ISLAM ENJOINS TO BELIEVE IN ALL THE PROPHETS
Posted on July 28th, 2013

By A. Abdul Aziz

This is in reference to the comments for the article published in lankaweb.com titled: Govt. of India Documentary on Jesus in Kashmir! (http://www.lankaweb.com/news/items/2013/07/24/govt-of-india-documentary-on-jesus-in-kashmir/) and be pleased to elaborate why Allah sends messengers to all people of all the times.

Our universe and all that it contains is the creation of Allah, the Wise. He has created every thing with a purpose and to achieve that purpose He has provided all necessary guidance and means. He has created man in His own image and has made him the chief of His creation. Both good and bad have been made manifestly clear to man. He has also been blessed with wisdom by which he can find out the right path, can sift right from wrong and truth from falsehood. The Holy Quran tells us that man has been endowed with both spiritual and physical eyes by which he can distinguish good from evil and has been given a tongue and two lips that he might ask for guidance, and above all God has placed before him a supreme object of his life that he may devote all his faculties and energies to achieve it.

Man has been granted the choice of both selection and action. Hence he is the master of his own destiny.

To achieve the object of life, God, out of His benevolence raises prophets, who serve as models. These prophets have been appearing in every people and in all parts of the world. Their mission has always been to guide mankind to its Creator, through their example and model. The guidance revealed through each prophet was designed to cater for the specific needs of the time and location; hence they were essentially temporary in nature. With the advancement and maturity of mankind God sent advanced and matured teachings suitable to their time. God’s guidance for human race commenced through Adam (peace be upon him) and reached the zenith through Mohammed (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him).

According to one saying of the prophet Mohammed the number of prophets who were chosen to convey the message of God to mankind is 124,000. The names of all of them are not mentioned anywhere. However the Holy Quran states in very clear words,

“There are no people (in the world) to whom We have not sent a Warner.” (35:25 )

Belief in all the prophets and their messages is an integral part of the belief of every Muslim. The Holy Quran states,

“This messenger of Ours believes in that which has been revealed to him from his Lord, and so do the believers; all of them believe in Allah, and in His angels, and in His Books, and in His Messengers, saying, “ƒ”¹…”We make no distinction between any of His Messengers.’ “ (2: 286)

 In prophethood all are equal but their ranks are different as is clear from the following verse of the Holy Quran,

These Messengers have We exalted some of them above others; among them there are those whom Allah spoke; and some of them He exalted in degrees of rank…’ (2:254).

 So wherever and to whichever people prophets have been sent, they are our (Muslims) prophets as well, and we hold them in great reverence. In the following pages a brief history of a few of them is given for the benefit of the reader.

The fourth fundamental article of faith in Islam, as mentioned, is belief in all the prophets. This article is in fact a logical conclusion to the third one. The same philosophy as underlies the belief in all books also necessitates belief in all the prophets. The Holy Quran speaks of the many prophets who mostly belong to the Middle Eastern line of prophethood, beginning with Adam upto the time of Muhammad, peace be upon him. But there are exceptions to the rule. There are two things which are specifically mentioned in the Quran relating to this issue:

a) Although the names and short histories of some prophets were revealed to the Holy Founder of Islam, the list is in no way exhaustive. They are just specimen names, and there are a large number of prophets do not find mention in the Quran.

b) In the list of prophets who are specifically mentioned, there are certain names which do not seem to belong to the prophets of Israel. Many commentators therefore are inclined to believe that they are non-Arab prophets who are included in the list just for the sake of representation of the outer world. For instance, Dhul-Kifl is one name in the list of prophets which is unheard of in the Arab or Semitic references. Some scholars seem to have traced this name to Buddha, who was of Kapeel, which was the capital of a small state situated on the border of India and Nepal. Buddha not only belonged to Kapeel, but was many a time referred to as being ‘Of Kapeel’. This is exactly what is meant by the word ‘Dhul-Kifl’. It should be remembered that the consonant ‘p’ is not present in Arabic, and the nearest one to it is ‘fa’. Hence, Kapeel transliterated into Arabic becomes Kifl.

Apart from the evidence of the Quran, there is one reference which is controversial among the commentators. There is a tradition reported from the Holy Prophet (PBUH) which speaks of an Indian prophet by name. In his words:

Kana fil hinthi nabiyyan aswathal lawni ismuhu Kahinan  – it means:

There was a prophet of God in India who was dark in colour and his name was Kahan.

 Now anyone acquainted with the history of Indian religions would immediately connect this description to Lord Krishna, who is invariably described in the Hindu literature as being dark of complexion. Also, the title Kanhaya is added to his name Krishna. Kanhaya contains the same consonants K,N,H as does the name Kahan — in no way an insignificant similarity. But whether any non-Arab prophet was mentioned by name or not is only an academic discussion. There is no denying the fact that the Holy Quran makes it incumbent on every Muslim not only to believe in all the prophets, but it also clearly informs us that in every region of the world and in every age, God did raise messengers and prophets.

This belief in principle in the truth of the founding prophets and also the minor prophets of other religions is a unique declaration of the Quran, absent in all other divine books. It throws light on the universality of creation as well as on the universality of Islam itself. If the Quranic claim that the teachings of the Quran are for the entire world is true, then it has to recognise the truth of all prophets. Otherwise the followers of so many different religions will not find any connecting bridge between themselves and Islam.

The recognition of the truth of all books and the recognition of the truth of all prophets is a revolutionary declaration which has many benefits for man as a whole. Among other things, it powerfully paves the way for inter-religious peace and harmony. How can one be at peace with the followers of other religions if one considers them to be impostors and if one monopolizes the truth only for the religious divines of one’s own faith?

It is a universal observation that the followers of various religions tend to know very little about the doctrinal aspects of their own religions. It is the ordained priesthood or other leaders who seem to be the custodians of religious knowledge, and it is to them that the common people turn when they stand in need of religious guidance. Such people are far more sensitive to the question of the honour of their prophets and divines than they are even on the issue of God and His honour.

Apart from Islam, none of the divine books of religions bear testimony to the truth of the founders of other religions. The absence of any recognition of the truth of prophets other than their own has insulated religions from one another, each one claiming to monopolise truth, each viewing the prophets of other religions as impostors. Although in every day life we do not find this expressed in such strong terms, the hard reality remains, that if the followers of any religion take their beliefs seriously, they have to consider all other religions to be false, even at their sources. It is impossible to conceive a Christian, a true believer in Christianity as he understands it today, who would testify to the truth of Buddha, Krishna and Zoroaster. Particularly, the Christian stance against the Holy Prophet (PBUH) of Islam is exactly the one mentioned above; they have to denounce him as an impostor, otherwise the only alternative for them is to become Muslims. The orientalists discussing this subject have always maintained this position very clearly, many among them having gone to the extent of showing undisguised hostility towards the founder of Islam on the premise that he had to be false. The same applies to other religions alike.

Although in everyday life we do not come across such glaring examples of discourtesy and insult, but whether one keeps one’s views to oneself or expresses them openly, the barrier still remains. It is evident from this that the followers of all religions have compartmentalised themselves against all others, and the barrier between truth and falsehood, right or wrong does succeed in preventing the religious harmony so much needed by man today.

Of course, there are very civilized and educated Christians in the world, who out of courtesy would not offend the sensibilities of Muslims by denouncing the Holy Prophet (PBUH) of Islam as an impostor. However the Christians, in accordance with their beliefs, have no option but to reject the truth of the founder of Islam. In the case of a Muslim however, it is a completely different story. When he speaks of Jesus Christ or Moses or Krishna or Buddha with veneration and love, he does so because he has no other option. It is a part of the fundamental article of his faith to extend not just a human courtesy, but to genuinely believe in their truth and honour. In the light of this, this article of faith appears to hold an importance of global scale. It establishes inter- religious peace and harmony and genuinely creates an atmosphere of mutual trust and love. Like the Unity of God it holds the intrinsic quality of being irreplaceable — there is no alternative.

The Founder of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community (Jama’at) – the Promised Messiah, Hazrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad of Qadian, has summarized the Islamic belief in other prophets as follows:

One of the principles which forms the basis of my belief refers to the established religions of the world. These religions have met with wide acceptance in various regions of the earth. They have acquired a measure of age, and have reached a stage of maturity. God has informed me that none of these religions were false at their source and none of the prophets impostors.

This is a beautiful principle, which promotes peace and harmony, and which lays the foundation for reconciliation, and which helps the moral condition of man. All prophets that have appeared in the world, regardless of whether they dwelt in India or Persia or China, or in some other country, we believe in the truth of them, one and all.

 With the establishment of this fact that there had to be prophets all over the world in all ages who originated from God, the stage seems to be set for a universal prophet. The acceptance of a universal prophet requires a reciprocity. When you expect others to believe in someone you consider to be true, it would certainly help if you bear witness to the truth of such holy people in whom the other party has unshakeable faith.

Islam therefore lays down the foundation for the universality of a single prophet. As such the claim of the Quran — that the Holy Prophet (PBUH) was raised not only for Arabia but for the whole of mankind — is founded on a sound philosophy. We find mention in every religion of a utopian future or golden age when all mankind would be brought under the one flag. But there does not seem to be any foundation laid for the unification of man in his beliefs and dogmas. It was for the first time in the history of religion that Islam paved the way for a universal religion by the declaration that all the people of the world, at different times, were blessed with the advent of divine messengers.

According to the Holy Quran, the institution of prophethood is universal and timeless. There are two terms used to indicate the same office, each with slightly different connotations. The term An-Nabi has the connotation of prophecy. Those whom God chooses to represent Him are implanted with the knowledge of certain important events regarding the future. They are also told of things past, which were unknown to the people, and his knowledge of them stand as a sign of his being informed by an All-Knowing Being. Prophecy as such establishes the truth of the prophets, so that people may submit to them and accept their message.

The second term used in connection with prophets, is Al-Rasool or Messenger. This refers to such contents of the prophet’s revelation as deal with important messages to be delivered to mankind on God’s behalf. Those messages could be speaking of a new code of law, or they could simply be admonishing people for their past lapses in reference to previous revealed laws.

Both these functions unite in a single person, and as such all prophets can be termed as messengers, and all messengers as prophets.

According to Islam, all prophets are human beings and none bear superhuman characteristics. Wherever some miracles are attributed to prophets, which are understood to indicate their superhuman character, the categorical and clear statements of the Quran reject such a notion. Raising of the dead is one of such miracles attributed to certain prophets. Although similar descriptions are found in many divine scriptures or religious books, according to the Quran they are not meant to be taken literally, but have a metaphorical connotation. For instance, it is attributed to Jesus (peace be on him) that he raised the dead into a new life. But the Holy Quran speaks of the Holy Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) in the same terms, with the same words being applied to his miracle of spiritual revival. Similar is the case of creating birds out of clay and causing them to fly in the name of God. These birds are only human beings who are bestowed with the faculty of spiritual flight, as against the earthly people.

No prophet is granted an exceptionally long term of life which makes him distinctly different and above the brotherhood of prophets to which he belongs. Nor is any prophet mentioned as having risen bodily to remote recesses of the universe. Wherever there is such mention, it is spiritual ascent which is meant, not bodily ascent, which the Quran categorically declares is against the character of prophets. When the Holy Founder of Islam was required by the People of the Book to physically ascend to heaven and bring back a book, the answer which God taught him was simply this:

Say to them: ‘My Lord is far above (such childish conduct). I am no more than a human being and a prophet.’ Holy Qur’an – Surah Bani-Israel (Ch. 17: V.94)

 This answer rejects all claims about other prophets who are understood to have ascended physically to heaven. The argument implied in this answer is that no human being and no prophet can rise bodily to heaven, otherwise the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) could also have repeated the same miracle. The emphasis on the human characteristics of prophets and their human limitations is one of the most beautiful features of fundamental Islamic teachings. Prophets rise above their fellow human beings not because they were gifted with superhuman qualities, but only because they gave a better account of the qualities that they had been gifted with. They remained human despite having ascended to great spiritual heights, and their conduct as such is inimitable by other human beings.

On the issue of continuity of prophecy, Islam categorically declares the Holy Prophet (PBUH) of Islam to be the last of the law- bearing prophets and the Quran to be the last Divine book of law, perfected and protected till the end of time. Obviously a book which is perfect and also protected from interpolation transcends alteration. No change is warranted on both counts. As long as a book is perfect and protected from human interpolation, no change is justified.

As far as prophecy other than law-bearing prophecy is concerned, the possibility of its continuity is clearly mentioned in the Quran. Again there are clear prophecies about such divine Founder of Islam and the Holy Book  – the Quran. The following verse of Surah Al-Nisa leaves no ambiguity about this:

And whoso obeys Allah and this Messenger of His shall be among those on whom Allah has bestowed His blessings, namely, the Prophets, the Truthful, the Martyrs, and the Righteous. Surah Al-Nisa (Ch. 4: V.70)

 In short, Islam is declared in the Quran to be the last perfected religion for the benefit of mankind, after which no new teaching would be revealed to annul the teachings of Islam, nor would a new independent prophet be born outside the domain of Islam; any new prophet would be completely subordinate to the Holy Prophet Muhammad (PBUH).

The prophets always came to deliver a message. That message was not confined to the areas of beliefs, but also covered the areasre of practices and implementation of the beliefs. The teachings are divided into two large categories:

1 How to improve one’s relationship with God.

2. How to conduct oneself in relation to one’s fellow human beings.

These two categories in fact cover all aspects of religious laws. We cannot enter into a lengthy discussion of how this task is carried out to perfection in Islam, but perhaps it would be appropriate to illustrate a few important features of this teaching of universal character.

12 Responses to “ISLAM ENJOINS TO BELIEVE IN ALL THE PROPHETS”

  1. Ancient Sinhalaya Says:

    BS
    Afganisthan
    pakisthan
    iraq
    saudi arabia
    iran
    egypt
    bahrain
    heavens on earth?
    Bs, bs, bs!

  2. Ratanapala Says:

    If Islam believe in all the prophets – what was the reason for the carnage of Buddhist heritage in Afghanista, Pakistan and India?
    We are much happier if you can keep your Allah to yourself. Buddhists do not believe in any almighties and please don’t insult with your morals!

  3. Lorenzo Says:

    Prophets of violence or puppets of violence?

  4. Lorenzo Says:

    Why

    Chechnya
    Palestine
    Bosnia
    Bali
    Bangladesh
    Albania
    Libya
    Syria
    Kashmir

    What heavans!!

    BLISS!!

  5. S.Gonsalkorale Says:

    Islamania = Korania = Violence and only violence.
    All other are cover-ups similar to Gonibilla dress which covers everything , inside smelly.

  6. Nesta Says:

    Those who comments untill now, unfortunately, they have not realized what author says. A pity condition indeed.

  7. Lorenzo Says:

    It is MOST UNFORTUNATE the author has quoted from the SAME GREEN BOOK that Kadafi, Osama, Arafart, Ahmadinajacket, Idi Amin, etc. quoted.

    One prophet (PBUH) killed people in war and led armies to kill, etc. in Medina, etc.

    Remember his name (PBUH)?

    If you can think wisely without CIRCULAR THINKING we can get somewhere.

    Why should we believe Koran?
    ||
    ||
    \/
    Because Allah (PBUH) said so.
    ||
    ||
    \/
    Who said Allah (PBUH) said so?
    ||
    ||
    \/
    The Koran says so.
    ||
    ||
    \/
    Why should we believe Koran?
    ||
    ||
    \/
    Because Allah (PBUH) said so.

    (The vicious cycle continues.)

    I tried this in EXCEL but it doesn’t work.
    The missile exit speed required is X MACS (unknown).
    Target distance Projectile (X) horizontal adjust for wind speed.
    Target acquisition speed Projectile (X) vertical adjusted for wind speed acceleration adjusted for gravity.
    The speed with which the target is hit = Y MACS (unknown) which equals Target acquisition speed calculated above using X.
    Calculate X and Y.

    Circular reference!! Excel crashes.

    There should be some FACT not just a belief to base something upon.

    No wonder Islamics’ missiles follow circular reference and HIT them BACK!

  8. S.Gonsalkorale Says:

    Circular reference is found in other religions too (Bible). However their misses are firing until x= 5000 km or more, regardless of wind speed Ws.
    Muslims should study other religions, specially Judaism to learn how to operate missiles properly. Unfortunately Sinhala Buddhist cannot help, so those Isla- maniacs should migrate to Saudi and try and spy their Jewish brothers.

  9. rohanana Says:

    Abdul, your Allah is the last god to the world. Indians are the first to believe in God and then others followed e.g. Jews, Christians etc. If God is the same why do Allah have to create a divisive religion like Islam? Why not he/she ask you people to follow Judaism or Christianity or Hindu Gods (as Mecca was the site of the Hindu Kovil) as its God is the same. This only proves Allah wants to divide humans, hate each other based on religion, and kill each other, e.g. Muslims/muslims and Muslims/other religions. How come “almighty Allah” is powerless to stop these carnages? After all he/she created these humans but please remember NOT THE BUDDHISTS. How come Allah give 78 virgins for criminals who dies for Islam even killing babies as long as it is in the name of Allah? How come so powerful almighty Allah the creator/kind thing allow innocent babies are born completely disabled/disfigured etc? Why take revenge on unborn babies? Something I can’t understand is why Allah selected uneducated man who can’t read/write, who killed humans and other atrocities as Prophet and let him be poisoned by a Jews woman and suffer on his death bed? Was Allah angry with Muhamad for it to happen? These are something I can’t figure out in my small brain, probably Allah don’t want me to have a intelligent brain. Please answer wisely than give me rubbish unintelligent answers. I have many more questions but I know Islam says not to question but accept everything Koran says like blind people or else they will be enemies of the Islam, but I believe things based on evidence.

  10. Ancient Sinhalaya Says:

    These people have no shame to come out and say these bs. Turn on a TV, you see violence in paksthan, afganisthan, iraq, egypt, syria. All these countries are robbed from Buddhists by multiplying and overwhelming the natives. Look at the plight of those people now. Hell on earth. Still these people have the nerve to say look what an amazing religion is this? Nobody else believe in this bs.
    The problem is multiplying. Start wearing some rubber. Multiply, multiply! We all fight for resources in a overcrowded world. So trouble starts. That’s nature. If too many people, nature gives you disease, natural disasters or war. There you have it! Population control.
    Stop multiplying. Believe in a real relgion. Founder wasn’t a pious man. It is difficult to expect the believers to be any better. After all this ‘religion of peace’ came after all the religions. And it is a mix of all the religion. Copy bit of that, bit of this. Spread throughout the world by multiplying. Now they are reaping the benefits. No fans outside their mad religion!

  11. Sooriarachi Says:

    Why are the people of other faiths prohibited from practicing their religion in Middle Eastern Muslim countries? The only other sect that prohibits the practice of other religions today are the Evangelists. If the Middle Eastern Muslims are correct to prohibit other religions, then, are the Western sponsored Evangelists also correct? Re they both wrong?

  12. rohanana Says:

    Nesta, as usual you are avoiding the important questions of Allah and relevant to the answers as Abdul in this article says “Our universe and all that it contains is the creation of Allah” and therefore, all these questions raised are very much relevant. I have also asked questions and could you or anyone of your Mullahs reply to it. That is the least you can do to educate we ignorant people about this Allah, his/her representative murderous Muhamad (PBH), Koran, Hadith and the Sunnis/Shietts other 76 sects who is killing each other. Come on I challenge you or any Muslim to teach us. We are allowed to learn other religions and then make our minds what is best for us and not because of somebody who copied bits and pieces of Judaism, Christianity and Hinduism. Islam has bits and pieces of all these religions and added the revenge and killing into it. Am I wrong Nesta? If you challenge I will prove with Koran as I keep a copy with me. Common be brave for once Nesta.

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