දන්ත චිකිත්සකවරියන්‍

September 15th, 2017

වෛද් රුවන් එම් ජයතුංග 

අපගේ විද්‍යාලයේ දන්ත ශල්‍යාගාරයක් හෙවත් ඩෙන්ටල් එකක් තිබුනේය​. මෙම ඩෙන්ටල් එකේ සේවය කලේ දන්ත චිකිත්සකවරියන්‍ ය​. ඔවුන් අති විශාල සේවාවක් පාසල් ළමා ප්‍රජාව උදෙසා කළහ​. අහේතුවකට මෙන් ශ්‍රී ලංකාවේ දන්ත වෛද්‍ය සේවය ඉතා කුහක ලෙස මේ දන්ත චිකිත්සකවරියන්‍ විසින් දශක ගනනාවක් පුරා කල අනගි සේවය ගැන කතා නොකරති. සත්‍ය වශයෙන්ම මේ දන්ත චිකිත්සකවරියන්‍ අපගේ මෙන්ම අපට ඉහත පරම්පරාවේ දන්ත සෞඛ්‍ය රැක ගැනීම සඳහා අතිශයන්ම දායක වූහ​. 

හලාවත රෝහලේ නිර්වින්දන වෛද්‍යවරයෙකු ලෙස සේවය කරන විටදී මම සෙනසුරාදා දින වල උදෑසන විශේෂඥ දන්ත වෛද්‍ය ගාමිනී නවරත්න මහතා ගේ රෝගීන් නිර්වින්දනය කලෙමි. මෙම රෝගීන් අතර පාසල් දරුවන් යම් ප්‍රමාණයක් ද වූ අතර ඔවුන් ගේ දත් බෙහෙවින්ම දිරා තිබුනේය​. මේ ළමුන්ට දන්ත වෛද්‍ය පහසුකම් ලැබී තිබුනේ නැත​. මේ ළමුන් සමග බැලීමේදී අප වාසනාවන්ත වූයෙමු. අපට පාසලේදී නිති පතා දන්ත වෛද්‍ය පහසුකම් ලැබුණි. දන්ත චිකිත්සකවරියන්‍ අපට ප්‍රතිකාර නොකරන්නට අපගේ දත්ද නරක් වී යාමේ ඉඩ ප්‍රස්ථාව තිබුණි. මේ නිසා අප මෙම දන්ත චිකිත්සකවරියන්‍ට නය ගැති වන්නෙමු. 

අපගේ ඩෙන්ටල් එකේ සේවය කල දන්ත චිකිත්සකවරියන්‍ ළමුන්ට අතිශයින්ම  කරුණාවන්ත වූහ​. සත්‍ය වශයෙන් කියන්නේ නම් මේ දන්ත චිකිත්සකවරියන්‍ පාසලේ බොහොමයක් ගුරුවරියන්ට වඩා ළමුන්ට ආදරය සෙනෙහස පෙන්වූහ​. දත් පිරවීමේදී හා ගැලවීමේදී ඉතා ඉවසිලිවන්ත වෙමින් ආදරයෙන් කරුණාවෙන් කතා කොට ළමුන් ගේ බිය පහ කළහ​. ළමුන් මේ දන්ත චිකිත්සකවරියන්‍ට කතා කලේ ඇන්ටි කියාය​. 

පාසලේ දන්ත චිකිත්සක සේවය කෙරුනේ ඉතා ක්‍රමාණුකූලවය​. ප්‍රාථමිකයේ සිටි සෑම ළමයෙකුටම රෝස පැහැති කාඩ් එකක් තිබුනේය​. සෑම මාස 4 -6 වරක් අපගේ දත් පරික්‍ෂාව කරන ලදි. මෙම පරික්‍ෂාව කෙරුනේ අපූරු ලෙසටය​. මුලින්ම ඩෙන්ටල් එකට එන්නට කියා ළමුන් තුන් හතර දෙනෙකුට පණිවිඩ ලැබෙයි. ඔවුන් ඩෙන්ටල් එකට ගිය විට දන්ත චිකිත්සකවරිය ඉතා ආදරයෙන් කරුණාවෙන් කතා කොට දත් බලන්නීය​. දත් පිරවීම් අවශ්‍ය විටදී දත් පුරවන යන්තරය කකුලෙන් පාගමින් දත් පුරවන්නීය​. මෙම දත් පිරවීම වේදනාත්මකය​. ළමුන් නිබඳවම දඟලති. එහෙත් මේ ඉවසිලිවන්ත දන්ත චිකිත්සකවරියන් ළමුන්ට වේදනාව අවම වන ලෙසින් දත් පිරවීම කරති. 

දත් පිරවීම සිදු කිරීමෙන් පසු තවත් ළමුන් දෙතුන් දෙනෙකුගේ කාඩ් දත් පිරවූ ළමුන් අතට දී පන්ති වලට ගොස් ඔවුනට දෙන්න කියා කියති. එවිට ළමුන් අදාල පන්ති වලට ගොස් ගුරුවරියගේ අතට මෙම රෝස පැහැති කාඩ් දෙති . ගුරුවරිය කාඩ් එකේ නම බලා දත් පරික්‍ෂාව අවශ්‍ය කෙරෙන ළමුන්ට වහාම දන්ත චිකිත්සාගාරයට යන්නට කියා කියති. මෙලෙස එක් දිනකදී දන්ත චිකිත්සකවරියක් ළමුන් බොහෝ ගනනක් පරික්‍ෂා කරති. අපගේ දන්ත චිකිත්සාගාරයට අවට පාසල් වල ළමුන් ද ආවෝය​. මෙම ළමුන් ද චිකිත්සකවරියන් පරික්‍ෂා කළහ​. ඇත්ත වශයෙන් මෙම දන්ත චිකිත්සකවරියන් ඉතා කැප වීමෙන් මහන්සිවී තම සේවය කල බව කිව යුතුය​. 

සමහර අවස්ථා වලදී දන්ත චිකිත්සකවරියන් නරක් වූ දත් ඇති ළමුන් ගේ දත්  ගලවති. ඊට පෙර වේදනා නාශක ඉන් ජෙක්‍ෂන් එකක් ගසනු ලැබේ. ඉන් පසු අඞුවකින් දත අල්ලා ගලවා දමනු ලබයි. දත ගලවන විට තවත් දන්ත චිකිත්සකවරියක් මෙන්ම  ළමයෙකුගේ අම්මා කෙනෙක් කොල්ලාව අල්ලාගෙන සිටින්නේ ඔහු දැඟලීම වලක්වනු සඳහාය​. වේදනාවෙන් සහ භීතියෙන් මොර දෙන කොල්ලාට සැනසිලි වදන් කියන දන්ත චිකිත්සකවරිය අඞුවෙන් දත ගලවා එය බෙලෙක් කෝප්පයකට දමන්නීය​. එවිට අවශේශ කොල්ලෝ ලේ සහ කෙල වලින් සපිරි එම කෝප්පය දෙස ඈතින් සිට බලති. දත ගැලවූ පසු කොල්ලා සන්සුන් වෙයි. දත ගැලවූ ස්ථානයට පුළුන් ගුලියක් තබන දන්ත චිකිත්සකවරිය කොල්ලාට තම මුදල් වලින් සත දහයක් දෙන්නේ අයිස් ක්‍රීම් එකක් කෑමටය​. 

නාලන්දේ ඩෙන්ටල් එකේ සිටි දන්ත චිකිත්සකවරියන්‍ අතරින් පර්ල් ඇන්ටි මට සිහිපත් වෙයි. ඇය ඉතා කාරුණික තැනැත්තියකි.  පර්ල් ඇන්ටි  දත් පුරවන විට මම ඇය අසල සිටියෙමි. ඇය මට දත් විදින කටු බහාලන හිස් ප්ලාස්ටික් කොපු දෙන්නීය​. මේවා එකතු කරගෙන ගෙදර යන මම ඉන් පසු මේ ප්ලාස්ටික් කොපු වලින් සෙල්ලම් කරමි. සමහර විට වැඩ කිරීම නිසා වෙහෙසවී සිටින පර්ල් ඇන්ටි වතුර උණු කොට තේ එකක් බොන්නීය. පර්ල් ඇන්ටි තේ බොන විට මටද හකුරු කෑල්ලක් ලැබෙයි. 

වරක් 1974 වසරේ දෙකේ පන්තියේ සිටින විට මම පාසැලෙන් පසුව අපගේ පන්ති පසුපස භූමියට ගොස් තාප්පයෙන් එහා පාරට වැටෙන සේ ගල් ගැසුවෙමි. මට මේ ක්‍රියාව ඉගැන්වූයේ සරත්න රත්න හෙවත් ටිප් ටොප් විසිනි. මෙසේ වරක් මම ගල් ගසන විට සරමක් ඇඳි දාමරිකයෙකු බඳු මිනිසෙක් පාසැලට කඩා වැදී මා පසුපස එලවාගෙන ආවේය​. බියගත් මා ඩෙන්ටල් එකට දිව ගොස් දත් පුරවමින් සිටි පර්ල් ඇන්ටි ගේ පසුපස සැඟවූනෙමි. දන්ත චිකිත්සාගාරය තුලට ඒමට උත්සහ නොගත් මිනිසා දොරකොඩ අසල රැඳී සිටිමින් බොහෝ වේලාවක් යන තෙක් ම​ට දෙස් දෙවොල් තැබීය​. පසුව පර්ල් ඇන්ටි මාව සුරක්‍ෂිතව බසයකට නැංවීම සඳහා වෙනත් සිසුවෙකුගේ මවකට භාර දුන්නාය​. 

පර්ල් ඇන්ටි විසින් 1973 වසරේදී මගේ දතක්  පිරවූවාය​. මෙම ශක්තිමත් බදාමය 2016 වසර තෙක් තිබූ අතර එම වසරේදී කැනඩාවේදී දන්ත වෛද්‍ය බහීරදන් මහතා එම පැරණි බදාමය ගලවා අළුත් බදාමයක් දැමුවේය​. එම පැරණි බදාමය ගැලවී යත්ම මට පර්ල් ඇන්ටි සිහිවී භාවාත්මක දුකක් දැණුනි. 

1997 වසරේ මම මිනිපේ ප්‍රාදේශීය සෞඛ්‍ය සේවා අධ්‍යක්‍ෂක ලෙස සේවය කරන විට මගේ දතක වේදනාවක් ආවේය​. මම දත පෙන්වීම සඳහා මහියංගන රෝහලේ සේවය කරන දන්ත වෛද්‍යවරයෙක් වෙත ගියෙමි. මෙම දන්ත වෛද්‍යවරයා මගේ දත බේරා ගත නොහැකි බවත් එය ගලවා දැමිය යුතු බවත් කීවේය​. එහෙත් දත ගැලවීමට මම එක​ඟ නොවූයෙමි. ඉන් පසු මම හසලක දන්ත චිකිත්සකවරිය ලෙස සේවය කරන නිලන්තී වතුලියැද්ද මෙනෙවිය වෙත ගියෙමි. ඇය මගේ දත පුරවා දැමුවාය​. ඉන් පසු දතේ වේදනාව ඇති නොවීය​. මේ දක්වා එම දත නිරෝගීව තිබේ. සමහරක් විට සූර්‍ය එළියට නොපෙනෙන දේවල් කුඩා පහන් එළියට පෙනෙති. 

යුද හමුදා රෝහලේ සේවය කරන ලද කාලයේ මම දත් පිරවීම සඳහා ගියේ එම රෝහලේම සේවය කල මේජර් වෛද්‍ය ඇන්ජලෝ ලඟටය​.  ඇන්ජලෝ ඉතා දක්‍ෂ දන්ත වෛද්‍යවරයෙකි. එසේම ඉතා හිත හොඳ මිනිසෙකි. පසු කාලයක ඇන්ජලෝ ඕස්ට්‍රේලියාවේ පදිංචියට යන ලදි. ඇන්ජලෝ පිටරට යාම නිසා මට ස්ථිර දන්ත වෛද්‍යවරයෙක් නොවීය​. මෙම කාලයේ ඉතා දක්‍ෂ අත්දැකීම් බහුල දන්ත චිකිත්සකවරියක් වූ කරුණා ගමගේ මිය හඳුනා ගැනීමට හැකි විය​. ඇය ඉතා සාර්ථකව මට ප්‍රතිකාර කලාය​. මේ නිසා මගේ බිරිඳ මෙන්ම දරුවාද දන්ත ප්‍රතිකාර සඳහා කරුණා ගමගේ මිය වෙත යාම ඇරඹූහ​. 

නවක දන්ත වෛද්‍යවරු ක්‍ෂේත්‍රයට ඒම නිසා දන්ත චිකිත්සකවරියන්‍ ගේ සේවය ක්‍රමක් ක්‍රමයෙන් අභහාවයට යාම ඇරඹුනි. නමුත් දන්ත චිකිත්සකවරියන්‍ තුල තිබූ කැපවීම , කරුණාවන්ත බව , ඉවසීම නවක දන්ත වෛද්‍යවරු විසින් අධ්‍යනය කොට ඒවා තමන් තුල වගා කර ගත යුතුය​. දන්ත වෛද්‍ය විද්‍යාව පිළිබඳව දැණුම සහ උසස් පුහුණුව තිබූ පමනින් කෙනෙකු හොඳ දන්ත වෛද්‍යවරයෙකු වෙන්නේ නැත​. පර්ල් ඇන්ටි , කරුණා ගමගේ මිය වැනි  දන්ත චිකිත්සකවරියන්‍ තුල තිබූ මානව දයාව​, වෘත්තීය කැපවීම නව පරම්පරාවේ දන්ත වෛද්‍යවරු තුල දකින්නට මම උත්සහ කරමි. එහෙත් සමහර දන්ත වෛද්‍යවරු තුල එම ගුණාංග දැකීමට නොමැති බව කණගාටුවෙන් යුතුව මම ප්‍රකාශ කරමි. 

වෛද්‍ය රුවන් එම් ජයතුංග 

කෙරවලපිටිය LNG විදුලිබල ටෙන්ඩරය කැකිල්ලේ තීන්දුවක් වෙයි.

September 15th, 2017

කීර්ති තෙන්නකෝන් විධායක අධ්‍යක්ෂ/ ශ්‍රී ලංකා මානව හිමිකම් කේන්ද්‍ර‍ය

තාක්ෂණික කමිටුව අනුමත කළ එකම සමාගම හලා, තාක්ෂණික කමිටුව සුදුසුකම් නැතැයි කී සමාගම් 7 න් පහක පමණක් ටෙන්ඩර් ලිපි විවෘත කිරීමට යයි.

කෙරවලපිටිය LNG බලාගාරය සදහා සුදුසුකම් ලබා ඇති බවට තාක්ෂණික කමිටුව පිළිගත් එකම ටෙන්ඩර්කරු අතහැර දමා, තාක්ෂණික කමිටුව විසින් සුදුසුකම් නොමැති බව කී සමාගම් 7 න් දේශපාලන අවශ්‍යතාව මත තෝරාගත් සමාගම් 5 ක පමණක් ටෙන්ඩර් ලියවිලි පරීක්ෂා කිරීමට විදුලිබල අමාත්‍යාංශය හා විදුලිබල මණ්ඩලය සුදානම් වන බව ශ්‍රී ලංකා මානව හිමිකම් කේන්ද්‍ර‍ය පවසයි.  

නොරච්චෝල, ගල්අගුරු හා ක්ෂණික විදුලිය සදහා ඩීසල් විදුලිය මිලදී ගැනීම, ජෙනරේටර් මිලදී ගැනීම ඇතුලු අන්ත දුෂිත ටෙන්ඩර් අතර විහිළු සහගතම ටෙන්ඩරය පමණක් නොව වසර 20 කට වැඩි කළක් ලංකාවේ විදුලි බිල අඛණ්ඩව ඉහළ යැවීමට කෙරවලපිටිය දුෂිත ටෙන්ඩර් ගනුදෙණුව විදුලිබල මණ්ඩල ටෙන්ඩර් මගඩි ඉතිහාසයේ කූටප්‍රාප්තිය බවට පත්වනු ඇත.  තරගකාරීත්වය තුල අඩුම මිලට විදුලිය ලබා ගැනීම වෙනුවට තරගය අඩු කොට සැපයුම්කරුවන්ට උපරිම වාසිය ලැබදීම තුල සිදුවන්නේ විදුලි බිල වැඩිවීම හෝ රජයේ බදු මුදලින් විදුලි උත්පාදන මිල දැරීමට සිදුවන බව මානව හිමිකම් කේන්ද්‍රයේ විධායක අධ්‍යක්ෂ කීර්ති තෙන්නකෝන් මහතා පවසයි. .

2016 දෙසැම්බර් මස මෙ.වෝ. 300 ක කෙරවලපිටිය LNG බලාගාරය සදහා ටෙන්ඩර් කැදවීමත් සමගම ඒ සදහා වැය කරන අති විශාල මුදල් කන්දරාව පිළිබද රට තුල විරෝධයක් ඇති විය.  ශ්‍රී ලංකා අයෝජන මණ්ඩලය ලංකා රජයට කිසිදු පිරිවැයක් නොමැති ලාභදායී ආයෝජන 6 ක් පිළිබද කරුණු අනාවරණය කළේය. එම අනාවරණයේ ප්‍ර‍තිඑලයක් ලෙස ජනාධිපති නීතිඥ උපුල් ජයසූරිය මහතාට ශ්‍රී ලංකා ආයෝජන මණ්ඩලයේ සභාපති ධූරය අහිමි විය.

2017 අප්‍රේල් 21 දක්වා ටෙන්ඩර් බාරගැනීම සිදු වූ අතර, සමාගම් 8 ක් සිය ලංසු ඉදිරිපත් කළේය.  තාක්ෂණික ඇගයීම් කමිටුවේ නිර්දේශ වූයේ සැම්සුන් සමාගම විසින් ඉදිරිපත් කළ ටෙන්ඩරය ලියකියවිලි 2017 ජූලි 13 දින විවෘත කිරීමටය.  නමුත්, 2017 ජූලි 11 විදුලිබල කේෂ්ත්‍ර‍යට උනන්දුවක් දක්වන අමාත්‍යවරුන් තිදෙනෙකු තාක්ෂණික ඇගයීම් කමිටුව විසින් නුසුදුසු බවට ප්‍ර‍කාශ කරන ලද සමාගම් 5 ක පමණක් ටෙන්ඩර් ද විවෘත කළ යුතු බවට උපදෙස් දී ඇත.   

දේශපාලනඥයින්ගේ එල්ල වූ බලපෑම් මත තාක්ෂණික කමිටුවේ සභාපති අමාත්‍යාංශ ලේකම් විතානගේ මහතා ඇතුළු සාමාජිකයින් තිදෙනෙකු ඉල්ලා අස්විය.  සැම්සුන් ටෙන්ඩර් ලේඛන විවෘත කිරීමට මොහොතකට පෙර එම රැස්වීම අවලංගු කළ බවට ඊමේල් පණිවුඩයක් ජූලි 13 දින විදුලිබල මණ්ඩලයෙන් විදුලි මණ්ඩලයෙන් ලැබුණි. සැම්සුන් සමාගමට නැවත ටෙන්ඩර් විවෘත කිරීම සදහා අගෝස්තු 13 කැදවීමක් ලැබුණු අතර එහි දී අනාරාධිතව පැමිණි පිරිසක් විසින් ටෙන්ඩර් විවෘත කිරීම කලබැගෑනියක් බවට පත් කළේය.

විදුලිබල මණ්ඩලය හා විදුලිබල අමාත්‍යාංශය අපූරු තීන්දුවක් ගෙන අගෝ. 18 දින තාක්ෂණික කමිටුව විසින් ‘කොන්දේසි සහිතව ටෙන්ඩර් විවෘත කිරීමට අනුමැතිය දුන් සමාගම් 5 ක පමණක් ටෙන්ඩර් විවෘත කිරීමට තීරණය කර ඇත. ඒ අනුව, තාක්ෂණික ඇගයීම් කමිටුව විසින් තෝරාගත් එකම (සැම්සුන්) සමාගමේ ටෙන්ඩර් පත්‍රිකාව ඉබේම ඉවත්වී යයි.  කොන්දේසි සහිත සමාගම් පහක පමණක් ටෙන්ඩර් විවෘත වන අතර, තවත් සමාගම් දෙකක් නුදුසුදු වෙයි. ‘හොදම එකම සමාගම, මොහොතකින් නරකම සමාගම‘ බවට පත්වන්නේ කෙසේ ද?

ටෙන්ඩරයක තාක්ෂණික ඇගයීම් කමිටුවේ තීරණය දෙවන අදියරේ දී සම්පූර්ණයෙන්ම ක්‍රියාත්මක විය යුතුය. නැතිනම්, එහි විනිවිද භාවයක් සහිතව ටෙන්ඩර් ඉදිරිපත් කළ සෑම සමාගමකට තම අඩුපාඩු සකසා ගැනීමට අවස්ථාව ලබාදිය යුතුය.  එසේ නොමැතිව, තරගකරුවන් ඉවත් කිරීම සදහා ‘ප්‍ර‍සම්පාදන කමිටුව‘ මෙවලමක් කර ගත යුතු නැත.

විදුලිබල මණ්ඩලයත්, විදුලිබල අමාත්‍යාංශයත් සිය දුෂිත ටෙන්ඩර් මාවතේ ඉතිහාසයේ කිසිදු දිනක සිදු නොකළ මාවතක කෙරවලපිටිය ටෙන්ඩරය ගමන් කරයි.  ටෙන්ඩරය ප්‍ර‍ධානය කිරීමට අවශ්‍ය (දේශපාලනඥයින්ගේ සහයෝගය ලැබෙන) සමාගම් 5 හි ටෙන්ඩර් පමණක් විවෘත කිරීම සදහා වෙමලමක් ලෙස තාක්ෂණික ඇගයීම් කමිටුව හා ප්‍ර‍සම්පාදන කමිටුව යොදා ගැනීම ය.

‘ආර්ථික කටයුතු පිළිබද කැබිනට් අනුකමිටුව‘ නම් කමිටුවක් ඉදිරිපිට රාජ්‍ය නිලධාරීන් ගෙන්වා ඔවුන් අපහසුතාවට පත් කොට දේශපාලන අවශ්‍යතාවන් මත ටෙන්ඩර් ප්‍ර‍දානය කිරීම තුල විනිවිදභාවයක් නැත.  යහපාලනය ද නොවේ.  අවසනාවකට අද ලංකාවේ ප්‍ර‍මුඛම ටෙන්ඩර් පිළිබද අද සිදුවෙමින් ඇතේ ද  ‘දේශපාලන බලයට අවශ්‍ය ගනුදෙනු සදහා රාජ්‍ය නිලධාරීන්ගෙන් යුතු කමිටු වෙමලමක් කර ගැනීමය.

 

කීර්ති තෙන්නකෝන්

විධායක අධ්‍යක්ෂ/

ශ්‍රී ලංකා මානව හිමිකම් කේන්ද්‍ර‍ය

2017 සැප්තැම්බර් 15

SRI LANKA: Domestic violence and sexual assault complaint not investigated by Godakawela Police

September 15th, 2017

ASIAN HUMAN RIGHTS COMMISSION – URGENT APPEALS PROGRAMME

Dear Friends,

According to the information that the Asian Human Rights Commission (AHRC) has received, Ms. Sashikala Maduwanthi Dharmapalain was severely assaulted by her husband’s family on 14 August 2017. Although she made a domestic violence and sexual assault complaint to the police on the very same day, a month later the police have not yet started investigations.

CASE NARRATIVE:

In 2014, Ms. Pallekanda Mannalage Sashikala Maduwanthi Dharmapalain met Lahiru, who at the time was working as a salesperson at Dialog Company. They fell in love and sought the blessings of their parents to get married, which they readily received from Lahiru’s family, but not quite so well from Shashikala’s family. By 2015, Shashikala had gotten married to Lahiru and had moved to his place to live with Lahiru’s mother, Vineetha Indraseeli, father M.V Karunarathne, and one of his sisters, M.V Ishara Sewwandi Karunarathne.

After Shashikala moved to live with her in-laws, her husband started to beat her and subjected her to several other physical harassments. Considering the continuation of married life, she bore the pains and tried her best to steer their lives in a peaceful manner.

In July 2017, after much brutality, Shashikala had fallen severely ill and gone to her parents’ house on July 12. She tried to stay home until her recovery. While she stayed there, she only received a single call from her mother-in law and her husband, who only called to ask her to come home, saying she had rested enough.

Suddenly, on August 10, Shashikala received a call from the Godakawela Police Station. The officer on the phone informed her that Lahiru had come to the Police Station to file a complaint against her. Shashikala replied that she would come to the police station the next day and talk to the police officer in person, to give the details of her situation. On August 11, she went to the Police station and explained her situation. Later, following the instruction of the officers, she filed a complaint at the station on her grievances.

On August 14, both families gathered at the police station for an inquiry. Shashikala’s mother and father accompanied her, and Lahiru’s entire family was there with him in the police station. Shasikala filed another complaint regarding the sexual abuse by her father-in-law with Police Officer Hettiarachchi. Once Shashikala told the story to the head of the Women and Children affairs at the Godakawela Police Station, Ms. Menike, this police officer discouraged Shashikala significantly, even accusing her of lying. When she finally took steps to make her complaint at the police station, Lahiru’s family started to threaten her with abusive language. Once the complaint was made, her father-in-law put up a façade of a caring father who was concerned about her. Therefore, he was not arrested, but kept in the corner of the chamber they were in, without facing any action.

Police officer Menike asked Shashikala to show them where the abuse took place. Her mother was asked to stay at the police station, while her mother-in-law accompanied Shashikala. Even though Menike and four police officers went along with Shashikala, Lahiru’s mother yelled and scolded at Shashikala without hesitation.

Upon arrival, she realized that her husband’s cousins had gotten there ahead of time. Even before she entered the house, she was verbally harassed by the relatives. The moment she stepped into the house, her mother in law and Ms. Vimala, one of Lahiru’s cousins, slapped her. One police officer tried to defend Shashikala, but Ms. Menike chatted affectionately with her husband’s family while she was repeatedly beaten up. After the conversation, Menike finally came to do her duty and asked Shashikala to accompany her to the room where the abuse happened. While Shashikala told them the story, Menike was visibly being very absent minded and hardly took down any notes. Menike told Shashikala that she would remember all this and there was no need to write down everything.

After the biased investigation, Shashikala reached the living area. Immediately, her mother-in-law came forward and hit her on the neck, as if she was waiting for her to come and poured heinous words. Despite the police officers’ defence, Shashikala was surrounded by her mother-in-law, sister-in-law and Vimala. They slapped her, and she fell to the floor and beat her up. Shashikala was dragged around by her hair while constantly being threatened to be killed. They also kicked her several times, and Vimala had held her tightly by the neck almost to the point where she was suffocating. While Shashikala was assaulted, she could not find the senior most officer in the group, Ms. Menike.

Eventually, she made it out of the house, and got in the jeep with the police officers. Shasikala felt heavy pain in her chest and started coughing. When she went back to the police station, she told her parents what happened. Shashikala was determined to seek justice. She went ahead to file another complaint. However, while waiting for Police Officer Hettiarachchi, Menike approached and told her that she should let go off what had happened and gave advice” to her, not to take things any further. Shashikala also saw that Menike was once again talking very closely with her in-laws. Disheartened and disappointed by all this, Shashikala gave up and returned home with her parents.

Having been severely beaten and harassed in the presence of the police, Shashikala is living in fear. It has been 31 days since this happened, and until today, there have been no actions taken to punish the perpetrators or the police officer who is overlooking her obligations as an officer of justice.

Instead of properly investigating the crime, the police have acted to protect the suspect of this heinous crime. A prompt, effective, impartial, and independent investigation must be initiated and justice served to Shashikala.

SUGGESTED ACTION:

Please write to the authorities listed below expressing your concern about this case. Request an immediate inquiry into the allegations of not investigating the crime of domestic violence and sexual assault by the Godakawela police. Please also call for the prosecution of those proven responsible under the criminal law, as well as internal investigations for breach of Police Departmental Orders. The AHRC will also write a separate letter to the Special Rapporteur on Violence against Women.

To support this case, please click here:

SAMPLE LETTER:

Dear ________,

SRI LANKA: Domestic violence and sexual assault complaint not investigated by Godakawela Police

Name of Victim: PallekandaMannalageSashikalaMaduwanthiDharmapala of ‘Wasana’,Girandura,Pallebadde in Ratnapura District

Alleged perpetrators:
1) Officer-in-Charge (OIC) of the Godakawela Police Station
2) Woman Police Officer Ms. Menikeof the Godakawela Police Station
3) Mr. MaddegodaWidanalageLahiruDilshanKarunarathne,
4) Ms. VineethaIndraseeli,
5) Mr. M V Karunarathne,
6) Ms. M V NilukaRoshiniKarunarathne,
7) Ms. M V IsharaSewwandiKarunarathne

Date of Incident: 14 August 2017

Place of Incident: Kohilawewa, Galkulugoda, Godakawela

I write with regard to an incident which took place in 2014, where Ms. Sashikala Maduwanthi Dharmapalain was severely assaulted by her husband’s family on 14 August 2017. Although she made a domestic violence and sexual assault complaint to the police on the very same day, a month later the police have not yet started investigations.

Ms. Pallekanda Mannalage Sashikala Maduwanthi Dharmapalain met Lahiru, who at the time was working as a salesperson at Dialog Company. They fell in love and sought the blessings of their parents to get married, which they readily received from Lahiru’s family, but not quite so well from Shashikala’s family. By 2015, Shashikala had gotten married to Lahiru and had moved to his place to live with Lahiru’s mother, Vineetha Indraseeli, father M.V Karunarathne, and one of his sisters, M.V Ishara Sewwandi Karunarathne.

After Shashikala moved to live with her in-laws, her husband started to beat her and subjected her to several other physical harassments. Considering the continuation of married life, she bore the pains and tried her best to steer their lives in a peaceful manner.

In July 2017, after much brutality, Shashikala had fallen severely ill and gone to her parents’ house on July 12. She tried to stay home until her recovery. While she stayed there, she only received a single call from her mother-in law and her husband, who only called to ask her to come home, saying she had rested enough.

Suddenly, on August 10, Shashikala received a call from the Godakawela Police Station. The officer on the phone informed her that Lahiru had come to the Police Station to file a complaint against her. Shashikala replied that she would come to the police station the next day and talk to the police officer in person, to give the details of her situation. On August 11, she went to the Police station and explained her situation. Later, following the instruction of the officers, she filed a complaint at the station on her grievances.

On August 14, both families gathered at the police station for an inquiry. Shashikala’s mother and father accompanied her, and Lahiru’s entire family was there with him in the police station. Shasikala filed another complaint regarding the sexual abuse by her father-in-law with Police Officer Hettiarachchi. Once Shashikala told the story to the head of the Women and Children affairs at the Godakawela Police Station, Ms. Menike, this police officer discouraged Shashikala significantly, even accusing her of lying. When she finally took steps to make her complaint at the police station, Lahiru’s family started to threaten her with abusive language. Once the complaint was made, her father-in-law put up a façade of a caring father who was concerned about her. Therefore, he was not arrested, but kept in the corner of the chamber they were in, without facing any action.

Police officer Menike asked Shashikala to show them where the abuse took place. Her mother was asked to stay at the police station, while her mother-in-law accompanied Shashikala. Even though Menike and four police officers went along with Shashikala, Lahiru’s mother yelled and scolded at Shashikala without hesitation.

Upon arrival, she realized that her husband’s cousins had gotten there ahead of time. Even before she entered the house, she was verbally harassed by the relatives. The moment she stepped into the house, her mother in law and Ms. Vimala, one of Lahiru’s cousins, slapped her. One police officer tried to defend Shashikala, but Ms. Menike chatted affectionately with her husband’s family while she was repeatedly beaten up. After the conversation, Menike finally came to do her duty and asked Shashikala to accompany her to the room where the abuse happened. While Shashikala told them the story, Menike was visibly being very absent minded and hardly took down any notes. Menike told Shashikala that she would remember all this and there was no need to write down everything.

After the biased investigation, Shashikala reached the living area. Immediately, her mother-in-law came forward and hit her on the neck, as if she was waiting for her to come and poured heinous words. Despite the police officers’ defence, Shashikala was surrounded by her mother-in-law, sister-in-law and Vimala. They slapped her, and she fell to the floor and beat her up. Shashikala was dragged around by her hair while constantly being threatened to be killed. They also kicked her several times, and Vimala had held her tightly by the neck almost to the point where she was suffocating. While Shashikala was assaulted, she could not find the senior most officer in the group, Ms. Menike.

Eventually, she made it out of the house, and got in the jeep with the police officers. Shasikala felt heavy pain in her chest and started coughing. When she went back to the police station, she told her parents what happened. Shashikala was determined to seek justice. She went ahead to file another complaint. However, while waiting for Police Officer Hettiarachchi, Menike approached and told her that she should let go off what had happened and gave advice” to her, not to take things any further. Shashikala also saw that Menike was once again talking very closely with her in-laws. Disheartened and disappointed by all this, Shashikala gave up and returned home with her parents.

Having been severely beaten and harassed in the presence of the police, Shashikala is living in fear. It has been 31 days since this happened, and until today, there have been no actions taken to punish the perpetrators or the police officer who is overlooking her obligations as an officer of justice.

Instead of properly investigating the crime, the police have acted to protect the suspect of this heinous crime. A prompt, effective, impartial, and independent investigation must be initiated and justice served to Shashikala.

I therefore request your intervention to ensure that the authorities listed below activate an immediate inquiry into the allegations of police not investigating Shashikala’s complaint. All officers involved should be subject to an internal investigation for breach of Police Departmental Orders.

Yours Sincerely,

———————

PLEASE SEND YOUR LETTERS TO:

1. Mr. Pujith Jayasundara
Inspector General of Police
New Secretariat
Colombo 1
SRI LANKA
Fax: +94 11 2 440440 / 327877
E-mail: igp@police.lk

2. Mr. Jayantha Jayasooriya PC
Attorney General
Attorney General’s Department
Colombo 12
SRI LANKA
Fax: +94 11 2 436421
E-mail: ag@attorneygeneral.gov.lk

3. Secretary
National Police Commission
3rd Floor, Rotunda Towers
109 Galle Road
Colombo 03
SRI LANKA
Tel: +94 11 2 395310
Fax: +94 11 2 395867
E-mail: npcgen@sltnet.lk or polcom@sltnet.lk

4. Secretary
Human Rights Commission
No. 36, Kynsey Road
Colombo 8
SRI LANKA
Tel: +94 11 2 694 925 / 673 806
Fax: +94 11 2 694 924 / 696 470
E-mail: sechrc@sltnet.lk

Thank you.

Urgent Appeals Programme

Asian Human Rights Commission (ua@ahrc.asia)

Crocodile mauls a Jounalist and jewels of an Elephant……….News

September 15th, 2017

Dr Sarath Obeysekera

There were days when Jounalists were killed by thugs after abducting in white vans .Now crocs living around parliament may have been trained by the clowns in the house to start mauling journalists and the elephants” who are culprits .Sadly crocodile did not diffentiate white and brown journalist and a unsuspecting elephant who went to water to cool down or wash his jewels has been mauled .

-Deleted-

Dr Sarath Obeysekera

LET US GO TO DARJEELING

September 15th, 2017

ALI SUKHANVER

Don’t forget to sip the famous black tea whenever you go to Darjeeling; a town in India’s West Bengal state in the Himalayan foothills. Darjeeling used to be a summer resort for the British Raj elite before partition. This paradise on the earth is a beautiful combination of varied cultures comprising of Nepali, Lepchas, Bhutia, Tibetans, and other mainland Indian ethno-linguistic groups. Darjeeling, alongside its neighbouring town of Kalimpong was the centre of the Gorkhaland movement in the 1980s.

Gorkhaland is a proposed statehood demand from the Indian state of West Bengal. The formal demand for a separate administrative unit in Darjeeling came to the surface first time in 1907 when the Hillmen’s Association of Darjeeling submitted a memorandum to Minto-Morley Reforms demanding an independent administrative unit.

Once again this demand was repeated with a new zeal and zest in 1980s by Subhash Ghisingh. He demanded for the creation of a state called Gorkhaland within India to be carved out of the hills of Darjeeling and areas of Dooars and Siliguri terai adjacent to Darjeeling. Unfortunately violence added to this peaceful demand and as a result of agitation over 1200 people lost their lives.

In 2007 a new political party called the Gorkha Janmukti Morcha commonly known as GJM once again raised the demand for a separate state of Gorkhaland. That movement is still alive. For the last 90 days Darjeeling is once again in a state of public agitation. This latest spell of protests for a separate state of Gorkhaland was triggered by the Mamata Banerjee government’s decision to make Bengali compulsory in schools across West Bengal. There is complete strike in the area and a severe scarcity of food and medicines.

Schools and colleges have been shut since the second week of June and normal life has come to a grinding halt. People are raising slogans against the indifferent attitude of the Modi government and have no intention of putting any end to this strike. Instead of resolving the issue and listening to the demand for the Gorkhaland, New Delhi is trying all possible to disconnect Darjeeling from rest of the world by suspending the internet services. Moreover the Darjeeling police have started searching for the people who are more active and vibrant in this movement.

On 28 Aug 17, Darjeeling Police arrested three active supporters of Gorkhaland movement on charges of involvement in arson and violence that took place in the hills two months back in June; according to the latest details, no one knows where those three arrested people are now. It is being feared that on the direction of the Modi government, they have been murdered in police custody.

Another interesting fact is that New Delhi is also trying to weaken this movement by creating differences and misunderstanding in the ranks of Gorkhaland Movement Coordination Committee but no success has yet been achieved in this context. Gorkha Janmukti Morcha and all other political parties are not ready to surrender before the adamant behaviour of the Delhi Sarkar. They say they will not call off the strike only unless New Delhi makes announcement of an independent Gorkha state.

On the other hand, the Chief Minister of West Bengal Mamta has pledged that a division of the Darjeeling Hills from Bengal would be resisted by blood. Even the center in New Delhi is not ready to create a Gorkha state despite the fact that GJM has been an ally of BJP. In short things are heading towards a point of no return in Darjeeling. It seems that the protesters behind the Gorkhaland Movement are braver and stronger than those behind the Khalistan Movement and they certainly have more courage than the Sikh community.

It is a very bitter reality that on one hand Modi Sarkar is patronizing various separatist movements in Pakistan and China by supporting the so-called sub-nationalists but on the other hand various separatist movements in different parts of India are posing serious threat to Indian federation. Cruel caste system, the menace of Hindu extremism and social injustice are few of the so many problems which are pushing the whole of Indian society to a hell of eternal damnation.

Y-palanaya strikes back!

September 15th, 2017

Editorial Courtesy The Island


The ongoing presidential commission of inquiry probe into the bond scams has taken a dramatic turn with owner of Perpetual Treasuries Arjun Aloysius refusing to testify. The commission has held that it cannot order him to give evidence. But, Senior Additional Solicitor General Dappula de Livera PC, who is the Chief Counsel of the Attorney General’s Department before the commission, is convinced otherwise. He is reported to have said he cannot agree with the commission’s decision not to compel Aloysius to give evidence. He says he has stated the Attorney General’s opinion on the issue!

We are intrigued.

Now, the main witnesses can feign memory loss or refuse to talk before the presidential commission! We, however, don’t intend to get involved in this legal tussle and, therefore, refrain from discussing the issue . Let legal heavyweights fight it out.

But, it is now patently clear that the corrupt politicians who masterminded the bond scams and used some public officials and corporate bigwigs to carry out the rackets are all out to save the culprits. A government which keeps postponing elections, unable to face them, is capable of stooping to any level to remain in power. But for the power struggle between the SLFP and the UNP, in the ruling coalition, no bond scam probe would have got underway.

This is why we keep saying that yahapalanaya is a farce and politicians in power and their cronies on the wrong side of the law are too big to be brought to justice just like their predecessors.

The AG’s Department officials can rest assured that all right-thinking people are on their side, and the efforts they have been making against numerous odds to ascertain information about the bond scams have not gone unappreciated. They and their Central Bank counterparts, save a handful of venal ones, have done the country proud; we need many more professionals of their calibre to make this country a better place for future generations to live in. It behoves other state employees, their counterparts in the private sector and the members of the general public to emulate those officials and stand up and be counted in the country’s fight against corruption.

The bond scams are now before the people’s court and those who try to derail the ongoing investigations there into through devious are making a terrible mistake. They may recall that the mighty Rajapaksa government came crashing down not because of any charges proved in courts against its members; it fell due to public perception that it was corrupt to the core in spite of the absence of irrefutable evidence. But, there has emerged enough and more damning evidence against the bond racketeers and people can now decide how to deal with the present regime, which is like a lorry with Budu saranai (blessings of the Buddha) and devi pihitai (blessings of God), prominently written on it, illegally transporting cattle.

President Maithripala Sirisena let the bond racketeers off the hook in 2015 by dissolving Parliament before the first COPE (Commission of Public Enterprises) report on the bond scams was presented to it. Emboldened, the politically backed crooks committed the second bond racket the following year, causing heavy losses to the state banks and the Employees’ Provident Fund (EPF). Now, it is incumbent upon the President to clean up the mess.

Kid glove treatment, being given to bond racketeers, must stop forthwith. A former Secretary to the President has been jailed for allocating Rs. 600 million for sil redi distribution in the run-up to the last presidential election allegedly in support of the then President Mahinda Rajapaksa in the fray. The bond racketeers who caused losses to the state to the tune of billions of rupees are still free!

Unless President Sirisena, elected by people to eliminate corruption and usher in good governance, ensures that the perpetrators of the biggest-ever financial fraud are made to pay for their crime and losses recovered, he will incur much public opprobrium.

Aloysius lied to COPE: Palisena

September 15th, 2017

By Shehan Chamika Silva Courtesy The Daily Mirror

PTL CEO Kasun Palisena giving evidence before the PCoI today admitted that his boss Arjun Aloysius had ‘lied’ to the Parliamentary watchdog committee COPE headed by MP Sunil Handunneththi, when he appeared before it during its inquiry into the Treasury Bond controversy.

During the cross-examination, Deputy Solicitor General Milinda Gunatilleke told PTL CEO Kasun Palisena that there was a limit to lying and therefore to reveal the truth before the Commission without ‘carrying the load’ on behalf of Arjun Aloysius.

Justice Prasanna Jayawardena also told the witness to at least have the courtesy to come up with a lie that is believable.

Continuing the cross-examination of PTL CEO Kasun Palisena, DSG Gunatilleke yesterday questioned him again on the ‘information’ which was passed by Aloysius regarding the precise ‘cutoff rate’ at the March 29, 2016 auction.

It was earlier explained that Arjun Aloysius had conveyed to Palisena the ‘cutoff rate’ at the auction would be around 14.80%.

The DSG showing some documents confirmed yesterday that the Public Debt Department of CBSL had recommended to accept all the bids below 14.7996% at the March 29 Auction.

The DSG showed that there were 200 bids at the auction and in the 131 place in the bid sheet was PTL’s bid which was a Rs. 5 billion at a rate of precisely 14.7996%.

DSG Gunatilleke showed that the CBSL had subsequently accepted all bids which were below that rate (the PTL bid rate which was 14.7996%).Therefore PTL’s bid of Rs. 5 billion at a rate of precisely 14.7996% was the last bid that was accepted. He said the rate quoted by PTL was precisely similar to the ‘cutoff rate’ recommended by the PDD.

DSG Gunatilleke: What was the cutoff rate at the March 29, 2016 auction?

Witness Palisena: 14.7996%

DSG: That is identical to the PDD’s recommendation to the fourth decimal point, right?

W: Yes

DSG: So, the person who fixed this rate at the PDD should have passed this information to Aloysius, isn’t it?

W: That I don’t know

DSG: So, who would have provided this information to Aloysius?

W: That I don’t know

DSG: How would you not know about it? According to the phone conversations, Aloysius had provided you the exact information about the ‘cutoff’ rate?

W: Yes, but Idon’t about it

DSG: Then, only Aloysius would know about it?

W: That I don’t know

It was revealed in one of the conversations between Palisena and Aloysius, PTL CEO Palisena asks Aloysius whether he was certain about the provided information on the cutoff rate. And Aloysius replies 100% sure”.

DSG Gunatilleke noted that the average yield rate of PTL’s bid at the auction was precisely around what Aloysius asked Palisena to bid at.

At this moment DSG Gunatilleke played another phone recording of a conversation between Aloysius and Palisena, in which Palisena tells Aloysius: I got Little Johnny’s bids”.

When questioned, Palisena said what was referred to as ‘Little Johnny’ was about the bids of their clients as they were regarded as small bids. But the DSG was not convinced from that answer and showed some documents which reflect bids by clients of PTL in the auctions. Then witness Palisena said bids by their clients would not show in that document and it would show in PTL’s bidding sheet.

DSG Gunatilleke was unhappy with the answer as there was no marked document perusable at that point from PTL before the Commission.

The DSG continued to question the witness on ‘Little Johnny,’ but the witness was maintaining his stance. Then the DSG said: Tell the truth, was it correct to say that Dhanuka (SLIC dealer) was referred to as ‘bee hive’ in the trading industry? Witness’ answer was affirmative. And you were called as ‘Mod Goviya’, right?” witness confirmed yes.

DSG: So was this person referred to as ‘Little Johnny,’ the DFCC dealer Kaveen Karunamurti, who was the intermediary when PTL sold bonds to NSB, SLIC and EPF in the secondary market?

Witness Palisena rejected that and went on to maintain his earlier stance.

DSG Gunatilleka said PTL had also included dealers from state institutions like Naveen Anuradha (from NSB), Dhanuka (SLIC) and Saman Kumara (EPF) into the ring which allowed PTL to gain phenomenal profits.

The DSG showing PTL’s capital gains documents explained that PTL had gained phenomenal profits of around Rs. 2 billion each in November 2015, April and May, 2016.

However, after the EPF stopped its secondary market transactions in May, 2016, PTL’s profits significantly fell, as their June, July and August 2016 profits were around only 500 million, which was similar to other primary dealers.

The DSG was of the view that Aloysius had inside information about the Treasury Department’s fund requirements which were confidential and information that other Primary Dealers were not privy to.

In the phone conversation, Aloysius also tells Palisena precisely about the Government’s fund requirement as Rs.122 billion by the end of March, 2016.

After a series of questions by Justice Jayawardena, it was revealed that though Rs.105 billion of the Rs. 122 billion requirement of the Government was public knowledge, the rest of the Rs.17 billion was confidential information which was only known to CBSL and the General Treasury.

At this moment, the DSG played another phone conversation, which reflects a discussion between two dealers of PTL about a cash check (Rs.1.1 million) to be sent to a person, known as ‘Little Johnny’.

DSG: In the conversations they refer to a cash check to be sent to one Little Johnny, right?

Witness Palisena initially disagreed to it and later the DSG played the conversation again and only thereafter he admitted to it as yes”.

DSG: Who was this ‘Little Johnny’?

W: Can be anyone.

The Court room burst out in laughter at the answer of Palisena.

DSG: There is a limit to lying.

Witness was silent

DSG: Ok that means you don’t believe there is a limit, let’s continue then.

Justice Jayawardena also seemed surprised after knowing that one of the parties to that conversation was one ‘Gajan’, because he was attending the proceedings and advising PTL lawyers in regular basis.

Oh is that Gajan, our friend who used to come here”, Justice Jayawardane said in a sarcastic manner.

After a series of questions by Justice Jayawardane and the DSG, It was explained that this ‘cash check’ of Rs. 1.1 million was sent to Perpetual Capital Holding (PCH) from PTL. It was revealed that PCH had no clients as Palisena earlier said in their business and it was a possible payment to its owner Aloysius, who might have wanted it to pay some one else referred as Little Johnny.”

Justice Chitrasiri at this point also referring to some words in the phone conversations said: It says ‘check eka eyata dunna’ (the check was given to an individual), so there is an individual. Who was he?”

W: it could be anyone, even an employee.

Justice Jayawardena: At least have the courtesy to tell a lie which is believable. The conversation tells about an individual. According to you it can be many ‘Little Johnnys’ as well. So tell the truth now?

Witness Palisena was avoiding the answer and maintained that it could be anyone and many ‘Little Johnnys.”

Justice Jayawardane: If frankly said, at least come up with a lie that is believable.

DSG Gunatilleka: You are carrying a heavy load on behalf of Arjun Aloysius.

Witness was silent for a while and rejected what they said.

Referring to the capital gains which were transferred from PTL to other companies in the Perpetual Group, Justice Jayawardane asked the witness whether these capital gains were also used to pay regularly a fairly large sum of money to so called ‘Little Johnnies”.

The witness disagreed with the profit transfers and said again that ‘Little Johnnies’ could be anyone, even an employee of the company.

In a telephone conversation played before the Commission it was earlier revealed that Palisena had asked his close friend Kaveen Karunamurti ( dealer DFCC), to give the number of transactions that he had been involved in with PTL and other government institution to the PTL finance department. In that conversation Palisena tells this is something for you”.

DSG Gunatilleke also playing another phone recording contested the witness’ earlier argument that PTL had bid in the March 2016 auctions based on its Financial analyst, Gajan’s predictions.

In another phone conversation it was revealed that Gajan was telling one dealer that he is trying to prepare a report to show a prediction that corresponds to what happened in the March auctions. This conversation happens in the afternoon of March 29,2016, after the auction took place.

Earlier PTL produced prediction reports of their analyst that were said to have been prepared prior to the auction.

When the DSG questioned about this from witness Palisena, he said the conversation was about some daily reports. (the court room burst out in laughter)

Then referring to some words reflected in the conversation, DSG Gunetilleke said: This witness is an unrepentant liar and he is doing this because of the nine digit bonus he is getting.” (a figure that is over Rs.100 million)

The witness rejected it.

You are not accepting what everybody understands, because you are well looked after”, DSG Gunatilleke said.

DSG Gunatilleke again played another phone conversation which happened between a dealer of PTL and a financial officer at W.M. Mendis & Co.

Boss ge (Aloysius) payment ekak neda” (is this a boss’ payment), one says. Melo deyak Api dan ne illanakota denawa” (We don’t know anything. We give when asked)

The DSG was of the view that even the employees were in a confusion about these inter company payments, which ultimately ended up in Aloysius’ pocket.

Thereafter, referring to the Sunil Hadunnetti’s COPE report, DSG Gunatilleke made the witness to read what Arjun Aloysius had told before the COPE committee in the latter part of 2016 when PTL was under investigation.

Aloysius had guaranteed to COPE that he had resigned from the position as the CEO of PTL in January 2015, after his father-in-law was appointed as the Governor of the CBSL considering the element of conflict of interest that could arise. He had said that thereafter he had never engaged in the operational activities in the company (PTL).

However, it was revealed earlier during PCoI proceedings, through phone conversations between Palisena and Aloysius, that Aloysius had been involved in operational activities of the PTL by instructing its CEO Palisena on bids and passing on ‘price sensitive inside information’ which he had received from some sources referred to as our friends in department” and our friends in powerful places”.

In this backdrop, DSG Gunatillke and Justice Jayawardena repeatedly questioned Palisena to confirm that Arjun Aloysius was actually involved in operational activities regularly as opposed to what he told the COPE.

DSG: So, that means Arjun Aloysius had lied to the COPE, because there is evidence in this commission that he had been involved in PTL operations?

Witness was avoiding the answer.

Justice Chitrasiri: Now we saw from those phone conversations that those bids were placed by you under Aloysius’ instructions, so, under these circumstances was Aloysius’ statement to the COPE true or not?

W: Yes he got involved in operational activities of PTL

DSG: Don’t go around give a straight answer.

Justice Jayawardena: Aloysius had lied to the COPE. Correct or wrong? I want an answer.

Witness finally admitted: He has lied.

(By Shehan Chamika Silva)

සිරසවාහිනිය ඇමති කිරිඇල්ලව ඇහේ ඉදන් පට්ටා පතුරු ගහයි… සියළු සළු පිලි ගලවා දමයි..[Video]

September 15th, 2017

lanka C news

මධ්‍යම අධිවේගී ව්‍යාපෘතියේ ටෙන්ඩර් ක‍්‍රියාවලිය සම්බන්ධයෙන් සිරස රූපවාහිනිය විසින් සිය ප‍්‍රවෘත්ති විකාශණය අතරේදී මහා මාර්ග ඇමති ලක්‍ෂමන් කිරිඇල්ලට එරෙහිව දැඩි චෝදනා ඉදිරිපත් කලේය.

කිහිප වතාවක්ම ප‍්‍රතික්‍ෂෙප වූ සමාගමකට වැඩි මුදලකට මෙම කොන්ත‍්‍රාත්තුව ලබා දී ඇතැයිද සදහන් විය.

20 වන සංශෝධනයට ජනමත විචාරණයක් අනිවාර්යයි..- ශේෂ්ඨාධිකරණය තීන්දු කරයි

September 15th, 2017

lanka C news

පළාත් සභා මැතිවරණය කල් දැමීම සදහා යෝජනා කරන 20 වන ආණ්ඩු ක‍්‍රම ව්‍යවස්ථා සංශෝධනය සදහා ජනමත විචාරණයක් උවමනා බවට ශ්‍රේෂ්ඨාධිකරණයේ මතය වී ඇති බව ආණ්ඩු හිතවාදී වෙබ් අඩවි කිහිපයක්ම වාර්තා කර ඇත.

නීති ක්‍ෂෙත‍්‍ර ආරංචි මාර්ග උපුටා දක්වමින් එම වාර්තාවල තව දුරටත් සදහන්ව ඇත්තේ 20 වන ව්‍යවස්ථා සංශෝධනයට එරෙහිව ඉදිරිපත්ව ඇති පෙත්සම් සලකා බලමින් අනිවාර්යෙන්ම ජනමත විචාරණයක් පැවැත්විය යුතුයයි ශ්‍රේෂ්ඨාධිකරණය නිගමනය කරනු ඇති බවයි.

ශ්‍රේෂ්ඨාධිකරන ත‍්‍රිපුද්ගල විනිසුරු මඩුල්ලේ 2-1ක් ලෙස වන මෙම තීන්දුව ගැන දැනටමත් කතානායකවරයාට දන්වා ඇති අතර 20 වන දා මෙම තීන්දුව පාර්ලිමේන්තුවට දැනුම් දීමට නියමිත බවද සදහන්ය.

ජනපති දියණියට ලේඛණ හැකියාවක් නෑ.. ‘ජනාධිපති තාත්තා’ නමත් හොරකම් කල එකක්.. ලියා ඇත්තේත් වෙන කෙනෙක්..- චතුරිකාට ප‍්‍රබල චෝදනාවක්

September 15th, 2017

 lanka C news

ජනාධිපති වැඩිමහල් දියණිය චතුරිකා සිරිසේන විසින් ‘ජනාධිපති තාත්තා’ නමින් අද දිනයේ එලි දක්වන කෘතිය සම්බන්ධයෙන් එජාපයට හිතවාදී වෙබ් අඩවියක් වාර්තා කොට ඇත්තේ අදාල පොතේ නම පවා ජනපති දියණිය විසින් සොරකම් කොට ඇති බවයි.

මෙම පොත ලියා ඇත්තේද ඇය විසින් නොවන බවත් ලිවීමේ හැකියාවක් ඇයට නැති බවත් සදහන් එම වාර්තාව බාහිර පුද්ගලියන් තුන් දෙනෙකු විසින් එය ලියා ඇති බවත් සදහන් කරයි.

ජනපති දියණියට ලේඛණ හැකියාවක් නෑ.. ‘ජනාධිපති තාත්තා’ නමත් හොරකම් කල එකක්.. ලියා ඇත්තේත් වෙන කෙනෙක්..- චතුරිකාට ප‍්‍රබල චෝදනාවක්

අදාල පුවත මෙතනින්

http://www.lankaenews.com/news/6348/si

චතුරිකා සොරකම් කළ ‘ජනාධිපති තාත්තා‘

(ලංකා ඊ නිව්ස් -2017.සැප්.15, පෙ.ව‍.4.20) මෛත්‍රීපාල සිරිසේන මහතාගේ වැඩිමහල් දියණිය දර්ශනී චතුරිකා සිරිසේන විසින් ‘ජනාධිපති තාත්තා‘ නමින් පොතක් ලියා ඇතැයි කියන අතර එම පොත අද (15) කොළඹ බණ්ඩාරනායක සම්මන්ත්‍රණ ශාලාවේ දී එලි දැක්වීමට නියමිත ය.
මෙම පොත සම්බන්ධයෙන් ප්‍රචාරක වීඩියෝ දැන්වීම් පමණක් 6 ක් ඇයට අයත් දැන්වීම් සමාගම් විසින් නිමවා තිබේ. ඒ දැන්වීම් වලින් දැක්වෙන්නේ පරස්පර විරෝධී මතයන්ය. එකකින් පවසන්නේ මෙය චතුරිකා සිරිසේනගේ ස්වයං ආත්ම ප්‍රකාශනය බවයි. තවත් එකකින් පවසන්නේ මෙය ජනාධිපතිවරයාගේ ජීවිත කතාව බවයි. කෙසේ වෙතත් මෙම පොත එලිදැක්වීම සම්බන්ධයෙන් ඊයේ රාත්‍රී මහාරාජාගේ රූපවාහිනී චැනලයක සම්මුඛ සාකච්ඡාවකට සහභාගී වූ චතුරිකාගේ ප්‍රකාශ වලින් අපට තේරුම් ගත හැකි වූයේ ඇය බොහෝ සිංහල වදන් වල නියමාකාර අර්ථ නොදන්නා බවයි. ඊට උදාහරණ රැසකි. ඇය ‘දෝලනය‘ වන වචනය නිතර භාවිතා කළ නමුත් එය බොහෝ විට යෙදුවේ වැරදි අවස්ථාවන් සඳහා ය.  ‘චරිතාපදානය‘ යන වචනය පවා ඇය දන්නේ නැත. ඇය ඒ වෙනුවට පැවසුවේ ‘චරිතප්‍රධානය‘ කියා ය. සිංහල බස නිවැරදිව හසුරුවන තාත්තා විසින් කියවා ඇති ගෙදර තිබෙන පත පොතවත් ඇය පරිශීලනය කර නැති බව මොනවට පෙණින.

මේ නිසා නිසි ලෙස සරල සිංහල වචන වල අරුත් පවා නොදන්නා චතුරිකා විසින්ම මේ පොත ලීවේ දැයි සැක පහල වූ බැවින් ලංකා ඊ නිව්ස් ඒ පිලිබඳව සොයා බැලීමට තීරණය කෙළේය.

 

 

NGO VULTURES COME FORWARD TO SUPPORT IMBECILE FONSEKA

September 14th, 2017

By : A.A.M.NIZAM – MATAARA

While people throughout the country hold demonstrations, and burn effigies of imbecile Sarath Fonseka against his allegations that our war heroes committed war crimes and his tirade against the highly respected Ven, Elle Gunawansa Thero and other prominent Buddhist monks, the  Dollar voracious NGO vultures such as self exiled PRAA activist and Switzerland domicile Sunanda Deshapriya, a member of the so-called  ‘co-existence’ committee, along with notorious and anti Sri Lankan Pakyasothy Saravanamuttu, that recommended the establishment of an International Tribunal to try Sri Lankan armed forces, and a member of the pro-government NGO outfit called Puravesi Balaya” Vi-Angoda and the self appointed executive Director of the National Peace Council (NPC), the NGO funded by successive Norwegian governments, and the recipient of substantial funding from other foreign ‘sources.’ Jehan Perera have come forward to support the mad hatter Sarath Fonseka.

Sunanda continuously attended UNHRC Geneva sessions to criticize the Sri Lankan armed forces writing an article in Sinhala in the pro-terrorist website vikalpa.org” under the caption War Crimes, Jayasuiya, Fonseka and Sirisena” criticizes Sirisena for his statement made at the 66th SLFP anniversary saying that he will not allow anyone to touch the war heroes. In this article, he reminds Sirisena of the statement made by him saying that he would have been buried under a 6 feet pit if he lost the election in 2015 and points out that the said Pit would have been dug and filled by none other than pro-Rajapaksa security service leaders.   He says that it was these war heroes who dragged Fonseka for imprisonment.

He states that Fonseka has now made a public statement saying that he possesses evidence to prove that General Jagath Jayasuriya committed war crimes and came to know that Jayasuriya mistreated the Tamil people who surrendered to the Army.  He points out that Fonseka has also stated he was planning to file a case against Jayasueiya in a war tribunal.

Referring to the statement made by the incumbent Army Commander Mahesh Senanayake (Divayina 4th September) that the Army is against the statement made by Fonseka saying that 28,000 of the Army sacrificed their lives not to hear statements like this, the NGO vulture Sunanda asks whether Army Commander is saying that cases should not be filed as Fonseka said and no punishment should be meted out against wrong doings?

The NGO vulture points out that General Jayasueriya has told the English Daily Ceylon Today” on 3rd September that he does not know whether the arrested Tamil suspects housed at the infamous Joseph camp were tortured or not. Sunanda says that General Jayasuriya does not say that such things did not happen.  He has only said that the suspects were held in that camp by the Intelligence Units and he had no connection with that.  Not only that he has said if any such things happened in that camp it was other Commanders who should be held responsible for that.   Sunanda says that Mahesh Senanayke may even object this.

Sunanda further states that when it was enquired from Jayasuriya whether he has read the report of the Paranagama Commission appointed by his leader Mahinda Rajapaksa about missing persons of the war time, the former Army Commander has responded that he does not know about it.  He says that this is a wonder but the truth.

Sunanda points out that from this interview and the interview given to the BBC earlier show that the only objective of Jayasuriya was to somehow escape from the war crime allegations against him regardless of whoever who becomes victimized.

This NGO vulture says that this Army Commander is an unwise person and it shows by the statement he made that Sri Lanka government should obtain an official statement from the United Nations Organization saying that Sri Lana has not committed war crimes.  He says what the UN has told Sri Lanka is to investigate through a credible Court about allegations saying that war crimes took place in Sri Lana during the war period.

He asks when the government of Sri Lanka instead of holding an investigation does not even shows an inclination to do so  who can say that war crimes have not taken place in this country? On the other hand the UN has not given such a certificate to any country. The reason for this was that in the recent history there were instances of such evidence coming to light even after thirty or forty years.

He says that it was for such a General that Sirisena was swearing on his head saying that he would protect him.

On the other hand it is not in an international court that a war crime case against Jayasuriya has been filed.  It has been filed in some South American Courts under local Laws.

Although people or organizations can make complaints to the War Crime Tribunals established in accordance with the Rome Convention it can be considered by the Tribunal only if the country concerned is a signatory to the Convention.

Sri Lanka is not a signatory to the Rome Convention.

The International War Crime Tribunal can investigate complaints received from individuals or organizations in respect of such countries only if the UN Security Council or the concerned country made a request to the War Crime Tribunal to do so.

It is stated that in the year 2006 a group of Sri Lankan patriots living in the United States filed a complaint against LTTE recruiting child soldiers in the International War Crime Tribunal.

Similarly other foreign domiciled Sri Lankan groups have also filed cases against the Sri Lankan government.  But none of these complaints was taken into consideration by the International War Crime Tribunal.

Therefore all vagaries being made saying that Jayasuriya will not be produced at the International War Crime Tribunal are only attempts being made to mislead the people.

The case that has been filed in Brazil and Colombia against Jagath Jayasuriya by Yasmin Souka’s South American Organization has no connection with the International War Crime Tribunal. As it was reported in the BBC it has been requested by this case to banish Jagath Jayasuriya from Brazil and to start an investigation about him.

The International media reported that similar cases will be filed in Argentina, Peru and Chile as well.

As per the local Laws of these countries it is possible even persons who violated international humanitarian laws in foreign countries to be taken into custody and cases can be filed against them.

These countries have enacted Laws of this nature in order to mete out punishments in any country for the region’s tyrant leaders and Army commanders for their human rights violations.

On 16th October 1998 the former Chilean Dictator General Pinochet was taken into custody in Britain as a result of a case against him filed in a Spanish Court 6 days prior to that.

Despite whatever being said by Sirisena now if Jagath Jayasuriya visits those South American countries devoid of Ambassadorial privileges, the possibility of taking him into custody and initiating trials against him is very much likely. If he happens to visit Brazil without Ambassadorial privileges he will definitely be taken into custody.

The reason being that the judiciary in those countries, do not dance to the tune of the President of this country, or to the Rulers of those countries. The judiciary of these countries are even powerful to take into custody the corrupt Rulers and former Army Commanders in respect of war crimes.  They are so independent.

If credible accountability process does not happen in Sri Lanka even after ten years a situation like this not only for our Army leaders but also for Heads of State could happen in the European countries as well.

We know that the LTTE carried out war crimes violating human rights.  It assassinated innocent Sinhala and Muslim people and their own Tamil people because their politics was Terrorism.

There is a question that has to be asked from everyone who claims that the Sri Lankan Army in that war did not do any mistake. That is whether the security forces of this country did not fall into the level of barbarism during armed uprising of the Sinhala youth in the South in 1971 and 1988 – 90 period?  Response for this question is written all over the light poles. The question that needs to be asked is that the State forces which inhumanly killed Sinhala youth taken into custody in the South, how could have they treated the Tamil youth taken into custody?

The answer for this question is mixed in the air waves as it has been sung by Bob Dillon. There is no champion who could erase this truth.

Meanwhile, V-Angoda and Jehan Perera too have emphasized in their regular articles and TV talk shows the need to pursue the allegations made by Fonseka and they have deplored the anti-Fonseka demonstrations being held throughout the country.  (

දිවයින ට ආවේශ වී අති  සොලොමන් ලා  ගේ පුහු චින්තන හොල්මන්- I

September 14th, 2017

බෝධි ධනපාල, කිබෙක්, කැනඩාව

දිවයින පත්තරයේ පාඨකයෝ පසු ගිය මෑත අවුරුදු දෙක තුන දී එහි පලවෙන, ජනාධිපති කාර්යාලයට ඇබ්බහි වී ඉන්නා සමහර මැක්කන් ගේ නිතොර ලියවෙන බොරු හෑල්ල අනිවාර්යයෙන්ම දකින්නට ඇත. නලින් ද සිල්වා මහතා නැමැති පුහු “චින්තකයා (see lanka web:  http://www.lankaweb.com/news/items/2017/09/07/නලින්-ද-සිල්ව-නැමති-පුහු-ච/ ) ද ඉහලට ඇද ගත්තේ,  මහ තැනක් දුන්නේ දිවයින  පත්‍රය ඔහුගේ හිස් “විද්‍යා” ලිපි එකල ප්‍රසිද්ධ කල නිසාය.  විද්‍යාව “පට්ට පල් බොරුවක්” යන මතය රට පුරා පතල කොට, එම පුහු “චින්තකය” ඉහල නැගුවේ දිවයින පත්තර කාරයාය. විදුසර කතුවරයා ද එම වරදට යම් තම් හෝ වග කිව යුතුය. නුමුත් අන්තිමේදී නලින් ද සිල්වා ගේ හිස් කම සහ පුස් කම එලි වුනේ ඔහු ඕල්කොට් තුමාට, අනගාරික ධර්මපාල තුමාට සහ සෝම හාමුදුරුවන්ටත් ඉහලින් බුදු දහම තමා දන්න බවත්, “පට්ට-පල් බොරු බට හිර විද්‍යව ඇත් හැර ද, ශාස්ත්‍ර කීම, පේන ඇහීම, නාථ-කතරගම දෙවියන් පසු පස යෑම, ජ්‍යොතිෂය ඇදහීම, “වෛදික ගණිතය” වැනි “දේශීය” විද්‍යාවන් පුහුණු කල යුතු යැයි ( ඊට උදාහරන වශයෙන් සිල්වා මහතා මාස කිහිපයක් තුල කරන ලද සාවද්‍ය ප්‍රකාශ 40ක්    “Newspapers, Dr. Nalin de Silva  and Pseudoscience”.  නැමැති 4-ජූලි-2015 මගේ ලංකාවෙබ් ලිපියෙන් දැක්වූවෙමි ) http://www.lankaweb.com/news/items/2015/06/07/countering-pseudoscience-in-some-of-our-news-media/ විහිලු මය ප්‍රකාශ කරමිනි. එම පුහු චින්තකයා  ඉහලට පුම්බා ගත්  කාලය තුල දී දිවයින පත්තරය ගෙන ගිය ප්‍රතිපත්තියක් ගැන විමසමු.  පුවත් පත් කලාවේ උසස් තම, නිර්දය ලක්ෂණයක් වන, අනිත් පැත්තේ මත වලට ද කරලියක් දීමේ ප්‍රතිපත්තිය දිවයින කතුවරයා සහාසික ලෙස අවලංගු කොට, පුහු “චින්තකයන්ටම”  පමණ කරලිය සීම කළේය.

එදා අනුගමනය කල කුනු බෝක්කු ප්‍රතිපත්තියම අනුගමනය කරමින්, දිවයින පත්තර කාරයා ජනාදිපති කාර්යාලයෙහි මැක්කන්ගේ “වස-විස නැති රටක්” මැවීමේ ප්‍රෝඩාවට යට වී සිටින ආකාරය අපේ අනුකම්පාවට භාජන විය යුතුය. අනුකම්පාවෙන් නතර වීමට නොහැක්කේ එයින් රටට මහා හානියක් මොවුන් ගේ “යහපාලනය” නමින් කරන නිසාය. එම ප්‍රෝඩාවට යට වී දින පතාම වාගේ නොයෙක් දුර්මත වලින් පිරුනු ලිපි දිවයින පත්කරුවා පලකරයි. එපමනක් නොව, එයට ලියන අය ඔවුන් විසින් ම “චින්තක” යන නාමය ඔවුන් ගේ නම මුලට යොදා, පාඨකයා නොමඟ යැවීමට ද ඉඩ දී සිටී. උදාහරණයක් නම්,
“චින්තක සී. ගුණදාස”,
උපදේශක, “වසවිස නැති රටක්‌” ජාතික වැඩසටහන උපායමාර්ගික ව්‍යවසාය කළමනාකරණ ආයතනය (සෙමා) ජනාධිපති කාර්යාලය,
නැමැති අයෙක්  ගේ ලිපියක් සැප්තැම්බර් 13 දී …ආහාර ස්‌වෛරීබව රකින පරිසර ගොවිතැන….  යන සිරස් තලය ඇතුව පල කර තුබුනි. කෘෂිකර්මය, බීජ වර්ග, පලදාව, වස විස ආදිය ගැන මුල් ශ්‍රේණියේ  සප්පයෙක් දන්න දේ වත් මෙම “චින්තකයා” නොදන්න බව ඔහු ගේ ලිපියෙන් පෙනේ.   

හරිත විප්ලවය ගැන ඔහු කියන්නේ කැලිෆොර්නියාවෙහි සහ ඇමෙරිකාවෙහි “බයිබල් බෙල්ට්” හි ඉන්නා විද්‍යාවට එරෙහි මත දරන ඉවැන්ජෙලිකල් කාරයන් කියන අන්දමට හරිත විප්ලවයට සාවද්‍ය විග්‍රහයක් දෙමිනි. කරුනු කන පිට පෙරලා දක්වමිනි.

මෙන්න ඔහු කියන දේ
<මුල>
“හැටේ දශකයේ අග භාගයේදී හරිත විප්ලවය නම් මහා බොරුව මගින් හරිත විප්ලව තාක්‌ෂණය හා එම තාක්‌ෂණ කට්‌ටලයත් 1977 න් පසුව කැඳවාගත් විවෘත ආර්ථිකයත් හේතුවෙන් පසු කාලීනව ගොවිතැන විකෘතියක්‌ බවට පත් විය. එය වාණිජ කෘෂිකර්මයක්‌ බවට පත්වුණේ ලාභය මුල්කර ගනිමින් ය”.
<අග>
 එවැනි විග්‍රහයක් කාබනික පොහොර වඩා හොඳ බව කියමින් විකිනීමට ඉදිරි පත් වී සිටින කූට වෙලෙන්දන්  දෙන බව අපි දනිමු.   ඛනිජ පොහොර නමින් හංදුන් වන නයිට්‍රොජන් (N), පොස්පරස් (P), පොටෑසියම් (K) මිශ්‍රණය ලංකාවේ පාවිච්චිට පටන් ගත්තේ 1930 වකවානුවෙහිදීය. යූරියා (UREA) හැදීමේ හාබර් ක්‍රමය (Harber Process)  එම විද්‍යාඥයෝ සොය ගත්තේ 1909 දීය. ඉතින් ජනාධිපති කාර්යාලයේ ඉන්න මෙම දෙස්පාලන මැක්කා 1960, 1977 යේ  හරිත විප්ලවයක් ගැන කියන්නේ ඇයි? එය ලංකාවට අදාල නැත. ඊට අවුරුදු 40කට පෙර, 1930-1937 කාලය තුල ලංකාව N,P,K පොහොර පාවිච්චිය පටන් ගෙන තිබුනේය. මෙම  ඉන්දියාවට යෙදෙන දින වක වානුවක් ය. ඔන්න චින්තකයා දන්න දේ!

තවද, මෙම පුහු “චින්තකයා” ලංකාවේ සැබෑ ඉතිහාසය නොදනී. ඔහුගේ ඉතිහාසය හුදු හාසයකි. පැරැණ්නෝ මහත් උත්සාහයකින්, වැව් හදමින්, ජල ඇල කනිමින් ගොවිතැන් කල මුත් යන්තම් බඩ පුරවා ගැනීමට වත් හැකිවුනේ නැත. N,P,K  ගැන නොදත් ඔව්හු පොලව අස්සාර වන විට වෙන තැනකට හේන ගෙනයන්නේ කැලය ගිණි තබාය. එම අලු වලින් N, P, K  පසට ලැබී අවුරුද්දක් දෙකක් එහි වගා කරන්නට හැකිවුනි. පැරණි ඇට වලට මහා ජල අවශ්‍ය තාවක් ද තුබුනි. වල පැලෑටි පාලනය කලේ ජලයෙන් කුඹුර යට කිරීමෙනි. එම ජලය පසෙහි ඇති සාරය ද හෝදා ගෙන ගිය හෙයින් පස ඉතා කෙටි කාලයකින් නිස්සාර වේ.  ජලය කොච්චර දුන්නත් අස්වැන්න සුලු විය. එහෙයින් එකල මංද පෝෂ්ණය අධික විය. බලා පොරොත්තු විය හැකි සාමාන්‍ය ජීවන කාලය අවුරුදු 35ක් පැන්නේ නැත. රදල අය සහ සංඝයා ට නම් බඩ පුරවා ගැනීමට හැකි විය. නුමුත් බොහෝ විට නියඟ ඇතිවීම  නිසා ඉහල පෙලේ අයට පවා ව්‍යසන ඇති විය. බැමිනිටියා සෑය ගන විස්තර කරන පාලි වංශ කථ අනුව සංඝයා 25000 පමන මරු මුවට පත් විය හෝ රටින් පලා  (වෙන රට වලට)  ගියහ. ‍යම් යම් මට්ටමේ ඉඩෝර අවුරුදු දශකයෙන් දශකයට පමණ (නිවැරදි වශයෙන් නම්,  වර්ෂ 13නෙන් 13නට ) ඇති වූයේ සූර්‍යයාගේ ලප ඇතිවෙන කාල චක්‍රය අනුව බව නූතන විද්‍යාඥයෝ දනිති. රජරට සරසවියේ මහාචර්ය (සහ එවකට උපකුලපති වූ) සිරිවීර මහතා මේ ගැන ලිපි ලිය ඇත. ඔහු සහ අන් විද්වතුන්  අතීතයේ නිතොර තුබූ ආහාර අවදානම් කම ගැන ශාස්ත්‍රීය ලිපි පල කොට ඇත. එවැනි ලිපි ආශ්‍රයෙන් කරුනු දක්වනවා වෙනුවට, බොලඳ උද්වේග ශීලී සිහින ලොවටම හිමි අධි-අභිමානයම මූලිකවූ සාධක රහිත ඉති-හාස්‍යයමය  ලිපි මෙම පුහු චින්තකයා ලියා ඇත. ඔහු කියන සිහින කතා   අන්දමට අතීතයෙහි හොංදින් කා බී, අසනීප නැති, දීර්ගායුෂ තිබූ මිනිස්සු එකල සිටී ලු! එකල සිටියේ දරු කල ඇතිවෙන රෝග සහ මන්ද පොෂ්ණයෙන් බේරීමට තරම් උපතින්ම ශක්තිමත් ස්වල්ප දෙනෙක් පමණය. එසේ ඉතිරි වූ අය දිගු කලක් ජීවත් වූ මුත්, දරු කාලයේ ම මැරුනු ජනයා ද ගණන් ගත්තොත් සාමාන්‍ය වයස අවුරුදු 35ක් ඉක්මුවේ නැත. මුලු මහත් රටේම ජනගහනය ලක්ෂයක් ඉක්මුවේ බොහෝ කල තුරකිනි.

චින්තක නැමති පට්ටම තමන්ම ආරූඪ කර ගත් “සී. ගුණදාස”,  උපදේශක, වසවිස නැති රටක්‌ ජාතික වැඩසටහන උපායමාර්ගික ව්‍යවසාය කළමනාකරණ ආයතනය (සෙමා) ජනාධිපති කාර්යාල මැක්කා ඉතිහාසය නොදන්නේ පමණ්ක් නොව, ගොවිතැන හෝ ගොවි බීජ වර්ග ගැන ද කිවක් නොදන්න බව ඔහු ගේ ලිපියෙන් ම මොනොවට පැහැදිලි කරයි.

මෙන්න ඔහු කියන දේ
<මුල>
 හරිත විප්ලවය සමඟින් ආරම්භ වූ කෘෂිකර්මය අද දවස වනවිට කරුමයක්‌ බවට පත්වී නොමැතිද? පරම්පරාවෙන් පරම්පරාවට උරුම කරගෙන එන ලද පාරම්පරික දැනුමත්, රටටත්, ජනතාවටත්, සතා සිවුපාවටත් හිතකර බීජ හා රෝපණ ද්‍රව්‍යයන් හඳුනාගෙන ඒවා වගාකර ගනිමින් ඒවා ස්‌වභාවික ක්‍රමයට වැඩිදියුණු කර ගනිමින් එහි ගුණය ඖෂධීය අගය හා ශක්‌ති ප්‍රභවයන් හඳුනාගනිමින් වගා කළා වූ 3,000 කට අධික බීජ වර්ගයන් අපට උරුමව තිබිණි.
<අග>
 3,000 කට අධික බීජ වර්ගයන් ගැන මෙම ජනධිපති මැක්කා කියන්නේ අමූලික බොරුවකි.
 ඊලම් යුද්ධයේදී 40,000-100,000 ක් අහිංසකයන් හමුදාව මරා දැම්මයි කියන බටහිර එන් ජී ඕ (NGO) කාරයෝ කියන්නක් මෙන්ම සාක්ෂි නොමැතිව එය දණ නවා පිලිගත්තේ යහපාලන ජනාධිපතිගේ විදේශ ඇමති මංගල සමරවීරය. එවනි දේ අනුමත කර ගැනීමට බට හිර එන් ජී ඕ කාරයෝ ලංකාවට විත් ඔවුන් ගේ ඇම්බැට්ටයෙක් එක්ක කතා කිරීම සාමන්‍ය පිලිවෙතයි. එහෙයින්, හමුදා  මැරීම ගැන එන් ජී ඕ කාරයෝ පාකියසොති ගෙන් හෝ වියන්ගොඩ ගෙන් හෝ ජෙහාන් පෙරෙරා ගෙන් මෙරටින් කට වචන ගෙන රුකුල් ගනියි. වස-විස නැති රටක් මුවාවෙන් ගෙනියන බොරු ගොවිතැන ගැන ද කතාව එසේමය. ලංකාවේ පොලොව වස වී මාරණික මරු කුඹුරු (“killing fields”) වලට පත් වී ඇති  බව කියමින් බ්‍රයන් බාත් (Bryan Barth, modernfarmer.com/2017/the-killingfileds/ )නැමැති ඇමෙරිකන් එන් ජී ඕ මැක්කා ද එකල ලංකාවේ චිරාගත බීජ වර්ග 3000 ක් තුබුනේ යැයි කීය. දැන් ඒවා වැනසී නැතිවී ගොස් යැයි කීය. එයට රුකුලට සම්බන්ධ කලේ එවැනි පර එන් ජී ඕ කාරයන් සම්ඟ බැඳී වැඩ කරන චන්න ජයසුමන ගෙන් කට වචන ගැනීමය! ජනාදිපති කාර්යාලයේ ඉන්න මැක්කන් කියන කතා අනුවද, චන්න ජයසුමන කියන කතා අනුවද, අයබදු නොගෙවා ආනයනය කරගත් කාර් විකුනමින් ජාවරම් කරන පූජ්‍ය රතන අනුවද, අපේ ලංකාවේ පොලොව දැන් වස විසින් පිරී ගොස් මිනී මරු වස පසක් බවට හැරී ඇත.

හරිත විප්ලවයෙන් පසු “බෙහෙත්” දැමීම නිසා පොලොව වස වී ගොස් ලු! මෙයට හොඳ උත්තරයක් දෙන්නේ එවකට කෘෂිකර්ම් දෙපාතමේන්තුවේ අධ්‍යක්ෂක ජෙනෙරාල් වූ ආචාර්ය අමරසිරි මහතාය.  කුඹුරක් හාන විට නගුල වටා කොක්කු පිරෙන හැටි අපි කවුරුත් අදත්, එදාත් දැක ඇත. කොක්කු පිරෙන්නේ ගැඩවිලන් සහ අනෙකුත් (පසෙහි වැසෙනා ) කෲමීන් ගිල දැමීමටය. ඉතින්, මෙතරම් වස විස ඇති පොලවෙහි කෙසේ මෙම අන්දමින් කෲමීන් සහ ගැඩවිල්ලන් වසයි ද? පොලොවෙහි කැඩ්මියම් ආසෙනික් ආදිය හෝ විසක් යයි කියන (එහෙත් විසක් නොවන ) ග්ලයිෆොසේට් ආදිය පොලොවෙහි ඇතුව, පොලොව මාරකයක් වූවා නම් එයින් ගැඩවිල්ලන් ගිලින කොක්කු එතනම මැරී වැටෙනු ඇත! එවන්නක් කවදාවත් අපි දැක නැත!එම තර්කය මදි නම්, පස අරගෙන රසායනික විශ්ලේශනයන් කල හැකිය. එවැනි පුලුල්  විශ්ලේශන තුන හතරක්ම දැනටම වාර්තා වී ඇත. WHO-NSF මගීන් 2012-2014 දී කරන ලද පරීක්ෂණ වලින් ද, ජපානයේ ටෝකියෝ සරසවියෙහි උදව්ව ද ලබාගෙන 2014 දී පේරාදෙනියේ වෛද්ය පීඨයෙන් කෙරුණ පරීක්ෂණ වලින්ද, 2016 දී උතුරු කැරොලයිනා සරසවිය සහ ශ්‍රි ජයවර්දන පුර සරසවියෙන් කෙරුනු පරීක්ෂණ වලින්ද පෙනී ගියේ කැඩ්මියම්, ආසෙනික්, ලෙඩ්, මර්කරි යනාදී “බැර ලෝහ” වස ද්‍රව්‍ය හෝ ග්ල්යිෆොසේට්, ඩී.ඩී.ටී වැනි පලිබොධ නාශක ද්‍රව්‍ය හෝ ඒව දිරා යන විට නිරුක්ත වන දිරා-කොටස් වල සැලකිය යුතු සුලු මාත්‍ර පමාණයක් වත් නැති බවය (එනම්,බිලියනයකින් දහ කොටසක් වත් නැතිය!). ඉතින්, කෘෂි රසායනයෙන් එනවා යැයි කියන අපද්‍රව්‍යයක්, කිසිම වස විසක්, සුලු මාත්‍රයක් වශයෙන් වත්  පොලවේ හෝ ජලයෙහි නැති නම් කොහේ ද මේ වස-විස ඇති රට තියෙන්නෙ? රතන හිමියන්, අසෝක අබයවර්දන  සහ අනුර සොලොමන් වැන්නන් ගේ සිහින ලොවේ ද?  ඉතින්, දැනටමත් වස විස නැත්නම් මේ ජනාධිපති කාර්‍යාලයට රිංගාගෙන වස විස ගැන කථා කරමින් මහජනයා භීතිමත් කොට මහජනයාගේ ලේ උනුකරන මේ මැක්කො කරන්නේ කුමන ප්‍රෝඩාවක් ද? ගොවිතැනට සුදුසු පොහොර වෙනුවට බයෝ ෆිල්ම්  (BIOFILM) නැමැති ප්‍රකට ප්‍රෝඩාව විකුනා මුදල් ගරා ගන්නද?

බයෝෆිල්ම් ගැන ආචාර්ය වයිද්‍යනාථ (Dr. Waidyanatha) කරුණු විමසා බලා එය ප්‍රෝඩාවක් බවට කරුණු පසුගිය පෙබරවාරි මස අයිලන්ඩ් (ISLAND) පත්තරය මගින් එලි දරව්වක් කලේය. ජනාධිපති කාර්යාලයට රිංගාගෙන ඉන්නා,  උපායෙන් රට රවටන, රටට ව්‍යසන කරන්නට යෙදී ඇත්තන්ට අභියෝගයක් දැමූ මුත්  SEMA මැක් නිහඬින් සිටී. එය ගොවියා රවටවා, කාබනික පොහොරක් යැයි කියා ඔහුගේ මුදල ගරා ගැනීමේ ක්‍රමයකි. බයොෆිල්ම් එකෙන් පොහොරක් වෙන්නේ නැති බව ගොවියා දැන ගන්නේ සල්ලිත් ගෙවා කලක් ගොස් අස්වැන්නක් නොලැබුනු විටය.නමුත් මෙය ජාන්දිපති කාර්යාලයේ SEMA  මැක්කෝ අනුමත කොට අනුග්‍රහය දී සල්ලිත්  ඇතයි ආරන්චි ඇත.

 කාබනික පොහොරයයි කියමින් ඉන්දියාවෙන් ගෙන්නන හුඟක් කැඩ්මියම් වස ඇති නීම් (NEEM)  පොහොර සහ ගොම පොහොර විකුනා, පොලව වස කර ඉන් පසු, “හා, මෙන්න, පොලොව වස වී තිබෙනවා ” කියන්නද? “කාබනික පොහොර” යැයි කියමින් විකුනන පොහොර ද රසායනික විශ්ලේශණ්යකට භාජන කල යුතුය, එවිට මේ මැක්කන් සහ පූජ්‍ය උන්නන්සේ ලා කරන ප්‍රෝඩාව මහජනයාට දැන ගැනීමට හැකිය. අනුර සොලොමොන් ලා කොපමණ නොමඟ ගිය පුහු පුවත් පත් කාරයන් ද යන්න ද පාඨකයාට වැටහෙනු ඇත. එක මතයකට පමණක් ඉඩ දී පිලි ගත් විද්‍යා මතය යට ගැහීමට තරම් සහාසික සොලොමොන් ලා ඇත්ත වශයෙන් ම මෙරටට ඇති වූ මහ වශ කාරයෝ ය.

චිරාජත බීජ වර්ග 3000 ක් නොව වැඩිම උනොත් ඇට වර්ග 600ක් පමණ ඇත. එකම ඇටයට නම් රැසක් ම ඇති හෙයින්ද, උද්භ්ද විද්‍යාව නොදන්නා ජනාදිපති කාර්යාලයට රින්ගාගෙන ඉන්නා, නමින් පමණක “චින්තක” වන මැක්කන්ට ද, ඔවුන් ගෙන් කරුනු උකා ගන්නා එන් ජී ඕ කායරයන්ට ද ඇට අඳුනා ගැනීමට නොහැක. ‘පොක්කලි’ යන නම ඇති වී ඇටයට තව වෙනත් නම් 25 ක් පමණ ඇත.
 එහෙත් ඇත්තේ එකම බීජ වර්ගයකි.  යථා වශයෙන් ඇති  ඇට වර්ග 600ක් පමණ  ගන්නෝරුව කෘෂිකර්ම විද්‍යා (ජනුක සේවාවන්, genetic resources) ආයතනයේ උගතුන්ට පින් සිද්ධ වෙන්න්ට හොඳින් තෝරා බේරා සැකසුරුව ආරක්ෂා කොට ඇත. එම ඇට වර්ග වල සහලේ  ගුණ-අගුණ, වතුර අව්ශ්‍යතාව, අස්වැන්න ප්‍රති ශතය, ආදී සියල්ල ශාස්ත්‍රීය ලිපි වල පල කොට ඇත. එවැනි විදුවන් ගෙන් කරුනු නොඅසා බ්‍රයන් බාත් වනි එන් ජී ඕ කාක්කෝ ජයසුමන ලඟට යන්නේ ඇත්ත සොයා ගැනීමට නොව, ඔවුන්ට කැමති උත්තරය ලබා ගැනීමටය.  මහජන කැක්කුම සහ භීතිය උස්සන සිරස් තල ඇති ලිපි ලිවීමටය.

චිරාගත ඇට වර්ග වෙනුවට දෙමුහුන් (හය්බ්‍රිඩ්, hybrid) ඇට වර්ග ඇති කරන්නේ ඇට වර්ග දෙකකම ඇති ගුණදාවන් එකට ලබා ගැනීමට පමණක් නොව, එම ඇට දෙවර්ගයේ ඇති අගුණ ද බොහෝ ලෙස මකා දමමින්ය. මෙය හොඳින් කිරීමට ජනුක විද්‍යාව ද සහාය ට ගනිමින්, ගන්නොරුව, බතලගොඩ ආදී පර්යේෂණ ආයතන වල ද, ඊට පෙර තුබූ තැන් වල ද, 1920 කාලයේ සිටම නියුක්ත වූ ලාංකික ව්ද්‍යාඥයෝ අලුත් බීජ වර්ග ක්‍රමක් කර්මයෙන් ඇති කලෝය. මිලියන හතරකටත් අඩු වූ 1900 යේ ජනගහනය වැඩිවෙන්නට පටන් ගෙන අද මිලියන 22ක් වී ඇත. ජනගහනය පස් හය ගුනයක් වැඩි වී ඇත්නම්, අස්වැන්නද ඊට අනුපාතිකව වැඩි කල යුතුය. අලුත් ගොවි ජනපද ඇති කරමින්, එයිවාට අවශ්‍ය අලුත් හයිබ්‍රිඩ් වී ඇට යොදමින් මෙරට මහ ජනයාට කන්න දුන්නේ අපගේ කපටි දේසපාලනඥයන් නොව්, මැක්කෝ නොව, සිවුරු ඇඳගත් ප්‍රෝඩා කාරයන් නොව,  කෘෂි විද්‍යාඥයන් ය.  අලුත් බීජ වී වර්ග 60ක් පමණ ඇත. පස සහ කලාපය අනුව, එයින් වර්ග 10යක් -12හක් අපේ ගොවියෝ නිතොර පාවිච්චි කරති.   හෙක්ටාරයකට අස්වැන්න  ටොන් 5-7 දක්වා මෙම බීජ වලින් ලැබිය හැකිය. චිරාගත ඇට වලින් සහ චිරාගත ගොවි ක්‍රම වලින් හෙක්ටාර්යකට  අස්වැන්න ටොන් 0.6 පමණ ලද හැකි බව 1940 කාලයේ දී ලැබුනු අස්වැන්න සටහන් වලින් තීරණය කල හැකිය. එහෙයින්, අලුත් ගොවිතැන් කර්ම වලින් අවශ්‍ය වතුර සහ ඉඩම් ප්‍රමාණය ද අඩු කරමින්, අස්වැන්න ප්‍රමාණය 10 ගුණයකින් පමණ වැඩි කිරීමට හැකි වී තිබේ.   

එවනි කරුණු නොදනින, විද්‍යාව අබ මල් රේනුවක් තරම් වත් නොදන්න සොලොමන් ලා, පූජ්‍ය රතන ලා මෙතෙක් යහතින් රට බේරාගෙන කල වැඩ කටයුතු වලට වින කරන්න යන්නේ ඇයි? වඳුරා අතට දලි පිහිය දුන්නොත් වෙන්නේ කුමක් ද? පූජ්‍ය රතන, අසෝක අබයවර්දන වැනි වානරයන් අතට දලි පිහි දී, අනුර සොලොමන් ලාට දලි පිහියේ යථා තත්වය වහන් කිරීමේ කාර්‍ය දී, මේ ජනාධිපති කර්‍යාලයට ඇතුල්වී ඇති “උපාය කාරී රටටම ව්‍යසන කලමනා කරන ආයතනයේ” මැක්කො රටට මහා ව්‍යසනයක්ම කරනු ඇත. සෝවියට් රජය කාලයේ දී මාක්ස් වාදය ට අනුව ගොවිතැන කල යුතු යැයි කියමින් දලි පිහිය අතට ගත්ත වාණරයාගේ නම ලයිසෙන්කෝ (Lysenko) වේ. ලය්සෙන්කො නිසා සොවීට් (SOVIET)  ජනයා සාගතයට පත්වී දස් ගනනින් මිය යන විට ඔහුව නිකිට කෘශෙව් විසින් පහ කරන ලදී. සේමා (SEMA) ආයතනයෙහි මහ මැක්කෙකු වන අසොක අබයවර්දන ලංකාවට වැදුනු ලයිසෙන්කෝ ලෙස (එකල ස්‍රී ජයවර්ධන පුර සරසවියේ උපකුලපති සහ රසායනය මහාචාර්ය වූ) චන්ද්‍ර ධර්මවර්ධන මහතා විසින් හඳුන්වා දී ඇත. මාක්ස් වාදය වෙනුවට චිරාගත ක්‍රමවාදය වැලඳාගත් සොල්මන් ලා, අසොක ලා අර්ජුන ලා, රතන ලා ලංකාවට කුමන හෙනයක් අන්තිමේ දී දමා, ඔවුන්ගේ මඩිස්සල පුරාගෙන පිටවේ දැයි අපට  දැනටමත් කනගාටුවෙන් හිතා ගත හැකිය.

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Former President weighs in on Palpita-Weeratunga ruling

September 14th, 2017

By Sanchith Karunaratna Courtesy Derana

September 14, 2017   01:38 pm

 In a press release circulated earlier today (14), former President Mahinda Rajapaksa expressed his sentiments on the conviction of former Secretary to the President Lalith Weeratunga and former Director of the TRC Anusha Palpita stating that ruling shocked the nation.

In his statements, Mahinda Rajapaksa explicitly stated that both Anusha Palpita and Lalith Weeratunga had only carried out legitimate instructions given to them by the President at the time and that the current regime should act responsibly to protect state servants from simply executing their duties.

The release read as follows,

 MEDIA RELEASE

The ‘sil redi’ project

The former Secretary to the President Lalith Weeratunga and the former Director General of the Telecommunications Regulatory Commission (TRC) Anusha Pelpita were declared guilty by the High Court under Section 386 of the Penal Code of ‘dishonestly misappropriating’ a sum of Rs. 600 million belonging to the TRC by remitting the said sum to a bank account of the Presidential Secretariat to be used for the purpose of distributing sil redi during the last Presidential elections. They have each been sentenced to three years rigorous imprisonment, a fine of Rs. two million and either the payment of Rs 50 million in compensation to the TRC or a further two years of rigorous imprisonment. Many people including the media have asked me about this matter and I feel I should make my views known to the public.

To say that this conviction and sentence has shocked the country would be an understatement. The judgement itself states that neither Lalith Weeratunga nor Anusha Pelpita had appropriated for their personal use any of the money used to purchase sil redi. From my point of view, they only carried out legitimate instructions issued to them by the President of the country. The verbal instructions given by me in this regard have been recorded in the form of minutes placed by Mr Weeratunga on correspondence with officials of the Presidential Secretariat. On 20 March 2014, Mr Weeratunga wrote a minute to the Senior Assistant Secretary of the Presidential Secretariat outlining eight projects that I had ordered funded through the President’s Special Development Fund during the year 2014.

The sixth item on this list was providing ‘material aid’ to the devotees observing sil at temples on Poya days. The other projects on the list included funding for the IT section of the Kotelawala Defence University and assistance to construct houses for low income earners in the former ‘border villages’ etc. On 12 May 2014, in yet another minute to the Senior Assistant Secretary Mr Weeratunga had stated that I had given instructions that sil redi be distributed to devotees observing sil on Poya days. This was long before the declaration of the presidential election. The purpose of the President’s Special Development Fund which had an annual budget of Rs. 1,000 million and was started in 2012, was to fill the gaps left by other ministries and to meet requests made directly to the President. The Coordinating Secretary for Religious Affairs of the Presidential Secretariat Ven. Watinapaha Somananda Thera was in charge of implementing the sil redi project.

At the latter’s request, the Economic Affairs Ministry carried out a survey through Samurdhi Niladharis to identify the requirements of sil redi at temples countrywide. The suppliers were instructed to hand over the sil redi to a main temple in each Divisional Secretariat area from where they would be distributed to other temples. This was a project implemented countrywide, involving 11,021 temples. This was aid supplied to the temples, not to voters. After the sil redi reached the temples, the Chief Incumbent monk became the sole authority who could decide when, how, and to whom the sil redi would be distributed. No time frame was imposed on the temples to carry out the distribution. They could have been distributed either immediately or even a year later at the discretion of the Chief Incumbent of the temple.

The mode of distribution did not enable the beneficiaries to be selected on political grounds. School uniforms are also distributed towards the end of the year and cannot be withheld even if an election was on. Nobody would suggest that the receipt of school uniforms during an election would influence the result of the election. The sil redi was also general state aid distributed across the board to Buddhist devotees just like the school uniforms. In fact the suppliers of school uniforms to the government had been mobilised for the sil redi project as well. The sil redi was not meant just for adults of voting age but for daham pasal students observing sil on Poya days as well. It was stated in the judgement that the sil redi parcels contained a label which read Mahinda Rajapaksa methithuman Mahinda Chinthana prathipaththi walata anuwa yamin karana daham pandurak”. (A religious offering made by Mahinda Rajapaksa in pursuance of Mahinda Chintanaya policies.)

This was only a label stating the provenance of the sil redi, and in any event, is not in violation of Sections 72 and 68(1)(e) of the Presidential Elections Act No:15 of 1981, which deal with the display of printed matter during elections. Section 77 of the Presidential Elections Act on ‘treating’ voters, also does not apply to this case because the sil redi was handed over to temples without any time frame for distribution and were provided to all regardless of the political affiliation of the temples and the devotees. Lalith Weeratunga and Anusha Pelpita were never charged for election related offences even though this is being portrayed as a case relating to the misuse of public property during election time. Under Section 164(4) of the Criminal Procedure Code, the charges brought against the accused have to clearly state the law under which the offence said to have been committed, is punishable.

The reason why money had to be obtained for this project from the TRC is because on 14 October 2014, the Chief Accountant of the Presidential Secretariat sent Lalith Weeratunga a note stating that the allocation of the President’s Special Development Fund for the year 2014 was Rs. 1,000 million and that Rs. 400 million of this had to be given to a project of the Kotelawala Defence University and that there was insufficient funds for the sil redi project. Lalith Weeratunga replied to this with a minute on 15 October 2014 instructing the Chief Accountant to release the money to the Kotelawala Defence University and that the money for the sil redi project will be obtained from the TRC to be reimbursed later. Mr Weeratunga had written to the Director General of the TRC on 30 October 2014, stating that it had been decided to obtain financial patronage (mulya anugrahaya) for this project from the TRC.

Thereupon, Anusha Pelpita Director General of the TRC had prepared a board paper for this purpose on the same day seeking the approval of the board, (a) to allocate Rs. 600 million to the Corporate Social Responsibility budget of the TRC as an extra budgetary allocation, (b) to approve the donation of Rs. 600 million to the President’s Special Development Fund and (c) to spend this amount from the corporate social responsibility budget of the TRC. This paper had been presented to the TRC board meeting held on 15 December 2014 and all three proposals had been unanimously approved by the Commission. The money from the TRC had been remitted to the Presidential Secretariat account on 5 December 2014.  On 29 December 2014, Lalith Weeratunga sent a note to the Chief Accountant stating that the money from the TRC should be reimbursed as soon as the allocation for 2015 is received and that at least Rs. 200 million should be paid back in the first quarter of 2015.

According to Section 22F(3) of the Sri Lanka Telecommunications Act No: 25 of 1991 as amended by Act No: 27 of 1996, the board of directors of the TRC can authorise any payment in the performance of its tasks. Sections 218, 115, 65, 66, 68, 93 and 94 of the Financial Regulations of the Government of Sri Lanka also authorises ‘Chief Accounting Officers’ (who in the case of the Presidential Secretariat was Lalith Weeratunga) to transfer money between government agencies under his authority on the basis of reimbursement. Regrettably, the written evidence presented to courts in the form of Lalith Weeratunga’s minutes giving instructions to the Chief Accountant or the Senior Assistant Secretary of the Presidential Secretariat in relation to this project have not been considered in the judgement delivered by the High Court.

The prosecution brought 21 witnesses to prove their case against the accused. The High Court has not taken into account the evidence provided by prosecution witness No: 13 Hewage Emali Priyanthara, No: 20 Ruwani Saumya Gunaratne, No: 15 Rev. Watinapaha Somananda Thero, No: 04 Saputhanthrige Chandra Jagath, No: 14 Mallika Kanakanamlage Jayantha and prosecution witness No: 5 Amarasinghe Lekamge Don Gunaratne (the Chief Accountant of the Presidential Secretariat) on the grounds that they had worked with the accused in the Presidential Secretariat and the TRC and were also connected to the sil redi project and that they had been partial (lediyawak) or sympathetic to the accused. These were witnesses called by the prosecution – not the defence – and their evidence had been provided to courts under oath.

This has very serious implications for state employees at all levels. If for example an employee of the Customs Department is taken to courts for allegedly violating procedure, the only way to prove or disprove that such a violation took place is through written and verbal evidence from within the Customs Department itself. If in such cases, even the testimony of witnesses brought by the prosecution is not taken into account on the grounds that they had worked with the accused and were therefore partial, the accused government servant will have no defence at all.  Another matter of grave concern in the case of Lalith Weeratunga, is that the handwritten instructions given by the highest State official in the land to his subordinates have not been considered by the courts.

If this becomes a precedent, no State employee charged in a court of law will ever be able to prove his innocence. The unanimous approval of Anusha Pelpita’s board paper by the TRC board of directors on 15 December 2014 has also not been taken into account  in a situation where the authority with exclusive power to utilise the funds of the TRC is the TRC board of directors. This will have serious implications for all private sector and state sector bodies that are run by boards of directors. The severe sentence imposed on Lalith Weeratunga and Anusha Pelpita is not because they enriched themselves through corrupt means but because they carried out the instructions of the head of state to distribute sil redi to temples in pursuance of the government’s obligations under Article 9 of the Constitution to foster and protect Buddhism.

Under our constitution, the direction and control of the government is the responsibility of the cabinet of ministers (including the President) and the public service is expected to work in good faith to achieve the policy objectives of the government. Therefore public servants who carry out lawful instructions issued to them by the President and the Cabinet should be protected if there are no serious allegations of corruption against them.

Mahinda Rajapaksa
Former President of Sri Lanka

සිල් රෙදි ව්‍යාපෘතියේ මුල සිට අගටම මෙන්න.. මහින්ද සියල්ල පහදයි..

September 14th, 2017

පසුගිය රජය සමයේ ක‍්‍රියාත්මක කරන ලද බෞද්ධ උපාසක උපාසිකාවන් සදහා සිල් රෙදි බෙදා දීමේ ව්‍යාපෘතිය සම්බන්ධයෙන් කරුණු පැහැදිලි කරමින් හිටපු ජනාධිපති මහින්ද රාජපක්‍ෂ මහතා විසින් නිකුත් කර ඇති නිවේදනයක් පහත දැක්වෙයි.

මාධ්‍ය නිවේදනය

සිල් රෙදි ව්‍යාපෘතිය

හිටපු ජනාධිපති ලේකම් ලලිත් වීරතුංග හා විදුලි සංදේශ නියාමන කොමිසමේ හිටපු අධ්‍යක්‍ෂ ජනරාල් අනූෂ පැල්පිට දණ්ඩ නීති සංග්‍රහයේ අංක 386 වගන්තියට අදාලව වරදකරුවන් බවට මහාධිකරණය විසින් තීන්දු කර ඇත. මෙහිදී චෝදනාව වූයේ  විදුලි සංදේශ නියාමන කොමිසමට අයත් රුපියල් මිලියන 600ක මුදලක් ජනාධිපති ලේකම් කාර්යාලයේ ගිණුමකට බැරකර සිල්රෙදි බෙදා දීම සඳහා සාවද්‍ය ලෙස පරිහරණය කර තිබෙන බවයි. මේ සඳහා මෙම නිලධාරීන් දෙදෙනාට ලැබී ඇති දඩුවම වන්නේ බරපතල වැඩ ඇතිව අවුරුදු තුනක සිර දඩුවමක් සහ එක් අයෙකුට රුපියල් මිලියන 02 බැගින් දඩයකි. එයට අමතරව විදුලි සංදේශ නියාමන කොමිසමට එක් අයෙකු රුපියල් මිලියන 50 බැගින් වන්දියක් ගෙවිය යුතු  වන අතර එම මුදල ගෙව්වේ නැතිනම් තවත් අවුරුදු 02ක බරපතල වැඩ ඇතුව සිර දඩුවම් නියම වෙනු ඇත. මේ කාරණය ගැන බොහෝ අය මගෙන් විමසා සිටින නිසා මේ සම්බන්ධයෙන් මගේ අදහස් ජනතාව ඉදිරියේ තැබිය යුතු යැයි සිතමි.

මේ නඩු තීන්දුවෙන් හා දඩුවමෙන් මුලු රමට විමතියටත් කනස්සල්ලටත් පත් වී ඇත. ලලිත් වීරතුංග හෝ අනූෂ පැල්පිට සිල්රෙදි මිලදී ගැනීම සඳහා යොදවා ඇති මුදල් තමන්ගේ ප්‍රයෝජනයට ලබාගෙන නැති බව නඩු තීන්දුවේම සඳහන් වේ. මගේ දෘෂ්ඨිකෝණයෙන් බලන කල මොවුන් කර ඇත්තේ රටේ ජනාධිපතිවරයා විසින් ඔවුන් වෙත ලබාදුන් නීත්‍යානුකූල නියෝගයක් ක්‍රියාත්මක කිරීම පමණි. මා විසින් ඔවුන්ට මේ සම්බන්ධයෙන් ලබා දී තිබූ වාචික උපදෙස් ලලිත් වීරතුංග මහතා ජනාධිපති ලේකම් කාර්යාලයේ ලිපිගොනුවල වෙනත් නිලධාරීන්ගේ දැනගැනීම පිණිස සිය අත් අකුරින්ම තබා ඇති සටහන් වලින් පැහැදිලි වේ. 2014 මාර්තු 20 වනදා ජනාධිපති ලේකම් කාර්යාලයේ ජ්‍යෙෂ්ඨ සහකාර ලේකම්ගේ අවධානය පිණිස තබන ලද ලිඛිත සටහනක ජනාධිපති විශේෂ සංවර්ධන මූලාරම්භ ගිණුම යටතේ 2014 වසර තුළ ‍සිදුකල යුතු බවට මා විසින් නියෝග දුන් ව්‍යාපෘති අටක් පිළිබඳ විස්තර සටහන් කොට ඇත.

මේ ලැයිස්තුවේ 6 වෙනි අංගය වූයේ පෝය දිනවල පන්සල් වල සිල් ගන්නා බැතිමතුන්ට ද්‍රව්‍යමය  ආධාර සැපයීමේ ව්‍යාපෘතියකි. එම ලැයිස්තුවේ තිබුණු සෙසු අංග අතර කොතලාවල ආරක්‍ෂක විශ්ව විද්‍යාලයේ පරිඝනක අංශයට හා කලින් මායිම් ගම්මාන වශයෙන් හැඳින්වූ ප්‍රදේශවල අඩු ආදායම්ලාභී පවුල් වලට නිවාස ඉදි කිරීමට ආධාර කිරීම වැනි ව්‍යාපෘති විය. 2014 මැයි 12 වනදා වීරතුංග මහතා සිය ජ්‍යෙෂ්ඨ සහකාර ලේකම්වරයාට සටහනක් තබමින් පවසා සිටියේ පෝය දිනවල සිල් ගන්නා බැතිමතුන්ට සිල්රෙදි බෙදා දිය යුතු බවට මම උපදෙස් දී ඇති බවයි. මේ ජනාධිපතිවරණය කැඳවීමට බොහෝ කලකට පෙරය. වසරකට රුපියල් මිලියන 1,000 ක මුදල් ප්‍රතිපාදනයක් සහිතව 2012 දී ආරම්භ කරන ලද ජනාධිපති විශේෂ සංවර්ධන මූලාරම්භ ගිණුමේ කාර්යභාර්ය වූයේ වෙනත් අමාත්‍යංශ හා දෙපාර්තමේන්තු වල වැඩසටහන් වල හිඩැස් පිරවීම හා ජනාධිපතිවරයාට ඍජුව කෙරෙන ඉල්ලීම් වලට ප්‍රතිචාර දැක්වීමයි. මේ යටතේ ආරම්භ වූ සිල්රෙදි ව්‍යාපෘතිය ක්‍රියාත්මක කරනු ලැබුවේ ජනාධිපති ලේකම් කාර්යාලයේ ආගමික කටයුතු සම්බන්ධීකරණ ලේකම් ධූරය දැරෑ වටිනාපහ සෝමානන්ද හිමියන්ය.

සෝමානන්ද හිමිගේ ඉල්ලීම පරිදි සමෘද්ධි නිලධාරීන් මාර්ගයෙන් රටපුරා පන්සල් වලින් සිල්රෙදිවල අවශ්‍යතාවය සමීක්‍ෂණය කරනු ලැබුවේ ආර්ථික කටයුතු අමාත්‍යංශය විසිනි. සිල්රෙදි සපයන පුදගලික කොන්ත්‍රාත්කරුවන් එක් එක්  ප්‍රාදේශීය ලේකම් කොට්ඨාශවල නම් කරන ලද එක් ප්‍රධාන පන්සලකට මේ සිල්රෙදි භාර දෙනු ලැබූ අතර, සෙසු පන්සල් මේ ප්‍රධාන මධ්‍යස්ථානයෙන් තමන්ට අදාල සිල් රෙදි ප්‍රමාණය ලබා ගැනීම මෙහි  ක්‍රමවේදය විය. මෙය පන්සල් 11,021 ක සහභාගීත්වයෙන් දීපව්‍යාප්තව සිදුකරන ලද ව්‍යාපෘතියකි. මෙකී සිල්රෙදි සපයන ලද්දේ පන්සල්වලට මිස ඡන්ද දායකයන්ට නොවේ. සිල්රෙදි පන්සලට ලැබුණු පසු එම සිල්රෙදි බෙදා දෙන්නේ කවදාද, කේසේද, කාටද යන්න තීන්දු කරනු ලැබුවේ විහාරාධිපති හිමිවරුන්ගේ අභිමතය පරිදිය. අසවල් දිනට පෙර මේ සිල්රෙදි බෙදා දිය යුතු යැයි පන්සල් වලට කිසිදු උපදෙසක් ලබාදී තිබුනේ නැත. විහාරාධිපති හිමිවරුන්ගේ අභිමතය පරිදි එම සිල්රෙදි එක්කෝ එවෙලේම නැතිනම් අවුරුද්දකට පසුව වුවද බෙදා දිය හැකි විය.

බෙදා හැරීමේ ක්‍රමවේදය තුළ දේශපාලන කාරණා මත සිල් රෙදි ලාභීන් තේරීමට කිසිඳු අවස්ථාවක් නොවීය. පාසල් නිල ඇඳුම් ව්‍යාපෘතිය යටතේ නිල ඇඳුම් බෙදා දෙන්නේද අවුරුද්දේ අන්තිමට වන අතර ඡන්දයක් තිබුණත් එය නැවැත්විය නොහැක. ඡන්දයක් පවතින අතර පාසල් නිල ඇඳුම් බෙදා දීමෙන් ඡන්දයේ ප්‍රතිඵලය වෙනස් වීමට ඉඩ තිබෙනවා යැයි කිසිවෙකුවත් කියන්නේ නැත. මෙම සිල් රෙදිද පාසල් නිල ඇඳුම් මෙන්ම බෞද්ධ බැතිමතුන්ට පොදුවේ බෙදා දෙනු ලැබූ රාජ්‍ය ආධාර විය. මේ සිල්රෙදි ව්‍යාපෘතිය සඳහාද යොදාගනු ලැබුවේ ආන්ඩුවේ පාසල් නිල ඇඳුම් ව්‍යාපෘතියේ පුද්ගලික සැපයුම්කරුවන්ම බවද සැලකිය යුතුය. වැඩිහිටියන්ට පමණක් නොව පෝය දිනවල සිල් ගන්නා දහම් පාසල් සිසුන්ටද සිල්රෙදි ලබාදෙනු ලැබීය. මෙකී සිල්රෙදි පැකැට්ටුවේ, මහින්ද රාජපක්‍ෂ මැතිතුමන් මහින්ද චින්තන ප්‍රතිපත්තිවලට අනුව යමින් කරන දහම් පඞුරක්” කියමින් ලේබලයක් තිබුණු බව මෙම නඩු තීන්දුවේ සඳහන්ය.

නමුත් මෙය මේ සිල්රෙදි ලැබෙන්නේ කොතනින්දැයි පෙන්වන ලේබලයක් පමණක් මිස 1981 අංක 15 දරණ ජනාධිපති මැතිවරණ පනතේ ඡන්ද සමයේ මුද්‍රිත පත්‍රිකා ප්‍රදර්ශනය කිරීමට අදාල 72 හා 68 (1)(ඉ) වගන්ති උල්ලංගනය කරන්නක් නොවේ. ජනාධිපති මැතිවරණ පනතේ ඡන්ද දායකයන්ට ‘සංග්‍රහ’ කිරීමට අදාල 77 වන වගන්තියද මීට අදාල නොවන්නේ මේ සිල්රෙදි සපයනු ලැබුවේ පන්සල් වලට මිස ඡන්ද දායකයන්ට නොවන නිසාය. එමෙන්ම මේවා බෙදා හැරීමට කිසිඳු කාල වකවානුවක් ලබාදී නොතිබුණු අතර දේශපාලන භේද නොතකා සියලු පන්සල් හා බෞද්ධ බැතිමතුන් ආවරණය වන පරිදි මේ ව්‍යාපෘතිය ක්‍රියාත්මක විය. මෙය ඡන්ද සමයේ පොදු දේපල අවභාවිතය සම්බන්ධ නඩුවක් හැටියට හුවා දැක්වීමට ඇතැම් අය උත්සාහ ගත්තද ලලිත් වීරතුංගට හා අනුෂ පැල්පිටට එරෙහිව ඡන්ද නීති උල්ලංගනය කිරීම සම්බන්ධයෙන් කිසිදු චෝදනාවක් ගොනුකරනු ලැබුව නැත. අපරාධ නඩු විධාන සංග්‍රහයේ අංක  164(4) වගන්තිය අනුව, යම් චූදිතයෙකුට එරෙහිව චෝදනා ගොනු කිරීමේදී ඔවුන්ට දඩුවම් පැමිණවිය හැකි වරදට අදාල නිතිය පැහැදිලිව සඳහන් විය යුතුය. නමුත් එවැන්නක් මෙහිදී සිදුවී තිබෙන බවක් නොපෙනේ.

මේ ව්‍යාපෘතිය සඳහා මුදල් විදුලි සංදේශ නියාමන කොමිසමෙන් ලබා ගැනීමට සිදුවුයේ ජනාධිපති විශේෂ සංවර්ධන මූලාරම්භ ගිණුමේ මුදල් වෙනත් කටයුත්තකට යෙදවීමට සිදුවීම නිසාය. 2014 ඔක්තෝබර් 14 වන දා ජනාධිපති ලේකම් කාර්යාලයේ ප්‍රධාන ගණකාධිකාරීවරයා ලලිත් වීරතුංග මහතාට සටහනක් යොමු කරමින් පවසා සිටියේ 2014 වසර සඳහා ජනාධිපති විශේෂ සංවර්ධන මූලාරම්භ ගිණුමට ලබා දී ඇත්තේ රුපියල් මිලියන 1,000ක ප්‍රතිපාදනයක් බවත්, එයින් රුපියල් මිලියන 400 ක් කොතලාවල ආරක්‍ෂක විද්‍යාලයේ ව්‍යාපෘතියකට දීමට සිදු වී ඇති නිසා සිල්රෙදි ව්‍යාපෘතියට ප්‍රමාණවත් මුදල් නොමැති බවයි. මෙයට පිළිතුරු දෙමින් 2014 ඔක්තෝබර් 15 වන දා සටහනක් තැබු ලලිත් වීරතුංග පවසා සිටියේ කොතලාවල ආරක්‍ෂක විශ්ව විද්‍යාලයට යැවිය යුතු මුදල් ඔවුන්ට ලබා දිය යුතු බවත්, සිල්රෙදි ව්‍යාපෘතියට අවශ්‍ය මුදල් පසුව ප්‍රතිපූර්ණ කිරීමේ පදනම මත විදුලි සංදේශ නියාමන කොමිසමෙන් ලබා ගන්නා බවයි. 2014 ඔක්තෝබර් 30 වනදා විදුලි සංදේශ නියාමන කොමිසමේ අධ්‍යක්‍ෂ ජනරාල්වරයාට ලිපියක් ලියමින් වීරතුංග මහතා පවසා සිටියේ මේ සිල්රෙදි ව්‍යාපෘතිය සඳහා මූල්‍ය අනුග්‍රහය විදුලි සංදේශ නියාමන කොමිසමෙන් ලබා ගැනීමට තීන්දු කර ඇති බවයි.

ඒ අනුව විදුලි සංදේශ නියාමන කොමිසමේ අධ්‍යක්‍ෂ ජනරාල් අනූෂ පැල්පිට එදිනම මාණ්ඩලික පත්‍රිකාවක් සකස් කරමින් මේ සඳහා විදුලි සංදේශ කොමිසමේ අධ්‍යක්‍ෂක මණ්ඩලයේ අනුමැතිය ලබා ගැනිමට කටයුතු කලේය. මේ මාණ්ඩලික පත්‍රිකාවෙන් අධ්‍යක්‍ෂ මණ්ඩලයේ අවසරය ඉල්ලා සිටිනු ලැබුවේ, (1) ආර්ථික ප්‍රතිපාදනයක් හැටියට විදුලි සංදේශ නියාමන කොමිසමේ සමාජසේවා ගිණුමට රුපියල් මිලියන 600ක් වෙන් කිරීමටත් (2) මෙකී රුපියල් මිලියන 600 ජනාධිපති විශේෂ සංවර්ධන මූලාරම්භ ගිණුමට ලබා දීමටත් (3) මෙකී මුදල් විදුලි සංදේශ නියාමන කොමිසමේ සමාජ සේවා ගිණුම හරහා වැය කිරීමටත් යන කාරණා තුන සඳහාය. මෙකී මාණ්ඩලික පත්‍රිකාව 2014 දෙසැම්බර් 15 වනදා පවත්වනු ලැබූ අධ්‍යක්‍ෂක මණ්ඩල රැස්වීමට ඉදිරිපත් කරනු ලැබූ අතර එම යෝජනා තුනම කොමිසම විසින් ඒකමතිව සම්මත කරන ලදී. 2014 දෙසැම්බර් 5 වනදා අදාල මුදල විදුලි සංදේශ නියාමන කොමිසමෙන් ජනාධිපති ලේකම් කාර්යාලයේ ගිණුමට යවා තිබුණි. 2014 දෙසැම්බර් 29 වනදා ජනාධිපති ලේකම් කාර්යාලයේ ප්‍රධාන ගණකාධිකාරීවරයාට සටහනක් ලියමින් ලලිත් වීරතුංග මහතා පවසා සිටියේ 2015 වසර සඳහා මුදල් ප්‍රතිපාදන ලැබුණු විගස අදාල මුදල විදුලි සංදේශ නියාමන කොමිසමට ප්‍රතිපූර්ණ කල යුතු බවත් 2015 පළමු කාර්තුව ඇතුලත අඩුම වශයෙන් රුපියල් මිලියන 200ක් වත් එසේ ලබාදීමට කටයුතු කල යුතු බවයි.

1996 අංක 27 දරණ පනතින් සංශෝධිත 1991 අංක 25 දරණ ශ්‍රී ලංකා විදුලි සංදේශ පනතේ 22ඊ(3) වගන්තියට අනුව විදුලි සංදේශ නියාමන කොමිසමේ අධ්‍යක්‍ෂ මණ්ඩලයට එම කොමිසමේ ඕනෑම වියදමකට අනුමැතිය දීමට බලය ඇත. ශ්‍රී ලංකා ආණ්ඩුවේ මුදල් රෙගුලාසිවල අංක 218,115,65,66,68,93 හා 94 යන වගන්ති වලට අනුව ඒ ඒ අමාත්‍යංශ වල ‘ප්‍රධාන ගිණුම් තබන නිලධාරීන්ට’ තමා යටතේ තිබෙන එක් ආයතනයකින් තවත් ආයතනයකට ප්‍රතිපූර්ණ කිරීමේ පදනම මත මුදල් ලබා දීමට බලය ඇත. ජනාධිපති ලේකම් කාර්යාලයේ ප්‍රධාන ගිණුම් තබන නිලධාරියා වූයේ ලලිත් වීරතුංග මහතාය. ජනාධිපති ලේකම් කාර්යාලයේ ප්‍රධාන ගණකාධිකාරීවරයාට හා ජ්‍යෙෂ්ඨ සහාකර ලේකම්වරයාට ලලිත් වීරතුංග මහතා ලියා තිබුණු සටහන් උසාවියට ඉදිරිපත් කර තිබුණද තීන්දුව දීමේදී ඒ ලිඛිත සාක්‍ෂි මහාධිකරණය විසින් සැලකිල්ලට ගෙන නැත.

පැමිණිලි පාර්ශවය විසින් චූදිතයන්ට එරෙහි නඩුව ඔප්පු කිරීමට සාක්‍ෂි කරුවන් 21 දෙනෙකු උසාවියට ඉදිරිපත් කරන ලදී. මෙසේ පැමිණිල්ල විසින්ම ගෙන එන ලද සාක්‍ෂිකරුවන් ගණනාවක්ම, එනම්, පිළිවලින් අංක 13,20,15,04,14 හා 5 දරණ හේවගේ එමාලි ප්‍රියංකර, රුවනි සෞම්‍යා ගුණරත්න, වටිනාපහ සෝමානන්ද හිමි, සපුතන්ත්‍රිගේ චන්ද්‍ර ජගත්, මල්ලිකා කංකානම්ගේ ජයන්ත හා අමරසිංහ ලේකම්ලාගේ දොන් ගුණරත්න යන පැමිණිල්ලේ සාක්‍ෂිකරුවන් මේ නඩුවේ චූදිතයන් සමඟ ජනාධිපති ලේකම් කාර්යාලය හා විදුලි සංදේශ නියාමන කොමිසමේ සේවය කර ඇති බවත්, ඔවුන් මේ සිල්රෙදි ව්‍යාපෘතියටද සම්බන්ධ බවත්, ඔවුන් චූදිතයන්ට ලැදියාවක් ඇතුව සාක්‍ෂි ඉදිරිපත් කර ඇති බවත් කියමින් මහාධිකරණය  ඔවුන් දුන් සාක්‍ෂි සැලකිල්ලට ගෙන නැත. මේ සාක්‍ෂිකරුවන් විත්තිය විසින් ගෙන එනු ලැබූ සාක්‍ෂි කරුවන් නොව පැමිණිල්ලේ සාක්‍ෂි කරුවන්ම වීම මෙහිදී සුවිශේෂ වෙයි.

මේ පූර්වාදර්ශය සියලුම රාජ්‍ය සේවකයන්ට ගැටළුකාරී තත්වයක් ඇති කරයි.  උදාහරණයක් වශයෙන් රේගු දෙපාර්තමේන්තුවේ සේවකයකු ක්‍රියාපටිපාටි උල්ලංගනය කිරීමේ චෝදනාවක් මත උසාවියට ඉදිරිපත් කරනු ලැබුවහොත්, එවැනි චූදිතයෙකුට එරෙහිව ඇති චෝදනා ඔප්පු කිරීමට නැතිනම් නිශ්ප්‍රභා කිරීමට හැකි වන්නේ රේගු දෙපාර්තමේන්තුව තුලින්ම ලබා ගන්නා ලිඛිත හා වාචික සාක්‍ෂි වලට අනුවයි. රේගු දෙපාර්තමේන්තුවේ ක්‍රියාපටිපාටි හා භාවිතයන් පිළිබඳ විස්තර වෙනත් ආයතන වලින් ලබාගත නොහැක. මෙවැනි අවස්ථාවල, පැමිණිල්ලේ සාක්‍ෂිකරුවන් පවා සපයන සාක්‍ෂි, ඔවුන් වූදිතයන් සමඟ එකට සේවය කර තිබෙනවාය, එම නිසා ඔවුන් චූදිතයන්ට ලැදියාවක් දක්වනවා විය හැකිය යන පදනම මත එම සාක්‍ෂි සැලකිල්ලට ගැනීමෙන් වැලකී සිටිනවා නම්, මෙවැනි නඩුවල චූදිතයන්ට කිසිදා තමන්ගේ නිර්දෝශී භාවය ඔප්පු කිරීමට නොහැකිවෙනු ඇත. ලලිත් වීරතුංග මහතා එකල රටේ සිටි ඉහලම රාජ්‍ය නිලධාරියා වුවද, ඔහු තමා යටතේ සිටි නිලධාරීන්ට තම අත් අකුරින්ම ලියූ සටහන් හා නියෝග උසාවිය විසින් සැලකිල්ලට නොගෙන තිබීමද කාගෙත් අවධානයට යොමු වෙනු ඇත.

මෙය පූර්වාදර්ශයක් බවට පත්වුවහොත් යම් චෝදනාවක් මත උසාවියකට ඉදිරිපත් කරනු ලබන කිසිදු රජයේ සේවකයකුට තමාගේ නිර්දෝශීභාවය ඔප්පු කිරීමට ක්‍රමයක් නැතිවනු ඇත. විදුලි සංදේශ නියාමන කොමිසමේ මුදල් භාවිතා කිරීම සම්බන්ධයෙන් අනන්‍ය හා සම්පූර්ණ බලය ඇත්තේ එම කොමිසමේ අධ්‍යක්‍ෂ මණ්ඩලයට වුවත්, 2014 දෙසැම්බර් 15 වැනි දින අනූෂ පැල්පිට මහතාගේ මාණ්ඩලික පත්‍රිකාවට අධ්‍යක්‍ෂ මණ්ඩලයේ ඒකමතික අනුමැතිය ලැබී තිබීමද උසාවිය සැලකිල්ලට ගෙන නැත. මේ හේතුවෙන් අධ්‍යක්‍ෂ මණ්ඩල හරහා පාලනය වෙන පුද්ගලික අංශයේ හා රාජ්‍ය අංශයේ ආයතනවල කටයුතු දැඩි අවිනිශ්චිතතාවයකට ලක්වීම වැලැක්විය නොහැක.

ලලිත් වීරතුංගට හා  අනුෂ පැල්පිටට දැඩි දඩුවම් පනවා ඇත්තේ ඔවුන්  අල්ලස් ලබාගත් නිසාවත්, දූෂනයේ යෙදුණු නිසාවත් නොව ශ්‍රී ලංකා ආණ්ඩුක්‍රම ව්‍යවස්ථාවේ බුදු දහම ආරක්‍ෂා කිරීමට හා ප්‍රවර්ධනය කිරීමට අදාල 9 වන වගන්තිය යටතේ ආණ්ඩුවට පැවරෙන වගකීම් ඉටුකිරීම සඳහා පන්සල් වලට සිල්රෙදි බෙදා දිමට රාජ්‍ය නායකයා විසින් දෙනු ලැබූ නියෝගයක් පිළිපැදීම නිසාය. අපගේ ආණ්ඩුක්‍රම ව්‍යවස්ථාවට අනුව, ආණ්ඩුව මෙහෙයවනු ලබන්නේ ජනාධිපතිවරයාද ඇතුලත් කැබිනට් මණ්ඩලය විසිනි. රජයේ සේවකයන් විසින් සිදුකරනු ලබන්නේ ආණ්ඩුවේ ප්‍රතිපත්තිය ක්‍රියාත්මක කිරීමට සද්භාවයෙන් කටයුතු කිරීමයි. තමන් හොබවන තනතුර භාවිතා කර පුද්ගලික ලාභ ප්‍රයෝජන ලබා ගැනීමේ චෝදනා නැතිනම් ජනාධිපතිවරයාගේ හා කැබිනට් මණ්ඩලයේ නීත්‍යානුකූල නියෝග ක්‍රියාත්මක කරන රජයේ සේවකයන් ආරක්‍ෂා කිරීම සෑම ආණ්ඩුවකම පොදු ප්‍රතිපත්තිය විය යුතුය.

මහින්ද රාජපක්‍ෂ
ශ්‍රී ලංකාවේ හිටපු ජනාධිපති

Opportunity to forward your questions to UN General Secretary..

September 14th, 2017

Chandrasena Pandithage

Dear friends at this moment you are given an opportunity to ask your question from UN General Secretary. Please go to the United Nations website and start to forward all your questions. I forward my question as follows.

Dear UN Secretary General,Antonio Gutteres, First I would like to thank you for the given opportunity to ask questions from you. I am a Sri Lankan and I have questions on your policy on my motherland and globe too. Sri Lanka is a member country in your organization. Giving membership or taking membership should provide some benefit to that member country. All the member countries are your organization’s children and your duty is to protect all the countries equally because they are your own children. My motherland have been going through very hard road with Tamil Tiger terrorist activities since 1972. This Tamil Tiger Organization is not your member. At the same time you did not involve to protect Sri Lanka your member country from this brutal terrorist attacks. At the beginning you treated this is as a Sri Lankas internal affairs. Finally we could crush the LTTE war machine and established peace and security in Sri Lanka. Establishing peace and security globally is your duty. At the same time protecting your member country from brutal terrorist activities also part of your duty. Instead of helping us to crush the terrorism, you force us to provide food, medicine, fuel to terrorist organization. Our government had power to crushed terror machine providing all your organizations requirements to terrorist organizations. Anyway our people had power to stop our killing field in my motherland. Once we finish the war the developments started and all child soldiers were released and The Tamil community reestablished to build up their own lives.Our armies help them removing landmines. When we started these process, instead of helping us United Nations Organization stand against it’s member country and strongly stand for non member Liberation Tamil Tiger Elam terrorist organization. My question is why you stand against your member country supporting non member terrorist organization. I feel you devalue your membership through these kind of actions. Please give us a logical clear answer. Once again thank you very much for given opportunity.

Four top officials at loss-making SriLankan Airlines enjoy hefty monthly allowances

September 14th, 2017

The national debt as of September 30, 2016 was Rs. 9,402 billion. While the debt burden of our nation increases on a daily basis, this burden has to be borne by the people of Sri Lanka.

A major contributor to the country’s debt burden is the country’s national carrier, SriLankan Airlines, which is inefficiently managed by a few executives who take home very high remuneration packages.

Many staff members of the airline who are dedicated to tirelessly serve the airline and the nation are disappointed with the sorry state of affairs of the company.

According to the financials of SriLankan Airlines, the company recorded a loss of Rs. 28 billion for the 2016/17 financial year.The company covers its current expenses through a Rs. 7.5 billion Over Draft obtained through state banks.

SriLankan Airlines, which is our nation’s global ambassador, has fallen into disrepute, mainly due to mismanagement by officials and irregularities pertaining to the transactions of aircrafts.

Even though the airline is drowning in debt, there are four officials in the top management of the airline, who continue to enjoy monthly allowances of over Rs. 3 million.

The main responsibility of the Chief Commercial Officer of SriLankan Airlines is to increase the commercial viability of the airline and transform it into a profit-making entity.

Following the incumbent government coming into power, Siva Ramachandran, who was residing in the United Kingdom, was brought down to Sri Lanka and appointed as the Chief Commercial Officer of SriLankan Airlines on January 1, 2016.

According to the two year contract, Siva Ramachandran signed with SriLankan Airlines.He is to receive a basic monthly wage of 9,500 Sterling Pounds. According to the current exchange rate, that translates to nearly Rs. 2 million.

In addition to the basic wage paid to Siva Ramachandran, the taxes he owes the government are borne by SriLankan Airlines.The perks afforded to Siva Ramachandran include a company maintained vehicle, fuel for the vehicle, chauffeur, a monthly allowance of Rs. 250,000 for accommodation and free air travel.

For 19 months, i.e. from January 2016 to July 2017, Siva Ramachandran has earned a sum of Rs. 41 million 892 thousand 166 (41,892,166) rupees from SriLankan Airlines.

During this time period, the airline paid over Rs. 6 million as income tax on behalf of Ramachandran.

Suren Ratwatte serves as Chief Executive Officer of SriLankan Airlines.

Suren Ratwatte is the brother of Charitha Ratwatte, who is the advisor to the Prime Minister.

While Suren Ratwatte is among the officials who enjoy a monthly remuneration of over Rs. 3 million, SriLankan Airlines failed to respond to legal requests made to provide information on his salary particulars.

Even though four top officials at the airline continue to enjoy monthly remuneration packages of over Rs. 3 million each, SriLankan Airlines had to bear an extra cost of nearly USD 2 million for failing to return an Airbus A320 aircraft rented from
an Indian company, within the stipulated time period.

Recently SriLankan Airlines lost its certification from the European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA), based on a number of shortcomings.

What is the benefit SriLankan Airlines gained by paying four top officials a monthly remuneration ofRs. 3 million, if the company is suffering staggering loss of Rs. 28 billion?

Won’t this burden too, finally, have to be borne by the people of this nation?

Will this not affect the reputation of our country in the international arena?

PRESIDENTIAL EXPORT AWARDS TODAY  AT BMICH….

September 14th, 2017

Dr Sarath Obeysekera

EDB invited me as a boat builder to the award ceremony today and watched how exporters of Sri Lanka Tea ,Apparel ,fish ,cineman,coconut shells ,Gems ,few rubber products flowers ,ornamental fish ,herbal products,gift items  etc etc garbbing gold plated awards .

Apparel exporters took the centre stage reminding me the days of Premadasa who had a vision to develop the industry many decades back ,and yet we are still talking about apparel exports  and giving awards .Singapore also started with apparel industry and small handicraft exports and moved to high tech and financial services during next few decades ,and yet we are still earning 1% of GDP from  exports .

 Brandix named Sri Lanka’s Exporter of the Year for 5th successive year

Government should now leave apparel industry to look after themselves and harness the export potential of software ,hardware and other high tech commodities

When you hear speeches given by Harward trained ministers and bureaucrats one can see that none of them have any vision .

I will not be surprised if a Manpower Export Agency will grab the gold award for exports next year and the government may not even grace the occasion !

Dr Sarath Obeysekera

Are the Russian Really Planning Another Armed Intervention?

September 14th, 2017

By Afshain Afzal

Nervous over the Russo-Belarus joint military exercise, Zapad-2017” which just started, neighbouring countries seems much perturbed. The theme of the exercise is uprising in Belarus by fifth columnists, followed by series of attacks by terrorists and backed by a fictitious country called Veishnoria. Russian forces are deployed to Belarus to help crush the rebellion. Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko has stepped up security on Ukraine’s borders while NATO troops deployed in Poland, Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania, which border on Belarus and Russia have been ordered to be watchful of any provocation and in case of air violation, disengagement measures by already deployed NATO-air-policing mission that guards the Baltic republics. Polish Defence Minister Antoni Macierewicz has termed the exercise as a threat to Poland”. Interestingly, invitations to 80 observers from Western and former Warsaw nations, including NATO, OSCE as well as all the diplomats serving in Balarus have been extended to watch the exercise but still alarm bells are being sounded that the exercise is threat to existence of neighbouring countries.

If we recall, last month, at Novo Selo Training Range in Bulgaria, some 11,000 (over-projected 25,000) troops including former Warsaw Pact countries, Hungary, Romania and Bulgaria participated in a 10 day military exercise with a theme how to restart Cold War. The exercise code named Saber Guardian”, met some of the military objectives and there was a happy ending too, when troops departed to the respective countries. It would not be an over exaggeration that the exercise was repetition of decade’s old exercise of bi-polar world during the pre-Soviet Union’s disintegration. Old Exercise papers were reprinted in a new format”, claimed one of the participating commanders. Some troops dubbed the exercise as mission-less as it seems to be a failed attempt to restore American lost image in world affairs. There were much confusion as the American commanders, who projected the exercise as preparation to fight against terrorists in the Middle East and Southwest Asia, while European senior Army commanders and their troops believed it was an updated rehearsal of tactics and strategies once used to counter Soviet troops, using amour and artillery leading to aerial assaults by hundreds of paratroopers to occupy target country.

Back at the Pentagon, US Commanders have successfully convinced Present Donald Trump for a promise of additional deployment troops to the overseas and budgetary raise in military allocations. However, President Trump may not act as he seems agreed in his speeches. Pentagon has cleverly forecasted the danger from Russian, Chinese and even North Korean recent maneuvers. President Trump was also briefed about the Russian exercises, Zapad” in which has been anticipated by Western intelligence agencies that 100,000 troops would participate. It is being claimed that these exercises are Russia’s contingency plans for a major conflict with NATO and allies. The recent speech of President Donald Trump regarding US foreign policy in Afghanistan and South Asia is linked to over projections of many such fears and apprehensions,

The Zapad” exercise, jointly organized by Russia and Belarus  have already started, from 14 to 20 September 2017, in which T-14 Armata tanks and advanced air defense and electronic warfare equipment would be used for the first time. It is being claimed that T-14 Armata tanks would be used in the bridge formation attack (Kaliningrad to Lithuania). Interestingly, Moscow has informed NATO that the maneuvers would involve around 13,000 troops but NATO is adamant to confirm the figure of 100,000 troops.  The exercise which would be monitored by foreign observers has caused alarms as Zapad” means West. Although, Russian’s expansionist apprehensions have been neutralized by Belarusian Defence Minister Andrei Ravkov, who confirmed that the joint military exercise will be defensive by nature but Western nations have been warned by US commanders that the Zapad exercise” is a rehearsal to invade Ukraine and many European countries with an aim to share a common border with between Europe and Russia. However, as per the disclosure by Russia’s Deputy Defense Minister, Lt. Gen. Alexander Fomin, the drills will involve 5,500 Russian and 7,200 Belarusian troops, about 70 aircraft, 250 tanks and 200 artillery systems and 10 navy ships.

Lieutenant General Ben Hodges, Commanding General of the U.S. Army in Europe, describes Zapad-2017 as a ‘Trojan horse’ for Eastern Europe. Russia might also keep its military equipment without troops in Belarus, for a possible future military attack against neighbours as Poland or the Baltic states. Interestingly, out of the fears US Defence Intelligence had long ago forecasted that the exercises is preparation for the invasion of Germany and the deployment of nuclear strikes against the West. The eyes of Western agencies are all set on Russia that how much of the war arsenal Moscow would dump in Belarus. The anticipated date of 30th September has been set by the US spying satellites to account what Russia brought inside Balarus has actually have been taken back or remains deployed. The fact cannot be denied that Washington has increased diplomatic pressures and other tactics including use of good offices of Ukraine to convince Balarus to part from Russia and Join Western pole. One wonders that despite permission to some 80 Observers and all the foreign diplomats to observe the Zapad” exercise, why a routine exercise is being projected so negatively. afshainafzal@yahoo.com

SRI LANKA AHMADIYYA CONVENTION (JALSA SALANA) – 2017

September 14th, 2017

by A. Abdul Aziz

The Annual Convention (Jalsa Salana) of Sri Lanka Ahmadiyya Muslim Jama’at was held on Sunday the 10 September 2017 at Ahmadiyya Fazl Mosque premises Periyamulla, Negombo chaired by National President A.H. Nasir Ahmad. Ahmadi Muslims throughout the country attended this one day convention. Topics on various subjects include the blessings of Khilafath (Spiritual Leadership) and the History of Ahmadiyya Muslim Community in Sri Lanka were delivered.

In his address A.H. Nasir Ahmad – National President put forward the history of Jama’at Ahmadiya Sri Lanka.      He said: It was during the life time of the Founder of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Jama’at that some of his books reached Ceylon as they reached Europe,  America and  Africa. A prominent Muslim gentleman who had been the trustee of the Mardana Mosque at the time Mr. I.L.M. Abdul  Aziz, after reading a few of such books had sent his Bai’at (oath of allegiance) to enter the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community in Islam by post direct to Hazrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad, the Founder of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Jama’at in Islam in 1907.

Mr. I.L.M. Abdul  Aziz published an article entitled ‘A short sketch of Ahmadiyya Movement’, in a magazine named Muslim Guardian”, (Sept. 1907 issue) authored by him. This way the first introductory article about  Ahmadiyya  Jama’at appeared in Ceylon in September, 1907. He died in 1915 and buried at Mardana Mosque in Colombo.

In 1915, Hazrat Sufi Ghulam Muhammad, a companion of Hazrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad (peace be on him) arrived in Colombo and stayed there for 3 months on his way to Mauritius. The first public announcement of the advent of Imaam  Mahdi was made by the said Hazrat Sufi Ghulam Ahmad in the country during the course of his public lecture arranged by the Young Muslim Literary Association in Colombo. The teachings of Ahmadiyyath got influenced into leading Educationalist personals such T.B. Jeya, Lyc and Manthara – belongs to Malay Community. His tireless efforts were very helpful to establish the Jama’at in Sri Lanka in 1915. 15 members took Bai’at iin the beginning.

Another Companion of Promised Messiah (a.s.) Dr. Mufti Muhammad Saidq Sahib (r.a.) also visited Sri Lanka in the early period of Ahmadiyyath in Sri Lanka. A.P. Ibrahim Sahib and Moulavi B. Abdullah Sahib from India also visited Sri Lanka to serve Ahmadiyyath in the early period of its history. Moulavi Ismail Munir  from Pakistan served a lot for the propagation of Ahmadiyyath in the Island.

Moulavi Mohammed Ismail Munir arrived in Ceylon in 6th of August, 1951.  He had been appointed as the Missionary-in-Charge for Ceylon Ahmadiyya Muslim Jama’at by the International Headquarters in Rabwah, Pakistan.

In 1920, the community bought its own property in Slave  Island,  Colombo to be used as a place for prayers, press and propagation centre. In 1923, a branch was established in Negombo. In 1932, the first  Ahmadiyya  Mosque and a burial ground were built in Negombo.

This is the way history goes, National President added and said that there are five centers  in the Island and recalled the services rendered by the forefathers of Ahmadiyyath in Sri Lanka.

In his address Chief Missionary Moulavi A.B. Musthq Ahmad dealt the subject of martial life in Islam and quoted verses of Holy Qur’an on this issue. He also quoted from the advice of Hazrat Khalifathul Masih V on the subject of blessed married life.

Mr. Sriyananda – Chief Officer of Public Library, Colombo, in his address praised the Ahmadiyya Muslim Jama’at for its tireless efforts to establish peace in the world and also expressed his thanks for the contribution of Ahmadiyya Community   to his social services. Since 2013, he is participating in important events organized by Ahmadiyya Muslim Community Sri Lanka and also extended his full cooperation to the Jama’at in launching the Holy Qur’an Sinhala Translation, he added. In his busy schedule he accepted the Jama’at invitation and the Jalsa Salana.

Mr. Sriyananda was presented a book – the Sinhala translation of Ahmadiyya Supreme Head’s address at U.K. Ahmadiyya Convention – 2015, titled: The Real Justice and Peace.

Mr. S. Nizam Khan and Moulavi M.Z. Munafjan also addressed.  Urdu Poem and Arabic Kasheeda composed by Promised Messiah (a.s) were recited.

Emeritus Prof. Jayadeva Thilakasiri – Personal Website

September 14th, 2017

 

http://arts.pdn.ac.lk/classical/jt.htm
·  Honorary member of UNIMA.

·  President, German Dharmaduta Society, Sri Lanka

·  Emeritus Professor of Sanskrit, Department of Classical Languages, University of Peradeniya

·  Professor of Sanskrit, Department of Classical Languages, University of Peradeniya (1968 – 1982)

·  Associate Professor in Sanskrit, Department of Classical Languages, University of Peradeniya

·  Senior Lecturer in Sanskrit, Department of Classical Languages, University of Peradeniya

 

Research Interests
Sanskrit Drama, Puppetry, Handicraft, Scientific Literature in Sanskrit, Vedic Literature, Literary Criticism

Research  Publications (selected)

Books

  • Kālidāsa’s imagery and the theory of poetics, New Delhi: Navrang, 1988
  • The puppet theatre of Asia. Colombo: Dept. of Cultural Affairs. 1968
  • Puppetry in Ceylon. Arts of Ceylon Series: 1. Colombo: Dept. of Cultural Affairs. 1961.
  • A bibliography of the handicrafts of Sri Lanka. Colombo: National Crafts Council, Ministry of Rural Industrial Development. 1988
  • Handicrafts of Sri Lanka. Moratuwa: Srimati Tilakasiri. 1994
  • Asian shadow and puppet theatre. Colombo: Dept. of Cultural Affairs, Sri Lanka. 2006
  • The Asian shadow play. Ratmalana: Sarvodaya Vishva Lekha. 1999.
  • Saṃskr̥ta nātya sāhityaya. Saṃskr̥ta Sāhitya Vaṃśaya Series, kāṇḍaya – 3. Colombo: Lakehouse. 1971
  • Vaidika sāhityaya. Saṃskr̥ta Sāhitya Vaṃśaya Series, kāṇḍaya – 1. Colombo: Lakehouse 1967
  • The Indian Vidusaka and the comic characters of the Asian shadow play. Kuala Lumpur: Malaysian Society for Asian Studies. 1969
  • Abhinavagupta – the literary critic and commentator (an assessment). Poona. 1967
    Articles
  • The Rāmāyaṇa tradition in Ceylon. International Ramayana Festival (1st:1971: Indonesia) Collection of miscellaneous materials on Asian dance, 1958-75] Folder 11 (Cross-cultural) no. 4
  • (with J. C. Wright) Review of: Añjali: Papers on Indology and Buddhism. A Felicitation Volume Presented to Oliver Hector de Alwis Wijesekera on His Sixtieth Birthday, Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London, 1972, vol. 35, no. 1, p.
    201-202
  • Añjali: papers on Indology and Buddhism: a felicitation volume presented to Oliver Hector de Alwis Wijesekera on his 60th birthday. Peradeniya: University of Ceylon, the Felicitation volume editorial committee, 1970
  • Śrī Laṅkāvē pāramparika śilpi gam hā pāramparika śilpīngen păvata ena pavul piḷibanda samīkṣanayak, koṭasaka Iṅgrīsi parivartanayak sahitava. Colombo: S. Godage & Brothers. 1994

On Rohingya Issue, Both China and India Back Myanmar Government

September 14th, 2017

Chinese foreign ministry says the international community should support the efforts made by Myanmar

China and India seldom see eye to eye with each other on international affairs, especially after the Doklam crisis, which deepened the mutual hostility. But on the Rohingya issue in Myanmar, both countries expressed sympathy toward Myanmar’s government in spite of the international community’s pressure.

On August 25, the Arakan Rohingya Salvation Army (ARSA) attacked 30 police outposts in Myanmar’s Rakhine state, leading to the killing of 10 police officers, one soldier, and one immigration officer.

After the attack, the government of Myanmar declared the ARSA as a terrorist organization under Sub-Section 5 of Section 6 of the Anti-Terrorism Law of Myanmar and launched clearance operations” to provide security in the region.” However, according to multiple media reports, the clearance operations” have directly or indirectly caused around 300,000 Rohingyas to flee the region.

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On September 10, the ARSA declared a ceasefire for one month to facilitate a humanitarian response. But the government of Myanmar rejected the ceasefire offer, as Zaw Htay, director general of the State Counselor Office of Myanmar, said in a tweet, we have no policy to negotiate with terrorists.”

On September 11, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, Zeid Ra‘ad al-Hussein, strongly condemned Myanmar’s government for the Rohingya crisis:

The situation seems a textbook example of ethnic cleansing…I call on the [Myanmar] Government to end its current cruel military operation, with accountability for all violations that have occurred and to reverse the pattern of severe and widespread discrimination against the Rohingya population.

Against the backdrop of the UN criticism, China still maintains its supportive position toward Myanmar’s government.

On September 12, when confronted with a question about Rohingya crisis again, China’s foreign ministry spokesman Geng Shuang said:

The Chinese side condemns the violent attacks that happened in the Rakhine State of Myanmar, supports Myanmar’s efforts to safeguard the peace and stability of the Rakhine State and sincerely hopes that the Rakhine State can restore stability as soon as possible and the local people can live a normal life again.

Geng emphasized that China believes  the international community should support the efforts made by Myanmar to maintain national development and stability and create enabling external conditions for the proper settlement of the issue of Rakhine State. ”

Like China, the Indian government’s expressed understanding toward Myanmar’s government as well.

On a recent visit to Myanmar, India’s Prime Minister Narendra Modi said India shares Myanmar’s concern about extremist violence in Rakhine state and specially the violence against security forces and how innocent lives have been affected.”

We hope that all the stakeholders together can find a way out in which the unity and territorial integrity of Myanmar is respected and at the same time we can have peace, justice, dignity, and democratic values for all,” Modi added.

Suu Kyi Slams “Disinformation” As Information War Intensifies

September 14th, 2017

By Kalinga Seneviratne Courtesy indepthnews.net

BANGKOK (IDN) – The information war on Myanmar’s Bengali/Rohingya problem has intensified as Myanmar’s de-facto leader and Nobel Peace Laureate Aung Sung Suu Kyi finally broke her silence on the issue on September 6 and slammed the international media and human rights organisations for spreading misinformation” on the conflict.

One day earlier, the London-based Burma Human Rights Network (BHRN) launched a report in Bangkok bashing Myanmar’s Buddhist majority. The following day India’s Prime Minister Narendra Modi making his first official bilateral visit to neighbouring Myanmar pledged Indian support to fight cross-border Islamic terrorism.

The Myanmar government information committee said that gunmen affiliated with the Islamic terrorist group of the Arakan Rohingya Salvation Army (ARSA) invaded villages in Maungtaw Township in the Rankin state over the weekend and set fire to hundreds of houses. After clashes they have discovered a number of explosive devices and another 80 houses burned in neighbouring townships. The government has put the blame on this carnage on the ARSA a terrorist group of Rohingya refugees believed to be trained in Pakistan and funded by Wahabbi sources in Saudi Arabia.

Photo: Kutupalong Refugee Camp in Cox’s Bazar, Bangladesh. The camp is one of three, which house up to 300,000 Rohingya people fleeing inter-communal violence in Myanmar. Credit: Wikimedia Commons.

Meanwhile, BHRN in launching their report on September 5 at a media conference in Bangkok claimed that there is a systematic persecution of Burma’s Muslim minority” with ID cards denied to them, constant monitoring of their mosques and young people across the country, spread of Muslim Free” villages and of course military attacks on Rohingyas in Rankin state leading to the exodus of thousands of refugees across the borders mainly to Bangladesh.

The so-called discrimination” against Muslims listed in the report was almost identical to what Muslim minorities are having to cope with in western countries, but, the report constantly referred to Buddhists” as perpetuators whereas when such discrimination is reported in the West it will be addressed as a national security issue rather than Christians” as perpetuators.

What the Myanmar government is complaining about is this double standard. That they are facing a terrorist threat from IS-linked ARSA. But, Human Rights Watch (HRW) Deputy Director for Asia, Phil Robertson argued during the media conference that they have monitored the carnage” via satellite images from Bangkok and showed such images where the red dots shown he claimed were Rohingya houses burned by the army. When pointed out by a journalist that the Myanmar government claims that Rohingyas themselves are setting fire to houses, all he could say is oh, this is Burmese government propaganda”.

After the UN Secretary-General António Guterres has warned of ethnic cleansing and regional destabilization and in a rare letter to the Myanmar government has talked of a spiral of a humanitarian catastrophe”, Aung Sung Suu Kyi finally broke her silence on the issue on September 6 and blamed “terrorists” for “a huge iceberg of misinformation” on the violence in Rakhine state, but did not address the issue of fleeing refugees.

In a statement issued by her office on Facebook, Suu Kyi said the government had “already started defending all the people in Rakhine in the best way possible” and warned against misinformation that could mar relations with other countries. She referred to images on Twitter of killings posted by Turkey’s deputy prime minister that he later deleted because they were not from Myanmar. Earlier Suu Kyi had spoken by telephone with Turkish President Tayyip Erdogan.

She said in the statement that (such) kind of fake information which was inflicted on the deputy prime minister was simply the tip of a huge iceberg of misinformation calculated to create a lot of problems between different countries and with the aim of promoting the interests of the terrorists.”

The UN estimates that over 125,000 – most of them women and children – have fled across the border to Bangladesh. There are about 1.1 million Rohingyas in Myanmar whom the locals call Bengali because they believe most of them are illegal immigrants from Bangladesh. But, human rights campaigners point out most have lived there for a number of generations. BHRN said in their report that Muslims have to provide documentation that proves a family lineage dating back to before 1824 to gain Myanmar ID cards.

While reports in the Myanmar media said that attacks by ARSA terrorists on Bengali villages” continue. Mizzima news – which won a ‘free media pioneer” award from the International Press Institute in 2007 – reported on 5 September 5 that Indian and Bangladesh intelligence officials have disclosed they have intercepted three long duration calls between Hafiz Tohar, military wing chief of ARSA on August 23 and 24 that hold the key to why the militant group unleashed the pre-dawn offensive against Myanmar security forces.

The report said that Tohar has been trained in Pakistan by Lashkar e Tayyaba and while Bnagladesh government is also worried about these terror links, a lack of intelligence sharing network between India, Bangladesh and Myanmar may have prevented the latter from getting prior warning on the threat.

During his visit to Myanmar concluded on September 7, Modi told Suu Kyi that he wants to see a peaceful border between India and Myanmar and offered Indian cooperation in the area of security. We are partners in your concerns over the loss of lives of security forces and innocent people due to the extremist violence in Rakhine State. Our interests in the area of security are common as neighbours. It’s essential that we work together to ensure the stability of our long territorial and coastal borders,” Modi said during the joint media briefing with Suu Kyi in Myanmar’s capital Nay Pyi Taw on September 6.

While there have been public demonstrations by extremist Islamic groups in Malaysia, Indonesia and Bangladesh, the governments have been playing a behind the scenes quiet diplomatic role to defuse the situation knowing very well how religious passions could have a negative impact on ASEAN (Southeast Asian Nations) community building process. All three Muslim neighbours of Myanmar practice a very moderate form of Islam compared to its Middle Eastern counterparts, and this issue has the potential to empower the smaller extremist groups in their countries.

The same applies to the Buddhists in Myanmar, where the Myanmar government has been closely monitoring the Association for the Protection of Race and Religion — usually referred to by its Myanmar-language acronym, Ma Ba Tha, which is viewed by many of its supporters as a broad-based social and religious movement dedicated to protecting Myanmar’s Buddhist identity and heritage, as well as empowering poor Buddhist communities at a time of unparalleled change and uncertainty in the country.

Millions of Buddhists across the country also face same economic hardships the Rohingyas are supposed to be facing. Statistics released from 2014 census indicate that the number of homeless across the country have reached almost 1 million and tremendous housing deprivations exists across the country.

The International Crisis Group, a Brussels-based think tank, said in a report on “Buddhism and Politics in Myanmar” that the crisis triggered by Rohingya insurgent attacks and massive retaliation by the army has boosted anti- Muslim sentiment nationwide.

“While dynamics at play in Rakhine are mostly driven by local fears and grievances, the current crisis has led to a broader spike in anti-Muslim sentiment, raising anew the specter of communal violence across the country that could imperil the country’s transition,” warned the ICG report. It added that a failure by the civilian government of Aung San Suu Kyi to come to grips with economic inequality and provide adequate public services such as education, access to justice and disaster relief would allow Ma Ba Tha to gain legitimacy. [IDN-InDepthNews – 7 September 2017]

Photo: Kutupalong Refugee Camp in Cox’s Bazar, Bangladesh. The camp is one of three, which house up to 300,000 Rohingya people fleeing inter-communal violence in Myanmar. Credit: Wikimedia Commons.

IDN is flagship agency of the International Press Syndicate

විශ්ව විද්‍යාල ආචාර්යවරු සහ ජාතික සංවිධාන නියෝජිතයෝ මියන්මාර තානාපති හමුවී සහාය පළකරති.

September 14th, 2017

වෛද්‍ය චන්න ජයසුමන 

මියන්මාරයේ (බුරුමයේ)  රඛිනේ පළාතේ ඇතිව ඇති තත්වය පිලිබඳ අන්තර්ජාතික මාධ්‍ය සහ අන්තවාදී කණ්ඩායම් මුල්වී සිදු කරන අසත්‍ය ප්‍රචාර හේතුවෙන් මියන්මාර බෞද්ධ ජනතාවට සිදුව ඇති අසාධාරණය පිලිබඳ කණගාටු වන බව අද සවස ශ්‍රී ලංකාවේ මියන්මාර තානාපති හමු වූ විශ්වවිද්‍යාල ආචාර්යවරු සහ ජාතික සංවිධාන නියෝජිතයෝ දැනුම් දුන්හ. මේ අවස්ථාවේ මියන්මාර බෞද්ධ ජනතාව සමග ශ්‍රී ලාංකික බෞද්ධ ජනතාව අත්වැල් බැඳ ගන්නා බව ද ඔවුහු පැවසුහ. පසුගියදා ශ්‍රී ලංකාවේ මියන්මාර තානාපති කාර්යාලය ඉදිරිපිට අන්තවාදී කණ්ඩායමකගේ අශෝභන හැසිරීම පිලිබඳ ශ්‍රී  ලාංකිකයන් ලෙස තමන් ලජ්ජාවට පත්වන බව නියෝජිත කණ්ඩායම දැනුම් දුන්හ. 

මේ අවස්ථාවේ අදහස් දැක්වූ ශ්‍රී ලංකාවේ වැඩ බලන  මියන්මාර තානාපතිතුමා පැවසුවේ අන්තර්ජාතික මාධ්‍ය සහ  සමාජ ජාලාවල පළ වූ ඇතැම් ජායාරුප මීට දශයකට පමණ පෙර අප්‍රිකාවේ රුවන්ඩාවේ දී  ලබාගත් ඒවා බවත් මෙය බෞද්ධ විරෝධී කුමන්ත්‍රණයක් බවත් ය. මියන්මාර ජනාධිපතිතුමාට යැවීම සඳහා විශේෂ ලිපියක් ජාතික විශ්ව විද්‍යාල ආචාර්ය සංගමය තානාපතිවරයාට බාර දුන්නේය (ලිපිය අමුණා ඇත). මාදුරුඔය ධම්මිස්සර හිමි, රියර් අද්මිරාල් සරත් වීරසේකර, ආචාර්ය චන්න ජයසුමන, විශේෂඥ වෛද්‍ය අශෝක කමලදාස, ශ්‍රී ලංකා මියන්මාර මිත්‍රත්ව සංගමයේ සභාපති කුමාර සේමගේ  ඇතුළු පිරිසක් මෙම අවස්ථාවට සහභාගී වූහ.

Rohingya Genocide – Links to corporatism, geopolitics & wahhabism

September 14th, 2017
Fake news corporate media uses atrocity propaganda to sell sensational stories, and politicians use faux outrage to bully Myanmar’s leaders.
The humanitarian crisis in Myanmar is harrowing, with more than 150,000 Muslims having to flee the country in the recent months. The stories of persecution and ethnic cleansing are very troubling, although sporadic conflicts between Buddhists and Muslims in Myanmar have existed for many decades. While the mainstream media is focusing exclusively on the religious context of this story, they are completely missing – or deliberately avoiding – the potential roles of oil/gas pipelines, geopolitical U.S.-China tug of war, and Saudi Arabia’s subversive influence in that region.

Let’s start with the obvious – the western media is not going to shed crocodile tears for some people in a far away place such as Myanmar, unless there is some hidden agenda related to billions of dollars and the Deep State.

SOURCENationofChange

Now some basic facts about Myanmar:

  • Myanmar, formerly known as Burma, is the largest country in South East Asia.
  • Although a poor country that hasn’t been in the radar of globalists for many decades, it has become a very strategic piece of land in China’s new Silk Road (a.k.a One Belt, One Road). Of course, any country that’s important to China becomes an object of exceptional interest to the elites in Washington D.C.
  • Myanmar was under military rule for many decades, and then slowly started opening up its economy in the 1990s. The reforms accelerated in 2006, after which foreign investments skyrocketed.
  • Dubbing Myanmar the last Asian frontier,” mining corporations and oil/gas companies from all over the world rushed into Myanmar and discovered plenty of untapped natural resources. Myanmar’s GDP quadrupled in the last ten years, thanks to revenues from natural gas, tin, forestry, rubber, gold, precious metals (jade) and more. Unfortunately, all these operations also result in ruthless exploitation of laborers, destruction of environment, and mass eviction of people from their lands.
  • Rohingya Muslims are primarily concentrated in a state on the west coast in Myanmar. It’s not a coincidence that the state is adjacent to Bangladesh, an Islamic country. Rohingya people are basically Muslims who came to Myanmar from Bangladesh (roughly speaking, since there’s a lot of history here, going back to the British colonies in the 19thcentury).

Corporatism

Now, let’s take a look at the map of some of the Myanmar oil fields (see below). What’s the red area? That’s the region where the Rohingya Muslims live. See how they are surrounded by offshore (light blue) and onshore oil/gas fields?

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One of Myanmar’s largest offshore gas production is the Shwe Project, which is smack in that coastal area adjacent to the red region in the map. Shwe is owned by Chinese and South Korean corporations. Not too far from that facility is a dream Chinese project, a deep sea port (called Kyauk Pyu).

China has also built oil and gas pipelines that extend from this very region all the way to China, as shown below:

Corporations from dozens of other countries – U.S., France, Canada, Japan, India and so on – have similarly carved up various parts of Myanmar. So what happens when corporations and countries build oil wells, offshore rigs, sea ports, railways, highways and fancy hotels for the foreign workers? Well, the native poor people have to be evacuated. This happens all over the world and often creates political, financial, and legal nightmares for the corporations. For one, many people may refuse to leave, especially farmers and fishermen whose livelihood depend on the land and the sea. Second, the corporations have to pay people who are willing to be relocated. Say, for example, the Myanmar law says the corporations have to pay $1,000 per person. For 100,000 people, that comes to $100 million.

Now, rather than paying these people or trying to deal with those who’re refusing to leave, what if the corporations could pay $1 million to some shady characters to drive those 100,000 people out of the area? That way, the corporations can save money, stay above the fray, and avoid any PR disaster.

Geopolitics

China has two goals vis-a-vis the Myanmar pipelines and deep sea ports. The first is obvious: import natural gas from Myanmar.

The second goal is a little more complex. It’s about…

  1. a) Creating a shorter route for oil tankers and cargo ships from the Middle East and beyond, which can drop off the merchandise in Myanmar rather than having to go all the way around South East Asia. This saves 2000 miles or two weeks of travel.
  2. b) The second reason is that China wants to lessen its dependence on the sea lanes in South China Sea and especially the path through the narrow Strait of Malacca, which can be quickly blocked if there’s a conflict or a war. And, yes, that hypothetical conflict would involve the U.S.

Wherever China’s Silk Road goes, the U.S. is going to follow it, and Myanmar is no exception. For example, WikiLeaks emails exposed how the CIA funded grassroots” organization in Myanmar to disrupt a Chinese plan for a dam! Naughty as usual. Edward Snowden also revealed how the NSA uses the U.S. embassy in Myanmar as a spy central to snoop on all the countries in that region.

The fundamental goal of the U.S. is to pull Myanmar away from China’s sphere of influence. And if that can’t be accomplished, then chaos will be manufactured.

What else is in the CIA’s tool bag to destabilize a country? Islamic extremism and various avatars of the Mujahideen project. We have seen that in Syria and also recently in the Philippines. Which brings us to the puppet master, Saudi Arabia.

Saudi Wahhabism

Saudi Arabia’s biggest exports are oil and Wahhabism. One of the Asian victims of Saudi Wahhabism is Bangladesh, which has turned extremist in the recent years. Many progressive and secular bloggers and writers have been murdered in the last few years; ISIS and other Islamic terrorist groups (ABTJMB) have targeted foreigners – for example, three Americans were hacked to death last year; and extremists have demolished many churches and Buddhist temples. As Bangladesh gets radicalized, so do Rohingya Muslims who live just across the border.

Rohingya separatist/militant/terrorist groups demand an Islamic state and have killed Myanmar soldiers, burned down Buddhist temples, murdered Buddhists etc. The leader of a powerful Rohingya terrorist group is a guy named Ata Ullah, and he is based out of Saudi Arabia. Other Rohingya leaders and insurgents are being trained by prominent terrorist groups in Pakistan and Bangladesh.

It’s also possible that poor and illiterate people are being used as weapons of mass immigration. 30-40 million people in Bangladesh earn less than $2/day. Are some of them being deliberately sent into the areas in Myanmar where Chinese infrastructure projects are happening?

Conclusion

Fake news corporate media uses atrocity propaganda to sell sensational stories, and politicians use faux outrage to bully Myanmar’s leaders. What we need instead is serious investigative journalism that exposes the multitude of players and their clandestine actions that are creating needless crisis in Myanmar and colossal suffering for the Rohingya people.

Rohingya Genocide – Links to corporatism, geopolitics & wahhabism

YOU CAN’T JUDGE A BOOK BY ITS COVER

September 14th, 2017

By Dr. Nalaka Godahewa Courtesy Ceylon Today

“Sir, after all those contributions to the nation, how could you lose the election?” a very emotional senior citizen asked the former President Mahinda Rajapaksa at a public event in Kurunegala just a few days ago. Rajapaksa gave an interesting answer to the senior citizen, “After the war, we focussed totally on the development of the country and particularly the North and East. We lost the election primarily because the Tamils and Muslims voted against us in large numbers. It looks like we forgot to do politics where it mattered most”. This perhaps was a reasonably good answer to a question that most people are still searching for an answer. Rajapaksa and his key advisors forgot that Sri Lankans in general and Sinhalese in particular, have very short memories.

Apparently, the LTTE leader Velupillai Prabhakaran used to remind his cadres about this weakness of the Sinhalese all the time.

By January 2015, 6,217,162 people had forgotten that they had been suffering from a 26-year-long war until 2009. They had forgotten the fear and the hardships they had to endure for so many years due to the conflict. They had forgotten that they were facing frequent power cuts until President Rajapaksa built the Norochcholai Power Plant. They had forgotten that travelling long distances within the country was a nightmare until Rajapaksa built the highways. They had forgotten that Colombo was once a dirty city and all the canals were smelly. They had forgotten that a large number of farmers committed suicide every year unable to buy fertilizer for their paddy fields. They had forgotten that unemployment was as high as 8 per cent when Rajapaksa came to power in 2005 and it had been reduced to 4.3 per cent by 2014. They had forgotten that telephone penetration in the country was only about 3 per cent in 2005 and by the time Rajapaksa was defeated there was 20 per cent more telephones used in the country than the actual population. They had forgotten that inflation, which was in double digits when Rajapaksa came to power, had been reduced to 3.3 per cent by 2014. They had forgotten that poverty which was at 15 per cent in 2005 had been reduced to 6 per cent by 2014. They were just unhappy. All they wanted was a change.

Weaknesses

There are no perfect leaders in the world. All the great leaders that we know of in the history have had their own weaknesses.

Even Emperor Asoka, who contributed so much to the spread of Buddhism in India and the rest of the world, was a brutal killer until he converted to Buddhism. Deng Xiaoping who is considered the Father of Modern China had blood on his hands due to the Tiananmen Square massacre in 1989. There were enough criticisms about the dictatorial approach of Lee Kuan Yew who transformed Singapore from a fishing village to a super power. Dr. Mahathir Mohammad of Malaysia and Dr. Abdul Gayoom of Maldives, who changed the fortunes of their respective nations, also had their share of weaknesses.

But history was kind to these leaders. They had enough time at their disposal to transform their countries so that most people remember the good side of them than their negative aspects.

Unfortunately, Rajapaksa didn’t have that luxury. He was ousted at a peacefully held election four and a half years after he ended the 30-year-long war in Sri Lanka. Despite early accusations from some lowly politicians about a coup, there was no such effort to retain power by force. The former President accepted defeat gracefully and left for his village even before the final result was announced.

Political strategists

As Rajapaksa himself admitted in Kurunegala, the political strategists in his camp had completely forgotten that they need to keep addressing different segments of society. Even though so much development work was carried out in the North and East, there was no machinery in place to win the hearts and minds of the Tamil people living in those areas. Muslims were not reminded of the hardships that their communities had to undergo under the LTTE rule. They were not reminded how much President Rajapaksa had done to support the Muslims even internationally. The elite in Colombo were another group of people who were not addressed effectively. When the Opposition started brainwashing the middle class and the floating voters, the response of the Rajapaksa Government was far below expected.

That’s how the Opposition, armed with financial support and strategic input from their international allies, could muster a sufficient number of voters to defeat President Rajapaksa. They managed to convince the voters that there is a need for better governance in the country.

A beautiful picture was painted during the election campaign. People started believing in the rainbow alliance that was emerging.

Voting Rajapaksa out and voting Sirisena in appeared to be the simplest solution to make Sri Lanka great again. Just look at the expectations that were created. The country would prosper at a much faster rate than before. Corruption would be completely eliminated. Foreign investors would rush to Sri Lanka. Stock market would thrive. Industries would boom. One million jobs would be created within five years. Law and order would be restored. The country would be drug free. Cost of living would be reduced.

The national debt will be completely eliminated by 2023. Education sector would receive 6 per cent GDP from the budget allocations while the health sector would receive 3 per cent of GDP.

Beautiful picture

A beautiful picture indeed! Who would want to miss this? That’s probably how the 6.2 million voters who fell for these promises thought.

But after two years and nine months since the new government came to power, even those people must be realizing that something has gone wrong. As the old saying goes a book cannot be judged only by its cover.

Let us do a reality check to understand the ground situation today.

The government, which came to power promising a corruption free society, is already in serious trouble having to defend the biggest financial crime of the history of this country. The bond scam is one of the most spoken of topics at every forum. According to the State Minister of Finance Lakshman Yapa, the direct and indirect cost of the bond scam to the country is over Rs 1 trillion.

The total economy of this country is only Rs 11.5 trillion and the loss due to bond scam is almost 10 per cent of that according to this assessment of the State Minister. Even though some people tried to discredit the minister, saying he has got the numbers wrong, it can easily be established that the facts are stubborn.

Bending the law

Instead of restoring law and order as promised by the government leaders when they were in Opposition, the new Inspector General of Police (IGP) has publicly explained how he intends to bend the law. There are ample examples of bending the law from the time the new government came to power. The government seems to be bending the law at will to protect its supporters and also to harass its opponents. The Police and the Bribery Commission have not touched a single person connected to the bond scam yet, though they are busy investigating thousands of people connected to the previous regime.

Instead of new jobs that were promised, the country has lost even the jobs that existed before. A comparison between employment statistics of 2014 and 2016 in the Central Bank Annual Report of 2016 shows that the loss is as high as 476,000 jobs within these two years.

The government came to power promising a reduction in the cost of living. But it has not happened. In reality, the government has increased taxes by 40 per cent during the initial two years in power. This amounts to an increase of Rs 414 billion per year. Ultimately all these taxes are paid by the people of this country directly or indirectly. With the introduction of the new laws, the tax burden of the people will increase further.

National debt

Even though the leadership of the present government keeps talking about a debt trap created by the previous government, in reality it is the present government, which has increased the national debt by 32 per cent within just two years. According to the Auditor General, the national debt had increased from Rs 7,391 billion in 2014 to Rs 9,865 billion by December 2016. If taken as a percentage of GDP, then the debt burden has increased from 71.3 per cent to 83.3 per cent within just two years. What is important to note here is that national debt as a percentage of GDP had reduced from 102.5 per cent to 71.3 per cent during the 2005-2014 period. Once again it has started climbing up and it is not a good sign. In 2016, the government had been borrowing at a rate of approximately Rs 3 billion every day.

We can keep highlighting more facts but they are not going to please the reader. Indeed it is a really gloomy picture.
On 4 September 2017, the government introduced the latest economic policy document at a mega function held at the BMICH.

We have to call it the latest because the previous economic policy document was introduced just one month ago on 22 August 2017. In fact the current leadership of the country has presented nine policy documents since they entered the election campaign in late 2014.

How long are we going to believe these fairy tales of the government?

Dr. Nalaka Godahewa is a former Chairman of Sri Lanka Tourism and of the Securities and Exchange Commission of Sri Lanka. He has three professional qualifications in Engineering, Finance and Marketing and also an MBA. He holds a PhD in Economics

Blood, Money and Markets

September 14th, 2017

by Padraig Colman Courtesy Ceylon Today

Sri Lankans have grown cynical about the number of public commissions and inquiries which have failed to shed any light or improve anything. Perhaps Sri Lankan politicians have learned from their former colonial masters that a good way to defuse a controversy is to set up an inquiry to delay any need for real action, at the same time providing a good living for lawyers and the great and the good who sit on these commissions.

On 30 January 1972, British soldiers shot 28 unarmed civilians in Derry during a peaceful protest march against internment. Fourteen people died. There were inquiries that did not convince anybody. The Saville Inquiry was established in 1998 to reinvestigate the incident. Saville’s report was not made public until 2010.

On 11 July 2017, The UK Government announced a full inquiry into how contaminated blood products gave thousands of people hepatitis C and HIV. Fourteen people died as a result of Bloody Sunday. As many as 2,400 people died as a result of the tainted blood scandal. Andrew Evans of the pressure group Tainted Blood commented: ‘Had haemophiliacs all died on one day, there would have been an immediate investigation and we would not have endured this silent scandal’.

Haemophilia is a genetically acquired disease in which the blood does not clot properly. It was once popularly called “the royal disease” and figured prominently in the history of European royalty in the 19th and 20th centuries. Queen Victoria, through two of her five daughters (Princess Alice and Princess Beatrice), passed the mutation to various royal houses across the continent, including the royal families of Spain, Germany and Russia. Victoria’s son Prince Leopold, Duke of Albany also suffered from the disease.

Factor VIII and Factor IX concentrates

The first blood-clotting products were produced in 1966 and from the 1970s the UK imported vast quantities from the US. In the 1970s, sufferers took products known as Factor VIII and Factor IX concentrates, which were made by distilling and concentrating the plasma of large groups of donors. Factor concentrates were seen as a revolutionary treatment and a surge in demand led to pharmaceutical companies seeking substantial supplies of blood. Unfortunately, the blood was acquired from tainted sources.

Convicts, drug addicts, prostitutes and people known to be infected with HIV or hepatitis were paid to donate their blood. The WHO warned Britain of the dangers of using these imported products. Large numbers of people were infected with HIV and Hepatitis C because of blood products supplied by the NHS. Of the 1,243 victims who were co-infected with both hepatitis C and HIV, less than 250 are still alive as I write.

In 1982, the first UK haemophiliac patient was diagnosed with Aids. Dr N Galbraith of the Public Health Laboratory Service warned the Department of Health (DoH) that all blood products imported from the US should be withdrawn. A Department of Health official deemed this ‘premature’ and ‘imbalanced’.

Those who campaigned for 30 years for an inquiry were not pleased at the recent announcement because the proposed inquiry was to be overseen by the DoH, the government department to blame for what happened.The main groups representing victims and their families lack trust in the department because they believe its officials were complicit in covering up the scandal for decades. There is even evidence that children were used as guinea pigs to test blood-clotting products. There was secret monitoring and failure to inform patients and families of the results. Documents were destroyed and medical records altered.

The mayor of Greater Manchester, former Labour Health Secretary Andy Burnham (surely, he was complicit also), has urged Theresa May to step in to save the inquiry. ‘I’m appealing to the Prime Minister to salvage the process before trust gets corroded on all sides.’ He said the Government could help solve the impasse by simply switching oversight to the Cabinet Office.

Commissions and Omissions

When the British magazine Private Eye reported on the issue in 1987, the death toll of haemophiliacs stood at 23 but the Tory Government, despite repeated warnings, continued to use imported blood from skid row donors. The magazine points out that there are 2,000 surviving haemophiliacs whose lives have been ruined by the Government’s failure to fund the production of safe blood-clotting products in the UK. In early 2000, safe but more expensive synthetic clotting agents were made available for children but not adults. Some adults found that they had been given products that may contain the fatal neurodegenerative variant Creutzfeldt–Jakob disease – remember mad cow disease?

Much was exposed by an inquiry led by Lord Archer (the former Solicitor General for England and Wales – not Jeffrey). This was a privately-funded independent inquiry set up in 2007 and concluded in 2009. Archer had campaigned for an inquiry with Lord Owen, who was the Labour Health Secretary from 1974 to 1976, Lord Jenkin, former Shadow Health Secretary, and others. The inquiry had no legal status and could not subpoena witnesses or demand the disclosure of documents. It did address the issue of missing evidence and documents relating to the scandal. For example, the ministerial papers of Lord Owen had been destroyed.

‘We have been unable to ascertain who carried out the destruction of the papers, and who gave the instructions. But the conclusion appears inescapable that some official made a decision which he or she had no authority to make, or that someone was guilty of a serious error of judgment. The consequence is that Lord Owen has done his best to recollect details of events a quarter of a century ago, but both he, and we, have been deprived of the primary sources.’

The current Health Secretary, Jeremy Hunt, claimed that the Government could be ‘proud of our record in support of those who suffered from this injustice to date, both financially and in the search for truth’. To add further insult to the many injuries already inflicted, Hunt announced that proposed increases in payments to those with HIV and advanced hep C or both would be cut to better help those with first stage chronic hep C – robbing one set of victims to help another.

Richard Titmuss, British social researcher and teacher, published The Gift Relationship in 1970. He compared blood donations in Britain (entirely voluntary) and the US (some bought and sold). Titmuss’ conclusions concerned the quality of communities where people are encouraged to give to strangers. When blood becomes a commodity, he argued, its quality is corrupted (American blood was four times more likely to infect recipients with hepatitis than was British blood). Titmuss helped preserve the National Blood Service from Thatcherite privatisation.

Privatisation and Outsourcing

Titmuss wrote about the value of altruism, reciprocity and social duty symbolised by donating blood free of chargein order to benefit the sick. I worked in the Department of Health in the late 1980s and early 1990s when the so-called ‘reforms’ were introduced in order to impose market considerations on the care of the sick.

Under Labour and Conservative Governments, this had brought about a corrosive commercialisation.

Harvard Philosopher Michael J Sandel has written a stimulating book entitled What Money Can’t Buy: The Moral Limits of Markets.

Sandel’s argument is that markets and finance are taking over everything and in the process, are creating a moral vacuum. It is interesting to see that with Vision 2025, the UNP is still trying to drag Sri Lanka along with the delusion that privatisation and outsourcing are the panaceas for all evils despite all evidence to the contrary. The launch of V2025, the blueprint for the future of a ‘rich Sri Lanka’ at BMICH gave an opportunity for old clichés to be trotted out. The President and the Prime Minister said that in Sri Lanka Finance Management was poor; perception of corruption was high, infrastructure inadequate; many laws were outdated and institutions were weak. ‘Reforms are needed on all these fronts and we must revitalise both governance and economic management.’ Privatisation and public private finance initiatives will solve all Sri Lanka’s problems apparently. This conveniently ignores the fact that privatisation and deregulation give license to corruption. The railway system in the UK is an utter shambles as a result of privatisation. So is the water ‘industry’. Many questioned whether it was morally justifiable for a God-given basic commodity like water to be traded for profit. Will they buy and sell the air that we breathe? They would if they could. I will explore the morality of markets further next week using Professor Sandel’s book as my guide.

National interests over global interests Sisyphus, Cerberus and the new world order

September 14th, 2017

with Ravi Ladduwahetty Courtesy Ceylon Today

Indeed, Russia and the U.S. were allies during the two tragic conflicts of the two World Wars, which allows us to think there’s something objectively bringing us together in difficult times, and I think – I believe – it has to do with geopolitical interests and also has a moral component.

– Russian President Vladimir Putin

In Greek mythology, Sisyphus or Sisyphosˈ was the king of Ephyra (now known as Corinth). He was punished for his self-aggrandizing craftiness and deceitfulness by being forced to roll an immense boulder up a hill, only to watch it come back to hit him, repeating this action for eternity. Through the classical influence on modern culture, tasks that are both laborious and futile are therefore described as Sisyphean.

On the other hand, also in Greek mythology, Cerberus often called the hound of Hades, is the monstrous multi-headed dog that guards the gates of the underworld to prevent the dead from leaving. Cerberus was the offspring of the monsters Echidna and Typhon, and usually is described as having three heads, a serpent for a tail, and snakes protruding from parts of his body.Cerberus is primarily known for his capture by Heracles, one of Heracles’ twelve labourers.

The new world order

It is moot to note that most of the global issues and the bones of contention are of a Sisyphean nature and they are described as Sisyphean.

This is manifestly and patently clear in the case of the clarion call for global change. We have again gone to the bottom of the hill, again like Sisyphus, with the US opting out of the Paris Accord which was heavily lobbied for by the new French President Emmanuel Macron. Reaching global consensus on each of these matters which are of global importance, are Sisyphean by nature.

There are some countries which have already opted out, while some other countries stand firm on international standards regarding these global matters.

Take for instance, parameters in relation to integrating economies and global economic development. It is then that national interests come in. Otherwise, what else would explain BREXIT? England opted out of the European Union, as it felt that an unnecessary number of Europeans were moving in and out of her territory. So, here again , there were the national interests which came ahead of the global or at least regional interests, as was very evident, in this instance.

This is the Sisyphean task. Each time that the man was asked to throw the huge stone off the mountain, God Olympus ensured that the stone kept rolling back before the mountain. It was a never ending task for Sisyphus. That is evidenced by the candid examples which are seen in global geopolitics and global geo-economics of today. Whether it is climate change or whether it is disarmament or economic integration, global leaders agree on certain parameters, then they beg to disagree like the Paris Accord on Climate Change! States in our global community accept theories when the national interests match up to theregional or global interests, be they climate change, disarmament or economic integration as the case may be.

Take the case of the Paris Accord in 2000 where most Member States of the UN and others agreed to reduce carbon dioxide emissions. Now the United States President Donald Trump himself says that the US cannot agree to global standards! Then, there are other countries, which also state that they need more time for the interpretation of the conditions. Sri Lanka, as well as some other developing countries, has stated that they have not reached the level of operation of the developed countries, in this regard.

This includes India and China which is a manifestation of a pathetic situation. The so-called developed countries have come together which have had multiplier effects on the environment in different countries. These are not figments of imagination, but time will tell what serious impact climate change would have on the world.

Disarmament

The next topic would be disarmament and nuclear non-proliferation.

It is a good thing that the NPT or the Nuclear Non Proliferation Treaty has worked. There is the IAEA or the International Atomic Energy Authority Board of Governors also at work.

There is a clarion call from these global institutions that there should be no nuclear weapons.

But evidence shows that these very countries are continuing to increase their nuclear arsenal. It appears as if North Korea is continuing with their agendas while maintaining that they do not heed to the global call.

Global economic integration

Global economic integration is one of the best forms of enhancing per capita incomes and living standards of the world. In this instance, the CARICOM (Caribbean Community) is better than the most powerful economic power in the world which is the EU, which is seen crumbling with BREXIT. In sharp contrast, there is CARICOM and ASEAN which are seen as huge success stories.

However, Myanmar is seen to be ethnic cleansing and the movement is seen to be losing its respect. It is in this context that the CARICOM say they are better. When they tried to do the same ethnic cleansing, it is the Dominican Republic which tried to ostracize and take away the membership of Seychelles.

So, under these circumstances, the implementation of the new global order is a gargantuan Sisyphean task, and will never happen until and unless the global order and interests match with the national interests. It is then that we could see the proliferation of globalization. It will be then that Sisyphus will be able to throw the stone beyond the hill where God Olympus will not send it back.

As for Cerberus, the dog which was guarding the underworld, there is one thing that he was vulnerable to and that was good music and he would fall asleep to it, permitting the return of Orpheus’ wife from the dead.

Now we see the manifestation of this in global geopolitics. A sop (an euphemism for a bribe) to Cerberus in the form of music ! That is to the countries which protect their own interests. This is also manifest with the presence of the United States in the Indian Ocean, which is not for the protection of the Indian Ocean and its border countries, per se, but to mitigate China’s presence in the Indian Ocean! What a tangled web we weave!

This columnist could be contacted on ravi.ladduwahetty@ceylontoday.lk

Convention on Enforced Disappearance clears way for extradition WHO IS TO BE EXTRADITED?

September 14th, 2017

The International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance is to be voted on in Parliament on the 21st of this month. Just 6 days away.

The Convention came into force on the 23rd December 2010. So far, of the 193 member states of the United Nations, only 57 countries have become State Parties by ratifying it. State Parties have voluntarily undertaken to be bound by its provisions.  Sri Lanka became a State Party on the 26th of May 2016. Just over a year ago.

Of cardinal significance is that the UK and the US have not become State Parties. When Lord Lester of Herne Hill asked Her Majesty’s Government whether it intends to sign the bill, Lord Triesman, Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Foreign and Commonwealth Office) had this to say:

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Protest against wartime disappearances

“The Government needs to conduct a detailed analysis of the provisions of the treaty and their implications for implementation in order to determine the UK’s position towards ratification, including whether we would need to make any reservations. The UK did not sign the convention at the signing ceremony in Paris on 6 February because the UK does not sign international treaties unless it has a firm intention to ratify within a reasonable time frame. We understand that 57 states, including 10 member states of the European Union, have so far signed the convention…”

As for the US, this is how it went at the Daily Press Briefings, with Sean McCormack, saying on 7th February 2007 in Washington DC:

“QUESTION: Did you notice that 57 countries signed a treaty today that would basically bar governments from holding secret detainees and the U.S. did not join?

MR. MCCORMACK: Yeah. This is — I understand that there is a Convention for the Protection of All Persons and Enforced Disappearances. And I know — I have some information on it here, George. I confess I don’t have all the details. I do know that we participated in all the meetings that produced the draft. Beyond that, I can’t give you specific reasons here from the podium as to why we didn’t sign on to it. We’ve put out a public document that I can give you the citation for afterwards and it explains our reasons for not participating in the draft. But I think just as a general comment, clearly the draft that was put up for a vote or put for signature was not one that met our needs and expectations.”

And yet, Sri Lanka’s Yahapalana government which looks to those two countries for guidance, signed up for it. Some of the other countries which signed up, declared certain reservations at the time of signing which are included with their signature. For instance, Cuba has the following declaration:

“Declaration:  The Republic of Cuba hereby declares, in accordance with article 42, paragraph 2, that it does not consider itself obliged to refer its disputes to the International Court of Justice, as provided for in paragraph 1 of the same article.”

Morocco, Ukraine and Venezuela did the same. Sri Lanka, however, did not.

Consider the following in Article 13.4:

“If a State Party which makes extradition conditional on the existence of a treaty receives a request for extradition from another State Party with which it has no extradition treaty, it may consider this Convention as the necessary legal basis for extradition in respect of the offence of enforced disappearance.”

From what I understand, this means that in the case of Sri Lanka, even if we don’t have an extradition treaty with another State Party, if they request the extradition of, say, General Jagath Jayasuriya to Brazil (which by the way is a State Party), we have to oblige!

Isn’t that why this government is gagging to ratify this treaty? If it wasn’t, wouldn’t it have made a declaration that gave it a way out?

The only declaration Sri Lanka did make at the time of signing is to strengthen the role of the committee:

“Declaration under article 32: “… the Government [of the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka] wishes to declare as per Article 32 of the Convention that it recognizes the competence of the Committee to receive and consider communications in which a State Party claims that another State Party is not fulfilling its obligations under this Convention”.

This was despite the fact that article 32 goes on to say:

“The Committee shall not receive communications concerning a State Party which has not made such a declaration, nor communications from a State Party which has not made such a declaration.”

This makes it seem like Sri Lanka, in May 2016, wanted very much to avail itself of every opportunity to use this convention fully!

Even if it claims good faith, it is incumbent on a government to ensure that the country’s security as a state is not jeopardized when it signs international treaties. One has only to recall the Darusman report with its extravagant claims, to be alerted to the dangers of a distorted narrative skillfully mainstreamed by a separatist Diaspora which was able to co-opt even eminent international lawyers to underwrite its claims.

The claims in Brazil by a civil society group which calls for the extradition of General Jagath Jayasuriya is only the canary in the mineshaft.

The inordinate hurry to bring this Convention for a vote in parliament at this time, when most members are seized with the far more important work of the Constitution, only exposes this government’s bad faith in trying to slip it in without due consideration of the national interest, and without granting adequate time for the parliament (i.e. the people’s elected representatives) to study it and make the necessary amendments to it.

Reading Sir Desmond de Silva QC’s riveting book, ‘Madam Where Are Your Mangoes?’ where he recounts his experiences as the Chief Prosecutor of the Special Court for Sierra Leone which indicted Charles Taylor, the President of Liberia, an evil character by all accounts, it is clear that the international criminal justice system has many ways to bring wrongdoers to justice. Sir Desmond’s Diary record for the 10th of March 2003 reads: “HMS Iron Duke is at anchor off Lumley Beach. Her 4.5 inch guns with a range of twenty two kilometers are trained on Freetown…”  Freetown is where the Special Court was located.  It continues: “C company of the Royal Gurkhas is conducting a set piece firepower demonstration…They will use antitank guided missile and medium range mortars… The projection of power is…a signal that any attempt to interfere with arrests to be carried out, or any attempt to come to the aid of the indicted War criminals will be met with force.”

In President Charles Taylor’s case, despite the African continent’s reluctance to hand him over, ways were found to persuade Nigeria to do the deed. The Appeals Chamber gave a judgment in this case that read: “The principle seems now established that the sovereign equality of states does not prevent the head of state from being prosecuted before an international tribunal or court.”

People such as Charles Taylor needed to be stopped since he sounds like he’d lost his mind— the crimes ascribed to him are utterly heinous. However Sri Lanka at this moment in history is facing a false narrative about its war against an ethnic separatist militia employing terrorism, including suicide bombing, as its weapon of choice. The anti-war, anti-Sri Lanka lobby has been able to win the sympathy of the powerful Western countries, even though this narrative conspicuously failed to win a vote at the UN Human Rights Council in 2009. Before the goodwill gained by that effort could be consolidated to firmly establish a fair account of the war against the LTTE, Sri Lanka’s Ambassador was recalled by the government of the day. Since then, the approach of that Sri Lankan government saw many resolutions censoring it, urging it to prosecute those alleged of War Crimes. It is during this time that we saw the Darusman report present a biased view, which the government of the day never countered! It is now like the gold standard of accounts against Sri Lanka and is quoted in every book and article on the subject.

Just as one thought it couldn’t get worse, the successor government was only too eager to co-sponsor resolutions of similar or worse claims.  And now we have this Convention on Disappearances about to be presented in parliament.

As the book Travesty by John Laughland shows, in the case of the International Court of Justice for Former Yugoslavia, in the West’s eagerness to prosecute, this court was illegally constituted and its judgments found wanting. Some who have been prosecuted have been exonerated, but too late, for they died while incarcerated.

In this context, it seems unethical and a crass political expediency for the government to bring this bill to parliament on the 21st of this month, sandwiched between the 20th amendment (Sept 20th) and the tabling of the consolidated Steering Committee report on the Constitution (Sept 22nd).

If the really existing Opposition is unable to successfully appeal for postponement, they should at least attempt to include reservations by way of amendments. It may be unusual procedure since we have already signed the convention. But since the convention itself allows amendments to it with the support of two thirds of the state parties, I don’t see why a parliament which was not consulted when the convention was signed by the Sri Lankan Foreign Ministry, should meekly accede to it without proper consideration of our national interest. It is for this purpose that we have sent our representatives to parliament. The least they can do is to declare its opposition and enter its reservations into the ratification to properly reflect the position of the people of this country.

At least some of us citizens don’t want this government to use this convention to eliminate the competition that it clearly cannot overcome at an election.

 [The writer is author of ‘MISSION IMPOSSIBLE-GENEVA: Sri Lanka’s Counter-Hegemonic Asymmetric Diplomacy at the UN Human Rights Council’, published by Vijitha Yapa and now available at the International Book Fair, BMICH.]

Highway robbery?

September 14th, 2017

Editorial Courtesy The Island


The central expressway project is riddled with corruption, the JVP tells us. We don’t intend to question the veracity of the Rathu Sahodarayas’ claim because they are quite au fait with the affairs of the present government as one of the yahapalana allies. It may be recalled that they were represented on the National Executive Council, which was formed after the defeat of the previous administration, to usher in good governance among other things! What one gathers from the questions they raise in Parliament is that they are privy to the findings of the special investigative units, established by the present government to probe corruption under the Rajapaksa government. Never has the Sirisena-Wickremesinghe government called into question the accuracy of information the JVP comes out with in Parliament about corruption; instead, it promptly acts thereon to pillory its political enemies before having them arrested. So, there is no way the government can claim that the JVP has got it wrong only where the central highway issue is concerned.

One of the main allegations the UNP used to turn public opinion against the Rajapaksa government and engineer the 2015 regime change was corruption in the expressway projects. Curiously, the yahapalana government has not had the questionable highway deals under the previous dispensation investigated. It owes an explanation. There has been a role reversal with the Rajapaksa loyalists in the Joint Opposition (JO) now making the same allegation against the yahapalana leaders. The JVP has been demanding to know whether the central expressway will be made of gold, given its massive cost.

The successful anti-corruption campaign launched by the UNP and its yahapalana chums including the JVP caused the Rajapaksa government to lose elections. The present administration is not holding elections for fear of losing them!

Chairman of the Sri Lanka Podu Jana Peramuna Prof. G. L. Peiris, too, has told the media that the government has, paying no heed to Technical Evaluation Committee recommendations, decided to award the contract for building the Central Expressway to some Japanese companies in a questionable manner and the country will suffer a huge loss.

True, corrupt deals under the previous government stank to high heaven and the JO heavyweights did their damnedest to defend them albeit in vain and vilified the anti-corruption activists including the then Opposition members. But, that should not be a reason for the incumbent government to ignore the serious allegations of corruption against its own members.

Prime Minister Ranil Wickremesinghe told Parliament the other day that the present government had been able to slash the cost of the central expressway project considerably. If so, there is no need for the government to fear a probe. The general consensus is that the previous government launched mega development projects unlike the present dispensation, but there were massive cost overruns like that of the Uma Oya project and corruption was rampant. The present administration undertook to conduct investigations thereinto and bring those who had lined their pockets at the expense of the public to justice. But, it has not made good on that pledge. Is it because, after being ensconced in power, it has found that ‘the streets are paved with gold’ and does not want to order probes lest they should not be able to benefit from kickbacks?

Let President Maithripala Sirisena be urged to order an investigation into the central expressway project issue.

Meanwhile, Japan promptly responded to Sri Lanka’s distress call when the Meethotamulla garbage dump collapsed in April this year. It rushed in a team of experts here to carry out an investigation and submit a report. It has to act equally fast as regards the very serious allegations against some of its companies which have been named by the Opposition, and get to the bottom of it.

Dappula disagrees with CoI ruling …calls decision arbitrary

September 14th, 2017

By Shyam Nuwan Ganewatta and Sarath Dharmasena

Senior Additional Solicitor General Dappula de Livera PC the chief counsel of the Attorney General’s Department before the Presidential Commission of Inquiry probing the treasury bond scam yesterday said that he could not agree with the Commission’s decision not to compel the owner of Perpetual Treasuries Ltd Arjuna Aloysius to give evidence before the commission.

“We do not agree with the Commission’s decision not to compel Aloysius to give evidence. I have explained the necessity of obtaining a statement from Arjun Aloysius. This decision overlooking the matters presented before the Commission is an arbitrary one,” Livera PC said.

Livera PC said that he was stating the opinion of the Attorney General on the issue.

The Senior Additional Solicitor General said that he would not make any further statements on the issue and the future course of action with regard to the matter would be decided after a discussion with the Attorney General and that would be conveyed to the Commission.

The Senior Additional Solicitor General said so following a statement made before the Commission by Gamini Marapana appearing for Arjun Aloysius.

When the Commission resumed sittings yesterday, the Chairman of the Commission Supreme Court Judge KT Chitrasiri queried from Marapana whether the latter’s client would give evidence before the Commission or not and what was his standpoint over the matter.

Marapana: There is no change in the decision we had made in this regard. Arjuna Aloysius would not give evidence before the Commission. He does not want to give evidence before the Commission.

The Commission had summoned Aloysius to give him an opportunity to state his version with regard to some issues that transpired at the sessions, Marapana said adding that his client however changed his mind and decided not to give evidence after considering the advise given by him.

Marapana PC said that he appreciated the latest decision by the Commission not to compel Aloysius to appear before the Commission. Marapana said that the Commission’s ruling was exemplary and the landmark ruling would be very useful for lawyers and judges in the future.


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