බව කැෆේ සංවිධානය  කියයි. එහි අධ්‍යක්ෂිකා සුරංගි ආරියවංශ මහත්මිය මේ බව සඳහන් කළේ  මැතිවරණ ක්‍රියාවලියේ දී කාන්තාව සතු වගකීම පිළිබඳ පැවති පුහුණු වැඩමුලුවකදීය. එහිදී වැඩිදුරටත් අදහස්  දැක්වූ ආරියවංශ මහත්මිය පෙන්වා දුන්නේ මෙවර අපේක්ෂක ලැයිස්තු සැකසීමේදී  සියලුම දේශපාලන පක්ෂ කාන්තා නියෝජනය සඳහා සැලකිය යුතු අවස්තාවක් වෙන්කර නැති බවයි. මේ නිසා මෙවර මැතිවරණය සඳහා තරඟ අපේක්ෂකයින් 7458 දෙනෙකු අතරින් කාන්තා නියෝජිතයින් සිටින්නේ 819 දෙනෙකු පමණක් බව ඇය ප්‍රකාශ කළා ය . මේ අනුව සියලු දේශපාලන පක්ෂ නායකයින් කාන්තාව පිළිබද දක්වා ඇති සැලකිල්ල මැනවින් පැහැදිලි වන බව ඇය පෙන්වා දුන්නාය .

මෙරට ප්‍රධාන දේශපාලන පක්ෂ සියල්ලේම  තීරක බලය පිරිමි පාර්ශවය වෙත පමණක් පවරාගෙන සිටින බව සදහන් කරන ආරියවංශ මහත්මිය පෙන්වා දුන්නේ මේ නිසාම වත්මන් දේශපාලන කරළිය තුළ කාන්තාවට සුදුසු තැන නොලැබී ඇති බවයි. මෙවර මැතිවරණය සඳහා නාම යෝජනා සැකසීමේදී සියලු දේශපාලන පක්ෂ නායකයින්ගෙන් විවෘත ඉල්ලීමක් කළ බව පෙන්වා දෙන ආරියවංශ මහත්මිය කියා සිටියේ අවසන් අපේක්ෂක ලැයිස්තු නිරීක්ෂණය කිරීමේදී එම ඉල්ලීම් සඳහා සාධනීය ප්‍රතිචාරයක් දක්වා නොමැති බව පැහැදිලි වන බවයි.

මේ නිසා මෙවර ඉදිරිපත් කර ඇති අපේක්ෂිකාවන්  819 දෙනාගෙන් සැලකිය යුතු ප්‍රමාණයක් පාර්ලිමේන්තුවට තෝරා පත් කර ගැනීමේ වගකීම මෙරට ඡන්දදායකයින්ගේන් බහුතරය වන කාන්තාවන්ගේ වගකීම බව ඇය මෙහිදී අවධාරණය කළේය. කාන්තා නියෝජනයට සැලකිය යුතු ඉඩක් අපේක්ෂක ලැයිස්තු වලින් ලබාදී නැතත්, අවස්ථාව ලබාදී ඇති කාන්තාවන් වත් පාර්ලිමේන්තුවට පත් කිරීම කෙරෙහි ඡන්ද බලය හිමි කාන්තාවන් අවධානය යොමු කළ යුතු බව ඇය කියා සිටියාය.

මාධ්‍ය ඒකකය කැෆේ සංවිධානය

Sri Lanka holds first wedding exhibition since COVID-19 outbreak

July 14th, 2020

by Tang Lu and Jamila Najmuddin Courtesy NewsIn.Asia

The “Wedding Boutique 2020” exhibition held in Colombo last weekend had many eye-catching and dazzling wedding products on display

Sri Lanka holds first wedding exhibition since COVID-19 outbreak
The picture shows a famous hairstylist Ramzi Rahaman and a mannequin in a bridal dress wearing an attractive face mask at Wedding Boutique 2020”. Photo: Tang Lu/Xinhua)

COLOMBO, July 12 (Xinhua) — Early Saturday, young Ranjani Gunatilake, who is planning her wedding in December, traveled to the Waters Edge resort in Sri Lanka’s capital Colombo to attend Wedding Boutique 2020,” the first wedding exhibition held in the country after a COVID-19 curfew was lifted.

She has been looking forward to the event since she saw the advertisement on social media a few days ago.

Ranjani is a client manager in a business process outsourcing company in Colombo. Her fiance, an IT professional, is currently stranded in Malaysia because of COVID-19 travel restrictions. My father passed away and my mom is not in good health. Therefore, only I could come to the wedding exhibition to customize my wedding plans and do my shopping,” Ranjani told Xinhua.

Fortunately for Ranjani, the pandemic situation in Sri Lanka is now stable and the government lifted the curfew last month and has gradually relaxed the restrictions on holding weddings.

Wedding ready: The customized packages offered are very attractive. Photo: Tang Lu/Xinhua

A wedding occupies a very important place in the social life of Sri Lankans. Holding a decent wedding is a top priority for a family. And preparing for a wedding is a major responsibility for the bride and groom’s families as many items need to be purchased.

There are only a small number of wedding companies in Sri Lanka that provide a one-stop-shop” service and many families head for them.

Professional advice given by expert wedding planners. Photo: Tang Lu/Xinhua

The Wedding Boutique 2020” exhibition held on Saturday and Sunday had many eye-catching and dazzling wedding products on display. There were also wedding planners, floral designers, makeup artists, hairstylists, professional tailors, jewelers, catering service providers, fancy cake makers, photographers, sound systems and lighting experts, among others.

Among the busiest at the wedding show were the creative designers who could provide comprehensive services and guidance for planning a wedding.

The wedding photographers’ counters were also surrounded by people. A young couple were seen holding an album as the photographer and salesman pointed to their ideal wedding picture.

Fancy vintage cars on hire for the bride and the groom to arrive and leave in style. Photo: Tang Lu/Xinhua

In front of the jewellery counter, the supplier tirelessly helped newcomers to choose their jewellery.

At a wedding hairstyle and beauty counter, there was a mannequin in a bridal dress wearing an attractive face mask.

This bridal mask was specially designed for the bride after the outbreak of the epidemic,” Sri Lanka’s famous hairstylist Ramzi Rahaman told reporters. I am very keen on designing masks. Masks have become a fashion statement,” he added.

There were some large screens at the exhibition showing colorful weddings in various styles. A manager who participated in the wedding boutique exhibition said that an Indian-style wedding in Sri Lanka would cost between 3 million and 6 million rupees (about 16,000 U.S. dollars to 32,300 dollars), while a grand Sri Lankan-style wedding will cost at least 2 million rupees (10,765 dollars).

The manager said that Indian-style weddings are ordered by rich Indians who come down from India with hundreds of guests. Sri Lankans, on the other hand, prefer their own local style, he added.

Wedding photographers display their albums. Photo: Tang Lu/Xinhua

Most stalls at the exhibition displayed attractive 25% discount signs. Ajantha Wijesundara, manager of Raja Jewelers, said customers who place an order at the exhibition will get a discount of 20 to 25%. But if the order is placed after the two-day exhibition, the discount will be reduced to 10% to 15%.

Because of this, locals who are interested in planning a wedding come prepared to pay up.

I will gather information today, go home and discuss with my fiance and mother, and maybe come to sign the contract tomorrow before the exhibition closes,” Ranjani said.

Indian Buddhist city Kushinagar now has an international airport

July 14th, 2020

Courtesy NewsIn.Asia

Considered one of the four main sacred places associated with Lord Buddha, Kushinagar in Uttar Pradesh is believed to be the site where the Buddha attained ‘parinirvana’.

Indian Buddhist city Kushinagar now has an international airport

Colombo, July 14 (newsin.asia): The Indian cabinet of India, chaired by the Prime Minister Narendra Modi, has granted approval to declare Kushinagar Airport in Uttar Pradesh as an International Airport.

Considered one of the four main sacred places associated with Lord Buddha, Kushinagar is believed to be the site where the Buddha attained ‘parinirvana’.

A colossal reclining statue of Lord Buddha from the 5th Century at the Mahaparinirvana Temple pays homage to this.

The Ramabhar Stupa, also known as the Mukutbandhan Chaitya is said to be the cremation place of Lord Buddha, and is located in the vicinity of the Mahaparinirvana Temple.

The Kushinagar district is also home to numerous other monasteries and Buddhist cultural sites. The decision to declare Kushinagar airport as an International airport, will provide Buddhist pilgrims, historians and cultural enthusiasts the opportunity to comfortably explore not only Kushinagar, but also other historically significant locations such as Lumbini, Kapilavastu and Sravasti, which are in close proximity, the Indian High Commission said in a press release on Wednesday.

Prez assures people protection from COVID-19 pandemic.

July 14th, 2020

Lahiru Pothmulla Courtesy The Daily Mirror

President Gotabaya Rajapaksa today assured that the people would be protected from the COVID-19 pandemic by mitigating the risk of the virus spreading in the country, until the pandemic is finally wiped out.

He said the government took successful measures in the wake of the virus outbreak long before many other governments.

According to the President’s Media Division, the President said this when the Task Force on COVID-19 met at the Presidential Secretariat to discuss the current COVID-19 situation in the wake of the positive cases found at the Kandakadu Rehabilitation Centre.

He recalled that there were objections from the residents when planning to set up quarantine centres at the beginning, and those who arrived from Italy and south Korea also objected to being sent to quarantine centres.

No matter what obstacle we face in the future, we will overcome the challenges and will not shy away from the responsibility of safeguarding the people,” the President said and added that the close associates of the patients found positive at the Kandakadu Rehabilitation Centre have been sent for quarantine.

The close associates and links extending up to four circles have been asked to undergo a period of self-quarantine. The government has made plans to overcome the future challenges in a manner similar to how it controlled the situation initially,” he said.

At the meeting, the President instructed the health officials to continue with the PCR tests to keep the spread of the virus at a minimum level and instructed that the number of PCR tests being conducted at Rajanganaya and other areas where positive cases were reported to be increased and to update the people on the action taken to control the situation and about the pandemic.

The PMD said it was also agreed to expand the programme to rehabilitate the drug addicts parallel to the programme of mitigating COVOD-19 pandemic.

The President also expressed his gratitude to all those involved in the battle against the pandemic.

Prime Minister Mahinda Rajapaksa, Health Minister Pavithra Wanniarachchi, President’s Secretary P.B.

Jayasundera, Chief Presidential Adviser Lalith Weeratunga, Prime Minister’s Secretary Gamini Senarath, Army Commander Shavendra Silva, Health Services Director General Dr. Anil Jasinghe and members of the COVID-19 Task Force and medical specialists also attended the meeting.

Heads of workplaces accountable for adherence to health guidelines – President

July 14th, 2020

Courtesy Adaderana

President Gotabaya Rajapaksa says that the heads of both government and private entities are accountable for adhering to health guidelines in their organizations in the wake of the current spike in COVID 19 cases.  

The COVID-19 virus is prone to spread among groups until adequate and satisfactory containment. Kandakadu Rehabilitation Center is an unfortunate example.” Hence, the President emphasized the necessity of continuing easily accessible tests related to clusters of people immediately. 

The President made these remarks during a discussion with the Presidential Task Force to established to combat COVID-19 in Sri Lanka, at the Presidential Secretariat today (14). 

Although day to day life has returned to normalcy, precautionary measures should not be relaxed as the risk of COVID 19 spread remains high, the President has said highlighting the importance of carrying out simple tests such as regular body temperature checks in Rehabilitation Centers, prisons, universities, schools and similar places.  

Wearing facemasks, washing hands, maintaining social distance are vital under this situation. If you suffer from fever and ailments related to throat, you should refrain from mingling with crowds. Simple practices like these would make a difference in combating COVID-19”, the President added.   

Prime Minister Mahinda Rajapaksa, Minister Pavithra Wanniarachchi, Secretary to the President P.B Jayasundera, Principal Advisor to the President Lalith Weeratunga, Secretary to the Prime Minister Gamini Senarath, members of the Presidential Task Force and several medical consultants were present.

Coronavirus: Total number of positive cases at 2,665

July 14th, 2020

Courtesy Adaderana

COVID-19 infections patients confirmed thus far in Sri Lanka increased to 2,665 today (14) following the detection of four more positive cases, the Ministry of Health said.

The latest cases include 01 contact of a patient detected from the Treatment and Rehabilitation Centre in Kandakadu, 01 arrival from Oman and 02 arrivals from the United Arab Emirates, according to the Department of Government Information.

Earlier today, 08 close contacts of patients linked to Kandakadu COVID-19 cluster tested positive for the virus. In addition, 04 inmates at the Rehabilitation Centre in Senapura were also confirmed coronavirus positive. Meanwhile, 03 virus-positive returnees from Oman also added up the total cases count.

Accordingly, 19 fresh cases of novel coronavirus have been confirmed so far within the day.

The Epidemiology Unit says 666 active COVID-19 cases are currently under medical care at several hospitals across the country.

Meanwhile, the number recoveries from the disease increased to 1,988 earlier today as seven patients were discharged from Infectious Disease Hospital (01), Iranawila Hospital (02) and Minuwangoda Base Hospital (04).

Sri Lanka witnessed a total of 11 deaths due to COVID-19 thus far.

Pavithra answers Ranil’s question (Video)

July 14th, 2020

Courtesy Hiru News

Health Minister Pavithra Wanniarachchi today answered a question raised by UNP leader Ranil Wickremesinghe regarding the use of foreign financial assistance received to curb the Covid 19 epidemic.

Meanwhile, Minister Pavithra Wanniarachchi responded to the allegations made by UNP leader Ranil Wickremesinghe on several occasions regarding the money received by the Ministry of Health from foreign countries for the Covid 19 pandemic.

Compete on the ground and get results – Ajith P. Perera challenges Ranil (Video)

July 14th, 2020

Courtesy Hiru News

Samagi Jana Balawegaya’s candidate Ajith P. Perera has stated that the competition is not with the United National Party but with the Podujana Peramuna.

He stated this at a press conference today and said that he would challenge the UNP leader Ranil Wickremesinghe to contest and get results.

Commissioner General of Rehabilitation Maj. Gen. (Retd) Dharshana Hettiarachchi: No danger to society from Kandakadu

July 14th, 2020

Camelia Nathaniel Courtesy The Daily News

Commissioner General of Rehabilitation Maj. Gen. (Retd) Dharshana Hettiarachchi

Sri Lanka managed to control the spread of the Covid-19 pandemic in the country very successfully from the start, in comparison to many countries in the world. Since March 30 there have not been any community cases reported in the country and the cases that were reported were all from quarantine centres and mainly those arriving in the country from overseas.

However, by last week, a new cluster that sprung from Kandakadu has so far identified a total of 519 new coronavirus cases, following the detection of an inmate who was transferred to the Welikada Prison from the Treatment and Rehabilitation Centre – East in Kandakadu, testing positive.

So far, 440 of these infections are inmates of the rehabilitation centre in Kandakadu as of last morning (14). Out of this cluster, 63 of the cases are staff members of the Kandakadu rehabilitation centre. Meanwhile, 16 other cases were identified from the Rajanganaya area as contacts of the virus-positive cases of the Kandakadu cluster.

Many questions have arisen with the new cluster emerging from Kandakadu as to why the inmates of this drug rehabilitation centre were not subjected to PCR tests and how the virus had crept in without being detected by health authorities.

In an exclusive interview with the Daily News the Commissioner General of Rehabilitation Maj. Gen. (Rtd) Dharshana Hettiarachchi spoke about the Kandakadu and Senapura Drug Rehabilitation Centres, how it all began, its current crisis and future plans. Gen. Hettiarachchi was the Commissioner General of Rehabilitation when the Bureau was first established. He later moved on and after his retirement, he was re-appointed as the Commissioner General of Rehabilitation in February this year.

Q: How and when did the drug rehabilitation programme commence?

A: In 2013, we completed the rehabilitation of the ex-LTTE combatants and converted these rehabilitation centres into centres for rehabilitation of drug addicts. Since we were able to conduct a successful rehabilitation programme for ex-combatants, the Defence Secretary at the time, who is the current President, Gotabaya Rajapaksa decided to make use of the same facilities to start a rehabilitation programme for drug addicts, as narcotics were becoming a real menace to society and the country as a whole.

Thereafter, the necessary legal framework was prepared to send drug addicts to the Kandakadu Rehabilitation Centre from the Welikada Prison through the courts. Accordingly, the necessary legal framework was drafted under the supervision of the National Dangerous Drugs Control Board. At Kandakadu, we do a six-month programme for these addicts consisting of a number of subjects in an attempt to break their drug addiction. After the initial six months, they are put through another six months of vocational training to arm them with the knowledge to engage in some trade once they leave the centre and go back into society.

Q: How did the Covid-19 virus enter Kandakadu?

A: As a practice, we have been getting all these people from the Prisons Department. But during the Covid-19 period, in the month of May, there was a special programme in and around Colombo to track down the drug addicts. Accordingly, the police arrested around 66 persons and they were sent to the Air Force Quarantine Centre in Mullaitivu and another centre in Galkanda in the Welikanda area. They wanted to send these drug addicts for rehabilitation, but we insisted that unless they go through the required quarantine process, we cannot take them in as it would put the health of the other inmates at risk. Accordingly, they went through the 14-day quarantine process and thereafter PCR tests were also done and they were sent to the rehabilitation centre.

Although the PCR tests were done, we suspect that there may have been one or two who probably still had the virus in them when they entered Kandakadu. Since the months of May and June we did not have any problem. There are almost 600 persons at this Kandakadu Rehab Centre.

Q: Why were these inmates not tested?

A: It has been a very common thing that sometimes some of these inmates develop a cough or cold or fever. If anyone is ill, we usually take them to the Polonnaruwa General Hospital and have them treated. In addition, there is a doctor from the Polonnaruwa Hospital who visits the rehabilitation centre daily to check on these inmates. No one had any special symptoms or showed signs of coronavirus.

However, one of the inmates had to be produced in court for a case and we handed him over to the Polonnaruwa Prison to be brought to Welikada for his court appearance.

Prior to sending him back to Kandakadu, he was tested and his PCR test was positive and that is when we discovered that he was infected and traced him back to Kandakadu and did the tests on the other inmates and found many others too who tested positive.

The issue is that none of these patients showed any symptoms or signs of being ill. The activities at Kandakadu went on as usual and whenever anyone had a cough, cold or fever, the doctor treats these persons and they recover. This was a routine practice and no one thought much about it. Only after this inmate tested positive did we test the others and discover that many more had contracted the virus.

The rehabilitation of drug addicts is a very challenging task and the staff members involved in this process serve with great commitment.

Some quarters are questioning us as to why these inmates were not tested. But in all fairness to the officers at these centres, there was nothing out of the ordinary that warranted such testing.

Cough or cold and slight fever is a common thing at these centres and prompt action had been taken to get medical treatment for them. As there is a doctor visiting the centre daily, there was no concern as we were certain that the doctor could detect if anyone had contracted the virus. Even those who had minor ailments were treated and recovered well. Even one of the officers who was infected had been treated for a mild fever and having recovered after around three days, he had even engaged in his usual physical fitness activities such as his routine jogging without any issue. So no one expected this situation.

Even those who have been moved to the special hospital on the other side after testing positive are leading a normal life and are not showing any symptoms of being ill. This is probably why it was not detected earlier.

However, I don’t think this will have a strong impact on society as the Army and security forces are doing a wonderful job under the directives of the Army Commander, and the military intelligence units have traced all the contacts who had come in contact with these patients and have sent them for treatment or quarantine. Their mechanism is very efficient and effective. The very next day that these people tested positive, the military intelligence managed to trace all their contacts and isolate them to prevent further infection.

Q: Can social distancing be implemented at these centres?

A: This is something special unlike any ordinary hospital. These are drug addicts who most often do not adhere to rules and regulations. Even the staff are specially trained to handle these inmates. Under such circumstances and given the number of inmates and the limited resources, it is impossible to adhere to the required social distancing regulations.

It is not possible practically. In a place where there are around 500 persons accommodated, it is not possible to get them to maintain distance, especially when bathing and so on. Constructing separate bathing and toilet facilities is not practically possible.

One must understand that this facility has been set up to cater to drug addicts and not people who can act rationally.

Q: Based on the location of these facilities, is there a danger of a community spread?

A: Kandakadu is an isolated place and there is little or no danger of it spreading. In fact, even the Kandakadu Quarantine Centre was established there due to its isolation from congested town areas. Within a radius of around four to five kilometres there is no residential area, so there is no possibility of other communities being at risk.

However, in Senapura there are several residential areas in proximity, but we have taken all possible measures to ensure that these communities are not affected.

We have also temporarily stopped the families of these inmates from visiting them at these centres until the infection has been brought under control.

Q: If the 66 drug addicts who were brought to the centre were subjected to quarantine, how do you think the infection got in?

A: We must conduct a thorough investigation into this matter to see how it happened. Although they were sent for quarantine and the PCR tests were conducted, I suspect that due to some technical error, one or two positive cases may have gone undetected. We cannot blame anyone as there is evidence that the virus could surface even after 21 days. Otherwise, there is no possibility at all, as we have only been getting persons from Welikada under court orders. So if it had come from Welikada, then there would have been more cases reported from Welikada. So the only thing we can suspect is that somehow the infection could have crept through one of the 66 who were sent here.

After three months, we only allowed parents to visit their children in July. But we strictly adhered to all the health guidelines and there is no possibility that the infection could have been brought in by any of the relatives.

Hence, I expect the health authorities will do a proper investigation to trace as to how the infection could have got through.

Q: What are the future plans for the Drug Rehabilitation Centres?

A: There is a huge human resource at these drug rehab centres and the majority of them are in the prime of their youth. So we thought why not make use of this resource for the betterment and development of this country and contribute to the country’s economy.

Accordingly, we had several rounds of discussions with the Foreign Employment Bureau and the agencies and they have agreed to find out what jobs are in great demand overseas and in the future we plan to tailor our vocational training courses to suit these requirements. If it is required, we are prepared to give them the needed language training as well. Our aim is to direct them in a productive manner as soon as they complete their rehabilitation, so that they don’t get back to the same circle of drug addicts and fall prey again to drug abuse.

We are in the process of acquiring around 1,000 acres of land from the Mahaweli Authority to initiate a coconut plantation. The Coconut Development Board has already agreed to give us the saplings and the Coconut Research Institute will do soil research and show us the suitable areas for this project.

We have also initiated discussions with the Cashew Corporation to commence a cashew cultivation using the inmates at these centres. The Corporation will assist by providing us with the seeds and the expertise.

Discussions have also been held with the Ayurveda Department and we also had a workshop for our officers to grow herbal plants. The country spends millions of rupees every year to import herbal medicinal plants from India. Hence, we intend to plant these medicinal plants in Sri Lanka under this project, depending on the suitability of the climatic conditions. The produce can be given to the Ayurveda Department.

We also have plans to commence a cement block manufacturing plant, where the cement blocks produced by us can be supplied to low-income families for their construction purposes at only the material cost. Our main aim is to use these drug addicts to contribute productively towards the country’s development without being a burden on the country.

President immune to judicial process – AG

July 14th, 2020

Lakmal Sooriyagoda Courtesy The Daily News

President’s Counsel Romesh de Silva appearing for President Gotabaya Rajapaksa informed Court of Appeal that summons issued by Jaffna Magistrate’s Court requiring President Gotabaya Rajapaksa to appear before Jaffna Magistrate’s Court as a witness in connection with the Habeas Corpus inquiry into the disappearance of two human rights activists Lalith and Kugan, cannot be maintained since he holds the post of President in the country.

Senior State Counsel Wasantha Perera appearing for the Attorney General informed that the President was immune to the judicial process in terms of Article 35 (1) of the Constitution.

 However, Counsel Nuwan Bopage appearing for the respondents informed the Court of Appeal that there is no constitutional barrier to summon the President as a witness in a fact finding inquiry.

Taking into consideration the facts, Court of Appeal President Justice A.H.M.D. Nawaz and Justice Sobhitha Rajakaruna ordered the parties to file their written submissions before August 26.

On September 24, 2019, Court of Appeal had issued an Interim Order staying summons requiring then presidential candidate Gotabaya Rajapaksa to appear before the Jaffna Magistrate’s Court on September 27, 2019. The Court of Appeal had made this order pursuant to a petition filed by Mr. Rajapaksa citing urgency and security reasons. The Court had issued this order in connection with the Habeas Corpus inquiry into the disappearance of two human rights activists, Lalith and Kugan, who went missing in December 2011 when President Gotabaya Rajapaksa was serving as the Defence Secretary.

In his petition, Rajapaksa stated that he received summons through Magistrate’s Court of Jaffna to attend and give evidence in connection with the Habeas Corpus inquiry. Human Rights and political activists Lalith Kumar Weeraraj and Kugan Muruganandan went missing on December 9, 2011.

The petitioner states that the petitioner in the capacity as the Defence Secretary facilitated logistical and strategic support to be obtained through the government to the forces during the war which eradicated the separatist outfit namely the LTTE who operated heavily in the Eastern and Northern parts of Sri Lanka.

The petitioner states that the said threats continue to loom time and time again including the most recent occurrence wherein investigations are underway to ascertain any treat to assassinate the petitioner and several other high-ranking members of the military and in the government.

President’s Counsel Romesh de Silva under the instructions of Counsel Sanath Wijewardena appeared for petitioner Gotabaya Rajapaksa. Senior State Counsel Wasantha Perera appeared for the Attorney General. Counsel Nuwan Bopage appeared for the respondents.

Sri Lanka’s Tamil National Alliance In Transition? – OpEd

July 14th, 2020

By  Courtesy Eurasia Review

The Tamil National Alliance (TNA) was formed in 2001. At its inception, it was an umbrella organization consisting of the Tamil United Liberation Front (TULF), the All Ceylon Tamil Congress (ACTC), the Tamil Eelam Liberation Organization (TELO), and the Eelam People’s Revolutionary Liberation Front (EPRLF). The organization was a Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) creation. Since it was an LTTE creation, the party supported the LTTE and took orders from the LTTE.   

Rewriting History 

In the recent past, there has been an attempt to detigerize the TNA. Some of the current leaders argue that the LTTE did not form the TNA. The process of detigerizing TNA is not universal. It targets the South and non-Tamil media. In the north, the party’s nexus with the LTTE is upheld because the Tiger connection is vital for harvesting votes. It is ludicrous to argue that the TNA was formed independently of the LTTE because nothing happened within the Tamil polity in this period without the LTTE approval. In this period, trying to be active and independent within the Tamil polity could cost one’s life. Even those who argue that the TNA was formed independently of the LTTE agree that it had cautious indirect backing” of the rebels.  

Long before the current leaders of the TNA started rewriting the history, an independent analyst pointed out that The TNA, founded in 2001 with the LTTE’s encouragement, was the ambiguous product of the Tigers’ anti-politics: a political formation with no real autonomy and no right to dissent, but used by the LTTE to claim popular support” (International Crisis Group 2012, p.6). In 2004, the party claimed that the LTTE was the sole representative of the Tamil people. In its 2004 parliamentary election manifesto, the party stated that accepting LTTE’s leadership as the national leadership of the Tamil Eelam Tamils and the Liberation Tigers as the sole and authentic representatives of the Tamil people, let us devote our full cooperation for the ideals of the Liberation Tigers’ struggle with honesty and steadfastness” (p.4). As I said, it is ludicrous to claim that the TNA was an independent entity its inception. The TNA members were rebels without arms.  

Transition: From Rebels to Partners 

After the LTTE was gone, the TNA became independent and making decisions without too many constraints. In 2015, the party supported Maithripala Sirisena for president and extended its tacit approval for the Yahapalana government. Some of my friends indicated that one of the top-tier leaders of the TNA worked behind the scene for the UNP campaign in 2015. During the Yahapalana government’s tenure in office, the United National Party survived at least two no-confidence motions with the TNA assistance. The TNA’s collaboration with the UNP was such that some commentators called the party a proxy of the UNP. 

One significant aspect of this collaboration was that the TNA did not try to become a part of the government by accepting ministries. The support was mostly unofficial and secretive. Why didn’t the TNA join the government? The TNA did not join the government in 2015 because the Tamil people were not there. They were mentally not ready to be part of a Colombo government. The TNA leaders feared that they would be called traitors if they join the government. It is imperative to note that the Eelam People’s Democratic Party (EPDP) leaders were often called traitors by the LTTE sympathizers due to their association with the Colombo government. This fear prevented the TNA from officially joining the government despite the deep desire among some TNA members to do so. This was one reason why Sumanthiaran became an almost” minister, not an actual one.

2020 Campaign

It was against this backdrop, a recent campaign speech by Sumanthiran becomes significant. On July 11, the Kalaikkathir newspaper reported a statement Sumanthiran made at Sembiyanpattru. According to Kalaikkathir, Sumanthiran has stated that I agree that we need to work toward development. We don’t know when we will get a political solution. In a democratic environment, one has to negotiate and patiently wait for a political solution. In this interim period, we need to improve our economic development.” Sumanthiran was indirectly suggesting that political solution is not feasible in the short run; hence the Tamils should worry about development,” which is reasonable, and it reflects the reality.

What he said next may be very significant, and it could mark a considerable transformation of Tamil politics. He said, even if we are to join the new government (after the election), we need strength to negotiate ministries, number of ministries, and the nature of power (of these ministries).” One, it indicates that the TNA is now ready to join the government as a partner. Two, the TNA, which hitherto asked Tamil people to vote for it to negotiate devolution of power and political autonomy, is now asking Tamil people to vote for them to negotiate ministries. In my view, this is a significant transformation. Sumanthiran argued that there had been a change within the Tamil community. He said, expectation of our people was to secure the political rights because we can handle development issues if we have political rights. Now we see a change in this trend.” One has to wait and see if there has been a change within the Tamil community or if Sumanthiran is projecting his deep desires on the Tamil people. 

The TNA or Sumanthiran joining a UNP-led government cannot be a big surprise. The chemistry between the two is excellent. But it is certain that the UNP or the Samagi Jana Balwegaya (SJB) will not win the August election. Is Sumanthiran talking about joining the SLPP government?   

What surprised me the most in this speech was that the TNA (or Sumanthiran) is willing to join even the SLPP government. This is new. Sumanthiran declared that this (the SLPP) government needs a two-thirds majority. But political analysts predict that they will not get a two-thirds majority. Against this backdrop, they might need our support. I have already indicated to them on what basis or condition we may join the government…In response, the government has responded with positive signals.”

This is big news. Are the government and the TNA already in negotiation, or is Sumanthiran taking Tamils for a ride? Any information on this from the government could be extremely valuable.

Nevertheless, Sumanthiran stated, nothing could be predicted now. We cannot just say that we are joining the government and accepting ministries…But I am not saying that we will not do that.” I am sure this is news for the Tamil people as well. It would be interesting to see if the TNA manifesto, which is expected sooner rather than later, will reference its plans to partner with the SLPP government. 

Sri Lanka suspends international airport’s reopening

July 14th, 2020

The reopening of Sri Lanka’s Colombo International Airport has been delayed indefinitely, after repatriation flights were suspended due to a spike in Covid-19 infections last week.

This marks the second postponement of the reopening of the country’s main international airport, after authorities announced last month that its initial August 1 reopening would be pushed to mid-August to focus on the repatriation of the tens of thousands of Sri Lankans stranded abroad.

Reopening of Colombo International Airport runs into second delay, as the country battles Covid-19

Over 300 Covid-19 cases were detected last Friday at a drug rehabilitation centre in Sri Lanka’s North Central province, prompting authorities to close schools for a week starting Monday (July 13) – just a week after selected classes were allowed to resume – while contact tracing is being conducted since some centre officials had gone home and may have infected others.

Repatriation flights operated by SriLankan Airlines will be suspended from Tuesday (July 14) as quarantine centres are running out of space after the surge in Covid-19 cases, many of whom are Sri Lankan returnees serving a mandatory 14-day quarantine at government-designated facilities.

Tourism and aviation minister Prasanna Ranatunga told reporters: We cannot give an exact date for the reopening of the airport. The top priority of the government is to contain the spread of Covid-19 and to repatriate Sri Lankans still stranded in various parts of the world.” The repatriation process will resume once the spike in new clusters is controlled, he added.

The government has said that the airport, closed to commercial traffic, will reopen only after all or most of the Sri Lankans stranded abroad have been brought back.

To date, nearly 15,000 stranded Lankans from 65 counties have returned, out of 50,000 citizens awaiting flights home, according to government figures. Sri Lanka has reported 2,617 Covid-19 cases as of July 13, with 1,981 recoveries and 11 deaths.

INDUSTRY CLASSIFICATION, INDUSTRY AUTHORITY, AND INDUSTRY POLICY DEVELOPMENT

July 13th, 2020

BY EDWARD THEOPHILUS

In the 1980s, I attempted to develop industry averages in Sri Lanka, and the purpose of my effort was to support credit policy development, which needed to successful credit management in a government bank, where I had been working. When I was talking about industry averages, bank executives, and the government authority had no clear understanding of it, and the unpleasant environment of the country at that time, and in the bank where I was working, I left the country. Recently, I read a statement issued by the governor of Central Bank, which was an issue related to the financial system of Sri Lanka. The statement of the Central Bank governor confirmed that Sri Lanka needs working lots for the development of many industries, services, and business for sustainable growth.

The concept of the industry has broadly expanded in Sri Lanka during the past several decades, and I observed that many issues related to the various industry are being discussed in news media, and such problems seem to be continued in the country without proper solutions.  When I was talking about the concept of industry standards with a higher level director of the Ministry of Industry, he admitted that my point was vital, but top people in the country have no understanding about the concept of the industry, the executive personnel of the ministry had an excellent understanding of my idea, and the executives of the Industrial Development Board and the Central Bank did not concern about the concept of the industry because they were self-centred, and they did not want to work on the idea I presented.

When the world has been rapidly transforming to the dynamic environment I noticed that Sri Lanka has relegated to higher risk in business activities, and I wrote to the president of Sri Lanka, Mrs. Chandrika Kumaranatunga was holding the office on this complication of industry concept and how it could be used to attract foreign investments to the country.  The operation of various parts of the financial system had a negative implication to Sri Lanka’s economy and policy personnel did not concern on the matter.

Colombo Stock Exchange also rapidly expanded at the beginning of the 21st century and the concept of the industry was valuable to attract and promote investments in the CSE, and to attract the confidence of international investors.  I mentioned this point in the letter addressed to the president. I saw in news reports some crooks were playing dishonest games in the Colombo Stock Exchange

I read a public statement of a person that Colombo Stock Market is an adorable place that supported him to purchase a piece of land from Colombo 7. Many people became rich short selling and misleading people.  Investors had difficulties to estimate investment returns of various industry and individual firms within an industry as averages of the industry with firms were not available in the country.   

 The lack of knowledge of industry classification, role of the industry authority, weak industry policy development negatively impacted the development and opportunities of CSE.  Nobody can underestimate the Asian crisis in the late 1990s and impact made on Asian currencies and stocks. Indonesia is still in the same mud pond without overcoming fundamental issues.

In this background, Sri Lanka needs an industry authority, which prepares industry average, industry regulation, and plays an ombudsman role. If it takes the financial system of Sri Lanka sub-system or markets such as insurance, non-bank finance companies, leasing institutions, Superannuation organizations, hire purchase companies and others are operating in the system.  The Central Bank of Sri Lanka cannot regulate the broader system and develop industry averages.         

The industry authority needs to perform a regulatory role and they need to meet quarterly and discuss issues.  The Central Bank of Sri Lanka cannot perform all activities and need to delegate the powers to sub-industry authorities and supervise the roles of industry authorities.

Mr. Gotabaya Rajapaksa as the president of Sri Lanka must order his advisors to perform this role.  If this work successfully effective in the country nearly one hundred graduates could be provided good jobs and there cannot be graduate unemployment in the country.

LSSP STRONGLY OPPOSES THE MCC, ACSA AND SOFA AGREEMENTS

July 13th, 2020

PROF.TISSA VITARANA

President Gotabhaya Rajapakse had requested the Cabinet of Ministers to submit their opinions on the Prof.Lalithasiri Gunaruwan Report on the Millennium Challenge Corporation (MCC) agreement with the USA. This has now been extended for a further two weeks. Though not a Cabinet Minister, but as the leader of the Lanka Sama Samaja Party (LSSP), which is a member of the Sri Lanka Freedom Podujana Alliance (SLFPA), I wish to express the opinion of the LSSP on this controversial proposal.   

The LSSP views the MCC agreement, and the two other related agreements (ACSA & SOFA), as totally opposed to the independence, sovereignty and territorial integrity of Sri Lanka and that the SLFPA Government should not sign any of them if it wishes to safeguard the real interest of Sri Lanka and its people.

The Sri Lanka Podujana Peramuna (SLPP) had correctly opposed the MCC agreement while in the Opposition as it would divide the country and have other ill effects. Accordingly the President had appointed the Gunaruwan Committee to submit a report. In this Report the Committee has pointed out the dangers of the MCC agreement to our sovereignty and territorial integrity and that it violates our Constitution and Laws. It also mentions the fact that the American company that would be preparing the digital register of all land holdings in the North and other areas would be able to get possession of a huge extent of land for foreign exploitation. The entire profits could be sent abroad. The Gunaruwan Committee is to be congratulated for producing a factual and comprehensive document which highlights the dangers to the country.

The passing reference in the Committee Report to the fact that they had come across some references to USD 10 million in some documents which needed to be looked into, was pounced upon by the US Embassy in Sri Lanka and by the USA’s political agent in Sri Lanka, UNP leader Ranil Wickremasinghe, to be used as a red herring to discredit the report. Whether this sum was paid or received in advance is irrelevant to the charges made by the Gunaruwan Report, which nevertheless retains it validity. There are several countries that have suffered badly as a result of MCC agreements. Some of these are also mentioned in the Gunaruwan Committee Report.

There was a report in the Daily News on 8th July 2020 of a study by a top accountancy firm Ernst & Young on the land and other subjects covered by the MCC agreement. The report adds that, beside the privately owned or cultivated land, a significance portion of the land comes under the purview and protection of the Department of Wildlife Conservation and the Department of Forestry of Sri Lanka”. In this connection, another news report says that 500,000 hectares (28% of the total forest land in the Island) is being considered for privatization in the North.

It must be mentioned that there is a report of an investigation into the activities of Ernst & Young done in 2016 that describes how Ernst & Young, and three other major accountancy firms, had been used by the EU and IMF to use the economic crisis to impose privatization of state owned assets on indebted countries in Europe, despite mass resistance. They made huge profits and were also able to acquire vast wealth by under-valuing assets and reselling them. The promised revenue to the indebted states was not realized. The wages and working conditions of the recruited staff was at reduced rates, thereby increasing income inequality in those countries.

Therefore the SLFPA Government should not under any circumstances sign the MCC agreement. As this agreement has the unusual requirement that some of the conditions have to be implemented prior to signing the agreement, it would appear that these conditions are already being implemented. These should all be stopped and reversed forthwith in the interest of our country and our people.

ACSA and SOFA agreements

The above agreements are military agreements that are thrust on our countries by the USA. The Acquisition and Cross Services Agreement (ACSA) is an agreement which allows American troops coming from outside to make use of our airports, harbours and military facilities and also engage in joint maneuvers with the Sri Lankan forces. They can also engage in bilateral and multilateral military exercises. 

The Status of Forces Agreements (SOFA) has been signed periodically with over 80 countries throughout the world by the USA. These can vary from country to country and from time to time. In response to a question asked by the Mahanayaka of the Malwatte Chapter on 24th May 2019, referring to the ongoing discussion between the UNP and USA Governments on the SOFA agreement, the US Ambassador to Sri Lanka, Ms.Teplitz, stated that it was to allow US forces to tour the country and to conduct combined security operations”. But in fact an unlimited number of US troops will be allowed to enter Sri Lanka wearing uniform with guns in hand and accompanied by heavy armaments at any time they wish to come. They will be given all diplomatic privileges and whatever they bring cannot be examined by Sri Lankan officials. They have to be given access to enter any institution or premises that they desire to enter at any time. If they commit any crime they cannot be tried by Sri Lankan Courts, but only by Courts in the USA. They are not liable to pay any taxes or duty on anything they import or export. The American troops will be free to move to any part of the country, at any time without prior permission.

With our small armed forces Sri Lanka will not be able to get rid of the US troops if they wish to stay on in the country. The USA can make Sri Lanka a military base and the whole country a colony. If we agree to these terms we shall loose our independence, sovereignty and territorial integrity.

Thus, it is extremely worrying when Cabinet spokesman, Minister Bandula Gunawardene, is reported to have stated at a media briefing, while denying signing the MCC agreement, that the Government has entered into ACSA and SOFA agreements with the US Government. The situation is made more disturbing when newspapers report that Basil Rajapakse allegedly mentioned that if this has been stated by Bandula Gunawardene then it could be correct. I earnestly request the President and the Prime Minister to make a categorical statement denying the above newspaper reports if they are not true, and to reassure the people that the Government has no intension of signing or implementing the MCC, ACSA and SOFA agreements.  

නොබෙල් සාහිත්‍ය ත්‍යාගය දිනූ ප්‍රථම ජපන් ජාතික ලේඛකයා – යසුනාරි කවබත

July 13th, 2020

වෛද්‍ය රුවන් එම් ජයතුංග 

ජපන් නවකතාකරුවෙකු හා කෙටිකතා රචකයෙකු වන යසුනාරි  කවබත  නොබෙල් සාහිත්‍ය ත්‍යාගය දිනූ ප්‍රථම ජපන් ජාතික ලේඛකයා විය. ඔහු 20 වන සියවසේ ජපානයේ සාහිත්‍ය-නූතනවාදී ව්‍යාපාරයේ නායකයෙකි.  ඔහුගේ කෘති පැරණි ජපානයේ සුන්දරත්වය නූතනවාදී ප්‍රවණතා සමඟ ඒකාබද්ධ වූ අතර ඔහුගේ ගද්‍ය යථාර්ථවාදී දර්ශන සමඟ මුසු විය. ඔහු සිය ලේඛන ක්‍රමය ජපානයේ සාම්ප්‍රදායික කාව්‍යයන් වන හයිකු සමඟ සමාන්තරගත කළේය. ඔහුගේ කෘති පුළුල් ජාත්‍යන්තර ආකර්ෂණයක් ලබා ඇත.  

ජපානයේ ඔසාකාහි  1899 දී උපත ලැබූ යසුනාරිට වයස අවුරුදු 3 දී ඔහුගේ පියා මිය ගියේය. ඊළඟ අවුරුද්දේ ඔහුගේ මව මිය ගිය අතර පසුව ඔහුව හදා වඩා ගන්නා ලද්දේ ඔහුගේ මිත්තනිය සහ සීයා විසිනි. 1915 දී තම සීයා අහිමි වීමෙන් පසු යසුනාරි මධ්‍යම පාසල් නේවාසිකාගාරයකට ගියේය.  ඔහුගේ මුල් ළමාවිය කම්පනය හා වියෝවෙන් සලකුණු විය. පසුකාලීන ජීවිතයේ කතුවරයා තමා “නිවසක් හෝ පවුලක් නොමැති” දරුවෙකු ලෙස විස්තර කළේය. සමහර විචාරකයින්ගේ මතය වන්නේ මෙම මුල් කම්පන ඔහුගේ වියෝග කාංසාව පිළිබඳ හැඟීම සඳහා පසුබිම සකස් කරන බවයි.  

1920 සිට 1924 දක්වා කවබත ටෝකියෝ ඉම්පීරියල් විශ්ව විද්‍යාලයේ අධ්‍යාපනය ලැබුවේය. ඔහු 1924 දී විශ්ව විද්‍යාලයෙන් උපාධිය ලබා ගත්තේය. තරුණ කවබත  රබීන්ද්‍රනාත් තාගෝර්ගේ කෘතිවලට කැමැත්තක් දැක්වීය. ඉංග්‍රීසි භාෂාවේ ප්‍රවීණයෙකු වූ ඔහු  ජේම්ස් ජොයිස්ගේ යුලිසෙස් නවකතාව කියවූ අතර ජේම්ස් ජොයිස් ඔහුගේ ප්‍රියතම ලේඛකයෙකු විය.  කවබත යුරෝපීය ඇවන්ගාඩ් සාහිත්‍යය කෙරෙහි උනන්දුවක් දැක්වීය. ටෝකියෝ විශ්ව විද්‍යාලයේ ඉගෙනුම ලබමින් සිටියදී ඔහු ෂින්-ෂිචේ නමින් සාහිත්‍ය සඟරාවක් ආරම්භ කළ අතර ඔහුගේ පළමු කෙටිකතාව වන  Shokonsai Ikkei ” (යකුසුනි උත්සවයෙන් දර්ශනයක්) ප්‍රකාශයට පත් කළේය. 

කවබත ජීවත් වූයේ ජපන් සාහිත්‍යයේ අධිරාජ්‍යවාදී කාල පරිච්ඡේදය තුළ ය. එම කාලයේදී ලේඛකයන්ට ලිවීමට යම් නිදහසක් ලැබුණි. ප්‍රබන්ධ ලේඛකයෙකු  වූ ඔහු මාධ්‍යවේදියෙකු  ලෙස ටෝකියෝහි මයිනිචි ෂිම්බන් පුවත්පතේ කටයුතු කලේය. ඔහුගේ “Snow Country”  (1937 ) නවකතාව ඉතා ජනප්‍රිය විය. එය බටහිර ජපානයේ පාළු සුන්දරත්වය මධ්‍යයේ නාස්තික වූ ප්‍රේමයේ ප්‍රබල කතාවකි. “Snow Country”  කාව්‍යමය වශයෙන් ජනනය කරන ලද දර්ශන මාලාවකින් සමන්විත වෙයි. සොබාදහම සහ භූ දර්ශනය පොතේ චරිත මෙන් ම සංකීර්ණ කොටසක් වන අතර හිම කඳු මුදුන් සහිත කඳුකර භූමි ප්‍රදේශය අජීවී චරිතය බවට පත්වේ. කතාව ආරම්භ වන්නේ   ජපානයේ බටහිර වෙරළ තීරයේ නීගාටා පළාතේ  නිවාඩු නිකේතනයකට යන  ෂිමාමුරා නම් මිනිසෙකු පිලිබඳ තොරතුරු අනාවෘත කිරීමෙනි. ෂිමාමුරා යනු ටෝකියෝවේ ධනවත් මුද්‍රා නාට්‍ය විචාරකයෙකි. තම ජීවිතයට තවත් අර්ථයක් ගෙන ඒම සඳහා ෂිමාමුරා කඳුකර නිකේතනයට ගොස් ඇත. 

නවකතාවේ ප්‍රධාන චරිතය වන ෂිමාමුරා සහ කොමාකෝ යන ගීෂාව අතර ප්‍රේම සම්බන්ධයක් ඇති වෙයි. එය ගීෂා සම්ප්‍රදායට පටහැණිය. ගීෂා හි සාම්ප්‍රදායික කාර්යභාරය වන්නේ චිත්තවේගීය ආතුලිත වීමකින් තොරව මිනිසෙකුගේ අවශ්‍යතා සපුරාලීමයි. සම්ප්‍රදායට අනුව තම ආගන්තුකයා සමඟ බැරෑරුම්, දීර්ඝ ප්‍රේම සම්බන්ධයක් ගීෂා බලාපොරොත්තු නොවිය යුතුය. එහෙත් ඔවුන් ගේ සම්බන්ධතාවය සංකීර්ණ වන අතර ෂිමමුරාට හැඟෙන්නේ ඇය ඔහු සමඟ ගැඹුරින් සම්බන්ධ වී ඇති බවයි. කොමාකෝ  ගීෂාව , ෂිමාමුරා සමඟ ආදරයෙන් බැඳී සිටින්නීය. ෂිමාමුරා ජීවත් වන්නේ මනංකල්පිත ලෝකයක බව පෙනේ. කොමාකෝ සමඟ වර්ධනය වෙමින් පවතින සම්බන්ධතාවයට මුළුමනින්ම කැපවීමට ඔහුට නොහැකිය. ජීවිතය සමඟ පූර්ණ ලෙස සම්බන්ධ වීමට ඇති ඔහු තුල තිබෙන අකමැත්ත ඔහුගේ නොගැඹුරු සම්බන්ධතාවයෙන් පෙන්වයි.  තවද කොමාකෝ සහ ෂිමාමුරා අතර ඇති වූ චිත්තවේගීය ගැටුම ඔවුන් ගේ සබඳතාව ආකුල කර දමයි.

ඔහුගේ පශ්චාත් යුධ සමයේ වැදගත්ම කෘති දෙක වන්නේ Thousand Cranes (දොඹකර දහසක්) සහ Sound of the Mountain (කඳුකරයේ නාදය) වෙයි.  Thousand Cranes නවකතාව සාහිත්‍ය සඳහා නොබෙල් ත්‍යාගය යසුනාරි කවබටාට පිරිනැමීමේදී නොබෙල් කමිටුව විසින් උපුටා දක්වන ලද නවකතා තුනෙන් එකකි.  දොඹකර දහසක් යනු ගැඹුරු සංකේතවාදයේ හැඟීමක් ගෙන දෙන  කෘතියකි. දොඹකර දහසක් දෙවන ලෝක යුද්ධයෙන් පසු ජපන් සමාජයේ ප්‍රචණ්ඩකාරී සංක්‍රාන්තියක නිරූපණය කරයි. 

දෙවන ලෝක යුද සමයේදී ජපන් මිලිටරි බලය කෙරෙහි යසුනාරි කවබතට විශ්වාසයක් නොවීය. ඔහු ජපන් මිලිටරිවාදය මෙන්ම ජපන් හමුදාව විසින් සිදු කල ක්‍රෑරකම් පිළිබඳව දැන සිටියේය. ජපානයේ පරාජය මෙන්ම පරමාණු බෝම්බ විසින් සිදු කල විනාශය ඔහු දුටුවේය. දෙවන ලෝක සංග්‍රාමයත් සමඟ ඇති වූ මිලිටරිවාදී උද්යෝගයට ඔහු සහභාගී වීම ප්‍රතික්ෂේප කළද, පසුව ජපානයේ දේශපාලන ප්‍රතිසංස්කරණ ගැන ද ඔහු තුළ පැහැදීමක් නොවීය. දෙවන ලෝක යුද්ධ සමයේදී යුද්ධයේදී මියගිය ලේඛකයින්ගේ කෘති ප්‍රකාශයට පත් කිරීමට ඔහු කටයුතු කළේය. යසුනාරි  කවබත ගේ යුද්ධයට පෙර කෘතිවල චරිත ජපන් සම්ප්‍රදාය නූතනත්වයේ කම්පනයෙන් රැකවරණයක් ලෙස සලකන නමුත් එය මිත්‍යාවක් පමණක් බව ඔහු ඉක්මනින් වටහා ගනී. යුද්ධයෙන් පසු  යසුනාරි කවබත සම්ප්‍රදායට සහයෝගය දක්වන්නේ සමාජයේ පරිහානිය වඩා හොඳින් පෙන්වීමට පමණි.  ඔහුගේ පශ්චාත් යුධ කෘතීන් වන “සවුන්ඩ් ඔෆ් ද මවුන්ටන්, දොඹකර දහසක් සහ “මාස්ටර් ඔෆ් ගෝ ”  නූතනත්වයේ බලවේග නිසා පුද්ගලයෙකු එදිනෙදා ජීවිතයේදී කම්පනයට මුහුණ දිය යුතු බව පෙන්වා දෙයි.

Thousand Cranes (දොඹකර දහසක් – ජපන් විශ්වාසයක් හා භාවිතයක් වන්නේ ඔරිගාමි කඩදාසිවලින් සෑදූ දොඹකර දහසක් නැමූ රෝගී පුද්ගලයෙකුට ඉක්මනින් සුවය ලැබෙනු ඇත යන්නයි )  මෙම නවකතාව එය දෙවන ලෝක යුද්ධයෙන් පසු ජපන් සංස්කෘතිය පිළිබඳ අවබෝධයක් ලබා දෙයි. එසේම  අතීතය සහ වර්තමානය අතර ඇති කඹ ඇදීම ඉස්මතු කරයි. මෙම නවකතාවේ  විසිපස් හැවිරිදි වියේ පසුවන කිකුජි මිතානි ප්‍රධාන චරිතය වන අතර ඔහුගේ දෙමාපියන් මිය ගොස් ඇත. ඔහුගේ දෙමව්පියන්ගේ මරණයෙන් පසු සාම්ප්‍රදායික තේ උත්සවයකට සහභාගී වෙමින් සිටියදී, කිකුජිට තම පියාගේ හිටපු අනියම් බිරිඳ වන ඔටා මහත්මිය මුණගැසෙයි. සාම්ප්‍රදායික තේ උත්සවය කිකුජිගේ ළමා කාලය පිළිබඳ  මතකය අවදි කරන බැවින් මෙම භෞතික ගමන ඉතා ඉක්මනින් අධ්‍යාත්මික ගමනක් බවට පත්වේ. කිකුජි තේ භාජන භාවිතා කරන විට, ඔහුගේ පියා පිළිබඳ සිතුවිලි ඔහු වෙත පැමිණේ. කිකුජිට තම පියාගේ හිටපු අනියම් බිරිඳ වන ඔටා මහත්මිය පිළිබඳව ළමා කාලයේ මතකයන් තිබේ. මුලදී කිකුජි ඔටා මහත්මියගේ අශෝභන ස්වභාවය ගැන තැතිගෙන සිටියත්  පසුව ඔවුන් රාගයෙන් බැඳෙති.  කිකුජි ගේ මර්දනය කරන ලද ආශාව ඔහුගේ පියාගේ මරණයෙන් පසු නිදහස් වේ. ඔහු තම ආශාව යථාර්ථයක් බවට පත් කරන්නේ මවකගේ  (ඔටා මහත්මිය ගේ)  පෙම්වතා බවට පත්වීමෙනි. 

ඔහු තම පියාගේ අනියම් බිරිඳ වන ඔටා මහත්මිය සමඟ සමීප සම්බන්ධතාවයක් ගොඩනඟා ගෙන තිබේ. ව්‍යභිචාරය තහනම් කරන පියා සහ සංස්කෘතික පීඩනය කිකුජිගේ දෙමව්පියන් ජීවත්ව සිටියදී ඔහුගේ ආශාව මැඩපවත්වයි. කෙසේ වෙතත්, ඔහුගේ දෙමව්පියන්ගේ මරණයත් සමඟ ඔහුගේ ආශාව පහව යන්නේ නැත. ඔටා මහත්මිය ඔහුගේ අභ්‍යන්තර ආශාව ප්‍රකාශ කිරීමට සුදුසුම චරිතයක් බවට පත්ව ඇත. ඔටා මහත්මිය සමඟ කිකුජිගේ සමීප සම්බන්ධතාවය ඔහුගේ මර්දනය කරන ලද ඊඩිපාල් මානසිකත්වයේ මුදා හැරීමකි. පියා සහ පුතා ඇත්ත වශයෙන්ම එකම මවගේ රූපයේ ආදරය සඳහා අරගල කරති. ඇයට කිකුජි සමඟ රුධිරයෙන් කිසිදු සම්බන්ධයක් නැත. එහෙත්, ඇගේ මාතෘ ගුණාංගය නිසා ඇය මවක චරිතයක් ලෙස සැලකිය හැකිය. දැන් කිකුජිගේ දෙමව්පියන් අභාවප්‍රාප්ත වී ඇති හෙයින්, ඔහුගේ ආශාව පරීක්ෂා කිරීමට කිසිවෙකු නැත. ඔහුගේ ආශාව ඔටා මහත්මිය වෙනුවෙන් ප්‍රකාශ වේ. ඇය ඔහුගේ ආශාවේ පරමාදර්ශී වස්තුවකි. ඔටා මහත්මිය මෙන්, කිකුජිට අතීතය සහ මළවුන් අමතක කළ නොහැක. මෙම මතකය ජීවතුන් හා මළවුන් අතර සම්බන්ධයක් ඇති කළද, එය මානසික අවපීඩනය ජනනය කරයි. 

ඔටා මහත්මිය ඔහුගේ මියගිය පියාගේ අනියම් බිරිඳ පමණක් නොව දියණියක සිටින මවකි. ඇගේ දියණිය කිකුජිගේ  වයසේය. තම පියාගේ පෙම්වතිය සමඟ ලිංගිකව හැසිරීමෙන්  කිකුජි භීතියට හා ලැජ්ජාවට පත් වුවද, ඔහුට ඇයගේ ආකර්‍ෂණය ප්‍රතික්‍ෂේප කළ නොහැක. කිකුජි තම මියගිය පියාගේ අනියම් බිරිඳ වෙත ආකර්‍ෂණය වූ නමුත් පසුව ඔහුගේ  ආශාවන් ඔටා මහත්මියගේ දියණිය ෆුමිකෝ වෙත යොමු වෙයි.  ඇයගේ දියණිය හමුවීම ඔහුගේ අභ්‍යන්තර අරගලයේ ආරම්භය සංකේතවත් කරයි.  ඔටා මහත්මියට  ඇගේ පෙම්වතා අහිමි වීමේ කම්පනය සහ ඔහුගේ පුතා සමඟ ඇයගේ වර්තමාන සම්බන්ධය පිළිබඳ ලැජ්ජාව ඇයට සියදිවි නසා ගැනීමට හේතු  කාරකයන් වන අතර ඔටා මහත්මියගේ සිය දිවි නසා ගැනීම කිකුජිව සසල කරවයි.  වරදකාරී බව සහ ලැජ්ජාව ඔටා මහත්මිය බිඳ දමන අතර ඇය දිවි නසා ගත්තාය. ඔටා මහත්මිය සියදිවි නසා ගත් විට,  ඇයගේ මරණයට තමන් වග කිය යුතු බව කිකුජි සිතයි. මේ නිසා කිකුජි මානසික පීඩාවට පත් වෙයි. 

කතාවේ ප්‍රධාන චරිතය වන කිකුජිට ඔහුගේ අවිනිශ්චිත ස්වභාවය සහ ඉරණම නිසා තමාගේම මාර්ගයක් තෝරා ගැනීමට නොහැකි වේ. ඔහු වටා කාන්තාවන් විශාල ප්‍රමාණයක් සිටින අතර ඔහු ඔවුන්ගේ බාහිර සුන්දරත්වය පමණක් දැක ඔවුන් කෙරෙහි ආකර්‍ෂණය වෙයි.  අශෝභන සුන්දරත්වය සහ ආරෝපිත ලිංගිකත්වය නවකතාව පුරා දැකිය හැකිය. ලිංගික  ඊර්‍ෂ්‍යාව , ආකර්‍ෂණය  සහ මරණය මෙහි ප්‍රධාන තේමාවන් වෙති. සාම්ප්‍රදායික උරුමය ගැන උනන්දුවක් නොදක්වන ජපානයේ නව පරම්පරාව  මෙම කතාවේ ප්‍රධාන චරිතය වන කිකුජි මිතානි හරහා නියෝජනය වෙයි.  ඔහු ජීවත් වන්නේ සම්ප්‍රදායික ජපන් හා බටහිර ගැති කොටස් ආධිපත්‍යය සඳහා සටන් කරන මංසන්ධියේ ය. බටහිර නූතනත්වය වැලඳ ගැනීමේදී කිකුජි මිතානි ජපන් සම්ප්‍රදායන් ප්‍රතික්ෂේප කරන අතරම ඒ අතරම අතීතයේ පැවති චාරිත්‍ර වාරිත්‍ර නැතිවීම ගැන ආකූල වෙයි.  නවකතාවේ ප්‍රධාන චරිත අතීතය නැවත ලබා ගැනීමට හා ඔවුන්ට අහිමි වූ දේ නැවත ලබා ගැනීමට උත්සහ දරති. 

ඔහුගේ The Sound of the Mountain  (1954) පවුල් අර්බුදයක් සම්බන්ධිත කථාංග මාලාවක නිරූපණය කරයි. මෙම නවකතාව කමකුරා හි ඔගාටා පවුල මත කේන්ද්‍රගත වන අතර එහි සිදුවීම් ටෝකියෝ හි සේවය කරන විශ්‍රාම යාමට ආසන්න ව්‍යාපාරිකයෙකු වන ෂින්ගෝ ඔගාටා නම් වයස්ගත පුද්ගලයා පිලිබඳව තොරතුරු කියයි.  නවකතාවෙන් ගවේෂණය කරන්නේ ප්‍රේමයේ වෙනස්වන භූමිකාවන් සහ වයසට යාමේදී මිනිසුන් මුහුණ දෙන සත්‍යයයි. ප්‍රධාන චරිතය වන ෂින්ගෝ මානව සබඳතා හා සොබාදහමේ සාම්ප්‍රදායික ජපන් වටිනාකම් නියෝජනය කරයි. ඔහු තම දරුවන් දෙදෙනාගේ විවාහ අර්බුද ගැන සැලකිලිමත් වේ. ෂින්ගෝ ගේ එදිනෙදා ජීවිතයේ දර්ශන සොබාදහම, සිහින හා මතකයන් පිළිබඳ කාව්‍යමය විස්තර සමඟ බැඳී ඇත. 

ෂින්ගෝ ඔගාටා, ඔහුගේ ජීවිත තේරීම් බොහොමයක් ප්‍රශ්න කිරීමට පටන් ගනී. තම පුතාගේ සහ දියණියගේ අක්‍රිය විවාහයන් ගැන ෂින්ගෝ තමාටම දොස් පවරා ගන්නා අතර, ඔහු අතීතයේ සිදු වූ වැරදි නැවත නොකිරීමට පුතාට අනතුරු අඟවයි. ෂින්ගෝගේ  සිහින ජීවිතය විකෘති වී ඇත. මහලු වියේ අවාසනාවන්ත තත්වය ෂින්ගෝගේ ජීවිතය හරහා කතුවරයා පෙන්වා දෙයි. මිනිස් ජීවිතයක් ක්‍රමයෙන් පටු වීම නවකතාවේ තේමාව වෙයි. දෙවන ලෝක සංග්‍රාමයෙන් පසුව ඇති වූ මහා කම්පනයේ බලපෑම නවකතාව ඔස්සේ කතුවරයා පෙන්වා දෙයි.  

ඔහුගේ හොඳම කෘතිය වන  The Master of Go (1951) පැරණි ශූරයකු සහ තරුණ අභියෝගකරුවෙකු අතර පැවති තරඟයක් පිළිබඳ විස්තරයකි. Go යනු චෙස්  වැනි උපාය මාර්ගික ක්‍රීඩාවකි. එය  ක්‍රීඩකයන් දෙදෙනෙකු සහභාගී වන  පුවරු ක්‍රීඩාවක් වන අතර එහි ඉලක්කය වන්නේ ප්‍රතිවාදියාට වඩා වැඩි භූමි ප්‍රමාණයක් වට කර ගැනීමයි. මෙම ක්‍රීඩාව මීට වසර 2500 කට පෙර චීනයේ සොයා ගන්නා ලද අතර එය අද දක්වා අඛණ්ඩව ක්‍රීඩා කරන පැරණිතම පුවරු ක්‍රීඩාව යැයි විශ්වාස කෙරේ. බොහෝ විචාරකයින් මෙම කෘතිය ජපන් සංස්කෘතිය හා දෙවන ලෝක යුද්ධය පිළිබඳ  කවබත ගේ  විවරණය ලෙස සලකති. පැරණි ක්‍රීඩකයා සහ ඔහුගේ තරුණ අභියෝගිකයා අතර අරගලයේ ආවේනික තේමාවන් තිබේ. එය පැරණි සම්ප්‍රදායන් සහ නව ප්‍රායෝගිකවාදය අතර ආතතිය පිළිබිඹු කරයි. එඩ්වඩ් සයිඩන්ස්ටිකර් The Master of Go  හි   තේමාව දෙවන ලෝක සංග්‍රාමයේදී ජපානය පරාජය වීම සංකේතාත්මක සමාන්තරයක් ලෙස සලකයි. The Master of Go නවකතාව අධිරාජ්‍ය ජපානයේ වෙනස් කළ නොහැකි සම්ප්‍රදායන් විසිවන සියවසේ ප්‍රහාරයට මුහුණ දුන් මොහොත ග්‍රහණය කර ගනියි. 

ඔහුගේ තවත් අනගි නවකතාවක් වනThe Lake (1954) හි  ප්‍රධාන චරිතය වන ගිම්පෙයි පළමු ලෝක යුද්ධයේදී සොල්දාදුවෙකු ලෙස දිවි ගලවා ගෙන පසුව පාසල් ගුරුවරයෙකු බවට පත් වූ පුද්ගලයෙකි. ගිම්පෙයි ඔහුගේ අවාසනාවන්ත ළමා කාලය පිලිබඳ තැවෙමින් නව යොවුන් වියේ ගැහැනු ළමයෙකු පසුපස හඹා යයි. ඔහු තම සිසුවියක  වන හිසාකෝ නම් දැරියක් සමඟ රහසිගත සම්බන්ධතාවයක් පවත්වා ඇති බව ඔහුගේ උසස් නිලධාරීන් දැනගත් විට ඔහුගේ තනතුර අහිමි වේ. ඔහු සේවයෙන් පහ කිරීමෙන් පසු ගිම්පෙයි දරිද්‍රතාවයට ඇද වැටෙන අතර මානසික ව්‍යාකූලත්වයක් පෙන්වයි. ගිම්පෙයි තරුණ පෙම්වතුන් කෙරෙහි ඊර්‍ෂ්‍යාවෙන් හා වෛරයෙන්  යුතුව  කාන්තාවන් තුළ තරුණ සුන්දරත්වයේ පරිපූර්ණත්වය සෙවීමට යයි.  ගිම්පෙයිට සැබෑ මානව මිත්‍රත්වයට අවස්ථාවක් ලැබුනද ඔහු එයින් බැහැර වෙයි. ඔහු තමා ගැනම හෙළා දකින උමතු සහ හුදකලා චරිතයකි.  අලංකාරය හා භීෂණය සමස්ත නවකතාවේම සංකේතය ලෙස පහසුවෙන් දැක්විය හැක.  ගිම්පෙයි දොස්තයෙව්ස්කිගේ භූගත මිනිසා සිහිගන්වයි.

ඔහුගේ The House of the Sleeping Beauties (1961) යනු ගණිකා නිවාසයක් ගැන වන අතර හුදකලා මහළු මිනිසෙකු වන එගුචිගේ කතාව පාඨකයාට ඉදිරිපත් කරයි. හුදකලා පුද්ගලයෙකුගේ මනසෙහි කාමුක මනංකල්පිතය සහ යථාර්ථය අතර අන්තර් ක්‍රියාකාරිත්වය ගවේෂණය කරන මෙම නවකතාව අශුභවාදය , තනිකම සහ හුදකලාව පිළිබඳ ගැඹුරු හැඟීම් සමග  සම්බන්ධ වෙයි. ධනවත් මහලු පිරිමින් සුන්දර තරුණියන් අසල නිදා ගැනීමට මුදල් වියදම් කරති. වයස අවුරුදු හැට හතක් වන එගුචි බොහෝ කාන්තාවන් සමඟ ජීවිත කාලය පුරාම පුළුල් ලිංගික අත්දැකීම් ලබා ඇති මිනිසෙකි. ඔහු තරුණියකගේ නිරුවත් සිරුර අසල නිදා ගැනීමට දිගින් දිගටම ආශා කරයි. එහෙත් ඔහු කාන්තාවන් කෙරෙහි දැඩි කලකිරීමට පත්ව ඇත. මහළු වූවද ඔහු ලිංගිකත්වයේ සැප අත්හැරියේ නැත. ඔහුට ස්ත්‍රීන් සමඟ ගනුදෙනු කළ හැක්කේ රාගයේ ගාමක බලයෙන් තොරව, සහ ඔවුන්ව තමන් ආසන්නයේ රඳවා තබා ගැනීමෙන් පමණි. 

මෙම නවකතාව එගුචි ගේ මහලු වියේ නිර්දය ගමන් මාර්ගය පිළිබිඹු කරයි.  කතුවරයා කාමුකත්වය, අතීත ස්මරණය , මහලු වයස, මරණය යන තේමා ගවේශනය කරයි. නවකතාවේ එන තවත් එක් චරිතයක් වන මහළු කෙගා, එගුචිට පාපොච්චාරණය කරන්නේ තරුණියක  අසල නිදා සිටියදී තමා ජීවතුන් අතර සිටින බවය. එය ඔවුන්ට මරණය අමතක කරවයි. “ඔබ සමඟ  සයනයේ පියකරු  නිරුවත් තරුණියක් සිටින විට අවසානය ගැන සිතිය හැක්කේ කාටද? කියා එගුචි අසයි. මෙම ආශාව එක්තරා ආකාරයකින් මරණය පිලිබඳ කාංසාව විතැන් කිරීමකි. ඔවුන්ට නින්ද යනු රාජ්‍යයන් දෙක අතර අමුතු අතරමැදි අවධියකි. එගුචි ගේ සිතුවිලි මානුෂීය හා අමානුෂික පරිසරයන් අතර ඇති සියුම් රේඛාව බිඳ දමයි. මහල්ලන් ජීවිතයේ අවසානය සහ ජරාව නිරූපණය කරන අතර තරුණියෝ සුන්දරත්වය හා ජීවිතය නියෝජනය කරති. මෙම නවකතාව මගින් කවබත අවධාරණය කරන්නේ පැවැත්මේ ලෝකය සමඟ පුද්ගලයෙකුගේ සම්බන්ධතාවය උද්දීපනය කිරීමට මිනිස් මනසට ඇති හැකියාවයි. තවද මානව සබඳතා සහ ජීවිතය කෙරෙහි ගැඹුරු අශුභවාදී ආකල්ප නවකතාව පුරා රැව් දෙයි.  ගේබ්‍රියෙල් ගාර්ෂියා මාකේස්  තමන් ගේ නවකතාවක් වන  Memories of My Melancholy Whores සඳහා තේමාව ලබා ගන්නේ කවබත ගේ මෙම නවකතාව අනුසාරයෙනි. 

“Dandelions”  යනු කවබත ගේ අවසාන නවකතාව වන අතර එහි කවබත ආශාවේ නොගැලපීම ගවේෂණය කරයි. නවකතාව ආරම්භයේදීම “සත්‍යය, යහපත් හා අලංකාරය සොයන කලාකරුවෙකුට  යක්‍ෂයාගේ ලෝකය නොමැතිව බුදුන්ගේ ලෝකයක් තිබිය නොහැකි බව පවසයි. මෙම නවකතාවේ කවබත ගවේෂණය කරන්නේ ආශාවේ අනිත්‍යතාවය පිලිබඳවය. මෙම නවකතාවේදී ඔහු  Somagnosia නම් රෝගය ගැන පවසයි.  ඉනෙකෝ තරුණිය ‘සොමාග්නෝසියා’ නම්   රෝගයෙන් පීඩා විඳින්නීය. ඇය මනෝ චිකිත්සක රෝහලක් වන ඉකුටා සායනයේ ප්‍රතිකාර ලබන්නීය. මෙම Somagnosia රෝගයේදී රෝගියාට  පෙනීම නැති වී යයි.  ‘සෝමග්නෝසියාව’ ප්‍රබන්ධ රෝගයක් ලෙස දැක්වේ. මෙම  Somagnosia තත්වය අන් අය සමඟ සම්බන්ධ වීමට ඇති හැකියාව කෙරෙහි බලපායි.  එසේම මනෝ චිකිත්සක රෝහලක් වන ඉකුටා සායනය පිලිබඳව කරුණු කතුවරයා අනාවරණය කරයි. එහි කිසිදු ප්‍රතිකාරයක්  රෝගීන්ට ගැලපෙන්නේ නැත. 

කතුවරයා ඉනෙකෝගේ ළමා කාලය, ඇගේ රෝගයේ ආරම්භය සහ ඉරණම පිළිබඳ   තොරතුරු පවසයි.  කුඩා දැරියක් ලෙස ඉනෙකෝ කම්පනයට පත්ව තිබුණාය. ඇයගේ පියා ප්‍රවීණ යුද අශ්වාරෝහකයකු වූ අතර, ජපානය යටත් වූ විගසම ඔහු දැඩි කම්පනයට පත්විය. ඔහු සිය දිවි නසා ගත්තේය. පියාගේ මරණය ඇයගේ සිත තුල හොල්මන් කරන්නට විය. ඇය කෑගසමින් ඇස් වසා ගන්නා විට ඇගේ පියා සහ ඔහුගේ අශ්වයා එම උස් කඳු මුදුනේ සිට මුහුදට ඇද වැටෙමින් තිබුණි. පියාගේ මරණය ඇයගේ පීඩාවේ මුල බව නිසැක ය. ඇයගේ ආයතනිකකරණය යම් ආකාරයක මරණයක් සේ දැනේ. කුනෝට ඉනෙකෝ සමඟ විවාහ වීමට අවශ්‍ය වන අතර, ඔහු  ඇයගේ අසනීප තත්වය පාලනය කළ හැකි යැයි විශ්වාස කරයි. සංකල්පයක් ලෙස අන්ධභාවය කවාබාටාගේ නවකතාවේ කේන්ද්‍රීය වන අතර එහිදී සෑම චරිතයක්ම යම් දෙයකට අන්ධ වේ. මතකයන්, පරිකල්පනය, චිත්තවේගයන් සහ දර්ශනය සියල්ල එකිනෙකට සම්බන්ධ වන්නේ කෙසේද යන්න නවකතාව විමසා බලයි. 

යසුනාරි  කවබත යනු අනන්‍යතාවය, ලිංගිකත්වය, අධ්‍යාත්මිකභාවය, වයස්ගත වීම, මරණය වැනි විෂයයන් නිරන්තරයෙන් ගවේෂණය කළ ලේඛකයෙකි. ජපන් ගීතමය සම්ප්‍රදාය , බෞද්ධ හා ෂින්ටෝ චින්තනය සහ සංකේතවාදය යසුනාරි කවබතගේ කෘති සඳහා තේමාවන් ලබා දී ඇත. ඔහු බොහෝ විට මරණය පිළිබඳ ගැටලුව හෝ ජීවිතයේ තනිකම පිළිබඳව කතා කරයි. ඔහුගේ කෘතිවලට සෙන් බුද්ධාගමේ චින්තනයන් ද අඩංගු වෙයි.  

ඔහුගේ ප්‍රධාන චරිත වන්නේ හුදෙකලා පුද්ගලයන් වන අතර  ඔවුන් අවට ලෝකය ගැන නිරීක්‍ෂණ සිදු කරති.  ඔහුගේ චරිත ප්‍රතිවිරෝධතා සමග ජීවත් වේ. කවබත ලිංගිකත්වය, මරණය සහ ශූන්‍යවාදී චරිත සමඟ මිශ්‍ර වූ සාම්ප්‍රදායික ජපන් සංස්කෘතිය නිරූපණය කරන සුවිශේෂී ලේඛන ශෛලියක් වර්ධනය  කලේය.  එය එක්තරා ආකාරයකට මංමුලා සහගත ඛේදවාචකයන්ගෙන් පිරුණු ‘සාහිත්‍ය ප්‍රබන්ධ විශේෂයකි.  යසුනාරි  කවබත ගේ බොහෝ කෘති තුළින් ඔහුගේ ජීවිතයේ දුරස්ථභාවය පිළිබඳ හැඟීම නිරූපණය කෙරේ. ඔහුගේ චරිත ඔවුන් වටා තාප්ප ගොඩනඟා ඇති අතර එනිසා ඔවුන් හුදකලාව අත් විඳිති.   

කවබත ජපන් සෞන්දර්යය පිළිබඳවද ලිවීය. කවබත ගේ නවකතා තුල ජපානයේ සෞන්දර්‍යාත්මක සම්ප්‍රදාය පිළිබඳ ගැඹුරු විස්තර අඩංගු වෙයි.  එසේම  ඔහු ජපන් මනෝභාවයේ අඳුරු පාර්ශවය හෙළි කලේය. ඔහු  හැඟීම්බර ලේඛකයෙකු වූ අතර නිරූපණ හා මනෝභාවය ප්‍රකාශ කිරීමේ දක්ෂයෙකු විය. ඇතැම් විට සාහිත්‍යය තුළින් ජපන් සංස්කෘතිය ආරක්‍ෂා කිරීමේ ඔහුගේ අභිප්‍රාය ඔහුගේ නවකතා මගින් පිළිබිඹු වෙයි. ඔහුගේ ලේඛන ජපානයේ විචිත්‍රවත් හා ශෝකජනක සුන්දරත්වය හා අධ්‍යාත්මය ග්‍රහණය කර ගනියි. 

යසුනාරි  කවබත 1972 දී මිය ගිය අතර එය සියදිවි නසා ගැනීමක් බවටද සැකයක් තිබේ. ඔහු නූතනවාදී යුරෝපීය හා සම්භාව්‍ය ජපන් ආභාෂයන් දෙකම දක්‍ෂ ලෙස භාවිතා කලේය. ජපාන සාහිත්‍යය ඉංග්‍රීසි හා වෙනත් බටහිර භාෂාවලට පරිවර්තනය කිරීම සඳහා ඔහු ගාමක බලවේගයක්ද විය.

Works Cited

Kawabata, Yasunari. The Master of Go. 1951. Translated by Edward Seidensticker. 1972. Random House. 

Print, D.(1984). Dawn to the West: Japanese Literature in the Modern Era. New York: Holt. 

මෛත්‍රිපාල සිරිසේනගේ චන්ද ලක්ෂ 14ට මොකද වුනේ?

July 13th, 2020

චන්ද්‍රසේන පණ්ඩිතගේ

මෙරට චන්ද බලය උරුමව ඇත්තේ මෙරට ජනතාවටය. එය පුද්ගලයින් සතු ප්‍රබල ධන නිධානයකි. නමුත් මෙරට දේශපාලකයින් සිතාගෙන ඉන්නේ, ඒ ඒ චන්ද තමන්ට උරුම චන්ද ලෙසයි. මේ මිත්‍යාව මත පිහිටා බොහෝ නායකයින් ඒ  චන්ද පදනම පෙන්වා තමන්ට උරුම නැති වරදාන ලබා ගැනීම සෑම විටකදීම සිදුකරන පහත් දේශපාලන ක්‍රියාදාමයකි. ශ්‍රී ලංකා නිදහස් පක්ෂයද මෙවර පොහොට්ටුවට රිංගා ගත්තේ ඒ පහත් ක්‍රියාදාමය උපයෝගි කරගෙනය..ඔවුන් සැබෑ ලෙසම භුමියේ ඔවුනට නැති බලයක් පෙන්වා, ප්‍රබල දේශපාලන නායකයින් මුලා කොට පොහොට්ටුවට රිංගා ගත් පිරිසකි.

මේ ක්‍රියාවලිය කොතරම් ප්‍රබලද යත්, වසර ගණනාවක් පුරා මහින්ද රාජපක්ෂ රජයේ, ප්‍රබල ඇමතිවරයෙක්ව සිට ජාත්‍යන්තර කුමන්ත්‍රණකරුවෙක් බවට පත්ව, මහින්ද රාජපක්ෂයන්ව පරාජය කිරීමේ ප්‍රබලම ආයුධය බවට පත්වී, එතුමාව පරාජය කර, පරාජයෙන් පසු එතුමාට නිත්‍යානුකුලව උරුම විය යුතු නිල නිවසද ලබා නොදී, වෙනත් ව්‍යාපාරිකයෙකුගෙන් ලබා ගැනීමට එතුමා සැලසුම් කල නිවස්නයද ලබාදීමට එරෙහිව කටයුතු කල, එතුමාට හා එතුමාගේ පරම්පරාවට එලව එළවා පහර දුන්, එතුමාගේ දරුවන්ද සිරගත කල, මොනම හේතුවකටවත් අලුත් පක්ෂයක් හදන්න එතුමාට ඉඩ නොතබන බවට පාරම් බෑ, මෛත්‍රිපාල සිරිසේනව පාවඩ මත පොදු ජන එක්සත් පෙරමුණට ඇතුළුවීමට වරම් ලැබුනේ එතුමා හා එතුමාගේ ගෝලබාලයින් විසින් තොරොම්බල්  කල මේ ලක්ෂ 14 රේ චන්ද පදනමයි

මොකක්ද මේ 14 ලක්ෂයේ මෙතරම් බලවත් චන්ද පදනම? අපි පළමුව ඒ සම්බන්ධව සොයා බලමු.වර්ෂ 2018 ප්‍රාදේශීය සභා මැතිවරණයේදී ශ්‍රී ලංකා නිදහස් පක්ෂයට  චන්ද 1,497,234ක් ලැබුණි. මේ ය හිතන්නේ මේ චන්ද ඒ අයගේ පෞද්ගලික බුදලයක් කියාය. ඒ සිතුවිල්ලම චන්දදායකයාට කරන අවමානයකි. නමුත් ඔවුනට කාට කුමන ආකාරයේ විනයක් වුවද කම් නැත. අවශ්‍යවන්නේ බලයි. එබැවින් ඔවුන් අඛණ්ඩව තමන්ගේ ලක්ෂ 14රේ බලය සම්බන්ධව මහා හඬක් දෙමින් සිටි.

සත්‍ය වශයෙන්ම ඔවුනට මේ කියන චන්ද තියෙනවානම්, පසුගිය ජනාධිපතිවරණයේදී ඒ ලක්ෂ 14 ගෝඨාභය රාජපක්ෂ මහතාගේ චන්ද ගොඩට වැටී තිබිය යුතුය. එය එසේ සිදුවී ඇද්දැයි අපි බලමු.

1.2015 ජනාධිපතිවරණයේදී ලියා පදිංචි චන්දදායකයින් ගණන 15,044,490කි.

2. මෛත්‍රිපාල සිරිසේන මහතා ලබාගත් චන්ද  = UNP  + JVP +TNA +MC = 6,217,162 කි.

දැන් අපි 2019 ජනාධිපතිවරණයේදී සිදුව ඇත්තේ කුමක්දැයි බලමු.

1a  2019 ජනාධිපතිවරණය සඳහා ලියාපදිංචි චන්දදායකයින්ගේ ගණන 15,992,096ක්.

මේ දත්තයන්ට අනුව,

A අලුත් චන්දදායකයින්  947,606කි.
B. ගියවර මෛත්‍රිපාල සිරිසේන මහතා ගත චන්ද  6,217,162කි.
C .මෙවර සජිත් ප්‍රේමදාස +අනුර කුමාර දිසානායකයේ චන්ද එකතුව  5,983,792කි.

මේ දත්තයන් 3 දෙස බැලුවිට අපිට අමුතුම ච්ත්‍රයක් මැවී  පෙනේ.

D මෙරට මෛත්‍රිපාල  සිරිසේනයන්ට උරුමව ඇත්තේ චන්ද B -C =234,370ක් පමණක් බවයි. එනම් ශ්‍රී ලංකා නිදහස් පක්ෂයට උරුමව ඇත්තේ,චන්ද 234,370ක් පමණ බවයි.

දැන් අපි උප කල්පනය කරමු මේ චන්ද 234,370 මෙවර ගෝඨාභය රාජපක්ෂ මහතාගේ චන්ද සංඛ්‍යාවට එකතුවුවායයි කියා.

E . මෙවර ගෝඨාභය රාජපක්ෂ මහතාට ලැබුන චන්ද සංඛ්‍යාව 6,924,255ක්.

ඒ අනුව මෛත්‍රිපාල සිරිසේනගේ චන්ද 234,370 නොලැබුණා නම්,ගෝඨාභය රාජපක්ෂයන්ට උරුමවෙන චන්ද සංඛ්‍යාව
= E -D = 6,689,885 වේ.

වැදගත්ම කරුණ වන්නේ, අලුතින් ලියා පදිංචි චන්ද  947,606කි.හා ප්‍රාදේශීය සභා මැතිවරණයට සාපෙක්ෂාව ජනතා විමුක්ති පෙරමුණේ අඩුවූ චන්ද  292,379 යන චන්ද වලට  සිදුවුනේ කුමක්ද යන පැනයයි. මේ දෙකරුණ අපිට පෙන්වන්නේ, ශ්‍රී ලංකා නිදහස් පක්ෂය කියන ආයතනයේ එකද චන්දයක්වත් ගෝඨාභය රාජපක්ෂ මහතාට ලැබී නැති බව පැහැදිලිය. වයසක ඩේසි  ආච්චි නමින් හැදින්වූ කාන්තාවට පවා වදදුන්, රාජපක්ෂ පවුල රටින් අතුගා දැමීමට සුදානම්වූ උන්ගෙන් ජන්දයක් බලාපොරෝත්තුවිමම මහා විහිළු දේශපාලනික ක්‍රියාවලියකි.

දැන් ජනතාවට වාරය පැමිණ ඇත. ඔබලා සෑම සිදුවීමක්ම පෙලගසා බලන්න. ඔබගේ සිත්ගත් පුද්ගලයාට චන්දය දෙන්න. ඔබ චන්දය දෙන පුද්ගලයා තුලින් පෙන්නුම් කරන්නේ ඔබ කුමන වර්ගයේ චරිතයක්ද යන්නයි.

මාතෘභූමියට ජයවේවා! 

යක්ෂයෙකු පෝෂණය කර ඌටම ගොදුරු වූ දෙමළ දේශපාලකයින්ගේ ඛෙදවාචකය -නිවැසියන්ගේ සංග්‍රහ විඳ එහි සිටියවුන් මරා දමති

July 13th, 2020

ජානක පෙරේරා විසිනි

 කොටි ත්‍රස්තවාදීන් හිටපු විරුද්ධ පක්ෂ නායකයකු මෙන්ම දෙමළ එක්සත් පෙරමුණේ නායක සහ  ජාතික ලැයිස්තු මන්ත්‍රීවරයකු වූ අප්පාපිල්ලේ අමිර්තලිංගම් ඇතුළු පිරිසක් ඝාතනය කර ජුලි 13 දාට තිස් එක් වසරක් සපිරුනි.   සිංහල පොලිස් නිලධාරියෙකුගේ වීරත්වය ලොවට පෙන්වූ එම සිද්ධියේ ඉතාමත්ම සවිස්තර වාර්තාව පළමු වරට සැපයුවේ  ප්රවීන ඉංග්රීසි මාධ්යවේදියෙකු වන ඩී. බී. එස්ජෙයරාජ්ය.  (ඉන්දියන් සාම හමුදාව සහ කොටි සංවිධානය අතර සටන් පැවති  සමයේදී ආරක්ෂාව පතා පිටරට ගිය ජෙයරාජ්ට කැනඩාවේදී කොටි ක්රියාකාරිකයන් පහරදී බරපතල තුවාල සිදු කලහ. ඔහු එරටදී පලකල මධ්යස්ත දෙමළ පුවත්පතක් නිසාවෙනි).

මේ ඝාතනවල සම්පූර්ණ විස්තරය සහ පසුබිම මීට වඩා  බොහෝ දීර්ඝ නමුත් මෙය එහි සංක්ෂිප්තයකි.   

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  1987-1990 භීෂණ සමයයි. එවකට පැවති එක්සත් ජාතික පක්ෂ රජය ඇතුළු සන්නද්ධ කල්ලි සහ ජනතා විමුක්ති පෙරමුණේ සන්නද්ධ අංශය වූදේශප්රේමී ජනතා ව්යාපාරය එකිනෙකාට විරුද්ධව දකුණේ  තරඟයට මිනී මරමින් සිටියහ. ඉන්දීය සාම සාධක හමුදාව සහ කොටි ත්රස්තවාදීන් එකිනෙකාට විරුද්ධව සටන් වැද සිටියේ උතුරේ සහ නැගෙනහිරයි

 දිනය 1989 ජුලි 13දාය. එදින සවස 6.40 කොටි සංවිධානයේ සාමාජිකයන් තිදෙනෙක් කලින් කතාකරගත් සාකච්ඡාවක් සඳහා බව කියමින් කොළඹ බෞද්ධාලෝක මාවතේ අංක 342/2 දරණ අමිර්තලිංගම් මහතාගේ  දෙමහල්  නිවසට කුලී රියකින් පැමිණියහ.  ඔවුන් නම් රාසයියා හෙවත් විසු, පීට ලියොන් ඇලෝසියස් හෙවත් විග්නා සහ සිවකුමාර් හෙවත් අරිවූ .    නිවසේ සිටි අයගේ ආරක්ෂාව පිණිස මහවැලි අමාත්යාංශයේ ආරක්ෂක නිලධාරීන් සය දෙනෙක් සහ පොලිස් නිලධාරීන් කිහිප දෙනෙක් එම නිවස පිටත රැකවලෙහි යෙදී සිටියහ.   අමිර්තලිංගම් මහතා සහ ඔහුගේ බිරිය වූ මන්ගයියාර්ක්කරසි අමතරව යාපනේ හිටපු පාරිමේන්තු මන්ත්රී වෙට්ටිවේලු යෝගෙස්වරන්, ඔහුගේ බිරිය සරෝජිනී සහ හිටපු පාර්ලිමේන්තු නියෝජ් කතානායකවරයෙකු  සහ පසුව දෙමළ එක්සත් පෙරමුණේ නායකත්වයට පත් මුරුගේසු සිවසිත්තම්පරම් සහ මාවයි සේනාතිරාජාද එදා එම නිවසේ සිටියහ. මේ දිනවලම කොටි සංවිධානයේ දේශපාලන අංශ නායක නරේන්ද්රන් හෙවත් යෝගි සහ ඔවුන්ගේ න්යායාචාර්ය ඇන්ටන් බාලසිංහම් ඇතුළු කොටි නියෝජිත පිරිසක් ජනපති ප්රේමදාස රජය සමග  කොළඹදී සාකච්ඡා පවත්වමින් සිටියහ.  අමිර්තලිංගම් නිවසේසාකච්ඡාවට යෝගි සහභාගී වන බව කලින් දන්වා තිබු නමුත් ඔහු පැමිණියේ නැත.

 එම නිවසට පැමිණෙන කොටි නියෝජිතයන් අපහසුවට පත්විය හැකි බැවින් ඔවුන්ව  සෝදිසි නොකරන ලෙස  යෝගෙස්වරන් මහතා නිවසේ ආරක්ෂාව බාරව සිටි උප පොලිස් පරීක්ෂක තම්බිරාජා කන්දසාමිට උපදෙස් දී තිබින.   තම්බිරාජා ඊට එකඟ වුයේ කැමැත්තකින් නොවේ. ඔහු පැවසුවේ, “සර් මුන්ව විශ්වාස කරන්න බැයනුවෙනිඑහෙත් කිසි කරදරයක් විය නොහැකි බවට විශ්වාසය පලකල යෝගෙස්වරන් පොලිස් නිලධාරියාගේ සැකය දුරු කරන්නට තැත් කලේය.  

 අපි මේ අයට සැලකිය යුතුයි. එසේ නොකොළොත් ඉදිරි සාකච්ඡා වලට ඔවුන්ව ගෙන්වා ගන්න බැරිවේවි  යෝගෙස්වරන් වැඩි දුරටත් පැවසීය.

  අනුව කොටි තිදෙනා සෝදිසි නොකරන ලෙස කන්දසාමි අකමැත්තෙන් වුවද සෙසු ආරක්ෂක නිලධාරීන්ට දැන්වීය. උපදෙසට අනුව නිවසට ඇතුල්වන දොරටුව අසල රාජකාරියේ යෙදී සිටි පොලිස් නිලධාරි සත්‍යමූර්ති කොටි පිරිසට සෝදිසියකින් තොරව නිවසට ඇතුල්වීමට ඉඩ දුන්නේය.   යෝගෙස්වරන් මුණගැසීමට විසු සහ ඇලෝසියස් උඩුමහලට ගිය අතර සිවකුමාර් හෙවත් අරිවූ පඩිපෙල පාමුල සිටගත්තේය.

යෝගෙස්වරන් අවස්ථාවේ සිය බිරිය සමග රූපවාහිනිය නරඹමින් සිටියේය. ඔහු කොටින් දෙදෙනා උණුසුම්ව පිලිගත් අතර සරෝජිනී ඔවුන්ට සංග්‍රයක් සූදානම් කිරීමට නැගිට ගියාය.  පහල මහලේ අමිර්තලිංගම්ඔහුගේ බිරිය, සිවසිත්තම්පරම් සහ සේනාතිරාජාද රූපවාහිනි නරඹමින් සිටියහ.

  අවස්ථාවේ ඉන්දියානු මහකොමසාරිස්වරයාගේ ඇරයුමට අනුව ඔහුගේ රාත්‍රී භෝජන සංග්‍රහයකට සහභාගී  වීම සඳහා ඇඳ පැළඳගෙන සූදානමින් සිටි අමිර්තලිංගම් සහ සිවසිත්තම්පරම්, යෝගෙස්වරන්ගේ දැනුම් දීමෙන් පසු කොටි නියෝජිතයන් හමුවීමට උඩුමහලට පැමිණියහ. ඔවුන් දුටු කොටි තිදෙනා ගරු සරු දක්වමින් සිටගත්හ. අමිර්තලිංගම් ඔවුන්ගෙන් එක් අයෙකුගේ පිටට තට්ටුවක් දමා  සතුටින් අසල වේවැල් පුටුවක හිඳගත්තේය.

 සිවසිත්තම්පරම් ඊට තරමක් එහායින් හිඳගත්තේය. යෝගේස්වරන් අමුත්තන්ට  සංග්රහයක් පිළියෙල කිරීම සඳහා සිය බිරියට උදව් කිරීමට ගියේය. ඔවුන් සඳහා තක්කාලි සැන්විච් පාන් සහ විස්කෝතු ගෙනා සරෝජිනී ඔවුන් බොන්නට කැමති මොනවාදැයි විමසුවාය. කොටි දෙදෙනා සිසිල් බීමකට කැමැත්ත පල කලහඅමිර්තලිංගම්ට වුවමනා වුයේ තේ බීමටයි. අනුව ඇය පළතුරු බීම වීදුරු දෙකක්  සහ තේ කෝප්පයක් ගෙනවුත් ආපසු සිය කාමරයට ගියායසිවසිත්තම්පරම්ට සහ යෝගේස්වරන්ට කිසිවක් බීමට අවශ් වුයේ නැත.

යෝගේස්වරන් කල හඳුන්වා දීම් වලින් පසු දෙමළ එක්සත් පෙරමුණු නායකයින් හමුවීමට ලැබීම ගැන කොටි දෙදෙනා සතුට ප්රකාශ කලහඅමිර්තලිංගම් සහ සිවසිත්තම්පරම්ද එලෙසම ප්රතිචාර දැක්වුහ. දෙමළ සටන්කාමීන්ගේ උද්යෝගය සහ කැපකිරීම් ගැන පැසසූ අමිර්තලිංගම් සහ සිවසිත්තම්පරම් දැන් අවශ්යව ඇත්තේ සියලු කණ්ඩායම් එක්සත් වී පොදු අරමුණක් කරා යාම බව කියා සිටියහ. එසේ නොකලහොත් ඉන්දුලංකා ගිවිසුමෙන් ලබා ගත් ජයග්රහණ නැතිවිය හැකි බවට අවධාරණය කලහ. දේශපාලන විසදුමකදී කොටි සංවිධානයට මුල් තැනක් ලබා දෙන බවටද  දෙමළ එක්සත් පෙරමුණු නායකයෝ පොරොන්දු වූහ. එම පොරොන්දුව කොටි නායකත්වයට දැනුම් දීමට විසු එකඟ විය . සාකච්චාව සුහද අයුරින් කෙරෙන බවක් පෙනුනිවැඩිපුරම කතාකලේ  අමිර්තලිංගම්, සිවසිත්තම්පරම් සහ විසුයයෝගෙස්වරන්  සහ ඇලෝසියස් නිශ්ශබ්දව සිටියහ.

මුලදී දෙමළ එක්සත් පෙරමුණ, විශේෂයෙන්ම අමිර්තලිංගම්, දෙමළ බෙදුම් වාදයට මතවාදීව නායකත්වය සැපයු නමුත් මතය ඔස්සේ යමින් දෙමළ තරුණ පිරිස් අවි අතට ගැනීම දෙමළ නායකයන්ට පසුව ගෙන  දුන්නේ බියකි. දෙමළ ඊළාමයක් වෙනුවට ඉන්දියානු රජයේ බලපෑම මත ඒකීය නොවන එහෙත්  එක්සත් ලංකාවක් තුල බලය බෙදීමකට අනුගතව උතුරු නැගෙනහිර ප්රජාතන්ත්රවාදී පාලනයකට දෙමළ එක්සත් පෙරමුණ එකඟ වීම ප්රභාකරන් සැලකුවේ සිය අරගලය පාවා දීමක් ලෙසටයි.

 එහෙත් අමිර්තලිංගම් සිය නිවසට පැමිණි කොටි නියෝජිතයන්ට පැවසුවේ සන්නද්ධ  අරගලය අතහැර ප්රජාතන්ත්රවාදී මගට එළඹීමට කොටි සංවිධානයට කාලය පැමිණ ඇතිබවය.

ප්රජාතන්ත්රවාදය යල්පැනගිය මගක් ලෙස ඔබ වැනි තරුණයන්ට පෙනිය හැකි නමුත් අප වැනි වැඩි හිටියන් කියන දේද ඉවසීමෙන් අසන්න”  සිවසිත්තම්පරම් කොටි නියොජිතයන්ට පැවසීය.

දිනවල පැවැත්වෙමින් තිබු ප්රේමදාස රජය සහ කොටි සංවිධානය අතර සාකච්ඡා ගැන විසුගෙන් විමසු  විට ඔහු කීවේ දෙපැත්තම එකිනෙකා රවටමින් සාකච්ඡා කරගෙන යනබවයි. මේ පිළිතුර එතැන සිටි සැම දෙනාම මහා හඬින් සිනහ ගැන්වීමට හේතු විය.

කොටි ඉන්දියාවේ අවි පුහුණුවීම් ලැබුවද ලංකාව සම්බන්ධයෙන් එරට විදෙස් පිළිවෙතේ යථාර්තය ප්රභාකරන් පැතු දෙමළ ඊළාමය  පිහිටුවීම නොවන බව ඔව්හු කල්තියාම දැන සිටියහ.  ඉන්දියාවට සැබැවින්ම වුවමනා වුයේ තමන්ට හිතවත් ලංකාවේ දෙමළ පක්ෂවල නායකත්වයෙන් සීමිත ස්වයං පාලනයක් මෙරට වැඩි ජනමතය නොතකා උතුරුනැගෙනහිරට ලබා දීමයි.  දිවයින පුරා ඇඳිරි නීතිය පනවා 1987 දී බලෙන් අත්සන් කරවාගත් ඉන්දුලංකා ගිවිසුමේ පදනම එය වියමෙය, වනවිට තහනමට ලක්ව තිබු  ජනතා විමුක්ති පෙරමුණට රට අරාජක කිරීමට කදිම නිමිත්තක් විය.

ගිවිසුමට විරුද්ධව මෙරට මතු වූ දැඩි ජන විරෝධය සමනය කිරීමට 1988 දී බලයට පත් ජනපති රණසිංහ ප්රේමදාසට තිබු දැඩි වුවමනාව එවකට දුර්වලව සිටි කොටි ත්රස්තවාදීහු සිය වාසියට හරවා ගන්නට තීරණය කලහමේ නිසා පරස්පර විරෝධී හේතුන් මතවුවද ප්රේමදාස රජයේ සහ කොටි සංවිධානයේ අරමුණ එකක් බවට පත්විය. එනම් ඉන්දීය සාම සාධක  හමුදාව මෙරටින් ඉවත්කරගැනීමයි.  ඊට විරුද්ධ මතයක් දැරුවේ දෙමළ එක්සත් විමුක්ති පෙරමුණ, ඉන්දියාවට හිතවත් අනෙක් දෙමළ පක්ෂ, මහවැලි සංවර්ධන ඇමති ගාමිණි දිසානායක සහ පැරණි වාමාංශික පක්ෂ නායකයින් ඇතුළු පිරිසයි.   මේ ස්ථාවරය කවදා හෝ තමන්ට මරණීය තර්ජනයක් විය හැකි බව දෙමළ එක්සත් පෙරමුණු නායකයන්ට නොවැටහුනා නොවේඒහෙත් එය වැලක්වීමට ඔවුන් ප්රමාද වුවා වැඩිය.

 ඉහල මහලේ කතාව පැවැත්වෙන අතරේ පහල මහලේ සිටි සිවකුමාර් හෙවත් අරිවූ කලබලකාරී ස්වභාවයක් පෙන්වීය. වනවිට සවස 7 පසු වී තිබින. ඔහු වරින් වර සිය අත් ඔරලෝසුව දෙස බලමින් නොඉවසිල්ලෙන් මෙන් එහාට මෙහාට ඇවිදිමින් උඩුමහල දෙසට සිය අවධානය යොමු කිරීම එහි සිටි සිංහල පොලිස් නිලධාරියකුගේ සැකයට පාත් විය. එම නිලධාරියා මහවැලි අමාත්යංශයෙන් අමිර්තලිංගම් මහතාගේ ආරක්ෂාවට පත් කරනු ලැබ සිටි නිශ්ශංක තිබබොටුමුනුවය.

 ඔහු කෑගල්ල දිස්ත්රික්කයේ හෙට්ටිමුල්ල අකිරියගල උපන්නෙකි. සිවකුමාර් ගේ හැසිරීම පිලිබඳ ඇතිවූ සැකය නිසා තිබබොටුමුනුව සහ පොලිස් නිලධාරී සත්යමූර්ති බලහත්කාරයෙන් ඔහු සෝදිසි කර සඟවාගෙන සිටි ග්රනේඩ් අත්බෝම්බයක් සහ ජීව උණ්ඩ කිහිපයක් සිය භාරයට ගත්හ. ඔහු සත්යමූර්තිගේ අත්අඩංගුවේ තැබූ උප පොලිස්පරීක්ෂක කන්දසාමි සහ තිබබොටුමුනුව ඉක්මනින් එහෙත් නිශ්ශබ්දව උඩුමහලට ගියහ. කන්දසාමි පඩිපෙළ මුල සිටගත් අතර තිබබොටුමුනුව බැල්කනියට ගොස් සූදානමින් සිටියේය. ප්රධාන කාමරයේ කෙරෙමින් තිබු කතාබහට බාධා කිරීම නුසුදුසු බැවින් නිලධාරින් දෙදෙනා සිටියේ කාමරයේ සිටි අයට නොපෙනෙන අයුරිනි

 රාත්රී 7.30 පමණ වනතෙක් කතාබහ ඉතා සුහද අන්දමින් කෙරුනි. ඉන් පසු විසු සිසිල් බීම පානය හිස් වීදුරුව මේසය මත තැබීමට අසුනින් නැගිට්ටේය.  ඊළඟ මොහොතේ ඔහුට මාරයා ආරූඩ වියඅමිර්තලිංගම් දෙසට හැරුනු ඔහු, ” හැම දෙනාම හිතනවා අපි මිනී කන යක්කු කියල නමුත් උඹල තමයි නියම යක්කුයයි පැවසීයදෙමළ එක්සත් පෙරමු ණු දේශපාලකයින් තිදෙනා සිතුවේ විසු විහිළු කන බවයි.  යෝගේස්වරන් මහ හඬින් සිනාසුනු අතර අමිර්තලිංගම් සහ සිවසිත්තම්පරම් සිනහ පල කලහ.  අමිර්ගේ සහ යෝගේස්ගේ අන්තිම සිනාවන් විය.

 එකෙණෙහිම විසු තුවක්කුවක් එලියට ගෙන අමිර්තලිංගම්ට වෙඩි තබන්නට පටන්ගත්තේය. යෝගෙස්වරන් කෑගසමින් සිය අසුනින් නැගිට්ටේය. එවිට අලොයිසියස්ද එතෙක් සඟවාගෙන සිටි ගිනි අවියකින් යෝගෙස්වරන්ට වෙඩි තැබීය. සිවසිත්තම්පරම් හිඳගෙන සිටියේ ඊට තරමක් ඈතිනිබියෙන් තිගැස්සුනු ඔහු සිය අසුනින් නැගිටඑපා” “එපා”  කියමින් දෙමළෙන්  කෑගැසීයවිසු ඔහුටද සිය අවිය එල්ලකර වෙඩි තැබීය. වෙඩි උණ්ඩය සිවසිත්තම්පරම් ගේ උරහිසට වැදිනි.

 වෙඩි ශබ්ද ඇසුනු පොලිස් නිලධාරි තිබබොටුමුනුව සිය අවිය අතට ගෙන කාමරය දෙස බැලීය. සිදුවන දේ දැක ඔහු එහි වීදුරු කවුලුව තුලින් විසුට සහ අලෝයිසියස්ට වෙඩි තබා තුවාල කලේය.. වෙඩි ශබ්දය ඇසුනු උප පොලිස් පරීක්ෂක කන්දසාමිද පැන යන්නට තැත් කරමින් සිටි ඝාතකයින් දෙසට වෙඩි තැබීය. තුවාල ලත් කොටි දෙදෙනාද පොලිස් නිලධාරීන් දෙසට වෙඩි තබමින් පඩි පෙල දිගේ පහලට දිවයන්නට තැත් කලහ. අමතර තුවක්කුවකින්ද සන්නද්ධව සිටි තිබබොටුමුනුව නොනවත්වාම උන් දෙදෙනාට වෙඩි තබා කර දෙදෙනාම මරා දැමීය. අතර පොලිස් නිලධාරි සත්යමූර්ති වෙඩි හඬ ඇසී පැනයන්නට තැත් කරමින් සිටි සිවකුමාර් සමග පොර බදන්නට විය. ඔහු තැත් කලේ තමා සතුව තිබී පොලිස් අත් අඩංගුවට පත් ග්රනේඩ් බෝම්බය නැවත උදුරා ගැනීමටය. ඔහු එය උදුරාගෙන ආරක්ෂක නිලධාරින් දෙසට එය වීසි කරන්නට පළමු තිබබොටුමුනුව ඔහුටද වෙඩි තබා තුවාල කලේයසිවකුමාර් වෙඩි කාගෙන දුවන්නට තැත් කල නමුත් තිබබොටුමුනුව නැවත වෙඩි තබා ඔහුද මරා දැමීය. කොටින් තිදෙනාම මැරුම් කෑවේ තිබබොටුමුනුව අතින්ය.

 වෙඩි හඬ ඇසුනු අමිර්තලිංගම්ගේ බිරිඳ මන්ගයියාර්ක්කරසි, යෝගෙස්වරන්ගේ බිරිඳ සරෝජිනී සහ මාවයි සේනාතිරාජා තවත් පඩිපෙලක් දිගේ ඉහල මාලයට දිව ගියහඅමිර්තලිංගම් ලේ වගුරුවමින් සිය අසුනේම සිටියේය. ඔහු මියගොස් ඇතිබව නොදැන සිටි  මන්ගයියාර්ක්කරසි ඔහුගේ හිස පිටුපසට කොට්ටයක් තබා හිස කෙලින් කලාය. ලේ විලක පණ අදිමින් සිටි යෝගෙස්වරන් ඉංග්රීසියෙන්  ‘bastards, bastards’ (පාහරයෝ, අවජාතකයෝ) යනුවෙන් ඉංග්රීසියෙන් මුමුනන්නට විය. කිසිවක් කතා කරගත නොහැකිව වික්ෂිප්ත වී සිටි සිවසිත්තම්පරම් තුවාල සහිතව බිත්තියට හේත්තුවී සිටියේය. ගිලන් රිය පැමිණ වෙඩි කෑ තිදෙනාම රෝහල් ගතකලහ.

 පශ්චාත් මරණ පරීක්ෂණ පැවැත්වුයේ එවකට කොළඹ අධිකරණ වයිද්  නිලධාරී එම්. එස්. එල්. සල්ගාදු සහ නියෝජ් වයිද් නිලධාරී එල්.බී.එල්. අල්විස්ය. අමිර්තලිංගම් ගේ මරණය හිසට සහ පපුවට වෙඩි වැදීමෙන් සිදුවී තිබූ අතර  යෝගෙස්වරන් මියයෑමට හේතුවී තිබුනේ පපුවට සහ අක්මාවට වෙඩි වැදීම නිසාය. අපරාධයේ එකම ඇසින් දුටු සාක්කිකරු වුයේ තුවාල ලබා නොමැරී බේරුනු සිවසිත්තම්පරම්ය. (ඔහු මියගියේ ඉන් වසර එකොළහකට පසු 2000 වසරේය).

 මේ ඝාතන නිසා දේශපාලනිකව ඉතාම අපහසුතාවයට පත්වුයේ දිනවල කොටි සමග එකතුව ඉන්දියන් හමුදාව මෙරටින් ඉවත් කරගැනීමට සාකච්ඡා කරමින් ඔවුනට ගිනි අවිද සැපයු ප්රේමදාස රජයයි.

 සිද්ධියේ එකම වීරයා වුයේ සිංහල පොලිස් නිලධාරී නිශ්ශංක තිබබොටුමුනුවයි. අමිර්තලිංගම්ඝාතනයෙන් 21 වසරකට පසු සබරගමුව පළාතේ හැඟුම් බර හමුවක් සිදුවිය. ඒ අමිර්තලිංගම් මහත්මිය  අමිර්තලිංගම් ගේ පුත් වයිද්‍ය බහීරතන් අමිර්තලිංගම් කෑගල්ලේ තිබබොටුමුනුව ගේ නිවසට පැමිණීමයි. ඒ වනවිට විශ්‍රාම ගොස් සිටි තිබබොටුමුනුව සහ ඔහුගේ බිරිය ශ්‍යාමලා ප්‍රමිලා කුමාරි ඉතා උණුසුම් අයුරින් ඔවුන් පිලිගත්හ. නිශ්ශංකව දුටු  අමිර්තලිංගම් මහත්මිය සහ පුත් බහීරතන් ඔහුව වැළඳ ගෙන හැඬුහ.   

The hidden racism and naming of roads in Sri Lanka-Remembering George Floyd and “I can’t breathe”

July 13th, 2020

By Saroj Jayasinghe Consultant Physician and  a Professor in a University of Colombo

A single incident in the US which was captured on a mobile phone by a teenager has triggered waves of protests against racism, globally. This has included bringing down of monuments that represented racists or slave owners in the UK and USA. Well-known names of such racists who were being implicitly honoured include the statue of Cecil Rhodes in Oxford University and the Policy School named after Woodrow Wilson in Princeton USA, both of which are likely to be removed by the universities.   

It is inevitable that countries in the global financial periphery such as Sri Lanka, too are touched by these events and reflect about racism. In the next few paragraphs I wish to outline the history behind a few selected names we currently glorify in Sri Lanka. The fact that Sri Lanka honours white skinned looters, criminals and murderers with road names may illustrate that we have learnt to accept racism within our collective psyche. This brief paper is to confront this by identifying a few well-known road names and delving into their histories.  

Human rights violators

1. Thomas Maitland (1805-1811).

A soldier who became a governor, TM came after the blockage of the Kandyan Kingdom by Governor North. He cannot be considered a benign leader worthy of a road named after him. Maitland was famous for using modified slave labour and used deceit to undermine the Kandyan King. His letters to Britain (quoted in Colvin R. De Silva’s book) stated that ‘it is by sword alone that we have obtained possession of this island and it is by the sword alone we can expect it to hold it’. He fleeced the country with innumerable taxes and ensured trade rules favourable to themselves: cinnamon, pearl fisheries, etc.  

He was a soldier at a time when slavery and white supremist ideas would have been the norm. If we are to extrapolate to the past from what Floyd underwent inside his own country under the full glare of mobile phones, it must have been worse 200 years ago, when absolute unbridled power was with the colonisers.  

We honour him with the following roads:  

Maitland Crescent in Colombo 7.  

Maitland Place in Colombo 7.  

2. Robert Brownrigg (1811-1820).

Another soldier, we have chosen to honour a military brute for his genocidal approach against a rebellion. A war criminal by any standards, he implemented a scorched earth policy and ordered that all males above 16 years were to be executed, destroyed dams, cut coconut trees, and burnt paddy fields in order to starve the rural populations. (See K.M. de Silva: A History of Sri Lanka). These are crimes against humanity and collective punishments that are despicable by any standards.   

The roll call of honours: 

  • Brownrigg Road in Colombo 7  
  • Brownrigg Street Kandy   
  • 3. George Torrington (1847-1850).

A pompous aristocrat who was known to have crushed the second freedom struggle in Ceylon (1848). Human rights violations were his forte especially executions without proper trials. Venerable Kudapola, a Buddhist monk was executed by Torrington in 1848 for supporting Veera PuranAppu. Those who were associated with the rebels, even remotely were banished. Areas such as Moneragala still have families that fled the British occupation (in puraana gam”- old villages) and they continue to suffer, partly as a result of these historical events.  

We do honour him with the following:

  • Torrington Avenue  
  • Torrington Place  
  • Torrington Flats Colombo  
  • Torrington Ground Colombo  
  • Slave Traders and Ecological destroyers

4. Edward Barnes (1824-1831). The man who used a form of slavery to build roads is ironically honoured by a road named after him. His method was to use existing systems (Rajakariya) to force people to build roads for the colonisers to transport their commercial products from the hill land to the ports for export.   

Sadly, the blood, sweat and tears of the peasants who died in the process are forgotten and we continue to hail their slave master. Though we venerate tea, what the British did was close to an ecological catastrophe by denuding the virgin hill forests to plant tea. By 1848 almost 250,000 acres of prime hill land had been sold at a pittance to British landowners. The land-grab was masterminded by a string of governors whom we don’t fail to honour. The areas were cleared by slaves or forced labour brought from India. Hundreds of such labourers died during the grueling treks to locations inland, but none are honoured by any memorials. Its time we honour these generations of Indian labour who perished in Sri Lanka, far away from their own homes.   

This generational discrimination is partly responsible for the plight of modern-day plantation workers, a fact that is glossed over by most researchers who tend to place the blame only on post-colonial Sri Lanka for the poor health and socio-economic outcomes of plantation workers. 

Honours for Barnes:

  • Barnes Place Colombo 7  
  • Racists
  • 5. William Manning 1918-1925

A manipulator and deceitful person of no mean repute, credited for having split the emerging independence movement by helping to weaken the Ceylon National Congress. He was a racist who promoted divisions based on ethnic groups, the more sanitised words used by V.L.B. Mendis is that he was ‘a ruthless communalist’. The impact of his divisive policies which led to 30 years of conflict are conveniently forgotten. Instead, we have honoured him with the following:  

  • Manning Market, Colombo  
  • Manning Place, Colombo  
  • Manning Town Flats, Colombo  
  • Manning Town Apartments, Colombo  
  • Manning Town Housing Scheme  

Robbers and looters

In addition to honouring a few despicable characters, we have also let several looters of our treasures off the hook. There is a treasure trove of items in museums all over the world plundered during the colonial period (see ‘Catalogue of Antiquities’ by Dr. P. H. D. H. de Siva available at the National Museum Library in Colombo). Some of these were looted by the governors: the 10th century golden statue of Tara, was taken out of Sri Lanka in 1830 by Robert Brownrigg.   

What should or should not be done:

We need to confront hidden symbols of racism, in a way similar to debates sweeping the US and Europe. We could be brave and change all these names of previous criminals and replace them with names of local heroes, people or places. The other option is to keep their names while placing a bold plaque below each name board that lists their criminal behaviour. Perhaps a group of historians could be appointed to review situations where colonial criminals are being honoured. This could be followed up with proposals to rename certain locations, roads and buildings.  

The views expressed do not reflect those of the institution. 

PS  

First a confession. I am not a historian. Second, I wish to lay to rest the philosophical argument as to whether we should or should not reflect on history. These protests, including the bringing down of statues of racists overseas show how deep-seated systemic racism is and how it has blinded thinking. In the US, it manifested recently as White Policemen killing Black people, but its tentacles were wide enough to glorify the killers with statues. I consider the existing situation in Sri Lanka an insult and would equate it to having a street named after Hitler in London. Unless we identify the roots of some of our current predicaments, we will continue to be haunted by the ghosts of yesteryear. To understand what I mean, please listed to this video on The Australian Dream by Stan Grant” the Australian TV presenter (search the above or go the following link:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uEOssW1rw0I ).

Finally, some may critique me for using harsh words. I shall not defend this because I believe what the colonists did was infinitely more harsh and cruel.  

Some use COVID-19 as scapegoat to get polls postponed: GL

July 13th, 2020

Lahiru Pothmulla

Sri Lanka Podujana Peramuna (SLPP) Chairman Professor G.L. Peiris yesterday said those who are afraid of facing the elections use the COVID-19 situation as a scapegoat to get the General Elections postponed.

Speaking at the weekly SLPP news briefing, Professor Peiris said a proper plan was in place to mitigate the COVID-19 situation and the health authorities are taking all necessary action accordingly.

He said it was not practical to prevent risks 100 per cent and therefore, the people should not take the situation lightly. All steps and guidelines necessary must be taken, but at the same time there is no need to create a panic situation,” he said.

He said some people, who know that they are not winning the General Elections, use the COVID-19 situation as a scapegoat to get the elections postponed.

Resorting to get the polls postponed is the simplest theory they have. If polls are held, they will lose without a doubt. In order to avoid defeat, they need to avoid polls. That’s why they have been postponing elections. We already know the results. The SLPP won the Local Government election with a landslide victory,” Professor Peiris said.

He said the government’s priority is to protect the people and their health.

Health authorities say action has been taken to mitigate the COVID-19 situation and the government follows their instructions. This is a humble government and not a know-it-all government. Some politicians recommend medicines for illnesses, but we are not like that. We follow the recommendations made by the health authorities. We are confident that we can control it,” he said. 

Kandakadu cluster: Not a wide-spread scenario- Dr. Jasinghe

July 13th, 2020

Courtesy The Daily Mirror

While claiming that 428 Covid 19 Positive cases had been reported from Kandakadu and Senapura Rehabilitation Centres, Director General of Health Services Dr Anil Jasinghe today said the spreading of the virus in the respective areas was not a wide-spread scenario.

The spreading of the virus is only confined to the isolated areas,” Dr Jasinghe said. 

He said surveillance by intelligence services had been beefed-up round the country to detect Covid-19 positive cases and added there were no signs to suggest that the viral infection had spread islandwide or a second wave of the viral infection was on.

All precautionary and protective measures have been taken to prevent further escalation of the pandemic,” he said.

What we expect from the public is to follow protective guidelines and health protocol to the letter. Unfortunately, we have witnessed some complacency among the public in the last few weeks. Therefore, I reiterate that if we are to control Covid-19 successfully, each and every Sri Lankan must be determined to adhere to health guidelines,” he stressed.

Details of 506 reported cases of covid -19 from Kandakadu

July 13th, 2020

Courtesy Hiru News

The Commander of the Army Lieutenant General Shavendra Silva stated that 429 of the 506 infected persons found at the Kandakadu Rehabilitation Center are rehabilitated prisoners.

Meanwhile 47 are staff members and 30 are close contacts.

Two (02) more persons confirmed for Covid -19: SL Country total increases to 2,644.

July 13th, 2020

Courtesy Hiru News

Two (02) more persons have tested positive for Covid-19 (new coronavirus) infection from Rajanganaya.

The country total has increased to 2,644 according to the latest information by the Epidemiology unit of the Ministry of Health.

Covid-19 Situation Report as at 2020-July-13| compiled according to the Health promotion Bureau and the Epidemiology Unit data

Total confirmed cases –2,644
Recovered and discharged 1,981
Active cases – 652
New Cases for the day – 27
Total Deaths – 11

Range Bandara reveals about 23 audio recordings of Sajith faction (video)

July 13th, 2020

Courtesy Hiru News

Former Member of Parliament Palitha Range Bandara stated that 56 persons who were with Sajith Premadasa had discussed with him to re-join the UNP .

He further stated that he has recorded the telephone conversations of 23 of them and he has the recordings.

Former parliamentarian Ranjith Maddumabandara stated that although Palitha Range Bandara is the trade union leader, all trade union leaders are now with the Sajith faction.

Former Minister Ranjith Maddumabandara is not contesting the election because he knows he will lose, said the candidate of the Sri Lanka Podu Jana Peramuna, Vijitha Berugoda.

Former Member of Parliament Kanchana Wijesekera stated at a public meeting held today that the first responsibility is the safety of the people.

Former Member of Parliament Navin Dissanayake stated that a decision should be taken to hold this election after a discussion between all parties.

Former Member of Parliament Harsha de Silva stated that the allowance of Rs. 20,000 was given only for a period of time for the people in need.

An Open Letter to Ms. Alaina Teplitz of the US Embassy

July 12th, 2020

By Sri Lanka Study Circle

We, the members of the Sri Lanka Study Circle in the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka, a founding member of the Non Aligned Movement – the largest organised grouping of Nations after the UN –  that initiated a UN General Assembly Resolution in 1971 which was unanimously adopted by the entire World to make forever the Indian Ocean a zone of peace within which area no Nuclear weapons whatsoever  would be permitted, are perturbed by your insensitive and hypocritical attitude in not providing the Sri Lankan people official  Sinhala and Tamil translations of the draft MCC Conditional -Contract made out in English which too was made public only a few months ago while you took time and effort to  have your propaganda material on the MCC Conditional-Contract translated into Sinhala and Tamil.

This matter is of grave importance to the people of this country, about a 98 per cent of whom do not have an intricate knowledge of the English Language – and that includes parliamentarians – to read, understand and give an independent opinion on an issue that affects the very Sovereignty and future of the Country, her people and the unborn generations of Sri Lankans whose Fundamental Rights will be adversely affected.

When Agreements such as these, are signed or are being prepared to be signed behind the backs of the People and their Representatives, you are working against the very norms of civilized behaviour laid out clearly in the Vienna Convention on International Treaties.

We, the members of the Sri Lanka Study Circle, demand that you make available immediately to the people of Sri Lanka the official Sinhala and Tamil translations of the draft MCC Conditional-Contract and in the same measure make available to the people the originals and translations of the SOFA and ACSA.

 We demand that you do so immediately, before the General Elections, because the people can then study these Agreements and the election results will reflect in no uncertain terms what the people think of these ‘Agreements’ and the motives of the Americans.

ERASING THE EELAM VICTORY Part 17 A

July 12th, 2020

KAMALIKA PIERIS

Sri Lanka is now in approaching its fourth round of western rule, this time under the United States of America. When the British left Ceylon in 1948, USA was ready to take over, but in the euphoria of independence, this went unnoticed.

Britain had anticipated that its empire would end some day.   It was too huge, too expensive to run and the colonies were starting to kick. Britain had therefore   made all the necessary arrangements   to help its successor take over the island of Sri Lanka.

The importance of Sri Lanka lay in its coast, not the interior. Sri Lanka coast gave access to the Bay of Bengal on the right and to south India on the left. The prime attraction was the ready made capacious harbor at Trincomalee, but there was also the Pulmoddai mineral sands, and,   much  later on, the possibility of oil near Mannar.

Britain therefore created three    coastal provinces, which they called, the Northern, Eastern and North Western provinces.  These are not natural provinces. They are not historical provinces either. They were artificially created by the British. The Northern and Eastern Provinces were created in 1833 and the North Western Province in 1845.

Northern Province is 8,884 square kilometers and Eastern province 9,996 square kilometers. The Eastern Province went right down the Eastern flank of the island. It was kept separate from the interior. The Eastern Province faced the Bay of Bengal, and had within it, the harbor of Trincomalee.  These three provinces joined together, (minus Kurunegala district) make Eelam”.

Northern and Eastern
provinces
Northwestern
province
Map of Eelam

The British invented two bogus races, the ‘Ceylon Tamil’ and the ‘Ceylon Moor’ and allocated these three coastal provinces to them. ( Denham. Census of Ceylon 1911). These two bogus races, particularly the bogus ‘Ceylon Tamil’ race was created to function as a disruptive entity working against the unity of the island.

Britain retreated from Ceylon, leaving a pro-west government in place.  This was no accident. Britain sent D.B. Jayatilaka to India, ignored SWRD Bandaranaike, and selected D.S.Senanayake (1947-1952) to lead the newly independent Ceylon. DS Senanayake was not very educated nor well travelled. He was very pro-British.

When he died,  D.S.  Senanayake’s son, Dudley was chosen as Prime Minister by the Governor General, Lord Soulbury, ‘to the surprise of many ‘.Dudley did not last long as Prime Minister and was followed by Sir John Kotelawala, (1953-1956) who, to the delight of USA, was utterly anti Communist.

The US had established a presence in Sri Lanka in the 1950s. Philip Gunawardena observed in 1956, that an American NGO, CARE, had been invited by the UNP government to distribute milk powder. CARE was an acronym for Cooperative for American Relief Everywhere’. Philip objected to CARE distributing milk powder. It could be done by local agencies. Also what was the need for CARE to set up an office here, for the mere supervision of distribution. Why  did the previous government allow a voluntary  organization to set up a branch office in Ceylon. Philip was suspicious. ‘I fear the Greeks  even when they offer gifts ‘he said.  Philip  had  tried to change the agreement ,but  found that was not possible. ‘I looked,’  he said. ‘

US  showed that it could take aggressive action when necessary. When the Rubber Rice pact of 1952 was signed, USA promptly cut off aid to Sri Lanka, under its rule of not giving aid to countries that sold strategic materials to Communist countries. USA also stopped the sale of its sulphur fungicide, needed by Sri Lanka rubber plantations.  

The US had supporters in high places. Bandu de Silva observed that the Rubber Rice Pact was heavily opposed by some members of Parliament, notably J.R. Jayewardene, Minister of Finance. When the Pact came up for renewal in 1957, certain parties attempted to sabotage the   Pact. The prominent name was J.R. Jayewardene, continued Bandu.  The press had published some  secret communications on the matter, and it was suspected that the source was “Yankee Dickie”,  added   Bandu de Silva.

The next Prime Minister, SWRD Bandaranaike  (1956-1959)  initiated diplomatic relations with Russia and China and  favored non alignment. This would not have pleased the US. The MEP  government of the period was in constant turmoil   over local issues,  such as Sinhala Only and the Paddy lands Bill. The focus was on  internal matters .

But Philip Gunawardene saw signs of   active foreign intervention. Philip   was familiar with international intrigue, having seen it at first hand   when he was working with socialist groups in France, Germany and Spain. Therefore Philip, unlike the rest, could detect foreign intrigue in Sri Lanka, when he saw it.

Certain embassies, were developing close connections with the armed forces, Philip Gunawardene  said.  He specially mentioned US embassy.  Powerful forces are work, he said in Parliament in 1958. A group was working to overthrow the MEP government and set up dictatorship.   Philip   anticipated the creation of a junta. NM Perera agreeing, spoke of a possible coup d’état. Philip ended his speech saying to SWRD, Sir, your life is in danger.

SWRD was assassinated in  September 1959 by a Buddhist priest, Somarama, on the verandah of his home. This was the USA’s first assassination in Sri Lanka and its first attempt at regime change in Sri Lanka . The assassination was planned. That was obvious. But it was not difficult to execute. Bandaranaike had no security protection whatsoever.  Anyone could kill him anywhere. 

At that time the public readily swallowed the explanation that the person responsible for the assassination was the High Priest of Kelaniya, Buddharakkhita. They accepted the ridiculous argument that Buddharakkhita got Bandaranaike killed because Bandaranaike had refused to give Buddharakkhita a contract to import rice and another to set up a sugar factory. Heads of state are not assassinated for such flimsy reasons.

There is an interesting religious twist to the Bandaranaike assassination. The participation of the Sangha in this assassination was expected to be a triumph for anti-Buddhist forces and a terrible blow to the powerful Buddhist movement of the time. But that did not happen.

Somarama   gave up robes during the trial and weeks before his execution was converted to Christianity and was baptized in his cell by the Anglican priest Mathew Peiris. Somarama had used a revolver which had belonged to a notorious underworld figure, Ossie Corea. Ossie Corea was a Catholic. Vimala Wijewardene, another accused, converted to Catholicism and gifted her houses and land to the Catholic Church.

Satchi Ponnambalam writing in 2009   wondered whether the CIA was behind the Bandaranaike assassination. Was any ‘foreign hand’ involved, he asked.  Did Buddarakkitha have any contacts with international agents.’ it is now well known that between 1959 and 1962 the CIA had made several assassination and assassination attempts on political leaders who were pro-Left, why not SWRD. The death of Buddarakkitha in prison at the relatively young age of 46, during a UNP government may also be significant, he said.

D.B.S.Jeyaraj (2014)  also openly questioned whether any ‘foreign hand’ was involved in Bandaranaike’s assassination. Did Buddharakkhita and Somarama act on their own. He points out that USA had a strong anti-communist policy at this time. It was well known, he said, that between 1959 and 1962, the CIA was involved in assassinations,  and failed attempts at assassination, of political leaders who were pro-Left, like Lumumba, Sukarno and Fidel Castro. In the 1990s it was found that the CIA had given money to the Dalai Lama who was opposing Communist China’s takeover of Tibet. (http://dbsjeyaraj.com/dbsj/archives/33515)

The intended regime change, after the death of SWRD,  did not take place .SWRD was replaced by Sirimavo, which the US did not expect.  Bandaranaike’s wife, Sirimavo took his place as Prime minister in the SLFP led government of 1960  and, to the surprise of everybody, including probably, Sirima herself, ran the country better than SWRD had done.  She     took firm decisions as PM, without dithering, and was excellent in her foreign policy.

She seemed set to go on forever. Another round of ‘regime change’ was necessary. Philip Gunawardene warned Sirimavo in 1960 of the danger of a military coup. Such a coup was planned to take place on  27 January 1962. If it had succeeded,  Sirimavo would have been killed.

The coup was planned by an assortment of army and police officers.  They were almost entirely, Christian, upper class, westernized, right wing and UNP. The leaders were F. C. de Saram, Commanding Officer, Ceylon Artillery  who later made a confession assuming full responsibility, Maurice De Mel, former Chief of Staff of the Army and Royce de Mel, Captain of the navy. They were joined by  five subordinate officers  from the Ceylon Artillery, several commanding officers from the Ceylon Signals Corps, and one from Ceylon Electrical and Mechanical Engineers .The Police  was represented by C.C.Dissanayake Deputy Inspector General of Police, Sidney de Zoysa, former Deputy Inspector General of Police (DIG) , three Superintendents of Police and two Assistant Superintendents  of Police.

The coup was to be carried out by troops from the 3rd Field Regiment, 2nd Volunteer Antiaircraft Regiment of the Ceylon Artillery, almost the entire officer corps of these regiment were involved, 2nd (V) Field/Plant Regiment of the  Ceylon Engineers, 2nd Volunteer Signals Regiment of the  Ceylon Signals Corps, the  Armored cars of the Sabre troop of the Ceylon Armoured Corps and some members  of the Police.

It was to be a swift, surgical strike, accomplished within a few hours from midnight on the 27th.Police cars equipped with radio and loudspeakers were to go around Colombo and outskirts at midnight, announcing a 24 hour curfew. People had to remain indoors. Anyone seen outside would be shot on sight. Soldiers with vehicles and radio equipment were to be stationed at key locations in suburban Colombo and strategic junctions within Colombo city. Armoured cars and army vehicles fitted with radio equipment were to be stationed at the two Kelani bridges.

Police headquarters, Criminal Investigations Department (CID) and the Central Telephone and Telegraph exchanges would be taken over and all tele-communication suspended until further notice. A special telephone line from the Army headquarters to the Army barracks in Echelon square in Fort had been set up earlier, to be used for urgent intra-army communication. Fully armed Signals corps dispatch riders on motor cycles were to be positioned from 11 pm  at Torrington (Independence) square, to storm Radio Ceylon” and take it over when the password ‘Holdfast ‘ was given.  Lake House and Times of Ceylon were also to be taken over and newspapers were to cease publication for a few days. At Temple Trees the duty officer for the night had been replaced.

After 1956, many Sinhala-Buddhists were taken into the armed forces to counter the large number of Christians who had been recruited in British times. These soldiers it was anticipated would be loyal to the government. The coup leaders had to therefore prevent a potential counter-strike by such officers and troops.  Soldiers stationed at the Panagoda cantonment had to be prevented from entering Colombo at all costs, until the transfer of power was completed. Armoured cars and army vehicles fitted with radio equipment were to be stationed at the Kirillapone Bridge.

The Prime Minister , Cabinet Ministers,  Parliamentary Secretary for Defence and External affairs (Felix Dias Bandaranaike), Permanent secretary to the Ministry of Defence and External affairs (N. Q. Dias),  Army Commander,  acting Captain of the Navy,  Inspector General of Police as well as DIG (CID) (S A. Dissanayake) and SP (CID) (John Attygalle) were to be arrested and taken to the Army Headquarters, where they would be held as prisoners in the ammunition magazine, which was an underground bunker. Government members of Parliament and all LSSP, MEP and CP members of the opposition were to be detained en masse at e the Sravasti” MP’s hostel. Other officials, including service commanders, were to be placed under house arrest in their own homes in Colombo.

Maurice de Mel was to coordinate from Army headquarters, F.C. de Saram from Temple Trees” where the password  was to be British Grenadier” and Dissanayake from President’s House, then known as ‘Queens House”, password was Dowbiggin”. Queen’s House was the official residence of the Governor-General Sir Oliver Goonetilleke. Once the coup was successful, the coup leaders would meet Sir Oliver, request him to dissolve Parliament and take direct control. The country would then be run by a ‘junta’ of ex-Prime Ministers, Dudley Senanayake and Sir John Kotelawela.

The coup never happened. The government was alerted by P de S Kularatne, who had been told about it by his son in law, Stanley Senanayake. the leaders were rounded up, charged and found guilty. They got off on an appeal to Privy Council, London.

The coup was not led by the head of the army which meant that other high ups were masterminding it.. It was alleged that several VVIPs were in on this. Sir Oliver Goonetilleke, who was never charged,  resigned as Governor-General and went into self-imposed exile in Britain. The public had  suspected  for decades that  JR may have had a hand in it. this was confirmed in his biography which recorded some advice that JR gave to Sydney de Zoysa, reported analysts.

I cannot recall what the public thought of this coup at the time, but people started saying, decades later,  on the Internet, that western powers were probably behind it. One commentator said the coup was Plan B. Plan A was the assassination of Bandaranaike, which was easily achieved but did not bring the expected outcome

Another said in 2014,  that  he thought the CIA, MI5 and ‘other such organizations’ were trying to set up puppet governments in the emerging nations. A third commentator, Nicky Karunaratne, also 2014,  wondered whether ‘those guys handling the 1962 coup  were being groomed by the CIA to carry out their agendas. Such actions were openly carried out in other countries’.

The United States has interfered in at least four elections in Sri Lanka , in support of UNP, said Prof. Dov Levin of Carnegie Mellon university, a leading expert on American and Russian interventions in foreign elections. Prof. Levin says he has found no evidence of Soviet meddling  in any of the Sri Lankan elections he studied.   

Levin observed that John Foster Dulles visited in March 1956  before the General election of 1956.  He was the first US Secretary of State to visit the island .He spoke with Prime Minister , John Kotelawala.  UNP signed an aid pact with  the USA for 5 million USD aid ,in April just days before the 1956 General  election.

 There was covert CIA  support  to the UNP In the two 1960 general elections, as well. Members of the UNP directly requested help from the US embassy in both elections and were directed to the CIA.    The US sent campaign advisers to help the UNP and probably gave covert funds to the party, Levin said.

 In 1965 election, too, there was similar covert interference by the US. Levin’s research is supported by information from elsewhere. Diplomat Robert Keeley   said that the US intervention in Sri Lanka in 1965 installing the UNP in power was held up as an example by  US embassy staff in Athens as they discussed proposals for a possible massive intervention by the CIA, in Greece’s elections of 1967. UNP’s  acceptance of US/CIA covert aid in the 1965 elections  was  considered a possible model for US intervention in Greece.  This is said in Keeley’s book  The Colonel’s Coup and the American Embassy: A Diplomat’s View of the Breakdown of Democracy in Cold War Greece” .

The 1965 election was closely followed by US media which hailed the UNP’s crushing victory” as a   triumph for America itself, commented Hassina Leelaratna. Dudley Senanayake was frequently referred to as either pro-Western” or pro-American” and praised for his promises of improving relations with the US, opening the island toforeign investors, and compensating the  American oil companies, Esso and Caltex, and British oil company, Shell nationalized by Mrs. Bandaranaike’s government. The US media  called the UNP’s win an American victory, for Senanayake prefers American foreign aid to Soviet aid.”. ( continued)

සිංහලයා ශ්‍රී ලාංකික කිරීමේ ව්‍යාපාරය, හා ගර්‌භාශ යුද්‌ධය

July 12th, 2020

චන්ද්‍රසිරි විජයවික්‍රම, LL.B., Ph.D.

හැඳින්‌වීම

සිතියමක් වචන දාහකට වඩා වටී

මෙහි පෙන්වන සිතියම දැනට වර්‌ෂ ගණනාවකට පෙර ලංකාවේ මුස්ලිම් සංවිධානයක වෙබ් අඩවියකින් කොපිකර ගත් එකකි. එය පිළියෙල කර තිබෙන්නේ සමස්ත ලංකා මුස්ලිම් ලේඛනාගාර මධ්‍යස්ථානයේ විධායක අධ්‍යක්‍ෂක, එම්. එල්, එම්. මොහිදීන් නම් මිනින්දෝරු තැන විසිනි. පිළියෙල කල වර්‌ෂය සඳහන් කර නැත. පාට යොදාගැනීමේදී කොල-කහ යන <ඉස්ලාම් පාටවල්> යොදා ගැනීම නිසා, තද හා ලා කහපාට දෙක අතර වෙනස පැහැදිලි නැත. කිසිම මුස්ලිම් වෙබ් අඩවියක මේ සිතියම දැන් දක්නට නැත. ලංකාවේ විශ්ව විද්‍යාලවල භූගෝල විද්‍යා ගුරුවරු වැනි අය 2020 ට ආසන්න සංඛ්‍යා ලබාගෙන මෙවැනි ආකාරයේ ජන සංඛ්‍යා සිතියම් පිලියෙල කර විග්‍රහ කල යුතු වන්නේ එය ජාතිවාදයක් නොව, යථාර්‌ථය රටට පෙන්‌වීමට ඔවුන්ට රටෙන් ගෙවන පඩියට ගෙවිය යුතුව ඇති ණයක් නිසාය.

මේ වනාහි ඉතාමත් සරල, පුටුවක ඉඳගෙන කලහැකි පර්යේෂණ වර්‌ගයකි. මෙවැනි සිතියම් සඳහා අවශ්‍ය සංඛ්‍යා, ජන සංඛ්‍යා ලේඛන දෙපා‌ර්තමේන්තුවෙන් ලබාගත හැකියයි සිතමි. මෙම සංඛ්‍යා ග්‍රාම සේවක වසම් මට්ටමෙන් හෝ චන්ද මධ්‍යස්ථාන මට්ටමෙන් ලබාගෙන සිතියම් පිළියෙල කරනවා නම් ඉන් දැනට ක්‍රියාත්මකවනවා යයි පෙනෙන ගර්‌භාශ යුද්‌ධයේ බාහිර මූණත වඩාත් හොඳින් විද්‍යාමාන වන්නේය. වඩා උස සිරීපාදේ කන්දද, පිදුරුතලාගල කන්දද කියා ලමයින්ට උගන්වනවා වෙනුවට, ඔවුන්ට පුරුදු කල යුත්තේ ඉතින් පිදුරුතලාගල කන්ද ඔච්චර උස නම් ඒ නිසා අපට ඇති සමාජ-පරිසර බලපෑම් මොනවාද කියා ප්‍රශ්ණ කිරීමටය. ජනාධිපති ගෝඨාභය විසින්, හිරගෙවල්, මහ බැංකුවෙන් ආරම්භකර ඇති ආයතන <ශුද්‌ධ කිරීම> විශ්ව විද්‍යාල ගුරුන්ගේ කාර්යක්‍ෂමතාවය මැණීමට හා දියුණු කිරීමට ඉදිරියේදී යොමුවිය යුතුව ඇත.

මුස්ලිම් ජන සංඛ්‍යා ව්‍යාප්තිය

ලංකාවේ ජනගහණයෙන් සියේට දහයක් පමණ මුස්ලිම් යයි කීමත්, මේ සුළු ජන ව‌ර්‍ගයට හිරිහැර, වෙනස්කම් සිදුවෙනවා යයි යහපාලනකාරයින් ඇතුළු නොයෙක් පිරිස් ලොවට කියාපෑමත්, සත්‍යද යන කරුණ, නොයෙක් පරිමාණයේ ජන සංඛ්‍යාසිතියම් මඟින් විමසා බලන විට නොයෙක් අංශ වලින් නොයෙක් පැහැදිළි කිරීම් අනිවා‌ර්ය කරවන්නේය. මිනිසාගේ සාමාන්‍ය ව්‍යාප්තිය වෙනුවට, ජාතිය, ආගම, කුලය, වයස්, අධ්‍යාපන මට්ටම, ආදායම, ලෙඩ රෝග යනාදි වශයෙන් සළකා බැලීම, ලංකාව වැනි ජාතිවාදී බලවේග දෙකකටම හිරවී ඉන්නා කුඩා දූපතකට විශේෂයෙන් වැදගත්‌ය. එම ජාතිවාදී බලවේග, තුන්වන හෝ ඊට වැඩි විදෙස් බලවේග හා අත්වැල් බැඳගෙන සිටීනම් තත්‌වය තවත් බරපතලය. යම් ජන ව‌ර්‍ගයක් තමන්ගේ ගැලවීම රඳා ඇත්තේ වැඩි වැඩියෙන් තම ජන වර්‌ගය බෝ කිරීමෙන් යයි සිතා ක්‍රියා කරන්නේ නම්, ඔවුන් හා එකට වසන තවත් ජන වර්‌ගයක් උපත් පාලනය කිරීම තම ජාතිය ස්‌වයංවඳ කර ගැනීමකි.

ගර්‌භාශයට ගැරහීම

ඇමෙරිකාවේ තරුණියන් මදර්ස්ඩේ එකට මවට යවන කාඩ් එකේ, <අම්මේ, ඔබේ ගර්‌භාශය මට කුලියට දුන්නාට ස්‌තුතියි> කියා සඳහන් කාඩ්ද විකිණේ! මේ මාතෘකාව ගැන ලිවීම පවා පිළිකුළ් සහගත වන්නේ ගර්‌භාශය ලොව උතුම්ම වස්තුවක් වන නිසාය. බයිබලයට අනුව ස්ත්‍රිය මැවුවේ පිරිමියාගේ ඉල ඇටයකිනි. හින්දු වේදයට අනුව ස්ත්‍රියට ලැබුණේ පහත්ම තැනකි. බමුණන් බ්‍රහ්මයාගේ හිසෙන් උපදිනවා යන කියමනට, බුදුහාමුදුරුවන් දුන් පිළිතුර වූයේ, ඔවුන් උපදින්නේ ස්ත්‍රියගේ යෝනියෙන් යන්න බව මා දැනගත්තේ නලින් සුවාරිස්ගේ ආචාර්ය උපාධි පොතෙන්‌ය. දන්ත ධාතුව ලංකාවට ගෙනාවේ ස්ත්‍රියකගේ හිස කෙස් අතර සඟවා ගෙන වුවත්, බිළිඳුන් දළදා මාළිගාවට පූජාකර මුදවා ගන්නා උඩරට සිරිතේදී පිරිමින් එලිපත්තෙන් ඇතුලේත්, ගැහැණුන් ඉන් පිටතත් තබන බව ඔබ දන්නවාද? මේ ස්ත්‍රිය හා පිරිමියා එක සමානය යන බෞද්‌ධ දර්‍ශනයට හින්දු-නායක්කාර රජුන්ගේ බලපෑම නිසා සිදුවූ දෙයය! මානව අයිතිවාසිකම් රැහැනේ අයිතිකාරිය වන දීපිකා උඩගම වැනි අය ථේරි ගාථා කියවිය යුතු ඒ නිසාය. ලෝකයේ ප්‍රථම ස්ත්‍රී අගමැති ලංකාවෙන් බිහිවූයේ අහම්බෙන් නොවේ.

ඇතුවත් බැරි-නැතුවත් බැරි ගෑණු!

ඇමෙරිකාවේ රතු ඉන්දියන් හා සුදු මිනිසුන් අතරවූ යුද්‌ධ වලදී දෙපක්‍ෂයම සතුරාගේ ස්ත්‍රීන් හා ළමයින් පැහැර ගෙන ගියේ කුමක් නිසාද යන්න මට තාමත් ප්‍රහේලිකාවකි. මෙය සුදු වහල් හිමියන් කළු වහල් ස්ත්‍රීන් කෙළි බඩු ලෙස සැළකුවාට වඩා වෙනස් විය හැකිය. ඇමෙරිකාවේ තුන්වන ජනාධිපතිවූ තෝමස් ජෙෆර්‌සන්ට ඔහුගේ නිවස තුලම කළු-වහල්, තරුණ, අනියම් භාර්‌යාවක් සිටියේය. මෝගල් අධිරාජයාවූ සහජාන්, ඔහුට දරුවන් 14 ක් ලබාදුන් මුම්ටාස් මහාල් බිසවට තිබූ ආදරය නිසාම ඇගේ මිණී සොහොන් කොත ලෙස ටජ්මහාල් මන්දිරය සැදුවේය. අයින්ස්ටයින්ගේ සොයාගැනීම් පිටුපස සිටියේ ඔහුගේ භාර්‌යාව යයි මතයක් ඇත. බොහෝ මානව අයිතිවාසිකම්කාරයින් සමලිංගිකයින්‌වීමේ ප්‍රශ්ණයක් නැත. එහෙත් එයට ගරුකරණ ලෙස ඔවුන් විසින්, ඇතුවත් බැරි-නැතුවත් බැරි ගෑණු මතය පිළිගන්නා සිංහලයින්ට බලකිරීම ප්‍රශ්ණයක් නොවේද? කාති උසාවි මඟින් මුස්ලිම් ස්ත්‍රීන්ට වහලියන් සේ සැළකීමට ලංකාවේ නීතියෙන් 1951 සිට ඉඩ සළසා දුන්නේ කුමක් නිසාද?

ගර්‍භාශ යුද්‌ධයේ සුළ මුළ

පන්සිය පනස් ජාතක පොතේ සුරුචි ජාතකයේ සඳහන් වන අන්දමට අග බිසවකට ඇති ලොකුම දුක් වේදනාව නම් රජුට අන්තඃපුරයක් තිබීමය. බෞද්‌ධයින්ට මේ සම්බන්‌ධව ශික්‍ෂාපදයක්ද ඇත. උඩරට සිරිත් අනුව එකගෙයි කෑම යටතේ සහෝදරයින් කීපදෙනෙක් එක ස්ත්‍රියක හා ජීවත්‌විය. මීට නොයෙක් හේතු දක්‌වා ඇත. ඉස්ලාම් පිරිමින් මෙහි අනිත් පැත්ත කරන්නේ නබිනායකතුමාට භාර්‌යාවන් 11 සිටි නිසාද? එහෙත් බස්නාහිර ආණ්ඩුකාරයා ලෙස අසාත් සාලිට දෙපැත්තෙන් ගෑණුන් දෙන්නෙක් සමඟ නිදහස් දින සැමරුමට ඒමට ඉඩ දුන්නේ සංහිඳියාවටද? එය අනුමත කලේ රනිල්ද? සිරිසේනද? මොවුන් තවදුරටත් බලයේ සිටියා නම් ගෑණු දෙන්නෙක් හෝ පිරිමි දෙන්නෙක් අඹු-සැමි ලෙස නිදහස සමරන්නට ඒමට හොඳටම ඉඩ තිබුණේය.

චීනය ටිබැට් අල්ලාගත් පසු චීන භටයින් ටිබැට් ස්ත්‍රීන්ට දරුවන් ජාතක කොට ඒ හරහා ටිබැට් ජාතිය වඳකිරීමේ ප්‍රතිපත්තියක් අනුගමනය කරණවා යයි ප්‍රචලිත විය. මේ දේම වියට්නාමයේදීද කරන්නට හැදුවා යන්නද එලිවිය. එසේ නම් ලංකාවේද ඉස්ලාම් ශාරියා අනුව මෙවැනි දෙයක් දැන් සිදුවන්නේ ලංකාවේ නීතියේ අනුග්‍රහය යටතේ වීම ඛේදජනකය. එක පැත්තකින් සමහර විට අවුරුදු 13 ටත් අඩු ලමා වයසේ විවාහ වලට ඉඩ ඇත. මුජිබර් රහමාන් වත් ඊට විරුද්‌ධ නැත. අනිත් පැත්තෙන් තලාක් යයි තුන් පාරක් කියා එය අවලංගු කල හැකිය. මේ වනවිට එලිදරව් වී ඇත්තේ, කාති උසාවි ක්‍රමය හරහා මුස්ලිම් පිරිමින් කරගෙන යන ස්ත්‍රී ජාවාරමය. මෙවැනි ක්‍රමයක් කෝරාණයේ ඉඩ දී තිබුණත් නැතත්, අරාබි වැසිකිලි හේදීමට යන ලංකාවේ ස්ත්‍රීන්ට ඒ රටවල පිරිමින් සළකනවා ඇත්තේ කෙසේද යන්න මේ අනුව සිතාගත හැකිය. මේ ගෑණුන් ලංකාවට එවන දිනාර් වලින් රජසැප විඳින සිංහල පවුල් වලටත් මෙය සාපයක් නොවේද?

මේ අනුව ඉංග්‍රීසියෙන් කියන ඕට්ස් වැපිරීම මුස්ලිම් පිරිමියාට ඔහුගේ ආගමෙන් දුන් වරමක් වැනිය. දැන් අසුවී තිබෙන්නේ කුකුල් පැක්ටරි මෙන් ලමයින් හදන පැක්ටරි අරාබි සල්ලි වල ආධාරයෙන් ලංකාවේ පවතින බවය. පිරිමියා පට්ටි ගොනෙක් වැනිය. ඊට අමතරව සිදුවන්නේ සෝමලතා, ෆාතිමා කරණය කිරීමය. දුගීකම නිසා බොරු මුස්ලිම් ආලයක පැටලෙන සිංහල හා දෙමළ තරුණියන් අපමණය. මේ සියල්ලටම වඩා දුෂ්ට හා භායනක වන්නේ ෂාපි දොස්තරගෙන් අහුවුන සිංහල ස්ත්‍රීන්ගේ ගර්‍භාශ වලට කරණ හානියය. සිසේරියන් කර සිංහල අයට එක මැහුමකුත්, මුස්ලිම් අයට මැහුම් දෙකකුත් දමන බව එලිවිය. නර්ස්ලාගේ ඇසට වැලි ගසා මොහු කල ක්‍රියා එලිවී ඇත. මුස්ලිම් පිරිමි බිළිදෙක් ඉපදුන විට එය උඩට උස්සා මොහු දෙවියන්ට ස්තුති කරනවා යයි නර්ස්ලා දුන් ශාක්‍ෂි ශානි අබේසේකරලා විසින් යටපත් කර අසුවිය! ගර්‍භාශ බිත්තිය ගෝෂ් කෑල්ලකින් තදින් පිසදැමීමෙන් පවා යම් ස්ත්‍රියක් වඳභාවයට පත්‌විය නොහැකිදැයි සැකයක් පවතී. ඔහුට විරුද්‌ධව ඇති බලවත්ම ශාක්‍ෂිය නම් ඔහුගේ ක්‍ෂණික වීර සැත්කම් වලට ලක්‌වු සිංහල ස්ත්‍රීන්ට නැවත දරු උපත් සිදු නොවූයේ මන්ද යන්නය.

ගඩාෆි හා යසර් අර්ෆත්

ගර්‍භාෂ යුද්‌ධය ආයුධයක් වශයෙන් යොදාගන්නට යසර් අර්ෆත් ට සිදුවූයේ ඊශ්‍රායල් හා ඇමෙරිකන් යුද බලය ඉදිරියේ ඔහුට වෙන කිසිම වරණයක් නොතිබුණු නිසාය. කැටපොල් වලින් ගල්කැට විද සතුරා මෙල්ලකල නොහැකි නිසා මෙය එක්තරා අන්දමට ගාන්‌ධිගේ අවිහිංසා උපක්‍රමයක් වැනිය. එහෙත් 1976 දී, ගඩාෆි විසින් ලංකාවේ පාරවල සල්ලි විසිකරමින් ලංකාව මුස්ලිම් කරන්නට කල යෝජනාව ඊට වෙනස්‌ය. මෙහි බරපතලකම නම් ක්‍රමාණුකූලව, අරාබි තෙල් ඩොලර් යොදවා ලංකාවේ නොයෙක් ස්ථානවල ඉඩම් මිලදී ගැනීමය. අන්තිමට, නුවර ඉතුරුවෙන්නේ දළදා මාළිගාව පමණයි යන කියමණක් සේපාල් අමරසිංහගේ විඩීයෝවක සඳහන් විය. නුවර-කොළඹ පාර දිගටම මෙසේ මුස්ලිම්කරණය වෙමින් පවතී. මෙය නැවැත්‌විය හැක්කේ සමහර රටවල මෙන් නීතියෙන් මිස, ජාත්‍යාලයට ආයාචනා කිරීමෙන් නොවේ. පවතින මිලට වඩා හතරපස් ගුනයකින් ඉහල මිලක් දෙනවා නම් තම ඉඩම නොවිකුණන සිංහලයින් සිටීද?

මුස්ලිම්-ශාරියා බලකොටු

කොරෝනා වේදී එලිවූ කරුණක් නම් ගම් වශයෙන් එක් රැස්වී ජීවත්වන මුස්ලිම් ප්‍රජාව රටේ නීතියත් නොසළකා හැසිරෙන ආකාරයය. බණ්ඩාරගම අටළුගම එක් වාර්‌තාවුණ උදාහරණයක් පමණය. පානදුර ප්‍රදේශයේ, සරික්කම්මුල්ල, තොටවත්ත, එළුවිල යනාදී වශයෙන් තනිකර මුස්ලිම් ගම්මාන තුන වෙනුවට දැන් එවැනි ස්ථාන රාශියක් ඇත. සහරාන්ලා එකතුකල කඩු මේ ගම්මානවලට නොවේද? එවැනි ගම් හා පන්සල් අතර ඇත්තේ වැටෙන් වෙන්‌වු දුරවල්‌ය. යම් ස්ථානයක ජීවත්‌වන මුස්ලිම් ජන සංඛ්‍යාව තවත් ජාතියකට සාපේක්‍ෂව ස්වල්ප නම් හිස පහත් කරගෙන සිටීමත්, එක සමාන නම් කරට කර සිටීමත්, බහුතරය නම් ඒකාධිපති ලෙස හැසිරීමත්, පැහැදිලිව පේන රටාවක් බවට ලෝකය පුරාම නිදසුන් ඇත. අරාබි අකුරෙන් බෝඩ් ඇති කාත්තන්කුඩිය ගැන මොහොතකට සිතන්න. හැම් මුස්ලිම් බහුතර ස්ථානයකම හිතුවක්කාරී ලෙස තම බලය ප්‍රදර්‍ශණය කිරීම දක්නට නොලැබේද?

ගර්‍භාශය කුලියට ගැනීම

විද්‍යාවේ දියුණුව සමඟ මේ වන විට දරුවන් නැති විවාහක ජෝඩුවක භාර්‌යාවගේ ගැබ්ගැණීමේ ප්‍රශ්ණයක් ඇත්නම්, ජීව කළලය වෙනත් ස්ත්‍රියකගේ ගර්‍භාශයේ තැන්පත් කර දරුවා ලබාගත හැකිය. මේ අනුව යමින් මුස්ලිම් ශාරියා පිරිමින් කරන්නේ ගර්‍භාශය කුලී භාණ්ඩයක් වශයෙන් භාවිතා කිරීම නොවේද? එසේ නැත්නම් එය කඩුවක් කර ගැනීම නොවේද? යම් රටක, ජාතියක බොහෝ දරුවන් සිටිනා මවකට ගරු කරන්නේ මනුෂ්‍යත්‌වයේ නාමයෙන් මිස රටක්, ගමක් අල්ලා ගැනීමේ යන්ත්‍රයක්, යුද ටැංකියක් සේ සළකා නොවේ. බෞද්‌ධයින්ට අනුව මිනිසත් බවක් ලබාගැනීම දුර්ලභ සංසිද්‌ධියකි නිසාය. මුස්ලිම් මැණික් මුදලාලිලා මෙන්, ශාරියාකාරයින්, ශාෆිලා ඇතුව හෝ නැතුව ස්ත්‍රීන් දරු ඉල්ලම් බවට පෙරලා ඇත. ජෙරමි බෙන්තම්ගේ යුටිලිටේරියනිසම් අනුව, ස්ත්‍රිය භාණ්ඩයක් සේ විය. ඔහුට අනුව යමෙකු විවාහකර ගන්නට පෙර සළකා බලන්නේ එහිදී ලැබෙන වාසි හා අවාසි කිරා මැණ බැලීමය. විහාර මහදේවී, සෝමා දේවී, පත්තිනි දේවී උතුම් කොට සළකණ සිංහල සමාජයකට මේ ශාරියා ධර්‌මය අරහං නොවන්නේද?

සිංහලේ කියූ රට කෝ?

අනාදිමත් කාලයක සිට මේ දිවයින සිංහලේ යයි හැඳින්‌වූයේ එය සිංහලයාගේ රට වූ නිසාය. ජපානය, ජපනාගේ, ජර්‌මණිය, ප්‍රංශය, රුසියාව යනාදී වශයෙනි. මෙවැනි පසුබිමක් යටතේ රටේ සිටි හා ඉන්නා මෝඩ දේශපාලකයින් ශ්‍රී ලාංකික කතාවක් බදාගෙන දඟලන්නේ ඇයි? බොහෝ දුරට ප්‍රඥාවෙන් හැසිරෙන නාගානන්ද කොඩිතුවක්කු පවා මෙහිදී මෝඩ හැසිරීමක් පෙන්‌වයි. ඔහුට අනුව ඔහු බලයට ආ දවසක ලංකාවේ උප්පැන්න සහතික වල ජාතිය ලෙස සඳහන් කරන්නේ, සිංහල, දෙමළ, මුස්ලිම් යනුවෙන් නොව <ශ්‍රී ලාංකික> යනුවෙනි! දෙමළ මිනිසුන්ට ටැමිල්නාඩ ඇත. ආගම අනුව මුස්ලිම් කියා හඳුන්වන මුස්ලිමුන්ට අරාබිය හා මැදපෙරදිග ඇත. සිංහල කියන නම ඉවත්කල විට සිංහල ජාතියට වන්නේ කුමක්ද?

ශ්‍රී ලාංකික යන පදය ගසන්නේ සංහිඳියා කෙහෙළ්මලකට නොව, මේ දිවයිනෙන් සිංහල බෞද්‌ධ සංස්කෘතිය, ශිෂ්ටාචාරය නැතිකිරීමට බව සිංහලයයි කියාගන්නා මෝඩ පාලකයින්ට නොතේරේ. ඒකීය, නොබෙදුණු, එක්සත්, එක්සේසත්, ඔරුමිත්තනාඩු යන නම් අස්සේ දුවන ලේබල් එක නම් මේ ශ්‍රී ලාංකිකයින් යන ලේබල් එකය. එහෙත් දෙමළ, ඉස්ලාම්, මුස්ලිම් දේශපාලන පක්‍ෂ අහෝසි කරන්නේ නැත. සිංහලයා, විශේෂයෙන් සිංහල බෞද්‌ධයා හිත හොඳ ගෑණීය. එසේ නැත්නම්, ට්‍රජඩි ඔෆ් ද කොමොන්ස් සංකල්පයේ කොමොන්ස්‌ය. පොදු දේපලය. සිංහල විරෝධී හැමෝම ඉන් කෑලි කඩාගෙන එය විනාශ කරන්නට සදන ගමන්, අපි හැමෝම ශ්‍රී ලාංකිකයින් යයි කියමින් සිටී. සිංහල පොකුණේ ඉවුරේ සිට දෙමළ, මුස්ලිම් බට දමා එහි වතුර බොමින් පොකුණ හිස්කරන්නට ක්‍රියාකරමින් සිටී. සම්බන්‌ධන්, සුමන්තිරන්, විග්නේෂ්වරන්, රවුෆ් හකීම්, මරික්කාර්, රිෂාඩ්, අසාත් සාලි, මුජිබර් රහමාන්, කබීර් හෂීම් යන මේ අය කරන්නේ එය නොවේද? රනිල්, සජිත්, රාජිත, චන්ද්‍රිකාලා කරන්නේත් එයම නොවේද? අවාසනාවකට මෙන් පො‌හොට්ටු පක්‍ෂයේද මීට අසුවූ අය සිටිති. 1924 තර්ම් අතීතයේ සිටම ලංකාව අරාබිකරණය කිරීමේ ව්‍යාපාරයක් තිබූ අයුරු මීට පෙර ලිපිවලින් පෙන්‌වා දී ඇත. මේ වන විට සිදුවන්නේ ඒ අහිංසක සේ ගෙනා අරාබි භාෂාව, ආගම ඉගැන්‌වීම, මද්‍රසා හරහා ශාරියා-ඉහ්වාන් වාදයට යටවී යාමය.

සිතියම කියන කතාව

මේ සමඟ ඇති සිතියම කියන්නේ මේ පසුබිමේ නිහඬ කතාවය. 2010 හෝ 2015 සිතියමක් ග්‍රාම නිලධාරී වසම් හෝ චන්ද මධ්‍යස්ථාන මට්ටමෙන් පිළියෙල කලොත්, මෙම මුස්ලිම් ජන ව්‍යාප්තියේ භයානක කම පෙන්වනු ඇත. උදාහරණයක් වශයෙන්, තෝරාගත් ප්‍රදේශවල පසුගිය අවුරුදු 10 තුල ඉඩම් විකිණීම් හා ඒවා මිලට ගත් අයගේ නම් අනුව සිතියම් ගත කලොත්, ඉඩම් අල්ලා ගැනීමේ ශූක්‍ෂම ශාරියා ප්ලෑන දැනගත හැකිය.

මේ සමඟ ඇති සිතියමේ කොලපාටින් පෙන්වන්නේ 10,000 ට වැඩියෙන් මුස්ලිම් ජනයා සිටින ප්‍රාදේශීය ලේකම් ප්‍රදේශ 48 ය. තද කහපාට, 5,000 සිට 10,000 අතර ප්‍රදේශ 36 ය. ලා කහපාට, 1,000 සිට 5,000 අතර ප්‍රදේශ 96 ය. සුදු පාට 1,000 ට අඩු ප්‍රදේශ 135 ය. මෙවැනි සිතියම් වල ඇති දුර්‍වලතාවය නම් සිතියම පෙන්වන දේට වඩා දේවල් එහි තුල සැඟවී තිබිය හැකිවීමය.

ප්‍රමාද නොකර සෞඛ්‍ය නිර්දේශ ගැසට් කරන්න – කැෆේ ඉල්ලයි

July 12th, 2020

මාධ්‍ය ඒ්කකය කැෆේ සංවිධානය

මහ මැතිවරණයට අදාල සෞඛ්‍ය නිර්දේශ  ගැසට් කිරීම ප්‍රමාද කිරීම මඟින් බරපතල තත්වයක් ඇතිවිය හැකි බව කැෆේ සංවිධානය කියයි. එම සංවිධානයේ විධායක අධ්‍යක්ෂ අහමඩ් මනාස් මකීන් මහතා අවධාරනය කලේ පවතින අවධානම්කාරී සෞඛ්‍ය වාතාවරණය මත මහමැතිවරණය පැවැත්වීම සදහා වන සෞඛ්‍ය නිර්දේශ වහා ගැසට් කළ යුතු බවයි. එසේ නොකළ හොත් එක් අතකින්  යළි රට තුළ  බරපතල සෞඛ්‍ය අවධානමක් ඇතිවන බවත්, ඊට අමතරව මහමැතිවරණ‌යේ ඡන්දය ප්‍රකාශ කිරීමේ ප්‍රතිශතයට පවා බලපෑම් කල හැකි බව ඒ මහතාගේ අදහසයි.

අදාල සෞඛ්‍ය නිර්දේශ නිකුත් කිරීම පමණක් ප්‍රමාණවත් නොවන අතර ඒවා බලාත්මක කිරීම සඳහා එම නිර්දේශ වහා ගැසට් කිරීම අනිවාර්ය බව කැෆේ සංවිධානයේ විධායක අධ්‍යක්ෂ වරයා  පෙන්වා දෙයි. එම සෞඛ්‍ය නිර්දේශ පිළිබඳ සෞඛ්‍ය අංශ, සහ බලධාරීන් පමණක් නොව ජනාධිපති වරයා පවා එකඟතාව පළ කර තිබුනද ඒවා සාර්ථකව ක්‍රියාත්මක වන තත්වයක් දක්නට නොලැබේ.  මෙවැනි තත්වයක් මත ගෙන් ගෙට යාමේදී. සහ  ජනහමු පැවැත්වීමේදී ආදි කටයුතු වලදී අනුගමනය කළ යුතු  සෞඛ්‍ය නිර්දේශ කොසලකා හරිමින් බොහෝ දේශපාලන පක්ෂ හා අපේක්ෂකයින් කටයුතු කරන ආකාරය දක්නට ලැබෙන බව කැෆේ විධායක අධ්‍යක්ෂ වරයා පෙන්වා දෙයි.

මේ වනවිට කොරෝනා වසංගතය යලි හිස එසවීමේ අවධානමක් ද මතුව ඇති  අතර  මේ නිසා තවදුරටත් කල් නොදමා වහාම අදාල සෞඛ්‍ය නිර්දේශ ගැසට් කිරීමට කටයුතු කළ යුතු බව  කැෆේ විධායක අධ්‍යක්ෂ වරයා අවධාරණය කරයි.

මාධ්‍ය ඒ්කකය                                           

කැෆේ සංවිධානය                                           

Coronavirus count in Sri Lanka climbs to 2,612

July 12th, 2020

Courtesy Adaderana

Five arrivals from Belarus have tested positive for COVID-19 raising the total number of cases reported in the country.

Thereby the tally of virus-positive cases in Sri Lanka is now at 2,612, stated the Department of Government Information.

A total of 620 patients infected with the virus are currently under medical care, as per a tally of the Epidemiology Unit of the Health Ministry.

Meanwhile, the total figure of recoveries in Sri Lanka has risen to 1,981.

The country has confirmed 11 deaths due to the virus infection.

President Gotabaya Rajapaksa’s advice to farmers

July 12th, 2020

Courtesy Hiru News

President Gotabaya Rajapaksa called upon the farming community to increase the supply of finished agricultural products for export, so that they can earn higher profits.

The re-export of pepper has been completely stopped. Therefore, the President advised the farmers to export the pepper in the form of seeds, powder or any other finished product. President Rajapaksa further pointed out that more foreign exchange earnings could be made by adopting the value added methodology.

President+Gotabaya+Rajapaksa%27s+advice+to+farmers+

The President made these remarks joining public gatherings at Hasalaka, today (12) organized in support of the candidates of Sri Lanka Podujana Peramuna (SLPP) contesting the upcoming Parliamentary election.

The public gatherings held at Ududumbara Hasalaka Nawarathna Ground and Hasalaka weekly fair grounds were organized by the former State Minister Lohan Ratwatte. The President instructed the farmers not to fall prey to middlemen, and to take steps to sell their paddy harvest at government controlled prices.

President Rajapaksa told the villagers that the government has already taken necessary measures to provide solutions for the issue of human- elephant conflict.

The President also paid his attention to the lack of safe drinking water which affects the people living in Minipe.

The public also apprised the President regarding the issues relating to the teacher shortage in schools and the inconvenience faced by children due to the non-availability of a school in Hasalaka area with educational facilities up to G.C.E Advance Level Examination.

The former Governor Sarath Ekanayake was also present on this occasion.

Three (03) more persons confirmed for Covid -19: SL Country total increases to 2,615

July 12th, 2020

Courtesy Hiru News

Three (03)more persons have tested positive for Covid-19 (new coronavirus) infection.

The country total has increased to 2,615 according to the latest information by the Epidemiology Unit of the Ministry of Health.

Covid-19 Situation Report as at 2020-July-11| compiled according to the Health Promotion Bureau and the Epidemiology Unit data
Total confirmed cases – 2,615
Recovered and discharged – 1,981

Five (05) more persons confirmed for Covid -19: SL Country total increases to 2,612

Five (05) more persons have tested positive for Covid-19 (new coronavirus) infection.

Two (02) more persons confirmed for Covid -19: SL Country total increases to 2,607

සටන් කොහෙද අප හට ජය ගන්න බැරි.

July 11th, 2020

චන්ද්‍රසේන පණ්ඩිතගේ

මැතිවරණ උණුසුමින් ශ්‍රී ලංකා භූමි තලය , උණුසුම්ව ඇත. වර්ෂ 1815 න් අවුරුදු 200 කට පසුව,එනම් 2015දීද සතුරා යලිත් මේ බිම ජයගත්හ. එදා උන් ලද ජයග්රහණයද, වර්ෂ 1815 යටත්විමට සමානවූ ක්‍රියාවලියකි.ඔවුන් ජයපැන් බොමින් මුළු රටම අගාධයකට තල්ලු කර දැමුහ. ඒ යුගයට අපි “යහපාලනය”.යයි කියමු. යහපාලනය ගොඩනැංවීමට දායකවූ සියල්ලන්ම ජාතික සතුරන්ය, අපි එදා සිට මෙදා දක්වා අඛණ්ඩව මෙරට ජනතාව සමග හිදිමින් ඔවුන්ව දැනුවත් කරමින් මේ පරගැති සතුරු බලකායට එරෙහිව සටන් කළහ. ඒ,මෙරට ජීවත්වෙන සියලුම දේශප්‍රේමී බලමුළු සමග අතිනත ගනිමින් කල සටනකි.   

ජාතික බලවේගය නම්වූ ජීවමාන මහා සත්වයාගේ ශරීරයේ කුඩා ශෙෙල වන අපට කලහැකි කාර්යභාරය අල්ප වුවත්, එය ඉතා නිවැරදිව කරන විට ඇතිවන්නේ මහා බලයකි. එය එකාබද්ධවූ විට ඇතිවන්නේ යෝධ බලයකි. එසේ නිර්මාණය වූ යෝධයා, 2019 නොවැම්බර මස 18 වෙනිදා උදෑසනින් අවදිව, චන්ද මධ්යස්ථානයට ගොස් සිය යුතු කම මනාව ඉටු කර ගෝඨාභය රාජපක්ෂයන්ව මෙරට ජනාධිපතිවරයා වශයෙන් පත්කර ගත්හ. 2015 ජනවාරි මස 8 වෙනිදා චන්දය භාවිතා කල ලක්ෂ 57කට තවත් ලක්ෂ 12ක් එකතු වෙමින් ලද මේ මහා ජයග්‍රහණය, අපි තව තවත් ශක්තිමත් කල යුතුය. ඒ ලබන අගෝස්තු මස 5 වෙනිදාට පැවැත්වීමට නියමිතව ඇති මහා මැතිවරණය තුලිනි.

මෙරට ජනතාව දැන් සිදුකල යුත්තේ, රටේ සිදුවෙමින් පවතින ක්‍රියාවන් පෙළගස්වා, එම  සිද්ධිදාමයන් ඉතා විමසිලිමත්ව බලා යතාර්ථය අවබෝධකර ගැනීමයි. ජනතාව සිටගත යුත්තේ කා වෙනුවෙන්වත් නොව තමන් වෙනුවෙන්ය. වඩාත් පැහැදිලි ලෙස කියනවා නම් අප මියගිය පසුවද පවතින මේ රට වෙනුවෙන්ය, එහි ජීවත්වීමට සිටින අපේ අනාගත පරපුර වෙනුවෙන්ය. ඒ අධිෂ්ඨානයෙන්, මේ තරඟ වදින කණ්ඩායම් සම්බන්ධව පුර්ණ ගවේෂණයක් කල යුතුය.එසේ ගවේෂණය කරන විට අපිට පෙනෙන්නේ මොනවාදැයි අපි විමසා බැලිය යුතුය..

එක්සත් ජාතික පක්ෂය දෙකඩව ඇත. ඒ,
1, රනිල් පිල
2. සජිත් පිල වශයෙනි.
3, සියලුම මුස්ලිම් බලවේග, ද්‍රවිඩ අන්තවාදී කොටස්ද සජිත් සමග එක පිලක සිටගෙන ඇත.
4.සජිත් හිතවාදී මෛත්‍රිපාල සිරිසේන ප්‍රමුඛ ශ්‍රී ලංකා නිදහස් පක්ෂය පොහොට්ටුවෙන් තරඟ වදී.
5. ජනතා විමුක්ති පෙරමුණ වෙනම තරඟ වදී
6 තවද,.ඉතිහාසයේ දුෂිතම මැතිවරණ කොමිසම යටතේ මේ මැතිවරණය පැවැත්වීමට සිදුව තිබේ.
7. 2015 මහා මැතිවරණයේදී ජනතාව විසින් පරාජය කර පලවා හැරියද මෛත්‍රිපාල විසින් ජාතික ලැයිස්තුවෙන් පාර්ලිමෙන්තුගත කල කණ්ඩායමද, යලිත් පොහොට්ටුවෙන් තරඟ වැදීමද අතිවිශේෂිත කරුණකි.
8.වතුකරයේ ජනතාව නියෝජනය කරන දේශපාලන පක්ෂ

මේ අපි දකින්නේ සතුරු පිලේ ක්‍රීඩකයින් හෙවත් යහපාලනයේ ක්‍රීඩකයින් මෙදා ස්ථානගතකර ඇති ආකාරයයි.

ජාතික බලවේග කණ්ඩායම,

1. පොහොට්ටුවේ ආරම්භක බලවේගය
2. ජාතික නිදහස් පෙරමුණ
3.මහජන එක්සත් පෙරමුණ.
4.පිවිතුරු හෙළ උරුමය
5.යුතුකම සංවාදය,
6,වියත්මග
7. එළිය සංවිධානය

ආදී වශයෙන් පෙළ ගැසී ඇත.
 
ජාතික බලවේගයට සදාකාලික සතුරෙක් සිටි. එබැවින් සතුරාගේ ක්‍රීඩකයින් කොතැනක සිටියද, අප සිදුකල යුත්තේ ඔවුන්ව පරාදය කිරීමයි. මේ පණිවුඩය අපිට කියා දෙන්නේ, “භගවත් ගීතාවයි”. අපි අනුකම්පා විරහිතව සතුරාව විනාශ නොකොළොත්, ඒ සතුරා විසින් අනිවාර්යෙන්ම අපිව විනාශ කරන බව භගවත් ගීතාවත්, අපේ ඉතිහාසයත් අපට යලි යලිත් කියා දෙයි. අපි, සතුරාට නොනගිටිනසේ, ප්‍රභාකරන්ට දුන් ආකාරයේ ප්‍රහාරයක් දිය යුතුය.

දැන් අපි අධ්‍යනය කල යුත්තේ මේ ප්‍රහාරය සිදුකල යුත්තේ කෙසේද යන්නයි.

එක්සත් ජාතික පක්ෂයේ සජිත් පිල හා රනිල් පිල වශයෙන් බෙදා ඇත්තේ, රනිල්වත් සජිත්වත් නොවන බව පළමුව තේරුම් ගත යුතුය. මේ බෙදීම සිදුකරන්නේ අපි නොදකින ඔවුන්ගේ හාම්පුතාලා විසිනි. මේ හාම්පුතාලා එක්සත් ජාතික පක්ෂයට සිදුකර ඇති විනාශය අතිප්‍රබලය. ඔවුන් ප්‍රේමදාස ජනාධිපතිව ඝාතනය කිරීමේ පටන් ගාමිණි දිසානායක, ලලිත් ඇතුලත්මුදලි ඇතුළු ප්‍රබලයින් රැසක් ඝාතනය කර රනිල් වික්‍රමසිංහයන්ට එක්සත් ජාතික පක්ෂයේ නායකත්වයට පත්කර ගත්තේ මුළු රටම ඔවුනට ලබාදීමට සුදානම් එකම නායකයා ඔහු බව අවබෝධ කරගෙන සිටි නිසාය. එතෙක් පටන් මේ දක්වා රනිල්, තමන් දන්නා, තමන් හොදින්  දකිනා කිසිදු දෙයක් නොකළ අතර, අප නොදකින ඒ හාම්පුතා කියන දෙය පමණක්, ඉටුකරන නායකයෙක් බවට පත්විය. ඒ අනුව ඔහුට, 2002 අගමැති ධුරය ගත් විගසම, සිදුවුයේ, රටේ ජනතාවට දුන් පොරොන්දු සම්බන්ධව ක්‍රියා කිරීමට නොව සිය හාම්පුතුන්ගේ ඕනා එපාකම් ඉටුකිරීමය.

1. බලය ගත විගසම ඔහුකලේ, කොටි සමග සාම ගිවිසුම අත්සන් කිරීම.
2. මිලේනියම් සිටි පාවාදීම හරහා සියලුම බුද්ධි අංශ ක්‍රියාකාරීන් නිරාවරණය කොට කොටින්ට ඔවුන්ව ඝාතනය කිරීමට මන් විවර කරදීමටයි.
3.අද පාර්ලිමේන්තුවේ අගය කතාකරන ඔහු එදා ඔහුගේ බලය යටතේ තිබු පාර්ලිමේන්තුවටවත් සාම ගිවිසුම් යෝජනාවලිය ඉදිරිපත් නොකළේ, සිය හාම්පුතුන්ගේ බලපෑම් මතය. හාම්පුතුන්ගේ මේ බලපෑම් ක්‍රියාවලියට ඔහු අකමැති වුවත් එසේ කිරීමට ඔහුගේ නොකැමැත්ත කියා පාවෙ, එම ගිවිසුම අත්සන්කර ඒ පර සුද්දා අතට පත්කරන අවස්ථාවේදී, සුද්දා අතට අත දුන්නද එය නොදැක්කා සේ අතට අත දීමෙන් වැලකි සිටීම තුලිනි.
4.එදා සියලු ආරක්ෂක කටයුතු බාරව සිටියේ ජනාධිපති චන්ද්‍රිකා කුමාරතුංග වුවද ඇය දන්නේ නැතිව මේ සියලු කටයුතුවිම කියා පාන්නේ රනිල්ට රටේ නීතියවත්, ව්යාවස්තාවවත් මේ කිසිවක් කිරීමට බල පාන්නේ නැති බවයි. එදා මේ මහා බලයක් ඇති විධායක ජනාධිපති සිටියේද අධිරාජ්‍යවාදීන්ගේ කුණු බක්කියේ බව අපට ඉතා පැහැදිලිව දක්වයි.
5. නමුත් විධායක ජනාධිපතිකම අහෝසිකිරිම යන කතිකාව ජනතා විමුක්ති පෙරමුණ, තුලින්, සමාජ ගතකලේ, රටට ආදරය කරන ජනාධිපතිවරයෙක් බලයේ සිටින විට එදා කල සෙල්ලම් කිරීමට ඉඩ නොලැබෙන බව දන්නා බැවිනි.

6. කෙසේ වෙතත් එක්සත් ජාතික පක්ෂය යනු මේ රටේ ජනතාවට විශාල සෙතක් ඉටුකළ දේශප්‍රේමීන්ගෙන් බලකදවුරක් වූ බැවින්, අද එම පක්ෂයට චන්දය දෙන අය සිදුකල යුත්තේ, ඒ පක්ෂය තුල සිටින වඩාත් ජාතිකවාදී ප්‍රතිරුප බලයට ගෙන ඒමයි. නමක් සඳහන් කරනවා නම්, රුවන් විජේවර්ධන වැනි පුද්ගලයින් බල ගැන්වීමයි.

7. කිසිදු සිංහල මිනිහෙක් එක්සත් ජාතික පක්ෂයෙන් චන්ද ඉල්ලන කිසිදු මුස්ලිම් ජාතිකයෙකුට චන්දය නොදිය යුතුමය. ඒ අන්තවාදය එක්සත් ජාතික පක්ෂයත් රටත් ජනතාවත් විනාශ කර ඇති බැවින්, එයට  පාඩමක් ඉගැන්වීම සඳහා ජාතික බලය ඔවුනට පෙන්වාදීම කලයුතු බැවිනි. එය එක්සත් ජාතික පක්ෂයට චන්දය දෙන සිංහල මිනිසුන් කලයුතු කටයුත්තකි.

දැන් පොහොට්ටුව තුල සිටින සතුරන් සම්බන්ධව කතාකරමු. අපේ චන්ද දායකයෝ කාගේවත් සාක්කුවේ සිටින චන්ද දායක පරපුරක් නොවේ. එබැවින් මෛත්‍රීපාල සිරිසේන, පොහොට්ටුව සමග සම්බන්ධවී ඇත්තේ, පැමිණ චන්ද ලක්ෂ 14ක් සමග යන මිත්‍යාවෙන් අප කණ්ඩායම මිදිය යුතුය. අපේ විශ්වාසය වන්නේ මෙවර ජනාධිපතිවරණයේදී ඔහුගේ චන්ද ගෝඨාභය රාජපක්ෂයන්ට නොව සජිත් ප්රෙමදාසයන්ට හිමිවූ බවයි. මේ මැතිවරණය තුලින් මෛත්‍රිපාල කණ්ඩායම ඔවුන් සතු සැබෑ ශක්තිය එලි දක්වනු ඇත. කෙසේ නමුත් මෙරට ජනතාව සතුරන්ට ප්‍රභල දඬුවමක් ලබාදෙන බව අපි විශ්වාස කරමු. එය කල හැක්කේ 2015 පරාජයේ සිට ජාතික බලවේගය සමග මේ දක්වා සිටින මිනිසුන්ව පාර්ලිමේන්තුවට යැවීම තුලින් පමණි.

එසේ කලද නොකලද මහින්ද රාජපක්ෂ බල කදවුර මෙවර මැතිවරණය ජයගන්නා අතර දැන් සතුරන්ගේ එකම අභිප්‍රාය වී ඇත්තේ, 2/3 බලයක් ලබා නොදීමය. එසේ ලැබුනද නොලැබුනද ව්යාවස්තාවෙන් ජනාධිපතිවරයාට ජනතාව හා බද්ධවී කටයුතු කිරීම සඳහා ජනමත විචාරණයක් කැඳවීමට ඉඩ කඩ විවරව ඇත. රුසියාවේ පුටින් කලාමෙන් මෙරට ජනමත විචාරණයක් මගින් ඉදිරිකටයුතු මෙහෙය වීමට ඇති බව සටහන් කරමු.

ජනතා සටනට ජයවේවා!

A narrative of deep commitment to two beloved countries-Lord Naseby’s SRI LANKA- Paradise Lost Paradise Regained

July 11th, 2020

Review by Neville Ladduwahetty Courtesy The Island

The title of this book comes from a line in an epic poem by John Milton on England’s Civil War. Although the book is a narrative of the many contributions by the Author to further the interests of Sri Lanka, it is more about the armed conflict and its aftermath that attempted to alter the political future of Sri Lanka. Therefore, it is fitting that the Author chose a line from a poem that deals with a Civil War that defined the political future in his own country – the United Kingdom. The link is intriguing because the Author decided to identify himself with Naseby – a village in Northampton South, that was the constituency from which he, then Michael Morris, was elected as a Member of the British Parliament for twenty years. Even more so is the fact that Naseby is where the historic Battle of Naseby took place as attested to in a letter from Oliver Cromwell dated 1645 informing the Speaker of the victory of England’s Civil War. This battle at Naseby that defined the end of England’s Civil War resulted in altering the political character of England for all time.

The book was first published by Unicorn Publishing Group in 2020. It includes Forewords by The Rt. Hon. Baroness Boothroyd, House of Lords, and by a former President of Sri Lanka, H.E. Chandrika Bandaranaika Kumaratunga, together with a narrative covering Nineteen Chapters and Appendices divided into three Sections.

Michael Morris’s abiding interest and fascination with Sri Lanka, which he repeatedly refers to as “my beloved country”, can only be understood from the experiences and relationships he and his young family forged when he assumed duties as Marketing Manager of the Reckitt & Colman Group in Ceylon. Equipped with an Upper Second degree in Economics from Cambridge, Michael Morris and his young wife Ann and baby arrived in Sri Lanka in May 1963.

One of those special relationships that had a profound and lasting influence on Michael’s young life and future was with the late Anandatissa de Alwis who was the head of J Walter Thompson. What started out as a telephone call and an invitation to dinner to inform Michael that he intended to contest the next election was the turning point for both, and as it turned out, for Sri Lanka too. According to Michael, “Both of us found the evening a really stimulating experience as we bounced ideas off each other, so much so that we arranged to meet every Tuesday evening to talk politics and electioneering. Towards the end of my stay he said: “You should think of entering UK politics as you clearly have quite a bit to offer” (Chapter Two). Continuing, he states, “I owe him a huge thank you for sowing the seed that eventually germinated on 28 February 1974 when I was elected MP for Northampton South with a majority of 179” (Chapter Two). “However, it might never have happened had not my dear late friend Anandatissa de Alwis played tennis, given me dinner regularly and discussed the prospects of standing for election to the Parliament later successfully becoming the Speaker of the Sri Lankan Parliament. I only became First Deputy Speaker to the UK Parliament but he ‘lit the lamp” (Chapter Nineteen).

These deeply felt sentiments expressed by Michael Morris, now Lord Naseby, reflect a deep sense of gratitude to his dear late friend for lighting the lamp that launched his political career in UK, which became his launching pad to devote a lifetime to help Sri Lanka in every possible way.

Most Sri Lankans know of Lord Naseby as the valiant soldier who undaunted by all the challenges thrown his way by the UK bureaucracy, persisted and secured the dispatches sent by UK’s Military Attache in Sri Lanka, Lt. Col. Anton Gash under provisions of the UK Government’s Right to Information Act. Notwithstanding all these efforts that spanned from March 2014 until May 2016, he received “fifteen dispatches – claiming to be all there were – covering thirty-eight pages” of highly redacted material (Chapter Sixteen & Appendix VII). The relentless effort expended by him reflects his persistence to secure vital material with which to challenge the charge of war crimes leveled against the Sri Lankan Government and its Military.

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Most Sri Lankans are not aware of his other contributions to further the interests of Sri Lanka. With a view to establishing bonds between the UK Government and Sri Lanka, he created the All-Party British Sri Lanka Parliamentary Group in the early 1970s which he claims “was not easy for a new boy”. Furthermore, it was a particularly difficult time to promote such a Group in the background of political volatility in Sri Lanka coupled with the policies of the then Government under Prime Minister Mrs. Bandaranaike, that nationalized tea estates and introduced other socialist measures. Despite these challenges, his persistence was rewarded when he was voted Chairman in June 1975 at the inaugural meeting of the All-Party British Sri Lanka Parliamentary Group (Chapter Three). This position gave him access to the political establishments in UK and Sri Lanka.

With the election of Hon. J.R. Jayewardene as Executive President of Sri Lanka in 1977, and the election of the Conservative Party in UK with a huge majority and Mrs. Thatcher as the Prime Minister in 1979, the environment was ripe to foster the interests of Sri Lanka. According to his narrative “Mrs. Thatcher was advised …to pull out of the Victoria Dam Project. I asked her a question at Prime Minister’s Question Time and as a result she invited me to Number 10 to explain why the UK should continue with this very expensive project which had been initiated by Labour’s Judith Hart MP. I was not in marketing and advertising for nothing. I made my case, was listened to by the PM and thanked with the words: Well done – you have convinced me” (Chapter Four). At the ceremonial opening of the Project Mrs. Thatcher stated that the Victoria Dam Project was “the largest single oversees aid project ever undertaken by Oversees Development Administration” (Appendix 1). It was Michael Morris MP who made it happen.

Michael’s attempt to get the BBC External Service to have an external service in Sinhala similar to the Tamil broadcast because his Tamil friends had indicated to him that the BBC service in Tamil was biased in favour of Eelam, failed. His reaction was: “So much for the impartiality of the BBC” (Chapter Five).

However, undaunted by this failure he and his friend Gamini Dissanayake, jointly engaged in a project that was dear to the hearts of both. That was to work out a strategy to get Sri Lanka into the ICC. Their strategy was to “divide the task with Gamini as Chairman of Sri Lanka Cricket Board tackling India, Pakistan, Australia and New Zealand whilst I agreed to lobby the MCC – the guardians of the game of cricket – the Minister of Sports and all the High Commissioners in London whose country played Test cricket. Between us we must have done a good job, for it was announced in 1981 that Sri Lanka was elected to full Test status” (Chapter Five).

Chapter 11 deals with the December 2004 Tsunami and how he and his wife did not hesitate a moment to promptly offer their help to Sri Lanka and the Maldives. Their joint contribution to cope with the unprecedented challenges presented by this traumatic experience was recognized by “the award of the Sri Lanka Ratna – the highest award that can be given to a foreigner” by Sri Lanka’s President Chandrika Bandaranaike Kumaratunga,

The remaining Chapters with the exception of the final Chapter titled “Reflections”, deal with many topics such as: Peace Talks; Indian intervention; Democracy in Reality; Despondency All Round; The war; Post war view in Sri Lanka and the view Overseas; Creating the chance to Succeed; Freedom of Information Act; War Crimes and The LTTE and other groups. It is evident that the focus of the book was on the Sri Lanka’s armed conflict and its aftermath.

On a personal note, it was particularly gratifying for me to find Lord Naseby objecting to accepting “Violations of Human Rights Law”. Continuing he states “This ignores the self-evident fact that this was a war between the democratically elected and legitimate Government of Sri Lanka and a terrorist group, the LTTE. The law that must operate is the law of armed conflict otherwise known as International Humanitarian Law. The European Convention on Human Rights upon which the British Human Rights Act is based is wholly inappropriate for application in combat and battlefield conditions” (Chapter Fifteen).

The support for International Humanitarian Law as the Law to judge the conduct of Sri Lanka’s armed conflict is of particular interest to me because I have been advocating such a position consistently since 2008. The advocacy of International Humanitarian Law as the most appropriate law to judge the conduct of the Sri Lankan Armed Forces and the LTTE, was advanced by me during my presentation to the Lessons Learnt and Reconciliation Commission (LLRC). Regrettably though, no Government of Sri Lanka thus far has accepted this recommendation and advocated it in any of its official statements.

Reading the book was a rewarding experience particularly because of the attention one has to pay to style and detail when reviewing a book. The repetition one notes when reading the book is inevitable because of the overlap of events and reference to personalities. The daunting question he leaves for future generations to address is to find the “match to light the lamp” for the West to better understand Sri Lanka.

On the other hand, since patience and time has a way of healing thorny issues, the image of Sri Lanka in the West too would normalize with time. Persistence in handling issues with prudence and patience will win out in the end.

The message that one gets about the Author is that he is deeply committed to causes that he passionately believes in, thus reflecting a level of integrity and single minded purpose in all issues he sets his mind to and undertakes. This attitude enabled him to stand by those who made an impact on his life.

The fact that Michael MorrIs MP, later Lord Naseby, held a positions of significant importance in the UK Government, gives the reader a unique exposure to the inner workings of his Government to a degree that few outside would have the privilege to know. Furthermore, the fact that he had access to the highest echelons of power in the Governments of both the UK and Sri Lanka gave him a rare platform to pursue his objectives and those of both Governments. One such incident was when his Government wanted him to contact President Jayewardene and canvass the support of Sri Lanka on the Falklands issue. The other was to convince the UK Government to undertake its largest single overseas aid project – the Victoria Dam.

Consequently, this book is not the usual book on communal politics and power sharing arrangements, or about the armed conflict and post conflict issues. Nor is it about the national question and the continuing work of the Tamil diaspora in the West, written from either a national perspective or as an outsider’s narrative. Instead, the book is unique in that it is a narrative by one who was posted to Sri Lanka and who developed deep and abiding personal relationships during his stay which enabled him to take advantage of his considerable influence both in UK and Sri Lanka for the betterment of mutually beneficial interests to both countries and its Peoples. As he says in the final Chapter titled “Reflections”, his “motivation to write the book was to record my experiences of a country which captivated my imagination…and I was driven by one simple principle: wanting to help the people of Sri Lanka”. These motivations make the book an unusually enriching experience, not only to read but also as a historical record of his efforts to influence British and Sri Lankan relations.

Poll nears, campaigners play up India rhetoric in Sri Lanka

July 11th, 2020

Meera Srinivasan Courtesy The Hindu

With the campaign for Sri Lanka’s August general election heating up, India and its role in resolving the lingering national question have begun figuring prominently in the election discourse, especially in the Tamil-majority north and east.

Addressing a recent public meeting, the Tamil National Alliance’s (TNA) former parliamentarian S. Shritharan said: India is watching us closely, pointing to inadequacies in our campaign, they tell us you should be a formidable force, and work with hill-country Tamil leaders, only then we [India] will be able to pressure Sri Lanka.”

To be such a force”, the TNA needs to garner at least 20 seats, he said. His remark comes at a time when the alliance is grappling with visible tensions within. India has not commented on Sri Lanka’s general election.

Asked about his remark, Mr. Shritharan said: I said that in Jaffna. I was making a point about the need for the TNA to stand united and emerge legitimate representatives of the people again, for us to be able to engage with India.”

In the August 2015 parliamentary polls, the TNA secured 16 seats in the 225-member legislature. Its leader R. Sampanthan was the Leader of Opposition until December 2018, when current Prime Minister Mahinda Rajapaksa succeeded him, after the then-President Maithripala Sirisena triggered a constitutional crisis by abruptly sacking former Prime Minister Ranil Wickremesinghe.

Currently campaigning in the eastern Trincomalee district, Mr. Sampanthan recently told Tamil media that the international community and Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi are standing behind us [TNA]”.

Referring to External Affairs Minister S. Jaishankar’s visit to Colombo immediately after President Gotabaya Rajapaksa’s big win in the November 2019 presidential election, and to the President’s and Prime Minister’s respective visits to New Delhi, Mr. Sampanthan said India had, on all three occasions, underscored the need for the Sri Lankan government to resolve the Tamil question, based on justice, equality and dignity”.

Talks in Delhi

TNA spokesman and former legislator M.A. Sumanthiran has also been referring to India in his pocket meetings — the Election Commission has banned big rallies due to COVID-19 — in the Northern Province, comparing the current poll context with that in 2010. At that time, the TNA fought the election after the candidate we backed for Presidency [Sarath Fonseka] lost, just like this time. But we won 14 seats and were subsequently invited to New Delhi to hold talks with the then-Prime Minister Manmohan Singh. In that meeting, PM Singh advised us and the Rajapaksa administration to hold discussions and we held at least 18 rounds of talks after that,” he said.

However, rivals and critics of the TNA have criticised the alliance’s contestants for misleading” the Tamil people that the international community or India would back them”. The sentiment — shared by some on social media — is in line with a growing view among sections that New Delhi has been less vocal about Tamil concerns, and more preoccupied with its own geopolitical interests in the island.

On the other hand, citing the 13th Amendment to Sri Lanka’s Constitution — born out of the Indo-Lanka Accord of 1987 — that remains the only substantive legislation on power devolution to the provinces, the TNA maintains that New Delhi’s role is crucial.

Meanwhile, India also figured in a recent controversy in the south when Colombo port unions and Opposition party JVP objected to Sri Lanka giving away” the East Container Terminal to India. Ceding control” of national assets to foreign countries” has been a recurring concern voiced by nationalist groups in the Sinhala-majority south.

Speaking at campaign meeting, Prime Minister Mahinda Rajapaksa said his government had conveyed to New Delhi that the southern Mattala Airport will not be jointly developed with India, as had been proposed by the previous government.

During my recent visit to India (in February) — and also by the President — I told them please do not take it (airport),” PTI quoted him on the airport that adjoins the Chinese-run Hambantota Port.

Another looming constitutional crisis

July 11th, 2020

by C.A.Chandraprema Courtesy The Island

  • Yahapalana domination of CC may continue till October 2021
  • -CC member Javed Yusuf openly engages in politics
  • -SLPP on a roll as opposition flounders

Last Thursday’s headline story in The Island should set the alarm bells ringing within the SLPP government. This report said that one of the three persons from outside Parliament appointed to the Constitutional Council, lawyer Javed Yusuf, had joined the group of NGOs that had come together last week to oppose the SLPP’s bid for a two thirds majority in Parliament and to revitalize the floundering yahapalana election campaign. No member of the Constitutional Council should have joined such a gathering. Even though Parliament stands dissolved, the existing Constitutional Council will remain functional not only till the next Parliament meets, but till a new Constitutional Council is formed. When it comes to the three outsiders on the CC, they hold office for a fixed term of three years. Yusuf was appointed in October 2018 and according to the wording of Article 41A(8) he will continue to hold office as a member of the CC for over another year till October 2021.

By being present at a political event, he has violated the spirit of Article 41A(5) which states that the persons who are not Members of Parliament who are appointed to the CC shall be persons of eminence and integrity who have distinguished themselves in public or professional life and who are not members of any political party. Yusuf can claim that he is not a member of any political party even though he is openly engaging in politics against the SLPP. Once appointed, however, there is no mechanism by which such an appointed member can be removed from office unless both the Prime Minister and the Leader of the Opposition form the opinion that such member is physically or mentally incapacitated and is unable to function further in office. There is no provision to remove the outsiders appointed to the CC even if they openly engage in politics after being appointed.

Who will continue into 2021?

People are used to the idea that when Parliament stands dissolved, the new Parliament that convenes after a general election will start everything afresh. That does not appear to be the way things work with the Constitutional Council which appears to stand outside Parliament as a separate body. According to the provisions in Chapter VIIA of the Constitution which was introduced by the 19th Amendment, we see that the Prime Minister, Speaker and Leader of the Opposition will sit on the Constitutional Council only so long as they hold those positions. But when it comes to the Parliamentarian appointed by the President, the two Parliamentarians jointly appointed by the PM and Leader of the Opposition, and the Parliamentarian appointed collectively by the smaller political parties in Parliament, they have fixed terms of three years.

Article 41A(8) does not specify that they will cease to hold those offices if they cease to be parliamentarians due to losing an election when they are half way through their terms on the CC. However, if any one of them ceases to be an MP after the forthcoming election, they will be debarred from sitting on the Constitutional Council by implication because the Constitution specifies that the person occupying that particular slot on the Constitutional Council has to be a Member of Parliament.

However, if such an MP who happens to be sitting on the Constitutional Council at present is reelected at this general election, then it follows that he has to continue to serve his three year term even though the new President may not want that MP to represent him, the new Prime Minister will not want to have anything to do with the two MPs appointed jointly by his predecessor and the Leader of the Opposition and the smaller political parties in the new Parliament may not want to have anything to do with the MP representing them! Nothing has been said anywhere about what happens when a Parliamentary election is held halfway into the tenures of the MP members of the Constitutional Council. All those on the Constitutional Council continue to sit on the CC through the dissolution, the election, the convening of the new Parliament and right up to the formation of a new CC under a new Speaker, a new PM and a new Opposition Leader. So what happens if the MPs who were on the CC are re-elected at this election?

According to articles 41A(8) and 41E(7) of the Constitution, the only way that a Constitutional Council member with a fixed three year term can be removed is as follows: a) if he resigns from his office b) is removed from office by both the Prime Minister and Leader of the Opposition forming an opinion that such member is physically or mentally incapacitated and is unable to function further in office c) is convicted by a court of law for any offense involving moral turpitude d) if a resolution for the imposition of civic disability upon him has been passed by Parliament and e) if he without obtaining prior leave absents himself from three consecutive meetings of the Constitutional Council.

As of now, the Constitutional Council is made up of the following members: Speaker Karu Jayasuriya, Prime Minister Mahinda Rajapaksa, Opposition Leader Sajith Premadasa, the President’s nominee Mahinda Samarasinghe, Bimal Ratnayake representing the smaller political parties, Talatha Athukorale and R.Sampanthan as the joint nominees of the PM and Opposition Leader and the three non parliamentarians, Jayantha Dhanapala (who resigned recently and has not yet been replaced), Naganathan Selvakumaran and Javed Yusuf.

Of these individuals, Mahinda Samarasinghe has joined the SLPP so if he gets re-elected to Parliament, there will be no issue with him continuing to represent the President till the end of his three year term. If he does not get re-elected the President can nominate another MP to represent him in the CC. Of the two MPs that the PM and Opposition leader are supposed to appoint jointly, Mr Sampanthan had been nominated to that position after he lost the position of Leader of the Opposition to Sajith Premadasa. It follows that if he is re-elected to Parliament as he certainly will, he will continue to be on the CC. The MP representing the Prime Minister is UNP/SJB Parliamentarian Talatha Atukorale who will continue on the CC if she is re-elected to Parliament. Then there will be the two outsiders Javed Yusuf and Naganathan Selvakumaran who were both appointed in October 2018 by the yahapalana Prime Minister and the yahapalana Opposition Leader.

The next Speaker’s burden

So even after trouncing the yahapalana presidential nominee and winning this general election, the country would still not be rid of the yahapalana Constitutional Council. Of the existing ten members of the CC, there is the possibility that apart from Javed Yusuf and Naganathan Selvakumaran, Bimal Ratnayake, Talatha Atukorale and R.Sampanthan could still be sitting on the CC after the general election as well – that’s five already. Then the opposition leader will be a yahapalanite which means that six of the ten members of the CC will be yahapalanites and this situation will continue till October 2021. This has very serious implications.

The Constitutional Council is the body that decides who will sit on important commissions like the Election Commission, the Public Service Commission, the National Police Commission, the Audit Service Commission, the Human Rights Commission, the Commission to Investigate Allegations of Bribery or Corruption, the Finance Commission, the Delimitation Commission and the National Procurement Commission.

The Constitututional Council also has veto powers over the appointment of the Chief Justice and the Judges of the Supreme Court, the President and Judges of the Court of Appeal, the Members of the Judicial Service Commission, other than the Chairman, the Attorney-General, the Auditor-General, the Inspector-General of Police, the Parliamentary Commissioner for Administration (Ombudsman), and the Secretary-General of Parliament. What we are now faced with is the possibility that till the last quarter of 2021, we will be saddled with a Constitutional Council which does not represent the will of the people. The two thirds majority that the SLPP is asking for is not a luxury but a necessity.

Due to the possibility of the continuation of a yahapalana majority in the Constitutional Council, the defeated yahapalanites may be able to stuff the independent commissions full of yahapalanites just as they did earlier in 2015. According to Article 41B, when the Constitutional Council recommends persons to be appointed to the independent commissions, the President has to make those appointments within 14 days of receiving the recommendations. If he fails to do so, the persons so recommended will be deemed to have been appointed as the members of the said Commission and the person whose name appears first in the list will automatically become its chairman.

The Elections Commission appointed at the end of 2015, will be completing its five year term at the end of this year. One can only imagine what could happen if the yahapalanites are able to continue to have a majority in the Constitutional Council. The Speaker of the next Parliament will have to be a very strong individual who will not take any nonsense from the Constitutional Council if the yahapalanites still have a majority in it after the election. According to Article 41E(1) the CC is required to meet at least twice every month. But such meetings have to be summoned by the Secretary- General to the Council only on the direction of the Speaker who will be its Chairman. If the worst case scenario materializes and the new SLPP government is saddled with a yahapalana majority Constitutional Council, the Speaker will have to keep it under control until October 2021 when a new CC can be appointed in the proper manner laid out in the 19th Amendment.

The very fact that a sitting member of the Constitutional Council could openly join a political movement at an election shows the dire situation this country is in. Due to a providential piece of luck Javed Yusuf did not get to partner Ratnaveevan Hoole in the three member Elections Commission in 2015. After winning the parliamentary election of August 2015, the yahapalana camp divided up the positions in the government and the opposition among themselves with the TNA assuming the leadership of the opposition and the JVP taking over the position of chief opposition whip. The three non-parliamentarian members of the Constitutional Council were chosen by Prime Minister Ranil Wickremasinghe and Opposition Leader R.Sambandan which basically meant that all three were yahapalanaites.

A yahapalana Parliamentarian who may be sitting on the Constitutional Council has every right to join any political movement he likes because he is an elected representative of the people and he is sitting on the CC in his capacity as an MP. However it’s a very different matter when unelected members of the CC openly engage in politics. To be sure if the Constitutional Council had been constituted in the proper manner with Prime Minister Ranil Wickremasinghe and Mahinda Rajapaksa (the leader of the largest opposition group in the 2015 parliament) deciding on the nominees, this situation would have been very different. Proponents of the 19th Amendment may argue that the Constitutional Councils appointed in 2015 and 2018 were aberrations and that the CC was never meant to be constituted in the way it was under yahapalana hegemony.

Indeed it was an aberration which places an added onus on the so called distinguished personalities appointed from outside Parliament to the Constitutional Council to make up for that by their exemplary conduct. But what we are seeing is the very opposite.

Lackluster election campaign

Victory for the SLPP at this election is a foregone conclusion and the holding of the general election may not be disrupted despite the discovery of an unexpectedly large Covid-19 cluster in a rehabilitation centre in Kandakadu. The discovery of this cluster was a reminder to everyone that we are not through the woods yet. However similarly large clusters were found among returnees from overseas but the spread of the disease has so far been successfully contained. By now the health authorities would have mastered the way of imposing localized lockdowns to contain outbreaks. The health guidelines issued for the election were based on the assumption that the Covid-19 threat was still ongoing, so the proper implementation of the same will enable the election campaign to go ahead without interruption.

With just over three weeks to go for polling day, the only visible signs of enthusiasm in this campaign are to be seen at meetings of the SLPP attended by the President and PM. The opposition parties appear to be struggling to maintain the momentum of their campaigns. Covid-19, the split in the UNP and the certainty of defeat at this election have all taken their toll on the UNP’s breakaway group the SJB. However, there always is a greater level of activity in breakaway groups of political parties which appears to be missing in this case. There was even the report that the feverish attempts to get the Gazette notification dissolving Parliament cancelled was to allow the estanraged factions of the UNP to patch up and contest as one entity as the prospects of both factions would be bleak if they contested separately.

This in fact may be why the NGO community got together to oppose the government’s bid to obtain a two thirds majority as recounted earlier. Personalities not seen in public after 2015 have emerged out of the woodwork to salvage what they can out of the shambles of the yahapalana experiment. There is the possibility that the efforts of the NGO community may depress the opposition campaign even further. That would be the equivalent of the SLPP having figures of the past like Sajin Vaas and Mervyn Silva on their stages. Be that as it may, the election campaign overall is so devoid of dynamism and the adrenalin factor that though we are in the midst of an election, the evening news bulletins start not with politics but with the arrest of hitherto unkown underworld figures and the like – a very unusual situation indeed. The situation is such that one fears for the voter turnout at this election. Something will have to be done in the remaining three weeks to get the adrenalin pumping in order to bolster voter turnout.

I’ll make country safe from drugs and underworld: PM

July 11th, 2020

Lahiru Pothmulla Courtesy The Daily Mirror

I will take action to put an end to underworld activities and the drug menace which had intensified during the tenure of the previous government, Sri Lanka Podujana Peramuna (SLPP) Leader, Prime Minister Mahinda Rajapaksa said today.

He told a SLPP rally held in Horana that the people in this country and especially the young generation face grave difficulties because of underworld activities and and drugs that a spreading across the country.

Drug smuggling has increased to such an extent that the institutions set up to curb the drug menace and seize drugs have been infiltrated by drug smugglers. Drug smuggling and underworld activities being operated from within the prisons is a serious problem we face and the President has taken action to prevent this,” the Prime Minister said.

Mr. Rajapaksa said the new government will pledge its fullest support to the President’s drug eradication programme and underworld activities.

I will launch and continue the investigations into drug-ralated activities and will reveal information about drug smuggling and underworld activities,” he said.

Russia selects Sri Lanka & 12 countries for resuming international flights

July 11th, 2020

Courtesy The Daily Mirror

The Russian authorities have made up a list of 13 countries including Sri Lanka that Russia can resume flights to at the first stage of the resumption of international flights.

The list of countries that meet epidemiological safety requirements include the UK, Hungary, Germany, Denmark, Italy, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Finland, Vietnam, China, Mongolia, Sri Lanka.

On Thursday, Russian consumer safety watchdog Rospotrebnadzor sent the list to the Transport Ministry of and the Federal Air Transport Agency. This is according to the watchdog’s letter that is available to TASS.

Earlier on Thursday it was reported that the operational headquarters for preventing the spread of coronavirus in Russia supported the proposal of the Transport Ministry, the Federal Air Transport Agency and Aeroflot to resume international air traffic in two stages.”It is possible to consider these countries as candidates for resuming flights at the first stage,” the letter says.

The letter also indicates that “Rospotrebnadzor assessed the epidemiological situation in countries in accordance with the criteria” established by the service earlier.

Earlier Thursday, TASS, citing the minutes of the headquarters meeting, reported that the operation staff agreed with the consumer safety watchdog on the approach to assessing the epidemiological situation in foreign states when deciding to resume air communication with them.

The watchdog proposed considering such criteria as “the rate of increase in the incidence of a new coronavirus infection over the past 14 days and the prevalence rate of this infection, as well as a possible additional criterion – the incidence rate of a new coronavirus infection over the past 14 days per 100,000 people).”Since March 27, Russia completely closed its regular and charter international air service, carriers and conducted only special flights for the return of Russians from abroad.

සජිත් එ.ජා.ප.යට කළ දේ අගමැති කියයි…

July 11th, 2020

Courtesy Adaderana

Cases soar to 2,511 as 43 more test positive for COVID-19

July 11th, 2020

Courtesy Adaderana

Sri Lanka has confirmed 43 more fresh cases of COVID-19 as at 11.50 pm on Saturday (11), increasing the total number of patients to 2,511.

Thirteen patients have been detected from the Treatment and Rehabilitation Centre – East in Kandakadu and the rest of the 30 cases are close associates of the former, the Department of Government Information said.

Further, four returnees from the United Arab Emirates and one from Kuwait, who are under quarantine, tested positive for the novel coronavirus on Saturday (11). 

In addition, 02 patients from Welikanda, 05 from Rajanganaya and one each from Habaraduwa and Lankapura were identified. These cases were also confirmed to be close associates of the Kandakadu Rehabilitation Centre’s inmates who had contracted the disease.

Thereby, 57 positive cases of COVID-19 were detected within the day.

Out of the total cases count, 520 patients infected with the virus are currently being treated at hospitals while 1,980 patients returned to health.

Previous government have not used the loans for any development work – PM

July 11th, 2020

Courtesy Hiru News

Prime Minister Mahinda Rajapaksa alleges that although his government took loans and carried out development activities, none of the loans obtained by the previous government have been used for development work.

The Prime Minister was addressing a rally in Nupe, Matara today in connection with a series of public meetings to confirm the victory of the candidates of the Sri Lanka Podujana Peramuna contesting the forthcoming general election from the Matara District.

MCC Agreement Sri Lanka: Translate & Publish in Sinhala & Tamil

July 11th, 2020

When the Cabinet spokesmen continuously makes controversial statements and does not apologize for the mistake, it is natural for citizens to be anxious given that most Governments have not only fooled the public, but have made enough and more decisions that have proven detrimental to the sovereignty of Sri Lanka and has burdened the tax payer as a result of shady deals ventured into in secret. The MCC Agreement was first made public after much public outcry by the previous government who even omitted 2 vital pages that was later inserted and found in the website of the Finance Ministry.  There are varying commentaries made on the MCC and much of that is due to the fact that neither the MCC nor the previous government saw fit to translate the Agreement so that the citizens of this country who speak Sinhalese and Tamil could read and understand it. However, it is the onus of any government to make available a document as serious as that of the MCC in the medium that the people of Sri Lanka are conversant with. Even of the handful of English speaking and English understanding people in Sri Lanka only 2% have probably read the Agreement & understood the dangerous contents in it. However, it is the right of the citizens to know what their elected Government is signing claiming to be for their good. Therefore, the Government must immediately get the Government translator to translate the MCC Agreement into Sinhala and Tamil. The Government has given the Cabinet a further 2 weeks to study the MCC Agreement & provide their comments. How many in the Cabinet are able to read, understand English and make their observations or reservations in English? When the Constitution itself clearly says where there is any doubt the Sinhala translation will prevail, it is imperative that the MCC Agreement is translated into Sinhala & Tamil.

Finance Ministry website: MCC Agreement (with missing pages 12 & 13 later inserted)

http://treasury.gov.lk/documents/10181/519892/MCC+Rescan1.pdf/a5d28fac-22cc-4139-a88e-a37311bafb6b

The US Embassy website in a list of notes and factsheets on its website has factsheets translated inboth Sinhala & Tamil but not the agreement 

The US Embassy website does have the MCC Agreement link and note how it has been saved (MCC Agreement with the consent of the Attorney General) Incidentally, the present Chief Justice was the AG the document is referring tohttp://treasury.gov.lk/article/-/article-viewer-portlet/render/view/mcc-agreement-drafted-with-the-consent-of-ag

If the US embassy can get the factsheets & brief summaries translated into Sinhala & Tamil, why didn’t they translate & publish the MCC Agreement too? 

https://lk.usembassy.gov/mcc-fact-sheets_/

Be that as it may – none of these factsheets or briefs come anywhere near to what the contents of the Agreement holds in English format and it is essential that the ENTIRE MCC AGREEMENT is TRANSLATED INTO SINHALA & TAMIL for all the citizens to read, debate and make their observations and reservations public. This is what open discussion and democracy is all about.

Simply presenting a version in English and expecting 99% of the country to whom English is foreign to understand and accept it is totally unacceptable.

In fact, when the Gunaruwan Committee presented its report in the majority language, those who ran to demand the English translation of it remained silent about demanding the MCC Agreement to be in Sinhala & Tamil. Why?

Is there a reason why the MCC Agreement is being kept only in English?

Is the translation in Sinhala & Tamil versions not being presented because the public in reading the Sinhala or Tamil versions will realize the dangers in particular the Maha Sangha?

The present Government that assured the voters during the run-up to the Presidential election that no strategic assets of the country would be sold or no detrimental agreements would be signed must now undo the damage done by the previous government and take the interests of the country & its citizens first above pleasing any foreign party that had ventured into an agreement in secret.

Therefore the onus is on the present Government to immediately task the Government Translator to translate the MCC Agreement and all associated documents (Constraints Analysis etc) into Sinhala & Tamil and have it made available in electronic & print format for the citizens to read and understand and make their observations.

Shenali D Waduge

Mattala Airport is not for sale

July 10th, 2020

By Garvin Karunaratne

Prime Minister Mahinda Rajapaksa has made the difficult decision not to sell the Mattala Airport to India.  It is the right decision and he deserves to be congradulated. 

I wrote about how the Mattala Airport and the Port of Hambantota have to be activated back in 2014. That Paper is annexed because every detail of what I then wrote will hold good for today. Nothing happened in 2014 and we lost the Port during the regime of the UNP.

Let me hope that the contents of this Paper will reach our leaders President Gotabhaya and Prime Minister Mahinda. To make the Mattala Airport pay  is very simple. 

Firstly we must understand our resources.  The Chena cultivators in Hambantota and Moneragala have to be activated to plant melon, red pumkin, ash pumkin. A Marketing Department has to be re established with two of their earlier programmes- the vegetable and fruit purchasing scheme and the Cannery.  The MD can be created overnight. The cost of creating it can be recouped within the very first year from the profits that come in by the purchase of veg and fruit that is supplied to the Cannery. 

A Cannery has to be set up. A medium scale Cannery has to be imported and assembled. My take is that it can be done within three to four months judging at the speed I worked at Matara in 1971..

The produce is already there the chena cultivators will produce all the Red Pumpkin, Ash Pumpkin we need and Melon to make all the fruit Juice and Jam and within one year we will be self sufficiuent in Jam and Juice. The foreign exchange we spend to get imports of Jam and Juice today wil leasily match the production we make. We can grow Tomatoes and be self sufficient in items like Tomatoe Sauce.

If I can find the equal of Assistant Commissioiner Oswald Tillekeratne  we can even export pineapple. He was in charge of the Cannery. We then exported 8% of our pineapple products.

I have seen children in Lunugamvehera running behind my car to sell us mangoes. Our crop of Mangoes is vast and half goes waste as we pluck to the ground.

The Mattala Airport is to be used to export the products.

That is easily the way ahead. Someone in the Administrative Service has to be put in charge.

If there is none to bell the cat I can undertake, though lingering in my Eighties I can undertake that job.. A place in the Administrative Service or an assignment will do that trick. Establishing a Marketing Department, a Cannery and getting it going will be far easier a task than establishing the Youth Self Employment Programme in Bangladesh which I did in 1983 when working as a consultant.

If anyone confronts and tells that this cannot be done. I will be there if intimated.- ([email protected] hotmail.com)  Once I had a two hours’ duel with the highest officer in Bangladesh- the Secretary to the Treasury who contested my statement that I will establish a self employment programme. He quoted the International Labour Organization’s failure to establish a self employment programme after trying for three years and getting down experts from all over. The Minister who presided at our duel Air Vice Marshall Aminul Islam, the Minister for Labour and Manpower was convinced of my arguments and immediately approved my establishing a self employment programme. An entire Department of Youth Development took orders from me and within nineteen months I established the programme and also trained the staff to continue it. Today that Programme is the premium employment creation programme in the world and has by now guided three million youths to become self employed. Establishing a Marketing Department and a Cannery is a far simpler task. If I had failed I would have been court marshalled for wasting funds, as it was a military government

It will be a pleasure to work for my Motherland. and I am dead certain that the task of establishing a Cannery can be accomplished and our country can also be self sufficient in all jam, Juice, Sauce and many more items that are imported today. 

A Rural Renaissance in the Offing
Posted on January 12th, 2014 in Lanka Web

By Garvin Karunaratne

My travel to Kataragama in December 2013 took me to the Mattala Mahinda Rajapaksa Airport and via the new road that is being built through Lunugamvehera Tank to Kataragama.  .

Bid to observe Black Tigers’ Day signals attempt to revive LTTE in Sri Lanka

July 10th, 2020

By Camelia Nathaniel/Daily News

Sri Lanka will be in danger unless the masterminds located in Europe, UK. Canada and Australia are neutralized by governments there, says Camelia Nathaniel

Bid to observe Black Tigers’ Day signals attempt to revive LTTE in Sri Lanka
the LTTE flag being hosted at the Black Tigers’ Day commemoration at Sydney on July 5, 2020

Colombo, July 9: The LTTE network overseas has been planning a series of attacks in Sri Lanka since the war ended in May 2009. The latest attempt to disrupt peace and stability in Sri Lanka was on July 4, 2020.

A former member of the Tamil Tigers, Thangarajah Thevathashan, was preparing to conduct a bombing to mark Black Tigers’ Day on July 5. The foreign handlers knew Thangarajah Thevathashan by his LTTE name Gangai Athman alias Kavinjan. He was serving in the LTTE Intelligence wing, notorious for assassinating several leaders including the former Indian Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi.

Thevathashan’s Improvised Explosives Device (IED) exploded prematurely in a house at Iyakkachchi, Kilinochchi, in Northern Sri Lanka on Saturday July 4, 2020. He was about to take the bomb and other things to Mullaithivu to plan an attack to mark the Black Tigers’ day. If not for the premature explosion of the bomb, the terrorists organized by Thevathashan would have carried out their plans to mark Black Tigers Day.

The Context

The Black Tigers are members of the LTTE Suicide Squad. The LTTE drew inspiration from the Lebanese Hezbollah’s bombing of the US marine barracks and the French paratrooper HQ bombings in Beirut on October 23, 1983. The two truck bombs struck the buildings housing American and French service members of the Multinational Force in Lebanon (MNF), a military peacekeeping operation. 307 people including 241 US and 58 French military personnel, six civilians, and two attackers were killed.

The first Black Tiger, Vallipuram Vasanthan, alias Capt.Miller, drove a truck laden with explosives into the army camp at Nelliady, Jaffna on 5 July 1987, killing and injuring 40 Sri Lankan soldiers. Immediately afterwards, LTTE cadres attempted to overwhelm the camp but the soldiers fought back. Although the LTTE tried to coach and coerce his mother, Kamaladevi Vallipuram, to say that her son died a hero, she lived a sad life.

Thevathashan lived with a school teacher from Iyakkachchi who was also arrested by the Terrorist Investigation Division (TID). A former terrorist, she shared the same ideology of creating a mono-ethnic separatist state in the North and East of Sri Lanka. Together, they radicalized a network of youth who were arrested. In their house, the police found two bombs and detonators.

Thevathashan was first admitted to the Kilinochchi Hospital. However, as his condition worsened, he was transferred to the Anuradhapura Hospital. He succumbed to his injuries on July 8.

A member of the LTTE Intelligence wing, Thevathashan was instructed by his foreign handlers to surrender to the Sri Lanka Army in May 2009. Although he joined the rehabilitation program, he did not genuinely repent, regret and express remorse. He continued to work for the LTTE network overseas. The rehabilitation program had a follow up component where those who were reintegrated were visited. But from 2015-2019, there was virtually no follow up. Furthermore, the military was recalled to the barracks and security and Intelligence platforms were weakened. The neglect of Intelligence and security by the Wickramasinghe-Sirisena regime led to a revival of LTTE activity.

Thevathashan also infiltrated the newly formed Crusaders for Democracy (CFD), a political party of former terrorists who abandoned separatism and wanted to build good relations with Sinhalese and Muslims. However, the leadership and membership of the Crusaders for Democracy felt uncomfortable with Thevathashan as he continued to promote the separatist agenda.

Background

With the defeat of the LTTE in May 2009, the LTTE international network that supported the terrorist campaign, changed its strategy. A part of the network started to masquerade as human rights activists and campaigned against Sri Lanka in Geneva. The entire world knew that the LTTE engaged in ethnocide of Sinhalese and Muslims in the North and the East. Another part of the LTTE international network started to fund LTTE’s un-rehabilitated members in Sri Lanka to conduct terrorist attacks.

In response, the Sri Lankan government listed 16 LTTE proxy groups and 424 individuals – March 21, 2014. LTTE activities overseas diminished significantly from March 2014 until the Yahapalanaya Government delisted a number of LTTE proxy groups and individuals in November 20, 2015.

Dead Black Tigers being worshipped by LTTE acolytes in Sydney, July 5, 2020

The de-listed organizations were Global Tamil Forum (GTF); British Tamil Forum (BTF); National Council of Canadian Tamils (NCCT); Tamil Youth Organization (TYO); World Tamil Coordinating Committee (WTCC); Canadian Tamil Congress (CTC); Australian Tamil Congress (ATC); Tamil National Council (TNC).

The following organizations remained proscribed despite efforts by Mangala Samaraweera, the Foreign Minister of the Yahapalanaya government to delist them too. Organizations which are still banned are: the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE); Tamil Rehabilitation Organization (TRO); Tamil Coordinating Committee (TCC); World Tamil Movement (WTM); Transnational Government of Tamil Eelam (TGTE); Tamil Eelam Peoples’ Assembly (TEPA); World Tamils’ Relief Fund (WTRF) and Headquarters Group (HQG).

Delisting the LTTE organizations overseas prompted LTTE remnants to revive the LTTE by enlisting Tamil youth both at home and abroad to work for terrorism and separatism.

With the delisting of LTTE affiliates, LTTE activities grew. As the LTTE threat overseas was not contained by the host countries, the pace of LTTE activity grew from 2015-2019. Eventually, LTTE became bold and called for delisting of the LTTE in the UK, Canada, US, India and other countries.

The LTTE is now planning to rebuild its clandestine military capabilities both abroad and in Sri Lanka. It necessary for the current Sri Lankan government to review the activities of LTTE affiliates delisted by the then Foreign Minister Mangala Samaraweera and relist them under UNSC Resolution 1373.

Recent Developments

The LTTE front, cover and sympathetic organizations overseas also attempted to infiltrate Jaffna university. However, the university teachers and students informed the police the identities of the organizers. The organizers received funds from LTTE affiliates overseas to mark Black Tigers’ Day.

The LTTE front, cover and sympathetic organizations that were delisted in 2015 by the Yahapalanaya Government radicalized and recruited the student bodies to organize the event. Although student participants were asked to offer flowers and light candles in front of the pictures of the dead Black Tigers, most refused.

Interviews conducted by the police and the Intelligence officers reveal that the LTTE continues to pose a threat to peace and security in Sri Lanka. Operating in Europe and North America through front, cover and sympathetic organizations, the LTTE continues to radicalize and fund Tamil youth to engage in violence.

Much of Sri Lanka’s fight to cripple the LTTE network will be in Canada, UK, continental Europe and Australia. In 2006, the European Council placed the LTTE on the EU list relating to frozen funds of terrorist organizations and has maintained them on that list ever since, referring to, inter alia, decisions of the Indian authorities.

The LTTE contested their maintenance on the list in the European Court. They submitted that their confrontation with the Government of Sri-Lanka was an ‘armed conflict’ within the meaning of international law, subject only to international humanitarian law and not to anti-terrorist legislation.

The LTTE seeks legitimacy in the West despite its past of ethnic cleansing that is reminiscent of the Nazis and its preponderant use of suicide terrorism that has now become a global challenge.

The Wickramasinghe government’s strategy of appeasing separatists did not help contain the threat. The delisting of the LTTE front, cover and sympathetic groups has created an environment and a bridge for the flow of propaganda and funds from overseas to Sri Lanka.

Unless Europe and UK act decisively, the present threat will grow in the immediate (1-2 years) term, and in the mid-term (2-5 years) reversing the peace and stability Sri Lankans, especially Tamils, have been enjoying since May 2009.

Welikada accident: Indictments filed against Champika

July 10th, 2020

Courtesy The Daily Mirror

The Attorney General has filed indictments in the Colombo High Court against former Minister Patali Champika Ranawaka for causing grievous Injury to a person by Rash and Negligent Acts and other charges, AG’s Coordinating Secretary Nishara Jayaratne said.

A complaint against Rangajeewa who threatened a journalist

July 10th, 2020

Courtesy Hiru News

Police Narcotics Bureau Inspector Neomal Rangajeewa has threatened and intimidated a journalist at the Colombo High Court premises this morning.

The victim was a photojournalist who had come to cover a court case.

The photographer had taken a photo of Inspector Neomal Rangajeewa at the Colombo High Court.

A+complaint+against+Rangajeewa+who+threatened+a+journalist

Inspector Neomal Rangajeewa dragged the journalist by his shirt and taken to the police post at the court premises

The aggrieved journalist has lodged a complaint with the police post at the Hulftsdorp court complex and the Colombo SP’s office regarding the incident.

Highest number of Covid-19 patients in a day – 296 persons positive for Coronavirus today

July 10th, 2020

Courtesy Hiru News

A total of 87 people at the Kandakadu Drug Rehabilitation Center have been diagnosed with coronavirus.

It was revealed yesterday that 57 people were infected with the virus and by this morning another 196 people have been identified as positive for Covid -19 infection.

In addition, 13 people who arrived in the country from overseas were diagnosed with coronavirus infection.</p>rn<p>Accordingly, the highest number of coronavirus infections reported in a day in the country was seen today with 296 patients.

The Kandakadu Quarantine Center which has been established adjacent to the Kandakadu Rehabilitation Center has been converted into a hospital to treat the corvid-19 patients.

Meanwhile, 13 people in the Ambalantota area who had visited the detainees at the Kandakadu Rehabilitation Center have been sent to self-quarantine according to the Regional Medical officer U P Malaka.

Meanwhile, 12 officers and 12 inmates of the Angunukolapelessa Prison have been sent to self-quarantine within the premises.

The 12 inmates were transferred from Welikada Prison to Angunakolapelessa Prison and it has been revealed that they had been in contact with a coronavirus infected inmate identified at Welikada Prison.

Meanwhile, two other persons who had returned home from the Kandakadu Rehabilitation Center after completing their rehabilitation were also identified in the Ratnapura District.</p>rn<p>Sabaragamuwa Provincial Health Services Director Dr. Kapila Kannangara said that 17 persons from Kuruwita, Kolonna and Embilipitiya who were in contact with him were sent for self-quarantine.

Army Commander Lieutenant General Shavendra Silva, the head of the National Action Center for Prevention of Covid 19, has urged the people to avoid any undue fear since the steps to control the socialisation of the virus has been taken.

Meanwhile, a 22-year-old youth who was admitted to Mundalama Hospital this morning has died after being transferred to the Chilaw Hospital.

It is reported that he was a drug addict and showed signs of respiratory distress while hospitalized.

Puttalam District Medical Officer Mahalingam Paskaran stated that the biological samples of the deceased have been sent for PCR tests.

Later, as a precautionary measure, it was decided to close the Mundalama Hospital but it was reopened later.

The staff in contact with the deceased have been advised not to leave the hospital premises until the PCR inspection report is received.

Meanwhile, DIG Ajith Rohana, at a media briefing in Colombo today emphasized the need for further compliance to health guidelines to prevent a second wave of coronavirus.

Meanwhile, the number of corona infections reported in the country is currently 2450 and 1980 of them have fully recovered and discharged from hospitals.

The Epidemiology Unit stated that 459 patients are still being treated at the hospital under medical supervision.

Immediate steps will be taken to eradicate the underworld and drug trafficking – PM

July 10th, 2020

Courtesy Hiru News

Prime Minister Mahinda Rajapaksa states that immediate steps will be taken to eradicate the underworld and drug trafficking from the country.

The Prime Minister said this while participating at a public meeting held in Horana.

A series of rallies were held today in the Kalutara District under the patronage of Prime Minister .

People are fed up with all parliamentarians – Ranil

July 10th, 2020

Courtesy Hiru News

UNP Leader Ranil Wickremesinghe says that the people are disgusted with all politicians since  they are not working with the best intreste of the voters.

He was speaking at a function in Colombo today.

Former Sports Minister V.A. Sugathadasa’s 47th Commemoration Ceremony was held under the patronage of UNP Leader Ranil Wickremesinghe at his statue near the Sugathadasa International Stadium in Colombo.

Law will be strictly enforced against false propaganda on social media regarding Covid infected patients.

July 10th, 2020

Courtesy Hiru News

The Police Media Spokesman stated that the law will be strictly enforced against those who make false propaganda on social media that coronavirus infected people have been found in various parts of the island.

Accordingly, the police urge the public to trust only the official announcements made by the Corona Prevention Task Force or the Director General of Government Information regarding corona virus infected patients.

Narcotics Joke – Joke is on the people!-Let the people see the narcotics destroyed – Follow the money to see who is involved!

July 9th, 2020

Ratanapala

9 Jul 2020

Apprehending large hauls of narcotics in vogue now! Though this is nothing new the pace has accelerated since the election of President Gotabhaya. This has been happening over the years now more often than ever in the history of narcotics in Sri Lanka. Throughout what has been a mystery to the public is what happens to the apprehended narcotics? Although occasionally we have seen hauls of marijuana or ganja being burnt we have not seen what happens to the stuff like – heroin, ice, and other methamphetamines – how the stuff is destroyed – if at all!

The latest news is about a haul of heroin amounting to 247 kg apprehended mid-seas. It turns out that the haul has been handed over to a few low-ranking police officers for safe custody and storage pending production as exhibits at court hearings. What has happened to this narcotics haul is now the latest news. The part has been passed over to heroin dealers and the rest reconstituted with the addition of the food additive Ajino Moto (MSG) so that alike weight can be spirited away for later distribution through drug networks concealed in rice bags!

Heroin gets sold in milligrams. Thus 247 kg is 247 million grams with a street value running perhaps into billions of Rupees. Carrying a few grams is sufficient for a person to be put behind bars for many years in many countries including Sri Lanka, I believe. In this scenario is difficult to comprehend why such a highly-priced as well as a highly dangerous haul of drugs have been handed over to a few low-ranking police officers for safe custody.

The story gets even more juicier. The latest investigations reveal that this has been the practice during the last so many years to recycle the apprehended narcotics back to the streets by the very same officers in charge with the ‘understanding’ of their superior officers – under the very snotty nose of the law! So far it has escaped the eyes of the law how those narcotics officers including who knows colluding politicians connected with drug rings are getting super-rich. Some of the palatial residences they occupy their lifestyles as well as their investments show the extent of the money spread.

Most importantly the aspect that is not easily understood is the reason why these ‘so-called court exhibits’ need to be held in totality. One would imagine in this day and age with the available technology it is possible to suitably record, photograph such materials, and only statistically representative samples kept for court exhibits. The rest of the drugs that are more dangerous out in the street almost as fissionable radioactive materials should be destroyed in a fully transparent manner that will leave no legal stone unturned for its thoroughness or veracity.

THE NEW GOVERNMENT IS ON THE RIGHT PATH. LET US BRING A NEW PARLIAMENT THAT WILL SUIT THE ADMINISTRATION OF PRESIDENT GOTABHAYA – A ONE WITH AN OVERWHELMING OVER 2/3 MAJORITY FOR THE POHOTTUWA! IT IS TIME THE AUGEAN STABLES ARE CLEANED UP!

Dear High Commissioner David McKinnon: Re: Your Canada Day Message to Sri Lanka.

July 9th, 2020

Asoka Weerasinghe (Mr) Kings Grove Crescent . Gloucester . Ontario . K1J 6G1 . Canada.

7 July 2020
Your Excellency David McKinnon
High Commissioner for Canada in Sri Lanka
33A, 5th Lane
Colpetty
Colombo 3
Sri Lanka

Dear High Commissioner David McKinnon: Re: Your Canada Day Message to Sri Lanka.

We must stand together and embrace our diversity as strength.” And you continued and said, Canada would continue to support the reconciliation process through their long-standing collaboration on national languages and by assisting with demining work,”

High Commissioner, did you not hear a chorus of Sinhlese voices responding to you saying Oya okkoma boru..boru.”  With your smattering of the Sinhalese language, I suppose you were able to translate what they said.  If you didn’t, well this is what they said, All what he said was lies..lies.”  And do you know what High Commissioner McKinnon, I agree with those Sinhalese voices 100 per cent.  What you said was a load of Diplomatic disingenuous goody-two shoes, poppycock.  But since your bellywyck is Trade, I will excuse you for your partial ignorance about Canada’s acceptance of foreigners who are non-white as equals.

Here is a splendid opportunity for you to understand without prejudice, the ingrained white policy” in employment in Canada…”to embrace our diversity as strength.”  Nonsense!   You cannot embrace an inequitable population of Asian-browns and african/west indian blacks among the Canadian-whites and tell me that is where our Strength is. 

 Ummmm….Dream on High Commissioner McKinnon.

Diversity,  of a  Canadian Doctor qualified in Canada could practise  medicine with no problem anywhere in Canada , but a Doctor qualified in Sri Lanka will be changing  bed-pans in a Senior’s Home.  Such diversity has no strength, except for disappointment, and losing one’s dignity.  And some ‘Brown’ and ‘Black’ PhDs would be taxi drivers or Security Guards.  I have met them all, That should be an exercise of a  realty check for you, and you will be amazed!.

And here are the reasons :

  1. Story No, 1.  High Commissioner, you’re wanting to embrace diversity has strength., has little currency when Canada operates a discriminatory white policy where employment is concerned.  This has gone on for donkey’s years.   Here is the Litmus test that yours-truly, this brown-man, had experienced 49 years ago at the end of March in 1971.

The  Victoria Memorial Museum in Ottawa was closed in 1969, promising the public that it will be opened with brand new exhibition Halls in a year,  They didn’t have a clue what they were talking about as they knew nothing about Museum exhibition design.

The National Museums Corporation of Canada created a Design and Display Division, to research, interpret the Natural and Human Sciences and write storylines, design and construct 15 brand new Halls for the National Museum of Natural Sciences and the National Museum of Man.  This Division was housed at 39, McArthur Road in Vanier. 

This new Division had no difficulty to fill the positions of Chief (Tom Wood -War artist), Head of Design (Jacques Saint Cyr, The designer of the Maple leaf in the Canadian flag), and Head of Administration – Retd, Army Major Charles Jessop).  But they had difficulty to fill the position of Head of Thematic Research, with liberal research- a scientist who would understand design in Canada). So they went Headhunting and found ‘yours-truly’,  Asoka Weerasinghe, a research scientist (Geology/Palaeontology), an award-winning published poet, an award-winning artist and a sculptor in England, a musician/composer on the piano.

So they invited me to come over to join the Museums Design and Display team on 2 June 1970.   I accepted the offer and left a very good paying job as a Geologist at an engineering firm, Marples Ridgway in London.

After my Canadian immigration clearance in London I arrived in Ottawa on the 16th October and started working on 1 November., 1970, At the end of March, 1971,  Tom Wood,  Jacques Saint-Cyr, Charlie Jessop and I, Asoka Weerasinghe, received letters from the Public Service Commision requesting us to come to their offices on Albert Street, to sign the papers of permanency on 1st April.  All four of us were quite pleased.

         On Wednesday, 31 March, 1971,  morning,  the phone rang at the  office, and a person from the Public Service Commission tell’s me, Mr. Weerasinghe, please ignore the letter that we sent you to come over tomorrow to sign the papers of permanency.  It was sent to you in error.”

Is this some kind of an April Fools joke. Are the other three coming over to sign the papers”, I asked.

Yes, Mr. Weerasinghe, but we have decided to open the competition for your job across Canada.” I was smarting by then.

Let’s cut out that ‘bull-shit, I said.   You guys couldn’t find anyone to fill that position, and you found me in London, England, and invited me.  I left an excellent job in London as a Geologist and here I am, and you tell me this.

If I had known that there was a White policy” in employment in Canada which Says –

If you are White, you are alright
but if you are Black stay back,
and if you are Brown stick around,

Yes, my skin colour is a beautiful shade of an Azetic-Bronze- Brown, but I won’t stick around.  And I give you until noon on Monday, to make up your mind whether you want My services or not.  If you don’t want me, I will be on the first plane back to London, England, where I came from.  Let me tell you one thing.  It was not the country Canada that made me decide to come over,  it was the creative job in the National Museums, to interpret Sciences to the public through exhibits, an opportunity that I wouldn’t have missed.  A dream that I had since I was a child in Sri Lanka, to work in a Museum.”

          Well, High Commissioner McKinnon, the National Museums  Corporation was bothered and was in an upheaval. And the issue went up to the  Corporation ‘s  Museums Directors and finally to the Deputy Minister for National Museums, Mr MacKenzie.

          On Monday, 5 April, 1971, morning the phone rang at the office.  It  was  a  staffer from the Public Service Commission, who said, Mr. Weerasinghe, we are sorry for the confusion, please  come to our offices to sign the papers.,”

          Thank you.  It was an excellent decision, as it is a Win-win situation, for me as I know I would love working at the Museums  creating 15 brand new Halls, and the Victoria Memorial Museum gains an excellent creative research-Scientist.   But please don’t tell me that there was a confusion”  about my appointment.  Rubbish! as you all knew exactly what it  was all about.  As it was all about the  beautiful  brown colour of my skin, which I am very proud of. 

          And there is one thing that you can be sure of.  It is that no  white-Canadianis going to take my dignity away because I am Brown-skinned, a member of the visible minority population.

           High Commissioner McKinnon, if you ask me the question,  Asoka after 50 years in Canada, do you think that things have changed for the better to erase your ‘Second Class citizen” attitude  in Canada, my answer is an  emphatic No”.

           And I am still waiting after 50 years in Canada for your  Manthra to happen – We must stand together and embrace  our diversity as strength.”  The time has arrived for you to go and preach it to your, hypocritical, bigot-White-Canadians, High Commissioner  McKinnon.

  • Story No. 2: If the 1971s Canadian employment policy of
     If you are White you are alright,
    But if you are Black stay back;
     If you are Brown stick around”, had improved, my lead letter to The Ottawa Citizen, on Page B5, on Saturday, August 24, 2002, would not have picked-up ink, with a 5” x 71/2” photo of mine.

Minorities in the Public Service – Let us be visible from top down Re: 1 in 5 PS recruits to be visible minority, Aug. 19.

I have waited 34 years to read a headline like this one. And I am glad of the news.  It has been a long wait.  I believe in the honesty of Privy Council Clerk Alex Himelfarb and that he is the person who will get the job done.  It certainly makes sense to hold back the performance pay and bonuses of deputy ministers and senior executives of federal departments if they will not achieve  these targets,

     Not that there is  a lack of bright, clever,  intelligent, diligent, qualified visible minority candidates waiting to enter the public service,  There are oodles of second-generation visible minority youngsters graduating from universities who can be eligible for such appointments.  And, of course, their parents, with university degrees, with years of work experience, and the cream of the crop in their professions in their home countries, can be picked like potatoes from the taxi, security, cleaning and retail industries.

     However, I hope that such recruitment will not be an exercise to cluster the new visible minority recruits at the bottom of the public-service employment scales to make up the numbers, but that they would be spread right along the ladder up to senior executive levels,

     Although I cringe and have some difficulty accepting there will be two lists for recruitment one for whites”, and another for non-white”’ – unquestionably an aparthied system – I don’t care at this point anymore, as long as the federal government, which has encouraged these visible minorities to immigrate to Canada in the first place, gives back their dignity.
Asoka Weerasinghe, Gloucester

Say what you may, High Commissioner David McKinnon, your intentions may be genuine and sincere, to say to Sri Lankans in your Canada Day message that We must stand together and embrace our diversity as strength.”  I don’t see how you could when the Canadian racist  ‘white’ bigots will not allow the Brown and Black visible minorities stand shoulder to shoulder with the Canadian-whites, that exercise will  not be possible.  Embrace” you said.  Let’s not be naive.

  •  Story No. 3.   High Commissioner McKinnon, you may have wondered why the big fuss to employ a Liberal Research- Scientist to Head the Thematic Research Section of the Design and Display Division of the National Museum Corporation, and the Public Service Commission had difficulty to accept this Brown Asian scientist who was also an award winning published poet from London, England.  And this is why.

One late autumn of 1971, Dr. William Taylor, the Director of the National Museum of Man called me into his office and told me, Asoka we are in trouble with the storyline for the Orientation Hall because the Ethnologist and the North-West Archaeologist cannot agree.

You are an anthropologist, a geologist and palaeontologist and  also and also an archeologist and poet, why don’t you hide yourself for two days at home and come up with a long poem to see whether we could break this negative spell.”

So this brown Asian-poet did as asked by Dr. Bill Taylor.   The long Poem – The Trail of Mankind was accepted as the storyline for the Orientation Hall without an addition, editing or substraction.

High Commissioner, you may recall this Hall which was on the right when you entered the Victoria Memorial Museum with a human skeleton at the entrance with a crown on its head, and the long poem was piped softly from the recesses of the ceiling and also on panels.  So this coloured brown Asian scientist-poet won the day for the National Museum of Man.  So that was all the fuss about hiring me, a coloured.  And I was not willing to let any White- Canadian take away my dignity as I am a proud coloured-Asian, proud of the colour of his skin.

4, Story No. 4.  High Commissioner David McKinnon, here is the text book example  of  proof  positive that yours and my 1975 Canada was well into practising ‘apartheid’, not allowing a Brown-coloured person to be appointed to a higher position in a Federal government Department, or a Black applicant for that matter.. .Your truly, Asoka Weerasinghe, is a brown-coloured Sri Lankan who was employed by National Museums Corporation as the Head,’

Thematic Research Section of the Design and Display Division in Ottawa.  They found me in London, England, and thought that I would fit in the position perfectly.  And I  came to Ottawa on an invitation by Canada’s National Museums Corporation.  Started working on 1 November 1970.

The first two floors of the Victoria Memorial Museum with eight brand new Halls was officially opened by Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau, on October 4, 1974.   I was assigned to  guide Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau and his wife Margaet Trudeau through the Halls.

The International Museum reviews said they were excellent.

I continued working on the brand new exhibition Halls on the 3rd and 4th floors  interpreting Canada’s Natural and Human Sciences.

I created, for Canada, exhibits of  World Class- Excellence, within the walls of the Victoria Memorial Museum on Argyle Street.

Then, the summer of June 1975 came around and there was a meeting called at the Museum of Natural Science, Interpretation Division, and chaired by the Chief of Interpretation (Al.H).  All who attended were white” Interpreters trying to create new exhibits,  After the meeting was over, the Mammologist who attended the meeting, made a beeline to my office and said ‘Watch out Asoka, they are coming at you with their daggers drawn!”.  

What really happened”, I asked.  Al, told us that,we cannot knock

Asoka’s work, but we cannot let a coloured guy tell us what to do.”  High Commissioner, if this comment is not one of raw classic ‘Apartheid’, then what is it.?” 

High Commissioner David McKinnon, this white-Canadian got my goat as no White-Canadian will try to undermine my dignity since my skin colour was that of a beautiful shade of an Azetec-bronze.   

Follow this conversation that I had with Al.H.     

Al, what’s this announcement that you made at  the meeting about exhibits, telling the interpreters to not to corporate with me, the

Head of Thematic Research Section of the Design and Display Division, by saying, ‘We cannot knock Asoka’s work, but cannot let a coloured guy tell us what to do’. 

 You  disappoint me Al.  Since we may have to work together for at least another five years, that observation of my colour should not have been brought into our work.  Especially, with my 20 white-staff minus one, the Botanist,  Dr. Fazal Mohammad, a Bangladeshi,  working on the Botany Hall.

Do you know what Al,  I am quite aware that you white-guys have difficulty to accept that I, the brown-Asian, in the Museums campus in Ottawa,  was identified by the Deputy Minister Mckenzie, to lead the Musuomobile Programme, and informed by memo to all the Directors of Museums of the Corporation.

This is going to hurt you Al, as my observation about you and of your colour is most acceptable by me – that my Brown colour is on the crown of your Head, and your White is on the sole of my feet.  

But that’s OK!   I have no reason to point it out to anyone.

So lets not be stupid about all this, and you better come down from your high-horse.  I know you seem stunned by my observation and seem that I have choked you.  And now you know where I am coming from.

Let’s shake hands, forget about all this.  I have no intention to declare war on you, and I hope you will sanitize yourself with your Apartheid’ notions about coloureds, specially me, as I won’t

take it that kindly.  Lets have some harmony at our workplace.  Al, now that you know where I am coming from, and the contributions of Excellence” that I have contributed to these exhibition Halls , let’s enjoy our Interpretive-creations and be proud of ourselves.  Yes, I’m a coloured, a Brown, and so are you a coloured, an egg-shell White,  and as a poet I could conjure the images of two beautiful people. Brown and an egg-shell White/ a halo of a heavenly delight…”

Let’s shake hands Al. Come on, let’s not be stupid. We both have

great jobs to do, and let’s enjoy it.  I have no hard feelings anymore.  Trust me.”

High Commissioner McKinnon,we were cautious from then on and

not trample each other’s toes, and we were extremely civil.

High Commissioner McKinnon, back to your comment in your Canada Day message to Sri Lankans, We must stand together and embrace our diversity as strength” is a charm for a Happy Canada. Since Canada is peppered with white- racist bigots, you will have to drum your manthra into their thick-skulls to succeed.  I don’t think it would happen in my lifetime, but I pray that it happens during your lifetime, and for you to be proud of being a citizen of non-racist- Canada.

Sincerely,

Asoka Weerasinghe (Mr)

Sri Lanka likely to ban some foreign organizations and individuals for LTTE links

July 9th, 2020

By P.K.Balachandran Courtesy NewsIn.Asia

A blast in a house in Iyakachchi in North Lanka in which an ex-LTTE cadre died, is the immediate provocation for the proposed ban

Sri Lanka likely to ban some foreign organizations and individuals for LTTE links
New South Wales MP, Hugh McDermott at the Black Tigers Day event in Sydney: Photo: Tamil Guardian

Colombo, July 8: Sri Lanka is likely to re-list some foreign organizations and individuals as terrorist” under UN Security Council (UNSC) Resolution No: 1373 following intelligence reports that a group of Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) cadres, including some rehabilitated ones, could be planning to stage suicide attacks on the lines of the Black Tigers”, a Sri Lankan expert on terrorism close to the government said.

The Lankan media said on Wednesday quoting the police, that four persons were arrested on information that there had been a plan to commemorate Black Tiger Day’ on July 5 this year with a suicide blast. Last Saturday, a bomb prematurely exploded in a house in Iyakkachchi in Kilinochchi. One of the injured is reportedly a rehabilitated LTTE cadre. He reportedly succumbed to his injuries on Wednesday.

Black Tiger Day is commemorated by the acolytes of the LTTE every year on July 5 to honor the LTTE’s first suicide bomber Vallipuram Vasanthan alias Capt. Miller, who drove an explosives-laden truck into an Lankan army camp in Nelliyadi in Jaffna district in July 5, 1967, killing anywhere between dozens of soldiers.

On April 1, 2014, the Sri Lankan government headed by President Mahinda Rajapaksa announced that it was banning sixteen organizations and four individuals under UNSC 1373, to freeze their funds, resources and assets. In addition,

As per a press release issued by the then Minister of External Affair, G.L.Peries, the Foreign Terrorist Organizations that were banned for alleged involvement with terrorism were: the LTTE; Tamil Rehabilitation Organization; Tamil Coordinating Committee; British Tamil Forum; World Tamil Movement; Canadian Tamil Congress; Australian Tamil Congress; Global Tamil Forum; National Council of Canadian Tamils; Tamil National Council; Tamil Youth Organization; World Tamil Coordinating Committee; Transnational Government of Tamil Eelam; Tamil Eelam Peoples’ Assembly; World Tamil Relief Fund; and Headquarters Group.

The foreign individuals listed were: Perinbanayagam Sivaparan alias Nediyabvan ; Rev.Fr.S.J.Emmanuel; Visuvanathan Ruthirakumaran, and Sekarampillai Vinayakamooorthy alias Vinayagam. A further 424 individuals had also been listed as terrorists and banned.

In March 19, 2015 an AFP report said that the government announced plans to remove 16 groups and hundreds of Tamils from a list of foreign terrorists” as part of an ethnic reconciliation process. The then Foreign Minister, Mangala Samaraweera, told parliament that the Rajapaksa regime had banned them to build up hysteria about an LTTE regrouping.” He further said that reviewing this list of individuals and entities is an important exercise at this juncture when the government of President Sirisena is seriously committed to expediting the reconciliation process.” Samaraweera also said that some of the 400-odd individuals list were long since dead and gone.

According to the terrorism expert quoted earlier, the Good Governance” regime dismantled the security apparatus set up after the war to keep an eye on the ex-cadres of the LTTE both in Lanka and overseas. With the result, there have been at least a dozen attempts at terrorism since the end of the war in May 2009,” the expert said.

While the LTTE’s military structure in Sri Lanka was destroyed by the Lankan forces, its shipping, commercial and political networks are still active in various parts of the world. In fact, Black Tigers Day is observed without let or hindrance in Tamil Nadu, UK, Canada, Europe and Australia.”

This year, the Black Tigers‘ Day was observed in Sydney Australia with a New South Wales MP, Hugh McDermott, as the Chief Guest. According to a report in Tamil Guardian of July 6, : Photos of 346 Black Tigers were displayed and the event ceremony was initiated by ex-LTTE cadre, Salkillai and his brother and ex-Sea Tigers training teacher, Vetharasa Dinesh, who both lit up the memorial flame.”

The Australian Aboriginal flag, the Australian flag and the Tamil Eelam national flag, were hoisted by the Transnational Government of Tamil Eelam Australian representative and member, Perinbarasa Mukunthan, New South Wales MP, Hugh McDermott and Transnational Government of Tamil Eelam Australian representative and member Kalirasa Naventhira, respectively.”

In his speech Australian MP Mc.Dermott said: As you know I was attacked by the Sri Lankan government for supporting Tamils. I want to thank the Tamil community for rallying behind me. Not only here in Australia but all throughout the world. This fight is just the beginning. We will have recognition of the genocide and the systematic discrimination of Tamils. This fight has a long way to go, the current government is full of war criminals. I stand with you. May god bless everybody who gave a sacrifice that are not here today.”

Meanwhile in Sri Lanka, with the election fever increasing, seoratist Tamil nationalism has come to the fore with politicians and aspiring candidates vying to identify themselves with the LTTE and its leader Velupillai Prabhakaran who tried to establish an independent Tamil Eelam by force of arms. The former Chief Minister CV.Wigneswaran who is a key figure in the campaign in the Tamil-majority North Sri Lanka openly stated that Prabhakaran was his younger brother” and would always be.

The terrorism expert quoted above added that apart from banning the existing pro-LTTE organizations and individuals, the Gotabaya Rajapaksa government should re-establish the security system in the North and East, which were dismantled by the previous regime.

The armed forces should be brought close to the people by getting them involved in agriculture, construction and other grass roots level development activities,” he said. (The article originally appeared in Daily Express)

Export revenue exceeds imports for the first time in SL

July 9th, 2020

Courtesy The Daily Mirror

President Gotabaya Rajapaksa has briefed the cabinet on Wednesday on the success of the economic fundamentals adopted to face the challenges posed by the Covid-19 pandemic and said Sri Lanka’s exports revenue had overtaken the imports revenue for the first time since the open economy was introduced in 1977, Cabinet spokesman and Minister Bandula Gunawardana said yesterday.

In June, Sri Lanka’s exports revenue has topped US$ 1,020 million while US$ 961 million has been spent on imports, saving US$ 59 million after four decades, Minister Gunawardana told the media at the weekly cabinet news briefing.

The government has been able to achieve this success after the imposition of import restrictions imposed soon after Gotabaya Rajapaksa assumed presidency in November last year. The Rajapaksa government clamped down on the import of food items, fruits, vegetables, spices and other commodities which can be produced locally. You may recall how the Yahapalana Government issued permits to import kites, Vesak lanterns, candles, toys, spices, pepper and even cashew with no concern at all on the unrestricted draining of foreign reserves,” Minister Gunawardana stressed.

Uncontrolled imports had contributed to the rapid depreciation of the rupee against the dollar under the Yahapalana Government and as a result, the rupee devalued against the dollar to Rs.180 by 2020 from Rs.131 in 2014, he added.

Minister Gunawardana said one of the main objective of import restriction was to increase foreign reserves and thereby appreciate the value of the rupee against the dollar.

President Rajapaksa is of the view that restriction of non essential or highly luxurious imports has begun to pay dividends. Despite the global recession brought about by the Covid-19 pandemic, Sri Lanka has been able to keep the rupee around Rs. 180 against the dollar and make more exports than imports. This will appreciate the rupee against the dollar and contribute to bring down the cost of living,” Minister Gunawardana emphasized. (Sandun A Jayasekera)

56 from Kandakadu rehab center and female counselor test positive for COVID-19

July 9th, 2020

Courtesy Adaderana

Fifty-six persons from the Kandakadu Treatment and Rehabilitation Centre and a female counselor employed at the center have tested positive for the novel coronavirus, COVID-19.

Prior to being transferred to the Welikada Prison, the recently COVID-19 infected inmate had been detained at the Kandakadu Rehabilitation Centre for 03 months.

Accordingly, 450 inmates and staff at the Rehabilitation Center had been subjected to PCR tests.

So far, 56 among them have been confirmed to have contracted the virus, stated the Department of Government Information.

Meanwhile, a female from the Marawila area has also tested positive for coronavirus this morning (09). She is identified to be a counselor employed at the Kandakadu Rehabilitation Centre.

Health sectors and security forces are currently taking all necessary action for testing and quarantining in relation to the matter, states the Government Information Department.

With the new cases, the total number of COVID-19 cases reported in the country has spiked to 2,151 cases.

Several vehicles belonging to two PNB officers under detention seized

July 9th, 2020

Courtesy Adaderana

Four lorries, two vans and a luxury car belonging to two police officers attached to the Police Narcotics Bureau (PNB) have been taken into custody from Pallewela, Gampaha this evening (09).

These PNB officers in question are currently under detention over the alleged links they had with drug dealers.

The raid was carried out by the officers of the crimes investigation unit of Gampaha Police, under the supervision of Senior Superintendent of Police of the said police division, on a tip-off received by the Senior DIG in charge of the Western Province.

One of the four lorries belongs to a Police Sergeant and the rest of the vehicles were owned by a Sub-Inspector, according to reports.

All these vehicles had been rented to a factory in the area of Banduragoda in Pallewela.

The two vans were registered under a relative of the PNB Sub-Inspector, who was employed at the said factory, the police said.

The seized vehicles are to be handed over to the Criminal Investigation Department (CID) for further investigations.

Gampaha Wickramarachchi Ayurvedic lnstitute to become a fully-fledged University

July 9th, 2020

Courtesy Adaderana

Gampaha Wickramarachchi Ayurvedic lnstitute to become a fully-fledged University

The Cabinet of Ministers has granted its approval to upgrade Gampaha Wickramarachchi Ayurvedic Institute as a fully-fledged university.

The relevant proposal was tabled by the Minister of Higher Education, Technology and Innovations during the recent meeting of Cabinet ministers.

Gampaha Wickramarachchi Ayurvedic Institute, which is currently affiliated to the University of Kelaniya under the University Grants Commission (UGC), offers undergraduate and postgraduate degrees in Ayurveda and allied sciences.

Vistas of Prosperity and Splendour” the policy framework of the country had identified the institution to be upgraded as a fully-fledged university.

The Prime Minister explains the purpose of the 19th Amendment (Video)

July 9th, 2020

Courtesy Hiru News

Prime Minister Mahinda Rajapaksa says that attacking the Rajapaksa’s was the main objective of bringing the 19th Amendment to the Constitution.

The Prime Minister expressed these views while participating at a meeting held in Mawanella today.

Meanwhile, Prime Minister Mahinda Rajapakse states the Muslims should join the present government irrespective of party affiliation

The Prime Minister made this observation while addressing the Muslim community in Kurunegala.

Kurunegala District Muslim Conference was held under the patronage of Prime Minister Mahinda Rajapaksa, while a group of electoral activists of the Sri Lanka Muslim Congress joined hands to support the present government

Priority was safety of life, not employment profile; President addresses ILO Global Summit

July 8th, 2020

Courtesy Adaderana

Despite the repatriation of Sri Lankan workers from abroad in the wake of COVID-19 spread made a considerable change to our overall employment profile, Sri Lanka’s aim was to secure the lives of our workforce, President Gotabaya Rajapaksa said.

Sri Lanka has a considerable workforce that is employed outside the country. Even during the period when restrictions for air travel were in force, we have repatriated nearly 15,000 Sri Lankans from destinations abroad so far” President said addressing ILO Global Summit on ‘COVID-19 and the World of Work – Building a Better Future of Work’ today (08).

The Summit, hosted by the International Labour Organization, commenced on July 01 will continue till July 09. Secretary-General of the United Nations Antonio Guterres, Director-General of the World Health Organization Dr. Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesu, and several world leaders addressed the largest ever online gathering of workers, employers, and governments.

Participants discuss addressing the economic and social impact of the pandemic, which has laid bare the extreme vulnerability of millions of workers and enterprises.

President Rajapaksa, addressing the Summit, stated he appreciates the efforts that all countries have taken for smooth sailings of their ‘Worlds of Work’ at this sensitive period when all are fighting the COVID-19 pandemic.

COVID-19 posed us with perhaps the greatest human crisis in the modern period. As a result, the ‘World of Work’ is undergoing a massive reorganization in the post-COVID-19 period in developed as well as developing countries alike”.

Explaining the Sri Lankan context, President said that particular attention was paid to safeguarding the Sri Lankan workforce from the shockwave that was created by the impact the pandemic had on the global economy.

President said: We have an active labor force of 8.6 million, out of which, the private sector employs nearly 3.5 million. The social security measures that we introduced during the COVID outbreak covered all sectors of this workforce.”

The most notable one was the payment of a fixed monthly allowance (of Rs. 5,000/-) to the most affected self-employed categories in our workforce during April and May. These included all employees on a daily wage as well as many other vulnerable categories such as pre-school teachers and self-employed persons”, President said.

The Sri Lankan workers who returned from overseas will now have the choice to join the local labor force, without returning to their original countries of employment. This in turn will shape the ‘new normal’ of our ‘world of work’.

Skills sector of Sri Lanka required a re-thinking and re-engineering, in order to accommodate the new normal of the post-COVID period said the President adding that  ‘Re-skilling’ and ‘upskilling’ of employees will be addressed in our action plan to empower those who lost employment during this crisis.”

Full text of the message delivered by the President:

Excellencies, Ladies and Gentlemen,

I am very pleased to have this opportunity to share my thoughts at the ILO Global Summit on COVID-19 and the World of Work – Building a Better Future of Work”.

I wish to appreciate the efforts that all countries have taken for smooth sailings of their ‘Worlds of Work’ at this sensitive period when we all are fighting the COVID-19 pandemic.

COVID-19 posed us with perhaps the greatest human crisis in the modern period. As a result, the ‘World of Work’ is undergoing a massive reorganization in the post COVID-19 period in developed as well as developing countries alike.

Sri Lanka is a developing economy with a sensitivity to external determinants. We paid particular attention to safeguard our work force from the shock wave that was created by the impact that this pandemic had on the global economy.

We have an active labour force of 8.6 million, out of which, the private sector employs nearly 3.5 million. The social security measures that we introduced during the COVID outbreak covered all sectors of this workforce.

The most notable one was the payment of a fixed monthly allowance (of Rs. 5,000/-) to the most affected self-employed categories in our work force during April and May. These included all employees on a daily wage as well as many other vulnerable categories such as pre-school teachers and self-employed persons.

Sri Lanka has a considerable workforce that is employed outside the country. Even during the period where restrictions for air travel were imposed, we have repatriated nearly 15,000 Sri Lankans from destinations abroad so far. Although this made a considerable change to our overall employment profile, our aim was to secure the lives of our work force. This fraction of the labour force will now have the choice to join the local labour force, without returning to their original countries of employment. This in turn will shape the ‘new normal’ of our ‘world of work’.

Skills sector of Sri Lanka required a re-thinking and re-engineering, in order to accommodate the new normal of the post-COVID period.  ‘Re-skilling’ and ‘upskilling’ of employees will be addressed in our action plan to empower those who lost employment during this crisis.

Sri Lanka has pledged to eliminate hazardous child labour by 2022. Abiding by this commitment, our Department of Labour continued to conduct investigations on complaints received regarding hazardous child labour even during the lockdown period of COVID-19 outbreak.

Providing an umbrella cover to all activities related to the labour force is the Tripartite Task Force chaired by our Minister of Labour. This Task Force acts as a point of convergence where employment security, wage reconsideration and all related issues are discussed between representatives of employers, employees and the Labour officials.

Excellencies, I believe that the COVID-19 situation globally has not reached an equilibrium where countries can start having long term plans. However, it has given ample opportunities for creating a new normal in the short term and consolidating it in the medium term. Sri Lanka views this as a stepping stone towards re-shaping her ‘world of work’ to suit the new normal in the post-COVID 19 period.

I sincerely hope and wish that this opportunity will serve as a means for all countries to re-align their ‘worlds of work’ accordingly and emerge safer and stronger after this global calamity.

Thank you.”

ඒබ්‍රහම් ලින්කන් හා හිටපු මහාචාර්ය ජී. එල්. පීරිස්

July 8th, 2020

චන්ද්‍රසිරි විජයවික්‍රම, LL.B., Ph.D.

හැඳින්‌වීම

1861 දී ජනාධිපති චන්දය කාලයේ ලින්කන් සිටියේ වහල් ක්‍රමයට පක්‍ෂවය. එහෙත් කාලයත් සමඟ ඔහු ඊට විරුද්‌ධ පරිණාමය වූයේය. ඒ වන විට වහල් ක්‍රමය රැකගැනීමට සටන් කල දකුණේ වහල් හිමියන්ද, ඔවුන්ගේ උදව්වට එන මෙන් තම වහළුන් ගෙන් ඉල්ලන තරමට හෙම්බත්‌වී සිටියේය. සිවිල් යුද්‌ධයේ ආරම්භයේදී ලින්කන්ට තිබූ බලවත්ම ප්‍රශ්ණයවූයේ හරිහමන් යුද හමුදාපතියෙක් හොයා ගැනීමය. දෙපැත්තෙන්ම ලක්‍ෂ ගණනක් මියගිය පසු, යුද් ධය දිණූ පසු ලින්කන් අණකලේ සතුරාට සිය තුවක්කුවද සමඟ ආපසු තම ගංබිම් බලා යන ලෙසටය. වහළුන්ට නිදහස ලබාදීමේ ප්‍රඥප්තියේ තීන්ත වේලිමටත් පෙර, 1865 දී ලින්කන්ව ඝාතනය කරණ ලද්දේ වහල් ක්‍රමය නැතිකිරීම නිසා උරණවූ පිරිස්වල කෙනෙක් විසිනි.

අතිගරු බාලසිංහම්

ලින්කන්ගේ මේ පරිවර්‌තනය මට සිහිකලේ ජී. එල්. පීරිස් මහතා අහම්බෙන් වැටුණ ඔහුගේ දේශපාලන ගමනය. සමහර විට ශිරානි බණඩාරනායක හරහා චන්ද්‍රිකා හඳුනාගෙන, නීලන් තිරුචෙල්වම්, ජයම්පති වික්‍රමරත්නලාද සමඟ රට කැබලි කිරීමේ පැකේජ් ඩීල් වලට, 1995-2000 කාලයේදී හවුල්වූ ඔහු, වික්‍රමසිංහ අගමැති සමයේ ඇන්ටන් බාලසිංහම්ට හිස් එක්‍ෂලන්සි යයි කියා ආමන්ත්‍රණය කරන්නට පවා ඩිප්ලොමැටික් විය. ඔහුගේ ඉල්ලීමට ලංකාවට ආදරය කල ස්කොට් ජාතික පෝල් හැරිස්ට ලංකාවේ පදිංචිවීමට නොදී රටින් පිටුවහල් කල විදේශ ඇමති ඔහුය. පෝල් කල වරද, 2002 සටන් විරාම ගිවිසුම ලෝකයේ ලොකුම පාවාදීම යයි කල ප්‍රකාශයය!

බකල් වුන පෙඩරල් මඟුල නොහොත් රටේ වාසනාව

මේ හැමටම වඩා චමත්කාර ජනක වූයේ, ඔස්ලෝ ගිවිසුම මඟින් ප්‍රභාකරන් විසින් ඊළමක් වෙනුවට පෙඩරල් භාරගෙන, පැරඩයිම් වෙනසක් කලා යයි ජී. එල්. කල උදම් ඇණීමය. නමුත් ප්‍රභාකරන් කලේ ඒ ගැන බාලසිංහම්ට බැණවැදීමය! නොයෙක් ආකාරයේ අවතාර වශයෙන් පෙනී සිටි ඔහු මෑතක් වන තුරුම පෙඩරල් පප්පා කෙනෙක්ම විය. ඉන් පසු සිදුවූයේ 17 දෙනාගෙන් කෙනෙක් වශයෙන්, ජී. එල්. මහින්ද රාජපක්‍ෂ රජයට ඒමය. කරු ජයසූරිය ආපසු ගියත්, ජී. එල්. ගියේ නැත. එතැන් සිට දිගටම ඔහු රැඳී සිටියේ ජාතික ලැයිස්තු වෙන් ආ ඇමති කෙනෙක් වශයෙනි. සජින් වාස් ගුණවර්‌ධනට පිඟන් කඩේට ඇතුල්වූ ගොනෙක් මෙන් හැසිරෙන්නට ඉඩ දෙමින්ම, විදේශ ඇමතිකමේ සිටීමට තරම් ඔහු නිහතමානී විය.

අහිංසක ගාමිණී ලක්‍ෂ්මන්

2015 දී මහින්ද සුළඟ හා ඉන් පසු පොහොට්ටු පක්‍ෂය පිහිටුවීමෙන් පසු හා විශේෂයෙන් ගෝඨාභය ජනාධිපතිවීමත් සමඟ, ලින්කන් වහළුන් නිදහස් කලා මෙන් ජී. එල්. ද පෙඩරල් පීල්ලෙන් එලියට පැන ඇතැයි සිංහලයා සිතුවේය. පෙඩරල් බදාගෙන හොරගල් අහුලන කීප දෙනෙක්ම පොහොට්ටුවේ සිටින බව රහසක් නොවේ. මේ අය නිහඬ බොදු බල සේනාවට හා හාමුදුරුවරුන්ට ඇති භය නිසාය. නමුත් දැන්, සජිත් ප්‍රෙමදාසගේ යාපනේ 13 වන සංශොධන ප්‍රකාශයෙන් හා අගමැති මහින්ද විසින් 13-ඒ හරහා රට බෙදීමේ සජිත්ගේ ජනාධිපති චන්ද ප්‍රකාශණය උපුටා දක්‌වමින් නිකුත් කල නිවේදනයෙන් පසුව, ජී. එල් විසින් පලාත් සභා චන්ද ඉක්මණින්ම පවත්‌වනවා යයි කල ප්‍රකාශණය නිසා සිංහල බෞද්‌ධ ජනයා විමතියට පත්‌වී ඇති බව නිසැකය.

මුන් 225 ම එපා නොහොත් අහක යන නයි කලිසම් සාක්කුවේ දමා ගැනීම

ජී. එල්. වැනි අයෙක් එවැනි ප්‍රකාශයක් කලේ ඇත්ත ප්‍රජාතන්ත්‍රවාදය වෙනුවෙන්ද, බොරු නාස් ලණු (තන්ත්‍ර) වාදය වෙනුවෙන්ද, පලාත් සභා රන් ආකර සේ සළකා වැජඹෙන හොරුන් රැළේ චන්ද හා ධන බලය නිසාද, දෙමළ බෙදුම්වාදීන් සතුටු කොට යම් දෙමළ චන්ද ප්‍රමාණයක්වත් ලබාගත හැකියයි සිතාද, නැතිනම් ඒ නිසා සිංහල චන්ද, විශේෂයෙන් ගෝඨාභය දිනවූ සිංහල බෞද්‌ධ චන්ද අඩුවී යාමේ අවදානමක් ඇතිබව නොදැනද යන සැක මතු වන්නේය. ඔහුද, මේ ලෝකයේ, ලෝභ-ද්වේෂ-මානයෙන් පිරි තවත් එක පංචස්කන්‌ධයක් පමණය. කරුණා අම්මාන් සොල්දාදුවන් මැරීම ගැන හෝ හරීන් ප්‍රනාන්දු කාදිනල්තුමා ගැන හෝ මෙන්, ජී. එල්. ද කටවරද්දා ගත්තාද විය හැකිය. මෙහිදී ඔහු පොහොට්ටුවේ සභාපතිවීම අපට අදාල නැත. ඔහු වැනි අයෙක් සිටිනවා නම් තුනෙන් දෙකක් ලැබුණත් සිංහල බෞද්‌ධයාට වෙන්නේ මුන් 225 ම එපා යන කතාව අවුරුදු 72 කට පසු දිගටම ගෙන යාමය. සිංහල බෞද්‌ධයා 2020 න් පසුව, නැවතත්, හිත හොඳ ගෑණියෙක් වී යාම මය.

ජී. එල්. ගේ වැඩිහිටි/වැඩිදුර අධ්‍යාපනය පිණිසයි

මැරෙණ තුරුම යමෙක් ඉගෙන ගන්නවා යන චීන කියමණ අනුව යමින් ජී. එල්, ගේ අධ්‍යාපනය පිණිස 2011 හා 2013 දී මා ඉංග්‍රීසියෙන් ලියූ 13-ඒ සම්බන්‌ධ දිගු ලිපි දෙකක් මේ සමඟ අමුණන්නේ හුදෙක් සිංහල ජාතියේ අභිවෘධිය පතාය. රට ජාතිය, එක් පුද්ගලයෙකුට හෝ එක් පක්‍ෂයකට වඩා ඉහළය. විශේෂයෙන්ම, චන්දයෙන් තුනෙන් දෙක ලැබුණු පසු අළුත්, මහජන අනුමැතිය සහිත, ආණ්ඩුක්‍රම ව්‍යවස්ථාවක් සදන බව රටට පවසා තිබියදී, ඊට පෙර සිදුවිය යුතු 19 සංශොධන මගඩිය ඉවත් කිරීම වෙනුවට, දැනට වලදමා ඇති පලාත් සභා මර උඟුලට පණ දෙන්නට කතා කරන්නේ ඇයි? මධ්‍යම ආණ්ඩුවක් හා ජන මූල සභා ක්‍රමයක් (ජන සභා වශයෙන් ප්‍රාදේශීය සභා?) ගැන ගෝඨාභයගේ චන්ද ප්‍රකාශණයේ ඇති ව්‍යුහයට, නැවත කඩිමුඩියේ පලාත් සභා චන්ද ගෙන ඒමට ජී. එල්. හා දිනේෂ් ගුණවර්‌ධන ප්ලෑන් කරනවාද? චන්ද දායකයාගේ මනස අවුල් කරන්නට හදන්නේ මක්නිසාද? අළුත් ආණ්ඩුක්‍රම ව්‍යවස්ථාවෙන් කල යුතු වන්නේ, 2009 මැයි 19 දා ජනාධිපති යුද ආඥාවකින් අහෝසි කල යුතුව තිබූ 13-ඒ මර උඟුල නමැති පිළිකාවද සහමුලින්ම උඳුරා දැමීමය.

අගමැතිගේ මාධ්‍ය නිවේදනයේ වැදගත් කොටස මෙසේය:

එක්සත් ජාතික පක්‍ෂයේ 2019 ජනාධිපති අපේක්‍ෂකයා ලෙස සජිත් ප්‍රේමදාස ඉදිරිපත්‌කල ප්‍රතිපත්ති ප්‍රකාශණය-
<ශ්‍රී ලංකාවේ ඉදිරි ගමනට සීමාවක් නැත. එක්ව ගමන යමු>
ජනතාවගේ ව්‍යවස්ථාව (පිටු 15-16)

  1. ඒකීය රාජ්‍ය සංකල්පය අතහැර, නොබෙදුණු හා වෙන් කල නොහැකි රාජ්‍යයක් ලෙස ශ්‍රී ලංකාව හැඳින්‌වීම;
  2. මධ්‍යම ආණ්ඩුව සතු බලතල උපරිම ලෙස පළාත් සභාවලට බෙදා හැරීම;
  3. පළාත් සභා නියෝජිතයින්ගෙන් සදුණ දෙවැනි මන්ත්‍රී මණ්ඩලයක් ඇති කොට, මධ්‍යම ව්‍යවස්ථාදායකයේ (පාර්ලිමේන්තුවේ) බලය තවත් සීමා කිරීම;
  4. පාර්ලිමේන්තුවේ මුදල් බලය අහෝසිකොට පළාත් සභා වලට ස්වාධීනව මුදල් රැස්කිරීමට ඉඩහැරීම;
  5. දැනට මධ්‍යම ආණ්ඩුව යටතේ සිටින දිස්ත්‍රික් ලේකම්වරුන්, ප්‍රාදේශීය ලේකම්වරුන් ඇතුළු නිලධාරීන් පළාත් සභා යටතට පත් කිරීම;
  6. පළාත් සභා හා මධ්‍යම ආණ්ඩුව අතර ඇතිවන ආරවුල් විසඳීමට වෙනම ව්‍යවස්ථාමය අධිකරණයක් පිහිටුවීම.

මූලාශ්‍රය: ලංකා සී නිව්ස්, ජූලි 5, 2020

පලාත් සභා චන්දය වහාම තියනවා යන පොහොට්ටු පණිවුඩය, දෙමළ ඊළම් දේශපාලකයින්ට දෙන කෝඩ් එක (සිග්නල්) නම් ඉහත සඳහන් කාරණා ගැන බලාපොරොත්තු තැබිය හැක යන්නය. ඒ කතාව ඔවුන් විසින් දෙමළ ජනායාට දී ඔවුන් කියන්නේ ඒ නිසා ඔවුන්ට චන්දය දෙන ලෙසය. මේ නිසා සිදුවන්නේ දැනට ඊළම් විරෝධී ලෙස යාපනේ වර්‍ධනය වන චන්ද (ගෝඨාභය උදෙසා ලැබෙන්නට යන දෙමළ චන්ද) මේ බෙදුම්වාදී දේශපාලකයින්ට ආපසු හැරී යෑමය. මේ නිසා ජී.එල්. ගේ ප්‍රකාශය බරපතල ඉල්ලන් කෑමකි.

පලාත් සභා නම් හෙණ ගෙඩිය

පලාත් සභා සුදු අලියෙක් නොව කළු යකෙකි. දකුණේ සභා හත ගහ මරා ගන්නා දූෂිත, මහජනයාට සත පහකවත් වැඩක් නැති පිස්සන් කොටු නොවීද? නැඟෙනහිර සභාව හිස්බුල්ලාගේ අරාබි රාජ්‍යයකට ඉණිමඟක් නොවුනාද? දයාන් ජයතිලකලා වැනි මාක්ස්වාදී, ක්‍රිස්තියානි කළු සුද්දන් විසින් ඉහලින් වර්‌‌ණනාකල විග්නේෂ්වරන් විසින් රටටත්, ලෝකයටත් එලි කලේ 13-ඒ යනු ඊළම් සඳහා යන පෙඩරල් ඉණිමඟක් බව නොවේද? කොටින්ම කියතොත්, ඔස්ට්‍රේලියාවේ සිට තමන්ටම තුප්පහියා යයි කියා ගන්නා, දෙමළන් ජාතික ගීය ගායනා කල යුතුය යන ව්‍යාපාරයේ සඟවුණු පියාවූ, ගාල්ලේ උපන්, බර්‌ගර් ජාතික, මයිකල් රොබට්ස්ට පවා අන්තිමේදී තේරුණ අන්දමට, ඊළමක් එපා කියන මධ්‍යස්ථ දෙමළෙක් නැත මතය, කොළඹ ඉපදී, කොළඹින් සියළු දේම ලබාගත්, පුත්තු දෙන්නාටම සිංහල ලේලිලා ලබාගත් විග්නේෂ්වරන් ක්‍රියාවෙන්ම ඔප්පු කලේය. 1948 සිට සිංහල ආණ්ඩු දෙමළ සංහාරයක් කරගෙන යනවා යයි කීමටත්, උතුරට බුදු පිළිම එපා, පොල් රා එපා, නිරිත දිග මෝසම් (වාරකන්) සුළං කාලයේ උතුරට ධීවරයින්ට එන්න දෙන්න එපා යයි කීමට තරම් පහත්, දීන මිනිහෙක් බවට ඔහු පත්‌වූයේ ජනාධිපති මහින්ද රාජපක්‍ෂ විසින් ප්‍රජා (තන්ත්‍ර)නාස්ලණුවාදය අනුව යමින් චන්දයක් තබා, වෙස්සන්තර කෙනෙක්‌වී, විග්නේෂ්ට උතුරු පලාත බන්දේසියක තබා පුදකල නිසාය (අවුරුදු 30 ක යුද්‌ධයකින් වූ මානසික හානිය අවුරුදු දෙක තුනකින් සුව කල නොහැකිය. නාසි හානියේ සුව කිරීම් අදටත් කෙරෙමින් පවතී). ඊට කලින් පිළිවෙලින්, ප්‍රේමදාස හා චන්ද්‍රිකා, ප්‍රභාකරන්ට උතුරු පලාත සින්නකර බද්දකට දීමට යෝජනා කලා වැනි විය. හැමදේම සිදුවන්නේ හොඳට වගේ මහින්ද එසේ නොකරන්නට මේ 13-ඒ කෙළියේ තරම රටට එලිවන්නේ නැත. එය දයාන් ජයතිලක ඇමතිද සමඟ වර්‍ධරාජා පෙරුමාල් උ-නැ මහaැමති රටින් පලායාමට වඩා වෙනස්, බෞද්‌ධ අහිංසාව ගනයේ අත්දැකීමක් විය. මේ වන විට විග්නේෂ් දමිළ ජනයා ඉදිරියේ අවලංගු කාසියක් වැනිය.

මීනින්ෆුල් ඩෙවොලූෂන්

රොබට් බ්ලේක්, හිලරි ක්ලින්ටන්, මන්මෝහන් සිං, බෑන්කි මූන් ලා ඒකාලයේ ඉල්ලූ නියමාකාරයේ බලය බෙදීම වනාහි වංක දෙමළ දේශපාලකයින් අතලොස්සකට උ-නැ අගමැතිලා වීමටත්, ඒ හරහා ඊළම් පාරක් කපා ගැනීමක් මිස දෙමළ ජනයා බලවත් කිරීමක් නොවීය. මෙය ඒකාලයේ සිංහල දේශපාලන කළු සුද්දන්නට මෙන්ම දැන් 2020 දී ජී. එල්ටත් නොවැටහීම අභාග්‍යයකි. ඊළම යනු උතුරේ කුලහීන යයි සළකන ජනයා, වෙල්ලාල කුලයට පාවා දීම බවත්, මිලේනියම් ට්‍රෝජන් අශ්වයාගෙන් එලිවෙන අන්දමට සිංහලයාගේ රට විනාශ කිරීමේ උපායක් බවත් මේ වන විට ඉතාමත් පැහැදිලිය. පාස්කු ප්‍රහාරයේදී පවා කතෝලික නොවන, ක්‍රිස්තියානි සුමන්තිරන් කියා සිටියේ ඊට හේතුව මුස්ලිම් සුළු ජන ව‌ර්‌ගයට කරණ අසාධාරණකම් යනුය!

භූගෝල විද්‍යාව, බුද්‌ධාගම හා නීති විද්‍යාව

ඊළම්වාදය පරාද කලයුතු ප්‍රායෝගිකව හා මතවාදීවය. යුද්‌ධය මඟින් පරාජය කලේ ප්‍රභාකරන්වාදය පමණක් නොව, 13-ඒ නම් ජරමරයදය. දෙමළ ජනයාට බලය ලැබෙන්නේ ජන සභා ක්‍රමය යටතේ බිම් මට්ටමින් ඔවුන්ට තීරණ ගැනීමට දීමෙන්‌ය. සිංහල, මුස්ලිම් අයටද එසේමය. ගම-වැව-දාගැබ යන අතීත පාලන ත්‍රිත්‌වය එවැන්නකි. එය පරිසර විද්‍යාවට අනුකූල විය. එපමණක් නොව එය රීසනබල් විසඳුමය. නීති විද්‍යාවේ රීසනබල් යනු බුද්‌ධාගමේ මධ්‍යම ප්‍රතිපදාවය. භූමියේ විවිධත්‌වය හඳුනා ගන්නා භූගෝල විද්‍යවට පටහැනි වුනොත් එතැන රීසනබල් කමක් හෝ මධ්‍යම ප්‍රතිපදාවක් (කොම්ප්‍රොමයිස්) නැත. 13 වන සංශොධනයට විරුද්‌ධ විය යුතු මේ නිසාය.

යම් දමිළ වැසියෙකුගේ පුද්ගලික අවශ්‍යතා (නීඩ්ස්) හා උවමනාවලුත් (වෝන්ට්ස්), දමිළ සමාජයේ පොදු අභිලාශත් (ඇස්පිරේෂන්ස්) අතර වෙනස හඳුනා ගැනීමට පක්‍ෂ දේශපාලකයින් අසමත්‌වීම ඛේදජනකය. ජන සභා මට්ටමෙන් නීඩ්ස් හා වෝන්ට්ස් සපුරා ගත හැකිය. ඒ සඳහා දේශපාලන පූසාරීන් අනවශ්‍යය. එසේ සපුරා ගැනීමට යාමේදී මහජාතියට ඉන් තර්‌ජනයක්ද එල්ල නොවේ. ප්‍රශ්ණය වන්නේ තමන්ගේ පැවැත්ම සඳහා වංක දේශපාලකයින් විසින් ජාතික අභිලාශ කතාවක් ඉදිරියට දැමීමය. එක ජන වර්‍ගයක අභිලාශ, තවත් ජන වර්‍ගයක අභිලාශ සමඟ ගැටෙන විටය. උදාහරණයක් වශයෙන් යුරෝපය කතෝලික/ක්‍රිස්තියානි කර තබාගැනීම ප්‍රංශයේ අභිමතාර්‌ථයය. යුරෝපයේ රටක් වීම තුර්කියේ අභිලාශයය. මෙයට කියන්නේ යා දෙක නොරත රත කියාය. උ-නැ දෙමළ නිජභූමියක් ඉල්ලන අභිලාශය, සිංහලයාගේ සිංහලේට තර්‍ජනයකි. නිජ භූමිය ඉල්ලන අය විශාල පිරිසක් ඉන්නේ නිජ භූමියෙන් පිටවීම තුර්කියේ ජනයාගේ නොව තුර්කි දේශපාලකයින්ගේ ඉල්ලීම සිහිකරවයි.

පලාත් නවයේ බෙදීම රටේ භූගෝල විද්‍යාවට පටහැනි සුද්දාගේ කෘතිම බෙදීමකි. මේ නිසා කලයුතුව ඇත්තේ දැනට ඇති ග්‍රාම නිලධාරී වසම් 14,022, පරිසර සාධක අනුව නැවත මායිම් කිරීමය. ගංඟා ද්‍රෝණි, භූගත ජල ද්‍රෝණි වශයෙන් ඒවා හඳුනාගත යුතුය. එම මායිම් භාෂාව හෝ ආගම හෝ කුලය අනුව නොවිය යුතුය. මෙසේ බිහි කරණ ජන සභා (ජන මූල සභා) එකතු කර පරිසරයට අනුකූල ප්‍රාදේශීය සභා, ප්‍රාදේශීය ලේකම් ප්‍රදේශ මායිම් කල හැකිය. උවමනා නම් දැනට ඇති පලාත් නවයේ කෘතිම බෙදීම වෙනුවට රට ගංඟා නිම්න හතකට බෙදිය හැකිය (සිතියම බලන්න). එසේ නැත්නම් දිස්ත්‍රික් 25 ට ගැලපෙන සේ ගංඟා නිම්න 25 කට බෙදිය හැකිය. ලංකාවේ තිබෙන්නේ මධ්‍යම කඳුකරයේ සිට වටේට ගලනා ගංඟා 103 කි. මහවැලි ගඟ හැර විශාල, දිග ගංඟා පද්‌ධති රටේ නැත.

ඉතා කෙටියෙන් මෙහි සටහන් කලේ 13-ඒ පස්සේ දුවන්නට හදනවා වෙනුවට, පලාත් සභා චන්ද වෙනුවට ඒ මුදල් සිංහල හා දෙමළ භාෂා පාසැල්වල ඉගැන්‌වීමට විශාල වැඩපිලිවෙලක් සඳහා යොදා ගැනීමය. මේ සඳහා පරිගණක භාෂා ක්‍රමයක් දැනටමත් පිලියෙල කර එය රටේ පරිගණක වර්‍ධන වැඩ භාර ආයතනයට (අයි.සී.ටී.ඒ.) ඉදිරිපත් කලත්, එහි දූෂිත නිලධාරී කට්ටල යලි යලිත් එය ප්‍රතික්‍ෂේප කලේය!

මේ සමඟ ලින්ක් කර ඇති ලිපි දෙකෙන් හා ලංකාවෙබ් වෙබ් අඩවියෙන් පොතකට සෑහෙන තරමේ විස්තර මේ 13-ඒ මර උඟුල හා ඉන් ගැලවීමේ මඟ වශයෙන් ලියා වාර්‌තා කර ඇත. ඒ සම්බන්‌ධයෙන් රට, ලංකා වෙබ් අඩවියට ණය ගැති වන්නේ සිංහල භාෂාවෙන් මේවා දනගත හැකි වෙන මාධ්‍යයක් ලෝකයේ කොහේවත් සිංහල ජනතාවට නැති නිසාය.

http://www.lankaweb.com/news/items/category/c-wijeyawickrema/

http://www.lankaweb.com/news/items/2013/03/31/bodu-bala-sena-and-llrc-buddhist-self-reliance/
http://www.srilankaguardian.org/2012/02/llrc-recommendations-and-path-of.html

The Unlocking: Secret lives of my neighbours

July 8th, 2020

By Indu Balachandran/www.medium.com

Lockdown in Chennai? Well, not quite in my building. In the past three months of lockdown, a lot of un-locking has happened — unknown talents, unspoken dreams, unexpected actions.

Don’t tell anyone, but I am going to reveal a few things about my neighbours I believed I knew for years — without really knowing them at all — till a virus made them break out.

Aunty, your bra is showing…

I really never thought I’d see Mrs Ambujam of 5B walking around my neighbourhood in her bra.

Whoever thought this conservative Mami from the flat downstairs would be out hobbling about at 7.30am, in her bright flowery home-made face-bra, (the size looked to be a single 34A cup), standing before me on the fourth circle in the queue? She even pulled the elastic downwards seductively at Ponnusamy, our vegetable man, but only for a brief moment, to admonish him for not putting back his own mask hanging rakishly around one ear.

Ambujam Mami stuffed her yellow LG Asafoetida cloth bag with fresh keerai, and quickly walked past me. Who had time for idle chit-chat when there was so much housework to be done before sitting down to stitch more and more of her home-made face-masks — all from her granddaughter’s unworn dupattas?

Now that the face-bra had become compulsory over-wear, as obligatory to wear in society as underwear, I was so pleased to see that even Ambujam Mami was looking at the fashion industry, excited by the new business opportunities ahead. At first Ambujam Mami had been shocked when that bold Mrs Acharya of her Mylapore Ladies’ Club had suggested this word: ‘Face-bra’ for her home-made masks. Her son had set up something very complicated called Zoom on his laptop for her, but she was thrilled to see familiar faces from her neighbourhood pop up in small squares (even though some were unrecognisable as all she could see were big nostrils and diamond nose-rings) but over time, they learnt to ‘adjust’ and present better angles of themselves when they met twice a week. Face-bra?! Many had giggled in embarrassment over that word, hoping their family wasn’t listening in. But Mrs Acharya’s helpful demos soon had them all raiding their cupboards for new soft material to cut up, pin and stitch and even embellish — what about one with a touch of zari for that postponed wedding of her grand niece, coming up in February ’21?

Of course her cheeky teenager granddaughter had spread the word that her Paati was now making face-bras. And even getting made-to-order requests from her friends. ‘Paati, my friend’s father now wants one, too! But you must make it a plain, manly bra. And how about calling it a ‘Face-Bro’ just for guys, Paati!’

‘Thatha is behaving like a teenager…’

I met Cheenu Mama of 3C just as we both stepped into the lift. Without appearing rude, we both took extreme corners of the small lift, keeping at least a 3-foot distance till our respective floors came up. But in that 15-second masked encounter I did see what Cheenu Mama had furtively picked up in his red plastic shopping bag that day from Surya Greens: pizza bases!

I grinned unseen behind my mask. So Cheenu Mama was fed up of the daily Tam-brahm sambar-rasam-poriyal routine. I simply had to find out What Happened Next.

So I brought up the subject with Meenu Paati, Cheenu Mama’s wife, when I saw her one day at our common corridor. ‘Ayyo, any need for all this? Is he a teenager or what? But he quietly went and bought so many, many things just to make two small pizzas! A whole bottle of some red paste, a box of cheese cubes, expensive coloured koda-molagas, even some horrible mushrooms! Any need? And not to mention one herbs bottle from Amma Nana Stores! So what next, are you going to buy an oven just for this one day, from Viveks? I asked. No need! he says. I saw a YouTube video called Mangala’s Kitchen” where we can make pizza on our gas stove itself, with our tawa. Oho what a fine mess he created — trying to make it all by himself. I spent one hour just cleaning up the kitchen…’

But, hey, did I detect a mischievous delight and pride through this rant about her husband’s bold foray into the kitchen? ‘Meenu Paati! So that’s the great smell I was getting last week from your kitchen! Tell Cheenu Mama, next time, he has to make an extra pizza, just for me.’

Lipstick under my hijab…

It was on an evening terrace walk that I bumped into Jamila Aunty. Well, ‘bump into’ is only an expression; who does that anymore, even accidentally?

I thought I saw an extra spring in her 70+ legs during her walk these days (of course, I guessed the reason, but pretended I didn’t know a thing). ‘Hello Jamila Aunty! How’s life…’ I said, as I saw her emerge from the far end of our mottai-maadi. We stopped a respectful corona-dictated gap, but I felt there was no generation gap between us any more. If what her daughter-in-law Farah said was true!

Well, if I could only be a lizard on the wall of Flat 2B, I would be able to see for myself Jamila Aunty’s guilty secret.

Every Wednesday, at 7 pm, Farah, my good friend from 2B, would be ready, closing herself up in the drawing room for an hour, wearing her dancing shoes and red lipstick, for her Zoom online Salsa classes to begin. But it was only after a month of Wednesdays that Koki Ma’m, Farah’s Salsa teacher, began to spot a face in the far background intently peeping in, inside Farah’s square in the Zoom grid. ‘Watch out, Farah, your ma-in-law is spying on you!’ Koki messaged Farah after class that day.

Farah decided in her next class to see if it was true. Yes! There she was peering from the small grill window in the kitchen, into the drawing room. Farah danced on regardless with her class of eight happy young women — but did notice a huge big smile on her mother-in-law’s face, especially during a rather sexy Latino hip-swing that ended that day’s session.

It was Koki’s cheeky message after class that started it all. ‘Pull her in, Farah! What’s the bet she wants to dance too…’

And that’s how Jamila Aunty’s life changed. ‘Ammi, come, I’ll teach you some basics of Salsa…don’t worry, Ammi, my teacher says there’s no age to start learning; there’s even a 67-year-old lady in her Jive class who doesn’t miss a single day’s session!’

Farah laughed and told me all about this saas-bahu pact that had got Jamila Aunty swinging her hips again — just as she had years and years ago at Farah’s mehendi ceremony. ‘We had all forgotten how surprisingly well she danced. So now it’s our own little secret. Even my husband and kids don’t know a thing! We play Despacito on her cell phone in her bedroom, and I teach her beginner’s ‘shines’ or basic steps of Salsa, but I’m worried if she’s going to get better than me soon… Who knows, she could even join my class, Koki Ma’m insists!’

And you won’t believe what Ammi said today, after a fit of giggles… ‘But what about Koki Ma’m’s rules of your Wednesday class, Farah beti. Okay, I do have some heels I can wear again, but I need to borrow something from you. And only then I’ll be ready to dance — with lipstick under my hijab!’

(Originally published in Lockdown Journal Chennai, July 2020)

(Indu wrote advertising slogans for a living, till the travel-writing bug bit her.(Free travel, free stays, free food!). Her 30-year advertising career at JWT led to her first best-seller, Don’t Go Away, We’ll Be Right Back: The Oops & Downs of Advertising. As a travel/humour columnist, Indu’s writings appear in Lonely Planet, Sunday Hindu, Firstpost, Readers Digest; and five anthologies of stories. Her romantic novel Runaway Writers has been republished in the UK as The Writers Retreat: [email protected])

Sri Lankan Sinhala language film gets commendation award at IndieFest Film Festival in California

July 8th, 2020

Courtesy NewsIn.Asia

The film is the story of two men from rural Sri Lanka wading their way into the city to request a correction be printed on a newspaper which falsely accuses one of them to be a terrorist and the turbulent passage they endure along the way.

Sri Lankan Sinhala language film gets commendation award at IndieFest Film Festival in California

Colombo, July 8 (newsin.asia): The Sri Lankan Sinhala language feature film, The News Paper” has received a Commendation award at the IndieFEST Film festival, California, US.

The certificate of the award was presented to President Gotabaya Rajapaksa and Prime Minister Mahinda Rajapaksa at the Presidential Secretariat today (July 08).

A number of countries including the USA, Italy, India, Australia, Lebanon, Syria, Switzerland and the UK had presented their work to the film festival.

The IndieFEST Film festival admired The News Paper” for its outstanding depiction of liberation, social justice and concepts of antagonism in a motion picture. It is a co-direction of Sarath Kothalawala and Kumara Thirimadura while it was co-produced by Minister Bandula Gunawardana, Ravindra Guruge and H.D. Premasiri.

Dimithri Wijesinghe reviewed the film for The Morning daily

The film tells the story of an unwavering friendship between two individuals on a journey to right a wrong; it is the story of two men from rural parts of Sri Lanka wading their way into the city to request a correction be printed on a newspaper which falsely accuses one of them to be a terrorist and the turbulent passage they endure along the way.

The movie premiered on 2 July and the first show at 10.30 a.m. was made open to the public free of charge. Healthcare services, tri-forces, Police, and media personnel who had been actively engaged in eradicating the Covid-19 virus are allowed to watch the movie once, using their office IDs.

We spoke to both Kothalawala and Thirimadura about the film and this intriguing time in which they are screening their movie.

Household names in the Sri Lankan cinema circuit, especially well-known as comic actors and theatrical performers, the duo stated that they screened the film very briefly prior to Covid-19 and once the pandemic hit; like all other films, they were forced to shut down distribution. However, now with the Government having given the go-ahead for cinema halls to reopen to the public, they said it is their responsibility to provide content that would entice the public to come to the theatres.

They shared that there really is no purpose of cinema halls reopening if there are no films to be screened particularly, as certain films are being withdrawn from cinemas because it would be a loss-making move to keep it up during these times where people are less likely to come see their film.

Thirimadura stated that they have chosen to screen their film in this way because they do not mind biting the bullet if it means it would encourage people to visit the cinema halls to watch the movie, thereby keeping the local cinema industry alive as well.

The duo also stated that as they do hail from the theatre background and are theatre people at heart, there is an underlying hope of success of cinemas reopening, lending itself to the eventual opening of stage dramas to the public as well. Their wish is that in contributing to the reopening of cinemas and hopefully providing for crowds to make their way to the cinema hall, they would in turn make it so that stage dramas too get back to normal and open up.

According to Thirimadura, while globally the entertainment industry is at an all-time high in terms of progression, Sri Lanka is still lagging behind; this is particularly due to the lack of collaboration and involvement on the part of the audiences in the island with the growth and sustenance of the cinema industry. Of course, there are numerous alternatives available now and unless the industry comes up with an extraordinary product, there is no need for the general public to spend their hard-earned money and precious time in a cinema hall.

Noting the fact that there are only 117 cinema halls in this country, which is shockingly low, he said live theatre and cinema are a dying art as technology and streaming has made it so that people would rather stay at home to watch new releases at home.

Thirimadura further shared that in Moratuwa, where he spent his childhood running from one film to the other, there was a total of six halls – namely, Tower, Emess, Manel, Vijitha, Odeon, and Padma – out of which four have been closed down. He said when he first heard that Odeon might close down, his heart skipped a beat and he was overcome with a melancholic feeling because that is where he has caught so many cinematic masterpieces that have inspired him to this day; it had been a place that holds a special place in his heart.

I was devastated when I heard it would close down. It is a shame that this is the state the local cinema industry has come to,” he emphasised.

While The Newspaper has been highly anticipated, there was another element that was cause for intrigue even before its release – it was co-produced by Co-Cabinet Spokesperson Dr. Bandula Gunawardana, Ravindra Guruge, and H.D. Premasiri.

We asked both Kothalwala and Thirimadura about the involvement of a prominent political figure in the country, particularly at such a time when the election is coming up and the political sphere is charged up. They both stated that they are not and have never been the type of people who wish to be entangled with politics, and while the nature of our country is such that one cannot speak or think entirely in isolation without the involvement politics, their film is not a piece of propaganda and you are sure to know this when you watch the film. They said they see no reason to either hide the involvement of a political figure or distance themselves in anyway.

They added that, however, if ever there was anyone who should be recognised for their contribution to cinema, they would have to say it is Minister Bandula Gunawardana as he has been a part of some of Sri Lanka’s cinematic masterpieces and facilitated the creation of them.

With regard to the co-production credit on the film, The Sunday Morning Brunch reached out to Minister Gunawardana. I have been making efforts to be a part of good cinema in Sri Lanka for about 37 years now. At first, I wanted to help make Dharmasiri Bandaranayake’s debut film Hansa Vilak, but I was unable to do so. However, in 1987, I was able to make his film Suddhilage Kathawa which went on to become the Best Film in Sri Lanka that year. Then in the case of Siri Medura, I brought down Parakrama Niriella to direct it, which went on to win nine awards that year including the Best Film. I gave Ayoma starring Swarna Mallawarachchi to Parakrama as well because I have already seen what he can do.”

Speaking about the current film, he said: As for this particular script, Thirimadura is an old student of mine and I saw that he has written a great script and that they were making rounds trying to find someone to produce it for them. They were told that since they are theatre folk coming from the theatre background, they should bring in somebody else to direct it. But I felt that if they wrote the script and will be acting in it, then they are best to direct it too. The concept in their heads cannot be executed better through an outside perspective.”

The Minister went on to add that he has cared deeply about local cinema for years and hopes only to contribute quality productions that we as people can be proud of, through which it will gain worldwide recognition while being entertaining to all.

I have made my best efforts to support good local cinema; back in the day, there was a system where the (National) Film Corporation would provide funds for filmmakers to produce films. However, that is no longer available. In order to support work such as this, I brought Ravindra Guruge and H.D. Premasiri and created the company which will function not as a profit-making entity, but one that will aid filmmakers in a corporative way. If there is a profit to be made, then that will go into a trust to be used for other good films,” he said.

He added that with the accreditation those involved in the film have received, he is glad to have been a part of something that could contribute significantly to Sri Lankan cinema.

Co-directors and stars of the production Kothalawala and Thirimadura stated that they believe their part of the deal is now complete; it is now up to the Sri Lankan audiences to show their support and play an integral role in reviving the local cinema industry. They said that they have created a piece of art they are proud of and hope it will be well received. They invite all Lankans to go and see the film in theatres and have an enjoyable time.

Maldives, Sri Lanka eliminate measles and rubella, ahead of 2023 target

July 8th, 2020

Courtesy NewsIn.Asia

Colombo, July 8 (newsin.asia) – Maldives and Sri Lanka were today verified for having eliminated rubella, making them the first two countries in WHO South-East Asia Region to achieve measles and rubella elimination ahead of the 2023 target.

Protecting all children against these killer and debilitating diseases is an important step in our endeavor to achieve healthier population and health for all,” said Dr Poonam Khetrapal Singh, Regional Director, WHO South-East Asia Region, congratulating Maldives and Sri Lanka on their achievement.

The announcement was made after the fifth meeting of the South-East Asia Regional Verification Commission for Measles and Rubella Elimination, held virtually. The Commission comprises of 11 independent international experts in the fields of epidemiology, virology and public health. A country is verified as having eliminated measles and rubella when there is no evidence of endemic transmission of the measles and rubella viruses for over three years in the presence of a well performing surveillance system.

Maldives reported last endemic case of measles in 2009 and of rubella in October 2015, while Sri Lanka reported last endemic case of measles in May 2016 and of rubella in March 2017.

Coming at a time when the entire world is grappling with the COVID-19 pandemic, this success is encouraging and demonstrates the importance of joint efforts, Dr Khetrapal Singh said, lauding the Ministries of Health, health workforce, partners, and most importantly the communities, who together contributed to this public health achievement.

The Regional Director commended Member countries’ efforts to deliver life-saving vaccines to children even while battling the pandemic. Though mass vaccination activities have been postponed in several countries, it is encouraging to see that efforts are underway to resume them at the soonest,” she said.

In a global survey, more than half of all countries reported moderate-to-severe disruptions, or a total suspension of vaccination services in March and April. Preliminary information from the Region suggests both immunization coverage and surveillance have been impacted. However, countries in WHO South-East Asia Region have been making concerted efforts to resume immunization and surveillance activities and plug gaps that have arisen due to the COVID-19 pandemic.

In recent years, all countries in the Region introduced two doses of measles-containing vaccine and at least one dose of rubella-containing vaccine in their routine immunization programme. First-dose coverage of measles-containing vaccine is now 88% and the second-dose coverage 76%. Since 2017, nearly 500 million additional children have been vaccinated with measles and rubella-containing vaccine. Surveillance for measles and rubella has been strengthened further.

We cannot allow for our progress towards measles and rubella elimination to be put on hold or reversed. We must achieve our 2023 target,” the Regional Director said, adding that WHO is committed to supporting Member countries and partners to fully revive immunization and surveillance activities, and to refine the strategic, operational and policy guidelines that will facilitate progress towards our goal.

Now more than ever, we must pull together to realize our vision of a Region in which no child suffers or dies from a disease as easily prevented as measles; where no pregnant woman loses her unborn baby due to a virus as avoidable as rubella; and where no neonate is born with a heart ailment or loss of hearing owing to a tragedy as needless as in-utero rubella infection,” Dr Khetrapal Singh said.

Member countries of WHO South-East Asia Region had in September last year set 2023 as target for elimination of measles and rubella, revising the goal of the flagship programme that since 2014 had focused on measles elimination and rubella control.

Bhutan, DPR Korea and Timor-Leste are other countries in the Region who have eliminated measles.

Former PM did not care intelligence information: Former CNI

July 8th, 2020

Yoshitha Perera Courtesy The Daily Mirror

Convincing the importance of intelligence information to former Prime Minister Ranil Wickremesinghe was totally absurd, said former Chief of National Intelligence (CNI) Kapila Hendawitharana while testifying before the PCoI probing Easter Sunday attacks today.

Hendawitharana informed the Commission when Ranil Wickremesinghe was serving as the Prime Minister between 2001 and 2004, he did not care about intelligence information provided by military intelligence.

Hendawitharana said that although the army was restricted in many ways during his time as Directorate of Military Intelligence (DMI), army intelligence continued to work hard to prepare for the eventual clash with the LTTE.

“However, Mr. Wickremesinghe did not pay heed to our intelligence information,” he said.

A Commission member asked Hendawitharana whether he tried to convince Mr. Wickremesinghe about the need to take intelligence information seriously, he replied “You can lead a horse to water, but you can’t make him drink. This was what I know of them. That was why I tendered my resignation soon after the January 2015 election result. I knew the type of people who would come in. I knew well that I couldn’t work with them, that was why I left,” he said.

Prime Minister outlines the aim of the Samagi Jana Balavegaya

July 8th, 2020

Courtesy Hiru News

Prime Minister Mahinda Rajapaksa states that the aim of the United National Party and the Samagi Jana Balavegaya is to gain power at Sirikotha.

The Prime Minister made this statement participating at a public rally held at Katupotha, Kurunegala yesterday.

Meanwhile, the new Consular General for Australia, Sydney, New South Wales and Queensland, Lakshman Hulugalle met Prime Minister Mahinda Rajapaksa.

The National Archaeology Conference was held at the Sri Lanka Foundation Institute this morning under the patronage of Prime Minister Mahinda Rajapaksa.<

The previous government took revenge from his family but did not serve the country – Prime Minister (Video)

July 8th, 2020

Courtesy Hiru News

Prime Minister Mahinda Rajapaksa says that the previous government acted to take revenge from his family and not to serve the country.

The Prime Minister said this while participating at a meeting held in Pannala yesterday.

Let candidates display their preferential numbers freely as before

July 7th, 2020

By Rohana R. Wasala

Shylock:
Ay, his breast:
So says the bond: doth it not, noble judge?
‘Nearest his heart:’ those are the very words.
……………………………………
…………………………..
Portia: 
Have by some surgeon, Shylock, on your charge,
To stop his wounds, lest he do bleed to death.

In Shakespeare’s play The Merchant of Venice, the vengeful usurer Shylock’s wicked attempt to settle an old score with honest Antonio who stood surety for a loan given to his friend and fellow merchant Bassanio is thwarted by Portia; Shylock demands a pound of flesh cut off from nearest the guarantor’s heart, as required in terms of a bond signed between him and the friends in case of the debtor failing to repay it by the due date. Portia, the rich lady love of Bassanio, contrives to hear the case herself, disguised as a learned doctor of laws. She skillfully demonstrates that the terms of the bond cannot be lawfully implemented if they are adhered to with literal strictness. In her epic judgement, she delivers justice to both Antonio and Shylock so that Antonio doesn’t have to die for his friend’s failure to repay the loan by the end of the agreed period; Shylock is spared capital punishment for trying to abuse the law to take revenge on Antonio, whom he hated. This sort of humane resolution of a conflict between the letter and the spirit of the law hasn’t happened in Sri Lanka recently. Ordinary Sri Lankans’ basic human rights have been  violated for nearly five long years courtesy the infamous ‘good governance’ anarchy and its lingering legacy. They are demanding justice. 

Anarchy is the antithesis of law and order, which is now being gradually but expeditiously restored where possible. This is the fulfilment of a basic need of government under the parliamentary system of democracy that we believe we still have. Under this system, the three main branches of government, legislative, executive, and judicial, are manned by humans (i.e., they operate through human agency). Men and women acting in these branches (MPs, President, and Judges, and various government functionaries including members of independent commissions) take moral as well as legal responsibility for their decisions which directly bear on the lives of all the citizens of the state including themselves. They can be relied upon to have a unique bond of cultural affinity in addition to natural human empathy with the general mass of the people, something we cannot and do not expect from foreigners. That is why we hate even a suggestion of imperialist foreign interference in our domestic affairs, particularly at the  governance level, that involves the aforementioned three organs of government. Under yahapalanaya, this reality appeared not to have been sufficiently recognized. Further, there was a crazy  disjointedness or lack of articulateness between the main branches of government, which ultimately made a mockery of democracy and national sovereignty. The essential law and order foundation of governance was undermined thereby.

With election campaigning hotting up, the Election Commission’s unprecedented decision to implement the 1981 parliamentary elections laws to the letter has run into controversy because it interferes with the accustomed way of electioneering by the candidates.  The 1981 election laws were in abeyance or were ignored for forty years since their enactment. There has been no complaint during that long period about any particular problems that had resulted from their  desuetude,. Were these normal times, various reasons could have been offered to justify it. The main reason would have to do with the much needed restoration of the deteriorated law and order situation in the country. 

But these are not normal times for the whole world, particularly due to the Covid-19 pandemic. It is more so for Sri Lanka, which is passing through the most critical phase of its political history since 1948, with what could be seen as occasional stirrings of an attempted return  of separatist terrorism in the north and the deadly arrival of jihadist terror, and the global superpower poking around with its own strategic geopolitical axe to grind in the form of the MCC agreement. Sri Lankans are anxiously waiting to elect a parliament that is capable of working with president Gotabaya. The EC’s role in conducting the election process is an unenviable one, given the unprecedented complications that have come up.

The unacceptable conduct of one of the EC members,  Ratnajeevan Hoole, (as shown, for example, in his advice, as reported in the media, to members of his own Tamil community in his hometown Jaffna not to vote for the SLPP) has brought that body to disrepute; the utterances and body language of EC chairman Mahinda Deshapriya seems to betray unnecessary fears about elections having to be held before the country is declared safe from Covid-19. But the government is managing the Covid-19 situation admirably well and the EC chairman need not wrack his brain about it. He has also given hints of his being a believer in the fallacy of an alleged majoritarian tendency among the majority Sinhalese Buddhist community that is peddled by racist anti-nationalists, and implicitly expressed caution about it.

In view of such instances of possible lack of impartiality on their part,  the EC’s sudden decision to implement some absurd election laws that had remained in abeyance for almost forty years since their passage does not go down well with the public, particularly with the parliamentary candidates. The stringent restrictions imposed on the free display of their preferential numbers are very unfair. But such measures as the strict imposition of a complete ban on the abuse of state property for propaganda work by any party or individual candidate are very welcome. Yet, this is the worst time imaginable for enacting so far safely ignored, unfairly restrictive, impractical regulations relating to the holding of the polls. Why should the EC try to add to the difficulties caused by unavoidable constraints slapped on physical movements by health authorities in these dangerous pandemic hit times? At this particular juncture, for Sri Lanka, the holding of free and fair elections in which each and every adult citizen must feel obliged to use their franchise and cast their vote without let or hindrance for whichever party or alliance of their choice is of paramount importance.

This is because, the ordinary voters are set to elect the best possible parliament under the circumstances at this historic hour. It will definitely be a robust parliament filled with a majority of MPs with integrity and pluck who are worthy of probably the most inspired, work-oriented president the country has ever got. The already assured sweeping victory of the ruling SLPP and the impending utter rout of the opposition that is in complete disarray have rendered competitive campaigning somewhat lacklustre, and uninspiring and unexciting like a game of cricket or football between two widely unmatched teams.  Unless the electoral contest is sufficiently intense and exciting, the eventual voter turnout is likely to be affected; a possible low turnout could proportionately diminish the value of the final outcome. This is not good for the  faction that is set to win, but the losing side will like it for obvious reasons. A prominent government party politician has suggested that the EC’s determination to make the polling process relatively confusing and cumbersome  might be a ploy to ensure this result.

Elect good, honest, educated, and morally upright people as MPs” is not a new slogan. It has been heard at least over the past half a century without any indication of its being heeded by anybody. This is because the voters have no choice over the matter. Parties nominate their candidates subject to various considerations that have little to do with their moral characters. This time, it may be assumed that there is a difference. The education and the moral background of candidates must have been taken care of  by the nomination committees of the parties, at least to some extent. Under the existing electoral system, people vote for a particular party, unlike in the olden days, when widely known respectable individuals were elected to represent a constituency. Then it was the individual candidate, as much as the party, that was chosen. Today, for getting elected to parliament, a candidate must get enough preferential votes among a number of contending candidates put forward by each party for multi-seat constituencies; so naturally there is a form of undeclared war among candidates within each political party. Displaying their preferential number in a striking way for the voters to remember is of vital importance for every candidate across the whole range of parties, alliances, and groups. EC’s virtual obstruction of this essential and reasonable propaganda requirement, through its unfair insistence on following the law to the letter is going to be particularly disadvantageous for the two most important types of candidates: the new and the materially poor. Candidates who are poor cannot afford expensive media advertising; the little known new ones find it hard to make their numbers stand out among the numbers assigned to veterans whose already well known names and previous designations render them conspicuous and memorable. So the veteran candidates of every party will not object to the EC’s tough stand in this regard, for it will mean that they have already won at least 75% of the internecine war for preference votes. This situation is most prejudicial to the newer fresher competitors, and also contrary to the generally shared desire among the voters to elect a decent lot to the august body. (Both the UNP and the SLPP, please work out the implications of this, and use the opportunity to get rid of the old rogues who contributed to the yahapalana to the detriment of the nation out of pure selfishness.)

It is high time the EC eased this restriction immediately, before the thousands of candidates resort to some other innovative, but problematic way to circumvent the formidable obstacle placed on their path. Let’s not forget that there are more than one way to skin a cat. 

Few Comments on the back ground images of TV news broadcasts

July 7th, 2020

Dr Sudath Gunasekara: Mahanuwara

 I find the Hiru News broadcasts alternatively display the following pictures

1 Galle Fort
2 Nelum pokuma Theatre
3 Ramboda Fall
4 Sigiiriya back side picture

I presume the idea of displaying pictures on the TV back ground screen at such time is to inspire viewers on things like, Natural scenic beauty, unique Cultural identity of a country, (like religious and architectural)  or engineering marvels etc among such other

Out of the above 4 items only the waterfall comes closer to this objective. Even then I would prefer St Clears, Devon, or Diyaluma at least to appear alternatively.

Galle fort is only a remnant of ugly colonial vestige that has nothing to do with our historical prestige. It  only reminds us of a sad and ugly legacy of repressive colonial past left behind by a colonial invade that haunts our minds

Nelum pokuna may be an important cultural place. But the front picture does not display any such cultural beauty. It resembles only an ugly iron railing to the human eye There is hardly any esthetic beauty it displays.

The 4th item Sigiriya completely deletes the popular image of Sigiriya we have in mind. I would appeal to those responsible to replace it immediately with the magnificent front view of that citadel and masterpiece by our ancient Sinhala engineers that is universally accepted and acclaimed as Sigiriya the 8th wonder of the world

As a patriotic citizen (Sinhala Buddhist) I would appreciate if all TV artists take my comments as constructive

 Further I would like if all TVV could follow this principle in future in selecting background shots to achieve objectives like inspire the natives especially their children of the marvelous achievements , of the ancestors, adds publicity to the  motherland among tourists so that you can attract more of them and leave indelible mental images of this Resplendent Island, the Paradise on earth, the Pearl of the Indian Ocean, the cynosure of the Great East W sea and Air roots, Legendary Kingdom of mighty Ravana and the proud repository of marvelous ancient Sinhala Buddhist Architecture and sculpturing, master pieces of irrigation and agricultural technology like unique terraced paddy fields of Alagalla,  Walapane and Poddalgoda .

To help you to achieve these objectives I would like to mention few items here for your convenience.

Ruwanweliseya, Jayasri Mahaa Bodhia,Galviharala, Avukana, Yapahuwa, Samadhi pilimata, Jetavanaraamaya the highest brickwork and the 4th man made edifice  in the ancient world, Sri Dalada Maligava Kandy with the lake, Samanala kanda,  the 18 bends on the Kandy Mahiyangana road, Nuwara Eliya, Hakgala an dPeradeniy aBotanical  gardens, Akasa Chaiyya Mihintale, Victoria Dam in spill, Parakrama samudraya, Galoya Tank and Lakegala (the Abode of Mighty Ravana from where he ruled his Lankapura and set the time for his entire Empire and the biggest bare  rock outcrop on earth the only instant where a Rock has been named after a Country and  a country has been named after a rock, conversely.

I am attaching a rare picture of Lakegala ‘The Legendary Abode of Ravana the Great” here for your convenience .

Dr. Sudath Gunasekara

(This was the picture I designed for my book Cover ‘Lakegala Pamula_Meemure”. You can edit it to suit the screen by deleting my name and the words Lakegala Pamula Meemure. But the legend Lokaye visaalatama niravaranitha galkula Galaka namin Ratak Rataka namin galak” must remain, as that is the focal message I want to give to the world).

PS: Special Attention of Mr  Rangana De Siva: The versatile News broadcaster and commentator

The coming economic crash will be like NOTHING in history

July 7th, 2020

By Professor Richard Wolff

Professor of Economics Richard Wolff explains the dire direction our economy is headed towards as unemployment continues to skyrocket.

INDIA SATP – SOUTH ASIA INTELLIGENCE REVIEW

July 7th, 2020

SATP – SOUTH ASIA

Government designates nine persons as terrorists for trying to revive militancy in Punjab: Government declared nine persons including Gurpatwant Singh Pannu, the US-based legal adviser of the banned pro-Khalistan organisation, Sikhs For Justice (SFJ), as terrorists under the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act (UAPA) for their involvement in acts of terror and pushing Khalistan movement on July 1. The other individuals include – Wadhawa Singh Babbar, Lakhbir Singh, Ranjeet Singh, Paramjit Singh, Bhupinder Singh Bhinda, Gurmeet Singh Bagga, Hardeep Singh Nijjar and Paramjit Singh. The SFJ is the brain behind the “Khalistan 2020 referendum” and Pannu has been seen actively running a campaign against India and motivating Sikh youth from Punjab to join militancy. The Tribune, July 2, 2020.

Government blocks access to 40 websites run by SFJ in India:The Central Government on July 5 said that it has blocked nearly 40 websites that were being run and operated by the US-based pro-Khalistan outfit Sikh For Justice (SFJ), which has been declared as an “unlawful organisation” under the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act, 1967. The spokesperson of the Union Ministry of Home Affairs (UMHA) said the action has been taken following the banned outfit launched a campaign for registering supporters for its cause – ‘referendum 2020’. The Tribune, July 6, 2020.

වර්ජිල් – අමරණීය රෝමානු කවියා

July 7th, 2020

වෛද්‍ය රුවන් එම් ජයතුංග 

පබ්ලියස් වර්ජිලියස් මාරෝ නොහොත්  වර්ජිල් ඔගස්ටාන් යුගයේ පුරාණ රෝම කවියෙකි. ඔහු උපත ලැබුවේ  ක්‍රි.පූ. 70 දී  උතුරු ඉතාලියේ බව කියවේ. වර්ජිල්ව තමන් ගේ ශ්‍රේෂ්ඨතම කවියා ලෙස රෝමවරුන් විසින් සලකනු ලැබීය.  

රෝම සාහිත්‍යය ආරම්භ වූයේ ක්‍රි.පූ. 3 වන සියවසේ අග භාගයේදී ප්ලූටස්, ටෙරන්ස් සහ එන්නියස් වැනි විකට නාට්‍ය රචකයන් බිහි වීමත් සමඟ ය. රෝම කාව්‍යයන්ගේ ස්වර්ණමය යුගය (ක්‍රි.පූ. 70 – ක්‍රි.ව. 14) වර්ජිල්, හෝරස්, කැටලස්, ප්‍රොපෝර්ටියස්, ටිබුලස් සහ ඕවිඩ් වැනි  ලේඛකයින් බිහි කළේය. වර්ජිල් තම පාඨකයන්ට රෝමය පිළිබඳ වඩාත් ආදර හැඟීමක් ඇති කළේය. වර්ජිල්ගේ තේමාවන් බොහෝමයක් පෙන්නුම් කරන්නේ ග්‍රාමීය ජීවිතයට ඔහු දක්වන ආදරයයි.  

වර්ජිල්ගේ නිර්මාණ බටහිර සාහිත්‍යයට පුළුල් හා ගැඹුරු බලපෑමක් ඇති කර තිබේ. පළවන වන සියවසේ රෝමානු විචාරකකු  වන ක්වින්ටිලියන්  අධ්‍යාපන විෂය මාලාව වර්ජිල්ගේ කෘති මත පදනම් විය යුතු බවට නිර්දේශ කළේය. බටහිර රෝම අධිරාජ්‍යය බිඳ වැටෙද්දී පවා වර්ජිල් දක්‍ෂ කවියෙකු බව සාක්‍ෂරතාවයෙන් යුත් පිරිස් පිළිගත් හ.  ඩන්ටේගේ ගේ ඩිවයින් කොමඩි  වීර කාව්‍යයේ වර්ජිල් ගෞරවනීය ස්ථානයකට පත් කොට තිබෙන අතර වන අතර වර්ජිල් කවියා නිරය සහ පිරිසිදු කිරීම හරහා පාරාදීසයේ දොරටු දක්වා මඟ පෙන්නෙකුගේ තත්වයට පත් කොට ඇත.

වර්ජිල් තම ජීවිතය මුළුමනින්ම කැප කළේ කාව්‍ය අධ්‍යනයනය සඳහා ය. වර්ජිල් ඔහුගේ කාලයේ පැවති ප්‍රධාන දාර්ශනික පද්ධති වන එපිකියුරියන්වාදය සහ ස්ටොයිකවාදය විධිමත් ලෙස අධ්‍යයනය කළේය. ඔහුගේ සෞඛ්‍යය කිසි විටෙකත් ශක්තිමත් නොවූ අතර ඔහු හමුදා හෝ දේශපාලන ජීවිතයේ කිසිදු කාර්‍යභාරයක් ඉටු කළේ නැත. ග්‍රීක කවියෙකු වූ තියොක්‍රිටස්ගේ ආභාෂය ලැබූ වර්ජිල් සිය පළමු ප්‍රධාන කෘතිය වන එක්ලොග්ස් ( Eclogues ) රචනා කළේය. වර්ජිල්  හට ග්‍රීක කවියෙකු වන හෙසියොඩ්ගේ කෘති වල බලෑමක් තිබුණි.  තවද වර්ජිල් ග්‍රීක කවියෙකු වූ තියොක්‍රිටස් ගේ කාව්‍ය සංග්‍රහයන් කෙරෙහි ආශක්ත විය.  වර්ජිල් ලතින් කාව්‍යයේ විප්ලවීය වෙනසක් කලේය. 

රෝම අධිරාජ්‍යයේ පළමු අධිරාජ්‍යයා වූ  ක්‍රි.පූ 27  බලයට පැමිණි ඔගස්ටස් සීසර් විසින් රෝමය සහ රෝම ජනතාව උත්කර්‍ෂයට නංවන වීර කාව්‍යයක් ලිවීමට වර්ජිල්ට  පවරන ලදි. රෝමයේ පළමු අධිරාජ්‍යයා වූ ඔගස්ටස් සාහිත්‍යයේ ප්‍රචාරක වටිනාකම වටහා ගත් අතර, එබැවින් ඔහු ලේඛකයින් දිරිමත් කලේය. ඔගස්ටස්ගේ පාලනය බොහෝ විට රෝමයේ ස්වර්ණමය යුගය ලෙස හැඳින්වේ. ප්‍රධාන කවියන් වන වර්ජිල් සහ ඕවිඩ් විසින් රෝම කවි ලිවීම ඇතුළු බොහෝ සංස්කෘතික ජයග්‍රහණවල යුගය මෙය විය. නව අධිරාජ්‍යයා වූ ඔගස්ටස් සීසර්ට සාම්ප්‍රදායික රෝම සදාචාරාත්මක සාරධර්ම නැවත හඳුන්වා දීම තුළින් සමෘද්ධියේ හා සාමයේ නව යුගයක් ඇති කිරීමට අවශ්‍ය විය. ඔගස්ටස්ට අවශ්‍ය වූයේ රෝමවරුන්ට තමන්ගේම වීර කාව්‍යයක් තිබීමටයි. මෙම අරමුණු පිළිබිඹු කිරීමක් ලෙස වර්ජිල් ඇනෙයිඩ්   ( The Aeneid”) කාව්‍ය ලිවීය. 

ඇනයිඩ් , ට්‍රෝජන් වීරයා වන ඊනියාස් තමාට සහ ඔහුගේ කුඩා අනුගාමිකයින්ට නව නිජබිමක් සොයා ගැනීමට ගත් උත්සාහය ගැන කියයි. මෙය යුද්ධයට මුහුණ දෙන වීරයකු පිළිබඳ කතාවකි. ඇත්ත වශයෙන්ම, ඊනියාස් හෝමර්ගේ චරිතයකි. ට්‍රෝජන් යුද්ධයේ කපිතාන්වරයෙකු ලෙස ඉනියාස් පෙනී සිටින අතර ට්‍රෝජන් නායකයා ලෙස ඇපලෝ සහ නෙප්චූන් යන දෙදෙනාම ඔහුගේ අනාගත අනාගතය වෙනුවෙන් ඔහුව බේරා ගනී. අනෙකුත් රෝමානු කතුවරුන් වර්ජිල්ට පෙර ඊනියාස් ගැන කතන්දර ලියා ඇත, නමුත් නිර්මාණශීලීත්වය සහ බලපෑම පිළිබඳ කිසිවෙකු ඇනයිඩ් වෙත සමීප නොවීය.

වර්ජිල් සිය වීර කාව්‍යය ලියමින් සිටියදී ඔගස්ටස් පුරාණ රෝම ජනරජය වෙනුවට නව ආකාරයක රජයක් පත් කිරීමට කටයුතු කරමින් සිටියේය. ඔගස්ටස් අධිරාජ්‍යා සිය රාජධානියේ  සියලු අංශ පාලනය කළේය.  ඔගස්ටස් අධිරාජ්‍යයාට රෝමවරුන්ගේ කීර්තිමත් හා පුරාණ ඉතිහාසයක් රෝමවරුන්ට ලබා දීමට ඔහුට අවශ්‍ය වූ අතර රෝමයේ අනාගත මහිමය පුරෝකථනය කළේය. ඔගස්ටස්ගේ අභිප්‍රායන් හුදෙක් ජාතිකවාදී නොවීය.  ජනරජය යනු පුරාණ හා ගෞරවයට පාත්‍ර වූ ආයතනයකි. ඔගස්ටස්ට තමා සහ ඔහුගේ නව රජය වඩාත් පුරාණ හා ඊටත් වඩා ගෞරවයට පාත්‍ර කිරීමට ක්‍රමයක් අවශ්‍ය විය. ඔගස්ටස් වර්ජිල් ඉදිරියේ තැබූ කාර්‍යය ඇනෙයිඩ් මගින් සනිටුහන් කරයි.

පුරාණ වීර කාව්‍යය- එපික් කවි යනු සාමාන්‍යයෙන් වීරයන්ගේ මහා ක්‍රියාවන් පිළිබඳ විස්තරයකි, බොහෝ විට යුද්ධය, භයානක ගමන් හෝ වික්‍රමාන්විතයන් සම්බන්ධ වේ.  ඒවා ද දිගු වේ. ඇනෙයිඩ්  පද පේළි 10,000 කට ආසන්න ය. පුරාණ වීර කාව්‍යය වල ශක්තිමත් වීරෝධාර මිනිසුන් , වඩා ආකර්‍ෂණීය හා දෙවිවරුන්ට සමීප වූ ලෝකයක්  විස්තර කෙරෙන අතර ඇත්ත වශයෙන්ම දෙවිවරුන් බොහෝ විට වීර කාව්‍යයේ වැදගත් කාර්‍යභාරයක් ඉටු කරයි.  උගත් රෝම ජාතිකයෙකුට, එපික් කාව්‍ය යනු ග්‍රීක නව නිපැයුමක් වන අතර, එහි වඩාත්ම ප්‍රසිද්ධ උදාහරණ වන්නේ ට්‍රෝජන් යුද්ධයට සම්බන්ධ ග්‍රීක වීරයන්ගේ කථා පැවසූ හෝමර්ස් ඉලියඩ් සහ ඔඩිසි ය.  

රෝමානු කවියන් තමන්ගේම සමාජයේ කථා පැවසීමට උත්සහ කළහ. එසේ කළ පළමු තැනැත්තා වූයේ කාර්තේජ් සමඟ පනික් යුද්ධය පිළිබඳ කාව්‍යයක් ලියූ නේවියස් ය.   මොවුන් අතරින් වර්ජිල් සුවිශේෂී ස්ථානයක් දරයි. ඔහුගේ  ඇනෙයිඩ් කාව්‍යයේ ප්‍රධාන චරිතය වූ වීරෝදාර ඊනියාස් තම පෞද්ගලික වාසි වලට වඩා තම රටට සහ එහි ප්‍රමුඛතාවයට කැපවූ සහ පක්‍ෂපාතී මිනිසෙකු ලෙස නිරූපණය කොට ඇත.වර්ජිල් රෝමානු යන්නෙන් අදහස් කරන්නේ කුමක්ද යන්න පිළිබිඹු කිරීම සඳහා මිථ්‍යා පසුබිම හා චරිත භාවිතා කරන අතර අතීතය සහ වර්තමානය අතර සම්බන්ධතා ඇති කරයි. මේ අනුව ඉනියාස් සහ ඔහුගේ සගයන් ඉතාලියේදී මුහුණ දෙන අරගලයන් හොඳ රෝම ජාතිකයෙකු ජීවත් විය යුතු ආකාරය, ඔහු සතුව තිබිය යුතු සාරධර්ම සහ දුෂ්කර අවස්ථාවන්ට මුහුණ දිය යුතු ආකාරය පිළිබඳව පැහැදිලි කරයි. යුද්ධය රෝම මෙහෙයුමේ අත්‍යවශ්‍ය අංගයක් බවත්, මිලිටරි ගැටුම් තුළින් සාමය උදා වන බවත් වර්ජිල් පෙන්වා දෙයි. තවද යහපත් රෝමවරයෙක් දයාව හා පළිගැනීම සමබර කළ යුතු ආකාරය පිලිබඳව ඔහු කතා කරයි.

හෝමර්ට අභියෝග කිරීම සඳහා රෝමානු වීර කාව්‍යයක් ලිවීමේ අභිලාශය වර්ජිල් හට තම  ජීවිත කාලය පුරාම තිබුනේය. ඔහු සිය ජීවිතයේ අවසාන වසර දහය තුළ    ඇනෙයිඩ් කාව්‍යයේ පොත් දොළහෙහි වැඩ කළ අතර එය හෝමර්ගේ ඔඩිසි” සහ ඉලියඩ්” මත ආකෘතිගත කළේය. ඔහුගේ ඇනෙයිඩ්  කාව්‍යය රෝමයේ උත්තරීතර කාව්‍ය සංග්‍රහයක් ලෙස සැලකේ. එහෙත් ඇනෙයිඩ් සම්පූර්ණයෙන්ම අවසන් වීමට පෙර ක්‍රි.පූ. 19 දී වර්ජිල් මිය ගියේය. ඔහු ඇනෙයිඩ් කාව්‍යය ගැන සතුටු නොවූ අතර එය විනාශ කරන ලෙස ඔහුගේ මිතුරා වූ ලුසියස් වරියස් රූෆස්ගෙන් ඉල්ලා සිටියේය. එහෙත් ඔහුගේ මිතුරන් ඇනෙයිඩ් කාව්‍ය සංග්‍රහය විනාශ කලේ නැත.  කෙසේ වෙතත්, අසම්පූර්ණ වූවත්, ඇනෙයිඩ් සාහිත්‍ය කෘතියක් ලෙසත් රෝම අධිරාජ්‍යයේ උත්කෘෂ්ටත්වයට සාක්‍ෂියක් ලෙසත් වහාම හඳුනා ගන්නා ලදී.  

ඇනෙයිඩ් ලතින් වීර කාව්‍යයේ විශිෂ්ටතම උදාහරණය සහ රෝම අනන්‍යතාවයේ මුල් ගලක් බවට පත්විය. රෝමවරුන් තමන් සහ ඔවුන්ගේ සංස්කෘතිය දුටු ආකාරය සහ රෝම ජාතිකයෙකු වීමට අදහස් කළේ කුමක්ද යන්න ගැන ඇනෙයිඩ් අපට බොහෝ දේ පවසයි. වර්ජිල්ගේ කවි, විශේෂයෙන් ඇනෙයිඩ් වසර 2,000 කට වැඩි කාලයක් පැවති අතර අදටත් කියවා විශ්ලේෂණය කර ඇත. ඔහුගේ කවි වල උපුටා ගැනීම් පොම්පෙයි හි කැණීම් කළ බිත්තිවල පවා තිබී ඇත.  

ඇනෙයිඩ් හි භූගෝලීය අවකාශය විශේෂිතය. වර්ජිල් උතුරු අප්‍රිකාවේ පිහිටි කාර්තගේ, ජූනෝගේ ප්‍රියතම නගරය, පොහොසත් හා පැරණි ෆිනීෂියානු ජනාවාස පිළිබඳ පසුබිමක් ලබා දෙයි ( නූතන ටියුනීසියාව).  වර්ජිලියානු භූ විද්‍යාව ඔහුගේ කවිය පුරා රැව්දේ.

වර්ජිල්ගේ විශිෂ්ඨතම  කෘතිය ලෙසත් බටහිර සාහිත්‍ය ඉතිහාසයේ වැදගත්ම කාව්‍යයක් ලෙසත් ඇනෙයිඩ් පුළුල් ලෙස සැලකේ.  ඇනෙයිඩ් , හෝමර්ගේ වීර කාව්‍යයන් වන ඉලියඩ් සහ ඔඩිසිගේ සාහිත්‍ය ආකෘතිය අනුගමනය කර ඇත.  ඇනෙයිඩ් හි තේමාව වූයේ රෝමුලස් සහ ඔහුගේ සහෝදර රෙමස් විසින් රෝමය ආරම්භ කිරීම පිලිබඳවය. රෝමයේ අනාගතය, ඔගස්ටස්, ඔහුගේ මුතුන් මිත්තන් සහ ප්‍රසිද්ධ රෝමවරුන් සහ කාර්තජීනියානු යුද්ධ පිළිබඳ අනාවැකි වලින් ඇනෙයිඩ් පිරී තිබේ. ඇනෙයිඩ්  කාව්‍යය අවසානයේ අශුභවාදී හා දේශපාලනිකව ඔගස්ටාන් තන්ත්‍රයට යටත් කිරීමක් ලෙස දකින අතර තවත් සමහරු එය නව අධිරාජ්‍ය රාජවංශයේ සැමරුමක් ලෙස සලකති. 

ඇනෙයිඩ් යනු ට්‍රෝජන්ගේ පැවැත්ම, විපත්තියෙන් ජය ගැනීම සහ කෙනෙකුගේ ඉරණම සපුරාලීම පිළිබඳ කතාවකි. එය ගෞරවය හා පක්ෂපාතිත්වය පිළිබඳ කතාවකි. ඇනෙයිඩ් කාව්‍යයේ ප්‍රධාන චරිතය ලෙස, ඊනියාස් ඔහුගේ හැඟීම් සහ රෝමය සොයා ගැනීම සඳහා වූ ඔහුගේ අනාවැකිමය යුතුකම කෙරෙහි ඇති කැපවීම පෙන්වයි. ට්‍රෝජන් යුද්ධයේ අවසාන දිනවල ට්‍රෝයි ගිනි තැබීමේදී දිවි ගලවාගත් ට්‍රෝජන් කුමාරයෙකු වන ඊනියාස්   ඉතාලියට ගිය ගමන සහ ඔහු එහි පැමිණි පසු ඔහු කළ යුද්ධ  ඇනෙයිඩ් කාව්‍යය විස්තර කරයි.  ඊනියාස්  ජාතිවාදී සාරධර්මවලට ඇලුම් කිරීමෙන් කැපී පෙනෙන මිනිසෙකි. තම පුතාගේ අනාගතය සහ රෝමයේ ඉරණම වෙනුවෙන්  පුද්ගලික සතුට ප්‍රතික්ෂේප කරයි. පුද්ගලයා සාමූහිකයට යටත් කිරීම බොහෝ විට රෝමානු දෘෂ්ටිවාදයේ ප්‍රධාන අංගයක් ලෙස දැකිය හැකි අතර, ඊනියාස් හි එහි ප්‍රතිමූර්තිය වීර කාව්‍යයේ කේන්ද්‍රීය ලක්ෂණයකි.  

ඇනෙයිඩ් කාව්‍යය ආරම්භ වන්නේ ට්‍රෝජන් නාවික හමුදාව ඉතාලිය දෙසට යාත්‍රා කිරීමත් සමඟ ය. උතුරු අප්‍රිකාවේ වෙරළ තීරයේ ඇති වූ කුණාටුවකින් ඔවුන් නැව් ගසාගෙන යන විට, දෙවිවරුන්ගේ රැජින වන ජූනෝ විසින් ඔවුන්ට වෛර කරන අතර,  ඔවුන් ඉතාලියට පැමිණීම වැළැක්වීමට උත්සාහ  කරයි. ෆීනිසියාවෙන් (නූතන ලෙබනනය හා සිරියාව) මෑතකදී සංක්‍රමණය වූ කාර්තජීනියානුවන්ගේ නායක ඩීඩෝ රැජින මෙහි දී ඔවුන්ට හමු වන අතර නව නගරයක් වන කාර්තේජ් (පොත 1) ආරම්භ කරමින් සිටී.  ට්‍රොයිගේ විනාශය (2 වන පොත) සහ ඔහු පසුකාලීනව මධ්‍යධරණී මුහුද වටා ගමන් කිරීම (3 වන පොත) ගැන ඩීනෝට ඊනියාස් පවසයි. ඔහු සහ ඩිඩෝ ඉක්මනින්ම ආදරයෙන් බැඳී සිටියත්, ඉනියාස් ඉතාලියේ කළ මෙහෙවර අමතක කිරීමේ අවදානමට ලක්ව ඇත, එබැවින් දෙවිවරුන්ගේ රජු වන බ්‍රහස්පති තම රාජකාරිය සිහිපත් කිරීම සඳහා බුධ ග්‍රහයා තම දූතයා යවයි. ඊනියාස්ගේ හදිසි ඉවත්වීම ඩීඩෝව විනාශයට පත් කළ අතර ඇය සියදිවි නසාගෙන අනාගත රෝමානුවන් සහ කාර්තජීනියානුවන් අතර සදාකාලික වෛරය ප්‍රකාශ කරයි (4 වන පොත). සිසිලියේ නැවතුමකින් පසු (5 වන පොත), තම පියාගේ අවතාරයට කථා කිරීම සඳහා ඊනියාස් පාතාලයට (නිරයට)   යන අතර අනාගත ශ්‍රේෂඨ රෝමවරුන්ගේ ආත්මයන් ඔහු දකී (පොත 6). අවසානයේදී ඔහුට ඉතාලියට පැමිණිය හැකි අතර, එහිදී ඔහුව මුලින් පිළිගනු ලබන්නේ ප්‍රාදේශීය ලතින් රජු වන අතර, ට්‍රෝජන් සහ ලතින් ජාතිකයන් අතර සාමය මුද්‍රා තැබීම සඳහා ඔහුගේ දියණිය වන ලවීනියා විවාහයට අත දෙන බවට පොරොන්දු වෙයි. කෙසේ වෙතත්, අනෙකුත් ඉතාලියානුවන් මෙම විධිවිධානයට අමනාප වන අතර, ලතින්ගේ විවාහය බලාපොරොත්තුවෙන් සිටි ලතින්ගේ බිරිඳ අමාටා සහ ඉතාලි කුමරු ටර්නස් ද වූහ. ට්‍රෝජන් සහ ඉතාලියානුවන් අතර යුද්ධය ඉක්මනින්ම ඇනියාස්ගේ කලකිරීමට පත්වේ (7 වන පොත). ඊනියාස් තවත් ප්‍රාදේශීය රජෙකු වන එවාන්ඩර්ව හමු වේ.  

ඇනෙයිඩ් කවියෙහි අවසානය අර්ථ නිරූපණය කරන්නේ කෙසේද යන්න විද්වතුන් වසර ගණනාවක් තිස්සේ විවාද කර ඇත. වර්ජිල් ඔහුගේ කාව්‍යය යුද්ධයේ අවසානය, ජාතීන් දෙක අතර සංහිඳියාව, සමහර විට ඊනියාස්ගේ ලැවිනියාව හා විවාහය හෝ ලවීනියම් පදනම විස්තර කිරීමෙන් විස්තර කරනු ඇතැයි අපේක්ෂා කළ හැකිය.

ඊනියාස්  ගේ මනෝභාවයන් වර්ජිල්  විස්තර කරයි. ට්‍රෝජන් වීරයා වන ඊනියාස් අනුකම්පා විරහිතව ලතින් රණශූර ටර්නස්ව මරා දමයි.  ටර්නස් ඊනියාස්ගේ සතුරෙක් විය. ඔහු ඉලියඩ් හි ඇචිලීස් සම්බන්ධයෙන් හෙක්ටර්ට සමාන විය. කාව්‍යයේ අවසාන කොටස්වල ඊනියාස්ගේ චිත්තවේගීය පාලනය බිඳ වැටීම පෙන්වයි.  හෝමර් ගේ  ඔඩීසි   කාව්‍යයේ එන ඔඩිසියස්ගේ බලයට වඩා ඊනියාස්ගේ බලය බෙහෙවින් අඩු ය. වර්ජිල් , ඊනියාස් ඔහුගේ ග්‍රීක සගයන්ට වඩා වෙනස් වීරයෙකු බවට පත් කරයි. ඇචිලීස් කෙතරම් ආත්මාර්ථකාමීද ?  ඔහු තම සහෝදරවරුන්ට මිය යාමට ඉඩ දෙයි. ඇචිලීස් සටන් කරන්නේ තමන් ගේ කීර්තිය වෙනුවෙනි.  ඔඩිසියස් සිවලෙකු මෙන් කපටි බව හෝමර් පවසයි. ඔඩිසියස් ඔහුගේ අණ යටතේ ග්‍රීකයන් ගණනාවක් සමඟ ට්‍රෝයි හැර ගියේය. ඔහු ඉටාකා වෙත යන විට, ඔහු පමණක් ජීවතුන් අතර සිටියේය. එහෙත් ඊනියාස් යනු සම්පූර්ණයෙන්ම වෙනස් වීරයෙකි. ඔඩිසියස් ආත්මාර්ථකාමී වන තැන, ඊනියාස් පරාර්ථකාමීය ය. ඇචිලීස් ඔහුගේ ඉරණමට එරෙහිව අරගල කරන තැන, ඊනියාස් ඔහුගේ ඉරණම පිළිගනී.  ඔඩිසියස් වැනි පැරණි කවි වල වීරයන්ට වඩා ඊනියාස්ගේ අභ්‍යන්තර කැලඹීම් සහ අඩුපාඩු නිසා ඔහු යථාර්ථවාදී චරිතයක් බවට පත් කරයි. මේ අර්ථයෙන් වර්ජිල් සම්භාව්‍ය යථාර්ථවාදයේ පදනම සැකසෙන සෙනෙකා වැනි පසුකාලීන රෝමානු කවියන්ට මග පෑදීය. 

ඇනෙයිඩ් හි ස්ත්‍රී කතිකාව පිළිබඳ සංකල්ප, අදහස් වැදගත් වේ. කාතේජ් රැජින වන ඩීඩෝ  ඊනියාස් සමඟ ප්‍රේම සම්බන්ධයක් හා ලිංගික සම්බන්ධතාවයකින් පසුව ඇති වූ ඛේදජනක චරිතයකි. වර්ජිල් පෙන්වා දෙන පරිදි ඩීඩෝගේ චරිතය අතිශය චිත්තවේගීය දෝලනයක් පෙන්නුම් කරන අතර, ඇය ත්‍යාගශීලී වීමට හා එක් මොහොතකට ආදරය කිරීමට සිට  ඊළඟ මොහොතේ කෝපයට පත්වීමට හැකියාවක් ඇති බව පෙන්නුම් කරන්නීය. ඇය චිතාවේගීය වශයෙන් අසමබරය. ඩිඩෝ හුදෙක් සාමාන්‍ය කාන්තාවක් හෝ රෝම කාන්තාවක් නොවේ.ඇය රැජිණකි. ඇයගේ රාජාණ්ඩුවේ ස්ථාවරය ඇගේ ස්ත්‍රීත්වය සමඟ ආතතියට පත්ව ඇත. 

ඊනියාස්ට ඩිඩෝ මුණ ගැසෙන්නේ අහම්බයෙන් මධ්‍යධරණී මුහුදේදීය. ඊනියාස් සහ ඔහුගේ සෙසු ට්‍රෝජන්වරු ග්‍රීකයන් විසින් විනාශ කර ඇති ට්‍රෝයි නගරයෙන් පලා යති. ඔවුන් යාත්‍රා කරන්නේ ඉතාලියටයි. එහිදී රෝමය සොයා ගැනීමට ඊනියාස්ට හැකි වෙයි..  ඔවුන් තම ගමනාන්තයට ළං වන විට දරුණු කුණාටුවක් ඔවුන්ව ඉවතට විසි කර කාර්තේජ් වෙත ගොඩ බැස්සවිය. කාර්තේජ් හි නිර්මාතෘ සහ රැජින වන ඩිඩෝ ඔවුන්ව සාදරයෙන් පිළිගත්තාය.  ඩීඩෝ, ඊනියාස්ගේ නිර්භීතකම  ගැන පැහැදී සිටින්නීය. ඩීඩෝ  ඊනියාස් සමඟ ආදරයෙන් බැඳී සිටී. ඊනියාස් එම හැඟීම නැවත ලබා දෙන බවක් පෙනෙන්නට ඇති අතර, දෙදෙනාම පෙමින් වෙලෙති . පසුව ඩීඩෝ උපකල්පනය කරන්නේ ඔවුන් විවාහක බවයි. ඊනියාස් සහ ඔහුගේ ජනතාව කාර්තේජ් හි පදිංචි වී ගෞරවනීය ස්ථාන ලබා ගනු ඇත. කෙසේවෙතත්, තමාට කාර්තේජ් හි රැඳී සිටිය නොහැකි බව ඊනියාස් දනී. ඊනියාස්ට රැඳී සිටීමට අවශ්‍ය නමුත් දෙවිවරුන් පැහැදිලි කරන්නේ ඔහුගේ ඉරණම පවතින්නේ ඉතාලියේ මිස අප්‍රිකාවේ නොවන බවයි. ඊනියාස් ඩීඩෝ අතහැර දමා යාත්‍රා කරද්දී ඩීඩෝ සිය දිවි නසාගන්නීය. මිය යන හුස්මෙන් ඇය ඊනියාස්ට ශාප කරයි.  මෙම කතාව එක්තරා අන්දමකට විජය කුවේනී පෙම් පුවත මෙනි. 

රෝමියෝ සහ ජුලියට් සමඟ සමපාතව ඩීඩෝ සහ ඊනියාස්ගේ විනාශකාරී ප්‍රේමය බටහිර සාහිත්‍යයේ වඩාත්ම කල් පවත්නා තේමාවක් බවට පත්විය. මෙම කතාව සමඟ වර්ජිල් උත්සාහ කළේ රෝමයේ කාතේජ් සමඟ ඇති අමුතු සම්බන්ධතාවය පැහැදිලි කිරීමට ය. රෝමය කුඩා හා බල රහිත වූ විට එයට කාර්තජීනියානුවන්ගෙන් සැලකිය යුතු ආධාර ලැබුණි. එහෙත් රෝමයේ බලය හා අභිලාෂය වර්ධනය වෙත්ම එහි පැරණි සගයා එහි ප්‍රධාන ප්‍රතිවාදියා බවට පත්විය. රෝමය අවසානයේදී කාර්තේජ් සම්පූර්ණයෙන්ම විනාශ කළේය. වර්ජිල්ගේ වාර්තාවෙන් ඇඟවෙන්නේ ඔවුන්ට තවමත් සංස්කෘතික වරදකාරී හැඟීමක් දැනී ඇති බවයි.

ඇනෙයිඩ් කාව්‍යයේ එන තවත් ප්‍රබල කාන්තා චරිතයක් වන ලවීනියා දෙස හැරෙමු. ලවීනියා ඇනයිඩ් වෙත දක්වන දායකත්වය සම්පූර්ණයෙන් තක්සේරු කිරීමට නම්, ඇය ආඛ්‍යානය කෙරෙහි ඇති කළ බලපෑම, එහි වර්ධනය සහ ඇනෙයිඩ් අතිමහත් අරමුන තුළ ඇයගේ ස්ථාවරය යන දෙකම ගවේෂණය කළ යුතුය. ඊනියාස්ගේ භෞතික හා සදාචාරාත්මක ගමනේ අවසාන ගමනාන්තය ලෙස ලවීනියාගේ ආගමනය පෙන්වා දිය හැකිය.  ඊනියාස් සමඟ ඇයගේ විවාහයෙන් පෙනී යන්නේ ඇය කාව්‍යයේ  වැදගත්ම චරිතයක් වන අතර එය ආඛ්‍යානයේ ගාමක බලවේගයක් බවයි.  ඇනෙයිඩ් දෙවන භාගය අත්පත් කර ගත් යුද්ධය, ලවීනියාව සහ ලැටියම් දේශය වෙන් කළ නොහැකි වස්තුවක් බවට පත්වන අතර, ජයග්‍රහණයේ ප්‍රතිඑලයක් ලෙස භූමිය සහ ස්ත්‍රිය යන දෙකම අත්කර ගනී.  ඇය ඊනියාස්ගේ ඉරණමට සහ රෝම ජාතියේ ආරම්භයට අත්‍යවශ්‍ය කෙරෙන චරිතයකි. 

ඊනියාස් සහ ලවීනියා එක්සත් වීම සහතික කිරීම සඳහා දිව්‍යමය මැදිහත් වීමක් අවශ්‍ය වෙයි. අද්භූත බලවේග රෝම සමාජය තුළ අත්‍යවශ්‍ය ස්ථානයක් දැරූ නිසා දෙවිවරුන්ගේ නැවත මැදිහත්වීම රෝම ප්‍රේක්‍ෂකයින්ට ලවීනියා සහ ඊනියාස්ගේ විවාහයේ වැදගත්කම අවධාරණය කරනු ඇත. එබැවින් ඔවුන්ගේ මැදිහත්වීම විවාහයේ පරම වැදගත්කම පිළිබිඹු කිරීමක් ලෙස  පෙන්වයි. ලවීනියා දේශපාලන වැදගත්කමක් දරන්නීය. ලවීනියාවේ දේශපාලන ඉදිකිරීම වර්ජිල් ලියූ සමකාලීන දේශපාලනය පිළිබිඹු කරයි. ලාවීනියාගේ විවාහය ඉනියාස් නියම කරනු ලැබුවේ දෛවය තුළ වන අතර එමඟින් රෝම ජාතිය ආරම්භ කිරීම වැළැක්විය නොහැකි වෙයි. ඊනියාස්-පුරාවෘත්තය’ දේශපාලන උපකරණයක සිට ජාතික අනන්‍යතාවයක් ප්‍රකාශ කිරීමේ මාධ්‍යයක් බවට පරිවර්තනය කළේය. ඇනෙයිඩ් රෝමයේ මූලාරම්භය විස්තර කරන අතර යුද්ධයට සාමයේ වැදගත්කම සහ ම්ලේච්ඡත්වයට වඩා ශිෂ්ටාචාරය අවධාරනය කරයි.

ඇනෙයිඩ් හි පුනරාවර්තන ප්‍රචණ්ඩත්වය පිළිබඳ තේමාව සියුම් විවරණයකි. බටහිර මධ්‍යධරණී මුහුදේ පාලනය සඳහා කාතේජ්ට එරෙහිව රෝමයේ පසුකාලීන යුද්ධ. ඒ හා සමානව, තම ජනතාව සඳහා නගරයක් සොයා ගැනීමට උත්සාහ කළ ඊනියාස්ගේ අරගලය ද යම් ආකාරයකින් රෝමය නැවත ස්ථාපිත කිරීමේදී ඔගස්ටස්ගේ අරගලයට පූර්වාදර්ශනය කරයි.  කාල් ගැලින්ස්කි වර්ජිල්ව ‘ඔගස්ටාන්’ කවියෙකු ලෙස හඳුන්වයි, එයින් අදහස් කරන්නේ ඔහු ජීවත් වූ ඔගස්ටාන් සමාජයට ඔහු බලපෑම් කළ බවත්, ඇනයිඩ් මෙම පරිසරයට දක්වන ප්‍රතික්‍රියාවක් බවත් ය. ඔගස්ටාන්’ හි එක් වැදගත් අරමුණක් වූයේ රෝමය තුළ පැතිරී තිබූ සදාචාරාත්මක පරිහානිය පෙරලා දැමීමයි. ඔගස්ටාන් සමාජය දැනුවත් කිරීමේ අරමුණින් වර්ජිල් විසින් ඔගස්ටන්ගේ සදාචාරාත්මක න්‍යාය පත්‍රය ප්‍රවර්ධනය කිරීම ඇනයිඩ්හි කාන්තා චරිත හරහා තවදුරටත් ක්‍රියාත්මක කරන ලදී. ඇනයිඩ් තුළ ලැවීනියාගේ වඩාත්ම වැදගත් කාර්යභාරය සහ අරමුණ වන්නේ ආදර්ශමත් රෝමානු පාලිකාව වීමයි.

රෝමානු සමාජය තුළ දෘෂ්ටිවාදාත්මක රෝමානු පාලකයාගේ උච්චතම අවස්ථාව ලෙස ලවීනියාව තවදුරටත් පැහැදිලි කිරීමට සේවය කරන තවත් කාන්තා චරිතයක් වන්නේ කැමිලා ය. කැමිලා යනු ඇනයිඩ් තුළ ඇදහිය නොහැකි තරම් රසවත් චරිතයකි. වර්ජිල් ඇය කෙරෙහි ප්‍රසාදය පළ කරන බව පැහැදිලිය: ඔහු ඇයව හඳුන්වන්නේ ‘දෙවියන්ට සමාන කැමිලා ලෙසටය. 

වර්ජිල්ගේ දෙවන ප්‍රධාන කෘතිය වන ජෝර්ජික්ස් ප්‍රකාශනය සාමාන්‍යයෙන් ක්‍රි.පූ 29 දක්වා දිව යයි වර්ජිල්ගේ ‘ජෝර්ජික්ස්’  ගොවිතැන පිළිබඳ පොත් හතරකින් ලියැවුණු කාව්‍යයකි.  එය ලතින් භාෂාවෙන් ලියා තිබුණද, වර්ජිල් සිය කාව්‍යයට ජෝර්ජිකන්”, ග්‍රීක කෘෂිකර්මාන්තය” හෝ පොළොව වැඩ කිරීම” යන මාතෘකාව ලබා දුන්නේය.  ජෝර්ජික්ස් වර්ජිල්ගේ දෙවන ප්‍රධාන කෘතිය ලෙස සලකනු ලබන්නේ ඔහුගේ දේශන අනුගමනය කරමින් සහ ඇනයිඩ් වලට පෙරය. මෙම කවිය විවිධාකාර පූර්ව මූලාශ්‍රයන් උකහා ගන්නා අතර පුරාණ කාලයේ සිට වර්තමානය දක්වා බොහෝ පසුකාලීන කතුවරුන්ට බලපෑම් කර ඇත. දේශපාලන දෘෂ්ටි කෝණයකින් බලන කල, එවකට රෝමානු ජාතියේ ප්‍රගතියට අත්‍යවශ්‍ය වූයේ ගොවිතැන මිලිටරි මෙහෙයුම් වලින් ආපසු පැමිණෙන සොල්දාදුවන් සඳහා සුදුසු හා දේශප්‍රේමී රැකියාවක් ලෙස දැකීමය.   ජෝර්ජික්ස් ප්‍රකාශනය  ඉතාලි ගොවියාගේ ජීවිතය පිළිබඳ තරමක් පරමාදර්ශී චිත්‍රයක් ඉදිරිපත් කරයි. 

වර්ජිල්ගේ කවි වල ලිංගිකත්වය දක්නට තිබේ. ප්‍රේමයේ  හා ලිංගික තෘෂ්ණාවේ විනාශකාරී බලය පිලිබඳව ඔහු කතා කරයි.  පුරාණ රෝමයේ සමලිංගිකත්වය සාමාන්‍ය චර්‍යාවක් ලෙස සැලකුනි. ලිංගික ක්‍රියාකාරකම් අනුමත කිරීම හෝ ප්‍රතික්‍ෂේප කිරීම පදනම් වූයේ විවිධ ක්‍රියාවන් කරන ජනතාවගේ සමාජ තත්වය මත ය.සමලිංගික ක්‍රියාකාරකම් ආධිපත්‍යය අනුව සලකනු ලැබීය.රෝම අධිරාජ්‍යය තුළ සමලිංගික සබඳතා පැවැත්වීම හා සමාජ ගොඩනැගීම විශේෂයෙන් වැදගත් විය. වර්ජිල් සමරිසියෙකු ලෙස සැලකේ. ඔහු  ග්‍රීක වහලුන් දෙදෙනෙකු වන සෙබෙටිස් සහ ඇලෙක්සැන්ඩර්ට ආදරය කළේය.

 වර්ජිල්ගේ  ඇතම් නිර්මාණ වල මිනිස් ස්වභාවය පිළිබඳ අඳුරු සහ බොහෝ විට අශුභවාදී දෘෂ්ටිය පිළිබිඹු කරයි. වර්ජිල් පිරිමි ළමයෙකුගේ උපත පිළිබඳ කාව්‍ය සංකල්පනා ලියූ අතර  පසුකාලීනව එය සඳහා ක්‍රිස්තියානි ධර්මයේ ප්‍රකාශයක් ලෙස සලකනු ලැබීය.  මෙම කවිය ඇත්ත වශයෙන්ම ගැහැණු ළමයෙකු බිහි කළ ඔක්ටේවියන්ගේ බිරිඳ ස්ක්‍රිබෝනියාගේ ගැබ් ගැනීම ගැන සඳහන් කළ කවියකි. මධ්‍යකාලීන කිතුනුවන් වර්ජිල්ව අර්ධ දෙවියෙකු ලෙස සලකන ලදි . සමහර මධ්යකාලීන කිතුනුවන් විසින් ඔහුගේ සමහර කෘති ක්රිස්තුස් වහන්සේගේ පැමිණීම රූපක ලෙස පුරෝකථනය කර ඇති අතර, එබැවින් ඔහු එසේ අනාගතවක්තෘවරයෙකු බවට පත් කළේය.  

වර්ජිල් ගේ අවසාන කාලය ආකුල එකක් විය. ඉතිහාසය අවුල් ජාලයක පවතින බවත් සුන්දරත්වය නිර්මාණය කිරීමට ඔහු දැරූ උත්සාහයේ යථාර්ථය ව්‍යාජයක් වූ බවටත් සිතමින් අවසන් කාලයේදී වර්ජිල් විශාදියට පත් විය. මේ නිසා ඔහු ඇනයිඩ් අත් පිටපත පුළුස්සා දැමීමට සිතුවේය. එහෙත් එය වලකන ලදි. මෙගරාහිදී ඔහුට උණ වැළඳී රෝගාතුර වූ අතර ඔහු ක්‍රි. පූ 19 දී මිය ගියේය. ඔහුගේ දේහය නේපල්ස් කේන්ද්‍රයේ සිට සැතපුම් දෙකක දුරින් පිහිටි දිස්ත්‍රික්කයක් වන පීඩිග්‍රෝටා හි පුරාණ රෝම උමගක දොරටුව අසල තැන්පත් කරන ලදී. වර්ජිල්ව  ජාතික කවියෙකු ලෙස රෝමවරුන් විසින් සලකනු ලැබීය. වර්ජිල්ව ඔවුන්ගේ ජයග්‍රහණ හා පරමාදර්ශයන් වෙනුවෙන් හඞ අවදි කලේය. වර්ජිල්ගේ කවි ඔහුගේ ජීවිත කාලයේ සිට කිසි විටෙකත් පොදු ප්‍රසාදයෙන් බැහැර වී නැත. 

වර්ජිල් ගේ නිර්මාණ මානව සංස්කෘතික ඉතිහාසයේ ගමන් මග වෙනස් කළේය. ඔහුගේ මරණයෙන් පසුවද වර්ජිල්ගේ බලපෑම යුග ගණනාවක් පුරා අනෙකුත් කවියන්ට  බලපෑමක් ඇති කලේය. ඒ අතර ඩන්ටේ ,වර්ඩ්ස්වත් , මිල්ටන්, ඇලෙසැන්ඩර් පෝප් , ඩී.එච් ලෝරන්ස් ,ටී. ටී. එස්. එලියට් ප්‍රධාන වෙයි. 

Works Cited

Anderson, W. (1969), The Art of the Aeneid, New Jersey.   

Desmond, M. (1994) Reading Dido : gender, textuality, and the medieval Aeneid. Minneapolis.  

Farrell, J. (2001) Latin Language and Culture. Cambridge.  

Hardie, P. R. (1986). Virgil’s Aeneid: Cosmos and Imperium. Oxford.

Lovatt, H. V. (2013) The Epic Gaze : Vision, Gender and Narrative in Ancient Epic. Cambridge.  

Nugent , S.G. 1992 . Vergil ’ s ‘Voice of the Women’ in Aeneid V .” Arethusa 25 : 255 – 92 .   

Wijeyadasa’s revelation: How a Bill to ‘abolish and repeal’ H’tota port agreement stymied

July 7th, 2020

By Shamindra Ferdinando Courtesy The Island

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SLPP Colombo District candidate Wijeyadasa Rajapakse leaving Presidential Commission on ‘Political Victimization’ at the BMICH recently (pic by Sujatha Jayartne)

One-time Justice Minister, Dr. Wijeyadasa Rajapakse, PC, recently questioned serious shortcomings in the parliamentary as well as political party system to address contentious issues which may have major security implications.

Against the backdrop of recent trouble, at the Colombo port, over the handing over of the East Container Terminal (ECT) to India, the Sri Lanka Podujana Peramuna (SLPP) Colombo district candidate Wijeyadasa Rajapakse discussed the controversial and highly dangerous deal with China over the Hambantota port. The outspoken politician emphasized the responsibility on the part of the next parliament to inquire into those inadequacies and take remedial measures.

Alleging that the country’s security is at stake, the former President of the Bar Association of Sri Lanka (BASL) PC Rajapakse called for a thorough public discussion on what he referred to as a matter that may cause further instability due to external interventions. The Easter Sunday carnage should be thoroughly investigated, taking into consideration a possible external role in the National Thowheed Jamaat (NTJ) terror project now being examined by a Presidential Commission of Inquiry (P CoI).

The former Justice Minister asserted that debilitating Western interventions would continue as long as the Hambantota port remained in the hands of the Chinese. Having realized further threats posed by powerful enemies, the then UNP lawmaker sought to introduce a Private Members’ Bill to abolish the agreement on the Hambantota port. Rajapakse told the writer: “Several months after I handed over the Bill to the Office of the Secretary General of Parliament, I was informed of the Attorney General Department’s decision with regard to my Bill. It is certainly an unfortunate situation.”

AG on Wijeyadasa’s Bill

The SLPP candidate made available a copy of a letter he received from Tikiri K. Jayathilake, Assistant Secretary General (Legislative Services).

The following is the text of Jathilake’s letter dated Feb 27, 2020: A Bill to abolish and repeal the concession agreement for the establishment of a Public-Private Partnership for Hambantota Port by and among Sri Lanka Ports Authority, Government of Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka, China Merchants Port Holdings Company Limited, Hambantota International Port Group (Private) Limited and Hambantota International Port Services Company (Private) Limited.

This has reference to the request made by you to introduce the above Private Members’ Bill in Parliament. The above Bill had been referred to Hon. Attorney General on 2nd Oct 2019 to obtain his opinion under Standing Order No 52 (3). As per the opinion of the Hon. Attorney General, repealing of the Concession Agreement will have an impact on the funds of the Republic, thus it attracts the provisions of Article 152 of the Constitution. In terms of the said Article such a Bill can only be introduced by a Minister unless such Bill or motion has been approved either by the Cabinet of Ministers or in such manner as the Cabinet of Ministers may authorize.

Therefore, I would like to inform you that a Private Member could not introduce a Bill in parliament, which attracts the provisions of Article 152 of the Constitution (end of letter).

Wijeyadasa Rajapakse handed over the Bill to Parliament on July 30, 2019. Rajapakse wanted to abolish and repeal the Concession Agreement entered into on July 29, 2017. The former minister cited four reasons for his decision to move a Private Members’ Bill against the Concession Agreement (1) The agreement hadn’t been endorsed by two thirds majority in parliament (11) in terms of Sri Lanka Ports Authority Act, the ownership, control and operation of all Sri Lankan ports are vested with SLPA, therefore the Concession Agreement is illegal (iii) the Concession Agreement has exposed Sri Lanka to severe danger and (iv) foreign powers continuously interfered and threatened Sri Lanka’s defence thereby exposing the country and its people to grave danger.

In case the parliament endorsed a Bill to abolish and repeal the Concession Agreement, gazette bearing No 2044/20 dated 66.11.2017 and gazette No 2048/32 dated 66.11.2017, too, would be abolished and void in law.

PCoI on Easter carnage proceeds

The police, attached to the PCoI inquiring into the Easter Sunday carnage, recently recorded a statement from the writer as regards several articles on NTJ operations published in The Island in 2019. The former UNP lawmaker’s unsuccessful move to take up the Hambantota port matter in parliament, in 2019, was brought to the notice of the PCoI by the writer. Copies of the Bill, in Sinhala and English, too, were handed over to the PCoI, along with a copy of the letter received by the former minister from Parliament Assistant Secretary General (Legislative Services) Tikiri K. Jayathilake.

Wijeyadasa Rajapakse entered parliament following the 2004 parliamentary polls during Chandrika Bandaranaike Kumaratunga’s tenure as the President. Kumaratunga accommodated Rajapakse on the National List. The new entrant received the appointment as the Chairman of the parliamentary watchdog committee COPE (Committee on Public Enterprises). Rajapakse took the COPE to new heights. The newcomer to parliament was soon on a collision course with the top SLFP leadership, following moves to accommodate a group of dissident UNPers in the government parliamentary group. Trouble began in the wake of UPFA moves in this regard, following the 2005 November presidential polls. The SLFP-led coalition went ahead with the questionable move, in spite of Wijeyadasa’s objectives. The MP declared his intention to function as an independent candidate in Nov., 2007, as some of those accommodated happened to be the ones exposed by Wijeyadasa’s COPE report. Wijeyadasa contested from the Colombo District at the 2010 parliamentary polls on the UNP ticket. The high profile politician was re-elected at the 2015 parliamentary polls. The former SLFPer received the Justice and Buddha Sasana portfolios. Wijeyadasa Rajapakse earned the wrath of the top UNP leadership for strongly opposing the politically motivated project directed at the wartime Defence Secretary Gotabaya Rajapaksa and similar investigations, as well as challenging the controversial Hambantota port deal.

The SLPP candidate told The Island: “The Concession Agreement violated the Constitution. In terms of Article 157 of the Constitution, such a pact cannot be finalized without having two-thirds parliamentary approval. The cabinet collectively violated the Constitution by handing over the strategically located port on a 99-year-lease to China, the emerging Super Power. Don’t get me wrong. I’m not against China or any other country. My constant stand that angered an influential section of the UNP is the opposition to privatization of state assets.”

Wijeyadasa sacked

Interestingly, the UNP found fault with Wijeyadasa Rajapakse for breaching the collective responsibility as a member of the cabinet. On the UNP’s request, the then President Maithripala Sirisena sacked Wijeyadasa Rajapakse in August 2017. The candid parliamentarian caused quite an uproar in the previous year (2016 Nov.) by openly declaring that Sri Lanka faced a serious Muslim extremist threat, with some in the UNF government even accusing him of having a tribal mentality. The yahapalana lot simply ignored the then Justice Minister’s timely warning. In May 2017, the UNP, in consultation with President Sirisena, brought in SLFPer Mahinda Samarasinghe as Ports and Shipping Minister. Samarasinghe replaced Arjuna Ranatunga, who rejected the Hambantota port deal. Ranatunga took a stand very much similar to that of Wijeyadasa Rajapakse. Minister Samarasinghe finalized the obviously illegal port deal prompting Rajapakse to go on the offensive. The then government brought in UNPer Thalatha Atukorale as the Justice Minister.

Wijeyadasa Rajapakse said that the port deal should be examined taking into consideration the entire range of issues – NTJ attacks, possible external links to that heinous project and regional and global political-economic and security aspects. “We should seek a thorough inquiry,” the former minister said, appreciating efforts made by the incumbent government to ascertain the truth.

Wijeyadasa Rajapakse, on July 30, 2019, explained the threats faced by the country. Addressing the media, at the Sri Lanka Foundation (SLF), the President’s Counsel declared that the Attorney General’s Department owed an explanation as to why it sat on hardcore NTJ member Zahran Hashim’s file for nearly two years. The AG’s Department lapse was revealed during the Parliamentary Select Committee (PSC) proceedings from May 2019-Oct 2019. The PSC consisted of Deputy Speaker Ananda Kumarasiri (Chairman), Ravi Karunanayake, Dr. Rajitha Senaratne, Rauff Hakeem, M.A. Sumanthiran, Dr. Jayampathy Wickremaratne, Ashu Marasinghe and Dr. Nalinda Jayatissa.

The writer, in his statement to the police unit, assisting the PCoI, pointed out the inclusion of the President’s Counsel in the PSC as he, just a week after the Easter Sunday carnage, at an event at the BMICH (where the PCol sits), publicly justified the NTJ operation. Later, Hakeem meeting Zahran Hashim and visiting the latter’s brother, in hospital, while receiving treatment for a bomb blast injury, transpired. The inclusion of two Easter Sunday bombers’ father in the JVP National List, at the 2015 parliamentary, didn’t discourage the then Speaker Karu Jayasuriya from accommodating the JVP in the PSC (Dr. Nalinda Jayatissa represented the JVP).

Nearly 270 perished in seven separate suicide blasts, and another 500 were wounded with the Colombo Shangri-La targeted by two persons, including Zahran. And quite a number of the wounded are maimed for life.

Wijeyadasa Rajapakse said that the AG’s Department couldn’t remain silent in the wake of shocking revelations made before the PSC.

Pointing out that the Terrorist Investigation Division (TID) had sought the AG’s approval, in June 2017, to take action against Zahran Hashim, in terms of the ICCPR (International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights), Rajapakse said the then AG Jayantha Jayasuriya, PC, had handed over Zahran’s file to Deputy Solicitor General Azad Navavi and then to State Counsel Malik Aziz.

Referring to the incumbent AG Dappula de Livera moving court against suspended IGP Pujith Jayasundera and the then Defence Secretary Hemasiri Fernando over their failure to thwart the Easter Sunday attacks, Rajapakse asked who would indict AG’s Department officers.

He underscored the importance of ascertaining why those who were authorized to decide whether Zahran could be arrested, as he posed a grave threat to the society, had refrained from doing so.

Rajapakse acknowledged that the PSC was quite useful, though he had written a letter to Speaker Karu Jayasuriya requesting him not to constitute it.

He, at the same time, however, insisted that the PSC was meant to clear All Ceylon Makkal Congress (ACMC) leader Rishad Bathiudeen, in addition to saving Pujith Jayasundera et al and placing the blame squarely on President Maithripala Sirisena.

AG’s Department role questioned

At the onset of his briefing, Rajapakse alleged that western powers had undertaken a high profile destabilization project here, consequent to the incumbent government handing over the Hambantota port on a 99-year-lease to China. The former Justice Minister alleged that the Muslim community and the Islamic State were used by interested parties (Easter Sunday attacks: UNP MP blames AG, H’tota port deal – The Island, July 31, 2019).

Wijeyadasa Rajapakse should seek an explanation from parliament regarding the delay in seeking Attorney General’s advice. Having received the then MP’s Bill, on July 30, 2019, why did parliament refer Wijeyadasa Rajapakse’s Bill to the Attorney General, only on Oct 2, 2019? When did the Secretary General’s Office receive the Attorney General’s Office response to the query from parliament? By the time Wijeyadasa Rajapakse was informed, by Assistant Secretary General Tikiri K. Jayathilake, about the Attorney General’s Department decision, there was consensus among all stakeholders, regarding the dissolution of Parliament on March 2.

The process took seven months. Parliament owed an explanation as to how such matters of public interest are conveniently ignored at the expense of the country’s well-being. Interested parties seemed hell-bent on subverting the parliamentary system of governance, though the former Speaker Karu Jayasuriya, is on record as having claimed that Sri Lanka’s parliament rated among some top 170 Parliaments.

The previous government seemed to have pathetically failed in its responsibilities, in spite of boasting of a mega US-funded project, implemented during 2016-2019, to improve state standards at a cost of staggering Rs 1.92 billion (USD 13 mn) .

Wijeyadasa Rajapakse questioned the dismissal of his Bill on the basis of the provisions of Article 152 of the Constitution that the repealing of the Concession Agreement would have an impact on the funds of the government. The former Justice Minister emphasized the pivotal importance of establishing the truth. Perhaps, the SLPP Colombo District candidate should seek a copy of the Attorney General’s opinion on the Hambantota port deal, in terms of the Right to Information Act, without delay. Did the Attorney General endorse the Hambantota transaction?

Did AG grant approval to MCC Compact?

It would be pertinent to mention that the Finance Ministry, on Oct 31, 2019, claimed to have received the Attorney General’s consent for the implementation of the MCC agreement. There is absolutely no reason to question the validity of the Finance Ministry’s statement as it was issued rather emphatically, just the day after Wickremesinghe declared his intention, at a Temple Trees briefing, to sign the MCC agreement in a rather cavalier fashion, in the run up to the last presidential election. Minister Samaraweera, in a statement, titled ‘MCC agreement drafted with the consent of AG will be presented in Parliament’, justified the project.

Samaraweera insisted: “The whole process and the final Agreements were done under the guidance of the Attorney General and well within the legal framework. The Attorney General is in the opinion that the Agreements are in order and there exists no legal impediment to execute same”. The agreements, referred to therein, were the Compact Agreement and the Programme Implementation Agreement.

Responding to The Island queries, Wijeyadasa Rajapakse asserted that his Bill needed to be endorsed by a simple majority in parliament. As the quorum was 20, the Bill could have been approved with just 11 votes if taken at a time only 20 members were present. But, obviously there was probably a wider agenda, the President’s Counsel charged, pointing out that the police didn’t file a ‘B’ report in court as regards the Easter Sunday carnage, carried out by a group of Islamic extremists, a minority among a minority in this predominantly Buddhist country, with sizeable Hindu and Christian populations, till April 28 – a good seven days after near simultaneous suicide attacks sent shock waves through the country, and even the world. The UNF government sacked Justice Minister, for being forthright, pointed out that the ‘B’ report referred to his complaint as the cause for the police to bring the Easter mayhem to the attention of the court. The police should at least now explain the inordinate delay in initiating investigations, the former Justice Minister said. The PSC as well as the on-going PCoI revealed the staggering extent of the law enforcement establishment’s failure, leading to the worst ever single coordinated attack carried out in Sri Lanka.

Alleging that the parliament lacked authority to inquire into the Easter Sunday attacks, against the backdrop of judicial process, Wijeyadasa Rajapaksa asserted that the external angle needed to be thoroughly investigated. At the time of the attacks, President Sirisena held both Defence and Law and Order portfolios, following the Oct 26, 2018 short-lived constitutional coup perpetrated by the SLFP-Joint Opposition combine.

ECT controversy

The continuing controversy over the Colombo Port’s East Container Terminal cannot be ignored. Hope the government remembers the battle between President Sirisena and Premier Wickremesinghe over the UNP’s agreement with New Delhi to handover the ECT to the nuclear armed neighbour that has been behaving often like a bully towards our country, from the time of the JRJ’s regime. May be Mrs. Indira Gandhi was justified in her behaviour at the time as Junius Richard Jayewardene, dubbed Yankie Dicky, because of his open admiration and support for the USA, having even wanting to give Trincomalee to Washington, while India, at the time, was firmly in the Non-Alignment Camp, but seen by the West as being more pro- Soviet Union

Subsequently, Japan was also brought into the ECT agreement. Recent protests at the Colombo harbour revealed discontent and suspicions among various trade unions over the incumbent government’s intentions. The crisis at the Colombo port should naturally be discussed, taking into consideration the rushed ‘illegal’ agreement between Sri Lanka and China as there’ll be no further discussions on the 99-year agreement, finalized in 2017.

With China aiming high, the US-India-Japan coalition is likely to pursue what can be described as their containment or ganging up policy against Beijing in respect of Sri Lanka and elsewhere in Asia. Finalized ACSA (Access and Cross-Servicing Agreement) as well as MCC (Millennium Challenge Corporation) and SOFA (Status of Forces Agreement) sought by the US are grim reminders of entanglements waiting to happen that could prove to be extremely beyond the country’s capacity to handle in the days to come for want of consensus among political parties, represented in parliament, without the government having a sound majority there. National security and foreign policy shouldn’t be part of the political agenda as the government and the Opposition battled for control of parliament, which the former Justice Minister once called the most corrupt institution in the country and to this day he has not retracted one bit.

AG returns 38 more ‘incomplete’ investigation files on Easter attack suspects

July 7th, 2020

Courtesy Adaderana

The Attorney General Dappula De Livera has returned another 38 ‘incomplete’ investigation files on suspects arrested in connection with the Easter Sunday terror attacks, to the Acting IGP C. D. Wickramaratne.

On June 26, the Attorney General had returned 40 incomplete investigations files, pertaining to the suspects arrested in relation to the Easter attacks.

The Coordinating Officer of the Attorney General said the Acting IGP was also instructed by the AG to conclude the investigations properly.

‘Special Interest Scheme for Senior Citizens’ program not amended – Bandula

July 7th, 2020

Courtesy Adaderana

No amendment has been made to the ‘Special Interest Scheme for Senior Citizens’ program, says Minister Bandula Gunawardena.

The Minister of Higher Education, Technology, Innovations, and Information & Mass Media mentioned this offering an explanation into a newspaper article published yesterday (06) under the caption ‘Senior Citizens Deposit Interest is falling to 8%’.

Gunawardena pointed out that the program Special Interest Scheme for Senior Citizens” has been implemented since 2014 with the aim of safeguarding the income status of senior citizens who have dedicated their youth to the development of the country.

He said that the program still continues as no amendment has been made to this benefit designed for senior citizens yet.

He pointed out that while the report also states that the income tax concession given to senior citizens on interest income has been withdrawn, the government has not taken such a decision.

Gunawardena added that:

The new Government has increased the tax-free monthly interest income of Rs 150,000 up to Rs. 250,000 with effect from January 01, 2020. Accordingly, income up to Rs 3,000,000 per year has been exempted from tax.”

Therefore, the tax exemption granted on interest income has not been abolished as stated in the article in question, he further said.

PNB inspector involved in drug dealing detained for questioning

July 7th, 2020

Courtesy Adaderana

Inspector of Police (IP) Saman Wasantha Kumara, who is involved in passing drugs in the custody of the Police Narcotics Bureau (PNB) to drug dealers, has been detained for interrogation.

The Criminal Investigation Department (CID) will accordingly detain the suspect for 7 hours under the Prevention of Terrorism Act (PTA), Police Media Spokesperson said.

Earlier today, it was reported that Sri Lanka Police was seeking public assistance into apprehending the 49-year-old police officer named Weherawatta Kankanamlage Saman Kumara Wasantha.

IP Saman Wasantha Kumara, who was residing at the address 189, Kirikatta, Weliweriya, later surrendered to the Kadawatha Police.

He was then handed over to the CID for further investigations.

One more tested positive for COVID- 19, increasing total infected in Sri Lanka to 2081

July 7th, 2020

Courtesy Hiru News

One more tested positive for COVID- 19, an arrival from Saudi Arabia, increasing total infected in Sri Lanka to 2081.

Covid-19 positives go up to 2,080

With the finding of two more Covid-19 positive persons, the total infected in Sri Lanka have gone up to 2,080.

Working without a budget: Can this be done?

July 7th, 2020

By Garvin Karunaratne, Ph.D. Michigan State University

Our President Gotabhaya has cleared finance for banks  by ordering the Central Bank to relax. This has been done. Can the availability of finance by banks in itself bring about development- create production, create employment and achieve the goal of poverty alleviation. Import controls that  have been imposed to save foreign exchange, will inevitably cause a shortage of goods.

The responsibility of immediately approving small industrial units to spring up to create the lost production within our country falls on our new Government. This is a situation that has to be faced and won.

My mind travels in nostaglia to two world class development programmes which commenced without a budget.   I speak not from hearsay  or reference, but from sheer experience as I happened to be  a major player in both programmes.

 One is the Divisional Development Councils Programme, the flagship programme of the Sirimavo Government of 1970-1977. This Programme created employment for 33,270 youths.

The other is the Youth Self Employment Programme of Bangladesh. a programme that was solely designed and established by me within nineteen months, which, being implemented later by officers trained by me,  is today the premier employment creation programme the world has known, a programme that has by now guided some three million youths to become self employed.

I would kindly request our leaders to read through this Paper which details – how we did implement major programmes without a budget.

The Divisional Development Councils Programme was implemented with great hopes- to create 100,000 jobs. The leading economist in the island, Professor HAdeS Gunasekera was hand picked and appointed as the Secretary of a new Ministry- the Ministry for Plan Implementation. One senior SLAS Officer was his assistant and a staff of a dozen clerical officers were detailed. This Ministry was housed in a section of the Central Bank. I do not actually know how they were paid. However it would not amount to any major deal.

In implementation, the Programme was thrust on the Government Agents and the Divisional Secretaries. They were not given any additional payment, not even a traveling allowance. The Programme was given great prominence and to enable immediate implementation, even a helicopter was placed for  Professor Gunasekera’s travel. At the District level, in the earlier Government of Premier Dudley Senanayake, prominence was given to agriculture. What happened was that the Government Agents decamped from attending to agriculture and concentrated on this new programme. 

The Government Agent of a District is in charge of a  a dozen or more departments and in Matara I selected the ablest staff officers to attend to this programme in addition to their duties. In my eighteen years’ experience I have always found  a core of able patriotic officers who are prepared to do additional work without any additional pay, provided they are convinced of the worth of the programme.

The DDCP was commenced by the Government Agents through the Divisional Secretaries. There was no budgetary provision but conferences and training workshops were held, work was apportioned, development projects were sought, feasibility studies were done, all without any budgetary expenditure. It took a few months for Graduate Assistants to be selected and that required budgetary provision. Around fifteen Graduate Assistants were posted to the District and they worked with the staff officers who were already on the job. It was later that Planning Officers were appointed- one per district.

The Development Councils made suggestions and feasibility studies were done by staff officers in the katcheri. The Graduate Assistants joined the service for the first time and they were actually being trained by the katcheri staff officers and the Divisional Secretaries. The task of development fell on katcheri staff that were not paid any additional pay.

Feasibility Studies were done for the establishment of  industries aimed at the creation of employment for the unemployed youth and also to make something that was imported  and after submission some of these were funded by the Ministry of Plan Implementation. A Mechanized Boatyard was approved and this was established in Matara within two months. We worked very fast to get a large workshop built. I yet remember how the purchase of machinery was shortcircuited- it would have taken months to call for tenders. Instead I selected staff officers of the katcheri, officers who could be trusted fully, accompanied by the Executive Engineer to proceed inspect the machinery, negotiate and purchase the machinery. This was done within two days and the machjnery was installed fast. This Boatyard made seaworthy boats and made around 30 boats a year which were issued to cooperatives. Ran Ariyadasa, the Divisional Secretary took the brunt of implementing this Boatyard with one Development Assistant

This experience tells me that our Government could make a decision to establish a dozen boatyards immediately and the boats  put on the seas can make our country self sufficient in fish. It is nonsense to import fish to an island country, where the seas abound in fish. Let us call it a day and decide to get going with building boats straightaway.  The cost of the machinery can easily be recouped within the first years’ savings on imports.

The Ministry of Plan Implementation was frightened of making decisions to establish new industries. The Ministry wanted me to concentrate on small scale smithys, sewing units, the type that was already done by the Department of Small Indiustry. My idea of creating new industries was effectively silenced.

Finally I decided to make a move. 

 It was my idea to find the art of making crayons and establish an industry on our own as the Ministry of Plan Implementation. I thought of establishing a major industry and   I with the Planning Officer, a chemistry graduate and other interested staff officers  were  at the science lab of Rahula College which we had requisitioned every night for our experiments.  It took three months of experiments locked up in the Rahula school science lab,  when we unearthed the art of making crayons.

Later on when I finally decided to establish the Coop Crayon factory and I decided that it be done in two weeks, the Planning Officer, and other katcheri staff officers broke rest for two weeks- it was a 24 hour a day operation. Finally, Coop Crayon, the work of many an unpaid worker won the day to be the flagship industry of the DDCP.  That was also the hard work put in by Sumanapala Dahanayake the Member of Parliament for Deniyaya, in his capacity as the President of the Morawak Korale Cooperative Union. He was enthusiastic and his patriotism knew no bounds as long as the task was developmental.

It so happened that all Districts had established only small scale agricultural and industial projects like sewing units and smithys. The only medium scale industries established were the Boatyard and the Crayon Factory in the Matara District and the Paper Factory at Kotmale in the Nuwara Eliya District.  The twenty four Government Agents in charge of the Districts, included major figures who later became Secretaries of Ministries. However the major industries established were in only two districts.

Judging from the total work done I am of the opinion that  easily seventy to eighty percent of the work of the DDCP was done by staff officers of the districts without any additional pay or even a traveling allowance, entirely in addition to their normal duties.

This experience tells me that we can easily make a move to establish some import substitution industries without major funds. This is a task that awaits a word from our President to get cracking. The players are cloistered within the Administrative Service. In my forays into administrators whom I have casually met, I have spoken to some administrators who are waiting for a chance to get cracking. The Adminsitrative Service comprises a wealth of experienced personnel who can be utilized, motivated and guided to attend to major tasks. That has been my experience.

The Youth Self Employment Programme of Bangladesh

In 1982, when the military government of General Ershard took over Bangladesh, I was working as the Commonwealth Fund Advisor on Youth to the Ministry of Youth Development. The Military Government was very skeptical and critical about the work done in the Youth Ministry. A Conference was held to evaluate the programmes, when I was ordered to detail what contribution I could make for Bangladesh. I recommended that there should be a programme to guide youths in training to become self employed because most of the 40,000  youths trained each year remained unemployed. The Secretary to the Treasury, the highest ranking officer in the service objected on the grounds that a self employment or employment creation programme was something that can never be achieved. He quoted the miserable failure of an attempt by the International Labour Organization(ILO) to establish a self employment programme in Tangail, Bangladesh in the earlier three years and vehemently insisted that I will never be able to establish a self employment programme. I contested his views and persisted that I had the experience as well as the academic qualifications and could be certain of success. A bitter argument  ensued, my detailing how I will succeed, while he was adamant that I would fail. I had to offer a challenge- that though the ILO of the United Nations with all their funds and world famed experts failed, I will succeed. This battle in  an  intensive and gruelling form went on for over two hours between the two of us  till the Minister had enough of it and ordered both of us to shut up. He then said that he had been listening to both sides and that I had convinced him and ordered that I should establish a self employment programme. There were no Feasibility Reports and conferences. All details were uttered impromptu by me and immediately assessed by the brain of an army commander who was convinced to spur into action.  The Secretary to the Treasury, the officer who held the purse strings stumped stating  that he will not be providing any funds for any such programme as there were no funds to waste. I immediately replied that I needed no new funds, but our Ministry  should be authorised to find savings within the aproved youth training budgets and utilize such savings for establishing the self employment activities. I added that our Ministry  should be authorized to vary the remits of officers working in the Youth Ministry. The Minister approved my suggestion to the chagrin of the Secretary to the Treasury.

I started work the very next day with around a few hundred youth workers, deputy directors of youth, who had hitherto worked only on traditional youth work and  lecturers who were involved in vocational training. They volunteered to guide the trainees to estabblish self employment projects in addition to their work.  I commenced  teaching them elements of economics, national economic priorities-how to identify areas where employment creation will result in increases in production, how the youths should be guided to develop their abilities and capacities as they engaged in activities to establish minor income generating projects.  This was national planning in detail and motivating youths to take on the mantle of  national development. It was a combination of economics and non formal education. We were motivating the youths to utilize the skills they were learning and get into a process of action which will bring them incomes.

 In nineteen months, by the time my assignment ended 2000 youths were being guided to become self employed. By March 1985  6024 youths had established income generating projects.

This Programme which commenced in mid 1982, continued entirely funded from savings from other youth training budgets till 1985 when it was accorded an annual allocation  by the Five Year Plan of the Planning Commission of Bangladesh.

With this allocation the Programme was developed further. Its 3  residential training centers in 1982 was increased to 10 by 1984/65 and to 64 by 1997.

By 2011 the Government of Bangladesh reported to the IFAD(FAO), one of the funders, that two million youths had become self employed. Today it is an ongoing programme where 160,000 youths are guided annually to become self employed.

This YSEP is easily the premier programme of employment creation the World has known that has by now(2020) guided over three million youths to become self employed. The Youth Development Department  that implements this Programme today spends 95% of its time and budget to create self employed youth out of school dropouts. All this was achieved by a programme which was entirely funded from savings in voted budgets for the first four years 1982 to 1985. 

Today, in my eighties,  I am proud to have designed and established this world class programme, with the active support of  Bangladeshi administrators trained by me.

Over to our new leaders: Please consider funding a few projects to be funded from savings. The quoted instances prove that this can be done.  May I suggest for kind consideration that the projects selected be of the import substitution type, where there is an immediate benefit in terms of obviating foreign exchange being used for imports. There are many projects that can be commenced within months, which can be made sustainable within a year.

Our country yearns for any such initiative today.

Garvin Karunaratne

Former G.A. Matara

06/07/2020

Author of: How the IMF Ruined Sri Lanka & Alternative Programmes of Success(Godages:2006)

Papers on the Economic Development of Sri Lanka,(Godages: 2010)

How the IMF Sabotaged Third World Development (Kindle/Godages:2017)

HOW MANY MORE LIVES NEED TO LOSE TO ENSURE ROAD SAFETY

July 6th, 2020

Sunil Yatalamatta Gamage 

Driving is not a right, it is only a privilege when the driving privilege has been abused that is about the violation of road discipline compromising of people safety, that needs to be dealt with heavy penalties by suspending the driving license.

We loose huge human capital daily due to road accidents and road safety issues in Sri Lanka. Statistics have publicly revealed 12,000 deaths occur each year in the country. It is indeed a national crisis to find solutions immediately. For many institutions, police, and road & highways a death of a person is just news. It shouldn’t be that way. Sri Lankan roads are not built with essential road safety features or roads are lacking essential safety protocols. The licensing method did not build to ensure safe driving principles. If a person unfit to turn wheels, but still driving the person has to face the consequences of impaired driving and breaking rules, killing innocent pedestrians. People do such impaired driving and killing people must be punished without considering their status. He or she must have been handcuffed until further notice by the law. In the modern world, road safety features are more prominent, and without those features, roads cannot be built with public money. In developed countries accidents of this nature not occurs, which is common in Sri Lanka. They ensure road safety with many features and educate the public in multiple ways of road signs to minimize road accidents in that way. Ministry of road and highways must start a public safety program through media to educate the public. It is a social responsibility as well to obey the rules as well. In the bigger picture, it is a collaborative task through public awareness. Driving is a privilege it is not a right. If reckless driving caught or resulted in a collision, the driver’s license must be suspended with a jail term by law. The time is quite right to examine road accidents & find out solutions to road safety. A national program of licensing and introduction of the demerit point system and monthly insurance system for drivers would be one of the solutions. This is the only way to ensure much-needed road safety for the public.

Driving is a privilege, not a right. We wish to own a car to make our life easier. The family daily needs to buy groceries, to go to a short distance with family or alone uses a vehicle. Life will become much convenient and efficient when anybody owns a car. Anybody will make use of the time efficiently when owns a car. Owning a car or vehicle is a big decision. Persons need to allocate some money from their monthly budget. It is important to change and introduce a whole lot of new codes and conducting rules in many areas of driving around. If we are unable to introduce new laws related to driving need to study how other countries succeeded in reducing road accidents and road safety for the public. The laws need to set up around people, driving records, road safety features, introducing of new developed commuting ways, and security.

When authorities built a new road to a community people not aware or they don’t talk about the features need to have on that road to ensure public safety. Politicians talk about how much money will spend on the road and probably how much of a commission could be earned from it. Even the contractors will not build it completely as they want to make money out of that road. This is really what happens in our country. These are the features of corrupt practice had been momentarily taking place in our country. There is none to take the responsibility of building a low-quality road in the country. I believe most of the interior roads and their maintenance belong to provincial councils. Those provincial councils have been taking ownership of these by roads to do a better public service. So the question is do they do it. We are again going back to square one by decentralizing one whole unit of responsibility and nobody is going to do the job.

When I was a child we had been educated at school about road safety. A civil police officer addressed road safety and how we need to walk and which side of the road need to walk on the road. Which was an excellent program? That is why I still remember the road safety program features. But now the road vehicles have been increased by almost 300%, roads have been built as well but not to as much. The question is have the authorities introduced enough road safety laws and measures?  Do we have methods, policy, planning, and implementation ministry or authority? Usually, when a country holds this type of authority or ministry of infrastructure development they do planing for 10 years from now. They will introduce their research results to governments as the next 10 years forecast of data analysis on the development of roads, which has to happen according to those data. Good governing leaders rely on these data and plan the development of roads accordingly. When economic development continues we need the government to be very careful as the present-day development has to go hand in glove with ecological sustainability. If any development results to buy oxygen bags to walk and live in the metro Colombo metro; that development is no use. Policy planning and development have ignored the ecological sustainability.

When this much of road accidents happen in the country authorities need to pay attention to control and introduce new measures. One of the key aspects of such a control system would be of introducing a database of drivers and maintaining a record database of each driver. Yearly driving speeding ticketing documentation and monthly insurance system need to be maintained. It will be a driving history and an online record of driving details. This is the only way to reduce road accidents. This has introduced in developed countries. Initially, it might cost money to be introducing a database of island-wide drivers. It is because such a database need to be installed to traffic police vehicles while they are in patrol on roads. But it may bring enormous good results as it continuing. Drivers will be compelled more cautious of maintaining a good driving history to reduce insurance premiums. At the same time, law and order will have the opportunity of identifying and separating bad drivers from the street and fined them. This is the only way to reduce road accidents and maintain the safety of pedestrians, good drivers, and road safety in the modern world. Drink and driving must be identified and removed from the road.

මහ ඡන්දයෙන් දිගාමඩුල්ල උණුසුම් වන ලකුණු – කැෆේ කියයි

July 6th, 2020

මාධ්‍ය නිවේදනය – පාර්ලිමේන්තු මැතිවරණය 2020  මාධ්‍ය ඒකකය කැෆේ සංවිධානය

මෙවර මහ මැතිවරණයේදී දිගාමඩුල්ල දිස්ත්‍රික්කය  ආශ්‍රිතව උණුසුම්කාරී මැතිවරණ ව්‍යාපාරයක් ක්‍රියාත්මක වනු ඇතැයි කැෆේ සංවිධානය අනුමාන කරයි. එම සංවිධානයේ විධායක අධ්‍යක්ධ අහම්ඩ් මනාස් මකීන් මහතා සඳහන් කලේ දිගාමඩුල්ලේ   ස්ථාන  තුනක් ” හොට්ස්පොට්ස්” ලෙස හඳුනා ගෙන ඇති බවයි. ඒ අනුව පොතුවිල්  සයින්දමරුදු සහ අක්කරපත්තුව යන ප්‍රදේශ මෙම ස්ථාන තුන වන අතර මේ වනවිට එම ප්‍රදේශ ආශ්‍රිතව වෛරී ප්‍රකාශවල ඉහළ යාමක් සහ සුළු ප්‍රචණ්ඩකාරී තත්වයක් වාර්තා වන බව අහමඩ් මනාස් මකීන් මහතා පවසයි.

අක්කරපත්තුව ප්‍රදේශයෙන් මෙවර මැතිවරණයේ ප්‍රථම දේපළ හානි කිරීම වාර්තා වු බව පෙන්වා දෙන මනාස් මකීන් මහතා කියා සිටියේ ජාතික සමඟි ජන බලවේගයේ දිගාමඩුල්ල දිස්ත්‍රික් අපේක්ෂක  තවාම් මහතා ගමන් ගත් රථයකට අක්කරපත්තුව ප්‍රදේශයේදී කිසියම් පිරික් විසින් ගල් ප්‍රහාරයක් එල්ල කර ඇති බව සඳහන් කළේය.

මේ අනුව මෙවර මැතිවරණයේදී මෙම කලාපය ආශ්‍රිතව දැඩි උණුසුම්කාරී තත්වයක් නිර්මාණය වනු ඇති බැවින් විශේෂයෙන් එම ප්‍රදේශවල පොලිස් ආරක්ෂාව තර කිරීමට අවශ්‍ය පියවර ගත යුතුව ඇති බව කැෆේ සංවිධානයේ විධායක අධ්‍යක්ෂ වරයා පෙන්වා දෙයි.

 (කැෆේ විධායක අධ්‍යක්ෂ අහමඩ් මනාස් මකීන් මහතාගේ හඩ පටය සහ ඡායාරූප මේ සමඟ යොමු කර ඇත)

මාධ්‍ය ඒකකය කැෆේ සංවිධානය

සමහර සිංහල කළු සුද්දන්ට එම්.සී.සී. කමිටු වාර්තාවේ ඉංගිරිසි පිටපත් වුවමනා වෙලා!…. මහාචාර්ය ලලිතසිරි ගුණරුවන්

July 6th, 2020

Lanka Lead News

සමහර සිංහල අයට එම්.සී.සී. කමිටු වාර්තාවේ ඉංගිරිසි පිටපත් වුවමනා වී ඇති බව මහාචාර්ය ලලිතසිරි ගුණරුවන් මහතා පවසයි.

කමිටුව සිය වාර්තාව දුන්නෙ රජයට – රටේ ප‍්‍රමුඛතම රාජ්‍ය භාෂාවෙන්. මෙතෙක් භාරදී ඇති වෙනත් බොහෝ වාර්තා තිබුණෙ ඉංගිරිසියෙන් පමණයි. කවුරුවත් තොරතුරු දැනගැනීමේ පනතින් ඒවායේ පිටපත් සිංහලෙන් ඉල්ලූ බවක් මා නම් දැන සිටියේ නැහැ.  ඉංගිරිසියට වහල් වුණු දීන මානසිකත්වයක් ඇති කළු සුද්දන් රැළක් බවට සිංහලයන් පත්වී ඇති බවට මෙය අපූරු නිරූපණයක් !

ජාත්‍යන්තරයට අවශ්‍ය සන්නිවේදනයක් උදෙසා ඉංගිරිසි පරිවර්තනයක් කර ගැනීම එක් දෙයක්. ඒත්, රට තුළ ඉන්න හමින් – නමින් සිංහල වුව ද සිතින් – වැඩවලින් සුද්දන් වී ඇති ලැජ්ජා නැති සිංහලයන් වෙනුවෙන් නම් මේ වාර්තාව රජයේ වියදමින් ඉංගිරිසියට පරිවර්තනය නොකළ යුතු යි.

මට පෙනෙන විදියට අපේ කමිටු වාර්තාවට රට තුළ ඉහළ ඉල්ලූමක් ලැබීලා. ඒ නිසා ඉංගිරිසි පරිවර්තන අවශ්‍ය අය එය පරිවර්තනය කර ගත්තාට අපේ තරහක් නැහැ. ඒ උදෙසා අවශ්‍ය මුදල් ගෙවා පරිවර්තනය කර ගන්න. එවිට අඩු වශයෙන් සිංහල ඉගෙනගත් පරිවර්තකයකුට හෝ අගයක් ලැබෙනවා. රජය විසින් පරිවර්තනය කරන්නේ නම් අඩු වශයෙන් වචනයකට රුපියල් 2 ක් වත් අයකර මිස ලබාදිය යුතු නැහැ. අපට ඔය ඇමෙරිකානු නව ලිබරල් ආර්ථික පාඩමේ උගන්වන්නෙත් ‘‘කිසිවක් නොමිලේ නැත” කියලා නෙ! මේ රටේ බහුතරයක් වූ අහිංසක සිංහල ගැමියන්ගෙ බදු මුදලින් සංස්කෘතිකමය වශයෙන් යුරෝපීයන් හෝ අමෙරිකානුවන් වී ඇති අලජ්ජී සිංහල බැරි සිංහලයන්ට ඒ ඉංගිරිසි පරිවර්තන රජය විසින් නොමිලේ ලබා දෙන්නේ නම් එය පාපයක් ! අදාළ ගෙවීම් කිරීමට අකැමැති සහ සිංහල පිටපත කියවන්න තේරෙන්නෙ නැති සිංහල අය සිටිත් නම් ඒ අයට ආයෙම ඉස්කෝලෙ ගිහින් සාමාන්‍ය පෙළ සිංහලවත් ඉගෙනගෙන එන්න කියමු.

ලංකාවෙ හිටියට සංස්කෘතියෙන් ඉංගිරිසි වෙලා සිටින අය දැන්වත් තමන්ට වී ඇති හදිය තේරුමගෙන අපේ මවු බසට අවශ්‍ය භාවිතමය වටිනාකම ලබාදීමට අදිටන් කළ යුතු යි. දෙමළ සහෝදරයන් තම මවුබසට ඉතා ඉහළ භාවිත වටිනාකමක් දෙනවා. ඒ අතින් අප ලැජ්ජා විය යුතු යි. දැන්වත් ඇස් ඇරිය යුතුයි. උසස් අධ්‍යාපනය ඇතුළු රජයේ කටයුතු ඇතුළු ව්‍යාපාරික කටයුතු – නිල සටහන් ඇතුළු සියලූ දේ හැකි පමණ සිංහලෙන් කළ යුතු යි. ඉංගිරිසි දැන ගැනීම වැදගත් – ඒත් ඒ බාහිරයන් සමග සන්නිවේදනයට පමණයි.

එ සේ නොවුණහොත් තව පරම්පරාවකට වඩා අපේ මේ වටිනා භාෂාව ජීවමානව පවතින එකක් නැහැ. භාෂාව මළ දාට සිංහල ජාතිය ඉබේම මැරෙනවා. ජාතිය ජීවත් වන්නේ ලේ තුළ නොවෙයි. භාෂාව හා සංස්කෘතිය තුළ යි. දැන්වත් ඒ බව තේරුම් ගන්න.

84 හැවිරිදි කත පන්දාහේ කොල මිටියක් ජනපති අතට දෙයි.. ඉල්ලීමක් කරයි..

July 6th, 2020

ජනාධිපති මාධ්‍ය අංශය

84 හැවිරිදි කත පන්දාහේ කොල මිටියක් ජනපති අතට දෙයි.. ඉල්ලීමක් කරයි..

පුත්තලම, කාක්කා පල්ලිය, මනක්කුලම පදිංචි 84 හැවිරිදි එම්.ඒ.එච්.පී මාරසිංහ විශ්‍රාමික ගුරු මව රුපියල් ලක්ෂ 02 ක මුදලක් කොවිඩ් අරමුදලට පරිත්‍යාග පිණිස ජනාධිපතිතුමාට පිළිගන්වයි.

පොදුජන පෙරමුණෙන් මෙවර මහ මැතිවරණයට තරගවදින අපේක්ෂකයන්ගේ ජයග්‍රහනය තහවුරු කරනු පිණිස (06) පුත්තලම දිස්ත්‍රික්කයේ චාරිකාවේ නිරතවෙමින් මාදප්පේ තනිවැල්ලේ ප්‍රදේශයේ පැවති ජන හමුවට සහභාගී වූ ජනාධිපති ගෝඨාභය රාජපක්ෂ මැතිතුමා වෙත මේ පරිත්‍යාගය භාර දෙනු ලැබීය.

ජනාධිපතිතුමනි,

නීතිය, යුක්තිය, ධර්මය රකින රජයක් – ස්වංයපෝෂිත රටක් අපට දෙන්න”

ඇය රුපියල් පන්දහසේ නෝට්ටුවලින් සමන්විත රුපියල් ලක්ෂ 02ක මුදල ඔතා දුන් කොළයේ සටහන් කර තිබිණ.

Is the principle “One Country Two Systems” tenable?

July 6th, 2020

By P.K.Balachandran Courtesy NewsIn.Asia

China’s centralized authoritarianism and Hong Kong’s European traditions do not match and there are also geopolitical factors which force China to tighten its hold over Hong Kong

Is the principle “One Country Two Systems” tenable?
Hong Kong protesters waving American flags in the last agitation against the Extradition Law

When the British returned Hong Kong to China in 1997, at the end of a 99 year lease, China agreed to implement the concept of One Country, Two Systems” under which Hong Kong would continue to enjoy, for 50 years, its Western-oriented economic, political and judicial systems while being part of Communist China with its one-party rule and regimented system. The One Country, Two Systems” was part of the Basic Law” of new Hong Kong, the name of which was changed to the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region” (HKSAR).

But over the years, Beijing has tried to abridge Hong Kong’s autonomy for two reasons: First; the two systems, which are like chalk and cheese, cannot coexist. Western-oriented Taiwan, which China has been trying to take over, has rejected it outright. Second; China has been feeling increasingly threatened by the West led by the US. The West has been extremely uncomfortable with Beijing’s power projections in the Indo-Pacific region. It sees China’s infrastructure projects under the ambitious Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) as a determined bid to dislodge it from dominant positions in various parts of the world. Given the West’s stridently anti-China moves on the strategic and economic plane, Beijing has felt the need to tighten its grip over weak links like Hong Kong where Western influence is strongest.

This is the reason for Beijing’s resort to a series of security measures in Hong Kong since 2003, of which, the June 30 Hong Kong National Security Law is the latest, the hardest, and the most comprehensive.

Inherently uncomfortable with the One Country, Two Systems” concept, Beijing tried to outlaw speech, assemblies, or political activities endangering China’s security in 2003. But mass protests led to the Act’s withdrawal. Explaining the clashing stances of Beijing and the Hong Kongers, Brian Wong and John Mak wrote in Time last year: Beijing took the stance that democratization in Hong Kong must be accompanied by the guarantee that any such progress would not threaten China’s national security, while the Hong Kong public gradually developed the antagonistic perception that Beijing was reluctant to grant the city genuine political freedom.”

The attempt to substitute Cantonese by Mandarin as the official language of Hong Kong, the building of high speed rail links with mainland China and the big influx of Mainland Chinese into Hong Kong created fears of demographic change and cultural annihilation. Hong Kongers also wanted universal suffrage (as promised in the 1997 Basic Law) in place of choosing the territory’s leadership by an electoral college of 1,200 carefully screened persons. But for Beijing, instantaneous universal suffrage was dangerous as Chinese leaders were scared of instability and uncertainty which free elections could bring about. In 2010, a compromise was struck by which, universal suffrage would be introduced by 2017 but with the candidates being vetted by Beijing.

To change the anti-China mindset of the people, the Hong Kong government introduced Moral and National Education (MNE)”. But this was dubbed as brainwashing”, and the program had to be withdrawn. However, on Aug. 31, 2014, Beijing issued a White Paper in which stringent selection criteria for electoral candidatures were stipulated. This triggered the 79-day mass Umbrella Movement.”

In 2019 came the Extradition Law by which a trouble maker could be whisked away to the Mainland for interrogation. Following huge protests, this move was given up. China alleged that the movement was funded and mentored by some US NGOs.

National Security Law 2020

However, the 2020 National Security Law for Hong Kong still says that China is wedded to the One Country, Two Systems” principle. It says that the new law is for ensuring the resolute, full and faithful implementation of the policy of One Country, Two Systems under which the people of Hong Kong administer Hong Kong with a high degree of autonomy; while safeguarding national security; preventing, suppressing and imposing punishment for the offences of secession, subversion, organization and perpetration of terrorist activities, and collusion with a foreign country or with external elements to endanger national security in relation to the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (HKSAR).”

It further says that human rights shall be respected and protected in safeguarding national security as stated in the Basic Law. The rights and freedoms, including the freedoms of speech, of the press, of publication, of association, of assembly, of procession and of demonstration, which the residents of the Hong Kong enjoy under the Basic Law and the provisions of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights as applied to Hong Kong, shall be protected.

Article 5 says: A person is presumed innocent until convicted by a judicial body. The right to defend himself or herself and other rights in judicial proceedings that a criminal suspect, defendant, and other parties in judicial proceedings are entitled to under the law, shall be protected.”

Center Acquires Over-riding Powers

What is noteworthy is that the new law gives the Central government in Beijing over-riding powers over the Hong Kong Establishment. The Central People’s Government has an overarching responsibility for national security affairs relating to the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (HKSAR),” the new law says.

The Chief Executive of Hong Kong shall be accountable to the Central government for affairs relating to national security in Hong Kong and shall submit an annual report on it. There shall be a Committee for Safeguarding National Security which shall be under the supervision of and accountable to the Central government. Decisions made by the Committee shall not be amenable to judicial reviewThe Committee shall have a National Security Adviser, who will be designated by the Central government.

Article 16 says that the Hong Kong police shall establish a Department for Safeguarding National Security, which may recruit qualified professionals and technical personnel from the Mainland. There shall be a separate prosecution division for offences under the law and a special unrestricted fund.

Subversion

Among the crimes listed under subversion” are: seriously interfering in, disrupting, or undermining the performance of duties and functions in accordance with the law by public servants of China and Hong Kong; and attacking or damaging the premises and facilities used by the officials. Seeking foreign assistance to commit an act of subversion or terror is banned.

Terrorism

Among the listed terrorist activities are: Sabotage of means of transport, transport facilities, electric power or gas facilities, serious interruption or sabotage of electronic control systems for providing and managing public services such as water, electric power, gas, transport, telecommunications and the internet; or other dangerous activities which seriously jeopardize public health, safety or security.

Punishments

As regards punishments, there is no death sentence. The maximum punishment is Life Imprisonment. The law states that a person who is a principal offender or a person who commits an offence of a grave nature shall be sentenced to life imprisonment or a fixed-term imprisonment of not less than ten years; a person who actively participates in the offence shall be sentenced to fixed-term imprisonment of not less than three years but not more than ten years; and other participants shall be sentenced to fixed-term imprisonment of not more than three years, short-term detention or restriction.

Trouble Already Brewing

While the US is planning sanctions against China and Hong Kong to make China rescind its decision, hundreds of protesting Hong Kongers who took to the streets on July 1, were arrested. The slogans shouted called for Hong Kong’s independence”, clearly defying the new law.

Hong Kong’s Secretary for Justice, Teresa Cheng Yeuk-wah, said that the slogan was punishable, but hinted that the authorities will treat the protesters leniently. Government would take into account the context and intention of the offender,” Teresa said. By looking at the overall behavior, we will see whether evidence can prove the arrested person has a criminal intent,” she added. (The Citizen/Ceylon Today/newsin.asia)

Group of SJB members will join UNP after polls: Akila

July 6th, 2020

Yohan Perera Courtesy The Daily Mirror

’We will select and accept only those who would be useful to the country’

A group of Samagi Jana Balawegaya (SJB) candidates will join the UNP after the conclusion of the general elections, UNP General Secretary Akila Viraj Kariyawasam said today.

Mr. Kariyawasam who was responding to journalists at a media conference said a selected few from SJB will join the UNP after the elections. We will select and accept only those who would be useful to the country,” Mr. Kariyawasam said.

More than 15 who initially handed over nominations from SJB were engaged in a dialogue with us to come back if the nominations were cancelled but they were sad as the nominations were not cancelled. The UNP giants left the party in the past but they had to rejoin by paying the membership fees,” he added.

Asked whether the UNP could manage to win sufficient number of seats by fielding newcomers, Mr. Kariyawasam said the UNP was able to secure a five-sixth majority in 1977 by fielding its B team. The UNP managed to win a 5/6 majority in 1977 by fielding its B team. More than 90 UNP organizers left when late President J. R. Jayewardene suspended Rukman Senanayake from the party but still, the UNP managed to win the 1977 general elections by a massive majority,” he recalled.

We have fielded engineers, lawyers and even farmers this time. Criticizing the 225 members who are elected later will not serve any purpose if the people fail to vote the right candidates,” he therefore said. 

Will restructure laws to address pressing issues: SLPP

July 6th, 2020

Lahiru Pothmulla Courtesy The Daily Mirror

The Sri Lanka Podujana Peramuna (SLPP) today said, under a government established by the SLPP, it will restructure laws to address pressing issues including underworld activities, drug smuggling and undeclared funds flowing in from foreign countries.

SLPP Chairman Prof. G.L. Peiris said a new SLPP government, backed by a two-thirds majority obtained at the general elections, would not hesitate to immediately attend to key identified issues.

He said all foreign funds flowing in should go through the External Resources Department at the Central Bank in order to ascertain their origin.

It is vital to find out who is sending funds, for what purpose and where these funds would end up. The current situation is not satisfactory in this regard. Procedures are not strong enough,” he said.

He said underworld figures and those involved in drug smuggling are using bank accounts registered under proxies when they transfer funds obtained illegally.

This has priority in our agenda. We will monitor transactions of underworld figures. We will also enter into or revisit extradition agreements and share information with other countries to take legal action against foreigners and Sri Lankans in foreign countries involved in drug smuggling,” Prof. Peiris said.

Meanwhile, he said there was maximum punishment for drug smuggling but no minimum punishment. A minimum punishment for drug smuggling is also required to deter drug smuggling,” he said.

Laws and regulations are needed to ensure transparency in transactions related to lands and properties, he said. These are pressing issues but not impossible to solve,” he said. 

Coronavirus case count in Sri Lanka at 2,077

July 6th, 2020

Courtesy Adaderana

Another COVID-19 case has been detected among recent foreign arrivals hiking the number of cases in the country to 2,077.

The latest case is a person who had arrived from the Maldives, as per the Department of Government Information.

Currently, 149 active cases are under medical care at selected hospitals across the country.

Meanwhile, with 14 more patients regaining health and being discharged from the hospital today (06), the tally of recoveries in the country has spiked to 1,917.

Sri Lanka has witnessed 11 deaths from the virus so far.

Message from ‘Stop MCC Save Sri Lanka Movement’ Sri Lanka Depends on you

July 5th, 2020

Gandara John

DO NOT VOTE FOR ANY OF THE RECOGNISED POLITICAL PARTIES

Democracy is the unfettered exercise of universal suffrage by the people of a Sovereign State. Democracy in Sri Lanka has suffered; it has been hijacked by the political Parties in the country. 

It has been our experience that a Party after being elected to power by the will of the people, tosses out the will of the people and substitutes instead the will of the Party leadership.

There is no democracy in the country, only the simulacrum of democracy remains. This, the Americans found to be very convenient.

Seeing how easy it is in such a situation to capture State power, the Americans have simply hijacked the hijacker; they have bought out the leadership of all the political Parties of significance. To the Americans therefore, it matters not which Party wins at the Elections; whichever Party wins, the Americans wins. Heads I win Tails you lose.

The MCC is the preferred instrument of the Americans to physically capture the geographic territory of a country whose legislative, executive and administrative organs are already under their control. The MCC is the coup de grace.

At this juncture it is the people, AND THE PEOPLE ONLY, who can save Sri Lanka from the Americans;  the people must insist that  Gota, Mahinda, Ranil, Sajith, Anura Kumara, other party leaders and their candidates renounce unambiguously, at all public rallies, the MCC, in any shape, form or re-arranged form, and publicly pledge to rescind all laws and treaties that have eroded the sovereignty of the country, if these Parties and their candidates wish to receive their vote.

If the Party leaders and Gota fail to do so, the people are urged to vote for any honourable, NON-PARTY candidate in the voting list who publicly pledges to renounce and rescind the MCC, ACSA and SOFA.   

Why have our Universities failed?

July 5th, 2020

By Garvin Karunaratne

I would like our authorities to give deep thought to the salient points I have raised in an earlier paper of mine. 

Our country is deeply in debt today by blindingly following the IMF

It is sad that our dons in econ, the real people that matter on this subject are silent.

I would kindly request our professors of economics to rethink strategies and consider a move to commence studies on the Structural Adjustment Programme of the IMF, following which our country became indebted.

This is not a subject in any university and the first university to commence studies will gain immense prestige.  It will also help all Third World countries.

Why have our Universities Failed?

By Garvin Karunaratne

I am a product of both Universities- Colombo and Peradeniya, entering Colombo in 1950 and ending at Peradeniya in 1954.

In the initial period, called the Golden Age, our University did shine and it held personages like Dr Malalasekera and Dr Ediriweera Sarathchandra, who I think were in a super class, inspiring all of us.

Since then our Universities have been falling back.  The World Ranking of Peradeniya is 2044 while Colombo ranks 2191. Even by the QS(QuacquarelliSymonnds) ranking of Asian Universities Peradeniya ranks at 242 while Colombo ranks 156.

The problem today is that Peradeniya as well as our other Universities have concentrated more on teaching, whereas the emphasis should have been wider- a contribution to the country and also to the world. To my mind the many ills of our country today- its foreign debt that has gradually built up, the poverty that engulfs the people etc. deserve attention by our University dons.

In a discussion with my contemporary the late Professor A.V.Suraweera, I was told that a major difference between then and now is that the vibrant relationship that we students then had with the Faculty members are not existent now because most professors decamp the campus after their lectures. Then the Faculty happened to be a part of us throughout. I learnt my econ ideas from Dr GVS de Silva though I was not a student in econ.  The Faculty members inspired us. We were bonded ; they would always give us a lift if they passed us in their cars and they would even invite us for a morning drink of meera(sweet toddy), evening tea or dinner. In the Kandy town samasamaja poster pasting campaign, done discreetly at midnight, which was a weekly event, we worked using the cars of Faculty members.. There were many informal sessions like learning Bengali songs at Dr Sarkar’s residence, Nadagam songs at Dr Sarathchandra’s, where Faculty and students  participated informally. There were faculty members who could have commanded hundreds of us impromptu. That was a great relationship that inspired us and was an essential part of campus life which appears missing today. At Michigan State University too, where I was a doctoral student, we were close associates of professors. They went out of their way to look after our well being.

To deal with another aspect, it so happens that Sri Lanka is perhaps the only Third World country that has free tertiary education. It is incumbent therefore  that university education should make a contribution to the development of Sri Lanka. Instead, our universities have kept away from development. I quote specific instances:

At Matara I was the Government Agent in 1971 and we were concentrating on creating employment for our youth. We had to attend to the import substitution type of industry and I had a raw graduate in chemistry from the University of Colombo as my Planning Officer. That was his first appointment. I directed him to find the art of making crayons. In an earlier posting of mine as Deputy Director of  Small Industries I had to approve small industries and in that I had seen many items being made. I knew the ingredients, the process but little of the proportions. I told him what I knew and he,  aided by  Science teachers conducted a myriad experiments closeted in the science lab at Rahula College, the most equipped science lab in the District, after school hours. In about a month we got somewhere but the product was far from satisfactory. Vetus Fernando, the Planning Officer sought my approval to go to his professors at the Chemistry Department of the University of Colombo from which he had graduated a year earlier. I was elated and approved the request and he went off enthusiastically. Vetus approached all the lecturers, spent three days going behind them beseeching advice but was turned away. He was told that they were too busy in lecturing,  marking answer scripts and tutorials. Vetus came back with his tale of woe, a broken down man. I was not going to take it lying down. The refusal made us more determined than ever. We doubled on endless experiments and in around a month we found the formulae to make crayons. We perfected it. A Crayon Factory was established at Morawaka and sales were opened by Minister Subasinghe, the Minister of Industries. Minister Illangaratne when he saw the crayons we made insisted on my establishing a factory at Kolonnawa. Coop Crayon   had islandwide sales and became the flagship industry of the DDC Programme. In the USA any State University would have waited for such an opportunity. Any ailing industry would be closely studied- credits given to a few students who will be assigned that task and professors will ensure success. That is a great role of the State Universities in the USA.

It is  important to note that the success of the American economy of today is ascribed to the services provided by the Land Grant State Universities– the State universities that took charge of development in addition to teaching. University Teaching was related to achievement in actual practice, a task in which  our Universities failed.

Our country has since the late Seventies moved from a self sufficient, self reliant economy that had no debts,  to a country that following the IMF has today piled up a foreign debt of some $ 60 billion. In the Fifties the entire Gal Oya Development Scheme was built with the funds that Sri Lanka held. Not a cent was borrowed.

Sri Lanka became a debt ridden country when from  1978 she followed the IMF teachings to be liberal in spending foreign exchange, allow imports freely and when the expenses exceed demand, was advised to borrow and continue spending. This was the Structural Adjustment Programme of the IMF which was the conditionality to which every country that wanted Aid had to agree to. The IMF has plodded on for four decades, while none of the erudite dons in our Universities dared to critique and prove the ridiculous nature of the IMF teachings. Instead, they played poodle to the IMF.   In 1996 I addressed the dons in the Economics Department at Peradeniya in a lecture on what the IMF was doing to Sri Lanka by imposing its Structural Adjustment Programme. That was to be the beginning of a Visiting Lectureship for me. I came back to Sri Lanka in 1995 and hoped to get engaged in something worthwhile. None of them confronted my views. That lecture also ended my Visiting Lectureship perhaps because the dons felt that I was indoctrinating them with anti IMF and World Bank ideas. I rewrote the lecture and got it published in 1977: Microenterprise Development: A Strategy for Poverty Alleviation and Employment Creation in the Third World: The Way Out of the World Bank and IMF Stranglehold. (Sarasavi). That is  the first book contesting the IMF teachings. Professor Jeffery Sachs spoke of the detrimental effects of the IMF only in 2005 in his book The End of Poverty. That was  a passing reference stating that African countries were actually better off  before the inroads of the IMF and the World Bank. And later still the cat came out of the bag with John Perkins’ Confessions of an Economic Hitman where he confessed to have designed Aid Packages where the projects not only failed but also somehow shunted back the Aid sent to the Donor Countries.  That type of programme was a planned method  of the IMF and such institutions  to make  our countries indebted!

Dons not only at Peradeniya but worldwide have kept away from critiquing the Milton Friedman economics that underlie the IMF’s policies. The only  notable exception is Professor Waldon Bellow of the University of Philippines. .Professors Stiglitz and Jeffery Sachs have been critical of the policies of the IMF but they only make criticisms but never get into finding an alternative path. They were themselves in the pay of those Institutions and failed to fathom the detrimental effects that their policies would bring to the Third World countries.

I can understand why the dons of Developed Country Universities have desisted from critiquing the IMF’s policies because it is the IMF policies in implementation that have seen droves of students flocking to their Universities using the liberal use of foreign exchange that is borrowed. In that process it is the fees that these students pay that help many universities to survive. Some top ranking universities in the UK have even reduced the entry criteria to grab students. The students also take away foreign exchange for their upkeep. The IMF policies ensure that the Aid given to our countries and the dollars we get on loans somehow move  back to the Developed Countries(the donors) leaving the country that borrowed in debt. This is sad story narrated in mybook: How the IMF Sabotaged Third World Development (Kindle/Godages: 2017)

It is time that one of our leading Universities  takes on this mantle of delivering the Third World Countries from the clutches of the IMF and that itself will bring great worldwide prestige to any of our Universities. Our Universities at Colombo or Peradeniya, our best equipped and ideally staffed Universities will be thrust to the stature of the Ivy League if only they will dare to take on this  challenge. That task could be achieved within a year or two.

I do hope that my Alma Mater the Universities-Peradeniya or Colombo will take on this subject, develop a course structure and conduct research on this subject. They can be the first in the world if they dare. That will also help our Motherland and other Third World countries to find a New Paradigm for Development.

Garvin Karunaratne

B.A Peradeniya 1954, M.A. Peradeniya 1958

M.Ed. Manchester, M.Phil. Edinburgh & Ph.D. Michigan State University

30 th January 2018

WHAT ARE CREDIT IRREGULARITIES AND HOW THEY ARE DETERMINED?

July 5th, 2020

BY EDWARD THEOPHILUS

A recent statement of the Prime Minister, Mr. Mahinda Rajapaksa after meeting with executives of Ceylon Bank Employee’s Union regarding the investigation on the irregular credits of government banks during the Yahapalana Regime, expressed that the government is willing to appoint an investigation commission to consider the irregularities incurred in credit approval of government banks.  It is a vital action, however, many former bankers in state banks have a question why this investigation limits to the period of the Yahapalana Regime, and why couldn’t extend further covering from 1978 to 2019. The investigation of credit irregularities in government banks is not limited to a political issue, but it is an issue to entire bank management and concerning issues for maintaining viable credit assessment in the country. In early 1990 decade credit approval was a serious issue in government banks and the weak management forced the owner government to allocate a large volume of budget funds to increase capital of government banks as the failed credits was written off from the bank capital, banks supposed to come to a negative net worth. This issue impacts the payment system of the country.

During 1978 – 2019, many credit irregularities recorded in government banks and whether they were politically motivated or dishonesty of credit management in government banks are critical questions to be investigated by a commission. Sometimes, members of Ceylon Banks Employees Union may have involved in the credit irregularities and it might reveal that CBEU in some instances acted to protect members who participated in irregular activities than considering justice to the country.  Many bank employees are of opinion that CBEU protected only the favourite members of the union and the management.

There may be evidence that corrupt executives of government banks protected credit officers and managers who were members of CBEU.  If the government appoints a commission it should be covered a broader area and independent members, knowledgeable and competent members should be included to the proposed commission.

Credit irregularities in government banks have done damages to the economy as well as to the structure of government banks.

I participated in a risk asset review in corporate lending and retail lending in branches.  The following are irregular activities detected.

  • Approving credit on the request of politicians without assessing the creditworthy of customers
  • Approving credits to friends, relatives of bank management without assessing the customers quality
  • Approval of credits taking commission or bribery from customers and such actions were not involved, politicians
  • Some credit officers approved credits to customers without properly assessing credit proposals
  • Credit officers who approved credits were not properly trained by the banks to assess customers credit quality (Industry environment, Competitive position, collateral quality, credit structuring, and credit distribution covenants
  • Credit officers approved credit without the knowledge of accounting, for example, millions of credits granted to customers who had paid up-capital only Rupees 100 but the authorized capital was billions.  It was a cheating
  • Some customers financial statements indicated that money was given to credit officers and such money indicated as expenses in the income statement
  • Bank managers must daily match the volume of deposit and credit balance to protect from the potential liquidity problems and without doing this practice, credits were approved and the banks faced to liquidity problems and had to borrow from overseas to settle the problem.

Above were only a few irregularities, but many were recorded.

Failing credit repayment is natural in any country, however, credit management in government banks treated these issues as simple matters, and some dishonest managers were sent to overseas branches and honest managers were discriminated.

These issues need to investigate and develop policies to protect government banks.  

යාපනේ ගිය සජිත් ප්‍රේමදාස හා 13 වන සංශොධනය

July 5th, 2020

චන්ද්‍රසිරි විජයවික්‍රම, LL,B.,Ph,D.

කට කැඩිච්ච කතා

සජිත් ප්‍රේමදාස මහතා විසින් චන්ද රැස්වීම් වල කරණ ප්‍රකාශ යූටියුබ් වලින් බලන විට මට සිතෙන්නේ ඔහු මෙච්චරටම මෝඩ කුමක් නිසාද යන්නය. යමෙක් එකම වරද නැවත නැවත කරන්නේ ඇයි? මේ දවස් වල දේශපාලකයින් විසින් කරණ කතා අතුරින් රටට ඉතාම වැදගත් කාරණා දෙකක් ලෙස මා සළකන ජරමර දෙකක් නම් 13-ඒ මර උඟුල හා මිලෙනියම් ට්‍රෝජන් අශ්වයාදය. මෙහිදි සජිත් විසින් ලඟදී යාපනයට ගොස් කල 13-ඒ සම්බන්‌ධ ප්‍රකාශය මට සිහිකරන්නේ 1955 දී යාපනයට ගොස් සර් ජෝන් කලාය කියන <කට කැඩිච්ච- (බෑඩ් මවුතින්?) ප්‍රකාශයය. රට ජාතිය ගැන කිසි තැකීමක් නැතිව 2020 දී සජිත් කරන්නේ තමන් විසින් තමන්ගේ දේශපාලන සිය දිවි නසා ගැනීම බව ඔහුට නොතේරීම, එක අතකින් රටේ වාසනාවය. ඊට හේතුව ඔහුත්, සුමන්තිරන්ලාත්, රනිල් වික්‍රමසිංහත් ඉන්නේ එකම පරණ යහපාලන බෝට්ටුවේම බව ඉන් රටට එලිදරව් වීමය.

ඒකීය ශ්‍රී ලංකාවේ තමිල් අරෂු යන වංචාවේ අවසානය

මීට පෙර <සිංහල චන්දයෙන් දෙමළ ඊළමක් ලබා ගැනීම> (ලංකාවෙබ්, 2019/11/30) යන ලිපියෙන් පෙන්‌වා දුන් අන්දමට, යාපනේ දෙමළ ශිෂ්‍ය ඉල්ලීම් 13 ක් වශයෙන් සුමන්තිරන්/සම්බන්‌ධන් පිරිස ජනාධිපති අපේක්‍ෂකයින් දෙන්නාට ඉදිරිපත් කල ඔල්මාද යෝජනා ගොඨාභය විසින් මුළුමණින්ම ප්‍රතික්‍ෂේප කල අතර, සජිත් කලේ එය ප්‍රතික්‍ෂේප කරණු වෙනුවට , එය 2018 යහපාලන ව්‍යවස්ථා අටමඟුල හා පටලවා සිංහලයාත්, දෙමළාත් දෙකොටසම රැවටීමට සැදීමය. මෙම ඉල්ලීම් 13 ප්‍රතික්‍ෂේපකල ගෝඨාභයට උතුරේ සෑහෙන දෙමළ චන්ද සංඛ්‍යාවක් ලැබුණේය. දෙමළ ඊළම සඳහා, තමන් ඒකීය රටක ශ්‍රී ලාංකිකයින් යයි කියන ටී.එ‌න්.ඒ කාරයින් හා අනිත් එවැනි අය අද මුහුණ පා සිටින්නේ බලවත් පණ රැක ගැණීමේ සටනකය.

1970 දශකයේ ඇල්ෆ්රඩ් දුරෙයියප්පා කාලයේ මෙන් නොව දැන් සෑහෙන පෙඩරල් විරෝධී බලවේග උතුරේ මතුවී ඇත. ආවා කල්ලියේ යැයි හංවඩු ගැසීමට හැදූ අරුන් සිද්‌ධාර්ත් ගෝඨාභයට පක්‍ෂව චන්දය ඉල්ලයි. කරුණා අම්මාන්ද එසේමය. ක්‍රිකට් ක්‍රීඩක මුරලි ඔහුගේ මල්ලී ඉදිරිපත් කර ගෝඨාභයට සහාය දෙයි. මේ හැමටම වඩා වැදගත් භූමිකාව වන්නේ කර්‌නල් රත්නප්‍රිය බන්‌ධු වවුනියාවෙන් චන්දය ඉල්ලීමය. යුද හමුදාවට සාමාන්‍ය දෙමළ ජනයාගේ ඇති කැමැත්ත හා හීන කුලයේ යයි දෙමළ ජනයා පාගාගෙන සිටි කොළඹ පදිංචි දෙමළ වෙල්ලාල (හා ක්‍රිස්තියානි) පිරිසට විරුද්‌ධව මේ ජනයා අවදිවීම සුමන්තිරන්-විග්නේශ්වරන්-සම්බන්‌ධන් යුගයේ අවසානය ඉඟිකරයි. දෙමළ හින්දු-සිංහල බෞද්‌ධ එකතුව සඳහා හාමුදුරුවරුද මැදිහත්‌වී සිටී.

මාසෙට විසිදාහ දෙන්නේ නිධන් කඩලාද?

මාසෙට විසිදාහ ගානේ පවුල් වලට බෙදනවා, රෑට මුරට යනවා, මම ආර්ථික විද්‍යාව දන්නවා වැනි කතා සපයන්නේ විහිළුය. එහෙත් 13-ඒ ගැන ඔහුගේ කියමන් ඔහුගේ මෝඩ හිසට දමන්නේ කවුද? 13-ඒ ප්ලස් පියා ලෙස සමහරු සළකන දයාන් ජයතිලකද? වරින් වර නොයෙක් සූත්‍ර ගේන දයාන් දැන්, 13-ඒ ප්ලස්, ඇමෙරිකන් මිලේනියම් මයිනස් සමඟ බද්‌ධ කරයි!<ග්‍රාම රජ්‍ය හා නගර රාජ්‍ය සංකල්පයට අමතරව, ඒකීය ශ්‍රී ලංකාව තුල බලය බෙදුණ 13 සංශොධනයට මං කැමතියි> යනුවෙන් සජිත් යාපනේදී කියන්නේ (ජූලි 2, රෑ 9:55 හිරු නිව්ස්), මේවා අඹද, පේරද, වසද, කියාවත් නොදැනය. 13-ඒ යනු ලංකාවට ඇටවූ මර උඟුලක් බව මෙතරම් ප්‍රත්‍යක්‍ෂව තිබියදීත්, මෙවැනි ජාති ද්‍රෝහී, දේශ ද්‍රෝහී කතා කියන්නට සොක්‍රටීස් කෙනෙක් වගේ ඔහුගේ <ශ්‍රී මුඛය> ඇරෙන්නේ කෙසේද? මේ වචන, සංකල්ප ඔහු දොඩවන්නේ ඒවායේ සංකීර්‍ණබව තියා ඒවායේ තේරුමවත් හරිහැටි නොදැනය යන්න මගේ නිගමනයය.

පලාත් සභා මිණී වළෙන් ගොඩ ගැනීම

රටට කොඩිවිනයක්‌වූ රනිල්-චන්ද්‍රිකා-සිරිසේන ප්‍රමුඛ යහපාලන මරාලය කල නොයෙක් දුෂ්ඨ ක්‍රියා අතර, හුදෙක් චන්දවලට ඇති භය නිසාම, නොසිතා රටට සිදුකල යහපත් දෙයක් නම් පලාත් සභා නමැති පණ අදිමින් සිටි සුදු අලියා පණ පිටින්ම වලලා දැමීමය. මෙය රටට ලැබුණ වෙස් වලාගත් භාග්‍යයක් නොවේද? මෙතෙක් මේ හොර පලාත් සභා නැතිව රට ගෙනයාමෙන් ඔප්පු වන්නේ මෙය දේශපාලකයින්ගේ රන් ආකරයක්ව තිබූ බව නොවේද? මේ මරුවා ගොඩට ගෙනැවිත් යලි ඔක්‍ෂිජන් දීමට බලන, කලින් මේ යුද්‌ධය නම් කවදාවත් දිණන්න බෑ කියූ කළු සුද්දන් පිරිස, දැන් නැවත වරක් හොරගල් අහුලමින් සිටී. උදාහරණයක් වශයෙන්, ජනාධිපති සිරිසේනගේ රුසියන් තානාපතිව සිටි දයාන් ජයතිලක, ඔහුගේ ලංකා ගාර්ඩියන් වෙබ් පත්‍රයේ මෝඩිට අල්ලසක් වශයෙන් 13-ඒ ඔහුට පුදා, ඇමෙරිකා බිග් බ්‍රදර් ගෙන් බේරෙන ලෙස ජනාධිපති ගෝඨාභයට දිරච්ච ලණුවක් යෝජනා කලේය. ඔහු මීට කලින් ජීනීවාහිදී ඉඩම් හා පොලිස් බලතල පොරොන්‌දුවී (13-ඒ ප්ලස්) මහින්ද ජනාධිපති විසින් ආපසු කැඳවූයේය (පෙබරවාරි 20, 2020). මොකක් හෝ හේතුවක් නිසා රනිල්ට නම් දයාන්ව අල්ලන්නේම නැත. එහෙත් වර්‌ධරාජා පෙරුමාල්ගේ ඇමතිව සිට ඔහුත් සමඟ ඉන්දියාවට පලාගිය දයාන්, පසුව ආර් ප්‍රේමදාසගෙන් සමාව ලබාගෙන ඔහුගේ දක්‍ෂකම ගැන ස්ත්‍රෝත්‍ර ගයන වන්දි භට්ටයෙක්ව සිටියේය.

1987 දී කළු සුද්දන් පිරිසක් හැරුණු විට මුළු රටම මේ පලාත් සභා මර උගුලට විරුද්‌ධව නැගී සිටියේය. මිය ගිය පිරිසද විශාලය. එහෙත් අද වන විට මේ මර උගුලට විරුද්‌ධව රටේ බොහෝ පක්‍ෂ දේශපාලකයින් ඉන්නේ මීයන් මෙන් නිහඬවය. නොදන්නා කමට හෝ පෙඩරල් පාරේ යන ඇත්තෝ පරණ නිල්, කොල පක්‍ෂ දෙකේම සඟවී සිටීනැත්තචශයෙන් බලන විට අත ගැසූ හැමදේම අනාගත් ජේ.ආර්., ඒ අවස්ථාවේදී ජේ. ආර් ගේ වයසට අනුව බලන විට, රජිව් ගාන්‌ධි නම් කොලු ගැටයාට හා ඩිෂිට්ට දණ නොගැසුවා නම් ඉන්දියාව උතුර-නැඟෙනහිර අල්ලාගෙන ඊළම් පාර කපාදී යනු නිසැකය (ඊට විරුද්‌ධවූ එකම යූ.ඇන්.පී මන්ත්‍රී වූයේ අනාගාරික ධර්‌මපාලතුමාගේ ඥාති හෝමාගම ගාමිණී ජයසූරිය මහතාය; රජිව්ට හමුදා ආචාර පෙලපාලියේදී, 1987 ජූලි 30 දා, රයිෆල් බඳෙන් ගැහුවේ විජේමුනි විජිත රෝහණ ද සිල්වා නම් නාවික භටයාය). ඒ බව තේරුම් ගෙන ඉන් ගැලවීමට පසු කාලීන දේශපාලකයින් ක්‍රියා නොකිරීම ලංකාවේ කරුමය විය.

13-ඒ පාර සඳහා මුල්ම පස්පිඩැල්ල කපා දුන්නේ අගමැති බණ්ඩාරණායක විසින් 1958 දීය. ඒ ඔහු උතුරු-නැඟෙනහිර රට සභා පිහිටුවා ඒවාට ඉඩම් බලතල හා මිනිසුන් ඉඩම්වල පදිංචිකිරීමේ බලයද දීමට චෙල්වනායගම් සමඟ ගිවිසුමක් අත්සන් කිරීමෙනි. ඊට ‌විරුද්‌ධව පෙලපාලි ගිය ජේ.ආර් හා ඩඩ්ලි 1968 දී, බණ්ඩාරණායක එකඟ වූවාටත් වඩා බලතල මේ රට සභාවලට දීමට එකග විය. ඒ අනුව, ඒ ප්‍රදේශවල වසන සිංහලයෙකුටවත්, ඉඩම් ලැබෙන්නේ රටේ ඉන්නා ඉඩම් ඉල්ලන සියළුම දෙමළ ජාතිකයින්ට ඉඩම් බෙදාදී ඉතුරුවුනොත්‌ය! මෙම මෝඩ ගමන තිස් අවුරුදු යුද්‌ධයකින් පසුවත් අවසාන නොවූයේ, දෙමළ බෙදුම්වාදය මතවාදයෙන් පැරදවීමට සිංහල දේශපාලකයින්ට ඕනෑකමක් නොවූ නිසාය. එය ගොඨාභය ජනාධිපතිවීමත් සමඟ වෙනස්වෙමින් පවතින බව වෙන කැවුරු නැතත්, සම්බන්‌ධන්ලා තේරුම් ගෙන ඇති බව නැඟෙනහිර පුරාවස්තු බලකාය ගැන ඔහු ජනාධිපතිට යැවූ පරාදයට අකුලාගත්තා වැනි පෙත්සමේ පේලි අතරින් දිස්වේ. දෙමළ බෞද්‌ධයා නම් කතාවක් හරහා දෙමළ නිජබිම් මිථ්‍යාවට ඔක්‍ෂිජන් දීමට ඔහු තතනයි.

මෙවන් පසු බිමකදී සජිත් යාපනේ ගොස් කල ප්‍රකාශය, ඔහුගේ පියා ප්‍රභාකරන්ට ආයුධ දීම, රනිල් විසින් 2002 දී කල සාම විරාම ගිවිසුම් පාවා දීම, මිලේනියම් සිටි ද්‍රෝහී ක්‍රියාව, චන්ද්‍රිකා විසින් පැකේජ් ඩීල් හරහා රට බෙදාදීම, චන්ද්‍රිකා හා ප්‍රේමදාස ප්‍රහාකරන්ට උතුරු පලාත බදු දීමට කල යෝජනා මෙන්ම ගොන් වැඩකි. ඔහුගේ ප්‍රකාශය හයේ පන්තියේ ලමයෙකුවත් නොකල යුතු දෙයකි. ඊට හේතුව සුප්‍රිම් උසාවිය විසින් 13-ඒ අනුව ලංකාව ඒකීය නොව පෙඩරල් කියා දැනටමත් තීන්‌දුවක් දී ඇති නිසාය. මෙවැනි මෝඩයෙක් රටේ අගමැති වේවිද? මෙය චන්ද දායකයින්ට පෙන්වා දීම කාගේ යුතුකමද?

මා විසින් කලක සිටම මේ 13-ඒ මර උඟුල ගැන ලිපි රාශියක්ම සිංහලෙන් හා ඉංග්‍රීසියෙන් ලියා ඇත. මේ නිසා මට මේ ගැන තවදුරටත් ලියන්නට අප්‍රියය. ඒ නිසා, ඊළම හා වතුර යුද්‌ධ යනුවෙන් 2017 මැයි 15 දා ලංකාවෙබ් වෙබ් අඩවියේ පළවූ ලිපියකට ලින්ක් එක මෙහි පහතින් දක්වමි. එය කවුරුන් හෝ සජිත්ට හෝ ආර්‌යාවට යවන්නේ නම් කෘතඥවෙමි.

OPEN LETTER TO SAJITH PREMADASA

July 5th, 2020

  By Stanley Perera

My dear Sajith,

Re-Why you are an unsuitable person to rule Sri Lanka


The writer 78 years old expatriate Sri Lankan domiciled in Melbourne Sri Lanka in the past 43 years who never lost contact with his country of birth with worldly knowledge and abundance of experience in Medical science wishes to give you a piece of advice in your political campaign at the present time.  First and foremost is that one must have a limit in whatever ambitions he or she aims at.  Secondly, one must understand the feelings of the masses and have a clear conscience or plan and policies in what you offer.  In plain and simple language I must say that you have neither of those to win the hearts and minds of the nation.

WHERE DID YOU FIND THE MONEY TO SPEND ON THE POLITICAL CAMPAIGN?

I doubt you can give an answer to this embarrassIng question when you have not earned a single cent in your lifetime.  You are simply spending the taxpayers money so lavishly and living in absolute luxury.  This proves you are not a hard working man to earn a living.  How did you find a mint of money to live in a palatial bungalow worth millions and millions of dollars.  People are not fools.  They want to know how jenuine is your desire to sertve the masses.  They want to know your future plans and policies to develop the country. You have neither of those.  You became a filure in national housing scheme you undertook in Hambantota and wasted a colossal amount of money.   You admitted after spending a colosal amount of money in the Presidential election and owing a one hell of a lot of money.  Where did you find the kind of money to spend?  The rumours are such that you robbed from the national housing budget that was under your ministry.

Your President father R.Premadasa’s mass murdering some 60,000 Sinhala youth is the biggest hurdle that you have to face.

Your President father R.Premadasa providing arms,ammunitions and bombs to the LTTE is aother biggesthurdle that you have to face with.

Your President father R.Premadasa instructing 600 police to surrender to LTTE.  These 600 Sinhala police men were cold blooded murder by LTTE is another hurdle you have to face with.

Your sister getting caught red handed in printing counterfeight notes is another hurdle you have to face with.

You earning a name as niodahan hora is another hurdle you have to face with.  During your father’s time as President you unearthed enormous amount of nidahans.  Including, excavating Ruwanweli Maha Seya in search of the golden Sward of Dutu Gemunu.

You are in association with Bathiudin and Rauff Hakeem who are well known to be anti Sinhalese connected to islamist Terrorism in Sri Lanka.  That is a biggest hurdle you have to  face with.  In this scenario all Sinhala voters are united to cast you out of the General Election on 5th August.

You are in association with Sampanthan and gang who are  well known to be anti Sinhalese.  This is a biggest hurdle you have to face with.  In this scenario  all Sinhalese are united vote two third to Rajapakses.

You have no family and therefore you are not recognisd as a family man by massess.  This is a biggest hurdle you have to face with.  The Sri Lankan constituency is such they want a familied man as the head of the state.  That is why Ranil Wickremasinghe never became the President of Sri Lanka.

Rajapakses are the stalwerts of politics in Sri Lanka\ and you are no match to the Rajapakses.  This is my independent analysis.  My dear Sajith, you are only wasting your time and energy.  You can never win the government of Sri Lanka.  It is my honest opinion.

My dear Sajith, the above-mentioned rationale in point form are some of the major hurdles you have to face.  I therefore suggest you withdraw from the race in dignified manner.

Yours Truly,
Stanley Perera.
Melbourne.
Australia.

බොහෝ දේශපාලන පක්ෂ මීටරය තබා සෙන්ටිමීටරයේ වත් පරතරය ගැන සැලකිලිමත් නෑ. – කැෆේ කියයි

July 5th, 2020

මාධ්‍ය නිවේදනය – පාර්ලිමේන්තු මැතිවරණය 2020  මාධ්‍ය ඒකකය කැෆේ සංවිධානය

බොහෝ දේශපාලන පක්ෂ සිය මැතිවරණ රැස්වීම් වලදී මීටරයේ දුර නොව සෙන්ටිමීටරයේ දුරක් වත් තබා නොගන්නා බව කැෆේ සංවිධානය කියයි. කැෆේ සංවිධානයේ අධ්‍යක්ෂිකා සුරංගි ආරියවංශ මහත්මිය සඳහන් කළේ පවතින සෞඛ්‍යමය තත්වය හේතුකොටගෙන ආරක්ෂිත ලෙස මුහුන ආවරණ පැළඳ මීටරයක දුරින් ජනතාව රැස්කර මැතිවරණ ව්‍යාපාර කළ යුතු බවට සඳහන් වුව ද බොහෝ අපේක්ෂකයින් මෙම නිර්දේශ මායිම් නොකර පුරුදු පරිදි සිය මැතිවරණ කටයුතු පවත්වාගෙන යමින් සිටින බවයි.  

කොරෝනා රෝග ව්‍යාප්තිය යම් මට්ටමින් පාලනය වුවද ජනතාවගේ නොසැලකිල්ල මත යළි දරුණු වසංගත තත්වයක් ඇතිවීමේ දැඩි අවධානමක් පවතින බවත්, එම තත්වයෙන් රට මුදා ගැනීමට අවශ්‍ය පියවර ගැනීම සියලු දෙනාගේම  වගකීමක් බවත් ඇය පෙන්වා දෙයි. මෙම ආරක්ෂිත සමයේ කටයුතු කළ යුතු ආකාරය  පිළිබඳ පක්ෂ මට්ටමින් සිය ආධාරකරුවන් දැනුවත් කළ යුතු වුව ද  එවැනි විධිමත් වැඩපිළිවෙළක් පිළිබඳව මෙතෙක් වාර්තා වී නැති බවත් ඇය පෙන්වා දෙයි.

මැතිවරණ ව්‍යාපාරය යනු  ජනයා ඒකාරාශි වන, පුළුල් ක්‍රියාවලියක් වන අතර එම අවස්ථාවලදී නිසි සෞඛ්‍ය ක්‍රමවේද අනුගමනය කිරීම සැබෑ ජන හිතකාමී පක්ෂ සහ අපේක්ෂකයින්ගේ වගකීමක් වන බව ඇය සඳහන් කරයි. මැතිවරණ කටයුතු සඳහා ජනතාව යොදා ගැනීමේදී සෞඛ්‍ය සම්පන්න වීම ජනතාව මත පටවා අත් පිසදා ගැනීම එම දේශපාලන පක්ෂ වලට සහ ආධාරකරුවන්ට නොහැකි බවද ආරියවංශ මහත්මිය සඳහන් කරයි. මේ ආකාරයට ජනතාවගේ ආරක්ෂාව ගැන නොසිතා තම ජයග්‍රහණය පිළිබඳව පමණක් සිතා කටයුතු කරන අපේක්ෂකයින්ට  කතිරයෙන් නිසි පිළිතුරු ලබා දීමට ජනතාවට ස්වර්ණමය අවස්ථාවක් හිමිව ඇති බවද ආරියවංශ මහත්මිය වැඩිදුරටත් සඳහන් කරයි

මාධ්‍ය ඒකකය

කැෆේ සංවිධානය

Open air art shows are back in Colombo after lifting of lockdown

July 5th, 2020

Courtesy NewsIn.Asia

As part of the democratization of art sales, the Colombo Municipality allows artists to sell their works in the street outside the Viharamahadevi Park

Colombo, July 5 (Xinhua/newsin.asia/www.theculturetrip.com): Open-air art shows at Green Path in Colombo, the capital city of Sri Lanka, had disappeared temporarily due to a nationwide curfew imposed by Sri Lankan government to prevent the spread of COVID-19 since March 20. But after the curfew was lifted on June 28, artists gradually returned here to display their artworks, Xinhua reported.

The Chief of Bureau, Xinhua News Agency in Sri Lanka and the Maldives, Tang Lu, who took the pictures, told newsin.asia that there were hardly any patrons, though there were plenty of exhibits.

Perhaps because of the residual psychological effect of the pandemic, and also because the exhibition is located on a road which is not used much by pedestrians, not many people were there, Tang Lu said.

The absence of foreign tourists may be one reason for the poor turnout. Tourists come to the exhibition after they visit some of the tourist sites in the area, but the country is not yet open to tourists. However, the artists did not complain. In fact, they complimented the government for containing the COVID-19 pandemic,” she added.

Asked what he was doing during the two-month long lockdown, artist K.Jaisinghe, who seemed to be fond of elephants: I drew 26 elephants!”

Artist K.Jaisinghe, who is fond of elephants, said that he drew 26 elephants during the two-month lockdown. Photo: Tang Lu/ Xinhua

A vibrant explosion of creativity

Siobhan Ali, writing on The Culture Trip has the following to say on the exhibition:- Across the road from the scenic Viharamahadevi Park, Nelum Pokuna Art Street is a picturesque roadside attraction that characterises the beauty and local talent of Colombo, Sri Lanka. Aspiring young artists showcase their work at this market-style road, offering a unique insight into the thriving art scene.

Located directly behind the National Museum of Colombo, Nelum Pokuna Art Street is in the heart of city. Easily accessible to tourists, this roadside market is a kaleidoscope of colour, bringing the city streets to life.

A tuk tuk passes by at the roadside exhibition of art. Photo: Tang Lu/Xinhua

The art market allows visitors to immerse themselves in Sri Lanka‘s art scene directly through the paintings of locals. From canvases of traditional stilt fishermen and tea plantations, to Buddhist monks and elephants, the works offer an insight into key Sri Lankan symbols and their long-standing cultural connotations. This unique format allows a further understanding of the artworks, as you can interact with the artists and discuss their experiences and the inspiration behind each painting.

The market undoubtedly plays an important role for tourists to Sri Lanka’s capital city, with snapshots of the stalls featured in most travel albums. However, the market is also intrinsic to the professional careers of the artists themselves: many are students who are looking to sell their art to cover the cost of their university education, and Nelum Pokuna Art Street provides a stepping stone in their careers.

The works on display are varied. Photo: Tang Lu/Xinhua

Artists also hope to get recognition as they cannot afford the high fees charged by galleries – the street allows a client base to be developed and artists to receive patronage, with art being promoted as a lucrative career path. Artists here have been commissioned to brighten up the corridors of various international embassies in Sri Lanka as well the homes of high-profile clients such as diplomats, ambassadors and politicians. In this way, the tourist hub is able to give many budding artists their ‘big break.’ The market fosters creativity, giving back to the local community.

Annual Event Kala Pola

An annual event that celebrated its 25th anniversary this year, Kala Pola is an open-air art fair that is held in Colombo’s capital city. Allowing artists from all across Sri Lanka to come down and display their paintings and sculptures, Kala Pola is a national celebration of art and a beloved cultural event. As with the regular daily market, the event offers networking opportunities. In recent years, over 300 artists have presented their work and the market has welcomed 22,000 visitors and generated RS. 13 million (USD$82,300) in sales.

Patiently waiting for buyers. Photo: Tang Lu/Xinhua

As well as admiring and taking photos of the art, do try to show your support and purchase a painting (or two!). Most are quite affordably priced and you can haggle to negotiate a price that works for you and the artist. In this way, you can contribute to the local art scene, encouraging talent and allowing these young artists to continue doing what they love. You are also directly paying the artist themselves, rather than paying a gallery’s commission.

If you’re worried about transporting large canvases back home, don’t be! The artists can easily remove the painting from the canvas and roll it up for you to take along on your travels. They also sell painting storage tubes for added protection.

People walk past the roadside exhibition. Photo: Tang Lu/ Xinhua

The practice of adding your signature to your artwork is attributed to the Renaissance period. Unfortunately, many of the paintings sold along the Nelum Pokuna Art Street are lacking their creators’ unique insignias. With that in mind, do ask the artist if they would be willing to add their initials and the date to your painting or if they would like to pose with the painting. This will be a unique token for you to remember your trip and the artist behind the stunning work you will display in your home.

SJB a cat’s paw of communal political parties- Prime Minister Mahinda Rajapaksa

July 5th, 2020

Courtesy The Daily Mirror

Prime Minister Mahinda Rajapaksa today requested all voters to give them an overwhelming mandate exceeding even that of the presidential election of 2019, in order to put an end to narrow minded communalism in the politics of this country. Issuing a statement the Prime Minister said;The leader of the newly formed Samagi Jana Balawegaya was the UNP presidential candidate in 2019. The manifesto that Sajith Premadasa issued for the presidential election titled in Sinhala ‘Sri Lankawe idirigamanata seemawak netha, ekwa gamana yamu’ had a chapter titled ‘Janathawage Vyawasthawa’ on pages 15-16 which contained the following proposals.   • Replacing the word ‘unitary’ with the formulation ‘undivided and indivisible’ in describing the Sri Lankan state.• Devolving the powers of the central government to the provinces to the maximum extent possible.• Creating a second chamber of Parliament made up of provincial council representatives to further limit the powers of the central legislature.• Abolishing the exclusive financial powers of Parliament and allowing provincial councils to raise funds independently.• Placing the district secretaries and divisional secretaries under the purview of the provincial councils.• Setting up a separate constitutional court to adjudicate in disputes between the central government and the provincial councils. The constitutional proposals in Sajith Premadasa’s manifesto are identical to the proposals in the draft constitution tabled in Parliament by UNP leader Ranil Wickremasinghe in early 2019. An essential precondition to the division of this country is to remove from our Constitution the phrase ‘unitary state’ which has a special technical meaning. The international community can then take note of the fact and act accordingly.  The inclusion of constitutional proposals aimed at the division of the country in the manifesto of a major political party, is a cause for grave concern. This document was presented to the Most Venerable Mahanayake Theras and Anunayaka Theras with a great deal of publicity without however giving them any prior warning about its contents. If they had won the last presidential election, these proposals would have been implemented on the claim that it had received a mandate from the people and the blessings of the Maha Sangha. The political ‘mara-senawa’ that came together to capture power through the presidency and to divide the country after trampling underfoot the majority community, was made up of the same elements in 2010, 2015 and 2019. These political parties which were earlier with the UNP, have now shifted their allegiance to the Samagi Jana Balawegaya on the grounds that Ranil is incapable of winning the required number of Sinhala votes whereas Sajith is better positioned to do so. We see the Samagi Jana Balawegaya trying to fulfil their side of this bargain by giving election pledges such as an allowance of Rs. 20,000 for every family. They tried to win the presidential election also with promises of various handouts. A political party that caters to a single ethnic or religious community only looks after the narrow interests of that group and considers other communities to be outsiders or even enemies. Our most recent experience of the dangerous consequences of this brand of politics was the Easter Sunday terrorist attack. When a given political party restricts itself to just one ethnic or religious group, they too become prisoners of circumstances. When the extremist preacher Zaharan Hashim built himself a small following in the East, communal political parties had to compete for the votes of that group. That enabled this extremist to summon all communal candidates for election in that district and even impose conditions on them. Though this process, extremists controlled the communal political parties and the communal political parties in turn controlled the national political party running the government. Ultimately the extremists indirectly controlled the government. The yahapalana government was not able to prevent the Easter Sunday bombings because they had fallen victim to this brand of politics.  G.G.Ponnamabalam was a minister in Sri Lanka’s first post independence government. Even though he was not a member of the UNP, he was a lifelong political ally of the Senanayakes. Until 1975, Alfred Duriappah was a pillar of the SLFP in Jaffna. There were figures like A.C.S.Hameed and M.H.Mohamed in the UNP and Badiuddin Mohamed and Alavi Moulana in the SLFP. All of them represented the Tamil or Muslim communities and were stalwarts of either the UNP or the SLFP. The politics of trampling the majority community underfoot and obtaining privileges for one’s own community through political extortion never existed at that time. The reason why this poisonous political culture has flourished up to this point is because those engaged in such politics have benefitted enormously from it. The people defeated that brand of politics at the 2019 presidential election. If we are to see the kind of frienship and cooperation that existed between the various communities in this country in times past, we have to ensure that those who engage in narrow minded communal politics are not able to benefit from it. It’s only then that a new generation of Ponnambalams, Duriappahs, Hameeds and Moulanas will emerge from among the younger generation. I request all voters to give us an overwhelming mandate exceeding even that of the presidential election of 2019, in order to put an end to narrow minded communalism in the politics of this country. 

Farmers urge President not to allow artificial rice shortages

July 5th, 2020

Courtesy Adaderana

The farmers in Polonnaruwa made a strong plea to the President not to allow the intermediaries to create an artificial rice shortage. They pointed out that there was a bumper harvest in the previous seasons. 

‘Hence, should not allow the attempts to create a rice shortage to succeed”, the farmers said. 

The farmers made this request to President Gotabaya Rajapaksa when he joined a public gathering held at the Siripura Provincial Council Ground in Polonnaruwa on Sunday (July 5) in support of Sri Lanka Podu Jana Peramuna (SLPP) candidates contesting the upcoming general election.

President Rajapaksa told the farmers that after the government assumed office, it had implemented a systematic strategy for the rehabilitation of deteriorating paddy storage facilities and to ensure an efficient paddy purchasing process. The President further said that the government has planned to act in a manner that would not cause any problem to the paddy farmers. 

Residents of the Polonnaruwa area have also appealed the President to take stern legal actions against those responsible for the Central Bank bond scam. Human-elephant conflict and unemployment are among the biggest problems faced by the people living in the Polonnaruwa District. Residents also requested the President to take swift actions to solve these issues.

SLPP candidates Former State Minister Roshan Ranasinghe, former Deputy Minister Siripala Gamlath and Mr. Jagath Samarawickrema were present on the occasion.

The President also joined the public gathering held at Kalukale in support of SLPP candidate Mr. Jayasinghe Banda.

A set of proposals seeking redress for their problems was handed over to President Rajapaksa by Maha Sangha of the area, when he joined the public gathering held at the Manampitiya Pratibha Hall. Following that, a Seth Pirith chanting was held to invoke blessings on the President. A group of teachers gathered in front of the Pratibha Hall handed over a set of proposals to the President. Former State Minister Roshan Ranasinghe was also present on the occasion.

President Rajapaksa also participated in a public meeting organized by the former Chief Minister, Peshala Jayaratne at Kaduruwela area this afternoon. People gathered at this event requested the President to renovate the tanks in the area. They drew the President’s attention to the issues relating to supply of paddy seeds and fertilizer.

The President who joined the public gathering organized at Galwala Junction in Thambala and engaged in a cordial discussion with the residents of the area and inquired into their well-being. 

A public gathering organized by the former President Maithripala Sirisena was held at Deepa Uyana, Polonnaruwa and President Rajapaksa joined this meeting and had a cordial discussion with the residents of the area.

-PMD

Easter attack update – Information of the planned bomber at Taj Samudra and the London bomber

July 5th, 2020

Courtesy Hiru News

It has been revealed that the extremist preacher who influenced Safia Shaikh, the female who was planning a suicide bombing in London, had links with Abdul Latif Mohammed Jamil who came to blast Taj Samudra Hotel and the mastermind behind the Easter attack in the country, Saharan Hashim.

Foreign media reported that the Taj Samudra bomber had met the extremist preacher in Britain in 2006 and 2007.

The 36-year-old British woman, Safia Shaikh, has been sentenced to life in prison for planning a suicide bombing targeting London’s famous St. Paul’s Cathedral and a popular tourist hotel, inspired by last year’s bombing in Sri Lanka.

A confession she made revealed that in 2007, she embraced Islam and became a fanatic of Islam extremism through Internet sermons.

Extremists preachers Abu Walid, Al Muhajiron and Anjam Chaudhry has been her influencers.  

It has been revealed that Abdul Latif Mohammed Jamil, who came to attack the Taj Samudra Hotel on Easter Sunday, had been in contact with the extremist lecturer, known as Anjam Chaudhry, during his higher studies at Kingston University, in London.

The British media reports that Anjam Chowdhury has acted as a key representative of IS supporters in Britain, and his sermons have been followed by Saharan Hashim the mastermind of the Easter Attack in Sri Lanka and his family members,

The British media reports that Anjum Chaudhry has been identified as one of the most dangerous extremists in Britain, according to intelligence reports. He was jailed in 2016 due to IS terrorist support and was released in 2018.

Two (02) more persons confirmed for Covid -19: SL Country total increases to 2,076

July 5th, 2020

Courtesy Hiru News

Two (02) more persons have tested positive for Covid-19 (new coronavirus) infection.

The country total has increased to 2,076 according to the latest information by the Epidemiology unit of the Ministry of Health.

57 suspects arrested in 24 hours for defrauding over 108 million

July 5th, 2020

Courtesy Hiru News

In a special operation conducted by the Senior DIG in charge of the Western Province Deshabandu Tennakoon, 57 suspects have been arrested today (05) by the police.

Among them were nine women and 48 men, who were involved in 70 crimes including money laundering, forgery and polygamy.

The police stated that the total financial value of the crimes solved by the arrest of these suspects was over 108 million (LKR 108, 470,356)

In addition to these suspects, 13 suspects who were evading arrest after being issued warrants have been taken into custody by the Fraud Investigation Bureau. The suspects will be produced in courts tomorrow (06).

Future cannot be built on the failed past of minorities

July 4th, 2020

H. L. D. Mahindapala

Managing a democracy in normal times is bad enough. Managing it in times of crises can be a horripilating nightmare. Choices have to be made between confronting imperatives demanding urgent and unpalatable decisions and the popular will that will invariably opt for the comfortable and the least painful way out. The choices available for the drivers steering the wheel of state are risky either way. To begin with, no one likes the changing of gears which disturbs the settled position in the seat at a time when you are cruising smoothly on the surface of a flat road. Besides, it tends to build a kind of resentment against the driver who is doing his best to navigate his way forward through the bends and over the bumps. The driver who is at the wheel of the state is always trapped in this predicament. In reality he doesn’t have much of a choice. The choice available in trying to lie down at the end of the day is between a bed of thorns and porcupines.

President Gotabaya Rajapakse is the current driver in the seat. He has been driving the state since November 19, 2019. To arrive at his destination, he has decided to go down Dharmapala Mawatha. That is the meaning of November 19, 2019 – a date which is going to be as meaningful as 1956”. At no time in the post-independent period has the Sinhala-Buddhists decided to act collectively as a united political force as on November 19, 2019. There is, of course, 1956”. That was different. It was the year in which the colonial dam burst. The natural flow of history was dammed for nearly five hundred years and the accumulated forces were rearing to break loose in 1956. It could not be contained any longer behind any wall. The increasing pressures of the critical mass of historical forces waiting to breakthrough was too overbearing for any obsolete colonial dam to hold back.

Besides, by 1956” the tsunamic waves of anti-colonialism had swept across Afro-Asian nations overthrowing Western institutions and values. On the surface there was the change of guard. On the surface the Brown sahib replaced the White sahib. But beneath that political façade were the grassroot forces sweeping away the cultural remnants of colonialism.

The waves were just not political. Overthrowing the alien cultural dominance that came with Western imperialism proved to be more difficult than just sending home the Western masters.  At independence Sri Lanka was ruled by 6% of the English-speaking elite. Of this, the English-speaking Vellalas held a disproportionate share of jobs and power in the British bureaucracy.   More than the class division it was the cultural division – the English-speaking kultur elite versus the Sinhala-speaking yakkos – that separated and alienated the people from the state.

So, by 1956” the trends had developed and strengthened at all levels for the people to reclaim the nation they lost to the West. It was a historical inevitability.  It was the momentous year in which the historical imbalances caused by alien rule were readjusted and restored to their legitimate place. It was the first flowering of the grassroot forces that were suppressed for nearly five hundred years of colonialism. It was the dawning of a new era for the people who understood it their way and expressed it in the very simple slogan: Api-ta tha-na dun-na!” (We were given our due place!) They were referring to the place their ancestors lost five hundred years ago.

I was there when the over-joyed masses swarmed into Parliament and occupied the well of the House. The feeling in the air of having regained the precious heritage that was lost for centuries was infectious. Overwhelmed, some even shed tears of joy. It was a moment to remember for the rest of the living days.

S. W. R. D. Bandaranaike who came from Oxford had the foresight to identify and go along with the irresistible and overwhelming forces of history and win. He was chosen by history to lead 1956”. Stephen Spender’s splendid lines in ”I Think Continually of Those Who Were Truly Great” describe his stature most aptly:

Born of the sun they travelled a short while towards the sun,

And left the vivid air signed with their honour.”

He didn’t die when he was assassinated. Like all great historical figures, he was reborn in the memory of the people whom he served. To this day he lives as a determining force in the memory of the people who define and pursue their own destiny. 

Gotabaya Rajapakse’s victory on November 19, 2019 is a return to 1956” but with new characteristics. If 1956” was a clear rejection of colonialism – a movement that was defined, refined and led by self-sacrificing activists like Anagarika Dharmapala — , 2019” was an unequivocal rejection of fascist minoritarian politics threatening the majoritarian way of life inherited from the first steps taken by the nation-building pioneers who put their roots down firmly, unlike the other itinerant migrants, and opened up the virgin land to make this island a fit dwelling-place for men” (Mahavamsa) – one of the finest political ideals of all mankind.

In 2019 the minoritarianists were all out to rewrite the pages of history by devaluing and denigrating the very forces that opened the doors of the land and welcomed them when they too landed as migrants and had nowhere to go. But by 2019 they had grown to a point where they could take to aggressive politics challenging the very foundations on which they thrived. After they found their feet — with the help of the majority, of course — they decided to dislodge the majority and take over as king-makers, hiding behind various imported theories and rights.

Minoritarian power, which included anti-Sinhala-Buddhist NGOs, had reached its peak. By 2019 they were ensconced in a position to dictate terms to the Yahapalanaya regime. Ranil Wickremesinghe’s 19th Amendment was the noose that was tightening round the neck of the majority. As if that is not enough, he sent his emissaries to UNHRC to promise his buddies in the West that he is prepared to do their bidding, even if it means sacrificing the heroic soldiers who saved the nation. Together with the arrogant minorities and his NGO partners he was lustily ringing the death knell of the Sinhala-Buddhists.

The desperate Sinhala-Buddhist majority had no one to stand up for them. No saviour, no hope, no light at the end of the tunnel. The helpless majority knew that Ranil Wickremesinghe and his anti-Sinhala-Buddhist gang had to be stopped. But who was going to do it? It was in these frightening circumstances that Gotabaya Rajapakse emerged as the tried and tested man. He has proved his worth by leading the longest and the biggest military campaign from a commanding height. He was the power behind the forces that crushed the deadliest enemy – the invincible enemy — of the nation with the bullet.

On November 19, 2019 he went to battle with the ballot in hand to fight the new enemy at home. His victory shocked the pundits by winning the unwinnable electoral battle. Conventional wisdom had concluded that no one can win without the minority votes. Gota proved that he can win unwinnable battles both with the bullet and ballot. Besides, earlier Field Marshall Fonseka failed to win with the ballot despite collecting the votes of the minority and the majority. Gotabaya won only with the votes of the majority. Gota has rewritten the political textbooks by proving that it is possible to win without the minority votes – a force that was considered indispensable for any electoral victory

This should convey a new message to the minority which is in total disarray, particularly with their UNP patron with two heads not knowing which head to follow. The Tamil minority played their last card at Vadukoddai by declaring war against the majority and they failed. Failed miserably! They tried international pressure but that didn’t take them to the goals they aspired. They tried regional pressure but that boomeranged on them. Or to change the metaphor, they killed the goose that was expected to lay the golden egg for them. With the killing of Rajiv Gandhi Tamils have proved to be better experts than the Japanese in committing harakiri. Their last hope was in the ballot. After the failure of the Vadukoddai bullet it was considered to be their most indispensable weapon. They relied on their myth that the Sinhalese cannot win any electoral battle without their vote. But Gotabaya won this unwinnable battle too with the votes of only the Sinhala-Buddhists. This victory is as stunning as the victory at Nandikadal. 

His victory has pushed the minorities to a dead-end. It means that the  minority can push the majority only sometimes and that too only up to a point at all times, unless they get another Ranil Wickremesinghe to do their bidding. As usual he was self-sabotaging himself with his incalculable missteps. But why should the nation pay for his stupidity? He had to be stopped.

On November 19, 2019, Gotabaya Rajapakse did just that. The majority that backed him to the hilt signalled that enough is enough. On November 19, 2019 the majority declared in bold headlines that there are limits to minoritarianism. They went quietly to the polls and without throwing hand grenades told the minorities that the future is in peaceful coexistence, as they had done for centuries before, and not in identitarian violence that destroys them more than the majority. It was not a move by the majority to put the knee to the neck of the minorities and choke them. It was a predictable reaction to the minorities stepping over the limit with an unwarranted arrogance.

Another proven fact in the last election is that the majority is willing to place their trust in the Rajapakses leadership. It is partly because there is none in the horizon to give an alternative leadership. But more importantly, it is the trust placed in the quality of the leadership to take the nation forward. Our politically bankrupt pundits, as usual, are blaming the Sinhala-Buddhists

The total bankruptcy of the thinking of this gang is in the inane statement of Prof Quadri Ismail who wrote: There cannot be peace in Sri Lanka until the Sinhalese come to terms with their bloody history, and disavow majoritarianism.” — A critique of (Tamil) Self-determination. (10/7/2013 – Groundview, Centre for Policy Alernative). This is typical of the minority blaming the majority. In any case, why should only the majority come to terms with their bloody history, and disavow majoritarianism”, eh Professori? Shouldn’t the minority too come to terms with their  bloody history of persecuting  and oppressing  their own people for centuries  and their crimes against humanity in the Vadukkoddai War and  disavow minoritarianism? This racist tactic of blaming the Sinhala-Buddhists has been going on since G. G. Ponnambalam denigrated the Sinhala-Buddhists in 1939 which caused the first racial riots. Where has it taken them? And for how long can they go on repeating the same anti-Sinhala-Buddhist mantra that has led them only to Nandikadal? Since all minoritarian gambits, including violence and international pressures, have failed should not the minorities seriously consider their next move on a rational basis with the aim of securing the good of all concerned?

Isn’t it time for them to revisit their failed past and consider how they can rephrase their rhetoric and their agenda to achieve peaceful co-existence as there is no space for disproportionate power and territory in the future?

Our Failing Agriculture

July 4th, 2020

By Garvin Karunaratne, Ph..D. in NonFormal Education & Agricultural Economics, Michigan State University

It is sad that though we have the ideal climate to produce what we need, an intelligent people and  verdant land resources we yet are in short supply. Let us take coffee. Once we produced coffee for export. Today we import coffee. We have ideal land for coffee. In Kitulgala we have perhaps the best climate for coffee. I have seen coffee bushes full of fruit on  my irrigation inspections up in the hills of Kitulgala. Today we not only import coffee but we see Nescafe everywhere. What we require is a long term plan to get coffee planted. But we gave up National Planning in the late Seventies at the behest of the IMF. We have to get National Planning back and have long term as well as short term development programmes going. There is absolutely no other way ahead.

 Since I left Sri Lanka in 1973 I have worked in four countries and have travelled- motored   in many countries and it is difficult to find a country that can beat Sri Lanka in resources.      .

Professor Buddhi Marambe in his very informative Paper, “Battle to Tackle Food Security”(Sunday Island 20/5)  has stated that  our food and beverage imports amount to some  Rs 422.5 billion. It is interesting to note that we produce only 69% of our maize,  56% of cow pea, 84% of ground  nut, 49% of black gram. These are all products of the chenas in the dry zone and there can easily be a programme to get farmers to produce these items. It is easily a year’s programme with chena cultivation at the end of this year. I can remember my days in Agrarian Services in           1963 or 1964 when I had my cultivation committees active in Anuradhapura, I offered to get farmers to produce all the maize we needed. If that had been approved I could have easily done that in one season. With the farmers organization and the officers I had I could have produced all the items in short supply quoted by Professor Marambe in one season.  I had the men and the farmer’s organization- the cultivation committees to attend to that task.  Sad to say the cultivation committees are no more and no other peoples organization has come up either. The  grassroot overseers of the Agrarian Services as well as the Agricultural Overseers of the Agriculture Department are no longer in service.  This is an aspect that requires immediate attention.(more later)

Profesor Marambe  further points out that  we produce only 10% of big onions and 80% of red onions.  Red Onions were produced in plenty in Jaffna and the Assistant Commissioner of Marketing in Jaffna had to get them purchased through cooperatives and be  stored. He had to work a fifteen hour day for three months and that includes Saturdays and Sundays. The night goods train from Jaffna carried easily twenty or more wagon loads of red onions to the rest of the country daily for close on three months and we Assistant Commissioners in all other Districts were held responsible to get the onions to the market- at our shops and at private dealers by sales to them at wholesale rates.. Once I covered the Southern Province from Ambalantota. Then three wagon loads of red onions came daily to Boosa and another three to Matara. My officers had to get them unloaded and sold, retail and wholesale to shops. I had to ensure indirectly that red onions were available even in private shops. One day I checked our stores and our shops and the availability of red onions among private dealers in Galle. Everything was OK and I was back in Ambalantota by night. The next morning I got a telegram from Head Office. These were the days when telephones hardly worked.  It read  Dahanayake Member of Parliament at Galle reports the non availability of red onions in Galle. Investigate and report”. I hooked to my car, back to Galle as soon as I could. I found all shops and our shops selling red onions. Everything was in order. I went to see Mr Dahanayake- waited for him at his residence. He came at about eleven and inquired why I was there. I knew him well. Sir you have reported to the Minister that red onions are not available in Galle. That is not true. I was here yesterday and am back again here today. There is no shortage of red onions.

He gazed at me for a while. You know, Garvin,  one of my supporters came and told  me that there is a shortage of red onions and to satisfy him I had to send a telegram to the Minister.”

“But  my Minister will have a poor opinion of me as I cover Galle and am in charge of seeing that red onions are not in short supply.”

That is politics, We have to be in the good books of the voters to get re-elected. I will tell the Minister that there is no shortage  in Galle”  That was all. Back in my office I wrote what happened. The matter ended there. Mr Dahanayake had evidently spoken to the Minister.

This incident illustrates the task the Marketing Department accomplished. The MD shops had to be having stocks of all essentials- Sugar,Flour, Dhall in addition to vegetables all at rock bottom prices and we Assistant Commissioners were charged to ensure that they never ran out of stock. That was how the MD contributed to controlling inflation.  Sad to say today there is no Guaranteed price for red onions. The Marketing Department was axed and there is no system whatsoever. Farmers get fleeced with low prices and they hardly produce. Shortages and high prices is the order of the day. We cry out aloud that inflation is high. We have even forgotten that we ourselves undid the infrastructure we had intact to combat inflation.

Professor Marambe  is happy about the production of the staple crop, paddy. However I have grave doubts.

What has actually happened in Sri Lanka in the field of agricultural development is that since the 1970s  we have neglected the development of  agriculture.

Paddy(Rice)

 Having played a major role in peasant agriculture- as an Assistant Commissioner of Agrarian Services, later as Senior Assistant Commissioner and  Additional Government Agent at Kegalla in 1968 and 1969 and later as the Government Agent at Matara in 1971-1973 I was part and parcel of the green revolution in Sri Lanka. In fact I implemented the Paddy Lands Act in the Anuradhapura District in 1962-1964 and organized paddy cultivation with the farmers actively participating in the elected cultivation committees, adopting new varieties of paddy following transplanting, applying fertilizer and being rewarded with a bountiful harvest.

Let me also make a statement that will not be believed by many. I am of the opinion that in around 1966- 1970 we were not only self sufficient in paddy, but some of our paddy was taken away to India. I worked in Anuradhapura in 1962 to 1964 an am aware of the movements of paddy lorryloads in the District.  Later as Senior Assistant Commissioner of Agrarian Services covering the island, I often visited  Anuradhapura and noticed that many lorryloads of paddy were moving northwards from the Jaffna Junction in Anuradhapura every night.   In my days in 1963 1964 when I was in Anuradhapura not a single lorry of paddy moved north at the Jaffna Junction. Any cargo moving north of the Jaffna Junction will go to Medawachchiya and there was no need for paddy to be taken from Anuradhapura towards the north. This was very surprising  and I purposely checked this move of paddy again on my visits- I was working In Colombo at that time.  I even reported  to the Commissioner that I suspected that  paddy was being transported north from Anuradhapura and that a possibility was that it was moved to Mannar and finally to South India. I sought approval to proceed and look into it further. The Commissioner disagreed and there the matter ended. It was decades later that a Police Officer confirmed that paddy was an item that was taken from Sri Lanka to South India at that time. What is important is to note that we were more than self sufficient in paddy at that time.

To get back to the paddy crops in Sri Lanka  Since 1978 we have gone down hill. Let me quote a discussion I had with the Secretary to the Ministry of Agriculture in 1980:

In 1980 when the achievement in paddy production was boasted about I asked the Secretary to the Ministry of Agriculture for the records of the crop cutting surveys which we as District administrators had attended to in order to ensure that the statistics of production submitted by the Department of Agriculture were correct. To my utter dismay, he replied that crop cutting surveys were no longer done. Instead the statistics submitted by agricultural officers was accepted as correct.  No check was done. These were the officers in charge of agriculture and their promotions depended on increases recorded., The importance of the crop cutting surveys was  that these were done by gazetted officers of high rank directly appointed by the Government Agent. The idea was to have  a super check on reported statistics.” (My 2006  book))  I have good reason to doubt the reported statistics of yields and production.

Paddy production was  reduced due to certain changes that took place.

Agricultural ExtensionService

By the Fifties Sri Lanka had a highly developed agricultural extension service with District Agricultural Extension Officers, all  graduates in agriculture at the district level.  At the divisional level there were Agricultural Instructors, officers who had a two years’ training at Colleges of Agriculture.  Under them there were around a dozen Agricultural Overseers- called Krushikarma Vyapti Sevaka at the village level. They had an years’ training in agriculture.  These were the field level officers who attended to work with the farmers. With the Agrarian Services Department coming in, with cultivation committees under the Paddy Lands Act this agricultural extension system was boosted.  Under this Act, cultivation committees were elected from among the cultivators and  the Department of Agrarian Services had Divisional Officers at the divisional level and  a Field Assistant, an officer with an years’ training in agriculture at the village level. This combination of the effort of both departments-Agriculture and Agrarian Services  was an excellent agricultural extension service. The cultivation committees met and made all decisions re cultivation, and the inputs- the new hybrid seed, the fertilizer etc was decided by the cultivation committees. The inputs were provided by active multipurpose cooperative societies. I was a part and parcel of this extension system myself attending meetings of the cultivation committees in Anuradhapura in 1963 and 1964., planning cultivation, the use of high yielding varieties, getting in inputs in time, arranging loans and finally seeing that the producing farmers were able to sell the crop at the premium price paid under the guaranteed price scheme. The Department of Agrarian Service had a staff of close on four thousand organizing paddy production. With the Agriculture Department staff it was easily an army on the move. None in my team flayed. All slow movers were whipped into action and the recalcitrant were sent home. That did happen wherever I worked and later as Senior Assistant Commissioner covering the entire island in 1966 to 1968, I can assure that the entire country was terribly activated. The Government Agents were also charged with paddy production and even the Prime Minister devoted most of his time to ensure that the agricultural development programme was effective. In this effort I can assure that no stone was left unturned. This was how Sri Lanka became self sufficient.

This excellent extension service went though a few changes.

Low Emphasis on Paddy Production from 1970

With the election of Prime Minister Sirimavo in 1970, the Government Agents ceased to play a major role in agriculture. Instead Prime Minister Sirimavo came up with the Divisional Development Councils Programme and the focus of attention switched to that programme which concentrated on small industries.  In detail, in 1967 and 1968, when I was the Additional Government Agent at Kegalla, every Saturday and Sunday the Prime Minister would spend the entire day in his electorate and the task of accompanying him fell on me. He hardly left the shores of Sri Lanka.. He would attend around eight to ten functions, meetings of societies partly arranged by me and partly arranged by his Party supporters and he would go into great detail to ensure that paddy production  took place without any hindrance. He had even gazetted all Government Agents as Deputy Directors of Agrarian Services, Agriculture  and Cooperative Development  The Government Agent was divested of a large section of his work by the appointment of an Additional Government Agent to each District.  In fact at a Government Agent’s Conference when the Prime Minister inquired as to what has to be done to enhance the agricultural development programme, one Government Agent submitted  that a District had only one Land Rover and this held up work. The Prime Minister ordered not one jeep but three jeeps to a district.

Lack of a peoples institution to organize cultivation

The extension service was crippled by the abolition of the Paddy Lands Act in around 1980. It was the cultivation committees elected under the Paddy Lands Act that organized the cultivation of paddy, planning to use new varieties and arranging the inputs. With the cultivation committees ceasing to exist there was no organization attending to this task.

Farmers have to work together in paddy cultivation. Cultivation has to be timed to coincide with the rains. A part of our paddy acreage is rainfed while the rest is covered by irrigation schemes. Irrigation schemes too depend on the rain to fill the tanks. Farmers have to work together because water flows from field to field. In order to enable farmers to work together in ancient times the GamSabha,   did the coordination. Under British rule Gam Sabhas ceased to exist and instead the Government Agent appointed a Vel Vidane for each village or tract. It was the Vel Vidane’s duty to hold a Kanna meeting of all farmers at the beginning of each season to decide the area to cultivate, which depended on the water in the tank in irrigation areas.  The dates for clearing canals, ploughing,  sowing and harvesting were all decided at this meeting. The decisions included the fines that have to be levied for non compliance. The Vel Vidane generally happened to be an influential person in the village and he could get things done. He could prosecute farmers for not adhering to dates fixed at the Kanna meeting and the Village Tribunal President  would impose the fines. Generally the farmers complied. With the enactment of the Paddy Lands Act the cultivation of paddy fell on the cultivation committee. The CC comprised cultivators and had office bearers from among the cultivators. Generally the cultivation committees were successful in planning the cultivation to time. Some cultivation committees in Anuradhapura were so successful that they were given the contract to rebuild the tanks which they did by hiring  D8 or D4 tractors to move earth from the tank bed and rebuild the tank bund.  The  cultivation committees played a major role in the green revolution becoming a success.

When the Paddy Lands Act was abolished in the Eighties, there was no peoples organization to coordinate  cultivation. The farmers were deprived of an organization to freely participate and act together in cultivation. Later by the Agrarian Services Act  Yaya Palakas were appointed but the system was very ineffective. During the days of the Vel Vidane, he held authority from the Government Agent through the DRO(DivisionalSecretary) and cultivation was orderly done. When the Paddy Lands Act was implemented the Cultivation Committees attended to this task. With the abolition of the PL Act and the cultivation committees ceasing to exist this organization fell on the  Yaya Palakas who were very  ineffective, The situation today is that Kanna Meetings are not properly held and cultivation suffers. A glance at paddy lands in many areas today indicates that farmers do not adhere to any timing. This results in late cultivation, where the harvest gets caught in the incoming rains of the next season. The very disorganized cultivation today is due to the lack of a vibrant peoples organization, a cultivation committee in the days of Agrarian Services in Sri Lanka or a cooperative in the case of the celebrated rural development programme of the Kotwali Thana in Bangladesh, where the yield of paddy was doubled and full employment was reached, the only such achievement in the annals of development.(The Comilla Programme of Rural Development) It is absolutely necessary to have a peoples institution where farmers can participate and decide and work together. This is a prime necessity today.

Crippling the Agrarian Services Departnment.

The Agrarian Services Department was also crippled and sections abolished. The agrarian services centers play an insignificant role today.

What was important with the Cultivation Committees was that it provided full participation to the farmers. In Anuradhapura they met and discussed for hours about following innovative practices and cooperated. It was this type of cooperation that played the path to boost yields and achieve self sufficiency

The World Bank forbidding  agricultural officers to use institutions in extension

In the Eighties, The World Bank came up with the Training and Visit System of agricultural extension which forbade agricultural extension officers from using  any peoples organizations like cultivation committees and cooperatives in extension. The officers were detailed to visit farmers direct. A single agricultural instructor has to  cater to between 3000 to 13,000 farmers  and they can never contact all farmers direct.  In order to make countries adopt this T & V system the World Bank came with grants of money, supporting the countries with funds and the countries gladly submitted. It is my contention that this move of the World Bank was an attempt to ruin the extension systems that the countries had developed. It was essentially a method of sabotage, like the Structural Adjustment Programme that was forced on countries after the late Seventies by the International Monetary Fund. .There the aim was to make countries  indebted.  (For more details: Karunaratne: How the IMF Sabotaged Third World Development:2017)

Promoting Agricultural Overseers to Grama Niladhari

President Premadasa in around 1992 promoted some 2400 Agricultural Overseers(Krushikarma  Vyapti Sevaka) to the rank of Grama Niladhari and no trained officer took their place even till today. . It was after a few years that Niyamakas were appointed to that position. These Niyamakas were never trained in agriculture. Till today the Agricultural Instructors at the Divisional level have to attend to any number of farmers between 3000 and 13,000 and this is an impossible task. In extension it is an accepted fact that peoples organizations, where farmers can meet and be addressed by officers  , where they can discuss and decide what to do-using new varieties,  use of fertilizer and arranging loans etc are essential.. The agricultural extension system was crippled. It is sad that the authorities are silent about this. Instead we find Samurdhi officers and such being appointed to attend to various tasks at the village level.

Thus today the agricultural extension system exists only in name. The System ceases at the divisional level and the extension centers that are manned by Niyamakas who know no agricultiure  are actually ignored by  the farmers. I can narrate my own experience:

Around 1997, running my small family farm I had the occasion to visit the Extension Centers at Kadawata and Delgoda. The officers did not know  the amount of fertilizer to be used and when. At my insistence they raked their files and unearthed details. The circular advised the use of Urea and Ammonium Sulphate at the basal stage  and no mention was made of the top dressing(urea or ammonium sulphate). I brought this to the notice of the Secretary to the Ministry  who was so ignorant of the use of fertilizer that he had to refer it to the Director of Agriculture and he too was so ignorant that he had to refer it to the Rice Research Institute at Batalagoda and months later I got a reply that the advise given to me was out of date by half a dozen years. It is very necessary  to undertake inspections of the advice offered to farmers  at the extension centers and to correct the set up. About a year later I dropped into one of these Centers  and to my amazement I found  that even the top dressing has not been incorporated into the advice. In our inefficiency we are wasting fertilizer..”(2006 Book, pg.310)

The situation today is perhaps worse: A World Bank Report of 2007 reads: The Report concluded that Sri Lanka’s agricultural research and extension system was weak and probably incapable of supporting  agricultural growth”(Reviewing Sri Lanka’s Agricultural Research & Extension System:Towards More Innovation & Market Orientation: World Bank:Colombo:May 2007)

Today there is an ineffective Agrarian Services which has little functions and  with the abolition of the PL Act the Agrarian Services is dead. The Department of Agriculture is a specialist department without a base with no Field Officers at the village level.

Provincial Ministries cripples extension activities.

In 1962 in the Agrarian Services Departrment I drafted the first circular  on using fertilizer for paddy and every Overseer in the entire island had to know it by heart. If any of my officers were found giving the wrong advice they knew what would happen to them. The creation of Provincial Ministries of Agriculture created a system where instructions had to flow to the provincial Ministries and Secretaries. Provincial Ministries held up work and this is no system for a small country like Sri Lanka

Marketing of Agricultural Produce

By the Sixties the Government had built up a unique agricultural marketing system.. This was the Department for Development of Agricultural Marketing. This Department  was commenced in the days of Premier DS Senanayake  and it attended to the purchase of paddy and other cereals in short supply, the purchase of vegetables and fruits, the sale of vegetables and fruits as well as other essential supplies at small Fair Price Shops all over the cities- controlling inflation in the process, running a bakery making bread and pastries, running restaurants at festivals (like Kataragama) aimed at providing cooked food to people-intentionally to control the prices at which private restaurants sold eats   to people, producing food preparations at a Canning Factory, making fruit juice, jam, tomatoe sauce aimed at creating self sufficiency.

The aims of this Department were multifold- enabling producers to obtain reasonably high prices for their produce, controlling inflation, making the country self sufficient and developing an export market for canned produce.  This was a unique department the likes of which does not exist in any country today. The aim was also not to make a profit, but to break even. This was a difficult task, entirely done by pricing purchases and sales- running a staff of over a thousand with over a hundred lorries. I was an Assistant Commissioner in this Department from 1955 to 1962 and was in charge of the vegetable and fruit marketing section based at Tripoli market for one year.

Paddy

Under the Guaranteed Price Scheme for paddy and other cereals,  the Government offered to purchase paddy and other cereals at a premium price. This was done through cooperative societies.. The Department prepared a list of  farmers that specified the amount of paddy that could be purchased . This Scheme was implemented by the Department of Agrarian Services and  later by the Paddy Marketing Board. The cultivator  was assured of a good price, well above the local price for paddy and other cereals in short supply.. The Government of President Jayawardena abolished the Guaranteed Price Scheme. Today what happens is that every season when there is agitation by producers being unable to sell, the Government fixes a price for purchasing and paddy is purchased from anyone. In this system the incentive price does not go to the producer. Instead it goes to traders that collect the produce and hand over to the Government stores. The government stores are few and far between and the producers cannot take their produce  to the stores situated far away.  Actually today the set up of officialdom in agriculture is such that there is no official who can prepare the list of producers. This was done by the Agricultutal Overseers the KVS and by the Cultivation Committees and they do not exist now.

An efficient system of marketing the produce has to be made available. This is not there at the moment.

Vegetables & Fruits

Since the late Forties, we developed a unique vegetable marketing system where reasonable prices were assured to the producers. At that time all produce was brought by the producers to the Fairs that were held weekly. This was done by the MD too purchasing vegetables and fruits at the producer fairs in the country, competing with traders.  The country was fully covered by Purchasing Depots and Marketing Officers went to all major producer fairs purchasing . The entire country was covered by Marketing sleuths- Assistant Commissioners of Marketing assisted by Marketing Officers reporting the availability of produce and the rates at which traders were purchasing. Simultaneously officers covered the wholesale market in Colombo , reporting the availability of produce and the prices at which the wholesalers sold to the retailers. The Assistant Commissioner in charge of the Scheme based at Tripoli Market, a large hanger in the Colombo Goodshed, decided the prices at which vegetables will be purchased at the producer fairs. This was always higher than the prices at which the traders were purchasing at the fairs. The traders kept a margin of around 50% at the purchasing point at the producer fair and another  50% at the wholesale market and again the retailer kept a similar margin. The MD kept a margin of around 15% to cover handling and wastage, brought the goods overnight to Colombo and goods were sorted out and sold at small shops in the cities. The aim of the MD pricing formulae was to cover up wastage and transport costs and no profit was kept.  When the MD offered a high price at the producer fair, the traders too had to offer a similar higher price because otherwise no producer will sell to them.  Similarly in the cities when the MD shops offered  goods at low prices the retail traders too had to sell at similar rates because otherwise no one will buy from them. Thereby the MD indirectly controlled the prices at the fairs as well as prices in the cities. The latter helped to control inflation.  The MD Scheme ate into the profits kept by the dealers.

Another service was offering advice to cultivators on what crops are required for the country and what crops should be cultivated.

A further development was made when the Canning Factory was established in 1954.  Then the  MD offered to buy the total available stock of Red Pumpkin which was made into Golden Melon Jam, Ash Pumpkin which was made into Silver Melon jam and Pineapples made into jam, pieces, rings and juice. Tomatoes was also an item where Tomatoe Sauce was made. Then a floor price was offered for these varieties. A floor price meant that MD will purchase the entire stock. Traders generally purchased an amount that the wholesaler wanted.  With the establishment of the Cannery producers earned a good income. Simultaneously Sri Lanka became self sufficient in all Jam and Fruit Juice. This was achieved by 1957- in a matter of three years 1954 to 1957- a task that can easily be accomplished today, because the raw products- red pumpkin, ash pumpkin, melons etc are chena crops that can easily be cultivated in a single season. Today the chena producers produce  limited quantities because if they produce large quantities the price goes down and they cannot sell their produce. Each Purchasing Center was equipped with a lorry and there were instances when additional lorries were sent when large quantities were found at the Fairs. Daily produce came to the Tripoli market- twenty wagon loads and another twenty lorry loads. These had to be cleared and sent off to the retail sales depots.  There was never a situation where farmers had to bury their tomatoes, red pumpkin or pineapple. If that did happen  the Assistant Commissioner in charge at Triploi Matket as well as the Assistant Commissioner in that district will have to face major censures from the Commissioner BLW Faernando.  At the begining of every month there was a conference of Assistant Commissioners when the profit and loss for each unit will be scrutinized by him and  if any of us had priced in a manner where we incurred a loss or profit of over 10% we would be hauled over the coals. The golden rule was to break even. We always planned for a profit of ten percent to be on the safe side. The MD was a difficult department to run. In the districts, on four days of the week at 4 A.M.  I was in my car going off to be at the producer fairs by six. Pricing and changing the prices was an ordeal. The work ended late with even van sales in cities offering produce at low prices to clear stocks.

The Vegetable and Fruit Purchasing Scheme with its fair price shops and the Cannery is an essential pre requisite for any development. By 1957, Oswald Tillekeratne the Assistant Commissioner in charge of the Cannery had even developed an export trade in pineapple pieces and rings.  The earnings from exports will easily pay for the total expense of establishing this Cannery again. 

The MD suffered when the staff came under the Administrative Service. It took months to understand and more to be able to admiunister the programme..  Later there were Commissioners appointed to the Department who failed to understand the details of how it was run. It was a specialist department and it was run by officers who had developed a specialism.  It was a daunting task running a department with multifarious aims- helping the producer as well as helping the consumer, controlling inflation  and also helping the foreign exchange intake through exports. By all yardsticks it was well run, a great success. The MD with a Cannery is a pre requisite for development.

Conclusion

The details provided of the demise in agricultural extension and in marketing the produce is genuine and  it is sad that the authorities are continuing as if nothing is wrong. These details may not be known to plant specialists and professionals working at university level. It so happens that I was a part and parcel of the vibrant extension service and the active marketing system that rendered our country self sufficient in paddy, cereals and in vegetables and fruits. The system in vegetables and fruits not only ensured self sufficiency but also brought in foreign exchange by the export of pineapple pieces and pineapple rings.

The International Monetary Fund had its arms twisted by the Washington Consensus in the Seventies and all the development infrastructure developed by the countries to enable development had to be sacrificed. The MD of Sri Lanka was also sacrificed and today foreign exchange flows from Sri Lanka to the Developed Countries for imports. Even tomatoe sause and vinegar is imported from the USA. Re establishing the infrastructure for development is a prerequisite to enable development goals to be achieved.

As far as agriculture is concerned the extension service, which has been weakened has to be restored to enable development, to achieve  increases in production and the poverty alleviation goals.

I am certain that the facts revealed in this Paper will be contested by many specialists. I may mention that all what I have written is true and it is with the sincere motive of helping agricultural development and achieving poverty alleviation goals. In case there are any doubts about the facts disclosed I will be there toface criticisms and  substantiate further.. The cost of bringing about self sufficiency and development  can also be fully recouped in foreign exchange earnings from exports and savings in foreign exchange on avoiding imports.

 My aim is to contribute to make Sri Lanka the granary of the East and it is a task that can be done within two to three years at most. May my message reach our new  leaders.

Garvin Karunaratne

Former GA Matara, Ph.D Michigan State University

03/07/2020

Author of How the IMF Ruined Sri Lanka and Alternative Programmes of Success(Godages{2006)

Papers on the Economic Development of Sri Lanka, (Godages:2012)             

 How the IMF Sabotaged Third World Development (Kindle/Godages;2017)

Who says MCC is not linked to Bim Saviya (Title Registration)

July 4th, 2020

Shenali D Waduge

There is a notion that MCC has nothing to do with Title Registration because it was a project started well before MCC Compact was introduced. The answer is only half correct. Yes, Title Registration Act 21, was passed in 1998 but it was not implemented. It was introduced as a World Bank project and passed as an Act in 1998. First stage was launched in 2007. World Bank funded the project probably sniffing that the terrorist conflict was drawing to a close and the international players needed to alternate ways to keep Sri Lanka on a leash. Let’s not forget the international cartel use foreign investment & aid/grants with hidden intentions and these projects have been tried out in doses in different countries. With more people questioning their entry – their response has been to legislatively pass their projects to make them domestic law yet giving them full diplomatic immunity. With the entry of MCC the Title Registration project began get steam rolled completely ignoring the complications associated with transferring 8.5m land plots which has been following a deed registration system. Now the country is expected to transfer from locally practiced deed system to title registration & foreign/international laws for a paltry $67million.

HOW BIM SAVIYA (Title Registration) CAME 

Torrens Land Title Registration is a foreign title registration system first launched in Australia in 1858. In 1998 this system was introduced not because Sri Lankans wanted or asked for it but because World Bank recommended it. The Act was passed without debate in Parliament or discussion by public. The banks protested by submitting reports, the Sri Lanka Bar Association presented reasons for why it was detrimental and lawyers even made representations later when Mahinda Rajapakse became President.

These reports made it clear that Sri Lanka cannot function with a law practiced for over 100 years in Australia, which completely repeals the law practiced for over 100 years in Sri Lanka.

Title Registration is the process by which Sri Lanka’s private deeds are taken by the State and replaced with an one page title registration certificate. There are various issues associated with this some of which include that title registration is only given to one owner. There is no scope for co-ownership, even a husband & wife cannot have joint-property, issues related to life-interest ownership etc while title registration will also remove personal customary laws.

The Title Registration is being rolled out in Sri Lanka as Bim Saviya though the legal and binding name should be Title Registration. However, of the 8.5million land plots only 700,000 people have so far received title registration certificates.

The process of taking deeds and converting them to title registration & handing the deed owner a registration certificate has been happening at a snail’s pace. One of the main reasons for this is that grievances related to co-ownership, life interest and other issues relevant to its omission in the title registration can only be taken up at grievance stage with the district courts but not after the title registration certificate has been issued. In short, court intervention in Title Registration is only to the district court stage and not beyond. Supreme Court has no adjudication and instead the Commissioner of Title is tasked to adjudicate where only compensation can be given but not the returning of one’s land lost for some faulty reason like fraud or wrong entry. You can imagine the numerous scenarios where hiccups can happen at village level among the poor & legally illiterate.

So this process has been happening since 2007 without much enthusiasm from officials or owners, simply because funding has come.

Keep in mind how FUNDING and INVESTMENTS are modern means of ‘invading’ and ‘plundering’ nations by other means.

Cash-strapped Sri Lanka undergoes regime change in 2015 installing a bandwagon of individuals and parties that have a series of treacheries to their name. Out of the blues a mass murder takes place and within days MCC gift” of $480m is announced. MCC is the 3rdarm of America’s 3D tactic under the Indo-Pacific Strategy. (Defense-ACSA/Diplomacy-SOFA/Development-MCC)

Every funding from US whether it is by USAID or MCC or any other comes from US Treasury.

MCC & its associates claim Sri Lanka’s 2 issues are Transport & Land out of which $67m was to be allocated for the land project which in reality is the most dangerous & invasive of the 2 projects. The draft agreement is reluctantly made public amidst mass protests. For even the most ordinary laymen, reading the clauses is no different to giving one’s land to a donor to build a house to discover that one has not only lost one’s land, house and evidence that one even owned the land! With all these factors erased one has nothing to prove even to a court. Imagine this happening to even half of the 8.5million plot owners!

MCC land project is plugged to the Title registration primarily because it is a foreign system that foreign legal consultants are experts in.

Annex 1-28 answers the question that Title Registration (Bim Saviya) is directly linked to MCC Land Project.

Even if MCC is not signed the funding ensures what MCC wants as project scope is what is being implemented on the ground. It is extremely important for everyone to understand this. Simply because MCC is NOT SIGNED (YET) do not think that the elements under the MCC objectives are not taking place. It is naïve to think that by not signing, the MCC project is over because what MCC project plan envisages is taking place as all of the projects mentioned above are operational. That these initiatives are taking place because of foreign funding and because of criteria stipulated by international agencies like World Bank, USAID which are the key actors in the MCC overall project is important to realize the nature of their game plan.

Only one pre-condition could not be fulfilled by yahapalana. This was to privatize all 84% of State land. The former PM tried to do so 4 times by presenting the State Land Privatization Bill but did not succeed. Had the Bill been passed all of Sri Lanka’s land would have been turned into private land and there would have been no state land in Sri Lanka.

Without a doubt, alternate avenues must be getting explored to privatize state land. They did try one alternate method the Ruhunu Development Act but that too failed. However, they will be now working on various other models to get state land privatized or devolved to the provinces and away from the Central Government via $$$ funding. Notice how foreign embassies are making a cry over lands being given to provinces under 13a – why are they so bothered about our land? Why do they want forests to be under provinces? Why are they giving funding specifically for projects that eye our resources?

We have to seriously look at the nature of these ‘foreign investments’ and what the exact benefit for Sri Lanka is for what they assume to give us!

Thus, MCC though not signed as yet has the advantage of pushing more funding to ensure the title registration process is expedited alongside the e-land registration which was advertised by the US embassy Colombo and private parties selected by the embassy to enter into the e-land registry the title registration certificates from deeds. The computer system that is operating the e-land registration is foreign and for every change Sri Lanka is asked to pay. What we are now paying for will not be even considered with signing of MCC under clause 3.9 Intellectual Property.

Thus even without the MCC signing the initiatives under MCC Land Project is taking place. We should not think that because MCC is not signed Title Registration is a separate project. MCC & US Government must be laughing because what they want is happening even without a signature.

The danger of this lies if another regime change is engineered.

If yahapalana II is returned to power and with 99% of the title registration/e-land registry, State land inventory & valuation is complete, propping a US-friendly government to power will mean a quick signing of MCC and the immediate enactment of clauses 3.9 (intellectual property over all of Sri Lanka’s data) MCC 6.8 clause where MCC will be given full immunity for anything in Sri Lanka may not be even necessary if ACSA and SOFA are signed as this will allow US military to ‘tour’ Sri Lanka when they like, as they like and commit what they like with impunity & immunity. ACSA-SOFA-MCC cannot be taken separately from each other. All 3 are part of US Govt. Immunity to one automatically gives immunity to all US personnel arriving in Sri Lanka.

Therefore, it is important that the GoSL realize this danger and immediately come up with an alternative and take local ownership of all land projects especially e-land registry and have our IT experts take complete control with a set of patriotic lawyers to look into every legal angle as well as ensure that all manual deeds are conserved and protected as well as we do have an electronic transaction act that prohibits fully automation of land under an e-registry. Just because a country or a monetary organization is offering a grant, no country should have to cede its land ownership, sovereignty or historical identity to the foreign party & have it changed or erased by them because they recommend to do so with their funding!

Shenali D Waduge

රෝහණ විජේවීරයන් සමග මාධ්‍ය සාකච්ඡාව

July 4th, 2020

සම්බන්ධීකරණය චන්ද්‍රසේන පණ්ඩිතගේ

ප්‍රශ්නය: : මහත්මයාණෙනි, ශ්‍රී ලංකාවේ මහා මැතිවරණයට ඇත්තේ ඉතාමත් කෙටි කාලයක්, මේ මැතිවරණය හා බැදුන ගැටලු රාශියක් රට පුරා පැන නැගී තියෙනවා, මේ ගැටලු වලට පැහැදිලිව පිලිතුරු දිය හැකි අයෙකු ඔබ විසින් ගොඩනැංවූ දේශපාලන පක්ෂයෙන් සොයා ගැනීම අසීරු කරුණක්, දැන් ඉන්නා නියෝජිතයින් එකම ප්‍රශ්නයට විවිධ පිලිතුරු සපයනවා, මෙය මාධ්‍යවේදීන් වන අපට මහත් අපහසුවක්, ඒ නිසයි අප ඔබ හමුවට පැමිණියේ.මේ වනවිට ඔබ ආරම්භ කල එම පක්ෂය මහින්ද රාජපක්ෂ මහතාට එරෙහිව කටයුතු කරනවා. ඔබ මේ තීරණය සම්බන්ධව දරන ආකල්පය කුමක්ද?

පිලිතුර: පලමුව මම සදහන් කරන්නට කැමතියි එම පක්ෂය මා ආරම්භ කල පක්ෂයක් ලෙස හදුන්වන්න එපා. එය ආරම්භ කලේ එදා පැවති සමාජ අවශ්‍යතාවයයි. එය කිසිවෙකුගේ පෞද්ගලික බූදලයක් නොවේ. මීලගට මට කීමට ඇත්තේ මේ සමාජය සම්බන්ධවයි. මේක මහා සංකීර්ණ සමාජයක්; මේ සමාජය තුල පවතින වැදගත්ම ඒකකය මිනිසායි. අපට පෙනෙන මිනිසා අප කිසිවෙකුත් නොදකින මනස හා බද්ධවයි පවතින්නේ; මනස තුල අප කිසිවෙකුත් නොදකින මිනිසුන් රාශියක් ජීවත් වෙනවා ඔවුන් අතරත් නිරන්තර අරගල සිදුවෙනවා; විටෙක මිනිසා තුල ජීවත්වෙන සත්‍ය ගරුක මිනිහා ජය ගන්න අතර විටෙක ඔහු තුල ජීවත්වන කපටියාට පුලුවන් වෙනවා, ඔහු තුල ජීවත්වෙන යුක්ති ගරුක මිනිසාව විනාශ කරන්න; මේ වනවිට සිදුව ඇත්තේ එම පක්ෂයේ දේශපාලන මණ්ඩල සභිකයින්ගේ මනස් තුල ජීවත්වූ සැබෑ යුක්ති ගරුක මිනිසාව විනාශ කර දමා තිබීමයි. ඒ නිසා එම පක්ෂය සෘජුවම සතුරාට සහය පලකරනවා. මෙය එම පක්ෂයහි උපතට හේතුවූ බීජයට එරෙහිව ගත් තීරණයක්.

ප්‍රශ්නය: එම පක්ෂය කාලාන්තරයක් මුලුල්ලේ මේ රටේ විධායක ජනාධිපති ධූරය ඉවත් කරවා ගැනීමට අඛණ්ඩව අරගලයක් දියත් කල පක්ෂයක්; එය 2015 මැතිවරණයේදී, පොදු අපේක්ෂකයාගේ ජයග්රහණය තුලින් එය ඉටු කරවා ගැනීමට උත්සහ කලා. නමුත් එය සම්පුර්ණයෙන්ම ඉටුකර ගැනීමට හැකිවුණේ නැහැ. ඒ සම්බන්ධව ඔබ දරන්නේ කුමන අදහසක්ද?

පිලිතුර: මේ පක්ෂය, මේ රටේ විධායක ජනාධිපති කම ඉවත් කරවා ගැනීම උදෙසා බිහිකල පක්ෂයක් නොවේ. විධායක ජනාධිපති කියන්නේ, සියලූම බලතල හිමි රාජ්‍ය නායක ධූරයක්. ඒ ජනාධිපතිතුමා, හමුදාපති සතු සියලුම බලතල ඔහුට ලබාදුන් නිසා යුද්ධය ජයග්‍රහණය කල බව ඔබ මනාව දන්නවා; කප්පාදු කල පදවියක් ගන්න මේ ලෝකයේ කිසිම පුද්ගලයකු කැමති නැහැ. අපි සැබෑ ලෙසම අපේක්ෂා කරන්නේ තමන් දරන තනතුරට හිමි බලතල අනිවාර්යෙන් හිමිවිය යුතු බවයි.එහෙම බලතල නැති නපුංසක පදවියක් නිර්මාණය කරලා ඒ පදවියට තරග වැදීමට කැමති පුද්ගලයින් ඉන්නවාද?ප්‍රශ්නය: ඔබ ඇත්ත වශයෙන්ම විධායක ජනාධිපති ධූරයට විරුද්ධ නැද්ද?පිලිතුර: ඔය ප්‍රශ්නයට පිලිතුර, 1982 ජනාධිපතිවරණයේදී පැහැදිලිවම අප ප්‍රකාශ කලා. එදා අප බලය ඉල්ලුවේ විධායක ජනාධිපති ධූරය අහෝසි කරන්න නම් නොවේ. ඒ ජනාධිපති බලතල උපයෝගී කරගෙන මෙරට තුල නව සමාජ සංස්කෘතියක් ගොඩනංවන්නයි.

ප්‍රශ්නය: ඔබට 1982 ජනාධිපතිවරණයේදී, කිරීමට අවශ්‍ය නොවූ දෙයක්; රටේ අංක එකේ ප්‍රශ්නය ලෙස හුවා දැක්වීමට වර්තමානයේදී එම පක්ෂය උත්සහ කරන්නේ ඇයි?

පිලිතුර: ඔබ ඔවුන්ගෙන් ඇසිය යුතු ප්රශ්නයකුයි මගෙන් අහන්නේ. මේ රටේ මූලික වශයෙන් ජන බල ඇණි නවයක් තියෙනවා. ඒවා පිලිවෙලින්; භික්ෂූන් වහන්සේලා, වෛද්‍ය පරම්පරාව, ගුරු පරපුර, බුද්ධිමතුන්, ආරක්ෂක හමුදාවන්, ගොවියන්, කම්කරුවන්, රැකියා විරහිත තරුණ පරම්පරාව හා ශිෂ්‍යයින් වශයෙන් නම් කරන්න පුලුවන්. මේ කාගේ කුමන ප්‍රශ්නය විසදන්නද විධායක ජනාධිපති ධූරය හරස් වෙලා තියෙන්නේ? ඇත්ත වශයෙන් එහෙම ගැටලුවක් ඇතිවෙලාම නැහැ. ඔබ තේරුම් ගන්න; කිසිදු ගැටලුවක් නැති දෙයක් මහා හිසරදයක් සේ මවා පෙන්වන්නට පුලුවන් සමාජයක් මේක. සමාජය විනාශ කරන්නේත්; ගොඩනංවන්නේත් මිනිස් සිතුවිලියි. මේ සිතුවිලි දහරාවට ඇති බලය අසීමිතයි. මේ වනවිට විධායක ජනාධිපති කම මහා විනාශයක් සේ ඉස්මතු කර රටපුරා රෝපනය කර හමාරයි. අද ඔබ ලබන්නේ එහි පලයන් නමුත් ඔය විධායක ජනාධිපති කම ඔය කියන තරම් භයානක දෙයක් නොවේ.ඔබ මදක් කල්පනා කර බලන්න! 1966 ජනවාරි මාසේ 8වෙනිදා කොල්ලුපිටියේ ගාලුපාර මත වාඩිවී සිටි මහා සගරුවන මතින් වාහන පදවාගෙන ගොස් වෙඩිතබා මරා දැමූයේ විධායක ජනාධිපති බලතල ඇති රජයක්ද? ඇත්තටම නැහැ. අපරාධයක් හරි විනාශයක් හරි සිදුකරන්න ඕනි නම් විධායක කමවත් ව්‍යාවස්ථාදායක කමවත් උවමනා නැහැ. අපරාධය නිරීමේ උවමනාව පමණයි ඇවැසි වන්නේ.

ප්‍රශ්නය: අපිට පුදුමයි ඔබ කථා කරන විදිය සම්බන්ධව. මුලු රටම මහා භීතියකින් කථා කරන ඒ විධායක ජනාධිපතිකම සම්බන්ධව ඔබ ඇයි මෙතරම් සැහැල්ලුවෙන් කථා කරන්නේ?

පීලිතුර : ඔබතුමන්ලා පොඩ්ඩක් කල්පනා කරල බලන්න. එදා ජේ. ආර්. ජයවර්ධන මහත්මයා විධායක ජනාධිපතිකම පිහිට වීමත් සමගම සෑම ආණ්ඩු පක්ෂ පාර්ලිමේන්තු මන්ත්රීවරයකුගෙන්ම දිනයක් සදහන් නොකල ඉල්ලා අස්වීමේ ලිපි ලබා ගත්තා. ඒ ඇයි? පෙඩ්ඩක් කල්පනා කරල බලන්න. ඔය කියන තරම් මහා බලයක් තියෙනවා නම් ඔය වගේ කාර්යයක් සිදු කරන්නේ නැහැ.මේ රටේ ජීවත්වෙන ජනතාවගේ වෘත්තීන්ට සැබෑ ලෙසම බල නොපාන කරුණක් මේක, නමුත් මේ රටේ බොහෝමයක් දෙනා මෙය ත්රස්තවාදයට එහා ගිය ප්රශ්නයක් ලෙස වර්ධනය කර පෙන්වනවා. ප්‍රශ්නය: සොරකම හා දූෂණය; පවතින රජය තුල අරක්ගෙන ඇති බව ඒ පක්ෂය චෝදනා කරනවා ඒ සම්බන්ධව ඔබ දරන මතය පැහැදිලි කරන්න.පිලිතුර: මේ පවතින්නේ ධනවාදී සමාජයක්; ධනවාදය යටතේ සොරකම හා වංචාව අනිවාර්ය අංගයක්; ඒ අනුව පවතින සෑම රජයක් තුලම, මෙය අඩු වැඩි වශයෙන් පවතිනවා. මෙය සැබෑ ලෙසම නතර කලයුතු අංගයක් නමුත් අවුරුදු 30ක යුද්ධය අවුරුදු තුනහමාරක් වැනි කෙටි කලෙකින් නිම කිරීම හරහා මහින්ද රාජපක්ෂ රජය සුවිශෙෂී රජයක් බව ජනතාවට ඔප්පු කර තිබෙනවා. දැන් එම කටයුත්ත ඉටුකිරීමට එතුමාගේම සොහොයුරු,ගෝඨාභය රාජපක්ෂ මහතාත් සම්බන්ධවෙලා සිටිනවා. මොවුන් මේ ඉටුකරමින් සිටින්නේ, සිය ආත්මීය කාර්යය භාරයයි, 1505 දී ඇරඹි බටහිර අධිරාජ්‍යවාදයට එරෙහි වූ සටන පරපුරින් පරපුරට ගලා ගෙනවිත් මහින්ද රාජපක්ෂ මහතාගේ පාලන කාලය තුලදී ජයග්‍රහනය කර පසුව පරාජයට පත්වූ සටන යලි ජීවයක් ලබාගෙන තියෙනවා. කොහොම වුනත් අවුරුදු 515 කාල පරාසයක් තුල බිහිවූ විශිෂ්ඨතම නායකයා ඔහු බව සදහන් කල යුතුමයි.

ප්‍රශ්නය: මේ දිනවල ජනතා විමුක්ති පෙරමුණ විසින් මහින්ද රාජපක්ෂ මහතා හා එම පවුල මෙරට අංක එකේ සතුරාය යන අරුතින් දේශපාලන සංවාද හා පුවත් පත් සාකච්ඡා වලදී මත පලකරනවා ඒ සම්බන්ධව ඔබේ මතය කුමක්ද?

පිලිතුර: අපි තනි පුද්ගලයකු හෝ තනි පවුලක් සතුරු බලවේගයක් වශයෙන් සලකන්නේ නැහැ. ඇත්තටම තනි පුද්ගලයකු හෝ පවුලක් සමාජ බලවේගයක් නම්; අපිට කොච්චර පහසුද සමාජ ක්‍රමය වෙනස් කරන්න. විශේෂයෙන් මාක්ස්වාදී දේශපාලන ක්‍රියාකාරිත්වය තුලදී පුද්ගලයකු හෝ පවුලක් බලවේගයක් වශයෙන් සැලකිය නොහැකියි.

ප්‍රශ්නය: වර්තමාන දේශපාලන පිටියේදී ජනතා විමුක්ති පෙරමුණ විසින් මහින්ද රාජපක්ෂ මහතා හා එම පවුල, මෙම රට සූරා කණු ලබන පවුල බවට නම් කර හමාරයි. එම පවුල බලයෙන් පහකිරීම හරහා මේ රටට ප්‍රජාතන්ත්‍රවාදය ගෙන ආ හැකි යයි ප්‍රකාශ කරනවා.

පිලිතුර: හොදයි කවුද මහින්ද රාජපක්ෂ මහතාව බලයට ගෙන ආවේ?ඒ ජනතා විමුක්ති පෙරමුණයි. වර්තමාන ජනතා විමුක්ති පෙරමුණ ප්‍රකාශ කරන ආකාරයට එතුමා දූෂිතයෙකු නම්, පවුල් වාදියකු නම්, දූෂිත සහෝදර සමාගමක් නඩත්තු කරන්නෙකු නම් ඒකට සම්පූර්ණයෙන් වග කියන්න ඕනි ජනතා විමුක්ති පෙරමුණයි. පලමුව ඒ සම්බන්ධව ජනතාව ඉදිරියට විත් ජනතාවගෙන් සමාව ගන්න ඕනි.මේ වනතෙක් එවැන්නක් සිදුකොට නැහැ. එසේ ජාතියෙන් සමාව අයදින්නේ නැතිව තවත් අපේක්ෂකයකුට සහය දෙන්නයයි කියන්න එම පෙරමුණට කිසිදු සදාචාරාත්මක අයිතියක් නැහැ.පවුල්වාදය ගැන කියන කොට අපේ සිහියට නැගෙන රටක් තමයි උතුරු කොරියාව. සීයා විමුක්ති සටන්හි පෙරමුණ ගෙන, ඊට පසු තාත්තා විමුක්ති සටන ජයගෙන, අද පුතාත් අඛණ්ඩවම සිය පාලනය ගෙන යනවා.සහෝදර සමාගම වර්තමාන ජනතා විමුක්ති පෙරමුණ දකින්නේ; මහින්ද රාජපක්ෂ සහෝදරයින් හරහා නම්, ඔවුන් විසින් නියත වශයෙන්ම කියුබානු කස්ත්‍රෝ සොහොයුරන්ටත් එම අවලාදයම භාවිත කරන බව වටහා ගන්න. ඇමරිකාව කියුබාව උදෙසා බාවිතා කල පිලිණුවුන අවලාදය ජනතා විමුක්ති පෙරමුණට මේ අවස්ථාවේදී හිමිව තිබෙන බව පමණක් කිව හැකියි.ශ්‍රී ලංකාවේ සුපිරි සහෝදර සමාගම බිහිකිරීමට වෙර දෑරුවේ අපයි. අපේ පක්ෂයේ සිටි හැම අයෙක්ම සැබෑ සහෝදරයකු සේ සැලකුවේ අපයි. සහෝදරකම උත්තරීතර පදවියක් ලෙස දුටුවේ අපයි. සහෝදරකම උත්තරීතර පදවියක් ලෙස හදුනාගෙන, හැම අයෙක්ම ලේ නෑකම ඇති සහෝදරයින්සේ එකට බද්ධවීමට වෙරදැරූ පක්ෂයක නායකයින් සහෝදරකමට ගරහන ආකාරය අපුරුයි.ඔබලාට මේ ජනතා විමුක්ති පෙරමුණේ වර්තමාන මහත්වරු කවුදැයි මනාව වටහා ගන්න, එක කරුණක් පෙන්වා දෙන්නම්. මේ මහත්වරුන්ට අනුව, මේ රටේ විනාශයට ඒකායන හේතුව රාජපක්ෂ සහෝදර සමාගම නම්, එදා පිත්තල හන්දියේ බෝම්බයෙන් ගෝඨාභය රාජපක්ෂ මහතාත්; බදුල්ලේදී මහින්ද රාජපක්ෂ මහතා ඉලක්ක කරගෙන අටවා තිබූ බෝම්බයත් නිසි ලෙස ඉලක්ක ගතවූයේ නම් මේ රට ගලවා ගන්න තිබුණා යයි ඔවුන් පැහැදිලිවම කියා සිටිනවා නේද? ඒක සැබෑද ? නැහැ! එදා එහෙම සිදුවුණා නම් ඔය වගේ පච සහ අවලාද ගහන්න ඔය මහත්වරුනුත් සිටින එකක් නැහැ. මතක තියා ගන්න එදා වීර පුරංඅප්පු සිය මරණ මංචකයේදී කල ප්රකාශය. ඒ අපේ අම්මා තව මංවගේ එක පුතෙක් වැදුවා නම් මම මේ පර සුද්දන්ගෙන් මේ මව්බිම නියත වශයෙන්ම මුදවා ගන්නවා යන්නයි. එම ප්‍රකාශය තුල ගැබ්වෙලා තියෙන්නේ සහෝදර සමාගමක වැදගත්කමයි. සාමුහිකත්වය දේශපාලනයේදී ඉතා වටිනා අංගයක්

.ප්‍රශ්නය: මෙම මහා මැතිවරණයේදී, ඔබ අනුග්රහය දක්වන්නේ කාටද?පිලිතුර: අපේ සතුරාගේ, සතුරාට.ප්‍රශ්නය: ඔබේ පිලිතුර පැහැදිලි මදි. පැහැදිලි කරන්න.

පිලිතුර: අධිරාජ්‍යවාදීන් තමන්ගේ අංක එකේ සතුරා සේ දකින මහින්ද රාජපක්ෂ මහතාට.ප්‍රශ්නය: ඔබට ඔබේ පක්ෂයට හෝ එහි සාමාජිකයින්ට මේ අවස්ථාවේදී පැවසීමට යමක් තිබේද? පිලිතුර: ඔවුන් පවසන කිසිම දෙයක වගකීමක් මට නැහැ.ප්‍රශ්නය: ඔබට ජනාධිපති මහින්ද රාජපක්ෂ මහතාගෙන් ජාතිය වෙනුවෙන් ඉල්ලා සිටීමට යමක් තියෙනවාද?පිලිතුර: ඔව් සැබෑ ලෙසම මට එතුමාගෙන් ඉල්ලා සිටින්න කරුණු ගනනාවක් තියෙනවා. නමුත් එතුමනලා මේ සියල්ල සිදු කරමින් ඉන්නේ ධනවාදී සමාජයක් තුලයි. අද ධනවාදය මුළු ලෝකය පුරාම අර්බුදයකට ලක්වෙලා එහි අවසන් අධියරේ පසුවෙන්නේ. එක ඉතා හොද ප්‍රවනතාවයක්. අපි එම තත්වයෙන් ප්‍රයෝජනය ගත යුතුයි. ගෝඨාභය රාජපක්ෂ මහතා සුවිශේෂී දේශපාලන සලකුණක්. ඔහුව සුරකින්න බලවත් කරන්න අපි අපේක්ෂා කල සියලු දෙයක්ම ඔහු ඉටුකරාවි. ඊට එහා ගිය දෙයක් පැවසීමට. මට නැහැ. නිදහස් අරගලය ජයවේවායි! පතමි. ඔබ හැමට ස්තුථියි.ඔබටත් ස්තුථියි.සම්බන්ධීකරණය චන්ද්‍රසේන පණ්ඩිතගේ

Indian PM Modi says Buddhism can give lasting solutions to the world’s problems

July 4th, 2020

Courtesy NewsIn.Asia

The Indian Cultural Center in Colombo conducted a webinar on Buddhism in India-Sri Lanka relations to mark Esala Poya Day

Colombo, July 4 (newsin.asia): Buddhism forms one of the most important civilisational links between India and Sri Lanka. Addressing the Dharma Chakra Day celebrations in New Delhi on Saturday, Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi said that the world fights extra-ordinary challenges. To these challenges, lasting solutions can come from the ideals of Lord Buddha. They were relevant in the past, are relevant in the present and will remain relevant in the future.

Prime Minister Modi had visited Sri Lanka during the 2017 International Vesak Day celebrations as Chief Guest. To further strengthen the ties of these shared bonds,

The High Commission of India marked Poson Poya last month by creating Poson Pavura – an art exhibition by Sri Lankan artists on the walls of the High Commission of India premises.

The panelists from Sri Lanka participating in the webinar to mark the Esala Poya day were Venerable Galkande Dhammananda Thero, Head, Department of History, University of Kelaniya; Kala Shuri Dr. Praneeth Abeysundara, an award-winning scholar, and Professor of Sociology, University of Sri Jayewardenepura; Prof. Samantha Ilangakoon, Dean, Faculty of Buddhist Studies and Professor, Department of Religious Studies & Comparative Philosophy, Buddhist and Pali University of Sri Lanka; and Mr. Daya Dissanayake, an award-winning novelist and poet.

The panelists from India included Dr. Baidyanath Labh, Vice Chancellor, Nav Nalanda Mahavihara (Deemed University), Ministry of Culture, Government of India; Dr. Bimalendra Kumar, Professor and Head, Department of Pali & Buddhist Studies, Banaras Hindu University; Dr. Saswati Mutsuddy, Professor and Head, Department of Pali, University of Calcutta; and Dr. G. B. Harsiha, an award-winning writer, poet, cultural historian and Director of Swami Vivekananda Cultural Centre, Embassy of India, Hanoi, Vietnam.

Dr. Rewant Vikram Singh, Director, Swami Vivekananda Cultural Centre, Colombo, delivered the welcome remarks and moderated the webinar.

The panelists discussed the significance of the Buddha Dhamma for global well-being, particularly considering the current challenges of the COVID-19 pandemic. Highlighting the importance of Esala Full Moon Poya day, when Lord Buddha gave the First Sermon, the Dhammacakkappavattana Sutta, at Sarnath, India, the scholars stressed upon the need for compassion and kindness towards each other, and suggested that only through right physical, verbal, and mental actions, as prescribed by Lord Buddha, one can ensure global well-being.

The scholars highlighted the deep socio-religious, cultural and historical relationship between Sri Lanka and India that dates back to more than 2500 years. Esala Full Moon Poya Day being one of such festivals, which reiterate this relationship. It was on this Poya Day Arittha, the nephew of King Devanampiya Tissa, along with 55 others were ordained by Arahant Mahinda Thera, the son of Emperor Ashoka of Magadh, India. This event marked the establishment of Buddha Sasana in Sri Lanka. Also, it was on Esala Poya Day, the Most Venerated Tooth Relic of the Buddha was brought to Sri Lanka from Kalinga, India.

The scholars appreciated the initiative of Swami Vivekananda Cultural Centre (SVCC), High Commission of India in Sri Lanka, and requested for many such discussions between scholars of Sri Lanka and India, as well as with other parts of the world.

The panel discussion was webcast live on the Facebook page of Swami Vivekananda Cultural Centre, Colombo.

Will introduce laws to prohibit sale of country’s resources – Prime Minister Mahinda Rajapaksa

July 4th, 2020

Courtesy Adaderana

Laws will be brought forward to prohibit the sale of the country’s resources, says Prime Minister Mahinda Rajapaksa.

As the former President of the country, I initiated and carried out the development of the whole country. We constructed a port, an airport, an international cricket ground and an expressway in Hambantota,” the Premier said addressing a public meeting in Beliatta on Friday (03).

He said the UNP-led government sold the port built during his administration. They stored paddy at the airport we built. They influenced the Cricket Board to withhold permission for cricket matches being played at the Hambantota Stadium and they even dismissed the panel. Yoshitha, Namal, and I were sued for various allegations. These actions display the mentality of the UNP,” PM Rajapaksa continued.

He said the UNP has split into two factions and it is now beyond repair, adding that this was subtly carried out by the leader of the Samagi Jana Balawegaya (SJB) Sajith Premadasa. Not only will the UNP receive the lowest number of votes but it will also mark the end of the oldest political party in Sri Lanka, the PM noted. This is a good opportunity for everyone to reflect on what services he has done for the public while he was appointed as a Minister for five years, he added.

We work together to build this country as one nation. We have a president who is determined to take this country forward and we have many initiatives that will transform our nation. Due to this, it is vital that the President’s party is strengthened and secures the majority of the Parliament. We do not want a repetition of the Ranil-Maithripala conflict as the damage done by such conflicts will directly impact our people.”

PM Rajapaksa said he recently met with a Trade Union of Ports and resolved their issues through a successful discussion. However, it became clear that we now have to pay the dues of mistakes done by the previous government who has already sold most of our country’s resources. Nonetheless, we have a responsibility to respect and uphold agreements signed with other countries.”

A new system has to be devised to prohibit the sales of our resources, the PM said further, adding that he intends to introduce a proposal to get the Parliament’s approval when signing diplomatic agreements.

Since the day we came to power, there have been many parties who intend to topple our government. I hope our people will take the right measures to protect the government from such individuals,” the PM continued.

Five arrivals bring COVID-19 cases count to 2,074

July 4th, 2020

Courtesy Adaderana

The Ministry of Health says five more persons have tested positive for COVID-19 in Sri Lanka as of 7.30 pm today (04).

The latest coronavirus infections have moved the tally to 2,074.

The Department of Government Information said these patients are arrivals from the United States (01), Madagascar (01), Qatar (02) and Bangladesh (01).

Meanwhile, the total number of COVID-19 recoveries confirmed in Sri Lanka increased to 1,885 earlier today as 22 patients were discharged from hospitals as they have returned to health.

According to the Epidemiology Unit’s statistics, 178 active cases are currently under medical care at several hospitals across the country.

Eleven patients have succumbed to the virus to date.

AUGUST 5: D-DAY FOR SAVING SRI LANKA

July 3rd, 2020

By Rohana R. Wasala

Today, at the end of seventy two years of  so-called independence, Sri Lanka finds itself pushed to the edge of a precipice, despite the many sacrifices made by patriots in blood, sweat and tears for its unity and stability as a flourishing sovereign state during that period (and before, for that matter, over two millennia). Sri Lankans are teetering on the brink of the dark abyss of an uncertain, unsettled and chaotic future through no fault of theirs (or rather, paradoxically, through their very innocence and decency). They have been entrapped in this position by cold calculating inimical political forces, internal and external, treacherously assisted by the customary opportunism of a couple of minority politicians who inflame communal sentiments within their respective communities, while striking a feigned nationalist pose among the majority community voters during elections; this entrapment is equally strongly supported by the hypocritical, shortsighted, ‘political correctness’ postures that mainstream politicians assume in order to placate the handful of minority communalists while ignoring the progressive up and coming non-communalist young generation of politicians  in those communities. The appeasement of racist minority politicians by the big national politicians hampers the successful emergence of their progressive rivals.  

The mainstream polity (composed of the usually Sinhala speaking 75% and the usually Tamil speaking -Tamil and Muslim – 25%) is divided between the two traditional main camps generally identified with the right of centre, decidedly West-dependent, UNP which looks upon its cynical nonchalance towards the majority Sinhala Buddhist community as a main plank of its politics (designed to attract minority votes and the approval of the interventionist foreign powers who hardly care about the humanity of Sri Lankans) and the left of centre SLFP with traditional nationalist leanings, which also feels induced to conceal its sensitivity to the just demands of the majority community lest it be misconstrued as something prejudicial to the minorities. 

Internal and external enemies of the state are exploiting this situation, among other things, for their own advantage. In the engineered regime change in January 2015, the UNP and a section of the SLFP that opportunistically joined its general secretary who had betrayed his boss to win the presidency (as part of a conspiracy), formed a coalition government called Yahapalanaya. The Yahapalanaya appointed its own subservient opposition consisting of communalist and sectarian minority parties and the JVP. That official opposition actually provided the previous regime with a bulwark against the real, but legally unrecognised, opposition that came to be called the Joint Opposition. The latter comprised the majority of the UPFA that fought the Yahapalana misgovernance tooth and nail; but its success rate was less than what it should have been, principally because foreign intervention queered its pitch (with, for example, diplomats of meddling foreign powers cheering from the lobby of Parliament during the forced passage of hotly debated pieces of nationally harmful legislation). With the release, on June 23, 2020, of the report of the expert committee on the Millennium Challenge Corporation Compact (which had been introduced secretly under the previous regime in violation of a supposedly sovereign people’s democratic rights), ordinary Sri Lankans have started getting an idea of where they have been deceitfully led to by the powers that be. 

 People don’t know whether the MCC Compact is already a fait accompli. Hopefully, it is not, though two preliminary agreements have already been signed under Yahapalanaya. But there is hardly any doubt about the stand taken in this regard by the current president and the SLPP government: they are against signing it. However, a final disposition of the MCC agreement issue will very much depend on the quality of the next parliament.  MPs of the common mould who have taken to politics out of selfish motives far outnumber the patriotic few. They have earned a bad name for all politicians. They engage in their petty schemes to grab power oblivious of  the behemoth of superpower domination camouflaged with the clothes of ‘human rights’ and ‘Western democracy’, breathing down the neck of Sri Lanka. Ordinary citizens are becoming more and more aware of this existential threat to the nation, among other similar crises.  Hence, MPs, be they members of the government or of the opposition, particularly after the disastrous Yahapalana experience, have come to be indiscriminately censured by the public as the (despicable) ‘225’. Apparently, even the MPs of the past are not exempted from this universal condemnation. Of course, not all MPs of the past or of the present deserve such universal denunciation. Yet it cannot be denied that they are collectively responsible for betraying the country to Western imperialist aggression through their failure to manage internal majority vs minority politics so as to create national unity. While establishing such unity is the shared responsibility of leaders of all communities, the onus is especially on the leaders of the majority Sinhalese, who should be able to persuade the few racist minority politicians to accept what is good for the whole nation before acceding to their self-centred parochial demands for the sake their support in parliament. Until November 2019, mere political expediency seemed to have determined the conduct of the average MP, who is content being a shrewd survivalist. Only the few notable exceptions that there are understand, or possess enough brains to understand, what the country needs to ensure its long term survival as an independent sovereign nation. 

The bright hopes of national resurgence which were kindled during the May 2009 – December 2014 period were totally doused by the Yahapalanaya that lasted from January 2015 to November 2019. The latter’s campaign slogan had been ‘Change We Need’, a borrowing from former US president Barack Obama’s 2008 general election campaign; but Sri Lanka by January 2015 was already established in the process of achieving the change it had been yearning for for three decades, namely, a peaceful secure independent country free from separatist terrorist violence and foreign interference, a country that was all set to make rapid progress in its economy.  Significantly, the changes the post-civil conflict Sri Lanka was successfully making related to the three areas of development, defence and diplomacy, the three D’s that figure in the MCC Compact. It is no exaggeration to say that the Yahapalanaya left the country in a shambles in all these respects.

Fortunately, the unholy Yahapalana alliance broke up before its commitments to its interventionist foreign sponsors could be fully honoured, leaving the UNP and the SLFP disintegrated beyond any hope of reintegration. The nationalist forces from all communities have joined a common front under the leadership of the SLPP that is already poised to overwhelm the next parliament (unless something untoward happens as in August 2015), while the UNP, fragmented into four or five directionless small factions, is barely hovering between life and death, its feuding leaders having become popular laughing stocks among the impatiently waiting electorate through their funny electioneering shenanigans and inane utterances on the campaign trail. The genuinely patriotic elements among the rank and file of the grand old party find themselves left in the lurch by their self-absorbed leaders. But when the time comes, they will join the nationalists, for they are sure to realise, if they have average intelligence, that only a nationalist victory will save the country for all its citizens, irrespective of race, religion, and politics, as an independent sovereign state where they can hope to eventually resuscitate their historic party, that will eventually emerge as a worthy rival to the SLPP. 

Sri Lanka will not survive as an independent sovereign nation unless it manages to break loose of the stranglehold of the hegemonic West which operates through the UNP and its opportunistic allies. Antinationalist forces enjoy an advantage in the existing electoral system that does not allow a clear winner to emerge at parliamentary elections, which results in minority parties becoming kingmakers. This allows communalist minority politicians to play politics at the expense of the broad national interest, whichever of the two main parties or respective alliances led by them comes to power with their assistance. Until Gotabaya Rajapaksa’s resounding victory in November 2019 it was accepted wisdom that a presidential candidate cannot win on the strength of Sinhalese votes alone. 

But Gotabaya’s election was an unplanned/unintended/unexpected exposure of that long existing fallacy. Does this mean that the Sri Lankan electorate is permanently divided into two blocs: majority vs minorities? No. During campaigning for the presidential election, nationalists led by Gotabaya and Mahinda made all possible overtures to the minorities to become partners of the historic victory that was by then assured, though they already knew they could win even without their participation. The final result showed that the minority contribution to Gotabaya’s 

election was less than what was expected. This was because of the influence of the few powerful communalist minority politicos over their polity. After the election, Gotabaya said that, though he won because the majority of the majority voted for him (notwithstanding the fact that the majority of the minorities voted for his rivals despite his pre-poll appeal to them to support him), he was elected president for all Sri Lankans and invited them to participate in nation building with him. His conduct during the election and after has shown that he is eminently suitable for the job he has been elected for. But he is being hampered by the absence of a parliament that can work with him. The non-racist ordinary Tamils and Muslims are getting a chance to help the majority Sinhalese elect that parliament on August 5.  This is no easy task, though. Many odds are stacked against them. What these are everybody knows. At the moment 

Landslide for the SLPP and a whitewash for the UNP.

July 3rd, 2020

Dr Sudath Gunasekara Mahanuwara

What people of this country should do at the upcoming election to save the Sinhala Nation, the Buddha Sasana, and the country and to take it to new heights?

3.7.2020.

My prediction on the August 5th General Election

Landslide victory for the SLPP and a white wash for the UNP and nemesis for all communal political parties and Independent candidates

What the people of this country should do at the upcoming election to ensure this reality

Before I present my write up on the above topic I give here my prediction made on the last Presidential Election on 14 Oct 2019 in an email I sent to Mr Gothabhaya Rajapaksa.

Your victory as well as that of the country is a foregone conclusion. I am repeating, you will be definitely starting with at least 65 lakhs the minimum that is what the SLPP, UPF and SLFP got at the 2018 Local Government Elections. Looking at the present trend no one should be surprised even if it exceeds 70 lahks.

(This is the opening passage of an email sent to Gothabhaya on 14.Oct 2019)

The accuracy of my prediction was proved   to the letter when he polled 6,924,255 votes and won that election and I take pride in that forecast as I was the only man who said so. Even my teacher at the University, an internationally acclaimed eminent scholar emeritus Professor Gerald Peiris expressed his reservations on my conclusion. But I persistently maintained my conviction and finally it was proved correct.

Similarly I am making this prediction this time too on the upcoming General election after making an in-depth study of the political situation on ground by listening to people in the work place, paddy field and on the street. Changes bound to occur in the behavior of the electorate between now and the 5th of August also has been taken in to consideration in arriving at this conclusion. The rousing welcome received by the President at the SLPP’s inaugural election meeting held at Anuradhapura today is good forecast of  the prediction I am making  in this note.

Dawn of a historic land mark in the political history of this Island nation

I opine the next General Election is going to be an important land mark in the political history of this Island nation for the following reasons. It will also mark a turning point in the post-Independence period of Sri Lanka.

The beginning of this turning point will dawn with this political revolution that will emerge with the election results on the 6th of August.

A political Revolution

1The SLPP will get over 175 out of 225 seats in the next Parliament (Eg 155 elected and 20 national list)

 2 The divided and disarrayed UNP (R+P camps together) will settle around 35 (elected + national list)

3 TNA 12 elected and 1 National list member

4 JVP will get eliminated

5 Others not belonging to 1 to 4=2

6 All independent candidates will lose even their deposits.

The demise of UNP at this selection will create a political vacuum. The need for such a new national political party is called for as both traditional parties, the UNP and the SLFP are no more  there. That will give rise to a chance for a new national Political Party that is more patriotic and village based, to take over the country when one day the SLPP fails in its duty by the Nation. The SLPP will govern the country under the present patriotic regime at least for 15 years. That is Gota at least 10 and his successor 5.

I predict this overall result on the basis of two sets of mutually exclusive factors coming in to play at this election, one negative and the other positive. The most significant feature of this political revolution is that the interaction of both these diametrically opposed factors will have negative effects on the UNP vote base as a political party. Vituperative and mudslinging at each other, devoid of any substance  or constructive political dialogue by these two Camps (R&S) spearheaded by corrupt, baseless, verbose and vicious political misfits like Sajit, Rajita, Champika, Vijitamuni Zoysa and Kiriella and extreme communalists like Hakim. Badurdeen on one side and Bank robbers, traitors like Ranil, Mangala, Ravi, Range Bandara and jokers like Ranjan Ramanayaka and Mervin Mervin Silva will meteorically enhance the chances of the SLPP to unexpected levels, recording a landslide victory never expected by any, including even those in the SLPP and the President’s Office.

First let us look at the negative factors

1This election is held after a period of 5 years of complete anarchy and political and economic mismanagement in this country under Sirisena–Ranil- Karu three headed Government. Going by the present situation in the country, the political environment in the country could be compared to a sinking and wrecking ship in mid seas caught by a Tsunami, sans a captain to rescue and navigate it in the proper direction for safety.

2 This election is also held at a time when the country is beset with extremely serious crises in a plethora of political, economic and social fields and the collapse of national security and law and order never witnessed before in this country.  

3 The country is going through a serious economic depression after the nation’s Central Bank was robbed by the then ruling UNP, manipulated by none other than the Prime Minister of that so-called Government and subsequently the whole country paralyzed by extremist Muslim terrorist attacks on the economic and religious nerve centers of the country, now in complete disarray and reached its lowest growth level in its 72 years of Independence. On the top of it is a time when the whole  world is undergoing one of the most difficult and unpredictable future due to the world wide Covid 19 pandemic that has almost crippled the whole world and brought it virtually on its knees almost to a non-returnable situation.

4 The country’s economy is also undergoing one of the most difficult times ever in its history more or less facing a national crisis level with no agricultural or industrial production and nor exports, and where the main foreign exchange inflow channels like foreign employment has almost got dried up and printed money has to be pumped in billions to run the country.

5 Scanty domestic FE reserves and worldwide economic depression and limitations and constraints on imports due to global restriction on shipping and international trade mechanisms has badly affected both exports and imports

6 Meanwhile continued interference and competition by powerful countries to take control of our strategic situation on the great E-W trade route in the Indian Ocean in view of its importance in the context of emerging supremacy of the Indo-Pacific zone in world politics and by various International organizations agencies and countries like UK. Germany, Canada and Norway driven by LTTE Diaspora elements hostile to this country that are trying to create disunity within the country for example between the various ethnic and religious groups also have created many a problem to this country.

 The positive side

1 In spite of this darker side, after 72 years of So-called Independence on the other hand, we as a nation have got a patriotic and strong Sinhala Buddhist Statesman in President Gothabhaya Rajapaksa as a man with a clear vision and a mission who has a proven capacity  to successfully face all these challenges of  this multifaceted conundrum and take this country out of the Augean mess it has been put in to by all politicians who are supposed to have ruled this country for the past 72 years since the so-called Independence.  

None of them knew the kind of fake Independence they got in 1948. As I see it none of them knew that the kind of Independence given by the British was only a transfer of continuation of the same British governance mechanism to a set of local kaluSuddhas to run the country as their proxy. This is exactly what, we are doing even today. But the politicians call it Independence. The true Bhumiputras of this country, that is Sinhala Buddhists have elected Gothabhaya Rajapaksa as their new leader. They expects new President to make this country a fully pledge Independent and sovereign State after this election.  This perhaps is the priority number one the people of this country expect from him. This long overdue political   strategy forms the cornerstone of all the rest as an as Independent sovereign and free country.

  Is  Diyasena Born at last?

Going by his past record as the Secretary of the Ministry of Defense as to how he defeated the LTTE and how he converted Colombo to be recognized as the best City in Asia within four years after the war are enough testimonies for his ability and leadership as a task master. His peerless success in these two fields almost made him the Sinhala Buddhist benevolent leader overnight; the nation was desperately looking for seven decades. That is why the whole nation almost unanimously got him elected as the 8th President of this Island nation with 6,924,255 votes that gave him an unprecedented majority of 1,360,016 in spite numerous false and vicious conspiracies and intrigues’ relentlessly deployed against him until the last moment by anti-national ant-Sinhala forces both from within the country and outside, the shores to prevent him from getting even nominations. All such attempts were successfully foiled and finally truth prevailed, justice won and he got elected as the 8th President of this country to the overwhelming joy of Sinhala nation.

The way how he has conducted in office as well as in personal life since he was sworn in front of the Ruwanwelimahaseya and his short but dignified and patriotic speech from the hallowed precincts of the Great Stupa reminded me ancient traditions of our great Kings who swore in in front of the Mahasangha to rule the Lankan Kingdom according to the Dasaraaja Dhamma. How he set about thereafter by ordering not to exhibit his photo in Government offices, reducing his staff, and even security and banning all state tamasa, reducing the Cabinet to 17 and his simple dress and manners won the admiration and the hearts of the masses of this country. How he managed the Covid 19 pandemic when even countries like USA have miserably failed, has already made him the most outstanding national leader the post Independent Sri Lanka has produced. The majority in the country are unanimous on this consensus. For them he is already a national idol and a hero as well. For the poor and those deprived of their daily bread due to the Covid 19 disaster, the food basket and the 5000 payment given was manna from heaven in their difficult times.  As for me I see in him the legendary Diyasena, eulogized in Perakumbasirita by Sri Thotagamuve Rahula Thera is born at last to rescue this thrice blessed Punyabhuumi, by Lord Buddha.

Patriotic and honest Sinhala Buddhist task master cum – true Statesman

All these actions on his part have convinced the masses that at last after 72 years of so-called Independence they have got a Patriotic and honest Sinhala Buddhist task master cum – true Statesman of proven ability and unblemished character beyond any doubt in Gothabahay Rajapaksa, as the Head of State.

2 At the same time there is an unprecedented emerging unity among the Sinhala nation from west to East and North to South and from the sea to the top of Samangira encompassing the whole country sans all their differences like caste, creed and religion as one nation.

3 A towering sense of belonging together is also emerging among the masses throughout the country as one nation getting polarizes around the exemplary leadership of Gothabha and Mahinda inspired by the support of the Maha Sangha right round the country in unison and Catholic clergy headed by His Eminence Cardinal Malcom Ranjit

4 The splitting of the UNP (a dead party in any case) in to two parts under two Kalusuddhas, Ruinil as someone has named him and Sajit a round peg in a square hole, both of whom have no leadership qualities and don’t feel the pulses of the masses as both of them being direct products of the Colombian society, do not know what Sri Lanka is. Both of the think Colombo is Sri Lanka. They are for personal gain and glory rather than the concern for the common people. This Colombian leadership of right Royal College products has left the grass root UNPers disgusted, dismayed, frustrated and high and dry. Majority of UNPers have already realized that hanging on to out dated UNP will not take them anywhere under the prevailing situation.

In sum all of them know pretty well that there is virtually no UNP as an alternative Political party that can come to power in the foreseeable future. It is already dead and buried under six feet or more, thanks to Ruinil and Sajit Premadasa. No one will hear about the UNP after 5th of August.

5 The patriotic younger generation looking for change and new hopes getting attracted by this new leadership qualities displayed by Gota have already got rallied round him

6 Nationwide hope and the dream for political stability under a joint partnership between the proven and able leadership qualities of the Rajapaksa brothers specially the charismatic MR and proactive and dynamic Gota the task master who does not tolerate humbug and who has aptly proved his capacity in his war against the savages LTTE, as the Defense Sec of the country and as the President of the country from the day he was elected as  the President have made the people confident that at last they have got the leadership they were looking for decades who can rescue this country out of the political, economic and Social mess in to which successive Government have dumped it.

7 The newly emerging wave of unprecedented Sinhala Buddhist nationalism and the sense of patriotism  gathering momentum around this new leadership supported by the three Forces, Professionals, Civil Servants and the Six National Forces sanga, veda, guru, Govi-kamkaru and Ranaviru and the youth votes around the country brimming with new hope like a multi barrel war machine rolling across the battle field is taking the lead  for nation building under the new President.

 At the same time we see all round auspicious sings like anti-national elements getting caught and exposed daily clearing the way for the nation to march forward without any obstacles. In this most encouraging and welcome backdrop, the Pohottuwa will emerge victorious in a landslide victory unheard and unseen in the political history of post Independent Sri Lanka.

My prediction on the 2019 Presidential Election

I predicted Gotha will get 69-70 lakhs at the last Presidential poll and Gota polled 6,924,255. Based on the same argument at this election the SLPP should get it increased to at least 80 lakhs of votes taking in to account the ground reality factors like the defections from the UNP, JVP, Tamil and Muslim votes and new youth segment. Even the minorities who are fed up with their own communal minded extremist politicians who have ruined them over the decades without doing any service to their people,  are seriously looking for a complete change in Sri Lanka politics. Therefore the SLPP should bag at least 155 out of 196 elected seats and it will therefor, should bag at least 20 national list pin slots as well, making the total to stand around 175. The UNP disarrayed factions together are very unlikely to get even 25 lakhs this time as against the 5,564,239 Premadasa polled at the Presidential election .Premadasa will get 2,500,000 less than what he got at the Presidential election. This is the Tamil and Muslim component which Premadasa will not get this time.

1 A substantial number out of UNP voters will also vote with the Pohottuwa this time as they are convinced that there is no point in betting a losing horse. Majority of disgusted UNP hard liners will boycott elections and that will also drastically reduce the UNP votes. The JVP as usual will get eliminated at this election for their sins they have committed to this nation and they are also very unlikely to get any national list slots either. The chances of UNP getting Thodamans votes is also not there at this election as Mahinda has played his cards well, the SLPP will get a majority of Estate Tamil votes. With Digambarans help Premadasa might get at least one seat more than Ranils faction on the overall.

 On the other hand even if those brainless Sinhala Budhhist UNPers who are suffering from chronic and incurable UNP constipation syndrome fail to realize the gravity and the seriousness of the crime they are going to commit against the Sinhala nation and the Sinhala Buddhist civilization in this country by voting an anti-Sinhala, anti- Buddhist and anti-national force, that is UNP, now fast disintegrating and disappearing as a political force in no time from the surface of this land, no man or god can  stop the victory of the Sinhala Buddhist forces led by Rajapaksas. There is a likelihood of all Sinhala forces drifting towards this historic goal.

Under these circumstances no one can stop the MR Camp getting at least 175 seats in the 2020 Parliament and it will go down in history as the biggest electoral victory ever in the post Independent Sri Lanka by any political Party. As for me, I am fully confident that this miracle will happen on the 5th of August, the results of which will be obvious by the 6th evening.  

My appeal to the Sinhala Buddhist nations

The whole nation should rise in unison as a mighty force like the Phoenix from ashes under the new patriotic and vibrant leadership of President Rajapaksa taking the above situation as a stimulant and a blessing in disguise for us to march forward as one united and determined nation. I do not think you will get a better chance than this to get your aspirations realized again. If you neglect your duty by the nation and the country at this time I can vouch you, you might never get such an opportunity at any time in future.

Once we do our duty I am confident Gothabhaya and Mahinda will lay the firm foundation to rescue this country and the Sinhala Nation from all misdeeds and omissions committed by all the previous Governments since 1948 at least.

What all of us, the patriotic people of this country have to do at this election

 All the patriotic people of this country have to give the President a strong and stable Government by voting en-block to the SLPP at the forthcoming election to enable them   to have a strong government exceeding 2/3 majority under MR in Parliament to enable it carry out the Presidents avowed mission by the nation and our motherland. That I think is the best lesson patriotic people of this country can teach cynics like Rajan Philip and other lunatiks like Rajeewa Jayaweera (see Island 27th 2020 At the centre of it will be Rajapaksa v. Rajapaksa, sounding like Kramer v. Kramer of by Rajan Philip) who are trying to drive a wedge between Mahinda and Gota to deprive this nation of this unprecedented golden opportunity of rescuing the Sinhala nation and the motherland from the Augean mess in to which it has been put in to by all those who were supposed to have ruled this country since 1948.

FIGHTING IN POLLS FOR A FIGHTING CHANCE

July 3rd, 2020

By Rohana R. Wasala Courtesy The Island

Today, at the end of seventy two years of  so-called independence, Sri Lanka finds itself pushed to the edge of a precipice, despite the many sacrifices made by patriots in blood, sweat and tears for its unity and stability as a flourishing sovereign state during that period (and before, for that matter, over two millennia). Sri Lankans are teetering on the brink of the dark abyss of an uncertain, unsettled and chaotic future through no fault of theirs (or rather, paradoxically, through their very innocence and decency). They have been entrapped in this position by cold calculating inimical political forces, internal and external, treacherously assisted by the customary opportunism of a couple of minority politicians who inflame communal sentiments within their respective communities, while striking a feigned nationalist pose among the majority community voters during elections; this entrapment is equally strongly supported by the hypocritical, shortsighted, ‘political correctness’ postures that mainstream politicians assume in order to placate the handful of minority communalists while ignoring the progressive up and coming non-communalist young generation of politicians  in those communities. The appeasement of racist minority politicians by the big national politicians hampers the successful emergence of their progressive rivals.  

The mainstream polity (composed of the usually Sinhala speaking 75% and the usually Tamil speaking -Tamil and Muslim – 25%) is divided between the two traditional main camps generally identified with the right of centre, decidedly West-dependent, UNP which looks upon its cynical nonchalance towards the majority Sinhala Buddhist community as a main plank of its politics (designed to attract minority votes and the approval of the interventionist foreign powers who hardly care about the humanity of Sri Lankans) and the left of centre SLFP with traditional nationalist leanings, which also feels induced to conceal its sensitivity to the just demands of the majority community lest it be misconstrued as something prejudicial to the minorities. 

Internal and external enemies of the state are exploiting this situation, among other things, for their own advantage. In the engineered regime change in January 2015, the UNP and a section of the SLFP that opportunistically joined its general secretary who had betrayed his boss to win the presidency (as part of a conspiracy), formed a coalition government called Yahapalanaya. The Yahapalanaya appointed its own subservient opposition consisting of communalist and sectarian minority parties and the JVP. That official opposition actually provided the previous regime with a bulwark against the real, but legally unrecognised, opposition that came to be called the Joint Opposition. The latter comprised the majority of the UPFA that fought the Yahapalana misgovernance tooth and nail; but its success rate was less than what it should have been, principally because foreign intervention queered its pitch (with, for example, diplomats of meddling foreign powers cheering from the lobby of Parliament during the forced passage of hotly debated pieces of nationally harmful legislation). With the release, on June 23, 2020, of the report of the expert committee on the Millennium Challenge Corporation Compact (which had been introduced secretly under the previous regime in violation of a supposedly sovereign people’s democratic rights), ordinary Sri Lankans have started getting an idea of where they have been deceitfully led to by the powers that be. 

 People don’t know whether the MCC Compact is already a fait accompli. Hopefully, it is not, though two preliminary agreements have already been signed under Yahapalanaya. But there is hardly any doubt about the stand taken in this regard by the current president and the SLPP government: they are against signing it. However, a final disposition of the MCC agreement issue will very much depend on the quality of the next parliament.  MPs of the common mould who have taken to politics out of selfish motives far outnumber the patriotic few. They have earned a bad name for all politicians. They engage in their petty schemes to grab power oblivious of  the behemoth of superpower domination camouflaged with the clothes of ‘human rights’ and ‘Western democracy’, breathing down the neck of Sri Lanka. Ordinary citizens are becoming more and more aware of this existential threat to the nation, among other similar crises.  Hence, MPs, be they members of the government or of the opposition, particularly after the disastrous Yahapalana experience, have come to be indiscriminately censured by the public as the (despicable) ‘225’. Apparently, even the MPs of the past are not exempted from this universal condemnation. Of course, not all MPs of the past or of the present deserve such universal denunciation. Yet it cannot be denied that they are collectively responsible for betraying the country to Western imperialist aggression through their failure to manage internal majority vs minority politics so as to create national unity. While establishing such unity is the shared responsibility of leaders of all communities, the onus is especially on the leaders of the majority Sinhalese, who should be able to persuade the few racist minority politicians to accept what is good for the whole nation before acceding to their self-centred parochial demands for the sake their support in parliament. Until November 2019, mere political expediency seemed to have determined the conduct of the average MP, who is content being a shrewd survivalist. Only the few notable exceptions that there are understand, or possess enough brains to understand, what the country needs to ensure its long term survival as an independent sovereign nation. 

Fortunately, the unholy Yahapalana alliance broke up before its commitments to its interventionist foreign sponsors could be fully honoured, leaving the UNP and the SLFP disintegrated beyond any hope of reintegration. The nationalist forces from all communities have joined a common front under the leadership of the SLPP that is already poised to overwhelm the next parliament (unless something untoward happens as in August 2015), while the UNP, fragmented into four or five directionless small factions, is barely hovering between life and death, its feuding leaders having become popular laughing stocks among the impatiently waiting electorate through their funny electioneering shenanigans and inane utterances on the campaign trail. The genuinely patriotic elements among the rank and file of the grand old party find themselves left in the lurch by their self-absorbed leaders. But when the time comes, they will join the nationalists, for they are sure to realise, if they have average intelligence, that only a nationalist victory will save the country for all its citizens, irrespective of race, religion, and politics, as an independent sovereign state where they can hope to eventually resuscitate their historic party, that will eventually emerge as a worthy rival to the SLPP. 

Sri Lanka will not survive as an independent sovereign nation unless it manages to break loose of the stranglehold of the hegemonic West which operates through the UNP and its opportunistic allies. Antinationalist forces enjoy an advantage in the existing electoral system that does not allow a clear winner to emerge at parliamentary elections, which results in minority parties becoming kingmakers. This allows communalist minority politicians to play politics at the expense of the broad national interest, whichever of the two main parties or respective alliances led by them comes to power with their assistance. Until Gotabaya Rajapaksa’s resounding victory in November 2019 it was accepted wisdom that a presidential candidate cannot win on the strength of Sinhalese votes alone. 

But Gotabaya’s election was an unplanned/unintended/unexpected exposure of that long existing fallacy. Does this mean that the Sri Lankan electorate is permanently divided into two blocs: majority vs minorities? No. During campaigning for the presidential election, nationalists led by Gotabaya and Mahinda made all possible overtures to the minorities to become partners of the historic victory that was by then assured, though they already knew they could win even without their participation. The final result showed that the minority contribution to Gotabaya’s election was less than what was expected. This was because of the influence of the few powerful communalist minority politicos over their polity. After the election, Gotabaya said that, though he won because the majority of the majority voted for him (notwithstanding the fact that the majority of the minorities voted for his rivals despite his pre-poll appeal to them to support him), he was elected president for all Sri Lankans and invited them to participate in nation building with him. His conduct during the election and after has shown that he is eminently suitable for the job he has been elected for. But he is being hampered by the absence of a parliament that can work with him. The non-racist ordinary Tamils and Muslims are getting a chance to help the majority Sinhalese elect that parliament on August 5.  

අ.පො.ස උ/පෙල විභාගයට දින නියම නොකොට ජනාධිපති සාකච්ඡා හා සමීක්ෂණ කරමින් කල් මැරීම සම්බන්ධවයි.

July 3rd, 2020

ලංකා ගුරු සේවා සංගමය ජනමාධ්‍ය නිවේදනයයි

2020. 07. 03

ගරු අධ්‍යාපන අමාත්‍ය,
ඩලස් අලහප්පෙරුම මහතා,
අධ්‍යාපන අමාත්‍යංශය,
ඉසුරුපාය,
බත්තරමුල්ල.

ඇමතිතුමනි,

අ.පො.ස උ/පෙල විභාගයට දින නියම නොකොට ජනාධිපති සාකච්ඡා හා සමීක්ෂණ කරමින් කල් මැරීම සම්බන්ධවයි.


මෙවර අ.පො.ස උ/පෙල විභාගයට අගෝස්තු මස පෙනි සිටීමට නියමිතව සිටි සිසු දරුවන්ට කොරෝනා වසංගතය හා පසුගිය වසරේ සිදු වු පාස්කු ප‍්‍රහාරය නිසා අහිමි වු මාස 05ක පමණ අධ්‍යයන කාලසීමාව නැවත සැලසුම් කර ගැනීම සඳහා වන සාධාරණ කාලයක් ලබා දී විභාගයට දින නියම කරන ලෙස අවස්ථා ගණනාවකදී අප සංගමය ඉල්ලීම් කර ඇතත් ඒ සම්බන්ධව සාකච්ඡාවකට නොකැඳවීම හෝ කිසිදු ප‍්‍රතිචාරයක් නොදැක්වීම සම්බන්ධව ලංකා ගුරු සේවා සංගමය දැඩි විරෝධය පල කර සිටිමු.

ඔබගේ උපදෙස් මත විභාග දෙපාර්තමේන්තුව අවස්ථා කීපයකදී කල් දැමු මෙම විභාගය පාසල් ආරම්භ කිරීමෙන් පසු ගුරුවරුන්, විදුහල්පතිවරුන්ගෙන් හා දෙමව්පියන් සමඟ සාකච්ඡා කර කඩිනමින් තීරණයක් දැනුම් දෙන බව පැවසුව ද එය තවත් සතියකින් කල් දමා ඇති බව කැබිනට් තීරණ දැනුම් දීමේ මාධ්‍ය හමුවේදී ප‍්‍රකාශ කර ඇත. මෙම තත්වය, පටු දේශපාලන වාසි වෙනුවෙන් යොදා ගනිමින් පසු ගිය මැතිවරණයේදී ගෝඨාභය රාජපක්‍ෂ පාර්ශවය වෙනුවෙන් මැදිහත් වු උපකාරක පන්ති ගුරුවරුන් කීප දෙනෙකු සම්බන්ධ කර ගනිමින් මෙම ගැටලූ පිලිබඳව සිදු කල සාකච්ඡාවට අධ්‍යාපන ලේකම් මෙන්ම විභාග කොමසාරිස්වරයා ඇතුලූ රාජ්‍ය නිලධාරීන් කැඳවමින් ඔවුන්ගේ වෘත්තිය ගරුත්වය කෙලෙසීම පිලිබඳවද අප සංගමය විරෝධය පල කරමු.

තවද ඔබ ඇතුලූ අධ්‍යාපන අමාත්‍යංශය මෙම අවස්ථා යොදා ගනිමින් මාධ්‍ය සංදර්ශන මෙන්ම පදනම් විරහිත සමීක්ෂණ පවත්වමින් කල් මැරීම මෙවර විභාගයට පෙනී සිටින ලක්‍ෂ 4 කට ආසන්න වන සිසු දරුවන්ට වර්තමාන අධ්‍යාපන අමාත්‍යවරයා ලෙස සිදු කරමින් සිටිනුයේ බලවත් අසාධාරණයක් බවද අවධාරණය කරමු.

එමෙන්ම කොරෝනා වසංගතය හමුවේ පාසල් හා උපකාරක පන්ති සම්පුරණයෙන් වසා දැමීමෙන් පසු අධ්‍යාපන අමාත්‍යංශයේ නිවේදන හා චක‍්‍රලේඛ වලට අනුව අන්තර්ජාල පහසුකම් යටතේ සිදු කල අධ්‍යයන කටයුතු ඉතා අඩු සීමාවක සිදු වු නමුත් සාතිශය බහුතරයක් සිසුන් හා ගුරුවරුන් අදාල ක‍්‍රියාවලියකට අනුගත නොවු බව ඔබ හොඳින් දන්නා කරුණකි.

එහෙයින් තව දුරටත් පටු දේශපාලන උවමනාවන් වෙනුවෙන් මෙම සිසු දරුවන්ව පීඩාවට පත් නොකොට ඔවුන්ගේ අතපසු වු අධ්‍යයන කටයුතු සැලසුම් කර ගැනීමට සාධාරණ අවස්ථාවක් හා ලබා දෙමින් අදාල විභාගයට කඩිනමින් දින නියම කරන ලෙස ලංකා ගුරු සේවා සංගමය නැවතත් බල කර සිටිමු.

ස්තූතියි.

මෙයට,
විධායක සභාව වෙනුවෙන්,
මහින්ද ජයසිංහ,
ප‍්‍රධාන ලේකම්,
ලංකා ගුරුසේවා සංගමය.

පිටපත්
01.
ලේකම්අධ්‍යාපන අමාත්‍යංශය
02.
විභාග කොමසාරිස්විභාග දෙපාර්තමේන්තුව

THANK YOU, THE NATIONALIST MINDED TRADE UNIONS,

July 3rd, 2020

RANJITH SOYSA

We have reached an unenviable situation as regards the Eastern Terminal of the Colombo harbour that we are unable to move ahead, We are told that that it is due to the agreement entered into with India by the previous government and also it is reported that the pressure is exerted by a powerful local company and a ,multi-national conglomerate,

Whatever is the reason, we request Sri Lankan government led by the exemplary leadership of the President not to blink but to convince all the pressure groups that Sri Lanka is no longer for sale, The country’s assets must be used fully for the benefit of its poor citizens now affected by the Covid 19 lockdowns etc. Ever cent is invaluable in our war to save the economy of the country. ECT will be a star earner of foreign exchange with its capacity to handle bigger ships. New opportunities will be created for shipping in the post Corvid period.

It is heartening to note that the Trade Unions in the Port of Colombo are determined to protect this national treasure from falling into foreign control by stressing on the right reasons. We remember in the fifties when the Ports were nationalized how the trade unions acted positively and again after nearly 65 years the trade union movement in the Port has adopted a nationalist stance in preserving the important economic artery. As long as the trade unions are unanimous in their demand , the other powerful forces will be required to fall in line as they  cannot undermine the people’s power.

It is up to the Government to take the right decision to clear the gantry cranes and fix it as soon as possible to get the ECT giant to perform its tasks for the higher productivity of the Nation battling the Covid 9 implications.

RANJITH SOYSA

විරැකියාවට සහ සමාජ රැකවරණය සඳහා ස්ථාවර විසඳුම් ඉල්ලා සිටීමේ යෝජනා

July 3rd, 2020

නිදහස් වෙළඳ කලාප සහ පොදු සේවා සේවක සංගමය

2020 ජූලි 02 වන දින

ප්‍රධාන ධාරාවේ සියලූ දේශපාලන පක්ෂ වෙත

නායකතුමා,
ප්‍රධාන ලේකම් තුමා,

විරැකියාවට සහ සමාජ රැකවරණය සඳහා ස්ථාවර විසඳුම් ඉල්ලා සිටීමේ යෝජනා

ඔබ අප කවුරුත් පසුගිය මාස 03 ට වැඩි කලක් බිඳ වැටුණු ආර්ථීක කි්‍රයාවලියක, සුපුරුදු දෛනික ජීවිතය සඳහා අවකාශයක් නොලැබුණු කෝවිඩ්-19 වසංගතය පැතිරීම වළක්වා ගැනීම වෙනුවෙන් නිවෙස් තුල කොටු වූ කාලයක් ගත කළෙමු. කෝවිඩ්-19 පැතිරීම පාලනය කිරීමේදී එය සැළකිය යුතු ආකාරයකින් සාර්ථක වූ බැව් පිළිගත යුත්තෙමු.

එසේ වූවත් මේ රට කෝවිඩ්-19 හේතුවෙන් බරපතල ආර්ථීක අර්බූදයකට තල්ලූ වූ බැව් අද විවෘතව කතා කෙරෙන්නකි. එහි බර විශාල වශයෙන් කර ගැසීමට සිදුව ඇත්තේ පොදුවේ රජයේ, අර්ධ රාජ්‍ය සහ පෞද්ගලික අංශයේ වැටුප් ලබන සේවක සේවිකාවන්ටය. විශේෂයෙන් අපනයන ක්ෂේත්‍රයේ සේවක සේවිකාවන්ටය. මේ වන විට දළ වශයෙන් 30,000 ට වැඩි එවන් පිරිසකගේ රැකියා අහෝසි කර ඇත. ඉදිරියේ තවත් පිරිස් රැකියා අහිමි වීමේ අනතුරට මුහුණ දෙනු ඇත.

දැනට මේ මට්ටමින් හෝ රැකියා ආරක්ෂා වන්නේ කම්කරු ඇමති දිනේශ් ගුණවර්ධනගේ මූලිකත්වයෙන් පිහිටුවා ඇති කෝවිඩ්-19 බලපෑම් හා රැකියා සම්බන්ධ ත්‍රෛපාර්ශවීය කාර්ය සාධක බලකාය සහ ජාතික කම්කරු උපදේශක සභාව මැදිහත්වීමෙන් පැමිණි තෙමසකට වලංගු සම්මුතිය හේතුවෙනි. ඒ සමග කෝවිඩ්-19 වසංගතය හේතුවෙන් කිසිදු සේවකයෙකු වැටුප් ලේඛනයෙන් ඉවත් නොකළ යුතු යැයි ආණ්ඩුව විසින් ගනු ලැබූ ප්‍රතිපත්තිමය ස්ථාවරයද විය.

රැකියා අහිමිවීමේ අවදානම යනු අලූත් රැකියා උත්පාදනය වන්නේ නැති බව සහතික කිරීමකි. එබැවින් ඉදිරි විරැකියාවද අප දැඩි සේ අවධාරණය කරන්නකි. එය අමතක කර යා නොහැක.

එවගේම, කෝවිඩ්-19 වසංගතයෙන් ලොවට ඉගැන්වූ වැදගත්ම පාඩම ලෙස අප දකින්නේ, ගෝලීය හා දේශීය නිෂ්පාදනයට හවුල්වන සියල්ලන්ගේ ජීවිත සුරක්ෂාව සහතික කිරීමේ ස්ථීර සමාජ රැකවරණ ක්‍රම තිබිය යුතු බවත්, විරැකියාව සඳහා මාසික දීමනාවක් සමග ඔවුන්ට රැකියා ලබා ගැනීමේ අවකාශ පුළුල් කිරීමේ වෘත්තීය පුහුණුවීම් පාඨමාලා සකසා දිය යුතුය යන කාරණාවත් ය.

ඒ අනුව, කෝවිඩ්-19 පාලනය කර ගැනීමෙන් පසු එළැඹෙන ඊළග යුගයේ රාජ්‍ය සේවයේ, අර්ධ රාජ්‍ය අංශයේ සහ පෞද්ගලික අංශයේ සියලූ සේවක සේවිකාවන් සඳහාත් විරැකියාවට හසුවන සියල්ලන් සඳහාත් සමාජ රක්ෂණය හා රැකවරණය සඳහා අපි මෙලෙසින් යෝජනා ඉදිරපත් කරමු.

  1. පාසල් හා විශ්ව විද්‍යාල අධ්‍යාපනයෙන් පසු ශ්‍රම බලකායට එකතුවන සියල්ලන්ටරැකියාවක් ලැඛෙන තුරු ඔවුන්ගේ යැපීම වෙනුවෙන් මාසික විරැකියා දීමනාවක් සහ ඔවුන්ගේ තේරීම අනුව කුසලතා වර්ධන ශිල්පීය පුහුණුවීම් පාඨමාලා ආණ්ඩුව විසින් ලබා දිය යුතු ය. zzවිරැකියා දීමනාවZZ, ඉදිරි උද්ධමන තත්ත්වයන්ද සළකා වර්තමාන මාසික අවම වැටුපට සරිලන ලෙස රුපියල් 15,000 ක් විය යුතු යැයි අපි යෝජනා කරමු.
  2. පෞද්ගලික ක්ෂේත්‍රයෙහි සේවක සේවිකාවන් ඔවුන්ගේ රැකියා සම්බන්ධයෙන් මුහුණ දෙන නුදුරු අනාගත අවදානම සමග මේ සමාජයේ ඇතිවන බරපතල අවිනිශ්චිතය වැඩිමනත් බලපාන්නේ විශ්‍රාම යෑමත් සමගින්ය. ඔවුන්ගේ විශ්‍රාමික ජීවිතය රැකගෙන යාම සඳහා ඔවුන්ට එකවර ලැඛෙන සේවක අර්ථසාධක අරමුදලේ ඔවුන්ගේ සාමාජික තැන්පතු මුදලට අමතරව මාසික zzසමාජ රැකවරණයක්ZZ තිබිය යුතුය. ඒ සඳහා ඔවුන්ට මාසිකව රුපියල් 15,000 ක zzසමාජ රැකවරණZZ දීමනාවක් ලබා දිය යුතු යැයි අපි යෝජනා කරමු.
  3. සමාජ රැකවරණ දීමනාවන් ලබා දීම සඳහා නිත්‍ය අරමුදලක් පාර්ලිමේන්තු පනතකින් පිහිටු විය යුතු යැයිද, ඒ සඳහා සථාවර අරමුදලක් වෙනුවෙන් වාර්ෂිකව අපනයන නිෂ්පාදන ක්ෂේත්‍රයේ ආයෝජන සඳහා දෙනු ලබන විවිධ බදු සහන මගින් ආණ්ඩුව අත හැර දමන ආදායමින් අවම සියයට 05 ක ප්‍රතිශතයක් නැවත සමාජ රැකවරණ අරමුදල සඳහා ලබා ගන්නා මෙන්ද අපි යෝජනා කරමු.

මෙම යෝජනා ඔබගේ මැතිවරණ ව්‍යාපාරයේ ප්‍රධාන පොරොන්දු ලෙස වහා ප්‍රකාශයට පත් කරන මෙන් අපි මෙයින් ඉල්ලා සිටිමු.

ස්තුතියි.

මෙයට විශ්වාසි

ඇන්ටන් මාකස්
සම ලේකම්
නිදහස් වෙළඳ කලාප සහ
පොදු සේවා සේවක සංගමය

AG’s Dept. says will raise preliminary objections

July 3rd, 2020

Courtesy The Daily Mirror

The Attorney General’s Department yesterday informed Supreme Court that it would raise preliminary objections against the Fundamental Rights petition filed seeking an order to immediately arrest Former LTTE commander and armed group leader Vinayagamoorthy Muralitharan alias ‘Karuna Amman’ over a controversial statement he made recently.

Senior Deputy Solicitor General Haripriya Jayasundara appearing for the Attorney General told court that she is expecting to raise preliminary objections against the petition since it had not been filed within the time period stipulated in the Constitution.

However, counsel Yalith Wijesurendra appearing for the petitioner submitted to court that his client is challenging the offensive statement made by Karuna Amman for making a hate speech, which could be punishable under International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) Act.

Supreme Court two-judge-bench comprising Justice Priyantha Jayawardena and Justice Vijith Malalgoda fixed petition to be taken up for support on September 28.

President says agriculture will be country’s priority

July 3rd, 2020

Courtesy Adaderana

President Gotabaya Rajapaksa says that agriculture will be country’s priority after resolving number of persisting issues and shortcomings affecting it.

Issues such as shortage of water supply and fertilizer for agriculture are being addressed by the government, he said. Failure to make payments due to suppliers on time has resulted in delay in the importation of fertilizers. 

The absence of a proper market and a price for their produce has rendered the farmers helpless. The President stresses that he will address these issues and will take steps to protect the farming community.

President Rajapaksa made these remarks joining the Sri Lanka Podu Jana Peramuna (SLPP) election campaign in Anuradhapura, today (July 03).

The President who visited the Thammannawa Nidahas Uyana village in Thalawa, engaged in a cordial discussion with the residents of the area and inquired into their well-being.

President Rajapaksa also looked into the requirements for improving water supply facilities of Eeriyagama tank.  The president has given instructions to the Resident Manager to take steps to provide solutions for the prevailing issues.

Minister S.M. Chandrasena and former Chief Minister of the Province, S.M. Ranjith were present on this occasion.

The President also joined the public gathering organized near Kala Wewa in support of the former Minister Duminda Dissanayake.

President Rajapaksa sought the views of the public regarding the current condition of the road construction activities as well as their agricultural activities.

The President also paid homage to the Kadawara Devalaya near the tank bund. 
President Rajapaksa who visited the Kekirawa Town joined a public gathering held in Kumbuk Sevena area. That was organized in support of SLPP candidate Mr. Weerasena Gamage.

The Maha Sangha of the area, other religious leaders and people living in the area were in attendance. The President who was seen engaged in a very cordial discussion with them paid his attention to the issues faced by the farming community particularly the issue of water scarcity.

People in the area who represent a number of ethnic groups informed the President cultural issues they faced.

The Kekirawa Trade Association handed over a set of proposals relating to the development of the area, to President Rajapaksa.

The President also observed construction works of the Ganadevi Kovil. 

The President joined in another public gathering held in Galkulama area Mihintale in support of SLPP candidate T.M. R. Siripala.

The President who engaged in a very cordial discussion with the Maha Sangha and the public drew his attention to the issues of the area.

-PMD

How a retired bank employee helped drug traffickers transfer millions.

July 3rd, 2020

Courtesy Adaderana

The suspect arrested by Dehiwala Police with more than 1 kg of heroin and Rs 235,000 in cash has been identified as one the agents of the large-scale drug racket run by imprisoned drug trafficker ‘Mervyn Jana’.

Senior DIG, the Western Province Deshabandu Tennakoon stated that the police investigated their bank accounts it was discovered that large sums of money had been deposited to a bank account, which was under the name of a 65-year-old man living in the home of the drug trafficker.

He stated that the owner of the bank account was arrested yesterday and that when they checked his account details, it was uncovered that a around Rs 140 million in total had been deposited into this account during the period between 15-07-2019 and 26-06-2020.

He said that the day after this suspect was arrested a sum of Rs 1.9 million which was remained in the account had been transferred to another account and acting immediately the police had frozen this account.

Tennakoon said that investigations are now ongoing with the assistance of the Criminal Investigations Department (CID) to determine as to where this Rs 140 million ended up and in whose hands.

Parallel to this, another suspect was arrested yesterday in the Werahera area, the Senior DIG said, adding that this individual is a retired bank employee and that he had operated a business similar to a bank branch.

He said that when drug dealers come and handover their money to this suspect, he accepts that money and carries out transaction to necessary bank accounts using the funds in his account.

According to the data from his computer, a sum of around Rs 6.5 million had been transferred to the bank accounts of drug racketeers through his account within a period of a month.

The Senior DIG said that several steps have been taken to bring back criminals from Sri Lanka who are currently overseas and that the members of these criminal gangs will be identified and investigated.

CID team records 4-hour long statement from Ranil on bond scam

July 3rd, 2020

Courtesy Adaderana

The team of Criminal Investigations Department (CID) officers has left the residence of former Prime Minister Ranil Wickremesinghe after recording a statement.

Ada Derana reporter said that the CID team left the ex-Premier’s residence after recording a statement for around 4 hours, regarding the Central Bank treasury bond scam. 

The CID team had arrived at Wickremesinghe’s residence at around 4.00 p.m. today in order to record a statement.

On June 18, the Attorney General had instructed the Acting IGP to record statements from former President Maithripala Sirisena and former Ranil Wickremesinghe over the Central Bank (CBSL) Bond Scam.

In addition to the former President and Prime Minister, statements are also expected to be recorded from the former Advisor to the Prime Minister S. Paskaralingam and the former General Manager of People’s Bank.

Two (02) more persons confirmed for Covid -19: SL Country total increases to 2,069

July 3rd, 2020

Courtesy Hiru News

Two (02) more persons have tested positive for Covid-19 (new coronavirus) infection.

The country total has increased to 2,069 according to the latest information by the Epidemiology unit of the Ministry of Health.

One (01) more person confirmed for Covid -19: SL Country total increases to 2,067

Police committed a mistake by stopping investigations on match fixing – Mahindananda Aluthgamage

July 3rd, 2020

Courtesy Hiru News

Former Minister of sports Mahindananda Aluthgamage says that the police committed a mistake by stopping investigations on match fixing allegations &amp; request the President to carry out a thorough investigation.&nbsp;

We never said MCC has given money – Prof. Lalithsiri Gunaruwan, Chairman of the MCC Agreement Review Committee (Video)

July 3rd, 2020

Courtesy Hiru News

According to Prof. Lalithsiri Gunaruwan, Chairman of the MCC Agreement Review Committee although two agreements had been signed in preparation for the MCC agreement, the committee had never stated that the money had been received.

He said this participating at a press conference held at the Government Information Department today.

Meanwhile, another suggestion was expressed at a press conference convened by the National Front of Professionals,

Rajitha Senaratne responds to Wijedasa Rajapakse – Video

July 3rd, 2020

Courtesy Hiru News

Rajitha Senaratne responded to former minister Wijedasa Rajapakse who said at a press conference that former MP Rajitha Senaratne had obtained money from Avant Garde.

Easter attack update – how the copper reached the suicide bombers factory

July 3rd, 2020

Courtesy Hiru News

The Presidential Commission to Investigate the Easter Attack revealed today that a public relations director of former President Maithripala Sirisena has asked the Industrial Development Board to supply 500 tons of copper to the Cinnamon grand hotel Bomber’s copper factory.

That was when the Secretary to the Ministry of Industry and Commerce gave evidence before the Commission.

Former Secretary to the Ministry of Industry and Commerce K.D Ranjith Asoka, who is presently serving as the Additional Secretary to the Ministry of Public Administration and Home Affairs, testified before the Commission.

The witness stated that a three-member committee had been appointed by the Industrial Development Board to look into how scrap metal was issued to the Colossus copper factory in Wellampitiya owned by M.I. Insaaf Ahmed the suicide bomber at the Cinnamon Grand Hotel, Colombo.

The witness told the commission that it had been revealed that the former Chairman of the Industrial Development Board Mahinda Jinasena had instructed to issue a large quantity of scrap metal to Colossus.

There were 25 foreign nationals in the Colossus organisation owned by the suicide bomber. Among them were a Nepalese, two Bangladeshis and the rest were Indians.

The Commission inquired whether the then Minister of Industry and Commerce Rishad Bathiudeen had a relationship with Inshaf Ahmed

The witness stated that although one of Mr. Insaaf Ahmed’s accountants visited the ministry frequently, he did not know whether there was any connection between the Minister and Inshaf.

The witness further stated that they had applied to the Industrial Development Board on several occasions to obtain scrap metal at concessionary rates and he identified two such occasions.

At one point, Shantha Bandara, the Public Relations Director of former President Maithripala Sirisena, had informed the Industrial Development Board that Colossus was to be supplied with 500 tonnes of copper.

Another witness, Devika Liyanage, a senior assistant secretary to the Ministry of Defence, had also informed the Industrial Development Board in a letter to issue Colossus 1000 kilograms of brass.

The Commission questioned whether it was revealed at some point that the scrap metal purchased by Colossus from the Industrial Development Board had been exported to foreign countries.

The witness stated that such materials have been exported to foreign countries through which foreign exchange has been generated. The Commission then asked whether he knew that the money earned into the country as a foreign exchange was used for extremist purposes.

The witness stated that he now knows about it.

Prime Minister says a group of people are making plans to topple the government

July 3rd, 2020

Courtesy Hiru News

Prime Minister Mahinda Rajapaksa says that a group has been making plans to topple the government since Mr. Gotabhaya Rajapaksa became president.

Addressing a public rally held in Beliatta today, the Prime Minister said that everyone should support to take the President’s program forward.

Public trust in the institution has been tarnished – AG tells the Police

July 3rd, 2020

Courtesy Hiru News

Attorney General Dappula de Livera says that due to the incidents of the Police Narcotics Bureau, public trust in the institution has been tarnished.

He made this remark while delivering a special lecture to the Police Narcotics Bureau officials today.

The lecture was held at the DIG’s office in Colombo and the acting IGP had left the place without staying on.

Addressing the officials of the Narcotics Bureau, the Attorney General also expressed his views regarding the matter.

Although the Attorney General had previously asked the media to cover the event, journalists were not given the opportunity this morning.

Due to this, a heated conversation took place between the police officers who were deployed at the DIG’s office in Colombo and the journalists.

Meanwhile, the Director of the Police Narcotics Bureau, SSP Manjula Senarath has been transferred.

The National Police Commission states that approval has been granted to appoint SSP Sujith Wedamulla for the post.

Police Media Spokesperson SSP Jaliya Senaratne stated that a separate investigation is being carried out under the police disciplinary code.

Made In Sri Lanka Is Real, But Need More Work

July 2nd, 2020

Sunil Yatalamatta Gamage

Police officers should be held responsible if crimes including theft, murder or drug trafficking, were taking place in the areas coming under them’. GeneraL Kamal Gunaratna Defense Secretary

Four and half years of yahapalanaya”; rule had been a failure in many way to our country. Under the banner of Yahapalanaya” Our Central Bank was robbed, Our Christian people were murdered by decreasing the national security of the country via draining and jeopardizing the national intelligence, Hambantota Port was Sold, Indo lanka trade agreement was about to sign without any mandate of people, as the same Singapore trade agreement, the agricultural sector was embracing it’s natural death sentence, farmers were encouraged to grow Tulips and Roses, legislation for lesbian and same sex marriages, national forest preserves were cut down and living beings and their habitat were threatened, E.G Willpathtu, conspiring MCC treaty signing with US, Attaching our Maha Nayakaya and sanga society. Public strikes, trains strikes, postal strikes, tear gas and water canon for strikers, Parents were scared to send their children to schools. University students were picketing and unrest on daily basis. These were everyday practices and stories of past four and half years in our country. People must recall how much of uncertainty was in their lives past few years with Ranil and Mithree so called Yahapalanaya”. It was a stigma not to be forgotten easily by the general public. Ranil and the gang introduce mockery to governing constitution as he needed to stay in power to do more devastation to our country. I cannot be silent without recalling the past. That is what was happening to my beautiful country. Like every expatriate in the world, I love my country, and now the country is in the right direction with right leadership. I want every possible person to use their platform to educate public to win and vote for a leadership who will continue to develop the country through its resources and value.

In order to establish a law abiding society we need to practise tough rules for sometime until people obey the rules. Rules are prime forming a just society everywhere in the country. Discipline is quite essential quality or a present day skill we need to learn and practice whichever the stage of our lives.We talk discipline people; which means law abiding people. Which means if road sign says 60km/h, everybody need to aware we need to drive the vehicle 60km/h. Probably 5km above or less will not count as a big violation of law. But it is better to stick to that speed limit. If the people are walking on the right at the street speed limit must be maximum 50km/h or otherwise 30km/h is the speed. That is just a simple example of good practice. When we communicate we need to listen as much as possible rather than talking. Then we need to  aware how to listen attentively. We need to respect our parents, elders, teachers, values of others, etc. Think about the time we had gone through over the past 4 and half years. Do you remember the day our former prime minister Ranil Wickramasinge’s behavior in the parliament with his fellow politicians. He said Kauda hora” , then his followers said Rajapakse is the hora”. what this behavior make you aware. Ranil Wickramasinghe is a person more than 70 years old. His basic behavior and conduct in the parliament was very low and undisciplined. We all were watching this through media. Is this the behavior of responsible politicians. This is one of the reasons why people made aware  all the 225 politicians must be useless and utter waste of public money. There is no greatness in such a parliament. Hon President was exactly correct as he decided not to have those people summon to parliament again. Politicians need to be knowledgeable, disciplined, dedicated, trustworthy, committed, competent, respectful law abiding set of people who work as trustees to people of this country. That is why the incoming election is crucial judgement of people. We all need a country of safe for living and politicians of dedicated to protect its constitution and the land. We don’t want to hear divisive speeches of devolution of power again in the upcoming parliament. We want to hear people speak how they will improve our economy, we want to hear hear how they implement laws and orders to protect our forestry, we want to hear how they planning to improve the racial harmony between Our own Tamils, Sinhalese, Moslem s, We want to hear how they are planning to give the new life to our own industries like Valachenai paper mill. How they are planning to improve our fruit industry, How they are going to preserve  our  ancient historical sites and their integrity. Which will eventually gain our lost prestige lost proud again. It is not difficult to achieve. Our security forces achieve much difficult war against terrorism then why can’t we plan and work ourselves to achieve self sufficiency.

Right now only Sri Lankan military personnel only trustworthy based on the choice as well as circumstances by people. There is nothing wrong they have been entrusted more and more portfolios to carry on as they have proved by themselves as they are capable as well as won the hearts and minds of general public. Our military enormously respected by Sri Lankan people. Why is that for them. It is because they were the people established our national borders of the country. They are the people established the national security of the country. We all know how they did it and now they are dedicated to our security. People and Organizations respected and recognize for many achievements. However, there is significant difference between these two Words Anybody can identify recognition and respect are similar words. They apparently look same, but they are different in broad sense. The word recognition is for achievement of something. Mostly it is awarded as certificate or as a valued generous to admire. The recognition explodes in a big way at the time, and then forgotten later on. Probably the significance remains a shorter period of time. That is way I said it explodes and subside later on. But respect not like that; it reverberates as time goes on. It is because it stays in the hearts and minds of the people. Sri Lankan military stays in the hearts and minds of the people because of their contributions towards our motherland.  Even anything they involve to they did it with dedication , vision , guiding with values.  And the achievement through such a pathway is successful. And that success is a story for the country and for the people. That is the reason our military  has been respected by the people of the country.

According to current economic shifts and changes, the future economic prospects of a country will be on how safe the country to travel, stay, their hospitality and how much of bio diversity in that country ; all of these will depend the security; law and order of the country. The places in the world increasingly getting vulnerable and unsafe due to extremists, drug traffickers, religious troubles, racial communal unrest. Especially Asia Pacific region is getting more economic hot spot in the world , the security of that region getting more and more prime. Sri Lanka will be the main destination of many tourist, and cruise liners destination as world is looking for more and more places of safe and secure.

There is a huge potential to introduce brand new international news channel which will cover Asia and the world. It has to be born from a country like Sri Lanka. Such a news channel must prominently dedicated to cover the news of Asia. Right now world news channels doen’t do enough information, due their geo political interest and many more. The Asian news channel need to prepare Asian economic affairs and the world through this news channel. It is because Asian Pacific will be the next economic power center of the world. That is one of the method of getting rid of bogus news channel of BBC, CNN, Fox news etc. Asia Pacific region need a world news channel. This is the time for it. It has to be born from Sri Lanka.

These days all of our news channels broadcasting political discussions of upcoming election and views of politicians. Many people including myself find these discussions are useless and waste of time. They are just political discussions. I do not think most of these panel discussions with politicians bears any national importance to our country. People of this country are hungry of knowing of how this country will develop in economic, cultural, social sectors, planning and implementation of the policies in the next five years. It is necessary media platforms to use the concept to promote in a discussion style to aware the public. Only couple of channels are doing this national duty. Most of the channels are not doing the thing that they suppose to be doing. For example if we need to prosper in fruits; The sweet Green orange requirement for the country. We must invite expertise in agriculture sector and discuss how can we achieve the self sufficiency of green orange requirement to our country. Why this is important? Such a discussion will only be a perspective, but it will have the potential to be developed as an idea and develop further. Now we have a government looking for such opportunities and remember this is a people’ government. This is why made in Sri Lanka concept need to move forward. There is no point of discussing  MCC treaty, Politics in Sri lanka through Davasa” program. We do not need to hear what happen to the justice to drug dealers in the country. That is only a news. Please use your media platform to promote how can we achieve prosperity through self sufficiency in the areas of economy, culture, etc. Media Channels need to bring intelligent, academics, and thought leaders in to such discussions. We need to force those PhD holders into this type of projects and make use their intelligence put into work for the country.

We must need to promote our Sri Lankan entity heavily and aggressively around the world to gain the economic advantage to our country. We have everything for that to achieve. We need planning from a scratch starting with security. Security and safety must shift to focus to ensure individual safety and freedom from north to east without any scary to people. It is about safety culture. Right now we don’t have it. But for sure as there is a task force working round the clock to ensure the individual safety, we can hope it could be achieved.

I am compelled to write on Sri Lanka Police Narcotic Bureau division. According latest arresting of culprits involved in drug dealers in the country; above division front line officers are involved drug trafficking  hiding, & safe distribution of heroin throughout the network. It seems like the police officers involved into drug trafficking had been continuing the business for a long time. The police media spokesman says, when we recruit 100 people there may be 5 or 6 people; with in born hard to train people and every workplace is like that” This is a sensitive subject now it has gone to public awareness. I want to let this police officer;  when you know information worth content of a box. And when you suppose speak information circled in the box. Make sure you speak information within that circle. If you wish to continue to maintain the respect of police department. This has been a beyond dangerous development. We must be grateful being appointing a task force, which has more powers to investigate even police the chief.The immediate next step would have been the collapsing of the system. The end result would have been unimaginable; our country would have been a placed in the world map as a country of drug dealers. There could have been high way gun fights in our country among drug dealing groups. So if the president didn’t appoint the high powered panel of expertise to investigate the island wide narcotic and drug/heroin distribution system, the institutional officers involvement will never come to surface. So the question is what was our police chief doing all this time. He must resign otherwise must laid off from work immediately. People need to urge the government to do this and show the transparency of work. We want to see our country free from drugs dealers sooner than ever before. Making the legal network effective and efficient to bring those drug king pins to justice and the politicians involved into this business need to be revealed. This is a very good starting point to let the public aware which politicians involved in this business and sentence them. We are over looking many more investigations and their outcome. I will highlight something quite clear in this forum. People of this country are watching very closely; what is happening the investigation of Holy Sunday attach. We need to identify people behind this attach and prosecution through our justice system. We need to find brains behind bond scam, and prosecution through our justice system. If this is not going to happen it will be the starting point of falling of trust, people had kept on this government.

අනුර කුමාරගේ ඇවන්ට් ගාර්ඩ් වලිප්පුව.

July 2nd, 2020

චන්ද්‍රසේන පණ්ඩිතගේ

ජනතා විමුක්ති පෙරමුණ දේශපාලන පක්ෂයකි. මේ දේශපාලන පක්ෂය මෙරට සිටි උගත්, ඇති දක්ෂ තරුණයින් විසින් සිය ශක්තිය වැයකර ඉතා අසීරුවෙන් ගොඩනගන ලද එකම දේශපාලන ව්‍යාපාරයයි. මේ ව්‍යාපාරයට අප සම්බන්ධවුයේ, වර්ෂ 1967දිය. මෙය ගොඩනැංවීමට හේතුව මෙරට උගත් බුද්ධිමත් මිනිසුන් අතට රාජ්‍ය බලය ලබා ගැනීමයි.


ඒ වන විට පැරණි වාමාංශික ව්‍යාපාරයට වසර 30ක කාලයක් ගතව තිබුණි. එතරම් දිගුකාලයක් ගතව තිබුනද රාජ්‍ය බලය ගැනීමට තරම් ඔවුන් ප්‍රබල ස්ථානයක නොසිටියහ. එබැවින් නව වාමාංශික ව්‍යාපාරයක් ගොඩනැංවීමට එම තරුණයින් උත්සුක වුහ. ඇත්තටම ඒ වනවිට මෙරට ජන හදවත්වල වාමාංශික ව්‍යාපාරය පැල පදියම් වී නොතිබුණි. ඒ එවකට සිටි වාමන්ශිකයින් බෞද්ධ විරෝධී පදනමක හා සිංහල විරෝධී පදනමකද  සිටි බැවිණි.

නව වාමාංශික ව්‍යාපාරය මාක්ස්වාදය රටේ ස්වශේෂිත්වයට අනුකුලව ගලප්වන බව කියා සිටියහ.ඒ වන විට අපි දන්නා මාක්ස්වාදයක් නොතිබුණි. අපි සිටියේ මාක්ස්වාදයට එරෙහි කදවුරේය. නමුත් අපේ කදවුර සම්බන්ධව අපිටද කල කිරීමක් තිබී නව දේශපාලනයක් සොයමින් සිටි බැවින් මේ හා බද්ධ විය..අපි කිසි දිනෙක නායකයාව දැක නොතිබුණි. අපට,

1.ආර්ථික අර්බුදය.
2.ඉන්දියන් ව්‍යාප්තවාදය.
3.නිදහස.
4.වාමාංශික ව්‍යාපාරය
5. ශ්‍රී ලංකාවේ විප්ලවය ගත යුතු මග

යන පන්ති වලින් සන්නද්ධ කර තිබුණි. අපි සිදුකලේ කිසිවෙක් නොහඳුන දේශපාලනයකි. අපි තරුණයින් වශයෙන් හැමතැනකම ආක්‍රමණය කළහ. සංවාදවලට ගියේ හොයාගෙනය. අපි චීන තානාපති කාර්යාලය, රුසියන් සංස්කෘත මධ්‍යස්ථානය, උතුරු කොරියන් තානාපති සේවාව, යන සාම තැනකම හිදිමින් ඒ ඒ ආයතන වලින් අපට ගත හැකි, දැනුම වඩවන හැම දෙයක්ම හත්හ. ඒ සමගම අපි සියලු දෙනාම අප වටා තිබුන බැදීම් වලින්ද මිදීමට කටයුතු කළහ.අපට තිබුනේ එකම අරමුණකි, ඒ “මවුබිම නැත්නම් මරණය” යන්නයි.ඒ එදා නිර්ධන පන්ති සටන් කරුවන්ගේ ස්වරූපයයි.

අපේ අභිලාශය වුයේ, සටන ජයග්‍රහණය හෝ මරණය යන්නයි.අපි නොසිතු වෙලාවක නායකත්වය සිරගතව සිටින වෙලාවක, සටනට කැඳවීමක් ලැබුණි.පවතී තත්වය තුල අපට සැකයක් ඇතිවුවද, සාමුහිකව කරන මේ ක්‍රියාදාමයට එක්වීමු. අදත් අපි ඒ සම්බන්ධව කනගාටු නොවෙමු ඒ අපට ලැබුන චෝදනා පත්‍රයේ සටහන්ව ඇත්තේ

“බ්‍රිතාන්‍ය මහා රැජිනට එරෙහිව කැරලි ගැසීම ” ලෙසය.

අපි එය සතුටින් පිළිගනිමු. අපි අපේ විරුවන් අනුව යමින් බ්‍රිතානයේ මහා රැජිනගේ ආධිපත්යෙන් මිදීමට කැරලි ගැසුවන් ලෙස සතුරා විසින්ම අපව හදුන්වා තිබීම නිසාය.

දැන් අපිට ප්‍රශ්නයක් ඇත. අප වරක් නොව දෙවරක් මේ රටේ අරගල කල තරුණයින්ගෙන් යුතු පක්ෂයක් ගොඩ නැගුවත්, වර්තමානයේ මේ සිදුවෙමින් පවතින්නේ කුමන තත්වයක පත්වූ ජනතා විමුක්ති පෙරමුනක්ද යන්නයි.

මේ වන විට මේ පක්ෂයට වසර 55ක ආයු ගෙවා දමා ඇත. වයස 30ක සිටි ලංකා සම සමාජ පක්ෂය පන්නා දැමීමට කටයුතු කල ජනතා විමුක්ති පෙරමුණට දැන් ප්‍රකාශ කිරීමට ඇත්තේ තමන් මෙරට ජනතාව වෙනුවෙන් මේ දක්වා සිදුකර ඇත්තේ කුමක්ද කියාය.

උත්තරය වන්නේ කිසිත් නැත කියාය. දැන් මේ පක්ෂයට පන්ති සටන අමතකව ගොස් ඇත. පන්ති සහයෝගිතාවය ඉස්මතුකොටගෙන මෙරට ඉතිහාසයේ කිසිදු වාමාංශික දේශපාලන පක්ෂයක් සිදු නොකළ ආකාරයේ අධිරාජ්‍ය ගැති, පැහැර තුට්ටු දෙකේ දේශපාලන ව්‍යාපාරයක් නිර්මාණය කර ඇත. මොවුන්ට මාක්ස්වාදය අමතකව ඇත.සමාජ පරිනාමය ඉවතට විසිකොට දමා ඇත. මොවුන් පන්ති සතුරා ලෙස දකින්නේ, රාජපක්ෂ පවුලයි. මුළු දේශපාලනයම පවත්වාගෙන යන්නේ රාජපක්ෂ පවුල දුෂිත බව කියමිනි. විට අමතරව මොවුන්ට තව සතුරෙක්ද සිටි. ඒ අවන්ට් ගාර්ඩ් සමාගම හා එහි හිමිකරු නිශ්සංක සේනාධිපති මහතායි.

වසර 55ක් දේශපාලනය කල මේ පක්ෂය නිකම්ම නිකම් දේශපාලන කුපාඩිකම් පා කප්පන් ගන්නා චෞරයන් කණ්ඩායමක් ලැගුම්ගත් ගුබ්බෑයමක්  නිර්මාණය කර ඇත. මේ ගුබ්බෑයමේ  සැබෑ තතු දන්නා නිශ්ශංක සේනාධ්පති මහතාට පහර ගසමින්, ඔහු හා කිසිදු සංවාදයකට නොඑමින්, ඔහුව මගහරිමින් සිටින්නේ අපුරු රැඟුමක් පාමිණි.

ජනතාව පයින් ගසා එළවා දැමු එවුන් ජාතික ලැයිස්තුවෙන් පාර්ලිමේන්තුවට රිංගා රංගන රැගුම් නවතා ලිය යුතුය.මේ අධිරාජ්‍ය ගැති, හා ඉන්දීය දෙෂව්යාප්තවාදින් මෙහෙයන දේශපාලන පඹයින් පුළුස්සා විනාශ කිරීමට කාලය පැමිණ ඇත. ජනතාව මේ පරයින්ව එළවා දමන බව ඉතා විශ්වාස වන අතර, අනියම් අන්දමින් කුමක් හෝ සිදුකර එක ආසනයක් හෝ ලබා ගැනීමට ඉඩක් තිබේ. එසේ වුවොත් මෙරට ජනතාව මුදල් එකතුකර චන්ද පෙත්සමක් දමා යලි චන්ද ගණන් කිරීමට අවස්තාව උදාකරගෙන මුන්ව දේශපාලනයෙන් පලවා හරිය යුතුය.

“අධිරාජ්‍යවාදයට විනාශය – ජනතාවට විමුක්තිය.”

Last Stages of the Separatist War: Does Karuna Balance The Scale of LTTE Crimes?

July 2nd, 2020

By Lakshman I Keerthisinghe Courtesy Ceylon Today

During the last stages of the war, many in the Diaspora remained silent in the face of numerous LTTE violations, including holding tens of thousands of Tamils hostage in the Vanni, using violence to prevent their escape and forcibly recruiting children into their ranks. At the end, parts of the Diaspora appeared more concerned about preserving the political State of ‘Tamil Eelam’ than about the suffering of the civilian population trapped between two fighting forces.”  – (Para 418 – UNSG Panel of Experts Report)

UNHRC Statement

The Media reported the UNHRC issued a statement regarding the recent utterances of Vinyagamoorthy Muralitharan alias Karuna Amman at an Election meeting held in Batticaloa. According to Media reports he admitted to having killed 2,000 to 3,000 soldiers in a single day. The UNHRC stated We note that Karuna, former LTTE Commander & Government Minister is being questioned for alleged past crimes. He should also be investigated for the wholesale recruitment of child soldiers, a crime under international law. Accountability should apply to everyone in Sri Lanka.” There is no doubt that recruitment of child soldiers is a war crime of the worst order.

It is relevant to note the Government of Sri Lanka had four rounds of talks with the LTTE during the 31-year Separatist War, to give up arms and enter the political mainstream. The LTTE refused this offer and embarked on their objective of establishing a separate state in Sri Lanka by waging an armed conflict with Sri Lanka.

However, in 2004, Karuna, then LTTE’s Eastern Commander declared his intention to leave the LTTE and surrendered to the Government utilising the peace overtures. Karuna gave up the struggle for separatism and joined the political mainstream. At that time the LTTE was mistakenly perceived as ‘an invincible military foe’ by the international community and the Government and the public approved Karuna’s move. The Government welcomed Karuna’s move and his offer to assist the Armed Forces in defeating the LTTE. The LTTE meanwhile continued with their onslaught boasting about their invincibility. The 4th Eelam conflict caused a large number of casualties on both sides. 

LTTE held 1,000s of Tamils hostage

Therefore, for the UNHRC to single out Karuna alone for ‘war crimes’ is not justifiable and to disregard all the other militants who fought and committed heinous war crimes for the LTTE, especially till the end of the conflict after Karuna’s departure. It is apparent the UNHRC is holding a brief for the Tamil Diaspora against the Sri Lankan Government. It is obvious from the ‘UNHRC’ quote at the outset of this article, that after Karuna’s departure, the LTTE during the last stages of the ethnic conflict, held thousands of Tamils hostage and the Diaspora were more interested in their target for a separate state than the suffering of the vast numbers of Tamil civilians, who were trapped by the LTTE during the fighting

UNHRC must investigate Rudrakumaran and  Surenthiran

T. Rudrakumaran and Suren Surenthiran of the Diaspora have been the most vociferous against the Sri Lankan Government supporting the LTTE during the sessions of the UNHRC. As they amongst many others have been financiers, propagandists and theoreticians of the LTTE and supported all activities of the LTTE in Sri Lanka, the UNHRC should take them to task for recruitment of child soldiers and other terrorist activities of the LTTE rather than singling out Karuna who helped the Sri Lankan forces to overcome the LTTE in many ways despite his past misdemeanors. 

This recent attempt by the UNHRC even without the backing of the US at the behest of the Diaspora attempting to avenge the defeat of the LTTE, is indeed shameful as the UN never ventured to help the Sri Lankan state during the nearly three decade long ethnic conflict engulfing our motherland. Some of these western powers just kept vigil until the LTTE succeeded in separating Sri Lanka in to parts in order to step in to gain undue advantage from such a miserable situation.

All peace loving Sri Lankans irrespective of race, creed or political differences should endeavour to forget and forgive the past mistakes and resolve to live in peace and harmony as one nation. Buddha in his discourses has advocated loving kindness to all living beings even by forgiving Angulimala for his past sins and indicating the correct path. All elected leaders whoever they may be must assist our motherland to tread such correct path.

In conclusion, what has occurred in the past is now history. Sri Lankans should take a lesson from the past and our people should look forward to a safe and prosperous future in our motherland presently fast overcoming the COVID-19 pandemic.

 The writer is an Attorney-at-Law with LLB, LLM, MPhil.(Colombo)[email protected]

Notes to the People: NO to the MCC

July 2nd, 2020

By Sumanasiri Liyanage Courtesy Ceylon Today

The two seemingly unrelated events became quite important in understanding the emerging trends in the Indian Ocean Region (IOR). The first was the simmering tension that has been prevailing in the border between India and China turned into face-to-face fighting between two sides broke out in the Galwan Valley on 15 June. The Line of Actual Control (LAC) between China and India runs from east to west for some 4,057 kilometres.

As BBC reported, at least 20 Indian soldiers were killed in a clash with Chinese forces in a disputed Himalayan border area. No details about Chinese casualties. The second was the handing over of the final report of the committee appointed by President Gotabaya Rajapaksa to investigate on the proposed Millennium Challenge Corporation (MCC) agreement.   

Events and Structures

Historians and social scientists incessantly debate on the relationship between events and structures. A standard dictionary defines events as happening or occurrence of any kind. It was customary to say that describing and analysing an event is a task of the historians while the specific task of the social scientists is to decipher social structure. Historians like Fernand Braudel are against this bifurcation. For him, an event is a mere froth on the waves of history. Hence, history should study geographical, ecological, and mental structures of long duration and how different elements or constituent parts (like economy, demography and politics) are conjoined. Marshal Sahlins puts it crystal clear in the following words: Structure is to the event as the social to the individual, the essential to the accidental, the recurrent to the idiosyncratic, the visible to the invisible, the lawful to the aleatory, the quotidian to the extraordinary, the silent to the audible, the anonymous to the authored, the normal to the traumatic, the comparable to the unique.”

Hence, the task of either a social historian or a social scientist is to look for underlying forces that worked beneath the surface. Some events are epoch-creating. Events may look accidental, but they demonstrate the strength, as well as the weakness of the structure within which they operate. Moreover, events are not isolated; they are linked with multiple events in the past so that to understand them they should be situated in their proper context. Only then their distant linkages may be diagnosed. It is in such a perspective that this column proposes to look at these two recent events.

Indo-China Border Conflict

Let me first deal with Event 1, i.e., the recent escalation of border conflict between India and China in Galwan Valley. Commenting on the event Achin Vanaik has to say this: To understand why these hostilities have broken out now, one must look beyond the immediate conditions on the border to the shifting bilateral relations between the two countries. This, in turn, cannot be separated from a survey of the historically evolving geopolitical ambitions of the two countries, and their respective ties and arrangements with other powerful States”. Of course, there are two drivers that would lead to border disputes between countries with common border, land or sea. They are: (1) nationalism and (2) Imperial domination in its many varieties. Both are in operation in India and China. However, as far as the border disputes are concerned, India’s record is worse than that of China. Vanaik notes: it further bears mentioning that China, which shares a border with fourteen countries, has resolved its land-border disputes with all but India. Of India’s six land neighbours, disputes remain with five of them — excluding only Bhutan”.

Indo-China relations worsened not because of the tension at the Border States but because of outside intrusion into the IOR in the guise of encountering Chinese influence in the IOR. As Vanaik has noted the China factor has divided Indian foreign policy establishment. He writes: ‘One group (the largest) argues that India must further consolidate and deepen its relations with the United States and the Quadrilateral Security Dialogue — QSD or the ‘Quad,’ consisting of the United States, Japan, Australia, and India. 

A second group somewhat problematically proposes that India pursue closer relationships with the United States and the Quad, yet also seek to maximise its strategic autonomy and thereby achieve better relations with China, as if both courses of action are compatible through some form of brilliant diplomacy. 

A third group (easily the smallest) call on India to reconsider and reframe its current relationship with the United States and the Quad to become much more independent and non-aligned. The very coinage of Indo-Pacific Region by the US establishment is to get India into this quadrilateral security dialogue. India’s ambiguous position over China has been working as the third driver for the border tension. The US appears to be playing the same role that it played to destabilise West Asia, popularly known as the Middle East, now in the IOR.

Millennium Challenge Corporation

It is imperative to situate the MCC compact in this broader configuration of the IOR. Although Sri Lanka does not fall into the category of poor Nations, the US is keen to offer a US$ 480 million grant to Sri Lanka. This is in itself fishy. The committee report on the MCC has painted the MCC agreement as detrimental to national economy and will not contribute positively to alleviate poverty or to rejuvenate the economy. Nonetheless, in my opinion, the most important negative aspect of the MCC is its possible adverse impact on the country’s sovereignty. Although the US Government has denied that the MCC has nothing to with military agreements, as we all are aware it is an integral part of the overall Indo-Pacific strategy that entails three main elements (diplomacy, defence and development) associated with three major agreements namely Status of Forces Agreement (SOFA), Acquisition and Cross Servicing Agreement (ACSA) and MCC. 

As I and many others have shown, through the MCC compact and other associated agreements, the US seems to be trying to make Sri Lanka a part of and centre of the Quadrilateral Security Dialogue between the US, Japan, Australia and India while Taiwan plays second fiddle. Sri Lanka’s decision to sign the MCC compact would be tantamount to moving away from the non-aligned foreign policy that was embedded into our foreign policy discourse in the 1960s and the 1970s. Transcending beyond party affiliations, every citizen in Sri Lanka should say without any hesitation ‘NO’ to the MCC following the message conveyed by the Prof. Gunaruwan Committee. 

(The writer is a retired teacher of Political Economy at the University of Peradeniya.) E-mail: [email protected]By Sumanasiri Liyanage | Published: 2:00 AM Jul 3 2020

Need two thirds majority to amend Constitution: MR

July 2nd, 2020

Courtesy The Daily Mirror

A two-thirds majority in Parliament is needed at the forthcoming the General Elections to amend the Constitution in order to sort out issues in the country, Prime Minister and SLPP Leader Mahinda Rajapaksa said yesterday.

Speaking at an SLPP representatives’ meeting at Baddegama last morning, Mr. Rajapaksa said a good team was needed to execute the proposals made by President Gotabaya Rajapaksa during the presidential election campaign.

The country’s development, which was growing rapidly, collapsed during the previous government’s tenure. This was due to the fact that the President and the Prime Minister of Yahapalana Government represented two different camps. The President disregarded the Prime Minister and the Prime Minister didn’t pay attention to the President. As a result, the people suffered and not even a culvert was built,” he said.

Prime Minister Rajapaksa said a group of legislators who know how to get the job done should be elected to parliament. We have fielded a set of candidates who posses the knowledge of not only about the country buts also the world. They know how the world is evolving,” he said.

Ven. Baddegama Samitha Thera, Minister Dr. Ramesh Pathirana, Mohan P. Silva, Isuru Dodangoda, Sampath Athukorale and other SLPP members attended the meeting. (Lahiru Pothmulla)

Cabinet given a week to submit views on MCC review report

July 2nd, 2020

Courtesy Adaderana

President Gotabaya Rajapaksa has instructed all cabinet ministers to submit their views on the Lalithasiri Gunaruwan Review Report on the Millennium Challenges Corporation (MCC) agreement within a week.

Co-Cabinet Spokesman Minister Bandula Gunawardena mentioned this speaking at the press conference held to inform the Cabinet decisions taken yesterday (01).

Responding to a query by a journalist, Minister Gunawardena said that the Sri Lanka Government’s final decision regarding any deal is that Sri Lanka will not enter into any agreement that harms the constitution, law, or the national security.

He further says that, if a government takes diplomatic relations as a simple task, that would be a government of jokers.

Gunawardena said that while the MCC deal has not been signed, Sri Lanka has entered into the Status of Forces Agreement (SOFA) and Acquisition and Cross-Servicing Agreement (ACSA).

A discussion looking into the link between the SOFA, ACSA agreements, and the MCC deal will be held in the future, he added.

Colombo Port workers call off strike

July 2nd, 2020

Courtesy Adaderana

Employees at the Colombo Port have temporarily called off their indefinite strike over the Easter Terminal issue.

The strike, which started off this afternoon (02), was brought to a temporary halt after Prime Minister Mahinda Rajapaksa promised them a discussion on the matter.

Earlier today, President of the Sri Lanka Freedom Workers’ Union of the Ports Authority Prasanna Kalutarage stated that all trade unions of the Colombo Port had reached a joint decision to resort to strike action.

It was reported that the strike was launched in support of the protest fast launched by three trade unionists on top of a crane on Wednesday (01), protesting against the failure to fix three gantry cranes brought down from China at the Eastern Terminal of the port.

Mr Kalutarage stated that the strike will continue until authorities agree to fix the gantry cranes in the Eastern Terminal.

The Premier had noted on Wednesday that a final decision has not been taken to give the Eastern Terminal to India.

Sri Lanka Ports Authority (SLPA) had signed agreements with India and Japan to run the partially built East Terminal after dropping plans for a standard build-operate-transfer deal amid opposition from then President Maithripala Sirisena.

Five Kuwait arrivals add to coronavirus count in Sri Lanka

July 2nd, 2020

Courtesy Adaderana

Five more foreign arrivals have tested positive for the coronavirus infections, states the Department of Government Information.

The latest patients had recently returned from Kuwait, according to the Director-General of the Department.

With the new cases, a total of 12 new cases have been detected in the country within the day so far.

Thereby the total number of COVID-19 cases in Sri Lanka stands at 2,066.

Currently, 227 active cases are under medical care at selected hospitals across the country.

Meanwhile, with 79 more patients regaining health and being discharged from the hospital today (02), the tally of recoveries in the country has spiked to 1,827.

Sri Lanka has witnessed 11 deaths from the virus so far.

More foreign arrivals bring coronavirus case tally to 2,061

Seven individuals have tested positive for COVID-19 infection raising the total number of cases in the country, the Ministry of Health said.

The Director-General of the Government Information Department said that five among the latest cases have been detected among recent arrivals from Qatar.

Thereby, the total count of coronavirus-positive cases in the country is at 2,060 cases.

Currently, 222 active cases are under medical care at selected hospitals across the country.

Meanwhile, with 79 more patients regaining health and being discharged from the hospital today (02), the tally of recoveries in the country has spiked to 1,827.

Sri Lanka has witnessed 11 deaths from the virus so far.

සජිත් තමාටම අපහාස කරගත් බව කරුණා කියයි (වීඩියෝ)

July 2nd, 2020

උපුටා ගැන්ම  හිරු පුවත්

තමන් පසුගියදා සිදුකළ කතාවක් සංස්කරණය කර ප්‍රසිද්ධ කිරීමෙන් සමගි ජනබලවේගයේ නායක සජිත් ප්‍රේමදාස ඔහුටම අපහාස කර ගත් බව හිටපු පාර්ලිමේන්තු මන්ත්‍රී විනයාගමූර්ති මුරලිදරන් හෙවත් කරුණා අම්මාන් පවසනවා.

>ඔහු මේ බව කියා සිටියේ කලවංචිකුඩි ප්‍රදේශයේදී ඊයේ පැවති ජන හමුවකට එක්වෙමින්.

උණුසුම් වන දේශපාලන වේදිකාවේ පක්ෂ විපක්ෂ දේශපාලනඥයින් පළකළ අදහස් (වීඩියෝ)

July 2nd, 2020

උපුටා ගැන්ම  හිරු පුවත්

රනිල් වික්‍රමසිංහ හම්බන්තොට වරාය විකුණන්න යනකොට මිලදී ගන්න යන සමාගමට මහින්ද රාජපක්ෂ පාර්ලිමේන්තුවේදී අනතුරු අඟවපු බව ජාතික ජන බලවේගයේ අපේක්ෂක අනුර කුමාර දිසානායක පවසනවා.

ශ්‍රී ලංකා පොදුජන පෙරමුණේ අපේක්ෂක නිමල් සිරිපාල ද සිල්ලවා ජන හමුවකදී පැවසුවේ පසුගිය රජය කාලයේ සිදුකළ දේවල් සමාලෝචනය කර නීතිමය කටයුතු කරන බවයි.

තමන් පාර්ලිමේන්තුවේ නිදාගෙන නොසිටි බව ශ්‍රී ලංකා පොදුජන පෙරමුණේ අපේක්ෂක තේනුක විදානගමගේ පවසනවා.

ශ්‍රී ලංකා පොදුජන පෙරමුණේ අපේක්ෂක මහින්ද අමරවීර පවසන්නේ මනාප වලට කුළල් කා ගතහොත් තුනෙන් දෙකක ආණ්ඩුවක් හදන්න නොහැකි බවයි.

>පොහොට්ටුවේ පළුවක් ගලවලා සජිත් ප්‍රේමදාස අගමැති කරන බව සමගි ජන බලවේගයේ අපේක්ෂක විජිත් විජිතමුණි සොයිසා පවසනවා.

ශ්‍රී ලංකා පොදුජන පෙරමුණේ අපේක්ෂක ප්‍රසන්න රණතුංග පවසන්නේ විහිළු කාරයෝ  බලයට ඇවිත් රටම කෑව බවයි.  

රනිල්ගේ ලැයිස්තුව හදන්න මහින්ද රාජපක්ෂ උදව්කළ බවට සාක්ෂි තියෙන බව සමගි ජන බලවේගයේ අපේක්ෂක සුජීව සේනසිංහ පවසනවා.

හරක් වෙදෙකුගෙන් බෙහෙත් ගත් පුවතක් ගැන එක්සත් ජාතික පක්ෂ අපේක්ෂක මර්වින් සිල්වා හෙළිකළා.

තවත් පක්ෂ විපක්ෂ දේශපාලඥයින් පලකළ අදහස් පහතින්

Sampanthan and The Five Ishwarams of Lord Siva

July 1st, 2020

Prof. N.A.de S. Amaratunga

TNA leader S.Sampanthan in his letter to the President regarding the Presidential Task Force for Archaeological Heritage Management in the Eastern Province makes reference to a statement made by Paul E Peiris about the five Ishwarams of Lord Siva which are to be found  in the coastal regions of Jaffna, Trincomalee, Mannar, Chilaw and Devinuvara (The Island, 18.06.2020). Peiris’ statement is as follows; Long before the arrival of Vijaya there were in Lanka five recognized Ishwarams which claimed and received the adoration of  all India”.

Peiris made this statement  in a treatise he wrote in the Journal of  The Royal Asiatic Society, Vol.XXVI No. 70, 1917.  It has two parts and the relevant statement that Sampanthan quotes appears in Part 1 Chapter IV.  However, these Ishwarams have hitherto not featured in serious discussions pertaining to the Tamil ethnic problem and connected issues such as the history of Tamil settlements, the first inhabitants in the island, etc. As this matter has now been raised not only by Sampanthan but previously also by the former Chief Minister of the Northern Provincial Council, C.Vigneshwaran and as there is an intended political implication in their claims the subject needs serious attention. Further a discussion of the subject  may be critical at this juncture as the TNA in these election times is making overtures to the government.

The absence of mention of these Ishwarams in serious discussions up to now could mean that there is no evidence to prove these kovils existed prior to the arrival of Vijaya. Eminent scholars of the calibre of  K. Indrapala, K.M.de Silva, G.H.Peiris, K.N.O. Dharmadasa and others who had written about the early Tamil settlements, the Tamil Homeland issue, demographic changes in the Eastern Province, and the history of the claim that Tamils were the first inhabitants in Sri lanka do not mention these Ishwarams. They have not mentioned anything about these kovils though they do make reference to the work of historian Paul E. Peiris. 

In this regard first it may be pertinent and critical too to place  Peiris’ statement in its context. We must also see whether or not there is acceptable evidence that support his idea. Peiris’ extensive treatise was titled Nagadipa and Buddhist Remains in Jaffna”  and is an analysis of the findings of his archaeological explorations in the Jaffna peninsula. There cannot be any doubt about what Peiris found in Jaffna and his intention in writing about them. Peiris had found irrefutable archaeological and epigraphic evidence to show that Sinhalese and Buddhism were a strong presence in the North until the region was invaded by South Indians. In several villages listed in a document called Nam Potha” which gives the names of  places of Buddhist worship he had found ruins of dagobas, stupas and temples.  He says in summary  I think I have sufficiently outlined the intimate connection which existed through eighteen centuries between the Sinhalese and their religion and the North of Ceylon”.

The reason why Peiris mentioned these Ishwarams which have no bearing on his work in Jaffna was that he was looking for a seaport at the Northern tip of Jaffna peninsula from where the ambassadors of King Devanampiyatissa could have embarked on their journey to the court of King Dharmasoka in Pataliputhra in Northern India and also where Meheni Sangamitta could have disembarked on arrival with the Bo sapling. Peiris’ theory is that Naguleshvaram kovil which is one of the Ishvarams in Jaffna was built near a seaport in Kankasanthurai to cater to the religious needs of the merchants who used that seaport to travel to and from North India. Similarly all other Ishvarams have been built near seaports for the same reason. Those who travelled to South India used the seaport in Mannar and worshiped at the Kethiswaram kovil. Peiris’ reasoning regarding the geographical position of the Ishwarams may be acceptable but it does not prove that the Ishvarams existed before the arrival of Vijaya.

On what evidence does Peiris base his opinion about the Ishwarams? Of the five Ishawarams only Thirukoneshwaram at Trincomalee is mentioned in Mahawansa which was written in the 5th Century AD. Deepawansa which was compiled earlier does not mention these kovils.  Royal Kotte Kingdom inscriptions mention Munneshwaram at Chilaw and Tondeshwaram at Devinuwara. The Galle Trilingual Inscription also mentions the Tondeshwaram kovil. Kokila Sandeshaya describes Munneshwaram at Chilaw and Tondeshwaram at Devinuvara. Tondeshwaram is mentioned in Tissara Sandeshaya and Paravi Sandeshaya also. These Sandesha Kavya were written in the 15th Century AD and most of them by Thotagamuve Sri Rahula. None of these historical texts support the idea that the Ishwarams existed before the advent of Vijaya. Neither do they give any information regarding the history or the probable period of their construction.

Ramayana and Mahabharata the epics of ancient India make reference to Ishwarams in Lanka in their mythological tales. Mahabharata contains an abbreviated kind of Ramayana. It is in the story of Rama, Sita and Ravana in both these epics that Lanka is featured. Ishwarams are mentioned but their exact location cannot be determined from the descriptions and remains largely a matter of conjecture.

Further there are no epigraphic or archaeological evidence which supports the theory. On the other hand according to T.Sabaratnam (2004) there is archaeological evidence that shows there was a Buddhist temple at the site where Koneshvaram was built. No ancient ruins which resemble those at Anuradapura and Polonnaruwa are to be found at the sites of these Ishwaram kovils. Demala Seya for instance looks much older than these kovils. These Ishavaram kovils look more like modern kovils in Colombo. It is probable that the Ishvaram kovils in Jaffna were built after the Tamil invasions which started with the Chola invasion in 993 AD and they may have built the one at Mannar and perhaps at Trincomalee also. The Ishvarams at Chilaw and Devundera were probably built by Sinhala kings who had Tamil connections. Unfortunately these kovils has undergone much change due to repeated renovations and therefore their dating by modern methods may not be possible.

Yalpana Vaipava Malai, the earliest Tamil publication by a Sri Lankan, written by poet Mailvaganam in 1736  talks about the five Ishvarams and positions them accurately in the coast of the island. Though this book attempts to distort the history of Jaffna it indirectly establishes the fact that Sinhalese were inhabitants of Sri Lanka before the Tamils arrived.  Peiris may have been influenced by this work as it provides for a seaport at Kankasanthurai and moreover did not contest the fact that Sinhalese had arrived in the island before the Tamils.  Further all this would be in accord with the history of the country as described in the ancient chronicles and may have suited Paul E.Peiris’ mission quite well.

Prof. N.A.de S. Amaratunga

MCC Sri Lanka: ONLY ENGLISH (no Sinhala/Tamil) in E-Land Registrar violation of LANGUAGE provision in Constitution

July 1st, 2020

Shenali D Waduge

That MCC has undergone various stages of approval or observation prior to finalizing the document certainly questions how far our own are interested to view a bilateral document and appraise it considering the advantages and disadvantages to the Country & the People. While MCC has chosen to plug itself to foreign programs already commenced with foreign funding, MCC has also started ventures before signing the Compact. One such is the e-registrar, electronic scanning of deeds and cadastral mapping all being done by US firms or private parties selected by the US embassy. How many of our own associated with this project even those in the AG’s department as well as the members of the Bar Association have saw fit to question the LANGUAGE COMPONENT and why everything is being done ONLY IN ENGLISH in a country where over 75% are NOT ENGLISH LITERATE?  Why should the nation’s ROOTS held in the current DEED system have to be put into a FOREIGN-OWNED/CONTROLLED ENGLISH ONLY e-land registry omitting Sinhala & Tamil language rights?

There are a few problems in this scenario.

Firstly, all our land records – some 200,000 books in 45 land registries covering deeds of millions of people are in either Sinhala or Tamil ONLY. Even the handful of deeds written in English are next translated into Sinhala or Tamil and entered. The entries are ONLY in Sinhala or Tamil.

ex: the 4thcolumn has the former owners details which becomes relevant for any legal cases. With the new title registration system in e-land registrar ONLY the present owners or rather only ONE SINGLE owner’s details are included and this issue arises for deeds that are co-ownership etc.

Secondly, this foreign imposed e-registrar is designed in English with details to be entered in English and anyone accessing it must be able to read & understand English.

Thirdly, if the private parties who are handling the e-registrar are entering in English, it essentially means they have to translate to English what is in Sinhala & Tamil. Who is doing this translation, is it signed off by a sworn-translator of the Government? If not, how credible and valid are these translations?

Fourthly, how many in Sri Lanka are NOT English literate and have NO access to computer or internet to see the status quo of their land records?

Lastly, how are these foreign/private parties translating the Nindagam/Devalagam and Ola Leaf entries into this e-land registry? This is the most frightening aspect of this ENGLISH-ONLY FOREIGN CONTROLLED E-LAND REGISTRY!

Rural/Urban Sri Lanka

  • eight out of ten Sri Lankans (82%) live in rural areas
  • almost 31.8% of the labour force work in agriculture (over 2million)

Digital literacy in Sri Lanka

  • digital literacy (38.7%) – ability to use a computer, laptop, tablet, or smartphone without assistance.
  • Rural – digital literacy rate is 36.4%
  • Estate sectors – digital literacy rate is 16.4%
  • Only 21% of rural households had a desktop computer or a laptop
  • Only 5.1% of households in the estate sector had a desktop computer or a laptop
  • almost 40% in urban areas had a desktop computer or a laptop
  • Even in Western province only 33.4% households have a desktop computer or a laptop

English in Sri Lanka

  • English literacy (22%)
  • 2% of learners have Sinhala as their medium of study, 25% Tamil

The statistics does not look too good. Can 2million farmers know English enough to browse their entry in the e-land registrar from time to time even and see if any hanky panky has happened? How many of these 2million people can even afford to pay someone to look up their details and what a tedious and unfair task this is? Isn’t this woe relevant to many other non-English speaking players providing key source of income to our GDP like estate workers and garment workers as well as fishermen etc?

Didn’t the policy makers and even the Bar Association see this violation staring at them. As people who ‘know the law’ do we need to remind them of the constitutional provisions?

Article 12 and Article 18. Article 18 of the Sri Lankan Constitution declares Sinhala and Tamil to be National Languages of the country while adding that English will be a linking language.

Article 12 of the Constitution guarantees that no personal shall be discriminated based on language.

The Bar Association of Sri Lanka cannot be sitting on this important factor. No foreign funding can jeopardize or marginalize our People and violate the country’s constitution.

It is unfortunate that the officials who met the President yesterday (30 Jun) did not bring up this English only factor when discussing the e-land registry fraud. It certainly questions with what public interest every public official is actually working!

It is not the speed of entering into e-land registrar that should matter but CORRECTLY entering into registrar.

The e-land registry cannot be controlled by or under the patronage of any private or foreign party. It must be handled and owned by Sri Lanka and the relevant ministry with our own IT experts trained to handle such.

That the e-land registry is under foreign control is a dangerous aspect for Sri Lanka’s land records and land history given that the ownership details of the past is being subtly erased while translated from Sinhala/Tamil to English expecting the majority of non-speaking English/non-computer literate/non-owning computer/laptop populace to be comfortable in accepting this alien system simply because it comes with some foreign funding. This is a constitutional and fundamental rights violation of the common Sinhala/Tamil populace who make up the majority of the 20million populace and who contribute to the GDP toiling hard to do so. Expecting them to adjust to a foreign language disregarding Sinhala and Tamil is legally flawed and fundamentally wrong and this must be immediately taken up and solved.

The only way to do so, is for the Government of Sri Lanka & the Bar Association to step in and take ownership of the e-land registrar from the current foreign/private parties handling it and STOP foreign/private parties accessing Sri Lanka’s land registrars and wrongly translating and entering into their system.

The Sri Lanka Bar Association must demand to see all of the entries so far placed in the e-land registry and give its seal of approval publicly as the 700,000 title registration holders whose entries may be in the e-land registry already should not have wrong details inserted into it.

Bottom line is no country’s e-land registry where the majority do not speak English can be in English violating the fundamental rights of the Sinhalese & Tamil speaking populace.

This has to be immediately corrected and properly corrected.

Shenali D Waduge

අපට මඟක් ඇත (නොහොත් ලංකාවට මරුකටෙන් ගැලවිය හැකිය): අංක 1 – B

July 1st, 2020

චන්ද්‍රසිරි විජයවික්‍රම, LL.B., Ph.D

හැඳින්‌වීම

<…චෙල්වනායගම් ලෝකයේ ඉන්නා භයානකම ගනයේ මිනිසෙකි… ඔහුට යමක යථාර්‌ථය කුමක්ද යන්න ගැනවත්, එහි ප්‍රායෝගිකත්‌වය ගැනවත් අබමල් රේණුවක තරමේවත් දැණුමක් නැත. අති භයානක මෙවැනි පුද්ගලයින්ට තමන්‌ව සම්පූර්‍ණයෙන්ම ඔල්මාද (ඩිලූඩ්) කරවා ගැනීමටත්, අනිත් අයව ඔල්මාද (ඩිලූෂන්) කරවීමටත් හැකියාවක් ඇත.. >

-අගමැති බණ්ඩාරණායක (හැන්සාර්ඩ්, 31 වෙළුම (1958 ජූනි 3) කොලම් 244-5)

පුරාවිද්‍යා නීතියට ආගමක්/ජාතියක් නැත

පුරාවිද්‍යා නීතිය අනුව අවසර නැතිව පුරාවිද්‍යා ඉඩමක පන්සලක ඉන්නා හාමුදුරුවරු වැසිකිලියක් සඳහා වළක් හෑරුවත් එය හිරේට යන වරදකි. එහෙත් උතුර-නැඟෙනහිර පුරාවිද්‍යා ඉඩම් අල්ලාගෙන ඒවා කුඹුරු වලට හරවන්නට, ඒවායේ ගෙවල් හදන්නට, දෙමළ හා මුස්ලිම් ජාතිකයින්ට තහනමක් නැත. මෙය ජඩ දේශපාලකයින්ගේ ආධාරයෙන් කෙරෙනවා යයි පවසා ඇඟ බේරාගන්නා පුරාවිද්‍යා නිලධාරීන්, මෙසේ අහක බලාගෙන ඉන්නේ පගා අරගෙන යයි මතයක්ද රටේ බෞද්‌ධයින් අතර පවතී. සම්බන්‌ධන්ට හදිසියේම දෙමළ බෞද්‌ධ පුරාවස්තු වගයක් මතක්‌වී ඇත්තේ, අතීත දෙමළ බෞද්‌ධයින්ගේ නෂ්ටාවශේෂ රැකගැනීමේ තන්හාවකින් වත්, ඒවා හින්‌දු-බෞද්‌ධ සංහිදියාවකට හේතුවනවාය යන ශුද්‌ධ විශ්වාසයක් වත් නිසා නොවන බව ඔහුගේ පෙත්සම පේලි අතරින් හඬනගා පවසන්නේය. ඔහුගේ අරමුණ පුරාවස්තුවලට ආගම පටලවා ඒ මඟින් ඊළම් මතවාදයට ඔක්‍ෂිජන් දීමය. ඒ සඳහා ඔහුට මුහුණ පෑමට සිදුවූ දෙමළ බෞද්‌ධ පුරාවස්තු වල ඇති හිඟය පියවා ගන්නේ, මිහිඳු හාමුදුරුවන්ට පෙර කාලයේ සිටම ලංකාවේ දෙමළ බෞද්‌ධයින් සිටි බවත්, පසු කලෙක ඔවුන් බුද්‌ධාගම අතහැර ඔවුන් කලින් ඇදහූ හින්‌දු ආගමටම ආපසු ගිය බවත් පවසන, විනේෂ්වරන්ගේ කතාව බදා ගැනීමෙනි.

පන්සල් අතරමංකල ලංකාවේ හා දකුණු ඉන්දියාවේ දෙමළ බෞද්‌ධයා

විග්නේෂ්වරන්ගේ මේ ඔල්මාද හැසිරීම, චෙල්වනායගම්, අමිර්‌තලිංගම්, ප්‍රභාකරන් ආදීන්ටද තිබී දෙමළ ජනයාට දුක ගෙනාවේය. දැන් විග්නේෂ් පාරේ යන සම්බන්‌ධන් මුහුණ පාන අර්බුදය නම් සමහර පුරාවිද්‍යා පන්සල්වල ඉඩම් ප්‍රමාණය විශාල වීමය. 1959 දී එල්ලාවල මේධානන්ද හාමුදුරුවන් විසින් මුහුදු මහා විහාරයේ නටබුන් මුහුදු වෙරළේ රැළි අතරින් සොයාගත් විට එහි දෙමළ බෞද්‌ධයින් සිටියේ නැත. රටේ කොහේවත් පෝය දාට පන්සල් වලට යන දෙමළ බෞද්‌ධයින් කණ්ඩායම් නොවීය. දකුණු ඉන්දියාවේ පොළොවේ හැමතැනම බෞද්‌ධ නටබුන් විසිරී ඇතත්, ලංකාවේ සිංහල බෞද්‌ධ පන්සල් මෙන් අඛන්ඩව පවතින දෙමළ පන්සල් එහි නැත. පන්සල් සඳහා රජවරු ඉඩම් පූජා කලේ, බුද්‌ධ ශාසනය යන්නට භික්‍ෂූ-භික්‍ෂුණී-උපාසක-උපාසිකා යන අංග හතරක් ඇතුලත් නිසා පමණක් නොව, පන්සල හා ගම ගහට පොත්ත මෙන් බැඳී ඇති නිසාය. පන්සල් වටේ ඉන්නේ උග්‍ර හින්දු හා මුස්ලිම් අය නම් පන්සල නඩත්තු කරන්නට දායකයින් පිරිසක් නැත. දෙමළ බෙදුම්වාදය මුහුණ දෙන්නේ මේ අර්බුදයටය. පන්සල් අවට සිංහලයින් සිටීම, සිංහලීකරණයක් ලෙස පේන්නේ දෙමළ නිජබිම් මිථ්‍යාවෙන් අන්‌ධවූ අයටය. සම්බන්‌ධන්ගේ පෙත්සම් කියන්නේ, පුරාවිද්‍යා ඉඩම් හඳුනාගෙන මායිම් කිරීම ඊළමට තර්‍ජනයක්‌ය යන කතාවය. ඔහුට මෙය කෙළින්ම කියන්නට නොහැකි ඔවුන්, ගෝඨාභයව බලයට පත්කල සිංහල ජනබලයට ඇති භය නිසාය.

පුරාවිද්‍යාව කන්නද?

අළුත් දෙමළ බෞද්‌ධ කතාවක් හරහා පරණ සිංහලීකරණ කතාව මතුකරණ සම්බන්‌ධන් මෙන් නොව, ඕස්ට්‍රේලියාවේ සිට ලියන අමීර් අලි විසින් මුස්ලිම් පැත්තෙන් කෙළින්ම කියන්නේ පුරාවිද්‍යාට වඩා වැදගත් මිනිසුන්ට ජීවත්‌වීමට ඉඩම් සැපයීම බවය (කලම්බු ටෙලිග්‍රාෆ් ජූනි 17). උදාහරණයක් වශයෙන්, මුහුදු මහා විහාරයට අක්කර 70 ක්ම අවශ්‍ය දැයි ඔහු අසයි. පරණවිතාන මහතා 1951 පුරාවිද්‍යා ලෙස මායිම් කල ඉඩම්, අමීර්‌ට අනුව නිකම්ම හිස් ඉඩම්‌ය! කාත්තන්කුඩිය වැනි තැන්වල ඇති දැඩි ඉඩම් පීඩනය නිසා ඒ හිස් ඉඩම් වල ඔවුන් පදිංචියට ගියේය; පුරාවිද්‍යා නීතියක් ගැන ඔවුන් දන්නේ නැතැයි ඔහු කියයි! අගමැතිණි බණ්ඩාරනායකගේ අධ්‍යාපන ඇමති බදියුද්දීන්, 1960න් පසු ඉතිහාසය පාසැල්වලින් ඉවත් කල නිසා ඉතිහාසය කන්නද කියා මුස්ලිම් හා දෙමළ මිනිසුන් අසන්නේය. පිළිම වල හිස් ලිග්ගල් වන්නේ ඒ නිසාය. තවද, අල් ටකියා න්‍යාය අනුව යමින් අමීර් බොරු කියයි. එල්ලාවල මේධානන්ද හාමුදුරුවෝ කියන්නේ උන්වහන්සේ මූදු මහාවිහාර නටබුන් සොයා ගත්තේ 1959 දී කියාය. නමුත් අමීර් කියන්නේ ඒවා මතුවුනේ 2004 ෂුනාමි රැල්ල නිසා යනුවෙනි (අමුණා ඇති වීඩියෝව බලන්න). මේ අනුව සිතන විට බැමියන් බුදු පිළිම විනාශ කිරීම හෝ ඉරාක ජාතික කටු ගෙවල් වල පුරාවස්තු කුඩුකිරීම වැනි ආකල්පයක් මුස්ලිම් ජනයා නැඟෙනහිර පුරාවස්තු ගැන දැරීම අමීර් අලිට ප්‍රශ්ණයක් නොවන්නට පුළුවන.

හිත හොඳ ගෑණු යුගයේ අවසානය

බන්‌ධනාගාර වලට ආගමක්, ජාතියක් නැත. එහෙත් ඒවා කෙතරම් අශීලාචාර දුෂ්ට ආයතනද යන්න එලිවුනේ සිංහල බෞද්‌ධයින් විසින් පත්කල සිංහල බෞද්‌ධ ජනාධිපති කෙනෙක් නිසාය. 2011 දී හිරගෙවල් භාරව සිටි මාක්ස්වාදී ඩිව් ගුණසේකර කියන්නේ මේ හොර ගුහාවල් ගැන ඒ කාලයේ ඔහු දැන සිටියත් ඔහුට කිසිවක් කල නොහැකිවූ බවය. පුරාවිද්‍යා නීතියද මේ හිරගෙවල් වල නීතිය වැනිම විය. හිර ගෙවල් වල මේ කණගාටුදායක තත්‌වය මුළු රටේ හැම නීතියකම, ආයතනයකම තත්‌වයය. ට්‍රැජඩි ඔෆ් ද කොමොන්ස් (රට, රටේ නීතිය, රටේ මහජාතිය හිත හොඳ ගෑණුන්සේ සැළකීම) කියන්නේ මෙයටය. සිංහලයින්ගේ රට මෙසේ අයුතු ලෙස සූරා කෑම දෙමළ බෙදුම්වාදයේ හා මෑතක සිට ශාරියා මුස්ලිම්වාදයේ පිලිවෙතය. අවාසනාවට එය කෙරුණේ සිංහල පක්‍ෂ දේශපාලක කළුසුද්දන්ගේ නිවට හැසිරීමේ උපකාරයෙනි. දෙමළ ජනයාගේ අභිවෘධිය හා දෙමළ බෙදුම්වාදය එකක් නොව දෙකක් යන්නත්, සිංහල මහජාතියට සිදුවූ අයුක්ති, අසාධාරණකම්, නිසි ආකාරයට නිවැරදි කිරීම සුළු ජන ව‌ර්‍ගවලට වෙනස්කම් කිරීමක් නොවන බවත් නොබියව රටට, ලොවට ප්‍රකාශ කල හැක්කේ නියම, තෙම්පරාදු නොවුන, බුදු අම්මෝ බෞද්‌ධ ජනාධිපති කෙනෙකුට පමණය.

රැවටීමේ න්‍යාය

ඉංග්‍රීසියෙන් පෙඩරල් කියාත් දෙමළෙන් අරෂු කියාත් 1949 දී දෙමළ පක්‍ෂයේ ආරම්භයේ සිටම චෙල්වනායගම්ලා රට රැවටූ බව කියන අමීර් අලි, කෙළින්ම බහින්නේ මුස්ලිම් ජනයාට උන් හිටි තැන් නැතිවී යාමේ අවදානම ගැනය. ඒකීය රටක් කියන්නේ ඔරුමිත්තනාඩුද නැද්ද යනුවෙන් 2017 වනවිට යහපාලන ව්‍යවස්ථාකාරයින් නැටූ නැටුමද මෙවැනි අරෂු ගනයේ අර්බුදයක් වූයේය. කාත්තන්කුඩියේ 50,000 ක් වසන්නේ වර්‌ග කිලෝමීටර් 3 ට ටිකක් වැඩි භූමි ප්‍රමාණයකැයි කියන අමීර් අලි, ඒ කාලයේ තේවතු නිසා උඩරට ගැමියා මුහුණ දුන් අන්දමේම, ඉඩම් නැතිකමේ අර්බුදයකට මුස්ලිම් ජනයා වැටී සිටින බව කියයි. මේ කුඩා බිමේ සමහර විට ලෝකයේ වෙන කොහේවත් නැති තරම් මුස්ලිම් පල්ලි අති විශාල ප්‍රමාණයක් තිබෙන්නේ ඒ දුක නිසාදැයි යමෙකුට සිතෙන්නටද ඉඩ ඇත!පාස්කු ප්‍රහාරය මේ දුකට හේත්තු කිරීමට ඔහු දරණ උත්සාහය අසාධාරණ වන්නේ එය ඉකුවාන්/ශාරියා අරාබිකරණයේ තෙල් සල්ලි හා බැඳී ඇති නිසාය. ඩුබායි මෙන් උස තට්ටු නිවාස හදන්නට හිස්බුල්ලාට ඉඩ තිබුණි. ගර්‍භාශ යුද්‌ධයේ එක් අංගයක් නම් වැඩි වැඩියෙන් මුස්ලිම් දරුවන් ලොවට ගෙන ඒමය.

ඉත්තෑවාගේ ගෙට කැබැල්ලාවා රිංගීම

අදහන ආගම කුමක් වුවත්, දෙමළ කතාකරණ ජනයා කියා දෙමළ නිජබිම් මිථ්‍යාවට මුස්ලිම් බොරු කකුලක් ඈඳාගන්නට ආරම්භයේ සිටම චෙල්වනායගම්ලා ක්‍රියා කලේය. මෙය ස්‌වයං-රවටා ගැනීමක් වුයේ, <දෙමළවී යාමෙන්> බේරී තම අරාබි අනන්‍යතාවය රැක ගැනීම මුල සිටම මුවර් නායකයින්ගේ යටි අරමුණ වූ බව චෙල්වාට නොතේරීමය නිසාය. මේ වන විට දෙමළ නොව අරාබි භාෂාව පදනම් කරගෙන ගෙනයන මේ අරාබිකරණය, ගිනිකොණදිග මුස්ලිම් නිජබිමක් වශයෙන් උඩුදුවා ගොස් ඇත (ඊළම් වෙනුවට සපිස්ථාන්-නසරිස්ථාන්- රහ්මන් අලි චෞදරිගේ විශාල පකිස්ථාන් ප්ලෑනේ [1933], බටහිර හා නැඟෙනහිර ලංකා කෑලි දෙක). මුවර් නායකයින්ට (මේ වන විට සර්‍පයින් වී සිටින) කිරිපෙවූ සිංහල කළුසුද්දන්ගේ අළුත් පරම්පරාද දැන් ගලේ ඉන්නා බළලුන් වී සිටී.

චන්ද්‍රිකාගේ 1994-2000 පැකේජ් ඩීල් කාලයේදී, නීලන් තිරුචෙල්වම්ට මුහුණ දෙන්නට වූ අකරතැබ්බය නම්, උතුරු-නැඟෙනහිර එකතු කලත්, එය ඉන්දියාවේ පොන්ඩිචෙරි මොඩලයේ මෙන් කාවුන් කෑවා වැනි හිල් සහිත ප්‍රදේශයක් මිස, පිරිසිදු-අඛණ්ඩ දෙමළ ප්‍රදේශයක් නොවනවා යන්නය. මෙහි අර්‌ථය නම් දෙමළ ප්‍රදේශය තුල, මුස්ලිම් හා සිංහල දූපත් බිහිවෙනවා යනුය. ඊට අකමැත්තෙන් වුවත් එකඟවූ ඔහු ජීව‌ත්‌ව සිටියා නම් අද වනවිට දකින්නේ, 1976 වඩුකෝඩ්ඩෙයි ප්‍රකාශය මෙන්, 2003 ඔළුවිල් ප්‍රකාශණය හරහා සිදුවීමට යන ඉත්තෑවගෙ ගෙට කැබැල්ලා රිංගුවා වැනි නැස්පත්තියකි. ඊනියා ඓතිහාසික දෙමළ හෝම්ලන්ඩ් එකේ භූමි ප්‍රමාණය තව තවත් කුඩාවී යෑමත්, මුස්ලිම් හතුරෙක් ගෙයි පිළිකන්නේ සිටීමත්‌ය!

විග්නේෂ්වරන්ගේ දේවානම් පිය-තීෂන් පාර

සම්බන්‌ධන්ගේ වැල්වටාරම් පෙත්සමෙන් ඔහු රට ගෙන යන්නට හදන රවුම්, අන්තිමේදී බලන විට පරංගියා කෝට්ටේ ගියා මෙන් විග්නේෂ්ගේ අළුත් තීෂන් පාර මඟින් දෙමළ බෙදුම්වාදයෙන් කෙළවර වේ. මේ තීෂන් පාර, පණ අදිමින් සිටිනා දෙමළ නිජභූමි මිථ්‍යාවට අළුතෙන් ඔක්‍ෂිජන් දීමේ උත්සාහයකි. උතුරට බුදු පිළිම එපා, පන්සල් එපා යයි කීමට පෙර, උපන්දා සිට කොළඹින් හැමදේම ලබාගත්, පුත්තු දෙන්නාට සිංහල ස්‌ත්‍රීන් දෙන්නෙක්ද ලබාගත්, මේ විග්නේෂ්වරන්, එක පැත්තකින් 1948 න් පසු ලංකාවේ දෙමළ ජන සංහාරයක් වෙනවා යයි කියමින්, අනිත් අතට, මිහිඳු මාහිමියන්ට කලින් ලංකාවේ දෙමළ බෞද්‌ධයින් සිටියා යයි කියමින් සිංහලයාට කලින් දෙමළා ලංකාවේ සිටියා යයි, චෙල්වාගේ නිජබිම් කතාව උඩු යටිකුරු කර ඇත. සම්බන්‌ධන් විසින් ඔහුගේ පෙත්සමෙන් මේ පාරුවට නගින්නට තතනා ඇත.

තේසවලමෙයි වෙල්ලාල මනස

මේ නිසා කෙටියෙන් කියනවා නම් මේ අය දකින්නේ පුරා විද්‍යා ප්‍රශ්ණයක් නොව, සිංහලීකරණය යයි කියන පරණ බිල්ලා මය. එනම් ලන්දේසි කාලයේ ආරම්භවී ඉංග්‍රීසි කාලයේදී වෙල්ලාල ජනයා බලගැන්‌වූ තේසවලාමේ නීතිය සිංහල විරෝධී වැටක් ලෙස පාවිච්චි කිරීමය. එසේ නොවේ නම් සම්බන්‌ධන්ගේ හා නිර්‌මලාගේ (අයිලන්ඩ්, ජූනි 12) පෙත්සමේ/ලිපියේ කතාකරන්නට දෙයක් ඇත්තේම නැත. මෙතෙක් ගැයූ දෙමළ නිජබිම් සිංදුව (මිථ්‍යාව) වෙනුවට, සිංහල බෞද්‌ධයින් හොඳින්ම දන්නා, ලංකාවේ දෙමළ බෞද්‌ධයින් සිටියා විය යුතුය යන කාරණයට, අමුතු, (තීෂන්) ජාතිවාදී නවපණක් දෙමින්, පුරාවිද්‍යා නටබුන් තුලින් අළුත් සංහිඳියා නාටකයක් ගෙන ඒමට වලිකෑම, සැඩපාරේ ගසා ගෙන යන මිනිහා පිඳුරු ගහෙත් එල්ලෙනවා යන ප්‍රස්ථා පිරුළ සිහිකරවන්නේය.

පුරා විද්‍යා මුව හමට තඩිබෑම

නැඟෙනහිර පලාත සඳහා පුරාවිද්‍යා කාර්‌ය සාධක බලකායක් පත්කල විට, සම්බන්‌ධන් මහතාට (සම්බා), හදිසියේම, විජය රජුට පෙර දකුණේ තිබුණා යයි කියන තොන්ඩේස්වරන් නම් කෝවිලක් මතක්‌වී තිබේ! මෙය හොයා දුන්නේ නැතැයි සම්බා පුරා විද්‍යා දෙපාර්‌තමේන්තුවට (පුරාවිද්‍යාව) චෝදනා නඟන්නේ, යහපාලන කාලයේ, ඔහුට <බලය> තිබූ කාලයේ ඔහු කලේ දියවන්නා හෝටලයට ගොස් නිදා සිටීම (පාර්ලි විවාද වීඩියෝ පටි වල අප මෙය දැක ඇත) නොවේද යන්න අමතක කරමින්‌ය. එහි නටබුන් තිබෙනවා යයි කතාවක් ඇතැයි කියන ඔහු එය තිබෙනවා යයි කියන ස්ථානය ගැන යම් හෝඩුවාවක් දැන්වත් පුරාවිද්‍යාවට නොදෙන්නේ ඇයි? මුන්නේෂ්වරම් දේවාලය ගැනද ඔහු සඳහන් කරයි. එය අපට මතක, මර්වින් සිල්වා ඇමතිකාලේ එහි ගොසින් එහි කරගෙන ගිය එළුවන්, කුකුළන් ගේ බිලි පූජා තහනම් කර සතුන් මුදා හල ආකාරය නිසාය.

පුරා විද්‍යාව එක ආගමක් පමණක් ප්‍රොමෝට් කරමින්, අනිත් ආගම් වල නීත්‍යානුකූල ඉන්ටරස්ට්ස් (රයිට්ස් යන වචනය ඔහුට අමතක වෙලාද?) වලට හානිකර ලෙස කටයුතු කරතැයි චෝදනා කරන, සම්බාට හිටපු හැටියේ පන්සල්වල ඇති දෙමළ ශිලාලිපි මතක් වන්නේ, හරියට පුරාවිද්‍යාව හෝ හාමුදුරුවරු ඒවා මකා දමන්නට හැදුවා වගේය. බුදු හාමුදුරුවෝ හින්‌දු ආගමට විරුද්‌ධ වූයේ නැතැයි කියන සම්බා, බුදුන්, හින්‌දු ආගම පිරිසිදු කරන්නට තැත්කලා යයි විශ්වාසයක් ඇතැයි කියයි! තම පෙත්සම මඟින් සම්බා කරන්නේ, විග්නේෂ්වරන්ගේ තීසන් පිස්සුව ටී.එ‌න්.‌ඒ නිල ප්‍රකාශණයක් ලෙස වහෙන් ඔරෝ ක්‍රමයට එලියට දැමීමය. දැන් මේ තීසන් මිථ්‍යාව, පුරාවිද්‍යාව පක්‍ෂග්‍රාහී ලෙස (බෞද්‌ධයින්ට) ක්‍රියාකරණවා යයි චෝදනා කිරීම සඳහා උපයෝගී කරගෙන ඇත. සම්බා කියන්නේ මේ පුරාවිද්‍යා බලකායෙන් සිදුකරන්නට යන්නේ බුද්‌‌ධාගම රක්‍ෂාකිරීම, සුරැකීම හා ප්‍රවර්‌ධනය කිරීම යන මුවාවෙන්, එම <දෙමළ බෞද්‌ධ> පුරා විද්‍යා නටබුන් ස්ථාන වල සිංහල ජනයා පදිංචිකරවා උතුරු-නැඟෙනහිර සිංහලීකරණය කිරීම තහවුරු කර ගැනීම යනුය.

ඔල්මාදකාරයින් රැළක්

මෙම ඔල්මාදය සමාන කල හැක්කේ අගමැති බණ්ඩාරනායක චෙල්වනායගම් ගැන 1958 දී පාර්ලිමේන්තුවේදී කී කතාවටය. දැන් ඉතින් දෙමළ ජනයාට උපකාර කල (ගලවාගත?) හැක්කේ දෙවියන්ට පමණක් යයි 1970 ජූලි චන්දයට පසු චෙල්වනායගම් සිතූවා යයි, ඔහුගේ දුවගේ සැමියාවූ ඒ. ජේ. විල්සන් ලියුවේය. 1975 දී ඔහු, ත්‍රස්තවාදියෙකුවූ ශිවකුමාරන්ගේ පිළිරුවට මල්මාලාවක් දැම්මේය. දෙමළ රටක් සඳහා මාරාන්තික සටනක් කිරීම හැර වෙන කල හැකි දෙයක් නැතැයි ඒ වන විට ඔහුට ශාක්ශාත්‌ව තිබුණායයි විල්සන් ලියයි. ලක්‍ෂ්මන් වික්‍රමසිංහ නම් පාදිලිතුමා (රනිල්ගේ බාප්පා) විසින් 1977 චෙල්වනාගම් මියගිය විට ඔහු දෙමළ මෝසස් කෙනෙක් යයි පැවසුවේ මේ නිසා විය යුතුය. නමුත්, කලින් අමිර්‌තලිංගම්, දැන් සුමන්තිරන්, සම්බන්‌ධන්, විග්නේෂ්වරන්ලාගේ හැසිරීම දෙස බලන විට, 1958 දී චෙල්වා ගන අගමැති කල ප්‍රකාශය කිරි ගහට ඇන්නා වගේ නොවේද?

පන්සලේ කෝවිල්!

පන්සලක දෙමළ ශිලාලිපියක්, දෙකක් තිබෙනවා නම් ඒ පන්සල් අතීත දෙමළ බෞද්‌ධයාගේ පන්සල් ලෙස පුරාවිද්‍යාව විසින් ප්‍රචලිත කල යුතුව තිබුණේය යන්න සම්බාගේ තර්‌කයය! එසේ කලා නම් බෞද්‌ධ-හින්දු සංහිදියාවක් ගොඩ නැඟෙනවා නොවේදැයි ඔහු අසයි. ලංකාවේ පන්සල් වල හින්දු-බෞද්‌ධ සංහිඳියාව ගැන ක්‍රිස්තියානි නිර්‌මලා හෝ හින්දු සම්බන්‌ධන් නොදන්නා දෙයක් ඇත. එය නම් ලංකාවේ පන්සල්වල වන්ඳනා අවකාශයෙන් (සේක්‍රඩ් ස්පේස්) සියේට 10-20 අතර ප්‍රමාණයක් වෙන්‌වී ඇත්තේ හින්‌දු දෙවි දේවතාවියන්ට යන්නය. ඒ නිසා මේ ගැන කොමිටියේ හාමුදුරුවරුන්ට බණ දෙසීමට යෑමේ අවශ්‍යතාවයක් නැත. මෙය දෙමළ බෞද්‌ධ <අයිතියක්> යයි නොකියා දෙමළ <ඉන්ටරස්ට්> යයි සම්බා කියන්නේ, විග්නේෂ්වරන්ගේ පාරේම යාමට ඔහුගේ හිතේ යම් චකිතයක් ඇති නිසා විය යුතුය. සිද්‌ධාර්‌ථ කුමාරයන් උපන්නේ ලංකාවේ යයි කියන පිස්සන් අතරට විග්නේෂ්වරන්වද එකතු කිරීමට හොඳටම ඉඩ ඇත!

නවගුන වැල හා කඩුව

නන්දා මාලිනීගේ සිංදුවෙන් කියන මුගුර නොගත් නිසා ඉන්‌දියාව ඇතුළු ආසියාවේ බොහෝ රටවලින් බුද්‌ධාගම අතුගෑවී ගියේය. මාදුළුවාවේ සෝභිත හිමියන්ගේ යක්‍ෂාරූඪ වූවා වැනි පින්තූරයක් පිටකවරයට දමා ලියූ පොතක, ඇමෙරිකාවේ හාවර්ඩ් සරසවියේ සිට ඊළම ප්‍රචාරයේ යෙදී සිට මියගිය ක්‍රිස්තියානි ස්ටැන්ලි තම්බයියා ඇසු කෛරාටික ප්‍රශ්ණයක් නම්, බෞද්‌ධයින් මිණී මරන්නේ ඇයි? යන්නය. මෙයත්, ඒ පොතේ ඇති වෙනත් සාවද්‍ය ප්‍රකාශ ගැනත් දිගු පිළිතුරක් ඒ කාලයේ මා ඔහුට යැව්වත් ඔහු නිහඬව සිටියේය. දැන් සම්බා කියන්නේද මේ කතාව මය. බුදු හාමුදුරුවන් මෛත්‍රීය දේශනා කලත්, රජවරුන්ගේ යුද්‌ධ වලට මැදිහත්‌වූයේ නැත. බෞද්‌ධ තරුණයින් යුද හමුදාවේ සිටින එක ගැන පවා යුරෝපීය පර්යේෂකයින් උපාධි කලේ තම්බයියලාගේ පොත් කියවාය. බිලියන් 6 කට කිට්ටු ලෝක ජනගහනයක, ක්‍රිස්තියානි, මුස්ලිම්, දෙමළ හා බටහිර අධිරාජ්‍යවාදීන්ගේ සූරාකෑම් ඉදිරියේ, ලංකාවේ සිංහල මිලියන 100 ක් පණ බේරාගෙන ඉන්නේ කෝරාණය හෝ බයිබලය පරම සත්‍යය ලෙස අදහන අයමෙන් නොව (කම් ඇන්ඩ් බිලීව්), ධම්මපදය සම්බන්‌ධයෙන් පවා, ඒහි පස්සිකෝ (කම් ඇන්ඩ් එක්සැමින්) රීතිය අනුගමණය කරමින්‌ය. එහෙත් සම්බා ජනාධිපතිට දේශනා කරන්නේ, එසේ කලොත් රට සාමකාමි, අවුල් රහිත, රටක් වන බවය!

දෙමළ නිජබිම (හෝම්ලන්ඩ්) වෙනුවට දෙමළ බෞද්‌ධ බිම

මහවැලි එල් කොටස යටතේ, වැලි ඔය, සිංහල ජනයා පදිංචිකර, උතුරු හා නැඟෙනහිර පලාත් දෙකේ භාෂාමය අඛණ්ඩභාවය කඩන්නට ආණ්ඩු ක්‍රියාකරණවා යයි ඔහු කියයි. දෙමළ නිජභූමි කතාව වෙනුවට දැන් මෙසේ භාෂා කතාවක් කියන්නේ ශාරියා අරාබි භාෂා අළුත් මුස්ලිම් බිමක් නිසා මිථ්‍යා දෙමළ නිජබිම කුඩාවීම නිසා පමණක් නොව, මුළු රටම හැමෝගේම, එනම් ශ්‍රී ලාංකිකයින්ගේ, නිජබිම කියා බොරුවට හෝ කතාවක් තිබෙන නිසාය. මේ අනුව සිංහලයාට ඇත්තේ ලංකා පොකුණේ වෙන්කල කොටසකි. එහෙත් දෙමළා හා මුසල්මාණුවාට මුළු පොකුණේම, පලාත් නවයේම, පිණුම් ගැසිය හැකිය! ලෝකයේ සිංහල ජාතියට නිජබිමක් තිබෙන්නේ කොහේද යනුවෙන් ප්‍රශ්ණයක් ඉදිරියේදී හෝ අසන්නට අවකාශයක් ලබාදෙන අයුරු, රුවන්වැලි මහාසෑය ඉදිරියේ දිවුරුම් දෙන්නට, ශක්තිය ඇති සිංහල දේශපාලකයෙක්, 2020 වන තෙක් රටේ නොසිටියේය.

ඇනෝපිලීස් මඳුරුවා

ලන්දේසිකාරයින්ගේ අසාර්‍ථකවූ දුම්කොල වගාවේ සිට, පසුව ඉංග්‍රීසිකාරයින් විසින් වන්නි හිස් බිම්වල, දෙමළ-මලබාර් ජනයා පදිංචිකරවීමේ ව්‍යාපාරයක් ගෙන ගියද, එය බකල් කලේ ඇනෝපිලීස් මඳුරුවාය. තම පර්යේෂණ මඟින් විශ්‍රාමලත් භූගෝල විද්‍යා මහාචාර්ය ජී. එච්. පීරිස් මහතා මේ බව පෙන්‌වා දුන්නේය. මැලේරියාව නිසා, නැඟෙනහිරට අළුතින් ආගමනයවූ දෙමළ හා මුස්ලිම් ජනයා නැඟෙනහිර මුහුදු වෙරළාසන්නයට සීමාවූ බවත්, එහෙත් පුරාණ සිංහල ගම්වල ගැමියා රට ඇතුලේ දිගටම තම ජනාවාස රැකගෙන ජීවත්‌වු බවත් සංඛ්‍යාලේඛන වාර්‌තා මඟින් ඔහු ප්‍රසිද්‌ධ කලේය. ඉංග්‍රීසි සිවිල් සේවකයින් විසින් 1800 දශක වලදී මේ පුරාණ ගම්වාසීන් විඳි දුක සිය නිල වාර්‌තාවල සඳහන් කර ඇති අන්දම ඔහු සටහන් කරයි. කිසිදු ආකාරයකින් <දෙමළ පාරම්පරික> ඉඩම් සිංහල ජනපද සඳහා උඳුරාගෙන නැත. 1970 දශකයේදී පවා යාපනේ කම්කරුවන් පුත්තලම සිමෙන්ති කම්හලට ඒමට අකමැතිවූ නිසා, කෑගල්ල වැනි ප්‍රදේශ වලින් සිංහල කම්කරුවන් ගෙන ඒමට සිදුවිය. කන්කසන්තුරේ සිමෙන්ති පැක්ටරියේ නිලධාරීන් පවා පුත්තලමට මාරු කිරීමට සිදුවූයේ බලෙන්‌ය.

3 වන කොටස: බණ්ඩාරණායක-ඩඩ්ලි අගමැති දෙන්නා රට පාවාදීම

Today July 02, 2020 – 21st Death Anniversary of Asoka Weeraratna ( Ven. Mitirigala Dhammanissanti Thera)

July 1st, 2020

Senaka Weeraratna

Asoka Weeraratna’s contribution to the spread of Buddhism in Germany

(A Foreword to a Booklet published in year 2000 entitled ‘ The Necessity for Promoting Buddhism in Europe’ by Ven. Bhikkhu Bodhi being the Keynote Address delivered at a Public Seminar held on July 2, 2000 at the Mahaweli Centre Auditorium in Colombo to commemorate the first death anniversary of Ven. Mitirigala Dhammanissanti Thero ( formerly known as Asoka Weeraratna))

Asoka Weeraratna on his visits to Europe nearly half a century ago discovered a void and deep disillusionment among Western people with their traditional religious beliefs, and a longing for an alternate and more meaningful spiritual path. He saw an immense potential for Buddhism in Europe, particularly in Germany, and was convinced that the prevailing conditions in that country in the aftermath of a terrible massacre in World War Two, were ideally suited to receiving the gentle doctrine of the Buddha via a Buddhist Mission from Sri Lanka. Asoka Weeraratna’s overall aim was to establish the Buddha Sasana in Germany as Arahant Mahinda had done it in Sri Lanka over 2,300 years ago.  Asoka’s energetic work upon his return to Sri Lanka, led to the founding of the German Dharmaduta Society, the establishment of the Berlin Buddhist Vihara and thereafter the regular dispatch of Dhammadutas, to reside in the Vihara and spread the Dhamma in Europe.

Today, a part of Asoka’s vision has been realized. Buddhism is now very much a part of the Western scene. A sizeable number of people in several parts of Europe have understood the Buddha’s Message and embraced it. A Western monastic Sangha born out of European soil now exists. Yet a lot remains to be done in terms of promoting Buddhism as a spiritual path to weather life’s troubles, in the unreached areas of Europe.

(Founder, German Dharmaduta Society  – 1952 Berlin Buddhist Vihara –  1957 Mitirigala Nissaranavanaya Hermitage  –  1967 ) 

Ever since the revered German monk Ven. Nyanatiloka Maha Thero began residing at the Island Hermitage in Dodanduwa in 1911, Sri Lanka has had the good fortune of attracting a dedicated band of Western Buddhists to our shores. The names of Nyanatiloka, Nyanaponika, Nyanasatta, Nyanamoli, Anagarika Sugatananda ( Francis Story ), Vappo among others, illumine the Buddhist landscape with their excellent exposition of the Dhamma and great literary contributions. They brought fresh perspectives and produced a wealth of translations of Buddhist texts from Pali into several other languages. These scholarly endeavours have played a substantial role in stimulating Western interest in Buddhism. 

Ven. Bhikkhu Bodhi belongs to this line of illustrious Western monks. As the President and Editor of the Buddhist Publication Society, Kandy, Bhikkhu Bodhi carries the mantle once borne by his erstwhile guru the late Ven. Nyanaponika Maha Thero, with steadfastness and dedication. The Internet provides a glimpse into the wide range of Bhikkhu Bodhi’s literary output. He was singularly honoured recently for his outstanding services to the dissemination of Buddhism, by being invited to be the Principal speaker at the United Nations, New York this year on the occasion of the declaration of Vesak as a day of International Religious Significance.    

Bhikkhu Bodhi’s keynote address on the topic ” The Necessity for Promoting Buddhism in Europe ‘ delivered at a Public Seminar held on July 2, 2000 at the Mahaweli Centre Auditorium in Colombo, to commemorate the first death anniversary of Ven. Mitirigala Dhammanisanthi Thero  ( formerly Asoka Weeraratna ), was exhaustive and meticulous. It has re-kindled interest in a subject that had first captured the spirit and imagination of the Buddhist public in Sri Lanka about 45 years ago. His in-depth research and analysis of the subject matter provides a sound framework in planning Dhammaduta missions in the future. There have been numerous requests for copies of his written paper.

We are pleased to publish Bhikkhu Bodhi’s paper for the benefit of the larger public.  We trust that the contents of this paper would generate an informed public discussion and lead to a better understanding of the work, infra structure and the challenges faced by Dhammadutas in Europe. 

The noted British historian Arnold Toynbee once wrote that of all the historical changes in the West, the most important change ” and the one whose effects have been least understood ”…” is the meeting of Buddhism in the Occident. In a similar vein the British philosopher Bertrand Russel reflected at the end of World War Two that ” If we are to feel at home in the world, we will have to admit Asia to equality in our thoughts, not only politically but culturally. What changes this will bring, I do not know. But I am convinced that they will be profound and of the greatest importance .

The German Dharmaduta Society takes immense satisfaction in being a vehicle for transmitting Asia’s best gift i.e. the Dhamma, to the West, while not being unmindful of the wider implications of this exercise in the creation of a balanced, peaceful and harmonious world.

 Senaka Weeraratna

Hony. Secretary

German Dharmaduta Society

August 19, 2000       

See also

    Ven. Omalpe Sobitha Maha Thero delivers sermon at Asoka Weeraratna Birth Centenary

පාස්කු බෝම්බකරුට බදියුදීන් වට්ටම් දීලා..- සාක්‍ෂි ලැබෙයි..

July 1st, 2020

උපුටාගැණීම ලංකාදීප

පාස්කු ඉරු දින සිනමන් ග්‍රෑන්ඩ් හෝටලයේදී මරාගෙන මැරෙන බෝම්බයක් පුපුරවා ගත් මොහොමඩ් ඉන්ෂාෆ් අහමඩ් නැමැත්තාට අයත් වූ තඹ නිෂ්පාදනය කරන කොලෝසස් පුද්ගලික සමාගමට අධික ලාභයක් ලැබෙන ලෙස, හිටපු කර්මාන්ත සහ වාණිජ කටයුතු අමාත්‍යවරයකු වූ රිෂාද් බදියුදීන් මහතා කාර්මික සංවර්ධන මණ්ඩලය හරහා වට්ටම් ලබා දී ඇති බව කාර්මික සංවර්ධන මණ්ඩලයේ අලෙවි අධ්‍යක්ෂ සරත් උදයසිරි මහතා පාස්කු ඉරු දින බෝම්බ ප්‍රහාර මාලාව පිළිබඳ විමර්ශන සිදුකරන ජනාධිපති කොමිසම හමුවේ සාක්ෂි ලබාදෙමින් (01) ප්‍රකාශ කළේය.

කාර්මික සංවර්ධන මණ්ඩලයේ ඇස්තමේන්තුගත ලේඛනවලට අනුව කොලෝසස් පුද්ගලික සමාගමට වාසි සහගත ලෙස තඹ අමුද්‍රව්‍ය විකිණීම නිසා එම මණ්ඩලයට රුපියල් මිලියන ගණනක පාඩුවක් සිදු වී ඇති බවද, සරත් උදයසිරි මහතා සඳහන් කළේය.

කොලෝසස් පුද්ගලික සමාගමට එලෙස අධික ලාභයක් ලැබීමට සැලැස්වීම නිසා පාඩු සිදු වූ තඹ අමුද්‍රව්‍ය මිලදීගන්නා අනිකුත් සමාගම් කාර්මික සංවර්ධන මණ්ඩලය වෙත දිගින් දිගටම පැමිණිලි ඉදිරිපත් කර තිබූ බවද ඒ මහතා කියාසිටියේය.

සරත් උදයසිරි මහතා මෙලෙස ප්‍රකාශ කරසිටියේ 2017 වර්ෂයේ සිට 2019 වර්ෂය දක්වා කාර්මික සංවර්ධන මණ්ඩලයේ විකුණුම් ලේඛනවල සඳහන් තොරතුරු ජනාධිපති කොමිසම හමුවේ හෙළිදරව් කරමිනි.

පාස්කු ඉරු දින බෝම්බ ප්‍රහාර මාලාව පිළිබඳ විමර්ශන කරන ජනාධිපති කොමිසම අභියාචනාධිකරණ විනිසුරු ජනක් ද සිල්වා මහතාගේ ප්‍රධානත්වයෙන් බණ්ඩාරනායක අනුස්මරණ ජාත්‍යන්තර සම්මන්ත්‍රණ ශාලාවේ ස්ථාපිත කොට තිබෙන විශේෂ කාර්යාලයේදී රැස්විය.

The Problem of ‘Colonial Science’

July 1st, 2020

By Asha de Vos Courtesy Scientific American

Conservation projects in the developing world should invest in local scientific talent and infrastructure

The Problem of 'Colonial Science'
Credit: Getty Images

As a Sri Lankan marine biologist, I have often found myself challenging stereotypes. At the beginning, some of my fellow Sri Lankans questioned my choice of career path. Despite coming from a tropical island with jurisdiction over eight times more ocean area than land area most people had never heard of, let alone met, a marine biologist. Historically countries like mine used the ocean as a space of extraction and not protection. Studying to become a marine biologist was not, and still is not, possible in my island home. After this declaration and one degree down, I made my first discovery and was ready to launch my marine conservation career. Young and naive I did not understand that the road ahead would question my capabilities based on where I came from rather than