UK and US disciple Sri Lanka – Why nudged to slaughter house in Geneva?
Posted on February 13th, 2014

By Wendell W Solomons

Top-down reforms led Sri Lanka into becoming a follower of the economic doctrine proposed by US President Ronald Reagan. The reforms were imposed vigorously by a prot©g© when he was elected into leadership office in Sri Lanka. J R Jayewardene had struggled for this office in the island for a quarter century after he was hand-picked to serve as an asset in 1952. US State Secretary John Foster Dulles made newspaper history when he chose Jayewardene of an island in the distant Indian Ocean to speak from rostrum at the San Francisco Peace Conference.

J R J was found to be an extremist in his party because he was discovered offering US Republican party line solutions and he earned the nick-name Yankee Dick. That was a drop in the ocean because the State Secretary had unwittingly chosen a man who belonged in the family of a spy who betrayed the last sovereign of the country to the US’s predecessors. This spy was rewarded with an officially gazetted land grant and a prestigious title.


James Wolfensohn, President of the World Bank

So J R J could open the annals of intrigue as he fought to rise between 1952 and 1977 firstly, to take over as head of his political party.

Secondly, he had to dominate all factions of the major political party at Independence and campaign at elections for himself as head of state.

This helps explain the way in which this personality imposed with a vengeance the then official US development policy of neoliberalism in Sri Lanka.

* * *

Cambridge economist Ha-Joon Chang in his book, ‘Bad Samaritans,’ offers a succinct solution to the puzzle: Neoliberalism didn’t work because the advice it gave made no sense. In thrall to the “myth of free trade,” Chang argues, neoliberals ignored the “secret history of capitalism”: If developing countries’ embrace of the free market has failed to deliver what it promised, it’s because “free markets are not good at promoting economic development.”

This is, to say the least, a conclusion that most economists would find less than credible, at least in such a blunt formulation. But Chang sets out to prove it by retelling the history of economic development. As he sees it, the dominant economic powers of the past two centuries – Great Britain and the United States – succeeded not because they let the free market reign but because they didn’t. The US, from the days of Alexander Hamilton, used tariffs to protect “infant industries” by keeping prices on imports high. The tariffs made domestic products more attractive, giving the producers a chance to develop. Great Britain, meanwhile, did adopt a policy of almost unrestricted trade in the mid-nineteenth century, but Chang argues that it did so only after using tight restrictions on imports to become the world’s leading industrial power.

Was the breakdown into civil war a singular experience of Sri Lanka?

Neoliberal policy was recommended to Russia. It sparked off economic chaos and then wars.

Today the Ukraine simmers.

On 13 August 1998, the Russian stock, bond, and currency markets collapsed as a result of fears from investors that the government would devalue the ruble, default on domestic debt, or both. Annual yields on the ruble denominated bonds were more than 200 percent. The stock market had to be closed for 35 minutes as prices plummeted. When this happened, it was down 65 percent with a small number of shares actually traded. From January to August 1998 the stock market had lost more than 75 percent of its value, 39 percent in the month of May alone.

Crisis and effects

On 17 August 1998, the Russian government devalued the ruble, defaulted on domestic debt, and declared a moratorium on payment to foreign creditors.

The head of the World Bank saw the disturbance of 17 August 1998 and informed his governors’ meeting that policy cannot be guided by “fads or ideologies of the day.”



James Wolfensohn

”What we can do here and now is this: We can identify what needs to be done. We can recognize the problems. We can clarify our objectives. We can work to reach consensus. The problems are too big, their consequences too important, to be guided by the pat answers of the past, or the fads or ideologies of the day. We must make a collective commitment to join together to build something better. We must make a collective commitment to join together to build something better.”

Bosnia’s failed privatizations key cause of unrest

SARAJEVO, Bosnia-Herzegovina (AP) ”” In the worst unrest since Bosnia’s terrible civil war two decades ago, buildings have been set ablaze and the presidency has been put under siege. But the trouble this time is economic ”” not ethnic.

When Bosnia abandoned communism about two decades ago, officials devised a plan to privatize state-owned companies in a way they hoped would avoid mass layoffs for state workers. It was supposed to be a smooth transition after the 1992-1995 war that left 100,000 dead and devastated the country’s infrastructure.

Excerpts from: “From Third World to First – The Singapore Story: 1965-2000”

Memoirs of Lee Kuan Yew


In Oct 1966, on my way back from a prime ministers’ conference in London, I visited Colombo to meet Prime Minister Dudley Senanayake. He was a gentle if resigned and fatalistic elderly man.

At dinner, a wise and sad-looking elderly Sinhalese explained that what had happened was inevitable with popular elections. The Sinhalese wanted to be the dominant race; they wanted to take over from the British as managers in the tea and coconut plantations, and from the Tamils who were the senior civil servants. They had to go through this tragedy of making Sinhalese the official language for which they had paid dearly, translating everything from English into Sinhalese and Tamil, a slow and unwieldy process.

Compare Western post-Independence interventions in Singapore and Sri Lanka

The World Bank report of 1952 made Sri Lanka’s government force local professionals into dummies corner. It insisted on interventions to hold back economic growth just as in most emergent nations. Through a horse deal between US State Secretary John Foster Dulles and PM Lee Kwan Yew, Singapore was allowed to beat Britain for per capita GNP.

Part of the horse deal (not mentioned in Lee Kwan Yew’s memoirs) was the transfer of Colombo’s strategic East-West port activity and revenue to Singapore.

John Foster Dulles who became State Secretary at age 62 after long serving the financial City of London in skullduggery, selected Ferdinand Marcos for the Philippines, the Shah for Iran  and J R Jayewardene or Sri Lanka as his assets. He arrived in Colombo when advised to meet and decided that JRJ would serve to speak in support of the US position at the 1952 San Francisco Peace Conference.

Among other items of business that were transacted by the two men was the sale of JRJ’s grandmother Helena’s then unsellable house beside a railway line on a receding sea shore, for use by the new US diplomats as an embassy. Salt is still washed off cars to protect them from rusting on the property that is still maintained at cost to the US tax payer for half a century now.

UK Economist journal viewed Sri Lanka as model democracy in 1977 – then entered Reaganomics


July 30, 1977


It can be done; Mr. Jayawardene’s sweeping victory keeps Sri Lanka at the top of Asia’s democratic league table

For the sixth time since it became independent in 1948, Sri Lanka has changed its government by the simple but, it seemed until recently, increasingly unfashionable method of holding a general election. The island that used to be known as Ceylon is one of the few countries in post-imperial Asia which have been able to create a democratic system; it is the only one which has known an orderly alternation of ruling parties.

Full UK report

Meet Your ‘Choice Architect’

By Julie Schmidt


Richard Thaler and Cass Sunstein released Nudge in 2008. Sunstein, a law professor from Harvard, is hailed as having “the quintessential University of Chicago habit of mind.” Which translates as being “social scientists at heart, contrarian but empirical, following evidence to logical extremes. They are centrally interested not in what it is like to be an individual within society but in how society washes over individuals, making and remaking them.” This “remaking” is accomplished through what they term, “choice architecture,” defined as:

Decision makers do not make choices in a vacuum. They make them in an environment where many features, noticed and unnoticed, can influence their decisions. The person who creates that environment is, in our terminology, a choice architect. The goal of Nudge is to show how choice architecture can be used to helpnudge people to make better choices (as judged by themselves) without forcing certain outcomes upon anyone, a philosophy we call libertarian paternalism. The tools highlighted are: defaults, expecting error, understanding mappings, giving feedback, structuring complex choices, and creating incentives

How nice. It sort of reminds me of how cattle appear to have a “choice” regarding which will go first as they are politely nudged down the chute toward the slaughterhouse
Before the meetings in Geneva, the government in Sri Lanka continues preparing for elections at home when the Opposition has no alternative, popular leaders. So elections will bring back the government. Human rights violations have ensued in wars and Sri Lanka civil war would not have been an exception However, the civil war was set off during the period when a Sri Lankan political party, the UNP, intensely followed Western neoliberals. Therefore remonstration by the West will appear as blaming the patient for wrong medicine recommended by doctors of the West.

That wars are also found to create profiteers has never been explored despite the money spent on committees and visiting delegations to investigate Sri Lanka’s current government. The war profiteer billionaires of Sri Lanka’s include a key octopus-like clan which sumptuously feeds, hidden behind an ink screen of media. The billionaires await discovery as happened in New York in the case of Raj Rajaratnam,

So the patient who takes the doctor’s medicine has been set on track for another round of blame in Geneva. Flaws of logic have been created. Do you sense that the beneficiaries of the wasteful fight set up for lawmakers of several nations include those who want to send the lawmakers astray and keep to themselves a treasury of three decades of blood money extracted for the clan’s use?

Additional references –

Can people be shrunk like bonsai

Mahathir dazzles on development

Your magic carpet ride to destitution

6 Responses to “UK and US disciple Sri Lanka – Why nudged to slaughter house in Geneva?”

  1. Ratanapala Says:

    This is the same thing that happened to Gadaffi. He was wooed first in the latter days of his life and then killed like a pig! Those who follow the Western Christian dictats should beware.

  2. Mr. Bernard Wijeyasingha Says:

    Neither the US nor the UK really practiced the free market economics of Capitalism. In the US the farming sector is heavily subsidized by the Federal government, Unions like the Mafia are economic barriers to progress as their leaders demand more and more for their members.

    Both the US and the UK have a mixed economic system with many shades of Socialistic gray. Both nations have effectively used tariffs on imports and both nations have bailed out corporations who because of their own decisions have gone bankrupt. In the case of the US these corporations not only were bailed out during the years 2008 to 2012 but they came back for more bail outs once they failed to rectify their problems from the first bailouts.

    Regarding Great Britain socialism started with the Atley government that replaced Prime Minister Churchill and was responsible in first splitting India before giving her the independence she demanded. This socialistic economy almost bankrupted Great Britain till Margaret Thatcher was elected and like the US President Reagan, she saved the economy. She took on the labor Unions, strengthened the British pound, cut welfare, strengthened the military, and decentralized Socialism. That ushered in a period of prosperity. Then she was replaced by a liberal government who reversed most of what she had done. Great Britain regressed to a socialist state whose effects are now being felt.

    Regarding the US the height of our economy was after World war 2 when the returning soldiers were absorbed in a growing economy. That economy grew exponentially with the introduction pay-per-plan programs that allowed the American consumer to buy practically everything; from cars to furniture, refrigerators, and other household utensils, air conditioners, to houses. The age of the suburbs were born It was during the early 50’s that the US started the gargantuan program of building her highways, mainly for the rapid deployment of the military since at that time there wasn’t enough of cars to justify such a program.

    I was in the 1960s that government programs such as the Social security system, Medicare etc. was being pilfered. Money meant for those programs were channeled elsewhere and monies already in those programs were used for other purposes. The slow but steady decline of the US economy started. It culminated when President Nixon opened up relations with China in 1979 and set the part for he whole scale export of our industrial and manufacturing base.
    Now under President Obama Socialism/communism has taken full root. With a debt of 17 trillion and climbing and a total debt of 63 trillion dollars when unfunded liabilities are included our economy cannot be sustained.

    Google “US national debt clock real time” and look at all the red numbers, they are pure debt. Recently the Congress approved another debt increase of Trillion dollars.

  3. Lorenzo Says:


    There is another side of the debt.

    MOST of it is held by Chinese entities. That forces China not to push US economy too low or confront USA.

    DEFAULTING these to the Chinese is a WIN-WIN for USA and a LOSE-LOSE for China. Without delay China should DIVEST its investments in USA. WHEN US economy collapses like 1920s, it will be HELL! No one would want to be close to them.

  4. Ananda-USA Says:

    Jayawewa! As I had predicted previously, Russia has UNEQUIVOCALLY DECLARED it will defend Sri Lanka against the US’s resolution at the UN demonizing Sri Lanka!

    This tactic is BACKFIRING on the US which is INCREASINGLY being recognized by the citizens of the world as the WORST OFFENDER against human rights and PERPETRATOR of war crimes, and their policy is being recognized as a Outrageous Tactic to deployed Over and Over again to advance their NeoColonialist Agenda throughout the world !

    This OVERT LEGACY of the Bush Administration has metamorphosed into the COVERT LEGACY of the Obama Administration! Despite the difference in the Sheepskins, the ravenous Wolf hiding below remains the same, and is pursuing the same criminal agenda!

    Russia, with Vladimir Putin at the helm, is proving to be a bulwark for vulnerable nations around the world against the excesses of the world’s self-appointed champion of “democracy and human rights” wielding these double-standards aloft to undermine sovereign nations and advance its own hegemony!

    Long Live Russia! The Defender of the Innocents!

    Russia will support Sri Lanka against US-resolution

    ColomboPage News Desk, Sri Lanka.

    Feb 14, Colombo: Russia on Friday said that it will support Sri Lanka against a resolution sponsored by the US and other Western nations for an international probe into alleged war crimes in the final phase of the three-decade long war against the Tamil Tiger terrorists.

    A visiting senior Russian diplomat said today that Russia has come to the state of officially supporting Sri Lanka at the forthcoming United Nations Human Rights Council Session in Geneva next month.

    Addressing a media briefing in Colombo, the Director of the Department of Humanitarian Cooperation and Human Rights of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Russia Anatoly Victorov said the attempts to impose an international inquiry into the allegations of war crimes would be counterproductive.

    He said that Sri Lanka’s war situation could not be compared by any means to the situation existed in Rwanda.

    The Russian official said the topic of human rights has been politicized extremely in the international political arena and the human rights issue in a country should not become a reason to meddle in the internal affairs of a country.

    He said Sri Lanka is a confidant of Russia, which is one of the five permanent members in the UN Security Council and a member of the UNHRC, and the two countries maintain a similar stance on issues in the international fora despite the differences in political and cultural aspects.

    Another permanent member of the UN Security Council, China also has opposed the resolution to bring an international inquiry against Sri Lanka and offered support to the Sri Lankan government in safeguarding national independence, sovereignty and territorial integrity.

    China said that people in Sri Lanka have the wisdom and capacity to manage their internal affairs and opposed some countries’ interference in Sri Lanka’s domestic affairs under the pretext of the human rights issue.

    The US says it is not pleased with the Sri Lankan government’s progress in addressing the accountability issue and human right violations and the international community’s patience is wearing thin.

    The US with the co-sponsorship of the UK has decided to table a third resolution building up on the two previous resolutions it sponsored and adopted by the UNHRC2012 and 2013.

    UK Prime Minister has vowed to use Britain’s position in the UNHRC to see to get the resolution adapted at the council’s 25th session beginning on March 04.

  5. Ananda-USA Says:

    WOW! Read this … It is Truly Frightening how DESTRUCTIVE a Force the USA is becoming, and why the left-wing Obama Adminstration is as bad as the right-wing Bush Administration it replaced!

    Caught Red Handed

    Secret Tape Reveals US-backed Plot to Topple Ukraine’s Democratically-Elected President

    By Mike Whitney
    “Information Clearing House – “Counterpunch”

    February 12, 2014

    “In the latest debacle for the US State Department and the Obama Administration, US Assistant Secretary of State Victoria Nuland was caught on tape micro-managing Ukraine opposition party strategies with US Ambassador to Ukraine, Geoffrey Pyatt. That the Ukraine regime-change operation is to some degree being directed from Washington can no longer be denied….The taped conversation demonstrates in clear detail that while Secretary of State John Kerry decries any foreign meddling in Ukraine’s internal affairs, his State Department is virtually managing the entire process.”

    – Daniel McAdams, “‘F**k the EU’: Tape Reveals US Runs Ukraine Opposition“, Ron Paul Institute

    Washington is at it again, up to its old tricks.

    You’d think that after the Afghanistan and Iraq fiascos someone on the policymaking team would tell the fantasists to dial-it-down a bit. But, no. The Obama claque is just as eager to try their hand at regime change as their predecessors, the Bushies. This time the bullseye is on Ukraine, the home of the failed Orange Revolution, where US NGOs fomented a populist coup that brought down the government and paved the way for years of social instability, economic hardship and, eventually, a stronger alliance with Moscow.

    That sure worked out well, didn’t it? One can only wonder what Obama has in mind for an encore.

    Let’s cut to the chase: The US still clings to the idea that it can dominate the world with its ham-fisted military (that hasn’t won a war in 60 years) its scandalized Intel agencies, its comical Rambo-style “Special Ops” teams, and its oh-so-brilliant global strategists who think the days of the nation-state will soon be over hastening the onset of the glorious New World Order. Right. Ukraine is a critical part of that pipe dream, er, strategy which is why the US media puts demonstrations in Kiev in the headlines while similar protests in the US are consigned to the back pages just below the dog food ads. In any event, the crisis is likely to intensify in the months ahead as Washington engages in a no-holds-barred tug-o-war with Moscow over the future of civilization.

    For bigwig strategists, like Zbigniew Brzezinski, Ukraine is a war that Washington must win to maintain its position as the world’s only superpower. As he sees it, the US must establish outposts throughout Eurasia to diminish Russia’s influence, control China, and capitalize off the new century’s fastest growing region. Here’s how Brzezinski sums it up in Foreign Affairs in an article titled “A Geostrategy for Eurasia”:

    “America’s emergence as the sole global superpower now makes an integrated and comprehensive strategy for Eurasia imperative…Eurasia is home to most of the world’s politically assertive and dynamic states. All the historical pretenders to global power originated in Eurasia. The world’s most populous aspirants to regional hegemony, China and India, are in Eurasia, as are all the potential political or economic challengers to American primacy…

    Eurasia is the world’s axial supercontinent. A power that dominated Eurasia would exercise decisive influence over two of the world’s three most economically productive regions, Western Europe and East Asia. A glance at the map also suggests that a country dominant in Eurasia would almost automatically control the Middle East and Africa…

    What happens with the distribution of power on the Eurasian landmass will be of decisive importance to America’s global primacy and historical legacy.” ( “A Geostrategy for Eurasia”, Zbigniew Brzezinski, Foreign Affairs, 1997)

    Okay, so the not-so-subtle Brzezinski is telling US policymakers that if they want to rule the world, they’ve got to take over Eurasia. That’s pretty clear. It’s the Great Game all over again and Ukraine is one of the biggest trophies, which is why the US has allied itself to all kinds crackpot, rightwing groups that are stirring up trouble in Kiev. It’s because Washington will stop at nothing to achieve its objectives. Of course, there’s nothing new about any of this. The US frequently supports violent, far-right organizations if their interests coincide. Here’s a little background on the topic from Eric Draitser in an article in CounterPunch titled “Ukraine and the Rebirth of Fascism”:

    “In an attempt to pry Ukraine out of the Russian sphere of influence, the US-EU-NATO alliance has, not for the first time, allied itself with fascists. Of course, for decades, millions in Latin America were disappeared or murdered by fascist paramilitary forces armed and supported by the United States. The mujahideen of Afghanistan, which later transmogrified into Al Qaeda, also extreme ideological reactionaries, were created and financed by the United States for the purposes of destabilizing Russia. And of course, there is the painful reality of Libya and, most recently Syria, where the United States and its allies finance and support extremist jihadis against a government that has refused to align with the US and Israel. There is a disturbing pattern here that has never been lost on keen political observers: the United States always makes common cause with right wing extremists and fascists for geopolitical gain.” (Ukraine and the rebirth of Fascism“, Eric Draitser, CounterPunch)

    Death squads here, jihadis there; what difference does it make to the big shots in Washington?

    Not much, apparently.

    But, wait, what’s all this talk about the US being on the side of anti-Semites and fascists in Ukraine? Is that true?

    It sure looks that way. In fact, there was a funny story in the World Socialist Web Site about Assistant Secretary of State Victoria “Fuck the EU” Nuland which shows how far these people will go to achieve their objectives. In this case, Nuland, who — according to the WSWS — is “the grand-daughter of Jewish immigrants who fled to America to escape pogroms in Tsarist Russia”…was seen “handing out cookies in Maidan square to Svoboda thugs who venerate the mass murderers of Hitler’s SS.” (“Leaked phone call on Ukraine lays bare Washington’s gangsterism“, Bill Van Auken, World Socialist Web Site)

    Nice, eh? So Vickie was having a little snacktime with guys who’d probably shove a knife in her back if they were given half a chance. That’s what you call dedication. By the way, Nuland’s “husband is Robert Kagan, the right-wing foreign policy pundit who served as the founding chairman of the Project for a New American Century, the neo-conservative Washington think tank that played a key role in the political and ideological preparation for the wars against Iraq and Afghanistan.”

    The fact that Obama and Co. are directly involved in this latest would-be coup, doesn’t surprise anyone. According to a recent poll conducted by the All-Russian Public Opinion Research Center, “almost a half (45%) of Russian citizens think that protests in Ukraine have been provoked by Western special services.” By “special services” we presume the survey’s authors mean US Intel agencies and US-funded NGOs which have a long history of poking their noses in other country’s affairs. Here’s a statement by Rep Ron Paul in 2004 to the US House International Relations Committee which helps to throw a little light on the issue:

    “It is clear that a significant amount of US taxpayer dollars went to support one candidate in Ukraine. …. What we do not know, however, is just how much US government money was spent to influence the outcome of the Ukrainian election.

    Dozens of organizations are granted funds under the PAUCI program alone, (Poland-America-Ukraine Cooperation Initiative, which is administered by the US-based Freedom House.) and this is only one of many programs that funneled dollars into Ukraine. We do not know how many millions of US taxpayer dollars the National Endowment for Democracy (NED) sent to Ukraine through NED’s National Democratic Institute and International Republican Institute. Nor do we know how many other efforts, overt or covert, have been made to support one candidate over the other in Ukraine.

    That is what I find so disturbing: there are so many cut-out organizations and sub-grantees that we have no idea how much US government money was really spent on Ukraine, and most importantly how it was spent.” (“What has the NED done in Ukraine?“, Ron Paul, Lew Rockwell)

    The fact is, the USG gives away tons of money to all types of shady groups who carry out their agenda. As far as Ukraine is concerned, we actually have a better idea of the money that’s been spent than Paul thinks. Check out this video of Nuland addressing various industry groups and admitting that, “Since the declaration of Ukrainian independence in 1991, the United States supported the Ukrainians in the development of democratic institutions and skills in promoting civil society and a good form of government…We have invested more than 5 billion dollars to help Ukraine to achieve these and other goals.” (“Washington’s cloned female warmongers“, Finian Cunningham, Information Clearinghouse)

    5 billion smackers to topple a democratically-elected government in Ukraine while 8 million Americans still can’t find a damn job in the US. That tells you a lot about Obama’s priorities, doesn’t it?

    Last week’s fiasco surrounding Nuland’s leaked phone conversation has clarified what’s really going on behind the scenes. While the media has focused on Nuland’s obscenity, (“Fuck the EU”) it’s the other parts of the conversation that grabbed our attention. Here’s a brief summary by the WSWS’s Bill Van Auken:

    “The call (exposes) the criminal and imperialist character of US policy in Ukraine …What the tape makes clear, is that Washington is employing methods of international gangsterism, including violence, to effect a political coup aimed at installing a regime that is fully subordinate to US geo-strategic interests…

    The precise goal of US efforts is to shift political power into the hands of a collection of Western-aligned Ukrainian oligarchs who enriched themselves off of the private appropriation—theft—of state property carried out as part of the Stalinist bureaucracy’s dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991. In doing so, it aims to turn Ukraine into a US imperialist beachhead on the very border of Russia, whose territory it also wants to divide and subjugate to neocolonial status as part of its drive to assert American hegemony throughout the strategic landmass of Eurasia…

    Nuland makes clear that behind the scenes, Washington is dictating which leaders of the opposition…should enter the government to swing it behind Washington and what role the others will play…”(“Leaked phone call on Ukraine lays bare Washington’s gangsterism“, Bill Van Auken, World socialist Web Site)

    Same old, same old. Like we said earlier, there’s nothing new here, nothing at all. All the blabber about “democracy” is just public relations crappola. It means nothing. US elites want to trim Moscow’s wings, set up shop in Eurasia, control China’s growth, be a bigger player in the continent’s oil and natural gas markets, export its financial services model, and make as much money as possible in the 21st century’s hottest market, Asia. It’s all about profits. Profits and power.

    But then, you probably knew that already.

    Mike Whitney lives in Washington state. He is a contributor to Hopeless: Barack Obama and the Politics of Illusion (AK Press). Hopeless is also available in a Kindle edition. He can be reached at [email protected].

  6. Ananda-USA Says:

    The “Caught Red Handed” article highlights why foreign NGOs of any ilk … humanitarian, democracy building, religious ….. ad infinitum, ad nauseam … funded and controlled directly or indirectly by foreign powers, should be prevented from interfering in the internal affairs of Sri Lanka.

    Funding for promoting “good government and democracy” from the US should be REFUSED by the GOSL, and all foreign funds given to civil society organizations and political parties should be channeled through the GOSL after review for compliance with Sri Lanka’s laws and National Security imperatives.

    No doors should be left open for the Western NeoColonialists to undermine and destabilize the country in their own interest under various self-serving pretexts.

    Sri Lanka’s National Interest in ensuring the welfare of its own people, should be the PARAMOUNT, and indeed, the ONLY consideration.

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