Why we “Say NO to Arjuna Mahendran”

June 17th, 2016

Rajith Keerthi Tennakoo Executive Director/CaFFE Executive Director/CHR-Sri Lanka Rajagiriya,Sri Lanka.

Anti-corruption Front (ACF) commenced “its Say No to Arjuna Mahendran” considering the chaos he was creating in the Central Bank of Sri Lanka and the overall financial sector by his blatant misuse of power and treasury deal scams. His actions have undermined the entire banking sector and thus have destabilized the entire economy.

ACF wrote to President Maithripala Sirisena earlier this week, highlighting the reasons for our opposition to Mahendran. These points are noted below.

  1. Mahendran has acted against the principals of good governance, which were the main selling points of the current administration. He was either directly or indirectly responsible for two controversial Treasury Bond auctions. In one instance, on 27 February 2015, there was an irregularity of Rs 6 billion and on the other there was an irregularity of Rs 7 billion.
  1. These irregularities were conducted with the collaboration of Perpetual Treasuries, a company which is owned by his nephew Arjun Aloysius.
  1. Mahendran is a citizen of Singapore (work Visa holder of Sri Lanka) and he has demonstrated that he is not able to fully commit to the service of Sri Lanka. Moreover given that he is not a citizen of the country he cannot uphold the artical 61 of the constitution which states that ‘A person appointed to any office referred to in this Chapter shall not enter upon the duties of his office until he takes and subscribes the oath or makes and subscribes the affirmation set out in the Fourth Schedule.” The fourth schedule states ‘”I ……………………………………………………. do solemnly declare and affirm / swear that I will faithfully perform the duties and discharge the functions of the office of …………………………………. in accordance with the Constitution of the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka and the law, and that I will be faithful to the Republic of Sri Lanka and that I will to the best of my ability uphold and defend the Constitution of the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka.”
  1. Mahendran held the position for close to 18 months. This was ample time for him to obtain Sri Lankan citizenship. However he has not done so and he has deliberately misled the President on his visa status.
  1. He has also violated the Monetary Law Act by benefitting from holding positions on private foreign companies while holding the position of the head of CBSL.
  1. Previously the CBSL followed the open tender process and direct consolidation process when obtaining credit for the government through issuing government bonds. But Mahendran introduced a system which has allowed Primary Dealers to manipulate interest rates, allowing them to amass massive wealth.
  1. Mahendran prevented the EPF, a government owned fund from acting as a primary dealer during the Treasury Bond and Treasury Bill auctions allowing a selected group of primary dealers and financial actors to create a monopoly in the market.
  1. Mahendran deliberately ensured that selected group of primary dealers and financial actors were able to sell bonds to the EPF in the secondary treasury bond market. This has caused a significant loss to the EPF.
  1. Mahendran took all these decisions arbitrarily without informing the Monetary Board, which is the highest body overseeing decisions relating to monetary policy.
  1. In the last 14 months, Mahendranwas outside the country for 140 days (most of the time on private visits).
  1. Abusing state resources. The Central Bank has had to pay for his 28 foreign trips, the maintenance of two residences (although his family lives in Singapore), and extravagant expenses during foreign travel, bending its regulations on funds for such expenses.

Mahendran is not a financial miracle maker, in fact he is the opposite of a miracle maker, he has been a disaster for the stability of Sri Lankan banking system. Moreover most of the Sri Lankans are aware of the behaviour of Mahendran and have opposed his governorship and his continued presence is an existential threat to the survival of the government. Central Bank has a number of Deputy Governors who have the potential of being excellent governors  and ACF believe that the President must NOT give him a new term, if he does not wish to see a financial collapse and the end of his government.

https://www.facebook.com/AntiCorruptionFrontSriLanka/

“Arjun is not Gandi nor Mandela. He is not J.R., how is hanging over on the wall of PM’s room.  He is not even a A.T.Ariyarathna.  So who want what………?”

Rajith Keerthi Tennakoon
Executive Director/CaFFE
Executive Director/CHR-Sri Lanka
100/19 A, Welikadawatta Road,
Rajagiriya,Sri Lanka.

බෙදුම්වාදය සමලිංගිකත්වය තහවුරු කරන ලාල් විජේනායක වාර්තාව

June 17th, 2016

මතුගම සෙනෙවිරුවන්   

ව්‍යවස්ථා ප්‍රතිසංස්කරණය උදෙසා රජය විසින් පත් කරන ලද ලාල්විජේනායක කමිටු වාර්තාව දැන නිකුත්ව තිබේ. එහි මූලික නිර්දේශයක් නම් අනාගමික රාජ්‍යයක් නිර්මාණය කිරීමයි.ආගමක් යනු ඇදහිල්ලකි. හින්දු දේව ඇදහිලි කිතුනු දෙවියන් අල්ලාහ් සමග ලෝකයේ දේශපාලනය ගැටගැසී තිබේ. රටක පාලකයා නොහොත් රජු දෙවියන්ගේ පුත්‍රයෙකු ලෙසට සැලකීමක්ද අතීතයේ විය. සූර්ය දිව්‍ය පුත්‍ර යනුවෙන් අතීත රාජ අභිධානයන් සැකසී තිබෙන්නේද ඒ නිසාය. වත්මන් ප්‍රජාතන්ත්‍රවාදී ව්‍යුහය තුළද මේ දේශපාලනික ආගමික සංකල්පය වඩාත් ශක්තිමත්ව ක්‍රියාත්මක වේ.මහා බ්‍රිතාන්‍ය ඊට උදාහරණයකි. ඇතැම් රාජ්‍ය ව්‍යවස්ථා තුළ රාජ්‍ය ආගම යනුවෙන් සඳහනක් තිබුණද ඒසේ නොමැති ව්‍යවස්ථාවන්ද ඇත. නමුත් ආගමික අර්ථයෙන් වත්මන් ප්‍රජාතන්ත්‍රීය රාජ්‍යයන්ද ආගමික පසුතලයක ක්‍රියාත්මක වේ. වි‍ශේෂයන්ම පාප්වරයාගේ බලපෑම මත ක්‍රියාත්මක වේ.නමුත් පල්ලියේ අඥාදයකත්වය නිසා පහළ ස්ථරයේ ජනතාවට විඳින්ට සිදුවූ ගැහැට නිසා පසුකාලයේදී යුරෝපය පුරා අනාගමික රජ්‍ය පිළිබඳ සංකල්පයන් ප්‍රචලිතව ගියේය.එම සංකල් මගින් එක්සත් ජාතීන්ගේ ප්‍රඥප්ති වලටද  බලපෑමක් එල්ල කර ඇත.

බුදුදහම ආගමක් නොවේ. හින්දු පදනම මත බුදු දහමේ නොයෙකුත් සංකල්පයන් ඇති වීමට පසුබිම සැකසුණද ආගමික රාජ්‍යයකට වඩා පුළුල් අර්ථ විග්‍රහයක් බෞද්ධ රාජ්‍යකට ඇත. නොයෙකුත් සංස්කෘතික බැඳීම් මගින් රාජ්‍යය ශක්තිමත්ව තිබීම ඓතිහාසික විකාශනය අනුව සහේතුක වේ. නමුත් ධර්මාශෝක අධිරාජ්‍යායාගේ බෞද්ධ දේශපාලනික සංකල්ප මත රාජ්‍යක පැවැත්මට මෙන්ම රජවරුන්ගේ පැවැත්මට මනා පදනමක් ඇති කර තිබුණි. ලංකාවේ ක්‍රියාත්මක වූයේද විශේෂයෙන් දශරාජධර්මය මගින් ශික්ෂණය ලබා දුන්නේද මේ සඳහාය. එම නිසා ඓතිහාසික සිංහල රාජ්‍යය ආගමික රාජ්‍යක් ලෙසට අර්ථ විග්‍රහ කිරීම වැරදි සහගතය. එය සැබවින්ම බෞද්ධ සංකල්ප හා මතවාද මගින් පාලනය වන ධාර්මික රාජ්‍යයකි. ලංකා ඉතිහාසයේ විවිධ යුග වලදී ඇතිවූ සතුරු ආක්‍රමණ හමුවේ මෙකී පාලන ක්‍රමය පවත්වා ගෙන යෑමට බාධා ඇති විය.එම නිසා සිංහල බෞද්ධ සංස්කෘතික හර  පද්ධතියකින් නිතරම රජ්‍යය ආරක්ෂා වුණි. සත්වන සියවසෙන් පමණ පසු ඇති වූ මහායාන සංස්කෘතික බලපෑම මධ්‍යයේ ඇතිවූ බෝධිසත්ව සංකල්පය මගින්ද  ලංකා රාජ්‍යය ශක්තිමත් වීමට පසුලලලබිම සකස් වුණි.

පෘතුගීසීන් ලන්දේසීන් සහ ඉංග්‍රීසීන් ගේ ආක්‍රමණ නිසා රටේ ස්වාධීනත්වය ක්‍රමයෙන් නැතිවූ බව අප දනිමු.  විශේෂයෙන්ම 1815 දී අත්සන් කරන ලද ගිවිසුම නිසා ලංකාව ආගමික රාජ්‍යක් ලෙසට පරිවර්තනය විය. God save The King යනුවෙන් ඉංගිරිසි පාඨයක් ඉංගිරිසි රජයේ සේවකයන් විසින් භාවිතා කලේ එහෙයිනි.නමුත් අප අතීතයේදී භවිතා කලේ පස්වාන් දහසකට බුදුවන්ඩ දේවයන් වහන්ස යනුවෙනි. වසර පන්දහසක් කල් පවතින බුද්ධ ශාසනය රැකීම පිණිස ධාර්මික රජයක් පැවතිය යුතු බව අපගේ කියවීම විය. සැබවින්ම අපගේ මේ පැරණි සංකල්ය ක්‍රමයෙන් අභාවයට පත් විය.1815 දී උඩරට ජන ප්‍රධානීන් විසින් එම ගිවිසුමට ඇතුලත් කරන ලද පස්වන වගන්තිය ප්‍රකාරව ඉංග්‍රීසි රජය කටයුතු කිරීම අත්හලේය.1948 දී අපට නිදහස යනුවෙන් පාලන බලයක් හිමිකර දෙන කල්හි ඉංග්‍රීසින් විසින් අනුදැන සිටි ආගමික රාජ්‍යය පවත්වාගෙන යෑමට පාලකයන්ට සිදු විය.ඩොනමෝර් ව්‍යවස්ථාවේ 29වන වගන්තිය මගින් ඒ තත්ත්වය තහවුරු විය.

නව ව්‍යවස්ථාවක් ලක් රජයට සාදා දීමට  කැබිනට්ටුව මගින් පසුගියදා ආචාර්ය ලාල් විජේනායක මහතාගේ සභාපතිත්වයෙන් කමිටුවක් පත් කලේය. කොමිෂන් පණත යටතේ එම පත්කිරීම නොකළ බැවින් එහි නීත්‍යානුකූල බව පිළිබඳ ප්‍රශ්ණ තිබුණද මාස කීපයක් තුළ මහජන අදහස් ලබාගෙන දැන් වාර්තාවක් නිකුත් කර තබේ. එහි ආගම යනු‍වෙන් විස්තර වන ඡෙදයෙහි. තිබෙන එක් නිර්දෙශයක් නම් ලංකාව අනාගමික රාජ්‍යක් කළ යුතු බවයි. ලොකයේ කොහි රටකවත් එම තත්ත්වය දක්නට නැති වුවද එය එලෙස දක්වා තිබේ. මට පෙනෙන ආකාරයට ඔවුන් එසේ සඳහන් කරන්නේ 1815 ගිවිසුම ප්‍රකාරවද 1972 ව්‍යවස්ථාව අනුවද තහවුරු කරන ලද බුද්ධශාසනය පිළිබඳ ප්‍රමුඛතාවය ඉවත් කිරීමටයි. එවිට ක්‍රමානුකූලව ලංකාව පාලනය කරන බටහිර රාජ්‍යයන් හි ආගමික භාවය ලංකාවට ආරෝපණය වේ.   මෙම වර්ෂයේ පෙබරවාරි මස 27 දින දාතමින් යුතුව ව්‍යවස්ථා ප්‍රතිසංස්කරණ පිළිබඳ මහජන අදහස් විමසීමේ කමිටුව වෙත මාගේ යෝජනා ඉදිරිපත් කිරීමට කටයුතු කළෙමි. එහිදී කමිටුවේ ලේකම් රංගා ජයසුන්දර මහත්මිය  විද්‍යුත් තැපෑලෙන් පිළිතුරු ලිපියක් එවමින් සඳහන් කරන ලද්දේ එම යෝජනා කමිටුවේ සැලකිල්ලට ලක් කිරීම පිණිස ඉදිරිපත් කරන ලද බවයි. නමුත් වාර්තාව නිකුත් කළ පසු එය පරීක්ෂා කිරීමේදී මාගේ යෝජනා සැලකිල්ලට ගෙන නොමැති බව පෙතී ගියේය. එසේම යෝජනා ඉදිරිපත් කළ අයගේ නාම ලැයිස්තුවේද මාගේ නම ඇතුලත් වී නොමැති බවද සඳහන් කළ යුතුය.මාගේ යෝජනා වල ප්‍රධාන කරුණක් වූයේ නවවන ව්‍යවස්ථාව පිළිබඳ සඳහන් කිරීමයි. එහි හැඳින්වීම මෙන්ම අර්ථ නිරූපණයන්ද වඩාත් ශක්තිමත්  විය යුතු බව මාගේ අදහස විය.එහි සඳහන් කරන ලද යෝජනා මෙලෙස විය.

ආගම -බුදු දහම ආගමක් නොවේ. එම නිසා බුද්ධාගම ගැන සඳහන් නවවන ව්‍යවස්ථාවේ හැඳින්වීම බුද්ධ ධර්මය, බුද්ධ ශාසනය සහ බෞද්ධ සංස්කෘතිය යනුවෙන් වෙනස් විය යුතුය.බුද්ධ ධර්මය ,බුද්ධ ශාසනය සහ බෞද්ධ සංස්කෘතිය සුරක්ෂිත කොට පෝෂණය කිරීම රාජ්‍ය යේ මූලික වගකීම වේ යනුවෙනන් එය සංශෝධනය විය යුතුය..

⋆බුද්ධ ශාසනය පිළිබඳ අර්ථ නිරූපණයක් අවශ්‍ය වේ. එසේම මූලික අයිතිවාසිකම් නීතියකින් හෝ වෙනත් නීතියකින් මෙම ව්‍යවස්ථාව දුර්වල නොකල යුතුය. පෙර සිරිත පරිදි භික්ෂූන් වහන්සේලා වෙනුවෙන් පනවන ලද විනය නීති පිළිගැනීමකට ලක් කල යුතුය. ඒ සඳහා මෙම ව්‍යවස්ථාව යටතේ ප්‍රතිපාදන පැනවිය යුතුය. ශාසනික පැවැත්ම තහවුරු කරලීම උදෙසා සංඝාධිකරණ පණතක අවශ්‍යතාවය මතුව ඇත. නමුත් එය රෝම ලන්දේසී නීතිය මගින් දුර්වල නොකළ යුතුය. පෙර සිරිතට අනුකූලව නීති සම්පාදනය ඉතා වැදගත් වේ.

⋆බෞද්ධ ප්‍රතිපත්ති සහ මූලධර්ම මත රටේ ආර්ථික සමාජීය දේහය ශක්තිමත් කල යුතුය.මෙම කරුණු මත පදනම් වූ රාජ්‍ය තන්ත්‍රයක් තහවුරු කරලීමට උත්තරීතර සංඝ මණ්ඩලයක් පිහිටුවිය යුතුය.

දේව ඇදහිලි සහ ආගම් –

උඩරට ගිවිසුමේ පස්වන වගන්තිය ප්‍රකාරව මෙරට පුරාණයේ සිට පැවති ඇදහිලි විශ්වාස ඇතුලත් දේවාගම්(ජන ආගම්) ආරක්ෂා කිරීමටත් එය වටා පවතින සංස්කෘතික තත්ත්වයන් ප්‍රවර්ධනය කිරීමටත් රජය බැඳී සිටී. නමුත් යුරෝපීයන්ගේ පැමිණීමෙන් පසු මෙරට ප්‍රචලිත වූ ආගම් සුරක්ෂිත කිරීමට හෝ ප්‍රවර්ධනය කිරීමට ව්‍යවස්ථාව තුළ ඉඩක් වෙන් නොකළ යුතුය. එහෙත් රට තුළ ජීවත් වන පුර වැසියන්ට තමන්ගේ ආගම් ඇදහීමට බාධාවක් නොකල යුතුය.ඒ නුමුත් බුද්ධ ශාසනයට හෝ බෞද්ධ සංස්කෘතියට එරෙහි යම් ආගමක් ව්‍යාප්ත වන්නේ නම් එය රට තුළින් ඉවත් කිරීමට සහ තහනම් කිරීමට ප්‍රතිපාදන ව්‍යවස්ථාව තුළ පැවතිය යුතුය.

රටපුරා විසිරී තිබෙන විහාරස්ථාන වල සිටින භික්ෂූන් වහන්සේලා බහුතරයක් මෙයට සමාන යෝජනා මෙම කමිටුවට ඉදිරිපත් කළ බවට නිසැකය. එයට හේතුව වර්තමාන ව්‍යවස්ථාවේ බුද්ධාගම යනුවෙන් සඳහන් ඡේදය හිස් පිටුවක් ලෙසට පැවතීමයි. අප  තර්ක කලේ එය වඩා අර්ථ ගැන්විය යුතු බවයි. මහා සංඝරත්නයේ යෝජනා යම් තරමකින් හෝ සඳහන් නොකිරීමට කමිටුව වග බලා ගෙන ඇත. නමුත් ලාල් විජේනායක කමිටුවේ ඇතැම් අය යෝජනා කොට ඇත්තේ බුද්ධාගම යනුවෙන් කියැවෙන හැඳින්වීම පවා වෙනස් කොට ආගම් යනුවෙන් සඳහන් කළ යුතු බවයි. එහිදී මෙම ලිපියේ පළමුව සඳහන් කොට ඇති පරිදි බදුදහම ආගමක් නොවන බව මෙම කමිටු සාමාජිකයන් හට අවබෝධයක් නොතිබෙන බව පෙනේ. එහිදි මෙම වාර්තා රචනයේදී ඔවුහු පවසන එක් වැදගත් කරුණක් තිබේ. එය මෙසේය.

අප පෞද්ගලිකව අනාගමික රාජ්‍යයකට කැමති නමුත් මහජනතාව ඉදිරිපත් කළ විවිධ අදහස් අනුව අපට පෙනී ගියේ වත්මන් ආණ්ඩුක්‍රම ව්‍යවස්ථාවේ මෙම වගන්ති වෙනස් කිරීම අනවශ්‍ය ගැටුමකට හේතුවක් විය හැකි බවත් එය ආණ්ඩු ක්‍රම ව්‍යවස්ථා සම්පාදන ක්‍රියාවලියට බලපෑ හැකි බවත්ය.සැබවින්ම මෙහිදී මෙම රචකයන් වඩාත් බිය වී ඇත්තේ මහනායක හිමි වරුන් ඇතුළු සිංහල බෞද්ධයන් මෙම ව්‍යවස්ථාවට විරුද්ධ වීමෙන් බෙදුම්වාදය ශක්තිමත් කරන ඉතිරි යෝජනාද  කුණු කූඩයට යෑමට ඉඩ ඇති බවයි. එහෙයින් ඔවුහු නව වන ව්‍යවස්ථාව වෙනස් කිරීම උදෙසා වන යෝජනා පරිස්සමින් පරිහරණය කරමින් නිර්දේශ ඉදිරිපත් කොට ඇත.නමුත් ජාතික කොඩිය වෙනස් කිරීම මෙන්ම ජනාධිපති ක්‍රමය වෙනස් කිරීම යන කාරණා වලදී කමිටුව නොබියව අදහස් ඉදිරිපත් කොට ඇති බව පෙනේ. අගමැති ප්‍රධාන වෙස්ට්මිනිස්ටර් පාලන තන්ත්‍රයක් ඇති කිරීම දෙමල හෝ මුස්ලිම් ප්‍රජාව නියෝජනය කරන උප ජනාධිපති ධූරයක් ඇති කිරීම යන කාරණා වලට විශේෂ තැනක් දෙමින් එමයෝජනා පැහැදිලි කරමින් මෙම කමිටුව ප්‍රබල ආකාරයට නිර්දේශ ඉදිරිපත් කොට ඇති බව පෙනේ.උතුර සහ නැගෙනහිර ප්‍රදේශවල සිංහල ජනයා පදිංචි කිරීමෙන් ජන අසමතුලිතතාවයක් ඇතිවූ බව මෙම වාර්තාවේ මහත් අභිරුචියෙන් සඳහන් කර ඇත. නමුත් දහසය වන සියවසෙන් පසු යාපනය සහ මඩකලපු ප්‍රදේශ වලින් එළවා දමන ලද සිංහල ජනගහනය පිළබඳ සඳහන් නොකිරීමට කමිටුව වගබලා ගෙන ඇත.( ටික්කම මහින්ද කුමාර මහතා යාපනයේදී සිය යෝජනා ඉදිරිපත් කරමින් මෙම සංගණන වාර්තා ලබාදී ඇත.) මෙම සවිස්තර වාර්තාවේ පසුබිමේ තිබෙන්නේ බෙදුම්වාදී න්‍යාය පත්‍රය බව පැහැදිලව පෙනේ. එසේම කමිටු වාර්තාවේ සමලිංගික ප්‍රජාවක් සහ ඔවුන්ගේ අයිතිවාසිකම් පිලීබඳ කරන සදහනට වැඩි ඉඩක් වෙන්කරනු ලැබ ඇත.එහි සඳහන් නිර්දේශය මෙසේය.

වයස සම්පූර්ණ වී ඇතිසියළු පුද්ගලයන්ට ජනවර්ගය ජාතිය ආගම ලිංගික අන්‍යතාවය( නාරිමෛථුන සම ලිංගික ද්වී ලිංගික පාරලිංගික සහ අන්තර්ලිංගික) හෝ ලිංගිකනැඹුරුව ආදියේ සීමාවකින් තොරව විවාහ වීමට හා පවුලක් සෑදීමට අයිතිය තිබේ. විවාහය තුළ හා එය අවලංගු කිරීමෙන් පසුව ඔවුනට සමාන අයිතිවාසිකම් ලැබිය යුතුය.සැබවින්ම රටක සදාචාරය සහ යහපාලනය ඇති කළ හැකි ප්‍රතිපාදන සැලසිය හැකි නව වන ව්‍යවස්ථාව අර්ථ නිරූපණයට වඩා මෙවැනි දුරාචාරයන්ට රට යොමු කිරීම ලාල් විජේනායක කමිටුවට වඩාත් අභිමතව ඇති බව පැහැදිලිය. එයට හේතුව  මෙම කමිටුව පත් කරන්නට යෙදුණු පාලකයන්ද එවැනි දුරාචාර අනුමත කරන නිසාවෙනි. එසේම මෙම කමිටුව නියෝජනය කරමින් ස්ත්‍රී වාදයට කඩේ යන පුද්ගලයන්ද රාජ්‍ය නොවන සංවිධානයන්හි වැඩකළ පුද්ගලයන්ද  සිටින නිසා බව පැහැදිලිය. එසේ හෙයින් අනාගමික රාජ්‍යයක් බවට ලක්රජය පත් කිරීමේ භයානක යෝජනාව ඇතුළු සමස්ත වාර්තාවම කුණු කූඩයට යැවිය යුතු බව එක හෙළා පැවසිය යුතුය. විධායක අගමැති සිහිනයෙහි සිටින්නන්ද අවබෝධ කළ යුතු කාරණය වන්නේ මෙම වාර්තාවේ එක් වගන්තියක් හෝ සම්මත කිරීමට ඉඩ දුනහොත් ඒ මගින් ව්‍යවස්ථා කුමන්ත්‍රණය සාර්ථක වන බවයි.

මතුගම සෙනෙවිරුවන්

වදකහ සුදිය

June 17th, 2016

ධර්මන් වික්‍රමරත්න රිවිර සිකුරාදා පුවත්පත සදහා ධර්මන් වික්‍රමරත්න ලියනමුරගල තීරු ලිපිය – 154

අවසර! ඒ මෙරට වාමාංශික සහ ප්‍රගතිශීලි ව්‍යාපාර වෙනුවෙන් සිය මුළු ජීවිත කාලයම කැපකරමින් දිවියෙන් සමුගත් ජනතා විමුක්ති පෙරමුණේ 4වැනි නායකයාවූ සෝමවංශ අමරසිංහ සහ ශ්‍රිලනිප වෘත්තීය සමිති නායක අළෙවි මව්ලානාටද සුවහසක් ජනතාව වෙනුවෙන් කරන ලද මෙහෙවරට මුරගලේද ආචාරය පුද කිරීමටය. මේ දෙදෙනාම ජීවිතයෙන් සමුගන්නා විට මාතෘ භූමියේ ඒකීයභාවය සහ දෙමළ බෙදුම්වාදීන්ගේ හඬට එරෙහිව ඒකාබද්ධ විපක්ෂය සමඟ එක්ව ඒකායන අරමුණක් වෙනුවෙන් කටයුතු කල අය වෙති. ඉතිහාසයේ ඔවුහු අපට බොහෝ පාඩම් කියා දුන්හ. ආදර්ශ විදහාපෑය. කැපකිරීම් පෙන්වා දුන්හ. මෙසේ ආචාරය පුදකරන්නට හැකිවූයේ ඔබ දෙපලම ඇදුණේ, බැදුණේ පන්තියටම වීම නිසාය.

වදකහ සුදිය යනු සුක්ෂම සහ සටකපට ලෙස මහජනයා මුලාකොට නොමඟ යැවීමය. පත්තරයක්ද 1955 ජුනි 20වැනිදා ශ්‍රිලංකාවට පූර්ණ සූරග්‍රහණයක් දිස්වූ අවස්ථාවේදී ලස්සන වන්නටයැයි කියා ජනතාවට වදකහ පෙවූ අතර ඒවාබී පාඨකයෝ අවසානයේ රෝහල්ගත විය. මේවා ත්‍රාසජනක ප්‍රබන්ධයන්හි පිටපත්ය. යම් රටක අවිචාර අවධියක් පසු කරන විට බල්ලෝ සිනාසෙති. මී හරක් රජ වෙති. කොටියෝ සිල් ගනිති. සිංහයෝ සිඟා කති. බුරුවෝ රස්සාවල් කරති.

dharman17061601

ජාතික ඇදුම ඇන්ද එස්.ඩබ්ලිව්. ආර්. ඩී. බණ්ඩාරනායකගේ කටේ තිබ්බේ දුම්කොල පයිප්පයය. කිරිබත් කෑවේ ගෑරුප්පුවෙනි. දරුවන්වූ සුනේත්‍රා, චන්දිකා සහ අනුර වැඩිදුර අධ්‍යාපනය ලැබුවේ ප්‍රංශයේ සෝබෝන් සහ බ්‍රිතාන්‍යයේ ඔක්ස්පර්ඩ් විශ්ව විද්‍යාල මගිනි. බණ්ඩාරනායකගේ එකම මුනුබුරා සහ මිණිබිරියද බ්‍රිතාන්‍යයේ අධ්‍යාපනය ලැබූ අතර දැනටද ජීවත් වන්නේද බ්‍රිතාන්‍යයේය. මතුපිට පෙනෙන දෙය යථාර්තයනම් විද්‍යාවක් අවැසි නොවනු ඇත. මෙම සත්‍ය තේරුම් ගත යුතුය.

ආලපාලු මෙගා ප්‍රවෘත්තීන් යටතේ අලුත්ම ප්‍රවෘත්තිය වන්නේ රණවිරුවන්ට කියා බල්ලන් නෑවිම පිළිබඳවය. ඒ පිළිබඳවද පරික්ෂණ පැවැත්වෙන බවක්ද කියති. මේවා සිහිබුද්ධියක් නොමැති අයට ආතල් දෙන වැඩය. බිලියන ගණන් වටිනා රත්තරන් ටොන් 30ක් හොරකං කර ඇතැයි කියූ මාධ්‍ය සංදර්ශන දැන් බල්ලන් නෑවීමෙන් පල්ලං බසිනු පෙනේ. දේශපාලනයද බල්ලට යමින් පවතී. ‘යහපාලන’ ආණ්ඩුවේ වෙනුවෙන් පෙනි සිටින්නන්ට වර්තමානයේ ඇති දැවෙන ප්‍රශ්නය බල්ලන් නෑවිමය.

මෙයට පෙරද අරලිය ගහ මැදුරේ තිබූ ආනයනික සුපිරි වර්ගයේ බල්ලන් 43දෙනෙකට වායු සමීකරණය කල කූඩු තිබූ බවට ප්‍රචාරය කෙරිණි. එම සුනඛයින්ට සිදුවුයේ කුමක්දැයි අදටත් අභිරහසකි. බල්ලන්ට සිදුවූයේ කුමක්දැයි සොයාබැලීමට ජනාධිපති කොමිසමක් වුවද පත්කලහොත් පවක් නැත.  ඒ බල්ලන් නෑවීම, කැවීම සහ සැලකීම පින්අතේ වැඩක් බැවිනි. අවශ්‍යනම් ඔඩෙල් නිර්මාතෘ ඔටාරා නෝනාගේ ස්වේච්ඡා සහාය වුවද ලබාගත හැකිය. මන්දිරයේ සිටි පෝනියන් අතුරුදහන් බව කීවද අවසානයේ සොයා ගත්තේ හෝමාගම පැත්තේ ගෙදරකිනි. එම පොනියන්ද පෞද්ගලිකව ඔහුට අයත්ය. නඩත්තු කිරීමේදී මහජන මුදල් කාබාසිනියා කළ බවට චෝදනා කරමින් අරලියගහ මැදුරේ තාප්පයේ තිබූ මල් පෝච්චි 45,000ක්ද ගලවා ඉවත්කර උද්භීද උද්‍යානයට යැවූ බව කීවේය. අවසානයේ මල්පැල මැරී පෝච්චි ටික අහකට විසිවිය. ඒවා දියත උයනේ තබා එක් රුපියල් 200ට හෝ අළෙවි කළේනම් එසේ ලැබෙන මිලියන 5ක පමණ මුදල මහා භාණ්ඩාගාරයට යොමුකර පසුව එම මුදලින් බල්ලන් නැවිමේ සෙන්ටර් එකක් වුවද ආරම්භ කිරිමට හැකියාව තිබිණි. ප්‍රතිඵල අත් දුටුවයි. සත්‍යයි.

‘යහපාලන’ ආණ්ඩුව වේදිකාවේ රඟ දැක්වෙන නාටකය නම් තමනට වාසි සහගත නොවන සියළු අවස්ථාවන්හීදි හුළු අත්ත වෙනත් දිසාවකට උපක්‍රමශීලීව තල්ලුකර ගිනි තැබීමය. කොලොන්නාව ඇතුළු ප්‍රදේශයන්හි මහා ගංවතුර, නැගෙනහිර මහ ඇමතිවරයා විසින් නැගෙනහිර සාම්පූර්හි නාවික ප්‍රධානියාට බැන වැදීමේ සිද්ධියෙන් යටපත් කළේය. ඇමතිවරුන් 30කට කෝටි 118ක ජනතා මුදලින් සැප වාහන ගැනීම යටපත් කලේ ජවිපෙ ප්‍රචාරක ලේකම් විජිත හේරත්ගේ රිය අනතුරෙන් පසු කථාබහට ලක්වූ විජිතගේ කටෙන් වහනයවූ සුවඳට පින්සිදු වන්නටය. සාලාවේ අපරික්ෂාකාරි ලෙස ගොඩගසා තිබූ යුධ උපකරණ ගිනිගැනිමෙන් සිදුවූ බරපතල හානිය යටපත් කිරීමට පිටපොට ගසන්නේ රණවිරුවන් ලවා බල්ලන් නැහැවූ බව කියමිනි. මේවා හොරි කසන්නන්ට වර්තමානයේ ඇති දැවෙන ප්‍රශ්නයන්ය. කොහොමද ‘යහපාලනය’? කියා ප්‍රශ්ණයක් ඇසූ විට අති විශිෂ්ටයි සර් කියා රොත්ත පිටින් එක හඬින් කියන එහියන් සිටින ‘යහපාලනයකි’.

වසර ගණනාවකට පෙර විශ්‍රාමික ජේෂ්ඨ පොලිස් නිලධාරියෙකුට එරෙහිව බරපතල චෝදනාවක් ලැබුවේ බාල වයස්කාර මෙහෙකාරියක් දූෂණයකර ඇති බවය. අවසානයේ පොලිස් නිලධාරියාගේ මුළු දරු පවුලම සමාජයෙන් කොන්විය. ඔහුද රෝගාතුරව මිය ගියේය. සත්‍ය හෙළිවූයේ ඉනික්බිතිය. ඒ දැරියගේ පියා විසින්ම ඇය දූෂණය කර ඇති බවකි. පසුව සමාවද අයද සිටියේය. බොරුව සමාජ ගතකර තාවකාලික වින්දනයක් ලැබුවද අවසානයේ සියල්ල රටට පසක් විය. හිඟන්නාගේ තුවාලය කිසිදා සුව නොවන්නාක් මෙන් මෙගා හොරු නාටකය පුළුල් තිරමත වරින් වර රඟ දැක්වෙනුයේ ආණ්ඩුවේ වර්තමාන නොහැකියාව සහ අකාරක්ෂමතාවය වසාගැනීමටය. සියළු දෙනාම කැපකල යුත්තේ රටේ අනාගතය වෙනුවෙන් නොව ‘යහපාලන’ ආණ්ඩුවේ ඇතැම් දේශපාලඥයින්ගේ සැප විවරණය වෙනුවෙනි.

හමුදාව ලවා රේස් පැදීමට වැලි කොට්ට ගොඩගැසිම හෝ බල්ලන් නෑවීමෙන් රණවිරුවන්ගේ ගෞරවය නැතිවූ බවට ඇතමුන් චෝදනා කරති. විදේශීය නිරීක්ෂකයින් හමුදා කඳවුරුවලට පැමිණ සෝදිසි කිරීමද, විපක්ෂනායකවරයා කඳවුරුවලට පැමිණ ඩෙගා නැටීමද, ඇමරිකන් තානාපති ඉදිරියේ නැගෙනහිර මහඇමති වරයා විසින් නාවික ප්‍රධානියෙකුට ලුණු ඇඹුල් ඇතිව කථාකිරීම හමුවේ ඔවුන් සිටිනුයේ අඳ, ගොළු, බිහිරන් ලෙසය. බල්ලන් නෑවීම කෙසේවෙතත් සුනඛයින්ගේ සුභසාධනය සඳහා ආරක්ෂක අංශ මගින් වනාතමුල්ලේ ආරම්භකල සත්ව සායන මධ්‍යස්ථානයේ සේවයද අද අහිමි වෙමින් පවතී.

ඇමති 30කට කෝටි 118ක් වැය කරමින්  අරගෙන දෙන වාහන ගංවතුර සහ යුධ උපකරණ ගින්නෙන් හානිවු ජනයාට සහනදී නිමවන තෙක් හකුලා ගන්නා බව කීවද එය සිදුවී නැත. ඉකුත් ඉරිදා ආණ්ඩුවට සම්බන්ධ ඉංග්‍රීසි පුවත්පතක් කියා තිබුණේ ඇමති රොත්තට වාහන ගැනිමේ මුදල් භාණ්ඩාගාරයෙන් දැනටමත් නිදහස්කර ඇති බවකි. රජයේ ආයතන දේශපාලනීයකරණය විසින් මුළුමනින් බිලිගනිමින් පවතී. ‘යහපාලන’ ආණ්ඩුව යටතේ වනජීවි අධ්‍යක්ෂක ජනරාල් ලෙස පත්වූ තෙවැන්නා වන ආචාර්ය සුමිත් පිලපිටියද ඉකුත්දා ඉල්ලා අස් විය. ආචාර්ය පිලපිටිය යනු වනජීවි විෂය පිළිබඳව දැනුමක් ඇති විශේඥඥයෙකි. එවැනි අයෙකුට වුවද වැඩක් කරන්නට ඉඩ නොදේ. මහාමාර්ග අමාත්‍යාංශයට ඇමති උපදේශකයින් 94කි. වසරකට වැය වන මුදල කෝටි ගණනකි. යහපාලනය තිතට වැඩය.  තිත්ත වුනත් ඇත්ත ඒකය.

මුළු ශ්‍රිලනිපයම එරෙහි වූවද එජාපයට දෙමළ ජාතික සන්ධානයේ සහාය ලැබෙන විට විශ්වාස භංගයක් පරාජයවීම නොදන්නවා නොවේ. විශ්වාස භංගයේ අරමුණ ආණ්ඩුවට එරෙහිව මතයක් ගොඩනැගීමය. එමගින් වරදානවලට ගිජුව ශ්‍රිලනිප පාක්ෂිකයන්ගේ ප්‍රතිපත්ති පාවාදෙන ඔවුන්ගේ ඡන්දයෙන් පත්වන මහජන නියෝජිතයින් නිරාවරණය විය. විශ්වාසභංගයෙන් ජයගත් මුදල් ඇමති රවි කරුණානායක දැන් ෆුල් මාවලස්ය. මල් මාලය දමන්නේද රුපියල් 5,000 කොල වලිනි. ආයෙත් මිනිසුන් රවට්ටන්න බෑ අමතකද කියා මුදල් අමාත්‍යාංශය මගින් කෝටි ගණන් වැයකර දැන්වීම් දැමුවද ඒවායේ එදා 2014 මිල ගණන් සාවද්‍යය. පරිප්පු කිලෝ එකක් එදා තිබුණේ 140ටය. අද 160කි. හාල් කිලෝවක් එදා රුපියල් 55කි. අද 80කි. පොල්ගෙඩියක් එදා රුපියල් 45කි. අද 55කි. සීනි කිලෝවක් එදා රුපියල් 105කි. දැන් 125කි. එදා අර්තාපල් කිලෝවක් 90කි. මෙදා 120කි. එදා 160ක් වූ ටින්මාළු පමණක් මෙදා 135ක් පමණ සැබෑය. එහෙත් එම සැමන් මාළු කෑමට ප්‍රියක් උපදවනු නොලැබේ. හොද සැමන්ටින් එකක් නම් රුපියල් 200ක් පමණ වේ. එළවළු මිල හහුතෙට නැගලාය. බීට්රෑට් කිලෝව 200කි, කැරට් කිලෝව 300කි. සිමෙන්ති මිල රුපියල් 60කින් ඉහළටය. මේ විදිහට යනවිට උසුලාගෙන සිටීමේ බද්දක්ද ගහන්නට බැරි නැත.

කොස්ගම සාලාව යුධ හමුදා කඳවුරේ පිහිටි අවි ගබඩාව පුපුරා යාමෙන් ආපදාවන්ට පත්වූවන්ට මසකට රුපියල් 50,000 බැගින් මාස 3ක් වන්දිය ලබාදෙන්නේ අදාල නිවස බිමට සමතලාවූවොත් පමණි. මේවා අර්ධ හානියට පත් නිවෙස්වලටද දිය යුතුය. එමෙන්ම ජීවනෝපාය අහිමිවූ රැකවරණය අහිමිවූ සියල්ලන්ටම වන්දි ලබාදීමේ වැඩසටහනක් සැකසිය යුතුය.

පාසැල් සිසුන්ට දශක දෙකක් තිස්සේ නොමිලේ දුන් සුදු රෙද්ද වෙනුවට මුදල් වවුචරයක් ආදේශ කළේය. ඔවුහු ඉන් ලඝු කළේ දැයේ දූ දරුවන්ට ඉගෙන ගැනීමට ධෛර්යය දුන් බලාපොරොත්තුවය. නැතිකළේ පාසැල් දරුවන්ගේ සිත්වල පිපුණු අහිංසක සතුටය. සැබෑ නිදහස් අධ්‍යාපනය උදෙසා අයවැයෙන් වෙන්කරන මුදලින් සියයට 6ක් ලබා ගැනීමේ ප්‍රයත්නය ගැන කිසිවෙකුත් කථා නැත. එය ඩේටා කාඩ් එකෙන් ඉතිරි රුපියල් 2 ලබාගැනීමේ අරගලය දක්වා දැන් පසුබැස ඇත.

ශිෂ්‍ය මර්ධනයද කිසිදා සිදු නොවූ අයුරින් උත්සන්න වෙමින් පවතී. එදා ගෝනවල සුනිල්ගේ මැර පාලනයට යටවූ කැලණි සරසවියෙන් වර්තමානයේද එවැනි තත්ත්වයක් දිස්වේ. මරදාන ටෙක්නිකල් හන්දියේ සිට කොටුව දෙසට පැමිණි කැලණි සරසවි සිසුන්ගේ පා ගමනක් නතර කිරීමට අධිකරණ නියෝගයක් රැගෙන ආ පොලිසිය එයට සති දෙකකට පෙර ජවිපෙ පා ගමනක් එම ස්ථානයේම පවත්වන විට ඒ සඳහා කිසිදු අවහිරයක් කළේ නැත. කැලණි සරසවි සිසුන් 2ක් අත්අඩංගුවට ගෙන උසාවියටද ඉදිරිපත් කර රිමාන්ඩ් බන්ධනාගාරගත කළේය. අලි පැටවුන් හොරට තබාගෙන සිටි බවට මහේස්ත්‍රාත්වරුන්ට පවා නඩු දමන රටක කැස්බෑවේ චන්දන කත්‍රිආරච්චිගේ අලියාටනම් ‘යහපාලන’ සරණය. හිටපු ඇමති කෙහෙලිය රුපියල් කෝටි 2 මහජන 2013 සැප්තැම්බර් අවභාවිතා කර ඇති බවට චෝදනා කරන ආණ්ඩුව හිටපු අගමැති දි.මූ ජයරත්න එම කාලයේදී මහාභාරකාර දෙපාර්තමේන්තුවෙන් රුපියල් ලක්ෂ 220ක් සිංගප්පූරුවට ගොස් ප්‍රතිකාර ගැනීම සඳහා වැයකිරීම පිළිබඳව හාහූවක් නැත. එයට හේතුව දි.මු ජයරත්නගේ පුතා අනුරාධ ‘යහපාලන’ ආණ්ඩුවේ නියෝජ්‍ය ඇමතිවරයෙකු සහ දි.මු එම ආණ්ඩුවේම උපදේශකයෙකු වීමය. 

එක අතකින් ගංවතුර බියය. තවත් පසක ගිනි බියය. අනෙක් පස හෙරොයින්, කොකේන් ඇතුළු මත්ද්‍රව්‍ය බියය. දැන් දකිමින් පවතින්නේ මහල්ලෙක්, ලෙඩෙක් සහ මළ කඳක් යන පෙරනිමිතිය. කේතුමතී නුවරක සිරි අසිරිය වෙනුවට දක්නට ඇත්තේ විශාලා මහනුවරක පෙරනිමිතිය. වදකහ සුදිය එහිදි රටක් වටින්නේය.  

ධර්මන් වික්‍රමරත්න

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පෙරදිගට ගමනක් – 19 අතීතයට නෙවෙයි, පෙරදිගට …

June 17th, 2016

වරුණ චන්ද්‍රකීර්ති

සිංහල අපේ මුල් බොහෝ දුරට ඉන්දියානු උප මහාද්වීපයේ ඊසානදිග බිම්වලට සම්බන්ධ බවක් මේ දක්වා කෙරුණු සාකච්ඡාවෙන් පැහැදිළි වුනා. බෙංගාල – කාලිංග – ශාක්‍ය – නාග සම්මිශ්‍රණයකින් අපේ සිංහලකමට පදනම වැටෙන්න ඇති. ඊට අමතර ව, පාණ්ඩ්‍යයෝ එක්කත් අපි කිට්ටු සම්බන්ධකම් පවත්වලා තියෙනවා. ඒ පදනම උඩ අපිට ම ආවේනික අනන්‍යතාවක් ගොඩනගාගන්න අපි සමත්වෙලා තියෙනවා. සිංහයාගෙන් අපි ඒ අනන්‍යතාව පෙන්නනවා. “අපි සිංහල,” “අපි සිංහයා ගේ මිනිස්සු” කියලා අපි ආඩම්බර වෙනවා. සිංහලේ, සිංහලේ කියලා අපි කිව්වේ සිංහ-ලේ කියන අර්ථයෙන් නෙවෙයි. අපි එහෙම කිව්වේ සිංහලයන් ගේ දේශය කියන අර්ථයෙන්. සිංහලේ කිව්වේ භූමියට. මේ රටට සිංහලද්වීපය කියලාත් කිව්වා. මේක අපි විතරක් කියපු කතාවක් නෙවෙයි. ඉස්සර කාලේ චීන මිනිස්සු පවා මේ රටට කිව්වේ ශී-ත්ස කු-ඕ කියලා. ශී-ත්ස කියන්නේ සිංහයාට. කු-ඕ කියන්නේ රටට. ඉතින් මේ “සිංහදේශය” කියන සඳහන ෆා-ෂියැන්, ෂුවාන්-ත්සාං හිමිවරුන් ගේ දේශාටන වාර්තාවලත් දකින්න පුළුවන්. අද පෙයි-චිං නුවර තියෙන ජාතික කෞතුකාගාරයට යන කෙනකුට, එහෙම නැතිනම් ෂි-ආන් නුවර තියෙන ශාන්-ෂි ඉතිහාස කෞතුකාගාරයට යන කෙනකුට “සිංහදේශය” කියලා අපේ රට නම් කරපු සිතියම් ප්‍රදර්ශනය කරලා තියෙනවා දකින්න පුළුවන්.

සිංහයා කියන්නේ අපේ ජාතික සංකේතය. සිංහබාහු කතාවෙන් අපේ ජාතියට ආරම්භයක් දීලා තියෙනවා. බෙංගාල (වංග) රාජ වංශය අපේ ජාතියේ ආරම්භයට එක් පර්ශ්වයක් විදිහට දායක වෙච්ච බව ඒ කතාවෙන් කියැවෙනවා. අනෙක් පාර්ශ්වය සංකේතවත් කරන්නේ සිංහයෙක්ගෙන්. අපේ සමහරුන්ට මේ විදිහට කියන්නේ කා ගැන ද කියලා හිතාගන්න බෑ. සමහරු කියනවා ඉන්දියානු උප මහාද්වීපයේ ඊසාණ පැත්තේ – ඒ කියන්නේ බෙංගාලය පැත්තේ, සිංහයෝ නෑ කියලා. ඒක ඇත්ත. බෙංගාලයේ ඉන්නේ ව්‍යාඝ්‍රයෝ. ඉන්දියානු උප මහාද්වීපයේ සිංහයෝ ඉන්නේ ගුජරාටයේ. ඒ හින්දා ඒ ගැන වදවෙන සමහරු ගුජරාටයේත් අපේ මුල් හොයනවා. ඒ පැත්තටත් අපේ මොකක් හරි සම්බන්ධයක් තියෙන්න පුළුවන් හින්දා එහෙම හොයන එකේ වැරැද්දක් නෑ. ඒත් සිංහයා කියන්නේ අපිට සංකේතයක්. ඒක හරියට හිම සිංහයා ටිබෙට් මිනිස්සුන් ගේ ජාතික සංකේතය වෙනවා වගේ දෙයක්. එහෙම නැතිනම් මකරා චීන මිනිස්සුන් ගේ ජාතික සංකේතය වෙනවා වගේ දෙයක්. මේවායින් සංකේතවත් වෙන්නේ මොනවා ද කියන එක හොයලා බලන එක වැදගත් තමයි. කොහොම වුනත් ඒ වැඩේ මේ යන්න යන ගමනට ඒ තරම් ම අදාළ නෑ. ඒ හින්දා ඒ කාර්යය පසෙකින් තියන්න සිද්දවෙනවා.

1846 අවුරුද්දේ ඉඳලා 1980 වෙන කල් ඉරානයේ භාවිතාකරපු ජාතික කොඩියෙත් කඩුවක් අතින් ගත්ත සිංහයෙක් හිටියා. ඒක ඇත්තෙන් ම සිංහ කොඩියකට වඩා සූර්යය කොඩියක්. දොළොස්වැනි සියවසේ විතර ඉඳලා පර්සියාවේ භාවිතා වුනු සිංහ – සූර්යය සංකේතය තමයි ඒකට මුල් කරගෙන තියෙන්නේ. සිංහ රාශියේ දී සූර්යයා බලවත් කියන අදහස තමයි ඒකට මුල්වෙලා තියෙන්නේ. ඒත් මේ සිංහයා කඩුවක් අතට ගත්තේ අපේ ආභාෂයෙන් ද කියන එක ගැන නම් හොයලා බලන්න වටිනවා. මොකද අපි ඒ වැඩේ කරලා තියෙන්නේ ඊට සෑහෙන කාලයකට කලින්නේ. කොහොම වුනත් ඒ ගැන හොයන අදහසකුත් මේ ලේඛකයාට නෑ.

විවිධාකාරයෙන් සම්මිශ්‍රණය වුනත් අපි “සිංහලකමක්” ගොඩනගාගෙන, රැකගෙන ඉන්නවා. මේ සිංහලකම අපේ බෞද්ධකමත් එක්ක අත්වැල් බැඳගත්ත එකක්. “සිංහල-බෞද්ධ” කියන යෙදුම හදාගෙන තියෙන්නෙත් ඒ හින්දා. අපේ බෞද්ධකම සිංහලකම ඇතුළේ ම තියෙන එකක් කියලා මේ ලේඛකයා විශ්වාසකරනවා. අවුරුදු දෙදහසකට වැඩි කාලයක් එක දිගට ම එකට හැදී වැඩිච්ච දේ එකිනෙකින් වෙන්කරන්න බෑ. ඒ හින්දා අපේ සිංහලකම පිටස්තර ව තියෙන බුද්ධාගමකින් පෝෂණය වෙච්ච එකක් කියලා හරි, අපේ බුද්ධාගම ඒකට සම්බන්ධයක් නැති සිංහලකමකින් අපවිත්‍ර වෙච්ච එකක් කියලා හරි හිතන එක සාධාරණ නෑ. මේවා එකිනෙකින් වෙන්කරන්න උත්සාහ කළ යුතුත් නෑ. අපේ සංස්කෘතියේ හැඩරුව තීරණය කරලා තියෙන ප්‍රධාන ම දෙයක් තමයි අපි අදහන බුද්ධාගම.

තියෙන්න ඕන බුද්ධාගමක් නෙවෙයි, බුදුදහමක් කියලා කියන අය ඉන්නවා. ඒ වගේ ම මේක ආගමක් නෙවෙයි, දර්ශනයක් කියලා කියන අයත් ඉන්නවා. “විද්‍යාව, ආගම සහ බුදුදහම” කියලා මේ ලේඛකයා ලියපු ලිපියක් මීට අවුරුදු 27 කට විතර කලින් “විදුසර” පත්තරේ පළවුනා. තරුණ කාලේ අපි කොච්චර නම් සුන්දර දේවල් ගැන හිතනවා ද? බුද්ධාගමේ තියෙන යම් යම් දේ අයින්කරලා ගත්තා ම එහෙම හිතෙන එක ඇත්ත. ඒත් ඉතින් එහෙම හිතෙන්න ඒ යම් යම් දේ අයින්කරන්න ඕනනේ. ඒත් එහෙම වෙන්කරලා බුද්ධාගම (බුදුදහම) පොත්වලට විතරක් සීමාකරන්න පුළුවන් කියලාවත්, එහෙම සීමාකරලා ඒ විදිහට වෙන්කරගත්ත බුදුදහම තවත් කාලයකට රැකගන්න පුළුවන් කියලාවත් දැන් මේ ලේඛකයා විශ්වාසකරන්නේ නෑ. බුදුදහම රැකගෙන තියෙන්නේ මේ රටේ හිටිය සිව්වනක් පිරිස විසින්. අද භික්‍ෂුණී ශාසනය නෑ. ඉතින් භික්‍ෂුන්වහන්සේලාත්, උපාසක උපාසිකාවනුත් අද අපේ බුද්ධාගම රැකගන්න කටයුතුකරනවා. ඒ වෙනුවෙන් තමන් ගේ බුද්ධිය, කාලය, ශ්‍රමය හා ධනය වැයකරනවා. මේ දේවල් වෙන්නේ, වෙලා තියෙන්නේ ශ්‍රද්ධාව මූලික කරගෙන. අපි ඒ කැපකිරීම් අගයකරන්න ඕන. එහෙම නැතුව ඒ කැපකිරීම්වලට ගරහන එක බෞද්ධකමට ගැලපෙන්නේ නෑ.

මේ ලිපි පෙළේ මුල් භාගයේ දී ම කියපු දෙයක් තමයි සංස්කෘතික නෑදෑකම් අපේ බෞද්ධකම හරහා හඳුනාගන්න පුළුවන් කියන කාරණය. එහෙම නැතුව පර්සියානු සංස්කෘතියේ හරි, දිල්ලි සුල්තාන් – මූගල් ආභාෂයෙන් පෝෂණය වුනු “ඉන්දියානු සංස්කෘතික උරුමයන්” තුළ හරි අපේ නෑදෑකම් හඳුනාගන්න පුළුවන්කමක් නෑ කියන එක. ඉතින් දැන් අපි මේ ගමනේ එක්තරා සන්ධිස්ථානයකට ඇවිල්ලා. සිංහල අපේ ඉතිහාසය, සංස්කෘතිය හරහා කරුණු විමසමින් ගිය ගමනින් අපේ ස්වරූපය ගැන අවබෝධයක් අපි යම් පමණකට ලබාගත්තා. අපේ අතීතය ගැනත්, වර්තමානය ගැනත් කරුණු කිව්වා. සිංහල අපි අනුරාධපුර යුගයෙන් බොහෝ ඈතට ගමන්කරලා. තව තවත් නෑදෑකම් සෑහෙන ප්‍රමාණයකුත් ඇති කරගෙන. ඒත් අපේ මූලික ස්වරූපය – අනන්‍යතාව, රැකගන්න අපිට පුළුවන්වෙලා තියෙනවා. අපි තවමත් සිංහල. අපෙන් අති බහුතරයක් තවමත් බෞද්ධ. ඒ විතරක් නෙවෙයි. කලින් කියපු විදිහට අපේ බෞද්ධකම සිංහලකමෙනුත් ප්‍රකාශවෙනවා. ඒ හින්දා මේ ලෝකයේ දැනට ඉතිරිවෙලා තියෙන අනෙකුත් බෞද්ධ සංස්කෘතීන් තුළ අපේ නෑදෑකම් තියෙනවා ද කියලා හොයලා බලන්න අපිට පුළුවන්.

මීට අවුරුදු 13 කට විතර කලින් “ඉන්දියාව කියන රටට” ගිහිල්ලා “ඒ රටේ” ඉන්නවා කියලා කියන අපේ නෑදෑයෝ දැකගන්න බැරි ව මේ ලේඛකයා ආපහු ආවේ මේ සිතුවිල්ල – ඒ කියන්නේ අපේ බෞද්ධකම හරහා සංස්කෘතික නෑදෑකම් හොයාගන්න පුළුවන් කියන සිතුවිල්ල හිතේ දරාගෙන. ඒ මුල් කාලයේ තිබුණේ මේ ගැන මූලික අදහසක් විතරයි. මෙයට පෙර ලිපිවලින් සාකච්ඡා කරපු අදහස් ඒ තරමට ම වර්ධනය කරගෙන තිබුණේ නෑ. ඕනෑ ම අදහසක් වර්ධනය වෙන්නේ ඒ විදිහට ඇති කරගන්න මූලික සිතුවිල්ලක් වටේනේ. කොහොම වුනත්, ඒ විදිහට ඇතිවිච්ච සිතුවිල්ල ගැන තව තවත් හොඳින් හොයලා බලන්න ඕන කියන අධිෂ්ඨානය මේ ලේඛකයා ගේ හිතේ තිබුණා.

මේ හොයාබැලිල්ල කරන්න ඕන කොහෙද, කොහොමද කියන කාරණේ තමයි ඊ ළඟට මතුවුනේ. අපි පිළිගන්නේ, අදහන්නේ ථෙරවාදය. අපි වගේ ම මේ දේ කරන තවත් ජාතීන් ගණනාවක් ඉන්නවා. මියන්මාරයේ, තායිලන්තයේ, කාම්බෝජයේ, ලාඕසයේ, දකුණු වියට්නාමයේ සහ දකුණු චීනයේ යුන්නාන් පළාතට අයිති ෂි-ශු-අන්-පන්-නා ප්‍රදේශයේ ඉන්න මිනිස්සු අපි වගේ ම ථෙරවාදය පිළිගන්නවා, අදහනවා. පාලියට පෙරලා තියෙන අටුවාවලින් කියැවෙන විදිහට ථෙරවාදය කියන්නේ “විනිශ්චයෙහි මැනැවින් නිපුණ වූ මහා විහාරවාසී තෙරවරුන් ගේ” අර්ථදැක්වීම්වලින් සංග්‍රහකරපු දහමට. ඒ විදිහට ධර්මය අර්ථදක්වලා තියෙන්නේ “සුදනන් ගේ සතුට පිණිස” සහ “ධර්මයේ චිරස්ථිතිය පිණිස” කියලා අපේ අටුවා පොත්වල කියලා තියෙනවා. ථෙරවාදී රටවල පෙළ සහ අටුවා මොන මොන භාෂාවෙන් පළ කරලා තිබුණත් මේ මූලික කාරණය ඒ හැම කෙනෙක් ම ඒ විදිහට ම පිළිගන්නවා. මහා විහාරීය තෙරවරුන් ගේ මේ අර්ථදැක්වීම් ගැන යම් යම් අයවලුන් විසින් යම් යම් ආකාරයට ප්‍රශ්න කරලා තියෙන බව ඇත්ත. ඒ ගැන පසු ව විමසා බලන්න පුළුවන්.

අපි නෑදෑකම් හොයන්න ඕන මේ ථෙරවාදී රටවල්වල සහ ප්‍රදේශවල නේ ද? ඒත් අපි දැන් මේ රටවල් එක්ක ඒ තරම් සම්බන්ධකම් පවත්වන්නේ නෑ. නමට හරි තානාපති සම්බන්ධකම් ඇති කරගෙන තියෙන්නේ මියන්මාරය එක්කයි, තායිලන්තය එක්කයි විතරයි. මැදපෙරදිග තියෙන හැම මුස්ලිම් රටක් එක්ක ම වගේ අපිට තානාපති සම්බන්ධකම් තියෙනවා. එහෙම වෙලා තියෙන්නේ ඒ රටවල වැඩට යන ශ්‍රමිකයෝ ඉන්න හින්දානේ කියලා කාට හරි කියන්න පුළුවන්. ඒක ඇත්ත. ඒත් ථෙරවාදී බෞද්ධ රටකට තවත් ථෙරවාදී බෞද්ධ රටක් එක්ක ශක්තිමත් විදිහට තානාපති සම්බන්ධකම් ඇති කරගන්න තියෙන බාධාව මොකක්ද? රජය මැදිහත්වෙනවා නම් අපේ භික්‍ෂූන්වහන්සේලා වුනත් ඒ වැඩේට කැපවෙයි. ඒත් අපේ ඔළුව හරවලා තියෙන්නේ වෙන පැත්තකට. එහෙම දේවල් ගැන අපිට හිතන්නේ නෑ. විදේශ අමාත්‍යාංශයේ ඉන්න අයට වුනත් එහෙම හිතෙන්නේ නෑ. ඒ වගේ ආයතනවල වැඩකරන සමහර අයට බෞද්ධකම කියන්නේ විහිළුවක්. මේ ලේඛකයා දෙවතාවක් ම විදේශ සේවා විභාගය සමත්වෙලා සම්මුඛ පරීක්‍ෂණවලට සහභාගීවෙලා තියෙනවා. බෞද්ධ අධ්‍යයනය පිළිබඳව ශාස්ත්‍රපති උපාධියක් මේ ලේඛකයාට තියෙනවා කියලා දැනගත්ත සම්මුඛ පරීක්‍ෂණ මණ්ඩලයේ හිටපු නිලධාරියෙක්, ඒ එක සම්මුඛ පරීක්‍ෂණයක දී ඇහුවා “සිද්ධාර්ථ කුමාරයා ගේ තාත්තා කවුද” කියලා!

2003 අවුරුද්ද වෙද්දී පෙරදිග භාෂා විදිහට වැඩිහිටියකුට මේ රටේ දී ඉගෙනගන්න තිබුණේ ජපන් සහ චීන භාෂා විතරයි. තායි, බුරුම, කමර්, ලාඕස වගේ භාෂා ඉගෙනගන්න අවස්ථාවක් අදටත් නෑ. අද නම් චීන, ජපන්වලට අමතර ව කොරියන් ඉගෙනගන්න පුළුවන්. ඉතින් ඒ හින්දා මේ ලේඛකයාට සිද්දවුනා වෙනත් ආකාරයක තීරණයක් ගන්න. ඒ, චීන භාෂාව ඉගෙනගන්නත් ඉංග්‍රීසියෙන් පොත පත කියවලා ථෙරවාදී රටවල් ගැන ඉගෙනගන්නත්. ඒ තමයි පෙරදිගට යන මේ ගමනේ ආරම්භය. තව දෙයක් ගැන කියන්න ඕන. ඒ, මේ ගමන යන්නේ අනෙක් සියලු වැඩ පැත්තකින් තියලා නෙවෙයි කියන එක. මේ තමන් ගේ එදිනෙදා රාජකාරි කරමින් බොහොම හෙමින් යන ගමනක්. මේ වෙනුවෙන් කරපු කැපකිරීම් ගැන කියන්න ඕනකමක් මේ ලේඛකයාට නෑ. කාට වුනත් වැඩක් වෙන්නේ මේ ගමනේ අත්දැකීම්.

ඉතින් මේක පෙරදිගට යන ගමනක්. අපේ බෞද්ධ නෑයන් හොයාගෙන යන ගමනක්. අනෙක් බෞද්ධ සමාජවල ජීවත්වෙන මිනිස්සුන් ගේ චර්යාවන් ගැන දැනගන්න යන ගමනක්. ඒ අය ගේ ඇදහීම්, වැඳුම් පිදුම් ගැන හොයා යන ගමනක්. ඒ අය ගේ සාහිත්‍යය, කලාව, ගෘහ නිර්මාණ ශිල්පය වගේ දේවල් ගැන දැනගන්න යන ගමනක්. අපේ ඉපැරැණි බෞද්ධ ගොඩනැගිලිවල කැටයම් කර ඇති මකරුන්, ලියවැල් ආදී බොහෝ එ බඳු දේ සම්බන්ධකම් කියන්නේ කාටදැයි සොයා බැලීමට යන ගමනක්. ඒ විතරක් නෙවෙයි. උපසම්පදාව පෙරදිගින් – සියමෙන්, රාමඤ්ඤයෙන්, අමරපුරෙන් ලබාගත්ත ආකාරයට අපට නැති වූ අනෙක් දේ, අපට ගැලපෙන දේ පෙරදිගින් ලබාගන්න පුළුවන් ද කියලා හොයලා බලන්න යන ගමනක්. මොකද යටත්විජිත බලපෑම නිසා අපිට නැතිවුනේ උපසම්පදාව විතරක් නෙවෙයි. කලින් කියපු විදිහට අපි මේ වෙනකොට රෙද්ද පවා අහිමිවෙච්ච ජාතියක්නේ. අද අපි කන්නේ බොන්නේ මොනවා ද කියලාවත් දන්නේ නැති ජාතියක්නේ.

කොහොම වුනත් මේ අතීතයට යන ගමනක් නෙවෙයි. මේ, පෙරදිගට ගමනක්. මේ ගමනේ අත්දැකීම් කියන වැඩේ මී ළඟ ලිපියෙන් පටන්ගන්නම්.

වරුණ චන්ද්‍රකීර්ති෴

තෙමීගෙන ආ පංචවිද කාර් නෝනා දැන් තෙමෙන හැටි කියයි..

June 17th, 2016

මහ වැස්සේ තෙමීගෙන අවුත් පංචවිද ක‍්‍රියාවලියෙන් ලාබෙට කාර් එකක් ගන්නට හංසයාට කතිරය ගසන්නයි පසුගිය මහ මැතිවරණයේදී එජපය විසින් ප‍්‍රචාරය කල වෙළඳ දැන්වීම ගැන පාර්ලිමේන්තු මන්ත‍්‍රී රෝහිත අබේගුණවර්ධන මහතා මෙසේ අදහස් පල කලේය.

“ෆෙඩරල් සංහිඳියාව” : සම්මන්ත්‍රණය ජුනි 23දා කොළඹදී

June 17th, 2016

යුතුකම සංවාද කවය

නිදහසින් පසුව පත් වූ සියළුම ආණ්ඩු විසින් දෙමළ ජනතාව සැලසුම් සහගතව ජාතිඝාතනය කළ බවට සහ මෙරට ෆෙඩරල් රාජ්‍යයක් විය යුතු බවට යෝජනා සම්මත කර ගනිමින් දෙමළ ජනතාව තුළ සිංහලයන් කෙරෙහි වෛරය වැඩෙන ආකාරයට උතුරු පළාත් සභාව ජාතිවාදී බෙදුම්වාදය පෝෂණය කිරීමේ න්‍යාය පත්‍රයකට කටයුතු කරමින් සිටින්නේය.

මේ ජාතිවාදී ප්‍රවණාතාවයන්ට පිළිතුරු දෙනු වෙනුවට රටේ නායකයින් සිදු කරමින් සිටින්නේ ඒ ජාතිවාදය පෝෂණය කරන, දකුණට පමනක සංහිඳියා බණ දේශනා කරන අයුක්ති සහගත ස්ථාවරයකය.
අනෙක් පසින් නව ව්‍යවස්ථාක් හරහා අප රට කඩා බිඳ දමන ෆෙඩරල් රාජ්‍යායක් සඳහා අවශ්‍ය සියලු සාධක සම්පූර්ණ කිරීමට සූදානමින් සිටී.

Invite

දැයේ දූ දරුවන්ට , අනාගතයේ එකිනෙකා මරාගන්න කාලකණ්නි දේශයක් බිහිවීම වැලැක්විය හැක්කේ මේ ෆෙඩරල් මර උගුලෙන් අප ගැලවුනහොත් පමණි.
ඒ පිළිබඳ ජනතාව දැනුවත් කරන සම්මන්ත්‍රණ මාලාවක පළමුවැන්න “ෆෙඩරල් සංහිඳියාව” නමින් මේ මස 23 වන දින (ජුනි 23 වන බ්‍රහස්පතින්දා ) සවස 3.30 ට මහජන පුස්තකාල ශ්‍රවනාගාරයේදී පැවැත්වේ.

යුතුකම සංවාද කවය විසින් සංවිධානය කරනු ලබන මෙහි මුලසුන අතිපූජ්‍ය ඇල්ලේ ගුනවංශ නාහිමියන් විසින් හොබවන අතර ජනාධිපති නීතීඥ මනෝහර ද සිල්වා , නීතීඥ කළ්‍යානන්ද තිරාණගම සහ ගෙවිඳු කුමාරතුංග යන මහත්වරුන් විසින් වෙසෙසි දෙසුම් පවත්වනු ඇති.

ඒ සබුද්ධික කතිකාවතට සහභාගීවන ලෙස සංවිධායක කමිටුව විසින් සියළු දෙනාටම ආරාධනා කර සිටී.

යුතුකම සංවාද කවය
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 සෝමවංශ අමරසිංහ මහතාඟේ මරණය.

June 17th, 2016

චන්ද්‍රසේන පණ්ඩිතගේ විසිනි

අපි කවුද?

අපිව මෙහෙට ගෙන්වන්න සැලසුම් කලේ කවුද?

ඒ මොකටද?

යන ප්රශ්න රාශියක් අප ඉදිරියේ ඇත.

මේවාට ඇති උත්තර මොනවාද?

somawans

උපත හා උපත සමග අත්වැල් බැදගත් විපත කරා අප යන මේ ගමනේදී අප ඇති කර ගන්නා බැදීම් කන්දරාව අත්හැර අප ආපසු යන්නේ කොහේටද?

එන්නේ කොහේසිටදැයි නොදන්නා අප යන්නේ කොහිදැයි යන්නද නොදනී.

අපිට ලැබී ඇති වටිනාම වස්තුව වන්නේ,
උපතේ සිට විපත දක්වා ගතකරන්නට ලබාදී ඇති කාලයයි.

කාලය කොතරම් සොදුරුද?

මේ කාලයේ සුන්දරත්වය තේරෙන්නේ කාලය අවසන්ව ඇති බව දැනෙන විටය.

දැන් කාලය නිමව ඇත.

ඒ සෝමවංශ අමරසිංහ මහතාගේය.

අද අපි ඔහුව අමතන්නේ සෝමවංශ අමරසිංහ මහතා කියාය.

ඔහු කලකට පෙර අපගේම සහෝදරයෙක් විය.

කාලයේ මහා රැලි විසින් ඒ සහෝදරත්වයේ  බැමි සිද බිදලා ඔහුව ඈතට ඈතට තල්ලු කර දමන විට,

අප ඒ දෙස බලා සිටියෙමු.

ඔහු පමණක් නොව,

අප සමග අත්වැල් බැදගෙන සිටින තව තවත් මිනිසුන්‌ අපව අත්හැ දමා යන බව දන්නා අප ඒ දෙස උපේක්ෂාවෙන් බලා සිටිනු මිස  වෙන කුමක් කරමුද?

ඔහු ගිය මග අපට යාමට නොහැක,

අප කරන්නේ කුමක්ද?

අප දොඩන්නේ කුමක්දැයි

මහත් විමසිල්ලකින් බලා සිටින බලවේගයක් ඇත.

ඒ අප ආ දිවි ගමනේදී,

මේ රටේ කලයුතු උත්තරීතර කාර්ය යයි විශ්වාස කරමින්,

අප හා අත්වැල් බැදගෙන,

තමන්ගේ ජීවිතයේ සුන්දරම අවදිය වූ තාරුණ්ය පූජා කල ඒ සහෘදයන් කැලයි.

ඔවුන්ගේ අව්යාජ සිනහව, තවමත් අපට කිසිදු වෙනසක් නැතිව දැනෙන්නේ,

ඔවුන් හා අප තවම එකම කදවුරක සිටින නිසාය.

අප එක්ව ගොඩනංවන්නට වෙර දැරූ ඒ ලෝකය,

තවමත් අපේ අරමුණ බැවිණි.

ඔවුන් සැවොම දිවි ගමන කෙලවර කලද,

උදාර පරමාර්තයන් සිතැතිව කල ඒ මෙහෙවර හේතුවෙන්,

ඔවුන් තවම මියගොස් නැත.

ඔවුන් කිසිදා මියයන්නේද නැත.

සෝමවංශ අමරසිංහ මහතා මියගොස් ඇත.

මෙරට ජනතාවට කිසිවක් ඉතිරි නොකරම මියගොස් ඇත.

සදාකාලිකවම මියගොස් ඇත.

ස්වභාවයේ ධර්මතාවය එයයි.

THE NATIONAL FLAG OF SRI LANKA  

June 17th, 2016

KAMALIKA PIERIS

When the Udarata kingdom went under the British rulers in 1815, the flag of the Sinhala king, Sri Wickrema Rajasinha was ceremonially replaced by the flag of the British king, George III. The Udarata flag was then sent to London.  Pieris says “Brownrigg’s son hastened to England to lay the Lion Flag of Tri Sinhala at the feet of the Prince Regent.”

E.W. Perera was in London as a student in 1908. He had read in a book (Bennet) that the flag of the last king of Kandy was deposited in a museum in Whitehall. Perera went in search of it and eventually found it in Chelsea Hospital, a retirement home for British soldiers.  He found three Sri Lanka flags hanging in the great hall along with other banners. “They were hopelessly faded,’ said Perera, ‘the third could only be recognized after being renovated. Two were clearly representations of the royal banner and the other probably the banner of the Atapattu Lekam.’  Rev Edmund Peiris and D .R. Wijewardene, who was a student in London at the time, also saw these flags.  Wijewardene got the royal flag copied in color by a commercial artist from the firm Southwood and Co, Regent Street, London.  This copy was reproduced in E.W. Perera’s ‘Sinhalese banners and standards’ (1916). It has been observed that this lion does not resemble any of the lion motifs in Sri Lanka. It was drawn by a commercial British artist from a faded original and was clearly influenced by European heraldic lions.

In February 1948, Ceylon was preparing to celebrate Independence and had to decide on a national flag. Mudaliyar A. L. Sinnelebbe, Member for Batticaloa moved the following motion In State Council, “This house is of the opinion that the Royal Standard of King Sri Wickrema Rajasinha depicting a yellow lion passant holding a sword in its right paw on a red background, which was removed to England after the convention of 1815, be once again adopted as the official flag of free Lanka.” This proposal was seconded by A. E. Goonesinghe.  T.B. Jayah added that the lion flag is a flag with a history, a great flag.

  1. J. V. Chelvanayagam, Member for Kankesanturai opposed the lion flag, saying it was not a national flag, it is the Sinhala flag. K. Kanagaratnam, Member for Vadukoddai seconded it. Vanniasingham (Kopay) and K.V. Nadarajah (Bandarawela) also spoke. C. Suntheralingam said ‘hoist the lion flag and then change it afterwards.’ H. Sri Nissanka observed that ‘we are now under a new dispensation. The lion flag is the Sinhala flag, not the national flag and other communities can’t be asked to salute it’. Others   said that the lion flag was only the royal standard, not the national flag.  We need a new flag to represent the multi- ethnic character of the country, a flag for all communities, they said.  The national flag should be Lion, Nandi and crescent of the Muslims.

However, the lion flag was hoisted at the Independence function. It was also flown at the opening of Parliament. Prime Minister D. S. Senanayake and other authorities had prohibited any communal flags being hoisted on Independence Day.  Those who objected to the Lion flag could raise the Union Jack. All state buildings flew the Lion flag and Union Jack. But Jaffna had flown the Nandi (bull) flag and in Colombo several Tamil leaders, including Deputy Solicitor General M. Thiruchelvam flew the Nandi flag on their vehicles. This shows that the Tamil separatist movement was   already in existence and gathering momentum at the time of independence.

On March 6, 1948 the Prime Minister appointed a seven member National flag Committee headed by the Leader of the House. S. W. R. D. Bandaranaike, to make recommendations on the national flag. The other members were, G. G. Ponnambalam, T. B. Jayah, J. L. Kotelawela (later Sir John), Dr. L. A. Rajapakse (later Sir Lalitha), Senator S. A. Nadesan and J. R. Jayewardena.

The committee called for opinions from the public and got plenty.  They asked in their questionnaire whether ‘there is any flag used as the national flag of Ceylon at any time in the past which can be adopted as the flag of the dominion of Ceylon. If so give description with illustration and original references to this. Should it be adopted exactly as old or with modifications   or should it be a new flag.’ Many of those responding, (listed in Appendix II) favored the lion flag. Of 159 responses in Sinhala 120 were for lion flag. Of the 69 responding in English and Tamil 18 said yes to the lion flag.

P.E.P. Deraniyagala   sent the response, ‘Yes, there is the lion flag, adopt it without alterations. C.M. Austin de Silva J.C .de Lanerolle  and S.L.B. Kapukotuwa said the same.  W.G. Dahanayake said it would be vandalism to meddle with the oldest flag in the world. A.M.A. Azeez said no new flag was needed. But others disagreed. E.H. Reimers and M. Swamipillai said there was no earlier flag. S.A.W. Mottau, Assistant government Archivist said there was no national flag in existence. He had looked at all the Dutch and British records. ‘They do not speak of any such flag.’ J.H.O. Paulusz Government Archivist, also said no, but recommended the lion flag with modifications.

There were eleven sittings spread over two years from 1948-1950, during which Sir John Kotelawala had wanted to know, is the lion a male lion? National Flag Committee gave its recommendations on February 13, 1950. They recommended that the lion flag be retained intact. Two vertical stripes of equal size in saffron and green be added on the side, to represent the two minority communities, Tamils and Muslims. The proportions to be 1:1:5. All committee members signed, except for Nadesan who said that when the two stripes are outside the lion flag, minorities will feel subordinate. The stripes should be a part of the flag.

The new flag was passed in Parliament on 2nd March 1951 by 51 votes for, 21 against, with 8 abstaining.  The new flag was flown in Parliament on 31 March 1951. The art work was done by S.P.Charles under the direction of J.D.A. Perera, head of Government College of Fine arts. Between 1953 and 1972, Bo leaves replaced the ‘lotus buds’ of the original flag.  In 1972, the Bo leaves were made more prominent.

There is considerable evidence in support of a royal lion flag. Nissanka Malla (1187-96) had a lion throne. The flag of Parakrama Bahu VI (1470-1478), according to ‘Parakumba Sirita’    also showed a lion.  A Belgian physician who visited Ceylon in 1687 describes the “the coat of arms of the King of Candea (Rajasinha II),   a red lion on a gold field.” The seal of the Maha vasala   of Wimaladharmasuriya II, (1687-1707) had a lion with right leg raised (en passant). When the Udarata delegation went to Thailand to get the upasampada, in 1753, the lion flag was flown on the Dutch ship.

The lion in the royal flag carried a whip. The whip was a symbol of authority. The king and the adigars, who represented the king, were preceded by kasakarayo cracking whips in the Udarata kingdom. The seal of Dharmapala (1551-97) found in a letter sent to the Queen of Portugal, had a lion holding a whip. The terracotta eave tiles in Kotte royal palace also had a similar lion. The cloth case of a talpat given to Dutch governor Simon during the reign of Wimaladharmasuriya II (1687-1707) had a lion carrying a whip in its paw.  I think that the lion in the flag copied by Southwood would also have held a whip. The flag was very faded and the artist, seeing the outline of the whip, would have thought it was a sword and filled it in.

In 2015, members of the Swarna Hansa Foundation had carried the lion flag minus the two stripes at a demonstration in front of the Bribery Commission premises. They were charged with distorting the national flag. The Foundation said at a press conference that the time had come to bring all communities under one flag.  The lion flag was the flag used in 1815 and 1948. Tissa Devendra confirmed that this was indeed the flag hoisted on 4. 2.1948 ‘which I watched. This group need not apologize’.

The Swarna Hansa position can be upheld. The new ‘dominion of Ceylon’, to which the State Council was acting as midwife in 1948, was not new at all.   It was not a ‘successor state’ to a British colony, as popularly held.   Ceylon was  simply  ‘regaining’ it’s independence and returning to its long standing position as an independent  sovereign state, a status it  lost in 1815 and demanded back ever since. There were Tamils and Muslims in the Udarata kingdom in 1815 and well before that too. Those    residing there would have been subjects of the Udarata king, visitors came in at the pleasure of the king. They all came under the authority of the king and his royal flag. Therefore the argument that ‘other communities cannot be asked to salute the lion flag’ is nonsense.

Some groups rejected the notion of a royal lion flag. Their comments are contradictory and sometimes loopy, but very entertaining.  One group said the lion flag was not a royal flag at all, it was the flag of a certain caste (name of caste withheld). Another group said the emblem of state in Udarata was a parasol like at Anuradhapura.  The Udarata king did not therefore need a flag. If he had one then it would have been described inIngirīsi Haṭana’ which gives descriptions of the royal symbols.  However, it is unlikely that the king did without a flag, since everybody else, including Disawa, Maha Lekam and Nanayakkara all had flags.

A third group said that the only Udarata flag with a lion was the Sat Korale flag. Brownrigg probably picked up a Sat Korale flag by mistake, during the takeover ceremony in Kandy in 1815 and sent it on to London. Sat Korale lion had feet and tail similar to the national flag lion, but   is looking back and is not holding anything. A fourth group said the Sinhala lion was actually a Dutch lion. Emperor Charles V (1500-1558) had used the image of a lion carrying a sword on the seal for his Dutch territories.  Holland thereafter continued to use this ‘Dutch lion’   in their provincial coats of arms. Udarata temples held many flags carrying Dutch lions. The Sinhala king would have seen them, got the Dutch lion copied on to a flag and waved it about because he admired the Dutch so much! (http://www.island.lk/index.php?page_cat=article-details&page=article-details&code_title=140819)

SRI LANKA TEA BOARD PAVILION AT MUMBAI WORLD TEA & COFFEE EXPO IN OCT 2016

June 17th, 2016

PRESS RELEASE

FOR 2nd CONSECUTIVE YEAR, SRI LANKA TEA BOARD TO SET UP EXCLUSIVE PAVILION AT 4th WORLD TEA & COFFEE EXPO 2016, MUMBAI, INDIA

  • Buoyed by the success in previous edition, SL Tea Board reposes faith in this annual expo at Mumbai and considers WTCE as the definite platform for doing business with India’s tea & coffee sectors
  • Being held from 20th Oct – 22nd Oct 2016 at Mumbai, World Tea & Coffee Expo is India’s only trade show focused on Tea, Coffee and allied sectors

In view of the encouraging demand for its tea in India, the Sri Lanka Tea Board (SLTB) will be participating in India’s only tea and coffee trade fair, World Tea & Coffee Expo (WTCE), Mumbai through an exclusive Pavilion for the second consecutive year. The 4th edition of this annual event at Mumbai, India will be held from October 20th to October 22nd 2016. Representing the Board at the exclusive pavilion will be several leading Sri Lankan tea companies with varieties of tea produce, brands and flavours. The companies shall not only be seeking buyers but also joint venture partners and distributors across India. The companies shall also be looking at accessing the latest technological advances in the Hot Beverage sector which will be on display at this niche one-of-its-kind expo.

Says Mr Rohan Pethiyagoda, Chairman, Sri Lanka Tea Board, “The Indian markets now offer enormous scope for product innovation as demonstrated by rising consumption of Sri Lankan tea. WTCE is very professionally executed and offers SL tea companies a single door opportunity to transact business with India.” The country has a limited domestic consumption which leaves over 90 % of produce for exports. This is where India as a market for Sri Lankan tea companies fits in. Rising consumption due to changing lifestyles and increasing urbanization in India has encouraged neighbouring country’s tea producers to explore Indian markets. The spread of tea and coffee retail chains has raised the level of tea consumption across all types of tea. Many domestic branded tea companies are fulfilling the demand gap through imports from abroad.

The WTCE 2016 is an ideal platform therefore to showcase famous specialty SL teas such as Black Tea, CTC Tea, Ceylon Super Pekoe black tea, Ceylon green tea, White tea, Ceylon Silver tip tea, Instant tea etc. Additionally, India has a barter trade agreement with a few countries for which India regularly imports SL tea and further exports to these countries. According to Commerce Ministry data, Sri Lanka exported INR 382 crore worth of tea to India in the year 2014-15 reflecting a 33% annual growth over the previous year’s INR 285 crore.

WTCE annually brings domestic and international buyers and suppliers of tea and coffee together in a manner that benefits the industry by enabling forging of new business relationships. The expo also affords an opportunity for the allied industries such as Packaging, Vending Solutions, machineries, accessories and other technologies. Significant activities at the WTCE will include B2B match-making, Workshops & Championships and a High Level 2-day Conference by Industry leaders, academicians and policy makers.

Says Ms. Priti M Kapadia, Director, Sentinel Exhibitions Asia P Ltd, “WTCE is supported by many eminent trade bodies including Tea Board of India (Govt. of India) and fulfils the need for an organized event for Tea & Coffee Companies in India to come together for exchange of ideas and business transactions”. For further information please log onto www.worldteacoffeeexpo.com or call on +91 22 28625131 or email to info@worldteacoffeeexpo.com / Sampath@pureceylontea.com

 

වර්ජනයට දවස් 5 යි – ආයුර්වේද සේවකයෝ රෝහලේ වහල උඩ විරෝධතා

June 17th, 2016

තම හිඟ දීමනා ලබාදෙන ලෙස ඉල්ලා ආයුර්වේද රෝහල් කාර්ය මණ්ඩලය විසින් ආරම්භ කර ඇති වැඩවර්ජනයට මේ වන විට දින 5 ක් ගත වී ඇති අතර අද දිනයේද බොරැල්ල රෝහලේ ගොඩනැගිල්ලක වහලයට නැග විරෝධතාවයක්ද පැවැත්විය.

තම ඉල්ලීම් ලබාදෙන තෙක් ආරම්භ කර ඇති වැඩවර්ජනය නොනවත්වන බව ප‍්‍රකාශ කරන සමස්ත ලංකා ආයුර්වේද සුවසේවා සංගමයේ ලේකම් මහින්ද ගුරුගේ සහෝදරයා ඇමතිවරයා මෙම සේවක ප‍්‍රශ්ණය මගහැරීමට කටයුතු කරමින් රෝහල් සේවාව ජනතාවගෙන් තව දුරටත් ඈත් කිරීමේ ක‍්‍රියාවලියක නිරත වන බවත් ඒ හරහා දේශීය වෛද්‍ය සේවාව පෞද්ගලීකරණය කිරීමේ වටපිටාවක් සකසමින් සිටින බවත්ය.

strike

ඇමතිවරයාගේ මෙම ක‍්‍රියාකලාපයට එරෙහිව ලබන සතියේ සිට දේශීය වෛද්‍ය අමාත්‍යාංශයේ සියළුම සේවාවන්වල වෛද්‍යවරුන්, සිසුන් ඇතුළු කාර්ය මණ්ඩලය සමග දැවැන්ත ක‍්‍රියාමාර්ගවලට අවතීර්ණ බවත් මහින්ද ගුරුගේ සහෝදරයා මෙහිදී පැවසීය. 

යෝජිත විගණන පනත සංශෝධන රහිතව සම්මත කරමු.

June 17th, 2016

දුෂණ විරෝධී පෙරමුණ

යෝජිත විගණන පනත් කෙටුම්පත සංශෝධන රහිතව සම්මත කර ගැනීම සදහා කටයුතු කරන ලෙස ‘දුෂණ විරෝධී පෙරමුණ‘  ඉතා ඕනෑකමින් ඉල්ලා සිටී.

අද වන විට විගණන කේෂ්ත්‍ර‍ය විධිමත් කිරීමේ අවශ්‍යතාව ඉතිහාසයේ අන් කවරදාකටත් වැඩියෙන් මතුව ඇත.  ජාතික විගණන පනත දිගු කාලයක් සිවිල් සමාජය විසින් මතු කළ, ශක්තිමත් කළ, බලාපොරොත්තුවකි. එහි වගන්ති මගින් විගණන ක්‍රියාවලිය ශක්තිමත් කිරීමට අවශ්‍ය බලය සැපයෙන බව අපගේ විශ්වාසය යි.

ජාතික විගණන පනත දුර්වල කිරීමට දේශපාලනඥයින් කිහිප දෙනෙකු ද, රාජ්‍ය පරිපාලන කේෂත්‍රයේ දුෂණ චෝදනා එල්ලවී ඇති බලවේග සහ පුද්ගලයින් කිහිප දෙනෙකු ද කටයුතු කරමින් සිටී.

  1. ජාත්‍යන්තර නිර්ණායක අනුව ඉතාමත් උසස් ගණයේ ‘ජාතික විගණන පනතක්‘ වත්මන් රජය විසින් කෙටුම්පත් කොට ඇත.  එම පනතේ වගන්ති 20 ක් පමණ කැබිනට් අනු කමිටුව විසින් සංශෝධනයක්ට යටත් කොට ඇති අතර ඇතැම් වගන්ති සම්පූර්ණයෙන්ම ඉවත් කිරීමට යෝජනා කොට ඇත.
  2. මෙම වගන්ති ඉවත් කිරීම හා සංශෝධනය කිරීම විගණන පනතේ මුලික අරමුණු වලට හරයාත්මක බලපෑමක් සිදු කොට ඇත. එමගින් ජනතා අපේක්ෂාවන් ඉටු නොවන තත්වයක් මතුව ඇත.
  3. යෝජිත පනතේ 21 සිට 25 දක්වා වන වන වගන්තිය මගින් අධිභාර පැැනවීම සදහා විගණාකාධිපතිවරයාට සතු බලතල පිළිබද දැක්වේ. මෙම වගන්ති ඉවත් කිරීම සදහා මේ වන විට වංචා දුෂණ පිළිබද අතීතියක් තිබෙන නිලධාරීන් පිරිසක් දැවැන්ත ව්‍යාපාරයක් දියත් කොට ඇත.
  4. වංචාව, දුෂණය, නාස්තිය, නෙසැලකිල්ල හේතුවෙන් රජයේ දේපලවලට සිදුවන හානිය වගකිව යුතු නිලධාරීන්ගෙන් අයකර ගැනීමට‘ විගණන පනත මගින් විගණකාධිපතිවරයා වෙත පනත මගින් බලය ලබාදීමට යෝජිතය. මෙම වගතිය ඉවත් කිරීම සදහා බලපෑම් කරන නිලධාරීන් අතර කැපී පෙනෙනුයේ පසුගිය සමයේ දුෂණ චෝදනා එල්ල වී ඇති නිලධාරී ලැයිස්තුවේ සිටින ප්‍ර‍මුඛයින් සහ දේශපාලනඥයින් ය.  මෙයින් බහුතරයකගේ ලිපි ගොනු මේ වන විට ‘නීතිපති දෙපාර්තමේන්තුවේ දී පොලිස් මුල්‍ය අපරාධ කොට්ඨාශයේ දී ගොඩ ගැසී ඇත්තේය.

මෙවැනි තත්වයක් නැවත ඇති  නොවීම සදහා ආයතනික රෙගුලාසි මෙන්ම මුල්‍ය රෙගුලාසි ආරක්ෂකරන රාජ්‍ය සේවයක් අද රටට අවශ්‍යව ඇත.  ඒ සදහා වන තීරණාත්මක පියවරක් වන්නේ ජාතික විගණන පතන සංශෝධනයන්ගෙන් තොරව සම්මත කොට ගැනීමට කටයුතු කිරීමයි.

දුෂණ විරෝධී පෙරමුණ

SRI LANKA’S ADMIRED INNOVATIONS IN WAR

June 17th, 2016

KAMALIKA PIERIS

The world watched with interest as Sri Lanka defeated the LTTE in the final Eelam War. Wall Street Journal announced ‘for all those who argue there no military solution for terrorism, we have two words: Sri Lanka’.  Washington Times editorial of 25.4.2009 said ‘Sri Lankans are winning; we should let them finish the job. Obama administration should mind its own business.’

Sri Lanka’s achievement was immediately recognized. Sri Lanka was unanimously granted Dialogue Partner status in the Shanghai Cooperation Organization in June 2009 .This is an important regional group, which pays special attention to terrorism and security. Its members are China, Russia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan. Dialogue Partner status is given to a state which shares its objectives and wishes to establish a partnership with the Organization. There was only one dialogue partner, Afghanistan, before the inclusion of Sri Lanka and Belarus. India, Pakistan, Mongolia and Iran have observer status. USA’s request for observer status was rejected.

Sri Lanka made several innovations in order to win the war.  The government started a website, “Defence.lk” in order to obtain public support for the war. This website was a great success. It became the most visited Sri Lanka website, with a daily average of 8 to 13 million hits. It provided hourly updates on the progress of the war.  ‘Defence.lk” was the subject of a MBA research project.

Sri Lanka devised a ‘unique arrangement’ to keep India briefed   on Eelam War IV .A team consisting of Defence Secretary, Secretary to President and Basil Rajapakse was formed, by passing the Foreign Ministry.  India was represented by its Foreign secretary, National security adviser and Defense secretary.  Gotabhaya Rajapakse said ‘We visited India many times, they came here and we discussed many issues. .Lines of communication were kept open at all times.  There was continuous dialogue   and the war continued unhindered’.  India is now considering using this model in its discussion with other nations.

The armed forces had to innovate if they wished to win the war. In 1983 Sri Lanka had created a Special Task Force (STF) of hand picked police officers with para military training.  STF is the only paramilitary organization in the world which   has police powers. STF officers were trained ‘jungle warfare techniques’ and handling infantry weapons. They were given special training in counter insurgency and counter terrorist operations. They could combat terrorism and insurgency with minimum casualties. The STF operated in teams of eight or less and could fight in a variety of situations such as built up areas, and close quarter battle.

The STF was effective in Eelam war IV and the LTTE assassinated the head of its training school in order to halt its operations.  STF was mainly deployed in the eastern theatre. It destroyed 24 LTTE bases in Kanchikudichchi Aru jungle while the army went into Thoppigala. .This combined campaign continued till Thoppigala fell in 2007. In 2009, STF went after the LTTE in Yala and then took over the A9 road from Omanthai to Kanagarayakulam via Pulyankulam.  STF also protected the Sinhala villages around Kebethigollawa.  STF has been recognized internationally. It has trained military teams from Maldives and India.  It was one of the few agencies invited for security assessment duties at the Olympics at Beijing.

The main tactic used by the LTTE at sea was the ‘swarm attack’   of 20-25 boats with 5-6 suicide craft and sophisticated equipment. Each boat had about 15 persons, with each combatant donned in helmet, body amour and carrying a personal weapon. Swarms were used to attack isolated naval craft, to escort LTTE craft coming from deep sea carrying ammunitions, and also terrorists moving along the coastline. To counter this, the Navy decided to create its own ‘swarm’.

Navy engineers designed three types of small, high-speed, heavily armed inshore patrol craft, suitable for operations in different types of sea .These boats were built at Welisara where there were rudimentary facilities for boat building. 150 boats were manufactured in three years .It took just 8 days to complete and fully equip a single craft.  “We manufactured these boats through day and night because we needed them quickly “. They manufactured more than one hundred 23 feet long, fibre glass ‘Arrow’ boats, powered by Japanese 200 horsepower outboard motors. ‘Arrow’   was very effective in shallow waters where Dvora could not go. There was also a 17 meter long command-cum- fighting boat. All boats were manned by highly trained sailors   from elite units, such as the Special Boat Squadron.

In 2007 the navy was able to launch a flotilla of “Arrow” boats which outnumbered the LTTE boats. When LTTE launched 20 boats, the navy launched 40. It was ‘swarm against swarm’. The boats operated in groups of four. Squadrons consisting of 25-30 craft were kept at strategically important locations  Squadrons could be shifted from place to place in a very short time. They were combined when necessary and about 60 boats were   available for some battles. These boats used infantry tactics. They went in arrowhead formation or in three adjacent columns in single file so as to mask their numbers and increase the navy’s element of surprise.

Earlier there were long drawn out naval battles, some as long as 12 hours. But with the arrival of these small boats, the encounter became shorter.  In 2008 there were only three such encounters. The Sea Tiger capabilities declined dramatically with this.   They were not allowed to close in on valuable targets. Sri Lanka’s ‘Small Boats project’ was given an unprecedented 6 page write up in the prestigious ‘Jane’s Navy International” in March 2009. Jane’s International’s maritime reporterTim Fish noted that the western media had completely ignored this project.  He said that other navies should study the Sri Lanka Navy’s modus operandi, in particular its strategies for defeating a four-dimensional insurgent group, operating on land, air,   surface of the seas and underwater.

The Navy also created On Board Security Teams (OBST). These were deployed on merchant ships to provide security when the ships transited through dangerous waters. These well trained teams were an effective deterrent against terrorist attack.  Navy authorities said these teams could be used to combat modern day piracy. Recently, Sri Lanka’s Permanent Representative, Palitha Kohona pointed out to the UN Security Council, that the dense shipping lanes south of Sri Lanka had been free of any piracy in the past 28 years, despite heavy traffic. This was due to the On Board Security Teams.  They were a visible deterrent, they could react immediately to attacks. He said Sri Lanka was ready to share its expertise and personnel regarding the OBST with the rest of the world..

Had the govt ordered an all out war effort, ignoring civilian casualties, the war would have been over in February 2009. UN chief Ban Ki Moon had asked why they did not carryout an amphibious assault on the Mullativu beach to conclude the offensive, when he flew over the Vanni battlefield in the last stages of the war. Instead, in the final stages of the war, the President ordered a No Fire Zone, in the east where the LTTÉ was using the villagers as a massive human shield. . Air attacks were prohibited and army was ordered not to use heavy guns while LTTE continued to use them. The decision to create a No-fire Zone was Sri Lanka‘s own, innovative decision. International law did not demand this. This No-fire Zone is unique to Sri Lanka. Gotabhaya Rajapakse said that other countries should also follow its example.

(http://www.island.lk/index.php?page_cat=article-details&page=article-details&code_title=7538)

How many LTTE cadres died during the last phase?

June 16th, 2016

Shenali D Waduge

 

A lot of stories are floating across the media and much sensationalism about 40,000 or more dead gives rise to the need to seriously address the question of exactly who died during the final phase. Is the international community worried about the LTTE,  are they concerned about the civilian dead, or the civilian combatants dead and why do they not have any empathy for the dead soldiers who were only carrying out the national duty of safeguarding the nation from terror? While the whole world is running behind a 40,000 unsubstantiated figure nothing is being done about the 5000 missing soldiers whose names have been submitted to the UNHRC.

 

40,000 plus dead figure

These figures were floated by various people who were not even a mile near the conflict but are claiming to substantiate their figures by invisible unidentified overseas living ‘sources’. Good for them, perhaps they can next answer these questions too.

 

§  What are the names of these dead where are their relativeswhere did they livedo they have some sort of identification? So far nothing other than the chanting ’40,000 dead’.

§  OK, presume they died or were killed. On what grounds can the world say that it was the Sri Lankan Army that killed the dead? Please don’t put this question to that British forensic expert that the Channel 4 has hired because he has an unbelievable talent to look at a picture and say that the murder was committed by the Sri Lanka Army! Amazing, no need for police anymore, just take photos to this expert and he will tell you who the killer is!

§  Another puzzling question is … if people could video war crimes by the Sri Lankan soldiers which C4 relays why has no one videoed a single dead body being put into graves by these soldiers? Surely that is sensational footage… 40,000 dead is no small number and it has to take hours to dig graves and throw dead bodies inside.

§  If they died, where are their bodies, even skeletons? Let’s not forget Ban Ki Moon the UNSG arrived just days after the conflict ended and he and foreign media with cameras went on helicopters over the area where the last battles took place. They should have seen freshly dug and closed graves as would have the US satellite images taken. Sadly, even after the visit none of these visitors made any comment about freshly dug sites or provided photos that could have been graves. There goes another story!

 

Those involved in the number hysteria

§  Robert Blake, former US Ambassador started quoting 40,000 dead at the US Congressional Hearing  

§  LTTE supporter Siobhain McDonagh (Labor MP for Mitcham and Morden) declared 100,000 people had died and 40,000 of them were civilians – how did she count the dead from UK?

§  Gordon Weiss former UN official and mischief maker has been caught red handed dabbling in numbers too just to sell his book and become a world famous author….try some other fiction!

§  Charles Petrie review of the UNSG’s report came up with 70,000 dead

§  The Times of London – 20,000

§  Amnesty International – has been extensively quoting 40,000 figure

§  Bishop of Mannar, Rayappu Joseph – claims 147,000 missing (It is strange he has not placed one single name of the missing with the Commission though he can rally numerous priests to sign letters to the UNHRC calling for international investigations against Sri Lanka)

§  Alan Keenan the Project Director of International Crisis Group Sri Lanka placed civilians killed in the Vanni between 40,000 – 147,000

§  The Guardian editorial ( Sri Lanka: Evidence that won’t be buried (June 15, 2011),) – 40,000

 

The other ‘unacceptable’ figures

 

§  The Sri Lankan Government census by Tamil teachers in Feb/Mar 2012 placed the number of war related deaths at 7432

§  UN country team in Sri Lanka put dead at 7721 – Ban Ki Moon’s panel says this figure is too low to except but 40,000 and more is a perfect figure… what kind of reasoning is that?

§  Amnesty International in a special report titled ‘When will they get justice? Failures of Sri Lanka’s Lessons Learnt and Reconciliation Commission’ published in 2011 quoted 10,000 civilian deaths.

§  Satellite analysis report on the graveyards in Mullaitivu by the American Association for the Advancement of Science identified 3 graveyards which had expanded to a highest number of 1346 and one of the graveyards belonged to the LTTE showing 960 burials. Why did satellites not detect 125,000 dead bodies or even 40,000?

§  Survey by the Government in the Northern region at the conclusion of the conflict placed the number of dead and missing during the final phase at 7400 dead and 2600 missing. The 7400 dead included LTTE fighters killed in combat. Of the 2600 missing, 1600 had been with the LTTE whereas only 438 had disappeared in areas under military control.

§  In July 2011 Tamil Officers (mostly teachers of the North) did a population survey of the North covering migration, deaths, untraceable persons from 2005 to 2009. These officers declare 7896 as dead including LTTE terrorists while the number of natural deaths due to old age and sickness was 1102.

§  Dr. V. Shanmugarajah – says the death toll is closer to 1000 (thousand)

§  Rajasingham Narendran – ‘My estimate is that the deaths — cadres, forced labour and civilians — were very likely around 10,000 and did not exceed 15,000 at most’

§  Dr. Michael Roberts based his estimates between 10,000 and 18,000

§  Tamilnet the LTTE propaganda wing reported a total of 7398 deaths.  

 

 

What does the lawbooks say?

§  Rule 1 of the ICRC declares the Principle of distinction between civilian and combatant. According to the rule, parties to the conflict must at all times distinguish between civilians and combatants. LTTE had a civilian force armed and trained to kill. Can these LTTE trained ‘civilians’ qualify as civilian under ICRC Rule 1? Principle of Distinction is blurred when LTTE has a civilian combatant force and LTTE also attack in civilian clothing.

§  Attacks may only be directed against combatants. Attacks must not be directed against civilians. LTTE should not have been shooting among civilians. Sri Lanka Army has every right to return fire because if they did not fire among civilians the LTTE should not have kept civilians among them too. However, LTTE has been firing among civilians since 1980s… was the UN asleep?

§  Under customary international law applicable to international and non-international armed conflicts. LTTE as combatants do not enjoy the protection against attack accorded to civilians.

§  LTTE also does not enjoy right to combatant status or prisoner of war status

§  Rule 6 declares that civilians are protected against attack unless and for such time as they take a direct part in hostilities. How many Tamils either voluntarily or by force took part in hostilities (for a short time or throughout)?

§  A conflict that began in the 1980s and ended in 2009 cannot have just one group of victims and be confined to one select period. Every victim from 1980s, 1990s, 2000 upto 2009 must be given equal treatment. Sadly that is not how UN/UNHRC and foreign players are functioning.

 

§  This brings us to the key questions no one wants to answer

§  Does the UN know how many civilians did not take part in hostilities?

§  Does the UN know how many civilians took part in one or two acts of hostilities making distinction further complicated?

§  Does the UN know how many civilians volunteered to take part in hostilities?

§  Does the UN know how many civilians may have died while taking part in hostilities?

§  Does the UN know how many will admit and own up to being a civilian but took part in hostilities during the last phase?

§  Can the UN rely on these civilian accounts if all those saved claim they did not take part in hostilities and thus provide them the package of witness protection for no reason?

§  How many LTTErs fought in civilian clothing (pl note all 11,000 cadres who surrendered to the Sri Lanka military were wearing civilian clothing)

§  How many LTTE cadres died in combat wearing civilian clothing?

§  How many LTTE cadres killed were in uniform?

 

 

Some questions for you to think about

 

§  If Tamil civilians and entire villages were taken by the LTTE for whatever reasons best known to them it is the LTTE that must be blamed for compromising their own people.

§  Let us not forget the Sri Lankan Government gave several opportunities to the LTTE to lay down arms and surrender. The LTTE response was that they would fight to the last man. Vany Kumar on C4 herself says the people wanted to stay with the LTTE. Contradicting this there are many accounts of LTTE firing at fleeing civilians.

§  The legality of combatants and non-combatants clearly denies any civilian the protection of a non-combatant if they had been taking part in hostilities. LTTE declared that the civilians were helping them – if so they lose their civilian status. How many of these ‘civilians’ were realistically ‘civilians’ If civilians were subject to the definition of a combatant – it is the LTTE that has to be blamed not the armed forces.

§  Let’s not forget that 300,000 Tamils were saved and brought to safety (this figure comprised people who were genuinely civilians, some who were part-time combatant & civilian, LTTE in civilian. Nothing happened to 11,000 LTTE fighters – most of them are now rehabilitated and reintegrated into society – that speaks volumes

§  Where are the voices for demanding what happened to 5000 missing soldiers? These men have parents, wives, children – what about their rights, these families do not even have a corpse of their ‘dead’ war hero?

§  Let’s also remember that all these dead must be able to correspond and corroborate with the census population statistics……

 

Presidential Missing persons commission as per its website of 16th June 2016 gives only 19,006 civilians missing and 5000 soldiers missing as of 1st March 2016. So the golden question is why is no one logging the names of the 40,000 or more dead? Surely, they can at least name the dead and that is just a formality to start any further or future investigations.

 

If the whole issue of war crimes against the Sri Lanka Army rests on people being killed before any hybrid courts are launched or judges selected we should at least know that people actually died and the only way to know that is to produce the names and details of these dead. So far there is only 19006 names given from a period that covers 1983 to 2009. It would be interesting to know how many names have been given for the period 2007-2009.

 

So let us set aside the theatrics and get down to answering some fundamental questions. No war crimes can be alleged without proving that people were killed, to prove that, the onus is on those making allegations to name the dead. Once that is done, there is need to determine how they died (LTTE firing, Sri Lanka Army firing, cross-fire, accident, suicide etc) Without these steps being established the GOSL has no right to agree to any type of court, investigation, local or foreign judges whatsoever.

 

 

 

Shenali D Waduge

 

 

අතිගරු ජනාධිපතිතුමා හා ඔරුගොඩවත්තේදී අත් අඩංගුවට ගත් කොකේන්

June 16th, 2016

චන්ද්‍රසේන පණ්ඩිතගේ විසිනි

කොකේන් කොතනද? අපේ අතිගරු ජනාධිපතිතුමා එතන ඇත. යන්න සැබෑවක් කරමින් පසුගිය දිනක රේගුව විසින් සීනි කන්ටේනරයක් සමග එවා තිබූ රුපියල් කෝට 300 ක් වටිනාකමකින් යුත් කොකේන් තොගය අත් අඩංගුවට ගැනීමත් සමගම අපේ ජනාධිපතිතුමා ඉර්දි ප්රාතිහාරයකින් මෙන් රේගුව තුලට සපැමිණ කොකේන් තොගය දෙස බලා, එය අල්ලා ගත් නිලධාරීන්ට ස්තුථි කරනු අප දුටුවෙමු. හදවතේ කැඩපත මුහුණ බව සැබෑවක් බැවින්  එදා එතුමාගේ මුහුණ හදවත තුල ඇති දේ මනාවට ජනතාවටත් රේගු නිලධාරීන්ටත් පෙන්වා දෙන ලදී..

කොකේන් යනු මෙලොව තුල ඇති මත් ද්රව්යක් බැවින්ද එය ජාත්යන්තරව තහනම් දෙයක් බැවින්ද මෙතරම් විශාල වටිනාකමක් ඇති මේ කොකේන් තොගය රටට සිදුකරන විනාාශය එතුමා දන්නා බැවින්ද, මේ මත් ද්රව්ය තොගයේ වටිනා කම කෝටි 300ක් වැනි විශාල වටිනාකමක් ඇති බැවින්ද. මේ සිදුවීම ආරංචි වූ විගසම එතුමා, එතුමාගේ සැලසුම්ගත සියලුම වැඩකටයුතු අත්හිටවා,  මේ කාර්යයට අවතීර්ණව ඇත. කෝටි 300ක කොකේන් කියන්නේ (කොකේන් මත්ද්‍රව්‍ය කිලෝ 100 ) එසේ මෙසේ දෙයක් නොවන බව දන්නා නිසා රේගු නිලධාරීන් කරන දෙය කුමක්ද යන්නද නොදන්නා බැවින් හනි හනිකට එතුමා මේ පර්යන්තයට වැඩ ඇත. මේ කොකේන් තොගය හා ජනාධිපතිඉුමා අතර ඇති අන්තර්සම්බන්ධතාවය කුමක්ද යන්න අද සමාජයට බලවත් ප්රශ්නයක්ව ඇත. නමුත් වගකිව යුතු ජනාධිපතිවරයකු වශයෙන් අහිතකර මත් ද්රව්යක් රටට ගෙනවිත් ඇති මොහොතක ඒ සම්බන්ධව සංවේදීවීම ස්වභාවිකය. සංවේදී වී ඒවා අල්ලාගත් මොහොතේ‌ේ‌ම එම ස්ථානයට කඩාවැදී ඒවා පිරික්ෂා කිරීමද අගය කල යුතුය. කඩා වැදී ඒවා අල්ලාගත් නිලධාරීන්ට ප්රශන්සා කිරීමද අගය කල යුතුය. එතැනින් එහාට සිදු කල යුත්තේ කුමක්ද යන්න ඉතා වැදගත්ය.

1.දැන් මත් ද්රව්ය කන්දරාව රේගුවෙන් නිදහස්ව ඇත.

  1. එය රට තුලට විත් හමාරය.
  2. එය දැන් ඇත්තේ විශේෂයෙන් ජනාධිපතිතුමා හා මුදල් අමාත්යාංශය එක්ව පිහිටුවාගත් මත් ද්රව්ය මර්ධන ඒකකය සතුව බවද කියවේ.
  3. මේ සම්බන්ධව පරීක්ෂණ කිරීම අඛණ්ඩව සිදු කරන බවක්ද ඇසේ.

මේ සියළු කථාන්දර ජනතාවට අලුත්ම චිත්රයක් මවාපායි. ඒ මවා පාන චිත්රය තුල මහා බයංකාර රූප රාමු වැලක්ම ඇත. අපි ඒ සම්බන්ධව කථා කල යුතුමය.

මේ සම්බන්ධව අතිගරු ජනාධිපති තුමාගේ මුහුණු පොතේ මෙවැනි සටහනක් ඇත.

අත්අඩංගුවට ගන්නා ලද කොකේන් කන්ටේනරය ජනපතිගේ නිරීක්ෂණයට

පොලිස් විශේෂ කාර්ය බලකාය සහ මුදල් අමාත්‍යාංශයේ නීතිවිරෝධි මත්ද්‍රව්‍ය විශේෂ වැටලීම් ඒකකය විසින් සොයා ගන්නා ලද කොකේන් මත්ද්‍රව්‍ය කිලෝ ග්‍රෑම් 91 ක් සහිත කන්ටේනරය අද (14) දහවල් ජනාධිපති ගරු මෛත්‍රීපාල සිරිසේන මැතිතුමාගේ නිරික්ෂණයට ලක් විය.

பொலிஸ் விசேட பிரிவும் நிதி அமைச்சின் சட்ட விரோத போதைப்பொருள் தடுப்புப் பிரிவும் இணைந்து கைப்பற்றிய கொக்கேன் போதைப்பொருள் 91 கிலோ கிராம் கொண்ட கொள்கலனை இன்று (14) பிற்பகல் ஜனாதிபதி கௌரவ மைத்ரிபால சிறிசேன அவர்கள் பார்வையிட்டார்.

A stock of ninety one (91) kilograms of cocaine, discovered by the Police Special Task Force and the Finance Ministry’s special unit to raid narcotics was observed by the President today.

මේ සටහනට අනුව මේ මත්ද්රව්ය තොගය සොයාගෙන ඇත්තේ,
1.පොලිස් විශේෂ කාර්ය බලකාය සහ මුදල් අමාත්‍යාංශයේ නීතිවිරෝධි මත්ද්‍රව්‍ය විශේෂ වැටලීම් ඒකකය විසින්ය.අතිගරු ජනාධිපතිතුමාගේ මුහුණු පොතේ වැරදි සටහනක් තිබිය නොහැක.

a. එය එසේ නම් රේගු නිලධාරීන් සිදුකලේ කුමක්ද? ඔවුනට මේ මත් ද්රව්ය අසු නොවීද යන පැනය ජනතාව තුල පැන නගී. එබැවින් මෙරට ජනතාව, මේ සම්බන්ධව රේගු නිලධාරීන්ගේ ප්රතිචාරය අපේක්ෂාවෙන් සිටී.

  1. 2. මුදල් අමාත්යාන්ශය තුලද නීති විරෝධී මත් ද්රව්ය වැටලීම් ඒකකයක් ඇති බව මේ සටහන එලි දක්වයි. එය සත්යක් නම්
  2. මුදල් අමාත්යාංශයට නීතිවිරෝධි මත්ද්‍රව්‍ය විශේෂ වැටලීම් ඒකකක් අවශ්යවන්නේ කුමකටද යන්න පැහැදිලි කල යුතුය.

c.මුදල් අමාත්යාංශය මීට පෙර නීති විරෝධී මත් ද්රව්ය වැටලීම් වලට සහභාගි වී තිබේද? ඒවා මොනවාද යන්නද? පැහැදිලි කල යුතුය.

d.අපේ ගම් වල ඇති හොර කසිප්පු ඇති තැන් සම්බන්ධව මුදල් අමාත්යාංයට පැමිණිලි කල විට ඔවුන් ඒවා වැටලීමට පියවර ගන්නවාද නැද්ද?

  1. එසේ නොකරන්නේ නම් ඇයි?

යන ප්රශ්න  වලට පැහැදිලි පිලිතුරු ඉදිරිපත් කල යුතුය. තවද?

f.මුදල් අමාත්යාන්සයේ විශේෂ හොර නෝට්ටු වැටලීමේ ඒකකයක් තිබේද? යන පැනය මෙරට ජනතාව අසයි.

දැන් මුදල් අමාත්යාංශයේද නීතිවිරෝධි මත්ද්‍රව්‍ය විශේෂ වැටලීම් ඒකකයක් ඇති බැවින්,

g. ස්වාධීන පොලිස් කොමිසම කල යුතු කාර්යයක්; ස්වාධීන නොවන මුදල් අමාත්යාංශයෙන්ද ඉටු කරන බැවින් මුදල් අමාත්යාංශය තුල පිහිටා ඇති
නීතිවිරෝධි මත්ද්‍රව්‍ය විශේෂ වැටලීම් ඒකකය නීතියට පටහැනිව ස්ථාපිව ඇති බව පැහැදිලිව දිස්වෙනවා.

cocaine01

එවිට නීති විරෝධී මත් ද්රව්ය, නීති විරෝධීව පිහිටුවා ඇති සෘජුවම මුදල් ඇමතිට ඇගිලි ගැසිය හැකි මධ්යස්ථානයක් වන “නීතිවිරෝධි මත්ද්‍රව්‍ය විශේෂ වැටලීම් ඒකක” යක බාරයට පත්වෙනවා. ඒ කියන්නේ හොරාගේ ගෙදරටම බඩුටික ගෙනත් දෙන යාන්ත්රණයක් ගොඩනංවා තිබෙන බවයි

තවද අනාගතයේදී යම් හෙයකින් මුදල් ඇමති වශයෙන් පාතාලයට සම්බන්ධව, මත් ද්රව්ය මෙරටට ගෙන්වන අයෙක් පත්වුනහොත්;  රට තුලට මත් ද්රව්ය ගෙන්වාගෙන රටතුලට මුදා හැරීමේ මෙය හොදටම ප්රමාණාතමක බව ජනතා විශ්වාසයයි. මෙය කල හැකි හා අනිවාර්යෙන්ම සිදුවෙන දෙයකි. රුපියල් කෝටි 300ක ම්ත් ද්රව්ය ගෙන්වීමට ආර්ථික ශක්තිය ඇති අයට මේ කටයුතු ඉතා පහසුවෙන් සිදුකල හැකි කාර්යයකි. එමනිසා රජය මේ මුදල් අමාත්යංශය තුල ඇති නීති  විරෝධී මත් ද්රව්ය ඒකකය විසුරුවා හැර , එම කටයුතු කිරීමට ස්වාධීන පොලිස් කොමිසම බාරයේ ඇති පොලීසියට බාර කල යුතුය. තවද මත් දව්ය ඉතා භයානකය, වැදගත් වන්නේ මත්ද්රව්ය ගෙන්වන ලද පුද්ගලයා අල්ලාගෙන හෝ ඒ වෙනුවට වෙනයම් අයෙක් රිමාන්ඩ් බාරයේ තබාගෙන සිටීම හෝ නොවේ අල්ලා ගත් මත් ද්රව්ය වලට සිදු කරන්නේ කුමකඅද යන්නයි. ගංජා හේනක් වටලා ගංජා ගස් කපා සුද්ද කර ගිනි තබන පොලීසියට, මේ අල්ලා ගත් කොකේන් තොගය හුරතල් කර කර බල බලා ඉන්නේ න‌ැතිව, අල්ලා ගෙන ඒවා කොකේන් බව සහතික කර එවලේම සම්මත විනිසුරු මඩුල්ලක් ඉදිරියේ ගිනි තබා විනාශ කලවිට සිදු කල යුතු නියම කාර්ය කලා යයි ජාතියට කිව හැකිය. එසේ නැතිව කොකේන් යම් ස්ථානයක නඩු භාණ්ඩ වශයෙන් තබාගෙන සිටිනවා යයි හගවා ඒවා රටට මුදා හැරීමට ඇති ඉඩකඩ අහුරාලන මෙන් මෙරට ජනතාව රජයට බලකර ඉල්ලා සිටී.

cocaine02
cocaine03cocaine06(කොකේන් මත්ද්‍රව්‍ය ප්‍රමාණය කිලෝ 100 ද? නැතිනම් කිලෝ 10X30=300 ක්ද? ලංකාදීප චායාරූපයට අනුව කිලෝ10 යේ පැකැට්ටු 30 ක් ඇත එසේනම් මුලුප්‍රමානය කිලෝ 300ක් වියයුතුයි)

අතිගරු ජනාධිපතිතුමා මෑත ඉතිහාසයේ ඇතිවූ මහා ගංවතුරින් අනාතව දුක් විදින ජනතාවගේ දුක සැප බැලීමටවත් නොගිය පුද්ගලයෙකු බව මෙරට ජනතාව හදුනා ගෙන ඇත. නාය ගොස් සම්පූර්ණ ගමක්ම යටවුන අවස්ථාවේද ඒ ස්ථානයට ගොස් ජනතාව විදින ගැහැට සම්බන්ධ කථා නොකල පුද්ගලයෙකි. එවන් ජාතික ආපදාමය තත්වයක් තුල ජපානයේ ජී 7 සමුලුවට පියඹා ගිය එතුමා්‌ෂුගියදා සාලාව හමුදා කදවුරේ සිදුවූ පිපිරීම හේතුවෙන් පීඩාවට පත්වූවන් අභියසටද නොගිය පුද්ගලයෙකි. ඒ එතුමාට පැවරී ඇති අධික රාජකාරී කටයුතු හේතුවෙනි. එවන් අධික කටයුතු ඇති ජනාධිපතිතුමාට යමෙක් මේ කොකේන් කන්ටේනරය සම්බන්ධව දන්වා ඇත.

1. එසේ දැන්වුයේ කවුද

2 නිතරම කුඩු තොග ගනනින් අල්ලන රටේ මේ සිදුවීම ජනාධිපතිවරයාට දැන්වීමට ඇති විශේෂය කුමක්ද?

 යන ප්රශ්න ගනනාවක් සමාජ පාර්ලිමේන්තුවේ කඩ මණ්ඩියක් ගානේ සාකච්ඡාකරමින් සිටින මොහොතක අර දකුණු ඇමරිකාවේ ජනාධිපතිලා මත් ද්රව්ය ජාවාරමේ යෙදෙන නිසාත් පැනමාවේ ජනාධිපති මත් ද්රව්ය වෙළදාම් කලායයි චෝදනා නගමින් ඒ රටට කඩාපැන ඇමරිකාවට බලෙන් ගෙන ගිය ආකාරයේ තත්වයක් අප රටට උරුම නොවිය යුතුයයි ජනතාව විශ්වාස කරයි මත් ද්රව්ය ඉතා ඉක්මනින් විනාශය ලංකරන බැවින් පරිස්සම්වීම අප සියල්ලන්ගේම වගකීමයි.

 

SOME OBSERVATIONS ON THE EELAM WAR

June 16th, 2016

KAMALIKA PIERIS

Sri Lanka’s armed forces were praised and admired long before the Eelam victory of 2009. The US Pacific Command team which evaluated the Sri Lanka army in 2002 said the soldiers were well motivated and were confident as a team.  They were well trained, knew their weapons, and were proficient in the skills expected of them. ‘Maneuvers in close proximity to automatic weapons fire were rapid,’ they noted. Soldiers had a good understanding of LTTE warfare and knew how to defeat the LTTE. They had maintained a fighting spirit amidst tremendous hardships and it was this spirit that had prevented more drastic defeats.  The army would have succeeded better if the entire system were committed to that end, they concluded.

The deputy head of the Naval Monitoring team of the SLMM, Lars Bleymann was on board “Pearl Cruiser II” when it was attacked by the LTTE in 2006. He wrote to the Navy high command   thanking the navy, from the bottom of his heart, for saving his life. He said that the officer in charge and his crew behaved in exemplary manner. The OIC was calm, collected, never wavered, and never lost coolness.   His crew carried out his orders. They are a credit to the navy and the Sri Lanka Navy is in very good shape, he said.

On another occasion, the head of the International Committee of Red Cross had written to Rajiva Wijesinha ‘Your men either at sea or on land, carried out their tasks in an exemplary manner. Whether it be to protect the state and its citizens or the care of the sick and wounded they displayed a strict discipline and respect for rules of engagement and at the same time a very respectful and kind attitude to help those in need.’

Geneva Convention (Additional Protocol II, 1977) is the only regulation that is of any use to a government engaged in civil war. This Protocol supports the right of governments to preserve national unity, protect territory, and maintain law and order in a civil war situation. This Protocol prohibits others from meddling in the war or interfering with any actions the government chooses to take on the matter.  Sri Lanka has not signed this Protocol and therefore cannot make use of these valuable clauses.  When asked why Sri Lanka did not do so, officials have no answer.  Observers ask, was it deliberate? The present trumped up ‘war crimes’ charges are due to this omission.  The Ottawa landmine treaty prohibits the use production and stockpiling of anti personnel mines. We have not signed that either.

The armed forces faced many obstacles when fighting this war, including sabotage. When the government negotiated to buy RM 70 multiple rocket launchers from Czechoslovakia, there was an attempt to scuttle the deal and the Czech manufacturers had to retain lawyers to proceed with the sale. The purchase was made but the plane carrying the launchers vanished after leaving Czechoslovakia. It was found in a former soviet republic. Sri Lanka made representation and the plane was allowed to take off. When the plane arrived in Sri Lanka, the Czech technicians in Colombo found that wires had been cut in both machines. They repaired the launchers with the help of SLAF technicians. The second aircraft carrying two more launchers was intercepted by fighter aircraft of a Middle Eastern country and forced to land in a military airport. It was held there for three weeks. An East European country had to make representation on behalf of Sri Lanka to secure the aircraft’s release. These rocket launchers were urgently needed by the army. LTTE fighting strength came primarily from their rocket launchers.

Some sections of the media also engaged in sabotage by publicizing arms purchases.  Specifications of the newly acquired fire finding equipment were published. Sensitive combat information was made public.  Navy said they could have targeted another LTTE vessel in addition to the ones they hit in 2003 if the media had not announced navy operations in advance. They charged that they could have destroyed at least four more LTTE ships in 2003 and 2006 if the media had not published sensitive information.

Military experts from UK, USA and India, three countries which opposed the war, were given an inside look at our armed forces. US Pacific Command invited by Prime Minister Ranil Wickramasinghe, carried out a comprehensive study of the armed forces, to see whether the government could defeat the LTTE. They assured, in their top secret report that this would not happen. The army did not have the necessary equipment. Air force    did not have a comprehensive air operational plan and lacked the equipment needed for surveillance and reconnaissance. They should acquire cluster bombs. US Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) was invited to advise on Sri Lanka’s intelligence. They used this to sit in on intelligence briefings.  Lt Gen Nambiar and Vice Admiral Jacob (India) were invited to advice on Jaffna high security zone and a special sea route for LTTE. General Rose (UK) came to advise on military reform.

When it became clear that the government was going to win the war, the western powers wanted President Rajapakse to stop the war. When Kilinochchi fell in January 2009 USA, UK, Norway and France followed by India and Japan tried to force this. These countries were trying to save the badly cornered LTTE. The pressure exerted on President Rajapakse was enormous. Representatives of UN, UNDP, ICRC together with the ambassadors for USA, India and European Union met the Foreign Minister. USA threatened to withhold the promised 9 million loan unless a ceasefire was declared and foreign intervention was allowed. UN Secretary General Ban Ki Moon sent his chief of staff, Nambiar to meet the President. UN wanted an immediate ceasefire.  USA wanted a meeting between the UN representative and Prabhakaran as well.

In the first three Eelam wars, Sri Lanka succumbed to international pressure and the military offensive was stopped when the army was about to win. The Rajapakse government refused to do this. President Rajapakse firmly stated that he was not going to stop the war. They were going to fight to the finish.  Nothing short of unconditional surrender could save the LTTE.  The UN was not needed. LTTE could contact the President through the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC).

USA had also wanted President Rajapakse to offer a general amnesty to the LTTE. This coincided with the unilateral ceasefire declared by the LTTE when they found they were losing. President Rajapakse refused. The government could not offer an amnesty, he said. Even if the top leaders surrendered the government would go ahead with legal proceedings against them for crimes committed. It was also too late for the LTTE to negotiate a deal with the government.   President said that he would not accept Prabhakaran as party to any future settlement. Nothing could be more ridiculous than allowing LTTE to take part in negotiations when it had lost it fighting capability.

About two months before the final battle at Nanthikadal lagoon, USA had offered to evacuate the top LTTE leaders and their families. There were secret negotiations to take away Prabhakaran, Sea tiger wing leader, Soosai, intelligence wing leader Pottu Amman and their families, numbering over 100.  US wanted them to surrender to a third party. Sri Lanka insisted that LTTE must surrender to Sri Lanka and not to a third party.  Weerawansa said the west had asked Prabhakaran to lay down arms to a third party because if he was arrested he would tell the government how the west had helped him with the war.

Bond Mahendran’s ‘circus’ of 22 foreign junkets at State expense within just 12 months..! -list…

June 16th, 2016

Courtesy Lanka-e-News

(Lanka-e-News -13.June.2016, 10.15PM) Believe it or not ! this is not a record taken out from the book of Ripleys . Rather ,this is a record breaking feat , inglorious though of Sri Lanka ‘s Governor of Central Bank ‘Bond  Mahendran’ alias Arjun Mahendran who travelled abroad as many as 22 times at public expense just within a period of 12 months  – February 2015 to February 2016 ! based on details garnered  by  Lanka e news.

Though these foreign junkets are claimed by him as official , many of them have been for his private purposes . It is on business class air tickets he has made these junkets and stayed in super luxury hotels . All these expenses of Bond Mahendran have been met out of State funds. (It is on one of these junkets he bought a dress for Rs. 1.2 million out of state funds !)

On one occasion in order to portray that he was on an official tour he had taken an ordinary employee of the Central Bank on the  foreign tour . He too had been provided with a business class air ticket and super luxury hotel comforts – all at public expense !

Bond-Mahendran_Air_ShowJ

According to Central bank rules and regulations , though an ordinary employee cannot be provided with such facilities , Bond Mahendran who went on foreign junkets as often as he changed his lankots , had not paid heed to  these rules. In addition , on some occasions , in order to cover  his foreign tour he has taken a photographer to whom the air ticket and hotel facilities were provided at state expense. But it has come to light on those occasions , the organizers of those Institutions have spent for the coverage . In this era in which taking a photograph is as simple as chewing betel,  Bond Mahendran  on the contrary taking  an individual from SL spending state funds immensely to take just a photograph when speaking at the meeting  is the joke of the century .

Of course if ‘Bond Mahendran’ alias ‘Pythiaguras’ (mad mentor) is the Head of State , his taking along such individuals is understandable , but  Bond Mehendran is only a Government officer . Hence his profligacy wasting public funds recklessly at a time when SL ‘s national income is slender , and the country is  head over heels in debt and hard put to repay, is unpardonable under any circumstances .

Moreover after Bond Mahendran became the Central Bank governor he has not only lost his headquarters which has gone into hiding in his hindquarters , he has also lost his memory having forgotten his travel on land. Imitating original James Bond , this spurious ‘Bond’, for  his travel (including his family ) within the country has been using the Air Force helicopter , and it is Central bank that has defrayed the expenses. These expenses have exceeded those of even the president . Despite the fact Bond Mahendran has only two weeks left before his term ends , even then he has arranged for 8 helicopter journeys ,based on Air Force sources.

Of course Bond Mahendran the Central Bank Governor is not one who carries a bundle of files under his arms and travels by a three wheeler , but going by his behavior after he became the governor it is clear he does not know  where to draw his line.

The foreign junkets of Bond Mahendran for the period between February 2015 and February 2016

10-21 February 2015 – America
07-12 March 2015  –  America
27th June to 02 nd July- Singapore and Japan
10-16 July 2015 – New Zealand
20-21 August 2015 – Singapore
25-26 August 2015 -Singapore
01-05 September 2015 – Singapore and New Zealand
15-17 September 2015 – United Arab Emirates
01-04 October  2015 -Singapore
05-06 October 2015 –Maldive Islands
12-18 October – 2015 Singapore
31st October to 01 st November2015  –  Singapore
13-17 November 2015 – Singapore
21-23 November 2015  – India
24-29 November 2015   – Philippines
27  th November  2015  -Philippines and thereafter Singapore
08-12 December 2015 – Singapore
20-23 December 2015 – Saudi Arabia
26-28 December  2015 -India
20-24 January 2016– Switzerland
05-10 February 2016  -France
15-17 February 2016– China

Does such a State officer who revels and rejoices in wasting public funds be given another one year extension in service ?

The related documentary evidence can be viewed by clicking below  this photograph after magnification 

(Await the exposure by Lanka e news of  the Credit card waste of funds of notorious Bond Mahendran ! ) 

BRIT EXIT DEBATE which Ranil wants to stay in

June 16th, 2016

 

Abolition of exchange controls – Will it help the country?

June 16th, 2016

By Dr. Janaka Ratnasiri Courtesy The Island

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During the recent no-confidence debate on the Finance Minister, the Prime Minister (PM) was reported to have said in the Parliament that country’s exchange controls would be removed before the next budget in November (Sunday Island, 12.06.2016). He added that “Sri Lanka’s foreign reserves were expected to double to USD 12 billion by the end of this year thanks to loans and grants from China, India and Japan, and that the government planned to raise about USD 4.2 billion offering bonds to foreigners”. Apparently, the justification was to attract more investors.

Finance Minister’s address at Hong Kong

The Finance Minister (FM), too, has made a similar statement while delivering a keynote address at the 2016 Asian Investment Conference held last April in Hong Kong. He was heard saying that he aimed to turn capital (Colombo) into a financial hub modeled after Hong Kong and Singapore and that exchange controls would be abolished and invited investors to deposit their surplus money in Sri Lanka guaranteeing its safety, particularly from those living in Asia (https://www.credit-suisse.com/microsites/conferences/aic/en/blog/sri-lanka-finance-minister-we-are-back-in-business.html). Similar sentiments were also expressed by the Central Bank Governor (CBG) giving the same justification (The Island, 14.06.2016).

Listening to what the FM and the PM have said, one wonders whether there is any necessity to abolish exchange controls altogether merely to attract foreign investors. If attracting foreign investors whether to start up industries or new business ventures or to safe-keep their money, the ministers could have said that such investors be exempted from existing exchange controls instead of promising exchange controls would be totally abolished like in Singapore or Hong Kong. The picture the FM has painted in the Hong Kong forum that exchange controls were an impediment to bring investors is not correct.

Are exchange controls really an impediment?

The exchange control regulations have not been an impediment to foreign investments as so many investors have come and gone over the years taking whatever returns they have earned with them. The only difference is that an investor cannot at present walk into a bank and remit his entire balance out of the country with no question asked. He has to first get exchange controller’s approval which is granted readily after it is confirmed that he has met his commitments – payment of employees’ salaries, EPF contributions, payments to raw material suppliers and taxes to the government etc. Does the FM want all this verifications done away with and allow an investor to take away his money without honoring his commitments?

I believe that in other countries where exchange controls are relaxed, governments, unlike ours, would not have had to depend on foreign loans to build up their foreign exchange reserves. With far reaching vision, planning and integrity of their leaders, they have been able to build up adequate foreign exchange reserves which enabled them to relax their exchange controls. But, is the situation similar here? It is indeed sad to hear the PM saying that the government would abolish exchange controls allowing people to remit money as much as they wish to saying that money borrowed from friendly countries is available for that purpose!

Country’s balance of payment

The external trade has been performing poorly over the years with the import-export deficit deteriorating from USD 4,825 million in 2010 to USD 8,430 million in 2015, a 75% increase (M/Finance Annual Report 2015). According to this report, the total external reserves which amounted to US$ 9.3 billion by end 2015 were sufficient to meet only 4.6 months of imports. Even this reserve was built up from loans taken from several countries as well as from lending institutions like the IMF and ADB.

Under such a critical situation with regard to external reserves, how prudent is it to remove exchange control regulations for whatever the reason? Won’t it open a floodgate, draining the little foreign exchange we have? The trio (PM, FM & CBG) should realize that the balance the country has now is mainly contributed by the blood and sweat of our housemaids slaving in the middle-east and not so much by the affluent business community most of whom are now given tax exemptions by the FM. The trio has no moral right to allow the rich to squander this money on jaunts abroad and sustain luxury lifestyles. President Sirisena should intervene to stop them from ruining the country’s economy.

Way to create a healthy balance of payment

The policymakers, both politicians and administrators, seem to be oblivious to so many opportunities the country has to improve the external trade balance but not doing anything about it. A few of them were highlighted in the writer’s article, Sustainable Economy, which appeared in The Island of 10th, 14th and 28th August 2015. In this article, only a few sectors – tea, fisheries, electronics and energy – were covered. But, there are many more opportunities available where the export earnings could be increased and imports reduced and create a healthy external balance, but such initiatives need government intervention, which unfortunately is not forthcoming.

In 2015, Sri Lanka has imported USD 2,296 million worth of textiles. At one time Sri Lanka had several textile factories in Veyangoda, Pugoda, Thulhiriya and Wellawatta. Except Thulhiriya others were razed to the ground. Was it the incompetency of Sri Lankans to manage textile manufacturing or corruption that led to their closure? At least a part of this money could have been saved had those factories had been in operation. If Thulhiriya could do that under private management, there is no reason why others couldn’t.

Sri Lanka has also imported in 2015 USD 251 million worth of milk foods and USD 253 million worth of sugar. There is a potential to reduce both these amounts by producing them locally but not done for various reasons. The local production of sugar is less than 10% of the country’s requirements, but this could be enhanced easily. Increasing their production locally will provide more employment to the rural poor, but again importing goods are more attractive to decision makers than local production.

Conflict between imports and production

The issue is that policymakers are ready to support imports rather than local production and make the produce available to the people. For example, in 2014 and 2015, sums of USD million 282 and 135 respectively, were spent on rice imports while it has been in the range of USD 18-24 million only annually during 2011 – 2013 (M/F AR 2015). Why was there a sudden increase in rice imports in 2014 and 2015? Do people prefer imported rice to the local varieties?

Readers may recall that the country has recently had a surplus rice production but there is no mechanism to purchase, store and market it to the people at reasonable prices after processing. As a result, surplus rice probably after spoilage was sent to animal feed factories. What prompted the policymakers to import such large quantities of rice when there was a surplus production in the country? The answer is simple – imports yield more commissions!

According to the editorial of the Sunday Divaina of 12.06.2016, some of the institutions where corruption prevails come under the purview of ministers who are themselves alleged to be most corrupt. The editor further says that they and corrupt officials could plunder the institutions and raze them to the ground. This is exactly what happened during past regimes when several factories including ceramics, textiles, plywood, paper and many more were literally razed to the ground. The army’s central armoury at Salawa was built on the razed plywood factory premises!

Failure to attract foreign investors in the past

From the time the free trade zones were set up in the country several decades ago, regime after regime was wooing foreign direct investments (FDI) by offering many tax benefits and infrastructure facilities. Some have set up ventures but not to the level the other countries in Asia have achieved. Before the FM invites investors to Sri Lanka offering free exchange transactions, he should examine the real reasons for the poor response to previous calls for investments.

According to Central Bank data, FDIs amounting to USD 1,066 million were received in 2011 which increased to USD 1,581 million in 2014, showing a healthy positive growth. However, in 2015, it declined to USD 970 million. The exchange control issue cannot come into play all of a sudden. Then was it the change of government and the investors’ loss in confidence in the new government? It appears that the FM’s appearance at the Hong Kong meeting was a damage control exercise. The question is whether it will work.

Hurdles investors have to face

Setting up an industry or a development project in areas such as energy, petroleum, highways needs clearance at different levels even before the project commences. These range from Grama Niladaris at the bottom to the Cabinet at the top. In between are the Divisional Secretary’s Office, Pradesheeya Sabha Chairman, Provincial Council Chairman, Central Environmental Authority and various government departments and institutions if any of them is likely to get affected such as forest, archeology, coast conservation, wildlife, BOI, and sustainable energy authority etc. The FM should study how speedy these institutions perform in granting clearance to projects and what is expected unofficially of the investor to improve the speed. It is no secret that at all these places there are vultures waiting to get their share.

Once operations commence, there are many hurdles an industrialist or a project proponent has to overcome to export his products or keep the project running. These include getting the products certified, payment of taxes due including VAT refunds, importing raw materials and exporting the finished products through the customs. The FM should add these institutions also to the above list. It is not seldom that one reads in the media about corrupt practices taking place therein.

Create corruption-free country to attract investors

The FM, at the end of his address, said that he was planning to attend the forum next year and by that time, Sri Lanka would be a robust financial centre. With all exchange controls removed, he was expecting more investors to come. Instead, if he could say next year that Sri Lanka has eliminated corruption altogether at all levels, I am sure more investors would flock to the country, because corruption has been the main obstacle for investors to do business here, despite his theme, “Sri Lanka is back to business”.

Will the FM be able to make Sri Lanka free from corruption? The President gave an outline of his plans to achieve this at the recent London Summit on Corruption. Will he get the support of his Cabinet members to eliminate corruption? He can do it by exercising his executive powers, but will he?

If the President wants to see the country prosper economically, he has no choice but to bring to justice the corrupt without leaving it to various commissions and officials who have not demonstrated any urgency in the matter. He should stop making public utterances on corruption but get down to work himself, first starting at the Cabinet level to make the country free of corruption. The newspaper editors cannot then point their fingers at them branding them as the most corrupt in the country.

MINSTER COMPLAINS ABOUT HIS PAIN IN NECK BONES AND OTHER BONES IN THE BODY DUE TO TRAVELLING IN A SMALL CAR…………………..

June 16th, 2016

Dr Sarath Obeysekera

Dear Readers

No wonder why some people say “sinhalaya modaya” .

Statement by a minister regarding his aches and pains he is getting when he travels in small car.and asking for an expensive Mercedes Benz ,is outrageous.

I read today about a decision by the Philipino president declaring that all ministers should ride in smaller Toyota as an austerity measure .

This minister who said “Appochchi Mala ( dad died ) ,does not mean that we should keep his body in then house “ and became famous being candid ,reminds me of a Russian anecdote !

Three people .one Russian ,One American and a Frenchman were walking in the beach and discussing about in what instance they felt so lazy to do something .

The American said that when he was having a walk he saw a wallet full of cash on the road ,and he felt lazy to bend to pick it up ,and he walked away .

The Frenchman was walking in the beach and saw a nude woman lying and sunbathing and calling him to have fun ,and he was feeling lazy  to put his pants down ,hence he walked away .

The Russain was thinking that his reason has to be more convincing one and said that he went to a movie and kept crying whole 2 hours because he was lazy to get up .

And the other two were so curious and asked why, he said that he sat on his own (balls) testicles and it was so painful and yet he was  so lazy to stand up and release it

I wonder the minister did the same thing when he was travelling outstation ,and felt lazy to get up and kept sitting  on his “bones” and lazy to stand up .

 

Dr Sarath Obeysekera

Are we re inventing apartheid in SriLanka?

June 16th, 2016

Dr SARATH OBEYSEKERA

This is taken in a Sri Lankan railway station Are we re inventing apartheid in SriLanka?

Dear minister What is the difference between our shit from theirs Can’t we get rid of this mentality I have never seen any country where locals are discriminated against foreigners God save the queen

Our politicians talk big about our culture for last 3000 years and yet we behave as if we are from Jungle age Unesco and ministry of culture should look into this ???

ToiletinSLToiletinSL2Dr SARATH OBEYSEKERA

West-Wahhabi Islamic Terror: Does Sri Lanka have cause to worry?

June 15th, 2016

Shenali D Waduge

With Sri Lanka’s intelligence virtually crippled having key officers still kept in prison, the public have to do the duty of connecting the dots. There are some alarming developments taking place. Islamic fundamentalism and Western-created Islamic missionaries go hand in hand. Wahhabi faith is a creation of British intelligence while the present day Islamic terrorists are all Western-trained mercenaries hired from West’s Muslim allies. Therefore, fundamentalism and terrorism are part of the same chaos countries that are targets of Western hegemony end up having to face. It is a pity that the Muslim world will neither accept the truth about Wahhabi fundamentalism or refuse to become cannon fodder. Sri Lanka had to deal with 76million world Tamils. This time round it is 1.3 billion Muslims. Our leaders seriously need to wake up.

Some important factors

  1. Islamic terror a Western created geopolitical tool aligned to West’s Muslim-friendly states (political Islam is West’s trump card for military interventions/illegal occupation)
  2. Wahhabi Islam a creation of Britain and used to turn Muslims into fundamentalists (goal is to divide Muslims-Muslims and cause dissent between non-Muslims and Muslims) Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Qatar, UAE and even Turkey allies of West for this endeavor. http://www.worldaffairsjournal.org/article/saudi-connection-wahhabism-and-global-jihad
  3. Western Govts, western-owned media, western-funded NGOs/Rights Groups promote ‘Muslims are victim’ bogus propaganda as a strategy to further antagonise the majority as these minorities are indirectly urged to indulge in incursive actions against majority to add further reasons to create the backlash when the West sees fit. (attempt to build a minaret above Dalada Maligawa, attempt to set up mosques in Buddhist sacred sites)
  4. Inability of Muslims to understand 1), 2), & 3) and thereby becoming ready & willing guineapigs
  5. West uses 1), 2) 3) & 4) to create dissent in targeted countries and thereafter arms both sides and enters scene as conflict-resolutionists while in reality putting a foothold in lands that provide geopolitical/trade advantage to them.

Developing trend towards these objectives in Sri Lanka

  • June 2016 US Country Report on Terrorism – Sri Lanka section speaks of ISIL links http://srilankabrief.org/2016/06/usa-country-reports-on-terrorism-2015-srilanka/
  • Is the ISIS threat catching up to Sri Lanka? By Vicky Najappa http://www.slguardian.org/2016/02/is-the-isis-threat-catching-up-to-sri-lanka/ article highlights Salafist sectarian groups such as Thawheed Jamaat promoting sectarian discord within Islam and against other sects like Shias and Ahmadiyas.
  • February 2016 “Fundamentalism Creeps Into Muslim International Schools” Colombo Telegraph reports that Ilma International, a leading Muslim private girls school in Colombo Sri Lanka, has been preaching a fundamentalist Islamic ideology to its children (Muslim girls) Salafist- Wahabist teachings  were being taught https://www.colombotelegraph.com/index.php/fundamentalism-creeps-into-muslim-international-schools/
  • January 2016 Defense Secretary says 36 Sri Lankans gone to Syria some to join ISIS http://www.dailymirror.lk/101721/36-sri-lankans-gone-to-syria-some-to-join-isis-def-secy According to Sri Lankan military sources all 36 men and their extended families adhere to the strict and fundamentalist interpretation of the Quran.
  • January 2016 http://www.sundaytimes.lk/160110/news/lanka-hoping-for-us-1-billion-from-saudi-banks-178397.html What will be strings attached to this?
  • In 2015 a Muslim poet and activist Sharmila Seyyid was forced to flee the country after being ”hounded by Mullahs”. The poet who is a mother of one and wrote her poetry in Tamil had been threatened repeatedly by fundamentalist elements in her hometown in Batticaloa.
  • July 2015 Daily Mirror “Sri Lanka’s ISIS militant: Why we should be (very) worried” following the announcement of a Sri Lankan Muslim going to fight for ISIS and getting killed in Syria.M. Muhsin Nilan had been a karate instructor and teacher at an international school in Kurunegala (wonder what he taught those innocent children) http://www.dailymirror.lk/81155/sri-lanka-s-isis-militant-why-we-should-be-very-worried
  • August 2015 Sri Lanka included into ISIS map (wonder by whom!) what is noteworthy is that Sri Lanka is supposed to be a target of ISIS by 2020 (that’s just 4 years away) http://www.asianmirror.lk/news/item/10653-sri-lanka-reportedly-included-in-new-isis-map
  • 2014 Is there an illegal Muslim settlement and mosque inside Wilpattu? http://www.onlanka.com/news/is-there-an-illegal-settlement-and-mosque-inside-wilpattu-national-park.html
  • 2014 Defence Secretary Gotabhaya Rajapaksa (at the Defense Seminar) pointed out that some foreign groups were trying to encourage Sri Lankan Muslims to identify themselves with the global Muslim community, thereby reducing their integration with the local Muslim community.
  • 2014 Thawheed Jamaath Seeks Foreign Support To Protect Muslims Of Sri Lanka http://www.asianmirror.lk/news/item/2187-thowheed-jamaath-seeks-foreign-support-to-protect-muslims-of-sri-lanka Thawheed are representatives of Wahhabis in Sri Lanka
  • July 2014 Web comment from Nalliah Thayabharan http://www.lankaweb.com/news/items/2014/07/03/muslims-wiped-out-complete-civilisations/ In Saudi Arabia there is no Church, Synagogue, Buddhist nor Hindu Temple is allowed. Wahhabism (pseudo Salafism) is NOT a religion of tolerance. Wahhabism provides the fundamental base for Jihadism which causes unending strife and misery. It is not Iran that should be bombed. In Iran there are still Jews living there and praying in their Synagogues…. Washington and London are protecting Wahhabi extremists…. In post- Muammar al-Gaddafi Libya,Wahhabi Jihadists bulldozed several Libyan Sufi mosques (including the Tripoli’s Al-Shaab Al-Dahman mosque) and Sufi graves (including the tombs of Libyan Sufi scholars Abdullah al-Sha’ab, Abdel Salam al-Asmar and of soldiers who fought Spanish colonialists). Wahhabi Jihadists also burned down several historic Sufi libraries in Libya recently. Wahhabis are trying to take the peaceful Islamic community in Sri Lanka down the path of extremism and violence. Wahhabis have already created deep divisions in among Sri Lankan Muslims and have formed gangs that intimidate moderate Muslims who speak out against Wahhabi fanatics. Wahhabis claim that moderate Sri Lankan Muslims do not know anything of Islam and only themselves are the real scholars of Islam. Saudi Arabia spends 87 billion US dollar per year to spread Wahhabism world-wide. Wahhabis have infiltrated Sri Lanka Broadcasting Corporation (SLBC). Almost all the participants and staffers in the Muslim section of Sri Lanka Broadcasting Corporation are Wahabis and use the State radio to propagate Wahhabism… more than sixty Muslim Wahhabi organizations helping in propagating the movement throughout Sri Lanka. CIA introduced Wahhabism in Sri Lanka through Saudi Arabia as a means of countering the growing support for Iran and Sufism among the Sri Lankan Muslims since CIA had calculated that Wahhabism would be an effective rival theology to prevent the spread of Iranian influence in Sri Lanka.
  • 2013 Ministry of Education sets up Arabic University (questioning why ethnic-based universities are being allowed) in a country that speaks Sinhala, Tamil, English why is there need for Arabic?
  • April 2013 US media (World Net Daily) reported that Al Qaeda was operating in Sri Lanka & Bangladesh http://adaderana.lk/news.php?nid=22368
  • February 2013 D B S Jeyraj quoting Shamindra Ferdinando reports that Sri Lanka hunted down a foreign Al Qaeda suspect in Puttalam and handed him to CIA in a US extraordinary rendition programme in 2003. Only the then Premier Ranil Wickremesinghe, Defence Minister Tilak Marapone, Defence Secretary Austin Fernando and Minister Milinda Moragoda were aware of the operation.  http://dbsjeyaraj.com/dbsj/archives/16789
  • March 2013 – WikiLeaks: A Growing Wahhabi Presence In Eastern Province – Muslim Leaders (ColomboTelegraph) US Ambassador Blakes cable https://www.colombotelegraph.com/index.php/wikileaks-a-growing-wahhabi-presence-in-eastern-province-muslim-leaders/
  • January 2012 Sri Lanka orders 161 foreign clerics out http://www.dailymirror.lk/16251/sl-orders-161-foreign-islamic-clerics-out These clerics had come on tourist visa and were going round Sri Lanka preaching Wahhabism.
  • February 2009 a 150-year old shrine belonging to Sufis was destroyed by Thawheed in the city of Ukuwela
  • July 2009 conflict between Thawheed and the Qadiri Sufi order, in the southwestern town of Beruwala, led to two deaths, more than 40 people injured, and 132 arrests. There are said to be around  800 Sufi mosques in Sri Lanka.
  • August 16, 2009, Muslim Home Guards recruited by the Sri Lankan government to fight the Tamil rebels had deserted with their weapons and joined Thawheed to fulfill its demand for “Jihad” against traditional Muslims. (Sunday Times)
  • Since 2009 a significant influx of Wahhabi preachers and activists from south India and Saudi Arabia entering Sri Lanka
  • 2008 (AsianTribune) Katankudy Sufi Muslims Prevented from Entering Their Homes
  • 2007 Asian Tribune – Ugly face of Wahabism in Sri Lanka begins to seep. President of the All Ceylon Thareekathul Muflihen confirms the existence of Wahabists in Kattankudy and other parts of Sri Lanka http://www.asiantribune.com/index.php?q=node/7203
  • The Halal labelling and the regulations requiring Muslims to enter non-Muslim businesses and look through the ingredients to confirm non-halal product usage while also charging non-Muslim companies to pay a separate amount was also a means to create dissent and disunity started by Thawheed wahhabists in Sri Lanka. Minorities with less than 8% population cannot dictate how the food labelling of a country should be and charge too.
  • In similar incursive fashion Islamic banking has also been introduced. These are all with long term goals and takes Sri Lanka a step close to making it another Maldives divested of its Buddhist past.

Islamic Terrorists – foot-soldiers of the Western military alliance

Saudi Arabia created by British – Saudi faith Wahhabism is not Islam

Just like Africa was divided amongst the Anglo-Americans, the Middle East too was redrawn out of the Ottoman Empire. The chaos the West has created and the areas under ‘West’s rebels’ are exactly the same as the map they created in 1930.

Noteworthy is that Wahhabism was created by British before the creation of modern Saudi Arabia again by the British.

Origins of Wahhabism –

British spy named Hempher was responsible for shaping of the extreme tenets of Wahhabism as part of colonial British divide & rule policy (details in Memoirs of Hempher)

http://web.archive.org/web/20040805212422/http://asmar.perso.ch/wahhabies/htm/spy1.htm )

Britain’s orders to Hempher were “O Hempher, your next mission comprises these two tasks:

  1. To discover Muslims’ weak points and the points through which we can enter their bodies and disjoin their limbs. Indeed, this is the way to beat the enemy.
  2. The moment you have detected these points and done what I have told you to, [in other words, when you manage to sow discord among Muslims and set them at loggerheads with one another], you will be the most successful agent and earn a medal from the Ministry.”

Also read – Understanding the Origins of Wahhabism and Salafism http://www.jamestown.org/programs/tm/single/?tx_ttnews%5Btt_news%5D=528#.V2DHc49OLcc

Wahhabi fundamentalism influencing Muslims

  • Saudis fund US mosques. There are over 1850 mosques in the UK.
  • Until the seventies, women here were free to wear almost whatever they wanted. Bedouin women wore bright clothes and burqas, the parting of their hair and their kohl-lined eyes left exposed. Religious fanaticism led to the black abaya and facial covering being imposed on all female government employees, and on schools and universities. Wahhabi Islam demands conformity. All people must dress similarly – thus the black dress.

http://www.thedailybeast.com/articles/2014/10/30/saudi-activist-manal-al-sharif-on-why-she-removed-the-veil.html

http://209.157.64.201/focus/f-chat/3011042/posts

The abhaya, niqab, burka are not Islam but new cultures induced by Wahhabi Islam. This is why this new dress not seen earlier is now being promoted through the mosques and by influencing Muslim men to force their wives and children to adopt the new dress. The Defense Secretary Karunasena Hettiarachchi recently said that the rise in burqa which was not prevalent decades ago is a significant factor in understanding the level of fundamentalism that prevails.

Wahhabis in Sri Lanka act through a movement called Thawheed. In the small eastern town of Kattankudy a land area of 2.56sq.km with a population of 47,603 has over 42 mosques.

” This has never been the case and its alarming that the authorities didnt even pay due regard to this. Muslims of Sri Lanka have been a very vibrant part of the Lankan literature and culture. Never were their people imposing their beliefs systems on other Muslims. Those days a mosque festival used to be where the Sinhalese Tamil and Muslim children came to play and enjoy while the elders were reciting in the mosque. It was actually a feast with lights and decorations but today how many do we see?’ MAM Ismail a resident of Kandy told the Colombo Telegraph.

“If you take Sinhala racism, the opposition comes from the Sinhalese itself. Even if its Tamil seperatism on social media its the Tamil community who first raise the flag and then joined by either racist or moderate Sinhalese. But what is alarming is the silence of Muslims. Muslims just do not ever speak against this and its on one hand sad and on the other very alarming”, Channa Abeetha Dahanayanke a researcher on anthropology and social media trends told the Colombo Telegraph.

It is crucial to put the zigsaw puzzles together. To do that one needs to understand the connections. If people understand that the Saudi Wahhabi faith has been created to not only divide & kill Muslims but as a means to sow dissent against Muslims by non-Muslims whiles these fundamentalists are been grown and brainwashed and spread to all corners so that the West can enter as conflict-resolutionists or to fulfil the ‘war on terror’ by illegal occupation … then we would all have understood the real story. If not, we will only be realizing the West’s goal and playing into the agenda ignorantly.

Shenali D Waduge

 

ගංජා භාවිතය සහ මානසික සෞඛ්‍යය -Cannabis use and Mental Health

June 15th, 2016

Dr Ruwan M Jayatunge M.D.

ගංජා හෙවත් ත්‍රෛලෝක්‍ය විජිනි පත‍්‍ර ශාකය ආයුර්වේද ඖෂධයක් ලෙස අතීතයේ සිට යොදාගෙන ඇත​. ගංජා වල වේදනා නාශක ගුණය , අපස්මාර තත්වයන් සමනය කිරීමේ හැකියාව පරියේෂනාත්මකව පෙන්වා දී තිබේ. නමුත් ගංජා වැඩෙන මස්තිෂ්කයට අහිතකර ලෙස බලපාන බව පරියේෂණ මගින් තහවුරු වී තිබේ. මෑතකදී ගංජා මිශ්‍ර කොට තනන ලද නව වේදනා නාශකයක් ප්‍රංශයේ අත්හදා බැලීමේ දී එක් පුද්ගලයෙකුගේ මොළය සම්පුර්ණයෙන් අකර්මණ්‍ය වී තිබේ. 

දීර්ඝකාලීන ගංජා භාවිතය මගින් විශාදය (Depression)  , සයිකෝසීය තත්වයන් (Cannabis Induced Psychosis) , ගංජා ප්‍රේරිත අව අභිප්‍රායන   සහලක්ෂණය  (Cannabis induced amotivational syndrome)  වැනි තත්වයන් වාර්තා වී තිබේ. ගංජා භාවිතය නිසා සයිකෝසියාවන් , විශාද තත්වයන් ඇතිවූ තරුණ පුද්ගලයන් ගනනාවකට අප ප්‍රතිකාර කලෙමු. 

පාසැල් දරුවන්ගේ ගංජා භාවිතය ඉහළ ගොස් ඇති බව  ඖෂධ පාලක මණ්ඩලය වාර්තා කරයි. ලංකාවේ  ගංජා භාවිතය පාසල් සිසුන් අතර පැතිරීම සෞඛ්‍යමය වශයෙන් අර්බුධ ඇති කරයි. ගංජා ආරක්‍ෂිත  ඖෂධයක් යන අදහස පාසල් සිසුන් අතර පැතිරීම විනාශකාරී තත්වයක් බව මනෝ විද්වතුන් පෙන්වා දෙති. 

විශේෂඥ මනෝ වෛද්‍ය උපාලි පීරිස් සහ මහාචාර්‍ය මොන්ඩේ ඉග්වේ (Ebonyi State විශ්ව විද්‍යාලය -නයිජීරියාව ) සහ මා විසින් ගංජා භාවිතය සහ මානසික සෞඛ්‍යය පිලිබඳ   පරියේශන පත්‍රිකාවක් ලියුවෙමු. මේ පත්‍රිකාවේ ගංජා භාවිතය නිසා තුරුණු පුද්ගලයන් අතර ඇතිවිය හැකි සෞඛ්‍යය දුර්විපාක ගැන සාකච්ඡා කෙරේ.

Cannabis use and Mental Health

  Upali P. K. PerisMonday N. Igwe, Ruwan M Jayatunge    

Abstract

Cannabis sativa (marijuana) which has been used throughout the world for thousands of years has been established to exert significant negative effects on the physical and mental health as well as social and occupational functioning of users. Cannabis abuse can also have profound negative effects on families and communities. Despite these, the prevalence of marijuana abuse and dependence disorders has been increasing recently among adults and adolescents. Prevention and intervention programs for marijuana abuse are highly essential. Early intervention initiatives and psycho education strategies are important in preventive actions.

Introduction

Cannabis sativa (marijuana) has been used throughout the world medically, recreationally and spiritually for thousands of years (Maule, 2015). It is the most commonly used illicit drug in the world (Wittchen et al., 2009). Despite being illegal in many countries, it is easily obtained and even homegrown (Delisi et al., 2006). According to the results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health, the rate of marijuana use has had a steady increase since 2007. Cannabis use continues to constitute social and public health problem.

The cannabis plant (Cannabis sativa) has a long history of use both as a medicinal agent and intoxicant (ElSohly & Slade, 2005). There are over 400 chemicals in marijuana. Active compounds of cannabis, called cannabidiols, have 64 active isomers. Only one metabolite, tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is reported to be an active metabolite responsive for its effects (Morrison et al., 2009). THC usually refers to the naturally existing isomer of delta-9-THC, but also may include delta-8-THC. The delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol contains psychoactive properties. Marijuana produces a number of characteristic behaviors in humans and animals, including memory impairment, antinociception, and locomotor and psychoactive effects (Sim-Selley, 2003).

THC leads to increased activation in frontal and paralimbic regions and the cerebellum (Chang   & Chronicle, 2007).Cannabinoids act on a specific receptor that is widely distributed in the brain regions involved in cognition, memory, reward, pain perception, and motor coordination (Adams & Martin, 1996). Cannabis produces euphoria and relaxation, perceptual alterations, time distortion, and the intensification of ordinary sensory experiences (Hall, Solowij & Lemon 1994).

Although most people who smoke cannabis will develop neither severe mental health problems nor dependence, regular use of cannabis may be associated with a range of health, emotional, behavioural, social, and legal problems, particularly in young, pregnant, and severely mentally ill people (Winstock, Ford & Witton, 2010). Cannabis users who also smoke tobacco are more dependent on cannabis, have more psychosocial problems and have poorer cessation outcomes than those who use cannabis but not tobacco (Peters, Budne & Carroll 2012).

Epidemiological studies indicate that approximately 10% of lifetime cannabis users meet the criteria for cannabis abuse or dependence (Anthony et al., 1994; Cottler et al., 1995; Hall et al., 1999). The epidemiological literature shows that cannabis use increases the risk of accidents (Hall, 2015) and risk of motor vehicle crashes (Hall & Degenhardt, 2009). Cannabis is currently one of the leading substances reported in arrests (Dennis et al., 2002).

Tolerance and dependence to cannabinoids develop after chronic use, as demonstrated both clinically and in animal models (Sim-Selley, 2003). According to Levin and colleagues (2011) Cannabis dependence is a substantial public health problem. A large body of evidence now demonstrates that cannabis dependence both behavioral and physical, does occur in about 7-10% of regular users, and that early onset of use, and especially of weekly or daily use, is a strong predictor of future dependence (Kalant, 2004).  Cannabis dependence or cannabis use disorder is defined in the fifth revision of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) as a condition requiring treatment (Gordon   Conley & Gordon, 2013).

Cannabis withdrawal is an important component of cannabis dependence (Lee et al., 2014). As many as 85% of users experience withdrawal (Budney et al., 2004; Winstock et al., 2010). Cannabis withdrawal is characterized by craving, irritability, nervousness, depressed mood, restlessness, sleep difficulty, and anger. With the recent publication of the DSM-5, a cannabis withdrawal syndrome is now officially recognized with defined criteria (APA, 2013).

Consequences of Cannabis Use

Studies show significant negative effects of smoking marijuana on physical and mental health as well as social and occupational functioning (Gazdek, 2014). Smoking marijuana is known to have hemodynamic consequences (Mittleman et al., 2001). Cannabis also has immunosuppressant and endocrine effects although the clinical significance of these is still not clear (Ashton, 2001). Cannabis smoking shows a dose-response relation with pulmonary risk in the same way that tobacco smoking does. Although problems of cannabis use can arise at any level of use, however low, cannabis use disorders and other problems are more likely to arise in long term, heavy daily users than in casual, infrequent users. (Winstock, et al., 2010).

Longitudinal association between cannabis use and mental health has been studied by the researchers. Cannabis use is a known risk factor for a range of mental health problems (van Gastel et al., 2014). Cannabis use has been associated with several adverse life outcomes including unemployment, legal problems, dependence and early school leaving (Serafini et al., 2013). Furthermore, Monshouwer and colleagues (2006) specify that cannabis use is associated with aggression and delinquency. In addition Fergusson and Boden (2008) point out that greater welfare dependence and lower relationship and life satisfaction associated with cannabis abuse.

Majority of studies have suggested a significant cognitive decline in cannabis abusers compared to non-abusers and healthy controls (Shrivastava et al., 2011; Solowij, 1988). According to Kalant (2004) Cannabis use has been linked to a number of both short- and long-term health consequences, including depression, paranoia, learning problems, memory and attention deficits. In addition Cannabis use also causes symptoms of depersonalization, fear of dying and irrational panic ideas (Khan & Akella 2009). Also cannabis use significantly increase the risk for manic symptoms (Henquet, Krabbendam & Graaf, 2006) and mania (Leweke & Koethe, 2008). Evidence indicates that cannabis use is considerably associated with both attempted and completed suicides among healthy youths (Serafini et al., 2013; Price et al., 2009).

Cannabis intoxication can occur shortly after cannabis use. The intoxication by cannabis is associated with subjective symptoms of euphoria, perceptual distortion, continuous giggling, sedation, lethargy, impaired perception of time, difficulties in the performance of complex mental processes, impaired judgment and social withdrawal (Crippa et al. 2012). Some clinicians have noticed panic attacks with cannabis intoxication. Cannabis intoxication symptoms are usually gone after a maximum of one week abstinence (Lishman, 1988).

Heavy cannabis use could lead to an ‘amotivational syndrome which has been described as personality deterioration with loss of energy and drive to work (Tennant & Groesbeck, 1972; Johns, 2001). Cannabis-induced amotivational syndrome negatively impacts on volition, self care and social performance.

Cannabis-induced psychotic disorder (CIPD) refers to psychotic symptoms that arise in the context of cannabis intoxication (Morales-Muñoz et al., 2014). Cannabis use is a risk factor for the development of incident psychotic symptoms (Arendt et al, 2005; Kuepper et al., 2011) and exacerbates psychosis (Hall et al., 2004).  Hall and team (2004) state that cannabis use can precipitate schizophrenia in vulnerable individuals. Deficits in prepulse inhibition (PPI) and cannabis abuse are consistently found in schizophrenia (Morales-Muñoz et al., 2015).

Cannabis use in adolescence leads to a two to three fold increase in relative risk for schizophrenia or schizophreniform disorder in adulthood (Arseneault et al., 2004). The abuse of cannabis by patients with psychiatric disorders such as schizophrenia and mood and anxious disorders has a negative impact both in the acute and advanced stages of these conditions (Diehl, Cordeiro &, Laranjeira, 2010).

Exposure to marijuana during a critical period of neural development may interrupt maturational processes (Jacobus et al., 2009). Adolescents appear more adversely affected by heavy use than adults (Schweinsburg, Brown & Tapert , 2008).

Chronic cannabis use may alter brain structure and function in adult and adolescent population (Batalla et al., 2013). Sami and colleagues (2015) suspect cannabis use may be associated with   dopamine signaling alterations. Fontes and team (2011) point out that cannabis use has been associated with prefrontal cortex (PFC) dysfunction.

Arseneault and colleagues (2004) were of the view that cases of psychotic disorder could be prevented by discouraging cannabis use among vulnerable youths. Consequently Moore and team (2007) emphasize that sufficient evidence to warn young people that using cannabis could increase their risk of developing a psychotic illness later in life.

According to El Marroun and team (2009) maternal cannabis use, even for a short period, may be associated with several adverse fetal growth trajectories. Cannabinoids have the ability to cross the placental barrier to the foetus and are detectable in the breast milk of mothers who use cannabis (Liebke, 2001). Current evidence indicates that cannabis use both during pregnancy and lactation, may adversely affect neurodevelopment, especially during periods of critical brain growth both in the developing fetal brain and during adolescent maturation, with impacts on neuropsychiatric, behavioural and executive functioning. (Jaques et al., 2014). Prenatal marijuana exposure is associated with adverse perinatal effects (Astley & Little, 1990).

Medical Uses of Cannabis

The use of cannabis for medical purposes is a controversial but an important topic of public and scientific interest (Ware, Adams &Guy, 2005). According to Grotenhermen and Müller-Vahl  (2012) cannabinoids are useful for the treatment of various medical conditions. Medicinal marijuana has been prescribed in chronic pain management, antiepileptic treatment in partial epilepsy, symptomatic relief in multiple sclerosis and chronic neuropathic pain. However severe risks are associated with the non-medicinal use of cannabis. Hill (2015) emphasizes that physicians should educate patients about medical uses of marijuana to ensure that it is used appropriately and that patients will benefit from its use.

Although cannabis has valid medical applications, it has addictive potential. Heavy cannabis use may contribute to the development of significant psychosocial and health-related problems (Budney,, Vandrey and  Stanger 2010 ). Cannabis use clearly has serious implications for young people who are particularly sensitive to its psychotogenic effects (Kolliakou et al., 2012). Early interventions are essential in treating cannabis related disorders.

Management of Cannabis Use

The prevalence of marijuana abuse and dependence disorders has been increasing among adults and adolescents. They continue to smoke the drug despite social, psychological, and physical impairments, commonly citing consequences such as relationship and family problems, guilt associated with use of the drug, financial difficulties, low energy and self-esteem, dissatisfaction with productivity levels, sleep and memory problems, and low life satisfaction ( Gruber   et al , 2003 ; Budney et al, 2007).

Despite the fact that there are large numbers of people with cannabis dependence, relatively little attention has been paid to the treatment of this condition (Nordstrom & Levin, 2007) and also the   preventative strategies are still limited (Deoganet al., 2015).

Pharmacological and psychological interventions are recommended for the cannabis use disorder. Allsop and team (2014)propose cannabis extract nabiximols (Sativex) as a medication for cannabis withdrawal. Levin and colleagues (2011) suggest Dronabinol for the treatment of cannabis dependence. Haney et al (2013) recommend the FDA-approved synthetic analogue of THC nabilonewhich has higher bioavailability and clearer dose-linearity than dronabinol.

Steinberg and team (2002) suggest psychosocial treatment for cannabis dependence.  Among the psychological interventions Cognitive and behavioral therapies and motivational enhancement therapies have proven to be effective in cannabis withdrawal and dependence (Benyamina et al., 2008).

Motivational enhancement therapy is designed to help resolve ambivalence about quitting and strengthen motivation to change (Elkashef et al., 2008). Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) has demonstrated efficacy as both a monotherapy and as part of combination treatment strategies (McHugh, Hearon & Otto, 2010).

CBT for marijuana dependence has typically been delivered in 45 to 60- minute individual or group counseling sessions. The overall focus is the teaching of coping skills relevant to quitting marijuana and coping with other related problems that might interfere with good outcome. Such coping skills include functional analysis of marijuana use and cravings, development of self-management plans to avoid or cope with drug-use triggers, drug refusal skills, problem-solving skills, and lifestyle management (Elkashef et al., 2008). In addition Litt and team (2008) highlight the efficacy of contingency management treatments for marijuana dependence.

Treatment of cannabis use among people with psychotic or depressive disorders is imperative. Available studies indicate that effectively treating the mental health disorder with standard pharmacotherapy may be associated with a reduction in cannabis use and that longer or more intensive psychological intervention rather than brief interventions may be required, particularly among heavier users of cannabis and those with more chronic mental disorders (Baker, Hides & Lubman 2010).

As safer alternative, some propose cannabis substitution which is a method of harm reduction.  Harm reduction refers to policies and programmes that aim to reduce the harms associated with the use of drugs. Cannabis substitution can be an effective harm reduction method for those who are unable or unwilling to stop using drugs completely (Lau et al., 2015). Based on principles of public health, harm reduction offers a pragmatic yet compassionate set of strategies designed to reduce the harmful consequences of addictive behavior for both drug consumers and the communities in which they live (Marlatt, 1996).

Conclusion

Cannabis abuse can have a profound effect on the health of individuals, their families, and their communities. Prevention and intervention programs for marijuana abuse are highly essential. Early intervention initiatives and psycho education strategies are important in preventive actions.

Acknowledgements: 

1)      Mark D. Litt, Ph.D. Professor of Psychology University of Connecticut

2)       Dr. Ilan Nachim, HBSc, MSc, MD, CCFP

About the Authors:

1)       Dr. Upali P. K. Peris- Senior Lecturer in Psychiatry Faculty of Medicine University of Kelaniya Sri Lanka

2)      Dr. Monday N. Igwe- Lecturer, Department of Psychological Medicine Ebonyi State University Abakaliki, Nigeria

3)      Dr. Ruwan M. Jayatunge- Former Focal Point of Mental Health in Puttlam District. Ministry of Health in Sri Lanka

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The whole nation must rise immediately against the proposed new Constitution The  Great betrayal of the Sinhale and the Sinhala nation

June 15th, 2016

Dr Sudath Gunasekara  (SLAS) President Mahanuwara Senior Citizens Movement and retired Permanent Secretary to Prime Minister Sirimavo Bandaranaike. 15.6.2016)

(What I have predicted in this article published in Lankaweb on 6 Jan. 2016 has now come true. Therefore I am requesting you to publish it again).

As usual the Yahpalanaya Government, buried to the neck in its power hungry, selfish and short sighted political agenda without being able to identify its public, socio-economic, cultural and religious priorities, always put the cart before the horse or mixes up priorities and gets in to a no return situation, utterly confusing and clumsy and get bogged in a huge labyrinth of political and social mess. How unfortunate it is that it has not realized the fact that the heart beat of this Island nation is found in the rustic country side, more particularly among the Sinhala Buddhist majority, and not with the NGOO and civil societies based in the posh Colombo metropolis or not in foreign countries like USA,UK, Norway or India or neither with the ethnic Tamil people who had left the shores of this country for good long time ago for different reasons expecting to return to the EELAM after Pirapaharan establishes his mono Tamil Kingdom. After all the Sinhala people in this country are killed by the LTTE with the help of India.

In the wake of ‘Vivasta Rukada Nadagama’ now being staged by this hybrid Government at the command of the Western neo-Imperialist forces, India, so-called Tamil Diaspora and the anti Sinhala and anti Buddhist bunch of NGOO, it reminds me of Chandrika’s famous Package of 1997, (popularly called Pottaniya as JR named it) a monstrous attempt made by Chandrika,  through which she tried to hand over the North and East to Prabhakaran through similar Constitutional reforms.

In an article in the Divayina daily 4th Feb 1998 written at the request of Upali Tennakon (Chief Editor) I called her attempt ‘Sinhalaye Maha Pavadiima’. We defeated her betrayal with the help of the Mahasangha of this country under the able leadership of most Venerable late Palipana Chandanada, Mahanayaka Thera of Asgiriya Chapter, Rambukwelle Vipassi Mahanayaka Thera, the Mahanayaka Thera of Malwatta and Madihe Pannasiha Mahanayaka Thera and also Weveldeniye Medhananda Mahanayaka Thera of Ramanna nikaya. I also remember an eminent group of patriotic people like Justice Raja Wansundara, Dr.Piyasena Disanayaka and  S. W Walpita of the Sinhala Commission, S.L. Gunasekara, Harischandra Wijetunga, Gamini Iriyagolla, Prof. C.M.Maddumabandara.(Ex VC Peradeniya UNV) and Ven Maduluwawe Sobita Thera together with a large number of other patriotic people. Unfortunately it is hard to think of such miracles today as almost all of them are gone except Harischnadara Wijetunga, Maddu and myself.

I am afraid the present Government is trying to re enact even a Greater Betrayal by the proposed ‘Constitutional Nadagama’ hatched perhaps by the same Chandrika who mothered 1997 drama and conspired by the leaders of this Government, pushed and supported by all the anti Sinhala and anti Buddhist forces in the world led by the Imperial West and supported by India.

Prime Minister Ranil Wickremesinghe appears to have initiated action on this Great betrayal last week. It was reported that he has appointed a 24-member committee to obtain views on constitutional reforms from the public as a priority buy this Government. He is also now going to convert the Parliament into a Constitutional Assembly on the 9th for this purpose.  It is also said that the members of the above Committee are drawn from political and civil society sectors. Under what Constitutional provision this Committee was appointed is not clear and therefore how valid their findings will be is also a subject to controversy.

The Committee is headed by 1 Attorney-at-Law Lal  Wijenaike and comprised of, 2 Faizer Musthapha PC, 3 Dr. Navaratna Bandara, 4 Prof. M.L.A. Cader, 5 N. Selvakumaran, 6 S.Thavarajah, 7 Kushan de Alwis PC, 8 Dr. Harini Amarasuriya, 9 Dr. Kumudu Kusum Kumara, 10 Attorney-at-Law Sunil Jayaratne, 11 Dr. Upul Abeyratne, 12Themiya Hurulle, 13 Winston Pathiraja,  14 S. Vijesandiran, Attorney-at-Law  15 M.Y.M. Faiz,16 Nadika Damayanthi, 17 Attorney-at-Law Kanthi Ranasinghe, 18 S.C.C. Illangakone and 19 Samarasiri Hapuarachchi.20 Prof. Gamini Samaranayake

The       other     4          are        missing.

The news item says this Committee has been mandated to seek oral and written submissions from the public and

Thereafter their report will be considered by a Cabinet Sub Committee on Constitutional Reforms again appointed by Ranil. The design and Constitution of these Committee obviously looks as if ‘Naduth Hamuduruwange Baduth Hamuduruwange’.

There is also wide controversy among the legal fraternity over the legitimacy of going for a new Constitution and converting the Parliament in to a Constitutional Assembly. Neither the President nor the present Parliament, either at Jan 8 or August 17 elections   has got a mandate to replace the present Constitution. So it is a matter for the legal circles to contest this issue in court and stop this madness by an illegitimate government and save the country getting in to a no return situation.

Regarding the Committee already appointed by Ranil, there is no provision for such a Committee in Sec 75 of the Constitution which deals with legislative powers of Parliament. As such even though talking about this committee appears to be  a waste of time I propose to make some relevant observations only on the quality and the capacity of the committee as I see it and the overall subject of constitution making for this country for the attention of patriotic citizens of this country, since the Constitution of a country forms the basic and supreme law that governs it that has to be a flawless and perfect legal document, leaving the legal aspect to be dealt by legal luminaries.

Though the news item says 24, the above list has only 20 members. Even without those missing 4 members, going by the names already given in the list and looking at their social stature, academic and legal backgrounds and known past records, I  have my serious doubts whether there is a single person in this list who knows in depth the answers to the following three issues.

.a) as to why a new constitution is sought at this juncture,

  1. b) For whom and what country this Constitution is meant and finally
  2. c) for what purpose it is going to be designed.

Next going by the list I don’t see a single person in this list who is conversant with the long and illustrious history, (political ,legal, social, cultural or religious), of this country or the long standing traditions and customs that had been the solid foundation of the state of this country over the past 2500 odd years. Other than general antipathy towards the Sinhala Buddhist majority, their political, ethnic and ideological affiliations with the masterminds of the ruling elite and their readiness to subscribe to the needs of the Government in power, I do not see any other plus factor in their selection. Few of them may know the flaws of the existing Constitution as any ordinary person in this country knows by heart. But their lack of expertise in the aforesaid backgrounds and Constitution making, make them utterly unsuitable for the task in hand.

First, of all, with the exception of one who had been a Professor at Peradeniya all others are drawn from a list of people who are directly associated with the political thinking of the present government. Except that person, all others including the Chairman of the Committee appear to represent the various groups who supported this government to come to power on Jan 8th and August 17 2015.They represent different shades of political thinking that who supported this Government. They are either Trotskyites, LSSP, CP or strong supporters of federalism, separatism and devolution. The Government I think already has made the draft Constitution  made long before this committee was appointed. At least I know of one person who was in the team who drafted the famous 1997 Package playing the major role in making this Constitution.  It is very clear that none of them is pro Sinhala or pro Buddhist. Or at least none of them have any sympathy for the Sinhalese Buddhists who constitute the overall majority in this country, 75%. They all are advocates of equal rights to all including even illicit immigrants. They also completely reject any preferential treatment to Sinhala people constituting 75% of the total population of this country and who are the architects of the civilization and culture of this Island. In fact all of them advocate preferential treatment for minority communities. They are champions of minority rights and aspirations. Remember this bunch of betrayers is headed by none other than Chnadrika Kumaratunga who once said that she feels ashamed to be called a Sinhala Buddhist and also at some other time recently said that the Sri Lankan problem could never be solved until the Sinhala Majoritarianism is totally defeated.  This in fact is exactly what Chadrika, Ranil My 3 Government wants them to say at the end to satisfy their Western masters and the Tamils and Muslims who voted them to power. I do not know why they don’t present that document to this monkey cage called Parliament without wasting public funds and time. For those in the reform Committee it is only a matter of time to subscribe their signatures for which they will be rewarded with suitable positions, some as Ambassadors and others with lucrative positions in public or corporate Sectors and even as Cabinet Ministers since such decision depend entirely in the hands of the Big Troika, who make all the vital decisions on Governance in this country at present. They don’t care the Constitution or any other law provide or not for such decisions.  All the rest in the government are only yes-men who make mechanical gestures at the end of each decision as those who shout ‘Ayubova! at  the end of every recital in a village bali ceremony.

I also don’t see a single eminent constitutional lawyer or a senior Statesman of refute like what we saw in 1948, 1972 or 1987 Constitution making in this Committee. This situation becomes even more serious when you look at the quality of those who will form the Cabinet subcommittee. For example there is not aasingle member In these committees say of the caliber of Sir Ivor Jennings (1948), Colvin R De Silva, N.M. Perera and Peter Keuneman (1972) and H.W. Jayawardhana (1987).Thirdly and more importantly there is none representing the traditional Sinhala majority view. It is also surprising that there is not a single Sinhala Buddhist leader from the majority community to represent the interests of 75% of the total population of this country and who knows the history, traditions and the aspirations of the Sinhala Buddhist majority. No need to say the absence of a single scholarly Buddhist monk belonging to that fraternity who not only made constitutions for this country but also who made and unmade their Kings in the past, who ruled this country for 2500 year. Isn’t it a right royal disgrace, betrayal and humiliation to the Sinhala Community and the Buddhist fraternity headed by the four Mahanayaka Theras and the three other High priests of the Kelaniya, Dambulla and Rohana. Sectors?.

Remember this committee is expected to seek oral and written submissions from the public and submit a factual and accurate report on the aspirations of the general public to the Cabinet subcommittee. I wonder how a bunch of people who are alienated from the majority and tied up with personal agendas and foreign ideologies will be able to understand the true feelings and aspirations of the people at the grass root level.  So it want be difficult even for a tiny tot to understand the type of report one could expect from this group.

As it had been already revealed by the Prime Minister at the Sujatha Jayawardhana Memorial Oration few days back the shape of the Constitution to come is very clear. The cat has already been let out of the bag. At this lecture Ranil had mentioned three things,

  1. a) Abolition of the Executive Presidency.
  2. b) Electoral reforms and
  3. c) solving the national problem.

Of these the first one will not happen immediately as they have decided for the time being to allow the incumbent to enjoy that privilege until 2020. Therefore the first promise is a blatant lie. Whom are they trying to deceive? As it stands the blue print of the proposed Constitution appears to be finalized. Later he has said lot of things like devolving executive power to the Chief Ministers and more powers to the PCC like land Police powers. He also had indicated many other models like the Australian, which mean complete federal status even exceeding those of the Indian model. In other words full independence and autonomy to the provinces with provision to amalgamate two or more Provinces that will pave the way to the formation of the EELAM, including North, East and the dream Malayanadu at the centre of the country. This probably will be the entire central province as he and Minister Kiriella has already started giving permanent deeds to estate Tamils before the last General election. The latter programme will be completed by 2025 as has already being arranged by the Government before the last general election by the PM and Minister Kiriella as Minister of Plantations at that time.

Therefore by 2025, if not before, with 1/3 in the North and East and 1/3 at the centre together orming 2/3 of the area of the Island, the Tamil EELAM under this government will become a reality, a dream British made as far back as 1833 when they first divided the Sinhala Kingdom in to Five Provinces and laid the foundation for a divided Lanka on ethnic lines as a basic strategy in their divide and rule colonial policy. THE NEXT STEP British colonial rulers made was systematically empowering of Jaffna Tamils by opening up 45 English schools in Jaffna District out of 103 for the whole Island by 1845 to built up a formidable educated political power against the Majority Sinhalese and also probably to take over the administration of the Island after they leave. It was followed by settlement of a South Indian Tamil labour force right at the centre of the country on new coffee plantations opened by them, as suggested by Governor Torrington in 1848 after the Matale rebellion as they call it (the second freedom struggle by the patriotic natives) as a long term strategy to keep the Sinhala nation suppressed.

Then in 1948 when they left the country, they got the Sinhala leaders to blindly accept the Soulbury Constitution that introduced three poisonous germs in to the body politic of this 2500 year old nation.

They were

  1. a) the minority concept for the first time in the history of this country under the Sec 29,
  2. b) the idea of presence of many nations in this country by introducing the word UNP (United National Party that implies there are more than one nation in this country) where as there was only one nation- Sinhala- before 1815 and lastly
  3. c) by changing the name of the country Sinhale, that was ceded to the British in 1815 as Ceylon, thereby removing the Sinhala identity of this land that was there from 6thcentury BC.

It was that Constitution imposed on us by the British imperialists that laid the legal foundation for separatist politics in this country. Furthermore it is the same British conspiracy and strategy that continues up to date to subjugate and destroy this nation.

Meanwhile India which got its Independence in 1947 started discussions on Constitution forming in 1930 at the Lahore Convention under Nehru and got an Indian Constitutional expert Ambedkar to prepare its National constitution and established the Indian Republic in 1947. This country became Independent in1948. But Lankan politicians never had the brain to learn from India and adopt a national Constitution that suits this country and declare a Republlic. Wasn’t it a tragedy Sri Lankan politicians, even in spite of a major national reawakening taking place in 1956, had to wait until 1972, to make a Republican Constitution with a national touch. Unfortunately again within 15 years, local remnants of imperial forces backed by the western hawks managed to upset the apple cart in 1978 by amending the 1972 Constitution with an American- French-British hybrid Constitution.

Although the architects of 1987 Constitution said they repealed the 1972 Constitution in fact it was not so as the 1987 included large number of vital sections that was there in the earlier Constitution. Thus it was not a complete replacement of the 1972 Constitution. But it introduced the concept of the Executive Presidential System with full immunity to the President. An elated President JR himself boasted about his Constitution by saying the only thing he can’t do under that constitution is ‘to Make a man a woman and a woman a man’ Unlike the 1972 Constitution this was not made after consulting the people of the country, though we are supposed to be a democratic country.  JR got his brother H.W.Jayawardena QC to write it according to his own wishes and political strategies which finally ended up as a national disaster. Within eleven years he made sixteen amendments to it and people on the street used to refer to it as a ’Daily’ rather than a Constitution. This alone I think speaks volumes on its consistency and the flaws as a sound legal document. In fact the 13th Amendment imposed on his government by India in1987 almost made the 1978 Constitution a virtual dead letter, although every government condemned it, Chandrika calling it ‘”A Bahubhuta Vivasthava”.

All subsequent Presidents, including the present incumbent, while promising to abolish the Executive Presidency at the elections, conveniently forgot it after they assumed office, for the obvious reason that no one wanted to part with those monstrous powers which no democratically elected Head of any State anywhere else in the world enjoys, including the President of USA who is supposed to be the most powerful Head of State in the world.

In January 2015 the present incumbent came to power as the common candidate promising to abolish it. But he too did not do it in spite of strong protest by Sobita Thera the chief agitator on this issue. Sobita Thera, people think passed away prematurely with a broken heart as President Sirisena betrayed him immediately after his election. After the August 17 General election the President again made another public statement at the Sobita Theras funeral oration that he will do it. But it is still there. It reminds me of that proverbial hanging bodily part of the goat that never fell. As the people know the face value of what politicians, whom they fondly call ‘magodistumas’ say they are not surprised. All politicians are alike. It was Machiavelli, in his The Prince, who once said ‘a prudent ruler cannot, and must not, honor his word when it places him at a disadvantage and when the reason for which he made his promise no longer exits’. So it is natural all politicians make promises when the need for it is there and they conveniently forget them when the need for that is not there.

Is it not interesting and also a mockery of fate, that JR’s own nephew Ranil as Prime Minister after 27 years has to preside over the last rituals of this much hated Executive Presidency hoping to become the Executive PM in 2020. Instead of just doing that by passing a simple amendment to the Constitution to achieve that political goal, and doing away with undesirable elements like the PR system, that have killed representative democracy in this country, it now appears that he is trying to introduce a new Constitution. From what he has already disclosed I do not think his formula will meet the aspirations of the majority of people. I opine his proposed remedy will be worse than the malady. It he pursues with what he has in mind without listening to good counseling and objections he will go down in history as the number one betrayer of this nation even overtaking people like Don Juwan Dharmapala of Kotte. Anyway I don’t think the Sinhala Buddhist majority of this country will ever allow Ranil to do that classic betrayal

Although much controversy has been generated around the Executive Presidency, in my opinion, its abolition should not be given that high priority. After all ours is a nation that had been ruled by 186 Kings for 2500 years That is why the young Samanera at Gangaramaya Mahanuwara, expressed his feelings on sands lamenting ‘Ane kumbiyane  topatath Rajek inne ect“ when the Kandyan King was taken a prisoner in 1815. In fact I told this to my good friend Sobita Thera as well when he was in Mahanuwara some time back for a meeting of his organization Sadharana samajayak Sandaha before his passing away, But unfortunately he could not understand what I was trying to tell him.

Talking about Executive power, the point is, whether it is exercised by a PM or a President it has to be exercised by somebody in a State. The office or person is not that important so long it is properly exercised. The problem arises only when it is abused and not properly exercised. Such improper exercise could be done both by a President or a PM. To prevent this there has to be clear constitutional provisions and checks and balances. This could be easily done by bringing in the necessary amendments, without much ado and ceremony within a short time without replacing the present Constitution. Therefore why not confine the present amendments to things like reforming the electoral system. Reintroducing the former first-past-the post system where every citizen in this country will have a simple way of sending his representative to parliament without getting entangled in Constitutional tangles is a case in point.

If the PM is really concerned about this country and the wellbeing of its people, rather than collecting ‘never grateful’ minority votes and seeking protection for his hybrid Government from the West and India, he should make a Constitution that is suited to this country and its people who had made it their home for the last 2500 years. It should fit in to their history, traditions, customs, culture, religion and aspirations. In doing so one must take care to behave like a Statesman of this country and certainly not like an agent of the Imperial West and a cheap political byproduct of the post 1815 colonial culture. He also has to remember that he is making a constitution for the people of this country and not those in other countries like USA, UK, Norway or the so-called Diaspora (Tamils who have shunned this country and live in other countries) or India.

First, it should guarantee the political stability, of this country and its people who have made this country their home for 2500 years and that of their posterity who are going to make this land their only motherland..

Second, it should guarantee the legitimate rights of the 75 % Sinhala majority who have built up the civilization with so much sacrifices in defending the motherland against the invaders first from South India  from 2nd century BC to the 14th century AD and then against the Western Colonial Imperial hawks starting from 1505 up to 1815.

Thereafter deal with the legitimate rights of the minority communities not exceeding the boundaries of the above framework. Then it must also ensure economic, social and cultural progress of the entire Lankan society without radically disturbing the solid foundation of the Sinhala Buddhist civilization that has thrived for 2500 years. No politician or a political group should either try to compromise or disturb this situation for political gain. None, who work against this socio-cultural dynamics, will have a place in the annals of history of this Island nation.

In this political backdrop I would like to make the following suggestion to the government with the best of intentions both for the government and the country in general.

1 Drop the idea of replacing the existing Constitution forthwith as neither the President nor the Parliament has got a mandate to do so. Let it be done at a future day by a more representative, legitimate and patriotic Government

2 Stop forthwith increasing Ministers and reduce the so-called Cabinet to 30 members as you have promised before the elections,

3 Rectify the blunders done in the past such as appointing defeated candidates to political and other positions, often even violating the Constitution, by this Government just to collect votes to maintain majority in Parliament.

4 Abolish the 13th A and declare all decision taken under it by JR Government such as the Provincial Councils, Making Tamil   an Official Language null and void.

5 Ban all communal political parties like TNA, SLMC and TC etc

6 Restore the status of the National Anthem as laid down under Sec 7 of the 1987 Constitution

7 Scrap the ‘Upcountry Estate village and Infra Structure Development Ministry set up for Digambaran since it discriminates against the Kandyan Sinhalese as it is was explicitly set up on an ethnic basis to capture the Estate votes by creating mono-Tamil villages right at the center of this Land of the Sinhala people and immediately        restore the Kandyan Peasantry Development Authority that was scrapped in Jan 2014 by the previous Government and open up Sinahala-Tamil mixed villages on marginal Tea estates on land below 5000 ft msl.

8 Scrap the MPP pension scheme and enormous privileges’

9 Introduce Electoral reforms like abolishing the PR system,

10 Abolish the Provincial Councils that will save billions and re-establish the Tun Rata political divisions that had been the solid foundation of political, economic and social stability in this country for a period over 2000 years that will also that will also settle all ethnic problems in the hill country for ever and finally lay the permanent foundation economic, social and cultural progress and harmony in this Island nation. With the consolidation of this socio-political system, concepts such as we Sinhalese, we Tamils and we Muslims will disappear forever and once again it will get converted to a blessed country in the East admired by all countries in the world.

11 Introduce  a strict code of conduct for politicians and state officers and

12 Restore Independence of the Judiciary and Public Service to bring back good governance, while retaining good qualities in the present Constitution.

If this Government can do at least these few things Maithree and Ranil  will go down in history as heroes who rescued this country from the mess in to which JR had put it. They will also go down on record as men who did, what Mahinda Rajapaksa could not do in spite of defeating the Tigers in 2009 and commanding a massive 2/3rd majority in Parliament.

Finally, I must also state it very clearly here that this Government has not got a legitimate mandate from the people to replace the constitution. Neither the people have asked for a new Constitution. On Jan 8th they have voted for a change of President and the President had promised to change the executive Presidency which not only he has not done so far but has decided to stick on to it until 2020. Only the chief agitator Ven Sobita Thera has passed away without seeing his mission unfulfilled. Reg his powers only the immunity was removed under the 19th A. But judging by what is happening, in practice the monstrous powers of the Presidency remains unchanged. It must also be noted that it is immoral and unethical too for this Parliament to enact a new Constitution since it is illegally constituted as some of its members are defeated candidates rejected by the people at the last general election. It is high time that at least now the President, PM and the top-notch advisors of the government should realize that they want be able to buy over the Sinhala Buddhist majority in the whole country at a referendum the way they have bought over the defeated, selfish and corrupted politicians by offering them different types of political bribes such as Cabinet and other Ministries etc to maintain the majority in Parliament. You may also be able to get the boot licking media agencies including those state controlled media channels to stage massive pro- government propaganda displays to deceive those in the seats of power and to suppress eruptive public opinion. But please remember you want be able to deceive all the people all the time, as the saying goes.

Don’t forget that the majority in this country have no faith in the present Parliament as it is an ill constituted body and they, particularly the Sinhala Buddhists, are thoroughly disgusted over the way things are happening in this country today. It is only a matter of time for the huge volcano to erupt.  Remember you are sitting on a huge volcano. No one knows at what moment it will erupt, may be consuming even the whole Parliament in the furry of the Nation, together with the bunch of traitors who betray this 2500 year old unique Sinhala Buddhist civilization by using ill-gotten dictatorial political power.

In the light of this grey and gloomy background with dark clouds hanging over the Sri Lanka skies I suggest all political parties agree to drop this dangerous exercise of replacing the existing Constitution as dictated by external forces, if they really wish to save this country from being converted to a battle ground of world power struggle in the near future.

But finally as a person who don’t trust any politician I plead to all patriotic people of this country, particularly the Sinhala Buddhists patriots to oppose tooth and nail against this unconstitutional and dangerous move by these unpatriotic, self seeking and power hungry politicians who do everything under the sun for their personal gain.

Look at the way how our politicians, with the rare exception very few like C.W.W.Kannangara (Free education), D.S. Senanayaka (Opening up of Dry Zone), S.W.R.D.(1956 National awakening and giving a place to the common man), Sirimavo (Putting Sri Lanka on the world map), Lalith Atgulathmudali (Mahapola) and Mahinda Rajapaksa (Defeating the LTTE) have acted and behaved and what contribution they have made for their motherland. If they have done their duty by the country since 1948 could the country which had the highest per capita income in Asia in 1950 be like this today.

Don’t you think that the fault is ours and not theirs? Because we as a nation have left everything in the hands of politicians far too long, blindly going after them and venerating them without questioning them at all. May be we did not evolve such a political culture. Why don’t we resolve at least now to change this ‘system of government by the politicians, for the politicians and of the politicians’ over to a ‘system of government by the people, for the people and of the people’ so that this power hungry, self-seeking and treacherous ‘magodis’ political culture will come to an end in this blessed Island.

MY FRUSTRATION WITH GALLE MUNICIPAL COUNCIL AND ALL STATE INSTITUTIONS

June 15th, 2016

Dr Sarath Obeysekera

I am writing this open letter to express the utter frustration I am undergoing in getting an approval to build a workshop to repair and build Yachts and Pleasure Crafts in the harbour and also in a land adjacent to the Galle Harbour  .

I have got cabinet approval to establish a Yacht Repair and Pleasure craft building yard inside the Galle Harbour premises ,with a foreign investment of 25 million Us |$ .

Due to some reasons beyond my control ,Saudi Investor has pulled the plug and I tried to get a local blue chip company to invest .Finally managed to get a local blue chip company  to invest and put forward a proposal to SLPA to revive the project .with the 25 million $

This venture will provide over 1000 job opportunities and earn much needed foreign currency  .Port Management is willing to allow me to mobilize .

Next to the project land where Yacht repair yard is to be established ,we acquired another land outside the harbour spending 1 million $ from another investor ,to put up a smaller workshop to repair and build  fishing boats.

We have to get the municipal council to approve the building plan hence we submitted an application

Galle Municipal council  is asking us to get concurrence from following agencies in order to give building plan approval

CCD.NBRO.CEA.FISHERY MINISTRY  ,UDA and SLPA . ETC ETC  What a long list for an investor to get approvals !!

I had to see the honourable  ministers Arjuna Ranathunge ,Hon Malik Smamarawickrama and even Contact  Hon Sagala Ratnayake and even Gayantha Karunathilke  to get involved in getting approval by SLPA chairman to re kick start the project .

Only minister left to see the Hon  Muhuthettuwegama !who is also the deputy minister of ports >

What a long list of ministers to see to get some backing ?!!

Under the budget proposals in 2016 ,ship repair and building Industry has been given a prominence but regrettably none of the government agencies have been given instructions to assist the investments

Board of Investment has also held a meeting and wrote a letter to SLPA chairman requesting him to allow the  and no greenlight is given.

Whenever I need support from state agencies to start a project I have to see a minister.

Why is that ??

I wonder whether the prime minister is aware of this ?

At this old age I am trying to do something in this country

Now I wonder whether to go  back to cold UK and spend a peaceful life drawing a state pension leaving this country to rot  ?

Dr Sarath Obeysekera

සමන් රත්නප‍්‍රියගේ ප‍්‍රශ්ණයකට ආචාර්ය දයාන්ගෙන් සුපිරි පිළිතුරක්..

June 15th, 2016

සමන් රත්නප‍්‍රියගේ ප‍්‍රශ්ණයකට ආචාර්ය දයාන්ගෙන් සුපිරි පිළිතුරක්..

State of the Nation and the road to Eelam– Security, Politics and a Dangerous Agenda!

June 15th, 2016

Ratanapala

15 june 2016

A Brilliant Analysis and Expose’ of the current status  of the Sri Lankan Nation by Dr Dayan Jayatilleke at the Derana 360 current affairs political program, beautifully presented and moderated by Dilka Samanmalee of Derana TV. It is a must for all patriots to view and listen to. Of course Dr Dayan Jayatilleke has taken a longtime to come to this stance from what he was many years ago.

https://youtu.be/yygqBq9-ZG4

This is a time for patriots in Sri Lanka of all  hues to unite and defeat the traitorous machinations of the current “Yahapalana” Administration, their agenda for Sri Lanka along with that of the Western Christian Powers, India  and Eelamists in the North and East. Waiting to close ranks and postponing will be the death knell to all that Sri Lanka has achieved under dire circumstances since Independence from the Britisher!

The alternative is eternal internal strife and the destruction of our nation as we know it. The current administration is intent on destroying the very identity of the majority Sinhalese and with that the peace that prevails with the minorities. Everybody stands to suffer untold miseries of civil war enveloping the whole of Sri Lanka, now more imminent than it was ever in the modern history of Sri Lanka. One only has to think of the fate of Iraq, Afghanistan, Libya, Sudan and now Syria to envisage the carnage that ensue such internal strife assisted by forces inimical to peace and stability of nations – the Western Christian powers and their acolytes – India and the Jihadist nations.

eelamstamp

Eelam Dream – Then and Now!

Which Eelam? The one on the left as it was in 1980s or the present one on the right? Do the people even know what the Eelamists want? If the Eelam border as presented in the 1980 Eelam stamp they issues has now changed to what it is now on the right, what guarantees are there to believe that too will remain static. Border changing will commence with a few Mavil Aru like incidents over water and waterways crossing the self styled border. This exercise will go on till Mahaveli head waters are acquired by Eelam with assistance from the Hill Country Estate Tamils.

May wiser counsel prevail and the citizenry more patriotic!

ජවිපෙට යළි පණදී ජවිපෙන් නික්ම ගිය ‘සිරි අයියාට’ ආයුබෝවන්

June 15th, 2016

ධර්මන් වික්‍රමරත්න විසිනි.

ආයුබෝවන් යනු ශ‍්‍රී ලාංකිකයින් අතර පවතින සාම්ප‍්‍රදායික ආශීර්වාද පාඨයකි. එය පිළිගැනීම සහ වෙන්වීම යන එකිනෙකට පරස්පර අර්ථයන් දෙකකට ලොව භාවිත කරන එකම වචනයද විය හැකිය. අපි ආයුබෝවන් කියන්නේ ජනතා විමුක්ති පෙරමුණේ(ජවිපෙ) 4වැනි නායකයාවූ සෝමවංශ අමරසිංහගේ(සිරි අයියා) දිවි සැරිය ජුනි 15වැනිදා අළුයම රාජගිරියේ බුත්ගමදී සමීප ඥාතිවරයෙකුගේ නිවසේදී නිමාවීම වෙනුවෙනි.

dharman15061611සෝමවංශ අමරසිංහ ඒකාබද්ධ විපක්ෂයේ ජන සටන රැළිය අමතමින්

ජවිපෙ 2වැනි කැරැල්ලෙන් පසු එය යළි නගාසිටුවීම සඳහා විශිෂ්ඨ කාර්යභාරයක් කල ඔහු ජවිපෙට එක්වූයේ 1969දීය. කළුතර පයාගලදී 1943 දි උපන් සෝමවංශ 1971 අප්‍රේල් කැරැල්ලේදී අප්‍රේල් 5වැනිදා අත්අඩංගුවට ගත් අතර නිදහස ලැබුවේ 1976දිය.

dharman150616102නව පරපුරකට දැත් දිගු කරන සෝමවංශ අමරසිංහ ජවිපෙ ක්‍රියාකාරින්ගේ හමුවකදී.

ජවිපෙ දේශපාලන මණ්ඩල සභිකයෙකු වශයෙන් 1984 පත්වූ සිරි අයියා 2වැනි කැරැල්ලේදී දිවි බේරාගැනීමට සමත්වූ එකම දේශපාලන මණ්ඩල සභිකයාය. ජීවත ආරක්ෂාව සඳහා 1990 පෙබරවාරි මස ඉන්දියාවට බෝට්ටුවකින් පලාගිය ඔහු ජවිපෙ යළි ප්‍රතිසංවිධානය කරමින් 2014 පෙබරවාරි 2වැනිදා දක්වා ජවිපෙ නායකයා වශයෙන් කටයුතු කළේය.

dharman150616103ජවිපෙ 5වන නායකයා වශයෙන් 2014 පෙබරවාර 2වැනිදා පත්වූ අනුර කුමාර දිසානායකට සුබපතන ජවිපෙ 4වන හිටපු නායක සෝමවංශ අමරසිංහ.

dharman150616104ජනතා සේවක පක්ෂය වෙනුවෙන් නිදහස් චතුරශයේදී 2015දී සෝමවංශ අමරසිංහ පවත්වනු ලැබූ ඒකපුද්ගල විරෝධතාවයක්.

අනූව දශකය මුල් භාගයේදී සෝමවංශ අමරසිංහගේ දුෂ්ටියේ දුබලතාවන් හේතුවෙන් විදේශගත දේශපාලන රැකවරණය ඉල්ලා සිටි බොහෝ පිරිසකට බලවත් හානිකර ප්‍රතිඵල උදාවූවද ජවිපෙ යළි ගොඩනැගීමෙහිලා ඔහුගෙන් ඉටුවූ සේවය අසමසමය. රෝහණ විජේවීර ඇතුළු දේශපාලන සඟයන් පවාදීම සහ  ජවිපෙ 2වැනි කැරැල්ල අවසානයේදි  ඔහු රඟපෑ භූමිකාව පිළිබඳව විවිධාකාර චෝදනා පැවතියද එහි කිසිදු සත්‍යතාවයක් නොමැත.

dharman150616105ඒකාබද්ධ විපක්ෂ වේදිකාවකදී පස්වන හිටපු ජනාධිපති මහින්ද රාජපක්ෂ සහ ජානිපෙ නායක විමල් වීරවංශ සමගින් හයිට් පිටියේදී සෝමවංශ අමරසිංහ.

ජවිපෙට යළි පණදුන් සෝමවංශ අමරසිංහ 2015 අප්‍රේල් 16වැනිදා ජවිපෙන් ඉවත්ව ජනතා සේවක පක්ෂය නමින් නාමික පක්ෂයක්ද පිහිටුවන ලදී. ජවිපෙට බොහෝදේ කියාදී බොහෝ දේ උරුම කර දුන් සිරි අයියා අවසාන කාලයේදී ඒකාබද්ධ විපක්ෂය සමඟද එක්විය. මිය යන විට 73 වියේ පසුවූ සෝමවංශ එක්දරු පියෙකි. බිරිඳ අයිරාංගනී මාලනී මුණසිංහ වසර කිහිපයකට පෙර ජීවිතයෙන් සමුගත්තාය. සෝමවංශ අමරසිංහගේ අවසන් කටයුතු සිදුකරන දිනය පිළිබඳව 2016 ජුනි 15 පස්වරු 3 දක්වා තීරණයක් කර නොතිබිණි. අධිකරණ වෛද්‍ය පරික්ෂණයක් පස්වරුවේදී පැවැත්වීමට නියමිතව තිබිණි. – 

What are the chemicals in spices?

June 15th, 2016

Dr Hector Perera    London

In 1505 when Portuguese landed in Sri Lanka by sheer accident, they made it best by exploring on spices. They promised the King that they would safeguard the coastal areas from other foreign invaders. The King promised in return to give spices by weight of not tons but by weight of elephants. Actually there were no other invaders, even these Portuguese got landed by accident. I am sure you all know the story of “Paranagiya Kotte Giya”. Our Sinhalese took them to the King to Kotte and they took seven days or more, even crossing rivers to show it’s too far away. Actually Kotte was just a few miles away from Colombo.

We just add this and that spice in cooking things such as chicken and fish curries but many of us are unaware of the health and other benefits. If we know the advantages of eating spices you will prefer some kind of spices in your food than eating fish and chips which are oily, greasy and salty. Further they are good occasionally but not on regular basis. If you have never tried any of these spices before, please make sure to check with your doctor before enjoying any of these spices especially if you are taking any medicines. Any information presented here is not intended to cure, aid, or prevent any disease.

The spices such as cinnamon have plenty of chemicals, may be around 15 different chemicals and cloves also have about 20 different strong smelling chemicals. The real chemical names are quite long and tongue twisting to pronounce. Have I got to say about the chemicals in other spices? Their chemical structures are very complicated, not easy to draw and sometimes not easy to pronounce their names as well but for information let me give some as follows. Don’t forget they also have a number of chemicals which are heat sensitive.

Capsaicinoids are the name given to the class of compounds found present in members of the capsicum or chillies family of plants.  The most common of these compounds is N-Vanillyl-8-methyl-6-(E)-noneamide, or Capsaicin. Nearly as common is Dihydrocapsaicin (Chime or VRML). These occur in varying ratios from plant to plant, from a 1:1 ratio to 2:1. Between them they typically make up 80-90% of the total capsaicinoid concentration, the rest being made up by such compounds as Nordihydrocapsaicin. (These have been isolated and analysed by HPLC and GC-MS.

Capsicum has a tonic and carminative action. The enzyme isolated from chilly is used in the treatment of certain type of cancers. Oleoresin capsicum is used in pain balms and vapour-rubs. Dehydrated green chilly or dried red chillies is a good source of vitamin ‘C\’. Sri Lankans use red chillies for a variety of cooking.

Coriander [Have you listened to the song: Bonna Koththamalli] If not why not do it today?

Another common spice is Coriander sativum seed which has a number of chemicals such as triglyceride oil; petroselinic acid, a monounsaturated fatty acid. Thus, the plant is a potential source of lipids (rich in petroselinic acid) and linalool that is isolated from the seeds and the aerial parts. Not only the seeds but leaves are also used as a source of spice. It is reported that matured coriander leaves are rich in moisture (87.9%), protein (3.3%), carbohydrate (total sugar 6.5%) and total ash (1.7%). The seeds are rich source of lipids, 28.4% of the total seed weight, which may be of great importance in the food industry.

Cinnamon

The spice we know as cinnamon is the dried bark of the small evergreen tree Cinnamomum zeylanicum which grows in Sri Lanka and southern India. The bark of this tree is often referred to as “Ceylon cinnamon” or “true cinnamon”.

This bark-like spice originates from Sri Lanka, and was originally harvested by Arabian traders from a tall tree and ground to create the powder form of cinnamon. According to the Mayo Clinic, research suggest that cinnamon might help to regulate treatment for people with type 2 diabetes. The theory is that cinnamon increases insulin action.

According to the U.S. National Library of Medicine, Cinnamon can be used to help treat muscle spasms, vomiting, diarrhoea, infections, the common cold, loss of appetite, and erectile dysfunction (ED). Cinnamon may lower blood sugar in people with type 1 or type 2 diabetes, according to Diabetes UK. No wonder many Asians use cinnamon in the daily cooking of curries.

Cinnamon (Cinnamomum zeylanicum, and Cinnamon cassia), the eternal tree of tropical medicine, belongs to the Lauraceae family. Cinnamon is one of the most important spices used daily by people all over the world. Cinnamon primarily contains vital oils and other derivatives, such as cinnamaldehyde, cinnamic acid, and cinnamate. In addition to being an antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, antidiabetic, antimicrobial, anticancer, lipid-lowering, and cardiovascular-disease-lowering compound, cinnamon has also been reported to have activities against neurological disorders, such as Parkinson’s and Alzheimer’s diseases. This review illustrates the pharmacological prospective of cinnamon and its use in daily life.

Cloves

The antioxidant activity of a commercial rectified clover leaf essential oil (Eugenia caryophyllus) and its main constituent eugenol was tested. This essential oil comprises in total 23 identified constituents, among them eugenol (76.8%), followed by β-caryophyllene (17.4%), α-humulene (2.1%), and eugenyl acetate (1.2%) as the main components. The essential oil from clove demonstrated scavenging activity against the 2,2-diphenyl-1-picryl hydracyl (DPPH) radical at concentrations lower than the concentrations of eugenol, butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT), and butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA). This essential oil also showed a significant inhibitory effect against hydroxyl radicals and acted as an iron chelator.

The little bud resembles a tiny flower used not only in Indian cuisines, but in African and Middle Eastern as well. In cosmetic uses, close is found in toothpastes, soaps, and perfumes. Indian healers have used the oils, flower buds and stems from the plant in an array of medicine. For example, clove is possibly effective in helping with premature ejaculation when applied directly to the penis. Clove oil can also help with pain when applied topically, and can help with stomach issues like gas, diarrhoea, nausea and upset stomach.

There are plenty of herbs and spices which we normally use in curries for taste point of view only but don’t forget the medicinal and all other benefits. Your comments are welcomed perera6@hotmail.co.uk

අනාරක්ෂිත දුම්රිය හරස් මාර්ග ගේට්ටු මුරකරුවන්ගේ ශෝකාන්තය

June 15th, 2016

ධර්මන් වික්‍රමරත්න

ශ්‍රී ලංකාවේ දුම්රිය හරස් මාර්ග 1,083ක් ඇති අතර ආරක්ෂක පද්ධති සවිකර ඇත්තේ ඉන් 337ක පමණි. අනාරක්ෂිත දුම්රිය හරස් මාර්ග සංඛ්‍යාව 746ක් වන අතර ඉන් 168ක්ම මුහුදුබඩ දුම්රිය මාර්ගයට අයත්ය. මෙම අනාරක්ෂිත දුම්රිය හරස් මාර්ගයන් 746න් 687ක සේවය කරන දුම්රිය හරස් මාර්ග මුරකරුවන් 2,061 දෙනෙකු සේවය කරනුයේ දුෂ්කරතා රැසක් මැද සොච්චම් වැටුපකට බව ඒ පිළිබඳව ලිපියක් සකස් කිරීමට දකුණේ සහ වයඹ පළාතේ කල ගමනකදී පසක් විය. ඔවුන්ගේ වැටුප අවසාන වශයෙන් 2013 ජුනි 4වැනිදා ඉහළ දැමූ අතර එයද මාසිකව රුපියල් 7,500ක දීමනාවකි. ඒ අනුව දෛනික වැටුප රුපියල් 250කි.

dharman15061601එක ගමට එක වැඩක් වැඩසටහන යටතේ නවීකරණයට ලක්වූ උණ බම්බු ගේට්ටුවක්.

මෙම දුම්රිය හරස් මාර්ග උණ බම්බු ගේට්ටුකරුවන්ගේ උප්පත්තියද අපූරුය. බලපිටියේ උපන් බව කියන අගමැති රණසිංහ ප්‍රේමදාස ජනාධිපති පදවියට පත්වූයේ 1989 දෙසැම්බර් 19වැනිදාය. ඉන් මසක් ගිය තැන එනම් 1989 ජනවාරි 17වැනිදා බලපිටිය අහුංගල්ලේ ඌරගහ පාර මංසන්දියේදී පස්වරු 2.15ට පාසැල් සිසුන් ප්‍රවාහනය කල බස් රථයක් අනාරක්ෂිත දුම්රිය මාර්ගයේදී දුම්රියේ ගැටී 36ක් එම ස්ථානයේදීම මිය ගියේය. තුවාල ලැබූ 51දෙනෙකු බලපිටිය සහ කරාපිටිය රෝහල්වලට ඇතුළත් කෙරිණි.

dharman15061602දුම්රිය හරස් මාර්ගයක මුරකරුවෙක්

අදටද ඉන් සදාකාලික අබ්බගාතයන්වූ තිදෙනෙකු ඇත. ඉන් අයෙකු සමඟ වසර 27කට පසු මා සමඟ බලපිටියේදී ඉකුත් සදුදා සාකච්ඡාවකට එක්වූයේ  ඇයගේ නිවසේදීය. බලපිටියේදී සිදුවූ මෙම දුම්රිය අනතුරින් දැඩි කම්පනයට සහ ශෝකයට පත් ජනාධිපති ප්‍රේමදාස රටපුරාම අනාරක්ෂිත දුම්රිය හරස් මාර්ග සියල්ලටම උණ බම්බු ගේට්ටු සවිකරමින් සතියක් තුළ එයට විසදුමක් දුන්නේය. ඉන් රැකියා විරහිත ග්‍රාමීය තරුණයින් 1,250කට මසකට රුපියල් 2,500ක දීමනාවක් හිමිවිය. උණ බම්බු තාක්ෂණය නිසා දේශීය සම්පත්වලට නව පණක් ලැබිණි. අනාරක්ෂිත දුම්රිය හරස් මාර්ග හරහා සිදුවන ජීවිත සිය දහස් ගණනක් සුරක්ෂිත විය.

dharman15061603අනාරක්ෂිත දුම්රිය හරස් මාර්ගයක ගේට්ටු මුරකරුවෙක්

ගේට්ටුවක් නැති දුම්රිය හරස් මඟක වසර 18ක් කිසිදු දීමනාවක් නොලබා මුරකරුවෙකු ලෙස ගල්ඔය පොලොන්නරුව දුම්රිය මාර්ගයේ පුවක්පිටිය හරස් පාරේ සේවය කල සිරියාවතී නොහොත් ඉසි අක්කා කදිම ආදර්ශයක් පෙන්වූ සමාජ සේවිකාවකි. එය ඇගයීමක් වශයෙන් 2013 ඔක්තෝබර් 13වැනිදා ප්‍රවාහන ඇමති කුමාර වෙල්ගම ඇයගේ පුතුට රැකියාවක් පමණක් නොව ඇය ජීවත්ව සිටින තාක් මුළු පවුලටම නිදහස් දුම්රිය ගමන් බලපත්‍රයක්ද පිරිනමන ලදී. අනාරක්ෂිත දුම්රිය හරස් මාර්ග මුරකරුවන්ගේ සේවය අගය කලයුතු බව අවිවාදිතය. ඒ සඳහා ඔවුන්ට සරිලන දීමනාවක් හෝ වැටුපක්ද ලැබිය යුතුය.

dharman15061604අනාරක්ෂිත දුම්රිය හරස් මාර්ගයකදී දුම්රියක් සමඟ ගැටුණු වෑන් රථයක්.

.(The writer is a senior journalist who could be reached at  ejournalists@gmail.com OR 011-5234384)

ධර්මන් වික්‍රමරත්න

ejournalists@gmail.com

LOOKING BACK ON EELAM WAR IV.

June 15th, 2016

KAMALIKA PIERIS

The west invented the myth that the LTTE could not be defeated. The army took a different view. “We could have defeated them long before.   We had a well trained, well motivated armed force and our leadership and soldier fighting skills were superior, “said Gotabhaya Rajapakse . In 2006, for the first time ever, the government decided that it was going to win the war. The military seized the opportunity and developed a ‘workable plan’.

The armed forces were enlarged and strengthened. Seniority and protocol were ignored and key positions given to persons handpicked for their capabilities. Salaries were increased and training upgraded. The infantry were trained in first aid, marksmanship, handling high explosives and in calling in artillery support and air strikes. Instead of the large formations used in the past, they were trained to fight in small teams of four and eight and to go forward on their own.  .

The army had seasoned veterans who had been fighting the LTTE for years.  .“We knew our enemy very well”, said Gotabhaya. The army .followed an unhurried, step by step strategy in conducting the war.  Initially the army did not go for territory but went for the LTTE itself, killing and injuring as many as possible.   LTTE   lost their most experienced fighters and also their morale. Then the army went for territory. The strategies used by the army varied. At Kilinochchi, the army came in through the jungle, taking the LTTE by surprise. If the army had attacked the town first the LTTE would have melted into the jungle where they had stockpiled weapons. .  At Nanthikadal the army used a pincer movement which reduced the LTTE territory to 400 square meters.  The cornered LTTE leaders had tried to hide in marshy land. ‘Our military plans were superior’ observed the army.

Success was due to many factors. There was superb coordination between the .army, navy and air force.  They had lacked coordination earlier .Fighting units were allowed to use their initiative .They could coordinate missions with field commanders   and take ‘clutter free’ decisions.  Pilots selected their targets for bombing…Machines which had not been used effectively earlier such as the Israeli Kfir aircraft, were utilised to the maximum.  Territory taken by the army was handed over to the other forces to hold, leaving the army free to go forward.   Air force was sent into the jungles, the navy to the coastal belt along Trincomalee. STF took over the A9 road from Omanthai.   Civil Defence Force was sent to Mavil Aru and Nanthikadal lagoon.

The LTTE fought a cowardly war. Almost every inch of LTTE territory was mined and booby trapped. Mines were designed to ensure that the leg was blasted in such a manner that it was impossible to fit prosthesis to it later.  At Muhamalai, there were 25,000 mines in a 400 square mile area.  LTTE   also tried to get airborne surveillance stopped using the Ceasefire Agreement. They breached the Kalmadukulam tank hoping to drown the advancing troops. Troops climbed trees or fled to high ground to escape the sudden gush of water. .LTTE tried to mask one of their attacks, by craftily used a tape recording of women talking loudly and children crying, to give the impression that civilians were passing through

LTTE   fortifications were intended to trap and kill soldiers. Soldiers took up the challenge. LTTE had constructed   embankments 12-15 feet high with ditches 8 -10 feet deep, with supporting trenches and other defenses on the beaches and lagoons from Chundikulam to Pudumattalan. .The army took every one of these bunds, attacking from trenches which they dug at night. It was exhausting and laborious work, drinking water every 15 minutes.

The navy transformed itself from a ceremonial navy into a fighting navy. Navy commander stated that the Sri Lanka navy had combated the LTTE without the destroyers and combat ships used in sea battles. . The oldest vessel had been 44 years old and the newest was 19 years old.  Some of the boats carried 30 mm weapons while the normal gun used in sea combat is 75 mm or larger. One of the guns had been used in World War II.  Despite this, the navy stood up to the LTTE attacks. It fought 21 major sea battles in 2006, each lasting over 12 hours and in some instances over 15 hours. It went after the eight LTTE   floating arsenals   and destroyed them very successfully.

The navy improved its aging vessels, through innovation and ingenuity.  They also constructed their own small boats at Welisara and built its own version of the Israeli fast attack craft, in Colombo Dockyard. The navy integrated Bushmaster guns into the Israeli Dvora by themselves. “It cost us just the price of the guns; we did not have to pay the price of integration,”  the navy fought with fast attack craft (FAC), offshore patrol vessels (OPVs) and gun boats operated by the  Special Boat Squadron,(SBS)  and the Rapid Attack Boat Squadron. Both squadrons possessed high levels of physical fitness and training.  The navy’s elite force, the SBS had advanced training in both land and sea warfare. It was used for  surveillance, reconnaissance and land strike missions.

Air force provided close air support continuously during day and night even in unfavorable weather. They modified the MiG 27 to carry out night raids as well.  Sri Lanka pilots are the only users of MiG 27, to do this. The pilots   developed their own tactics and manoeuvres.They also used the MI 24 Hind for night operations. This too was a manoeuvre not attempt by many air forces. The surveillance and intelligence gathering missions of the air force, (UAVs, Beechcraft) provided valuable information to the service chiefs and to the front line group commanders. The pictures came direct to them.  The intelligence was very good. . It helped pilots study each target carefully and decide which type of weapon to use. After a campaign, the damage was viewed and based on this, they attacked again.

 

Civil Defence Force was upgraded, provided with automatic weapons and deployed very imaginatively. Together with army, CDF was used to provide security from Negombo to Panadura   to prevent LTTE attacking Colombo Port and other targets. CDF also watched over the routes used in Colombo by VIPs targeted by LTTE. CDF was deployed day and night on the stretch leading from the airport at Katunayake to the Peliyagoda city limits.  This resulted in some useful military detections. . Petty crimes in the areas also declined a little.  CDF had a special strike force, ‘Nandimithra’, made up of men and women with special commando night training as well as armed and unarmed combat tactics. They operated in groups of four. They were very effective in protecting the villages. They also provided vital information to the police and security forces. .It was the CDF that alerted the Air Force about the three propeller driven LTTE aircraft heading for Colombo. They gave information of its movements. (http://www.island.lk/index.php?page_cat=article-details&page=article-details&code_title=8607)

 


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