BBS CONVENTION IN KANDY, JULY 7, 2019

July 20th, 2019

By Rohana R. Wasala

The Bodu Bala Sena organization held (seemingly the first edition of) its Siv Hele Maha Samuluwa or National Convention of Siv Hela  at the Bogambara Grounds in Kandy on July 7, 2019. Its purpose was, presumably, to propose a democratic, non-violent way out of the present political morass that the country is engulfed in. (Siv Hela is an ancient name for Sri Lanka. A commonly accepted conjecture is: Siv Hela > Sihela> Sinhale > Ceilao > Ceylon. Literally, the phrase means the Country of the Four Helas. Hela Diva or the ‘Island of the Hela’ was another classical name for the country. The people of the island were called Helaya3.s. The significance of the name ‘Siv Hela’ is that it includes all the people who make the country their home, as it did in ancient times. The idea of unity in diversity is implicit in that name. When the well known historical, geographical, political, social, cultural and geopolitical factors are taken into consideration, there is no better way to restore and reinforce Sri Lanka’s national unity than to democratically re-establish, in the form of a modern secular democracy, the Sinhalese Buddhist State that came into being with the official introduction of Buddhism and the simultaneous inception of the Buddha Sasanaya nearly 2300 years ago. It has persisted down the ages, though perhaps not more than a nuclear entity at adverse times caused by numerous foreign invasions and internal divisions. The problem for the false guardians of democracy in the West is their failure or unwillingness to accept the fact that the principles of secular democratic good governance were anticipated by the long line of Sinhalese Buddhist kings from Dewanampiya Tissa {307-267 BCE} down to Sri Wickrema Rajasinghe {1798-1815}).  The Buddhist state, of course, was subject to the pressures exerted by the inevitable internal and external challenges that it had to tackle in each specific period of its history like any other sovereign state.

Incidentally, a popular myth among most Sri Lankans that sometimes assumes significance in the context of Tamil Sinhala interactive politics concerns the racial identity of the last mentioned king: It is falsely claimed that he was a Tamil. He was not a Tamil. The ruling family (the Nayakkars or Nayakas) in Tamil Nadu that he belonged to was from the northern area known as the Telangana State today and they were Telugu speakers. So Sri Wikrama, though a Dravidian, was not Tamil. However, having been born and bred in Sri Lanka, he was fluent in Sinhala as much as Telugu, and he was fluent in Tamil as well. In Sri Lanka, he and his people were called Vadugas or Northerners. The Kandian kings had a tradition of bringing their queens from Madurai. The last native Sinhalese king, Narendrasinghe (but, biologically as much Nayaka as Sinhala, as Gananath Obeysekere describes him in ‘The Doomed King’ pub. Sail Fish, Colombo, 2017, the source for this information) known as Sellam Nirindu or Playboy king, was issueless. So he made the brother of his wife juva-raja or sub-king. Consequently on his death in 1747, that Nayaka brother-in-law of his was crowned king. This was the great Kirti Sri Rajasinghe the first Nayaka Buddhist king who ruled till 1782. All the Nayaka kings including the last were recognized by the Kandyans as their sovereigns, not because they were Tamil, Telugu or some other variety of Dravidians, but because the Kandyan Sinhalese accepted them as Sinhala Buddhist kings. This is similar to the racial ancestry of the present British monarch queen Elizabeth II. The dynastic family to which she belongs, the House of Windsors, is of German paternal descent. The original name of the dynasty was ‘the House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha’. The name ‘the House of Windsor’ was adopted on July 17, 1917 due to anti-German sentiment in the British empire; it was during World War I (1914-18). Who argues that Elizabeth II is a German queen? 

To resume the main topic, the writer watched the proceedings on the Asian Mirror TV broadcast live from Sri Lanka. Named ‘Daeyama Eka Rodata’ ‘The Whole Nation Gathered into One Mass’ and blessed by the Venerable Mahanayakes of the Three Nikayas, it was attended by a large number of yellow-robed bhikkhus and bhikkhunis, and lay Buddhists clad in white. (The size of the assemblage could have been even larger but for the severity of obstructions  that the BBS had to contend with, and the fear psychosis that gripped the nation after the April 21 Islamist terror attacks.) They were a representative crowd that came from many parts of the country. In addition to erudite monks, the Vedda Chief Uruvarige Vannila Aeththo – hereditary leader of the forest-dwelling Vedda minority – was among the main speakers. The convention was attended by members of other racial and religious communities as well, including Tamils and Catholics. At the end of his one and a half hour long speech, Ven. Gnanasara Thera thanked all those who contributed in various ways to the success of the meeting which had to be organized amidst numerous difficulties and obstacles; he also thanked the media persons who were there to cover the event. This timely national reawakening rally in the form of a BBS Convention was meticulously well organized and it was completely devoid of party politics, while embracing representatives from all communities and religions. The only fly in the ointment was the presence of a single active politician, of whom, on the top of it, Ven. Gnanasara made special mention. He must have genuine reasons for this; Sumathipala may be a contributor of funds for BBS, and he may be involved in Buddhist resurgence activities. A national event of its nature on such a large scale was probably unprecedented in independent Sri Lanka.

Despite that, looks like, even within Sri Lanka, the event did not receive the massive media coverage it really deserved. Except for the social media, it would have passed globally unnoticed. This was not unexpected because the money-controlled media have turned Ven Gnanasara into a terrorist worse than Prabhakaran or Saharan, and the Buddhists into extremists, and Jihadists into peace doves. This is regrettable. Native Sri Lankans, wherever they are at present, can understand  the determination of the large concourse of the ‘sivvanak pirisa’ or the ‘fourfold assembly,’ (male and female monks and the male and female lay followers), as the classic Buddhist congregation is traditionally described. Outsiders who have no familiarity with the dominant Buddhist cultural tradition of the country or feel no empathy with people who share moral values derived from that tradition might only see it as a brazen show of Sinhalese Buddhist nationalist extremism. There is no such extremism involved here. The show of heightened Sinhalese Buddhist nationalism was immediately triggered by the mindless Wahhabi terrorism that caused such mayhem and destruction of property recently. It was probably a great disappointment for critics of imagined Sinhalese Buddhist extremists that they got no opportunity to blame them for the gruesome violence on April 21; their chagrin grew when they found that Buddhist monks immediately got involved in the voluntary rescue work trying to bring every possible form of relief and consolation to the victims. 

This writer doesn’t think that there is no media freedom in Sri Lanka. But considering the pall of implicit censorship, apparently self-imposed by the mainstream media, that hangs over the legitimate activities of grassroots nationalist organizations that claim to stand up for the threatened vital interests of the majority community,  it is as if over 75% of the Sri Lankan population are being denied their democratic right to freedom of expression; the rightness or the wrongness of their views is a different matter. This virtual media asphyxiation of the rising public awareness of the existential danger that all communities, especially the Sinhalese majority, are facing must be recognized and countered.  This is especially menacing, given the present government’s indefinite postponement of provincial council elections. This virtual throttling of democracy is done by the powers that be for their own ends, which are clearly not in the interest of the Sri Lankan people. A government cannot do this with impunity because the politically conscious Sri Lankans, particularly the most social media savvy millennials (25-40 year olds) and the younger new voters (18-24 year olds) do not now entirely depend on the mainstream media. They are the ones who are most aware of the cruel irony of victims of violent racial and religious extremism of some sections of the minorities being condemned, persecuted and silenced as racists and extremists merely for trying to reveal to the civilized world what they are actually experiencing. (The victims here are the majority Sinhalese.)Those who want to stay in power only because they feel a need to keep promises made to foreign powers as quid pro quo for helping them to gain power must remember that any governmental meddling with the social media is going to prove counterproductive. 

The ‘reconciliation’ that  powers that be claim is being threatened by the activities of the BBS is only a threadbare slogan that they invented to destabilize Sri Lanka. There has been no need for any special reconciliation, because ordinary Sri Lankans of all communities were living in harmony even during periods of the most violent confrontations between the state’s security forces and the separatist terrorists at the time of the nearly thirty year long conflict. The majority Sinhalese and minority Tamils were not at war with each other; the government military was not targeting ordinary Tamils, who were as much at the receiving end of terrorism as all others. But the Tamil separatists, certain NGO mercenaries thriving on the suffering of innocents, and geopolitical players and their local beneficiaries created the myth of a communal conflict between the Sinhalese and Tamil communities. Now they have succeeded in introducing a religious dimension to this in the form of the Wahhabist incursion under the suspected secret patronage of the same obnoxious global  gamesters. 

Any opportunity that offers itself for the BBS bashing media channels to attack it by misinterpreting or distorting whatever it says or does in the pursuit of its genuine national goals is never given a miss by them since they are in the thrall of those gamesome monsters of global power politics. A news report about the BBS Convention in Kandy written by Buddhika Samaraweera and published in the July 9, 2019 edition of Ceylon Today’s weekly newsletter is an excellent piece of typical misreportage. It is a string of lies. It will do to mention a few illustrative distortions it contains: According Samaraweera, Gnanasara Thera said ‘action will be taken to set up a Sinhalese Parliament, reliable for the people, adding that everyone should to work together to restore the traditional systems of governance, which were lost with the subjugation of Sri Lanka by Great Britain in 1815’. The monk said no such thing. It is a willfully garbled version of the Thera’s words. What he said was that MPs representing the majority Sinhalese must be able to form a government without depending on the help of communalist minority parties.This is to prevent the majority being unduly dominated by minorities as has been happening for decades now. There is no fear of the minorities being neglected. A Sinhala nationalist dominated government will look after minority interests better than the racists that represent them now; nationalist minority politicians will invariably participate in such a government

Again, Buddhika Samaraweera mistranslates the monk thus: People were forsaken in the democratic concept introduced to Sri Lanka by the United Kingdom in 1948. People have been deceived by this method and the people have not been able to choose who is suitable and who is not suitable for the Parliament or governance, and people have as a result, been rendered helpless due to the actions of the present rulers  ……”. This is not what Ven. Gnanasara said. He actually upholds the democracy; what he was saying was that the democratic system is being abused to the detriment of the people, particularly, the majority Sinhalese through mishandled party politics. The few racists among minority politicians exploit the divisions in the majority electorate that is non-racist and have never voted as voting bloc. What the monk is saying is that we have had enough of dividing ourselves on party lines and allowing ourselves to be unfairly dominated by opportunistic minority politicians; let us also persuade the Sinhalese to cast their vote as a voting block for once. This will make minority voters to think in terms of national interest rather than communal interest.  

A highlight at the well attended BBS Convention was the public announcement of a set of proposals for the Sinhala Buddhist state to be democratically set up in the future. It included nine items, which can be very briefly summarized thus (any misinterpretation that could occur is completely unintended):1. effective implementation of Article 9 – which concerns the status of Buddhism – of the existing constitution until a new constitution is enacted in due course; the term ‘Buddhasasanaya’ must be defined to facilitate this; 2. restoration of the Sinhala state, and the restructure of all relevant institutions based on it, the Sinhalese should be defined as bhumiputras, dividing people according to religion should be stopped, so Muslims should be called Sinhala Muslims, Catholics as Sinhala Catholics, Christians as Sinhala Christians, etc., the Sinhala State should be recognized as the homeland of all  3. For national security a central operational command centre should be established, all kinds of separatism (religious, racial, etc.) should be banned; 4. preservation of national heritage sites, protection and promotion of the Sinhala language and literature, traditional Sinhala medical knowledge, etc.; 5. There will be one country-one nation-one law, and a new electoral system will be introduced; 6. a sound economy with special attention to the agrarian sector, a ‘web-baendi rajyaya’ (based on the concept of ancient waev baedi rajyaya) i.e., an IT and knowledge based economy should be established; 7. introduction of the English medium after the primary level for a patriotic education system, proper population management, development of a national policy for health and nutrition; 8. proper management of housing, infrastructure facilities, human settlement, and population; irregular sterilization targeting Sinhalese mothers should be immediately stopped, a population control system that is common to all communities should be introduced; and 9. Health and nutrition should be based on a broad national policy that recognizes a favourable combination of Sinhala, Ayurveda, and Western medical systems, halal certified food should be restricted to the relevant community, it should not be imposed on non-Muslims by force.  

The proposal for the restoration of the Sinhala state that was ceded to the British empire in 1815 needs to be understood as an ultimate reaction to the continued machinations of forces that are opposed to the majority Sinhalese reasserting themselves as an independent sovereign nation in their own homeland of countless millennia, sharing it, as equal citizens, with a number of minorities of different racial, cultural, linguistic, and religious identities. 

The ending of separatist terrorism in 2009 reassured all these communities in their accustomed peaceful coexistence, promising a politically stable Sri Lanka that started making strides in every sphere economic, social and human development. But soon this was cut short by the powers that be to whom the survival of the Sinhalese people who have abundant written and epigraphical records of their over 2500 year unbroken history as a sovereign nation state is of no concern.The emergence of a strong sovereign state with control over Sri Lanka’s land, air, and maritime resources is probably thought to be not in the best interest of the global powers competing in the region. 

Election carrots, at nation’s expense

July 20th, 2019

Laksiri Warnakula

…….Everybody knew that it was a carrot, for it was orange with a green top” – Rowan Atkinson aka Mr Bean in one of his stage presentations

Another season of carrots has dawned. And the above regarding carrots came to my mind, of Rev. Bean reading a passage from his gospel to his congregation.


Now they are just beginning to pop up once again from various plots belonging to various owners. However, does everybody know as Rev. Bean says that they are just carrots? 

On offer are or will be few varieties and you may also see some dangling in front of you, just beyond your reach though. Some carrots are quite nice with a healthy orange tan and equally healthy tops of several colours and you can actually eat and taste them with relish. Some perhaps are not fresh, yet still edible. And some are but well and truly rotten and you can smell them from miles away with their givers in company.

Since we have had a few of these carrot seasons come and go through the political ‘farmland’ (I opted for this word instead of the clichéd ‘landscape’) of our country over a period of not so short seven decades, one would expect that our people now are quite capable of recognising a carrot for a carrot, whether it is with a green top, blue top or a red top etc., fresh or old and rotten.


Alas. No. They or the majority still seem to fall for it and run for it until they realise as has happened before that it was indeed a carrot and nothing else. And once the carrot season is over and the carrots disappear, it will be once again back to the same old and barren farmland with people yearning for at least the sight of a carrot dangling in front of them.

For the sake of brevity, I will give you just two examples of carrots that you may have seen and heard about already, these days. 

One carrot in the form of ‘tabs to school children’ has already been given, with perhaps more to come. This is while we have school children, who are still short of even the very basic needs at their impoverished rural schools. So before the tabs, there is a lot more to be done such as improving their health, hygiene and other amenities at their schools. If the learned Minister thinks that the tab is a must, let it be so, by all means. However, please do not forget the rest. The other day I saw a photo on Facebook with some rural school children wearing helmets for the fear that the roof above them in their classroom may come crashing down on them. Perhaps it was made up. However, the message that it gives to us is clear and I am sure that such scenarios are not far from reality, nowadays.


And the other is a classic. This particular ‘carrot-giver’ is preparing/proposing to give free electricity to religious places of worship. This is a very big carrot indeed and the ‘donor’ is acting as if the electricity for this seemingly benevolent project, a carrot of benevolence, is going to be generated in the backyard of his home and distributed at his own expense.

Aren’t they spending money on election gimmicks as if they own the treasury and also aiming to boost their ego too at the same time? And another comes to my mind; ‘make a name while you can, by hook or by crook’, which is a supplement to the familiar ‘make hay, while the sun shines’

Let us not fall for the carrots any more, like we have done many times before!

Laksiri Warnakula

ජනාධිපති ධූර කාලය අවුරුදු හයයි?

July 20th, 2019

ආචාර්ය වරුණ චන්ද්‍රකීර්ති

මේ මාතෘකාව දැක්ක ගමන් අපේ කට්ටිය කලබල වෙන්න පුළුවන්. 19 වැනි ව්‍යවස්ථා සංශෝධනයෙන් ජනාධිපතිවරයාගේ ධූර කාලය අවුරුදු පහකට අඩු කළා කියන එක නොදන්න කෙනෙක් නැති තරම්. මේ කාරණය තහවුරු කරගන්න හැම කෙනෙක් ම බලන්නේ අපේ ආණ්ඩුක්‍රම ව්‍යවස්ථාවේ තියෙන ජනරජයේ ජනාධිපතිවරයා” ගැන කියැවෙන 30 වැනි ව්‍යවස්ථාව. ඒකට අයිති දෙවැනි අනුව්‍යවස්ථාවේ (ඒ කියන්නේ 30. 2 අනුව්‍යවස්ථාවේ) මෙහෙම තියෙනවා.

ජනරජයේ ජනාධිපතිවරයා ජනතාව විසින් තෝරා පත් කර ගනු ලැබිය යුතු අතර පස් අවුරුදු කාලයක් ධූරය දරන්නේ ය.

ඉතින් මේ කාරණය මෙච්චර පැහැදිළිව කියලා තියෙද්දිත් ජනාධිපතිතුමාගේ ධූර කාලය අවුරුදු හයයි කියලා කියන එකේ තේරුම මොකක්ද කියලා කාට හරි අහන්න පුළුවන්.

ඇත්තෙන් ම මේ කියන කාරණයට අදාළ තීරක විධිවිධාන තියෙන්නේ උඩින් කියපු 30. (2) අනුව්‍යවස්ථාවේ නෙවෙයි. මේ ගැන හරියට ම අදාළ කරුණු තියෙන්නේ 83 ව්‍යවස්ථාවේ. 83 ව්‍යවස්ථාව තරම් තීරක වෙනත් ව්‍යවස්ථාවක් අපේ ආණ්ඩුක්‍රම ව්‍යවස්ථාවේ තියෙනවා කියලා හිතන්න අමාරුයි. මේ 83 වැනි ව්‍යවස්ථාවෙන් අපේ ආණ්ඩුක්‍රම ව්‍යවස්ථාවේ තියෙන ව්‍යවස්ථා දහයකුත් අනුව්‍යවස්ථා දෙකකුත් ඉතා හොඳින් ආවරණය කරලා, ආරක්‍ෂා කරලා තියෙනවා. ඒ, අදාළ ව්‍යවස්ථා දහයත් අනුව්‍යවස්ථා දෙකත් වෙනස් කරන්න ඕන නම් ජනමත විචාරණයක අනුමැතිය උවමනා බව සඳහන් කිරීමෙන්.

ව්‍යවස්ථාවක හරි අනුව්‍යවස්ථාවක හරි යම් වෙනස්කිරීමක් කියලා කියන්නේ අදාළ ව්‍යවස්ථාව එහෙම නැතිනම් අනුව්‍යවස්ථාව සංශෝධනය කිරීම, එහෙමත් නැතිනම් ඒක මුළුමනින් ම ඉවත්කිරීම (ඒ කියන්නේ පරිච්ඡින්න කිරීම), තිබුණු එක වෙනුවට අලුත් ම එකක් පැනැවීම (ඒ කියන්නේ, ප‍්‍රතියෝජනය). ඉතින්, උඩින් කියපු විදිහට 83 වැනි ව්‍යවස්ථාවෙන් ආවරණය කරලා තියෙන ව්‍යවස්ථා දහයෙන් සහ අනුව්‍යවස්ථා දෙකෙන් එකක් හරි වෙනස් කරන්න ඕනකමක් තියෙනවා නම් (ඒ කියන්නේ, සංශෝධනය කරන්න, පරිච්ඡින්න කරන්න, ප්‍රතියෝජනය කරන්න ඕනකමක් තියෙනවා නම්) ඒක පාර්ලිමේන්තුවට විතරක් කරන්න බෑ. ඒ වැඩේට ජනමත විචාරණයක් තියලා ජනතාවගේ අනුමැතියත් ගන්න ඕන.

ඒ විතරක් නෙවෙයි.

උඩින් කියපු විදිහට 83 වැනි ව්‍යවස්ථාවෙන් ආවරණය කරලා තියෙන ව්‍යවස්ථා දහයට සහ අනුව්‍යවස්ථා දෙකට අනනුකූල (ඒ කියන්නේ, අනුකූල නැති) පනත් කෙටුම්පතක්වත් පාර්ලිමේන්තුවට තනියෙන් සම්මත කරගන්න බෑ. ඒ වැඩේටත් ජනමත විචාරණයක් ති‍යලා ජනතාවගේ අනුමැතිය ලබාගන්න ඕන. ඉතින් 83 ව්‍යවස්ථාවේ තියෙන මේ විධිවිධාන ගැන අපේ අවධානය ඉතා හොඳින් යොමු වෙන්න ඕන.

දැන් අපි ඒ වැඩේ පටන්ගනිමු.

83 ව්‍යවස්ථාව හැදිලා තියෙන්නේ අනුව්‍යවස්ථා දෙකකින්. ඒ අනුව්‍යවස්ථා දෙක නම් කරලා තියෙන්නේ 83. (අ) සහ 83. (ආ) කියලා. යම් කිසි සංශෝධනයකට ජනමත විචාරණයක අනුමැතිය අවශ්‍ය වන ව්‍යවස්ථා දහය සඳහන් කරලා තියෙන්නේ 83. (අ) අනුව්‍යවස්ථාවේ. සංශෝධනයකට ජනමත විචාරණයක අනුමැතිය අවශ්‍ය අනුව්‍යවස්ථා දෙක සඳහන් කරලා තියෙන්නේ 83. (ආ) අනුව්‍යවස්ථාවේ.

සංශෝධනය කරන්න ජනමත විචාරණයක අනුමැතිය අවශ්‍ය ව්‍යවස්ථා දහය මොනවා ද කියන එක 83. (අ) අනුව්‍යවස්ථාවේ ඉතාමත් පැහැදිළිව දක්වලා තියෙනවා. ඒ, මේ විදිහට.

1 වැනි, 2 වැනි, 3 වැනි, 6 වැනි, 7 වැනි, 8 වැනි, 9 වැනි, 10 වැනි සහ 11 වැනි ව්‍යවස්ථාවල හෝ මේ ව්‍යවස්ථාවෙහි හෝ විධිවිධාන සංශෝධනය කිරීම සඳහා වූ හෝ පරිච්ඡින්න කොට ප‍්‍රතියෝජනය කිරීම සඳහා වූ හෝ ඒ ව්‍යවස්ථාවල යම් විධිවිධානයකට අනනුකූල වන්නා වූ හෝ පනත් කෙටුම්පතකට …

1, 2, 3, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, සහ 83 කියන ව්‍යවස්ථා දහය ගැන තමයි මේ කියන්නේ. මෙතැන 83 ව්‍යවස්ථාව ගැන කියලා තියෙන්නේ මේ ව්‍යවස්ථාව” කියලා. ඒ හින්දා මේක එක සැරේ ම කෙනෙක්ගේ අවධානයට ලක් නොවෙන්න පුළුවන්. මේ සඳහන ඉතාමත් වැදගත් එකක්. 1, 2, 3, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10 සහ 11 කියන ව්‍යවස්ථා නවයට අවශ්‍ය ආවරණය සහතික වෙන්නේ 83 ව්‍යවස්ථාවටත් ඒ ආරක්‍ෂාව තියෙනවා නම් විතරයි. එහෙම නැතිනම් පාර්ලිමේන්තුවට පුළුවන් 83 ව්‍යවස්ථාව වෙනස්කරලා 1, 2, 3, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, සහ 11 කියන ව්‍යවස්ථා නවයත් හිතෙන හිතෙන විදිහට වෙනස් කරන්න. ඉතින් ඒ මූලික ව්‍යවස්ථා නවයට තියෙන ජනතා ආරක්‍ෂාව 83 වැනි ව්‍යවස්ථාවටත් ලබාදීලා තියෙනවා.

මේ කාරණය හින්දා 1978 ඉඳලා මේ වන කල් ම 1, 2, 3, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, සහ 83 කියන ව්‍යවස්ථා කිසිම වෙනසකට භාජනය වෙලා නෑ. ඒවා 1978 හඳුන්වලා දීපු විදිහට ම තවම තියෙනවා. අවස්ථාවෝචිත පරිදි ජනාධිපතිවරයාගේ ධුර කාලය සාවුරුද්දක් ඉක්මවා දීර්ඝ කරන්නා වූ නැතහොත් පාර්ලිමේන්තුව පවත්නා කාලය සාවුරුද්දක් ඉක්මවා දීර්ඝ කරන්නා වූ” කියලා 83. (ආ) අනුව්‍යවස්ථාවේ තියෙන සඳහනින් ම මේ ආරක්‍ෂාවේ තරම තේරුම්ගන්න පුළුවන්. 19 වැනි ව්‍යවස්ථා සංශෝධනයෙන් පස්සේ ජනාධිපතිවරයාගේ ධූර කාලය අවුරුදු පහක් බවට 30. (2) අනුව්‍යවස්ථාවේත් පාර්ලිමේන්තුවේ කාලය අවුරුද පහක් බවට 62. (2) අනුව්‍යවස්ථාවේත් සඳහන් කරලා තිබුණාට ඒකට අදාළ කාරණය තවමත් 83. (ආ) අනුව්‍යවස්ථාවේ තියෙන්නේ සාවුරුද්දක්” කියලා.

30. (2) සහ 62. (2) අනුව්‍යවස්ථාවල අවුරුදු පහක් කියද්දි 83. (ආ) අනුව්‍යවස්ථාවේ සාවුරුද්දක් (අවුරුදු හයක්) කියලා තියෙන්නේ ඇයි? උත්තරය ඉතාමත් පැහැදිළියි. ඒකට හේතුව තමයි 83 ව්‍යවස්ථාවට ලබාදීලා තියෙන ආවරණය. ඒ ව්‍යවස්ථාවේ අකුරක් හරි වෙනස්කරනවා නම් ඒ වැඩේට ජනමත විචාරණයක අනුමැතිය ලබාගන්න ඕන. ඉතින් 19 වැනි සංශෝධනයෙන් මොන දේ කළත් 83 ව්‍යවස්ථාව වෙනස් කරන්න බැරිවුනා. 1978 හඳුන්වලා දීපු විදිහට ම 83 වැනි ව්‍යවස්ථාව තවමත් තියෙනවා.

මේ ආකාරයෙන් ම ජනමත විචාරණයක අනුමැතිය නැතිව වෙනස්කරන්න බැරි විදිහට අනුව්‍යවස්ථා දෙකක් 83 වැනි ව්‍යවස්ථාවේ (ආ) අනුව්‍යවස්ථාවෙන් ආවරණය කරලා තියෙනවා. ඒ තමයි 30. (2) සහ 62. (2) කියන අනුව්‍යවස්ථා දෙක.

30. (2) අනුව්‍යවස්ථාවෙන් කාරණා දෙකක් කියනවා. ඒ අතර තියෙන මූලික ම කාරණය තමයි ජනරජයේ ජනාධිපතිවරයා ජනතාව විසින් තෝරා පත් කර ගනු ලැබිය යුතු” බව. දෙවැනි කාරණය තමයි ඒ විදිහට ජනතාව විසින් තෝරා පත් කරගන්නා ජනාධිපතිවරයාගේ ධූර කාලය. 62. (2) අනුව්‍යවස්ථාවෙන් කියන්නේ එක කාරණයයි. ඒකෙන් කියන්නේ පාර්ලිමේන්තුවේ කාලය.

83. (ආ) අනුව්‍යවස්ථාවෙන් ජනාධිපතිවරයා ජනතාව විසින් තෝරා ගත් කරගත යුතු බවට වන විධිවිධානයත්, ජනාධිපතිවරයාගේ ධූර කාලයට සහ පාර්ලිමේන්තුවේ කාලයට අදාළ විධිවිධානත් ආවරණය කරනවා.

ඒ, මේ විදිහට.

30 වැනි ව්‍යවස්ථාවේ (2) වැනි අනුව්‍යවස්ථාවේ නැතහොත් 62 වැනි ව්‍යවස්ථාවේ (2) වැනි අනුව්‍යවස්ථාවේ විධිවිධාන සංශෝධනය කිරීම හෝ පරිච්ඡින්න කොට ප‍්‍රතියෝජනය කිරීම හෝ සඳහා වූ නැතහොත් ඒ විධිවිධානවලට අනනුකූල වන්නා වූ ද, අවස්ථාවෝචිත පරිදි ජනාධිපතිවරයාගේ ධුර කාලය සාවුරුද්දක් ඉක්මවා දීර්ඝ කරන්නා වූ නැතහොත් පාර්ලිමේන්තුව පවත්නා කාලය සාවුරුද්දක් ඉක්මවා දීර්ඝ කරන්නා වූ ද පනත් කෙටුම්පතකට … (ජනමත විචාරණයක අනුමැතිය අවශ්‍යයි).

මේ කාරණය අපි පැහැදිළි කරගනිමු.

මෙතැන නැතහොත්” කියන වචනය තුන් වතාවක් යෙදිලා තියෙනවා. පළමු වතාවට ඒ වචනය යොදලා තියෙන්නේ මේ අනුව්‍යවස්ථාවෙන් පනවලා තියෙන විධිවිධාන 30. (2) අනුව්‍යවස්ථාවට වගේ ම 62. (2) අනුව්‍යවස්ථාවටත් අදාළයි කියන අදහස ප්‍රකාශ කරන්න. දෙවැනි වතාවට ඒ වචනය යොදලා තියෙන්නේ මේ අනුව්‍යවස්ථාවෙන් පනවලා තියෙන විධිවිධාන උක්ත අනුව්‍යවස්ථා දෙක (ඒ කියන්නේ 30. 2 සහ 62. 2) සංශෝධනය කරන්න, පරිච්ඡින්න කරන්න (ඒ කියන්නේ ඉවත්කරන්න), ප්‍රතියෝජනය කරන්න (තිබෙන විධිවිධාන වෙනුවට අලුත් ඒවා පනවන්න) වගේ ම ඒ තිබෙන විධිවිධානවලට අනුකූල නැති විධිවාධාන පනවන්නත් අදාළයි කියන අදහස ප්‍රකාශ කරන්න. තුන්වැනි වතාවට ඒ වචනය යොදලා තියෙන්නේ මේ අනුව්‍යවස්ථාවෙන් පනවලා තියෙන විධිවිධාන ජනාධිපතිවරයාගේ ධූර කාලය අවුරුදු හයකට වඩා දීර්ඝ කරන්න වගේ ම පාර්ලිමේන්තුවේ කාලය අවුරුදු හයකට වඩා දීර්ඝ කරන්නත් අදාළයි කියන අදහස ප්‍රකාශ කරන්න.

ඉතින් 30. (2) සහ 62. (2) කියන අනුව්‍යවස්ථා දෙක වෙනස්කරන වැඩේට අදාළ සෑම විධිවිධානයක් ම මේ 83. (ආ) අනුව්‍යවස්ථාවෙන් මුළුමනින් ම ආවරණය කරලා තියෙන බව පැහැදිළියි. ඒ අනුව්‍යවස්ථාවෙන් කියැවෙන විදිහට 30. (2) සහ 62. (2) වෙනස්කරන්න පුළුවන් වෙන්නේ ජනමත විචාරණයක අනුමැතිය ලබාගත්තොත් විතරයි.

දැන් කාට හරි කියන්න පුළුවන් නෑ, නෑ. මේ කියලා තියෙන්නේ අදාළ කාල සීමා දීර්ඝ කරන එක ගැන විතරයි. 30. (2) සහ 62. (2) වෙනස්කරන්න මේක අදාළ නෑ” කියලා.

ජනරජයේ ජනාධිපතිවරයා ජනතාව විසින් තෝරා පත් කර ගත යුත්තේ ය” කියන කාරණයත් තියෙන්නෙත් 30. (2) අනුව්‍යවස්ථාවේ බව අපි අමතක කරන්න හොඳ නෑ. ජනමත විචාරණයක අනුමැතිය නැතුව 30. (2) වෙනස්කරන්න පුළුවන් නම් ජනරජයේ ජනාධිපතිවරයා ජනතාව විසින් තෝරා පත් කර ගත යුත්තේ ය” කියන කාරණයත් වෙනස් කරන්න පාර්ලිමේන්තුවට පුළුවන්. මේක කරන්න පුළුවන් දෙයක් ද?

ඒ හින්දා 83. (ආ) අනුව්‍යවස්ථාවෙන් ආවරණය කරන්නේ 30. (2) සහ 62. (2) කියන අනුව්‍යවස්ථා දෙක වෙනස්කිරීමට අදාළ සම්පූර්ණ කාරණය ම කියන එක අපි අමතක කරන්න හොඳ නෑ.

හැබැයි 19 වැනි සංශෝධනයෙන් 30. (2) සහ 62. (2) වෙනස් කරලා. දැන් 83. (ආ) කියන අනුව්‍යවස්ථාවේ තියෙනවා අදාළ කාල සීමා හය අවුරුද්දකට වඩා වෙනස් කරන්න නම් ජනමත විචාරණයක අනුමැතිය ඕන කියලා. එතැන හය අවුරුද්ද වෙනස් කරලා නෑ. හැබැයි 30. (2) සහ 62. (2) තිබුණු හය අවුරුදු කාලය වෙනස් කරලා. දැන් ඒ අනුව්‍යවස්ථා දෙකේ ම තියෙන්නේ අවුරුදු පහක් කියලා. මෙහෙම වෙනසක් කරන්න ඕන අනුමැතිය ජනමත විචාරණයකින් ලබාගත්තේ නෑ.

2018 අවුරුද්දේ ජනවාරි 11 වැනි දා මේ කාරණය ශ්‍රේෂ්ඨාධිකරණයේ විභාගයට ලක්වුනා. ඒ අවස්ථාවේ  83 ව්‍යවස්ථාවේ තියෙන කරුණු පදනම් කරගෙන හිටපු නීතිපති ජයන්ත ජයසූරිය මහත්තයා අදහස් ඉදිරිපත් කළා. ජනාධිපතිවරයෙක් පත් වුනාම බලයේ ඉන්න ජනාධිපතිවරයාගේ කාල සීමාව අවුරුදු දෙකක් හරි අවුරුදු තුනක් හරි වෙන්න ඕන කියලා නීති ගෙනැල්ලා ඒ කාලය සීමා කරන්න පාර්ලිමේන්තුවට පුළුවන් වෙනවා. මේ වැඩේට ජනමත විචාරණයක් ඕන කියලා නියම කරලා තියෙන්නේ ඒ හින්දා” කියලා ඒ මහත්තයා කිව්වා.

මේකට විරුද්ධව කරුණු කියපු අය කිව්වේ තමන්ගේ කාලය අවුරුදු පහකට අඩු කරගන්න මෛත්‍රිපාල සිරිසේන මහත්තයා කැමැති වෙලා හිටිය බවක්. ඒ කැමැත්ත අපි අගය කරන්න ඕන. හැබැයි කැමැත්තට විතරක් මේ වගේ වැඩ කරන්න බෑ. ආණ්ඩුක්‍රම ව්‍යවස්ථාවෙන් පනවලා තියෙන විධිවිධානවලට අනුව ඒ කැමැත්තට අදාළ වෙනස්කම් කරගන්න ඕන. හිටපු නීතිපති (වර්තමාන අගවිනිසුරු) ජයන්ත ජයසූරිය මහත්තයා මේ කාරණය ඉස්මතු කළා.

ඉතින් ආණ්ඩුක්‍රම ව්‍යවස්ථාවේ 83 ව්‍යවස්ථාව මත පදනම් වෙලා මේ කාරණය ආයෙත් නිරවුල් කරගන්න හදන එකේ වැරැද්දක් නෑ. ඒ විදිහේ විමසීමක් කරන්න ඕන කරන බලය ආණ්ඩුක්‍රම ව්‍යවස්ථාවේ 129. (1) අනුව්‍යවස්ථාවෙන් ජනාධිපතිවරයාට ලබාදීලා තියෙනවා.

ආචාර්ය වරුණ චන්ද්‍රකීර්ති

දෙවෙනි පානදුරා වාදය හා සිංහල බෞද්ද්ධ අන්තවාදය

July 20th, 2019

චන්ද්‍රසිරි විජයවික්‍රම

    මිනිස් හට සොඳුරු ගුණ සහ නුගුණ ඇත
    නිදොස් කෙනෙකු මෙදියත උපදනේ   නැත

    කුරිරු ගොර සපුන්ගේ දළ ගෙහි  විසය
    මදුරු මැසිකැලන්ගේ තුඩ ගෙහි  විසය
    රුදුරු නුහුසුවන්ගේ වල ගෙහි  විසය
    නපුරු දුදනන්ගෙ සිය ලඟෙහිම   විසය
                            සුභාෂිතය 

බුද්ද්ධාගම කියන්නේ බොරුවක්

ක්‍රිස්තුවර්‍ෂ 1873 දී සිදුවුන පානදුරා මහා වාදය සුද්දන්ගේ ආශිර්‍වාදය ඇතිව ඒ කාලයේ සිටි සිංහල ක්‍රිස්තියානීන් විසින් බුද්ද්ධාගමට හා හාමුදුරුවරුන්ට (බුද්ද්ධ ශාසනයට) දිගින් දිගටම අපහාස කරමින් හා අභියෝගකරමින් කරගෙන ගිය ඉල්ලාගෙන කෑමක ඓතිහාසික අවසානයක් විය. 1818 හා 1848 උඩරට සිංහල සමූල ඝාතනවල පසුබිම යටතේ, එවකට පැවති වාතාවරණය සුද්දන්ට කත් ඇද්ද, ඔබේසේකර-ද සේරම්-බණ්ඩාරණායක කළු සුද්දන්ගේ පවුල් වල නියෝජිතයෙකුවූ ජේම්ස් ද අල්විස් (පසුව සිංහල පඬ්වරයෙකුවූ) විසින් තක්සේරුකලේ, තව දශකයක් දෙකක් යන විට බුද්ද්ධාගම ලංකාවෙන් තුරන් වී යනවා යයි යන අනාවැකියකින් ය.

තමන් ගලවා ගැනීමට අද හෝ හෙට හෝ ලඟදීම දියසේන කුමාරයෙක් පහළවේයයි සිතමින් තුවක්කුව ඉදිරියේ අසරණව සිටි දුගී ජනයාට මානසික සැනසීම ලබාදුන් ඔවුන්ගේ ගමේ පන්සලද අහිමිවීයාමේ අවදානම, එසේ නැත්නම් බුද්ද්ධාගම කියන්නේ බොරුවක් ය යන මතවාදය පරාදය කිරීමේ අභියෝගය කරට ගත්තේ මිගෙට්ටුවත්තේ ගුණානන්ද හාමුදුරුවන් විසින් ය. පානදුරේ සිට රත්මලානට ආගමනයවී, 1841 දී පරම ධම්ම් චේතිය පිරිවෙණ ආරම්භකර මෙම ක්‍රිස්තියානි පාලක මතවාදය පැරදවීමට අවශ්‍ය පිරිවෙන් අධ්‍යාපන පසුබිම සකස් කලේ වලානේ ශ්‍රී සිද්ද්ධාර්‍ථ මහනාහිමියන් විසින් ය. උන්වහන්සේගේ මේ පිරිවෙනේ ගෝලයින් දෙනමක් විසින් පසුව විද්‍යෝදය (1873, හික්කඩුවේ ශ්‍රී සුමංගල) හා විද්‍යාලංකාර (1875, රත්මලානේ ශ්‍රී ධර්‍මාලෝක) පිරිවෙන් දෙක ආරම්භ කලේය. මෙය යටත් විජිතවල දුඹුරු පාට බ්‍රිතාන්‍යයින් (කළු සුද්දන්) බෝකිරීම සඳහා අධ්‍යාපන ක්‍රමයක් සැදීමට 1935 දී මැකෝලි සාමි විසින් ඉන්දියාවේදී ඉදිරිපත් කල සැලැස්මට ලංකාවේ පන්සලක හාමුදුරුනමක් දුන් ප්‍රතික්‍රියාවක් වැනි විය.

සුද්දන්ගේ ආණ්ඩුව කුමණ හතුරුකම් කුමන්ත්‍රණ කලත්, නීති පණත් ගෙනාවත් බුද්ද්ධාගමේ පදනම සෙළවීමට කිසිවෙකුටත් නොහැකිවූයේ පානදුරා වාදය මඟින් මිථ්‍යාදෘෂ්ටික මතවාදයක් මතවාදයෙන්ම පරාජය කල නිසාය. අශොක අධිරාජයාට පසු සෙසු ලෝකය බුද්ද්ධාගම ගැන දැනගත්තේ මේ වාදයෙන් පසුවය. අද වනවිට රෝසි සේනානායක, මිසිස් චන්ද්‍රිකා, මංගල සමරවීරලා වැනි කළු සුද්දන් හා එන්ජිිෝ කාරයින් විසින් කරන්නේ මානව හිමිකම් නමැති මතවාදයකට සැඟවී නිර්‍වස්ත්‍රම් පරමං සුඛම් යන හෙළුව පෙන්වීමක් පමණය. එහෙත් රට තුල ක්‍රිස්තියානී මූලධර්‍මවාදයට වඩා බරපතල වහාබ් ශාරියා වසංගතයක් පැතිරෙමින් තිබෙනා බව මුළු රටටම එලිවූයේ අප්‍රියෙල් 21 පාස්කු ප්‍රහාරය නිසාය. මේ දිවයින ආරක්‍ෂාකරණා යම් අදෘෂ්‍යමාන බලවේගයක් ඇතිබව ශාක්සාත් වන්නේ මෙම ප්‍රහාරය නොවන්නට නුදුරු අනාගතයේදී මුළු රටේම සිංහල හා දෙමළ ජනයාව ඔවුන්ට පමණක් දැමූ පරමාණු බෝම්බයක්සේ විනාශවන්නට තිබූ ඉඩ ප්‍රස්ථාව ගැන සිතන විටය.

මුස්ලිම් චන්ද පෙරේතයින්

කොල, නිල්, රතු දේශපාලන පක්‍ෂවල රැකවරණය යටතේ 1980 ගණන්වල සිටම ක්‍රමයෙන්, සෙමින් හා වංචාවෙන් ගොඩනැඟුණ වහාබි-ශාරියා අන්තවාදය පිටුපසින් සිටියේ මුස්ලිම් දේශපාලකයින් අතලොස්සකි. සාම්ප්‍රදායික මුස්ලිම් ජනයාගේ චන්දය ලබාගන්නා ගමන්, අරාබි ඩොලර් ගෙන එන උල්පත් වූ තවුහිද් ජමාද් කල්ලිවලට දේශපාලන රැකවරණය නිලනොලත් අන්දමින් ලබාදීමට මුස්ලිම් දේශපාලන පක්‍ෂ නායක වංකයින්ට හැකිවූයේ පක්‍ෂ දේශපාලකයින්ගේ මුස්ලිම් චන්දවලට ඇති කෑදරකම ඔවුන් දැන සිටි නිසාය. නිල් හා කොල සිංහල පක්‍ෂ තට්ටුමාරු ක්‍රමයට බලයෙන් මාරු වුනත් මුස්ලිම් නායකයින් හැමදාම බලවත් ඇමතිවරු වුනේ මේ නිසාය. දි මු ජයරත්න අගමැති වරක් පාර්ලිමේන්තුවේදී උදන් ඇණුවේ ගම්පොල මුස්ලිම් පක්‍ෂය සඳහා අපේක්‍ෂකයින් නැතිව සිටි විට ඔහු ඊට මැදිහත්ව ඔවුන්ට සිංහල අපේක්‍ෂකයින් ලබාදී මුස්ලිම් පක්‍ෂය සදාදුන් බවය!

පාස්කු ප්‍රහාරය නිසා සිංහල දේශපාලකයින් ගලේ පැහැරූ බළලුන් සේ අන්ද මන්දව සිටී. සිදුවූ ව්‍යසනයෙන් ඊලම් හොද්ද බොරකර ගන්නට හදන සුමන්තිරන්, විග්නේශ්වරන් හා පාක්‍යසෝති වැන්නන් පමණක් නොව ඉංග්‍රීසි පත්තරවලට ලියන සිංහල එන්ජිිෝ ඩොලර් කාක්කන්ද කතාකරන්නේ පාස්කු ප්‍රහාරය ගැන හේතුඵල විමර්‍ශනයක් පිළිඹදව නොව මුස්ලිම් ජනයාගේ මානව හිමිකම්වලට හිරිහැර වෙනවා යන මාතෘකාව පිළිඹදවය. කෙසේ වෙතත් 1948 දී ලැබුණා යයි කියන නිදහසේ සිට අවුරුදු 71 ක් තුල ලංකාවට මෙම කොල, නිල්, රතු පක්‍ෂ දේශපාලක රැළවල් විසින් උරුම කරදී ඇති අවාසනාවන්ත දේශපාලන, ආර්ථික, සමාජීය හා අධ්‍යාත්මක ඉරණමෙන් රට ගොඩ ගැනීම සඳහා මොවුන් ඉවත්කරදැමිය යුතුය යන මහජන මැසිවිල්ලක් දැන් කරලියට මැතුවී ඇත.

ඩොනමෝර්-පිරිත්නූල් බෞද්ද්ධයින්

1921-24 කාලයේ සිටම දේශපාලනයේ සිටි සිංහල කළු සුද්දන් ගියේ යුරෝපීය ක්‍රිස්තියානි චින්තනය මත පදනම්වූ රටට විනාශය ගෙනා පාරකය. මොවුන් සමඟ සහයෝගයෙන් ක්‍රියාකිරීමට ධර්‍මපාලතුමා ගත් උත්සාහයට ඉඩක් නොලැබුනේ ඒ නිසාය. අවසානයේ සිදුවූයේ ඩී එස් සේනානායක, ඩී බී ජයතිලක වැන්නන්ද එකතුව (මාක්ස්වාදීන් ගැන කියනුම කවරේද?) ධර්‍මපාලතුමාව රටින් එලවා ගැනීමය. අඩුතරමින් 1948 න් පසුව වත් සිදුවිය යුතුව තිබුණේ ගම-වැව-දාගැබ යන ත්‍රිත්වය මත ගොඩනැඟුණ, 1815 ට පෙර පැවති බෞද්ද්ධ මධ්‍යම ප්‍රතිපදාවෙන් පණ ගැන් වුන රාජ්‍යපාලන ක්‍රමයකට යෑමය. ඒ වෙනුවට සිදුවූයේ අගමැති ඩී එස් විසින් හේන්පිටගෙදර ඥානසීහ හිමියන්ට දුන්, ආණ්ඩුව සරණං ගච්චාමි කියා ශික්‍ෂා පදයක් නැතැයි යන අවඥා සහගත උත්තරයය. 1948 න් පසු රටේ නියම සිංහල බෞද්ධ පාලකයෙක් සිටියාද යන ප්‍රශ්ණය අසනවිට මට මතක් වන්නේ අගමැති සිරිමා බණ්ඩාරණායක විසින් සංචාරක වීසාවක් මත පැය ගානකටවත් දළදා මාළිගාව වැඳයාමට දලයි ලාමාට ඉඩ නොදුන්නේ චීනයට බයේද යන කතාවය. දැන් අස්ගිරි මහනාහිමියන්ට දලයි ලාමා කරන චෝදනාව ඉතිහාසයේ සරදමක් නොවේද කියා මට සිතේ. මේ හැම දෙනාම කෙළෙස් පිරි පංචස්කන්ධය! 1931 න් පසු සිංහල චන්ද ගන්නට බෞද්ද්ධාගමට මාරුවූ දේශපාලක ඩොනමෝර් බෞද්ද්ධයින් සෝම හාමුදුරුවන්ගේ සැකකටයුතු අපවත්වීමත් (2003) සමඟ එතැන් සිට කඹ වැනි පිරිත්නූල් අතේ බැඳගත් නාමික බෞද්ද්ධයින්ව ඇත.

ඕල්කොට්තුමාගේ ප්‍රාතිහාර්යය

පාස්කු ප්‍රහාරය යනු මැතිවරණ කල් දැමීමට යම් දේශීය-විදේශීය හස්ත ගත් කූඨ සැලැස්මක් පාරා වළල්ල වීමක්ද යන සැකයක් ඇතත් (උදාහරණයක් වශයෙන් ටාජ් සමුද්‍රා බෝම්බ කරුගේ හැසිරීම), 2020 මැතිවරණ රටේ ඉරණම තීරණය කරන බව නම් නිසැකය. පාස්කු ප්‍රහාරයට පෙර ලංකාව දැන් නැත. හිත හොඳ ගෑණුන් සේ පාපිස්සක්ව සිටි හා බුද්ද්ධ සාසන ඇමති යන බොරු අමාත්‍යාංශ හරහා බුද්ද්ධාගම පෝෂණය කරනවා යයි ඔවුන් රවටමින් යටින් වහාබ් වාදීන්ට වාසි ලබාදුන්, විල්පත්තු දේශපාලකයින්ට විරුද්ද්ධව සිංහල බෞද්ද්ධ ජනයාගේ අවදිවීම, ගංගොඩවිල සෝම හිමියන්ගේ උත්සාහය පල දැරීමකි. ඇමෙරිකන් තානාපතිනියට හා රනිල්-චන්ද්‍රිකා ඇතුළු එන්ජිිෝ නඩයට රැවටී, මහත් සිත් වේදනාවෙන් මිය පරලොව ගිය මාදුළුවාවේ සෝභිත හිමියන්ගේ අවතාරය ජාතීද්‍රෝහී යහපාලන හොරුන්ට සාප කිරීමකි. හාමුදුරුවරුන් විශාල වශයෙන් සංවිධානගත නොවීම 1880 ඕල්කොට් ලංකාගමනයෙන් පසු සිදුවී විෂ්මිත දෙයකි. ඊට පෙර බෞද්ද්ධ අධ්‍යාත්මික-සමාජීය සටනට නායකත්වය දුන් පන්සල් පිළිකන්නට ගොස් ගිහි (හා පැවිදි) ඕල්කොට් බෞද්ද්ධයින් පිරිසක් සුක්කානම අතට ගෙන වැඩේ කුරුවල් කලේය. 1956 දී වුනේ ඒ නැස්පත්තියය. 2004 දී ආසන නවයක් දිනාගත් ජාතික හෙළ උරුමය මඟින් සිදුවූයේද සිංහලයින්ට බෞද්ද්ධ දේශපාලනය අරහං කරවීමය. ආනන්ද විද්‍යාලය ආරම්භ කිරීමට ඕල්කොට් විසින් ගෙන ආ ලෙඩ්බෙටර් කලේ ඉන් විශ්‍රාමගත් පසු කලේ ලන්ඩන් ගොස් තමන්ට කලින් පුරුදු පල්ලියේ පූජක වෘත්තියට බැසීමය! ලංකාවේ හාමුදුරුවරුන්ට සිදුවූයේ ඕල්කොට් පක්‍ෂ දේශපාලකයින් අතර බෙදී යාමටය. ඕල්කොට්තුමා බෝධිසත්වයෙක් විය. කළු සුද්දන් ඩොනමෝර් බෞද්ද්ධයින් විය.

වැද්දාගේ දැල හා වටු කුරුල්ලන්ගේ සමඟිය

මෙම අතීත අත්දැකීම් ඉදිරියේ දැනට පෙනෙන ආකාරයට හොඳම උපාය මාර්‍ගය ඉදිරිපත් කරන්නේ බොදු බල සේනාවේ ඥානසාර හිමියන් විසිනි. උන්වහන්සේම කියන ආකාරයට හිරේට ගිය ඥානසාර හා හිරෙන් එලියට ආ ඥානසාර කියන්නේ දෙන්නෙකි. වහාබ්-ශාරියා මතවාදය, මතවාදී සටනකින්ම පරාජය කලයුතුය යන තර්‍කය පිළිගත නොහැකි යම් භික්‍ෂූ සංවිධානයක් මේ අවස්ථාවේ රටේ සිටිය නොහැකිය. දැනට පවතින අසාර්‍ථක, බංකොලොත් දේශපාලන ක්‍රමයට විරුද්ද්ධව හඬනගන නාගානන්ද කොඩිතුවක්කු, රොහාන් පල්ලෙවත්ත හා සර්වෝදයේ වින්‍යා ආරියරත්න යන අයද මෙම මූලික තර්‍කයට එකඟ නොවන්නේ නම් එය ඔවුන් විසින් පැහැදිළි කලයුතු ප්‍රශ්ණයක් වන්නේය.

ශාරියා-වහාබි මතවාදයට විරුද්ද්ධ සටන 1873 පානදුරාවාදයට වඩා කෙතරම් වෙනස්ද යන්න හිස්බුල්ලාගේ අරාබි ශරියා විශ්ව විද්‍යාල මගඩිය, රිෂාඩ්ගේ විල්පත්තු මගඩිය නොව පානදුර අසල බණ්ඩාරගම අටළුගම සිංහල බෞද්ද්ධ පුරුෂයෙකු හා විවාහවූ මුස්ලිම් ස්ත්‍රියට පොලිස් නිලධාරීන් ඉදිරියේම මහපාරේ ගල් ගසා ගෙනයාමේ සිද්ද්ධියෙන් පැහැදිලිවේ. මෙය මීට පෙර අළුත්ගම පන්සලක හාමුදුරුනමකට පොසොන් පෝයදා හිංසා කිරීම හා පන්සල ඉදිරිපිට හරක් ඔළු දැමීමට වඩා වෙනස් භයානක කරුණක් වන්නේ බලයේ ඉන්නා සිංහල දේශපාලකයින්ගේ හා පොලිසියේ අනුදැණුම ඇතුව එය සිදුවීමය. අරාබියේ ක්‍රියාත්මකවන නීතියක්, සිංහල බෞද්ද්ධ ගම් වලින් වටවී තිබෙන මුස්ලිම් පල්ලි හතක්ම ඇති මුස්ලිම් ගම්මානයක මෙසේ එළිපිට ක්‍රියාවේ යොදවන්නට තරම් වහාබි බලය ව්‍යාප්තව ඇතිබව මින් පෙනී යයි.

මෙම මතවාදී යුද්ද්ධය දැන් ඉන්නා පක්‍ෂ දේශපාලකයින්ට විසඳිය නොහැකි බව අටළුගම සිදුවීමෙන් හා පාස්කු ප්‍රහාරයට අදාලව දේශපාලකයින් පාර්ලිමේන්තුවේ හා ඉන්පිටතදී කරණ (හා නොකරණ) ප්‍රකාශ වලින් පැහැදිලිවේ. අවුරුදු 71 ක් තුල දේශපාලකයින් රටට කල විනාශයේ අළුත්ම අර්බුදය මෙම ශාරියා මර උඟුලය. මේ සඳහා රටේ සියළුම පන්සල් හා භික්‍ෂූන් එකමුතුව පෙරමුණ ගතයුතු බව ඥානසාර හිමියන් විසින් පෙන්වා දී තිබේ. මෙහිදී බෞද්ද්ධයින් අතර ආන්දෝලනාත්මක චරිතයක්ව සිටින සිරි සධ්ධම්ම හිමියන්ගේ අදහස් පවා සළකා බැලිය යුතු බව ඥානසාර හිමියෝ පවසති. සංඝ සමාජය එක් ධජයක් යටතේ එකමුතු නොවුනොත්, ඉදිරි මැතිවරණයකදී සිංහල බෞද්ද්ධ රාජ්‍ය පාලන ක්‍රමයක් බිහිකර ගැනීමට ඇති ඓතිහාසික අවස්ථාව රටෙන් ගිලිහී යනු නිසැකය. ලංකාව කැබලිවී විනාශය කරා යනු ඇත. රට මුදාගත් රණවිරුවන්ට ඇප නොදී හිරේ දමාගෙන ඉන්නා අසාධාරණ සුද්දගෙ නීතියට විරුද්ද්ධව තම වේදනාව හා ආතතිය සඟවා ගත නොහැකිවීම දඩමීමා කරගෙන මිසිස් චන්ද්‍රිකා ප්‍රධාන ජාති භ්‍රෂ්ටයින් විසින් ඥානසාර හිමියන්ව සිරගත කලේය. මේ නිසා මෑතකදී නව පණක් ගත් විවිධ සංඝ සංවිධානවලට වඩා මෙම ශාරියා උවඳුර සම්බන්ධයෙන් බොදු බල සේනාවට අවස්ථාවාදී නොවන කැක්කුමක් ඇතිබව අප විසින් පිළිගත යුතුය.

නව දස පණතක් ඉදිරිපත් කරමින් කරුණු රැස්කරණ මැදගොඩ අභයතිස්ස හිමි ප්‍රමුඛ ජාතික විද්-වත් භික්‍ෂූ සංසදය, ඊලම් යුද්ද්ධයේදී සතුරන්ගේ වෙඩි පහර වලින් හා වසදී ඝාතනය කිරීමේ උත්සාහවලින් බේරුණු ඇල්ලේ ගුණවංශ හිමි, අතුරැලියේ රතන හිමි, මාවරලේ භද්දිය හිමි, පාහියන්ගල ආනන්ද හිමි, කොටුවේ පොඩි හාමුදුරුවෝ, කාගම සිරිනන්ද හිමි, මඩකලපුව ශ්‍රී මංගලාරාමයේ සිට ජීවිතය හා මරණය අතර සටනක් කරණ අම්පිටියේ සුමනරතන හිමි (තව අවුරුදු පනහකදී බෞද්ද්ධයින්ට අත් වන ඉරණම දැන් මඩකලපු දිස්ත්‍රික්කය තුල සිදුවන ආකාරය උන්වහන්සේ සංඛ්‍යා සහිතව සමස්ත ලංකා බෞද්ද්ධ මහා සම්මේලනයේ බෞද්ද්ධ හිමිකම් පිළිඹද පරීක්‍ෂණ සභාවට නොබෝදා පෙන්වා දුන්නේය) යන හාමුදුරුවරු සියළු දෙනාම එක ධජයක් යටතේ එක වේදිකාවකට ඒමෙන් පමණක් පෘතග්ජනයින් වශයෙන් අප සැමට ඇති ලෝභ, ද්වේෂ, මෝහය ජයගත හැකිවන්නේය. කෙස් පැලෙන තර්‍ක විතර්‍ක නොව ප්‍රඥාව හා ත්‍රිපිටකයේ සූත්‍රම විග්‍රහ කරගත යුතුය. ගුණදාස අමරසේකර, නලින් සිල්වා යන ගිහි නායකයින් මේ බව වටහා ගෙන ඇති බව පෙනේ. ඥානසාර හිමියන් මූලිකව ජූලි 7 දා මහනුවර පැවැත්වීමට යන ජාතික සමුළුවට නිහතමානීලෙස ජාත්‍යාලයෙන් සහභාගීවීමෙන් රටේ සිංහල, දෙමළ හා සාම්ප්‍රදායික මුස්ලිම් ජනතාවට ආදර්‍ශයක් හා පණිවුඩයක් දිමට මෙම භික්‍ෂූ සංවිධාන ක්‍රියාකරණු ඇත යන්න රටේ බලාපොරොත්තුවය.

මේ සිංහල අපගෙ රටයි

රැජිණ මමයි-රැජිණ මමයි සිංදුව ගනයටම නන්දා මාලිනි ගයන, මේ සිංහල අපගෙ රටයි යන සිංදුවද වැටුනේ කෙසේද? සිංහල බෞද්ද්ධයාට, සිංහලයාට ලෝකයේ ඇති එකම බිංකඩ
සිංහල බෞද්ද්ධයාගේ රටයැයි කීමේ ඓතිහාසික වගකීම 1505 පෘතුගීසි විනාශ වලට පසුව ඉෂ්ට කලේ පිය පාර්‍ශවයෙන් බෞද්ද්ධ පසුබිමක්ද ඇති මැල්කම් රංජිත් කාදිනල්තුමා විසින් 2018 වර්‍ෂයේදී වීම පිරිත්නූල් බෞද්ධයින් විසින් ලැජ්ජා වියයුතු කරුණකි. 1815 න් පසු සිංහල බෞද්ද්ධයාට සිදුවූ අයුක්තිය 1931 හෝ 1948 හෝ 1956 න් පසුව හෝ නිසි පරිදි නිවැරදි නොකිරීම සෙසු සුළු ජනවර්‍ග වලට හානිකිරීමක් යන මතය මෑතකදී (1970 දශක මුල) ප්‍රචලිතකලේ ඉංග්‍රිසී මවක් සමඟ ලන්ඩන් සිට ආ මාක්ස්වාදී විශාඛා කුමාරි ජයවර්‍ධන (සොයිසා) නම් නෝනාය. බුද්ද්ධාගමට ද්‍රෝහිවීම යන ස්ටැන්ලි තම්බයියා විසින් ලියූ පොතේ පිටකවරයට (1990 දශක මුල) මාදුළුවාවේ සෝභිත හිමියන්ගේ රෞද්‍ර මුහුණක් සැපයූවේද ඇය ය.

කතෝලිකයින්ට හා මුස්ලිම්වරුන්ට රැකවරණය දීම අතීත සිදුවීම්සේ අමතක කලත්, යාපනයේ අර්‍ධ වහල් භාවයේ සිටින දෙමළ කුලීනයින් හෝ ඉන්දියාවේ ඩලිත් ජනයා හෝ අතර බුද්ද්ධාගම පැතිරවීමටවත් හාමුදුරුවරු ක්‍රියා නොකලේය. 1798 නෝත් හා පසුව බ්‍රවුන්‍රිග් ආණ්ඩුකාරවරු කියා සිටියේ ගම හා පන්සල අතර ඇති බැඳීම කඩා දැමීමේ අවශ්‍යතාවයමය. මේ සඳහා ඇති ඍජු ඉඩකඩ 1948 න් පසු අවහිර වුවත්, සිංහල බෞද්ද්ධ අන්තවාදයක් ලංකාවේ ඇතිබවට ප්‍රචාරයක් ලොව පුරා පැතිරීයාම කෙතරම්ද යන්න දළයි ලාමා පවා පාස්කු ප්‍රහාරයෙන් පසු මුස්ලිම් ජනයාගේ මානව අයිතිවාසිකම් කඩවීම ගැන ඇමෙරිකාවේ සිට කඩේයාමෙන් මොනවට පැහැදිලිවේ. සුමන්තිරන්ලා, පාක්‍යශොතිලා, ජෙහාන් පෙරේරලා ලෝකයම නොමඟ යවන්නේ ඩොලර් බලය නිසාය.

සිංහල බෞද්ද්ධයන්ට වූ අසාධාරණකම් ගැන කොමිෂන් සභා කීයක් 1956 සිට නිර්දේශ ඉදිරිපත් කලාද? චන්ද්‍රිකා නෝනා පත්කල 2002 කොමිෂම් වාර්තාවේ ඉස්ලාම් අන්තවාදය ගැනද පෙන්වාදී තිබුණේය. 2003 දී සෝම හිමිඳුන් ජීවිතය දුන්නේද මේ ගැන රට අවධිකරමින් සිටියදීය. සෝම හිමියන්ගේ දායාදයෙන් වාසි ලබාගත්තේ අවස්ථාවාදී පිරිත්නූල් බෞද්ද්ධයින් අතලොස්සකි. 2012 මැයි සිට ඥානසාර හිමියන් ශාක්‍ෂි සහිතව පෙන්වා දුන්නේද මෙයමය. උන්වහන්සේටද මරණය වෙනුවට හිරගෙය උරුමවීම එක අතකින් ජාතියේ වාසනාවකි. අස්ගිරි ප්‍රකාශණය (2017 ජූනි 20) හා අස්ගිරි නිවේදනය (2017 ජූලි 4) නිකුත් වන තෙක් ගිහි-පැවිදි ලංකාවේ ඕල්කොට් බෞද්ද්ධයින් ඥානසාර හිමියන් සම්බන්ධයෙන් ගෙන ගියේ පණිවුඩකරුට වෙඩිතැබීමේ න්‍යායයය. ඒ කාලයේ 1940 ස් ගණන්වල ධර්‍මපාලතුමාට වුණේද මේ දෙයමය.

බුද්ද්ධාගම, බෞද්ද්ධ දර්‍ශනය කියා දෙකක් පෙන්වා බෞද්ද්ධයින් දෙකට බෙදීමේ ව්‍යාපාරය සිංහල ගෝලයින් දෙතුන් දෙනෙක් සමඟ ගෙන ගියේ ස්ටැන්ලි තම්බයියා විසිනි. ඔහු ඇසූ ප්‍රශ්ණය නම්, අහිංසාව වෙනුවට බෞද්ද්ධයින් විසින් මිනී මරණ්නේ ඇයි යන්නය. ඔහු ජීවත්ව සිටියදී මේ ගැන ඊමේල් හරහා ඔහුට දුන් ශාස්ත්‍රීය උත්තරයට ප්‍රතිචාරයක් ලැබුණේ නැත. මේ ගැන ලංකාවේ සිංහලයින්ට නන්දා මාලිනීගේ නවගුනවැල ගණන් කිරීම හා කඩුවක් අතට ගැනීමේ වෙනස පෙන්වන සිංදුව වැදගත් වේ. ඇෆ්ඝනිස්ථානය, ඉරානය, පකිස්තානය, බංගලාදේශය, මැලේසියාව, ඉන්දුනීසියාව, මාලදිවයින හා පිලිපීන දූපත් මෑතක් වනතුරුම බෞද්ද්ධ රටවල් විය. ඉන්දියාවේ අයෝධ්‍යාවේ හින්දු රාමා දේවාලය-ඉස්ලාම් මෝගල් පල්ලිය ගැටුමේදී අන්තිමේදී එලිවූයේ ඒවාට යටින් බෞද්ද්ධ විහාරයක් නටඹුන් ඇතිබවය. පොලොන්නරුවේ ශිව දේවාලය ගොඩනඟා ඇත්තේ විහාරයක් උඩය. අරාබියේ මක්කම ගල යටින් ඇත්තේද බෞද්ද්ධ නටබුන් නොවේදැයි සිතෙන්නේ තපස්සු භල්ලික වෙළදුන් නිසා පමණක් නොව සූත්‍ර පිටකයේ සඳහන් වන පරිදි පුන්න තෙරුන් සුනාපරන්තයේ මකුලකගාමයේ පන්සලක් සදාගැනීම නිසාය (මේ පිළිඹදව පර්යේෂණාත්මක කෘතියක් ඒ ඩී ඩී පෙරේරා විසින් ලියා ඇත). මෙය කනිෂ්ක රජු සමයට අයත් මිලින්ද ප්‍රශ්නයේද සඳහන් වන අතර, බැමියන්-අව්කන බුදු පිලිම අතර ඇත්තේද මෙම යෝනක සම්බන්ධයමය.

ඉංග්‍රීසීන් විසින් සිංහලේ සූරාකෑමේදී සිංහල ජනතාවට කල හානියේ එක් අංගයක් වූයේ සුළු ජනවර්‍ග වලට වාසිදී මහජාතිය දුර්‍වල කිරීමය. වතුකරයට ඉන්දියානු ජනයා ගෙන ඒම වෙනමම ක්‍රියාදාමයකි. කුමණ වෙනස්කම්, ජනසංහාර ඉදිරියේ සිංහල ජනයා නොනැසී සිටියේ පන්සල් හා ගම අතර තිබූ ගහට පොත්ත වැනි බැඳීම නිසාය. වැලිවිට ශ්‍රී සරණාංකර සංඝරාජ හිමියන්ට කොළඹ සිට ගොස් වසදීමට තැත්කිරීමේ සිට එන්ජිිෝ ඩොලර් කාක්කෙක් වන පාක්‍යාසෝති විසින් දැන් අස්ගිරි මහනාහිමියන්ට නඩුදැමීම දක්වා දුවන්නේ මෙම සම්බන්ධයට විරුද්ද්ධ ප්‍රතික්‍රියාවය. සිංහල බෞද්ද්ධයාට ජාතියක් වශයෙන් තම ආගම ධර්‍මය අනුව වෙන ජනවර්‍ගයකට හානි කල නොහැකිය. 1994 දී මාස තුනහමාරක් තුල ලක්‍ෂ 5-10 අතර ටුට්සි ජනයා රුවන්ඩාවේ හුතු ජනයා විසින් සමූලඝාතනය කරන ලදී. සුදු පාලකයින් විසින් ටුට්සි සුළු ජන වර්‍ගයට වාසි සලසාදී හුතු මහ ජනවර්‍ගයට බලවත් වෙනස්කම් කරනලදී. මෙය ලංකාවේ සිංහල ජනයාට ඉංග්‍රීසීන් සලකූ ආකාරයට සමානය. එහෙත් ලංකාවේ එවැනි ජන සංහාරයක් සිදු නොවූයේ පන්සලේ ආභාෂය නිසාය. යාපනේ පුස්තකාලය ගිනිතැබීම හා 1983 ජුලි දෙමළ ඝාතන බලයේ සිටි යූ එන් පී රජයේ දාමරික පිරිස් කල ක්‍රියාවක් මිස සිංහල බෞද්ද්ධයින් කල දෙයක් නොවීය.

දුටුගැමුණු-තිස්ස සහෝදරයින් සමඟි කල කාලයේ සිටම ජාතියේ මුරදේවතාවුන් ලෙස පෙනීසිටි සංඝයා වහන්සේ ඕල්කොට් යුගයේ සිට පසු බැස්සේය. ජාතික සේවය ගැන ධර්‍මපාලතුමා පන්සල් වලට නිතරම පෙන්වා දුන්නේය. පක්‍ෂ දේශපාලනයට ගොදුරුවීම නිසා මුරදේවතා කාර්යය පලුදුවූයේය. මෙම නරක ආදර්‍ශය නිසා ගම්වල ගිහියන්ද පක්‍ෂ අනුව බෙදී ගියේය. මේ සමඟ භික්‍ෂූ විනය පිරිහීමද සිදුවිය. වෙනත් ආගම්වල මෙන් නොව ගමේ පන්සලේ නායක හිමියන් ස්වෛරී ආයතනයක ප්‍රධානියා විය. මධ්‍යම සංවිධානයක් මඟින් පාලනයක් තබා නිරන්තර මඟ පෙන්වීමක් වත් නොවීය. මේ නිසා දේශපාලකයින් කතෝලික කාදිනල්තුමාට, මහානායක හිමිවරුන්ට වඩා ඉහලින් සැළකුවේය. මේ වනවිට කාදිනල්තුමා විසින් යම් ආකාරයක මුරදේවතාවෙක් වී සිටී. මානව අයිතිවාසිකම්, නිරාගමික සමාජය, සමලිංගික අයිතිය යනුවෙන් අළුතෙන් එන යටත් විජිත වාදයට එරෙහිව එතුමා ප්‍රසිද්ධියේ කතා කරන්නේ පක්‍ෂ දේශපාලකයින්වද මුසපත් කරවමිනි. යුරෝපීය රටවල් හා එන්ජිිෝ මුදලාලි විසින් ලංකාවට මානව හිමිකම් හා ප්‍රජාතන්ත්‍රවාදය කියාදීමට සැදීම හාස්‍යජනකයයි එතුමා කියයි.

එක රටක්, එක නීතියක්, එක අධ්‍යාපන ක්‍රමයක් යනාදී මාතෘකා යටතේ අතරමංවී සිටින දේශපාලකයින් දැනට කරණ යෝජනා මහජනයා රැවටීමට කරණ කතා මිස, මේ පවතින දූෂිත ක්‍රමය යටතේ කල නොහැකි දේවල් ය. ස්ත්‍රීන් හතරක් විවාහ කර ගැනීමේ අයිතිය, බාල වයස් විවාහ, මද්‍රසා වසා දැමීම මේ 225 දෙනාට කල හැකිද? රටට අවශ්‍යව ඇත්තේ මෙම දූෂිත පිරිස් ඉවත්කර දමා හැම දේශපාලකයාම බොරුවට කතා කරණ බෞද්ද්ධ රාජ්‍ය පාලන ක්‍රමයක් නියම වශයෙන්ම රටේ ඇතිකිරීමට පදනම දැමීමය. සිංහල, දෙමළ හා මුස්ලිම් ජනයාට සමඟියෙන් හා සාමයෙන් ජීවත් විය හැක්කේ එවිටය. නොයෙක් ආකාරයේ විද්-වත් සභා නොයෙක් දේ කතා කරයි. නාගානන්ද හා රොහාන් නොයෙක් විශේෂඥ කොමිටු ගැන කියයි. එහෙත් ඉතාමත්ම සරල හා ඉතාමත්ම වැදගත් දෙයක් වන ග්‍රාම සේවා නිලධාරී වසම් පරිසර භූගෝලීය නිර්‍ණායක (ජලය) අනුව නැවත බෙදීම කතාකරණ කිසිවෙක් නැත. 4000 ක් වූ මෙම ඒකක 14,000 දක්වා වැඩිකලේ ජනාධිපති ප්‍රේමදාසය. චන්දයට දින දෙකකට පෙර අශ්‍රාෆ්ගේ ඉල්ලීමට අල්ලසක් වශයෙන් දිස්ත්‍රික් මන්ත්‍රී කඩ ඉම සියේට දොලහමාරේ සිට පහ දක්වා අඩුකලේද ඔහුය. මෙම ග්‍රාම සේවා වසමක දැනට රජයේ නිලධාරීන් හය දෙනෙක්ම සිටී.

මූලික වශයෙන් ගත් විට ඥානසාර, රතන හා අභයතිස්ස යන හාමුදුරුවරුන් තුන් නම කෙරෙහි පැවරී ඇති යුග මෙහෙවර නම් සාකච්චාකර පොදු එකඟතාවයකට පැමිණ මහජනයාගේ විශ්වාසය දිනාගෙන බෞද්ද්ධ බලය පෙන්වා සුදුසු ජනාධිපති කෙනෙක් තෝරාගැනීමය. ඉන් පසු ඇත්තේ දුෂ්කර ගමනක් නොවේ.

Colombo Easter Massacre: Can Islamic Terror Be A Diplomatic Asset?

July 20th, 2019

By Saeed Naqvi, The Milli Gazette Online

Prolific punditry on the Easter Sunday massacre in Colombo has taken a pause because investigations have reached a stage where all sides have to take a political call. Different interests would like investigators to be nosy in different directions.

A calamity on a scale where nearly 300 people were killed and 500 injured immediately causes Intelligence agencies to descend with angelic intent, armed with all the technologies. A mystery which Hercule Poirot would leisurely solve over delectable wines and gourmet food is, with the arrival of the agencies, not solved in one go but incrementally, leaving space for stings and hisses, hints and guesses.

The agencies from the US, UK, Israel, Australia and India have been in a scrum according to sources. Even though Intelligence and Security are the responsibility of President Maithripala Sirisena’s office, the direction of the inquiry by the group is more to the liking of Prime Minister Ranil Wickremesinghe. China’s Belt and Road Initiative has taken Sri Lanka in its embrace. This is not what the agencies listed above are interested in promoting.

It remains a puzzle why Sri Lanka did not take action when Indian Intelligence (RAW) alerted them as early as April 4, weeks before the massacre. Have the differences between the President and the Prime Minister percolated down to Sri Lankan agencies too?

Clearly, Ranil is keen to sign the Status of Forces Agreement with the US before the elections next year. This would be anathema to the Chinese who share their confidences only with the President.

Opinion in Colombo is divided on India’s role. One view is that New Delhi and Washington would join hands to impede the Chinese. Others believe it is not in New Delhi’s interest to have the strategically located island transformed into a US base. New Delhi would prefer a drastically toned down, cooperative foreign presence.

How strategically important Sri Lanka is became clear to me during a visit to Mauritius some years back. My TV team did a feature on the tragic, homeless people from Chagos Island. The story is not easy to digest. An entire island was emptied of its population by the British along with the Americans to set up a base in Diego Garcia. The International Court of Justice ruled in February 2019 to return the island to its citizens. Has the Judgement been thrown in the waste-paper basket?

New Delhi has exerted its influence to keep Mauritius and Bhutan out of the Belt and Road project. Everything else in SAARC has gone the other way. Credit must go to the nimble, creatively ambiguous management of Foreign Policy. Modi-Xi Jinping summit in Varanasi in October may be the culmination of important developments.

The events of Easter Sunday have inspired important research. For instance, Weaponization of Religion as New Cold War Looms”. The paper has been written by Darini Rajasingham Senanayake, a Sri Lankan scholar and writer.

She wastes no time in coming to the point: China’s ambitious Belt and Road Initiative may well have been the prime target of the bombings that rocked the Indian Ocean Island caught in the crosshairs of super power rivalry”.

According to her, there is a clear effort to mislead Sri Lankans. She points to a video tape of Islamic State leader, Al Baghdadi purportedly speaking about the attacks on Sri Lanka. Arabic and French intelligence experts had no doubt that the tape had been doctored.

Hotels that were targeted were Cinnamon Grand and Kingsbury. And there, says Darini, hangs a tale. These hotels were owned by Sri Lankan conglomerates which are into property development with the China construction company.

Four oceanic scientists who were staying at Kingsbury hotel were among the six Chinese who lost their lives. This has been confirmed by the Chinese embassy in Colombo. The deceased were from the South China Sea Institute of Oceanography. Chinese state-run Global Times reported that two other scientists from the First Institute of Oceanography, were scheduled to board the Chinese research vessel Shiyan 3. This was to be the start of an important China-Sri Lanka joint exploration mission in the East-Indian Ocean.

Darini sees a design in the venues that were attacked: Churches located among coastal communities with congregations whose livelihood depends on fisheries and other Indian Ocean resources in Colombo, Negombo and Batticaloa. As continuation of the pattern, even luxury sea front hotels also became targets. No town in the interior was targeted.

She concludes: Marine affairs and the ocean is the red threat that runs through the design and detail of the selected targets.”

It is puzzling that instead of following the leads Darini Senanayake has focused on, the foreign intelligence agencies have dwelt more on the clash of civilizations and religious strife” as their preferred theme of inquiry.

All sorts of conspiracy theories begin to claim attention. A single column story from Nepal, where also Chinese are influential, on the inside page begins to look significant as part of a larger design. Near Lumbini in South West Nepal, the birthplace of Buddha, five statues of Buddha are vandalized. Is someone trying to create Buddhism-Hindu strife in the Himalayan state? It is difficult to see what political spin can be given to this vandalism.

Likewise what earthly purpose would be served by promoting strife between two Sri Lankan minorities – Muslim and Christian.

There is another way of looking at Sri Lankan developments, exactly as Darini’s headline suggests. Since 2012 I have written consistently on Islamic terror being controlled by the US, Israel and Saudi Arabia as assets” to unsettle societies with sizeable Muslim minorities – Xinxiang in China, Caucasus in Russia. Since this is Salafi Islam, it may have its uses against Shia Iran too. There is that whole turf of Central Asia. And, why forget India? For an elaboration of Terrorism as an asset”

Most extravagant tea service in U.K. launches for $800 a pot

July 20th, 2019

Courtesy CTV News

Tea service at The Rubens at The Palace

White glove tea service at The Rubens at The Palace (The Rubens at the Palace)

Have £500 (CAD$817) to spare on a cuppa tea? A luxury hotel in London has launched the U.K.’s most expensive afternoon tea service, featuring a pot of tea made with leaves handpicked at sunrise in the highlands of Sri Lanka.

It’s tea fit for a queen. The experience at The Rubens at The Palace hotel in London involves gold tweezers, gloved service, and a rare tea blend selected by specialist tea merchants at PMD Tea.

Guests take their tea in one of the most extravagant tea rooms in the city, overlooking The Royal Mews at Buckingham Palace.

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What makes the Ceylon Golden Tips tea so expensive? To brew a pot of tea, expert tea pluckers have hand-picked the tips of the plant shoots at sunrise, when the leaves have been anointed by the sun.

The buds are then sun-dried on a velvet cloth. Under the sun’s heat and light, the buds turn from silver to gold in color.

As you would expect from a £500 (equivalent to about US$625) tea service, there’s a lot of pomp and circumstance to accompany the experience.

The dedicated tea master uses gold tweezers to pick the leaves and weigh them with precision. The tea is infused with still natural mineral water and poured from a silver tea set, in a “white glove” service.

The tea itself is described as “smooth, light and mellow” in texture, with hints of fruity notes. The leaves can be infused up to three times.

A pot of The Rubens Golden Tips Tea serves three cups and comes accompanied with scones, pastries and finger sandwiches.

Aftermath of April 21 attacks – UN expert lauds Sri Lanka’s efforts to ensure rule of law

July 20th, 2019

Courtesy The Daily Mirror

The visiting UN Special Rapporteur on the Rights of Freedom of Association and Peaceful Assembly has appreciated the fact that Sri Lanka was able to recover and ensure the rule of law in the aftermath of the April 21 tragedy, the Foreign Affairs Ministry said.

It said in a statement that Special Rapporteur Clément Nyaletsossi Voule also expressed his condolences on the recent terrorist attacks that occurred in April.

Mr.Voule called on Foreign Minister Tilak Marapana at the Ministry on Thursday.

The minister said the freedom of association and peaceful assembly was guaranteed to the public under the present government which embarked on a new trajectory upholding the rule of law and democracy and engaging with the international community including the UN on the promotion and protection of human rights.

He said even with emergency regulations being effective, the rights of freedom of assembly and of association had not been restricted and observed that a number of protests/ trade union actions had been carried out in the country in the aftermath of the Easter Sunday attacks.

The Special Rapporteur and his team attended a stakeholders meeting of relevant Government officials, chaired by Foreign Secretary Ravinatha Aryasinha.

Representatives of Government agencies including the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Ministry of Defence, Sri Lanka Police, the Attorney General’s Department, Department of Labour, Ministry of National Integration, official Languages, Social Progress and Hindu Religious Affairs, Ministry of Finance, Board of Investment (BOI) and Information and Communication Technology Agency of Sri Lanka (ICTA) participated at the meeting.

The Special Rapporteur will visit Colombo, and several areas in the Northern, Eastern and South Provinces of the country.

During his visit, the Special Rapporteur will meet government officials, representatives of civil society, trade unions and the Human Rights Commission of Sri Lanka.

He will also meet representatives of the United Nations system and other international organisations, along with other stakeholders in the country.

Following his visit, the Special Rapporteur will submit the Report of the country visit to the Human Rights Council at its 44th Session in June 2020.

The visit takes place on the invitation extended to the Special Rapporteur by the Government, at his request, in response to the standing invitation extended to all thematic UN special procedures mandate holders in 2015. S

Since then, Sri Lanka has received eight special procedures mandate holders and this year the Sub-Committee on Prevention of Torture visited Sri Lanka from 2-12 April 2019.

In addition to this visit, Sri Lanka will receive two more special procedures mandate holders this year — the Special Rapporteur on Freedom of Religion or Belief from 15-24 August and the Independent Expert on sexual orientation and gender identity from 28 October to 8 November this year.

Removing Dr. Shafi’s probe from CID: Acting IGP says ’not possible’ to NPC

July 20th, 2019

Darshana Sanjeewa Balasuriya Courtesy The Daily Mirror

The Acting IGP has written to the National Police Commission (NPC) yesterday saying it is not possible to remove the CID from investigating Dr. Mohammed Shafi’s case and hand it over to the Police Special Investigation Unit (SIU).

The NPC on Thursday called for a report from the Acting IGP over the possibility of removing the CID from investigating Dr. Shafi’s case.

Police Spokesman SP Ruwan Gunasekera yesterday said the Acting IGP has said in his letter that the CID has launched the investigation into the case in an appropriate manner in accordance with the Code of Criminal Procedure Act’ s clause 125.

The CID has informed the court in this regard and senior officials of the Attorney General’s Department had appeared on behalf of the CID in court. In this context, the Acting IGP said it is not possible to take the investigation away from the CID as it would create many legal and practical issues,” SP Gunasekera said.

It was reported that an attorney had lodged a complaint with the NPC stating that investigations carried out by the CID against Dr. Shafi should be withdrawn.

The lawyer had requested in the complaint that the investigations should be handed over to a Special Investigation Unit which should comprise police teams from the CID, the Kurunegala Police and the Colombo Crimes Division (CCD).

Accordingly, the NPC earlier inquired from the Acting IGP about the possibility of handing over the investigations to the SIU.  (

Hayleys Free Zone Limited denies any involvement in ‘garbage’ shipment

July 20th, 2019

Courtesy Adaderana

Hayleys Free Zone Limited (HFZ) today denied that the company has any involvement with a shipment said to be containing garbage that is lying at the Port of Colombo.

Video footage of the piles of biomedical waste shipped from the UK, recorded during the observation visit made by the Central Environmental Authority (CEA), was released to the media yesterday (19).

The CEA has ordered to return the consignment of biomedical waste imported to Sri Lanka back to the United Kingdom.

Certain groups, media reports and social media posts had claimed that the shipment was imported into the country by Hayleys Free Zone Limited.

However, issuing a press release today, HFZ denied all allegations levelled against the company in this regard while clarifying that it is not an importer or exporter of goods. 

Statements to the effect that HFZ imported these goods are therefore baseless and false,” it said.

Full Press Release Issued by Hayleys Free Zone Limited:

In light of recent adverse media publicity in relation to a shipment said to be containing garbage, Hayleys Free Zone Limited (HFZ) wishes to categorically state that the company has no connection to the cargo that is lying at the Port of Colombo.

HFZ is a legal entity established to provide logistics services to importers and exporters mainly with the aim of providing value added services for re-exports, as done in other free zones across the Globe.

HFZ is not involved in any way or manner with the said containers presently lying at the Port of Colombo. It is not the importer nor consignee nor logistics services provider in respect of the said containers.

There has also been adverse media publicity with regard to an earlier shipment, which was also not imported by HFZ. The said shipments were sent to HFZ by the importer for the purposes of processing and re-export. Some such cargo has already been processed and re-exported. 

All others, once processed, would also be re-exported. The containers received by HFZ did not contain any garbage or other waste material as alleged in several media reports.

HFZ wishes to make it clear that it is not an importer or exporter of goods. Statements to the effect that HFZ imported these goods are therefore baseless and false.

HFZ denies all allegations levelled against the company in this regard and requests the general public not to be misled by these baseless allegations.

Back-to-back PC and Presidential polls

July 20th, 2019

By C.A.Chandraprema Courtesy The Island

July 20, 2019, 7:28 pm 

article_image

Mahinda Deshapriya

One of the matters under discussion at this point in time is whether the long delayed Provincial Council elections should be held before the presidential poll this year. This debate is driven largely by one man – the Chairman of the Elections Commission Mahinda Deshapriya, who has said that he will resign from the Chairmanship of the Commission unless the PC elections are held before the Presidential election. Everybody else in the country, the politicians, the general public and even the provincial councilors who have lost their positions as elected representatives of the people, appear to have forgotten about the provincial councils altogether.

Even the northern Tamil lobby on whose behalf the provincial councils system was created as a consolation prize that stops short of a separate state, have not been vocally demanding that the delayed PC elections be held.  The Eastern PC ceased to exist on 30 September 2017, nearly two years ago. The Northern PC ceased to exist on 25 September 2018, nearly one year ago and there has been no demand for elections to be held either from the Tamil general public or even the politicians and political parties in that part of the country. One gets the feeling that even if the entire provincial councils system is allowed to die a natural death, there will be no outcry from the north and east asking for the PCs to be reestablished.

Be that as it may, we have to consider the question whether the PC elections can in fact be held before the next Presidential poll. According to Article 31(3) of the Constitution, the poll for the election of the President has to be taken not less than one month and not more than two months before the expiration of the term of office of the President in office. Since President Maithipala Sirisena was sworn in on the 9th of January 2015, under the provisions of Article 31(3), the next presidential poll will have to be held before the 9th December 2019. To see whether there is still time for the PC elections to be held, we have to calculate backwards from the 9th December date.

If President Sirisena desires to call for a snap presidential poll in the coming several weeks before the full expiry of his term of office, then under Article 31(3A) it is the President himself who will have to by Proclamation, declare his intention of appealing to the People for a mandate to hold office, by election, for a further term. Once such a declaration is made, the Commissioner of Elections will take over from that point onwards. If a declaration calling an early election is not made and the President remains in office till the end, under the provisions of Articles 31(3) and 31(5) of the Constitution read together with Section 2(1) of the Presidential Elections Act No: 15 of 1981, the Elections Commissioner is required to start the presidential election process by issuing a gazette notification fixing the dates for nominations and the poll.

Tight, but not impossible

Assuming that there is no snap presidential election called with the intention of trying to outmanoeuvre potential opponents, then the earliest date on which the Elections Commission can issue the gazette notification fixing the dates for nominations will be the 9th September 2019. The latest date on which the Elections Commission can issue that gazette notification will be 23 October 2019. What Section 2(1) of the Presidential Elections Act No:15 of 1981 says on this matter is that where the Commissioner of Elections is required by the Constitution to conduct the election of the President, he shall by Order published in the Gazette (a) fix the date of nomination of candidates being a date not less than sixteen days and not more than one month from the date of publication of such Order, and (b) fix the date on which the poll shall be taken, being a date not less than one month and not more than two months from the date of nominations.

Hence the Elections Commission will call for nominations for the presidential election on a date between the 9th September and the 23rd October. The question whether the provincial council elections can be held before the next presidential elections are called depends on how long the PC elections process will take. Under the provisions of Article 154E of the Constitution, a Provincial Council stands automatically dissolved five years from the date of its first meeting. As of now, eight PCs have stood dissolved under this provision but no election has been held. Only the Uva Province still has a functioning provincial council. Be that as it may, when a PC stands dissolved, Section 10 of the Provincial Councils Elections Act No: 2 of 1988 kicks in, and the Elections Commission has to call for an election to that provincial council within one week.

The notice issued by the Elections Commission in this regard has to specify the period during which nomination papers will be accepted by the returning officers of each administrative district in the provinces which will be going in for elections. The nomination period has to commence on the fourteenth day after the notice of elections is issued by the Elections Commission and end on the twenty-first day after the issuance of that notice. Thereafter the returning officers of the districts have to fix the date for the poll being a date not less than five weeks or more than eight weeks from the date of publication of the notice. What this means is that the earliest that elections to the PCs can be held is six weeks after the dissolution of a Council and the latest is nearly nine weeks. Going by this, it is possible that even if the provincial council elections are declared at the end of August this year, there will still be enough time to hold both the PC elections and the Presidential elections this year.   

It will certainly be a tight run, but it will not be impossible. Back in 2014, the Uva PC election was held on 20 September 2014 and the Presidential election was declared on 20 November 2014 just two months later. There is no need to have a gap between the conclusion of one election and the declaring of another. Elections can be held back to back if necessary. At the present moment, what the Chairman of the Elections Commission seems to have in mind are back-to-back PC and presidential elections. If this actually takes place we may experience the shortest gap ever between two elections in this country.

Why the PC elections were delayed

The reason why the provincial council elections could not be held when due was because the government hurriedly changed the provincial councils elections system in September 2017, just a day or two before the Sabaragamuwa, North Central and Eastern provincial councils were to stand dissolved. The immediate purpose behind this exercise was to put off the elections. The method by which this change was effected was by bringing sweeping committee stage amendments to a Bill that had originally been gazetted and introduced in Parliament to increase women’s representation in the provincial councils.

On the day that Parliament was to make changes to the system of elections to provincial councils, at around 5.00 pm the Attorney General by virtue of the powers vested in him under article 77 of the Constitution informed the Speaker that the Bill to increase women’s representation in parliament which had now been changed completely to become a Bill to change the system of elections to the PCs, could not be passed without a two-thirds majority in parliament. The government which was desperate to stop the provincial councils election from taking place at any cost, filibustered in Parliament until they were able to collect enough MPs to make up a two- thirds majority. Even when the two-thirds majority was assembled, that was not the end of the story. Some of the smaller political parties demanded that the proportion of candidates elected on the basis of the constituencies and proportional representation be changed from the stipulated ratio of 60%-40% to 50%-50%.

This major change to the elections law was made at the last moment literally on the floor of the house in order to prevent the smaller parties from voting against the proposed amendments. Thus, we have the anomalous situation where the proportion of constituency-based seats and proportional representation seats is 60%-40% at the local government level and 50%-50% at the provincial council level. So shameless was the government’s headlong scramble to avoid holding the provincial council elections.

According to the Act that was passed in September 2017 changing the provincial councils elections system, the delimitation report had to be completed within a period of four months and then tabled in parliament by the Minister in charge of the subject. Within one month of it being tabled in Parliament, the delimitation report had to be passed with a two- thirds majority. Even though the delimitation report was tabled in Parliament in March 2018, it was not passed within the stipulated period of one month. Thereafter, there was a long delay of several months during which the whole process was in abeyance. When it seemed as if the Joint Opposition was about to go to the Supreme Court to get a ruling that the amendments made to the Provincial Councils elections law were now defunct, the government suddenly placed the delimitation report on the order paper and after a debate, even the Minister who presented it to Parliament voted against it to buy further time.

Under the PC elections amending Act of September 2017 if Parliament does not pass the provincial councils delimitation report, the next step in the process was for the Speaker of Parliament to appoint a Review Committee comprising of the Prime Minister and four other members which would make recommendations within a period of two months to the President and the latter was to gazette the delimitation report with any changes made by the Review Committee. There was no provision in the law to extend the two-month period. This period expired on the 28th of October 2018 and no report was submitted by the Review Committee to the President. Thus, there is now no system of elections to elect representatives to the provincial councils.

Apprehensions about EC’s motive

If the PC elections are to be held, it can only be held under the previous system of elections as the new system was never put into place properly. This can be done only if Parliament annuls the PC elections amending Act of 2017 with a two-thirds majority or by invoking the provisions of Section 6(2) of the Interpretation Ordinance, which states that if an amendment brought to a law is for some reason inoperative, then the previous provisions of the law before amendment continue to apply. Even though getting Parliament to annul the amendment they made to the PS elections law in 2017 by a two-thirds majority, will be a complicated matter, invoking Section 6(2) of the Interpretation Ordinance is less complicated.

There are so many ways in which Section 6(2) of the Interpretation Ordinance could have been invoked. Firstly, the Elections Commission could have simply made a decision that since the PC elections amending law was inoperative that they were going to act on the basis of the provisions in the Interpretation Ordinance and proceeded to call for nominations for the provinces that had no Councils and told anyone who was against that decision to go to courts against the Elections Commission. In the alternative someone could have filed an FR case in the Supreme Court on the grounds that his rights have been violated due to the non-holding of PC elections. In the 1998 case of Karunatilleke vs the Elections Commissioner, Justice Mark Fernando said that the Constitution presumes that the country would have functioning provincial councils.

Another way would have been for the President to make an inquiry from the Supreme Court under Article 129 of the Constitution, as to whether the amendment made to the PC elections law in 2017 was operational or not. Even though the opinions given by the SC to inquiries made under Article 129 are non-binding, that would have provided the Elections Commission with the cover to proceed with the PC elections. Justice Fernando made it clear that the responsibility of the Elections Commission was to see that elections were held and not to play ball with the politicians in postponing elections. Going by that, what the Elections Commission should have done was to invoke the Interpretation Ordinance on their own, start the process of holding elections and tell whoever disagrees to go to court and obtain a stay order.

The question that begs an answer today is why the Elections Commission has wait for so long to press for the PC elections? Whatever they do now to have the PC elections held could have been done much earlier and the delay of the elections prevented.

One member of the Elections Commission even petitioned the supreme court against the dissolution of Parliament and the calling of a general election in November last year. Though a member of the elections has petitioned the SC against the holding of an election, they have never petitioned the SC to have a delayed election held.

Now Rip Van Winkle style the Chairman of the Elections Commission seems to have woken up from a two-year slumber and is demanding that the long delayed PC elections be held before the presidential polls to be held this year.

At a presidential election, the vote gets polarized between the two main contenders. However at all other elections the vote gets fragmented among many political parties. If a PC election is held immediately before a presidential election, the vote will get fragmented at the PC elections and when a presidential election is held immediately afterwards, they may be hoping that the fragmentation that pertained at the PC elections will be carried forward to the presidential elections. At the presidential elections, political parties that contest separately at other elections come together to back one candidate. The yahapalanites may be banking on collecting votes by fragmenting at the PC elections and to come together later at the presidential election and that the synergy of that coming together will help them to win the presidential election on the basis of block votes as what happened in January 2015.

This could, of course, backfire if the SLPP sweeps the board as it did at the local government elections last year and the trend set by that carries forward to the Presidential elections. Despite this risk factor, it is better for the yahapalana side to try even a desperate gamble rather than simply give up without a fight. This is a government that has consistently fought shy of facing elections. In August 2017 it introduced changes to the local government elections law in order to delay holding elections to local government bodies that had been dissolved more than two years earlier in March 2015.

As the pressure to hold the local government elections mounted, the government made changes to the local government electoral system creating constituencies and then prevaricated further by citing delimitation disputes. The manner in which the local government elections system was changed was also unprecedented. Instead of gazetting a Bill to change the system of elections and then giving the people an opportunity to have its constitutionality examined by the Supreme Court, the entirely new system of elections was brought as committee stage amendments to a Bill that had been gazetted and then introduced in Parliament to correct some technical glitches in the local government elections law.

Thus, the Bill that was gazetted and introduced in parliament and even read the second time, was not the Bill that was finally passed by parliament after the committee stage, but something totally different. After having run around in circles for several months and after dodging persistent questions from journalists about the delay in holding local government elections, the government then got some of their supporters to file action in courts against the delimitation of wards in a large number of local government institutions so as to delay the election further.

It has to be admitted that the only reason why we had a local government election in February last year was because the head of the Elections Commission Mahinda Deshapriya announced that they would go ahead and hold elections to the 93 local government institutions in respect of which there were no delimitation disputes real or contrived. At that point the government caved in and decided to have elections to all the local government institutions because the damage would be done anyway even if elections were held for a limited number of local government bodies. The reason why the Chairman of the Elections Commission forced the local government elections on the government was probably because of the expectation that the UNP would win by default due to the division of the UPFA vote between the SLPP and the SLFP.

The hope of the Elections Commission seems to be that the political parties that came together in January 2015 and then held together through thick and thin colluding with one another in delaying elections to the local government institutions and the provincial councils and blocking the move to hold a general election, will contest the PC elections separately and then come together for the presidential election uniting behind one common candidate. They also probably hope that the SLPP may not be able to obtain 50% of the votes at a PC election due to the fragmenting of the vote and that this will carry forward into the presidential election as well.

Looking for straws

July 20th, 2019

Editorial Courtesy The Island

UPFA General Secretary and MP Mahinda Amaraweera has gone on record as saying that he will move a private member’s motion for abolishing the executive presidency. Reflected in his statement is his realisation that the SLFP/UPFA has failed to secure the SLPP’s consent for fielding President Maithripala Sirisena as their presidential candidate. If Amaraweera goes ahead with his move, he might be able to receive the backing of the UNP-led government and its allies.

The next presidential election has become a huge problem for all political parties save the SLPP and the TNA. The SLPP is said to have decided to field former Defence Secretary Gotabaya Rajapaksa as its presidential candidate; it is expected to announce its decision next month though it has chosen to remain silent on the revocation of Gotabaya’s US citizenship and the ongoing court cases against him both there and in the US. As things stand, the TNA will throw its lot with the candidate who has the UNP’s blessings. The JVP wants to prevent the Rajapaksas from making a comeback, but cannot support a UNP candidate. It has said it will contest the presidential election, but as for its success, it has the same chances as a cat in hell.

The UNP has pledged to contest a presidential election after a lapse of about 15 years for want of a better alternative, but is in a dilemma as to who should be its candidate. There are three presidential hopefuls within its ranks and choosing one of them will be at the risk of a debilitating internal conflict.

Why is it that Amaraweera wants to present a private member’s motion for scrapping the executive presidency? Why can’t the UPFA do so as an alliance represented in Parliament?

Amaraweera and his boss, President Sirisena, are desperate to get out of the political mire they have got into. But it is only wishful thinking that they can achieve that goal through Amaraweera’s proposed motion, given the seemingly insurmountable obstacles in their path. Any motion aimed at abolishing the executive presidency is doomed to failure without the JO’s support for it in that it has to be ratified with a two-thirds majority in Parliament. Besides, it will have to be approved by the people at a referendum. This is an even bigger hurdle.

The UNP and the JVP may agree to do away with the executive presidency in principle or even support the motion to be moved. Former President Mahinda Rajapaksa, who cannot seek another presidential term, may be well disposed towards the abolition to the presidency, but it is doubtful whether the SLPP will agree thereto.

An attempt to abolish the executive presidency will entail the process of introducing a new Constitution. The government has already undertaken to write a new Constitution but come up against a brick wall on the question of devolution. Its attempts have been abandoned to all intents and purposes. The proponents of the existing Constitution view the executive presidency as the only safeguard against secessionist forces that are using devolution to achieve their goal. The government has put its constitution making project on hold, unable to tackle this contentious issue. The JVP’s 20th the Amendment has also suffered a similar fate due to, more or less, the same reasons.

There are only a few months to go for the next presidential election and even if all parties agree to abolish the executive presidency, there won’t be enough time. Amaraweera cannot be unaware of these difficulties. If so, why is he trying to have the executive presidency abolished at this juncture?

A drowning person clutches at anything. Amaraweera and President Sirisena, out of sheer desperation, seem to be toying with the idea of having the presidential election postponed. Hope refuses to go away like flies and mozzies.

SAJITH PREMADASA’S DEGREE QUALIFICATIONS vs OTHER POLITICIANS AND NATIONAL LIST

July 20th, 2019

Dr M D P DISSANAYAKE

Like in many other countries, there are no mandatory academic or professional qualifications required by a person to be elected as President, Prime Minister or Cabinet of Ministers of Sri Lanka.  Late Mr D S Senanayake’s qualifications were never questioned when he became our First Prime Minister under independent Sri Lanka.

Unlike in 1948, now Sri Lanka has produced thousands of highly educated  and world renowned academics and professionals.  Yet, our political system continuing musical chairs with the same old seasoned politicians.

There are rumours that the former Auditor General Mr Gamini Wijesinghe might come forward as a Presidential caididate from JVP, as he continuously had close links with Sunil Handunhetti during Bond Scam investigations.  

Sajith Premadasa’s academic credentials are now being questioned in public.  Sajith entered Mill Hill School in London. In addition to normal  admission requirements of GCE OL, the Mill Hill School has a direct entry for those over 17 years of age, without GCE OL passes.  Sajith did enter the Mill Hill when he was just turned 17. 

From there he entered the prestigious LSE (London School of Economics) when his father was the President of Sri Lanka.  Sajith only completed the first year studies, he fell ill and could not complete  full course of studies.  However, the LSE      awarded Aegrotat Certificate, as a Bachelor of Science in 1991. Aegrotat is not Pass Degree certificate. It is an Unclassfied” degree, not recognised as equivalent to a Pass Degree. Towards end of first year, Sajith fell ill with Measles and paralysis of his legs. Aegrotat Degree is a pathway of an exemption from the rest of the course of studies, due to exceptional circumstances of the student, such as serious illness.  Aegorat is therefore is a Degree, but not classified as a Degree, a Clayton’s Degree. 

It is common politicians twist and turn their academic and/or professional qualifications.  A former Finance Minister of the current government claim FCMA signifying Fellowship of the Chartered Institute of Management Accounting (CIMA), UK.  However, his studies were in Certified Management Accountants, Sri Lanka, not CIMA UK.  However, CMA Sri Lanka is a well structured examination, but  recognised by CIMA UK to register as a student, with few exemptions.

Similarly, a former Power and Energy Minister who claim membership of Chartered Institute of Electrical Engineers, Sri Lanka is also under a cloud.  He did complete the degree from Katubedda ( now prestigious University of Moratuwa, Sri Lanka), but did not complete the post qualification experience segment to qualify for the B.Sc.Engineering. 

The National List of Sri Lanka was originally introduced to fill the vaccum, to be able to recruit properly qualified men and women  to become Ministers of the Cabinet etc. But today Sri Lanka has not been able to make productive use of National List, as originally intended.  It is now a gateway for defeated candidates, Buddhist Monks like Rathana to enter the Parliament. Going forward, it would be most appropriate to restrict the National List nominees to Specialists, at least until mandatory minimum academic qualifications are stipulated in a future Constitution Assembly.

What Is Really Happening In Xinjiang

July 20th, 2019

by Ambassador Cheng Xueyuan

Recently, I was surprised to notice that some politicians and media in the western countries continuously attacked China’s policy in Xinjiang, falsely claiming that a large number of concentration camps” violating human rights have been established there. But what is the true story?

The Grand Bazar (market) in Urumqi, Xinjiang, 2018

In Xinjiang have settled as many as 47 ethnic groups, including the Uygur, Han, Kazak, Hui, Mongolian, Tajik etc. Among the 24.4 million population of Xinjiang, nearly 13 million are Muslims. The Chinese government has attached great importance to maintaining the ethnic and religious harmony, as well as the economic and cultural development in Xinjiang. There are 24,400 mosques in Xinjiang by far, which means one mosque shared by every 530 Muslims, an even higher proportion than some Islamic countries. In Xinjiang, television programs are broadcast in multiple languages, and diverse ethnic groups are allowed to use their own languages in lawsuits and election. Chinese, Uygur and Kazak languages are equally available in The National College Entrance Examination. All the facts clearly prove the so-called oppression of Muslims” a total fake news.

a training center in Xinjiang, 2018

However, such stability and prosperity in Xinjiang is not what some external forces wish to see. Since the 1990s, under the combined infection of separatists, extremists and terrorists, both domestically and internationally, Xinjiang has seen thousands of violent and terrorist crimes, leading to huge casualties of innocent citizens and death of hundreds of policemen. Those terrorists such as East Turkistan Islamic Movement have already been identified by UN and many countries as international terrorist organization.

As a precaution measure to fight terrorism, the Chinese government has established vocational training centers in Xijiang, in accordance with the Constitution and the Counter-terrorism Law. These centers are in fact boarding schools, where lessons on national language, laws, vocational training and deradicalization are offered for free, so that trainees can master a skill and achieve self-reliance after the training. It is a common sense that any citizen, no matter in which country, should be able to use the national language; laws of all countries shall not be ignored or even overridden. Lack of access to necessary vocational skills will cause unemployment and poverty, which would become soil nurturing extremist ideas.

In Xinjiang, trainees sign agreements with the training centers, share free food and accommodation, and enjoy all fundamental rights. Trainees can have home visits on regular basis and can ask for leave for personal affairs. Families are also free to visit and to video chat with them.

What is most significant and important is that since the establishment of training centers, no violent or terrorist activity occurred in Xinjiang for more than 25 months, and the overall security has been largely improved there. In the year of 2018, tourists to Xinjiang, from inside and outside China, numbered over 150 million, with a 40 percent growth comparing to the year of 2017.


Riot in Xinjiang, 2009


Riot in Xinjiang, 2009

The international community will no longer easily believe the rumors of western media. On 12th July, 37 countries of diverse regions, nationalities, religions and social systems co-signed a letter to United Nations Human Rights Council, supporting China’s policy in Xinjiang and objecting politicizing human rights issue. They speak highly of China’s counter-terrorism and de-radicalization efforts in Xinjiang, including the establishment of training centers, which they believe will benefit the security and stability of China, the region and the world. It is worth mentioning that many among these 37 countries are actually Islamic countries. Because many countries also suffer from terrorism, extremism and separatism, they fully understand that the real problem in Xinjiang is the threat of terrorism, and strongly support China’s anti-terrorism practice in Xinjiang.

About two weeks ago, on 7th July, I had an opportunity to visit Negombo, mourn in the St. Sebastian Church, and visit the children injured in the 21/4 terrorist attacks. I can strongly feel the pain of the Sri Lankan people from all ethnic communities. The attacks reminded us once again that terrorism and extremism are common threats for both China and Sri Lanka. We believe that people from all circles of Sri Lanka society can tell what is right from wrong, and can fully understand China’s efforts in fighting terrorism, extremism and separatism. Let us work together, enhance our cooperation on security and law enforcement, encourage more exchanges between different ethnic and religious groups of our two countries, and uphold peace and safety of our two peoples.

Ambassador Cheng Xueyuan Visiting St. Sebastian Church in Negombo, 2019

How long are the Sinhala people going to tolerate this nonsense of the tyranny of minority politics…continued

July 19th, 2019

Mario Perera, Kadawata

Forever until the Sinhalese are no more – Dilrook

Dilrook’s comment must be printed in RED and posted in every street corner of this country. Read any and every article in our newspapers and journals. They all establish and confirm the stark reality that ‘we live in a fairytale’. Hope as regards the hopeless is not hope. It is delusion. The vast majority of our Sinhala writers are personifications of Nero playing his lyre and singing while Rome was burning. The core issue has not filtered into their consciousness. Even those who strike the alarm do not advance compatible solutions. Every remedy they foresee is from within the existing structure. It does not strike them that the prevailing frame-work is totally sterile and inapt to restore the status quo which is Sri Lanka – the land of the Sinhala.

Yes the Sinhalese need a Sinhala Buddhist nation. Both realities, Sinhala and Buddhism have undergone a massive erosion, so that calling this nation Sinhala-Buddhist is being taken by minorities with a pinch of salt. That the whole Island is NOT Sinhala-Buddhist is obvious. The North is exclusively Tamil. The East is predominantly Tamil and Mussie. What about the rest of the country? Well, it is fast being flooded by Tamils and Mussies. Wattala, Dehiwala, Mount Lavinia…name it: they are all gone. The others are fast gong…going. Hope that someone or something will fix this is day-dreaming at its worst. It must be called for what it is: ramblings of deluded minds.

We cannot expect the Buddha to visit this country again. If he does, the Hindus will brand him ‘Vishnu’: that is what it is in India. The mussies will declare him to be a prophet of Allah: that is how they consider Jesus. They will change the nature of Buddha and Buddhahood making him unrecognizable to even die-hard Buddhists. Indeed: how long are the Sinhala people going to tolerate this nonsense of the tyranny of minority politics? The answer cannot be evaded. The truth is before all eyes to see. It is: Forever until the Sinhalese are no more.

If one reads the Mahavamsa, it becomes obvious that Sri Lanka is a country under siege. The veritable symbol of this reality is the image of Duttu Gemunu lying curled up in his bed. How can I stretch myself when the enemy is all around? Nothing of that has changed today. It is even more fearful. They have penetrated into the Sinhala heartland from all directions. ‘‘This is the reality. House by house, road by road, school by school, shrine by shrine, village by village, later district by district go to Tamils and Muslims but the converse is not true.’’ (Dilrook). What is even more tragic is that ‘‘No one is interested in this and no one can fix this.’’

Indeed no one can fix it. Do not count on the Diyawanna Oya rulers of both ruling party and opposition. They all had their way and their say at some time, and .they all flopped. They will play the same old game until their chairs are pulled away from underneath their filthy backsides.

If history is a factor to go by there is something that should strike our minds. We know how SWRD died. He came into power with the same hands that took that power away from him. They gave their ballot for him, and fired their bullet into him. No doubt there was much intrigue and machination about which speculation will always be rife. Yet there is no mistake in the assertion that SWRD was bending backwards to accommodate the Tamils. Tragically yet symbolically the men who paid the ultimate price were ones in the yellow robe. They put him on the throne: they brought him down.

We all know the legend of the dying young rebel monk who entered the womb of Vihara maha Devi and emerged as Duttu Gemunu. The monks led the Sinhala regiments even incrusting Buddhist relics into their spear heads. And when the war was over, many of them, including famous Dasa Maha Yodayas donned the yellow robe. We saw how a monk assuming a fast unto death made the powers that are to tremble. We saw the immense gathering of monks in Kandy and heard their rumblings. What we are seeing could well be the tip of an iceberg.

The Theravada doctrine established by the Sinhala Sangha is not just another form of Buddhism. It is a radical version of the Buddhism known in India. It was conceived and elaborated specifically to meet the unique challenges faced by our island nation, Lanka. It was the threat of Indian invasions and the absorption of Buddhism into Hinduism. Theravada was like cannons placed on bastions and turrets pointing at the sea to safeguard that treasure. Did not Duttu Gemunu says that he agonized at being circumscribed by the ocean?  Theravada not only safeguarded Lanka, it also safeguarded the Buddha who left India and stepped into Lanka consecrating the land with his hallowed footstep.

What am I advocating? Is it violence? Is it killing? It is time to call a spade a spade. The blessed one never laid down commandments. Thou shall not kill is not a commandments ascribable to the Buddha, certainly not the Buddha of Theravada Buddhism. The Blessed One insisted on right thought and right action. It is for his followers to take right decisions and translate them into right actions. If that right action makes the Sinhala to kill and be killed then so be it.

The question is: how long are the Sinhala people going to tolerate this nonsense of the tyranny of minority politics? The answer predictably is: Forever until the Sinhalese are no more. But the Sinhalese being no more means Theravada Buddhism becoming extinct. It means sending the Buddha into oblivion. It means the Buddha becoming Vishnu and a prophet of Allah in the very land that once was the land of the Sinhala of Theravada Buddhism, of the chosen sons of the Buddha and in his chosen land.

What is happening in Sri Lanka is not a political upheaval. It is a crime against the Buddha. We know the following verse that sprang from the lips of a monk, a guardian of the nation. The sword is pulled from the scabbard, it is not put back unless smeared with blood. Our mothers turned their blood to milk to make us grow. Not for ourselves but for the country. My brave, brilliant fighter son leaving home to defend our cause. That act of merit is enough to reach Nirvana.

The tragic situation facing the Sinhala-Buddhist nation cannot be cured any more by the ballot. The presidential election will be just another farce. Is there an alternative? YES. Enlightened minds among Sinhala-Buddhist know it. It is NOW the time to have recourse to it. The treacherous rulers must go.

Mario Perera, Kadawata

Giants: Who Really Rules The World?

July 19th, 2019

Courtesy Empire Files

Abby Martin sits down with Peter Phillips, former director of Project Censored and professor of Political Sociology at Sonoma State University. His new book Giants: The Global Power Elite” details the 17 transnational investment firms which control over $50 trillion in wealth—and how they are kept in power by their activists, facilitators and protectors.

Another Presidential Election, Another Display of Tamil Eelam and Malaya Nadu Maps to the World

July 19th, 2019

Dilrook Kannangara

Another presidential election is around the corner. And that means the nation is forgotten once again and political clans take centre stage. 

There is a sinister side to all presidential elections.

All presidential elections after 1994 showcased internal divisions to the whole world. The ethnic group classified as ‘Sri Lankan Tamils’ demand Tamil Eelam – a hypothetical state making up the entirety of the north and parts of the east and the north western areas. This has been an election issue since 1977. Similarly since 2002 the ethnic group classified as ‘Indian Tamils’ have been demanding Malaya Nadu – another hypothetical state within the hill country in the middle of the island.

All presidential elections after 1994 divided voters into two main camps very clearly separated out on a map. The areas claimed as Tamil Eelam and Malaya Nadu are obvious on the election results maps. This is the perfect opportunity for external meddlers to interfere in local matters. What they see are three different countries within the island.

Politicians understand this very well but they don’t care. However, they do rely on this fact for their benefit. People demanded referendums for the 13A and the proposed new constitution. Politicians (including likely candidates for the 2019 presidential election) stated that it is dangerous as it will display to the whole world our internal divisions. Correct. However, why don’t they see the very same danger in presidential elections? Surely, it’s an attempt to hide their real views on 13A and the proposed new constitution. If a referendum is called they have to say their stand and people will know they are not different to TNA.

Sirisena won the 2015 presidential election. He had support of the two dissenting Tamil speaking areas. This calmed the international community down as the president was seen to have won the confidence of the pro-India and pro-West minorities. What will happen if the result is the opposite?

This happened in 1999, 2005 and 2010. In all these instances the international community put severe pressure on Lanka to come up with separatist political solutions, address sham human rights issues and downgrade the military. However, before 2009 it was a difficult choice for the international community. Accepting separatist territories was out of the question as one of them was controlled by a banned terrorist organization. Even the Chief Minister of the East was a former LTTE cadre accused of using child soldiers. The north didn’t have an elected Chief Minister.

This is not the case since 2013. There are governance mechanisms in place in each of these areas that have devolved powers now vested in them.

More than anything else, the 2019 presidential election will be a massive display of a fractured country, outright rejection of the winner with executive powers by the minorities and existing divisions will be exploited by foreign powers for military purposes. It is much worse than a referendum on 13A which federalist politicians of all shades of patriotism have cunningly avoided.

රාජ්‍ය ඇමති රන්ජන් රාමනායක පිරිමි ගොන් නාම්බෙක්ද?

July 19th, 2019

චන්ද්‍රසිරි විජයවික්‍රම

රාජ්‍ය ඇමතිකමක්ද දී රනිල් විසින් රන්ජන්ව නඩත්තු කරන්නේ, ඇමෙරිකන් තානාපති නෝනා ඔහු සමඟ සෙල්ෆි ගහන්නේ, බළල් අතක් වශයෙන් ඔහුගෙන් ලබාගත හැකි ප්‍රයෝජන නිසාය. කලින් සිටි තානාපති නෝනා මාදුළුවාවේ සෝභිත හිමියන්ට දුන් ලණුව භාර දීමට තරම් දඹර අමිල හිමිට රටේ තැනක් නැත. එසේ නොහැකිවිට කලහැකි හොඳම ඉත්තා ලෙස රනිල්-මංගලලා රන්ජන්ගේ සවුත්තු කට පාවිච්චිකරමින් සිටී. භික්‍ෂු අපචාර ගැන රන්ජන්ගේ මුල් යූටියුබ් ප්‍රකාශය, ඔහුගේ ශ්‍රී මහා බෝධි පන්සලේ හාමුදුරුවරු ගංජා බොන මුහුණු පොත් සටහන, අන්තිමට රනිල් හමුවූ පසු ඔහු මාධ්‍යවලට මුලින් කී දෙය හා පසුව අළුතින්ම ලන්ඩන්, පෝප් හා ඒඩ්ස් හැදුනු සාමනේරවරුන් ඈඳා කල වනා වෙඩිතැබීම යන මේ සියල්ල විශ්ලේෂණය කරන අයෙකුට මෙම සිද්ධියේ ඇති බරපතලකම හා ශූක්‍ෂම ප්ලෑන එලිදරව්වේ.
රනිල් හමුවූ පසු ඔහු ඒඩ්ස් හැදුනු සාමනේරයන් ගැනද කියයි.

ලෝකයට ථේරවාදී බුදුදහම හා ත්‍රිපිටකය රැකදුන් ලංකාවේ පන්සලට පහරදීම නොහොත් ලංකාවේ මහාවංශවිරෝධී ව්‍යාපාරයට, මාක්ස්වාදීන් හා හාවර්ඩ් සරසවියේ සිටි ස්ටැන්ලි තම්බයියාගේ පොත්‌වලට අමතරව, බලු ජාත්‍යන්තර මූණතක්ද ඇතිබව දැනට දශක දෙකකට පමණ පෙර මට තහවුරුවූයේ අහම්බෙනි. ඒ වනවිට ෂුනාමියක් මෙන් ඇමෙරිකාවේ පැතිර යමින් තිබුණේ කතෝලික පූජකවරුන් විසින් බාල වයසේ දරුවන් දුසිම් ගණනින් දූෂණය කිරීමේ (හා පසුව මතුපිටට ආ කන්‍යාරාමවල කන්‍යාතුමියන්වද දූෂණය කිරීම) ඛේදජනක පුවතය. මේ සම්බන්‌ධයෙන් ඇමෙරිකන් පුවත්පතකට, විස්කොන්සින් විශ්ව විද්‍යාලයේ මහාචාර්යවරයෙක් ප්‍රකාශයක් කරමින් කියා තිබුණේ එවැනි ආකාරයේ අපචාර කතෝලික පල්ලිවල පූජකයින්ගෙන් සිදුවීම අසාමාන්‍ය කරුණක් නොවන බවත්, අතීතයේදී මෙන් දැනුත් බෞද්ද්ධ සංඝ සමාජයේත් එවැනිදේ සිදුවන බවත්‌ය. ක්‍රිස්තියානි අනිත් පූජකයින්ට මෙන් නොව කතෝලික පූජකයින්ට, ථේරවාද භික්‍ෂූන්ට මෙන් ස්ත්‍රීන් හා එකට ජීවත්‌වීම තහනම්‌ය.

මෙම විස්කොන්සින් පුද්ගලයා කල ප්‍රකාශය පලවී තිබූණේ එය එම විශ්ව විද්‍යාලයේද මතය යයි යමෙකුට සිතෙන ආකාරයට, කපටි අන්දමටය. මොහු කලේ බලු ප්‍රකාශයක් නිසා එයට අභියෝග කිරීමට මට සිදුවිය. ඇමෙරිකාවේ කතෝලික පූජක අපචාරවල මූලික ගැටළුව වූයේ හුදෙක් ලිංගික අපචාර පමණක්ම නොවේ. එවැනි අපචාර සිදුවන බව දැන දැනම එසේ අපචාර කල පූජකයින් තවදුරටත් වංචනික ලෙස පල්ලිවලින් මාරුකරමින් සේවයේ තබාගෙන, ඒවා ගැන ආ චොදනා සඟවා, යට ගසා, රහසින් වන්‌දි මුදල් ගෙවා ක්‍රියා කිරීමට පල්ලි සංවිධාන හා ඉහල බිෂොප් වරු, කාදිනල්වරු කටයුතු කිරීමය. මේ කාලය වන විට පල්ලි වලට එන කතෝලික ජනයාගේ ශීඝ්‍ර අඩුවීමක් මෙන්ම පල්ලිවල සේවය සඳහා අවශ්‍ය පාදිලිවරුන්ගේ බලවත් හිඟයක්දවිය. බෞද්ද්ධ භික්‍ෂූ විනය නීති වල වනයේ දමා ගොස් ඇති මළ සිරුරු සමඟ ලිංගික ක්‍රියාවල නොයෙදෙන ලෙස පවා සඳහන් කර තිබෙන්නේ එවැනි ක්‍රියා මිනිස් සංහතිය තුල සිදුවන නිසාය. තම මරණ ශාලාවට ගේන මිනී සමඟ ලිංගික ක්‍රියාවේ යෙදී අසුවුණ මරණ ශාලා හිමියෙක් ඇමෙරිකාවේදී මෑතකදී අසුවිය. පව් සමා කිරීම යන රීතිය අනුව කතෝලික පූජකයෙකුට විශේෂයෙන් යම් ස්ත්‍රියකගේ චරිතය ගැන දෙවියන්ගේ නාමයෙන් නිලවශයෙන්ම දැනගැනීමට ඉඩ ලැබෙන අතර ඒ අනුව දූෂිත යම් පාදිලි කෙනෙකුට බැටලුවා වෘකයා ගෙන් වෙන් කරගත හැකිදවේ. යම් ස්ත්‍රියකගේ ස්වාමිපුරුෂයා නොදන්නා ඇගේ රහස් පාදිලිතුමා දැනගැනීමට ඉඩ ලැබේ.

මා විසින් ඊමේල් මගින් එම පුද්ගලයාගෙන් විමසූවිට මට දැනගත හැකිවූයේ ඔහු මහාචාර්යවරයෙකු නොවූබවත්, පුස්තකාලයක් භාරව සිටි සහකාරයෙකු බවත්‌ය. පත්තරයේ වාර්තාකරුට වරද පටවා (දැන් රන්ජන් ඉරාජ්ට නඩුදානවා මෙන්) ගැලවීමට ඔහු තැත්කලවිට ඔහු පිළිඹදව විස්කොන්සින් සරසවියේ උපකුලපතිට රිපෝට් කරන බව දැන්‌වූ පසු ඔහු වරද පිළිගත්තත් ඒ වනවිට ඔහුගේ බොරු ප්‍රකාශයෙන් බෞද්ද්ධයින්ට සිදුවූ හානිය සිදුවී හමාරය. මෙම සිද්ධිය හා රන්ජන් හැසිරීම අතර ඇත්තේ එකම අරමුණකි. දඹර අමිල හිමි වැනි කෙනෙක් වෙනුවට කතෝලික රන්ජන්ගේ බලුකට හරහා කරන්නට හදන්නේ පාස්කු ප්‍රහාරයෙන් පසු ඇතිවුන බෞද්ද්ධ ක්‍රිස්තියානි සිංහල සමඟිය පළුදු කිරීමත්, රටේ දැන් නැඟිිෙන භික්‍ෂූ බලවේගය මහජනයා අතර හෑල්ලුවට ලක්කිරීමත්‌ය. ඊට මැදිහත්‌ව සිටින භික්‍ෂූන් නොමරා මැරීමට බැලීමය. මෙවැනි උපක්‍රමයක් 1959 දී අගමැති මැරීමේදී සිදුවිය. ඔහුගේ ඝාතනය කලේ සෝමාරාමද, ඒ වනවිට හිසබූගා සිටි ඔසී කොරයාද යන සැකය, ඇමෙරිකාවේ ජෝන් කෙනඩි ඝාතනය පිළිඹද සැකය වැනිමය. කෙටි කාලයකට හෝ හාමුදුරුවරුන්ට පාරේ යා නොහැකි තත්‌වයක් ඇතිවිය. අවලංගු කාසි බවට දැන් වැටී සිටින පක්‍ෂ දේශපාලකයින්ගෙන් රටේ දේශපාලනය උඳුරා ගත යුතුය යන පොදු මහජන මතය ලැව්ගින්නක්සේ පැතිරෙමින් යද්දී ඊට පෙරමුණ දෙන්නේ ක්‍රියාකාරී භික්‍ෂූන් අතලොස්සක් විසිනි. මෙවැනි භික්‍ෂූන් 20 ක් පමණ සිටින බවත් ඉන් සියේට අනූවක්‌ම ලිංගික අපචාරකාරයින් යයි රන්ජන් කියන්නේ මේ නිසාය.

රන්ජන් හරහා රනිල් කලේ විස්කොන්සින් කපටියා කල දේමය. ජනයා නොමග යැවීමට බැලීමය. මිනිසුන් අතර සමලිංගික සේවනය, බලු පැටියෙක් ලොකුවූ පසු ඌ උගේ මවය කියා බැල්ලියකගේ වෙනසක් නොදකිනවා වැනි දෙයකට වෙනස්‌ය. යම් ස්ත්‍රියක හා පිරිමියෙකු අතර පමණක් නොව, පිරිමියෙකු-පිරිමියෙකු හා ස්ත්‍රීයක-ස්ත්‍රීයක අතර තොටගමුවේ ශ්‍රී රාහුල හාමුදුරුවන් කවියෙන් කී අන්දමට අවසර කල් රහස් තැන ලැබේ නම් ලේසියෙන් ලාභෙට ලබාගත හැකි වරදේ බැඳෙනා අය බොහෝය. මෙම පෘතග්ජන ස්වභාවය බටහිර රටවල නම් දැන් එලිපිටම මගතොටේදී පවා නීත්‍යානුකූලව සිදුවේ. ඔවුන්ට හැමදාම වැලන්ටයින් දිනේය. කසාද බැඳීමට ඉඩදෙන ක්‍රිස්තියානි නිකාය තුල පවා, ලංකාවේ කොළඹ මැතිව්ලා සිටියේය.

මිනිසුන් හාමුදුරුවරුන්ට වඳින්නේ ඔවුන් තුන්වන ශික්‍ෂාපදය රකිනවාය යන විශ්වාසය මතය. ලුනු, සීනි හා දෙහි ඇඹුල් නොකෑමෙන් රාගය අඩුකරගත හැකිවුවත්, මනසින් රාගය තුනීකරගත් සඟපරපුරක් ලංකාවේ හා ලෝකයේ සිටී. රාගය ඇතිවීම පෘතග්ජන ස්වභාවයක් බවත්, මනස දියුණුකිරීම මගින් රාගී හැඟීම් කළමනාකරණය කර තුරන් කරගත හැකිබවත් බෞද්ද්ධයින්ට උගන්වා දේ. මේ අතර බුද්ධරක්ඛිතලා-විමලා විජේවර්‍ධනලා සිටින බව සැබෑය. එහෙත් බුද්ද්ධ ශාසනයේ ඇති වෙනස නම් යමෙක් එසේ දුශ්ශීලයෙක් බව දැනගත් විට සමාජය, ගම ඔහුව වෙන්කර හඳුනා ගැනීමය. මේ අතින් කතෝලික පල්ලිය හා පාප්තුමා ප්‍රධාන සංවිධානත්, පන්සලත් අතර ඇති වෙනස නම් මධ්‍යම පරිපාලනයක් නොමැති හෙයින් භික්‍ෂූත්වයෙන් එවැන්නන් නෙරපීමට බෞද්ද්ධ සංස්ථාවක් නැතිවීමය. කාසි උසාවි ලබාදුන් බෞද්ද්ධ දේශපාලකයින් සංඝාධිකරණයක් ඉල්ලා බෞද්ද්ධ කොමිෂන් හරහා කල ඉල්ලීම් දිගටම පැහැර හැරියේය. සෑම ගමේ පන්සලකම ස්වාධිපත්‍යය සහිත භාරකරු විහාරාධිපතිය. මා උපන් පානදුරේ වලානේ මීට වෙනස් හාමුදුරුවරු දෙන්නෙක් සිටියේය. එක් අයෙක් ඔහුට අයත් ඉඩමක ඔහුගේම ආරාමයක් තනියෙන් ගෙන ගියේය. තවත් නමක් ඔහුගේ ආරාමවත්තේ ස්ත්‍රියකට හා කුඩා දරුවන්ට ගෙයක් සදා තබාගත්තේය. ඔවුන් ගිහියන්ගෙන් දාන මාන ඉල්ලුවේද නැත. ගිහියන් ඔවුන්ගේ නිවාසවලට ගල්ගසන්නට ගියේද නැත. පැල්මඩුල්ලෙන් ආ විනය වර්‍ධන ව්‍යාපාරය ගැන පවා පන්සල් කලබල වූයේ නැත. ආගමික සංස්ථා ප්‍රජාතන්ත්‍රවාදය ඇති ලෝකයේ එකම තැන ලංකාවේ පන්සල් ක්‍රමයය. තමන් බුදු කෙනෙක්‌ය කියා තමාගේම පිලිමයක් හදාගෙන ඉන්නා පන්සලක් ඇත්තේ ලංකාවේ පමණය.

රන්ජන්ලා, රනිල්ලා, තානාපතිලා විසින් දැනගතයුතු දෙයක් නම් අවුරුදු 550 ක විදේශ ක්‍රිස්තියානි ආක්‍රමණ හා ඊට පෙර දකුණු ඉන්දියන් යුද්ධ පරදවා ලංකාව දිගටම බෞද්ද්ධ රාජ්‍යයක්ව පවතින්නේ ලංකාවේ හාමුදුරුවරුන් නිසා බවය. ගනින්නාන්සේලා සිටි කාලයේ පවා ඔවුන් කට පාඩමින් ත්‍රිපිටකය රැක ගත්තේය. වැලිවිට ශ්‍රී සරණංකර සංඝරාජ හිමිඳුන්ට වසදීමට කොළඹින් චරපුරුෂයින් යැවීමේ සිට 2003 දී ගංගොඩවිල සෝම හිමියන්ගේ සැකසහිත අභාවය දක්වා තිබෙන්නේ පන්සල හා පාලකයින් අතර ඇති අරගලයේ සාහසික උදාහරණය. 1802, 1815 නෝත්-බ්‍රවුන්‍රිග් කාලයේ සිට පන්සල් හා ගම බෙදීම සුද්දන්ගේ සැලැස්ම විය. දෙවන ලෝක යුද සමයේ ජපන්නු ලංකාවට ආවොත්, ඒ කාලයේදී ඇමෙරිකාවේ සිටි ජපන් පුරවැසියන්ට රැසවේල්ට් ජනාධිපති විසින් කලාක් මෙන්, පන්සල්වල හාමුදුරුවරුන් එකතුකර යුදකඳවුරුවල නිවාස අඩස්සියේ තබන්නට ලංකාවේ සිටි යුද අඥාධිපති ලේටන් තීරණය කලේ මේ නිසාමය. 1948 සිට පක්‍ෂ දේශපාලක කළුසුද්දන්ගේ උපාය වූයේද පක්‍ෂ දේශපාලන විෂබීජය හරහා පන්සල්වල හාමුදුරුවරුන් තමන්ගේ රූකඩ කරගැනීමය. එල්ලේ ගුණවංශ හාමුදුරුවන්ගේ වචන වලින් කියතොත්, පක්‍ෂ දේශපාලකයින්ට කොඩි අරගෙන පෙරහැරේ ගිය පන්සල් වලට ඉතුරු වුනේ කොඩිවල පොලු පමණය. මේ සෙල්ලම, සිංහල බෞද්ද්ධයින්ට නායකයෙක් නැතිබව, රටට එලි කලේ 2012 මැයි මස බිහිවූ බොදු බල සේනාවය. ගලබොඩ‌අත්තේ ඥානසාර හිමිඳුන් හිරේ දමනවා නම් හෝ නිහඬ කරවනවා නම් අද ඉන්නා පිරිත්නූල් බෞද්ද්ධ පක්‍ෂ දේශපාලකයින් හිතයටින් වුනත් සතුටුවන්නේ මේ එලිකිරීම නිසා ඔවුන් තොග පිටින්ම ගලේ පැහැරූ බළලුන්‌වී ගිය නිසාය.

ඉංග්‍රීසි සිවිල් නිලධාරීන් හා හුදකලාව වනගතව දුක්‌වින්ඳ හාමුදුරුවරු ලංකාවේ අතීත බෞද්ද්ධ නටබුන්-සිද්ද්ධස්ථාන ජාතියට රැකදුන්නේය. මඩකලපුවේ මංගලාරාමයේ අම්පිටියේ සුමනරතන හිමියන් මුළු දිස්ත්‍රික්කයටම ඇති එකම පන්සල රකිමින් සිටින්නේ සහරාන්ලාගේ හා හිස්බුල්ලලාගේ මරණ තර්‍ජන මැදය. කුඩාකාලයේදී ඊලම් කොටි විසින් දෙමව්පියන් මරා දැමීම නිසා තනිවුන, අනාතවුන, උන්වහන්සේගේ එකම ආයුධය ලෙස ඉතිරිව ඇත්තේ පරුෂ වචනයෙන් හොර නිලධාරීන්ට බැණීම පමණය. වරක් පවිත්‍රා විදුලිබල ඇමතිනිය විසින් පන්සලේ විදුලිය විසන්ධි කිරීමට කොළඹ සිට එවූ නිලධාරියෙක් හාමුදුරුවන්ට හොර ගෑණියෙක් ඉන්නවා යයි කී කතාව හාමුදුරුවන්ට ඇසුණේය. එම නිලධාරියාට එය ඔප්පුකරන ලෙසටත් නැත්නම් ඔහුට පන්සලෙන් පණපිටින් යන්නට නොදෙන බවටත් හාමුදුරුවන් කල සටන්කාමී අභියෝගය උඩ ඔහු තමා කී වචන ඉල්ලා අස්කරගෙන පොලිස් නිලධාරීන් ඉදිරියේ සමාව ගෙන බලුකුක්කෙක් මෙන් පිටව ගියේය. අසරණව සිටින සිංහල ජනයා වෙනුවෙන් සෝම හාමුදුරුවන් මෙන් බණ කිය කියා ඉන්නට සුමනරතන හාමුදුරුවන්ට පිනක් නැත.

සෝම හාමුදුරුවන්ට රහස් ප්‍රේම සම්බන්‌ධයක් තිබුණා යයි කියමින් වික්ටර් අයිවන් විසින් 2006 දී පන්සලේ විප්ලවය කියා පොතක් ලිව්වේය. මෙය එන්ජිිෝ කොන්ත්‍රාත්තුවක් විය යුතුය. එය ලිව්වේ හාමුදුරුවන් අපවත්කර අවුරුදු තුනකට පසුවය. ලංකාව ආරක්‍ෂාකරණා යම් අදෘෂ්‍යමාණ බලවේගයක් පවතින බව පාස්කු ප්‍රහාර කුමණ්ත්‍රනය කොට උඩ යෑමෙන් පැහැදිලිවේ. එය ඉන්දියාවේ තිරුපති කෝවිලේ තරාදිය නොවේ. ලංකාවේ මුස්ලිම්-සිංහල ගැටුමක් ඇතිකරවීමට සිතා කල ප්ලෑන බකල් විය. ඊට දින දෙකකට පෙර ඇමෙරිකන් තානාපති නෝනා හිස්බුල්ලා සමඟ ගොස් සහරාන්ගේ සයින්‌දුමරිදුවල ඇමෙරිකන් නාවික බලaැනියෙන් සැදූ පාසැලක් විවෘත කරදීම පුදුමාකාරයේ අහම්බ සිදුවීමකි. පාසැල් අවතැන්වන ජනයාගේ නිවහන්ද වේ. මෙම පාස්කු බෝම්බ නිසා නුදුරු අනාගතයේදී මුළු රටම වෙලාගත් භයානක බෝම්බ-කඩු-පිහි ඝාතනයක් පිළිඹඳ සංඥාවක් සිංහල හා දෙමළ ජනයාට ලැබුණේය.

සදාම් හුසේන් කුවයිට් ආක්‍රමණය කලොත් ඇමෙරිකාව ඊට මැදිහත් නොවන්නේ යයි ඇමෙරිකන් තානාපතිනිය දුන් ලණුව කා ඔහුට විරුද්ද්ධව මුස්ලිම් රටවල් බෙදාගන්නට සදාම් ඇමෙරිකාවට මගපාදා දුන්නේය. මිචෙල් සෙසන් මාදුළුවාවේ හාමුදුරුවන් හරහා සිංහල බෞද්ද්ධ ජනයා දෙකඩ කලේය. මහින්ද රාජපක්‍ෂ පැරදුනේ ඒ නිසාය. දැන් රනිල්ලා සදන්නේ ඥානසාර, රතන යන හාමුදුරුවරු දෙන්නා ඇතුළු සංඝ සමාජය විසින් රටේ ගොඩ නගමින් ඉන්නා 1956 දී සිදුවූවාටත් වඩා ප්‍රභල සිංහල-දෙමළ බලවේගයට රන්ජන් ලවා අපචාර කතා කියවා මඩ ගැසීමය. ටී එන් ඒ මන්ත්‍රී හොරුන්, බංකොලොත් ගජේන්ද්‍ර පොන්නම්බලම් වැනි අය කීනියා උණුවතුර ලිං, ගුරුකන්ද විහාරය වැනි අළුත් ප්‍රශ්ණ ඇතිකරන්නේද දෙමළ ජනයාගේ මේ වෙනස්වීමට ඇති භීතිය නිසාය.

පාස්කු ප්‍රහාරය යම් කුමණ්ත්‍රනකාරීන්ට පාරාවලල්ලක්‌වුන පරිදිම, රන්ජන් පාවිච්චිකරමින් කරන්නට සිදූකරන්නට සිතූ උපායද දැන් අතේ පත්තු වෙමින් පවතී. රන්ජන් දැලිපිහියක් අතට දුන් වඳුරෙක් වැනිය. ඔහුට ඇත්තේ පිරිසිදු රෙකෝඩ් එකක් නොවේ. නඩුකාරයින් ගැන ඔහු කල ප්‍රකාශය නිසා සමස්ත උසාවි ක්‍රමයම හෑල්ලුවට ලක්‌විය. නඩුකාරවරු ඔහුට විරුද්ද්ධ නඩුව කල්දමමින් අතරමංව සිටී. ඉන් පසු ඔහු කිව්වේ මන්ත්‍රීලා ඇමතිලා කුඩු ගහන කතාවය. මෙම කතාවෙන් පාර්ලිමේන්තුවේ කතානායක වෙව්ලා දණගසා ගියේය. රටේ ජනයා මෝඩයින් යයි මේ අය සිතන්නේය. රන්ජන් ගැන ඇමෙරිකන් තානාපති නෝනා නම් පැහැදී ඉන්නවාසේ පෙනේ. රන්ජන් නමැති කොට්ටෝරුවා දැන් කෙහෙල් ගහකට කොටා ඇත. පන්සල් ගැන, භික්‍ෂු විනය ගැන, පිරිමි ගණිකාවන්ගේ මනස ගැන රන්ජන් දන්නා කෙහෙල්මලක් නැත. විජය කුමාරතුංග මාමා, කාලෝ මාමා ගැන කියා ඔවුන්ගේ මොලේ ලබාගන්නට රන්ජන්ට බැරිබව රන්ජන්ට කියා දෙන්නට කෙනෙක් නැත.

රන්ජන් ඉස්සරහට දමා කතාවක් කියවා ඉන් පසු ඔහුගෙන් ලිඛිතව නිදහසට කරුණු විමසා, අගමැති කල සෙප්පඩවිජ්ජාව අගමැතිගේ බෙල්ලට වැටුණ උරචක්‍රමාලයක් කියා සිතෙන්නේ, කලාවැව හරහා ඇමෙරිකන් ඉරක් ගසන්නට වලිකන මොහු දැන් කලා වැව ගැන යෝද ඇල ගැන පුදුම ජාත්‍යාලයකින් කතා දෙන නිසාය. රන්ජන් හා රනිල් ලඟ දැන් භික්‍ෂූ අපචාර පිළිඹඳ ලිපිගොණුවක් ඇත. මෙහි ඇති නම් ගම් විස්තර පොලිසියට භාරදී හෝ කියවා බලා පොලිසියට භාරදෙන ලෙස ඔහු හැමවිටම සඳහන් කරන ඔහුගේ මල්වත්තේ මහනාහිමියන්ට භාරදීම රටේ අගමැති වශයෙන් රනිල්ට නීතියෙන් පැවරෙන වගකීමය. ලිපිගොණුවේ ඇති යම් භික්‍ෂුවක් විසින් සාමනේර භික්‍ෂූන් 9 කට ඒඩ්ස් රෝගය බෝකලා යන කරුණ පමණක්
වුවද සාපරාධි වරදක් යටතේ අත්‌අඩංගුවට ගැනීමට ප්‍රමාණවත්‌ය (මේ ගැන වෙන රටක නම් රටේ නීතිපති කෙලින්ම මැදිහත් වන්නේය). මෙසේ ක්‍රියා නොකරන්නේ නම් රන්ජන් හා රනිල් ඉන්නේ එකම බෝට්ටුවේය.

සංඝ සමාජයට මෙහිදී ඇති ජාතික වගකීම නම් රට වෙනුවෙන් එක් ධජයක් යටතේ ක්‍රියා කිරීමය. සංඝ සමාජයේ ප්‍රශ්ණ ඇති බොදු බල සේනාව 2012 දී සිටම කියා සිටියේය. තමන්ගේ වත්ත සුද්දකරගත යුතුයයි ඥානසාර හිමියෝ කියා සිටියේය. බොහෝ ගැටළු සුද්දගෙ නීතියෙන් බුද්ද්ධ ශාසනයට පැටවූ ගැටළුය. කාගම සිරිනන්ද හිමියන් ගම් වැසියන්ට පහදා දෙන අන්දමට සිවුර නමැති කැළයේ සැඟවී සිටීමට ඇති ඉඩකඩ බොහෝය. අනිත් අතට අඩුතරමින් 2002 බුද්ද්ධ ශාසන කොමිෂම් වාර්තාවත්, බුද්ද්ධ ශාසන ඇමතිවත් කියවා තිබෙනවාද? මාධ්‍ය හරහා රන්ජන්ට බනිනවා වෙනුවට හාමුදුරුවරුන් විසින් කල යුත්තේ සංවිධානගතව රන්ජන්-රනිල් කුමණ්ත්‍රනයේ හදවතටම පිහියෙන් ඇනීමය. රන්ජන් දමණය මේ අවස්ථාවේදී නොකලොත් ඉදිරි චන්ද වේදිකාවලදී රන්ජන් යකා නටනු නිසැකය.

ශ්‍රේෂ්ඨාධිකරණ සහ අභියාචනාධිකරණ නඩු තීන්දු සිංහල භාෂාවෙන් ලබා දීමට ජනමතය විමසන ලෙස ඉල්ලා අත්සන් ලක්ෂයක පෙත්සමකට අත්සන් ලබා ගැනීම ආරම්භ කරයි…..!

July 19th, 2019

අරුන උණවටුන

ශ්‍රේෂ්ඨාධිකරණ සහ අභියාචනාධිකරණ නඩු තීන්දු සිංහල භාෂාවෙන් ලබා දීමට ජනමතය විමසන ලෙස ඉල්ලා අත්සන් ලක්ෂයක පෙත්සමක් ජනාධිපතිවරයාට ලබා දීමට අත්සන් එකතු කිරීමේ ආරම්භක උත්සවය ජූනි 18 කොළඹ මහජන පුස්තකාලයේ දී පවත්වන ලදී.

නීතිය නොදැනීම සමාවට කරුණක් නොවේ” යන නීති සිද්ධාන්තය අනුව රටේ බහුතර ජනතාව වෙනස්කමකට ලක් නොකල යුතු අතර නීතිය දැන ගැනීමට ඇති මාර්ග අවහිර නොකළ යුතු වේ. ශ්‍රී ලංකාවේ පාලන ආයතන 3 අතරින් විධායකය සහ ව්‍යවස්ථාදායකය විසින් ගනු ලබන තීරණ රටේ බහුතර ජනතාවගේ භාෂාවෙන් එනම් සිංහල භාෂාවෙන්ද ගනු ලබන හෙයින් ඒවා ජනතාවට සන්නිවේදනය වුවත් අනෙක් පාලන ආයතනයේ ඉහළම ආයතන වන ශ්‍රේෂ්ඨාධිකරණය සහ අභියාචනාධිකරණය ගන්නා තීරණ ඉංග්‍රීසි භාෂාවෙන් පමණක් ලබා දෙන හෙයින් බහුතර සිංහල ජනතාවට ඒවා සන්නිවේදනය නොවන බවට සමාජයේ කතිකාවතක් නිර්මාණය වී ඇත.

ශ්‍රේෂ්ඨාධිකරණ සහ අභියාචනාධිකරණ විනිසුරුවරුන්ගේ අදහස් රටේ බහුතරයක් වූ සිංහල ජනතාවද දැන ගත යුතු බවට විවාදයක් තිබිය නොහැකි වුවත් ඒ සදහා පිළිගත් ක්‍රමවේදයක් නැති වීම ජනතාවට නීතිය දැන ගැනීමට ඇති මාර්ග වසා දැමීමකි. ශ්‍රේෂ්ඨාධිකරණයට සහ අභියාචනාධිකරණයට ඉංග්‍රීසි භාෂාවෙන් නඩු කටයුතු සිදුකිරීමට සහ නඩු තීන්දු ලබා දීමට ආණ්ඩුක්‍රම ව්‍යවස්ථාවේ 24 ව්‍යවස්ථාව යටතේ ගැසට් පත්‍රයක් මගින් විධාන කිරීමට අධිකරණ විෂය භාර ඇමතිවරයාට විධිවිධාන සළසා දී ඇත.  මෙය ජනතාවගේ අධිකරණ බලය සම්බන්ධව ජනතාවගේ පරමාධිපත්‍යය නොව කිහිප දෙනෙකුගේ පරමාධිපත්‍යය වෙනුවෙන් අධිකරණ විෂය භාර ඇමතිවරයා සිදුකරන මැදිහත් වීමක් බව පෙනී යයි. එමෙන්ම ශ්‍රේෂ්ඨාධිකරණය සහ අභියාචනාධිකරණය ගන්නා තීරණ ඉංග්‍රීසි භාෂාවෙන් පමණක් ලබා දීම ආණ්ඩුක්‍රම ව්‍යවස්ථාවේ රාජ්‍ය භාෂාව, ජාතික භාෂාව, පරිපාලන භාෂාව, නීති පැනවීමේ භාෂාව සහ අධිකරණ භාෂාව සම්බන්ධව දක්වා ඇති විධිවිධාන සැළකීමේදී නොගැලපෙන තත්ත්වයක් බවත් එය ආණ්ඩුක්‍රම ව්‍යවස්ථාවේ 1 වන ව්‍යවස්ථාවේ දැක්වෙන ශ්‍රී ලංකාව නිදහස්, ස්වෛරී, ස්වාධීන, ප්‍රජාතාන්ත්‍රික, සමාජවාදී ජනරජය යන ලෙස නම් කිරීමටද පටහැනි තත්ත්වයක් වන බව ශ්‍රේෂ්ඨාධිකරණ සහ අභියාචනාධිකරණ නඩු තීන්දු රටේ බහුතර ජනතාවට කියවිය හැකි පරිදි සිංහල භාෂාවෙන් ලබා ගැනීම වෙනුවෙන් වන වැඩසටහනේ සමායෝජක නීතිඥ අරුණ ලක්සිරි උණවටුන ප්‍රකාශ කරයි.

රටේ බහුතර ජනතාවට සිදුකරන මේ භාෂාවේ වෙනස්කම වැළැක්වීම ජාතික වැදගත් කමකින් යුත් අවශ්‍යතාවය ක් බව පෙන්වා දෙමින් එයට ජනමතවිචාරණයක් මගින් විසදුමක් ලබා ගැනීම සදහා ආණ්ඩුක්‍රම ව්‍යවස්ථාවේ 3, 4 සහ 86 ව්‍යවස්ථා යටතේ ජනාධිපතිවරයා වෙත ආණ්ඩුක්‍රම ව්‍යවස්වෙන් බලතල ලැබී ඇති බව පෙන්වා දෙමින් ශ්‍රේෂ්ඨාධිකරණ සහ අභියාචනාධිකරණ නඩු තීන්දු ලබා දිය යුතු භාෂාව සිංහල භාෂාව විය යුතුද?  යන කාරණය ජනමතවිචාරණයක් මගින් ජනතාව වෙත යොමු කරන ලෙස ඉල්ලමින් පුරවැසියන් ලක්ෂයක් විසින් කැමැත්ත ලබා දී අත්සන් කරන ලේඛනයක් ජනාධිපතිතුවරයා වෙත යොමු කිරීමට ශ්‍රේෂ්ඨාධිකරණ සහ අභියාචනාධිකරණ නඩු තීන්දු රටේ බහුතර ජනතාවට කියවිය හැකි පරිදි සිංහල භාෂාවෙන් ලබා ගැනීම වෙනුවෙන් වන වැඩසටහනේ සමායෝජක නීතිඥ අරුණ ලක්සිරි උණවටුන විසින් කටයුතු ආරම්භ කර ඇත.

මේ වන විට නීතිඥවරු ඇතුලු විද්වතුන් සහ පුරවැසියන් දහසකට ආසන්න ප්‍රමාණයක අත්සන් ලබා ගැනීමට අවශ්‍ය කටයුතු කර ඇති බවත් අත්සන් විසිතුන් දහසක් අත්සන් ලබා ගැනීමට අවශ්‍ය පියවර ගෙන ඇති බවත් අත්සන් ලක්ෂය ලබා ගැනීම සංකේවත් කරන පළමු උත්සව අවස්ථාව ජූනි 18 දින කොළඹ මහජන පුස්තකාලයේදී පවත්වා ඇත. ඒ අවස්ථාව සදහා කැළණිය විශ්ව විද්‍යාලයේ සංස්කෘත අධ්‍යයන අංශයේ මහාචාර්ය පූජ්‍ය ඉදුරගාරේ ධම්මරතන හිමියන් සිය අත්සන අත්සන් ලේඛණයේ පළමුව තබමින් මේ කටයුත්ත ආරම්භ කරන ලදී.

ශ්‍රේෂ්ඨාධිකරණ සහ අභියාචනාධිකරණ නඩු තීන්දු සිංහල භාෂාවෙන් ලබා ගැනීමට ජනතාවගේ ඇති අදහස ජනාධිපතිවරයා වෙත යොමු කිරීම සදහා මේ ගන්නා උත්සාහයට ඒ සදහා උනන්දුවක් ඇති පුරවැසියන්ට සිය අත්සන යොදා අත්සන් ලක්ෂයේ ඉලක්කය සපුරාදිය හැකි බව වැඩසටහනේ සමායෝජක නීතිඥ අරුණ ලක්සිරි උණවටුන විසින් ඉල්ලීමක් කරයි.

ශ්‍රේෂ්ඨාධිකරණ සහ අභියාචනාධිකරණ නඩු තීන්දු රටේ බහුතර ජනතාවට කියවිය හැකි පරිදි සිංහල භාෂාවෙන් ලබා ගැනීම වෙනුවෙන් වන වැඩසටහනේ දුරකථන අංක 0342256066, 0342256067 සහ 0712063394 අමතා වැඩි විස්තර ලබා ගත හැකිය.

ශ්‍රේෂ්ඨාධිකරණ සහ අභියාචනාධිකරණ නඩු තීන්දු ලබා දිය යුතු භාෂාව සිංහල භාෂාව විය යුතුද? මැයෙන් ජනමතවිචාරණයක් පවත්වන ලෙස ඉල්ලා ගරු ජනාධිපතිතුමා වෙත ඉදිරිපත් කිරීම සදහා පුරවැසියන් ලක්ෂයකගේ අත්සන් එකතු කිරීමේ සමාරම්භක නිල උත්සවය 2019 ජූලි මස 18 වන දින සවස කොළඹ 07 මහජන පුස්තකාලයේ ප්‍රවේශාගාරයේ දී නීතිඥවරු ඇතුලු විද්වත් පිරිසගේ සහභාගීත්වයෙන් පවත්වන ලදී. එම අවස්ථාවට වැඩම කළ කැළණිය විශ්ව විද්‍යාලයේ සංස්කෘතික අධ්‍යයන අංශයේ මහාචාර්ය පූජ්‍ය ඉදුරගාරේ ධම්මරතන හිමියන් සිය අත්සන ලබා දෙන අවස්ථාව සහ සිංහල භාෂාවෙන් ශ්‍රේෂ්ඨාධිකරණයේ සහ අභියාචනාධිකරණයේ නඩු තීන්දු ලබා ගැනීම රටේ බලය පිළිබද ප්‍රශ්නය තීරණය කිරීමක් බවට දේශනය පවත්වන අවස්ථාවත්, අත්සන් ලක්ෂය සදහා පුරවැසියන් සිය සහාය ලබා දෙන අකාරයත් භාෂා පරමාධිපත්‍යය පිළිබද ආණ්ඩුක්‍රම ව්‍යවස්ථාවේ යෙදීම් පිළිබද දේශනය නීතිඥ අරුණ ලක්සිරි උණවටුන සහ බුද්ධ ශාසනය සහ රටේ අනන්‍යතාවය පිළිබදව නීතිඥ ක්‍රිසන්ත නිස්සංක දේශන පවත්වන ආකරයත් මෙහි දැක්වේ…

Sri Lanka bombings: three months on, tourism workers tell their stories

July 19th, 2019

Courtesy The Guardian

May and June are the low season in Sri Lanka, but this year, following the Easter Sunday bombings, tourism ground to a halt. Hotels were empty, beaches were deserted and popular attractions that had been starting to suffer from overtourism were eerily quiet. The UK Foreign Office’s warning against all but essential travel was issued on April 25, effectively forcing UK holidaymakers to either cancel or postpone bookings.

Visitors in May were down 70% year on year. After the FCO changed its advice six weeks later on 6 June – and other countries lifted their restrictions – visitor numbers rose a little but were still 57% down year on year.

We had four yoga groups in May and June – they all had to cancel,” says Kevin Abbott, owner of Jim’s Farm Villas in central Sri Lanka. We effectively closed the hotel. Last weekend we had our first guests since the attack.”

https://www.theguardian.com/travel/2019/jul/19/sri-lanka-bombings-three-months-on-tourism-workers-tell-their-stories

The changing face of violent extremism

July 19th, 2019

KHALID KOSER LILLA SCHUMICKY-LOGAN Courtesy The Interpreter

New research suggests students themselves know the best
strategies to prevent violent radicalisation in universities.

A remembrance ceremony in Colombo in June, two months after the Easter Sunday bombings that killed 258 people (Photo: Ishara S. Kodikara via Getty)

A remembrance ceremony in Colombo in June, two months after the Easter Sunday bombings that killed 258 people (Photo: Ishara S. Kodikara via Getty)Published 19 Jul 2019 11:00

The Easter bombings in Sri Lanka killed 258 people, including two Australians among 46 foreign nationals, and injured 500 more. Its perpetrators according to Sri Lankan State Defence Minister Ruwan Wijewardene were well-educated and come from the middle or upper-middle class”, and were financially quite independent”. One of the bombers studied in the United Kingdom before going to Australia to complete a postgraduate degree.

This profile is almost completely at odds with the general perception that violent extremists, in developing countries in particular are deprived and marginalized. The much-cited reported from the United Nations Development Program Journey to Extremism in Africa”, for example, identifies lack of employment, healthcare, education, security, and housing as the main reasons for joining violent extremist and terrorist organisations. As a result, interventions that have gained traction over the last few years to prevent violent extremism have focused on education, provision of life-skills, and critical thinking. These are unlikely to be the most pressing priorities to address the frustrations of middle-class students.

Religion can distance
students from
mainstream culture,
but also buffer them
against radicalisation
to violent extremism.

How is the face of violent extremism changing? And what are more appropriate responses?

To some extent the Sri Lanka bombings resemble those in Bangladesh in 2016, when similarly, middle-class and educated extremists attacked a similarly soft target” (a bakery frequented by expatriates), although with far fewer fatalities (seven Japanese aid workers were among the fatalities). Shortly afterwards, the Global Community and Engagement and Resilience Fund (GCERF), where we work, surveyed over 2,000 students in public, private and religious universities in Dhaka, and have used the results to fund almost 1,000 activities reaching over three million people.

Some of the lessons we have learned may answer some of the questions now asked in Sri Lanka, as well as help prevent the radicalisation of university students elsewhere. In Tunisia, for example, our analysis of the socio-economic background of returning foreign terrorist fighters shows many of them are also university graduates, and left middle-class families to join ISIS.

First, who is at risk? We found that young women were as likely to be vulnerable to radicalisation to violent extremism as were young men (although all five suspects in Bangladesh were men and eight out of nine in Sri Lanka). In contrast to stereotypes, the statement that killing another person is against my moral beliefs” was mostly endorsed by students in religious institutions and least by students in private universities. The latter also exhibited the most limited sense of purpose. At the same time, students from religious institutions exhibited the lowest levels of cultural pride or connectedness to Bengali culture.

A poster outside the new location of Holey Artisan Bakery one year after the cafe attack in Dhaka, Bangladesh (Photo: Allison Joyce/Getty)

Second, what are the drivers? For most of the female respondents, their frustrations derived from gendered expectations of them in society as women, for example, getting married at an early age. Several also wanted retribution against gender-based violence. Many men spoke about the lack of, or troubled, relationships.

Male and female students were also concerned that they would be unable to fulfil their parents’ expectations. In this context, many also cited a lack of opportunities and limited prospects for gainful employment after finishing their studies as reasons to seek criminal or violent extremist alternatives. Overwhelming workloads as students, combined with a lack of extracurricular activities, also figured significantly in responses to the survey.

Third, where are the safety nets? Many of the same students who cited parental pressure to succeed as unbearable, also explained that a strong relationship with their parents and families was paramount. Others, both in religious institutions but also public and private universities, identified religion as one of the main factors in preventing them from becoming involved in violent extremist activities.

Fourth, what works? Working with students and universities, GCERF has funded hundreds of activities, to raise awareness, mobilize action, and identify constructive alternatives. A few common denominators have emerged.

The most effective activities have been student-centred and led. Separate programs for men and women have attracted greater participation than joint activities. It is critical to engage teachers, as well as students’ parents and families. Extracurricular activities focusing on art, theatre and sports generated the most positive feedback. Activities that combined students from different types of educational institutions (public, private, religious) generated the most friction but also the best outcomes. Online media extended reach, but often diluted the message.

Our early findings pose as many questions as they answer. Religion can distance students from mainstream culture, but also buffer them against radicalisation to violent extremism. The family can be a source of frustration as well as inspiration. Women are as at risk as men of radicalisation to violent extremism, sometimes for similar and sometimes different reasons. Universities are places of learning and loathing.

But what is clear is that governments and university authorities around the world need to do better to guard against the risk of radicalisation to violent extremism in universities. And the most effective way to do so is not through curfews or expulsions, or social media bans, but through interventions that resonate with students’ own hopes and fears.

A long-distance love story

July 19th, 2019

By Dr. Tilak S. Fernando Courtesy Ceylon Today

She lived in a faraway remote town, hundreds of miles away from the City of Colombo, and I was born in London. When the flower buds opened into beautiful blooms in her garden, they reached my olfactory glands automatically! Cool breezes swept across her garden in Sri Lanka, and moved thousands of miles, across the seas to bring me ‘love letters’ from her, my long-distance love! Neither had she seen me, nor had I seen her, the only bond between us was that I had heard about her from my parents quite often, from my young days in London.


Many professionals, doctors, lawyers, intellectuals, scholars, poets, renowned authors, journalists, and internationally reputed broadcasters all fell in love with her. Many artists captured beautiful portraits on her charismatic beauty, and the cameramen were eager to grip her splendour through their lenses. Poets wrote passionate poems about her, and songwriters equally composed romantic lyrics about her, and the singers echoed and projected her beauty in a most heart-rendering fashion, describing her mesmerizing beauty.


When I heard about all those, I too became more and more attracted to her on a daily basis. The metamorphosis of the sand grain turned it into a whole world, and a drop of water turned into a mighty ocean, and an infant child once, grew up to be an adult, and  an innocent heart managed to convert into something complex!


Her message to me, not so long ago, indicated her bond with me, when she said:


My dear…….! Although you and I live in two different countries separated by thousands of miles apart, your heart and mine beat always together!”
I responded to her sweet message in return by saying:


My dearest! I am willing to travel up to the seventh heaven in search of you and to reach you!”


When tropical birds migrated from Sri Lanka to other parts of the world, such birdies brought me information about her. When the moon shone on her, it shone on me as well, and when the sun went down for her, so did it for me too, perhaps within a few hours of difference.


However, at the end, I managed to work out a complex itinerary for a long-awaited journey to visit her. You (the reader), might think that I wanted to embark upon such a long and arduous journey single-handed….. No….! In fact, I decided to go with a group of others, who in their own minds had fallen in love with her, influenced by professionals, doctors, lawyers, intellectuals, scholars, poets, renowned authors, journalists, and internationally reputed broadcasters’ adulation.


The leader of our group was one of my best friends, whom I assessed as the one who knew where she lived exactly. In fact, he was the one who described to me in detail, and encouraged me, and organised this long trip, to have a meeting with her.

Anxiety

Days turned into weeks, weeks passed by into months, and finally, we ended up inside a SriLankan Airlines aircraft. It was very strange I thought, when I didn’t come into contact with any of the Government Cabinet Ministers, Prime Minister, or even the President of the Country inside the SriLankan aircraft. After a strenuous (11-hour direct flight) from Heathrow Airport, we landed at the Bandaranaike International Airport, Colombo, in the middle of the night, yet my friend advised me we still had a few hundred miles to reach her. That wait seemed much longer now than the last twenty-five years of my life!


The feeling inside the aircraft was like a wedding without the bride. Lights inside the aircraft were turned off, except a few panel lights along the body of the fuselage, and the odd passenger, who could not rest peacefully inside the plane, started to read a magazine, by switching on his overhead light. I could hear thunder and lightning outside in God’s land! We finally landed at the Bandaranaike International Airport in the thick of night. 

Without paying much heed to the time factor, or the pitch darkness outside the airport building, I suggested to my friend that we started our journey to find her straightway.


Only the bright galaxy of stars in the sky over us were visible, a rare scene I had not witnessed all my life in London. There were hardly any streetlights on the main road, and the streets were entirely empty. Every now and then, I expected to see at least one, or two people on the road, but I could only see fireflies in the dark. As I said before, I was not alone on this long journey, but my best friend accompanied me. Although he had been a globetrotter, and was extremely familiar with places like London, Paris, Berlin, New York, Toronto, Sydney, Melbourne, and Chicago, this was his trip to Sri Lanka after a considerable period of time, and to his amazement the skyline of Sri Lanka had changed appropriately, that made him, I guess, to become rather confused.


We were chauffeur driven in the pitch darkness, along a dark road. After travelling a couple of hundred miles, we expected to see at least someone on the road! Occasionally, we did come across an odd person or two, from whom we made enquiries about her. Our Sinhala appeared to be Greek to them. Then their Sinhala was even worse than Greek to us!


In that unforgettable ominous night, we aimlessly walked on the main road, after getting down from the car at various places. It seemed like we were going in search of the horizon! Once, at long last, we came across a young man who spoke some Broken English. We tried to speak to him in our rusty Sinhala, and explained to him that we had come from London. 

Upon hearing the word London, a smile dawned on him. After a brief conversation with him, his countenance changed, and we gathered that he knew exactly where we were heading. Next, he voluntarily got into our car in an attempt to help us, which was totally a rare experience for us coming from London, and this young man’s offer to guide us in the middle of the night amazed us, which we could not have found anywhere in England, or anywhere in the world for that matter, especially in the early hours of the following morning, in order to guide us to where she was.


After few minutes of driving with the stranger, this young lad called her name aloud, screamed and shouted in order to wake her up. She seemed to be fast asleep. There were only memories of old castles, ruins of various buildings around us. The young man yelled in joy, to let her know that we had come all the way from London! Yet, I was wondering whether it would be proper for him to disturb the whole neighbourhood in such a manner, especially during unsocial hours. Alas! No door opened, no window unlocked, and not a single gate unfastened.


I then called aloud her name with ecstasy, to let her know that her long-distance love was there on her doorstep to tell her that I had come all the way from London, after all these years, to appreciate her beauty. At last, like a magnet attracts iron filings to it, our echoed voices attracted each other. The door opened to the one who kept on knocking! A cold breeze constantly blew. When the moon shone, it shone on both of us simultaneously. She cried and shed happy tears and welcomed me.

Who is she?

She is the one I had fallen in love with, from the days I was a young man in London. She was the one my parents used to tell me about, and described her as an unsophisticated, rural and healthy-looking damsel. 

Now, she has transformed into a sophisticated, beautiful lady!
My darling, the amount of trouble my friend and I had to undergo to find you in this unpromising night!” The other group members are fast asleep in a Colombo hotel, trying to get rid of their jet lag. Sure, they will come to see you tomorrow. The difference between them and me darling, is not only I have fallen in love with you, and I have finally found you, after all these years, and I am now in your lap! The dream I had from my childhood, having been born to Sri Lankan parents in England, from early ages, has now come true.


Dear old town Anuradhapura, once the Capital of Sri Lanka, the hub where hospitable, innocent, unsophisticated and harmless people live, and where my grandparents were born and bred, I have finally decided to get married to you, and spend the rest of my life with you, in your lap, in complete delight.

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19A and role of next President

July 19th, 2019

By Lakshman I. Keerthisinghe Courtesy Ceylon Today

Let us never forget that government is ourselves, and not an alien power over us. The ultimate rulers of our democracy are not a President, and senators, and congressmen and government officials, but the voters of this country.”


-Franklin D. Roosevelt –American statesman and former President.
President Maithripala Sirisena recently called for the abolition of both the 18th and 19th Amendments of the Constitution ‘in order to strengthen freedom, democracy and ensure good governance in the future’, he said when speaking at the 40th anniversary celebrations of the National Housing Development Authority, at the Bandaranaike Memorial International Conference Hall (BMICH) in Colombo. The present article analyses the effect of the 19th Amendment on the next presidency.


The next election for the selection of the next President is required to be held between 8 November and 8 December this year. Since, the incumbent President has recently stated that he might not be seeking re-election, Sri Lanka’s next President will assume that office as soon as the result of that election is declared by the Commissioner of Elections. Quite a number of hopeful candidates have already emerged. Any Sri Lankan citizen, who has attained the age of 35 years, who does not hold the citizenship of any other country, has not been twice elected to the office of President by the people, and is not disqualified from being elected to Parliament, is eligible to be a candidate, provided if such person is nominated by a recognised political party, or such person has been an elected member of Parliament, by any other political party or by an elector.


Some of the candidates have already begun announcing their policies and plans for the future of the country at well-attended meetings, in five-star hotels, while others have posted in social media, to achieve their objective. These policies and plans deal mostly with economic, social, national security, and other similar issues crucial to the governance of Sri Lanka. 

Even the text of a new Constitution has been suggested by one such candidate. However, it is to be noted that under the 19th Amendment, the process of replacing presidential government with parliamentary government could be realised only on the day that President Sirisena ceases to hold office.  On and after that date, it will be the policies and plans of the political party securing a majority in Parliament that will be implemented throughout the country.


Article 42 of the 19th Amendment to the Constitution states that the Cabinet of Ministers is charged with the direction and control of the Government. It is the Cabinet that is collectively responsible and answerable to Parliament. Under Article 45, only a Member of Parliament may be appointed a Minister. It was an unprecedented transitional provision in the 19th Amendment that enabled President Sirisena to initially assign to himself the Ministries of Defence, Mahaweli and Environment. 

That transitional provision ceases to operate when President Sirisena ceases to hold the office of President. The next President will not be entitled to assign to himself any Ministry or any subject or function of government; not even the subject of Defence.

Next President

The next President, under the 19th Amendment will be the Head of State, the Head of the Executive (that is, the Government), and the Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces. That is also the role played by then President William Gopallawa, under the 1972 Constitution. It may be recalled that even under the 1946 Constitution, executive power was vested in the Governor-General. The Governors General, including Sir Henry Monck-Mason Moore, Lord Soulbury and Sir Oliver Goonetilleke, were weekly informed of the Cabinet decisions by the Prime Minister. 

The only recorded instance of a Governor-General attending a Cabinet meeting is of Sir Oliver during the 1958 Emergency. The next President will continue to be the Head of the Cabinet of Ministers.” This probably means that the next President too may chair meetings of the Cabinet, as the Speaker does meetings of Parliament. Such President may offer his opinion on Cabinet Memoranda and even initiate a discussion on a subject that such President considers to be important. What such President will be unable to do is seek to implement his decision in respect of a particular subject, as President Sirisena wanted to reduce the powers of the Executive President found in the Constitution, the 19th Amendment has removed many such powers, including legal immunity enjoyed by the President.


In conclusion, the next President appointed under the 19th Amendment will be of a purely ceremonial nature. It may be better, if as President Sirisena has suggested to repeal both 18th and 19th Amendments, and to introduce a new Amendment which enables a national-minded person to be appointed as next President, with appropriate powers to be used in the advancement of the country.

About the writer:

The writer is an Attorney-at-Law with LLB, LLM, MPhil (Colombo)

Email: [email protected]

Ranjan apologizes to Maha Sangha for his controversial statement

July 19th, 2019

Courtesy Adaderana

State Minister Ranjan Ramanayake today (19) apologized to Mahanayake and Anunayake theros of Asgiri Chapter for the controversial statement he made regarding Buddhist monks.

The prelates had requested the presence of State Minister Ramanayake with regard to his statement, accordingly, the state minister visited the Asgiri Maha Viharaya in Kandy today.

Following a discussion held with Mahanayake and Anunayake theros and other monks of the Sangha Sabha, the state minister made an apology over his controversial statement.

Meanwhile, many religious leaders had deplored the state minister’s statement.

VIP Defender & 2 persons involved in attack on van at Kalagedihena arrested

July 19th, 2019

Courtesy Adaderana

The Defender vehicle, which was recently involved in the attack on a van at Kalagedihena, has been found at a residence in Maharagama area, says the Police Media Spokesperson SP Ruwan Gunasekara.

SP Gunasekara added that the Defender vehicle was taken into police custody.

The driver of the Defender and another individual have been arrested after the duo surrendered to the Colombo Crimes Division (CCD), the police media spokesperson stated further.

The Acting Inspector General of Police (IGP) Chandana Wickremaratne today (19) directed the CCD to investigate into the incident where VIP security personnel attacked a van recently at Kalagedihena.

The investigations conducted on the matter had managed to uncover the Defender vehicle involved in the incident.

A video recorded on a mobile phone had been widely circulated on social media recently depicting a group of individuals, dressed in white shirts and believed to be VIP security officers, arriving in a white Defender and Prado and attacking a van in the middle of the road at Kalagedihena on the Colombo-Kandy main road.

The driver of the van said that the two vehicles in question came from behind him at high speeds and blocked his vehicle in the middle of the road before several individuals in white shirts got out of the vehicles and attacked his van door demanding that he step out.

He also said that they were dressed in clothing similar to VIP security personnel and that there were two other individuals sitting in the backseat of the Prado.

The incident was captured on a mobile phone by one of the passengers inside the van while the footage also shows the license plates (CAG-0550/CAD-8850) of the two vehicles involved.

Ada Derana learns that the Prado (CAG-0550) is registered under the name of Dinesh Nuwan Amaratunga from Ingiriya while the Defender (CAD-8850) is registered under a certain Udam Indula Sampath Bandara Amaratunga also from Ingiriya.

Aloysius and 7 others served indictments; granted bail

July 19th, 2019

Courtesy Adaderana

The Permanent High Court-at-Bar today served indictments on 8 accused in the the Central Bank bond scam case including Perpetual Treasuries Limited (PTL) owner Arjun Aloysius.

The defendants were subsequently granted bail by the court, Ada Derana reporter said.

The case was taken up before a bench comprising Justices Sampath Abeykoon, Sampath Wijeyaratne and Champa Janaki Rajaratne in the Special High Court today (19).

Ada Derana reporter said that no attorneys were present at the hearing on behalf of the first defendant in the case, former Central Bank governor Arjuna Mahendran, and the tenth defendant, Ajahn Gardiya Punchihewa, who also failed to appear before the court.

Following the service of indictments against the 8 accused, the court ordered that they be released on a cash bail of Rs 1 million each and two personal bails of Rs 2.5 million each.

The Trial-at-Bar ordered that one of the two bail signatories should be a relative of the defendant while all 8 of the accused were barred from leaving the country and were also ordered to handover their passports to the court.

Additional Solicitor General Priyantha Nawana requested the court to issue a warrant for the arrest of the chief accused in the case, Arjuna Mahendran, who is absconding and is believed to be in Singapore.

However, after long deliberations, the court announced a decision on the request would be delivered on July 24.

The defendants in the case include Lakshman Arjuna Mahendran, former Central Bank Deputy Governor Paththinige Samarasiri, Perpetual Treasuries Limited, PTL owner Arjun Joseph Aloysius, CEO Kasun Oshadhi Palisena, chairman Geoffrey Joseph Aloysius, directors Pushyamithra Gunawardena, Chitta Ranjan Hulugalle, Muthuraja Surendran and Ajahn Gardiye Punchihewa. 

The Attorney General filed indictment against former Central Bank Governor Arjuna Mahendran and 9 others before the three-member Permanent High Court Trial-at-Bar last month.

The Special High Court had summoned the accused to appear before the court today (July 19) for service of indictment.

The Attorney General had present the indictments on 23 counts involving the charges against the suspects, under the Public Property Act and Registered Stocks and Securities Ordinance.

Earlier this month, the Attorney General had requested permission from the Chief Justice to file indictments against the 10 defendants over the Central Bank treasury bond scam, with the Permanent High Court-at-Bar.

On June 13, the AG received the approval of the Chief Justice to hear the case before the Permanent High Court-at-Bar in the Western Province.

Satisfied with the information filed by the Attorney General in the bond scam case involving the former Central Bank Governor, former Deputy Governor P. Samarasiri, Perpetual Treasuries Limited and its Directors, the Chief Justice had ordered that the Permanent High Court-at-Bar in the Western Province try the case in respect of the offences stated in the information submitted to him.

Issuing a statement, she said that having considered the information referred by the Attorney General under Section 12A(4)(a) of the Judicature Act as amended by Act No. 09 of 2018 and the Chief Justice being of the opinion that the information satisfied  criteria (i) (ii) (iii) and (v) specified in Section 12A(4)(a) has made Order under Section 12A(4)(b) of the said Judicature Act directing that Criminal Procedings in respect of the offences stated in the said information be instituted before the Permanent High Court-at-Bar in the Western Province against the suspects. 

The defendants include Lakshman Arjuna Mahendran, former Central Bank Deputy Governor Paththinige Samarasiri, Perpetual Treasuries Limited, PTL owner Arjun Joseph Aloysius, CEO Kasun Oshadhi Palisena, chairman Geoffrey Joseph Aloysius, directors Pushyamithra Gunawardena, Chitta Ranjan Hulugalle, Muthuraja Surendran and Ajahn Gardiye Punchihewa.

The indictments have been filed on charges pertaining to the Treasury Bond auction on February 27, 2015.

Seven of the charges laid against the suspects are as follows;

  • Conspiracy to commit criminal misappropriation in respect of Treasury Bonds to the face value of Rs 10.058 billion. (against all suspects)
  • Criminal breach of trust in respect of Treasury Bonds to the face value of Rs 10.058 billion (against Arjuna Mahendran and Paththinige Samarasiri, the first and second suspects) and thereby causing a loss to the government in a sum of Rs 688,762,100
  • Abetting Arjuna Mahendran to commit criminal breach of trust in respect of Treasury Bonds to the face value of Rs 10.058 billion (against Paththinige Samarasiri)
  • Criminal misappropriation in respect of Treasury Bonds to the face value of Rs 5 billion (against the Perpetual Treasuries Limited)
  • Abetting the Perpetual Treasuries Limited to commit criminal misappropriation (against all the other suspects)
  • Committing insider dealing by the Perpetual Treasuries Limited
  • Abetting the Perpetual Treasuries Limited to commit insider dealing (against all the other suspects)

How long are the Sinhala people going to tolerate this nonsense of the tyranny of minority politics and sleep before these Tamil and Muslim threats?

July 18th, 2019

Dr. Sudath Gunasekara 

Immediate action is needed to arrest this arrogant minority terrorism on this Sinhala motherland to save the country, the 2500 year old Sinhala nation and the Buddha Sasana.

The onerous of arresting this blatant minority terrorism falls squarely on the two main Sinhala political Parties, the UNP and the SLPP. No Sinhala political party or leader should dream to come to power in this country if it continues to ignores these threats and remain deaf, blind and dumb as usual fearing losing minority votes. The whole Sinhala nation is seriously watching how these major Sinhala Political parties will react to these open and arrogant minority threats. Will they keep their eyes, ears and mouths shut as usual and betray the Sinhala nation and the motherland at the expense of the complete extinction of the Sinhala nation. The fate of these two parties decisively hangs on how they react and behave at this most critical juncture in the history of Mother Lanka.

I am posing this question to all Sinhala Political Parties and all Sinhala people in the country in the light of the following two public and arrogant declarations by ITAK and SLMC. The ITAK threat is nothing new as it had been the same old demand of all Tamils from State Council days. Chelvanayagam a Singapore born Catholic Tamil started it in 1947 with the founding of ITAK.  Prabhakaran took to guns and fought for 30 years to establish his dream EELAM and died in 2009.What the ITAK is asking now is the same thing,  Prabha failed to get through the bulle, which Mahinda Rajapaksa, the modern Dutu Gamunu, decisively defeated. Now the Western countries led by USA, who failed to submit MR to their vicious plans are conspiring to rekindle this disaster with the assistance of their local spy and proxy Ranil Wickramasinha, the sworn enemy of the Sinhala Buddhist nation, who is popularly dubbed as the modern Don Juwan Dharmapala. Looking at the way how this country had been run for the past 4 ½ years by Ranil with his band of anti-Sinhala and anti –Buddhist band of Ministers like Mangala, John Samaratunga, Rajitha Senaratna, Kiriella, Malik Samarawickrama and Ravi and the way he has betrayed the country and the Sinhala people jointly with the TNA and Muslim politicians with secret deals leave no room to have any hope on this man for realizing our national goals. Both Tamil and Muslim politicians have openly said and displayed in Parliament that they always stand with Ranil against the Sinhala Buddhists leadership in this country.

The SLMC is conspiring and planning to get their demands fulfilled through a dual approaches namely a) by presenting their own man to contest the forthcoming Presidential election   to polarize Muslim votes and show the world their fake political strength while at the same time shrewdly scheming to get their communal dreams fulfilled by asking the Muslims to cast their second preference to the candidate who wins the elections so that they can highjack him after the elections to get their exact pound of flesh. Whichever the way you look at it the objectives of both communities are identical. That is both minorities want to preserve and consolidate their communal and racial identities until the day comes for them to throw the Sinhala Buddhist nation  in to the Indian  Ocean and form their own Kingdoms, the Tamil EELAM and the Muslim Khalisthan, on this land of the Sinhala people. None of them are prepared to accept this as the land of a Sinhala Buddhist imprint that was founded and developed by their ancestors from the dawn of history.

The sad tragedy of a nation doomed

I put the whole blame for this tragedy of a nation squarely and directly on all unpatriotic, self- seeking and visionless Sinhala politicians who misgoverned this country from 1948 after the British left. It is a classic tragedy in world history that those who took over the country from the British in 1948 never had a national vision or a plan to take this country forward as a free, independent, sovereign, vibrant and prosperous nation. They never bothered, and never had the brain, to draw from the lessons of India or Burma who got Independence in 1947, both of whom rejected the colonial recipe and asserted as Independent and sovereign nations. Our leaders blindly accepted a made in England Constitution that was designed by Jennings to perpetuate the colonial rule and continue exploitation under a Westminster system of Government forever The whole system of government was British, except the people who manned it at home and who carried out its day to day operations as her Majesties obedient servants; a set of black–whites. In fact what happened thereafter up to 1972 until the country was declared an independent Republic, our politician only ran the show for the queen of England as her obedient and servile slaves?

They should have demanded at least to restore basic things like the name of the country handed over in 1815 (Sinhale instead of its Anglicized form of Ceylon). To repatriate the over 1 million Indians who were not there when British took over the country, deceptively in 1815, to allow them to form their own system of government based on native system of governance and restoring their native language and religion. If these things were done right at that time only, freedom over the motherland would have been made meaningful. Most of the communal problems we are faced with today also would never have been there.

What did they do instead? They embraced the British model hook, barrel and sinker, as if we were a barbarian set of people who never had a history or a civilization and civilized only by the British for the first time.

Above all this they embraced the political party system and the name UNP proposed by  Governor Henry Monk Mason Moor in 1947 by which they conceded that there are more than one nation in this country where as in 1815 we had only one nation in this Island, that was Sinhala. This crafty decision of Moor laid the foundation for communal and divisive politics that has ruined the country thereafter. The split in the UNP in 1951 with Bandaranayaka forming the SLFP divided the Sinhala nation in to two opposing political camps. Today they behave just like Jews and Muslims. This division of the Sinhala nation had been the bane and the curse of the nation ever since as it had provided room for minorities to be the critical factor in forming all governments. This has completely eroded the power of the Sinhala majority that forms 75% of the total population of the country even today.  As a result this country has become the only country in the world that is ruled by minority communities at the peril of it native majority.  

It is in this background that I call upon all Sinhala people to give up and discard all political and religious differences (Buddhist and Catholics) and form in to one strong group under the Lion Banner as Sihalese, to save this glorious Island nation of the Sinhala nation and its millennia old civilization from the imminent dangers arising from the serious threats by the Tamils and Muslims as given below. If you don’t do it right now, I can vouch that it will definitely put the curtain down the Sinhala nation,that once marveled the world as one of the greatest civilization on this planet.

As the first step towards this historic turning point in the history of this Island nation, I propose the following cause of action. Immediately forming

  1. First a Clergy Front comprising,

All Mahasangha of this country led by the four Mahanayaka Theras of the three Nikayas and other peripheral sects as one group under the Buddha’s sacred yellow robe and the sacred Buddhist flag, giving up their Nikaya differences and political affiliations. Thereafter form in to an alliance with the Catholic and Christian priests led by Cardinal Malcom Ranjith. This will lay the foundation for the all Sinahla power nucleus around which the great future Sinhala nation will be built

  • Laymen Front

 As the second step all Sinhala people should immediately discard all their blind and naïve political party affiliations and form one Strong national front to save the nation and the country. The English political parties have only helped politicians to prosper over the past 7 decades while pushing the country down the Gadarine slope to poverty, destitution and destruction without any hope for a tomorrow for posterity. I suggest the laymen should organize around the Temples and Churches under the guidance of Mahasanga and Reverend Priests

  • Thereafter together these two groups should select a strong Patriotic leader  supported by patriotic janataahitawadii set of educated and honest men and women of high moral character who are prepared to serve the country and the people by swearing in front of the Sacred Tooth Relicts  at the  Sri Dalda Maligawa as the tradition stands in this country to implement the national programme prepared by  a group of national experts under the guidance and advice of a Supreme Advisory Council of clergy and selected lay experts
  •  There after they should also renounce all political and religious differences, discard and totally reject the unpatriotic, anti- Sinhala and anti- Buddhist UNP under Ranil  and his Royal band of thieves and traitors at least until a pro-Sinhala patriotic leadership take over its leadership one day and canvas for one Strong, Patriotic Sinhala Buddhist leader and get him elected as the President.

This in my opinion is the only way to defeat the Tamil and Muslim minority tyranny and terrorism for good and save this great nation and its Sinhala Buddhist culture. It is also the only way to bring back true democracy under which the native majority will get back its legitimate place in this country restored. This however does not mean any discrimination to Tamils and Muslims as minority communities as traditionally it had never been in this country throughout history.  United as Sinhalese we stand, divided we fall and doomed to extinction as the lesson of history has proved over and over again.

A warning to all politicians who intend to capture political power in future

Those politicians who intend to run for power in the forthcoming elections must now respond immediately to the following two statements by the TNA and Muslim politicians in order to qualify to be elected in future. They must publicly denounce these minority attempts without any reservations and agree to abide by the National election manifesto prepared by nation and openly swear and agree to include the following 15 conditions in their manifesto in order to be considered by the people at any forthcoming election.

Among other things we expect them to declare that they stand by the following 15  Commandments and fully committed  to fulfill them if they need our votes.

1Protect the Territorial integrity, Sovereignty, freedom and Independence of this Island nation from all foreign invasions and interferences as it had been done by our ancient Kings.

2 One country, Sinhale and one Official State language as it had been in 1815 at the time of ceding to British and also from the inception of history

3 One Nation Sinhala / Sri Lanka (No Tamil and Muslim nations on this soil after that)

4 One Law for all the citizens and one judicial system (no Muslim Law and tribal Carthy courts and no Thesavalamei)

5 Island wide Law and Order will be restored and everyone will be treated equal before law, by restoring the Rule of Law

6 Lean Parliament and small Cabinet (150 and MPP and 15 Cabinet Minister)

7 People centered Independent and impartial Public Service and Judiciary (with a lean public service where meritocracy, independence and service to people should be the hallmark of public Service.

8 Ban all communal, religious and political parties like TNA,SLMS etc and have only national political parties.

9 Scrap 13 A and Rajiv/JR Accord 1987 immediately and declare all laws, administrative decisions and institutions set up under them like Provincial Councils, grant of Citizenship to Indian estate labour outside the Nehru/Kotalawala Agreement, recognition of the Northern and Eastern Provinces as traditional homelands of Tamils and recognition of Tamil as an Official Language as null and void.

10 Set up an Uttariitara Advisory Council of clergy and top citizens of 25 to advice the Government

11 A national Planning Council to be in charge of overall National Planning whose approval will be made mandatory for all projects in the country both local and foreign.

12A New Constitution within six months based on Home based traditions, true history of the Island and customs to govern the country according to the time tested Buddhist principles of Statecraft Dasaraaja Dharma.

13 Laydown minimum qualifications for politicians and a strict code of Conduct for politicians and   Public Servants.

14 An executive President elected by all people for six years

15 Limit the number of Ministries to 15 and set up fifteen Executive Committees with 15 chairmen to handle governance in the country from among whom, one Chairman will be elected by them as the Chairman of the Cabinet of Ministries, who will be the Prime Minister appointed by the President.

( Details of these 10 will be made available  before the policy statement is presented)

The two provocative Statements referred to in this article are given below.

(1) Illankai Tamil Arasu K adchi to present series of proposals to govt.

July 1, 2019   11:55 am

Illankai Tamil Arasu Kadchi (ITAK) has decided to present a series of proposals with 11 demands including

.The decision was taken at the general meeting of the party held under the patronage of party leader Mavai Senathirajah in Jaffna yesterday (30).

1 a political solution through a self-governing system to

2combine the Northern and Eastern provinces

3 to provide solutions for the issue of the disappeared persons in the north and the east

4 to remove security forces from the land plots belonging to the civilians in the north, ensuring the people’s land rights as well as

5 to halt the establishment of Buddhist religious shrines in the areas where Hindu people reside.

The ITAK seeks the government to provide solutions to these issues within 3 months.

They have also decided to support any political party, who would support these demands, in the upcoming elections

(2) Sri Lanka Muslims to field first separate Muslim candidate in coming Presidential Sri Lanka Muslims to field first separate Muslim candidate in coming Presidential elections

Fri, 2019-07-12 14:00 — editor

Colombo, 12 July, (Asiantribune.com):

For the first time in Sri Lankan Presidential elections history, a Muslim candidate who will not represent any mainstream political party but will only represent the Muslims of the country, is set to come forward as a candidate.

Well informed Muslim political sources said that all Muslim political parties will back a separate Muslim Presidential candidate who would likely be nominated by the Sri Lanka Muslim Congress (SLMC) on behalf of all Muslim parties.

The Muslim parties are likely to form a loose coalition at Presidential elections so that the Muslim voter-base would not split and would rally around only one nominated Muslim candidate, the sources added.

According to these sources, it was this consensus that also led to the sudden mass resignation of Muslim Ministers on June 3, who said they were all stepping down in protest against the targeting of a single Muslim politician, leader of ACMC (and former Minister) Rishad Bathiudeen.

“Even Muslim Ministers of UNP who were voted-in by the Sinhalese voters resigned unexpectedly on June 3 with Muslim Ministers who were voted in by Muslim votes. The undisclosed political development of a forthcoming separate Muslim candidate was the reason for their resignation, which was not known to the public at that time. Everyone was led to believe that all Muslim Ministers were standing in unity with Minister Bathiudeen when they resigned” sources added.

When it was asked that “Since a Muslim candidate separately contesting will not be able to secure sufficient votes to become the President of the country, what is the purpose of nominating such a separate Muslim candidate?”

The reliable source within SLMC said “It is well known that such a separate Muslim candidate cannot win the Presidential election alone. We clearly understand this. The expectation of the Muslim candidate is that he/she will show that he/she has the majority Muslim votes of the country, and he/she, representing the Muslims in the country, will start to bargain with the mainstream candidate who is most likely to be the winner in the Presidential election. He/she will therefore be able to do this negotiation for Lankan Muslims in a bigger capacity than a standard Muslim Cabinet Minister or a usual Muslim party leader.”

Sources further told that,

1Once the mainstream candidate who is likely to be the winner agrees to the demands of our Muslim Presidential candidate, then our Muslim candidate would either withdraw from his candidacy and

2 pledge his and his Muslim voters’ support to this mainstream candidate or, call all Muslim voters to mark “the mainstream candidate who is likely to be the winner” as their “second preference” in their ballot papers.”

– Asian Tribune -elections Asian Tribune 12.7.2019

MILLENNIUM CHALLENGES, ECONOMIC ISSUES AND INTERNATIONAL POLITICS IN SR LANKA PART 1

July 18th, 2019

BY EDWARD THEOPHILUS

Recent political analysis of Mr. C.A Chandraprema in Sunday Island on 14.07.2019 allowed understanding the truth about the achievement of millennium goals in Sri Lanka as it has been quite closed information that most of the population in the country including politicians have no idea about this test performance.  I associated with university students in Pacific countries to discuss UN millennium goals after the year 2000, however, I didn’t know that Sri Lanka also was a country covered by UN Millennium goals as the official statistics published by the Central Bank of Sri Lanka showed that it should not include achieving millennium goals as the economic status of the country was in above level than the targeted level of the united nation.  I critically discussed economic issues and related social cultural and education issues with students and understood that skills development was a key factor in achieving millennium goals in developing countries of the Pacific region.  I believed that Sri Lanka was a country with reasonably economic achievements and a country where was not expecting economic supports from developed nations to get out of poverty. The analysis of Mr. Chandraprema changed my assumption and encouraged to rethink about the original discussion as UN focus on the Millennium Goals and the views of Millennium Corporation seem to be contradicting or different from the original UN goals.  The UN discussions on the millennium goals strongly focused on debt reduction in third world countries and did Millennium Challenge Corporation support to debt reduction or to write off Sri Lanka’s debt to International Financial Organizations is not clear.

Inflation in Sri Lanka

Theoretically, inflation is defined and explained as cost-push or demand-pull, and in early 1950s Prof Milton Freedman added monetarists view on inflation that the increase in money supply (M1+M2) would impact on the increase in inflation. The traditional instruments of the monetary regulator and the authority, the Central Bank of Sri Lanka is to use interest rate as a controlling measure of inflation  with other controls such as open market operations and reserve ratio, however, they are not effective in Sri Lanka as they are working well in developed countries where have a higher level of access to formal financial markets. Sri Lanka is not such a developed financial market with information and information management. Other credit control measures such as selective controls used in Sri Lanka, but deregulation of financial markets had to put them away. Since the late 1980s printing money for fiscal purposes badly affected on inflation because treasury bonds issued to find funds for budget purposes were invested by the Central Bank of Sri Lanka printing money.  I don’t really know whether Sri Lanka had passed the test for inflation, but ordinary people especially rural poor states that they are facing economic predicaments because prices of goods and services are increasing day by day.  It is seen that the government has failed to control inflation and the general price level going up and up every day.

Inflation is a highly argumentative economic issue in developed countries as well as in developing countries. When we were learning macroeconomics in universities, it said that one person’s spending today would be a revenue of another in tomorrow and spending would be supported to increase in aggregate demand and Inflation is good for a certain extent.  Theoretically, it may be true or false, but need to ask poor people as they are practically suffered day by day and engage in never-ending hard work to cope with inflation. In this situation, it is quite difficult to believe that the Millennium Challenge Corporation’s view that Sri Lanka has passed the test for inflation.

In developed countries also produce prices have gone up and the prices of many electronic items have gone down when consider the average situation economists conclude that inflation is lower and successful in the management of the economy.  About to Sri Lanka also it is a truth that from the point of views of economists’ Sri Lanka may have passed the test of inflation, however, practically ordinary people cannot enjoy the pass of the test they cannot see any benefit.

When talking about inflation it needs keep in mind that declining the exchange value of the monetary unit in Sri Lanka has been contributed to increase in price level of Sri Lanka. The government has failed to control the declining Rupee value.  It is an internationally concerned issue and Sri Lanka has no economic power to control it.

Regulatory Quality

Deregulation was the popular idea since late 1980s and the idea has been accepted by Sri Lanka since the beginning of market economic system in 1978, however, it is questionable whether Sri Lanka has been maintaining a purely deregulated economy or an economic environment with regulatory quality.  The assessment of the quality of regulation management is a difficult task and the way of regulation management is also not acceptable to everybody.  Sri Lanka has appointed authorities for regulation management in various market areas such as health, education, finance, agriculture, technology and many others. The current problem is whether the regulatory authorities discharge the functions prudently and independently without political influences.

There is clear weakness in many areas and it seems that regulators have become market operators in Sri Lanka.  For example, Central Bank of Sri Lanka is the regulatory authority of the financial markets, but it is performing market operations about to superannuation and rural credit management.  I informed the president of Sri Lanka this late 1990s, the president acknowledged my points, so far nothing has been done.  The Central Bank allowed to market economic system and operations without quality regulations in various markets and it was the major reason for people to make negative criticism on the market economic system, which created many problems in the economic system of the country as well as benefits to poor people finding a right price for their produce. 

The main purpose of the regulator is to protect consumers in the trade or market operations.  I have a reasonable question, has regulatory authorities in various trade areas in Sri Lanka are successful in protecting consumers?  When I talk with ordinary people in the country the answer of them was that regulatory authorities have been unable to protect consumers and market operators have taken the power to their hand and consumers became slavers of market operators.  In this situation how can say Sri Lanka has a regulatory quality in market operations

This is a macro style issue and the response of public is that regulatory quality is not up to the expected level.

Trade Policy

Trade policy concerns with domestic trade policy and international trade policy.  Sri Lanka has no power to successfully make policies for international trade consistent to trends but it can make or adapt to trade trends developing responsive trade policies.  When developing trade policies Sri Lanka has not totalitarian style power like America or China has and it should act within the authoritative framework.  Many people and politicians in the country have no idea about this and they think that the country can change trade policy overnight. Domestic trade policies are also not open and the country needs a concrete domestic trade policy which means that what should do.  I haven’t seen a trade policy manuals and procedures manuals to pass a test for trade policy in Sri Lanka. What should be the trade policy for the country should be determined by practical outcomes and for this purpose, it needs continuous research on trade policy matters.

Business Start-Up

This is also a quite complicated area as an investor has many loop holes to go through to investment decision and corruptions are main constraints to business start-up. From the side of Sri Lanka allowing for investments should be made after careful consideration of investment projects, especially after 9/11 and the Easter Sunday attacks Sri Lanka must consider allowing for investment either domestic or foreign investments should be after intelligence analysis and sometimes, consultation with several countries.  Investments in modern era concern with many issues not just the returns   Honestly speaking I have no personal experience in business start-up, but I heard various complaints from potential investors. A significant constraint is investors or business people must go from one place to other compile to regulation and they must face with crooks.

It is indicated that Sri Lanka has failed the test on fiscal policy, land right and access to credit. These are highly complicated issues as they are involved in politics. The confabulation on three items is vital for policy makers in the country and they are broader area cannot discuss in a short paper. There may be thousands of papers written on these matters including thesis of university students.

MILLENNIUM CHALLENGES, ECONOMIC ISSUES AND INTERNATIONAL POLITICS IN SR LANKA PART 2

July 18th, 2019

BY EDWARD THEOPHILUS

Fiscal Policy

Fiscal policy became a vital issue after the conditions created Korean War in early 1950s and Sri Lanka was unable to design and develop a good fiscal policy to the country.  It seemed that the economic authority treated fiscal policy and monetary as alternatives despites in our university classrooms education in which we were educated that fiscal and monetary policies are not alternatives but complimentary to fix weakness in one by others.  Fiscal policy has been continued without a proper solution and all governments ruled in the country used borrowing as the way to cover budget deficit and it was inflationary and pushing the country to a debt trap. After 1995, many countries used different techniques to solve fiscal problems but Sri Lanka hasn’t opened a creative debate on this matter and stuck in a mud puddle.  Still Sri Lanka has good solutions to fiscal issues, however, politics in the country doesn’t allow to use right policies.  During the last several years of the Rajapaksa regime, there was a systematic strategy to gradually solve the problem and the yahapalanaya disturbed the strategies and fiscal policy entirely forced to house of yahapalana rouge and complicated the fiscal policy. 

Land Rights

This is highly complicated issue involved in legal, politics, ethnic and religious issues.  Land right is essential for business investments and how to decide the allowing land right for various business purposes and how to decide the value of lands for business purposes.  Sri Lanka has intense competition to gain land rights for business purposes and there are legal barriers for foreigners gain and access and local people to sell lands to foreigners for business purposes. The government has submitted the State Land (Special Provisions) Bill to the Parliament on 28.06.2019 and Mr Neville Ladduwahetty expressed legal opinion on that bill that it affects the sovereignty of people and with approval by people at a referendum it cannot be passed (Island: 17.07.2019).

The issue in relation to land rights need to be discussed in an open forum like making new constitution at least 2 to 3 years with the participation of all sort of people in the country and it should not be a decision like Don Juwan Dharmapala style decision in the past.

Access to Credit

Access to credit also a complicated issue and many people in the country has no clear idea about it without practically association with problems. As I had been involved in credit management and credit policy making in a government bank and doing practical research on this area, I understand practical, theoretical, policy issues as well as corruption issues about access to credits in Sri Lanka.  There are fundamental issues such as capital shortage of bank and financial system of the country and to solve this problem, politics in the country has become an impediment and this issue needs to be openly talked by relevant people and politicians. There are effective solutions to the problem but bureaucrats involved in credit management have no idea how to solve the problem.

Credit administration also a complicated problem in the country as it is involved in gigantic corruption of credit administrations of banks and non-bank financial intermediaries and politician’s involvement with it. I have seen that credit administration blames to politicians in many occasions they made decision because politicians influenced to them but it not truth. Credit administration made decision as a part of corrupt practices and they attempt blame politicians when the credit decision goes bad.  In this situation, credit administration must be able to educate credit policy and procedures to politicians and prevent bad credit decisions.

The other important thing is that Sri Lanka must allow good market player with strong capital base to play with strong controls.  Most probably Chinese banks can play a better role to increase access to credits.

International Politics in Sri Lanka

Sri Lanka has been involved in international politics since 1990s and it appears that the country has difficulties to manage international politics with one voice of political parties.  In Western countries and many other Asian, African and Latin American countries have one voice on international relations but in Sri Lanka, policy on international relations is not clear and especially political parties have no clear ideas on what to do in this arena.

Why do we go along with a policy view of an international bloc need clearly understand considering the possible benefits to the country?  Many politicians have no knowledge, experience and skills to assess.  In this situation, many politicians can be brought by international powers with a small sum of money or benefits.  Recently I watched a TV program in Sri Lanka, which was a talk show with a lawyer.  I had difficulty to judge whether the layer is knowledgeable, skilful or experience person as he was talking bullshit to mislead people of Sri Lanka without knowing international politics.

I had a feeling that the person was a bait of international politics to mislead Sri Lankans. However, he was highly unsuccessful as he could not present the idea people to believe or accept.

International politics change quickly and friends become enemies and enemies become friends.  This is the dynamism and if this dynamism understands by political parties and come to uniform policies it can easily handle international politics.

වසර 115කට පසුව මහව ඕමන්තේ දුම්රිය මාර්ගය සම්පූර්ණයෙන්ම අලුත් කෙරේ…

July 18th, 2019

ප්‍රවාහන හා සිවිල් ගුවන්සේවා අමාත්‍යාංශය.

වසර 115කට වඩා පැරණි මහව – ඕමන්තේ දුම්රිය මාර්ගය සම්පූර්ණයෙන්ම අලුත් කිරීම හෙවත් දැනට භාවිත වන පැරණි දුම්රිය මාර්ගය ඉවත් කර ඒ වෙනුවට නව දුම්රිය මාර්ගය සෑදීමේ  ව්‍යාපෘතිය අද නිල වශයෙන් ආරම්භ විය. ඒ එම ව්‍යාපෘතියේ ඉදිකිරීම් ගිවිසුම ප්‍ර‍වාහන සහ සිවිල් ගුවන්සේවා අමාත්‍ය අර්ජුන රණතුංග මහතාගේ ප්‍ර‍ධානත්වයෙන් අත්සන් කිරීමෙනි. ගිවිසුම් අත්සන් කිරීමේ නිල උත්වය අද (18) කොළඹදී පැවැත්විණ. ගිවිසුම අත්සන් කළේ ප්‍රවාහන සහ සිවිල් ගුවන්සේවා අමාත්‍යාංශය සහ ඉදිකිරීම් කොන්ත්‍රාත්තුව හිමි IRCON Intonational Limited  සමාගම අතර වේ.

උතුරු දුම්රිය මාර්ගයේ මහව – ඕමන්තේ දුම්රිය මාර්ගයට අයත් සම්පූර්ණ දිග කිලෝමීටර් 133කි. එහි මහව සිට අනුරාධපුර දක්වා කොටස ඉදිකරන ලද්දේ 1904 වර්ෂයේ වෙයි. අනුරාධපුරයේ සිට ඕමන්ත දක්වා කොටස 1905 වර්ෂයේදී ඉදි කෙරිණ. එතැන් සිට මේ දක්වා මෙම දුම්රිය මාර්ගයේ කිසිදු මහාපරිමාණ සංවර්ධනයක් සිදු නොවිණ. සිදු කෙරුණේ අතවශ්‍ය අලුත්වැඩියා පමණි. මේ හේතුවෙන් මහව ඕමන්ත දක්වා කොටසේදී දුම්රිය ධාවනය වන්නේ අතැම් විට පැයට කිලෝමීටර් 40කටත් වඩා අඩු වේගයෙන් වේ. එනිසාම එම කොටසෙහි දුම්රිය ධාවනයට පැය තුනක් පමණ ගත වෙයි. මෙම තත්ත්වය සැලකිල්ලට ගනිමින් මහව – ඕමන්ත දුම්රිය මාර්ගය සම්පූර්ණයෙන්ම සකස් කිරීම මෙම ව්‍යාපෘතිය යටතේ සිදු කෙරේ.

මහව – ඕමන්තේ දුම්රිය මාර්ගය අලුතින් සකස් කිරීමට වැය කෙරෙන මුදල ඩොලර් මිලියන 91.2කි. ඉන්දීය ණය ආධාර ක්‍ර‍මය යටතේ එම ප්‍ර‍තිපාදන සැපයේ. ව්‍යාපෘතියෙන් දුම්රිය මාර්ගයට අමතරව හරස් දුම්රිය ස්ථාන 12ක් සහ දුම්රිය නැවතුම් පොළවල් 7ක් සහ කාණු පද්ධතියද සංවර්ධනය කෙරේ. නව සංඥා පද්ධතියක්ද ස්ථාපිත කෙරේ. මැදවච්චිය සහ වව්නියාව අතර මහනුවර යාපනය -මාර්ගය ආසන්නව නව දුම්රිය ස්ථානයක්ද ස්ථාපිත කෙරෙනු ඇත. නව දුම්රිය මාර්ගයේ වේගය පැයට කිලෝමීටර් 120ක් වීමද විශේෂත්වයකි.

වසර තුනකින් නිම කිරීමට අපේක්ෂිත මෙම ව්‍යාපෘතිය දියත් වන්නේ අදියර දෙකකට වේ. එහි පළමු අදියරේදී මහව සිට අනුරාධපුරය දක්වා කොටස සකස් කරයි. දෙවැනි අදියරේදී සකස් කරන්නේ අනුරාධපුරයේ සිට  ඕමන්තේ දක්වා වෙයි. එම ඉදිකිරීම් ක්‍රියාත්මක අවස්ථාවලදී මහව – අනුරාධ දක්වා කොටස මාස 6කටද අනුරාධපුර ඕමන්තේ දක්වා කොටස මාස 5කටද වසා තබයි. එම අවස්ථාවවලදී දුම්රිය ධාවනය අඛණ්ඩව පවත්වාගෙන යාමට වසා දැමෙන කොටස ආවරණය වන පරිදි බස් රථ යෙදවේ. ගිවිසුම් අත්සන් කිරීමේ උත්සවයට එක් වෙමින් ප්‍ර‍වාහන සහ සිවිල් ගුවන්සේවා අමාත්‍ය අර්ජුන රණතුංග මහතා පැවසුවේ පසුගිය මාස කිහිපයේදී ප්‍ර‍වාහන ක්ෂේත්‍රයේ දැවැන්ත සංවර්ධනයක් ඇති කිරීමට වත්මන් ආණ්ඩුවට හැකි වූ බවයි. මුළු දිවයිනම ආවරණය පරිදි එම සංවර්ධන ව්‍යාපෘති දියත් කෙරෙන බවත් ඒ යටතේ ඉදිරියේදී බෙලිඅත්ත කතරගම දුම්රිය මාර්ගය ඉදි කිරීමේ ටෙන්ඩරය කැදවන බවද අමාත්‍ය අර්ජුන රණතුංග මහතා පැවසීය. පලාලි ගුවන්තොටුපොළද සිවිල් කටයුතු සදහා නුදුරේම භාවිත කළ හැකි වනු ඇතැයිද අමාත්‍ය අර්ජුන රණතුංග මහතා විශ්වාසය පළ කළේය. එම ගිවිසුම් අත්සන් කිරීම සදහා ප්‍ර‍වාහන සහ සිවිල් ගුවන්සේවා අමාත්‍යාංශයේ ලේකම් එල්. පී. ජයම්පති මහතා සහ IRCON Intonational Limited  සමාගමේ සභාපති එස්. කේ. චව්ද්‍රි (S.K. Chaudhary) යන මහත්වරුන් සහභාගි විය. සම්භාවනීය අමුත්න් ලෙසට ශ්‍රී ලංකාවේ ඉන්දීය මහකොමසාරිස් කාර්යාලයේ ආර්ථික සහ වානිජ්‍ය අංශයේ ප්‍ර‍ධානී සුජා කේ මෙනන් මහත්මියද සහ දුම්රිය සාමාන්‍යධිකාරී ඩිලන්ත ප්‍ර‍නාන්දු යන මහත්ම මහත්මීන් එක් වූහ.

ම.ප. තමීර මංජු,

ගරු අමාත්‍ය අර්ජුන රණතුංග මැතිතුමාගේ මාධ්‍ය ලේකම්,

ප්‍රවාහන හා සිවිල් ගුවන්සේවා අමාත්‍යාංශය.

පටු දේශපාලන වාසි වෙනුවෙන් අධ්‍යාපන ඇමති ජනතා මුදලින් ජනතාව නොමග යැවීම සම්බන්ධවයි.

July 18th, 2019

ලංකා ගුරුසේවා සංගමය

ගරු ජනාධිපති,
මෛත‍්‍රීපාල සිරිසේන මැතිතුමා,
ජනාධිපති කාර්යාලය,
කොළඹ 01.

ගරු ජනාධිපතිතුමනි,

පටු දේශපාලන වාසි වෙනුවෙන් අධ්‍යාපන ඇමති ජනතා මුදලින් ජනතාව නොමග යැවීම සම්බන්ධවයි.

අධ්‍යාපන ඇමති අකිල විරාජ් කාරියවසම් මහතාගේ උපදෙස් පරිදි අධ්‍යාපන අමාත්‍යාංශය විසින් ‘‘සක‍්‍රීය අධ්‍යාපන පද්ධතියක් වෙනුවෙන් ගුරු විදුහල්පති සේවාව ශක්තිමත් කළ වගයි.’’ යනුවෙන් ජාතික පුවත්පත්වල සම්පූර්ණ පිටුවක් පුරා ජනතා මුදල් වැයකරමින් පලකර ඇති ගුරු හා විදුහල්පති සේවාවල වැටුප් සංශෝධන දැනුවත්වම ජනතාව නොමග යැවීමක් බැවින් ඊට දැඩි විරෝධය පලකරන ලංකා ගුරුසේවා සංගමය මෙම මුදල් අවභාවිතාව සම්බන්ධව විධිමත් පරීක්‍ෂණයක් පවත්වන ලෙස ඉතා ඕනෑකමින් යුතුව ඉල්ලා සිටිමු.

  1. 2016 වර්ෂයේදී සමස්ත රාජ්‍ය සේවයේම වැටුපට එල්ලා තිබූ සියලූ දීමනා අදියර 5 කදී මූලික වැටුපට එකතු කිරීම සඳහා නිකුත් කළ 3/2016 රාජ්‍ය පරිපාලන වැටුප් චක‍්‍රලේඛය මගින් සිදුකළ වැටුප් සංශෝධන අධ්‍යාපන අමාත්‍යාංශය ගුරු හා විදුහල්පති සේවාවන්වලට පමණක් සිදු කළ එකක් බවට හුවා දක්වමින් ජනතා මුදල් ලක්‍ෂ ගණන් වැයකර මෙම පුවත්පත් දැන්වීම් පලකිරීමට කටයුතු කර ඇත.
  2. ඒ අනුව උක්ත චක‍්‍රලේඛයේ සඳහන් වැටුප් සංශෝධන හැර 2015 වර්ෂයෙන් පසු ගුරු හා විදුහල්පති සේවාවන්ට වසර 22 ක් පවතින බරපතල වැටුප් විෂමතාවය විසඳීම සඳහා ගත් කිසිදු කි‍්‍රයාමාර්ගයක් මෙම නිවේදනයෙහි සඳහන්ව නොමැති බව ඉතා වගකීමෙන් යුතුව ප‍්‍රකාශ කරමු.
  3. ඒ අනුව උක්ත චක‍්‍රලේඛය නිකුත් කිරීමෙන් පසුව මෙම පුවත්පත් නිවේදනයේ සඳහන් පරිදි ගුරු හා විදුහල්පති සේවාවන්ගේ මූලික වැටුප් වැඩිවීමෙන් අනතුරුවද පහත පරිදි වැටුප් විෂමතාවයක් නිර්මාණය වී ඇති බව පෙන්වා දීමට කැමැත්තෙමු.
    ගුරු සේවය විදුහල්පති සේවය
    1 වන පන්තියට රු. 31225/- ක් 1 වන පන්තියට රු. 29850/-
    2-1 වන ශ්‍රේණියට රු. 23420/- 2 වන පන්තියට රු. 24850/-
    2-2 වන ශ්‍රේණියට රු. 14315/- 3 වන පන්තියට රු. 22518/-
    3-1 අ. රු. 10304/-
    ආ. රු. 9696/-
    ඇ. රු. 9452/-
  4. එමෙන්ම නව සේවා ව්‍යවස්ථාව ක‍්‍රියාත්මක කිරීමේදී 2008. 07. 01 දින සිට 2010. 12. 31 දින දක්වා උසස්වීම්වලට අදාලව ගුරුවරුන් විසින් උපයාගත් මාස 30 ක හි`ග වැටුප් කිසිදු වග විභාගයකින් තොරව කපා හැර දැමීමට ද අධ්‍යාපන අමාත්‍යාංශය කටයුතු කර ඇත.
  5. එමෙන්ම 2016. 01. 01 දින සිට රාජ්‍ය සේවයේ පත්වීම් ලැබූ බහුතරයක් ගුරුවරුන් ඇතුලූ රාජ්‍ය සේවකයාගේ විශ‍්‍රාම වැටුප් මුලූමනින්ම අහෝසි කර දැමීමටද කටයුතු කළ ආණ්ඩුවක අධ්‍යාපන අමාත්‍යවරයා තවදුරටත් ජනතා මුදල් නාස්ති කරමින් ජනතාව නොමග යවන පුවත්පත් දැන්වීම් පලකිරීම සම්බන්ධව දැඩි පිළිකුලෙන් යුතුව හෙළාදකින ලංකා ගුරුසේවා සංගමය ජනාධිපතිවරයා ලෙස මේ සම්බන්ධව ඔබට ඇති වගකීමද අවධාරණය කරනු කැමැත්තෙමු.

විධායක සභාව වෙනුවෙන්,

මහින්ද ජයසිංහ,
ප‍්‍රධාන ලේකම්,
ලංකා ගුරුසේවා සංගමය

සම්බන්ධීකරණය – 0718297022/

පිටපත්

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July 18th, 2019

අරුන උණවටුන

ශ්‍රේෂ්ඨාධිකරණ සහ අභියාචනාධිකරණ නඩු තීන්දු ලබා දිය යුතු භාෂාව සිංහල භාෂාව විය යුතුද? මැයෙන් ජනමතවිචාරණයක් පවත්වන ලෙස ඉල්ලා ගරු ජනාධිපතිතුමා වෙත ඉදිරිපත් කිරීම සදහා පුරවැසියන් ලක්ෂයකගේ අත්සන් එකතු කිරීමේ සමාරම්භක නිල උත්සවය 2019 ජූලි මස 18 වන දින සවස කොළඹ 07 මහජන පුස්තකාලයේ ප්‍රවේශාගාරයේ දී නීතිඥවරු ඇතුලු විද්වත් පිරිසගේ සහභාගීත්වයෙන් පවත්වන ලදී. එම අවස්ථාවට වැඩම කළ කැළණිය විශ්ව විද්‍යාලයේ සංස්කෘතික අධ්‍යයන අංශයේ මහාචාර්ය පූජ්‍ය ඉදුරගාරේ ධම්මරතන හිමියන් සිය අත්සන ලබා දෙන අවස්ථාව සහ සිංහල භාෂාවෙන් ශ්‍රේෂ්ඨාධිකරණයේ සහ අභියාචනාධිකරණයේ නඩු තීන්දු ලබා ගැනීම රටේ බලය පිළිබද ප්‍රශ්නය තීරණය කිරීමක් බවට දේශනය පවත්වන අවස්ථාවත්, අත්සන් ලක්ෂය සදහා පුරවැසියන් සිය සහාය ලබා දෙන අකාරයත් භාෂා පරමාධිපත්‍යය පිළිබද ආණ්ඩුක්‍රම ව්‍යවස්ථාවේ යෙදීම් පිළිබද දේශනය නීතිඥ අරුණ ලක්සිරි උණවටුන සහ බුද්ධ ශාසනය සහ රටේ අනන්‍යතාවය පිළිබදව නීතිඥ ක්‍රිසන්ත නිස්සංක දේශන පවත්වන ආකරයත් මෙහි දැක්වේ…

SOFA ,ACSA හා MCC ගිවිසුම් සරල සිංහල බසින්

July 18th, 2019

පියන්ත රොහාන් මොරපිටිය.

( Status of Forces, Acquisition and Cross Service Agreements, and Millennium Challenge Corporation Compact )

SOFA ,ACSA හා MCC ගිවිසුම් සරල සිංහල බසින්=======================================( Status of Forces, Acquisition and Cross Service Agreements, and Millennium Challenge Corporation Compact )

Posted by Priyantha Rohan Morapitiya on Fimmtudagur, 11. júlí 2019

Lankan wedding exhibitions give brides and grooms the very best

July 18th, 2019

by Tang Lu Courtesy NewsIn.Asia

COLOMBO, July 17 (Xinhua) — Sri Lankan bride-to-be Aniya Perera was keenly enquiring about the glitzy exhibits at the Wedding Show-2019” held at the Bandaranaike Memorial International Conference Hall (BMICH) in Colombo last weekend.

Lankan wedding exhibitions give brides and grooms the very best

My wedding is in February 2020, but I have been visiting a number of wedding exhibitions to get the best of what is available. I started going to wedding exhibitions in Colombo last year. I am very clear about my needs and choices,” she told Xinhua.

Weddings in Sri Lanka, particularly among the majority Sinhalese community, are colourful, glamorous, artistically innovative and, of course, expensive.

Much thought, planning and money go into a Sinhalese wedding because weddings give opportunities to the families of brides and bridegrooms to showcase their social status and also their taste for the finer aspects of life.

A model bride

No wonder that wedding shows” are so popular in cities like Colombo, both among the rich and the ambitious middle class.

In a typical wedding show held at posh hotels and convention centers, there are numerous stalls displaying bridal wears, jewelries, foods, sweetmeats, flowers and other decorative materials. Professional wedding organizers explain to visitors how they can make a wedding a painless and hassle-free affair.

Over 250 wedding industry professionals displayed their wares and services to thousands of visitors.

Holding a decent wedding is a top priority for any family,” a stall manager told Xinhua.

Examining jewelry

On display at the BMICH fair were retro or modern style wedding cars. There were high tables with different flower arrangements. Photographers and videographers displayed their productions as the wedding portrait and photographs of the bride and the bridegroom in various poses and in various locales are a must.

The range of jewelries, each one more gorgeous than the other, was amazing. They become part of the family heirloom to be inherited by successive generations of brides in the family.

Sunil Fernando is from a family of confectioners who had a stall at the BMICH exhibition. My family attends at least three or four wedding exhibitions a year,” he said.

At a photographer’s stall

No wedding is complete without music and wild dancing in Sri Lanka. Therefore DJs and dance bands also participated in the wedding show.

Some of the customers have already done a lot of research. They directly go to particular service providers to sign up. But most people just come to window shop, to observe and gather information. Sri Lankan people do not make decisions in a hurry,” a wedding supplier told Xinhua.

Leading five-star hotels in Colombo also participated in the wedding exhibition. Posh hotels are a preferred venue for weddings among the Sri Lankan elite. In fact, hosting weddings is a major part of the hotel trade in Sri Lanka.

Intense consultations at the wedding exhibition

The Cinnamon Grand and Galle Face hotels in Colombo said that they hold more than 300 weddings a year, which means almost one wedding a day.

The hotels also hold their own wedding shows every year. But we participate in other wedding exhibitions to broaden our customer base,” a hotel official said.

(Text, video and photos by Tang Lu)

India and Lanka sign US$ 91.26 million contract to upgrade Maho-Omanthai rail track

July 18th, 2019

Courtesy NewsIn.Asia

Colombo, July 18 (newsin.asia): A contract agreement for around US$ 91.26 million to upgrade the railway track from Maho to Omanthai under Indian concessional financing was signed by IRCON International Limited of India and the Government of Sri Lanka here on Thursday.

India and Lanka sign US$ 91.26 million contract to upgrade Maho-Omanthai rail track

The contract agreement was signed by Sunil Kumar Choudhury, Chairman & Managing Director, IRCON International Limited and L.P.Jayampathy, Secretary, Ministry of Transport and Civil Aviation of Sri Lanka, in the presence of Hon. Arjuna Ranatunga, Minister of Transport and Civil Aviation of Sri Lanka. Mr. M.J. D. Fernando, General Manager, Sri Lanka Railways; S. L. Gupta, ED, IRCON, International Limited; and Suja K. Menon, Head of Economic & Commercial Wing, High Commission of India.

The total length of the track that will be upgraded under Indian concessional financing between Maho to Omanthai would be around 130 km. This includes 12 crossing stations, 7 halt stations and 78 level crossings. This is the first time the track is being upgraded in 100 years. This project would double the speed potential of railway track from the current around 60 km to 120 km per hour, as well as reduce the maintenance costs. It will also improve the travel comfort of passengers, and further contribute to the modernization Sri Lanka Railways.

India has so far committed Lines of Credit worth around US$ 1.3 billion for development of railway sector in Sri Lanka. The restoration of arterial railway lines, connecting the North and the South after decades of conflict, was undertaken under Indian concessional financing. The tsunami-affected Southern Railway line was also upgraded under Indian Line of Credit. India has so far upgraded around 300 km of railway track and provided modern signalling & telecommunication system for around 330 km in Sri Lanka.

In June 2017, India signed a fresh Line of Credit Agreement for US $ 318 million for the development of railway sector in Sri Lanka. Under this Line of Credit, other projects that are underway include procurement of 160 passenger coaches; upgrading of signal & telecommunication system from Maho to Anuradhapura; and setting up of a Railway Workshop in Ratmalana etc. Procurements of rolling stock from India are also underway including 6 DMUs, 10 locomotives, 20 container carrier wagons, 30 fuel tank wagons, 160 passenger coaches, and 500 buses. India has also contributed substantially to capacity building of Sri Lankan railway personnel.

This project is in continuation of India’s efforts to partner with Sri Lanka in people-oriented connectivity projects in Sri Lanka.

ACSA, SOFA & MCC SAGA

July 18th, 2019

JANAKI CHANDRARATNA Courtesy The Island

July 18, 2019, 9:02 pm 

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There is a considerable degree of anxiety and concern relating to the American ACSA (Acquisition and Cross Servicing Agreement), SOFA (Status of Forces Agreement) and the MCC (Millennium Challenge Corporation) projects currently being considered or probably have already been signed off by the govt. in recent times. The trepidation is mainly due to the lack of information on these developments, which supposedly have a detrimental impact on the sovereignty of our nation.

Sri Lankan media needs to be commended for their part in exposing parts of these arrangements for the benefit of the public. The deafening silence of the govt. on the underpinning reasons for these projects and their impacts have left the electorate in a state of shock and confusion. Government platitudes have only aggravated people’s fears, judging from their experience with other government sponsored controversial issues such as bond scams, UNHRC betrayal and lack of elections.

The opposition concerns too have had not much traction, as they appear to have difficulty in obtaining the required information. Some of the TV programs, in particular, the program Balaya, launched by Hiru TV on 13 July 2019, however, presented some credible evidence for concern as the program panel consisted of a well known political analyst and representatives from the Sri Lankan Bar Association, including a legal consultant to the Govt. on MCC projects. Although the Govt. had claimed there was no difference between the 2007 and 2017 ACSA agreements, the panel agreed that a significant difference is the deletion of the 2007 agreement’s clause of the need to have prior approval for American troops to enter Sri Lanka. They maintained that SOFA, supposedly is not ratified yet by the Sri Lankan Govt., is designed to provide facilities, including diplomatic immunity, to all American personnel that would enter Sri Lanka through the ACSA agreement.

The lack of control as to who enters the country for military purposes is indeed a serious security threat to a small country like Sri Lanka to endure, whether the entrants are Americans or any other foreign power. Even Australia that has a defense agreement with America has no open entry stipulation for American or any other army in the world.

The alleged lease of 1.2 million acres of land for 200 years for an ‘Economic Corridor’ extending from Colombo to Trincomalee, for which the Govt. has supposedly already obtained a paltry sum of USD 400 million; and the proposed increase of land market activity for the benefit of multi-national companies are some of the other issues that have driven fear and distress within the community. Their fears are understandable because of the detrimental impact these assertions can have on the future economy and security of the Island.

In an election year, it is for the benefit to the Govt. to publish the agreements in the public domain, so that the electors will not be embroiled in the current rumor mill. Also by publicizing the agreements it would provide an opportunity to all political and civil society leaders to agree on an arrangement that would be of benefit to future generations, as well as safeguard the sovereignty of the country. People and governments can make mistakes, as no one is infallible, but it is prudent to make amendments when it is still possible, irrespective of party affiliations, to put the country first even at this late stage before implementing the controversial agreements.

From granary to waste-yard?

July 18th, 2019

Editorial Courtesy The Island

Time was when this country was known as the Granary of the East. Today, it is apparently on its way to becoming what may be called the Dumpsite of the East. Consignments of foreign garbage are said to be imported. The Customs trade unions have said that as many as 122 containers of waste, brought from the UK, are currently sitting in the Colombo Port. These big boxes are said to contain hospital waste, plant and animal parts, restaurant trash and old mattresses. A lot of waste has been imported since 2013 and dumped in the Katunayake Free Trade Zone area, we are told. The government remains silent.

We are already stuck neck deep in garbage, so to speak. Successive governments have failed to find a lasting solution to the problem of municipal waste, which is being dumped haphazardly in various parts of the country, amidst howls of protest from the public. Mountains of garbage have appeared in some areas, as a result, and the one at Meethotamulla collapsed, burying more than 30 people alive, in 2017. Waste imports are sure to worsen the situation.

One of the main reasons why there has been so much of resistance to the Sri Lanka-Singapore Free Trade Agreement (SLSFTA) is that it provides for dumping garbage here. The government has sought to allay the fears of environmentalists and concerned citizens, but the controversial provision is there and the possibility of foreign garbage being brought here cannot be ruled out. Some of the bitterest critics of the SLSFTA are members of the Joint Opposition/the Sri Lanka Podujana Peramuna. They warn that the SLSFTA may lead to an environmental disaster with shiploads of waste coming from and/or through Singapore. Ironically, it has now been revealed that the door to foreign waste imports was opened while they were in power. They have got badly exposed for their hypocrisy.

The Customs unions have said that in 2013, the then President Mahinda Rajapaksa issued a gazette notification to facilitate imports for BOI companies, and a loophole therein has been used by some persons to import garbage sans Customs checks. Fear has been expressed that even nuclear waste can be brought in at this rate—absit omen!

Rajapaksa should explain why he issued that gazette, effecting an amendment to the import regulatory system, and left the loophole at issue unattended until the end of his presidential term.

The grandees of the previous dispensation put through some crooked deals at the expense of the country while wrapping themselves in the flag. But most of what they did could have been undone following the 2015 regime change. If garbage importers have benefited from the aforesaid gazette notification, it must be done away with or amended urgently. Why the present government has not done so defies comprehension. Here is something that it can achieve at the stroke of a pen.

President Maithripala Sirisena, who is also the Minister of Environment, never misses an opportunity to make a public display of his environmental concerns and love for the country. He should have cancelled his predecessor’s gazette notification, years ago, putting an end to waste imports. The Ministry of Finance should have brought it to his notice or initiated action, on its own, to scrap the garbage-friendly import regulation.

After all, President Sirisena and Prime Minister Ranil Wickremesinghe have even changed the Constitution to achieve their political objectives. The 19th Amendment is a case in point. Scrapping a rotten import regulation, which helps some racketeers with their efforts to turn the country into an international landfill, should be child’s play for them. Why don’t they get cracking?

Making the Political Alternative meaningful and Relevant to Masses

July 18th, 2019

By Siri Hettige, Emeritus Professor of Sociology, University of Colombo – Courtesy The Island

There has been considerable public discussion in recent months about the need to find a meaningful and real alternative to the existing two mainstream political formations in Sri Lanka. But, the people in the country are yet to see a clear vision and a cohesive programme of the proposed political alternative. In this brief article, an attempt is made to articulate a possible vision and a programme to be discussed and considered by relevant parties in the next weeks and months.

Against the backdrop of persisting political turmoil, chronic uncertainties and a deep sense of insecurity felt by the vast majority of people, what is urgently needed is to identify a clear path along which the country should move forward to meet the legitimate aspirations of diverse segments of society. Given the serious economic, social, cultural, political and environmental issues that have evolved over a period of time, the country needs to find alternative ways to address various issues that have remained largely unresolved due to past policy failures. In the remainder of this article, I outline some alternative strategies that can be adopted to have a clear break from the past in the five areas mentioned above.

Economy:

As is well known, Sri Lanka’s economy today is highly distorted, tilting heavily towards services. Productive sectors like agriculture, urban and rural industry and artisan production have either stagnated or declined. Many rural people have migrated to cities or overseas for casual employment. Continuous exodus of labour, the decline of productive sectors, a continually widening trade gap and mounting public debts have generated inflationary pressures that make life miserable for an increasing proportion of the population. While income distribution has become highly unequal, rural urban disparities have widened. Meanwhile, the informal sector of the economy has expanded and living and working conditions of people, dependent on the informal sector, remain precarious. The above state of the economy demands a major effort to restructure it in order to diversity all sectors, create productive employment in all parts of the country and reduce inflationary pressures. Both domestic and foreign capital should also be diverted into production oriented ventures outside the major urban centres. The development of social infrastructure such as quality health and education facilities outside major cities is critically important to facilitate decentralised development in the country. What should be noted here is that the concentration of wealth and people in and around urban centres is not socially and environmentally sustainable.

Social System:

Increasing economic and social pressures, arising out of the above economic conditions, have created precarious working and living conditions for a majority of people in the country. Growing spatial mobility of people of all walks of life has weakened family and community life leading to vulnerabilities among children, youth, the poor, the differently abled and the elderly. Increasing significance of privately funded education, transport and health services have given rise to a sense of relative deprivation among low income people. While formal systems of social protection such as pensions and Employees Provident Funds, cover only a minority of economically active people, others are exposed to economic and social risks and vulnerabilities. Many elderly people continue to engage in employment way beyond retirement age due to the lack of old age pensions or productive assets. Many such people also suffer due to the deficient publicly provided health, education and transport facilities.

The conditions outlined above shows that the social system is increasingly polarised and unjust. Emergent social conditions are at variance with the widely held egalitarian values in the country. A range of social policies are needed to address the issues involved and create a sense of social justice and equity among socially marginalised people in the country.

Culture:

By the time the British rulers left Sri Lanka following nearly 150 years of colonial rule, the country had already become a centralised parliamentary democracy. Yet, the social and cultural policies adopted by the colonial rulers had prevented the emergence of a unified citizenry. Ethnic, linguistic and religious divisions were already part of the social, cultural and political landscape. The highly unequal education system during the colonial period continued to reproduce social and cultural divisions in the country. Poor and basic educational facilities in rural areas did not help transform the largely marginalised rural population into a citizenry with a modern social and cultural outlook. Such people remained wedded to a traditional way of life connected to a largely subsistence oriented rural economic pursuits, and their world views and lifestyles were very much shaped by traditional beliefs and archaic religious and ritual practices. Given the lack of access to modern educational facilities and mass media in rural areas, most rural inhabitants remained cut off from the influence of modern urban industrial cultures. Though a tiny anglicised, privileged post -colonial elite had emerged in urban areas, thanks to the emerging colonial economy dominated by plantation production, import and export trade, service industries, etc. , the vast majority of people remained wedded to parochial, traditional rural cultures of several ethno-religious communities.

This cultural pattern continued after independence due to post- independence cultural policies that prevented the formation of an overarching mainstream national culture suited to a modern, secular democratic society.

Political Structure:

Though Sri Lanka became a centralised parliamentary democracy, under the British rule, vast, remote rural hinterland remained weakly integrated with the Centre due to poor transportation and communication infrastructure. This situation was also conducive for the perpetuation of strong regional, ethnic and religious identities. Following independence, such identities became even stronger due to cultural, language and educational policies adopted by post-independence regimes. It is this situation that paved the way for competition among ethno-religious groups for political power and public resources such as land, employment and business opportunities. Such competition eventually led to anti-state, violent political campaigns including the armed struggle in the north and east for a separate State that ended in 2009 with the defeat of the LTTE.

Though there have been some efforts over the last few decades to institutionalise a more decentralised political structure in the country, mostly centralised nature of the State remains. Provincial and local government institutions remain weak and poorly resourced. Many functions that can be easily and more fruitfully carried out at local and provincial levels remain with the government. The result is a top heavy administration that controls much of the country’s public finances and other resources, often leading to wastage, corruption and inefficiency. The distribution of public resources through political party based networks of patron-client relationships has made the situation worse as this has given rise to political favouritism and discrimination, preventing the emergence of a unified citizenry with equal rights and life chances.

Environmental Resources:

Economic, social and political conditions outlined above have not been conducive for the sustainable management and use of natural resources of the country. Fragmentation of land, unplanned human settlements, implementation of development projects in a haphazard manner, over-exploitation of natural resources, pollution and degradation of the environment, etc. have been the result. Natural and human induced hazards such as flooding, landslides, soil erosion, pollution of water resources, human-animal conflict, droughts, etc., pose serious threats to livelihoods and well-being of people in almost all parts of the country. Successive governments that ruled the country, over the last several decades, are largely responsible for the above state of affairs. Their failure or refusal to adopt evidence-based policies to deal with issues in the five areas mentioned above, namely, the economy, social system, culture, political system and the environment, has been the main reason for the deterioration of economic, social, cultural, political and environmental conditions. These governments were led by the mainstream political parties that have not shown any readiness to change their policies and governance styles. Given this situation, people in the country have to opt for a viable political alternative outside the political mainstream. There are already growing signs of a clear readiness on the part of a majority of people to look for such an alternative. Such an alternative path has become critically important today as the economic, social, cultural, political and environmental challenges facing the country demands a holistic and rational approach to development, public welfare and peace in the country. Such an approach is already outlined in the sustainable development vision 2030 policy document prepared by an independent expert committee.

Fully qualified cutthroats

July 18th, 2019

OLD SOLDIER

The JVP, who in 1989-90 attempted genocide of the Sinhalese, share similarities with the Nazi’s who actually committed genocide of six million Jews in Germany and occupied Europe in 5 years. In SL there were over 60,000 deaths in a year before the JVP was neutralized. Had they gone on it would have been half a million in five years.

Amazingly, they and not the military, now show sudden and great concern in non GMOA registered doctors working in the Forces hospitals (Island 12 July 19). After all it was not too long ago that the JVP threatened ‘fully’ baked GMOA doctors with death. What do they want with ‘half baked’ ones now? They have asked parliament to look into the question of ‘half baked doctors’. Weird. It is moot whether the GMOA is pulling the strings as it has not publicly stated its position.

The JVP believes that by continuously swamping the people with countless issues, the people will forget its gory year of murdering that dehumanized a peaceful SL. After their first abortive attempt in 1971, they brought the country to a virtual halt in 1989-90 by placing ‘death notice’ chits in work places and murdering innocents all over the South. They attempted to destroy the state by attacking the armed forces and police, the state administrative structure and staff, including the judiciary, health services, education, transport and national infrastructure amongst other things. Apparently this was their way of showing their opposition to the invading IPKF and the LTTE’s campaign of terror. They did not however threaten or attack either of those two organizations ever but turned on the Sinhalese people, exclusively.

SL must never forget how the JVP ordered the closing down of hospitals and made death threats to the doctors and staff if they attempted to work. They threw the entire health system into disarray. It caused the deaths of hundreds if not thousands of seriously ill patients adding to the 60,000 deaths they were responsible for by murder. Their sudden concern now for soldier patients and ‘half baked doctors’, is typical of their proclivity to stir up things for publicity in the guise of showing concern. It is baffling and at odds with its earlier methods of striking terror. Could they be working as usual as a proxy for a shadow organization?

The JVP top leaders then as now from that monster Wijeweera, hid while their cadres, trained and indoctrinated to be murderous hit men, roamed far and wide, killing all and sundry. The JVP paid the price eventually and dearly. The turning point in their battle came when having failed to infiltrate and suborn, they threatened to kill the families of the troops whose doctors ironically are now their supposed concern. While Wijeweera and thousands of JVP finally died in that one terrible year of ceaseless murder, arson and vandalism, some leaders escaped. They and their class progeny got back into society. They pretend to follow democratic politics fooling many but not all, and biding their time. They have survived by cunningly playing one political party against the other in a national culture that nurtures political betrayal.

Curiously and ironically it cuddled up to the UNP and its present leader after 2015, ingeniously overlooking the 60,000 deaths the two together were mutually responsible for in 1989/90. It included the murder of the JVP leader and many innocents while in captivity. They also accused the UNP leaders of running torture chambers. Amazingly, craftily and hazardously for SL the two are now almost conjoined. The JVP often make the difference between victory and defeat and survival for the UNP government in parliament, together with the starkly communal parties.

The JVP brutalized a generation or more, twice. Once in 1971 and then in 1989-90.Their favourite method of murder was by slitting the throat. Their preferred way was not with a knife but with a blade, slowly, enjoying the agony of the victim. They then hanged the head of the murdered on a pole, gate, and fence or placed it on a wall. Those cut throats were JVP, fully baked. It is their unapologetic heirs that now invent ‘half baked doctors’ in the Forces.

Those doctors have qualified in foreign countries whose exams are not recognized by the envious and lucre hunting members of the GMOA who are for this ‘certification’ alone, unashamedly western and colonially oriented. But those foreign qualified doctors are as competent as GMOA certified doctors and far more caring than many. Moreover the Forces have welcomed them. Ask any soldier. They take care of the very troops the JVP tried twice to exterminate: So much for JVP love.

The JVP has a blood soaked, murderous and genocidal history. They are also outrageous hypocrites. They may mystify some with their verbosity and apparent monastic life style, simply as they are without power. But who and what do they represent? One look at their clones protesting and blocking roads and government offices almost daily and making it almost impossible for universities to function, should give more than a glimpse of what will follow if they have even an ounce of power. With their anarchical and brutal history, they are hardly in any position to question anything in this land, including the recruitment of doctors to the forces. Hitler too played the moral card to justify his evil.

US govt. will not buy, sell, or own actual land in Sri Lanka – Teplitz

July 18th, 2019

Courtesy The Island

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Teplitz

The United States Government will not buy, sell, or own any actual land under Millennium Challenge Corporation (MCC) Compact, says the US Ambassador to Sri Lanka, Alaina B. Teplitz.

Ambassador Teplitz conducted a Facebook live chat on Thursday to counter misinformation and disinformation that has been propagated about US-Sri Lanka cooperation.

The Ambassador responded to public questions on the US-Sri Lanka partnership agreements, Visiting Forces Agreement (VFA), Acquisition and Cross Servicing Agreement (ACSA) and the Millennium Challenge Corporation (MCC) Compact.

The VFA addresses the status of US military and civilian employees of the US Department of Defense, who may be temporarily present in Sri Lanka for exercises or official duty at the invitation of the Government of Sri Lanka, clarified the Ambassador. However, the draft VFA is still under negotiation and has not been concluded as of yet, she stated.

According to the Ambassador, the VFA reflects the fact that the US has no plans for a permanent military presence in Sri Lanka and that the US Forces would only come to Sri Lanka at the invitation of the Sri Lankan government and would then depart.

Ambassador Teplitz further assured that no troops – even under a VFA – would enter Sri Lanka without proper documentation and prior approval. Sri Lanka would retain all sovereign rights to approve or deny entry or exit of U.S. personnel, vessels, and aircraft into Sri Lanka’s territory and territorial waters/airspace, she elaborated. 

Responding to a concern about the terms of the SOFA (or VFA) on possible immunity US defense personnel seek from the local jurisdiction, the Ambassador said that the two countries would come to an advance agreement on how to deal with such incidents should they arise.

The second agreement between the two countries, Acquisition and Cross Servicing Agreement (ACSA), was signed in 2007 and renewed in 2017, and aim to facilitate military cooperation, particularly joint exercises and disaster relief, informed the Ambassador.

The ACSA agreement is designed to provide a legal framework for logistical support between the US and Sri Lankan militaries and to exchange supplies and services, as well as payment for those supplies and services, she stated.

According to the Ambassador, the Millennium Challenge Corporation (MCC) Compact is a $480 million development assistance gift designed to promote economic growth in Sri Lanka and is not contingent on the VFA and ACSA. 

The MCC is neither a loan nor a military agreement, she added.

The US has no intention to build a military base or establish a permanent military presence in Sri Lanka; similarly, the United States gains no land ownership or control through MCC, she said.

She further stated the MCC Compact would not be establishing an ‘economic corridor’ between Colombo and Trincomalee.

Instead, under the MCC, two projects – a transportation project and a land project – have been proposed to address constraints to economic growth in Sri Lanka.

The $350 million transportation project will upgrade physical roadway networks, modernize traffic systems, and introduce policy and regulatory reforms. With an estimated economic rate of return of 19%, the project will focus on the Western, Central, Sabaragamuwa and Uva Provinces.

The $67 million land administration project has an estimated economic rate of return of 30% and aims to expand and improve the existing initiatives of the Sri Lankan government to increase the availability of spatial data and land rights information. The project will initially focus on districts in the Central, North-Western, North-Central and Eastern Provinces.

The US Government will not buy, sell, or own any actual land – or take control of any actual land – under this agreement, affirmed Teplitz.

Responding to a query on US’ involvement in Sri Lankan judiciary and protocol, the Ambassador said that the US has not and will not interfere or become directly involved in Sri Lanka’s judiciary.

However, the US has sponsored training for Sri Lankan judges and lawyers at the request of the Sri Lankan government, she stated.

The American Bar Association has no intention to establish a branch in Sri Lanka, said Teplitz.

The Ambassador reiterated that when the US extends support and assistance to the people of Sri Lanka it is only at the invitation of the Sri Lankan government.

NPC wants CID withdrawn and SIU to probe

July 18th, 2019

Darshana Sanjeewa Balasuriya Courtesy The Daily Mirror

The National Police Commission (NPC) has called for a report from the Acting IGP over the possibility of removing the CID from investigating Dr. Mohammed Shafi’s case and hand it over to the Police Special Investigation Unit (SIU).

Police Spokesman SP Ruwan Gunasekera said an attorney had lodged a complaint with the NPC stating that investigations carried out by the CID against Dr. Shafi should be withdrawn.

The lawyer had requested in the complaint that the investigations should be handed over to a Special Investigation Unit which should be comprised of police teams from the CID, the Kurunegala Police and the Colombo Crimes Division (CCD),” SP Gunasekera said.

Accordingly, he said the NPC had inquired from the Acting IGP about the possibility of handing over the investigations to the SIU.

The Acting IGP in return had called for a report from the SIU to inform him about the possibility.

The spokesman said the police will inform the NPC about their decision tomorrow (19).

The 42-year-old doctor attached to the Kurunegala Teaching Hospital was arrested on May 24 and was later handed over to the CID to conduct an investigation into illegal sterilisation surgeries allegedly performed by him. He had been remanded till July 25.

Adverse weather conditions in Sri Lanka

July 18th, 2019

Courtesy Ceylon Today

Power outages due to the adverse weather conditions have been reported from several areas in the island including Matara, Galle and Ratnapura today (18).

Deputy Director of theDisaster Management Centre (DMC), Pradeep Kodippili advised the public not to proceed to the sea and to avoid travelling to the mountain areas due to the current adverse weather. 

Also, as a result of the torrential rains in the mountain areas, the water levels of the Laxapana, Maussakelle and Castlereagh reservoirs have been risen and due to this situation two spill gates of the Laxapana reservoir have been opened today (18) morning. 

The DMC has issued a red notice to all the residents living down-stream close to the Kelani River to evacuate from the area.

FCID probing Ven. Rathana Thera’s complaint USD 100M Saudi funding to Batti Campus Pvt Ltd

July 18th, 2019

By Hansi Nanayakkara Courtesy Ceylon Today

The Financial Crimes Investigation Division (FCID) yesterday (18), informed Colombo Chief Magistrate Lanka Jayaratna that they were currently probing how a sum of over US$ 100 million had been sent from Saudi Arabia to the Batticaloa Campus Private Limited and the Bank accounts from which that sum had been withdrawn, to construct a University in the Poonani area of Batticaloa.

 They said, Parliamentarian Ven. Athuraliye Rathana Thera had lodged a complaint in this connection at the IGP’s office on 12 July, after which the complaint had been handed over to them by the Acting IGP.

They added that after receiving the complaint, they had summoned the monk to record a statement from him.

 The FCID informed the Court that in the complaint, the monk had claimed that the land which had been provided for the construction of the University had belonged to the Maheweli Development Authority (MDA).

They added, the monk had stated that the MDA had given the land to the Hira Foundation for the construction of a technical college and the Hira Foundation had been registered with the Social Services Department.

The FCID told Magistrate Jayaratna, the monk had further mentioned in his statement that after obtaining the land, the Foundation had used it for other activities.

They added that the monk had stated in his complaint that a sum of over US$ 100 million had been sent from overseas to this University and that the sending of such a staggering amount of money had been suspicious.


They also told the Magistrate that Ven. Rathana Thera had stated that 24 hours after the 21 April Easter Sunday terror attack, former Eastern Province Governor Hizbullah had gone to meet three Muslims residing at the Karmy Hotel situated in Passikuda, despite a curfew being imposed throughout the country.


The FCID informed the Court that the monk, in his complaint, had stated that it was suspicious as to why Hizbullah had gone to meet the three Muslims who were residing in the country sans visas and such incidents have to be probed for the safety of the public here.


The FCID said that they had also recorded a statement from Nagaraja Kanthan, a resident of Valachchanai connected to the same incident.


They added that in his statement to them Nagaraja has stated that development work was being carried out on a land owned by the State in this area and upon further inquiries it had come to light that a 35-acre block, owned by the MDA, had been provided to the Sri Lanka Hira Foundation.

 CT Web 02:00 AM Jul 19 2019

Retrospective View on 8 January 2015

July 18th, 2019

By Sumanasiri Liyanage Courtesy Ceylon Today

In spite of the ambiguities embedded in the Constitution over the next date of the Presidential Poll, there is no doubt that it should be held prior to May 2020, the latest. From the perspective of the people in the country, it is pertinent to rethink about the decision that they made on 8 January 2015.

As 6.2 million people voted on 8 January 2015 to oust the existing regime and to elect a new Government, it is not unfair to assume that these voters might have done although unconsciously some kind of scenario development for next five years on the performance of the new regime. 

Scenario development and planning is a scientific exercise deployed by actors such as business firms, environmental organisations. However, we laymen also engage in the same exercise in our day-to-day lives. It is neither a prediction nor a projection, but a more flexible reading of the future that is unvaryingly uncertain.


The 6.2 million people who voted on 8 January 2015 to oust the existing regime might have had compared two scenarios prior to casting their vote. The first would have been the envisioned situation that would be created in case the incumbent Mahinda Rajapaksa got elected. 

The second would have been Sri Lanka in 2020 under Wickremesinghe-Sirisena regime. The 6.2 million people would have thought that the second was the better option even though it was not one hundred per cent perfect.

 Nonetheless, now it is clear that the scenario that had been developed with regard to the second option is incorrect and the Wickremesinghe-Sirisena regime has finally ended up being the worst regime in the seventy years since Independence. Let us first see how this mental exercise is performed.


Scenario Development


What is meant by scenario development? Philip van Notten defines scenarios” 

as: consistent and coherent descriptions of alternative hypothetical futures that reflect different perspectives on past, present, and future developments, which can serve as a basis for action.” Hence, the method of scenario development and planning combines known facts about the present and the future with key driving forces identified by considering social, technical, economic, environmental, and political (STEEP) trends. As adequate information is available with regard to the present situation, it is much easier to develop scenarios because the drivers that would determine the future may easily be recognised.


By 2015, Mahinda Rajapaksa had been in power for ten years. Under his leadership, the internal armed conflict came to an end when security forces were able to defeat the LTTE comprehensively, decimating its principal leadership. 

This helped him to come to power for the second time in 2010. The steps taken after the election were hard to be defended. The 18th Amendment was added to the Constitution repealing the constitutional limit of presidential tenure to two terms and placing the independent commissions set up by the 17th Amendment under virtual presidential control. 

There were allegations about the regime’s involvement in killing and harassing its opponents and corruption associated with huge infra-structure projects. There appeared to be multiple drivers working towards more and more authoritarian rule. In spite of some positive results in the economic front, for a citizen who preferred more democratic and corruption free country the argument that the existing regime should go was a convincing one.


What Went Wrong?


The academics, professionals and the Colombo civil society who led the campaign against the Mahinda Rajapaksa regime prior to the 2015 Presidential Poll had presented a convincing argument over the necessity of regime change. Of course, some of these groups did not base their action on situational analysis but based on their own political agenda. 

Many Colombo civil society organisations are heavily depended on the contributions by Western nations. 

In a context when the USA and its allies and India, badly, wanted to oust Mahinda Rajapaksa, for its close links with China, they used Colombo civil society organisations to lead the campaign not specifically on the issue of Chinese involvement but on the issue of democracy and human rights. In the present world context both democracy and human rights are being used as what Michael Foucault said, the technology of governance by the imperialist powers.


In my view, the Government that came to power in January 2015 may be described as the worst Government in the last 70 years whatever the measure being used. In other words, Sri Lanka is experiencing today its first generalised crisis since independence. A generalised crisis is a crisis that occurrs simultaneously in every field, economic, political, social, and cultural. Both the Ministry of Finance and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs are being steered by visible and invisible foreign hands. Human security is at its lowest. This has extended even to the field of sports.  

Let us confine ourselves to people who were really concerned about democracy, human rights and all those goodies and followed wittingly or unwittingly the Western plan of regime change in 2015. I must emphasise I do not put all those people into one basket. What went wrong as far as they were concerned? If they make a retrospective assessment of the 2015 decision, what would be their verdict?


Scenario Development, Test 2


As I argued above, these multifarious groups had correctly understood the prevailing situation and the drivers that would be in operation under a future Rajapaksa regime, namely Test 1. Nonetheless, they have failed in scenario development Test 2. Their situation analysis was incomplete and inadequate, and they failed totally to understand the drivers that would be at work after the election. A critical point they missed in the situation analysis is the developing tension in the Indian Ocean region. Secondly, the coalition that was formed was not more than a hotchpotch with opposing intentions and conflicting policies. 

When the honeymoon is over, and the issue of succession of power comes to the fore, such a coalition may not be maintained. The neoliberalist economic policies and the Western leanings of the main partners of the coalition drove the country eventually for an economic collapse on the one hand and the security collapse on the other. Hence, scenarios” as consistent and coherent descriptions of alternative hypothetical futures that reflect different perspectives on past, present, and future developments, which can serve as a basis for action” were developed with wrong assessment of the situation and the failure to identify the drivers and their directionality. The outcome is the first generalised crisis in the country since its Independence.


(The writer is a retired teacher of political economy at the University of Peradeniya.


E-mail: [email protected])

 CT Web 02:00 AM Jul 19 2019

රන්ජන් රාමනායකගේ කතාව හා සමාජ ප්‍රවණතා

July 18th, 2019

කතු වැකිය ලංකාදීප

යහපාලන ආණ්ඩුවේ රාජ්‍ය අමාත්‍ය පදවියක් හොබවන රන්ජන් රාමනායක භික්ෂු සමාජය ගැන කරන ලදැයි කියන ප්‍රකාශයක් පිළිබඳව ලොකු කලබගෑනියක් හටගෙන තිබේ. ඔහු එම ප්‍රකාශය මගින් මෙරට භික්ෂු සමාජය දැඩි විවේචනයට ලක්කර ඇත. යූ ටියුබ්” මාධ්‍ය ඔස්සේ සාකච්ඡාවකට සහභාගී වෙමින් රන්ජන් රාමනායක විසින් කරන ලද ප්‍රකාශය වැරැදීමක් හෝ වැරදි අර්ථ දැක්වීමක් නොව ඔහු විසින්  පුවත් මැවීමට හෝ පොරක් වීම” සඳහා කරන ලද්දක් සේ සමාජයේ කතාබහට ලක්ව ඇත.

ඔහු මහජන  නියෝජිතයෙකි. මහජන නියෝජිතයකු වන්නට පෙර හෙතෙම ශ්‍රී ලාංකික සමාජයේ සාමාජිකයෙකි. නළුවෙකි. ප්‍රකට චරිතයකි. මෙවන් අයට සමහරුන් කියන්නේ ජනමත ප්‍රධානීන් කියාය. ජනමත ප්‍රධානියකු මහජන නියෝජිතයකු වනවිට ඔහු හැසිරිය යුත්තේ සංයමයෙනි. එහෙත් රන්ජන් රාමනායක තවත් වරක් හැසිරී ඇත්තේ සමාජයේ විවේචනයට ලක්වන ආකාරයටය.

මෙවන් සංඝයාවහන්සේලාගෙන් ආණ්ඩුව කරන හැටි ගැන දේශපාලන ලොක්කන් උපදෙස් ගන්නේ ඇයිදැයි ඔහු ප්‍රශ්න කර ඇත. මේ කතාවට මාධ්‍ය ප්‍රචාරයක් ලැබීමෙන් රන්ජන් තෙමේගේ ප්‍රචාරක අරමුණ නම් ඉටු වී ඇත. එහෙත් දේශපාලනඥයකු වශයෙන් මෙන්ම මෙරට සමාජයේ සාමාජිකයකු ලෙස රන්ජන් මෙරට බහුතර දේශපාලනඥයන්ගේත් බෞද්ධ අබෞද්ධ යහපත් සමාජයේත් විවේචනයට පාත්‍රවී තිබේ. ඔහුට ඒ ගැන සතුටක් තිබෙන්නට පිළිවන. මෙම ප්‍රකාශයෙන් අපහසුතාවට පත් රන්ජන් නියෝජනය කරන එ.ජා.පයේ නායක රනිල් වික්‍රමසිංහ මහතා ඔහුගෙන් කරුණු විමසූ විට සහ අමාත්‍යවරුන් ගණනාවක්ම ඔහුට භික්ෂූන්වහන්සේලාගෙන් සමාව ගන්නා ලෙස දැන්වූ විට ලබාදුන් පිළිතුරෙන් පෙනී යන්නේ රන්ජන් තමාගේ ප්‍රකාශය ගැන එතරම් තැකීමක් නොකරන බවයි.

භික්ෂූන්වහන්සේගෙන් සමාව ගන්නැයි කී අයට රන්ජන් දුන් පිළිතුර අනුව ඔහු කළ දේ ගැන සමාව නොගත යුතු බව පවසමින් කියා ඇත්තේ තමන් ගරුතර මහා සංඝරත්නය අපහාසයටත් නින්දාවටත් ලක්කර නොමැති බවයි. ඒ නිසා සමාව ගැනීමක් අවශ්‍ය නොවන බවද හෙතෙම ප්‍රකාශ කර ඇත. එහෙත් ඔහුගේ පක්ෂයේ නායක හා අගමැති රනිල් වික්‍රමසිංහ මහතා රන්ජන් රාමනායකගේ අදහස තරයේම ප්‍රතික්ෂේප කරන බවට විශේෂ ප්‍රකාශයක් කර තිබේ. මහා සංඝරත්නය ගැන සැමවිටම ගෞරව සම්ප්‍රයුක්තව ක්‍රියා කරන තමන්ගේත් තම පක්ෂයේත් මතය එය නොවන බවට අග්‍රාමාත්‍යවරයා කර ඇති ප්‍රකාශයෙන් ද එය ඉතා පැහැදිලිය. මේ අතර තමන් එවැනි ප්‍රකාශයක් නොකළ බවත් එම වෙබ් අඩවියට විරුද්ධව නඩු මගට යන බවත් රන්ජන් රාමනායක කියයි.

දේශපාලනඥයෝ පුවත් මවති. අතීතයේ ගාල්ලේ ඩබ්. දහනායක, පිලිප් ගුණවර්ධන, සෝමවීර චන්ද්‍රසිරි, ඒ. ජේ. රණසිංහ ආදීහු විවිධාකාරයේ පුවත් මවා ප්‍රසිද්ධියට පත් වූහ. එහෙත් ඒ කිසිවෙක් අපේ සංස්කෘතික උරුමයට හා සමාජ සම්මතයට විකෘති ලෙස අභියෝග කළේ නැත. කට තිබෙන ඕනෑම කෙනකුට නිෂ්ඵල වචන කතා කරන්නත් අවශ්‍යනම් කුණුහරුප කියන්නටත් පිළිවන. එහෙත් ජනමත ප්‍රධානියකු වනවිට පුවත් මවන්නට ගොස් හත්පොළේ ගාගත යුතු නැත. අතීතයේ එක් වතාවක අගමැති ධුරය දැරූ සර් ජෝන් කොතලාවල මහතා භික්ෂූන්වහන්සේගේ තට්ටයේ තාර ගාන්නට ඕනෑ යැයි කියා කරගත් හරිය දන්නෝ දනිති. ඔහු තනිවම එහි ප්‍රතිඵල භුක්ති වින්දා නම් කමක් නැත. රටට මහත් සේවාවක් කළ එක්සත් ජාතික පක්ෂය ද ආසන අටට බස්සවා ආණ්ඩුව ද නැතිකර ගත්තේය. සර් ජෝන් සමඟ සසඳන විට රන්ජන් යනු දේශපාලන පැංචෙකි. එහෙත් මෙවන් දේශපාලන පැංචන්ගේ කතා නිසා බහුතර සංඝ සමාජය එ.ජා.පය ගැන ද වපර ඇසින් බලන්නට ඉඩ තිබේ. අගමැති රනිල් වික්‍රමසිංහ මහතා ද ඔහුගෙන් මේ ගැන පැහැදිලි කිරීමක් ඉල්ලා තිබේ. ඔහු මේ සම්බන්ධයෙන් අගමැතිවරයා හමුවී සාකච්ඡා කිරීමට නියමිත බව ද වාර්තා විය.

රන්ජන් මේ ආකාරයට අධිකරණය ගැන ද පණ්ඩිත කතා කියන්නට ගොස් ප්‍රශ්න මතුකරගෙන තිබේ. නීතිය හමුවේ දැන් ඔහු පරීක්ෂාවට ලක්වෙමින් සිටී. එසේ නීතිය හමුවේ පරීක්ෂාවට ලක්වෙද්දීත් ඔහු එයින් පාඩමක් ඉගෙන ගන්නේ නැතුව සමාජය ඉදිරියේ පරීක්ෂාවට භාජන වන තැනට කරුණු සලසාගෙන ඇත. ඔහු හැප්පුණේ සමාජයේ වැරැදි පිරිසක් සමඟය. හොඳ බෞද්ධයකුවත් හොඳ කතෝලිකයකුවත් හොඳ ඉස්ලාම් භක්තිකයකුවත් අන්‍යාගමිකයකුවත් තමන්ගේ ආගමික නායකයන්ට අපහාස උපහාස කරනවා දකින්නට අසන්නට කැමති නැත. ඒ අයට සමාජ සම්මත ගෞරවයක් තිබේ. ඒ ගෞරවය හා භක්තිය ප්‍රශ්න කරන්නට යායුතු නැත.
තමන් මහජන සේවකයකු යැයි ද කියන රන්ජන් රාමනායක තෙමේ නළුවකු ලෙස කිසියම් නමක් දිනා සිටින්නෙකි. එහෙත් අන්‍යයන්ට අපහාස උපහාස කර රටේ ගෞරවපූර්වක සංස්ථාවක් සමච්චලයට ලක්කොට කැපී පෙනෙන්නට ගියහොත් රන්ජන්ට ඇඩ්‍රස් නැතිවන බව කියනුම වටී. දැනටමත් ඒ සීමාවට ඔහු පැමිණ තිබේ. එක් පැත්තකින් ඔහු අධිකරණය හමුවේද ගැටලුකාරී තත්ත්වයකට මුහුණ දී සිටී. අනෙක් පසින් මහා සංඝරත්නය ගැන කළැයි කියන ප්‍රකාශයකින් අවැඩක් කරගෙන තිබේ.

රන්ජන් රාමනායක දේශපාලකයකු වශයෙන් කරන කියන කතාවලදී පරිස්සම් විය යුතුය. ඔහු දේශපාලන වශයෙන් අමාරුවේ වැටුණාට කාටවත් කම් නැත. එහෙත් ඔහු නියෝජනය කරන පක්ෂයට ද ඔහුගේ මේ කතා වාතයක් වී ඇති බව අගමැතිතුමාටම රන්ජන්ගේ කතාව ප්‍රතික්ෂේප කරන්නට සිදුවීමෙන් පෙනේ. ඒ ගැන රන්ජන්ට දැන් කළ හැකි කාරණා කිහිපයක් සිහිපත් කර දෙනු කැමැත්තෙමු. ඉන් පළමුවැන්න දැන්වත් කට පරිස්සම් කර ගැනීමයි. දෙවැන්න ඔහු අදහන ආගමේ හැටියට පව් සමාකර ගැනීමයි. යමෙකු අතින් වරදක් සිදු වූ විට එයට සමාව භජනය කරන්නේ නම් සමාව දීම බෞද්ධයන්ගේ උතුම් ගතියකි. ඒ නිසා රන්ජන් රාජ්‍ය අමාත්‍ය තෙමේ නිහතමානීවී දැන්වත් ඔහු අතින් සිදු වූ වරදට සමාව භජනය කළ යුතුය. නොඑසේව ඔහු කියන ලද කතාව තහවුරු කරන්නට තව තවත් උත්සාහ කළහොත් සිදුවන්නේ සමාජ අගෞරවයට පාත්‍රව දේශපාලනයේ අවලංගු කාසියක් වීමටයි. ඒ සඳහා ඉඩහසර ලැබෙන ලබන වසර මහා මැතිවරණ වසර බව ද සිහිකටයුතුය.

Two conspiracy charges in indictment against Gotabaya, court told

July 18th, 2019

Courtesy Adaderana

It is apt to revise the indictments filed against former Defence Secretary Gotabaya Rajapaksa if they are in a state of being revised, the Supreme Court told the Attorney General.

The Attorney General had filed indictments with the Permanent High Court-at-Bar against Gotabaya Rajapaksa, accusing him of misusing state funds when constructing the D.A. Rajapakse museum in Hambantota.

Rajapaksa’s attorneys had submitted an appeal to Permanent High Court-At-Bar seeking to amend the indictments against their client, however, it was rejected by the court.

Meanwhile, the former Defence Secretary’s attorneys once again filed an appeal with the Supreme Court against it.

The appeal was taken up before the Supreme Court judge bench consisting of Justices Sisira de Abrew, Priyantha Jayawardene, Prasanna Jayawardene, Vijith Malalgoda and L.T.B. Dehideniya today (18).

Speaking on behalf of the former Defence Secretary, President’s Counsel Ali Sabry told the court that two of conspiracy charges are in the indictment filed against his client and that it is against the law.

Hence, Justice Sisira de Abrew told Additional Solicitor General Priyantha Nawana, who appeared on behalf of the Attorney General, that it is apt to revise the indictment filed with the Special High Court, if necessary.

Justice Sisira de Abrew pointed out that the defendant of a case should have a comprehensive understanding of the charges laid against him.

The five-judge bench subsequently moved considering the appeal to November 9th and ordered the prosecution and the defence to present submissions in this regard on that day.

The case was filed by the Attorney General alleging that former Defence Secretary Gotabaya Rajapaksa and six others for misappropriating state funds accumulating to Rs 33.9 million during the construction of D.A. Rajapaksa Museum at Medamulana area in Hambantota.

AG files revision against granting bail to Pujith and Hemasiri

July 18th, 2019

Courtesy Adaderana

The Attorney General today filed a revision application before the Colombo High Court against the Colombo chief magistrate’s order granting bail to IGP Pujith Jayasundara and former Defence Secretary Hemasiri Fernando.

The appeal requests the Colombo High Court to issue an interim order against the granting of bail by the Colombo Magistrate’s Court to the suspects, who were arrested for their failure to prevent the Easter Sunday attacks.

Jayasundara and Fernando were informed to appear before the Criminal Investigation Department (CID) on July 02. However, the IGP was admitted to the Police Hospital in Narahenpita while the former Defence Secretary was admitted to the Coronary-Care Unit (CCU) at the National Hospital Colombo that morning over sudden illnesses.

A group of CID officers visited both hospitals later and arrested the duo in the evening of the same day while they were placed in remand custody.

Jayasundara and Fernando were released on bail by the Colombo Chief Magistrate Lanka Jayaratne on July 09.

Announcing the bail order, the chief magistrate stated that the information presented at the Special Presidential Commission of Inquiry probing the terror attacks on Easter Sunday cannot be considered at the magistrate’s court proceedings.

Police Commission’s secretary arrested by CID

July 18th, 2019

Courtesy Adaderana

Secretary of the National Police Commission Saman Dissanayake has been arrested by the Criminal Investigations Department (CID) in connection with the Avant-Garde floating armoury case.

The NPC Secretary was reportedly arrested while he was at the Sri Jayawardenapura Hospital.

The Colombo Fort Magistrate yesterday rejected the anticipatory bail application filed by Dissanayake, requesting to release him on bail if he was arrested over the Avant-Garde floating armoury case.

Magistrate Ranga Dissanayake said that the court has no jurisdiction to grant bail to Dissanayake, who was named as a suspect in the Avant-Garde floating armoury case, as indictments are to be filed against him under the Firearms Ordinance.

On July 05, the Attorney General had instructed the Acting Inspector General of Police (IGP) to immediately arrest Chairman of Avant-Garde Maritime Services (Pvt) Ltd Nissanka Senadhipathi and 7 others including the secretary of the NPC. 

The Acting IGP was further instructed to file charges against them under the Firearms Ordinance and to produce them before the court.

The Acting IGP has later directed the Criminal Investigation Department (CID) to act on the instructions of the Attorney General.

On the 8th of July, the secretary of the NPC had filed an anticipatory bail order seeking the Colombo Fort Magistrate to release him on bail if the CID arrests him over the Avant-Garde floating armoury case.

World Bank assures continuous assistance to Sri Lanka

July 18th, 2019

Courtesy Adaderana

The World Bank will increase assistance to Sri Lanka under three of its new operations, the World Bank Vice President for South Asia Region, Hartwig Schafer said today (18).

The three World Bank operations include assisting the agriculture sector faced with climatic vagaries, irrigation, renewable energy, climate resilience operations and renovation of tanks in rural areas.

Mr Schafer stated this when he called on President Maithripala Sirisena at the President’s Office today. Referring to the Easter Sunday terror attack and its impact on the economy, he has said that the World Bank would provide monetary assistance to reduce the budget gap so that Sri Lanka could continue global borrowings with a sound economic footing, the President’s Media Division (PMD) reported. 

President Sirisena has expressed his gratitude to the World Bank for the long-standing financial support given to Sri Lanka. He has made a special mention about the World Bank’s support extended to Sri Lanka in the aftermath of the challenges faced due to the April 21 terrorist attack, the PMD said.

Expressing his pleasure over the quick recovery made by Sri Lanka after the terrorist attack, the WB Vice President commented that the global community stands by Sri Lanka at this moment of need.

Mr Schafer, who is in Colombo to chair the World Bank Senior Regional Managers Meeting, stated that the World Bank decided to hold its annual session in Colombo to show solidarity with Sri Lanka as the country is trying to restore normalcy after the terrible terrorist attack on Easter Sunday.

He congratulated Sri Lanka for rising to the level of Upper Middle Income Country and said it is a testimony of country’s resilience.

WB Country Director Idah Z Pswarayi-Riddihough, IFC Country Manager Amena Arif, Senior Operations Officer Anne-Kartin Arnold and Additional Secretary to the President, Esala Weerakoon also took part in the discussion.

ඉඩම් හිමිකම් ඇමරිකාවට – සිකුරිටි කම්කරු රස්සා ජනතාවට

July 17th, 2019

මතුගම සෙනෙවිරුවන්

ගෙන ඒමට යෝජිත ඉඩම් පනත් වලින්  මෙරට ජනතාවට භූමියේ හිමිකම් ලැබෙන බව අගමැති වරයා පවසයි. මෙම අයිතිය වලක්වාලන්නට මෙරට සංවිධාන දෙකක් වැඩ කරන බවද ඒවාට නොරැවටී ජනතාවගේ ඉඩම් අයිතිය ලබා ගත යුතු බවද ඔහු  වැඩිදුරටත් ප්‍රකාශයක් නිකුත් කර තිබේ.මෙතෙක් කල් බලපත්‍ර හිමිව සිටි ස්වර්ණ භූමි සහ ජයභූමි ඔප්පු හිමිව සිටි ලංකාවාසී ජනතාවට සින්නක්කරවම ඔප්පු ලැබෙන්නේ යැයි කියන මේ ප්‍රකාශයෙහි සත්‍යතාවයක් තිබේද. දැනට පාර්ලිමේන්තුවට ඉදිරිපත් කර තිබෙන ඉඩම් විශේෂ විධි විධාන පනත යනුවෙන් හඳුන්වන පනත ට කැබිනට් අනුමැති හිමිව නැතිබවද දයාසිරි ජයසේකර මන්ත්‍රීවරයා පවසා ඇත. එසේම මෙම ඉඩම් පනත ආණ්ඩුක්‍රම ව්‍යවසථාවට පටහැනි බවට අධිකරණයට පෙත්සම් කීපයක් ද ඉදිරිපත්ව තිබේ.එසේම ඉඩම් බැංකු පනත නමින් තවත් පනතක් ඉදිරිපත් කරලීමට  ද යෝජිතව තිබේ.

        වර්ෂ 1840 දී බ්‍රිතාන්‍යයන් විසින් ගෙන ආ අනවසර ඉඩම් ආඥා පනත මගින් සිංහල ජනතාව සතුව තිබූ උඩරට සහ පහතරට සාරවත් ඉඩම් අක්කර ලක්ෂ ගණනාවක් රජයට පවරාගත් හැටි අපට මේ අවස්ථාවේ දී මතකට නැගේ . යම් අයිතිවාසිකමක් ඉදිරිපත් කිරීමට නොහැකි වූ සෑම බිම් අඟලක්ම බ්‍රිතාන්‍යයන් අතපත් කරගෙන ඒවා හෙළි පෙහෙළි කොට කෝපි තේ සහ රබර් වවන්නට කටයුතු කළහ. මේ සඳහා 1897 අංක 01 මුඩුබිම් පනත ගෙන එන ලදී.ලංකාවේ වර්තමානයේ පවතින ඉඩම් පනත් වල මූලාරම්භය සනිටුහන් වන්නේ මේ පනත් වලින් සහ 1800 සිට නිකුත් කරන ලද ඉඩම් නිවේදන මගිනි.  1903 වර්ෂයේ දී ඉඩම් නිරවුල් කිරීමේ දෙපාර්තමේන්තුව පිහිටුවා 1931 අංක 20 පනත මගින් ප්‍රථම වරට ජනතාවට ඉඩම් ලබා දීමට කටයුතු සිදු කර ඇත. වර්තමානය වන විට මේ රටේ ඉඩම් කොමසාරිස් දෙපාර්තමේන්තුව හරහා ක්‍රියාත්මක වන්නේ 1935 අංක 19 දරණ පනත සහ එහි සංශෝධන අවස්ථාවන්ය.

      එහෙත්  මෙම පනත් මගින් සැබෑ ලෙසටම එදා පැහර ගත් ඉඩම් වල අයිතිය සිංහලයන්ට ලැබී තිබෙන්නේ දැයි මොහොතක් කල්පනා කළ යුතුය. සැබෑ ලෙසටම එසේ ලැබී නොමැත. ඒ වෙනුවට ඉඩම් නිරවුල් කරලීමේ ආඥා පනත මගින් නින්දගම් ඉඩම් පරවේණී ඉඩම් ආදී සියල්ල රජයට පවරා ගැනිණ. මේ මෑත කාලයේ දී සංචාරක හෝටල් වලට අතයට විකුණා දමන්නට කටයුතු යෙදුණේ මෙලෙස පවරා ගත් ඉඩම්ය. එසේම විහාර දේවාලගම් සතුව පැවති ඉඩම් සෑහෙන ප්‍රමාණයක් මෙලෙස අන්සතු කර තිබෙන බව දකින්නට හැකිය. විශේෂයෙන්ම උතුරු පළාත උතුරු මැද සහ නැගෙනහිර පළාත් වල තිබෙන පැරණි සිද්ධස්ථාන සතු ඉඩම් ( දීඝවාපිය සෙරුවිල  මෙන්ම මුහුදු මහා විහාරය ) රාශියක් එක්කෝ පුරාවිද්‍යා දෙපාර්තමේන්තුව මගින් රක්ෂිත ලෙසට වෙන්කර ගෙන ඇත. නැතිනම් ඉංග්‍රීසීන් විසින් ප්‍රසිද්ධ වෙන්දේසියේ විකුණා ඇත. කොළඹ දිස්ත්‍රික්කය ගතහොත් පැපිලියානේ සුනේත්‍රා දේවි පිරිවෙනටත් කලුතර දිසුත්‍රික්කයේ විද්‍යාරත්න පිරිවෙනටත්  අදාල ඉඩම්  දෙකට මැද්දෙන් දෙබෑ වන ලෙසට මහපාරවල් දමා මේ ඉඩම් රජය සතු කරගෙන තිබේ.මෙවැනි අවාසානාවන්ත අසරණ තත්ත්වයකට සිංහල ජනතාව මෙන්ම බුද්ධ ශාසනයත් ඇද දමා තිබෙන්නේ ඉංග්‍රීසීන් ගේ ඉඩම් ප්‍රතිපත්තිය සහ වර්තමානයේ විශේෂයෙන්ම 1948 සිට ලංකාව පාලනය කළ දේශපාලඥයන් ගේ බටහිර ගැති ප්‍රතිපත්තිය නිසා බව නොකියා බැරිය. විවිධ සංවර්ධන ව්‍යාපාර මගින් නැවත ඉඩකඩම් ලැබුණද ඒ ලැබෙන්නේ  අක්කර පහක් වර්තමානයේ නම් හෙක්ටයාර් දෙකහමාරක වපසරියක් පමණි. මහවැලියට යටවුණු අක්කර පහ දහය ඉඩම් හිමිව තිබූ භූමිපුත්‍රයන් ගේ නව පරම්පරාව ඉඩම් නොමැතිව නගරයට සංක්‍රමණය වන්නේ එහෙයිනි.

        මෙවැනි පසුබිමක් මැද ඉඩම් විශේෂ විධි විධාන පනත නමින් නව පනතක් ගෙන ඒමට වර්තමාන රජයේ කැබිනට්ටුව පවා අවසර නොදී තිබෙන පසුබිමක  ප්‍රජාතන්ත්‍ර විරෝධීව ඒවා සම්මත කර ගන්නට උත්සාහ කරන්නේ ඇයිද යන්න විමසිය යුතුය. මෙම පනත් මගින් රජයේ ඉඩම් පදාන පත්‍ර මගින් ජනතාව සතු කර ඇති ඉඩම් වල පරම අයිතිය ප්‍රදානය කරලීමට නීති සැකසේ .  මෙම ඉඩම් ගොවි පන්තියේ ඉඩම් කියාද හඳුන්වා දී ඇත. ගොවි පන්තියේ ඉඩම් බෙදා දීමට කටයුතු කරන ලද්දේ ජනපද කරණයත් සමගිනි. ඔවුන් එම ඉඩම් අස්වැදදීමකින් තොරව විකුණා දැමීම නවත්වාලීමට දිසාපති ගේ අවසරය මත පමණක් තම පසු අයිතිය දරුවන්ට හිමිවන පැවරුමක් කරලන්නට මෙහිදී ඉඩක් ලබා දී ඇත. දැන් ජනපද වල ට දිගු අතීතයක් තිබේ. ඒවායේ දෙවනි හෝ තුන්වන පරම්පරාවන් ද  ඒවා භුක්ති විඳිති. වර්තමාන නාගරීකරණය මත ඒවායින් ඉවත් වීමටද ඉඩම් විකිණීමටද අවශ්‍යතාවය තරුණ පරම්පරාවට ඇත. එයට හේතුව මෑතකදී සිට ගොවිතැන දිගින් දිගටම අ‍ධෛර්ය කරලීමට රජය මගින් කටයුතු කරලීමයි. වී වලට නිසි මිලක් නොමැති වීම. අතර මැදියන් විසින් ගසා කෑම රසායනික වස විස මගින් ඉඩම් නිසරු වීම ජලය හිඟ වීම මෙන්ම වකුගඩු රෝග සහ වෙනත් මාරාන්තික රෝග නිසා ගොවිතැන අත් හැරීමේ ප්‍රවණතාවය සීදු වී තිබේ. බස්නාහිර පළාතේ කුරණෑගල දිසිත්‍රික්කයේ මහනුවර මාතලේ දිස්ත්‍රික්කවලද ඒ තත්ත්වය සීඝ්‍රයෙන් වර්ධනය වේ. මෙවැනි සුබිමක් තුළ ඉඩම් වල පරම අයිතිය ප්‍රදානය කරලීම පිළිබඳව විශ්ලේෂණාත්මකව සිතා බැලිය යුතුය.

        මේ අතර ඇමරිකාව විසින් වර්තමාන රජය සමග අත්සන් කලීමට යෝජිත සෝෆා සහ මිලේනියම් චැලේන්ජ් ගිවිසුම් හරහා කොළඹ සිට ත්‍රිකුණාමලයටත් කොළඹ සිට හම්බන්තොටත් විශාල ආර්ථික කොරිඩෝවක් නිර්මාණය කරලීමේ අභිප්‍රායෙන් පසු වේ. මේ  කොරිඩෝව සදහා ඉඩම් ලබා ගැනීමට සිදු වන්නේ ජනතාවගෙනි. ඉඩම් වලින් නිදහස් වී නාගරීකරණයට ලොල් වන ගමේ තරුණයාට මෙය හොඳ අවස්ථාවකි. ඔහු තම පියාට ලැබුණු  ගොවි පන්තියේ ඉඩම් විකුණා දමනු ඇත. එවිට ගොවිතැනත් ඉඩමත් දෙකම මෙම භූමිපුත්‍රයන්ට  නැති වේ. මේ උප්පපරවැට්ටිය අලුත පැමිණී දෙයක් නොවේ. විහාරගම් දේවාලගම් ආඥ පනත ගෙනවුත් රජයේ මැදිහත් වීම එයට ඇති කල  ඉංග්‍රීසි ආණ්ඩුව 1870 අංක 04 සේවා භුක්ති ආඥා පනත හඳුන්වා දුන්හ. එය ඉදිරිපත් කරනු ලැබූවේ විහාරගම් වල ඉඩම් අස්වැද්දූ ගොවියන් ඉන් නිදහස් කරලීමටයි. ඉඩමෙන් නිදහස් වීමේ ප්‍රීතිය නිසා සුද්දන්ගේ මේ පනතට කිසිවෙක් විරුද්ධ නොවූහ. නමුත් අවසානයේ දී සිදු වූයේ දහස් ගණන් ඉඩම් කැලෑවට යට වීමයි. එසේම දළදා මාළිගය නාථ දේවාලය  මල්වතු අස්ගිරි මහා විහාරය සතු ඉඩකඩම් රාශියක් මුස්ලිම් ජනතාව විසින් බදු වශයෙන් ලබා ගෙන පසුව සින්නක්කරවම අයිති කර ගැනීමයි.සේවා භුක්තිකයන් ගේ මේ තත්ත්වය නිදහස් අධ්‍යාපන පනතින් පසු නිවරදි කිරීමට ඉඩ තිබුණු නමුත් එලෙස සිදු නොවුණි.

        ඉඩම් විශේෂ පනතේ මුල් කොටුම්පත් බිහි වන්නේ අද ඊයේ නොවේ 1996 වැනි ඈත කාලයකදී බව මතක් කළ යුතුය .1996 මාර්තු මාසයේ දී ලෝක බැංකුව විසින් ලංකා ආණ්ඩුව වෙත වැවිලි නොවන භෝග ක්ෂේත්‍රය සඳහා ප්‍රතිපත්ති විකල්ප නමින් නිර්දේශ වාර්තාවක් ඉදරිපත් කර තිබුණි.එම වාර්තාවේ අර්ථය වූයේ ලංකාවේ ගොවීන් කුඩා ඉඩම් කැබලි වල වී වගාව වැනි මිල අඩු භෝග වගා කරමින් සිටින අතර මිල වැඩි අපනයන භෝග කරා වහා මාරු විය යුතු බවත්ය. එයට සුදුසු පියවර වන්නේ ඉඩම් වෙළෙද පළ නිදහස් කිරීම යනුවෙන් එහි දක්වා තිබුණි.නිදහස් ඉඩම් වෙළෙඳ පළක් බිහි කරලනු වස් දැනට මෙම ඉඩම් විකිණීමට ඇති සියලු බාධක ඉවත් කළ යුතු බවට එහි කියා තිබුණී.ඉන්පසු පැවති කාල වකවානුවේ දී ලෝක බැංකුවේ විශේෂඥ කණ්ඩායමක් ජෙසිකා මොට් නම් කාන්තාවගේ නායකත්වය යටතේ ලංකාව තුළ සිටිමින් සැලසුම් සකස් කළහ. චන්ද්‍රිකා බණ්ඩාරනායක ජනාපතිනිය අවදියේ දී  රනිල් වික්‍රමසිංහ මහතා අගමැති වූ කාල වකවානුවේ දී ලෝක බැංකුව විසින් තම ණය කෙන්දේසි පිට මේ පනත් ගෙන ආ යුතු යැයි රජයට බලපෑම කළහ. එම කාලයේ දී පැවති සංවර්ධන සමුලුවෙන් පසුව  එම රජය යලි පුබුදමු ශ්‍රී ලංකා නමින් සැලැස්මක් සකස් කළහ. ශ්‍රී ලංකාවේ දිළිඳු භාවය අඩු කිරීම සඳහා උපාය මාර්ගයන් වර්ධනය කිරීම සමග සම්බන්ධ කිරීමව මෙහි අරමුණ බව එහි සඳහන් වෙයි. ඉඩම් හිමිකම් පනත මතුව ආයේ එලෙසිනි.කෙසේ වතත් එම අවදියේ දී එවැනි පනත් සම්මත කර ලීමට ආණ්ඩුවට නොහැකි විය.

     ඇමරිකානු ආධාර යටතේ කොටි ත්‍රස්ත ව්‍යාපාර ශක්තිමත් වූයේ මෙවැනි යටත් විජිත ප්‍රවණතාවයන් හි මූල බීජ වැපිරීමටයි. 2009 දී කොටි ව්‍යාපාරය අවසන් වූවායනි පසුව  ඇමරිකාවේ යටත් විජිත න්‍යාය පත්‍රය ඉදිරියට ගෙන යෑම ප්‍රශ්ණයක්  විය. රට තුල දෙමළ ජාතිවාදය වැපිරීමට අවස්ථාව නැති වය. මහින්ද රජපක්ෂ රජය තුළ කෙතරම් අඩුපාඩු තිබුණද මේ දෙමළ ජාතිවාදය  විශේෂයෙන්ම දෙමළ දෙශපාලඥයන්ගේ ජාතිවාදය ඉස්මතු කරලීමට අවස්ථාව හීන විය. ඒ නිසා තමන්ගේ ඒජන්තයා වන රනිල් වික්‍රමසිංහ ලවා කළ කුමන්ත්‍රණයකින් පසු ඇමරිකා ඔත්තු සේවාවන් විසින් එම රජය පෙරළා දැමිණි. එසේම ජිනීවා වලදී බොරු යුධ අපරාධ චෝදනා ඉදිරිපත් කරන ලද්දේ ද ඇමරිකාවයි.ඒ මගින් ලක් රජයේ අත කරකවා ඇමරිකන් අවශ්‍යතාව ඉෂ්ට සිද්ධ කරගැනීමට මාන බැලීය නමුත් දිනෙන් දින වර්ධනය වූ මහජන විරෝධය මත යහපාලන රජය අසාර්ථක අඩියට පත් වී තිබේ. ජනතාව වෙනසක් බලාපොරෙත්තු වෙමින් සිටී. සහරාන් වැනි මුස්ලිම් අන්තවාදීන් ලවා පාස්කු ප්‍රහාරය ඇමරිකාව විසින් සැලසුම් කරන්නට ඇත්තේ මේ නිසාය. එය සුලු සිද්දියකින් නිමා කරන්නට සැලසුම් කළද විශාල සිද්දියක් බවට පත් විය. වර්තමාන ඇමරිකන් තානාපතිනිය මේවාට සෘජුව සම්බන්ධ බවට තිබෙන කටකතා බොරුවක් වන්නට බැරිය.ඉතා සුලු සිද්දියක් බලාපොරොත්තු වූ බව හිටපු ආරක්ෂක ලේකම් ගේ කටින් පිටවූයේ මේ පසුබිම මත්තේය.මේ සියල්ලගේ ම අරමුණ වූයේ ඇමරිකන් නව යටත් විජිත කරණයට අවශ්‍ය පනත් කීපයක් පාර්ලිමේන්තුව මගින් සම්මත කර ගැනීමයි.ඒ සඳහා අද රජයේ භෞතික සැලසුම් දෙපාර්තමේන්තුව වක්‍ර ආකාරයෙන් සම්බන්ධ කර ගෙන තිබේ. එම ආයතනය හරහා ආර්ථික කොරිඩෝ න්‍යාය ගැසට් කරගන්නට සූදානම් වෙමින් පවතී.

      මේ අතර ඇමරිකන් හමුදාවලට ලක් පොලවේ රිසි ලෙස හැදිරීමට හැකි ඇක්සා නමින් ගිවිසුමත් පිලිබඳ අපට අසන්නට ලැබේ. එසේම ලංකාවේ විශ්‍රාමික හමුදා නිළධාරින්ට මෙන්ම ශක්තිමත් හොඳ තරුණයන්ට මේ ඇමරිකන් හමුදා මගින් කරන ඉඳි කිරීම් ව්‍යපෘති වල සිකුරිට සහ කම්කරු කම් ලබාදෙන්නටද අන්තර් ජාලය හරහා ඇප් එකක් විවෘත කර තිබේ.ඇමරිකන් ගාඩ් නමින් ඒ සඳහා සමාගමක්ද හෝර්ටන් පෙදෙසේ පිහිටුවා තිබෙන බව අන්තර්ජාලයේ දක්වා තිබේ. මෙයින් අපට පොනී යන්නේ මේ රට බියකුරු අගාධයකට ඇදගෙන යෑමට වර්තමාන පාලකයන් අවශ්‍ය සෑම දෙයක්ම කිරීමට පසුබට නොවන බවයි. මෙරට භූමිපුත්‍රයන්ට සැබෑ ලෙසටම ඉඩම් හිමිකම් තහවුරු කරලිය හැක්කේ වර්ෂ 1800 පමණ සිට පැවතගෙන පැමිණි යටත් විජිත පනත් විමර්ශනාත්මකව වෙනස් කරලීමෙන් පසුවයි. එසේ නොමැතිව ඇමරිකන් න්‍යාය පත්‍ර වලට මෙරට ඉඩම් වෙළෙඳ පළ සක්‍රීය කරලීමට ඉඩ හැරීම භයානක ප්‍රතිඵල ලබා දෙන්නකි.

මතුගම සෙනෙවිරුවන්

The state land (Special Provisions) bill

July 17th, 2019

By Neville Ladduwahetty Courtesy The Island

It has been reported that the State Land (Special Provisions) Bill, tabled in Parliament on 28 June, sought approval for passing necessary provisions for awarding the sole right to state land held by citizens.

The government is reported to have said that the Bill will benefit the people who have only been residing in lands with a permit and unable to submit it as collateral in obtaining a bank loan. The Bill also aims at allowing the people have been living on permit lands since the 1920s to obtain the absolute right to their lands and also to pass them to their children”. 

Changes to Sri Lanka’s land laws introduced through the State Land (Special Provisions) Bill is one of the key programms conducted by the grant of $480 million given through the Millenium Challenge Corporation (MCC)”.

THE BILL

The Bill is “AN ACT TO GRANT ABSOLUTE TITLE TO STATE LAND HELD BY CITIZENS WHO ARE HOLDERS OF GRANTS OR INSTRUMENTS OF DISPOSITION; AND TO PROVIDE FOR MATTERS CONNECTED THEREWITH OR INCIDENTAL THERETO”.

The Act is to be in operation for seven years.

According Part I Section 3, the provisions of the Act shall apply to persons who are holders of (i) a grant under the Land Development Ordinance; (ii) an instrument of disposition under Land Grants (Special Provisions) Act; (iii) an instrument of disposition under Crown Lands Ordinance for agricultural purposes provided that they have held the Land “for more than ten years immediately prior to the appointed date of this Act.

However, according to Section 4, the Act shall not apply to Land (i) over one thousand five hundred and twenty-four meters above mean sea level; (ii) declared as development areas; (iii) within reservations or protected areas; (iv) vested in any Local Authority; (v) declared by the Minister; (vi) any settlement programme.

According to Part II, applications for eligibility would be reviewed by a Committee made up of fifteen Secretaries of related Ministries and five ex-officio Members such as the Land Commissioner who shall be the Chairman of the Committee, the Surveyor General, the Registrar General of Lands and nominees of the President and the Prime Minister. The Committee would be assisted by administrative arrangements such as Sub-Committees and Boards to review objections that are normal to finalizing the report of the Committee for submission to the Minister for Lands who in turn is expected to forward it to the President for issuance of the Absolute Land Grants.

IMPACT of the BILL

The procedure outlined above enables the identification of persons who are entitled to receive Absolute Land Grants. Since it applies only to recipients of Lands already granted under existing provisions of Land Development Ordinance, Land Grants (Special Provisions) Act and Crown Lands Ordinance, records as to how many would be eligible to apply for Absolute Land Grants are available to the government.

Of this total, a certain proportion would have benefitted from existing schemes, while others could find the asset a burden due to personal reasons. Therefore, while the proposed Bill would benefit both groups, the latter group would likely be inclined to sell the asset and be relieved of the burden. Since such an opportunity does not exist under existing provisions, the Bill would prove to be a pleasant windfall to the latter group because an Absolute Land Grant would now entitle them to use the Land Grant as collateral to raise a loan or sell it outright.

Of the two groups, if the group that finds the asset a burden is proportionately larger than the group that benefitted from the asset, there is a strong possibility for investors to exploit the situation. The argument advanced in favour of the Bill is that access to Land by investors would enable hitherto unproductive Land to be made productive. However, a counter argument that is compelling is that since State Land belongs to the Republic and therefore to the People, the Bill would privilege those that are granted Absolute Title at the expense of others and therefore would be discriminatory (Article 12). However, the most compelling counter argument is that it would violate the sovereignty of the People (Article 3; an entrenched Article whose amendment requires a special majority) because ALL LAND and ALL its RESOURCES BELONG to ALL the PEOPLE of SRI LANKA as part of their sovereignty that is inalienable, and that governments hold Land in TRUST as determined by the Supreme Court in several instances.

Therefore, Land cannot be granted to anyone outright without a two-third approval of Parliament and approval by the People at a Referendum. Until such approvals are secured it is imperative that unproductive Land is leased to investors on the same basis that currently exists.

SUPREME COURT JUDGMENTS RELATING to LAND

S.C. 884/99 BULANKULAMA AND OTHERS v. SECRETARY, MINISTRY OFINDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT AND OTHERS (EPPAWELA CASE

AMERASINGHE. J.

Jurisdiction

“The Constitution declares that sovereignty is in the People and is inalienable. (Article 3). Being a representative democracy, the powers of the People are exercised through persons who are for the time being entrusted with certain functions. The Constitution states that the legislative power of the People shall be exercised by Parliament, the executive power of the People shall be exercised by the P resident of Sri Lanka, and the judicial power of the People shall be exercised, inter alia, through the Courts created and established by the Constitution (Article 4)”.

“The organs of State are guardians to whom the people have committed the care and preservation of the resources of the people. This accords not only with the scheme of government set out in the Constitution but also with the high and enlightened conceptions of the duties of our rulers, in the efficient management of resources in the process of development, which the Mahavamsa, 68.8-13, set forth”.

S.C. Appeal No. 21/13 S.C. Spl. LA 203/12 CA/PHC/Appeal No. 37/2001 HC/CP Certi. 42/97

SRIPAVAN. J.

“Paragraph 1.3 above, deals with alienation or disposition of “State Land” within a province upon an advice made by such Provincial Council. It cannot be construed that the advice tendered by the Provincial Council binds the President. However, it must be emphasized that if the President after an opinion or advice given, decides to dispose of the State Land, such disposal has to be in compliance with the laws enacted by Parliament” (p. 10).

“Shirani A. Bandaranayake, J. too in the Determination of the Bill titled “Land Ownership” [S.D. No. 26/2003 – 36/2003 Determination dated10th December 2003] noted as follows: “With the passing of the Thirteenth Amendment to the Constitution, such Constitutional power vested with the President was qualified by virtue of paragraph 1:3 of Appendix II to the Ninth Schedule to the Constitution. By such provision the authority for alienation or disposition of the State land within a province to any citizen or to any organization was yet vested with the President…….. In effect, even after the establishment of Provincial Councils in 1987, State land continued to be vested in the Republic and disposition could be carried out only in accordance with Article 33(d) of the Constitution read with 1:3 of Appendix II to the Ninth Schedule to the Constitution” (p. 11).

CONCLUSION

If, as stated by Amerasinghe. J. “The organs of State are guardians to whom the people have committed the care and preservation of the resources of the people…” and State Land is vested in the Republic as determined by other Justices cited above, it is crystal clear that State Land is an inalienable right of the sovereignty of the People. In view of this undeniable and uncontestable fact, it is a violation of the inalienable rights of all the People for any government to legislate granting Absolute Land Grants to some of the People, an asset that belongs to all without due process of two-third approval of Parliament and approval of the People at a Referendum.

Whether the need to initiate a Bill for approval by Parliament was motivated by the agenda of the Millennium Challenge Corporation Compact or not, is not the issue. The issue is that an Act that affects an asset that is an integral part of the sovereignty of ALL the People and held in trust by elected representatives of governments should not be passed by a simple majority but ONLY by a special majority of two-third approval of Parliament and approval by the People at a Referendum.

Neville Ladduwahetty

July 16, 2019.

2019 ජුලි 18-19 කැඳවා ඇති ගුරු-විදුහල්පති වෘත්තීය කි‍්‍රයාමාර්ගයට සම්බන්ධ නොවීම

July 17th, 2019

මාධ්‍ය නිවේදනයයි

ගුරු-විදුහල්පති වෘත්තීය සමිති සන්ධානය නමින් සමාජ ජාලවල හා දිවයිනේ පාසල් කිහිපයක අත් පති‍්‍රකා බෙදාහරිමින් 2019 ජුලි 18/19 දෙදින ගුරු-විදුහල්පතිවරුන්ගේ අසනීප නිවාඩු වාර්තා කිරීමේ කි‍්‍රයාමාර්ගයක් පිළිබඳව ප‍්‍රචාරය කරමින් සිටී. එම වෘත්තීය කි‍්‍රයාමාර්ගයට පහත සඳහන් වෘත්තීය සමිති කිසිවක් සම්බන්ධ නොවන බව දැනුම් දෙමු.

මාර්තු 13 දින අප සියලූ සංගම් එක්ව සාර්ථක එක්දින වැඩ වර්ජනයක් කි‍්‍රයාත්මක කළ අතර, එහි ඊ ළඟ පියවර ලෙස මැයි 9, 10 දෙදින වැඩ වර්ජනයක් ප‍්‍රකාශ කළ ද රටේ පැවති අර්බුදකාරී තත්වය තුළ එය අත්හිටුවීමට සිදු විය. එහෙත් ගුරු-විදුහල්පති වැටුප් විෂමතා ඉවත් කර ගැනීම ඇතුළු ඉල්ලීම් මුල්කරගත් අපගේ අරගලය ඉදිරියට ගෙනයාම සම්බන්ධයෙන් කටයුතු කරමින් තිබියදී එය කඩාකප්පල් කිරීමට මෙලෙස කිසියම් කණ්ඩායමක් හිටිහැටියේ වෘත්තීය කි‍්‍රයාමාර්ගයක් ප‍්‍රකාශ කර තිබීම කනගාටුදායක තත්වයකි.

ගුරු-විදුහල්පති වැටුප් විෂමතා ඉවත් කර ගැනීම ඇතුළු ඉල්ලීම් දිනා ගැනීම වෙනුවෙන් වූ අරගලයේ ඉදිරි කි‍්‍රයාමාර්ග ජුලි 21 දින අප සියලූ සංගම් ඒකාබද්ධව ප‍්‍රකාශයට පත් කරන බව වැඩදුරටත් ප‍්‍රකාශ කරමු.

* මහින්ද ජයසිංහලංකා ගුරුසේවා සංගමය
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වසන්ත ධර්මසිරිඅධ්යාපන වෘත්තිකයින්ගේ සංගමය
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එස්. ජී. එම්. සමරකෝන්සමස්ත ලංකා ගුරු උපදේශකවරුන්ගේ සංගමය
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දයාරත්න පටබැදිපොදු ගුරු වෘත්තිකයන්ගේ සංගමය
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පියසිරි රනාන්දුලංකා විදුහල්පති සංගමය
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සුනිල් පේරමතිලකවිදුහල්පති සේවා සංගමය  
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සරත් කහගල්ලස්වාධින ලංකා ගුරු සංගමය
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ඩබ්. ඩබ්. ජේ. එල්. එච්. රොවෙල්පුහුණු විද්යාපීඨ හා උපාධිධාරි ගුරු සංධානය
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නිර්මලා ගමගේකතෝලික ගුරු සංගමය
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. ඩී. කමල්ඩීන්රී ලංකා රජාතරන්තවාදී ගුරු සංගමය
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මීගහජඳුරේ සීලානන් හිමිපිරිවෙන් ගුරුසේවා සංගමය
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එස්. ජේයරාජ්නැගෙනහිර පළාත් දෙමළ ගුරු සංගමය
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ජෝෂප් ස්ටාලින්ලංකා ගුරු සංගමය
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යල්වෙල පක්ඤ්ඤාසේකර හිමිසමස්ථ ලංකා එක්සත් ගුරුසංගමය
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මයුර සේනානායකලංකා රගති ගුරු සංගමය
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චන්දිමාල් විජේරත්නලංකා ස්වාධීන ගුරු සේවා සංගමය
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මොහාන් පී. වීරසිංහරී ලංකා ජාතික විදුහල්පති සංගමය
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ජගත් ආනන්ද සිල්වාස්වාධින අධ්යාපන සේවක සංගමය
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වසන්ත වීරක්කොඩිවිදුහල්පති වෘත්තිකයන්ගේ සංගමය  
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එන්. ටී. එස්. නාදන්ගුරු විමුක්ති පෙරමුණ  
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එස්. රවින්ද්රන්කදුරට ගුරු පෙරමුණ
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ආර්. සංකර් මණිවන්නන්රී ලංකා අධ්යාපන සමාජ සම්මේලනය  
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ජී. අයි. එන්. බණ්ඩාරජාතික ගුරු සභාව
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ඩී. එන්.  ඕපාතශ්රේණිධාරි විදුහල්පති සේවා සංගමය
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ආර්. එම්. චුලරත්නකෘෂි විද්යා, ගෘහ විද්යා, ඩිප්ලෝමාධාරි සංගමය
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ආර්. නෙල්සන් මෝහන්රාජ්ජනතා ගුරු සංගමය

සම්බන්ධීකරණයමහින්ද ජයසිංහ 071 8297022 – 0777 685038
ජෝශප් ස්ටාලින් – 071 8148868
Contact – Mahinda Jayasinghe +9471 8297022 – +94777 685038
Joseph Stalin – +9471 8148868

SRI LANKA: මරණ දඩුවම අහෝසි කිිරීම පිළිබඳ නීති කෙටුම්පත

July 17th, 2019

බැසිල් රනාන්දු the Asian Human Rights Commission

මරණීය දණ්ඩනය අහෝසි කිරීම පිළිබඳව නීති කෙටුම්පතක් ගැසට් කරන බවට ඇති අනාවරණය සතුටට කරුණකි. එය ලෝකයේ බොහෝ රටවල් අශිෂ්ඨ යැයි පිළිගන්නා කරටි මවේදයක් ලංකාව තුළද පිළිගැනෙන බවට පරරී කාශයකි. ඒ නිසා මෙය ලංකාවේ නීති කරි් මය සම්බන්ධයෙන් තීරණාත්මක වෙනසක් ඇති කළ හැකි අවස්ථාවකි.

එහෙත් මෙම අවස්ථාවේදී සලකා බලා පිළියම් යෙදිය යුතු තවත් බරපතල පරලී ශ්නයක් ඇත. එනම් අපරාධ කිරීම පිළිබඳව සමාජය තුළ බියක් හා අකමැත්තක් වර්ධනය කරන්නේ කෙසේද යන පරරා ශ්නයයි. මරණීය දණ්ඩනයට පක්ෂව ගෙන ගිය වංක සිතිවිලි ධාරාව පදනම් වී තිබුනේ එය බරපතල අපරාධ සම්බන්ධයෙන් බියක් ඇති කළ හැකිය යන මතයයි. එහෙත් එම මතය පදනම් විරහිත බව දැන් ලෝකයේ බොහෝ රටවල පිළිගෙන හමාරය. එහෙත් මේ රටවල් හා ලංකාව අතර ඇති පර්බ ධාන වෙනස නම් අපරාධය පිළිබඳව බයක් ඇති කරන හා අකමැත්තක් ඇති කරන නෛතික විධිකර්න මයක් රටතුළ තවම පැළපදියම් කර නොමැති බවය. මේ නිසා මහා අපරාධ කිරීම කෙරෙහි පවා බොහෝ දෙනා යොමු වන්නේ ඒවායින් අනිසි පරයය තිපලයක් නොලැබෙන්නේය යන පූර්ව නිගමනය මතය. මෙසේ මහා අපරාධ ගණයට ඉතා පළල්ව පැතුරුනු කුඩු වෙළදාම ද, දරුණු තරර් ස්තවාදය ද, එම තරාි ස්තවාදයන් මර්දනය කිරීමේදී ඊටත් වඩා දරුණු ආකාරයෙන් හැසිරීම ද, රාජ්යස නිළධාරීන්ගේ සිරිත් විරිත් ද, වංචාව සහ දූෂණය යන දෙකේදී දේශපාලනඥයන් පවා කිසිදු පැකිලීමකින් තොරව කිරීමද ආදී සියල්ල බැඳී පවතී.

අපරාධ නීතිය මගින් අපරාධ කිරීම පිළිබඳව බියක් හා අකමැත්තක් ඇති කිරීම මූලික සමාජ පරරා තිපත්තියකි. අපරාධ නීතියත් එය කිරට රයාත්මක කරන විධිකරනඥ මයත් යන සියල්ල සැලසුම් කර ඇත්තේ මෙම අවසාන අරමුණ ඉටු කර ගැනීම සඳහාය. මේ නිසා මෙම අවසාන අරමුණ වෙනුවට එයට හාත්පසින්ම වෙනස් තත්වයක් නිර්මාණය වී තිබේ නම් ඒ පිළිබඳව වහාම සොයා බලා එය නැති කර දැමීමට කිරාතතයා කිරීම සමාජයේ පැවැත්ම පිළිබඳව බලපාන පරළ් ධාන කරුණකි. අපරාධය පිළිබඳව බිය හා අකමැත්ත නැති සමාජය තුළ ඕනෑම වර්ගයක කුරිරු හා දූෂිත කරි් යාමාර්ගයක් ඇති වීමට පමනක් නොව ඒ මගින් සකල සමාජයම විශාල විනාශයකට භාජනය කළ හැකිය. බොහෝ දුරට දැනටමත් එය සිදු වී හමාරය. මේ නිසා අපරාධ නීතියේ දී හා එය කරිා යාත්මක කිරීමේදී වෙනස් කර ගත යුත්තේ කුමක්ද යන්න පිළිබඳව සමාජ කතිකාවක්ද පාලකයන් අතර එකඟත්වයක් ද අත්යාරවශ්යම වේ. එම වෙනස ඇති ගතහොත් එය සමාජයේ ආරක්ෂාව, සුභසාධනය පමනක් නොව ආර්ථික දියුණුව කෙරෙහිද විශාල වශයෙන් බලපාන සාධකයක් වනු ඇත.

අපරාධය පිළිබඳව බියක් හා අකමැත්තක් ඇති කිරීම පිළිබඳව සාකච්ඡුාව අතිශයින්ම දීර්ඝ වුවකි. ඒ පිළිබඳව සාකච්ඡුා කළ යුතු කරුණු විශාල පරබේ මානයක් පවතී. නීති කරකි මය තුළම පැතිරී පවතින විශාල අඩුපාඩුකම් පිළිබඳ සාකච්ඡුාවක් මේ සඳහා අවශ්යි වේ.

එවැනි ගමනක මූලාරම්භය සඳහා පූර්වෝපාය දර්ශනයක් ඉදිරිපත් කිරීම මෙම ලිපියේ අරමුණ වේ. මෙම මූලෝපායාත්මක කරිි යාමාර්ගයේ පර්ශ ධානම කටයුත්ත විය යුතු වන්නේ ඉතා බරපතල සමාජ විනාශයක් ඇති කරන නඩු පමාව පිළිබඳ පරහා ශ්නය නිරාකරණය කර ගැනීමය. මේ පරමත ශ්නය නිරාකරණය වුවහොත් නීතිය කඩන්නන්ට අනිවාර්යෙන්ම ද`ඩුවම් පැමිණවීම ඉතා කෙටි කාලයක් තුළ කෙරෙන බව පිළිබඳ විශ්වාසය සමාජය තුළ ධාරණය වනු ඇත.

මේ පිළිබඳව විශාල දාර්ශනික සාකච්ඡුාවක් යුරෝපය පුරා 18 වන ශත වර්ෂයේ පැතිර ගොස් තිබුණි. එයට පදනම සැලසුනේ විද්යා්වේ දියුණුවත්, විද්යාමවේ දියුණුව මත සමාජයේ බොහෝ කරුණු නැවත සලකා බලා ඒවා වෙනස් කර ගැනීමට තිබුණු වාතාවරණයකදීය. මෙහිදී විචාරකයන් පෙන්වා දුන්නේ සමාජය පුරාම බුද්ධිය පදනම් වී හා විද්යායව පදනම් වී සියලූ කටයුතු සිදු වන නමුත් අධිකරණ කිර් ායාවලිය තුළ ඒ වනවිටත් පැවතියේ ඉතා පසුගාමී වූ දර්ශනවාදයක් හා කිරුරකයාකාරිත්වයක් බවය. 

එම සාකච්ඡුා වූ කරුණු අතර පර්ි බලව පැන නැගුණු මතයක් නම් අපරාධ මර්දනයට හේතු වන්නේ දඩුවම් වල බරපතලකම නොව අනිවාර්යයෙන්ම කරන සෑම වැරැුද්දකටම, අනිවාර්ය දඩුවමක් කෙටි කාලයක් තුළ ලැබෙන බව පිළිබඳව මහජන මතයක් ඇති වීම මගින් බවය. මහජන මත හුදු කතා වලින් ඇති නොවේ. එය ඇති වන්නේ පරාම යෝගිකව සමාජය තුළ කෙරෙන දේවල් බලා එම අත්දැකීම් තුළ කොපමන සාර්ථකව අපරාධ කරුවන් හඳුනාගැනීම හා ඔවුන්ට ද`ඩුවම් දීම කාර්්යීක්ෂම ආකාරයකින් කෙරෙනවාද යන්න පිළිබඳව ඇති අත්දැකීම් මතය. අත්දැකීම් තුළින් ඇති වන මානසික තත්ත්වය තුළින් අපරාධය පිළිබඳව බයක් හා අකමැත්තක් ඇති වුවහොත් එය පරම්පරාවෙන් පරම්පරාවට එම සමාජය තුළ වඩ වඩාත් මුල් බැස ගනී.

දැනට සිදු වන්නේ අපරාධයට දඩුවම් දීම සිදු නොවන්නට බොහෝ දුරට ඉඩ ඇති බව, එසේ දඩුවම් දෙන අවස්ථාවක් ඇති වුවත් එසේ සිදු වන්නේ අපරාධය සිදු වී දශකයන් දෙකකට ආසන්න කාලයක් තුළ බවත්ය යන අත්දැකීමෙනි. නඩුවක් නඩුවක් පාසා මෙම පණිවිඩය සමාජ ගත වෙයි. හෙට අනිද්දාට වරදට ද`ඩුවමක් බලාපොරොත්තු නොවිය යුතුය යන අදහස වඩාත් ජනතාවගේ සිත් වලට කිඳා බසී. යම් අපරාධයක් පිළිබඳව අධිකරණයට යාම ඔහු දන්නා අය අතර ඉතා ඉක්මනින් පතලව යයි. එසේ ඔවුන් දන්නා අය අතර ඇති වන දැනගැනීම තව විශාල කණ්ඩායම් අතරට යයි. මේ ආකාරයෙන් සමස්ථ සමාජය පුරාම පැතිර පවතින මූලික අදහස වී ඇත්තේ අපරාධයට දඩුවම අනිවාර්යයෙන්ම සිදු නොවිය හැකි බවත් හා එසේ දඩුවමක් පැමිණ වෙන්නේ නම් එය කලකට පසුව පමනක් සිදුවන බවත්ය. ඒ වන විට එසේ අපරාධය පිළිබඳව පවතින මතය පවා බොහෝ අවස්ථා වලදී අමතක වී ගොස්ය. මේ නිසා අපරාධයට දෙන ද`ඩුවම මගින් ඇතිකළ හැකි මානසික බලපෑම අතිශයින් අල්පය.

මෙයම දැනට පරස් කාශයට පත් කර ඇති තවත් නීති කෙටුම්පතක් නම් නඩු ඉක්මන් කිරීමට පනතක් යැයි රජයේ පරස් කාශකයන් පර්ප කාශ කර ඇතත් එම පනතේ අඩංගු වී ඇත්තේ මොනවාද , මෙසේ නඩු ඉක්මනින් අසා අවසන් කිරීමට ගෙන ඇති පියවරයන් මොනවාද යන්න මහජනතාව විසින් ඉතා ඕනෑකමින් අසා දැන ගත යුතුව ඇත. එසේ අසා දැන ගැනීම තුළින් යෝජිත කිරතේකයාමාර්ගයන් යෝජිත අරමුණු සමඟ ගැලපෙනවාද නැද්ද යන්න පිළිබඳව මහජන මතය පරතේ කාශයට පත් කිරීමට මෙය අවස්ථාවක් කර ගත හැකිය. නඩු පමාව නැති කිරීම විසඳන්නට යන්නේ හුදෙක්ම පරිපාලන බලපෑම් ඔස්සේ නම් එය සාර්ථක කිරන. යාමාර්ගයක් නොවනු ඇත. පනතක් නැති වුවත් මේ ආකාරයෙන් නඩු ඉක්මන් කිරීම පිළිබඳ විශාල බලපෑම් දැන් කාලයක් පුරාම පවතී. එහෙත් ඒවායින් ලැබී ඇති පරලප තිඵල තිබුණු තත්ත්වයටත් වඩා නරක ඒවා මිස ඇති සැබෑ ගැටලූ විසඳීම කරා යොමු වී නැත. උදාහරණයක් වශයෙන් පරිපාලන බලපෑම් ඔස්සේ නඩු ඉක්මන් කිරීම පිළිබඳ පරාය ශ්නය නිසා බොහෝ විට අපරාධයකට දිය යුතු ද`ඩුවම වෙනුවට ඊට වඩා අඩු දඩුවමක් හෝ දඩුවමක් නැති ආකාරයකින් නඩුවක් අවසාන කිරීම සම්බන්ධව පළපුරුදු ගණනාවක් දැන් නීති පද්ධතියට ඇතුල් වී ඇත. බරපතල මිනිමැරීම් නඩු වලදී පවා වරද පිළිගැනීම යන පර්ධ ශ්නය සලකා අතිශයින් අඩු දඩුවම් පැමිණවීමේ පොරොන්දු දීම සිදුවන්නේ් අල්ප වශයෙන් නොවේ. මෙහි පරිශ තිඵලය වන්නේ වංචාකාරයාට එයින් ගැලවීමට මාවතක් සාදා දීම මතය.

තමන් කරන ලද අපරාධයේ බරපතලකම අනුව උපරිම දඩුවමක් ලැබේය යන බයෙන් අධිකරණයට පැමිණෙන අපරාධ කරුවෙක් එම තත්වයෙන් ගැලවීම සඳහා ඔහුට අත්හිටවූ ද`ඩුවමක් හෝ ඔහුට සුළු දඩුවමක් දීමේ පොරොන්දුව මත නඩුවට වැරදි කරුවෙකු වීමට හෝ වෙනත් ආකාරයකින් සමථයකට පත් වීමට යෝජනා කළ විට ඔහු එය දකින්නේ තමුන්ට ලැබුනු මහඟු තෑග්ගක් ලෙසය. ඉන්පසු අවස්ථාවකදී ඔහු එවැනිම අපරාධයක් කිරීමට පෙළඹීම නතර වන්නේ නැත. මන්දයත් එසේ කිරීමෙන් පසු ඒවායෙන් ගැලවීම සඳහා ඇති මාවත් ඔහු හොඳින් හඳුනාගන්නා නිසාය.

මේ නිසා හුදු පරිපාලනමය බලපෑම් කිරීමේ කරාය මය වෙනුවට නඩු පමාවට හේතු වන පරඟු ධාන කරුණු රාශියක් විසඳිය යුතුව ඇත. මේ අතර ඉතා පර්ත ධානම තැනක් ගත යුතු වන්නේ සෑම අධිකරණයක් තුළම අද පවතින තාක්ෂණික පහසුකම් උපරිම මට්ටමින් පවත්වා ගෙන යාමට දැරිය යුතු වියදම් දරා ඒ තුළ ඇති කරන කර්ී මයකිනි. එවැනි කරුා මයක් පිළිගැනීම මුලින් පරඳි තික්ෂේප විය හැකි නමුත් නීතියක් මගින් එය කිරකකරයාත්මක කරවන්නේ නම් එම අලූත් අත්දැකීමට ඊට අදාළ සියල්ලෝම පුරුදු වනු ඇත. මෙම කරුණට අතනොගසා වෙනත් ආකාර වලින් නඩු පමාව නැති කරන්නේය යන මතයක් ඇති කළහොත් එය බොරුවකි.

අලූත් පනත් මගින් ඒ පනතේ ඇති තේමාව වෙනුවට ඊට හාත්පසින්ම වෙනස් තේමාවන් ඉදිරිපත් කිරීමද ලංකාවේ පුරුද්දක් බවට පත් වී ඇත. ජාත්යඩන්තර සිවිල් හා දේශපාලන අයිතිවාසිකම් පිළිබඳ පනත එනම් ICCPR යනුවෙන් හඳුන්වනු ලබන පනත මෙයට ඉතා කදිම උදාහරණයකි. එම පනත මගින් ICCPR ජාත්යනන්තර සම්මුතියේ අදාළ පරවි ධානම කරුණු අපරාධ වශයෙන් පරළි කාශයට පත් කොට ලංකාවේ නීතියට ඇතුල් කිරීමක් සිදු නොවේ. ඒ වෙනුවට කර ඇත්තේ හුදෙක්ම යම් පරම් කාශන ආගමකට හෝ ජාතියකට විරුද්ධව කෙරුනා යැයි නිගමනය කොට මිනිසුන් අත්අඩංගුවට ගෙන බොහෝ කාලයක් රඳවා තැබීම සඳහා මාවත සකස් කර ගැනීම පමණි.

අපරාධය ඔප්පු කිරීමෙන් පසු දඩුවම් කිරීම වෙනුවට දැන් ලංකාවේ බොහෝ දුරට සිදුවන්නේ අපරාධයට සැක කළ පමනින් මිනිස්සුන්ට දඩුවම් කිරීමය. මෙය සිදුවන්නේ දීර්ඝ කාලීනව ඇප දීම පමා කිරීම තුළය. එසේ ඇප දීම පමා වූ විට මෙම සැක කරුවන්ට දීර්ඝ කාලීනව රිමාන්ඞ් භාරයේ සිටීමට සිදුවේ. ඔවුන්ගේ ජීවන රටාව මුලූමනින්ම නැති කරනවා පමනක් නොව ඔවුන්ගේ පවුල් සම්බන්ධකම් ආදී සියල්ල නැති කරනු ලබන්නේ අපරාධයකට ඔවුන් වැරදිකරුවන් වෙන්නට පර්බ ථමය. මේ ආකාරයෙන් අපරාධ වැළැක්විය නොහැකි බව අතීත කාලය පුරාම දීර්ඝ කාලීනව ඇප නැතිව පුද්ගලයන් රඳවා ගැනීම තුළින් එවැනි පරින තිඵලයක් ඇති නොවීමෙන්ම ඔප්පු වේ.

ඇමති මංගල ඩොලර් කෝටි 600ක් (රුපියල් කෝටි ලක්‍ෂයක්) කොමිස් ගහලා.. ලන්ඩනයේ සුපිරි නිවාස 06ක් අරන්.. සාක්‍ෂි සහිත හෙලිදරවුව මෙන්න…

July 17th, 2019

lanka C news

ඇමති මංගල ඩොලර් කෝටි 600ක් (රුපියල් කෝටි ලක්‍ෂයක්) කොමිස් ගහලා.. ලන්ඩනයේ සුපිරි නිවාස 06ක් අරන්.. සාක්‍ෂි සහිත හෙලිදරවුව මෙන්න…

මුදල් ඇමති මංගල සමරවීර මහතා මෙරට මහ ජනතාවගේ දේපල සුවිශාල වශයෙන් ගසා කෑ දරුණුතම අපරාධකරුවෙක් බව ජාතික සමගියෙන් බලවේගය කැඳවුම්කරු පූජ්‍ය තීනියාවල පාලිත හිමියෝ සඳහන් කරති.

කොළඹදී පැවති මාධ්‍ය හමුවක් අමතමින් උන් වහන්සේ මේ බව සඳහන් කළහ.

මංගල සමරවීර ඇමතිවරයා විසින් සිදුකරන ලද අයථා කොමිස් ගනුදෙනුවලින් පමණක් ලන්ඩනයේ නිවාස 06ක් මිලට ගෙන ඇති බවද සඳහන් කළ උන්වහන්සේ ඉන් එකෙක වටිනාකම පවුම් මිලියන 03 සිට පවුම් මිලියන 18 දක්වා ඉතා ඉහල අගයන් වන බවද කියා සිටියහ.

සමහර දේපල ඇමති මංගල නමින් නොතිබුණද ඒවා ඔහුගේ යැයි ඔප්පු කිරීමට සාධක තමන් සතුව ඇතැයි ද උන්වහන්සේ පැවසූහ.

මීට අමතරව මංගල සමරවීර ඇමතිවරයාගේ සමීපතම ගෝලයන් දෙදෙනකු වන තුසිත හල්ඔලුව සහ සමීර මනහර සියළු හොරකම්වලට සම්බන්ධ නීල මදන හොරුන් බවද උන්වහන්සේ පැවසූහ.

කරුංකා කන්ටේනර් සිය ගානක් හා ගම්ස්මිරිස් කන්ටේනර් සිය ගණනක් ගෙනවිත් ප්‍රතිඅපනය කිරීම් හරහා ඇමති මංගප අයථා මුදල් ඉපයූ බව ද උන්වහන්සේ චෝදනා කළහ.

එතනෝල් කන්ටේනර හයක් කිසිදු බද්දක් නොගෙවා වරායෙන් නිදහස් කරගත් බවද උවන් වහන්සේ කීහ.

මංගල සමරවීර ඇමැතිවරයා විසින් මෙසේ වංචනික ලෙස උපයන ලද මුදල ඩොලර් කෝටි 600ට වඩා වැඩි බවත් කී උන්වහන්සේ තමන් අද පහර දුන්නේ සිල්ලර කාසි වලින් පමණක් බවත් ඉදරියේදී 1000, 5000 කොලවලින් පහර දෙන බවද සදහන් කලහ.

මහජන දේපල මේතරම් ගසා කෑ ලංකා ඉතිහාසයේ දරුණුතම අපරාධකාරයා ඇමැති මංගල සමරවීර බවද උන්වහන්සේ දැඩිව චෝදනා කළහ.

Contradictions

July 17th, 2019

Editorial Courtesy The Island

The yahapalana government is a contradiction in terms in that it consists of politicians who have a history of practising the very antithesis of good governance. Some of the recent utterances of its leaders and their soul mates show how fraught it is with internal contradictions.

Prime Minister Ranil Wickremesinghe has gone on record as saying that the armed forces and the police, acting on his instructions, in the immediate aftermath of the Easter Sunday disaster, eliminated the local agents of the ISIS root and branch, in record time, much to the astonishment of the entire world. All the National Thowheed Jamaath (NTJ) cadres have been either killed or taken into custody, he says. He would have us believe that the credit for the jaw-dropping performance of the police and the military should accrue to him, for President Maithripala Sirisena was not in the country, at that time.

Not to be outdone, President Sirisena insists that he ordered the anti-terror operations, from Singapore, where he was holidaying, at the time of the carnage, the implication of his claim being that he alone deserves the credit for the success of the blitzkrieg, as it were, which brought the situation under control. Both these yahapalana leaders, however, deny the responsibility for the government’s failure to act on an intelligence warning of impending terror strikes. Success has two fathers and failure is an orphan!

Former war-winning Army Commander Field Marshal Sarath Fonseka has struck a discordant note. He insists that the new form of terror is far from over. The ongoing operations to prevent further terror strikes will take at least two to three years, and a campaign to wipe out the entire terror network will last about eight years, he says. His statement runs counter to the claims made by the President and the PM. His detractors accuse him of raising a bogey in a bid to secure the Law and Order Ministry, but the fact remains that he is au fait with anti-terror operations and national security.

The Prime Minister has declared that the State Intelligence has cleared former Minister Rishard Bathiudeen of any wrongdoing as regards the Easter Sunday terror attacks. He is flaunting a police investigation report in support of contention. But the UNP backbenchers have opposed moves to reappoint Bathiudeen a minister. They seem to have doubts about their leader’s claim of Bathiudeen’s innocence. Has the government failed to sell the police reports concerned to its ginger group? It wants police investigations and reports taken seriously lest the people should lose faith in the long arm of the law, but its leaders challenged the results of police investigations into Thajudeen’s death, under the previous government, and subsequent probes proved that it was a murder. So much for the accuracy and credibility of police investigations!

TNA Leader R. Sampanthan, explaining why his party had leapt to the defence of the government when a no-confidence motion was moved against it, the other day, has said that if the UNF administration had fallen, a dictatorship, led by those who committed war crimes, would have emerged. This statement may be considered a damning indictment of the JVP, which moved the no-faith motion. It may be recalled that the JVP joined the TNA in thwarting an attempt to dislodge the present dispensation, last year. The TNA’s latest claim implies that the JVP sought to pave the way for a dictatorship by moving a no-confidence motion against the government, albeit in vain.

The JVP says it will never allow the SLPP to capture power. If its no-confidence motion had been passed, the government would have collapsed or a situation favourable to the SLPP would have arisen much to the detriment of the yahapalana camp. Are the critics of the JVP justified in claiming that it moved that no-faith motion as it wanted to provide the government, divided on the issue of the Easter attacks, with a rallying point?

Meanwhile, the TNA has contradicted itself on the question of war crimes. It says that it is all out to prevent those who are alleged to have committed war crimes from capturing power. But while accusing the army of having harmed civilians intentionally during the closing stages of the Vanni war in 2009, it threw in its lot with wartime Army Commander Fonseka in the presidential fray, in 2010. It had no qualms about trying to make him the President while calling for action against the perpetrators of war crimes! It either acted out of expediency and not principle or did not believe in its own allegation that the army had committed war crimes under Fonseka’s command.

Betraying our Visionary leader DS Senanayake.

July 16th, 2019

Garvin Karunaratne Former Government Agent

The vast colonization schemes of the Dry Zone, the peasantry, in thousands  that enjoyed the land,  earning bountiful crops were all due to the great achievement of our Leader, DS Senanayake, all achieved during his days as the Minister for Agriculture and Lands. It was his dream to uplift the life of the rural masses and for that purpose  he initiated a policy of granting land to the landless poor, making them partners in production and national development. His avowed aim was “not only to see that they are free from hunger an starvation but to see that they are established on land and  become self reliant and selfdependant”(Hansard: 26/2/1932:State Council of Ceylon)

His plan was not the haphazard alienation of Crown land.  He went to the extent of appointing a Select Committee of the State Council, to make any recommendations which they consider expedient and practical  for the establishment of a Scheme whereby land may be settled  on villagers and small holders and Crown land alienation or leased to villagers or small holders can be prevented  from passing into the hands of persons  other than villagers or small holders”(Hansard: 14/03/1933:Land Development Ordinance).  A Committee was duly appointed . The Committee had sittings for two years  and made submissions to the Council which were accepted. Referring to the Land Development ordinance provisions  he said that in this Ordinance we have made provision for  the protection of holdings  that is we have considered it necessary.. that when   land is alienated to a class of people to see that the land is possessed and it is very necessary that  protection should be continued for all time. It was necessary to see  that not only in the first instance  the person who got  the land  belonged to the class  to which we want the lands to go , but that the successors too belonged to that class. We felt that if we gave out right transfers  it will not be possible to protect such lands.”(Hansard: 14/3/1933” State Council of Ceylon)

He said that it was necessary to avoid what happened when freehold land was given out under British rule:”

But what happened to the jungle land up country  under the British Government  with its unfortunate laws and practices. Today  owing to the freehold given by the Government … all that land has  passed out of the possession of the people of this country.”(Statement in the State Council of Ceylon:(19/10/1933: Hansard)

He not only provided them with land, but also created the development infrastructure to enable the peasants to sell their produce by creating the Department for Development of Agricultural Marketing, which implemented  the Vegetable and Fruit Marketing Scheme and the Guaranteed Price Scheme which offered  a premium price for paddy and other cereals in short supply. The aim was to make Sri Lanka self sufficient.

It is sad that our present leaders have due to the influence of the IMF and other foreign advisors have abolished the Department for Development of Agricultural Marketing, thus depriving the peasant farmers the chance to obtain a premium price for the vegetables produced. The Guaranteed Price Scheme run first by the Marketing Department was later enlarged to the Paddy Marketing Board. The Government today purchases paddy from anyone- mainly traders, while in its heyday till 1977 purchases were made only from genuine producers. Today, the premium price offered go to the traders and not to the genuine producers.  The entire purpose of offering a premium price is lost.

Today we are seeing in progress the death knell of the colonization schemes and the bold peasantry that was built up by our leader DS Senanayake.

Our Prime Minister has come up with a programme to give freehold  on State lands that will enable the holders of the land to sell as they wish.

This is an area that was carefully looked into by Leader DS Senanayake. as quoted above.

I hope that the ideas of our founding father DS Senanayake will be kindly considered by our current leaders.  His intention was to build up a bold prosperous peasantry and having worked in the agriculture sector from 1955 to 1973 I can assure anyone that a bold peasantry was born, mainly on State colonization schemes.

Let us not destroy what we have achieved. Let not  the dreams of our founding father DS Senanayake, which brought about prosperity to the peasantry and to our country be sacrificed. This involves  the vast extents in the colonization schemes as well as allotments alienated to the landless in every district..

The problem of today is that with the abolition of the Marketing Department producers cannot get a good price for their produce. In the paddy producing areas it is the traders who collect paddy that hand over to the State under the Paddy Purchasing Scheme. Farmers have to face heavy costs for tractor ploughing and for harvesting machinery. Due to these constraints paddy producers hardly make a profit. Further there are very few avenues open for employment to the young and if freeholds are granted the holders will opt to sell their allotments. Then they will move to the shanties in the cities and become daily wage employees. There will inevitably be large scale displacement of people and ultimately a tremendous increase in poverty.

Instead  our leaders should consider the copious reasons why our founding father DS did not give freeholds on crown land. Our leaders will gain great credit if they can re establish the Marketing Department(MD) with its vegetable and fruit purchasing scheme and its Cannery. This will be a boon to the producers as well as the city dwellers because the MD had small retail shops in the cities where the vegetables were sold at rock bottom prices and thus inflation was stopped effectively. The MD Cannery even built up a trade exporting pineapple.The author was in charge of the Vegetable & Fruit Marketing Scheme for a full year based at the Tripoli Market.  In addition using the existing staff in the Land & Agricultural Deparments and the katcheris a production aimed programme can easily be implemented to produce and make what is being imported. This is something that can easily be done and this will bring great credit to the Government.

It is in the interests of the Developed Countries specially the USA to destroy our agriculture so that we will be caught in the bread trap and have to buy wheat from them. The land issue- giving freehold so that ultimately international multinationals may get hold of our productive land is another similar  trap. .Let our leaders not fall into this trap. This trap will create immense poverty in Sri Lanka. Our country is caught in a debt trap created by the IMF  which advised us to import freely, spend foreign exchange freely and fill the gap with loaned money. My publication: How the IMF Sabotahged Third World Development  details what happened. We were unknowingly led to become indebted.  If we give out freeholds on State alienated land we will be inevitably caught in a poverty trap. . 

It is reported that the freehold system has had the vision of foreign specialists. I have quoted ideas from our founding father DS Senanayake, the personage who created the United National Party. Reading through the speeches in the Hansard I find that he had done painstaking work to care for the poor. If further details are required the Government can call on the services of Government Agents who earlier worked as District Land Officers and they hold a wealth of expertise.

Let our leaders kindly think again  before it is too late.

Garvin Karunaratne
Former Government Agent
Ph.D. Michigan State University

13/07/2019

Author of:How the IMF Ruined Sri Lanka(Godagfes:2006)  & How the IMF Sabotaged Third World Development (2017: Godages/Kindle)

හඳපාන්ඇල්ල, සිංහරාජ අලි සංක්‍රමණ භූමිය (අලිමංකඩ) බැකෝ යන්ත්‍ර යොදා ගනිමින් වනසයි.

July 16th, 2019

පේශල පසන් කරුණාරත්න වැසිවනාන්තර සුරකින්නෝ සංවිධානය

යුනෙස්කෝ ලෝක උරුම තෙත් කලාපීය වැසි වනාන්තරයක් වන සිංහරාජ රක්ෂියේ නැගෙනහිර රක්වාන කඳුවැටිය හා ඒ ආශ්‍රිතව පවතින්නා වූ වනාන්තර පද්ධතිය සූවිශේෂි ජෛව විවිධත්වයකින් යුක්ත වන අතර සිංහරාජයේ වෙසෙන අවසාන දැවන්තයන් දෙදෙනා වසරේ වැඩි කාලයක් සක්‍රීය වන ප්‍රදේශයකි. මානික්වත්ත, බෝටියතැන්න ප්‍රදේශය ආශ්‍රිත කලාපය සිංහාරජ අලි සංක්‍රමණ කලාපයක් ලෙසටද ලෙස නම් කර ඇත.

සීඝ්‍රයෙන් විනාශවෙමින් පවතින මෙම හඳපාන්ඇල්ල, සිංහරාජ අලි සංක්‍රමණ භූමියේ (අලිමංකඩ) බෝටියතැන්න ප්‍රදේශයේ අක්කර 8ක පමණ ඉඩමක් මේ වන විට අනවසරයෙන් කපා දමා ගිනිතබමින් සිටී. වැසිවනාන්තර සුරකින්නෝ සංවිධානය මේ පිළිබඳව සොයා බැලීමේදී දැන ගැනීමට හැකි වූයේ විශ්‍රාමික කර්නල්වරයෙකු යැයි කියාගන්නා අයකු විසින් මෙම විනාශය සිදු කරන බවත් මෙම භූමිය තුල ජලය බෝතල් කිරීමේ කර්මාන්ත ශාලාවක් ඉදිකිරීම සඳහා මෙම විනාශය සිදුකරන බවත්ය. මේ වන විට වටිනා දේශීය ශාක ඇතුළු විශල ශාක ප්‍රමාණයක්  බැකෝ යන්ත්‍ර යොදාගනිමින් ගලවා දමා ගිනිතබා ඇත. මෙම ගිනි තැබීම නිසාවෙන් මුළු ප්‍රදේශයම අධික දූමාරයකින් වැසී ඇත.

අදාළ පුද්ගලයා වැසිවනාන්තර සුරකින්නෝ සංවිධානය විසින් දුරකතනයෙන් සම්බන්ධ කර ගත් අවස්ථාවේදී දැන ගැනීමට හැකි වූයේ මෙම ව්‍යාපෘතිය සඳහා හෝ වන හායනය සම්බන්ධව කිිසිඳු අවසරයක් ලබා නොමැති බව සහ ජල පෝෂක ප්‍රදේශයක් වන මෙම ප්‍රදේශය පාංශු සංරක්ෂණ කලාපයක් වන බැවින් බැකෝ යන්ත්‍ර යොදා ස්භාවිකව පවත්නා ගස්,ගල් ගලවා ඉවත් කිරීමට කිසිඳු අවසරයක් ලබාගෙන නොමැති බවත්ය.

මෙම ප්‍රදේශය සිංහරාජ පරිවාර වනාන්තරයක් වන හඳපාන්ඇල්ලෙන් ආරම්භ වන ඉතා වටිනා දොළ මාර්ගයකට මායිම් වන අතර එම දොළ මාර්ගයේ ජල පෝෂක කලාපයක්ද වේ. මෙම වන පියස සිංහාරජ දැවන්තයන් වන හස්තීන් දෙදෙනා සිංහාරාජයත් දෙල්වල, වලංකන්ද රක්ෂිත දෙසටත්, පන්නිල දෙසටත් සංක්‍රමණය වීමේදි භාවිත කරන ප්‍රධාන අලිමංකඩ ලෙසටද හඳුනාගෙන ඇති වටිනා වනාන්තර ප්‍රදේශයක් වන අතර පතන (මාන) වලින් ගහණ භූමියකි.   

මේ පිළිබඳව දැනුවත් කරමින් අප සංවිධානය විසින් පරිසර අමාත්‍යාංශය ප්‍රමුඛ ආයතන ගණනාවකකට ලිපි මඟින් දැනුවත් කර ඇත. එහිදී මූලික වශයෙන් මෙම කර්මාන්තශාලාව ඉදිකිරීමෙන් මෙම සංවේදී පරිසර පද්ධතිය විනාශ වී කර්මාන්ත පුරයක ආරම්භය විය හැකි බැවින් එම කර්මාන්ත ශාලාවට සහ වන විනාසයට අවසර නොදෙන ලෙසටත්, දිගින් දිගටම මෙම පරිසර කලාපයට එල්ල වන බලපෑම් අවම කර ගැනීම සඳහා එම කලාපය පරිසර සංවේදී කලාපයක් ලෙස නම් කිරීමට කඩිනම් පියවර ගන්නා ලෙසටත්, මෙම විනාශය සිදුකල අයට එරෙහිව නීතිය ක්‍රියාත්මක කරන ලෙසටත් දන්වා ඇත.

මෙම වටිනා සංවේදී කලාපය රැක ගැනීම මෙන්ම දැනට ඉතිරි වී ඇති තෙත් කලාපීය අලි දෙදෙනාගේ අනාගත ආරක්ෂාව තහවුරු කිරීමද අප සියළු දෙනාගේම වගකීම වේ. එබැවින් මේ සඳහා අවශ්‍ය පියවර කඩිනමින් ගත යුතු අතර ඒ සඳහා සියළු දෙනා එක්විය යුතුය.

මේ පිළිබඳ වැඩිදුර තොරතුරු  0777771348 (ජයන්ත විජේසිංහ, කැඳවුම්කරු, වැසිවනාන්තර සුරකින්නෝ සංවිධානය) ඇමතීමෙන් ලබාගත හැක.

පේශල පසන් කරුණාරත්න

මාධ්‍ය සම්බන්ධීකාරක

වැසිවනාන්තර සුරකින්නෝ සංවිධානය

RE: Discussion had by Chapa with GMOA Reps re Import of Outdated Medicine,etc. in June ’19/Corrupt Fisheries Deals

July 16th, 2019

Mahinda Gunasekera

His Excellency Maithripala Sirisena
President of Sri Lanka

Hon. Ranil Wickremasinghe
Prime Minister of Sri Lanka

Your Excellency Maithripala Sirisena and Hon. Ranil Wickremasinghe,

Please see the annexed video discussion with two representatives of the GMOA with one Chapa Bandara relating to serious wrongdoings in procedure and harm done to the health of the people through the corrupt practices of the current Minister of Health, and corrupt deals incurring huge losses to the state by the same person, namely Rajitha Senaratne, when he held the post of Minister of Fisheries.

Such corrupt activities cannot be pushed under the rug and forgotten as a colossal amount of public funds have been misappropriated and wasted under the direction of this individual who is currently the Minister of Health in your government.

Please take some positive steps to investigate the alleged wrongdoings and take appropriate action at least at the present stage to penalize those responsible for the high handed acts of corruption causing immense losses to the public purse.

Yours sincerely,

Mahinda Gunasekera
Dated: July 16, 2019

Please watch this very interesting discussion with two GMOA representatives where they talk of importation of outdated drugs by the Ministry of Health which are outside the approved list and proven to be less effective.  They spoke of harm done to pregnant mothers, new mothers and new born babies by providing them with outdated and less effective iron pills and folic acid, plus several other drugs at exorbitant prices.  They quoted from the Auditor General’s Report on the wilful actions of the ministry that failed to carry three months buffer stock as required, and thereafter proceeding to bypass the normal tender process and order unknown drugs outside the approved list as an emergency measure, costing in some cases 100 times more.  The Minister of Health and responsible officials should be taken to task for the waste of funds and serious harm done to the people’s health.  They placed the losses to the country well above that of the Central Bank fraud.

It appears as though a Presidential Commission of Inquiry has been established to look into the irresponsible and fraudulent acts of the Minister and high officials.  The LINK to the discussion is given below.

Nilantha Jayawardena <[email protected]>

If funds are required to duly proceed with the investigation and court trial, we should willingly contribute towards the costs in order that justice may prevail.

Mahinda Gunasekera

Rajitha Off The Hook In Fishy Deals
Posted on May 23rd, 2016

by Camelia Nathaniel Courtesy The Sunday Leader

Evidence has surfaced that a prominent minister and former fisheries minister had been engaged in bribery and corruption during his tenure at the fisheries ministry depriving the country of millions of rupees in tax revenue and depriving the fishing community of many opportunities.

Despite his tarnished track record, this minister jumped ship from the Rajapaksa camp and joined the Maithri-Ranil bandwagon in order to safeguard himself and avoid being taken to task over the corrupt activities he had been engaged in.

During his tenure, a Chinese firm which wanted to engage in fishing within Sri Lankan waters had approached the minister through its local arm Arugambay Fishery (Pvt) Ltd. Under the pretext of having further discussions on the matter, the then Fisheries Minister Dr. Rajitha Senaratne visited China on two occasions at the expense of the Chinese company. He left Sri Lanka aboard a Sri Lankan Airlines flight on sixth June, 2013 and returned on June 12,2013.

As a result of this visit, the minister laid down conditions that the deal could go through only if the local company Arugambay Fishery (Pvt) Ltd, would be replaced by a company that would be created with his secretary Don Lalith Anuradha Seneviratne as the major shareholder. Subsequently Blue Ocean Fishery (Pvt) Ltd was registered under N/A 176433 with his secretary Don Lalith Anuradha Seneviratne holding 60 per cent of shares. Misusing his privileges as a minister, Rajitha Senaratane set up this company knowing full well that it was illegal and appointed his secretary as the major shareholder in a bid to hoodwink the people. In addition, Blue Ocean Fishery (Pvt) Ltd, imported eight ships worth Rs. 400 million, but to date there is no mention of the duty that was or was not paid to the country. To date the investment of Blue Ocean Fishery (Pvt) Ltd is around Rs. 1000 million and the investment of Anuradha Seneviratne would have to be around Rs. 600 million. How a minister’s secretary could invest such a colossal figure is still a mystery.

According to the agreement between Blue Ocean Fishery (Pvt) Ltd and the fisheries ministry, 10 per cent of the catch of the eight vessels should be sold to the fisheries ministry at $ 1 per kilo, before the rest can be exported.

The Chinese company was earlier granted permission to engage in fishing under the Sri Lankan flag beyond the exclusive economic zone (EEZ) of Sri Lanka. The company had entered into an agreement with the Board of Investment to carry out fishing in international waters. According to an official of the Ministry of Investment Promotion, although the Dikovita Port was constructed as the biggest port in Asia, it was the minister’s son who got the contractors and handled the construction and the expenditure incurred for the construction of this port should be investigated separately.

However although the previous regime and Minister Senaratne claimed that this was the biggest port in Asia, the depth of it is just 5 metres.

Let alone accommodating large commercial vessels, even the Chinese trawlers could not be berthed there as it was not deep enough.Under the agreement, 90 per cent of the catch would be exported to China and 10 per cent given to the fisheries corporation at one dollar a kilo, the official said. The Chinese vessels were to be docked at the Dikovita fisheries harbour where the processing for exports would be carried out.

The operation was expected to generate  US$ 11 million (Rs. 1.3 billion)  in the first year. According to the official, the company started operations with four vessels and thereafter deployed 16 more 150 ft vessels.

However in spite of the profits made by this company, the minister had used his powers and obtained nine years of tax exemption for Blue Ocean Fishery (Pvt) Ltd. Moreover there is no declaration as to how this company obtained the funds to start up this investment.

This company has also not made any payment to the fisheries harbour corporation for the use of the Colombo or Dokovita harbours. Further, it is leant that in spite of a clause that has been inserted to the agreement with the cunning intention of obtaining tax concessions, that 10 per cent of the catch of these vessels will be sold to the Fisheries Corporation at $ 1 per kilo, this company had not supplied any fish to the fisheries corporation. This corrupt minister also used his powers in order to silence any official who dared to raise this issue.

According to the official, unsuitable appointments were made during the minister’s tenure further aggravating the situation at the fisheries corporation and contributed to its ruin.

According to fisheries ministry sources, During Senaratne’s tenure as the Minister of Fisheries, the younger brother of Rajitha Senaratne, Mahil Senaratne was appointed as the chairman of the fisheries corporation.

At the time Mahil Senaratne was appointed as chairman, he did not even own a house, but shortly after, he had constructed a luxury house in Nugegoda and also purchased a BMW motor vehicle. Workers claim that this was due to the fact that he was importing fish to the country at high commissions.

He was said to be receiving commissions from everything that was purchased for the fisheries corporation including the shopping bags that were used.

They claim that having worked as a store keeper at Bata, Mahil Senaratne had no knowledge on how to run the fisheries corporation and as a result the institution was ruined.

The workers also claim that a former police officer Ruwan Lankeshwara was appointed as the managing director and he too joined the minister and his brother in destroying the fisheries corporation. Hundreds of thousands of rupees were also taken claiming that the money was for the minister’s bodhi poojas. Further the workers claim that during the period under Minister Rajitha, the staff of the fisheries department was set at 745, of which 600 were permanent employees. However the workers charge that Rajitha Senaratne and his group had recruited a further 700 workers on contract basis and this had put a huge strain on the institution. In addition these workers were obliged to agree and cater to all the demands of the management.The workers also charge that around 20 kilos of small fish had to be delivered to Minister Senaratne’s residence supposedly to feed the dogs and cats. There were no bills or payments for this. According to the regulations of the fisheries department all goods purchased should be done after calling for tenders. But in spite of these regulations, the minister and his group had purchased used furniture and utensils for the main office from a hotel in Beruwela and these items were subsequently discarded due to being unusable.  Part of these items have also ended up at the residence of the chairman, managing director and the trade union president, it is alleged.Meanwhile, the cleaning contract for the Peliyagoda Fish Market at the time was given to one of Senaratne’s friends, one Kabir from the Minuwangoda without following any tender procedure. The contract was granted at Rs. 1.5 million monthly and of this, around Rs. 500,000 was the minister’s commission.

In addition, the manufacturing of life jackets was also given to another friend of the minister. The workers also claimed that in addition to their wages, special allowances ranging from Rs. 5000 to 25,000 were paid as allowances to the management friends of the minister. Moreover while practically all ice machine plants were in a dilapidated state, these too were sold as scrap metal with commissions.

Further, former Chairman of the Ceylon Fisheries Corporation branch in the SLFP affiliated Nidahas Sevaka Sangamaya, T.W. K. Dhammika who was accused of fraud of 2.8 million of NSS funds, imprisoned and later released on bail, was then reinstated by the minister without any proper investigation regarding the fraud.

While many crooks of the previous regime are being carted before commissions of inquiry and the bribery commission, those such as Rajitha Senaratne have cleverly switched allegiances and managed to avoid these investigations. According to the former president himself, Senaratne had made billions together with the Chinese and they too were unable to do anything about it because of their close relations with China. The JVP had filed a complaint at the Bribery Commission through the fisheries ministry regarding the misdeeds of Minister Senaratne, but since the minister has now switched sides and joined the Good Governance regime, so far no action has been taken. Voice Against Corruption (VOC) Convener and JVP North Central Provincial Councilor Wasantha Samarasinghe who was instrumental in filing this complaint said that as far as he knew no action was taken against the minister.

When contacted by The Sunday Leader Minister Rajitha Senaratne refuting these allegations said that although there had been a complaint that had been lodged against him at the Bribery commission, so far he had not been called for any investigation.

This is done by Wimal Weerawansa’s people and although I heard about it, so far I have not been informed of any investigation that has been initiated.”

With regard to the allegations that then minister had engaged Chinese vessels illegally to fish in local waters he said it is not only the Chinese but Japanese vessels were also used. If we had not met our target of 362 metric tons we would have lost our quota.”

The EU is taking 52% while the other states only take 48%, but no one is talking about that,” said the minister.He further said that it was only a temporary measure and in order to meet the quota, we need to have larger vessels. Pointing to Thailand as an example the minister said that they had engaged around 100 foreign vessels, and we would need to consider that option in the future too. The minister also said that this is not being highlighted by the media and it was not something that could be understood by everyone.

This is something to do with international affairs and ordinary people don’t understand this situation,” added minister Senaratne.

බැංකුණය පොලිය අඩුකරන බව අගමැති කියයි-(අංජුල මහික වීරරත්න)

July 16th, 2019

Dr Sarath Obeysekera

මේ මාසය අවසන් වනවිට බැංකුණය පොලිය 12% සිට 10% දක්වා අඩු කරන බව අග්‍රාමාත්‍ය රනිල් වික්‍රමසිංහ මහතා ත්‍රිකුණාමලයේ දී පැවසීය. පාස්කු ප්‍රහාරයෙන් කඩා වැටුණු සංචාරක ව්‍යාපාරය කෙටි කලක් ඇතුළත යථාතත්වයට පත්වනු ඇති බවද අග්‍රාමාත්‍යවරයා වැඩිදුරටත් සඳහන් කළේය.

Need of the hour is not reducing existing interest rates ,but imposing rules on all private and public banks to write off loans or postpone repayment and servicing interest for at  least four years ,to overcome the difficulties of  hotel owners ,industrialists ,caused by the Easter bomb blast.

I am in a boutique hotel for the holiday  generally patronised by upmarket clientele at about 40 000 rs per night ,sold at less than 1/4th of the pice,

They are unable to service loans taken from banks .Staff is reduced to only a few .Place is deserted.

Staff is reduced and chef doubles as front office manager,waiter doubles as bell boy to cut costs .

Only one Austrian young couple who have braved to come to this country who stayed in the hotel.

Occupancy 10 % 

I thanked them for coming to our country in these difficult times.

Such an industry ruined by the short sighted rulers ,who had no sense of the danger faced by the country and let the unimaginable happen.

This  is worse than the times during 30 years of war.

Banks declare hefty profits and  toprung mangers drawing thumping salaries.

GOVERNMENT SHOULD ENFORCE SOME EXTRAORDINARY LAW AND FORCE BANKS TO FREEZE PAYMENTS FOR AT LEAST FOUR YEARS UNTIL THE INDUSTRY RAISE THEIR HEADS .

මිනිස් කමට සුදුසුද ඒ මිනිස්සු

July 16th, 2019

 (නිර්මාණය – ඩබ්.කේ. එස්. ජයතිලක)

සිංහල ඔබගෙ අයිතිය වෙයි මේක
පාට බේද නොබලව් ඔබ කිසි දාක
පෑන අතින් ගෙන නොබියව කිසි දාක
තබනු තබනු එහි අත්සන සැබෑ දැක

උගනිව් ඉගෙනගව් සැමගේ භාෂාව
පෙරමුණ දියව් තමගේ මව් භාෂාව
කෙළෙසන්නට එපා කිසිවිට මව් භාෂාව
සමතැන නොවේ නිසි තැන තබව් මව් භාෂාව

නීති පනත් ගෙනෙනා ඒ මිනිස්සූ
දුගී ජනයා තලනා ඒ මිනිස්සූ
නීති කඩන ඒ ගෙම්බර මිනිස්සූ
මිනිස් කමට සුදුසුද ඒ මිනිස්සු

 (නිර්මාණය – ඩබ්.කේ. එස්. ජයතිලක)

ශ්‍රේෂ්ඨාධිකරණ සහ අභියාචනාධිකරණ නඩු තීන්දු ලබා දිය යුතු භාෂාව සිංහල භාෂාව විය යුතුද?

යන කාරණය ජනමතවිචාරණයක් මගින් විසදන ලෙස ජනාධිපතිවරයාගෙන් ඉල්ලන අත්සන් ලක්ෂයේ එකතුව

මේ ඉල්ලීමට එකගනම් අදාල ලේඛන මත ඔබේ අත්සනත් තබන්න.

දුරකථන 0342256066,0432256067,0712063394

JVP successfully bails out Rishad

July 16th, 2019

By Sugeeswara Senadhira Courtesy Ceylon Today


The Janatha Vimukthi Peramuna (JVP) has mastered the art of running with the hare and hunting with the hounds. The party successfully carried out the well-planned strategy to save the United National Party (UNP) from the embarrassment of a defeat at a No-Confidence Motion (NCM) against Rishad Bathiudeen, by tabling an NCM against the Government, and at the same time managed to convince its cadres that the Party still considers the capitalist UNP as enemy number one.


The JVP has deviated from the position of anti-capitalist (read: anti-UNP), and became the most trusted supporter of Ranil Wickremesinghe. While voting with the UNP in all previous No-Confidence Motions against the Government, the JVP suddenly found that the party cadres, especially the young radicals, were not happy about the pro-UNP stance of the Marxist party. As there is a good possibility of JVP cadres crossing over to the more radical Forward Party (Peratugami), the JVP now wants to attack the UNP too, at least in public.


After the Easter Sunday Explosions, JVP Leader Anura Kumara Dissanayake decided to attack the UNP and Ranil Wickremesinghe for the ills of the country. At the same time, the party obviously have an understanding with the UNP. The moment the Opposition tabled a No-Confidence Motion against Minister Rishad Bathiudeen in Parliament, for his alleged links with Islamist terrorists, the JVP came out with another NCM, this time against the Government. This was a clear tactic to confuse the issue.


The vote of the No-Confidence Motion, tabled by the JVP against the Government, was taken up last Thursday, and defeated by 27 votes. Some of the ardent critics of the Government were among the absentees in Parliament, including Wijeyadasa Rajapakshe, Duminda Dissanayake, S.B. 

Nawinna, Dunesh Gankanda, Mahinda Samarasinghe, Ashoka Priyantha, Douglas Devananda, Shivashakthi Anandan, and V. Radhakrishnan.
The NCM was tabled against the Government for failing to prevent the Easter Sunday Bombings. The UNP and TNA voted against the NCM, accumulating a total of 119 votes, while the Joint Opposition and JVP voted in favour of the motion, reaching 92 votes in total.


Last-minute bribery tactic


The JVP Leader said Premier Wickremesinghe deployed his usual last-minute bribery tactic on the TNA, in order to save face, and defeat the No-Confidence Motion brought against his government. According to him, the bribe was the promise to form a separate District Council for Kalmunai. Dissanayake alleged that Minister Mangala Samaraweera has even done the needful, including approving the necessary cadre, in order to set the procedures in motion, to realise the promise made to the TNA, in exchange for their votes.If Mahinda Rajapaksa and Sampanthan took the right decision, this NCM could have been defeated because the Government had only 105 against the motion even by this morning,” Dissanayake said after the NCM defeat.


When President Sirisena sacked Wickremesinghe and appointed Mahinda Rajapaksa as Prime Minister in October 2018, the JVP came out openly in support of the UNP Leader. The JVP Leader’s argument was, his party did not care who will be the Prime Minister, but were troubled about the unconstitutional method used to get rid of Wickremesinghe and appoint Rajapaksa. Without giving a chance to explain the policies of the new Prime Minister, the JVP Leader jumped to the conclusion that this person will not be able to come up with a new plan to initiate a good political culture, or a good economic policy for this country. We do not have faith in any person from either side.”


After extending support to the Government to defeat the NCM, the TNA has proved that it was an ally of the UNP. Thus, TNA Leader Rajavarothiam Sampanthan indirectly acknowledged that his appointment as Opposition Leader earlier was wrong. All the TNA MPs – barring Shivashakthi Anandan, who abstained – voted against the NCM.


The TNA is using the current political developments to its advantage, with its dual principle of supporting Ranil Wickremesinghe and the UNF, while criticising the Government, to appease the North and the East vote base.
The JVP-sponsored NCM against the Government was doomed to be defeated, because it was tabled with the intention of safeguarding Rishad Bathiudeen. If there was a vote on the NCM against Bathiudeen, there was a strong possibility of victory, as, in addition to the Joint Opposition members and SLFP members, a fair section of the UNF, TNA and JVP would have voted for the NCM.


UNP and TNA
Christian MPs


The UNP and TNA Christian MPs were planning to vote against Rishad Bathiudeen at that time. The NCM against Bathiudeen lapsed with his resignation from the Cabinet. Those UNP and TNA members, who openly said that they would vote for the NCM against Bathiudeen, could not vote for the JVP-sponsored NCM, as it was against the Government.
In the debate, the JVP Leader said the Government has failed to ensure the security of the country’s people, as evidenced by the Easter Sunday Terror Attacks. Moreover, it has now been clearly established that the Government failed to heed numerous warnings about an impending terrorist attack by Zahran Hashim and his associates.”  


Accordingly, the Government has no moral right to be in charge of the security of the country or its people,” he said, and pointed out that what was in power now was a minority Government, with just 106 MPs sitting on the Government side, while 118 MPs were in the Opposition. He called on Opposition Leader Mahinda Rajapaksa to ensure that all UPFA MPs were present in Parliament, to vote for the NCM. He also called on TNA Leader R. Sampanthan to ensure that the TNA votes in support of the NCM.


After the NCM is approved, this Parliament has a duty to pass another resolution by a 2/3 majority, dissolving this Parliament, and paving the way for an early General Election, so that the people can elect a new Government. It is what the people deserve,” Dissanayake said.


Now that the NCM is defeated, one anxiously awaits to see if the JVP would vote against Rishad Bathiudeen, if he becomes a Minister once again, and an NCM was brought against him by the Opposition.

 CT Web 02:00 AM Jul 15 2019

Abduct and convert: Plight of Hindus in rural Pakistan

July 16th, 2019

By Kamal Siddiqi Courtesy NewsIn.Asia

Karachi, July 16 (The Express Tribune): This month a teenage Hindu girl, Payal Kumari, was abducted by her teacher from district Thatta. Police looked the other way as Payal went missing for several days before appearing to record her statement at a madrassa.

Payal joins the thousands of Hindu girls in Pakistan who are either abducted or leave of their own accord and end up converting to Islam and marrying a Muslim man. Human rights groups estimate that 20 or more Hindu girls are abducted every month in Pakistan.

Krishan Sharma, Chairman of the Minority Rights Commission, tells me that there is institutional support for these conversions. What we see is that the recurring cases of forced conversion continue to make headlines. But nothing else.

This goes against Article 20 of the Pakistan Constitution that guarantees freedom of religion. The government is under obligation to safeguard the fundamental rights of all without discrimination based on religion, faith, or belief.

Sharma concedes that not all such cases are of abductions and in some instances the girl elopes with the man. This was not the case with Payal, says her family. Her brother Rakesh says if that was the case, his sister would have not left her gold ornaments and her savings. She would also have carried her dresses and they would have produced themselves in the court on the very same day. But she left home wearing ordinary clothes and chappals.

But as Sharma points out, even when it is done out of their freewill, one can only wonder how underage girls convert and marry. Both the lower and higher courts of Pakistan have failed to follow proper procedures in cases that involve accusations of forced marriage and forced conversions. The Islamabad High Court, for instance, declared in April 2019 that it was within the law for Hindu sisters Reena and Raveena to convert to Islam and stay with their husbands even though they were under-age.

The two underage sisters – Raveena aged 13 and Reena aged 15 – were kidnapped by a group of men from their home in Ghotki district in Sindh on the eve of Holi. The authorities did nothing for their recovery. Instead, the local police said such cases are common and advised the family to wait and see.

And sure enough, after days of their disappearance, these girls appeared before a madrassa that converted them and solemnised their marriage.

For all practical purposes, Pakistan has failed to fulfil its obligations under Constitutional provision and international treaties to protect the rights of vulnerable minorities from forced conversions and forced marriages. Things would be different if a bill was proposed by members of the minority community.

The Sindh Criminal Law (Protection of Minorities) Bill has failed to become a law. The Sindh Assembly passed the bill moved by PML-F lawmaker Nand Kumar against forced conversions in November 2016 but the then PPP-led Sindh government asked the-then governor, Justice (retd) Saeeduz Zaman Siddiqui not to ratify it and send it back for reconsideration following concerns shown by some religious quarters. The bill was, however, never re-assessed or discussed in the Assembly, despite the fact that the ruling party counted it among its achievements towards safeguarding minorities’ rights.

Since then, the bill has been kept blocked by the mobilisation of rightist groups and parties. A group of religious scholars, as well as the Council of Islamic Ideology (CII), termed the bill against the basic principles of Islam. Religious parties in Karachi launched a campaign against the bill in order to pressurise the Sindh government into repealing it. The Jamaat-e-Islami argues that there could be no age limit on people converting to Islam.

Thus far women rights groups have been focusing on how the Sindh Child Marriages Restraint Act, 2013 puts the legal age of wedlock at 18 years. This is a good place to start. In fact, adopting a purely legal perspective serves to take some of the pressure off the Hindu community; which increasingly lives in fear of reprisals or worse.

The way forward must see a concerted effort – led by the political set-up but in collaboration with civil society and right groups as well as moderate clerics — to frame forced conversion within the context of child marriage as not only statutory rape but also ethnic cleansing. It is time the government took a stand.

China, Pakistan and Russia gain foothold in Afghanistan

July 16th, 2019

By P.K.Balachandran/Daily Express

As troubled Afghanistan moves towards a partial withdrawal of American troops; an end to violence; and a political solution, the presence or influence of China, Russia and Pakistan in that country has increased perceptibly.

Despite its accusation that Pakistan is not doing enough to contain terrorism on its soil and also in Afghanistan; despite its trade and strategic conflict with China; and its stand-off with Russia over issues relating to the Middle East, the US has roped in these very countries to help it get out of the mess in Afghanistan.

Hundreds of Afghan troops, militants, and civilians have died every year in the last 18 years of US involvement. Even today, there are 14,000 US troops stationed in Afghanistan either training government troops or participating in commando operations against the Taliban.

US Ropes in Pakistan

The US has roped in Pakistan to help it settle issues with the Taliban because Pakistan and the Taliban have had close historical ties.

Pakistan Prime Minister Imran Khan will be meeting President Donald Trump in Washington on July 22 to discuss a wide range of issues including Pakistan’s present and future role in Afghanistan.

The meeting comes after the seventh round of US-Taliban talks in Doha in which the two sides had reached a draft agreement on four basic issues: counterterrorism assurances, troop withdrawal, a ceasefire, and intra-Afghan talks.

Pakistan won a place in the high table on Afghanistan by being an intermediary between the Taliban and external parties such as Beijing, Moscow and Washington. This, it had been able to do without diluting its basic stand that there could be no lasting peace in Afghanistan unless the primacy of Taliban is recognized and guaranteed by all parties. It took the regional and global powers-that-be a long time to realize this simple truth.

According to former Indian Ambassador, M.K.Bhadrakumar, the US has assigned to Pakistan the role of ensuring that Afghanistan does not again become a lab of terrorists” as President Donald Trump put it.

According to the White House, the Trump-Imran talks will focus on strengthening cooperation between the United States and Pakistan to bring peace, stability, and economic prosperity to a region that has seen far too much conflict.” This must be music to the ears of Imran Khan because Pakistan is facing severe financial problems.

It is difficult to say what exactly the White House statement meant when it said that the US will keep in sight the goal of creating the conditions for a peaceful South Asia and an enduring partnership between our two countries.”

Perhaps it means that the US will restrain India if the latter becomes belligerent towards Pakistan and intensifies its policy of isolating Pakistan globally on the plea that Pakistan is the launching pad for cross-border terrorism.

However, what is likely is that the US might step up military aid to Pakistan. Gen Mark Milley, who is Chief of Staff of the US army, told the Senate Armed Forces Committee recently, that Trump had recognized Pakistan as a key partner in achieving US interests in South Asia, including developing a political settlement in Afghanistan; defeating Al Qaeda and ISIS-Khorasan; providing logistical access for US forces; and enhancing regional stability”.

Gen.Milley argued for closer military ties with Pakistan. Former US Assistant Secretary for South and Central Asia, Robert Blake, told a gathering in Colombo recently that the Obama Administration under which he worked, had erred by cutting off military ties with Pakistan. As a result of this, the US lost touch with a whole generation of Pakistani military officers,” Blake said.

Accommodating China

In a move welcomed by Islamabad, the US Special Representative for Afghanistan Reconciliation, Zalmay Khalilzad, has kept China in the loop on the Doha talks with the Taliban. Last month, Beijing itself had hosted Taliban leader Mullah Abdul Ghani Baradar. Prior to this, in 2018, China had met Taliban leaders on several occasions.

China’s Economic Route To Afghanistan

China has only recently begun playing a role in bringing about peace in Afghanistan. But it had been quietly making economic inroads into that country since 2006.

According to the latest report of China’s Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) in Afghanistan done by the Organization for Policy Research and Development Studies (DROPS), a Kabul-based think tank, China is now Afghanistan’s largest business investor. Chinese companies have been involved in construction projects.

Beijing has an interest in Afghanistan’s vast deposits of essential minerals such as lithium (used in mobile phone batteries). China has won rights to the Amu Darya Basin oil in the north and the massive Mes Aynak copper mine near Kabul, though work on these projects has suffered because of the bad security situation.

In 2016, China and Afghanistan signed a Memorandum of Understanding. In September 2016 the first direct freight train from China reached the Afghan border town of Hairatan. An air corridor linking Kabul and the Chinese city of Urumqi was also opened. In May 2017, Afghan officials attended the international Belt and Road Forum in China, and in October Afghanistan joined China’s Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB), which funds BRI projects.

According to DROPS, China has pledged huge support” for building railways in Afghanistan. In 2017, China convened a trilateral dialogue with Pakistan and Afghanistan to discuss extending the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) to Afghanistan.

China’s Anxieties

However, all these ambitious economic plans would hinge on the assurance of safety and security, which have always been a question mark in Afghanistan. One of the main reasons for China’s increasing involvement in efforts to bring peace to Afghanistan is the fear that Afghanistan-based Islamic terror groups might infiltrate into Muslim-majority Xinjiang where there has been continuous resistance to Chinese domination.

Beijing’s anxiety about security started growing when the US began to scale down its military presence in Afghanistan in 2011. To protect itself, China built a base in Badakhshan Province and funded a Mounted Brigade. It launched the Quadrilateral Coordination and Cooperation Mechanism (QCCM) with Afghanistan, Pakistan and Tajikistan.

Since 2015, China has been involved in a number of multilateral peace initiatives, including the Quadrilateral Coordination Group and, more recently, the Moscow Format”.

Beijing has cultivated good ties with the Taliban, meeting them several times in 2018. It was in early 2015 that China began facilitating talks between the Afghan government and the Taliban. But deteriorating relations between Afghanistan and Pakistan over the Taliban made these efforts ineffective.

Therefore, China arranged talks between Afghanistan and Pakistan. It set up a Trilateral Crisis Management Mechanism. In December 2017, China hosted trilateral talks where the three countries called on the Taliban to join the talks process.

Pakistan and China played a key role in brokering a ceasefire deal. Interestingly, the Taliban agreed to declare a ceasefire only if Pakistan and China became its guarantors.

Ties With Kabul Regime

While all this was going on, China maintained close ties with the Afghan government as well. It signed a Treaty of Friendship, Cooperation and Good Neighborly Relations with Kabul regime in 2006. Two years later, Chinese companies won a US$ 3 billion contract to extract copper from the Mes Aynak mines in Logar province. In September 2017, China gave US$ 90 million towards development projects in Afghanistan’s Badakhshan province alone.

In the past three years, China has also extended more than US$70 million in military aid to Afghanistan, according to Ahmad Bilal Khalil, a researcher at the Centre for Strategic and Regional Studies in Kabul.

In the telecommunications sector, China’s role has grown from supplying Afghanistan with telecom equipment in 2007 to the construction of fiber-optic link in 2017.

(The featured image at the top shows a Taliban delegation headed by Maulana Abdul Ghani Baradar in China for talks)

Selecting Leaders to Reclaim Our Country

July 15th, 2019

Dr D.Chandraratna

During the last so many years we have agonized over the unsatisfactory state of affairs in our body politic and the helplessness of its citizens. If we are to survive this madness, simply switching off or merely ridiculing the current crop of Parliamentarians will not deliver. We must actively canvass our good intentions to rectify the gross abuses of the so-called democracy that we are corralled into. Our reform agenda should be known to those around us and thereby encourage a vigorous debate about how we plan to see happen. After almost five years of disenfranchisement we must seize the upcoming opportunity to educate the public. Mere bleating will not give us the future we deserve.

Remember the famous words of the French lawyer and philosopher, Joseph de Maistre (1753-1821) that every nation gets the government it deserves. If we lose interest by giving lame excuses, or wash our hands off the whole enterprise of politics then we will get the sort of government that we deserve. It is understandable that many people of good intellect are disengaged right now because of the parlous state of politics but we are a resourceful people once and we can do better. The opportunity will come at the forthcoming elections and hence let us be prepared. To do nothing is to acquiesce.

What then are the steps to recovery? First, we need to understand current reality with clarity. It must be grasped that it is not the time to support candidates who are unable to garner a winnable proportion of votes. We need a candidate who has earned credits through past performance to be at the starting point. We will not find candidates who are totally unblemished. Even with certain misgivings we are duty bound to go for a candidate who has the potential to muster more than 50 precent of the votes, Therefore the mushrooming, inexperienced new faces have to be cleared out for the moment so as not to spoil the chances of one who can win.

Second, stated very briefly the need of the hour is a courageous leader with reasonable intellect, who is willing to work with professional opinion, who can work according to plans and policies, with the interests of the suffering people of this nation at heart.  That is real democracy at work. We need no new laws. Such claims are a chimera to dupe the masses. The country has all the laws necessary for good governance. But you must let the institutions that are there work without crass political interference. The bureaucracy must be made to work efficiently. Let not the legislators dictate terms to the bureaucrat. The heads of departments should set the example by not heeding the politician’s dictates. If they resign in disgust the whole working population must down the tools. Let the high end of the professions take the lead. We have seen how the 17th amendment made matters worse. The Parliament, the role of the Speaker, the procedures, and the opposition deserve their due place. Do not make the Parliament a sick joke by getting rejects through the back door. Killing off democratic institutions is one sure way for nations to fail and we are just standing at the edge. A law is a law, which has come through correct passage in the Parliament. Not one that has been crookedly altered half way through. We need a democracy in the spirit of the law and not in the form of the law. Do not allow our Nation to Fail

Third, we need to broaden democracy. The modern state is too complex and Parliament will not have the intelligence by itself to administer the nation. We cannot get experts to adorn the seats at Diyawanna Oya. We are not a successful democracy because we have not reached the kind of economic development coupled with high education and maturity to have a sizeable middle class. For sixty per cent of the people life is a fight for basic survival and elections are won through taxpayer’s money offered as bribes and the country is made poorer after every election.

Constitutional Councils and Police Commissions fail because they are manipulated to appoint cronies to important places to do the bidding of the corrupt politician. But broadening democracy means a senate or council of public men and women, experts not orators, a Council assisting the popularly elected President. It is given adequate powers to curb irresponsible talk and action. The one thing that our country, steeped in debt, needs is financial management by specialists. Britain set an example and precedent in 1997 when it transferred control over interest rates from politicians to the Monetary Policy Committee (MPC) whose advice cannot be ignored by the politicians. In that MPC are four from the Central bank, an economist, an academic and two others with specialized knowledge. Vital aspects of our nation must be given to such Council(s) of excellence. Others like power and energy, environment, come to my mind.

The Fourth is in the area of Defence and Foreign policy. A person who has the interest of the country is desperately needed. We need a patriot who can communicate with the world even without an interpreter standing in the middle. Sri Lanka’s location is becoming  a matter of concern but Sri Lanka need not build military alliances with new emerging powers. Without compromising our non-aligned stance we need to keep them all at arms length and stay neutral from a military perspective. Having the nation’s interest at heart let us pursue economic cooperation and technological collaboration and maintain multiple links for military training and joint exercises and be an independent friend in the Indian Ocean and not a power pawn of any super power.  We need a strong willed patriotic individual assisted by professionals to lead the nation at the forthcoming contest. Time is of the essence.

Hong Kong, a Part of China, Shall Allow No External Interference

July 15th, 2019

by Ambassador Cheng Xueyuan

What happened recently in Hong Kong Autonomous Region (SAR) of China has shocked the world. On 1 July, the 22nd anniversary of Hong Kong’s return to mainland China, some riots with the dressed lie of democracy, acted like cruel extremists, broke into the Legislative Council building of Hong Kong, and vandalized various facilities. What enraged China and shocked the world further is British Foreign Secretary Jeremy Hunt’s remarks on the second day. Mr. Hunt said that the UK stands behind people in Hong Kong in defence of the freedoms that Britain negotiated for them, and the Hong Kong authorities must not use demonstrators’ vandalism as a pretext for repression.

I would stress that China has resumed sovereignty over Hong Kong and the Chinese government started administering Hong Kong since 1997. The 150 years’ humiliating history of Hong Kong being a colony to UK since 1840s has gone. It seems that someone is still immersed in the faded glory of colonialism. Mr. Hunt is obsessed with condescendingly criticizing other countries and keeps lying without remorse.

First, after Hong Kong’s return to China, British rights and obligations as outlined in the Sino-British Joint Declaration were completed. The UK has no sovereignty or rights to rule and supervise Hong Kong after the handover. There is no room for Britain to claim any so-called responsibility over Hong Kong whatsoever. Claiming itself the guardian of Hong Kong is nothing more than self-entertaining.

Second, Mr Hunt says that the UK negotiated freedoms for Hong Kong. How brazen is that! Was there any democracy when the British governors were in Hong Kong? People in Hong Kong didn’t even have the right to take to the streets then. It is only after the return that Hong Kong residents started enjoying unprecedented democratic rights and freedoms. The Chinese Government strictly follows the Constitution and the Basic Law. It earnestly implements the one country, two systems” policy. It ensures that the people of Hong Kong govern Hong Kong with a high degree of autonomy.

Third, the violent storming into the Legislative Council on July 1 is a grave illegal activity. It tramples on the rule of law and undermines social order. In total disregard of facts, Mr. Hunt called the SAR government’s response “repression”. That is entirely misleading. We want to ask Mr. Hunt, if it were the British Parliament that had been broken into and vandalized, what would the British government do? Will it sit by idly and let the protesters have their way? Will he call the British police’s handling of the August 2011 riot in London “repression”?

London in 2011
In London

Those external forces who under the disguise of all self-boasting justice and human rights, are actually bullying other countries all the time while interfering with others’ internal affairs. In the colonial times, they exploited wealth and enslaved people from other countries. In the new ear, with the old mindset, they are making use of every opportunity to stick nose into others’ internal affairs and create chaos.

Countries like China and Sri Lanka, who shared a common history of being bullied and colonized by powers should always remain vigilant in terms of external interference. Such interference can never bring benefits, but only trouble, chaos and disasters. China, adhering to independent and peaceful diplomatic policies, will never interfere with others’ internal affairs and is strongly against such behavior. We should always insist on independence, fight against external interference and make their own decisions. Only in this way can we march toward the right direction and embrace a brighter future. 

In London
In London

Four busted with 290 electric detonators at Piliyandala

July 15th, 2019

Courtesy Adaderana

Four persons have been arrested while in possession of 290 electric detonators at Hedigama, Piliyandala, says the Police Media Spokesperson SP Ruwan Gunasekara.

They were taken into custody from a house in the Hedigama area acting on a tip-off was received by the Piliyandala Police on the matter, the police spokesperson said.

The arrest was made in a search jointly carried out by the Sri Lanka Army and the Police.

Accordingly, the arrestees were identified as the owner of the house, his two sons and the person who had given them the stock of detonators.

Piliyandala Police conducting further investigations into the incident. 

Opportunity for people to elect new govt. within next 5 months – President

July 15th, 2019

Courtesy Adaderana

President Maithripala Sirisena has said the people will have the opportunity to elect a new government within the next five months and that he expects them to use their franchise wisely to select honest individuals who love the country.

The only way to re-build this economically backward and the corrupted country is to elect a government with honest politicians, the President has stated attending a ceremony to declare open the newly-constructed District Hospital in Nuwara Eliya today (15), the President’s Media Division (PMD) said.

Politicians, who love the country will instinctively work to uplift the public, the President has said.

He has pointed out that achieving development goals would not have become a challenge if the workforce of the government sector, the front runner of the forward march of the country with strong manpower of 1.6 million as well as the academics, carry out their due responsibilities.

During the last five years, the welfare programmes carried out for the benefit of the estate sector people is unparalleled, the President has said, adding that many steps have been taken to ensure free medical and education facilities of this important segment of the society.

Illegal drug trafficking is the simplest and the easiest way to destroy a country, the President has stressed. The country is unable to reap the real benefits of many progressive activities due to clandestine agendas of some political parties and their members, he has continued.

The President has also emphasized the importance of work beyond petty political gains.

The Nuwara Eliya district hospital, built with the financial assistance of the Kingdom of Netherlands, comprises a 600-bed ward complex, operation theatres with modern technology, Intensive Care Units, Outer Patients Clinics, pharmacies, dialysis units as well as quarters for doctors and nurses, the PMD reported.

The construction work of this hospital was commenced in 2012 when the President was holding the portfolio of the Health Minister and the hospital is expected to provide quality service to the tourists who are visiting the picturesque Nuwara Eliya city, the PMD said.

Following the unveiling of the plaque, President has reportedly engaged on an inspection tour.

President has registered the first three patients who came to the hospital for treatment, the PMD added. 

Ministers Rajitha Senaratne and Navin Dissanayake, Governor of the Central Province Maithri Gunaratne, Secretary to the Ministry of Health Wasantha Perera, Director General of Health Services Dr. Anil Jasinghe, a delegation from the Netherlands and the Director of Nuwara Eliya Hospital Dr. Mahendra Seneviratne were among the gathering.

Canada distorts the Truth about Tamil Genocide allegations in Sri Lanka

July 15th, 2019

Asoka Weerasinghe (Mr.) Kings Grove Crescent . Gloucester . Ontario . K1J 6G1 . Canada

11 July 2019

His Excellency David McKinnon
Canadian High Commissioner for Sri Lanka
Canadian High Commission
33A  5th Lane
Colpetty
Colombo 3
Sri Lanka.

Dear High Commissioner David McKinnon:

Re: Canada distorts the Truth about Tamil Genocide allegations in Sri Lanka

 I read with hurried interest the news item Canada to support conflict prevention in Sri Lanka , in The Island of July 4, reporting what you had said on Canada Day.

Reading it, one would have expected this expatriate Sinhalese-Sri Lankan-Canadian who has been domiciled in Canada, since 26 August 1968 (with a  hiatus between 29 May 1970, and October 16, 1970), first in St. John’s, Newfoundland and then in Ottawa since 16 October 16, 1970, to tell himself, O! Canada, you have finally seen the light about Sri Lanka.”

If what you said should had excited the cockles of my heart and made me sit on a Roman Candle on Canada Day fire-works display, to shoot myself up into the indigo sky throwing multi-coloured fireballs on everyone down below,  shouting Yippee..yippee”  with joy  celebrating Canada Day,  but, Oops,  unfortunately it never happened.

Why not?” You may ask.  There was an undertone of bigotry in your statement”,I would say. Then what would have satisfied the cockles of your heart?” you may ask. And I would have responded,

That is easy.  If your statement had been – Canada to support conflict prevention in Sri Lanka as well as in Canada by reining the anti-Sri Lanka politicians who make the reconciliation process difficult by sustaining the Eelam rhetoric  with their questionable statements and Private Member Bills and voting to probe Tamil Genocide” in Sri Lanka which never happened, like a bunch of Tamil Blarney Curry-in-a-Hurry popsicle suckers.”  That would have delighted me and I would have said, Thank You, High Commissioner David McKinnon, you are one honest Canadian diplomat, much, much better than High Commissioner Nancy Stiles who had a soft spot for the Tamil Eelam cause.  Way to go Sir!”

Brampton City Council under its veteran Sri Lanka hater  Mayor Patrick Brown,  declaring May 18 as the City’s Remembrance Day of Tamil Genocide, only showed your bigotry, This is the MP for Barrie who bicycled around Parliament’s campus with NDP rookie Tamil MP Rathika Sitsabaiesan in October 2011 showing the Channel 4 questionable film,”Sri Lanka’s Killing Fields” film, with John Argue of Amnesty International following them like a sick puppy to give their dubious act  legitimacy.

Do you know what High Commissioner? That declaration of the Brampton City Council,  kicked and woke up the sleeping Sinhalese lions and lionesses as over 600 of them demonstrated in front of Brampton City Council on May 21.  I believe the Council was sitting in its Chamber that evening and heard the  ‘lion and lioness’ roars of the angry demonstrators loud and clearly in protest shouting Patrick Brown you are a Clown.”   This is the same anti-Sri Lanka hating MP who lambasted the Sri Lanka Government  on TV in mid- 2009 for not giving him and his colleague Paul Calandra visas to enter Sri Lanka in mid-2009 to check on the Tamil refugee camps in the North.

 I thought it was an unfair demand when the Sri Lanka Government was involved in the horrendous logistics to provide comfortable accommodation to the 295,873 Tamil refugees that they rescued from the clutches of the Tamil Tigers and preparing a million hearty meals a day, breakfasts, lunches and dinners, than spend time to provide visas and security to Patrick Brown and Paul Calandra, when they were not even Junior Ministers of the Canadian Government.

 You bet,  these Sinhalese protesters won’t go to sleep again, as  they have had enough of this Tamil blarney from the separatist Tamils and their Canadian politician supporters, who have sold their souls for a Tamil vote.

The question to you High Commissioner is, what are you going to do about it?  Are you going to rein in these politicians of deceit, who have willfully broken the Human Rights Code of reconciliation, and introduced their Tamil Tiger Code of re-CON-ciliation, between the Sinhalease and the separatist-Tamils. Too bad!

Then there was ACT 2 of ‘Tamil Genocide in Sri Lanka: The dishonest Play of Tamil Genocide Blarney’.

The City of Toronto under the Mayorship of John Tory  too proclaimed May 18 as the Tamil Genocide Remembrance Day.”  and so  pouffff went your statement , Canada to support conflict prevention in Sri Lanka, but Canada certainly keeps the banned Tamil Tiger flag flying with such Tamil Genocide Tamil Blarney proclamations.  So, High Commissioner David McKinnon,  your statement on Canada Day had lost its currency of diplomatic honesty.  So what are you going to do about it?  And the Tamil Tiger Code of re-CON-ciliation lives another day in Canada.

Then there was ACT 3 of ‘Tamil Genocide in Sri Lanka: The dishonest Play of Tamil Genocide Blarney,’ which blew your statement ‘Canada to support conflict prevention in Sri Lanka’ into smithereens,   That was a cruel joke on the Sri Lankans.  How could you support conflict prevention when the pro-Eelam politicians keep  stirring the witches brew in an iron cauldron decorated with the Canadian red Maple leaf.  This is ‘Bigotry” I said, and I will say it again.  It is bigotry in the first order!

This was Act 3, when 59 members of the Ontario Legislature stood up in the Legislative-Chamber and said Aye”  pushing through the Second Reading of Tamil Genocide Bill 104.  This Bill 104 was drafted packed with indelible untruths, lies,  to proclaim a Tamil Genocide Education Week in Ontario.

My observation was, Are these 59  Moms and Dads, the majority who very likely have young families who are focused to bringing up their childen in an honest Global Village, trying not to pollute their young minds with the words Tamil Genocide in Sri Lanka, when it never happened.  And mind you, the word Genocide” is twinned with the active word Hate”.  What?   A Canadian kid who wouldn’t recognize where the little speck of an island, a pimple in the Indian Ocean is in a world map, being taught  that there was Tamil-Genocide  in that remote island of Sri Lanka, and  thus hating the guilty, the Sinhalese-Canadian classmates.  This is surreal.   This is insane. This is poppycock-crazy!.

These 59 Aye” saying Councillors have to take that parental responsibility for distorting the truth, when Tamil-Genocide never happened.  Shish!  What nastiness.  I object to this Bill 104 which is a callous act of mockery of the word Truth”  It is an incipient act of divisiveness of the multi-ethnic Sri Lankan-Canadan community right across Canada, just not only in the Province of Ontario.  This Bill 104 insults the dignity of the Sri Lankan-Sinhalese Canadian community, which I happen to be one of them.

And that Bill 104 denies the validity of your statement in Colombo on Canada Day, High Commissioner McKinnon.  And that is a sad indictment of guilt of bigotry.  That is the rub.  And that’s how the cookie  crumbles, Mr. High Commissioner.  The question is, what are you going to do about it when it impacts on you and your statement on Canada Day?

And here is Act 4 of  Tamil Genocide in Sri Lanka: The dishonest Play of Tamil Genocide Blarney”, and it is a doosey, showing that our Canada is a nation of putrid-arrogance, to promote ourselves as We are Holier than Thou.”  And that is an overkill, isn’t it High Commissioner David McKinnon?

Here is a perfect textbook example of a Canadian pot calling a Sri Lankan kettle black. Specially, when Canada is accused of Genocide” on Aboriginal women  in a voluminous Report, ‘Claim our Power and Our Place’ delivered on Monday, June 3, 2019, to the Canadian authorities which was written after two years of work by a specialized Commission – that thousands of indiginous women were murdered or missing in recent decades have been victims of ‘Genocide’; in our Canada,  and Lo behold, the NDP Motion was adopted in the House of Commons to investigate Sri Lanka’s actions to defeat Tamil Tiger Terrorism in the years 2006 to 2009 as an act of Genocide”. 

Mr. High Commissioner, all what I want to do is scream saying Give me a break, Canada.”  That Motion was proposed by NDP and was passed in the House with the consent of all parties on the 19th of June, 2019.  Wow!  What a colonial-type of arrogance!

Ha! All parties they said.   What?

 Let’s look at these parties clinically, and their interest in Sri Lanka, and their extraordinary interest in the separatist Tamil Movement, and warring with the Sri Lankan armed forces for 30-bloodying years, to carve out one-third of the prime real estate in the north and east to create their mono-ethnic, racist, separate Tamil State, Eelam for 12% of the population.

NDP’s support for the separatist Tamils  was exposed when their  late leader Jack Layton compared the  leader of the ruthless serial assassins, the Tamil Tiger terrorists, Velupillai Prabhakaran to South Africa’s Nelson Mandela, in front of 10,000 Tamils at Queen’s Park.   Nelson Mandela would have turned in his grave, looked straight into Jack Layton’s eyes and told him, Stop insulting me man.  Are you an idiot or what!”

It was Jack Layton who called for an Emergency Meeting on Sri Lanka at the Parliamentary Chambers on 4th February 2009, which was a circus of clowns.  I watched them on CPAC and christened this event as the  Canadian Tamil Tiger Blarney Gong Show. 

So the NDPiers sold their souls to the Tamil Diaspora, to seek a favour from them – their bloc vote.  And they have the gall and temerity to pass a motion in parliament to investigate Sri Lanka’s action to defeat Tamil Tiger terrorism between 2006 and 2009 as an act of Genocide.”

And I wouldn’t hesitate to tell Ms.Salma Zahid, MP for Scarborough Center, to get off her high-horse and try not to embarrass herself, by trying to be smart to win the Tamil votes in her constituency.  And not to challenge the strategy and intelligence of the Sri Lankan Armed Forces for annihilating the Tamil Tiger terrorists to give back the  most coveted human right, the right-to-life to 21 million peoples which had been hijacked by the Tamil Tigers for 30 long years.  Come down from your high-horse Ms. Salma Zahid.”

Let’s look at the Liberals, clinically, why they looked aside when the separatist Tamil Diaspora collected 2 million dollars a month for 13 years under the leadership of

Prime Ministers Jean Chretian and Paul Martin, to stuff the Tamil Tiger War Chest to buy a sophisticated armoury of Kalashnikovs, bullets, land mines, claymore mines, et cetera, to help win their separatist war. Hmmmm!  In other words, Canada aided and abetted that Eelam war and prolonged it.  There is No ifs and buts.

It was the Liberals in 1994 who let a member of the Tamil Diaspora cut a cheque from a Bank in Vancouver to pay the Rubizone Chemical Factory in the Ukraine for the purchase of 10 tons of hexogen, plastic explosives like Semtex; 50 tons of TNT, and a large quantity of electric timing caps and detonator cord.  These were the explosives that were used in a truck bomb to bring down the Central Bank Building in Colombo, on January 31, 1996.  That truck bomb killed 114 people and  maimed 1,338 others for life.

And so the Liberal Party had the gall and temerity to support this brainless motion by the NDP to investigate Sri Lanka’s actions between 2006 and 2009 which they say was an act of Genocide.

It were the Liberal Terrible 5 – Robert Oliphant, Jim Karygiannis, Judy Sgro, Derek Lee and Albina Guanierri, who accused the Sri Lanka Government of Genocide during the Canadian Tamil Tiger Blarney Gong Show on 4 February 2009.  When questioned about Genocide”, this Liberal Terrible 5 choked.  They just could  not back up their allegation.  Your Excellency, at that point I fell on my knees  with my palms together and I asked , the Sweet Mother of Jesus, to help Sri Lanka from these moronic Canadian accusations.  All this for a Tamil vote. 

And finally, lets clinically analyse the Conservatives who supported this motion of the NDP.

It was the Conservative Prime Minister Stephen Harper who went into a hissy-fit and boycotted the Commonwealth Heads of Government Conference held in Colombo  in November 2013.  He was merely pandering to the Tamil voters in the Greater Toronto Area.  This was embarrassing as he expected the other Commonwealth Heads like the UK and Australia to file behind him in support.  There was not a snowball’s chance in hell for his silliness. He was snubbed as they all more or less told him, All right Stephen, if you want to stay back, go ahead and stay back but we are going to Colombo to attend the Summit.  If you want to go to the corner of your office, stick your thumb in your mouth and sulk, that is your business.  Good luck!”

So he sent his emissary  Minister Deepak Obhrai to represent him and Canada.  And he was another disaster. Another embarrassment and angered the majority of the Sri Lankan-Sinhalese Canadians across Canada.  He acted like a High School Bully.

When asked by a Sri Lankan Official, not to lay a wreath for the Tamils who died for their Eelam cause at Elephant Pass, he was rude and did it anyway,  He said that it was a neutral spot where he laid the wreath.  He obviously didn’t do his homework nor did your High Commission in Colombo.  I had to point it out in a letter that Elephant Pass was the war theatre for three major battles between the Tamil Tigers and the SriLankan Armed Forces.  So he returns to Canada, meets the Tamil separatists in Toronto to tell them what he did for them.  Thus wanting them to return the favour by giving the Conservatives their vote. 

All this for a Tamil vote and sustaining the separatist Tamils in Canada by providing them with enough oxygen to continue their War from the Canadian Legislature Chambers, to claim their mono-ethnic, racist, separate Tamil State, Eelam.

So what are you going to do about it Mr. High Commissioner?  You know as well as I know and so does the other Canadian Foeign Affairs diplomats know, that although the Tamil Tigers were militarily defeated on the shores of the Nandikadal lagoon on the east coast in Sri Lanka on 19 May 2009, that war continues in the legislative chambers of the Federal, Provincial and City Councils in Canada.  All for the Tamil votes using the Tamil Genocide bogey which never happened,  Shame on  the  Canadian politicians who support the allegations of Tamil Genocide in Sri Lanka  And that is the rub.

Let me share my last observations which has pained me for the past decade. Why three events in Sri Lanka have missed the radar of Canadian political bleeding hearts of Human rights.  This amazes me, which proves that we are not squeaky clean and  live a lie that we are a bunch of Goody-two-shoes.

  1. When the world patted the back of Sri Lanka after she annihilated the ruthless Tamil Tiger terrorists on 19 May 2009, saying, Good Show, way to go Sri Lanka”, but Foreign Minister of Canada, Hon. Lawrence Cannon put out the most pathetic Press Release ignoring this classic event, when the world was fighting to eliminate terrorism, and Sri Lanka annahilated the ruthless Tamil Tiger terrorists after a 30-year long war almost single handed, Canada had nothing congratulatory to say to the Sri Lanka Government.  That was pathetic.  Why?  I smell a rat here, High Commissioner;
  1. When by the end of the Tamil Tiger terrorist War  on 19, May 2009, the Sri Lankan soldiers rescued 295,873, Tamil refugees from the clutches of the Tamil Tigers, who marched them for 30 months from the west coast to the east  coast, like unwashed cattle as a human shield  under a scorching hot  Jaffna-Killinochchi sun, which was  a historic classic textbook event of a Human rescue from terrorists, This did not show up on the Canadian Government’s bleeding heart radar. Not a word of acknowledgement.  Sick! Why? I smell another stinky Canadian rat here!

    3.  The amazing humanitarian effort of preparing a million hearty breakfasts  lunches and dinners every day to feed the 295,873 Tamil refugees  housed in temporary camps, to keep them alive, missed the Canadian Government’s bleeding heart Radar, again.  Not a hum…not a word by the Canadian Government so  far  And especially  when the Sri Lankan soldiers, mainly Sinhalese were part of the army of cooks who prepared these million meals. each day.

          Not a word.. not a hum from Canadian Government  bleeding hearts  Why?  I  suspect one more stinky rat again.  This classic humanitarian event didn’t  show up in the Canadian  Government’s Bleeding Heart radar.

           All this shows that there is a lack of honesty in all these Canadian shenanigans on Sri Lanka’s war against the most ruthless Tamil terrorists  who perfected the suicide bodyt pack which was used to assassinate    India’s Rajiv Gandhi and Sri Lanka’s President Ranasinghe Premadasa. 

            Why?

            Do you know why, High Commissioner David McKinnon?   I wish you would   share this information with me.  I have suspicions but I need  a confirmation  from someone with authority that I can trust.  I like to believe that you are  not a Nancy Stiles.  A Canadian diplomat that I could trust   I hope we will meet someday, somewhere when we can exchange our   views on these issues which needs answers. I am not a happy camper, the  first Sinhelese-Sri Lankan Canadian together with my colleague  Asoka Yapa who was fearless and dismissed the Tamil serparatist intimidation, and went on National TV’s  evening 6 o’clock News, on 4 August 1983, to defend the good name of our Motherland Sri Lanka.  By then she had been bashed to  pulp, kicked and spat at by these separatist Canadian-Tamils day in and  day out for eight long days in the print and audio-visual media.

Enough was enough.  We took them on  to let the Canadians know   our side of the story.  Since 4 August 1983, I have been singing –  ‘Mirror, mirror on the wall, who is the Liar of them all.’ ever since.

Sincerely, 
Asoka Weerasinghe (Mr.)

Oxymora-‘Some morons are engaged in actions that veritably fall into a plethora of oxymora’

July 15th, 2019

Laksiri Warnakula

Introduction

I am exhausted. It’s not just physical. It stems from my incapability to take in and digest all of what is written on paper and spoken about, almost everywhere. The incessant barrage of peoples’ howling and protesting, talking and reporting colourfully (pun intended) and ruefully on moronic deals, deeds and a plethora of other adventures by the ‘Diyawanna Oya Outfit’ has risen to a crescendo, which most likely has never been heard before. The number of people asking, arguing, criticising and writing in newspapers and other social media sites has reached heights never reached before.


And I am sure that most of them like myself are truly exhausted too by trying to take on this onslaught of the thoughts of a people, who are angry and utterly tired of being taken for a ride. 

The never-ending bedlam, cheating, corruption lies and many other vices, of the governors as well as the governed that have now become the general order of the day of the ‘Republic of Sri Lanka aka ‘A land like no other’.

So I thought of writing something different from the familiar and the typical and instead opting for a wee bit of atypical. Even though it addresses the same social and political drama of today, the approach is different, speckled with grains of humour and seeds of sarcasm. At least, yours truly hopes so.

I am going to limit my essay to a very few only, even though you could probably write a voluminous treatise on the subject, of the antics of our politicians of past and present-day packed to the brim at times, with highhandedness, stupidity, thievery and tomfoolery, all present in various proportions in their packages containing, supposedly sensible, sustainable and sound solutions, presented to a malnourished nation and its maltreated people.


Oxymora


Agree to disagree – A familiar habit of many of them

Deceptively honest – In my opinion, there are quite a few, who could be under this category


Disgustingly-delicious – What some of them say!

Honest thief – Can some of them be called as such?


Loyal opposition – Who on earth can this be? Well, we have seen them barking, snapping and screaming in our ‘Hall-of-Shame’ around ‘The Oya’ in many an occasion


Shrewd dumbness – Guess, who could easily answer the description

Silent scream – You can hear the people’s ‘silent scream’ as they write in the newspapers of today; And mostly about the despicable and deplorable behaviour of many of our politicians, their antics and unfathomable logic, which they apply to solve serious problems facing the nation

Unbiased opinion – Aren’t they good at giving it?

Wise fool – I am sure we have few amongst them. What do you think? Even though, they choose to be foolish more often than be wise!

There are many more. I chose the ones that are less common, yet suit the topic of my essay. It would be fun to think about who could fall into each of these, despite the fact that there are some, who would instantly come to your mind.

Note 1 – The word ‘oxymoron’ is of Greek origin.

Note 2 – The examples of ‘Oxymora’ given here have been taken from few sources; Merriam-Webster, the Cambridge English Dictionary, et al.

Laksiri Warnakula

Cricket ,Champaign and Muslims

July 15th, 2019

Dr Sarath Obeysekera 

I was watching the greatest game ever last night.

After lifting the cup jubilant English players were holding the cup 

After holding the cup Champaign bottles were uncoked

I noted that two bearded Muslim players slowly and unnoticed creep away until Champaign is sprayed all over the players 

News.com .au of Australia published following already .

England World Cup stars Moeen Ali and Adil Rashid were forced to flee the team’s wild celebrations immediately following the World Cup trophy presentation in a culture clash for the new world champions. 

Ali and Rashid bolted from the middle of the trophy podium moments after England captain Eoin Morgan raised the ICC Cricket World Cup Trophy and confetti began to shoot from cannons alongside the champions” signage placed in front of the team.

As the team burst into cheers and flames exploded behind them, teammates were handed sponsored champagne bottles and a few short moments later began spraying them in all directions.

Dr Sarath Obeysekera 

Without shadow of a doubt ,it was the greatest game ever and lessons learnt

July 15th, 2019

Dr Sarath Obeysekera

Yesterday we saw every element of good spirit , sense of responsibility , integrity , showing one’s courage in a fight until you live or die, how not to give up the task entrusted until last breath.

We can elaborate many such human qualities humans and animals have.

Two teams of nations with players predominantly with fair skin colour, showed us how to fight.

We were under the same race as a colony  for many many years .

They left our country after building much of the infrastructure we need, and also the bureaucracy to govern .

When they landed on our soil and walked into the resplendent interior of the country, they determined to plant coffee and tea in a difficult terrain  to earn money and spread their religion and culture to our people

We may condone what these nations did to us but we should learn one thing .

We should learn how to live with dignity and honestly and foster courage and endurance , 

We had few dark patches in our history after the Colonial Powers  retreated  who may have left some some scars  in our minds.

Latest incidents involving Muslim extremism should not hamper our determination to overcome the emotional -feeling and hatred . 

We should fight and play together.

Finally in yesterday’s game we have seen how losing team behaved in ,” a gentleman’s manner” .

But I felt sad about the Kiwis as they are also a gentle nation who have shown courage and patience       until the last breadth.

Leave-out racism aside what our leftists and some clergy practice for their own benefits.

Let us learn from this great game 

  Absorb what is useful, discard what is useless and add what is specifically your own”. Bruce Lee

Dr Sarath Obeysekera

TO HANG OR NOT TO HANG: ANOTHER PERSPECTIVE

July 14th, 2019

Sugath Samarasinghe

Being an ignoramus, I was neither for nor against this idea of Judicial Executions. Yet I have been reading most of the stuff that is being written mostly against the idea. I am stuck by the mostly pseudo intellectual arguments that is being written, I am wondering whether there is no other approach to this issue; and after reading the article the article of Dr. Nihal Jayawickrame in ‘The Island’ last Sunday, it was virtually like the last straw that broke the back of the camel! I thought I must respond to this pseudo intellectualism. For instance he asks whether it is proper for Buddhists to approve judicial killings. Now let us stop kidding. I think Dr. J is trying to pull wool over our eyes. It is true that it is more than 2000 years ago the first disciple of the Buddha took upon himself I shall not take life”. Does it mean that no Buddhist has ever killed anybody since then? Several Kings came to listen to and discuss Dhamma with the Buddha. Did he ever ask the kings not to execute criminals in their kingdoms, as it was the criminal justice system of the day, because that was contrary to what he preached? He left state craft to the kings, because it was not his business. He was one who left his kingdom in search of a truth which was beyond statecraft. In fact, among the Jataka Tales there is a story where he as a Bodhisthva king tried to mix criminal justice with Dhamma, messed up the whole system and was forced leave kingship to the jungles for meditation. So it is not necessary to re-discover wheel all over again. The two does not go together like cheese and cake. Thus, it is not necessary to misdirect ourselves with such false arguments.

Then there is another situation for us to learn from. We had an unending Terrorist ‘war’ running for thirty years. All these intellectuals both local and foreign, and of course the usual do gooders like the US , Canada, UK and Europeans, mostly one time colonialists, told us that it was an ‘unwinnable war’ and that the only way out was through negotiation. But when they had such problems like in Iraq, Libya of Syria they had no hesitation to using unethical and uncivilized means to achieve their targets. At last, a villager from the paddy fields of down South came up, he probably knew little English and may even have been originally a village thug (!). He said that is enough” and took on the Terrorists head on, and finished the matter! And now what? The hypocrites of the West are splitting their hairs, to send him to gallows for ‘war crimes’! And our intellectuals are with them. When the Terrorists were creating havoc here they were all in hiding, pontificating; they sent their children abroad for protection and education. Now that peace is restored, they preach that to rejoice the hard earned freedom is nothing but ‘triumphalism’, when the WWII victory is still being celebrated in the West. Isn’t this funny logic?

Now another villager who also knows little English and therefore his mind not cluttered with pseudo intellectualism, has come from the backwoods of Polonnaruwa (difficult to pronounce for Anglophiles of Colombo!), wants to hang some convicted drug dealers to see whether he could reduce the drug problem that is stalking this country, like Duterte of Philippines. Duterte told his detractors and Western critics Go to hell. I owe an explanation only to people of my country.” Such commonsense is abhorrent to these people.

This man, Maithripala, for whom 62 ½ lakhs of people had voted (though now we cannot find them!) has, let us admit, dealt the biggest damage on the Drug world here so far, and wants to see whether he could deal it a knockout blow if possible, may be as a political gambit. But is willing to go with it unlike any of his predecessors dared to, whether it is unethical or not according to conventional intellectual thinking of which he does not know. He, in his naivety, seems to think unprecedented problems need unprecedented solutions”. Why not let him have a go ahead and watch the outcome, especially since we too do not have a solution?

His detractors may say how could you play with other people’s life like that? But let us not forget that he is the President for whom 6 and a half million people voting directly, whether we like it or not now. Does he reflect the majority view of the people with whom sovereignty is said to lie? These intellectuals seem to equate their acquired views to be the view of the people. Isn’t this simple humbuggery? I am told that when the Daily Mirror carried out a public poll on this, 63% had voted for hanging.

Besides, look at the enormous extent of social devastation that the Drug menace is doing to this country. Why are these pseudo intellectuals not addressing this major aspect of the problem? How can one argue only looking at a single facet of this matter? Besides this, this menace is corrupting the entire Prison system. The day it will corrupt and intimidate the other limbs of the criminal justice system is not too far away. It is common knowledge that our political system has already become a victim of the Drug mafia. Is the Opposition Leader and the Prime Minister expecting financial support from the Drug lords at the coming elections?  Otherwise why cannot they not keep their gaps shut in this critical moment?

I am told that countries like Malaysia and Singapore have the death penalty for Drug dealers. And their drug problem seem to be contained. I also recall that when some Australian drug smugglers were to be hung in Malaysia some time ago, the Western detractors and Human Rights people appealed to that government, Malaysia’s reply was: Just respect our laws”. Why cannot we an independent country think like that? What is this backboneless servile thinking?

These intellectuals are horrified at the suggestion of bringing back capital punishment as inhuman and uncivilized. But thousands of people die on the roads due to driving like maniacs. So many hundreds are murdered daily in society, so many commit suicide. We have not seen concern expressed on all these tragedies and remedies suggested by these grandees. Then, who is concerned with the victims of these crimes. They and their families suffer in silence. There is no one to care for or bring solace to them. Also convictions in these cases is rare to come by. The slightest benefit of the doubt is given to the suspect. Trials are woefully delayed. Witnesses are intimidated and some die. While all this is happening around us, these pseudo intellectuals raise such a hue and cry when someone tries to do something decisive. I wonder whether they are genuinely concerned about human welfare. As far as I see, in this imperfect world there are no perfect answers to all these problems. Yet something has to be done, no doubt.

Some of them argue on the level of proof and judicial procedures. It is quite well known of the existing due process in operation. It is detailed as practically as possible to avoid a mistake by this fine comb procedure. The Sathasivam case is in fact an example where benefit of doubt was eventually given in favour of the accused. There are many other examples.

Then Dr. J has questioned the manner in which the President has selected the four persons to be hanged from among the drug offenders. As long as they are all drug offenders who are duly condemned to death, does it so much matter which one is taken first or second? I am told there is a convict who was held responsible for having Judge Ambepitiya who found him guilty, killed? For whose sake did that Judge do that? So what is the limit for ‘retributive justice’? Isn’t there some conclusion in these matters? Can good governance be maintained like that? We know of the grave situation prevailing in some Latin American countries like Columbia, Bolivia and Mexico where governance has become virtually impossible, that at a point no one was willing to become the IGP in Mexico. Things are bad here. But need we wait doing nothing till we come to that pass arguing whether death penalty is good or bad? Let some common sense prevail.

We are told by the Police Anti-Narcotics Bureau that this country is considered a soft target for drug trafficking because of the soft laws and corrupt politicians. This shows that unless someone takes a drastic step as this even as an experiment, we are doomed to eventually become a drug heaven.

Dr. J had ended his article in persuading the President to change his mind with the following quotation:

…execution of the death penalty as described by Professor Chris Barnard:

“The man’s spinal cord will rupture at the point where it enters the skull, electro-chemical discharges will send his limbs flailing in a grotesque dance, eyes and tongue will start from the facial apertures under the assault of the rope and his bowels and bladder may simultaneously void themselves to soil the legs and drip on the floor”.

I recall that a beautiful eighteen year school girl in Kayts Island was gang raped and killed in brought daylight that scandalized the entire nation. One accused had even videoed it to make money out of it by showing it in Switzerland. I would like to ask Dr. J whether this unfortunate girl would have felt much different when raped by five people and killed. Just imagine that such things happen in our midst in our country where we too live. How should we deal with it?

I am still not promoting judicial killing. But want to highlight the fact that this is not an open and shut matter where we could pontificate on right and wrong. Let some common sense also prevail.

Sugath Samarasinghe

Robberies in broad daylight

July 14th, 2019

Dr Sarath Obeysekera 

In colloquial sinhala we have words like Kamba horu, pal  horu, neelakasa horu, ali horu, Karawala horu , Ali baba Saha horu hathaliya, jaraa horu , and  may  be few more pseudonyms ,to name a few who are robbers.

When you read about the robbing which had taken place in Sri Lankan Air lines published in Sunday Paper today  and plethora of newspaper articles about Robbing the Central Bank , we Sri Lankan should start seriously think before we place of cross to elect next parliament and their leaders.

There was s news item sometime back when a girl trespassed into a coconut land and stole few coconuts because she did not have money to eat , the judge almost put her in the prison.

But the crooks who have stolen national wealth are freely roaming around .

When we heard about chief of staff of the head of the state and another head of a State Corporation being caught red handed when they were counting the loot ,  we remember the Sinhala saying wattath niyarath goyam ka man Kaata pawadami a Amaruwa

{ in a poor translation in means to whom can we complain when Paddy cultivation is consumed by the fence and bund which is supposed to be protecting it

“Power corrupts, and absolute power corrupts absolutely.”

When people get power, they always do mean, dishonest things. We shouldn’t allow anyone to have too much power.

Dr Sarath Obeysekera 

England win Cricket World Cup: Ben Stokes stars in dramatic victory over New Zealand

July 14th, 2019

By Stephan Shemilt Courtesy  BBC Sport at Lord’s

CC Men’s Cricket World Cup final, Lord’s
New Zealand 241-8 (50 overs): Nicholls 55, Woakes 3-37, Plunkett 3-42
England 241 all out (50 overs): Stokes 84, Buttler 59, Neesham 3-43, Ferguson 3-50
England win after super over
Scorecard

England beat New Zealand to win the men’s World Cup for the first time after one of the most amazing games of cricket ever played was tied twice.

In an emotional and electric atmosphere at Lord’s, both sides scored 241 in their 50 overs and were level on 15 when they batted for an extra over apiece.

It meant England were crowned world champions by virtue of having scored more boundary fours and sixes – 26 to New Zealand’s 17 – in the entire match.

That it even got to that stage was astonishing in itself and came as a result of a barely believable conclusion at the home of cricket – the first tie in a World Cup final.

England required 15 from the last over of the regular match. Ben Stokes hit a six and then benefited when a throw from the deep hit his bat as he dived for ground and was inadvertently deflected for four overthrows.

He could not get the two needed from the last ball – Mark Wood was run out coming back for the second – but ended 84 not out and joined Jos Buttler for the super over.

In glorious evening sunshine, they were roared on by a febrile crowd that belted out Sweet Caroline in the change of innings.

When New Zealand replied, Jimmy Neesham hit Jofra Archer’s third ball for six, then scrambled to leave Martin Guptill needing two from the last delivery.

As Jason Roy’s throw came in from deep mid-wicket, a diving Guptill was short when Buttler removed the bails, sending England and the whole of Lord’s into delirious celebration.

https://www.bbc.co.uk/sport/cricket/48983890

Sajith’s wife speaks as future first lady

July 14th, 2019

Courtesy The Daily Mirror

Jalani Premadasa, the wife of Sajith Premadasa on Saturday addressing and event said that she appeared before them as the first lady of future leader of the country.

The first Women’s Conference of the ‘Jathika Maha Sabha’ in Hatton was held at the D.K.W. Cultural Hall in Hatton on Saturday under the patronage of Mrs Premadasa.

I know that you would have to face to many problems, if all of you do not own a land. Even though I cannot give you a quick solution to this, I urge you that I have come in front of you as the first lady of the future leader Sajith Premadasa, who has expectations in your heart,” she said.

Although Minister Sajith Premadasa was unable to attend the event he and I are dedicated to serve the public and do a great service to the poor and the needy,” she said.

She said Sajith Premadasa was a leader who had not confined to the Minister post or to Colombo.
I promise that he would give a solution to your land issues,” she said.(Ranjith Rajapaksha)

Rishad cleared of allegations by CID – Ranil

July 14th, 2019

Yohan Perera Courtesy The Daily Mirror

Prime Minister Ranil Wickremesinghe on Sunday said there were as many as 300 allegations against Minister Bathiudeen and a bulk of them were baseless. “The CID reports have cleared Mr. Bathiudeen,” the Prime Minister said.

After the Easter Sunday attacks there was an allegation that Minister Bathiudeen tried to influence the Army Commander into releasing the son of an acquaintance. However, the army chief later denied and said the minister did not attempt to influence him. The CID had sent a report on Mr. Bathiudeen to the Speaker,” he said addressing a public meeting in Kinniya to mark the opening a building for Kinniya Central College.   

He said instructions had been given to the Parliamentary Select Committee probing the Easter Sunday attacks and the CID to brief Cardinal Malcolm Ranjith.  

Catholics have legitimate concerns about the investigation process. They are entitled to know whether investigations are being carried out properly or not,” he said.   

The CID has completed investigations into the Easter Sunday attacks and a report has been handed over to the Speaker. He had referred it to me and to the Parliamentary Select Committee probing the bomb attacks, the PM said.   

However some people have said they reject the CID reports. They have said they are not satisfied with the investigations that were being carried out with regards to former Minister Rishad Bathiudeen. The reports have cleared Mr. Bathiudeen when it comes to 300 complaints filed against him by various individuals.

However CID has submitted their investigation reports to the Attorney General and had wanted him to file legal action against some suspects. It is not advisable to reject these reports as lawyers for some of those facing charges will be able to argue that it is not possible to file legal action against their clients as certain persons have rejected the CID reports as lacking credibility, the PM added.  

The Prime Minister said all ethnic groups should be proud to be Sri Lankans. The Sinhalese will not lose anything by calling themselves Sri Lankans. Likewise Tamils and Muslims should first think of themselves as Sri Lankan before identifying with their respective ethnicities,” he said.(

Will not allow CBK to destroy UNP’s identity – Ravi

July 14th, 2019

Courtesy Adaderana

Former President Chandrika Bandaranaike and her clan in the UNP will not be allowed to destroy the identity of the party, says Minister Ravi Karunanayake.

The minister stated this addressing the media following a religious event held at Kataragama Kiriwehera last evening (13).

Although Chandrika Bandaranaike is the organizer of Attanagalla electorate, she cannot even win her electorate and it is ridiculous to continue to work with such a person, the minister further said.

Responding to a question raised by a media person on the implementation of the death penalty, the minister said the UNP including himself is against this decision. The death penalty is inappropriate for a country like Sri Lanka, he added.

Amendments to Muslim Marriage and Divorce Act to be presented to Justice Min

July 14th, 2019

Courtesy Adaderana

The proposal with the recommendations to amend the Muslim Marriage and Divorce Act will be presented to the Minister of Justice and Prison Reforms Thalatha Atukorale tomorrow (15), stated MP A. H. M. Fowzie.

The Muslim parliamentarian recently held a meeting to discuss the amendment of the Muslim Marriage and Divorce Act.

The proposal contains 11 amendments to the Act including the legal age for a Muslim marriage.

The amendments include:

-The age of marriage for both the bride and the groom should be 18 years
-The bride should sign the Register of Marriage as a sign of her consent
-Upgrade the required qualification of a Kadi to Attorney-at-Law
-Permit female Kadis (women who will adjudicate family law of Muslims)

The draft bill, which contains the relevant proposals, is to be tabled at the parliament after gaining the approval of the Cabinet of Ministers.

Intelligence officers shouldn’t be exposed through media – Mahinda

July 14th, 2019

Courtesy Adaderana

State Intelligence Officers including the Head of the State Intelligence Service should not be revealed through media, says the Leader of the opposition Mahinda Rajapaksa.

He expressed these views speaking to journalists in Colombo, today (14).

A group of women who sell flowers near the Mihintale sacred sites called on the Opposition Leader today.

They informed Rajapaksa on a decision taken to remove their stalls from the area.

The Opposition Leader then responded to the questions posed by media personnel.

Millennium Challenge Corporation in Sri Lanka

July 14th, 2019

By C. A. Chandraprema Courtesy The Island

article_image

The controversy over the involvement of the Millennium Challenge Corporation (MCC) in Sri Lanka has now come to a head. MCC was created in the early years of the new millennium by the Bush Administration as an aid distribution programme for developing countries that are inclined to ‘govern justly, invest in their people and encourage economic freedom’. The formation of the new body was in recognition of the fact that the US development assistance programmes, which existed at the time, had consistently failed to meet their stated goals. Despite decades of economic aid, most recipients are poorer now than they were before first receiving development assistance. From 1980 to 2000, the United States had disbursed $167 billion in aid to 156 developing countries; but among the 97 countries for which reliable economic data for that period are available, median per capita gross domestic product (GDP) had declined from $ 1,076 in 1980 to $ 994 in 2000!  The MCC is thus supposed to be an experimental programme that seeks to explore new strategies to improve the effectiveness of development assistance programmes.

We now have the honour of being one of the guinea pigs testing out the efficacy of the aid programmes of MCC. One complicating factor is that the American aid organisation will be investing only USD 480 million in Sri Lanka in a situation where the government’s foreign borrowing through sovereign bonds during the first half of this year alone was USD 4.5 billion. With a government that has borrowed not tens of millions but tens of billion of US Dollars during a period of three or four years, a grant of 480 million is too small even to register on the scale. At the time the Millennium Challenge Corporation was created in the early years of this millennium, 300 or 400 million USD was considered a colossal amount of money in Sri Lanka.

The pledge of a concessionary loan from China of USD 300 million to build the first phase of the Norochchcolai power plant during the last years of the Chandrika Kumaratunga government was welcomed at that time as a major breakthrough. Since that time, much water has flown under the bridge and Sri Lanka has moved from being a low income country to an upper middle income country and the government that came into power in January 2015 commenced an era of mega foreign borrowings to pay for the election related government expenditure they incurred to win the 2015 August Parliamentary election. A grant of 480 million USD would have been a significant aid package during the Rajapaksa government. The present government would borrow 480 million USD in a single afternoon through the issue of Sri Lanka Development Bonds.   

According to MCC criteria, countries must qualify as low income or lower middle income countries according to the World Bank’s classification in order to be eligible for MCC grants. On the 1st of July this year, the World Bank classified Sri Lanka as an upper middle income country with a per capita income in excess of $ 3,895. However, by that time the MCC grant for Sri Lanka had already been passed and in any event according to MCC criteria, when a country’s classification changes, it wil retain its former classification for a further two years.   

Veil of secrecy over MCC project

As with everything else, the controversy over the MCC project is largely due to the lack of transparency in the doings of the government. Ironically, the MCC in selecting partner countries, uses an indicator that measures a country’s commitment among other things, to the freedom of information. Yet the very thing that is missing about the agreement that has been entered into by this government and the MCC is information! One would think that when the Opposition and members of the general public begin to voice misgivings about a deal that the government has struck with some foreign party, the first thing any government should do is to immediately launch a programme to explain to the public what the deal is about and how it is supposed to benefit Sri Lanka.

The controversy over the MCC has now been at the forefront of political discourse for months but the government has done nothing to enlighten the public the benefits that it is supposed to bestow on Sri Lanka. As of now, all that the public knows is that the USA will be giving Sri Lanka a grant of $480 million to carry out the work involved. This grant was the ‘silver lining’ that Finance Minister Mangala Samaraweera Mangala saw in the dark cloud that covered Sri Lanka after the Easter Sunday bombings. All that the public knows about this project is the limited information that is available on the MCC website. What the website says is that MCC seeks to assist the Sri Lanka Government in addressing two of the country’s binding constraints to economic growth, namely, inadequate transport logistics infrastructure and planning; and lack of access to land for agriculture, the services sector, and industrial investors.

The MCC website further states that the Transport Project aims to increase the relative efficiency and capacity of the road network and bus system in the Colombo Metropolitan Region and to reduce the cost of transporting passengers and goods between the central region of the country and ports and markets in the rest of the country. The stated goal of the Land Project is to increase the availability of information on private land and underutilized state lands or all land in Sri Lanka to which the government is lawfully entitled or which may be disposed of by the government, in order to increase land market activity. The MCC Land Project is supposed increase tenure security and tradability of land for smallholders, women, and firms through policy and legal reforms. The picture that the public has of the transport project is that a road transport corridor is to be set up between the ports of Colombo and Trincomalee with the Americans having an interest in the port of Trincomalee.

Neither the government nor the MCC has published anything that would enlighten the public any further. Even though money has been allocated for this project, nobody has seen a proper project description or a diagram of how that effect is to be achieved. While the Mahaweli project was being built, everybody knew what was being built and where. If the ‘efficiency and capacity of the road network and bus system in the Colombo Metropolitan Region’ was to be improved and ‘the cost of transporting passengers and goods between the central region of the country and ports and markets in the rest of the country’ was to be reduced, that would give the government a much-needed boost and one would think that they would have turned this into one of their main trumps in their re-election bid as well. Yet the government has been inexplicably secretive about the whole MCC project. The government’s silence on what exactly is going to be done under this project is what is fuelling speculation and suspicion.

If it ain’t broke, why fix it?

The goal of the Land Project has been explicitly stated as seeking to increase the availability of information on private land and underutilized state lands or all land in Sri Lanka to which the government is lawfully entitled or which may be disposed of by the government. The aim was to increase land market activity. The Land Project is supposed to increase tenure security and tradability of land for smallholders, women, and firms. The target clearly is state owned land. In Sri Lanka, we have freehold properties that belong to individuals or companies and then there is state owned land a portion of which is utilized directly by the government and a portion which remains allocated for other purposes of the republic such as forest reserves and the like and another potion of state land is held by the public under lease or licencing arrangements.

It is obviously the latter that the MCC is targeting. Even though such state owned lands have been alienated to individuals under licensing or long term lease arrangements, the tenants on these lands enjoy security of tenure because the government will not simply kick them off the land if it is cultivated and used productively. The lease holder or lisencee will be adequately compensated before the government takes back a state land which has been given to private individuals for farming or other purposes. We almost never hear of even the smallest of smallholders being unreasonably evicted from state owned land that had been leased or given to them on a license by the state. Furthermore, the state owned land given out to individuals can change hands and be sold. There is a separate market for leasehold or licenced land holdings with the price being somewhat lower than in the case of freehold land.

Such land can also be passed down from generation to generation provided the land had been utilized productively. When the  Department of Rural Development and Land Reform in South Africa proposed an overhaul of the country’s land holding system, what they proposed was that state land be under lease-hold and private land be under freehold with limited extent while foreign ownership should be linked to productivity and partnership models with South African citizens. That is much like the system that prevails in Sri Lanka at present. If something is not broken, why try to mend it? Admittedly, recipients of state owned land on lease will face issues when trying to raise money from banks with the land pledged as surety. Banks prefer freehold land. Only the high value customers with a proven track record would stand a chance of being able to raise money by pledgeing a lease on a state owned land as surety. In such an environment, startups would have little or no chance.

However, one would think that this was a problem that had to be dealt with at the level of the banks instead of trying to give leaseholders freehold tenure. If leaseholds on state land can be bought and sold between citizens of Sri Lanka and their only problem is the inability to use that lease as collateral, the answer to that can’t be the wholesale transformation of such lands into freehold tenures. There is besides, the well-founded fear that if state owned lands which are at present farmed by individuals on leasehold or lisencing arrangements are turned into freehold properties, it will not be long before unscrupulous elements lay their hands on these lands creating a landless rural population.

The fact that the land is owned by the state discourages fragmentation of the land and strategic buying up of cheap land by organized parties as what happened in Palestine before the creation of Israel. In a country like ours, this is a paramount consideration when discussing land policy. In this country, even a leasehold land has a monetary value which is below the value of a similar freehold property and the banks should be encouraged to lend to leaseholders at least to the extent of the reduced value of the land without turning away leaseholders wholesale. When we look at the Land Rights and Access indicator of the MCC we see that the kind of land reform that they have in mind would be applicable to countries in sub-Saharan Africa which don’t even have governments worth the name rather than countries like ours.

The MCC’s Access to Land indicator assesses the extent to which the institutional and legal framework provides secure land tenure and equitable access to land in rural areas. They look at the extent to which the law guarantees secure tenure for land rights of the poor; the extent to which the law guarantees secure land rights for women and other vulnerable groups; the extent to which land is titled and registered etc. Sri Lanka has no major issues with regard to any of those benchmarks. The MCC also looks at how long it takes to register property and the time taken to transfer the property title from the seller to the buyer so that the buyer can use the title for expanding business, as collateral in taking new loans, or, if necessary, to sell to another business. Sri Lanka does not have any major issues with regard to such matters either.

The MCC also looks at the cost to register property as a percentage of the value of the property. The latter is one area where vast improvement is needed in Sri Lanka not because of the cost in registering the land per se, but in the duties charged by our exploitative government on land transactions which drives up the transaction cost. That however is a matter that only the Sri Lankan government can address. The exorbitant duties charged on land transactions goes for the maintenance of the white elephants known as the provincial councils. Most people doing land transactions would have found that the provincial council does not necessarily accept the cost of the land as stated on the deed but they do a valuation on their own and the tax that has to be paid is calculated on the basis of that estimated value. The only genuine problem that Sri Lankans have with regard to land tenure and other issues is the exploitative attitude of the government which seeks to make a killing off land transactions.  

The MCC states that secure land tenure gives people long-term incentives to invest and to use land as collateral for loans. Sri Lanka’s rand reform laws enacted in the 1970s was instrumental in fixing a ceiling on land ownership. According to the Land Reform Laws No:1 of 1972 and No: 39 of 1975 brought by the then SLFP government, the maximum extent of agricultural land which may be owned by any person, was twenty-five acres of paddy land and fifty acres of other agricultural land. There have been strident calls for the abolition of this ceiling in order to encourage commercial agriculture. That too is not something that would require the intervention of a foreign donor organization.

Cloak and dagger development work

The MCC, which uses an indicator that measures a country’s commitment to the freedom of information in order to qualify for a programme, has been very reticent with information on what exactly it is doing in Sri Lanka. The MCC freedom of information indicator measures a government’s commitment to enable or allow information to move freely in society. This indicator is based on the degree of press freedom; the status of national freedom of information laws; and a measure of internet filtering. The MCC website even has a lecture on how information flows relate to growth and poverty reduction. The following is what the MCC says about the importance of free information flows:

“Governments play a role in information flows; they can restrict or facilitate information flows within countries or across borders. Many of the institutions (laws, regulations, codes of conduct) that governments design are created to manage the flow of information in an economy. Countries with better information flows often have better quality governance and less corruption. Higher transparency and access to information have been shown to increase investment inflows …”

The MCC uses several indicators to measure a country’s eligibility for grants including the freedom of information mentioned earlier. Among the other indicators are the following:  Ruling Justly – prevalence of free and fair electoral processes; political pluralism and participation of all stakeholders; government accountability and transparency; freedom from domination by the military, foreign powers(!), totalitarian parties, religious hierarchies and economic oligarchies; and the political rights of minority groups. Civil Liberties – freedom of expression and belief; association and organizational rights; rule of law and human rights; and personal autonomy and economic rights.

Government Effectiveness – the quality of public service provision; civil servants’ competency and independence from political pressures; and the government’s ability to plan and implement sound policies, among other things. Rule of Law – the extent to which, the public has confidence in and abides by the rules of society; the incidence and impact of violent and non-violent crime; the effectiveness, independence, and predictability of the judiciary; the protection of property rights; and the enforceability of contracts. Control of Corruption – “Grand corruption” in the political arena; the frequency of petty corruption; the effects of corruption on the business environment; and the tendency of elites to engage in “state capture,” among other things. 

There are also some economic indicators such as the following: Fiscal Policy – government borrowing as a percent of the GDP averaged over a three year period. Inflation – The most recent average annual change in consumer prices. Regulatory Quality – the burden of regulations on business; price controls; the government’s role in the economy; and foreign investment regulation. Trade Policy – openness to international trade based on average tariff rates and non-tariff barriers to trade.

Land Rights and Access – the institutional, legal, and market framework to provide secure land tenure and equitable access to land in rural areas and the time and cost of property registration in urban and peri-urban areas.

According to Sri Lanka’s scorecard for 2019 published on the MCC website, Sri Lanka has passed the tests for Political Rights, Civil Liberties, Control of Corruption (!!), Government Effectiveness (!!!) and the Rule of Law. SL has failed the tests for the Freedom of Information (which is not surprising given how little information there is about what MCC is doing in Sri Lanka.) When it comes to the economic indicators, SL has passed the tests for Inflation, Regulatory Quality, Trade Policy, Business Start-Up, but failed on Fiscal Policy, Land Rights and Access to Credit.

Robbing workers’ savings

July 14th, 2019

The Editorial on  Monday 15th July, 2019 Courtesy The Island

Opposition Leader and former President Mahinda Rajapaska has taken up cudgels for the working class. He has warned of a government move to rob the Employees’ Provident Fund (EPF) by removing the Central Bank (CB) from the purview of the Ministry of Finance. A bill has been prepared to amend the Finance Act for that purpose, he says.

That the incumbent government is trying to dip into the 2.5-trillion-rupee superannuation fund is no secret. First, it sought to separate the EPF from the CB, but in vain. True, there is a conflict of interest on the part of the CB, which is tasked with raising funds for the state coffers at the lowest possible interest rates while trying to get the highest possible interest rates for the EPF, whose monies are mostly invested in government securities. But what matters most is the efficient administration and the safety of the EPF. The CB is one of the few professionally run state institutions. But for the intrepid whistleblowers among the CB officials, the bond scams which had a devastating impact on the EPF among others perhaps would not have come to light.

As for the EPF, successive governments have been behaving like greedy canines near a meat stall. Given half a chance they will rob workers’ savings. The Rajapaksa government was also salivating over the EPF. It sought to introduce a private sector pension scheme, which, on the face of it, looked a pro-worker move. But if it had been implemented, workers, upon retirement, would have had to settle for paltry sums a month by way of pensions; they would have been denied the right to lump sum withdrawals, which can be deposited with banks or other financial institutions, which offer much higher interest rates. When President Rajapaksa proposed that pension scheme through a national budget, we argued, in this space, that it would lead to disaster. Thousands of FTZ workers took to the streets in 2011, when an attempt was made to force the private pension scheme down their throats, and a brutal crackdown on protests left a worker dead.

EPF returns have since dipped to 9.5 percent! If governments and their leaders are really concerned about the private sector workers’ savings, they should do away with the extortionate taxes amounting to billions of rupees on the EPF. Trade unions are either really dumb or playing dumb. They are not fighting against the draconian tax system. Many private sector workers are taxed several times over. They have to pay the PAYE tax on their monthly earnings including their EPF contributions. Their savings in their superannuation fund are taxed again. Their lump sum withdrawals are also taxed. When their savings are deposited with banks, etc., they are made to pay withholding and other taxes. Trade union leaders are busy licking the boots and sandals of their political leaders and, frustratingly, workers also do not care to fight for their rights.

Those who are in power today alleged, before the 2015 regime change, that the EPF had been a victim of sordid pump and dump operations carried out by some moneybags close to the former ruling clan. They promised to probe the scams and bring the culprits to justice. Instead, they themselves got involved in bond scams, and the pump and dump racketeers who caused heavy losses to the EPF got away with their crimes.

President Maithripala Sirisena has appointed various probe commissions and committees; some of them have yielded discernible results. The bond probe commission is a case in point. The PRECIFAC also helped expose malpractices under the previous dispensation, but the promised action has not been taken against the culprits because the President and some members of the former regime have kissed and made up.

Private sector workers and their trade unions must call for a special commission of inquiry to probe the EPF and the losses it has suffered. They must not leave the fight for their rights to wily politicians who shed copious tears for them.

LISTEN TO THE ROARING LAMBS

July 13th, 2019

By  Rohana R. Wasala

It would probably not be an exaggeration to say that more outrage was expressed by interested parties at an incidental comment made by the Most Venerable Warakagoga Gnanarathana, the Mahanayake Thera of the Asgiriya Chapter, during an anusasanawa (homily) than at the April 21 Easter Sunday suicide bombings by Wahhabi Islamists. He was presiding over a religious event conducted at the Dodamwela Diyakelinawela Kitsirimewan Raja Maha Viharaya on June 15, 2019. The social and printed media were immediately awash with condemnations of the senior monk’s remarks taken out of their context. They tried to stress the monk’s alleged pro-Sinhalese Buddhist extremism and his anti-Muslim hatred. They have decided that the Mahanayake Thera has committed an offence that is worse than what the Islamist suicide bomber Saharan did and what the doctor at Kurunegala hospital is accused of having done, put together.

An Indian website (The Wire) reported that hundreds of Muslim refugees fled Negambo as communal tensions flared up, following the Mahanayake Thera’s speech (Since no Sri Lankan source confirmed it, this could very well be a fabrication). The same website quoted  Mangala Samaraweera, minister of finance, as having stated that ‘true Buddhists’ should unite against the ‘Talibanization’ of the religion. Paikiasothy Saravanamuttu of the NGO known as the Centre for Policy Alternatives (CPA) lodged a complaint with the Acting Inspector General of Police C.D. Wickremaratne against the monk, wanting him to be arrested for allegedly saying, according to Saravanamuttu’s interpretation, that a certain Muslim doctor should be stoned to death for the crime of having surreptitiously sterilized a large number of Sinhalese mothers without their prior knowledge and consent by restricting the fallopian tube during cesarean section operations that he had  performed at a hospital in Kurunegala. (The problem is that this racist NGO Tamil with no following even among his own people refuses to recognise the gravity of the allegations against the doctor.) The CPA also made a complaint to the UNHCR High Commissioner Michelle Bachelet, who, in an immediate response during her address to the organization’s 41st Session, has expressed concern about statements made by ‘certain religious leaders advocating violence’. The Dalai Lama (obviously fed with false news from similarly biased sources) has condemned the Asgiriya Prelate’s alleged comment without reservations, and his criticism is likely to have a negative impact even on Buddhist opinion around the world regarding the senior Sri Lankan monk’s random remarks and more importantly, on their impressions about inter-communal  and interreligious relations in Sri Lanka, which, in reality, remain quite healthy. The case represents one tragic aspect of Sri Lankans’ present sorry plight. They are reported on by local and global media that don’t or pretend not to, understand them or their problems, or their different ethnic identities; most unfortunate of all is their deliberate oversight of the real existential threats that Sri Lankans as a nation are actually facing.

Part of the problem is the fact that only a person who knows the subtly expressive Sinhala colloquial idiom well and is familiar with the sort of speech context in which the words were uttered can be expected to understand what the monk really said without misconstruing his meaning. Non-Sinhala speakers who depend on translations (often distorted) naturally miss out what the speaker left unsaid to be inferred by the immediate listeners. The different English translations I saw in the media deliberately misinterpret the passionate  but peaceful message of the monk. The occasion for such misreporting arises from these monks’ own remissness in being careful about their language, particularly at a time like this. The language they habitually use could convey unintended meanings to those unfamiliar with their idiom.  

In Saravanamuttu’s complaint, the Mahanayake Thera is reported to have spoken these words in a ‘sermon’ implying that he preached violence. An ‘anusasanawa’ is not a sermon, but an informal homily that suits the occasion. By that mistranslation, the NGO activist was probably implying that the Thera was giving a religious imprimatur for the violent actions he mentioned in his casual remarks to be actually carried out  (though ethnically Tamil Saravanamuttu knows that Indian religions do not advocate violence on any grounds); of course, it is possible that the error is due to his ignorance of the real meaning of the Sinhala term ‘anusasanawa’.

 Like on a previous occasion that involved the Ven. Anunayake Thera of the same Asgiriya Chapter in a similar, but more private context, who became a target for attack as an advocate of Hitlerism, a regrettable  verbal faux pas has led to this present furore among anti-nationalist forces over alleged racism and religious intolerance led by Buddhist monks against Muslims. In each situation, the speaker narrowly focused on the audience before him and failed to take into account the public outside of that context, much less the global community waiting to condemn the Sinhalese Buddhist majority on the slightest pretext that emerges for them to denounce their alleged racist  and religious extremism against minorities.

 In reality though, the monk’s controversial remarks were partly meant to let the steam off among the Sinhala community shocked by  the genocidal implications of forced sterilization allegations raised against a Muslim doctor in a Kurunegala hospital by the name of Shafi Shihabdeen. These sterilizing allegations, along with some similar earlier allegations made in different unrelated contexts, have been pooh-poohed by government authorities, but are claimed to be supported with evidence by non-political activists  including an internationally recognized medical science professor. The government could have easily allayed people’s fears by having these allegations duly investigated in a credible transparent manner. But, going by media reports, this does not seem to be yet happening. Hence, there is no let up in the societal tension that has been created by the uninvestigated complaints against the doctor. 

The Lanka C News online journal in an exclusive news report (July 4, 2019) said that an internal investigation conducted by the Kurunegala hospital has confirmed the sterilization and other allegations such as illegal LRT surgeries done without the consent of the mother or father raised against the Muslim doctor. The same source carries another report where it is said that the Police CID has informed the Defence Secretary that since no evidence at all has been found to show that the doctor is a member of the National Thawheed Jamat (NTJ) or of any other terrorist group, it is not justifiable to detain him any longer. Young activist Professor Channa Jayasumana who features in the first report (i.e., the one about the investigation done by the Kurunegala hospital) has placed the authentic information that he has before the public. However, it is usual these days for patriotic monks and lay activists to be branded as racists and extremists by inimical anti-nationalist agents, who equate nationalism with racism for their convenience. 

It is against this background that UPFA MP of the Joint Opposition Romesh Pathirana, himself a doctor, urged in Parliament (July 11) that an epidemiological and statistical study be conducted in response to these allegations. Over 1000 complaints received against Dr Shafi after 4,732 caesarean section operations done by him suggest that about 25% of the mothers he had operated on could have developed secondary subfertility. This figure is unusually high when compared to the world average of 10%, MP Pathirana pointed out. Meanwhile, the Sinhala daily ‘Divaina’ (July 12) reported that the Kurunegala magistrate (July 11) ordered the Dean of the Colombo University Medical Faculty to provide suitable recommendations on the correct methodology to be adopted in holding the HSG (Histerosalpinogram) Test for Blocked Fallopian Tubes through a committee comprising five professors of the faculty. All this reflects the seriousness of the sterilization allegations that was one factor that coloured the mental preoccupations of the senior monk and his audience in that particular context.

 As reported in the online Lanka C News (July 3, 2019), at a special press gathering held at Kirulapane Bodhi Bauddha Mandiraya a day before, Ven Galaboda-Aththe Gnanasara Thera, leader of the Bodu Bala Sena, revealed where in reality racism and extremism exist. He illustrated his point by having a 38 year old Muslim woman from Bandaragama Atalugama named Abdul Hasat Fatima Haifa who is married to a Sinhalese Buddhist man explain to the media the ordeal that she and her two children aged 11 and 7 were subjected to by her parents’ family and her Muslim neighbours in their hundreds for marrying a Sinhalese Buddhist man. They allegedly pushed the mother and her children along the road to the police station, she claimed. She blamed the Bandaragama police officers for failing to do enough to protect them from assault and harassment by Muslim men. The Thera stated that every man and woman must have the right to marry any person (of their choice) belonging to any race or religion. This, he stressed, should hold for Muslim women as well. The press briefing was prior to the BBS convention which was to be held in Kandy on July 7, 2019. 

A number of other individual monk and lay activists and groups have done a lot of work to expose the growing Wahhabist scourge in Sri Lanka and to alert the authorities, but, to date, in vain. A well known young activist named Amith Weerasinghe, who was jailed in connection with the incidents at Kundasale that took place about a year ago is reported to be on conditional bail. He headed an organization, now banned, that he claims had a membership that comprised some 273,000 young men and women. (This fact alone makes him an invaluable potential asset to politicians. But he vows he will have no truck with them; he says they have shown no genuine concern with the Islamist problem that he has been trying to raise public awareness of.) He had gathered a lot of information about the clandestine activities of Islamic extremists; he also had reported to the authorities a Muslim-owned pharmacy in the neighbourhood of Kandy with a number of outlets in other places that sells expired drugs, though without success. Weerasinghe is 28 years old, married, with two children. He has twenty-five cases pending against him, all filed against him in the course of his work for the nation done without any ulterior motives and against Islamic extremism, as he claims. 

Ven. Ampitiye Sumanaratana Thera (50) is known as ‘Madakalapuwe Hamuduruwo’, a hero, who is an intrepid campaigner constantly threatened with assassination by Islamists, but he provides refuge to poor people of all three communities, while  living among a community that is being terrorised by extremists where he often berates publicly some of the government employees there including some police officers for failing in their duty by the people. During the war, this monk looked after wounded LTTE cadres as well as wounded SL army soldiers brought to his temple for help, he claims. The biased media have projected him as a violent monk. He is not. Only his speech is violent, and that is directed at errant government officers, who, he alleges, are guilty of dereliction of duty under the influence of Wahhabists enriched by oodles of petro-dollars coming from their sponsors in the oil-rich middle-east. Ven. Sumanaratana has been able to do a lot of work for the dispossessed Sinhalese minority suffering discrimination even at the hands of certain corrupt government officials at the beck and call of Islamic extremists who oil their palms. The monk performs his service with the help of donations received from patriots working abroad. He does not exclude the poor of other communities in that impoverished corner of eastern Sri Lanka, which is covered with ruins of the island’s ancient Buddhist civilization (The deliberate destruction of archaeological evidence of Sinhalese Buddhist history in the eastern and northern provinces has gone on for decades).

At a mass rally held at Nugegoda on July 4 by the National Movement against Wahabi Extremism, Ven. Professor Medagoda Abhayatissa Thera made a startling revelation. It was that more than twenty people had been executed under the sharia law in Kattankudy in the eastern province for various alleged offences including leaving Islam and being a member of the government army. Another instance when the problem of Islamic extremism was raised was when Ven. Athuraliye Ratana Thera MP said, during a heated exchange with a Muslim MP in parliament (July 10), that Wahhabi extremists have prohibited education for girls in the same area, thereby violating their basic human rights. Both monks claim that they have verifiable information to support their complaints.  

The Bodu Bala Sena Convention that took place in Kandy on July 7, 2019 was for ensuring the survival of Sri Lanka as a single sovereign state, where the various majorities and minorities can live in peace and harmony as equal citizens without mutual discrimination on any grounds, under one common law. The key to that ideal is the time honoured Buddhist cultural foundation of the country. It is an inclusive accommodating culture most compatible with secular democratic governance. One of the immediate threats to the nation built on that cultural foundation is the scourge of Wahhabist Islamic extremism, which is apparently being used as a smokescreen by Western imperialists to conceal their secret operations for destabilizing and ultimately destroying Sri Lanka in pursuit of their own selfish geopolitical ends.  The passionate sentiments that the Most Venerable Asgiriya Mahanayake Thera expressed were intended to caution the whole nation to that wolf at the door. 

The proposal for the democratic restoration  of the Sinhala Buddhist State that was ceded to Britain in 1815 through the so-called Kandyan Convention (actually through intrigue) should be seen as a natural reaction to aggressive attempts by external and internal forces to destroy the Sinhalese as a sovereign nation both politically and culturally. Buddhist  monks cannot look on passively until such an eventuality takes place. They have been the Guardians of the land of the Sinhalese, the Sinhala language and the Buddhasasanaya from the time of King Devanampiyatissa of Anuradhapura (307-267 BCE). The monks always protected and guided the Sinhalese kingdom in their own righteous way. They were above the king, who paid obeisance to them. They never advocated violence in any form, but they were not averse to even fighting as soldiers, when it was found unavoidable in countering invasions (For example, King Dhatusena of the 5th century CE was a monk before he led the country to victory against invaders; King Senerath of Kandy of the early 17th CE was also a monk before assuming kingship and he too led operations against foreign occupiers; both of these monks turned monarchs were trained warriors. It was King Senerath who settled Muslims persecuted by the Dutch in Baticaloa. There were no Muslim settlements in that part of the Sinhale kingdom before. What is happening today is a historical irony.)

(Genuine Buddhist monks whether mentioned or not mentioned in this essay are representative members of the Maha Sangha {Community}. They symbolise nonviolence, renunciation and victory over samsaric suffering. In terms of Christian symbolism, they are Lambs. The Lamb of God symbolises the identical virtues of innocence, self sacrifice and ultimate triumph. Hence the title of this article. With apologies to Christian readers. I beg that you don’t take offence.)

මුස්ලිම් කාති උසාවි වලට විරුද්දව දිරිමත් මුස්ලිම් කතක් නැගිටී.. කරන සාහසික අපරාධ හෙලි කරයි.. [Video]

July 13th, 2019

 lanka C news

මුස්ලිම් කාති උසාවි වලට විරුද්දව දිරිමත් මුස්ලිම් කතක් නැගිටී.. කරන සාහසික අපරාධ හෙලි කරයි.. [Video]

මුස්ලිම් ජාතිකයන් වෙනුවෙන් ස්ථාපිතකර ඇති කාති උසාවි මගින් පිරිමි පක්ෂයට පක්ෂපාතී වන ලෙස නඩු තීන්දු ලබා දෙන බව ඌව පරණගම ප්‍රදේශයේ පදිංචිකාරිනියක් වන මුස්ලිම් ජාතික අබ්දුල් හසීනා නම් කතාව චෝදනා කරයි.

මෙම උසාවිය තීන්දු නිසා කාන්තාවන් බහුතරයක් දරුවන් සමග මහමගට ඇද වැටී ඇතැයි ද ඇය කියා සිටියාය.

ඇය මෙම විසින් හෙළිදරව් කරන ලද්දේ තම පියාද සමග දිය නිවසේදී මාධ්‍ය හමුවක් 

අනාගත ජනාධිපති සජිත්ගේ ආර්යාව මමයි..- ජලනි පේ‍්‍රමදාස දේශපාලන වේදිකාව අමතයි.. වේලාසනින්ම ‘ආර්යා’ ඇදුම ඇදගනී.. [Video]

July 13th, 2019

 lanka C news

අනාගත නායක සජිත් පේ‍්‍රමදාස මහතාගේ ආර්යාව තමන් බව ඇමති සජිත් පේ‍්‍රමදාස මහතාගේ බිරිද වන ජලනි පේ‍්‍රමදාස මහත්මිය පවසයි.

ඇය මේ බව කියා සිටියේ හැටන්හිදී පැවති ජාතික මහ සභාවේ හැටන් කලාපයේ පළමු කාන්තා සම්මේලනයේ ප‍්‍රධාන ආරාධිතයා ලෙස සහභාගී වෙමිනි.

ඇය එහිදී මෙසේද කීවාය.

‘ඔබ ඉදිරියට අද ඇවිත් තියෙන්නේ ඔබ ආදරේ කරන, ඔබේ හදවතේ බලාපොරොත්තු ඇති කරගෙන තිබෙන, අනාගත නායක සජිත් ප්‍රේමදාස මැතිතුමාගේ ආර්යාව හැටියටයි මේ ස්ථානයට.

සජිත් ප්‍රේමදාස මැතිතුමාගේ අනාගතය පිළිබඳව ඔබ සියලු දෙනාට විශාල බලාපොරොත්තු රාශියක් තිබෙනවා.

සජිත් ප්‍රේමදාස ඇමතිතුමා කියන්නේ ඇමතිකමකට සීමා නොවී, කොළඹට පමණක් සීමා නොවී, මහජනතාවත් සමඟ එකතුවෙලා මහජනතාවත් සමඟ සිටින නායකයෙක්.

ඔබ සියලු දෙනාගේ මේ ඉඩම් ප්‍රශ්නයට එතුමා අනිවාර්යයෙන්ම ඔබ සියලු දෙනාටම විසඳුමක් ලබාදෙන බවට මම පොරොන්දු වෙනවා.

සජිත් ප්‍රේමදාස ඇමතිතුමා කියන්නේ වචනයට පමණක් සීමා වෙච්චි නායකයෙක් නෙවෙයි.

ඒ ජනතා සේවකයා ඔබ සියලු දෙනාගෙන් මා ඉල්ලා සිටින්නේ එතුමාව ආරක්ෂා කරගන්න එතුමාව බලාගන්න එතුමාට ඔබ සියලු දෙනාට දිය හැකි උපරිම සහයෝගය දෙන්න කියලා’

Fonseka hits out at Sajith for supporting death penalty

July 13th, 2019

Courtesy Adaderana

Field Marshal Sarath Fonseka says that UNP Deputy Leader Sajith Premadasa always fulfills the needs of the President and supports his statements.
 
The UNP Parliamentarian also said that if the incumbent Prime Minister does not stand for candidacy at the upcoming presidential election and if the alternative candidate is not an individual who can contribute to the country, he is opposed to that.

Responding to a question from reporters regarding the implementation of the death penalty, the former Army Commander said that an attempt is being made to hang certain prisoners with the intention of gaining votes.

He said the UNP’s stance is against the death penalty and that they stick by that stance. However, he said that party’s deputy leader Minister Sajith Premadasa always fulfills the needs of the President and approves of his statements.

Fonseka was referring to Premadasa’s recent comments in support of the President’s decision to implement the death penalty against certain convicted drug traffickers.

He also said that before the government was toppled for 51 days, Premadsa had said that the UNP is indebted to the President and after the constitutional crisis ended he commended the President for safeguarding democracy

Elephant calf to be offered to ward off PM’s bad luck – Ananda Sagara Thero

July 13th, 2019

Courtesy Adaderana

Chairman of the ‘Protect Sri Lanka’ national movement Ven. Pahiyangala Ananda Sagara Thero today handed over a letter to the Prime Minister’s Office against an alleged attempt to transfer an elephant calf from the Ridiyagama safari park to private custody, due to political interests.  

The Thero arrived at Temple Trees and somewhat forced his way through the security at the PM’s Office in anger after being told to use a different entrance, resulting in a brief tense situation.

He then returned after handing over the letter, seeking to block an alleged illegal attempt to transfer the elephant calf ‘Isira’ from the park to private custody through political involvement. 

Speaking to reporters outside Temple Trees, Ananda Sagara Thero stated that they have received information that two government ministers are preparing to offer an elephant calf, who is roaming freely in the wild, to the custody of the Kataragama Devalaya, to allegedly ward off the Prime Minister’s bad luck”.

He said the elephant calf is very young and still suckling and that he does not approve of that innocent animal being used for the purpose of being anointed for the presidential election.

The Thero accused Ministers Gamini Jayawickrama Perera and John Amaratunga of being responsible for this illegal attempt. Ananda Sagara Thero also said he could prove his allegations as he is in possession of the recording of a phone conversation.

India’s NIA carry out raids looking for Sri Lankan bomb attack links – report

July 13th, 2019

Courtesy Adaderana

India’s National Investigation Agency (NIA) today carried out raids at multiple places in Chennai and Nagapattinam.

The city offices of Wahdathe Islami Hind at Mannady and Vepery were searched by the investigating officers in connection with Easter Day blasts in Sri Lanka recently.

Three persons are being questioned in connection with the raids, sources told News Today.

According to sources, Wahdathe Islami Hind has its headquarters in Uttar Pradesh and branches at Mannady and Vepery-Poonamalle Road.

Raids began at 6 am at Lingi Chetty Street, Mannady. Following this, two persons, identified as Nizamudeen and Usman, who are said to be managing the centre, were taken in for investigation. Around the same time, NIA team also took into custody Sayyed Mohammed Buhari, the State head of the organistaion. His office, which is in an apartment complex on Vepery-Poonamallee Road, was raided as well,” sources were quoted saying.

NIA officers claimed that the group had contact with some other banned Islamic organisations. They are also inquiring if they were in touch with the perpetrators of Easter Day blast which killed 259 people and left 1,000 injured.

At Nagapattinam, the team raided places in Sikkal and Manjakollai and took two persons for inquiry. They were identified as Hassan Ali and Haris Mohammed.

The NIA team is also probing if they were plotting to murder Hindu leaders. It is said this group communicated via social media.

Based on the Central government’s order, NIA is on a pan-India operation to remove any Islamic State (ISIS) support groups, the media report said.

Investigations revealed that the terrorists involved in the Sri Lanka blasts have had connections with Kerala and Tamilnadu. They allegedly visited both States often and roamed freely.

NIA claims the Wahdathe Islami Hind had an association with banned outfit SIMI. Further searches and investigations are under way.

On 12 June, the NIA had conducted raids at seven locations in Coimbatore in connection with an ISIS module case. And in May, NIA sleuths conducted raids at a house in Kattumannarkoil, Chidambaram.

Source: India Today

-Agencies

From Gujral doctrine to Modi doctrine

July 12th, 2019

Punsara Amarasinghe, PhD researcher,Institute of Law and Politics, Scuola Superiore Sant Anna,Pisa,Italy          

The predictions made by larger number of academics based in Delhi, Mumbai and Calcutta about Indian General elections vouching that Narendra  Modi would not get his second term as prime minister were shattered in reality as Modi could uphold his strong position better than the previous time resulting a steeping success of his Bharatiya Janatha Party which won 302 seats in Indian Lok Saba. The election result has palpably shown a shocking decline of India’s largest political party National Congress led by Rahul Gandhi as Congress could solely win only 52 seats in the legislature. The gob smacking results of the election seems to have given a clear picture of voters pulsation as the ground reality in the sub-continent albeit many pundits made pro congress predictions while accusing Modi’s  poor economic policy and demonetization as two major factors behind the economic crisis India has been facing now.

However, the Himalayan image Indian premier has built up on himself among countries majority Hindu population has been mainly attributed to his stanch belief in Hindu ideology and his image seems to have depicted as a Hindu messiah who has come to regain the deserving place for nationalist forces. It is an important question to focus whether such ideological attitudes possessed by Modi and his Bharatiya Janatha Party would make impacts upon carving India’s foreign policy for next five years. Before reaching the position of Indian premier’s approach towards foreign affairs, particularly regarding South Asia, it becomes an interesting factor to trace how Indian foreign policy on South Asian states were shaped under Gujral Doctrine which happened to be a milestone in Indian foreign policy when it was rendered by minister of external affairs in Dev Gowda’s government in 1996. Basic mantra of Gujral doctrine affirmed India being the larger power in South Asia should not ask for reciprocity, but gives all that it could in good faith to the neighboring countries like Sri Lanka, Bhutan, Nepal, Maldives and Bangladesh. Notably Pakistan was excluded from this benefited category and it further elucidated that no country would allow to be used against the interest of another country in the region. One of another pivotal principle of Gujral doctrine was the noninterference of the internal affairs of the neighboring countries and resolving disputes through amicable bilateral negotiations.

This doctrine has been regarded as a strategy initiated by Mr. Gujral in reducing the influence of both Pakistan and China in a hostile manner while upholding a stable peace with other neighbors. In fact, this doctrine has played an indispensible role as a major principle for many prime ministers since 1996 though none of them had officially admitted the influence of Gujral doctrine over their foreign policy mechanism. Yet the changing winds of Indian foreign policy seems to be evident after the astonishing victory of Narendra  Modi and it would be an interesting task to assess how would Gujral doctrine prevail before the galactic persona of Modi as a leader who seeks much dominating authority in his foreign relations in South Asia. Since Modi became premier in India, its foreign policy was heavily affected by his personal aura and besides his troublesome past of his alleged involvement in the communal violence of Gujarat in 2002 during his tenure as its chief minister, many countries have received him with awe and Russia honored Modi by awarding him the highest state decoration called Order of Saint Andrew the Apostle in 2019.

In understanding his foreign policy for his second term, it becomes salient that his famous slogan neighborhood first” is likely to continue, at least nominally. But the truth in reality is Narendra Modi’s sole personal image driven by his Hindutva ideology would make some lasting impacts in foreign relations with India’s immediate neighbors and beyond it. The next notable factor appears to be stunning in Modi’s foreign policy is that contrary to India’s fervent position of defending secularism, the space for religious diplomacy has rapidly increased for past few years in India’s foreign policy. In the contest between China and India as rivals for decades, it is a question beyond doubt that Chinese political, militarily and economic powers are far ahead of India, yet in terms of soft power mechanism India has successfully forged ahead and Modi’s approach to his foreign relations too has taken a special interest in portraying India’s spiritual legacy to the world extensively as propaganda tool. For example during most of his foreign tours as premier, Modi paid frequent visits to major Hindu, Buddhist and Sikh sacred sites, also his active role in introducing June  21st  as International Yoga Day shows his effort in propagating India’s ancient practice of meditation yoga as a soft power tool beyond the sub-continent.  The utmost veneration towards Indic religions such as Buddhism, Hinduism, Jainism and Sikhism as an important feature in foreign policy had not been a principle practiced by previous Indian prime ministers since Nehru who was a doyen of secularism. On the other hand the notion of Hindutva stemming from Modi’s political party BJP and his personal ideology may confront with carving the foreign policy of India generally. The notion that Hindutva involves an obsession with national power needs to be placed in its historical context. V. D. Savarkar, M. S. Golwalkar, H. V. Sheshadri, and other stalwarts who developed its ideational foundations believed that the golden age of ancient Hindu civilization had been lost owing to material and moral weakness, which had brought it under the prolonged subjugation of Muslim and Christian/ British power. The great iconic personality he has been creating abroad as leader coming from a greater civilization and his ardor of using Hindi as the language of communication in his foreign state visits even though he is well versed in Hindi are the most notable examples showing the way of his foreign policy driven by Hidututva ideology.

Modi’s beginning of his first term was quite optimistic in terms of his attitude to India’s immediate neighbors in South Asia and this was visible as all South Asian leaders were invited to his inaugural ceremony in Delhi in 2014, but throughout his first term it was evident that Modi could not keep his grip over India’s neighbours like Sri Lanka, Nepal, Maldives and Bangladesh where Chinese influence have appeared to be a predominant factor. For instance New Delhi was alleged to have some involvement in toppling former president Mahinda Rajapakse from power yet his successor Maithripala  Sirisena and government of Sri Lankan premier Ranil Wickramasinghe have not been able to completely get rid of Chinese presence in Sri Lanka despite both personalities are known for their pro Indian policies. Modi” s last few months may have brought him a sudden success from the jingoistic voters from Hindu mainstream in India as last February India’s jet fighters crossed into Pakistan territory and engaged in aerial combat in first time in nearly 50 years. In India’s history since independence several prime ministers had confronted Pakistan militarily, yet the propaganda used by Modi convinced the people only he is able to keep India secure from Pakistan.

Cardinal approach likely to be adopted during Modi’s second term on Indian foreign policy has much idealistic feature to uphold Indian hegemony in South Asia and moreover Modi’s foreign policy would pay a much attention in using soft power as a greater strategy in India’s path to global governance. Rise of Xi Jinping as China’s powerful assertive president and his astute actions on expanding Belt and Road initiative across South Asia seems to have created a sneaking agitation in India for past few years. In such a situation Modi’s foreign policy for next four years five years would be decisive in terms of uplifting India’s image a key player.

Press Statement by president SLMC

July 12th, 2019

Prof. Harendra de Silva President Sri Lanka Medical Council

Reference web publication :

and social media dissemination regarding claims about the SLMC.

  1. I was appointed as the President SLMC by the Hon.Minister since January 2019. However to date he has not influenced me on any matter in relation to the proper functioning of the activities of the SLMC.
  2. It is the members of the council that decide on the functions of the SLMC.
    The council consists of, a. President and members appointed by the Minister. b. Dean/Representatives of State Medical/Dental Faculties. c. Members elected to the council.
    Under the elected categories there are four members who represents the GMOA. 3. I wish to emphasize that the primary objective of the SLMC is to safeguard the rights of patients/people. Unfortunately we have no members that represent public in the council.
    It is not a secret that the GMOA safeguards the rights and privileges of doctors which is acceptable, but their political affiliations are transparent. Therefore it is possible that their opinions in the council are influenced by these factors. It is mandatory that the minister in charge of an institution, and in this instance the Minister of Health is responsible for all decisions based on statute and any amendments should be recommended by him, through the cabinet to the parliament. 4. The SLMC ordinance came in to effect in 1927 more than 90 years ago. There have been amendment from time to time. However an overall change in the ordinance is necessary in order to protect the rights of the people/patients and to eliminate as much as possible persons with conflict of interests.
    The proposal to change the ordinance is timely since the ordinance is archaic.
    The cabinet paper was presented for this purpose based on a concept paper developed by a five members committee appointed by the Minister of Health which comprised of the former Attorney General. The proposed task force to draw up a new enactment will consist of a wide spectrum of professionals and lay people in the formulation of the amendments.
  3. Doctors’ trade unions are there to protect the rights of doctors. But not to protect the rights of the patients. I wish this clarifies the allegations made in the GMOA website, against the SLMCA.
  4. Prof. Harendra de Silva President Sri Lanka Medical Council

Open Letter to the Sinhale & Thamizhan Solidarity and Cohesiveness

July 12th, 2019

Kanthar Balanathan, Australia

SriLanka

The contents of this article should be propagated to all SriLankan citizens, especially the Sinhalese and Tamils.   

Analysis

Buddhism is a non-violence advocating philosophy. In the early centuries, the Sinhale were quite peaceful and unobtrusive loving people. The Indians from Pandinadu, Cholanadu, Pallavas came into the island and mass murdered the Sinhale in order to conquer power. The poor Sinhale were quite soft and gave into the invaders. That is how the Tamils were able to settle in all the areas in the South and there are Hindu temples in the South. It is not the Jaffna man who built these temples, but the Indians. Jaffna Tamils cannot beat around the bush that they built these temples thousands of years ago.

During the Portuguese/Dutch era, Portuguese and half cast Portuguese/Dutch known as Burgers held positions in the Police, army, Navy and Air Force and to be selected into the Navy one must be white in color. The Sinhale have undergone through various atrocities and oppression by the invaders: Portuguese, Dutch and the British. The British colonized the highland with Indian labor brought from Tamil Nadu, Andra, and Malabar. The Tamils were not at all in sympathy with the Sinhale but got all that they want from the Dutch and the British.

Sri Lankans did not get their independence through war or struggle but was given on a silver tray. This indicates the value of independence to the Sinhale and Tamils. Means nothing to both races. The Soulbury and the Donomore constitutions mean nothing to them but was training in politics. After independence people elected unscrupulous and incompetent leaders except DSS focussed on structural transformation like Galoya etc. However, DSS also made a severe slip-up of disfranchising one million Tamils, which could have been done before receiving the Independence. Every leader afterward made severe racial & and silly faults and directed the country to degrade to the worst state. The Champion as JRJ giving in to the Indians. JRJ’s nephew has wrecked the country to the worst level by trying to give in to federalism which will be a catastrophic failure to SriLanka if passed by the parliament. Tamils cannot run a federal state because of the differences and hatred they carry towards the Sinhale, caste differences among the Tamils, and religious differences. It may end up with another caste war in the North.

An example: Since independence, what have the Tamil MPs done to the North apart from fighting for Tamil Eelam? Since NPC was given to the Tamils and the NPC was formally opened in 2013, CV Vigneswaran was elected the Chief Minister. What has he done apart from talking in competition with the FP clowns for missing persons? Okay: the recently appointed Suren Raghavan: What has he done to the North on development and people’s sustainability on fixed earnings through work, private work, etc? Several young boys and girls have been subjected to sexual attacks and rapes. These are the young future of the nation. Cannot the Governor use his power to curtail these types of sexual incidents? How can he focus on development if he could be added to the incompetent nincompoops’ lists? One MP demanded his brother to be given a Minister position in the NPC.

It is recommended that the GOSL shall appoint a team to investigate the blemishes, imperfections, bribery, corruptions that the former NPC council ministers and members and the current Governor have done so far. These people are responsible for the citizens of SL. So many imperfections have occurred in the North but with lack of focus by the Governor and the GOSL.

https://epaper.thinakaran.lk/PaperArticle.aspx?imageId=pg05_0&&ndate=2019%2F07%2F08&fbclid=IwAR0xf3RZqjTaVTm7Btm5QVzbSlxGMlkfxRM2f_buOE3IEhUzXmLhBQooim0

SriLankan politicians enter politics to earn and fill their coffer, not to serve the public. The reason is that they have to spend funds from their coffer at the elections as collateral for a vote. What it means is that the politicians buy votes from the people. Hence the people have no right to protest on bribery and corruption. The main culprits are the people (voters) who sell their votes. Can the people understand this corruption?

The recent attack on the deprived, underprivileged Catholics at the St. Anthony’s Church by the Mad Islamists is a conspiracy. Why the Tamil Catholics? It is like an Indian movie. Create a precarious & explosive situation and make people crawl into a nervous state. All the racial riots are similar incidents. One of the dirtiest, animalistic acts was to gouge the eyes of Kuttimani (TELO) and kill him in jail by the rioters in July 1983. Of course, this act must have been done under supervision by the jail guards and police. This is against Buddhism. Therefore, it is of the view that there is no difference between the Islamophobia infected Muslims, Sinhale Buddhists, and the Cruel animalistic murderous LTTE. The TNA consists of racial hatred politicians: Sambanthar was in love with the Leader of Opposition (LOP) position cos of the Police guards, palace, car, etc provided to the LOP. He is definitely a FOOL. Instead of the LOP position, Sambanthar should have joined the GOSL and accepted three or four Ministerial positions and focussed on developing the North and the Country. He was selfish and self-centered as a normal Tamil. Quite often he comes in the media and makes a statement; I am fighting for the missing persons”. The FOOL may not know that these missing persons may be down in the Indian ocean or earning money overseas and spoiling the youths in the North. When will these fools get rational and free thinking? It is only Mano Ganesan appeared in the media condemning the serious terror attack with TEARS. Where was Sampanthan? Where was CV Vigneswaran? Where was Suren Raghavan? COWARDS? Douglas is a man who does not boast, but a man of action.

The racial quarrel in the East now has started by the Muslims. They are determined to make the East a Muslim state and crawl into the South through bombing and intimidating the poor Sinhale. Maybe In 25 years, the Muslims will convert SriLanka into a Muslim state (Wahabi) and then Buddha may have to relocate to another country. Already Buddha has started to relocate to other countries anyway.

The illiterate Sinhale have been voting to politicians who are weak in politics but rich in making money. The UNP, Ranil, etc gang have become a slave to the West. Let us study the history of the Balkans, Sudan, Iraq, and Bangladesh. They have become the worst beggars except for Serbia. We can find them in other countries like Australia. Even most Sinhalese have migrated from SL and are doing well in other countries because SL does not respect educated academics and professionals.

Solution

People shall be enlightened and vote for the right candidate. In the forthcoming election for the Presidency most clowns, entertainers, movies stars, immature sports stars, illiterates, uneducated suckers, dupes, hoodwinks, eight standards educated who claim they are from London School of Economics in Wikipedia, may enter the election purely for the purpose of creatively dividing the votes. I viewed an advertisement by Kumar Sangakkara in a media show showing his five fingers for solidarity and force. This is purely a child affair and is an old example. Is this gentleman fit to run for the presidency of a country full of educated academics and professionals? Politics and governance are not playing cricket. People: Please do not be taken by this false propaganda in Wikipedia, media by cheap people.

The Rajapaksa team is the best for SL. Gotabaya Rajapaksa (GR) is the best patriotic, methodically planning intellectual fit to govern SL. People in SL should know this and vote with a free mind to GR. If for any circumstances GR will not contest in the presidential elections, people of SL should vote for the Rajapaksa TEAM and NOT sell their vote for cash or wealth to unpatriotic politicians. People should understand whether they want SL for cash for their short pleasure or save the country from bribery and corruption and protect SriLankan sovereignty. The country is for our future generation.

People: You have not forgotten the Central Bank robbery of Billions of dollars of BOND irregular sale, and the person who sold the BONDS is still in Singapore and people who associated with the sale are still in SL How about ACSA and SOFA agreement.

Response to the Washington Post article of Monday July 8, 2019, titled “In Sri Lanka, Muslims increasingly under siege” by Joanna Slater and Hafeel Farisz

July 12th, 2019

Anjalika Silva Sri Lankan American Community member

https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/asia_pacific/after-easter-sunday-attacks-muslims-face-boycotts-and-violence-in-sri-lanka/2019/07/06/3e4a405a-91f6-11e9-956a-88c291ab5c38_story.html?utm_term=.8745a1f0c4f4

The above article that appeared in the Washington Post on Monday July 8, 2019 singles out the occurrence of reaction by the citizens of Sri Lanka against the recent extremist Islamic violence portrayed as Muslims being under siege with insinuations of unfair treatment of Muslims as a rule.  The recent coordinated attacks in Sri Lanka in 6 places within minutes of each other killing close to 300 men women and children in churches and luxury hotels in one clean sweep of coordinated attacks is not something to keep a country complacent.  In addition, over 500 are injured with life altering injuries. This kind of carnage is not anything new in the vision of the world that has witnessed Islamic extremism fast spreading to obliterate the traditional practices of Islam throughout the world.

Why is Sri Lanka isolated from other countries that are facing similar issues?  Why is Sri Lanka singled out for trying to protect its people and all traditional religions?  Why are only the Buddhists blamed for reacting when the Buddhists, Christians, Hindus and moderate Muslims face the same danger of extremist brutality?  It is not a perfect world to not have some reaction to such high numbers of casualties.  To direct the reaction as faith-based attacks implying that it came from a Buddhist Nationalist group is a deliberate attempt at the confirmed Buddhist bashing that has become a theme of the international media. 

How does one assume that any of the attackers to be solely Buddhists?  The Easter attacks were directed at the Catholic churches.  Why are Buddhists blamed without proof? The entire country is angry, grieving and living in fear.  It is not only Muslims but all those who don’t conform to the radical Islam of the Saudi supported Wahabi form that is rammed down people are in danger.

These questions must be answered by the Washington Post reporter who has not understood the root of the problem or fails to do so blatantly ignoring the recent violence against one of their own – Jamal Khashoggi a Saudi dissident. It is the possibility of the same violence that Sri Lankans fear because of the push to annihilate all religions with only two choices.  One, to convert to extreme Islam and live, or refuse and die by beheading or any other means. This is the Saudi sponsored Wahabism that is causing a problem to moderate Muslims also in Sri Lanka.  If they are concerned for their safety, how much more should non-muslims fear for their lives?  This applies to all people in the cross wires of a fanatical drive to push their flavor of Islam throughout the globe. 

The article is more sympathetic to the material loss of business and buildings over the loss of life deliberately destroyed.  Regardless of the faith, this is completely wrong and yet it continues globally with countries more powerful than Sri Lanka bracing for attacks.

If there is a fall out from this event against all muslims, it is to be expected because the moderate muslims are as much victims of this tragedy.   They cannot denounce the extremists to suffer threats to their lives to a far greater extent than illustrated in the article that pinpoints to the majority race the Sinhalese among whom are majority Buddhists, viewed and assumed as a threat. Recognizing the right or real threat is the bottom line here. It is convenient to ignore the root cause – the jihadist attacks and skip to those who react.

The Washington Post needs to be balanced in reporting sporadic incidents of the fate of material business and understand fully the implications of the fate that awaits the people of Sri Lanka with the risk to their life if nothing is done about it.  Patience of the people is fast running out.

The current situation is that all citizens of the country across religious lines are coming together because they realize the gravity of the situation.  The lead to the group and one of the most vocal proponents of the need for action is Cardinal Malcom Ranjit the head of the Catholic Church in Sri Lanka who has fearlessly come forward to join the Buddhist clergy with the common goal of saving all traditional believers from the plans for widespread Jihad. Further plans for destruction have been revealed following the swift action and investigations by the security forces in the country.

Historically Sri Lanka that survived invasions by the Portuguese, Dutch and British have saved the country with extreme sacrifice and action of the patriots that include the Buddhist clergy who have their own way of expressing their patriotism through which they have protected all religious and ethnic groups in the history of the country.  That is a given and no reporter in the international media understands their role.  In the 30-year war too, there was mass slaughter of Buddhist monks by terrorists, slaughter of Muslims in prayer in the very area that was home to the leader of the recent extremist bombing. Thousands of dead from suicide bombs never had their day because terrorists are non-state players who walk free with no accountability for human rights.

This is not only applicable to Sri Lanka.  The US also will do well to focus their attention to take note of how operations were carried out in places of religious worship, under cover with the abuse of religious freedom afforded to all groups in Sri Lanka.   No one wants the brutal bloodshed and beheadings, suicide bombings to destroy one of the most beautiful, peaceful spiritual nations in the world that has seen Buddhists, Christians, Hindus and moderate Muslims living peacefully without the radicalization that is going on today and brutal consequences in the name of religion.    Nor do they wish to have the laws of the country substituted by Sharia Law that doesn’t offer justice to its people. 

Before the Easter Sunday attacks, vandalism at Buddhist Temples

Leading up to the bombing of the churches on Easter Sunday, over twenty Buddhist temples were vandalized and the individual leading those attacks was also the leader of the pack of suicide bombers who were known but never apprehended until they caused all the damage. Valuable Buddhist statues at temples were mutilated and this was also an organized attack as a prelude to bigger and more violent attacks on living worshippers.  These actions received very little media attention and the government took extra precautions to protect a backlash against Muslims by keeping it away from national news.

Is the Washington Post ignoring the global trend of Islamic extremism that has hit Sri Lanka? 

The article refers to boycott of Muslim businesses and sporadic attacks by angry mobs with an element of sympathy using anecdotal incidents. The reporter may not have encountered or interviewed customers who decided to boycott some businesses.   There are those who experienced the crudest treatment from eating houses that they decided to boycott.  Some non-Muslims have reported firsthand that their food was contaminated with human excreta and as word got around, those eating places were boycotted for obvious reasons.  It takes only one for reaction to all.  The actions of hate found their way to food outlets too.   Can one blame the boycotts?  Isn’t it obvious?  These are anecdotal reports from individuals who experienced firsthand.

Stocks of Buddhist robes, white garments and military like uniforms, weapons, explosives found buried in mosques

The reference in some media reports to mob attacks attributed to Buddhist monks has a strange connotation.  The discovery of huge quantities of Buddhist robes worn by monks buried in mosque premises deserves to be queried.  Most of the attackers could not be identified by the chief incumbents of Buddhist temples because they were imposters.  Another deliberate move to discredit Buddhism. 

There is an obvious explanation for the discovery of a large quantity of white clothing found buried in mosques and other places to be used for disguise in mingling with Buddhist devotees for a planned attack at temples.  White attire is worn by Buddhists as simple garb when they attend Buddhist festivals.  

It was recently revealed that there were plans to destroy the most sacred Buddhist shrine, the Temple of the Tooth in the country that enshrines the relics of the Buddha.  Sri Lanka is a spiritually rich country with prayers in every faith and it will be protected from these fanatics to a greater extent than one can believe.

There is also a strange find of military like uniforms buried in the premises supposed to be for religious worship.  According to the Indian Intelligence reports, there is a warning of an impending attack on India and Sri Lanka by Jihadists wearing military like attire.  This is yet to be proven, but if it does happen, the Washington Post better be alert that the Indian authorities are just as concerned.  The discovery of mass scale catches of weapons and explosives obviously gives credibility to their findings.

It is not accurate that a reputable newspaper in the capital of the world in Washington DC to present a one-sided picture of the situation in Sri Lanka and imply that terrorists who are Islamic extremists who catalyzed the situation should not be a reason for the victims to react. This should be challenged by moderate Muslims too.  Claiming faith-based attacks accusing a Buddhist Nationalist Group is preposterous when up to and until this event on April 21, all religions in Sri Lanka had the freedom to practice their faith and there was no forced murderous killing of individuals while in prayer.  The Buddhist Nationalists are coming together through patriotism and they have no affiliation to any armed group outside Sri Lanka and it is an exaggeration to paint a picture that they will take to arms.  They have no such capability.

All Muslims are only 9.3% of the population and they came to Sri Lanka as traders in 8 A.D., when Buddhism has existed in Sri Lanka since 250 BC.  With 70% of the Sinhalese people who make up about 72% of the population of 21.6 Million being followers of Buddhism, the rest of the Sinhalese majority are followers of Christianity.   The situation on the ground is one that has brought together all segments of the population that feel threatened by extremism.

This article written without due consideration for the big picture is a pitiful illustration of a very dangerous situation. Some of the suicide bombers were well educated in western countries and from affluent families enjoying power in professions and business circles in addition to political roles.  It is the scenario we see in countries like France, UK and other places that have provided refuge to radicals who now disturb their peace by making demands that are beyond reasonable.

According to experts, this is clearly a push for new grounds for their caliphate with the footing lost due to US bombings and the displacement of ISIS that is the influence behind the forceful conversion of an entire nation that has only two choices, death or forced conversion to a radical form.

This is not how Sri Lanka and Sri Lankans want to live.  When they protect their country, the interpretation of international media has taken on a role of Buddhist bashing and it must be reminded that the Sinhalese Buddhists are fearless about guarding Sri Lanka as a world minority of only 17 million in the entire world,  while accommodation all other ethnic and religious groups in their midst to exist peacefully.  In Sri Lanka, every religious holiday for Buddhist, Christian, Hindu and Muslim followers are mandated government paid holidays.  Taking aim at the majority as spreading faith-based attacks as the norm is baseless and inaccurate.  It is more accurate to indicate that there are undercurrents to eliminate all non-muslims from the entire country with no regard for human life. The Government of Sri Lanka has taken measures to protect Muslims over and above the majority to prevent a backlash. There is every possibility that this situation can be taken advantage of if it is not monitored diligently.

Recently a Buddhist monk and a Hindu priest went on a hunger strike because of this issue demanding the removal of ultra-powerful Muslim cabinet members who were loyal to the perpetrators of this carnage. See the confession of a Jihadist who mentions them by name.  (The names have been removed for the personal safety of this writer)

With the emergence of extremism, the hardliners who were radicalized became a force that was recognized and feared mostly by the moderate Muslims in the country.  They made representations to the government about the activities that were going on under cover because the danger to them was as bad as to other religions.  It is not a wonder that with the severity of the recent attacks, people of all religions and ethnicities including the moderate Muslims live in fear? 

This is also a common issue considering the occurrences in bigger and more powerful nations faced with the push from extreme Islam followers trying to rule in their host countries with no go” zones and a push for Sharia Law.

The extract from a Jihadist’s confession below will be an eye opener.  Ironically his appeal was sent to the very Buddhist Nationalist Group referred to in this article.  This letter was his ultimate salvation from the brainwashing that he underwent for nine years to turn him from being human to a barbarian trained to kill even his own people perceived as a threat to the religion with no basis for verification.  All in the name of man-made religious beliefs.   This confession is a translation from reputable sources.

How a brainwashed Jihadist confessed plans in detail to the Buddhist Nationalist Group mentioned above

The letter from a Jihadist going back to 2014 that was revealed in the light of recent attacks.

This is a translation of a letter received by the Bodu Bala Sena (BBS) organization (the Buddhist Nationalist Group referred to in the article)  in Sri Lanka that was a much-maligned by the government as an organization for pointing out the secret activities of the radicals in the country as confirmed by this Jihadist.  The Buddhist monk heading the organization was sent to jail for several years.  He was released after April 21 attacks came to fruition proving his findings to be true facts.

The BBS spokesperson who revealed this is a Buddhist monk, in a video statement online. He has declared that this is not being revealed to cause any harm, anger to resentment toward any segment of the community to hurt their feelings or cause fear. This is revealed for the seriousness of the contents as revealed by the writer, a young radicalized Jihadist who wants it to be known.

The original letter was written in Tamil and an authentic translation was made with the help of a reporter of a leading Tamil newspaper the Virakesari. The handwritten Tamil letter translated into Sinhala is in the hands of the BBS organization.

The English translation of the confession of the Jihadist from the letter is as follows: (The words here are the words of the brainwashed Jihadist)

I ask you to read this letter from top to bottom more than once recommends the writer and he adds that every word in this letter is true.

He says think about the contents.  I confirm that every fact is true. (Words from the Jihadist that prefaced the actual confession)

I was born and raised in the Muslim environment and knew only about Allah” and  as I grew up all I heard in my life was about the harm done to Muslims by other believers and religions.  My village had small mosques and in a close by town there was a larger mosque.  Some of the folks in my village had connections with the larger mosque.  When I was about 15 years old, I got a chance to attend the larger mosque with some folks who had connections to the larger mosque and I too got a chance.  Those who attended this mosque had revolutionary ideas.  Their talk centered around how to deal with the other believers outside Islam. After a while I too accepted their ideas and believed that to protect our belief, we must destroy others to save our religion.  The main aim of discussion was the elimination of all other believers.  In order to do so we were prepared to commit genocidal attacks on all others except muslims. We were ready to eliminate everyone except muslims and create an Islamic state.

We received special talks too.    One day we had a visitor, from a foreign land at our mosque.  A discussion ensued.  He preached that we must be ready make the whole world Muslim and that we must be ready to do anything to achieve that and concentrate on Sri Lanka. This is what he said and invited us to join a special organization. We were impressed with the idea and agreed immediately.  We didn’t know the name, or the organization didn’t have a name.  We were not sure whether it was Jihad but later found out it was not Jihad and that it was the mother organization. Many people didn’t know for sure the real organization structure or name.  We were told that the name need not be known, and that Jihad was just a cover to mislead those who were seeking to find out about us.

We didn’t care if it didn’t have a name.  They avoided naming the organization getting known.  I got to know this after 7 years with the organization.  Jihad name was to mislead because Jihad the known name was being watched while they operated with a bigger mother organization that had spread throughout the world.  Most people didn’t know this. I was proud to be in this organization. Due to my contribution, after 9 years I was able to get a big position and at that time I was 26 years old.  I was empowered to kill anyone to spread Islam and establish a Muslim country in Sri Lanka. To establish Islamic state, I was ready to kill anyone, and we were trained well without being visible to the outside world.

I learned to read and write the Sinhala language (language of the majority ethnic group and majority of the Sinhalese people are Buddhist) and I looked like a Sinhalese in my appearance.

At this point the organization gave me something special.  That is, identification papers changing me to a Sinhalese with a new name and all the necessary papers to disguise myself as a Sinhalese. I was given a special assignment to go to the Sinhala community and learn as much as possible about them and I was able to travel to any part of the country. 

At this point I was also informed that every office or establishment throughout the country had people who were prepared like I was, and they were established in such places for many years.  Some of these folks were in this role for around 30 to 40 years and some were Sinhala people, but they were converted to become like us.  I was given a code word to identify similarly trained people.  I am going to reveal that code in this letter.  When it becomes known the organization members will be disturbed.  That is what I want to make known.  The code word was madei” which when softly spoken they reply to confirm they are in the movement.  This is the code word worldwide.  These people continue to operate in every sphere even today.

This way they infiltrated all the areas of work in the country.  Every government department, military, air force, airports, banks, police, and all other places they have infiltrated and are not known or visible from the outside.

 Ports and airports were the most important and we have got things done the way we want.  Due to political instability we had advantages.  We also dealt with those who didn’t agree to what we wanted done.  These people who worked in ports were taken to the middle of the sea and murdered for not agreeing to carry out what we wanted done. Then we spread the word that they went overseas.  Among us are Government politicians that include two (Muslim Ministers – Name 1 withheld, Name 2 withheld but widely known in local media). These ministers in the government are our biggest members.

About 3 years ago they gave me a special assignment.  They made use of my appearance that looked like a Sinhalese.  Sent me to a Buddhist organization and made a member.  I was asked to learn all the inside working of the Buddhist organization with my Buddhist Sinhala identification documents.  I was not given details, but I realized that what I was expected to do was a very serious act of genocide and mass destruction.  I was also brain washed with the desire to carry out such acts.  They asked me to study the festivals and when and where their festivals were to be held and where people were to gather. I was able to get a good insight into their activities and passed the information on.  I was told to stay in the same place, and I was ready for the next step as they said the next step will take place there.

I was with the Sinhala people for 3 years in this environment.  This is when things started to change. My attitude started to change, and I realized that the Sinhala people were more civilized than I had believed.  By then my commitment in the Islamic organization had gone far beyond a point when I could turn around.  If I had changed at this point, I would have been killed by the Islamic organization.  So, I stayed quiet and time passed.  My organization did not notice a change in me.

Then two weeks or so before writing this letter, I was given the second stage of their plan.  This plan was to be in Anuradhapura (An ancient historic capital of Buddhist heritage) where a big Buddhist festival offering of Jasmine flowers was to take place on June 5th.  There were plans in place to cause a disturbance there.  I was not able to let this happen.  Therefore, I exposed this plan. To prevent this is for you to take over.

At a time, next month there was a plan to take over this country.  But due to incidents at Aluthgama, (a place where there was unrest between Muslims and villagers) these plans were postponed as I have learned. 

As I told you we have our people in all institutions in this country and worldwide in every country.  With the help of our people there is a plan to disrupt all communication channels and mess things up. Then a group was to come from overseas and bring the weapons and people, for us to take over this country by morning.  All this is the absolute truth.  In order to achieve this, we have hidden weapons in the country in preparation.  In every mosque we have 300 swords and in some there are weapons with ammunition too.”

End of the contents made public, but it is assumed there is more.

History of 30 years of terrorism, winning peace in 2009 and the start of a new era of terrorism

When security personnel carried out their investigations following the suicide bombings at Easter, they did connect remnants of terror suspects from the previous conflict who have lent their services and provided remaining weapons to this group.  Terrorism is a mindset regardless of a cause.  The outcome of destruction is inhumane.  Another definite contributing factor is that after 2009 and the peace that followed, security guidelines were dictated to by demands from UN and the US with pressure from certain sectors without regard for the ramifications to national security.   Following the attacks in April, some of the very segments of the country that wanted the military checkpoints removed were begging to have them reinstated.   

Future for Sri Lanka is bleak and uncertain for reasons that are known globally

According to experts, this is clearly a push for new grounds for their caliphate with the footing lost due to US bombings and the displacement of ISIS that is the influence behind the forceful conversion of an entire nation that has only two choices, death or forced conversion to a radical form. This is not how Sri Lanka and Sri Lankans want to live. 

Sri Lanka’s tolerance has been completely misconstrued. It must also be pointed out that many skilled men and women from poor families seek employment in the middle eastern nations.  It is interesting to make a study of the level of tolerance of other religions in that region to the extent of not allowing any religious books or statues beyond the airports in Muslim countries.  However, the liberal freedom in Sri Lanka has clearly been abused and now being pushed to be overrun by radicalism

As stated in the article referring to Hardline Buddhist Nationalist groups that emerged, they took a hard line because the tolerance and compassion, with patience as practiced in the Buddhist faith did not work as the revolution of hard line extremist Islam started to take over the country and the push to eliminate all religions began to be felt by all people.

The Western Media continues to subscribe to Buddhist bashing with stilted information when Buddhism is one of the most compassionate doctrines used even in the rehabilitation of prisoners in the United States.  It is not as fast growing as Islam because the depth of the philosophy requires intellectual understanding and commitment to self-discipline which is a much-needed human quality today.

It is unfortunate that all of this stems from the distortion of Islam to a man-made version of a brutal form that is more suited for those with sadistic instincts.  Moderate Muslims are caught in the middle with no freedom of expression in their own communities.

I suggest the reporter Joanna Slater of the Washington Post makes contact with people on the ground in Sri Lanka on both sides of the issue and takes the opportunity for a discussion with the Sri Lankan American Community that lives in Washington to ask pertinent questions and elicit answers about the truth. 

The Sri Lankan community will welcome your personal interaction for more accurate information that reflects the ground situation.  There is an Embassy for the country in Washington DC, that will welcome your participation to do so.  This is an open call to all journalists who wish to be balanced in their material regarding Sri Lanka. The sources welcome you to do so.  Sri Lanka must be reported accurately because throughout 30 years of war and even after peace, the international media has never been fair about the positive aspects of the country.  This can only be turned around by journalists who balance their information without bias from the right sources.

Anjalika Silva

Sri Lankan American Community member

Maryland

Sent to [email protected]

NEW ZEALAND HAS AN EDGE OVER ENGLAND- WAY AHEAD FOR SRI LANKA

July 12th, 2019

By M D P DISSANAYAKE

It is disappointing that all 5 Asian Teams out of 10 Teams in the competition failed to secure a spot in the Final.   Bangladesh and New Zealand have consistently maintained aggressive and  methodical styles of play.

We give below the historical data of previous finals with the winning team and runs scored.

YEAR   WINNING TEAM SCORE

1975    274 AUSTRALIA

1979    194 ENGLAND

1983    183 INDIA

1987     253 AUSTRALIA

1992     249 PAKISTAN

1996     245 SRI LANKA

1999     133 AUSTRALIA

2003     359 AUSTRALIA

2007     281 AUSTRALIA

2011     277 INDIA

2015     186 AUSTRALIA vs NZ 183

Statistical probability indicates a low scoring match at the business end of the Tournament. NZ bowlers appear to have a upper hand against the England.  They are back to basics, uncomplicated and pleasure to watch. Bowling at line and length is the secret for NZ success thus far. Kane Williamson’s field placements and bowling changes have shown remarkable indepth understanding of the batters mentality most of the time.

2015 runners up was NZ, players such as Martin Guptill, Kane Williamson, Ross Taylor  and Trent Boult are continuing in 2019. The current England team includes Jos Buttler, Eoin Morgain, Alex Hales, Moeen Ali, Joe Root and Chris Woakes from the 2015 squad.

In round-robin stage, NZ beat Sri Lanka by 10 wickets whereas Sri Lanka beat England by 20 runs.

Judged by the clouds of political interference in Sri Lankan Cricket, our boys performances were below par, but not totally disappointing. At least our Sports Minister made a trip to England on tax-payers account.

Our current squad should be further developed. For the next 4 years, an established team with a long term captaincy to Dimuth Karunaratne need to be considered.    Dave Whatmore is in Sri Lanka and his contribution will be valuable in re-shaping the structure.

ප්‍රවාහන ක්ෂේත්‍රයේ දැවැන්ත පෙරළියක් – Google transit විශේෂාංගයේ මෙහෙයුම අරඹයි…

July 12th, 2019

ප්‍රවාහන හා සිවිල් ගුවන්සේවා අමාත්‍යාංශය.

මෙරට ප්‍රවාහන ක්ෂේත්‍රයේ දැවැන්ත පෙරළියක් ඇති කරමින් Google transit විශේෂාංගය මෙරටට හඳුන්වා දීමේ මූලික ව්‍යාපෘතිය ආරම්භ වෙයි. ඒ ජාතික ගමනා ගමන කොමිසම් සභාවේ විසිපස්වැනි සංවත්සරයේදී ප්‍රවාහන සහ සිවිල් ගුවන්සේවා අමාත්‍ය අර්ජුන රණතුංග මහතාගේ ප්‍රධානත්වයෙනි.

ගූගල් මැප් යනු ගූගල් සේවාව ලබා දෙන අන්තර්ජාල සිතියම් සේවාවකි. එම සිතියම් සේවාවෙන් දැනට Google traffic යන විශේෂාංගය ශ්‍රී ලංකාවට විවෘතව පවතී. එම Google traffic විශේෂාංගයෙන් පෞද්ගලික ප්‍රවාහන තොරතුරු සහ පෞද්ගලික ප්‍රවාහනය සඳහා ස්ථාන සහ මාර්ග සිතියම් තොරතුරු සපයයි. නමුත් ගූගල් මැප්හි පොදු ප්‍රවාහන සේවාවේ තොරතුරු ලබා දෙන Google transit විශේෂාංගය තවමත් ශ්‍රී ලංකාවට විවෘතව නොමැත. ජාතික ගමනා ගමන කොමිසම් සභාවේ විසිපස්වැනි සංවත්සර උත්සවයේදී අද සිදු කෙරුණේ එම Google transit විශේෂාංගය මෙරටට සක්‍රීය කර ගැනීම සඳහා අතවශ්‍ය වන දත්ත සමූහය ගූගල් ආයතනයට නිල වශයෙන් යොමු කිරීමයි. ඉදිරි දින කිහිපයේදී ගූගල් ආයතනය විසින් එකී දත්ත නිරීක්ෂණය කර අන්තර්ජාලයට මුදා හැරෙනු ඇති බවත් ඒ අනුව ඉතා ඉක්මනින් Google transit විශේෂාංගයෙන් ‍තොරතුරු ලබා ගැනීමේ අවස්ථාව මෙරට පොදු ජනතාවට උදා වන බවත් එම ව්‍යාපෘතියේ ‍භාරකරු, මොරටුව විශ්ව විද්‍යාලයේ ප්‍රවාහන ඉංජිනේරු අධ්‍යයනාංශයේ ජ්‍යේෂ්ඨ කථිකාචාර්ය ආචාර්ය දිමන්ත ද සිල්වා මහතා පවසයි.

මෙම සේවාව යටතේ ඔබට පොදු ප්‍රවාහනයේ තොරතුරු විශාල වපසරියකින් ලබා ගැනීමේ අවස්ථාව උදා වනවා. උදාහරණයකට ඔබට නාරාහේන්පිට පිහිටි ජාතික ගමනාගමන කොමිසම් සභාවේ සිට අනුරාධපුරය දක්වා ගමන් කිරීමට අවශ්‍ය යැයි සිතමු. එවිට මෙම Google transit විශේෂාංගයෙන් පොදු ප්‍රවාහනය භාවිත කර එනම් දුම්රිය සහ බස්රථ මඟින් අනුරාධපුරයට යා  හැකි ආකාරය සිතියම්ගතව පෙන්නුම් කරනවා. ගමනට ගතවන කාලය, බස්රථ නවත්වන ස්ථානය, පයින් යායුතු තැන්, දුම්රිය නැඟිය හැකි තැන් ආදි වශයෙන් තොරතුරු රැසක් එයින් ලබා ගත හැකියි. ඇත්තටම මෙම විශේෂාංගය දැනටමත් ජපානය, චීනය වැනි රටවල ක්‍රියාත්මක වනවා. ඉදිරි සති කිහිපයේදී අපේ රටෙත් මෙම විශේෂාංගය සක්‍රිය වනවා. එය ප්‍රවාහනයේ තොරතුරු විප්ලවයක් යැයි අපට හඳුන්වා දෙන්න පුළුවන්…”යිද ආචාර්ය දිමන්ත ද සිල්වා මහතා පැවසීය.

Google transit විශේෂාංගයෙන් මුල් අවස්ථා‍වේදී තොරතුරු ලබා ගැනීමට හැකි වන්නේ බස්නාහිර පළාතේදී පමණි. දෙවැනි අදියරේදී සෙසු පළාත් දක්වා ව්‍යාප්ත කෙරේ. දුම්රිය, අන්තර් පළාත් බස්රථ සහ පළාත් සභා බස්රථ පිළිබඳ ‍තොරතුරු එයින් ආවරණය කෙරෙයි. දුම්රිය රතු පැහැයෙන්ද අන්තර්පළාත් බස්රථ නිල් පැහයෙන්ද පළාත් සභා බස්රථ කොළ පැහැයෙන්ද සිතියමේ දැක්වෙයි. ආචාර්ය දිමන්ත ද සිල්වා මහතා පවසන්නේ මුල් අවස්ථාවේදී කාල සටහන් ගත තොරතුරු පමණක් එම Google transit විශේෂාංගයෙන් ලබා ගැනීමට හැකි වුණත් පසුව GPS තාක්ෂණය යොදා ගනිමින් සජීවි තොරතුරු මෙම විශේෂාංගයෙන් ලබා දීමට හැකි වනු ඇති බවයි.  ඒ සඳහා අවශ්‍ය සියලු පහසුකම් ලබා දෙන බවද ප්‍රවාන සහ සිවිල් ගුවන්සේවා අමාත්‍ය අර්ජුන රණතුංග මහතා මෙහිදී සහතික කළේය.

තාමත් බොහෝ අය ජාතික ගමනා ගමන කොමිසම් සභාව දෙස බලන්නේ බස්රථ සඳහා බලපත්‍ර ලබා දෙන ආයතනයක් ලෙස. නමුත් ජාතික ගමනා ගමන කොමිසම් සභාවෙන් විය යුත්තේ ලයිෂන් ලබා දීම නොමෙයි. මගේ පෞද්ගලික මතය නම් ජාතික ගමනා ගමන කොමිසම් සභාව කළ යුත්තේ බස්රථ නියාමනය පමණයි. එතැනට ජාතික ගමනා ගමන කොමිසම් සභාව ගෙන යාමට අවශ්‍ය ව්‍යුහාත්මක වෙනස්කම් සිදු කිරීමට අපි ඉදිරියේදී අපේක්ෂා කරනවා. ඒ වගේම Google transit විශේෂාංගය මෙරටට හඳුන්වා දීමට මුල පිරීමට හැකි වීම ගැනත් මම සතුටු වනවා. එයින් පොදු ප්‍රවාහනයට මෙරට ජනතාව ආකර්ෂණය වීමේ ප්‍රවණතාව ඉහළ යනු ඇතැයි අපි විශ්වාස කරනවා. අද අපි මුහුණ දෙන ප්‍රධාන අභියෝගය වන්නේ පොදු ප්‍රවාහනයෙන් මහජනතාව ඈත් වීම. කෙසේනමුත් මේ වන විට නැවත වරක් පොදු ප්‍රවාහනයට මෙරට ජනතාව ආකර්ෂණය වන බව නවතම දත්ත පෙන්නුම් කරමින් තිබෙනවා. Google transit වැනි විශේෂාංග හඳුන්වා දීම මඟින් එය තවදුරටත් වර්ධනය කර ගත හැකි බව මම වි‍ශ්වාස කරනවා…”යි ද අමාත්‍ය අර්ජුන රණතුංග මහතා පැවසීය. මෙම අවස්ථාවට අමාත්‍යාංශයේ ලේකම් එල්. පී. ජයම්පති, ජාතික ගමනාගමන කොමිසම් සභාවේ සභාපති ජනක මල්ලිමාරච්චි ඇතුළුව සම්භාවනීය අමුත්තෝ රැසක් එක් වූහ.

.. තමීර මංජු,

ගරු අමාත්‍ය අර්ජුන රණතුංග මැතිතුමාගේ මාධ්‍ය ලේකම්,

ප්‍රවාහන හා සිවිල් ගුවන්සේවා අමාත්‍යාංශය.

ශ්‍රී ලංකා තාක්ෂණ විප්ලවය – ශිල්ප සේනා ප්‍රදර්ශනය

July 12th, 2019

ප්‍රවෘත්ති නිවේදනය විද්‍යා, තාක්ෂණ හා පර්යේෂණ අමාත්‍යාංශය.

අප රටේ සාමාන්‍ය පොදු ජනතාවට එතරම් සමීප නොවන විෂය ක්ෂේත්‍රයක් වන විද්‍යාව, තාක්ෂණය සහ නවෝත්පාදනය සරල සහ සැහැල්ලු ලෙස සමීප කරවීම අරමුණු කරගනිමින් අමාත්‍ය සුජීව සේනසිංහ මහතාගේ මෙහෙයවීමෙන් විද්‍යා, තාක්ෂණ හා පර්යේෂණ අමාත්‍යාංශය විසින් ක්‍රියාත්මක කරනු ලබන ශ්‍රී ලංකා තාක්ෂණ විප්ලවය – ශිල්ප සේනා වැඩසටහනේ පළමු ප්‍රදර්ශනය කොළඹ බණ්ඩාරනායක අනුස්මරණ ජාත්‍යන්තර සම්මන්ත්‍රණ ශාලා පරිශ්‍රයේ දී ජූලි මස 18 වන දින ආරම්භ වී 21 වන දින දක්වා පැවැත්වේ. 

ආර්ථික සංවර්ධන කාර්යයේ මූල සාධකය බවට විද්‍යාව, තාක්ෂණය හා නවෝත්පාදනය පත්ව තිබේ. ලෝකයේ නවෝත්පාදන සංවර්ධන දර්ශකය අනුව අප දැනට පසුවෙන්නේ 88 වැනි ස්ථානයේ. ඉදිරි අවුරුදු 4-5 කාලය තුළ 60 වැනි ස්ථානයකට පැමිණීමේ ඉලක්කය ජය ගැනීම සඳහා විද්‍යා, තාක්ෂණ, පර්යේෂණ හා නවෝත්පාදන දිරිගැන්වීම ඉහළ අගයකින් සිදුකළ යුතුවේ. ඒ සඳහා පර්යේෂණ ආයතන, විශ්වවිද්‍යාල, විද්‍යාඥයින්, තාක්ෂණවේදීන්, පර්යේෂකයින් එක් මාර්ගයකට අනුගත කර රට තුළ පර්යේෂණ සංස්කෘතියක් ඇතිකිරීම වැදගත් වේ.

මෙරට ජනතාව විද්‍යා, තාක්ෂණ හා නවෝත්පාදන විෂය ක්ෂේත්‍රයට දක්වන්නේ අඩු අවධානයක්. ඔවුන් ඒ සඳහා යොමු වීමට එක්තරා ආකාරයක බියවීමක්, මැලිකමක් දක්නට ලැබේ. මෙම ක්ෂේත්‍රය ඉංග්‍රීසි භාෂාව මූලිකව ක්‍රියාත්මක වීම  නිසා ඒ සඳහා සාමාන්‍ය ජනතාවගේ අඩු අවධානයක් යොමු වීම පැහැදිලි වේ.

මෙම විෂය ක්ෂේත්‍රය සාමාන්‍ය පොදු ජනතාවට වඩාත් සමීප කරවීම සඳහා සිංහල භාෂාව ද යොදා ගනිමින්  සරල සහ සැහැල්ලු ක්‍රමවේදයක් යොදා ගැනීම තුළින් ඉහළ ජන සහභාගිත්වයක් සහ අවධානයක් ලබා ගැනීමට හැකියාව ලැබෙන බව අප විශ්වාස කරනවා. ඒ සඳහා අතීතයේ පොදු ජනතාවට වඩා සමීප වූ, ආකර්ශනය දිනාගත් ගම් උදාව, මහපොළ වැනි වැඩසටහන ආදර්ශයට ගනිමින් ශිල්ප සේනා වැඩසටහන නිර්මාණය කරනු ලැබ තිබේ.

සවිමත් දෑතින් පොහොසත් තනන්නට වෙර දරණ ශිල්ප සේනා ප්‍රදර්ශනය මූලික වශයෙන් තාක්ෂණ කලාපය, ව්‍යවසායකත්ව හා රැකියා වෙළෙඳපොළ,  නවෝත්පාදන කලාපය සහ අධ්‍යාපන සහ වින්දනාත්මක කලාපය ලෙස කලාප පහකට වෙන් කොට තිබේ.

තාක්ෂණ කලාපය

තාක්ෂණ කලාපය තුළ STEM අධ්‍යාපන ක්‍රමවේදය ඇතුළු ප්‍රධාන තේමාවන් දොළහක් යටතේ නවීන විද්‍යා, තාක්ෂණ  හා පර්යේෂණ  විෂය දැනුම සම්ප්‍රේෂණය කිරීම සිදු කෙරේ. පාසල් සිසුන්, විශ්ව විද්‍යාල සිසුන්, පර්යේෂකයින් සහ විෂය ක්ෂේත්‍රය පිළිබඳ නවීන දැනුම ලබාදීම මෙන්ම විෂය ප්‍රචලිත කිරීම මෙම කලාපයෙන් අපේක්ෂා කෙරේ.

 නවෝත්පාදන කලාපය

ශිල්ප සේනා ප්‍රදර්ශනයේ නවෝත්පාදන කලාපය තුළ මෙරට නිර්මාණ ශිල්පීන් බිහිකළ  කරන නවෝත්පාදනයන් 500 කට අධික ප්‍රමාණයක් ප්‍රදර්ශනය කෙරෙන අතර එම නිර්මාණ වාණිජකරණය කිරීමට අවශ්‍ය  වැඩපිළවෙළක් ක්‍රියාත්මක වේ.

නවෝත්පාදනයක් නිර්මාණය කිරීමෙන් අනතුරුව එයට වෙළෙඳ වටිනාකමක් ලබා දෙමින් මුදල් බවට පත් කිරීම රටක සංවර්ධන කාර්යයේ දී ඉතා අත්‍යවශ්‍ය වේ. මෙරට බොහෝ නව නිර්මාණ ශිල්පීන් විසින් නවෝත්පාදනයන් සිදු කළ ද එය පොදු සමාජය අතර ප්‍රචලිත වීමක් බොහෝවිට සිදු නොවේ. එසේම ඒ සඳහා වෙළඳ අගයක් ලබා දීමට අවස්ථාවක් උදා නොවේ.   මෙම වාණිජකරණ කාර්යයේ දී පෞද්ගලික අංශයේ දායකත්වය අතිශය වැදගත් වේ. ආර්ථික සංවර්ධනය සඳහා දායකත්වය ලබාගැනීම අරමුණු කරගනිමින්  නව නිර්මාණ ශිල්පීන් සහ පෞද්ගලික අංශය යන දෙපාර්ශ්වය අතර සම්බන්ධතාව ගොඩ නැගීම සඳහා ශිල්ප සේනා වැඩසටහන තුළින් සුවිශේෂී අවස්ථාවක් උදාකර දෙනු ලබයි.

ව්‍යවසායකත්ව හා රැකියා වෙළෙඳපොළ

දිරියෙන් නැගී සිටීමට උනන්දුවක් දක්වන ජනතාවට අත්වැලක් සැපයීම වෙනුවෙන් ව්‍යවසායකත්ව හා රැකියා වෙළෙඳපොළ කලාපය නිර්මාණය කර තිබේ. දැනට සුළු හා මධ්‍ය පරිමාණ කර්මාන්තයන්හි නියැලෙන සහ අලුතින් කර්මාන්තයක් ආරම්භ කිරීමට උනන්දුවක් ඇති පුද්ගලයින්ට අභිමානවත් ව්‍යවසායකයෙක් ලෙස ඉස්මතු වන්නට විශේෂ නිෂ්පාදන පැකේජ 1000 ක් හඳුන්වාදීම මෙහි දී සිදුවේ. මීට අමතරව වෙළඳ ප්‍රචාරණය, සේවා සැපයීම, ව්‍යාපාර ලියාපදිංචිය, ණය පහසුකම් ලබාදීම පිළිබඳ දැනුම හා මගපෙන්වීම ලබාදීම සිදුවේ.

එසේම මෙම කලාපය තුළ තරුණ ප්‍රජාව සහ පෞද්ගලික අංශය අතර සාකච්ඡා අවස්ථා,  තරුණ ප්‍රජාව වෙනුවෙන් වෘත්තීය පුහුණු අවස්ථා උදාකිරීම සිදුවේ.

නීල හරිත ආර්ථික කලාපය

නීල හරිත ආර්ථික කලාපය, ශ්‍රී ලංකාවේ ආර්ථික සංවර්ධනයට උරදෙන රේඛීය අමාත්‍යාංශ හා ආයතන වල සේවාවන් ප්‍රචලිත කරන සහ ජංගම සේවාවන් ලබාදෙන ප්‍රදර්ශන කුටි, ත්‍රිවිධ හමුදාවේ සහ ශ්‍රී ලංකා පොලිසියේ විශේෂ ප්‍රදර්ශන කුටි සහ නව බදවාගැනීම් සිදුකිරීමේ අවස්ථා ද ප්‍රදර්ශනයට ඇතුළත් වේ.

අධ්‍යාපන හා විනෝද කලාපය

 මෙම කලාපය තුළ වට්ටම් සහිතව පොත් ලබා ගැනීමට විශේෂ පොත්  ප්‍රදර්ශන ද ඇතුළත් වෙළෙඳ ප්‍රදර්ශන අවස්ථා, විනෝදජනක ක්‍රියාකාරකම්, දිනපතා සංගීත ප්‍රසංග, විද්‍යා චිත්‍රපට ප්‍රදර්ශනය ආදිය සිදුකෙරේ.

ශ්‍රී ලාංකීය ආර්ථිකයේ නව මං විවර කිරීමේ අරමුණින් නැගී එන තාක්‍ෂණයන්, නව නිපැයුම්කරුවන්, ව්‍යාපාරික ප්‍රජාව, නවෝත්පාදන සහ පෞද්ගලික ව්‍යවසායකත්වය යන අංශයන් එක්තැන් කරන යුගයේ දැවැන්තම  අධ්‍යාපනික  වෙළඳ  ප්‍රදර්ශනයට එක්වන ලෙස විද්‍යා, තාක්ෂණ හා පර්යේෂණ අමාත්‍යාංශය පොදු ජනතාවට ආරාධනය කර සිටී.

මාධ්‍ය ඒකකය

විද්‍යා, තාක්ෂණ හා පර්යේෂණ අමාත්‍යාංශය.

කොළඹ වරායේ නැගෙනහිර පර්යන්තය පුද්ගලීකරණය කිරීම සඳහා අත්සන් තබන ලද සහයෝගිතා ගිවිසුම අහෝසි කර එම පර්යන්තය ශ‍්‍රී ලංකා වරාය අධිකාරිය යටතේ ක‍්‍රියාත්මක කරන ලෙස ඉල්ලා සිටීම.

July 12th, 2019

කොළඹ වරාය නැගෙනහිර පර්යන්තය රැක ගැනීමේ ජාතික ව්‍යාපාරය

කොළඹ වරාය නැගෙනහිර පර්යන්තය රැක ගැනීමේ ජාතික ව්‍යාපාරය
259/9, සෙත්සිරි මාවත, කොස්වත්ත, තලංගම
කැඳවුම්කරු : චන්ද්‍රසිරි මහගමගේ – 071-2051388 / 0112-482970

National Movement to Protect Colombo Harbor Eastern Terminal
259/9, Sethsiri Mawatha, Koswatta, Talangama
Convener: Chandrasiri Mahagamage 071-2051388 / 0112-482970

2019.07.11

අග‍්‍රාමාත්‍ය තුමා,
අග‍්‍රාමාත්‍ය කාර්යාලය,
කොළඹ 01.

ගරු අග‍්‍රාමාත්‍යතුමණි,

කොළඹ වරායේ නැගෙනහිර පර්යන්තය පුද්ගලීකරණය කිරීම සඳහා අත්සන් තබන ලද සහයෝගිතා ගිවිසුම  අහෝසි කර එම පර්යන්තය ශ‍්‍රී ලංකා වරාය අධිකාරිය යටතේ ක‍්‍රියාත්මක කරන ලෙස ඉල්ලා සිටීම.


ඔබතුමාගේ රජය විසින් විෂය භාර අමාත්‍යවරයාගේ මූලිකත්වයෙන් කොළඹ වරාය නැගෙනහිර පර්යන්තය සංවර්ධනය කර පවත්වාගෙන යාම සඳහා ශ‍්‍රී ලංකාව, ජපානය හා ඉන්දියාව සමග සහයෝගිතා ගිවිසුමකට පසුගිය මැයි 28 දින අත්සන් තබා ඇත.

01 දැනට ප‍්‍රකාශ කර ඇති පරිදි යෝජිත එම සමාගමේ හිමිකාරීත්වය ශ‍්‍රී ලංකා රජයට 51% ක් හා ඉන්දියාව හා ජපානයට 49% ක් හිමිවන බව දක්වා ඇත. ශ‍්‍රී ලංකා රජය සතු 51% කෙටස් හිමිකම ශ‍්‍රී ලංකා රජයට  ඕනෑම මෙහොතක පාර්ශවකරුවෙකු වෙත පැවරිය හැක.

02 කොළඹ වරායේ නැගෙනහිර පර්යන්තය ශ‍්‍රී ලංකා වරාය අධිකාරිය සතු විශාල නෞකා මෙහෙය විය හැකි එකම පර්යන්තය වේ.

03 මේ වන විට ලෝකය පුරාම බහලූ මෙහෙයුම් ක‍්‍රියාවලිය කුඩා නෞකා වල සිට විශාල නෞකා දක්වා පරිවර්තනය වී ඇත. ඒ හේතුවෙන් ශ‍්‍රී ලංකා වරාය අධිකාරියේ බහලූ මෙහෙයුම් ක‍්‍රියාවලිය වාර්ෂිකව සීඝ‍්‍ර ලෙස  බිඳ වැටෙමින් පවතී.

04 වරාය ආදායම වාර්ෂිකව අඩුවන විට 10000 ක පමණ වරාය සේවක රැකියා බරපතල අනතුරකට මුහුණ දී ඇත.

05 අනාගත දූ දරුවන්ට වරාය තුල රැකියා කිරීමට පවතින අවස්ථාවද මෙම තීරණයෙන් යටපත් වේ.

06 විශාල නෞකා මෙහෙය විය හැකි ශ‍්‍රී ලංකා වරාය අධිකාරිය සතු එකම පර්යන්තය මේ ආකාරයට විදෙස් සමාගම් වෙත පවරාදීම මගින් ජාතික ආරක්ෂාවට බලවත් තර්ජනයක් ඇති වේ.

07 නැගෙනහිර පර්යන්තයේ මෙහෙයුම් කටයුතු ආරම්භ කිරීමට අවශ්‍ය උපකරණ මිළදී ගැනීම සඳහා වැය කල යුතු ඩොලර් මිලියන 80 ක මුදල ශ‍්‍රී ලංකා වරාය අධිකාරිය සතුව ඇත.

08 එමෙන්ම නැගෙනහිර පර්යන්තයේ මෙහෙයුම් කටයුතු පවත්වගෙන යාම සඳහා අවශ්‍ය පුහුණු මානව සම්පත හා කළමණාකාරීත්වය ශ‍්‍රී ලංකා වරාය අධිකාරිය සතුව ඇත.

මෙම කරුණු පිලිබඳ ඔබතුමාගේ අවධානය යොමු කර ශ‍්‍රී ලංකා වරාය අධිකාරියේ පැවැත්මට අතිශයින් වැදගත් වූද, ජාතික ආරක්ෂාවට බලවත් තර්ජනයක් විය හැකි වූද, ශ‍්‍රී ලංකා ආර්ථිකයට ප‍්‍රබල ප‍්‍රහාරයක් ගෙන දෙන්නා වූද, වරාය සේවක රැකියා වලට බරපතල අනතුරුදායක තත්වයක් ගෙන දෙන්නා වූද, කොළඹ වරායේ නැගෙනහිර පර්යන්තය පෞද්ගලීකරණ කිරීමට අදාලව අත්සන් තබන ලද සහයෝගීතා ගිවිසුම අහෝසි කරන ලෙසත් නැගෙනහිර පර්යන්තය ශ‍්‍රී ලංකා වරය අධිකාරිය යටතේ ක‍්‍රියාත්මක කිරීමට අවශ්‍ය මැදිහත්වීම සිදුකරන ලෙසත් අප කොළඹ වරාය නැගෙනහිර පර්යන්තය රැක ගැනීමේ ජාතික ව්‍යාපාරය ලෙස  ඔබතුමා ඇතුළු ආණ්ඩුවෙන් ඉල්ලා සිටිමු.

ගරු අග‍්‍රාමාත්‍යතුමණි, ඔබ තුමා හා විෂය භාර අමාත්‍යතුමාද සිටින කඩිනම් සාකච්ඡාවක් අප ජාතික ව්‍යාපාරය වෙත ලබා දෙන ලෙසද වැඩි දුරටත් ඉල්ලා සිටිමි.

ස්තුතියි.

මෙයට,
මෙහෙයුම් කමිටුවේ උපදෙස් පරිදි
චන්ද්‍රසිරි මහගමගේ
කැඳවුම්කරු

පිටපත් –
01 වරාය හා නාවික කටයුතු පිලිබඳ අමාත්‍යතුමා
02 ගරු සභාපති තුමා – ශ‍්‍රී ලංකා වරාය අධිකාරිය
03 සියලූ ජනමාධ්‍ය වෙත


Cricket , Muslims and Beard ( without prejudice )

July 12th, 2019

Dr Sarath obeysekera 

In British , Australian and South African  teams ,you note that most of the spin bowlers carry Muslim names who wear beards .

One Bangladeshi Umpire has also started growing a  beard to identify him as a Muslim . 

Most of the Indian Cricketers also have got signature beard like Kohli’s , which is different from beard of other Muslim cricketers worldwide

( I remember the story about an Indian inteprid pilot of a fighter plane which was shot down by Pakistan.He had a signature beard which became popular in India Ironically this hearded ( rather mustached pilot was released by no beard wearing ex cricket captain Imran khan who is the current prime minister of Pakistan) 

Beard of Indian crickets lkkmhas a point with a conical shape like the ones few Sinhala kings had.

I cannot remember any Sri Lankan Muslim cricketer wearing s beard

The fact is that  most of the Muslim personnel in world -cricket started growing beard to identify them selves despite the fact that they have typical Muslim Names..

Question is why have they started this practice during last decade ?

In Muslim community worldwide ,they may have been informed or indoctrinated to wear beard so that they are singled out among all the members.

Other funny side is Muslim cricket  fans in Sri Lanka almost always support Pakistan  when Sri Lankan Team plays against them .

I am not sure how they behave when Sri Lanka plays against Bangladesh

(We also note that Muslim players lift the bat towards sky and look at a imaginary god or kneel and kiss the ground and thank the divine forces.)

Even Muslim Indians never support Pakistan when they play with each other.

Ironically Sri Lankan Non Muslim fans always support Pakistan when they play against India .

Even though Muslim politicians and some religious leaders try to isolate Muslim politics from Sinhala ( or burger ) ,non Muslim fans never discriminate them.

One thing puzzles me is why most of the Muslim

Players in white cricket teams are spinners ?

There is a Racist Sinhala saying thambiyage thoppiya wagei. It turns when and where it suits

May be the meaning of spinning the ball is turning  the ball which batsman fails to play as he often does not know how the direction of turning ball comes to bat and to play safely

There is another saying among racist Sinhalese that he is. Thambiya, you cannot  trust him

Before we go further in building of trust between 

Muslims and other nationalities ,Muslims should drop the habit of wearing hats stop growing beard and change bowling to only fast bowling ?!!!

Fasciola liver flukes infecting wild elephants of Sri Lanka: tackling tricky taxonomy

July 12th, 2019

Scott Lawton Courtesy Biomedcentral

A Fasciola liver fluke found infecting Asian elephants in Sri Lanka reveals a need to understand economically important parasites in wildlife.


Wild Sri Lankan elephants at the Pinnawala Elephant Orphanage (picture by Bernard Gagnon – Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikipedia)

Elephants and fascioliasis

Fascioliasis is a global economic problem impacting upon human and domestic animal health, but what about wildlife? Although we are used to considering the impact of Fasciola infections on domestic animals such as sheep, cattle, and horses, it is often very easy to forget their impact on wild ungulates, including deer, buffalo, antelope, and even elephants.

Fascioliasis is a serious problem for elephants throughout Asia with continuous reports from India, Sri Lanka, and Malaysia of considerable morbidity and mortality in domestic and semi wild elephants.

Historically, elephants were held in high esteem in human societies being depicted as gods and later being domesticated and even used in battle. Today, throughout Asia, elephants continue to have particularly high importance in religion and culture but also as beasts of burden. Yet despite their importance we still know relatively little about their diseases and the true impact that such infections can have on elephant populations.

Domestic Sri Lankan elephants at the Esala Perahera Orphanage (picture CC BY 2.0, via Wikipedia)

An understanding of the consequence of parasitic infections in wild populations of Asian elephants is even more neglected despite the close interactions that domestic and semi domestic elephants have with their wild counterparts.

Wild elephants are in continual conflict with humans for land. In Sri Lanka the conflict is so intense it is estimated to result in the death of at least one human a week and one elephant every two days. Owing to this continued conflict there has been a dramatic decrease in wild elephant numbers due to a lack of space and an eruption of infectious diseases, including the liver fluke Fasciola jacksoni, the agent of elephant fascioliasis.

Fasciola jacksoni: tackling the tricky taxonomy of a terrible trematode

Prof Jayanthe Rajapakse led a team of veterinarians and parasitologists on a 39 month survey of the health of wild elephants across Sri Lanka from January 2000 to April 2003, collecting faecal samples from living elephants and performing autopsies on wild elephants that had been killed as a result of human activity as well as individuals with a fatal burden of F. jacksoni.

Illustration of Fasciola jacksoni in a 1910 book, Elephants and their diseases, a treatise on elephants” by G. H. Evans (CC BY 4.0 via National Library of Scotland)

The autopsies showed that over 50% of the elephants were infected with F. jacksoni, with livers showing cholangitis, an inflammation of the bile duct, and major fibrosis of the liver, a scarring of the liver as result of the parasite’s activity. Since then work has focused on improving the identification of F. jacksoni which has traditionally been done on the morphology of the adult worms which can often be erroneous as morphological characteristics of parasites can vary not only at different life stages but also between different hosts.

In 2019, Prof Rajapakse and his team joined forces with Prof T. Hoa Le of the Institute of Biotechnology, Vietnam and me, Dr Scott Lawton, at Kingston University London in the UK, and was able to apply molecular taxonomic techniques to identify F. jacksoni material from wild elephants for the first time (Rajapakse et al., 2019).

Using both the mitochondrial genetic markers cox1, the DNA barcoding gene, and ND1 gene, it was possible to link the genotypes of eggs from faecal samples to adult flukes, but also showed that there was little to no genetic diversity of worms between hosts, indicating transmission between hosts from particular localities. However, phylogenetic analyses of the F. jacksoni showed it to be most closely related to a highly pathogenic liver fluke of deer Fascioloides magna rather than the medically important genus Fasciola, and upon reanalyses of the morphology, F. jacksoni and Fa. magna shared many anatomical traits not seen in members of Fasciola.

Freezing flukes: the ice age and the movement of elephants from Asia to North America

Skeleton of Columbian mammoth, Mammuthus columbi, in the George C. Page Museum at the La Brea Tar Pits, Los Angeles, California (picture by Wolfman SF – Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons)

Fascioloides magna is an invasive fluke of deer from North America causing serious damage to livestock especially cattle and sheep in Europe. However, the relationship between the elephant fluke and the deer fluke may be an ancient one.

It has been suggested that the ancestors of the American elephants such as the Columbian mammoth which is a sister species to the Asian elephant, would have taken an F. jacksoni-like liver fluke with them as they migrated across the Bering straights from Asia into North America 1.5 million years ago. Eventually, the parasite would have undergone a host switch into North American cervids and persisted in deer after the extinction of the North American elephants and eventually giving rise to Fa. magna. However, this will need further investigation to really resolve the origins of F. jacksoni and Fa. magna.

A need for further understanding of diseases of elephants and large mammals

The application of molecular tools in the identification of F. jacksoni from Sri Lanka provided crucial tools for the monitoring of fascioliasis, especially as the conflict between humans and elephants continues to intensify. Such approaches are crucial to aid in accurate diagnostics of infection of wild and domestic elephants but also provide tools to estimate transmission patterns.

However, there is a growing global need to monitor diseases of wildlife not only to identify the risk of zoonotic infections that could be potential risks to human and livestock health but also to in order to measure consequence of human impact on populations of wild animals.

Populations of elephants, and other large mammals, are becoming increasingly fragmented into smaller areas, and with this increasing density within limited areas there is also an increase in the risk of infection. This could ultimately lead to natural low-level infections increasing in intensity and becoming a real conservation issue.

Scott Lawton

Scott Lawton

Senior Lecturer in Molecular Parasitologyat Kingston University London, UKDr Scott Lawton is a Senior Lecturer in Molecular Parasitology at Kingston University London, UK. As a member of the Molecular Parasitology Laboratory he leads research concentrating on the evolution and molecular epidemiology of neglected parasites and disease vectors of medical and veterinary importance. Particular focus is given to helminths, especially flukes and their snail intermediate hosts. After spending several years focusing on the evolution and genomics of schistosomiasis in Africa, his research focus is now on schistosomes, food-borne trematodes and nematode infections of humans and animals in Europe, Asia and South America.

Sri Lanka Muslims to field first separate Muslim candidate in coming Presidential elections

July 12th, 2019

Colombo, 12 July, (Asiantribune.com):

For the first time in Sri Lankan Presidential elections history, a Muslim candidate who will not represent any mainstream political party but will only represent the Muslims of the country, is set to come forward as a candidate.

Well informed Muslim political sources said that all Muslim political parties will back a separate Muslim Presidential candidate who would likely be nominated by the Sri Lanka Muslim Congress (SLMC) on behalf of all Muslim parties.

The Muslim parties are likely to form a loose coalition at Presidential elections so that the Muslim voter-base would not split and would rally around only one nominated Muslim candidate, the sources added.

According to these sources, it was this consensus that also led to the sudden mass resignation of Muslim Ministers on June 3, who said they were all stepping down in protest against the targeting of a single Muslim politician, leader of ACMC (and former Minister) Rishad Bathiudeen.

“Even Muslim Ministers of UNP who were voted-in by the Sinhalese voters resigned unexpectedly on June 3 with Muslim Ministers who were voted in by Muslim votes. The undisclosed political development of a forthcoming separate Muslim candidate was the reason for their resignation, which was not known to the public at that time. Everyone was led to believe that all Muslim Ministers were standing in unity with Minister Bathiudeen when they resigned” sources added.

When it was asked that “Since a Muslim candidate separately contesting will not be able to secure sufficient votes to become the President of the country, what is the purpose of nominating such a separate Muslim candidate?”

The reliable source within SLMC said “It is well known that such a separate Muslim candidate cannot win the Presidential election alone. We clearly understand this. The expectation of the Muslim candidate is that he/she will show that he/she has the majority Muslim votes of the country, and he/she, representing the Muslims in the country, will start to bargain with the mainstream candidate who is most likely to be the winner in the Presidential election. He/she will therefore be able to do this negotiation for Lankan Muslims in a bigger capacity than a standard Muslim Cabinet Minister or a usual Muslim party leader.”

Sources further told that, Once the mainstream candidate who is likely to be the winner agrees to the demands of our Muslim Presidential candidate, then our Muslim candidate would either withdraw from his candidacy and pledge his and his Muslim voters’ support to this mainstream candidate or, call all Muslim voters to mark “the mainstream candidate who is likely to be the winner” as their “second preference” in their ballot papers.”

– Asian Tribune –

Colombo Dockyard Launches Dedicated Afloat Repair Service

July 12th, 2019

Courtesy The Maritime Executive

Leading Sri Lankan shipbuilding and ship repair service provider Colombo Dockyard PLC has established a dedicated unit to handle afloat ship repairs with fast response and reliable service capability at all Sri Lankan ports.

The RAPID RESPONSE AFLOAT REPAIR SERVICE (RRARS) was officially launched on May 31, 2019 following two years of preliminary service provision which gained the confidence of the shipping community with vessels calling at ports located in Sri Lankan waters. During that time over 100 projects were delivered by RRARS to customers including V.Ships UK, Essar Shipping Ltd, Mumbai, Bremer Bereederungsgesellschaft GmbH & Co. Kg, BBG Breman.

Established to provide fast response and reliable repair services, RRARS was strategically developed under the leadership and guidance of Mr H. Tanaka, Chairman and Mr D.V. Abeysinghe, Managing Director, Colombo Dockyard PLC to meet an identified need-gap in one of the busiest hub ports in the South East Asian region.

Ahead of the official launch of the service, which is available in the ports of Colombo, Galle, Trincomalee, and Hambantota, the RRARS rapid response team has been strengthened and systems streamlined to accommodate the inquiries smoothly. The reliability and versatility of the service is augmented with the spare part back up from the OEM (Original Equipment Manufacturer) and Colombo Dockyard’s integrated supply/logistics network.

Mr. D V Abeysinghe, Managing Director, Colombo Dockyard PLC says, The establishment of this vital service signals the return to normalcy in Sri Lanka’s shipping operations.”

Car-free day in Sri Lanka sparks debate over safety for women

July 12th, 2019

Courtesy Al-Jazeera

Though it may be good for the environment, not having the security of automobiles and public transport has raised fears.

Cars and trains may not always be reliable for getting around the Sri Lankan capital quickly, but they do afford physical protection [Dinuka Liyanawatte/Reuters]

When the mayor of Colombo announced that the congested capital of Sri Lanka would go car-free this Sunday to promote a “healthier” lifestyle, she might have expected a few grumbles from petrolheads.

But no one seems to have anticipated the furious backlash from women in the city, who say cars offer them much-needed protection from sexual harassment both outside on the streets and on public transport.

A tweet from a journalist saying she could “barely walk 100 metres without some sick pervert or inbred idiot saying something perverted or stupid” unleashed a torrent of anger from female residents of the city over the plan this week.

Dozens of women backed the journalist, Marianne David, and recounted their own experiences – from being ogled and flashed on the sidewalks, to being groped and witnessing public masturbation in crowded trains and buses.

“Street harassment is kind of getting worse. I can’t walk 10 steps without being stared at or catcalled,” Pabasara Palletanne, a public bank employee, told the Thomson Reuters Foundation on Friday.

‘Patriarchal attitudes’

Responding to the criticism, the office of Colombo Mayor Rosy Senanayake said she was working to address the issue of sexual harassment.

“Clearly it’s something that needs a sustained effort,” she said in an email.

A 2015 survey by the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) found nine out of 10 women and girls had faced sexual harassment on public buses and trains in Sri Lanka.

Misha’ari Weerabangsa, a graduate student, used the term “galling” in reaction to the fact that the car-free idea was spearheaded by two women – the mayor and the Dutch ambassador to Sri Lanka, Joanne Doornewaard.

“They fail to take into consideration the ground realities that are faced by commuters, especially women,” said Weerabangsa, who tweeted a series of incidences of sexual harassment she said she had suffered.

The Dutch embassy did not immediately respond to a request for comment.

But some people on social media responded angrily to David’s tweet, among them a former navy chief who told her to leave the country.

Randima Jayasinghe, a spokesperson for the UNFPA, said such a response highlighted “the patriarchal attitudes prevalent in societies” in Sri Lanka and urged women to report any sexual harassment they experienced.

A 2018 Thomson Reuters Foundation survey of 1,000 women in five of the world’s biggest commuter cities – London, New York, Mexico City, Tokyo and Cairo – found 52 percent cited safety as their top concern while using transport.

The Thomson Reuters Foundation, the charitable arm of Thomson Reuters, covers humanitarian issues, conflicts, land and property rights, modern slavery and human trafficking, gender equality, climate change and resilience.

India-China-Sri Lanka Triangle: The Defense Dimension

July 12th, 2019

By Shantanu Roy-Chaudhury Courtesy The Diplomat

With increasing Indo-Chinese competition in the Indian Ocean, their respective military relationships with Sri Lanka play an important part in this maritime great game. This article will examine this relationship from an Indian perspective, looking at the current scenario and what this means for the future geopolitical scenario in the region.

China has been the largest supplier of arms to Sri Lanka since the 1950s. These transactions have included small arms, ammunition, landmines, naval vessels, and aircraft. China and Sri Lanka’s defense and security cooperation intensified during the Sri Lankan civil war, where China’s support came in several forms. In 2007, then-President Mahinda Rajapaksa’s visit to China led to a $37.6 million deal to purchase Chinese Jian-7 fighter jets, anti-aircraft guns, JY-11 3D air surveillance radar, armoured personnel carriers, and other weaponry.

India-China-Sri Lanka Triangle: The Defense Dimension

In the more recent past, high-level visits between Chinese and Sri Lankan military officials have also furthered ties. In 2012 during the Chinese defense minister’s visit to Sri Lanka, a grant of a $100 million was given for the construction of army camps. China has also provided military training to Sri Lankan officers. Last year, a senior colonel at the Chinese Embassy in Colombo stated that China wishes to boost the development of the Belt and Road Initiative to strengthen the pragmatic cooperation between the two countries and the two militaries.”Enjoying this article? Click here to subscribe for full access. Just $5 a month.

From an Indian perspective, the growing transfer of arms and cooperation between China and Sri Lanka is a cause for concern. Such concerns became a reality in 2014 when Sri Lanka allowed two Chinese submarines and a warship to dock at its port in Colombo. This rang alarm bells — while China’s counterpiracy contingents have been a regular presence in the Indian Ocean region for over a decade, sightings of Chinese submarines in the region were until recently a relatively uncommon occurrence. Although India did not protest aggressively, this was seen as a major breach of trust between New Delhi and Colombo and also heightened tensions with Beijing.

Although this does not imply that Chinese submarine deployments are provocative in nature, they do cause anxiety and can be viewed as diminishing India’s naval superiority in the region. The frequency of Chinese visits has become a concern, along with speculation that an aircraft maintenance facility could be built by the Chinese in the eastern port city of Trincomalee, which India considers a strategic location in terms of national security. This has also led to a greater security dilemma between the two countries, pushing India to strengthen its position in the Indian Ocean as further explained below. The prospect of Chinese arms being used against India is yet another factor that tests India’s relationship not only with Sri Lanka but also with China in the Indian Ocean, where the battle for influence between two of Asia’s most powerful countries is taking place.

India has not been left in the dust when it comes to Sri Lankan security cooperation, however. For the first two decades after independence, Sri Lankan military officers trained in Indian military academies, and in 1971, India helped Sri Lanka put down a countrywide rebellion when the government asked for external assistance.

Although India was politically constrained from selling offensive weapons to Sri Lanka, it facilitated arms deals, sold defensive weapons, and provided critical naval and intelligence support to help Sri Lanka target the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam.

More recently, New Delhi has particularly provided support in the maritime realm. Last year, the Indian Coast Guard gifted an offshore patrol vessel (OPV) to the Sri Lankan Coast Guard for training and surveillance purposes. The Indian Coast Guard also handed over two OPVs to Sri Lanka in 2006 and 2008. Prior to handing over the OPVs to Sri Lanka, training was imparted by the Indian Coast Guard on ship handling, bridge navigation, and engine room controls.

Sri Lanka ordered two advanced offshore patrol vessels (AOPVs) from India in 2014 for $74 million each, the country’s first-ever purchase of a new AOPV from a foreign builder. Custom-made for the Sri Lankan Navy by Goa Shipyard Limited, the vessels were commissioned in 2017 and 2018, resistively, becoming the largest vessel of its kind to be acquired by the [Sri Lankan] Navy.” India providing these ships to Sri Lanka can be perceived as strengthening Sri Lanka’s maritime security, which is in India’s own national security interest.

India has also held numerous joint military exercises with Sri Lanka, grouped under three different types. The Mitra Shakti” bilateral exercises, conducted between the two armies, started in 2013. The 2017 exercise focused on counterinsurgency and counterterrorism operations, with an emphasis on increasing the use of modern communication, reconnaissance and weapon technologies.

SLINEX” is a series of naval exercises between the two navies. First conducted in 2005, these exercises help the two navies understand each other’s procedures. The goal is to enable the navies of both countries to rehearse and improve their own capabilities and enhance operational effectiveness, which is imperative for maintaining maritime security in the region. The 2017 edition of SLINEX, held near Vishakhapatnam, focused on anti-piracy, fleet work, seamanship, communication, and helicopter operations. SLINEX 2018 took place in Trincomalee, Sri Lanka and saw a significant boost in its scope, with the Sri Lankan Air Force participating for the first time.

The third joint exercise, called Dosti,” is a trilateral coast guard exercise that includes the Maldives. Originally started in 1991 between India and the Maldives, it expanded in 2012 to include Sri Lanka and is aimed at achieving interoperability. Due to the geostrategic importance of the area, it is important for the coast guards of the three countries to establish the safety and security of the Indian Ocean region. Apart from these, India and Sri Lanka have also participated in larger joint military drills with other countries.

India has also successfully imparted training to the Sri Lankan military across the three branches of the armed forces for years. Although there has occasionally been opposition to such ties from India’s Tamil Nadu, Sri Lanka has asserted that it is committed to training its defense personnel in India and prioritized India over sending officers to other countries. Between 2011 and 2013, almost 1,700 Sri Lankan officers trained in India, and around 80 percent of Sri Lankan naval officers received training from India.

In 2012, an agreement between the Indian and Sri Lankan prime ministers led to the inauguration of the Annual Defense Dialogue between the two countries. This dialogue, attended by high ranking officials, evaluates a range of defense cooperation initiatives, including maritime security, to further bilateral defense ties.

Thus, through these various confidence-building measures, the Indian military currently enjoys a level of cooperation with Sri Lanka that China most likely never will.

Therefore, India is still an important player with reference to Sri Lanka’s defense and security and in the recent past has significantly stepped up its defense cooperation with Colombo. Although China is increasing its defense ties with Sri Lanka mainly through military sales at the moment, Beijing could potentially strengthen ties further if the Sri Lankan Navy’s Southern Command base is indeed shifted to the Chinese-run Hambantota port. However, the prime minister’s office has stated that China will not use the facility for military purposes.

India on the other hand, although with limited military sales and exports, is still the top training destination for Sri Lankan officers. Furthermore, ties between the two militaries remain strong and continue to grow through annual joint military exercises covering all three services. With government assurance that Sri Lankan soil will not be used by anyone against India, it is imperative that the government in New Delhi continues to foster this relationship.

Looking at the situation from the Sri Lankan perspective, Colombo needs to tread carefully on how it manages its defense relations. Growing too close to China could create problems with India while leaning too much in favor of India could affect Chinese military sales to the country and other aspects of their bilateral relationship. For Colombo, it is therefore imperative to try and maximize its own gains while not antagonizing either of the large powers.

Shantanu Roy-Chaudhury is a recent graduate of the University of Oxford, St. Antony’s College who specialises in international relations of South Asia.

Saudi Embassy refutes allegations of providing loans for Lankan Muslims

July 12th, 2019

Courtesy  Saudi Gazette

COLOMBO — The Kingdom’s embassy in Colombo has refuted allegations that Saudi Arabia is providing loans for Muslims through some local banks at the interest rate of 1 percent.

The Embassy of Saudi Arabia referred to a statement made by former Western Province Governor Dr. Hemakumara Nanayakkara on June 13 in their media release refuting the allegations.

The embassy has asserted that the soft loans provided by Saudi Arabia for the development projects in Sri Lanka are intended to be contributions to provide a quality life for the friendly people of Sri Lanka.”

The list of projects financed by the government of Saudi Arabia in Sri Lanka, as revealed by the Embassy of Saudi Arabia, is as follows:

• Colombo Water Supply and Sewerage, $26.64m

• Electric Power Transmission, $12.83m

• Mahaweli Ganga Downstream Development System “B” Left Bank, $22.66m

• Medical Services Development in Colombo, $14.93m

• Batticaloa-Tricomalee Road Development, $10.66m

• Epilepsy Hospital and Health Center, $32 Million

• Kaluganga Development, $46m

• Road Network Development, $60m

• Improvement of Peradeniya-Badulla Chenkaladi Road, $60m

• Development of Left Bank of Kaluganga, $45m

• Development of Wayamba University, $28m

• Medical Faculty of Sabragamuwa University, $50m

The total: $408.72 m

How a British law against modern slavery is leading to moral policing in Sri Lanka

July 12th, 2019

Courtesy Scroll.In

Article 54 of the Modern Slavery Act has made factory managers in developing countries paranoid about aiding or abetting sexual slavery.

How a British law against modern slavery is leading to moral policing in Sri Lanka

The Modern Slavery Act was seen as a big achievement for combating the issue of forced labour. But since it was passed by the UK government in 2015, many have pointed out its shortcomings. In particular, how the legislation helps cover up serious forced labour issues, all the while making citizens who are concerned about the problem feel better.

Less well known is how Article 54 of the act, which assigns British companies the responsibility to clean up their global supply chains, hurts factory workers in developing countries. I’ve witnessed how British companies outsource this responsibility to local factory managers in Sri Lanka.

These local managers feel tremendous pressure to monitor their workforce, even beyond the shop floor, for fear of losing their contracts. And this leads to an excessive amount of surveillance, with devastating consequences for factory workers, most of whom are female.

The Modern Slavery Act was passed after years of pressure from anti-trafficking organisations, which promoted global laws that hold all commercial actors jointly accountable for forced labour. Article 54 of the act requires UK companies to prepare slavery and human trafficking statements that account for their supply chains. Besides protecting vulnerable workers, these statements are also geared toward enhancing their reputations and improving investor confidence.

But by recommending universal policies, the Modern Slavery Act fails to take into account how local suppliers around the world respond to it, even though the law effectively transfers to them the responsibility to keep the workforce free from modern slavery. It has led to a climate of suspicion and fear that exacerbates the already difficult lives of their workforce.

I spent two summers speaking about the Modern Slavery Act to female factory workers in Sri Lanka’s free trade zones, which are industrial areas with a number of garment factories that supply many foreign companies. I found there is intense pressure on local managers to clean up their assembly lines in such a way that the Western companies which hire them could not be accused of modern slavery. The pressure to appear clean results in an unhealthy working environment.

It also limits women’s freedom in a number of ways. For instance, a number of women I spoke to engaged in part-time sex work to make extra money outside of their factory jobs. This work was of their own choosing – and very different from the sexual trafficking or exploitation that the Modern Slavery Act is also designed to stop. But local managers feared it would be seen by Western auditors as exploitation and threaten their contracts. As one factory manager told me, If we do not fire part-time sex workers, our factories can get blacklisted and our orders will be cancelled.”

Surveillance and suspicion

Some international companies also have whistleblower policies which put the onus on workers to report any concerns they have about colleagues being exploited. It’s meant to be for their protection but increases the environment of suspicion and surveillance in factories.

While there is nothing in the Modern Slavery Act that says workers must behave a certain way outside the factory premises, managers are consumed with anxiety over being accused of aiding and abetting sexual slavery.

Many factory workers told me how factory compliance officers asked them to stop doing any part-time work, including sex work, as soon as possible. They were also told to report on colleagues.

One worker speculated that the sudden firing of a colleague had something to do with the new policies that came into place after the Modern Slavery Act. While nobody had actually accused her of sex work, there were rumours that she engaged in casual sex with various boyfriends. Considering the cultural context of Sri Lanka, where this behaviour is heavily frowned upon and even equated with prostitution at times, it can be seen as the misapplication of the Modern Slavery Act at the local level, resulting in an even more stressful work culture.

It’s not the first instance where international attempts to stop human trafficking has complicated things for the local workforce. In Congo, the efforts to halt child labour associated with cobalt mining led to thousands of legitimate adult jobs being lost and much socioeconomic upheaval due to blanket policies being put in place, which pay little attention to local issues at play.

Precarious pay

The workers I spoke to who engage in part-time sex work told me that they do so because their factory pay is not enough. Many women are hoping to earn enough to buy a small plot of land to achieve financial independence.

So a better remedy to stop women from sex work might be to pay them a meaningful living wage. Instead, the Modern Slavery Act’s emphasis on clean supply chains is making women’s livelihoods more precarious. Perhaps if the act emphasised better pay for workers in global supply chains the outcome might be different. But the bottom line is, it must encourage better engagement with the local workforce.

The act was imposed in Sri Lanka without consulting global factory workers and now threatens a space that previously allowed women a path to economic empowerment. The conflation of sex trafficking with sex work assumes the majority of women in developing countries are victims that lack their own agency. But, for many of the women I spoke to, sex work was their own choice.

More disturbingly, intentionally or not, Article 54 makes global factory managers responsible for the leisure activities of their workers and, by extension, their moral conduct. Rather than requiring UK companies to ensure a living wage and help the education and economic empowerment of their supply chain workforce, the Modern Slavery Act punishes them.

Sandya Hewamanne is a senior lecturer in sociology at the University of Essex.

This story first appeared on The Conversation.

Epidemiological and statistical study – On allegations against Dr. Shafi

July 12th, 2019

Courtesy The Daily Mirror

The opposition yesterday urged the government to conduct an epidemiological and statistical study into the allegations against Obstetrician and Gynecologist Dr. Shafi Shiabdeen of the Kurunegala Teaching Hospital without trying to sweep the allegations under the carpet.

UPFA MP Ramesh Pathirana told parliament that it was the responsibility of the health ministry to conduct an epidemiological and statistical study and find out the truth behind the allegations.

He said more than 1,000 complaints had been received of secondary sub-fertility after 4,732 C-section operations carried out by Dr. Shafi and added that it was an important incident when compared with the global situation.

Secondary sub-fertility after C-section operations is 10 per cent in the world. 1,000 incidents of secondary sub-fertility out of 4,732 caesarean sections amount to 25 per cent. This should be reported as a statistically significant finding,” he said.

The MP urged the health ministry to conduct a scientific investigation and reveal the truth to the public. 

ජනතා මුදලින් නඩත්තු වන සී.අයි.ඞී.ය පෙනී ඉන්නේ ෂාෆි වෙනුවෙන් – රතන හිමියෝ කියති

July 12th, 2019

රටේ ජනතාවගේ මුදලින් නඩත්තු වන අපරාධ පරීක්ෂණ දෙපාර්තමේන්තුවේ ඇතැම් නිලධාරීන් පෙනී සිටින්නේ ෂාෆි ෂෙහාබ්ඞීන් වෛද්‍යවරයා වෙනුවෙන් බවත් ඔහුට විරුද්ධ ප‍්‍රමාණවත් සාක්ෂි තිබියදීත් මෙම සිදුවීම යටපත් කර ෂාෆි වෛද්‍යවරයා නිදොස් කිරීමට සී.අයි.ඞී.ය උත්සාහ ගන්නා බවත් ඊට කිසිසේත් ඉඩ නොදෙන බවත් පාර්ලිමේන්තු මන්තී‍්‍ර අතුුරලියේ රතන හිමියෝ ප‍්‍රකාශ කළහ.

‘‘අපරාධකරුවා වෙනුවෙන් පෙනී සිටින අපරාධ පරීක්ෂණ දෙපාර්තමේන්තුව අපරාධකරුවා නිසා වින්දිත භාවයට පත් මවුවරුන් වෙනුවෙන් පෙනී සිටින්නේ නෑ’’ යැයි උන්වහන්සේ චෝදනා කළහ.

කුරුණෑගල ශික්ෂණ රෝහලේ වෛද්‍ය ෂාෆි ෂෙහාබ්ඞීන්ට එරෙහිව පැවැත්වෙන නඩු විභාගය ඊයේ (11දා* කුරුණෑගල අධිකරණයේදී ආරම්භ වූ අතර ෂාෆි වෛද්‍යවරයාගෙන් සිසේරියන් සැත්කම් සිදුකරගත් මවුවරුන් පිරිසක් ඊයේ (11* දින අධිකරණ පරිශ‍්‍රය වෙත පැමිණ සිටි අතර ඔවුන්ගේ පා ගමනට එක්වූ රතන හිමියෝ එහිදී මේ බව සඳහන් කළහ.

එහිදී මාධ්‍ය වෙත අදහස් දක්වූ අතුරලියේ රතන හිමියෝ වැඩිදුරටත් මෙසේද කියා සිටියහ.

ෂාෆි ෂෙහාබ්ඞීන් වෛද්‍යවරයා සහරාන්ට වඩා දරුණු අපරාධකාරයෙක්. නමුත් එ් පිළිබඳව ජනාධිපතිවරයා හෝ අගමැතිවරයා සාධාරණ මැදිහත්වීමක් සිදු කරලා නැහැ. අපි මේ සටන ගෙන යන්නේ මුස්ලිම් අයට විරුද්ධව නෙවෙයි. හැබැයි අල්ලා දෙවියන් නමින් මිත්‍යාදෘෂ්ටික මතයක් හදාගෙන මුස්ලිම් අය විතරයි සිටිය යුත්තේ අනික් ජාතීන් වඳ කළ යුතුයි කියන මතයේ පිරිසක් සිටන බව අප යථාර්ථය ලෙස පිළිගත යුතුයි. අද මම කනගාටු වෙනවා මේ ආණ්ඩුවට මේ ප‍්‍රශ්නය නිසා දේශපාලනික බයක් ඇති වී තිබීම පිළිබඳව.

සැකකාර ෂාෆි වෛද්‍යවරයාගේ දේපළ මිලදී ගැනීම් ගැන සී.අයි.ඞී.යේ පරීක්‍ෂණ ගැටලූ සහගතයි -!-කුරුණෑගල මහෙස්ත‍්‍රාත් සම්පත් හේවාවසම්

July 12th, 2019

උපුටා ගැන්ම දිවයින

අපරාධ පරීක්‍ෂණ දෙපාර්තමේන්තුව ෂාෆි වෛද්‍යවරයාගේ සිසේරියන් සැත්කම් ගැන කිසිදු විමර්ශනයක් සිදුකර නෑ – අගතියට පත් පාර්ශ්වයේ ජනාධිපති නීතිඥ මොහාන් විජේනායක

සී.අයි.ඞී.ය විමර්ශන සිදුකර ඇත්තේ සැකකරු නිදහස් කිරීමේ අරමුණින් – ජනාධිපති නීතිඥ යූ. ආර්. ද සිල්වා 

සැකකරු සිදුකර ඇත්තේ මිනිස් සංහතියටම වරදක් – නීතිඥ කල්‍යානන්ද තිරාණගම

අයථා මුදල් ඉපයීම සම්බන්ධයෙන් සාධාරණ සාක්‍ෂි ඉදිරිපත් වී නෑ –  නියෝජ්‍ය සොලිසිටර් ජනරාල් තුසිත් මුදලිගේ 


ඒ. ජේ. ඒ. අබේනායක, කුරුණෑගල – ඩබ්ලිව්. බණ්ඩාර

කුරුණෑගල රෝහලේ සිදුකළ සිසේරියන් සැත්කම්වලදී මවුවරුන් වඳ භාවයට පත්කිරීම ඇතුළු චෝදනා එල්ලවන වෛi මොහොමඞ් ෂාෆි සැකකරුගේ දේපළ මිලදී ගැනීම් පිළිබඳව අපරාධ පරීක්‍ෂණ දෙපාර්තමේන්තුවේ විමර්ශන කරුණු සම්බන්ධයෙන් තම අධිකරණයේද ගැටලූවක් පවතින බව කුරුණෑගල මහෙස්ත‍්‍රාත් සම්පත් හේවාවසම් මහතා ඊයේ (11 දා* අවධාරණය කළේය.

සැකකාර වෛiවරයාට එරෙහි පැමිණිල්ල විභාගයට ගනු ලැබූ අවස්ථාවේදී අගතියට පත් මවුවරුන් වෙනුවෙන් පෙනී සිටි නීතිඥවරුන් දක්වා සිටි කරුණු කෙරෙහි සැලකිලිමත් වෙමින් මහෙස්ත‍්‍රාත්වරයා එසේ අවධාරණය කළේය.


පසුගිය වසර 13 ක කාලය තුළදී පමණක් කුරුණෑගල ශික්‍ෂණ රෝහලෙන් සිසේරියන් සැත්කම් 33,000 ක් සිදුකර ඇතැයි අගතියට පත් පාර්ශ්වය වෙනුවෙන් පෙනී සිටි ජනාධිපති නීතිඥ මොහාන් විජේකෝන් මහතා ඊයේ (11 දා* කුරුණෑගල මහෙස්ත‍්‍රාත් සම්පත් හේවාවසම් මහතා ඉදිරියේ කියා සිටියේය.

පසුගිය වසර 08 ක කාලය තුළදී පමණක් ඉන් සැත්කම් 17,600 ක් ම සිදුකර ඇති බව ද කී නීතිඥවරයා එකී ප‍්‍රමාණයෙන් හතරෙන් එකක් සිදුකර ඇත්තේ සැකකාර මොහොමඞ් ෂාෆි බව ද පෙන්වා දුන්නේය.
වෛi ෂාෆි මසකට සැත්කම් 45 ක් පමණ සිදු කරන විට ඔහු සමග සේවය කරන සෙසු වෛiවරුන් 19 දෙනාම සිදුකර ඇත්තේ එකී සමස්ත ප‍්‍රමාණයෙන් අටයි දශම තුනක ප‍්‍රමාණයක් වුවත් විමර්ශනය සිදුකරන අපරාධ පරීක්‍ෂණ දෙපාර්තමේන්තුව ඒ සම්බන්ධයෙන් කිසිදු විමර්ශනයක් සිදුකර නැති බව ද හෙතෙම පෙන්වා දුන්නේය.

දිවයින පුවත්පත මගින් එම ව්‍යසනය හෙළි කළ පසු සැකකාර ෂාෆි විසින් සැත්කම් කළ මවුවරුන් ඒ සම්බන්ධයෙන් උනන්දු වී තොරතුරු සෙවීම ආරම්භ කළ බවත් එහිදී පෙන්වා දුන් ජනාධිපති නීතිඥවරයා සැකකාර ෂාෆි වෛiවරයා ඉතාම සූක්‍ෂම ආකාරයෙන් දීර්ඝ කාලයක් තිස්සේ සිංහල මවුවරුන්ට සිසේරියන් සැත්කම් කළ බවට සාක්‍ෂි ඇති බවත්, එකී සැත්කම් සිදුකිරීමේදී පැලෝපීය නාළය තත්පර පහක් දහයක් අතර කාලයක් තදකර සිටීම මගින් එම නාළ විනාශ කිරීමේ හැකියාව පවතින බව ද පෙන්වා දුන්නේය.

ෂාෆි වෛiවරයාට එරෙහිව අපරාධ පරීක්‍ෂණ දෙපාර්තමේන්තුව විමර්ශන සිදුකරන පරීක්‍ෂණ සම්බන්ධයෙන් අගතියට පත් පාර්ශ්ව කිසිදු සෑහීමකට පත් නොවන බවත්, එකී විමර්ශන සම්බන්ධයෙන් කිසිදු ආකාරයකින් විශ්වාස නොකරන බවත් එහිදී පෙන්වා දුන් ජනාධිපති නීතිඥවරයා සැකකරු ඇප මත මුදා හැරීමෙන් දේශපාලන හා මුදල් බලය ඇති මොහුට සාක්‍ෂිකරුවන්ට බලපෑම් කිරීමේ හැකියාව ඇති බවත් පෙන්වා දුන්නේය.
සැකකරු සිදුකර ඇති එකී ජන සංහාරය සඳහා ඔහුට විදේශ රටවලින් මුදල් ලැබී ඇති බවට තොරතුරු ලැබී ඇති බවද මුදල් විශුද්ධිකරණ පනත යටතේ නොව, ත‍්‍රස්තවාදය වැළැක්වීමේ පනත යටතේ ඔහුට විරුද්ධව පරීක්‍ෂණ සිදුකළ හැකි බව ද පෙන්වා දුන්නේය.

මෙහිදී අගතියට පත් පාර්ශ්වය වෙනුවෙන් පෙනී සිට ජනාධිපති නීතිඥ යූ. ආර්. ද සිල්වා මහතා කරුණු දක්වමින් සැකකාර ෂාෆි මුදල් උපයාගත් ආකාරය පිළිබඳ විමර්ශන සිදුකරනු වෙනුවට අපරාධ පරීක්‍ෂණ දෙපාර්තමේන්තුවේ සමූහ මංකොල්ල විමර්ශන අංශය ඒ සම්බන්ධයෙන් විමර්ශනය කිරීම සමූහ ලෙස වළක්වා ඇති බව ද පෙන්වා දුන්නේය.

අපරාධ පරීක්‍ෂණ දෙපාර්තමේන්තුව විමර්ශන සිදුකර ඇත්තේ ත‍්‍රස්තවාදය වැළැක්වීමේ පනත මඟහැර සැකකරු නිදහස් කිරීමේ අරමුණින් බව පෙන්වා දුන් ජනාධිපති නීතිඥ යූ. ආර්. ද සිල්වා මහතා අධිකරණය අපරාධ පරීක්‍ෂණ දෙපාර්තමේන්තුවෙන් අපේක්‍ෂා කළේ එකී දියාරු විමර්ශන ප‍්‍රතිපත්තියක් නොවන බව ද පෙන්වා දුන්නේය.


එහිදී අගතියට පත් පාර්ශ්වය වෙනුවෙන් පෙනී සිටි නීතිඥ ඉන්‍ද්‍රසිරි සේනාරත්න මහතා අධිකරණයට පෙන්වා දුන්නේ සැකකරුට එරෙහිව ලැබුණු බුද්ධි තොරතුරු අනුව විමර්ශනය කිරීමට ගිය අපරාධ පරීක්‍ෂණ දෙපාර්තමේන්තුවේ නිලධාරීන් කුරුණෑගල කොට්ඨාස භාරව සිටි නියෝජ්‍ය පොලිස්පතිවරයාගෙන් ප‍්‍රශ්න කොට ඇත්තේ සැකකරුට එල්ල වූ චෝදනා සම්බන්ධයෙන් නොව ඔහු මාධ්‍යයට ලබා දුන් පිළිතුරු සම්බන්ධයෙන් යැයිද කියා සිටියේය.

කුරුණෑගල නියෝජ්‍ය පොලිස්පතිවරයාගේ නියෝග අනුව ෂාෆි වෛද්‍යවරයාට එරෙහිව විමර්ශන සිදුකළ කුරුණෑගල කොට්ඨාස භාර ජ්‍යෙෂ්ඨ පොලිස් අධිකාරිවරයා භාරයේ තිබූ විමර්ශන ගොනු අපරාධ පරීක්‍ෂණ භාරයට ගැනීම පිළිබඳ බලවත් සැකයක් මතුවන බවත් ඒ සම්බන්ධයෙන් ජ්‍යෙෂ්ඨ පොලිස් අධිකාරිවරයා ලබාදුන් ප‍්‍රකාශ අධිකරණයට ඉදිරිපත් නොකිරීම ගැටලූ සහගත බව ද සේනාරත්න මහතා පෙන්වා දුන්නේය.
නඩුව ඊයේ දින කැඳවූ අවස්ථාවේදී අපරාධ පරීක්‍ෂණ දෙපාර්තමේන්තු නිලධාරීන් විසින් සැකකාර ෂාෆි වෛiවරයා අධිකරණයට ඉදිරිපත් කරනු ලැබීය. ඔහුට එරෙහිව ත‍්‍රස්තවාදය වැළැක්වීමේ පනත යටතේ 
ගැනෙන චෝදනා සනාථ කිරීමට ප‍්‍රමාණවත් සාක්‍ෂි ඉදිරිපත් නොවූ බැවින් ඒ සම්බන්ධයෙන් ආරක්‍ෂක අමාත්‍යවරයාව දැනුවත් කළ බවත්, ඒ අනුව ආරක්‍ෂක අමාත්‍යවරයා විසින් ඔහුට එරෙහිව නිකුත් කර තිබූ දින 90 ක රැුඳවුම් නියෝග පෙරේදා අවසන් කළ බවත් නීතිපති දෙපාර්තමේන්තුව වෙනුවෙන් පෙනී සිටි නියෝජ්‍ය සොලිසිටර් ජනරාල් තුසිත් මුදලිගේ මහතා අධිකරණයට පෙන්වා දුන්නේය.

වෛi මොහොමඞ් ෂාෆි විසින් කුරුණෑගල රෝහලේ සිදුකරන ලද සැක සහිත සිසේරියන් සැත්කම් අතරින් පැලෝපීය නාළවලට හානි වී ඇතැයිද යන්න පරීක්‍ෂණ සිදුකිරීම සඳහා නියමිත මවුවරුන් 147 දෙනාගෙන් වෙන් වෙන්ව ප‍්‍රකාශ සටහන් කර රෝහල භාරයේ ඇති ඇඳ හිසපත් සටහන් ලබාගෙන සම්පූර්ණ පරීක්‍ෂණයක් සිදුකළ යුතුව ඇතැයි ද නියෝජ්‍ය සොලිසිටර් ජනරාල්වරයා පෙන්වා දුන්නේය.

එබැවින් විමර්ශන නිලධාරීන් සිදුකර ඇති එච්. ජී. පරීක්‍ෂණ සඳහා එකී මවුවරුන් 147 දෙනාට අනිවාර්යයෙන් සහභාගි වන ලෙස දැනුම් දෙන්නැයි නියෝජ්‍ය සොලිසිටර් ජනරාල්වරරයා අධිකරණයෙන් ඉල්ලා සිටියේය.
ෂාෆි වෛiවරයා විසින් සිදුකරන ලද සිසේරියන් සැත්කම් සම්බන්ධයෙන් කුරුණෑගල රෝහලට හෝ අපරාධ පරීක්‍ෂණ දෙපාර්තමේන්තුවට ලැබී ඇති කුමන හෝ පැමිණිල්ලක් ඉල්ලා අස්කර ගෙන ඇත්නම් මෙහි ඉදිරි විමර්ශන වලට බාධාවක් වන බවද මහෙස්ත‍්‍රාත්වරයා පෙන්වාදුන් මහෙස්ත‍්‍රාත්වරයා ඒ සම්බන්ධයෙන් කළ විමසීමට පිළිතුරු දුන් අපරාධ පරීක්‍ෂණ දෙපාර්තමේන්තුව සහ කුරුණෑගල රෝහල් අධ්‍යක්‍ෂවරයා පෙන්වා දුන්නේ මේ දක්වා කිසිදු පැමිණිල්ලක් ඉල්ලා අස්කර ගෙන නොමැති බවය.


ෂාෆි වෛiවරයාට එරෙහිව තිබූ අයථා වත්කම් උපයා ගැනීම සම්බන්ධයෙන් තවදුරටත් විමර්ශන සිදුකරන බව පෙන්වා දුන් නියෝජ්‍ය සොලිස්ටර් ජනරාල්වරයා සැකකරු එවැනි මුදල් උපයාගෙන ඇති බවට සාධාරණ සැකයෙන් ඔබ්බට ඔප්පු කළ හැකි සාධාරණ සාක්‍ෂි මේ දක්වා ඉදිරිපත් වී නොමැති බවද කියා සිටියේය. එකී විමර්ශන මේ වන විට බොහෝ දුරට අවසන් බවද නියෝජ්‍ය සොලිසිටර් ජනරාල්වරයා පෙන්වා දුන් අවස්ථාවේ අගතියට පත් පාර්ශ්වය වෙනුවෙන් නීතිඥවරුන් පෙන්වා දුන්නේ මෙම සැකකරුගේ ගිණුම්වලට විදේශ රටවලින් ලැබී ඇති මුදල් සම්බන්ධයෙන් වාර්තා විමර්ශන අංශ වෙත ලැබී නොතිබියදී විමර්ශන බොහෝ දුරට අවසන් බවට ප‍්‍රකාශ කරන්නේ කුමන පදනමක් මතදැයි විමසා සිටියේය.


සැකකරු නමින් අමානෝ බැංකුවේ සහ කොමර්ෂල් බැංකුවේත් පවත්වාගෙන යන ගිණුම්වලට 2015 ජුනි 04 වැනිදා රුපියල් මිලියන 115 කට අධික ප‍්‍රමාණයක් ලැබී ඇති බවත් 2015 දෙසැම්බර් 16 වැනිදා තවත් මිලියන 115 ක චෙක්පතක් අමානෝ බැංකුවට ලැබී ඇති බවත් අගතියට පත් පාර්ශ්වය වෙනුවෙන් පෙනී සිටි නීතිඥවරුන් කියා සිටියේය.


එහිදී අගතියට පත් පාර්ශ්වය වෙනුවෙන් පෙනී සිටි නීතිඥ සේනාරත්න මහතා අධිකරණයට පෙන්වා දුන්නේ සැකකරුට අයත් දේපළ මිලදී ගෙන ඇති මුදල් ප‍්‍රමාණය සම්බන්ධයෙන් අපරාධ පරීක්‍ෂණ දෙපාර්තමේන්තුව අධිකරණයට ඉදිරිපත් කළ වත්කම් විස්තර ඉතාමත්ම අඩු බවයි.

රුපියල් කෝටි 04 කට සැකකරු කුරුණෑගල වීරසිංහ මාවතේ නිවසක් මිලදී ගත් බව අපරාධ පරීක්‍ෂණ වාර්තාවෙන් පෙන්වා දී ඇතත් එකී දේපළ මිලදී ගැනීම සඳහා ඔහු රුපියල් කෝටි 15 ක් 20 ක් වැයකළ බව එකී මිලදී ගැනීමේදී බ්‍රෝකර්වරයා ලෙස කටයුතු කළ අය පෙන්වා දී ඇතැයි ද නීතිඥවරයා පෙන්වා දුන්නේය.

මේ ආකාරයෙන්ම ඔහු සතුව ඇති දේපළවල වටිනාකම් හා ඒවා මිලදී ගැනීම සඳහා වැයකළ මුදල් අඩුවෙන් පෙන්වා ඇති බවද අගතියට පත් පාර්ශ්වය වෙනුවෙන් පෙන්වා දුන් නීතිඥවරුන් ඒ සම්බන්ධයෙන් වැයකළ මුදල් විමර්ශන නිලධාරීන්ට සොයා ගැනීම අපහසු නම් තොරතුරු සොයාදීමට තමන්ට හැකි බව පෙන්වා දුන්නේය.


අගතියට පත් පාර්ශ්වය වෙනුවෙන් පෙනී සිටි නීතිඥ කල්‍යානන්ද තිරාණගම මහතා සැකකාර වෛiවරයා සිදුකර ඇත්තේ උපත් වැළැක්වීම සඳහා පියවර ගැනීමෙන් ජනවර්ග ඝාතනයක් බවත්, එය ජාත්‍යන්තර සම්මුති පනත යටතේ ගැනෙන මිනිස් සංහතියටම සිදුකළ වරදක් බවත් පෙන්වා දුන්නේය. වඳ සැත්කම් චෝදනාව ත‍්‍රස්තවාදය වැළැක්වීමේ පනත යටතේ විමර්ශනය සිදුකළ හැකි වරදක් බවත් පෙන්වා දුන් තිරාණගම මහතා අපරාධ පරීක්‍ෂණ දෙපාර්තමේන්තුව සිදුකර ඇත්තේ ඒ ගැන විමර්ශන සිදුකිරීම නොව එකී ජනවර්ග සංහාරයේ අනතුර අනාවරණය කළ ‘දිවයින’ මාධ්‍යවේදීන් හඹායෑම බවද පෙන්වා දුන්නේය. එහිදී අපරාධ පරීක්‍ෂණ දෙපාර්තමේන්තුව සිදුකරන විමර්ශන කෙරෙහි කිසිදු විශ්වාසයක් අගතියට පත් පාර්ශ්වවලට නොමැති බැවින් එම අපරාධ පරීක්‍ෂණ කණ්ඩායම එකී විමර්ශනවලින් ඉවත් කරන ලෙසද අගතියට පත් පාර්ශ්ව දැඩිව අධිකරණයෙන් ඉල්ලා සිටියේය.

සාමාන්‍ය වරදක් කළ අයකු සම්බන්ධයෙන් බොහෝ විට උදාසීනව විමර්ශන සිදුකරන අපරාධ පරීක්‍ෂණ දෙපාර්තමේන්තුව මේ තරම් බරපතළ චෝදනා එල්ල වී ඇති සැකකාර වෛiවරයාව එකී චෝදනාවලින් ගලවා ගැනීමට කඩිමුඩියේ විමර්ශන සිදුකර නීතිපති දෙපාර්තමේන්තුව සමග එක්ව අධිකරණයට කරුණු වාර්තා කිරීම පුදුම සහගත බවද ඔවුන් පෙන්වා දුන්නේය.

එහිදී මහෙස්ත‍්‍රාත් සම්පත් හේවාවසම් මහතා පෙන්වා දුන්නේ අගතියට පත් පාර්ශ්ව පෙන්වා දුන් කරුණු සම්බන්ධයෙන් එනම් කුරුණෑගල නගරයට ආසන්නව පිහිටි සැකකරුට අයත් යැයි කියන දේපළ මිලදී ගත්තේ යැයි අපරාධ පරීක්‍ෂණ දෙපාර්තමේන්තුව පෙන්වා දුන් කරුණු සම්බන්ධයෙන් තම අධිකරණයටද ගැටලූවක් පවතින බවයි.

සිය සේවාදායකයාට එරෙහිව ප‍්‍රමාණවත් සාක්‍ෂි ඉදිරිපත් වී නොමැති බව පෙන්වා දෙමින් විමර්ශන නිලධාරීන් හා නියෝජ්‍ය සොලිසිටර් ජනරාල්වරයා කරුණු දක්වා ඇති බැවින් ඕනෑම කොන්දේසියකට යටත්ව සැකකාර ෂාෆි වෛiවරයාව මුදාහරින ලෙස ඔහු වෙනුවෙන් පෙනී සිටි අනුර මැද්දෙවෙල මහතා ඉල්ලීමක් කළ නමුත් අධිකරණය එම ඉල්ලීම ප‍්‍රතික්ෂේප කළේය.

‘දිවයින’ කළේ ස්වභාවිකව වැළලීමට ගිය සිද්ධියක අගමුල හෙළිකිරීමයි; නීතිඥ ගයාන් පෙරේරා මහෙස්ත‍්‍රාත් ඉදිරියේ කියයි

July 12th, 2019

ඒ. ජේ. ඒ. අබේනායක උපුටා ගැන්ම දිවයින

kury

 රටට ජාතියට බලපාන ඉතාමත් වැදගත් තොරතුරක් ලද විට නිහඬව නොසිට ‘දිවයින’ පුවත්පත ඉතාමත් සමගි, සංයමයකින් යුතුව පළ කළ එම ප‍්‍රවෘත්තියේ සත්‍ය අසත්‍යතාව සොයනු වෙනුවට විමර්ශන නිලධාරීන් සිදුකර ඇත්තේ මාධ්‍යවේදීන්ගෙන් දිගට හරහට ප‍්‍රශ්න කිරීම පමණක් යැයි නීතිඥ ගයාන් පෙරේරා මහතා කුරුණෑගල මහෙස්ත‍්‍රාත් සම්පත් හේවාවසම් මහතා ඉදිරියේ ප‍්‍රකාශ කළේය.

 මාධ්‍යවේදියකු හා මාධ්‍ය ආයතනයක් වන ‘දිවයින’ කළ එම මෙහෙවර මගින් ස්වභාවිකව වැළලී යෑමට ඉඩතිබූ සිද්ධියක අගමුල හෙළිවුණේ යැයි ද එහිදී පෙන්වා දුන් නීතිඥවරයා එම ප‍්‍රවෘත්තිය ප‍්‍රකාශනය කළ මාධ්‍ය අගතියට පත් කිරීම සුදුසු ක‍්‍රියාවක් නොවන බව ද පෙන්වා දුන්නේය.

 ‘දිවයින’ පුවත්පත ප‍්‍රවෘත්තිය පළකරනු ලැබුවේ පසුගිය මැයි 23 වැනි දින නමුත් සැකකාර වෛiවරයාට එරෙහිව කුරුණෑගල පොලිසිය විසින් අධිකරණයට එයට පෙර දින ඒ සම්බන්ධයෙන් කරුණු වාර්තා කර නියෝගයක් ලබා ගෙන තිබූ බව ද නීතිඥ ගයාන් පෙරේරා මහතා එහිදී පෙන්වා දුන්නේය.

 අයිඑස්අයිඑස් සංවිධානය සමඟ සබඳතා පවත්වත ජාතික තව්හිද් ජමාත් සංවිධානයේ නායකයා සමග සැකකාර මොහොමඞ් සහබ්දීන් සබඳතා පවත්වන බවටත් විදේශීය රටවලින් ඔහුගේ ගිණුම්වලට මුදල් ලැබෙන බවට හා සිංහල මවුවරුන්ට සිසේරියන් සැත්කම් කිරීමේදී වඳභාවයට පත් කිරීම හා ජාතික තව්හිද් ජමාත් සංවිධානයේ සාමාජිකයකු ලෙස කටයුතු කිරීම යන කරුණු යටතේ වෛiවරයාට එරෙහිව කරුණු ගොනුකර තිබිණි.

වඳ සැත්කම් චෝදනා එල්ල වූ ෂාෆි රිමාන්ඞ්… පැලෝපීය නාළ පරීක්‍ෂාවට නිවැරදි ක‍්‍රමය ගැන වෛද්‍ය පීඨ මහාචාර්ය කමිටුවක් මගින් නිර්දේශ දෙන්න..කුරුණෑගල මහෙස්ත‍්‍රාත් නියෝග කරයි

July 12th, 2019

ඒ. ජේ. ඒ. අබේනායක සහ ඩබ්ලිව්. බණ්ඩාර කුරුණෑගල සිට ඡුායාරූප – සුජතා ජයරත්න උපුටා ගැන්ම දිවයින

saapi555


කුරුණෑගල රෝහලේදී සිසේරියන් සැත්කම් කිරීමේදී මවුවරුන් වඳභාවයට තැත් කිරීම ඇතුළු චෝදනා එල්ල වූ වෛi මොහොමඞ් ෂාෆි ලබන 25 දා දක්වා රක්‍ෂිත බන්ධනාගාරගත කිරීමට කුරුණෑගල මහෙස්ත‍්‍රාත් සම්පත් හේවාවසම් මහතා ඊයේ (11 දා* නියෝග කළේය. 

එම සැකකරුට එරෙහිව එල්ලවී ඇති චෝදනා සහ එකී චෝදනාවල බරපතළකම මෙන්ම ඇතිවිය හැකි මහජන කැළඹිලි කෙරෙහි අවධානය යොමු කළ තම අධිකරණය විත්තිය කළ ඇප ඉල්ලීම ප‍්‍රතික්‍ෂේප කරමින් සැකකරු රක්‍ෂිත බන්ධනාගාරගත කිරීමට නියෝග කරන බව විනිසුරුවරයා පෙන්වා දුන්නේය.

මෙම සැකකරුට අයත් සියලූ දේපළ සම්බන්ධයෙන් රජයේ තක්සේරුකරු මගින් තක්සේරු වාර්තාවක් කැඳවීමට ද අධිකරණය එහිදී නියෝග කළේය.

එමෙන්ම විමර්ශන සිදුකරන අපරාධ පරීක්‍ෂණ දෙපාර්තමේන්තුව විසින් කුරුණෑගල කොට්ඨාස භාර පොලිස් අධිකාරිවරයාගෙන් ලබාගත් ප‍්‍රකාශයේ සම්පූර්ණ පිටපතක් අධිකරණයට ඉදිරිපත් කරන ලෙසට ද මහෙස්ත‍්‍රාත්වරයා එහිදී අපරාධ පරීක්‍ෂණ දෙපාර්තමේන්තුවට නියෝග කළේය.

වෛද්‍ ෂාෆි මහතා විසින් කළ සිසේරියන් සැත්කම්වලදී මවුවරුන්ගේ පැලෝපීය නාළයන්ට හානි සිදුවී ඇති දැයි අනාවරණය කර ගැනීම සඳහා සිදු කිරීමට නියමිතව තිබූ එච්. එෆ්. ජී. පරීක්‍ෂණය තාවකාලිකව තවදුරටත් අත්හිටුවීමට ද එහිදී නියෝග කළ මහෙස්ත‍්‍රාත්වරයා එකී පරීක්‍ෂණ සිදු කළ යුතු නිවැරදි ක‍්‍රමවේදය කුමක්දැයි කොළඹ විශ්වවිiාලයේ වෛi පීඨයේ මහාචාර්යවරුන් 05 දෙනකුගෙන් සමන්විත කමිටුවක් මගින් අවශ්‍ය නිර්දේශ ලබා දෙන ලෙසට ද වෛi පීඨාධිපතිවරයාට නියෝග කළේය.

සැකකාර වෛi ෂාෆි විමර්ශන නිලධාරීන් විසින් ඊයේ (11 දා* අධිකරණයට ඉදිරිපත් කළ අතර ඔහුගේ රැුඳවුම් නියෝග ආරක්‍ෂක අමාත්‍යවරයා විසින් පෙරේදා (10 දා* ඉවත් කළ බැවින් ඔහු අධිකරණයට ඉදිරිපත් කරන බව විමර්ශන නිලධාරීහු පෙන්වා දුන්හ.

NCM against Bathiudeen – If Muslim ministers sworn in

July 12th, 2019

Sandun A Jayasekera Courtesy The Daily Mirror

UPFA MP Dilan Perera said yesterday if the Muslim ministers, state ministers and the deputy minister, who resigned from their posts in support of MP Rishad Bathiudeen were sworn in again, the joint opposition would move a no-confidence motion against Mr. Bathiudeen.

He said he was aware of the remarks made by former deputy minister Ameer Ali in Parliament on Thursday soon after the government defeated the NCM that Muslim ministers were ready to accept their posts and charged that Prime Minister Ranil Wickremesinghe had split the Muslim community right in the middle after persuading them to resign instead of only Mr. Bathiudeen.

The MP charged that the JVP introduced the NCM to avoid the NCM against him and the government defeated it after promising bribes to the TNA and the CWC.

He told a media conference that neither the SLPP nor the SLFP would win the presidential if they they field two candidates and campaign separately.

The arithmetic is simple. At the February 2018 local government polls, the SLPP secured five million votes and the SLFP 1.5 million while the winning candidate at the presidential poll needs to secure a minimum of 6.5 million votes. Therefore, a joint opposition candidate obtaining 6.5 million votes with a SLPP-SLFP led campaign is not a difficult task. Mahinda knows this, Gota knows this and the President knows this. Therefore, unity between the SLFP/UPFA and the SLPP is extremely vital to win the presidential elections,” the MP said.

He said a few in the SLFP, who are suffering from ‘Political Hydrophobia’ were unable to see this truth and say the SLFP could contest the presidential poll separately.

“The alliance to face the UNP is like a plate of rice. Rice is the SLPP and vegetables and fish are like the SLFP. Both need to partake in the plate of rice. A single party cannot do that. The dark horse in Anuradhapura and fair skinned horse in Kurunegala must accept this fact,” the MP said.

He said defeating the NCM was not a victory for the government because the UNP led government has disintegrated as never before.

Commenting on the SOFA, the MP said SOFA to be signed shortly is much different from the one signed during President Chandrika Kumaratunga’s rule. Though the agreement has been reduced to five pages from seven pages as the Prime Minister says, the most dangerous conditions are found in the addendum that runs to 52 pages. (

India monitoring SL protests against SOFA

July 12th, 2019

Courtesy The Daily Mirror

India is keeping a close watch as protests grow in Sri Lanka over the proposed Status of Forces Agreement (SOFA) with the US, which could enable the setting up of an American military base in Sri Lanka, the Economic Times reported today.

India is of the view that as a close neighbour, it would respect Colombo’s decision, as the Sri Lankan Prime Minister on Wednesday announced that his country would not sign any pact that violated sovereignty.

Delhi will respect Colombo’s decision on the matter. We are keeping a close watch as this pertains to our neighbourhood that has strategic significance for India,” an informed source who did not wish to be named has told the ET.

President Maithripala Sirisena also said over the weekend that he would not allow signing of any agreement which would not be in Sri Lanka’s interests.

The Lankan Government came under fire from the opposition over the SOFA, which would give the US forces unrestricted access to Sri Lankan facilities as well as diplomatic immunity.

“We have not signed a new agreement, but we have been discussing a draft. We will not sign anything to harm our independence and sovereignty,” Mr. Wickremesinghe told parliament on Wednesday, in response to an opposition query.

He said the Lankan ports would not be allowed to be used by any foreign force. “There was an exchange of letters between the then President JR Jayewardene and former Indian PM Rajiv Gandhi. It was stated that Trincomalee or any other ports in Sri Lanka will not be available for military use by any country,” he said.

Attorney-General Dappula Livera not appearing on behalf of former Defence Secretary Hemasiri Fernando and IGP Pujith Jayasundara

July 12th, 2019

Courtesy Adaderana

The Supreme Court postponed the hearing of the Fundamental Rights petitions filed against former Defence Secretary Hemasiri Fernanado and IGP Pujith Jayasundara until July 25.

A seven-judge bench of the Supreme Court today commenced hearing the petitions filed by 12 parties against the IGP and former Defence Secretary, claiming that they had violated fundamental rights by failing to prevent the Easter Sunday attacks.

Attorney-General Dappula Livera informed the court that he is not appearing on behalf of former Defence Secretary Hemasiri Fernando and IGP Pujith Jayasundara, who have been named as respondents in the petitions.

The AG stated that he is only representing the Attorney General and DIG (Special Range) B. Dissanayake, who also named as respondents.

The Attorney General stated that he received the objections of certain respondents in the case yesterday morning.

He pointed out that the main respite requested by most of the petitions is to issue an order to commence investigations under criminal charges against the former Defence Secretary and the IGP for failure to prevent the terror attacks.

After considering the facts presented before the court, the seven-judge bench chaired by the Chief Justice ordered the respondents to present if any objections with regard to the peititons before July 18.

The court also ordered to file the counter objections, if any, before July 23.

The petitions will be taken up for hearing once again on July 25 and 26.

The judge bench headed by Chief Justice Jayantha Jayasuriya also comprised of Justices Sisira de Abrew, Buwaneka Aluvihare, Priyantha Jayawardena, Prasanna Jayawardena, L.T.B. Dehideniya and Murdu Fernando.

The petitions were filed by 12 parties including the Sri Lanka Bar Association (BASL), a businessman engaged in the tourism sector named Janak Sri Vidanage and Saman Nandana Sirimanne, a father who had lost his son and daughter in the attack on April 21st.

The petitioners accuse that the IGP and the former Defense Secretary of infringing the fundamental rights of the people by failing to prevent the terror attacks on churches and hotels even when intelligence information had forewarned.

Motion to abolish death penalty tabled in Parliament

July 12th, 2019

Courtesy Adaderana

A Private Members’ Motion on abolishing the death penalty was tabled at the Parliament earlier today (12).

The motion was moved by United National Party (UNP) parliamentarian Bandulal Bandarigoda.

Meanwhile, a Party Leaders’ meeting was called at 11.30 am chaired by Speaker Karu Jayasuriya.

Rishad will be taking up Ministry again – Faizal Cassim

July 12th, 2019

Courtesy Adaderana

Muslim ministers who resigned from their ministerial portfolios will be taking up their ministries again, says former State Minister of Health Faizal Cassim.

The parliamentarian mentioned this to the media in Colombo this morning (12).

He said that they resigned from their posts in order to ensure the security of the public and not to create any racial issues.

Cassim says that the party of former Minister Rishad Bathiudeen been informed them that he, too, will be taking up his ministerial post again as his name is mostly cleared.

President too had asked them to re-take their ministerial posts again, when they met with the President at his house, according to the MP.

Central Banks revises Sri Lanka’s growth to 3% from 4%

July 12th, 2019

Courtesy NewsIn.Asia

Colombo, July 12 (Daily FT) – The Central Bank yesterday said it has revised growth down to 3% from 4% earlier in the year, but kept policy rates unchanged on moderate inflation, international rate cuts, and expectations of lending rates declining in the coming weeks, to boost economic expansion.

Central Bank Governor Dr. Indrajit Coomaraswamy on Thursday remained optimistic about Sri Lanka’s growth prospects in 2019, but acknowledged positive sentiment and confidence was still muted among investors as well as the private sector.

Colombo watches a city being born in the ocean

He opined it was realistic to roll back growth projections after the Easter Sunday attacks, but was confident the reduction would not be severe, partly due to robust exports and expenditure by the Government ahead of elections. Private sector credit growth also decelerated to 9.2% by end May, from 15.9% as at end 2018. Following a higher than projected credit expansion in 2018, in absolute terms, private sector credit contracted by Rs. 2.6 billion in May resulting in a cumulative decline of Rs. 19.6 billion during the first five months of 2019.

As you know, growth was projected to be 4% at the beginning of the year, and after the Easter bombings we have revised it down to about 3%. I’ve seen some projections that have been much gloomier, but I think that is overdone. The 1Q growth was 3.7%, certainly 2Q growth will be disappointing, but 4Q there are very favourable base effects, as in 2018 the 4Q growth was only 1.8%. We are beginning to see faster recovery than anticipated in the tourism sector and elsewhere. I think 3% is realistic.”

He also told reporters that macroeconomic fundamentals remained in good shape” due to moderate inflation, stronger reserves, and international rates taking a dovish turn. Inflation is expected to be in the 4%-6% margin for 2019. But he also said the Monetary Board decided against loosening rates further, partly because it was concerned about fiscal slippage and also because it wanted to see the earlier policy rate reduction filter through markets.

The reason why the Monetary Board decided not to reduce policy rates is to wait and see the full effect of everything that has been done so far. Policy rates were reduced on 31 May and we haven’t really seen the Statutory Reserve Ratio (SRR) reduction and the Rs. 100 billion of Government payments, the effects of the deposit cap that we now hope to see spilling over into lending rates. In the coming weeks we anticipate lending rates coming down quite significantly. The Government is also spending about Rs. 300 million in each electorate under the Gamperaliya program, so there is a lot of money being flushed into the system. We would like to wait and see exactly what the overall impact of this money will be before making another call on policy rates.”

Responding to questions, the Governor expressed hope that the Central Bank would not have to resort to imposing a lending rate cap if market rates remain stubbornly high. Since the rate change the Prime Lending Rate has reduced by about 120 basis points, the Governor said, but the average weighted lending rate has remained unmoved.

To be fair by banks, the deposit cap was placed at the end of April and it would take a bit of time for them to re-price their deposits, and costs will not come down till then. We would anticipate a reduction of up to 200 basis points in lending rates, especially the average weighted lending rates, and will monitor it closely. We don’t want to impose a lending cap because those sort of measures are highly distortionary, but if we are forced to do it, we will. However, we anticipate banks will be cooperative and the impression we get is they also see lending rates come down.”

Following the receipt of the proceeds of the International Sovereign Bonds (ISBs), gross official reserves reached $8.9 billion by end June 2019, which provide an import cover of 5.1 months. The contraction in the trade deficit and the receipt of the proceeds from the ISBs, along with the continuation of the Extended Fund Facility Program with the International Monetary Fund (IMF-EFF), have eased the pressure on the exchange rate, resulting in the Sri Lankan rupee recording a cumulative appreciation of 4.1% against the US dollar thus far in 2019. This appreciation of the rupee has partially corrected its sharp depreciation observed in late 2018, the Central Bank said in its customary Monetary Policy update.

The year-on-year growth of credit extended to the private sector by commercial banks continued to decelerate during the first five months of 2019, while recording an absolute cumulative decline during the period. Following this trend in the growth of credit, the year-on-year growth of broad money (M2b) also decelerated thus far in 2019. Credit to the private sector is expected to gradually pick up in the latter part of 2019, with the expected decline in market lending rates.

A sizable downward adjustment in market lending rates is expected in the near term. Market deposit rates have declined in response to the measures already taken to ease monetary policy and monetary conditions. In particular, the reduction of policy interest rates in May 2019, coupled with sizable liquidity injections through the reduction in the Statutory Reserve Ratio (SRR) and the imposition of maximum interest rates on deposit products in April 2019, have resulted in a notable drop in the Average Weighted Call Money Rate (AWCMR), yields on government securities, new deposit rates as well as the Average Weighted Prime Lending Rate (AWPR), the report added.

However, the transmission of recent easing of monetary conditions to market lending rates, including AWPR, is not yet complete. It is expected that the ongoing downward adjustment in market lending rates would expedite in the immediate future, thus supporting the revival of demand for credit by the private sector and the recovery in economic activity.

Blasts bring Lankan Buddhist monks to political center stage

July 12th, 2019

By P.K.Balachandran/Daily Express

The simultaneous bombing of four posh hotels and three churches in Sri Lanka by a bunch of Islamic radicals on April 21 Easter Sunday, was clearly not aimed at the island’s majority Sinhalese Buddhist community as the targets indicate.

And yet, a noticeable consequence of the terrorist act is the revival of a Sinhalese-Buddhist nationalistic movement, with Buddhist monks spearheading it.

Blasts bring Lankan Buddhist monks to political center stage

When the bombings took place, the immediate reaction of the population was to ensure that innocent Muslims were not attacked in retribution. But it did not take long for Lanka’s hardboiled politicos to sense the electoral advantages of whipping up communal sentiments, given the fact that the Presidential election was due at the end of the year.

Therefore, in May, there were anti-Muslim riots in the North Western Province obviously instigated by opposition politicians. There were calls for the boycott of Muslim businesses, and for investigations into the alleged nexus between Muslim politicos and the terrorists. The Sinhala-Buddhist agitators were seeking the scalp of cabinet Minister Rishad Bathiudeen and Provincial Governors Azath Salley and M.L.A.M. Hizbullah.

There was a shrill cry for a probe into the charge that Dr.Shafi Shihabdeen, a Muslim gynecologist at the Kurunegala Teaching Hospital, had sterilized 8,000 Sinhalese Buddhist women without their permission in a clandestine bid to reduce the proportion of Sinhalese Buddhists vis-à-vis Muslims in the Lankan population.

Politicians were brazenly vying with each other to exploit  communal sentiments to serve their partisan interests using Buddhist monks for this purpose.

President Maithripala Sirisena took the unprecedented step of pardoning and releasing the firebrand anti-Muslim Buddhist monk and General Secretary of the Bodu Bala Sena (BBS), Ven.Gnanasara Thera, who was serving a term for contempt of court.

It is  believed that Sirisena was planning to use the monk to get Sinhala-Buddhist support for his re-election as President. He needed a Sinhala-Buddhist rabble rouser like Gnanasara Thera to counter the appeal of the Rajapaksas who were planning to field Gotabaya Rajapaksa in the Presidential contest.

Gnanasara Thera was needed also to counter Rathana Thera, a monk MP of the United  National Party (UNP) headed by Prime Minister Ranil Wickremesinghe, from whom Sirisena is estranged.

Rathana Thera  took up the cause of the 900 Sinhalese women who had complained against gynecologist Dr.Shafi Shihabdeen and sat on a fast unto death” in Kandy to force Minister Bathiudeen and Governors Salley and Hizbullah to resign owning responsibility for the terror attack.

But in a dramatic move, all Muslim Ministers, and the two Governors, resigned. The sacrificial act widened the communal divide and showed the Sinhala-Buddhists in a bad light. To repair the damage and win over the Muslims , President Sirisena re-appointed two Muslim Ministers, Kabir Hashim and M.H.A.Haleem.

Gnanasara Thera blamed Rathana Thero’s unilaterally planned ‘fast unto death’ for the mess and then launched his own campaign to garner Sinhala-Buddhist  support but without alienating the Muslims.

Sinhalese Parliament

Gnanasara Thera held a mass rally in Kandy, the center of Sinhala-Buddhist nationalism in Sri Lanka, in which he demanded the replacement of the present parliament by a Sinhalese parliament”.  If even 7,000 of the 10,000 Buddhist temples in Sri Lanka support a political party formed by him, majority could be secured in parliament,” he claimed.

Under Sinhala-Buddhist rule, he said, the minorities will enjoy all rights so long as they acknowledge the primacy of Buddhism the Sinhalese-Buddhists.  As regards the Muslims he said that the Sufis should take over the leadership of the Muslim community from the Wahhabis as only the peaceful Sufis can co-exist with other communities in a multi-ethnic and multi-religious Sri Lanka.

When Muslim MPs complained to President Sirisena about Gnanasara Thera’s anti-Muslim tirade, he called up the monk in the presence of the MPs, admonished him and warned that he will not be able to pardon him again.

From Walpola Rahula’s Time

In her paper, Dynamics of Sinhala Buddhist Ethno Nationalism in Post War Sri Lanka, written for the Center for Policy Alternatives (CPA) in 2016, Ayesha Zuhair says that the doctrinal cover and historical rationalization for monks engaging in electoral politics was provided by the scholar monk Walpola Rahula in 1946.”

In his book Bhiksuvage Urumaya (The Heritage of the Bhikku)  Walpola Rahula asserted that monks could engage in politics given their mandate to perform social service”, which, he said, they had done  since the time of the Buddha.”

Rahula went on to say that from King Duttagemunu’s time (161-137 BC), patriotism and the religion of the Sinhalese become inseparably linked… and assumed such overpowering proportions that both bhikkhus and laymen considered that even killing people in order to liberate the religion and the country was not a heinous crime.”

In 1956, SWRD Bandaranaike brought together a powerful coalition of the Buddhist clergy, Ayurvedic physicians, school teachers, farmers and workers to capture power and make Sinhala the only official language of Sri Lanka. Monks became so important that an ambitious but disgruntled monk Somarama Thera assassinated Bandaranaike.

Later, the 1972 and 1978 Constitutions gave the foremost place” to Buddhism and added that it will be the duty of the State to protect and foster it. Subsequently, writer Dr.Gunadasa Amarasekera enunciated the ‘Jathika Chinthanaya’ (national consciousness) concept under which all communities in Sri Lanka would live within an over-arching Sinhala-Buddhist culture.

The Jathika Chinthanaya spawned Sinhala-Buddhist nationalist  organizations which had monks as leaders like Sihala Urumaya/ Jathika Hela Urumaya (JHU), Ravana Balaya, and Bodu Bala Sena (BBS).

Of these, the BBS is the most prominent. Its CEO, Dilanthe Withanage told Zuhair: Although Sinhalese are the majority of this country, and although Buddhism is given some recognition in the constitution, this is not happening in practice. We thought we have a duty to protect the Sinhalese and Buddhism, and the BBS was created for this purpose… Sinhalese can be considered as the majority, but with globalization, it is a global minority. If something happens to the Muslims and Tamils all the embassies will raise their voices. But if something happens to the Sinhalese, no one is there to protect.”

Founded in 2012, the BBS founded carried out campaigns against the Burqa and Halalcertification. In 2012 and 2013, there was a spate of attacks directed against Muslims and Christians.

Zuhair reports that a BBS spokesman Mawathagama Pemananda Thera said in a public meeting held in Kandy on 17 March 2013, that the Quran orders Muslims to spit three times on meals offered to non-Muslims, though there is no such statement in the Quran which orders Muslims to do so.

The BBS also accused its critic, Watareka Vjitha Thera of the Jathika Bala Sena (JBS), of working with Rishad Bathiudeen, Minister of Industry and Commerce and leader of the All Ceylon Makkal Congress (ACMC), to illegally settle several displaced Muslims in the Wilpattu National Park. The BBS stormed the inaugural press conference of the JBS on  April 9, 2014 at Nippon Hotel in Colombo and demanded that the organization be disbanded. Here Gnanasara Thera also attempted to disrobe Watareka Vijitha Thero, as confirmed by Police Media Spokesman SSP Ajith Rohana.”

On April 12, 2014,  Gnanasara Thera alleged that the concept of ‘Thaqya’ in the Quran allows Muslims to acquire the wealth of non-Muslims through fraudulent means, whereas the Quran explicitly states otherwise.”

Subsequent to this a BBS mob had raided the Ministry of Industry and Commerce on 23 April 2004 in search of Watareka Vijitha Thera.”

The National Shoora Council noted that with such stringent laws in place, the police in a shocking manner released the offenders at the police station itself without reporting facts to and producing the suspects before the Magistrate.”

According to Zuhair, the spark that set off anti-Muslim riots in Aluthgama in 2014 was Gnanasara’s public exhortation:  If one Marakkalaya (Muslim) lays a hand on a Sinhalese, that will be the end of all of them.”

The Aluthgama riots totally alienated Muslims from the Rajapaksa regime and their en masse protest vote led to Mahinda Rajapaksa’s defeat in the January 8, Presidential election.

(The featured image at the top shows BBS chief, Gnanasara Thera visiting the fasting Rathana Thera at Kandy)

Advantages in making land tradable in Sri Lanka

July 12th, 2019

By P.K.Balachandran/Daily Express

Colombo, July 12: The Ranil Wickremesinghe government is currently on the way to changing the law to give title deeds to peasants cultivating State Lands with permits.

The State Land (Special Provisions) Bill was tabled in parliament on June 28 but is yet to be taken up for discussion because of cases in the Supreme Court challenging it.

Advantages in making land tradable in Sri Lanka

If the law is passed, a title deed will enable the holder to sell the land, which he was not allowed to do under the permit system”. The new system will allow purchase of land. With a title deed, land can be pledged as a collateral for bank loans. Proceeds from a land sale can be used for another economic venture. Persons who can use land to enhance its productivity will now be able to buy land and invest in agriculture. Non-plantation agriculture, which is now starved of investment from the corporate sector, will get such investments.

Making land tradable is a progressive idea provided the masses and opinion makers are taken into confidence and manifest steps are taken to ensure that foreigners and foreign entities are not allowed to buy land outright.

However, in the popular imagination, possession of land, however small it might be, gives a sense of security and prevents people from sliding into abject poverty. Past Lankan regimes, which distributed land to the landless, are praised for this, to this day.

But what is ignored in the high sounding ideological and nationalistic rhetoric is that small holdings have not prevented the rural areas from being the poorest in the country.

42.4% of all holdings are less than 0.4 hectares, and 82% are less than 1 ha. The per capita arable land area is a minuscule 0.15 ha. At any rate, of the total land area of 6.55 million hectares, only about 50% is arable.

82.3% of the land in the island is currently controlled by the State. Much of it is given out to permit holders, though under restrictive conditions. 27% of the peasants are landless.

The smallness of the holdings and lack of investment have debilitated the agricultural sector. Despite that, the agriculture sector employs nearly 33% of the national labor force.

Economists point out that despite expansion of the cultivated area, introduction of improved technology, free extension advice, guaranteed price schemes and government subsidies for such inputs as fertilizer and credit, productivity is low. They point to Japan and Thailand where productivity shot up after land was freed from feudal control.

Over 28.7% of the Lankan labor force is involved in agriculture, and yet, productivity is low, contributing only 8% to the GDP. Among SAARC countries, the contribution of agriculture to the GDP is the lowest in Sri Lanka.

Low productivity arising from uneconomic small holdings is a cause of poverty. The rural sector accounts for about four-fifths of aggregate poverty in Sri Lanka.

Subsistence Mindset

Economists say that the size of the operational holdings determines not only the level of incomes but also the land management practices. Small farmers have a subsistence mindset.” And small farmers are the majority.

Instead of attempting to increase productivity by better application of technology or crop diversification, farmers seem to maximize household income by engaging in non-farm economic activities,” says Dhanawardana Gamage in his paper: Little Space for Maneuvering: Agrarian Structure, Land Tenure Regimes and Agrarian Development in Sri Lanka.”

Income transfers from many different sources such government subsidies, remittances by family member employed abroad, and salaries from employment in the armed forces, enable small farmers to stick to their land and resort to distress sales. But they do not ensure that the extra income is ploughed into agriculture, Gamage points out.

The tenure system, including sharecropping and renting, have their flaws. These have to be rationalized to get the maximum out of the land under the plough. Laws of inheritance have to be changed so that brothers get a share of the land.

Land administration and management are subject to a plethora of laws, 39 of them, in fact. And agricultural matters come under the jurisdiction of several different departments and ministries.

A major drawback has been the absence of robust data. Reliable data will enable realistic planning. The US is to help Sri Lanka streamline land documentation through the Millennium Challenge Corporation fund which totals US$ 480 million.

PHILIP GUNAWARDENE, SWRD, WIMALA WIJEWARDENE, RANIL, RUWAN AND LAKE HOUSE – continued

July 11th, 2019

Mario Perera, Kadawata

I refer to the comment made by Dr. M.D.P.Dissanayake regarding the article titled: PHILIP GUNAWARDENE, SWRD, WIMALA WIJEWARDENE, RANIL, RUWAN AND LAKE HOUSE

Dr.M.D.P.D.writes: Mrs B made a tremendous contribution….she had a great minister…who held more than half of ministerial portfolios….

That ‘tremendous contribution’ was totally negative. She brought the country to total ruin, impoverishing it beyond measure.

Indeed she made the entire nation eat ‘ala, batala, magnocca’ statutorily twice a week. There was no food for the people. Restaurants were empty. No milk even for newborn children. The transport system was in tatters keeping commuters waiting in queues for endless hours often under heavy rainfall. So was the medical system. The required medicines were not available. The same situation prevailed with regard to schools and universities with no books or reference material available.

She introduced abhorrent foreign exchange laws putting people in chains, even tying them with chains to their hospital beds for their slightest violation. Going abroad was the prerogative of the ultra-rich, like her children. For all practical purposes Sri Lanka became an ‘iron curtain’ country, holding in the poor, the impoverished, the dissidents, and the politically oppressed. All this was well brought out in the film ‘SAGARAYAK MEDA’.

She and her party became so detestable that at the 1977 election the SLFP won only 8 seats…so much for Mrs B who the learned Dr. says ‘made a tremendous contribution. Her crash to the ground was so ruthless, that it snuffed out her political life.

Yes Dr.D, the SLFP during her tenure as PM had, as you have rightly mentioned, only two power wielders: Mrs B and her ‘great minister’. Mrs B, as Dr.D unintentionally shows, destroyed democracy. It was she who brought ‘family rule’ to its apex point in the country’s modern history. She tried to impress on the world stage, especially as the leader of the non-aligned movement. The non-aligned conference under her leadership was a display of her personal glory and power, and was also intended to influence the general elections which were round the corner.

But the people, forced to live on empty stomachs with absolutely nothing to hold on to, whatever the domain, made her bite the dust. Her ‘great Minister who held more than half the ministerial portfolios’ lost his seat. Newspapers stated that when his defeat was announced, he was so distraught that he left the scene leaving his wife behind.

Mrs B, for all her ‘tremendous contribution’ never made it to the political stage again. It was a lady tottering with age and morally downcast, on a wheel chair and suffering from dementia, that was made Prime Minster by her daughter.

Dr.D, mentions Catholic action as being responsible for the attempted coup and for SWRD’s death. How Catholic were the military men involved in the coup is anyone’s guess, but does he not know that the murderers of SWRD were Buddharakitha, Somarama and associates? Where does Catholic action come into that picture?

Yes Mrs.B, took over the Catholic schools and nationalized every private sector venture. Present day developments in the field of education and the service sectors do not lead to a glorification of her hasty decisions. She pulled down everything at a moment’s notice, more in a display of personal vanity than political acumen, but nothing of substance arose from that destruction.

Mario Perera,

Kadawata

Open Economy and Foreign inward investments

July 11th, 2019

Dr Sarath Obeysekera 

We have approached the banks to provide financial facilities to develop a Residential high rise under Non BoI category as converting into BOI is not a viable option due to the fact that duty free facilities and other perks are not available for condominium development.

Investors in Europe are willing to send legitimate funds thru a European source .All the banks demand so many documents to prove source funds and names of investors and proof of address  in the country or residence,

All above can be provided ,but they have to go to an Embassy in Sri Lanka ,stand on the queue to get the passports authenticated.

This whole process can take weeks or even months.

If and when they are  allowed to open an account called IIA ( inward investment account)which replaces all other account types which were permitted  earlier to transfer capital or profit back to any country or any other account of their relatives or a company of their choice .

Under new rules  only account holder can receive funds back and he is not allowed to send anywhere else.

Share market is so bad and no investor is willing to buy shares.

The money invested in blue chip companies in shares are quite often transferred out of the country by individuals,hence there is no net returns remaining in the country 

Investors cannot invest in any other Non Boi project,because land ownership is not permitted for foreigners.

Dubai,Malasia and some other countries relax the rules with cateful monitoring of Noney Laudering ,but once the country is confident about source of funds,they allow them to do any local bunissess

Is is high time the government change rules during these difficult times to attract FDI via non Boi investments.

Dr Sarath Obeysekera 

සියළුම අනියම්/ආදේශක සේවකයින් වහා ස්ථීර කරන්න නැතිනම් තවත් දුම්රිය වර්ජනයක් – කඩිනම් සාකච්ඡාවක් ලබා දෙන්න

July 11th, 2019

මාධ්‍ය නිවේදනයයිදුම්රිය වෘත්තීය සමිති සන්ධානය – Railway Trade Unions Alliance

ගරු ප‍්‍රවාහන හා සිවිල් ගුවන් සේවා අමාත්‍ය,
අර්ජුන රණතුංග මැතිතුමා,

සියළුම අනියම්/ආදේශක සේවකයින් වහා ස්ථීර කරන්න නැතිනම් තවත් දුම්රිය වර්ජනයක් – කඩිනම් සාකච්ඡාවක් ලබා දෙන්න

වසර 05 කට අධික කාලයක් දුමිරිය දෙපාර්තමේන්නතුවේ විවිධ අංශ වල සේවය කරන 1500 පමණ වන අනියම්/ආදේශක, තාවකාලික හා කොන්ත‍්‍රාත් සේවකයින් සේවයේ ස්ථීර නොකර, අළුතින් තවත් සේවක පිරිසක් බඳවා ගැනීමට මේ වනවිටත් කටයුතු කරමින් සිටින බව අප සන්ධානයට දැනගැනීමට ලැබී ඇත.

2019.07.06 දින දිනමිණ පුවත්පතේ හා www.Railway.lk වෙබ් අඩවියේ දැන්වීම් පළකරමින් දැනටමත් ඒ සඳහා අයදුම්පත් කැඳවා ඇති අතර, වසර 05 ක් තිස්සේ දුම්රිය සේවාව පවත්වාගෙන යාමට වෙර දරන අනියම්, ආදේශක, තාවකාලික හා කොන්ත‍්‍රත් පදනමින් බඳවාගෙන ඇති සේවකයින්ට ඉන් බරපතල අසාධාරණයක් සිදු වන බව පෙන්වා දෙමු.

රජයේ ප‍්‍රතිපත්ති අනුව රාජ්‍ය සේවයට බඳවාගැනීමේ අවම අධ්‍යාපන සුදුසුකම සම්මාන සමාර්ථ දෙකක් සහිතව අ.පො.ස. (සා/පෙ) විෂයන් හයකින් සමත් වීම වුවත්, 2014 වර්ෂයේ මෙම සේවකයින් බඳවා ගැනීමේදී, අධ්‍යාපන සුදුසුකම් නොසලකා බඳවාගෙන ඇති බවද පෙන්වා දෙමු. වසර 05 කට පසු නියමිත අධ්‍යාපන සුදුසුකම් නොමැති බවත්, රාජ්‍ය සේවයට බඳවාගැනීමේ උපරිම වයස් සීමාව ඉක්මවා ගොස් ඇතැයි කියමින් දැනට සේවය කාරන අනියම්, ආදේශක සේවකයින් 750 කට අධික පිරිසක් සේවයේ ස්ථීර නොකර, ප‍්‍රවාහන අමාත්‍යාංශය විසින් සකස් කරන ලද නාම ලේඛනයට අනුව, දේශපාලන හිතවත්කම් මත නවක සේවකයින් පිරිසක් බඳවාගැනීමට දරන උත්සාහය තරයේ හෙලා දකින බවද ප‍්‍රකාශකර සිටිමු. මෙම කි‍්‍රයාව සාධාරණීකරනය සඳහා නවක බඳවාගැනීම් වලදී 10% ක ප‍්‍රමාණයක් දුම්රිය සේවක දරුවන්ටද ලබාදෙන බවට ඔබතුමා කරන ප‍්‍රකාශ පිළිගත නොහැකි බවත්, සේවයේ ස්ථීර නොමැති සේවකයින් 1500 ක් සිටියදී, මීට පෙර සිදුකළ ආකාරයට ම දේශපාලන හිතවතුන් බඳවා ගැනීමට කටයුතු කිරීම කිසිසේත්ම නොකළයුතු දෙයක් බවද පෙන්වා දෙමු.

දුම්රිය දෙපාර්තමේන්තුවේ දැනට සේවය කරන ආදේශක, අනියම්, තාවකාලික හා කොන්ත‍්‍රාත් පදනමින් බඳවාගෙන ඇති සියළු සේවකයින් සේවයේ ස්ථීර කිිරීමෙන් පසු පවතින පුරප්පාඩු අනුව තවත් සේවකයින් බඳවාගන්නේ නම්, ඊට විරුද්ධ නොවන බව ඉතා පැහැදිලිව ප‍්‍රකාශ කරන අතර, එසේ නොකර තවත් වතාවක් දුම්රිය දෙපාර්තමේන්තුවට දේශපාලන පත්වීම් ලබාදීමට කටයුතු කළහොත් එය තවත් දුම්රිය වැඩ වර්ජනයකට අත වැනීමක් බවද අවධාරණයෙන් පෙන්වා දෙමු. එබැවින් මේ සම්බන්ධයෙන් සාකච්ඡා කිරීම සඳහා කඩිනම් සාකච්ඡාවක් ලබා දෙන මෙන් කාරුණිකව ඉල්ලා සිටිමු.

ස්තූතියි.

මෙයට,
එස්.පී.විතානගේ
සම කැඳවුම්කරු


Ruling and Opposition members should be transparent and truthful

July 11th, 2019

Dr Sarath Obeysekera

We need to take a  clue from Putin ,Theresa May,Trump and Modi .If they propose to change certain international agreements whether political or trade wise,they open the provisions to parliament,press and the public .It is essential that elected leaders or parties should create a dialogue between public and government.

During the No Confidence Motion debate Speakers elaborated the need to open up the main agreements and attachments to be signed with US .

We hear about trade agreements with Singapore ,Japan India .We may  soon sign free trade agreement with Tajikistan.,Sichelles,Philippine etc wherever President and Prime Ministers .

Rulers should publish cabinet papers and subject to a discussion with attachments before approving them.

Then public and opposition can object or propose amendments.

Obviously in Sri Lanka public and opposition tend to oppose to any progressive or non progressive proposals .Nevertheless government can take serious comments on board.

Various TV stations and news papers are quite partisans ,hence correct picture is never presented to public.

I am just watching one of the TV station where commentator making mocking statement and talks about the cartoons and critisizing the  rulers.

Are we all comedians to listen to the commentators.?

This is why I suggested earlier ( which was never published) that Sri Lanka should appoint a Comedian as the head of the government  like in Ukraine 

Dr Sarath Obeysekera

Gurukanda Raja Maha Viharaya , Mullativu

July 11th, 2019

Ranjith Soysa

The Director General of Archaeology confirmed in Mullativu Magistrate courts before the Magistrate S L. Kumar that Guru Kanda Viharaya in Nayaru on the basis of historical and archaeological evidence dates back to 2000 years, He further emphasized that the building of a new Hindu kovil inside the historical site was illegal. The court hearing was on 12 Feb 2019 consequent on a dispute arising from a protest staged and led by former TNA politician T.Raviharan  on 14th January 2019 on the Thai Pongal Day.

The protestors continued to vandalize the site by attempting to put up a building and lighting fires etc in the archaeologically accepted site in the breach of rules covering the protection of such a site.

If the viharaya site is 2000 years old it has to be assumed that there could not have been another building in this place. It is also possible to explore and investigate more scientifically the area and confirm the rightful ownership of the land without allowing for the unlawful elements to decide the fate of the site while paving way for violence.

We request the law enforcing authorities and the Director Archaeological to step in settle this is issue in a more amicable and a peaceful manner.

Ranjith Soysa

ENDLESS TALES OF TORTURE IN INDIAN SOCIETY

July 11th, 2019

ALI SUKHANVER

Hatred on the basis of caste and creed or race and religion is considered the most heinous social crime in all civilized societies. Presence of hatred on all such basis proves moral bankruptcy and ethical barrenness of a society. ‘The Hindu’ has recently reported from Madhya Pradesh, India that the family members of a 21-year-old tribal woman assaulted her with sticks for allegedly eloping with a Dalit man. The woman was a resident of Gatbori village, about 90 km from Dhar in Madhya Pradesh. According to the paper, the family members were unhappy over her affair with the man with whom she had eloped recently but later returned home. On her return she was forced to marry a man of her own caste but she refused. Someone present there on the scene made a video of the incident which later gone viral on social media. Four accused have yet been arrested while the other three are still on the run. For the Dalits living in the Indian society, facing such brutalities is simply a routine matter; they know that they cannot change their caste and they know that the upper-caste Hindus would never accept them as human beings.

Every day, the papers are replete with the news of maltreatment with the low-caste Hindus, commonly known as the Dalits or the ‘Untouchables’. Not only in Madhya Pradesh but everywhere in India, the Dalits have to face the same insult, disrespect and rudeness. Last year in June, the BBC reported that three Dalit boys were stripped, beaten and paraded naked by villagers in the western state of Maharashtra for swimming in a well that belonged to an upper-caste family. In that incident too, the video of the ‘activity’ was posted online which showed the Dalit boys covering themselves with leaves as a man hits them with a stick and a belt. In another incident of the same kind in the western state of Gujarat a 13-year-old Dalit boy Mahesh Rathod was brutally beaten for wearing a pair of leather shoes ‘mojris.’ This type of shoes is traditionally worn by upper-caste Hindus in some parts of India. The details of this brutality with the innocent boy are more heart-rending. According to the local media, the boy was approached by a group of men who asked him which caste he belonged to. When he said he was a Dalit, they started abusing and beating him for posing as an upper-caste member by wearing jeans, mojris and a gold chain. Unfortunately this maltreatment is not limited only to the Dalits; the extremist Hindus treat all minorities including the Muslims and the Christians and the Sikhs in the same way; the Muslims are no doubt the worst victim to this maltreatment.

On 8th of this July, in Madhya Pradesh’s Khandwa district more than hundred local Hindu villagers made twenty-five Muslim men hostage and tied them to a rope for transporting cows to Maharashtra. The helpless cattle transporters were forced to chant ‘gau mata ki jai’ while doing sit-ups and holding their ears. Same situation had to face a Muslim trader Shaukat Ali just a few days before the recent elections. The BBC’s Rajini Vaidyanathan said in a report on the sorry-plight of Shaukat Ali, With an increase in hate crimes against Muslims in India in recent years, some fear the world’s largest democracy is becoming dangerously intolerant under the Hindu nationalist Bharatiya Janata Party.” According to the details provided by the media Shaukat Ali, a Muslim trader in the north-eastern state of Assam, was returning from his work when a mob of extremist Hindus detained him on the way. The mob forced him to kneel down in a pool of mud and started beating him. Someone among the attackers shouted on him, Why do you sell beef here?” Another yelled, Are you Bangladeshi?” Shaukat Ali told the BBC reporter showing him the injuries to his rib cage and his head, They beat me with a stick and they kicked me in the face.” He further said, I wasn’t just injured physically – I was stripped of my dignity. The mob compelled me, a devout Muslim, to eat pork, forced me to chew it and then gulp it down.” This type of maltreatment is not limited only to beef-sellers like Shaukat Ali; this is the fate of all Muslims whose population in India is more than 172 million. A report from Human Rights Watch published in February 2019 said that between May 2015 and December 2018, at least 44 people belonging to minorities were killed across 12 Indian states; around 36 of them were the Muslims. As far as the Muslims in India are concerned, they expect more brutality, more hostility and more cruelty at the hands of Hindu extremists under BJP government as the government is headed by Mr. Narendra Modi whose own hands are  blood stained in Gujarat anti-Muslims riots. He is the same person who was declared as a terrorist by International media just a few years back and was not allowed to enter many Western states over his gross misconducts. In presence of such a ‘hostile’ leader like Mr. Modi, how could things go smooth for the minorities particularly for the Muslims in India?

Muslim MPs decide to take up ministerial posts again

July 11th, 2019

Courtesy Adaderana

All Muslim parliamentarians who resigned from their ministerial portfolios have decided to accept their previous positions once again, MP Amir Ali said.

At a press conference on June 03, all Muslim cabinet, non-cabinet, state, and deputy ministers announced that they would resign from their portfolios.

The MPs said their resignations would allow investigators to probe the claims without interference.

However, the four ministers and five junior ministers only resigned from their portfolios, not from the government or their respective parties.

The Mahanayake Theros of Tri-Nikayas had later requested the Muslim MPs to re-accept their ministerial posts.

On June 19, two UNP Parliamentarians from the group, Kabir Hashim and Abdul Haleem, were sworn into the ministerial positions held by them before tendering their resignations.

Hashim was reappointed as the Minister of Highways & Road Development and Petroleum Resources Development while Haleem was sworn in again as the Minister of Postal Services & Muslim Religious Affairs.

රිෂාඩ්ට ඇති චෝදනා ගැන පරීක්ෂණයක් කරන්නැයි ඒකාබද්ධයෙන් අල්ලස් කොමිසමට පැමිණිල්ලක්

July 11th, 2019

නාලක සංජීව දහනායක උපුටාගැණීම ලංකාදීප

සතොස ආයතනයට රුපියල් මිලියන 5000ක පාඩුවක් සිදුකර ඇති බවට හිටපු ඇමති රිෂාඞ් බදියුදීන් මහතාට එල්ලවීඇති චෝදනා සම්බන්ධයෙන් විධිමත් පරීක්‍ෂණයක් පවත්වන මෙන් ඉල්ලමින් ඒකාබද්ධ විපක්‍ෂයේ පාර්ලිමේන්තු මන්ත‍්‍රීවරුන් අද (11) අල්ලස් හෝ දූෂණ කොමිසන් සභාවට පැමිණිල්ලක් ඉදිරිපත් කළහ.

යහපාලන රජයේ අමාත්‍යවරුන්ගේ වංචා හා දූෂණ හෙළි කිරීමට ඒකාබද්ධ විපක්‍ෂය විසින් ක‍්‍රියාත්මක කරනු ලබන ටොප් -20 වැඩසටහන යටතේ දොළොස්වැනි පැමිණිල්ල ලෙස හම්බන්තොට දිස්ත‍්‍රික් පාර්ලිමේන්තු මන්ත‍්‍රී ඞී.වී චානක මහතා විසින් මෙම පැමිණිල්ල සිදුකළහ.

හිටපු අමාත්‍යවරයාගේ පෞද්ගලික ව්‍යාපාර වලට සම්බන්ධ පුද්ගලයන් 52 සතොස ආයතනයට බඳවාගෙන ඔවුන්ට එම ආයතනය මගින් ඔවුන්ට වැටුප් ගෙවා රුපියල් ලක්‍ෂ සියයක පමණ පාඩුවක් සිදුකිරීම, හිතවතකුගේ නමින් රූපවාහිනී නාලිකාවක් පවත්වාගෙන යමින් එම නාලිකාවට මසකට සතොස ආයතනය මගින් රුපියල් ලක්‍ෂ 15 බැගින් ගෙවා සතොසට රුපියල් ලක්‍ෂයක පමණ පාඩුවක් සිදුකිරීම පිළිබඳව මන්ත‍්‍රීවරයාට එරෙහිව චෝදනා නගා ඇත.

එමෙන්ම සතොස ආයතනයේ ගබඩාවක සහල් මෙට්‍රික්ටොන් 80000 ක් පමණ තිබියදී එම ආයතනයටම අමතරව සහල් මෙට්‍රික්ටොන් ලක්‍ෂයක් පමණ ආනයනය කිරීමෙන් සතොස ආයතනයට රුපියල් බිලියන දෙකහමාරකට අධික පාඩුවක් සිදුකිරීම පිළිබඳව චෝදනා එල්ල කර තිබේ.

එමෙන්ම  එම සහල් තොගය නිෂ්කාෂණය හා ප‍්‍රවාහනය කිරීම සඳහා කිසිඳු ඇපකරයකින් තොරව අමාත්‍යවරයාගේ හිතවතකුවන ලිවර්පූල් නැවිගේෂන් නැමැති ආයතනයේ සභාපතිවරයා වූ වින්සේද්‍ර රාජන් නැමැත්තාට සතොස මගින් රුපියල් මිලියන 1224ක් අත්තිකාරම් මුදල් ලෙස ගෙවා ඇති අතර එසේ ගෙවන ලද මුදලින් රුපියල් මිලියන 267ක මුදලක් මේ දක්වා සතොස ආයතනයට නොගෙවීම සම්බන්ධයෙන් කිසිදු ක‍්‍රියාමාර්ගයක් නොගැනීම සම්බන්ධයෙන් රිෂාඞ් බදියුදීන් මන්ත‍්‍රීවරයාට එරෙහිව මෙම පැමිණිල්ල මගින් චෝදනා නගා තිබේ.

Pact trap – II

July 11th, 2019

Editorial Courtesy The Island

The Prime Minister’s Office has taken the Ceylon Chamber of Commerce to task over the latter’s comments on the Status of Forces Agreement (SOFA). Prime Minister Ranil Wickremesinghe has declared, in Parliament, that the government will never enter into agreements that are detrimental to Sri Lanka’s interests. He has torn into those who erroneously claim that the SOFA was signed a couple of years ago. It has not been inked. In fact, the government has baulked at signing it due to protests.

All agreements disadvantageous or harmful to this country, save one or two, have already been signed, and they are now faits accomplis. The government invited trouble by making the colossal blunder of leasing the Hambantota Port to the Chinese amidst protests. Other world powers hostile to China were prompted to demand their share of the Sri Lankan cake, as it were. Two of US allies—India and Japan—have entered into an agreement to develop the East Container Terminal of the Colombo Port. India is said to be eyeing the Mattala Airport.

The US, for its part, is all out to carve out an economic corridor with the help of the Millennium Challenge Corporation (MCC) agreement. One of the main criticisms of the MCC compact is that it is aimed at facilitating the sale of land to foreigners. Parcels of land distributed among the poor who are engaged in subsistence agriculture will be sold to multinationals backed by foreign powers, and plans are underway to prepare the grounds for such deals through amendments to the existing land laws, according to the Opposition. The poor can easily be enticed into disposing of their freehold land as they are fed up with agriculture, which has ceased to be rewarding.

The Acquisition and Cross-Servicing Agreement (ACSA), heavily loaded in favour of the US, was signed in 2017. It allows the US to use ports, airports, etc. here for military purposes. It is said to be reciprocal but how can Sri Lanka use such facilities in the US? It was with the greatest difficulty that the Sri Lankan naval vessels reached LTTE ships on the high seas to sink them during the war. The US ports and airports are of no use to the security forces of this country.

The UNP never misses an opportunity to rake President Maithripla Sirisena over the coals. But, strangely, it does not blame him for the ACSA, which he got approved by the Cabinet. The President is known to think only after leaping, and his loyalists insist that he was hoodwinked into intervening to get that agreement approved. Either this claim is true or the UNP does not want to dissociate itself from the pact lest it should antagonise the US.

The Sri Lanka Singapore Free Trade Agreement (SLSFTA), which is highly disadvantageous to this country, has been signed, and the UNF government, under pressure, is trying to close the stable door after the horse has bolted. Having plunged feet first into signing that agreement, the government has undertaken to discuss some of its provisions which have perturbed Sri Lankan professionals and environmentalists. The government is determined to sign ETCA (Economic and Technological Corporation Agreement) with India though Sri Lankan professionals are against it.

If the government really has no intention of signing the SOFA, will it explain why on earth Minister of External Affairs Tilak Marapana had talks on it in Washington in May? He briefed US officials on difficulties Sri Lanka found in agreeing to some of its provisions including the one that seeks to grant legal immunity to the US forces to be deployed in the host country. If the government has decided to reject the SOFA wholesale why should it discuss parts thereof?

Now that the government has declared that it will not enter into any agreements that are inimical to the sovereignty and territorial integrity of this country, will it give a cast-iron guarantee that the SOFA will never be inked under a UNP-led administration?

The totally inadequate Sixth Amendment Four decades of constitutional folly and failure – 1

July 11th, 2019

By C. A. Chandraprema Courtesy The Island

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Thanks largely to our erstwhile colonial master, who experimented with various forms of self-government before granting us natives full Independence we can claim to be Asia’s oldest democracy. It is a fact that we were the first country in Asia to enjoy universal adult franchise from 1931 onwards even before we gained Independence. Going by that record, we should by now be an example for the whole of Asia to follow at least with regard to constitutions and systems of government. That, however, is what we are not. More than seven decades after gaining Independence, we are an example not just to Asia, but to the entire world as to how not to promulgate Constitutions and design systems of governance. In hindsight, it is now obvious that we should perhaps never have tampered with His Majesty King George the 6th’s Order in Council issued at Buckingham Palace on the 15th day of May, 1946.

Even the first Republican Constitution of 1972, which retained all the main features of the system of government that the British had bequeathed to this country and made only some cosmetic changes to pander to nationalist sentiment, was perhaps a mistake because it opened the door for further changes such as that which took place in 1978. President J. R. Jayewardene is seen by many to be a visionary leader. Maybe he was. The systems he put in place after 1977 have somehow continued to date. The free market policies he introduced have ensured the economic survival of this country through wars and insurrections. Today, his legacy is being called into question mainly due to the 1978 Constitution he introduced. A further complication is that what we have today is not the Constitution that JRJ originally introduced. Indeed, even before JRJ bowed out of the scene the Constitution he introduced in 1978 had been changed in very significant ways.

One may speculate on whether the system of governance would have worked better if the 1978 Constitution had remained in the form that it was first promulgated without the subsequent changes which cumulatively, have now ended up as a constitutional quagmire. The first five Amendments introduced to the 1978 Constitution related mainly to housekeeping matters and even the more controversial of them such as the extension of the term of the 1977 Parliament cannot be said to have led to a constitutional gridlock or a breakdown in governance. The 1978 Constitution was passed on 7 September 1978 and the first Amendment came just a couple of months later on 20 November 1978. The First Amendment was to provide that the jurisdiction conferred on the Court of Appeal with regard to some cases shall be exercised by the Supreme Court and not by the Court of Appeal. The Second Amendment dealt with the procedure regarding the resignation and expulsion of the Members of Parliament.

The Third Amendment was to enable the President to call a Presidential election after the expiration of four years of his first term of office. The Fourth Amendment was to extend the duration of the First Parliament for a further period of six years, and the Fifth Amendment was to make provisions to hold a by-election if the Secretary of the relevant political party fails to nominate a Member for a vacancy in the First Parliament. Some of these Amendments such as the one that extended the term of the 1977 Parliament by six years raised a storm of protest at the time and it can be argued that it led to other political events such as the second JVP insurrection, but constitutionally speaking, it was limited to a particular period and it can be described more as an unacceptable political manoeuvre than a constitutional matter in strict terms. It is from the Sixth Amendment onwards that we can really begin to talk of constitutional misadventures and failures.

The Sixth Amendment was introduced in the wake of the Thinnaveli attack by the LTTE, which took separatist violence to a new level by killing 13 soldiers and sparked off the July 1983 ethnic riots. The objective of the Sixth Amendment was to act as a deterrent to separatism.

Loopholes in the wording

The text of the Sixth Amendment to the Constitution which was passed by Parliament on the 8th August 1983 stated that the independence, sovereignty, unity and territorial integrity of Sri Lanka had been threatened by the activities of certain persons, political parties and other associations and organisations and that it had become necessary to prohibit such activities and provide punishments therefor. Therefore, no person shall directly or indirectly, in or outside Sri Lanka, support, espouse, promote, finance, encourage or advocate the establishment of a separate State within the territory of Sri Lanka. No political party or other association or organization shall have as one of its aims or objects the establishment of a separate State within the territory of Sri Lanka.

The punishment for acting in contravention of these provisions will be civic disability for a period not exceeding seven years, forfeiture of the guilty person’s movable and immovable property other than such property as is determined by a Court to be necessary for the sustenance of such person and his family. If the person concerned is a Member of Parliament or a public officer, he will cease to hold such office. Where any political party or other association or organization has as one of its aims the establishment of a separate State within the territory of Sri Lanka, any person may petition the Supreme Court in that regard. If the SC declares in favour of the petitioners, that political party shall be deemed to be proscribed and any member of such political party, association or organization who is a Member of Parliament shall be deemed to have vacated his seat in Parliament. Any person who holds office or is a member of such a political party after the date of the Supreme Court declaration, may be subject to civic disability for a period not exceeding seven years, and forfeit his movable and immovable property except such property as necessary for the sustenance of such person and his family.

Under the Sixth Amendment, every public officer and elected representative including Members of Parliament was expected to take an oath against separatism. In the case of public officers this oath had to be taken within one month of assuming office. In the case of Members of Parliament and other elected representatives, it had to be taken in order to be entitled to sit and vote in Parliament or the relevant representative body. The following is the oath: “I do solemnly declare and affirm swear that I will uphold and defend ‘the Constitution of the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka and that I will not, directly or indirectly, in or outside Sri Lanka, support, espouse, promote, finance, encourage or advocate the establishment of a separate State within the territory of Sri Lanka.”

As far back as 1963, Jawaharlal Nehru introduced the 16th Amendment to the Constitution of India to curb separatist tendencies in Tamil Nadu. When we compare Nehru’s Sixteenth Amendment with JRJ’s Sixth Amendment, the latter appears flat-footed and amateurish.

The Sri Lankan Sixteenth Amendment appears to have been drafted not by a political mind but by a lawyer who has read the Penal Code once too often. Punishments have been prescribed for supporting, espousing, promoting, financing, encouraging or advocating the establishment of a separate State within the territory of Sri Lanka either directly or indirectly, in or outside Sri Lanka. However, in the three and a half decades and more since the Sixth Amendment was promulgated, there have been plenty of people doing exactly that both within and outside Sri Lanka but nobody has ever heard of anyone who has been penalized under the provisions of the Sixth Amendment. All that it succeeded in doing back in 1983 was to give the TULF Parliamentarians an opportunity to refuse to take an oath against separatism and to drop out of Parliament en masse and to take up residence in India to bring pressure on the Indian government to intervene in Sri Lanka. The Sixth Amendment has not even stopped the advocacy of separatism because separatism or a situation leading to de facto separation can be advocated in so many guises.

In contrast to the failure of the Sixth Amendment in Sri Lanka, the Indian Sixteenth Amendment has been a great success. The wording used in the two amendments is different. In Sri Lanka, the Sixth Amendment sought to prohibit the advocacy of a separate State within the territory of Sri Lanka. This left plenty of room for separatists to argue that what they were advocating is not separatism but the devolution of power or power sharing between the centre and the periphery. Thus, the separatist lobby was given an opportunity to say that even though it looks like a duck and quacks like one, it’s not really a duck. In contrast to this, the Indian Sixteenth Amendment did not seek to ban or prohibit anything. What the Indians sought to do was to obtain an oath from all public servants and elected representatives including Members of Parliament and the Members of State legislatures to the effect that they would uphold the ‘sovereignty and integrity of India’.

The Indian wording is broad enough to encompass anything that may be interpreted by a court of law as being detrimental to the sovereignty and integrity of India. Thus the Indian Courts have the opportunity to say that if it looks like a duck and quacks like a duck then it’s a duck. Furthermore the Indian Sixteenth Amendment does not read like an extension of the Penal Code. There are no punishments laid down for those advocating separatism in India. All that the Sixteenth Amendment did was to amend the rights chapter in the Indian Constitution so that the freedom of speech and expression, the freedom of assembly and the freedom to form associations was made subject to the condition that the sovereignty and integrity of India should not be compromised in the exercise of those freedoms.

India’s self-policing system

Furthermore, all Members of Parliament and Members of State Legislatures were required to take an oath to uphold the sovereignty and integrity of India at the time of handing in nominations to face elections to those bodies and then once again before they sit in the bodies they were elected to. The pre-nomination oath taken before a representative of the Indian Elections Commission goes as follows:

“I, having been nominated as a candidate to fill a seat in the Council of States (or the House of the People) do swear in the name of God/solemnly affirm that I will bear true faith and allegiance to the Constitution of India as by law established and that I will uphold the sovereignty and integrity of India.”.

If the person concerned wins the election, he is required to take the following oath before he sits in the Assembly to which he was elected:

“I, having been elected (or nominated) a member of the Council of States (or the House of the People) do swear in the name of God/solemnly affirm that I will bear true faith and allegiance to the Constitution of India as by law established, that I will uphold the sovereignty and integrity of India and that I will faithfully discharge the duty upon which I am about to enter.”

The purpose in being made to swear an oath to uphold the sovereignty and integrity of India before nomination and after election was to ensure that no candidate at an election could campaign for election on a separatist platform. If someone swears to uphold the sovereignty and integrity of India before he is given nominations and then does the opposite during the campaign, he will be liable to be unseated through an election petition. Thus, those who win elections after resorting to heroics may well end up being deprived of the seat they coveted. Each candidate at an election will be watching the other for the slightest infraction which can be used in an election petition. Thus the system is self-policing. Even Jeyalalitha Jeyaram at the height of her power never dared to use to terms such as ‘self-determination’ in relation to Tamil Nadu.

She sought liberation only for the Tamils of Sri Lanka, never for the Tamils of India. That was Nehru’s genius. President J. R. Jayewardene had the best legal minds in the country at his beck and call, yet our Sixth Amendment was a complete failure. In Sri Lanka, elected representatives are made to swear an oath only before assuming office after an election which means they can fight the election on a separatist platform and then take the oath against separatism before assuming office. As we pointed out earlier, even the wording of the Sixth amendment is such that it leaves plenty of room to advocate separatism without using the term ‘separate state’. Sri Lankan history would have been very different if Sri Lanka had simply copied Nehru’s Sixteenth Amendment word for word and adopted it as our Sixth Amendment.

Opposition Leader accuses govt of trying to rob EPF funds

July 11th, 2019

By Saman Indrajith Courtesy The Island

Opposition Leader Mahinda Rajapaksa yesterday alleged that the government had brought about a draft bill to amend the Finance Act to remove the Central Bank from the purview of the Finance Ministry.

 Addressing a press conference at the Parliamentary complex, the Opposition Leader said that the government was trying to take control of Employees’ Provident Fund (EPF).

The Central Bank had been under the Ministry of Finance as per the provisions of the Finance Act, Rajapaksa said.

 The Secretary to the Ministry of Finance who was also a member of the Monetary Board of the Central Bank managed to implement the state finance policies. According to the provisions envisaged in the draft bill, the Secretary of the Ministry of Finance would be removed from the Monetary Board of the Central Bank.

“The Central Bank is responsible for printing currency notes, deciding the interest rates and managing the reserves. All such tasks of the Central Bank would be handled by a separate group of officials who won’t abide by the Finance Ministry guidelines. That is a dangerous situation.”

 The Opposition Leader noted that if the government needed to amend the Finance Act to suit the needs of the present times, then it should have been done after those proposed changes were thoroughly studied by a committee of experts. “There is no urgency to do so. The government is in a mighty hurry because of its hidden agenda.”

MP Bandula Gunawardena said that the Draft Bill should be studied by a committee appointed by the President, who should make sure that the bill would not proceed further without his approval. Amending the Finance Act was a serious matter and the President should not let the government do it according to its whims and fancies. The government was eyeing the EPF monies, he alleged. “We learn that the government has plans to get the Bill approved by the Cabinet and submitted to the Sectoral Oversight Committee of Finance Ministry on July 18.”

Gunawardena said that the Joint Opposition would seek the support of other parties and organisations to mobilise the people against the proposed draft bill and to defeat the government’s move to grab the EPF funds.

Prosecutors say tests needed before Sri Lanka sterilization case can proceed

July 11th, 2019

Courtesy Reuters.com

KURUNEGALA, Sri Lanka (Reuters) – Sri Lankan prosecutors said on Thursday tests would be needed to establish whether a Muslim doctor had sterilized Buddhist patients, while there was no evidence to support other charges against him of links to terrorist groups or money laundering.

The case of Shegu Shihabdeen Mohamed Shafi has become a focus of national attention in Sri Lanka since he was arrested in May and accused of sterilizing women from the Sinhalese Buddhist majority.

He was arrested two days after a front-page story appeared in a nationalist newspaper alleging that an unidentified doctor had sterilized as many as 4,000 women after performing caesarean deliveries.

Shafi’s supporters have said he is innocent and the charges were whipped up to stoke inter-communal tensions in the wake of bombings of churches and hotels on Easter Sunday that killed more than 250 people, blamed on Islamist militants.

Police and army soldiers were on hand to guard the magistrate’s court in the Buddhist heartland of Kurunegala, two hours northeast of Colombo, on Thursday for his first court appearance since his arrest.

He appeared dressed in a grey suit in a court room packed with dozens of people, including some of the women who say they believe he made them sterile.

All the charges are baseless and fabricated,” Shafi’s lawyer, Anura Bhandara Mattegoda, told the court.

He has so far been held under anti-terrorism laws. The court ordered him remanded in custody until the next hearing on July 25, denying a request for bail.

In addition to the accusations that he sterilized patients, he has been accused of laundering money to buy properties, and having links to a group blamed for the Easter bombings.

However, presenting a 123-page report, Deputy Solicitor General Thusitha Mudhalige said investigators had found no credible evidence for those other charges.

On the sterilization accusations, Mudhalige told the court the case could only proceed if tests were carried out on the women who have accused him, demonstrating there had been a crime.

If they (women) don’t agree (to be tested), we cannot proceed,” he said.

INCENDIARY

The allegations that a Muslim doctor had sterilized Buddhists were incendiary on an island where hardliners within the Buddhist majority have accused Muslims of seeking to use a higher birth rate to spread their influence.

Sri Lanka has a long history of communal violence. A decades-long civil war between the Sinhalese Buddhist majority and mainly Hindu Tamil minority ended in 2009.

Since the Easter bombings, Muslim-owned shops and homes have been looted and vandalized in several parts of the country.

More than 600 women came forward after reading about Shafi’s arrest but only 147 are now claiming to be victims.

The judge has ordered the Faculty of Medicine from Colombo University to set up a five member board to advise the attorney general’s department on how to proceed with medical tests that might establish whether a crime had been committed.

The court also directed the government’s valuation department to assess Shafi’s assets.

Alerted by India, Lankan coast guard intercepts boats carrying drugs from Pak

July 11th, 2019

According to Indian intelligence agencies, this drug business is a major source of income for ISI and they use this in terror funding.

Two boats carrying banned drugs from Pakistani coast city Karachi to Sri Lanka were intercepted by Sri Lankan Coast guards on Wednesday. The operation was successfully executed based on the inputs by Indian security agencies. (Representational Image)

 Two boats carrying banned drugs from Pakistani coast city Karachi to Sri Lanka were intercepted by Sri Lankan Coast guards on Wednesday. The operation was successfully executed based on the inputs by Indian security agencies. (Representational Image)

New Delhi: Two boats carrying banned drugs from Pakistani coast city Karachi to Sri Lanka were intercepted by Sri Lankan Coast guards on Wednesday. The operation was successfully executed based on the inputs by Indian security agencies.

The successful capture comes after the Narcotics Control Bureau (NCB) shared a specific input with information about two boats carrying banned drugs from Karachi to Sri Lanka. The input which was shared with Indian authorities by NCB was consecutively forwarded to concerned Sri Lankan agencies following which a timely intervention by coast guards prevented the illegal trade.

According to Indian intelligence agencies, this drug business is a major source of income for Pakistan ISI and they use this in terror funding. The funds through such trade are also used to fund extremist ideology in Sri Lanka.

Indian security agencies maintain that the sea route is safest for drug business and boats and ships carry these drugs on a regular basis.

Coast Guards of India and Sri Lanka work closely in areas of coastal security and prevention of illegal activities along their maritime boundary.

Another Dengue Outbreak

July 11th, 2019

Courtesy The Government official news portal

After a particularly hot and humid May this year, many Sri Lankans would have eagerly anticipated the south-western monsoon to ease their discomfort. Each year, what Sri Lankans don’t expect however, seems to be the ensuing outbreak of the deadly dengue virus. 2019 doesn’t seem to be any different for a country grappling with yet another outbreak of the disease, with most residents in disease hotspots unaware of the illness.

Consultant Epidemiologist of the National Focal Point, Dr. Hasitha Tissera, said that the number of dengue cases reported for the year 2019 is at a staggering 26,629, while 35 fatalities have been reported this year. 5,413 cases have been reported during the month of June alone. Asked if the data points to an increase in the number of dengue cases being reported, Dr. Tissera said there’s a definite increase in the number of dengue cases reported this year.

Karapitya Teaching Hospital, Colombo National Hospital,National Institute of Infectious Diseases, Lady Ridgeway Hospital for Children and the Colombo
South Teaching Hospital Coping with high numbers of patients

Persons suffering from a fever should consult a medical professional, if fever persists for a second day, Dr. Tissera said. Pregnant mothers and young children however are advised to seek medical treatment on the first day of fever, in order to avoid complications.

Once diagnosed with fever, doctors would identify if there is a need for the patient to be hospitalised. In the meantime, fever patients should avoid taking un-prescribed medication to counter the fever and especially avoid painkillers. The indiscriminate use of medication isn’t advised. If you suspect fever, you must take medication only under the guidance of a doctor. Painkillers, other than paracetamol, cause internal bleeding and act similar to blood thinners,” he said.

Epidemiologist indicates rise in dengue cases, Dengue control unit downplays the severity

Dr. Tissera stressed that being diagnosed with dengue fever is no cause for alarm as it is a treatable condition. However he noted that such a patient’s health should be monitored constantly and therefore should seek treatment at the nearest hospital. Vomiting, severe abdominal pain, feeling faintish are particular warning signs which doctors would be vigilant of, Dr. Tissera said. If a child or a person appears confused and if his or her consciousness appears to be deteriorating, such persons should be presented for treatment immediately.

Meanwhile if you are suffering from some form of bleeding or exaggerated menstrual bleeding, such persons should seek immediate medical advice, as they are also warning signs which we look for,” he said. Under normal circumstances, a person should pass urine every four to five hours. However if the urine passage reduces, that is also a cause for concern,” he warned.

According to Dr. Tissera four high risk districts including Colombo, Gampaha, Galle, and Ratnapura have been identified by the Epidemiology unit. With figures pointing towards a sharp rise in the number of dengue cases in the country, several unsuspected areas such as Kalutara, Kandy, Matara and Jaffna have also fallen victim to the disease. According to experts, with the onset of the monsoon, the risk of dengue exists across the country and transmission through mosquitoes occurs all year-round. Viruses are tiny agents that can infect a variety of living organisms. The dengue virus, similar to other viruses, has a microscopic structure that can only replicate inside a host organism. The dengue virus is transmitted to humans via the bite of an infected mosquito. Only a few mosquito species are vectors or vehicles which carry and transmit the disease to its host organism. Historical data suggest that dengue transmission in Sri Lanka has two peak seasons; October to December and May to July.

Under-utilised wards opened to accommodate influx of patients


Dengue Control Unit denies reports of severe outbreak
Asked of what precautionary measures were taken to curb the epidemic, Dr. Prasheela Samaraweera of the National Dengue Control Unit denied reports of a heavy outbreak this year. Although there’s no major outbreak of dengue cases, the Dengue Control Unit is doing everything we can to improve the situation,” she assured.

However Dr. Samaraweera admitted that there were reports of high incidence of dengue in several districts including Colombo, Gampaha, Kalutara, Galle, Matara, Ratnapura and Kegalle. There’s only a minor increase of dengue cases in these areas. We have deployed search operations in areas where high incidences have been reported. Meanwhile the Medical Offices of Health are carrying out awareness campaigns, inspection of houses in addition to fumigation, in all these areas,” she said.

Asked if there are special preventive campaigns in place to reduce further spread of the disease, Dr. Samaraweera said that the unit has sought the help of volunteer corps to counter 
the malady.

Since we cannot conduct these campaigns with military personnel as we used to, we have recruited volunteers to form health teams to assist us in this process. The volunteers are from organisations such as Red Cross and Sarvodaya and they are deployed to various locations, depending on the severity of the disease in that area,” she elaborated.

If you suspect fever, you must take medication only under the guidance of a doctor

Dr. Hasitha Tissera

Detailing how the severity of disease is identified, Dr. Samaraweera said that the unit relies on data received from every hospital in the island. We receive data from approximately 150 hospitals in the island through a web-based system, according to which we decide on how to deploy these teams,” she said.

According to Dr. Samaraweera, the Karapitya Teaching Hospital, Colombo National Hospital, National Institute of Infectious Diseases, Lady Ridgeway Hospital for Children and the Colombo South Teaching Hospital in Kalubowila are the hospitals burdened with the most number of dengue cases this year. Dr. Samaraweera assured that there were no reports of overcrowding in these hospitals, adding that they are well equipped to manage this situation. There is absolutely no similarity to the situation in 2017. The number of cases reported this year is even lesser than the number of dengue cases reported in 2018.”

Asked if the numbers are expected to rise with the onset of the Southwestern monsoon, Dr. Samaraweera said that it’s unlikely for the disease to spread further. We recently had a meeting with the Director General of Health Services on managing this disease. The Health Services Directors of the high risk areas, Medical Officers as well as epidemiologists were present at this meeting where they discussed the way forward, with detailed guidelines of how to manage this situation. Therefore I think the situation should not deteriorate further,” she opined.

Infectious Disease Hospital understaffed, requires doctors for children’s and medical wards


Numbers declining in the South
The Director of the Karapitiya Teaching Hospital Dr. G. Wijesooriya said that although there was a steady rise in the number of dengue patients admitted to the hospital, medical officers have observed a decline in the number of patients over the past week. Earlier we had about 10 to 12 dengue patients receiving treatment in each ward. However over the past week there has been a decrease in this number. Now we have less than 6 patients in every ward,” he noted.

Dr. Wijesooriya added however that those hospital authorities are taking necessary precautions and are braced to accommodate more patients at the hospital, in the event that there’s a further spread of the virus, due to the inclement weather conditions.


Infectious Diseases Hospital Understaffed
Meanwhile at the National Institute of Infectious Diseases (NIID), there is a steady flow of patients seeking treatment for suspected dengue fever. There’s an obvious rise in the number of dengue patients this year. The month of July however is the month in which we entertain a larger number of dengue patients,” Director of the hospital, Dr. Hasitha Attanayake said. The numbers of patients we have received at the NIID this year isn’t exceptional, but recently we’ve been receiving a lot of dengue patients. The hospital has exceeded its bed capacity due to this influx,” he noted.

Out of the total 237 patients receiving treatment at NIID, 121 patients are receiving treatment for dengue, almost half the total number of patients warded at the hospital. We’ve conducted a preliminary assessment of the hospital’s preparedness. We hope that we would remain resilient in facing this epidemic,” Dr. Attanayake said.

Over 26,000 dengue cases and 35 deaths reported in 2019

The Director added that the hospital is operating with only one fifth of the allocated medical professionals’ cardre. Approval has been granted for 50 doctors, but we’ve only got 40 on board with us at the hospital. We currently have a shortage of 10 doctors,” Dr. Attanayake said adding that the hospital has been coping with difficulty owing to some internal arrangements.

 Asked if the Director has requested health authorities to remedy the situation, he said that a request has been made to the Ministry of Health to rectify the issue urgently. We’re hoping that the intern appointments would be issued early, through which this issue would be solved. We require the services of doctors especially at the children’s wards and medical wards where most medical services are required,” he underscored.

Asked how the hospital is coping with its bed capacity exceeded, Dr. Attanayake said that the hospital has opened an under-utilised ward, to accommodate patients. We can provide beds, but a space issue would arise. That’s not a matter which can be solved easily,” he said. We are not expecting a dengue epidemic as severe as in 2013, although the numbers are certainly high this year, compared to 2018,” Dr. Attanayake added.

Ranil’s leadership and shared goals of foreign powers

July 10th, 2019

S. Akurugoda

As per a news item appeared in The Island dated 9th July 2019, the newly appointed Chief Executive Director of the Millennium Challenge Corporation (MCC,) Sean Cairncross has written to Prime Minister Ranil Wickremesinghe stating that he looks forward to Wickremesinghe’s continued leadership to advance their shared goals.

It is interesting to find out what are the ‘shared goals’ and interests of the two parties involved, especially, those of our local partner, Ranil Wickramasinghe.

The above news item is an indication of the determination of the leader of the UNP to go ahead with whatever he wants, disregarding the expression of concern with regard to the increasing levels of speculation among the society at large on the consequences surrounding the proposed Status of Forces Agreement (SOFA), Acquisition and Cross-Servicing Agreement (ACSA) and the Millennium Challenge Corporation (MCC) Agreements between Sri Lanka and USA.

Articles speaking extensively about the above mentioned agreements were appeared in the printed and electronic media. It is clear that the shared goals of the originator of these agreements, USA, are nothing but plans to splinter Sri Lanka and turn it into a US Military Base.

We remember how Ranil Wickremesinghe signed the “Ceasefire Agreement” (CFA) on February 22, 2002 on behalf of the Government of Sri Lanka and by Velupillai Prabhakaran on behalf of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE). Although the controversial agreement was unconstitutional and illegal, the UNP government leader had blindly given some areas of the North and Eastern Provinces to the LTTE terrorists without the knowledge or the approval of the country.

The UNP leadership also believed that the government would have to give up the area it seized from the LTTE to facilitate the so-called non-existed peace process. The leadership also required the government of Sri Lanka to satisfy the requirements of the so-called international community and the Norwegians, who were openly interfering with the internal affairs of a sovereign nation (Sri Lanka) with sinister motives.

Unless the foolish CFA agreement signed by the UNP leader was abrogated by defeating him at the Presidential election held in 2005 and LTTE was defeated militarily to remove the so-called “LTTE territories”, arranged by the crafty Norwegians, the wishes of the separatist outfit and their international allies would have been made a reality long ago.

One cannot expect from a person who committed a treacherous act to acknowledge it openly. Instead these traitors attempt to justify any of their actions, in line with their political goals, by hanging onto power or to grab power with the support of those who are anti-nationalistic and foreign powers.

The sovereignty status of the country is disappearing fast due the serious political blunders made by Sirisena and Ranil combination, the former joining the latter in 2015 and the latter’s willing to sign any agreement blindly with foreign powers favorable to his existence (as done in the past), merely for selfish reasons.

S. Akurugoda

PHILIP GUNAWARDENE, SWRD, WIMALA WIJEWARDENE, RANIL, RUWAN AND LAKE HOUSE

July 10th, 2019

By M D P DISSANAYAKE

During general elections for 4 Parliament on 19 March 1960, the leader of MEP  Phillip Gunawardene said: ”  If minorities or majorities of Sri Lanka unwilling to commit to our Constitution and Laws, they can leave Ceylon, we will meet the cost of air passage and chop their passports as ” NOT ALLOWED TO RETURN TO SRI LANKA”,

Had Philip won the Election, today Sri Lanka would have been amongst the top nations in Asia as he did provide the ground work for Paddy Lands Act, Peoples Bank   Bus and Port nationalisation, established CWEs. etc. within a short period of time with Mr S W R D Bandanaike.  Philip’s impatience over took him, he left / sacked from government, the enemies of Sri Lanka Buddharakkita Thero, Dicky Soysa, Ossie Corea, Wimala Wijewardene took control of the government after Philip left  1959 and SWRD was assassinated just few months afterwards. Philip protected SWRD whilst in government, but SWRD could not bear the heat of the contractors, Lake House, corrupt buddhist monks and untrustworthy Ministers like Wimala Wijewardene in his government.

During March 1960 elections, Philip attracted massive crowds and there were high hopes that Philip will become first ever true Sinhala Leader.  But MEP secured only 10 seats,  Dr N M Perera’s LSSP also got 10 seats ( who ran on divisive policies for equal rights for Tamils. )

Left parties garnered 932,000 votes winning 27 seats, whereas UNP won 50 seats  with 907,000 votes.   SLFP alone  won 46 seats with 647,000 votes under first past post system.  Noteworthy SLFP Leader was C P de Silva from Minneriya.

LSSP was largely responsible for the current political divisiveness  in Sri Lanka.  They provided unwanted support for minorities.

WIMALA WIJEWARDENE  was a Minister in Bandaranaike government and was arrested as a suspect. But later acquitted. Wimala was a key shareholder of Lake House Group and now Ranil and Ruwan have de-facto management control of the Group as shareholders.

Dayasiri asks PSC to find those who were at Taj on Easter Sunday

July 10th, 2019

By Saman Indrajith Courtesy The Island

SLFP General Secretary Dayasiri Jayasekera, MP, yesterday, requested the Parliamentary Select Committee (PSC) probing the Easter Sunday carnage to investigate and find out the names of foreigners and local politicians who had stayed at Hotel Taj Samudra on April 21 as that would lead them to the persons behind the attack.

Testifying before the PSC, MP Jayasekera said that if the investigators went through the list of guests who stayed at Taj on the Easter Sunday morning, it would be easy for them to get a clear picture of the foreign powers and forces that orchestrated the attacks.

Yesterday’s committee comprised Dr Nalinda Jayatissa, Prof Ashu Marasinghe, Field Marshal Sarath Fonseka, Minister Ravi Karunanayake, Rauff Hakeem, Chairman Ananda Kumarasiri, M.A. Sumanthiran and Dr Jayamapathi Wickremaratne.

MP Jayasekera said that an investigation into the guest list of Hotel Taj could lead the probe in the right direction.

“All 225 MPs are accused of being privy to the warnings of the attacks. That is not so. For example, my security officers did not warn me. Similarly, not all 225 MPs were aware of them.

“This committee should pay attention to why and how only one five-star hotel was spared by the Easter Sunday attackers. It is said to have been spared because there were some powerful foreigners and local politicians there at that time. I think the PSC should investigate this.

Field Marshal Fonseka: You have told the media you also knew those who had prior knowledge of them. Isn’t it?

MP Jayasekera: The attackers blew themselves up at three other five star hotels. We saw, on TV, CCTV footage of the attacks. It also showed a suicide attacker come to Taj, change his mind and leave. Thereafter, he blew himself up at Dehiwala.

Field Marshal Fonseka: So, there are two conclusions. Either bomb did not go off or the attacker had been given instructions not to explode himself there. Is it so?

MP Jayasekera: I am making conclusions. It is you who make conclusions and try to force them on me.

Field Marshal Fonseka: It is that the bomb was not exploded at Hotel Taj because of some persons who lodged there?

MP Jayasekera: All I am asking the PSC to do is to get the list of names of persons who stayed at Taj on that day and the previous night. You could get the names of their room numbers. You can ask for the names of those who had breakfast there on that day.

This is a country which is highly manipulated by the foreign forces. Its agenda is set by some foreign powers. This is the truth. So, I believe that Zahran was controlled by some foreign powers. He and his team had been made use of by a foreign power which dictates the political agenda of this country.

Field Marshal Fonseka: Even a child of this country knows that the attack was carried out by the ISIS. Entire world knows that.

MP Jayasekera: No political leader has said so clearly. You can check Hansard. None of them have said so categorically. They only said ISIS might have carried out the attacks. You may credit this to the ISIS account, but the country is not ready to accept it.

Field Marshal Fonseka: But even the intelligence and security officials stated that the ISIS had carried out the attacks.

MP Jayasekera: If you can prove that, then I may change my mind. I state that there has been no concrete evidence. There have been only inferences and guesses. If the PSC really wants to prevent the recurrence of such attacks again, please do not turn this into a political circus. That would not solve the problem or save the country from terrorists. There is no point of leveling allegations against the President, Ministers and 225 MPs. Find the truth.

Minister Karunanayake: You are referring to foreign powers. If you name them then it would be easy for us. If you know the name of the country and could name it, for example if you think Swaziland is responsible for this then name it.

MP Jayasekera: I cannot hold Swaziland responsible for this attack.

MP Hakeem: Yes there are some doubts about the ISIS connection. There were reports that some persons had been in Syria to be trained by ISIS. And then there are new reports surfacing that ISIS did not know of the attack and it accepted the responsibility several days after the blasts. That, too, after a request from a very powerful politician in Sri Lanka to the ISIS to do so, according to the reports. What have you to say to that?

MP Jayasekera: I am telling the same thing. Now only certain matters are coming out. The attacks were attributed to ISIS and there was an attempt to instigate the Sinhalese against Muslims. I am asking you only to inquire and find out who had been there at Hotel Taj during that weekend so that you could find who had been behind the attacks.

Dr Wickramaratne: So you cannot name the country and have no intention of doing so?

MP Jayasekera: No, I still cannot do that. It is the duty of security and intelligence establishments to do the investigations and find the truth.

Prof Marasinghe: You attended a National Security Council meeting after this attack.

MP Jayasekera: Yes.

Prof Marasinghe: Did you raise those issues there at the NSC meeting.

MP Jayasekera: No.

Minister Karunanayake: Now according to your testimony, you have serious doubts and are you ready to tell us about them.

MP Jayasekera: I have doubts. I am not ready to talk of my doubts. I will have those doubts till I am in a position to clear them. It is up to the security establishments to get at the truth.

Field Marshal Fonseka: You say that a foreign power is there. You state that funds had been pumped and assistance given by a foreign country. Could you name it if you know it?

MP Jayasekera: Follow the money trail. You can find how Zahran and many others in his Thowheed Jamaath received funds for years as per the police investigations. You can easily find it. You can also find from where those funds came whether they were in dollars or they had come from India.

Dayasiri before PSC

July 10th, 2019

Editorial Courtesy The Island

UPFA MP and SLFP General Secretary Dayasiri Jayasekera finally chose to bite the bullet, yesterday; he appeared before the Parliamentary Select Committee (PSC) probing the Easter Sunday attacks. He had previously ignored summons, claiming that the PSC proceedings undermined the judicial process and, therefore, he did not want to participate therein. Is he now convinced that he thought wrong?

President Maithripala Sirisena vehemently opposed the appointment of the Easter Sunday PSC and went so far as to threaten to suspend Cabinet meetings unless it was terminated. He viewed the parliamentary probe as a move to pin the blame for the Easter attacks on him. But he gave some other reasons for his objections. The identities of senior intelligence officers would be exposed if they were made to testify before the PSC with the media being given access to its proceedings, he said. Speaking at the monthly meeting with senior police officers, on 08 June, he also sought to justify his opposition to the PSC probe on the grounds that the Attorney General had sent him a letter, informing him that there were five cases pertaining to the Easter Sunday attacks, before the Supreme Court, and the PSC proceedings would affect the judicial process. Insisting that he had sent the AG’s letter to the Speaker, he said that Parliament had not been informed of it.

MP Jayasekera, earlier, cited the AG’s opinion, as the reason for his decision to skip the PSC proceedings. He demanded that the letter that the President had sent the Speaker be presented to the House. But having made such a hue and cry, he changed his mind suddenly after meeting the Speaker, on Tuesday. Is it that not even the SLFP General Secretary takes President Sirisena’s pronouncements seriously? It could also be that he appeared before the PSC to drop a bombshell.

The public has a right to know what is in the AG’s letter the President has forwarded to the Speaker, who was instrumental in bringing in right to information laws. Will that document be presented to Parliament so that it will be in the public domain? The government has released to the media two important letters during the last few days. One was from Chief Executive Director of the Millennium Challenge Corporation Sean Cairncross to Prime Minister Ranil Wickremesinghe; it says the former looks forward to the latter’s continued leadership to advance their shared goals. The other one is from the PM’s Office, faulting the Ceylon Chamber of Commerce for the latter’s ignorance of the SOFA (Status of Forces Agreement) expected to be signed between the US and Sri Lanka. So, why can’t the President’s letter to the Speaker be released to the public through Parliament?

Meanwhile, Jayasekera, yesterday, testifying before the PSC, reiterated that the suicide bomber sent to Hotel Taj Samudra had not blown himself up due to the presence of some powerful foreigners and local politicians there. He said the bomber had gone to Dehiwala, where he triggered a blast though the government says the terrorist failed to explode the bomb at Taj. When he first made that allegation at a media briefing, we argued, in this space, that the PSC should question him on his claim. Now that the PSC has done so, the question is what the government is going to do about it. A suicide bomber obeys only his handler. Who prevented the suicide attack at Taj if Jayasekera is telling us the truth?

MP Jayasekera also told the PSC that he suspected that a foreign power was behind the Easter Sunday attacks. He refused to name names, but the people have a right to know what that country is. Declining to name the foreign dignitaries and the Sri Lankan politicians who, he says, were at Taj, on 21 April, he asked the PSC to find out who they were. Jayasekera’s boss, President Sirisena, who is the Minister of Defence is obviously aware of the identities of those persons.

Let the government and the President be urged to reveal what Jayasekera has stopped short of saying.

සමෘද්ධි හිමිකම් නොලබන ජනතාවක් සිටින රටක් නිර්මාණය කිරීම අපේ අරමුණයි. – ඇමති සුජීව සේනසිංහ.

July 10th, 2019

විද්‍යා, තාක්ෂණ හා පර්යේෂණ අමාත්‍යතුමා

සමෘද්ධි හිමිකම් නොලබන ජනතාවක් සිටින රටක් නිර්මාණය කිරීම රජයේ අරමුණ බව විද්‍යා, තාක්ෂණ හා පර්යේෂණ අමාත්‍ය සුජීව සේනසිංහ පැවසීය. අමාත්‍යවරයා මේ බව ප්‍රකාශ කළේ රජය ක්‍රියාත්මක කරන අඩු ආදායම් ලබන පවුල් සඳහා  සමෘද්ධි සහනාධාර ලබා දීමේ වැඩසටහන යටතේ කඩුවෙල ප්‍රාදේශීය ලේකම් කොට්ඨාශයේ  තෝරාගත් පවුල් සඳහා සමෘද්ධි හිමිකම්පත් පිරිනැමීම වෙනුවෙන් අතුරුගිරිය, ශාන්තාලෝකගම දී පැවති උත්සවයකට එක්වෙමිනි.

එහි දී වැඩිදුරටත් අදහස් දැක් වූ අමාත්‍යවරයා මෙසේ පැවසීය.

දිරියෙන් නැගිටින ශක්තිමත් ජනතාවක් රට තුළ බිහි කළ යුතුයි. ඒ නිසා සහනාධාර ලබා ගැනීමට පමණක් සීමා නොවී ධෛර්යවන්තව උසස් ජීවන තත්වයක් ගොඩනගා ගැනීමට ඔබ වෙහෙසී කටයුතු කළ යුතුයි. අපේ රටේ කාන්තාවන් හැකියාවන් අතින් ශක්තිමත් පිරිසක්. ඇඟළුම් කර්මාන්තය, තේ කර්මාන්තය, විදේශ රැකියා වැනි ක්ෂේත්‍ර වලින් ඔවුන් ආර්ථිකයට විශාල දායකත්වයක් ලබාදෙනවා. මගේ පෞද්ගලික ධනය යොදවා ජනතාව වෙනුවෙන් නොමිලේ ක්‍රියාත්මක කරන දිරිය කාන්තා වැඩසටහනට සම්බන්ධවී අභිමානවත් වූ ව්‍යවසායිකාවක් ලෙස සංවර්ධනය වීමට හැකියාව තිබෙන බවට අපි සහතික වෙනවා. නමුත් ඒ සඳහා සහභාගී වන්නේ ඉතාම අවම පිරිසක්. ඒ සඳහා එක්වී සැලකිය යුතු ආදයමක් ලබාගනිමින් සමෘද්ධිය නොලබන ධෛර්යවන්ත කාන්තාවක් වීමට ඉදිරිපත් වන ලෙස මම ඔබට ආරාධනා කරනවා. ඇඟළුම් කර්මාන්තයෙන් ඩොලර් බිලියන 5 ක ආදායමක් අපි ලබනවා. නමුත් අපි මෙරටට ඇඳුම්  ආනයනය කිරීමට ඩොලර් බිලියන 13 රටෙන් පිට කරනවා. අපේ රටේ වෙළෙඳපොළ අපේ රටේ ම නිර්මාණය කිරීමට අපට හැකියාව තිබෙද්දීත් මෙවැනි මුදලක් රටින් පිටට යනවා.

තවත් අවුරුදු දහයකින් පමණ පසුවත්  සමෘද්ධි සහනාධාර ලබන ජනතාවක් සිටී නම් අපි පරාජිත ජාතියක් වෙනවා. දේශපාලකයන්ට රට දියුණු කරන්න නම් ජනතාවගේ සහාය අත්‍යවශ්‍යයි. ජේ. ආර්., ප්‍රේමදාස, ලලිත්, ගාමිණී වැනි ජවසම්පන්න තරුණ නායකයන් රැසක් රට ගොඩනැගීමට එක්සත් ජාතික පක්ෂයේ පෙළගැසී සිටිනවා. ඒ ජයග්‍රහණයට පක්ෂය සූදානම්. අවුරුදු විසිපහක කාලයක් අපේ පාක්ෂිකයන් සහන සැලසීමට අවස්ථාවක් අපට ලැබුනේ නැහැ. ඒත් අපේ රජයක් යටතේ අපේ පාක්ෂිකයන්ට පමණක් නොව සෑම ජන කොටසකට ම ප්‍රතිලාභ ලබා දීමට අප කටයුතු කර තිබෙනවා.

අප අමාත්‍යාංශය මගින්, රජයේ අවම මුදලක් භාවිතා කර ශිල්ප සේනා වැඩසටහන ක්‍රියාත්මක කරනවා. මේ සඳහා සහභාගිවීම තුළින් අනිවාර්යෙන්ම ඔබට විද්‍යා, තාක්ෂණ දැනුම ලබා ගැනීමත් සමගම නිෂ්පාදන අවස්ථාවක් ලබාගෙන ව්‍යවසායකයෙක්, සුළු හා මධ්‍ය පරිමාණ කර්මාන්ත කරුවෙක් බවට පත්වීමටත් හැකියාව ලැබෙන බවට මම සහතික වෙනවා.  ඒ සඳහා ධෛර්යවන්තව සහභාගී වන ලෙස මම ඔබට ආරාධනා කරනවා.

මෙම අවස්ථාවට කඩුවෙල ප්‍රාදේශීය ලේකම් යශිකා ආනන්දනී මහත්මිය, කඩුවෙල එක්සත් ජාතික පක්ෂ කළමනාකරු රනිල් ආටිගල මහතා, කඩුවෙල නගර සභාවේ විපක්ෂ නායක ප්‍රේම රංජිත් පෙරේරා මහතා සහ  නාගරික මන්ත්‍රීවරුන් ඇතුළු විශාල පිරිසක් එක්ව සිටියහ.

ඇමෙරිකානු ආරක්ෂක වුවමනාවට ආණ්ඩුව සේවක අයිතීන් අහෝසී කිරීමේ තදියමක

July 10th, 2019

මාධ්‍ය නිවේදනය නිදහස් වෙළඳ කලාප සහ පොදු සේවා සේවක සංගමය

‘‘ඒකීය රැුකියා නීතිය’’ මැයෙන් තවමත් ප‍්‍රසිද්ධකර නොමැති සහ පසුගිය අගහරුවාදා (ජුලි 09* ජාතික කම්කරු උපදේශන සභාවට ඉදිරිපත් කළමුත් සාකච්ඡුා නොවුනු ‘‘තනි කම්කරු නීති’’ කෙටුම්පත පිළිබඳව අපි කම්කරු සබඳතා ඇමත්ි ඇතුලූ අදාල පාර්ශව හමුවේ අපගේ කණස්සල්ල හා විරෝධය පසුගිය අවුරුද්ද පුරා සටහන් කර ඇත්තෙමු. ඒ අතර, හාම්පුතුන් සහ කම්කරු දෙපාර්තමේන්තුවේ ඉහළ බලධාරීන් එම පනත් කෙටුම්පත වෙනුවෙන් සහාය ලබා ගැනීමේ වෑයමක නිරත වන්නාහ. ඉතා කෙටියෙන් කියන්නේ නම්, දැනට පෞද්ගලික අංශය සඳහා පවතින කම්කරු නීති අණ පනත් 54 වෙනුවට ‘‘ඒකීය කම්කරු නීති’’ කෙටුම්පතක් සැකසීම සඳහා සංවර්ධන උපාමාර්ග සහ බාහිර වෙළඳාම් කටයුතු පිළිබඳ අමාත්‍යාංශය ඇමෙරිකානු ‘‘යූඑස්ඒඞ්’’ සංවිධානයේ ආධාර මත ව්‍යාපෘතියක් කි‍්‍රයාත්මක කිරීම ගැන අපි වෘත්තීය සමිතියක් ලෙස ප‍්‍රතිපත්තිමය වශයෙන් විරුද්ධ වන්නෙමු. මෙම ‘‘යූඑස්ඒඞ්’’ සංවිධානයේ මැදිහත්වීම අපගේ නීති සැකසීමේදී අනවශ්‍ය බාහිර ඇගිළි ගැසීමක් යැයි අපි ඉතා පැහැදිලිව කීවෙමු. ඇත්තෙන්ම, මෙය විදේශ ආයෝජකයින්ට අසංවිධානාත්මක නිදහස් ශ‍්‍රමිකයින් සූදානම් කිරීමේ වෑයමක් යැයිද අපි අවධාරණය කළෙමු.

කම්කරු දෙපාර්තමේන්තුවේ සහ එම අමාත්‍යාංශයේ අනුදැනුමකින් තොරව, ‘‘යූඑස්ඒඞ්’’ සංවිධානයේ අධික්ෂණය යටතේ පෞද්ගලික නීති උපදේශකයින් විසින් මෙම පනත කෙටුම්පත් කෙරුණු බව අපි හොඳාකාරවම දනිමු. ‘‘යූඑස්ඒඞ්’’ සංවිධානයේ සෘජු මැදිහත්වීමක් සමග මෙම ‘‘ඒකීය කම්කරු නීති’’ කෙටුම්පත සැකසීමේ ව්‍යාපෘතියට අප සමිතිය ඇතුළු ජාතික කම්කරු උපදේශන සභාවෙහි සියලූ වෘත්තීය සමිති විරුද්ධ වූහ. ‘‘යූඑස්ඒඞ්’’ සංවිධානය ඇමෙරිකානු රාජ්‍යයෙහි ආධාර බෙදාදීමේ ආයතනයක්වීම ඊට විශේෂ විය.
අවාසනාවකට ‘‘ඒකීය රැුකියා නීතිය’’ කෙටුම්පත කියවීමට ලැබුණු පසු අප කළ අනතුරු ඇගවීම් සියල්ල සැබෑවී ඇත. මෙම පනත් කෙටුම්පතෙහි හරය වනුයේ පෞද්ගලික අංශයේ රැුකියා සම්බන්ධ සියලූ කොන්දේසි සැකසීමේ නෛතික බලය හාම්පුතුන්ට පැවරීමය. ඒ වෙනුවෙන් පඩි පාලක සභා අහෝසි කරමින් පෞද්ගලික අංශයේ සියලූ කර්මාන්ත හා වෘත්තීන් සම්බන්ධ අවම වැටුප තීන්දු කිරීමේ බලය හාම්පුතුන්ට ලබාදීමත්, පෞද්ගලික අංශයේ නිවාඩු තීන්දු කිරීමත්, දිනකට පැය 12 ක උපරිමයකට යටත් පැය 45 ක සතියක් සමග එම පැය 45 සතියේ දින 04 කින් සම්පූර්ණ කර ගැනීමටත් ඉරිදා ඇතුළු අනෙක් දින 03 වැටුප් රහිත කිරීමට ඉඩ තැබීමත්, පාරිතෝෂිකය බරපතල ලෙස සීමා කිරීමත්, 1971 අංක 45 දරණ සේවය අවසන් කිරීමේ පනත අකී‍්‍රය කිරීමෙන් ඇතැම්විට නිසි පරීක්ෂණයකින් තොරව වුව සේවකයින් රිසිසේ රැුකියාවෙන් දොට්ට දැමීමේ බලය හාම්පුතුන්ට ලබාදීමත් පනත් කෙටුම්පතෙහි ප‍්‍රතිපාදන අතර ඇත. මෙලෙස සියලූ සේවක හා මානව හිමිකම් අහෝසි කිරීමට ‘‘යූඑස්ඒඞ්’’ සංවිධානය මැදිහත් වන්නේ ඇමෙරිකානු ජී.එස්.පී සහ යුරෝපා ජී.එස්.පී ‘අධි සහනය’ මගින් ශී‍්‍ර ලංකාවට දෙනු ලබන වෙළඳ වාසි වෙනුවෙන් ශී‍්‍ර ලංකා ආණ්ඩුවෙන් ඉල්ලා සිටිනුයේ ජාත්‍යන්තර කම්කරු සංවිධානයෙහි මූලික ප‍්‍රඥප්තීන් සියල්ල කි‍්‍රයාත්මක කිරීමය. ‘‘යූඑස්ඒඞ්’’ සංවිධානයෙහි මේ මැදිහත්වීම අප දකිනුයේ ශී‍්‍ර ලංකා ආණ්ඩුව සමග ඇමෙරිකාව කේවල්කරන්නාවූ ‘‘බලකායන්ගේ තත්ත්ව පිලිබඳ ගිවිසුම’’ (ීධත්‍්* මගින් ඇමෙරිකානු හමුදාවන්ට මෙරට අඩිය තබා ගැනීමට දරණ උත්සාහයෙහි එක් පියවරක් ලෙසිනි. එකී ගිවිසුම අත්සන් නොකළහොත් අපගේ අපනයන හා රැුකියා අවස්ථා අහිමිවීමේ අවදානමක් ඇතැයි මුදල් ඇමති මංගල සමරවීර අනතුරු අගවන්නේය. ඉන් ඇ`ගවෙන්නේ, ඔවුන්ගේම ජී.එස්.පී යටතේ ඉල්ලා සිටි සේවක අයිතිවාසිකම් සහමුලින් උල්ලංඝණය කෙරෙන ආර්ථික තර්ජන සමගින් ීධත්‍් ගිවිසුම තල්ලූ කෙරෙන බවය. අත්සන් කිරීම සඳහා යෝජනා කෙරෙන එකී ගිවිසුම මගින් කොළඹ ඇමෙරිකානු තානාපති කාර්යාලයේ පරිපාලන හා තාක්ෂණික සේවකයින් සඳහා ඇති රාජ්‍යතාන්ති‍්‍රක මුක්තිය මෙරටට පැමිණෙන ඔවුන්ගේ හමුදා කාණ්ඩ වලටද ඔවුන්ගේ සියලූ කාර්යන්ට අදාලවන සේ එහි යෝජනා කෙරෙන්නේය.

ඉන්දියානු සාගරයේ ආධිපත්‍ය වෙනුවෙන් ඉන්දීය සහායද ඇතිව ඇමෙරිකාව සහ චීනය අතර ඇති බල අරගලය විවෘත බල අරගලයකි. ශී‍්‍ර ලංකාවේ පිහිටීම එහිදී ඉතා වැදගත් හා සංවේදී සාධකයකි. එබැවින් මේ ආණ්ඩුව ප‍්‍රතිවිරෝධ හමුවේ දුර්වලව ඉන්නා මේ අවදියේ ීධත්‍් ගිවිසුම තල්ලූ කර ගැනීමේ හදිස්සියක් ඇමෙරිකාවට ඇත. ආණ්ඩුව පැත්තෙන් ඇමෙරිකාව හා කෙරෙන ගනු දෙනු හමුවේ සංවිධිත කම්කරු පංතියක පැවැත්ම තර්ජනයක් ලෙස ගණන් හැදෙන්නකි. එනිසා හැකි ඉක්මණින් ‘‘ඒකීය කම්කරු නීති’’ පනත් කෙටුම්පත නීතියක් බවට පත් කිරීමේ හදිස්සියක් ආණ්ඩුවටද ඇත. හාම්පුතුන්ටද මේ දේශපාලන සන්දර්භය එම කෙටුම්පත නීතියක් ලෙස සම්මත කර ගැනීමට යථා අවස්ථාවකි. කෙටියෙන් කියන්නේ නම්, ඇමෙරිකාවත් ආණ්ඩුවත් සමග හාම්පුතුන්ද එක් කණ්ඩායමක් ලෙස අසංවිධිත දුර්වල ශ‍්‍රම බලකායක් හැදීමේ උත්සාහයක නිරතව ඇත.
එබැවින් ‘‘ඒකීය රැුකියා නීතිය’’ නමින් වන මෙම අතිශය භයානක නීති කෙටුම්පත සම්මත කිරීමේ තර්ජනය නිසියාකාරව අවබෝධ කරගත යුතු යැයි අපි සියලූ දේශීය හා විදේශීය වෘත්තීය සමිති වලට අවධාරණය කරමු. ඊළග ජනාධිපතිවරණය විසින් මේ තත්ත්වය වෙනස් නොවන්නේ යැයි අප විශ්වාස කරන හෙයින් මෙම ‘‘ඒකාබද්ධ රැුකියා නීතිය’’ සම්මත කිරීම පමා වූවත් කර්මාන්ත ශාලා හා ආයතන මට්ටමින් ඊට එරෙහි සේවක විරෝධයක් සංවිධානය කිරීමට වහා පියවර ගත යුතු යැයි අපි කියමු. අපගේ ආරක්ෂාව ඇත්තේ අපගේ සංවිධානාත්මක ශක්තියෙහි යැයි අපි කියමු.

ඇන්ටන් මාකස්
සම ලේකම්
නිදහස් වෙළඳ කලාප සහ
පොදු සේවා සේවක සංගමය

Priorities at this moment

July 10th, 2019

Dr Sarath Obeysekera 

Priorities of the rulers at this moment is to finds funds to provide free health and education, subsidised fuel, services to public such as police protection, crime busting , eradicating drug menace, maintaining law and order,disposing garbage,upholding judiciary etc .

Once we find funds country , country should  save part and also spend carefully.

Yesterday I left work like many people working in the city to home from port to Battaramulla via Galleface,Kollupitiya ;Borella; Rajagiriya .

Yesterday It took me two long hours to reach home.Luckily I was in my car doing some work in my computer,but others do not have that privilege .

Some youngsters can use their smart phone and spend time in public transport .Other state and private sector employees will be watching the traffic sanarling in a frustrating speed and cursing .

Then we hear over the radio that IUSF consisting youngsters who are enjoying all the facilities listed above ,particularly free  education have resorted to go on protesting in Kollupitiya near prime minister’s office. They know that that sort of action will cause difficulties to ordinary people including their mothers and fathers.

Executive and cabinet are behaving like bulls /horses pulling a cart with worn wheels in two different direction hence they are unable to anything.

Firstly both sections should work together and take bold decisions to stop such somewhat Terrorising” the public-action instigated by JVP and rival leftist parties with backing of opposition .

It can be done only by force if they are not ready to understand the logic of doin* such demonstration will cause inconvenience to their fathers ,mothers,uncles etc

They should be stopped before they congregate.

We have emergency law in force.

Why police allow them to act like this ?

If they want to show their power to politicians who live and work heart of the city,political leaders  should move out of the city 

My very unrealistic proposal is that rulers should put up their offices in a place in the middle of Muthurajawela  or at far corner of Port City where IUSF or any other organisation cannot protest due to difficulty to have access.

TV can give publicity using large TV screens like the  ones used they use to show Worldcup cricket funded by beer companies where beer is sold in a happy hour mood at half price

All youngsters will prefer drinking beer thanking Mangala and go home 

Dr Sarath Obeysekera 

ඔබේ අනුමැතියත් අවශ්‍යයි…..!

July 10th, 2019

නීතිඥ අරුණ ලක්සිරි උණවටුන (සමායෝජක),

ශ්‍රේෂ්ඨාධිකරණ සහ අභියාචනාධිකරණ නඩු තීන්දු ලබා දිය යුතු භාෂාව සිංහල භාෂාව විය යුතුද? යන කාරණය ජනමතවිචාරණයකට යොමු කරන ලෙස ජනාධිපතිවරයාගෙන් කරන ඉල්ලීමට නීතිඥවරුන් ඇතුලු බොහෝ පිරිස් අත්සන් කරමින් ඇත. 

ඉලක්කය අත්සන් 10,000 ක ප්‍රමාණයකි. 

මෙම ඉල්ලීමට ඔබගේ අනුමැතියත් අවශ්‍යයි. 

අත්සන් කිරීම සදහා විමසන්න 

නීතිඥ අරුණ ලක්සිරි උණවටුන (සමායෝජක),

ශ්‍රේෂ්ඨාධිකරණ සහ අභියාචනාධිකරණ නඩු තීන්දු රටේ බහුතර ජනතාවට කියවිය හැකි පරිදි සිංහල භාෂාවෙන් ලබා ගැනීම වෙනුවෙන් වන වැඩසටහන, 

අංක 09, කොළඹ පාර, හදපාන්ගොඩ.(10524)

දුරකථන 0342256066, 0342256067, 0712063394.

Hazardous material from UK – Re-export containers: CEA tells Customs

July 10th, 2019

Chaturanga Samarawickrama Courtesy The Daily Mirror

The Central Environmental Authority (CEA) said yesterday it had directed Sri Lanka Customs to re-export the illegally imported containers filled with industrial waste to the country of origin.

The shipments were reportedly imported from Britain.

The Director of the Chemicals and Hazardous Waste Management Unit of the Waste Management Division, Ajith Weerasundara said the containers contained hospital beds, mattresses, carpets, plastic and items like polythene, larvae, dead plants, fungus, bird feathers.

We heard that more than 100 such containers have been illegally imported. But Sri Lanka is not a country which has the capacity to destroy garbage belonging to other countries,” he said and added that the waste material in the containers were hazardous to the environment and to health.

According to a senior official of the Customs, an internal investigation is underway on how the shipment came into the country.

He said that inquiries had revealed that an institution in Katunayake had allgedly imported these hazardous material.

Sri Lanka negotiating military cooperation deal with US, prime minister says

July 10th, 2019

Courtesy The defense post

COLOMBO, Sri Lanka (AFP) – Sri Lanka is negotiating a fresh military cooperation deal with the United States, its Prime Minister announced in parliament Wednesday, July 10, even as the country’s president vowed to veto any agreement.

Ranil Wickremesinghe said the government was discussing a replacement for a 1995 Status of Forces arrangement that would allow the militaries of the two countries to access each other’s ports and airports with fewer formalities.

US and Sri Lanka Navy exercise

The prime minister said negotiations were ongoing as the new document contained provisions Sri Lanka was not able to accept,” without elaborating on what they were.

His comments came days after President Maithripala Sirisena said he would not let the government headed by his pro-West arch-rival conclude any deal giving U.S. forces freer access to Sri Lanka.

I will not allow the SOFA that seeks to betray the nation. Some foreign forces want to make Sri Lanka one of their bases. I will not allow them to come into the country and challenge our sovereignty,” Sirisena, who faces an election this year, said at a rally last weekend.

The United States last year granted $39 million for maritime security to Sri Lanka as China develops its strategic hold in the region.

U.S. concern has increased as China steps up investment in ports and other projects on the island, which is a key link in Beijing’s ambitious Belt and Road” infrastructure initiative.

China has vowed to keep providing financial help, including loans, to Sri Lanka despite warnings about the nation’s mounting debt.

Sri Lanka in 2017 gave a 99-year lease on a strategic port to Beijing because it could not repay Chinese loans for the $1.4 billion project.

Hambantota port straddles the world’s busiest east-west shipping route and also gives a strategic foothold to China in a region long dominated by India.

Roshan Ranasinghe received death threats from President’s brother?

July 10th, 2019

Courtesy Adaderana

Parliamentarian Roshan Ranasinghe says he received death threats from President Maithripala Sirisena’s brother, Dudley Sirisena.

The parliamentarian stated this joining Derana ‘Wada Pitiya’ political programme last night (09).

The Criminal Investigation Department even refused to accept his complaint in this regard, MP Ranasinghe alleged.

Commenting that a brother of a president has not behaved in such a manner before, MP Ranasinghe said the President’s brother is greedy of power.

In other parts of the world, the farmers who cultivate the staple crops are economically stable, but in Sri Lanka nearly 3 million of paddy farmers are suffering immensely, the parliamentarian said commenting further.

Find out who was at Taj Hotel on Easter Sunday – Daysiri tells PSC

July 10th, 2019

Courtesy Adaderana

MP Dayasiri Jayasekara says that Sri Lanka’s authorities should investigate as to why one of the Easter Sunday attackers did not set off his bomb at the Taj Samudra Hotel in Colombo despite visiting it and to also find out who was at that hotel on that fateful day.

The SLFP General Secretary today appeared before the Parliamentary Select Committee inquiring into the terror attacks on several hotels and churches on April 21.

He was questioned about certain controversial comments made by him during an interview with Derana 360° following the Easter attacks, in which he had claimed that the attack did not take place at the Taj due to the presence of certain individuals at the hotel.

A section of the video of the interview was also played at the PSC hearing before the panel members commenced their questioning of the MP.

Explaining his comments, Jayasekara said that in the wake of the attacks even they had the question as to why the bomb was not detonated at the Taj Samudra.

The MP said that during the interview he asked the presenter and the media organization to look into this matter as investigative journalists and to find out who was at the hotel at that time.

He said that these questions about why the bomber did not blow himself up at the Taj and instead detonated the bomb in Dehiwala wee on everyone’s minds and everyone was talking about it.

That is why I raised this suspicion,” he said.

Jayasekara said that he believes that the country’s security forces or the Parliamentary Select Committee have to find out the reason why bombs exploded at three major hotels in Sri Lanka and did not explode at another.

He urged the select committee to direct their attention towards this issue especially because a conclusive finding has still not been made with regard to this.

He also said that authorities should also get the information regarding those who were at the hotel that day as some people are of the opinion that certain VIPs were staying at the hotel.  

ඇමති මංගල අන්ත දුෂිතයෙක්.. හිරේ ඉන්න ඔ්න එකෙක් පාර්ලිමේන්තුවේ.. ජනපති වෙන්න රනිල්ට නියත විවරන දුන් තීනියාවල හිමි මංගලට යුද ප‍්‍රකාශ කරයි…

July 10th, 2019

 lanka C news

ඇක්සා ගිවිසුම වසර දෙකක් තිස්සේ පාර්ලිමේන්තුවට ඉදිරිපත් කර නැති බවත් අතිශය රහසිගතව මේ සියල්ල මංගල සමරවීර ඇමතිවරයා විසින් පිටුපස සිට සිදු කර ඇති බවත් පූජ්‍ය තීනියාවල පාලිත හිමියෝ සඳහන් කරති.

මංගල සමරවීර ඇමතිවරයා යතු මේ ආන්ඩුවේ සිටින ඉතාම දූෂිත ඇමතිවරයෙක් බවද හිමියෝ පැවසූහ.

හිටපු විදේශ ලේකම් ප‍්‍රසාද් කාරියවසම් හා හිටපු ආරක්‍ෂක ලේකම් කරුණාසේන හෙට්ටාආරච්චි මෙම ගිවිසුම් සදහා සම්බන්ධ වී අත්සන් කර ඇති බවද උන් වහන්සේ සදහන් කලහ.

අද වන විට ප‍්‍රසාද් කාරියවසම් මහතා විදේශීය ආයතනයකින් ගෙවීම් ලබමින් කතානායකවරයාගේ උපදේමකවරයෙකු ලෙස කටයුතු කරන බවත් හරිනම් මේ වන විට ඔහු සිටිය යුත්තේ හිරේ බවත් උන්වහන්සේ සඳහන් කළේ ජාතික සමගි බලවේගය සංවිධානය විසින් කොලඹදී පැවති මාධ්‍ය හමුවකදීය.

මෑතකදී අරලියගහ මන්දිරයේදී පැවති දානමය කටයුත්තකදී මීලග ජනාධිපතිවරයා වීමට අගමැති රනිල් වික්‍රමසිංහ මහතාට නියත විවරණ දෙන බවද ප්‍රකාශ කළේ මෙම හිමියන් විසිනි.

තීනියාවල පාලිත හිමියන් රනිල් වික්‍රමසිංහ මහතාට අතිශය පක්ෂපාතීව හිමිනමක් ලෙස ප්‍රසිද්ධ අතර මංගල සමරවීර මහතා මෑතකදී සජිත් ප්‍රේමදාස මහතා සමග එක වේදිකාවට ගොඩ වීම හේතුවෙන් මෙම අර්බුදකාරී තත්ත්වය එක්සත් ජාතික පක්ෂය තුළ පැන නැගී ඇතැයි එහි ආරංචි මාර්ග කියයි.

පාස්කු බෝම්බ කමිටුව දයාසිරිගෙන් ඉගෙනගනී.. උගුලේ නොවැටී දයාසිරි කමිටුවම එකවර මඩවයි.. [Video]

July 10th, 2019

 lanka C news

පාස්කු ඉරිදා දිනයේ මෙරටට එල්ල වූ බෝම්බ ප්‍රහාරය සම්බන්ධයෙන් විමර්ශනය කරන පාර්ලිමේන්තු තේරීම් කාරක සභාව හමුවේ අද දිනයේ කැඳවා තිබුණේ ශ්‍රී ලංකා නිදහස් පක්ෂ මහලේකම් පාර්ලිමේන්තු මන්ත්‍රී දයාසිරි ජයසේකර මහතායි.

ඔහුට පළමු වතාවට කැඳවූ අවස්ථාවේ එය ප්‍රතික්ෂේප කර කැඳවීම වර්ජනය කළ අතර කළ නමුත් අද දිනයේ ඔහු කමිටුව හමුවේ පෙනී සිටියේය.

තේරීම් කාරක සභාවේ සාමාජිකයන් විසින් අසන ලද බොහෝ පැනයන්වලට ශූර ලෙස පිළිතුරු දෙන්නට චතුර කථිකයෙකු වූ ශ්‍රීලනිප මහ ලේකම් වරයා සමග සමත් වූ අතර ඇතැම් අවස්ථාවල ශ්‍රීලනිප මහලේකම් වරයා දුන් පිළිතුරුවලින් කමිටු සාමාජිකයන් පවා අර්බුදයට පත් වූ සෙයක් පෙනින.

මෙම ප්‍රහාරයේ වගකීම ජනාධිපතිවරයා වෙත එල්ල කිරීමට ඇතැමුන් උත්සාහ කරන බවද පැවසූ මහලේකම්වරයා මෙම ප්‍රහාරය පසුපස ජාත්‍යන්තර වෙළඳ යුද්ධයක් ඇති බව සිය මතය යැයි සඳහන් කළේය.

හම්බන්තොට වරාය බදුදීම, කොළඹ වරායේ නැගෙනහිර පර්යන්තය බදුදීම, ත්‍රිකුණාමල වරාය බදු දීම, ත්‍රිකුණාමලය හා කොළඹ අතර විශේෂ ආර්ථික කලාපය ආදී කාරණා මෙම ප‍්‍රහාරය හා සම්බන්ධයක් ඇතැයි පෙන්නුම් කරන බවද ජයසේකර මහතා පැවසීය.

ජනපති සොයුරු ඩඩ්ලි සිරිසේනගෙන් මන්ත‍්‍රි රොෂාන් රණසිංහට මරණ තර්ජන..

July 10th, 2019

lanka C news

ජනපතිගේ සහෝදරයාගෙන් රොෂාන්ට මරණීය තර්ජන?

ජනපතිගේ සහෝදරයාගෙන් රොෂාන්ට මරණීය තර්ජන ?

Posted by Ada Derana Sinhala on Þriðjudagur, 9. júlí 2019

ජනාධිපති මෛත්‍රීපාල සිරිසේන මහතාගේ සහෝදරයා වන ඩඩ්ලි සිරිසේන මහතා විසින් විසින් තමන්ට මරණ තර්ජනය කළ බව එක්සත් ජනතා නිදහස් සන්ධාන පොළොන්නරුව දිස්ත්‍රික් පාර්ලිමේන්තු මන්ත්‍රී රොෂාන් රණසිංහ මහතා පවසයි.

තමනට මෙම මරනීය තර්ජනය කරන ලද්දේ පොලීසියෙන්ද ලග තබාගෙන බවත් මන්ත‍්‍රීවරයා කීය.

මේ සම්බන්ධයෙන් තමන් රහස් පොලිසියට පැමිණිල්ලක් කිරීමට උත්සාහ කළ අවස්ථාවේ එයට ද අවස්ථාව ලබා නොදුන් බව ඒ මහතා සඳහන් කරයි.

දෙරණ රූපවාහිනිය වාදපිටිය වැඩසටහනට එක්වෙමින් ඔහු මේ බව කියා සිටියේය.

නාගන්නදට දිගටම අපලයි.. රටම රවටන වංචාවක් ගැන තවත් පැමිණිල්ලක් ගොනු කෙරේ…

July 10th, 2019

lanka C news

නාගන්නදට දිගටම අපලයි.. රටම රවටන වංචාවක් ගැන තවත් පැමිණිල්ලක් ගොනු කෙරේ…

ඉදිරි ජනාධිපතිවරනයට ඉදිරිපත් වන්නේ යයි කියන නාගානන්ද කොඩිතුවක්කු මහතාට විරුද්දව සමාජ ක‍්‍රියාකාරිකයෙකු වන ඕෂල හේරත් මහතා විසින් මැතිවරණ කොමිෂන් සභාවට පැමිණිලි කර ඇත.

එම සම්පුර්ණ පැමිණිල්ල මෙහි දැක්වෙයි.

මැතිවරණ කොමිෂන් සභාවේ සභාපති සහ සාමාජිකයින්,
මැතිවරණ කොමිෂන් සභාව
මැතිවරණ මහ ලේකම් කාර්යාලය,
තැ.පෙ. 02, සරණමාවත,
රාජගිරිය, 10107,
ශ්‍රී ලංකාව

මහත්මයාණනි,

නගානන්ද කොඩිතුවක්කු මහතා ගැන පැමිණිල්ලක්

99, සුබද්‍රරාම පාර, නුගේගොඩ යන ලිපිනයේ පදිංචි නාගානනද කොඩිතුවක්කු නම් බ්‍රිතාන්‍ය සහ ශ්‍රී ලංකා යන රට වල දෙකේ ද්විත්ව පුරවැසිභාව හිමි පුද්ගලයකු මැතිවරණ කොමිසමේ සභාපති සහ කොමිසමේ සාමාජිකයන්ගේ සහ සිමා නිර්ණය කොමිසම් සභාවේ නම භාවිතා කරමින් ව්‍යවස්ථාවට පටහැනි සහ නීති විරෝධී ක්‍රමවේදයන් ගැන සදහන් කරමින් මැතිවරණය ප්‍රචාරණ කටයුත්තක නිරත වේ.

ඔහු විසින් සදහන් කරන පරිදි ඔහු ඉදිරියේදී එන ජනාධිපතිවර්ණය තරග කරන්නට බලාපොරොත්තු වන අතර එහිදී ඔහු විසින් නිර්මාණය කරන ලද ව්‍යවස්ථාවක් ජනතා හමුවට ඉදිරිපත් කර ඔහු එම මැතිවරණය ජය ගැනීමත් සමගම ක්ෂනිකයෙන් බලාත්මක වන බව පවසයි. ඔහු මැතිවරණයට ඉදිරිපත් කරන එම ව්‍යවස්ථා කෙටුම්පත ඔහුගේ ජයග්‍රහණය සමග ජනතාව අනුමත කළා සේ සලකා ඔහු විසින් එය අත්සන් කර බලාත්මක කරන බවට ඔහු පවසනවා. ඒ අනුව ක්ෂණිකයෙන් දැනට ඇති පාර්ලිමේන්තුව සහ ශ්‍රෙෂ්ඨකරණය බල රහිත කර විසුරුවා හරින බවටත්ය එත් සමග ඔහු විසින් මන්ත්‍රීවරුන් 60කට සිමා වූ නව පාර්ලිමේන්තුවක් සහ ඔහු විසින් පත්කරනු ලබන විනිශ්චකාරවරුන්ගේ සමන්විත නව ශ්‍රේෂ්ඨාධිකරණයක් ස්ථාපිත කරන බවට සදහන් කරයි. එය ඔහු විසින් ව්‍යවස්ථා කැරැල්ලක් මගින් ගෙනන ස්වයංජාත ව්‍යවස්ථාවක් ලෙස අර්ථකතයන කරයි. නාගනනද කොඩිතුවක්කු හට ඔහු දකින හින කැමති විදියට දකින්නත් ඒවා සමාජයට ඉදිරිපත් කරන්නත් අයිතියක් ඇති බවට මම එකග වෙමි.

නමුත් මෙහි බරපතල කාරණයක් ඇත. එනම් ඔහු මෙම ක්‍රියාව නිතියනුකුල බවට සහ පිළිගැනීමක් ඇති බවට සමාජයට ඒත්තු ගන්වන්නේ ඔහු මෙම ව්‍යවස්ථාව සහ එය බලාත්මක කරන ක්‍රමවේදය නිර්මාණය කරනු ලබන්නේ අදාළ බලධාරීන් සමග සාකච්චා කර බවට ඔහු සදහන් කරීමයි. එහිදී ඔහු එම බලධාරීන් , සිමා නිර්ණය කොමිසන් සභාව සහ මැතිවරණ කොමිසම් සභාවේ සභාපති මහින්ද දේශප්‍රිය සහ මැතිවරණ කොමිසම් සභාවේ අනිකුත් සාමාජිකයින් ලෙස පවසනවා. ඔහු එසේ පවසමින් ඔහුගේ මෙම ව්‍යවස්ථා විරෝධී සහ නීති විරෝධී ලියවිල්ල ඔබලා විසින් පිළිගත් එකක් බවට මහජනතාව ඒත්තු ගැන්වීමට කටයුතු කරනවා. ඔහු ඒ බවට කරන ලද ප්‍රකාශයන් සමාජ ජාල මාධ්‍ය හරහා ප්‍රචාරණය කරමින් ජනතාව මුලා කිරීමේ ක්‍රියාවක යෙදෙනවා. මෙම කාරණය සනාථ කිරීමට අවශ්‍ය ඔහු විසින් සමාජ ජාල මාධ්‍ය හරහා ප්‍රචාරය කරමින් සිටින වීඩියෝවක් මේ සමග අමුණා ඇත.

මෙහි අනෙක් බරපතල කාරණය නම් ඔහු මෙම මැතිවරණය සදහා රුපියල් මිලියන 500- 750 ක් මුදලක් අවශ්‍ය බව සදහන් කරමින් නුගේගොඩ ලංකා බැංකුවේ ඔහුගේ නමින් පිහිටවන ලද ගිණුමකට (a/c no 829 68 430 ) මුදල් එකතු කරමින් සිටිනවා. (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Rqh_3pHlACY) ඔහුන් ඔබලාගේද නම් භාවිතා කරමින් කරන ප්‍රචාරන කටයුත්ත නිසා ජනතාව ඔහු විශ්වාස කරමින් විශාල වශයෙන් එම ගිණුමට මුදල් එවනු ලැබේ. දේශපාලන කටයුත්ත කට මෙසේ ප්‍රෝඩාකාරී ලෙස පෞද්ගලික ගිණුමකට මුදල් එකතු කිරීම සක්චිති පන්නයේ වංචාවක් වීමට ඉඩ ඇති නිසා ඒ ගැන දැනටමත් මා විසින් පොලිස්පති තුමා හට කරන ලද පැමිණිල්ලකට අනුව විමර්ශ කටයුතු ආරම්භ කර ඇත. එම පැමිණිල්ලේ යොමු අංකය Tell IGP 14/JUL/2019 වේ.

මා විසින් පොලිසියට පැමිණිලි කර දින 2ක් යන විට ඔහු විසින් ඔහුගේ බ්‍රිතාන්‍ය පුරවැසි කම ඉවත් කර ගැනීමට අවශ්‍ය ලිපි ලේඛන බර දුන් බවට සමාජ මාධ්‍ය හරහා ප්‍රකාශ කළා. කෙසේ වෙතත් මම මේ වන විටත් බ්‍රිතානයේ දේශීය කටයුතු කාර්යාලයට ද මොහුගේ මෙම සැක සහිත ක්‍රියාවලිය ගැන දැනුම් දීමට කටයුතු කර ඇත.

මේ කරුණු හට ඔබේ අවදානයට මම යොමු කරන්න කටයුතු කිරීමට තීරණය කලේ මොහුගේ මෙම කටයුතු ඉදිරියේදී වංචනික කටයුත්තක් ලෙස තහවුරු උවහොත් එහිදී ඔබ ආයතනයටද එයින් අපකීර්තියක් ඇතිවීමට ඉඩ ඇති බැවිනි. මක් නිසාදයත් ඔහු ඔහුගේ ප්‍රචාරන කරයුතු වලදී ඔබ සහ මැතිවරණ කොමිසමේ නම් භාවිතා කරමින් ජනතා විශ්වාසය දිනා ගැනීමට කටයුතු කරන බැවිනි. එය හුදෙක් වංචනික මුල්‍ය ආයතයනයක් මහා බැංකුවේ නම භාවිතා කරමින් ජනතා විශ්වාසය ලබා ගනිමින් මුදල් තැම්පතු ලබා ගන්නා සේය.

එම නිසා මම ඔබෙන් සහ මැතිවරණ කොමිසමෙන් කාරුණිකව ඉල්ලා සිටින්නේ මේ ගැන විධිමත් පරීක්ෂණයක් පවත්වා ඒ ගැන මැතිවරණ කොමිසමේ ස්ථාවරය ප්‍රසිද්ධියට පත්කර ජනතාව නොමග යැවීමක් සිදු වන්නේ නම් එය වලක්වන ලෙසටයි.

ස්තුති
මිට
ඕෂල හේරත්

MR RUWAN WIJEWARDANE IS THE BEST LEADER FOR UNP

July 9th, 2019

BY EDWARD THEOPHILUS

Generally, all political parties in Sri Lanka have a common problem, which is they don’t train the next leader for the party to take responsibilities on account of the country.  Next leader of a political party should be a dynamic characteristic, which has a good education, excellent attitudes, dynamic skills and broader experience as a person growing and intelligent person to deal with a dynamic world where emerges unexpected problems as a result of international or domestic reasons.  If we look back the selection of leaders to political parties it is observable that the election of leaders to political parties has been the genesis of the destruction of the political parties because elected new leaders failed to policy invention consistent to the dynamism of the environment.  In this sense, a leader should not be a marionette of advisors, but an intelligent person to understand the intention of advisors and the impact of advice. 

Mr. D.S Senanayake was the right leader for UNP at the beginning as his style of administration and intelligentsia could address the issues faced by Sri Lanka at the international and domestic level.  There may have disagreements among people on how Mr. Senanayake addressed the problems.  The most superior aspect of his administration was he never betrayed the nation and the religion, which highly recognized by any leader of the world.  The characteristics of Mr. Dudley Senanayake was people oriented and a follower of his father’s pathway but he was lack of initiative in relation to changes in party policies adapting to modernization.  Mr. John Kotelawala was an excellent determinant and good policy inventor in relation to economic development and foreign relation, but his temperament was not consistent to the culture of people and he was too aligned to the West. If the economic policies and plans of Mr. Kotelawala were successfully implemented in the country, Sri Lanka would be better than South Korea, Singapore, and Taiwan with a strong foreign asset base and domestic currency value.  However, economic and social inequalities in the country would have dominated with differences among people.

Mr. S.W.R.D Bandaranaike was a leader of uniting ordinary people and giving justice to the rural community through education and cultural development.  His economic policies provoked the West and investors and promoted misguided attitudes among the working class, however, his leadership promoted the transferring of power of the country from feudalists to rural educated youths.  Mrs. Bandaranaike had excellent foreign advisors and attitudes to manage good foreign policy.  She continued weak and inappropriate economic policies and failed to control the behavior of family members’ influence on government administration and she as a leader had not understood of modernization.

Mr. J.R. Jayewardene did the best to UNP as a party leader who clearly understood modernization and the way should the country go forward. He did many international tasks that lead Sri Lanka to an internationally recognized country with Mr. D.S Senanayake and Dudley Senanayake. At the funeral speech of Mr. Dudley Senanayake before saying “Good Night Sweet Prince,” he convinced the country that Mr. Dudley Senanayake did everything with him and he continues Mr. Dudley’s policy in the country.  Policymaking using capable leaders of the party was his stewardship, but unable to successfully direct policies for ethnic and religious issues.  Mr R. Premadasa had a serious weakness in uniting party heavyweights and according to his experience with Mr. Gunassinghe, he committed to work for poor by offering a carrot to them rather than developing strong policies for poor to emerge in the economic and social field. Mr. Premadasa was a person easy to mislead by considering his personal interest.

Mrs. Chandrika Kumaratunga gained popularity, not because of the political dynasty but the popularity of her actor husband and sympathy for him due to the assassination.  As a leader of the SLFP, she could not show strong performance but she showed she was perusing for an unseen recognition or a utopian status than the reality of the country. These were not important to people from a party leader.  Mr. Mahinda Rajapaksa had to face a gigantic problem as party leader as well as the leader of the country and he managed it well with the strong support of his brothers.  He did two most vital tasks defeat of LTTE and attempting to reduce the inequalities of economic growth between urban and rural.  When the West refused to support his government he successfully associated with China and obtained good economic supports. Although he lost power in 2015, he was able to able secure the power as a member of the opposition.

Mr. Ranil Wickremasinghe had an excellent background to be the party as well as the leader of the country.  The first negative point for him was the selection to the law faculty for studies because Mr. Dudley Senanayake had to answer for questions at the upper house regarding his selection and he became the prime minister when there were more popular and educated party leaders. There were many fabricated stories about his behaviour, but they are not important to voters if he works for people.  The result of this situation was Mr. Wickremasinghe did not get full support from the party heavyweight.

Now the issue is who should be the next leader of UNP.  Many talks about Mr. Sajith Premadasa, however, he has fundamental weaknesses. What are his educational qualifications, he should openly express to the country?  He is too much taking or claiming his father’s work.  Can he produce a photo to the country that shows he participated in his father’s funeral and produce the speech given to people at the funeral? What is his policy opinion in relation to many areas such as foreign policy, economic development, and growth, a new constitution for the country and many matters?  As a leader like J.R Jayewardene, he must be able to talk about many policies matters rather than claiming his father’s work. The behaviour of his mother and his sister was not popular in the country.

Mr. Rawan Wijewardena has excellent qualities to be the leader of UNP. He has an excellent family background and relationship to the past leaders of UNP even to Kings in the country.  He has an excellent education, policy knowledge, and attitudes.  However, he cannot defeat Mr. Gotabaya Rajapaksa as security, policy development, policy correction and a building a cultural design are the priority in the country. The best thing Mr. Wijewardena to do is support Mr. Gotabaya and then go to power as a different leader. The only weakness of Mr. Wijewardena is media bias because his family members owned Lake House, however, his background is strong, he can get the support of Sinhala Buddhists and poor people if he convinces right policies to the country. He has no corrupt behaviour and he is a person with possibilities to get on with poor and have and share a lunch sitting on the floor. He is a completely different person from Mr Ranil Wickremasinghe.  He never makes hate speeches and very polite and pleasant characteristic.     

National Health Service Sri Lanka -Priorities

July 9th, 2019

Sarath  Obeysekera

A daily paid labourer who was living in appalling condition along Dutch Canal in Alakanda near the CMC garbage dump was helped to build his house with my personal funds.

He tells me that his wife is having chronic asthma.

She had to attend regular clinic in Ragama Teaching. Hospital. He complained about the service   In the hospital.

She has to go to the Ragama Hospital by a three wheeler at 3 am to get number and she had to wait until 3 pm same day to be called by the doctor

There are over 2000 patients lined up 

I am not sure how true this is ,but authorities should look into this and improve the service to poor people

As my wife works in Private hospital she was asked to come for a private consultation and we agreed to bear the cost

Minister gets a honorary post in WHO and keep boasting about the fac