ACCOUNTABILITY, HUMAN RIGHTS & PROMOTING RECONCILIATION IN SRILANKA

October 12th, 2014

Kanthar Balanathan, Australia

 1. ACCOUNTABILITY

Accountability”, in general, is answerability, liability and an expectation of provision of description and explanation. In governance, the accountability of the governing body is to the public and legislative bodies, and not to overseas companies, organisations or para terrorist forums.

Below an excerpt from the US Department of State.

“Government accountability means that public officials – elected and un-elected – have an obligation to explain their decisions and actions to the citizens. Government accountability is achieved through the use of a variety of mechanisms – political, legal and administrative – designed to prevent corruption and ensure that public officials remain answerable and accessible to the people they serve. In the absence of such mechanisms, corruption may thrive.”

-U.S. Department of State

In the paradigm of SriLanka, Tamils, who have forgone their SriLankan citizenship in place of their domiciled country (west), and citizens of western nations, are stirring, complaining, bamboozling with serious false propaganda, with a view to avenge vengeance against GOSL, and destroy SL.

The question is; Are these Tamil organisations, congresses, Councils, and Forums have the right to question the Accountability of SriLanka Governance? LTTE members are within these forums advocating devastation to SL. They should demonstrate patriotism to their own domiciled country (West).

Accountability of Governance prior to 2005:

For almost 35 years Liberation Tigers of Tamil Elam (LTTE) has been deluding and tricking GOSL, and GOSL failed in reporting accountability. In the name of peace talks, LTTE has been stockpiling to augment their armoury with heavy weapons, while the executive presidents and Prime Ministers turned a blind eye to the serious issues. During this period, SL faced with significant incidents of murder, assassinations, killing, slaughter of civilians, ministers, parliamentarians and heads of states, in addition to kidnapping of local and foreign nationals. The citizens of SriLanka lived in an open environment of fear, trepidation, terror, anxiety, and depression, irrespective whether in the North, East, West or South.

In a strong democracy, choice and freedom are the administration and public institutions that citizens trust. In this context GOSL prior to 2005 gave that choice and freedom to the terrorists and not the citizens. Was this instigated by external powers?

The Head of state, the Statesman, HE Mr. Mahinda Rajapakse (HEMR); since he knew the destructions prior to 2005, assessed the multi-billions of Rupees worth of assets destroyed by the LTTE, loss of lives, citizens in slavery, child soldiers life put to danger, took a wise decision to report his degree of accountability principles to the parliament and the citizens of SL. It is considered that the head of state is also accountable to his citizens irrespective of their ethnic group, but AS SriLankan.

Closure of the Mavil Aru (river) anicut sluice gates in Vanni by the LTTE affected the water supply to 15,000, families in non LTTE controlled areas. Failing all negotiations, and the fact that Tamils were suffering in the LTTE controlled areas, GOSL initiated the military operation in order to accomplish the re-opening of Mavil Aru’s sluice gates. Water is essentially a non-negotiable fundamental Human Right, and utilities cannot be used as a bargaining tool. (US policy is not to negotiate with terrorists**)

What has been accomplished by GOSL is improving the living standards of the people and remove the risk of loss of lives. We could realise that there has been no failure in the accountability of the president.

We visited SriLanka after 31+ years, and we were overwhelmed and astounded to see the magnitude of development, the chivalrous well-mannered culture of the SriLankans’, the peaceful environment, and the consciousness of the citizens to go about their day to day life; It is not only the physical structures; however, the quality of culture and skills of the people also has tremendously improved to a high standard.

Addressing the Tamil political parties; ITAK, TELO, EPRLF, PLOTE and TNA, it is of the view that they have failed in reporting their accountability. TNA joined hands with the LTTE and was not at all interested in the safety and well-being of the Tamils. Knowing LTTE did recruit child soldiers, TNA did not protest to any of the acts carried out by LTTE. If we carefully investigate it is certain that TNA and members of the TNA are formerly members of some terrorist group. E.g.; Mr. Suresh Premachandran, Sivajilingham, Siththathar, Selvam Adaikalanathan etc. As members of terrorist groups those people should be investigated and proper action should be taken, as per the 6th amendment section 157(A), as they are accountable to the people of SL.

I am a Tamil and have lived among Tamils. Being an educated one, I feel sorry for our Tamils as we are still primitive, believe that SUN is a GOD and not a globe of nuclear fusion. We do not believe that our planet (Earth) is moving at 69,000 miles per hour around the Sun. We want to be a segregated society, do not wish to integrate with anyone, but still greedy of everything, selfish and self-centred. Evidence is the living model of Tamils in the west.

HUMAN RIGHTS (HR) IN SRILANKA

General

SriLanka is a democratic country. We were trained by the British on technical, administrative, medical, and all matters before and after independence. Tamils, being a minority, received higher level education than the Sinhalese. After British took over SL, they taught us how to live, respect each other, eliminate discrimination & oppression, and foremost how to govern ourselves democratically. Well, British developed SL.

Caste Discrimination of Tamils by Tamils

Majority of the Tamils were of lower class (LC) (caste). These Tamils were discriminated and oppressed by the Elite Tamils in the North and East for several centuries and are being treated low. This made some Tamils to move out of the N&E to the South where they lived happily. Evidence; I lived in the South, as my father was a police officer, and was told by many Tamils on this ploy by the Jaffna elites. British eliminated a few forms of discrimination. For example; prior to British rule; lower caste Tamils should not wear shirt, shoe, slippers, own land, draw water from a well, enter temples, wear anything to wrap around their body, but wear an underwear and even cannot walk on the same road as the elites. LC Tamils cannot have any functions. Lower caste Tamils were deprived of education. I refer all readers to a Tamil book written by a scholar: :Sathiyam; Iruppum Thakarppum” by Magarasan, published in 2007.

Although British changed this discriminatory act, Tamils in the North & East are deep rooted to think that discrimination and oppression through caste system is integrated with their culture, customs & rights. It was, and is, an Apartheid situation in the N&E. It is still practiced in the N&E, however, most immoral, unscrupulous and murky Tamils have exported this practice to overseas countries where they are domiciled. Tamils are keen in building their own empire overseas based on caste system.

An example is the members of the TGTE. Who are these people? Most of them are rich, from elite caste, built their monetary coffer over the years and/or siphoned funds from the coffers of LTTE or organisations, nothing else to do, cannot compete with Europeans on literacy, degree of perception, and expertise, got frustrated, and wanted to be somebody in politics. Hence cling onto floating bodies called TGTE, CNC, and ATC etc. to show their muscle over the lower caste people. What they do is brain wash those lower caste, labour class people domiciled overseas to siphon funds and hoodwink in the name of Tamil Elam”. I pity those illiterates and lower caste people for their foolishness and idiocy for being taken for a ride. Talking to a lower caste fellow from Scarborough, Canada, I observed that the person was incited and intoxicated by those CTC elites, on Elam. The misconception of those lower caste people is that they will be better off if the Elites govern them. Their failure: dissect and research into the past and identify the differential type of living standard of the elite Tamils overseas and in SL.

Why do the elites want more autonomy and power: They have realised that lower caste fellows are rising to their level, and if not restricted, they may override the elites, which they definitely do not want. People like Vigneswaran (CM) and Senathirajah are examples. The thoughtlessness, foolhardiness, and recklessness of MP Sritharan has dumped him below the elites.

On independence the SriLankan government was able to see the discrimination, and they continued to show sympathy towards all Tamils and made all equal in the country. Anyone can live anywhere, work anywhere, and start a business, study in any school/college. Well, GOSL made available all resources to everyone in the country irrespective of caste, creed, and colour. Evidence: International Organisations could see several hundreds of thousands of Tamil Doctors, PhDs, Engineers, Accountants, Attorneys, and graduates who received FREE education in SL floating around US, UK, Canada, Europe and the rest of the globe. V.Rudrakumaran is a typical example. Does this mean that SL practice HR violation?

 During the Dutch rule, Tamils, with the help of the Dutch, introduced a legislature called, Desavalamai”, which is a draconian act. LC Tamils cannot buy land in elite areas. The elite Tamils were able to implement this draconian system by intimidation and terror.

During the LTTE period discrimination and oppression was practiced on different dimensions.  No one was able to speak to a GOSL politician, travel freely, have any independent thought, enter university, virtually removing all independence and freedom from the Tamils.

 I hereby state with strong emphasis that it is because of the Sinhalese people and GOSL that the lower caste Tamils were, and, are able to educate, employ and live cheerfully in SL. 

Current Situation in SL         

While in SL, I observed that Tamils in the North, and Colombo are quite happily carrying out their day to day activities.

In 1995, people from Jaffna were marched as human shield from Jaffna to Vanni. These people were stamped as indenture slave labour by the LTTE. Somehow some families escaped from the slave labour camp in Vanni.

Tamils who escaped in, after, or before 2009 are cheerful and thankful to their President, Statesman HEMR for having freed them from bondage.

Everyone was of the opinion that they are free to do anything, move about, do business, and there is nil HR violation practiced by GOSL, and that they are happy now than ever, however to live within the law of the country. Most people were blaming TNA for being so childlike, amateurish politicians.

Auto-drivers talk in Sinhalese, Tamil and English. The story was that they are living in a multicultural environment, and should know the languages in the country for social integration, and to do business and live.

I found out that the SriLankan had that civilized and commercial culture. When I say Commercial Culture and Commercial outlook”, I mean, the courtesy, civility, pleasantness, mannerism, listening skills, appeal, loveliness and, NOT THAT PROFITABILITY OR UNETHICAL. It has nothing to do with profitability or money making intent.

It is those Tamils who are part and package of the TNA, complain about HR violation etc. Historically Tamils are power hunger people. We have a high level of avidity for power.

·         We Tamils have negative pattern of thinking, or have sorting out integrating difficulties.

  • We need cognitive behaviour therapy, to correct negative ways we think.
  • We need interpersonal therapy to improve relationship in a multi-cultural environment.

Most Tamils still are primitive and they hate any language other than Tamil. This is an indication of a severe shortfall in their perception.

We should get rid of

  • psychological depression of racial thoughts,
  • Mindset in megalomania and superiority complex.
  • Rid of xenophobic attitude, and train in interaction management.

Rule of Law

The 6th amendment specifically states that no person, political party, shall, directly or indirectly advocate a separate state within or outside the territory of SL. However, Tamil political parties were, and, are, still championing for a separate state. If GOSL wanted they could charge those politicians under Rule of Law”. GOSL is so lenient to allow those Tamil politicians to float around the country and carry on their day to day life. Well, the head of state of a country has every right to practice Rule of Law” and maintain Law and Order.

Australia

While the Tamil politicians have earned their ongoing salary, and pension, for their high standard of living, lower caste people get frustrated and flood foreign countries, not purely because of fear, but for greener pasture. They cannot speak any other language other than Tamil, but want to live in an English speaking country. Why? We should give serious thoughts and analyse the root cause.

The hidden agenda by Tamils here is, they look for greener pasture, at the same time they fall into the hands of the LTTE rumps, to help them campaign against SL. A family can live on the interest of Rs8.9 million in SL. Not only illegal means of travel has been used by rumps all over the world to enter Australia, however, they damage their country’s image, propagate lies, and help their people to flood the host country for greener pasture. They claim it is their right to enter illegally, and that the host country should look after them with free supplies.

Well, illiterates want Australia to be a Refugee Social Welfare Camp”, and destroy Australia’s culture, integrity, honesty, justice system, safety, and democracy.

The current trend in Australia by an organisation is that if refugees come forward to supply evidence of HR violations, torture and killing in SL before the 30th October 2014, the evidence could, not only be submitted to UNHRC, but also could be used as an instrument to obtain permanent residence from the Australian Government. One could observe the fraudulent method here.

 The Australian government cannot be deceived through fraudulent practices.

 Some people address Sydney as the Thamizhaham” in Australia. What a hypocrisy and madness?

PROMOTING RECONCILIATION

LTTE Associates – in governance

There are number of ex LTTE cadres now been rehabilitated and engaged in politics and governance. Typical example is Vinayagamoorthy Muralitharan, alias, Karuna, Sivanesathurai Chandrakanthan, alias Pillaiyan and several others.

In the civic community, GOSL has setup several groups in the N&E to help needy people. There are small scale industries setup to help young educated girls in Kilinochi. Girls who work in the factories are those affected by the war.

In Jaffna. Corner to corner, young members of the business community have set up internet surfing business for the young and elders. Also there are mobile and sim card business everywhere in the North. Well, Tamils in the North are not starving, but are healthy and fit for longer life. Business is flowing in the North. Hundreds of coaches ply the road from Jaffna to Colombo and vice-versa. Why do these coaches ply the roads from Jaffna to Colombo? Ask the questions to yourself?

As Tamils are culturally strong and focussed in religion, Temples are been constructed in every nook and corner. Tamils spend several hundreds of thousands Rupees every year for temple festive. Most of Tamils whom I met live with NO fear.

Well, the time I was in Jaffna, I did not see any single military or police personnel on the road. Does this not mean that law and order prevails among Tamils than prior to 2009 apart from some rowdies?

Freedom of the press and movement of people has been brought absolutely to full scale by the GOSL. A typical example is the Tamil politicians flying to Australia, US, Canada and Europe for discussions with Tamil Diaspora. Ananthi Sasitharan, a member of the Northern Provincial Council, a former LTTE fanatic’s wife flies to Geneva to meet UN staff.

 However, Tamils are not at all grateful, and patriotic to SL. They hold onto that racial slogan with greed for power. Every Tamil politician feels that he should become the President/ Prime Minister, Minister. They are not at all prepared to live and work as citizens of a country. Most Tamil from elite cast do a Law degree, and on obtaining a law degree move into politics with their father, mother, uncle or anti. However, the avidity for power and wealth does not diminish, which generates the hatred on other races, and lower castes of their own race.

I have listened to Mavai Senathirajah, Sumanthiran, and Gajendrakumar Ponnambalam’s interview over the radio in Sydney, Australia. The discussions were purely racial, separatist and irrational.

During our visit to SL in July 2014, both in Colombo and Jaffna, we felt quite safe, happy and saw the people practicing democracy in a multi ethnic, multi religious, multi lingual society. The economic development is huge and colossal with high quality urban development. Job opportunities and social integration was on the rise.

Well, Sri Lanka is marching towards “Wonder of Asia’, which some countries do not like because of competition.

 The allegations brought forward by TNA and Tamil Diaspora are baseless and fact less.

OBSERVATION

SriLankan business ventures are on the rise. India is investing in SL. With the commercial culture, commercial outlook of the citizens nurtured excellent, and rising to that of the west, and with political stability, countries like Britain, USA, Canada, Australia, Japan, China and South Korea should seriously contemplate to invest their trade in SL. They should address investing in Industries, heavy and light. For example Microsoft could address investing in one of the towns like Colombo suburban, Matara, Anuradhapura and/or Jaffna. The East and west should study the operability and profitability of investments in SL.

CONCLUSION

Mainstreaming Human Rights in Development Policies and Programming. 

While appreciating the steps on problem analysis, it is considered that the following should be addressed:

  1. a) Identify immediate, underlying and root causes of development challenges.
  2. Identify population groups those are particularly affected.

                                    -Terrorism, separatism, caste issues

-lower caste Tamils

  1. Identify state institutions and other actors who have a responsibility to act.

-TNA, elite and lower caste Tamils

  1. Identify key capacities that those responsible and those affected need in order to bring about change.

-TNA. (Tamil Diaspora should mind their own business)

Have we observed a healthy environment (political & economic) in the groups and actors affected that is conducive for us to make a judgement?

Making a judgement without affirming those environmental conditions, would be biased a decision for the end result to be catastrophic failure of the group and actors.

We are all aware of the conditions that prevailed prior to, and since end of war. Although the conditions were not conducive to SL, however, SL has proved its credibility with an excellent record of rehabilitation, reconciliation, development in the context of systematic, conscious, and concrete integration of values and standards into plans, policies, priorities, programmes, processes, outputs and outcomes.

The guerrilla war had significant impact on development in the N&E and in SriLanka (SL) in general.

I have lived in most parts of SriLanka, North, East, and South & West. From my experience the Sinhalese people are much friendlier, helpful, courteous, knowledge of understanding of, Acculturation, cultural assimilation, cultural diversity, and that collective consciousness binds individuals together and creates social integration.

However, as far as social integration is concerned, Elite Tamils of SriLanka have a mindset that only elite Tamils should exist, govern, rule, educate and be bosses in organisations. They think that a lower caste Tamil or Sinhala person has no say.  For example; Elites think that Tamils can live and build Temples in any parts of SriLanka, however, Sinhalese people should not enter the North & East.

Current situation depicts the truth. SriLanka is marching towards social integration. However, TNA, and Tamils who are stooges of those, are mindset to launch attacks on GOSL and bring various nit-picking protest. Tamil fanatics and TNA, fabricate stories; if a soldier farts on the road, then it is HR violation. I strongly feel that Tamil Diaspora should be patriotic to the country of domicile, and the Tamil politicians in SL should join hands with GOSL to work further on Social Integration”.

In conclusion, I throw a challenge to CM-Vigneswaran, Sambanthar, Sumanthiran, Mavai Senathirajah, Suresh Premachandran in particular, and all Tamil parliamentarians:

  1. You, in the name of democracy, right from SJV Chelvanayaka down to…, have hoodwinked Tamils and have become MPs/NPC Councillors.
  2. Have you got the pluck and willpower to come onto a common platform and propagate, take an oath to abolish the caste system?
  3. Have you got the guts to call on the Tamils all over the world to abolish the caste system and be ordinary equal humans?
  4. Have you got the guts to call on the Tamil Diaspora to mind their own business, as you guys are the governing forum in SL.? Not the mushroom Diaspora organisations.
  5. Will you take an oath of allegiance and sign a pledge, that all Tamil parliamentarians shall never ever demand a separate state, and a federal system and comply with the 6th amendment, section 157(A).
  6. Are you prepared to call on all Tamils, to obey the law of the land, and study all three languages, and invest in commercial ventures, rather expecting government jobs? May be we want to be assets rather liabilities.

 Talking to Tamil Diaspora engineers on water supply/storage/conservation, for irrigation in the North, no one was keen to involve themselves in designing a solution. CM Mr. Vigneswaran need not ask them to provide one, but they should come forward to provide one. Does not this indicate their loyalty to their homeland?  However, everyone is interested in talking politics on Elam, becoming Presidents of organisations.

 Kings who ruled Anuradhapura and Vanni were wise enough to build infrastructure and dams for water storage and distribution for irrigation. Our SJV Chelvanayaka, Mavai Senathirajah, ITAK and Co were only interested in grabbing power. What a hypocrisy?

 Mr. Vigneswaran: your top priority should be designing a solution for water supply in the North, NOT Land and Police Power. Believe me: It is your responsibility and not anyone else.

 You should be aware by now that Tamil Diaspora will never, ever, invest any industries in the N&E or in any part, but rather build temples in their domiciled overseas countries because of the high return.

 If you are not prepared to act on this, then what veracity, truthfulness and sincerity have you got to be parliamentarians. You all should be ashamed of yourselves. You all should resign and allow those who are prepared to be equal, to be parliamentarians.

Scathing attacks by Sx-Kx unholy couple on Nonis!

October 12th, 2014

 The Sxx-Kxx unholy couple is going after Dr. Chris Nonis, who lost his position as the Sri Lanka high commissioner in the UK, with scathing attacks, internal sources as external affairs ministry told Lanka News Web. We previously reported that a fax message by the ministry had been received by the high commission in London on the afternoon of October 03, telling Dr. Nonis that the government had accepted his resignation and that he should relinquish his duties.

Later, on October 06, when Dr. Nonis had gone to the high commission, Sxx-Kxx couple had sent a diplomat by the name Cxx Rxx, to meet him. By that time, on the advice of Sxx, ministry secretary Kxx had appointed, by letter, Rxx as the acting high commissioner.

In the morning of that day, Kxx had called her and ordered her to obtain custody of the official vehicle and the driver, of Dr. Nonis as soon as he arrives and also to obtain the key to his room in the course of the day itself. Rxx had been severely inconvenienced by this order because she has had a good rapport with Dr. Nonis when he was the high commissioner.

Anyhow, as soon as Dr. Nonis arrived, Rxx had gone to him and asked that the keys to the official vehicle and the room be returned by the day. Surprised by that demand, Dr. Nonis had politely asked that he be allowed to take his leave with dignity. Without heeding the request, she had implemented to the letter the orders she had received from Colombo.

Kxx had telephoned Rxx every hour and was informed of what had taken place. Kxx has also told her to get high commission staff to sign a petition to claim that Dr. Nonis had treated them in an inhuman manner. Presently, Rxx is in the process of collecting signatures to that petition. Several employees of the high commission told LNW that they had signed it because they feared they would lose their jobs if they did not sign. They also said this would be a good lesson to other diplomats as well as to persons like Chris Nonis who had unashamedly campaigned for the murderous regime.

The petition being prepared against Dr. Nonis is expected to be submitted at the inquiry against him ordered by the presient, say the sources at the external affairs ministry.

The Sxx-Kxx unholy couple has incited the president to accept the resignation of Dr. Nonis, by telling him that he had tried to get the Pope’s visit to Sri Lanka cancelled and to prevent the president’s trip to Rome. They have also accused him of having told websites operating from London soon after arriving there about the incident of the attack.

An activist of the SLFP branch in the UK told LNW that Dr. Nonis had attended a Bandaranaike commemoration function at London Buddhist Vihara two days after the attack, and had not hinted that such an incident had taken place. The SLFP activist said he did not believe it when the media reported the incident, as Dr. Nonis had not at least given a hint at the ceremony that he had been attacked.

Even after being attacked, he had behaved like a real gentleman, and this again proves the gospel truth that the Rajapaksa regime has a place only for vagabonds like Sxx Vxx, and not gentlemen like Dr. Nonis.

At the annual convention of the ruling Conservative Party, British minister of state at the foreign and commonwealth office Hugo Swire has told Dr. Nonis in front of a group of Sri Lankans. Chris, do you understand now why we are exerting such pressure internationally against the government of your country?” The Sri Lankans present eagerly awaited the reply by Dr. Nonis, but were disappointed to see him leave the British minister with downcast eyes without replying him.

කළු සුද්දන්ගේ සම්භවය හා ආධිපත්‍යය (2)

October 12th, 2014

චන්ද්‍රසිරි විජයවික්‍රම

වලාකුළක් ලණුවකින් බැඳ ගත හැකිද?

    1494 දී හයවෙනි ඇලෙක්සැන්ඩර් නම් පෝප් විසින් යුරෝපයේ කතෝලික රටවල් දෙකකට (ස්පාඤ්ඤයට හා පෘතුගාලයට) මුළු ලෝකයම බෙදා වෙන් කරදීම කළුසුද්දන්ගේ සම්භවයේ ආරම්භය ය. සුද්දන් කලේ තමන්ට දර දිය අදිනා හා ඔත්තු සපයන පිරිසක් අල්ලාගත් රටවල බෝකරවා ගැනීමය. සුද්දන්ගේ ආධිපත්‍යයෙන් සටනක් කර ගැලවුන සුදු නොවු ප්‍රථම යටත් විජිතය, අද බලවත් සේ අහේනියට පත්‌ව ඇති හේති කියන බටහිර කොදෙව් රටය. මෙම කොටසේ ඒ ගැන ලියන බව කලින් කිව්වත්, කළුසුද්දෙක් කියන්නේ කවුද යන්න තෝරා බේරා ගන්නට කරණ ව්‍යායාමය හරියට වලාකුළක් අල්ලා හිර කර තබා ගන්නට හදනවා වගේ නිසා ඒ ගැනම තවදුරටත් තරක් වීමට මට සිතිනි.

     යුරොපියනයිෂේෂන්, ඇමෙරිකනයිෂේෂන් වගේ කළුසුදුකරණයද ක්‍රියාදාමයක් (බ්ලැක්වයිට්ස් ආ නොට්, දේ බිකම්) හා එක්තරා මානසික සංයුතියකි (මෙන්ටල් ස්ටේට්). මේ නිසා, උදාහරණයක් වශයෙන් සිංහල බෞද්ධයින්ගේ පැත්තෙන් බලනවිට, නිර්‌ව්‍යාජ සිංහලයෙකුගේ සිට උග්‍ර කළුසුද්දෙක් දක්වා විහිදීයන අඛන්ඩ මිනුම් දණ්ඩක් (දර්‍ශකයක්) මෙහිදී යොදාගත යුතුව තිබේ. මෙසේ යමෙකුට මෙම මානසික මට්ටම් මාලාව (කන්ටිනුවම්), එෆ් ආර් සේනානායක, ඩී බී ජයතිලක, ගාමිණී ජයසූරිය, එෆ් ආර් ජයසූරිය, ගුණදාස අමරසේකර, නලින් ද සිල්වා ගෙන් පටන් ගෙන සර් ඔලිවර්, සර් ජෝන්, රෝසි සේනානායක, දයාන් ජයතිලක, ජෙහාන් පෙරේරා, පාකියසෝති යනාදී අයගෙන් අවසාන කලහැකිය. සෙසු හැමදෙනාම මේ  දෙකොටසට හා ඒ අතරතුර ස්ථානයකට වැටේ.

    මෙම මාතෘකාව ගැන මනා අවභොධයක් ලබා ගැනීමට නම් එය හා පොර බැදිය යුතුමය. දැනට කලකට පෙර කාර්ලෝ ෆොන්සේකා විසින් බුද්‌ධදාස (හේවාවිතාරණ) හා (කේ එන් ඕ) ධර්‍මදාස යන දෙන්නාගෙන් කළුසුද්දෙක් කියන්නේ කවුද කියා ප්‍රශ්න කලා පත්තරේක තිබුණා මට මතක් වුනේ මේ අතරතුරේදී ය. කාර්ලෝ යන්න කරෝලිස් කියාත් හර්‍මන් යන්න හරමානිස් කියාත් ගැමියන් විසින් සිංහලට හරවා ගත්තේ සුද්දන් විසින් සිංහලේ, සිලෝන් කලා වගේය. සමහරු කෙනෙකුගේ නම දිහා බලා ඔහු කළුසුද්දෙක් යයි අනුමාන කරන ගතියක්ද තිබුණි. ධර්‍මපාලතුමා හා පියදාස සිරිසේන මහතා සුද්දන්ගේ නම් අතහැර ආර්ය සිංහල නම් තබන ලෙස මිනිසුන්ට ඉගැන්වුයේ ය. සොලමන් වෙස්ට් රිජ්වේ ඩයස් යන නම 1899 දී මහමුදලි සොලමන් බණ්ඩාරනායක තම පුතාට තෝරා ගත්තේය. ඒ වසරේම උපන් මගේ පියාට දමා ඇත්තේ ගිල්ටන් දොන් මානිස් කියාය. මවගේ නම දෝන බේබි මනම්පේරී ය. නමුත් ඔවුන්ගේ දරුවන් හයදෙනාටම ආර්ය සිංහල නම් දැම්මේ ධර්‍මපාල-පියදාස සිරිසේන යුගයේ බලපෑම නිසාය.

    නමුත් සමහර යමක් කමක් තිබූ,කට්ට හෝ අවස්ථාවාදී හෝ ශූක්‍ෂම දෙමව්පියන් දෙපැත්තම ෂේප් කරගන්නට ක්‍රිස්තියානි හා බෞද්ධ නමක් බැගින් නම් දෙකක්ම දැම්මේය. ආනන්ද එඩ්වර්ඩ්, චන්ද්‍රා රිචඩ් එවැනි උදාහරණය. මා දන්නා පුද්ගලයෙකුගේ නම සිරිල් බණ්ඩා රත්නායක විය. ඔහු අවස්ථාවට අනුව සිරිල් හෝ බණ්ඩා යන නම ටෙලිෆෝන් කතා වලදී පාවිච්චි කරණවා මා දැක ඇත, අසා ඇත. මෙහිදී මට සිතෙන්නේ දෙමව්පියන් දමන නම නිසා යමෙකු කළුසුද්දෙක්ද කියා තීරණය කල නොහැකි බවය. නමුත් යමෙක් එය මෙම සිරිල්/බණ්ඩා උදාහරණයේදී මෙන් ප්‍රයෝජනයට ගන්නවා නම් ඔහු ගැන සැකයක් මතුවීම සාධාරණ නොවේද? සිංහල භාෂාව කුස්සියේදීත්, ඉංග්‍රීසි භාෂාව පිටතදීත් කතා කරණ කාලයක් පමණක් නොව විශ්ව විද්‍යාලයේ සිංහල භාෂාවත් ඉංග්‍රීසියෙන් ඉගැන්වූ කාලයක්ද විය. මේවා ගැන පසුව විස්තර වශයෙන් විමසා බැලිය හැකිය.

ක්‍ෂේණුකා සෙනෙවිරත්නගේ රංගනය

    කළුසුද්දන් නිසැකව යොදා ගන්නා කැත උපක්‍රමයක් නම් යමෙකුට ඉංග්‍රීසි කතා කරන්නට හා ලියන්නට පුළුවන් ද යන කාරණය ය. අනුර කුමාර දිසානායක පාර්ලිමේන්තුවේ දී 2014 අගෝස්තු 6 දා කියා සිටියේ ක්‍ෂේණුකා නම් (ඇය පිටරට ඉගෙනගත් ක්‍රිස්තියානිකාරියකි) විදේශ ලේකම්වරිය, ඇය යටතේ වැඩ කරණා නිලධාරීන්ට ඉංග්‍රීසි හරියට බැරිය කියා හිරිහැර කරණ බව හා අවමානයට ලක් කරණ බවය. මාවෝ සේතුං, හෝචිමින්, හිට්ලර්, හෝ ඇමෙරිකාවේ ජෝර්ජ් බුෂ් හරියට ඉංග්‍රීසි කතා කලාද? චතුර ලෙස ඉංග්‍රීසි හෝ ප්‍රංශ කතා කිරීමත්, යමෙකුගේ බුද්ධියත් අතර සම්බන්ධයක් නැත. ඩයානා කුමරියට චාල්ස් කුමාරයා හා විවාහයට පෙරත් පසුවත් ඉංග්‍රීසි ටියුෂන් දීමත්, 1948 නිදහස ලබාගත් පෙබරවාරි 4 දා බණ්ඩාරනායක මහතා දුන් ස්තුති කතාවට එංගලන්ත රජුගේ නියෝජිතයා පවා වසී වීමත් ඒ දෙන්නාගේ බුද්ධි මට්ටම හා සම්බන්ධ නැත.

    නමුත් ඉංග්‍රීසි භාෂාව මේ ආකාරයට ඒ මඟින් අනිත් අයට හීනමානයක් දිය හැකි යයි සිතමින් යොදවා ගන්නේ කළුසුද්දන් ය. දයාන් ජයතිලක නම් ක්‍රිස්තියානි මාක්ස්වාදී මැදි වයසේ පුද්ගලයා ඔහුගේ ප්‍රතිවාදීන්ට විරුද්ධව බොහෝ විට කියන්නේ ඉංග්‍රීසි හරියට ලියන්න ඉගෙන ගන්නය කියාය. මෙසේ කිරීමෙන් ඔහුට ව්‍ර‌ැද්ධව එල්ල වන තර්‍ක වලින් ලිස්සා යෑමට හැකිවේ ය කියාද ඔහු සිතයි.

    එසේ නම් නීති විද්‍යාලයේ ඉංග්‍රීසියෙන් ඉගැන්විය යුතුයයි තීරණය කල කට්ටිය කළුසුද්දන් ද? සිංහල මාධ්‍යය නිසාම විශ්ව විද්‍යාලයට යාමට ඉඩක් ලැබී ඒවාට ගිහින් දැන් ඒවායේ ගුරුවරු වී ඉන්නා අය විශ්ව විද්‍යාලයේ ඉංග්‍රීසියෙන් ඉගැන්විය යුතුයයි යෝජනා පාස් කර ගන්නේ මොලේ නරක් වී ඇති නිසාද නැත්නම් කළුසුද්දන් නිසාද? සිදුවිය යුත්තේ මව් භාෂාවෙන් ඉගෙන ගන්නා ගමන් ඉංග්‍රීසි භාෂාවෙන් පොත් කියවීමට දැනුමක් ලබා ගැනීමය, ලබා දීමය.

    ඉංග්‍රීසි ඉගෙන ගැනීම බයිසිකල් පදින්න හෝ පීනන්න ඉගෙන ගන්නවා වගේ දෙයකින් ඔබ්බට ගෙන ගොස් කරේ තබා ගන්නේ හීනමානයකින් පෙලෙන පිරිසකි. මේ අය ඉංග්‍රීසි ගැන පමණක් නොව උදේ නැගිට රෑ නින්දේදී පවා කරන, දකින හැම දෙයක්ම යුරෝපය (දැන් දැන් ඇමෙරිකාව) උතුම් ය ඉහලය යන ආකල්පයෙන් ජීවත් වන අයය. මෙවැනි පුද්ගලයින්ට ලංකාවේ නම සිංහලේ කියා වෙනස් කිරීම, 1815 තිබූ කොඩිය ජාතික කොඩිය කිරීම යනු විහිළු කතාය.

    අජන්තා මෙන්ඩිස් ට ඉංග්‍රීසි බැරි නිසා ලංකාවේ ක්‍රිකට් කීර්තියට උපරිම ලාභයක් ලබා ගැනීමට නොහැකිවූවා යයි කෙනෙක් අයිලන්ඩ් පත්තරේට ලියූ විට “ක්‍රිකට් වලට භාෂාවක් නැත,” “ක්‍රිකට් වල භාෂාව කුමක්ද?” කියා පිලිතුරු දෙකක්ම ලිව්වා දැන් මට මතකය (2008 අගෝස්තු 2, 22 අයිලන්ඩ්). ක්‍රිකට් ක්‍රීඩකයින්ට ඉංග්‍රීසි අනිවාර්ය කිරීමට ඔහු යෝජනා කලේය! මෙම කාසියේ අනිත් පැත්ත නම් අත්තනගල්ලේ පව්ලිස් අප්පුහාමි (උක්කු බණ්ඩා) ගේ කතාවය. ජේ පී ඔබේසේකර විනෝදයට රත්මලානේ ගුවන් යානය පදවන එක් දිනයකදී එහි සිටි කොට ගවුම් ඇඳගත්, ටෙනිස් රැකට් රැගත් ගැහැණු ළමයි තිදෙනෙක් දැක තමා සමඟ අනිත් සීට් එකේ ඉඳගෙන ගුවන් රයිඩ් එකකට එන මෙන් ඔවුන්ට සරදමක් කලේය. ඉන් එක නිර්භීත කෙල්ලෙක් ඊට ඉදිරිපත් විය. අවසානයේ ඔහු ඇයව කසාද බැන්ඳා ය කියා මා අසා ඇත.

    පව්ලිස් අප්පුහාමි ගේ කතාව මීට වඩා චමත්කාර ජනකය. ඔහු ඉංග්‍රීසි කතා නොකරන, කෝට් එක හා සරම අඳින, කොණ්ඩය බඳින, ගුවන් යානා එලවූ එකම සිංහලයා විය. 1952 අගෝස්තු මස ඔහු ඒ සඳහා බලපත්‍රයක් ගන්නට පුහුණුවීමේ පාසැලට ගිය විට ඉන්ස්ට්‍රක්ටර් ඔහුගෙන් ඇසුවේ, “කොණ්ඩය බැඳලා ප්ලේන් එලවන්නේ කොහොමද?” කියාය.  1905 දී උපන් ඔහු බස් මුදලාලි කෙනෙක් විය. 1953 ඔක්තෝබර් 5 දා අංක 139 දරණ ප්‍රයිවට් පයිලට් ලැයිසම ප්‍රවාහන ඇමති සර් ජෝන් ගේ අත්සනින් ඔහුට ලැබුණි.

    මේ උක්කු බණ්ඩා නියම සිංහලයෙක් විය. මෙම චරිතය කළුසුද්දෙක් කියන්නේ කවුද යන්න හඳුනාගැනීමේදී අපට ප්‍රයෝජනවත් වේ. ධර්‍මපාලතුමා ඔහුගේ දිනපොත තබා ගත්තේ ඉංග්‍රීසියෙන් කියා අමරදාස ප්‍රනාන්දු නම මාක්ස්වාදියා චෝදනා කලේය. බණ්ඩාරනායක මහත්තයා ගෑරුප්පුවෙන් කිරිබත් කෑවා කියා ද කතාකරන අය සිටිති. කිරිබත් හා ගෑරුප්පුව අතර නෑකමක් හෝ තරහක් හෝ තිබිය යුතුද? දත් බුරුසුවක් හෝ හුළු අතු වෙනුවට ටෝච් එකක් පාවිචිචි කිරීමේ වරද කුමක්ද? කුඩා කාලයේ සිටම සුදු නැනී ලා විසින් හැදූ ඔහු කළුසුද්දෙක් නොවීය. අනිත් ලන්ඩන් ගිය සියළුම දෙනා වගේ ඔහු සුද්දියෙක් බදාගෙන ලංකාවට නාවේ මේ නිසාය. ඔහුට හීන මානයක් නොවීය.

    ඔහුගේ ඥාති දියණියකවූ යැස්මීන් ගුණරත්න බණ්ඩාරනායකලා ගැන ලියූ පොතේ (රිලටිව් මෙරිට්ස්, 1986) මා දුටුවේ ඇගේ මව වූ ජැමෙයිකා ඉන්දියානු කාන්තාවට (නම- එස්තර්) සිංහල දේශාණුරාගයෙන් ඔහු කතාකල හැටිය. එය අව්‍යාජය ය. අනික් අතට එස්තර් ට එවැනි හැඟීමක් නොවූ අතර දිනක් ඇගේ සැමියා (බණ්ඩාරානායක) ගෙදර එන විට ඔහු දුටුවේ භාර්‌යාව වූ එස්තර් වලව්වේ සේරම පරණ පොත් පත් මිදුලට දමා ගිනි මැලයක් කර ඇති බවය. සුප්‍රිම් කෝට් නඩුකාරයෙක් වූ තම සැමියාගේ පියා එකතුකල වටිනා දුර්ලභ පොත් පත් ගෙදර ඉඩකඩ අසුරන භාධකයක් ලෙස සැලකූ ඇය ඒවා ගෙයින් ඉවත් කලේය! මාක්ස්වාදීන්ට මෙන් ඇයටද දුටුගැමුණු රජතුමා ගඩොල් මෝඩයෙක් වූවා විය හැකිය. අනිත් අතට ඇය විදේශ කාන්තාවකි. ටිබැට් ජාතික එස් මහින්ද හිමියන්, සිංහල ගී ගායනා කල ජී එස් බී රානි පෙරේරා ද විදේශ වලින් ආ අය විය. රානි, කැළණියේ ආර් එස් පෙරේරා (කථානායක) ගේ පවුල බුද්ධාගමට හැරෙව්වේ ය.

    මෙහිදී පෙනී යන කරුණක් නම් සමහරු අහිංසක, නූගත් කළුසුද්දන් විය හැකි බවය. එස්තර් ට ලංකාව ගැන, සිංහල බෞද්ධයින් ගැන තරහක් තිබුණේ නැත. බණ්ඩාරනායක මහතා ගෑරුප්පුවෙන් කිරිබත් කෑවේ බොරු ෂොක් එකට හෝ ආරූඩ කරගත් හීනමානයකින් හෝ නොවේ. අවස්ථාවට අනුව මා ද ඇඟිලි වෙනුවට ගෑරුප්පුව බොහෝ විට ප්‍රයෝජනයට ගන්නේ ඉන් ගත හැකි ප්‍රායෝගික වාසි නිසාය. නමුත් නීති විද්‍යාලයට ඉංග්‍රීසි ගෙන ඒම, විශ්ව විද්‍යාලයට එය ගෙන ඒමට යෝජනා කිරීම, සිංහල ක්‍රිකට් ඉංග්‍රීසි ක්‍රිකට් කිරීම (ක්‍රිකට් එංගන්තයෙන් ආවේ ඉංග්‍රීසියෙන් නොවේ, බෝලයක් හා පිත්තකින් ය) නොදන්නාකම නිසා නොව කුහක කම හෝ හීනමානය හෝ නිසාමය. මිසිස් චන්ද්‍රිකා කිව්වේ විදේශ අමාත්‍යංශය කාමුකයින්ගේ සාප්පුවක් කියාය. මට නම් පෙනෙන්නේ එය කළුසුද්දන්ගේ බලකොටුවක් කියාය. කළුසුද්දන්ගේ ක්‍රියා කලාපය ගැන හොඳ අවභොධයක් මේ මඟින් අපට ලබාගත හැකිය.

මීලඟ කොටස- කළුසුද්දන්ගේ බල කොටුව, විදේශ කටයුතු අමාත්‍යාංශය

ක්‍රිස් නෝනිස්: කෙහෙළියගේ ප්‍රකාශය ‘අසත්‍යයක්’

October 12th, 2014

සාදයට සහභාගි වන මෙන් ඩිලාන් ආරියවංශ වෛද්‍ය නෝනිස් සහ එහි සිටි අනෙක් තානාපතිවරුන්ට ප්‍රසිද්ධියේම ආරාධනා කොට තිබේ

පසුගිය සැප්තැම්බර් 23 වැනි දින රාත්‍රියේ වොෂින්ටන් නුවර පැවති භෝජන සංග්‍රහයට වෛද්‍ය ක්‍රිස් නෝනිස් ‘අනාරාධිතව’ සහභාගි වූ බවට අමාත්‍ය කෙහෙළිය රඹුක්වැල්ල කරන ප්‍රකාශය සත්‍යයෙන් තොර බව ඊට පෙර දින පැවති භෝජන සංග්‍රහයකට සහභාගි වූවෝ බීබීසී සංදේශයට පැවසූහ.

එදින ශ්‍රී ලංකා එයාර්ලයින්ස් ආයතනයේ වොෂින්ටන් නියෝජිත ඩිලාන් ආරියවංශගේ නිවසේ පැවති එම ‘පෞද්ගලික සාදයට’ බ්‍රිතාන්‍යයේ හිටපු මහකොමසාරිස්වරයා සහභාගි වූයේ ‘අනාරාධිතව’ බවත් එහිදී කිසිදු පහරදීමක් සිදු වී නැති බවත් කැබිනට් ප්‍රකාශක අමාත්‍ය කෙහෙළිය රඹුක්වැල්ල පසුගිය සිකුරාදා මාධ්‍යවේදීන් හමුවේ කියා සිටියේය.

කෙසේ නමුත් සැප්තැම්බර් 22 වැනි දින වොෂින්ටනයේ අවන්හලක සංවිධානය කොට තිබුණු රාත්‍රී භෝජන සංග්‍රහයේදී පසුදින රාත්‍රියේ පැවැත්වෙන සාදයට සහභාගි වන මෙන් ඩිලාන් ආරියවංශ වෛද්‍ය නෝනිස් සහ එහි සිටි අනෙක් තානාපතිවරුන්ට ප්‍රසිද්ධියේම ආරාධනා කළ බව අවන්හලේ සිටි පිරිස් සංදේශයට කියා සිටියහ.

ජනරාල් ශවේන්ද්‍ර සිල්වා, එක්සත් ජාතීන්ගේ ශ්‍රී ලංකා තානාපති පාලිත කොහොන, නියෝජ්‍ය ඇමතිනී නිරූපමා රාජපක්ෂ, අමාත්‍ය නිමල් සිරිපාල ද සිල්වා, වොෂින්ටනයේ සිටින ශ්‍රී ලංකා තානාපති ප්‍රසාද් කාරියවසම්, සජින් වාස් මන්ත්‍රීවරයා ඇතුළු විශාල පිරිසක් අවන්හලේ එම භෝජන සංග්‍රහයට එක් වී සිටියහ.

‘ජනපති ලේකම්’

එක්සත් ජාතීන්ගේ මහා මණ්ඩල සමුළුවට සහභාගි වන ශ්‍රී ලංකා නියෝජිතයන් වෙනුවෙන් ඩිලාන් ආරියවංශ වාර්ෂිකව භෝජන සංග්‍රහයක් පවත්වන අතර, පසුගිය වසරේ පැවති එම සාදයට ජනාධිපති ලේකම් ලලිත් වීරතුංග පවා සහභාගි වූ බවත් විශ්වාසදායක ආරංචි මාර්ග සංදේශයට අනාවරණය කළේය.

සැප්තැම්බර් 23 වැනි දින රාත්‍රියේ පැවති සාදයටත් ජනාධිපති ලේකම්වරයා පැමිණීමට නියමිතව සිටියත් අවසාන මොහොතේ ඔහු එයට සහභාගි වී නැත.

විදේශ අමාත්‍යංශයේ අධීක්ෂණ මන්ත්‍රී පහර දුන්නා – වෛද්‍ය නෝනිස්. පහර දුන්නේ නෑ – මන්ත්‍රී සජින් වාස්

ඊට පසු දින වෛද්‍ය නෝනිස් සහ තානාපති ප්‍රසාද් කාරියවසම් ඩිලාන් ආරියවංශගේ නිවසේ පැවති සාදයට පැමිණ තිබෙන්නේ එකම මෝටර් රථයකිනි.

එම සාදයේදී සජින් ද වාස් ගුණවර්ධන මන්ත්‍රීවරයා විසින් තමන්ට පහර දුන් බව බ්‍රිතාන්‍යයේ හිටපු ශ්‍රී ලංකා මහකොමසාරිස් වෛද්‍ය ක්‍රිස් නෝනිස් පසුගිය සතියේ බීබීසී සංදේශයට පැවසීය. ඒ පිළිබඳව එදිනම ඔහු ජනාධිපති මහින්ද රාජපක්ෂට පැමිණිලි කොට තිබේ.

සජින් වාස් මන්ත්‍රීවරයා වෛද්‍ය නෝනිස්ට පහර පිට පහර එල්ල කරද්දී තානාපති ප්‍රසාද් කාරියවසම් සහ වොෂින්ටන් තානාපති කාර්යාලයේ රාජ්‍යතාන්ත්‍රික නිලධාරියකු වහා මැදිහත් වී සජින් වාස් මන්ත්‍රීවරයා ඉවත් කළ බවත් සංදේශයට අනාවරණය වේ.

එහෙත් දෙදෙනා අතර බහින්බස්වීමක් හටගත්තා විනා පහරදීමක් සිදු නොවූ බව සජින් වාස් ගුණවර්ධන මන්ත්‍රීවරයා නිවුස්ෆස්ට් නාලිකාවට පවසා තිබුණි. හිටපු මහකොමසාරිස්වරයාට පහරදීමක් සිදු වී නැති බව අමාත්‍ය රඹුක්වැල්ලද පවසයි.

ජාත්‍යන්තර අවධානය

සිදුවීමෙන් අනතුරුව ජනාධිපතිවරයාට සිය ඉල්ලා අස්වීම භාරදුන් වෛද්‍ය ක්‍රිස් නෝනිස් ලන්ඩනය බලා පැමිණ දින කිහිපයකට පසුව බර්මින්හැම් නුවර පැවැත්වුන බ්‍රිතාන්‍ය කොන්සර්වේටිව් පක්ෂයේ වාර්ෂික සමුළුවට සහභාගි විය.

“ලංකාවේ මානව හිමිකම් ගැන අපි ප්‍රශ්න කරන්නේ ඇයි කියල දැන් තේරෙනව නේද?”

එයට සහභාගි වී සිටි බොහෝ විදේශීය රාජ්‍යතාන්ත්‍රිකයන් පහර දීම පිළිබඳව ඔහුගෙන් විමසා තිබෙන අතර, “මාලදිවයිනේදී එයාල මට කරන දේ, ලංකාවේදී ඔවුන් ඔබට කරනවා නේදැයි,” මාලදිවයිනේ හිටපු ජනාධිපති මොහමඩ් නෂීඩ් තවත් බොහෝ දෙනා ඉදිරියේ සඳහන් කළ බව පක්ෂ සමුළුවට සහභාගි වූවෝ පවසති.

“ලංකාවේ මානව හිමිකම් ගැන අපි ප්‍රශ්න කරන්නේ ඇයි කියල දැන් තේරෙනව නේද,” යනුවෙන් බ්‍රිතාන්‍යයේ නියෝජ්‍ය විදේශ අමාත්‍ය හියුගෝ ස්වයර් එහිදී වෛද්‍ය නෝනිස් ගෙන් ප්‍රශ්න කොට තිබේ.

පහරදීමේ චෝදනාව සහ වෛද්‍ය ක්‍රිස් නෝනිස්ට එරෙහිව විදේශ අමාත්‍යංශයේ ලේකම් ක්ෂෙනුකා සෙනවිරත්න විසින් ඉදිරිපත් කොට තිබෙන චෝදනාව පිළිබඳව පරීක්ෂණයක් පවත්වන මෙන් ජනාධිපතිවරයා පසුගිය ඔක්තෝබර් 04 වැනි දින නියෝග කළේය. ඉල්ලා අස්වීම භාරගත් බව එදිනම විදේශ අමාත්‍යාංශය වෛද්‍ය නෝනිස්ට දැනුම් දී තිබේ.

පරීක්ෂණය පිළිබඳ වැඩිදුර විස්තර විමසීම පිණිස විදේශ කටයුතු පිළිබඳ නියෝජ්‍ය අමාත්‍ය නියෝමාල් පෙරේරා ඇමතීමට සංදේශය දින ගණනාවක් මුළුල්ලේ දැරූ උත්සාහය සාර්ථක නොවීය.

 

http://www.bbc.co.uk/sinhala/sri_lanka/2014/10/141012_keheliya_nonis_sajin

Salt is a biological necessity of human life

October 12th, 2014

Dr Hector Perera          London

Foods with salt

But we live our daily lives practically unaware of this basic biological fact. The flavour-enhancing ability of salt is probably its best recognised quality today. Salt became a highly valued commodity from the Bronze Age, if not earlier, as its uses expanded to food preservation, leather tanning, cloth dyeing and medicine (Kurlansky, 2003). The only facts we are aware are that salt increases blood pressure and similar ideas only. Most of our food already has salt added to it, check the labels on almost any prepared food in the house. If you buy precooked food from supermarkets or from restaurants or takeaways, I am sure they have already added salt. There are far too many salt added food we eat and buy for example cheese, ham, bacon, sausages, some biscuits, salami, salt fish, canned fish, baked beans, soya source, bread and bread products, cakes and pastries, even some breakfast cereals and nearly all cooking sources are added with salt. Most foods contain sodium, especially root vegetables.  Most people eat bananas or oranges to get potassium, but it is also found in avocado, apricots, blackstrap molasses, nutritional yeast, dates and figs, garlic, potato, and brown rice, and celery. This is not the end of the list but far too many to mention here and you still want to add more salt to your food?

UK supermarkets have Sri Lankan food

Have I got to mention some of the Sri Lankan food in your local and supermarkets? Unlike in the past now some supermarkets have a section called world foods and I am one of them to go there occasionally. That section is just like a Sri Lankan food shop, bottled, canned and packets of food including the spicy ingredients are there. Back home the dry fish market in Negombo sells all kinds of dry fish including, Jardi” that is nothing but too salty dry fish but a tasty dry fish. In any local town there are at least one or two Sri Lankan shops and they sell all these kinds of food.

All our body fluids are salty

Without salt, our bodies become chemically unbalanced, our muscles and nervous system cease to function. Blood, sweat, tears, saliva and the general consensus among experts is that a healthy adult should aim towards a daily intake of five or six grams of salt to maintain a good balance but the problem is some people exceed the limit then problems start. That means around one levelled teaspoon of salt not a one scoop of polkatuhanda”.

If you are under the impression that salt is just another way to decrease your health and add to your waistline, then you should know there are benefits to adding a little salt to your diet, yes a pinch of it. Salt plays a role in water retention, muscle contraction, and contains nutrients that are vital to your stomach. Salt in moderation is actually very important to your diet. 

Cooking vapour is not just water vapour

No wonder all Sri Lankan ladies keep on tasting the curries several times to make sure there is enough salt in the gravy. One thing they don’t realise is the more number of times they open, stir and taste the salt in the curries, during this process lots of chemical ingredients in the vapour form just evaporate and some of it very likely to get deposited on them, Who cares”? You mean the vapour is just water vapour no other chemicals in it? After cooking, if they walk about, very likely to carry the smell with them, can I say it smells like a mobile kitchen! Why not check the wall or kitchen cupboard near the cooker. That means just run the finger on the wall or the kitchen cupboard near the cooker. You would find those surfaces are oily and sticky that means they came from cooking vapours. Is that possible some of those vapours might got deposited on you while stirring the curries? The smell can vary, if it was chicken, I call it chicken cologne and curry cologne if it was just a curry. One thing our British chefs are worse than our kussi amma” style of cooking. These chefs purposely set fire to cooking aroma to impress the audience, who says its normal cooking? Who would learn anything by that kind of cooking?

Saline has salt

The most common use for saline solution is to clear the sinuses, helps to rinse contact lenses. Just make sure it’s safe and appropriate for whatever means you want to use it for.

Saline solution is a mixture of sodium chloride, or salt, and sterile water. It is available in several concentrations, but the most common one is 0.9% sodium chloride in water. It’s typically used for medical purposes, and is found in intravenous (IV) drips, contact lens solution, and nasal irrigation sprays. In addition to this, it’s often used in chemistry experiments. Even some good olden kitchens used to have a strong saline solution in lunu polkatta” but not anymore.

Medical Uses of saline

There are a wide variety of medical uses for saline solution, ranging from rehydration to wound care. One of the most common uses is in IV drips for those who are dehydrated from severe vomiting or diarrhoea or are unable to eat. In these situations, the fluid is typically mixed with sugars like dextrose or glucose. This helps prevent complications and also helps reduce the amount of sodium circulating through the patient’s body. Otherwise, side effects from too much sodium such as an increased heart rate or convulsions could occur.

Other medical purposes for saline solution include rinsing and safe storage of contact lenses, as well as nasal irrigation and wound care.

Saline solution refers to a salt solution, which you can prepare yourself using readily available materials. The solution can be used as a disinfectant, sterile rinse, or for lab work. This recipe is for a salt solution that iso-normal, which means it is the same concentration or isotonic to body fluids. The salt in saline solution discourages bacterial growth while rinsing away contaminants. Because the salt composition is similar to that of the body, it causes less tissue damage than you would get from pure water.

 

Salt Helps Retain Water in the Body

Our bodies rely on electrolytes, including salt, to help carry out electrical impulses that control many of our bodies’ functions. To keep our bodies functioning as they should, our bodies need the proper amount of electrolytes. Electrolytes trigger thirst mechanism, which cause us to consume adequate amounts of water. With this water, our kidneys are able to keep the appropriate amount of electrolytes in our bloodstream. The amount of water our bodies retain also impact blood pressure. Think about it, a lot of bars and restaurants provide complimentary salty snacks. Why? They make you thirsty and wanting to purchase more drinks!

Salt Stimulates Muscle Contraction

Salt is important to the nerves, as it stimulates muscle contraction; this will also help prevent your muscles from cramping. Salt also keeps calcium and other minerals in the bloodstream. It also stimulates the adrenal glands. Salt is also very important in the prevention of heat prostration and sunstroke, which is very important to remember during hot summer months. Fortunately Sri Lanka has hot sun almost throughout the year, no wonder it has become a popular tourist destination. If anyone really wants to get away from hot sun why not go to places like Kandy and Bandarawela.

Salt Contains Nutrients Vital to the Digestive System

Salt plays a primary role in the processes of digestion and absorption. Salt activates an enzyme in the mouth called salivary amylase. At this point, the salt allows your taste buds to taste the food. Salt also plays a role in digestion by helping to break down food. Salt also creates hydrochloric acid. Hydrochloric acid is a very important digestive secretion, which lines the stomach walls. Salt actually helps your body digest food, rather than trying to eat itself.

A Lack of Salt Is Dangerous

A sodium deficiency is a health condition where a body fails to receive an adequate supply of sodium. Sodium deficiency can become extremely prevalent in excessive temperatures, which cause the body to perspire heavily and patterns of dehydration will set in. Sodium deficiency can lead to shock if the blood pressure is decreased too severely. Salt is important to good nutritional status. Too little can cause disturbances in tissue-water and acid-base balance, which is important to good nutrition.

Remember, diets too high in sodium can lead to high water retention and hypertension. Overall, salt is generally nontoxic to adults, provided it is excreted properly. The maximum amount of sodium that should be incorporated into a healthy diet should range from 2,400-3,000 mg/day that is not too much.

Do we get too much salt?

In some cases they get far too much salt in the daily food. We are aware that too much salt cause high blood pressure, water retention causing swelling, kidney problems then heart problems and the list goes on. Most medical advice is to get low salt diet that is because we get far too much salt from food, with or without our knowledge.

Unlike in the past less salt is required for food preservation but now fridges and freezers do the job.

The human brain and spine are in a sack of dilute salt solution called cerebrospinal fluid [CSF]. We spent approximately 9 months in our mothers belly floating in salt water called amniotic fluid. Not just humans but all warm blooded animals must have salt to live. The tears and sweat and urine have salt.

Hydrochloric acid or HCl is required in the stomach for digestion and the human body is able to split sodium chloride to make HCl required for digestion. Our body uses sodium chloride as salt to keep the brain, spine, teeth, sweat glands, organs and blood topped off with salt. Too much salt is absolutely bad, it can cause swelling and diarrhoea more damage to the body, so watch out.
Sodium, potassium and chloride are electrolytes that dissolve in water and carry electrical charges anywhere there is water in the body. These electrically charged minerals can freely move into a cell and back out again carrying nutrients in and out and removing waste products and excess water as to keep the cell balanced. At the same time as these electrolytes move in and out of the cells making their exchanges, a delicate balance of potassium inside the cell must be maintained with a special amount of sodium chloride to hold the potassium in the centre of the cell.

Electrolytes are found in all fluids of the body and carry impulses along your nerves. This helps your muscles, like the heart and diaphragm to contract and relax. Electrolytes carry glucose [blood sugar] into the cell after insulin opens the door or gate for the sugar to be taken in. If a person loses too many of these electrolytes from having diarrhoea or by taking water pills [diuretic] they can become very sick then they must go to the hospital and receive IVs of saline [salt water], dextrose [sugar water] and minerals. Your comments are welcomed perera6@hotmail.co.uk

President declares open three MTLs in Kuliyapitiya area

October 12th, 2014

By Janaka Alahapperuma

Mahindodaya Technological Laboratories (MLTs) built at three schools in the Kuliyapitiya Educational Zone in North Western Province (Wayamba) were vested in the students under the patronage of President Mahinda Rajapaksa on Friday, 10 September.

The President declared open the MLTs in Kuliyapitiya Kanadulla Dharmaraja Maha Vidyalaya, Baragedera Anagarika Dharmapala Maha Vidyalaya and Bingiriya Sri Saranankara National School respectively. The President was warmly welcomed on arrival by the students, teachers and parents of the schools. After vesting in the laboratories with the students, the President made an inspection tour while looking in to their educational activities. The President also exchanged views with students, teachers and parents at schools.

The President said in Kuliyapitiya that the government is taking measures to upgrade and further improving the education in the country under a proper future plan. This plan is committed to provide benefits of education that is once limited to urban areas to the students in rural areas as well. Addressing those gatherings the President also explained the steps have taken by the government for the future of the students. As a result of this many students from village schools obtain distinctive results in major examinations. The President said that when the present government took over in 2005, the IT literacy was three percent. He emphasised that at present the IT literacy rate is well over 50 percent and further said that he wanted to make it 75 percent soon. The President said only thing that cannot be stolen is education. Therefore he requested the students to become fruitful citizens in the country by obtaining a sound education with the facilities provided by the government.

The programme to build 1000 Mahindodaya Technical Laboratories, is being implemented successfully island wide in order to increase IT literacy and language skills among students. Each laboratory is comprised with a computer lab with 40 computers, language lab with 20 computers, mathematic unit and distant education centre.

Senior Minister S.B. Nawinna, Ministers Bandula Gunawardena, Anura Priyadarshana Yapa, Johnston Fernando, Salinda Dissanayake and Jayaratne Herath, Parliamentarian Shantha Bandara and Wayamba Chief Minister Dayasiri Jayasekara were among those who joined the President on the occasion.

The residents of those areas who came to know about the President’s arrival in Kuliyapitiya gathered outside the schools. The President did not forget to exchange pleasantries with them.

How many Tamils PAID to be TORTURED to get asylum in the UK?

October 12th, 2014

Shenali D Waduge

We are talking about sterling pounds 5000-6000 being paid to be burnt with cigarette butt ends and face other tortures to enable British doctors to verify health records and endorse the torture as being ‘recent’ and to imply the tortures/rape were committed by the Sri Lankan forces. The monetary aspect fattens the purses of those making a business out of torture-asylum and enables foreign governments to use these examples to politically target countries like Sri Lanka to facilitate interventionist roles. Is the UK authorities silent because they are well aware of their role in this? Does the UK authorities not mind UK tax payers having to eventually finance these ‘economic cum terrorist-linked’ refugees/asylum seekers who end up not only manipulating the UK social welfare systems but playing out the British public via notorious international rackets the LTTE and Diaspora elements are linked to?

The international tarnishing campaigns against Sri Lanka takes the form of reports, documentaries, films, panel discussions which are all funded by Foreign Governments through NGOs established for interventionist purposes.

The best example is the released report by Yasmin Soosa who was selected by Ban Ki Moon to be a member of his (not UN) Panel of Experts.

Yasmin Sooka’s report ‘An unfinished war: Torture and Sexual violence in Sri Lanka 2009-2014’ was a politically motivated report. In her own words she says we released the report in time before the Geneva Resolution because we wanted to influence the Geneva resolution”.

Yasmin Sooka’s report is politically and denies her any status as ‘independent’ because the ‘Unfinished war: Torture and Sexual Violence in Sri Lanka 2009-2014’ report is funded by the British Foreign Office through the Bar Human Rights Committee of England and Wales while Sooka’s other project partner ‘International Trust and Justice Project Sri Lanka’ is impossible to locate!

http://www.interventionism.info/en/CSI-Position-Paper-on-the-Sooka-report

Sooka’s report takes a sample of 40 ‘selected’ asylum seekers majority of whom the report says were ‘involved in active combat’ a feeble way to admit they were associated with the LTTE. The mystery remains with the non-disclosure of the witnesses, how they contacted the lawyers, no one knows who the lawyers are, no one knows who the medical experts are or even who the translators are – there is much always lost in translation given that these ‘victims’ in view of them seeking to remain in the UK have all the motives to invent stories and they make an excellent couple for those wanting to politically and diplomatically influence Sri Lanka!

When Sooka herself is an EU employee how can her report have any credibility?

Therefore, the Sooka report and its 40 ‘selected’ asylum seekers involved in ‘active combat’ leaves much to the imagination.

So does the BBC documentary ‘Sri Lanka’s unfinished war’. Notice how these same coterie of people are united in their usage of nomenclatures.

The story of the asylum seeker the BBC documentary presented by Frances Harrison introduced as ‘Nandani’ won her asylum in the UK.

The story has helped to uncover a sinister racket taking place in the UK and possibly elsewhere in all of the western destinations that Sri Lanka’s Tamils are seeking economic migrant status riding on the asylum ticket.

In the case of the UK the system for asylum/refugee is lax.

To apply as a refugee/asylum seek a person needs to leave their country and be unable to go back because of fear. Even a student or visitor arriving in the UK can apply if they think they are at risk of persecution when returning to their country. Asylum seekers are screened, they go through an asylum interview and a decision is given within 6 months.

With this process clear the avenues to manipulate the system are many and UK Tamil Diaspora have found ways to penetrate the system thus creating a profit making establishment for themselves which has worked well for the Western Governments ready to use these systems for their

Just like the Sooka report was released to influence the Geneva Resolution, the BBC documentary was released in November 2013 ahead of the Sri Lanka’s Commonwealth Summit. Sooka presented 40 cases, Frances Harrison presented 12 cases. Both reports were funded to focus on ‘Torture and rape’ as a new subject for intervention. Both reports aimed to show systematic and widespread rape existing in Sri Lanka and Nandani’s case was highlighted as the 1st post-conflict rape to come into public.

http://www.eyesrilanka.com/2014/10/07/witnesss-accounts-on-sri-lanka-asylum-seekers/

The lies of Nandani became exposed through an interview with Nandani’s mother. BBC’s and Frances Harrison’s heroine was in fact married to Uhan Padmarasa a pro-LTTE activist who had been sent by LTTE to the UK in 1995 and had been living there since. Nandani and Uhan had married in India in mid 2000 and her desire was to join him in the UK.

Thus she joins so many other women unable to join their spouses because either the spouse has a dubious record or there are fears that the true nature of who they are would get exposed at the asylum interview.

The next recourse is to seek legal counsel and there are agents and solicitors to provide ever ready services at a fee.

The question is how many Tamils spent sterling pounds 5000-6000 with additional sterling pounds 1500 as processing fees to gain asylum in the UK?

How many Tamils have sought assistance from the below featured solicitors?

 

  • How many Tamils have enduring physical scarring /tortures for a fee in order to foolishly think they can get asylum in the UK?

 

  • How many Tamils have been foolish to get their bodies burnt with cigarette butts, beaten with hot metal rods or cut and scarred to show physical torture?

 

  • How many Tamils have visited a location at 53 South End Lane, Brombley, SE6 3AB supposedly belonging to a Pirakash Gobalasingham who has close ties to internationally banned Tamil Rehabilitation Organization an LTTE front?

 

  • How many Tamils have been medically checked by British medical doctors and what is the guarantee that they are not involved in this scam and how many Tamils are willing to come forward and expose these crimes and expose these people making profits by physically scarring people who would do anything to get asylum in a Western country?

* How many Tamils as a result of these tortures are suffering adversely as a result inspite of actually gaining asylum. As for those who inspite of paying for their wounds could not secure asylum, how are they suffering with these wounds which will never leave them physically or mentally with the realization that they actually paid to get the wounds inflicted.

Does this not look like a ‘patterened’ and paid wound? How many other such ‘wounds’ have been paid for and used by NGOs/INGOs for their reports and by Foreign Governments to embarrass Sri Lanka???

The BBC Documentary shows a Dr. Allison Callaway who says she has examined over 200 cases of alleged torture from Sri Lanka in the past 5 years (after 2009). What is interesting is that she has examined Nandani and Dr. Callaway says she has 30 cigarette butt burns on her body including genital areas. When we now know that Nandani has been telling lies, matched with the realization that there is a paid racket on charging to inflict wounds on asylum seekers we need to seriously place Dr. Allison’s claim with the all-important question of how many other Tamil asylum seekers have gone through this torture.

This is the first in a new case study of asylum seekers actually paying to get wounds inflicted on them so as to facilitate their application for asylum.

This is a very dangerous scenario. If asylum seekers from across the globe also pays to get themselves tortured and thus NGOs take up their ‘cause’ and demand asylum from foreign governments what will this result in especially when the BBC report says that some rape cases had been given asylum even without verifying authenticity?

These cases that Sooka, BBC and Frances Harrison gives as examples are certainly not fake because there are bruises but these bruises are as a result of paying to get bruised and have no association with the party they accuse of committing the crime.

Thus Sooka, BBC and Frances Harrison have no right to accuse the Sri Lanka Armed Forces when there are places in the UK where asylum seekers have paid to get their wounds and thereafter apply for asylum on the claim that these ‘wounds’ and ‘tortures’ were recent and committed by the armed forces.

This case has to be legally taken up in the UK by honest lawyers and citizen-interest lobbies to insist that the solicitors, agents and any official in the UK party to this racket are exposed and legal action is taken against them.

What needs to be highlighted is

  • There is an international new racket that is charging asylum seekers for physical wounds that would secure them asylum. The likelihood of this racket extending and existing in other countries and by other nationalities cannot be ruled out.
  • Reports/Documentaries/Panel Discussions/Books are being released close to international events and UN country-assessment sessions in order to influence countries against targeted countries. These reports/documentaries/panel discussions, books etc are all funded by foreign governments who fund NGOs and people in their payroll to compile the reports using as sources the very parties that the targeted nations are in conflict with.

This is a violation of ethics and morals and totally against how Governments, NGOs and even the legal fraternity are meant to function.

The systems need to be cleaned up and the UN Panel investigating Sri Lanka needs to clearly put all these lies and distortions into its report.

 

Shenali D Waduge

Human Sexuality Discussed in the Jātaka Stories

October 11th, 2014

Dr Ruwan M Jayatunge M.D.

The Jātaka stories or Jātaka tales are a voluminous body of folklore concerned with previous births of the Buddha which is based as a collection of five hundred and fifty stories. Originally it comprise of 547 poems, arranged roughly by increasing number of verses. According to archaeological and literary evidence the Jātaka stories were compiled in the period, the 3rd Century B.C. to the 5th Century A.D. As Professor Rhys Davids indicated Jātaka stories are one of the oldest fables. Rev Buddhaghosa who was a 5th century Indian Theravadin Buddhist commentator and a scholar translated most of the Jātaka stories into Pāli about 430 A.D.

The first evidence of attitudes towards sex comes from the ancient texts of Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism (Chakraborty & Thakurata, 2013). Many centuries before Sigmund Freud, Richard Freiherr von Krafft-Ebing, Albert Moll or D.H. Laurence the Tantric Buddhist monks discussed the wider aspects of human sexuality.

Tantric is often viewed as the third major school of Buddhism, Tantric philosophy has a complex, and multifaceted system of Buddhist thought and practice which evolved over several centuries and encompasses much inconsistency and a variety of opinions (Macmillan Encyclopedia of Buddhism, 2004).

Based on the general definition human sexuality is how people experience the erotic and express themselves as sexual beings; the awareness of themselves as males or females; the capacity they have for erotic experiences and responses. Sexuality varies greatly by culture, region, and historical period, but in most societies and individuals has a large influence on human behavior.

Human sexuality has been described as the capacity to have erotic experiences and responses. Human sexual behavior is different from the sexual behavior of other animals, in that, it seems to be governed by a variety and interplay of different factors (Molina, 1990).  A person’s sexual orientation may influence their sexual interest and attraction for another person (APA). Sexuality may be experienced and expressed in a variety of ways, including through thoughts, fantasies, desires, beliefs, attitudes, values, behaviors, practices, roles and relationships (WHO).

According to Adler (2011) doctors and sexologists increasingly medicalized and pathologized sexual and gender deviance. Foucault’s History of Sexuality is based on his view that the discursive practices in the medical community created deviant identities, and produced and regulated sex practices starting in the late nineteenth century (Adler, 2011).

The Jātaka stories view sexuality as an essential component in the human existence. It accepts sexuality as a normal human condition. But the Jātaka stories highlight impermanence, suffering and non-self. In addition some of the stories converse about the true nature of the human body which is impermanent and subject to change in the process of aging and in sickness.

The Kachappa Jātakaya (storyline) narrates a homosexual relationship between two Ministers of the King Pasenadi Kosol’s Court. However the Buddhist philosophy does not consider gays as sinners or condemn LGBT people.

In 1952, in the first edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM), the manual issued by the American Psychiatric Association for the classification of mental disorders, homosexuality was included under the category sociopathic personality disturbances” – not as a true pathology or disease. The second edition of the DSM issued in 1968 re-classed homosexuality as a non-psychotic mental disorder”, effectively making it a disease (Young, 2011).

Powell and Stein (2014) indicate that the United States has recently made significant and positive civil rights gains for LGB people, including expanded recognition of marriages between people of the same sex. Among the central tropes that have emerged in the struggle for the rights of LGB people are that they are “born that way,” that sexual orientations cannot change, and that one’s sexual orientation is not affected by choice.

Although the attitudes towards homosexuality have become more liberal, particularly in industrialized Western countries, there is still a great deal of variance in terms of the worldwide levels of homonegativity (Jäckle & Wenzelburger , 2014). Disapproval of homosexuality is the cause of tremendous suffering among sexual minorities (Nguyen& Blum, 2014). Kuyper &Fokkema (2011) point out that minority stress is often cited as an explanation for greater mental health problems among lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) individuals than heterosexual individuals. Prejudice and social stress impact the psychosocial wellbeing of the lesbian, gay, and bisexual populations. It’s significant to know that over 2500 years ago the Buddha had a democratic view and profound understanding about the LGBT community.

In the Jātaka story book -Nalini Jātakaya describes broad aspects of human sexuality. It is a story of a young hermit who lived in a jungle since his birth and never had seen or heard of women. He had not heard of sexual relationships between men and women and when the young Princess Nalini comes to his hermitage, he could not recognize her as a member from the opposite sex. With an erroneous assumption he thought that the Princess Nalini was a hermit like him. The princess deceived the hermit and made him to commit a sexual act. So the young hermit eventually experienced a physical relationship with a woman for the first time in his life. In this story the narrator deeply explore the primal sexual reaction of a human male who was deprived of prior sexual education and sex initiation by a female.

Female sexual arousal has been discussed by various researchers. Traditional models of sexual response reflect a linear approach to desire and arousal (Wood, Koch, & Mansfield, 2006). These models assume that sexual response proceeds from one stage to another in a pre-defined sequential order. According to Basson (2005) linear models do not reflect the reality of many women’s sexual response and female desire can often be rooted in a need for intimacy rather than from physical arousal. Several Jātaka stories including Nalini Jātakaya illustrate female sexual arousal.

Male Sexual arousal is stunningly described in the Haritha Jātakaya. By seeing a naked female body the hermit who practiced sexual abstinence for his life time could not resist the sudden erotic feeling and he eventually commits adultery. His suppressed sexual desires come in to action like a serpent coming out of a den. In this story the hermit’s sexual arousal is extensively described.

Sexual arousal, or sexual excitement, is the arousal of sexual desire during or in anticipation of sexual activity. Oh (2012) and colleagues indicate distinct brain activation patterns associated with visual sexual arousal. For the hermit (in Haritha Jātakaya) it was an unexpected visual sexual arousal.  Many years he had practiced voluntary celibacy. His erotic desires were suppressed but when he saw the naked woman’s body his sexual response became overpowering.

The Oedipal Conflict and Jātaka Stories 

In formulating his psychology of the unconscious, Freud makes constant reference to Sophocles’ version of the Oedipus myth (Bollack, 1993). In the Oedipus myth we find a dramatic representation of the child’s passionate ties to its parents (Zachrisson, 2013).

As Freud described in the Oedipus complex, largely unconscious ideas and feelings, which concentrate, on the desire to possess the parent of the opposite sex and eliminate the parent of the same sex. Freud analyzed the story of Oedipus Rex, and describes the unconscious motives of patricide He postulated that patricide was the great crime at the base of all social evolution.

The universality of the Oedipus complex indicates that the oedipal situation is at the heart of the mental life of man (Lebovici, 1982).

Thayo Darma Jātakaya is a story about the conflict between a father and a son. The father (King of the monkeys) destroys the genitals of male baby monkeys in order to liquidate any impending future threat by a male monkey. One of the male baby monkeys was able to escape physically unharmed and grows up in a hidden area of the jungle. The male baby monkey’s mother secretly feeds him. Hence the male monkey becomes emotionally attached to its mother. Once the monkey becomes a fully grown adult monkey, he comes out and challenges his father. In this conflict, the son kills the father and becomes the new King.

 Gender Identity Disorder and Spontaneous Sexual Transformation

The phenomenon of spontaneous sexual transformation in human beings is clearly recognized in a wide variety of Hindu and Buddhist texts. The Pali Vinaya records the cases of a monk who turned into a woman and of a nun who turned into a man. Although the Vinaya itself gives no indication of the reasons for such changes, its commentary observes that they occur on the basis of powerful good and bad moral deeds – an opinion shared by several other Pali commentaries. More specifically, transformation from male to female occurs as a result of a powerful evil action (such as unfaithfulness to one’s wife), whereas transformation from female to male occurs as a result of the weakening of the inferior karma that brought about rebirth as a woman, accompanied by a powerful good action and/or a strong aspiration to become male (Ohnuma , 2001)

Several medical conditions can result in a natural sex change in humans, where the appearance at birth is somewhat, mostly, or completely of one sex, but changes over the course of a lifetime to being somewhat, mostly or completely of the other sex. The overwhelming majority of natural sex changes are from a female appearance at birth to a male appearance after puberty, due to either 5-alpha-reductase deficiency (5alpha-RD-2) or 17-beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase deficiency (17beta-HSD-3)(Cohen-Kettenis, 2005). A relative handful of male to female changes have been reported, and the etiologies of these are not well understood (Khan , 2008).

Gender identity disorder is classified as a medical disorder by the DSM-5 as gender dysphoria. Gender identity disorder (GID) or gender dysphoria is the formal diagnosis used by psychologists and physicians to describe people who experience significant dysphoria (discontent) with the sex they were assigned at birth and/or the gender roles associated with that sex. Evidence suggests that people who identify with a gender different from the one they were assigned at birth may do so not just due to psychological or behavioral causes, but also biological ones related to their genetics, the makeup of their brains, or prenatal exposure to hormones (Heylens, 2012)

Transsexualism first appeared as a diagnosis in the third edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-III) (American Psychiatric Association, 1980). Transsexualism is when an individual identifies with a gender inconsistent or not culturally associated with their assigned sex, i.e. in which a person’s assigned sex at birth conflicts with their psychological gender. A medical diagnosis can be made if a person experiences discomfort as a result of a desire to be a member of the opposite gender or if a person experiences impaired functioning or distress as a result of that gender identification (APA).

The Jātaka tales describe Gender Identity Disorder and spontaneous sexual transformation in a count named Soreiya.

One day Count Soreiya went to the river to have a bath. There he saw Bikku Kachayana who was very attractive and handsome. By seeing this attractive monk the Count Soreiya had a sexual fantasy which later became an obsessive recurrent erotic thought. Simultaneously he had immense guilty feelings knowing that the monk is a perfected person who has attained Arhathood or Enlightenment. Following self guilt and severe mental conflicts with elevated anxiety the count experienced a sex change.

Sexual Jealousy

Jealousy is a universal feeling. The feeling is normal until it is acted upon and the behaviour or actions become irrational. Many psychologists believe that in human males, sexual jealousy is often marked by violence and consistent attempts to restrict the sexual behavior of women.

Staske (1999) views Jealousy as an inherently relational emotion. The common conceptualization of jealousy is viewed as a perceived or actual threat to the exclusive nature of a romantic relationship (White & Mullen, 1989; Bevan &   Hale, 2006). Jealousy is an aversive and psychologically stressful condition. Evolutionary psychologists hypothesized that jealousy is an evolved adaptation, activated by threats to a valuable relationship, functioning to protect it from partial or total loss (Buss & Haselton, 2005).

Sexual jealousy functions to defend paternity confidence (Daly et al., 1982). According to Buss (2013) Sexual jealousy is a basic emotion.  Jealousy invokes low self-esteem, immaturity or character defects (Bhugra, 1993). Buunk and colleagues (1987) illustrate that sexual jealousy in humans is an emotion of jealousy which may be triggered in a person when a sexual partner displays sexual interest in another person.

The specific innate modular theory of jealousy hypothesizes that natural selection shaped sexual jealousy as a mechanism to prevent cuckoldry, and emotional jealousy as a mechanism to prevent resource loss. Therefore, men should be primarily jealous over a mate’s sexual infidelity and women over a mate’s emotional infidelity (Harris, 2003).

There are several Jātakaya stories exemplify sexual jealousy in males. For instance in Parvakuthha Jathakaya a King becomes extremely jealous when he realized one of his queens committed a sexual infidelity with a minister. The King is experiencing extreme emotional pain, feelings of betrayal, outrage and fear. His violent outbursts and obsessive thoughts are evident.  The King believes that his personal, sexual and romantic relationship with the queen is now being threatened and he seeks revenge. Similarly the Memadha Jathakaya too contains a story about Sexual jealousy.

In Chulla Darmapala Jātakaaya the King Maha Prathapa kills his infant son following sexual jealousy. King Maha Prathapa was infuriated when he noticed his beautiful Queen cared for the infant Prince without paying attention to him. The King perceives mother-infant interaction with extreme hostility. Following anger and sexual jealousy he orders to kill the infant Prince.

The Hypoactive Sexual Desire Disorder (HSDD)

In the last 50 years new research into the sociology, psychology and physiology of sexuality has provided an understanding of decreased libido and inadequate sexual response in the form of hypoactive sexual desire disorder. (Studd, 2007). HSDD is defined as a deficiency or absence of sexual fantasies and desire for sexual activity. The disturbance must cause marked distress or interpersonal difficulty (APA).

The Jātaka storyteller describes complex behavioural components of a young man named Pinguthara who exhibits firm features of Hypoactive sexual desire disorder. The Hypoactive sexual desire disorder (HSDD) is considered as a Sexual Dysfunction and is listed under the Sexual and Gender Identity Disorders of the DSM-IV DSM-IV. It is characterized as a lack or absence of sexual fantasies and desire for sexual activity for some period of time. According to the story Pinguthara was a young man (described in the Siri Kalakanni Jātakaya) who seem to have suffered from Hypoactive Sexual Desire Disorder. He had no interest in his newly wedded beautiful wife Udumbara Devi. He finds no erotic satisfaction in her and the wife becomes a burden to him. He abandoned her and fled due to lack of interest in women.

Borg and de Jong (2012) view Sex and disgust are basic evolutionary relevant functions that are often construed as paradoxical and in  general the stimuli involved in sexual encounters are at least out of context strongly perceived to hold high disgust qualities. The young man -Pingutthara in Siri Kalakanni Jātakaya and the hermit in Haritha Jātakaya have two opposite reactions when they encounter females.

Incest and Jātaka Stories

Incest refers to any sexual activity between close relatives often within the immediate family irrespective of the ages of the participants and irrespective of their consent that is illegally or socially taboo. Incest is considered as the oldest crime. During the Middle Ages the meaning of incest was paradoxical: when used literally, the word signified the abominable sin of consanguineous sex; when represented allegorically, it signified a mystical union with God (Donavin, 1993).

A significant number of researchers conclude that there is no demographic profile of incestuous fathers. Rather they are a complex, heterogeneous group of individuals who look like everyone else (Groth, 1982; Meiselman, 1978; Smith & Saunders, 1995).  Cohen (1983) believes that incestuous fathers may also have acquired the incestuous behaviour through social learning.

Psychoanalysts contend that incest occurs when the daughter suffers from oral deprivation in the pre-oedipal stage. An incestuous relationship with her father is then established as revenge against her mother, who frustrated her oral needs and simultaneously as a way of satisfying her oral needs. The daughter substitutes the father’s penis for the mother’s breast, which had been denied to her (Dixen & Jenkens, 1981).

The Seggu Jātakaya of the Jātaka story book reveals the socially forbidden subject of incest. According to this Jātaka story a father takes his young daughter to the jungle and tries to molest her in order to verify her purity. He wants to know whether his daughter had a premarital sexual activity with someone.  During the attempt the daughter becomes frighten and cries in fear and shame. She persistently tells the father that she is inexperienced in sexual relations. Finally the father realizes that his daughter is a virgin and then tells her about his real intentions.

Although in Seggu Jātakaya the father’s motives were not to molest his own daughter it raises a numerous questions. What would have been the father’s action if he found that the daughter was not a virgin? Then she would have been subjected to a sexual assault or to honor based killing.

According to the feminists view incest is a forceful act performed by men who control and subordinate their spouses and their children (Barret, Trepper &  Fish, 1990).  The feminists argue that father-child incest is a product of a patriarchal family structure (Vander Mey & Neff, 1986).

The Jātaka Storyteller was well aware of the social forces existed in his ancient patriarchal society. Nevertheless he did not view women as sexual objects. He shows deep compassion for the woman who is frightened and helpless.  On the other hand he intensely describes the complex mental state of the father. The Jātaka Storyteller implies that the father had an underlying motive to molest his daughter if she was not a virgin.

Paraphilias

Humans show a wide array of sexual preferences and behaviors. Although most humans prefer and have sex with consenting adults of the opposite sex, some individuals have unconventional preferences with regard to the sex or age of sexual partners, or with regard to the nature of sexual activities (Earls & Lalumière, 2002).

A paraphilia is a condition in which a person’s sexual arousal and gratification depend on fantasizing about and engaging in sexual behaviour that is atypical and extreme.  Stuart (2012) suggests that paraphilia definitions are based on perceived deviations from inappropriate perfectionist ideals of sexual norms. Paraphilias are often comorbid with other sexual, mood, and personality disorders (Seto, et al., 2014).

Silverstein (1984) states that moral reasoning has to be the primary determinant in the diagnosis of sexual disorders.

The German Psychiatrist Richard Von Krafft-Ebing identified paraphilias   in 1886. His famous book Psychopathia Sexualis (Sexual Psychopathy) describes numerous paraphilias.Conversely Prior to Richard Von Krafft-Ebing the Jātakaya Storyteller illustrated a number of paraphilias that were found in the ancient Indian society. For instance Baka Jātakaya describes a King who had suggestive features of Salirophilia. The King is attracted to a hideous woman called Panchapapa.

Fetishism

Moreover the Jātaka stories describe Fetishism in a young man named Kema.  Fetishism is a paraphilic sexual disorder characterized by recurrent, intense sexually arousing fantasies, sexual urges or behaviors involving the use of nonliving objects (Firoz et al., 2014) Oğuz and Uygur (2005) indicate that underlying personality disorders extending through childhood are thought to be the source of the etiology in Fetishism. Kema obtains sexual arousal by stealing sandals that belonged to a young and attractive Princess. Kema is attracted to the Princess. But his fears and inner mental conflicts prevent him meeting the Princess. But he gratifies his erotic desires keeping her pair of sandals.

Psychoanalyst Wilhelm Stekel (1930) contrasted what he called “normal fetishes” from extreme interests: “They become pathological only when they have pushed the whole love object into the background and themselves appropriate the function of a love object, e.g., when a lover satisfies himself with the possession of a woman’s shoe and considers the woman herself as secondary or even disturbing and superfluous.

Sexual Addiction

Sexual addiction is a form of compulsive sexual behavior in which the individual is unable to control their sexual urges, behaviors, or thoughts (Coleman, 2003). In 1987 the APA’s Statistical Manual of Mental Health Disorders (DSM-III-R) added for the first time the concept of sexual addiction as a specific descriptor that might be applied under the more general diagnosis of Sexual Disorders NOS (Not Otherwise Specified) (Weiss,2012).

According to Wölfle (2010) the phenomenon of sexual addiction as a clinical syndrome is discussed controversially. The frequency distribution of specific Hypersexual Disorder in females has been inadequately studied (Kafka, 2010).

In the past, medical attitudes to female sexuality were grotesque, reflecting the anxiety and hypocrisy of the times. In the medieval world, the population feared hunger, the devil, and women, being particularly outraged and threatened by normal female sexuality (Studd & Schwenkhagen, 2009). The 19th century medical attitude to normal female sexuality was cruel, with gynecologists and psychiatrists leading the way in designing operations for the cure of the serious contemporary disorders of masturbation and nymphomania (Studd, 2007).

The word ‘nymphomania’, the concept of ‘madness from the womb’ and the belief in the existence of a behaviour consisting in an abnormally high female sexual drive converged during the second half of the seventeenth century to give rise to a new clinical category which, with minor changes, has survived until the present -e.g., in ICD-10 ( Berrios & Rivière  , 2006).

The Jātaka stories describe individuals with extreme desire of carnal pleasure. For example Maha Kunala Jātakaya portrays of a Princess named Krishna who had suggestive features of Nymphomania or Sexual addiction. Princes Sthula or Sthula Kumarika (in Chulla Narada Jātaka) has an insatiable desire for sex. She needs multiple partners to satisfy her erotic craving. The Vennukuna Jātakaya indicates a princess who had an intense sexual desire for a man with an extreme physical defect (attraction to disability). She abandons her husband and lives with a man with hunchback. In Kunala Jātakaya (a sub story) describes a beautiful queen named Kinnara Devi who was fond of having a sexual relationship with a foul-smelling vagabond who had extreme physical defects.

 Bonnie and Clyde Syndrome (Hybristophilia)

Bonnie and Clyde Syndrome or Hybristophilia is a paraphilia of the predatory type in which sexual arousal, facilitation, and attainment of orgasm are responsive to and contingent upon being with a partner known to have committed an outrage, cheating, lying, known infidelities or crime, such as rape, or murder.

The Buddhist literature reveals about a rich girl named Kundala Keshi who was sternly attracted to a criminal when she accidently saw him through her window. The King’s men were taking him to the burial ground to decapitate. His well built physique with rough vagabond look sensationally attracted to her. She immediately fell in love with the criminal. She urged her wealthy father to rescue the outlaw from the King’s men. The affluent father bribed the King’s men and released the criminal. He was secretly brought to Kundala Keshi’s house and they become husband and wife.

After sometime the husband with criminal intensions plots to kill his wife and rob her precious jewellery. He takes Kundala Keshi to a mountain to worship a god. When they go to the top of the mountain the bandit husband gets ready to kill her. Kundala Keshi begs him to set her free. But the husband is determined to kill her and take hold of her jewellery. Frightened Kundala Keshi sees no getaway. Somehow she tricks her husband and pushes him over the cliff. The bandit husband was doomed to a violent death.  After these shocking events she has no wish to go home. She becomes a Bhikkhuni or female Buddhist monastic.

Voyeurism

The term ‘Voyeurism’ refers to the desire to spy on unsuspecting and non-consenting people during their private activities. Voyeurism is considered as a precondition for Voyeuristic Disorder. Voyeuristic Disorder belongs to a group of mental conditions under paraphilic disorders in the American Psychiatric Association’s DSM 5.

According to the Bahiya Jātaka story a king with voyeuristic tendencies achieves sexual gratification by observing a woman in the act of urinating and defecating. After seeing the woman the King becomes sexually exited and fantasizes about her. Then he orders his men to bring the woman to the castle.

Zoophilia

Zoophilia is a paraphilia whereby the perpetrator gets sexual pleasure in having sex with animals (Aggrawal , 2011). Zoophilia has lost its character as a severe mental disorder. (Dittert et al., 2005). Earls and Lalumière (2007) describe a case of zoophilia that challenges the widely held assumptions that men who have sex with animals are generally of below average intelligence and come from rural areas. Also they state that zoophilia is not as rare as once thought and shares many features with other atypical sexual interests. Dittert and colleagues (2005) stress that zoophilia shows a variety of manifestations. The subject’s desire to be transformed into the animal he or she has contact with can be understood as a narcissistic compound and is not related to lycanthropia.

The famous Kinsey reports on the sexual behavior of the American male and female also include data on sexual contacts with animals. Kinsey and his colleagues interviewed about 5300 adult, white men and 5800 adult, white women about their sexual experiences. Although the objectivity of the methods employed is sometimes criticized, the studies provide important information. Kinsey and his colleagues found that in rural areas about 40 to 50% of the males had had at least one sexual encounter with an animal, and 17% had even experienced an orgasm as a result of sexual contact with animals during adolescence. Amongst all the American men in the study, however, the prevalence was much lower, about 8% (Kinsey, Pomeroy & Martin, 1948; Beetz, 2005).

The Jātaka Storyteller vividly describes the Zoophilia (Bestiality) tendency of the Queen Mallika who had a sexual encounter with an animal. As the King observes from the upper floor his queen is having a physical relationship with a dog. He becomes puzzled and thinks that it was an optical illusion. Later the Queen Mallika tricks the King and convinces him that it was a misapprehension. However the in her death bed the Queen Mallika recollects this event and her final thoughts become impure.

The Vinaya (which is orally passed down from the Buddha to his disciples) proscribes all intentional sexual activity for monks. During Buddha’s time a monk thought it would be no offence to have sexual intercourse with an animal. He had lured a female monkey into a sexual relationship (Lopez, 2009). When this incident became a known to others some monks informed the Buddha about this unusual relationship. The Buddha advised the monk who broke his celibate vows. The Buddha later imposed pārājika rules for such acts. A monk or nun who commits a pārājika offence is permanently and irrevocably expelled from the Buddha Sasana.

 Sexual Sadism and Masochism

Krafft-Ebing coined the term ‘masochism. Prior to that Albert von Schrenck Notzing used the term ‘algolagnia’ to refer to sexual pleasure derived from pain. Algolagnia included sexual humiliation, subjection, and the desire to be under the power of another (Walters, 2012).

Sexual sadism and masochism were described in Vatsyayana’s Kama Sutra (Aphorisms of love) written somewhere between the 1st and 6th centuries.  Sadistic and masochistic behavior became known in 1498 when the Italian philosopher Pico della Mirandola described a man who needed to be flogged before sex (Farin 1990).

The word sadism came from the life and the writings of the French author Marquis De Sade, such as The 120 Days of Sodom. The word masochism was taken from the works of one of his contemporaries, the Austrian author, Leopold von Sacher Masoch (Grenci, 2006).

In Three Essays on the Theory of Sexuality (1905) Freud described the tendency to inflict and receive pain during sexual intercourse as the most common and important of all perversions”, and that both psychosexual tendencies usually occur in the same person. That masochism is a form of sadism against the Self, and that sadism and masochism are manifested variously as primary masochism” and secondary masochism”, and as the subordinate forms of feminine masochism” and moral masochism”.

Some of the Jātaka stories discuss sexual sadism and masochism. For instance in Andha Butha Jātakaya a young wife derives sadistic satisfaction by hitting her blindfolded husband and also humiliating him while having a sexual intercourse with her young lover.

Neurosyphilis

Syphilis is a sexually transmitted infection. The first case of syphilis occurred in Europe around the year 1493. Martin Alonzo Pinzon, commander of one of the three ships of Christopher Columbus, is considered as first documented victim of syphilis (Friedrich & Aigner, 2011). However the symptoms of syphilis in its tertiary form were described by Hippocrates in Classical Greece.

The Jātaka stories indicate that in ancient India prostitution was socially accepted profession and sex workers were called Nagara Sobhini (lady of the land). They were rich, famous and a socially influential group. The ancient literatures describe sex orgies that prevailed in that era. These parties were called Girraga Sammja (Lay Culture). Unprotected sexual practices existed in all layers of the society. Therefore it is reasonable to believe that sexually transmitted diseases impacted some of the sex workers as well as some of the patrons.

Several Jātaka stories underscore individuals that had clinical features of Neurosyphilis. Neurosyphilis is a form of tertiary syphilis infection caused by the spirochete bacterium Treponema pallidum. Patients suffering from this illness can present with neurological manifestations such as headaches, seizures, hearing loss, and ataxia (Tso et al., 2008). The typical presentation of neurosyphilis marked by neurological and cognitive symptoms (Kinson & Chan, 2013).

Onset of psychiatric symptoms including personality changes are illustrated in several Jātaka stories. According to these stories the sufferers presented with abnormal gait, sudden blindness, disorientation, depression, seizures, memory loss and abnormal reflexes. These symptoms are largely seen in Neurosyphilis.

Brothers Karamazov, Asthramanthra Jātaka Story and Sexuality

The renowned Sri Lankan Literary genius Martin Wicramasinghe D.Lit.  believed that Fyodor Dostoyevsky may have had some influence by Asthramanthra Jātaka story   to write his psycho- philosophical novel -Brothers Karamazov.

There are many similarities between Fyodor Dostoyevsky’s Brothers Karamazov and Asthramanthra Jātaka story.  Both stories describe the sexual craving and indulgence in the old age violating social and moral norms. Both stories profoundly analyze the inner mental conflicts reveling the darkest side of the human mind.

The Brothers Karamazov is tale of bitter family rivalries that was written on two levels: on the surface it is the story of a parricide in which all of a murdered man’s sons share varying degrees of complicity but, on a deeper level, it is a spiritual drama of the moral struggles between faith, doubt, reason, and free will.  In   Asthramanthra Jātaka story too there are two levels: on the surface accumulation of sexual urges following seduction and in the second level the murders impulsions of an old mother who wants to kill her son to have sexual relationship with a young apprentice. Asthramanthra Jātaka story is a spiritual drama of the moral struggles between maternal love, sexual urge, faith, doubt, reason, and social norms.

In Asthramanthra Jātaka story a senile old woman was seduced by a young apprentice in order to assess the sexual urge in old age. The seduction was done with the consent of the old woman’s son and after a few months the old woman gradually develops an erotic desire beyond her control. Following the seduction the senile old woman’s dormant sexual urges come to the surface like an erupting volcano. She is expecting to have a sexual relationship with the young apprentice. Nonetheless she sees her own son as an obstacle to fulfill her sexual desire. In due course she is determined to kill her own son to be with the young apprentice. One night she comes to her son’s room with a sward to kill him.

In this Jathaka story the old woman’s sensual feelings, erotic fantasies, inner mental conflicts and murderous impulses were intricately described by the Jathaka story teller.  The old land owner in Brothers Karamazov and the old woman in Asthramanthra Jātaka have similar characteristics with regard to sensual pleasures. The Jātaka story teller describes the old woman’s sexually inclined mind as the way Fyodor Dostoyevsky described the old landowner’s lustful mind.

Dostoyevsky points out the dual complexities in the human mind.  The Jataka story teller too vibrantly wrote about the complex and dual nature of the human psyche.  Asthramanthra Jātaka story is one of the examples of his exceptional talents. In this Jathaka story he deeply analyzed the murderous impulses of an old woman who was geared by onset awakening of sexual urges.

The old woman in Asthramanthra Jātaka story and immoral old land owner in Brothers Karamazov represent the dark side of the human nature and in later years Carl Jung came up with the concept of shadow that portrays the repressed weaknesses, shortcomings and instincts. In his 1938 work Psychology and Religion” Carl Jung explains the function of the shadow thus.

 Unfortunately there can be no doubt that man is, on the whole, less good than he imagines himself or wants to be. Everyone carries a shadow, and the less it is embodied in the individual’s conscious life, the blacker and denser it is. If an inferiority is conscious, one always has a chance to correct it. Furthermore, it is constantly in contact with other interests, so that it is continually subjected to modifications. But if it is repressed and isolated from consciousness, it never gets corrected.”

According to Jung, the shadow is irrational often projects   personal inferiority into a perceived moral deficiency. Jung wrote a man who is possessed by his shadow is always standing in his own light and falling into his own traps … living below his own level” Describing man’s dark covert desires Fyodor Dostoevsky wrote; There are things which a man is afraid to tell even to himself, and every decent man has a number of such things stored away in his mind.

After seduced by the young apprentice the old woman falls in to her own trap and possessed by her dark shadow like Fyodor Pavlovich the debauched land owner who was sexually fascinated by his own son’s girlfriend -Grushenka. Both the characters forget ethics and morality as well as social norms while making efforts to fulfill their desires.

The Jathaka story teller does not judge the old woman like the way Dostoyevsky judged the old man in his book Brothers Karamazove. The Jathaka storyteller modestly shows the extent of craving and its disastrous nature.

සුබ්‍රමනියම් ස්වාමි දෙවියනි, ලංකාවටත් වඩිණු මැනව!

October 11th, 2014

චන්ද්‍රසිරි විජයවික්‍රම

ජයලලිතාගේ ප්‍රාර්‌ථනාව

    ජයලලිතාව හොරකම් වලට හිරේ දැම්මාට 62 ක් දෙනා ජීවිත නසා ගෙන හෝ හෘදයාභාධ සැදී මළේය. ලක්‍ෂ ගණන් මෝඩ දෙමල ජනයා ටැමිල්නාඩ් වල සිටීම පුදුම වීමට කරුණක් නොවේ. පුදුම වීමට කරුණ නම් ලංකාවේ ඉපදුනා නම් කොච්චර හොඳදැයි දැන්වත් ජයලලිතාට වැටහී නැතිවීමය. තවත් හංගාගත් ධනය තිබේ නම් ඒ ටික සමඟ ලංකාවට එන්නට වුවද පුළුවන් නැද්ද? සුබ්‍රමනියම් ස්වාමි ජයලලිතා හොර අම්මණ්ඩිව හිරේට යැවුවා පමණක් නොව සෝනියා ගාන්ධ් හා ඇගේ පුතාවත් හිරේ දාන්නට පියවර ගනිමින් සිටී. මෝඩ දෙමල ජනයා ලවා උසාවි වලට බලපෑම් කරන්නට ජයලලිතාගේ චැක් ගෝල අළුත් මහ ඇමතියාව නිහඬ කිරීමටද සුබ්‍රමනියම් ස්වාමිට හැකි විය. ඉන්දියන් ව්‍යවස්ථාවේ 246 යටතේ මහ ඇමතියාට අනතුරු ඇඟවීමක් යවන ලෙස හෝ නැත්නම් 256 යටතේ ටැමිල්නාඩ් ආණ්ඩුව තහනම් කර, එය මධ්‍යම රජයේ පාලනය යටතට ගන්නා ලෙස සුබ්‍රමනියම් ස්වාමි යෝජනා කල සැණෙන්ම ටැමිල්නාඩ් වල ජයලලිතා පිස්සුව වාෂ්පවී ගියේය.

    මෙම සුබ්‍රමනියම් ස්වාමි නමැති දෙවියාට, කතරගම හෝ දැඩිමුණ්ඩ දෙවියන්ට හෝ කාලිම්මාට හෝ මෙන් ලංකාවටත් වඩින ලෙස අඩු තරමින් පොල් ගහන්න වත් කෙනෙක් ලංකාවේ නැද්ද? රටින් පිට සිට මා එසේ සිතන්නේ මගේ මෝඩකම නිසාම බව ස්වාමිත්, අනිත් දෙවිවරුත්, හූනියම් දෙවියොත්, ලංකාවේ මහජනයාත් දන්නවා ද විය හැකිය. ඊට හේතුව ලංකාවේ වෙන සෙල්ලම් වලට දෙවිවරුන් පවා බයේ දුවන නිසා විය යුතුය. මේ විකාර අදහස් මගේ සිතට ආවේ ලංකාවේ හාල් මැස්සන් හා මෝරුන් ගැන ජේ වී පී එකේ අනුර කුමාරගේ කතාවක් යූ ටියුබ් එකේ ඊයේ දැක්කාට පසුවය. මීට කලකට පෙරද මා එවැන්නක් දැක්කත් ඒ ජයලලිතා හිරේ යන්නට පෙරය.

    අනුර කුමාර දිසානායක කියන කතාව මෙසේය. මහින්‌දානන්‌ද අළුත්ගමගේ බිරිඳගෙන් දික්කසාදවීමට කඩුවෙල උසාවියේ නඩුවක් දැම්මේය. ඔහු තමාගේ බෙල්ල දෙපාරක්ම කඩා ඇති නිසා දැනටමත් වෙනම ජීවත්‌වන ඇය ඊට එකගවිය. නමුත් ඇය වන්දියක් (ලක්‍ෂ පන්‌දාහක්) හා මාසිකව නඩත්තුවට ලක්‍ෂ පනහ බැගින් ද ඉල්ලා සිටියේය. තමා දැනටමත් මසෙකට ලක්‍ෂ 12 ක් දෙන බව ඔහු කීවේය. මෙතරම් මුදලක් දෙන්නේ කොහොමදැයි නඩුකාරයා ඇසූවිට විවාහක බිරිඳ සැමියාගේ සියළු වත්කම් පිළිඹඳව විස්තර එලිදරව් කලේය. පුරුෂයාගේ සමහර ලිංගික රහස් පවා ස්ත්‍රිය එලිකරන්නේ දික්කසාද නඩු පාරට වැටුන විටය.                                                         
    1988ටේ දී මන්ත්‍රී වීමට පෙර මහින්‌දානන්‌ද ඉන්ෂුවරන්ස් ඒජන්ට් කෙනෙක් වශයෙන් මසකට රුපියල් 1,250ක පඩියකුත්, කසාද බැන්ඳ ස්ත්‍රිය කුලියාපිටියේ සිංගර් කොම්පැනියේ මසකට රුපියල් 250ක පඩියකුත් ගත්තේය. ඔහු අඩුතරමින් ඕ ලෙවල් වත් පාස් වී නැත! නුවර හා කොළඹ පුරාම ඔහුගේ දේපල ඇත. කටුනායක ගුවන් තොටුපලේ ඩියුටි ෆ්රී කඩ ද ඇත. මැලිබන් මුදලාලි ඉස්කෝලෙකට ගියේවත් නැත. නමුත් ඔහු ධනවත් වූයේ අතිශය වශයෙන් දුක් ගැහැට විඳිමින් ය.

    මෙහිදී මතුවන ප්‍රශ්නයක් නම් මේ මහින්‌දානන්‌ද මේ ආකාරයට එකතු කරගත් දේපල නීත්‍යානුකූලව, සාධාරණ ලෙස එකතු කර ගත්තාද ඒවා ඔහුගේ ටැක්ස් කොලවල ලියා ඇද්ද යන්නය. එසේ ලිව්වා නම් එවැනි ධනය ගැන විමසීමක් ආදායම් බදු දෙපාර්තමේන්තුව විසින් කලාද යන්නත් මෙහිදී වැදගත් ය. අල්ලස් හා දූෂණ කොමිසමට මෙවැනි කේස් එකක් යොමු කිරීම නිලධාරීන්ගේ වගකීමක් නොවේ ද?

    අල්ලස් කොමසාරිසුත් පගා ගත්තාය කියා අසුවන එකම රට ලංකාව විය හැකිය. වික්‍රමනායක නම් අල්ලස් කොමසාරිස් කෙනෙක් එසේ වැරදිකරු වූ අතීත අවසථාවක් මෙහිදී මට මතක් වේ. බාලපටබැඳි නම වත්මන් කොමසාරිස්ට විරුද්ධව ජේ වී පී එකෙන් බරපතල චෝදනාවක් එල්ලවී ඇතත් හැමෝම ෂේප් වීමට හදන බව පෙනේ. මෙවැනි පසුබිමක් යටතේ මහජනයා හා මුළු රටම අසරණවී ඇති බව පෙනේ. මෙවැනි හොරුන් නිසා තමන්ට රටවැසියන් වශයෙන් හානියක් වී ඇතැයි කියා මනව හිමිකම් කවුන්සිලයට හෝ ඉන්දියාවේ දී මෙන් සුප්‍රිම් කෝට් එකට පෙත්සමක් යැවීමට ඉඩක් තිබේද?

කරවල කුමාරයා

    අනුර කුමාරගේ ඉහත කතාවේදී මෝරුන් ගැන කියන විට මට මතක් වූයේ යූ එන් පී කාරයින් ඒ කාලයේ ටී බී ඉලංගරත්න මහතාට කරවල කුමාරයා යයි නමක් පටබැඳීමය. සතොස ඇතිකරපු කාලයේ ඒ මඟින් කරෝල රටට ගෙන්වීමට අදාලව ඔහු බලපත්‍ර දීමට පගා ගත්තාය යන ප්‍රචාරයය. 1970 ගණන්වල සිට ආ මේ කතාව බොරුවක් බව මට ඒත්තුගියේ 2012 වසරේ මා ලංකාවට ගිය විට ඉලංගරත්න මහතාගේ ජීවිතය ගැන ඉතාමත් ලඟින් දැන සිටි 75ස් හැවිරිදි කෙනෙකු ගෙනි. පගා මරුවෙක් නොව ඉතා ධාර්මික ලෙස ජීවත්වී දුප්පත් මිනිසෙකු ලෙස ඉලංගරත්න මහතා මිය ගියේය. සමහර විට එතුමාගේ ගෝලයින් එතුමාටත් හොරෙන් පගා ගන්නට ඇත. රනිල් වික්‍රමසිංහ කාලයේ පගා ගැනීම් ගැන උග්‍ර යූ එන් පී කාන්තාවක් මට කිව්වේ රනිල් හොඳයි, ඔහු වටේ ඉන්නා අය පගා ගන්නවා ඇති කියාය.

    අනුර කුමාර බැසිල් රාජපක්‍ෂ මෝරෙක් ලෙස ඉඟිකලේ දැන් සීනී ඇමතිව ඉන්නා ලක්‍ෂ්‌මන් සෙනෙවිරත්න විසින් බැසිල් මන්ත්‍රී ලෙස පාර්ලිමේන්තුවේ දිවුරුම් දෙන අවස්ථාවේ මිස්ටර් ෆව් පර්සන්ට් යන ප්ලැකාඩ් එකක් පාර්ලිමේන්තුව ඇතුලේම ඔසවා ගෙන සිටි බව පවසමිනි. බැසිල් පගා කාරයෙක්ද, කොමිස් කාරයෙක්ද යන්න කරවල කුමාරයා වගේ කතාවක් වීමටද පුළුවන් වන්නේ එදා පෝස්ටර් ඉස්සු මිනිහා අද සීනි ඇමතිවී සිටින නිසාය.

    සාධාරණ, යුක්තිගරුක සමාජයක සිදුවිය යුතු දෙයක් නම් යම් ඉතා පැහැදිලි නීති කඩකිරීමක් සිදුවී ඇත්දැයි කරුණු එලියට ආ විට ඒ ගැන රාජ්‍ය ආයතනයක් විසින් ස්වාධීන පරීක්‍ෂණයක් කිරීමය. මෙම මහින්‌දානන්‌ද කතාව මෙන්ම මේ දැන් එලිවෙන සජින් වාස් ගුණ්වර්‍ධන නාටකයද හොඳ උදාහරණ දෙකකි. ඕ ලෙවල් වත් පාස් නැති සජින් ජී එල් පීරිස් පඹයෙක් කර විදේශ ප්‍රතිපත්තිය ගෙන යෑම වෙනම කතාවකි. ඔහු විසින් සල්ලි, දේපල, කොමිස් පැත්තෙන් කර ඇති දැන් එලිවෙමින් පවතින වික්‍රම ක්‍රියා පරීක්‍ෂණයකට ලක්විය යුතුය. චෞර රැජින පොතේ චන්ද්‍රිකාගේ හොර කෙතරම් ලියා තිබෙනවාද? රට කොච්චර විහිළු රටක් වී ඇද්ද කිව්වොත් දූෂණ වල විරුද්ධව දැන් කතා කරන ලීඩර් චන්ද්‍රිකා ය!

කිසා ගෝතමී ටෙස්ට් එක

    අනිත් පැත්තෙන් බලනවිට මේ රට සූරා කන කොල හා නිල් පක්‍ෂ දෙක කරගෙන යන්නේ ලොකුම ප්‍රෝඩාවක් නොවේද? හොරෙක් නොවන දේශපාලකයින් කීදෙනෙක් ලංකාවේ ඉන්නවාද? චන්ද්‍රිකාගේ හොර වාසුදේව නානායක්කාර පෙන්වා දුන්නත් එයින් වැරදි කරුවෙක් වූ පී බී ජයසුන්දර අද ලංකාවේ නිලනොලත් රජෙක් වගේය. තවත් වංචා සැකකාරයෙක් වූ රවි කරුණානායක නිදැල්ලේ හැසිරේ. රනිල් ගේ කාලයේ සුනේත්‍රා බණ්ඩාරනායකගේ බැංකු සේප්පුව අරින්නට රනිල් ඉඩ දුන්නේ නැත. චන්ද්‍රිකාගේ හොර අක්කාගේ බැංකු සේප්පුවේ සඟවා ඇතැයි සැකයක් විය.

    නෙවිල් ජයවීර සර් ජෝන් කිව්වාය කියා ලිව්වේ සිංහල මරික්කාර් තැපැල් ඇමති උප තැපැල් තනතුරු දීමට, ඒ සඳහා ඉල්ලුම් කල ස්ත්‍රීන් හා නිදාගත් බවය. මේ පගා වැඩ මිනිසා ගේ ලේවල කොටසකි. 1860 ගනන් වල ඇමෙරිකන් සිවිල් යුද්ධ කාලයේ කෙතරම් හොරකම් හමුදාවට සම්බන්ධව සිදුවූවාද යත් පසු කලක ලංකාවට ආ කර්නල් ඕල්කොට් ව ඒ සඳහා විමසීමට ලින්කන් ජනාධිපති විසින් පත් කරන ලදී. විස්ල්බ්ලෝවර්ස් ලෝ කියා රජයේ හෝ අනිත් ආයතනවල සිදුවන දූෂණ ගැන ඔත්තු දීමේ නීතියක් ඇමෙරිකාවේ අද තිබෙන්නේ ඕල්කොට් කල නිර්දේශ මත ඒ කාලයේ පැනවූ නීතිය නිසාය. පාකියසෝති සරවනමුත්තුගේ සෙන්ටර් ෆෝ පොලිසි ඕල්ටර්නේටිව්ස් යන එන් ජී ඕ එක කර ඇති වංචා ගැන ලිපියක් 2014 ඔක්තෝබර් 10 කලම්බු ටෙලිග්‍රාෆ් වෙබ් අඩවියේ පලවිය. ඩබල් බිලින්, ට්‍රෙබල් බිලින් (එකම දේට කීප වරක්ම බිල් යැවීම) රජා කියා පාකියසෝතිව නම් කල හැකි තරම් ය.

    ලංකාවේ දුෂ්ට පාලකයින් අක්කර් දහස් ගණනක් රජයට (එම නීතිය ගෙනාවේත් ඇගේ රජය ය) දුන් මිසිස් බී අක්කර හතරක් වංචා කලා කියා ඇයට දඬුවම් කලේය. සර් ඔලිවර් නම් විනිමය වංචාකල හොරාට ජේ ආර් සමාව දුන්නේය. මෙසේ දේශපාලකයින් හොරකම් කිරීම හැමදාමවගේ තිබුණත් දැන් එය ව්සංගතයක් සේ පැතිරී ඇත. ඉතා දුගී මවකට පවා ලමයාව කබල් පාසැලට දාගන්නට වුනත් පගාවක් (රුපියල් 20,000-50,000) දීමට සිදුවූ සිද්ධි මම දනිමි. මේකද නිදහස් අධ්‍යාපනය ය කියන කයිවාරුව? නොමිලේ සෞඛ්‍ය සේවය ලු. නමුත් බේත ලියා දුන් විට ගන්නට පාර්‍මසියට දෙන්න ජනයාට සල්ලි නැත. පුද්ගලික රෝහල වල ඉන්නේ මුස්ලිම් ලෙඩ්ඩු ය. මනුෂත් දෙරණ පෝලිම් දික්වේ.

    පොලිස්කාරයා ගන්නා පගා හා වෙනත් සුළු දූෂණ මෙසේ ඉහලින් සිදුවන දූෂණ හා ඒ දූෂණ ගැන රටේ පාලකයින් හා බලධාරීන් නිහඬව සිටීමේ ප්‍රතිපලය. නිල් කොල පක්‍ෂ කාරයින් මේවා විසඳන්නේ නැත. ජේ වී පී එකට දෑකැත්ත හා මිටිය බදාගෙන ඉන්නා තාක් වාසුදේව ට තිබෙනවාට වඩා බලයක් ලැබෙන්නේ නැත.

    මේ නිසා දැන් රටේ විශාල බලවේගයක් වී සිටිනා බොදු බල සේනාව රටේ නම සිංහලේ කියා වෙනස් කරන්නට යනවා වගේම හෝ ඊට වඩා අවධානයක් මේ රටේ ජනයාට යුක්තිය, බඩගින්න, ලෙඩරෝග, ලම්‍යින්ට පාසැල්, ගමනා ගමනය, කුණු කසල, ගංවතුර, නාය යෑම්, පරිසර දූෂණය යන කාරණා ගැනද යොමු කල යුතුය. මහජනයා විසින් නම කන්නද, කොඩිය කන්නද කියා අසන තැනකට බොදු බල සේනාව ද වැටීමට ඉඩ ඇත. රටේ මහජනයාට මේ නිල්-කොල කාරයින්ගෙන් වෙන විනාශය ප්‍රචාරක ආයුධයක් කර නොගත්තොත් නිල්, කොල හා රතු අයත් බොදු බල සේනාවට විරුද්ධව යොදාගන්නේ ජේ ආර් ඒ කාලයේ ඇසුවා වගේ “ඉතිහාසය කන්න පුළුවන් ද?” කියන කතාවය.

Submission To OHCHR Investigation On Sri Lanka

October 11th, 2014

Dr. Chula Rajapakse MNZM Spokesperson. United Sri Lanka Association

To:OHCHR

Investigation on Sri Lanka.

Dear Sir/ Madam

I write in response to your call for submissions on   information …on alleged serious violations and abuses of human rights and related crimes allegedly perpetrated   from 21st February 2002 until   15th November  2011 in Sri  Lanka by either party to the armed conflict.”

The main basis of the UNHRC instituted investigation on Sri Lanka, despite the longer period of cover, was the allegation that Sri Lankan forces achieved victory over the Tamil Tigers intheir armed conflict at the cost of an unacceptably high casualty rate quoted upwards of 40,000 among the Tamil civilians trapped by the Tigers as human shields , in the last few weeks of this armed conflict. Further that this was the result of indiscriminate and directed fire by the SL forces at these civilians.

These allegations however  do not hold true against scrutiny and theinquiry instituted is fraught with many concerns  as shown below.

The allegations are illogical   since if it was true  all three hundred thousand of the trapped Tamil civilians  would not have fled the Tigers and into the arms of the same Sri Lankan soldiers at the first opportunity in full view of the world media. If they were true the soldiers   would not have  risked their lives for the next two years demining the land where the civilians homes were, to return them  to their homes as they have done, nor would the soldiers have ensured their rehabilitation and reabsorption  into civil society as they have done , nor ensured that over six hundred Tiger child soldiers were reunited  with their parents , nor ensured  that over 12,000 ex-combatants were rehabilitated and integrated into civil society, nor launched an unprecedented development program in these areas that has seen an annual growth rate of 24%  in comparison to a national average  of 8%. If these allegations were true it would not make any sense for SL government to launch in earnest a drive to make Sri Lanka a truly trilingual nation where   Sinhalese, Tamil & English would have equal importance, nor to have Northern Provincial Government Elections that has seen the election of a provincial government and a Tamil chief minister , drawn from an oppositionTamil party. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0VVlcUyEuxI&feature=youtu.be

These allegations also have no credibility since they  were initially leveled by the Tiger Diaspora. They are best known for their capacity to disseminate misinformation. Theseallegations were initiated  to destabilize SL & achieve their goal of Elam through propaganda having failed to do so  through the war. These allegations  were supported by two countries UK and Canada where the Tiger Diaspora  exercised considerable political clout in several marginal electorates that ultimately determined which party won the countrywide general elections. They were also supported by the US whose geopolitical ambitions in the Indian ocean were better served by a weak , unstable &easily manipulated Sri Lanka. Western nations with no such vested interest like Australia & New Zealand have neither supported these allegations nor the inquiry. The allegations were also orchestrated by NGO’s, like Amnesty international and cash strapped   media groups like UK Channel 4, all of whom did benefit or were well positioned to benefit from handsomeencouragement from the Tiger’s ill gotten  war chest of Billions now devoted entirely to propaganda. The  Darusman commission is the other frequently quoted supporter of these allegations . It was made up of  commissioners with previously declared opposition to Sri Lanka. They refused to reveal the sources of their information for two decades. This has left  no credibility with their findings. In contrast in the documentary Lies agreed Uponhttp://www.defence.lk/new.asp?fname=lies_agreed_upon_20110801 over 50 rescued Tamil civilians representing the 300,000 , doctors and Member of Parliament  denied  allegations  of SL forces shooting any civilians and had only praise for them. Tracing the evolution of the casualty  figure from an unknown to 40,000  also exposes the complete lack of credibility of the claim.

This inquiry is unwarranted and so intrusive as three earlier commissions,  Sri Lanka’s  LLRC,, Sri Lankan Army Commission & Sri Lanka’s missing persons commission had  or were inquiring extensively into these allegations. The findings so far have not supported these allegations .  However  recommendations made where necessary were  being implemented in earnest.  This view was supported at the UNHRC in May 2014 by Sri Lanka’s South Asian neighbors including India and Pakistan, who were more aware of the ground realities of Sri Lanka than far away western nations. They did not support the inquiry . Therefore they  have all refused the commission entry into their countries .Thailand is the closest  to Sri Lanka, the commission was being permitted, in their investigation of Sri Lanka! . This would detract considerably from the credibility of their findings This view of unwarranted & intrusive”  was further reinforced by statement  at the UNGA in September 2014 by a 22 member Like Minded group” and by  eight other nations in their addresses to the UNGA .

The inquiry is also a disproportionate .   Three decades of Tiger Terror  in SL  drew no response from the UNHRC or it’s ethnic Tamil head Navy Pillai , but Tamil Tiger Diaspora inspired allegations relating to a few weeks  of these three decades drew immediate response!. Additionally, conflicts that had seen much higher casualties, most notably US led invasion of Iraq on pretext of non existent WMD’s also drew only a deafening silence from the  UNHRC & it’s head.

Many Tamil groups in Sri Lanka have similarly denounced the brief of this inquiry as one  re-opening healing wounds”  and  have drawn attention to their possible counterproductive outcomes . The CHOGM experience served to warn Sri Lanka of the dangers of  western backed   inquiry where allegations could be selectively orchestrated to Sri Lanka’s disadvantage.

Consequently, the best course for the commission would be to recommend that UNHRC actively supports Sri Lanka’s processes of reconciliation identified above.

The one area that the commission could lead an investigation that Sri Lanka does not have capacity to do, is to inquireinto how  well known Tiger Supporters of the past now internationally based   like Father Emanuel  leader of the Global Tamil Federation &  the  Head of the Trans National Government of Tamil Elam Mr Rudrakumaran,  could operate so feely as they do now and investigate their culpability to sustaining three decades of Tiger Terror in Sri Lanka and bring them to book. Similar inquiry should also be instituted into the role of Adele Balasingham , ,who donned the cyanide capsule on hundreds of child soldiers before sacrificing them as canon fodder. Details of this activity are easily accessed on U Tube. Yet, she  now leads a free & charmed existence in UK.

 

Thank You. 

Dr. Chula Rajapakse MNZM

Spokesperson.

United Sri Lanka Association

Lower Hutt

New Zealand

 

BASL ‘S FUNDING SHOULD BE PROBED.

October 11th, 2014

Ranjith Soysa

It is reported that the BASL has received funds from National Endowment for Democracy, a well known arm of the Central Intelligence Agency of the USA. Of late, BASL has launched its activities into many areas which are more of  political nature than stricly legal.

Since NED was involved in many a political movements including forced attempts at regime changes and spurring international political movements aligned to the USA, it is absolutely necessary to initiate a probe into the transactions the BASL had with NED and to ascertain the related agenda and how the funds received were utilized.

The CIA’s covert and overt operations in Cuba, Chile, Bolivia, El Salvador , Eastern Europe, the Middle East, Thailand, Pakistan and Burma etc should galvanize the strategic thinkers in Sri Lanka to effectively control this menace.

Sri Lanka’s national security should be safeguarded from the external interferences engineered by the Ugly Americans and their agents

 

 

 

GOSL Names and Bans LTTE Fronts: Tamil Youth Organization

October 11th, 2014

Shenali Waduge

 India was the first to proscribe the LTTE in 1992. US came next in 1997. UK followed in 2001. EU did so in 2006. Thereafter, the International Community began on LTTE fronts. US proscribed the Tamil Rehabilitation Organization in 2008, the Tamil Foundation in 2009. Canada proscribed the World Tamil Movement in 2008, France banned the CCTF in 2009. EU has yet to list LTTE fronts and should seriously consider so now that the GOSL has named 16 LTTE fronts, named over 400 individuals as aiding and abetting terrorism and these include Tamils who are holding foreign passports and who are heading these organizations – Rudrakumaran US citizen of TGTE, Father Emmanuel – Global Tamil Forum, Nediyawan in Norway and Vinayagam. These are the brains or the front office heads of all the pro-LTTE diaspora organizations. The establishment of Youth Organizations across the world referring to themselves as Tamil Youth Organizations requires the countries where these TYOs are established to seriously address the type of ideology these youth are been indoctrinated with. 

 EVIDENCE : Connections of CTC – TRO – NCCT – TYO – International Council of Eelam Tamils is established

  • Krisna Saravanamuttu plays a lead role in all 3 of the above
  • Krisna Saravanamuttu, spokesman for both ICET and NCCT
  • NCCT is the leading organization within the ICET
  • NCCT is the successor of the World Tamil Movement – banned by Canada.
  • NCCT chairperson Ranjan Sri Ranjan is co-chair of ICET. The other co-chair Steven Pushparajah is based in Norway.
  • ICET is controlled by Nediyavan and Irumporai. 
  • ICET is composed of TYO NZ and
  1. National Council of Canadian Tamils
  2. Swiss Council of Eelam Tamils
  3. Norwegian Council of Eelam Tamils
  4. Maison du Tamil Eelam, France
  5. Country Council of Eelam Tamils, Germany
  6. Italy Council of Eelam Tamils
  7. Dutch Tamil Forum
  8. Danish Tamils Forum
  9. Tamil Cultural Organisation – Belgium
  10. British Tamils Forum
  • Neethan Shan – leader of the NCCT and TYO-Canada (was Former Ontario New Democratic Party candidate for Scarborough Rouge River)
  • Ranjan Sri Ranjan was the former President of the Canadian Tamil Congress
  • Naaventhan Thambiyrajh coordinated Neethan Shan’s election campaign in 2012.
  • Raj Subramaniam – former director of NCCT
  • Shanthela Easwarakumar – worked with TRO Canada and the Canadian Tamil Congress. She is also a member of the LTTE and her LTTE handwritten membership form has been recovered and financially supporting LTTE has also been admitted.
  • Sriskantharajah Rajagopal – of TYO Norway is also head of LTTE’s TCC and head of LTTE’s Annai Poopathi Tamil School in Norway.
  • Tamil Eelam Football Association was established through TYOs’ Global Tamil Youth League (GTYL) in April 2012
  • In Norway, in January 2010, eight LTTE activists including five youth, were indicted for 2009 attack on the Sri Lanka Embassy in Oslo.
  • In Germany, eight LTTE activists from front organizations including the TCC were arrested on three occasions in March and May 2010 and three of them have already been indicted
  • In the Netherlands, in April 2010, six LTTE activists from front organizations including the TCC, TRO and the Tamil Youth Organization (TYO) were arrested. 
  • Janani Jananayagam alias Jan Jananayagam of Tamils Against Genocide (TAG) participated in the TYO (Global Tamil Youth League) conference held 7-8 April, 2012 in the UK, and made a presentation on the genocide of Tamils”.
  • April 2012 Global Tamil Youth League Resolution adopted  by coalition member organizations : The resolution was adopted by Canadian Tamil Youth Alliance, Canada (CTYA); Tamil Youth Network, Germany; Giovani Tamil, Italy; Tamil Youth Organisation, Norway (TYO-Norway); Tamil Youth Organisation, Switzerland (TYO-Swiss) and Tamil Youth Organisation, UK (TYO-UK); and endorsed by Voice of Tamils, Australia; Tamil Youth Organisation, New Zealand (TYO-NZ), Tamil Youth Organisation, Sweden (TYO-Sweden) and  Tamil Youth Organization, USA (TYO-USA).
  • Jeyachandran Gopinath, alias Jeya Annai, LTTE propagandist-in-chief and Editor of the LTTE website ‘Tamilnet’, who also operates from Norway
  • Goldan Lambert (29 yrs), the Head of the Tamil Youth Organization arrested in June 21, 2007 along with A. C. Shanthan of the British Tamil Association by the UK police. Shanthan was LTTE branch chief and Lambert was Finance chief and together they were fundraising and procuring arms for the LTTE. The UK police also raided ‘Eelam House’ in Mitcham, Surrey that was officially opened by Bishop of Mannar Rayyappu Joseph as well as the TYO office in Colindale, London
  • Sathajhan Sarachandran alias Satha Sarachandran was TYO President (2003-5). He was president and national president of the Canadian Tamil Students Association. He was also a member of the Canadian Tamil Congress. He formed a terrorist cell with CTC’s Communications Director Sahilal Sabaratnam who is serving 25 years in a US prison. 

It is amazing to see how even academics have joined in.

TYO – Italy

  • Prof. Giuseppe Burgio spoke about the armed struggle, the de-facto state built by the LTTE and the support they had among the Tamil people.
  • Prof. Fulvio Vasallo argued that the ban on the LTTE became a ban on the demand for Tamil Eelam.
  • Professor Clelila Bartoli analysed the genocide on the Tamil nation

Prof. Clelia Bartoli who specializes in Human Rights alleged that what happened to the Eezham Tamils was an intended genocide 

  • Stephano Edward, Giovani Tamil Coordinator for Sicily detailed what activities Tamil organisations in Italy have been engaging in.
  • Italian anthropologist Fabio Pettirino provided the conceptual basis for the title of the conference. He gave suggestions on how the Tamil diaspora can take their case to the establishments 
  • Sergio Cipolla of the CISS, a development NGO and Prof Provenza of Amnesty International, on how the UN failed in their responsibility in preventing the genocide.
  • Prof. Provenza of Amnesty International (the Canadian arm accepted Canadian $50,000 from banned Canadian Tamil Congress) argued for an independent international investigation into war crimes in Sri Lanka.
  • Barbara Evola, the Palermo minister in charge for education, said that she would do her best to push for action corresponding to the situation.

GOSL CANNOT BE ASLEEP.

THERE IS NO TAMIL NATION.

THERE IS GOING TO BE NO TAMIL EELAM

THE REFERENCE TO ANY TAMIL NATION OR A TAMIL EELAM MUST CEASE.

THE REFERENCE TO GENOCIDE MUST CEASE.

THE REFERENCE TO WAR CRIMES AND CRIMES AGAINST HUMANITY MUST CEASE.

PROOF – EVIDENCE AND NOT PROPAGANDA AND LIES WILL BE ACCEPTED.

Indian Defence Secretary calls on the President

October 10th, 2014

By Janaka Alahapperuma

Indian Defence Secretary Mr. R.K. Mathur made a courtesy call on President Mahinda Rajapaksa at the President’s House in Kandy this morning.

Expanding training opportunities, issues related to fishermen, overall defence related matters concerning both countries were discussed between the President and Indian Defence Secretary when he met the President. President Rajapaksa emphasied that he has continuously maintained that cooperation between Sri Lanka and India in the sector of defence which is an important aspect of the strong friendship shared by the two South Asian neighbours.

 The Indian High Commissioner in Sri Lanka Mr. Y.K. Sinha, Joint Secretary of India’s Ministry of Defence Mr. Ram Suhag Singh and Joint Secretary of India’s Ministry of External Affairs Mrs. Suchitra Durai, Secretary to the Ministry of External Affairs Mrs. Kshenuka Seneviratne and Commander of the Sri Lanka Navy Vice Admiral Jayantha Perera were also present.

 Meanwhile the second Annual Defence Dialogue (ADD) between the Defence Secretaries of India and Sri Lanka was held in Colombo on 09 October 2014.  Defence Secretary, Shri R.K. Mathur and the Sri Lankan Defence Secretary, Mr. Gotabaya Rajapaksa co-chaired the meeting along with their delegations, comprising officers from the Defence Ministries, External Affairs Ministries and the Armed Forces of both the countries.  During the dialogue, various ongoing defence cooperation initiatives were jointly reviewed and new avenues for cooperation identified.  The regional security situation and issues of maritime security were also discussed at the meeting. The inaugural Annual Defence Dialogue was held at New Delhi on 31 January 2012.

THE ‘OPPOSITIONS’ ACCEPT DEFEAT

October 10th, 2014

Nalin de Silva

The opposition is not attempting to win the Presidential elections, for the simple reason that there is no common opposition and hence it is not capable of doing so. The talk of common candidate is now history, with only Ven. Maduluwawe Sobhitha Thera and the supporters talking of good governance according to Western statecraft and not according to Dasharaja Dharma. Most of the supporters are from the old left or the left out of the left and they would not have heard of the Dasharaja Dharma.

In any event for them Dasharaja Dharma is outdated unlike the so called modern concepts on good governance and the Thera has no way of even dreaming of the Dasharaja Dharma. It appears that even if the Thera contests he will be the common candidate of the supporters who meet at Nagavihara Kotte and not of the so called common opposition. There is no common opposition as such and there are only oppositions that cannot come together to field a common candidate. There are so many oppositions that even the Peratugami Party, the breakaway group from the JVP, is to contest the Presidential elections and it appears that Mudalige alias Kumar Mahaththaya will be the common candidate of the Peratugami Party. If he contests the Presidential elections he would not be poll even 0.5 per cent of the valid vote but will spend a substantial amount of money on the election campaign. Only the Peratugamins would know who has the money to spend on the campaign. The JVP is telling us a new story. They are apparently not contesting not because they cannot win after spending money collected using the students and others but because it is illegal for Mahinda Rajapaksa to contest a third time! They have bought Sarath Silva’s argument but are not going to courts to challenge the legality of Mahinda Rajapaksa contesting a third time.

Supreme Court

Sarath Silva is not Divine and he is only an ex Chief Justice of Sri Lanka. Only those who gathered around Shirani Bandaranayake know which CJ he was in numerical order and how many CJs are there to be contacted if necessary. The ex CJs, the other Judges and lawyers have different opinions and though the final decision is also made by individuals it would be official as it would be by the present CJ and Judges.

What the government has to do is to get an interpretation of the Supreme Court without waiting any longer on the question of a person contesting a third time, (there are two such candidates namely Mahinda Rajapaksa and Chandrika Kumaratunga) in general — without waiting till Mahinda Rajapaksa is nominated by a political party.

It is unfortunate that people of the calibre of H L de Silva are no longer among the lawyers advising the SLFP and some are not prepared to listen to non lawyers. The non lawyers may be goda perakadoruwas but not all perakadoruwas are eminent lawyers.

The JVP would probably go before the Supreme Court once Mahinda Rajapaksa is nominated by the UPFA and if the decision goes against them, that is if the Supreme Court decides that Mahinda Rajapaksa could contest a third time it is very likely that the JVP would boycott the elections. In effect they would be saying that they would not accept the verdict of the Supreme Court and would be thinking of an Aluthkade Spring. As two former CJs Sarath Silva and Shirani Bandaranayake would also most probably support the JVP they would claim that they have the moral high ground though they would not have any ground at all.

Western governmental organizations

It appears that the strategy of the JVP is to challenge the decision of the people to elect Mahinda Rajapaksa as the President. However, they would be careful to say that it is not the decision of the people that they challenge but the legality question that would have been determined by the Supreme Court by that time. They would resort to slogans such as good governance, probably with the support of Ven. Sobhitha Thera a candidate lost by that time and the TNA as well. They would be supported by the usual pundits in the Western governmental organizations or so called non governmental organizations and the media would give publicity out of proportion.

If the JVP thinks that they could gather people around them they are sadly mistaken, even if the West would most probably support them. As far as the West is concerned they are not bothered whether it is the JVP that they would have to support, if it is a question of defeating Mahinda Rajapaksa who did not listen to them to allow Prabhakaran to escape.

At a Presidential election the JVP would not be able to poll more than 3 per cent of the valid vote, but which is hardly adequate to defeat Mahinda Rajapaksa, though they would poll about six times that polled by the Peratugamins. On top of the JVP it is likely that Sarath Fonseka would also contest the Presidential election as he is not interested in becoming a star by supporting Ranil Wickremesinghe. He wants his Party to be the star and thinks that it could be achieved only by contesting the Presidential elections as the common candidate of his party.

A plethora of common candidates

The UNP will field Ranil Wickremesinghe as its common candidate and we will have a plethora of common candidates at the next Presidential elections. However, none of the commoners would contest with the hope of defeating Mahinda Rajapaksa, a fact that they have already accepted and their only hope is depriving Mahinda Rajapaksa the 50 per cent plus one of the valid vote. They want to go for the so called second preference thus accepting defeat in the first round of the Presidential elections.

The UNP though somewhat different from JVP, is also thinking of taking to the streets for some kind of a spring soon after the first round. They know that even if they could force the count of second preference still Mahinda Rajapaksa would win. People are not going to give their second preference to Ranil after giving the first preference to Sarath Fonseka or Kumar Mahaththaya or even Sobhitha Thera.

In any event all those candidates would not poll more than 5 per cent of the valid vote and Ranil Wickremesinghe would have even an outside chance of becoming the President of the country only if the difference between him and Mahinda Rajapaksa is less than 5 per cent of the vote and most of the second preferences would be for him.

It is a most unlikely event and my estimate going by the results of the Provincial Council elections and moreover the caliber the skills etc., of the two main candidates Mahinda Rajapaksa would poll about 55 per cent of the valid vote, with Ranil getting less than 40 per cent of the vote. However, the UNP like the JVP has given up all hopes of winning the elections and their strategy is to hope that Mahinda Rajapaksa would not get the necessary 50 per cent plus one vote at the elections.

The UNP would then be able to agitate for a counting of second preferences and in the meantime with the support of the western forces would think of drawing the people to streets for some kind of “Arab spring”. The JVP, TNA, SLMC all would join hands with UNP and they would all want to oust Mahinda Rajapaksa and send him before a so called international judiciary. The JVP will rally round the UNP giving up its own spring.

However, this is Sri Lanka and Mahinda Rajapaksa would poll around 55 per cent of the valid vote and defeat all the plans of the JVP, UNP and the west, the WGOs, and of course the TNA, SLMC and the rest. In the end the common candidates would find that they have common features of day dreaming and losing elections.

The Pass the Pillow Politicians of Sri Lanka

October 9th, 2014

Shenali D Waduge  

The history of cross-overs in Sri Lankan politics is amusing to say the least. Political parties have no problem about the jumping jacks and political parties have no issues in passing these politicians like the game – pass the pillow. A game it is and all parties are playing the same game. They ridicule one another on stage but enjoy a good up of tea and a hearty laugh in the end. The laugh probably is meant for us – the Public. We the gullible and the fools end up making heroes out of zeroes simply because some bad eggs jump to bring an opposition party into power. Is it not time to change the entire voting system and bring in a better option for the people and the nation and not the politicians? But can we expect changes when the changes end up having to be done by people not wanting to relinquish any of their powers and quite satisfied with the status quo whether they are in government or opposition?

Global politics today is corrupt. Mega bucks are thrown in by organizations to ensure they get their ‘people’ into power because when they are in power these entities are assured of getting their agendas met. Thus, politicians end up trapped even before they enter office which is why in reality it is hard to find an honest politician and why we say there are no honest politicians in politics or politics is not for honest politicians. Perhaps the day a new political culture prevails across the world things may change.

The politicians we end up voting for and those who enter from the back door may not have qualifications even a simple O/L pass but their ingenuity is such that they have created for themselves their own goalposts – even if they cross over they do not require to leave the party though they are voting for the party that they crossed over to. What kind of logic is this and have the people been so foolish to accept this? All crossovers have to do with fulfilment of personal goals and nothing else and such people deserve no one’s respect nor do they qualify to be termed ‘respected’. The political parties will complain when they end up losing people and power but they will not complain when crossovers help their party to come into power!

What is important is that the cross overs between 1951 to 1965 had no links to perks, bribes and other factors except the disagreement in policies. With every year the demand is raised for cross overs and there are even foreign entities willing to and actually conniving these cross overs! Today we are talking about millions being demanded alongside other perks too and the logic is always – ‘why not so long as we can form a Government’ so any bad egg is welcome and all these bad eggs are having a price tag which they are proud of and not ashamed of displaying the pitiful conditions these politicians have deteriorated to and questions why any of us in public would even wish to shake hands with them!

What is even more amusing is the excuses they give for crossing over and these range from ‘putting country before party’ to claiming that they stood for ‘honesty, transparency and against corruption’ and the best one is that it was against ‘principles’ to be in a party that people were against. We have heard enough and more of these and they have a season too. The kangaroo inside each comes out at the height of elections and the public should take close note of their speeches and statements because these are dead giveaways on what they are planning to do. We need to ask why these jumping jacks are given plum portfolios especially like the Ministry of Justice when it is all too clear that the damage is being done to the country while in office and thereafter crossing over for another plum portfolio to continue the same damage! It also questions why they are even kept in office when all signs reveal that they remain only to satisfy their lusts.

Are the public euthanized to such an extent that they are unable to realize or do they also become party to the hypocrisies because they too stand to gain? Let the public be honest for a change and ask themselves how many vote for a politician because he stands for principles, for a vision to raise the country and its people or do they vote for a politician simply because they see advantages to themselves when x,y,z is voted in? Is this not why the politicians have got used to distributing lunch packets, arrack bottles and now money is slipped into envelopes and handed out during elections? With the politicians raising their demands the bribe taking voters have too. All this in the end spells a very doomed future because any amount of handouts can be given before coming to power in order to come to power, but these payments have to be repaid and how does the repayment take place? Ah, it is good if people begin to realize the evil cycle at play and also realize how guilty they too are.

The cross overs after 1965 were all to do with bribes, perks and privileges and even to avoid legal cases against them.

  • 1965 – 13 SLFP MPs led by C P de Silva left the government of Sirimavo Bandaranaike.  did not matter in the very early crossovers in the years 1951 to 65. Allegations were made during the 1965 crossovers that bribes were given by a media group to allure the members to change sides.
  • 1965 – when Dudley Senanayake was PM with a 7 party coalition, Dr. W Dahanayake (one man-party LPP) crossed over against cutting of rice rations, mid-meals for schools and lunch for hospital patients
  • 1999 – 12 SLFP MPS (G L Peiris, Mahinda Wijesekera, S B Dissanayake) crossed over during Chandrika Bandaranaike’s rule crashing her government  (allegations of bribes and perks offered to cross over)
  • 2000 under Ranil Premiership crossovers such as Dr. Sarath Amunugama, Wijepala Mendis, Dr. Stanley Kalpage

It is really difficult to count the number of cross overs over the years but most of the cross overs have been from the UNP to other parties giving us to ask whether UNP has become a training area for people to cross over yet keep their membership in the UNP? The count would place more UNP’ in Parliament since most of the UNPers in Government have not given up their UNP membership.

When Shakespeare said Brutus was an honourable man should we be surprised how many ‘honourable men are inside Diyawanna Oya”?

With elections announced for 2015, the bargaining game has already begun. No doubt foreign players are also involved and a lot of charts and checklists are following the eeny meeny mieni mo game to see who can be paid to be taken and who needs to be paid to remain. It would have been better to keep the announcement of elections as a surprise leaving little room for mischief.

We get the government we deserve and if people themselves continue to tolerate the same clowns proposing to jump and create a new government with the same set of bad eggs it will show that the people are no better than the politicians.

Instead, the political parties must be lobbied to include more youth, qualified and people who have through examples shown commitment to developing the nations through projects that they have innovated. A new system of including talented youth with proven records must be developed and not simply those that look good on paper

VIENNESE EXPERIENCE AND BUDDHIST DEVOUTNESS IN AUSTRIA

October 9th, 2014

Dr. Tilak Fernando

LIFE ABROAD – Part 99
Sepala Munasinghe at a concert in Vienna

Mr. Hilary Abeyratne need not have confined himself to the job of a teacher with meagre emoluments. With his school background of student from the age of eight, Head Prefect, Ryde Gold medalist for Best All-round boy in his period, cricket Lion and family background, he could have got the best position in any blue chip company of his time. But he humbled himself to be of value to Trinity and for that, countless Trinitians have stood in obeisance” (Sharm de Alwis).

‘Hilary Abeyratne should have been the Principal of Trinity College, Kandy, except the fact that his marriage to a Catholic pretty girl (Pelpola) made the Board of Governors take a puerile and a dogmatic decision to veto him, despite he being an Anglican as well as an old Trinitian’! Sepala Munasinghe, an old Trinitian, and an avid reader of ‘Life Abroad Column,’ who makes his own experiences known intermittently, reminisces so. Sepala Munasinghe spent most of his working life in the UK as a Barrister attached to the Middle Temple Chambers at Essex Court.

He recalls Willie Hensman, along with Hilary Abeyratne, teaching History at Trinity. They seemed to have had different techniques of teaching where Hilary Abeyratne taught European history interposing lessons with his personal experiences, whilst Hensman confined strictly to the script – Codrington, Prof. G. C. Mendis, and the Mahavamsa.

Germanic interest

Ephrems was a blind piano tuner with whom Hensman had developed a close association. This resulted in Ephrems to gift his collection of 78-rpm classical records to Hensman; ultimately it helped Hensman to persuade Sepala Munasinghe to captivate in music. Finally Sepala Munasinghe became engrossed with Strauss and Viennese Waltz.

Stimulated by the two history teachers, he developed a lifelong interest in everything Germanic with a special interest in the Austro Hungarian Empire. This urged him to visit Vienna to see and personally experience the cultural heritage of that Empire.

Once, at the entrance to the Senate House of London University, he observed a notice about ‘an arranged German Language Course for beginners at the University of Vienna for a summer vacation’. He made an impulsive decision to register for the course; soon he was on a ferry, crossing the English Channel to reach Ostend and to catch a train to Vienna.

‘The German Bundesbhan (German Railway) true to its reputation was very comfortable. The smoothness at which it moved was only matched by the tranquil nature of the way the mighty Rhine flowed as the train entered the Rhine valley.


Peace Pagoda, Vienna

The statue of Lorelei was on a rock at a narrow part of the river; legend has it that many shipwrecks have stood witness to Lorelei’s beauty due to sailors being distracted and hitting the rocks at this spot’. Passing Mainz and Koblenz with many well manicured German vineyards on the river banks make this one of the most picturesque train journeys to experience.

New surroundings

University authorities arranged Sepala’s accommodation with an Austrian family together with an American student, John, from Harvard. John and Sepala walked daily to the University, crossing the Danube on a bridge, which connected the Prater area to the main road leading to the Uni. So, this was what Strauss composed about the river that was blue”, says Sepala – not much evidence of blue!

The Austrian family was attentive, warmhearted but did not speak a word of English. The University authorities purposely arranged that way, as it was the most effective approach for students who did not speak a word of Deutsch to practice their German. Sepala Munasinghe still remembers the family’s name, but he confesses its best to avoid it being printed in English as it begins with F and ends in a satiric ending (.. ing)!

Once the ice was broken, Sepala realised that John was a member of the American family who once started the famous Singer sewing machine Company. John’s father had given him a list of addresses of restaurants in Vienna and John invited Sepala to join him to visit them. He did at first, but soon realised that he could not match the financial resources of the Singer Sewing Machine Company at John’s disposal with his resources from a then nationalised Omnibus Company in Ceylon! He later discovered a restaurant called OK” underneath the by-pass, near the State Opera where he used to enjoy the most delicious Hungarian goulash!

Café Sacher

Prater area was a deprived part of the city at that time. Most of the posh restaurants and bars were more in Kätnerstrasse area and Vortivkirche. When John and Sepala visited coffee bars occasionally in the evenings in such posh areas, they discovered and enjoyed Sacher torte in the original place at Café Sacher, which was directly opposite the famous Vienna State Opera House.

With his interest in Strauss music, he frequented during his free time Stadtpark (City Park) in Vienna where there was (still is) a magnificent statue of Johann Strauss. Tourists to Vienna would be there in great numbers to see and photograph it. During summer a live band in attendance near it played Strauss waltzes (Jazz) and Polka dances. Sepala used to sit on a bench nearby and enjoy the music whilst looking at all the girls!!

After the Hungarian revolution in 1956, many Hungarian refugees had moved in to Vienna by the summer in 1959. The Prater area being famous for funfair had the prominent giant Ferris wheel erected, which was featured in the film Third Man”. Those Hungarian refugees frequented many dubious looking bars in the area and some Hungarian females used to haunt such bars for a life of easy virtue offering Internacional Liebe” (International ‘love’)!

Austrian culture

Sepala soon realised that the language course was not directed at only learning Deutsche, but also designed to offer the students a taste of Austrian culture in many of its facets. Pupils were taken to see the magnificent castles, churches and museums such as Hofburg, Schönbrunn, Belvedere, Vortivekirche, and Karlskirche. Some evenings they spent at concerts either in the Auditorium of the Uni or at the Wien Musikverrein, home of the Vienna Philharmonic, where the famous New Year concerts were held. During the summer the Vienna State Opera performed at the Salzburg Festival.

During such cultural programs students were exposed to the brewed new wine at the Heuringer (Wine tavern) near Vienna, with three professors in attendance. Prior to ingesting wine, students were asked to raise their glasses in a toast according to their national custom before drinking alcohol. The Professors said Gruß Got” and Prost” to begin with, and followed by Cheers”, Skol” etc. However, when it came to Sepala’s turn he was perplexed and simply blurted out Jayawewa”; to this day that phrase has wedged in his mind and he uses it often in many other contexts as well. The writer observes that in every email he receives from Sepala Munasinghe, the normal English word Regards” or Cheers” is substituted with ‘Jayaweva’!


Buddhist Centre at the Vienna Zentralfriedhoof

Sepala Munasinghe feels that all his Viennese experiences cannot be concluded without making reference to a person of great importance who inspired him and left him a huge impression of what good one can do with perseverance. In this respect Most Venerable the late Hamallawa Saddhatissa, Chief Incumbent of the London Buddhist Vihara, had given the name of Fritz Hungerleider, the President of the Vienna Buddhist Society and his contact details prior to his departure from London.

When Sepala met with him in Vienna, he had ushered Sepala out to lunch at a Balkan Restaurant and enquired whether his palate was used to chili hot food for which he had bravely nodded his head, but when the dish appeared on the table, although it looked innocuous enough, he says, he had never tasted such hot food (dynamite) as the Balkan dish, despite being brought up eating his mother’s Miris malu”.

Fritz Hungerleider was a devout Buddhist and spent his entire life in propagating the ‘Dhamma’ in Europe and, in particular, in Austria. It was mostly to his efforts and devotion that Buddhism has become an officially recognised religion in Austria since 1983.

The study of Buddhism is available to schoolchildren in all nine federal regions of the Austrian Republic as part of the syllabus. There is now a Buddhist segment in the City of Vienna’s main cemetery with a stupa (dome) like entrance to it. There is also a Peace Pagoda built in the riverbanks of the Danube. There are Buddhist Societies now in Salzburg, Graz in addition to many in Vienna. His Holiness the Dalai Lama has visited Austria three times, the last being in 2002 in Graz to speak on Kalachakra for World Peace”.

Sepala Munasinghe says: My attraction to Austria is many fold; the one that has impressed me most is that the original Empire was not built on the backs of the toil and sufferings of huge native populations in other countries, as had been done by other, now defunct Colonial Empires”.

tilakfernando@gmail.com 

– See more at: http://www.dailynews.lk/?q=archives/2014-10-09#sthash.IG9CJWec.dpuf

Ahmadiyya Khalifa explains his recent Ireland Visit

October 9th, 2014

By A. Abdul Aziz.

 (Given below is an excerpt of the Friday Sermon delivered by Hazrat Mirza Masroor Ahmad, Supreme Head of the world-wide Ahmadiyya Muslim Community in Islam, on 3rd October, 2014, at ‘BaithulFuthuh’, London, U.K. gave a discourse on his recent tour to Ireland.

Ahmadiyya Khalifa said:

The Holy Founder of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community Hazrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad –  The Promised Messiah (on whom be peace) said: ‘According to the teachings of Islam the basis of the faith of Islam is only two-fold. Or it could be said that its teaching is based on two main objectives. Firstly, understanding of One God and recognition of His existence; to love and truly obey Him in line with the requisites of love and obedience. The second objective is to expend all one’s faculties in service and compassion of God’s people and to be grateful and gracious to all, from a king to an ordinary person…’

He also said: ‘Teaching of Islam is two-fold: firstly, rights of Allah and secondly, rights of mankind. Rights of Allah include considering Him worthy of obedience and rights of mankind include compassion for God’s creation. It is not good to hurt someone simply due to religious differences.’

There are numerous other similar discourses and writings of the Promised Messiah (on whom be peace) which draw our attention to our obligations; a matter that the world is currently in need of. This indeed is the teaching which when presented to the world astonishes them. When further features and details of Islamic teachings are explained their astonishment increases because on a general level non-Muslims have only been told by anti-Islam circles that Islam is an extremist faith which usurps rights of others. They refer to the practices of certain Muslim organisations as proof of this which unfortunately some Muslim organisations and people are perpetrating.

Reality is unfolded when example of the Holy Qur’an, blessed model of the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be on him) the Rightly Guided Khilafat e Rashida and other Companions (may Allah be pleased with them) is presented before the world. And when it is explained to them that the Promised Messiah (on whom be peace) was sent in this age with this teaching which Ahmadiyya Muslims try to disseminate as well as practice, the world takes note! Huzoor said he has observed that when the facts are expounded well it has a remarkable effect even on hardened detractors.

In this sermon, Ahmadiyya Khalifa gave some details of how during his recent Irish tour Islamic teachings as explained by him during his Friday sermon and his address at a reception had positive effect on our guests in Galway. His Holiness said Ahmadis must have seen the broadcast of both the events on MTA. Furthermore His Holiness expounded Islamic teachings during interviews, talks with politicians and various well-versed people which were very well received. Huzoor said it is a good quality of the Irish that they openly express their positive or negative impressions, or if they do not like what they hear they keep their own counsel and do not praise something needlessly.

The day after His Holiness arrived in Ireland the Ahmadiyya community (Jama’at) there had organised a meeting at the Parliament House with some Parliamentarians including the Speaker of the national parliament. He is a very affable, open-minded and fair person. He said he knows about the Jama’at and values its works and said that although the Jama’at in Ireland was small it was very active. He has also personally experienced the efforts of the Jama’at in Africa. His Holiness gave him further information about Jama’at’s services in Africa including building hospitals, providing fresh water and other humanitarian works. What amazed the Speaker the most was that students in our schools in Africa were free to follow their own religious studies and were not bound to study Islam. He was surprised because Christian schools only teach the Bible. The Speaker also said that there are also Christian extremists in places but Christianity is never blamed for their acts. However, wrongdoing by any Muslim is attributed to his religion.

Ahmadiyya Khalifa said he met many parliamentarians in a cordial atmosphere. Huzoor told them about the advent of the Promised Messiah (on whom be peace) in accordance with the prophecy of the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be on him). Perhaps some politicians think that we like to keep ourselves separate from other Muslims. One question was put to His Holiness about the possibility of a platform to come together with our Muslim opponents for talks. he told them that we are always ready but the other side would not come. His Holiness explained that recently BBC planned a programme in which our young team member was invited to present his views and the other side was also invited. When they realised that an Ahmadi was going to be on the programme they refused to come. They know they do not have anything in response to our facts and arguments except lies. His Holiness said freedom of women was also discussed at the Irish Parliament which satisfied them. As regards sectarianism Ahmadiyya Khalifa informed them that sectarian divide in Islam was prophesised long ago and it was also the fundamental reason for the formation of Ahmadiyyat Jama’at. All the information was very well received.

Five of the parliamentarians His Holiness met in Dublin also came to the Friday night reception in Galway which took place after the inauguration of the mosque. Other guests at the reception included five senators, members of the City Council, Chief Superintendent of Galway police, representative of the Bishop of Galway, who is also a Bishop in his own right, councillors, doctors, teachers, engineers, lawyers and others. The reception took place in a cordial atmosphere.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VdjBGoaMem0

An Irish politician said that the reception had uplifted his spirits and he was most impressed with His Holiness’ address. He said his view on Islam had completely changed. He said he has a friend who lives in Saudi Arabia and what he tells him about Islam was contrary to what was heard at the reception.

Deputy Mayor of Galway County said that he was delighted to see various faiths coming together at the reception and he welcomed Islam Ahmadiyyat to Galway.

Deputy Speaker of the national parliament said the reception was a lovely event and His Holiness’ address full of love and peace was most encouraging. He remarked that the message of love was most powerful.

Another guest said that he was delighted to attend and would now take the message he received to others.

Another guest said he was heartened to see people from different backgrounds coming together at the reception. He hoped that the reception would herald open-mindedness in Irish society so that everyone could live together in a positive atmosphere and an excellent future could be forged for Ireland.

His Holiness remarked such is the teaching of Islam which the Jama’at spreads which even compels others to adopt it.

Another guest remarked that undoubtedly people are frightened of Islam these days. However he felt that a lesson in religious tolerance was conveyed at the reception and Ahmadiyya Head had made the guests aware of the Islamic teaching of love and peace which they found most assuring. He felt he had learnt a lot from the event.

A guest felt that His Holiness had touched upon very significant matters in his address and everyone listening to Huzoor appeared impressed. He also remarked that Huzoor had mentioned the contradictions within the world of Islam today.

Many guest expressed that they had found the true teachings of Islam at the reception. Many felt His Holiness’ address was replete with wisdom and touched hearts. They were impressed with His Holiness’ message of peace and his elucidation of Jihad and felt that the name of the mosque conveyed a message of harmony and accord.

A councillor from Galway County wished for our message to resonate in the world and also wished that we become true ambassadors of the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be on him). His Holiness remarked that here we see Christians not only extending respect to the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be on him) but also praying for his message to be disseminated.

A lady guest from the Education Foundation Dublin commended the name of the mosque and said that His Holiness’  address informed her about the status of Hazrat Maryam in Islam and how the Holy Qur’an has extoled her. She found this a charming aspect which should be told to all the Christians who are against Islam. She said she did not have any knowledge of Islam but was suitably impressed after listening to Huzoor’s address.

A lady journalist guest said that she was not familiar with Islam but had spent the entire day at the mosque and had listened to the Friday sermon and also Ahmadiyya Khalifa’s  address at the reception. She said she could only deduce from all this that Islam was a peaceable religion and she had experienced first-hand how affable Ahmadis were!

A lady guest said that the only picture of Islam she had was the one fed by the media. However, after listening to His Holiness’ address she appreciates Islam’s peaceful message.

A councillor said he used to think that all Muslims were as portrayed by the media but he was most impressed with His Holiness’ address, especially his message of peace and the motto of love for all hatred for none. He said he had no doubt that Ahmadis practiced what they preached. He felt the world was in great need of this message and needs to be told that there is a community within Islam which only spreads message of love.

Ahmadiyya Khalifa said rather than simply be delighted by these comments we should realise that they increase our sense of responsibility.

A lady councillor guest said that everyone was a little tense before coming to the reception but were assured after hearing Ahmadiyya Head say in his address that the guests present would have some misgivings and apprehensions about Islam.

A journalist guest remarked that Huzoor’s address was most thought-provoking. He also appreciated that Huzoor mentioned in his address that extremists have distorted the teaching of Islam. He felt His Holiness presented the fine teaching of Islam and said he had gained a lot of knowledge. He said he has known the Jama’at for eleven years but his appreciation of the Jama’at had further increased on the day.

A member of the national assembly first expressed her thanks. She then said she was aware that Ahmadis were active members of society and how Ahmadi women give to charitable causes.

Ahmadiyya Supreme Head said it is good to be involved in charitable causes as this also introduces the Jama’at to others and opens further avenues of Tabligh (preaching).

Chief Superintendent of Galway said that he was privileged to attend the reception. He remarked that he was very well aware that Islam Ahmadiyyat did not promote extremist views rather it taught religious tolerance. He said this was the reason the mosque was named after Hazrat Maryam. He said he was delighted that we had chosen Galway to build the mosque. In his capacity as a police officer he gave the Jama’at assurance of safety and protection!

Ahmadiyya Khalifa said in Pakistan and other countries our mosques are vandalised and desecrated and all this is done in the name of Islam and here in the Christian world people are honoured that we have chosen their city to build our mosque. In places like Indonesia and Pakistan extremist actions are taken against us in the presence of and with the backing of police but police of a Christian country is giving as assurance of safety! While these people have adopted the morals that Islam teaches, Muslims have abandoned them!

A seasoned politician who was first elected in 1999 and served as Minister for Communities and Rural Affairs from 2002 to 2010 and became the Minister for Social Protection in 2010 said that he had also attended the foundation laying ceremony of the mosque in 2010 and was delighted to be present at its inauguration. He said he was very impressed with the teaching of love and accord of the Jama’at and the Jama’at had proved that it worked on the ethos of its high objectives. He said he was most impressed with the way Jama’at held world religion conferences and brought different faiths together on one platform.

The owner of a sound system company which had helped with work on the mosque said that he was a church going Catholic. However, he said he had felt a change in his life after coming to the mosque where he had found peace. He said he could never find God in the church but when he witnessed His Holiness lead Salat (prayer) he found God in the mosque. He said he had taken the posture of prostration (sajdah) with His Holiness. He said although he does not know Salat, he repeated the Salat postures of Ahmadis and said that he prayed a lot for Ahmadis while in prostration posture.

 Press is a great source of Tabligh (preaching) of the message of Islam. In Ireland TG4, an Irish language television channel with 5 million viewers gave the news of the mosque and showed His Holiness delivering his Friday sermon. A radio station RT Radio with one million listeners also recorded His Holiness’ Friday sermon and interviewed him and broadcasted it unedited. The RT Radio presenter asked His Holiness that while the motto of the Jama’at was love for all hatred for none, the opposite was going on in the Muslim world and did it not worry His Holiness? He replied to him that Islam teaches not to perpetrate cruelty, not to persecute others and this was the true Islam that we followed. And this was the basis of our motto love for all, hatred for none. Islam teaches us that there is One God and Muhammad is His Messenger and God is Lord of all the worlds and it is stated about the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be on him) that he is mercy for all the worlds, for the entire mankind. Now, when the belief is that there is only One God Who nurtures and sustains all the worlds and there is one Prophet who is mercy for all mankind, then how could Islamic teaching have anything to do with usurping the rights of others? He asked His Holiness about Taliban and ISIS and His Holiness told him they were misguided and in the wrong. He asked Ahmadiyya Khalifa’s view on the world situation. he told him that the world was rapidly getting engulfed in disorder and turmoil. This is not only going on in the Muslim world but Eastern European countries are also heading this way. If patience is not demonstrated if peace efforts are not made then a great calamity can be upon us which would be WW III. This was also mentioned in their news.

Our Irish Sadr and missionary-in-charge were also interviewed. Galway FM radio with more than a hundred thousand listeners broadcast it. Irish Times is a national newspaper. It covered our news on three quarters of a page with His Holiness’ photograph and images of the mosque. They had also interviewed His Holiness and published some of his quotes. The readership of this newspaper is 181,000 whereas its online version receives 184,000 hits.

While interviewing His Holiness, the paper asked what the difference between Ahmadis and other Muslims was. His Holiness explained that the difference was exactly in line with a prophecy of the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be on him). The Khalifa told them that while the mosque of non-Ahmadi Muslims were full of worshippers they were devoid of guidance. He told them that ours were not mere words that a reformer was needed and he came and that Khilafat can be established just because someone says so. His Holiness explained that there were heavenly signs accompanying all this like the solar and the lunar eclipses.

Overall the media coverage including television, radio and newspapers was good and the Jama’at received positive introduction. His Holiness said wherever we build mosques God facilitates extraordinary opportunities to spread the message of true Islam. His Holiness said it was also a great favour of God that his tours abroad were extraordinarily blessed by God.

All these blessings open new avenues of Tabligh (preaching) and introduction of Jama’at in accordance with the promises God made to the Promised Messiah (on whom be peace). Our effort is very small but it receives boundless grace and bounty of God which further strengthens the faith of each Ahmadi.

The Promised Messiah (on whom be peace) said: ‘It is amazing that eyes of these people are not opened even though Allah the Exalted is making the truth shine through abundantly and forcefully in support of our mission. It is also a way of Allah that the allegations of those who accuse others of falsehood attract His Signs.’ Promised Messiah also said: ‘Once an opponent wrote me a letter saying that people have not left any stone unturned in opposing you. But we do not understand one thing, which is that in spite of this opposition you succeed in everything!’

 Ahmadiyya Supreme Head said people still ask this question today but God’s help and support is with the Promised Messiah (on whom be peace) which they do not want to see. Their so-called leaders have pulled wool over their eyes in such a way that rather than reach out for light they are looking for darkness. They are experiencing Divine displeasure again and again but do not care. Natural disasters, the pitifully state of the Muslim world and the murder and mayhem does not make them ponder as to what is happening to them! Are they recipients of Divine blessings and thus also attracting the world to the blessings or are they repelling the world? May God make them get out of the snare of the so-called, self-serving leaders and practice the true teaching of Islam and accept the Imam who was sent by God! They continue to martyr our people but do they get any inner peace by martyring one Ahmadi? If not daily then weekly hundreds of their own are being killed! There is turmoil and restlessness everywhere in Pakistan. His Holiness prayed that may God also enable us to discharge our obligations well.

The English translation of the sermon – the video link of which is:-

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AsINB_mZX_o

World Fellowship of Buddhists (China) Conference 2014 Resolution to establish Standing Committee on ‘Buddhism on the Internet’

October 9th, 2014

Senaka Weeraratna Hony.Secretary German Dharmaduta Society

The 27th General Conference of the World Fellowship of Buddhists  will be held in Baoji, Shaanxi Province, China from 14 – 19th October, 2014. This is the first time that WFB will be having a General Conference in the People’s Republic of China.

The German Dharmaduta Society (based in Sri Lanka) being a Regional Centre of the WFB, has submitted three (3) Resolutions to the WFB to establish three Standing Committees on:

1) Animal Welfare

2) Conflict Resolution, and

3) Buddhism on the Internet

The following is the text of the Resolution relating to Buddhism on the Internet.

  THE 27th GENERAL CONFERENCE OF THE WFB

 PROPOSED RESOLUTION FORM

 based on Rules of Procedure for General Conference of the World Fellowship of Buddhists

(Article V – Resolutions)

 

  1. Name of the Host of the Resolution (Proposer)

Senaka Weeraratna

Hony.Secretary

German Dharmaduta Society

Email: senaka.weera@gmail.com

 

  1. The Title of the Resolution

Proposal to establish a Standing Committee on ‘Buddhism on the Internet’

 

  1. The Conceptual Frame-Work of the Resolution

Buddhism has within it a social dimension that can address global problems, a way to “heal the wounds of the world”. This way is the Buddha’s Noble Eightfold Path, the practice of which while personal, requiring individual effort has consequences that are deeply social.

The challenge that Buddhism faces today is not with the Dharma itself, the Buddha’s teaching – as the timeless message embedded in the Four Noble Truths maintains its validity – but how to present this ancient teaching as a meaningful alternative to people who have been shaped by the values of the consumer society.

There is a new era of technological innovation sweeping the world, which has spawned a new medium – the Internet and the Broadband a very powerful communications network and learning environment. The Internet should not be seen as just a new way to disseminate or repackage the Buddha’s teachings but potentially as a base for an innovative online Dharma Community.

Buddhism with its ancient teaching and cultures must seize the opportunity and adapt itself so that it can make a meaningful contribution to the social and spiritual needs of the inhabitants of this planet via this new medium. The Internet gives us many opportunities to promote Buddhist values, understandings and Insights on a global scale.

Equally important is the question;  how can one know that what is disseminated  and freely available on the Internet is an authentic Buddhist Teaching or not?

The possibilities for misleading presentations on Buddhism affecting the perceptions of readers cannot be ruled out. In a day and age where there is a clear shift in focus and interest towards the study and learning of  Buddhism in particular by the West as well as the East it is imperative that the custodians of Buddhism realize the dangers of distortion of Buddhist teachings on the Internet and take steps to correct them.

It is therefore proposed that a Standing Committee be appointed and under the auspices of the WFB a team of reputed Buddhist Scholars comprising both clergy and lay people be mandated to go through all Buddhist sites particularly Wikipedia entries on Buddhism and create authentic and accurate Buddhist content and  links that would be appreciated by both Buddhists and non-Buddhists alike.

Note:  The above text is largely drawn from an article entitled ‘E-Learning Buddhism on the Internet’ by Venerable Pannyavaro and based on a presentation made in Colombo, Sri Lanka in 2001.

See

http://www.buddhanet.net/gds-speech.htm

 

  1. How the Proposed Resolution will be implemented if it is adopted by the General Conference

It requires appropriate use of Buddhist Scholarship currently available in tertiary institutions and Buddhist temples and Buddhist institutions of higher learning and strategically directed towards editing Buddhism related content in Wikipedia, among others.

  1. Participation and allocation of the budgets by those concerned for realization of the Resolution.

This is largely volunteer work by Buddhist scholars who would need to be invited to engage in this valuable task by a prestigious body like the WFB

 

  1. Observation and/or recommendation (if any)

Much of learning today including Buddhist learning is Internet driven. Broadband  has brought world wide attention on the discourses of the Buddha resulting in a phenomenal increase of followers of Buddhism on line. The success of Buddhism in the future would therefore largely depend on how the resources of the Internet are handled astutely by the custodians of Buddhism.                                                                                                     …………………………….

Senaka Weeraratna

Hony. Secretary, German Dharmaduta Society

Real motive for the assassination of SWRD Bandaranaike – communal mindism?

October 8th, 2014

Chanaka Bandarage

 Some say the assassination of Prime Minister, SWRD Bandaranaike, was a CIA plot.  Given his conduct as a socialist Prime Minister, it is somewhat justifiable to make such an assumption, but, there is no evidence to that effect.

Various other conspiracy theories have emerged as a result of the assassination; it is not the intention of this article to assess them.

It is not unfair to wonder whether or not Somarama killed Bandaranaike to stop him from implementing the Bandaranaike – Chelvanayakam pact.  There is strong justification to form such a belief.

True Bandaranaike made Sinhala the official language; thereby sometimes he is branded as an extremist  Sinhalese.  But,  one should not dismiss the fact that owing to the backlash of his ‘Sinhala Only’ act, Bandaranaike  presented the Bandaranaike-Chelvanayakam pact to the nation, which was at that time seen  very detrimental to the Sinhala Buddhist.  JR Jayawardane organised the famous march from Colombo to Kandy in protest of the pact.  Immediately after shooting Bandaranaike, Somarama uttered the words  ‘country, race and religion’(‘රට, ජාතිය, ආගම’);. these are words of an extremist, not of a CIA agent  or someone with a different motive.

Looking back at Somarama, one could see that he led the life of a genuine Sinhalese Buddhist.  He was born to a Sinhala Buddhist family in Matara; became a monk when he was 14.  He was ordained at the age of 21. He worked as a lecturer attached to the Government College of Ayurveda in Borella. He resided at  Amaravihara and also ran an Ayurvedic eye clinic in Borella.

There were two other accused;  Mapitigama Buddharakkitha  Thero  and HP (Hemachandra Piyasena) Jayawardena.  These two Sinhalese were also ardent Buddhists.   Buddharakkitha was an extremely powerful monk of the time.  At the time of the murder, he was the brainchild in the huge campaign against the Bandaranaike-Chelvanayakam pact.   A large number of Buddhist priests demonstrated against  the pact and demanded that Bandaranaike abrogate it.

Buddharakkitha was also the mastermind behind the Bandaranaike assassination.  It was alleged and later proven in court that he planned the assassination; gave directions to Somarama and Jayawardane to carry out the murder.

It was a most horrendous, gruesome crime.  The first political assassination of the newly independent nation, Sri Lanka (then Ceylon).

In the trial it was alleged that Buddharakkitha’s  primary motive for the killing of Bandaranaike was ‘business’.

It was alleged that Buddharakkitha hated Bandaranaike for not helping him in his business ventures.   There is no doubt this was true.  The co-accused  Jayawardane was a business associate of Buddharakkitha.

But, pronouncement of such a (main) motive for the murder, disregarding other motive/s by the prosecution was incorrect.  Holding of such a  belief amounts  to speculation.   Most of the time in legal matters (also in real life) decisions based on speculation turns out to be wrong.

It is reasonable to believe that the prosecution was careful not to  mention the Bandaranaike –Chelvanayakam pact as the probable reason for Buddharakkitha’s motivation to kill.  This may have been a deliberate act on their part.  The Government definitely did not want to create a martyrdom for the two murderous monks, within sections of the Sinhalese Buddhist society.  Also, revelation of such a possible motive may have diminished the public sympathy for the dead Prime Minister and the then incumbent Government, headed by the deceased Prime Minister’s widow (world’s first female Prime Minister).

Inferences can be made from a person’s conduct.   It is reasonable to infer that Buddharakkitha masterminded the murder to stop the implementation of the Bandaranaike – Chelvanayakam pact; this must have been the main motive for the killing.  Of course, his personal animosity with the Prime Minister must have also played a part in forming the motive.   Somarama, the strong nationalist, would have never got involved in the murder,  unless the killing in his eyes was political.

it is only Buddharakkitha, the mastermind, who died in the prison in 1967 at the age of 46, knew the precise motive; no one else.  It is believed Buddharakkitha never uttered the real motive to anyone (he never admitted the murder).

Notwithstanding the real motive, the murder of the country’s then Prime Minister, SWRD Bandaranaike by the two Buddhist monks and the layman in 1959 must be thoroughly condemned  by all in all proportions.

With the death of Bandaranaike, the Bandaranaike-Chelvanayakam pact also died.

The writer is a Lawyer

 chanakab@hotmail.com

 

Sri Lanka should be judged in proportion to the challenges faced by a country emerging from a 30 year terrorist conflict – Ambassador Aryasinha tells the Human Rights Committee in Geneva  

October 8th, 2014

Permanent Mission of Sri Lanka Geneva

8 October 2014

Sri Lanka’s Permanent Representative to the UN in Geneva and Leader of the Sri Lanka delegation to the Human Rights Committee Ambassador Ravinatha Aryasinha asked the Human Rights Committee to judge Sri Lanka in proportion to the challenges Sri Lanka has continued to face as a country emerging from a 30 year terrorist conflict”.

The Ambassador made this observation in responding to comments made during the consideration of Sri Lanka’s 5th Periodic Report under the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) by the Human Rights Committee, which was held on                                   7-8 October 2014 in Geneva. The Human Rights Committee comprises a body of independent experts from 18 countries that monitors implementation of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights by its State parties.

Responding to a question raised by the Committee as to why the PTA is still in existence in Sri Lanka, Ambassador Aryasinha said Sri Lanka does not shy away from making considered choices and is adept at differentiating, in the best interest of its people. He recalled that notwithstanding security concerns, the government had speedily resettled almost all internally displaced persons, that out of approximately 12,000 LTTE ex-combatants who have been reintegrated into society, all but 114 are undergoing rehabilitation, and 84 are under legal proceedings, and that in 2011 the government had allowed emergency to lapse, which at the time many felt was too hasty. In spite of concerns raised, the Government of Sri Lanka had taken these calculated risks.  He said, the government had to keep the PTA in effect, albeit reluctantly, due to recent incidents pointing to attempts at the resurgence of terrorism in Sri Lanka with involvement of external networks. He pointed out that such caution was also taken by many governments who have had to face the threat of terrorism.

In his opening statement, the Ambassador welcomed the opportunity to interact with the Human Rights Committee, and through it to continue the constructive engagement Sri Lanka has maintained with the processes of the UN human rights mechanisms.

Tracing the dramatic transformation that had taken place in Sri Lanka since the country last presented its report to the Human Rights Committee in 2003, the  Ambassador also referred to an observation made by the Committee’s Chair Sir Nigel Rodley, at the opening of the current session of the Human Rights Committee, that “what was happening in Syria and Iraq with respect to a group that was pursuing policies that were simply the antithesis of universal values and human rights standards,” and a brazen challenge to the international community”. He reminded the Committee that Sri Lanka also overcame a similar brazen challenge, when in 2009 it defeated the ruthless terror of the LTTE, a group that also claimed a mono-ethnic state glorifying murder. He said that “it is fortunate that on what is happening today, the international community is taking note, coming together to meet the threat and is exercising remedies for it. He recalled that however for us in Sri Lanka, while terrorism began in the early 1980s, it was not until 1992 when Shri Rajiv Gandhi, the former Prime Minister of India was killed that the world started recognising the ruthlessness of the LTTE. It was not until 1996 when the US banned the LTTE that the Western world recognised our problem. And it was only after 2001 following 9/11 that actually this question got any real attention”.

Ambassador Aryasinha said Sri Lanka views the promotion and protection of human rights not as an end in itself but as an indispensable component of peace building and reconciliation following a three decade long conflict against separatist terrorism. In a country where no one was spared the horrors of terrorism, the government of Sri Lanka has succeeded in restoring to the entirety of Sri Lanka’s population the most important right – the right to life. He said the Committee should look at the ensuing developments relating to civil and political rights in Sri Lanka in this context. The Government has taken measures to ensure sustainable peace and reconciliation and rapid development in the country, as it is an important step to ensure the full enjoyment of civil and political rights by all.

The Government delegation led by Ambassador Aryasinha, comprised Mr. S.B Divaratne, Advisor to the President and Secretary, Special Bureau of Reconciliation, Mr. Janaka Sugathadasa, Secretary, Ministry of Resettlement, Mr. Eric Illayapparachchi, Secretary, Ministry of Child Development and Women’s Affairs, Mr. Nimal Kotawalagedara, Addl. Secretary, Ministry of Rehabilitation and Prison Reforms, Mr. K.D.S. Ruwanchandra, Addl. Secretary, Ministry of Law and Order, Mrs. Bimba Jayasinghe Tillekeratne, PC, Senior Additional Solicitor General,  Mrs. Samantha Jayasuriya, Deputy Permanent Representative of Sri Lanka in Geneva, Ms. Sashikala Premawardhane, Senior Assistant Secretary, Ministry of Defence, Mr. Nerin Pulle, Deputy Solicitor General, Attorney General’s Department, Mr. Sugeeshwara Gunaratna, Director, Ministry of External Affairs, Ms. Priyanga Wickramasinghe, Minister Counsellor, Permanent Mission of Sri Lanka in Geneva, Mr. Rajiv Goonetilleke, Senior State Counsel and Ms. Dilini Gunasekera, Second Secretary, Permanent Mission of Sri Lanka in Geneva.

Full Statement is given below

 

Introductory Statement of H.E. Mr. Ravinatha P. Aryasinha Ambassador / Permanent Representative of Sri Lanka Leader of the Sri Lanka delegation

 At the Presentation of

Sri Lanka’s 5th Periodic Report

Submitted under the

International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR)

 07 October, 2014

The Permanent Mission of Sri Lanka to the

United Nations and other International Organizations in Geneva

Mr. Chairman, distinguished members of the Committee,

  1. It is an honour for my delegation to have this interaction with the Human Rights Committee to present Sri Lanka’s 5th Periodic Report under the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) and to continue the constructive engagement we have maintained with the processes of the Human Rights Council. We recognize that the Covenant on Civil and Political Rights together with the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights and the Universal Declaration on Human Rights, form the core pillars upon which the International Bill of Rights and the international human rights system has been constructed.
  1. We acknowledge the onerous responsibility of this Committee and look forward to
    a fruitful and constructive dialogue with its Members. To facilitate this task, the Government of Sri Lanka has included relevant senior officials who have hands on experience on the issues that we will be discussing in this forum, from the Ministries of Child Development and Women’s Affairs, Resettlement, Defence, Rehabilitation and Prison Reforms, Law and Order, External Affairs and also representatives from the Attorney General’s Department and the Bureau for Reconciliation.

Protracted Conflict period

Mr. Chairman,

  1. Sri Lanka’s last formal interaction with this Committee took place in 2003, when a short lived cessation of hostilities prevailed between the Government and the LTTE, the terrorist organization which at the time had unlawful control of 1/3 of the country’s land mass and 2/3 of its coastline. However as with several such previous endeavours towards a negotiated settlement sought by successive governments of Sri Lanka during the conflict which lasted nearly 30 years, the LTTE, having used the period only to re-arm and re-group, violated the ceasefire agreement (CFA) by resuming its killing spree, most prominently by assassinating Hon. Lakshman Kadirgamar, the former Foreign Minister of Sri Lanka in August 2005. The Sri Lanka Monitoring Mission (SLMM) comprising delegates from Scandinavian countries who observed the CFA, ruled that the terrorist group had continued to violate the CFA through assassinations, abductions, extortions and recruitment of child soldiers and forced conscription. During all these years, the challenge which confronted successive governments was the preservation of human rights in the context of violent acts of terrorism perpetrated by LTTE.
  1. Chairman, you described in your opening comments, that what was happening with respect to the group that was claiming statehood in Syria and Iraq and pursuing policies were simply the antithesis of universal values and human rights standards.” What Sri Lanka overcame was a similar brazen challenge”, when it defeated the ruthless terror of the LTTE in 2009, a group that similarly claimed a mono-ethnic state glorifying murder.
  1. As the members of the Committee would be aware, successive Governments and the people of Sri Lanka suffered for almost three decades at the hands of a ruthless terrorist organization, the LTTE, which was proscribed by many countries including the US, India, the European Union, and Canada. Repeated attempts at peace talks and ceasefires were violated by this group. The Government of President Mahinda Rajapaksa who was elected to office in November 2005, also engaged in two rounds of peace talks with the LTTE. In the face of continued intransigence by the terrorist group that closed a vital sluice gate at Mavil Aru which provided water for drinking and irrigation to parts of the Eastern Province, the Government was compelled to intervene militarily on humanitarian grounds to protect the basic human rights of over50,000 people (belonging to 15, 000 families) to life, water, livelihood and other rights, which have been recognized in International law including human rights law, as well as by a number of UN political declarations and the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR). This action on the part of the terrorist group is an example of the scant regard it had for the rights of the Tamil people that it claimed to represent.
  1. This process resulted in liberating the people of the entire Eastern province from the control of the LTTE by July 2007, which was then followed by a prolonged military campaign in the Northern province which took over two years as the LTTE continued to hold civilians as human shields. The Sri Lankan security forces defeated the LTTE in May 2009, bringing almost 300,000 civilians including over 12,000 ex-combatants through safe corridors, also effectively liberating the entire country from the threat of the LTTE.
  1. It must be remembered that the hallmark of the government’s approach during and after the conflict was the centrality of all its citizens.  I wish to point out that during the entirety of the conflict, the Government continuously supplied food, medicines and other essential requirements to the citizens who were under terrorist dominated areas. This was done through agencies such as the ICRC, despite being fully conscious that much of the supplies meant for civilians were being taken away by the terrorists for their use. This process of providing humanitarian assistance was coordinated and monitored by the Consultative Committee on Humanitarian Assistance (CCHA) comprising the Co-Chairs of the Peace Process (US, EU, Japan and Norway) and all the UN Agencies based in Colombo.  This prompted former Special Rapporteur on IDPs Dr.  Francis Deng to single out Sri Lanka’s action for commendation. Dr. Deng has stated, Sri Lanka represents an unusual situation of a Central Government providing relief aid to persons under the control of a main opposition group. In a world replete with examples of Government and rebel groups using food as a weapon against civilian populations, the situation in Sri Lanka is one that deserves closer attention if not more publicity as an important precedent.[1]

Post-Conflict Period

Mr. Chairman,

  1. Sri Lanka firmly believes that equal enjoyment of human rights without discrimination is the best guarantee of non-repetition of conflict. To this end the Government is committed to the realization of all rights: civil and political, economic, social and cultural including the right to development, for its citizens which is recognized as important for the future wellbeing and collective progress of all.
  1. Sri Lanka views the promotion and protection of human rights not as an end in itself but as an indispensable component of peace building and reconciliation following a three decade long conflict against separatist In a country where no one was spared the horrors of terrorism, the government of Sri Lanka has succeeded in restoring to the entirety of Sri Lanka’s population the most important right, the right to life. We believe that the distinguished members of this Committee would look at the ensuing developments relating to civil and political rights in Sri Lanka in this context.
  1. When the conflict ended on 19 May 2009, Sri Lanka faced unprecedented post-conflict challenges. The Government had to respond to the immediate humanitarian needs of the people and the restoration of socio-economic and civil and political rights of the people in the North and the East who had been deprived of their rights by the terrorist group. The Government restored the democratic framework including the civil administration system in the Northern and Eastern Provinces making them fully functional. Local government and provincial council elections were held in both the Northern and Eastern Provinces. While Provincial Council elections in the Eastern Province were held after 1988, in the Northern Province, Provincial Council elections were held for the first time in September 2013. Although Sri Lanka has enjoyed uninterrupted democracy since 1931, Provincial Council elections in the Northern Province were delayed by more than two decades because of the refusal of the terrorist group to politically empower the people in the North. Today, the Tamil National Alliance is in control of provincial administration in the Northern Province. The Government has also taken measures to ensure sustainable peace and reconciliation and rapid development, in the country, as it is an important step to ensure the full enjoyment of civil and political rights by all. Action continues to be taken in de-mining, resettlement, rehabilitation, reconstruction, socio-economic development in the former theatre of conflict together with political empowerment, which my delegation will detail in the presentations to follow.

Meeting international obligations and engagement with the UN

Mr. Chairman,

  1. In the period since presenting our last report, consistent with its international obligations, Sri Lanka has made progress in meeting its international obligations. In addition to the enactment of the ICCPR Act No. 56 of 2007, this includes the following:
  • Enactment of Prevention of Domestic Violence Act of 2005
  • Ratification of the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the sale of children, 
child prostitution and child pornography (OP-CRC-SC) in 2006
  • Signing the Convention on theRights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) in 2007
  • Incorporating amendments to the Act No. 28 of 1996 on Protection of the Rights of Persons with Disabilities” in order to bring it in line with the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities.
  1. In line with its treaty body commitments, Sri Lanka continues to engage and submit its periodic reports to the respective treaty bodies. Sri Lanka’s 3rd and 4th Report to the Committee Against Torture came under consideration in November 2011. Sri Lanka submitted its 5th report under the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) in October 2012. In September 2013, it responded to the Concluding Observations of the Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW). Currently, the Government’s 5th report under the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR) is under preparation. The Government is in the process of preparing its reports due in 2015 under the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC), the Convention on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW), the Convention Against Torture (CAT), and the Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of their Families (CMW).
  1. Sri Lanka continues its proactive engagement with the Human Rights Council, the OHCHR, the UN system, including the Joint Needs Assessment with UNOCHA and through the UN Development Assistance Framework (UNDAF) 2013 – 2017 signed between the Government and the UNDP. This provides for cooperation on human rights and good governance, as well as sustainable and inclusive economic growth with equitable access to quality social services, strengthened human capabilities and reconciliation for lasting peace”
  1. In 2013 the Government of Sri Lanka received the High Commissioner for Human Rights Ms. Navenethem Pillay to Sri Lanka on a week-long, comprehensive visit which included travel to the former conflict affected areas in the North and the East; the Special Rapporteur on the Human Rights of Internally Displaced Persons. In 2014, Sri Lanka received the Special Rapporteur on the Human Rights of Migrants. These visits and exposure enabled Sri Lanka to demonstrate firsthand, the tangible progress on the ground with regard to reconciliation and in advancing civil and political rights. The Government has extended an invitation to the new High Commissioner for Human Rights as well and has already begun engaging with him constructively.
  1. In continuation of the Government’s engagement with Special Procedures Mandate Holders, while an invitation has already been extended to the Special Rapporteur on Education, invitations would be considered to other Special Rapporteurs as mutually convenient and taking into account national imperatives. While Sri Lanka’s regular engagement with the Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances (WGEID) continues, a bilateral interaction took place in Geneva last month, as part of our ongoing engagement with the Chair and members of the WGEID. The Government of Sri Lanka has also announced that it will seek to process the request for a visit to Sri Lanka by the WGEID once the work of the Presidential Commission on Missing Persons (COI) in Sri Lanka concludes its work, as the findings of the latter could have some correlation with that of the Working Group.

Mr. Chairman,

  1. Since the last submission before this Committee, Sri Lanka has participated in two UPR cycles – in 2008 and in 2012, where it accepted a number of recommendations for implementation. The National Plan of Action for the Promotion and Protection of Human Rights 2011-2016 (NHRAP) was a commitment that grew out of our initial UPR Review in 2008. Some recommendations contained in Sri Lanka’s Lessons Learnt and Reconciliation Commission (LLRC) Report fall under the ambit and scope of the NHRAP and efforts continue to consolidate our gains and to systematically address the various issues and challenges in the field of human rights. We will provide additional briefing on how we have embarked upon our domestic reconciliation mechanism, based on the recommendations of the LLRC and undertaken commitments, during the course of our discussion.
  1. Conscious that reconciliation is a multifaceted process, and consistent with assurances made, in order to achieve justice, accountability and reconciliation the Government embarked on a domestic mechanism, the Lessons Learnt and Reconciliation Commission (LLRC), in order to strengthen the national reconciliation process and ensure the dividends of peace to all Sri Lankans and the full development of human rights that evaded the population for 30 years due to the conflict. Since the public release of the LLRC Report in December 2011, the Government is in the process of implementation of the recommendations of the LLRC under the National Plan of Action (NPoA) with main focus on areas such as IHL Issues, Human Rights, Land Return and Resettlement, restitution/Compensatory Relief and Reconciliation. Consistent with the recommendations of the LLRC, the Parliamentary Select Committee (PSC) which was set up in November 2012 to achieve a multi-party consensus in respect of political and constitutional measures continues to endeavour to fulfil its mandate. Despite calling for a political solution, the persistent refusal of the Tamil National Alliance (TNA) to participate in this process has been a serious impediment to achieving this objective. In September 2014, the ‘Special Bureau for Reconciliation’ was set up to assist the Committee headed by Secretary to the President to effectively monitor the progress of line ministries and agencies implementing LLRC Recommendations. The Special Bureau will function under the authority of Secretary to the President and carryout tasks entrusted to it facilitate the operationalization of the National Plan of Action.
  1. A three-member Presidential Commission of Inquiry on Missing Persons (COI) in the Northern and Eastern Provinces appointed in August 2013 has made progress, in executing their mandate. During 7 sittings already held in Killinochchi, Jaffna, Batticaloa, Mullaitivu and Mannar, the COI has received 19,471 complaints including over 5000 from the relatives of the security forces. In order to better execute its obligations and responsibilities, the Chair of the COI requested from the Government, assistance of international experts in the fields of international human rights and humanitarian law. As requested, the President appointed a five-member Advisory Council which includes internationally recognised experts to advise the Commission on matters pertaining to their work.
  1. A Bill of Assistance to and protection of Victims of Crime and Witnesses” which safeguards the rights of victims and witnesses has been presented to Parliament in September 2014. The salient features of the Bill include, inter alia, the recognition and setting out of rights of victims of crime and entitlements of witnesses; creation of certain offences that may be committed against victims of crime and witnesses; establishment of a mechanism for inquiry into complaints against infringement or imminent infringement of rights or entitlements of victims of crime or witnesses; establishment of an authority for the purpose of administering the provisions of the Bill; establishment of a special division by the Inspector General of Police to provide assistance to victims of crime; imposing duties on courts, commissions or law enforcement authorities in providing protection to victims of crime and witnesses; establishment of a special fund to be utilized for the payment of compensation to victims of crime and providing for the recording of evidence through contemporaneous audio visual linkage from remote locations within Sri Lanka.
  1. These are significant endeavours for a developing country to complete in so short a time. The international community, especially those countries that have faced the challenge of emerging from protracted conflict or continue to be embroiled in such conflict would particularly appreciate the significance of these achievements.

Mr. Chairman,

 

  1. As there have been concerns raised on alleged violations of certain civil and political rights, I wish to share some pertinent developments in this regard.

 

  1. The Government of Sri Lanka wishes to reaffirm and emphasize its commitment to uphold the fundamental rights guaranteed to its people, by the supreme body of law in the country, the Constitution of Sri Lanka.

 

  1. These include the freedom of thought, conscience and religion and the right to equality. In keeping with Sri Lanka’s societal, cultural and historical norms, regular dialogue continues to take place at various levels to ensure interfaith harmony and understanding amongst its diverse populace.

 

  1. The Government is firm in its commitment to uphold law and order and bring to justice any individual or group that causes communal dissension in the country. Sri Lanka’s legislation contains necessary provisions to act against statements or behaviour intended to cause religious discord. Provisions in the Penal Code as well as specific terms of Section 3 of the ICCPR Act passed by the Parliament of Sri Lanka in 2007, also provides the means to initiate action. Whenever an alleged infringement of this right has been reported, the legal process has been set in motion. This is evidenced by the action taken to address reported incidents of disturbances as well as legal action taken against those who have violated the law of the land, once sufficient evidence has been gathered for prosecution.

 

  1. It must be noted that like in all countries where a number of communities with different religious affiliations reside, unfortunate isolated incidents can occur. As such, there have been sporadic incidents focusing on places of worship of all four religions. Whenever an incident of this nature has occurred, the Government has  been quick to condemn and action has been taken.

 

  1. With reference to the incidents that took place in June 2014 in Aluthgama/Beruwala, prompt action was taken by the law enforcement authorities to bring the situation under control. The police has taken steps to investigate the incidents and to bring the suspects before courts.

 

148 people (116 Sinhalese and 32 Muslims) have been arrested so far. Three (03) have been remanded, three (03) have been granted police bail and 142 have been granted court bail. In addition, the police has reported facts to court, in 461 cases, on the basis of complaints made.

 

The Criminal Investigations Department (CID) of the Sri Lanka Police has been assigned to conduct an overall investigation on the incident. In the course of its investigations, the CID has questioned suspects including those who were alleged to have indulged in hate speech, which includes 8 Buddhist monks. Upon completion of investigations, the report will be referred to the Attorney General for advice on the institution of legal proceedings.

 

In order to expedite the repair and reconstruction of damaged property, the Sri Lanka security forces were instructed, by President Rajapaksa, to undertake this task. So far, construction work on 55 houses and 13 commercial buildings have been completed. The work on 114 houses and 34 commercial buildings are in progress.

 

Following the incident, sustained campaigns aimed at promoting religious harmony and creating greater understanding between communities have been launched by the government, civil society, professionals, academics, business and community leaders.

 

Mr. Chairman,

  1. The Constitution of Sri Lanka recognizes the sacrosanct right that all persons are equal before the law and are entitled to the equal protection of the law” (Article 12 (1)). Article 14 (1) (a) of our Constitution, is the bulwark upon which every citizen of the country irrespective of political affiliations or ideology, is able to enjoy the right to speech and expression, including publication enshrined in the Constitution. Any alleged transgression of these rights, enables the citizens who feel aggrieved to resort to legal remedies available under the laws of Sri Lanka.

 

  1. In this context, the government of Sri Lanka is fully committed to the protection of human rights defenders and media personnel or institutions. Although no special laws have been formulated with regard to these specific groups, any person who seeks to facilitate or vindicate human rights has the option of filing a Fundamental Rights application in the Supreme Court, or a Writ Application in the Court of Appeal, or making a complaint before the National Human Rights Commission, on their own behalf or in the public interest. The full gamut of constitutional guarantees, including effective remedies, is available to individuals or groups who wish to espouse social causes and advocacy, also encompassing the area of human rights, or to canvass for the rights of media personnel. The wide range of interactions that High Commissioner Navenethem Pillay had with civil society during her visit in 2013, as well as the active engagement of civil society from Sri Lanka in successive Human Rights Council sessions stand testimony to the vibrant nature of Sri Lanka’s civil society and the freedoms they enjoy.

 

  1. Further, in recent years, the spread of social media networks and online news outlets have contributed to the diversity and the increased speed of propagation of information throughout the country at large. The wide spectrum of views on display in Sri Lanka is amply demonstrated by its print and electronic media, much of which is fiercely critical of the Government. Despite some of the views expressed being on occasion vituperative and targeted at individuals, it is nevertheless recognized that this is the price to be met for upholding the democratic norms of a free and vibrant media. It should also be noted that during the period of the present Government, no press censorship has been imposed. Further the law relating to criminal defamation has been repealed by Parliament. Further, in order to ensure media freedom, the Government of Sri Lanka is seeking to strengthen grievance mechanisms which include complaints to Police, processing Fundamental Rights applications filed in the Supreme Court and complaints to the Press Council.

 

  1. It is important to note that media pluralism is well established in Sri Lanka and that the State has no monopoly of the means of communication which is a matter of concern in many settings in the context of the principle of freedom of expression enshrined in article 19 of the Covenant. Out of 217 newspapers registered in the country as at 2014 while 31 are state owned, 186 are private sector owned. With respect to radio channels, out of a total of 54 channels while 18 are state owned 36 are private sector owned.  As for television channels, out of 25 such channels, while 7 are state owned 18 are private sector owned.

 

  1. The right to freedom of speech and expression including publication can be restricted in so far as provided in Article 15(2), 15(7) and 15(8) of the Constitution of Sri Lanka. In all such instances, the restrictions have to be prescribed by law. Under Article 15(2), restrictions are permitted in the interests of racial and religious harmony or in relation to parliamentary privileges, contempt of court, and defamation or incitement to an offence.

 

  1. Under Article 15(7), restrictions are permitted in the interests of national security, public order and the protection of public health or morality or for the purpose of securing due recognition and respect for the rights and freedom of others or of meeting the just requirements of the general welfare of a democratic society.

 

  1. Article 15(8) applies only to members of the Armed Forces, Police and other forces charged with the maintenance of public order, and restrictions are permitted in the interest of proper discharge of their duties and the maintenance of discipline among them.

 

  1. Taking cognizance of the provisions of Article 19 (3) of the ICCPR, which specifically qualifies the right to freedom of expression, it is imperative that such a right should not be abused in a manner that is disrespectful to others. In this context, due consideration has been given in Article 28 (e) of the Constitution of Sri Lanka, that imposes a constitutional duty on every person in Sri Lanka that the exercise and the enjoyment of rights and freedoms is inseparable from the performance of duties and obligations. Therefore, it is the duty of every person to respect the rights and freedoms of others in the exercise and enjoyment of one’s rights and freedoms. In this context, dissemination of content with the intention of causing incitement among the communities, propagating hate speech and defamatory statements have not been condoned by the courts of Sri Lanka and the government would continue to ensure the exercise of such rights in accordance with the constitutional duties cast upon its people.

 

  1. Whilst there remains certain unresolved cases of violence against media personnel, there is no restriction placed on what may be reported by the press. The law of evidence plays the most crucial role, and due process is required for prosecution. This should not be interpreted as unwillingness on the part of the Government to bring perpetrators to justice. The Government is also pursuing investigations into current cases of alleged attacks on media personnel and institutions.

 

Mr. Chairman,

  1. Although the LTTE has been militarily defeated in Sri Lanka in May 2009, the threat of terrorism has not abated. Its overseas network which includes a number of trained cadre, funded by some sections of the expatriate Tamil community, continues to remain in place, posing a medium and long term security challenge to Sri Lanka and the region. Therefore, Sri Lanka has to be continuously vigilant to safeguard against any resurgence of terrorism in the country. Details of such activity has been comprehensively explained by Sri Lanka to the Human Rights Council.

 

  1. In March 2014, the Government of Sri Lanka took measures to designate entities and persons pursuant to UN Security Council Resolution 1373, against whom there was cogent evidence of financing the committing, attempting to commit, facilitating or participating in the commission of acts of terrorism. This designating process is reviewed periodically. Those designated entities and persons have recourse to an appeal procedure provided for in the said Regulation where they can furnish evidence that they are not linked to terrorist organizations and thereby challenge the listing in a Court of Law.

 

  1. Further, some statements made by political leaders as well as other prominent members of society in the North can be construed to incite violence and a possible resurgence of terrorism. As the use of terrorism to secure political and ideological objectives including a separate state remains a possibility, the time is not right as yet to repeal the PTA.

 

  1. It was a fundamental obligation of the Government of Sri Lanka, as a democratic state, to protect its citizens from terrorism, and protect its sovereignty and territorial integrity. Terrorism, as you all know, has a direct impact on human rights – on the physical integrity of individuals, their right to life and liberty. In addition, terrorism can destabilize Governments, jeopardise peace and security and negatively impact on social and economic developments which in turn deprives people of the full enjoyment of human rights.

 

Conclusion

Mr. Chairman,

  1. The situation in Sri Lanka is no different to any other country that is traversing through a transition period following a protracted conflict. We have endeavoured with commitment and dedication to address issues related to civil and political rights in Sri Lanka. Given the challenges at hand what we request is an objective assessment of Sri Lanka and in that spirit, we are open to constructive criticism.  We look forward to a fruitful dialogue with the distinguished members of the Committee and trust that your recommendations would assist the Government of Sri Lanka to carry forward the productive measures taken so far in the promotion and protection of civil and political rights.

 

Thank you

 

[1] UN document No.E/CN.4/1994/44/Add.1

 

Enemies of the President’s promise

October 8th, 2014

By PROF. RAJIVA WIJESINHA Courtesy Ceylon Today

In May 2009, Sri Lanka seemed on top of the world. Under President Mahinda Rajapaksa, the Sri Lankan Government and forces had defeated the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam, which had dominated Tamil politics in Sri Lanka. It had survived conflict with not just successive Sri Lankan Governments, but even the might of India.

Though the Tigers had been banned by several countries, there was some sympathy for them in many Western nations who could not distinguish between them and the Tamils of Sri Lanka, who they felt had been badly treated by successive Sri Lankan Governments. Fuelled by a powerful Diaspora that sympathized with and even supported the Tigers, several Western nations had tried to stop the war being fought to a conclusion. When this attempt failed, they initiated a special session at the Human Rights Council in Geneva, but the condemnation they anticipated of the Sri Lankan Government did not occur.

Instead, Sri Lanka initiated a Resolution of its own, which was passed with an overwhelming majority. It received the support of most countries outside the Western bloc, including India, Pakistan, China, Russia, South Africa, Brazil and Egypt.
Less than three years later, the situation had changed. A Resolution critical of Sri Lanka was carried at the Council in Geneva in March 2012, with India voting in its favour. It had been initiated by the United States, and won support from several African and Latin American countries, including Brazil, that had been supportive previously. Next year an even more critical resolution was passed, with a larger majority, followed in 2014 by a Resolution which mandated an investigation by the office of the High Commissioner. India voted against this Resolution, but it still passed with a large majority.

Meanwhile international criticism of Sri Lanka has increased. It had a tough ride over the Commonwealth Heads of Government meeting held in Colombo in November 2013. Though the British Prime Minister withstood pressures to boycott the event, the Indian Prime Minister did not attend. The Indians did not engage in overt criticism, but the Canadian Prime Minister was extremely harsh in explaining his absence. And the British Prime Minister made it clear that he would raise a number of issues suggesting that Sri Lanka needed to address several grave charges.

How had this happened? How had a country that dealt successfully with terrorism, and did so with less collateral damage than in other similar situations, found itself so conclusively in the dock within a few years? How had it lost the support of India, which had been strongly supportive of the effort to rid the country of terrorism?
India had made clear its commitment to the welfare of the Tamil population of Sri Lanka, but the Sri Lankan Government had initially acted in accordance, and managed to resettle all the displaced, to rehabilitate former combatants, and to rebuild the war ravaged areas more swiftly and successfully than had initially been thought possible. Despite all this, in the election to the Northern Provincial Council, in September 2013, it was trounced by the Tamil National Alliance, which had been under the control of the LTTE while it existed.

What made the government so unpopular amongst the Tamils whom it thought it had liberated, and for whom it had developed infrastructure so effectively? Why internationally had the impression been created that the Sri Lankan Government was catering to a Sinhala Buddhist constituency, with no regard for pluralism and the pursuit of reconciliation? Why did the Indian Government seem upset with progress when so much had been done?
These essays will attempt to answer the above questions, by looking at the ultimately destructive contribution of several individuals to whom the President had entrusted a range of responsibilities. My own view is that the President himself had wanted to move towards reconciliation, and also to address several questions that other countries had raised, but those he thought would fulfil these tasks had failed him. Of course the ultimate responsibility is his, and his failure to ensure that those working on his behalf fulfilled the policies he had enunciated cannot be excused. But it needs to be understood, if Sri Lanka is to move forward from the morass in which it now finds itself.

Inadequacies that propelled the decline
Before discussing the problems caused by individuals in whom the President had reposed trust, I will set out here the major errors that I believe occurred in the last four years, to bring us to the current position.
First, in July 2009, soon after the seminal victory at the Human Rights Council in Geneva, the Sri Lankan Ambassador in Geneva, Dayan Jayatilleka, who had been the architect of that victory, was summarily dismissed. Significantly, another ambassador had described the protective wall he had built as an empire. Yet the Sri Lankan Government got rid of a diplomat who had commanded this level of confidence amongst his colleagues.
Second, when the American Government in October 2009 addressed a list of questions about the conduct of the war, posed in a conciliatory manner, the Sri Lankan Government failed to respond. This was though the questions were based on a Foreign Policy assessment by a committee chaired by John Kerry which suggested that the US Government should engage more sympathetically with Sri Lanka.

Third, when the former Commander of the Army alleged that decision makers in government were responsible for the execution of Tigers who had come forward with White Flags so as to surrender, he was accused not of lying, but of being treacherous. This created the impression that what he had said was true. In fact he had made a very different allegation some months earlier, in claiming that he had been ordered to spare people carrying White Flags but, since he knew their enormity, he had acted as required. It would seem that his position then was that he was the hero of a tough war, whereas the government had been soft. But a few months later, he was able to present the government as the tough guys, a trap into which they readily fell.
Fourth, though the President had frequently promised interlocutors from the Indian Government that he would move swiftly on greater measures of devolution, statements to this effect were rejected by various government spokesmen. The understanding the Indian Government thought it had was never confirmed by either the President or the Minister of External Affairs, though the Indians believed the position they had put forward had been agreed.

Fifth, understanding the damage done by the new ambassador in Geneva, the President recalled her and replaced her with a trusted confidante, Tamara Kunanayakam, but the Ministry of External Affairs sent a massive delegation to Geneva in March 2012 which subverted her efforts and embarrassed the Indian Government. Following the vote, she was dismissed.
Sixth, despite difficult relations with Britain, the position of High Commissioner there was left vacant for several months, and the opportunity to establish good relations with the new Conservative Government, following the low level to which they had sunk while David Miliband was Foreign Minister, was lost.

Seventh, following her removal from Geneva, the President asked Kunanayakam to serve in Cuba with a brief to develop better relations throughout Latin America, but the Ministry of External Affairs did not allow this initiative to go ahead. Eighth, though Dayan Jayatilleka was appointed to Paris several months after being dismissed from Geneva, he was subject to harassment, from the Ministry of External Affairs as well as the Ministry of Defence. Having finished his contract, he returned to Sri Lanka but has not been deployed effectively.

Ninth, the President’s commitment to address accountability issues was forgotten until after the UN appointed its own panel of investigation. Though the President then appointed a Lessons Learnt and Reconciliation Commission, its interim report was ignored, whereas swift action could have overcome some of the criticism raised in the UN report.
Tenth, there was no rebuttal of the charges made in the UN report, even though several of the allegations it recorded contradicted what UN records of the period in question had established.
Eleventh, though the President asked in December 2011 for an Action Plan to carry out the recommendations of the LLRC, nothing was done about this until after the HRC Resolution of March 2012. A Task Force to implement the Action Plan did not meet for several months, and only began to act and report coherently in 2013.

Twelfth, the negotiations between government and the TNA, which the President initiated in 2011, were sabotaged, with the government for the most part failing either to put forward any ideas of its own, or to respond to those the TNA put forward.
All these inadequacies need to be discussed. I propose to do this through an assessment of those in whom the President reposed trust but whom in fulfilling their own agendas, failed to deliver what he and the country needed.

Enemies of the President’s Promise – 3 Sleepy

October 8th, 2014

By Prof. Rajiva  Wijesinha Courtesy Ceylon Today

GL’s appointment as Minister of External Affairs, in 2010, was generally welcomed. Bogollagama had lost the election, which made the President’s task easier since, given his complaisant approach to those who supported him, he would have found it awkward to replace Bogollagama. The only other serious candidate was Mahinda Samarasinghe, who had peformed well as Minister of Disaster Management and Human Rights. The Sri Lankan Ambassador in Geneva, Dayan Jayatilleka, who had done a fantastic job in staving off moves against Sri Lanka at the Human Rights Council, had refused to deal with Bogollagama and instead insisted on the Minister of Human Rights being the main Ministerial presence at sessions of the Council.

Bogollagama however got his revenge soon after Jayatilleka’s greatest triumph, at a Special Session of the Council summoned on a largely British initiative to discuss Sri Lanka. This initiative, generally used only for emergencies, had succeeded only after the Tigers had been defeated. This was fortunate, since clearly the game plan had been to insist on a Cease FIre. Jayatilleka, who had extremely good relations with Sri Lanka’s natural allies, the Indians and the Pakistanis, Egypt as head of the Organization of Islamic States and Cuba as the head of the Non-Aligned Movement, the Chinese and the Russians, and the Brazilians and the South Africans, put forward his own resolution before the Europeans had got theirs ready, and this was carried with a resounding majority.

The ease of the victory, and the widespread perception in Sri Lanka that he was its architect, was his downfall. Samarasinghe was irritated in that his role was played down. Also upset was the Attorney General, Mohan Pieris, despite the fact that Jayatilleka had been instrumental in persuading the President to have him appointed. Pieris had come prepared to speak at the Session but, after Jayatileka made the opening statement, he got me to deliver the closing remarks, given that we had worked together on the Council very successfully, and knew which factors to emphasize. But this did not please the duo and they did nothing to defend Jayatilleka when the knives came out. Indeed they failed even to contact him when he returned to Sri Lanka.
Typically, the President was the first to get in touch, and try to use Jayatilleka’s services again: When the latter mentioned how disappointed he had been that no one had contacted him after he got back to Sri Lanka, the President said, that was no surprise, after the manner in which he had been treated. The fact that the President himself had acquiesced in the dismissal was thus sublimely passed over.

It was less than two months after the resolution that Jayatilleka was summarily removed. The President may have been persuaded by the ease of the victory to the belief that any idiot could handle international relations, for that certainly is the view he and the government embodied over the next few years. It was also alleged however that the Israelis had moved heaven and earth to get rid of Jayatilleka, since his intellectual abilities had put him in the forefront of moves to bring the Palestinian issue to the attention of international fora. Unfortunately the Israelis had the ear of Gotabhaya Rajapaksa, and also of Lalith Weeratunge, both of whom actively promoted Jayatilleka’s dismissal.

He was replaced in Geneva by Kshenuka Seneviratne, who was perhaps the last official in the Ministry to represent the mindset of the eighties when, under Jayewardene and his Foreign Minister Hameed, it was assumed that Sri Lanka had to be firmly allied to the West. This also involved hostility to India, and Kshenuka certainly embodied this, and was found later to have actively tried to set the President against the Indians, after the 2012 March Geneva debacle when a resolution against Sri Lanka was carried at the Human Rights Council.

Kshenuka had been High Commissioner in London in the days when Britain was bitterly opposed to Sri Lanka but she had done little to counter this. She claimed on the strength of her time there to be an expert on the country, and when her successor, a retired judge, proved ineffective, she took charge of the President’s approach to Britain. Thus, late in 2010, she encouraged him to travel to Britain just to address the Oxford Union, something he had already done. The High Commissioner in London advised against this, as did his experienced Deputy from the Ministry, Pakeer Amza, but Kshenuka’s will prevailed.
She was strongly supported by Sajin Vas Gunawardena, whom the President chose as what was termed Monitoring Member of Parliament for the Ministry of External Affairs, on the grounds that administration there was a mess and someone was needed to sort things out. Sajin was a good friend of Namal, and GL naturally acquiesced in the appointment. Sajin and Kshenuka got on extremely well, and they, in effect, ran foreign policy over the next few years.

Disaster
The President’s 2010 visit to London was a disaster, and began the process of denigration of Sri Lanka in the international media, a process which has steadily grown worse since then. One catalyst was the decision of the President to ask his personal Head of Security, General Gallage, to leave Britain hastily on the grounds that he might be arrested and charged for War Crimes.
General Gallage, a battle hardened soldier who had led one of the Divisions that finally crushed the Tigers, had not wanted to leave, but he could not disobey the President. His departure led to triumphant declarations that he had fled prosecution, and this contributed to the sense that Sri Lanka had much to fear. However the view of the Mission was that there was no possibility of any arrest, which suggested that it was the advice of others that had led to the hasty and easily exploitable decision. Typically, there was no inquiry afterwards as to what had prompted the President’s anxiety.

A clue to what probably happened emerged in 2012, when a similar effort was made to make the main Tamil member of the Cabinet, Douglas Devananda, who had throughout been opposed to the Tigers and had supported government strongly during the conflict, flee Geneva before the crucial vote at the Human Rights Council. Fortunately the Ambassador who had replaced Kshenuka, Tamara Kunanayagam, went back by chance to her house, where Douglas was staying, and found him packed and ready to leave. His explanation was that the President had told him to come home in case he was arrested. The message had been conveyed by Sajin.
Tamara was confident enough to call the President, who told her that he had been told, by Sajin, that Douglas was nervous about staying on in Geneva with various human rights groups calling for his arrest. He had therefore said that Douglas might as well leave. Tamara pointed out that there could be no question whatsoever of such an arrest, given the status of representatives to the Human Rights Council, so the President told her to tell Douglas to stay on. He did, but no one bothered to find out why there had been an effort to send him away, nor to think about how aggressive the publicity would have been with regard to such an apparent hurried escape.

Whether Sajin or Kshenuka was responsible for these stratagems is not clear. One High Commissioner later said, whereas Sajin thought he was controlling Kshenuka, in reality it was the other way around. This is the more likely, given Kshenuka’s own predilections for the West, and also the contacts she had with Tiger groups, as was evidenced when she gave the contract to repair the Ambassador’s residence in Geneva to a company with suspicious links. Though there were audit queries about what had happened, these were swiftly suppressed.

Interestingly, the Israeli ambassador in Geneva had told Tamara, when she arrived that Kshenuka had been an excellent ambassador, quite unlike her predecessor. Tamara’s negative response may have led to moves to get rid of her too, a process duly accomplished soon after the 2012 vote, which meant that her efforts to rebuild the coalition Jayatilleka had set up were stymied.
Contrariwise, Third World diplomats had found themselves ignored by Kshenuka. As a distinguished Indian journalist put it, in Jayatilleka’s time there had been requests for advice from senior diplomats from friendly nations; with Kshenuka there were only requests for votes, after protracted neglect.

Incompetence
How had such a situation occurred, such swift decline in our relations with the world? The answer lies in the complete incompetence of G. L. Peiris, arising from overweening ambition and deep insecurity. The first led him to acquiesce in whatever he thought was wanted by those in authority, the second made him avoid working together with anyone he thought might be a threat.
I had personal experience of this, in terms of a comment of the President, who once told me that there was no one in the ministry who could write or speak properly in English. This was a story propagated by Sajin and Kshenuka to highlight their own competence in the language, and also to do down the Secretary to the Ministry Karunasena Amunugama, who had not been to an elite Colombo school.
But in some cases there was indeed room for improvement, and in fact I had told GL, who had asked me way back in 2010 whether I would assist in drafting statements, that I could do this but it would make more sense for me to train some youngsters to do this themselves. I told the President that I was surprised he had not taken me up on the offer, to which the response was that GL was terrified when he saw another Professor. I suppose his fears had been exacerbated because the Swiss Ambassador, before the 2010 election, told me that she had heard I was on the National List so as to be made Foreign Minister. While at the time I thought the story absurd, given my lack of Parliamentary experience, I now realize that the diplomatic community in Sri Lanka had a better idea than I did about the comparative paucity of talent in governmental ranks.

GL’s ineffectiveness had been compounded by the fact that the first Secretary to the ministry he worked with, an experienced career diplomat whose father had been Secretary 30 years earlier, was dying of cancer. He left much unattended to, and GL himself failed to exercise proper supervision. Thus Human Rights were completely ignored, and communications from Geneva received no response.
It had indeed been a mistake to hand over Human Rights to the Foreign Ministry, which the President decided to do after the 2010 Election. I acquiesced in the decision when I heard about it, since I thought that GL, with his legal background, would devote his attention to the matter. I told him, having previously been Secretary to the Ministry under Mahinda Samarasinghe, but having resigned when my name was put on the government’s National List for the election, that he should take over my staff. He agreed, but failed to ensure that our very competent Consultant, Nishan Muthukrishna, a former student of his from the Law Faculty, was appointed promptly. By the time he got his letter, which GL indeed requested, but which the ministry delayed, he had already accepted an appointment in Mahinda Samarasinghe’s new Ministry.

Our project staff did go to the Ministry of External Affairs, but they received no administrative support and were not involved in communications from Geneva. All they had to work on was the Human Rights Action Plan which we had begun drafting, and which Mohan Pieris and I saw to a conclusion, and adoption by Cabinet, over the next year. .

Baffling post-war US policy towards SL

October 8th, 2014

by Shamindra Ferdinando Courtesy Island

After having helped the Sri Lankan government to finish off the LTTE once and for all, the US has been relentlessly pursuing Sri Lanka on the diplomatic front.

The LTTE fighting cadre collapsed in May 2009, following nearly a three-year battle dubbed Eelam War IV.

If not for the US intervention, the Geneva-based United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) wouldn’t have adopted resolution 25/1 at its March, 2014, session, to pave the way for an inquiry under the auspices of the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights. Navaneetham Pillay’s successor, Jordan’s Prince Zeid bin Ra’ad is in overall charge of the investigation.

The US stepped in after its close allies, the UK and Canada failed to convince the international community to initiate an international probe into accountability issues in Sri Lanka.

A conclusive battlefield victory over the LTTE wouldn’t have been possible without US support.

The US provided both military muscle as well as diplomatic wherewithal to bring the LTTE down to its knees. Sustained supply of Israeli armaments was nothing but evidence of the tacit US support throughout the military campaign.

Chief of Defence Staff (CDS) General Jagath Jayasuriya last August raised a query as regards the post-war US policy towards Sri Lanka at an academic programme at the Harvard Kennedy School of Government. There couldn’t have been a better venue to raise the issue.

Gen. Jayasuriya sought an explanation from Dr. Amin Tarzi, the Director of Middle East Studies at the Marine Corps University in Quantico, Virginia. Dr. Tarzi was addressing a group of foreign government representatives on a special programme titled Senior Executives in National and International Security.

The CDS expressed surprise at the US policy vis a vis Sri Lanka in spite of the country’s strategic positioning. The war-time Vanni Commander also referred to post-war developments consequent to shift in US policy and Sri Lanka increasingly looking to the east.

Gen. Jayasuriya was definitely not the only senior officer baffled by the US policy. Having listened attentively to Gen. Jayasuriya’s query, Dr. Tarzi politely declined to respond. But much to the amazement of Gen. Jayasuriya, the Marine Corps academician said that two senior Sri Lankan Navy officials had posed the same question to him during a programme in Pakistan.

Questions raised by the Sri Lankan Navy in Pakistan and CDS Jayasuriya in the US would have definitely placed Dr. Tarzi in an embarrassing position.

Dr. Tarzi couldn’t have been unaware of the US hand in Sri Lanka’s victory. In fact, Dr. Tarzi’s polite refusal to answer queries as regards post-war US policy vis a vis Sri Lanka meant that he realized the absurdity of the position adopted by the US. Obviously, even the experts found themselves in an uncomfortable position when the Sri Lankan military raised such pertinent questions.

In fact, war-time US Defence Advisor in Colombo, Lt. Colonel Lawrence Smith strongly disputed war crimes allegations, including the much publicized ‘white flag’ allegation. The statement made by Lt. Colonel Lawrence in June 2011, two years after the conclusion of the conflict, drew an angry response from the US State Department. The State Department disallowed the statement on the basis the Defence Advisor was not speaking on behalf of the US. The US official was responding to a query posed by a retired Indian army officer, who had served in Sri Lanka with the Indian Peace Keeping Force (IPKF), to Sri Lanka’s Deputy Permanent Representative in New York, Major General Shavendra Silva, who holds ambassadorial rank. The Indian wouldn’t have probably raised that query if he knew the US official was going to respond.

Obviously, Dr. Tarzi, felt he couldn’t express an opinion contrary to the official line propagated by the State Department.

Even five years after the conclusion of the conflict, Sri Lanka is yet to effectively address accountability issues raised at international forums. The primary allegation that the Sri Lankan military killed at least 40,000 civilians during the final phase of the conflict had never been proved. In fact, there had never been a consensus among those who had accused Sri Lanka of genocide as regards the number of civilians who perished during the final phase.

The forthcoming South and South East Asian Nations (SASEAN) Defence Chiefs’ dialogue in Colombo will provide Sri Lanka with an opportunity to discuss Sri Lanka’s predicament, though SASEAN is meant to take up regional issues.

Perhaps, the situation here is bigger than a regional issue with many dimensions. SASEAN can be a useful forum to underscore Sri Lanka’s position during three-day event beginning Nov 27, 2014.

SASEAN comprises SAARC (Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, the Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka) and ASEAN (Brunei, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand and Vietnam) countries.

Russia and China will participate as observers. Russia’s Deputy Defence Minister, Anatoly Antonov as well as the Chief of the General Staff of the People’s Liberation Army (PLA), General Fang Fenghui will address the conclave. The Chinese General will speak on ‘ensuring stability in the region in facing up to air, land and maritime territorial disputes, military modernization and arms race.’ The Russian deputy Defence Minister will speak on ‘security issues in the region’ on the last day of the event. The Russian official will also address the gathering on the first day.

Gen. Jayasuriya recently explained that SASEAN’s agenda would be broad and flexible and cover range of related issues. The CDS discussed the circumstances under which he had received Defence Secretary Gotabhaya Rajapaksa’s endorsement for SASEAN project. “We’ll work closely with the External Affairs Ministry to promote SASEAN as a catalyst in promoting security and stability in the region.”

Since the LTTE’s defeat, Sri Lanka has been having two security conferences, namely the annual defence seminar held in Colombo and the Galle Dialogue organized by the army and the navy, respectively. The forthcoming South and South East Asian Nations (SASEAN) Defence Chiefs’ dialogue will be the third, though the inaugural meet in Colombo is to be followed by annual meetings hosted by members. Although the Sri Lankan military has earned plaudits for defeating the LTTE, it cannot ignore that the country is the subject of an external investigation The military must be also be mindful of the fact that the investigation conducted by the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) is rapidly proceeding. The outcome of the inquiry will be made public at the next session of the UNHRC in Geneva next March.

The government has about six months to prepare to face any eventuality. In the backdrop of Sri Lanka’s decision not to assist the UN investigation as well as a harsh OHCHR statement that dealt with Sri Lanka, let me briefly examine the issues and possible lapses on the part of Sri Lanka.

IT WOULD BE PERTINENT TO MENTION THAT THE LTTE LEADERSHIP WOULDN’’T BE UNDER INVESTIGATION AS NONE OF THEM SURVIVED THE WAR.INTERESTINGLY, THE TAMIL NATIONAL ALLIANCE (TNA) WHICH ENDORSED THE LTTE AS THE SOLE REPRESENTATIVE OF TAMIL SPEAKING PEOPLE IN THE RUN-UP TO EELAM WAR IV, HENCE GAVE THE POLITICAL LEADERSHIP TO THE TERRORIST CAMPAIGN IS PURSUING THE GOVERNMENT ON THE DIPLOMATIC FRONT.

The Report of the Secretary General’s Panel of Experts on Accountability in Sri Lanka released in March 2011 accused the government of (A) killing of civilians through widespread shelling (B) shelling of hospitals and humanitarian objects (C) denial of humanitarian assistance (D) human rights violations suffered by victims and survivours of the conflict, including both internally displaced persons and suspected LTTE cadre, and (E) human rights violations outside the conflict zone, including the targeting of the media and other critics of the government

The Secretary General’s Panel of Experts also accused the LTTE of (A) using human shields (B) massacre of those trying to escape (C) deployment of long range weapons in close proximity to civilians (D) forced recruitment of children (E) forced labour, and (F) killing of civilians through suicide attacks.

The Secretary General’s Panel of Experts held the government/political leadership accountable for actions of the military, though it conveniently ignored the TNA’s role in the conflict. Unfortunately, the government hasn’t examined the TNA hand in terrorism, thereby weakening Sri Lanka’s defence in Geneva. Interestingly, TULF veteran V. Anandasangaree, in a detailed letter recently sent to Indian Premier Narendra Modi drew his attention to the close relationship the TNA/Illankai Thamil Arasu Kadchi (ITAK) had with the LTTE.

The failure of the UN mission in Colombo to raise the LTTE holding those living in the Vanni against their will in early 2007 was investigated by the Secretary General’s Panel of Experts. Although the issue was raised in New York following revelation made by The Island, the UN failed to take remedial measures. In fact, the LTTE went to the extent of detaining Tamil employees of the UN for helping people to escape into government-held territory (LTTE detains UN workers-The Island, April 20, 2007; ‘UN had talks with Tigers on the sly with strap line UN workers in LTTE custody, The Island, April 23, 2007, Lanka urges UN not to shield Tigers, The Island, April 25, 2007 and UN HQ admits Colombo office kept it in the dark, The Island, April 28, 2007). For want of a clear understanding of ground realities, the government never took up this issue.

*The Secretary General’s Panel of Experts never made an attempt to clarify statements attributed to various interested parties as regards the number of civilians killed during the last phase of the conflict. The government, too, failed to vigorously take up the issue. The Secretary General’s Panel of Experts estimated civilian deaths at 40,000 on the basis of information provided by ‘a number of credible’ sources. Then they quoted ‘multiple sources of information as having said that deaths of 40,000 civilians couldn’t be ruled out (Report of the Secretary General’s Panel of Experts on Accountability in Sri Lanka: point no 137). The report was released on March 31, 2011.

Up to now those credible sources as well as multiple sources of information remained classified through a decree issued by the Secretary General’s Panel of Experts. They ordered that the identities of over 2,300 persons who had accused Sri Lanka of war crimes wouldn’t be revealed until March 31, 2031. Even then the release should be subjected to a declassification review (Report of the Secretary General’s Panel of Experts on Accountability in Sri Lanka: point no 17 and 23).

Six months later MP Siobhain McDonagh (Labour Party-Mitcham and Morden) told the House of Commons that Sri Lanka’s war, in its last five months alone, had claimed the lives of 100,000 people, 40,000 of them civilians. The same politician recently alleged that the Sri Lankan military dropped cluster bombs on areas designated as no fire zones. The MP declared that even now nearly 150,000 Tamils remain unaccounted for. She was addressing the Westminster Hall debate on March 25, 2014.

However, the Secretary General’s Panel of Experts ignored a UN report based on information provided by the ICRC, national staff of the UN and NGOs based in the Vanni battle zone and clergy as the UN estimate was considered low. According to the report that dealt with the situation in the Vanni region from August 2008 to May 13, 2009, claimed the lives of 7,721 and wounded 18,479. The UN report acknowledged that it had a mechanism on ground to count dead and wounded until May 13, 2009. The was ended six days later (Report of the Secretary General’s Panel of Experts on Accountability in Sri Lanka: point no 134 and 135).

Amnesty International, in a special report titled ‘When will they get justice?: Failures of Sri Lanka’s Lessons Learnt and Reconciliation Commission released in September, 2011 estimated the number of civilian deaths at 10,000. “Amnesty International’s conclusions, derived independently from eyewitness testimony and information from aid workers, are that at least 10,000 civilians were killed; that the LTTE used civilians as human shields and conscripted child soldiers; that the Sri Lankan army shelled areas it knew were densely populated by civilians; and that civilians trapped by fighting suffered severe and avoidable deprivation of food, water and medical care.

The Secretary General’s Panel of Experts, Amnesty International and the likes of MP Siobhain McDonagh would never have envisaged the possibility of Wiki Leaks revealing scores of secret diplomatic cables which dealt with Sri Lanka.  Of them, cables written by the US Ambassador to Geneva Clint Williamson after having met Jacque de Maio, the then ICRC Head of Operations for South Asia on July 9, 2009, revealed in no uncertain terms that the Sri Lankan army never sought to wipe out civilians as alleged by interested parties.

If not for U.S. soldier Bradley Manning, who was sentenced in August 2013 to 35 years in a military prison for turning over more than 700,000 classified files to Wiki Leaks in the biggest breach of secret data in the US history, Sri Lanka wouldn’t have known what was happening behind the scenes.

Ambassador Williamson wrote: “The army was determined not to let the LTTE escape from its shrinking territory, even though this meant that the civilians being kept hostage by the LTTE were at an increasing risk. So, de Maio said, while one could safely say that there were ‘serious, widespread violations of international humanitarian law,’ by the Sri Lankan forces, it didn’t amount to genocide. He could cite examples of where the army had stopped shelling when the ICRC informed them it was killing civilians. In fact, the army actually could have won the military battle faster with higher civilian casualties, yet they chose a slower approach which led to a greater number of Sri Lankan military deaths. He concluded however, by asserting that the GoSL failed to recognize its obligation to protect civilians, despite the approach leading to higher military casualties”.

Let me reiterate how the international community and the international media manipulate figures to achieve political/military objectives.

The five-nation Sri Lanka Monitoring Mission (SLMM) in March 2007 declared that the conflict claimed the lives of nearly 4,000 civilians during the past 15 months. The SLMM issued the statement to coincide with the fifth anniversary of the Norwegian-arranged Ceasefire Agreement. When the writer pointed out that 4,000 people couldn’t have died due to the conflict/war during the said period and sought a clarification from the SLMM,the mission brought down the number of dead from 4,000 to 1,500. The SLMM refused to provide a breakdown of 1,500 people killed claiming that such a revelation wasn’t favourable to its role in Sri Lanka. The SLMM couldn’t give a breakdown because it was lying. It was part of the Norwegian project to undermine Sri Lanka’s war effort (SLMM backs down on breakdown with strap line Deaths due to conflict: Changes figure to 1,500 from 4,000-The Island, March 12, 2007). The military placed the number of civilian deaths during this period at 694. Although the Defence Ministry rejected the SLMM report, the Secretariat for Coordinating Peace Process (SCOPP) accepted the report (Military contradicts SLMM report on civilian killings-The Island, March 23, 2007).

Knowledge as construction III

October 8th, 2014

By Nalin de Silva

Newton introduced the concept of gravitational force to explain the motion of the earth round the sun or that of the moon around the earth, though his gravitational force was not consistent with the concept of force as used by his contemporaries. If the western scientists were consistent they would not have accepted the gravitational force but that is not the way western science works or how theories (explanations) are constructed in that system of knowledge. As we have already said it was a “force” exerted by one body on another without any “physical contact” as such through a rope, pole or stick. It was not only action at a distance but instantaneous action. The moment a body (or particle) is “created” anywhere in the universe it exerted a force (gravitational) on any other body at any other place in the universe instantaneously. Later on in connection with Quantum action at a distance Einstein referred to such action as “spooky action at a distance”.

Almost all the so-called educated people in the world or at least in Sri Lanka believe that there is a gravitational force as such though they cannot feel it with their sense organs. Gravitational force (or even gravitational field following Maxwell) is not sensory perceptible but the “educated people” have no inhibition in believing the existence of this force “without a rope” though they may not believe in God or the Natha Deviyo. There are at least a few people who claim to have “seen” the gods but nobody could claim that he/she has “seen” or “felt” the gravitational field. Of course, one could claim that such seeing is illusion but in the case of the gravitational force nobody could say it is an illusion either as it is not to be seen by anybody.

Ernst Mach was against using non-perceptible concepts in western Physics in order to “explain” perceptible phenomena and he objected to atoms, inertial frames etc., that could not be seen. Gravitational force also came under the category of concepts and the existence of gravitation was doubted from the beginning. When somebody says Newton discovered gravitation it implies that gravitation had been there from the very beginning and it was left to Newton to discover the force and not invent, construct or create it. The western scientists are supposed to discover existing phenomena and not construct.

However, in the case of gravitation, the question arises as to whether the phenomenon existed for Newton to discover it. Now let us consider what Newton knew when he “discovered” the gravitational force. Galileo had observed that near the earth bodies move towards it with the same constant acceleration. This was only a speculation though it is now called an observation. The so called experiments at Pizza in Italy were supposed to be conducted in a vacuum though even today it is not feasible to create a vacuum in open space. The leaning tower of Pizza was not in a closed room and it was impossible for Galileo to create a vacuum surrounding the tower in the seventeenth century. He neglected air resistance and in order to cover up his work he used objects of similar kind to drop from the tower and not dissimilar objects such as an apple and a feather. Had Galileo dropped an apple and a feather from the same height at the same time he would not have observed the two objects falling to the ground at the same time and he would not have been able to convince his colleagues that bodies fall with the same acceleration near the earth. Galileo was better in convincing others and he was a good marketer.

Newton, who was born a few months after Galileo died, was aware of the “experiments” by the latter and was thinking of a reason to explain the observations of Galileo. Of course Newton was interested in extra terrestrial activities as well and wanted to explain the motion of the earth round the sun etc. It was then he had hit on the idea of a gravitational force which existed universally in the sense that any two objects (particles) in the universe exerted this force on each other irrespective of the colour, size, mass etc., of the objects.

However, Einstein had different ideas and he also did not believe in inertial frames of reference following Mach. The Newtonian gravitational force was used in an inertial frame of reference and Einstein was interested in finding out what happened in other frames of reference. Einstein who was fond of thought experiments considered a western scientist in a rocket moving with let us say uniform acceleration in a frame of reference F. Let us call the frame of reference of the moving rocket frame R. Thus we have two frames of reference R and F, R moving with uniform acceleration in the frame of reference F.

Now suppose the scientist releases some object while the rocket is moving with uniform acceleration with respect to F. As the object is released it acquires the velocity of the scientist, and hence of the rocket at the time of release, with respect to F. However, the object does not acquire the acceleration of the rocket. This is observed when somebody jumps out of a moving bus, as he (usually a he and not she) jumps out he has acquired the velocity of the bus not the acceleration.

In the frame F, the object begins to move with velocity of the rocket and will continue to move with the same constant velocity assuming that there are no forces acting on the object and that F is an inertial frame of reference, and Newton’s laws of motion are valid.. However, what does the western scientist in the rocket observe? We assume a pre SMS era and that the scientist does not know that he is moving in a rocket with uniform acceleration with respect to F. The scientist has no way of communicating with the external world and he is isolated doing “experiments”.

As far as the scientist is concerned he (again he as most of the western Physicists happen to be males) is at rest in R, which is his frame of reference, but the object he released though initially instantaneously at rest begins to move with uniform acceleration in the direction of his feet, in R, assuming of course that he is not standing on his head, since the object does not acquire the acceleration of the rocket.

Now the Physicist, if he happens to be a theoretical person will start thinking why did the object move towards his feet with uniform acceleration. The observation is not different from that of Galileo but the latter had not given an explanation as to why it happened so. It was left to Newton to come out with an answer. Our friend in the rocket probably thinking like Newton would say the object moved with uniform acceleration towards his feet in R, as there was a big magnet or something similar outside the rocket that attracted the object. Now that is a reasonable explanation though he could have said look we are all moving with the rocket with the acceleration of the rocket but not the object and hence it moves in the direction opposite to the motion of the rocket. Who created the magnet that attracted the object?

GOSL Names and Bans LTTE Fronts: Canadian Tamil Congress

October 8th, 2014

Shenali D Waduge

The Canadian Tamil Congress joins a list of 16 organizations that have been declared proscribed by the GOSL under UNSC Resolution 1373. The scores of other organizations formed on foreign soil liaising with these banned entities are culpable for every crime that the LTTE committed throughout 30 years of terror. Included to the list of LTTE fronts should be members of the Tamil National Alliance who took oaths from the LTTE leader Prabakaran when it first entered the political scene as political proxy of the LTTE. The UN Investigating panel cannot afford to whitewash these LTTE fronts now that they are named and proscribed and overseas arrests by foreign governments nullifies any excuse from the UN investigation panel if they are attempting to do so. All LTTE fronts including CTC must be investigated, charged for every terror attack the LTTE committed including the killing of Rajiv Gandhi.

Under United Nations Security Council Resolution 1373, the Canadian Tamil Congress was designated a ‘terrorist entity’ on March 20, 2014. The Canadian Tamil Congress (EN/CA/2013/06) is among 14 terrorist front organizations designated under UNSCR 1373.

The Canadian Tamil Congress (CTC) and the National Council of Canadian Tamils (NCCT) were successors to the Federation of Canadian Tamils (FACT) and the World Tamil Movement (WTM) proscribed by the US and Canada for their roles in supporting terrorism.

David Poopalapillai (IN/CA/2013/370), the current national spokesman of the Canadian Tamil Congress, is also designated under UNSCR 1373

CTC’s antecedents have been traced to the Federation of Associations of Canadian Tamils (FACT), a DBA of the LTTE which mysteriously disappeared after Human Rights Watch publicized its extortion activities in the Tamil community.

A report by the National Post of Canada revealed that Canada’s Tamil community has been among the LTTE’s largest sources of funds, having contributed up to $10-to $12-million annually in past years,”

Allegations against CTC

  • Forming to function as a LTTE front
  • Fooling the Canadian public with lies
  • Lobbying Canadian parliamentarians and using undemocratic methods to rope them in
  • Procurement for LTTE terrorism
  • Terrorist propaganda
  • Terrorist fund raising
  • Aligned to LTTE and attempting to destabalize Sri Lanka pre & post-end of conflict

The Mackenzie Institute published a paper by Jeff Sole ‘Is Canada an unofficial State Sponsor of Terrorism’. The paper cited how LTTE were raising money from Canadians to fund suicide bombing.

Canadian journalist Stewart Bell contributor of many articles on terrorism and in particular the LTTE wrote it is easy enough to set up a charity dedicated to a worthy humanitarian cause and launder the money instead to terrorist causes’. Is this not what all the Tamil groups who registered as ‘humanitarian’ organizations have been doing and continue to do?

RCMP’s Sergeant John MacDonald the lead investigator said The World Tamil Movement acts as the de facto taxation arm of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam and…utilizes collectors to collect funds from Canadian Tamils on an organized and systematic basis…”

  • After WTM was proscribed by the Canadian government, the LTTE created the Canadian Tamil Congress.

For over a decade, CTC engaged in terrorist propaganda fundraising and weapons procurement before it could be designated under the United Nations Security Council Resolution 1373”. CTC activists David Poopalapillai has been designated under UNSCR 1373 which demands that the Canadian Government keeps a security/intelligence eye on CTC in Canada.

The ruling vindicates the case filed against Prof. Rohan Gunaratne who claimed CTC as a terrorist front though an exparte judgement was given in favour of the CTC.

LTTE fronts fooling the masses

All banned LTTE fronts are regularly entities present at the UN Human Rights Sessions lobbying leaders and organizations.

CTC admits role in influencing the UN As an organization which worked fervently towards the passage of this resolution, and towards the passage of its predecessor resolutions for the last five years—including attending Council sessions in Geneva, testifying at the UNHRC, and working closely with many different member states — CTC is pleased to see the advancement of this crucial step in achieving justice and accountability in Sri Lanka.” (CTC Press release)

CTC – fullest support and cooperation” to the UN international investigation Team.

CTC – We urge any community members who wish to testify before the UN investigative team to provide their contact information to CTC. We will compile the list and confidentially provide it directly to the UN investigation team if and when they make this request.”. The CTC is also canvassing Tamils to make submissions to the UN Investigation panel. With CTC being banned and designated an LTTE front, the UN investigating panel needs to ensure that submissions sent via CTC or promoted by CTC are singled out and not taken as valid.

CTC – Immediately removed links to other LTTE fronts on its website following the May 2009 defeat of the LTTE. – The Anton Balasingham Memorial” has been removed. Anton Balasingham was the LTTE ideologist and his wife Adele Balasingham was the nurse who trained children to become child combatants and gave a cyanide capsule at the end of the training ordering that they commit suicide if caught.

http://www.canadiantamilcongress.ca/Photogallery/gallery_anton.html

CTC Associates

  • Danton Thurairajah – Executive Director/CTC – Key supporter of the US network and worked under LTTE US branch leader Karunakaran Kandasamy and head of finance Vijayshanthar Patpanathan (Chandru)
  • Gary Anandasangari alias Shakthi – Counsel to the CTC, received nomination from the Liberal Party to contest the Scarborough Rouge Park Riding in Toronto. He was among the leaders of a WTM organized demonstration that desecrated and burnt the Indian national flag in front of the Indian consulate in Toronto on July 29 1989.
  • Ranjan Sri Ranjan former President of CTC
  • Thanigasalam brother in law of arrested Sahil Sabaratnam who headed US cell
  • Sahil Sabaratnam – CTC Director of Communications
  • David Poopalapillai – Director of CTC Public Relations. He lobbied against Sri Lanka / even called for sanctions. After the arrest of Sahil Sabaratnam, Poopalapillai claimed that he did not know Sahil Sabaratnam, the CTC Director of Communications.  Poopalapillai is reported to have traveled to Malaysia in August 2009 to meet with Selvarasa Pathamanathan (KP) one-time LTTE arms procurer who at the time had succeeded supremo V. Prabhakaran as head of the Tiger outfit.
  • Suntharamoorthy Umasuthan – CTC President 2014
  • Raj Kumar one of the ten CTC nominees to run for the municipal elections of Toronto in 2006, established radio Geethavani in 1991
  • Neethan Shan – Raj Kumar’s wife
  • Ramani Balendra – Head Quebec chapter of CTC
  • Thampoo Thevarajah – CTC, Ottawa – Coordinator, Invitation Committee. In April 2006, she said .” In addition to TR0….CTC financed “Social and Economical Development Organization for Tamils”, an organization established by the then LTTE international Chief Weerakulasingham Manivannan alias Castro, to raise funds.
  • Vanita Nathan, former Vice President, CTC
  • Thiva Paramsothy – accompanied Satha Sarachandran to a terrorist training camp in Sri Lanka in 2003. Globe and Mail’s investigative reporter Anthony Reinhart, published a photo and wrote: Two Tiger fighters in striped camouflage, along with Mr. Paramsothy and his rifle-toting Toronto friend, Satha Sarachandran, are clearly visible in U.S. Government Exhibit F2, a photograph used by American prosecutors to send Mr. Sarachandran to prison for 26 years in early 2010. Mr. Sarachandran, a one-time national president of the Canadian Tamil Students Association, had travelled to New York with three other men in August of 2006 in a bid to buy about $1-million worth of anti-aircraft missiles and AK-47 assault rifles to be sent to the Tigers in Sri Lanka. The arms dealers he met turned out to be undercover FBI agents, who had conducted a joint investigation with the RCMP”
  • Logan Kanapathy of CTC for Scarborough West
  • Theodore Antony of CTC for Scarborough Central. – his brother, the late Father Anthony was a LTTE fundraiser in New Jersey. Father Anthony and the CTC Executive Director Danton Thurairajah collected funds for the LTTE in New Jersey
  • Vijay Sappani – Condemned the 2006 report by HRW’s Jo Becker on LTTE fundraising by Tamil Diaspora groups. This report is now blocked and there is no access to the report on the www. Sappani has set up another front Sri Lankans without Borders” which is aimed at tarnishing Sri Lanka and disuniting the communities.

Gary Anandasangari facebook confession:

https://www.facebook.com/gary.anandasangaree Gary Anandasangaree (3 July 2014)

After thinking about this for weeks, my wife wrote a letter to the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights – a letter that changed the course of my life. As a result of this, we went to Geneva in March of 2009. We invited several other Tamils from different parts of the world to attend this meeting.

We made our case to the UNHRC Chief, Navi Pillai. Over the course of the next five years, I went to Geneva regularly – sometimes, both Harini and our toddler and I would go. We went for one singular reason – we could do more in Geneva with our skill sets than anywhere else. Yes we could protest — and we had. We could write blogs. We could get on every stage with hundreds or even thousands of Tamils and convince ourselves that we are on the right track. We could organise conferences, spending hundreds of thousands of dollars, we could do radio and TV shows, do call-ins, and just speak to and amongst the Tamil community. Maybe we should have done more of that. But we didn’t.

Instead, we focused on the issue of international accountability and were relentless. No one person can take credit for the resolutions in Geneva. Some have said that even if I hadn’t taken part, these resolutions would have gone through. And they are likely right. However the point is, over the course of 30 odd visits to the UNHRC, we were pursuing what we believe to be the right path—that is to seek accountability for war crimes, crimes against humanity, and genocide against Tamil peoples. I have been mischaracterized on the issue of genocide. It is true that I have not said the word genocide with every other breath — I have used the term strategically.

However, the fact that the current investigation includes an investigation into genocide speaks for itself — and this did not happen by accident. I have written and said that genocide took place against Tamils in Sri Lanka, and I have also explained the challenges in proving it from a legal standpoint, yet that doesn’t mean that we shouldn’t try. To all those who have singularly pointed out that I deny genocide took place, you have either been lied to, or are lying yourself and abusing an important issue for your own political ends.”

Anandasangaree and LTTE fronts may like to answer genocide questions

  • If SL and its troops were committing ‘genocide’ why would close to 300,000 wish to flee the LTTE and enter Government controlled areas?
  • If SL and its troops were committing ‘genocide’ how come Tamil civilians were killed by LTTE when they attempted to flee?
  • If SL and its troops were committing ‘genocide’ why did LTTE kill Tamils – Tamil mayors, Tamil police officers, Tamil principals, Tamil public servants, Tamil intellectuals, Tamil moderate politicians, Tamil civilians, including their own injured/disabled cadres as well as the Tamil Foreign Minister – Lakshman Kadiragamar?

CTC Arrested

  • Sathajhan Sarachandran (Satha) – procurement of weapons for LTTE.
  • Sahilal Sabaratnam – procurement of weapons for LTTE, arrested and serving a 25 year sentence in US. Sahil was arrested in New York in August 2006 buying 20 SA – 18 heat seeking missiles, 10 missile launchers, 500 AK 47 weapons and other military equipment. Sahil operated cell headed by brother in law Thani Thanigalasam, In an open letter to the Tamil community dated August 2011, Sabaratnam, after admitting that he was a one-time LTTE supporter, calls on his compatriots to eschew armed conflict. He also implicates CTC as a group that believed in a ‘violent solution.”
  • LTTE US Chief Karunakaran Kandasamy, currently serving in a US prison

CTC links to other LTTE fronts

  • Arrested Sathajhan Sarachandran is the former President of the Tamil Youth Organization’s Toronto Chapter (Stewart Bell, Canadian journalist). A statement through his lawyer while in prison indicates the links between Tamil Youth Organization-LTTE and the CTC.
  • Arrested Sahil Sabaratnam was the Communications Director of the CTC
  • Karunakaran Kandasamy (director US branch raised millions for LTTE through TRO) – charged for providing material support to LTTE
  • Vijayshanthar Patpanathan (Chandru) – charged for providing material support to LTTE
  • CTC liaised with the Tamil Rehabilitation Organization (banned by several countries) and the Social Economical Development Organization for Tamils (SEDOT) both fronts of LTTE established to procure arms from overseas. CTC liaised with TRO Leader KP Reggie and SEDOT leader Castro. Both entities funded LTTE delegations to travel to Geneva as bogus human rights champions
  • Canadian Tamil Congress (CTC) launched Balasingham’s book War and Peace on September 30, 2005 at Tabaret hall, University of Ottawa in Ottawa.(CTC avoided identifying Balasingham as the principal advisor to LTTE leader) CTC statement Dr Balasingham is the chief negotiator of the Norwegian mediated peace process in Sri Lanka, representing the Island’s Tamil community.”
  • Muraly Srinarayanathas, seeking Liberal Party nomination for the Scarborough Agincourt riding – Muraly’s father is Navaratnam Srinarayanathas, a former office bearer of the Transnational Government of Tamil Eelam
  • Muraly’s uncle Ranjan Sri Ranjan is the former President of CTC and the current President of the National Council of Canadian Tamils (NCCT) – both designated as terrorist fronts
  • Gary Anandasangaree’s uncle Ramalingam Abayaharan is associated with the World Tamil Movement.
  • Gary Anandasangaree was at the launch of the book on Prabhakaran at the Civic Centre in Scarborough on July 17, 2013. Photo available of Mathagal Kannan, the top LTTE fundraiser in Canada is in front of Anandasangaree, and Senthilkumaran, another LTTE fundraiser in Canada is next to Poopalapillai.

At the launch of Prabhakaran’s book, aspiring Canadian Liberal Party politician Gary Anandasangaree amidst LTTE supporters and terrorist fundraisers

CTC’s National Spokesperson David Poopalapillai receiving Prabhakaran’s biography.

NOTICE THE IMAGES OF PRABAKARAN IN THE BACKGROUND LEFT

  • Sufficient photographs are available to show links and connections of all LTTE fronts and members of the TNA who are regularly funded to attend overseas meetings and address members of these LTTE fronts

TNA leaders Sambanthan and Sumanthiran with Canadian Tamil Congress / British Tamil Forum and TGTE leaders in Canada.

CTC camouflages itself:

  • 46,000 dollars at the Center for Addiction and Mental Health (CAMH)
  • planted hundreds of trees in Bob Hunter Memorial Park in 2012
  • If you cant give money – give awards! CTC awards Toronto Police Chief Bill Blair for his exceptionally good handling of the 2009 peaceful Tamil protest and his contribution to Toronto.
  • cheque for $65,000 presented to Holland Bloorview Kids Rehabilitation Hospital Foundation 2013

Pro-LTTE media with FM long range

  • Television / Radio stations across Canada to grip the Tamil community
  • Canadian Tamil Broadcasting Corporation and Geethavaani (established by Raj Kumar  in 1991. His name features on WTM, Montreal and Canadian Tamil Congress, Toronto records Kandiah Sivasothy used CTBC to raise funds following LTTE overrunning Elephant Pass in April 2000 – Canadian $90,000 was collected while Nada R Raj Kumar, Director, Geethavaani radio collected CD 50,000 and money given to World Tamil Movement leaders who transferred money to purchase arms from North Korea)
  • CMR and Vanakkam – Tamil radio stations
  • Canadian Multicultural Radio
  • Tamil Vision International – funded by foreign LTTE wing leader Veerakathy Manivannan (castro) committed suicide and his deputy Perinpanayagam Sivaparan (Nediyawan) operates LTTE media from Oslo, Norway. , CTC placed an advertisement on TVI requesting its viewers and Tamil voters to vote for these ten candidates and elect them as representatives of their electoral divisions (violation of Canada’s Election Act)

Foreign connections

  • Amnesty International’s Jim McDonald, ‘Country Specialist on Sri Lanka’. His bias and credibility came into question in 2006 as using cluster bombs.
  • Amnesty International also accepted Canadian $50,000 from Canadian Tamil Congress an LTTE-front thus compromising its credibility. CTC Members even wore AI t-shirts at the Palo Alto event.
  • Amnesty International also attempts to project LTTE cadre Vany Kumar as an innocent British student as witness in the war zone during the last phase of the war when in fact she was attached to the TYO UK.
  • Amnesty International agreed with Channel 4 that Issipriya was a civilian inspite of evidence of her holding rank of Lt. Col in the LTTE, being married to an LTTE sea tiger and working for the LTTE’s channel ‘Voice of Tigers’.
  • Nevertheless the Canadian Tamil Congress was in for a shock when HRW’s Jo Becker released a 45 page report in March 2006 titled Funding the ‘Final War’: LTTE Intimidation and Extortion in the Tamil Diaspora. Incidentally, the report has been removed from the internet and therefore the UN panel would need to request HRW for a copy since the period covers the period mandated by the UN Investigation team

Canadians support pro-LTTE groups

  • Bob Rae Chair and President ofForum of Federations, met S.P. Thamilselvan in Kilinochchi in August 2004 – for 13 years the Liberal Party has watched LTTE blossom in Canada and Bob Rae was the Leader of the Liberal Party.
  • Canadian Finance Minister Paul Martin / Ms. M. Minna and several MPs attended an LTTE fundraiser in 2000
  • MP Roxanne James attends Canadian Tamil Congress Gala Dinner January 2014
  • Deputy Mayor Jack Heath for City of Markham,
  • Dr. Helena Jackzek, MPP Oakridges-Markham for Government of Ontario
  • Mr. Chris Alexander, MP Ajax-Pickering for Government of Canada.
  • Ms. Olivia Chow, MP as she came to thank CTC for honouring her late husband Jack Layton with Service Excellence Award” in the 2012 Pongal dinner.
  • Justine Trudeau – Chief Guest at CTC Pongal Gala 2011
  • January 2014, Thai Pongal CTC event had the following invitees:

Federal Citizenship and Immigration Minister Hon. Chris Alexander, Ontario Premier Hon. Kathleen Wynne, , Parliamentary Assistant to the Prime Minister M.P. Paul Calandra, Markham Mayor Frank Scarpitti, John Tory, York Region Police Chief Eric Jolliffe, as well as numerous other MPs and MPPs, Consul General for India in Toronto Mr. Akhilesh Mishra, U.S. Consulate General Vice Consul in Toronto Mr. David Swalley.

Keynote address delivered by Mr. C.V.K. Sivagnanam, Chairman of Northern Provincial Council in Sri Lanka.

Ontario PC and Official Opposition Leader Mr. Tim Hudak made the announcement on the initiative to reintroduce the bill in Ontario to declare January as Tamil Heritage Month.

Service Excellence Award” was awarded to the Sri Lanka based Uthayan” Newspaper. Photographs of event :

http://www.canadiantamilcongress.ca/article.php?lan=eng&cat=pr&id=118

Inspite of the links and intelligence information available on the links of CTC to other LTTE fronts including those banned by the Canadian Government, CTC events draw many Canadians which warrants the Canadian authorities to ask themselves how far they are willing to accept white collared terrorism inside Canada.

It is also a good time for Sri Lanka to take action against the Tamil National Alliance for its continued links and association with the entities banned under UNSC Resolution 1373.

 

 

 

 

GOSL Names and Bans LTTE Fronts: Tamil Rehabilitation Organization (TRO)  

October 7th, 2014

Shenali D Waduge

What emerges from correlating and connecting the various fronts of the LTTE, how they have formed and who controls and runs them it is clear and shocking to acknowledge how Tamils would set up a cozy network for themselves and their families overseas and brainwash innocent Tamil youth to take up arms while ordinary Tamils end up providing the funding for a make-believe Eelam that they had been sold. The LTTE and its ground force may have created the terror but the means to carry out the terror was enabled by these foreign-based LTTE fronts and their crimes need to now be held accountable and should not be omitted for accountability by the UNHRC Investigation Team.

 India was the first to proscribe LTTE after it assassinated Rajiv Gandhi in 1992. US was the 1st Western Government to designate LTTE as a Foreign Terrorist Organization on 8 Oct 1997, then on 2 Nov 2001, US named LTTE as a Specially Designated Global Terrorist (SDGT). UK banned LTTE in 2000. Canada proscribed LTTE in 2006.

That the LTTE had a group of people to steer it from overseas is evident from the manner it knew to manipulate the charity/NGO set up to its advantage as far back as in the 1980s.

Though the TRO emerged as the humanitarian/charity face of the LTTE in 1985. Another unknown entity known as MUST – Medical Unit Service of Tamils was formed earlier comprising PLOTE, EPRLF, TELO and EROS. MUST was said to be the brainchild of Douglas Devananda the leader of the EPDP. TRO was formed so that then Chief Minister M G R Ramachandran could send state funding to the Tamil militant groups. TRO thus was registered as a charity under the Tamil Nadu Cooperative Law to address and enable LTTE to receive Rs.30m and Rs.10m to the other Tamil militant groups in state funding.

  • TRO relocated to Jaffna after the Indo-Lanka Accord in 1987. 
  • TRO relocated to Kilinochchi after Sri Lankan Troops took control of Jaffna in 1995. (Why would TRO wish to relocate itself away from Government control and into LTTE controlled areas is a question never answered)
  • Dr. Jeyarajan Maheswaran alias Jay Maheswaran, the International Coordinator for the Tamil Rehabilitation Organization participated in the GOSL-LTTE peace talks in 2002-2003 as a member of the LTTE delegation. Dr. Maheswaran was also the LTTE’s Economic Advisor during World Bank & ADB discussions in 2005.

 Canada

  • a Special Canadian Senate Committee had identified TRO as a group raising money for guns and materials used by the Tamil Tigers.
  • 13 June 2008 – Canada proscribed World Tamil Movement under Anti-Terrorism Act of Canada. The Office of the Superintendent of Financial Institutions advised banks and insurance companies to notify the Royal Canadian Mounted Police or Canadian Security Intelligence Service on accounts linked to the WTM. RCMP’s document on WTM as ‘the Canadian arm of the LTTE’. An ‘operational manual’ dated 28 July 2003 from LTTE leader Prabakaran to WTM gives instructions on raising funds for the LTTE and indoctrinating the youth.
  • RCMP accuses TRO Canada for ties to LTTE We believe that there are reasonable grounds for concern that TRO (Canada) operates for purposes that conflict with Canadian public policy”. The head of Canada’s charities directorate wrote “More specifically, there appears to be reason to conclude that TRO (Canada) may be functioning as part of a support network for the terrorist organization Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam.”  

Australia

  • TRO Australia has been functioning for over 10 years and Australian Tamils of Sri Lankan origin have been generously contributing to the TRO fund. Most of these contributions come from respected professionals.
  • TRO has no declared how monies collected in Australia are sent to Sri Lanka despite allegations that funds from Australian Tamils end up with the LTTE.
  • Nagarajah Narednran an Australian citizen is a director of ITRO and involved in TRO work in Australia.
  • A letter by Nagarajah Narendran in 1995 to the Sri Lanka High Commissioner in Australia clarifies that “ITRO London is the representative body of the TRO overseas branches”.
  • 2005 – Mr John Paul Murphy, Labour Party Member of Parliament for the Lowe electorate, who represents a constituency in Sydney with a sizeable concentration of voters of Sri Lankan Tamil origin had asked why the Australian Government does not fund TRO. In reply Mr Downer, Australian Foreign Minister said that the Australian Government has not funded TRO’s development program because of its association with the LTTE.
  • 2005 – Pro-LTTE organisation, Australasian Federation of Tamil Associations has written to Parliamentarians with requests for direct assistance to the TRO.
  • 2005 – The Tamil Coordinating Committee, a pro LTTE organisation also banned by the GOSL, has set up various committees including media and political committees to canvass support for TRO’s disaster relief fund
  • Secretary of the Australasian Federation of Tamil Associations has described the Tamils Rehabilitation Organisation as a people-centred organisation
  • TRO functions in Australia as a company limited by guarantee and has been registered as such with the Australian Securities and Investments Commission. Tamils Rehabilitation Organisation (Australia) Limited. TRO is also registered under the same company name as a charity in New South Wales under provisions of the Charitable Fundraising Act, 1991.

 UK

  • The earliest action against an LTTE front organization was taken in the U.K., when in October 2000 (even before the LTTE was eventually proscribed in the UK in February 2001), an investigation was launched into the activities of the TRO in UK, and the organization was subsequently removed from the register of charities by the UK Charity Commission on 10 August 2005.
  • The TRO was the subject of a UK Charity Commission Inquiry from 2000 to 2005, after the commission received allegations that the charity was supporting terrorist activity by transferring funds to Sri Lanka in support of LTTE.
  • The Commission found that “the Trustees had not been able to account satisfactorily for the application of charitable funds of the Charity and also concluded that the trustees were not administering the charity to an acceptable standard.” …TRO Sri Lanka liaised with the LTTE in determining where funds could be applied” and also that the trustees of TRO/UK exercised little or no control over the application of funds in Sri Lanka and failed to demonstrate a clear audit trail relating to expenditure. They also failed to provide the commission with any explanation as to the provenance of some of the funds received from the US and Canada.”
  • Although the TRO was de-listed from the charitable organizations list in the UK, it continues to collect funds within the UK, through White Pigeon”, another front organization of the LTTE. (It is noteworthy that subsequently both the TRO and White Pigeon were proscribed in the US in 2007.) 
  • Upon TRO’s ban it quickly rechristened itself as the International Tamil Rehabilitation Organization in August 2005
  • TRO ban could not stop TRO’s transfer of 5million pounds to White Pigeon sformed by Dr. Sathyamoorthy
  • White Pigeon also was investigated as it had regularly transferred funds to the World Tamil Relief Fund bank account in the Bumiputhra Commerce Bank in Kuala Lumpur from which military hardware was purchased for the LTTE.
  • The TRO-ITRO link is clearly established with Dr. Sathyamoorthy functioning as Chairman TRO (UK)/trustee and Director of ITRO.
  • TRO’s bank accounts in London were frozen following accusations that its monies were going to the LTTE after a complaint by Lord Avebury, the then Vice Chairman of the British Parliamentary Human Rights Group
  • The TRO is said to have admitted to British authorities that since 1995 it has sent approximately 2.5mpounds tax free (of the 3m pounds raised) from UK to the LTTE via the TRO disguised as “rehabilitation work”.
  • The TRO has also admitted that it has no staff costs as staff work for the Housing Association receiving salaries (worth 1.5m pounds) from the British tax payer.(Are the British authorities not concerned that LTTE fronts are exploiting the ‘charity status’ and defrauding the British treasury, Her Majesty’s Inland Revenue & Her Majesty’s Customs & Excise?)

 US

  • 15 November 2007, using Executive Order 13224 the U.S. Government designated the Tamils Rehabilitation Organization (TRO) as a terrorist entity and froze the assets of the TRO in the US. It is now listed in the SDN list of the US Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) under the US Department of Treasury.  
  • Important Quote  by The Department of Treasury stated that “T.R.O. passed off its operations as charitable, when in fact it was raising money for a designated terrorist group responsible for heinous acts of terrorism … in the United States, T.R.O. has raised funds on behalf of the LTTE through a network of individual representatives. According to sources within the organization, T.R.O. is the preferred conduit of funds from the United States to the LTTE in Sri Lanka”
  • TRO’s IRS Form 990 reported that the group raised over $1.6 million in 2006.
  • TRO US President was N.A. Ranjithan
  • TRO was in fact acting as a front to facilitate funding to support LTTE, it purchased munitions, equipment, communication devices and other technology for the LTTE. These satisfactorily ties TRO to engagement in terrorism, material support to a designated terrorist entity and aiding and abetting terrorism. All those associated with TRO holding positions/office and supporting it stand accused of material support and should be charged. The Sri Lankan External Affairs ministry must use the US Supreme Court ruling on ‘material support’ to tie all LTTE fronts.
  • TRO was banned in the US in 2007 after a FBI investigation of its activities, transactions and arrests in 2006-2007 in US, Guam for raising funds, money laundering, purchase of military equipment, accessories and attempt to bribe state department offices to remove LTTE from the foreign terrorist organization list, to obtain classified intelligence as well as influence US congressmen
  • Starting in 2001, the FBI developed a comprehensive understanding of how the LTTE earned money from human smuggling. Vijayshanthar Patpanathan alias Chandru was in charge of LTTE fundraising. The deputy head of the LTTE in the US, Chandru was also in charge of the revenue for the Tamil Rehabilitation Organisation (TRO), the main LTTE front for raising and moving funds for procurement and other illegal activities.

2007

  • US proscribes TRO after investigating it for activities that covered money laundering to purchase arms & equipment & bribing state department officials to remove LTTE from the list of foreign terrorist organizations & to purchase classified intelligence concerning the LTTE & influencing US congressman.
  • SL proscribes TRO and froze Rs.71million in its Sri Lankan accounts

2006

  • International Leader of the Tamil Rehabilitation Organization (TRO), Dr. Murugan Vinayagamurthi and his wife were taken in to custody in the US.  2006 arrest of a British NHS GP at Forest Primary Care Center in Edmonton a Dr. Murugesu Vineyagamoorthy & his wife Dr. Pushpan in New York by the FBI. Both had attempted to bribe US Justice of Dept official with $1million in exchange for removing LTTE from FBI’s list of banned terrorist organizations in the US. Dr. Murugesu was also charged with facilitating the purchase of American made missiles & British submarine technology for the LTTE.
  • Business Risk Research Ltd paper on “the nexus between financial crime, money laundering & terrorist financing” covers the founder of Galleon Raj Rajaratnam who came under US federal probe during investigations on the Tamil Rehabilitation Organization an LTTE front organization posing as a charity. Rajaratnam was accused of earning $36m illegal profits through insider trading.
  • According to The Financial Times, Rajaratnam had returned to Sri Lanka in 2002 and had invested $100m in Sri Lanka’s stock market. He was also under investigation in Sri Lanka for links with the Tamil Rehabilitation Organization. TRO was banned by the US in 2007 for links with the LTTE. ABC News reported that TRO had received $3.5m from Rajaratnam. There is also a civil lawsuit filed in the Brooklyn District Court, US against Rajaratnam & his father for supporting the LTTE.
  • On Oct. 22, 2009, Motley Rice, with co-counsel Lite DePalma Greenberg, LLC, of Newark, N.J., filed the complaint against Rajaratnam, his father and the TRO on behalf of more than 30 victims and survivors of the terrorist group’s attacks, alleging that they knowingly provided financial and other support to the LTTE. The complaint was the result of a year-long investigation and was filed under the Alien Tort Claims Act of 1789, which grants non-U.S. citizens access to the U.S. Courts to seek justice for violations of the law of nations,” such as crimes against humanity. 
  • From 2004 through 2009, LTTE conducted hundreds of attacks, including several suicide bombings directed at civilians. According to the FBI, LTTE is responsible for the murders of more than 4,000 people since 2006. Plaintiffs also alleged Rajaratnam and the Rajaratnam Family Foundation donated more than $5 million to the LTTE through the TRO. Between 2001 and 2007, the U.S. Department of Treasury designated the TRO as a charitable organization that acts as a front to facilitate fundraising and procurement for the LTTE.”

·         Thus, on 28 April 2014, the U.S. District Judge rules civil litigation involving alleged financial support to LTTE may proceed against the Sri Lankan-born American citizen and founder of the hedge fund management firm Galleon Group, Rajakumara Raj” Rajaratnam, and his father J.M. Rajaratnam’s alleged role in knowingly and purposefully providing millions of dollars to the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Elam (LTTE) terrorist group.

 

France

  • TRO France alone has raised. 7.2million Euro during 2006 for the LTTE (each Tamil family had been forced to pay 2000 euros per year and shop keepers made to pay 6000 euros) 
  • Lawrence Thilakar, former leader of the LTTE International Secretariat in Paris was appointed as TRO’s Planning/Program Officer & functioned under a pseudonym Lawrence Christie. 

Denmark

  • TRO Denmark has assets amounting to DKK 52,000 (over 7000 euros) frozen for supporting LTTE
  • Denmark Government proscribed TRO Denmark 5 days after US ban in 2007.
  • TRO Denmark had to close down its offices in Denmark in July 2008 after members fell dramatically making it unable to even pay rent.

 Sri Lanka

  • TRO became recognized as a legitimate NGO following the 2002 Cease Fire Agreement.
  • UNICEF worked with TRO to carry out the Action Plan for Children Affected by War, a signed human rights agreement between the LTTE and the government to help children affected by the conflict in the North and East Sri Lanka.
  • The University Teachers for Human Rights (Jaffna) has alleged that the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) organization has faked the alleged abduction of seven Tamil Rehabilitation Organization (TRO) personnel at Welikande on the Batticaloa – Polonnaruwa border in two separate incidents on Jan 29th and 30th of 2006. Special report No 20 released on April 2nd titled Terrorism, Counterterrorism and Challenges to Human Rights Advocacy” has cited sources close to family members of one abducted person saying that the LTTE has told them not to worry as the missing persons were safe with the LTTE.

http://transcurrents.com/tamiliana/archives/125

  • December 2009 – CID on Sunday arrested the Finance Division head of the Tamil Rehabilitation Organisation (TRO). The suspect has admitted to his interrogators that he transferred millions of rupees to the LTTE accounts from the TRO funds

 Moreover the UN Expert Panel has to be faulted for using Tamil Rehabilitation Organization as a source for the compilation of their report inspite of its ban and link to the LTTE.

 What is essentially clear is that the TRO and an umbrella of other Tamil Diaspora associations disguising themselves as ‘charities’ ‘NGO’ ‘human rights advocates’ had been collecting funds, providing material support and fooling scores of foreign citizens into donating funds for a ‘cause’ that was meant to keep a terrorist movement alive while they bathed in luxury living.

 It is time to wonder exactly how many Tamils were fooled by the Tamils themselves.

 Shenali D Waduge

සජින්, ක්ෂෙනුකා ගේ වැඩ තහනම් කළ යුතුයි – රජීව

October 7th, 2014

BBC

බ්‍රිතාන්‍යයේ හිටපු ශ්‍රී ලංකා මහ කොමසාරිස් දොස්තර ක්‍රිස් නෝනිස්ට පහරදීමේ චෝදනාව සම්බන්ධ පරීක්ෂණය පැවැත්වීමට ප්‍රථම සජින් ද වාස් ගුණවර්ධන මන්ත්‍රීවරයාගේ වැඩ තහනම් කළ යුතුව තිබුණු බව ආණ්ඩු පක්ෂ මන්ත්‍රීවරයෙක් පවසයි.

විදේශ අමාත්‍යංශයේ ලේකම් ක්ෂෙනුකා සෙනවිරත්නගේ නමද සිදුවීමට සම්බන්ධ වී තිබෙන බැවින් පරීක්ෂණය අවසාන වන තුරු විදේශ ලේකම්වරියගේද වැඩ තහනම් කිරීම ජනාධිපති මහින්ද රාජපක්ෂ විසින් ගතයුතුව තිබුණු ඥානාන්විත පියවර බවද පාර්ලිමේන්තු මන්ත්‍රී මහාචාර්ය රජීව විජේසිංහ බීබීසී සංදේශයට පැවසීය.

පසුගිය සැප්තැම්බර් 24 වැනි දින නිවුයෝක් නුවර පැවති සාදයකදී විදේශ අමාත්‍යංශයේ ලේකම් සජින් ද වාස් ගුණවර්ධන මන්ත්‍රීවරයා තමන්ට පහරදුන් බව හිටපු මහකොමසාරිස් දොස්තර ක්‍රිස් නෝනිස් සංදේශයට පැවසීය.

ඒ පිළිබඳව තමන් එදිනම ජනාධිපති මහින්ද රාජපක්ෂට දැනුම් දුන් බවද දොස්තර නෝනිස් සඳහන් කරයි.

සමස්ත සිදුවීම ශ්‍රී ලංකාවට බරපතල කැළලක් බව පවසන මහාචාර්ය රජීව විජේසිංහ, ඇමතිවරයා හෝ නියෝජ්‍ය ඇමතිවරයා වෙනුවට අමාත්‍යංශයේ අධීක්ෂණ මන්ත්‍රීවරයාට තීරණ ගැනීමේ සම්පූර්ණ බලතල හිමිවීම හමුවේ අමාත්‍යංශයේ විනය සහ සියලු කටයුතු අඩපණ වී තිබෙන බවත් සඳහන් කරයි.

රාජ්‍යතාන්ත්‍රික සේවයේ නියුතු උගත්, බුද්ධිමත් තානාපතිවරුන් ඉවත්කොට ජාත්‍යන්තර තලයේ ජනාධිපතිවරයා කොන් කිරීමේ සංවිධානාත්මක ක්‍රියාවලියක් පිළිබඳව මීට වසරදෙකකට ඉහතදී තමන් ලියූ ලිපියක අඩංගු වූ කරුණු දැන් සනාථ වී තිබෙන බවත් මහාචාර්යවරයා පවසයි.

විශේෂයෙන්ම විදේශ ලේකම් ක්ෂෙනුකා සෙනවිරත්න ශ්‍රී ලංකාවේ අන්තර්ජාතික සම්බන්ධතා කඩාකප්පල් කිරීමට උත්සාහ දරා තිබෙන බවට මීට පෙර තමන් කරුණු සහිතව පෙන්වා දී තිබෙන බවද ඔහු සඳහන් කළේය.

‘කේලම් කිවුවා’

ඉන්දියාවේ විදේශ ඇමතිනී සුෂ්මා ස්වරාජ් විරුද්ධ පක්ෂ මන්ත්‍රීවරියකව සිටියදී ශ්‍රී ලංකාවේ සංචාරය කළ අවස්ථාවේ ඇය මුණනොගැසෙන මෙන් විදේශ ලේකම්වරිය ජනාධිපතිවරයාට බලපෑම් කිරීම ඒ පිලිබඳ ආසන්තම උදාහරණයක් බවද මහාචාර්ය විජේසිංහ සංදේශයේ සරෝජ් පතිරණ සමඟ සාකච්ඡාවකට එක්වෙමින් කියා සිටියේය.

“කේලම් කිවුව ජනාධිපතිතුමාට. ජනාධිපතිතුමා එයාව බලන්නේ නැතුව ඉන්න හැදුවා,”යනුවෙන්ද ඔහු පැවසීය.

Full Story

http://www.bbc.co.uk/sinhala/sri_lanka/2014/10/141006_rajiva_nonis_sajin

WITNESS’S ACCOUNTS ON SRI LANKA ASYLUM SEEKERS

October 7th, 2014

By Dead and  Missing  Person’s Parents Front                                                     

NANDANI ‘RAPE’ STORY WINS HER ASYLUM IN UK

Sri Lanka’s Unfinished War a BBC Documentary presented by Frances Harrison fulfilled every criteria of an attention-grabbing piece of fiction. Unfortunately, the story that emerges is very much a piece of fiction as evidence will expose not only the story of Nandani but a  dangerous racket taking place in the UK manipulating the innocent  asylum seekers to live in Western nations.

The version we present is no fiction but it will alarm and shock readers making them wonder if such actions can take place in the UK under the eyes of democracy, rule of law and equal justice.

It will establish a link that would require British authorities arrest the evil minds involved in the asylum racket making money out of a desire to want to live in a First World Nation.

We do not blame Nandani. There are thousands of females like Nandani who have fallen prey to the advice given simply because they either want to join their husbands or to just tell their family back home that they are earning dollars and pounds.

Sri Lanka’s Unfinished War” BBC documentary released in November 2013 ahead of Sri Lanka’s Commonwealth Summit. Frances Harrison believes the 12 cases presented established judgment against the Sri Lankan security forces of being involved in the torture and rape of Tamil civilians.

According to Frances Harrison the viewers are left to conclude that:

  • Systematic and widespread rape exists in Sri Lanka committed during and after the war by the Sri Lankan military
  • Nandani becomes the 1st post-conflict rape to be made public
  • The security forces are guilty because medical reports corroborate their stories

NANDANI’S VERSION AND THE TRUTH

N_mother_4

We have spoken to Nandani’s mother, who lives in Jaffna with Nandani’s other sister who has not heard from her daughter nor has the daughter economically helped her mother. Nandani’s mother was questioned about Nandani to show there is an organized racket taking place to make money from asylum seekers. They are trained on what to say, they agree to be subjected to physical torture which a medical officer endorses as being recent and proof to claim them victims while alleging the perpetrator to be the Sri Lankan military.

The presenter of the BBC documentary would not have expected Nandani’s mother to be traced and for Nandani’s mother and sister to deny all that Nandani had confidently revealed.

The most important thing that emerges is the inconsistencies: Nandani says she was picked up from her home in early 2013 in the BBC documentary – her mother says that Nandani left for the UK in 2012 which next leads to the question how did she get picked up from her home and raped by 5-6 security personnel?

Nandani’s home is in Nallur, Jaffna, Northern Province. However, Nandani had not been living with her mother in Nallur. She had been in a lodging in Colombo from 2006 to 2012. Her mother was not living with her in Colombo but was living in Jaffna with Nandani’s sister.

  • Nandani says she was picked up from her ‘home’ and repeatedly raped by men in uniform.
  • Nandani says her mother tried to stop the men from taking her but her mother was pushed to the ground
  • Nandani says she cant sleep because of what happened, she feels suicidal and she doesn’t feel like living.

THE TRUTH

  • Nandani’s real name is Muturasa Nandani / Nalaini. She is also known as Lucky
  • Nandani is 35 years old born 25 February 1979
  • Nandani’s home is 90/1,Asirwaddapa Street, Nallur East, Jaffna
  • Nandani does not mention she is married in the documentary. She was married to a pro LTTE activist, Uhan Padmarasa.
  • Uhan Padmarasa was sent by the LTTE to the UK in 1995 and has been living there since then.
  • Uhan and Nandani got married in India in mid 2000 because he could not arrive in Sri Lanka knowing authorities would arrest him.Wedding
  • Nandani had tried numerous times to gain visa but had failed. The last option was the rape card and the syndicate was already in place to offer the option of claiming rape by Sri Lankan soldiers and appealing for asylum. This process of course does not come cheap and the minimum cost is sterling pounds 5000-6000 plus various other charges citing different reasons and requirements.
  • Nandani’s mother confirms that since her daughter left for the UK in 2012 she had only spoken once to her. She would have had to illegally leave Sri Lanka because had she got a visa she would not have resorted to using the ‘rape’ story to gain asylum.

LEGAL ASSISTANCE

Asylum seekers entering UK are offered legal counsel costing  5000-6000 sterling pounds as legal fees, in addition to sterling pounds 1500 processing fees to succeed in gaining asylum status in the UK.As per the asylum seekers some of the agents and solicitors they obtain the services to make asylum claims are Deva, Theepan, Jana, Ravi, Mathi, Anoja Naha and Company, Kananathan, Vasugi

Location of Ravi Solicitor

Location of Nathan Solicitors

 PHYSICAL SCARRING

The journey in obtaining asylum entails agreement of the following physical tortures:

  • Being burnt with cigarette butts
  • Being beaten with hot metal rods
  • Being cut and scarred to show physical torture.

Nandani house

There are many places where asylum seekers with the advice of Solicitors get themselves scarred and burned. One such place that witnesses reported where the self inflicted wounds were carried out is located at 53, South End Lane, Bromley, SE6 3AB (With Red Van) belonging to Pirakash Gobalasingham who has close links to the TRO.

MEDICAL CLAIMS

The next is to obtain medical corroboration. Whether British medical doctors are involved in the scam or not, (given that the asylum seekers have actually been subject to virtual physical torture (in the UK) ), these doctors naturally endorse the RECENT torture and that is sufficient to argue the case against the Sri Lankan armed forces alleging that post-conflict torture is systematic, widespread and continues giving credence for UK to grant asylum and save Tamils from being oppressed.

Dr. Alison Callaway who has been examining over 200 cases of ALLEGED torture from Sri Lanka for the past 5 years shows that this practice of physical torture induced in the UK as part of securing asylum has prevailed for 5 years.

Dr. Alison’s examination of Nandani as having over 30 cigarette butt burns on her body including her genitals shows that Nandani has agreed to allow herself to burn her body including her genital area. It fits perfectly into the version that Frances Harrison wishes to project that ‘rape and torture’ is systematic, widespread and recent. What a perfect way to inflict wounds in the UK to establish the argument and ‘corroborate’ through medical practitioners report and examination! This should shock the British public that such practices prevails in the UK and it is a systematic profit making practice within a chain of irregularities granting asylum. 

The BBC also highlights the report of 62 alleged rape cases, even without verifying its authenticity even these cases cannot be categorized or called ‘systematic’ ‘widespread’ or called a ‘war crime’ not even a ‘pattern’ can be proved except used in a smear campaign.

Dr. Alison says that the over 200 cases cannot be faked. She is correct. There is nothing to fake. Even the pain Nandani describes is very real. What needs to be made clear is that the pain was not caused in Sri Lanka or by the Army but in the UK. The scars are really inflicted but not without consent. That consent comes with the assurance of obtaining asylum.

Just as Dr. Alison is fooled so is Dr. Frank Arnold, who is an expert on torture. These examining show that physical tortures are regularly taking place in the UK under consent for sterling pounds 5000-6000 on the understanding that it would lead to UK granting asylum. When Dr. Frank Arnold says ‘it would be impossible for the wounds reported to be self-inflicted’, we certainly agree. No one can inflict such wounds on his/her own body. But what if they agree to get themselves wounded in order to secure asylum? Tamils arriving illegally or with student visas and who then use rape or physical torture (by showing actual physical torture inflicted with consent in the UK) as evidence. Dr. Arnold goes on to say that such wounds have to be inflicted either by being tied down or after being anaesthetized should make people start wondering where this torture takes place in the UK!

When Dr. Frank Arnold says ‘this is an organized activity’ the truth is that this organized activity is taking place in the UK.

When Dr. Arnold says ‘it is hard to believe …that this could be done without conniving of state authorities’ – it should wake up the British authorities to see how many UK passport holders are involved in this racket. This should shake the British authorities into action if not investigation of all those involved in the racket.

We have been able to unearth the lies by Frances Harrison’s key witness denied by her own mother with her sister as witness but it shows a far more dangerous ground reality which the UK authorities should address and launch an investigation upon.

UK authorities need to find out the locations where this torture is being inflicted on asylum seekers with their consent on the assurance they would get asylum after the training on what to say and how to say it, how much money is this venture generating, who is involved and exactly how global is the venture?

Courtesy http://www.eyesrilanka.com/2014/10/07/witnesss-accounts-on-sri-lanka-asylum-seekers/

Which one you prefer, Western style or Sri Lanka style breakfast?

October 7th, 2014

Dr Hector Perera          London

There is a saying that even when you take a cat to Singapore, it will still be Meowing” that means even when Sri Lankans live abroad they still prefer some Sri Lankan food. The tropical Sri Lankan breakfast is as great as the American or English one and offers a much more balanced diet with its accent on fresh local produce including fruit and unusual juices. Who would like to eat a breakfast with lots of salt, fats, additives and colourings? Say for example three or four bacon rashes, a few fried sausages, nearly a cup full of baked beans and two fried eggs then sprinkled with some salt, pepper and tomato ketchup? These kinds are acceptable as an occasional treat but not on regular basis. If there was a choice such as string hoppers, Kiri hodi” and sambol then I would certainly prefer that because of the health aspect.

We took a turn off to Kirindiweal road from the normal Kandy Colombo road then on the way the driver mentioned about a newly opened restaurant along that road. From outside it looks quite pleasant with ample parking spaces and the place was quite long and spacious. Then we went in to see what’s there to eat. To our surprise there was nothing but Sri Lankan style breakfast all at one fixed price that means eat as much as you like for one price. Have I got to name all kinds available to eat, I am sure most of you are aware, of course no bacon, sausages and baked beans. There was string hoppers, hoppers, pittu, boiled chick peas with tempered with red chillies then boiled green grams with scraped coconut and Katta sambol” and many more to choose including two kinds of wade”. I couldn’t forget the Kribath”, boiled sweet potatoes, manioc then Kiri ala” as well were there to eat and so what are we to eat?

 Milk rice is traditional on the first day of each month in many homes. Sharp spice relishes made of onions and Maldives fish (katta sambol) hot and sweet caramelized onions (seeni sambol) and traditional fish curry, Tuna ambul thial” add contrast to the creaminess of the milk rice. A delight is imbul kiribath” a sweeter version of milk rice. It consists of a mixture (panny pol) made out of grated coconut drenched in palm treacle sandwiched between white milk rice. It is customary to serve this dish at paddy harvesting and rice reaping festivals, when it is taken to the fields wrapped in lotus or banana leaves and encased in woven boxes made of rush leaves.

How would I ask the lady was there Imbul kiribath” as well when there were too many to choose? I am sure there were Pol Roti” as well, the local equivalent of leavened flat bread. It is made of wheat flour blended with grated coconut, onions and green chills and shaped into soft, small rounds. Another appetizing preparation is Godamba roti”. This is made of pliable dough, which if flipped sideways to obtain a paper thin consistency. It is cooked on a long steel griddle plate and folded neatly. The Godamba roti” with its elastic and translucent feel is delicious with chicken or mutton curry. Egg Godamba” and stuffed Godamba” with a spicy fish or chicken filling are delicious variations. Another thing sometimes they eat for breakfast is Roast paan” that is available at village bakeries or roadside cafes. Chicken or a fiery coconut sambol (pol sambol) is a spicy alternative to marmalade with the bread. An ideal picnic breakfast is bread rolls stuffed with fish and potato filling (malu paan) meat filling or the spicier onion relish filling (seeni sambol) paan.

A Sri Lankan fresh fruit breakfast platter is sensational, in appearance as well as taste. There are wide varieties of plantains such as Kolu kottu”, anamalu, ambul are favourite bananas then juicy pineapples, ripe mangoes and papaya to mellow the glow left by pungent spices. Avocado, watermelon, papaya mango and passion fruit are some of the exotic fruit juices popular with breakfast. Of course, there is also Ceylon Tea to aid digestion.

This included plenty of tea and coffee as well for the price. The serving ladies asked what else did we wanted to drink. We asked what’s available then she told there’s three or four different kinds of kenda” such as kola kenda” or Herbal porridge (kenda) prepared out of herbal leaves is an invigorating breakfast entrée. Steeped with medicinal herbal leaves such as gotukola (Centella Asiatica) wel penela (cardiospermum Halicacabum) and hathawariya (asparagus falcatus), it is claimed to be an elixir of life.  She said some days they have steamed or boiled jack and bread fruits as well for breakfast.

Have I got to explain what they normally eat pittu with? Nice creamy coconut milk with Katta sambol” or with red Pol sambol” makes a good combination. To eat hoppers, there was those kinds of sambol” plus jaggery as well. I know the people get tempted to over eat simply because they pay one price but they must understand not to exceed the limit of eating. If I said that I might as well have eaten a little bit, I think it is acceptable as it was done only occasionally. If I over eaten western style breakfast then I might have over laden with too much fat, oil, sugar and salt but not this Sri Lankan style breakfast. Your comments are welcomed perera6@hotmail.co.uk

Chandrika Bandaranaike Kumaratunga is paranoiac

October 6th, 2014

By Charles S.Perera

Chandrika Kuaratunga  besides being a former President of Sri Lanka, is a person representing a respected political family, but her random statements to the press has turned her into  a disreputable member of that family.

She is extremely paranoiac and her statements on political issues in Sri Lanka are irrelevant, lacking mature political analysis.  She is driven by anger, hatred, and jealousy .  Hence she cannot think clearly and evaluate correctly the present political evolutions. She is in a way no better than the politicians of the UNP and the JVP, who keep harping on President  Mahinda Rajapakse’s third term without awaiting a legal clarification  which is a better way of  challenging the President seeking a third time.

Sri Lanka has evolved from its aristocratic and colonial past, and progress as a modern Sovereign State with a civilised culture with a Buddhist background. Politicians should   therefore re-evaluate their own mental progress before making inapt remarks about its people, social set up, and new Sri Lankan democratic political deverlopments.

The Leader of UNP Ranil Wickramasighe has left Sri Lanka to attend the UK Conservative Party Conference. That is the political allegiance UNP has and if they ever come into power Sri Lanka will be a pawn in the hands of the Western power block, developing relation with the Tamil diaspora.  Those who criticise the President Mahinda Rajapakse should make a note as to where Sri Lanka will end with a UNP Government.

Chandrika Kumaratunga will not be a suitable President to lead Sri Lanka as it is today. But before Chandrika even think again of a political resurgence in Sri Lanka she has to cure herself of her psychological impediments.

Chandrika being a woman of the world  more often in the West than in Sri Lanka should  know by now that there are new labour values. Though in the West there is still a Class distinction, no employment is considered low or disrespectful.

But she makes derogatory remarks of our Soldiers who after eliminating the terrorists have turned to build their motherland to fit itself into the progress it is making into modernity.  Not only does she make derogatory remarks , but also makes out that our  heroic soldiers are a sort of a secret service.

In an interview to the Aththa” newspaper Chandrika has expressed fears  that a military rule would be established in Sri Lanka.  The reason for her  assumption is that “… Today even the roads are being swept by the military.  Even the drains in front of my house are being cleaned by them. My greatest fear is whether they will commit a massive destruction by discarding their brooms for weapons at a crucial time when then public attempts to bring about a change.”

With her paranoia raising its head she creates a frightful mental image of  menace coming from Soldiers cleaning drains around her house, ..They keep a close eye on the happenings in our houses. Telephones and e mails are being monitored…  CID and State Intelligence Service personnel have been deployed at major hotels to keep tabs on who comes and goes, …Even if a friend visits my home, intelligence officers question them the following day. Not only me. Everyone who is thought to be a person disagreeing with those in power are faced with this situation. All these things visible today are signs of a military rule,”

What a small minded statement assuming her imagination to be a reflection of reality.  Chandrika today is an insignificant politician of yesterday. The government has nothing to fear from her.  But behind her imagination is the possibility of her being selected by the Opposition parties to be their common Presidential Candidate. 

Significantly in this respect she says, This is not a time to build fences based on party differences. All those who love the country should set aside their differences and join hands to salvage the country from the dark trench it has fallen into,”

On the 5 Ocober,2014  CeylonToday reported,

Kumaratunga had told Wickremesinghe that the time was opportune to scrap the executive presidential system and it was wise to move towards finding a common candidate acceptable to all political parties.
….. Wickremesinghe, on meeting the former President, had expressed his desire to contest the next presidential election and sought her support for his candidature.
Dismissing Wickremesinghe’s request, Kumaratunga had instructed the UNP leader to concentrate on the move to field a common candidate. After that, candidate wins and scraps the executive system, she pointed out, it would pave the way for Wickremesinghe to come to Parliament as Executive Prime Minister…….”
She had added that , This is not a time to build fences based on party differences. All those who love the country should set aside their differences and join hands to salvage the country from the dark trench it has fallen into,”

This is how Chandrika very cunningly manipulates opposition politicians putting herself in the place of a possible common candidate for the Presidential elections.

But that is besides the point,  when Chandrika spoke of of our valliant soldiers who have become peacetime Buddhist Soldiers building the countryside and healing the wounds, she certainly oversteps the bounds of decency of a former President.  These Soldiers were the sons and daughters of those Sinhala Buddhist countrymen who once voted her to be their President.  Therefore, what ever the government these Soldiers are serving they are still her people in service to rebuild  the  motherland, which is theirs as well as hers.

Sri Lanka is the only country in the world that has  re-employed its valiant soldiers who defeated terrorism to re build this country.  They have given up the guns, to take over  the brooms, mamoties, spades, and ploughs becoming a peace time Army .  They are our heroes now making dirty shanty towns of Colombo , Galle or Kandy beautiful cities, exchanging their military fatigues to civilian workers clothes.   How grateful we should be to them, never demeaning the work they do now, cleaning drains, building latrines, or planting flowers and becoming both external and internal decorators.  The value of their services are inestimable.

Chandrika should not be frightened of them, she should if  she is wise , generous , still with political ambitiouns should speak kindly to the Soldiers who clean her drains, and invite them to have a cup of tea with her. That should have been the reaction of a normal  former President to her people keeping her environment clean.

***********

 In the meantime, the NCP Chief Minister C.V.Wigneshwaran, who also has no respect to the Soldiers who have made it possible for him to become a Chief Minister after his retirement as a judge, had said that he does not see the reason why he should cooperate with the Ministry of Defence  when funds allocated for  development of the North comes from donor countries, which should be directed to the NCP.

But Wigneswaran  seems to be learning the reality of working with a blood thirsty group of  TNA MPs who are hell bent in dividing Sri Lanka, walking over the authority of  CM.

The Asian Tribune reported on the 3 October ,2014 that, Asian Tribune learnt that Chief Minister Vigneswaran in the course of his emotional response has told that he was not happy to identify himself with the former Tamil armed group members and, that is why he used to be associated with the Ilankai Tamil Arasu Kadchchi.

This statement of the Chief Minister brought in sharp criticism, condemnation, admonition and one MP participant recalled that when Ilankai Tamil Arasu Kadchchi proposed Vigneswaran as common candidate in the Northern Provincial Council election, Vigneswaran insisted that he should have the consensus of all the constituent parties of the TNA for him to be a common candidate.

Another participant reminded that during the election campaign Vigneswaran was heard glorifying the V. Prabhakaran, Leader of the LTTE as a great Tamil hero and how come now he says that he was not prepared to associate himself with the former leaders of Tamil armed group. The double-tongue of Vigneswaran was exposed at the meeting and chastised, it was said.”

The situation is worth watching.


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