Navi Pillai should come to Sri Lanka with an open mind unencumbered with prejudices.

August 21st, 2013

ƒÆ’-¡ By Charles.S.Perera

ƒÆ’-¡ If Navi Pillai is on a fact finding mission to Sri Lanka, she should set aside her prejudices and come with an open mind.ƒÆ’-¡  Then and then only will she see for herselfƒÆ’-¡  how Sri Lanka existsƒÆ’-¡  as a country with three Communities making up her population.ƒÆ’-¡ 

But if she is coming to see to what extent she could justify her prejudices against the Government of Sri Lanka and the Sinhala people ofƒÆ’-¡  the majority Community, then it is better she stays back and learns about Sri Lanka from its enemies-the Tamil Diaspora, AmericanƒÆ’-¡  Sate Department, the NGOs, Amnesty International, and other anti Sri Lankan human rightsƒÆ’-¡  activists.ƒÆ’-¡  Because with her mind full of such prejudices the facts of reality of Sri Lanka will not sink into her mind.

The Government of Sri Lanka has invited her to see for herself to what extent the Government of Sri Lanka has provided facilities to improve the condition of living of the ƒÆ’-¡ Tamil people in the North and East after the elimination of terrorism.ƒÆ’-¡  She will be able to see that ƒÆ’-¡ the facilities provided to North and EastƒÆ’-¡  are far more than those that have been provided to the South.ƒÆ’-¡ 

She will also be able toƒÆ’-¡  evaluate for herselfƒÆ’-¡  whether in the infrastructure development, and the provision ofƒÆ’-¡  facilities of health, education, water and otherƒÆ’-¡  public services, there is discrimination against the Tamils of the North and East in relation to the people in the South.

But all this will be possible if Navi Pillai is wise and intelligentƒÆ’-¡  to see through those many anti-government forces who will infiltrate into her presence to murmur into her ears calumnious misinformation that will distort her vision of reality.

For instance the Tamil National Alliance in theƒÆ’-¡  mere fact of they beingƒÆ’-¡  members of a political party of high Caste Tamils are depending on the low caste Tamil majority in Jaffna who with their mental acceptance of the Tamils of high caste as their superiors by divine right of Hindu Caste System, ƒÆ’-¡ may vote for them to represent them in the Provincial Council.

In that mental assurance, though up to now the TNA MPs have not contributed in anyway or planned any future projects for the development ofƒÆ’-¡  the North,ƒÆ’-¡  they have been travelling to different countries of the world where there are pro-terrorist Tamil diaspora organisations, seeking their help to form in Sri Lanka a Tamil Eelam State.

The TNA other than its ambition to set up a separate Eelam State hasƒÆ’-¡  no practical plan to contribute to the development of Sri Lanka as a United Nation of Sri Lankans, leaving aside the ethnic differences of the Communities in Sri Lanka.ƒÆ’-¡ 

The TNA speaks of LLRC only to show that ƒÆ’-¡ the Government of Sri Lanka is not for reconciliation, not withstanding that allƒÆ’-¡  proposals the TNA is coming forward with are separatist to keep the Tamil Community ƒÆ’-¡ away from the Sinhala Community, which is ƒÆ’-¡ opposed to reconciliation TNA complains the Government is not complying with.

If Navi Pillai would listen to the TNA delegation which is scheduled to meet her, intelligently with an open mind, without being swayedƒÆ’-¡  one way or the other as it is expected of her, she will perceiveƒÆ’-¡  their ƒÆ’-¡ separatist Agenda for the Tamils of the North of Sri Lanka.ƒÆ’-¡ 

The TNA ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ”¹…”s primary ƒÆ’-¡ demand is the demilitarisation of the North, and the release of the members of the Tamil Terrorist group now under detention.

What is the motive behind this demand ?

The North without the presence of the military, and the release of the former members of the Tamil TerroristƒÆ’-¡  group would create an ideal situation toƒÆ’-¡  organisation a militant Tamil group who will awaken the terrorist ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ…-sleepersƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬, who are awaiting the proper time to awaken to recommence terrorism if necessary to separate the North for a Tamil Eelam State.ƒÆ’-¡ 

ƒÆ’-¡ They will demand ƒÆ’-¡ the Military to be confined to the barracks during the NPC polls, and reduce the number of forces present in the North.ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ 

ƒÆ’-¡ What is behind this demand ?ƒÆ’-¡ 

ƒÆ’-¡ With the Armed Forces Confined to Barracks and theƒÆ’-¡  numbers reduced, the TNA could create a situation where the TamilƒÆ’-¡  people of the North could be made to vote for the candidates of TNA under duress.ƒÆ’-¡ 

The people could be moved in groups under the control of militant Tamils perhaps recruited from amoung those sympathetic to terrorism, to create a fear psychosis amoung the Tamil people which will deny them ƒÆ’-¡ votingƒÆ’-¡  for the Candidates of their choice, but to the Candidates suggested by the Militants of the TNA.ƒÆ’-¡ 

The people in such an eventuality may not have any one to turn, with the military confined to the barracks, not able to rush to different place where trouble are being reported due toƒÆ’-¡  the lack of enough soldiers as the number of Armed Forces are reduced.

It was in the North that terrorism became possible, because there were Tamils with the mentality of those in the TNA.ƒÆ’-¡  There is only a military solution to terrorism.

If there is ever a possibility for ƒÆ’-¡ terrorism to arise, it willƒÆ’-¡  againƒÆ’-¡  be in the North, as the Tamil political leaders such as those in the TNA would only encourage such an evolution rather thanƒÆ’-¡  curb it. It is therefore for that reason a strongƒÆ’-¡  all time Military presence is essential in the North and East than any where else in Sri Lanka.

The other issues the TNA delegation will demand Navi Pillai to take up would be the plight of the Tamil political prisoners, war crimes, and disappearances.ƒÆ’-¡  These are matters that are controversial and without proof, which ƒÆ’-¡ every one against the Sri Lanka Armed Forces for the elimination of terrorism continues to question in different forums.

But Navaneetham Pillai should not waste her time in Sri LankaƒÆ’-¡  going through ƒÆ’-¡ what she had already familiarised herself in the Geneva Human Rights Council Sessions.ƒÆ’-¡ 

Navi Pillay if she is smart would see in this demonstration of the TNA Delegation to portrayƒÆ’-¡  the Government of Sri Lanka as discriminating against the Tamils in the North, is that TNA is meeting her not to discuss itsƒÆ’-¡  proposals for the development of the North for the benefit of the Tamil people and how they propose to effect the reconciliation of the Communities. ƒÆ’-¡ But the TNA Delegation is meeting herƒÆ’-¡  to indirectly demand her support as a ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ…-TamilƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ for her ƒÆ’-¡ to propose the presence of a Foreign MissionƒÆ’-¡  to facilitate their plan to separate North from the rest of the country, and turn it into a separate Tamil Eelam State.

It is important that Navi Pillai should not restrict her visit to Jaffna.ƒÆ’-¡  She should visit the Southern parts of Sri Lanka and meet the Tamil people living there, and see the Tamil business establishments.ƒÆ’-¡  She should also meet the Tamil public servants and the Tamil employeesƒÆ’-¡  in the private Sector working in the South. She should see how families of different communities live side by side in Colombo and other Towns.ƒÆ’-¡  She should visit a few Sinhala families as well those among the rich and the poor.

This is important as Navi Pillai is aware how the black people including Indians in South AfricaƒÆ’-¡  were separated from the whites and put into ƒÆ’-¡ ghettos.ƒÆ’-¡  InƒÆ’-¡  AmericaƒÆ’-¡  and in European countries people are still housed in ƒÆ’-¡ separate areas mostly away from the whites.ƒÆ’-¡ 

In Sri LankaƒÆ’-¡  there are no such ghettos where the Tamils are housed separated from the Sinhala and Sinhala have special residential areas.ƒÆ’-¡  In Sri Lanka all communities live together in the towns except that in the country side there areƒÆ’-¡  Muslim villages, Tamil villages and Sinhala villages close to each other without any sense of segregation.

These are the matters that should concern Navi Pillai to ƒÆ’-¡ understand ƒÆ’-¡ how things are different in the south , where members of different Communities exist as friendly neighboursƒÆ’-¡  along side each other.

BecauseƒÆ’-¡  as she is intelligent she may question why the same mixture of Communities should not be there in the North.ƒÆ’-¡  Such mixture of Communities willƒÆ’-¡  enhance the understanding , friendly inter-communication, and reconciliation to form a union of communities instead of theƒÆ’-¡  absurdity of separation.

That is the only way to reconcile the Communities and seal the formation of a nation of people with the common purpose of developing Sri Lanka the motherland of every one of them without differentiating one community from the other for reasons of ethnicity, religion or language.

Navi Pillai should be made to understand that necessity and for that greater purpose to leave aside those allegations the TNA is highlighting, such as the plight of the Tamil political prisoners, war crimes, and disappearances, in order ƒÆ’-¡ to keep the Communities separated and help the formation of a separate Eelam State for the Tamils.

What is of greater necessity for the welfare of the Tamil people ? Is it SeparationƒÆ’-¡  from theƒÆ’-¡  other Communities or uniting with the other Communities to form one with them all ?

If Navi Pilla who is herself a Tamil is for the welfare of the Tamil people ƒÆ’-¡ of Sri Lanka she should not give in to TNA, but agree to theƒÆ’-¡  second option of the Tamil Community uniting with the other communities of Sri Lanka to form a one Nation of Sri Lankans.

Animal Sacrifice in Sri Lanka must STOP

August 21st, 2013

Shenali D Waduge

For 25 centuries Sri Lanka was a nation that had prohibited animal slaughter of any kind by royal decree. The royal proclamations by the Sinhala Buddhist kings forbidding every citizen including visitor and trader to slaughter animals has not been repealed and questions why what did not exist under traditional governance today takes place in the form of animal sacrifice, a ritual killing as part of some religions to appease a god or gods. How can taking the life of another bestow merit on a person? It is the ethical and moral dimension of animal sacrifice that is the core argument being raised to ask how Sri Lankan Governments can ignore the embodiment of Buddhist values and abandon the tradition of governance (sirith) that prevailed. If state protection was granted and legally enshrined to animals and slaughter of cattle was strictly prohibited for what reasons is it being allowed now?

BuddhaƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s compassion for animals

The Buddha was against animal sacrifice on the premise that all living beings including sentient beings should not be killed but treated with compassion. No one can argue against this noble declaration.

King Devanampiyatissa took upon the trusteeship to protect animals, birds and other living beings about 2300 years ago after a plea made by Arahant Mahinda, whose father Emperor Ashoka of India (3rdc BC) accepted responsibility for animals declaring edicts that were legal pronouncement based on ethical teachings. Every Sri Lankan king followed King Devanampiyatissa providing state protection for animals:

“Oh! Great King, the birds of the air and the beasts have an equal right to live and move about in any part of this land as thou.ƒÆ’-¡ The land belongs to the peoples and all other beings and thou art only the guardian of it.”

Can any religion argue with the BuddhaƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s appeal to show compassion to all sentient beings? No religious animal sacrifice can absolve from the cruel and inhuman manner in which animals are sacrificed as this video from Indonesia will show. How can people watch animals being stabbed to death, slowly slittingƒÆ’-¡  shallow cuts to the throat, beheading them, being torn apart by ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ…-humanƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ mobs, being burnt alive, suffocated, skinned alive and to have oneƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s heart removed while fully conscious? How inhuman is it for Governments to subsidize, fund and take children to view these sacrifice events? Are children not traumatized by viewing animals being treated so cruelly and would this not make them lose their inner compassion for fellow beings even humans?

This site gives you a real time count of animals being slaughtered

The West is realizing the moral evil of animal sacrifice

The rise in movements to reduce and eliminate crimes perpetrated on animals and to approach animal sacrifice on a social ethical dimension is now gathering momentum. It has resulted in a remarkable attitudinal shift for predominately Christian West nations. What is wonderful is that just as the Buddha had preached, the West had now realized that animals like us suffer pain and just as we do not wish to die the animal too does not wish to be deprived of his life. This sympathy and empathy for sentient beings is at the core of Buddhist compassion (Metta).

ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ…-All fear the rod of death,

All are scared.

(understanding others) from oneƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s own example,

one should neither kill nor cause to killƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ (Dhammapada)

Animals are living beings too

The Constitution of India, the country that should be most proud of the Buddha declares it is a fundamental duty of every citizen to have compassion for living creatures. In India Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh, Kerala, Pondicherry and Rajastan have banned the sacrifice of animals and birds. Yet, Maneka Gandhi, a crusader for animal rights says there are over 11,000 ILLEGAL slaughter houses in Delhi alone. She also says ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ…-Cows provide approx 100 million tonnes of dry dung a year costing Rs 5000 crores which saves 50 million tonnes of firewood which again means that many trees saved and more environmental damage prevented. It is calculated that if these 73 million animals were to be replaced, we would need 7.3 million tractors at the cost of 2.5 lac each which would amount to an investment of 180,000 crores. In addition 2 crore, 37 lakh and 50 thousand tonnes of diesel which would mean another 57,000 crore rupees. This is how much we owe these animals, and this is what we stand to lose by killing them.ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬¦..: In Mumbai, the Muslims like eating only pregnant and milking cows. I have film footage of cows that are being milked ten minutes before their heads are cut offƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬

Predominate Hindu India too has been overrun by the multicultural secularists. Yet, there are some like the Shia cleric Maulana Syed Kalbe Sadiq of the All India Muslim Personal Law Board who issued a statement ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ…-It is my appeal to Muslims to completely restrain from sacrificing the cow on the Eid-ul-Azha. India is our country and we should respect the feeling of Hindu brethren who are the majorityƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬. It would be nice if Hindu was replaced with Buddhism and the same message issued in Sri Lanka.

ƒÆ’-¡ Why is Sri Lanka ignoring the royal decree of the Sinhala Buddhist kings?

For 25 centuries Sri Lanka was ruled by 180 Sinhala Buddhist kings and the rule of law was simple. The King himself followed the Dasa Raja Dharma and no one including himself could kill any animal. Even the South Indian King Elara followed the Buddhist royal decree and punished his own son for harming a cow.

The MAAGHAATA (do not kill) proclamations prevailed from 1st to 8th century. Proclamations were made to protect wild life and fishes in the forests and lakes by King Vijayabahu 1 in the 11th century and Parakramabahu the Great in the 12th century. Some kings like King Buddhadassa (341AD) became reputed medical and veterinary surgeons. It was believed that all Kings that followed the Dasa Raja Dharma and protected animals had divine healing capabilities.

The most astounding decree was issued by King Kirti Sri Nissankamalla who forbid killing of all living beings throughout the country in 6 famous inscriptions and every citizen and even non-citizen (including traders, visitors) to Sri Lanka had to follow the royal decree without any objection.

ƒÆ’-¡ There was really nothing anyone could object to given that the moral and ethical aspect of killing was nothing other religions could argue against. How could other religions say it is the right of their religion to kill when Buddhists say to treat animals with compassion? Thus the royal decree of the Sinhala Buddhist kings highlights the social and legal history of Sri Lanka which changed ONLY after being invaded and taken over by colonial forces who not only legalized animal killing but introduced liquor and other vices.

What the colonials took away from Sri Lanka is left for the indigenous leaders of Sri Lanka to restore. No one opposed the prohibition of animal slaughter pre-colonial times but why is it being opposed now? Is it not because proper laws are not in place and Governments including the Maha Sangha have failed to uphold the indigenous culture of Sri Lanka that had been usurped and placed with cultures that have no roots in Sri Lanka?

ƒÆ’-¡ Time for animal rights law in Sri Lanka

The number of requests made by animal rights activists to the authorities are too many, the number of petitions signed and handed over to the authorities are many too. The existing law on animal rights is that which prevailed during British rule.

When the fine for illegal transportation of cattle is just Rs.100 according to the law set out in 1893 it puts to shame the royal decrees that prevailed during the Sinhala Buddhist kings.

The mass slaughter taking place at Munneshwaran hindu kovil as well as the ritual slaughter that takes place during the festival of Bakr-Eid has led to many questioning the ethics of killing to bestow upon oneself merit.

In August 2010, 300 goats and 600 chickens were slaughtered despite the prevalence of the Cruelty to Animals Ordinance. By taking away the life of another can devotees of Munneshwaran expect to be blessed? Are these senseless killings not bringing ill-luck on the country with the tears and sadness of the animals that are being slaughtered? Even nations like US, US, Australia and EU nations will not tolerate such barbaric rituals which next asks why is the Sri Lankan Government allowing such? In terms of numbers who matters to them ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬”…” the numbers who want to kill or those that do not want to kill?

What is the democratic right to kill an innocent animal? What is the Buddha Sasana Ministry doing? Those running behind hate speech acts have kept mum on the inhumanity to animals is it for votes or other reasons?

If the Government and Buddha Sasana inaction is attributed to fear of displeasing other countries and their religious beliefs why do these countries not respect Sri LankaƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s Buddhist religious beliefs in their countries? Where is the equality of status in these nations while demanding far more than they are prepared to accede to other faiths especially Buddhists?

In slaughtering an animal do their flesh and blood reach God? Is it not oneƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s piety that reaches Him?

For Muslims sacrifice is meant to demonstrate charity ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬”…” how can that be done by taking a life of an animal that cannot talk to plead to be allowed to live?

If in olden times the sacrifice of meat was to provide protein when money was not in existence, in modern times is it not simpler to donate money as charity and find other means to help the poor?

By donating money to celebrate Muslim festivals, Muslims can surely demonstrate submission to God instead of taking lives of blameless animals.

For those taking part in the ritual of slaughter at Munneshwaran that same logic applies.

Under what logic can a person agree to kill an animal for the purpose of satisfying a God or deity? Does this mean that the God or deity want people to kill for him? Where does it say that animals have to be sacrificed for God? Given that in tribal times people were not educated to question the ethics and social aspects of what they were doing, the fact that Jews and Christians have stopped making animal sacrifices to Got shows they have learnt and adjusted with time. Why is this not so with Islam especially during the Bakr Eid festival and more importantly why do those going to the Munneshwaran temple not realize the cruelty that they are participating in being a Hindu temple?

Some shocking statistics

Every year for Bakr Eid 100million animals are slaughtered in 2 days of festivities globally by Muslims. Camel slaughter also takes place even in India. There are 19million camels the world over according to FAO statistics.

Yet there are some who says that in the US more than 27,000,000 animals are killed every day for secular reasons such as food, leather and fur ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬”…” many times the number who are killed in Mecca for Eid al-Adha. Yet, how long are we to argue on the basis of finger pointing ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬”…” is it not time that we looked at the moral and ethical dimension of killing animals instead of arguing why killings need to take place? Whether it is humane animal slaughter or ritual slaughter ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬”…” no one can deny the right of an animal to live. It was on this basis that the Polish parliament rejected ritual animal slaughter in July 2013

What the public say ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬”…” some comments taken from various sites:

Sometimes I am so disgusted by cruelty to animals by “humans”ƒÆ’-¡ 
that I wish we did not exist! (ƒÆ’-¡ Risto Siljanoski)


No matter if you call god Allah, Jesus, Krishna or whatever, NO God wants people to be cruel and selfish. Every religion teaches humbleness, love and compassion for all beings on earth!

Nothing Holy comes from being cruel. Please put an end to this evil circle in the name of God. PLEASE!!!! (ƒÆ’-¡ Maxine Wilby-Bellett)

Rob and Jay B – No amount of Political Correctness can ever condone such utter barbarism! The gutters and streets literally run with the blood of so many sentient beings being held down and having their throats slit. Watch the videos, there are so many, and see the shocking joy on the faces of those watching these killings. There are even children watching with joyous faces!ƒÆ’-¡ 

This is a Jewish story and prophet which Mohammed borrowed and adapted for his own book, but the Jews don’t practice this blood fest that would make the Roman pagan sacrifices look like a PETA gathering. There is no excuse for this horrible practice in this day and age.

And the Muslims and their apologists will come on and claim that having your throat slit is painless. How absurd! Just remember how painful that little cut in the kitchen was and then think how that would have felt having your own throat slit open and drowning in your pumping blood. Nothing can explain this disgusting practice away.

And, no we don’t eat animals. We are Vegans, so don’t try that argument. All people of conscience and good will should work to see the end of this horrible, cruel abomination. The Humane Society Int’l condemned a small Hindu sect for sacrificing some animals in a similar barbaric fashion, and they stopped. BUT the HSI remains silent and complicit in this, the biggest pagan bloodfest in human history. Why? Because it is OK to condemn anyone else’s uncivilized behavior, but it is politically incorrect to say anything negative against Islam, no matter now deserved the criticism may be.

Here’s the scientific argument against the silly notion that slitting a throat is painless:

I can’t even bear to think about this. This isn’t godly! What kind of deity would want such a blood bath? No good god, for certain. There is no place in the modern world for such barbarism. Just sickening. No religion is exempt for criticism when it practices such uncivilised behaviour as this. (Carola May) Friday October 26, 2012, 9:09 am

The precedence set up Parakramabahu the Great and other Sinhala Buddhist king not the cultural influences that was forcibly introduced by the colonial rulers should be followed by Sri LankaƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s leaders. Leaders of Sri Lanka are not voted to uphold the values of commonwealth values and advisers following pseudo-secularist norms cannot usurp the will of those voting leaders to office. What the Buddhists consider is as sacred must be upheld.

Animal slaughter must stop. Let us approach this issue on an ethical and compassionate dimension.



Do Sri Lankan Muslims Lack Empathy?

August 20th, 2013

By Bisthan Batcha

There is a world of difference between the terms fundamentalist and extremist. A fundamentalist is one who chooses to adhere strictly to the teachings of the Quran and the Sunnah, but does not impose such practices on other Muslims ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬”…” verbally or otherwise. An extremist is also one who chooses to adhere strictly to the teachings of the Quran and the Sunnah, but is ready and willing to go to extreme lengths including violence to ensure that other Muslims too adhere to such practices. It is extremely important that the members of Muslims Questioning Extremism understand this distinction and ensure that their comments and opinions are directed at ‘extremists’ and not at ‘fundamentalists’ who are basically at peace with themselves at the thought that they are following Islam as it was intended.

We are Sri Lankan Muslims ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬”…” a unique ethnic group found only on this Island. Our lives and life-styles are inextricably linked to that of the other 90% of Sri Lankans. Over the centuries we have evolved a somewhat liberal outlook, but have not strayed away from the basic tenets of Islam. Our life-styles have emerged as being compatible with the more secular lifestyles of Muslim Countries such as Turkey and Malaysia / Indonesia rather than that of the rigid, spiritual life-style of Saudi Arabia. Let us try to keep it that way. Let us ensure that our way of living, while adhering broadly to the rules of Islam, empowers our young men and especially our young women to face the future with confidence and courage. We owe them that much. Bear in mind that a young Muslim mother living in a Muslim Country will be looked after by the State if anything unfortunate should happen to her husband. However, a young Muslim mother in Sri Lanka will at the end of the day have to fend for herself. Our community has to ensure that such unfortunate females are armed with the necessary educational and social skills that will enable her to lead an independent and respectable life in Sri Lanka. This could only be achieved by making it possible for every Muslim girl to realize her full potential as a human being.

We should perceive the recent upsurge in anti-Muslim rhetoric as a timely warning that everything is not quite hunky-dory with regard to our standing among the other ethnic groups ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬”…” specifically the Buddhists. We have to ask ourselves as to what exactly it is about our way of living that is causing concern and apprehension among our Buddhist brothers and sisters. We have to accept that fact that we may not like the answers to such questions, but should not shy away for this reason.

Some of the key issues that have been raised in the comments of anti-Muslim bloggers are as follows.

The Halaal Issue : The question of Muslims consuming permissible foods was never a problem to the Buddhists who couldnƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢t care less as to what the Muslims chose to eat or not to eat. The ACJU made the mistake of attempting to explain the concept of Halaal to all and sundry to defend itƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s actions. Unfortunately what the ACJU failed to realize is that the main bone of contention was the perception that the consumption pattern of over 90% of Sri Lankans was being determined by the religious leaders of a minority group. If the ACJU had addressed this issue at the very beginning by stopping the Halaal Certification process completely, all the subsequent events that followed could have been avoided.

The abaya issue : Once again we have to ask ourselves whether we are not seeing the woods for the trees. Is it the abaya per se or is it the alack abaya that is a matter of concern to the Buddhists. Is the dramatic increase in the number of black abaya ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬”…” clad females creating a sense of unease among the other communities that there is a commensurate rise in Islamic Extremism in Sri Lanka ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬”…” specially since the black abaya is strongly associated with fundamentalist brands of Islam often referred to as ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ”¹…”SaudiƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢, ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ”¹…”SalafiƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢ or ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ”¹…”WahabismƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢ by the mainstream media. A very simple method of overcoming this issue would be for our Muslim females to popularize the wearing of non- black abayas.

What we should realize is that the above concerns together with others such as the ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ”¹…”azan issueƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢ and the ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ”¹…”Construction of Mosques IssueƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢ are perceived by our Buddhist compatriots as being promoted by Muslim extremists and creates the fear that Sri Lanka is gradually undergoing a process of ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ”¹…”IslamificationƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢. This sense of apprehension is sharpened further by the irrational fear that the Muslim population will outnumber the Buddhists in the not-so-distant future. Street name-boards emerging in Kattankudy with Arabic letters only worsens the situation for the Muslims of Sri Lanka.

The Muslim Community has to take the steps necessary to negate and neutralize the concerns of the Buddhists before it becomes a serious issue like the Halaal problem. We need to voluntarily :

[1] Stop the issuing of Halaal certificates & logo
[2] Encourage the use of Non-Black Abayas
[3] Cease completely the use of external Loudspeakers for Azan (Why continue with this practice which causes Non-Muslims to curse Islam 5 times a day ? In this time and age, would it be difficult for any pious Muslim to be aware of the times of prayer ?)
[4] Ensure that all future construction of Mosques adhere strictly to the existing rules and regulations and avoid completely the practice of surreptitiously building Mosques by establishing first a Madrasa at that location.

The extremists among us are going to resist any move on the part of the more secular Muslims to address the concerns of the Buddhists. However, we should bear in mind that the future of our children and their children depends on what we do now to ensure that the members of our Community do not have to experience any physical pain or mental trauma for being a Muslim in Sri Lanka.

Taking the above (and other related ) steps voluntarily will only help our Community to be perceived as being sensitive to the concerns and apprehensions of the majority mommunity and moreover will empower the non-racist Sinhalese to speak-up on behalf of the Muslims if required.

Prof. G.L. Peiris gets wide coverage in Indian media:BOYCOTT DOESNƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢T STOP PSC

August 20th, 2013

The Daily News

* Detained Indian fishermen will have to face judicial process

* Kachchathivu, a done deal

External Affairs Minister Prof G.L Peiris meeting Indian External Affairs Minister Salman Khurshid in New Delhi

External Affairs Minister Prof. G.L.Peiris stated that a Parliamentary Select Committee (PSC) would be making recommendations on the future of the 13th Amendment to the Constitution and criticised the Tamil National Alliance (TNA) and other parties for refusing to participate in the PSC deliberations, according to the Hindustan Times and The Hindu.

The minister was addressing a media conference at the official residence of Sri LankaƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s High Commissioner in New Delhi.

Addressing issues relating to fishermen, Prof. Peiris stated that Sri Lanka ruled out early repatriation of over 100 Tamil Nadu fishermen arrested recently for allegedly crossing into Sri Lankan territorial waters.

Some have been in custody for over two months, and they would have to face the judicial process though the intention is not to deprive them of their liberty for long, The Hindu quoted Prof. Peiris as saying

According to articles published in the Indian Express and the Hindustan Times, the minister had stated that the ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ”¹…”arrest of Indian fishermen by the Sri Lanka Navy was a sensitive issue in Tamil Nadu.ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢

However, he claimed undeterred fishing in Sri Lankan waters by Indian fishermen was hurting the livelihood of the native fishermen.

Prof. Peiris also said Sri Lanka is expecting India to participate in the CHOGM scheduled to be held in November ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ…-at the highest levelƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ while indicating that this was matter of immense importance to the country.

This was the first time in 25 years that the summit would be held in Asia. ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ…-India is the largest country of the Commonwealth, in terms of population. So Indian participation is important,ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ he said.

Commenting on the Northern Provincial Council elections being held on September 21 to the Indian media, Prof. Peiris mentioned that there was a vigorous election campaign underway with 350 candidates from nine political parties contesting and assured that the elections would be conducted in ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ…-a free and fair manner.ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬

On the conduct of the elections and whether the TNA will be allowed to form a government if they do win, the Times of India reports that Minister Peiris dismissed these concerns saying that his government had invited international observers including the chief electioncommissioner of India to oversee the elections, and stated that, ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ…-Of course they will be allowed to form a government.ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬

The minister was very critical of what he called attempts by the Tamil diaspora to ensure Sri LankaƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s economic isolation, adding that, ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ…-There is no chance of another war, so their methods have changed,ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ explaining that the ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ”¹…”campaignƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢ by overseas Tamils was intended to hurt tourism and investments into Sri Lanka.

On the issue of Kachchathivu, in news articles carried in The Hindu, Indian Express and the Asian Age, reopening of the 30-year-old pact which settled the maritime boundary was ruled out by Prof. Peiris, who said that it was a done deal.

The External Affairs Minister had stated categorically that the matter was settled by the former Prime Ministers of both countries namely Indira Gandhi and Srimavo Bandranaike.

The Hindu also refers to comments made by Prof. Peiris that Sri Lanka is in compliance with its obligations in terms of the Indo-Lanka Accord which includes specific provisions on linguistic and cultural aspects. In this context he referred to Tamil language being given its due place.

- See more at:

Visiting Royals pay homage to Sri Dalada Maligawa

August 20th, 2013

By Janaka Alahapperuma

The visiting princesses of Japan and Thailand paid homage to Sri Dalada Maligawa (Temple of the Tooth) in Kandy this afternoon (20) on Nikini Full Moon Poya Day.
Princess Tsuguko of Takamado of the Japanese Royal Family andƒÆ’-¡ the Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn of Thailand met President Mahinda Rajapaksa prior to their visit to the Maligawa. Two separate meetings took place at the President’s House in Kandy. Just after the discussions the President and the First Lady Shiranthi Rajapaksa accompanied two Royals separately to pay homage to the most venerated temple in the Buddhist world. The two Royals were warmly welcomed by the Diyawadana Nilame of the Sri Dalada Maligawa Nilanga Dela.
Princess Tsuguko of Takamado and Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn will have the opportunity to attend the final Randoli Perahera of the Sri Dalada Esala Maha Perahera tonight. The President will host two separate banquets at the President’s House in Kandy in the honour of two Royals Princesses.
Thai Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn arrived in Sri Lanka Monday on a four-day visit at the invitation of Sri Lankan President Mahinda Rajapaksa. Her visit comes at a historic time when the two countries are celebrating the 260th anniversary of the establishment of the Siam Maha Nikaya in Sri Lanka, the Bureau of the Thai Royal Household said.
During her visit to the island, Princess Sirindhorn will visit several religious, historical and cultural importance sites around the country. She is scheduled to visit the National Museum while she will also visit sites in Polonnaruwa, Anuradhapura, Sigiriya, Peradeniya Botanical garden and Nuwara Eliya areas.
Meanwhile, Japanese Princess Tsuguko of Takamado is also arrived in the island on Monday for a four-day visit at the invitation of the President. During her stay in the island Princess Tsuguko will visit several religious places including the Sri Maha Bodhi at Anuradhapura.
Pictures are seen here Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn of Thailand and Japanese Princess Tsuguko of Takamado respectively at the Temple of the Tooth today on Nikini Full Moon Poya Day.

No Animal Rights Law in Sri Lanka

August 20th, 2013

Excerpt from The Daily Mirror, Sri Lanka / 13 April 2011

With the cruelty towards animals increasing in leaps and bounds, the outraged cry of animal rights activists are to be heard, condemning acts of cruelty and demanding that the ill-used law be brought forth and action be taken. ƒÆ’-¡ Many suggestions and requests have been made with petitions now being signed to ban the slaughter of animals, but the government is yet to make a move towards updating laws activists say have been enacted during the British rule that are now redundant.

Laws and the changes that need to take place

ƒÆ’-¡ Animal rights activists say that not only does the existing law need to be changed to bring together all acts dealing with cruelty under one such law, but that the existing laws of the country need to be fully explored. With many not knowing the law while others simply not following it, there have been a rising cry of outrage from animal activists alleging that more need to be done for these gentle beings who suffer in silence. The Sri Lanka Animal Rights Protection Association (SLAPA) said though there have been amendments to the laws of the country dealing with cruelty towards animals, they were those put in place during the British rule. The recent amendments to the act they say have been done with much difficulty with continuous lobbying by activists.

“According to the amendments in the new law, cattle that have been confiscated during illegal transportation can now be given to animal care organizations and they could be used for agricultural purposes,” said SLAPA, Lorraine Bibile. She explains that previously any of the cattle confiscated in such a manner was handed over to the owner once legal proceedings had ended making such laws on animal protection redundant.

“Apart from this, we find that most people do not know the laws when it comes to animal cruelty or they simply do not follow it and laugh the matter off,” she said. Ms. Bible explained that many did not go to the police station to complain of cruelty towards animals as they were laughed at, therefore the Association made it a point to arm animal lovers with a copy of the law when making a complaint to the police. Prominent Environmentalist, Jagath Gunawardane on the other hand said that though the law in the country needed to be changed, the existing law should be fully exploited and fines increased. “The laws that we have now mostly relate to cattle and I think that all laws for animals should brought together under one umbrella where all animals are given the same rights,” he said. Mr. Gunawardane held animal rights groups responsible for the lack of usage of the laws.

“Unlike in the protection of wildlife, there is a clear consensus among the society that cruelty towards animals is wrong, therefore they only have to enforce it,” Mr. Gunawardane stated. He explained that many activists often had no clear cut strategy or action plan, thus leaving environmentalist the unavoidable task of assisting those who do not have any idea of the legal background. Mr. Gunawardane said that a network had to be built within the society to enable interested parties to contact activists and that action, whether it is legal or not should be taken at the proper time. “The new act that has not been taken up in parliament as yet, goes into more details about cruelty, the fines as well as more information on the confiscations and punishments given,” he said.

Animal rights activist and President of Sathva Mithra, Sagarica Rajakaruna said there was a need for a special authority that would look into the rights of animals as the police, under whose purview this came did not have the time or the necessary man power to do so. “Things such as animal rights have not become a main issue with the politicians as people do not raise it to become a major issue during elections as something that needs to be addressed,” she said. Other activists such as Narendra Gunathilake agreed that all existing laws for animal cruelty should be brought together as one. “There are many contradictions in the laws with a lot of loop holes that need to be covered,” he said. Mr. Gunathilake pointed out the definitions in some acts as an example. “In one act the word cow means just the cow but in another it also includes animals such as the pig and the goat as well,” he explained.

The controversy that was

ƒÆ’-¡ Munneshwaram Kovil – Activist, Narendra Gunathilake explained they were afraid the number of animal sacrificed would have increased in comparison to the previous year as the war had just ended.

“We understand that as law abiding citizens that we cannot take the law into our hands, which is why we made a formal complaint to the police,” he said. Mr. Gunathilake explained they were sure there were no valid permits for the animals or permits saying they were suitable for consumption.

He explained that even though, the slaughter at Munneshwaram was a tradition that had been there for years, tradition was not above the law as everyone should follow the laws laid out by the state when slaughtering an animal.

“Our final aim to stop the slaughter of animals but we know that this is not a possibility unless there are discussions between communities, a dialogue among all religions and a decision and compromise is arrived upon,” he said.

Mr. Gunathilake stated there was a need for the change in the law as the fine for the illegal transportation of cattle was just Rs. 100 according to the laws set out in 1893, which when put into the modern context was a ridiculous sum.

SLAPA explains that many of the cruelties towards animals take place due to ignorance, where people do not understand or know how animals are to be treated. “When we talk to most people they think that tying up a dog or keeping it in a kennel all the time is what you need to do but they do not understand that they too are beings that need to move around and not be kept walled up in one place,” said Ms. Ratnayake.

Environmentalist Jagath Gunawardane on the other hand said that he does not see ignorance but deliberate cruelty to animals the most. “There are types of fish that we import, that can consume only a particular type of sea weed, but once these fish are caught and exported, they die of starvation as they do not have proper food,” he said.

He explained that when animals are tied up and not given the food to eat it is deliberate cruelty rather than ignorance that prompts the action.

Correcting false ideologies connected to milk bacteria

August 20th, 2013

By, Dr. Nishan Wijesinha (Specialist Consultant) MIS Services 107, St AnthonyƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s Road, Colombo 3.

There is an alarming sound around the Nation of the health dangers of milk bacteria. I am writing this article to correct false ideologies and bring the reader, the Ministry of Health and the producers to the correct whereabouts of milk production, which will aid all in building a healthier Nation. Fist of all let me begin with pasteurization. Pasteurization is the process of heating milk and then rapidly cooling it to eliminate bacteria and its lengthened shelf life. Powdered milk undergoes dehydration to create a product suitable for easily mixing with liquid. Pasteurization of milk completely removes beneficial bacteria from raw milk. The process also weakens protein chains in milk and diminishes vitamins and minerals. The pasteurization process completely eliminates vitamin C and water soluble vitamins from milk. The lactic acid fermentation bacteria present in powdered milk is helpful to the human body because it inhibits the growth of harmful bacteria and aids in digestion. This allows the body to absorb more nutrients. Full cream and purely 2% fat milk powder which is not adulterated with fat soluble vitamins and plant fat is completely safe for consumption.

The Changing Face of Islam in Sri Lanka

August 19th, 2013

ƒÆ’-¡ Kumar Moses

ƒÆ’-¡ The world is fast changing. Wherever you live, you cannot escape news bombardment of violence by Muslims around the world. Not all Muslims are terrorists and not all terrorists are Muslims. However, there is a growing link between the spread of Islam and the spread of extreme violence. The Sri Lankan context has enough examples of the changing face of Islam.

Islam was introduced to Silandiv (Sinhala Island or Serendib in Arabic) in the 10th century by South Indian migrants who illegally settled along the western coast of the island nation. They never confronted the locals and conformed to local traditions and Buddhist identity retaining only the religious aspect of Islamic teachings. Arabic traders and travelers also contributed to the community but as traders and travelers, they moved on without settling in the island. In 1505 with the arrival of the Portuguese, Muslims faced the threat of extermination. Portugal and Spain were following the papal bull called Exigit Sincere Devotionis issued on November 1, 1478 which came to be known as the Spanish Inquisition. Spanish Inquisition saw to it that no Muslim survived in Spain and Portugal. Naturally the Portuguese extended it to their territories which included coastal areas of Sri Lanka where the Muslims lived. The hinterland was still under the control of Sinhalese kings. Out of an extraordinary act of generosity, Sinhalese king Senarath saved Muslims from sure death in the hands of the Portuguese and moved them to the safety of his kingdom. They were settled in modern Ampara District.

Reasons for changing face of Islam ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬”…” the theory of Peter Hammond

However, with the humongous population growth of Muslims in Sri Lanka, things began to change, for the worse. In place of a conforming and docile group of peaceful people, a gradually violence-driven community emerged. This changeover is well documented in a theory popularized by Peter Hammond in his book ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ…-Slavery, Terrorism and Islam: The Historical RootsƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬. It clearly and scientifically identifies the various stages of behavioral traits of the Muslim community in respect to their population percentage in a country.

ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ…-When Muslim population remains around 1% of any given country they will be regarded as a peace-loving minority and not as a threat to anyone (Peter Hammond).ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ This was the state of affairs in Sri Lanka by the 16th century. Muslims were so very few in number that they had to protected from the marauding Portuguese killers. King Senerath saw no danger from them.

Since then it gradually increased supported by illegal migration.

ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ…-At 2% and 3% they begin to proselytize from other ethnic minorities and disaffected groups with major recruiting from the jails and among street gangs (Peter Hammond).ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ In Sri Lanka this phase was marked by the role they played against the locals as hired army personnel of the British colonial army. Further illegal migration bolstered Muslim numbers bringing it into the 5% to 10% bracket.

ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ…-From 5% on they exercise an inordinate influence in proportion to their percentage of the population.ƒÆ’-¡  They will push for the introduction of halal (clean by Islamic standards) food, thereby securing food preparation jobs for Muslims. They will increase pressure on supermarket chains to feature it on their shelves — along with threats for failure to comply. At this point, they will work to get the ruling government to allow them to rule themselves under Sharia, the Islamic Law (Peter Hammond).ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬

This is exactly what Sri Lanka went through during the phase when Muslims were less than 10% of the population. Sri Lanka Muslim Congress demanded power devolution and they have succeeded in having a Muslim majority Eastern Provincial Council, limited legal status for Sharia Law, polygamy, halal, thousands of Muslim only schools/universities, villages by the names Saddam Hussein and Muammar Kaddafi, enforcement of dress code in parts of the Eastern Province and controlling ownership of chicken, goat and beef meat retail and wholesale industries.

Sri LankaƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s Muslim population percentage was 9.71% in 2011 and it is now at the verge of reaching and exceeding 10%.

ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ…-When Muslims reach 10% of the population, they will increase lawlessness as a means of complaint about their conditions. Any non-Muslim action that offends Islam will result in uprisings and threats (Peter Hammond).ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬

The recent aggressive conduct of the Muslim community can be attributed to the fact that they are reaching 10% of the population. Soon they will be racing towards 20%. More and more violent acts, blaming others, controlling the economy and misusing political power to promote the sect will be seen.

The problem is massive population growth rate of Muslims compared to others that has threatened the ethnic and religious balance in the island nation. This problem needs a resolution.

Reasons for changing face of Islam ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬”…” South Asia becoming the largest Islamic region in the world

Close to half of worldƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s Muslims live in South Asia. This makes South Asia worldƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s largest Muslim concentrated area. South Asia has more Muslims than the entire Middle East, entire South East Asia, entire Africa, entire Central Asia, entire Europe and entire Americas (north and south). More than 60% of all Muslim terrorist groups are headquartered in South Asia today. The defeat of coalition troops in Afghanistan which is no longer a secret has further emboldened the Muslims. With these factors comes increasing power that is gripping the region.ƒÆ’-¡ 

As a South Asian country, Sri Lanka cannot escape from this situation. Signs of this radical changeover are everywhere in South Asia.

Wikileaks released documents detailing US identification of the rising Islamic threat in the island. (

Further evidence include the sheer number of illegal hate spewing radio stations hunted down by the police in the last couple of years. They include Beruwala FM, Kalmunai FM, New Moon FM, Puttlam FM, etc. Recent arrests were not reported not because these have ceased, but because politicians have prevented further arrests.

Peaceful solutions needed

There is a problem related to Muslim population growth as big as the elephant in the room. As can be seen from Peter HammondƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s compelling theory, the problem is Muslim population growth rate. This is what must be fixed as a matter of priority.

Violence must not be used as a means of resolving matters. Peaceful means must be exhausted in finding an amicable solution which includes birth control of Muslims whose population growth rate has been astronomical by any standard, education including reproductive health education, restriction of Saudi Arabic funded religious activities, stopping the proliferation of mosques and prayer houses and the implementation of one law for all.

There are nations, most notably Japan, that have managed to maintain peace despite the world plunging into chaos.

If Tamils can live in the South why canƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢t Sinhalese live in the North?

August 19th, 2013

Shenali D Waduge

The very organizations and individuals ever ready to pull out the red card of international human rights and laws have been chanting the chorus of a ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ…-sinhalizationƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ of ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ…-historical Tamil areasƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ totally ignoring that it is the right of any citizen to live within the territory of the State in addition to the inability to even prove of anything called a ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ…-historical homelandƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬. With more Tamils living outside a fictitious ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ…-HomelandƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ and amongst the Sinhalese further nullifying claims of discrimination the Sri Lankan Authorities should not allow political pressures to deny the right of every citizen to live where they like while also delaying resettling all Sinhalese and Muslims who had been chased out by LTTE and the families of those who had been ethnically cleansed in the North. If the Tamils can live with the Sinhalese in the South why canƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢t Sinhalese live with Tamils in the North of Sri Lanka and if Navi Pillai is bringing up this item on her agenda this question needs to be posed directly to her to answer.

What do those professing the theory of ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ…-SinhalizationƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ of the North have to say about the

ƒÆ’-¡·ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡  RIGHT TO FREEDOM OF MOVEMENT enshrined in Article 13 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights?

ƒÆ’-¡·ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡  RIGHT TO RESIDENCE enshrined in Article 12 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights which reads ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ…-everyone lawfully within the territory of a State shall, within that territory, have the right to liberty of movement and freedom to choose his residenceƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬

ƒÆ’-¡·ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡  RIGHT TO FREEDOM OF MOVEMENT under the Sri Lankan Constitution (Chapter 3- Fundamental Rights) (h) the freedom of movement and of choosing his residence within Sri Lanka.

The Tamils are exercising their right to freedom of movement and residence, if so why are the majority Sinhalese that comprise 14.8million of a 20million population being denied this right? Why have the Sinhalese been chased out of their homes in the North and why are they not been allowed to resettle while other Sinhalese who now wish to start life in the North are also being denied their Constitutional right? What right does a party like the TNA sitting in Parliament thanks to the LTTE have to make objections to any citizen of Sri Lanka wanting to own land, run business and live in the North? Who gave them any right to declare the North as their own even if they have managed to put a retired Supreme Court judge to making the eviction calls?

Many of the Sinhalese living in the North were removed from their original dwellings during the 2002 Cease Fire Agreement for which the UNP Government and the present Foreign Minister must be held accountable.

Many of these Sinhalese families have deeds to prove their land ownership but it appears malpractices taking place are purposely attempting to deny them their right to live in the North. Even without the deed it is a right of every citizen to live wherever they like in the territory of Sri Lanka. Therefore it is not just a question of resettling Sinhalese (who speak Tamil having lived there for decades) and Muslims displaced ever since the outbreak of terror and defacto rule of LTTE but it is for the Government to make a public ruling that EVERY CITIZEN IS ENTITLED TO LIVE WHERE THEY LIKE and no one can object to it. While resettling the 165,000 Sinhalese evicted from the North and East as well as the Muslims, the Sri Lankan Government must put its foot down and say that TNA, Western Governments, Tamil Diaspora, India, Tamil Nadu, its Chief Minister or humanitarian agencies have no right to use slogans of ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ…-sinhalizationƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ to put pressure on the Sri Lankan Government to not allow Sinhalese or Muslims to settle in the North.

Politics and political decisions cannot be determined on submission of myths just as foreign nations and international organizations cannot put pressures upon a legitimate government based on those unsubstantiated myths. Moreso, the Tamils finds the origins of its culture continuing unabated across the Palk Straits in Tamil Nadu. It is in Tamil Nadu that the Tamil ethnic cultural originates and where the real Tamil Homeland is found, why is it that the parties claiming to help Tamils find their original homeland do not look where it is already running as a state, Tamil is official language and where virtually all are Tamils.

The myths have gained false credibility in the light of Sri Lankan Tamil political parties, some Tamil intellectuals putting their qualifications on line to falsify history and media ever ready to publish anything for money.

Some of the lies are obvious:

ƒÆ’-¡·ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡  Why has the number of Tamils leaving the North to settle amongst the Sinhalese in the South throughout LTTE reign increased if we are to accept the notion of ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ…-ethnic discrimination by Sinhalese against the much publicized version that LTTE was the savior of Tamils?ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’-¡  – statistical evidence can prove this.

ƒÆ’-¡·ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡  It is also proved by the fact that the Tamil politicians themselves live amongst the Sinhalese and not amongst their own people especially during the LTTE reign where TNA claimed LTTE was the sole representative of the Tamil people.

ƒÆ’-¡·ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡  This is also proved by the increase in Tamil businesses, land ownership by Tamils, increase in Tamil schoolgoing children and number of Tamils in employment in Sinhalese majority areas.

ƒÆ’-¡·ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡  In contrast, while the elite Tamils nicely made their way out of the North the ordinary people who were left behind became the guinea pigs of the LTTE to be used as suicide bombers, combatants, child soldiers, civilian messengers and to serve in LTTEƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s administration and other logistics units.

No Tamil Nation in Sri Lanka ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬”…” Tamil Nation is in India

ƒÆ’-¡·ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡  There is and was NO Tamil nation in Sri Lanka ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬”…” that Tamil nation exists in Tamil Nadu where Kaweri valley is the center of Tamil civilization. Sri LankaƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s North or East were never a center of Tamil civilization.ƒÆ’-¡ 

ƒÆ’-¡·ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡  To define an area as a homeland there has to be a distinct civilization emerging from that region, a politically autonomous entity has to exist over a length of time, a long continued habitation of the same people, concept of homeland must prevail in the minds of the people, the cultural landscape must reflect the culture of the people with credible evidence ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬”…” none of these criterions can be proved in the North or East of Sri Lanka except perhaps the last but Tamil Nadu meets all these criteria for aƒÆ’-¡  Tamil Homeland and given that 65million of the worldƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s 72million Tamils already live in Tamil Nadu it is the Homeland of the Tamils.

No independent Tamil Kingdom in Sri Lanka or Traditional Tamil Homeland in North or East

ƒÆ’-¡·ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡  If such a kingdom existed on its own where is evidence of such when in comparison to Sinhalese-Buddhist hydraulic civilization binding these two provinces?

ƒÆ’-¡·ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡  The British demarcated provinces based on easy access to coast, administrative convenience and cartographic convenience. The British did not demarcate provinces based on any Tamil Homeland! If so there should be separate agreements/treaties signed between the colonials and Tamils.

ƒÆ’-¡·ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡  While no distinctive Tamil civilization existed in Sri Lanka the Sinhala Buddhist civilization spread throughout the island and never was the North and East ONLY inhabited by Tamils.

ƒÆ’-¡·ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡  Toponymy (place names) indicate that original Sinhalese names have been translated to Tamil (not the other way round). Refer Prof. Chandre Dharmawardana – The Government of Sri Lanka must ensure that these original names continue to prevail.

ƒÆ’-¡·ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡  Records of Portuguese, Dutch and English amply proves that the North and East were under the Sinhalese Kings.

Tamils were not the original inhabitants of Sri Lanka to claim inheritance

ƒÆ’-¡·ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡  While Tamils accept the existence of the tribes Yaksha, Naga and Deva they also claim to be original inhabitants of Sri Lanka but are at a loss when asked to prove their historical continuity with archeological, documentary or even oral-tradition evidence.

ƒÆ’-¡·ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡  However there are over 600 ancient Buddhist shrines all over the North and East provinces (most of these evidences have been destroyed by TULF and LTTE). People continue to worship sacred Buddhist places in North ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬”…” Nagadipa, Seruwila, Dighawapi, numerous stone inscriptions of Sinhalese-Buddhist kings are found in the 2 provinces.

ƒÆ’-¡·ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡  Tamils did arrive when South Indians invaded Sri Lanka ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬”…” which makes them invading immigrants. Tamil settlements started only in the 12th century ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬”…” but there was no distinct Tamil-Hindu civilization different to that of Tamil Nadu. The Sinhalese have however formed a distinct language-culture-civilization which does not exist anywhere else in the world.

Tamils have Freedom of Movement but Sinhalese do not

ƒÆ’-¡·ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡  Tamils were always moving throughout the country even at the height of LTTE terror but the Sinhalese could not

Tamils have political freedom proved by

ƒÆ’-¡·ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡  Registration of Tamil political parties

ƒÆ’-¡·ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡  Tamil political parties contesting elections

ƒÆ’-¡·ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡  Tamil political parties in Sri LankaƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s Parliament/Tamil MPs/Tamils in Cabinet/Tamil Deputy Ministers/Tamil Provincial Councilors/Tamils in local government bodies

ƒÆ’-¡·ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡  Tamils voting throughout the country

ƒÆ’-¡·ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡  Thus there are no Sinhalese Governments proved by minorities holding Government portfolios.

ƒÆ’-¡·ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡  Both the 2 main political parties in Sri Lanka are multi-ethnic parties whereas Tamils and Muslims have mono-ethnic political parties. The 2 multi-ethnic parties have even nominated minorities for electorates where Sinhalese Buddhists are majorities.

ƒÆ’-¡·ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡  Sinhalese have grievances is proved by the appointment of a Sinhala Commission to look into the grievances of the Sinhalese.

ƒÆ’-¡·ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡  No Government has supported the Sinhalese, promoted or protected Buddhism, the Sinhalese language or the Sinhalese culture since post-independence. This is proved by the fact that Sinhalese are economically below minorities, traditional Buddhist sites are not protected or given exclusivity and minorities would not be allowed to bargain with Sinhala Buddhist ethos ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬”…” in France, the majority are called French so why is Sri Lanka not referred to as Sinhaladesa

Have we forgotten the Sinhalese who lost their lands/lost their lives?

ƒÆ’-¡·ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡  Did the Accelerated Mahaweli Development project not result in over 200,000 Sinhalese losing the ancestral lands in the prosperous valleys of Teldeniya and Kotmale Oya and were settled in System C and B of Mahawelia?

ƒÆ’-¡·ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡  Did the British after the Uva Rebellion in mid 1800s selectively kill Sinhalese in the central highlands and converted them to plantations and settled Tamils brought from India as slave labors?

ƒÆ’-¡·ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡  While Tamils live in Sinhalese areas no Sinhalese or Muslims were allowed to live in LTTE controlled areas.

ƒÆ’-¡·ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡  Over 400 Buddhist monks had been killed by LTTE terrorists.

ƒÆ’-¡·ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡  Over 300 Sinhalese babies were killed in their villagers by LTTE terrorists

It must also be reiterated that contrary to the discrimination that is being used as a punchline in practice it is quite the contrary.

Sinhalese, Tamils and Muslims go to the same restaurants, travel in the same buses, use the same public utilities and live and work amongst each other.ƒÆ’-¡  However both Tamils and Muslims demand separate schools, separate mediums in schools and universities, no sooner an area becomes populated with more Tamils or Muslims the area is turned into an exclusive area where only their Kovils/Mosques, eating places etc must prevail. How just is this if they claim to be integrating with communities and desiring peaceful co-existence?

The lies being promoted are many : from a mythical homeland, to being treated as second class citizens, Sinhala extremism and intolerance, discrimination. oppression under ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ…-SinhaleseƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ governments, ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ…-SinhaleseƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ army occupying ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ…-Tamil HomelandƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ are all stories being used to facilitate the goal of creating a separate state.

But it is ridiculous to claim a separate state when 2/3 of the Tamils live outside of their supposed ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ…-Tamil HomelandƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬. BUT, we do empathize that with 72million world Tamils it is unfair that they do not have a State of their own while the 14.8million Sinhalese have a state but cannot call it a Sinhalese state because it is not politically correct! Nevertheless, it is upto India given that India became India after the British put territories and boundaries together to form it and therefore Tamil Nadu has every right to demand to separate and Sri Lankan Tamils should go there where they would be happier than feeling like ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ…-second classƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ citizens. If they are unhappy in Sri Lanka (but happier to be amongst the Sinhalese rather than live in the North) it is best that they go to a place where they are happier.

Sinhalese Buddhists need to be proud of their culture, heritage and civilization

ƒÆ’-¡·ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡  Ancient sites under excavation at Pattherajawala dates back 120,000 years

ƒÆ’-¡·ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡  The Pahiyangala rock findings date back 35,000 years where the people dug 35feet in stone where food was stored (depicting agriculture existed) even housing prevailed 30,000 years ago yangala_caves.html

ƒÆ’-¡·ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡  Evidence of agriculture dating 17,000 back as well as production of barley and wheat dating 12,000 BC found in Maha Eliya (Horton Plains) ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬”…” the same was found in Sumer Iraq around 6000BC only.

ƒÆ’-¡·ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡  Concept of Medicine initiated over 10,000 years ago ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬”…” Rawana had written 7 medical books which continue to be published in India. He found 444 diseases and said that eating beef made a person vulnerable to 93 diseases.

ƒÆ’-¡·ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡  First hospitals (Mihintale, Medegiriya)

ƒÆ’-¡·ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡  Use of mircolith technology used 35,000 years ago is in par with South Africa while the Indian subcontinent was 15,000 and Europe 12,000

ƒÆ’-¡·ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡  American and Swiss archaeologists confirm that acupuncture was founded in Ceylon 34,000 years ago

ƒÆ’-¡·ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡  Necklaces and earrings dating 30,000 years back have been found in the Central province

ƒÆ’-¡·ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡  First and only ancient people to use wind power technology (to produce non-rusting steel) by 1500BC and exported. The technology was investigated by Jill Juleff and sites can be seen in Samanalawewa. Development of a new technique called wootz steel as far back as 300BC. The ancient steel swords made in Lanka found in the Bangalore National Museum even after 3500 years have not rusted!

ƒÆ’-¡·ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡  Use of pump as early as 300BC ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬”…” to water the Jasmine flowers on the Maha Stupa but the West has attributed that invention to the Greeks in 100BC, shows how Eastern inventions are purposely being shunned.

ƒÆ’-¡·ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡  First use of hydro technology ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬”…” invention of valve pit (Bisokotuwa), spray jets and spa centers in Ranmasu Uyana before the Romans

ƒÆ’-¡·ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡  In 1st AD the Roman tax collector Annius Piocamus was stranded at sea and was rescued by Sinhalese ships and thereafter the Sinhalese king sent a mission to Rome (Vol VI Pliny the Elder) reveals that the Romans had never seen ships as big as the Sinhala ships (also confirmed by Chinese records)

ƒÆ’-¡·ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡  The Great Jetawana Dagaba built by King Mahasen in 4th century was described by the Romans as the 3rd wonder of the world (400ft high ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬”…” 3rd largest monument of the ancient world and biggest brick monument of the ancient world)

ƒÆ’-¡·ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡  Dr. Hawkeys of Arizona State University claims dental traits of Indus Valley People match the Austro-Asiatic tribes of North East India (Naga) and the Sinhala of Lanka. The DNA from both have been found on Egyptians and ancient Nubians (Ethiopia) Her findings are supported by Cornell University that the first anatomically modern humans in South Asia are from Sri Lanka (this opposes the Out of Africa theory) which can be contested with the discovery of the 35,000 year old Balangoda Man whose traits are found in both the Veddahs and the Sinhela communities (Dr. Shiran Deraniyagala) This clearly puts to rest that SinhelaƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s trace their origins to arrival of King Vijaya and Sri LankaƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s Government needs to promptly change all school text books that are giving a distorted historical version to future generations of children.

These are just a handful of achievements by the Sinhalese which Sri Lankan Tamils cannot even match to prove a separate civilization existed to even justify a claim. In every aspect of life the ancient Sinhalese civilization has left remnants for us to put together how they lived. Moreover, there are no other civilization similar to the Sinhalese elsewhere in the world. Anyone visiting the recently concluded SHILPI exhibited at the BMICH would have found further evidence of why the Sinhalese refuses to give up their civilization, their culture and their heritage though a handful are willing to betray their ancestors for multicultural remunerations.

The importance of the Sinhalese civilization can best be described in the words of the Tamil philosopher Ananda Kumaraswamy who, while testifying at the Manning Commission under the British invaders in 1906, said ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ…-Take anything from this country. But please donƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢t corrupt or destroy that beautiful Sinhalese culture that survives in villages. Because someday when you, with your greedy and selfish policies, destroy this world both materially and spiritually, the answer to rebuild that ruined world can only be found in that beautiful Sinhalese philosophy.ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬

ƒÆ’-¡ For trying to protect for future generations the Sinhala civilization, the Sinhalese are branded as racists, chauvinists, warmongers and what not by those who have a history of nothing to be proud of. What the world should ideally do is to help the Sinhalese preserve its ancient civilization not attempt to destroy it.

Fodder For The Pillai Cannon Provided By A TNA – LTTE Link Awaits Her Visit.

August 19th, 2013

LankaWeb Weekly Editorial,ƒÆ’-¡ 

August 20th.2013

ƒÆ’-¡ Given the high handedness of this would be TNA candidate who seems to have thrown away all related protocols andƒÆ’-¡  has started yapping about what she intends to do with hardly a mandate for it, one Ananthi Sasitharan of the Tamil National Alliance (TNA)ƒÆ’-¡  and a candidate for the forthcoming Northern Provincial Council (NPC) polls, has had the nerve to describe the newly set up Presidential Commission to look into disappearances during the final stages of the war in 2009, as unreliable.

ƒÆ’-¡  And almostƒÆ’-¡ in apathetic ignorance she ƒÆ’-¡ has said that she would meet the visiting UN Human Rights Commissioner, Navaneetham Pillay. The most contentious thing about this is that Naveen Pillai carries a huge bias with her dubious leanings towards the Tamil Tiger sympatheticƒÆ’-¡ Diaspora urgings where she has in the past indicated this in no uncertain terms with her rhetoric, being a Tamil herselfƒÆ’-¡  a conclusion drawn by some analysts and hence the conflict of interest scenario applicable both to Ms.Sasitharan and herself seem to be painfully visible.

In the latter’s case being the wife of a Tamil Tiger whose organization comprised of terrorists in their failed bid to upend the Government of Sri Lanka the issue becomes more than contentious.And if he was part of the massive force of fleeingƒÆ’-¡ terrorists who hounded innocent civilians using them as a human shield where some of them were mowed down by the LTTEƒÆ’-¡ who in turn wereƒÆ’-¡ confronted by the armed forces that eventually protected the civilians while overwhelming the terrorists, there is no case for speculation about whether or not he surrendered as it is more than likely he was ƒÆ’-¡ part of the terrorist group that was overwhelmed.
Although Sasitharan says ƒÆ’-¡ she would explain to the UN Human Rights ChiefƒÆ’-¡  in detail, the surrender by civilians to the Security Forces at the final stage of the war in May 2009, and the subsequent disappearance of those civilians, including her husband, Elilan, who had been taken into custody by the security forces it seems unforeseeable that the authorities in Sri Lanka would agree to share consensus with such a situation as she neither has any mandate towards this legally nor can there be any credibility to her explanation where she cannot substantiate an eyewitness account for the simple reason that she was not present at the time nor does she have any tangible proof of her accusations beyond apparentƒÆ’-¡ lies and innuendo.
The civilians were in fact rescued and directed to camps until they were released.ƒÆ’-¡ This said on the basis that the Armed Forces carried outƒÆ’-¡  massive rescue operation to save civilians fleeing the wrath of the LTTE where it seems totally incorrect to accuse the Armed Forces of killing civilians as this culpability belongs solely to the LTTE with sufficient proof towards it.
The visiting UN Commissioner for Human Rights seems to have found a very convenient opportunity not only to carry out her role towards appeasing disgruntled Tamils but also to indulge her sympathies towards a cause as well as circumstance which in all probabilities she knows nothing about beyond speculation but it could elaborate her transparencies towards her direction as well as portray her as a Tamil Tiger sympathiser if she took advantage of the Sasitharan deposition which appears to consist of ill conceived and contentious sentimental pointingƒÆ’-¡  to the direction and inspiration of her bias which is not an acceptable means towards blaming the Armed Forces and Administration that acted within the Law although there were inevitable casualties.ƒÆ’-¡ These to a great extent it needs to be emphasizedƒÆ’-¡ were minimised through the manner in which the operations were conducted.ƒÆ’-¡ For this the Armed Forces need to be acolladed. And there are those within the tamil community willing to testify to this.

To be emboldened enough to make aƒÆ’-¡ statement thatƒÆ’-¡ “the Presidential Commission that was set up to ascertain the number of persons who hadƒÆ’-¡  disappeared during the final phase of the war, was meant to deceive the international community as well as the people of the North who had wanted justice.” appears to be based on desperation over her husband’s disappearance where many others have attempted the same ploy to mislead the international community.Perhaps she should try searchingƒÆ’-¡  for her husband’s whereabouts through evidence which points to ƒÆ’-¡ LTTE massacres of their own people as well as terror activists within their own rank and file although realistically this is not possible due to the obliteration of the Tamil Tigers in Sri Lanka.
And there are many army widows who are also looking for the whereabouts of their missing husbands whose role in reverse was for a legitimate and universally acceptedƒÆ’-¡ cause towards preserving the Sovereignity and Territorial integrity of Sri Lanka rather than criminalities which the terrorists indulged in for almost three decades.
Beyond this kind of cannon fodder generated by dissenters of this nature with related bias,ƒÆ’-¡ the UN High Commissioner will probably have no real findings to finger ponting at the Sri Lankan authorities who should nevertheless exercise caution about the areasƒÆ’-¡  of permissibility afforded to her if she contravenes the conditions under which she has been granted access towards her visit where her own personal sympathies as well as concocted sob stories might inspire her to misinform the world of what really transpired in Sri Lanka during the terrorist conflict where the key to accuracy would be tangible proof of which there is no likelihood of even a smidgen beyond conjecture.ƒÆ’-¡ 
That the Fodder for the Pillai cannon surely awaits through this TNA-LTTE link however seems a foregone conclusion based on this outburst by Ms.ƒÆ’-¡ Sasitharan which could also backfire on them both.

Stop vain slaughter of Animals to make sacrifices at Munneshwaram, and to celebrate Bakr-Eid.

August 19th, 2013

ƒÆ’-¡ By Charles.S.Perera

Not because ƒÆ’-¡ Sri Lanka is a Buddhist Country thatƒÆ’-¡  slaughter of animals as religious sacrifice should stop, but any where in the world killing of animals for religious purposes to satisfy a God or a deity is savage, and meaningless, and no God will be honoured to have animals being killed as a Sacrifice for him.

The God of the Bible wanted blood sacrifices and peace sacrifices andƒÆ’-¡  the people of Israel made these sacrifices at the Tabernacle and the Arc of God. Bible is full of such sacrifices carried out to satisfy the God . After 516BC the Jews made sacrifices only at the temple in Jerusalem.

Jews eventually evolved their religious practices, and built Synagogues the Centres ofƒÆ’-¡  Jewish teaching and later of worship.ƒÆ’-¡  After the destruction of the Temple in Jerusalem in AD ƒÆ’-¡ 70,ƒÆ’-¡  the Jewish ritual of sacrifices came to an end.ƒÆ’-¡  Their belief system evolved around the Synagogue and savage uncivilized animal sacrifice became history.


Of the three Abrahamic religionsƒÆ’-¡  Judaism, Christianity and Islam.ƒÆ’-¡  Jews and Christians have becomeƒÆ’-¡  civilized people and stopped making animal sacrifices to their God. It is still the followers of Islam that are savage and uncivilizedƒÆ’-¡  and continue to make animal sacrifices in celebrating their religious festivals such as Bakr Eid.


In India .. the All India Muslim Personal Law Board vice-president and Shia cleric Maulana Syed Kalbe Sadiq, in a statement said “It is my appeal to Muslims to completely restrain from sacrificing the cow on the Eid-ul-Azha. India is our country and we should respect the feeling of Hindu brethren who are in the majority.”

Will the Muslims in Sri Lanka listen to this wise manƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s appeal ?


Now in India apart from the Muslims, the Hindus as well make animal Sacrifices. In India it has taken a most savage turn.ƒÆ’-¡  Thousands of animals are being killed for religious rituals.ƒÆ’-¡  The absurdityƒÆ’-¡  of these sacrifices apart from their savage inhuman aspect is said to be theƒÆ’-¡  sacrifice of various animals of different sizes not so much as a religious ritual but as a show ofƒÆ’-¡  riches and social standing.

ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ…-As affluence in India rises, more and more larger animals such as bovines, camels and increasingly horses are slaughtered to show the ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ”¹…”statusƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ”¹…” of the person making the sacrifice. Slaughter was symbolic and never meant to be a status parade that it has become.ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬

ƒÆ’-¡ These slaughter of animal attracts large number ofƒÆ’-¡  devotees who bringƒÆ’-¡  their animals for slaughter, and it looses any sanctity when the slaughter becomes an amusement, ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ…-.. it isƒÆ’-¡ increasinglyƒÆ’-¡ common to see the ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ”¹…”spectacleƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢ of animals slaughtered publicly for the amusement of those witnessing the slaughter.ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬

Despite the laws prohibiting slaughter of animals in India, there are vast number of illegal ritual slaughters.

In Sri Lanka too there is such a savage slaughter of animals in Munneshwaran Kovil in Chilaw.ƒÆ’-¡  On the 25 August, 2010,ƒÆ’-¡  300 goats and 600 chicken had been slaughtered , this despite the Cruelty to Animals Ordinance.


There is a news item today that the Munneshwaran Kovil is now preparing for their annual ritual of animal slaughter. ƒÆ’-¡ It is therefore high time that the Government leaves aside its lackadaisical attitude and issue strong instructions to stop the slaughter of animals as sacrifices, warning those who incite killing and those who bring animals for sacrifice liable to be charged under the relevant laws.ƒÆ’-¡  The Government should not hesitate stop this most inhumane, uncivilised, and barbaric move on the grounds of hurting the sentiments of India, TamilsNadu or Tamils.

The Tamil terrorists slaughtered innocent men, women, and children for 30 long years until a determined President turned up to stop the savagery.ƒÆ’-¡  But why cannot this President, who defied the terrorists not stop the slaughter of innocent animals.

ƒÆ’-¡ There are those who bring in democracy to allow the slaughter of innocent animals on the ground that the people should have the freedom to worship according to their traditions.ƒÆ’-¡  But that should not be at the cost of the lives of innocent animals that cannot call out for help.


Sri Lanka has a Buddha Sasana Ministry, which has become absolutely useless, unable even to decide matters on which they should pass laws. There was a bill once presented to stopƒÆ’-¡  illegal conversion and to this day no one knows what has become of it.ƒÆ’-¡  In the mean time they are preparing to pass laws to prohibit publications defamatory of the major religions.ƒÆ’-¡  But more important issues are not touched because it fears antagonising the other religious faiths.

If that is how the Buddha Sasana Ministry functions it is better that the government scraps the Ministry altogether, saving a considerable sum of money as the Ministry actually serves no useful purpose.ƒÆ’-¡  If the Ministry is active it should not hesitate to ƒÆ’-¡ implement the Cruelty to Animal Ordinance, and stop the Munneshvaran Kovil from making itsƒÆ’-¡  intended slaughter of animals.ƒÆ’-¡  The Ministry should draw up legal documentsƒÆ’-¡  making it illegal to make animal sacrifices for religious or any other purpose.

There were human sacrifices in theƒÆ’-¡  Aztec and Mesoamerican civilisations.ƒÆ’-¡  But after the conquest of these countries by Spanish ConquistadorsƒÆ’-¡  these human sacrifices were stopped.


ƒÆ’-¡ In the present fear of the Government of Sri Lanka to ƒÆ’-¡ displease other countries and other religions ƒÆ’-¡ it is frightening to imagine ƒÆ’-¡ what the government of Sri Lanka would have done ifƒÆ’-¡  there is a ƒÆ’-¡ Community in Sri Lanka which makes humans sacrifices in the performance of their religious ceremonies.ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡  The Government may perhaps not intervene not to displease the religious sentiments of that Community !!!

The false religious ceremonies of Munneshvaran Temple should be stopped in the name of humanity whether it hurts religious sentiments of those ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ…-savageƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ devotees or the rich trustees of the Kovil.


In India there was Sati an ancient custom where the widow is burnt alive on the funeral pyre of the husband.ƒÆ’-¡  In 1987 India passed a law banning the practice of Sati.ƒÆ’-¡  But yet hey say there are reports of incidents of attempted Sati.ƒÆ’-¡  If it exists in Sri LankaƒÆ’-¡  what will the Government do ?ƒÆ’-¡  Will it shy away from banning such savagery or just close its eyes not wanting to hurt the religious sentiments of the devotees ?

These may sound absurd propositions, but is it not similar to what the government is doing in shying away from passing laws to stop slaughter of innocent animals as religious sacrifices ?

It is time that the Government takes a firm decision to stop the animal sacrifices by Muslims to celebrate Bakr Eid,ƒÆ’-¡  and stop animal slaughter by Munneshwaran KovilƒÆ’-¡  ƒÆ’-¡ now and for ever.

IfƒÆ’-¡  human sacrifice by AztecsƒÆ’-¡  had been stopped, the Jews have stopped blood sacrifices, and Christians do not make any sacrifice of animals either , ƒÆ’-¡ surely the Muslims could stop animal slaughter for their festivals, ƒÆ’-¡ and Munneshvaram Kovil can stop animal slaughter for Kali.

Who in Sri Lanka suffers from a Stockholm syndrome and unrequited post-colonial love?

August 18th, 2013

Shenali D Waduge

The Question is ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬”…” Are we proud of gaining independence, do we regret that we gained independence and most importantly are we working towards giving up our independence? It is in the backdrop of these questions that we cannot pretend that with or without CHOGM the British Government has been leading every rebuttal against Sri Lanka at every opportunity. The bewildering scene is that despite the darts that continuously point towards Sri Lanka, like a jilted lover refusing to accept reality there are some amongst us repeatedly going behind the colonials and to add insult to injury taking out all memorabilia and polishing them to put to humiliate the country further. Whilst some may suffer from the pathological ailment we define as the Stockholm syndrome for most of us Britain was our former colony, BritainƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s war crimes and ethnic cleansing in Sri Lanka are many ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬”…” it is not Queen Victoria who should be brought out when foreign delegates arrive for CHOGM but the very natives that Britain put to death for their crime of protecting their nation from foreign invaders. It is one thing to herald an international conference of foreign delegates but it is a crying shame if we are to thank and remember the arrival of foreign invaders who put our people to death.

So why and who wish to go worshipping the very people who subjected our people to torture and murder. It is one thing to take over nations and plunder its wealth but it is totally unacceptable to carry out a policy of extermination. The statue that had been gathering dust now being polished to be placed in front of Viharamadevi Park for the people of Sri Lanka to look at is meant to remind us of her greatness when anyone who knows history would be appalled at the very idea. Are we to look at Queen Victoria who ruled for 63 years (1837 to 1901) and as head of the State of England watched millions of people murdered as part of the British Government policy under the British Empire to which CHOGM is very much part of? Hitler became demonized by the entire world and his reign was just 5 years why is the world silent about colonial atrocities and not demanding compensation for these crimes. Before teaching us human rights Britain needs to come clean and accept accountability and thereafter compensate for its sins. There were no wars ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬”…” the British forcibly entered and took over nations and killed those who were unwilling to follow their orders or people who wanted to protect their country from foreign rule. How can the British talkingƒÆ’-¡  high and mighty find fault with that?

Who is advising that we revere colonialism taking the entire nation to an Alice in Wonderland environment when in reality we should be demanding compensation for the death and destruction that prevailed throughout colonial rule and in particular British rule? Are we to tell the present day children ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ…-Oh this is Queen VictoriaƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬¦ be proud that she was the monarch while her subjects massacred our people and plundered our nation when Sri Lanka was under British colonial rule for 133 years!ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬

More importantly are these bravados and tamashaƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s not likely to gag the Sri Lankan President for 2 years forcing him to adhere and apply all the western rules and regulations of human rights meant to target Third World nations?ƒÆ’-¡  Are these nations not part of a bigger plot using Western terminology and laws the very ingredients that will NOW attempt to carve out through pen what the LTTE could not achieve by gun?

Does the President normally an astute leader not foresee the dangers in store and are these calls of boycott not a smokescreen to force the Sri Lankan Government to sign on any dotted line to somehow hold the conference simply to save face because the enemies are anyway looking for any type of reason to ridicule Sri Lanka? What a soup Sri Lanka has landed itself in simply because a handful of people do not have their feet on the ground and because they are the very traitors that over years betrayed the nation and continue to suffer pathological tendencies not wanting to appreciate oneƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s roots but worship those of invading nations.

The Stockholm syndrome is a pathological and psychological phenomenon and we do not need to look far to find those guilty of suffering from a battered-person syndrome. But the tragedy is that the very Government that steered the military defeat of the LTTE and brought peace upon the nation is taking advice from those who sold us out through the ceasefire and now are seated running the foreign policy of the country. People who suffer from Stockholm syndrome should not be allowed to determine the policy of the nation especially because they are taking Sri Lanka away from our traditional friends ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬”…” the nations like Burma (Myanmar), Thailand, Vietnam countries that helped Sri Lanka in ancient times.

At the recently concluded Myanmar-Sri Lanka Friendship Association gathering the Deputy Minister of External Affairs did not mince words but showered gratitude upon Myanmar for helping Sri Lanka links that remain strong through ancient times. Yet, the foreign ministry in a country that is predominately Buddhist will not consider opening a Buddhists desk, ignores forming ties with Sri LankaƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s traditional friends, refuses to champion Buddhist causes except deliver matter of fact messages devoid of any sentiment for the sake of making one and has hardly shown any interest in the ongoing investigations to the Sri Maha Bodhi attack in India.

This showcases perfectly that so long as we are a nation ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ…-lostƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ between refusing to bind with our Sinhala Buddhist values that prevailed for hundreds and thousands of years but go after values that invading foreigners introduced we will not find our roots in anything. So long as we value what is not ours when we are a country with a rich culture, a rich civilization with its own legal systems and heritage we would continue to be living as Alice in Wonderland. Foreigners do not value us because we follow their cultures ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬”…” they look down upon us for doing so. That is not to say that everything foreign is not good ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬”…” but following everything ONLY foreign is not good and there lies the difference. We should be able to take what is good but not compromise what is good of our own culture and our own heritage ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬”…” it is upto us to safeguard and protect what our ancestors laid down their lives to save. This is why we should always shower gratitude to our armed forces for they laid down their lives to save the nation ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬”…” it was the hungry powerseeking politicians and elite that made merry with whatever opportunities they got and this is the same in every country in the world.

Given that David Cameron BritainƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s Prime Minister is attending CHOGM in Sri Lanka to teach Sri Lanka a lesson in human rights we would first request him to make an open apology to all those the British killed in Ceylon under British Monarchy Queen Victoria and compensate the families of those killed as well as compensate the country for plundering its wealth and reducing natives to penury ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬”…” is it a surprise we remain a Third World nation given that neo-colonial IMF and World Bank has taken over from where colonials departed?

That the President will adorn the title of head and host of CHOGM only reminds us how the British took advantage of the vanity of those willing to even give up oneƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s country for titles. Thus in colonial times India was called the ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ…-EmpressƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ and we know the manner Indian sepoys functioned and continue to function.

But the question is why have the advisors failed to foresee the ramifications and are these failures not part of the Stockholm syndrome that they are suffering from which questions as to why they are being paid by the taxpayer to continue to betray the nation? ƒÆ’-¡ 



Changing Face of Islam in Sri Lanka- A reply to Editor of Ceylon Today.

August 18th, 2013

By Charles.S.Perera

The Ceylon Today of the 17 August,2013 carried the Editorial, ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ…- Changing face of BuddhismƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬.ƒÆ’-¡  The Editor is an uninformed moron. The Buddhism has not changed its face forƒÆ’-¡  more than 2600 years.ƒÆ’-¡  It will remain the same for another 2600 years or more.ƒÆ’-¡  But what the editor tries toƒÆ’-¡  hide is the fact that it is ƒÆ’-¡ Islam in Sri Lanka that has changed its face from what it had been before.

The Editor of Ceylon Today says, ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ…-Not so long ago, when the religion was described as a cause for conflict, Buddhists begged to be different. Buddhist devotees pointed out that Buddhism was not a religion, but a philosophy.ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬

Buddhism is neither a religion nor a philosophy. Oxford Dictionary defines Religion as ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ…-one of the systems of faith that are based on the belief in the existence of a particular god or gods.ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’-¡  The Buddhism in that sense is not a religion.

The same Dictionary defines Philosophy as ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ…-the study of the nature and meaning of the universe and of human life ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬, and again as ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ…-a particular set or system of beliefs resulting from the search for knowledge about life and the universe.ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬.ƒÆ’-¡  That too does not define Buddhism.

Any one who wishes to criticise Buddhism takes the liberty to define Buddhism as it suits him without knowing ƒÆ’-¡ what exactly is Buddhism.ƒÆ’-¡  This is what the Editor of the Ceylon Today has done in writing his Editorial of the 17 August, 2013 on Changing Face of Buddhism.

The Editor says, ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ…-At the heart of the Buddhist teaching are benevolence and tolerance. No time in the history Buddhists resorted to violence toƒÆ’-¡  propagate the message of the Lord Buddha.ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ ƒÆ’-¡ 

Mr. Editor the Buddhist teachings by itself is benevolent and tolerant, but the heart of the teachings is more profound and sublime. Buddhism now needs no propagation as persons of intelligenceƒÆ’-¡  accept it willingly as a teaching without parallel.

The Editor continues that, ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ…- ƒÆ’-¡ It is in this historical context that the spiral of violence that we have witnessed recently is disturbing, and in fact, insulting towards the very message of Buddhism.ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’-¡ 

There is here ƒÆ’-¡ a distortion of facts when the Editor alludes toƒÆ’-¡  Buddhist teachings as violence which he had, ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ…- witnessed recently as an insult to the ƒÆ’-¡ message of the Buddha.ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬

The Editor states that, the ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ…-ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬¦.recent violence, such as the recent attack on a Muslim prayer centre in Grandpass and the cacophony of voices of religious ultra nationalism have nowƒÆ’-¡  called into question the authenticity of the very message of Buddhism.ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’-¡ 

In making that statementƒÆ’-¡  the Editor has come to aƒÆ’-¡  wrong conclusion. There are two aspects ofƒÆ’-¡  the situation the Editor is trying to deal with in his Editorial. One is the violence itself,ƒÆ’-¡  and the other the ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ…-insult to the ƒÆ’-¡ authenticity of the very message of BuddhismƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ .

Unfortunately the Editor of Ceylon Today has mixed up the two issues thereby ƒÆ’-¡ casting aspersions ƒÆ’-¡ on the great teachings of the Buddha.ƒÆ’-¡  What happened in Grandpass has no connection to the teachings of the Buddha.ƒÆ’-¡  Therefore, it had better be left out.ƒÆ’-¡  If it isƒÆ’-¡  violence by persons it has to be spoken of as such without contriving to bring in the teachings of the Buddha to distort ƒÆ’-¡ the issue.

The Buddha Dhamma the teachings of the Buddha is also the Buddha Sasana, which is ƒÆ’-¡ more than 2600 years old.ƒÆ’-¡  AllƒÆ’-¡  other religions except Hinduism are of recent evolution.ƒÆ’-¡  The Buddhism had not been an organised religion like the Church, but the teachings of the Buddha had been ƒÆ’-¡ carried without interruption through word of mouth from teacher to disciples in the most democratic system of an Order of Sangha (the Community of Monks) with its own rules of discipline.ƒÆ’-¡ 

This ancient order of Sangha or ƒÆ’-¡ Community of MonksƒÆ’-¡  is which continues even today.ƒÆ’-¡  These monks had not only to carry the teachings of the Buddha from word to mouth until it came to be written down in the 1st century, but also to protect the Buddha Sasana from its enemies.

It is this Order of Sangha (the Community of Monks) which protected the teachings and brought it to this day intact ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ…-without changing its faceƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ since its inception more than ƒÆ’-¡ 2600 years ago.ƒÆ’-¡  These monks still continue to play the role of the ƒÆ’-¡ protectors of ƒÆ’-¡ the teachings and thus the Buddha Sasana, with its temples, monasteries, lands offered to the sustenance of the temples and the monks, while at the same time instructingƒÆ’-¡  the followers and propagating the teachings-the Dhamma, and will do so for years to come.ƒÆ’-¡ 

The Buddhist monks cannot depend on the government for the protection of the Buddha Sasana, because it is primarily their duty.ƒÆ’-¡  The government has a duty not only for the ƒÆ’-¡ Buddhists, but also for the ƒÆ’-¡ non-Buddhists. Therefore if what belongs to Buddha Sasana is in peril it is the Buddhist monk who has the right to bring it to the notice of the Government and demand protection.

If such protection is not forth coming from the government, the Monks have to find out other means to solve the problem and protect the Buddha Sasana of which they had been the protectors for more than 2600 years.

The Editor of the Ceylon Today has to understand the reasons behind certain ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ…-violenceƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ taking place and analyse the reasons for them with wisdom after studying the whole question putting it into its correct perspective, without jumping to conclusions.

Now from what follows we see that, the problem the Editor of Ceylon Today has is not with the teachings of the Buddha but the Bodu Bala Sena.ƒÆ’-¡ 

He writes, ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ…-Today, the mention of the three words,ƒÆ’-¡  Bodu Bala Sena (BBS) which is a ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ…-Buddhist OrganizationƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬, drives fear even into the minds of some Buddhists leave alone the followers of other religions like Christianity, Islam and Hinduism .ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ 

Neither the Buddhists nor theƒÆ’-¡  followers of other religions should have fear on the mention of the words ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ…-Bodu Bala SenaƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬.ƒÆ’-¡  They are not an extremist group or terrorists. They are merely trying to high light matters concerning the Buddha Sasana that had been neglect by the government and taken for granted by non Buddhists, due to inaction by any one responsible. Buddha Sasana also comprises the Buddhist Culture of the followers of the teachings of the Buddha.

The Sangha as pointed out earlier, has a duty to protect the Buddha Sasana.ƒÆ’-¡  Due to lethargy of the Government, inaction of the Buddhists, and taking things for granted by those followers of other religions, matters concerning Buddha Sasana had been long neglected. Due to the absence of any one moving in to protect what belongs to the Buddha Sasana, some monks have organisedƒÆ’-¡  themselves to point out to the authorities where wrongs which have a direct effect on the Buddha Sasana have or is being committed by others with the motive to weaken the Buddha Sasana.

Muslims for instance since of late ƒÆ’-¡ have developed a great desire to build mosques all overƒÆ’-¡  Sri Lanka, (perhaps to out do the Buddhist Stupas by number), for that they use mean subterfuge such as building boutiques , warehouses, and shops in areas often close to Buddhist Temples or sometimes even on Temple land leaving them empty and use them as Muslim prayer houses, with the secret motive of later declare them mosques and build a large mosque in place of the derelict buildings originally constructed as, shops, boutiques or warehouses.

The Editor of Ceylon Today before writing Editorials on the Changing face of Buddhism should have investigated the changing attitude of Muslims in Sri Lanka and highlighted that as a responsible Journal.

The Editor points out that, the ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ…-Rhetoric that emanate from Bodu Bala Sena and Sinhala Ravaya therefore give a bad name for Buddhism. In fact, many hard line groups that are spewing violence and religious disunity are not about the religion at all. Those groups areƒÆ’-¡  about power,ƒÆ’-¡  politics and money.ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’-¡ 

The arms of the Bodu Bala Sena and Ravaya are not guns but words, arguments, and counter arguments. It is listening without being prejudiced that will help in such situations to find a solution to the problems over which rhetoric emanate. In defending the Buddha Sasana of Buddhist Sri Lanka, power, politics and money naturally get involved.

The Buddha Sasana had no rival religions at the beginning, but with the colonialism the Budhha Sasana received a hard blow.ƒÆ’-¡  It is only since 1956 that Buddhism and Buddhist Culture are being rediscovered.ƒÆ’-¡  The Buddhists , Muslims and Christians livedƒÆ’-¡  peaceƒÆ’-¡  without interfering into each otherƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s religious devotions.ƒÆ’-¡ 

But now the world itself is changing and there are competing foreign ƒÆ’-¡ power blocks, some using wealth and others religion.ƒÆ’-¡  The non-Buddhist religions in Sri Lanka have come under foreign influence, ƒÆ’-¡ and are being secretly financed ƒÆ’-¡ and infused with new religious fanatism which make them ƒÆ’-¡ take different political, and social moves that had not been evidentƒÆ’-¡  before.

The ordinary lay Buddhists are concerned with their day to day living.ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡  The Government overlooks certain developments in order not to be partial to one community against others. Therefore, if there is danger to the Buddha Sasana the Order of Monks cannot waitƒÆ’-¡  until the lay Buddhists or the Government come forward to safeguard the interest of the Buddha Sasana, therefore they Organise themselves, to draw attention of both the lay Buddhist followers and the Government to the dangers they foresee to the Buddha Sasana.

Perhaps the Editor is not aware that there was a period when there was what was called ƒÆ’-¡ Catholic Action that had interfered in the administration of the Governments causing considerable difficulties for the Buddhists not only in Sri Lanka, but also in many Asian Buddhist Countries.ƒÆ’-¡ 

During the period there were very active lay followers of Buddhism who organised themselves to fight against the Catholic Action.ƒÆ’-¡  They, led by L.H.Mettananda formed into an organisation called Bauddha Balavegaya which put an end to nefarious activitiesƒÆ’-¡  of the Catholic Action.

These foreign manoeuvres against Sri Lanka and the Buddha Sasana had taken place from time to time.ƒÆ’-¡  Thanks to the vigilance ƒÆ’-¡ of the Buddhists and Buddhist monks great dangers to the Buddha Sasana had been averted. ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ 

Why does not the Editor of Ceylon Today ask himself, ƒÆ’-¡ why Muslims are under attack not only in Grandpass but in countries the world over, for instance ƒÆ’-¡ in USA, UK, Germany, France, Netherland, Denmark, Sweden and so on ?

Even in Sri Lanka the sudden upsurge of anti national activities of some sections of the Muslim Community is a new phenomenon.ƒÆ’-¡  Many fingers are being pointed at Saudi Arabia for promoting Wahibism and promoting the rise of ƒÆ’-¡ extremismƒÆ’-¡  amoung the Muslims in the world. Halaal, Shariah Law, and Quazy Law courts ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ have now taken an importance ofƒÆ’-¡  immense dimension whereas they were not even heard of before.

How is it then that the Editor of Ceylon Today gives such importance to what happened in Grandpass which had been settled to the satisfaction of all parties concerned, without having at no time informed of the sinister developments taking place amoung the Muslims in Sri Lanka ?

In such a situation we should be thankful to the Buddhists monks for their vigilance making a hue and cry when necessary to draw attention of the people to disperse the danger.ƒÆ’-¡  Such foreign influence does not auger well for Muslims in Sri Lanka as well , as their being unnecessarily forced to create dissension amoung the communities ƒÆ’-¡ with whom they have lived for generations. Such foreign fanatism seeping into Sri Lanka Muslim Community will thwart the unityƒÆ’-¡  and reconciliation of the Communities and hamper development which is of greater value to every one of us.

The Buddhist Monk is the pulse of the Nation, which could detect the dangers coming from other religions and from outside and give timely warning.ƒÆ’-¡  As Egypt, Saudi Arabia or Pakistan are Muslim Countries, Sri Lanka is a Buddhist Country.

The EditorƒÆ’-¡  writes in his Editorial that , ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ…- Buddhism has a long standing reputation asƒÆ’-¡  a ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ…-tolerant religionƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬. The present day keepers of Buddhism should not desecrate that premise.ƒÆ’-¡  In the true spirit of Buddhism, their concerns about the wellbeing of the bulls and cows are well received, But, above all,ƒÆ’-¡ they must respect the human life.ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬

It appears now with considerable interference in to ƒÆ’-¡ the affairs of Sri Lanka by some of the foreign countries after the elimination ofƒÆ’-¡  ruthless terrorism, the, ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ…-the long standing reputation of Buddhism as a tolerant religionƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ ƒÆ’-¡ has given easy access to those taking advantage of that reputation ofƒÆ’-¡  tolerance to spread their own religious extremism.

Buddhism is concerned not only of the wellbeing of the humans, but of all beings.ƒÆ’-¡  The present day keepers of Buddhism, as the Editor says are well aware of it andƒÆ’-¡  their effort in that role ofƒÆ’-¡  keepers of Buddhism is to look after its welfare of all beings.ƒÆ’-¡  It is because of the tolerance of Buddhism and its keepers that the Muslims had been living amoung the Buddhists building their villages and mosques in complete freedom and acceptance.

With regard to the wellbeing of animals, the Muslims living in a Buddhist country which had accommodated them should in respect to the country they have made theirƒÆ’-¡  home, ƒÆ’-¡ stopƒÆ’-¡  killing animals for food and to celebrate their religious functions.

In Peru virgins and physically unblemished young men were sacrificed at a religious festival.ƒÆ’-¡  But it was stopped after its conquest by the Spanish.ƒÆ’-¡  Can one imagine what would happen if ƒÆ’-¡ similar religious customs are perpetrated today ?

That is to emphasise what ever wereƒÆ’-¡  the religious practices of ancient times, they ƒÆ’-¡ need not be carried on nowƒÆ’-¡  just because they were written in the Koran and the Muslims have made it a custom, ƒÆ’-¡ when there are so many other things to offer to Gods, eat, and with which to celebrate festivals.ƒÆ’-¡ 

According to the Bible the followers of theƒÆ’-¡  God had made blood sacrifices and peace sacrifices smudging the altar with blood, but now the only sacrifice the Christians make is eating a Turkey for the Christmas dinner.ƒÆ’-¡  In the Munneshwaran Kovil thousands of innocent animals are killed to please Kali. Is this savage custom necessary in the present time ?

Why cannot the Government put a stop to animal sacrifices at the Munneshwaran Kovil forth with like the Spanish did to Peruvian human sacrifices ?.

These are the themes on whichƒÆ’-¡  the Editor of Ceylon TodayƒÆ’-¡  could if intelligent write his Editorials.

The Buddhist monks had always advised the rulers and the rulers of Sri Lanka had always sought the counsel and advice of theƒÆ’-¡  Buddhist monks.ƒÆ’-¡  Therefore it is an exaggeration on the part of the Editor to say, ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ…- It is also important that they comply with the modern tenets, which evolved over centuries and are now playing a pillar in the modern state system. That is the separation between the Church ( or to that effect Temple) and the State.ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬

The Editor of Ceylon Today states, ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ…-Those hard-line followers should not tell governments how to run the country.ƒÆ’-¡  They should be cognizant of the fact that many great states in todayƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s world areƒÆ’-¡  secular in character, including our neighbour India. They should be mindful and respectful of the sentiments of the followers of other faiths. ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’-¡ 

In Sri Lanka as in many countries theƒÆ’-¡  role of the State and the religion is well defined.ƒÆ’-¡  But it is often the Islamic fundamentalism that infringes into the secular Character of the State, by imposing theirƒÆ’-¡  religious customs such as wearing the Shawl or the Burkha in public.ƒÆ’-¡  In France where the children from Catholic families do not even wear the cross around their neck when attending school, ƒÆ’-¡ the Muslims demand theƒÆ’-¡  schools to accept the shawl (a religious identity) worn by Muslim girls.

The Editor writes, ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ…-The government should safeguard Buddhism and its righteous values. It should fend off attempts to distort Buddhism and to give a bad name to the religion and its followers. Also, It should not use religion as a measure toƒÆ’-¡  garner support to cling on to power.ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’-¡ 

The Buddhist Monks have a role to play vis ƒÆ’†’  vis the Buddha Sasana.ƒÆ’-¡  That role also included the protection of the Buddhist culture which forms the life of the individual.ƒÆ’-¡  The Buddhism is ƒÆ’-¡ well known as a great teaching, and theƒÆ’-¡  Order of the Sangha is known as the protectors of that great teachingƒÆ’-¡  and its actionsƒÆ’-¡  is a necessity and the followers of other religions should understand the role of the Buddhist Monk in a Buddhist country-Sri Lanka, and ƒÆ’-¡ consent to a healthy dialogue in place of vindictive actions and ƒÆ’-¡ distortion of facts through media.

The Grandpass event had been settled in a peaceful manner, which the Editor has failed to take in to account .ƒÆ’-¡  The most importantly at the meeting held on the dispute that arose overƒÆ’-¡  the Grandpass Mosque, the Buddhist monks agreed to chop off the Bo tree so that the trustees of the mosque could use the space to build an ƒÆ’-¡ extensions to the mosque. Also in an unprecedented gesture of religious tolerance and amity, the Monks had ƒÆ’-¡ also invited the trustees of the mosque to use the temple Dharmasala any time they wanted extra space for prayers.

Editor Ceylon Today please note the ƒÆ’-¡ above and understand for yourself that the Buddhist monks are generous and tolerant contrary to the image the Editor is projecting of the Buddhist monks.ƒÆ’-¡  Their actions seem harsh and intolerantƒÆ’-¡  only when their role as protectors of the Buddha Sasana is misunderstood, and they are portrayed as intolerant gangsters by the media such as yours- Ceylon Today.

Where are the next of kin of the supposedly executed 40,000-125,000 Tamil civilians in Sri Lanka?

August 18th, 2013

By Shenali Waduge

The “experts” and “authorities” must have their say and certainly their voice is far more powerful than a country as small as Sri Lanka. They are the ones that make the laws, they decide who the villains and the heroes are, they can make heroes into villains and villains into heroes, they can frame charges, they can also decide not to frame charges – in short it is only their wishes that prevail. Justice is justice that suits them and not the victims. Victims are who they define as victims on a selective basis and perpetrators are all those that do not conform to their agendas. It is with these incongruities that Sri Lanka finds itself being allegedly bullied and thrown figures of casualties that vary between initial figures of 7000 to 40,000 to 60,000 and now to 125,000. Given that we accept the figures by these “authorities” – what next needs to be asked is 4 years on where are the next of kin of these 125,000 or even 40,000 – why have they not come forward naming the “executed”?

We now come to those who are making these guestimate figures. US Secretary of State Robert Blake states 40,000 died at the US Congressional hearing to which US House Foreign Affairs Subcommittee Congressman Eni F.H. Faleomavaega asked “why are we picking on a little country like Sri Lanka” and Mr. Faleomavaega recommended that the US Resolution should be withdrawn for “focusing only on the last few months of the war and failing to acknowledge…. almost 30 years, the Tamil Tigers hacked to death innocent men , women and children in Sri Lanka, carried out some 378 suicide attacks more than any other terrorist organization in the world.”

Then there is Gordon Weiss who initially quoted 7000 but to boost his book that figure changed to 40,000 which he changed to 10,000 at his book launch and disowned responsibility for change of numbers, denoting the pastime of picking figures from the air to embarrass a nation that eliminated a terrorist organization banned by 32 nations including the very country bringing the Resolution against Sri Lanka. Not to miss joining the bandwagon – the UN Panel of Experts too says that as many as 40,000 “may have been killed”. It is this “may have” that is causing the alarms to ring in all the hallways of the UN and the world.

We can however match the “may have” with numbers and details of every gruesome attack carried out by the LTTE killing thousands of innocent civilians not in any war zone area but people who had been sleeping in their villages, children on their way to school, student monks on their way to prayer, women and children praying at the temple, the ordinary public seated on a bus going to their workplaces, visiting relatives or taking food to a patient in hospital who were in an instant blown to pieces because a member of the LTTE had disguised themselves as a civilian and left a parcel bomb under a bus seat and left the scene. Such attacks are too long to list but have not had anything more than the usual diplomatically worded statement and it has been business as usual for the LTTE.

The confusions are many. On the ground there are reports by both UN and Government officials that give one version which can be verified and then on the other there are the astronomic figures that continue to fall from the sky alleging unbelievable numbers. If the UNICEF sponsored Family Tracing and Verification Unit compiled in 2011 indicate the total number of untraceable persons as 2,564 out of which 676 are children and more importantly out of these children 64% have been reported as LTTE abductions are we to believe this ground survey or the versions of those thousands of miles away and from people who refuse to accept these ground statistics and insist the Government answers to their figures. If we were to ask any of the other Sri Lanka bashers it is pretty certain they may even quote 500,000 or more – and yet at most there can’t be more than 2.4million Tamils in Sri Lanka and 1million of that number are already overseas now….. so these inflated figures are indeed very amusing as their guestimates become higher and higher.

Additionally there are the reports by organizations such as UN, Government Agents, World Food Program and doctors and their civilian population estimates indicate a highest figure of around 300,000 which corresponds with the figure that the Sri Lankan military saved and the anomaly matches the number quoted by the UN country team as being dead – 7721 people. What the Government should do is to tabulate the number of Tamils who would have fled the North from 2006 onwards either to live in Colombo or even those that left Sri Lanka.

Then there is the satellite analysis report on the graveyards in Mullaitivu by the American Association for the Advancement of Science identifying 3 graveyards which had expanded to a highest number of 1346 and one of the graveyards belonging to the LTTE showed 960 burials.

Then there is the Enumeration of Vital Events 2011 carried out in June/July 2011 by Tamil officers (most of whom were teachers serving in the North) on the population in the Northern Province and covers population, migration, deaths and untraceable persons from 2005 to 2009. According to these officers the total number killed from January to 31 May 2009 is 7896 inclusive of LTTE terrorists while death as a result of natural deaths due to old age/sickness etc were 1102.

The 1981 census declared the Mullaitivu total population as 77512 (Tamils = 69,670 / Sinhalese =3,948 / Muslims =3,777) while all other census figures have been estimates with 2007 figure placed at 220,311. The 2012 census places the total Mullaitivu district population as 91,947. The Mullaitivu district is 2,516.9(km2). Mullaitivu was the LTTE hideout and from where they recruited and trained their terror forces. It was from where the LTTE recruited its men, women and children apart from the recruitments done in the East of Sri Lanka – all the while it was careful selection of low caste impoverished Tamils who became LTTE fighters. It is good for a proper study to be done to establish the caste factor amongst LTTE recruitment to prove this beyond doubt. We can assume that apart from high castes holding important posts in the LTTE not a single high caste would have become a suicide member of the LTTE.

Anyway let us analyze these conflicting figures. A leaked UN report placed civilian deaths at around 7000. The UN Expert Panel report does say that a UN Country Team document estimated that 7,721 civilians were killed and 18479 were injured between August 2008 and 13 May 2009 but the UN Expert Panel says the figures are too low to accept. What right does a Panel have to completely throw to the dustbin facts and figures compiled by UN observers on the ground? By 18th May the entire military operation against the LTTE was completed. Are we to then presume that between 13th May and 18th May – in just 5 days the Sri Lankan military killed 125,000 or 40,000 people why did they then save approximately 295,000 which is no small number and these were not saved together but in batches and from different locations where the people braved LTTE fire to escape because the LTTE did not want their “volunteers” to desert them.

On 10th February 2009 – LTTE fired and killed 19 Tamil civilians whilst the Army rescued 1046 civilians in Puthukkuduyiruppu. The dead included 2 children, 5 women and 12 males. The UN Panel of Experts also says that the “Tigers kept on fighting even when it became clear they had lost in order to save the lives of its leaders. This futile prolonging of the conflict resulted in many civilians dying unnecessarily” yet what never gets said is that the armed forces saved several LTTE leaders (Daya Master, George) while Soosai’s family were captured by the SL Navy while attempting to get away. Given the presumed notion that the SL armed forces are killers shouldn’t they have been killed?

The UN Panel of Experts also notes that “Tigers shot at point blank any civilian trying to leave the conflict zone” as well as the fact that “Tamil Tigers fired artillery from near civilians. They also stored military equipment near civilians and civilian structures such as hospitals” – nevertheless apart from mentioning these nothing has happened about LTTE accountability. We now say – take the LTTE fronts to task for all LTTE crimes.

Very little emphasis is ever given to the fact that civilian deaths should be attributed to LTTE firing upon them. All the while it is conveniently concluded that every civilian death has to have been committed by the armed forces and no argument! What kind of justice is this? This is how things would have happened in kangaroo courts of the LTTE but we do not expect such from esteemed places like the UN!

The decision to militarily defeat a designated terrorist organization was taken after it had drenched a nation in blood for 30 years. That appears not to matter to the UN or foreign governments. Despite a foreign brokered ceasefire in place the LTTE carried out assassinations and cut short the supply of water – a fundamental UN declared right to people in the Mavil Aru area of East Sri Lanka. That decision to militarily defeat a terrorist organization banned by 32 nations was taken after 30 years of suffering, after listening to foreign governments and when none of their peace recipes offered a solution.

When the GOSL requested the LTTE to release the Tamil civilians and even the UN appealed for the same it was the LTTE and its foreign fronts who declared that the civilians were with them voluntarily. This alone takes away the rights of civilians if they are involved in hostilities and the UN Expert Panel too says that “Tamil tigers refused to allow civilians to leave the conflict zone”, “forcibly recruited members during the whole civil war but this intensified during the final stages of the war. Some of the recruits were young as 14″, “tigers forced civilians to dig trenches, risking making them look like combatants” – Now this is the UN Secretary General’s Panel of Experts clearly revealing that Tamil civilians were engaged in hostilities which makes us ask how many civilians were actually involved and how are soldiers to know to apply the principle of distinction in a situation where civilians are involved in terrorist activity given that LTTE chose to remove their uniforms and fight in civilian attire in the final stages. It was as a civilian that a LTTE suicide bomber came to a makeshift refugee camp and blew herself up killing scores of Tamil civilians inclusive of the female soldiers attached to the Sri Lanka army providing medical assistance and food for these malnutritioned civilians whom the LTTE had not given to eat despite the Sri Lankan Government never stopping the flow of food, medicines and even fuel to the North throughout the 30 years of conflict.

Much of the “accountability” rests on the question of Tamil civilian casualty. Sri Lanka cannot admit to death totals that Gordon Weiss, Frances Harrison, LTTE fronts, David Miliband, Siobhain McDonagh, Bruce Haigh, Navi Pillai et al come up with without substantiating with facts as against the ground records and reports available corresponding with the UN Country Team’s observation.

If Sri Lanka is to be crucified simply because it is refusing to accept ghost numbers to satisfy an agenda – so be it but we continue to say that Sri Lanka’s armed forces did not kill 40,000 or 125,000. Given that none of the deaths are being attributed to the LTTE, if governments are sincere they should now turn their questions towards the LTTE front organizations who have been steering the LTTE killing machine from their western confines and put them on the dock for a change. We can but wonder when UN will have officials thinking in a balanced way as US House Foreign Affairs Subcommittee Congressman Eni F.H. Faleomavaega or Australia Deputy Opposition Leader Julie Bishop and Scott Morrison or UK’s Ian Paisely?

The double standards must stop.

Do Sri Lankan Muslims have a dual identity problem when singing the national anthem?

August 18th, 2013

By Bisthan Batcha

The first two words of the term ‘Sri Lankan Muslim’ reflects the national identity while the last word reflects the global identity of any member of the Muslim community of our motherland. A Sri Lankan Muslim should be able to identify the appropriate ‘hat’ that he should wear in a particular situation.ƒÆ’-¡ 

If the occasion demands that a Sri Lankan Muslim sing the national anthem of his motherland, then he should not hesitate to demonstrate his national identity with pride. Not doing so will create an impression among the other communities that the Sri Lankan Muslims are unpatriotic and utterly disinterested in being Sri Lankans. How can we expect the members of the other communities to treat us as fellow-citizens of Sri Lanka if we fail by choice to do so at such times ? All talk of unity with other communities on our part becomes useless and amounts to a joke. The national anthem unites the people of a nation however diverse they may be in terms of religion, ethnicity and socio-economic status.ƒÆ’-¡ 

Choosing to wear the wrong ‘hat’ at a specific occasion will create perceptions which will be very difficult to correct or even explain subsequently. A classic example is when some Sri Lankan Muslims choose to cloak themselves with their global identity whenever Sri Lanka plays a cricket match against Pakistan.ƒÆ’-¡ 

So I say to my Brothers and Sisters when the occasion demands that you sing our Sri Lankan national anthem, please do so with pride and gusto since your intention (Niyath) is to only affirm your national identity.

ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ¶¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶º ƒÆ’‚ ·”…¾ƒÆ’‚ · ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶§ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…-ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ¶º ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ¶± ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ ƒÆ’‚ ¶¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ · ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‚¦ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶¶ƒÆ’‚ ·”-ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ƒÆ’‚ ¶º

August 18th, 2013

ƒÆ’‚ ¶ ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶± ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ƒÆ’‚ ¶«ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶©ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…-ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘

ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‚¦ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ƒÆ’‚ ¶§ ƒÆ’‚ ¶¢ƒÆ’‚ ·”…”ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¾‚¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶± ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ¶º, ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ƒÆ’‚ ¶º, ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ·”…¡ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‚ ƒÆ’‚ ·”…¾ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶» ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ƒÆ’‚ ¶§ ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‚¦ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ¶», ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‚¦ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ¶º. ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‚¦ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…-ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡ ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡ ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ƒÆ’‚ ¶º, ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ¶¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶º ƒÆ’‚ ·”…¾ƒÆ’‚ · ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¾‚¢ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚¦ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…-ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…-ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…-ƒÆ’‚ ¶©ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ¶”…¡ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ · ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·”- ƒÆ’‚ ¶¢ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…-ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶§ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚¦ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶¶ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶°ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…-ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ¶§ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·”…”ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¾‚¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ¶§ ƒÆ’‚ ¶¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‚¦ƒÆ’‚ ¶·ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…-ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡ ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡. ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‘ ƒÆ’‚ ·”…¾ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ·”…¾ƒÆ’‚ · ƒÆ’‚ ¶¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶§ƒÆ’-¡  ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¾‚¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡ ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‚ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…-ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡ ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·”…”ƒÆ’‚ ¶º ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶§ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‚°ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ƒÆ’‚ · ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ƒÆ’‚ ¶§ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ·”…” ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶± ƒÆ’‚ ¶¢ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…-ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶§ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚¦ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¾‚¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¾‚¢ƒÆ’‚ ·”…¾ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‚¦ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶°ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ¶º ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…-ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ¶§ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·”…”ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ¶º.

ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…-ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶º ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‚¹ƒÆ’‚ ¶«ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ¶° ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡ ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‚¦ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…-ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡ ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ ƒÆ’‚ ¶¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶± ƒÆ’‚ ¶¢ƒÆ’‚ ·”…”ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ƒÆ’‚ ¶§ ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‚¦ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ · ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶» ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ¶± ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ƒÆ’‚ ·”…”. ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡ ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‚¹ƒÆ’‚ ¶«ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶°ƒÆ’‚ ¶º ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ · ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ¶± ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ƒÆ’‚ ¶º, ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‚¦ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ¶§ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶”…¡ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶°ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ¶º ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‚¹ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¾‚¢ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ · ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…-ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡, ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶º ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶§ ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‚°ƒÆ’‚ ¶© ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‚¦ƒÆ’‚ ·”…¾ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ · ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ·”…”ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶°ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ¶§ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶«ƒÆ’‚ ¶º ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶» ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶­. ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ·”…”ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶°ƒÆ’‚ ¶º ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶«ƒÆ’‚ ¶º ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ¶± ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶¢ ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‚¹ƒÆ’‚ ¶«ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶°ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ¶§ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶©ƒÆ’‚ · ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ¶¶ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·”- ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ·”…”ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·”- ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶º.

ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ ƒÆ’‚ ¶·ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…-ƒÆ’‚ ¶º ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‚¦ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶° ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ¶«ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶¶ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶°ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶§ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ·”…¾ƒÆ’‚ ¶·ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…-ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·”- ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‚¦ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ¶», ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶§ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‘ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ¶½ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‚¦ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…-ƒÆ’‚ ¶§ ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‚¦ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡ ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ¶± ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶§ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶¶ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶°ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ¶º ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ·”…”ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ¶§ ƒÆ’‚ ·”…¾ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‚¹ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶¶ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ¶«ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘. ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶§ ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ¶§ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶± ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ·”…”ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶°ƒÆ’‚ ¶º ƒÆ’‚ ·”…¾ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¾‚¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‚¦ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ƒÆ’‚ ¶§ ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‚¦ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶”…¡ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶®ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‚¦ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·”- ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶§ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ƒÆ’‚ ·”…¾ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ·”…”ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡ ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¾‚¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ ƒÆ’‚ ¶¢ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…-ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶§ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚¦ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‚¹ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ƒÆ’‚ ·”…”ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ¶º ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·”…” ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ ƒÆ’‚ ¶¶ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¾‚¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·”…”.

ƒÆ’‚ ¶¶ƒÆ’‚ ·”…¾ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶¢ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…-ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ¶¢ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ƒÆ’‚ ¶º ƒÆ’‚ ·”…¾ƒÆ’‚ · ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¾‚¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ¶§ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶§ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶± ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ·”…¾ƒÆ’‚ ·”…” ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ¶» ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶§ ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¾‚¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ¶§ ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ¶º ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ¶± ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶«ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶©ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…-ƒÆ’‚ ¶§ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶», ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ · ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ·”…”ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡ ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·”…¾ƒÆ’‚ · ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¾‚¢ƒÆ’‚ ·”…¾ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¾‚¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·”…”. ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¾‚¢ƒÆ’‚ ·”…¾ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¾‚¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶° ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‚¦ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶®ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ·”…¾ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ƒÆ’‚ ·”…”, ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶° ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ·”-ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…-ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¾‚¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¾‚¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·”…”. ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‘ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ · ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶”…¡ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶°ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‚°ƒÆ’‚ ¶§ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ¶± ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ”¹…”ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·”…”ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶º. ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‘ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…-ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‚¹ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¾‚¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶± ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‚¦ƒÆ’‚ ·”…¾ƒÆ’‚ ¶¹ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶°ƒÆ’‚ ·”…”ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡ ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ¶± ƒÆ’‚ ·”…¾ƒÆ’‚ · ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶§ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ¶§ ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¾‚¢ƒÆ’‚ ·”…¾ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¾‚¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶º ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·”…”ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ¶§ ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡ ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ƒÆ’‚ ¶§ ƒÆ’‚ ·”…¾ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·”…”. ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶§ ƒÆ’‚ ¶¢ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ¶º ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·”- ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…-ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶§ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚¦ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‚¦ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ¶§ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ¶¶ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¾‚¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ¶¶ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ƒÆ’‚ · ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶­.ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶º ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‚¦ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ƒÆ’‚ ¶§ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶”…¡ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ¶º ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡ ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…-ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶§ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¾‚¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ · ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…-ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚¦ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ¶§ƒÆ’‚ ¶§ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ·”…¾ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶§ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‚¦ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¾‚¢ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ¶± ƒÆ’‚ ¶¶ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ · ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·”…”ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…-ƒÆ’‚ ¶º.

ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…-ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶§ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¾‚¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ · ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…-ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‚¦ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¾‚¢ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡ ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‚¦ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ƒÆ’‚ ¶§ ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ¶«ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…-ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬, ƒÆ’‚ ¶ ƒÆ’‚ ·”…”ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ¶º ƒÆ’‚ ·”…¾ƒÆ’‚ · ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·”…¾ƒÆ’‚ · ƒÆ’‚ ¶¶ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶¢ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶§ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¾‚¢ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚¦ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ·”…¾ƒÆ’‚ ·”…¾ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ¶º ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ¶± ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ƒÆ’‚ ·”…”. ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‘ ƒÆ’‚ ·”…¾ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¾‚¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’-¡  ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡ ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…-ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‚¦ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ¶§ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…-ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ¶± ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¾‚¢ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚¦ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶§ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ƒÆ’‚ ¶§ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ ƒÆ’‚ ¶¶ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶º.

ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¾‚¢ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚¦ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶º ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶©ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¾‚¢ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…-ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ¶§ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶º ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ¶º ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ¶± ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ·”…”ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡ ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶®ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ¶§ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ¶¶ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¾‚¢ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ ƒÆ’‚ ¶¶ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶º. ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡ ƒÆ’‚ ·”…¾ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¾‚¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡ ƒÆ’‚ ·”…¾ƒÆ’‚ · ƒÆ’‚ ¶ ƒÆ’‚ ·”…”ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ ƒÆ’‚ ¶¶ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‚¦ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…-ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ ƒÆ’‚ ·”…¾ƒÆ’‚ · ƒÆ’‚ ¶ ƒÆ’‚ ·”…”ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ¶º ƒÆ’‚ ¶·ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶» ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…-ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·”…”ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ¶§ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶§ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶± ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ¶» ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ¶§ ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶¢ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶º ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶º ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…-ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ · ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…-ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ · ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ , ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‚¦ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡ ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ¶§ ƒÆ’‚ ·”…¾ƒÆ’‚ · ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‘ƒÆ’‚ ·”…¾ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‚¦ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ¶º ƒÆ’‚ ¶·ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶» ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…-ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·”…”ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ¶§ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶§ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶± ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ¶» ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ·”…¾ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶§ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ · ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…-ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·”…”ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ¶§ ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¾‚¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ¶§ ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶¢ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶º ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ¶§ ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…-ƒÆ’‚ ·”…¾ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶­. ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‚¦ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ¶§ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡ ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶§ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ƒÆ’‚ ¶± ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¾‚¢ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚¦ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶± ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‚¦ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸, ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…-ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡ ƒÆ’‚ ¶·ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶«ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶© ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¾‚¢ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚¦ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…-ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‚°ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…-ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ · ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¾‚¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶§ ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‘ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡ ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ·”…¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶«ƒÆ’‚ ·”…”ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶º ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¾‚¢ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚¦ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ·”…”ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ·”‘.

ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‘ ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‚¦ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡ ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…-ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶§ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¾‚¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ · ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶¶ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶°ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶º. ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶§ ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‚°ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‚¦ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶º ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…- ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¾‚¢ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚¦ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…-ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¾‚¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‚°ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶» ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶­. ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‘ ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…-ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶§ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¾‚¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ · ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ƒÆ’‚ ¶± ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…-ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡.

1. En famil A+
2. Nan
3. SMA
4. Cow & Gate ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ¶± ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ·”‚¦ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚¦ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶§ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶§ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¾‚¢ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚¦ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…-ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¾‚¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‚¦ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶­. ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡ ƒÆ’‚ ¶¶ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ¶¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶º ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…-ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¾‚¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…-ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ƒÆ’‚ ¶«ƒÆ’‚ ·”…”. ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶§ ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…-ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…-ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶º ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ƒÆ’‚ ¶º ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶©ƒÆ’‚ ¶”…¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…-ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ , ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶¶ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¾‚¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶± ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶§ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶©ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ƒÆ’‚ ¶§ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‚¦ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…-ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶º ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚¦ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶§ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ ƒÆ’‚ ·”…¾ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…-ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‚¦ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…-ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ƒÆ’‚ ·”…” ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶± ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ·”…¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶« ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶« ƒÆ’‚ ¶¶ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶«ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘.

ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶± ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ¶¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶º ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ¶» ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¾‚¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¾‚¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶”…¡ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶°ƒÆ’‚ ¶± ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶§ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‚°ƒÆ’‚ ¶§ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ¶± ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡ ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…-ƒÆ’‚ ·”…¾ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…-ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡ ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‘ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶§ ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‚¹ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ¶± ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ¶» ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…-ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…-ƒÆ’‚ ¶©ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶”…¡ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·”…”ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ƒÆ’‚ ·”…¾ƒÆ’‚ · ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶§ ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶§ ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶º ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‚ ƒÆ’‚ ·”…¾ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶» ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶¶ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶°ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…-ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…-ƒÆ’‚ ¶©ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶”…¡ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶º ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ¶º. ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¾‚¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶º ƒÆ’‚ ·”…¾ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‚¦ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶®ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ · ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·”…¾ƒÆ’‚ · ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ·”…”ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶§ ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‚¦ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·”…”ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶« ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶º ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ¶º. ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‘ ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ¶§ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¾‚¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ¶§ ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·”…” ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ºƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶º ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ¶» ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡ ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶§ ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡ ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚¦ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶§ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ƒÆ’‚ ¶§ ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¾‚¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶¶ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶°ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ ƒÆ’‚ ¶¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ·”…”ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡ ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¾‚¢ƒÆ’‚ ·”…¾ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¾‚¢ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶§ ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶± ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¾‚¢ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‚°ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ƒÆ’‚ · ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶§ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡, ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‚¦ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ ƒÆ’‚ ¶¢ƒÆ’‚ ·”…”ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶± ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡ ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ·”…¾ƒÆ’‚ · ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…-ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡ ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶¶ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶°ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶± ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‚¦ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…-ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ·”…” ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ƒÆ’‚ ¶”…¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶§ ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‚¦ƒÆ’‚ ·”…¾ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶» ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶» ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶± ƒÆ’‚ ¶¶ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶«ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘.

ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¾‚¢ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶± ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ¶§ ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶§ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ · ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·”…”ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…-ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ƒÆ’‚ · ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ¶§ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ·”- ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶§ ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶¢ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶º ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶°ƒÆ’‚ ·”…” ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…-ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¾‚¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·”…¾ƒÆ’‚ · ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ¶§ ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ · ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‘ ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¾‚¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶§ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¾‚¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶©ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶¶ƒÆ’‚ ·”…”ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶«ƒÆ’‚ ¶º ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶», ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶«ƒÆ’‚ ¶º ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶», ” ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¾‚¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‚°ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡ ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶§ ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶§ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ·”‘.- ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶¶ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ¶«ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¾‚¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶©ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‚¹ƒÆ’‚ ¶«ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶©ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ·”‘” ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ¶± ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶§ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ¶§ ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·”…”ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ¶§ ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ¶¶ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶«ƒÆ’‚ ¶º ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶± ƒÆ’‚ ¶¶ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶§ƒÆ’‚ ·”…¾ƒÆ’‚ · ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…-ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·”…”ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ¶§ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·”…¡ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…-ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…-ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡.

ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‚¦ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ƒÆ’‚ ¶§ ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‚¦ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡ ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡ ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ¶§ƒÆ’‚ ¶§ ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‚¦ƒÆ’‚ ·”…¾ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶» ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶§ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·”…¾ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ · ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ ƒÆ’‚ ·”…¾ƒÆ’‚ · ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‘ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ƒÆ’‚ ·”…¾ƒÆ’‚ · ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶¶ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶°ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ ƒÆ’‚ ¶¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ·”…”ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡ ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ · ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶”…¡ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶°ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶§ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‚¦ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶º ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¾‚¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ · ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ƒÆ’‚ ·”…”ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ¶§ƒÆ’‚ ¶º.

One Month to Northern Provincial Council Election, India Shows Signs of Going Back on CHOGM Promise

August 17th, 2013

Dilrook Kannangara

It works like clockwork. Tamil Nadu leaders have demanded the Indian government boycott CHOGM summit in Colombo. It is a repetition of what happened in 1954, 1964, 1974, 1985, 1987, 2011, 2012 and 2013 ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬”…” Sri Lanka always kept its side of the bargain but India never kept its word. After the first Indo-Lanka agreement on Tamils of Indian origin in 1954, the Indian delegate made it very clear that India would not take back any Indian Tamils from Sri Lanka. It was the same stance India followed over and over again in 1964 and 1974.
In 1985 India mediated in Thimpu talks. India got the LTTE to demand Sri Lanka accept all Tamils of Indian origin and grant them citizenship. Sri Lanka agreed and mysteriously Thimpu talks collapsed the next day!
It was repeated in 1987. Although India promised to disarm the LTTE, after a Dixit organized sham show for the media, IPKF failed to disarm them. Sri Lanka once again kept the promise of 13A with no commensurate commitment from India. After the war a grand extravaganza for the Indian film festival was held. Indian organisers are yet to pay the dues for the failed event with a low attendance. 2012 and 2013 saw India, as expected, repeat its shrewd policy of duplicity in voting against Sri Lanka at the UNHRC.
Just a month to go for the Northern Provincial Council election, Indian puppeteers have got Tamil Nadu ultra-racists to justify intended Indian boycott of the Commonwealth summit in Colombo. Actual decision to boycott the summit will be officially notified after the TNA Chief Minister has taken oaths. Ultimately India, Canada, New Zealand and a few other nations of the Commonwealth will boycott the summit much like the harbor without ships, the airport without planes or the peace without the peace dividend to those who fight hard to win it.

A resolute decision must be taken to abrogate 13A irrespective of Indian concerns as they are unreliable and certainly not dependable. The ruling clan cannot satisfy both Indian interests and Sri Lankan interests at the same time; no government since 1948 could do it.

When TNA leaders go shopping for separatist sponsorship in Canada and US

August 17th, 2013

Shenali D Waduge

There is little that sets the LTTE and TNA apart. The objectives of both remain the same only the modus operandi differed. The Sri Lankan Armed Forces eliminated the ground terror of LTTE removing the terrorist aspect from the quest. Now the TNA has taken over the baton with the objective well on track. The world and Tamils conveniently forget that LTTE launched its campaign by killing their own Tamil people FIRST while Tamil parliamentarians simply watched. Our issue is that while LTTE is designated as a terrorist organization and remains proscribed even 4 years after its demise, the TNA are voted parliamentarians so what business does the TNA have to continuously fly overseas (8-12 August 2013) to meet pro-LTTE lobbies under the very eyes of the Canadian Government whose decision to attend CHOGM is decided by the lobbying tactics of Canadian Tamil votebase ridiculing the integrity of some Canadian parliamentarians. TNA next transited to the US where its State Dept presumably do not ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ…-talkƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ to terrorists but ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ…-discussesƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ options of piggybanking on the separatist agenda for it works perfectly with their plans to destabilize Sri Lanka and the Asian region ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬”…” a coup dƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢ƒÆ’†’©tat within a coup dƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢ƒÆ’†’©tat? It is high time the Sri Lankan Government read out the 6th amendment to the TNA.

Riding on lies

For years we have been living amidst lies. It was during British rule that Tamils first created a mono-ethnic political party for Tamils eliminating the supposed Sinhala discrimination, it was immediately after independence that Tamils formed a bogus ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ…-federalƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ party to hide its Tamil meaning for separate statehood (what federalism was required immediately after independence) and Tamils hijacked to perfection the 1956 Sinhala Only policy for when Tamil was never used in official matters or State administration where was the discrimination and when the supposed Tamils claiming discrimination were all English educated elite probably not even speaking Tamil in their homes! Standardization was opposed because elite Tamils did not want their own lowcaste Tamils to obtain university education. They did not want their own lowcaste Tamils to attend schools or kovils either and that is why the elite Tamils opposed the Prevention of Social Disabilities Act of 1957. That elite Tamils began to agitate in 1957 after the Act and not 1956 against the supposed Sinhala Only policy shows the Tamil cunning because what type of Tamils would write to Britain asking them to encode caste into legislative enactments and objected to the seating directive for previously even after allowing lowcaste Tamils to study in schools and enter kovils ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬”…” these children had to sit on the floor. Now TNAƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s nominee Wigneswaran joins a coterie that claims to want an exclusive Tamil Homeland to look after their own ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬”…” when they historically objected to their own people getting education and even entering kovils!!! We wonder whether the Resolutions of Vaddukodai by the TULF and the calls for Tamil Eelam is really meant to go back to times where the elite can once more rule over the low-castes and now question how far Sri LankaƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s Tamils wish to continue to be manipulated and monopolized by their own community now that they are also educated and possessing wealth?

The TNA that sat silent for decades as LTTE enforced its own judicial system, banking, education, state functions, naval and air force, health services, civil police force, ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ…-human rightsƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬, radio stations, television stations issuing its own stamps, coins and now its gearing into action to take over from where LTTE left off. The TNA was voted into parliament by the LTTE facilitating its election victory and if Sambanthan claims to have also been under LTTE radar it was only because LTTE would not tolerate any TNA member going against its creed which TNA was well aware of. Sivanesan, Joseph Pararajasingham and Raviraj as well as Amirthalingam and over 200 other learned Tamils put to death by LTTE was enough to keep Tamils under fear psychosis including the TNA if it attempted to over-step LTTE goals.

The same fear scenario prevailed even amongst the Tamil Diaspora which is why the utopian in the sky transnational government of Tamil Eelam was formed in 2010 after PrabakaranƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s demise. TGTE would never have been formed had LTTE or Prabakaran been alive. So now a host of Tamil groups forming themselves AFTER LTTE collapse are carrying on the same separatist agenda for that is where the cash, perks and political power lie for THEMSELVES. TNA gearing into action post-LTTE defeat exposes its cunning and it is high time the majority Tamils wake up to break away from becoming a pawn for a second wave of calamities.

It is time that Tamils now ask themselves whether they are to continue to align with TNAƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s separatist agenda visible in its election manifestos.

No Tamil can claim to wish to live as Sri Lankans if they vote for a party that desires to create a Tamil Homeland with territorial integrity, inalienable right to self-determination of a Tamil Nation.

No Tamil should forget that the Sri Lankan Armed forces sacrificed their lives to save 195,000 Tamil civilians and it is they who must oppose the present calls for the removal of the armed forces from the North. Did the armed forces ever treat Tamils as the LTTE had during the height of its defacto rule? TNA was living in Colombo protected by Sinhala guards, Colombo Tamils feared to travel to the North so both these entities have no right to be talking on behalf of the Tamils who were living and suffering amongst the LTTE.

TGTE thinks it can create a government in the sky and then lobby foreign governments to draw fictitious boundaries in Sri Lanka when Tamils in Sri Lanka does not know what TGTE stands for, what its leader looks like or probably havenƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢t even heard of TGTE though foreign governments think otherwise. How many Tamils have also heard of the Democratic Norwegian Council of Eelam Tamils, or the Swiss Council of Eelam Tamils, Maison du Tamil Eelam, National Council of Canadian Tamils though the British Tamil Forum, the Global Tamil Forum as well as the Tamil Youth Organization are regularly having links and deals with foreign parliamentarians and heads of international organizations. It is within this same club of conspirators that notorious entities have been caught and found guilty of sponsoring terror and fundraising on behalf of terror. It is amongst this same club gathering that the TNA finds friendships and travels miles to deliver speeches and addresses its memberships.

What would any Government or nation have to say about parliamentarians delivering speeches or addressing groups that are associated with terror, that help fund terror, raised sponsorships for terror, helped buy arms and ammunition to kill innocent people and manipulated the weaknesses of integrity-less foreign parliamentarians ever ready to use their office to acknowledge and promote them through their Governments?

shanali1 shanali2

Chrishanthakumar Arunachalam aka Shanthan is officially the Chairman of the British Tamil Association while also the UK LTTE Coordinator operating from London taking over from Kitty (the country supposed to have banned the LTTE since 2001) though he has organized many cultural events, sports festivals and charities that are registered and unregistered duping foreigners and Tamils into contributing whilst also running the pro-LTTE website registered under ShanthanƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s address. Does the UK Government care that the website violates British Terrorism Act ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬”…” apparently it does not! Shanthan was eventually arrested in 2007 by Scotland Yard with Golden Lambert and charged on 6 accounts under UK terrorism act but released and rearrested in 2008

When Shanthan is affiliated to the United Tamil Organization, International Federation of Tamils, Action Group of Tamil Asylum Seekers ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬”…” all front organizations in the UK what business does the TNA have with him and these organizations?

A question also posed to the TNA is what sponsorship shopping was its 2 leaders Sambanthan and Sumanthiran indulging in Canada as well as holding talks with US State Department just days ahead of Navi Pillay ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬”…” UNHRC heads arrival in Sri Lanka and the Northern Provincial elections as well as ahead of CHOGM an event that Sri Lanka was naƒÆ’†’¯ve enough to fall for without questioning why a former colony should celebrate the colonial atrocities of the British and organizers have humiliated the nation further by pulling a discarded Queen Victoria to polish!

This is not the first or probably the last time that the TNA has flown to Canada and delivered speeches on behalf of pro-LTTE organizations openly raising funds in these foreign nations under the very eyes of foreign Governments who preach one thing and practice something else. When foreign governments in their own letterheads describe TNA as a pro-LTTE political party is there anything else we need to elaborate on?

When TNA leaders Sambanthan and Sumanthiran are hosted for dinner at 90 Nolan Cort, Jasmin Banquet hall, Scaborough, TorontoƒÆ’-¡  where the gathering including representatives of National Council of Canadian Tamils, Canadian Tamil Congress, Transnational Government of Tamil Eelam, Tamil Lawyers Association, Canadian Tamil Traders Union and other Tamil organizations all working for a separate state would the TNA speeches have been asking other than echoing the same separatist sentiments?


Usha Sri Skandarajah ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬”…” TGTE Member


ƒÆ’-¡ David Poobalapillai ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬”…” CTC


Tamil Eelam ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬”…” Is it for the Diaspora living happily as foreign citizens?

What foreign passport holders would want to create a separate Tamil nation to which they are unlikely to come and reside? Are Tamils in Sri Lanka naƒÆ’†’¯ve to not wonder for what reasons they are making separatist calls that only contribute towards distrust amongst the rest of the communities? Would a country knowing what it was like to live with terror not fear that the present calls for separatism no different to what the LTTE made may again lead to taking their freedom away from them? Do Tamils now living happily, those able to travel freely want their people to contribute to the disunity and continue to divide people while they are happily living in foreign climes? These are questions that Tamils living in Colombo, the North, the East and throughout Sri Lanka should seriously ponder over. It is in the hands of the Tamils to put their foot down and say no more ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬”…” the Tamils were kept silent by the gun but today there is no gun to silence them so it behoves Tamils to ensure that the Diaspora elements are not allowed to dictate how they live through remote controlling from overseas ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬”…” Tamils in Sri Lanka deserve far better treatment for it is they who suffered while the Diaspora were enjoying life using the LTTE kitty.

Sri Lankan Government needs to take legal action against the TNA

For far too long the TNA has misled the Tamil people and contributed towards the disunity of the nation. They stand guilty of using parliamentary privileges to hide behind their separatist goals for which they have openly aligned with pro-LTTE groups. Foreign Governments have themselves described the TNA as a pro-LTTE organization and sufficient evidence prevails to prove so. The election manifesto of the TNA suffices to prove that the TNA is seeking the same objective as the LTTE and that is a violation of Sri LankaƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s Constitution.

If the TNA has been violating Sri LankaƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s Constitution what have Sri LankaƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s Governments done about it?

The public do not wish to be pawns of another calamity because Sri LankaƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s Governments want to end up in the good books of foreign governments that are pressing buttons to upstage them from political power. It is the welfare of the country that must take center stage and not the political future of politicians. Therefore, it is time that the TNA was read out the provisions of Sri LankaƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s Constitution under the 6thƒÆ’-¡ Amendment, Article 157A specifically prohibits any violation of Sri LankaƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s territorial integrity.

Article 157A (1) says that No person, shall directly or indirectly, in or outside Sri Lanka, support, espouse, promote, finance, encourage or advocate the establishment of a separate State within the territory of Sri Lanka.ƒÆ’-¡ (What were Sri LankaƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s politicians and public officials doing all these years especially the legal advisors when this provision clearly halts them from agreeing to anything that compromises the Constitution?)

Article 157 (2) says that NO political party or other association or organization shall have as one of its aims or objects the establishment of a separate State within the territory of Sri lanka.ƒÆ’-¡ (Why has no Government taken action against not only the TNA as a political party but against scores of foreign funded organizations that have been directly and indirectly working towards separating Sri Lanka?)

Article 157 (3) says that ANY person who acts in contravention of the provisions of paragraph (1) shall, on conviction by the Court of Appeal, after trial on indictment and according to such procedure as may be prescribed by law ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬”…” face the following consequences as punishment.

a)ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ have their civic rights removed for a period of 7 years

b)ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ forfeit their movable and immovable property other than that which is needed to sustain their family and self

c)ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ not be entitled to civic rights for no more than 7 years

d)ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ if a Member of Parliament cease to be such a Member

Article 157 (4) also states that if a political party, association or organization that seeks to establish a separate State in Sri Lanka ANY PERSON can make an application to the Supreme Court to declare that such a political party/association or organization has as its objectives the aim to separate and the Secretary of the political party/association or organization shall be a respondent to such an application (it is time Sri Lankans filed applications against all political parties/ associations and organizations openly and covertly attempting to separate Sri lanka)

Article 157 (5) If the Supreme Court accepts the application the political party/association or organization can be deemed to be proscribed. If a political party as in the case of the TNA, who are MPs they shall be deemed to have vacated his seat in Parliament with effect from the date of declaration and nomination papers submitted by the political party/association/organization shall be deemed INVALIDƒÆ’-¡ (This raises the question of whether TNA can actually contest even the Northern Province elections!)

Moreover under the Seventh Schedule to Article 157A and Article 161 (d) (iii) an oath of allegiance to the Sri Lankan State is required to be taken.

The Oath reads asƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ…-I …………………………do solemnly declare and affirm / swear that I will uphold and defend the Constitution of the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka and that I will not, directly or indirectly, in or outside Sri Lanka, support, espouse, promote, finance, encourage or advocate the establishment of a separate State within the territory of Sri Lanka.”

The TULF walked out in 1983 refusing to take the oath and Anandasangaree walked out with them, this was the same Anandasangaree who wrote that the ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ…-ƒÆ’-¡ TNA, as the first and the worst enemy of the Tamil People.ƒÆ’-¡ They should take full responsibility, among many other matters, for the loss of several thousands of lives and for causing injuries for many more.ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬¦. All have become paupers now. They will find hardly anything left when they return to their homes one day. All these or atleast 90 % of these could have been saved and total displacement could have been avoided if only the TNA had the forethought to advise the LTTE to release the people from their grip, to go anywhere they liked. TheƒÆ’-¡ TNA is blamed for this because, when everyone, every organization, every country, the EU, the UN etc. had made this request specifically, only the TNA kept on asking for the war to stop.ƒÆ’-¡ When the 8000 students who sat for the G.C.E(O/L) exam were taken away for compulsory training by the LTTE the TNA kept mum. Some of them are now deadƒÆ’-¡ and others are under detention by the Government.ƒÆ’-¡ Where are the children and grand-children of the TNA MPs.ƒÆ’-¡ Will the TNA at least now tell the world as to what happened to the students at Sencholai. ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬¦.ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ…-Who areƒÆ’-¡ these gentleman of the TNAƒÆ’-¡ now wanting to form an alliance with the DTNA. TheyƒÆ’-¡ are the people whom the LTTE elected to represent them in parliament fraudulentlyƒÆ’-¡ andƒÆ’-¡ it is they who unashamedly claimed the LTTE as the sole representatives of the people.ƒÆ’-¡ The LTTE is no more and hence they do not need any representation in Parliament. Under the Present circumstances the most honourable action the TNA can take or must do is to quit parliament without clinging on to that office. Neither the PLOTE nor the EPRLF (Pathmanabha) gave any indication to Mr. Srikantha who met me by appointment and the other two by accident.ƒÆ’-¡ As for me I will not touch the TNA even with a ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ…-poleƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬.ƒÆ’-¡ The dead, the injured and those living in the IDP camps deprived of all their rights will not pardon us if we have any deal with them. The TNA should not under-estimate our alliance partners who cannot be bought over with a mayor-ship or with any membership in Parliament as they sold themselves in April 2004. ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬¦.ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ…-For five years I fought a lone battle, amidst threat to my life, unbearable humiliations etc. I was also christened as a ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ…-traitorƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬. I now feel exonerated. Let the souls of the dead haunting our homes bless me and not curse me.ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ Now the man who officially issued the above statement in 2009 has decided to put his eggs with the TNA. What else is there for us to say?

It is time to read to the TNA Sri LankaƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s 6thƒÆ’-¡ Amendment ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬”…” it is time to get ALL MPs to read out the Oath of Allegiance as well as for of Sri LankaƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s citizenry to take a similar oath. We must guard and protect the sovereignty and territorial integrity of our nation ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬”…” it is a country that all the communities must live in without the threats of terror, incursions or foreign invasions of whatever kind.



Exchanging real estate, power and religion for worthless titles Conversion of Prince Vijaya Pala

August 17th, 2013

ACSLU Essays on Unethical Conversion

The Portuguese were able to bring undue influence on a number of members of the Royal households of Kotte, Sitavaka and Kandy to embrace Christianity. This was done largely by way of missionary education, which was directed by political considerations. >From the early period of Portuguese presence we learn that King Bhuvanakabahu was able to avoid being converted though Franciscan friars applied much pressure on him to do so. But he was unable to prevent missionaries from gaining intimate access to his court. Missionaries tutored his grandson Dharmapala, which finally resulted in him being baptized.Likewise in the Kandyan Kingdom, Vikrama Bahu’s son the feeble minded Jayavira was converted and Jayavira’s daughter Dona Catherina was brought up from her infant days by missionaries. King Senerat who married Dona Catherina after the death of her first husband Wimala Dharma Suriya, was liberal minded but lacking in far sight. He allowed their children, mostly at the request of his wife Queen Dona Catherina, to be instructed by Franciscan priests. It had a denationalizing effect at least on some of the children. The classic example is Prince Vijaya Pala. The conversion of Prince Vijaya Pala to Christianity reveals deep – seated strategies of Portuguese State and Church policy to turn members of Sinhalese Royal families away from Buddhism.

King Senerat chose his youngest son Maha Astana (later known as Rajasinghe II) to succeed him in the Kanda Uda Rata over riding the claims of the latter’s elder brothers, Kumara Sinha and Vijaya Pala. Senarat was aware of the pre-disposition of young Vijaya Pala towards things Portuguese. Vijaya Pala himself acknowledges this inclination in his correspondence to the Viceroy of Goa as follows: ” .. I was born with a strong predilection for the Portuguese nation. In my earliest days greatly to the satisfaction of the Queen my mother, there was assigned to me as Mestre the Padre Frey Francisco Negrao, who taught me to read and write. Under his instructions I learnt very good customs and etiquette and some special habits which Royal persons employ. Though I am a Chingala by blood I am a Portuguese in my ways and affections” (83)

Vijaya Pala then laments bitterly saying ” that this is the chief reason for my losing my Kingdom, treasures, the Queen my wife, my son, and all that I possessed.” (84)

In another letter Vijaya Pala says ” I have no confidence in my own people’ (85) Paul E. Peiris referring to the above statements of Vijaya Pala says ” A more saddening confession it is not easy to imagine; his pride of race and country were destroyed, and in place of the fervid patriotism which alone befitted a Prince of the Royal family in this, the long drawn out death agony of his people, was substituted an ape like imitation of Portuguese habits and ways of thought” (86) Vijaya Pala harbouring a bitter dispute with his brother Rajasinghe crossed over to the Portuguese side seeking military assistance to overthrow his brother and gain the Kingdom of Kandy for himself. The Portuguese instead detained him in Colombo and later took him to Goa where Vijaya Pala came under intense pressure to convert. He was baptized on December 8, 1646 at a ceremony held at the Church of Sao Francisco and given a new name ‘ Dom Theodosio ‘ (87). The Viceroy of Goa ceremoniously crowned him as the new ‘Emperor of Candia’(88). But he was not allowed to leave Goa.(89)

His entourage altogether totaling 94 persons including Generals of his army, four princes of the Royal family, his Ambassador were also baptized on the same day.(90)

The reason why Vijaya Pala was not allowed to return to Matale, his abode, has been based on an order given by the Portuguese King to his officials in the mission fields that ” if by any means or chance any King or Prince, Gentile fall into our power, he should not be allowed to return to his territories to continue in their rites and ceremonies” (91) Instead such Princes should be persuaded to receive the water of Holy Baptism (92).

Vijaya Pala died in 1654 in Goa as a highly disappointed broken man – a victim of crass stupidity and denationalizing missionary education that finally had the effect of pushing him to desert his country, cross over to the enemy, denounce his race, betray his religion and ultimately give up his Sinhala birth name for the sake of an alien Portuguese name.

In fairness to Vijaya Pala he was not alone among the ruling classes of this country during the long colonial period who found resounding honorifics from foreign conquerors as acceptable a compensation for the loss of the reality of power.

Repression of Buddhism in Sri Lanka by the Portuguese (1505 – 1658)By Senaka Weeraratna (June 12, 2005)

40,000 killed in last phase of war? Gota challenges UN to produce evidence Issues to be raised with Navi Pillay

August 17th, 2013

By Shamindra Ferdinando Courtesy Island

August 17, 2013, 7:27 pm
Defence Secretary Gotabhaya Rajapaksa yesterday challenged the UN to furnish evidence relating to the main war crimes allegation that 40,000 persons allegedly disappeared during the final phase of the war in early 2009. He emphasized that none of those propagating war crimes allegations, including the UN, had so far revealed the basis of their accusations.

In a brief interview with The Sunday Island, Rajapaksa said the government intended to take up the issue with United Nations Human Rights Commissioner (UNHRC) Navanethem Pillay scheduled to visit Sri Lanka later this month. The UN should without further delay divulge data to justify the ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ”¹…”Report of the Secretary GeneralƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s Panel of Experts on Accountability in Sri LankaƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢, the Defence Secretary said.

The Defence Secretary asked whether any country accused of disappearances in such a scale would accept the Panel of ExpertsƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢ recommendation that its ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ”¹…”sourcesƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢ would remain classified for 20 years since the release of the report on March 31, 2011.

According to the report, the three panelists, Marzuki Darusman (Indonesia), Steven R. Ratner (US) and Yasmin Sooka (South Africa) had received over 4,000 submissions from 2,300 persons in response to a notice posted on the UN website on Oct 27, 2010.

The Defence Secretary said that the refusal to name sources on the basis of confidentiality of the Panel of ExpertsƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢ records meant such a report/evidence couldnƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢t be acceptable in any court of law or special investigative mechanism. He pointed out that disclosure of credible sources would strengthen ongoing efforts to haul Sri Lanka before an international war crimes inquiry. Hence the UN shouldnƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢t hesitate to do away with confidentiality clause.

Rajapaksa said that a comprehensive survey conducted by the government in the Northern region at the conclusion of the conflict placed the number of dead and missing during the final phase at 7,400 and 2,600, respectively. The 7,400 dead included those who died fighting for the LTTE, he said.

Responding to a query, the outspoken official said of the 2,600 missing, 1,600 had been with the LTTE, whereas only 438 disappeared in areas under military control. The Defence Secretary insisted that there had been only in 28 cases in which security forces were directly blamed for the disappearances.

The death toll figure as reported by the government is consistent with an early UN estimate. Rajapaksa made the point that Tamils carried out the Northern survey hence there couldnƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢t be any allegations that it was manipulated by the government.

Asked whether the survey carried out by the Department of Census and Statistics could be substantiated, the Secretary said that every case could be verified. He said: “The UN can furnish data to disapprove our findings. It can lift the embargo on oral and written submissions received by the Panel of Experts to coincide with Ms PillayƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s visit. There cannot be a better time to humiliate Sri Lanka.”

He pointed out that the Amnesty International in a special report titled ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ”¹…”When will they get justice? Failures of Sri LankaƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s Lessons Learnt and Reconciliation CommissionƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢ published in 2011 estimated the number of civilians killed at 10,000.

The Defence Secretary said that a debate on human rights in the Indian subcontinent in September last year in the House of Commons highlighted the irresponsibility of those making war crimes accusations.

Long standing LTTE supporter Siobhain McDonagh (Mitcham and Morden) (Labour) told the House of Commons on Sept. 15 that Sri LankaƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s war, in its last five months alone, had claimed the lives of 100,000 people, 40,000 of them civilians.

Rajapaksa said that a section of the international community was engaged in a numbers game targeting Sri Lanka. In fact, the UN mission in Colombo had been fully aware what was going on in the Vanni region, he said.

Those running the UN mission here at that time went to the extent of conducting secret negotiations with the LTTE when Tamil UN workers were detained at the behest of Prabhakaran for helping Tamil civilians to escape the fighting.

“This was in early 2007. The UN can easily examine those who played ball with the LTTE at that time. The detention of UN workers by the LTTE was raised in New York,” he pointed out.

The UN never revealed who authorized secret contact with the LTTE to secure the release of workers, the Defence Secretary said, claiming that the war would have ended years ago if the UN ensured the LTTE adhered with an agreement not to recruit children.

The Defence Secretary recalled the finalization of the tripartite agreement among the GoSL, UN and the LTTE way back in 1998 with the then UN Special Envoy Olara Otunu playing a major role. The global community should examine UN operations here during the conflict to ensure that such grave errors wouldnƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢t be repeated elsewhere, he said.

Remember and take lessons from British colonial history and not white wash or censor it

August 17th, 2013

Some reading material

1) Queen Victoria

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

2)ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡  Queen Victoria And The British Crown Win The Prize

3)ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡  Commonwealth Games. Aboriginal Genocide, QEII & British War Crimes

4)ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡  Great Famine (Ireland)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

5)ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡  Royal Wedding, Censorship, Holocaust Commission
And Holocaust Denial

ƒÆ’-¡ By Dr Gideon Polya

6)ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡  1857 British Raj atrocity exposed – from 1.8 bn victim Indian Holocaust to 10 bn First World Climate Genocide

7)ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡  7)ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡  Indigenous Genocide, Climate Genocide And Holocaust Denial


By Dr Gideon Polya 12 May, 2009

British Indian Genocide (post-invasion excess deaths 0.6 billion, 1757-1837; 0.5 billion, 1837-1901 under Queen Victoria; 0.4 billion, 1901-1947, and 1.5 billion in all – or 1.8 billion if you include the so-called Native States of the British Raj).

8)ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡  Did the British commit genocide in Ireland?

I visited the Irish famine memorial in Dublin, very moving, but there was never a mention of how the English contributed to the genocide. I did learn that Queen Victoria only donated 1,000 pounds to feed the starving Irish while the the impoverished American Indian’s (The Choctaw Nation) raised over $700 to help the dying Irish.

If this university research is true (1) history needs to be revised and perhaps EnglandƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s Queen Victoria should be listed as one of the greatest mass murderers in history, right behind Chairman Mao.

President Rajapaksa declares open the Wahalkada at Tissamaharama Raja Maha Viharaya.

August 17th, 2013

ƒÆ’-¡ By Janaka Alahapperuma

ƒÆ’-¡ President Mahinda Rajapaksa declared open the Wahalkada at the Tissamaharama Raja Maha Viharaya, which was constructed in memory of their deceased parents, father D. A. Rajapaksa and mother Dandina Samarasinghe Dissanayaka, this evening on 16 August. ƒÆ’-¡ The President accompanied with Speaker Chamal Rajapaksa and Parliamentarian Namal Rajapaksa representing Rajapaksa family at the ceremony. They also engaged in performing religious observances at the Viharaya.
Chief Incumbent of the Viharaya, Venerable Dr. Devalegama Dhammasena Nayaka Thero bestowed blessings on the President and the Rajapaksa family and delivered the main sermon. The President has also presided over a ceremony to hand over certificates to those who have successfully completed courses at the Vocational Training Centre of the Raja Maha Viharaya.

President Mahinda Rajapaksa also paid homage to Sri Sumedharama Piriven Viharaya in Nagarawewa, Tissapura in Hambantota. The President participated the ceremony as the Chief Guest to declare open the Bodhi Prakaraya, Shrine Room and Wahalkada at the Piriven Viharaya. The constructions have been carried out by the soldiers of the 12th Battalion of the Sri Lanka Army under the leadership of Brigadier Nandana Senadheera. After the religious observations Chief Incumbent of the Sri Sumedharama Piriven Viharaya, Venerable Panamure Sunanda Nayaka Thero bestowed blessings on the President. A large crowd flocked to the area to witness the both occasions. The President also had cordial discussions with the devotees and locals who visited the temples.

Guwahati Scribes defy militantƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s diktat on I-Day

August 17th, 2013


Guwahati: The city based scribes and patriotic citizens have once again shown their defiance to the militantƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s diktat on IndiaƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s 67th Independence Day with unfurling the National flag in a festive atmosphere. As declared in advance, the nationalistic scribe and citizens paid homage to hundred thousand martyrs of IndiaƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s Freedom Struggle on August 15 saluting the Tricolour in Guwahati Press Club campus.

A number of armed separatist outfits based in northeast India asked the citizens of the land-locked region to keep away from any kind of celebrations on the occasion of I-Day and they even called for a general strike on the day. But countering the militantƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s order, the Guwahatians in a large number poured in for the I-Day celebrations across the city.


Following the flag hoisting ceremony, the participants also took out a procession on the streets of the city shouting patriotic slogans,where many kids also joined in it with Tricolours on their hands.
JournalistsƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢ Forum Assam (JFA), in an earlier appeal to the people of the region urged to defy the militants' diktat and celebrate the auspicious day. The JFA argued that a number of martyrs from Assam
including Kanaklata Barua, Mukunda Kakoti, Kushal Konwar, Tilak Deka, Bhogeswari Phukanani, Nidhanu Rajbangshi, Kamala Miri, Lerela Boro, Madan Barman, Rauta Kachari, Hemoram Patar, Gunavi Bordoloi, Thagi
Sut, Balaram Sut etc laid down their lives for the honour of the Tricolour during the British rule over India. The observation of I-Day in the press club was attended by many senior
journalists including Rupam Barua, Hiten Mahanta, Ranen Kumar Goswami, Pramod Kalita, Anup Sarma, Prasanta Majumder, Mukul Kalita, Sabita Lahkar, Rubi B Das, DN Singh, Pranabjit Doloi  with patriotic citizens
like Ajay Dutta, Dhiren Barua, Jagadindra Raichoudhury, Kishor Giri,JP Saikia, Kailash Sarma, Pradip Thakuria, BR Das, Purabi Barua, SujitGuha, Kartik Choudhury etc.

Unfurling the National flag in the press club, journalist N. Thakuria argued that it is the duty of each and every Indian to salute the Tricolour as the flag is a priceless property of the citizens. ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ…-Saluting the Tricolour we actually pay our heartiest tributes to those martyrs who made supreme sacrifice for us. If we disobey our martyrs of freedom struggle, we can no longer survive as a Nation with pride and self-esteem. Moreover, an ungrateful Nation to its own martyrs can not maintain its sovereignty for a longer period,ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ said


When Buddhism is caught between the Abrahamic religions (the Church and Islam)

August 16th, 2013

Shenali D Waduge

An important factor has been overlooked. ƒÆ’-¡ Islam and the Generic Church have been pursuing world conquest and domination through control of territory and people while Judaism has pursued the goal of dominating world affairs (directly and indirectly) by controlling all world capital. All 3 religions are pursuing a historically mandated predatory global agenda but this time round the quest to conquest non-Abrahamic territories for the Church is planned to be bloodless, ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ…-legitimateƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ using the pan-national/international structures and ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ…-liberalƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ politically correct idioms while Islam proposes to use its weapon of birth and conversions and Judaism controls the wealth. That these People of the Book are destined to clash in what is said to be a clash of civilizations is unfolding before our very eyes. Where does that leave a compassionate philosophy such as Buddhism?

The power houses are distinct. The slogans are too obvious ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬”…” the Church and Colonials would not give up what they enjoyed without far sight. Thus, their ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ…-weaponsƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ became human rights slogans, liberal theories of democracy, freedom of religion, multiculturalism and individualism all based on Western Christian virtues to be applied in both international and local affairs. Slavery part of Christian colonial rule was quickly replaced by the Bretton Woods bandits in 1944 with a system of world trade monopoly (IMF and World Bank) able to devalue national currencies and further steal their wealth. IMF is in European hands while World Bank is under US control and together both steer world trade, dictate terms on how countries should enable access to natural resources and markets and if we thought slavery was over they created the slave labor deployment across continents inventing immigration.

It is also not hard to guess where the money flow prevails, where the illicit trades thrive and originate and how Abrahamic miracles can make banks collapse and recover from economic crises. The latest calls are for post-nation state (borderless states), humanitarian interventions, self-determination, open markets for free flow of capital which needless to say articulates the plan to take over non-Abrahamic territories. Religious freedoms in turn are subtle ways to push for religious conversions that only Abrahamic religions promote.

Yet, domination plots does bring clashes between Abrahamic religions themselves and we see how Islam has openly challenged Christian West that are waking up to the incursions brought about using its very norms despite the WestƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s War on Terror meant to arm and keep Muslims busy at loggerheads with their own. Fundamentalism began with the Abrahamic religions making monsters out of ordinary people and its curse continues.

The Hindus have been effectively euthanized and they do not seem to even identify their enemy in either format of Abrahamic faith that have torn apart India. Indian nationalism has to be led by Hindus.

The Buddhist world in comparison has been far more astute and alert and aware of the dynamics at play and the historical ramifications that contribute to the present impasse.

Clash of civilizations

Samuel Huntington spoke in 1993 about a cultural conflict based on civilization identity. Huntington separated world civilizations into 2 camps ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬”…” Western civilization (European and North American) and Islamic (Arab, Turkic and Malay subdivisions). A clash running through 14 centuries.

History is witness to Persians invading Europe to conquer Greeks in the 5thc BC. Alexander the Great of Greece attempted to conquer Asia in the 4thc B.C. The Persians and Greeks both set up colonial empires after militarily invading nations. The Romans invaded and put up colonies in Mesopotamia, Arabia (northwest), Assyria in 2ndc A.D. Then there were the Huns, the Goths, the Avars from Western Asia, Central Asia and China between 5th-7thc A.D. The Avars from China and Mongolia surrounded Constantinople in 626AD.ƒÆ’-¡ 

In 624AD Mohammed plotted against a Meccan caravan killing 70. Within 2 years from 630AD led by Mohammed, Muslims had conquered Western Arabia, southern Palestine after dozens of invasions called ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ…-Holy WarsƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬”…” Crusades were not the First Holy War. Prophet Mohammed died in 632, the new Muslim caliph Abu Bakr launched Islam. This led toƒÆ’-¡  almost 1500 years of Islamic imperialism against hundreds of nations covering more territory than the British Empire (southern France to Philippines, Austria to Nigeria, Central Asia to New Guinea). Islamic law, Arabic language, Islam prevailed and whereas the West adopted Divide and Rule, the Islamists divided people as Muslims and Non-Muslims. Both Islam and the Church objective was to convert natives a goal that has not changed. Between the two they had set up laws that served their goals and objectives regardless of indigenous natives, their culture, their laws or their religion. Both stand guilty of ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ…-bloodyƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ pursuits whether they happened 1500 years back or in the present context. History shows that natives had to either concede and convert or exit.

The examples to nullify claims of equality is shown through history ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬”…” Muslim Turkey expelled 1.5m Greeks and massacred 2million Armenians, Muslim Turkey also displaced Greeks when they invaded Cyprus, Muslim Sudan has slowly conquered South Sudan virtually enslaving its Christian population, we also are aware of the plight of Christians in Nigeria, Macedonia, non-Islamic western New Guinea is now incorporated into Indonesia, Muslim Indonesia has conquered Christian East Timor and there are also examples of Muslims invading their own lands ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬”…” Iraq invasion of Kuwait, Iraq invasion of Iran. Then again the reverse also happens as in the case of Serbia and Bosnia where Muslims bore the brunt,

What we see is a historical animosity between the 3 Abrahamic religions but why have they now targeted non-Abrahamic religions? If we accept that part of the wars taking place as a result of the war industry seeking to reap benefits have been specifically targeted at Muslim nations to use sectarian divides to get Muslims to kill their own, the Christian ploy has worked to perfection. But, why drag peaceful religions like Buddhism into the fold?

It is the warrior-mentality of the Abrahamic religions that have nurtured the belief that oneƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s objectives can be reached by hook or by crook whilst they also advocate dialogue professing their hypocrisy.

Nevertheless, it is obvious and the diplomatic innuendoes do not hide the fact that Abrahamic religions are reaching out to conquer non-Abrahamic territory and Buddhist Asia is now the target.

The next question is do the non-Abrahamic religions especially Buddhism simply wait and allow a repetition of what took place over centuries? Do they simply sit and watch Buddhist nations become converted into either Christian or Islamic ones? Are Buddhists the guilty lot for striking alarm bells simply because they want to protect their indigenous culture and ethos while allowing other religions to exist? Abrahamic religions do not realize that their domination equates to mean ONLY the prevalence of their faith giving no respect to others as history has shown ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬”…” this is not the case with Buddhism. Do Abrahamic religions not realize that it is they who are the wrong-doers? Has statistics not shown that calamities have been subtly used by Christian west to enter nations through various bodies and entities and to spread their faith leading to entire coastal belts now being converted ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬”…” India is the perfect example. Has Muslims who previously lived amongst natives peacefully have now suddenly created majority Muslim enclaves and attempted to turn the entire area to suit Muslims only ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬”…” mosques, loudspeakers, sharia, halal labeling, animal slaughter totally insensitive to the beliefs of other cultures and religions? These factors did not exist previously. Muslims did not dress in tribal wear, their women did not cover their face from head to toe (in non-Muslim majority nations), they did not demand separate labeling of food because they purchased meat from people they knew ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬”…” what is suddenly bringing on these new set of demands and habits, if it is new it cant be part of the religion of Islam?

More importantly, all the critics pointing fingers need to realize that when Buddhists are objecting to sudden changes in living habits and sudden demands being made it is not to victimize the Muslims that have been living amongst them, it is only to showcase that these new incursions are creating a bridge and it is upto them to remove that which is dividing the communities.

There are enough of examples to show how the public live in unity ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬”…” where different religions are allowed to practice their faiths and where people respect the traditions that come down from generation to generation ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬”…” it is when suddenly a religion tries to dominate and apply only its religious creed to the rest of the people that people begin to wonder what is going on and notice the new wave of incursions taking place. No Muslims demanded mosques in Buddhist sacred sites, no Muslims attempted to distort history, no Muslims attempted undermine the place of Buddhism that had been historically held over centuries ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬”…” these factors are taking place now and this is the issue.

Buddhists do not want to take over lands or invade nations ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬”…” they never have, Buddhists do not convert or celebrate conversions or even remunerate people for converting others to Buddhism ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬”…” this is not the case with Abrahamic religions. Any peaceful living is obstructed when the element of conversion and the celebration of converting exists. This is why the playing field is always imbalanced and against religions like Buddhism and Hinduism.

When Buddhists of Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Vietnam, Cambodia, Thailand and the like profess fears of losing the Buddhist identity and culture it is most certainly not to exclude the existing religions of others but what cannot be ignored is that the 2 existing religions of Christianity and Islam are always seeking to either dominate through diplomacy, economy or through population and conversions. In Muslim nations in particular whatever non-Muslim natives existed has now diminished to shocking numbers ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬”…” either they have had to convert to survive or they have left the country they lived in for sheer survival. Nigeria and Sudan are two good examples. Whereas, even in non-Muslim nations the Muslims have never seen a decline ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬”…” their populations have increased steadily at levels exceeding that of the rest of the population ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬”…” calculate that with time to be able to formulate why Britain, France, EU and other nations are likely to have Muslim majorities in decades to come and when that happens the scenario of what Nigeria is going through naturally comes to mind and people fear for their existence because there are no fatwas or Holy orders issued against others in Buddhism. Is this scenario very difficult for critics even the media to realize and empathize with?

What are the defenses against these truths ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬”…” dialogue and negotiations and interfaith programs or multiculturalism do not answer or do not even wish to address this fact. So long as there is an objective to convert people or to take over nations by birth boosting it is natural that Buddhists and Hindus are likely to fear for their existence. ƒÆ’-¡ 

The obvious showdown between the Abrahamic religions is predicted ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬”…” but is it really necessary. We are not living in tribal times. People are not warriors ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬”…” they are educated and learned and should be acting different to how the men of the Crusades functioned. Do we really need more bloodshed in order to make oneƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s faith prevail ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬”…” in a quest for world domination? No one needs to convert to Buddhism but in this day and age where the world does not need any more wars and conflicts and needs instead more compassion and respect for all others including all sentient beings and where diminishing natural resources means that man needs to curtail his/her inner greed for material wealth ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬”…” Buddhism affords that self-journey for truth. We do not need any clash of civilization nor should people of these faiths encourage such. As eventual participants people of the Abrahamic faiths must be aware of becoming pawns and now itself decide to not be part of such a global catastrophe ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬”…” in ancient times the weapons used are nothing compared to the nuclear arsenal that the countries destined to clash are in possession of. This is why the onus is on the disciples of the Abrahamic faith to not fall prey.



Can the Catholic Church ever have a national consciousness?

August 16th, 2013

By Mario Perera, Kadawata

ƒÆ’-¡ First and foremost let me define the terms so as not to get lost in the fog that could ensue from this discussion. People talk of the Cardinal, the bishops, the bishopsƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢ conference, priests and also of the faithful as all being the contents of one and the same basket. Let me make it clear at the outset that the Catholic Church is ESSENTIALLY its hierarchy, meaning the ruling elite generally described in Sri Lanka as the bishopsƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢ conference which includes the cardinal.
Now what exactly is the hierarchy? Most basically it is the group that has undergone what is termed as ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ”¹…”sacerdotal ordinationƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢. This group has been taken from among the faithful (meaning the baptized) and set apart for things that ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ”¹…”pertain to GODƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢. It is from this group that the Pope, the cardinals and the bishops are chosen. From among these three categories only two really count, meaning the pope and the bishops. The cardinals are an advisory unit mostly chosen from among bishops. The foundation of the papacy and bishoprics is the same as that of all sacerdotal ordained priests.
Catholic theology has built further on that foundation of ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ”¹…”ordinationƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢. It has found necessary to grapple with the concepts of ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ”¹…”Plenitude of ordinationƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢ and ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ”¹…”sharingƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢ of ordination. Ordinary priests are ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ”¹…”share holdersƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢ of ordination. Bishops are recipients of its plenitude. The pope is a bishop originally called the bishop of Rome. However he is not a bishop like the countless others. His bishopric is once again ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ”¹…”essentially different from that of other bishops. He is not a ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ”¹…”primus inter paresƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢ (the first among equals). He is ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ”¹…”over and beyondƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢ the other bishops. He is ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ”¹…”essentiallyƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢ another.
The word ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ”¹…”essentiallyƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢ in Catholic jargon could be well translated by the phrase ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ”¹…”over and beyondƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢. The formula ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ”¹…”over and beyondƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢ also means ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ”¹…”over space and timeƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢, which in turn means over and beyond the human mind to unravel. The lacuna of rationality being overwhelming some reason is nevertheless introduced into it. Blaise Pascal the French thinker said: the heart has reasons that reason does not know of.ƒÆ’-¡  It is said of the pope that his rule is over space and time, his throne the hearts of men. So it all clicks together: the ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ”¹…”essentialƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢, the ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ”¹…”over and beyondƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢, the ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ”¹…”over space and timeƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢ ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬”…” is an ensemble held together by reasons that reason does not know of but only the heart does. The Catholic Church is built on reasons that reason does not know but only the heart does. For the heart as we know, everything that shines is gold.
Now what is this ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ”¹…”over and beyondƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢, this ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ”¹…”over space and timeƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢? It is sometimes mentioned as being a PLACE, namely heaven or the Kingdom of God. It is at other times and more preponderantly clarified in one word, ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ”¹…”God. Where does this corner stone of Catholicism which is ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ”¹…”ordinationƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢ link up with God? Ordination assimilates its holder to the divine. This assimilation is ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ”¹…”essentiallyƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢ different from priest to bishop and from bishop to pope (the concept ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ”¹…”essentiallyƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢ it must be remembered means ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ”¹…”beyond reasonƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢ but acceptable to reasons of the heart). This assimilation is complete with the pope. In fact a pope even declared: who else can I be BUT GOD.
Now where does this ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ”¹…”over space and timeƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢ or ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ”¹…”the Kingdom of GodƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢ or purely and simply ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ”¹…”GodƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢ link up with space and time? This link is attributed to words of Jesus: Thy Kingdom come, Thy will be done ON EARTH as it is in heaven. From this it is clear that the men who are assimilated to God in varying degrees are also automatically by that same fact, rulers of the Earth. Furthermore in accomplishing ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ”¹…”the will of GodƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢ so that ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ”¹…”His Kingdom comeƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢, the Catholic Church, meaning the ordained ones, the rulers, enjoy total immunity and impunity: The gates of hell shall not prevail against you. What you bind on earth shall be bound in heaven and what you loosen on earth shall be loosened also in Heaven.
There is a vital question that issues from this labyrinth of reasoning. Where do ordinary believers fit into this scheme of the divine? They really form the ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ”¹…”bottom rungƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢ in that assimilation with God, which is akin more to a caste system than a feudal system. A case in point that props up in my mind is that of ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ”¹…”untouchablesƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢. Gandhi used the compensatory phrase ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ”¹…”harijanƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢ or children of God. Perhaps he was influenced by Catholic usage. The lower most rung of Catholicism, the simple believer is termed a ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ”¹…”child of God. The simple Catholics or the ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ”¹…”children of GodƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢ are these on whom those with higher assimilations to God impose reasons for upholding the structure that reason itself does not know. The ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ”¹…”children of GodƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢ then are those ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ”¹…”simple of heartƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢. The simple of heart are children. Hence the declaration that the Kingdom of God is for children.
If we travel down the highways and byways of ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ”¹…”Sri LankaƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s history the image we have of the Catholic Church is an image of self centeredness and cocksureness. It always acted in a way they proclaimed to be the ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ”¹…”will of GodƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢, a will that first and foremost strengthened the theologically constructed structural ladder of the Church. To maintain that structure under the guise of the will of God, the Catholic Church opposed free education. It held on to its denominational schools to the bitter end. It opposed the election of SWRD and Sirima whom it perceived as being threats to the Church structure. It always achieved those ends by indoctrinating the ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ”¹…”children of GodƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢ the glorified untouchables of the religion. The UNP of that time relied heavily on the Church. The UNP was completely pro-West as was the Church (the final and enduring bastion of the European absolute monarchy) and the Church became a Pro UNP force.
Now we see the Church supporting the Government in its commitment to the 13A. Before the LLRC the Cardinal and all other bishops and priests upheld all the Tamil demands, including the amalgamation of the North and East, and the Traditional homeland theory. The question has been asked why? It is because the Catholic Church has absolutely no attachment to the territorial integrity of Sri Lanka. Its kingdom is above space and time, its throne is sweetly and simply the hearts of men, the gullible base who are the ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ”¹…”children of GodƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢.
There is however an apparent hitch. The infamous S.J Emmanuel, one assimilated to God through his ordination, declared paradoxically that he was Tamil before he became Christian. Later a Sinhalese priest, a lawyer by formation living in England, took the opposite view and declared himself to be Sinhalese before being a Catholic. Both these attitudes are against the strict Catholic tenet being the doctrine of ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ”¹…”ordinationƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢ and assimilation to God. Had that Sinhala priest lived in Sri Lanka, the hierarchy, meaning the ruling body, the cardinal and bishops, would have clamped down on him, simply for being Sinhalese, while letting Emmanuel go scot free.
This brief study of the nature, the ethos, the orientation and aspirations of the Catholic Church, is to demonstrate that the term principally designates the ruling body or those assimilated to the divine by sacerdotal ordination. Why this overt, blatant and shameless preponderant pull in favour of the Tamils? Why this overlooking of the heresies (including the declaration that suicide bombers are Catholic martyrs) propagated by Emmanuel happily enthroned in his status as a priest of the Kingdom of God for ever? It is because the Catholic Church could not permit a break within its structure. It is easer for the hierarchy to clamp down on recalcitrant Sinhala priest and silence and subdue them than do the same with the Tamil hierarchy who would simply have told them to go to hell. For the Catholic Church Ealam is a lesser evil that a major split in is own ranks. Furthermore The Sinhala member of the hierarchy lose nothing by toeing the Tamil line. The cardinal will always be offered a presiding throne in the Jaffna cathedral. Tamil Catholics will always flock to churches be the celebrant Tamil or Sinhala. Just watch the Sinhala throngs that invade Madhu the fiefdom of recognized Ealamist Rayappu Joseph.
The ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ”¹…”children of GodƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢ motivated by reasons the heart has which reason does not have will uphold the structure of the ordained ones on either side of the Sinhala-Tamil divide. In short the Catholic Church has absolutely nothing to lose by the dismemberment of Sri Lanka. Its rule is ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ”¹…”over space and timeƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢ and ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ”¹…”its throne the hearts of menƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢. For the Catholic hierarchy there is only one unitary state that matters, the kingdom of God. The will of God is that this kingdom be installed on earth as it is in heaven. Wherever this kingdom be installed call it Ealam or any other, the Catholic hierarchy by divine right of sacerdotal ordination with its structural ladder, will hold sway over it and its members will always have their exalted place within it. Just watch Tamil Nadu Catholic priests unfurl and display their tails like peacocks at the Kachchiativu Catholic festival. The Catholic Church will support the 13A with all its pernicious consequences and ramifications because what matters for it is the unitary kingdom of God within which its hierarchy will always remain rulers of the hearts of the ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ”¹…”Children of GodƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢.
The answer therefore to the question: Can the Catholic Church ever have a national consciousness? is self evident . The answer is a resounding and earth shattering ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ”¹…”NOƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢. We now also know clearly and tangibly where MRs leanings lie. What he is pushing through, the 13 A is a colonial agenda. This Sinhala Buddhist nation reduced to its pitiful and impotent condition can indeed say with W.S.Senior: My scepter is long departed, and the stranger Lord instead.
Mario Perera, Kadawata

Racism and Bigotry on TIME – Is journalism the new soft terror?

August 16th, 2013

Samuel Brewstaer

TIME is known for their extremist view of developing nations and world Buddhists. The following examples, which amount to a tiny portion from a very large list, will show without any doubt that TIME is corrupt, narrow-minded and racist.
Acting Like Bigots: Supporting Racism and Terror, and Attacking Developing Democracies
TIME has a track record for supporting suicide terrorists, audaciously pandering to liberal politicians and attacking developing democracies. They have no shame or a conscience.
TIME is not alone in its filthy and racist approach to so-called journalism. Google News, CBS, CNN, New York Times, BBC, Channel 4 UK, Guardian UK and ABC Australia share the same misguided and dim-witted approach. Is journalism the new soft terror? How did journalism become such a disgusting job?

Need cooking programmes to promote healthier diet and lifestyles among University students.

August 16th, 2013

Dr Hector PereraƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡  London

I started cooking while I was attending University because I didnƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢t like at all these fast foods and takeaway foods. I will give the reasons as I go along. Then I discovered that food was not just nourishment for the body, but also that cooking was balm to the wounded soul.

There are a few pretty straight forward recipes, I cooked these when I was a student, I cook them still. They are designed for ease and comfort. How many students eat pasta, spaghetti, rice, chicken curries and vegetable curries? When I said the word, ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ”¹…”curryƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢ it does not meant to be hot, just spiced or spices added to their own taste. I know many students just dump pizzas, precooked packed food into microwave or to oven than cooking. That may be due to lack of cooking knowledge, confidence of cooking or due to pressure of time. I quite agree there is no harm to have an occasional treat of so called junk food but sure not on regular basis, then you are asking for trouble.

The Advanced level or A2 results are out on 15th August and many thousands of students are looking forward to start the new life in UK Universities. The current students in UK Universities are lack of confidence of cooking on their own because when they lived at home with the parents, they depended on them to provide with cooked food. They were dreaming to come to a University and now when they do, then other problems come up. One of the main problems is eating, whether to cook and eat or eat takeaways?

Your parents want the food you eat at college to be healthy, nutritious and filling. You want the food you eat to be quick, cheap and tasty. Can there ever be a middle ground? Surely there must be something you can put in your mouth that doesn’t eat into valuable essay-writing time nor dissolve into additive-laden sludge on contact with saliva?

It is widely accepted that a poor diet has plenty of implications on health. Poor food habits are associated with an increased risk of health problems later on in life. High levels of salt, saturated fat and sugar in ones diet contribute to the development of chronic illnesses such as obesity, non-insulin dependent diabetes, and cardiovascular disease, CVD (Ha & Caine Bish, 2009; House, Su & Levy-Milne, 2006)

Poor dietary practices in students such as these may be In England, obesity alone was estimated costing the National Health Service (NHS) ƒÆ’-¡£4.2 billion in 2007 with the cost spiralling to an estimated ƒÆ’-¡£6.3 billion in 2015 (Martin, 2008).

Evidence from several studies suggest on average, undergraduate students commonly consume unhealthy diets high in salt, saturated fat and sugar and low in fruit and vegetables.

These findings support the need of an educational intervention in cooking to promote healthier diet and lifestyles. Poor dietary practices in students such as these may be due to a lack of confidence to cook, low skill levels, poor knowledge of food.

My energy saving scientific cooking

For years I have been cooking at home based on my energy saving scientific technique. I am sure my kind of cooking certainly would help these University students to cook at the University flats or in wherever they live. I have to understand these students have arrived after hard competitive studies. Now they are in University, they have no time to waste on long process of complicated cooking.

I have witnessed so many famous and even celebrity cooks give cooking demonstrations in the TV; actually these programmes are more entertaining than educational. They sometimes cook rushing, even running; sometimes shouting at the other helpers, toss the food in air, may be just to show off. For these cooks, thatƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s entertaining than cooking. Most of the times, either the food fuming with oil and spices and sometimes these escaping volatile vapours catches the cooking pans or sometimes they purposely set fire to the cooking pans. I am sure they have their own reasons to cook that way and show off their expertise to the public, certainly would not help these young graduates, they assume cooking is too difficult.

I have noticed these cooks do not give any scientific explanations at any stage of cooking, may be because they are unaware of the scientific explanations. They have the experience but they havenƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢t explained, why they cut the food into small pieces for example onions, carrots and tomatoes or even fish and chicken. What happens when they mix the ingredients, spices with the food they intend to cook? What chemical and physical changes as the foods are cooked?

I am sure these University students are quite knowledgeable to understand some of my scientific explanations such as area of reactions increases, rates of reactions are faster with the increase of surface areas. When the ingredients are mixed for example with fish or chicken, some chemicals adsorp, some absorb when there are intermolecular and intramolecular reactions taking place even at room temperature. The word adsorp means stays the surface and for all these I call chemi-sorption. The foods are bad conductors of heat so they have to be gradually cooked than subjecting to sudden changes of temperature. The escaping volatile oil droplets and vapours from spices, likely to condense once they lose the kinetic energy or settles on colder surfaces. If someone cooks on steaming hot things on the fire, would you not agree some of these volatile vapours deposit on them? Would you think these young girls and boys in the Universities would like to walk around and to their lectures with these food smells or sometimes I called CHICKEN COLOGN OR CURRY COLOGNS on them? Actually they deposit all over on their face, hair, clothes then on hands. No wonder they are tempted to eat junks than cooking that way.

I certainly cook differently, scientifically, energy saving and also with time saving.ƒÆ’-¡  I have a feeling these methods are absolutely helpful to these University students who need to cook and eat than depending on unhealthy junk foods.

Please let me remind that I still have my challenge but this time it is ƒÆ’-¡£30,000 yes thirty thousand. If any scientist, an environmentalist or energy saving expert could disprove my scientific technique to say that my method doesnƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢t save energy then I would give away that challenge money. On the contrary, according to science every action has an equal and opposite reaction so what reward would I get if I proved my ideas? I suggest someone to give me a chance to show these University students, my kind of scientific energy saving cooking ideas so that these University students get the confidence of healthy home cooking, cook economically also learn how to save energy scientifically. I was lucky to achieve British University education; I wish I could help these University students to cook confidently.ƒÆ’-¡  Any comments please


August 15th, 2013

By GOMIN DAYASRI ƒÆ’-¡  ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ 

ƒÆ’-¡ Butch Cassidy and Sundance Kid may take seats as honorable members of Parliament. Even an aged Pamela Anderson or Cameron Diaz could walk away with parliamentary pensions.

ƒÆ’-¡ Mervyn Silva and Duminda de Silva entered the precincts of Parliament legitimately as easy riders.ƒÆ’-¡  Elected – overwhelmingly by the choice of the people. Those electors are not from backward Wanni or from the backwoods of Monaragala: indeed from the two most literate and sophisticated districts of Gampaha and Colombo. Intriguing.

ƒÆ’-¡ In a long list of candidates Duminda de Silva secured spot No 2 in Colombo and Mervyn Silva slotted in to No 3 in Gampaha. Can they retain the focal points at the next election? Those voting for them are a distance away from the niceties of democracy.ƒÆ’-¡  That vote individually is insignificant but collectively add on to a boisterous bawdy majority.

ƒÆ’-¡ Barbie doll like parliamentarian Upeksha Swarnamali and Provincial Councillor Anarkali Arkashi gets elected comfortably on good looks and pretty pictorials. Novice Upeka Swarnamali appealed passionately to the UNP voters that they returned her to Spot 2 on the UNP list in Gampaha district ahead of a pack of known heavy weights – Karu Jayasuriya, Jayalath Jayawardane and John Amaratunga. In a list of names provided on a ballot paper, Beauty come before Beast – without a care, tick a box to select a sweet someone; instead of marking a cross as a preference for a legislator.ƒÆ’-¡  No wonder Mrs. World is a decorative fixture of permanancy in Parliament! Any Miss. Sri Lanka is an eligible candidate in waiting or wanting.

ƒÆ’-¡ Their popularity extends beyond party frontiers. Their acceptability with the electorate crosses party lines where crisscrossing is a parliamentary prerogative ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬”…” in this charmed circle some stand elected on shades of green and blue at one time or another. They are visually ravished or depicted despicably in the media; but those who elect them or the political parties that select them, donƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢tƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢ give a hoot.ƒÆ’-¡ 

ƒÆ’-¡ Leaders know the electorate they cater. There is a common ground rule ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬”…” nomination is given to any candidate that can collect the most number of votes to obtain more places for other candidates to enter parliament from the party. Tricksters and pranksters, gangsters to mobsters are included. Piling the ballot box with the popular vote is the name of the sport. Political parties realize their nominees potential in gathering votes or garnering crowds for political shows. That counts more than the morals preached. Still, for the record, it is the votes at a free and fair election that are counted. People in a Democracy get the candidates they desire and deserve elected. Two cheers for such weird democracy for which civil rights adherents desperately agitate and crave for more.

ƒÆ’-¡  We have enjoyed universal franchise from the time of the Donoughmore Commission in 1931 and proudly claim over 80% registered cast their vote at the last general election. When the electorate was less erudite the peasants of Anuradhapura repeatedly elected their former Government Agent popular Briton H.R. Freeman as their representative in preference to all the Sinhala candidates for the State Council. Is such foreseen now?

ƒÆ’-¡ The 13th Amendment if placed for a vote-how will it fare? ItƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s a contentious issue that strikes the middle class urban elite. Rural voters have a passing illusion of an issue repeatedly harped on radio and television but are indifferent since its contents are beyond their comprehension. Simplified and frilled with, it will come alive, if it is tempered with patriotism or nationalism. With whom will they swing? After eliminating terrorism President Rajapakse is associated with the notion that he knows best in securing territorial integrity: itƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s the easy way out when a subject is unknown. Follow a trusted leader and rely on his judgment. Sri Lankans stay with the known devil- most Presidents comfortably secure an extended term. To swing them around, issues must personally hurt the majority. Otherwise we are a forgiving and forgetting nation that lives mostly for the moment.

ƒÆ’-¡ Does it mean itƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s a goon vote – not necessarily as the vote has been strategically exercised to rid of governments comprehensively. Sri Lankans are stoic – can take a hard beating but place them against the wall for the pounding, they will come back hard fighting. War against terrorism displayed it to the maximum – the response of a tolerant society that took much lying down, taxed to the hilt, staged a great comeback to trounce terrorism. Hurt them hard economically that is the sour turning point in politics.ƒÆ’-¡  A middle income newly emerging nation has greater endurance to grin and bear in times of hardship.

ƒÆ’-¡  Attachment to a political party is often hereditary: in the villages, families are identified with their political coloration that goes down generations. Switches are often associated with the elected representatives to safeguard their perks, so they join the ruling junta. Faithful stick to their faith irrespective of the swing artistes. Migrant population to the cities has much influence on their village cousins in the new equation. Hand phone carries the message from the town to the village rapidly. Many a temporary dweller in the city has his vote registered in the village and itƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s a long trek back home to vote. For many itƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s like going home for New Year festivities. Opinion makers in the cities are gradually getting their views transmitted to the rural voter than before – with it the distance between the urban and rural thinking progressively narrows with fast roads

ƒÆ’-¡ Impact of triumphing over terrorism is fast fading among the urban elite and esteemed ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬”…”those who suffered the least. But not so amongst the poor, peace brought a marked difference to their lives, an element of gratitude lingers on more latently. Not only is life more secure for their families: peace brought economic blessing as hundreds of home sprung businesses flourished; engaged in occupations of an entrepreneurial nature, brought small fortunes to the house holds. Thousands of miniature billboards are sprouting on home gardens advertising skill and talents available for a price- from dressing brides to manicuring feet, video photos to fruit juice bars. There is money flowing in and out of those pockets. This is new vote bank of the expanding and emerging middle class.

ƒÆ’-¡ Democracy is retooled by the society it prevails over, and the period it pervades over.ƒÆ’-¡  Ultimately it is a tool in the grasp of the public to fashion it according to their life styles. Democracy sits beneath the People. ItƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s not a silent vote in Sri Lanka but a vote that talks without giving a hearing.

The Real Truth About The Weliveriya Incidents Points Not To Army Excesses But A Distortion Of Facts Conveniently Concocted By Enemies Of The State.

August 15th, 2013

Insight By Sunil Kumar

August 15th 2013
Perhaps the time is right to set the record straight after so much anguish, wanton loss of life and so many accusations against the Government and the Armed ForcesƒÆ’-¡  that the core issue is as follows.ƒÆ’-¡  Researchers have found that it had simply to do withƒÆ’-¡  a supply of drinking water contaminated by toxins seeping into the ground waterƒÆ’-¡  that supplied it from a large manufacturing concern in the vicinity and the only liabilities resting on the Administration had to do with not responding post haste to correct the problem.

What followed subsequently was mayhem instigated mostly by enemies of the state and all theƒÆ’-¡  Anti- Government predatorial sources within Sri Lanka waiting for just such an opportunity to unleash a campaign of hate mongering and innuendo which fomented a small uprising of villagers who chose to go on a rampage against authority where the Army had to step in to restore law and order as events started to augment and there was an air of mounting civil unrest which had to be quelled.

While there are sufficient maleficient sources within present day Sri Lanka including a few incumbent foreign missions and NGO’s hell bent of bringing disrepute to the GOSL they probably never had a better opportunity than thisƒÆ’-¡  to heave speculative mistrust on an Administration that would realistically be impotent had it deliberately orchetrated the means ~ the only means according to many who evaluated the situation rationally and impartially as it was authority that was set upon and authority that was restored albeit at times with draconian means where water cannons and tear gas alone may have sufficed.Who ever gave the directive to fire live bullets into an unruly crowd may have had his imagination fired by all the civil unrest transpiring around the globe today but that was totally wrong and needs investigation but the world should rest assured that it was not an Administrative directive as some would like to paint and here the issue gets to be somewhat complicated.

What followed obviously to quote Defence Ministry Sources appropriately is that “ƒÆ’-¡  It has become a habit to politicize selective events, but ignore core issue. Before everyone is conveniently taken off track by politicized versions what needs to be reiterated is that the key issue was water. The people took to the streets because of water. Why are fingers not pointed the authorities ?” ~ authorities in the proper context could well mean the authorities responsible for the management of water in the area as well as the authorities responsible for dumping contaminated manufacturing effluent in a dangerous and irresponsibleƒÆ’-¡  manner to infiltrate the drinking supply of a fair sized town and here the issue rests!

In this respect the Defence Ministry has also cited further that ” for this issue regarding water- why has the water been shoved into the background? From the commentaries that abound, the shift is focused towards portraying the impression that the Sri Lankan military purposely went armed to fire upon “unarmed” civilians, drawing parallels with the war efforts during May 2009. If we are to accept this stretch of imagination would the army “intentionally” kill only three? Using that very stretch of imagination would the OIC Weliweriya and eight soldiers also have injured themselves when the protesters were very much unarmed and peaceful? Moreover, how could the Defense Ministry, which is accused of giving orders to shoot at unarmed civilians, have given such an order when Defense Secretary himself was convening a meeting at the Defense Ministry with all the stakeholders on 1 August 2013 from 3p.m to 6:30p.m? Let us look at some of the questions that need to be answered before drawing up biased conclusions.” which bear rank testimony to the reality that a grave error of omissionƒÆ’-¡  has transpiredƒÆ’-¡  and there are many relate issues that now need solving despite the tragic loss of life and personal injury notwithstanding the most important issue of poisoned drinking water .

The following excerpt from the Defence Ministry ReportƒÆ’-¡  points to the salient reality that there was much more than whatƒÆ’-¡  met the common eye behind the scenarios that transpired in Weliweriya on this fateful day and it helps to put in proper perspectiven the realities of it all. It is also an implicit evaluation of circumstantial evidence impartially made towards assuring a Nation in unrest that every effort needs to be taken towards resolution which the Administration should now make a foremost priority of if it already has not been initiated.

Defence Ministry Report

Causes of water pollution?

Top on this list is a simple question. How many readers are aware that the factory in question has been in operation at the same venue for 18 years? How many complaints have been made against the factory? They have been lodged with the public authorities or the police, but did they take action? Why did the factory itself not attempt to do its own investigation to prove its innocence? If so where are findings? After 18 years the protesters had taken to the streets to demonstrate against the factory for polluting the water. And more importantly is it the factory whose waste is polluting the drinking water or is there some other reason? The universities of Moratuwa, Peradeniya and Kelaniya, the Water and Drainage Board, the Geology and Mines Bureau, Engineering Dept, Central Environmental Authority have all been tasked to find out the cause for water pollution.

Attempts to burn factory

We now focus on the behavior of the protesting villagers. The defamatory statements that abound across electronic and print media over the entire issue have conveniently left out a very important news item. Why was it not reported that on July 26, the day prior to the initial road protests, some people had attempted to burn the factory? The Weliweriya police had requested Chief of Defense Staff (CDS) to provide adequate security by the army applying provisions of the special gazette notification 1722/17 of 2011/09/06 which gives approval for the security forces to be used to maintain peace. Now this clearly explains why the army was present at the scene well before the protests commenced. It also conveys that the army had in no way prevented democratic demonstrations. The representatives of the villagers had attended a meeting organized by the Gampaha District secretary on July 30. They were not satisfied with the outcome which eventually led to the meeting of both parties at the Defense Ministry on August 1. All parties amicably deciding that the factory would temporarily close until the reports on the water contamination was received and drinking water would be provided by bowsers.

Dispersing crowds

The golden question is if the villagers of Rathupaswela after hearing of the arrangements made on August 1 decided to disperse and return home why did the protesters of the other villagers not do the same? Rathupaswela village was the most affected by the water pollution while Weliweriya town was not. Who were spurring these villagers to turn violent and who were the groups drawing the crowds from behind and were these really villagers? What objective would any protesters aspire to achieve by taking their protests to other areas? How or who galvanized 5000 protesters after 18 years of silence? What is also left out by media is the fact that 100 employees were sacked over a trade union dispute not long before the water controversy and it is alleged that they were also involved in spurring the villagers against the factory. There is a possibility of army deserters also being involved.

Protesters unarmed?

How can we justify the description that the protesters were “unarmed”? Former ambassadors and foreign funded local entities now pointing fingers should answer the question whether any person exercising the fundamental and democratic right to demonstrate is entitled to carry any type of item that may harm others? If the army has to explain why they carried AK-47s, the protesters need to explain how they came into possession of glass bottles containing petrol or sand. We can safely say that the protesters were not “peaceful” they were not “unarmed”. Why is the impression being given that the law enforcement authorities did not use water cannons, tear gas and even rubber bullets – all these methods of crowd controlling were used but they didn’t get the attention of the media!

Can people speculate further and wonder what would have happened if the police and army had not been present? Would these “unarmed, peaceful protesters” have taken over the petrol shed and started going on the rampage destroying property? Attempt to grab soldiers’ weapons?

Why would these “unarmed” protesters attempt to forcefully grab the guns of the soldiers and what if they did in fact cease a few guns? What would have been the outcome if guns had fallen into the hands of those “unarmed” protesters who did not know how to shoot, but tried to shoot? Moreover, the army is alleging that they had seen gun shots being fired from within the crowd. This immediately raises questions of whether army deserters were also involved. We shall know in the future what type of protesters actually ended up mingling with the real villagers in what probably seems an attempt to hijack the situation and turn it into a ‘Sri Lankan Spring’.

Do we remember two other incidents in the past (Katunayake in 2011 and Negombo in 2012) where protesters had provoked police into taking action against them which left several dead. We can conclude that situations have been hijacked by vested groups that have turned the situation into a crisis – 1971, 1983, 1989 are best examples. Luckily, the mother of the 17-year-old youth was wise enough to ask the media not to make a spectacle of her son’s death and incite more violence. The people pointing fingers appear to make the Sri Lankan public feel that it is only in Sri Lanka that democratic demonstrations cannot happen. They also wish to show that it is only in Sri Lanka that the rule of law does not prevail. Take a good look at how the Arab Spring evolved which has now led to total anarchy in these countries.

In 2011, the England riots took place. The UK police had shot an unarmed black man which led to protests. These incidents led to looting and burning. It was referred to as the “English spring”. The US had its share of the “Occupy Wall Street” protests and the latest was following the murder of Trayvon Martin. Protests, riots are certainly looking to be the new international spring movement gathering momentum.

No life can be valued in terms of money. There is no better country than Sri Lanka to know this fact with scores of civilians having being made pawns for three decades by previous Governments who had used terrorism for political benefits. The attempts to tarnish the image of the army are obvious. People who never had anything nice to say about the armed forces when they sacrificed 27,000 of their lives to save Tamil civilians (the Mavil Aru crisis is also remembered here) will naturally aim to pin point the blame on the law enforcement of the country. There was never any intention to kill civilians.

Nevertheless, it is obvious that Weliweriya will be used by those who want a regime change, giving no value to the truth. The people should not fall for fabrications formulated by sources engaged in attempting to split the nation. What needs to be reiterated is that NO ONE died inside the Church, NO ONE was shot inside the Church. Three youth died, but the third youth from Gampola did not die of gunshot injuries. The army went towards the Church to disperse the crowd that had been pelting stones from behind the church. It was the army who had evacuated the injured who were armed due to pelting of stones. The injured were taken in the army ambulance to the Gampaha hospital. Even the youth who died, from injuries caused by the use of blunt objects, was taken in the ambulance. The most ridiculous allegation is that the Defense Ministry ordered the shooting when the Defense Secretary was with the stakeholders of the area discussing with them how best to arrive at an amicable solution. The situation turned violent from 5p.m. onwards. Would those at the meeting not have been witness to such an order to shoot if such a thing had taken place as alleged? The lies spread by even learned people should stop.

What needs to be done as priority is to first solve the drinking water issue, next we need to ascertain who were the culprits involved in hijacking the protests demanding water and of course how the three youth met with death.

What happened to the Proposed PSC on the 13 Amendment ?

August 15th, 2013

By Charles.S.Perera

ƒÆ’-¡ There was quite an excitement some where in mid July about taking a decision on the removal or removing certain provisions of the 13Amendment to the Constitution. PSC was appointed with the Minister Nimal Siripala De Silva in the Chair.ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡  ThenƒÆ’-¡  a decisionƒÆ’-¡  had been taken to call the views of the public on the issue.ƒÆ’-¡  The last date to receive the views of the public wasƒÆ’-¡  fixed for the 9th August, 2013.ƒÆ’-¡ 

ƒÆ’-¡ Since then nothing has been heard.ƒÆ’-¡  The elections for the Northern Provincial Council is to be held in September.ƒÆ’-¡  Therefore any decision with regard to the 13 Amendment has to be taken now.

ƒÆ’-¡ In the meantime there had been many events that have shifted the interest away from the 13th ƒÆ’-¡ Amendment.ƒÆ’-¡  But it is more important that a decision is taken on the issue without further delay. The opposition are getting ready to create a political ƒÆ’-¡ upheaval allowing the public interest in the 13 Amendment to lapse.

ƒÆ’-¡ There was recently an article in the Lanka Web by Chandrasena Pandithage warning the President of the dangers he is facing from many forces out to discredit the government and isolate the Country from the international scene, forcing the cancellation of the CHOGM, and to project Sri Lanka to the visiting UN High Commissioner of Human rights as a country violating the rights of the people, andƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡  where there is no freedom of worship, and where there is Communal strife. Not forgetting the TNAƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s all out effort to win the Northern Provincial Council Elections.

ƒÆ’-¡ There isƒÆ’-¡  a real danger to the life of the President and it is timely that he takes precautions as it is necessary that Sri Lanka has Mahinda Rajapakse as the President of Sri Lanka for some more time to come, along with his trusted Defence Secretary.ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ 

ƒÆ’-¡ There is a possible danger from CIA and the RAW.ƒÆ’-¡  CIA was able to change regimes with the presence in a country of only one of its Agents.ƒÆ’-¡  The President Premadasa was assassinated by a person who was very close to him and who had won his confidence.ƒÆ’-¡ 

ƒÆ’-¡ Therefore, it is wise that the President takes necessary safety measures.ƒÆ’-¡  The most dangerous period for the PresidentƒÆ’-¡  would be from now until the end of CHOGM.ƒÆ’-¡  TheƒÆ’-¡  smell of money makes even intelligent men fall to lowest levels.ƒÆ’-¡  The Tamil Diaspora has money to make people to do the dirtiest possible work.ƒÆ’-¡  We already see some intelligent people , intellectuals at that,ƒÆ’-¡  already carrying out propaganda for the TNA

ƒÆ’-¡ UNP is in the mean time signing MoUs with other opposition parties to topple the Government.ƒÆ’-¡  UNP is a failed political Party and even though thousands will turn up for manifestations they organise, UNP and the Opposition will not be able to topple the government by turning the ƒÆ’-¡ masses against the government.ƒÆ’-¡  In the hey days of LSSP andƒÆ’-¡  CP their meetings attracted the largest crowds, but at elections the people did not places their trust in them as much.

ƒÆ’-¡ But all that should be left aside ƒÆ’-¡ and turn the governmentƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s attention to what is more important. A decision to remove the 13 Amendment should be taken without further delay, without allowing other matters to take priority.



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