Sri Lanka does not need hybrid courts when the culprits sit in judgement
Posted on October 10th, 2015

Shenali D Waduge

The UN keeps telling us that our local mechanisms are not good enough, our judiciary is not competent enough and our people are not good enough. Just who do these UN officials think they are pointing fingers when they can’t even put their own house in order. Sadly, we have a government that bows into submission every time a foreigner enters the scene and is ever ready to prostrate before them in agreement. Shouldn’t we be evaluating how successful these international tribunals are and more importantly ask ourselves why we should succumb to allegations that are created and promoted by the very fronts that are banned under UNSC Resolution 1373 and who are VVIP guests inside the UN?

Special International criminal tribunals were established by the UN in Yugoslavia and Rwanda. In 2003 the International Criminal Court was established. The ICC currently has an annual budget of over $140m (£90m) and 766 staff. Since its inception, its estimated expenditure has been around $900m (£600m).With only one completed trial to show for a decade of effort and expenditure, the ICC has faced regular criticism that it sucks

Congolese militia leader Thomas Lubanga, and argue that it has cost X millions, would be both unfair and misleading.

Special courts known as hybrid courts were created for Sierra Leone, Cambodia, East Timor and Lebanon.

ICTY – Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia

  • In May 1993 UN’s 1st war crimes court and 1st tribunal since the Nuremberg and Tokyo tribunals was created by the UN Security Council in accordance with chapter VII of the UN Charter. ICTY officially shuts down in 2016.
  • The ICTY has taken 23 years, 4500 witness testimonies, costing $2billion and only 161 indictments!
  • Legal scholar Robert Hayden says that the ICTY has spent $14m per individual trial!
  • ICTY did not take up atrocities committed by NATO. ICTY is accused of selective bias in choice of indictments and attempts to re-write history of Yugoslavia conflict.
  • ICTY was used to cover up western-influenced military policies.
  • ICTY prosecutor Carla Del Ponte declared ‘NATO is not under investigation by the Office of the Prosecutor’
  • Case against Serbian leader Milosevic went for 4 years but he died in prison in 2006 (official stand was heart attack but rifampicin was found in his blood) Milosevic was refused the right to defend himself.
  • Croatia’s top generals, Ante Gotovina and Mladen Markac, who had been convicted by the ICTY on extensive war-crimes charges relating to Croatia’s 1995 victory offensive, were acquitted on appeal and went home free men. Momcilo Perisic, who was Serbia’s top general convicted on numerous counts, he went home on appeal. Stanisic and Franko Simatovic had to be released because the 3 judges could not tie the men directly to war crimes.
  • Serbian politician Vojislav Seselji voluntarily turned himself in 2003 and for 10 years waited to be put on trial while a Bosnian Muslim General convicted of war crimes against Croats and Serbs was given a state funeral with full military honors in 2010!
  • Allegations of massacres exceeding 100,000 on ethnic Albanians was given global coverage. US FBI claimed it was the ‘largest crime scene in the FBI’s forensic history’ – funnily enough only 3000 bodies were exhumed in the ‘mass graves’ drama that hit mainstream media. Even the ICTY had to announce in 2000 that the ‘mass graves’ was only 2788 victims!

UN’s international Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR)

  • Has spent £1 billion much of it donated by Western countries including Britain and only 43 are behind bars!
  • 20 years of arguments, It took 8 years to find 2 guilty of inciting genocide in 2011 after their arrest in 1999 but the Tribunal’s appeal judges threw out their convictions because of ‘errors’ in the initial judgement. So much for competency that Zeid was boasting about! 12 others indicted have also been freed.
  • The cost per person for the court’s 92 indictees is higher than £11 million each. The victims believe that instead of these trials the money could have been given to the victims directly.
  • The ICTR promised in 1994 to indict 700 politicians, government officials, priests (The pastor of a Pentecostal church in Kent, Celestin Mutabaruka, is alleged to have led Hutu militias, armed with spears and machetes, that hacked Tutsis to death and gouged their eyes out) and journalists accused of orchestrating the genocide when 800,000 people were killed in 100 days. 700 became 300 and then just 92 people. Noteworthy is that Jean Kambanda the ex-PM pleaded guilty to genocide.
  • The informal courts ran for about 10 years, between 2002 and 2012 and some 1.9 million people appeared before locally elected judges. Rwanda’s president, Paul Kagame, estimated that gacaca courts had cost his country about $40m, compared to the $1.7bn spent by the ICTR. http://www.theguardian.com/world/2014/apr/02/rwanda-genocide-fight-justice

Cambodia

  • There was much hype about ‘appalling genocide’ but after 8 years and spending $200million only 5 indictments were served and only 1 convicted. So much for justice!
  • The mainstream newspapers called it Cambodia’s Killing Fields with allegations of 1.7million slaughtered by the Khmer Rouge in the mid-1970s by Pol Pot.
  • In 2006 the UN created Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia to investigate crimes against humanity formed as a hybrid tribunal comprising international and domestic law and proceedings heard by foreign and Cambodian judges.

Special Court for Sierra Leone

  • Sierra Leone became independent in 1961 after 153 years of colonial occupation. UN established a Peace Keeping Mission in 1999 but collapsed in 2000 and led to the military intervention by UK & UN deployment.
  • Special Court for Sierra Leone was created by an agreement between the UN and the Government of Sierra Leone in 2002 http://www.sc-sl.org/LinkClick.aspx?fileticket=CLk1rMQtCHg%3d&tabid=176
  • 65 hectare court complex was built – maintenance of the compound currently costs $1,066,300 annually another tax burden!
  • prosecution lawyers most of them are from the United States
  • judges are from countries that have close ties with the US or the US have direct influence over
  • under Article 2(2)(a), the agreement says that a trial chamber will be made up of three judges where one shall be appointed by the Government of Sierra Leone and two judges appointed by the Secretary-General, upon nominations forwarded by States, and in particular the member States of the Economic Community of West African States and the Commonwealth, at the invitation of the Secretary-General.”
  • in 2006 Charles Taylor was transferred to an International Criminal Court chamber in The Hague
  • Special Court for Sierra Leone found Charles Taylor guilty of aiding the RUF during the Sierra Leonean Civil War on 26 April 2012 and was sentenced to 50 years in prison in UK
  • The Court spent up to $23 million on every defendant
  • The Court trained members of the police force who, back in the real world, still struggle to live on $30 a month
  • The Special Court’s brand of justice has been irrelevant to the lives of ordinary people.
  • The ICTY was established to deter future crimes – that didn’t happen, indictments in Bosnia didn’t prevent atrocities in Kosovo while indictments for Kosovo didn’t stop atrocities in Sudan nor even in Libya and now Syria.

Special Court for Lebanon

  • In January 2007, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon (STL) held its opening session in The Hague to try in absentia the suspects (all of them members of Hezbollah) in the Feb. 14, 2005, bombing that killed Hariri and 21 others
  • the court, officially launched in 2009, was preceded by a U.N. investigation set in motion by Security Council Resolution 1595.
  • The court issued warrants in 2011 for Mustafa Badreddine, Salim Ayyash, Hussein Oneissi, and Assad Sabra – evidence against the four suspects appears to be largely based on analysis of mobile phone networks.
  • The tribunal was requested by the government of then–Prime Minister Fouad Siniora, a dedicated U.S. ally quick to pin the blame on Syria. Syria says assassination was part of an Israeli and US conspiracy.
  • The year after the Syrian withdrawal, the Israeli military attacked Lebanon for 34 days and killed approximately 1,200 people, most of them civilians.
  • In September 2005, four former pro-Syrian Lebanese officers were arrested at the request of the U.N. International Independent Investigation Commission for their suspected role in the assassination.
  • most of the STL’s top judges hail from countries that categorize Hezbollah as a terrorist organization
  • STL has simply absolved itself of challenges to its legitimacy – The [STL] trial chamber dismissed all the motions of the defense counsel, who argued that the tribunal was set up illegally, violates Lebanese sovereignty, has selective jurisdiction and does not guarantee the accused a right to fair trial.”
  • when the Lebanese parliament failed to ratify the creation of the STL in 2007, the U.N. invoked Chapter 7 of its charter to sidestep the uncooperative state. (This happens to be the same chapter that authorizes military force to uphold U.N. decisions.)
  • The head of the Special Tribunal for Lebanon (STL) [official website] has rejected two motions requesting the disqualification of judges on the grounds of bias.
  • 4 years of international investigation has already cost $325 million
  • 49% of the court is to be funded by the Lebanese government – a country with a poverty rate more than 60% can do far more with this money than wasting it on a court and judgements that are biased.

Special Court East Timor

  • Amnesty International on August 27 called upon the UN Security Council to immediately set up an international criminal tribunal with jurisdiction over all crimes committed in East Timor between 1975 and 1999.
  • However, East Timorese President José Ramos-Horta, the founder of the Revolutionary Front for an Independent East Timor (Fretilin), which led the independence movement declared both as a human being, victim and head of state, is that we, once and for all, close the 1975-1999 chapters of our tragic experience and forgive those who did harm to us.”
  • At a more local level, more progress was made. The UN Special Panel for Serious Crimes in East Timor was established by the UN Transitional Administration in East Timor (UNTAET) to try serious criminal offences that occurred during 1999. This hybrid East-Timorese-international tribunal convicted 84 individuals, but most of them were low-level defendants – not high-ranking commanders
  • Over 75 per cent of the people indicted remain at large and only one person is in prison in East Timor for crimes committed in 1999.
  • In January 2000, the UN International Commission of Inquiry on East Timor submitted its report to the UN Secretary-General. The commission concluded that Indonesian armed forces were responsible for patterns of gross violations of human rights which… took the form of systematic and widespread intimidation, killings and massacre, humiliation and terror, destruction of property, violence against women and displacement of people.” The Commission recommended that the UN establish an international human rights tribunal.
  • The Indonesian government passed a law in 2004 creating a national Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC) to begin to confront past abuses, but the law was severely flawed.
  • In January 2006, former East Timorese President Xanana Gusmao handed a report of the East Timorese Commission for Reception, Truth and Reconciliation to UN Secretary General Kofi Annan.
  • The report estimates that between 84,000 and 183,000 people were killed between 1975 and 1999, and that 90 per cent died from hunger and diseases as a result of Indonesian repression.
  • There was no sovereign East Timor when the Tribunal was created. East Timor became independent only in May 2002 (Portuguese occupied, 24 years under Indonesian occupation and then 2 ½ UN administration) UN ended its Mission in May 2005. The relationship with Indonesia and East Timor is somewhat like Sri Lanka’s & India!

The East Timor, Cambodia and Sierra Leone were hybrid courts. Kosovo too followed a similar model. Hybrid courts are those that combine international and national element. East Timor became the 1st model of a hybrid court. All 3 crimes plus the Tribunals for Yugoslavia and Rwanda occurred before the entry of the Rome Statute and the ICC. Therefore, the ICC does not have jurisdiction over these 3 crimes. The 3 hybrid courts were created by a special agreement between UN (the same scenario being attempted through the GOSL) However the ICC Statute is clear that state judicial authorities have primary responsibility for prosecuting and punishing international crimes.

One reason for the hybrid tribunals were to cover crimes committed prior to the ICC if so why are Sri Lanka’s foreign affairs and legal teams not producing LTTE’s roots and India’s role?

Hybrid tribunals were suggested in environments where domestic systems had collapsed. Sierra Leone and Cambodia had made requests. There is no such scenario in Sri Lanka and moreover it is a fact that UN and foreign interference through the LTTE did not reduce but helped flame the conflict as enough of examples are available to showcase links with NGOs, the Church, foreign governments, foreign parliamentarians, foreign media with LTTE and LTTE diaspora.

However hybrid courts do not have direct authoritative backing of the Security Council. The hybrid courts will apply both domestic and international law, combine international and domestic personnel and judges and employ both domestic and international lawyers (which is probably why Sri Lanka’s lawyers are looking at the lucrative deals they can land if chosen and answers the silence of the USAID run Bar Association)

The issue at hand for the Sri Lankan populace is why should the Sri Lanka army be put on trial when the UN and world bodies ignored 30 years of LTTE terror and kept mum about India’s role in starting armed militancy?

From the resolutions and the manner that the UNHRC has been carrying out itself it is clear that the LTTE’s foreign backers are very much in control of and steering international opinion and orchestrating how and what and who is to be tried. In such a scenario the Sri Lankan public wishes to play no role in handing over the forces who eliminated terrorism enabling 20million people to live without the fear of bombs/suicide missions going off. That for us is far more important than some TRUTH that obviously is unlikely to come and has been shown very clearly by the failed Tribunals and Hybrid Courts held so far.

Given that we are not exaggerating in saying UN is a puppet of the West whereas the UNHRC heads speaks of ‘patterns of atrocities’ and attempts to create a picture of crimes being done planned and schemed what we say taking all the tribunals as examples is that the crisis in Yugoslavia, Rwanda, Sierra Leone, Lebanon including Sri Lanka were all perpetrated indirectly by the West helped by satellite prostitute states using armed militancy to gain a foothold into these nations and create a Western base whereby they could influence the region/continent and trade lanes. Until this aspect key to any TRUTH mechanism is allowed to be established there is little point in going after the sprats when the sharks are still lose and very much part of the whole problem.

The present government should be well aware of these scenarios without blindly walking into trouble and taking the entire nation with them because they seek revenge against their political opponents!

Shenali D Waduge

Yugoslavia – http://www.iacenter.org/folder04/myths.htm

Rwanda – http://www.globalresearch.ca/the-us-was-behind-the-rwandan-genocide-installing-a-us-protectorate-in-central-africa/18540

Cambodia – How Thatcher helped Pol Pot https://www.greenleft.org.au/node/53763

East Timor – US approved Indonesia’s invasion of East Timor https://www.wsws.org/en/articles/2001/12/kiss-d19.html

Sierra Leone – Britain’s military intervention in Sierra Leone part of a new “Scramble for Africa”  https://www.wsws.org/en/articles/2000/05/sier-m20.html

Kosovo – http://www.globalresearch.ca/kosovo-s-mafia-state-and-camp-bondsteel-towards-a-permanent-us-military-presence-in-southeast-europe/30262

Lebanon – The real aims of the US-backed Israeli war against Lebanon https://www.wsws.org/en/articles/2006/07/leba-j21.html

12 Responses to “Sri Lanka does not need hybrid courts when the culprits sit in judgement”

  1. LANKAPUTHRA Says:

    The last sentence is absolutely correct and what MR did not do, now haunts the SL as whole and himself. Country relied on MR but his staff advised against it. Check it out.

  2. ranjit Says:

    Shenali you can do a better job than the current Foreign Minister Awamangalaya because you have more guts and know how about foreign policy than these gay boys in this Jarapalanaya Govt. US and UN are both same and they both have the same agenda. Most of the world’s Aid agencies,NGO’s,US funded Institutions were run by America and the west and small countries like us cannot get a fair treatment from them on any issues unless we worship and sided with them as they were the world powers.

    Our donkey heads came to power thru them as we all know. They were planning this coup for a long time and they succeeded with ease because our politicians can be bought for money very easily. They selected the lot and very cunningly did the job on the correct time fooling the fools in this fools paradise. I regret coming back to the country now as I can see ahead a very dark future with these Ungrateful,Undemocratic puppet rulers. How much they try to fool us by saying everything is fine any blind person can see what’s going on and what’s going to happen to this country in the future with all the interference’s by the Americans,West and the Indian Parasites. May God saves my homeland from these Sinhala Traitors. Shenali we appreciate your articles very much Thanks.l

  3. Fran Diaz Says:

    After two World Wars from Europe, some kind of new Pan Atlantic Empire ruling through local leaders ?

    Currently, leaders from both sides, Sinhala & Tamil, are ultra pro-west. I have no quarrel with friednship with the west, and also the east for economic reasons, but with NO division of the country and NO political take over of the country ever taking place.

    Isn’t that what we are protesting about ? Aren’t these the main fears in the people of Lanka ?

  4. Lorenzo Says:

    This is how they respect SL for WINNING the war on terrorists!

  5. Independent Says:

    If anyone loves the country, they should STOP worshiping and paying ANY gratitude to ANY politician.

    Politicians are paid to do what people ask for. That is their duty. If 20 politician do not do the job and ONE finally is able to do it, it is still his DUTY and has is PAID. STOP

    Therefore we can get ANY work done the way we want using ANY politician. It is how hard we force them to do it than beg them to do it.

  6. Independent Says:

    Human beings live maximum 90 years. First 20-30 years spent for learning. Last 10-15 years are useless to others. So we have only 45-60 years to do useful work. After sleeping.eating time is deducted it further reduces to 30-40 years only. However if you combine the years of 100 people we have 3000-4000 years of fruitful working single generation of 100 smart people.
    Even if we have a parliament of 100 smart people for 5 years, we can covert that to 500-600 years of work. Surely a country can be developed in 500 years.

    The problem is FOOLS who worship Brainless Crooks outnumber god people by 10000 times. They waste time of others and make that smart 500 years = 0.001 smart years for one parliament term.

  7. Ancient Sinhalaya Says:

    Hybrid courts from hybrid pol pot ponil.
    Ponil is
    1% Buddhist 99% catholic
    1% pro Sri Lankan 99% anti Sri Lankan
    1 % Sinhalese 99% west bum licking
    1% truthful 99% dishonest
    1% peace loving 99% murderous
    1% patriotic 99% treacherous
    He is all hybrid!
    Lucky Sri Lanka! Lucky Sinhaese! Lucky for Buddhists!

  8. ranjit Says:

    Ancient Sinhalaya It’s funny but it is damn true every word you said about Pimpy Run-Nil. Disgrace to the country to have such an Idiotic guy as a Prime Minister. He is getting more funnier day by day and acts like a Gangster sometimes abusing and threatening people. Anyway we have two Undemocratic rulers together who are taking our country backward by going in two different ways ignoring all democratic forms of Governance. They both are P.I.A

  9. Ancient Sinhalaya Says:

    Thanks Ranjith. Tragedy for the Sinhalese is, a lot of them believe this murderous, unpatriotic, pathalogical liar.
    What more damage him and his treacherous party have to do to make these Sivallun (UNPatriotic party supporting
    Sinhalese) understand this simple truth that they are a menace to Sinhalese, Sri Lanka and Buddhism?

  10. Lorenzo Says:

    Has the Dubai court given the verdict YESTERDAY on NR’s bank account?

    Looks like it is a big lie.

    By now the verdict should be known.

    IF true, that will be the END of all Rajapakshas. But more chances are that it is a lie.

  11. Independent Says:

    Stories about case to freeze account of son of a VVIP is untrue…

    (Lanka-e-News -12.Oct.2015, 11.45AM) The foreign account belonging to a young son of a politico –a VVIP in the country today, involving a sum of Rs. 14 billion ! is being heard yesterday in a West Asian country where the account is being maintained , a weekend English newspaper reported. This news report is mendacious , according to reports reaching Lanka e news. This same media Institution carried a Sinhala version of this report too.

    A chief of the team of investigators associated with the government confirmed to Lanka e news , no such case is being heard anywhere in the world yesterday.

    The foreign Envoy of that relevant country also said , there is no such case being heard , and no team of lawyers had appeared in that country from Sri Lanka in relation to such a case. Of course , it is a fact that wealth plundered of the country have been deposited in accounts of foreign countries by the Rajapakse family , and in this regard ,investigative teams of the world Bank , the US and Sri Lanka are conducting a special probe into them .These investigations are being carried out in 6 countries , but in no newspapers of those countries have there been such a report of a case being heard , he added.

    The mendacious news report has been written ostensibly as an analysis without making mention of names of individuals or countries , either in order to alert the guilty Rajapakses or to say there is a case where there isn’t , and later to claim the government is not doing anything in these instances.

    Through this subterfuge , this writer who is a most notorious , unscrupulous bootlicker of Rajapakses , having acquired a tremendous notoriety in that sphere , is seeking to instil a sense of disappointment and disgust among the people by painting a picture that the government is doing nothing useful , according to reliable sources .

    —————————
    by (2015-10-12 06:55:39)

  12. Independent Says:

    14 billion is impossible. These bugger don’t know even to lie.

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