Top Spin By Suni
January 23Ãƒ”šÃ‚ 2012
To find subject matter to entice a readership is not an easy task. To a greater extent readers Ãƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã‹Å“feed- backsÃƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã¢”ž¢ go a long way in helping a columnist to make the writing easier. Having studied, worked and lived in London I have come across many individuals, faced several situations and experienced and learnt a lot by intermingling particularly with our own kind in Britain. Such experiences and stories could at times be hilarious, now and again serious and few are original and innovative. Most of them are by far the most interesting to relate in lighter vein.
When one lives in London talking of home comfort becomes an important subject. An Englishman always treats his home as his castle.
Sri Lankan expatriate population in England has been on the increase seemingly over the decades. Among them are two schools of thought; one group who thinks that once you have emigrated to a foreign land, adaptation to the new environment is a must. Contrary to such ideology there are others who think that one must never forget oneÃƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã¢”ž¢s country, oneÃƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã¢”ž¢s own traditions and culture. So, Ãƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã‹Å“home styleÃƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã¢”ž¢ becomes a common topic to all and, in fact, it turns out to be a state of the mind.
Out of these two Sri Lankan groups one section becomes very conservative about English customs and traditions and conduct themselves in daily activities accordingly, while the others take the view that it does not matter what you do, especially inside your own home unless you do not step out of the house beyond the front door bell or up to the kitchen to put the kettle on! In this scenario it is considered that men can relax comfortably in their Sarong while the women donÃƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã¢”ž¢t have to put up with elasticised supportive systems!
The week day torment of having to wear suits, and ties all the time and jumpers, overcoats, tights and Ãƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã‹Å“Long JohnsÃƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã¢”ž¢ in winter can become a faint memory when the weekend arrives as many get into a comfortable sarong inside a heated house, however transparent and embarrassing it might look under megawatt electric bulbs; no one will bother to look at the crumpled shapeless shirt you put on either, but in Sri Lanka it is of course a different setting altogether Ãƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã¢â‚¬Å“ dress to kill for many, whether they are inside or outside the house.
In London people wear ties, socks, tights, covered shoes, hand gloves and shirts with long sleeves to protect them from cold weather.
The moment sun comes up the whole scene changes when woolies are packed away and light attire coming to the forefront.
Even the management/executive types can be seen travelling in the underground tube trains in short sleeve-shirts minus the tie; the very prim and proper types are seen carrying their folded jackets in their hand.
Unfortunately the pseudo colonial standards that are not suitable for our climate adopted still by part of our society tend to believe that if one does not wear a tie but walks about in the open wearing sandals then they are of a different breed altogether – to put boldly they are treated as Ãƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã‹Å“from the guttersÃƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã¢”ž¢! Fortunately those who adorn the national dress can escape from such gobbledygook.
Garments are basically meant to cover oneÃƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã¢”ž¢s nudity. OK, let styles and designs exist, but why on earth one section of the society is considered and treated inferior to others just because of a minority who are still being trampled by colonial boots? My heart goes for those marketing lads who go in the hot baking sun wearing ties, socks and covered shoes and carrying a multitude of gadgets to sell just to make a living. Surely a consumer is not going to be bothered or convinced from a salesmanÃƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã¢”ž¢s attire! What he/she will be looking for would be something that is moneyÃƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã¢”ž¢s worth!
In the London scene some conservative types will never possess weekend relaxed style. They are considered by others as Ãƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã‹Å“Black EnglishmenÃƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã¢”ž¢ who remain slaves to the pursuit of immaculate dress codes right throughout the weekend as well.
Imagine a Sri Lankan doing gardening wearing a three piece suit! Or sitting at the family dining table dressed up formally with a tie! Ãƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã…“No! ItÃƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã¢”ž¢s not our styleÃƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã‚, several friends tell me and confirm that even the English are increasingly coming out of their Victorian shells.
Some cannot get used to wearing a Sarong even in Sri Lanka. They would rather go for a pair of pajamas or shorts. In my thinking pajamas are the most uncomfortable night wear for men.
It just does not work and you may feel trapped and confined inside two cotton/silk legs with no flexibility, comfort or least of all ventilation one gets out of a sarong. Those who are in favour of wearing a Sarong say, Ãƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã‹Å“If you are lounging around at home reading the newspapers or gazing at the television thereÃƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã¢”ž¢s nothing to beat a sarongÃƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã¢”ž¢.
My friends tell me that the most sensible and practical thing to do on a Sunday is to Ãƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã…“hang on to your comfortable SarongÃƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã‚ and sprawl inert like a sack of Basmati rice in front of your television, eyes glazed from serious programmes to mindless advertisements and be like a king in your own castle.
Few foreign tourists (men) who have been to Sri Lanka have mastered the art of wrapping a Sarong round their waist without using a belt either and woman wrap it as a beach wear.
So the message I am getting from my old friends in London is: Ãƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã…“If you want to stretch out in your comfortable gear and air out your skin pores, hang on to your Sarong lads.Ãƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã‚
As a leading Buddhist country in the world, the Buddhists of this country should seriously consider requesting the Government of Sri Lanka to issue a commemorative postage stamp in honour of Dr. B.R. Ambedkar, for the great work he has done for his people and the cause of Buddhism in India.
Ãƒ”šÃ‚ There are 250 Million Dalits in India which is virtually 1/4th of the Indian Population.
Ãƒ”šÃ‚ Sri Lanka should befriend these people.
Ãƒ”šÃ‚ Buddhism can cement ties between Indian Dalits and Sri Lanka.
Ãƒ”šÃ‚ Mayawati, the Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh, is a staunch Buddhist. She heads the Bahujan Samaj Party, which represents the Bahujans or Dalits, the weakest strata of Indian society. This is her fourth term as Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh. She is an icon for millions of India’s Dalits. She is sometimes referred to as Behen-ji (sister).
Ãƒ”šÃ‚ Uttar Pradesh is the most populous State in India.
Ãƒ”šÃ‚ Sri Lanka should invite Mayawati to visit Sri Lanka and in turn seek the strengthening of ties between Uttar Pradesh and Sri Lanka, The Buddhist World must give her recognition outside India.
Ãƒ”šÃ‚ The example of Ambedkar embracing Buddhism should be given the widest publicity in the North and East ( as Gamini Gunawardena has suggested) to motivate the so called low caste Tamils in these areas and the Hill Country of Sri Lanka to pursue a similar path.
Ãƒ”šÃ‚ Buddhism teaches equality. This was Dr. Ambedkar’s message to his fellow Dalits.
Ãƒ”šÃ‚ Indian Dalits who are Buddhists (in the absence of Dr. Ambedkar) may well spread that message among Tamils in Sri Lanka who feel persecuted and oppressed by members of the higher profile Tamil castes.
Ãƒ”šÃ‚ Dr. Ambedkar’s legacy may well play a bigger role in Sri Lanka’s efforts at reconciliation between various communities.
What is the necessity to broach the 13 th Amendment once again, when people are beginning to forget about it,Ãƒ”šÃ‚ andÃƒ”šÃ‚ has begun to live as a free people without Indian interference into their well earned peaceÃƒ”šÃ‚ ?
It all began again with the visit of the Indian External Minister Mr.S.M.Krishna,Ãƒ”šÃ‚ who our External Affairs Minister Prof. G.L.Pieries paying him a homageÃƒ”šÃ‚ raised him to the status of a relative of the people of Sri Lanka.
TheÃƒ”šÃ‚ Minister Pr. G.L.Peries has said of the visit of theÃƒ”šÃ‚ Indian Minister of External Affairs Mr.S.M.Krishna that the Ãƒ”šÃ‚« ……the spontaneous attendance by Ãƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã‚¦Ãƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã‚¦.. S M Krishna soon after his arrival in Colombo at the Thaipongal ceremony on the invitation of President Mahinda Rajapaksa emphasized that the relations between the two countries is not just a relationship among friends but among close relatives which was exemplified vividly on this occasion. Ãƒ”šÃ‚»
Hence it is made apparent that the promise toÃƒ”šÃ‚ implement the Amendment 13 plus, is a Thaipongal gift to our PresidentÃƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã¢”ž¢sÃƒ”šÃ‚ new found Indian relative S.M.Krishna.
It is very good to accept Indians as our relatives, even if the relationship is not reciprocated by the Indians with the same sincerity with which it has been offered.
But it is a blow to the Sinhala people of Sri Lanka to adopt now the obsolete 13 Amendment in any form.Ãƒ”šÃ‚ The President Mahinda Rajapakse owes it to the people of Sri Lanka to remove the 13 th Amendment completely from the Constitution once and for all, without continuing to add insult to injury by talking not just about implementingÃƒ”šÃ‚ Amendment 13, but Amendment 13 plus.
The PresidentÃƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã¢”ž¢s offer to implement 13th Amendment plus is incoherent. It was a mere agreement accepted to facilitate a situation that existed 25 years ago.Ãƒ”šÃ‚
Apart from it having been enforced on us against the popular wish of the people it has no legal right to be included in the Constitution. Prof. G.L.Pieris is a constitutional lawyer and he should know.Ãƒ”šÃ‚
The 13th Amendment was accepted to allow the Indian Government to send a IPKF to defeat the aim of the terrorists to divide and set up a separate homeland in the North and East of Sri Lanka. It was also for the convenience of the IPKF to move freelyÃƒ”šÃ‚ in the North and East .Ãƒ”šÃ‚ The Amendment had no other interest other than to keep the terrorists at bay, without becoming a force beyond the control of the Armed Forces of Sri Lanka.
Now it is nearly twenty five years since entering into the India -Sri Lanka Agreement andÃƒ”šÃ‚ accepting the 13th Amendment. The Terrorism has been removed by the valiantÃƒ”šÃ‚ Armed Forces of Sri Lanka. The Prime Minister of India Rajiv Gandhi who forced the 13th Amendment on us was assassinatedÃƒ”šÃ‚ by the very terrorists he was trying to help, and the President JR Jayawardhana who was forced to accept itÃƒ”šÃ‚ under the then prevailing condition is now dead. IPKF was never able to defeat the terrorist.Ãƒ”šÃ‚ The mission of the IPKF in Sri Lanka was an utterÃƒ”šÃ‚ failure.
Is there, therefore, any reason why we should hold on to the absurd 13th Amendment to please India, and to satisfy the hate mongering TNA ?
Amendment 13 plus will notÃƒ”šÃ‚ be the same as Amendment 13, therefore it is far better to abrogate it, and go ahead with reconciliation of the Communities, by creating understanding and trust among them.Ãƒ”šÃ‚ If there are Tamils Groups like the TNA and the Tamil diaspora who would never want to trust the Sinhala, it is better they are left with their dissatisfactions, and communal hatred, and the Government should instead go ahead with the development ofÃƒ”šÃ‚ the country for the greater good of the rest of the people.
However, now that the President Mahinda Rajapakse has promised a 13th AmendmentÃƒ”šÃ‚ plus, let us see what is the 13th Amendment ? What were the reasons for its initial introduction ?Ãƒ”šÃ‚ Was it accepted by the people or the acceptance of it by the then President of Sri LankaÃƒ”šÃ‚ approved by the people ? Why is adopting of it would be an insult to the people of Sri Lanka, and the Soldiers who sacrificed their blood, limbs and lives to eliminate terrorism from Sri Lanka ?
The Key Provisions of the 13th Amendment are :
Ãƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã‚¢ In addition to Sinhala, Tamil ‘shall also be an official language’ of Sri Lanka, with English as a ‘link language’
Ãƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã‚¢ The north and east to be merged into one province, subject to a referendum
Ãƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã‚¢ Provincial councils to be elected every five years
Ãƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã‚¢ A governor with executive powers to be appointed by the president in each province
Ãƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã‚¢ Provincial high courts to be established
Ãƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã‚¢ ‘Reserved’ and ‘Provincial’ lists detail powers of the centre and the provinces respectively. A ‘Concurrent’ list outlines shared powers, though ultimate authority for these issues remains with Parliament
Ãƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã‚¢ Financial provision for the provinces to be directed by Parliament
Ãƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã‚¢ Provincial councils can be over-ruled by regulations promulgated by the president under theÃƒ”šÃ‚ Ãƒ”šÃ‚ Public Security Ordinance.
The circumstances under which India made the Government of Sri Lanka accept the 13th Amendment will remain a shameful episode of IndiaÃƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã¢”ž¢s arm twisting ofÃƒ”šÃ‚ the President of Sri Lanka who was in a helpless situation, where his friends in the West had abandoned him and the terrorists had an upper hand.Ãƒ”šÃ‚
It was imposed on the President JR Jayawardhana of Sri Lanka when Sri Lanka was Militarily weak and without defence
Ãƒ”šÃ‚« It is clear that the Sri Lankan government was pressured by India into signing the accord. Once it had signed, however, the government rammed the 13th amendment through Parliament despite strong opposition from inside and outside the ruling United National Party (UNP). Ãƒ”šÃ‚»
Under those circumstances, and what followedÃƒ”šÃ‚ thereafter, should we consider the relationship with India more than a friendship , a relationship between close relatives as Prof. GL Pieries had said ?
Ãƒ”šÃ‚« Indian cargo planes invaded Sri LankaÃƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã¢”ž¢s air space challenging the sovereignty of our country, and almost forced former president JR Jayawardena (JR) to Ãƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã‹Å“inviteÃƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã¢”ž¢ Rajiv Gandhi to Sri Lanka to sign the agreement and to accept the Indian Peace Keeping Force (IPKF). Sri Lanka had no alternative but to Ãƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã‹Å“surrenderÃƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã¢”ž¢ to IndiaÃƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã¢”ž¢s demands and sign a hurriedly prepared document endorsed by the Tamil separatist groups including the LTTE. Ãƒ”šÃ‚»
( http://www.lankaweb.com/news/items/2009/06/08/is-13th-amendment-to-the-constitution-practicable/Ãƒ”šÃ‚ )
There is no reason for the GovernmentÃƒ”šÃ‚ of Sri Lanka to continue with this shameful 13th Amendment.Ãƒ”šÃ‚ It is more so now after the elimination of terrorism, because it was forced on Sri Lanka when terrorists were siegedÃƒ”šÃ‚ in Jaffna which they had occupied by the Sri Lanka Armed Forces.Ãƒ”šÃ‚ In June,1987, the Sri Lanka Armed
Forces were about to defeat theÃƒ”šÃ‚ terrorist forces and liberate Jaffna, when our Ãƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã…“ friendÃƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã‚ India, intervened :
Ãƒ”šÃ‚« The BBC correspondent Mark Tully quoted the army command at Palaly having hopes of taking Jaffna within the next 48Ãƒ”šÃ‚ hours. It was at this stage that Indian Government intervened directly and decisively. Arguing that the embargo on supplies and the army offensive had rendered the people of Jaffna totally destitute, India decided to send in humanitarian relief.
The convoy of fishing vessels carrying relief supplies was sent on 3 June 1987. The flotilla was refused entry by the Sri Lankan navy. The much publicized airdrop of food packets and relief supplies over Jaffna by the Indian Air Force AN-32 transports escorted by Mirage fighters on 5 June 1987 announced the open India intervention quite dramatically. The relief mission, code-named “Operation Eagle”,Ãƒ”šÃ‚ violating the air space of Sri Lanka was calculated to convey to the Sinhalese chauvinists India’s determination to act decisively in favour of the beleaguered Tamil minority.
Although not intended, this operation was eloquent and arrogant enough to confirm India’s earlier covert involvement in affording sanctuary and logistic help for the militants and, more than that, to confirm that the apprehension of the island nation about India’s hegemonic ambitions was not unreasonable. Ãƒ”šÃ‚»
Ãƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã…“The direct Indian intervention that started with the air-drop of food and essential supplies on 5 June 1987 culminated in the signing of the India-Sri Lank Agreement on 29 July. The Agreement signed between Rajiv Gandhi and J. R. Jayewardene in Colombo was essentially a rehashed version of the “December 19th Proposals”. It underscored the need to preserve the sovereignty and territorial integrity of Sri Lanka, which was acknowledged as a multi-ethnic and multi-lingual plural society consisting inter alia, of Sinhalese, Tamils, Muslims (Moors) and Burghers. The Agreement recognized the need to nurture the distinct cultural and linguistic identity of each ethnic group. The Northern and Eastern Provinces of Sri Lanka had been identified as “areas of historical habitation of Sri Lankan Tamil-speaking peoples who have at all times hitherto lived together in this territory with other ethic groups”.
That was how India forced its Military Force on us in support of the terrorists.
From the beginning India had been working against Sri Lanka. It was the Indian RAW that built camps in the Forests of India to provide training for the Sri Lanka Terrorist Group led by Prabhakaran.
Ãƒ”šÃ‚« It was when late Major General Janaka Perera was the Commander of Jaffna, that 40,000 soldiers were stranded in Jaffna at the mercy of a possible terrorist attack due to lack of transport. The Indian Government with whom the then President of Sri Lanka negotiated for ships to transport the stranded army, refused to provide the requested means of transport. The army however, with the support provided by the Government of Pakistan halted the terrorist march towards Jaffna.
As far as assistance from India is concerned, President Kumaratunga’s interview to an Indian Daily (The Hindu, May 24, 2000) indicates that Sri Lanka had asked for some urgent military assistance which India had refused.*
During the crucial military operations against the terrorists when the Armed ForcesÃƒ”šÃ‚ were running short of offensive weapons, the Government of Sri LankaÃƒ”šÃ‚ requested India to sell the urgent arms requirements.Ãƒ”šÃ‚ India not only refused to sell the arms and ammunitions but also warned Sri Lanka against purchasing arms from China or Russia.
Even the Radar equipment which India installed laterÃƒ”šÃ‚ was inadequate and could not detect theÃƒ”šÃ‚ low flying Ãƒ”šÃ‚« terrorist Ãƒ”šÃ‚» planes, which bombed once the Airport and once the Colombo town.
That was how India helped Sri Lanka as far as we the people know .Ãƒ”šÃ‚ What secret pacts the Government of India and Sri Lanka had despite the apparent Ãƒ”šÃ‚« hypocrisy Ãƒ”šÃ‚» of India we do not know.
Now that all conflicts are over .Ãƒ”šÃ‚ The terrorism has been removed from the soil of Sri Lanka.Ãƒ”šÃ‚ India walks in as the benefactor, friend and relative.Ãƒ”šÃ‚ ProvidingÃƒ”šÃ‚ houses to IDPs in the North, and constructing a Cultural Hall inÃƒ”šÃ‚ Jaffna. And demands the government to implement theÃƒ”šÃ‚ now obsolete 13th Amendment.
The External Affairs Minister of India Mr.S.M.Krishna has told reporters accompanying him,
Ãƒ”šÃ‚« I think it goes without saying that Article 13 plus (should) be implemented in a very visible manner. So, till then, naturally we will keep looking forward to the implementation of the assurances given to the people of Sri Lanka and during the talks we have had, Ãƒ”šÃ‚» and added, Ãƒ”šÃ‚« On the whole I have a sense of satisfaction that all the programs that Prime Minister Manmohan Singh had announced are being pursued vigorously in Sri Lanka, Ãƒ”šÃ‚»
With all these Thaipongal events that took place at the TempleTrees,Ãƒ”šÃ‚ with the honourable presence of the External Minister of India , and from hisÃƒ”šÃ‚ pronouncements thereafter,Ãƒ”šÃ‚ one wonders who holds the reins of Sri Lanka.
Ãƒ”šÃ‚ This is in reference an article titled above (Sunday Times Ãƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã¢â‚¬Å“ PLUS Ãƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã¢â‚¬Å“ 25.12.2011 by Rev. Brian D. Blacker), in which the writer indirectly accept the birth of Jesus Christ did not take place in December 25. Instead, he keeps on mentioning the celebration of Christmas. In open words we can say Jesus did not born on December 25. In support of this view, let me elaborate further for the benefit of the readers.
Ãƒ”šÃ‚ Was Jesus (Prophet Isa Ãƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã¢â‚¬Å“ alaihissalam – peace be on him) born on December 25th? According to the Holy QurÃƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã¢”ž¢an, the birth of Jesus took place at a time when fresh dates are found on palm-trees in Judaea. That season evidently is in the month of August-September, but, accordingly to the view generally held by Christians, Jesus was born on 25th December which day is celebrated all over the Christian world every year with great fervor. Now this Christian view is contradicted not only by the Quran but also by history and even by the New Testament itself. Writing about the time of JesusÃƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã¢”ž¢s birth, Luke says; Ãƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã…“And there were shepherds in the same country (Judaea) abiding in the field and keeping watch by night over their flocksÃƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã‚. (Luke: 2; 7,8) Commenting on this statement of Luke, Bishop Barns in his famous book, Ãƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã‹Å“The Rice of ChristianityÃƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã¢”ž¢, on page 79 says: Ãƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã…“There is, moreover, no authority for the belief that December 25 was the actual birthday of Jesus.
If we can give any credence to the birth-story of Luke, with the shepherds keeping watch by night in the field near Bethlehem, the birth of Jesus did not take place in winter when the night temperature is so low in the hill country of Judaea that snow is not uncommon. After much argument our Christian day seems to have been accepted about A.D.300Ãƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã¢”ž¢. This view of Bishop Barns is supported by Encyclopedia Britannica and Chambers Encyclopedia under Ãƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã‹Å“ChristmasÃƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã¢”ž¢. Moreover, in his book Ãƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã‹Å“Commentary on the BibleÃƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã¢”ž¢ on page 727, Peake says: Ãƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã‹Å“The season (of JesusÃƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã¢”ž¢s birth) would not be December; our Christmas day is a comparatively late tradition found first in the WestÃƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã¢”ž¢.
In his Ãƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã‹Å“Dictionary of the BibleÃƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã¢”ž¢ Dr. John D. Davis, under the word, Ãƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã…“YearÃƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã‚ writes that dates become ripe in the month of Elul corresponds to the months of August-September. From the above records, the fact becomes quite clear that Jesus was born in the Jewish month of Elul which corresponds to the months of August-September when dates ripen in Judaea, and not on December 25th as the Christian Church would have us believe. And that is the view which is expressed by the Holy QurÃƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã¢”ž¢an (19: 24 – 26). It says:
Ãƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã…“And the pains of child-birth drove her unto the trunk of a palm-tree. She said, Ãƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã‹Å“O, would that had died before this and had become a thing quite forgotten.Ãƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã‚
Ãƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã‚Then the angel called her from beneath her saying, Ãƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã‹Å“Grieve not. Thy Lord has placed a rivulet below thee; Ãƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã‹Å“And shake towards thyself the trunk of the palm-tree; it will drop upon thee fresh ripe datesÃƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã‚.Ãƒ”šÃ‚ Ãƒ”šÃ‚
As it appears from the Gospels, there was no room in the inn in which Jesus was in Bethlehem. Joseph and Mary must have stayed in the open field and Mary might have betaken herself to the trunk of a palm-tree in order to take rest under its shade and possibly also to find some support in her throes of child-birth, as Holy QurÃƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã¢”ž¢an states.
Udaya Gammanpila and Handunnetti say India must refrain from enforcing its might on its neighbour Sri Lanka.
India must change its behavioural attitude and learn to respect the territorial integrity of Sri Lanka. In the past Pakistan and China pointed their fingers at India when India interfered in to the internal affairs of Sri Lanka. Visiting Indian politicians have made it a habit to conduct lectures to GoSL. Indian High Commissioners Dixit and Nirupama Rao treated Sri Lanka as the seventh state of India. Then there was uproar in Sri Lanka against Indian bullying. This pattern of Indian bullying has become a regular event since Indira GandhiÃƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã¢”ž¢s creation of terrorism against Sri Lanka.
GoSl is scared to antagonise India and expect the pressure groups to respond. The parippu drop, 13A and creation of Terrorist group are acts of valance against a foreign country which represent a serious breach of International Law and contributes to the war crimes.
GoSL is unable to offend India because of their dependency on Indian aid package in reconstruction of the war torn country. GoSL has no guts to tel India that it is not an aid that India is providing Sri Lanka and it is the damages and compensation for the 70,000 lives and the 30 year war and Terrorism created by India. In spite of all this IndiaÃƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã¢”ž¢s protectionist attitude of Tamil community in Sri Lanka is discriminatory against all other communities in Sri Lanka. During the time Terrorism the entire country suffered from the Terrorists LTTE. Then why only the North and East to receive reconstruction and devolution of power. What about the Sputh? If India is only worried about the Tamils of the North, why canÃƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã¢”ž¢t they be accommodated in Tamil Nadoo. Those refugees at the drop of the hat run back to India are not the Sri Lankan citizen. They are the Tamil Nadoo citizen brought in by Vaiko, Nedumaarn gang to build up the numbers of Tamil people in the North. GoSL is turning a blind eye as GoSL has no backbone to fight the Indians. The GoSLÃƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã¢”ž¢s subordinate to India attitude is taken as a weakness by India and continue to lecture Sri Lanka.
The statements made by Udaya Gammanpila and Handunnetti must be highlighted in the Indian news media.
IN PLAIN AND SHORT GOSL MUST TELL INDIA THAT NO 13A, NO DIVOLUTION OF POWER AS THERE IS ONLY ONE NATION IN SRI LANKA, THEREBY THERE IS NO ETHNIC ISSUES EXISTING IN SRI LANKA.
21 January 2012
Chungen Leung, MP, Canadian Parliamentary Secretary for Immigration and Multiculturalism
Joe Daniel, MP, Conservative Member of Parliament for Don Valley East, OntarioÃƒ”šÃ‚
Marlene Gallyot, Special Assistant to Joe Daniel for his to Sri Lanka
Dear Chungen, Joe and Marlene:
Re: Visit of Canadian Parliamentarian Delegation to Sri Lanka to assess the post- conflict Reconciliation and Development situation in Sri Lanka (8th to 11th January 2012).
I came across by chance the media release of your visit to Sri Lanka which renewed my faith in Sri Lanka-Watching-Canadian-Parliamentarians, and for that I want to say an effusive Thank You.
It is true that once in a life time that one comes across an honest Ãƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã‹Å“shooting starÃƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã¢”ž¢ politician, and I have no hesitation to say you two have entered that realm in my estimation. The last time, it happened to be Stockwell Day, who spearheaded the banning of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (aka Tamil Tigers) in April of 2006.Ãƒ”šÃ‚ He had the honesty and he had the guts, when for 13 long years the Liberals led by Prime Minister Jean Chretien Ãƒ”šÃ‚ and Deputy Prime Minister Anne McLellan, the Minister of Public Safety, defended the Tamil Tigers for not banning them when 30 odd western nations had banned them, and Ãƒ”šÃ‚ also let the Canadian Tamil Diaspora stuffÃƒ”šÃ‚ the Tamil Tiger war chest with two million dollars a month to purchase explosives and sophisticated arms to kill my Sinhalese people and also the Muslims, like swatting flies in the thousands with claymore mines and suicide bombs.
The Tamil Tigers with the indirect help from the Canadian Liberal government graduated to become one of the worldÃƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã¢”ž¢s most sophisticated terrorist groups who perfected suicide bombings developing the sickening body-pack weapon that soon became the favourite ofÃƒ”šÃ‚ extremists in New York, Baghdad, London, Bali, Istanbul, Kabul and elsewhere.
I recall the exchange between Deputy Prime Minister Anne McLellan and Conservative Senator John Lynch-Staunton of 14 February 2005, when discussing the Anti-Terrorist Bill before the Senate Committee.
Ãƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã…“Senator: The Bill allows for the listing of terrorist entitiesÃƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã‚¦why are the Tamil Tigers not on that list when they are banned in the United States, Britain and elsewhere?
McLellan: The list is constantly being reviewed and updated.Ãƒ”šÃ‚ It is not static.Ãƒ”šÃ‚ I continue to monitor that situation very closely.
Senator: What more information do you need when you know that the United States, Britain, Australia, Malaysia, and others have banned them?
McLellan: It was related to meÃƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã‚¦because there was hope for peace talks in Sri Lanka it was hoped that the process would lead to some sort of peace negotiation and it was perceived that it would not be helpful if this country listed the Tigers. But I want to reassure everyone here that I review the organization on a regular basis and I will continue to review that situation.
Ãƒ”šÃ‚ Senator: But money is being raised in Canada and shipped over to Sri Lanka to be used for terrorist activities.Ãƒ”šÃ‚ That is a known fact.Ãƒ”šÃ‚ That is a known fact, yet the government refuses to put the name where it belongs Ãƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã¢â‚¬Å“ on the list of terrorist entities so the government can move in, seize bank accounts and arrest people who continue to support rebels and terrorists.
McLellan: Senator, I take your point.Ãƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã‚
Watching that exchange on CPAC, it was embarrassing to see her caught with her pants down, so to speak, and her face getting lobster pink by the second and I was frothing mad with the Liberals.
And then when CSIS said in their report Ãƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã…“Canada is recognized as a key base for LTTE fundraising efforts worldwideÃƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã‚¦.the money is used by the LTTE to fund its international operations including the purchase of arms and ammunition to continue its terrorist campaign in Sri Lanka,Ãƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã‚ Liberal Ministers Paul Martin (Finance) and Maria Minna (CIDA) and several other Liberal backbenchers attended the $60-a-plate dinner for the Federation of Associations of Canadian Tamils (FACT), in Toronto on May 6, 2000,Ãƒ”šÃ‚ which had been called a fund raising front for the Tamil Tigers. No doubt, Canada was the curse of Sri LankaÃƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã¢”ž¢s democracy for the wanting of the 200,000 Tamil votes in the Greater Toronto Area to keep the nine ridings for the Liberal Party.
Ãƒ”šÃ‚ And I am afraid, your Conservatives too seem to be walking down that ignoble alleyway appeasing the Tamils grovelling for their votes, and I am watching with my hawk eyes and so is Sri Lanka.
What was most significant in your press release was the sentence Ãƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã…“the human rights situation in Sri Lanka has greatly improved and it was understood that there is no discrimination against the Tamil community in Sri Lanka.Ãƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã‚
Chungen, Joe and Marlene, it is obvious that you three took off your blinkers when you stepped onto the tarmac at the Katunayake airport and saw the ground reality clearly and with clarity.
You know doubt are asking yourselves now: Ãƒ”šÃ‚ Ãƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã…“Why are these Tamils whining saying that they are being discriminated, when 41% of Ãƒ”šÃ‚ the population of the capital Colombo are Tamils, and no Sinhalese are asking them to bugger-off to the North which they claim to be their Ãƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã…“homelandÃƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã‚;
WhenÃƒ”šÃ‚ in every four shops, three happen to be owned by Tamils Ãƒ”šÃ‚ along theÃƒ”šÃ‚ mile long shopping drag, Main Street in Pettah in the heart of Colombo, and patronized by the majority Sinhalese;
When Tamil children have outnumbered other ethnic kids at International Schools in Colombo and Kandy, south of the Northern border and that form of Ãƒ”šÃ‚ private education is an expensive deal for any Sri Lankan family. Only the rich can afford it;
When 75% of real estate in Wellawatte, a rich suburb of Colombo are owned by Tamils and 95% of them refuse to rent the houses, annexesÃƒ”šÃ‚ and apartments to the majority Sinhalese community, and so far the Sinhalese have not complained.Ãƒ”šÃ‚ And I underline the word Ãƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã…“so farÃƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã‚, in red as I wonder how long the majority Sinhalese are prepared to tolerate that Ãƒ”šÃ‚ form of ethnic cleansing and discrimination by the Tamils in the heart of the capital Colombo;
When the Tamils are employed in every sector of trade in the south Ãƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã¢â‚¬Å“ private hospitals, legal sector,Ãƒ”šÃ‚ banking sector, export and import trade, hotel hospitality, garment and beverage industries, you name it and they are there with no difficulty in droves. Ãƒ”šÃ‚ Ãƒ”šÃ‚ Find out whether the majority Sinhalese community has it easy to find employment in the North?Ãƒ”šÃ‚ Na! Not a blinking hope.
Your researchers will tell you that the Tamil community (12.6%) were the Ãƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã…“privileged minorityÃƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã‚ and the Sinhalese (74%) were the Ãƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã…“wronged majorityÃƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã‚ up to the time of Independence of the island in 1948 and right up to the 1960s, and in some sectors they still are.Ãƒ”šÃ‚ So why are these Tamils whining in the Greater Toronto Area, and Prime Minister Stephen Harper is doing his song and dance about the Commonwealth Summit of 2013 which is going to be held in Colombo, andÃƒ”šÃ‚ External Affairs Minister John Baird did his Nepean Song and DanceÃƒ”šÃ‚ routine at the UN Security Council on Sri Lanka.Ãƒ”šÃ‚ What a lot of nonsense to garner the Tamil votes at the next federal election.Ãƒ”šÃ‚ It is a bit sick, isnÃƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã¢”ž¢t it?Ãƒ”šÃ‚ The bottom line is, the Sri Lankans couldn’t care two prairie straws whether Canada’s Prime MinisterÃƒ”šÃ‚ Stephen Harper would attend the Colombo’s Commonwealth Summit in 2013 or not.Ãƒ”šÃ‚ It will be a non-issue for them.
Let me conclude this Ãƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã…“Thank YouÃƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã‚ note with one more pointer for you two to convince your Conservative caucus that Tamils are doing fine and have been doing fine in Sri Lanka for donkeyÃƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã¢”ž¢s years, far better than our Native peoples in reserves and the Blacks in the United States.
Ãƒ”šÃ‚ When the Sinhalese-Tamil riots took place on 24 July 1983, and the Sinhalese got the better of the Tamils after having endured for years of ethnic cleansing in the north with killings, stoning and chasing away 27,000 Sinhalese who lived in the Jaffna peninsula for generations,Ãƒ”šÃ‚ the islandÃƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã¢”ž¢s Inspector General of Police (Rudra Rajasingham) was a Tamil and so were six out of ten Deputy Inspectors Generals; The Supreme Court Justice Ãƒ”šÃ‚ (Justice S. Sharvananda) was a Tamil as were several Supreme Court Judges; Ãƒ”šÃ‚ The Attorney General (S. Pasupati) was a Tamil; three Cabinet Ministers were Tamils and the diplomatic assignments asÃƒ”šÃ‚ High Commissioner in Britain, Ambassador for France, Ambassador in Germany and the Ambassador in China were all Tamils.Ãƒ”šÃ‚ You would agree with me that all these appointments would not translate according to my logic into Ãƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã…“Tamils were discriminated by the Sinhalese majorityÃƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã‚ would you not?
Ãƒ”šÃ‚ Go figure out, why these GTA Tamils are whining that they are being discriminated and Prime Minister Harper and Foreign Minister Baird are dancing pulled by the Tamil puppet strings.Ãƒ”šÃ‚ And the rookie NDP Tamil MP for Scarborough Rouge-River who only remembers her playing hop-scotch under a mango tree in Jaffna when she was brought over to Canada by her parents at age 5, had the audacity and temerity to go about lambasting the Sri Lankan government and the majority Sinhalese for discriminating her Tamil tribe.Ãƒ”šÃ‚ Go figure that one out.
May I repeat myself by saying to you three Ãƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã…“Thank YouÃƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã‚ for not colouring your observations with dab colours on the situation on the ground in Sri Lanka to please the Tamil constituents?Ãƒ”šÃ‚ I love honesty and I love fairness, and I love people who promote both these noble qualities.Ãƒ”šÃ‚ You bet, I have great admiration for you three from what I read in your Press Release.
Asoka Weerasinghe (C11255047)
Professor Chandra Wickramasinghe said the latest discoveries reported last week implying the existence of hundreds of billions of alien planets has an intimate connection with his theory that life is exceedingly commonplace in the universe.
Now Director of a new research Centre studying all aspects of Life in the Universe, the Buckingham Center for Astrobiology, Professor Wickramasinghe wrote in the online Journal of Cosmology that the new discoveries connect in an important way with recent work published in Volume 16 of the Journal of Cosmology in which it is argued that evidence for microbial life is everywhere in the galaxy.Ãƒ”šÃ‚ Astronomical discoveries in recent years have shown that exceedingly complex organic molecules resembling life chemicals are widespread in the universe accounting for about one third of all the carbon in interstellar space.
Ãƒ”šÃ‚ Ãƒ”šÃ‚ Ãƒ”šÃ‚ Ãƒ”šÃ‚ Professor Wickramasinghe and his colleague , the late Fred Hoyle fathered the revolutionary idea that Ãƒ”šÃ‚ microbes travelled on comets from deep space and seeded the life on earth distancing from the then existing notion that life originated on planet earth . The theory became known as panspermia Ãƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã¢â‚¬Å“ evidence for which has grown over the years.
Ãƒ”šÃ‚ Ãƒ”šÃ‚ Ãƒ”šÃ‚ Ãƒ”šÃ‚ Commenting on the recent discoveries of alien planets Ãƒ”šÃ‚ the Buckingham Center in a statement said, Ãƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã…“ Precisely 50 years ago ideas relating to the extraterrestrial origins of life began their slow journey to the realms of orthodox science. The Russian astronaut Yuri Gagarin had just circumnavigated our planet in a spaceship; a paper by Prof Chandra Wickramasinghe, Director of the Buckingham Centre for Astrobiology and the late Sir Fred Hoyle on carbonaceous dust in the deepest recesses of space was published in the Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. In 1962, and throughout a full two decades previously, astronomers had convinced themselves that cosmic dust was comprised of inorganic ice, similar to the ice particles that exist in the EarthÃƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã¢”ž¢s cumulous clouds above which Gagarin had soared. The suggestion of carbonaceous grains caused instant and bitter controversy, and the possibility of a connection with life on Earth was outrageous heresy. This debate has taken nearly 5 decades to resolve, with new data from a fleet of space craft carrying sophisticated equipment, and thousands of investigators contributing new results and new ideas. The organic nature of dust in interstellar space and comets is now finally established, and the connection with life is also beginning to take shape. This scientific detective story has been published in an article by Chandra Wickramasinghe of the Buckingham Centre for Astrobiology in the online Journal of Cosmology.Ãƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã‚
Ãƒ”šÃ‚ Ãƒ”šÃ‚ Ãƒ”šÃ‚ Ãƒ”šÃ‚ Wickramasinghe said Ãƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã…“ItÃƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã¢”ž¢s been a long and bitter struggle to see a transformation of thinking from Earth-centered theories of life to considering the proposition that life could be a truly cosmic phenomenon. After 50 years of argument the picture is emerging that we are, in a sense, all aliens!Ãƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã‚
Ãƒ”šÃ‚ Ãƒ”šÃ‚ Ãƒ”šÃ‚ Ãƒ”šÃ‚ In an email interview with this correspondent , he said, Ãƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã…“The evidence for alien planets in our galaxy has become ever stronger in recent times. Ãƒ”šÃ‚ The discovery of billions of free floating super-Earths, not connected with any star was reported less than a year ago by T. Sumi and colleagues. Ãƒ”šÃ‚ The technique for finding these planets (gravitational microlensing) was pioneered by Rudolph Schild at Harvard in 1996, who already argued that dark matter (missing mass) in our galaxy was comprised of rogue planets. Ãƒ”šÃ‚ This week A. Cassan and colleagues argue again for hundreds of billions of planets orbiting stars in the galaxy. Ãƒ”šÃ‚ These discoveries connect in an important way with a recent paper by me published in the Journal of Cosmology in which it is argued that evidence for microbial life is everywhere in the galaxy, accounting for about one third of the carbon in interstellar space The discovery of trillions of alien planets, must mean that life is extremely commonplace in the galaxy. Ãƒ”šÃ‚ A large fraction of the rogue planets in space have habitable zones beneath thick hydrogen atmospheres. Microbes floating in space would take root within the habitable zones of hundreds of billions of super Earths in space.”
Ãƒ”šÃ‚ Ãƒ”šÃ‚ Ãƒ”šÃ‚ Ãƒ”šÃ‚ He concluded, “Billions of Earth-like planets imply Earth-like life.Ãƒ”šÃ‚ Ãƒ”šÃ‚ We are part of a chain of being that connects life of Earth with the most distant parts of the Universe.Ãƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã‚(
Attn Mr Alex Neve-AI Canada
Dear Mr Neve
Kindly go through the attached letter from WAPS on the above subject and please let us have your response as AI is recognized as an organization encouraging the protection of Human Rights of individuals as well as groups.
The acceptance of the donation by the IA tends to prove that AI’s anti Sri Lanka campaigns are manipulated marketing gimmicks to please the funding sources. It is a well known fact that the LTTE fronts and others who are associated with this terrorist organization have amassed millions of dollars by various means to market their agenda.
We trust that AI will be able to provide answers to our questions to enable us to proceed further with our program to create an awareness of the genuine human rights movements among the Sri Lankan people.
Iowa students Ãƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã…“thrilled to beÃƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã‚ in Sri Lanka to study biological and plant science
Ãƒ”šÃ‚ WASHINGTON — A group of American students and professors from the University of Dubuque in Iowa arrived in Sri Lanka recently as environmental tourists, taking part in a curriculum that includes a two-week field course in Sri Lanka. The visit is part of an effort to broaden educational exchanges between Sri Lanka and the United States which in turn will lead to an expansion of research opportunities for students in both countries.
Diversity and global learning have become popular methods of study within the United States, and the students are expected to gain an insight on indigenous biological and plant expertise at the University of Colombo and University of Peradeniya as part of their educational experience.
The University of Dubuque recognizes that Sri Lanka is an ideal location for research, because of its history, complex ecosystems, and its long rooted traditional values to conserve nature packed into a small island.Ãƒ”šÃ‚ The professors in this tour state that Ãƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã…“We are thrilled to use beautiful Sri Lanka as a large class roomÃƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã‚.Ãƒ”šÃ‚ This firsthand experience is far greater than one could get from a text book or from the internet.
The goals of the exchange include attaining a better understanding of Sri Lankan culture and contemporary society, promoting Ãƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã…“Educational Tourism,Ãƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã‚ in Sri Lanka and creating environmental awareness and conservation. The class work is also designed to provide an opportunity to develop future collaboration with Sri Lankan universities and research programs and promote Sri Lanka as an ecological and conservation education hub.
The Sri Lanka Embassy in Washington DC and Sri Lankan Airlines, the national carrier have extended their full cooperation and assistance to make this study tour a success.
ArticleÃƒ”šÃ‚ No 12
Buddhism, the Religion of Wisdom:
Buddhism is a religion of wisdom, in which knowledge and self-reliance are predominantly emphasized.Ãƒ”šÃ‚ Buddhists are taught to rely on themselves and not external powers, gods, or materialism for liberation and happiness.Ãƒ”šÃ‚ Buddhism offers realities, explanations and a path, and practical strategies for life with great relevance to our lives.Ãƒ”šÃ‚ In addition to facilitating calming our minds and the body through meditation, Buddhist teachings give us specific, wellÃƒ”šÃ‚Ãƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã¢â‚¬Å“laid-out path of discipline and ways for the remediation of problematic or maladaptive behaviours and emotional responses.Ãƒ”šÃ‚ There are no limits in what the Buddha taught us to improve our lives and well-being; in fact, artificial limits are created by us within our minds.
Buddhism has evolved over 2,600 years into a highly refined tradition. Ãƒ”šÃ‚ It is based on analysis and investigation of the inner states of the mind to transform the mind into a healthier status and promote happiness.Ãƒ”šÃ‚ Contrary to claims, Buddhism is not a pessimistic religion.Ãƒ”šÃ‚ People turn to a religion to looking for moral guidance based on metaphysics and psychology.Ãƒ”šÃ‚ Most intelligent people wish to explore the meaning of life to gain peace and happiness.Ãƒ”šÃ‚ Frequently, they raise questions about nature and the natural world, interpersonal interactions, and the environment and the large universe in which we live.Ãƒ”šÃ‚ Overall, Buddhism provides simple and logical answers to these common questions.
What people look for is a philosophical system or religion that enables them to probe deeply into the mysteries of the mind and the universe while standing up to scientific scrutiny.Ãƒ”šÃ‚ Wise people, those with open minds, want a religion that is based on observable and verifiable science and that has the logic and rationale to explain nature and the mind as they are without adhering to a belief system.Ãƒ”šÃ‚ They may require a religion that assists them in understanding themselves so that they can develop own psychology and spirituality.
Many Westerners are familiar with modern applied psychology, psychoanalysis, and consequent behaviour modification.Ãƒ”šÃ‚ However, most of these methods are based on materialistic theories originating from different schools of thought. Ãƒ”šÃ‚ One major limitation in scientific and psychological investigations into the mind is attributable to Ãƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã…“assumptions.Ãƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã‚
Over the years, psychology has evolved and has been enriched by Buddhist teachings. Ãƒ”šÃ‚ However, psychology lacks a comprehensive system because of its worldly nature.Ãƒ”šÃ‚ Psychologists and neuroscientists study and interpret symptoms and then try to interpret and treat such with psychotherapy and/or medicine, rather than addressing and treating the true root cause(s)Ãƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã¢â‚¬the fundamental issues.Ãƒ”šÃ‚ Disciplines such as medicine and psychiatry focus primarily on pharmaceuticals and worldly treatments; these are designed for worldly problems.
As the Buddha stated Ãƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã…“agngna labupanisa agngna nibbana gamini,Ãƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã‚ the path to nibbana is one, and the path to worldly gains is another.Ãƒ”šÃ‚ On the path to nibbana, many benefits are gained, but they are not the worldly or materialistic benefits.Ãƒ”šÃ‚ However, most ordinary people will continue to be attracted to synthetically established normalities that lead away from reality.Ãƒ”šÃ‚ Buddhism takes a holistic approach and provides a comprehensive, practical, and profound philosophy for attaining lasting happiness.
Wisdom or realization (PagÃƒÆ’Ã‚£ÃƒÆ’Ã‚£na) is not equivalent to being knowledgeable or successful; it is far beyond acquiring knowledge, intellect, financial success, or social or political achievements.Ãƒ”šÃ‚ Knowledge can be acquired merely by reading or listening to others or to presentations.Ãƒ”šÃ‚ However, PagÃƒÆ’Ã‚£ÃƒÆ’Ã‚£na is achieved following the Middle Path and a deep understanding of the Truth about oneself, leading to the alleviation of suffering.Ãƒ”šÃ‚ A more precise definition of PagÃƒÆ’Ã‚£ÃƒÆ’Ã‚£na is the penetrative insight and realization into the true nature of living things that one develops through the practice of morality (sila) and the right mental
According to BuddhaÃƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã¢”ž¢s teaching, one of the early requirements for developing PagÃƒÆ’Ã‚£ÃƒÆ’Ã‚£na is (a) listening with an open mind; (b) thinking about what is being heard and read; and (c) asking wise questions at suitable times.Ãƒ”šÃ‚ According to Buddhist interpretations, PagÃƒÆ’Ã‚£ÃƒÆ’Ã‚£na is a combination of (1) wisdom from knowledge acquired from reading and listening to others (dsuthamaya pagnna); (2) wisdom from thinking (chintaamaya pagnna); and (3) wisdom from self-development (bavanamaya pagnna).
Achieving wisdom is facilitated by harnessing the purified mental energy through meditation.Ãƒ”šÃ‚ With regular practice of meditation, oneÃƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã¢”ž¢s mental status will become clearer and free of defilements (described as sunyata), non-attachment of the mind to the body.Ãƒ”šÃ‚ Trained and disciplined minds have less greed, jealousy, and attachments, which facilitates the
development of compassion and effective ways of handling human problems without causing pain, anxiety, hatred, or worry.Ãƒ”šÃ‚ Purified minds, together with wisdom, enable us to stay free from illusions, hatred, and hallucinations, and daydreaming, and eventually overcome worldly problems.Ãƒ”šÃ‚ This is one of the strongest messages about Buddhism.Ãƒ”šÃ‚ Nothing is impossible; it is we who create our artificial limits and boundaries.
The Buddhist view of the mind:Ãƒ”šÃ‚
The Buddhist view of how the human mind works is somewhat different from the traditional Western view.Ãƒ”šÃ‚ Western psychology considers things such as attention and emotions as fixed and immutable.Ãƒ”šÃ‚ Buddhism sees the mind as pliable and trainable. Ãƒ”šÃ‚ In recent years, this view has gathered increasing support from modern neuroscience and psychology, which continues to provide new evidence of the brainÃƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã¢”ž¢s capacity for change and growthÃƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã¢â‚¬¢described as plasticity.Ãƒ”šÃ‚ In this regard, only recently have we begun to realize the positive effects of Buddhist meditative practices on brain coherence and remarkable
plasticity with a demonstrable ability of regular Buddhist meditation to positively shape the brain.
Buddhism uses self-intelligence and awareness to suppress negativity and enhance positive emotions.Ãƒ”šÃ‚ Through meditative practices, faculties and awareness are sharpened, and are focused to observe real-time experiences.Ãƒ”šÃ‚ With progressive meditative practices, we learn to be more responsible to others as well as for ourselves. This leads to additional mental clarity and positive character transformation.Ãƒ”šÃ‚ These meditation techniques are of growing interest to Westerners, particularly to psychologists, who increasingly see disorders such as depression and psychosis as failures of emotional adaptation and self-management and thus are beginning to incorporate meditation into their therapies.Ãƒ”šÃ‚ With emotional overload and stressful situations our calmness and the attention is hijacked or overtaken by negative thoughts and events, which set off a negativity chain reaction presenting as harmful thoughts, emotions, and behaviour.
Traditional vs. Buddhist view of attention:
In the view of traditional psychologists, attention is an exhausting mental activity.Ãƒ”šÃ‚ In contrast, in Buddhist view, attention can be made into a highly relaxing and effortless activity.Ãƒ”šÃ‚ Techniques of cultivating awareness through meditation improve self-control, whereas non-control, devoid of awareness, converts one into a robot.Ãƒ”šÃ‚ Awareness also allows one to break the negative emotional chain reactions and avoid hopelessness and despair.Ãƒ”šÃ‚ By focusing oneÃƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã¢”ž¢s attention, it is possible to monitor oneÃƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã¢”ž¢s inner mental state, the environment, sharpen oneÃƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã¢”ž¢s mind allowing promptly recognizing incoming negative stimuli, and blocking such at the first awareness of their existence.
When we habitually pressurize our minds, at a certain stage, we find that the process is exhausting and pass the resilience. Ãƒ”šÃ‚ When we are unable to identify or cope with this process, these maladaptive excessive stresses affect us negatively, both emotionally and physically.Ãƒ”šÃ‚ This can lead to psychological and psychiatric disorders, including mental breakdown.Ãƒ”šÃ‚ In looking for the Truth of life and peace of mind, we generally assume that they are something special.Ãƒ”šÃ‚ On the contrary, they are merely a relaxed awareness of the present moment.Ãƒ”šÃ‚ Fortunately, the Truth is always around the corner; we need to learn to look for and recognize it.Ãƒ”šÃ‚ Mindfulness can be explained as nonjudgmental attention to experiences in the present moment. Ãƒ”šÃ‚ And, it typically cultivates via practices such as sitting meditation, walking meditation, or mindful movements.
Investigating the mind:
The investigation of the mind encompasses all aspects relating to mindfulness, spirituality, and the objective basis of the mind.Ãƒ”šÃ‚ It also needs to address the concept that the mind influences the body.Ãƒ”šÃ‚ Meanwhile, the religious approach to this question can contrast with the secularÃƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã¢â‚¬Å“scientific approach.Ãƒ”šÃ‚ As with many scientific discoveries, the secularÃƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã¢â‚¬Å“scientific approach poses a challenge to religions that rely on the mindÃƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã¢â‚¬Å“heart relationship.Ãƒ”šÃ‚ It becomes difficult to justify traditional views that are now contradicted by scientific discoveries.
The mind is formless, structureless, and capable of grasping any object of knowledge, including facts about the mind itself.Ãƒ”šÃ‚ Experiences such as the redness of red; individual experiences and appreciations of beauty, anger, volition, pain, happiness, boredom, depression, and intention; feelings about Ãƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã…“thingsÃƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã‚Ãƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã¢â‚¬all of these are subjective and individualistic.Ãƒ”šÃ‚ No two people seem to have identical capabilities in all areas.
The teachings and practice of Buddhism are aimed at the development and liberation of the mind from the shackles of mental suffering.Ãƒ”šÃ‚ Abhidhamma, a collection of teachings and commentaries, describes the human mind, its characteristics, and related elements at a deeper and abstract level.Ãƒ”šÃ‚ For example, Abhidhamma describes Cetasikas as one of the four paramattha Dhamma.Ãƒ”šÃ‚ Ãƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã…“Abhidhamma is not a subject of fleeting interest designed for the superficial reader.Ãƒ”šÃ‚ To the wise truth-seekers, Abhidhamma is an indispensable guide and an intellectual treat.Ãƒ”šÃ‚ Here, there is food for thought to original thinkers and to earnest students who wish to increase their wisdom and lead an ideal Buddhist lifeÃƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã‚ Ãƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã¢â‚¬ Narada Maha Thera of Vajiraramaya Colombo, Sri Lanka.
Location of the mind:
Traditionally, the two contending locations for the mind are the heart and the brain.Ãƒ”šÃ‚ The former has been the oldest one; several religions have been based on the notion that the heart is the basis for the mind.Ãƒ”šÃ‚ The realization that the brain is the physical organ responsible for activity and processing was a consequence of the secularÃƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã¢â‚¬Å“scientific revolution.Ãƒ”šÃ‚ Today, this view is hardly contested, but the old view that the heart is the dominant organ of mind has not given way in some religious and spiritual thinking.Ãƒ”šÃ‚ The way most religions have sought to rationalize it is to treat all references to the heart as being purely metaphorical, although this was not the case with the original religious views on the subject.
Buddhism does not describe a physical location to the mind.Ãƒ”šÃ‚ Although the interface between mind and the body is considered the brain by current scientific thought, when the Buddha was asked to give a place to the location of the mind, he related the following: Ãƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã…“A man went to a village and sounded a Walampuri (a large shell). Ãƒ”šÃ‚ Due to their ignorance, the villagers thought the Walampuri itself was producing the sound. Ãƒ”šÃ‚ They did various things to the Walampuri, including batting it to make sound, but nothing happened.Ãƒ”šÃ‚ Therefore, they asked the person who had the Walampuri why the shell was not making a sound. Ãƒ”šÃ‚ The person explained that sound comes as a result of air currents flowing through the shell when it is blown.Ãƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã‚Ãƒ”šÃ‚ Similarly, our mind is a result of a CauseÃƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã¢â‚¬Å“Effect process for which no specific location can be identified. Ãƒ”šÃ‚ Wherever we focus, the mind is there until the focus shifts; then the mind also shifts.Ãƒ”šÃ‚ There is no specific location one can identify for the mind or its activity, and there is no reason to go looking for it.Ãƒ”šÃ‚ Nevertheless, for processing the mind, the physical brain is required.
Metaphysical speculations of location of the mind:Ãƒ”šÃ‚
The Buddha discouraged “metaphysical” speculations, such as the origin and end of the universe and idealism versus materialism, as being meaningless debates.Ãƒ”šÃ‚ The location of the mind is one such metaphysical discussion, that however, is continue to be debated by both the scientific community and the lay public.Ãƒ”šÃ‚ The Buddha did not talk about such metaphysical phenomena because they were irrelevant to his mission of teaching and educating people on how to alleviate suffering.Ãƒ”šÃ‚ The mind does not exist on its own without the brain.Ãƒ”šÃ‚ However, the mind is an outcome of a Ãƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã…“productÃƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã‚ of brain activity.Ãƒ”šÃ‚ Volitional activities in the mind and the consequent actions taken make us either good or bad.Ãƒ”šÃ‚ The mind is the forerunner; it directs us and our activities to engage in good and bad actions.Ãƒ”šÃ‚ Teachings of Buddhism include Ãƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã…“mano pubbanga-ma Dhamma,Ãƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã‚ the mind is the forerunnerÃƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã¢â‚¬mind is above everything.Ãƒ”šÃ‚ Thus, controlling the mind as well as not accepting hearsay or myths is important.
The mind and consciousness:
The mind and consciousness are distinct but as per the knowledge to date, they are rooted in the physical brain.Ãƒ”šÃ‚ Mind and its thoughts are constantly generated and disappear as a process of complex chemical reactions within the brain secondary to various sensory stimuli we get from five sense organs.Ãƒ”šÃ‚ Smaller percentage of these processed information are stored in the brain facilitating their recall at a later time.Ãƒ”šÃ‚ Although the consciousness is somewhat linked, it is independent of the mind.Ãƒ”šÃ‚ The mind and the consciousness can travel independently to far distances in a fraction of a second.
It is apparent that the mind can be changed markedly and quickly.Ãƒ”šÃ‚ Internal and external environments can alter our minds.Ãƒ”šÃ‚ On one hand, the mind can be suppressed with force, imprisonment, medications, drugs, alcohol, etc., and on the other hand it can be developed with the mindfulness via meditation.
Consciousness always is in flux and seems to grow with our experiences in life.Ãƒ”šÃ‚ It is not clear what changes in our brains going through and what chemicals interact.Ãƒ”šÃ‚ Such chemical landscape in the brain however, may include neurotransmitters and neuromodulators that are continuously changed according to our thinking process, moods, behaviour, and the information that we have at this point.Ãƒ”šÃ‚ There is ongoing controversy about what is causing rebirth.Ãƒ”šÃ‚ As per the traditional Brahmanic view, it is the consciousness (or the sole) that transmigrating into a foetus, alternative hypothesis is our desires (thanha), lusts, attachments and cravings that lead to the cycle of rebirth.Ãƒ”šÃ‚ We shall discuss this in a future article.
Ãƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã…“If a man practices himself what he admonishes others to do, he himself, being well-controlled, will have control over others.Ãƒ”šÃ‚ It is difficult, indeed, to control oneselfÃƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã‚Ãƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã¢â‚¬ Dhammapada.Ãƒ”šÃ‚
Note: Some of the material, pictures, poems, and stanzas in these writings may have been published previously, including on the Internet (such as http://what-buddha-said.net and Buddha.direct.net) or obtained from various sources are modified with permission.Ãƒ”šÃ‚ The author sincerely thanks all contributors of such materials for their generosity. Ãƒ”šÃ‚ We anticipate that the brief articles on meditation, Buddhism, and Buddhist philosophy that appear in this column will initiate healthy and positive discussions.
May the Noble Triple Gem bless youÃƒ”šÃ‚ Ãƒ”šÃ‚ Ãƒ”šÃ‚
Sunil J. Wimalawansa
Professor of Medicine, Endocrinology, Physiology, & Integrative BiologyÃƒ”šÃ‚
I refer to your ‘senior’ correspondent Daniel Flitton’s great ‘newsworthy’ article on Ms. Kathy Klugman’s ‘controversial’ appointment (http://www.watoday.com.au/national/controversial-diplomat-snares-gillard-role-20120118-1q6kl.html).
Perhaps, Daniel did not know that there were two Australian women who played a significant role in Sri Lanka recently.
The first, an Aussie nurse, Adele, married to a Tamil Tiger leader went and lived in Sri Lanka. She put in a great effort to train and make Tamil women into walking bombs and trained Tamil girls on how to commit suicide by biting on a cyanide capsule which she ceremoniously put around the necks of the young girls. You can see her in action here http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aqbj8PHTtHY. Your ‘senior’ correspondent Daniel did not have anything to say about this Aussie and guess what, this alleged war criminal leads a comfortable life in London now protected by the UK authorities.
Then we have the second woman, Kathy, who did a tremendous job in stopping the flow of economic refugees to Australia. I personally know that she was an ardent sponsor and supporter of the Cancer Hospital in Sri Lanka to help Sri Lankans of all ethnicities.
I find it appalling that Daniel saw fit to ridicule a woman who safegaurded Australian interests and did her best to help out all Sri Lankans to the best of her ability.
Perhaps, if Kathy chose to put cyanide capsules around Tamil Tigers instead of giving out certificates for rehabilitation, she would have been praised by the so-called ‘senior’ correspondents. I guess, Kathy’s crime was that she refused to share the blood money offered by the Tamil Tigers for singing hosannas about their utopia.
Come on Danny, don’t rubbish those who serve this country even if you get offerred a lot of money for doing so – Australia, surely is more important to you than that? I hope the ‘senior’ correspondent Daniel will join us in celebrating the Australia Day on the 26th.
TNA Parlimentarians on the proposed devolution of powers to Provincial Councils
I wish to refer to the imbroglio between the GoSL (Government of Sri Lanka) and the TNA (Tamil National Alliance) on the proposed devolution of powers to Provincial Councils. It has apparently got stuck on a sticky wicket on the question of devolving Police and Land powers. They are not new or recent demands on the part of Tamil politicians.
The present demand for Police and Land powers for Provincial Councils is based on the 13th Amendment to the 1978 Constitution passed in November 1987. As it is well known, from the time the 13th Amendment became a part of the 1978 Constitution, that Amendment was agreed upon and was signed under duress, by Mr. J. R .Jayewardene, the first Executive President. It was also the only such Amendment out of the 16 amendments passed during his tenure of office. Similarly, Ranil Wickremasinghe, the then Prime Minister, too seems to have agreed to a CFA (Ceasefire Agreement) which was put up to him by Norway, on behalf of the LTTE and was signed by him, apparently in good-faith, in February 2002, perhaps under the impression that it will give a respite to the fighting between the LTTE (Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam) and the GoSL and would lead to peaceful co-existence between them. But what happened thereafter, is now history.
The demands made by the then LTTE and now by the TNA, are no doubt based on the Tamil homeland theory, which has been effectively demolished by many, including historians like, now Emeritus, Prof. K. M. de Silva. Only those who refuse to see the truth of irrefutable historical evidence continue to hold that theory. We refer to that long refuted claim, mainly because the TNA is seeking a re-merger of the Northern and the Eastern provinces, apparently on the basis that those two provinces were the Ãƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã‹Å“homelandÃƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã¢”ž¢ of the Tamil people. Sebastian Rasalingam (from Toronto, Canada) had said in his article published in Ãƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã‹Å“The IslandÃƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã¢”ž¢ of 7th January, 2012, that Bishop Rayappu Joseph had said in an article published in the Sri Lanka Guardian of 4th January  (which I have not seen) that Tamils should reassert that they are a nation and fight for nothing less than self-determination. It seems doubly certain, that two necessary administrative and political powers for such a determination would certainly be to have Police and Land powers.
Rasalingam has also said that the LTTE, who fought on the basis of a Tamil nation, had reduced the Tamil population to 8%, sacrificing young people as cannon fodder. He, and also an article entitled Ãƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã‹Å“An Appeal to the Tamil Community and its civil and political representativesÃƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã¢”ž¢ signed by 68 Tamil persons and published in Ãƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã‹Å“The IslandÃƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã¢”ž¢ of 6th January 2012, also says the LTTE gave two hours notice to the Muslims in Jaffna and in the Eastern Province to evacuate the areas in which they were residing in, within two days and 80,000 were made to flee their residences in a barbaric act of ethnic cleansing. Also, in the LLRC (Lessons Learnt and Reconciliation Commission) Report (2011), Chapter 6.22 says Sinhalese families were evicted in 1977, 1980 and 1987, and in 6.16 and 6.42 it says about 150,000 Sinhalese residents in the coastal belt from Ottamvady to Panama were displaced in the 1980s.
The grabbing of individuals lands in Jaffna, displacing such original owners and redistributing such lands among the LTTE favourites and such matters have also been documented in the LLRC Report .
In Chapter 6, and particularly, 6.9, 6.14-15, 6.17, 6.40, and 6.78-80 have made references to such matters. That report, in the eyes of certain individuals, may have its defects, in not having being able to properly address the war-crimes in the final days of the war against the LTTE, but that is not a question we are addressing in this presentation.
What we are primarily concerned is in peaceful co-existence among all communities in this island, with whatever devolution of powers the GoSL and the TNA can come into, including on the contentious Police and Land powers. In the same breath, it has also to be mentioned that the GoSL should invite the Muslims to whatever discussions on devolution they will have with the TNA, because they and the Sinhalese who lived in Jaffna and in the Eastern Province, were the other two most affected communities due to LTTE ethnic cleansing in 1990 and earlier, as said before. It will be most unreasonable for the GoSL to come to any agreement on devolution, only with the TNA, even as far as the Northern Province or Jaffna is concerned, because the Muslims and the Sinhalese were equally affected in the ethnic cleansing done by the LTTE, as stated earlier.
I am neither a political motivated nor an extremist in the views I hold on this question and I believe, such co-existential views are held by most Sri Lankans. What we earnestly desire as Sri Lankans is to live in peace, and to let the generations to come, share with all communities, without hindrance, the riches of this country. Once again, as Rasalingam has said, let the multi-lingual, multi-religious and multi-cultural society seen in Colombo, be the ideal to follow. Creating of ethnic enclaves is a sure recipe for the disintegration of the territorial integrity of this country and for eternal warfare. Would any right thinking person want to inherit such a calamity?
Haris de Silva
Please visit -: http://www.lankaweb.com/
Sinhala people has always given into others and accommodated them through their inherent kindness, fair play andÃƒ”šÃ‚ sense of justice.Ãƒ”šÃ‚ Today they are the ones that suffer most.Ãƒ”šÃ‚ The EnglishÃƒ”šÃ‚ Colonialists came to power sitting on the back of the Sinhala people, and once in power they dropped them, taking into confidence the Tamils and the Moors brought from abroad.Ãƒ”šÃ‚
If a Sinhala speaks for the rights of the Sinhala, many would be those who will treat him as a racist, chauvinist or a Sinhala supremacist. It is time that theÃƒ”šÃ‚ Sinhala should noÃƒ”šÃ‚ more feel shy about being one.
Today after having been made to silently suffer for nearly thirty years by a group of Tamil terrorists, the Tamil National Alliance has begun to dictate terms to the Government of Sri Lanka, while the Ordinary Tamil people inÃƒ”šÃ‚ the North and East are considerably better off than they were ever before.Ãƒ”šÃ‚ But their voices are not heard or they are made to parrot the Tamil politician who are seeking a power base to divide the Country.
The Sri Lanka Government leaders praise the Indian Government and lay the red carpet to receive any one of the Indian Ministers paying a visit to Sri Lanka.Ãƒ”šÃ‚ So much so that they begin feel that Sri Lanka is already an Indian Colony, and issue directions as if they are the Masters.
They come to Sri Lanka and do not help the Government to settle the disputes between the Tamil politicians and the Government but make matters worse makingÃƒ”šÃ‚ impossible demandsÃƒ”šÃ‚ such as to implement an obsolete Amendment 13 of the Constitution. The President apparently cooed his acceptance to implement the Amendment 13 and plus.
The problem with the Tamil National Alliance cannot be settled unless the Government is prepared to take drastic action against the group of the undesirables in the TNA.Ãƒ”šÃ‚ Ãƒ”šÃ‚ Tamil National Alliance is following the exactÃƒ”šÃ‚ modus operandi ofÃƒ”šÃ‚ Prabhakaran the terrorist.Ãƒ”šÃ‚ A government which eliminated terrorism through military action is today, weakened by the necessity to come to a political settlement with the politically distasteful Tamil National Alliance an arm of the former terrorists.
This is what Robert O.Blake foresaw when terrorism was still a strong decisive force ,and asked the Government to come to a political settlement, saying thatÃƒ”šÃ‚ there was no Military solution to the terrorist problem.Ãƒ”šÃ‚ Had the Government listened to Robert Orris Blake, we would still be having the terrorists, perhaps with their own Homeland.
Should not we take a lesson from the past experience and deal with the Tamil National Alliance in the same way the government dealt with terrorism ?Ãƒ”šÃ‚
Not by eliminating them but by saying a loud and firm NO to them. For that we should stop laying the red carpet to Indian government officials coming to Sri Lanka, but ask them to tell the Tamil National Alliance to join handsÃƒ”šÃ‚ and work together with the government to develop not only the Tamil Community but all the Communities in Sri Lanka,Ãƒ”šÃ‚ without being critical of the actions of the Government and running all over the world praying every government or political groups to help themÃƒ”šÃ‚ obtain Ãƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã…“what they wantÃƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã‚ from the government of Sri Lanka
The Indian Government takes a favourable attitude towards the Tamil National Alliance as it has a problem with TamilNadu.Ãƒ”šÃ‚ It is for the Indian Government to settle their problem with TamilNadu without Sri Lanka having to give in to the demands of the Tamil National AllianceÃƒ”šÃ‚ to help India with its problem with TamilNadu.
Tamil National Alliance is not speaking for the TamilÃƒ”šÃ‚ people but for themselves.Ãƒ”šÃ‚
It is a pity that Sinhala people are called upon to suffer due to the governmentÃƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã¢”ž¢s dilly dallying without taking immediate action on important issues.Ãƒ”šÃ‚ One of this is the nightmare the country is made to sufferÃƒ”šÃ‚ having theÃƒ”šÃ‚ Tamil National Alliance as a political party. It was due to theÃƒ”šÃ‚ failure of the government to have banned the Tamil National Alliance immediately after the elimination of the terrorists that we are still burdened with this lot of Ãƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã…“idiotsÃƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã‚.Ãƒ”šÃ‚
The government should have also enacted laws against any political party, groups or individuals acting against the unity of the people of the country ,Ãƒ”šÃ‚ promoting political dissentionÃƒ”šÃ‚ taking the cause of one Community disregarding the cause ofÃƒ”šÃ‚ otherÃƒ”šÃ‚ Communities,Ãƒ”šÃ‚ for promotingÃƒ”šÃ‚ Ãƒ”šÃ‚ Ãƒ”šÃ‚ separatist ideology , and against political parties with ethnic labels.
The Government also delayed settling down the displaced Muslims in Jaffna and settling Sinhala Families in the North and the east, to create a multi ethnic population in the North and the East.
Sinhala people are made to accept silently the appropriation of their cultural assets by the Muslims and the Tamils.Ãƒ”šÃ‚ It has been reported recently, that
Ãƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã…“Ãƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã‚¦Ãƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã‚¦Ãƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã‚¦ the original 70 odd acres belonging to Muhudu Maha Vihara in the East have been reduced to eight acres – the rest having been encroached upon by Muslim squatters.Ãƒ”šÃ‚ But the extent actual archaeological reserve is even less – four acres and the additional four acres had been acquired by a Buddhist monk for the reserve but Muslim squatters have threatened to take legal action against the monk claiming that have land rights to the area. Ãƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã‚¦..Ãƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã‚Ãƒ”šÃ‚ What has the government to say on this matter ?
It has been said that the , Ãƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã…“late Mallika Wanigasundera wrote article after article highlighting this issue since about 2005.Ãƒ”šÃ‚ But all her appeals fell on deaf ears. Ãƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã‚Ãƒ”šÃ‚
It is time that some one takes up the issue. If the political leadership does not take an interest in the matterÃƒ”šÃ‚ the Maha Sangha led by the Chief Priests of Malwatta and Asgiriya, and political parties like the JHU should be made to move in the matter to recuperate theÃƒ”šÃ‚ Vihara land grabbed by the Muslims.Ãƒ”šÃ‚
It is time that the Sinhala people wake up to fight for their rights and preserve their ancestral heritage.
Much had already been said about the Digawapi temple land encroached upon by the Muslims.Ãƒ”šÃ‚ There was a Muslim Minister of a former government who wasÃƒ”šÃ‚ even accused of having bulldozed Digawapi temple land for a Housing Scheme for the Muslims.
Not only are the Sinhala people loosing their cultural assets, but are also made to downgrade their religious values in favour of those of others., the Catholics, Muslims and the Hindus.
Lakbima, of the 16 January, 2012 carried the followingÃƒ”šÃ‚ news item, about how certain Officials of the Buddha Sasana Ministry sabotaged the Buddha Jayanthi Celebrations.
Ãƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã…“All Sambuddhatva Jayanthi Commemoration Programs Sabotaged Certain officials of the Buddha Sasana Ministry sabotaged all programs the government had planned for the Sambuddhadva Jayanthi,according to ministrysources.
They allege that the ministryÃƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã¢”ž¢s top most official and certain other hypocritical official there had not given any cooperation to make a success of the programs in accordance with Mahinda Chinthana to which the President had given his approval.
Ministry sources say that steps had been taken to declare the period from 2011 to Vesak 2012 a Sambuddhatva Jayanthi year and launch many programs, none of them have been activated.
The officials in question had not approved any of these programs which included establishing
(1)Ãƒ”šÃ‚ a Pali Language Promotional unit under the Buddha
Ãƒ”šÃ‚ Ãƒ”šÃ‚ Ãƒ”šÃ‚ Ãƒ”šÃ‚ Ãƒ”šÃ‚ Sasana Act,
(2)Ãƒ”šÃ‚ appointing a Buddha Sasana Regulatory Commission and
(3)Ãƒ”šÃ‚ having a system by which foreign Buddhist monks visiting Sri Lanka and Sri
Ãƒ”šÃ‚ Ãƒ”šÃ‚ Ãƒ”šÃ‚ Ãƒ”šÃ‚ Lankan Buddhist monks traveling abroad can obtain visas without difficulty.
Although the government had allocated a massive amount of money to implement these programs, they had spent it on festivities, erecting pandals and organising processions thereby deliberately ignoring the priorities.
After wasting funds in this manner they had given the excuse they had no money to implement the programs which been agreed upon. Some others had spent part of the money on their personal needs including repairing their private vehicles.Ãƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã‚
Is the President and the Government aware of this ? If so what actions have the government taken against the miscreants ?
The Buddhist ClergyÃƒ”šÃ‚ of the Malwatta and Asgiriya who are there to look after the interest of the Buddha Sasana seem to be inactive and appears to be unconcerned seeminglyÃƒ”šÃ‚ satisfied meeting politicians and being critical of politics, while the Sasana is being dragged in the mud.
The Prime Minister as the Minister ofÃƒ”šÃ‚ Buddha Sasana and Religious Affairs has failed miserably in that position playing politics withÃƒ”šÃ‚ Buddhism. It appears that he even wanted to appoint a committee representing all religions to celebrate the Buddha Jayanthi.
It is in the interest of the Buddha Sasana to have a separate Ministry for the Affairs of Buddha Sasana, preferably headed by a Woman Minister, Ãƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã…“ nominatedÃƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã‚Ãƒ”šÃ‚ from amoungÃƒ”šÃ‚ learned female Buddhists in Sri Lanka such as for instance Dr.Hema Goonatilake, as womenÃƒ”šÃ‚ are far better to promote Buddhist Religious Affairs, because ofÃƒ”šÃ‚ their devotion and attachment to Buddhism, and not being politically motivated.
The Hindu Thaipongal, Christian Christmas and Muslim Eid Ul are allÃƒ”šÃ‚ celebrated at the Temple Trees.Ãƒ”šÃ‚ TheÃƒ”šÃ‚ PresidentÃƒ”šÃ‚ even participated in a Hindu Kovil Ceremony bare bodied with a pottu on the front despite being a Buddhist.Ãƒ”šÃ‚ But do the Tamils(other than Sampanthan and his cohorts ofÃƒ”šÃ‚ the Tamil National Alliance), appreciated thisÃƒ”šÃ‚ gesture of the President ?
All these cerebrations and festivities at the Temple Trees may perhaps forge a Communal unity through respect for the culture of each other.Ãƒ”šÃ‚ But, it is time that the Government begins to pay more attention to the Buddha Sasana, as the rampant indiscipline of young Buddhist Monks in Universities if left unchecked will be the beginning of a disastrous end to Buddhism, in a country where all forces lead by the Catholic Church are awaiting a chanceÃƒ”šÃ‚ to stamp out the importance of Buddhism in Sri Lanka.
India has plenty of problems and priorities to address before meddling with the internal affairs of Sri Lanka or other neighbors like Nepal, Bhutan and Bangladesh. Kashmir needs a proper political solution before anything else. No cities in India have a continuous water supply according to the 2007 Benchmarking and Data Book of Water Utilities in India published by the Asian Development Bank. As reported in the Los Angeles Times on March 22, 2010 an estimated 638 million Indians lack access to basic toilet facilities. The World Food Program states that 230 million Indians go starving which corresponds to a quarter of the starving population of the entire world. According to the World Bank 37% of Indians over 15 are illiterate, which would translate to around 300 million (and the gold medal for illiteracy in the world). Under such conditions it is surprising how India is capable of giving “aid” to other countries. The Dalits of India still face the most inhuman discrimination anyone can imagine.
Since created by the British, India has always been the bully of South Asia. Bloated by Mahabaratha mythohistory, it is a known fact that India uses arrogance to cover its shear incompetence when it comes to a real challenge. When the Maldives was invaded by a few PLOTE mercenaries in 1988, India played the role of the Raksha prince saving the damsel in distress. However India fled the Chinese invasion of 1962. Little Israel awed the world with the daring Operation Entebbe on 4th July 1976, carried out 4000km from home to save the hostages of Air France Flight 139. On 24th December, 1999, when Indian Airlines 814 was hijacked many would have expected the same. Instead three of the worst terrorists were released, to the dismay of all those admirers of screen only Bollywood heroism.
All Indian politicians should realize that appeasing Tamil Nadu is a double edge sword. If Tamil racism gets its way in Sri Lanka, it is only a matter of time before the cancer spreads to India. Tamil Nadu, Assam and Kashmir will lead the Indian balkanization program. In a country with a triple figure list of secessionist, extremist and insurgency groups, the domino effect of balkanization is a realistic threat any wise Indian wouldn’t ignore. Similarly the role of lackey of the Neocolonial Western world is only good as long as India is useful for their agenda. The lesson of South Vietnam is a good reminder of the fate of a nation once abandoned by the West in a haste. Wisdom is not something that can be gained by bathing in the Ganges.
Indian politicians pressing for 13A solution should get the message that Sri Lankan politicians can promise anything but it is the people of Sri Lanka who voted for them and decide their fate in the next election. We will never ever bow down to Indian hegemony like Sikkim. We will never ever let any foreign nation carve enclaves for racist minorities on our soil united once again by the blood of our war heroes.
We the people of Sri Lanka are as unwilling to accept the 13A solution asÃƒ”šÃ‚ an average Indian is unwilling to touch an untouchable.
In a recent statement,IndiaÃƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã¢”ž¢s External Affairs Minister, S.M Krishna had emphasised on the inter-dependence of Ãƒ”šÃ‚ the security ofIndiaandSri Lanka. The MinisterÃƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã¢”ž¢s statement is welcome and it is our hope thatIndiawill consider to re-visit the infamous Indo-Sri Lanka agreement forced on sovereignSri Lankain 1987.Ãƒ”šÃ‚ The agreement provided a road map for the de-construction ofSri Lankaignoring the strong historical , political and demographic facts. Further,Sri LankaÃƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã¢”ž¢s internal security is being challenged by the Tamil separatist forces inSri Lankawho continue to seek redress by referring to the accord and lodging their racist appeals withIndiaand the Tamilnadu Ãƒ”šÃ‚ extremists.
Ãƒ”šÃ‚ Ãƒ”šÃ‚ If India is really interested in having a reliable neighbour in Sri Lanka backed by the majority of Sri Lankans , the Indo-Sri Lanka agreement should be annulled and the attention should be given to a more relevant an appropriate Friendship agreement assuring mutual co-operationÃƒ”šÃ‚ including the unconditional recognition of the sovereignty of Sri Lankan nation.
Ãƒ”šÃ‚ The following humiliating sections in the Ãƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã‹Å“annexureÃƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã¢”ž¢ to the agreement signed in 1987 should be cancelled soonest while strengthening India-Sri Lanka co-operation for the benefit of the both countries under an acceptable agreement.
Ãƒ”šÃ‚ a)Ãƒ”šÃ‚ Ãƒ”šÃ‚ Ãƒ”šÃ‚ Ãƒ”šÃ‚ Ãƒ”šÃ‚ that an understanding will be reached withIndiaconcerning the employment of foreign military and intelligence personnel inSri Lanka
b)Ãƒ”šÃ‚ Ãƒ”šÃ‚ Ãƒ”šÃ‚ Ãƒ”šÃ‚ Ãƒ”šÃ‚ that Trincomalee or any other port inSri Lankawill not be made available for military use by any country in a manner prejudicial toIndiaÃƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã¢”ž¢s interests.
c)Ãƒ”šÃ‚ Ãƒ”šÃ‚ Ãƒ”šÃ‚ Ãƒ”šÃ‚ Ãƒ”šÃ‚ that the restoration and operation of Trincomalee tank farm will be undertaken as a joint venture betweenIndiaandSri Lanka.
d)Ãƒ”šÃ‚ Ãƒ”šÃ‚ Ãƒ”šÃ‚ Ãƒ”šÃ‚ that foreign broadcasting firms will not use any facilities granted to them by Sri Lankafor any military or intelligence puporses.
Ãƒ”šÃ‚ ( The tank farm in Trinco is practically under the control ofIndia. The CPC is prevented from using even a single tank for the CPCÃƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã¢”ž¢s development work. In short, the tank farm which is an invaluable resource remains unutilized asIndiahas the final say!)
Ãƒ”šÃ‚ The Indo-Sri Lanka accord is not conducive to the national dignity ofSri Lankaand the majority Sri Lankans consider it as an awful piece of gun-boat
diplomacy which should be discarded for the mutual benefit ofIndiaÃƒ”šÃ‚ and Sri Lanka
19 January 2012
Hon. Stephen Fletcher, MP, Minister ofÃƒ”šÃ‚ State (Transport), House of Commons, Ottawa
Dear Minister Fletcher:
Re: Misuse of Canada Post Services by the Tamil Youth OrganizationÃƒ”šÃ‚ Ãƒ”šÃ‚
Thanks for your letter of January 9 in response to my complaint about the Misuse of Canada Post Services by the Tamil Youth Organization.Ãƒ”šÃ‚ I am responding to your request for my personal postal address now, since I have just returned from a holiday overseas.
Catching up with my mail I now gather that it has been established that the stamp that has been produced by this Tamil Youth Group had never been authorized nor printed by Canada Post.
Not withstanding the Conservative GovernmentÃƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã¢”ž¢s interest to woo the Tamil community, such counterfeiting Ãƒ”šÃ‚ of an official stamp Ãƒ”šÃ‚ for circulation with an anti-Sri Lankan Government graphic, which I gather Ãƒ”šÃ‚ was sold on e-Bay as a Ãƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã‹Å“collectors itemÃƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã¢”ž¢ shouldÃƒ”šÃ‚ be investigated by your Security Department, and handed for possible legal proceedings to the RCMP.
What is important is to nip in the bud of such illegalities by this Tamil Youth Organization in a community which isÃƒ”šÃ‚ peppered with nefarious illegal activities such as credit card scamming, forging passports and immigration documents, et cetera, to pick up a fast-million bucks.
What is also important is to inculcate into these new Tamil immigrant youth that their adopted home has rules to abide by and that they better live by the law of our great land.
A response from you will be much appreciated.
Asoka Weerasinghe (CÃƒ”šÃ‚ 11255047)Ãƒ”šÃ‚ Ãƒ”šÃ‚ Ãƒ”šÃ‚ Ãƒ”šÃ‚
Ãƒ”šÃ‚ In days of yore, abandonment and or re-scheduling seemed the fair order of the day although to some it may be an inconvenience and messers Duckworth and Lewis seem a mere convenience for the organisers and the financiers so what about the paying public? it might be asked who see their team robbed of a certain victory if not the makings of it and surely deserve a re-fund or a re-play at best not a Duckworth/ Lewis Blooper!
Ãƒ”šÃ‚ Interestingly enough prominent sources from The Carribean where cricket is a household word and has produced some of the finest and the best in both game quality and players the game has ever seen although not faring too well in recent international outings at present, suggests that ” All the brains available to ICC do not reside in England and Australia, for which reason consideration ought to be given to improvements in the regulation of the game of cricket which originated in the West Indies and elsewhere. The Duckworth-Lewis Formula for deciding interrupted or incomplete limited overs cricket matches is neither infallible nor desirable as a universal device.
Because cricket is a game of glorious uncertainties, what principle should prevail in the application of rules of competition for deciding the result of any match in which the final innings cannot be completed as scheduled? There is no mathematical formula which can simulate that uncertainty (even as a Ãƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã…“probabilityÃƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã‚ Ãƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã¢â‚¬Å“ too many indeterminate variables.
The result of the recent WICB One-Day Championship must be acceptable under existing competition rules, but it is inconsistent with decisions made at other times. Leewards scored 139 for nine in 32.5 overs (the last batsman retiring hurt). Barbados replied with 139 all out in 38 overs. The fairest result of this match by the Ãƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã…“Comparative MethodÃƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã‚ would be obtained by comparing the scores of both sides at 32.5 overs (197 balls).
If found to be equal at that stage then the side which had lost fewer wickets would be declared the winner; otherwise the side with the higher score at 32.5 overs would be declared winner.
The match would be Ãƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã…“tiedÃƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã‚ only if at 32.5 overs both sides had scored 139 runs for the loss of the same number of wickets. There is no complicated mathematical formula and presumption involved in this Comparative Method or Historical Record; only reference to the scorebook and matching of scores at the same stage of each sideÃƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã¢”ž¢s innings.
This is done graphically on television when scoring rates are being measured as the match progresses.
This method has been recommended to the appropriate authorities for years now without the courtesy of response with cogent reasons for not adopting it in WICB Competition Rules for Limited Overs matches.” end quote and what better logic can there be towards the abandonment of the Duckworth/Lewis Method one might ask? which is probably more deserving of being thrown into the English Channel for good measure!
Ãƒ”šÃ‚ When Sri Lanka’s cricketers ~ (Mr Dilshan the skipper has already voiced his protestations ) get wind of this ( no pun intended!) , they will in all probabilities exult in the logic of it all and reflect back to the last ODI against South Africa which they could well have won but for the rain, not forgetting what happened to the South Africans who were shortchanged in similar circumstances at the last World Cup involving Sri Lanka coincidentally, in the Semis. which almost in poetic justice the Lankans were never able to capitalise on eventually due to the heroics of a certain Mr Gichrist!!
Ãƒ”šÃ‚ There will surely be a universal clamour for disbandment of the D/L mishap rather than method which hopefully will be picked up by the cricket world, all its advocates and adjudicators that there certainly is merit in the logic of the West Indian concept that the D/L method seems not only detrimrntal to the gentlemen’s game albeit a shorter version of it, and simply not cricket!.
Ãƒ”šÃ‚ The above article (LW Ãƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã¢â‚¬Å“ 14.1.2012) clearly indicates the advent of another person in the spirit of Jesus Christ as his second advent. There is no mention about the post-crucifixion event of Jesus and it is important to highlight the hidden history of Jesus. There are historical records which support JesusÃƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã¢”ž¢ post-crucifixion journey to Kashmir.
Ãƒ”šÃ‚ While in Palestine Jesus had given sufficient indications, though in parables as was his habit, that in the future he would have to leave Palestine for another country.
As he was moving away from Palestine, the question arose, as to where Jesus should go. This has already been answered by Jesus himself; Ãƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã…“I have been sent only to those lost sheep, the people of IsraelÃƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã‚ (Mathew: 15;24.)
Ãƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã…“I have other sheep, that are not of this fold, I must bring them also, and they will heed my voice. So there shall be one flock and one shepherd.Ãƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã‚(John: 10;16.)
Obviously Jesus would now go in search of the lost tribes of Israel. In order to evade arrest he had to move away from the danger. Both the Jews and the Roman authorities were his enemies. He thus followed the same ancient route which was taken by the Jews during their historic dispersion.
Ãƒ”šÃ‚ Lost Tribes of Israel
If we glance at the history of the Jews, we find that they were divided into twelve tribes. They were: 1. Asher, 2. Benjamin, 3. Dan, 4. Ephraim, 5. Gad, 6. Issachar, 7. Judah, 8. Manasseh, 9. Naphatali, 10. Reuben, 11. Simeon, 12. Zebulun. All of them lived peacefully under Hazrat Dawood (David) and after his death under Hazrat Sulaiman (Solomon) who were both prophets of god as well as their kings. According to the Bible, their kingdom included all the nations from the river Euphrates to as far west as the city of Gaza in Philistia and the Egyptian border. After the death of King Solomon in 931 B.C, his son Rehoboam succeeded him as king. He was very cruel, so the people rebelled against him and his kingdom was reduced to the territory of Judah. Jerusalem was the capital of this southern kingdom. Only two tribes, Judah and Benjamin remained loyal to Rehoboam. The remaining ten tribes formed the northern kingdom of Israel, with its capital at Samaria and made Jeroboam as their king. There was continual warfare between the two kingdoms.
Jeroboam, according to the Bible, was an official in SolomonÃƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã¢”ž¢s kingdom. He revolted against King Solomon and in order to avoid his wrath escaped to Egypt and stayed there until SolomonÃƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã¢”ž¢s death. About two hundred years later, Assyrians under King Tiglath Pilser III (745-727 B.C) attacked the northern kingdom of Israel and captured many cities and took their people to Assyria as prisoners.
A few years later emperor Shalmaneser V of Assyria attacked the kingdom of Israel. King Hoshea of Israel surrendered and agreed to pay him tribute every year. But one year, king Hoshea sent messengers to the king of Egypt asking for his help and stopped paying the annual tribute to Assyria. When Shalmaneser learnt this, he reacted very strongly, invaded Israel and besieged Samaria, which lasted for three years. During this time emperor Shalmaneser died. His successor Sargan II continued the attack and in 722 B.C. destroyed the kingdom completely and carried almost all the remainder of the ten tribes to Assyria, Mesopotamia and parts of Media. Henceforth, these ten tribes were known as the Lost Tribes. Further dispersion of the ten tribes took place when the Babylonians destroyed the Assyrians.
Later, the Persians under King Cyrus crushed the Babylonian Empire in 539 BC. The Israelites thus suffered again and were scattered throughout the Persian Empire which at that time extended upto Afghanistan and India. It was these lost tribes of Israel that Jesus went in search of.
Ãƒ”šÃ‚ Jesus travels to the East.
It appears that Jesus left Galilee and followed the caravan route to Syria, where there was a large Jewish community settled in and around Damascus. There are indications that from Damascus Jesus traveled to Nisibain, a city about 450 miles from Jerusalem, which is on the route from Syria to Persia. A well-known Persian historical work known as Rauzat-us-Safa describes an account of the travels of Jesus to Nisibain.
It says, Ãƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã…“Jesus, on whom be peace, was named the Messiah as he was a great traveler. With a woollen scarf on his head and woolen cloak on his body, and a stick in his hand, he wandered on foot from country to country and from city to city. He ate wild fruit and vegetation and at night stayed where he happened to be. In one of his travel, his companions bought a horse for him. He rode the horse one day but as he could not make any provision for the feeding of the horse, he returned it.
When he arrived in Nisibain, which was at a distance of several hundred miles from his home, he sent some of his disciples into the city to preach. There were current wrong and unfounded rumors in the city about Jesus and his mother. The Governor therefore arrested the disciples and summoned Jesus. Jesus preached to the people, healed some sick persons by his prayers and also showed some other miracles to them; as a result the King of Nisibain with all his armies and his people became his followers. (Rauzat-us-Safa was written in 835 A.H. (1417 A.D.) by Sir Muhammad bin Khawand and reprinted in Bombay in 1271 A.H. (1852 A.D.) pages 130 – 135)
Ãƒ”šÃ‚ Jesus in Persia
It seems that by going to Nisibain, Jesus intended to travel towards the east through Persia to Afghanistan.
During the course of his journey, Jesus seems to have passed through Herat, a town near the border of Afghanistan with Iran. This is evident from a brief account of a community called Dervishes who claim to be the followers of Jesus and are found even today, in and around Herat. In a book called Ãƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã‹Å“Among the DervishesÃƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã¢”ž¢, it is stated:
Ãƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã…“The followers of Isa, son of Maryam – Jesus, son of Mary, generally call themselves Moslems and inhabit a number of villages scattered throughout the western area of Afghanistan whose centre is Herat…………..They believe in the doctrine that Jesus was the Ãƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã‹Å“son of GodÃƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã¢”ž¢ because he had attained that rank through his goodness and sacrifice. According to these people, Jesus escaped from the cross, was hidden by friends, was helped to flee to India…….. and settled in Kashmir where he is revered as an ancient teacher, Yuz Asaf. It is from this period of the supposed life of Jesus that these people claim to have got their message.Ãƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã‚ (Ãƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã‹Å“Among the DervishesÃƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã¢”ž¢ by O.M. Burke published by Octagon Press Ltd, London, pages 107 – 109)
It appears that after leaving Nisibain, Jesus assumed the name of Yuz Asaf as he was sometimes known by this name in the countries he subsequently visited. Yuz is derived from Yusu meaning Jesus and Asaf means the gatherer or collector. Thus Yuz Asaf means Jesus, the gatherer of the lost sheep of Israel.
Ãƒ”šÃ‚ Jesus in Afghanistan
Ãƒ”šÃ‚ From here Jesus seems to have entered Afghanistan and then through Punjab to Kashmir where the lost tribes of Israel were believed to have settled. There are also indications that Jesus might have visited Tibet.
When we study the customs and habits of the inhabitants of those countries, especially Afghanistan and Kashmir we are surprised to find that the Afghans and the Kashmiris resemble the Israelites greatly and are very dissimilar to the people of the Indian sub-continent in their habits, and complexion. The Afghans, themselves claim that they are the descendants of Israelites and their features certainly support their claim and so do several of the names of their tribes. For example, MUSA KHEL means the tribe of Moses; DAUD KHEL, the tribe of David; YUSUF ZAI the tribe of Joseph and SULEMAN ZAI, the tribe of Solomon. Similarly the names of several of their places appear to have Jewish origin.
There is therefore every possibility that some of the lost tribes of Israel had settled in different parts of Afghanistan for a long time before the event of crucifixion and that Jesus visited them and preached to them and was accepted by them.
Ãƒ”šÃ‚ Jesus in India
From Afghanistan Jesus might have travelled through the Punjab in India and finally settled in Kashmir. In Kashmir, most of the Israelites had adopted Buddhism. Some even had become idol worshippers. Slowly and gradually Jesus brought them back to the true faith and they accepted him as a Prophet of God.
As time passed Jesus had a great following even in Kashmir. He was held in great honour. Thus he was accepted in all the lands where the lost tribes of Israel had settled.
Jesus Meets a Hindu King
In a very old Sanskrit book called Bhavishya Maha Puranas, a meeting between King Shalewahin and Jesus is described. It is reported that once King Shalewahin went to a peak of the Himalayas. There, in the middle of the Hun country the mighty king saw a dignified person of fair complexion wearing white clothes, sitting in the mountain. Shalewahin asked him who he was? He replied with a smile, Ãƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã‹Å“I am the Messiah, born of a virgin,Ãƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã¢”ž¢
He also told the king that he had come from a far off land where he suffered at the hands of his people. When the king asked him to explain his religion, Jesus replied. Ãƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã‹Å“It is love, truth and purity of heartÃƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã¢”ž¢. King Shalewahin was deeply impressed by his holiness, so he left after paying homage to him. (Bhavishya Maha Puranas written in 3191 Laukika era (115 A.D.)
Ãƒ”šÃ‚ Jesus Died in Kashmir
Jesus, may peace be upon him, is believed to have died at the age of 120 and was buried in Kashmir. Guided by divine revelation and subsequent research, Hazrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad, the Founder of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community in Islam, located his tomb in the Khanyar sector of the city of Sri Nagar, where it has now become well-known and continues to attract many visitors from all parts of the world. The tomb is known as the Tomb of Yuz Asaf. The grave, according to Jewish custom, is east-west in direction, while it is a well-known fact that Muslims, in that part of the world, bury their dead in the North-South direction. The Hindus and the Buddhists, on the other hand, cremate their dead.
This discovery is a further evidence to the fact that Jesus did not die on the cross and that he had travelled to India to accomplish the divine mission, for which he was sent into this world. May his soul rest in peace.
The QurÃƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã¢”ž¢an mentions the place of his final refuge in the following words:
Ãƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã…“And we made the son of Mary and his mother a Sign, and gave them shelter on a pleasant plateau with springs of running waterÃƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã‚.(23:5)
This is an accurate description of the beautiful valley of Kashmir, where Jesus and his mother finally settled and lived in peace and tranquility after his escape from Palestine. Kashmir is famous throughout the world for its natural beauty. It is called the Ãƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã‹Å“valley of eternal blissÃƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã¢”ž¢ and sometimes Ãƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã‹Å“heaven on earthÃƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã¢”ž¢. Thus this Ãƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã‹Å“heaven on earthÃƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã¢”ž¢ became the place of eternal rest for Jesus and his mother.
It is also believed that Mary died and was buried at a place called Mari or Murree, named in her honour. Her grave which is known as Ãƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã‹Å“The resting place of mother MaryÃƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã¢”ž¢ can be visited even today. Murree is situated in Northern Pakistan not far from Islamabad, the capital of Pakistan, and is part of the mountainous range which extends to Kashmir.
The QurÃƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã¢”ž¢an tells us in clear terms that Jesus had died. It says: Ãƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã…“The Messiah, son of Mary, was only a Messenger. All Messengers have indeed passed away before him. And his mother was a truthful woman. They both used to eat food.Ãƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã‚ (5:76)
At another place it says: Ãƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã…“Muhammad is only a Messenger. All Messengers have indeed passed away before him.Ãƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã‚ (QurÃƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã¢”ž¢an: 3;145)
Ãƒ”šÃ‚ The Government of IndiaÃƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã¢”ž¢s Film DivisionÃƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã¢”ž¢s Documentary Ãƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã…“The Rozabal Shrine of Srinagar (Dec 2010)Ãƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã‚ also was screened at an International Film Festival in Tiruananthpuram Kerala, India, last year. Government of India Documentary on Jesus in Kashmir Ãƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã¢â‚¬Å“ the complete film can be watched at this link:
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R.Sampanthan says the government delegation didnÃƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã¢”ž¢t show up for the meeting yesterday.
Those who studied Sinhalese literature in the late 1950s must remember Ãƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã…“Ummanga JatakayaÃƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã‚ in which Kewattaya inviting Bosathano to a debate.Ãƒ”šÃ‚ Bosathano deliberately delayed and kept Kewattaya waiting for a very long time until KewattayaÃƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã¢”ž¢s neck elongated to the length of a cock bird in a paddy field.Ãƒ”šÃ‚ Kewattaya was the enemy to Bosathano.Ãƒ”šÃ‚ In the modern day Kewattaya is reborn as R.Sampanthan who is an enemy to the peace loving Sri Lankans.Ãƒ”šÃ‚ So the present day Kewattaya is the enemy to Sinhala,Muslim and Tamil people who love the country Sri Lanka and want to live in peace and harmony as a one nation. But this Kewattaya is causing enough and more trouble in trying to divide the nation.Ãƒ”šÃ‚ The government delegation indirectly told Kewattaya that this is not the right place for a racist, separatist terrorist.Ãƒ”šÃ‚ Go back to where you came from and Tamil Nadoo is where you belong.Ãƒ”šÃ‚ Racit Tamil belongs to Tamil Nadoo.Ãƒ”šÃ‚ LET THIS PATRIOTIC WRITER TELL YOU SAMPANTHAN LOUD AND CLEAR Ãƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã…“RACIST, SEPERATIST AND TERRORIST TAMIL DOES NOT BELONG TO HELA DIVA AND THEY BELONG TO TAMIL NADOO.Ãƒ”šÃ‚ TAMILS LIVE IN TAMIL NADOO.Ãƒ”šÃ‚ If you do not understand the meaning of HELA DIVA ask the patriotic citizen Dr.K.T.Rajaratnam.Ãƒ”šÃ‚ The writer is confident that Dr.Raj will give you an earful of lessons to be learnt.
IS SARATH FONSEKA THE MODERN DAY MOOSILA?
Those who learnt Sinhalese literature in the late 1950s must remember Ãƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã…“Guttila Moosila satanaÃƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã‚Ãƒ”šÃ‚ Guttila was the Bosathano and Moosila was the enemy to Bosathano.Ãƒ”šÃ‚ Moosila was the student under the master musician Guttila eduru tuma.Ãƒ”šÃ‚ After Moosila leant to play the violin, Moosila challenged his master Guttila to a contest.Ãƒ”šÃ‚ To make the story short Guttila performed miracles and Moosila faced a humiliating defeat.Ãƒ”šÃ‚ That is what exactly happened in the modern day Presidential election.Ãƒ”šÃ‚ Moosila is reborn as Sarath Fonseka promoted to the rank of Major General by Guttila master reborn as Mahinda Rajapakse who performed miracles in winning the war against terrorism and economic miracles.Ãƒ”šÃ‚ SO THE HISTORY REPEATS ITSELF.
IS HAKEEM PRIZE WORTHY OR WORTHY OF AN HONOUR?
Racist, separatist and Terrorist backer Hakeem is neither prize worthy nor worthy of any honour because Hakeem is not an hounarable citizen.Ãƒ”šÃ‚ In plain language Hakeem is a traitor.
A BUNCH OF ESCAPEES FROM KANDY MENTAL ASSYLUM, SEVERAL DAYS AGO AWARDED AN HONOURARIUM TO HAKEEM WITH Ãƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã…“POLKATU MALEÃƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã‚ (A GARLAND MADE OUT OF COCONUT SHELLS).Ãƒ”šÃ‚ Truly it is an act of mentally retarded people.Ãƒ”šÃ‚ The title of the honour is a weird one and never heard of it before.Ãƒ”šÃ‚ The monks who honoured Hakeem are also unknown to the country.Ãƒ”šÃ‚ WHO ASKED THESE MONKS TO HONOUR HAKEEM?Ãƒ”šÃ‚ WHO RECOMMENDED HAKEEM FOR THE HONOUR?Ãƒ”šÃ‚ WHAT HAS HAKEEM DONE TO AWARD THE HONOUR?Ãƒ”šÃ‚ IT IS THE BIGGEST JOKE IN THE YEAR BEGINNING.Ãƒ”šÃ‚ DID THOSE MONKS OBTAIN THE POLICE REPORT BEFORE THE AWARD?Ãƒ”šÃ‚ THIS IS SIMILAR TO THE OBEAMA AWARDED WITH THE NOBEL PEACE PRIZE.Ãƒ”šÃ‚ AT THE SAME TOKEN IT MUST BE PRE EMPTIVE STRIKE BY THE MONGREL MONKS.
WERE THOSE MONKS AWARE OF KUMARI COORAY SAGA?Ãƒ”šÃ‚ DID THEY KNOW THAT KUMARI COORAY SET FIRE TO HERSELF AT THE DOOR STEP OF HAKEEMÃƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã¢”ž¢S HOUSE?Ãƒ”šÃ‚ DID THOSE MONKS KNOW THAT HAKEEM SIGNED AN MOU WITH VELOO FOR THE SEPARATE EELAM STATE?Ãƒ”šÃ‚ DID THOSE MONKS KNOW THAT HAKEEM HAD A SECRET PLAN FOR Ãƒ”šÃ‚ A SEPARATE MUSLIM STATE IN THE EAST?Ãƒ”šÃ‚ If such a man is hournerd by some unknown weird group of monks, certainly they must be a bunch of mad men.
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January 17, 2012, 6:00 pm
Our late colonial masters, the British, have an institutionalized system of Ãƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã‹Å“family bandyismÃƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã¢”ž¢. Their Head of State will always be from one family. When the mother Elizabeth dies it will be her eldest son or failing him his eldest son or failing a son, a daughter who will succeed to the job of Head of State with all the allowances and perquisites that go with it at the expense of the people of the United Kingdom. They however make no bones about what they do. They do not claim to be a republic or a genuine democracy where the Head of State is elected by the people but proudly claim to be a monarchy where the job of Head of State always goes to a person based entirely on his family connections which have no relationship whatsoever to competence or ability. They, therefore, are transparent about their perfidy.
Other countries which claim to be republics and/or five Star democracies, and have, desecrated the words Ãƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã‹Å“socialismÃƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã¢”ž¢ and Ãƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã‹Å“democracyÃƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã¢”ž¢ with their outrageous practices have, however, also evolved systems of appointments through relationship and blood rather than through competence and ability. Thus, we saw in that supposed socialist Utopia named North Korea, that the mighty Kim Il Sung was succeeded by his son Kim Jong Il, who himself was succeeded by his brat of a son Kim Jong Un.
But, why do we go as far as North Korea? Let us take India. After the death of the mighty Jawaharlal Nehru, he was succeeded by another very great man Lal Bahadur Shasthri. After ShasthriÃƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã¢”ž¢s sudden and untimely death, NehruÃƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã¢”ž¢s daughter Indira succeeded to the throne as Prime Minister. After the murder of Indira Gandhi, her heir presumptive Sanjay having predeceased her, her younger son Rajiv, who then had nothing to do with piloting the ship of State but only an air bus of Indian Airlines, was suddenly thrust into the post of Prime Minister. With the murder of Rajiv Gandhi by the LTTE, an Italian housewife, namely, his wife Sonia became the Head of the Congress Party and the most powerful person in India with the Congress government in power. Her son Rahul is tipped to succeed her.
Let us now come home. When the mighty D. S. Senanayake died, it was his weakling son Dudley who succeeded him. While Dudley is generally regarded as having been a Ãƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã‹Å“great manÃƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã¢”ž¢ in comparison to others who succeeded him, he himself was weak and treacherous and indeed agreed to the perpetual institutionalised discrimination against the Sinhalese people by the Dudley-Chelvanayakam Pact purely to be in power and/or to deprive Mrs. Sirima Bandaranaike of the chance of being in power. Be that as it may, with the resignation of Dudley Senanayake consequent to the Hartal in 1953, his successor was another relation Sir John Lionel Kotalawela. With the defeat of Kotalawela came Bandaranaike and after his assassination, [after a brief interlude with W Dahanayake], Mrs. Bandaranaike became the first female Prime Minister in the world not because anybody whomsoever recognized in her, a degree of competence in state craft but only because they felt that with the outpouring of grief over Mr. BandaranaikeÃƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã¢”ž¢s death, she would make a candidate who could win and that her prospects of wining were far greater than those of BandaranaikeÃƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã¢”ž¢s lieutenant C. P. De Silva who belonged to the Salagama and not to the Govigama caste.
After Mrs. Bandaranaike came J. R. Jayewardene and one of the first things he did was to appoint his young kinsman Ranil Wickremesinghe, a neophyte lawyer who had not even come close to distinguishing himself in any field and had hardly spoken a word in Court (if at all) as Deputy Minister of the important portfolio of Foreign Affairs knowing that with its Minister, the ineffective Hameed being abroad most of the time that kinsman could act and function as the de facto Foreign Minister. There can be little doubt that but for his kinship to JRJ, Wickremesinghe would never have even entered Parliament in 1977. That same Wickremasinghe succeeded to the leadership of UNP thanks to the LTTE and will not give it up despite his world record in serial losses.
Are things better in the SLFP? The answer is a resounding NO.
While the Ãƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã‹Å“family bandyismÃƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã¢”ž¢ that prevailed during the Bandaranaike regime was the Ãƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã‹Å“family bandyismÃƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã¢”ž¢ of the Bandaranaike family in terms of which one had to be a Bandaranaike or a Ratwatte to lead the SLFP, and the heir apparent was Mrs. BandaranaikeÃƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã¢”ž¢s son Anura, a very well read man possessed of much intelligence but no industry or will to work. That heir apparent was later cast aside and his sister Chandrika, who had earlier abandoned the party, worked against it, supported a rival candidate Ossie Abeygunasekera [who later became a UNP MP] from the party she then purported to lead when he contested her mother Mrs. Bandaranaike, for the presidency and actively worked against the SLFP in several by elections etc succeeded to the leadership of SLFP and became the countryÃƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã¢”ž¢s President. There can be no doubt that she would never have come anywhere within reach of the leadership of the SLFP had she not been a Bandaranaike.
Today, we have Mahinda Rajapaksa, whom the Bandaranaike family did not want as President and with him a whole host of members of the Rajapaksa family in various high positions. It is no secret that even ministers pay unctuous obeisance to the Rajapaksa family whether they are technically higher or lower in precedence to them. They pay obeisance not because of any table of precedence or genuine respect but purely and simply because they realize that as things look today, it is only through the Rajapaksa family that one could get anywhere in politics. Is this over simplifying matters? I think not.
If we go through the results of our past elections we will find that in very many cases where a candidate or MP died, his widow, an offspring or a sibling would succeed him. Thus, we found Gamini DissanayakeÃƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã¢”ž¢s widow Srima, who had never ever ventured into politics earlier becoming the Presidential candidate of the UNP after DissanayakeÃƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã¢”ž¢s murder by the LTTE. We find that when M. H. M. Ashraff, the leader of the SLMC died it was his widow who succeeded him as the leader of the Democratic Unity Alliance which is a party that Ashraff had formed and that it was the same Ferial Ashroff who became the co-leader of the Sri Lanka Muslim Congress together with Rauff Hakeem.
This is not all. The tragic tale goes on and on and on about family members succeeding other family members in public office wholly because of relationship and not because of any kind of competence, ability or suitability.
When Lalith Athulathmudali was murdered he was succeeded by his widow Srimani, who even got a ministerial portfolio not because of any ability on her part but because she was the widow of Athulathmudali. When P. Chadrasekaram, the leader of Upcountry PeopleÃƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã¢”ž¢s Front, died it was his widow who succeeded him as the leader of that party. When Saumyamoorthy Thondaman died it was not Sellasamy, Peri Sunderam or any other who had worked or rendered any service to the Ceylon Workers Congress and was known and recognised by the people as being a leading figure of that trade union/political party who succeeded him as leader of the CWC. It was his Ãƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã‹Å“playboyÃƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã¢”ž¢ grandson Arumugam who did, and he is now a Cabinet Minister and has been one in governments of all colours. Further, Sumithra Abeyweera became a Member of Parliament for the Kalutara District not because of any competence in herself but purely because she was the daughter of Indrapala Abeyweera, who was the Chief Organiser of the SLFP for Kalutara, murdered by the JVP sometime before the elections of 1989. Similarly, Hema Rathnayake became a Member of Parliament for the Badulla District and later a Cabinet Minister not because of any competence in her but because her husband T. B. Ratnayake, who had been the SLFP Organizer for Haputale had been murdered by the JVP. It was the same with Mrs. Sumedha Jayasena of Monaragala who became an MP for the area and later a Cabinet Minister not because of any competence in her but because she was the widow of Sumedha B. Jayasena, the SLFP organizer for Monaragala earlier and had died suddenly but peacefully before the General Election of 1989.
So hopelessly bad have things become that the infamous synthetic `DoctorÃƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã¢”ž¢ Mervin Silva is reported to have announced that his thoroughly disreputable son, Malaka, who is not known for any ability in any field of activity will succeed him at Kelaniya!
So Ãƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã‹Å“family bandyismÃƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã¢”ž¢ thrives at home and in so many countries of the supposedly democratic/socialist East that one does wonder whether we could ever have a chance Ãƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã¢â‚¬Å“ for family connections are not, and can never be, a substitute for objective merit and ability.
One reason for this malaise is that despite all the slogans they shout and their vain posturing at Ãƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã‹Å“protestsÃƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã¢”ž¢ our People have not yet shaken off their feudal mentality and the Ãƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã‹Å“feudal lordÃƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã¢”ž¢ of yester year has now been replaced by the Ãƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã‹Å“political strongmanÃƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã¢”ž¢.
If we are to progress and hold our own among the nations of the world, we must forthwith free ourselves from this horrendous feudal mindset of servility to politicians and allegiance to their families and replace the Ãƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã‹Å“family bandyismÃƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã¢”ž¢ that now reigns supreme with a Ãƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã‹Å“meritocracyÃƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã¢”ž¢. If we do not, we are surely doomed!
The thirteenth amendment was forced on us by India following the infamous Indo Sri Lanka Accord, without considering the historical, cultural and geographical background and the Sinhala opinion. India for a long time had acted without listening to the Sinhala majority, without even taking into consideration the importance of Sri Lanka in respect of security of the subcontinent. Delhi listened only to Tamil Nadu, which had ulterior motives and hence to the Tamil Vellala leaders until non Vellala Prabhakaran appeared in the picture. As far as India was concerned there was repression of the Tamils by the Sinhala people but never wanted to find out the truth of the allegations made by the Vellala leaders. India should have at least learnt a lesson at the Thimpu talks that they cannot impose their views completely even on J R Jayewardene. The delegation sent to Thimpu by the government rejected the so-called Thimpu Proposals but India failed to realize that there was a Sinhala opinion against devolution of power to the Northern and Eastern Provinces of the country, based on historical cultural and geographical facts. India wanted the Sinhalas to recognize that those two provinces were the historical habitats of the Tamils; it turned a blind eye to the fact that the two provinces had been creations of the English (British Raj) and that final demarcation of the nine provinces was carried out only in 1889 three years after Ananda Vidyalaya was established. The term historical habitats which really meant Tamil homeland as far as the Vellalas and Prabhakaran were concerned, was never acceptable to the Sinhala people.
When the Sinhala people were not prepared to accept the proposals of India to solve the so called ethnic problem India applied force on J R Jayewardene government with what is known as Parippu or Dhal diplomacy. JRJ, who had been ready to support the Americans and the English even against India, would have been surprised to find that he did not receive any support from his allies in the west when India dropped parippu, threatening to attack Sri Lanka if the government did not obey India.
The English elevated the Vellalas to a hierarchical position in the absence of a Brahmin class in Sri Lanka probably with Shri Arumugam Navalar providing the necessary “theoretical” background later, and used the English speaking Vellalas as a force against the Sinhalas, especially the Sinhala Buddhists.
In 1987 India forced JRJ to sign the Indo Sri Lanka Accord. He may not have been the greatest patriot but he would not have signed the document if he was free to make a choice. The thirteenth amendment was not acceptable to the majority of the Sinhalas, except to the NGO and Marxist pundits of many varieties and a few others in the Christian Churches of various denominations (the Marxists most probably would not call them Sinhalas but working class intellectuals). However, India used its powers and the Bill was passed in the Parliament with the support of the predecessors of the Tamil National Alliance (TNA). The Opposition of the Sinhalas to the accord was manifested in the uprisings by them, which were made use of by the JVP that constituted mainly of Sinhala Buddhist youth in spite of their Marxist rhetoric. The JVP was crushed without India or the westerners having a moment to think of their human rights.
Although the thirteenth amendment is now law of the country, the majority of the Sinhala people never agreed with that, and even Chandrika Kumaratunga the pink socialist with her French connections could not implement it due to opposition of the Sinhalas. It is mainly the non implementation of the thirteenth amendment that prolonged the survival of the LTTE as in spite of their lip service to eradicate terrorism the west and India gave their tacit support to the LTTE in order to crush the Sinhala opinion. Had the Sri Lankan government implemented the thirteenth amendment which has been drafted thinking of Indian historical conditions with dynastic regimes throughout, and not of those of Sri Lanka where we had an Eksesath Rajya (a form of unitary state) from the time of King Pandukabhaya, it is very likely that Prabhakaran would have gone to Nandikadal much earlier, though Tamil racism would have survived with the support of the west. However, the Sinhalas were not prepared to devolve power in order to satisfy the Vellalas, the Indians and the west and finally it was left to President Mahinda Rajapaksa to defeat the LTTE though the west opposed it. The President, it appears had been able to convince the Indian leaders that he was determined to crush the LTTE whatever opposition he may have to face. The west that could not save Prabhakaran even at the last moment is opposed to the President and they are now looking for so-called evidence to punish both Messers Mahinda Rajapaksa and Gothabaya Rajapaksa for the crime of defeating terrorism in Sri Lanka.
If India or any other country thinks that the Sinhala people opposed to the thirteenth amendment would agree to a so called thirteen plus to satisfy the Vellala leadership of the TNA then it is only wishful thinking. The Sinhalas will never agree to devolving police powers and land distribution powers to the Provincial Councils and they would make the government to abolish the thirteenth amendment, if not for the problems that the government has to face. The Armed forces sacrificed their lives mainly against the thirteenth amendment and the question of going beyond that does not arise. The question of the thirteenth amendment was solved at “war” and militarily that legislation has been thrown into Nandikadal. What the government should have done immediately after the defeat of Prabahkaran was to bring in legislature to abolish the thirteenth amendment. It is nothing but hilarious in a way for people to talk of going beyond a legislature that has been defeated at “war”. After all “war” is nothing but politics and Cameron is now saying that there would not be any talks on Falklands. Would Churchill have agreed to discuss with Nazi supporters after the so called Second World War. Would Shri Nehru have agreed to talk on Goa after the war. Wars are not outside politics and what has been decided at war can be reversed through war. The west is trying to do that by encouraging and giving support to the LTTE supporters in the west and the TNA leaders and there are signs that the west wants another “war”, which would be a threat to India as well.
The Sinhala people realize the problems of the government and would not agitate for the abolition of the thirteenth amendment at present. However they will oppose devolution of police and land powers to the Provincial councils and definitely to a so called thirteen plus. What they could finally agree with is a thirteen minus and if the west or anybody else thinks that they could ignore the majority opinion then they have not learnt any lessons.
In understanding the nature of Sri LankaÃƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã¢”ž¢s conflict it is important to not only understand the nature of the Tamil caste & class system but analyze how intricately absorbed it is into the social, political, economical, religous hierarchy of how Tamils live or rather should live. The Ãƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã…“ethnicÃƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã‚ tag was introduced simply to sideline the divisions existing between Tamils & showcase a united front locally & internationally. Using Ãƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã…“ethnic discriminationÃƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã‚ by Sinhalese against Tamils was a perfect theme & perfect reason to start a conflict. The conflict enabled higher caste Tamils to keep a hold on lower caste Tamils by camouflaging the real intention & lower castes had no choice but to accept this homeland utopian vision. This did succeed to a great extent. It is now time for the world to know the truth and falsity of labeling Sri LankaÃƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã¢”ž¢s problem as Ãƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã…“ethnicÃƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã‚.
It is also time for Tamils to seriously think of their own future vis a vis continuing generations old caste systems or to follow the path of equality amongst the Tamils before accusing the Sinhalese.
Ãƒ”šÃ‚ 1956 Official Language Act
The 1956 Official Language Act making Sinhala the only official language yet allowing reasonable use of Tamil language is often cited as the grounds for the Ãƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã…“EthnicÃƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã‚ problem. Yet apart from a few small protests there were no large demonstrations on record to oppose this. Tamils even started to learn Sinhala. We need to remember that English was the language being used however less than 6% of total Tamils in Sri Lanka were actually fluent in English. By 1956 Tamils constituted 50% of the clerical personnel of the railway, postal and customs services, 60% of all doctors, engineers and lawyers, and 40% of other labor forces.
Ãƒ”šÃ‚ How many would agree that the Eelaam struggle began in 1923 with Sir Ponnambalam Arunachalam which evolved towards the 1931 demand for 50:50 representation when in reality the Tamil representation in terms of population was 70:30. The denial of this eventually led to the formation of Ilankai Tamil Arasu Kachchi in 1949 (Tamil kingdom Party). The ITAK conveniently changed its name to read Federal Party which today is known as Tamil National Alliance.
Ãƒ”šÃ‚ It was the Prevention of Social Disabilities Act & not the Official Language Act that Tamils opposed!
Part of SWRD BandaranaikeÃƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã¢”ž¢s plan was to penetrate into the Ãƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã…“low casteÃƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã‚ votes of Tamils using division amongst Tamils to garner votes. This similar strategy has been & is still used in present day politics. Thus the Social Diasbilities Act No. 21 was passed in parliament in 1957 giving lower castes the right to attend schools & kovils. Its good for the western world to know that it was a Sinhalese who opened the doors for low caste Tamils to attend schools & kovils Ãƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã¢â‚¬Å“ places that were taboo to them by their own Tamil brethren. No sooner the Tamil high castes & high classes realized the dangers of mainstream parties courting the low castes they devised their response. It was to create the best division possible. A rift between the Tamils & Sinhalese which would strike better success than low caste-high caste divisions. Who remembers the satyagrahas, the tarring of Sinhala letters on vehicle registration numbers. All launched by the ITAC & Tamil Congress Ãƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã¢â‚¬Å“ both high caste/class political parties.
Ãƒ”šÃ‚ It is important to note that all these happened a year after making Sinhala the official language. Why did the Tamils not cry foul over the Sinhala Only Act in 1956 but oppose the Social Disabilities Act on 1957 with such venom? It is because Tamils wanted to deprive their own. However, the 1956 Act became a ruse which led to the Bandaranaike Chelvanayagam Pact which had nothing about the language issue but referred to devolving regional power which would enable them to continue ruling over low caste Tamils for eternity. In 1971 an amendment was brought to the Prevention of Social Disabilities Act which naturally did not go well with high caste Tamils & led to large scale protests.
Ãƒ”šÃ‚ Similarly, when the Government introduced university standardization in 1973 those that opposed were those who were against equitable distribution. Students of all ethnicities from Colombo, Jaffna, Kandy, Galle who had been privy to education opposed opportunities that would be enjoyed by students from Batticaloa, Vanni, Nuwara Eliya, Monaragala & other less developed districts. While the composition of the ethnicities did not change entrance, for Tamils it meant not only the Vellalar caste but lower caste Tamils too would gain university entrance. This was why Tamils opposed the 1973 standardization.
Ãƒ”šÃ‚ Caste riots amongst Tamils
Why is there no reference to caste riots amongst Tamils Ãƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã¢â‚¬Å“ where Vellalars, dhobyÃƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã¢”ž¢s, barber castes were attacking each other in 1871. How about the Vellalars attacking the Paramba caste in 1923 because according to their caste they had no rights to hire drummers for funerals. In 1931 the Vellalars attacked the Pallar castes also for hiring drummers. The message of the Vellalars was clear Ãƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã¢â‚¬Å“ no low castes could hire drummers for funerals! Do Tamils need to be reminded that they did not allow low castes to enter any place that the high castes frequented? Yet when a government directive on Ãƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã…“equal seatingÃƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã‚ emerged violence broke out in 1929 against low caste Tamils sitting on benches as previously they had to sit on the floor! This was how Tamils treated their own!
Continuous petitions were written pleading the Government to cancel the directive. Sir Ponnambalam Ramanathan went so far as to request the Colonial Office in London to encode caste into legislative enactments.
Ãƒ”šÃ‚ Struggle for Tamil Eelaam never began with the LTTE
Those ignorant of these facts would give the 1956 Sinhala Only Act as being the reason for the emergence of the LTTE & to its demand for a separate homeland. How false this claim is. Why was the ITAC formed in 1949 which denotes a separate homeland in its name? Why did the Tamils want 50:50 representation? Why did Tamils gather to put forward the Vadukoddai Resolution calling upon Tamils to take up arms? Why did Tamils allow Tamil police officers to be assassinated while these political leaders watched when all non-Tamils were forced to leave by armed groups in the North?
Ãƒ”šÃ‚ Though the LTTE was a guerilla force it had to abide by the rigid Tamil caste system thus the links to high caste political parties. Prabakaran & his main stooges may have all been low caste & low castes in terms of numbers may be more than the high caste Tamils but the caste system is such that low caste Tamils will hardly revolt Ãƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã¢â‚¬Å“ they are born to accept & never challenge the caste they are born into. That caste differences were very much prevalent is clear in the manner low caste Tamils of the East were used for high risk operations including Karuna who was deprived Ãƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã…“promotionÃƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã‚ for being low caste which resulted in his ultimate defection & which helped liberate the East eventually from the LTTE. Tamils who cry Ãƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã…“discriminationÃƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã‚ may like to recall how in the refugee camps during 1983 the high castes refused to share common toilet facilities with the low castes & a lot of problems arose inside the very camps housing only Tamils!
Ãƒ”šÃ‚ The TNA
Who are they? They are a group of Jaffna centric vellalar caste Tamils who do not represent Tamils. They merely represent their caste & aspire to regain supremacy for their caste. They should in essence be banned for their vision & mission in entirety is to continue a political struggle for a Tamil Homeland. It is a party that needs to be banned in Sri Lanka for political parties are not meant to divide the nation. If the TNA does not represent the Tamil people accept representing the continuous of the Vellalar caste rigid traditions it is time the Government stop playing footsie with such a political party.
Ãƒ”šÃ‚ Essentially what we must all know is that the Vellalars will never allow lower castes to challenge their status quo in marriage (even political marriage for convenience is regarded taboo). The Jaffna vellalars think themselves the elite while the Eastern Tamils and upcountry Tamils are looked down upon lower than the low castes Tamils of Jaffna.
Ãƒ”šÃ‚ So the decision or rather solution for the future of Tamils lies within themselves. Do they continue the age old caste differences or do they put caste, class & regional differences aside. Can the West explain how devolution is likely to provide an answer to these bitter sentiments that exist where Tamils do not want their own to sit with them at dinner, to drink from a teacup belonging to a low caste or to ever into a marriage all because of the caste factor? Obviously the West does not understand or know the complexity of the caste factor amongst Tamils.
Ãƒ”šÃ‚ It may be just 2 years since the elimination of the LTTE. It is too soon for the low caste Tamils to realize they are in a better position now to decide how they should live politically. They will soon realize that they are not bound to galvanize behind political parties like the TNA that pretends to fight for their cause but is only the custodian of the Vellalar traditions. All that the TNA attempts to do politically has nothing to do with the betterment of the Tamil people and all to do with keeping the low castes from straying elsewhere politically especially tying up with southern political parties.
Ãƒ”šÃ‚ What is really important to Tamils
In so far as what is important for the Tamils, it is obvious they need to identify how far they are willing to let go of generations old caste & class barriers. For in defending the caste system they are unlikely to protect either the Tamils or the Tamil culture. The dangers of this arises from large numbers of younger Tamils seeking foreign pastures who are enveloping foreign culture not wanting to be tied to age old traditions that prevails & with time they are unlikely to chant separate homeland either. So Tamils are likely to loose the obvious which is the homeland as well as loose out on protecting its culture simply because they paid scant attention to its protection. The present day calls is for learned Tamils to start protecting the Tamil culture rather than going behind separate homeland themes meant only to hide their caste differences.
Ãƒ”šÃ‚ Tamils must look back critically at the past 30 years. Did the conflict have adverse effects on the Tamil elite/high class and the high castes? No. Who actually suffered then? It was the low castes who have been suffering all along and the irony is that the paid low caste stooge Prabakaran was a puppet in the hands of the Tamil vellalars who used him to deprive his own. Prabakaran cared not to raise his own caste except to glorify himself. Prabakaran cared not to uplift the lives of the other low castes sharing what he earned from LTTE Inc, then these Tamils are never likely to find a savior any time soon unless they begin to change among themselves.
Ãƒ”šÃ‚ The Indian factor
Just as political parties used caste difference to gain political mileage, religious groups used caste to entice low caste Tamils who were poor to follow Christianity/Catholism. Similarly, low caste Tamils became a tool for foreign interferences and India & its intelligence agencies too followed this strategy.
India is no stranger to caste differences. There are 166million untouchables in India. India’s Untouchables are relegated to the lowest jobs, and live in constant fear of being publicly humiliated, paraded naked, beaten, and raped with impunity by upper-caste Hindus seeking to keep them in their place. Merely walking through an upper-caste neighborhood is a life-threatening offense. 20% that is 11m Dalits live in Tamil Nadu & more than 50% live below the poverty line. Neither the AIADMK nor DMK have done anything to change the lives or livelihoods of the Dalits and it is no different in other States of India.
So for India using low castes of Sri Lanka would be nothing new. Part of the plan to economically develop the North with Indian assistance is certainly aimed at uplifting the technical & educational know-how of Tamils in order to incorporate them into IndiaÃƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã¢”ž¢s larger plan for the region. It is good for Sri Lanka to be more alert about what countries give post-conflict for the giving factor is more often camouflaged by what they plan to take ultimately!
Ãƒ”šÃ‚ Hiding behind facades that the Sinhalese are discriminating the Tamils, promoting these lies, distorting facts, paying western media to carry the wrong message is in reality doing damage to oneÃƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã¢”ž¢s own people. People who had been marginalized through the colonial periods, throughout post independence and even while the LTTE prevailed is the real story of the Tamil low castes who had to endure 30 years of suffering. Is this the destiny of the low caste Tamil people? Is it only the vellalars that must thrive in Sri Lanka? This is the question that needs to be answered first by Tamils & next by the West.
January 16th 2012
Ãƒ”šÃ‚ In the fancy words of some, laced with quotes from musings of bygone literary elites to moot, it has been suggested that the Hon. Gotabhaya Rajapaksa has predicted that “the dead Tiger might arise!” But it might also be asked with a bit of tongue in cheek ~ “Where? Not in Sri Lanka surely ! and no more than a caution by the Hon Defence Secretary perhaps whose own musing at times are hinged to his broadminded sense of satire given his intellect of a very high elevation and his own perception of the theme “Prevention is better than cure!!
Then of course, ” the Tigers rising from the ashes of an annihilating defeat” has always been wishful thinking by the residue of the vanquished LTTE and their supportive Tamil diaspora hopefuls where that “near-miraculous resurrection” refered to by certain self assertive scribes would be exactly that, a never transpiring impossibility in Sri Lanka where it is not only the majority Sinhalese led by the assertive team of Rajapaksas, their legislators , law enforcers and their administrators who will ensure this reality but also the real freedom loving Sri Lankan Tamils who are appreciatively aware that it was Tamil Tiger terrorism in the first place that let to their terrible sufferings and have openly declared their allegiance to the Rajapaksa regime with immense gratitude and not merely in a manner of speaking but in collective open defiance. They have asked the Tamil Tiger “would be resurrectors” to go to hell! To those who missed it this information was posted in the global media recently althought there may have been attempts to suppress it for very obvious reasons.
The anticipated “re-emergence of the LTTE” Ãƒ¢Ã¢”š¬Ã¢â‚¬Å“ or some malevolent perception of it, taking complete leave of the expected patriotism of those who broadcast it that is! has become a damning topic of those who want it to be a doomsday prediction perhaps to transcribe it towards their own ends ~ types who need to be cautioned about this kind of expressionism where although the machinations towards it albeit doomed to failure are already in motion globally, if one were to pause in observation knowing where to look and do exist.
Ãƒ”šÃ‚ Although it is a fact of life and has been for sometime now that Tamil Diaspora groups around the world are amazingly infiltrating countries such as Canada, Australia, Britain and the USA,, the United Nations and Tamil Nadu alongside Tamil Tiger sympathetic front organizations of the disemboweled Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam in various other parts of the world as to why it is tolerated is confounding! This happens both within and without Sri Lanka despite being outlawed, at times surreptitiously to take up their cause for a re-surgence of the group and attempt to make inroads towards it using Sri Lanka as a pawn through lies an innuendo quite commonplace where the quest for their “homeland” as some believers seem to think regardless of the realities and futilities involved are bifurcated where a foreseeable homeland already exists across the Palk Straight to assist the ambitions of those in quest of it and a mere boatride away ! ! Then there are the opportunistic rebels of Lankan politics who also seem to think of it as a means to shake the present Administrative Infrastructure of the Nation without realising the ramifications it could have on them although their support towards the concept is never aired in the open for obvious reasons! .
Ãƒ”šÃ‚ The popular dictum of these types which by and large is now becoming monotonous and hollow suggests that ” violation of the fundamental rights and ignoring the basic needs of the Tamils” is rife but seems to be a worthless slogan which if applied to the rights of the rest of Sri Lanka seems more emphatic towards reality of the Nation as a whole, that the rights of all Sri Lankans were violated to a far greater extent than just those the Tamils whose main problem which led to 30 years of internal armed insurrection was their losing privileges granted to them by the Colonial British which was not only lop sided but also an aberration considering who was in the majority of population and to whom the Nation rightfully belonged and the objections by the Sinhalese upheld by those in governance who tried to be fair after independence and revoked by many Tamils and the Nation eventually torn apart through civil unrest climaxing in the Eelam Terrorist insurgency wrongfully termed a Civil War.
Ãƒ”šÃ‚ But regardless of how one views it there is no taking away the responsibility as that of The Tamils who induced great provocations or a greater proportion thereof to the Sinhalese with neither means nor justifiable cause towards the rebellion.They did however indulge their persistent and oftentimes hopeless whim, fanned and fuelled by the callous and inconsiderately masssive global diaspora support which never saw beyond their blind desire for an impossible secession as well as the involvement of opportunistic undesirable catalysts who under the guise of mediators to end the conflict aggravated it further and provided support for the terrorists .
Ãƒ”šÃ‚ Sri Lanka eventually paid a price which left scars on the entire nation but today the Nation is at peace. This is something which should never be compromised nor forgotten as to who was responsible for the accomplishment where, had the rebels been victorious the ramifications for the Sinhala Nation would surely have been disastrous but as things turned out the stronger entity prevailed and should prevail where all Lankans have the right to co-exist with doors open with cautions towards accommodating even the misguided after re-habilitation.
Ãƒ”šÃ‚ There is however no justification for a dialogue which suggests that the Terrorists or their remnants will ever take control of the Nation or even parts of it as the strength of resolve of the nation towards preventing this with the means available seem rock solid as portrayed through the policies of the Rajapaksa Administration and the strength of the Nation’s Armed Forces and to suggest that the methods of prevention if Military by nature would fuel a re-surgence of the terrorists it seems more mythical and wishful thinking where if certain fortifications towards National Security are maintained and strengthened if necessary, the Tamil Tiger aspirants and their cortege would be mere aspirants toiling away on a ramshackle and near de-funct drawing board devoid of strategies in all probabilities in a very depleted perspective and with no justifiable or accepted domain! Least of all in Sri Lanka.
Ãƒ”šÃ‚ And if it takes an increased military presence over a period of time to ensure its long term continuity despite the metaphorical jargon thrown in by crocodile tear shedders in sympathy of the so called “Displaced Tamils” a misnomer at best and a particular favourite of certain opposition groups who strive continually to ursurp the smooth functioning of the present Government, so be it! Given the reality that the transformation of the Nation into a better place for all Lankans to live in with a hope towards posterity is the ultimate reality taking place today and to those who insist that this is not the case in Sri Lanka today they must either be vision impaired or die hard Tiger supporters who have no place within the confines of Sri Lanka and need to search for their Shangri La elsewhere!!
Ãƒ”šÃ‚ Sri Lanka for decades to come in the afternmath of the Tamil Tiger insurgency should never be a stomping ground for non nation friendly entities ever again and a safe haven for all those who aspire and persevere towards her Sovereign and Territorial Integrity through the allegiance to her leadership which should not be swayed by those who wrongfully predict a bleak future through a re-surgence of Tamil Tiger or any other form of terrorism which should be crushed in any manifestation inasmuch as any instences of breaches in Law and order as the need for this takes a greater priority over devolution, the transfer of power to a minority which cannot accept the concept of Central Government which would easily sow the seeds of hope towards secsssion or subjugation to the calls for accountability for justified defensive manouvres within a legitimate framework which assured the integrity of the Nation as it stands today and merely accede to the needs of those with hidden agendas where the TNA and affiliates who have always been fronts for LTTE terrorism should take special note!
Therefore Logically And Militarily The Tamil Tigers Will NEVER Resurge In Sri Lanka If Proper Measures Are Set In Place. Yet The Dangerous Rhetoric Of Some Sympathisers From Within, Continue In Abandon Needing A Response, which is what this is.
68Ãƒ”šÃ‚ eminent Tamil citizens published a letter in The Island of 6th Jan.Ãƒ”šÃ‚ titled, ‘An appeal to the Tamil community…’ Their main point was the eviction of nearly 80,000 Muslims from the North and East by the LTTE in Oct. 1990. The signatories are critical of the govt for not supporting their settlement and forÃƒ”šÃ‚ bureaucratic hostility. This obviously is an observation to get the support of the Muslims. They have not condemned the LTTE for this eviction.
The letter refers to inter-ethnic reconciliation between the Muslims and the Tamils. However, the Sinhalese had also been evicted from the North and East but they have been sidelined from this proposedÃƒ”šÃ‚ reconciliation.Ãƒ”šÃ‚ It is interesting to note that this team had focussed only on the Muslims but not the Sinhalese who were evicted in the same wayÃƒ”šÃ‚ like the Muslims. The statementÃƒ”šÃ‚ adds, “…never again will such a heinous act as the eviction take place amidst us …” But it is the LTTE rump who should say this and so far there had been no public disavowal of the eviction by them. When the LTTE was riding high some from this groupÃƒ”šÃ‚ were in their band-wagon.
A quick glanceÃƒ”šÃ‚ shows that one is a NGO who participated in overseas LTTE seminars, openly supported the LTTE during the war and still writes sympathising forÃƒ”šÃ‚ the LTTE cause. Then there is aÃƒ”šÃ‚ journalist who backed the LTTE and who recently serialised the biographies of LTTE leaders in his website,Ãƒ”šÃ‚ hailing them as heroes.Ãƒ”šÃ‚ Ãƒ”šÃ‚ Another whose contributions to newspapers areÃƒ”šÃ‚ slanting to the LTTE.Ãƒ”šÃ‚
With regard to their request for the military to be withdrawn, the Defence Secretary, Gotabhaya Rajapakse, in his speech at the Sri Lanka Foundatinon Institute on 12th Jan had said, “… there is a possibility of the re-emergence of the LTTE in Sri Lanka, as LTTE sympathisers abroad are struggling to achieve the LTTE’s separatistÃƒ”šÃ‚ ideology…” If so, why should the military be withdrawn from the North and East. Afterall, it was the security forces which brought peace to these areas.
Neutral observers may see this as a ploy to win the hearts of the Muslims and get their supportÃƒ”šÃ‚ to achieveÃƒ”šÃ‚ separatist goals. And it had takenÃƒ”šÃ‚ Ãƒ”šÃ‚ nearly 3 years after the war,Ãƒ”šÃ‚ for themÃƒ”šÃ‚ to realise thatÃƒ”šÃ‚ something wrong had been done to the MuslimsÃƒ”šÃ‚ !
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