Case against Gammanpila: summons issued on Australian couple

January 30th, 2017

Adaderana

The Attorney General has informed the Colombo High Court that summons have been issued to the Australian couple to appear in Courts with respect of the case against MP Udaya Gammanpila, Ada Derana reporter said.

The Senior State Counsel apprised the court this when the case against Gammanpila was taken up for hearing on Monday.

High Court Judge R. Gurusinghe has also requested a progress report in connection with the case on 13 March, reporter added.

UPFA MP Gammanpila has been charged with the sale of shares valued at Rs.110 million which belonged to Australian businessman Brian Shaddick by fraudulent means.

The Pivithuru Hela Urumaya (PHU) leader was arrested by the by the Police Special Investigations Unit (SIU) at his office in Pagoda Road, Nugegoda on June 18, 2016 over the incident and later enlarged on bail.

 – See more at: http://www.adaderana.lk/news/38871/case-against-gammanpila-summons-issued-on-australian-couple#sthash.xobj1HRE.dpuf

Get these mega dens of thieves called the Provincial Councils

January 29th, 2017

Sudath Gunasekara writes

Get these mega dens of thieves called the Provincial Councils which have already laid the foundation for  a Federal State and made this country an Augean mess of Governance and turn the country to a no return situation with the EELAM in sight, scrapped at least now

Six key Sri Lanka Freedom Party (SLFP) Chief Ministers left for London on Thursday, informed sources said. –News item  2017-01-28 By P. Samarasekera

“Six Provincial Council Chief Ministers have left for London to participate in a training programme on provincial Council system”Those who left the country were Western Province CM Isura Devapriya, Central Province CM Sarath Ekanayake, Sabaragamuwa CM Maheepala Herath, Southern Province CM Shan Wijeyalal de Silva, Wayamba CM Dharmasiri Dasanayake and Uva CM Chamara Sampath Dasanayake. Sources said the CMs are in London to attend a workshop for Provincial Councilors sounding like as if it is a meeting of the ‘Provincial Councilors of the World’ These CMs are stated to return home on 2 February

I was thoroughly amused as I read this news as to why the people of this country don’t chase out these jokers at least now and get this Huniyama called Provincial Councils scrapped forthwith, which have tormented and robbed the nation for thirty long years making the whole country an Augean mess in the field of Governance and consolidating the map for the Future EELAM .

As far as I know there are no Provincial Councils in UK or any other country in this world. As such UK has no experience on that system to teach another, though British were the ancestors of these councils in this country since they were the people who first created Provinces in 1833 in order to divide the natives of Sinhale on ethnic grounds with the ulterior motive of dividing it in to Sinhala and Tamil areas. That way Britishes were the real fathers of present day EELAM. The Indians played only a secondary role of step father here by imposing Provincial Councils along with the so-called Traditional Homeland of Tamils concept in the North and Eastern Provinces. I am not surprised even if British send these six parasite betrayers back by return plane from the airport itself as the two EELAM CMs, the two main actors of this tragic drama are not in their team.

Even if the British know the subject, how and what can they teach these idiots who don’t know even the functioning of a village Committee in their own country. This must be a hosanna come from heaven for these parasites who so far enjoyed only the luxuries of five star hotels in Sri Lanka on their annual get together and numerous Con- ferences in Pasikuda and Bentota and other places .It is a pity that the poor PinGovernors were also not sent on this joy ride. Probably They can’t collect votes and funds for the party and that may be why they were not sent.

I only hope the former British Civil Servant like J.F.Dixon, who was GA CP in 1872 in then Ceylon who described the  “Village Council system in Ceylon  prior to 1815 as a “remarkable  system of self government strikingly developed in the Village Communities in the East” and another Civil Servant Elliot (1911) who observed that the  ‘Village Communities Ordinance enacted by them’ based on earlier Sri Lankan experience which they had once abolished as the ‘Magna Carta of the  paddy cultivator of Ceylon”   might ask these jokers to come back to Ceylon and ask a Goviya in amude/ a saruwale in a rustic village like Meemure, my own village,  who knows about it as to how villages in Sri Lanka should be developed rather than wasting their time and also wasting the poor man’s money on such training in London by British who have never cultivated a paddy plant.

British politicians might tell them that these CMM are the present day beneficiaries of the legacy the British have left behind where they play pandu now at the expense of the poor tax payers of this country.  They also might ask them to oppose any move by any government to scrap the Provincial Councils as political rejects like this will never have a chance to rob public money if they are gone as the Parliament at the centre is meant only for bigger sharks.

This is the latest entertainment provided to the country by the President who came to power by promising Yahapaalanaya.  He has to tell the country now as to why he sent these Six Chief Ministers who failed to hook,  Mahinda Rajapaksa on a reconciliatory mission to ask him not to contest Local Government elections separately. I can understand it if they had at least succeed their mission. When you read the conversations transpired at the meeting of ‘Cheap’ Ministers with MR one can see how dishonest, how unreliable these people are. What they wanted to do is once again trap MR for Sirisena’s nominees to win the local Government elections so that  they could continue in their posts with Sirisenas blessings. Almost all these CMM have no personal political following in their districts All what they got last time were votes for MR. The crabs now no water is boiling that is why they came to see MR. So you can see how selfish they are. Had Mahhinda scrapped the 13th A as most of us advised him just after the war in 2009 when he had the 2/3 in Parliament this problem would not have been there today. Unfortunately he could not understand our good counseling at that time.

I wonder whether this trip is a gift bestowed to these six fellows who obeyed his cunning request on the one hand and a punishment to the CM, NCP on the other who did not obey his order. The Uva CM and the SP CM both who expressed their allegiance to MR and played a hide and seek game are lucky in any case as they too have got the chance of the London trip at public expense.  It is surprising he has not included the two rubble rousers in the NP and EP at least to tame them

This is how the Yahapalanaya politicians plunder the public without impunity. It is not President Sirisena’s money that is wasted. It is citizen Perera and citizen Banda who has to pay for all the follies of our politicians. Of cause tomorrow the President might say this strip was funded by the British Government to train them in reconciliation his craving to pay the debt to his Tamil and Muslim friends. He might even say no! it is by the Buckingham palace or Queen Elizabeth who shook hands with him last time without gloves, when he visited them. Even then one should not get surprised, going by what he says off and on.

The country must ask those who authorized this joy trip, whether be it the president or an officer to pay back the money spent on this trip. Also the voters should ask all these six fellows to resign immediately on their return, to put an end this type of daylight robbery. Also people start a national campaign to get this Huniyama and death trap called Provincial councils scraped as they have already put the foundation for the Sri Lanka Federal State, before this Government gives land and police powers also to the PCC and complete the right royal betrayal of the 2500 years old Sinhala Country and the Sinhala Nation.

Get these mega dens of thieves called the Provincial Councils which have already laid the foundation for  a Federal State and made this country an Augean mess of Governance and turn the country to a no return situation with the EELAM in sight, scrapped at least now

International laws in armed conflict Part II

January 29th, 2017

By Neville Ladduwahetty Courtesy The Island

POST-CONFLICT APPLICATION of IHRL and IHL

The position originally adopted by some participating in the e-mail exchange was that IHRL and IHL concurrently apply in Armed Conflict. Since then they have conceded that the Law applicable to Armed Conflict of a non-International nature is IHL and furthermore that it is applicable up to the cessation of hostilities in Sri Lanka in May 2009. Their original position that IHRL and IHL concurrently applied was influenced by a misguided notion that such a position would strengthen Sri Lanka’s hand to address issues of accountability and also defend the interests of the security forces better. However, what is evident from the foregoing is that the concurrent application of IHRL and IHL is in fact detrimental to Sri Lanka’s interests.

article_image

Since it has been conceded that only IHL applies up to the cessation of hostilities i.e. May 2009, it means that their original position would have jeopardized the interests of not only Sri Lanka but also those of the security forces. Acknowledging this reversal is a manifestation of integrity that is rare and therefore noteworthy. What is even more heartening is that since IHL is more restrictive in its application and offers greater latitude when engaging in an Armed Conflict, Sri Lanka would be in a better position to meet the charges leveled against it since most of these occurred prior to May 2009 than under their previous position that IHRL and IHL operated concurrently.

Notwithstanding these clarifications it is important to note that the ruling by the ICTY was that IHL continues to apply “beyond the cessation of hostilities until a general conclusion of peace is reached; or in the case of internal conflicts, a peaceful settlement is achieved”. Furthermore, although there was no formal peace settlement, the rationale behind using this ICTY ruling to advantage is that if IHL is applicable ONLY up to May 2009, IHRL cannot be enlarged beyond “hard core human rights” until conflict related issues are resolved. Considering the realities that prevailed post May 2009 such as the situation in Manik Farm and other detention camps, the presence of land mines in undisclosed locations, security related issues from potential acts of terrorism, and identifying former LTTE combatants from bona-fide civilians as well as the challenges associated with providing humanitarian assistance to over 300,000 displaced that included combatants, it would be unrealistic to expect IHRL to operate fully beyond May 2009 without first addressing issues relating to human safety. .

The need to restrict personal liberties until conflict related issues are resolved is addressed in Article 2 Section 2 of the Additional Protocol II. This states: “At the end of an armed conflict, all persons who have been deprived of their liberty or whose liberty has been restricted for reasons relating to such conflict, as well as those deprived of their liberty or whose liberty is restricted after the conflict for the same reasons, shall enjoy the protection of Articles 5 and 6 until the end of such deprivation or restriction of liberty”. These are all provisions of IHL.

A more compelling reason not to apply IHRL and IHL concurrently immediately after hostilities cease is that the starting point to relax IHRL is the “hard core human rights”. Therefore, the transition process must necessarily be gradual. How gradual is a subjective call that needs to be handled with caution if unintended complexities are to be prevented. Under the circumstances stated above and strengthened by the rulings of ICTY and ICRC the applicable Law beyond the cessation of hostilities should be IHL.

CONCLUSION

This article is the result of a debate between two divergent views as to which International Laws govern non-International Armed Conflicts such as in Sri Lanka. Although Sri Lanka’s conflict had been categorized as one that defeated Terrorism or as a Humanitarian Operation, it has now come to be accepted as a non-International Armed Conflict. Despite this categorization of Sri Lanka’s conflict as an Armed Conflict, which particular International Laws are relevant to issues of accountability have not been explored.

The position advocated by me since 2008 was based on the ruling by the International Criminal Tribunal for former Yugoslavia (ICTY) appointed by the Security Council. My position was that the conflict in Sri Lanka was an Armed Conflict and as such the International Law that should govern the conflict was International Humanitarian Law (IHL). Furthermore, that IHL should apply to the whole territory up to the cessation of hostilities and beyond. The position advocated by others was that International Human Rights Law and International Humanitarian Law should apply concurrently. It is heartening to note that the latter group has now revisited their position and acknowledged that IHL applies up the end of hostilities which in the case of Sri Lanka was May 2009.

The UN official publication cited above titled “”INTERNATIONAL LEGAL PROTECTION OF HUMAN RIGHTS IN ARMED CONFLICT” by the United Nations Human Rights, Office of the High Commissioner, New York and Geneva, 2011 states: “Two arguments have specifically been raised against their concurrent application. Firstly, it has been argued that international human rights law and international humanitarian law are regimes that apply in separate contexts – namely the former in peace time only and the latter in armed conflict – and that concurrent or complementary application is therefore, irrelevant. Second, it has also been argued that if both bodies of law are applicable in situations of armed conflict, then the question is whether one body of law would have pre-eminence over the other as a matter of lex specialis” (p.54).

The fact that there are two equally valid positions depends on one body of law being pre-eminent over the other. However, the pre-eminent law is IHL because the provisions of IHRL are derogated to the point that only the “hard core human rights” prevail during an Armed Conflict. Therefore, the task is not to condemn one and extol the other but to find which position would best serve the interests of the security forces and Sri Lanka.

All of the above is academic to many readers. However, its impact on Sri Lanka and in particular the fate of the security forces could be significant. Therefore, it is of extreme importance that a clear and unambiguous determination is made as to the International Laws that should regulate investigations relating to accountability – should it be IHL throughout the conflict and thereafter until conflict related issues are resolved, or IHL up to May 2009 with IHRL and IHL applied concurrently thereafter.

Such a determination should factor in the following statements in the Preamble to the Additional Protocol II of 1977 on which IHL is based. The relevant statements are: “Recalling furthermore that international instruments relating to human rights offer a BASIC (emphasis added) protection to the human person” and “Emphasizing the need to ensure a BETTER (emphasis added) protection for the victims of armed conflicts”. This underscores the pre-eminence of IHL in Armed Conflicts.

Unless and until these issues are resolved there would not be a clear remit to the judicial process particularly because the UNHRC of 2015 Resolution, A/HRC/30/L.29 states that the judicial mechanism should “investigate allegations of violations and abuses of human rights and violations of international humanitarian law, as applicable”. Since the words “as applicable” are vital there is a need to identify which International Laws are applicable to accountability related issues.

Hoodwinking the People and Supressing Democracy

January 29th, 2017

Dr Dasarath Jayasuriya, President SPUR Australia

Treating the people with disrespect and disdain is fast becoming the trademark of the Yahapalana government. However, history reminds us that they are not the first. There are other examples but what sticks in my mind from the past is the SLFP taking citizens to be mugs in the 1960’s promising rice from the moon before an election. But the Yahapalan leadership including the Prime Minister and the Finance Minister has made this into an art form. Important public discourse is often trivialised with verbal diarrhoea coloured with tasteless and inappropriate jokes evidenced by the PMs recent ‘ Buddang Saranag Gachchami’ news cut after meeting the  Asgiriya and Malwaththa nayaka  theros.

The Yahapalana team which came to power parading a ‘cleaner than Cleanex’ image has been compromised with an unending list of corruption accusations. Leading amongst them are the billion rupee Central Bank Bond fiasco and the mega million coal procurement annulled by a Supreme Court determination.  Many attempts at supressing the ‘truth’ related to the Central Bank Bond fiasco have been made including dissolving the parliament in 2015 as well as giving stepmotherly treatment   to the Hadunhetti chaired Committee of Public Enterprise (COPE)  report on the Bond scam. After a long wait and many attempts by the Yahapalana bigwigs to scuttle the process, the COPE report was scheduled on 24 January to be discussed in Parliament.  The good citizens of the nation were looking forward not only to the details of how this scam was planned and orchestrated but also to the detailed defence (if any) provided by the Prime Minister and the Finance Minister of their mate, the former Central Bank governor Arjuna Mahendra.  Alas! a spanner has been thrown in the last minute to thwart exposure and debate.

It was reported  widely over the weekend that a Buddhist monk appointed by the Finance Ministry to the Lanka Hospital Board of Directors had filed a fundamental rights (FR) application challenging the COPE report claiming inconsistencies, contradictions and misrepresentations. Although a majority of parliamentarians would welcome tomorrow’s debate on the Central Bank Bond scam, there could be attempts made to scuttle the debate by sighting the monk’s FR case is yet to be heard by the Supreme Court.  One wonders firstly, what the monk’s interest is on the Bond scam and secondly, why he left until the last moment before the Parliamentary debate to lodge he FR case?  Further questions amongst others include:

  • A monk’s ability to forensically examine a finance centric COPE report;
  • The source of financial resources to commission Paul Rathnayake Associates, a leading law firm in Sri Lanka; and
  • The overall outcome sought by the monk that the auction process reigns supreme over the direct or private placement process.

After berating the Rajapaksa government and accusing them of nepotism and favouritism, ditching  its pre-election norms, a not so Yahapalana government appointed a Buddhist monk to the Board of the Lanka Hospital. Putting aside the lack of professional expertise required to be a member of a Board governing a large hospital, what I found most interesting is the total lack of any previous record of this particular monk showing interest or providing public discourse on the Central Bank Bond scam. The obvious question is whether the monk is being the La Fontaine fable ‘cat’s paw’ of the Yahapalana masters.  All evidence at least associated with the Central Bank Bond  fiasco seems to point in that direction.

“BEAT COST OF LIVING BY INTRODUCING THE MAXIUM PRIZE OF SIX CONSUMER ITEMS?”

January 29th, 2017

Sarath Wijesinghe – former Chairman Consumer Affairs Authority, former Ambassador UAE and Israel

Cost of Living

Cost of living goes up in any country and in any jurisdiction with different paces and speeds. In some economies the increase is minimal based on the proper management of the economy. In the west the rise is slow and controlled due to competition, proper management of economy and fierce consumer activism and the organized and powerful consumer society network which is lacking in Sri Lanka. In Sri Lanka cost of living cannot be controlled as the state economy is out of control as in many underdeveloped jurisdictions. In Sri Lank the cost of living is sky rocketing and the Governance is finding ways and means of controlling it desperately and unsuccessfully. Most of the food and consumer items in Sri Lanka are imported in the fast changing economic culture and floating dollar – a threat to cost of consumer items. Local production of food and consumer items is minimal as we depend on imported items to arrive for the next food consignment most probably with increased prices. International business and imports are in the hands of private sector- mostly non-nationals or business giants obtained citizenship for trade and business in Sri Lanka with close business links with India and Pakistan. Black money is freely moving in the society due to bribery and corruption rampant as air; with a part of the society lavishly take part in spending sprees, catalysing the increase of consumer prices of most items. Credit card culture is encouraging the middle class on unlimited and uncontrolled spending habits until next month or the ultimate demand from the bank or the lending institution. Credit card culture suited to the rich west with excellent social security system and modern society of extreme rich capitalism looking after the downtrodden by social benefits.

Village life with nature

Village and the villagers are the most affected due to the newly introduced Credit Card, online, and modern way of life with modern equipment freely available on easy payment terms, consumer items at door steps even at remote villages, and availability Mobile/FB and modern way of life eradicating the village way of life living with nature with self-sufficiency in food, vegetables, fruits and consumer items. Today young villager could easily purchase a three wheel on easy terms resulting over one million of young on street junctions for business to pay the bank loans and finance payments, leaving the village fields empty for the

remaining the elderly to continue the local food production which is lucrative and the need of the hour. 25% private land is household gardens ideal for the growth of vegetables which is not expensive and short supplies which in unutilised.

Maximum retail prize

Maximum retail price of Dhal is made 159 per kg, Mysore Dhal 159 per kg, Dried Sprat from Thailand 490.00, Dubai sprat 405.00, Potato imported 115 and white sugar Rs. 93 respectively. While attempting to maintain the prices of listed items countrywide with the handful of staff, it is difficult to fathem how the cost of living is reduced considering the increase of prices of all food and other items tremendously which the consumer is feeling every minute.

Legal Basis of the process under S 18 of the CAA

According to Act No 2003 where the Minister is of opinion that any goods or any service is essential to the life of the community or part thereof, the Minister in consultation with the Authority may by Order published in the Gazette prescribe such goods or such services as specified goods or specified services as the case may be; no manufacturer or trader shall increase the retail or wholesale price of any goods or any service specified under subsection (1), except with the prior written approval of the Authority; a manufacturer or trader who seeks to obtain the approval of the Authority under subsection (2), shall make an application in that behalf to the Authority, and the Authority shall, after holding such inquiry as it may consider appropriate: a) Approve such increase where it is satisfied that the increase is reasonable or b) Approve any other increase as the Authority may consider reasonable and inform the manufacturer or trader of its decision within thirty days of the receipt of such application and where the Authority fails to give a decision within thirty days of the receipt of an application as required under subsection (3), the manufacturer or trader who made the application shall be entitled to, notwithstanding provision of subsection (I), increase the price: provided however, where the delay in giving its decision within the stipulated period was due to the failure of the manufacturer or trader to give any assistance required by the Authority in carrying out its inquiry into the application, the Authority shall have the power to make an interim order preventing the said manufacturer or trader from increasing the

Powers of the Consumer Affairs Authority as the Main Regulator

It is established in place of Fair Trading Consumer Act no 1 of 1987 and price control act 1 of 1987 for promotion of effective competition and protection of the consumer with a blend of UK, Australian and West modelled concepts creating a main regulator to regulate trade under s 9 of the act, which has power to undertake studies, issue directions, restrict selling above market price, determining standards, inquire complaints, enter into agreements, deal with offences such as refusal to sell, hoarding goods, investigations publication, prevent misleading , deceptive conduct and many more powers and expectations. Due to the abolition of the price control under the price control act, the new concept of price making was introduces where every trade is expected to exhibit the price mark and maintain standards of the items. (S29) It is left to the consumer to judge the effectiveness of the enforcement mechanism in maintaining the price and the standards of the consumer items. Is the CAA competent to beat the cost of living or it is teeth less organization is a matter the citizen will be deciding based on the performances of the organization.

Beat Cost of Living

Cost of living is a relative term depends on the conditions, environments, and jurisdictions. Rarely the prices of consumer articles are reduced, but the salary and income increases slowly from time to time. Price of rice or bread is not static, but consumer is ready to adopt the price fluctuations. In the west a major portion of the salary or income is utilized for accommodation when the food items are generally affordable, which is not the case in Sri Lanka. In the UK one could have a comfortable living with the minimum wages and in addition government subsidiary where necessary. In Sri Lanka though salary and income is less for many – traditional food items such as Jak, leaves, and village grown items (available in “Polas” – street markets in towns too) assist consumer to make ends meet comfortably. If the consumer is sharp and careful it is easy to beat cost of living provided the cost of mobile phone, tuition and extravagance is restricted. In short one should know (a) when to buy (b) where to buy, (c) how to buy and (c) what to buy. In England the apple at Selfridges- the most expensive food chain could be purchased at the street market near the store for a lesser price. In Sri Lanka street markets are plenty and food can be carefully purchased and s stored to be used later. Consumers make the biggest blunder by eating out in food chains with unhealthy oily food and Colas inviting long term diseases. Consumer should be trained for healthy food at identified outlets. It is an exercise one should practice. Consumer is any actual or potential user of any goods or services made available for a consideration by any trader or manufacturer. (s75 of the consumer affairs Authority Act) This shows that every citizen is a consumer and need protection from the state to protect the consumer against unfair trade, hazardous to life and property of consumers, adequate access to gods, and seek redress against unfair trade practices (s 7 of the Act no of 2003).

Is Consumer the King – and Powerful?

In practice it may not be so, especially in Sri Lanka where the consumer is not organized as in other parts of the world. Consumer day falls on 15th March and the world Consumer Federation has started the agitation throughout the world claiming the legitimate share for the consumer as Kennedy’s statement in 1983 that – the consumer includes us all – “the largest economic group affecting and affected by almost all public and private economic decision yet they are the only important group whose views are often not heard”. In other parts of the world consumer is restricted from becoming unfair by the government as well as strong lobbing of the powerful organizations in maintaining the quality, standards, price and consumer rights of return goods, and maintain standards by the trade, manufacturer and the trader. Sri Lanka is full of adulterated and poisonous food and other consumer goods, unhealthy food chains and goods adulterated and downgraded with no restrictive conditions. Unhealthy food chains are thriving and there is no proper control of the quality and price of the consumer items expected to be monitored by the main regulate Consumer Affairs Authority.

Complains to public bodies and to be organized is your civic duty

Ideally CAA is expected to entertain complaints on the phone, via net and all over the country. This extends to all consumer items and to services as well. In other parts of the world the consumer is so well organized that the Trader is under pressure and control of the consumer. Media plays a vital role in this matter. In the UK when Cola company used the water from Thames river it is the media that came forward as in the Bopal case in India to teach unfair trade practices of multinational companies. In Sri Lanka CAA is expected to

organize a consumer federation to assist the consumer. it is the duty of the NGOs to take the mantel forward without wasting time for Human rights situations in Sri Lanka which maintains highest sander ands. It is time for the citizen to organize themselves to beat the cost of living and to organize the life leading a careful systemic planned organized life with other fellow citizens The quality of life has greatly improved and the expectations of the community are frequently increasing.

Way Forward

Modern technology, modern way of life, crave for education and globalisation have led the consumer to unexpected and unachievable expectations. The mobile culture has embraced the community though it is costly now every other person has a mobile and the telephone has become a part of day-today life. It is the right of the citizen and duty of the state to ensure the consumer is able purchase quality items at a reasonable price, and it is his/her duty to look for healthy food in the interest of the citizen. United Nations too have recognized the right to satisfaction and ensure on basic needs, safety, and information, chance to be heard, redress, consumer education and healthy environment as a right and a requirement to be facilitated for the consumer/citizen by the state. It is the duty and a statutory requirement of the main regulator CAA to organize consumer organizations and to work on a joint project with the consumer, state, trader, manufacturer and the citizen for a fair and reasonable system of trade and business for a better life for the consumer. Consumer should be vigilant and smart, the trader should be fair and reasonable and the state should be efficient for a better day for the consumer/citizen. Citizen must be modern and fast in embracing modern technologies and way of life. But it has to be done with caution and thinking of the future generation, health and the environment. NGOs and Consumer organisations have a vital role to play in this regard as WHICH in UK stands guarding the consumer warning and directing in consumerism. State invention and regulation is essential to direct all the players in balancing their civic duties to the citizen in promoting fair deal to all parties concerned in the society.

Writer could be reached on Sarath dw28@gmail.com

කරගන්න බැරිව නාගෙන දගලන රට කරවන හැටි මහින්ද තේරෙන සිංහලෙන් කියයි..

January 29th, 2017

ඒකාබද්ද විපක්‍ෂය විසින් නුගේගොඩදී පැවැත්වූ ජනහමුව අමතමින් හිටපු ජනාධිපති මහින්ද රාජපක්‍ෂ මහතා මෙසේ අදහස් පල කලේය.

මහින්ද යුගයේ බැදුම්කර වංචා සිදුව නෑ.. – මුදල් ඇමතිට ඩබල් මල පැන්න විගණකාධිපතිගෙන් රහසේ ඉල්ලූ වාර්තාව මෙන්න..

January 29th, 2017

| lanka C news | ලංකා සී නිවුස්

රජයේ විගණකාධිපතිගේ විගණන වාර්තාව සම්බන්ධව මුදල් අමාත්‍යවරයාගේ නොහොබිනා හැසිරිම සම්බන්ධව ප්‍රකාශ කරමින් රජයේ විගණකාධිපති ගාමිණී විජේසිංහ මහතා කල ප්‍රකාශයක් සන්ඩේ ටෛම්ස් පුවත් පතේ සඳහන් වේ.

එතුමා පවසන පරිදි “මම වෛද්‍යවයෙක් වගේ, මට පශ්චාත් මරණ පරික්ෂණය සිදු කොට වාර්තාවක් ලබාදෙන ලෙස නියෝග කරනවා. මම වාර්තාව ලබාදීමට කටයුතු කිරිමෙන් පසු එහි අඩංගු කරුණු සම්බන්ධව ඔහුන් සතුටු නොවන අතර ඒ හරහා මගේ වෘත්තීමය ගරුත්වය විනාශ කිරීමට කටයුතු කරනවා යයි පැවසිය.

රජයේ ඉල්ලිම මත මහා බැංකුවේ 2005 සිට 2015 දක්වා සිදු වූ භාණ්ඩාගාර බැදුම්කර පිලිබඳ විගණන වාර්තාවක් ලබාදීමට රජයේ විගණකාධිපතිතුමා විසින් කටයුතු කරන ලදි. එහිදි මුදල් අමාත්‍යවරයා විසින් භාණ්ඩාගාර බැදුම්කර පිලිබඳ විශේෂිත වූ කරුණු 10 ක් සම්බන්ධව කරුණු පරීක්ෂා කොට වාර්තාවක් ඉදිරිපත් කරන ලෙස දන්වා තිබු අතර ඒ සඳහා සියලු ලිපිගොනු පරික්ෂාවට ලක් කොට විගණන වාර්තාව පිලියෙල කිරීමට රජයේ විගණන දෙපාර්තමේන්තුව කටයුතු කරන ලදි.

ඒ අතර මුදල් අමාත්‍යවරයා විසින් රජයේ විගණකාධිපතිවරයා අපහසුවට පත් කරමින් අවස්ථාවන් ගනනකදීම සිහි කැදවීම කොට එම කාර්යය නිසියාකාරව කිරිමට ඇති ඉඩකඩ අහුරා ඇති බව එම විගණන වාර්තාවේ පිටු අංක 18 හි 3.6 ඡේදයේ මෙසේ සඳහන් වේ:-
“2008 වර්ෂයේ සිට 2016 දක්වා අවස්ථා 2136 කදි කර තිබු බැදුම්කර නිකුත් කිරිම් වලට අදාළව ප්‍රශ්න දහයට පිලිතුරු සැපයීම සඳහා 1997 වර්ෂයේ සිට ආරම්භ කර තිබු බැදුම්කර නිකුත් කිරිම් ක්‍රියාවලිය පිලිබඳව ගැබුරින් පරීක්ෂා කල යුතු වුවද, මුදල් අමාත්‍යවරයාගේ නොඉවසිලිමත් සහ අචාරශිලිත්වයෙන් තොර සිහි කැදවීම් හේතුවෙන් එවැනි ගැබුරු පරීක්ෂාවන් සඳහා ප්‍රමාණවත් කාලයක් මෙම කාර්‍ය සඳහා යෙදවිය නොහැකි වීම”.

තවද පසුගිය රජය සමයේ නිසි අනුමැතියන් තොරව මෙසේ බැදුම්කර අලෙවි කොට ඇත් ද යන මුදල් අමාත්‍යවරයාගේ පැනයට පිලිතුරු දෙමින් රජයේ විගණකාධිපති නීරික්ෂන ඉදිරිපත් කරමින් සඳහන් කොට ඇත්තේ. වාර්තාවේ පිටු අංක 19 හි 4.1 යටතේ
VII.හී
“2005 වර්ෂයේ අප්‍රෙල් මස සිට හෝ එයට පෙර කාලයක් සිට 2015 වර්ෂය දක්වාම සaජු ක්‍රමයට බැදුම්කර නිකුත්කර තිබිම සහ එය අවිධිමත් ක්‍රියාවක් බවට අනාවරනය වූ බව සාක්ෂි නොවිම. ඒ අනුව මහා බැංකුව විසින් විධිමත් මුදල් මණ්ඩල අනුමැතියකින් තොරව සaජු ක්‍රමයට බැදුම්කර නිකුත්කර ඇති බව විශ්වාස කිරීමට හේතුවන ප්‍රමාණවත් කරුණු මාගේ අවධානයට ලක් නොවීය.” යන්නයි.

2005 සිට 2015 දක්වා සිදු වූ භාණ්ඩාගාර බැදුම්කර පිලිබඳ විගණන වාර්තාව මෙතනින්

http://www.auditorgeneral.gov.lk/web/images/special_report/Bond_report/direct_placement/Bond-Report-on-direct-placement-ceylon-bank-of-srilanka.pdf

බෙදිම්වාදී රාවය කාරයා කුපිත වූ , රට බෙදන ව්‍යවස්ථාවට එරෙහි අස්ගිරි විහාරයේ මැදිහත්වීම

January 29th, 2017

සටහන : යටියන ප්‍රදීප් කුමාර යුතුකම  

 ඉඩම් බලතල , පොලිස් බලතල පළාත් සභාවලට දෙමින් වෙනම රටක් ඇති කිරීමේ යෝජිත ෆෙඩරල් ආණ්ඩුක්‍රම ව්‍යවස්ථා සංශෝධනයට භික්ෂූන් වහන්සේලා වශයෙන් තමන් වහන්සේලා එරෙහි වෙද්දී බෙදුම්වාදී ගැත්තන් කලබලවී භික්ෂූන් වහන්සේලාට එරෙහිව අවලාද නගමින් සිටින බට අස්ගිරි මහ විහාර පාර්ශවයේ ගරු ලේඛකාධිකාරී ආචාර්ය පූජ්‍ය මැදගම ධම්මානන්ද නාහිමියෝ පෙවා දෙති.
විසේෂයෙන් පසුගියදා මල්වතු – අස්ගිරි විහාරවලට පැමිණි අග්‍රාමාත්‍යවරයාට යෝජිත ව්‍යවස්ථාවෙන් රටට සිදුවන විපත පිළිබඳ සඳහන් කරමින් බාරදුන් සංදෙශය පිළිබඳව බෙදුම්වාදයට කත් අදින රාවය පුවත්පත කලබලයට පත්ව තමන් වහන්සේ ඇතුළු භික්ෂූන් වහන්සේලාට එරෙහිව පුවත්පත හරහා අවලාද ගසමින් සිටින බව උන් වහන්සේ සඳහන් කරති.

ඒ කුමනාකාර අවලාද නැගුවත් රට දැය සමය පිළිබඳ භික්ෂූන් වහන්සේල්කා වෙත පැවරුණු වගකීම ඉටු කිරීමට කිසි සේත් පසුබට නොවන බව උන් වහන්සේ අවධාරණය කරති.

ඒ පිළිබඳ අදහස් පළකළ මැදගම ධමානන්ද නාහිමියෝ ” ඔය රාවය කාරයා පුවත්පතේ බහුතරයක් පළකරන්නේ සිංහල බෞද්ධ විරෝධී දේවල් පමණයි.පසුගිය සතියේ දාලා තිබුණේ “අස්ගිරි නාහිමියන් නොමග යවන්නේ කවුද?” යනුවෙන් ලිපියක්.අපි සංඝ සභාවක් හැටියට අපට අයිතියක් තිබෙනවා අපේ මහ නායක හාමුදුරුවන් සමග සාකච්චා කරල උපදෙස් දෙන්න.මේකට ඔවුන් කියනවා මහින්ද රාජපක්ෂ ඒකීය රාජ්‍ය ගැන කතා කරනවා .ඒ හඬ තමයි මේ අස්ගිරියෙන් නැගෙන්නේ කියලා.
මොවුන් ඉතිහාසය පුරාම කටයුතු කරල තිබෙන්නේ බෙදුම්වාදී උවමනාවටයි.”

එහිදී මනෝහර ද සිල්වා මහතාගේ ‘ව්‍යවස්ථා සංශෝධන’ ග්‍රන්ථය ගැන අදහස් පළකළ ධම්මානන්ද නාහිමියෝ “මෙම අගනා ග්‍රන්ථය සම්පාදනය කරමින් කාලීන අවශ්‍යතාවය ඉෂ්ඨ කර\මින් මෙලෙස ව්‍යවස්ථා සංශෝධනවලට අදාල කරුණු ඉතා හොඳින් විග්‍රහ කරමින් මනෝහරද සිල්වා මහතා සිදුකළ කාර්‍ය අප සියළු දෙනාගේ පැසසුමට ලක් විය යුතුයි.
රට වෙනුවෙන් ,සිංහල ජාතිය වෙනුවෙන් ක්‍රියාකළ නීතීඥ ගාමිණී ඊරියගොල්ල ,අධිනීතීඥ එස් එල් ගුණසේකර මැතිතුමා , ආර් එස් වනසුන්දර මැතිතුමා ආදීන් ක්‍රියාකළ අභීත ආකාරය ඊලඟ පරපුරට ගෙනයන වියතෙකු ලෙස මනෝහර ද සිල්වා මහතාට මහා සංඝරත්නයේ ප්‍රසාදය පළ කරන්න කැමතියි.

රට විනාශ කරමින් , රට බෙදමින් අනාගත ව්‍යසනයකට,ඛේදවාචකයකට රට ඇද දමමින් ක්‍රියාත්මක කිරීමට යන මේ ෆෙඩරල් ව්‍යවස්ථාව වලක්වා ගැනීමට අවශ්‍ය ජනතා දැනුවත් කිරීමට මහෝපකාරි වෙන මේ ග්‍රන්ථය රටට දැයට ආදරය සියළු දෙනාම කියවිය යුතුයි.” යනුවෙන් පැවසූහ.

මැදගම ධම්මානන්ද හිමියන් පැවැත්වූ සම්පූර්ණ දේශනය පහත සබැඳියෙන්

සටහන : යටියන ප්‍රදීප් කුමාර
යුතුකම සංවාද කවය
www.yuthukama.com

රේගු වෙන්දේසියට තබා ඇති Rose Wood දැව තොගය අඩු මිලට ලබාගැනීම

January 29th, 2017

සමස්ත ලංකා රේගු සේවා සංගමය. 

ගරු ජනාධිපති තුමා                                                                                             
ජනාධිපති ලේකම්කාර්යාලය
කොළඹ 01.

මැතිතුමනි.

රේගු වෙන්දේසියට තබා ඇති Rose Wood දැව තොගය අඩු මිලට ලබාගැනීම සදහා දරන උත්සාහය වලක්වන ලෙස ඉල්ලීම.

නීති විරෝධී ලෙස ශ‍්‍රිලංකාව හරහා ප‍්‍රවාහනය කරමින් තිබියදී අත්අඩංගුවට ගෙන රාජ සන්තක කරන ලද රු කෝටි 100 කටත් වඩා වටිනා ඍදිැ උදදා දැව මෙට්ට්‍රික් ටොන් 415ක් පසුගිය මාසයේ රේගු වෙන්දේසියට තබන ලදි.

එහෙත් රේගුව අපේක්‍ෂා කල මිල ගණන් ඉදිරිපත් නොවූ බැවින් එම දැව තොගය යලිත් වරක් 2017.01.28 වන දින වෙන්දේසියට ඉදිරිපත් කිරීම සදහා කටයුතු කරමින් සිටින විට රේගු අධ්‍යක්‍ෂ ජෙනරාල් වරයා එම දැව තොගය වෙන්දේසියට නොතබන ලෙස නිලධාරීන්ට දැනුම් දී තිබේ. 

පසුව කරන ලද සොයා බැලීම් වලදී හෙළිදරව් වූයේ ධැව තොගය සදහා ඉල්ලූම් කරන්නන් විසින් තැබිය යුතු රු. මිලියන 12ක ආපසුව ගෙවන තැන්පතුවට අමතරව රු මිලියන 10ක ආපසු නොගෙවන තැන්පතුවක් තැබිය යුතු බවට වන කොන්දේසියක් ටෙන්ඩර් පත‍්‍රිකාවට ඇතුල් කිරීම සදහා රේගු අධ්‍යක්‍ෂ ජනරාල් වරයා විසින් මහා භාණ්ඩාගාරයෙන් අනුමැතිය ඉල්ලා ඇති අතර එකී අනුමැතිය ලැබෙන තෙක් දැව තොගය වෙන්දේසියෙන් ඉවත්කර ඇති බවයි.

රේගු අධ්‍යක්‍ෂ ජනරාල් වරයාගේ මෙම උත්සාහය සාර්ථක වුවහොත් Rose Wood දැව තොගයට කිසිවෙකු මිල ගණන් ඉදිරිපත් නොකරනු ඇත. එවිට මෙම ක‍්‍රියාවලිය පිටුපස සිටින පුද්ගලයා කවුරුන්හෝ ඉතා අඩු මිලක් ඉදිරිපත් කර මෙම දැව තොගය මිලදී ගනු ඇත. අපගේ අවබෝධයේ හැටියට රේගු අධ්‍යක්‍ෂක ජනරාල් වරයාට මෙවැනි බලපෑමක් කළ හැක්කේ මුදල් ඇමතිවරයාට පමණි.

එබැවින් මේ රටේ  ඕනෑම පුරවැසියෙකුට මෙම දැව තොගය සදහා මිල ගණන් ඉදිරිපත් කිරීමට අයිතිය ආරක්‍ෂා කර දෙන ලෙසත් ඒ මගින් මහා භාණ්ඩාගාරයට බැරවිය යුතු අති විශාල මුදලක් ජාවාරම් කරුවන් අතට පත්වීම වැලැක්වීම සදහාත් අවශ්‍ය පියවර ගන්නා මෙන් ඉල්ලා සිටිමු.

ස්තූතියි,

මෙයට විශ්වාසී,
ජේ. ඒ ගුණතිලක
ලේකම් 
සමස්ත ලංකා රේගු සේවා සංගමය. 

සම්බන්ධීකරනය – ජේ.ඒ. ගුණතිලක – 071-8246948

ජාතික විගණන පනත ක්‍රියාත්මක පාර්ලිමේන්තුවට ඉදිරිපත් කරන ලෙස කැෆේ සංවිධානය ගරු ජනාධිපතුමන් වෙතින් සිදු කරන විවෘත ආයාචනයයි.

January 29th, 2017

පුවත්පත් නිවේදනය කැෆේ සංවිධානය

ගරු ජනාධිපතිතුමනි,

ජාතික විගණන පනතට 2016 සැප්තෑම්බර් මස නීතිපතිවරයාගේ අනුමත කරනු ලැබීය. පනත සම්බන්ධයෙන් කටයුතු කරනු ලබන කැබිනට් අනු කමිටුට විසින් පනත සම්බන්ධයෙන් ලබාදුන් නිර්දේශ සියල්ලම අවසන් අනුමැතිය ලැබූ පනත් කෙටුම්පතට ඇතුලත් කරනු ලැබ ඇත. 

මේ වන විට විගණකාධිපතිවරයා ද, අනෙකුත් උනන්දුවක් දක්වන පාර්ශව සියල්ල ද ‘ජාතික විගණන පනත’ සම්බන්ධයෙන් සිය එකගතාව ලබා දී ඇත.  ජාතික විගණන පනත සම්බන්ධයෙන් තවදුරටත් ඉතිරිව ඇත්තේ එය ගැසට් මගින් ප්‍රකාශයට පත් කිරීම සහ පාර්ලිමේන්තුවේ විවාදය සදහා ගැනීම පමණී. 

ගරු ජනාධිපතිතුමන් අප සංවිධානය පැවැත්වූ සාකච්ඡාවක දී ප්‍රකාශ කර සිටියේ 2017 ජනවාරි මස ජාතික විගණන පනත ගැසට් මගින් ප්‍රකාශයට පත් කරන බවයි.  නීනිඥ ජේ.සී.වැලිඅමුණ මහතා ප්‍රමුඛ කණ්ඩායමක් මේ පිළිබද ගරු ජනාධිපතිතුමන් සමග පැවැත්වූ සාකච්ඡාවේ දී ජනාධිපති ලේකම් පී.බී.අබේකෝන් මහතා වෙත මෙම පනත ගැසට් කිරීමේ වගකීම පවරනු ලැබීය.  ඉහත තත්වයන් යටතේ, 2017 ජනවාරි 8 දින පනත ජාතික විගණන පනත ගැසට් මගින් ප්‍රකාශයට පත් කරනු ඇතැයි අප ඒ අනුව බලාපොරොත්තු තබා සිටියෙමු.

ජාතික විගණන පනත යථාර්ථයක් බවට පත් කිරීමට දැඩි වෙහෙසක් ගත් වත්මන් පාර්ලිමේන්තුවේ ගරු කථානායක කරු ජයසූරිය මහතා ද 2017 වසරේ ජනවාරි මස මෙම පනත පාර්ලිමේන්තුවට ඉදිරිපත්වනු ඇතැයි අවස්ථා ගණනාවක බලාපොරොත්තු පළ කළේය.

දුෂණ වැලැක්වීම සදහා දැවැන්ත සමාජ කතිකාවතක් ඇරඹී ඇති මෙම අවස්ථාවේ දී ජාතික විගණන පනත නීතියක් බවට පත් කොට එය ක්‍රියාත්මක කිරීම අතිශයින් එලදායී වනු ඇත්තේය.  එබැවින්,  ජාතික විගණන පනත හැකි ඉක්මනින් ගැසට් මගින් ප්‍රකාශයට පත් කිරීම සදහා ජනාධිපති ලේකම්වරයාට උපදෙස් ලබා දෙන මෙන් කැෆේ සංවිධානය ගරු ජනාධිපති මෛත්‍රීපාල සිරිසේන මහතා ගෙන් ඉතා කාරුණිකව ඉල්ලා සිටී.

කීර්ති තෙන්නකෝන්

විධායක අධ්‍යක්ෂ/කැෆේ සංවිධානය

2017 ජනවාරි මස 29 වැනිදා

 

Thousands throng Brahmaputra Literary Festival

January 29th, 2017

 By NJ Thakuria

Guwahati: Creative writers, journalists, filmmakers, vivid appreciators, enthusiast observers from various parts of the globe now gather at Brahmaputra Literary Festival in the far eastern part of India. First of its kinds in the alienated region of the country, the festival witnessed the gala opening on Saturday precluding all serious panel discussions on literature and related other creative activities.

Eminent authors including Randy Taguchi from Japan, Neal Hall from USA, Carlo Pizaati, Giampaolo Simi & Alessandra Bertini from Italy, Francois Gautier & Nicolos Idier from France, Carlos Penalver from Spain, Subramani from Fiji,  Dhunpal Raj Heeraman & Ramdeo Dhorundhur from Mauritius, Selina Hussain & Shaheen Akhtar from Bangladesh, Rajiva Wijesinha from Sri Lanka, Raj Heeramun, Ramdev Dhoorandhar & Niranjan Kunwar from Nepal, Yugyen Tshering from Bhutan have already graced Srimanta Sankardev Kalakshetra, the venue of the festival.

UNION MINISTER OF HUMAN RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT SHRI PRAKASH JAVADEKAR LIGHTING THE LAMP TO INAUGURATE THE BRAHMAPUTRA LITERARY FESTIVAL AT GUWAHATI ON 28TH JANUARY 2017 ( PIB PHOTO BY S K DARJEE )

Many prominent Indian writers and cultural personalities like Asha Parekh, Shatrughan Sinha, Rakyesh Omprakash Mehra Damodar Mauzo, Subhash Kashyap, Makarand Paranjpe, Narendra Kohli, Khalid Mohammed, Dipa Choudhuri are scheduled to participate in various sessions of the festival including open interaction with the audience.

Some famed north-eastern creative personalities and journalists including  Sanjoy Hazarika, Arup Kumar Dutta, Jahnavi Barua, Mamang Dai, Pradip Phanjoubam, Monalisa Chankija, Dhruba Hazarika, Yeshe Dorjee  Thongchi, Leena Sarma, Jnan Pujari, Phanindra Kumar Debachoudhury, Kula Saikia, Rami Chhabra, Vimala Morthala, Aniz Uz Zaman, Monikuntala Bhattacharjya, Dileep Chandan along with Utpal Borpujari, Nilim Kumar, Suparna Lahiri Baruah, Mirza Ali Baig, Prasanta Rajguru, Mrinal Talukdar, Arindam Barkataki, Samrat Chowdhury, Nanigopal Mahanta,  Imran Hussain, Ratna Barali Talukdar, Atanu Bhattachrya, Geetali Borah etc arrived at the venue for cohesive participation.

With this three-day fiesta, jointly organised by the National Book Trust India (under HRD ministry) and Publication Board Assam (under Assam’s education ministry), the city has emerged as an important venue of literary festivals in the country. With brain storming  panel discussions, book releases & readings, cultural events including screenings of films based on literary pieces etc, the festival is expected to enrich the literary prospect of the region to many extend.

Inaugurating the festival, the Union human resources development minister Prakash Javadekar appealed to the litterateur and authors to contribute for the mission to build a culturally sound society through their literary pieces reflecting the truth. Once a journalist, Javadekar also assured the government’s support in ensuring the freedom of thought & expressions.

Assam chief minister Sarbananda Sonowal, State education minister Himanta Biswa Sarma, celebrated authors  Randy Taguchi, Mamang Dai and Damodar Mauzo, NBT chairman Baldeo Bhai Sharma & director Rita Choudhury also addressed the gathering under the winter sky. Earlier a spectacular literary carnival led the participants to the festival venue in the southern part of the pre-historic city.

චෝදනා සහිත පුද්ගලයෙකු අධිකරණ සේවයට බදවා ගැනීම පෙර විමර්ශනයක් පවත්වන්න – මානව හිමිකම් කේන්ද්‍රයෙන් අධිකරණ සේවා කොමිෂන් සභාවට ඉල්ලීමක්

January 29th, 2017

ශ්‍රී ලංකා මානව හිමිකම් කේන්ද්‍රය පුවත්පත් නිවේදනය

ශ්‍රී ලංකා අධිකරණයේ මහෙස්ත්‍රාත්වරයෙකු ලෙස පත්වීම් ලැබූ ඩී.එම්.ඒ.අයි.දිසානායක මහතා සම්බන්ධයෙන් අධිකරණ සේවා කොමිෂන් සභාව වෙත නිවැරදි නොවන කරුණු ඉදිරිපත් කිරීම ඇතුළු කරුණු ගණනාවක් යටතේ විමර්ශන පවත්වන ලෙස ශ්‍රී ලංකා මානව හිමිකම් කේන්ද්‍රය හා කැෆේ පැමිණිල්ලක් ඉදිරිපත් කරනු ලැබීය.

අධිකරණ සේවා කොමිෂන් සභාව විසින් 2016 ඔක්තෝබර් මස 14 දින දිණමින පුවත්පතේ අධිකරණ සේවය සදහා අලුතින් බදවා ගනු ලැබූ පුද්ගයින් පිළිබද ලේඛණයක් මුල් වරට ප්‍රසිද්ධ කරනු ලැබීය.  අධිකරණ සේවය සදහා බදවා ගැනීමේ දී පෙර චෝදනා සහිත පුද්ගලයින් සම්බන්ධයෙන් තොරතුරු සොයා බැලීම සදහා වන අවස්ථාවක් ලබාදීම සදහා මෙම පියවර ගෙන තිබුණි. අධිකරණ සේවාව සදහා බදවාගැනීමේ ක්‍රියාවලියේ විනිවිද භාවයක් ඇති කිරීම සදහා සිදුකල දිගුකාලීන අරගලයේ ප්‍රතිඑලයක් ලෙස ලද මෙම අවස්ථාව යොදාගනිමින් නුසුදුසු පුද්ගලයින් එම තනතුර සදහා පත්වීම වලක්වා ගැනීම අප විසින් සිදුකල පැමිණිල්ලේ අරමුණ විය.

ශ්‍රී ලංකා මානව හිමිකම් කේන්ද්‍රය වෙත ලැබුණු  තොරතුරු සියල්ල අධිකරණ සේවා කොමිෂන් සභාව වෙත ඉදිරිපත් කර උක්ත පත්වීම සිදු කිරීමට පෙර නැවත ඔහු පිළිබදව සොයා බැලීමක් සිදු කරන ලෙස සහ සුදුසු වෙනත් විමර්ශන ක්‍රියාවලියක් අප විසින් ඉල්ලා සිටින ලදී.

අධිකරණයේ ස්වාධීනත්වය සදහා දීර්ඝ වුත්, දුෂ්කර වූත් මාවතක අප පැමිණ සිටින්නෙමු.  කුමන ආකාරයකින් හෝ නුසුදුසු පුද්ගලයින් අධිකරණ කේෂත්‍රයට ඇතුලත්වීම වලක්වා ගැනීමේ වැදගත්කම ලෙනින් රත්නායක සිදුවීම හරහා ද තවත් එවන් ප්‍රසිද්ධියට පත් නොවූ සිදුවීම් හරහා ද අප අත් දැක ඇත්තෙමු. 

කෙසේ නමුත්, පැමිණිල්ල ඉදිරිපත් කිරීමට පෙර නීති කේෂ්ත්‍රයේ විවිධ පාර්ශව සමග මේ පිළිබද අදහස් විමසීමක් ශ්‍රී ලංකා මානව හිමිකම් කේන්ද්‍රය විසින් සිදු කරනු ලැබීය.  මෙම පුද්ගලයා සම්බන්ධයෙන් ශ්‍රී ලංකා නීතිඥ සංගමය වෙත ද පැමිණිලි ඉදිරිපත් වී තිබූ අතර ඔවුන් ද එය අධිකරණ සේවා කොමිෂන් සභාව වෙත වාචිකව යොමු කර ඇත.  අධිකරණ සේවයට බදවා ගැනීම සම්බන්ධයෙන් මෙවර සිදුකළ එකම ලිඛිත පැමිණිල්ල ශ්‍රී ලංකා මානව හිමිකම් කේන්ද්‍රයේ සහ කැෆේ සංවිධානයේ විධායක අධ්‍යක්ෂ කීර්ති තෙන්නකෝන් මහතා විසින් ඉදිරිපත් කර තිබුණි.

අධිකරණ කේෂ්ත්‍රයේ ප්‍රතිසංවිධාන සදහා බලපෑම් කණ්ඩායමක් ලෙස කටයුතු කරන ශ්‍රී ලංකා මානව හිමිකම් කේන්ද්‍රය සහ කැෆේ සංවිධානය මෙරට සිවිල් සංවිධාන හා පුරවැසියන්ගෙන් ඉල්ලා සිටින්නේ අධිකරණ විනිසුරුවරුන් සම්බන්ධයෙන් පැමිණිලි කිරීමේ ක්‍රමවේදයක් අධිකරණ සේවා කොමිෂන් සභාව විසින් ආරම්භ කොට ඇති බැවින් එම අවස්ථාවෙන් ප්‍රයෝජන ගැනීමට කටයුතු කරල ලෙසයි.

 

මාධ්‍ය ඒකකය

කැෆේ සංවිධානය

2017 ජනවාරි මස 28 වැනිදා

 

Rajith Keerthi Tennakoon
Executive Director/CaFFE
Executive Director/CHR-Sri Lanka
100/19 A, Welikadawatta Road,
Rajagiriya,Sri Lanka.

Contradictions galore!

January 29th, 2017

Editorial Courtesy The Island

The government tries to promote itself as a good governance coalition. But, it is, in fact, a coalition of contradictions in that its constituents and leaders keep contradicting one another ad nauseam. What we hear from its top guns on crucial national issues has all the trappings of a babble of voices in a toddy bar; nay, it is more incomprehensible than shebeen gabble.

Cabinet Spokesman Dr. Rajitha Senaratne, last Wednesday, tried to defend Prime Minister Ranil Wickremesinghe, who attended a recent ceremony where a factory was launched by a frontman of the Rajapaksa family, had come to know about the background of that investor only a few hours before the event. But, Minister Malik Samarawickrama contradicted Senaratne immediately afterwards; he said both the PM and President Maithripala Srisena had been quite au fait with the background of the entrepreneur concerned. Now, it is clear that the government is honeymooning with the persons it once condemned as crooked cronies of the former ruling clan!

In the run-up to the last presidential election the UNP and the Maithripala faction of the SLFP promised to abolish the executive presidency, which, they insisted, was the mother of all evils in Sri Lankan politics. President Sirisena declared, upon being inaugurated, that he would never seek a second term. But, now the SLFP has suddenly woken up to the need for retaining the executive presidency and is preparing the ground for fielding President Sirisena as the SLFP’s next presidential candidate much to the consternation of the UNP.

The UNP insists that former Central Bank Governor Arjuna Mahendran has not been on the wrong side of the law as regards the bond scams which have caused the state coffers and the Employee’s Provident Fund to haemorrhage colossal amounts of money. But, President Sirisena has faulted Mahendran, denied him a second term as the Central Bank Governor and ordered a presidential probe into the bond scams.

Government pundits have maintained during the last two years that LTTE threat is a thing of the past. Anyone who warns of a possible LTTE comeback is promptly branded a racist. LTTE cadres are being released and high security zones dismantled at a rate. When a former Tiger was arrested in March last year with a suicide jacket, claymore mines and ammunition, some government ministers claimed there was no threat to national security and the media were blowing the issue out of proportion. But, The Hindu newspaper has recently reported that the Sirisena-Wickremesinghe government has warned TNA MP M. A. Sumanthiran of a serious threat to his life. The MP is quoted as saying that the government has shared some specific information about the threat and four persons have been arrested in that connection. So much for the government’s claim that the LTTE threat has long ceased to exist!

President Sirisena keeps saying there has been no agreement to hand over land in Hambantota to foreigners. But, UNP members of his Cabinet say 15,000 acres in areas adjacent to the Hambantota Port will be leased out to some Chinese investors for 99 years. Who is telling us the truth?

President Sirisena has gone on record as saying that his predecessor opted for a snap presidential election because the latter had been at its wits’ end, unable to figure out how to face an impending economic crisis. He has given the impression that Mahinda Rajapaksa ran away, not knowing how to steer the ship of the state to safety. But, the incumbent government claims Rajapaksa was planning a coup to stay in power despite his defeat at the Jan. 2015 presidential election! If he had sought to run away from trouble on the economic front, he could have refrained from seeking a third term or he would not have tried to retain power forcibly!

The UNP pretends to be on a mission to restore the supremacy of Parliament. But, last week, its heavyweights argued in the House in favour of a judicial intervention as regards the COPE (Committee on Public Enterprises) report on the bond scams. They took on JVP MP Bimal Ratnayake, who pointed out the absurdity of MPs being summoned by a court for carrying out their duties and functions as members of a parliamentary watchdog committee. The Constitution does not provide for post enactment judicial review. Prime Minister Ranil Wickremesinghe tore into the judiciary some moons ago for allegedly trying to usurp the powers of the legislature anent the Singarasa case. The UNP has also taken pride in the late Speaker Anura Bandaranaike’s historic ruling (2001), which rejected a Supreme Court interim order seeking to prevent him from dealing with a parliamentary resolution to probe the then Chief Justice until the apex court had heard and determined a fundamental rights application before it. As they say in this country a water monitor becomes a land monitor when one feels like eating it.

It is not only the members of the yahapalana coalition who keep contradicting themselves; their foreign allies also do. The present dispensation has received plaudits from the US and the EU for ‘meaningful steps’ it is said to have taken to battle corruption. But, Sri Lanka has, under the yahapalana watch, slipped 12 points on the 2016 Corruption Perception Index (CPI) released by the Transparency International, which ranks countries according to the perceived level of public sector corruption. Sri Lanka was ranked 85th on the CPI in 2014 under the previous government. How would the defenders of the Sirisena-Wickremesinghe administration explain this mismatch between its claim to have contained corruption and the CPI rankings?

Who is helping business tycoon Nandana Lokuwithana?

January 29th, 2017

BY Cassendra Doole Courtesy Ceylon Today

On 5 January 2017, the foundation stone for what was then said to be the largest tyre-manufacturing factory in the country was laid under the auspices of Prime Minister Ranil Wickremesinghe. An investment of Rs 11.25 billion was made for the factory which is based in the Wagawatthe Board of Investment Industrial Zone in Horana. However, information later revealed that the tyre-factory is owned by business tycoon Nandana Lokuwithana, a very close ally of the Rajapaksa family.

Rajitha claims PM
was unaware

Co-Cabinet spokesperson Rajitha Senaratne said Prime Minister Wickremesinghe was not aware that the businessman behind the tyre factory in Horana was Lokuwithana until the morning of the opening ceremony.

Responding to a question on why the Prime Minister attended the opening of the tyre factory, which is owned by a pro-Rajapaksa businessman with a controversial past, Senaratne said, “The Prime Minister did not know who owned the factory until the morning of the opening ceremony. He decided to go, after long deliberation, because the announcement that he would be there had already been made.”

Senaratne said he blames certain ministers for misleading the Prime Minister and added that the tyre factory cannot be built until the agreement is renegotiated.

“He [Lokuwithana] has got 100 acres of land, in the Wagawatte Industrial Zone (WIZ), on a 99-year lease for an annual rent of just Rs 100 an acre. That is not done, there are regulations regarding how sale and lease of land can take place in the country.

No one can violate them, not even the President. The BOI usually charges US $ 40,000 (Rs. 6 million) an acre for a 50-year lease of WIZ land. That is the rate Lokuwithana has to pay,” he said.

Reasons

Senaratne said one of the reasons for such incidents is the fact that the Cabinet Committee on Economic Management (CCEM) has been allowed to go above the line minister. “The President has now stated that everything has to come from the line minister, who now has the power to override the Cabinet Committee on Economic Management (CCEM).

Lokuwithana was awarded a 100-acre block of land at the Wagawatte Industrial Zone on a 99-year lease, at an annual rent of just Rs 100 an acre, to build Rigid Tyre Corporation (Pvt) Ltd. The foundation stone was laid on 5 January. The annual rent for an acre of WIZ land is US$ 3,850. At Rs 100, Lokuwithana gets a discount of 99.98 per cent on each acre.

Maliks
contradiction

Rejecting claims made by Minister Rajitha Senaratne with regard to the Horana Tyre factory, Development Strategies and International Trade Minister Malik Samarawickrama said he had informed both the President and the Prime Minister about the investor of the factory well in advance.

The statement made by Rajitha Senaratne on the issue is also incorrect, he said.

“It is necessary to emphasize the fact that, both the President and the Prime Minister were aware of the investor since I, myself informed them well in advance.

“Furthermore, two Cabinet papers i.e. initially one proposing the land and then giving details of the incentives and other terms were submitted on the project and in addition, the project was discussed and endorsed at several meetings of the Cabinet Committee on Economic Management.

Incorrect
statement

The statement that the land was given for Rs 100 per acre is incorrect. In fact, the government Chief Valuer had valued the land at Rs 170, 825, 000 and the investor has agreed to pay the total amount upfront. The Chief Valuer has also indicated that a further

Rs 10, 000 be charged as an annual nominal fee.

Further details pertaining to the project are given below:

The 100-acre land at Horana, Wagawaththa Industrial Zone is a bare undeveloped land undulating in most areas. Based on the technical investigations done by Central Engineering and Consultancy Bureau (CECB), it is noted that the investor has to incur a sum of about Rs 300 to 400 million as per the estimate to bring the land to a usable state. The investor claims that around 3 million layer of weak soil has to be removed throughout 25 acres of the land.

BOI is not providing any infrastructure facilities like in other zones- e.g. even the waste disposal treatment plant will be constructed by the investor. Similarly, all internal roads will have to be constructed by the investor.

Based on the valuation of land by the government Chief Valuer an upfront payment of Rs 170 million is to be paid by the investor. Since the project requires a large extent of land, the investor requested the land be leased to him based on the valuation determined by the Chief Valuer on the basis that infrastructure will be provided by him. The request by the investor was accommodated by us in view of the high value of the investment of the project and the significant contribution expected to the economy particularly linked with the rubber industry.

Promoting
investment

BOI should promote investment and if necessary, regulations and rules need to be changed to attract investments as the current regulations have failed to bring in investors. The (Foreign Direct investments) FDIs in 2015 was USD 970 million and in 2016 it will be around USD 450 million, which is extremely low by any standard.

The total investment of the project is USD 75 million

(Rs 11.25 billion). The project will employ around 3, 000 workers. It will add value to the rubber produced in Sri Lanka and convert raw rubber to radial and solid tyres. The annual export earnings will be above USD 125 million.

There will also be an inward transfer of technology as the Italian company Marangoni is expected to provide the technical know-how to produce tyres and other rubber based products.

There are similar BOI projects, on BOI owned properties, which have been given on long-term lease with an upfront payment and an annual fee is not charged from such projects – e.g. MAS Group was given 47 acres on a 50-year lease and upfront payment is to be received and no annual fee is charged. This was a well-developed property with buildings and other infrastructure, although major repairs/renovations will have to be undertaken by the investor (former Kabool Lace property).

Furthermore, a land vested in BOI in Kuliyapitiya was given on a freehold basis to Western Automobile Assembly for a proposed vehicle assembly plant. The BOI has also granted 357 acres in the same area on a 99-year lease for 1 USD per acre per annum to Merbok, in settlement of a dispute arising from a contract signed in 2000.

All expenses in developing the land, including constructing a treatment plant, internal roadways and obtaining transformers will be done by the investor. Therefore, the project should be considered on the same basis as the MAS project. The investor applied to set up the plant in March 2016 when they were eligible for the tax concessions under BOI.

Initially, BOI took steps to acquire a private land in Horana, but as the owners of the land were unwilling to sell the property, BOI was instructed not to acquire that land as per the President’s observation on Cabinet paper No MODSIT/3/CAB/16/8 dated 2 June 2016.

We believe the investor should not be penalized for the delay on the part of BOI to make the land available. Accordingly a Cabinet memorandum was submitted on 3 October 2016 identifying the BOI owned land at Wagawaththa and explaining the position.

Accordingly approval and tax concessions were granted by the Cabinet on the rates prevailing at the time of the application. In different countries promoting investment projects, various mechanisms exist for lease of land and providing infrastructure on case by case basis, based on evaluation of salient features of the project, level of infrastructure required, and extent of land. In India, in certain State land is given for one Indian rupee per acre per year to attract investors.

When proposals for investments are received, we do not look at the political affiliations of the investor, and projects are evaluated and approved on the basis of economic and social benefits to the country.”

UNP cannot manage country properly -Minister of Science and Technology Susil Premajayantha

January 29th, 2017

By Charminda Rodrigo Courtesy Ceylon Today

Minister of Science and Technology Susil Premajayantha questions how many of the targets set by the budget presented in 2016 have been achieved so far? “If they are out to create a ‘powerful Sri Lanka’ they need to set the targets for GDP, power and energy creation, agriculture production and various other sectors”.

Excerpts:

?: What do you think about the present political developments in the country?

A: Well, present political developments are escalating into a critical state for the government unless we identify them and address them immediately.

?: What do you really mean when you say a critical state for the government?

A: There are many critical issues. Amongst them one is the heap of debt this government had inherited at the inception. Now most of the loans are reaching the end of their grace period so they have begun repayments. We have a trade deficit of nearly US$ 9 billion. Our debt will increased another US$ 4 billion in the coming years when the real repayments of such loans begin. We do not earn much export revenue. Therefore, we have a large trade deficit and a huge national debt. We need to think of some creative ways out of the box to remedy these situations.

?: Did the former President Mahinda Rajapaksa call the presidential election early after foreseeing the issues you describe?

A: I do not have much knowledge regarding his intentions. Despite the debts, he might have had a feeling of being internationally pressured due to the Geneva problem. In electing him, the people put their trust in him, therefore, they cannot blame him now.

?: The former President at the rally in Nugegoda on 27 Friday, said Why did they take over the government if they knew that the country is in debt?. What do you think about this statement?

A: I’m also asking the same question. People who manage the finances in this government had asked for the power to show to others how they could efficiently manage the country. We have to introduce a better mechanism for the country. What really happens is that the government is merely trying to survive on the taxes imposed on the people. Just have a look at lending rates today, and how they have sky rocketed. It was 9% in 2015 but now it has escalated to 15%. How can one finance a venture with a bank loan under these lending rates? We cannot expect the savings to increase due to the fact that people would be left with no excess money to invest in banks. These figures should be managed properly to take the country forward.

?: You mean to say the UNP is not competent enough to manage the countrys finances since they basically control all the institutions directly related to the finances of the country?

A: Yes, I do not agree with their principles in financial management. UNP and SLFP policies clearly are very different.

Their model ‘New liberal economy’ is not at all practical. Country’s which followed these principles have taken a turn for the worse. Take a look at the United States. They are walking out of these principles under the new President. This system has failed all over the world. What the government today thinks is that global conditions during former President J.R. Jayewardene still prevail in the world. The dynamics have changed.

?: Former President Mahinda Rajapaksa had also been following more less the same principles to date. So, what made the difference?

A: It is like this. Mahinda Rajapaksa’s administration had not been able to attract investments until the war had come to an end. Even after the war they were not able to do it. So they walked through some real tough problems.

The trade deficit of the country is nearly US$9 billion. The government has to make this money using various means. Whatever the government does it will have a direct effect on inflation and the value of the rupee in the money markets. We need a constructive approach by limiting imports, by introducing alternative substitutes for the people. Tourists who visited the country during the war amounted to about 400,000 per annum. Now it has exceeded 2,000,000 per annum. We need to introduce some new ways to enable people to come up with new value additions in tourism. We need to benchmark the current standards and introduce new strategic initiatives to make these tourists spend more. This is a sector of greater economic potential. Another sector is the service sector.

It’s been so long but we were not able to line up these priorities right. Mahinda’s government was more inclined towards encouraging long-term investments such as the Mattala airport, Hambantota harbour etc. We need some projects in the country, which generate short-term revenues. All these activities should be directed at easing the burdens of the people.

?: Do you see any other measures to achieve the objective?

A: We need to plan all these steps properly. We can begin discussions with other countries for better terms for our imports such as crude oil. If we can discuss more flexible terms through inter-governmental dialogue, we could have an impact on the forex outflow. There are many commodities we heavily import annually. We have to identify them and formulate a plan to tackle the alternatives.

I have done this in my ministry. We have successfully concluded discussions with many countries for technology dissemination and transfer.

?: UNP recently introduced their economic master plan under the tagline of A powerful Sri Lanka. This document carries many economic initiatives. What do you think about it?,

A: A government should have a vision. Take a look at this document. I cannot see a mission statement or a policy statement in it. There are some pictures tangled up with some fairy tales. Look at what they have showcased in Kuliyapitiya. It has turned out to be a total disaster. See what happened in Horana, when they set out to establish a tyre factory. The whole investment has turned into a greater debacle. UNP does not have a direction. Look at the number of budget proposals rejected during the Appropriation Bill debate stage. How many of the targets set by the budget presented in 2016 have been achieved so far? If they are out to create a ‘powerful Sri Lanka’ they need to set the targets for GDP, power and energy creation, agriculture production and various other sectors. The UNP cannot manage the country properly. To manage the country right, they need to get the institutions that steer these policies in line. The once powerful Finance Ministry itself has been brought under the purview of three ministers. The institutions are working in isolation without any proper understanding of how the others function. Iran today has become No. 6 in the world in the use of Nano technology. However, it is not in our school curriculum. The world is moving far ahead of us. We need to get there within the shortest possible time.

?: Dont you think what we see today is the fruit of the past administration?

A: Well, I see it like this. Have we ever done a proper strength, weakness, opportunity and threat analysis for the Mattala Airport? Same goes for the Hambantota harbour. We intended having a second international airport. But have we been able to market it right to convert it to a profit making entity? There are thousands of ships passing southern Sri Lanka. Those ships are not going to dock in for services just because we have constructed a port in Hambantota. We need to have discussions with the shipping companies and relevant governments to bring at least some of the ships. We couldn’t manage it right.

?: What do you see as the way forward?

A: Well, I’m against selling off these public properties to individuals or countries. We need to have a solid plan. We should appoint right professionals to run public enterprises. That is how Singapore emerged as a wealthy nation. We have over 200 public enterprises. Consider the people appointed to spearhead these institutions. Why can’t we appoint top professionals to run these institutions? They know the art of management. There are top professionals in the private sector. Get them to manage these public enterprises provided that they are vested with the respective authority and compensation. Look at those appointed to SriLankan Airlines. The previous government appointed a planter and there is no difference about these appointments under the present government. These important positions are being filled to please political associates and friends.

 

?: If the government is to change what are the constitutional provisions available for the opposition to use?

A: The President plays a decisive role in changing the government. He can only be removed by an impeachment motion. He has the discretion to appoint the Prime Minister. There are 82 parliamentarians representing the SLFP. Out of this 41 support the President and the rest are with the joint opposition. In order to form an SLFP government, these 82 members should be united.

The President too should trust some member out of the 82 parliamentarians. A top level discussion should be held instead of the lower level discussions that we see today. The government should be directed in the right way at least now. Otherwise, the government will have to go through some tough times if someday all anti-government forces unite against the government. We can see the actions of some ministers already driving the government down that lane.

?: The United Peoples Freedom Alliance won 95 seats out of which 82 seats were won by the SLFP. But surprisingly you were removed from the position of General Secretary of the UPFA. Is there any untold story behind this?

A: This is a senseless decision taken by those who orchestrated it. At least they should have called Minister AnuraYapa and myself to ask us to show cause relating to our decisions. If they wanted to prevent Mahinda Rajapaksa becoming the Prime Minister, open your eyes and look at the state of affairs today and you will see where it has all ended. If it wasn’t for the events which transpired during the last few days, we could have easily obtained nearly 6 seats more than the UNP. Research conducted into this has borne this out.

?: Dont you see any possibility of a possible amalgamation between the two factions of the SLFP?

A: I have never been able to actively participate in any of these dialogues. I was never invited to participate. I was able to bring all the fragments of the party to one table within a very short period of one week. There was no unity between the members of the SLFP when the general election was declared in 2015. My efforts to bring the SLFP together have greatly enabled efforts to prevent a total UINP domination of government after the election. The SLFP today strongly positioned to challenge the UNP where it matters, within the unity government. That’s all a result of my efforts. People do not talk about it. There is no body to take charge and negotiate to bring the party together. There is no high level discussion going on in this regard to my knowledge.

?: Who is responsible for bringing these forces together?

A: The responsibility to bring these factions together lies with President Maithripala Sirisena and former President Mahinda Rajapaksa.

Professor Isaac Silvera and post-doctoral fellow Ranga Dias of Sri Lankan origin create metallic hydrogen on Earth ending 80-year quest for ‘holy grail of high-pressure physics’

January 28th, 2017

Courtesy phys.org

Nearly a century after it was theorized, Harvard scientists have succeeded in creating the rarest – and potentially one of the most valuable – materials on the planet.

The material – atomic – was created by Thomas D. Cabot Professor of the Natural Sciences Isaac Silvera and post-doctoral fellow Ranga Dias.

In addition to helping scientists answer fundamental questions about the nature of matter, the material is theorized to have a wide range of applications, including as a . The creation of the rare material is described in a January 26 paper published in Science.

(Image of diamond anvils compressing molecular hydrogen. At higher pressure the sample converts to atomic hydrogen, as shown on the right. Credit: R. Dias and I.F. Silvera)

“This is the holy grail of high-pressure physics,” Silvera said. “It’s the first-ever sample of metallic hydrogen on Earth, so when you’re looking at it, you’re looking at something that’s never existed before.”

To create it, Silvera and Dias squeezed a tiny hydrogen sample at 495 gigapascal, or more than 71.7 million pounds-per-square inch – greater than the pressure at the center of the Earth. At those extreme pressures, Silvera explained, solid molecular hydrogen -which consists of molecules on the lattice sites of the solid – breaks down, and the tightly bound molecules dissociate to transforms into , which is a metal.

 

 

While the work offers an important new window into understanding the general properties of hydrogen, it also offers tantalizing hints at potentially revolutionary new .

“One prediction that’s very important is metallic hydrogen is predicted to be meta-stable,” Silvera said. “That means if you take the pressure off, it will stay metallic, similar to the way diamonds form from graphite under intense heat and pressure, but remains a diamond when that pressure and heat is removed.”

Understanding whether the material is stable is important, Silvera said, because predictions suggest metallic hydrogen could act as a superconductor at room temperatures.

“That would be revolutionary,” he said. “As much as 15 percent of energy is lost to dissipation during transmission, so if you could make wires from this material and use them in the electrical grid, it could change that story.”

Among the holy grails of physics, a room temperature superconductor, Dias said, could radically change our transportation system, making magnetic levitation of high-speed trains possible, as well as making electric cars more efficient and improving the performance of many electronic devices.

The material could also provide major improvements in energy production and storage – because superconductors have zero resistance energy could be stored by maintaining currents in superconducting coils, and then be used when needed.

Metallic hydrogen, once theory, becomes reality
Photos of compressed hydrogen transitioning with increasing pressure from transparent molecular to black molecular to atomic metallic hydrogen. The sketches below show a molecular solid being compressed and then dissociated to atomic hydrogen. Credit: R. Dias and I.F. Silvera

Though it has the potential to transform life on Earth, metallic hydrogen could also play a key role in helping humans explore the far reaches of space, as the most powerful rocket propellant yet discovered.

“It takes a tremendous amount of energy to make metallic hydrogen,” Silvera explained. “And if you convert it back to molecular hydrogen, all that energy is released, so it would make it the most powerful rocket propellant known to man, and could revolutionize rocketry.”

The most powerful fuels in use today are characterized by a “specific impulse” – a measure, in seconds, of how fast a propellant is fired from the back of a rocket – of 450 seconds. The specific impulse for metallic hydrogen, by comparison, is theorized to be 1,700 seconds.

“That would easily allow you to explore the outer planets,” Silvera said. “We would be able to put rockets into orbit with only one stage, versus two, and could send up larger payloads, so it could be very important.”

To create the new material, Silvera and Dias turned to one of the hardest materials on Earth – diamond.

But rather than natural diamond, Silvera and Dias used two small pieces of carefully polished synthetic diamond which were then treated to make them even tougher and then mounted opposite each other in a device known as a .

“Diamonds are polished with diamond powder, and that can gouge out carbon from the surface,” Silvera said. “When we looked at the diamond using atomic force microscopy, we found defects, which could cause it to weaken and break.”

The solution, he said, was to use a reactive ion etching process to shave a tiny layer – just five microns thick, or about one-tenth of a human hair – from the diamond’s surface. The diamonds were then coated with a thin layer of alumina to prevent the hydrogen from diffusing into their crystal structure and embrittling them.

After more than four decades of work on metallic hydrogen, and nearly a century after it was first theorized, seeing the material for the first time, Silvera said, was thrilling.

“It was really exciting,” he said. “Ranga was running the experiment, and we thought we might get there, but when he called me and said, ‘The sample is shining,’ I went running down there, and it was metallic hydrogen.

“I immediately said we have to make the measurements to confirm it, so we rearranged the lab…and that’s what we did,” he said. “It’s a tremendous achievement, and even if it only exists in this diamond anvil cell at high pressure, it’s a very fundamental and transformative discovery.”

(Dr Ranga Dias was born in Sri Lanka. He began his science career at the University of Colombo. After finishing his degree in Physics, in 2007 he moved to Washington, USA and began his Ph.D. work at Washington State University in the field of extreme condensed matter physics. He received his Ph.D in 2013 at Washington State University, WA, Department of Physics 
and Institute for Shock Physics
. Currently, he is working in the Silvera lab at Harvard University as a postdoctoral fellow. )

The American Presidential Election and its Repercussions on the Third World

January 28th, 2017

By Garvin Karunaratne

The  President of the United States, Donald Trump has declared that America will change course. It is America to Produce and for the Americans to Buy American Products. This of course is a policy that has been ignored by the multimillion dollar multinationals whose craze for profits made them move factories to countries where there was cheap labour. The result was unemployment and poverty in the USA.

This change has deep repercussions on the Third World Countries.

The Third World Countries today depend as an appendage of the Developed Countries. In the Fifties and Sixties these countries had self sufficient and sound economies.  Take Sri Lanka. It had funds to build the Gal Oya Development Project, a major irrigation project.

Similarly countries like Ghana, Tanzania, Kenya had sound economies and they even attracted  teachers and engineers from Sri Lanka who were paid in dollars, better salaries than they could dream of in Sri Lanka.

That situation of prosperity, of being able to meet its commitments from its income was achieved by careful national planning, control of imports and by careful use of the foreign exchange that was earned. Then no country had to beg and borrow foreign exchange. Instead they had to manage with what they had. The countries produced their requirements and also produced some items for export.  Import Substitution was a key policy that was followed and this had its repercussions on the Developed Countries  because they could not sell their manufactured products. The Developed Countries saw unemployment.  They suffered from stagflation.

The Developed Countries then came up with a master plan – Free Trade and Liberalization, which was poured on all Third World countries through the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank. The Plan was built up by the Chicago School of Economics by Milton Friedman and pursued by President Ronald Regan of the USA and Margaret Thatcher of the UK. They together built up the Structural Adjustment Program which they forced on the Third World Countries whenever they sought help. The major opportunity for this was when the Oil Sheiks of the Middle East increased the price of oil almost three fold in the Early Seventies and many countries finding it difficult to find money to buy their oil supplies flocked to the IMF for help. The IMF of course provided them with loans under the condition that they followed certain policies.

Little did the country leaders know the sinister plan of the IMF and the World Bank. There was no reason to doubt them  either,  because these were the two institutions formed by the United Nations to help the world countries in finance and development.

“The variety of policies that were imposed comprised liberalizing the use of foreign exchange, taking control of the foreign exchange out of the hands of the Government; instead it was to be decided by the market forces of supply and demand which really meant that it was handled by the banks- the banks decided the exchange rate. The use of Foreign exchange  was liberalized allowing anyone to use it for any purpose. A high interest rate  was imposed and any commercial infrastructure that the Government had was to be closed down. Import tariffs were reduced or abolished. “ (From How the IMF Sabotaged Third World Development by Garvin Karunaratne)

When these Policies were imposed the economies of the countries became indebted and gradually the debts piled up and more and more money had to be found on loan to enable the dues on the loans to be paid. This was The Structural Adjustment Program of the IMF. In actuality it was a Program that structured the economies of the independent countries to make them  indebted and thereby brought them under the control of the Developed Countries. This time unlike in the colonial days the countries were ‘conquered’ by making them indebted.

The IMF, the World Bank and such other financial institutions retained erudite professors like Jeffery Sachs, Joseph Stiglitz to further this program. They arranged loans to enable the countries to become more and more debted. It is an irony that their views are now being sought as to what we should do.

Further the institutions employed professionals to draft plans and programs, with loans where with implementation the funds coming in were shunted back to the donor countries  through expenses for consultancies, evaluations  etc while leaving the country indebted to the extent of the loans. This was revealed in the form of a confession by one of the experts, John Perkins who admitted this in his book Confessions of an Economic Hitman.

What can be done. Most countries go begging for more loans from the IMF and go licking the boots of foreign investors to come in. Our experience has been that investors come in to invest a small amount of money, and get income for ever. This has happened to many countries and it is happening right now.

Take a small tea estate – the Janet Valley on the Gampola Nuwara Eliya Road. Fifty years ago the waters of the stream that flowed from Udagama was tapped and it provided power to the Tea factory and the bungalow. The Electricity Board enticed the owner to close up the hydro power plant and buy electricity from them. The owner an uncle of mine asked for my opinion and I advised him that he should instead develop the hydro power plant. However he was bought over by the Electricity Board, dismantled his hydro plant and bought power. Five years later when I met him he spoke in tears as the Electricity Board had jacked up the power prices. Now he is no more and the hydro plant is sold to a foreigner who is developing it for the past many years. He is in the process of building the plant and will sell electricity to the people and the Electricity Board itself and the profits will flow in foreign exchange from Gampola to Germany for ever. It is the waters of the Mahaweli that has been converted to cash to feed the Germans in foreign exchange!

That is what all investors are doing to us.

There is no point in begging any more. It is up to our leaders to understand what is happening and act in the interests of the nation.

We do have the resources. Sooner or later America will not want the shirts, pants and blouses sewn by our factories. President Trump can easily set  up factories within a few months and that is how he will bring incomes to the Americans. He has vowed to do that. Looking at his stern face I am dead certain  that he will achieve that. His face is not childish like the faces of earlier Presidents. He does mean what he say. What will happen is that our garment factories will close down.

We have to hark back to what we did in the Seventies under Prime Minister Sirimavo. That was Import Substitution. Take what we did achieve then. In Kotmale the Divisional Secretary built up a Paper factory which was commercially viable.  There were many Smithys that made implements like knives, mammoties, forks, etc. Now we import knives from as far as Mexico. In Matara where I was the Government Agent we established a Smithy which has a roaring trade even today. We established a Mechanized Boatyard that made sea worthy in-board motor boats that were sold to Fisherman Cooperatives and our fishermen roamed the seas fishing. This Factory  was established within six months. This Boatyard was disbanded not because it was not profitable but because the IMF had to be pleased. Even today we import fish.

Take the Crayon Factory that I established in Deniyaya.  I had submitted plans and projects for various industries which were refused and even the boatyard was achieved after fighting every inch of the way. The Secretary of the Ministry was scared to approve any new industries. Once I decided to teach him a lesson. I thought of doing something that would be remarkable. I had an able Planning Officer a chemistry graduate and I directed him to commence experiments to making crayons.  He with the support of science teachers tried and in the process even sought the advice of the science faculty at the University of Colombo only to be turned away. We got more determined and continued experiments at the science lab at Rahula College every night from six till midnight. It took two long months of experiments and we finally fine tuned making crayons till we reached the fineness of Crayola Crayons. Then we gave the recipe to the Deniyaya Cooperative Union and its President Sumanapala Dahanayake  the Menber of Parliament did wonders to get going. Within two to three weeks we made a few rooms full of crayons and the Minister of Industries opened the sales. Finally the crayons were sold island wide till the Government of President Jayawardena closed it down to please the IMF.

Every word that I have written is the truth and I am certain that this will open the minds of some of our leaders to open up Import Substitution industries to bring employment to our people before it is too late.

foolish to ignore his words. His voice,  its firm and its boldness tells me that he means business. It is up to us  to forget the IMF that has conned our countries for the past three decades. Forget the IMF, bring back National Planning, control imports and control our foreign exchange , build up industries to make everything that we need. That is the message I convey in my book, How the IMF Sabotaged Third World Development(Kindle:  https://www.amazon.com/How-Sabotaged-Third-World-Development-ebook/dp/B01MG9EF4Y)

රාජ්‍ය පරිපාලනය හා රන්ජන්ගේ සුදු අලි මෙහෙයුම

January 28th, 2017

ආචාර්ය චන්දන ජයලත්

රාජ්‍ය පරිපාලනය වනාහි රාජ්‍ය ප‍්‍රතිපත්ති ක‍්‍රියාවේ යෙදවීමේ යාන්ත‍්‍රණය ලෙස අර්ථ දැක්වුවද දැන් ඇත්තේ ප‍්‍රතිපත්ති නොව විටින් විට එන මැති ඇමතිවරු දෙන උපදෙස්, ලණු හා මගඩි ක‍්‍රියාත්මක කිරීමක් යැයි කිවහොත් එය කිසිවකුගේ ගෝරණාඩුවකට ලක් නොවෙනු ඇතැයි මම සිතමි.

මෙම පරම්පරාව පවත්වා ගෙන යාම සඳහා වාර්ෂිකව වැය කෙරෙන ධනස්කන්දය ගැන කවෙරෙකු නම් සිතුවාද? නිල වාහන, විදේශ ගමන්, සම්මන්ත‍්‍රණ, වැඩමුඵ ඔස්සේ සාප‍්‍රාලේ සිට අමාත්‍යාංශ ලේකම් දක්වා වූ මේ ගමනෙහි නම ගම පමණක් මේ වනවිට වෙනස් වී ඇත.

මෙම වෙස්ට්මිනිස්්ටර් ආකෘතිය මෙරට දළ දේශීය නිෂ්පාදනයට කළ දායකත්වය කුමක්දැයි යමෙකු සිතුවාද? එහි හැඩ ගැස්ම ගතානුගතික නොවේද? එහි ප‍්‍රවේශයන් සම්ප‍්‍රදායි නොවේද? චක‍්‍රලේඛ මත දිවෙන සමස්ථ පරිපාලන පන්ජරියම තැපැල් මහත්තයෙක් බඳු නොවේද? නිකුත් කරන බලපත් හා නිර්දේශ අධීක්‍ෂණයට ලක්කළ යුත්තේ කවුරුන්ද?

අද වන විට රටේ අස්සක් මුල්ලක් නෑර සිදුවන මහා දැවැන්ත වන විනාශය, පස් කැපීම්, වැලි ගොඩ දැමීම් සම්බන්ධයෙන් හාන්කවිසියක හෝ හැඟීමක්, දැනීමක්, තැකීමක් නැති රාජ්‍ය පරිපාලනයට යම් ප‍්‍රශ්ණයක් නැගූ කල දෙන්නට සූදානම් කරගත් රෙඩිමේඞ් උත්තර කිහිපයක් අපි දනිමු.

ඉන් අංක එකට භූ ගර්භ හෝ පරිසර අධිකාරියේ බලපත‍්‍රය ඇති බව කියපායි.

දෙවනුව එය ප‍්‍රාදේශීය ලේකම්වරයාගේ රාජකාරී වපසරියට අයත් නොවන වග කියා පායි.

මා වෙත තවමත් කිසිවෙකු එවන් චෝදනාවක් ලිඛිතව කර නොමැති බව තුන්වෙනුව කියපායි.

හතරවෙනුව රටේ යම් අසාධාරණයකට ලක්වූ ඕනෑම පුරවැසියෙකුට උසාවියට යා හැකි බව කියපායි.

පරිපාලන නිලධාරීන්ගේ මෙම ලිස්සා යාමේ භූමිකාව තුල අතලොස්සක් වූ සද්භාවයෙන් ක‍්‍රියා කරන දේශපාලනඥයින්ටත් සිදුව ඇත්තේ එක්කෝ කෙවිටක් අතට ගැනීමටය. නැතිනම් එකිනෙකාට පිට කසා ගැනීමටය.

පරිපාලනය රොකට් විද්‍යාවක් නොවේ. ඕනෑම විෂය ෙක්‍ෂ්ත‍්‍රයක වෘත්තීයවේදියෙකුට මූලික පරිපාලන පාඨමාලාවකින් අනතුුරුව එම ෙක්‍ෂ්ත‍්‍රයේ පරිපාලනයට හවුල් විය හැකි විය යුතුය. එය ඕනෑම අයෙකුට ප‍්‍රගුණ කළ හැකි පොදු විෂයයකි. පද්ධතීන් හා එහි අන්තර් ක‍්‍රියාකාරීත්වය, රෙගුලාසි හා ක‍්‍රමෝපායන් එහි පදනමයි. රට පාලනයට මෙන්ම රාජ්‍ය පරිපාලනයට ද අමුතු කුලකයක් අවශ්‍ය නැත. කාටවත්ම නැති කාගේවත් ඇස නොගැටුන තට්ට තනියම පුටු රත් කරන කොල කෑලිවලින් ජීවිකාව ගෙවන මේ සැගවුණ අමුත්තන්ගේ සීතල මාෆියාව කුඩු පට්ටම් කළ යුතු වන්නේ එය ජාතියේ කුම්මැහිකම තුරන් කරන වැඩ පිළිවෙලේ කොටසක් හැටියටය.

රන්ජන් රාමනායකගේ ක‍්‍රියා කලාපය සම්බන්ධයෙන් මට ඇත්තේ විවේචනයකි. උඩු දුවා ඇති ප‍්‍රශ්ණ විසඳීමට ඔහු ගන්නා ප‍්‍රවේශය ප‍්‍රාථමික මට්ටමක පවතී. වැඩ සංස්කෘතියක් වෙනස් කළ හැක්කේ ආකල්පමය සංග‍්‍රාමයකින් ම පමණි. එය සැබවින්ම අභියෝගාත්මකය.

MURDER OR MANSLAUGHTER?

January 28th, 2017

By Dr. Tilak S. Fernando

An article in the “Sunday Times” on 8 January 2017 struck me, which carried a report on a debate by some of the Sri Lankan doctors (Mid Country Psychiatrists) held at the Tourmaline Hotel, Kandy. The seminar apparently had been based on the argument on morality against medical ethics to find out whether a “doctor could turn into God” and kill a terminally ill patient with passive or active euthanasia? One of the psychiatrists at the seminar was quoted as saying, “It is good medical practice – there is no point in resuscitating a person or pull off a life support!”.

Euthanasia has been a topic of discussion the world over for a long period of time, which seems to surface intermittently with varied opinions from most countries, at the end of which even in Parliaments the subject had got wedged, being unable to come to a conclusion. Some British Parliamentarians have raised the issue over and over again with no success at the end.

Euthanasia is categorized into two main areas, passive and active. Withdrawal of medical treatment and putting up a notice on a patient’s bed saying “nil by mouth” carries the message to nurses, “Do not give the patient to eat or drink“. In some instances even saline drip IV is pulled off mercilessly with the knowledge of the medical team that the death of the patient will follow. This is known as passive euthanasia. Medical jargon used in the UK for this type of killing is called “Liverpool pathway“. How can a starved and dehydrated patient’s death, on purpose, be called a “Peaceful Death?” In fact it is the worst type of human torture a helpless patient can endure and experience. Administration of a lethal agent to end life of a patient is active euthanasia. At the Kandy conference it has been revealed that in Sri Lanka “passive euthanasia” exists and some psychiatrists, who gathered there, seem to call it “good medical practice!”

Human life

Human life is sacred and it has a purpose on this earth. Regrettably, not even one per cent of us, who live in this world, does not seem to understand the real significance of being born into this complex planet – without our consent or knowing where we coming from. Some, of course, crudely put the blame on their parents pointing a finger at them calling it due parental sexual pleasure that they have to suffer once born into this unpredictable world.

Religions have their own versions to life. Those who believe in a creator or God believe that their life belongs to God and no one has the right to take it away knowingly. Buddhists and Hindus put emphasis on one’s previous karma (cause and effect) that each one brings forward. Christians call it in a different form – “reap as you sow“. Pope Francis has censured euthanasia calling it as an act of “false sense of compassion, and a sin against God and creation”. All God orientated religions are of the view that killing or committing suicide or even aiding and abetting to commit suicide amounts to manslaughter as every life belongs to the Creator only, who decides how and when a person should be born and die.

The psychiatrists, who were in favour of mercy killing at the conference in Kandy, seemed to believe that “euthanasia is very close to a medical practitioner“. They were being reminded by those who opposed to it by referring to the doctors’ oldest binding commitment known as the Hippocratic Oath, where each doctor commits to the covenant by saying: “I swear by Apollo Physician and Asclepius and Hygeia and Panacea, and all the gods and goddesses, making them my witnesses, that I will fulfill according to my ability and judgment. I will neither give a deadly drug to anybody who asked for it, nor will I make a suggestion to this effect.

I will not use the knife, not even on sufferers from stone, but will withdraw in favour of such men as are engaged in this work”.

Similarly, I will not give to a woman an abortive remedy. In purity and holiness I will guard my life and my art. I will keep to myself, holding such things shameful to be spoken about and do not violate this oath.”

Manslaughter

Killing a person is not a comfortable task for another human being. In medical terms when a patient loses his quality of life and becomes beyond “human repair” even that person is not permitted by International Law to be subjected to euthanasia. It becomes an act of intentionally ending a person’s life to alleviate suffering with or without the consent of the patient and / or the patient’s relatives. Against such a backdrop even a doctor giving an overdose of muscle relaxants to a terminally ill cancer patient to end his life will be considered as committing euthanasia. Assisted suicide, in other words, is a meditative act boosting another person to kill himself by someone giving an overdose of tranquilizers thus assisting suicide.

Those who are against mercy killing stress the fact that some patients want to end their life purely with the guilty feeling of becoming a burden on others, thus they lose dignity and become hopeless. For this type of patients anti-euthanasia groups suggest ‘to treat the patient for depression rather than killing them’. The detractors would further argue on the grounds that euthanasia comes under the moral and ethical principle with the maxim: ‘Do unto others, what you wish to be done unto you’.

They boldly question whether the power over life and death should be given to doctors.

International interpretation

The Dutch Penal Code (Articles 293 and 294) makes both “euthanasia and assisted suicide” illegal. However, Rotterdam Court in 1981 has laid down guidelines to the Dutch Courts and Royal Dutch Medical Association in broader terms: “The patient must be experiencing unbearable pain; be conscious; death request must be voluntary; patient should have been offered an alternative to euthanasia with time to consider; there should be no other reasonable alternative; death should not inflict unwanted suffering to others; extreme care should be observed in making the final decision”.

Of late, Germany too has allowed assisted suicide for humane reasons but prohibiting any profitable business out of it. Euthanasia has been legal in Belgium since 2002, where 1, 807 deaths were recorded by euthanasia in 2013, out of which over half of the patients were geriatric aged 70 or over. In Sri Lanka it was recorded that those who become ‘most vulnerable to the abuse of euthanasia are the poor and the old’. Under the English Law and the Terms of the Suicide Act (1961), both assisted suicide and euthanasia are illegal and carry a jail sentence up to 14 years. The Institution of Medical Ethics in the UK believes that doctors should seriously consider patients’ requests who ask for their lives to be terminated emphasising that “intervention by a doctor to end a patient’s life is not in the public interest.” Depending on the circumstances, euthanasia is regarded as either manslaughter or murder.

A typical illustration would be to take a husband whose wife is “technically dead for a long time” and kept on a ventilator. His painful experience in such a situation would be to battle within the law of the country where euthanasia is illegal. He would soon reach a point of saturation and feel like creeping into the ward where his wife assumes a foetal position over the years, with various tubes going through her throat and nose to keep her lungs clear and feed her. He may have prayed to God to bring his wife back from the coma, but he feels there is nothing left for her as a human being. She has turned into just a body and not his wife anymore. He at times feels like a criminal as his thoughts begin to tempt him to kill his own wife for the love of her and not to see her suffering continuously. He would appreciate the legality behind euthanasia but how long could he endure seeing her suffer in that manner?

Euthanasia has thus become the most convoluted topic where humans are fighting to find an answer. In a never-ending debate some, in the belief of relieving the pain of a terminally ill patient, decide to exercise mercy killing for the benefit of the patient and the patient’s family. In a religious dimension, however, will karmic action start boomeranging on them, either in this world or the next, for killing a human being in whatever form.

If a man takes the life of any human being, he shall surely be put to death” – Leviticus 24:17

tilakfernando@mail.com

Brahmaputra lit-fest starts today

January 28th, 2017

By NJ Thakuria

A colourful literary carnival will lead the three day Brahmaputra Literary Festival in Guwahati of northeast India starting on 28 January. The vibrant carnival will proceed from the Khanapara locality of the prehistoric city towards the venue of the festival at Srimanta Sankardev Kalakshetra cultural complex.  Union human resources development minister Prakash Javadekar, Assam’s education minister Himanta Biswa Sarma are scheduled to flag off the carnival.

In fact, after years of conflicts Assam is ready to welcome hundreds of writers from various parts of the world for the literary congregation. The festival, first of its kind in NE, attracts over 150 authors from India and abroad.

Jointly organized by the National Book Trust of India and  Assam government, the festival will be inaugurated by Union minister Javadekar in presence  of the State chief minister Sarbananda Sonowal, State education minister Sarma, NBT director Rita Choudhury along with many distinguished personalities.

“The three-day literary extravaganza is expected to expose the local and budding writers to internationally famed authors. Moreover the visiting writers will also get the literary flavor of our region in the festival,” said NBT director  Choudhury, who herself is an acclaimed Assamese author.

Eminent authors who have consented to arrive in the city for the festival include Achala Moulik, Ajay Mago, Amitabh Pandey, Anitha Thampi, Ashok Bhowmick, Bharathi S Pradhan, Carlo Pizzati, Charu Nivedita, Desmond Kharmawphlang, Devendra Mewari, Diptiranjan Pattanaik, Francois Gautier, Ipshita Mitra, Jeyanthi Manokaran, Kaizad Gustad, Kanaka Ha Ma Vishnunadh, Khalid Mohamed, Madhu Gurung, Marika Johansson, Rajiva Wijesinha, Sanjoy Hazarika, Shahid Rafi etc.

The extravaganza  includes various programs like panel discussion, book release, book reading, culture items along with screenings of selected films. The festival is expected to depict language, literature, culture and society of the  region in a vivid manner to the world. Moreover, the presence of intellectual, litterateur, editor, publisher, student and literary appreciators in the festival is expected to enrich the literary fabric of the region, added Ms Choudhury.

Pakistanis who Persecute Minorities could be Refused U.S. Visas

January 28th, 2017

Rabwah Times

January 26, 2017

U.S. Pres­id­ent Donald Trump’s ex­ec­ut­ive or­der on U.S. refugees and immigration could severely affect Pakistanis who plan on visiting the United States. A draft copy of the executive order published by L.A. Times describes how U.S. visas could be denied to those who engage in “persecution of those who practice other religions”.

The order reads:

In addition, the United States should not admit those who engage in acts of bigotry and hatred (including “honor” killings, other forms of violence against women, or the persecution of those who practice other religions) or those who would oppress members of one race, one gender, or sexual orientation.

Under the current Pakistani laws, Ahmadis who identify themselves as Muslims are persecuted for their religious beliefs. Ahmadi Muslims have been jailed for reading the Quran, reciting the Islamic creed (Kalima), the call to prayer (Adhan), referring to their places of worship as Mosques etc, and are banned from the pilgrimage to Mecca. All Muslims in Pakistan applying for a passport are required to sign a legal declaration against the minority Ahmadis, stating that they consider Ahmadis as non-Muslims and they consider the founder of their faith to be an ‘impostor’. This means any Pakistani citizen, Official or Minister who uses his or her position to arrest, harass or persecute Ahmadis due to their religious beliefs could be denied a U.S. visa.

In the past, several of the country’s top politicians including cricketer turned politician Imran Khan and former Prime Minister Raja Pervez Ashraf have publicly expressed their support for the laws under which minority Ahmadis are persecuted. If the draft order is made into law, these politicians – and any others found engaging in harassment and persecution of religious minorities – could be denied a U.S. visa.

Pakistanis who Persecute Minorities could be Refused U.S. Visas

බෙදුම්වාදය පිනවන ඉඩම් බලතල පළාත් සභාවෙන් ගලවන්න මහින්ද එවකට ගහපු ගැටය

January 28th, 2017

 සටහන :යටියන ප්‍රදීප් කුමාර -යුතුකම  

ඩම් බලතල පළාත් සභාවලින් ගලවා ඉවත් කිරීමට මහින්ද රාජපක්ෂ මහතා තුළ ජනාධිපතිවරයාව සිටි අවධියේදී පැවති අභිප්‍රාය පිළිබඳ බොහෝ දෙනා අසා නොතිබුණු කතාවක් පසුගියදා අධිනීතීඥ ගෝමින් දයාසිරි මහතා විසින් හෙළි කෙරිණ.

මනෝහර ද සිල්වා මහතා විසින් රචිත ‘ බෙදුම්වාදීන්ගේ උපාය සහ ව්‍යාවස්ථා සංශෝධන’ ග්‍රන්ථය ජනගත කිරීමේ උළෙලේදී ඔහු මේ අදහස් පළ කළේය.

ගෝමින් දයාසිරි මහතා :
“අධිනීතීඥ එච් එල් ද සිල්වා මහතාගේ මූලිකත්වයෙන් අපි එදා උතුර හා නැගෙනහිර බෙදුම්වාදයේ ඉතා වැදගත් සංධිස්ථානයක් සුන් කළා. ඒ උතුර හා නැගෙනහිර වෙන් කිරීම.
නමුත් අද මේ ව්‍යවස්ථා යෝජනා හරහා යෝජනා කරනවා උතුර හා නැගෙනහිර එක් කර වෙනම කලාපයක් ඇති කරන්නට අවශ්‍ය ප්‍රතිපාදන.

ඉඩම් බලතල ගැන කතා කරද්දි එක්තරා සිදුවීමක් මතක් කරන්නම වෙනවා.
මම මේ කතාව මීට පෙර කාටවත් කියලා නෑ. නමුත් අද කිවයුතුයි.

මම පවා එදා ඉඩම් බලතල පළාත් සභා සතු යැයි සිතා ඒ වෙනුවෙන් අදහස් දක්වමින් සිටි වකවානුවක ඉඩම් බලතල පළාත් සභාවලින් ඉවත් කිරීමට උත්සාහ කළ ප්‍රසංශනීය චරිතයක් මට සිහි වෙනවා.
ඒ මහින්ද රාජපක්ෂ.
එදා උතුරේ පළාත් සභා මැතිවරණය පවත්වන්නට පෙර එවකට ජනාධිපති මහින්ද රාජපක්ෂ මහතා මාව ඇමතුවා. ඔහු එහිදී අපූරු ඉල්ලීමක් කළා.

එතුමා කිව්වා ‘ඔබතුමා කෙසේ හෝ අධිකරණය හමුවේ මේ ඉඩම් බලතල කඩන්න ඕන’ කියලා.
මා තරමක් පසු බැස්සා ඒ ඉල්ලීම ඇහුවම.මම අදි මදි කරද්දි මහින්ද රාජපක්ෂ මහතා මාව දිරිමත් කළා ‘ඔයා කොහොම හරි ගෙදර ගිහින් ස්ටඩි කරලා මේක වෙන් කරන්න විදියක් සොයල කියන්න’ කියලා මගෙන් ඉල්ලුවා. මම ගෙදර ඇවිත් කල්පනා කරල බැලුවා.
එහිදී මට පෙනීගිය කාරණයක් තමයි අවසාන වශයෙන් රටේ සියළුම ඉඩම් වල හිමිකාරිත්වය පැවරිලා තිබෙන්නේ ජනාධිපතිවරයාට බව. ඒ ඉඩම් බලය වෙන් කළ හැක්කේ ඔහු කැමැත්තෙන්ම එය අනුමත කරන්නේ නම් පමණයි කියලා.
ඉනපසු අධිකරණයට ගියාම විනිශ්චකාරවරු තිදෙනෙක් තීරණය කළා මේ සියලුම ඉඩම් අයිති ජනාධිපතිවරයාට බව.
මහින්ද රාජපක්ෂ මහතාට අවශ්‍ය වුනේ උතුරේ මැතිවරණය පවත්වන්න කලින් අනතුරුදායක වගන්ති ඉවත් කරගන්නයි.
එසේ නොවුයේනම් විග්නේෂ්වරන් වගේ ඇමතිවරුන් යටතේ අපගේ හමුදා කඳවුරක්වත් පවත්වාගෙන යාමට නොහැකි වන බව ඔහු තේරුම් ගෙන සිටියා.”

මීට පෙර හෙළි වූ ආකාරයට මහින්ද රාජපක්ෂ මහතා උතුරේ පළාත් සභා මැතිවරණය පවත්වන්නට පෙර ඉඩම් හා පොලිස් බලතල පළාත් සභාවලින් ඉවත් කරන්නට යෝජනා කරන යෝජනාවක් අමාත්‍ය මණ්ඩලයට  ඉදිරිපත් කළ අතර ඩිව් ගුණසේකර , රාජිත සේනාරත්න  ආදීන් එයට එකහෙළාම විරුද්ධව කැබිනට් මණ්ඩලය තුළ එය පරාජය කර තිබිණ.ඒ ගැන හෙළිකරමින් ඩිව් ගුණසේකර මහතා ප්‍රකාශ කර තිබුණේ පනතට කැබිනට් මණ්ඩලය තුල දැඩි සහයක් පළ කළ විමල් වීරවංශ මහතා  ඇතුළු පිරිසක් බවත් තමන්ට ඒ හඬ යටපත් කරන්නට බාහු බලයද යොදන්නට සිදුවූ බවත්ය.

ගෝමින් දයාසිරි මහතා පැවැත්වූ සම්පූර්ණ දේශනය පහත සබැඳියෙන්…

සටහන :යටියන ප්‍රදීප් කුමාරයුතුකම සංවාද කවය

වැඩ බැරි ආණ්ඩුවේ බැරිකම වසාගන්නට ගොතන ‘ණය උගුල්’ බොරුව

January 28th, 2017

-ආචාර්‍ය නාලක ගොඩගේවා- යුතුකම   

 මට බලපාන මගේ ප්‍රශ්ණය මා අසන්නේ නැත්නම් කවුරු අසන්නද ?
-ආචාර්‍ය නාලක ගොඩගේවා-

මම වෘතියෙන් ඉංජිනේරුවෙකු වන නිසා මම ඉලක්කම් පරිශීලනය ප්‍රිය කරමි. මම වෘතියෙන් ගණකාධිවරයෙකුද වන නිසා මට ඉලක්කම් අතර බොහෝවිට කතන්දරයක් පෙනේ. මම අලවිකරුවෙකු වශයෙන්ද වෘතීය සුදුසුකම් ලබා ඇති නිසා ඉලක්කම් හරඹයෙන් කරන ප්‍රචාරණ කටයුතු තුල සත්‍යය හා අසත්‍යය වෙන් කර දකින්නට යම් හැකියාවක්ද මට ඇත.

රටේ ණය බර පිලිබඳව කරුණු පහදමින් මුදල් අමාත්‍යාංශය විසින් ජනවාරි 26දා නිකුත් කර ඇති ප්‍රවෘතී නිවේදනය දුටුවිට මගේ මනස ක්‍රියාත්මක වූයේ පහත ආකාරයටය.

මෙම නිවේදනයේ මූලික අරමුණ මහින්ද රාජපක්ෂ සමයේ ගත් ණය නිසා රට ණය උගුලක පැටලී ඇතැයි යන යහපාලන රජයේ ප්‍රසිද්ධ සටන්පාඨයට සවියක් ලබා දීමය. ඒ සඳහා 2015 සිට 2020 දක්වා ලංකාව විසින් විදේශ රට වලට ගෙවිය යුතු ණය වාරික පහත අයුරින් පෙන්වා ඇත්තේ කියවන්නා තුල පසුගිය පාලනය ගැන අප්‍රසාදයක් ඇති කිරීමේ අරමුනෙනි.

2015 වසරේදී ගෙවූ මුදල රු.බි. 276
2016 වසරේදී ගෙවූ මුදල රු.බි. 269
2017 වසරේදී ගෙවිය යුතු මුදල රු.බි. 355
2018 වසරේදී ගෙවිය යුතු මුදල රු.බි. 377
2019 වසරේදී ගෙවිය යුතු මුදල රු.බි. 586
2020 වසරේදී ගෙවිය යුතු මුදල රු.බි. 509

මේ අනුව 2015 සිට 2020 දක්වා කාලය තුල ගෙවීමට සිදුවන මුදල රුපියල් බිලියන 2,372 කි. ප්‍රවෘතී නිවේදනය මගින් රාජපක්ෂ විසින් ගත් ණය දැඩි විවේචණයකට ලක් කර ඇති අතර 2019 ගෙවන්නට වන රුපියල් බිලියන 586 ඉතිහාසයේ ලංකාව විසින් ගෙවනු ලබන විශාලතම ණය වාරිකයයි සඳහන් කර ඇත.

බැලූ බැලමට මෙය භයානක තත්වයකි.

නමුත් හොදින් විමසා බැලූ විට පෙනෙන චිත්‍රය මීට තරමක් වෙනස්ය. ඒය ඔබගේ බුද්ධියෙන්ද විමසා බලන්නට කරුණු කිහිපයක් මෙහි සඳහන් කරමි.

මෙම වාර්තාවට අනුව 2015 හා 2016 තුල ගෙවා ඇති මුලු ණය මුදල රුපියල් බිලියන 545 කි ( 276 + 269).

නමුත් රජයේ අනෙකුත් වාර්තා අධ්‍යයනය කරන විට මෙම වසර දෙක තුල රජය රුපියල් බිලියන 2,311 ක් අලුතින් ණය ලබා ගෙන ඇති බව පෙනී යයි.

මීට අමතරව වත්මන් රජය රජය ණය ගෙවීමට යැයි කියමින් ජනතාවට බදු වැඩි කලා ඔබට මතක ඇත. මහ බැංකු වාර්ථා අනුව 2015 දි 2014ට වඩා වැඩිපුර රුපියල් බිලියන 306 ක් හා 2016දි 2014ට වඩා වැඩිපුර රුපියල් බිලියන382 ක් රජය බදු අයකර ඇත. මේ අනුව 2015-2016 කාලය තුල 2014ට සාපේක්ෂව ලැබු අමතර බදු ආදායම රුපියල් බිලියන 688කි.

එසේනම් අමතර බදු හා අලුත් ණය මගින් වත්මන් රජය 2015 2016 වසර දෙක තුල එක් කල මුදල රුපියල් බිලියන 2,999 කි.

එම මුදලින් 2020 දක්වා ගෙවන්නට ඇති සියලු ණය ගෙවූවද තවත් රුපියල් බිලියන 627 ක් ඉතිරි විය යුතුය.

සුදු අලියෙකු කියා සමහරු කෑ මොර දෙන මත්තල ගුවන්තොටුපොල සාදන්නට වියදම් වූයේ රුපියල් බිලියන් 30ක් පමන මුදලකි. එසේ නම් මේ ඉතිරි මුදලින් තවත් එවැනි ගුවන් තොටුපොලවල් 20 ක් සෑදිය හැක.

ඉතින් ඔබඇසිය යුතු ප්‍රශ්ණයනම මේසා විශාල මුදලක් එකතුකල වත්මන් රජයට තවමත් ණය බරක් ගැන කතා කිරීමට සාධාරණ අයිතියක් තිබෙන්වාද යන්නයි.

මීට අමතරව අනාගත පරපුර ඇසිය යුතු ප්‍රශ්ණය වන්නේ වසර දෙකක් තුල යහපාලන රජය ගත් රුපියල් බිලියන් 2,371 හෙවත් කෝටි 237,100 ණය ගෙවන්නේ කවුද කියායි. 2017-2020 අප විසින් ගෙවිය යුතුයැයි ඔය කියන ණය වාරික තුල කෙතරම් මුදලක් යහපාලන සමයේ ගත් ණයද ?

2014දී දල ජාතික නිශ්පාදිතයෙන් 70.7% වූ ණය බර අද 81% කි.
මම දේශපාලඥයෙකු නොවෙමි.මම මේ රටේ සාමාන්‍ය පුරවසියෙකි. මහින්ද රාජපක්ෂ මෙන්ම මෛත්‍රිපාල සිරිසේන හෝ රනිල් වික්‍රමසිංහ මගේ මිතුරන් හෝ හතුරන් නොවේ. ඔවුන් මටත් අනෙකුත් ජනතාවටත් වග කිව යුතු රටේ නායකයන්ය. මට ඇති ගැටලුව පුර වැසියෙකු වශයෙන් මා වැඩි ණය උගුලක පටලවා ඇත්තේ කොයි නායකයාද යන්නයි. නිදහසින් පසු මේ රට පාලනය කල සියලු නායකයින් එක්ව 2014 වන විට තනි පුර වැසියෙකු වශයෙන් මා රුපියල් 353,630/- ලෝකයට ණය කොට තිබුණ අතර වසර දෙකකට පසු මෛත්‍රී /රනිල් පාලනය මගේ එම ණය බර රුපියල් 464,210 දක්වා ඉහල දමා ඇත. එය 2014 සාපෙක්ෂව 32% ක වැඩි වීමකි. එය පෞද්ගලික මෙන්ම පොදු ප්‍රශ්ණයක් ලෙස දකින ලෙස මගේ බුද්ධිය මට බල කරයි.

[Viyathmaga]

යුතුකම සංවාද කවය
www.yuthukama.com

Reply to Mr SP Vasantharajah’s “Meaningful Solution” submission

January 27th, 2017

Kanthar.P.Balanathan DipEE(UK), GradCert(RelEng-Monash),DipBusAdm(Finance-Massey), C.Eng.(UK), MIEE(Lond) Retired Director & Specialist Power Systems Engineer

28th January 2017

Dear Mr SP. Vasantharajah,

1.I came across an article of you suggesting, “towards a meaningful political solution”. Well I respect your views. However, I have significant amount of reservation and concerns over your suggestions. The values and norms of someone should be respected, however, one should analyse whether they are positive, meaningful solution towards stability, and that will not give birth to transient issues, and irrational behaviour of people. It would be welcome if some issues are analysed using Leonardo da Vinci method. Look at the problem at various angles and come up with a solution. We Tamils do not do that. We try to focus through one direction only.

By birth, most of the Tamils are racists with high degree of caste conscious. You are aware that the Jaffna man was running an Apartheid system of social environment in the North and the East for centuries, and currently they have exported it to the outside world

The four plus the capital territory was suggested by a gentleman thirty years ago. He has been suggesting the solution most of the time via media etc. However, no one bothered to hear him or support him. May be he was not from the Vellala or the high Pandaram caste. Now you have come up with the old recommendation. And some people may view this as a meaningful solution. The originality of your theory / suggestion is questionable now.

When Prabakaran started the LTTE group, about twenty-five other groups were formed from various Tamil quarters, based on caste. Ultimately LTTE gathered superiority and others aligned with the government and became pro-governmental groups. What answer have you got for this act by the caste groups? Various NGO’s infiltrated into LTTE in Mullivaykal, including Tamil NGOs, not with the intention of helping the LTTE, but to eliminate them by spying on them. Its history now.

When educated people move out of SL and become diasporas, their eager is to gain popularity among the diaspora, to become Presidents/Chairman etc. Some of them have plundered LTTE funds and become filthy rich. I think you are aware of that.

2.Let us analyse your suggestions.

  1. “What a great blessing if we could consider ourselves as Sri Lankans and toil hard to make our country self-sufficient with sovereign power enjoying prosperity and economic development in our lifetime somewhat like Singapore”

This is a positive statement. However, the moment you want a division based on race, then your statement is nullified.

Let us all whole heartedly dispel all fear, suspicion and jealousy among ourselves and contribute whatever potential we have for the smooth running of the government in power. It is with this earnest desire I pen these lines”.

Who is born with the above characteristics? Tamils have an inborn, integrated fear, suspicion, megalomania and caste differential attitude. Every family quarrel is because of suspicion. Why did Chelvanayagam form the Federal Party in 1949? He was the deputy president of All Ceylon Tamil Congress. He resigned and formed the FP for reasons of not getting a portfolio. People now give some flimsy excuses for his act. (Please read my letter to GG Ponnambalamhttp://nrnmind.blogspot.com.au/2012/07/letter-to-mrgajendrakumar-ponnambalam.html). It would be preferable if you read the letter to understand the events in SL among the Tamils. Please read my comments on this later on this reply.

  1. “With a view to minimise unnecessary expenditure why not the Nine Provinces we have now be reduced to Four by merging, namely Southern Province, Central Province, North Central Province, North East Province and keeping Western Province with Federal Government”

If you remember someone else suggested this 30+ years ago. However, his proposal was Ruhunu, Nuwara, Rajarata, Jaffna, and the Capital Territory which is your western Province. Hence your stuff is an old one; however have significant dot points to discuss.

Unnecessary expenditure: Yes it was foolish to have nine provinces. The question for the Tamils is not the province or state. Its Tamil power they want. Full autonomous power. The Tamils politicians in SL are unable to digest their food and have a good night sleep because of the Tamil Nadu power and the wealth of the politicians. The population in TN is over 70 million. But the CMs and ministers are mostly from other states. No Tamil apart from Kamarajar and Rajakopalachariyar has ruled TN.

The instant you have stated N&E, then you are rooting on ultra-racial and xenophobic perspective. You want a racial state. Tamils will not be satisfied afterwards. They will create somehow, some crooked formulas and method to divide SL, so that they can lead and form an independent republic called “Tamil Eelam”. The UN is there for them to run, cry, beg and tell lies. If your argument is that we can live with no fear within a separate state, then what makes you think that we cannot live within one republican country?

You may not be aware of the Apartheid system of social setup we had in the N&E. It still prevails in SL, and the worst is that Tamils have exported it to wherever they migrated. Nobody will accept any flimsy excuses people will on this. A good high quality social setup is quite important for a country to government and people to live integrated in harmony without any differentials and fear. Further Tamils and Sinhalese must get out of the Xenophobic attitude. The Sinhalese have a fear because of the historical massacre of their people by the Tamils over twenty centuries from India, Cambodia, Indonesia and Thailand. SJV Chelvanayagam, who was born in Malaysia, amplified and generated a transient fear by forming the FP and naming Tamil Kingdom Party. Tamil MPs were running to India then. We cannot blame the Sinhalese, because of the 70 million people just 20 km across Palk Strait.

Yes I agree that it is a waste having nine provincial councils. However, a federal state will note liability much more than what they cost now.

Further, just give some thoughts; what was the foreign exchange earnings before? All that was spent on health, education, technology etc. was generated in the South. We all had free education, free PhDs, and free MSc etc. Free health with no bribery. Did our fathers or grandfathers generate foreign exchange to cover the costs?

  1. Devolution of powers for these provinces can be done in the way how our neighbouring country India does with its states. A healthy and friendly relationship can be maintained among the four provinces if this move is followed. Those who have sound political vision in Sri Lanka can find out from other countries that have devolution of powers with their provincial states and advise those in power to adopt the same method in Sri Lanka. This would be done with consent of both major communities in Sri Lanka. Peace and harmony will emerge if this desirable step is taken. This is my candid opinion”.

We definitely cannot compare Tamil Nadu or India for that matter. India has a large population of over 1.1 billion people with;

India’s population as of 5 pm today: 127, 42, 39,769 and growing i.e. 1.274239769 billion

GDP per capita                                    – 1,498.87 USD ‎ (2013)

Gross domestic product                      – 1.877 trillion USD ‎ (2013)

Do you follow Tamil Nadu politics? Its garbage. Cinema is the entry to politics, because Tamil comedian public, vote for cinema actors and actress. Please never ever compare TN with SL. In SriLanka 49% of the Tamil population, may be more now, dwell outside the N&E. Of the 51 % of the people TNA does not represent the 51 % of the people. 90,950 Tamils live in Gampaha alone. See the distribution of dwelling of the Tamils here: (http://www.island.lk/index.php?page_cat=article-details&page=article-details&code_title=94075)

With this distribution, it is a dumbfound belief that Tamils want a separate state or a separate country. Power for Tamils cannot bring anything to the Tamils. They wanted a separate administration. SL gave one. Can you categorically point out one development work NPC has completed apart from giving one bicycle, one goat etc. just to fool the fools in paradise. I have sent letters and articles to CM, and the ministers pointing out their corrupt practice and zero development. You could read them in www.nrnmind.blogspot.com

A healthy and friendly relationship can be maintained among the four provinces if this move is followed”.

My dear cde, Tamils cannot maintain a healthy environment among themselves. Caste differentials, regional differentials etc. Vadamarachiyan, Vanniyan, Maddakkalappan, Theevan etc. Do you know why? The so called Tamils in the N&E are not Tamils. We all speak Tamil, however, majority are Malabar, Andra Vadukar, Karnataka Kadam bans etc. Late centuries more people assimilated with the Portuguese, Dutch, Irish, and Welsh etc. I think, in my view Tamils hate each other among Tamils. It’s the politics that keeps them in an imaginary solidarity. The Tamils themselves are not united in SL and overseas. They only come to a focal point when they talk of Tamil Eelam and power. Mostly to rip the group on collection of funds. Even then most of the lower caste people are even now oppressed by the Tamil elites. Who is CV Wigneswaran? A relative of P Ramanathan. Couldn’t TNA find anybody else?

It is my view that there is no politician who has a clear vision of consolidating the country. They want to get a tap on the shoulder from the west and have dinner there. Once Tamils have been elected, they work towards re-election and forget their objectives, vision and mission. That’s what they are doing now.

3.” Whatever rights the Chief Minister is prepared to grant to the minorities in one of the amalgamated provinces, the same shall be granted to the other three provinces. Such a desirable solution will enhance Economic Development and Industrial Enterprises.

Political leaders from all parties should enhance those members who have a communal mind to rise above this petty feelings and work for a united Sri Lanka. This wise step will bring about peaceful solution to most of our problems and be a guideline to the posterity in the years to come.

My dear mate, I am 74 years old now, I have lived in Jaffna, worked at KKS cement factory, and have seen the way Tamils treat the low caste workers. It is shattering and devastating. We talk of human rights; however, we are the worst human rights violators in the world, practicing Apartheid. Now they enjoy their HR violations in overseas countries. Can one politician stand up and propel that Tamils should eliminate their dreadful caste conscious from their mind? What do they say? Hey it has been there for donkeys’ years. We can’t eliminate that. Are the elites prepared to give equal rights to a toddy tapper or a barber? Basically the Tamil fools do not understand that a toddy tapper is running a business of his own, like that of a “Sole Trader” in Australia. He does not work for anyone. Same as the barber, fisherman etc. I need explain no more. They fall within the microenterprises scheme.

Peace, Unity, Love and Harmony starts at home, then in your village, then in your city, then your Town and to the country. When Tamils are not united at home, how do you expect a united SL.?  I will talk about a solution later in this document.

You stated; “Introduce stringent laws against racism and execute them without bias or prejudice. There by genuine peace situation will prevail.”

You have forgotten our fundamental issue within our own sector, which is the caste issue. May be you do not read the events in Tamil Nadu and India in general. Just an example; Dalit students were killed within the Chennai Law College campus in the presence of the police.  In Assam, a girl was stripped naked; Dalits were killed on the road in the presence of the police. It is that same ghastly mind and thoughts that has saturated the minds of the Jaffna man. We are a differential community and NOT an integral community.

Best Solution

If we are what we are and what you want, then we shall not divide the country on the basis of race, because that is fundamentally a rudest community. If anyone demand or preach separation or federalism on racial basis, then he/she is a racist. SL is a small country with basically little or no raw materials and natural resources. The only resource we have is Human resources. Tamils are basically not commercially focused, and do not want to live in a competitive environment. Basically they love monopoly. Sydney was an example, however now Tamils in Sydney have learn to live in a competitive environment. However, we need to change culturally, socially, and entrain into the learned civilized stream.

SriLankan should advocate having only one government and all shall learn and practice to live within the one government.

Tamils should refrain from naming their political party starting from; “Tamil Eelam…”. No Sinhala party carries the name Sinhala… Tamils love racism, because in Tamil Nadu, every flipping political party carries the name stating with “Dravida…”.

Sambanthar is the Leader of Opposition (LOP) now. Tamils should change their political culture and join the governing force and accept portfolios. If Sambanthar can be the LOP, then what prevents him from accepting a portfolio. For example; Sumanthiran is better choice for the Ministry of Justice, Wouldn’t you agree? What prevents them from accepting portfolios? It’s the black sheep’s within our own political community who will campaign against those who are in the cabinet, in the name of power and separation. Suresh Premachandran is a typical example; Media state that a politician wanted his brother to be given a minister post in the NPC.

All citizens in SL shall learn all three languages, and the three languages must be made compulsory up to “O” level in schools.

Tamils must refrain from opposing building Buddha temples in the N&E. After all Tamils have and are building Hindu temples all over the world, and in the South. Well the Peradeniya University area has a Murugan temple.

Why do the Tamils consider them as superior and can do anything, and should not be questioned. Tamils must refrain from opposing Sinhalese people occupying the N&E. After all the estate workers are from India and government provides them with work, housing scheme, health and education. Why cannot the Sinhalese settle in the N&E? Do you know that the North and Vanni was a Sinhala area earlier? The last king of Jaffna was a Sinhalese. Proof; Waligamam is Weligama. Can you find the meaning for Waligamam? NO. However, it has a meaning in Sinhala. Araly etc. We are occupying the Sinhalese country.

Tamils must learn to co-exist and socially integrated. Give up their inborn race and caste differential attitude. Tamil Diaspora must refrain from preaching separation. They have shifted to overseas and have no interests in SL. They must learn to live in the country of domicile and socially integrate with the society. Not try to push Tamil language into the administration of the country. Tamil language is not a scientific language. It is not rich in science and technology.

SL should amend the constitution to include a section/clause on caste discrimination as a criminal offence.

SL constitution has a clause for punishment for anyone who preach separation, SL must implement to arrest anyone who preach separation. Section 157 A.

[Inserted by the sixth amendment to the constitution

127[157A. (1) No person shall, directly or indirectly, in or outside Sri Lanka, support, espouse, promote, finance, encourage or advocate the establishment of a separate State within the territory of Sri Lanka.

(2) No political party or other association or organization shall have as one of its aims or objects the establishment of a separate State within the territory of Sri Lanka.

(3) Any person who acts in contravention of the provisions of paragraph (1) shall, on conviction by the Court of Appeal, after trial on indictment and according to such procedure as may be prescribed by law, –

(a) be subject to civic disability for such period not exceeding seven years as may be determined by such Court;

(b) forfeit his movable and immovable property other than such property as is determined by an order of such Court as being necessary for the sustenance of such person and his family;

(c) not be entitled to civic rights for such period not exceeding seven years as may be determined by such Court; and

(d)if he is a Member of Parliament or a person in such service or holding such office as is referred to in paragraph (1) of Article 165, cease to be such Member or to be in such service or to hold such office.]

In accordance with the above clauses, all those diaspora or locals, if they engage in separatist activities or preaching, they are to be punished anyway.

We, the Tamil diaspora must learn not to pollute the minds of the Tamil politicians or the people in SriLanka.

You are a mathematician; Why not carry out a probabilistic, (reliability) study on the risks associated with separate power for Tamils, for a period of 100 years? Data can be collected from past events. If you believe in Statistics, the results should be valid.

Finally, let us not provoke anyone in SL, and live in harmony and socially integrated, as a single country of governance, with Tamils and Sinhalese holding portfolios in Colombo.

Tamil Diaspora should forget SriLankan politics and get on living under their current domiciled laws and enjoy, with achieving their objective of educating their children. If not, we Tamils may start a war in the west.

NPC should start developing the North. Construct a reservoir in the Thondaimannar Vallai area. If Tamils think that developing the N&E will attract Sinhala settlers, then we are a bunch of self-centered, selfish hoodlums. NPC shall act on my recommendations submitted to, CM-NPC, Mavai Senathirajah, and MAS.

At the same time, Sinhalese and the government shall also note, accept that Tamils are an integral part of the society in the country, and N&E is part of SL, and shall promote development of the N&E with focus on microenterprises, jobs, private enterprises, and industrialization. Racial differentiation will not promote economic development and economic growth. It applies to both parties. We all are here to stay in SL and nowhere to go.

Thank you

Kanthar Balanathan

Melbourne, Australia

REGIONAL FOREIGN MINISTRY OFFICE IN JAFFNA

January 27th, 2017

Sarath Wijesinghe former Ambassador to UAE and Israel- Solicitor Attorney at: Law

Regional Office

Establishing a Regional Office in Jaffna is a step in the right direction, though it is not understood the motive or need to such an step when there is no certainty on the foreign policy of the country with proud history in maintaining correct foreign policy by most successive governments. North has become controversial with hundreds of resolutions adopted by the Provincial Council with no permission and concurrence with the Central Government, outside the preview of the powers of Provincial Councils and a centre of controversy most of the time. North needs economic benefits to enjoy the benefits of the peace dawned and it is not clear how this will provide economic benefits to the people sandwiched by the Indian and Sri Lankan Army during the road to quest for peace and peaceful living. Foreign Policy is a matter left to the Centre and provinces can do little on the formulation and maintenance of the policy of the country.

Do we have a Foreign Policy today?

What is our Foreign Policy? Do we have a Foreign Policy? Are we any longer Non Aligned? Or is the NAM out-dated?, are frequently asked but un- answered questions which has direct impact on the economy, prosperity and the future of Sri Lanka which has been transformed to be a most stable and peaceful country in the world after eradication of terror and introduction of mega developments, major improvements of infra-structure and atmospheres on investment and tourism with the influx of investors and tourist as the main by-product of the peace dawned after three decades of war. Hon D.S Senanayaka conducted policy according to the needs and moods of the world by entering into a Defence Agreement with Great Britain. Neutralism is not cowardice according to Hon SWRDs non alignment is not just being a passive actor in the world family. He said “we do not want to look either to the capitalism of the West or communism in the East- till we find the precise form of society that we think is the most suited to the country.” He said it is something very positive and not negative as the saying long ago in Galialee that the Sabbath was for man and not man for the Sabbath. He believed in positive and effective non alignment movement aiming at development and prosperity. It is doubtful whether we have a clear cut foreign policy today and it is time to spell it out loud and clear to the world with serious considerations and through study. It is a necessity to be clear on the foreign and other policies which are interconnected to our safety, security, developments and prosperity. H E Mahinda Rajapaksa has not been favoured by the West and USA then, but conducted the war foreign policy successfully until the end of the brutal war he ended successfully. Today there are three voices speaking to the world on the same subject, though in fact state must speak to the world with one word on the agreed and accepted policy.

Foreign Policy

Sri Lanka is located strategically in the Indian Ocean on the famous Silk Route traditionally and historically used by Arabs and Chinese for trade with South Asia. The Indian Ocean is now a primary focus of international politics and strategy. Its geo – political prominence makes it a pivotal factor in the global balance of power. In deed it infrequently called the

“Ocean of the Future”. The focus on Sri Lanka has hardened after Rajapaks winning the war and strengthening the position as an “Iron Fist” ruler in the traditional democratic environment. Fast and mega developments on infrastructure, Harbours, Aeroplanes, with the assistance of China which is a economic giant dealing with the other economic and political giants has irked and misunderstood India themselves dealing economically and political with China as allies. Rajapaksa’s extreme popularity, fearlessness, and leader ship as an emerging leader in the capacity of the leader of Commonwealth, SAARC amd many international organisations and a group of emerging nations irked the west responsible for the destabilization of the Middle East and may other Asian African and Latin American countries on attempts of successful Regime Change.

Extension of Domestic Policy

Foreign Policy of a country is an extension of domestic policy and the policy of the government in power. In many countries the governments change but not the foreign policy. Notably in UK, USA India USSR EU and China where the foreign policy is linked to economy, the changes are slight on change of governments which unfortunately is not the case in Sri Lanka. Foreign policy is w a government/country acts and reacts on and with the world family and the international organization on policy and economy of the member state and the world family. Foreign Policy is formulated and decided by the head of the state as his prerogative which he will delegate to the Minister of foreign affairs at his will and wish. Today in Sri Lanka the policy appear to have shifted towards west with closes contacts with USA and limited deals and dealings with the USSSR, China which includes the nonaligned and left block which has a soft corner for nonaligned Sri Lanka. In the current political pickle it is doubtful who decides and manages the foreign policy as the President, Prime Minister and the Minister of Foreign Affairs make different and conflicting statement on policies practice and theory on foreign policy which is expected to be clear clean managed and directed by the head f the state. Any statement made by the head of the State or the foreign minister is a part of international law and could be used as authentic in the world forum. Therefor the statements of the foreign minister should be responsible diplomat and non-political devoid of vengeance viperous and crude which reflects on the country as his statements are taken serious by the world. Are we living up to the world slandered is a moot issue to be decided by the people at an appropriate forum. How are we going to react to the new policy of the New USA President appear to have a soft corner for Asians by introducing a enw scheme for Asians while a rough attitude is taken in ISIS terror.

Correct Foreign Policy

Correct foreign Policy for a nation is a pre-requisite for development and prosperity. It has a direct effect and impact on commercial and trade relations among members of the world family and the world. In a fast developing world, it is becoming increasingly difficult to live in isolation. The advent of modern technology has promoted increased globalisation and an interconnected world community with the internet playing a large role in redefining political dynamics both domestic and international. Sri Lanka’s foreign policy is based on the principle “friendly towards all and enmity towards none based on the principles of non- aligned foreign policy, without taking sides of any major power block”. Do we maintain this foreign policy depends on the behaviour of the Leader of the country, Foreign Minister/Ministry and the Ambassadors representing the country world-wide. Foreign Policy is guided by the Minister of Foreign Affairs with the Ministry officials and the guided andvised by the head of the state. Today member countries of the world family are directing their Ambassadors to give priority to commerce and trade along with the traditional duties they are entrusted with.

Historical Aspects of our Foreign Policy

Sri Lanka’s foreign relations with other countries could be traced back to 3rd century BC when King Devenampiyatissa had close friendship with the unseen neighbour, Emperor Asoka who sent his son and daughter as emissaries to introduce Buddhism to Sri Lanka. 245 BC Emperor Asoka was instrumental in dispatching noble teachings of Buddhism to Sri Lanka an epoch making event through his son Arahathth Mahinda and followed by his daughter Sangamitta. Sri Lanka immensely benefited from the glorious Mayurian Civilization. A new culture in Sri Lanka was dawn based on principles of Buddhism with developments culturally economically due to the close connections with the neighbours. Friendship between the close friends then were equal, close and interconnected to friendship, culture, religion and developments of both countries culturally and economically irrespective of the size and population. There is ample historical evidence of Sri Lanka having diplomatic and personal relationships with China, Myanmar, Afghanistan, Maldives Islands, Thailand, Pakistan (known as Gandara in Pali) and many Western/Eastern and other countries in the world. This is a classic example of our long cherished and correct foreign policy maintained from time immoral.

Recent Past

In the present context it is useful to trace Sri Lankan foreign policy and relations back to pre-independence, as during the independence foreign policy was controlled and decided by the colonial British Powers. During the world war and the era of League of Nations British Empire was controlling the foreign policy of all the colonies. After the Independence in 1948 no changes were made on foreign policy as Sri Lanka then backed the west and the Colonel rulers and powers. On the 1st part of 20th century whole of South and South East Asia was controlled by Western powers. When Sri Lanka gained Independence it was defence less with no proper Army, Navy or an Air force to protect the country. It is correct on the part of Hon D.S.Senanayaka- named then Father of the Nation- who said “I cannot accept the responsibility of being Minister of defence unless I am provided with the full authority to take decision on defence. Accordingly he perused the defence agreement with UK which is the best option then which SWRD got rid of depending on safety and protection on the strength of the nonaligned foreign policy of the country. As a realist Politian he joined the Commonwealth and developed close links with the USA and continued friendship with UK the colonial father. His positions were clear in his statements on USA, UK, India and

Foreign Policy should be effective and productive

Foreign policy should be productive to the people and effective to the economy. Today member countries expect their Ambassadors representing the countries to give priority to economic developments along with the traditional ambassadorial duties. Accordingly we find foreign Ambassadors in Sri Lanka work day and night looking for business trade and contracts for their countries from Sri Lanka on various megaprojects launched by the Sri Lankan government. It is the duty of our Sri Lankan Ambassadors worldwide too to promote business trade and development projects for the development of our country. Whilst the foreign Ministry officials are given the due share it is the duty of those responsible to pick Sri Lankans in various walks of life on trade, tourism, education and other promotional/professional aspects for diplomatic appointments purely based on merits, though it should not be a disqualification for a person in politics, profession or in business to be a diplomat. There was continuous flow of Trade Missions and interactions to and from “United Arab Emeritus” and “Israel” to Sri Lanka and vice versa in the recent past organized by the Sri Lanka Embassies, with respective governments and the business communities with effective and productive results.

Sri Lanka Friendly Freeing Policy

Our country needs a Sri Lanka Friendly foreign policy aiming at the development and the prosperity of the Nation not necessarily following or promoting any group or ideology West East or North. We must always think of developing Sri Lanka in the real Sri Lankan way based on the visions of our visionaries, and not following the other” Isms” or blocks. Classic example is the vision and visionaries of the great power Israel – a desert with no water 67 years ago a world power now as a result of the correct foreign policy and vision of the great visionaries transferred to be a world leader on agriculture and Hi Tec. They had a vision and visionaries with a plan who loved the Nation and the people. They had only human resources. Dubai has only 4% oil compared to oil rich Adudabhi. But the visions of visionaries of the land have exploited the geo-situation which has brought Dubai to a top slot in the world business and affairs. We need not be aligned to any power block or group to be successful and to be the wonder of Asia. Foreign policy is an effective and a productive weapon and a concept which is to be used with a long term vision with a visionary aiming at economic industrial agricultural educational cultural and all other area of/on the national development. It echoes the policy of the Nation to the world and the mouth piece responsible for the friendship with the rest of the world where all other nations give probity to. Bad and ineffective foreign policy can ruin a nation and vice versa. It is the navigator and the leader for development and prosperity in the country region and the world over. Successes of many nations are mainly on/due to management of foreign policy properly and apply/implement correctly in the cultural and economic development which is to be carefully formulated and tested. Foreign , Security, Defence, and Economic polies in Israel changes only when necessary in the interest of the Nation and peoples, despite ferocious infighting in this unite democratic but” Iron Fist” world power base. Our neighbour India is a classic example on the conduct of the foreign policy and the Ministry which has long traditions and principles we should try to implement. Our leaders must be careful in making statements and speeches on foreign policy and other public and international affairs which is taken serious by the world family and the international organisations including UN IMF and other groups. They should restrain and refrain from making personal attacks and making statements aiming at individuals locally and internationally. It is advisable for them to have good speech writers and give special attention on eloquence, contents, context and the tone in making pubic/international statements because such statements may become part of international law in practice. In the circumstances establishing the regional office have no effect or bearing on the foreign policy to be transformed to be an effective and productive foreign policy

Writer could be reached on sarathdw28@gmail.com

සමලිංගිකතාව – මනෝ සමාජ විද්‍යා විග්‍රහයක්

January 27th, 2017

වෛද් රුවන් එම් ජයතුංග

සමලිංගිකත්වය මානව ශිෂ්ටාචාරය පුරා පැවති චර්‍යාවකි. සමලිංගිකත්වය ග්‍රීක සහ රෝම ශිෂ්ටාචාර වලදී අස්වාභාවික චර්‍යාවක් ලෙස සැලකුනේ නැත​. ග්‍රීක ඉතිහාසඥයෙකු වන හිරොඩෝටස් ග්‍රීක සමාජයේ පැවති සමරිසි චාරිත්‍ර ගැන ලියා තිබේ. ආදි අප්‍රිකානු සහ උතුරු ඇමරිකානු ස්වදේශිය ජන සමාජ වල සමලිංගිකත්වයට තහංචි නොවීය​. රතු ඉන්දියානුවන්  අතර සමකාමීන් හඳුන්වන ලද්දේ ද්විත්ව ආත්මයක් ඇති (Two-spirited ) තැනැත්තන් ලෙසටය. ​පිතෘ මූලික සමාජයක් වූ රෝම සමාජයේද සමරිසි බව පිළිගෙන තිබුණි. රෝම කවියෙකු වූ වර්ජිල් සමරිසියන් අතර තිබූ ආදරය පිලිබඳ කවි ලියුවේය​.

රෝම ශිෂ්ටාචාරය බිඳ වැටීමෙන් පසුව නැගී ගෙන ආ නව ආගමික ප්‍රවනතා සම ලිංගිකත්වය ප්‍රතික්ශේප කරන ලදි. ආදි ක්‍රිස්තියානි දේශකයෙකු වූ ටර්ටූලියන් ( කි.ව 155-ක්‍රි.ව 240) සමලිංගිකත්වය අස්වාභාවික සහ දුරාචාර ක්‍රියාවක් බව දේශනා කලේය​. බයිබලයේ සඳහන් වන පරිදි දෙවියන් වහන්සේ විසින් සොඩාම් සහ ගොමෝරා නගර දෙක විනාශ කර දමන්නේ ඔවුන් සමලිංගිකත්වය පරිචාරය කල බැවිනි. ඉස්ලාම් දහමට අනුව සමලිංගිකත්වය පාපයකි.ඒ සඳහා දඞුවම් කල යුතුය​.  ඉස්ලාමික ශරියා නීතියට අනුව සමලිංගික සේවනය සඳහා  හිස ගසාදැමීමෙන් හෝ ගල්ගැසීමෙන්  මරණ දඬුවම ක්‍රියාත්මක කරනු ලැබේ. යුදෙව් ටෝ‍රා ග්‍රන්ථයේද සමලිංගිකත්වය ප්‍රතික්ශේප කරයි.

ආගමික මති මතාන්තර නිසා බොහෝ සමාජ වල සමරිසියන් කෙරෙහි වෛරයක් මෙන්ම විරෝධයක් මතු විය. 13 වන සියවසේදී ක්‍රිස්තියානි ශාස්ත්‍රඥයෙකු වූ තෝමස් ඇක්වයිනාස් සම ලිංගිකතාව ස්වභාව ධර්මයට එදිරිව යන අස්වාභාවික ක්‍රියාවක් ලෙස දේශනා කලේය. මධ්‍යතන යුගයේ යුරෝපයේ ක්‍රිස්තියානි පල්ලිය විසින් සමරිසියන් ඝාතනය කිරීමට අනුබල දෙන ලදි.  ස්පාඤ්ඤ සංවික්‍ෂණ සමයේදී (Spanish Inquisition  ) සමරිසියන් ලෙස සැක කල ගැහැනුන් සහ මිනිසුන් සාතන් ගේ දරුවන් ලෙස පරිභවයට පත් කොට පණ පිටින් පුළුස්සා මරා දමන ලදි.

එංගලන්තයේ වික්ටෝ‍රියානු සමාජය තුල සමලිංගිකත්වයට නෛතික තහනමක් තිබූ අතර සමලිංගික චෝදනා ලද සාහිත්‍යධර ඔස්කා වයිල්ඩ් සිරගෙට නියම විය​.  1871 දී එංගලන්තයේ වේදිකා නළුවන් දෙදෙනෙකු වූ තෝමස් බෝල්ටන් සහ විලියම් පාර්ක්ට එදිරිව සමලිංගික චෝදනා ගොනු කරන ලදි. කෙසේ නමුත් එම නඩුවේදී චෝදනා සනාත කිරීමට සාක්‍ෂි නොවූයෙන් ඔවුන් දෙදෙනා නිදහස්  කරන ලදි. වික්ටෝ‍රියානු එංගලන්තය සමලිංගිකත්වය භයානක අපරාධයක් ලෙස නම් කරන ලදි.

බෞද්ධ සංස්කෘතිය තුල සමරිසියන් පීඩාවට පත් කිරීමක් නොවීය​. බුදුන් වහන්සේ සමරිසියන් කෙරෙහි බලන ලද්දේ මානුෂික ඇසකිනි. බෞද්ධ ඉතිහාසයේ කොසොල් රජුගේ ඇමතියන් දෙදෙනෙකු අතර තිබූ සමලිංගික සබඳතාවක් ගැන සඳහන් වේ. එසේම බුදුන් ගේ රූපයට ඇළුම් කල වක්කලී තෙර තුල යම් ආකාරයකට සමරිසි ආශයන් තිබූ බවට උපකල්පනය කල හැකිය​.  කච්චායන තෙර කෙරෙහි ඇළුණු සෝරෙයිය සිටුවරයා තුලද මතු වූයේ සමරිසි හැඟීම්ය​.

අතීත ලංකාවේ සමලිංගිකයන් ලිංගික පාපයේ වරදකරුවන් ලෙස සලකා ඝාතනය කිරීම් ගැන වාර්තා නොවේ. එසේම කේරෝස් ,රොබට් නොක්ස් , පර්සිවෙල්  යනාදීන් ගේ වාර්තා වල සමරිසියන් කෙරෙහි තිබූ සමාජ එදිරියක් ගැන සඳහනක් නැත . ඇතැමෙක්  විශ්වාස කරන පරිදි මහා කවි කාලිදාස සහ කුමාරදාස රජු අතර සමරිසි සබඳතාවක් තිබී  ඇත​. අතීත ශ්‍රී ලාංකික ග්‍රාමීය සමාජයේ සමලිංගිකත්වය නම් කරන ලද්දේ පන්සලේ සෙල්ලම යනුවෙනි. සමලිංගිකත්වය සඳහා වෙනත් සිංහල භාෂිතයක් නොවීය. ​සමලිංගිකත්වය කෙරෙහි අතීත ලාංකිකයා දක්වන ලද්දේ මධ්‍යස්ථ ස්වභාවයක් බව පෙනී යයි.

ලිංගික දිශානතිය (Sexual Orientation)  සහ සමලිංගිකතාව පිළිබඳ බොහෝ මත තිබේ. සමලිංගිකත්වය සඳහා ජාන , හෝමෝන සහ පරිසර සාධක බලපවත්වන බව පෙනී යයි. සත්ව ලෝකයේද සමකාමීත්වය වාර්තා වී ඇත.

ජර්මානු මනෝ වෛද්‍යවරයෙකු වූ රිචඩ් වොන් ක්‍රාෆ්ට් ඊබිං 1840 දී සමලිංගිකත්වය සහ ස්වයං වින්දනය ලිංගික අපගාමී චර්‍යාවන් ලෙස නම් කලේය​. බටහිර ලෝකයේ සමකාමීත්වය සාපරාධී ක්‍රියාවක් ලෙස නීතිගත වීමට රිචඩ් වොන් ක්‍රාෆ්ට් ඊබිංගේ බලපෑම හේතු කාරක විය​.

1905 දී සිග්මන්ඩ් ෆ්‍රොයිඩ් තම Three Essays on the Theory of Sexuality සහ 1920 දී The Psychogenesis of a Case of Homosexuality in a Woman  මගින් සමලිංගිකත්වය විග්‍රහ කලේය.  වික්ටෝ‍රියානු සංස්කෘතිය තුල උපත ලබා එම සංස්කෘතිය  තුල ජීවත් වූ ෆ්‍රොයිඩ් මනෝ වෛද්‍ය රිචඩ් වොන් ක්‍රාෆ්ට් ඊබිං අනුව යමින් සමලිංගිකත්වය මානසික ව්‍යාකූලතාවක් නිසා පැන නගින බව කීවේය.​එහෙත් සමකාමී බව මානසික ව්‍යාධියක් බව ෆ්‍රොයිඩ් කීවේ නැත​. එසේම යුරෝපයේ සමකාමීන් පෙළූ නීති වලට ෆ්‍රොයිඩ් එකඟ නොවීය​.  සමකාමීත්වය මනෝ ලිංගික වර්ධනයේදී (Psycho-sexual Development) මතු වන අවහිරතාවක් නිසා පැන නගින බව ෆ්‍රොයිඩ් විශ්වාස කලේය​.  එසේම ෆ්‍රොයිඩ් ගේ සිසුවෙකු වූ  මනෝ වෛද්‍ය හැරී ස්ටක් සුලිවන් සමකාමියෙකු විය​.

ලිංගිකත්වය පිළිබඳ පර්‍යේෂකයෙකු වූ ඇල්ෆ්‍රඩ් කිංසි 1943 – 1953 අතර කාලයේදී Sexual Behavior in the Human Male  / Sexual Behavior in the Human Female නමින් සුප්‍රකට ග්‍රන්ථ දෙකක් එළි දක්වන ලදි.  කින්සිට අනුව සෑම පුද්ගලයන් දහ දෙනෙකුගෙන් එක් අයෙකු සමකාමියෙකු වෙයි. පුද්ගලයන් සමකාමීන් ලෙස වර්ග කිරීමටද කින්සි විරුද්ධ විය​. ඔහුට අනුව ලිංගික දිශානතිය ස්ථායී නොවේ. එය යම් යම් සාධක මත වෙනස් විය හැකිය​. උදාහරණයක් ලෙස දීර්ඝ කාලයක් පුරා සිරගත කරන ලද විශම ලිංගික සිරකරුවන් තුල ඇතැම් විට සමලිංක රුචිය වර්ධනය වූ අවස්ථාවන් ඔහු පෙන්වා දුන්නේය​. සමලිංගිකත්වය දෙස වඩාත් විද්‍යාත්මකව බැලීමට ඇල්ෆ්‍රඩ් කිංසි ගේ පරියේෂණ ඉවහල් විය​.

1952 දී ඇමරිකානු මනෝ වෛද්‍ය සංගමය විසින් පළ කරන මානසික රෝග වර්ගීකරණ  කාර්‍ය සංග්‍රහයේ (The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders -DSM ) සමලිංගිකත්වය මානසික ව්‍යාධියක් ලෙස නම් කරන ලදි. එහෙත් ඇමරිකානු මනෝ වෛද්‍යවරයෙකු වූ රොනල්ඩ් බේයර් ගේ පරියේෂණ සහ පත්‍රිකා නිසා සමලිංගිකත්වය කෙරෙහි වඩාත් වෛද්‍ය විද්‍යාත්මකව බැලීමට ඇමරිකානු මනෝ වෛද්‍ය සංගමය යොමු විය​. මේ නිසා 1973 දී සමලිංගිකත්වය මානසික ව්‍යාධියක් නොවන බව ඇමරිකානු මනෝ වෛද්‍ය සංගමය සඳහන් කරන ලදි. 1987 දී සමලිංගිකතාව DSM වර්ගීකරණයෙන් සහමුලින්ම ඉවත් විය​. එසේම ලෝක සෞඛ්‍ය සංවිධානය 1992 සමලිංගිකත්වය තම අන්තර්ජාතික සංඛ්‍යාන රෝග වර්ගීකරණය හෙවත් ICD (International Statistical Classification of Diseases) ඉවත් කර ගන්නා ලදි.

සමලිංගිකයන් මානසික වශයෙන් පසුගාමීන් නොවන බව පරියේෂණ වලින් පෙන්වා දී තිබේ. සුප්‍රකට සමකාමීන් අතර මහ ඇලෙක්සැන්ඩර් රජු , මයිකල් ඈන්ජලෝ , ලියනාඩෝ ඩා වින්චි , ඇලන් ටියුරින් ,එල්ටන් ජෝන් යන පුද්ගලයන් වාර්තා වී තිබේ.

සමකාමීන් හෙවත් එල්.ජී.බී.ටී ප්‍රජාව ( lesbian, gay, bisexual or transgender -LGBT) නොහොත් සමලිංගික, ද්වි ලිංගික සහ ලිංග විපර්‍යාසිකයන් කෙරෙහි වර්තමානයේ බොහෝ සමාජ දක්වන්නේ එදිරිවාදී බවකි. ඉරානයේ සෞදි අරාබියේ , යේමනයේ සමලිංගිකයන් මරණ දඞුවමට යටත් වෙති එසේම උගන්ඩාව නයිජීරියාව, රුසියාව  ඇතුළු රටවල් 77 තුල (ශ්‍රී ලංකාවද ඇතුළුව​) සමරිසියන්ට එරෙහිව නීති පනවා තිබේ.

සමරිසියන් කෙරෙහි දක්වන බිය සහ එදිරිවාදී බව හෝමෝෆෝබියාව (Homophobia)  ලෙස හැඳින්වේ. ඇතැම් විට යම් පුද්ගලයෙකුට අවිඥානිකව මතු වන සමකාමී ආශයන් නිසා ඔහු හෝ ඇය සමකාමීන් කෙරෙහි වෛරයක් අනුගත කල හැකි බව විද්වතුන් පවසති උදාහරණයක් ලෙස ඇඩොල්ෆ් හිට්ලර් තුල අවිඥානිකව සමකාමී ආශයන් මතුවූ අතර ඔහු එය යටපත් කිරීමට මහත් වෙහෙසක් දැරීය​. මෙම අවිඥානික සමකාමී ආශය නිසා ඔහු සමලිංගිකයන් ගෑස් කාමර වෙත යැවීය.​ඇමරිකානු මනෝ විද්‍යාඥයෙකු වන හෙන්රි මරේ ඇඩොල්ෆ් හිට්ලර් තුල පැවති පරපීඩාකාමී  අවිඥානික සමකාමී ආශය  පිළිබඳව සඳහන් කොට ඇත.​තවද ඇමරිකාවේ සමකාමී පුද්ගලයන් දඩයම් කල එෆ්.බී.අයි ආයතනගේ එඩ්ගා හූවර් ද රහසිගත සමලිංගිකයෙකු විය​. මතුපිටින් ඔහු සමකාමීන් කෙරෙහි දැඩි විරෝධයක් දැක්වීය​.

නිදහස් මතධාරී ප්‍රන්ස කොමියුනිස්ට්වරියක මෙන්ම ලෙනින් ගේ හිතවතියකද වූ ඉනේසා අර්මාන්ඩ් සෝවියට් දේශයේ ලිංගික නිදහස පිලිබඳව ක්‍රියා කල නමුදු සමකාමීන් ගේ අයිතිවාසිකම් ගැන ඇය අමතක කලාය. සෝවියට් දේශය තුල සමරිසියන්ට නිදහසක් නොවීය​. ඔවුන් ගේ ජීවිත බොහෝ විට අවසන් වූයේ පුනරුත්ථාපන කඳවුරු වලය​. ස්ටාලින් යුගයේදී සමලිංගික චෝදනා සඳහා දඞුවම වූයේ වසර පහකට ශ්‍රම කඳවුරකට යැවීමයි. එසේම කියුබාවේ ෆිදෙල් කැස්ත්‍රෝද සමරිසියන්ව කඳවුරු වලට ගාල්  කරන ලදි.

1791 දී ප්‍රන්ස විප්ලවයෙන් පසු සමලිංගිකයන්ට එරෙහිව තිබූ නීති ඉවත් කරන ලදි. එහෙත් නැපොලියානු යුද සමයේදී යලිත් වරක් සමලිංගිකයන්ට එරෙහිව නීති සම්පාදනය විය​. ෆැන්කෝගේ පාලන සමයේදී ස්පාඤ්ඤයේ සමරිසියන්ට දැඩි දඞුවම් පමුනුවන ලදි. යුරෝපයේ තිබූ සමරිසි විරෝධය අවසන් වීම සනිටුහන් වන්නේ 1989දී ඩෙන්මාර්කය විසින් සමලිංගික සබඳතා නීතිගත කිරීමෙන් පසුවය. මේ වන විට බොහෝ යුරෝපීය සහ උතුරු ඇමරිකානු රටවල් විසින් සමලිංගිකත්වය නීතිගත කොට ඇත​.

දණ්ඩ නීති සංග්‍රහය අනුව ලංකාව තුල සමලිංගික වර්‍යාවල නිරතවීම  දඩුවම් ලැබියහැකි වරදකි. මෙම නීතිය පනවා තිබෙන්නේ 1886 දීය​. සමලිංගික සම්බන්ධතා “ස්වභාවික නොවන ලිංගික හැසිරීමක්” සහ සාපරාධී ක්‍රියාවක් ලෙසින් විග්‍රහ කරන මෙම නීතිය බ්‍රිතාන්‍ය අධිරාජ්‍යවාදී යුගයේ පනවන ලද අතර මේ වන විට බ්‍රිතාන්‍ය සමලිංගික විවාහය නීතිගතකර තිබේ.

මානව හිමිකම් පාර්ශවයෙන් සහ මානවවාදී ලෙසින් සළකා බලන විට වැඩිහිටියන් දෙදෙනකු ස්වකැමැත්තෙන් කිසියම් ප්‍රේම සම්බන්ධතාවක් පවත්වන්නේ නම් සංස්කෘතිය හෝ සදාචාරාත්මක හේතු පදනම් කරගනිමින් ඔවුන්ව පීඩාවට පත් නොකල යුතු බව ජාතික මානව හිමිකම් කොමිසමේ  සභාපතිනි මහාචාර්ය දීපිකා උඩුගම පෙන්වා දෙන්නීය. මේ අතර සමලිංගික සබඳතා සම්බන්ධයෙන් කැබිනට් මණ්ඩලය හමුවට ආ යෝජනාව තමන් ඉවත දැමූ බව ජනාධිපති මෛත්‍රිපාල සිරිසේන ප්‍රකාශ කොට තිබේ.

කෙසේ නමුත් පුද්ගලයකුගේ ලිංගික දිශානතිය සහ ලිංගික අනන්‍යතාවය මත ප්‍රචණ්ඩත්වය, හිංසා කිරීම, විවේචනය, බැහැරකිරීම, ගර්භාවට පත්කිරීම මානුශිකවාදීද කියා සිතීමේ කාලය එලැඹී තිබේ.

 

වෛද් රුවන් එම් ජයතුංග 

One Colombo Project receives 8 acres at Slave Island, special concessions

January 27th, 2017

By Saman Indrajith Courtesy The Island

The government has given an eight-acre land in Slave Island to a private company which would invest US D 429.5 million(Rs 64,425 million) to construct a multi-storeyed building complex as a re-development and mixed development project.

The government has granted an income tax holiday for 10 years and a tax exemption for six years to the investing company named One Colombo Project (Private) Ltd, according to a gazette tabled in parliament yesterday.

Chief Government Whip and Parliamentary Affairs and Mass Media Minister Gayantha Karunathilake presented the gazette on behalf of Minister of Development Strategies and International Trade Malik Samarawickrama.

According to the gazette, the One Colombo Project (OCP) shall implement and commence commercial operations in the said area within eight (08) years from the date of the project agreement signed between the Board of Investment of Sri Lanka and the OCP.

The provisions of the Inland Revenue Act No 10 of 2006 relating to the imposition of income tax (under Corporate Income Tax) shall not apply for a period of ten years to the profit of the project other than the sale of apartments and only a tax exemption of period of six years for the income generated through the sale of apartments.

“Dividends distributed to the shareholders out of the exempted profit shall be exempted from the income tax during the said tax exemption period of ten years or six years as the case may be and one year after,” the gazette says.

It says: “The company shall be exempted from the payment of Withholding Tax on the following: (a) on the interest on foreign loans taken for capital expenditure and technical fees paid to consultants ; (b) on management fees and royalty payments provided however the total of such charges does not exceed three per cent of the gross operating revenue; (c) on marketing fees provided however the total of such fees does not exceed 1.5 percent of the gross operating revenue; and (d) on incentive management fees provided however the total of such fees does not exceed 10 percent of the gross operating profit.

“The expatriate staff of the project company shall be exempted from the payment of Pay As You Earn tax subject to the restriction that this concession shall apply subject to the maximum number of 15 employees at any given time.

“All imports of project related goods and local purchases of project related goods or services required for the implementation of the projects as approved by the BOI, shall be exempted from the payment of VAT for eight years.

“The project company shall be exempted from the payment and charge of Ports and Airports Development Levy (PAL) for eight years.

The Project company shall be exempted from Construction Industry Guarantee Fund Levy.

The company has also been given an exemption of paying Customs duty on importation of project related items for eight years.

UPFA MP Bandula Gunawardena called on the Chair and asked the Speaker to give a debate on the matter.

‘පෙරලියක ඇරඹුම’ ජන රැළිය සජීවී විකාශණය මෙන්න..

January 27th, 2017

 ලංකා සී නිවුස්

‘පෙරලියක ඇරඹුම’ ජන රැළිය සජීවී විකාශණය මෙන්න..

ඒකාබද්ද විපක්‍ෂ විසින් පවත්වන ‘පෙරලියක ඇරඹුම’ ජන රැළිය අද නුගේගොඩ ආනන්ද සමරකෝන් පිටියේදී පැවැත්වෙයි.

එම රැළියේ සජීව විකාශණය මෙතනින්

44,928 Viewers

A fox, a tortoise and a president

January 27th, 2017

Editorial The Island

President Maithripala Sirisena said at Abhayaramaya the other day he had received information that an attempt was being made to file civil action against the bond scam suspects. He had, therefore, decided to appoint a presidential commission to conduct a thorough probe so as to have them dealt with appropriately. The bond thieves have evidently abused public funds by utilizing money belonging to the EPF, state banks etc in an improper manner and making huge profits at the expense of those institutions. Therefore, they must be arraigned on criminal charges and arrested forthwith. We have pointed out in this space many a time that a CID report on the bond scams was referred to the Attorney General (AG) in 2015 and he had recommended civil action.

The UNP would not have promptly referred the COPE report, diluted with footnotes to the Attorney General’s Department, which is an appendage of the government unless it had been confident that an escape route could be opened for the bond thieves via Hulftsdorp. The Joint Opposition (JO) et al finally granted the UNP’s wish at the end of the recent parliamentary debate! The House resolved to refer the COPE report, riddled with holes to the AG, for action.

What parliament has decided by way of bringing the bond thieves to justice reminds us of a children’s story where a wily tortoise escapes a fox, which struggles to break its hard shell, which, it says, can be softened only by being soaked in water. The fox puts the tortoise in a stream and keeps a leg on it to prevent it from fleeing. In the end the victim groans in anguish, claiming that the entire shell, except the area covered by the predator’s leg is weighing down, was soft. The fox lifts its leg and the tortoise makes good its escape. The cantankerous Opposition MPs demanding action against bond thieves have acted like the silly fox and facilitated the UNP’s escape.

Former President Mahinda Rajapaksa declared, at Abhayaramaya on Thursday, that a future government under him would have the bond thieves arrested. We bet our bottom dollar that nothing of the sort would happen even if the JO were to capture state power tonight. It is deliberately going slow on the bond scams which alone can be flogged effectively to mobilise people against the government. It does not want to go the whole hog to do so apparently because such action will weaken the UNP and help, albeit unwittingly, strengthen its bête noire, President Sirisena’s position in the government. Had anyone connected to Sirisena been involved in the bond thefts, the Rajapaksas would have held mass rallies one after the other demanding his arrest and the ouster of the President. The JO remains maniacally focused on engineering President Sirisena’s downfall and is ready to forge an alliance even with the devil to achieve that end.

The JVP deprived the country of having one of the best former public officials in Parliament. It appointed as a National List MP respected former Auditor General Sarath Chandrasiri Mayadunne, but he resigned immediately after being sworn in as a lawmaker in 2015 so that Sunil Handunetti, a defeated candidate, could secure the vacant slot. Handunnetti was appointed the Chairman of the Committee on Public Enterprises (COPE). Had Mayadune remained in Parliament and been entrusted with that job, there would have been no need for a presidential commission on the bond scams; he would have done a thorough job and nobody would have been in a position to question his integrity or professionalism or the content of the COPE report.

As for the bond scams, President Sirisena has wrong-footed the JO, which has sought to play politics with the issue. The promised presidential inquiry, if properly conducted, will help him kill not just two but three birds with one stone. He will be able to expose the JO’s hypocrisy, tame the UNP, which is trying to undermine his authority and endear himself to the public. All he has to do is to put his executive foot down. He has already impressed the public with progressive moves such as the denial of a second term to former Central Bank Governor Arjuna Mahendran despite pressure from the UNP and settling the lottery agents’ dispute.

However, President Sirisena will have to ensure that the money stolen from the workers’ fund and state banks by the bond thieves are recovered with interest and the culprits brought to justice. With people on his side, he will be able to overcome the gnawing sense of insecurity which always troubles incumbent presidents.

Overseas LTTE-backed plot to assassinate TNA MP Sumanthiran in Jaffna revealed

January 27th, 2017

By D. B. S. Jeyaraj Courtesy The Daily Mirror

“Nallavan” (not his real name) is a Tamil youth living in a Northern village. He was a former member of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) organization who had surrendered to the armed forces in May 2009. He was incarcerated for a period of time and released after undergoing a process of rehabilitation. Life in a post-war Northern environment was painfully difficult because Nallavan could not get gainful employment anywhere. Neither did he have adequate financial resources to go abroad. Nallavan lived with an aged aunt and engaged occasionally in manual work as a casual worker whenever possible.


Nallavan was approached by a former LTTE cadre called “Master” in November last year. Master asked “Nallavan” to hoist the LTTE flag clandestinely at particular places in Kilinochchi on November 26 night. The following day Nov 27 was the “Maaveerar Naal” or Great heroes day of the LTTE. He was offered Rs. 5,000 for it. Nallavan being hard-pressed accepted the offer and executed the assigned task. He was promptly paid the promised sum.

The TID officials were initially doubtful about Nallavan’s bona fides but after prolonged interrogation felt he was telling the truth. The TID headquarters in Colombo was alerted about the potential threat to MP Sumanthiran’s life. 


A few days later “Master” came to meet Nallavan in the company of another ex-Tiger with a disfigured hand. They had a proposition. Nallavan was asked to join them on a new mission. He was told that there was a “contract” to kill an important Tamil politician. Nallavan would be given fifteen lakhs of rupees payment. Also safe passage would be provided for him if necessary to go to India and from there to Europe via a south-east Asian country. The duo said some tiger leaders living overseas had wanted this done and guaranteed payment and safe passage. Nallavan said he could arrive at a decision only if he knew who the target was. When the ex-tiger duo revealed the name of the target Nallavan was shocked.

The Tamil politician target was Maithiaparanam Abraham Sumanthiran, the Tamil National alliance MP from Jaffna district. When told that the contract was to kill Sumanthiran, a horrified Nallavan refused vehemently. He said that he had been observing Sumanthiran’s politics in recent times and had been impressed by him. Nallavan said the war was now over and that Tamils must live in Sri Lanka with equal rights. He said Sumanthiran along with people like Sampanthan and Senathirajah were doing their best to win back the lost rights of Tamils without violence through democratic methods. Besides as a lawyer, Sumanthiran was helping in the cases of so many Tamils including ex-Tiger cadres. Nallavan also said that laying hands on someone like Sumanthiran would upset the present situation of fragile peace and invite massive State suppression.

The other two did not agree. They insisted that Sumanthiran was a traitor and had to be weeded out. Nallavan however stood his ground firmly in the ensuing argument and insisted that no attempt should be made on anyone’s life in general and Sumanthiran in particular. Seeing Nallavan’s determination and firm resolve the other two departed saying we will give up this idea. They told Nallavan the matter was over and to forget what happened.

Nothing more was heard and Nallavan thought the assassination plan had been abandoned. However a few weeks later Nallavan ran across the guy called “Master” and simply asked him in Tamil “How are things going?”. The answer was cryptic.” Things will go on whatever happens”. This set the bells ringing in Nallavan’s brain. Were they planning to proceed with the plot hatched to assassinate Sumanthiran” he began worrying.

Terrorism Investigation Department  
After a few days of agonizing, Nallavan thought it was best to inform authorities of what he knew and his suspicions. He knew he was taking a huge risk but Nallavan thought it was his duty to do so. Nallavan approached a distant relative who was a Govt official and was acquainted with the Police. After listening to what Nallavan said the Govt official relative got perturbed and said we must tell the Police. So an appointment was secured with officers of the Terrorism Investigation Department (TID) in Vavuniya. Nallavan related all that had happened and also what he suspected was happening to the officials. This was on December 23, 2016.

The TID officials were initially doubtful about Nallavan’s bona fides but after prolonged interrogation felt he was telling the truth. The TID headquarters in Colombo was alerted about the potential threat to MP Sumanthiran’s life. The Presidents office was also informed. On December 24, Sumanthiran was on his way from Colombo to Jaffna to attend a cultural festival in Karaveddy where he was the chief guest. Shantha Bandara of the Presidential Secretariat telephoned Sumanthiran enroute to Jaffna and told him of a possible threat to his life and advised him to turn back. Sumanthiran however had passed beyond Vavuniya at that time and decided to proceed as planned.

Sumanthiran reached Jaffna and went to Karaveddy for the festival. He learnt that security had been beefed up for the event and that bomb squad officials had undertaken a thorough search of the stage and premises. Nothing further or untoward happened on that day. Sumanthiran returned to Colombo for Christmas and thereafter went to a South Asian country on a holiday with his family. The trip had been scheduled months before the security threat scare. The Jaffna district MP who is also the official spokesperson of both the Tamil National Alliance (TNA) and its chief constituent the Ilankai Thamil Arasu Katchi (ITAK) returned to Lanka with his family in the first week of the new year.

Meanwhile the TID advised “Nallavan” to keep quiet and go on with his day to day life as usual.The anti-terrorism officials traced the whereabouts of the ex-LTTE members who interacted with Nallavan and quietly placed them under observation. The intelligence wings of both the Police and army have established and maintained a network of spies, informants and agents in the Northern and Eastern provinces. The movements of both the ex-LTTE members implicated by Nallavan were placed under scrutiny as “persons of interest” and monitored inconspicuously. The movements of both on Jan 12 and 13 gave grounds of suspicion. The TID decided to strike.  A team comprising three Policemen – two in uniform, one in civil – went to a house on Wilson street in Thiruvaiyaaru, Kilinochchi on the night of Jan 14/15 2017. The trio identified themselves as TID officers from Vavuniya and took into custody a 32-year-old Murugiah Thavaventhan, a former LTTE member. Thavaventhan who had surrendered to the Army at Oamanthai on May 18, 2009 had been detained at the Nelukkulam camp for 10 months and released on March 7, 2010 after undergoing rehabilitation. He was taken to Vavuniya for further interrogation.

Thiruvaiyaaru in Kilinochchi  
On January 16, 2017, a team of TID officials went to a financial institution in Kilinochchi town and took into custody a 37-year-old ex-LTTE member employed there. The man was Karalasingham Kulendran alias “Master”. He was also a resident of Thiruvaiyaaru in Kilinochchi. He too was taken to Vavuniya for further interrogation.
The interrogation of 32-year-old Murugiah Thavaventhan and 37-year-old Karalasingham Kulendran by the TID yielded further results. Acting on information procured through interrogation, TID officials of the Police raided a house belonging to a relative of Kulendran alias Master in Ootrupulam, Kilinochchi and recovered two claymore mines one of which was particularly powerful. Police also arrested two more ex-Tigers in Trincomalee and Thaalayadi respectively consequent to the interrogation of the two Thiruvaiaaru residents.

Chandrasekaralingam Vasudevan alias Mathan was arrested at a house in Alles Gardens,Trincomalee. Two parcels of “Kerala Ganja” weighing 2 kg each were also seized. Three other occupants in the house including a husband and wife couple were also arrested and charged for Narcotic offences. Vasudevan alias Mathan who was also a rehabilitated ex-Tiger was detained by the TID and further interrogated.

TID officers arrested a fourth person at Maruthankerni on the eastern littoral of the Jaffna peninsula. He was a rehabilitated former LTTE member now driving a trishaw. The man whose name was Mariyanayagam Lewis Ajanthan was also known by the nom de plume Jana. His nom de guerre while in the LTTE was Kadalavan. Police also recovered 6 exploders and related equipment from Ajanthan’s residence. Interestingly enough about 8 to 10 kg of  “Kerala Ganja” was also recovered here.

All four arrested were ex-LTTE members and linked to each other 

Thavaventhan and Kulendran being residents of Thiruvaiyaaru interacted with each other frequently. Vasudevan too visited Kilinochchi regularly and would stay for several weeks at a stretch. He had been in Kilinochchi during the “Thaipongal” festival in 2017 too. Apparently Vasudevan used to stay in the Ootrupulam house where the claymore mines were found. It appeared to investigators that the four arrested persons were involved in distributing “Kerala Ganja” smuggled from India to the Thaalayadi coast and then taken to Trincomalee. Vasu was the acknowledged leader of the quartet.

Remanded to fiscal custody

After obtaining full statements from Vasudevan, Thavaventhan, Kulendran and Ajanthan, the TID produced the four on January 20 at the Kilinochchi Courts before District Judge A. A. Anandarajan. In an unusual move, the four were not indicted under the Prevention of Terrorism Act (PTA). Instead they were charged for being in possession of explosives and narcotics. Also there was no specific reference to the assassination attempt on Sumanthiran MP. Instead there was only a reference to a plot to attack a political VIP. All four were remanded to fiscal custody and are currently being held at the Anuradhapura prisons.

The reasons for the Police not charging the four under the PTA is unclear at the moment. Also puzzling is the vague description about a political VIP instead of an explicit reference to Sumanthiran. One reason may be due to a reluctance to charge anyone under the draconian PTA which is to be repealed and replaced soon. Another reason may be a design on the part of the TID to conduct a more comprehensive investigation into the matter and probe the overseas LTTE connection extensively.

There could also be another motive. The opposition led by ex-President Mahinda Rajapaksa has been critical of the Sirisena-Wickremrsinghe Govt over a number of matters. Chief among these is the accusation that the Govt through various acts of omission and commission have created an environment where separatist/terrorist elements are on the rise and national security is at risk. The plot to assassinate Sumanthiran could therefore be utilised by the opposition to declare that the LTTE has been revived and criticise the Govt vehemently on that count. Whatever be the rationale behind the conduct of the Police in charging the suspects, it would be useful to remember the proverbial saying about the futile exercise of trying to hide a whole pumpkin in a plate of rice.

I was able to gather some details about the on going probe from security related sources. According to information divulged by members of this “gang of four” there are three overseas tiger operatives “handling” them by sending them cash and issuing instructions. They were known as “Vetri”, “Maaran” and “Amuthan”. All three are suspected of belonging to the overseas LTTE faction headed by Norway-based Perinbanayagam Sivaparan alias Nediyavan. Maaran is based in France and Vetri in  Australia. Amuthan is reportedly in Malaysia. Sri Lankan sleuths suspect that Amuthan from Malaysia is actually a former LTTE intelligence chief Pottu Ammaan’s senior deputy Chiranjeevi master whose real name is Jeevaratnam Jeevakumar.

All four persons were interrogated separately. What they disclosed to officials was more or less similar in content and detail. The information garnered revealed that a plot had been hatched to assassinate TNA parliamentarian and lawyer M. A. Sumanthiran. A clear overseas LTTE connection was also established. What shocked investigating sleuths was the fact that the would be assassins may have succeeded in killing Sumanthiran but for an accidental quirk of fate or an act of divine providence depending upon how one perceives these matters.

“Vadamaratchy” region of Jaffna  

Sumanthiran in his capacity as a Jaffna district MP of the TNA looks after the electoral divisions of Uduppiddy and Point Pedro. Together these two areas comprise what is known as the “Vadamaratchy” region of Jaffna. The three divisional secretariats within these two electoral divisions are Maruthankerni, Karaveddy and Point Pedro. The Maruthankerni division consists mainly of littoral villages of the Vadamaratchy east coast. It is relatively underdeveloped when compared to other hinterland areas of the Jaffna peninsula. Therefore as an elected Parliamentarian, Sumanthiran has been devoting a considerable amount of time and effort to cater to the needs of the people from this under developed area. As such he regularly visits Maruthankerni while in the North.

The interrogation of 32-year-old Murugiah Thavaventhan and 37-year-old Karalasingham Kulendran by the TID yielded further results. Acting on information procured through interrogation, TID officials of the Police raided a house belonging to a relative of Kulendran alias Master in Ootrupulam, Kilinochchi and recovered two claymore mines one of which was particularly powerful. Police also arrested two more ex-Tigers in Trincomalee and Thaalayadi respectively consequent to the interrogation of the two Thiruvaiaaru residents

Maruthankerni is 306 km from Colombo, 43 km from Jaffna town and 28 km from the Point Pedro town. Maruthankerni could be accessed via two “B” class roads. One is the 28.96 km long Point Pedro-Maruthankerni road known as B 371. The other is the 7.48 km long Soranpattru-Thaalayadi road known as B 402. The Soranpattru-Thaalayadi road branches off to the east from the key Jaffna – Kandy road known as the A-9 highway at “Puthukaattu Chanthi” or Puthukaadu junction. This stretch of road runs through coconut estates, shrub jungle, plains and a few paddy fields. The area which includes the villages of Soranpatru and Maasaar is sparsely populated. The road proceeding to Thaalayadi on the east coast from Puthukaadu junction reaches the Maruthankerni junction at Thaalayady. Maruthankerni is adjacent to Thaalayadi. Many people travelling to and from Maruthankerni from Jaffna prefer to use the B 402 instead of the B 371. Sumanthiran uses this road regularly to reach Maruthankerni.

According to information provided by security related sources, the ex-LTTE gang of four had plotted to assassinate Sumanthiran while he was travelling along this Soranpatru-Thaalayadi road to Maruthankerni and back. The straight road running through sparsely populated areas with dense foliage on either side was quite conducive to explode a landmine at an approaching vehicle.,Two operations to explode claymore mines and kill Sumanthiran had been planned. Both the assault plans targeting Sumanthiran were never put into action due to reasons beyond their control.

In the first instance, Sumanthiran was scheduled to be the chief guest at a cultural festival organized by the Vadamaratchy east divisional secretariat at Maruthankerni. The function was at 4.00 pm on December 12, 2016. The would be assassins had been lying in wait along the Soranpatru-Thaalayadi road. However, Sumanthiran’s vehicle had not proceeded on the road as planned. It was believed that Sumanthiran was not going to attend the event as scheduled. However, the conspirators were surprised to hear later that Sumanthiran had arrived and participated in the event as planned.

B 402 Soranpattru-Thaalayady road 
The second instance was on January 13, 2017. There is a proposal to set up a sea water de-salination plant on the Thaalayadi coast. This project has had a mixed reception with some supporting and others opposing it. Besides there is much confusion about the details of the envisaged project. Hence a seminar cum public meeting was to be held on Jan 13 to clarify doubts. A number of knowledgeable experts were to address the gathering. Sumanthiran was to chair the meeting. Apparently the plotters knowing Sumanthiran was expected had been prepared to explode a claymore on the B 402 Soranpatru-Thaalayady road and assassinate the TNA parliamentarian. Again Sumanthiran did not come as anticipated. Apparently Sumanthiran had cancelled his trip to Jaffna.

It was quite clear that Sumanthiran could have been killed on either of these occasions if events had not taken different turns. Neither the TNA lawmaker nor the law enforcement authorities had been aware of the nefarious plot targeting Sumanthiran. How then did Sumanthiran escape from an attack that would have surely caused a loss of life or limb on the B402 Road on the fateful dates of December 12, 2016 and on January 13, 2017?  In a bid to find out more I contacted Sumanthiran by telephone.The TNA parliamentarian confirmed that the Police as well as upper echelons of the Govt had informed him of the assassination plot and the aborted attempts on his life. Sumanthiran however was reluctant to comment further at this point of time preferring to wait till more details of the plot were available. I then asked him about how he had escaped the “death traps” of December 12 and January 13, and what had happened. This was what Sumanthiran said:-

“The vehicle I used whenever I travelled to the North from Colombo was not available in December last year when I went to Jaffna. So I hired a vehicle for the purpose. On the morning of December 12, I participated at a seminar in Nallur about the proposed new Constitution that went on till noon. TNA Northern Provincial Councillor and fellow lawyer Kesavan Sayanthan also was present at the seminar. When it was over he wanted to discuss some matters with me. Sayanthan said he too was going to Maruthankerni for the cultural event and that we too could travel together and discuss. So I decided to go along with Sayanthan in his vehicle. My vehicle and security detail followed behind. We went down the A-9 road to Puthukaadu junction and turned left on the Thaalayady road and reached Maruthankerni. We had a good discussion on the way and did not observe anything or anyone suspicious.Thereafter Sayanthan returned a little early from Maruthankerni but I stayed on. I then returned to Jaffna in my vehicle”.

I then asked Sumanthiran about the attempt on his life that had been planned on that day and how he had escaped. The TNA parliamentarian replied thus “I too am unable to say anything definite until full details of the plot are disclosed by the investigators. But from what I have been told so far it appears that they were waiting for my usual vehicle to come along the road. So when I went in Sayanthan’s vehicle they would have been unprepared and must have missed me. I am unclear as to whether they were lying in wait for me when I returned to Jaffna along the same route. If they had been waiting there, they may have been on the look out for my regular vehicle which is well-known in the North. Since I was using a different, hired vehicle they may have missed me again”.

Alerted on Dec 24 about security threat  
I then asked Sumanthiran about the attack planned for January 13 and what had happened then. I specifically asked him whether he had cancelled the trip to the north because he had had prior warning about the threats to his life. Sumanthiran replied as follows – “ No, no, I didn’t cancel the trip due to security threats. It is correct that I was alerted on December 24 last year by the Presidential Secretariat about a security threat and advised to cancel the trip. But I was halfway through by then and did not want to turn back. I was away from the country during the last week of December and first week of January. Upon returning I began attending to my usual duties”

Speaking further Sumanthiran said “What had happened was that I had planned to be at the sea water de-salination project seminar as scheduled on January 13. My wife too was to accompany me on the trip to Jaffna. But suddenly on January 11 another issue turned up which compelled me to remain in Colombo. This was due to some legal issues that I was handling as a lawyer and had nothing to do with politics or security matters. I was very keen to be present at the de-salination project meeting but could not do so as planned. So I had to inform the officials on January 12 that I would not be able to attend. From what I heard so far they had been well prepared this time to target me but my cancelling the trip at the last minute seems to have thwarted their plans”.

Observing that these accidental turns of events on two occasions seem to have saved his life, I asked the Jaffna district MP whether adequate provisions for enhancing his security have been made. Sumanthiran said that Law and Order Minister Sagala Ratnayake had communicated with him about it. The minister had told him that the issue had been discussed at the National Security Council meeting and that a sound security arrangement has been made. Sumanthiran said that the new enhanced security scheme was currently coming into force. For obvious reasons I did not ask him to elaborate further on the new security arrangements.

Sumathiran also said that both President Sirisena and Prime Minister Ranil Wickremesinghe had been in touch with him and expressed concern. The PM had expressed tremendous relief that he had not been harmed in any way and also quipped “If you hadn’t cancelled your Jaffna trip on Friday 13, you wouldn’t be alive today”. The President who was also worried by the turn of events had talked to Sumanthiran in detail about his (Sirisena’s) experiences of being under threat.”Whatever happens, you must keep on going to Jaffna and keep on doing your duties” President Sirisena had
advised Sumanthiran.

“I will continue to go to North as before”  

At this juncture I queried from Sumanthiran whether he would be travelling to the North as he did earlier in view of the perceived threat to his life. His reply was tersely to the point. Sumanthiran said “I will continue to go to the North as before and continue to directly engage with the people as I have been doing in the past”..

I then asked the TNA parliamentarian about the arrested suspects being former LTTE members and of information available about overseas Tiger involvement in the plot. I asked him whether this was another exercise in the series of attempts by the diaspora Tigers to revive the LTTE again in the Country. Sumanthiran was cautious in replying saying it was too premature to arrive at conclusions whether this was a case of the LTTE being revived or not. He went on to say “What seems to be clear now is that some misguided former LTTE cadres living in the island are being exploited by certain overseas elements through cash incentives to engage in acts of violence on Sri Lankan soil. We can’t be sure at this time whether this is an individual act targeting me or whether it is part of a more comprehensive design to revive the LTTE again. I am confident that the security agencies will probe this further and arrive at definite conclusions very soon”.

As MP Sumanthiran himself opines it is too early to speculate whether the targeting of the TNA parliamentarian is an isolated matter or part of another broader attempt to revive the LTTE in Sri Lanka. There have been many such attempts before and have been delved into in great detail in these columns earlier. Also troubling is the fact that he has been intensively vilified and derogated by pro-LTTE elements in Sri Lanka and abroad. Traitorization and character assassination has been the usual LTTE practice before and after killing a person. This modus operandi was patently visible in the assassination of Dr. Neelan Tiruchelvam.

Sumanthiran has been playing a very positive role in bridging the gulf between the ethnicities and striving to ensure the restoration of Tamil rights through democratic means. In recent times he has been making a constructive contribution to the Constitution-making process in his capacity as TNA member of the Constitutional Assembly steering committee and also as co-chair along with Dr. Jayampathy Wickramaratne of the Management Committee of the secretariat for the Constitutional Assembly. It is widely acknowledged that the enactment of a progressive Constitution would be a significant achievement that could usher in true justice, equality and ethnic reconciliation. This has resulted in hawkish elements on both sides of the ethnic divide being united in opposition to the envisaged Constitution for different reasons.

It is an incontrovertible fact that the LTTE elements overseas and pro-Tiger elements within Sri Lanka are extremely antagonistic towards Sumanthiran. He has been attacked viciously by Tiger and pro-Tiger media organs. The diaspora Tigers spent huge sums of money to defeat Sumanthiran at the 2015 elections. Sumanthiran won handsomely but the people backed by the overseas Tigers such as Gajendrakumar Ponnambalam and Suresh Premachandran lost badly. Thereafter the Tigers orchestrated a campaign to abuse and humiliate Sumanthiran publicly at different places in Jaffna and in western countries like Australia, Britain and Switzerland. The idea was to pressurize Sumanthiran into quitting politics. This too has not happened.

Chance, luck or divinely ordained providence  

Against this backdrop, there are sufficient grounds to suspect that the overseas LTTE has now changed its approach and opted to eliminate Sumanthiran through assassination. As investigations continue into the assassination attempt, there is every chance that further information would be available to shed more light on this. As for now it is obvious that the planned assassination attempts did not succeed or materialise through accidental turns of events attributable to mere chance, sheer luck or divinely ordained providence.

More importantly, the role played by the ex-Tiger, who alerted the Police about the potential assassination deserves very high praise. Actions of whistle blowers like “Nallavan” should be strongly commended. His real name or other related particulars cannot be disclosed due to security reasons. He is certainly a good man. This world is a good place only because of good men. That is why I have bestowed the name “Nallavan” to him in this article. For Nallavan in Tamil means “Good Man”.

D.B.S.Jeyaraj can be reached at dbsjeyaraj@yahoo.com  

– See more at: http://www.dailymirror.lk/article/Overseas-LTTE-backed-plot-to-assassinate-TNA-MP-Sumanthiran-in-Jaffna-revealed-122886.html#sthash.RFjfmvMV.dpuf


Copyright © 2017 LankaWeb.com. All Rights Reserved. Powered by Wordpress