Revenue deficit up by Rs. 149 billion through Sri Lanka’s new budget

January 31st, 2015

Courtesy Adaderana

Though it was planned to reduce the budget deficit through the interim budget of the new government to 4.4 per cent of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP), the government revenue deficit being increased by Rs. 149 billion is a significant feature.

The total revenue expected by the government for 2015 would be reduced to Rs. 1,622 billion as compared to the former government’s estimate of Rs. 1,689 billion and the reason for this is the concessions provided on a range of consumer items, pointed out Finance Minister Ravi Karunanayake.

While the current spending has risen from Rs. 1,525 billion to Rs. 1,612 billion through this interim budget due to the salary hikes of government employees and pensioners, the Finance Minister said that this is the highest pay increase in history for Sri Lanka’s government employees.

While capital expenditure has been reduced from Rs. 521 billion to Rs. 499 billion through this budget, the 4.4 per cent budget deficit proposed by the former government has thus been maintained.

The main feature evident here is the increase in the revenue deficit related to monthly financial payments possibly causing negative impacts on economic stability and foreign exchange.

Analysts point out that if revenue deficit is not covered soon through bank loans without increasing interest rates, it may result in the weakening of exchange rates and the reduction of foreign reserves.

Another fact pointed out by economic analysts is that though there are possibilities of collecting higher tax revenue through proposals like a tax of 25 per cent on companies which have gained profits of over Rs. 2,000 billion and imposing huge taxes on telecommunications companies and casinos, it would be impossible to collect the Rs. 01 billion imposed on the sports television channel linked to the former government.

However, the Finance Minister said that this time the tax imposed on the people has been reduced from 14.4 per cent of the GDP to 14.1 per cent.

‘Yahapalanaya’ – Another ‘decapitation drama’

January 31st, 2015

S. Akurugoda

Soon after the Prabhakaran-Ranil Pact (MoU prepared by the notorious ‘Peace Maker’ Norway and initiated by the so-called international community)  was signed , I remember, an article written by  Dr  Gunadasa Amarasekara  titled ‘Sama Diyareddde’appeared on a newspaper (in March 2002).

For those who have not read this ‘decapitation drama’, let me quote this great novelist’s and patriot’s own words used to describe what it is all about.

‘Diyaredden Bella Kapanawa’ is a pithy Sinhala saying to illustrate how one is decapitated or destroyed without his being aware of what is happening to him. He is taken completely unawares. It’s only much later that he realizes that he has been decapitated and that too with hardly any pain or trauma.

The producer, the so-called international community was well aware that the ‘Sama Diyaredde’ is the simplest device available for the ‘decapitation of the nation with a minimum of pain and trauma’ as the writer correctly identified.

Dr. Amarasekara identified the First Act of this drama as the signing of the MoU. He quite accurately predicted the second act as the de-proscription of LTTE. His third prediction of interim councils appeared under various names to keep the Sinhalese in a state of blissful ignorance, first to form the ‘Tsunami Joint Mechanism’ and to the stage of proposing a Interim Self governing Authority (ISGA) as a part of “Peace Process’ mediated by the so-called Peace Maker.

The producer of this tragi-comedy, appeared very pleased with the achievements of their plan and reported even to have increased their “Aid” package to lubricate the decapitation processes.

But thanks to our patriotic people, who did not allowed this drama to be a reality, by choosing the correct political leadership at the right time thereby saving the mother Sri Lanka, not only from Terrorist but by driving away the myths generated by the so-called  ‘Pease Makers’ for more than a decade.

‘Yahapalanya’ or Good Governance’ is the latest device used by, probably, the same producers of the previous tragi-comedy for the ‘decapitation of the nation with a minimum of pain and trauma’.

Unlike the ‘Sama‘  (Peace) weapon used with the previous drama,  the ‘Yahapalana‘ weapon used this time appears to be well planned and set to ensure the main actor to perform a  role similar to that of a princess of ‘Maname’ who facilitated the enemy hunter to kill her loved husband , a story based on betrayal.   In this drama, the hunter is the UNP  while the husband is SLFP.

SLFPers are being beaten up by the UNPers  while the so-called leadership of the SLFP is keeping a blind eye.  The so-called leadership of the SLFP is appointing Cabinet Ministers, State Ministers, Deputy Ministers, Governors, practically any one recommend to any position by the  very same person who signed the notorious pact with Prabhakaran without any hesitation.  Basically the so-called SLFP leadership has kept his own  SLFP parliamentarians  under house arrest. Nearly 5,8 million people who voted for Mahinda Rajapaksa, former SLFP Leader,   are being kept in a state of  dilemma by high jacking the SLFP.

Meanwhile it is also interesting to see that the very same actors, both in and outside the ruling regime, who were playing various roles during the previous ‘Sama’ drama produced by the so-called international community are appeared to be playing  some supportive roles in this tragi-comedy too.

If everything goes as planned by the producers, only the future generation will see the final outcome of this drama as per the last paragraph of the said article.

Many years later, when ethnologists were researching into causes that had led to the extinction of races by the 21st century, they came across a very strange case which they had not encountered before. A race called Sinhala confined to a tiny island, had become extinct, by being subjected to decapitation with a women’s bath cloth-a ‘Diyaredde’ named                                          ‘Yhapalanaya.’

  1. Akurugoda

An interim-government has no right to make Constitutional changes through an ‘Urgent Bill’

January 31st, 2015

Shenali D Waduge

On 8th January 2015 Sri Lankan voters voted for a President to lead the nation. The election that was to vote a President ended up with a Prime Minister being sworn in followed by close to 50 MPs majority belonging to the UNP while the rest composed of MPs that crossed over from the previous government and those that were part of the common alliance. With the next election being the general where all MPs will need to go before the people including the PM, there appears to be a rush to resort to change the constitution. Transferring powers from the Executive President to the Prime Minister is a major political shift and when sovereignty of the nation lies in the hands of the People their consent must take place. The crux of the argument is that Constitutional Changes cannot be done and should not be done by resorting to ‘Urgent Bills’.

The argument that Constitutional Changes cannot be made through an ‘Urgent Bill’ was presented by Dharshan Weerasekara in a paper that appears in the foreign policy journal of 2012. Please view this important article http://www.foreignpolicyjournal.com/2012/07/09/the-fatal-flaw-in-the-sri-lanka-constitution/ The Fatal flaw in the Sri Lankan Constitution’.

Dharshan Weerasekera’s lengthy essay with examples takes readers through the logic of his assessment exploring the fundamental nature of using an Urgent Bill.

Dharshan’s argument, in brief, is as follows:

The Constitution sets out a regular procedure for enacting Constitutional amendments, and that procedure gives citizens an opportunity, albeit a brief and limited one, to challenge proposed amendments before the Supreme Court.  Citizens have this same right with respect to any proposed new law.

Since the Constitution is the Supreme Law of the Land, it stands to reason that if citizens get an opportunity to challenge other laws before they are enacted, they ought to have that right more than ever when it comes to proposed changes to the Constitution.

The “Urgent Bills” provision allows the president and the Cabinet to bypass the normal procedure for enacting new laws, which means citizens do not have a chance to challenge the proposed law, at the Bill stage, even to the limited extent they are normally allowed.  All that is needed to pass an “urgent Bill” is an endorsement by the Cabinet that the Bill in question is “urgent in the national interest,” and a two-thirds majority in Parliament on the day the vote is taken on the Bill.

With regular legislation (i.e. proposed laws other than Constitutional amendments) the law in question, even if it is passed as an “Urgent Bill” it can be repealed later with just a simple majority in Parliament.  So, for instance, if a law passed as an “Urgent Bill” becomes obnoxious to the people later on, it can be repealed by a simple majority in Parliament, and that’s the end of the matter.

With a Constitutional amendment, if it becomes obnoxious later on, a simple majority in Parliament cannot repeal it.  One has to obtain a two-thirds majority, which is obviously much more difficult.

So, in essence, what using the “Urgent Bill” provision to enact Constitutional Amendments does is, it deprives the citizen of even the limited chance he or she has to challenge the proposed amendment before it becomes law, and makes it more or less impossible to repeal the new amendment were it to become obnoxious later on.  It is a thoroughly dangerous invention, to say the least.

Dharshan has a further technical argument to show that, according to the inherent logic of the Constitution itself, the “Urgent Bills” provision could never have been intended as a means for bringing about Constitutional changes, (but it is best for the reader to read this in the original.)

To return to the present, a President that has promised good governance which became the basis on which people took a decision to vote for change should not be hijacked to satisfy the political careers, agendas and aspirations of a handful of people who command a key component in the alliance.

Is it not bad governance, lack of ethics and complete disregard to the spirit of law to use the Urgent Bill provision to change the constitution and in a hurry before the general elections.

People need to be given time to think over the changes that are proposed. They need to be given the arguments as to what the changes are likely to be and why they are being done and if there are no other alternatives without changing the constitution.

What will remain a concern for the country is that given the national security question the People do not wish the country to have a weak executive handling issues when provinces under ethnic-based parties remain vocal about separatism and autonomy only for their ethnic group. In particular the Northern Province now under the Tamil National Alliance a key party ITAK which is being challenged to prove its constitution is federal and not confederal. If Confederal, despite present claims by the PM that 13th amendment will be given within a UNITARY Sri Lanka, the ITAK & TNA can and will call for a referendum to separate – which is the ultimate gameplan. Therefore the unitary status will be meaningless and this is what the new Government and in particular the President and his advisors need to take stock of.

It doesn’t take much imagination to see that, if a weak executive is imposed, and the minorities start overtly pursuing a separatist agenda soon afterwards, including demanding “referendums” on self-determination, and so on, it will be impossible to take decisive action against such attempts. 

Meanwhile, with the minorities voting as blocs, and the majority vote divided among a number of contending factions in parliament, it might be very difficult to get a two thirds majority to re-impose change the Constitution and re-impose a strong-executive.  The damage, in short, will have been done, and without a single citizen having had a chance to challenge the original amendment that imposed the weak executive!   

So, to repeat, it is dangerous to allow anyone to use the Urgent Bill provision to bring Constitutional changes.  If a new Government wants to introduce Constitutional changes, they should follow the regular process wherein the People who control the sovereignty of the land are able to challenge and question the planned action, at least to the limited extent they are allowed.

With the people looking forward to a new governance culture under President Maithripala Sirisena they should not be disappointed, not to mention irremediably harmed,  by an interim government attempting to make sweeping changes before elections.

 

Shenali D Waduge

In the matter of an application for an order in the nature of a writ of Prohibition under and in terms of Article 140 of the Constitution

January 31st, 2015

IN THE COURT OF APPEAL OF THE DEMOCRATIC SOCIALIST REPUBLIC OF SRI LANKA

In the matter of an application for an order in the nature of a writ of Prohibition under and in terms of Article 140 of the Constitution

Jayantha Liyanage

14/7 Dharmapala Avenue

Pollatthapitiya

Kurunegala                                                                                                                                                                 CaseNo:CA(Writ)57/2015                                                          Petitioner

Vs.

  1. B. Abeykoon

Secretary to the President

Presidential Secretariat

Old Parliament Building,

Colombo

  1. Sumith Abeysinghe

Secretary to the Cabinet

Office of the Cabinet of Ministers

Republic Square

Sir Baron Jayatilake Mw.

Colombo 1

  1. Ranil Wickremesinghe

Prime Minister

Prime Minister’s Office

No. 58 Sir Ernest De Silva Mw.

Colombo 7

  1. Attorney General

Attorney General’s Department

Hulftdorp Street,

Colombo 12

Respondents

TO HIS LORDSHIP THE PRESIDENT AND THEIR LADYSHIPS AND LORDSHIPS THE OTHER HONOURABLE JUDGES OF THE COURT OF APPEAL OF THE DEMOCRATIC SOCIALIST REPUBLIC OF SRI LANKA

On this 26 Day of January 2015,

The Petitioner appearing through his attorney K.M. Niroshi De Alwis states as follows:

  1. The Petitioner is a citizen of Sri Lanka.
  1. The 1st Respondent is the Secretary to the President of Sri Lanka, the President being the head of the Executive Branch of the Government, and head, inter alia, of the Cabinet of Ministers. The 2nd Respondent is the Secretary to the Cabinet of Ministers, the sole body authorized by the Constitution to endorse “Urgent Bills.”
  1. The 3rd Respondent is the Prime Minister, duly appointed under Article 43(3) of the Constitution, as the person who, in the President’s opinion, “is most likely to command the confidence of Parliament.” He is made respondent for the purpose of giving notice of this action.  The 4th Respondent is the Chief Legal Officer of the State and is made Respondent for the purpose of giving notice of this action.
  1. The Petitioner considers that, as a general matter, where he or any other citizen perceives that there is an imminent likelihood that a Statutory Authority, including the Executive Branch of Government, will act in excess of its powers, and such ultra vires act has the potential to do irreparable harm to his interests, along with the interests of the public at large, he has a right and a duty to plead to Your Lordship’s court and request a writ of Prohibition to prevent the commission of such act.
  1. The Petitioner states that, as a result of his perusal of a statement published by the Office of the President titled, “100-day Program”, articles in newspapers describing the plans of the new Government, and also statements made in Parliament by the Prime Minister, he has come to a reasonable conclusion that there is an imminent likelihood the Executive Branch will attempt to enact Constitutional amendments through the “Urgent Bills” provision of the Constitution, and/or, a misuse of Article 84 of the Constitution.
  1. The Petitioner considers that, recourse to the “Urgent Bills” provision, or any misuse of Article 84, will deprive him of the limited opportunity he (and other citizens) have, under the regular procedure for amending the Constitution set out in Article 82, to challenge the proposed changes before the Supreme Court.
  1. The Constitution is the Supreme Law of the Land, and the basis of all the other rights and privileges enjoyed by the Petitioner, as a citizen of this country. Indeed the Constitution is the very basis of the legal existence of all citizens.
  1. The Petitioner considers that any attempt by the executive branch, the legislative branch, or any other statutory body, to change the Constitution without allowing citizens an opportunity to challenge the proposed changes before the Supreme Court, a right explicitly given them under the provisions of Chapter 12 of the Constitution, is an ultra vires act.
  1. Therefore, the Petitioner considers that he has a right and a duty to plead before Your Lordship’s court and request a writ of Prohibition to prevent the imminent commission of that aforesaid act.
  1. The Petitioner’s argument with respect to the above matters consists of three components, as follows:
  1. The Petitioner’s reasonable conclusion that an attempt will be made within the “100-day program” to resort to the “Urgent Bills” provision, or a misuse of Article 84, to bring about Constitutional changes,
  1. The Petitioner’s arguments with respect to why, according to the inherent logic of our Constitution itself, resorting to the “Urgent Bills” provision, or any misuse of Article 84 as aforesaid, to enact Constitutional changes, is illegal.
  1. The Petitioner’s general argument as to why, the right of citizens to challenge proposed Constitutional changes before the Supreme Court, a right allowed them under the provisions of Chapter 12 of the Constitution, cannot, and should not, be by-passed.

The Petitioner will now proceed to explain each of these components in more detail.

  1. First, the Petitioner reached the reasonable conclusion that there is an imminent likelihood of a resort to the “Urgent Bills” provision, or a misuse of Article 84, to bring Constitutional amendments, as a result of his perusal, inter alia, of the following documents:
  1. The “100-day Work Program” put out by the Government contains the following statement:

Wednesday January 21:  The process will begin of abolishing the authoritarian executive presidential system and replacing it with an executive of a Cabinet responsible to Parliament, and of repealing the 18th Amendment to the Constitution with legislation to establish independent institutions, including a Judicial Services Commission, a Police Commission, a Public Service Commission, an Elections Commission, a Commission against Bribery and Corruption, and a Human Rights Commission.  This will be through a 19th Amendment to the Constitution, which will be presented to Parliament and passed as swiftly as possible.”

The Petitioner annexes a copy of the aforesaid “100-day Program” in Sinhalese, obtained from the President’s official website, marked as P1, and submits as part and parcel hereof.  The Petitioner also annexes a copy of the same “100-day program” in English, published in the Daily News of 10 January 2015, marked as P2, and submits as part and parcel hereof.

  1. An article in The Island of 21 January 2015, titled, “Ranil promises constitutional reform to solve “national problem.” That article quotes from the Prime Minister’s statement in Parliament on that day.  In that statement, he says, inter alia,

“We hope to bring about radical pieces of legislation before this Parliament under the 100-day program including a bill to transfer the executive powers of the President to Parliament through the Cabinet of Ministers, the 19th Amendment to the Constitution repealing the provisions of the 18th Amendment and to establish independent commissions, a bill on national drug policy, national auditing act and the right to information act.

The Petitioner annexes a copy of the aforesaid article, marked as P3, and submits as part and parcel hereof

  1. Finally, an article in the Daily Mirror of 17 January 2015, titled, “NEC TO MOVE 19TH AMENDMENT AS URGENT BILL” says the following:

“The National Executive Council (NEC), the all-party body responsible for the execution of the 100-day Programme, decided at its Thursday meeting, to move the 19th Amendment to the Constitution aimed at reforming the presidential system as an urgent bill in the national interest, informed sources said.”

The Petitioner annexes a copy of the aforesaid article, marked as P4, and submits as part and parcel hereof.

  1. The Petitioner interprets the above statements, particularly the Prime Minister’s statement taken in conjunction with the related quote from the “100-day Program,” as follows:
  1. There are only two ways to bring radical pieces of legislation, including a bill to transfer the executive powers of the President to Parliament,” by initiating action through the Cabinet of Ministers: one, by resort to the “Urgent Bills” provision, and two, by a misuse of Article 84, as follows.
  1. The “Urgent Bills” provision, if accepted as a legal means of making Constitutional changes, allows an amendment to be enacted by by-passing the requirements of Articles 78(1) and 121, which allow citizens to challenge proposed legislation at the Bill stage. (Article 78(1) requires that the Bill be placed on the Order Paper of Parliament, and Article 121 allows a citizen one week’s time to challenge the bill before the Supreme Court, and gives the court 3 weeks to issue its ruling.)
  1. The relevant portions of Articles 84(1) and 84(2), meanwhile, are as follows:

“84(1):  A Bill which is not for the amendment of any provision of the Constitution or for the repeal and replacement of the Constitution, but which is inconsistent with any provision of the Constitution may be placed on the Order Paper of Parliament without complying with the requirements of paragraph (1) or paragraph (2) of Article 82

84(2):  Where the Cabinet of Ministers has certified that a Bill is intended to be passed by the special majority required by this Article or where the Supreme Court has determined that a Bill required to be passed by such a special majority, such a Bill shall become law only if the number of votes cast in favour thereof amounts to not less than two-thirds of the whole number of Members (including those not present) and a certificate by the President or the Speaker, as the case may be, is endorsed thereon in accordance with the provisions of Article 80 or 79.”

  1. The Petitioner considers that, it may be possible, through a misuse of Article 84(2) above, to push through a Bill containing provisions that transfer at least some of the executive powers of the President to Parliament, without designating the Bill in question as a Bill intended to amend the Constitution, but certifying it as a Bill requiring a two-thirds majority in Parliament.
  1. In such a scenario, it may be possible to pass the Bill without complying with the provisions of Article 78(1) and thereby deny citizens the chance to challenge the Bill, allowed them under Article 121.
  1. Therefore, given the explicit statements made by the Government that it will bring about radical Constitutional changes within the 100-day program, and that it will do so by action through the Cabinet of Ministers, the Petitioner reiterates that he has reasonable grounds to believe that there is an imminent likelihood of the breach of the provisions of Chapter 12 of the Constitution, the normal procedure set out to bring Constitutional amendments.
  1. The Petitioner will now give his specific arguments regarding why the “Urgent Bills” provision, or a misuse of Article 84, cannot—and should not—be used for purposes of bringing Constitutional amendments.
  1. The Petitioner’s claims with respect to the “Urgent Bills” provision consists of two arguments, one general and the other technical, as follows:
  1. The general argument
  1. First, as a general matter, the Petitioner considers it reasonable to presume that, when a Statute, or a Constitution, sets out a procedure for bringing amendments, the framers of that Statute or Constitution intended that procedure, and none others, to be used for the purpose of bringing amendments.
  1. The Sri Lanka Constitution has a chapter titled, “Amendment of the Constitution” (Chapter 12), comprising of Articles, 82, 83 and 84.
  1. Article 82(6), meanwhile, says,

“No provision in any law shall, or shall be deemed to, amend, repeal or replace the Constitution or any provision thereof, or be so interpreted or construed, unless enacted in accordance with the requirements of the preceding provisions of this Article.”

  1. The “preceding provisions” of Article 82(6) are: 82(1), 82(2), 82(3), 82(4), and 82(5)
  1. Article 83, meanwhile, sets out a special requirement (i.e. a referendum in addition to a 2/3 majority) in order to amend certain specific provisions—for instance, Article, 1,2,3,6,7,8,9,10, and so on.
  1. Article 84 (relevant portions of which are quoted in paragraph 10(c) above) is clearly intended as a mechanism for passing Bills that are not Constitutional amendments, but which are inconsistent with the Constitution.
  1. On account of the matters set out in paragraphs ‘c,’ ‘d,’ ‘e’ and ‘f’ above, it is reasonable to presume that, the framers of the Constitution intended Articles 82 and 83 to cover the subject of Constitutional amendments comprehensively.
  1. Article 122 (the “Urgent Bills” provision) obviously cannot be considered a “preceding provision” of Article 82(6).
  1. Therefore, prima facie, the framers could not have intended Article 122 to be used for purposes of bringing Constitutional amendments.
  1. The technical argument
  1. a) First, the portions of Articles 122 and 123, relevant for the Petitioner’s argument, are as follows:

“122(1):  In the case of a Bill which is, in the view of the Cabinet of Ministers, urgent in the national interest, and bears an endorsement to that effect under the hand of the Secretary to the Cabinet-

  • The provisions of Articles 78(1) and of Article 121, shall, subject to the provisions of paragraph (2) of this Article, have no application;
  • The President shall by a written reference addressed to the Chief Justice, require the special determination of the Supreme Court as to whether the Bill or any provision thereof is inconsistent with the Constitution. A copy of the reference shall at the same time be delivered to the Speaker;
  • The Supreme Court shall make its determination within twenty-four hours (or such longer period not exceeding three days as the President may specify) of the assembling of the Court, and shall communicate its determination only to the President and the Speaker

123(1):  The determination of the Supreme Court shall be accompanied by the reasons therefore, and shall state whether the Bill or any provision thereof is inconsistent with the Constitution, and if so, which provisions of the Constitution.

123(2):  Where the Supreme Court determines that the Bill or any provision thereof is inconsistent with the Constitution, it shall also state-

(a)  whether such Bill is required to comply with the provisions of paragraphs (1) and (2) of Article 82; or

(b)  whether such Bill or any provision thereof may only be passed by the special majority required under the provisions of paragraph (2) of Article 84; or

(c)  whether such Bill or any provision thereof requires to be passed by the special majority required under the provisions of paragraph (2) of Article 84 and approved by the People at a Referendum by virtue of the provisions of Article 83, and may specify the nature of the amendments which would make the Bill or such provision cease to be inconsistent

  1. b) A Bill to amend the Constitution is fundamentally different from all other Bills, because the former is explicitly identified in its long title as a Bill to amend the Constitution.
  1. c) The above means that, if a Constitutional amendment is submitted as an “Urgent Bill” and the Supreme Court is asked to evaluate whether it is inconsistent with the Constitution, the Court must evaluate whether the proposed amendment is inconsistent with the Constitution when the latter contains the provision the new amendment is intended to repeal.
  1. d) The Supreme Court cannot conduct its evaluation by presuming that the provision intended to be repealed or replaced does not exist, or has already been repealed.  The Constitution is the Supreme Law of the Land, and not a comma in such a document can be removed or altered except by proper and prescribed procedures.
  1. e) In the circumstances, the Court will have no choice but to conclude that the amendment is inconsistent with the Constitution.  Furthermore, the inconsistency is incurable, as long as the provision to be repealed or replaced remains in the Constitution when the evaluation as to inconsistency with the new amendment is carried out, and that situation, as explained in paragraph ‘c’ above, does not change
  1. f) Therefore, with respect to the options for recommendations available under Article 123(1), the only option available to the Court is the one set out in sub-paragraph ‘a’, i.e. to state “whether such Bill is required to comply with the provisions of paragraph (1) and (2) of Article 82.
  1. g) In the case of a Constitutional amendment which is designated as such, but submitted as an “Urgent Bill,” the only option for the Court is to return it back to Article 80(1) and trigger the normal procedure for bringing about Constitutional changes.
  1. Sub-paragraphs ‘b’ and ‘c’, and the addendum to Article 123(1) give the Court options with respect to Bills that are not designated as Constitutional amendments. In those instances, the Court can recommend that the Bill be passed by a 2/3 majority, a 2/3 majority plus a referendum, or suggest the necessary amendments that will make the Bill cease to be inconsistent with the Constitution.
  1. i) Since the long title of a Constitutional amendment submitted as an “Urgent Bill” will say it is an “Act to Amend the Constitution,” the options set out in sub-paragraphs ‘b,’ and ‘c’ of Article 123(1) are not available. Furthermore, as explained in paragraphs ‘c’ and ‘e’ above, since the inconsistency between a proposed amendment and the Constitution as it exists at any given point in time is incurable as long as the provision to be amended is a part of the Constitution, the option suggested in the addendum to Article 123(1) is also not available.
  1. j)   Thus, even if a Constitutional amendment is submitted as an “Urgent Bill,” by the operation of sub-paragraph ‘a’ of Article 123(1), it has to be referred back to Article 80(1), which means the Amendment in question has to be placed on the Order Paper of Parliament, and once it is placed on the Order Paper, it is impossible to pass the Bill without allowing the requisite time for citizens to challenge the Bill before the Supreme Court.
  1. k) Hence, the “Urgent Bills” provision cannot be used to bring about Constitutional changes.
  1. The Petitioner will now turn to his argument regarding Article 84, since it is his view that an attempt might be made to bring Constitutional changes through a misuse of this Article also.
  1. The Petitioner will repeat the portions of Article 84 relevant to his argument:

“84(1):  A Bill which is not for the amendment of any provision of the Constitution or for the repeal and replacement of the Constitution, but which is inconsistent with any provision of the Constitution may be placed on the Order Paper of Parliament without complying with the requirements of paragraph (1) or paragraph (2) of Article 82.

84(2):  Where the Cabinet of Ministers has certified that a Bill is intended to be passed by the special majority required by this Article or where the Supreme Court has determined that a Bill required to be passed by such a special majority, such a Bill shall become law only if the number of votes cast in favour thereof amounts to not less than two-thirds of the whole number of Members (including those not present) and a certificate by the President or the Speaker, as the case may be, is endorsed thereon in accordance with the provisions of Article 80 or 79.”

  1. b) The Petitioner considers that:
  1. i) Article 84(1) says explicitly that a Bill (which is not a Constitutional amendment) but which is inconsistent with the Constitution “may be placed on the Order Paper of Parliament without complying with the requirements of paragraph (1) or paragraph (2) of Article 82.” This means 84(1) envisions that the Bill in question, even though it may by-pass 82(1) and 82(2), will still be placed on the Order Paper of Parliament.
  1. ii) If a Bill is placed on the Order Paper of Parliament, Article 121 allows a citizen to challenge it before the Supreme Court.

iii)  Therefore, it cannot be that Article 84(1) contemplates a situation where a Bill inconsistent with the Constitution is ever submitted for a vote without it being first placed in the Order Paper of Parliament, and hence, without a citizen ever having an opportunity to challenge it before the Supreme Court.

  1. iv) Second, there is a fundamental difference between the Cabinet of Ministers “certifying” that a particular Bill is intended to be passed by a special majority, and the Supreme Court “determining” the same thing.
  1. v) The Supreme Court is vested with exclusive jurisdiction to determine all questions relating to the Constitution (Article 118(a)). It is reasonable to presume that when the Supreme Court determines that a particular Bill requires a 2/3 majority, it has looked into the substance of the issues involved, and excluded, for example, the possibility that the Bill might also require approval at a referendum.  And, in any event, the Supreme Court’s determination, once made, cannot be challenged.
  1. vi) The Cabinet of Ministers, on the other hand, when it “certifies” that a particular Bill requires a 2/3 majority, cannot be presumed to have assessed the Constitutional issues involved in the same manner as the Supreme Court, and in any event the Cabinet is not authorized to make any such final assessment.

vii) The Supreme Court, therefore, continues to have the authority to review the Cabinet’s “certification,” and determine whether, in addition to the 2/3 majority, the Bill in question also requires approval at a referendum.

viii)   Therefore, prima facie, even if the Cabinet “certifies” that a Bill requires a 2/3 majority, it does not deprive a citizen of his or her right to challenge the Bill before the Supreme Court, to see whether it requires a referendum in addition to the 2/3 majority.

  1. ix) On account of the matters discussed in sub-paragraphs i-viii above, the Petitioner considers that Articles 84(1) and 84(2) cannot be construed as allowing the Cabinet to pass a Bill inconsistent with the Constitution, by compelling Parliament to by-pass the normal procedure of publishing the Bill in the Gazette, the Order Paper of Parliament, and so on, thus allowing citizens a chance to challenge the Bill at the Supreme Court.
  1. The final component of the Petitioner’s argument consists of his general reasons for why the normal process of enacting Constitutional amendments set out in Chapter 12 (and consisting of Articles 82, 83, and 84) must be rigidly adhered to, and not deviated from any way, when bringing Constitutional amendments.
  1. Article 3 of the Constitution reposes sovereignty in the People, and says that Sovereignty consists of the powers of government, fundamental rights and the Franchise.
  1. Article 4 of the Constitution explains how each of the aforesaid elements is to be exercised.
  1. In Re: Nineteenth Amendment to the Constitution (2002) 3SLR 85, Article 4 was interpreted as follows.

“The powers of government are separated, as in most Constitutions, but unique to our Constitution is the elaboration in Article 4(a), (b), and (c) which specifies that each organ of government shall exercise the power of the People attributed to that organ.  To make this point clearer, it should be noted that subparagraphs (a), (b) and (c) not only state that the legislative power is exercised by Parliament, executive power is exercised by the President, and judicial power by Parliament through courts, but also specifically state in each subparagraph that the legislative power “of the People” shall be exercised by Parliament, the executive power “of the People” shall be exercised by the President, and the judicial power “of the People” shall be exercised by Parliament through courts.  This specific reference to the power of the People in each subparagraph which relates to the three organs of government demonstrates that the power remains and continues to be reposed in the People who are sovereign, and its exercise by the particular organ of government being its custodian for the time being, is for the People.”

  1. The Petitioner reiterates that the key point in the above interpretation is that the powers of government may be exercised at different times by different representatives, but those powers remain at all times with the People, and the representatives exercise the powers in question only in trust for the People.
  1. In such an arrangement, a change to any provision of the Constitution is a change to a right or privilege held by the People, and not by their representatives, in the latter’s capacity as representatives.
  1. The Petitioner considers it a self-evident truth that a person cannot give away that which he or she does not own.
  1. Therefore, it follows that, when any Constitutional change is contemplated, the People must be given even a limited opportunity to voice their concerns (if any) and to challenge the proposed changes, if they so wish.
  1. Chapter 12 of the Constitution sets out a comprehensive mechanism for citizens to challenge proposed Constitutional changes either at the Bill stage, or, with respect to certain specific provisions, at a referendum.
  1. It must necessarily follow, therefore, that any mechanism that allows the executive branch, or for that matter the legislative, to bring Constitutional changes by obviating even the limited opportunities set out in Chapter 2 for individual citizens to participate in the process of Constitutional change, is ultra vires, illegal, and wrong, not to mention contrary to common-sense, reason, and the interests of justice.
  1. On account of the matters pleaded herein before, the Petitioner considers that as a citizen he has an inherent right and a bounden duty to seek solace of Your Lordship’s court, and request a writ of prohibition to prevent the commission of the aforesaid act, and imminent breach of the Constitution.
  1. The Petitioner also respectfully points out that once a Constitutional change is made, by operation of Articles 80(3) and/or Article 124, he (or any other citizen) will never be able to challenge the validity of the change before the Supreme Court, or any other judicial forum, “on any ground whatsoever.” The Petitioner considers that all the more reason for him to challenge the proposed change in this instance, before it is made.
  1. It may be argued that the 18th Amendment to the Constitution was enacted by using the “Urgent Bills” provision, that the Supreme Court did not see anything wrong with using that provision on that occasion, so, there is precedence for the same provision to be used for the same purpose on this occasion.
  1. The Petitioner replies that, the arguments presented in this Petition to oppose the use of the “Urgent Bills” provision to bring Constitutional amendments, were never placed before the Supreme Court on that previous occasion. Other arguments were placed before the court, and the court in its wisdom rejected those arguments. It is a well-accepted legal maxim that:

Nihil debet forum ex scena (The Court has nothing to do with what is not before it)

  1. The Petitioner therefore considers that, if the Court’s ruling on the 18th Amendment is a precedent for anything, it is only a precedent as a rebuttal to the arguments for why the 18th Amendment ought not to be brought through the “Urgent Bills” provision, presented before the court on that previous occasion, and has no bearing on the arguments presented in this Petition.
  1. Therefore, the Petitioner reiterates that he has a right and a duty to request Your Lordship’s court for a writ of Prohibition to prevent an imminent ultra vires act, that would do irreparable harm to his interests, as well as the interests of other citizens of Sri Lanka.
  1. The Petitioner states that he has not previously invoked the jurisdiction of Your Lordship’s Court in respect of the subject matter of this application.
  1. An affidavit of the Petitioner is appended hereto in support of the averments contained herein.

Wherefore, the Petitioner pleads that Your Lordship’s Court be pleased to:

  1. Issue Notice on the Respondents
  1. Grant a mandate in the nature of a Writ of Prohibition preventing the 2nd Respondent from endorsing a Constitutional Amendment as an “Urgent Bill”, if such Bill is submitted to him for such endorsement under the provisions of Article 122(1) of the Constitution.
  1. Grant a mandate in the nature of a Writ of Prohibition preventing the 2nd Respondent from endorsing any Bill submitted to him under Article 84 of the Constitution, for endorsement as a Bill requiring a special majority, if that Bill has the effect of amending or repealing or in any other way changing any provision or part of a provision of the Constitution.
  1. Grant an interim order, preventing the 2nd Respondent from endorsing a Constitutional Amendment as an “Urgent Bill”, if such Bill is submitted to him for such endorsement under the provisions of Article 122(1) of the Constitution.
  1. Grant an interim order, preventing the 2nd Respondent from endorsing any Bill submitted to him under Article 84 of the Constitution, for endorsement as a Bill requiring a special majority, if that Bill has the effect of amending or repealing or in any other way changing any provision or part of a provision of the Constitution.
  1. Grant Costs, and
  1. Grant such other and further relief as Your Lordship’s Court may deem fit.

 

________________________________

Attorney-at-Law for the Petitioner

At Sri Lanka’s independence: How ‘Independent’ are former Colonies  

January 31st, 2015

Shenali D Waduge

As we approach what we are told is to be our ‘independence’ day it is good to ponder exactly how independent we are and what we connote to mean as being an independent nation. Are we to celebrate the symbolism of being called a ‘sovereign’ nation or do we feel and act as one? More importantly to feel independent we must know from what we became independent from. Essentially the cruelty that our people suffered under the tyrannical rule of the 3 colonial invaders has never been given due publicity by even post-independent leaders. None have so far wished to reverse the discriminations suffered by the majority race and none of the leaders have sought to return all that was confiscated when power was ceded. This questions, how many are truly aware of the history of the nation before colonial conquest and how many are proud of the heritage and heroes of pre-colonial Sri Lanka? It is only in feeling a sense of belonging, a sense of pride in one’s nation that inspires us to want to protect the nation from foes (local or foreign). How many of us truly feel the nation is ours to truly protect and defend?

Humans evolved from apelike status approximately 6million years ago in Africa. People are said to have walked on two legs over 4million years ago. Fossils found are evidence. Early humans first migrated out of Africa into Asia probably between 2 million and 1.8 million years ago. The beginnings of agriculture and the rise of the first civilizations occurred within the past 12,000 years.

Church & State acted hand in hand

Once upon a time nations were independent in the true sense of the word. What needs to be clearly established is that countries prevailed, people lived in them and nations existed (though not in name) far before the Church and Colonial crusaders were ordered to declare them ‘Discovered’ and ‘Christianize’ them into submission.

These inhabited countries followed their own customs, traditions, laws, and cultures and had their own systems of governance. They lived off what they grew and there were no chants of ‘rights’ ‘freedoms’ etc. Life was simple and uncomplicated. All that changed when the Catholic Church inaugurated a major effort to spread its faith. The Papal edicts issued by the Roman Catholic Church changed the lives of millions of indigenous natives and their lands. Territories and boundaries were redrawn separating families from each other. Tribes were divided new nations were created with the West Christening them under names convenient to them.

The edict issued by Pope Urban II in 1095 “Terra Nullius’ ordered Kings and Queens of Europe to ‘discover’ or claim non-Christian lands. The edict issued in 1452 “Dum Diversas’ declared war against non-Christians, authorizing conquests of their nations and territories, non-Christians were declared uncivilized and to be treated as subhuman without rights to land or nation (despite living in them for centuries before arrival of the European invaders). The 1455 “Romanus Pontifex’ edict and the 1493 ‘Inter Caetera’ decree were orders by the Pope to convert natives of non-Christian lands to Catholicism in order to strengthen the ‘Christian Empire’. Manifest Destiny introduced by John L ‘O Sullivan in 1845 was nothing other than another name for Doctrine of Discovery to defend US expansionism. All expansionism was tied to and remains tied to the continuance on the Church notion that whites held natural rights to expand their domination on the pretext of spreading ‘freedom and democracy’.

Thus, there was no ‘Discovery’ of America by Columbus for there are documented instances of Black Egyptians led by King Ramses III in 1292BC sailing and settling in the Americas. In 445BC, Greek historian Herodotus had written of the Ancient Egyptian pharaohs great seafaring and navigational skills. American historian and linguist, Leo Weiner of Harvard University quotes from Columbus himself “black skinned people had come from the south-east in boats, trading in gold-tipped spears.” Thus not only did people live in the Americas, seafaring from Africa to the Americas took place long before the Europeans took sail. Some western historians are refusing to accept this claiming that seafaring was a European monopoly. This history needs to be corrected. Highlighting the false ‘discovery’ of Americas by Columbus further is the civilization of the Olmecs (African) of 1200 BC, a civilization that prevailed far before Incas, Aztecs and the Maya. Ancient African historian Professor Van Sertima has illustrated how Olmecs were the first Mesoamerican civilization to use a written language, sophisticated astronomy, arts and mathematics and they built the first cities in Mexico, all of which greatly influenced the Mayans and subsequent civilizations in the Americas. This again questions the ‘inventor’ rights given to Europeans when possibly these were all invented by non-Europeans far before they ‘discovered’ these nations and it was Africa that ‘civilized’ the America’s far before the Europeans claimed credit for it. Not many Western text books will acknowledge that even inventions and discoveries were already invented though the White Europeans have taken credit for them.

Not many text books or Western history will cover the crimes committed by either the Church or the colonial invaders. Crimes in the name of the Church for disbelievers of Christianity run into millions. The Crusades killed over 1million, the Inquisition led again to millions cruelly put to death, another million were killed accused of witch-hunting, Rudolph J. Rummel estimates that 14 million native North and South Americans were killed by Europeans. He also estimates 17m Africans to have been killed. The Church refused to excommunicate Catholics involved in the Holocaust and the Church did the same in Rwanda in 1994 (90% of Rwandans were Christians). Colonial crimes throughout 500 years of tyrannical rule remains unapologized or compensated.

‘Scramble for Africa’ (1880-1900) was the nomenclature used for the manner Europeans scrambled to divide Africa among themselves and steal its wealth and resources.  The Berlin Conference 14 foreign ministers of European nations and the US divided Africa among themselves without so much as inviting the Africans to voice their views. The French dominated most of West Africa, and the British East and Southern Africa. The Belgians acquired the vast territory that became The Congo. The Germans held four colonies, one in each of the realm’s regions. The Portuguese held a small colony in West Africa and two large ones in Southern Africa. That was how democracy was practiced and continues to be. To exploit Congo it is estimated that 10million people were killed. The British adopted a different strategy of discovering how to get locals to act as their agents and do the dirty work of the British. It worked to perfection. There were enough of locals waiting to be servants of the British in exchange for being ‘favored’ above the rest of their own. Over time such people became known as Pukka Sahibs or Kalu Suddas and there are plenty among us still.

The white West thought fit to divide the world into 2 between Spain and Portugal after signing the Treaty of Tordesillas on 7 June 1494. Conquests became ‘discovery’ taking a religious character in the manner that all nations that were not Christian were to be declared as ‘discovered’ and turned into Christian nations. These were direct orders from the Vatican and proved through numerous decrees issued via Papal Bulls that have not been repealed to this date. The moment these truths are brought into the open these facts become automatically shut down by calls of racism and attempts to upset peaceful coexistence. All the while what is happening is that whitecrimes are being shielded and swept under the carpet. Africans have been more vocal but Asians continue to suffer from a weakness to function as slave to the White master as in colonial times.

Thus whether it was Columbus to America or Vasco da Gama’s first East India voyage a decade after 1492 the name of the game was to take over all that belonged to the natives. Thus, the Portuguese, Spanish, Belgians, Dutch, British, French and Germans began a cultural ‘superiority’ presuming themselves to be ‘civilized’ and projected themselves as ‘civilizing the uncivilized’ world that they had found. Civilizing the natives meant stealing all the wealth they could get their hands on. The development done in return was not to provide any relief to the natives but to facilitate the transportation of what they were stealing and for their own comforts while they ‘roughed’ it out trying to civilize uncivilized people. Enough of colonial notes by various Governors and others provide evidence to the ghastly impression that the White rulers had for the people they were ruling over with iron fist. Accounts of killing elephants for sports and watching natives being hung while having breakfast shows the mentality with which these colonials functioned.

Millions of deaths have been caused by both Christian and Islamic rulers who have confiscated lands that did not belong to them. None of these have been held accountable as ‘victors justice’ prevail and international laws are written by them.

Let us also add that it was not only Western Christian imperialism but Islamic expansionism too saw much bloodshed. The sword was enough to convert all non-Islamic nations into followers of Islam and entire continents were declared Islam. The Christian and Islamic expansionist agenda using religion has not abated and both are on track to compete with each other for world domination by numbers while non-Abrahamic religions of Hinduism and Buddhism are bearing the brunt of their agendas. Both have found solace in using ‘gunboat diplomacy’, manipulation of free trade agreements and other means to entice nations to succumb to their agendas. In reality we need to realistically question how free nations really are.

“Europeanization’ of the world has meant a plethora of ideologies thrown to divide people further and provide opportunity to manipulate systems through divisions facilitated by the fact that global economy, banking systems, control of religions, manufacture of arms, intelligence and spying techniques, global supply chain and a host of other key components lie in the hands and control of the same people who decide what to give, when to give, when to hoard, when to be liberal and when to deny as they see fit.

http://archives.dailynews.lk/2013/06/26/fea01.asp International law is Eurocentric and Colonial – TIME TO CHANGE

Modern international law traces its roots to 1648 Peace of Westphalia Treaty meant to grant freedom to nations that were originally free but came to be acquired by European powers. International law comprises doctrines and principles developed in Europe and tilts to European history ignoring all laws and cultures that existed before European colonial expansion. Laws were meant to promote Christian faith by civilized nations (European West) now developed after stealing the wealth of the developing ‘uncivilized’ nations. Their racist, biased and discrimination that became the rule of law has been deviously channelled to accuse the victim nations. As we can see the concepts of military intervention, humanitarian intervention and R2P are today applicable only to West’s enemies. The IMF, World Bank are all under control of these Western nations and they ensure that the developing nations of South America, Africa, Asia remain in eternal debt and eternal strife for which they have found multiple means to trigger conflict made possible by following the British strategy of galvanizing local stooges to align to their agenda. Of course even stooges end up enemies as Saddam, Gaddafi and Osama bin Laden found out too late. Whereas nationalist leaders like Aung San of Myanmar and Patrice Lumumba of Congo were put to eternal rest before their nationalism posed a problem to the colonial rulers. Similarly, even those within their own systems who function out of line are also dealt with as UN Secretary General Dag Hammerskjold whose untimely death screams ‘murder’ most foul.

Even the concept of Westphalia and sovereign nation systems are being challenged by introducing further complicated ideologies like self-determination, homeland myths as a means of continuing the desire to put people against each other and benefiting from the outcome.

What we can see if we accept reality is that only non-Europeans/Americans are objects of international law and ‘treaties’ are nothing but sham pieces of paper that suit western hegemony.

Yet, the dynamics is that the First World though functioning as virtual bully and dictator cannot function without the Third World.

Unfortunately, the Third World instead of helping their own have seen fit to cut themselves a disastrous path of putting down their own in order to curry favour with the West.

 Whither Sri Lanka’s future

Colonial, imperial rule and mass conversions using Christian missionaries became the norm. Joseph Vaz was one such Christian missionary arriving as a spy to convert masses by force and was rewarded with sainthood – a key step in an effort to harvest souls in Asia. Missionary schools were set up with the projection of inculcating Western discipline, Western Christian culture, attitudes and liberal secular thinking as a long term effort meant to denationalize locals and gradually move their thinking away from nurturing nationalist sentiment that would form a defense against neo-colonial adventures. This was a cultural revolution that was initiated during colonial era which has continued unabated with only a handful of Western-educated natives realizing the gameplan and preferring to put their efforts to protecting the history and heritage of nations that have continued to be flogged ever since Western rulers set foot on non-Christian nations. Yet, education, communication channels (electronic and print), industry and legal structures as well as the dynamics of global politics continues to entice the leaders of the developing world and their cohorts towards continuing to function as agents of the West in no different a manner to how the locals served their colonial masters.

Thus we come to view the 67th independence of Sri Lanka by asking the question how independent is Sri Lanka and from what have we become independent? We can call to mind that it has been the behaviour of our own that have betrayed the nation. There are plenty of Don Juan Dharmapala’s amongst us and leaders intoxicated with power as was Sri Vickrama Rajasinghe a trait suffered by many post-independent rulers. Leader and other kalu suddas with their accent and pretentious western attitude and copy cat western behaviour have been a curse to any nation striving to call itself ‘independent’. What nation can be called independent if it prefers to eternally go running to the West for advice, for templates, plans and methodologies in how to run a nation and helps the West to oust leaders following nationalist agendas. The West and in particular the British have found plenty of ways to divide post-colonial nations – dividing them by ethnicity, by tribes, by political parties, by pitting castes against each other etc and a lot of funds are disbursed to keep these dissent alive. After a honeymoon with their chosen local agents the West will find some way to go against these locals as the new Government are beginning to realize within days of taking over!

If we are truly to believe we are an independent nation, the school curriculum must adjust its history books to show the true story of the manner our people suffered, the agendas that prevail still and our own shortcomings by virtue of the weak stands that have been taken because our own people have chosen to betray the nation for their own selfish ends.

As we approach independence day on 4th February, again we must ask ourselves are we really an independent nation, why are we not and how do we truly become one. It is not a task left to only the ruler and his cabinet but one in which every single citizen requires to play a role in. The first step is to start to appreciate what is ours and not what is foreign to us, the next step is to realize which part of our history is our real history – it is not the history that we are taught to believe started after the colonial conquest and thereafter it is left to us to preserve, protect and foster the history, heritage and culture that existed before it was cruelly snatched and destroyed by those that continue their expansionist agenda which is camouflaged by their media pretending to be democratic and righteous. We must be intelligent enough to not copy what was forcibly and cruelly imposed on us but have the courage to fight for to reverse and preserve whatever is left that is being attempted to be taken away again.

The independence of our nation will come only when we take pride in our pre-colonial history and begin to dictate our destiny and not when it is allowed to be remote controlled from offshore bases.

Shenali D Waduge

Dalada Maligawa road: There’s more than meets the eye

January 31st, 2015

By Rohana R. Wasala

Courtesy The Island

In his opinion piece in The Island (24-01-2015) Professor O.I. Illeperuma urges the authorities to re-open the Maligawa road immediately. I, for one, share  Professor Illeperuma’s great concern with the problem of air pollution in Kandy that has led to an increasing incidence of respiratory diseases particularly among school children attending schools in the vicinity. To show how sharply the air pollution levels in Kandy dropped when this road was re-opened for traffic in 2002 after it had been closed since the 1998 January bombing of the shrine, he writes:

“When Hon. Ranil Wickremesinghe opened this road to traffic in 2002, there was a drastic drop in the air pollution levels. The particle concentration dropped by nearly 70% and the sulphur dioxide levels, too, dropped by about 50% after the roads were reopened.”

Here it is not clear whether the drop was exclusively due to the opening of the Maligawa road or whether  it was the result of all previously closed roads including this one being re-opened. Anyway, no problem. Point taken. Professor Illeperuma also writes:

“Again, the former president was not in favour of this move since he did not understand the seriousness of this issue and considered only the pilgrims who visit the temple of tooth.”

The professor is saying that former president Mr Mahinda Rajapaksa was not in favour of re-opening the Maligawa road because he did not understand the seriousness of the problem of vehicular air pollution in Kandy, but cared only about “the pilgrims who visit the temple of tooth”. (The lack of respect for the special person and the sacred place mentioned – both objects of open and veiled attacks respectively outside this context, too – reveals the writer’s prejudice, which detracts from the sincerity of his appeal.)

To dismiss Mr Rajapaksa’s support for a permanent closure of the road in question (which is a fait accompli now) as due to his ignorance of the gravity of the air pollution problem, is, I’m afraid, not correct. A ruler is duty- bound to be sensitive to different aspects of a problem, not one,  and is responsible to all the people of the country for his decisions and actions; a scientist’s obligations are different. A scientist can play only an advisory role here. As to the acquiescence of  Ven. Malwatte Mahanayake Thera about its re-opening, that is his opinion. Ven. Asgiriya Mahanayake Thera is the other custodian monk of the Temple of the Sacred Tooth Relic and shares equal responsibility for its service maintenance and physical protection as a place of worship of all Buddhists the world over. He does not want the old road that used to be there re-opened. Let them decide this between them. But they cannot ignore the opinion of other stakeholders, including the lay custodian, the Diyawadane Nilame, and the provincial and central government authorities.

Opinion on this matter is divided; but opinion about the urgent need to significantly relieve, if not totally eliminate, the longstanding air pollution problem in Kandy is not divided; there is 100% unanimity of opinion about that both among those who clamour for re-opening/reconstructing the old road stretch near the door step of the Maligawa and among those who oppose it. How to ‘re-open’ a non-existent road is also a problem. So the authorities must  patiently find another option that satisfies both sides. It is not wise to allow personal prejudice (based on political, religious, academic or social grounds) to obfuscate a sensitive issue.

But I am not saying that Professor Illeperuma is intentionally asking the new administration to do something unpardonably rash in “strike while the iron is hot” fashion. My usual impression of him is as a gentle human being devoted to his professional work as a scientist/ a university chemistry professor. He is right to express his personal opinions and preferences to which he is perfectly entitled; he may do so even when he wants to dispense his expertise for the benefit of the country/fellow humans; but he must the decision-makers to make their choice of method in answering his concerns. He is probably unaware that the Maligawa road controversy could provide an opportunity for certain mischievous elements with anti-Buddhist axes to grind to come to the scene.

There is more than meets the eye here. Not all those who feel sincerely concerned about both sides of the issue (the vital problem of public health and the protection of a cultural monument) may be mindful of this. There is a need to pay special attention to the preservation of the country’s Buddhist and other cultural and historical monuments. Before writing this, I just dipped into the Wikipedia to check what it says about the Maligawa, and found this amidst pieces of authentic information: “The temple sustained  damage from bombings at various times but was fully restored each time.” Bombings? But it doesn’t say bombed by whom or when. As far as I know, the Maligawa was bombed only once, and that was on 25 January 1998 causing the destruction of the lives of some sixteen or so early morning devotees that happened to be there at the time, and of the façade of the edifice including some valuable sacred artifacts  inside. Whoever entered that bit of (mis)information must have done so out of ignorance; and there is no need to feel paranoid about this. We need not worry too much about the Wikipedia being abused through concocted information by individuals either for or against Sri Lanka for their own purposes. Anyone interested can edit these entries, and tell the world the truth. The Wikipedia is an invaluable resource available free for all including young intellectuals (with a knowledge of English and a grasp of the country’s history, but unlike certain colonial clones of an earlier age) who want to brighten the image of our nation in every sphere by volunteering as editors.

The importance of the Dalada Maligawa as a cultural and historical relic to the Sinhalese Buddhists and to all other fair minded Sri Lankans as well need not be reiterated. It was originally a royal palace complex, where the Tooth Relic was enshrined, close to the residence of the king, because the custodianship of the relic was then considered a prerequisite for claiming sovereignty over the country. It has been declared a UNESCO cultural heritage site, suggesting that it is recognized as part of the cultural heritage of all civilized humanity. I wrote about this nearly five years ago (‘Why the Maligawa road should not be reopened’, The Island, 23 July 2010). The Maligawa was built around the end of the 16th century under the auspices of King Vimaladharmasuriya (Konappu Bandara, a Sinhalese prince, brought up as a Catholic, and trained as a soldier by the Portuguese, the first European invaders of the island, among whom he found refuge having fled from a troubled Kandy due to internecine strife among the nobles there; he later returned, re-embraced his native Buddhism, and established himself as king, frustrating the attempts of his Portuguese mentors to subjugate the kingdom). So, it is more than five hundred years old and is also historically important as an early symbol of resistance to European political and cultural invasion. What used to be called the Maligawa road until recently was made during the British occupation. It comes in verbal tradition that a track was built round the lake for British soldiers to ride their horses in defiance of the normal custom that even the king never rode on horse back near the Shrine of the Tooth Relic before. The Kandy-Tennekumbura road running adjacent to the Maligawa was probably an extension of the same track away from the lake. If the British built a big Christian church where the Tooth Relic Temple stands now, would they have desecrated it by constructing a thoroughfare passing near its gate without looking for alternative routes to circumvent it? The imperial policy was to kill off the local culture, to kill off the native language, to kill off the independent spirit of the people they were exploiting, all of which they did with a fair measure of success. The Dalada Maligawa was a prime target to desecrate. The occupying power could thus humiliate the people to whom it was the foremost place of worship. During the 1818 Rebellion the British made a special effort to recover the hidden Tooth Relic. It was only when the ordinary people were convinced of the fact that the British were in possession of the Sacred Tooth Relic that they resignedly accepted British rule.

The road was not made for the Maligawa, Professor Illeperuma says. Yes, that’s true, for it was built against it. But there are two questions that we must find answers to: Is the closure of the Maligawa portion of the Dalada Vidiya  the only factor responsible for increasing air pollution? Isn’t there an alternative to re-opening it as a solution?

First, let me take up the second question: Isn’t there an alternative…? Yes, there is. I myself pointed this out about sixteen years ago (as something that had been proposed even before that during President Premadasa’s time) in an article entitled “The Kandy Lake and Its Future” (The Island, 26 November 1999): build a bridge across the lake at its narrowest point (which is close to where the Central Province Provincial Council Office Complex is/was? for this may have been shifted to Kundasale already?). Six months later, The Island (13 June 2000) reported that the then Ministry of Transport and Highways was considering a proposal to build a bridge across the lake. But, it was abandoned, apparently on the pretext that such a structure would be an eyesore, that it would harm the scenic beauty of the spot that the lake enhances. This is not an acceptable reason for not going for that easy solution. The sensible leaders of the new government must revive this proposal and carry it out as soon as possible, after examining due environmental and feasibility reports and getting the approval of the Maligawa authorities and others concerned. We have our own qualified young engineers who can do it without harming the beauty of the place, but instead adding to its beauty.

Let us prioritize the three demands involved here in this way: As a healthy life, especially for our children, is more important than anything else, let us give precedence to the need for relieving the air pollution problem; the second is the case of preserving the sanctity of the Maligawa; the least is the aesthetic aspect. A bridge will meet all three demands. Dr Lakshman Ranasinghe, in his very sensible response (The Island, 27 January 2015) to Professor Illeperuma’s opinion piece, proposes the construction of  a metal tunnel from the Trincomalee Street (i.e., D.S. Senanayake Street) to the Ampitiya turnoff. I appeal to the authorities as urgently as I do above regarding the bridge proposal to consider Dr Ranasinghe’s idea also and any other novel proposals offered by others, and make a final decision.

Now, to answer the first question, i.e., Is the closure of the Maligawa portion of  the Dalada Vidiya  the only factor responsible for increasing air pollution?: The answer is a clear ‘No’. Traffic congestion has other causes. The streets of Kandy are cramped for most of the day with vehicles and pedestrians. The general indiscipline of both drivers and pedestrians adds to the problem. Under an efficient, no-nonsense young DIG, some time ago, (I don’t know what the situation is today) Kandy was almost free from traffic congestion; both drivers and pedestrians were made to behave. Then there is unauthorized pavement hawking in addition to unauthorized structures obstructing pedestrian and vehicle movement. In Kandy’s narrow streets some businessmen park their vehicles at their shop-fronts; they don’t use the excellent car park built at enormous cost, because they are averse to walking the short distance from their shops to the car park. President Premadasa had the William Gopallawa Mawatha built between Kandy and Gatembe, even ignoring expert opinion against it, as a matter of urgency to ease the perennial traffic congestion on the old Kandy-Peradeniya road which is at a slightly higher elevation.  When these two roads were made one-way streets, they became safer and faster, and the traffic congestion disappeared. Only for a short time. Businesspeople didn’t like it. The authorities buckled under pressure, instead of answering their concerns by constructing a couple more link roads between the two roads which are only a few metres apart. Those who are agitating for the reopening/rather the reconstruction of the ‘Maligawa road’ are probably unwittingly serving the interests of the business folk who are being now inconvenienced, instead of helping to find a less controversial solution. A new bridge has been built over the Mahaweli at Katugastota to remove the usual traffic bottleneck that existed there for long decades previously. Different governments have done a great deal to solve this problem; but yet the problem remains. In addition to making roads and bridges wherever possible, imaginative, peaceful ways of tackling environmental pollution (including sound pollution which is a similarly sensitive issue in Kandy) must be found.

Buddhist Jātaka Stories and Positive Mental Health

January 31st, 2015

Dr Ruwan M Jayatunge 

Provencher and Keyes (2011) define positive mental health as feeling well, functioning well, and being resilient in the face of life’s challenges — improves quality of life and is integral to overall health and well-being, even when there are on-going limitations caused by mental health problems and illnesses. According to Buddhism mental suffering is due in large part to imbalances of the mind (Gunaratana, 1985; Wallace & Shapiro, 2006). Numerous Jātaka stories indicate the mental imbalance caused by Akusal Chitta (or pathological mind). These pathological elements impact the mental wellbeing.

Dr. Yukio Ishizuka, a Harvard trained Japanese psychiatrist hypothesized that there are three basic psychological needs or spheres that determined psychological health such as  the search for self, the need for intimacy, and the quest for achievement. As described by Westerhof & Keyes, (2010) there are three core components of positive mental health: feelings of happiness and satisfaction with life (emotional well-being), positive individual functioning in terms of self-realization (psychological well-being), and positive societal functioning in terms of being of social value (social well-being) The Jātaka Stories highlight the importance of positive mental health by spiritual enhancement. These stories help to promote spiritual wellbeing.

Having a sense of spiritual well-being is an important component of positive mental health. Spirituality is something holistic, beyond religious practices and beliefs, which includes broader values and principles that give meaning to life. Coyle (2002) describes spiritual well-being as a feeling connected to something larger than oneself and having a sense of purpose and meaning in life. The Jātaka stories encourage finding the purpose and meaning in life thus promoting positive mental health.

Search for self or know thy self is one of the dictums in Jātaka stories. Dr. Yukio Ishizuka as well as Eric Fromm strongly believed that “Know thyself” is one of the fundamental commands that aim at human strength and happiness. Fromm’s notion “Know thyself” was stated by the Buddha over 2600 years ago.

The story of Bhaddawaggiya Princes reveals the importance of knowing thyself. The Bhaddawaggiya Princes where looking for a woman who stole their valuable possessions. When they met the Buddha the princes asked “Venerable Sir, did you see a woman? The Buddha answered “What is more important whether look for a woman or to look for thy self? (i.e. know thyself). The princes replied that more important is to know thy self.

 

The Buddhist tradition has focused for over 2,500 years on cultivating exceptional states of mental well-being as well as identifying and treating psychological problems (Wallace & Shapiro, 2006). The Jātaka stories encourage self-perceived positive mental health. Perceived mental health is a subjective measure of overall mental health status. Jātaka stories reveal how virtuous people attained positive well-being through the cultivation of optimum mental balance.

Buddhism promotes an ideal state of well-being that results from freeing the mind of its afflictive tendencies and obscurations and from realizing one’s fullest potential in terms of wisdom, compassion, and creativity (Wallace & Shapiro, 2006).

Descartes’ Error

The French Philosopher René Descartes argued that the mind a thinking thing can exist apart from its extended body and therefore, the mind is a substance distinct from the body, a substance whose essence is thought. According to René Descartes mind and body are really distinct and Descartes believed that the nature of the mind is completely different from that of the body.

Beginning with the spirits of Animism in the 3rd millennium BC, the Greek invention of the soul and its properties, of thymos (emotion), menos (rage) and nous (intellect) are then traced from the time of Homer, in which the soul does not last the death of the body, to Plato in the 4th century BC who argued that the soul, incorporating the nous (now called mind) is incorporeal and immortal. Plato’s pupil, Aristotle, commented on the impossibility of an incorporeal soul interacting with a corporeal body (Bennett, 2007).

The modern psychology views mind as the totality of conscious and unconscious mental processes and activities  by which one is aware of surroundings, and by which one experiences feelings, emotions, and desires, and is able to attend, remember, learn, reason, and make decisions.

The Buddhism does not divide mind and body. The Buddhism defines mind as a non-physical phenomenon which perceives, thinks, recognizes, experiences and reacts to the environment. Mind impacts the body. These two entities have close connections. The Jātaka stories indicate how mind affects the body providing numerous case studies.

The Neurologist António Damásio (1994) intensely discussed Descartes’ Error. He assessed the mind/body dualism question. He argues that René Descartes’ “error” was the dualist separation of mind and body, rationality and emotion.

In Buddhist Psychotherapy mind and body are no two different entities. There is no sense in Buddhism that the body is a “vessel” that is guided or inhabited by the mind or spirit. Rather, the body and mind combine and interact in a complex way to constitute an individual (Wilson, 2004). The Buddhist Philosophy teaches the mind is supreme and it can have a profound impact on the body. The Jātaka stories provide numerous case studies of psychogenic ailments which have somatic impacts. However according to Kriel (2003) mind and body dualism still persists in the field of medicine.

Egnew (2005) states that Medicine is traditionally considered a healing profession, but it has neither an operational definition of healing nor an explanation of its mechanisms beyond the physiological processes related to curing. He further states that Healing is an intensely personal, subjective experience involving a reconciliation of the meaning an individual ascribes to distressing events with his or her perception of wholeness as a person. Buddhist Psychotherapy is holistic and it addresses individual’s suffering and helping him to find a meaning.

The Human Body and Mind

According to the definition provided by the NASA (National Aeronautics and Space Administration) Life is a self-sustained chemical system capable of undergoing Darwinian evolution.

Buddhism regards life as the unity of the physical and the spiritual. The teaching of Buddhism centers primarily on human existence consisting of life, suffering, death and the way out of it. In Buddhism, the primary purpose of life is to end suffering.

A man is composed of six elements: solidity, fluidity, heat, motion, space and consciousness. Human beings were viewed as biological organisms (materialism) to be understood by examining their constituent parts (reductionism) using the principles of anatomy, physiology, biochemistry and physics. Disease was seen as a deviation from the biological norms, caused by some identifiable physical or chemical event and intervention involved introduction of a corrective physical or chemical agent (Mehta, 2011). According to Gold (1985) human body is not an object, but “multiphasic, experiential beings of finite freedom.

Buddhist psychology analyses the person into five constituent aggregates (khandhas): matter or physical body (rūpa), feeling (vedanā), perception (saññā), volitional activities (saṅkhāras) and consciousness (viññāṇa). The first aggregate  represents the material component of a person (rūpa) and remaining four represent mental  components of a person or what we call mind (nāma) (Sumanacara, 2011). Buddhism offers a vision of radical inter-identification. A vision where all living beings are identified with all other entities. This vision does not merely teach that we are all in this together, but that we all are this, “rising and falling as one living body” (Cook, 1977).

The human mind can be viewed as a cluster of functions that are developed and shaped by the ongoing interaction between man and his surroundings (MIELI). The Buddhist theories of mind center on the doctrine of non-self which postulates that human beings are reducible to the physical and psychological constituents and processes which comprise them (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy).

In general, the mind can be defined as an entity that has the nature of mere experience, that is, “clarity and knowing.” It is the knowing nature, or agency that is called mind and this is non-material. But within the category of mind there are also gross levels, such as our sensory perceptions, which cannot function or even come into being without depending on physical organs like our senses. And within the category of the sixth consciousness namely- the mental consciousness, there are various divisions, or types of mental consciousness that are heavily dependent upon the physiological basis, our brain, for their arising. These types of mind cannot be understood in isolation from their physiological bases (Dalai Lama).

The Jātaka stories help to understand the dynamics of the human mind by giving a variety of stories. These stories highlight how human mind perceives ideas. How mind reacts in extreme situations. It narrates self centeredness to selflessness, anger to loving kindness, self indulgence to search for meaning. The Jātaka stories emphasize the power of mind and mind’s supremacy. The Buddhist doctrine underlines that all things are preceded by the mind, led by the mind, created by the mind. In Dhammapada the Buddha states: In Our life is shaped by our mind. We become what we think.

Mind and Mental Factors in Buddhism

Understanding the nature of the human mind is arguably the greatest intellectual quest of all time (Kanwisher, 2010).

Psychomotor theory explains the neural origins of human mind. This theory rejects the mind-brain duality. Psychomotor theory was created to explain the psychomotor coupling in health and disease, stating that, not the mind-brain duality or unity, but the mind-brain-body triad as a functional unit may be essential in health and disease, because mind does not end in the brain, but further controls movements, in a reciprocal manner; mental and motor events share the same neural substrate, cortical, and spinal motoneurons; mental events emerging from the motoneuronal system expressed by the human language may be closely coupled with the unity of the mind-brain-body triad (Tan , 2007). Psychomotor abilities can be defined as the process of interaction between the perceptual systems (or five senses), the brain (where perceptual information is interpreted) and the body (where the individual reacts to such perceptual stimuli) (Vorster, 2012).

Buddhism is a religion that deeply discusses human mental process. Human mind has a special place on Buddhist philosophy and it has gone in depth to analyze the human mind. In Abhidhamma (which is the higher teaching of the Buddha profoundly analyses human mental process) man is described as a psycho-physical being consisting of both mind and matter, and it gives a microscopic analysis of the human thinking process (Narada, 1956).

The system that the Abhidhamma Pitaka articulates is simultaneously a philosophy, a psychology, and an ethics, all integrated into the framework of a program for liberation. The Abhidhamma may be described as a philosophy because it proposes an ontology, a perspective on the nature of the real (Bodhi , 1993).

The Abhidhamma states that consciousness performs a task of ‘selfless’ data processing (there is action without an actor) and speaks mainly about ‘conscious cognition’, the dynamics of input and output (Barendregt, 2006). In Abhidhamma the Buddha describes consciousness as a flowing stream intensely interconnected. These words were echoed by William James and in his theory of mind (1890) described that conscious mental life flows continuously like a stream. William James further illustrates the consciousness and writes thus – “the transition between the thought of one object and the thought of another is no more a break in the thought than a joint in a bamboo is a break in the wood” (James, 1988).

Abhidhamma describes the mind as a combination of citta (consciousness) and cetasikas (mental factors or concomitants of the mind). There are 52 cetasikas or mental factors—some can defile the mind, some can purify the mind and some are neutral. The total number of possible combinations between citta and cetasikas is 121.  When the unwholesome mental factors such as lobha (greed), dosa (anger), uddhacca (restlessness), kukkucca (remorse), vicikicchà (doubt), thina-middha (sloth and torpor) can be calmed down not to arise in the mind, then the mind is in unperturbed, peaceful and lucid state. This is the state of upacàra-samàdhi (neighbourhood concentration or access concentration), meaning it is close to jhàna (absorption). (Tin Mon, 1995).

Sanity vs Insanity

The Buddha said “Sabbe Puthujjana Unmantaka” (All non-enlightened folks are insane). In Civilization and Its Discontents Freud wrote: “All neurotics, and many others besides, take exception to the fact that ‘inters urinas et faeces nascimur.”  

Although sanity refers to the soundness, rationality and healthiness of the human mind there is no clear demarcation between sanity and insanity. Some believe the distance between insanity and sanity is measured only by success. Thomas Szas states that insanity is the only sane reaction to an insane society.

The causes for insanity are multi-factorial. Genetics, life stressors, infections, injuries to the central nervous system, drug abuse and even society and culture can contribute to the progression of different mental disorders. In addition Deficits or defects in the structural or functional integrity of the nervous system could lead to insanity. For instance Neurotransmitter imbalances can cause mental disorders. Neurotransmitters are endogenous chemicals that allow the transmission of signals from one neuron to the next across synapses. Acetylcholine, dopamine, GABA, serotonin, epinephrine, norepinephrine and endorphins are the most significant or crucial neurotransmitters found in the human brain and neurotransmitter imbalances within the brain   are the main causes of psychiatric conditions.

The Anti-psychiatry Movement which was formed in 1960 questioned the fundamental assumptions and practices of psychiatry. Foucalt pointed out that the specific definitions of, or criteria for, hundreds of current psychiatric diagnoses or disorders are vague and arbitrary, leaving too much room for opinions and interpretations to meet basic scientific standards. In addition inappropriate and overuse of medical concepts & tools to understand the mind and society, including the miscategorization of normal reactions to extreme situations as psychiatric disorders. Hence Foucalt emphasized that prevailing psychiatric treatments are ultimately far more damaging than helpful to patients. 

The Psychologist Eric Fromm proposed that, not just individuals, but entire societies “may be lacking in sanity”. Eric Fromm further says that “yet many psychiatrists and psychologists refuse to entertain the idea that society as a whole may be lacking in sanity. They hold that the problem of mental health in a society is only that of the number of ‘unadjusted’ individuals, and not of a possible un-adjustment of the culture itself.”

Mental Disorders and the Influence of Buddhist Jātaka Stories

In general terms a mental disorder is a psychological or behavioral pattern that is associated with subjective distress or disability that occurs in an individual and which are not a part of normal development or culture. The mental disorder is characterized by impairment of an individual’s normal cognitive, emotional, or behavioral functioning, and caused by social, psychological, biochemical, genetic, or other factors, such as infection or head trauma.

The DSM- IV defines Mental Disorders as thus.

A clinically significant behavioral or psychological syndrome or pattern that occurs in an individual and that is associated with present distress (i.e., a painful symptom) or disability (i.e.,  an impairment in one or more important areas of functioning) or with a significantly increased  risk of suffering death, pain, disability, or an important loss of freedom. The syndrome or pattern must not be merely an expectable and culturally sanctioned response to a particular event. It must currently be considered a manifestation of a behavioral, psychological, or biological dysfunction in the individual. No definition adequately specifies precise boundaries for the concept of mental disorder. Also known as mental health, mental impairment, mental illness, brain illness, and serious brain disorder. 

A mental disorder is an undesirable (e.g. harmful) condition caused by a dysfunction in a mental Cummins-function (Brülde, 2003). Cultures differ in what is considered normal and what is considered abnormal (Hall, 2009). Psychiatry itself, like most of the rest of medicine, is a product of Western culture. As such, it embodies ideas of illness and wellness, of normal and abnormal, of well-functioning and malfunctioning, of adaption and maladaptation which have their roots in our own shared sentiments regarding the character of reality, of what is desirable, and of what ought to be desired (Leighton & Hughes, 2005).

In traditional societies human distress is more likely to be seen as an indicator of the need to address important life problems than as a mental disorder requiring treatment (Burton, 2012). As described by Dube (1979) Ayurveda, the ancient Indian system of medicine is described in Atharva Veda and in subsequent treatises by Charak, Susrut, and Vagbhatt, containing the details of etiology, symptoms, diagnosis, and therapy of afflictions in humans and animals.  The Buddhist literature also possesses the esoteric material of Medical Science, which is practiced and conserved in India since centuries. It refers to the fundamentals of medicine, rules of good living, which lay considerable emphasis on the hygiene of body, mind (Narayana & Lavekar, 2005).

In ancient India, two branches of knowledge are concerned with human suffering, trying to theoretically explain as well as to practically overcome its reasons: (practical) philosophy and medicine. Buddhism was regarded as a medical discipline (Butzenberger & Fedorova, 1989).

The Buddhist philosophy talks about the human mind and its pathological and non-pathological portions. Jātaka stories describe extensively conditions from mild neurosis to severe psychoses.

Stigma and discriminations are often associated with mental illness. Mental illness stigma is defined as the “devaluing, disgracing, and disfavoring by the general public of individuals with mental illnesses.(Abdullah & Brown,  2011) Stigma often leads to discrimination. Public stigma and discrimination have pernicious effects on the lives of people with serious mental illnesses (Corrigan et al., 2012).

The Buddhist Jātaka stories describe various types of mental disorders and how it affects the individual as well as the society. For centuries these stories helped the people to treat individuals affected by mental illnesses with utmost compassion. There is no evidence of persecution of psychiatric patients in the ancient Buddhist societies.

In the Medieval Europe, psychiatric patients were often targeted as the agents of Satan and subjected to torture and execution.  Mentally ill women were often burnt at the stake as witches. As indicated by Schoeneman (1982) the psychopathological interpretation of the European witch hunts of the 16th and 17th centuries, which has been prominent in histories of psychiatry, contends that demonology overwhelmed psychiatry in the late middle Ages, with the result that the mentally ill were executed by the thousands as witches. The witch hunts of sixteenth and seventeenth-century Europe impeded psychiatric progress for centuries (Schoeneman, 1977).

In his famous book Gendercide and Genocide by Prof Adam Jones of the international studies at the Center for Research and Teaching in Economics (CIDE) in Mexico City writes thus.

…….. for three centuries of early modern European history, diverse societies were consumed by a panic over alleged witches in their midst. Witch-hunts, especially in Central Europe, resulted in the trial, torture, and execution of tens of thousands of victims; about three-quarters of victims were women. Arguably, neither before nor since have adult European women been selectively targeted for such largescale atrocities. Modern estimates suggest perhaps 100,000 trials between 1450 and 1750, with something between 40,000 and 50,000 executions, of which 20 to 25 per cent were men. (Gendercide and Genocide – Adam Jones).

In 1247 London’s Bethlem asylum was found and the term “bedlam” became associated with chaos, confusion, and poor treatment, which reflected the general attitude toward mental illness. The mentally ill received harsh treatments. The 17th century English physician Thomas Willis declared that: “discipline, threats, fetters, and blows are needed as much as medical treatment for the mentally ill.

Institutions for the mentally ill were established beginning in the 14th century. Institutionalization is a deliberate process whereby a person entering the institution is reprogrammed to accept and conform to strict controls that enables the institution to manage a large number of people with a minimum of necessary staff. Until the end of 1960 s Institutionalization was considered as the viable option to treat psychiatric patients. In these institutions psychiatric patients were often subjected to humiliations and maltreatment. Prolonged years of Institutionalization diminished the social and life skills of the patients. This condition was identified as Institutionalization Syndrome which had the features of loss of independence, loss of self-confidence, erosion of desire and skills for social interaction, excessive reliance on institutions and fear of authority.

The humane way of treating mental patients started in Europe mainly with the reformations introduced by Dr Philippe Pinel (1745- 1826) and he initiated moral treatment for the psychiatric patients.  In 1793 he was appointed the director of the Bicêtre Insane Asylum and took numerous revolutionary decisions. He unchained the mental patients and stopped ill treatments.   Dr.  Pinel treated the patient as well as his surrounding environment. His innovations in treating mentally ill patients are still used by the modern psychiatry.

Conversely many centuries before Philippe Pinel the Buddhist societies in Asia treated psychiatric patients with empathy. The King Buddhadasa of Sri Lanka (398 AD) treated psychiatric patients with compassion.  The King Buddhadasa used herbs, empathetic words and healthy community atmosphere to treat the mentally ill.

It is important to note that in the ancient Buddhist societies the mentally ill were never persecuted, excommunicated or subjected to any maltreatment. The Jātaka stories may have had a weighty effect on de-stigmatizing mental disorders.  For centuries, these stories helped people to view individuals with mental illnesses with a compassionate eye.

Chance made them 100 day Ministers sniffing dirt searching material to accuse the previous Government, please vote them out at  next General Elections.

January 30th, 2015

By Charles.S.Perera

They  the 100 day Ministers would not have even dreamt they would be  Minsters this soon. If UNP had contested  the elections with Ranil Wickramasinghe as the leader  they would have surely lost again. This time it is through sheer good luck, and thanks to Maitripala Sirisena  they have become 100day Ministers  in a mostly UNP Government of 100 days.

But what they are doing as “chance” Ministers is sniffing dirt to accuse the previous government for corruption, fraud, and irregularities committed by it. It is 20 days since good luck hit them but they have done nothing positive. They are still cleaning a dislocated drainage system.

The 20 day experience since 9th January,2015,  the people had with these Ministers has given them  an idea  as to what they could expect from them if they were to be  Ministers in a government after a General Election.  It would be a disaster from what we have seen  if we are to continue with this same men as Ministers again in a  government  after the general  election.  They are mostly from the UNP and UNP has no good record of  work to take  Sri Lanka forward towards progress.

And if we examine  what contribution the UNP governments have made, since that of JR Jayawardhane in 1977  for the progress and development of Sri Lanka we will see that they have  contributed very little or nothing at all , but each UNP Government since 1977 ended up with disastrous consequences to the country.

All  UNP governments were west oriented. JR was in fact called Yankee Dickie for his attachment to America.  But when JR was in dire need of a friend in 1983 after India turned against Sri Lanka   dropping dry ration to the terrorists sieged  in  Jaffna, America did not come to his help, resulting in his having to give into Indians and sign  the notorious Indo Lanka pact and  forced by India to introduce the 13th Amendment  into the Constitution of Sri Lanka.

JR also carried out a witch hunt and took away the civic rights of the leader of the SLFP(  Is there  any difference in what the 100day UNP Ministers are trying to do to-day?  Shameless Isn’t it ?)

JR’s UNP government  was followed by the UNP Government of R.Premadasa in 1989. His period  saw the brutal killings and torture camps. According to a commission report  he was involved in the assassination of Lalith Athulathmudaly and also in the death of  Lt.General Denzil Kobbakaduwa. He was also known to have provided arms  and ammunition to terrorists to fight against the Indian Peace Keeping Force. Few development projects were completed  but  Sri Lanka did not see much progress under him.

Then came the UNP government  of Ranil Wickramasinghe, under President Chandrika Kumaratunga  .  Ranil Wickramasinghe ignored the presence of the President and took control of the government and led the country to near disaster signing a CFA with the terrorist Prabhakaran, giving an area to be kept under terrorist control.

That is how  this treacherous man Ranil Wickramasinghe started to play with our motherland.  He has no sense of patriotism, and unless the people are watchful, this is what Ranil Wickramasinghe is planning to do,  proposing to implement the 13 Amendment.  He has no right to do it being only a nominal Prime Minister  without any legal authority of a Prime Minister under the Constitution of Sri Lanka.

 Ranil Wickramasinghe will even agree to allow the TNA to set up Eelam State as what he wants is to have Tamil votes  for his election at the next general election and if possible become the President after Maitripala Sirisena. May God Forbid !

President Chandrika Kumaratunga was an  immature politicians who messed up completely the situation with the terrorists even offering the north of Sri Lanka to Prabhakaran for a trial period of  ten years, which he refused as what he wanted, as the TNA wants today, is a separate Eelam State.

That is what UNP had been to Sri Lanka.  Even today we do not see any difference with the UNP.  They are unable to bring about any substantial progress to Sri Lanka acting completely without a vision for the development of the country.  The only passion of the UNP Ministers of 100 days is raking  the past in search of material to sling mud at the former President , his government, his family and children.

From what they are doing today  the people will judge  their quality as Ministers unable to contribute  any thing positive  for the development  of  Sri Lanka.  The  budget they have presented is a  mediocrity  for those who wants to satisfy their stomachs and taste buds without any creative  contributions for development.  Even the Budget has been  twisted to please the Tamils- see the consumer commodities the price of which have been reduced-dhal, kur kuma, coriander, ulundu dhal, mung eta.

It is now that the people realize the mistake they made not to have voted  the former President back into power.  It was the President Mahinda Rajapakse who within the short time after elimination of terrorists  contributed to the vast development,  progress and prosperity of Sri Lanka more than all the UNP governments past, present or future, put together. 

This government of 100 day Prime Minister can only throw mud at the previous government of the President Mahinda Rajapakse, but will  never be able to even half  emulate it to equal the fantastic development  the former government under the President Mahinda Rajapakse was able to perform within just five years after the elimination of  terrorists who left the country in ruin.

UNP as all capitalist oriented governments cannot bring about progress to Sri Lanka.  All counties develop and progress under socialist form of governments be it Democrats in America, Labour in UK, Socialists in France and so on.

The UNP Ministers  in their tweed suits and the British ties  are by their ignorant pretension to belong to a higher form of a political system are confined to a restricted view of development .

 Their idea of  development and progress come from  the Western Books they have read and from  ideas gathered in  Western universities they may have been to, or what the Western politicians have put into their heads.

It is their restricted idea of democracy, their restricted idea of justice,  their  restricted idea  of development that  keep them within a restricted frame, beyond which they cannot see.  Hence they are devoid of  new ideas for development and progress.   They  are playing to please the West,  and only the West and the local crowd with high opinion of western values

The greatest folly of Sirisena’s government led by a Prime Minister pandering to the Western lobby,  was in  setting aside an impeachment to  reinstate the impeached Chief Justice Shriyani Bandaranayake.

If there is an error in Justice it should be rectified only through an appeal to justice.   It is a  complete reversal of justice for the executive to interfere to rectify a judicial error. Why did they do it ?  to prove that former President was wrong and to vilify him. Is that Justice  ? is that Good Governance ?   Perhaps they will receive the accolade of the west, creating a shameless legal precedent. 

And the worst of it is, it is they who speak of justice ,that claim that the appointment of Mohan Pieris was illegal, and terminate his services without justice.

If  that appointment was illegal  there are correct ways and means to have terminated the services of the C.J.  It was completely incorrect to have given  into  a set of jack asses calling themselves  men of law bringing disrepute to BASL.  A Chief Justice  once appointed notwithstanding what a set of “foolish” lawyers with self interest say about the  manner  of his appointed, should be given the honour and esteem  of the Chief Justice of Sri Lanka. 

 What is yahapalanaya in allowing a set of brutes from the BASL crying for the blood of Chief Justice Mohan Pieris ?  They should be ashamed to call themselves the men of law.  It is a complete negation of justice  for lawyers to  manifest within the sanctimonious precincts of the Court Complex against none other than the Chief Justice of Sri Lanka.

It is only a Prime Minister who is really lowly and  without  respect to  accepted cultural norms of Sri Lanka that would have acted as he did to remove the Chief Justice unceremoniously. It has to be emphasised that Ranil Wickramasinghe is not an accredited Prime Minister in terms of the Constitution of Sri Lanka

 Every thing that is being done by this crude, uncultured, venomous  hastily collected 100 day Ministers led by a characterless Prime Minkister is to revile,vilify scandalise, insult and add accusation of wrong doing  against the former President Mahinda Rajapakse and his government.  It is pitifully impolite and lacking in goodsense.

Even the appointment of Ministers was to spite, injure and revile  the former President Mahinda Rajapakse.  Mangala Samaraweera is an enemy of the former President. Ravi Karunanayake  mocked the Sri Lanka Armed Forces, Lakshman Kiriella an adorer of the West, Rajita Senaratne a venomous man.

The 100 day Ministers of UNP, they  criticise , they condemn and they accuse the former President Mahinda Rajapakse , treating him as their opponent  their political rival.  But they do not take the time to understand the man, his philosophy and his fantastic political vision, which is worth emulating notwithstanding  on what side of the barrier he stands.

 Maithripala’s election manifesto is incomparabl to the Mahinda Chinthanya which is  a complete philosophical and a practical political means to modernise Sri Lanka taking it away from the  dependence on the West, its democracy, its legal system, its cultural influence, and  its political and Christian methodology .  It embraced every aspect of development and facet where attention is required for improvement in a country rising out of the ashes of terrorism with the Tamil Community embedded in a deeply racial separatist mind frame.

Mahinda Chintanaya was  to shatter the long existing  minority and a majority complex, to unite Communities  taking them away from  the narrow sense  of  Communal belonging, to build a multi cultural Nation out  of a country  once  poverty  stricken, enslaved by foreigners,  thrown into a foreign civilisation  strange to its culture, and religion and devastated by a ruthless terrorism.

The Present President or none among the venomous minded collection of  Ministers in  his government will ever be able to set down a document like Mahinda Chintanaya. These 100 day Ministers, not selected by the people but by a Prime Minister appointed  by a President  new to National leadership cannot even present pleasant faces when they appear in the television.

Even the Members of the Supper  Committee Aruna Kumara Dissanayake, Champika Ranawake etc. and frequently appearing Rajita Senaratne , with their  hearts swollen with anger, hatred and ambition  refusing to summon on to their angry faces a smile which they seem to have lost since long time, are a bane to Sri Lanka’s  political system which for the last ten years was in the interest of the people  as a whole without any communal difference.

The Sinhala do not seek to be separated  but united with the other Communities.

The Sinhala are not racists but a magnanimous people.  Mahinda Rajapakse  was the epitome of that magnanimity.

It is the egoist short sighted opposition politicians of Sri Lanka with their selfish agendas , attempting to  hoodwink the poor people  with cheap food and minor mediocre interests, without considering more important issue that  was being mooted against Sri Lanka by the West that manipulated the t Mahinda Rajapakse forces to defeat him at the elections.

The West  feared  MahindRajapakse-the most visionary foresighted leader taking Sri Lanka forward to wards development and progress with  out depending on the West, but forging new political relations  and developing the old with different countries in the worlds.

President Mahinda Rajapakse was interested in the development of Sri Lanka and uniting the people at whatever cost without  witch hunting or raking the past of his opponents to accuse them for their illegal transactions , their involvement in torture camps etc. Mahjinda Rajapakse  was a gentleman politician, unlike the new set in action.

The opposition politicians enlisted the TNA Tamils the most unpatriotic racists with their ambition for the establishment of a Tamil Eelam to get them to vote in favour of the Common Candidate and against Mahinda Rajapakse.

Ranil Wickramasinghe who cares less for  Sri Lanka’s unitary state  or  Communal unity has a penchant for the Tamils, as he knows  it is with the Tamil votes he may one day succeed in being the President of Sri Lanka..  He even signed the CFA with the Tamil terrorists against the Sinhala. 

 Ranil Wickramasinge rejected by the people 29 times, given the opportunity   will not hesitate to give the TNA and the Tamils-a Tamil only Province for them to have their Tamil Eelam.

 Some people have short memories , but at the next general elections  the majority of the Sinhala people( if not the Tamils and Muslims ), will remember who were the  patriotic politicians who worked  most to give them peace and protection  and delivered them from the ruthless terrorist to live without fear. Therefore to who they should vote.

 Sinhala be advised not to seek the satisfaction of the stomach , but think  of greater things for our country and nation, and sacrifice the desire to satisfy the stomach in favour of a Greater Sri Lanka where the people are united non-racial willing to a one Nation of Sri Lankans .

This time,  outvote the Tamils of the North  in order not to bring back the Ministers of the 100 day government and deafeat  Ranil Wickramasinghe at the general elections to stop him from dividing Sri Lanka.

“Ithin Ayubowan Lak Mowni Garu” Where they started and where are they going to

January 30th, 2015

by Orpheus Perera

Good Governance “Yahapalanaya” concept was a conspiracy for UNP to come to power using Maithripala Sirisena as the cats paw. Mithripala Srisena was one of the 12 children of a poor ex soldier who got 6 acres of Paddy Land from DS Senenayaka under Polonnaruwa govi Janapadaya. He worked as a Grama Sevaka for a little salary before he got the scholarship to Maxim Gorky Institute of Literature to do Russian Political science. Before that in 1971 he was sent to prison for one and a half years for JVP activities and re-rehabilitated. It is very difficult for him to communicate with foreign leaders, so Mangala and Ranill will always be taking the lead.

http://www.tamilnet.com/art.html?catid=79&artid=37606

On the other hand Rajapaksa family was very rich from the time of British. Their uncle DR was a Member of the State Council. Those days every Jack and Jill could not go to Parliament. After independent MR’s father GR entered the Parliament. They had thousands of acres of plantations in Deniyaya and hundreds of Paddy Land in Tissamaharamaya by year 1960.Lots of Sri Lankans who had only few Rupees of savings became billionaires between 1980 and 2000. What can we say about people who already had money.

Sri Lankans would have kept on voting MR with a majority for many years. Ranil made a trip to USA and the West meeting the leaders and complaining about the MR government. They were the mastermind of “how to remove Rajapaksa” Diaspora was the main partner in this plan. Demolishing Rajapaksa name is the main item in “Yahapalanaya” 100 day program. After 100 days only power in Sri Lanka will be UNP. JVP will be in the opposition, TNA will get Federal state, which later will become the Elam.

(Readers please note that I have written these as comments to many idiotic commentators in “Ada Derana”. I put the same points down in short)

1st  – MR was accused  saying he called army to help to stay in power after losing. An army Brigadiers said they were not aware of such a coup(a coup only Mangala was aware of).

  1. Ravi said there was an account in Thaprobane Branch of Bank of Ceylon in the Name of Gotabaya for 7.5 M and he transferred it to Central Bank. Gota gave a clear reply. New Deference Secretary confirmed Gota was right. MR3 is asking Deference Secretary to explain why he lied(Kakille Rajjuruwo)
  2. Made a big ha-ho about the floating Armory in Gall harbor “Mahanuwara”. UNP and Maithri put the countries security as well as the shipping lines that depended on Mahanuwara for heir safety in danger By trying to sling mud on last government, these idiots gave away the classified information.
  3. Reinstated former corrupted CJ. She was impeached by a Parliamentary committee(where Siripala was a member) for her fraudulent acts using her position as CJ. ie Taking the authority away from another judge who was in-charge of Golden Key Card case. Sold the property of Alwitigala Mawatha to her siblings for next to nothing. (4a) Investor are waiting to salvage as much as possible from it. (4b) She broke Bankruptcy laws by selling the luxury apartments. (4c) At the enquiry she said she did not buy it for her-self or with her money, she bought them for her siblings in Australia(if she was telling the truth She helped her siblings to hood wink Australian Tax Office).
  4. Now they after KP, to prove that Rajapaksa got billions from him by getting together with him. By embracing KP MR did a clever thing for that time. He split LTTE and got lots of secret information about LTTE which helped to win the war. In fact KP is a friend of Sri Lankan people and help to bring peace to the country. 4 years after the war even Wall street journals admitted that Sri Lankan Economic growth has never been so good in the history of that country.

Karma Greatest Not God: The King Who Refused to Pardon Rizana Nafeek Dead on Second Anniversary of Execution!

January 30th, 2015

– Kumar Moses

What goes around comes around. It is remarkably valid for King Abdulla (1924-2015) of Saudi Arabia. About 10 years ago a Muslim housemaid from Sri Lanka by the name Rizana Nafeek was attending to a baby in Saudi Arabia. The baby died in her care and she was blamed for it. Poverty and the 2004 tsunami that devastated her home led her to work in the Kingdom despite her young age. Many appealed against her execution but failed. As a last resort a state level mercy plea was sent to Saudi Arabia’s king Abdulla. It was rejected and she was executed in January 2013 in an uncivilised medieval manner which no civilised country on earth practices today. Exactly two years passed and King Abdulla was dead in January 2015! Karmic justice has been delivered to the poor soul Rizana.

No one should be committing sins and crime in the name of religion, beliefs, philosophy or god. All these are man made things. Conscience must rank above all these. If a religion, beliefs, philosophy or god requires violence, it deserves no respect or tolerance in a civilised society. It is time to close the chapter on such ignorant behaviour that is on the rise around the world.

King Abdulla is no stranger to medieval practices. Under his rule Saudi Arabia went many centuries back. He totally clamped down on democracy and dissent while financing sham democracy and dissent in other countries. Anyone opposed to his rule is executed. Women’s rights were totally denied. Saudi Arabia despite its riches doesn’t allow its women to drive in this 21st century. Under a new law introduced a few years ago, the Kingdom made it mandatory to employ ‘princes’ of the king’s lineage. They had to be given highly paid jobs commensurate with their lineage. Over 7,000 were employed this way but another 23,000 claim royal lineage and privileges.

It is no secret the KSA finances Islamic terror groups, the spread of extremism and Wahabism around the world. However, due to its oil reserves and the control over petroleum prices over the world, no country dares to discipline it. This emboldened it to commit worse crimes of extremism through a heavily funded a network of terrorists. From the fanatics in a cockpit to the suicide bombers in Syria to the Taliban in Afghanistan and hostage takers around the world, the Saudi imprint is all too visible.

However, thankfully, its rulers are not blessed with intellect. Americans managed to fool the Kingdom at the inception of the OPEC to sell crude oil in US Dollars thus giving USA a tremendous currency advantage which turns into real gain given the greenback’s global appeal. Thanks to Saudi’s self-centred approach, the OPEC was soon a toothless tiger. Further manipulations in Iraq, Kuwait, Iran, Israel and other regional countries by the west bled Saudi Arabia in the past three decades. Saudi Arabia venerates the Jewish State of Israel but behind the scenes tries every trick to destabilize it. This game of brinkmanship has opened avenues for the west to make a fortune selling outdated weapons to the Kingdom. In the 1980s a well connected British defence company sold billions of dollars worth technologically outdated weapons. Recently USA dumped a few billion dollars worth 1980 era warplanes in Saudi while donating fifth generation fighter jets to Israel. It is said that Saudi money ultimately paid for the donation! Creating a sense of vulnerability, USA has managed to establish military camps throughout Saudi Arabia with the stated objective of defending it. In reality they are a deterrent to a stead oil price rise which would benefit the Saudis.

However, the biggest manoeuvre of deceit played on the KSA is none other than the recent slump in crude oil prices. The west came to the realization that high oil prices are linked to the rise of extremism. Oil production cost is mostly static. It doesn’t go up with the oil price. This means higher profits at higher prices. Enormous profits thus earned were ‘invested’ in promoting extremism around the world. The oil price had to be brought down to reduce terror financing. USA introduced fracking – a controversial and environmentally damaging method to bring out underground oil. However, the state financed propaganda machine displayed fracking as the future and trumped up its benefits. At the same time US advisors in KSA warned the king of the possible collapse of oil prices if fracking continues. They advised the only way to collapse fracking is to reduce oil prices so fracking ventures will go bust. However, what they didn’t tell the Saudis was that USA was never keen on expanding fracking anytime soon anyway. It was only a red herring.

Western agents also succeeded in pitting the Kingdom against Russia. Saudi funded anti-Russian terrorist groups. High oil prices helped Russia balance its budget and invest heavily in weapons. For this reason, USA wanted Saudi to tap into its excess capacity and produce crude more and more.

Saudi fell for it and started depleting its scant oil reserves at a faster rate with lesser earnings. Although low oil prices are a blessing for Asia, it is the opposite for oil producers, mainly Saudi Arabia.

Hopefully the new king will bring modernity and civility to the Kingdom and identify the manipulators who are more powerful than the god they worship. May Rizana Nafeek rest in peace.

SOLILOQUY.– SUSANTHA SPEAKS TO HIMSELF.

January 30th, 2015

Susantha Wijesinghe.

WITH NO MALICE TO NONE.  I wrote to that Foolish Ex-President Mahinda to cancel the Elections, the moment the present Mr.President  Maithreepala  crossed over after eating Hoppers. It was a personal email letter,  with possibly one inch letters in RED. It was copied to all Tri Forces Commanders, the IGP, and the Prime Minister.  None of these recipients took no notice. FOOLS. It was Strategy that mattered at once. If he cancelled the Elections, the Minister of Health would have had to change his stance. Not only he, but Ranil, Chandrika, JHU, JVP, TNA, and the whole unholy bandwaggon. Health Minister Maithreepala, had a better formidable strategy, than President Mahinda, who became a Sri Lankan Jester for some. He really fell and hit his posterior hard. Now the pain has gone, the embarrassment is dwindling, let him look around him, ” hell, where are my friends” he says. he consoles himself by saying, ”I have strength to get up on my own, let me first stand up. You FOOL, stop listening to conjured up Nostradamuses. Where are your advisors, I ask ? Oh ! they may be taking a swim, cooling off their mustard brains.

Now, from where the hell should I start  MAHINDA thinks, ? First, I like to ask some questions to my self.  The UNP, what is so uniqiue about this United National Party ? Are they United, ? Hell NO. They are running like ants in a disturbed ant hill. They could not build their Ant Hill on their own, so they got the help of the SLFP veyos, to build a Vey humbaha. Now, is there anything called a United National Party ?  YES THERE IS.  National means, UNP, SLFP, JVP, JHU, TNA, and some splinter groups.  I do not want to get involved with them, Taken altogether, they smell like Hydrogen-Sulphide, like rotten Eggs, like washing blue and lime juice.

Mahindas thoughts are still on track.   I have absolutely no status in the SLFP now. They reign supreme. I loved that party, but they appointed me as a Patron. What does that mean ? Iam an ornament  now. SLFP is now composed of SLFP, UNP, JVP, TNA, JHU, and many rancid table crap from the Party of Parties. It now smells like PIG SHIT.  SO, Now Iam an Ornament in PIG SHIT. Mata thang athi eka. What is the use of being an ornament in Pig Shit ? I don’t like it. My People of 5,7 million will be in anguish. The rest too are my people, who were misled to take different decisions.  I must get my shine back.  HOW HOW HOW ?

IF I HAVE TO CLIMB A COCONUT TREE AND REACH ITS TOP,  I CANNOT HAVE UNPers, SLFPers hanging on to my Amudey. I have to climb on my own. How do I do it. ?

I have to ask a common person. No, No,  I do not mean a common candidate, I mean an ordinary person of Sri Lanka, whose roots were from Ceylon. Now I remember this fellow who ridiculed me in a POEM, “””SRI LANKANS IN ANGUISH “”” a few years back. I just ignored this ordinary fellow. I did not take him seriously, because ***Iam the KING of all I survey ***. So I thought.

Oh !! here we go again, I see him advising me. This time, I do not need a Nostrodamus, but an ordinary Fellas Advice. I will try to listen to him. I don’t have to swallow it, after all.

Dear Mr. EX-PRESIDENT,  Please do not go and wallow in PIG SHIT ANYMORE. Don’t be hard headed, don’t act like a Fool.  I tell you, you have no place in SLFP, or UNP. PLEASE DO NOT BREAK DOWN UNDER SENTIMENT.  Treat the UNP and SLFP as your very old unwashed under-wear. Get new name brands. Plenty, if you look around for sophistication.

FORM YOUR OWN PARTY, FOR LANKAS SAKE, FORM IT. Have the guts and strength of Character. This the name I suggest is, by the GRACE OF THE NOBLE TRIPLE GEM, blessed by Lord VISHNU, Lord  SHIVA, Lord MURUGAN, and Lord GANESH. Please don’t discard me and of the Future of Srilankans, and Srilanka, along with your future.

YOUR SUGGESTED NEW PARTY NAME WOULD BE:-SINHALE SINHAYANothing else. No appendages. No Political tilts, No communal savours, No individual names, No Relegious affiliations.  YOU ARE FOR SRILANKA, ONE NATION UNDER THE GODS AND LORDS ABOVE, INDIVISIBLE, WITH LIBERTY AND JUSTICE FOR ALL.

Please don’t worry about Communities. They will all muster around you, as time would tell.

I am hoping that you will take an ordinary Fella seriously, for once in your life time. WOULD YOU ??

මොහාන් පීරිස් පත්කිරීම නීති විරෝධී බව තීරණය කළේ කවු ද?

January 30th, 2015

Prof.Nalin de Silva

කැබිනට් මණ්ඩලය විසින් විශේෂ කැබිනට් පත්‍රිකාවක් මගින් මොහාන් පීරිස් මහතා අගවිනිසුරු ලෙස පත්කිරීම නීත්‍යානුකූල
නොවේ යැයි තීරණය කර ඇති බවත් ඒ අනුව ජනාධිපතිවරයා ශිරාණි බණ්ඩාරනායක අගවිනිසුරු ලෙස පත්වී ඇති බවත්
වාර්තා වෙයි. මේ වාර්තා පිළිබඳ සත්‍යාසත්‍යතාව කුමක් වුවත් අද (2015ජනවාරි 28) ශිරාණි බණ්ඩාරනායක
ශ්‍රෙෂ්ඨාධිකරණයට ගොස් ඇත.

මෙහි දී අපට ප්‍රශ්න ගණනාවක් යහපාලනය සම්බන්ධයෙන් ඇති වෙයි. මොහාන් පීරිස් මහතාගේ පත්වීම නී්‍යානුකූල නොවන
බවට අමාත්‍ය මණ්ඩලයට තීරණය කළ හැක්කේ ව්‍යවස්ථාවේ කිනම් වගන්තිය යටතේ ද? පත්වීම නීත්‍යානුකූල ද නැත්ද යන්න
ව්‍යවස්ථාදායකය වූ පාර්ලිමේන්තුවටවත්, එහි අංගයක් වූ කැබිනට් මණ්ඩලයටවත් තීරණය කළ නොහැකි ය. විධායකයටත් එය
කළ නොහැකි ය. කැබිනට් රැස්වීම්වලට ජනාධිපති සහභාගි වුවත් නැතත් අගවිනිසුරු ඉවත්කිරීමේ හෝ අගවිනිසුරු පත්වීම
නී්‍යානුකූල ද නැද්ද යන්න තීරණය කිරීමේ හෝ බලයක් කැබිනට් මණ්ඩලයට නැත.

අගවිනිසුරු ඉවත්කිරීමේ ක්‍රමය ව්‍යවස්ථාවෙහි 107 (2) වගන්තියෙහි සඳහන් වෙයි. ශිරාණි බණ්ඩාරනායක ඉවත්කිරීමේ දී ඒ
ක්‍රමය අනුගමනය නොකෙරිණි නම් ඒ තීරණය කළ හැක්කේ අධිකරණයට මිස කැබිනට් මණ්ඩලයට නො වේ. අඩු තරමෙන්
පාර්ලිමේන්තුවටවත් ඒ තීරණය කළ නො හැකි ය. ආණ්ඩුව කළ යුතුව තිබුණේ ප්‍රශ්නය අධිකරණයට යොමු කිරීම ය.
යහපාලන ආණ්ඩුවට ඒ අනුගමනය කිරීමට තරම්වත් ඉස්පාසුවක් නැත. ඒ අධිවේගයෙන් යහපාලනයට යෑමට අවශ්‍ය නිසා විය
හැකි ය.

ඇතැමුන් කියනු ඇත්තේ මොහාන් පීරිස් මහතා අගවිනිසුරු ලෙස සිටිය දී ප්‍රශ්නය අධිකරණයට යොමු කිරීමෙන් යුක්තිය ඉටු
නොවන බව ය. එසේ නම් ආණ්ඩුව කළ යුතුව තිබුණේ 107 (2) වගන්තිය යටතේ ක්‍රියාත්මක වී ඔහු ඉවත්කරන ලෙස
පාර්ලිමේන්තුවෙන් ජනාධිපතිවරයාට ඉල්ලීමක් කිරීම ය. එහෙත් ආණ්ඩුවට යහපාලනයට යෑමට කිසිම ඉවසිල්ලක් නැත. ඒ
අතර නැවතත් ආණ්ඩුව කියනු ඇත්තේ මොහාන් පීරිස් මහතා නීත්‍යානුකූල ලෙස අගවිනිසුරු ලෙස පත් වී නොමැති බැවින් 107
(2) යටතේ ක්‍රියාත්මක වීමට නොහැකි බව ය. 107 (2) ඇත්තේ නී්‍යානුකූල ව පත් වී ඇති අගවිනිසුරුවරුන් ඉවත්කිරීම
සම්බන්ධයෙන් යැයි ආණ්ඩුව කීමට ඉඩ ඇත.

ප්‍රශ්නය මෙසේ සාරාංශ කරගත හැකි ය. මොහාන් පීරිස් මහතා පත්කිරීම නීත්‍යානුකූල නොවන්නේ ශිරාණි බණ්ඩාරනායක
අස්කිරීම නීත්‍යානුකූල නොවන නිසා යැයි ආණ්ඩුව කියනු ඇත. එහෙත් ඒ තීරණය කළ යුත්තේ අධිකරණය මිස කැබිනට්
මණ්ඩලයවත් පාර්ලිමේන්තුවවත් ජනාධිපතිවත් නො වේ. ඒ කවුරුන් වුව ද එසේ කිරීම නීත්‍යානුකූල නො වේ. එසේ නම් ශිරාණි
බණ්ඩාරනායක හුදු කැබිනට් තීරණයක් මත හෝ ජනාධිපතිගේ ඉල්ලීම මත හෝ දවසකටවත් අගවිනිසුරු පුටුවේ වාඩිවීම
නීත්‍යානුකූල නො වේ. ඇය පැහැදිලිව ම අගවිනිසුරු පුටුවේ වාඩිවීමෙන් අධිකරණයට අගෞරව කර ඇත. ඒ පිලිබඳ ව
නීතිඥමණ්ඩලය කියන්නේ කුමක් ද?

ශිරාණි බණ්ඩාරනායක ඉවත්කිරීම නීත්‍යානුකූල නොවේ යැයි උපකල්පනය කළ ද ඇය කැබිනට් තීරණ හෝ ජනාධිපති තීරණ
හෝ මත නැවත අගවිනිසුරු ලෙස ක්‍රියාකිරීම ද නීත්‍යානුකූල නො වේ. ආණ්ඩුව අධිවේගයෙන් යහපාලනයට යෑමට ගොස්
පඹගාලක පැටලී ඇත. නිමල් සිරිපාලගේ විරුද්ධ පක්‍ෂය මේ සම්බන්ධයෙන් කියන්නේ කුමක් ද? ශිරාණි බණ්ඩාරනායක ඉවත්
කිරීමේ දී විශාල කාර්යභාරයක් ඉටු කළ අනුර ප්‍රියදර්ශන යාපා කියන්නේ කුමක් ද? පොදුවේ මෛත්‍රිපාල සිරිසේන සභාපති වූ ශ්‍රී
ල නි පක්‍ෂය කියන්නේ කුමක් ද? ඊනියා දින සීයේ වැඩසටහනට සහයෝගය දී ඒ අමතක කළ යුතු බව ද? ්
(2015 ජනවාරි 28)

Numerous allegations have been levelled against me and my family -Former President Mahinda Rajapaksa

January 30th, 2015

Mahinda Rajapaksa Former President of Sri Lanka

To the Venerable Maha Sangha, all Reverend Clergymen and the People of Sri Lanka

Numerous allegations have been levelled against me, my family and my government both before and after the recent presidential election. If there are allegations of wrongdoing against anybody, there are established procedures that can be followed. What we see instead is a media blitz meant to vilify me and to mislead the public. I wish to state my position on these matters so that the people will not be misled by this unprecedented campaign of vilification by interested parties.

The allegation has been made that I attempted to launch a military coup in the early hours of the 9th January. On the contrary, I conceded defeat and having discussed matters with the then opposition leader Mr Ranil Wickremesinghe, left Temple Trees several hours before the final results were announced.

The accusation that I sought the Attorney General’s advice on how to remain in power illegally is by its very nature, an absurdity. I was saddened by the comments made about this alleged incident and other matters by the incumbent president at a rally in Polonnaruwa. It is with deep regret that I state that I am not being allowed to spend my days in peace even after leaving office.

Images of the interior of Temple Trees have been disseminated with the insinuation that I and my family had led an extravagant lifestyle at state expense. Attention was focused on an air conditioned rest room with TV and attached baththroom. This particular section of the Temple Trees premises was fully refurbished for the 2013 Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting in accordance with international specifications. An exhibition and a banquet for the visiting heads of state were held there. Over the past decade all foreign dignitaries visiting Sri Lanka have been received at Temple Trees and the quality of the facilities available had to suit the purpose.

Raids have been conducted by self appointed anti-corruption campaigners and the police to uncover evidence of waste, corruption and misuse of state funds by my government. A stock of plastic wall clocks with my likeness, a stock of tea cups with the ‘sataka’ symbol, stickers, posters and calendars have been shown on TV with the insinuation that the very existence of such items points to wrongdoing. Yet the people know that the possession of items like that by various individuals cannot possibly constitute a crime or an abuse of power. There was even an accusation that my wife had been involved in a scam trying to sell 100 kilos of gold belonging to no less an institution than the Treasury. Since the police have already responded to that ridiculous allegation, I do not wish to say anything further on that matter other than to point out that gold belonging to the treasury cannot be sold in that manner even by the Secretary to the Treasury leave alone the first lady!

Vehicles that even remotely resemble sports cars are being taken by the police from the houses of their owners in their search for Lamborghinis belonging to my sons. But no Lamborghinis were found. My property in Weeraketiya was raided in search of a seaplane. Two containers of personal belongings of my family have been examined by the police on suspicion of being items ‘stolen’ from Temple Trees. These items were stored in containers because I had no place to go to in Colombo after vacating my official residence. They will remain in the containers until I receive the official residence due to a former president.

My government carried out more development work in this country than any other government in post independence history. These unprecedented achievements were belittled in the eyes of the public during the presidential election campaign with the malicious propaganda that the costs of these infrastructure projects had been overpriced three to tenfold and huge kickbacks taken by politicians and officials in my government. The estimates for all infrastructure projects are made by Technical Evaluation Committees (TECs) made up of well qualified and reputed engineers.

The project is then evaluated by a cabinet appointed tender board which is made up of the most senior civil servants in the country. Every agreement signed with a foreign lending agency is vetted by the Attorney General and it has to receive final approval from the cabinet. Sri Lanka is now a middle income country and not entitled to development assistance. Therefore, my government used concessionary financing arrangements with the ADB, World Bank, and the Japanese, Chinese and Indian governments for the implementation of certain development projects. If the cost of a project is to be artificially inflated as some have alleged, there will have to be collusion between all the relevant bodies of the government, the international project consultants who design and supervise the project from start to finish, the contractor and the lending agency – a process involving scores of individuals and therefore virtually impossible.

Some say that the main contractor in some projects subcontracts some of the work to others at a lower cost and therefore the entire project can be done at that lower price. The usual practice in the construction industry is that sub-contractors are brought in for certain tasks while the main contractors do the more important tasks themselves. However, the responsibility for the entire project rests with the main contractor.

At times segments of the same project are financed by different lenders. Two segments of the Southern Highway were financed by Japan and one segment by China. Similarly, two segments of the Outer Circular Highway were financed by Japan and one segment by China. It is the Chinese funded projects that have been singled out for criticism. China is a country that has helped all Sri Lankan governments for over six decades. Like all international lending organisations the China Exim Bank also has procedures in place to ensure the integrity of their transactions. I wish to suggest to those concerned that this maligning of a friendly country that has helped us so generously over many decades should stop.

Outrageous and totally unsubstantiated accusations against me were disseminated through various websites and social media networks such as facebook both before and after the election. I self-critically admit that my government did not take these baseless allegations seriously and counter them in time.

However, I am confident that the truth will prevail one day.

May the blessings of the triple gem be upon you

Mahinda Rajapaksa

Former President of Sri Lanka

– See more at: http://lankanewsalert.com/english/?p=10119#sthash.TQlftLE8.dpuf

Mahinda Rajapakshe – An Effective Leadership

January 30th, 2015

‘Sri Lankan Patriot’

This essay is written to ally misconceptions and in most cases, downright lies that were spread by the opposition during the period 2006-2015 and now who have formed the new Government in Sri Lanka.

When Mahinda Rajapakshe came to power in the latter part of 2005, he was bequeathed a country which was suffering a thirty year civil war with no end in sight. He realised that if the war went on and on, Sri Lanka will only get deeper and deeper into trouble. He therefore ensured that an effective team was put together and all the necessary help was provided to the Sri Lankan Forces do deal with the megalomaniac mass murderer Prabhakaran who by this time has been waging war from 1975 onwards with an enormous cost in terms of human lives, destruction of property, regression of the economy and much more. Effectively managing the end of a thirty year conflict is no mean task in particular since Mahinda Rajapkshe was placed under enormous pressure by very powerful Western countries. Standing up to the US, EU, UK, Canada and India would have been no easy task. However Mahinda Rajapakshe was not scared and he effectively withstood such pressure with the help of compatriot countries such as China, Russia, Cuba to name a few. We as Sri Lankans should be grateful to Mahinda Rajapakshe for ending the war which was Asia’s longest running civil war and for ushering in peace which was no mean task.

Once the war was over which by itself was a miraculous happening after over twenty five to thirty years or so, Mahinda Rajapakshe did not rest. He then took on the enormous task of developing the country inclusive of areas which were directly affected by the war as well and by the destructive tsunami of December 2014.When Mahinda Rajapakshe came to power, the restoration after the tsunami has taken place only for one year. However, he took on this task with enthusiasm and today all the bridges from Pottuvil all the way up to and beyond Trincomalee have been repaired and restored anew. In fact Sri Lanka’s longest bridge was built at Kinniya by the last Government. Most people who were affected by the tsunami has had their houses repaired and new houses have been built in places in collaboration with foreign countries, in some cases, such as in Trincomalee for all those people who lost houses due to the tsunami. All the roads all the way from Hambantota, Pottuvil up to and beyond Trincomalee have been carpeted and repaired Those towns where fisheries was the main livelihood such as Oluvil for example, brand new fishing harbours have been built with mini-breakwaters, jetties and even ice plants and storage buildings. It is the same elsewhere and in Jaffna too, fisheries harbours have been built with mini-breakwaters, jetties, ice plants and storage buildings. This story has been repeated elsewhere where fisheries is the mainstay of the population.Mahinda Rajapakshe did not ignore the enormous task of rehabilitation and restoration of peace. Over 12,000 ex-LTTE cadres were rehabilitated at enormous cost. They were provided vocational training for, in some cases, one year and restored back into society. During this time, some I am sure were provided accommodation and all the other basic requirements. These tasks cost enormous amounts of money. For those who are shouting corruption, all I have to say is, did these things happen for free?! Today, these ex-LTTErs are in most cases employed and hopefully they will lead productive lives unless the racist TNA stirs up trouble again with their insatiable demands for ‘more powers’ to the provincial councils (which they should not be given under any circumstances).The Sri Lankan Forces were also not ignored. Over 6,000 permanently disabled soldiers have been provided rehabilitation and even houses in some cases. All other forces members who amount to over one lakh? have been re-trained in peacetime tasks such as restoration of roads, bridges, buildings especially in the Northern Province and even in the restoration of canals etc. in beautifying Colombo. All those forces members who sacrificed their lives for the country, their families have been provided pensions and even houses have been built for their families. Yet again, such things cost money, enormous amounts of money. I would like to ask the new Government, why after thousands and thousands of our forces members sacrificing their lives, are you giving ‘more powers’ to the provincial councils? Sri Lanka is one country and every islander has the right to call Sri Lanka their homeland. The North and East is just as much all the islanders homeland as elsewhere of the country. Therefore the clause in the 13th Amendment to the Constitution which says ‘the North and East is the homeland of the tamil speaking people’ should be scrapped immediately and replaced by ‘the North and East is the homeland of all the inhabitants of Sri Lanka’. This is what thousands upon thousands of our forces and civilians sacrificed their lives for. No more powers should be given to the provincial councils and Sinhala, Catholic and Muslim peoples should be settled in both the Northern and Eastern Provinces in quite large numbers. Only then would the racist tamils give up their unreasonable and outrageous demands for ‘exclusive homelands’ which have no basis in history since they are not the original inhabitants of the North and East but the Sinhalese as attested by many archaeological finds inclusive of many a tank such as Kanthale Wewa built by Sinhala Kings of yesteryear.About de-mining, over one million mines were removed mainly from the North. More than 80% of the mines were removed by the Sri Lankan Army and the rest by INGOs such as the Halo Trust. This incredible feat has even been praised internationally. Even removing one mine takes much effort, so imagine removing a million mines, which is no mean task. I thank the Sri Lankan Army and the previous Government for this incredible feat.Apart from the tsunami restoration, Mahinda Rajapakshe was responsible for the enormous task of rebuilding a thirty year war affected country. He almost completed this task with skill and enthusiasm. He, I am sure, consulted the best planners in the country and came up with the five hub concept of developing harbours, airports, roads, railways, telecommunications, tourism inclusive of MICE tourism, IT, education etc. He along with the experts came up with a plan, Mahinda Chintata Idiri Dakma (here I have to say that had Sri Lankans being far sighted, they would have voted for Mahinda Rajapakshe again at the just concluded elections). Whether you agreed with this plan or not, it is still a comprehensive well thought of plan to develop the country and does the new Government have a plan (no! it is koheda yanne, malle pol, that is their plan!).

The former Government went about their tasks with enthusiasm. The Colombo Harbour was expanded with an enormous breakwater being built and other facilities thereby bringing further marine related business in terms of ships berthing at Sri Lanka’s shores. It is one of the top foreign exchange earners today. Another brand new harbour was built at Hambantota very near one of the busiest sea lanes in the world. In time to come, this harbour too will earn much foreign exchange. A new international airport was built at Mattala and the BIA is now being expanded with the addition of a second runway. Both Mattala and the BIA second runway can cater to the expanding number of Sri Lankans employed abroad such as in the Middle East and in Korea and the over 1.5 million tourists visiting the country. All the major roads have been carpeted e.g. the A9 all the way up to Jaffna, the A32 from Puttalam to Jaffna, the Puttalam Anuradhapura Road, the Habarana Trincomalee Road, the Colombo Puttalam Road, the Mannar Anuradhapura Road, the Colombo Katunayaka Expressway, the Southern Expressway, the Outer Circular Road, the daha-ata wanguwa Road, the High Level Road to name but a few that I have used. The Sangupiddy Bridge over the Jaffna Lagoon and the bridge from the mainland to Mannar Island have also been built at massive costs for the convenience of the locals. These cost money for those who cry corruption. I also advice those who voted for the new Government not to use these bridges since they did not want such things built. Why don’t they take a ferry instead to cross the sea or the lagoon? Many minor roads have also been carpeted or concreted. All these cost money for all those shouting corruption! No one builds these for free. So those in the new Government and their supporters should stop using these roads since they are the ones who shouted corruption for almost a decade when these roads were being built. There are now luxury coaches not only to Matara but to Jaffna too. The new Government has stopped building the Northern Expressway which would improve the economy of the country due to ease of transportation from the North to Colombo. The new Government are full of mottayas who cannot understand their walnuts from their peanuts and therefore has decided to halt such an important project. The railwayline all the way to Jaffna and even KKS has been restored. The railwayline all the way to Batticaloa has been restored. The structural soundness of all the railway bridges of the upcountry railwayline has been checked and where found lacking has been repaired. New trains were purchased from China. Even new buses were purchased from India and the like. These are things that the general public does not know and was gullible to believe the lies which were spread by the new Government.

Mihin Air is the first budget airline of Sri Lanka and I commend the previous Government for initiating a budget airline in Sri Lanka since in time to come, this budget airline will be used by the ordinary person when visiting Buddhagaya etc. or even to travel to the Middle East for work. Of course the elite of the UNP and their rabidly right wing Government finds fault with Mihin Air. However the ordinary person can only afford to travel on a budget airline and many other countries have now developed budget airlines.

The aim of the previous Government in carpeting all major roads, restoring railwaylines, building new harbours and airports was to make Sri Lanka a transportation hub in the South Asian Region and thereby to earn more foreign exchange. The new Government can neither understand nor appreciate such concepts since they lied to come to power and now it is koheda yanne, malle pol for everyone from now on!

When Mahinda Rajapakshe came to power in 2005, internet coverage was only 3%. Today it is 50%. The previous Government built over 1,000 nenasalas and again these things do not happen for free for all those shouting corruption! The communication network was expanded and the tallest telecommunication tower was built at Kokavil on the A9 Road. Many, many other telecommunication towers were built to cover the entire island and beyond. Even a satellite was hired from China for ease of communications. Sri Lanka has a very advanced telecommunication network for a developing country thanks to the previous Government. Nowadays everyone has a mobile phone and smartphones thanks to collaboration with China by the previous Government and that is very much thanks to the previous Government. China today is probably the most advanced country on earth and I thank the previous Government for collaborating with China and modernising our telecommunications network. All this was done to make Sri Lanka a communication hub in the South Asian Region. These things do not happen for free for all those shouting corruption! They cost money. The new Government can neither understand nor appreciate such concepts since they lied to come to power and now it is koheda yanne, malle pol for everyone from now on! Even a new telecom tower, the lotus tower, is being built, which will be the tallest in South Asia. Again this will improve telecommunications and bring in more tourists to Colombo.

When Mahinda Rajapakshe came to power tourist numbers were less than 400,000. Today it is 1.5 million. Large scale publicity campaigns were carried out in China, India, Eastern Europe and in the Arab Countries and the like for this to happen. Today, many hotels have been built especially on the East Coast and tourism is a large foreign exchange earner. Many hotels such as the Shangri-La is to be built to increase tourism. In order to promote MICE tourism, Mahinda Rajapakshe built both the Nelum Pokuna Theatre and the Hambantota Conference Hall. In time to come, these venues can be used to increase revenue from MICE tourism. Under Mahinda Rajapakshe many sports stadiums were restored or built such as at Trincomalee, Jaffna etc. Also the Cricket Stadium at Suriyawewa, amongst others, was also built by the previous Government to promote international sport and also to improve the overall fitness of youth in the country. Again these things don’t get built cheap. I challenge the new Government to find even a local contractor who will build anything for less than a 30% profit. This will not happen. For those who cry corruption, do things get built for free? However, once built, the well to do who voted against the previous Government are the first to use these facilities is what I have noticed.

In the field of energy, the previous Government completed the Upper Kotmale Hydropower scheme and the Kerawalapitiya Power Plant. Many mini-hydropower plants were also built. Some of these are examples of clean technology although they may have been more costly to build. However, Norochcholai was also built which is a coal power plant and since then there has been no power cuts which is a blessing. Those who are shouting should realise that it is due to the building of Norachcholai that power cuts are now a thing of the past. Also demand for electricity is increasing year by year and for the Government to keep up, they had to build the above otherwise the economy would have come to a halt. When building Upper Kotmale, all the displaced people were provided very well built alternative housing thus inconveniencing no one. The previous Government was in the process of expanding the power sector in order to keep up with demand when they lost power. The previous Government reduced the electricity bill by 25% as well thus bearing the enormous cost of producing electricity which is not cheap for a country with almost no natural resources such as oil, coal or gas. Sinhala people have such short memories and cannot appreciate these good deeds which is such a shame. In more developed countries you have to pay at least three times as much for the same electricity.

In the field of water supply and sanitation, the previous Government has built water treatment plants at Ratmalana, Trincomalee etc and is in the process of building water treatment plants at Chilaw and the like. A large scale wastewater treatment plant was built at the Seetawaka BOI export processing zone. There are large scale water supply schemes being designed for the entire Jaffna Peninsula. At Kilinochchi and Mannar, water towers have been built or restored and in many towns in the Northern and Eastern Provinces previously existing water towers and supply schemes have been restored. Elsewhere in the country too water distribution systems have been expanded and water supply schemes built. In large areas of the North Central Province, the North Western Province etc., for example, people were provided with rainwater harvesting systems to collect water since these areas are suffering from CKD. In Colombo itself enormous amounts of money was spent repairing the underground sewerage system and the long sea outfalls since nobody prior to the Mahinda Rajapakshe Government has even bothered to look into such as important restoration and previously sewage was discharged via canals in Colombo to the sea due to the sewerage conveyance system being broken. This sewerage system is more than one hundred years old and no one has bothered to restore it previously. What a shame this is for the capital city of a country. It is only the last Government who made an effort to restore this underground sewerage system and repair the long sea outfalls. There are plans also to build two sewage treatment plants for Colombo City so that raw sewage does not just get dumped at sea. It is the Mahinda Rajapakshe Government who took the initiative to newly build a sewerage network for the first time in history under Kandy City inclusive of a sewage treatment plant and the same is planned for Jaffna City. Sri Lanka has now achieved the Millennium Development Goals for safe water availability and sanitation ahead of schedule thanks to the previous Government’s commitment to such. Water supply schemes to Colombo are being improved with new schemes and dry zone water supply schemes are being built for Chilaw, Puttalam, Mannar and the like. Instead of thanking the previous Government for such, motta people of the country has elected a koheda yanne, malle pol Government which does not know their water supply from their wastewater! In developed countries, you have to pay twenty times as much to obtain the same amount of clean water as in Sri Lanka! What a shame that our motta Sinhala people did not have the thinking ability to see through the lies of the new Government!

In terms of improvements to towns, Batticaloa, Kandy bus stands have been newly built as have many bus stands and town improvements in many towns around the country. Kandy City has a brand new underground shopping centre similar to even developed countries. Many towns I saw have been restored and pavements repaired such as Badulla Town, Mahiyanganaya Town, Ampara Town, Anuradhapura Town, Kilinochchi Town and Puttlam Town amongst many others that I saw. Even solid waste disposal has been improved in Ampara Town by the solid waste disposal facilities that have been built there. Same is the case islandwide with a program initiated by the CEA so that solid waste is disposed properly at lands designated for such. For those who cry corruption, do things get built for free? Even Kandy and Nuwaraeliya solid waste dumps were converted to partially designed landfill sites. For those who cry corruption, these conversions cost money and does not happen for free.

Regarding universities, at least three new engineering faculties were initiated in Jaffna, at the South Eastern University and at Sri Jayawardenapura University. At Sri Jayawardenapura University for example, a whole new university town was built with proper pavements etc. A swimming pool was built within that university. More than 22,000 students now attend university for free whereas when Mahinda Rajapakshe came to power only 15,000 or so students attended university free. University lecturers salaries were increased to over Rs.75,000. In developed countries now, you have to obtain a loan to complete university and then you have to pay back that loan for a lifetime. This is not the case for over 22,000 students in Sri Lanka. The previous Government initiated an Ocean University, a University for Vocational Training and improved the Kotalawela Defence Academy. All these universities will in the future produce graduates. Vocational training was massively expanded by opening numerous vocational training institutes in every large town. This means the large amount of students who pass A levels but cannot attend university now have alternative paths to follow. Besides, industries need skilled workers and these vocational training institutes are the best way to expand the number of skilled workers available to expand industries in the country. Even private universities were provided facilities for expansion and the numbers here have increased too. Some university students were given a Mahapola Scholarship and the previous Government doubled the amount provided by the scholarship in the November 2014 budget. University students are provided free hostel facilities and even new hostels have been built at various faculties across the country at massive costs.

One thing to note is that even all the university grounds have been kept trimmed and proper with grass and many plants being planted by hiring gardeners. However, the IUSF and the JVP by their strikes at universities have wasted massive amounts of money running into millions of rupees by striking for weeks on end. Every day that is wasted due to strikes means millions of rupees being wasted. This is public money that the IUSF and the JVP wasted and I demand that the JVP pay all of it back for all the days wasted due to strikes that they initiated during the past ten years which will amount to millions of rupees. No wonder the previous higher education minister was tough on students. All these strikes are illegal anyway. If students get a free education, they have an obligation to study not waste taxpayers money which is being spent on them to study. Also the ragging in universities by the IUSF and the JVP is a human rights violation of those who are being ragged. The IUSF and the JVP should answer for this inhumane, cruel and illegal behaviour. In other more civilised countries all these people would have ended up in jail for violation of other people’s human rights.

The previous Government improved many of the 10,000 or so state schools, some at a  massive expense. Some schools now have swimming pools which were almost unheard of twenty years ago in Sri Lanka. It was the Mahinda Rajapakshe Government which provided science labs to schools in the provinces with the Mahindodaya labs. More than 1,000 were earmarked to be built. For those who cry corruption, do things get built for free? All school students are provided school uniforms and books etc. by the previous Government at enormous cost. Even a glass of milk was provided for free at rural schools. Today retired school teachers get a decent pension thanks to the previous Government. These pensions cost money for those who cry corruption.

Regarding healthcare, a brand new state of the art hospital was built in Jaffna, one of the finest in South Asia. Other hospitals were repaired or expanded such as the Kandy Hospital. More doctors and nurses were trained so that the patients to doctor or nurse ratio was reduced. These things cost money and for those who are crying corruption, such things do not happen for free. Even a pact was signed with Bangladesh to provide cheap drugs to Sri Lanka since drugs from developed countries are expensive. Private Hospitals have also expanded for those who can afford such which is not a bad thing. Apart from that, even the most complicated surgery is performed at state hospitals for free by expert surgeons. This is not the case in the US etc. where you have to pay for your healthcare. Those in the new Government who worship the US should realise that healthcare and education are not free in their land of the free the US but only comes at a price which increasingly many there cannot afford. At all state hospitals in Sri Lanka patients are provided free meals which cost a massive amount of money. For those who cry corruption, in the US, Japan etc. there is no free healthcare and you have to pay for everything. When women get pregnant in Sri Lanka they are assigned clinics and they can check everything until childbirth and there are midwives to attend such childbirths. Also diseases such as tuberculosis are also being tackled by various programs which were initiated by the previous Government. Even all other diseases are checked by consultants who assign appropriate medicines. For those in the new Government who think the world revolves around the US, none of this is free in the US and you have to pay for it.

Then there is the restoration of Colombo City. The floodplain of the city has been restored. For example, near the parliament, wetlands have been restored and walkways built for people to enjoy the wetlands while walking. The diyata uyana is a further example of a restored wetland. To ease congestion, overpasses have been built near diyatha uyana, Nugegoda, Dehiwela etc. Colombo slums dwellers have been provided newly built flats for free. Some other existing flats have been repaired. These have been built or repaired from proceeds from letting foreign and local investors build condominiums in Colombo City and even in Kandy and Jaffna. These condominiums seem to be in very high demand from both local and foreign buyers. Solid waste of Colombo City is now being collected and disposed of properly whereas before, Colombo was a massive rubbish dump as was the rest of the country. Even a large fish market was opened in Peliyagoda. A large gold centre was opened in Slave Island. Not only that, pavements hawkers were shown the door and told only to trade in designated places since if Sri Lanka is to develop, can such a development take place if people do not follow rules and use pavements to set up shops? Pavements are for walking not for setting up shops!!! Even a floating market was opened for traders. The Beira Lake and the Kandy Lake were dredged as was I think Gregory’s Lake in Nuwaraeliya in order get rid of the massive amounts of pollution dumped illegally by various unscrupulous businesses into these lakes. Other lakes near the parliament were similarly dredged and restored. Islandwide, loans at concessionary rates have been provided either to build houses or repair existing houses. This is timely since there is apparently a shortage of seven lakhs houses within the country.

In terms of irrigation, massive irrigation schemes such as Deduru Oya, Uma Oya etc. were either completed or are near completion. Loans were taken to restore at least sixty dams and spillways, in particular in the North and in the East. Other spillways, bunds of irrigation reservoirs and dams have already been restored after the war. There are over 10,000 tanks in Sri Lanka. The new Government accuses that some spillways of some reservoirs, some bunds and some dams have not been restored. Can Mahinda Rajapakshe restore over 10,000 tanks in less than nine years? Of course not. He has however restored many spillways, dams and bunds already. After the war, the harvest of rice from the North and the East inclusive has been massive and so has the fish production. As a result, locally produced rice and fish quotas have increased massively.

Imagine what would happen if we loose the North and the East? Over 28% of the most productive land would be lost as over 66% of the coastline. We will then have to import rice and fish. What about loosing half our exclusive economic zone which is in the North and the East. What are the repercussions of loosing the Trincomalee Harbour? These are what Eelamists, the US, EU, UK, Canada, India etc. are eying. We should never, ever let the Eelamists or the US, EU, UK, Canada, India etc. get hold of our massive North East. It is not their but ours, i.e. the islanders. Our ancestors have lived in this island for thousands of years and Eelamists should be told in no uncertain terms either live in Sri Lanka as one country or depart to any other land of their choice. No more powers should be given to the provincial councils than at present i.e. January 2015. Eelamists in short need to be told to get lost since they have no exclusive right whatsoever to the North East historically. All they have is a right to share this island with the Sinhalese and others. That is all the rights they are entitled to.

All farmers were provided the fertilizer subsidy by the previous Government at a massive cost as were Coconut and Tea growers who were also provided the fertilizer subsidy. About Samurdhi, Sri Lanka has around one million Samurdhi beneficiaries and they have been provided their subsidies without any delay. Then there are the Divi Neguma beneficiaries who were also provided such benefits without delay. The Sathosa stores have been run by the previous Government to help those who are poor to purchase goods at reasonable prices. The previous UNP Governments privatized Sathosa. Shame on them.

The Mahinda Rajapakshe Government also expanded our foreign markets, in particular by selling tea to new markets such as Russia, Eastern Europe and the Middle East. These countries are very rich since they have massive amounts of oil or natural gas. So the Mahinda Rajapakshe Government was right to expand our foreign markets into these countries. The rabidly right wing UNP Governments think that the world revolves around the US, EU, UK and Canada. They do not realise that the world has changed considerably and that there are newly up and coming countries such as Russia, the Middle East, Japan, Korea, China etc. and that Sri Lanka can indeed do without the US, EU, UK, Canada and India which are trying to create a separate state in Sri Lanka!

Since the end of the war many countries with large reserves such as Malaysia, Singapore, China, Japan, Korea, the Middle East or their companies has invested massively in Sri Lanka in particular building tourist hotels, condominiums and the like. They have also set up companies in the BOI zones expanded by the previous Government in places such as at Achchuveli, at Trincomalee, at Seetawakapura and the like. In this way, the previous Government has facilitated the increase in FDI into the country.

Even a new telecom tower, the lotus tower, is being built, which will be the tallest in South Asia. Again, this will improve telecommunications and bring in more tourists into Colombo. The British times colonial warehouses in Slave Island are also being restored to their former self. The former British times racecourse colonial buildings have been restored and is now a shopping complex. Of course such is not necessarily for locals but to bring in foreign tourists, in particular Indians and Chinese who come to Sri Lanka for shopping. So why not capitalise on that?

Under the Mahinda Rajapakshe Government, Sri Lanka achieved most of the millennium development goals ahead of schedule. Sri Lanka therefore became an example of a country which showed that even a resource poor developing country can achieve millennium development goals if the Government has the right policies and plans in place and makes the right effort. Sri Lanka is a good example to other developing countries to follow on that score.

It is also the Mahinada Rakapakshe Government which re-nationalised the sugar making plants which were sold for very low prices and privatised by previous UNP Governments and made them profit making. Since importing sugar costs a massive amount of money, this was a timely move by the previous Government. It is also Mahinda Rajapakshe who campaigned to popularise local grains such as rice, rice flour, kurrakkan etc. rather than eating imported wheat products. This is also to prevent massive amounts of foreign exchange being used to import wheat and also to help local farmers. The rabidly right wing UNP Governments did not help the previous Government spread this important message but laughed at the godayas wearing sarongs. When this new Government has to spend millions of hard earned foreign exchange in importing what, they will feel sorry for their previous behaviour.

The rabidly right wing UNP Governments think eating bread like the US, EU, UK, Canada etc. is fashionable and those who eat rice is backward. Little do they realise that even in these developed countries they still eat potatoes which are locally produced and thus these countries save their own foreign exchange.

The UNP led Governments think that following the US, EU, UK, Canada, India etc. and doing their bid is proper foreign policy. Never mind the fact that the US is eying the Trincomalee Harbour and resources of the North and East such as mineral sands, oil, marine fisheries etc. and thus wants to create Eelam thus depriving the indigenous Sinhalese of the island their rights to a part of the island i.e. the North and the East. The indigenous Sinhalese have lived in this island for over two and a half millennia and our tribal ancestors even more perhaps ten thousand years and much more. The US, EU, UK, Canada, India etc. should be told that our sovereignty is non-negotiable and there are no more ‘political solutions’ to non-existent problems. I hope the new Government has the backbone to say this once and for all on behalf of the Sri Lankan people to this so called ‘international community’. I am sure that the vast majority of countries in the world will applaud us if we did so. Many countries in Asia, Africa, Latin and South America will surely do so. Proper foreign policy is not doing the bid of the US, EU, UK, Canada, India etc. like backboneless invertebrates, but to cultivate friendships with all countries especially Asian Countries and the Non Aligned Movement and to let any imperialists such as the US, EU, UK, Canada etc. know that their plans to dismember Sri Lanka is not welcome in Sri Lanka.

The above observations are what I have observed but I am sure there is much more that I have missed or have not noticed. This is simply being written to point out that without a proper plan to develop a country such as Mahinda Chinatana Idiri Dekma, there is no way a country can develop and move forward. It is also to point out that Mahinda Rajapakshe is in some ways a remarkable leader since he ended a thirty year civil war and restored peace, reconstructed and rehabilitated the country devastated by the tsunami and war. He also developed the country as never before. All these achievements have not been easy and it takes a remarkable leader to achieve such achievements. It is also written to point out that lying about the previous Governments achievements simply to come to power is an immoral thing to do and Sri Lanka will suffer as a result due to such ill conceived plans.

No More Powers to Provincial Councils

January 30th, 2015

‘Sri Lankan Patriot’

There are over 6,000 permanently disabled soldiers have been provided rehabilitation and even houses in some cases. All other forces members who amount to over one lakh? have been re-trained in peacetime tasks such as restoration of roads, bridges, buildings especially in the Northern Province and even in the restoration of canals etc in beautifying Colombo. I would like to ask the new Government, why after thousands and thousands of our forces members sacrificing their lives, are you giving ‘more powers’ to the provincial councils? Sri Lanka is one country and every islander has the right to call Sri Lanka their homeland. The North and East is just as much a Sinhalese Homeland as elsewhere of the country. Therefore the clause in the 13th Amendment to the Constitution which says ‘the North and East is the homeland of the tamil speaking people’ should be scrapped immediately and replaced by ‘North and East is the homeland of all the inhabitants of Sri Lanka’. This is what thousands upon thousands of our forces and civilians sacrificed their lives for. No more powers should be given to the provincial councils and Sinhala, Catholic and Muslim peoples should be settled in both the Northern and Eastern Provinces in large numbers. Only then would the racist tamils give up their unreasonable and outrageous demands for ‘exclusive homelands’ which have no basis in history. Historically the North and East was part of the Rajarata and many a large tanks such as Kanthale Wewa, Buddhist Temples etc. have been built by the Sinhala kings in the North and the East. This proves that the North and East was first and fore mostly inhabited by the Sinhalese uptil the 13th century or so. Therefore the racists TNA should not be given any powers whatsoever and justice should be done by all the islanders of the island of Sri Lanka and power be restored with the Central Government and Provincial Councils provided with only the powers they have today. The tamils should be told that the Sinhalese have inhabited this islands for over 2,600 years and that we have fundamental rights.

Imagine what would happen if we loose the North and the East. Over 28% of the most productive land would be lost as over 66% of the coastline. We will then have to import rice and fish. What about loosing half of our exclusive economic zone which is in the North and the East. What are the repercussions of loosing the Trincomalee Harbour? These are what Eelamists, the US, EU, UK, Canada, India etc. are eying. We should never, ever let the Eelamists or the US, EU, UK, Canada, India etc. get hold of our massive North East. It is not their but ours, i.e. the islanders. Our ancestors have lived in this island for thousands of years and Eelamists should be told in no uncertain terms either live in Sri Lanka as one country or depart to any other land of their choice. No more powers should be given to the provincial councils than at present i.e. January 2015. Eelamists in short need to be told to get lost since they have no exclusive right whatsoever to the North East historically. All they have is a right to share this island with the Sinhalese and others. That is all the rights they are entitled to.

The previous Government expanded our foreign markets, in particular by selling tea to new markets such as Russia, Eastern Europe and the Middle East. These countries are very rich since they have massive amounts of oil or natural gas. So the previous Government was right to expand our foreign markets into these countries. The rabidly right wing UNP Governments think that the world revolves around the US, EU, UK and Canada. They do not realise that the world has changed considerably and that there are newly up and coming countries such as Russia, the Middle East, Japan, Korea, China etc. and that Sri Lanka can indeed do without the US, EU, UK, Canada and India which are trying to create a separate state in Sri Lanka!

The UNP led Governments think that following the US, EU, UK, Canada, India etc. and doing their bid is proper foreign policy. Never mind the fact that the US is eying the Trincomalee Harbour and resources of the North and East such as mineral sands, oil, marine fisheries etc. and thus wants to create Eelam thus depriving the indigenous Sinhalese of the island their rights to a part of the island i.e. the North and the East. The indigenous Sinhalese have lived in this island for over two and a half millennia and our tribal ancestors even more perhaps ten thousand years and much more as attested by numerous archaeological evidence. The US, EU, UK, Canada, India etc. should be told that our sovereignty is absolutely non-negotiable and there are no more ‘political solutions’ to non-existent problems. I hope the new Government has the backbone to say this once and for all on behalf of the Sri Lankan people to this so called ‘international community’. I am sure that the vast majority of countries in the world will applaud us if we did so. Many countries in Asia, Africa, Latin and South America will surely do so. Proper foreign policy is not doing the bid of the US, EU, UK, Canada, India etc. like backboneless invertebrates, but to cultivate friendships with all countries especially Asian Countries and the Non Aligned Movement and to let any imperialists such as the US, EU, UK, Canada etc. know that their plans to dismember Sri Lanka is not welcome in Sri Lanka.

 

Auschwitz

January 30th, 2015

Dr Ruwan M Jayatunge 

 

My heart cried

When my feet touched Auschwitz

Although many years have passed

It seems like yesterday

 

I was brought here

Along with my family

We traveled three nights in a cattle train

Fully packed and had no space to move

 

When my little sister asked for water

I gave my water bottle with a small loaf of bread

Then she slept on my lap

But I was awake all the time

 

When the train stopped

The Doors were opened

There were no welcome signs

The SS men came with guns and dogs

SS-Totenkopfverbände greeted no one

 

When I saw Sonder- Commanders

I could read their eyes

They moved like living dead

Gave no word or smile

 

It was winter and I felt cold

I took a deep breath

My inner mind whispered

You have come to the land of death

 

When the Commandant came

We were separated

Some went to the labor camp

And the others to the gas chamber

 

They gased my parents

Along with my little sister

Their ashes were scattered

All over Auschwitz

 

Countless nights

I lived with the memory of my family

I worked all day long

But we were under fed

 

Famine and cold

Fear and beatings

Humiliations and torture

Every single day

We experienced death

 

There was no hope

There was no salvation

Only option left was

The electrified fence

 

After many years

We heard rumors

The War is going to end

And the Red Army is moving towards Berlin

 

In the final days of the War

The Nazis were frantic

Joshua said

They might terminate us all

 

On the 27th January 1945

The Red Army came to Auschwitz

Many of us were walking skeletons

 

They gave us food

And said soon the War will be over

Many became astonished

But my feelings were numbed

 

On the day of the liberation

Auschwitz  survivors were parted

Many went to their homes

But I had no place to go

Because my family was no more

With Joshua I moved to Santa Barbara

 

Many years after the war

Again I came to Auschwitz

Not as a prisoner this time

But as a witness

 

This is the place they eliminated my entire family

I recalled my parents and little sister

They went through the gas chimney

Without telling me good bye

 

I tightly held Joshua’s hand

When I saw the remnants of the gas chamber

I felt despair

I had no tears to cry

 

I could hear many voices in this place

Million and half

Men women and children

Who were murdered by the Nazis

Then I clearly heard my little sister saying

Sara thank you for coming to see me

 

I closed my eyes

I wanted to be alone

 

Why did they do this to us?

Why Why ?

 

If I could speak to the whole world

I would say a few words

Please do not let it happen

Never again

Never again

 

 

 

 

Sri Lanka Falls to the Abyss of Despotic Dictatorship Thanks to Over Reliance on Article 122(1)

January 30th, 2015

Dilrook Kannangara

The manner in which the Chief Justice was removed resembles Pakistan under General Zia-Ul-Haq or Pervez Musharraf. Mohan Peiris was not removed from his post by legal means. The threats he faced while serving as the Chief Justice until his removal were not seen in this country’s history. The parliament was not consulted on his removal and the proper procedure was not followed. It was totally dictatorial for the president to remove the Chief Justice illegally, appoint the former Chief Justice Shirani Bandaranayaka, get her to resign and appoint another in her place. This is a despotic gimmick. Mahinda, although wrong in removing Shirani Bandaranayaka, followed the proper procedure and the parliament actioned it.

 

However, there is a more sinister plan behind the appointment of the new Chief Justice – Article 122(1) of the Constitution which essentially turns the nation into a dictatorship overnight by the collusion of the President, the Cabinet and the Chief Justice (along with the Supreme Court), bypassing the people and the parliament.

 

Given the gimmick played to remove the Chief Justice, the other Supreme Court judges are fearful of similar action by the government. Under undue pressure, they cannot function independently which is what the dictatorial regime is hoping.

 

Somoza of Sri Lanka

If Mahinda’s rule was dictatorial as the JVP claimed, Sri Lanka has fallen from one despotic and dictatorial regime to another; a worse one. President Sirisena who promised good governance has already shown he will go on record as the most despotic and dictatorial president ever. Strangely democracy champions of the West and their NGOs are silent on this slide to total dictatorship.

 

Nicaraguan dictator Anastasio Somoza Debayle committed horrendous crimes and was more than a tin pot dictator. His despotic regime shut democracy out at the doorstep of USA. But his action helped USA advance its geopolitical interests in a region set to stay neutral between the US and the SU. The US President at that time hailed dictator Somoza saying “he may be a bastard, but he’s our bastard!” USA has found another; this time in Sri Lanka, the epicentre of the new great game of the Indian Ocean.

 

Article 122(1) of the Constitution

Sirisena’s government doesn’t have the required two thirds in parliament to make constitutional amendments and other laws inconsistent with the Constitution. Therefore, their 100-day-program ends up a sham. To overcome this, the regime has decided to rely on Article 122(1) of the Constitution.

 

In summary, Article 122(1) gives the President and his Cabinet of Ministers the power to enact laws bypassing the people and the parliament. Similar things happen in Burma and North Korea and what used to happen in Libya and other dictatorships. If the President, the Cabinet he appointed and the Chief Justice he appointed can make laws and change Constitutions, where is democracy?

 

Article 122(1) states, “In the case of a Bill which is, in the view of the Cabinet of Ministers, urgent in the national interest, and bears an endorsement to that effect under the hand of the Secretary to the Cabinet,

(a) the provisions of Article 78(1) and of Article 121, shall subject to the provisions of paragraph (2) of this Article, have no application;

(b) the President shall by a written reference addressed to the Chief Justice, require the special determination of the Supreme Court as to whether the Bill or any provision thereof is inconsistent with the Constitution. A copy of such reference shall at the same time be delivered to the Speaker;

(c) the Supreme Court shall make its determination within twenty-four hours (or such longer period not exceeding three days as the President may specify) of the assembling of the Court and shall communicate its determination only to the President and the Speaker.”

 

The UNP government headed by President Sirisena will rely on Article 122(1) to push their promised constitutional changes and more dangerously other laws as in their view they are “urgent in the national interest”. So the President will write to the Chief Justice (who was recently appoint by the President himself bypassing all procedures!) asking if the proposed laws are inconsistent with the constitution. The response which will reach only the President and the Speaker will be a “big yes” and as one would expect “would not require a referendum or two thirds of parliament”. And then the bill will be passed by the parliament with a simple majority. Key Opposition members are shut from exercising their right by the witch-hunt currently underway so they are not likely to oppose it. With that it will be easy to get a simple majority and pass the bill.

 

Any change to the Constitution will be done in this manner detrimental to the people and the nation by shutting out the parliament, the Constitutional guarantees against arbitrary amendments of the Constitution and democracy.

 

However, there is more. Article 122(1)(a) states the provisions of Article 78(1) does not apply in such a case. Article 78(1) requires that “every Bill shall be published in the Gazette at least seven days before it is placed on the Order Paper of Parliament.” So by shutting out Article 78(1), people and civil organizations will not be able to know what is going on as publishing in the Gazette is the only official communication of government decisions to the public! The public may act on proposed bills if they harm them. By keeping them in the dark, the despotic regime can do whatever they please.

 

Conclusion

People’s confidence in the President, the Cabinet, the Chief Justice and the law of the land has seriously dented after the checkers game played with three Chief Justices. It will further erode when they rely on Article 122 (1) to make laws and change the Constitution in a way detrimental to the people and the nation. Despite Article 3 declaring “In the Republic of Sri Lanka sovereignty is in the People and is inalienable”, it is being alienated to a handpicked few.

 

All these manoeuvres are to comply with the Singapore Principles of 2013 arrived at in Singapore by the participation of many powerful members of this government. They include removing the supreme place granted to Buddhism in fact but fooling the people with a sham phrase with no operability in a secular state (P10). State institutions will not employ as many Sinhalese and prefer Tamils and Muslims instead (P9). Sri Lanka will be turned into the Balkan of the east (P4 and P3). People must be vigilant and oppose these despotic moves by the Sirisena regime.

Contradictions on Opinions.

January 30th, 2015

Prof. Hudson McLean

Re my article –
“Did ex-President Mahinda Rajapaksa turn Temple Trees into a Dog House?”

Thank you Gentlemen for your opinions. However, whilst disagreeing with my statements,
mario_perera Says: January 28th, 2015 at 8:01 pm
“The truth is that every previous president would have done so if only his or her hands were not tied by international interferences. There were umpteen occasions when the war could have been ended, but India, mainly, stood in the way.”

I presume, that you agree,that, although previous Presidents had the power….. ”
I said……

Neither CBK nor Ranil Wickremasinghe could do bugger-all to bring an end to LTTE Tamil Terrorism which, MR with the support of GR & General (?) Sarath Fonseka concluded in style.”

Therefore, MR did have the guts & courage to move against these giant external influences!!

“Whatever General Fonseka said about CBK, that it was CBK who got down the hardware. Who supplied the hardware? Did any middleman involved made commissions?”

Let us not deviate from Sri Lankan MR to Twin Towers in NY-USA. Two of my close friends perished in that disaster.
You said-; ”
as for Sri Lanka, the armed forces were ready.They had the equipment and the skills. their generals knew what to do. They knew the Jaffna peninsula like the palms of their hands. MR had only to go with the tide.”

Now you agree by default that MR as C-i-C, had the Guts & Leadership to Command the Forces. Thank you, Sir!

Nanda Says:
January 28th, 2015 at 8:16 pm
“Fully agree with Mario. Why a lot of people not aware of this is sheer fear that “all others will give ealam”. But the truth is no leader gave Ealam to Tamils.”

True. Nanda. However, No Leader put a Stop to the Bloody War for 30+ years.
And it was MR + GR + SF who pulled the plug.

I am not quite sure to what extent MR – GR – BR – Namal are involved in the current accusations of Fraud-Bribery-Corruption-Mis Management. But, with respect, Sri Lanka as a PROVEN Democracy let us accept the Fact that, “Guilt Has to be Proven in accordance with the Law of Sri Lanka”. Do not let it go down to the levels of Sharia Law, as currently practised by the Islamic Fundamentalists!

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ලිච්චවි රජදරුවන් දුන් නාස් ලණුව (2)

January 30th, 2015

චන්ද්‍රසිරි විජයවික්‍රම

ජනවාරි 27, 2015

පෝප්තුමාගේ අවවාදය හා 13 වන සංශොධනය

“එක පවුලක් ලෙස ජීවත්‌වන්න යයි” පෝප්තුමා ලංකාවාසීන්ට අනුශාසනා කර ගියේය. ඉන්පසු දිනක ඉස්ලාම් ත්‍රස්තවාදීන් ප්‍රංශ කාටූන් පත්තර කන්තෝරුවට පහරදුන් සිද්ධිය ගැන එතුමා කියා සිටියේ “යමෙක් ඔබේ අම්මාට අපහාස කලොත් ඊට යම් ප්‍රතිචාරයක් ඔහු විසින් ඔබගෙන් (මූණට තදබල පාරක් හෝ වෙඩි උණ්ඩයක්) බලාපොරොත්තු වියයුතු බවය.” මේ දෙකෙන් ලංකාවාසීන්ට දුන් අවවාදය කොළඹ කාඩිනල්තුමා විසින් පෝප්තුමාට ලියාදුන් කථාවේ තිබුණ දෙයක් විය යුතුය. දෙවන කියමන ක්‍ෂණයකින් ඉබේම එතුමාගේ හිතට ගලා ආ අදහසක් විය යුතුය. පුදුමයකට මෙන් එය “ඇහැට ඇහැක්” යන පරණ බයිබල් කථාවද සිහිකරවයි.

කෙසේ වෙතත් මේ අවවාද දෙක ලංකාවේ 13 වන සංශොධනය ආශ්‍රයෙන් සලකා බලන්නට මට සිතුනේ ලංකාව ථේරවාද බුද්ධාගමේ මධ්‍යස්ථානය කරන්නට අගමැති රනිල් මහතා විසින් දැන් අළුතින්ම යෝජනාකර ඇති නිසාය. මා සලකන්නේ මේවා පුස් යෝජනා නොහොත් ඇස්බැන්ඳුම් කියාය. ඊට හේතුව රනිල් “ඒකීය රටක් තුල සම්පූර්‍ණ ස්වයංපාලනයක් 13-ඒ යටතේ උතුරු-නැගෙනහිර පලාත්‌වලට දෙන්නට යනවා නම්” එවිට බුද්ධාගමටත්, සිංහල බෞද්ධයින්ටත් වෙන්නේ අබසරණ නිසාය. ජනාධිපතිවරයා හා චම්පික රණවක හැරෙනවිට රනිල්ගේ කැබිනට් එකේ සිටින කිසිම කෙනෙක් 13 සංශොධනයට විරුද්ධ නැත. මේ නිසා රනිල් හා චන්ද්‍රිකා 1994-2005 කාලයේදී රටට කරන්නට ගිය නැස්පත්තිය දැන් 2015 දී කරන්නට යාමෙන් වැලැක්‌වීමට සිංහල බෞද්ධ බලවේගය සීරුවෙන් සිටිය යුතුය.

රනිල්ට අවස්ථාව ලැබුණේ සෝම හාමුදුරුවන්ට පසුව යටගොස් තිබූ සිංහල බෞද්ධ බලය බොදු බල සේනාව විසින් යළි මතුකරලීම නිසාය. මාදුළුවාවේ සෝභිත හිමියන් හඬ නැගුවේ  මේ බලයමය. රතන හාමුදුරුවන් නිර්භීතව ජනාධිපතිව එලවනවා කිව්වේද ඒ බලය නිසාමය. අහිංසක නියම ගැමි සිංහල බෞද්ධයෙක් සොයා ගත හැකිවූයේ මහින්ද රාජපක්‍ෂ රජයේ දූෂණ  නිසාය. මේ නිසා සිංහල බෞද්ධයින්ගේ ඇසට වැලිගසා රට කැඩීමට හැකිවෙතැයි රනිල් හා මංගල නොසිතිය යුතුය.
 
මෙහිදී ඉතාමත් වැදගත් වෙනත් හදිසි කටයුතු රැසක්ම තිබියදී මේ 13-ඒ වැඩේට, ලබන පාර්ලිමේන්තු චන්දයට පෙර අතනොගසන ලෙස බලකර සිටීමය. දින 100 තුල මෙයට අතගැසීමට ඉඩදීම රටේ විනාශයට මුල වනු ඇත. පසුගිය ජනාධිපති මැතිවරණය මේ 13-ඒ සම්බන්‌ධයෙන් දුන් ජනතා තීරණයක් නොවේ. එම මැතිවරණයේදී කවුරුවත් කතා නොකල තහනම් වචනයවූයේ 13-ඒ යන වචනයය. මේ නිසා ඒ ගැන දැන් පස්සා දොරෙන් කතා කිරීම ලිච්චවි ක්‍රමයටද පටහැනි සද්භාවයෙන් තොර ක්‍රියාවකි. රාජපක්‍ෂලාගේ දූෂණ පස්සේ එලවන එක ජනප්‍රිය මාධ්‍ය සංදර්‍ශනයක් කර, යටින් හොර රහසේ, කඩිමුඩියේ 13-ඒ සෙල්ලම ක්‍රියාත්මකවන බව මහජනයාට නොතේරේ.
සාධාරණ (රීසනබල්) හා අසාධාරණ අවවාද

කොළඹ කාඩිනල් වරයා විසින් ලියා පෝප්තුමා විසින් කියවූ අවවාදය හා පෝප්තුමා විසින් ක්‍ෂණික පිලිතුරක් වශයෙන් ප්‍රංශ කාටූන්කරුවන්ට දුන් අවවාදය එකිනෙකට පටහැනිය. ලංකාවේ දුප්පත් සිංහල කතෝලිකයින්, සිංහල බෞද්ධයින්, දෙමල හින්දුන්, දෙමල කතෝලිකයින්, මුස්ලිම්, මැලේ හා බර්‌ගර් ජනයා එකපවුලක් ලෙස ජීවත්‌වන්නේ නැද්ද? එසේ ජීවත් නොවනවා යයි කියන්නේ කවුද? එසේනම් ඊට හේතු මොනවාද? මේ නිසා ලංකාවේදී පෝප්තුමා නොමග යැවීම අසාධාරණය. ප්‍රංශ සිද්ධියේදී එතුමාගෙන් ඇසූ ප්‍රශ්නයට දුන් ක්‍ෂණික උත්තරය සාධාරණය. මොන මාධ්‍ය නිදහසක් යටතේ හෝ අනිත් ආගමකට අපහාස කිරීම හේතු ඵල න්‍යාය අනුව එතුමා විග්‍රහ කලේය. මෙවැනි විග්‍රහයක් කොළඹ කතෝලික කාඩිනල් වරයා විසින් කර නැත. මේ මගින් ඔහු සිංහල බෞද්ධයින්ට අසාධාරණයක් කර ඇත.

අයුතුලෙස, සදාචාර ව්‍රෝධීලෙස කරගෙනයන අන්‍යාගම්වලට හැරවීම, හලාල් අර්බුදය, ෂාරියා ආක්‍රමණය, අන්තවාදීන් ලෙස ජාතික හෙළ උරුමය හා බොදු බල සේනාව හංවඩු ගැසීම, දෙමල රටක් පිහිටුවා ගැනීමට ඇති ලෝක ව්‍යාපාරය යන මේවා ගැන කාඩිනල් පෝප්තුමාට කිව්වාද? බුරුමයේ විරතු හාමුදුරුවන් බෞද්ධ ත්‍රස්තවාදියෙක් ලෙස ටයිම් සඟරාවේ මුල්පිටුවේ දැම්මාට බුරුම වැසියා බුරුමයේ ඇමෙරිකන් තානාපති කාර්‍ය්‍යාලයට ගල් ගැසුවාද? බැමියන් බුදු පිලිම මුළු ලෝකයටම වටිනා ඓතිහාසික වස්තු වුවත් ඒවා විනාශකලාට බෞද්ධයින් ඉස්ලාම් පල්ලි වලට ගල් ගැසුවාද?

දෙමල පවුල

එක පවුලක් ලෙස එකමුතුව ඉන්නට නම් පවුල් දෙකක් ලෙස නොසිතන ලෙස පෝප්තුමා නොකිව්වේ ඇයි? ලෝක දෙමල සංවිධානය ලෝකයේ වෙනම දෙමල රටක්, ටැමිල්නාඩ් වල නොව ලංකාවේ හදාගන්නට ක්‍රියාකිරීම නිසා සිංහල ජනයා බලවත් මානසික ආතතියකට පත්‌වී සිටිනා බව කාඩිනල් පෝප්ගෙන් සඟවා ඇත. ඊට හේතුව කාඩිනල්ද රටකැඩීමේ ව්‍යාපාරයට හවුල් නිසා නොවේද? මේ ගැන සිතාගෙන යනවිට මුළු දෙමල බෙදුම්වාදී ව්‍යාපාරයම දෙමල ක්‍රිස්තියානි ව්‍යාපාරයක් බව පෙනීයයි. එය ඉන්දියාව කැබලිකිරීමේ ලෝක ක්‍රිස්තියානි ව්‍යාපාරයේම කොටසකි.

කාඩිනල් පවුල විනාශ කිරීමට උඩින් හා යටින් ක්‍රියාකරන ගමන් පෝප් ලවා බණ දේශනාකිරීම ලංකාවේ ජනාධිපතිට දිරච්ච ලණුදීමක් නොවේද? තමන්ගේ දෙමල නිජභූමියක් ලංකාවේ තිබෙනවායයි කියන චෙල්වනායගම් නම් ක්‍රිස්තියානිකරුගේ මතය අනුමත කරන කාඩිනල්, 13-ඒ ක්‍රියාවට යොදවන්න යයි කියන්නේ පවුල එකමුතුකරන්නද?  රනිල් විසින් ගෙනයන බොරු ප්‍රචාරයක් නම් 13-ඒ ක්‍රියාවේ යෙදවීමට අළුත් ආණ්ඩුව එකඟවීසිටිනවා යන්නය. මෙය බොරුවක් බව චම්පික රණවක පෙන්වා දේ. ලිච්චවි රජවරු මෙසේ බොරු කිව්වේ නැත.
කාඩිනල් විසින් වටිකන්වලට මාසිකව වාර්‌තා යවනවා නම් දන්වා යැවියයුතු දෙයක් වන්නේ 13-ඒ විසඳුමක් නොවන බව ඒබ්‍රහම් සුමන්තිරන් විසින් කියන බවය. සුමන්තිරන් වැනි ටී එන් ඒ එකේ ඉන්නා මධ්‍යස්ථ, රීසනබල් කෙනෙක් මෙසේ කියනවානම්, රනිල් හදන්නේ පිලිකාවට මස් කවා පිලිකාව සුවකරන්න හැකිය කියමින් සිංහලයා රැවටීමට සිතීම නොවේද? එසේ නැත්නම් රනිල් හදන්නේ 13-ඒ හරහා සුමන්තිරන්ලාට ඊලම් වේදිකාව සදාදීම නොවේද? මහින්ද රාජපක්‍ෂ කලින් කාඩිනල් හා එකතුව 13-ඒ වේදිකාව සදාදී ගියේය.

මේ පෝප්-කාඩිනල් එකගෙයි කෑමේ කතාවේ සවුත්තුම දෙය, බොදු බල සේනාව අන්තවාදී සංවිධානයක් ලෙස නොකියා කීමය. කාඩිනල් නියම සත්‍යය නොදන්නවා නොවේ.  මහින්ද රාජපක්‍ෂ රජය ඉස්ලාම් අන්තවාදය ලංකාවේ පැතිරයාමට ඉඩදී නිහඬව සිටියේ මුස්ලිම් චන්ද කෑදරකම නිසාය. ඒ මගින් සිංහලයාට, සිංහල බෞද්ධයාට වන විනාශය ගැන පෙන්වාදීම නිසා බොදු බලය ක්‍රිස්තියානි හෝ මුස්ලිම් මූලධර්‍මවාද සමග සමාන කල හැකිද?

ෂාරියා නීතිය ලංකාවේ පවුල්කෑමට ගැලපේද? පෝප් විසින් ප්‍රංශයේ ෂාරියා නීතිය අනුමත කරනවා යයි ඔහු ප්‍රංශයට දුන් අවවාදයෙන් අදහස් නොවේ. ඔහු කියන්නේ අහක යන නයි ඇඳුම ඇතුලට දා නොගන්නා ලෙස වැනි කතාවකි. එහෙත් ලංකාවේ තැන තැන ඉස්ලාම් ජනපද/බලකොටු පිහිටුවා ගැනීමට ඉඩ දිය හැකිද?

එක පවුලක් සේ සිටීමට ධනවත් කතෝලික පල්ලියෙන් කල හැකි දේවල් කීපයක්ම ඇත. ඉන්දියන් ජාතික ජුසේ වාස් ශාන්තුවරයෙක් වූයේ ලන්දේසිකාලයේ ඔහු ලංකාවට පැමිණ කතෝලික ආගම රැකගත් නිසානම් ඔහුට ඒ සඳහා රැකවරණය ලබාදුන් සිංහල බෞද්ධයින් හා සිංහල රජවරුන් අමතක කල හැකිද? අඩුතරමින් මේ නිසාවත් පෘතුගීසීන් ආගම වෙනුවෙන් ලංකාවේ කල මිනිස් සංහාරය ගැන පෝප්තුමාට සමාව ගන්නට ඉඩ තිබුණි.  ඒ වෙනුවට සිදුවූයේ ඉන්ටර්ෆේත් (සර්‍වාගමික) රැස්වීමක් වගේ දෙයක් කැඳවීමය. සර්‍වබලධාරී දෙවියෙක් පිලිනොගන්නා බුද්ධාගම හා ඒබ්‍රහම් හා සම්බන්‌ධ ආගම් අතර එකමුතුවීමක් විය හැකිද? මේ ඉන්ටර්ෆේත් හා බහු ජාතික කතාව නිසා සිංහල බෞද්ධයින් විශාල පිරිසක් මහින්ද රාජපක්‍ෂ මහතාට නැතිවිය.

Did ex-President Mahinda Rajapaksa turn Temple Trees into a Dog House?

January 30th, 2015

Prof. Hudson McLean

After an election, specially when the Party-in-Power gets booted-out, mud-raking is a global pastime. Every new incoming Leader and his followers first priority is to ram-in the negatives before any thing else.

In the case of the ex-President Mahinda Rajapaksa, MR deserves a better “Goodbye” handshake, for saving Sri Lanka from blood-shed of 30 years.

Neither CBK nor Ranil Wickremasinghe could do bugger-all to bring an end to LTTE Tamil Terrorism which, MR with the support of GR & General (?) Sarath Fonseka concluded in style. The Island is at Peace, but for how long?

All that ends well, did not end well with the hastily launched Presidential election, possibly based on the incorrect temperature of the electorate.

Whilst the dust is settling with the new President Maithri Sirisena, lots of garbage is being emptied on to the Internet about surprising goings-on with MR defunct leadership.

It was indeed bad news that MR’s brother Basil vamoosed in a flash to USA via Maldives. We all knew about the flash-Harry Namal Rajapaksa with his Lamborghini and other expensive toys behaving like “Robin” of BatMan fame.

Actually, it is most disappointing to hear about MR acting like a real-life BatMan with his car collection exceeding 1000 vehicles, and above all, 45 dogs being looked-after at Temple Trees by Naval personnel.

I am a lover of dogs. I have always had a dog or two since I was about 5 years old. My dog collection of one or two were Alsation, Golden Retriever, Boxer, Bulldog, Bullmastiff and Pugs. I fed them, took care of them until my companion passed away. But having 40+ dogs is not considered having a pet. It is almost like having a dog breeding programme or a Cruft’s Show in Colombo, at the official residence Temple Trees.

The the pets of his brother Gothabhaya were not for love but for show.

Was MR planning to open a second-hand car showroom and act as a car salesman? Actually, I would buy a car from MR. He has that honest face.

Next predicament for MR comes soon when the Parliamentary Elections gets into full swing. Will the current President as the Leader of the SLFP allow MR to enter the ring?

Will GR and Namal participate in fighting for a seat?

At this point, I leave the answers to my dear fellow scribes in LankaWeb to participate in this exciting forum.

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Good governance cannot be imported

January 30th, 2015

By Rohana R. Wasala

Courtesy The Island
These days, the phrase ‘good governance’ reverberates across the media reporting on Sri Lanka. It refers to a vague concept that is being used by the West and their opportunistic allies as a very effective weapon against our country to keep it destabilized for their own purposes, while trying to alienate us from the relatively more sincere friends in the region that we have had for over a thousand years. (Human rights violation charges are another weapon. Even when there are some genuine reasons for raising issues such as poor governance and rights violations, these are blown out of proportion to suit the attacker’s need.) We are in the ridiculous position of a dog that snaps at a stone thrown at it, being too distracted to see the stone thrower. A nuanced understanding of ‘good governance’ is a cogent necessity at this critical time. (The adjective ‘nuanced’ here means characterized by attention being paid to a number factors such as the different shades of contextual meanings that the phrase ‘good governance’ expresses, the usual assumptions that the idea is based on, the feelings behind it, the tone or attitudes it reflects, the intentions it probably conceals, and the subtle change of one shade of meaning into another as in the border between any two colours in the spectrum, etc.)
I have long believed that Mr Mahinda Rajapakse and Mr Ranil Wickremasinghe, despite their personal human failings, are the two most prominent non-communalist national political leaders that we can’t do without until they are made redundant in their roles by equally good or better ones. Both are national assets being products of long years of training (experience) in politics in this multicultural multiethnic country; they have both held responsible positions of political power and proved their mettle. This is why I wrote in an article about one and a half months before the last election: ‘The only available replacement for Mr Rajapakse at the present time, if he must be replaced, is Mr Wickremasinghe with all his deficiencies and past failures’ (The Island, 26 November 2014). However, ironically, it was by a conspiratorial denial of good governance to the people of Sri Lanka by the global powers that be on the one hand, and by a courageous assertion of national good governance (in the form of free and fair elections) by Mr Rajapakse on the other, notwithstanding allegations to the contrary, that Mr Wickremasinghe got the opportunity to become prime minister. The saving feature of the situation is that he is the most suitable person to hold that position in any case. It is not suggested that President Maithripala Sirisena subrogate him for the post that he was himself elected. Mr Sirisena is facing probably the most daunting challenge ever in his career at the moment. The challenge is to forestall the real or virtual division of the country by forging a truly democratic solution to the national problem that is acceptable to all the people of the country with the help of all the national, communal and regional parties represented in parliament.
The speeches made by President Sirisena and Prime Minister Wickremasinghe at Polonnaruwa recently hold out much hope for the future. Mr Wickremasinghe, while recalling how the founder leader of the UNP Mr D.S. Senanayake was assisted by Mr S.W.R.D. Bandaranaike in the development of agriculture in the area, stressed the importance of the UNP and the SLFP working together for the good of the country. This is true, because both these parties are national parties, not communal parties, and so they represent all the people who make this country their home. It is this sort of alliance between the two major parties that certain communalist politicians fear and seek to prevent. Mr Sirisena on his part warned that all those found guilty of pre- and post-election violence will be punished according to the law irrespective of rank or party affiliation; he expressed his determination to usher in a new political culture, and extended an emotional appeal to fellow SLFPers to join with him in serving the country.
The national problem can only be solved by a national leader who enjoys the support of the majority of the majority community and that of the minorities. A politician cannot hope to do that in a democratic way by kowtowing to the West because their interests are not our interests. Mr Rajapakse, while enjoying the support of the majority and the favour of a fair section of the minorities did everything possible, within the limited resources available to our poor country, to restore prosperity and normalcy to fellow Sri Lankans in the north and the east. But the expression of the authentic voice of the people in those areas was somehow thwarted by the intervention of opportunistic communal politicians at the behest of meddling outsiders. The people were made to cast their vote against Mr Rajapaksa rather than for Mr Sirisena. Mr Rajapaksa could have survived the attack on his presidency had he distanced himself from the criminal elements that he actually mollycoddled, instead of improving the day-to-day lot of the masses that had deteriorated as part of the price they were made to pay for the development of the whole country with special attention to the north and the east. It cannot be denied that the Rajapaksa brothers achieved much for the country by defeating terrorism and by initiating meaningful economic growth. Regarding the corruption charges leveled against them, they and the nation must not be denied justice. In any case, the various development programmes they started at great cost to the country should not be scuttled, and the independent policies adopted in the foreign relations arena should not be abandoned, while introducing timely adjustments where necessary.
The Rajapaksa regime was accused of poor governance. How serious is this charge? First we must consider the question ‘What is good governance?’. Good governance refers to processes for making and implementing decisions in managing human affairs in contexts that involve the exercise of power. The concept of good governance is inherently indeterminate. According to UN documents good governance has eight characteristics (presumably, in a well-governed country): It is consensus oriented (in decision making general agreement or majority opinion is sought); it is participatory (every member who is interested has the right to take part in the decision-making process); good governance asserts the rule of law (the decision-makers act within the powers given them by law, and stick to what is legally allowed); it is effective and efficient (the body or council makes the best use of the resources and time at its disposal for the maximum benefit of the community); good governance ensures accountability (the board or council is answerable for the results of its decisions and actions); it is transparent (people on whose behalf decisions are made and implemented must be able see how and why these decisions are taken, on what basis, and what advice, information etc were sought); it is responsive (the government/council must provide for the needs of the community to be met, balancing between competing interests); good governance is equitable and inclusive (every member of the community must be able to feel satisfied that their interests have been served in a fair manner; particularly, vulnerable groups must be able to participate in the decision-making processes).
The IMF (1996) declared “promoting good governance in all its aspects, including by ensuring the rule of law, improving the efficiency and accountability of the public sector, and tackling corruption, as essential elements of a framework within which economies can prosper.” According to the World Bank (1992), the nature of a country’s governance is affected by three aspects of society: 1.the type of political regime; 2. The process by which authority is exercised in the management of the economic and social resources with a view to development; and 3. Capacity of governments to formulate policies and have them effectively implemented. (Source for the information in this paragraph: Wikipedia)
There are other articulations and elaborations of the concept of good governance. In our own country, good governance or its equivalent has been a popular slogan frequently heard over the last four decades such as the late president JR Jayawardane’s ‘righteous society’, his successor Mr R Premadasa’s ‘dhammo have rakkhati dhammacarim’ (the dhamma protects whoever follows it), Mrs Chandrika Kumaratunga’s avowed push for ‘a society devoid of corruption and violence’ and former president Mahinda Rajapaksa’s ‘Mahinda Chintana model of governance’. Their attempts at realizing ‘good governance’ can be said to have achieved varying degrees of success, though none of them could escape criticism for alleged failures. The latest version of ‘good governance’ is the incumbent president Mr Maithripala Sirisena’s promised ‘maithri palanaya’ (ruling with loving-kindness), a public verdict on which is too early to expect.
All these five presidents elected to office since 1977 have deemed it necessary to uphold good governance as their central responsibility. Given their Buddhist religious background, something reflected in the very wording of the campaign slogans given above, the moral basis of their idea of ‘good governance’ can be said to derive from the dasa raja dharma (the ten kingly virtues) ideal taught in Buddhism. As well known, this consists of giving or generosity (dana), morality (sila), readiness to sacrifice personal comfort, benefit, even life for the good of the subjects (paricagga), personal probity, honesty, sincerity (ajjawa), gentleness, kindness (maddhawa), sensual restraint (tapa), freedom from hatred (akkodha), non-violence (avihinsa), patience, tolerance (khanti), and non-enmity, or non-opposition to the will of the people (avirodha). These principles are in the cultural DNA of our leaders as they are in that of those that they lead, whatever the level of fidelity they actually display towards those values as realized states. That is, politicians only pay lip service to Buddhist moral values, and are usually remiss in living true to them. However, the humaneness that underlies good governance, conceived though it is in different forms, finds an echo and confirmation in them.
I am suggesting here what I think is the moral basis of the Sri Lankan (i.e., ‘local’ as distinct from ‘global’) understanding of good governance. However humane and democratic such a conception of governance may be, that probably is not what is meant by the term in the West, but the soundness of the ‘morality’ that the ten principles constitute will find acceptance anywhere. The so-called international community apply usually Western parameters that are common to them when they judge the soundness of governance in a country of a non-Western region. This causes problems. While a well meaning government in a particular country is confident that it is doing everything to create good governance, it may be subjected to criticism for failing to meet standards set by the ‘international community’, as editors Eva Poluha and Mona Rosendahl argue in the book “Contesting ‘Good’ Governance: Crosscultural Perspectives on Representation, Accountability and Public Space” (2002). The fate of the Rajapaksa government might be an example.

The democratic system of government that humanity has increasingly settled upon over the past half a century is intact in Sri Lanka. Though there have been lapses in its realization, good governance is not critically absent either. The common opposition campaigned on anti-corruption platform. Now an opportunity has come for the government and the opposition to address the corruption issue together and also improve governance.

Open letter to President Mahinda Rajapakse

January 27th, 2015

From: Charles.S.Perera

Your Excellency,

 

We convey our deepest sadness at our failure to have mustered enough votes to retain you as the President of Sri Lanka for another fruitful period of development.  We miss you very much Your Excellency, we know that today we  breath as a free people without fear or constrain because of the  determination you had to eliminate terrorism despite  great risk to yourself.

 We are  therefore ever grateful to you for having unified Sri Lanka, part of which had been given to be kept under terrorist control under a CFA signed with the terrorists  by a former Prime Minister  Ranil Wickramasinghe, and for providing security with the a heroic  Armed Forces  strategically stationed from North to South and East to West of  Sri Lanka for us  to live without fear of another  resurgence of terrorism.

Your unexpected  defeat at the Presidential election, Your Excellency,  is a great loss to Mother Lanka which was making remarkable progress in development, and  stabilising the place it had carved under your leadership with the developing Nations of Asia, Africa, Latin America and Middle East and close friendship it had built with China, Russia, Iran,  Vietnam.  But now we begin to doubt the  sincerity of the relation India had with Sri Lanka under your leadership.  India perhaps on the advice of USA  wants to distance from us due to our very close friendship with China.

Your Excellency now it is quite evident that there was an unseen hand behind  the move to get the Tamils of the North, the Muslims of the East, and the Catholics to vote en mass to the common candidate of the opposition against you to assure your defeat at the election.

Nevertheless, various reasons are being adduced  by your antagonists with a view to create displeasure amoung the people against you, thus assuring their victory at the General elections.  They besides levelling accusations of corruption,  put your defeat at the elections to your  failure to have paid more attention to bring down the cost of living and neglected the poor. Your Excellency, in Sri Lanka there had never been a death by starvation during the 30 years of terrorism or ten years after that.

But this argument Your Excellency does not hold water, it is the result of an unintelligent perception of the situation.  Sri Lanka under your leadership was a fast developing country.  The standard of living  of the people was  improving. The poor were able to have electricity, pipe water, education facilities to their children.  They could improve their houses  cementing the floors  instead of  applying  mud and cow dung. 

Development always brings with it financial constraints as some facilities have to be sacrificed  to enjoy others. Water, electricity, transport etc. have to be paid for  which reduce the monthly family budget, forcing  reduction in food bills, and other every day needs. 

Of course the critics  refuse to understand that Sri Lanka was a poor country suffering under 30 years of terrorism, but being taken fast forward by a visionary leader ambitious to take Sri Lanka  further on the path of  development.  Given one more term Your Excellency, we are sure  you would have been able to  considerably reduce poverty and given the people more facilities to  improve further their standard of living, while reduing the cost of living.

Alas that was not to be, today the people of Sri Lanka are orphaned, except of course the Tamil people of the North.  Sampanthan, Sumanthiran, the TamilNadu and the Tamil Diaspora are gleeful.  They are getting everything they want beginning  with  the full  implementation of the 13th Amendment  as announced by the 100 day Prime Minister  Ranil Wickramasinghe,  while in the south there is still no Yahapalanay  but a  Vibhishanaya.

When you were there Your Excellency, every day we, the people get up to hear good news of  a new building or a School being opened ,  beginning the construction of high ways, opening a bridge  or a Mahindodaya building, or some such news of embellishment of Mother Lanka taking  her gradually to a future of hope and prosperity.

But today with the new Maitri Palanaya we open the news paper to see  some one of the previous government-that is your Government Your Excellency,  accused for some thing or another and  JVP marching up to the Bribery Commission  making allegations against  you Your Excellency, your children and now even  Ms. Rajapakse. 

Finance Minister Ravi Karunanayake , with a questionable back ground summoned to attend Courts for an alleged money laundering just on the day he is to present a Mini-budget to the Parliament, and  other questionable financial transactions, accused Gotabhaya Rajapakse for having kept  8 billion Rupee account in the BOC.  It was immediately proved wrong. But nevertheless he accuses him of irregularities.

Then there was another  accusation  against him for  running a floating armoury.  Then they raided Rakna Lanka Armoury at BMICH to pin it as well on your brother Gotabhaya Rajapakse .  The Maitri Palanaya is making  desperate attempts to find some fraud or criminal activity to  accuse Gotabhaya Rajapakse.  But to their chagrin they have found none.  Gotabhay Rajapakse Your Excellency is an excellent military officer, a man who selected Sarath Fonceka as the Army Commander when he organised the Armed Forces to begin their war against terrorism.  He would not have stooped to theft and misappropriation or engage in any activity that would  bring disrepute to himself and the Armed Forces. This some of these persons with tainted  hands would not understand.

The Maitri Palanaya has not given up, they  are still going on with an imagined  allegation that you were planning a military take over  of the government  to deny Maitripala Sirisena his presidency in a plan for you to stay in power.   They are involving every one including the Chief Justice, and G.L.Peiris as plotters of a military coup.   Unfortunately they have no proof, but that does not deter them.   All they want is News paper headlines and a media circus to bring disrepute to you, without allowing  you  media time to defend yourself or others around you.  Where is democracy ? Where is Yahapalanaya ?

They are doing that as it is the only way they can think of to make you unpopular amoung the people  and get them to vote against you,  and for  Ranil Wickramasinghe and the crowd at the coming general election. 

But none of these allegations have been proved, the UNP is only capable of this type of  mudslinging and character assassination.  In a resent interview the Sunday Leader (27.1.2015) had with M. Ganesh R.Dharmawardhane,  the Director General of the  Commission to Investigate  Bribery or Corruption, he was asked Why our country witness so much of corruption and bribery ? Mr. Dharmawardhane  had said ” I cannot provide an answer to that issue. According to international reports  in this field  Sri Lanka is better than others” 

In reality this temporary government of 100 day Prime Minister Ranil Wickramasinghe has done nothing for the benefit of the people and the country since its inception  on the 9th January, other than raking garbage in search of material to accuse some one or other of the previous government.

Your Excellency, we have nothing against the President Maitripala Sirisena, even though we do not appreciate how he worked his way to become the President of Sri Lanka.  Nevertheless, he was elected by a majority of the people and we salute that decision. 

However ,  the people of Sri Lanka the patriots  who sacrificed their children to save the country from being mutilated by a ruthless group of Tamil terrorists, are saddened that it was the vote of the Tamils  that tipped the scale in favour of   the President Maitripala Sirisena. It was the pre-arranged contribution of the Tamil National Alliance  for  the victory of the common candidate of the opposition. 

The  anti Rajapakse  Western hand that had been at work  is clearly seen now that a “regime  change” has taken place.  UE that imposed sanctions on grant of quotas for the apparel industry  is  now removing those  sanctions in favour of the changed pro western regime.

To-day the Tamil National Alliance which is the off shoot of Prabhakaran’s  terrorism  plays the tune  to which the temporary  Government of 100 day Prime Minister Ranil Wickramasinghe has begun to dance.  Though the President Maitripala Sirisena was sworn as the President  his voice has been muted by his Prime Minister Ranil Wickramasinghe and his Cabinet of Ministers-Mangala Samaraweera, Rajitha Senaratne.

Though much publicity is being given to Yahapalanaya and Maitri Palanaya, this  temporary100 day government has a super government  a Politburo called the NEC above it with a  “Gestapo” style investigating branch led by Anura Kumara Dissanayake of the JVP.

The Gestapo of Hitler’s Germany most often acted on information from “denouncers” to round up Jews and investigate their activities. Once the Gestapos get you they will go all out to condemn  you to Concentration camps , no amount of  evidence in your favour will be taken into consideration.  Anural Kumara Dissanayake’s JVP is not different-but he is a Gestapo who  alsoacts   like a bull in a China Shop. 

No wonder Anura Kumara Dissanayake of JVP is like that because cruelty is in his blood since  his JVP beginning they killed people in cold blood. They cut off heads  of  innocent people and stuck them on poles and planted them in front of the homes of the victims.  They  killed  any one without questioning .  Only crime  their victims had  committed more often was to have belonged either to the UNP or the SLFP.

Can we now expect any thing better from this uncouth individuals. JVP is now  going after the family members of the President  Mahinda Rajapakse.  Has JVP under the cover of Yahapalanaya  started their bloody revolution ?   It is strange that it is people with an unclean past that seek to accuse others

Some thought better of Champika Ranawaka but he  seems to be of the same mould as JVP Gestapo. Atureliye Ratana has gone a step forward.  He now says Your Excellency, that the credit for the elimination of terrorism does  not go to you alone , but to him as well.

Your Excellency  we will always remember you as  a dedicated patriot strong and determined not only to fearlessly hold yourself  against  your  local opponents,  but also against the  powerful Foreign forces  to protect your  country and your people.

But to-day  every thing you did to Mother Lanka to save her from the terrorists and lift her onto a higher pedestal of respect and global importance, with a strong armed force, to protect the country is being reversed. 

The UNP Ministers of the 100 day Government  even take credit   to vast development that has taken place in Sri Lanka.  Harsha de Sila a Deputy Minister says that the infrastructure projects were identified for implementation by Ranil Wickramasinghe.  But identifying  and taking the bold step to construct are two different   things.  Therefore the credit goes to the one who takes the bold step to construct and not to the one who identifies.

Your Excellency, your brother Gotabhaya Rajapakse  will be remembered for generations to come, for after the  heroic defeat of the terrorists freeing the country  and its people, he  used the heroic  soldiers of  our Armed Forces to make of them  the builders of the Nation. They were in the process of  changing the  landscape of Sri Lanka completely different from what it had been  before, to give it a scenic beauty in the midst of  economically prosperous cities in which the people are  united as a Nation. 

To make safe the country for generations to come even the young generation was in the process of being  trained in leadership  providing them with the ability to take up the role of protectors of the country in case of  dangers that would come to her from within and outside. In the process professions that were considered low were  re- evaluated and Armed Forces  were trained to take up the profession of builders and cleaners giving labour a respect hitherto unfound.  .

Even this great concepts are now in the process of change under Maitri Palanaya.  There is still a fundamental question which has not been broached in the calamitous situation we are faced with today.  The question is whether the Government which has been set up temporarily to fill the gap between the election of a new President  and the Parliamentary elections has the legal authority to make dramatic changes in  the administration of the country ? 

For instance Ranil  Wickramasinghe who has been named the Prime Minister by the President is not a Prime Minister of the people. Therefore he has no authority to announce that all parties have agreed to implement the 13th Amendement.  It is a very controversial issue and therefore the people have to be consulted  to have their consent.  It is true that you  Your Excellency had  announced once that you will implement  the 13th Amendment plus.   But you had left it at that without taking a decision surely as it  needs reflection, as it is not an Amendment prepared by Sri Lankans, but one written and presented by India to be introduced into our Constitution  in exchange for disarming the terrorists.

Hence it is not some thing that should be implemented in a hurry by a temporary government set up in exigence. This government also proposes to reduce its economic relations with China.

The Maithri Planaya or Yahapalanaya which is highly publicised is a  Dictatorsip, where they accuse persons without allowing them to defend themselves.  This Maitri Palanaya Government controls the media and no body is able to make any view contrary to that of the Government.  They take every possible occasion to accuse and ridicule every one connected with the Previous government. 

They accuse Gotabhaya Rajapakse for various  imagined activities. They want  the Chief Justice to step down.  They demand  the resignation of  the Chairperson of the UGC Kshanika Hirimburegama.  They complain against the Top Management of Titro Gaz . They have complained  against Wimal Weerawansa and Mrs.Weerawansa.  They have even raided the house of  Jackson Anthony as they say that he was connected to RajapakseThey have complaints against Yourself Your Excellency and your children.  Where is this going to end ?  

The people are given only the Maithjri Palanaya  version of news and there is absolutely no way of hearing the other side .  Their  news are mostly based on  vendetta,  on jealousy, hatred , anger and revenge.

The policy of this 100 day Yahapalanaya is to stop  all media access to the former President , his family and any one connected to them.  They should not be seen in the television, not heard in the radio, or should not be allowed to be read in the press.  If this is not a Dictatorship what is ?

Your Excellency people have enough of the Maitri Palanaya, please come back Mother Lanka needs you.

May the blessings of the triple Gem be with you and your family,

Thank you, Your Excellency,

 

Charles.S.Perera

This is an Open Letter to President Maithripala Sirisena and PM Ranil Wickremasinghe

January 27th, 2015

By Malin

Before appointing Arjun Mahendran as Governor of Central Bank, were you both aware of the his connection with Raj Rajratnam?

 

  • Current CB Governor Arjun Mahendran is a childhood friend of Raj Rajaratnam as admitted by him.

 

Here is evidence.

http://archives.dailymirror.lk/2005/07/12/ft/15.asp

 

Arjun Mahendran as a top banker (now CB Governor) while commenting about Sri Lanka Stock Exchange in the year 2005 has mentioned about his childhood friend Raj Rajratnam.

 

Quote The basic problem with Sri Lanka is it’s an illiquid market and it’s far too small for a typical international portfolio,” said Arjuna Mahendran, an economist at Credit Suisse Private Banking in Singapore and a childhood friend of Rajaratnam. “Raj doesn’t want to get his clients into Sri Lanka because it’s not an easy place to buy and sell stocks quickly.”Ünquote

 

  • Raj Rajaratnam currently is in Jail in America for insider trading.

 

  • Current Finance Minister Ravi Karunanayake alleged to have received $3 million dollars (Rs. 390 million) from Raj Rajaratnam contravening exchange control regulations. The case is being heard in the Courts.

 

A Veteran Journalist HLD Mahindapala has recently raised three salient questions in one of his articles in Colombo Telegraph;

 

Q6: Will there be attempts to cover-up the case?

Q7: As some of the key departments handling this case (example: Exchange Control) come under the Finance Ministry will there be pressure brought to manipulate/cook the evidence in courts? Remember, some of the files related to the administration of the CWE under Karunanayake went up in smoke?

Q8: Is this going to be the first of many cases that are likely to recur in due course to undermine the independence of the judiciary?

My question is “Can the new Governor of Central Bank withdraw the case?

Connection Arjun Mahendran> Raj Rajaratnam>Ravi Karunanayake.

Over to you Mr. President and Prime Minister.

CONSTITUTIONALLY IMPOTENT AUDITOR GENERAL OFFICE IS THE BANE OF OUR EXECUTIVE PRESIDENCY

January 27th, 2015

By Chandrasiri Atukorale

We are sick of hearing corruption allegations now being made against the former President Mahinda Rajapaksha. There, we see nothing but mere mud-slinging. Corruption and vices sprang in this country with the open economy we got under J.R. Jayawardena regime. When Mr. J.R. Jayawardena made the present constitution his desire was this: the Auditor General must be committed not to the constitution but to the Government of the day. We must not take things in politics at it’s’ face value.  Every issue in politics should be studied in conjunction with some other issues in politics. Things in politics are not easily understandable by the typical village farmer for he is not politically enlightened. There is nothing novel about trying to lay the blame at somebody else’s door and excite the base instincts of the ignorant people. It is against this background that analysis of Rajapaksha Government needs to be made.

See Article 154 (1) (2) (3) of the present Constitutions. This Article empowers the Ministers to appoint its’ own auditors to audit the accounts of their respective Ministries in consultation with the Finance Minister. Further Article 154 (3) says  ‘ the Auditor General shall also perform and discharge such duties and functions as may be prescribed by Parliament by law.

Whereas under the Soulberry Constitution Auditor General was a person independent of Parliamentary politics. See Article 71(2) of the soulberry constitution:  it says that the Auditor General shall report annually to the House of Repersentatives of the exercise of his functions under this Order. As the things stand at present, Business tycoons,           Parliamentarians and even cabinet Ministers often become involved in scandalous affaires linked with underground business. Why are we selective about persons, when it comes to the question of making corruption allegations? There were serious corruption allegations against all Rajapaksha predecessors who ruled this country in the past. Why then we blame Rajapaksha alone?

We must not waste too much time in exposing and demolishing false authorities and stereotypes of thinking. Here what we need is a logical analysis of fax.

The article said above has been framed in such way that it serves the narrow interest of corrupt politicians. In other word it is a door opened to corruptions. With the presence of such a provision as this in the constitution the public would become despondent with politics. Those UNP politicians who are very vociferous about wiping out corruptions have forgotten how corruptions were promoted by the previous  UNP regimes in the past.

Hence the most appropriate advice we can give them is that they should read

Ven. Ranasgalla Theros “Lokopakaraya”

“One who advises others to be virtuous

Should first conduct

Himself accordingly, Advices given by those with

Misconduct are just like

“Bana”  (Doctrine of Lord Buddah)

preached by Veddah ( who kills for their living)

දහතුන ධනත් එපා රීනත් එපා … කොහොමත් එපා

January 27th, 2015

ධර්මසිරි සෙනෙවිරත්න

දෙමල කොටි  ත්‍රස්තවාදී බෙදුම්වාදීන්ටත්  ඉන්දියානු රාජ්‍ය ත්‍රස්තයන්ටත්  තමන් විසින්  ලංකාවට  ගෙන ආ  කුලී කාරයන්ට  යන එන මන් සැපයීම ට  අවශ්‍ය   වූ ඉංග්‍රීසින්   උන් තමන්ට බරක් නොවෙනසේ  එහෙත් සිංහලයන්ට බරක් වෙනසේ  පදිංචි කිරීමේකාර්යයට  කල උප්පර වට්ටියක් වුත්  75% ක සිංහලයන්ට  කිසිදා අවශ්‍ය නොවූත්  ඔවුන්ගේ අදහස් වලට පට හානි වුත් 13 රටට  අවශ්‍ය වන්නක් නොවේ  මෙය බෙදුම් වාදයට රුකුල් දෙන්නක් මිස  විසදුමක් ද නවේ  වර්ධරාජා පෙරුමාල්  එය ඔප්පු කර පෙන්නුවේය  ජනපති බලතල මගින් එය ව්‍යර්ථ කළා මිස බෙදුම් වාදී න්  පසු බස නැත. උතුරේ  නැගෙනහිර මුස්ලිම් කාරයොත් එකතු වුනොත් එම පලාත්වල ජනමතයක් පමණක් පවත්වා  දෙක එකතුකර ස්වාධීනත්වය ප්‍රකාශ කිරීමේ ඉඩ ක් ඇතිබව  ගෝමින් දයාසිරි  නීති විශාරදයාද පෙන්වාදී ඇත. පොලිස් බලතල ඉල්ලා උසාවි යාමටද හැක  විනිසුරන් කලින් කලට  ගන්නා තීරණ මත  එය අනුමත වීමටද හැක ශිරානි බණ්ඩාරනායක වැනි විනිසුරෝ අලුතෙන් ද ආ හැක.
ත්‍රස්ත පාතාල මදාවියන්ට බියෙන් රටක් පාලනය කල නොහැක  නොකළ යුතුය  75% ක සිංහල ගසේ  එතී ඉන්නට සියයට 10-12 ක සුළු ජනයින්ට නොහැකි නම් එයම  බෙදුම් වාදයකි  තමන් විනාශ කල දෙමල හා මුස්ලිම් වරු නට  මේ සා  වරප්‍රසාද දී  ඇති  වෙනත් ජාතිය ක් මෙලොව නැත . මුස්ලිම් කාරයෝ   බලවත් වූ එකම රටක අනිත් උන්ට යනෙන් මන්  වත් නැත . 13 හා සමගාමීව  ඇතිකළ පළාත් සභා  රටේම ධනය කාබාසිනියා කරනවා පමණක් නොව මදාවියන්ට සනකෙලියක්ද වී ඇත. එක දිසාපති කෙනෙක්  මගින් කල කීදේ සඳහා මැති ඇමති  සිය ගණනක් යෙදීම අපරාධයකි  ඉඩම් බලතල දුන්නොත් මාස 6 කින්  උතුරේත් නැගෙනහිරත් සියලු ඉඩම් දෙමල හා මුස්ලිම් වරු විසි බෙදා ගෙන අවසන් කරනු ඇත.ඉන්පසු මොන ජගතාටවත් එහි සිංහලයන් පදිංචි කල නොහැක්කේ  ඉඩම්  ”’වද න්නට ” නොහැකි හෙයිනි කොළඹ අවටත්  උඩරටත්   දෙමල හා මුස්ලිම් වරුන්ගෙන් පිරී ඇත.සමස්ථ දෙමල ජනගහනයෙන් අඩක්ම ඇත්තේ කොලම අවටය . එහෙත් එකද සිංහලයෙකුටවත් උතුරේ ඉන්නට නොහැක  අපේ දේශ පාලුවෝ  එහත් ඉතින්  උතුරට ”””ෆුල් ඔටෝනොමි ”” දිය යුතුයය් කියති  උන් හිතන්නේ රට උන්ගේ අම්මා අප්පාගේ බුදලයක් කියාය  විදේශාධාර ලබාගෙන  උතුර හා නැගෙනහිර  බටහිර ගැ ති විශේෂ ප්‍රදේශ  ලෙස ”’ සංවර්ධනය”””’ කල හොත්  එදා සිට ඔවුන්  මුළු ලංකාවේම  සිංහලයන්ට කෙනෙහිලිකම් කරනු ඇත. සිංහලය න්  මබ්බොද  කිරීම සඳහා බටහිරයෝ එසේ ”’සංවර්ධනය ”” කරනු ඇත  රටේ ඉතිහාසය විකුර්තිකර එම පළාත්  වල  උගන්වනු ඇත  දැනට නීති විරෝධීව එය සිදුවේ  එය සිංහල අනාගතය අඳුරු කරවය්  සිංහලයා  බෞද්ධ වීම ඉන්දියානු හින්දුන්ට රුචිකර නොවේ  සිංහලයන්ට ඇති මහාර්ගම සම්පත  නම්   බුදු දහමය්  බුදු හිමියන්ගේ  අභිලාශය අනුව  සිංහලයන් අතර  එම දහම මෙතෙක් අපි පවත්වා ගතිමු බුදු . දහම උපන්රටෙන් එය අතුගා දැමු හින්දුන්  ගෙන් අපි ප්‍රවේසම් විය යුත්තේ  ඔවුන්ද  ආගම වෙනුවෙන් මිනී මරන්නට සුදානම් හෙයිනි  ඉන්දියාව අධිරාජ්‍ය වාදීය  චීනය නැත්නම් මෙලහටත්  ඉන්දියාව  අප විනාශ කර හමාරය  පරිප්පු දැම්මා මතකද රජීව් ට වූ දෙය  රට පාවාදෙන් අපේ දේශ පාලුවන්ටත් කවදා හෝ වෙනු ඇත .
වහා ම පැරණි ගම්සභා ක්‍රමය ස්ථාපිත කර බුධ්ධිමන්දල මගින් ගම්වල  ප්‍රශ්න නිරවුල් කිරීමේ ක්‍රමය ඇරඹිය යුතුය  ගම්සභා අහෝසි කල සු ද්දෝ පසුව එහි වටිනා  කම  අවභෝධ   කරගත්හ  . මතකයේ හැටියට නැවත ගම්සභා ස්තාපිත් කලේ  හෙන්රි වෝඩ් ය . පැරණි සාම මණ්ඩල ආදිය වැදගත්ය .තනතුරු  නිල  බල අවශ්‍ය  දේශපාලු  ආත්මාර්තකාමීන්ට මිස ජනතාවට නොවේ  ගමේ ප්‍රශ්න හැකිතරම් ගම්වසියන්ම එකතුවී විසදා ගන්නාවිට   රටේ මුදල්ද ඉතුරුය  මදාවියන්ට ඉඩද නැතිවේ  එනිසා  පළමුව ගම්සභා  වැනි  ආයතන ඇතිකර  සාමාන්‍ය ජනතාව ට එහි ඇති වදගත් කම අඟවා  පසුව බලලොභීන්ට තැන එන 13 අහෝසි කල යුතුය . සියලු ජාති හිතය් ශීහු ඒකරාශී වෙත්වා  විධායක ජනපතිත් නැතිකොට  තමන්    ඒකරාශී  නොවුනොත්  සිංහ  ලයන් ගේ රටෙන්   ඉතිරි   වනු  ඇත  ත්තේ සොච්ච මකී

Scientific energy saving cooking technique saves over 60% gas or electricity.

January 27th, 2015

Dr Hector Perera, England

My scientific energy saving cooking idea is not “spring chickens”, I experimented the technique for many years in order to improve the technique. When I came to England unlike in Sri Lanka, I had to sleep, study and cook in one room. That is because I couldn’t afford no more than a single room in a large house. One of my good friends bought a large house for his son and daughter while they were studying in England because he could afford but I couldn’t afford at the start.  I am sure everybody understand that cooking spicy food gives out plenty of smelly cooking aroma. I had to cook one or two Asian style curries and some rice in the room on a hot plate. Even from those days, I didn’t like to eat takeaway food on daily basis as they are too oily and salty. Not only that far too many chemicals as well are added to the food to give better flavour.

That time I was studying in Kingston Polytechnic but later it changed the name as Kingston University. One can imagine the smell of cooking aroma on the clothes when I cooked in the same room as I had to do all my work. Then thinking in the right direction, I found out how to control the escape of the cooking aroma then simultaneously, the idea of energy saving.

Practice is important

Who would think that famous footballers, cricketers, golf players, basketball players or any other sportsmen and women got the hang of the technique then never practiced it again and again to improve the technique, they constantly practice to improve the technique. Similarly I had to experiment it for years until I really got the idea of scientific energy saving cooking technique. I must say still I have to practice to keep in touch. In other words, I cooked different things repeatedly to get the technique correct.

Cooking aroma controlled and no burnt rice

When I invited the sustainable energy authority in Sri Lanka to witness scientific energy saving cooking technique, I was quite confident of my work. The Director General, The Director and two other top officials as well witnessed the method from the start. In other words, I cooked rice, chicken and lentil curry while they were watching, nothing to hide. There was no curry and chicken cologne to wear whereas most Sri Lankan ladies shower with this cooking aroma. Not only that there was no, “Dankuda” or burnt rice. Unlike those ladies, I didn’t open the vessels to stir while they were piping hot or didn’t check the water in the pot of rice. The officials were quite satisfied with the technique of my scientific energy saving cooking. I am glad to say within a matter of days, they issued me a certificate as well and approved my method. This was in May 2014 or in the month of Vesak.

Demonstrated to the public in Sirasa TV

That time we were holidaying in beautiful Sri Lanka. Fortunately, I had the chance to demonstrate my kind of energy saving cooking technique in a famous TV called SIRASA. The two well experienced presenters, one lady and a gentleman questioned about the technique in order to educate the public. Then we answered a few telephone inquiries as well. I must thank the film crew who filmed it in detail from the start to end. We were very close to the cooker where things were cooked but none of us got any curry smell on us because the method was based on science.

Many people can benefit by saving energy

I am sure nearly all Sri Lankans eat rice and curries almost on daily basis. If they could adopt my method, I am certain they are able to cook easily and save some energy as well. None of us get energy for free so why they should waste energy unnecessarily?

I was wondering what I would do to get more attention of the public. Have I got to run in nude like Archimedes or how about riding a white horse like Lady Godiva did with a long wig?  I am not allowed to run nude in public so I cannot do that! I would be arrested even before I go pass the front gate “Energy saving ideologist runs nude”, certainly it will hit the media headlines then I would get my message to the public. Unlike in the past, town criers, now in the time of new technology, fast media publicity, web sites, email marketing  and many more ways to let the public know your news, no need to run naked in the public,

British TV cooking

Sometimes I watch some cooking programmes in different channels in different days and time. There is a morning show as well where the chef cooks while the presenter lady conducts some interviews in a small studio. When beef, lamb or chicken are grilled or cooked, I am sure you have noticed some oily vapours escape. In the vapour there are chemicals and some of them are capable of depositing on anything, once they lose the kinetic energy. If cooking is done on regular basis, I am sure there should be oily, sticky deposits on the cooker base, the studio cupboards or even on anything near the cooker, not forgetting on the person who cooks and also the people nearby as well get this smelly oily cooking aroma deposited on them.  When cameras are focussed very close to the piping hot cooking vessels, it is likely to deposit some of them on the cameras and on the other expensive equipment’s as well. The studio is full of cooking aroma while they cook and nearly everybody have to inhale those unhealthy vapours for a while.

In fact British TV is full of cooking programmes. Sometimes there are about 6 chefs cook different dishes in order to win a title and convince the judges. I like the idea of helping the people in that kind of programmes. Sometimes the cookers are on full blast burning gas wastefully while giving out cooking aroma all over. Sometimes they catch fire or some of them set fire to draw the attention of the public. If that is the type of cooking they prefer, it is up to them. Some people look at the TV cooking shows for real entertainment so they set fire to the cooking pans in order to impress the viewers. I assume that none of them really help the viewers to improve their style of cooking at home.

 Spices have antibacterial, antifungal and medicinal values

To me all food are nothing but chemicals and they should be handled carefully. In all ingredients including any spices have volatile chemicals and the idea of adding them to fish, meat or vegetables are to get a better flavour. Some of the spices have antibacterial, antifungal and medicinal values but I wonder if some of the chefs have any idea of the correct use of ingredients. Just one thing, Cinnamon can lower the cholesterol levels in the blood and excess salt affects the high blood pressure, better keep off excess salt.

Whole nation can benefit by saving energy

After all if it works, it benefits everyone, the whole nation, save gas, electricity and also waiting time in the kitchen can be reduced then cuts down some environmental pollution as well. As Asians we must know how to cook rice.  If they are convinced then I can show how it applies to other things. The ladies who say that they have no time to cook, would really welcome my method, all they need is to see it clearly. I am prepared to demonstrate again my energy saving cooking.

Just imagine if one million people save about 60% gas or even more, every single day for three months then for a year, how much foreign exchange would be saved? So don’t you think I got something to offer?

They are good entertainers than chefs

In my opinion, in this country UK, these so called celebrity cooks are just entertainers, not quite educating the people. I assume that they don’t know any useful ideas of science that applies to cooking, just put this and that, make mistakes purposely and make the people laugh, sometimes say very rude words, set fire to cooking food, still they are paid very handsomely.

I am a qualified scientist, my arguments are based on scientific reasons, I would invite any scientist to witness my work and open to questions. I use scientific terms and explain to them how my work is based on these arguments but for TV and for general public, I would keep to simple explanations. If you have anything to say please email to perera6@hotmail.co.uk  Please don’t waste gas, wasting gas is really burning money, use gas efficiently!

How UNP Economic Policies Bring the Zimbabwe Calamity

January 27th, 2015

Dilrook Kannangara

Sri Lanka will be like Zimbabwe pretty soon if UNP remains in power and in control of economic policy and finance. This is driven by UNP’s China-averse policy driven by its Indian and US backers. Only China can sustain Sri Lanka economically and if the China support is taken out, the Sri Lankan economy collapses. With $55 billion loans and annual loan servicing of $8 billion (including mandatory repayment of the principal) it is no easy task sustaining the economy. Loan repayments and interest payments take 40% of government expense budget. This has been the case since 2012 but why it will bite us?                            
                                                            
The answer lies in how the repayments were managed. Sri Lanka always had a trade deficit which means our foreign currency earnings were less than our foreign currency payments. To fund this deficit, the government since 1977 relied on three things. These are: selling off public owned enterprises to international investors (e.g. Sri Lanka Telecom), borrowing more to retire old debt and make repayments and bringing foreign money for projects that can be used to repay loans and interests. The last government relied very heavily on the last option because there are no public enterprises left that would fetch enough money from a foreign investor.
                                                                                                   
Chinese government lenders don’t follow market based investment appraisal. Instead they rely on strategic value. As a result cities have been built in China without people! Mattala and Hambantota are no surprises. As Chinese funds flowed in, they were used in foreign loan repayment. To keep this going, more and more projects with no real value were started. This loan-to-loan trap was getting worse by the year. It was very bad economic management by the former economic affairs minister. However, it saved the economy from a worse calamity – the collapse of the rupee and net foreign reserves.
                                                                                                         
What will happen when generous Chinese loan facilities dry up thanks to the UNP government restricting them? The rupee will collapse unable to repay loans and meagre foreign currency reserves will dry up. Cost of goods will go up massively. Many businesses and the government will collapse. Riots and unrest will rule.
                                                                                       
IMF, the World Bank and other lenders are not willing to lend for unprofitable projects. They certainly don’t lend to retire old debt. As such, Sri Lanka will struggle to repay loans and interest to say the least. Discussions the new interim finance minister had with the IMF on January 21st failed. However, the UNP government shows a false sense of upbeat.
                                                                            
IMF might lend assistance to overcome the problem but not without very unpopular and restrictive austerity measures.
                                                                            
This is why the UNP finance minister held talks with the IMF more than a week before finalising the budget and the fuel price drop. IMF strongly advises not to allow any public concessions like the fuel price drop and salary hike. IMF also pressures the government to cut down the public sector. But election pressure is driving the UNP government to the brink. Its short-sighted action will cost even more.
                                                                  
If UNP’s anti-China policies continue, the rupee and foreign reserves will collapse within a year. If it embraces China, it’s Indian and US backers will not keep silent. It is a catch-22 situation.
                                                                             
UPFA must educate voters of the impending UNP economic calamity, the intending cuts to public sector employment and unpopular IMF austerity measures. It can form a significant part of the UPFA election campaign that can turn tables on the UNP. The opposition should also block all government avenues to sell national assets and interests in a desperate bid to make the ends meet. If China is to protect its heavy investments in economic and geopolitical spheres ensuring open transmissible sea lanes which benefits all, it must learn the art of regime change and work with willing collaborators in countries of interest.

Did over 30,000 soldiers sacrifice their lives for politicians to divide the nation?

January 27th, 2015

 Shenali D Waduge

The people of Sri Lanka have short memories. They have forgotten decades that bore bloodshed, fear and destruction. That past cannot be forgotten. That past is replete with remnants that continue to plague the nation requiring it to remain under eternal vigilance. Do we want to sacrifice and reverse all that we have gained for petty political points and be checkmated by those that have been conspiring for years to divide our nation? Do we not remember that it was our own that ceded the nation to the British in 1815 and we were almost on the verge of doing so in 2002 and now 200 years later we are again facing that same betrayal and the nation is looking with great apprehension at what the future holds.

 

Genesis of the Tamil problem

The divisions that former colonies today suffer from were those created by colonial rulers under a strategy known as ‘divide and rule’. Nonetheless, what cannot be omitted from the Eelam call whether it is by terrorists or Tamil politicians is its connection to the Eelam quest by Tamil Nadu where 72m of the worlds 76million Tamils live, thus Tamil Nadu is by virtue of its name the land of the Tamils not anywhere else.

 

Tamil leaders since early 1920s have been voicing their desire to live separate of Brahmin-controlled India – a concept promoted by the Justice Party (South Indian Liberal Federation) in 1921. This led to the Justice Party bringing a resolution stressing Tamil people’s right to a separate sovereign state under the direct control of the Secretary of State for India in London and led to the demand for a separate Dravida Nadu state (encompassing Tamil speaking states of Andhra Pradesh, Kerala, Karnatak and Tamil Nadu). The British delegation (Cripps Mission) that came in 1942 refused the request for a separate Tamil state upon Indian independence.

 

A month before India gained Independence, Tamil leaders celebrated “Dravida Nadu Secession Day” which Mahatma Gandhi and Jinnah opposed leading to India gaining independence on 15 August 1947 without giving Tamils their separate state. In 1949 the DMK – Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam was formed continuing calls for a Dravida Nadu and that same year under Chelvanayagam the Federal Party was formed in Sri Lanka whose English name was meant to camouflage its meaning of a separate Tamil state.

 

In India the Dravid Nadu supporters used the slogan Brahmin discrimination while in Sri Lanka the slogan was Sinhala discrimination. In 1950s the Tamils dropped calls for Dravida Nadu (since it included other states) and from “Dravida Nadu for Dravidians” the slogan became “Tamil Nadu for Tamils”. When India weakened the separatist movement through the States Reorganization Act (along linguistic lines) in 1956, the same year Sri Lanka introduced the Sinhala Only Act which gave the perfect excuse to build the momentum. The people of Tamil Nadu realized that the “Tamil homeland” calls was nothing but a tool being used to emotionally attach Tamils together by politicians to win votes that realization has yet to dawn upon Sri Lankan Tamil voters. DMK dropped the separatist demand in 1963 but India’s Central Government craftily used the Tamil factor to start militant groups covertly in Sri Lanka so that India’s Tamil Nadu would be safe from separation and India could keep Sri Lanka’s development and political leaders under Indian noose.

 

India is a separate state as is Sri Lanka, therefore India has no locus standi to comment on citizens of another country even though they are Tamil.

 

It was India that failed or neglected to hear the voice of Tamils for their own homeland and self-determination at the time of decolonization. That homeland for Tamils based on self-determination is what India has denied Tamils and not Sri Lanka. What India did was to palm off their headache to Sri Lanka. India did this by clandestinely training unemployed Tamil youth in India including Prabakaran and then arming, financing and supporting them to create mayhem in Sri Lanka. The 1983 was a planned and orchestrated event to launch Tamil militancy with a legitimacy argued on the basis of riots against Tamils and this paved the way for economic asylum seekers to emerge forced to fund the LTTE while over the years that plan digressed and became hijacked by western sources using NGOs and the Church to advance their geopolitical agendas using the LTTE.

 

As things stand it looks as if Tamils are satisfied in simply shouting for Eelam and enjoying the benefits of what can accrue from the bargaining power they possess internationally and locally rather than really start of running a state of their own knowing the hurdles likely to come their way. Nonetheless, the foreign conspirators in this probably have other plans and eelam is just a tool to meet the end objective. This is where political acumen is required to ruffle the necessary feathers.

 

Sri Lanka’s politicians require education to be able to understand where their apples should be put. Having said that it was asking too much of western educated, converted, English speaking and Western thinking local post-independent leaders to reverse the status quo in particular the reverse discrimination that should have been meted out to the Sinhalese above all others.

 

The British took over the nation of Sinhale (not Ceylon or Sri Lanka)

Let us note that the 1815 Kandy Convention ceding Sri Lanka to the British was signed between the British and the Sinhale Nation and assured that the State religion Buddhism would be protected by the British. This clearly establishes that there was no Sri Lanka or Ceylon but the Sinhale Nation. Our Leaders have failed the Sinhala people in not demanding in 1948 or in 1972 that the nation should return to its original name Sinhale as it was known before ceding power. Over the years on the pretext of co-existence the Sinhalese have had to compromise their space while minorities have not cared to budge from their demands.

 

We have had death and misery because for decades the leadership lay in the hands of people who purported and suffered from an ‘unwinnable war syndrome’ believing that the only way to deal with terrorists was to appease and prostrate before them and we see the repetition of that happening with the same unwinnable war proponents usurping governance from an elected President.

 

True, people make mistakes and should be given a second chance but the back-door entered PM and his 55 Ministers appear to be reversing all that the country has gained and continuing to wish to follow the same appeasement policy likely to lead to dire consequences for the nation. Formerly we dealt with a terrorist movement that reserved the nation’s right to militarily defeat them. Now we are faced with a scenario that the unwinnable war proponents are flirting with the idea of dividing the nation just to please people that have helped them enter from the back door.

 

Separatism camaflaged under bogus terminology – self-determination, discrimination by Sinhalese, claims of ‘genocide’, claims of ‘colonizing’ ‘Tamil areas’, ‘ethnic cleansing’ have been part of a very systematic propaganda effort towards the goal. This goal started not with the LTTE and not even through the Vaddukoddai Resolution but far before independence and finds its roots to and is linked with Tamil Nadu’s desire to separate from the British created ‘India’.

 

Daya Gamage’s latest article titled Sri Lanka new regime focuses on Tamil Homeland – Two Nation Concept http://www.asiantribune.com/node/86293 speaks of Ranil Wickremasinghe looking at returning to the Thimpu Principles of 1985 giving Tamil Homeland under a one-country-two nation concept.

 

The Tamil militant groups, LTTE and TULF placed as their demands

(a) recognition of the Tamils of Ceylon as a nation

(b) recognition of the existence of an identified homeland for the Tamils in Ceylon

(c) recognition of the right of self determination of the Tamil nation

 

Surprise, surprise, these were the identical demands placed by TNA in 2001 and repeated throughout all of its election manifestos.

  1. a) Recognition of Tamils as a distinct nationality
  2. b) Recognition of a Tamil Homeland with guaranteed territorial integrity
  3. c) Recognition of the inalienable right of self-determination of the Tamil nation.
  4. d) Recognition of the right to full citizenship and fundamental democratic rights of all Tamils

 

What is surprising is that Sri Lankan governments have ignored to use the constitutional provisions in place to deal with TNA. 6thamendment to the

Constitution Article 157A specifically prohibits any violation of Sri Lanka’s territorial integrity, it prohibits political parties or associations/organizations from having as one of its aims and objectives the establishment of a separate State within the territory of Sri Lanka, there are provisions available to convict any of violating these provisions and the punishment to be given is stated clearly. Political parties can be proscribed for attempting to separate so why has no action been taken against the TNA to date? Why have political leaders chosen to ignore that MPs take the Oath of Allegiance which promises to not directly or indirectly in or outside Sri Lanka, support, espouse, promote, finance, encourage or advocate the establishment of a separate State. The TULF walked out of Parliament in 1983 refusing to take this oath. http://www.lankaweb.com/news/items/2012/06/27/sixth-amendment-to-the-constitution/

 

What is at stake

Not many may be aware that Gen. Fonseka was selected as Army Commander just 10 days before his retirement to do what former commanders had not been delegated to do. The war effort was a combination of political leadership and military leadership synergized with a nation spurring its forces with blessings and encouragement.

It is only those that contributed to the war victory giving Sri Lanka peace that deserve and have a right to stake claim in the victory. All those who sat claiming the tigers were invisible and had to be molly-cuddled deserve no place for they chose the enemy over our heroes.

 

All those that today talk of doing the right thing by the nation were cowards to come forward to defend the nation. It was the youth from the South that came forward in numbers enlarging the military to 200,000 by 2009. It is the blood and sacrifice of these soldiers that won us the war not those now claiming to work out ‘solutions’ in Geneva obviously following the same line of appeasement that they are used to.

 

Over 30,000 soldiers have perished and a similar number remain injured for life. Their lives were lost and damaged not to have unwinnable war proponents emerge to carve out the country to suit their fancies. They were never elected to office to change the demography of the country. People with soiled hands cannot be judge especially when their guilt in not standing by the men that defended the nation but taking the side of the tiger stand out as reminders of their unsuitability to lead. People are judged by their actions. In officially allowing a terrorist entity to have terrorist controlled areas, in disclosing names of Sri Lanka’s intelligence and thereby facilitating their deaths, in removing checkpoints that exposed the security the catastrophe was seen after 2002 and the same mistakes are being repeated while the same advisors that were part of that former government are also placed in significant roles while the LTTE’s conspirators abroad and their mouthpieces in Sri Lanka are now salivating on when these unwinnable war proponents will sign and give away the nation.

 

Should those realizing the mistakes of the past not come forward to realize that the sacrifices of the men to save the nation should not be ridiculed in the manner that a handful of politicians are now planning to freely deliver what the soldiers sacrificed their lives to deny.

 

With no changes to the constitution yet made, it is puzzling that the President is now in silent mode while all executive powers are being exercised by a PM and with the question how can this happen unanswered they are purporting to solve the national problem without telling the people what the problem exactly is.

 

What we would like to know from those solving the national problem is what is it that the Sinhalese only enjoy which the Tamil minority has been legally and constitutionally denied. With this question yet to be answered and people uncomfortable to provide the answer why should the country suffer by dividing it while Tamils and even Muslims wish to claim land rights for only their own while also demanding they have access to the rest of the country’s land as well which indirectly connotes to mean Sinhalese debarred from North and in time to come the East.

 

Nonetheless, the bottom line is that this country has been preyed upon and flogged enough. The people have had enough of politicians falling for carrots and agreeing to give bits and pieces of the nation that does not belong to them.

 

We have again returned to anxious times when people who love the nation are wondering what deals those that have taken over governance are conspiring without appraising the people first.

 

If Sri Lanka were to agree to hold a domestic inquiry it must cover all aspects of how Tamil militancy emerged, the local and international players involved from inception, the Eelam concept and its political marriage to a terrorist movement thus links to LTTE of all players involved (individuals, Sinhalese, Tamils, Muslims foreigners, International organizations, international players, the Church, kovils etc) need to all be investigate and these cannot be done in a year or two and if those that were associated with the LTTE were to provide the funds it does not require any imagination as to where the investigation will end up!

Its time people started paying more attention to the security of the nation – without that there is no nation.

Now that it’s over

January 27th, 2015

Laksiri Warnakula

A salutary remark
Our beloved land still exists, undivided and should I say not very much united? However, the credit for preserving what Sri Lanka has been for thousands of years in its entirety should go to Mr M. Rajapaksa.  And the ones, who try to belittle what he did in that regard, are doing something not right. After all, he did not kowtow to the west or bend down in the face of enormous pressures brought on him, both within and without.
I do not want to write anything about ‘why Mr Rajapaksa had to go’. Most of us know that and agree on what he shouldn’t have done. That’s why he lost the election.
So far, that is till the 09th of of this month
They all went one way or the other. And they, at least for some time brought hope and dreams of a wonderland, to people like you and me.
The vanquished became subjects of relentless criticism for things done, undone and not-done at all during their reign, up until the election fever subsided. Later they would keep coming back again and again, when many a promise given to the people at the election-campaigning could not be fulfilled, leaving only the customary blame-game for us to watch and weep in silence.
The victorious came out with new agendas for nation building and of course the commissions. There were lots of them. And they achieved next to nothing.
From present to the future
Dear Mr President, I am an ordinary Sri Lankan and am not an expert in political-economy or economical politics! However, please allow me; governing our nation with ‘good governance’, which was your election motto could be made much easier, if you can do a few things in the direction of disciplining our politicians.
We need a whole new definition to the term ‘politician’ and a new code of conduct for them. It must be drilled into them that they are only servants of the public and not the masters. The deadly transformation of them becoming (once elected) tacticians, technicians, magicians, martial artists, con artists and what not, all rolled into one, must be eliminated once for all.
Their interference in anything else other than matters that they are responsible for must come to an end. They also need to be made accountable for what they do, in your name, in party’s name or whatever.
Please bring in new legislature, so that our commission for investigating bribery and corruption can question and look into matters relating to their wealth and assets at any time. This should be extended to cover all public servants.
It is quite sad to say that nowadays and more often than not, there is always someone in power, big or small behind most of those acts of corruption and lawlessness.
Lastly, please ask them to keep their families and friends away from their offices. Although nepotism and cronyism are not new to politics in many a country in the world, our country just over a few decades surpassed many of them in this regard.
And please advise them to talk to their kith and kin not to let it get into their heads; a puffed-up sense of self-granted power and authority that would make them act like they are now above everything and everybody under the sun that shines on our nation.
We can take our cue from the west, here (at least this is one thing that is good about them). If you ask any Englishman, Frenchman, Australian or any other westerner, what their PM’s or President’s children look like or what they are doing, a good majority of them would look at you with blank or amused faces that if interpreted in to words could only be saying ‘we don’t know’.
Mr President, If you can make this happen, you will then have achieved something that would indeed pave way to make our beloved land a miracle, not only of South Asia, but of the whole world.

 

A Stark Revelation That Probably Has Frightening Implications Towards The Well Being Of Sri Lanka

January 27th, 2015

In Retrospect By Sarath Kumara

January 24th 2015
 

The following item carries startling as well as revealing information about how the unitarity of the Sinhala Nation once again may have been  compromised through covert cunning and how the voting was manipulated to appease Western Powers through Indian involvement and the craftiness of Chandrika Kumaratunga and Ranil Wickremasinghe! This also points to a conspiracy of major proportions.So how can the nation trust such opportunists if this is verifiably true regardless of the Chinese angle and the various interpretations which deemed it unsavoury~ not for the Nation of Sri Lanka but those who mulled China’s empathy towards Sri Lanka as detrimental to their own agendas including India!?
 And in the greater picture one might be inclined to ask” So what has India done for Sri Lanka in a positive sense that could come within even a fraction of the astronomical assistance provided by China towards what Sri Lanka is today?
Will Sirisena and his allies now reach out to India to reconstruct the Adam’s Bridge at Talaimannar so that Tamil Nadu could have free and unlimited access to saving the “poor suffering Tamils ” while also helping themselves to a piece of the action  they have longed for during generations  yet thwarted by Sri Lanka’s Sovereignity conscious leaders who have kept India at bay?
 
While there is popular belief in Sri Lanka that the Election was manipulated through extraneous as well as internal conspiratorial means  this item seems to confirm it as well as suggest the manner in which it was done.
As it is a well known fact that both Chandrika K and Ranil  W were waiting for just such an opportunity, it is bewildering as well as alarming that such manoeuvring was so easily accomplished and exposes them as well as their allies including Maithripala Sirisena for the bunch of conniving opportunists they are and always have been.
 
Certainly not a good prospect for the well being of Sri Lanka where based upon the sinister moves pointed out here it may also be an opportune time to make amends and scuttle them out of power as well as any appreciable control of the Nation’s administration at the forthcoming General Elections before greater harm is done to the Nation. 
 
Already there are signs that these are not compassionate tolerant people but some  hell bent on extracting revenge, invading the privacies of dignified past Administrators using thuggery and intimidation and undoing much good done by the Rajapaksa Administration from many perspectives that brought recognition to Sri Lanka.
It is as though the present setup is spankingly clean where some of the Sirisena crew also carry dubious track records and shamefully so where in a recent news item they have been described as nincompoops, morons, criminals and thugs and perhaps not far from the truth although these descriptions in a general sense seem to be a feature of most incumbent rulers in varying degrees where once again no one is spankingly clean!!
 
Most unfortunately towards the metaphor, some of them are indeed traitorous, dangerous as well as untrustworthy individuals who now claim power in Sri Lanka using the Mahinda Rajapaksa Administration’s lapses as as excuse towards what could be a projection of huge inconsistencies, security lapses as well as a massive dent in the nation’s economy if self centered pseudo legislators such as these are allowed to continue their power hungry way with their usual bi-furcated idealogies and forked tongued insinuations and incrimination in a disgusting betrayal of trust and patriotism that suggests only self centered motivations.
 
It now appears to be plainly visible that these are not individuals to whom the Nation can be entrusted towards smooth functioning, posterity, a continuation of the growth patterns initiated by the previous Administration globally acclaimed, as well as securing  Sovereignity, Security and Territorial Integrity being individuals whose past track records have always indicated their incapacities towards, bunglings and shortcomings extending to more than a single term in office.
Hopefully the previous administration would have by now learned where they went wrong albeit bitterly and regretfully where there is always the possibilities that Mahinda Rajapaksa will once again rise as a Phoenix from the ashes of this connived defeat to be the true leader of Sri Lanka  and make amends where there are many who continue to love, admire and respect him despite his shortcomings and the likes of Chandrika and Ranil are reviled with the latest to be categorized thus being none other than Maithripala Sirisena himself who has also chosen a group of individuals dangerous to the well being of the Nation and the Sinhalese community in all likelihood of being  imperilled and  dictated to by the vicious terrorist clan the LTTE ever in readiness to re- emerge and their sympathetic pseudo political backing the TNA as well as the Tamil Diaspora.The rhetoric emerging from the Sirisena camp certainly seems to be indicative of this!
But of course the art of Thespianism is not beyond anyone in the political climate of Sri Lanka today, quality notwithstanding where oratory of the highest calibre has been known to fool the masses in the past and seemingly quite apparent in the present.
 
The contents of this item need to be viewed not only with great trepidation and anxiety but also prudently in reading between the lines as to how the imminent dangers that may transpire at the hands of such administrators must now be thwarted while the previous Administration needs to be contrite about how such an eventuality ever transpired during its tenure. Much of it in the end perhaps attributable to Sinhala folly!
 
A danger that could prove to be eventually far worse that the LTTE and their Tamil Nadu sympathisers combined!
It is indeed a chilling prospect where once again there may be an opportunity for the true son of Lanka and his team to play a redemptorist role in the foreseeable future as the soothsayers predict!
 
.

* * * * * * * *
 
Courtesy of RAW
 
By K. Ratnayake
21 January 2015
 
Fresh evidence has emerged pointing to a concerted international effort behind the defeat of Sri Lankan President Mahinda Rajapakse in the country’s presidential election on January 8.
Reuters reported on Sunday that the Colombo station chief for India’s external spy agency, the Research and Analysis Wing (RAW), was recalled to New Delhi before the election, following complaints by the Sri Lankan government that he was helping the opposition parties.
India rejected any suggestion that it meddled in the Sri Lankan election. External Affairs Ministry spokesman Syed Akbaruddin insisted that the diplomat was recalled as part of a “normal transfer” after a three-year tour of duty in Colombo. The Reuters report, however, based on “political and intelligence sources” in India and Sri Lanka, said Colombo asked New Delhi to recall the agent “for helping gather support for joint opposition candidate Maithripala [Sirisena] after persuading him to ditch Rajapakse’s cabinet.”Sirisena, a senior cabinet minister, defected to the opposition in November, immediately after Rajapakse announced the date for an early presidential election.
Sirisena declared that he would run as the joint opposition candidate. The move was prepared well in advance by former President Chandrika Kumaratunga and opposition leader Ranil Wickremesinghe, head of the pro-US United National Party (UNP). UNP leaders discussed this “election strategy” with senior US and UK diplomats in Colombo during early November.It is no surprise that India was also on board. Since the end of the communal war in Sri Lanka against the separatist Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) in 2009, New Delhi, like Washington, has been deeply hostile to the Rajapakse government’s economic and strategic relations with China. In 2013, India supported a US-sponsored resolution in the UN Human Rights Council to investigate war crimes in Sri Lanka as a means of pressuring Rajapakse to distance himself from Beijing.
According to Reuters, India was “stunned” when Chinese submarines docked twice in Colombo last September. An Indian security official told the news agency: “The turning point in the relationship was the submarines. There was real danger.” Alarm bells would also have rung in Washington. As part of its “pivot to Asia” to secure its hegemony in Asia, the US has been preparing war plans against China, premised on American naval supremacy in the Indian Ocean that would enable the US to cut off Chinese imports of energy and raw materials from Africa and the Middle East.The first suggestion that India was intervening in the Sri Lankan election was a brief item in the Colombo-based Sunday Times on December 28. It reported that allegations that “RAW’s Colombo station chief K. Ilango had links with the Common Opposition may have cost him his job in Colombo.” According to this report, Ilango’s normal term of service was over, but New Delhi had extended it. However, he suddenly received transfer orders after the Sri Lankan government urged his recall.The Sunday Times report was ignored during the election campaign. Both Rajapakse and Sirisena only hinted at their sharp differences over the alignment of foreign policy. They stifled a debate that could have alerted working people to the acute dangers posed by Sri Lanka’s growing entanglement in geo-political rivalries. Rajapakse, who sought to whip up nationalist sentiment by portraying himself as the victim of an “international conspiracy,” did not want to offend the India, the US and their co-conspirators by providing details of the plot.Sunday’s Reuters article cited an Indian official who said the then Sri Lankan defence secretary, Gotabhaya Rajapakse, complained about “the agent’s activities to Indian National Security Adviser Ajit Doval” when Doval visited Colombo in late November to attend a defence seminar. After Doval’s return to New Delhi, the RAW station chief was recalled.During his visit, Doval not only met with Mahinda Rajapakse and his brother Gotabhaya but also with Wickremesinghe, Sirisena and Kumaratunga.
No details were reported, but undoubtedly Doval discussed India’s concerns over Rajapakse’s government, as well as the opposition’s election plans.Reuters provided details of the RAW agent’s activities, without actually naming him. According to Reuters sources, he was involved in “facilitating meetings to encourage several lawmakers, among them Sirisena, to defect from Rajapakse’s party.” The agent also played a role in convincing Wickremesinghe not to stand against Rajapakse, in order to make way for “someone who can win.” A Sri Lankan parliamentarian told Reuters: “They actively were involved, talking to Ranil [Wickremesinghe], getting those things organised, talking to Chandrika [Kumaratunga].
“Kumaratunga was the linchpin of the plot. A major figure in Rajapakse’s Sri Lanka Freedom Party, she had strong links to Sirisena and other MPs who defected. At the same time, she had close ties in Washington, including to the Obama administration, through her lengthy association with the Clinton Foundation.Wickremesinghe has not denied meeting with the RAW station chief, as well as the Indian High Commissioner in Colombo. His spokesman told theReuters that “they discussed the current political situation” but denied the Indian officials had “advised” Wickremesinghe.
Kumaratunga has remained silent on her discussions with the Indian agent.New Delhi played a significant role in lining up political support for Sirisena via the Tamil National Alliance (TNA), the main party of the Tamil ruling elite in Sri Lanka. For weeks, the TNA held off making any announcement about the presidential election. But after a trip to New Delhi by TNA leader R. Sambandan, the party openly backed Sirisena, helping to swing Tamil votes in the North and East behind the opposition candidate.Having won the election, Sirisena quickly shifted foreign policy to end Sri Lanka’s “international isolation”—in other words, to move closer to India, the US and its allies. Foreign Minister Mangala Samaraweera’s first overseas trip was to New Delhi this week. Sirisena is due to visit India next month.In New Delhi, Samaraweera dismissed the Reuters report, declaring that “the people” toppled the Rajapakse regime in a popular uprising, which he compared to the “Arab Spring.” In fact, what happened was a carefully planned operation, backed by the US and India, to exploit widespread opposition to the autocratic Rajapakse government by falsely portraying Sirisena as the “democratic” alternative. Sirisena, Wickremesinghe and Kumaratunga represent layers of the ruling class hostile to Rajapakse’s cronyism and pro-China tilt. They will be just as ruthless in attacking the basic democratic and social rights of working people.The implications of the US and India intervention into the election are not limited to Sri Lanka. As geo-political tensions intensify, the ousting of Rajapakse makes clear that Washington will not tolerate any opposition and will resort to any means to secure its objectives, as it intensifies its preparations for war against China.


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