There’s no bigotry in challenging Islamic extremism

July 6th, 2014

Paul Monk  Courtesy THE AGE

Uthman Badar talks to press over the controversy surrounding the cancellation of his session on honour killings at the Festival of Dangerous Ideas. Photo: Edwina Pickles

Have not the Islamophobes already won the day when a person dare not speak on controversial matters because he is Muslim?” asked Simon Longstaff on Twitter last week.

That was a very strange rhetorical question in the circumstances.

He was commenting on the fact that Uthman Badar, spokesman for the radical Islamist group Hizb ut-Tahrir, had had his invitation withdrawn to speak at the Sydney Opera House on the proposition that “honour killings are morally justified”.

Is Longstaff serious? Does he really believe this is a debate worth having? Does he really believe that horror at so-called “honour killings” is Islamophobic?

Suppose it was suggested that there be a public debate on the proposition that wife-beating by white males is perfectly OK”.

Would Longstaff agree this was a topic that called for debate? Would he denounce those who rejected any such debate as exhibiting “aggressive or drunken white male-ophobia”?

Let’s get a little real. If there is a controversial topic worthy of debate regarding Islam and women, it is surely the question: “Can open debates in which Islamic traditions are criticised be conducted without Islamists threatening violence to all concerned?”

Such criticism is not Islamophobia, any more than criticism of child sexual abuse within the Christian churches is Christianophobia”.

And Badar is hardly in a position where he dare not speak on controversial matters”. He freely does so all the time without the slightest hindrance.

It’s high time we got this Islamophobia thing sorted out.

Islam is a religion with a long history, riddled with contradictions and conflicts. In recent decades some of its more wild-eyed proponents have been on the war path, determined to establish whole new caliphates. But even among those who are not jihadists in this sense, there are practices that are, to say the least, controversial.

Neither of those two statements is itself controversial and neither is Islamophobic. But there is a fundamental point at issue that goes beyond them. Islam, merely because it is a religion, can no more claim immunity from criticism or rejection than any other religion, be it Catholicism, Orthodox Judaism, Mormonism or Jainism. It is, however, in our time, more violently resistant than most to both criticism and rejection.

If I state that I am not a Muslim and that there is no possibility of my ever becoming one, that is not Islamophobia.

It has exactly the same status as declaring it is unthinkable to me that I could ever become a Biblical literalist or a flat earther. If I am a Muslim already, however, and come out with the statement that I am renouncing Islam, I can find myself in deep doo-doo.

In between, there is the terrain on which non-Muslims or liberal Muslims criticise old practices and bigotry or violent jihad. These criticisms are too glibly dismissed as Islamophobia by the “politically correct” and can lead to threats of violence by Islamists.

Some years ago I was asked by academics at the University of Melbourne to help draw up a list of speakers for a conference on Islam, Christianity and tolerance.

I urged that Ibn Warraq be invited. He is a former Muslim who, like Ayaan Hirsi Ali, has written courageously of the extraordinary threats that confront apostates from Islam. His books Why I am not a Muslim (1995), What the Koran Really Says (2002) and the edited volume of testimonies Leaving Islam (2003) are landmark studies in the debate over the nature and future of Islam in a multicultural world.

What was the response? A staff member, who happened to be from an Islamic background, exclaimed heatedly: Inviting him would be a disaster! That man is a fanatic!”

I was stunned at the time and still remain incredulous. I would have thought that such a voice was indispensable to building a society in which people can freely choose whether or not Islam holds any appeal for them – under a secular law that constrains Islamic fervour in the same way and for the same reasons it has constrained Christian fervour.

So here is a topic for Simon Longstaff, the St James Ethics Centre and the Sydney Opera House to hold a public debate on, by all means inviting Uthman Badar to contribute: Those who speak out about abuses under Islam are every bit as deserving of our recognition and protection as religious dissenters in the old Catholic era or human rights dissidents under Communist regimes.

Let Mr Badar speak, by all means, on behalf of Hizb ut-Tahrir. We would be all ears, I’m sure.

No sensible person wants to inflame phobias; but no self-respecting citizen of a free society should bow to intimidation by self-styled “militants” or affect a craven piety in the face of unrepentant sectarian bigotry of the Hizb ut-Tahrir variety.

Paul Monk

National Shoora Council urges those accusing Al-Qaida presence in Sri Lanka to complain to IGP without demonizing Muslims:

July 6th, 2014

Tariq Mahmud President National Shoora Council

Muslims have suffered enough, earlier at the hands of the LTTE for not supporting ‘Eelam’ and now at the hands of Bodu Bala Sena (BBS) inspired hate groups, displaying inexplicable intolerance towards a minority, which stood in its entirety with the Sinhala majority in the country’s struggle to defeat the LTTE. The BBS led violence in Aluthgama, Beruwala, Welipenna and surrounding areas had cost the Muslims over Rs. 5 billion in economic loss while the loss to the country would obviously be very much more.


However allegations of jihadist groups operating in Sri Lanka and being involved in the Aluthgama violence, which are absolutely false, are hurting the community, even more than the attacks on the Muslims in Aluthgama. The allegations are being made by those who have no defense or apology for the serial crimes unleashed by hate charged mobs on innocent Muslims on 15 and 16 June.

The National Shoora (Consultative) Council, (NSC), an alliance of national level Muslim organisations in Sri Lanka urges those making allegations of the existence in Sri Lanka of Al Qaida, Lashker-e Taiba (LeT), Indian Mujahideen (IM) etc. to promptly make complaints with supporting evidence to the Inspector General of Police for a full investigation and action against them, without an hours delay. The rabble rousing speech at Aluthgama on 15 June identified the Sri Lanka Police and the Sri Lanka armed forces as a ‘Sinhala Police’ and ‘Sinhala armed forces’. What prevents those few from the majority Sinhalese, making these fabricated accusations against the Muslims, lodging their complaint with evidence with the ‘Sinhala Police’?

We dare them to forthwith complain to the IGP, without demonizing the peace loving patriotic Muslims by uttering falsehoods to the public at meetings and press conferences. The NSC assures fullest cooperation not only in the investigations but also in dealing according to law against such ‘devils behind every bush’ if any. Indeed complaints to IG Police and firm action thereon are the greatest favours the accusers can do to the besieged Muslims of Sri Lanka, without poisoning the vast majority of Sinhala professionals, intellectuals and the masses with falsehood.

The Ministry of Defense has from time to time refuted such allegations made mostly by foreign intelligence agencies many of whom make the accusations to legitimize the entry of foreign powers into Sri Lanka for the collateral purpose of destabilizing the country and establishing a puppet regime, as these powers have done in other countries. Allegations of the existence of Muslim terror groups are often made by those in the payroll of these foreign powers, which too need

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to be investigated.   

 


“බැටන් චාර්‍ජ් මෑඩ් මන්ක්ස්” – සී ඒ චන්ද්‍රප්‍රේම

July 6th, 2014

චන්ද්‍රසිරි විජයවික්‍රම

මෙම ලිපිය ලිවීමට හේතුව අයිලන්ඩ් පත්තරේ දුවවන චන්ද්‍රප්‍රේමගේත්, 13-ඒ ප්ලස් පියා වන දයාන් ජයතිලකගේත් ලියුම් කියුම් ය. බොදු බල සේනා සංවිධානය නිසා වෙස්මුහුණු ගැලවී, පිටි පස්ස ගිනිගෙන, වියරු වැටී සිටින අය හා එය පිළිඹඳව වලිගේ පාගා ගෙන ඊර්‍ෂ්‍යාවෙන් භරිතව දඟලන අය අතරින් භයානකම හීතල හොරුන් දෙන්නා මේ දෙන්නාය. මොහිදීන් නම් කුඩා කාලයේ සිට ප්‍රේමදාස අරන් හදාගත් ඩ්‍රය්වර් හරහා ප්‍රේමදාස ජනාධිපතිට කිට්ටුවූ බාබු නම්වූ දෙමල කොටියා මෙන්, සිය පියාට මහින්ද දැක්වූ යටහත් පහත් බව හරහා දයානුත්, ගෝටාස් වෝර් ලියා චන්ද්‍රප්‍රේමත් ලිවෙලින් මහින්ද ජනාධිපතිතුමා සමඟත්, අපේ රට බේරාගත් (එරික් සොල්හයිම්ට අනුව මේ යුද්ධය දිනන්න පුළුවන් කියා කියපු එකම ඉහල නිලධාරියා ඔහුය) ගෝඨාභය සමඟත් කිට්ටු සම්බන්ධතා ගොඩනගා ගෙන ඇත. මේ දෙන්නාගේ සිංහල, විශේෂයෙන් සිංහල බෞද්ධ, විරෝධී රහස් ජාවාරම විමසා බැලීම මගේ අරමුණය.
 
    මෙහි ඉහළින් දැක්වෙන නම් ලැයිස්තුව බොදු බල සේනාවට විරුද්ධව ලියන කියන, මට ඉක්මණින්ම මගේ තකයෙන් එකතු කරගත හැකිවූ නම් ය. මීට තව නම් ඇතුලු කිරීමට මෙය කියවන ඔබලාට පුළුවන් ය. උදාහරණයක් වශයෙන් ජෙහාන් පෙරේරා, ආර් ඇම් බී සේනානායක, ගුනපාල සේනාධීර, කුමාර් රූපසිංහ වැනි අය මා මීට ඇතුලත් නොකලේ ඔවුන් කෙලින්ම බොදු බල සේනාවට හෝ ඥානසාර හිමියන්ට අපහාස කරමින් ලියූ ලිපි මා නොදුටු නිසාය. ඩී බී එස් ජෙයරාජ් ගේ හා කලම්බු ටෙලිග්‍රාෆ් වෙබ් අඩවියේ මෙවැනි අය බුරුතු පිටින් සොයා ගත හැකිය. මේ අයව නොයෙක් ආකාරයට වර්‍ග කල හැකිය. ක්‍රිස්තියානී, මාක්ස්වාදී, මිය ගිය මාක්ස්වාදී, 13-ඒ හරහා දෙමල රටකට වැඩ කරන අය, ඩොලර් කාක්කන්, ඇමෙරිකාවේ ට්‍රිප් එකකට වුනත් කුලියට කෑගසන යනාදී වශයෙනි. රෝහණ වාසල හා මලින්ද සෙනෙවිරත්න වැනි අය ඔහේ ලියන්නන් වාලේ ලියනවාය. මොවුන් කවුද හා බොදු බල සේනා ගැන එක් එක් අය කිව්වේ කුමක්ද කියා පැහැදිලිව ලිවීමට “පර්‍යේෂණ” කිරීමට මට වේලාවක් නැත. ඇතැම් අය ගැන යම් ඉඟියක් පමණක් නමට ඉදිරියෙන් ලියා ඇත.

    මේ ලැයිස්තුවේ ඉන්නා හැම එක්කෙනාම කිසි ලැජ්ජාවක් හෝ බයක් නැතිව සත්‍යයට වැලි ගසමින් කරගෙන යන බොදු බල සේනාවට පහර ගැසීමේ ව්‍යාපාරය “මේ යුද්ධය නම් කවදාවත් දිනන්න බෑ” කියා කියු ව්‍යාපාරයේම අළුත්ම මුහුණුවරක් පමණක්ම බව පැහැදිලිවම පෙනීයයි. අළුත්ගම ගැටුම වෙස්වලාගත් භාග්‍යයක් සේ මා සලකන්නේ, දැන් නියපොත්තෙන් නොකැඩුවොත් පසුව පොරොවෙන්වත් කැපිය නොහැකි ඉස්ලාම් අන්තවාදයක් රටේ ශීග්‍රයෙන් ව්‍යාප්තවෙමින් පවතින බව ඉන් එලිදරව් වුන නිසාය. සරත් ෆොන්සේකා පවා කියන්නේ ධර්‍ගා ටවුන් යනු මුස්ලිම් බලකොටුවක් කියාය.

හම්බන්තොට රාජපක්‍ෂ බලකොටුවක් කියන ඔහු ධර්‍ගා ටවුම මුස්ලිම් අයට භාර දී ඇත. රාජිත නමැති මොහම්ඩ්ද යන්නේ මෙය මය. මේ අනුව ප්‍රභාකරන්ටත්, විග්නේෂ්වරන්ටත් වඩා ඉදිරියට ගොස් මුළු ලංකාව පුරාම බල කොටු සැදීම ඉස්ලාම් ෂාරියා  අරමුණ ද? 

    මේ අනුව එලිදරව්වූ අළුත් කාරණා බොදු බල සේනා සංවිධානයට සිය උපාය මාර්‍ග  තියුණු කිරීමටත්, අළුත් කිරීමටත් මඟ පෙන්වන බව නිසැකය. අලිමංකඩ පරාජයෙන් පසු සිංහල උරුමය පක්‍ෂය පිහිටු වූ විට ඇතිවූ විරෝධය මෙන් දහස් වාරයක් වැඩි ඊර්‍ෂ්‍යාකාරි විරෝධයක් බොදු බල සේනාවට විරුද්ධව මතුවීම පුදුමයට කරුණක් නොවන්නේ වත්මන් ආණ්ඩුව බීරි අලියාට වීනා ගායනා කරනවා වැනි මට්ටමකට වැටුනු විට අවුරුදු දෙකක් පුරාම කල යාඥාව වෙනුවට ආණ්ඩුවේ අයෝග්‍ය හැසිරීම මහජනයාට එලිදරව් කිරීමට ඥානසාර හාමුදුරුවන් නිර්‍භීතව ක්‍රියාකල නිසාය. ගෝනි පුරා එකතුකල හැකි ඇමති නාම්බලාට හා මහළුන්ට පරයින්, බූරුවන් කීම ඔවුන්ට තුවක්කුවකින් වෙඩි තියනවාට වඩා තියුනු පහර දීමකි. මෙය බෝධි සත්ව නාගයා තමන් ගැරඬ්යෙක් කියා සිතා ගහන්නට දර පොල්ලක් ගත් ගැහනියට පෙනය පිප්පුවා වැනිය.

අනිත් හැමෝටම නායකයෙක් ඉන්නා නමුත් සිංහලයින්ට නායකයෙක් නැතැයි කීම මේ ජනාධිපතිවද, ජේ ආර්, ප්‍රේමදාස හා මිසිස් චන්ද්‍රිකා යන කසි කබල් අයගේ ගොඩටම තල්ලු කර දැමීමේ ආරම්භක පියවරය.

    බොදු බල සේනාව ශීඝ්‍රයෙන් ජනප්‍රිය වීමට විශේෂ හේතුව නම් ලංකාවේ හොර දේශපාලකයින් 1948 ට පෙර සිටම සිංහල බෞද්ධයින්ට හිත හොඳ ගෑණියෙකුට සලකනසේ සලකමින් සිටින බව මහජනතාවට තේරෙන භාෂාවෙන් උදාහරණ සහිතව පෙන්වා දීමට එයට තිබූ හැකියාවය (කුඩම්මාගේ සැලකිලි යන්න නියම වශයෙන් සිදුවන දේ සඟවයි). අනාගාරික ධර්‍මපාලතුමා හා මෑතකදී ගංගොඩවිල සෝම හාමුදුරුවන් විසින් ද කියා සිටියේ මෙයම වුවත් සිහි විකල් බුද්ධ ශාසන අගමැතිත්, රාජපක්‍ෂ ජනාධිපතිතුමාත් ඉන්ටර්ෆේත් බහුබූතය හා බහු ජාතික මනස්කාරය බදාගැනීම නිසා අසරණවූ සිංහල බෞද්ධයාට ඥානසාර හිමියන් නූතන දියසේන කුමාරයෙක් වැනි විය. 2005 හා 2010 ජනාධිපති මැතිවරණ වලදී රට කැඩීමට උල්පන්දම්දුන් අය අද කැබිනට් ඇමතිවරු වේශයෙන් සිංහලයින්ට හානි කරමින් සිටී.

චන්ද්‍රප්‍රේමගේ ඉතිහාසය

    චන්ද්‍රප්‍රේමත්, දයානුත් කෙස් පැලෙන තර්‍ක ගේන්නේ ඔරුව පෙරලුනු විට මේ පැත්ත හොඳයි කියනවා වගේය. හාමුදුරුවරුන්ට බැටන් චාර්‍ජ් කලයුතු බව චන්ද්‍රප්‍රේම කිව්වත් දයාන් ඊට වඩා ශූක්‍ෂම ලෙස ක්‍රියාකරයි. ඔහු දැන් දැන් සෝම හාමුදුරුවන් ගැනත් ලියයි. දයාන්ගේ පැටිකිරිය හැමදෙනාම වාගේ දනිතත්, චන්ද්‍රප්‍රේම ගුප්ත චරිතයක් සේ මට පෙනේ.

මාක්ස්වාදී සම්භවයක් ඇති ඔහු නම් දෙකකින් පේරාදෙනියේ හා කොළඹ විශ්වවිද්‍යාලවල සිටියාය කියාද මෙ ලඟදී වාර්‍තා විය.

ඔහු මාතර හරිස්චන්ද්‍ර කොම්පැනියේ අයිතිකරුගේ පුතා බවත්, 1966 කාලයේ යූ එන් පී එකේ ලෑන්ඩ් ආමි භාරව සිටි සී  ඒ ධර්‍මපාලගේ බෑණා බවත් දයාන් ජයතිලක පෙන්වා දෙන්නේ චන්ද්‍රප්‍රේම ක්‍රිස්තියානිද කියා මා ඇසූ ප්‍රශනයක් නිසාය. බෞද්ධ පවුලක ඉපදීම බෞද්ධ බලපත්‍රයක් යැයි ක්‍රිස්තියානි දයාන් සිතන්නේ හාමුදුරුවන්ට බැටන් චාර්‍ජ් කිරීමට බෞද්ධයෙක් කිසිවිටක යෝජනා නොකරන බව නොතේරෙන නිසාය. රත්ගම එම් ජී මෙන්ඩිස් මාක්ස්වාදය අතහැර ජෙහෝවාස් විට්නස් කෙනෙක් වූවානම්, හේමා ප්‍රේමදාස හා ඇගේ දුව ක්‍රිස්තියානියට ගියා නම්, ලලිත් කොතලාවල, නෙවිල් ජයවීර බුද්ධාගම අතහැර ගියා නම් චන්ද්‍රප්‍රේමලා බුද්ධාගමේද නැද්ද යන්න ඒ ඒ කාලයට අනුව තීරණය වන කාරණයකි. උදාහරණයක් වශයෙන් තමන් මාක්ස්වාදියෙකු මිස ක්‍රිස්තියානි යෙක් නොවේ යයි කීම දයාන් විසින් මිස අන් අයට ඇති අයිතියක් නොවේ.

    කොලපාට සමාජයක් කියා පොත් ලියමින් යූ එන් පී බත්ගොට්ටෙක් ව සිටි චන්ද්‍රප්‍රේම, යූ එන් පී කාලයේ සිදුවූ පගාදූෂණ ගැන කිව්වේ  ඔවුන් රට දියුණු කරන ගමන් ඉන් කොටසක් තමන්ටද හූරා ගැනීම/කඩා ගැනීම සාධාරණය කියාය. ඔහු කිව්වේ යු එන් පී එක බාගෙන කන බවත් ශ්‍රී ලංකා කාරයෝ ඉහගෙන කෑ බවත් ය. ඒ කාලයේ ඇමෙරිකා තානාපති කාර්‍යාලයේ සුවච කීකරු බලු පැටියක් ව සිටි ඔහු ඇමෙරිකාව හැඳින්වුයේ යූ එස් රාළහාමි කියා ය. ඔහුත් මේ යුද්ධය නම් කවදාවත් දිනන්න බෑ කියා මංගල සමරවීරලා සමග සුදු නෙළුම් අරන් ගියාද කියා මම නොදනිමි. 2005 චන්දයේදී ඔහු සිටියේ රනිල් ගොයියාට පක්‍ෂව ද කියාද මම නොදනිමි.

    කෙසේ වුවත් ගෝටාස් වෝර් ලියා ඔහු දැන් රාජපක්‍ෂ ආණ්ඩුව සමඟ යම් කිට්ටු සම්බන්ධයක් ඇති අයෙක් බවට පත්වී ඇත. ගෝටාභය රාජපක්‍ෂ මහතා ඔහුගෙන් පරිස්සම් විය යුතුය කියා මට සිතේ. මා එසේ කියන්නේ ඔහු අයිලන්ඩ් පත්තරේ ලියන සමහර දේවල් ඔහුත් නොදැනම ඔහුගේ අභ්‍යන්තරය එලියට දමන නිසාය. මේ ලඟදී ඔහු ලියූ දෙයක් නම ගෝඨාභය සිය නිල කාමරයේදී නෝර්‍වේ කාරයෙකුට ගහන්නට ගිය බවත් ඒ කාරණය ගෝටාස් වෝර් පොතේ නොදැම්මේ එය දුටු එකම ශාක්‍ෂි කරු එය ලිඛිතව තහවුරු කරන්නට අකමැතිවූ නිසා බවත් ය. දේශපාලන හොරුන්ට මෙන් නොව අවංක පුද්ගලයින්ට තරහ යෑම නිතර සිදුවන දෙයක් වුවත්, තරහ ඉස්සරහ දොරෙන් ඇතුල් වීමත් සමඟ ඥානය/බුද්ධිය පිටිපස්ස දොරෙන් පිටවී යාම පොදු දෙයකි. මේ නිසා නියම වශයෙන් ලෙන්ගතු පුද්ගලයෙක් නම් කරන්නේ තරහයෑම අගය කිරීම නොව ඉවසීමේ වටිනාකම පෙන්වා දීමය.

ජනාධිපතිව බය ගැන්වීම

    චන්ද්‍රප්‍රේමත් ඔහුගේම පිට පලුවක් බඳු දයාන් ජයතිලකත් (දෙන්නාම මක්ස්වාදී ගෝලයෝය) හීන් නූලෙන් කරගෙන
යන තවත් උපායක් නම් මහින්ද රාජපක්‍ෂ මනසට චන්ද භීතිය හා මරණ භීතිය ඇතුල් කිරීමය. බොදු බල සේනාව නිසා සිංහල චන්ද කැඩී යාමෙන් ඔහු පැරදීමට ඉඩ ඇති නිසා වහාම ක්‍රියාත්මකවී පිස්සු-මැර භික්‍ෂුව නිහඬ කල යුතු බව දැන් මේ ගෝලයින් දෙන්නාම එලිපිටම නිතරම ලියමින් සිටී. මොවුන්ගේ මේ ව්‍යාපාරය රෝසි සේනානායක කියපු ලංකා සමාජයේ ඇති බෞද්ධ පදනම ඉවත් කිරීමේ ව්‍යාපාරයේම කොටසකි. මෙය මියගිය ස්ටැන්ලි තම්බයියා ඉදිරිපත් කලේ වෙනත් ආකාරයකටය. ඔහු ඇසුවේ වයි ඩූ බුඩිස්ට්ස් කිල් කියාය. ක්‍රිස්තියානී මාක්ස්වාදියෙකුවු වික්ටර් අයිවන් ගේ රාවය මේ නඩයට එකතුවූ අලුත්ම නැට්ටුවාය. ඔහු කියන්නේ ඥානසාර හාමුදුරුවන් ගෝඨාභයගේ රූකඩයක් කියාය. 1948 ටේ සිටම කොළඹ දේශපාලක හොරු රැල සිංහල බෞද්ධයාට හිත හොඳ ගෑණියෙකුට සේ සැලකීමේ උපරිම අවස්ථාවට මුහුණ දීමට ඇතිවූ බලවේගය බොදු බල සේනාව මිස එය කිසියම් තනි ගිහියෙකුගේ අතකොළුවක් නොවන බව වික්ටර්‍ලාට නොතේරනවා නොවේ. ගෝඨාභයට වාතයක් ගියත් එය වෙඩිල්ලක් සේ පෙන්වන මේ කළු සුද්දන් මස් මාළුවත් අනුභව නොකරන ඔහුට කරන අපහාස විදේශීය බලවේගවල ඩොලර් වලට කෑදර කම නිසා කරන රට බකල් කිරීමේ ව්‍යාපාරයේම කොටසකි.  

ඉතිහාසය විකෘති කිරීම

    තමන්ට වාසි වන ආකාරයට කෙස් පැලෙන තර්‍ක ගෙන ඒම හා කාරණා විකෘති කිරීම මේ දෙන්නාම හැමවිටම කල, කරන, දෙයකි. චන්ද්‍රප්‍රේම කියන්නේ අද බෞද්ධයින් කුලප්පු වී සිටීමට හේතුව නම් ජනාධිපති හෙල උරුමය පක්‍ෂයේ නායකයින්ට සෑහෙන තරමේ අල්ලසක් නොදීම නිසා බවය. යුද්ධය අවසාන වූ පසු සිංහල බෞද්ධ බලවේග වල නායකයින්ට ඔවුන්ගේ ජාතිවාදය වැපිරවීමේ රක්‍ෂාවල් හා තැන නැතිවී ගිය බවත් මේ නිසා ඔවුන් මුස්ලිම් මුව හමකට තලන බවත් චන්ද්‍රප්‍රේම ගේ මතයය. විමල් වීරවංශගේ පක්‍ෂයටත්, හෙල උරුමයටත් රජයේ සංස්ථාවලත් වෙනත් ආකාරයේ රජයේ තනතුරුත් (තානාපතිකම් ?) දීමෙන් ඔවුන්ව නිහඬකර ඔවුන්ගේ පක්‍ෂ දියකර ඔවුන්ව ශ්‍රී ලංකා නිදහස් පක්‍ෂයට බඳවා ගැනීමට චන්ද්‍රප්‍රේම යෝජනා කරයි. දයාන් ජයතිලක මෙතරම්ම මෝඩ අදහස් ඉදිරිපත් නොකලත් ඔහු නොකියා කියන්නේද බෞද්ධ අන්තවාදීන් විනාශ කලයුතුය යන්නය. නැතිනම් රාජපක්‍ෂ රෙජිමය අනතුරේ වැටෙන්නේ බෞද්ධ චන්ද නැතිවීයාමෙන් යයි අළුත්ම සිංදුවක් ඔහු දැන් ගයන්නේ අලුත්ගම සිද්ධිය යොදා ගනිමින් ය. කලින් කලට කටුස්සෙක් පාට වෙනස් කරන්නාක් මෙන් පුදුම තර්‍ක ගෙන ඒමට ඔහුට පුදුම ආකාරයේ හැකියාවක් ඇත. ඔහුගේ මොලය හා දැනුම රටේ යහපතට නොයෙදීම ඔහුගේ අවාසනාවද රටේ අවාසනාවද?

පන්සලේ-සිවුරේ බලය

    මෙම පණ්ඩිතයින් දෙන්නාටම හා වික්ටර් ගොයියාට ජාතක කතා ආශ්‍රයෙන් ගොඩ නැගුන ලංකා සමාජය ගැන වැටහීමක් නැත්තේ මොවුන් කුඩා කාලයේ සිටම ක්‍රිස්තියානි (නලින් සිල්වා කියන යුදෙව් ක්‍රිස්තියානි ලෝක සමාජ ක්‍රමයේ) බලපෑම් මත බ්‍රේන් වොස් වූ අය නිසාය. කුඩා දරුවෙක් මහණ වීමට පෙර තමන්ගේ අම්මාට හා තාත්තාට වඳියි. ඊට සවල්ප වේලාවකට පසු ඒ අම්මා හා තාත්තා සාමනේර වූ පුතාට වඳී. මෙය ලෝකයේ වෙන කිසිම සමාජයක සිදුවන්නක් නොවේ.

අම්මා රෝගාතුරව ඔත්පලව අසරණව සිටින විට සිවුරෙන් ඉවත්වී ගිහියෙක්ව අම්මා බලාගත් හාමුදුරුවරුද එමට සිටියහ. අම්මා මිය ගිය පසු නැවත මහන වෙයි. නමුත් ශාසනයට දරුවෙක් පූජා කිරීම සර්‍වතෝභද්‍ර තනි දෙවියෙක් අදහන යුදෙව්, ක්‍රිස්තියානි, ඉස්ලාම් අය අතරවත්, හින්දූන් (බ්‍රහ්මයා ප්‍රමුඛ බොහෝ දෙවිවරු ඇති) අතරවත් නැති සංකල්පයකි. දුගී බව නිසා හෝ පෙර ආත්මයේ සිට කියාගෙන ආ නිසා හෝ යමෙකුට මහන වීමට සිතෙනවාද කියා ඕනෑ නම් තර්‍ක කල හැකිය.

    පොලිසිය ගිහියන්ට බැටන් චාර්‍ජ් කලත් සිවුරට එසේ නොකරන එක ගැන චන්ද්‍රප්‍රේම ප්‍රශ්න කරන්නේ මේ නිසාය. සිවුරේ සිට ගෙන වල් වැඩ කරන අය හිටියත් සිවුර පාච්චල් කිරීමට බෞද්ධයෙකුට නොහැකි මේ නිසාය. ජේ වී පී කාරයින්වූ තරුණ භික්‍ෂූන් හොර රහසේ මරා දැම්මා නිසැකය. නමුත් මේ රටේ පාලකයෙක් හාමුදුරුවන්ට බැටන් චාජ් කලොත් එය ඔහුගේ අවසානය ය.  බුද්ධරක්කිතලා-විමලා විජේවර්‍ධනලා වගේම වටරැක විජිතලාද ලංකාවේ ඇත. එකම වෙනස නම් පාදිලිවරු අයුතු ලෙස කාමුක වැඩ කරන විට ඒවා හංගන කතෝලික පල්ලි සංවිධානය මෙන් නොව වල් “හාමුදුරු” කෙනෙක් ඉන්නා පන්සල ගමේ හැමෝම දන්නා බවය. වැලිවිටියේ සරණංකර හාමුදුරුවන්ට එකැස් කණා කියා මරන්නට උඩරට දෙමළ වඩිග රජෙක් හැදුවේ උන්වහන්සේ චන්ද්‍රප්‍රේම සිතන ආකාරයේ හාමුදුරුනමක් නොවූ නිසාය. ගිහියන් දුර්‍වලවී හෝ බෙදී හෝ අසරණව ගිය විට රට හා ජාතිය රැක ගැනීමට ඉදිරිපත්වූයේ හාමුදුරුවරුය.

    ලංකාවේ සිංහල ජාතිය හා බුද්ධාගම බේරා ගත්තේ හාමුදුරුවරු මිස  චන්ද්‍රප්‍රේමලාගේ දයාන්ලාගේ සීයා ලා නොවේ. බුද්ධාගම ගැන ඔහුට වත් බංකොලොත් අයිලන්ඩ් පත්තර කාරයින්ට වත් ඇත්තේ මොන කැක්කුමක් ද? මල්වත්ත හා අස්ගිරිය මහා නායක හිමිවරු අද ඊයේ වෙන තුරුම (කාර් රේස් පිස්සන් එන තෙක්ම) මුනිවත රකිමින් සිටියේ එංගලන්තයේ රැජින මෙන් සුදු පාලකයින් ඔවුන්ව රට පාලනය සඳහා පාවිච්චි කල නිසාය. සුද්දන්ට බිලිබා ගත නොහැකිවූ එකම ආයතනය විද්‍යාලංකාරය ය. විද්‍යොදයේ නම් සහතික ප්‍රදානය කලේද සුදු ආණ්ඩුකාරයාය. රජුගේ රජවීම උදෙසා ස්ත්‍රොත්‍රපත්‍ර ලිවීම පවා මේ හාමුදුරුවරු කලේ කුමක් නිසාද? එය කපන්න බැරි අත ඉඹීමක් ද නැත්නම් බුද්ධාගමේ කියැවෙන මධ්‍යම ප්‍රතිපදාව අනුගමනය කිරීමද? ඉවසීමේ සීමාව පැන ගිය පසු හා රාජපක්‍ෂ ආණ්ඩුව මහානායක හිමිවරුන් ගැන කිසිම තැකීමක් නොකරන බව පෙනී ගිය විට බොදු බල සේනාවේ සහාය ඉල්ලීමට උන්වහන්සේලාට සිදුවිය. ආණ්ඩුව කාඩිනල්ට පෝප් ට ආවඩනවා මිස “අපේ හාමුදුරුවනේ” යන්න වේදිකා ආමන්ත්‍රණයක් පමණක් බව පෙනී ගියේය. ආණ්ඩු පෙරලීමට ඥානසාර හිමියන්ට බලයක් ඇති බව චන්ද්‍රප්‍රේමට නොතේරුණාට රාජපක්‍ෂ ආණ්ඩුවට එය තේරී ඇත. රාජිත ඉදිරි චන්දයට බයවී ඇති තරම ගැන සිතා බලන්න.

සිංහලයින්ට (බෞද්ධයින්ට හා දුප්පත් ක්‍රිස්තියානීන්ට) නිදහස ලැබුණාද?

     1948 ටේ ලංකාව ඇත්තටම නිදහස් වුනා නම් 1798 හෝ 1505 ට පෙර ලංකාවේ තිබූ බොහෝ ශිෂ්ටාචාර ලක්‍ෂණ, සාර ධර්‍ම නැවත ඉස්මතුවී ආ යුතුව තිබුණි. පෘතුගීසීන්, ලන්දේසීන් හා ඉංග්‍රීසි සුද්දන් රටට නොයෙක් හානි කලත් රටේ නියම සිංහල නායකයින් සිටියා නම් රට කබා සීනියා වී යන්නේ නැත. නමුත් ලෝකයේ අනිත් යටත් විජිතවලට සිදුවූ ආකාරයටම සුද්දන් මේ රට හැර ගියේ ක්‍රිස්තියානී බහුතරයක්වූ කළු සුද්දන් රැලකට බලය මාරු කර දීය. ආණ්ඩුව සරණං ගච්චාමී කියා සරණ පාඨයක් නැතැයි ඩී එස් සේනානායක කිව්වේ මේ නිසාය. ඔහුගේ ස්වාමියා වූයේ සර් අයිවෝර් ජෙනින්ස් ය.

බංගවේවා කියමින් හැසුරුනු මාක්ස්වාදීන් දුටුගැමුණු රජතුමාට ගඩොල් මෝඩයා කිව්වේත්, පන්සලෙන් කුඩා කාලයේ ඉගෙනගත් සර් ඩී බී ජයතිලකට ඇබිත්තයා කියා රාජ්‍ය මන්ත්‍රණ සභාවේ දී කෑ ගැසුවේත්  මේ නිසාමය. 1931 චන්දය වන විට මන්ත්‍රීන් ලෙස ආවේ ඒ ඒ පලාත් වල ප්‍රභූ වරුන් යැයි කියා ගත් සුද්දන්ගේ පස්ස ලෙවකාපු පිරිසය. ඉතාමත් ස්වල්ප දෙනෙක් මීට වෙනස් විය. සර්‍වජන චන්දබලය නිසා එතෙක් තමන්ට තිබූ තත්වය නැතිව යන බව දෙමල නායකයින්ට අවබෝධවූ අතර, බුද්ධාගම්කාරයෙක් යන ලේබලය ගසා ගතයුතු බව කුස්සියට සිංහල පාවිච්චිකල ප්‍රභූ රැලට වැටහින. මේ ප්‍රභූන් ඇමෙරිකාවේ වහල් හිමියන් ඒ කාලයේ කලා වගේම තමන්ගේ ළමාතැනීලා දැන හෝ නොදන හොර ගෑනු තබාගෙන ජොලියෙන් කලය ගෙවමින් සිටියේය. පානදුරේ සුසන්තා ද ෆොන්සේකා මා දන්නා එක උදාහරණයකි.

    1848 සිංහල බෞද්ධ සංහාරයෙන් පසු 1860 ගනන් වන විට කළු සුද්දන් බුද්ධාගමේ ආයුකාලය දශක දෙකකදී පමන අවසානවන බවට උදන් ඇනුවේය. මේ සියල්ල වෙනස්වී 1873 නේ පානදුරාවාදයෙන් පසු බෞද්ධ පුනර්‍ජීවනයක් ඇති වුයේ චන්ද්‍රප්‍රේමල දැන් ගරහන ආකාරයේම චන්ඩි හාමුදුරුවරුන් නිසාය. වලානේ සිද්ධාර්‍ථ හිමි පානදුරේ සිට රත්මලානට ආවේ සටනේ පෙරමුනට ආ යුතුවූ නිසාය. කුඩා කාලයේ ක්‍රිස්තියානිව සිටි මිගෙට්ටුවත්තේ ගුණානන්ද හිමි 1885 කොටහේන ක්‍රිස්තියානී ප්‍රහාරයට මුහුන දුන්නේ බෞද්ධ කොඩි හා යකඩ පොලු ද සමඟය. මෑත කාලයේදී එල්ලේ ගුණවංශ හාමුදුරුවන් තුවක්කුවක් අතට ගැනීම හැර යුද පිටියේදී කල යුතුවූ හැම දේම කල බව වරක් මට කිව්වේය. මේජර්‍ලා නෑ බෑ කියද්දී භටයින් සමග සතුරාට පහරදීමට කඩා පැන්න අවස්ථා එමටවූ බව උන්වහන්සේ කිව්වේ එය රට-ජාතිය-ආගම වෙනුවෙන් කලයුතුව තුබූ සේවයක් බව පවසමින් ය.

    සුද්දන් විසින් සිංහලයින්ට, සිංහල බෞද්ධයින්ට හානිකරවන ලෙස පැනවූ බොහෝ නීති රීති වෙනස් කරන ලෙස දුසිමක් පමනවන බෞද්ධ කොමිෂන් වාර්‍තාවලින් ඉල්ලා සිටියත් අගමැතිවරු, ජනාධිපතීන්, ඇමති පෙන්දන් කිසිම ක්‍රියාමාර්‍ගයක් ගත්තේ නැත. අඩු ගනනේ උඩරට ගැමි පුනරුත්ථාපන කොමිෂමේ යෝජනාවත් ක්‍රියාත්මක නොවීය. කලාතුරකින්වත් කල දේ බුද්ධාගමේ විනාශයටම හේතු විය. පාසැල් රජයට ගැනීම, පත්තර කන්තෝරු රජයට ගැනීම, විද්‍යෝදය-විද්‍යාලංකාර විනාශ කිරීම, වතු ජනසතු කිරීම ආදී සියල්ලම දේශපාලන් හොරුන් දමා කල විනාශකාරී ක්‍රියා විය.  බුද්ධාගම් ඇමති කෙනෙක් ඇති කිරීම ලොකුම ගොන් වැඩය විය. මේ නිසා පිස්සන් බුද්ධාගමේ පෝප් ලා වී ඇත.  අනිත් අතට මේ හැමදෙයක්ම සිංහලයා දෙමලාව සිංහල කිරීම පිනිස ගන්නා ලද උපක්‍රමය කියා ක්‍රිස්තියානි කොළඹ දෙමල පෙඩරල් කාරයින් කියා සිටියේය.

    සිංහල බෞද්ධයින් රැවටීමේ මේ කළු සුද්දන්ගේ ක්‍රියා පිලිවෙල දැන් එලිවී ඇත. බලෙන් අන්‍යාගම්කරණය, අලෙවි මවුලාන්ගේ ගව ඝාතන පින් කම්, රැවුල ගිනිගත් විට සුරුට්ටු පත්තු කරගන්නවා වැනි ආණ්ඩුව කොට උඩ යෑමට වගේ පේනා විට හොරෙන් ෂාරියා හලාල් ගෙන ඒම, ගෝනි බිල්ලන්සේ මුස්ලිම් කාන්තාවන් මුලු මුහුනම වසා ගැනීම, නොයෙක් කූට ක්‍රම මගින් සිංහල කාන්තාවන් ට වඳ බෙහෙත් කැවීම, කසාඳ බන්දවා ගැනීම, සෑම පුරාණ බෞද්ධ සිද්ධස්ථාන අසලම මුස්ලිම් ටකරන් පල්ලි ඇටවීම, මාල දිවයිනේ, පකිස්ථානයේ, ඇෆ්ඝනිස්ථානයේ මිනිසුන්ට ලංකාව පදිංච්වීමට ලබා දීම, මේ ආදී නොයෙක් ක්‍රියා පෙන්වා දුන්නත් රජය නිහඬව සිටීම හීතල යුද්ධයක් වී ඇත. රජය හා පගා ගන්නා පොලිසිය නිහඬව සිටින විට හාමුදුරුවරුන් ඉදිරියට ආ විට රජය නැති නීති ගැන කතා කිරීම විහිළුවක් වී ඇත. එක්කෝ නීති ක්‍රියාත්මක කල යුතුය.

නැත්නම නැති නීති අළුතින් පැනවිය යුතුය.

    බොරු කාරයින් සිවුරු දමාගෙන හැසිරීම මෙහිදී උදාහරණයක් ලෙස දැක්විය හැකිය. ඉස්ලාම් හා ක්‍රිස්තියානි දිගුකාලීන ප්ලෑන් ලෙස අවුරුදු විස්සකට පෙර හොරෙක්ව මහන කමට දම්ම්වා ගත හැකිය. අවුරුදු විස්ස්කට පසු පන්සලේ භාර කාරයා වන මේ හොරා බුද්ධාගම කබා සීනියා කරන්නෙක් විය හැකිය. වටරැක විජිත ගැන හෝ ව්ඳුරඹ සිරිවර්‍ධන හෝ පිටිදූවේ රහත් හොරා ගැන සිතා බලන විට මේ අයගේ වංචා එලිකර නිතියෙන් දඬුවම් කර සිවුර ගලවා දැම්මට බලයක් ඇති සංඝාධිකරණයක් පිහිටුවන ලෙස අවුරුදු 60 ක් තිස්සේම ඉල්ලා සිටියත් බොරු බෞද්ධ දේශපාලක හොරු නිහඬය.

චන්ද්‍රප්‍රේමලා කෑ ගසති. චන්ද්‍රප්‍රේමලා දයාන්ලා, රාජිතලා සිංහල බෞද්ධයින් කියනා මේ ප්‍රශ්න ගැන නිහඬය.    මුළු ලෝකයේම ඉස්ලාම් අන්තවාදය පැතිරීයාම හා ක්‍රිස්තියානී මූල ධර්‍ම වාදීන් පිස්සු බල්ලන්සේ හැසිරීම මේ අයට නොපෙනේ. දුර්‍වල රජයකට ලණු දීම ඔවුන්ගේ රාජකාරියය. ඔවුන් දැන් දැන් වල්පොල රාහුල, ගංගොඩවිල සෝම යන නම්ද පාවිච්චි කරමින් සිටී. ඒ අස්සෙන් ඩලස් අලහප්පෙරුමලා අරාබි සල්ලිවලට කෑදර කමේ මවුලාවරුන් පුහුණු කිරීමට අරාබි නමින් විශ්ව විද්‍යාල විවෘත කරමින් සිටී. මුස්ලිමුන් 40,000 ක් ඉන්නා නගරයකට මුස්ලිම් පල්ලි 49 ක් ම සදා ඇත්තේ අරාබි තෙල් සල්ලි වලිනි.  

  චන්ද්‍රප්‍රේමලා ගේ ප්ලෑන මිස් මිචෙල් සිසන් ගේ ප්ලෑන හා එකතුවන බවට හොඳම උදාහරණය ඥානසාර හාමුදුරුවන්ගේ වීසා එක අවලංගු කිරීමය. නරේන්ද්‍ර මෝඩිට 2005 සිට ඇමෙරිකාවට ඒම තහනම් කර තිබුණත් ඔහු චන්දය දිනපු හැටියේම ඔබාමාම ඒ තහනම ඉවත්කර ඔහුට ඇමෙරිකාවට එන්නට ආරාධනා කලේය. මගේ පුද්ගලික මතය නම් ඥානසාර හාමුදුරුවන ඇමෙරිකාවට නොපැමිනිය යුතුය කියාය. ඔහුගේ ජීවිත ආරක්‍ෂාවට තර්‍ජනයක් මේ රටේ දී ඇතිවිය හැකි නිසාය. එය සෝම හාමුදුරුවන්ට වූ දේ වැනි දෙයක් විය හැකිය. නමුත් ඇමෙරිකන් මහජනයා ඇමෙරිකන් නිලධාරීන් නොවේ.

ඔවුන් යුක්ති සහගත සාධාරණ මිනිසුන් ය. මාධ්‍ය මාෆියා මගින් ඔවුන්ගේ ඇස් බැඳ, නොමගයවන අවස්ථා එමටය.    ඒසියන් ට්‍රිබුයුන් වෙබ් අඩවියේ දයා ගමගේ විසින් ජූලි 4 දා ලියූ ලිපියක කියන්නේ ඥානසාර හාමුදුරුවන්ට විසා තහනමක් දමා ඇත්තේ ඔහු ගෝඨාභය රාජපක්‍ෂගේ ඉත්තෙක් කියා කොළඹ ඇමෙරිකන් තානාපතිවරිය තීරණය කර ඇති නිසා බවය. 1998 ජාත්‍යන්තර ආගමික නිදහස පිළිඹඳ ඇමෙරිකන් නීතියේ 604 ජී වගන්තිය අනුව අන් අයගේ ආගමික නිදහසට විරුද්ධව ක්‍රියාකරන විදේශ නිලධාරීන්ට වීසා දීම තහනම් කර ඇත. ගෝටාභය හා එකට පින්තූර ගෙන ඇති නිසා ඥානසාර හිමියන්ව ගෝටාභය හරහා රජයේ නිලධාරියෙක් කර ඇත්තේ සිසන් නෝනාය.

    මා සලකන්නේ ඇමෙරිකන් වීසා එක නැති කිරීම හාමුදුරුවන්ගේ අපලයක් ගෙවීමක් හා වෙස්වලාගත් භාග්‍යයක් ලෙසය. එසේ වුවත් සිසන් නෝනලා චන්ද්‍රප්‍රේමලා වැනි ලංකාවේ ඉත්තන් රැල අල්ලා ගෙන මේ රටට කරන හානිය ඇමෙරිකාවේ නීතිපතිටත්, කොන්ග්‍රස් එකටත් පෙන්වා දීමට මේ විසා සිද්ධිය කදිම අවස්ථාවක් යැයි මට සිතේ. ඇමෙරිකාවේ ද නොයෙක් ප්‍රශ්න ඇතත් 1978 සිට මා ඇමෙරිකාවේ ජීවත් වන්නේ මේ රටේ සමාජය සාධාරණ සමාජයක් නිසාත්, යමෙකුට යමෙක්ව රැවටිය හැක්කේ තාවකාලිකව මිස සදාකාලිකව නොවන නිසාය.

    බොදු බල සේනාවේ ව්‍යවස්ථා, නිල පත්‍රිකා, හා නොයෙක් ක්‍රියාවන් වලින් කිසිදු ආගමකට හෝ වර්‍ගයකට හානියක් සිදු කර නැත. තමන්ගේ වත්ත ශුද්ධ කර ගැනීමට යාමේදී බිලියන ගනන් වන මුස්ලිම් පිරිස් අතරේ හා ක්‍රිස්තියානීන් අතරේ මූලධර්‍ම වාදීන් අන්තවාදී ක්‍රියාවල නිරතව සිටින විට හා ඒ බව පෙන්වා දුන් විට සිංහල බෞද්ධ යැයි කියා ගන්නා පාලකයින් නිවට ලෙස හැසිරෙන විට සාමකාමීව ප්‍රතික්‍රියා කිරීම ආගමික නිදහසට බාධා කිරීමක් නොවේ. මේ බව හරි ආකාරයට පෙන්නා දීම ඇමෙරිකාවට කරන සේවයකි.

    මොහමඩ් අලි ජින්නා වරක් ගාන්ධිට කිව්වේ, “මිස්ටර් ගාන්ධි, යූ වර්‍ෂිප් කව් ඇන්ඩ් වී ඊට් කව්, සෝ හව් කැන් වී බි ෆ්රෙන්ඩ්ස්” කියාය. මේ ඉන්ටර්ෆේත් මල ඉලව්වද එවැනි දෙයකි. සර්‍ව බලධාරී දෙවියෙක් නොපිලිගන්නා, මිනිස් ජීවිතය චක්‍රාකාරයයිද එහි ආත්මයක් නැතැයිද, චතුරාර්‍ය සත්‍යය හා ආර්‍ය අෂ්ඨාංගික මාර්‍ගය අනුගමනය කරන් බුද්ධාගම ක්‍රිස්තියානි, ඉස්ලාම්, යුදෙව් ආගම් සමඟ පාස්සන්නට නොහැකිය. මෙය ජාත්‍යන්තර ප්‍රෝඩාවක් ලංකාවේ දේශපාලකයින් තමන්ට චන්ද ලබා ගැනීම පිනිස කරන උප්පරවැට්ටියක් පමණය. මෙවැනි දේ සඳහා අල්ලා ගත හැකි හාමුදුරුවරු එමටය. මහාවිහාර අභයගිරි කාලයේ සිටම එවැනි අය සිටියේය. අන් ආගම් වලට ගරු කිරීම හානි නොකිරීම ගැන බුද්ධාගමට පාර පෙන්වීමට සුද්දන් ලඟදී හදාගත් හියුමන් රයිට්ස් නීති හෝ කොම්ෂන් අවශ්‍යද?

    මේ වගේම පිස්සු අදහසක් නම් බහු ජාතික කතාවය. ලංකාව සිංහල බෞද්ධයින්ගේ රටය. ක්‍රිස්තියානී වූයේ මේ බෞද්ධයින් මය. මේ අයටවත් ඉස්ලාම් අයටවත් බෞද්ධයින්ගෙන් හානියක් නොවීය. පන්සලක සියයට තිහක් පමණ ශුද්ධ භූමිය වෙන්වී ඇත්තේ හින්දු දෙවි දේවතාවන්ටය. මේ රටේ කාටවත් වෙන් කල නිජ භූමි නැත. නියම වශයෙන් කියනවා නම් තේසවලමෙයි නීතිය හා ගෑනුන් පහක් තබා ගැනීමට ඇති ඉස්ලාම් නීතිය අහෝසි කල යුතුය. මේ රටේ ඇති සිංහල බෞද්ධ පදනම යටතේ අවුරුදු දෙදාහක කාලයක් තිස්සේ දෙමල හා පසු කාලයක පැමිනි මුස්ලිම් ජාතිකයින් ජීවත් විය. සියළුම අයිතිවාසිකම් ඇතිව ලංකාවේ ජීවත්වීමට සුළු ජනවාර්‍ගිකයින්ට බාධාවක් වී නැත. ප්‍රශ්නයක් මතු වූයේ වෙනම දෙමල රටක් ඉල්ලා ටැමිල් නාඩ් පටන්ගත් නාඩගම නිසාය. චෙල්වනායගම්ට මෙය හොඳ ජාවාරමක් විය. සිංහල කළු සුද්දන් මෙහිදී නිවට ලෙස හැසුරුනේය. බලයට කෑදරකම නිසා මොවුන් රට විනාශ කලේය. ජන සභා මගින් ගමේ ජනයාට බලය පවරා මේ රට ගොඩ ගැනීමට තිබුනු අවස්ථාව වෙනුවට දිවි නැඟුමක් අටවා, පලාත් සභා හොරුන් සමග කැලෑ පාරකට රට දක්කා ගෙන යෑම දැන් පාරාවලල්ලක් වෙමින් පවතී. මා විසින් සංහිඳියා කොමිසමට දුන් සාක්‍ෂිය සලකා බැලීමට බොදු බල සේනාවට කාලය පැමිණ ඇතැයි මම සිතමි. මී ලඟ මහ චන්දයේදී ගමින් ගමට ගොස් හොර බෞද්ධයින් පැරදවීමටත්, පක්‍ෂ දේශපාලනයෙන් මහජනයා ගලවා ගැනීමටත් ඥානසාර හාමුදුරුවන්ට බලයක් ඇති බව නිසැකය.

a letter from Muslim Council of Sri Lanka to the High Commissioner of India regarding Indian news reports of Islamic terrorists operating from Sri Lanka to target India.

July 6th, 2014

Muslim01Muslim02

කන්න දුන්න අ ත හම්බයෝ හපාකති -4 කොටස

July 6th, 2014

ධර්මසිරි සෙනෙවිරත්න

එකල ටයිම්ස් ඔෆ් සිලෝන් පුවත් පත සිංහලයට විරුද්ධ වූ අතර  වැවිලිකරුවන්ගේ  ප්ලන්ටින්ග් ගැසට්  පත්තරය සිංහලයන්ට පක්ෂව  සිටි අතර මුස්ලිම් වරුන්ට විරුද්ධව සිංහලයන්ට  දුක්ගෙනවිලි ඇති බව  ප්‍රකාශ කළේය ,.කැරලි මර්දන කොමසාරිස් olcot පොලිස් නිලධාරීන්ට  බැන  වැදුණා ඔවුන් බොරු පතුරුවා තවත්  කලබල වැඩිකලනිසා  . එදා පොලිසිය සිංහලයන්ට විරුද්ධ වුයේ මුස්ලිම් සල්ලි වලටයට වීමෙනි  කලබල ගැන රජයේ මතයට විරුද්ධව  යුරෝපීයයන්  වෙනුවෙන් මන්ත්‍රණ සභාවේ සිටි නියෝජිත හැරී ක්රීසි  ඇත්ත කිව්වේය මෙසේ කිවේය””” පළමුවෙන් වෙඩි  තැබුයේ මුස්ලිම්කරයන් විසින්  සිංහල බෞධ අයෙකුටය් .පෙර පැවැත්වීමට බාධා කළෝ මුස්ලිම්වරුය”””””‘( බේරුවලත් වුයේ එය මය  )
 අමද්‍යප ව්‍යාපාර වැනි කටයුතුවල  යෙදුනවුන්ට නිග්‍රහ කරන ලදී —. පරීක්ෂණ නැතිව සති ගණන් සිරකර තබනලදී . මුදල් ඇති සිංහලයන් සොය සොයා හම්බයෝ මුදල් ලබා ගැනීමේ අරමුණින් බොරු චෝදනා  එල්ල කළහ 

එදා වෙරළබඩ  හම්බයෝ  අනිත් උන් උසිගන්වුව සේ දැන්  වහබි යෝ සහ  තවත් උන් රටට ඇවිත්  පාඩුවේ සිටි මුස්ලිම් වරුත් උසිගන්වති . අෂ්රොෆ් මුස් ලිම් ත්‍රත්තවාදය අරම්භාකයාය එයට නම් කර්මය පල දුන්නේය .  කලාම සුත්රයත් හැමදාම කියවන බව අශ්රොෆ් කිව්වා මතකද  සෝම හිමි සමග වාදයේදී එයා  දැනගන හිටියේ “””  රට කාලාම  ඉවරකරන සුත්තරයය් ””’ යනුවෙන් ඒ දවස්වලම මම හෙළදිව පත්තරේට ලිව්වා
ටෛපින්  වැරදි මෙහි  තිබියහැක  සමාවී  කියවන්න

ම විසි න්  ලියු  “”  විමුත්ති මග්ග හෙවත්  අපා ගත නොවන  මග” නම්   පොතේ පිටු 56ක් පුරාම මේ ඉස්ලාම් මුස්ලිම්  ක්‍රියා ගැන ලිය ඇත  ඒ ටික කියෙව්වොත් සිංහලයින්ගේ ඇස්  අරෙනු ඇත (සරසවී    කියවන නුවන   නෙදිමාල  පොත්හල් )

කන්න දුන්න අත හම්බයෝ හපා කති ( 2 කොටස)

July 6th, 2014

ධර්මසිරි සෙනෙවිරත්න

 1915 වනවිට සිංහල අය්තිවාසිකම්  වලට දරුනුලෙස පහර වැදෙන්නට  විය  .කුරුනෙගල දිස්ත්‍රික් උසාවියේ නඩු අංක  3649 න්  පැහැදිලිවූ පරිදි මුස්ලිම්වරු  ඉතා දුෂ්ටලෙස  බෞධ  පෙරහැරකට  පහර දී ඇත  පොලිසිය  තත්වය නරක අතට හැරවූ බව වූඩ්  හඋස්  විනිසුරුද ප්‍රකාශ කළේය  රජයේ සේවක පෙරුමාල්  විසින්   වසංගත රෝග වෙනුවෙන් පැවැත්වූ  පෙරහැරකටද  මුස්ලිම්වරු පහර දුන්නත් පොලිසිය පරීක්ෂණ පවත් වුයේ නැත  .වසර 13ක්  තිස්සේ නොකඩවා  පවත්වාගන ආ   මනුවර බත් දන්සලට  මඩුවක් තැනීමටවත්  සුද්දෝ අවසර දුන්නේ නැත ඊට හේතු වශයෙන්  පෙන්නුවේ දන්සල ළඟ ඇති මුස්ලිම් කඩයේ අදායම අඩුවිය   හැකි බවය්  අලාභයක් වේ නම් එය ගෙවීමට පොරොන්දු වූ පසු  රු  50.00 ඇපයක් පිට බලපත්‍ර ය ලබගේනීමට සිංහලයන්ට සිදුවිය .

1915 වෙසක් බැති ගී පෙරහරද මුස්ලිමුන් විසින් කඩාකප්පල් කිරීම නිසා  කලබල ඇතිවිය . මුස්ලිම්වරු දළදා මාලිගාවට පහරදෙන බව අරන්චිවී සිංහලයෝ  රැස්වුවිට මය 29 දින රාත්‍රී මුස්ලිම්කඩයක  සිට පාරේ ගිය සිංහලයෙකුට වෙඩි තබන ලදී  සාහසිකය කවුද කියා දන දැනත්  
 පොලිසිය කිසිවක් කලේ නැත්තේ  මුස්ලිමුන්ට සහයෝගයටය  මිනිය ආදාහනය කිරීමටවත් පොලිසි අවසර නොලැබුනේය. එනිසා සිංහලයන් සන්සුන්කිරිම සඳහාවත්  ඔවුන් අමතන මෙන් සිංහලයෝ කල ඉල්ලීමටවත්  සුදු දිසාපති අහුම්කන්දුන්නේ නැත..පරීක්ෂණයක් කරන මෙන් පොලිස් ප්තිගෙන් කල ඉල්ලීමද ප්‍රතික්ෂේපවිය . මේ අතර තවත් සිංහල ලිපිකරුවෙකුට පිහියෙන් අනින ලදී .1915 පැනවූ යුද්ධ  නීතිය  තුන්මසක් ක්‍රියාත්මක විය.. ගෙයින් හා ගමෙන් බැහැර වන අ ය දුටුතැන වෙඩි තබා මර දමන ලදී   කොලහවලින් මියගිය ගණන 36ක් නමුත්  හමුදාවලින් මාරු ගණන 66කි  නදුපවරු 8428න්  4855ක්  වරදකරුවන් කරනලදී. 358ක්  යුධධිකරණයෙන් වරදකරුවන් කරනලදී  සමහරු සොල්දාදුවන්ට අල්ලස් දී නිදහස් වුහ අල්ලස් සඳහා මුදල් සෙවීමට ඉඩම් හම්බයන්ට විකිනීමට සිංහලයන්ට සිදුවිය

සිංහලයෝ මුස්ලිම්  සතුරන්     ගැන තේරුම් නොගත්තත්  මීට පෙර  කතෝලික සංවිධානය මනසේ සංවිධානයවී මුස්ලිම් කඩ වර්ජනය කර සියලු සබඳතා  නැවත්වුහ  එනිසා මීගමුව වෙනි පළාත්වලින් මුස්ලිම්වරු ඉවත්වුහ .. අද අපිට මෙය හොඳ පාඩමක්
                           
මුස්ලිම්වරු පමණක් මුලාදනියෙකුගේ  විශේෂ ආරක්ෂාවට පත්කරනලදී  සිංහලයන්ට හමුදාවෙන් මදි පුංචි කම් කරනලදී. මහනුවර නගර සභික වීරසූරිය  කෙරලි මර්දනයට රජයට උපකාර කල අයෙක් වුවත්  ඔහුගේ ඉඩමේ   කම්කරුවන් ගම්වලටයවීමටවත් පොලිසිය අවසරදුන්නේ නැත. අකීකරුවුවහොත්  ඔහුව යුධ්ධාදිකරණයට  ගෙනයන බවට  තර්ජනයකරනලදී  ඒ  ලිපියද එව්වේ  කැරලි ඉවරවී දින 20 කට පසුවය  1915 මැය්  22 මුස්ලිමුන්ගෙන් පහරකනලද අන්ධ සිංහලයාගේ  නද්වේදී නඩුකාරය ගත්තේ  යු රෝපීයයාගේ  පැත්තය . රත්නපුර හීන්ගශින්නේ අවුරුදු 50 ක  සුබරට් එතනා කුඹුරේදීම හමුදාවෙන් මැරුවිට  දිසාපති    දුන් වන්දියනම් රු  300.00බැංකු ගිණුමකට දමීමය්.

මුස්ලිමුන්ට අවශ්ෂ්‍ය සිංහලයෝ හිරභාරයට ගන්න ලදී . පානදුරේ arthur  dias  මෙසේ හිරෙටගෙන ජීවිතාන්තය දක්වා  සිරදඩුවම් නියම කරන ලද්දේ  පොලිස් මහේස්ත්‍රාත් වරයා  විසින්  දිඅස්  නිර්දෝෂී බව  කියා තිබියදෙත්ය. . පසුව ඔහු නිදහස් කරන ලද්දේ  විප්ලවයකට බියවූ නිසාය. ඔහුගෙන් පවුම් 5000ක්  අයකර ගන්නාලදී. බොරලුගොඩ රාළහාමි නිදහස් කලේ සාක්ෂි ඔප්පු කරගන්ට බැරිවූ නිසාය. .
(මතුසම්බන්ධය් )—

ධර්මසිරි සෙනෙවිරත්න
—————————
 ප්‍රශ්න වලට පිළිතුරු
———————–

1911 ජනගහනය මෙසේය  සිංහල  2,715,500ය් — ලංකා දෙමල 528,000ය—ලංකා මුස්ලිම් 233900+ඉන්දියානු මුස්ලිම් 32700ය්  අරගල  ආරම්භ කලේ වෙරළ බද සිටි මේ 32000 කට්ටියය්පසුව අනිත් උන්ටත්  එක රහවැටුන . 
දොන් කරෝලිස්  හේවාවිතාරණ – දොන් කරෝලි නිර්මාතෘ- 1833-1906-උපන්නේ යටියන – බිරිඳ  මල්ලිකා  ධර්මගුනවර්දන.   මොවුන්ගේ දරුවෝ 5ය්
1.. don  david  හේවාවිතාරණ  පසුව  අනගාරික තුමා .2. දොස්තර  charles  alvis  hevavitharana .3. එඩ්මන්ඩ් හේවාවිතරන .4සය් මොන් හේවාවිතාරණ  5.එන්ගල්ති නා  හේවාවිතාරණ
1915  සිද්ධියට සම්බන්ධ වන්නේ  අංක 3 හි සඳහන්  edmond  ය

The lascoreens / sepoys continue to betray Sri Lanka

July 5th, 2014

Shenali D Waduge

Lascarins (or Lascareen or Lascoreen or Lascarine) (Sinhala: ලස්කිරිඤ්ඤ laskirigngna) is a term used in Sri Lanka to identify indigenous soldiers who fought for the Portuguese during the Portuguese era (1505–1658) and continued to serve as colonial soldiers until the 1930s. In other words Lascarins are those who fought on the side of enemy against their own people. There was also the term sepoy used for natives who worked for the colonial army. Lascoreens and sepoy are loosely used to describe people who went against their nation to serve the enemy for money and other perks. They were often known for their servitude to the white man. The call to decolonize colonized minds draws from the need to break away from thinking that the world’s solutions lie with only the white race, worshipping the white race and the realization that to build up one’s own country one needs to first feel proud of it, to not only feel proud to be a native but resolve to serve the nation not to surrender one’s nation. The challenge to the Sinhale nation is to make sure Sri Lanka does not become a South Korea or Maldives both nations formerly Buddhist.

Thriving civilizations fell when search for trade discovered land. Desire to acquire land became violent leading to nations being colonized and people becoming indentured servants or slaves. It was from the sweat of these natives and the resources stolen from their lands that the wealth of European nations was built. None of the rights that these nations preach to us were relevant when they descended on our lands and took away by force what was ours. Years after, these nations that have built their empires impoverishing nations while introducing policies that have kept nations in systematic debt and plagued with conflict pretend they had no role in what these countries suffer. Not only have they ruined nations but they have through the systems they introduced nurtured generations of people drawn to and drowned in a mentality that makes them think there is no better race than the white man.

When foreign colonial invaders landed in Sri Lanka a strategy quickly adopted was to hire locals to defend the Portuguese interests. There were people who worked for the enemy in the same manner as now. Almost all of the Lascarins were Catholic converted Sinhalese and some were Tamils. These lascorins were given ranks – Mudali, Mohandiram, Arachchies, Kankanis. There were also instances of lascorins changing sides. The famous battle of Gannoruwa can be given as an example. Lascorins had taken part on both sides during the Dutch-Portuguese war as well. The British empire was also built upon the Indian sepoy army performing the similar role to what the lascorins played in Sri Lanka. Indians volunteered to fight on behalf of the very nation that colonized them and made up the biggest volunteer force during World War 2.

Fast forward to the present we can see that land and profit are again the components that are driving the same Western nations to give handouts to purchase natives and get them to betray the nation. It is a case of history repeating.

Essentially, many of the voices seen today with locals chanting Western slogans of human rights, democratic norms, secularism, multiculture etc are from mouthpieces that have dollars and pounds tied to them. They are simply empty rhetoric attempting to fish in troubled waters when the foreign elements not only fund dissent but they are also fund the other side in what is a clear case of fictitious ‘concern’ for the people.

We will never know if the first stone thrown in Aluthgama was actually funded or whether similar other spontaneous incidents have all been planned and there is every reason to suspect given that these foreign nations out to overthrow and completely destabilize nations are upto mischief riding on the theme of democratic values and freedoms.

When we are told to follow diplomacy and decency these very western nations shake hands with leaders and behind the scenes fund organizations that are handsomely paid to buy over locals and brainwash them and incite them to create mayhem. We see these events happening before our very eyes. We become susceptible as a nation because there are people who would do anything for money. It is easy to tap people who have no morals, who have no love for the nation and no love for its people. They care only about themselves and are selfishly inclined to work with the enemy. We do not need to go far or be prompted to know who these people are.

Sri Lanka is at a crucial juncture. As a nation we can be proud that we have amongst us people patriotic enough to defend the nation. They defended the nation then throughout all attempts to invade Sri Lanka and they defended the nation against the LTTE. There are some Colombians who find it difficult to fathom why the country are so indebted to the ranaviruwo primarily because their focus is only on themselves and because they see nothing good in Sri Lanka and nothing that they wish to protect.

At this crucial time wherein it is obvious that even the UN is today compromised it is no time for petty politics and desire to politically take power. The advice is relevant for both ruling politicians and those in opposition as well. They must at all times remember that money disbursed to political parties, politicians to help them overthrow ruling governments is not because they love them any better but because they think that their choice of politician and political party would give to these foreign powers the much wanted access to the country for them to control along their agendas. We know how far the CFA betrayed the territory of the nation and such should not be repeated just to remain in power.

Politicians with lack of education and knowledge may not be able to understand the political scenarios taking place globally but they should realize that they need to all get their act together to ensure that the country does not fall because of their personal agendas, their lust for power and money and their desire to please the white nations of the West.

The Sri Lanka press has erred, its editors have failed to guide the nation, newspapers never championed the defeat of the LTTE, they never took up causes on behalf of the nation and today we see how far the Sri Lanka press has been compromised. The External Affairs ministry and key officers have fallen prey as well. Their slogan is always to follow a bayagulla policy, one of appeasement and never to take a forthright stand for the nation. We have scores of politicians ready to even divulge the names of Sri Lanka’s intelligence just to fill a bank account. There are even public officials working from the pockets of the West.

We cannot go on with the blame game. We know who the agents of the West are, we know how handsomely they are being paid to betray the nation. We can also contemplate the tactics they would use in Sri Lanka as these destabilizing operations all follow a common template. A good study of how the West operates will divulge exactly what is in store for Sri Lanka.

What we now need to do is to ensure that the country does not fall. In order to do that the GOSL must show clarity in governance. There are some areas that the GOSL has lacked leadership in, there are statements that need to be made and facts that need to be clearly stated. It is because things that need to be said and cleared that are not said and left ambiguous that all the cats and dogs are now demanding pieces of Sri Lanka for themselves. This is where the foreign agents know that differences prevail and what they are doing is only to manipulate an already unresolved issue. All foreign destabalizers succeed because the rulers fail to address and solve problems and issues that need to be solved but are not solved because politicians make personal remunerations from them.

We need to now set stories straight. We need to realize that the country is facing the biggest hurdle in history. We need to now stand together as a nation. The minorities need to also realize that the majority have been magnanimous to them far more than Sri Lanka’s majority has been treated in other nations. It must also be held that this nation was built by a Buddhist civilization and the ethos of the Sinhale Buddhist in a Sinhale nation must prevail. Politicians that rule a nation for a term cannot for personal compulsions, power politics change that status quo, neither can external parties that introduce new concepts and insist countries adopt them. There is a heritage, history, culture, ethos that needs to be maintained and fostered. It is the prerogative of the custodians of power to ensure that these aspects are not diluted, not compromised, not destroyed and not bargained in exchange for their personal glory and power. 

Australians Feel the Tamil Heat

July 5th, 2014

Prof. Hudson McLean

Australia in row over boats carrying Tamil asylum seekers
This was an Australian self-created problem, which has now reached the “Pain” mainly from the Aussie citizens.
In the UK, which has a huge Sri Lanka Tamil contingent, has experienced a concoction of criminal activity, from Drug running, Prostitution, Credit Card theft, Severe violence, Blackmail, Extorsion, Illegal Human trafficing, Money Laundering etc, is well documented.
Recently, the Tamils in Canada were creating similar problems which Canada will begin to regret their “soft hearted” policy towards Tamil Asylum seekers.
France and Italy also have their share of Tamil refugees, carrying their own excess baggage.  Switzerland has taken drastic actions to contain the issue.
What Australians should do, if I may give my “two cents” worth of opinion, is to shunt all these Tamil Asylum seekers to their own “Homeland” Tamil Nadu.
The Sri Lankan government under the leadership of HE President Mahinda Rajapaksa has “bent over backwards” to rehabilitate Tamil Terrorists. Moreover, some of the wealthiest Tamils in Sri Lanka have great European level lifestyles.
Colombo, Kotahena, Wellawatte have vast populations of Tamils enjoying life, far better than the Sinhala residents.
The Defense, under Secretary Gothabhaya Rajapakse, has taken a balanced but a professional commendable policy towards the defense of the Island.
Today, Thanks to the leadership of Rajapaksa brothers, the Island of Sri Lanka has turned into a Serene Peaceful place to live.
PS: Mr. Bernard Wijeyasingha – Thank you for your critical observations. Much appeciated.
Lorenzo – Keep up your active participation.
Sheni Waduge – Appreciate your journalistic skills, in the defense of Sri Lanka.
And of course, Thanks LankaWeb for this open opportunity!
 
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Spanish Inquisition and the death of the glorious Aztec civilization of Peru

July 5th, 2014

Senaka Weeraratna

Preliminary note

The ongoing Inquisition on Sri Lanka under UNHRC auspices in an European City i.e. Geneva, raises a myriad of questions not least being the double standards of Western countries in respect to Human Rights and the horrific nature of crimes committed by Europeans in the heyday of colonialism in the name of Justice.

Nothing is more appalling in the criminal history of the world than the ‘ legal murder ‘ under ‘ White man’s justice’ of  Atahualpa, the leader of the Incas people of Peru and ethnic cleansing and genocide of the glorious Aztec civilization by the Spanish Conquistadors.

The following two accounts provide an insight into a dark chapter in Western colonial history and this sad story in turn should alert people of non – European countries particularly in Asia and Africa that this same colonial mindset of inquisition, plunder and even genocide is still alive and kicking among some of those who have inherited the genes of two Spanish men Hernan Cortez and Francisco Pizarro who conquered Central and South America, and other European Conquistadors who conquered and dominated a good part of the rest of the world.

Those who do not learn history are doomed to repeat it.

Senaka Weeraratna

……………………….

1533 – A Trial Ends the Empire of the Incas

http://www.duhaime.org/LawMuseum/LawArticle-1580/1533–A-Trial-Ends-the-Empire-of-the-Incas.aspx

It would be a terrible injustice not just to the memory of the Incas, but to the English language, to refer to the events of August 29, 1533 in Cajamarca, Peru as a “trial“, at least under modern definitions of that process.

 

Of course, most contemporary legal thinkers could propose that there never really was any justice in the 1500s anywhere, as it were, until the first statutes were pronounced declaring the rights of the individual, such as the 1689: The English Bill of Rights or the 1789: Declaration of the Rights of Man.

Be that as it may, there was a formal record of the trial, as the Spaniards called it, of the last real, free emperor of the Incas, held in Peru on August 29, 1533. That record, the original of which is now lost, was written and endorsed for the record by the prosecutors, judges and executioners all of whom were Spaniards, and conquistadors. Even the date is uncertain with some historians referring to the date of his trial and death as July 26, 1533.

capture_of_Atahualpa

The Spaniards, still in the heyday of the Inquisition on the European continent, were oddly fastidious about the appearance and use of the legal words such as justice and “trial”. For example, at the first settlement the Spanish expedition leader Fransisco Pizarro started in South America, now Piura in present-day Peru, one of the first three buildings to go up was a court of justice.

The Accused

The accused in the 1533 mock trial was one Atahualpa, probably born in 1497, and then 36 years old. Even his name is uncertain since it has no authentic English or even Spanish equivalent, but was merely a convenient phonetic facsimile of the Emperor’s name. Other renderings of his name include Atahuallpa, Atawallpa and Ata Wallpa.

Atahualpa was on his way to claim the Inca throne at the capital Cuzco after having defeated his brother in battle. The grand Emperor of the Indians was called the Sapa Inca. This was a phenomenal civilization and stretched from modern-day Peru to include Chile, Ecuador, Bolivia and Colombia.

Atahualpa was soon to become the last true Emperor of the Incas and his brutal murder by the Spaniards under the guise of a show trial ended a fascinating civilization, one which pioneered farming, civilization, and specific areas of science such as medicine and astronomy.

Meeting With Destiny

At the town of Cajamarca, the Sapa Inca’s path and that of his 20,000 soldiers intersected with Francisco Pizarro and 168 Spanish soldiers, the latter on horseback. Although they had lamas, the Incas had never seen horses before and believed that man and horse were one almost like the minotaurs of ancient Greek mythology.

Nor had the Incas ever experienced another little something the Spaniards carried – short range cannons and firearms.

The Spaniards took advantage of initial friendly communications to get close to Atahualpa. They then used their firearms and horses to ambush and awe the Incas. Surprising Atahualpa’s entourage, the Spaniards quickly dragged him away into an easily defended building. The Spaniards then manipulated their hostage and his people to start a gold collection.

Captured by the Spaniards in this daring commando-style event, Atahualpa then bided his time as a hostage. He reassured his people not to attack the Spaniards because he felt that once they had received the ransoms, they would leave. The Incas, presumably, had a system of honor amongst thieves; something the Spaniards did not.

Justice?

death_of_Atahualpa

This travesty of justice stains the history and legacy of Spain, one already well-drenched in the blood of the Spanish Inquisition. The trial of Atahualpa is related in the very well written book, The Last of the Incas.

This proud king, better known as an Emperor, was firmly a captive of the Spaniards and was calling-in at the blade of a knife on his throat, the numerous gold reserves of his empire. Once the first returns from the locations identified by Atahualpa returned with phenomenal stores of gold, the Spaniards were confident that the other locations suggested by the Emperor were accurate and his usefulness had ended – a few more boatful of soldiers, horses and guns and they were confident they could get the gold themselves.

Atahualpa had outdone his usefulness. The solution was the presentation of a 12-charge indictment including one especially farcical charge of raising an insurrection against the invaders of his land. He was also charged with abiding with un-Roman Catholic law such as incest (the Sapa Inca could only marry their sisters) and adultery which was also expected of the Sapa Inca.

Atahualpa was also charged with practicing idolatry charge we can now look back with some humor since the Roman Catholic Church is nothing if not the worship of paper, metal and porcelain idols. But the ominous feature of the charge of idolatry was that if found guilty, the accused was subject to being burnt alive.

There were many Spaniards in Cajamarca and so Pizzaro, the leader of the Spanish forces knew that there would be many reports of this trial made back to Spain. Rumors that had been returned to him were to the effect that many Spanish soldiers had come to like this proud but graceful emperor and were against the persecution of him because he had been so compliant and had done as requested: led the Spaniards to his empire’s gold reserves and gold mines. Reports made back to friends and family of some of the Spanish soldiers were that Atahualpa was both intelligent and witty.

The Trial

To increase the appearance of legitimacy, Pizarro assigned a Spanish soldier to make the case against the prisoner and another was assigned to be the Devil’s advocate. The official translator was an individual known as Felipillo, who disliked Atahualpa, and apparently took many opportunities to twist his answers against him. The small jury was comprised of Pizarro and other Spanish men that reported to him.

The account of the trial of Atahualpa can now only be reconstructed, often with reference to a Spanish military historian Oviedo who did not fail to comment on the indictment against Atahualpa in these words: that it was:

“… a badly contrived and worse written document devised by a factious and unprincipled priest (Valverde), a notary without conscience, and others of likemind, who are all concerned in this villainy.”

This peculiar trial ended in a vote as to whether or not the death sentence should be imposed before they rendered a verdict. The vote on the death penalty was unanimous following which, the accused was declared guilty on all counts, and referred immediately to be burnt alive in the public square.

When the sentence was explained to him, this proud Emperor for the first and only time broke down and pleaded for his life:

“What have I done that I should meet with such an end? And at your hands, who have met with nothing but friendship and kindness from my people, with whom I’ve shared my treasures, and who have received nothing but benefits from me.”

The next affront was a proposal made to him even while he was bound to a cross and placed in the middle of a pile of wood. The Spanish priest Valverde whispered into his ear that if he agreed to be baptized a Christian, he would avoid being burnt at the state and instead would be hung.

As Hyams and Ordish suggest, it is likely that Atahualpa could hardly believe his luck in that he would receive a less painful death if he merely uttered a series of meaningless words. By contrast, however, when the great Aztec emperor Montezuma II met with a similar last-minute offer at his execution thousands of miles to the North and some thirteen years earlier, he had declined, telling his Spanish murderers:

“I have but a few moments to live. I will not at this hour desert the faith of my fathers.”

The disrobed and humiliated Atahualpa, the last King of the Incas, and a bogus Roman Catholic at the end, met his end with great dignity pleading lastly for the safety of his family even up to the moment that a rope was placed around his neck and tightened until he died.

“With him died the … the independent existence of a noble race of men.”

Atahualpa was succeeded by his nephew Tupac Huallpa, but Huallpa was but a puppet Sapa Inca for the Spaniards and indeed, the Inca Empire never did recover from the capture, trial and execution of Atahualpa with which, also, was executed the Inca Empire.

He is not completely forgotten to history for in Quinto, the capital of Ecuador, is the Atahualpa Olympic Stadium.

Dead is Dead

Shortly after his death, a number of women bewailed at the Spaniards, begging to give their dead Emperor the proper Inca funeral rites. When the Spaniards refused, some of the women promptly killed themselves.

An amazing although not perfect civilization had come to an end as the Spaniards spread out rapidly to ravage all the gold that could be found. In 1543, a silver mine was found at Potosi that was so rich, that it subsidized the Spanish state for over a century.

When the sudden affluence of the Spanish court manifested itself to the rest of Europe, there appeared all along the coast of South America, ships bearing different European flags and all looking for the same thing and not justice, respect or assistance to an aboriginal people.

REFERENCES:

  • Hyams, Edward, and Ordish, George, The Last of the Incas (New York: Dorset Books, 1963)
  • Pratt-Chadwick, M. L., Francisco Pizarro: The Conquest of Peru (Boston: Educational Publishing Company, 1890)
  • Royal Hunt of the Sun (1970),  Cinema Center Films. Director, Irving Lerner.

…………………………………………………

කන්න දුන්න අත හම්බයෝ හප කති (3 කොටස)

July 5th, 2014

ධර්මසිරි සෙනෙවිරත්න 

මහාබෝධි සමාගමේ  මුලිකයෙකු හා දොන් කරෝලිස් සමාගමේ අධිපති හේවාවිතාරණ colombo    christal  palace  කෙදුවෙයය්  චෝදනා කර කරනලදී  මොහු නිර්දෝෂී බව මඩුවන්වෙල රටේ මහත්මයාත්  හමුදා  නිලධාරියෙකුත් දොස්තර  රත්නම් විසිනුත්  කියා තිබුනද  මොහු බෞධ  නායකයෙකි යන  කරණය සුද්දන්ට වහ කදුරු විය , සිර කර තැබූ ඔහු  යාපනේ රෝහලකදී උනසන්නිපතයෙන් මළේය  මොහොගේ නිදොස් බව පසුව දැනගත්  andderson ආණ්ඩුකාරයා  වසර දෙකකට පසුව කණගාටුව   පළකළේය . මීරිගම වතු හිමි  අමරතුංග   කැරලි මර්දනයට  නිලධාරීන්ට උදවු කල කෙනෙකි . මොහු මුස්ලිම් පල්ලියක්   කැඩිමට  උදවු ක කලේයය් කහටොවිටමුස්ලිම් මුලදැනියා  ස තවත් 8 දෙනෙක් චෝදනා කල ත්  කොරන් පොතේද  අතගසා  දිවිරු මොවුන්  බොරුකාරයන් බව  හෙළිවිය

 කොරනයේද අතගසා  බොරුවට දිවිරූ  මේ මුස්ලිමුන්ට  කිසිදු දඬුවක් දුන්නේ නැත  කලින් නිදහස් වූ අමරතුංග ට   ඔහුගේම වහලයට ආරක්ෂාව  ලබාදුන් එක හම්බයෙක්  බොරු චෝදනා කර  සාක්ෂි දුන්නේ  කෙලිගුණ නොදත් අමනයෙකු මෙනි . මොවුන්ට විරුද්ධව නඩු පැවරීමට සිංහලයන්ට ඉඩ දුන්නේ නැත. .   f . d  බණ්ඩාරනායක ගේ සිද්ධිය ඇසින් දක්කෙයයය් කියූ මුස්ලිම් වරු  ඒ අවස්ථාවේ හිටියේ  දොම්බවින්න වත්තේ  වැඩ කරමින් බව හෙළිවිය . මේ අල්ල  පනල්ලේ තවත් මුදල් ඉපයීමට සිතු  මහනුවර සාප්පුහිමි  මොහොම්මදු ඉස්මෛල් බොරු සාක්කි හදගේනීමට   n.ational  බැංකුවේ  අයකැමි  හමුවී  තමන් නෝට්ටු මාරුකර රන්පවුම් 100ක්  ලබාගත් බවට සාක්කි කියනලෙස ඉල්ලුවේය . අයකැමි එය ප්‍රතික්ෂේප

  යුධ නීතිය යටතේ සිංහලයන්ට කුඩා ඉහලාගෙන යන්න බැහැ  කියා  යුද භටයෝ  රත්නපුරේ පුන්චප්පුහමිගේ  කුඩය කෙලි වල කඩ දමනලදී  කුඩය ආපන් බිමට කියා  රත්නපුරේ ප්‍රසිද්ධ නොතාරිස් වික්රමසින්හටද  තර්ජනය කළහ  සෙරෙප්පු ද ගෙන යන්න  එපා කියා  රණපුරේ එලියෙස් සිල්වාට තර්ජනය කළහ.  සිදුවූ අලාභ වලට වන්දි ඉල්ලු  c h  ප්‍රනාන්දුට ලැබුන පිළිතුර වුයේ සිංහලයන්ට වන්දි දෙන්නේ  නැහැ යනුය්.
සුද්දෝ සිංහලය විනාශ කිරීමට දෙමල හා මුස්ලිම් යන සුළු වාර්ගිකයන් යොදා ගත්තේ උන් ආ දා  සිටමය එය අදත් සිදුවෙමින්පවති . ඉතිහාසය ප්‍රතිරාවය වෙය් . තමන්ට ඇති එකම රට  දෙමල ඊළාමයක් හෝ  ඉස්ලාම් රටක් වීමට අපි ඉඩ දෙමුද ?

දැන්  මේ මරක්කල යෝ  භික්ෂුන් ද  සල්ලිවල ගන්න හදන බව   වටරැක  භාමුදුරු නාටකයෙන් පෙනීගොස් ඇත එන පොට දැන්නම් හොඳ නැත අපේ සමහර  උගතුන්ට හොඳ නැත්තේ බෞධයො අනුන්ට හිරිහැර කිරීම පමණි  ය දහමට හොඳ නැතිලු . උන් අපට ගහනකොට එය හිරිහැරයක් නොවේ  බුදු දහමේ න්‍යායයක් අල්ලාගෙන  මේ පරයෝ දඟලන්නේ සිහල බෞධයො  නැතිකිරිමටය් . හින්සාව  නරක බව අපි දන්නෙමු  . එය කියා දීමට තොපවැනි  පගරනෙට්ටෝ  අවශ්ෂ්‍ය       නැත  අපට වෙච්ච දේ  මෙසේ යය බොහෝදෙනෙක් දන්නේ නැත  අද තරුණයෝ නම්  දන්නෙම නැත. 
 ඉතිහාසය පාසලෙන් අයින් කලේ   baduddin  ඇමතියාය . දැන් හකීම් නානා  දන්නා තරම් වෙට්ටු දානවා  සිංහලයට විරුද්ධව  එත් අපේ උන් මුන්ව රෙද්ද අස්සේදා  ගෙන ඉන්නවා  අස නිදිගැට හැර බලව් සිහලුනි                  

NOSTALGIA When Ceylon ruled the airwaves

July 4th, 2014

V.S. SAMBANDAN Courtesy: The Hindu

Once the pride of the region, Radio Ceylon is today a fading memory. Can the Sri Lankan Broadcasting Corporation regain its lost glory?

Magnetic voice: A file picture of Jimmy Bharucha broadcasting.

 IT is Christmas time and Jim Reeves is on air, taking Sri Lanka back to its days of romance and charm. “You are listening to Sri Lanka Broadcasting Corporation and we’ve got more Christmas music going out for you. Hope you are tuned in to us,” trills the friendly announcer. Another glorious old number “When A Child Is Born” floats across the skies. Requests pour in from all over the country and the programme continues to enthral those tuned in.

When Sri Lanka Broadcasting Corporation (as Radio Ceylon is now called) celebrated its 80th birthday on December 16, it was, sadly, a pale shadow of its past. Once the pride of the region’s airwaves, it is today relegated to fading memories and confined to chapters of an era of broadcasting élan.

High quality

 For Indian radio enthusiasts of decades gone by, it was Radio Ceylon that set the standards. Those were days before commercial broadcasts commenced in India and taking a break from the monotonous, though informative, broadcasts of All India Radio (AIR) meant twirling those vintage radios to trap Radio Ceylon’s programmes. Once tuned in, the listener was treated not just to music of the highest quality. The magnetic voices of broadcasters, Jimmy Barucha (English), Ameen Sayani (Hindi) and Mayilvaganam (Tamil), to mention just three, ensnared the listeners, taking Radio Ceylon to the top slot in the region’s radio network.

The history of broadcasting, published in Wikipedia, notes that gramophone music was broadcast from a tiny room in Colombo’s Central Telegraph Office with the aid of a transmitted built by Telegraph Department engineers from the radio equipment from a captured German submarine.

The beginnings

 This metamorphosed into South Asia’s first radio broadcasting station, which was inaugurated on December 16, 1925. The real catalyst was to come later, with the shifting of Radio SEAC (South East Asia Command) to Ceylon in 1949. Radio SEAC, was established during World War II for the British servicemen. Radio Ceylon, as it was called from 1949 became a public broadcasting corporation in 1967. Ceylon Broadcasting Corporation became Sri Lanka Broadcasting Corporation in 1972 when the island-nation changed its name.

“Sri Lanka was fortunate that Radio SEAC was established to entertain and inform the troops,” recalls Eric Fernando, former Director General, SLBC. “Geographically Sri Lanka was the ideal location because the (transmission) reach could be all over the region, and at the end of the War, we inherited it.”

Radio Ceylon, through its music programmes, carved a niche for itself among the region’s broadcasters. Its base of Indian listeners was huge between the 1950s and the 1970s. “We were popular in India because we had a steady supply of English music,” Fernando, who started his career as a broadcaster at SLBC in the mid 1970s said.

For Indians of the radio generation, Radio Ceylon was the first introduction to paradise-island and to the world of music. “I first heard The Beatles over Radio Ceylon. We grew up listening to songs over Radio Ceylon. It was part of my growing up,” remembers Nirupama Rao, the Indian High Commissioner to Sri Lanka.

In addition to its well-structured English music programmes, Sayani’s “Binaca Geetmala”, revolutionised radio presentation. Having elevated broadcasting to a fine art in the region, Sayani remains etched in the minds of many. Mayilvaganam’s silken voice, with his singsong Jaffna Tamil diction, captivated the ears of Indian listeners. Between them Barucha, Sayani and Mayilvaganam opened up the listeners’ sensitivities to the finer elements that transcended mundane facts.

However, there has been a dip in the number of Indian listeners over the years. With Vividh Bharathi — AIR’s commercial services section — Radio Ceylon’s hold was diluted. The cassette revolution, which made music more affordable, the advent of TV, private radio stations and FM broadcasts were other developments. Slowly, but certainly, Radio Ceylon was pushed to the pages of history.

Along the corridors of the SLBC’s headquarters, this history remains frozen. Elegant old studios retain their stately charm, complete with original BBC microphones. Groups of musicians and radio-drama artistes continue to use the studios to churn out programmes. However, somewhere, something is missing.

Simply put, SLBC lagged behind the times.

SLBC should leverage its past and harness itself to the current developments in radio broadcasting. SLBC’s most unique attribute is its archives — home to more than 1,00,000 original records, comprising Sinhalese, Tamil, English and Hindi music. Sunil Shantha Perera, the new Chairman of SLBC plans to digitise the collection and share them with the National Archives. In addition, the originals with the National Archives are to be shared with SLBC. This digitally reformatted music, Fernando points out, could form the basis for a unique programme that will capture the past and lure audiences back.

Future plans

 Plans are also on to offer more programmes on the Internet. Presently the Sinhala and Tamil National services and City FM are available on the Internet (www.slbc.lk) . An improved English content is also on the cards. The SLBC has collaborated with the BBC to share its programmes for six hours every day. Now a new English channel is being planned. “A national radio must have a national English channel,” emphasises Perera.

The abolition of licenses for radio sets in the late 1990s had also punctured its revenues. However, deals with the internationally reputed radio stations such as NHK of Japan and DW of Germany have helped bolster its finances.

SLBC officials are emphatic that “radio is still popular”, and point to the increasing “car-radio segment”. However, for SLBC to regain its lost slot as the premier broadcaster, the most critical element is fresh thinking, coupled with leveraging its inherent strengths of the past. For, its success will depend on increasing the number of listeners who willingly tune in to that catchy line: “you are listening to Sri Lanka Broadcasting Corporation”.

Also see: (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_broadcasting#Sri_Lanka)

http://hindu.com/thehindu/mag/2006/01/01/stories/2006010100150400.htm

 

 

 

කන්න දුන්න අත හම්බයෝ හපා කති (1 කොටස )

July 4th, 2014

ධර්මසිරි සෙනෙවිරත්න 

ආක්‍රමණික   පරංගි  ආදින්ට   බය වී  පන එපා කියා   පැන  යන  මුස්ලිම් වරු  කෙරෙහි අනුකම්පාවෙන්     ඔවුන්ට ආරක්ෂාව  දී  සිංහල පළාත්වල  උන් පදිංචි කලේ සෙනරත්  රජතුමාය  රජ වීමට පෙර භික්ෂුවක්  වූ  එතුමා හිතුවේ  නිර්මල බුදුදහමට අනුව මිස  සිංහල බෞධයෙක්  ලෙස නොවේ  . සිංහල  බෞධ යා   නම්     තවමත්  පාරමී    නැති    එහෙත්      උසස් ජීවනක්‍රමයක්  සඳහා  සංස්කෘතියක් ගොඩනගා ගත්     පුද්ගලයාය . ඔහු දිවිහිමියෙන්  එකී  සංස්කෘතිය රැකගතයුතුය   දුටුගැමුණු හා කීර්ති කුමාරයා  ආදීන්  කලේ  එය  රැක  ගැනීමට  යුධ  කිරීමය්  .  අපි බේරුනේ ඒ නිසය් .

නිර්මල දර්ශනයත්   සිංහල බෞධ  සංස්කෘතියත්  යන දෙකම අපට  ඇවසිය් .95% ක් ම ඉන්නේ  පාරමී නැති අයය් . ඔවුන් නියම  මගට එන   තුරු වත් අවැසිය් .
 
1915 දී සිංහල  ජාතියට    විරුද්ධව සටන් කලේ එහෙව්  කෙලෙහි ගුණ නොදන්නා  හම්බයෝය .1911  denham  වාර්තාවටඅනුව සිංහලයෝ  2,715,420 කි  දෙමල 5233024  හා මුස්ලිම් 266 625 කි .  මේ  හම්බයෝ  සිංහලයන්ට මුදල් නයට  දී හම්බ කළහ  . Denham  වර්තාවේත්  මොවුන්  යුදෙව්වන්  මෙන් අප්‍රිය ජනක  හැගීම්  ඇතිකළ   අය  බව  සඳහන්ය . 1911  කෘෂිකර්ම බැංකු  කමිටුව  හමුවේ දුන් සාක්ෂියකින්  හෙළිවුණේ  එදා රුපියල් 1.50 වටින වී  බුසලකට හිලවු  කල ඉඩමක්  ආපසු  ගැනීමේදී  මේ ගිනිපොලි  කාරයාට  රු . 2000.00 ගෙවීමට  සිංහලයෙකුට  සිදුවූ බවය් . යුදෙව්වන් තුල නොවූ අශිලාචාර ගති ඇති මේ හම්බයෝ අසරණ සිංහල තරුණියන් රවට දුෂණය කළහ  ඉස්ලාම් ආගමට හරවා හරවා අනියම් බිරියන් හැටියට   ගත්හ.  අදත් එය සිදු වේ .

වසර දහස් ගණනක් තිස්සේ  බොදුනුවෝ  පෙරහැර කළහ .උඩරට ගිවිසුමෙන්ද මේ අය්තිය  තහවුරු වී ඇත  එහෙත් මේ හම්බයෝ  ගම්පොල පෙරහෙරට බාධා කළහ   මෙහි තිබු  ක්‍රිස්තියානි හා මුස්ලිම් පල්ලි හැදුවේ සිංහල රජුන්ගේ අනුකම්පාවෙනි  හම්බයෝ හිතාමතාම පෙරහැර යන මාර්ගයේම   පල්ලිය ක්  හැදුහ  මේ පාරේ වසර 800 කටත් වැඩි කාලය ක්  පෙරහැර පවත්වා තිබුණි . පල්ලිය අසලින්  තුර්ර්ය වාදන නොකළ  යුතුයය් උන් ඉල්ලා සිටියහ . සුදු පාලක යෝ  ගත්තේ මුස්ලිම් පැත්තය . සුදු දිසාපති  කලේ  පල්ලිය පිහිටි අඹගමුව  මාර්ගයේ පෙරහැර යාමත්  තහනම් කිරීමය. මේ නිසා  1912 දී පෙර කිරීම නැවැත්වූ සිංහලයෝ නඩු මගට බටහ . උඩරට ගිවිසුම ට අනුව දිස්ත්‍රික් උසාවි තීරණය සිංහලයන්ට පක්ෂව විය.ශ්‍රේෂ්ටධිකරණ  තීරණය මුස්ලිම්වරුන්ට පක්ෂව විය.. සිංහලයයෝ   privi  council  එකට අභියාචනා කළහ .ඊට පෙර  අලුත් ආණ්ඩුකාරය පැමිණ  තහනම ඉවත් කරන ලදී .

1915 වනවිට සිංහල අය්තිවාසිකම්  වලට දරුනුලෙස පහර වැදෙන්නට  විය  .කුරුනෙගල දිස්ත්‍රික් උසාවියේ නඩු අංක  3649 න්  පැහැදිලිවූ පරිදි මුස්ලිම්වරු  ඉතා දුෂ්ටලෙස  බෞධ  පෙරහැරකට  පහර දී ඇත  පොලිසිය  තත්වය නරක අතට හැරවූ බව වූඩ්  හඋස්  විනිසුරුද ප්‍රකාශ කළේය  රජයේ සේවක පෙරුමාල්  විසින්   වසංගත රෝග වෙනුවෙන් පැවැත්වූ  පෙරහැරකටද  මුස්ලිම්වරු පහර දුන්නත් පොලිසිය පරීක්ෂණ පවත් වුයේ නැත  .වසර 13ක්  තිස්සේ නොකඩවා  පවත්වාගන ආ   මනුවර බත් දන්සලට  මඩුවක් තැනීමටවත්  සුද්දෝ අවසර දුන්නේ නැත ඊට හේතු වශයෙන්  පෙන්නුවේ දන්සල ළඟ ඇති මුස්ලිම් කඩයේ අදායම අඩුවිය   හැකි බවය්  අලාභයක් වේ නම් එය ගෙවීමට පොරොන්දු වූ පසු  රු  50.00 ඇපයක් පිට බලපත්‍ර ය ලබගේනීමට සිංහලයන්ට සිදුවිය .

1915 වෙසක් බැති ගී පෙරහරද මුස්ලිමුන් විසින් කඩාකප්පල් කිරීම නිසා  කලබල ඇතිවිය . මුස්ලිම්වරු දළදා මාලිගාවට පහරදෙන බව අරන්චිවී සිංහලයෝ  රැස්වුවිට මය 29 දින රාත්‍රී මුස්ලිම්කඩයක  සිට පාරේ ගිය සිංහලයෙකුට වෙඩි තබන ලදී  සාහසිකය කවුද කියා දන දැනත්  
 පොලිසිය කිසිවක් කලේ නැත්තේ  මුස්ලිමුන්ට සහයෝගයටය  මිනිය ආදාහනය කිරීමටවත් පොලිසි අවසර නොලැබුනේය. එනිසා සිංහලයන් සන්සුන්කිරිම සඳහාවත්  ඔවුන් අමතන මෙන් සිංහලයෝ කල ඉල්ලීමටවත්  සුදු දිසාපති අහුම්කන්දුන්නේ නැත..පරීක්ෂණයක් කරන මෙන් පොලිස් ප්තිගෙන් කල ඉල්ලීමද ප්‍රතික්ෂේපවිය . මේ අතර තවත් සිංහල ලිපිකරුවෙකුට පිහියෙන් අනින ලදී .1915 පැනවූ යුද්ධ  නීතිය  තුන්මසක් ක්‍රියාත්මක විය.. ගෙයින් හා ගමෙන් බැහැර වන අ ය දුටුතැන වෙඩි තබා මර දමන ලදී   කොලහවලින් මියගිය ගණන 36ක් නමුත්  හමුදාවලින් මාරු ගණන 66කි  නදුපවරු 8428න්  4855ක්  වරදකරුවන් කරනලදී. 358ක්  යුධධිකරණයෙන් වරදකරුවන් කරනලදී  සමහරු සොල්දාදුවන්ට අල්ලස් දී නිදහස් වුහ අල්ලස් සඳහා මුදල් සෙවීමට ඉඩම් හම්බයන්ට විකිනීමට සිංහලයන්ට සිදුවිය

සිංහලයෝ මුස්ලිම්  සතුරන්     ගැන තේරුම් නොගත්තත්  මීට පෙර  කතෝලික සංවිධානය මනසේ සංවිධානයවී මුස්ලිම් කඩ වර්ජනය කර සියලු සබඳතා  නැවත්වුහ  එනිසා මීගමුව වෙනි පළාත්වලින් මුස්ලිම්වරු ඉවත්වුහ .. අද අපිට මෙය හොඳ පාඩමක් මුස්ලිම්වරු පමණක් මුලාදනියෙකුගේ  විශේෂ ආරක්ෂාවට පත්කරනලදී  සිංහලයන්ට හමුදාවෙන් මදි පුංචි කම් කරනලදී. මහනුවර නගර සභික වීරසූරිය  කෙරලි මර්දනයට රජයට උපකාර කල අයෙක් වුවත්  ඔහුගේ ඉඩමේ   කම්කරුවන් ගම්වලටයවීමටවත් පොලිසිය අවසරදුන්නේ නැත. අකීකරුවුවහොත්  ඔහුව යුධ්ධාදිකරණයට  ගෙනයන බවට  තර්ජනයකරනලදී  ඒ  ලිපියද එව්වේ  කැරලි ඉවරවී දින 20 කට පසුවය  1915 මැය්  22 මුස්ලිමුන්ගෙන් පහරකනලද අන්ධ සිංහලයාගේ  නද්වේදී නඩුකාරය ගත්තේ  යු රෝපීයයාගේ  පැත්තය . රත්නපුර හීන්ගශින්නේ අවුරුදු 50 ක  සුබරට් එතනා කුඹුරේදීම හමුදාවෙන් මැරුවිට  දිසාපති    දුන් වන්දියනම් රු  300.00බැංකු ගිණුමකට දමීමය්.

මුස්ලිමුන්ට අවශ්ෂ්‍ය සිංහලයෝ හිරභාරයට ගන්න ලදී . පානදුරේ arthur  dias  මෙසේ හිරෙටගෙන ජීවිතාන්තය දක්වා  සිරදඩුවම් නියම කරන ලද්දේ  පොලිස් මහේස්ත්‍රාත් වරයා  විසින්  දිඅස්  නිර්දෝෂී බව  කියා තිබියදෙත්ය. . පසුව ඔහු නිදහස් කරන ලද්දේ  විප්ලවයකට බියවූ නිසාය. ඔහුගෙන් පවුම් 5000ක්  අයකර ගන්නාලදී. බොරලුගොඩ රාළහාමි නිදහස් කලේ සාක්ෂි ඔප්පු කරගන්ට බැරිවූ නිසාය. .
(මතුසම්බන්ධය් )—
(මතු  සම්බන්ධය් )  

WESTERN SHYLOCKS want the kilogram of flesh

July 4th, 2014

Nalin de Silva

The West consists of the most vindictive of the states that have ruled the earth over several millennia. There are some educated, meaning of course Western educated who cannot get out of the system, in spite of some of them being Buddhists quoting Kalama Sutta ad nauseam, who would call me anti-western. I am not anti-western as such, but I am against the Western hegemony that controls our lives sometimes very aggressively and at other times in a subtle way.

shylock0

These educated people would quote from Western authors to justify their views, throwing their Kalama Sutta out of the window, though these views themselves have been instilled into them through education, both formal and informal. However, these educated Buddhists adhere to the Kalama Sutta of Budunvahanse as they follow their Vinnus or knowledgeable persons in the West from Aristotle to Zeno.

It is clear that until the next Presidential elections the West is going to apply tremendous pressure on the government and would attempt to make their agent Ranil Wickremesinghe the President of the country. Of course there will be talk of Chandrika Kumaratunga and the elusive common candidate, but Ranil Wickremesinghe appears to be the choice of the West at present.

Ven. Sobhitha Thera, if at all would be thrown into the field not as the so called common candidate but as a splitter of the Sinhala Buddhist vote. Ven. Thera is supposed to be a single issue candidate but unfortunately even if he becomes the President he would not be able to abolish executive presidency on his own as the abolition of the executive presidency is not the job of the executive but of the legislative.

The single issue candidate without a party base cannot serve the masses on his pet issue as it is unlikely that he would have a Parliament with the required two thirds majority.

shylockShylock from the Merchant of Venice

Those who want the Thera to contest as the single issue common candidate know very well that he cannot deliver the goods, and he would be the person to split the Sinhala Buddhist vote so that Ranil Wickremesinghe could become the President of the country with the non Sinhala vote. However, Arithmetic is not as simple as the west thinks, and they would have to try other means as well to oust the President and then take him to the so called international courts.

Western diplomats

If the present government did not defeat the LTTE, there would not have been any issue over “ethnic” and religious violence in the country, and the Sinhalas, especially the Sinhala Buddhists would not have been called Barbarians by some Western diplomats residing in the country.

It is reported that three Western “experts” have called the Sri Lankan government to adopt measures to curb “the promotion of racial and faith-based hatred and bring perpetrators of religious and communal violence to justice, following just two weeks since the violence that erupted in Southern Sri Lanka.” Who are the perpetrators of religious and communal violence in the country?

It is clear that the West implies by these statements that the Sinhala Buddhists are responsible for religious and communal violence and by implication the government is behind the so called Sinhala Buddhist organisations.

However, except for the Jathika Hela Urumaya which is a registered political party and Bodu Bala Sena, which is not a political party, very little is heard of any other organisation carrying the names of Sinhala, Hela or Bodu engaged in what can be called political agitation. Organisations such as YMBA that has been established following YMCA, and Buddhist Congress do not come under this category, unless one is prepared to include YMCA, YMMA and even the Catholic Bishops as organisations involved in political agitation.

In this regard one cannot ignore the appeal by the Catholic Bishops to the Catholics at the recent Provincial Council Elections, to vote only for the Catholic candidates.

Did not the American, English and other Western diplomats residing in the country read this statement? Was that statement by the Catholic Bishops for religious harmony? Would the three experts tell us the Barbarians (I spell Barbarian with a capital B in English in order to emphasise that most Barbarians are English speaking of course not as a second or third language) whether we should request the Mahanayake Theras to issue similar statements for ethnic harmony?

What would happen if the Mahanayake Theras or even Bodu Bala Sena request the Buddhists to vote only for the Buddhist candidates at the next general elections, and the Buddhists abide by that?

 Political parties

Poor Fowzie and many others would lose at the elections and the government will have to appoint them through the national list. Forget the Catholic Bishops, one finds many registered political parties carrying names to indicate that they represent the Muslims or Tamils in the country. Are these parties geared for so called national building? Would the experts and the diplomats tell us? The Minister Hakeem is on record speaking for his people meaning of course not the Sinhala Buddhists. Recently the honourable gentlemen Wigneshwaran the Chief Minister of the Northern Province had asked the Muslims and the Tamils to unite against the Sinhala to “achieve independence”, forgetting that Ponnambalam Ramanathan said that the Muslims were ethnically Tamils, and hence that the Muslims were not entitled for separate representation in the Legislative Assembly, that the Muslims were asked to get out of Jaffna within twenty four hours, and the Muslims ran for safety to the Sinhalas, that the Muslims were massacred inside a mosque in Kattankudy by the Tamil terrorists.

 The Muslims have in “gratitude” to the Sinhalas have reacted against the Sinhala culture after the defeat of the LTTE by writing name boards in Arabic and planting date palms in Kattankudy to make Kattankudy a little Arab. Why not some experts suggest having at least a few name boards in England in Arabic for ethnic harmony in the “mother” country?

Communal and religious violence

In the West the Westerners are worried of Muslim aggression, but in Sri Lanka they promote such aggression against the Sinhala people, especially against the Sinhala Buddhists, and tries to blame the Sinhala Buddhists for all the communal and religious violence. The West also attempts to implicate the President and the Defence Secretary with so called Sinhala Buddhist extremists and tarnish their images. It is clear that more than anybody else the West is preparing for Presidential Elections and General Elections in Sri Lanka with the sole aim of making Ranil Wickremesinghe their agent as the next President and reverse all the gains against Tamil terrorism and Tamil racism that goes back to the Legislative council days in the early eighteenth century. It is the English who nurtured Tamil racism, after the Dutch initiated it.

Tremendous pressure is brought on the government by the West to act against the Sinhala Buddhists thus alienating them. The power base of the government is the Sinhala people, especially the Sinhala Buddhists and the government should not alienate them.

It is clear that the West is also attempting a Buddhist Spring against the government using disgruntled Sinhala Buddhists. The fact that there are Muslim enclaves in Sri Lanka is something that even the Western ambassadors roaming the country would have observed and in these enclaves it is a known fact that the Muslims take law into their hands. Aluthgama incidents are not isolated and stem from the existence of Muslim enclaves in the country. The government that was forced not to allow the background to the incidents to come to the forefront, thus giving the advantage to Hakeem is now being pushed further by the Western governments, diplomats and the experts.

 The Shylocks want their pound of flesh or the kilogram of flesh of Rajapaksas, in the metric world of the French not known to Shakespeare, and the government should be firm in its dealings with the Western countries as in the days of humanitarian operations.

Are we giving into Foreign Conspirators?

July 3rd, 2014

S. Akurugoda

According to a shocking news item appeared in the front page of The Island dated 27th June 2014, under the heading ‘Ahead of Presidential polls: Government troubled by US-funded project’, US was planning to fund those who have been opposed to SLFP-led coalition, through local NGOs to implement a project called ‘Election Support through Voter Education’ programme, in accordance with an overall plan to undermine the government.

Manipulation of public opinion by making use of the media and the lobbyist NGOs, who were none other than paid agents of the spy agencies, is the usual method adopted by these superpowers to create disharmony and distrust, ill-will among communities and thereby loss of faith on the country’s rulers, leading to ‘regime change’.

Foreign interference and conspiracies are not new to us. It has been there throughout the history.

The foreigners exploited the eager to power of our leaders and resulted disunity among the population to achieve their ulterior motives. Portuguese skillfully exploited the rift between the kings Bhuvanekabahu, the ruler of Kotte, against his own brother, Mayadunne. As a result, both the King Bhuwanekabahu and his son Dharmapala became puppets of Portuguese. The Foreign power, not only made his son a puppet, but converted him to Roman Catholicism.

The fate of the Kandyan kingdom was another case of point. The rift between the King Sri Vikrama Rajasingha and his chiefs were exploited by British imperialists to capture the entire country. In a proclamation dated 10th January 1815, The British Governor Robert Brownrigg announced that the war was being undertaken ‘on behalf of the oppressed Kandyan people who were to be protected from the depredations of their ruler’. Thus it is the same tactics that these westerners are making throughout the world, even today, under the guise of ’human rights’ to keep the world under their control.

The exploitation of weaknesses of personalities, such as a burning desire for revenge or voracious hunger for power, is the strategy adopted by spy agencies throughout the world including those who are interested in destabilizing Sri Lanka. Although their strategies may be different, the ultimate goal of the spy network of the west and that of the region are the same – creating widespread unrest to ensure that we remain a poor nation forever, thus paving the way to interfere in the internal affairs of our country in the guise of helping and providing so-called ‘solutions’ for our problems. Unfortunately, their task of exploitation appears to be somewhat easier due the local support extended by some of the most undisciplined treacherous politicians who run to them seeking intervention for almost every domestic political issue without exceptions.

It is now a well known fact that the West, especially the British who were the ‘creator’ of the so-called Tamil issue due to their divide and rule policy favoring one over the other, were totally unhappy over the elimination of terrorism of the LTTE from our soil and is determined to have a ‘regime change’ by hook or crook and to install a puppet regime as they do in the rest of the world.

The latest strategies appear to be of two folds.

One strategy they are using is the so-called ‘Panel’ appointed as a result of the US-UK backed resolution at the UNHRC session in Geneva in March, based on Navi Pillay’s recommendation for an external probe into so-called serious violations and abuses of human rights during the last phase of the war against terrorism in Sri Lanka. As usual, the West led by US and UK are claiming that the ‘whole purpose of the process is to promote the accountability and the reconciliation’ in Sri Lanka.

According to media reports (Divaina dated 29th June 2014), various parties and individuals who were either ardent supporters or sympathizers of the LTTE residing in and outside the country including NGOs and INGOs are expected to participate and provide evidence in support of the accusations against the Government of Sri Lanka during the coming months. The panel is reported to be visiting eight cities including Geneva to gather evidences. As per these reports, 31 personalities including two former officers of the security forces are being made available to provide such evidences. It was reported that the government is considering taking legal proceedings against those who appear before the panel under the Prevention of Terrorism Act and the Official Secrets Act. When we consider the treacherous acts of various people throughout the history and even during the most recent war against terrorism, the above media reports are not surprising at all.

Although the government has already expressed its complete disapproval against the investigation into allegations, it is not yet known whether the government will allow the Panel to visit Sri Lanka.

As usual, the western diplomatic missions in Colombo will try their best, through its stooges within or outside the government, to pave the way for the Panel to visit the country. The missions will play a enormous role in promoting the submissions to the Panel in either way, supporting or against the allegations, in order to show a level of impartiality to the world while knowing very well that their pre-determined conclusions are unaffected by such moves. Under such a situation, despite the fact that the lawmakers have passed a motion against the investigation into allegations, there is a possibility that some individuals and groups may appear before the Panel or make submissions against the allegations, misbelieving that the Panel could be educated with the other side of the story, expecting some relief. Hence the government should give a clear direction to his law-abiding citizens with regard such actions, as a matter of priority, to avoid irreversible repercussions.

Just over five years ago, we were able to show the entire world, how powerful our unity and strength was. Firstly, the decision to end terrorism was taken firmly by the peace loving, right minded patriotic people of this land at the presidential election held in 2005 by defeating the ‘puppet of the west’ and electing the right leadership to achieve the target. Secondly, the President elected made the right decision by appointing the right people to the right places prior to the operations against terrorism. Thirdly, the President and his team commenced the operations at the right time while achieving political stability and removing obstacles to such operations at national and international levels.

The country and its people made the right decision again in the year 2010 by not falling into the trap set by the very same conspirators, setting one war hero against the other.

The second strategy of these conspirators is to create distrust among the majority Sinhala voters who were instrumental in defeating the evil conspirators in the past, by creating chaos within the country by making use of the world’s well known extremists groups, prior to the next Presidential election and to ensure their long awaited dream come true by installing the ‘puppet of the west’ which they failed to do in the year 2005.

What is happening today reminds us what we learnt when we were 2nd or 3rd year students – the story of a bird hunter (watu vadda) who managed to exploit conflicts among the birds. As long as the birds were together and united, the hunter could not catch a single bird, because the birds had the strength to flyaway with the net laid by the hunter. But the hunter easily caught all the birds at once, when the birds were quarrelling over petty things.

The coming months will be very crucial as the enemies of our nation and their paid agents will work overtime and will spend millions of dollars to set one against the other and to trap all at any cost. Unless we are fully aware of what is going on and act wisely to defeat the sinister motives of those enemies, the much awaited peace, stability and progress of our country will be at stake.

 

TIME TO EMPOWER AND REINFORCE BUDDHIST PRINCIPLES THAT CHARACTERIZE OUR NATIONAL CULTURE

July 3rd, 2014

Dr. Daya Hewapathirane

Sri Lanka as a nation is founded on Buddhist norms and principles. What the country clearly projects is its Buddhist imprint. The uniqueness of its cultural heritage is directly attributable to its Buddhist foundation. The impact of Buddhism is reflected both directly and indirectly, in the tangible and intangible aspects of the nation’s culture. The values that guide people’s life, are clearly reflective of the impact of Buddhism.  Buddhist principles have shaped people’s lifestyle of where non-violence, tolerance, compassion and peaceful coexistence with others and with nature, are ingrained characteristics. Since the arrival of Buddhism in the country in the 3rd century BCE, during a long historic period of more than 2200 years, the outstanding accomplishments of her people in many areas of life, are largely attributable to Buddhist principles that guided their lives.  It was Buddhism that inspired the people of this nation to develop wholesome qualities and skills enabling them to evolve a culture where peace, tolerance, compassion, generosity, creativity, wisdom, creativity and spirituality are the cornerstones.

Wholesome Buddhist values and norms that form the basis of the uniquely indigenous Hela Buddhist culture were reinforced during the glorious classical period of our country’s history. This period includes the greater part of the more than 2200 years of Buddhist cultural history of this country, between 3rd century BCE to 13th century CE, when  Anuradhapura and Polonnaruwa were the royal capitals.  This was a time when the population of the country was exclusively Buddhist and the country was ruled by Buddhist royalty. It was the Buddhist Sangha community that provided education – both secular and spiritual, and was the primary source of inspiration and assistance in the evolution of varied aspects of the nation’s culture.  The strength of this cultural foundation was tested several times in the past, especially during periods of foreign invasion and associated devastation and exploitation. There were 17 ruthless South-Indian Dravidian invasions and from 16th to about the mid 20th century European colonial powers used violent means to subjugate and exploit our country in order to serve their self interests. They caused untold misery to the indigenous Buddhist community. But the nation stayed intact, withstanding threats, perils and calamities. This was largely owing to the power and potency of the nation’s Buddhist cultural foundation.

 

The nature of development of the country’s natural, human and cultural resources of the past is reflective of our long-held traditional Buddhist principles of peaceful coexistence and integrity, particularly on the part of those who assumed leadership roles in the country. Promotion of virtuous and spiritual lifestyles among people was a fundamental goal of the nation, and Buddhist leaders of the past including Maha Sangha were in the forefront in furthering this goal.

The nation’s irrigation system developed in the past, with an extensive network of reservoirs and canals are considered in modern times as marvels in irrigation technology. In addition, the nation’s astonishing ancient architecture, sculpture, art, literature and other forms of visual culture including the Sinhala language and literature displayed magnificently across the country, are living evidence of this nation’s exceptional cultural heritage. They are reflective of the outstanding imaginative and creative powers of the people including their talents, skills, and foresight. The world recognition of the greatness of this unique Buddhist culture is reflected by the UNESCO designating our ancient royal sites as World Heritage Sites – Anuradhapura, Polonnaruwa, Mahanuwara (Kandy), Sigiriya and Dambulla, all built upon and strongly reflecting inspiration drawn from Buddhism. It is a fact that, if there is anything unequivocally worthwhile that Sri Lanka or Heladiva or Sinhalay was it was known in early days, can offer to the world today, it is the Buddha Dhamma and its outstanding culture, including its people’s attitude towards life and their natural habitat.

TOLERANCE, OPENNESS AND PERSUASIVE POWER

Buddhism is not a religion with a dogmatic canon. Buddhism functions not through crusades, but through tolerance, openness and the persuasive power of its philosophical foundation. Its insights into time and space have found a good measure of corroboration in modern science. Truth and reality have been questioned under Buddhism in ways that Western philosophy has only approached recently under the influence of paradigm changes in the natural sciences. Buddhism arose out of the profound psychological and ethical experience of an exceptional human being concerned about the fate of humanity, someone who intently and successfully pursued a spiritual quest.

The Buddha’s teachings include a theory of knowledge, an ethical system and a system of law and inter-personal and inter-community relations. The political philosophy of Buddhism is universal in that it directly concerns with the totality of human life. Not only does it deal with the social and economic aspects of life but also deals with man’s spiritual and ethical aspects too. According to Buddhist political thought the state or the ruler is expected to establish a just and selfless social order in which every individual of a country is happy and contended. The Buddha’s ideas were primarily based on the Noble Eightfold path and he advocated that all human problems could be easily avoided by following this eight fold path, namely Right Understanding, Right Thought, Right Speech, Right Action, Right Livelihood, Right Effort, Right Mindfulness and Right Concentration. The political thoughts of the Buddha revolutionized the political scene in our nation.  The Buddha went into the root cause of unhappiness, unrest and inequality of the human society and pointed out the weaknesses in the traditional and orthodox ways of ruling the society and controlling individuals. The Buddhist monarchial organization in the form of the Maha Sangha was an innovation of the Buddha and even a slave or an individual of mean birth was taken into the order of Bhikkus and he was honourably treated. This shows the special place Buddha gave to the equality of human beings. A very important social and political principle amply supported by the Buddha is the biological unity and equality of mankind.

 BUDDHIST POLITICAL THOUGHT

Two important political principles introduced by the Buddha were the elective principle of government and the acceptance of the peoples’ sovereignty. He introduced the voting procedures at the election of leaders such as in the Sangha and showed the importance of the freedom of expression to create public opinion in issues of public importance. He also showed that there is a close link between politics and the economy of a country. On various occasions the Buddha showed that economic welfare is all important for social stability, peace and good governance. The ultimate aim of the Buddha’s political theory was the creation of a selfless society. There is no doubt that if any country could follow at least some of these political ideologies enunciated in the teachings of the Buddha, such a country would be peaceful, free of wars, free of petty divisions and destructive evil thoughts and actions.

LIVING IN HARMONY WITH NATURE

The Buddhist approach is to live in harmony with nature more than subduing it, conquering it, and exploiting it.  Buddhism emphasizes compassion for all living beings.  This Buddhist attitude to nature is enumerated in several of the Buddha’s discourses, such as the “Cakkavatti Sihanada Sutta”, “Samyutta Nikaya”, “Vinaya Pitaka”, ” Dhammapada”, and Theri Gatha”.  The type of economic system, which the Buddha proposed, was one where the individual’s needs would be provided but there would be no overemphasis on the purely material aspects of life. One’s material needs, would be essentially what one need to make one live happily and for one’s physical sustenance.

Buddhism advocates the judicious use of resources, the elimination of waste, and the most productive use of resources. In the suttas mentioned above, the Buddha’s advice to laypersons was to develop both their material and spiritual welfare by fruitful use of nature’s resources. Cooperative spirit among people, a simple way of life based on a simple technology, a non-violent and gentle attitude towards nature, and all living beings are essential components of the Buddhist approach to development. Such a form of global development is bound to dismantle and eliminate those conditions, which have nurtured and perpetuated the global problems and related human dilemma of contemporary times.

Tolerance and the enormous adaptability of Buddhism are qualities that have remained unchanged throughout its remarkable history in many countries. With a  down to earth philosophy of man in harmonious and cordial relationship to man, at a very visible and conceivable level,  Buddhists have never stood up against any single man or groups of men in the name of Buddhism, either to defend or propagate the religion. That is quite a record for a faith with a history of more than two and a half millennia. That was very much before the time of the appearance of most of today’s great world religions.

Buddhism upholds everything worthy and meaningful. It promotes peace, peaceful coexistence, and democratic principles in governance. It promotes human rights, development of individual and community virtues and discipline in accordance with the pancha seela”. Respect for the natural environment and sustainable and participatory development of resources and upheld in Buddhism. In addition, Buddhism strongly promotes tolerance of other faiths, religious and social harmony, and cordial relations with other nations. Buddhist culture led to the evolution of a peaceful community structure. This provided order and stability to the respective communities in the country. Lifestyle of people in a Buddhist society has been simple and uncomplicated.  It was a quality of life that moved at a gentle pace where people enjoyed a high degree of leisure and freedom. As part of a close-knit community, people felt secure enough to be themselves. In this sense, they enjoyed a remarkably high quality of life.

Buddhist principles were reflected in people’s attitude towards each other, other communities, other living beings and their habitat – the environment.  People’s livelihood and institutions were reflective of the impact of the teachings of the Buddha.  A striking feature was that, on the whole, relations between people and between culture and nature were compatible, in harmony and well adjusted and adapted. This is largely owing to Buddhism – the foundation upon which the way of life, culture and social values of the people evolved and established.

People’s livelihood and economy reflected their interdependence with their natural habitat, with other people and other living beings. They enjoyed an abundance of natural resources by way of useable land, fertile soil, clean and dependable water resources, healthy climatic conditions, a rich and diverse biological resource base, an awe-inspiring natural environment pleasing to the senses and spiritually inspiring, and above all, a culture that valued harmonious relationship with each other and the natural environment which provided the basis of their livelihood.

 COMMUNITY LEADERSHIP AND ORGANIZATION

Each village or community had a group of well-respected elders and families who had earned the respect and recognition of the people, owing to their benevolence, generosity, virtuous nature and adherence to a life-style in-keeping with the long established indigenous culture and social values. Invariably they held leadership positions in their respective communities and were a source of positive influence and were role models to the people. In Buddhist villages, they belonged to the ‘dayaka sabhas’ of temples and worked closely with Bhikkhus in Buddhist activities based on temples. Often they were office bearers of community development and social welfare organizations.

This system prevailed in a good part of the country even during the first three decades following independence. The Bhikkhus were unofficial leaders of these communities providing a wide range of services to their communities besides their activities connected with the spiritual advancement of the people. Religious, literary and cultural pursuits flourished in these communities. There were festivities and religious functions where the entire community participated willingly. Among them were spectacular festivities such as ‘perahera’ with drumming, dancing, and music and traditional rituals of varied types. Their cultural pursuits and creativity were also reflected in the beautiful art, sculpture, architecture, pottery, handicrafts and fine arts of varied forms.

A BROADER SELF

Life in the modern day urbanized world is made complex by the multitude of distractions, competition to get ahead in life, and the need to adjust to rapidly changing circumstances and environment. The system promotes individuality and ego-boosting as opposed to companionship and a collaborative spirit among people.  Selfishness and exclusiveness of individuals is so strong that close companionship has hardly any room to develop. The my” and your” feelings are nurtured in a strong way.

In traditional Buddhist communities, the idea of self prevails, but it is different. The development of this self” is influenced by the norms of living in that community. Its way of thinking, interacting and lifestyles are different. These are characterized by a high degree of restraint and simplicity. Relationships and attitudes towards members of the community and to the natural surroundings are more accommodating and less competitive.  There are far greater and closer human interactions leading to more companionship. There are more opportunities for direct and closer interactions with nature and to be conversant with the diverse environmental processes of the locality, and therefore to live in harmony with nature. The attachments that one develops towards others and ones local environment gives one strength and confidence and a greater degree of inner peace and capacity for self discovery to be happy with life and also to have a strong sense of self to experience solitude in a positive way.

Opportunities for solitude are necessary for inner growth. Traditional community life and the rural environmental setting provided ample opportunities for individuals to find solitude and to find creative benefits of being alone. Modern science has established that if the brain is to function at its best and individuals are to reach their highest creative potential, they need to develop some capacity for solitude.  Rural communities living with less distractions and closer to nature have many opportunities of being alone in nature which offers them most rewarding experiences. In small Buddhist communities in rural Sri Lanka we still see very strong communities where bonding and inter-relationships are very important. If people have their upbringing close to nature, they will be close to the source of great happiness.

People develop a broader” self under these conditions. It is also a deeper self. Ego” and associated Selfishness” is not strong in this self”.   For most people, seIf is often identified with or seeing something of themselves in others. This self is joyful when others around are happy, and sorrowful when others are sorrowful.  Their feelings are somehow adapted to the others with whom they identify with. For example, you identify yourself with the other. This starts with your family members. You have identification with your son or daughter or family members to such an extent that you help them as you would help yourself. This identification can extend wider than your family: for example, to your friends, your neighbors and your country. It can extend to the whole of humanity. It does not stop there either. You can identify yourself with pets, with other animals, with plants and other natural elements. Through identification with others you find self-realization. The term includes personal and community self-realization.

According to Buddhist philosophy the self does not have absolute boundaries. We are not separate or disconnected entities. Everything in the universe exists in relationship. Everything has a living, flowing connection with everything else. Of course, that does not mean that there is no self in a relative sense. Buddhism is not a nihilistic philosophy. It emphasizes the inter-relatedness of everything. We are not isolated entities. Many Western philosophers have thought of non-Western cultures as lacking a sense of individualism which they think is necessary for progress and higher consciousness. But Buddhist societies have developed a very high level of consciousness and yet they have retained a deep sense of community and connectedness, which has helped them to be fulfilled and self-realized.

THE DISRUPTIVE COLONIAL PERIOD

Being an agricultural community, Buddhists of Sri Lanka were grounded to their place in the natural world at the time of the arrival in the early 16th century, of European colonial powers. Until the time of large scale land use grab and changes during the British colonial period from the 19th century and thereafter, our people were self-supporting farmers living harmoniously with their environment. Most farmers worked for part of the year. Poverty, unemployment and environmental pollution were unknown to them. Productive farms including luxuriant home gardens, clean water and air enabled a healthy life for the large mass of people. Irrigation and water management technologies of our people are considered as engineering marvels and are in use even today. Their farming methods are known to be environmentally most compatible and sustainable.

With the intrusion and expansion of plantation agriculture in the country from about the nineteenth century and thereafter, and the ill-advised development” policies of various post-independence era governments during the past five and half decades, the stable agricultural livelihood of the people, founded on the Buddhist way of life was disrupted to a great extent. The social and environmental consequences of the transformation of the country into an export-import based, outer-oriented commercialized economic system were drastic. With the introduction of so-called modern technologies and social institutions to facilitate this commercialized economy, what suffered most was the close interrelationship and integration that prevailed between the indigenous people, their livelihood activities and their environment. In other words, it led to a sharp disintegration and fundamental separation and between people, as well as between people and the living world.

During the colonial period of occupation and large scale exploitation of the country’s resources, the impact of Western ways of life and Christian norms became rampant, and was spreading to interior rural areas. With the export-import based monoculture, urban areas assumed importance, job opportunities were centralized in these places, and so was political power. This intensified the economic pull of urban areas. Farmers were pushed off their land and the urban influx began to increase. Rural life was beginning to collapse and people who once relied on nearby resources became tied to the export market and related economy. The gap between the rich and poor widened and anger, resentment and conflict increased. In this process, our people lost something essential – their self-sustaining society.

DEPENDENCY SYNDROME

With the establishment of the foreign imposed export-import economic system with its associated urbanization and centralization, daily lives of the people began to depend more on a human created world characterized by its associated complex of systems such as transportation, energy, western education and medical services, to name a few. In the conglomeration of operations of these varied systems, it became increasingly difficult to know the effects of people’s actions on nature or on other people. Overlooking the negative impacts of disturbing the inherent interrelationship that exists between humans and their environment, these new or ‘modern’ tendencies associated with large-scale commercial plantation monoculture, were based on the wrong premise that humans are able to control the natural world.

DEMORALIZING URBAN INFLUENCE

People from different ethnic and social backgrounds were pulled to Colombo and other urban areas, where they were cut off from their communities and cultural settings. They faced ruthless competition for jobs and basic necessities of life. Individual and cultural self-esteem were eroded by the pressure to live up to media and advertising stereotypes, whose images are based on an urban, western, English speaking consumer model, alien to the stable indigenous lifestyle. The villager or farmer was soon made to feel primitive – the gamaya or godaya”, backward, and inferior. Hostility among young people in particular became strong owing to the intensely demoralizing and competitive situation they were compelled to face. Differences of any kind become increasingly significant and ethnic and racial violence is the all but inevitable result. Historically, the erosion of cultural integrity was a conscious goal of colonial developers. With political independence, the system of government and economic system thrust upon our people, along with the alien political party concept resulted in further divisiveness and animosity among people. In recent years, this trend was further accentuated by economic globalization and its socio-economic and religious ramifications in the country.

IMPACT OF THE DIVIDE AND RULE POLICY

Prior to the arrival of European colonialists the Sinhala Buddhist majority and the minorities who made the country their home, lived together for centuries without conflict. European introduced Christianity led to serious divisions within the Sinhela community. The divide and rule policy of the British with preferential treatment accorded to the minority Tamil community and Christians, led to divisive feelings and polarization of the Sinhela-Tamil and the Buddhist- Christian peoples. With independence, the well-established, Western educated and economically well-off Tamil and Christian elite began to feel the erosion of their power, influence and identity. They felt threatened in the absence of the preferential treatment that they enjoyed under the British. This was the beginning of ethnic conflicts in Sri Lanka.

 CONTRARY TO BUDDHIST PRINCIPLES

The new structures and institutions on which people were made to depend upon were often not in-keeping with Buddhist principles which formed the basis of life of the indigenous people. They were a denial of the interdependence and impermanence taught in Buddhism.  They were reflections of ignorance and greed.  They were not promoting a way of life that is consistent with Buddhist economics but based on a narrow perspective on human needs and motivations.

Concerned primarily on monetary transactions and largely overlooking such non-material aspects of life such as family and community, meaningful work, or spiritual values, the focus of this so-called modern system of social relations was based on the belief that people are motivated primarily by self-interest and endless material and worldly desires. This is in total contradiction to Buddhist principles and values known to our people. Greed was nurtured by the consumer culture that was introduced by the foreigner.  Profit motive, competition, self interests, individualism and material values generated by this foreign culture resulted in increased social problems and cultural degeneration.  The privileged urban and underprivileged rural lifestyle differences became marked. The complexities that this economy created led to disconnected society with psychological deprivation and environmental breakdown. The first signs of disintegration of the integration that existed between people and their local environment and the cooperative spirit that existed in rural communities were evident during the colonial period.

PLIGHT OF THE ORDINARY PEOPLE

From the time our country was occupied by European colonial powers, the development models that were applied in our country were focused on serving the interests of the foreigner and local interests. This approach continued even after the country attained the so-called political independence.  The country’s leadership and our development planners continued with the outer-oriented foreign approaches to development, the latest being the globalization process which began emerging in late 1970’s. These foreign approaches have failed to bring about improvement to living conditions of the large mass of indigenous people, mainly Buddhists. Instead, they have led to untold problems and misery to them.    

 The large mass of the Sinhala Buddhist people in particular, suffer owing to the lack of basic necessities in life, including safety and security. They are forced to function in a socio-political system marked by the lack of virtue and moral character, being corrupt, selfish and small minded. The country’s resources and environment are being misused, mismanaged and indiscriminately exploited and are in a state of depletion and degradation. The glorious cultural heritage of the nation is being destroyed.  Its traditional long-standing social institutions are being undermined and treated with disrespect. Children and youth are being corrupted and misled by superficial and unwholesome aspects of foreign cultures and blind beliefs. Human relationships are strained to an extent never seen in our country in the past.    

 We have lived through and experimented for too long with western and irrelevant systems which have clearly failed to improve the quality of life of the overwhelming majority of our people. Blind adoption of foreign and culturally incompatible systems, has led to the total disarray of our governance, ethnic relations, religious tolerance, economic system, social values and cohesion. It is time that the indigenous people of the country realized that actions and influences of the so-called developed world that have created most of the problems faced by our people, most importantly, the widespread poverty and cultural degeneration to which the country is subject.  

 ILLS OF GLOBALIZATION

What is clearly evident in our country is that globalization virtually tears people apart from their own ecosystem and their own resources. It has directed and deviated most of our people into an urban lifestyle far removed from their own resources and culture. The global monoculture is a dealer in illusions: while promising a glittering, wealthy lifestyle it can never provide for the majority, it is destroying the sustainable ways of living that traditions and local economies provided. For what it destroys, it provides no replacement but a fractured, isolated, competitive and unhappy society.

A good part of people in our country, especially the indigenous Buddhists live below poverty-line with its concomitant hunger, malnutrition, disease, ignorance, unemployment, economic uncertainty, cultural disintegration, crime, violence and political conflicts. To make matters worse, there is a steady depletion and degradation of their environment and the natural resources forming the basis of survival for most of these people. Rapid urbanization as it is happening today in our country is destructive. The psychological, social and environmental costs of this type of urbanization and development are cruel and frightening. It cannot be sustained, neither can the biological systems. Inherent in this process is the destruction of biological diversity. Species are literally disappearing. We cannot live without that biodiversity. It’s not so much a question of preference as of survival. It in actual fact, robs people of self-esteem.

Under globalization, the destruction of cultural integrity is far more subtle than before.  The computer and telecommunications revolutions have helped to speed up and strengthen the forces behind the march of a global monoculture, which is now able to disrupt traditional cultures with a shocking speed and finality which surpasses anything the world has witnessed before. Mass media and advertising agents are being used effectively to play upon human weaknesses such as the innate greed for sensual pleasures and social prestige, in order to convince people of the virtues of increasing consumption. Extreme forms of social problems have been the outcome of these modern trends.

SPREAD OF WESTERN CONSUMER CONFORMITY

In the past three decades, in both urban and most rural areas of Sri Lanka, western consumer conformity has been descending on a massive scale. This so called development’ involves tourism, western films and products and television to the remotest parts of the country. All provide overwhelming images of luxury and power. Action films and advertisements give the impression that everyone in the West is rich, beautiful and brave, and leads a life filled with excitement and glamour. Advertisers continue to propagate the illusion that the use of westernized fashion accessories, fast food and adoption of western lifestyles are reflective of an advanced culture and quality of life. It is common knowledge that in our country, people are induced to meet their needs not through their community or local economy, but by trying to ‘buy in’ to the global market. People are made to believe that, everything imported is good and local things are ‘crap’.

With passage to time, advertising and media images exerted powerful psychological pressure to seek a more westernized life – one based on increased consumption. Since jobs are scarce overseas employment became popular. This led to further erosion of family and cultural values. Despite the disastrous consequences, it has been the policy of every government to promote these trends through the support for globalization.

In our motherland, the breaking up of local cultural, economic and political ties isolates people from their locality and from each other. Life speeds up and mobility increases — making even familial relationships more superficial and brief. At the same time, competition for scarce jobs and for political representation within the new centralized structures increasingly divides people. Ethnic and religious differences have begun to take on a political dimension, causing bitterness and enmity on a scale hitherto unknown. With a desperate irony, this globalization monoculture instead of bringing people together – creates divisions that previously did not exist. As the fabric of local interdependence frays, so do traditional levels of tolerance and cooperation. Disputes and acrimony within previously close-knit communities, and even within families, are increasing. The rise in this kind of new rivalry is one of the most painful divisions that are seen in rural communities.

NEED FOR OVERALL TRANSFORMATION

When we adopt a Buddhist perspective on the problems of our country today, we see that something is fundamentally wrong with the way we lead our lives. The transformations we need have to be more than merely personal. It must embrace aspects of our existence – the internal and external, the personal and social. Both of these are inseparably intertwined and mutually conditioning. Our values reflect our social and economic realities, while our social and economic realities are shaped by our values. Thus, while it is in our personal lives that we have the greatest power to instigate direct change, any alterations in our personal lifestyles must also reach outwards and exercise an impact on our interpersonal relations, our social order, our political agenda, and our relationship to the natural environment. There has to be a far-reaching change in our collective views, attitudes and lifestyles.

 IGNORANCE AND DELUSION                                                                              

The social order brought about by globalization is founded upon ignorance (“avijja”) and delusion (“moha”), namely the supposition that material wealth and consumption are the criteria of good life.  According to the Buddhist texts, when ignorance infiltrates our cognitive systems, it issues in a series of distortions (vipallasa”), which infect our perception (sanna”), thinking (citta”) and views (ditthi”).  The Buddha mentions four such distortions – the notions that the insubstantial is a self, and that the unbeautiful is beautiful. At the most basic impermanent is permanent, that the painful or suffering is pleasant, that the level, we perceive things in terms of these distortions. When these distorted perceptions are taken up by the thought, we start thinking in terms of them.  Finally, under the combined influence of distorted perception and thought, we accept views, beliefs, doctrines, and ideologies that affirm the mistaken notions of permanence, pleasure, selfhood and beauty. In modern commercial culture, these distortions or conceptual manifestations of ignorance dominate the thinking, attitudes, principles and policy of both producers and consumers alike.  The illusions of permanence, pleasure, self, and beauty are sustained by the images that have become such an intimate part of our lives.

MANIPULATION OF HUMAN DESIRES

The inevitable outcome is the exaltation of craving and greed as the fuel of social and economic activity. Production is geared towards the enhancement of commercial profit which means that human desires must be subtly manipulated and expanded in a bid to enhance profits. As a consequence the elementary need for material sustenance, for the basic necessities of life, becomes blown up in an insatiable urge for status, power, and luxury.

The masters of commerce strive to create in people a perpetual sense of discontent, to induce feelings of inadequacy, to stir up the need to purchase more. As a result, envy and resentment replace contentment and satisfaction.  For the corporate based economy to flourish there must never be enough but always a thirst for more, for the bigger, faster, and better, for novelty and variety.  In a newly affluent society, perhaps the segment of the society most vulnerable to the tactics of commercial advertising is the youth. The promoters of consumerism know this very well. They know how to capitalize on the tender psychological needs of the young, for example their rebelliousness and audacity, their compulsions and anxieties, and on this basis, they attempt to create a specific culture of youth in which prestige and prominence are attached to the appropriate commodities that are produced.  They know how to control fashions and styles to make acquisition of replacements a recurring demand.

In summary, the glorification of the profit motive gives rise to a social order in which the underlying springs of social activity are the twin defilements of ignorance and craving. The experts, who defend this system, the advocates of free trade and globalization, tell us that the unrestrained functioning of the economy is the precondition for general human happiness. What the Buddha teaches is just the opposite.  In a society governed by ignorance and craving, in which greed, reckless growth and consumption are the spurs to mass scale human activity, the inevitable outcome has to be suffering and conflict.  In the formula of the Four Noble Truths, we find this expressed in psychological terms craving is the origin of suffering”.  In the ” Mahanidana Sutta”, the Buddha has made the same point with specific references to the breakdown of social cohesion From craving comes the search for profit, from seeking comes the gain of profit, from gain comes discrimination, thence come desire and lust, thence attachment, thence possessiveness, thence selfishness, thence hoarding, and from hoarding comes many evil, unwholesome things such as crime, quarrels, conflicts, disputes, recrimination, slander, and falsehood”.

DEVALUATION OF THE INDIVIDUAL

The ultimate effect of corporate culture is to reduce the person to a mere consumer whose whole being centers on the intensity and variety of private experience. In subtle ways, this operates below the threshold of perception.  The consumerist conception of the good life cuts away at the bonds of community that unite the members of a social order into a unified whole. By appealing to those values that inflame egotism and self-interest, it replaces social cohesion with a social atomism that locks each individual into a self-enclosed world of one’s private concerns.  Each person is obsessed with maximizing his or her own status, wealth, position and power or the outward signs of material success.  If one is puzzled why social discipline and responsibility have become so rare today, reflection of the above should provide the answer. Greed, hatred, and delusion lead to inner disharmony and social conflict. Greed is a state of lack, need, and wants and always seeks fulfillment. Hatred in all its degrees is also a state of dissatisfaction often associated with frustrated desires and wounded pride. Delusion, taking the form of ignorance, is a state of confusion, bewilderment and helplessness. Both greed and hatred are closely linked with delusion. The coarsest forms of these three unwholesome defilement have to be abandoned through sila” (virtue), while in the advanced stages the aid of samadhi” (meditation) and panna” (wisdom) have to be applied. Any philosophy, or way of life, which establishes the ego as the focus of motivation and activity will inevitably perpetuate all those factors of conflict, ill-will, hatred, greed, and exploitation, which causes the human race continuous unnecessary suffering. According to Buddhism, the excessive domination of the personality by greed of any kind is detrimental to the development of a healthy society.

WELL-ROUNDED PERSONALITY

Economic development must be placed against the wider background of the need to develop a well-rounded personality, and a happy human being. In the “Mangala  Sutta” and the “Sigalovada Sutta”, the Buddha has said that the happiness of the average person depends on their economic security, the enjoyment of wealth, freedom from debt, and a blameless moral and spiritual life. In a number on contexts, the economic factor is linked to a wider relationship to the dhamma”.

Schumacher outlines most convincingly, a Buddhist Economics” which has much relevance to the modern world (Schumacher, E.F. (1973), Small is Beautiful: A Study of Economics as if People Mattered”. Blond and Briggs.)  He proposes production based on a middle-ranged technology, yielding on the one hand an adequate range of material goods, and on the other, a harmony with the natural environment and its resources.

LACK OF CONNECTION WITH OTHERS

In today’s mass society, young people are growing up fearful of expanding their deeper and broader selves. The tragedy of the modern age is that in the name of individualism, what’s being promoted is, in fact, a mass culture where people are fearful of developing their unique characteristics. The insecurity that many children now feel is due to a lack of connection with other people. This generates an emotional insecurity and a fear of being themselves.

Before the intrusion of globalization, in the small rural Buddhist communities that we talked about before, people are really in charge of their lives, responsible for their own natural resources and not at the mercy of urban or further-removed elite. They feel secure, peaceful and free. With the spread of the globalization process, progressively, rural communities have been marginalized. People may be living rurally, may know each other and have these internalized relationships, but because they have been made to feel insecure, they lose power and self-respect. Individuals become intolerant and out of that intolerance grows a rejection of your own self- realization and that of others. What we can do is to sabotage this globalization structure individually and locally and try to establish local communities that are more or less independent. We must protect what is left of local culture against the onslaught which is there all the time. Our development process needs to be a transition to a more locally-based culture.

PROTECTING INDIGENOUS CULTURAL INHERITANCE

We should not let our wholesome Buddhist cultural inheritance be undermined and eroded away by economic, social and cultural trends that are incompatible with our enviable social values that took some 2300 years to develop and form the basis of life of our nation.  We are duty-bound to work towards transforming and changing whatever harmful trends evident in our motherland. It is time to reinforce Buddhist principles that constitute the basis of the national culture of Sri Lanka.

Building a stronger sense of national identity holds the key to achieving true reconciliation and social cohesion in our nation. Our nation needs to be united behind the nation’s Buddhist values. Extremism in any form, including religious, is not in-keeping with the Buddhist principles and values that form the basis of our nation. Attempting to implant in Sri Lanka, norms and behavior patterns of other countries aimed at being exclusive and markedly different to the long established social and cultural norms of our nation has a socially divisive effect. Buddhist community leaders, especially Buddhist Bhikkhus who have been the traditional custodians of the nation’s culture and values should be in the forefront in confronting in a legitimate manner, any extremist and divisive trends on the part of any community cultural or religious, who has made Sri Lanka their home. Traditionally the Buddhist leadership is duty-bound to prevent attempts by anyone to undermine the long established Buddhist socio-cultural norms of our nation. This is necessary in order to get the various non-indigenous communities to be a part of our nation and to help them develop a national perspective. They should be encouraged to actively participate in national events and be participants in the national development effort for the common benefit of all and not exclusively for the benefit of one’s own community and religion.

In general, separatism and divisiveness appear to dominate the thoughts of minority communities of Sri Lanka when it comes to their association with this country. This attitude inevitably prevents them from developing a sense of belonging to the nation, and cultivating better relationships with Sinhala Buddhists – the majority mainstream of the country from historic times. This parochial attitude prevents minorities from understanding and appreciating the worthy principles and values that characterize the Sri Lankan nation, that give this nation its identity as a unique nation.

SOCIALLY ENGAGED BUDDHISM

The painful and disastrous effects of the three mental poisons – hatred, greed and delusion that are fast overtaking our nation have to be controlled and managed for the welfare of our nation. Private spirituality and morality alone cannot address and contain overall suffering or dukkha” of our people. Suffering and its relief have a social dimension that has to be addressed in an organized manner. Merely feeling sorry for those who suffer or meditatively channeling compassion to them and performing intercessory rituals on their behalf are of little value today. We need to find more direct and tangible ways to serve the suffering and to relieve their misery. We need to institutionalize our efforts and attempt vigorously to find out the institutional and political ramifications of ignorance and attachment – the Second Noble Truth in Buddhism – that is on collective greed, hatred and delusion, and on new organizational strategies for addressing social evils such as injustice, war, poverty, exploitation, intolerance, and to venture into prospects for outer and inner peace in our nation. The approach involves engaging in the lives of others through compassion, sacrifice and service.

 Buddhism has always been engaged in various socio-political contexts. The idea of interdependence is widely associated with Buddhism. Buddhism is the religion of Human Ecology. Engaging in the lives of others through compassion, sacrifice and service is the worthy spiritual path that we need to observe in the contemporary world. We need to expand our approach or shift somewhat away from those traditional customs that excessively promote monasticism and individual salvation, and become more socially engaged and be more concerned about service to the community, the human habitat and the environment in general.  We need to broaden our spiritual practices to include both family and community and the social and environmental concerns of the broader world. We need to approach meditation not as a way of escaping from society or getting out of society, but to prepare us for a re-entry into society so that we will be better able to identify and understand social hardships, misery and perils, and be able to do something tangible to relieve them.  It is time that we as Buddhists involve ourselves in an organized manner, become socially engaged and apply Buddhism to matters of everyday life, individual work, family, politics and the community.  It needs to be a direct application of Buddhist principles and concepts to social and political issues and areas.

The development path of our country need to be built from the grassroots, based on its Buddhist cultural foundation. It should involve the development of strong local economies in which producer-consumer links are shortened and cultural values are respected and peaceful coexistence in harmony with the environment and all diverse people are assured. Moving in this direction appears to be the appropriate way to solve the whole range of serious social, economic and environmental problems faced by the country today. Ultimately, we are talking about a spiritual awakening that comes from making a connection to others and to nature. This requires us to see the world within us, to experience more consciously the great interdependent web of life, of which we ourselves are among the strands.

                                                                               Dr. Daya Hewapathirane

පූජ්‍ය මාදුළුවාවේ සෝභිත හිමි වෙත

July 3rd, 2014

ධර්මසිරි සෙනෙවි රත්න

හිමියනි  ජනාධිපති  ධුරය    නැති  කරන්න ඔබ  වහන්සේ  මේ තරම්  උත්සාහ කරන්නේ  කුමක් නිසාදැය්  අපට තේරුම් ගෙනීම අපහසුය් .ජනාධිපති කෙනෙක් නොසිටියානම්  අපි සේරම අද කොටින්ට යටත් . ඉස්සර නම්  ජාතික චින්තනයේ  පතාක  යෝධයෙක් ලෙස ඔබ තුමා  හිටියා . චින්තන පර්ෂදයේ  සභාපති වුනේ  ඔබ වහන්සේ . අද මෙහෙම  වී ම  කණගාටුවක් .ජනාධිපති ට  බලතල  වැඩිබව ඇත්ත  පස්සේ ඒවා වෙනස් කරමු   දැන්  කල යුත්තෙ  දහතුනත් පළාත්  සභාවලුත්  අහෝසි කිරීමය් . එක කරන්න  ජනාධිපතිට බල කරන්න  ඔබට පින් .හෙම කෙනෙක්ම  ඔබ තුමාට  සහයෝගය දෙය් .   වීරයෙක්ව සිටි ඔබ එලෙසම  අපවත් විය යුතුය් . ද්‍රෝහීන්ට එකතු වෙන්න එපා  වහාම ජාතික  බලවේගය සමග එකතු වන්න
නැවතත්  ජාතික චින්තනයට එන්න  දරුණු  හමුදා නිලධාරීන්  හෝ රනිල් ලා  විශ්වාස කර කර ගෙන ගියොත් අපි සේරම  අමාරුවේ
13 අහෝසි කරමු . පළාත් සභා අහෝසිකරමු . මෙයට නායකත්වය දෙන්න ..

Muslims wiped out complete civilisations

July 3rd, 2014

Nalliah Thayabharan

July 1st, 2014

Muslims wiped out complete civilisation in Egypt Parsees from Persia,Buddhists from Afghanistan & Maldives, Sikhs from Lahore, Sindhis from Sindh,
Kashmiri pandits from Kashmir, Hindus & Buddhists in Bangladesh, Christians and Hindus from several Islands of Indonesia

But the real enemies to defeat are the disturbing emotions and attitudes that lie hidden in the mind. Buddhism’s Jihad” is purely an internal spiritual war against the inner foes. Siddhārtha Gautama Buddha was born into the warrior caste and often used military imagery to describe the spiritual journey. Siddhārtha Gautama Buddha was the Triumphant One, who defeated the demonic forces of unawareness, distorted views, disturbing emotions, and impulsive karmic behavior.

In Saudi Arabia there is no Church, Synagogue, Buddhist nor Hindu Temple is allowed. Wahhabism (pseudo Salafism) is NOT a religion of tolerance. Wahhabism provides the fundamental base for Jihadism which causes unending strife and misery. It is not Iran that should be bombed. In Iran there are still Jews living there and praying in their Synagogues. Muammar al-Gaddafi respected Christian and Jewish religions and their Churches, Synagogues in Libya but American, English, French, Saudi and Qatari financed terrorists destroyed Churches, Synagogues recently. Buddhist Temples including Bamiyan Buddha statues have survived in Islamic countries for centuries, but they could not survive under the Wahhabism.

Washington and London are protecting Wahhabi extremists. In Syria Christians and their Churches were safe before the Westerners began sending their Wahhabi fanatics to kill innocent Syrian civilians.
In Bosnia and Kosovo, under the guise of reconstruction aid”, Saudi Arabia, Kuwaiti, and other Wahhabi organizations have demolished and removed major Islamic monuments (survived attacks by Serb and Croat militias) which were created by Muslims with an Islamic culture and tradition stretching back to 14th century long before Ibn Abd al-Wahhab made his 18th century alliance with the warlord Ibn Saud who founded the Saudi dynasty – House of Saud.
In post- Muammar al-Gaddafi Libya,Wahhabi Jihadists bulldozed several Libyan Sufi mosques (including the Tripoli’s Al-Shaab Al-Dahman mosque) and Sufi graves (including the tombs of Libyan Sufi scholars Abdullah al-Sha’ab, Abdel Salam al-Asmar and of soldiers who fought Spanish colonialists). Wahhabi Jihadists also burned down several historic Sufi libraries in Libya recently.
Since the start of the Arab Spring uprising by Wahhabi Jihadists, many Sufi sites have been attacked in Egypt, Mali and Libya by armed Wahhabi Jihadists.
The Wahhabis, and the British, supported the warlord Ibn Saud and legitimized the warlord Ibn Saud and his fight against the Ottoman Empire. Since then the House of Saud always supports Britain and its allies including USA and Israel. When the House of Saud took control of the Holy Places in Arabia from the Ottoman Empire with British support , they destroyed 15 centuries of Islamic heritage, including the desecration of the tombs of the wives and companions of the Holy Prophet, in the iconoclastic imposition of Wahhabism. The iconoclastic Wahhabi House of Saud gradually destroyed several holy shrines, including historical places of Islam from the Prophet’s house in Mecca and companion Ayoob Ansari’s house in Medina and turned them into apartments buildings and hotels. They also turned the site of the Prophet’s wives’ houses into a parking lot.
The Wahhabi-backed House of Saud took full control of the Hijaz, Mecca and Medina, in 1924 and established the modern state of Saudi Arabia, with Wahhabism as its official religion. Since then the House of Saud has promoted Wahhabism as normative Islam throughout the Islamic world. The House of Saud was consolidated on massive oil wealth and has spent huge sums of money building Wahhabi mosques, publishing Wahhabi literature and funding Wahhabi organizations world-wide. Today, with Wahhabi control of the Holy Places intact, virtually every aspect and corner of modern Islam has been penetrated by Wahhabi influence through the agency of the House of Saud.
Through the control of the Hajj – the beating heart of Islam – and through their vigorous publication and propaganda means, almost all the Muslims are infected with Wahhabism to some extent.
Present Zionist and Wahhabi doctrines foresee the fall of Iran, Belarus, and, ultimately Russia and China, after the fall of Damascus, to the combined forces of NATO and the Saudi- and Qatari-backed Wahhabis, who make up a large portion of the anti Syrian movement.
Sufism is an entirely indigenous Islamic resistance movement to fundamentalism an throughout South Asia including Sri Lanka for several centuries, the spiritual tradition of Sufism is vigorously present. Across Pakistan, the religious tenor has been correspondingly radicalised: the tolerant, Sufi-minded Barelvi form of Islam is now overtaken by the rise of the more hardline and politicized Wahhabism. Remember Sri Lankan cricketers were ambushed in Lahore by armed Wahhabi Jihadists.

Wahhabi ideology of Islam reached Sri Lanka in the 1940s, but was not accepted by Sri Lankan Muslims. Later oil rich Saudi Arabia greatly began to penetrate Sri Lanka’s adherents to Islam in 70′s., With the increased funding by the Saudi Arabia with their petro dollars, Wahhabi followers have increased and are now responsible for the sectarian clashes that are slowly increasing among Sri Lankan Muslims especially in the Eastern Province. It is sadly true but there is a rising trend of Wahhabi Jihadism in Sri Lanka. Wahhabis are trying to take the peaceful Islamic community in Sri Lanka down the path of extremism and violence.Wahhabi fundamentalism has advanced so quickly in Sri Lanka partly because the House of Saud has financed the building of so many madrasas,The Wahhabis have already created deep divisions in among Sri Lankan Muslims and have formed gangs that intimidate moderate Muslims who speak out against Wahhabi fanatics. Like the Christian fundamentalist groups using NGOs to convert innocent poor families to Christianity, Wahhabis help poor Muslim families by providing cash and other material benefits to convert the innocent poor Muslim families into their cult. By building churches and madrasas all over the world to harvest the poor souls is truely very clever idea. Wahhabis even use Sri Lankan Government Cultural and Religious Affairs Departments to continue their nefarious activities.
Wahhabis claim that moderate Sri Lankan Muslims do not know anything of Islam and only themselves are the real scholars of Islam. But Wahhabis preach only dawah” of hatred, terror and murder. To understand the deranged mentality of Wahhabis look at the fitna” the Wahhabis have caused in Pakistan. The Government authorities must investigate every Wahhabi school and propagandist in the Eastern Province to make sure they are not preaching things that are inimical to Sri Lanka. Saudi Arabia remains a critical financial support base for al-Qaida, Taliban, Lashkar-e-Taiba and other Wahhabi terrorist groups. Saudi Arabia spends 87 billion US dollar per year to spread Wahhabism world-wide. Scholarships are offered to our Muslims youths to go to Wahhabi institutions in Saudi Arabia and Egypt. But those who completed their Wahhabi studies returned to Sri Lanka and propagate Wahhabism.
Wahhabis have infiltrated Sri Lanka Broadcasting Corporation (SLBC). Almost all the participants and staffers in the Muslim section of Sri Lanka Broadcasting Corporation are Wahabis and use the State radio to propagate Wahhabism. Not only Wahhabis run private unlicensed radio stations in the Eastern Province, also armed Wahhabis often attack mosques and leaders of the Sufi sect.
Wahhabism in Srilanka is headquartered in Kattankudi is a new politico-religious movement that is sweeping the Eastern province of Sri Lanka with more than sixty Muslim Wahhabi organizations helping in propagating the movement throughout Sri Lanka and has raced ahead and taken control of the Jihadist and Al Fatah groups in Sri Lanka under their wings. Wahhabism is imported and planted in the midst of peace-loving Muslims in Sri Lanka, mostly through the lavish inflow of Saudi money pumped into Sri Lanka has overtaken other Islamic organizations by threats, intimidation and coercion.
Remember Colonel Lateef was gun down by the prominent Wahhabi militant `Police` Faiz in Oddamavadi. CIA introduced Wahhabism in Sri Lanka through Saudi Arabia as a means of countering the growing support for Iran and Sufism among the Sri Lankan Muslims since CIA had calculated that Wahhabism would be an effective rival theology to prevent the spread of Iranian influence in Sri Lanka.
Clashes between Sufis and Wahhabi Muslims in Kattankudi and in Oddamavadi occured on a regular basis due to the conflict of beliefs between both religious theologies. In October 2004 similar clashes occurred in Kattankudi and more than 200 homes of Sufi followers were burnt down by Wahhabi Jihadists.
One of the Sufi leaders Abdul Payilvan died in Colombo was buried at in Kattankudi the next day. Wahhabi Muslims observed a hartal and demanded the removal of the body from the burial grounds. Wahhabi Muslims claim Kattankudy soil is sacred and bodies belonging to those who preach views contradictory to Wahhabism should not be buried there. Wahhabis demanded that the body of Abdul Payilvan, who is from Maruthamunai in the Ampara district, should be exhumed and buried elsewhere.
Wahhabis had dug up the buried body of another Sufi Muslim from Mosque burial grounds and dumped the body on a local road as an act of protest. Kattankudi Police recovered the body, re-buried it in the original burial ground and guarded burial ground for few days.
In Kattankudi, the hatred between Wahhabis and Sufis has widened in the last few years and has grown in intensity, left many injured, and caused damage to several houses and vehicles.
P Jainul Abedin – a powerful Wahhabist preacher from Tamil Nadu – is leading the Wahhabi Jihadism in Kattankudi.

Organisations like the Saudi-funded Centre for Islamic Guidance cropped up in the early 1990s, Firdous said.
A more recent 2009 clash in the south-western Muslim coastal town of Beruwala reflects similar religious tensions between a popular Sufi sheikh and a nearby Wahhabi congregation.
Saudi agents have successfully penetrated Sri Lankan Muslims social fabric and have managed to defeat the Sufism in their game. Due to the training afforded by the House of Saud now the Wahhabis have prevailed over the Sufis. The Muslims in Sri Lanka have been subdued due to the Wahhabi influence while Buddhists have been agitating for the release of Rizana Naffek – teenage housemaid from Muthur who was sentenced to death by a Wahhabi Sharia Court in Saudi Arabia.
The House of Saud pretending to be the leaders of the Islam promote their Wahhabi ideology world-wide. The result has been the birth of al-Qaida, Taliban, Lashkar-e-Taiba and other Wahhabi terrorist groups which are killing Sunni and Shia Muslims alike in Iraq, Afghanistan and Pakistan.

Wahhabism has been taking roots in Maldives from the days of Maumoon Abdul Gayoom. Abandoning its tolerant, syncretic brand of Islam, Maldives now moves towards an intolerant Wahhabi society.

al-Qaida, Taliban, Lashkar-e-Taiba are overseen by the CIA and Mossad who want to destabilise countries that are not friendly to them. Because the House of Saud depends on the Americans for its security it always obeys American orders. The constant demonization of Iran and now the war against Syrian leader Bashar Al-Assad confirms a perception that Western Countries have joined with the Wahhabis in the Wahhabis’ war on the Shia. Wahhabi Jihadism remains a long-term security risk to the civilized world. In particular, through the spread of Wahhabi education in tens of thousands of religious schools world-wide, the practitioners of Wahhabism are breeding tens of millions of youth who are certain to remain outside the productive economy, and as a consequence, seethe with resentment and anger against the rest of society.

Even the forced exodus of the Hindu Pandit community from the Kashmir Valley in India during the early 1990s, and the destruction of several Hindu and Sikh temples by the Wahhabi Jihadists in Kashmir, failed to slow down the volume of laudatory coverage of what were portrayed Wahhabi Jihadists as freedom fighters battling cruel Indian Army in Jammu and Kashmir State by the Western media. The Kashmir Model” of using the language of democracy and human rights to win Western support, even while adhering to a contrary policy in practice was widely used to topple Libyan leader Muammar al-Gaddafi. Wahhabis hated Muammar al-Gaddafi for the fact that he ruled Libya, with no quarter given to Wahhabi demands as the imposition of Sharia law or the banning of women’s dress other than the abaya. After Muammar al-Gaddafi was defeated and killed, Wahhabi Jihadists who took over Libya as a result of huge help from Nicholas Sarkozy and David Cameron have lost no time in imposing a Wahhabi version of Sharia law in Libya and in killing and jailing those who disagree with their extremist world-view. Fortunately for them, Western media channels that were once filled with news about Libya under Muammar al-Gaddafi are now silent about the immense human rights violations taking place in Libya after its liberation” in 2011.

Seeing the success of such a pitch in Libya, Wahhabi Jihadists against the Syrian leader Bashar Al-Assad, have begun cultivating the Western media and public opinion, the way the Wahhabi Jihadists in Kashmir used to do in the 1990s.

So extreme has the identification with such elements become, that even the largest Western media outlets accept without question such facts” as that Syrian leader Bashar Al-Assad bombed his own troops and facilities in order to blame it on the insurgents.” Since the armed uprising by Wahhabi Jihadists began in Syria several thousand members of the Syrian security forces and their family members have been killed by the Wahhabi insurgents, who themselves have lost thousands of their own.

However, those relying on Western media are told that every such death has been caused by the Syrian security forces, ignoring the deadly violence that is being unleashed in Syria by groups of armed Wahhabi mobs.

Today in Syria, women can dress as they please. Were the Wahhabi Jihadists to take control, this freedom might soon be replaced with the obligation to wear the full veil. Already in Egypt and in Tunisia, the secular ethos of the country is rapidly giving way to Wahhabism.
While Western countries are opposed to Wahhabi Jihadism and Sharia law in their own countries, in the Arab countries they favor Wahhabi Jihadism over those who are secular. The result is a galloping Wahhabism and its Sharia law across the Arab countries.
Since the Western countries subterfuge to destabilise Sri Lanka, by surreptitiously supporting the LTTE failed, now the Western countries will promote Wahhabi Jihadism to cause strife and trouble to destabilize Sri Lanka . Wahhabi followers – al-Qaida, Taliban, Lashkar-e-TaibaTaliban and other Wahhabi terrorist groups – have caused untold misery in several countries including Iraq, Afghanistan, Pakistan and India. Sri Lanka appears to be their next target. The Sri Lankan government must take immediate strict measures to control Wahhabi organizations and ban them. Wahhabis have already built several illegal Mosques in Sri lanka using Saudi Arabia’s petro dollar. The overwhelming peace loving Muslims of Sri Lanka will extend their support to the government in this matter. As the Wahhabis are even capable of starting ethnic riots between the peaceful Sinhalese and the Muslims, the Sri Lankan government must not be lethargic on this matter.

Wahhabism and Saudi Arabia’s ruling House of Saud have been intimately and permanently intertwined since their births. Unlike Islam in other Muslim countries, however, Wahhabism treats women as third class citizens, imposes the veil on them, and denies them basic human rights such as: driving cars; the freedom of traveling within the country or leaving it without permission or Mahram-a relative male chaperon, the interaction with men who are not related to them in order to maintain a complete separation of the sexes; and until a few decades ago denied them public education and banned them from Radio & Television.
Wahhabism created the Saudi monarchy, and the House of Saud spread Wahhabism. One could not have existed without the other. Wahhabism gives the House of Saud legitimacy, and the House of Saud protects and promotes Wahhabism. Wahhabism is highly self-centered and extremely intolerant of progressive ideologies, other religions, and other Islamic sects such as Shiism and Sufism. It despises Arab Nationalism with a great deal of passion, yet it promotes Saudi” nationalism, despite the fact that any nationalism is considered a violation of Islamic theology due to the concept of Islamic Ummah (nation”).
Wahhabi Islam has already penetrated every nook and corner of the Muslim world. It is right time that like minded Muslim scholars join together and put an end to its spreading further in the interest of protecting the younger generation. What is causing a big concern is that these Wahhabis concentrate much on brain washing the youths. This is a dangerous trend and the Sunnath Jamath Moulvis and followers should take a serious note of this. More than the illiteracy prevailing in the Islamic community, its backwardness, unemployment etc, what is the serious problem confronting the whole Muslim society is Wahhabism.
There are NO SECTS in islam, indeed Koran specifies God’s dislike of schism in very clear terms. Muslims” have taken it upon themselves to create various sects, each claiming others are wrong, this defeats the whole concept of ummah”. Sects are clearly a human trait as Judaism & Christianity are also plagued with this divide, and at any rate all people who believe in One God should be part of one Ummah”, instead we all seem to worship our Egos/parents religion/history rather than God.

Siddhārtha Gautama Buddha’s period saw not only urbanisation, but also the beginnings of centralised states.The successful expansion of Buddhism depended on the growing economy of the time, together with increased centralized political organization capable of change. Buddhism had seen a steady growth from its beginnings to its endorsement as state religion of the Maurya Empire under Ashoka Maurya (304BCE–232 BCE). It continued to flourish another 4 centuries and spread even beyond the Indian subcontinent to Central Asia and beyond to China.

Ashoka Maurya banned Vedic sacrifices as contrary to Buddhist benevolence, Buddhism began its spread outside of its Magadha homeland. The succeeding Shungas reinstated the sacrifices. They also built the large Sanchi stupa next to a Shunga capital. The overall trend of Buddhism’s spread across India and state support by various regional regimes continued.The consolidation of monastic organization made Buddhism the center of religious and intellectual life in India. Pushyamitra the first ruler of the Sunga Dynasty built great Buddhist topes at Sanchi in 188 BCE. The succeeding Kanva Dynasty had four Buddhist Kanva Kings.

The decline of Buddhism in India is the result of the hostility of the Brahmans. The gradual expansion in the scope and authority of caste regulations shifted political and economic power to the local arena, reversing the trend of centralization.The caste system gradually expanded into secular life as a regulative code of social and economic transactions. In ancient times, the four varnas were primarily a categorization scheme and the Vedas did contain prohibitions regarding intermarriage. There were, however, large numbers of castes probably originally tribal lineage groups.

Pusyamitra Sunga (185 BCE to 151 BCE) was hostile to Buddhism, he burned Sūtras, Buddhists shrines and massacred monks. The Hindu Saivite ruler Shashanka of Gauda (590–626) destroyed the Buddhist images and Bo Tree, under which Siddhartha Gautama is said to have achieved enlightenment. But a steady decline of Buddhism in India set in during the later Gupta era and under the Pala Empire. Chinese monks traveling through the region between the 5th and 8th centuries CE, such as Faxian, Xuanzang, Yijing, Huisheng, and Song Yun, began to speak of a decline of the Buddhist sangha, especially in the wake of the White Hun invasion. By that time, Buddhism had become especially vulnerable to hostile rulers because it lacked strong roots in society as most of its adherents were ascetic communities.

In 711 Muhammad bin Qasim conquered the Sindh, bringing Indian societies into contact with Islam, succeeding partly because Dahir was an unpopular Hindu king that ruled over a Buddhist majority and that Chach of Alor and his kin were regarded as usurpers of the earlier Buddhist Rai Dynasty – a view questioned by those who note the diffuse and blurred nature of Hindu and Buddhist practices in the region, especially that of the royalty to be patrons of both and those who believe that Chach himself may have been a Buddhist. The forces of Muhammad bin Qasim defeated Raja Dahir in alliance with the Jats and other regional governors.

Many instances of conversion of stupas to mosques such as at Nerun as well as the incorporation of the religious elite into the ruling administration such as the allocation of 3% of the government revenue was allocated to the Brahmins. As a whole, the non-Muslim populations of conquered territories were treated as People of the Book and granted the freedom to practice their respective faiths in return for payment of the poll tax (jizya). They were then excused from military service or payment of the tax paid by Muslim subjects – Zakat. The jizya enforced was a graded tax, being heaviest on the elite and lightest on the poor.

The Gupta Empire period was a time of great development of Hindu culture but even then, in the Ganges Plain, half of the population supported Buddhism and the five precepts were widely observed. The Hindu rulers and wealthy laity gave lavish material support to Buddhist monasteries. After the Guptas, the Shaivite kings of Gujarat (as well as Nepal and Kashmir) also patronized Buddhist monasteries, building a great center of Buddhist learning at Valabhi. The Buddhist emperor Harsha and the later Buddhist Pala dynasty (8th to11th Centuries ) were great patrons of Buddhism but it had already begun to lose its political and social base.

With the surge of Hindu philosophers like Adi Shankara(788 – 820), along with Madhvacharya and Ramanuja, three leaders in the revival of Hindu philosophy, Buddhism started to fade out rapidly from the landscape of India.

By the 10th century Mahmud of Ghazni defeated the Hindu-Shahis, effectively removing Hindu influence and ending Buddhist self-governance across Central Asia, as well as the Punjab region. He demolished both stupas and temples during his numerous campaigns across North-Western India, but left those within his domains and Afghanistan alone. Hindu and Buddhist statues, shrines and temples were looted and destroyed by Mahmud of Ghazni and many Buddhists had to take refuge in Tibet.

Decline continued after the fall of the Pala dynasty in the 12th century and the gradual Muslim conquest in the Indian subcontinent. The Buddhism of Magadha was finally swept away by the Islamic invasion under one of Qutb-ud-Din’s generals Muhammad Bin Bakhtiar Khilji, during which many of the Viharas and the famed universities of Nalanda and Vikramshila were destroyed, and thousands of Buddhist monks were massacred in 12th century.

Muhammad attacked the north-western regions of the Indian subcontinent many times. Gujarat later fell to Muhammad of Ghor’s armies in 1197. Muhammad of Ghor’s army was too developed for the traditional Indian army of that time to resist.

In 1197 the capital, Bihar, was seized by a small party of two hundred horsemen, who rushed the postern gate, and sacked the town. Further, the slaughter of the shaven-headed Brahmans,” as the Muslim chronicler calls the Buddhist monks, was so complete that when the victor searched for a competent person to explain the contents of the library not a soul was alive.

A similar fate befell upon the other Buddhist institutions, against which the combined intolerance and rapacity of the invaders was directed. The monasteries were sacked and the monks were slain, many of the temples were ruthlessly destroyed or desecrated, and countless idols were broken and trodden under their foot. Those monks who escaped the sword fled to Nepal, Tibet, and South India to avoid the consequences of war and Buddhism was finally destroyed and those areas then came under these Muslim rulers.

Although the Mithila rulers were Shaivite Hindus, they continued the Pala patronage of Buddhism and offered strong resistance against the Ghurids. They stopped, for example, an attempted drive to take Tibet in 1206. The Sena king (a Hindu) installed defensive garrisons at Odantapuri and Vikramashila Monasteries, which were imposing walled citadels directly on the Ghurids’ line of advance.

Nalanda escaped the fate of Odantapuri and Vikramshila monasteries. When the Tibetan translator, Chag Lotsawa Dharmasvamin (Chag Lo-tsa-ba, 1197 – 1264), visited northern India in 1235, he found Nalanda damaged, looted, and largely deserted, but still standing and functioning with 70 students.
A Tibetan monk called Dharmaswamin visited Nalanda in 1235, nearly 40 years after its sack, and found a small class still conducted in the ruins by a 90 old monk, Rahul Sribhadra. Weak and old, the teacher was kept fed and alive by a local Brahmin, Jayadeva. Warned of a roving band of 300 Turks, the class dispersed, with Dharmaswamin carrying his nonagenarian teacher on his back into hiding. Only the two of them came back, and after the last lesson (it was Sanskrit grammar) Rahul Sribhadra told his Tibetan student that he had taught him all he knew and in spite of his entreaties asked him to go home. Packing a raggedy bundle of surviving manuscripts under his robe, Dharmaswamin left the old monk sitting calmly amidst the ruins. And both he and the Dharma of Sakyamuni made their exit from India.

Many Buddhist monks fled Bihar and parts of northern Bengal, seeking asylum in monastic universities and centres in modern-day Orissa, southern Bangladesh, Arakan on the western coast of Burma, southern Burma, and northern Thailand. The majority, however, together with numerous Buddhist lay followers, went to the Kathmandu Valley of Nepal, bringing with them many manuscripts from the vast monastic libraries that had been destroyed.

Buddhism was in a strong position in Kathmandu at the time. The Hindu kings of the Thakuri Dynasties (750 – 1200) had supported the Buddhist monasteries, and there were several monastic universities. Since the end of the tenth century, numerous Tibetan translators had been visiting these centres on their way to India, and Nepalese masters from them had been instrumental in the revival of Buddhism in central and western Tibet. The early Hindu rulers of the Malla Period (1200 – 1768) continued the policies of their Thakuri predecessors.

The Musalman invaders sacked the Buddhist Universities of Nalanda, Vikramshila, Jagaddala, Odantapuri to name only a few. They raised to the ground Buddhist monasteries with which the country was studded. The monks fled away in thousands to Nepal, Tibet and other places outside India. A very large number were killed outright by the Muslim commanders. How the Buddhist priesthood perished by the sword of the Muslim invaders has been recorded by the Muslim historians themselves.

In 1215, Genghis Khan conquered Afghanistan and devastated the Muslim world. In 1227, after his death, his conquest was divided. Chagatai then established the Chagatai Khanate, where his son Arghun made Buddhism the state religion. At the same time, he came down harshly on Islam and demolished mosques to build many stupas. He was succeeded by his brother, and then his son Ghazan who converted to Islam and in 1295 changed the state religion. After his reign, and the splitting of the Chagatai Khanate, little mention of Buddhism or the stupas built by the Mongols can be found in Afghanistan and Central Asia.

Timur was a 14th-century warlord of Turco-Mongol descent conqueror of much of Western and central Asia, and founder of the Timurid Empire destroyed Buddhist establishments and raided areas in which Buddhism had flourished.

In Tamilnadu and Kerala, Buddhism survived until 15th to 16th century, as witnessed by the manuscript of the Manjusrimulakalpa. At Nagapattinam, in Tamil Nadu, Buddhist icons were cast and inscribed until this time, and the ruins of the Chudamani Vihara stood until they were destroyed by the Jesuits in 1867.

Please read the following
http://www.nytimes.com/2012/02/14/world/asia/political-turmoil-threatens-archaeological-treasures-in-maldives.html?_r=0

Maldives had been settled by people from the nearest coasts, like the group today known as the Giravaaru. It is unlikely that the Giraavaru islanders were the only early settlers in the Maldives. The Giraavaru people were just one of the island communities predating Buddhism and the arrival of a Northern Kingly dynasty and the establishment of centralized political and administrative institutions. Prince Koimala from India or Sri Lanka entered the Maldives and became the first king from the House of Theemuge. Maldives was settled by successive waves of migration from India and more importantly Sri Lanka, had a vibrant Buddhist and Hindu culture.

The ancient Maldivian Kings promoted Buddhism and the first Maldive writings and artistic achievements in the form of highly developed sculpture and architecture are from that period. The conversion to Islam is mentioned in the ancient edicts written in copper plates from the end of the 12th century AD. Over the centuries, the islands have been visited and their development influenced by sailors and traders from countries on the Arabian Sea and the Bay of Bengal. Until relatively recent times, Mappila pirates from the Malabar Coast harassed the islands.

The Maldives were not always Islamic. Maldives was converted to Islam in the year 1153 AD by Abul Barakat Yoosuf Al Barbary – a Muslim from Maghreb (North Africa) . When Abul Barakat Yoosuf Al Barbary visited the Maldives the reigning king was Sri Tribuvana Aditiya. The first King of the Theemuge dynasty King Sri Mahabarana was his maternal uncle. Sri Tribuvana Aditiya ascended the throne around 1138 AD. After conversion to Islam he adopted the name Muhammed Ibn Abdulla. He sent missionaries to various parts of the Maldives to spread Islam. The first Friday Mosque to be built in Malé and the Dharumavantha Rasgefaanu Miskiy at Malé were commissioned by Sultan Muhammed Ibn Abdulla.

After arrival at Malé Abul Barakat Yoosuf Al Barbary stayed in Maldives for several days. He was a Hafiz, a person who could recite the entire Holy Quran from memory. According to Thangeehu Kurevunu Dhivehi Raajjeyge Thaareekhuge Thanthankolhu (Researched excerpts from the History of the Maldives) the Hafiz succeeded in converting Maldivians to Islam after much effort and endeavour. His first efforts to proselytise did not meet with success. However his relentless perseverance turned out to be a tremendous service to the nation as Maldivians finally embraced Islam. The first convert was the king himself, who was followed by his wives and children and members of the court. After the people embraced the Islamic faith the Buddhist temples and idols were destroyed. Archaeological excavations carried out in Maldives at various times this century confirm the fact that there had been Buddhist temples in Maldives during the 12th century AD..

Even after Maldivians adopted Islam Abul Barakat Yoosuf Al Barbary stayed in the Maldives to teach Islam to the people. He died during the reign of Dharumavantha Rasgefaanu (Muhammed Ibn Abdulla). According to historian Hassan Thaajuddheen, he was laid to rest at the shrine at Medhuziyaaraiy in Malé.

The popular title attributed to Sultan Muhammed Ibn Abdulla, which is Dharumavantha Rasgefaanu implies that the Sultan was a pious and kind-hearted person who was generous, especially to the weak and poor. During his reign he strengthened adherence to the rules and principles of Islam, established laws of governance and destroyed the symbols of Buddhism. It is said that a long time after Abul Barakat Yoosuf Al Barbary’s death, the Sultan left on pilgrimage to Mecca and did not return.

The 16th century saw the colonization of the islands by the Portuguese and the 17 years of Portuguese rule is referred to in Maldive history as the dark night of Portuguese Christian rule.” It is claimed that the seas ran red with blood” as the Portuguese attempted to convert the citizens to Christianity. The return to power of native rulers saw an Islamic revival, the adoption of the Arabic-style script, Thaana, and the visit to the islands of religious scholars who became the chief advisers to the sultans. Under their influence, the Kingship came to be seen as an institution created by Allah and held according to His wishes. Thus, correct religious practice on the part of the king (sultan) was seen as an essential justification of his right to rule and religious scholars were an essential part of the court. The Maldives was fairly unaffected by the British rule (the Raj) in the rest of South Asia and it wasn’t until 1887 that the country became a protectorate” of the British; however, the British did not significantly interfere with the running of the state. Full independence was gained in July 26, 1965.

Until recently, the people of the Maldives practiced a type of folk Islam which was influenced by Buddhism. They recited the Qur’an in the style of Buddhist chanting, the earlier mosques resembled Buddhist temples and the architectural designs of the mosques had a mix of Buddhist and Islamic influences, many Maldivian had had Hindu or Buddhist type names alongside Muslim ones and Dhivehi was written in a Brahmi based scrip[t. Now, the Maldives has been destroyed by these fundamentalist elements and now Maldives is so far gone that it look as it will never return back to its former glory. Had Hinduism and Buddhism still continued to exist in Maldives even after the arrival of Islam and Hindus and Buddhists had been able to coexist peacefully alongside Muslims, then the Maldives would have been a very different place now.

Similar to the Afghan Islamic Taliban’s destruction of the priceless Buddhist and other historic artifacts in 2001, in February 2012, a group of Islamic extremists forced their way into the National Museum in Maldives and attacked the museum’s collection of Pre-Islamic sculptures, destroying or severely damaging nearly the entire collection about thirty Hindu and Buddhist sculptures dating from the 6th to 12th centuries.

The scene took place at the Maldives’ National Museum where the destruction occurred. A group of five men who were a part of an Islamic Extremist group targeted artifacts dating from the Pre-Islamic era in Maldives. Of those destroyed, many Buddhist and Hindu relics were smashed and broken to pieces making them merely unrecognizable. Pieces destroyed, specifically included the Bohomala sculptures, Hanuman statues, and the a sculpture of the Hindu water god, Makara. The two five faced statues from Male were also brutally damaged. This five-faced male was the only remaining archaeological evidence of a Buddhist era in Maldives and it too was destroyed, completely destroying any true history of the country. In addition an 11th century coral stone of the Lord Buddha was also wiped out. The museum staff were emotionally distraught and upset that any evidence of a Buddhist existence in Maldives was completely destroyed and torn down heartlessly. They stated that all their 12th century statues were lost which were made of coral and limestone. There is no way to restore them because they were very brittle and this makes it very difficult to remake, one of the staff members said. The Adhaalath Party, a Maldives Islamic group, who supports the newly elected President Mohamed Waheed, stated that the constitution does not allow idols anywhere in Maldives.

Anyone with such ridiculous levels of intolerance, lack of respect or sensitivity for others are pure scumbags. Such acts are crimes against humanity, in that they should not be considered isolated incidents. They should be considered in conjunction with what happened at Bamiyan, the destruction of medical texts (considered anatomically correct pictures blasphemous) and the fact that humanity itself suffers grave losses due to such acts. This is not the mindset of the humane, these people will not only continue to destroy human cultural heritage, they will attempt to irradicate all aspects of human culture, art, science, religion, past, present and future that doesn’t fit into to their disgraceful, shallow, backward, medieval world view. Worse still, these goals are intended due only through the subjugation of the rest of humanity. The whole of the world should unite against such barbarism, including ESPECIALLY, the moderate muslims of the world in total unison.

Wahhabism has been taking roots in Maldives from the days of Maumoon Abdul Gayoom. Abandoning its tolerant, syncretic brand of Islam, Maldives now moves towards an intolerant Wahhabi society. Recently two Maldives MPs – Dr Afrasheem Ali & Aishath Velezinee – were killed by Wahhabi Jihadists.

Wahhabi” essentially identifies a rather narrow and bigoted interpretation of Islam.

The Wahhabis are
(1) Extremely intolerant of others” who do not share their specific religious beliefs;
(2) Opposed to difference and pluralism;
(3) Against civil rights;
(4) Extremely anti-secular.

To them the sole purpose of the state/politics is to serve their exclusive and bigoted interests.

With the aid of oil revenues and the socialization of returning foreign workers, the Wahhabi distortion of Islam has spread widely in the last thirty years. In the Arab world, in South Asia, and in East Asia, Islamic workers and Islamic institutions have received aid from Saudi Arabian sources (usually private individuals and foundations) that have slowly embedded Wahhabism in many Muslim societies.

The objective of Wahhabism is to revive the ritual and conceptual purity of Islam by seeking to eliminate the inclusion of culturally inspired practices under the rubric of religion. Yet its obsession with what is permissible and what is not has made it and its practitioners extremely intolerant of difference and otherness. This growing intolerance of the other has moved the practitioners of Wahhabism so far from the central peaceful and pluralistic principles of Islam that Wahhabism has become an ugly and ruthless caricature of a faith that, according to its foundational text (The Holy Qur’an), was sent as a mercy to humanity.

When Prophet Muhammad established the first Islamic state in Medina, people of other faiths were free to practice their religions and had the same rights as Muslims in religious as well as political matters. But today in Saudi Arabia, the only Wahhabi state in the world, Christians and Hindus have very few rights and are prohibited from religious practice. They are not even allowed to celebrate their festivals openly. While Wahhabis today continue to fund the construction of mosques in India and in the West, they remain staunchly opposed to the construction of any temple or any church in Saudi Arabia. This is not only intolerant but also hypocritical.

But we must pause before we judge Wahhabism as an Islamic byproduct. Wahhabism is a global condition and not some Islamic initiative unleashed upon the rest of the world. From the world’s oldest democracy to the world’s largest democracy one can see the festering of Wahhabi movements, sowing seeds of hatred, bigotry, and intolerance against others” and seeking to capture the state to make it an instrument of hate.

 

 

BOY FROM CEYLON BECAME A MAN OF THE WORLD

July 3rd, 2014

Life Abroad – Part 86 By Dr. Tilak Fernando

The late Jinadasa Vijayatunga was associated with his first classic, Grass for my feet, an evocation of village life seen through the eyes of his youth and adolescence in his native home Urala. He wrote on a variety of subjects and through a diversity of literary forms ranging from essays, travel, biographies, religion, yoga and reviews.

Impressive journalist

Jinadasa Vijayatunga had a very impressive and an imposing bio data. He worked in London as a journalist attached to the London Times, New York Times, Manchester Guardian, Spectator and the New Statesman. Mr. D.R. Wijewardena appointed him as the first London Correspondent for Lake House during which period Vijayatunga had the glorious opportunity to cover the abdication of Duke of Windsor, as well as George VI and Queen Elizabeth’s Coronation in England.

Tilak0307141

The history behind this great literal personality is quite fascinating, yet equally sorrowful during his final stages of human ‘existence’. I was a student in London at latter stages of his life; I used to contribute articles to Sri Lankan English newspapers as a part time hobby when I was struck by a fascinating feature article in the London Evening Standard (Tabloid) by one of its staff correspondents, Angust McGill, who had written about Jinadasa Vijayatunga, whose ancestry went as far back as Alagiyawanna Mohotti.

Having read the colourful account by Angus McGill about this great personality and the distressing plight he was in at the age of 86, I was naturally tempted to go hammer and tongs in doing some research to find out Vijayatunga’s whereabouts. I became so keen to meet with this eminent character that has had an astounding career, especially being one of the rare Sri Lankans who had been moving with the kings and hobnobbing with so many international prominent personalities.

My first attempt was to contact the editorial section of the Evening Standard which proved to be the right target in my endeavour. Evening Standard editorial staff very kindly furnished me with the telephone number of Angus McGill enabling me to contact Vijayatunga.

Angust McGill was equally cooperative and forthcoming, and furnished me with Vijayatunga’s telephone number and his full postal address in North London. I became impatient and quite excited to meet up with this great Sri Lankan.

When Jinadasa Vijayatunga answered my telephone call for the first time, he sounded extremely friendly, obliging and treated me as a young son and invited me to visit him in his Haringey, North London flat ‘to have a long and a friendly chat’. Certainly he was at the time a loner and he very much looked forward to have human company and personal communication rather than spending his time ‘tap tapping’ at his typewriter continuously!

Face to face

On a bright and warm summer afternoon curiously, and to some extent anxiously, I pressed his flat door bell. I was received with a warm and charming smile. The moment I entered his flat, I was struck by a bout of sorrow by the fact, after reading a lot about him in the Evening Standard, how this great personality had to lead a lonesome life, at the age of 86, confined to four walls in restricted accommodation. It really came as a shock to me to observe the situation of this man who had been moving around in his hay day with the noble, gracious and the righteous in the world!

 

Within seconds of settling down in his sitting room, I could focus on the mountain of papers, books, photocopies and letters from eminent personalities in the world which in itself was eloquent enough to fathom the amount of literal treasure in front of me.

An array of personally autographed and framed pictures from King Mahendra of Nepal, Maharajah of Cashmere with his wife, Pundit Jawaharlal Nehru, Nehru’s younger sister and President and Mrs. J.R. Jayewardene added an extra luster to brighten the walls around him, as much as to this great personality’s past social background.

As I began to relax and be comfortable, he took me quite by surprise by asking me something unexpected: “Your editor-in chief has escaped two bomb attacks”! I was bemused and stuttered, “… You mean Mr. Edmond Ranasinghe….”? A snappy answer came from this veteran journalist: “If you are a ‘journalist’ you must read all the newspapers – Look here! Read this news item in The Times”, and then he passed a copy of the London Times newspaper to me while smiling.

Jinadasa Vijayatunga looked quite fit, healthy, agile and ‘with it’ at the age of 86. Starting a conversation again he, in a manner of speaking, ordered me: “Now, sit down and listen to me – you, of course, would not remember one third of the things you are going to hear from me”! His voice was firm, clear and commanding. I patiently listened with much enthusiasm, paying attention to every word he uttered like an obedient and disciplined student in the presence of a senior teacher.

Past history

Jinadasa Vijayatunga had graduated from Mahinda College in Sri Lanka, and gone to Bombay in 1918 to organise the National Boy Scout movement. In India he had been able make a successful attempt in bringing Muslim, Hindu, Brahmin and the low cast Harijans together.

On his return from India, he had been absorbed into the Ananda College as a relief Lecturer in English. Simultaneously, he got involved in journalistic work and commensed editing of an English monthly magazine called The Librarian.

When S.W.R.D. Bandaranaike returned to Ceylon after completing his studies at Oxford University in Britain, Vijayatunga and SWRD embarked on a quarterly review devoting to Art, Literature, and Politics, which was known as the Island Review.

Jinadasa Vijayatunga explained to me how he helped S.W.R.D. Bandaranaike when he contested against E.A. Gunasinghe during local polls where the latter contested the Maradana seat, and how he tackled the ‘Chandiyas’ at Maradana junction who influenced all the voters in the area. I could see his change of countenance while relating the story how he introduced R.S.S. Gunawardena to SWRD: “You know, he was a teacher at Nalanda College, and it was I who took him to 42, Silversmith Street and introduced him to Bandaranaike – if not for that introduction RSS would have remained a teacher forever, but not as an Ambassador”!

When the illustrious poet Rabindranath Tagore visited Ceylon in 1927, he had met with Jinadasa Vijayatunga and offered him a lecturer’s post at Shanthiniketan to teach English, in the School Department, during which period Indira Gandhi had been a pupil there. Coincidently, at the same time, Lady Daisy Dias Bandaranaike had been very keen that Vijayatunga stayed with her son, SWRD Bandaranaike, in Ceylon. The temptation to take up the Indian appointment was too immense, he said, that finally Vijayatunga accepted Tagore’s offer. While he was attached to Shanthiniketan, Vijayatunga had been promoted to the Board of Examiners of The Calcutta University at latter stages. He had some fascinating stories linking the close bond between him and the Bandaranaike family.

He would start by saying, “Sir Solomon used to come to 42, Silversmith Street from Horagolla, Veyangoda. He was very handsome, tall, impressive and with good features. But SWRD did not inherit any of those, except of course he had that irresistible smile, so no one noticed his broad nose! I would be there daily to read his correspondence and write replies, and also to show him bills et al. SWRD would later sign all the letters”.

“Lady Daisy Dias Bandaranaike lived further up the street with her father Sir Christopher Obeysekera. I used to call on her frequently. When I was about to leave for India to take up the appointment at Shanthiniketan, she wrote to me asking me to stay back in Ceylon with her son and not to go to India. Subsequently, while I was at Shanthiniketan she wrote me another letter where she sounded somewhat melancholic about Sir Solomon’s infidelities ‘again’ with an English woman stating that she was on the verge of a nervous breakdown”!

With a wry smile Vijayatunga told me: ” Sir Solomon had a weakness for English women”!

tilakfernando@gmail.com

To be continued….in 87

UN Security Council-7180th Meeting (AM) Referral of Syria to International Criminal Court Fails

July 3rd, 2014

China , Russian Federation Vote against Text -Courtesy: UN Security Council

Two permanent members cast negative votes in the Security Council preventing the adoption of a draft resolution that would have referred the situation in Syria to the International Criminal Court.

Speaking before that action — which failed to pass by a vote of 13 in favour to 2 against (China, Russian Federation), with no abstentions — Deputy Secretary-General Jan Eliasson recalled that for more than three years, the Council had been unable to agree on measures to bring an end to the brutal war that hurt not only Syrians, but the entire region.  The Syrian people had a fundamental right to justice, and the United Nations had a duty to defend it, he emphasized, warning that if the Council could not agree, the credibility of the entire Organization would continue to suffer.

France’s representative, speaking after the vote, said the draft resolution was not a new proposal.  The text was based on language approved in previous resolutions and sought to find unity on the basis of values shared among Member States.  It appealed to the human conscience and was not a political gesture, he said, stressing that failure to adopt it was an insult to humanity.

The representative of the United States said the draft resolution was about accountability for crimes so extensive and deadly that they had few equals in modern history.  It was also about accountability on the Council’s part.  Recalling that the International Criminal Court had been able to act when extraordinary crimes had been committed in the past, she asked why the Syrian people did not equally deserve international justice.

VITALY CHURKIN ( Russian Federation) said that although he understood the motivations of delegations supporting the draft resolution and shared their emotions, it was difficult to understand France’s motivation since that delegation had been fully aware of the end result of tabling the text draft.  P5” unity had been demonstrated through concrete positive results like resolutions 2118 (2013) on the destruction of Syria’s chemical weapons, or resolution 2139 (2014) on humanitarian issues.  Why deal a blow to the P5 in this case?” he asked, wondering whether it was a way to provoke an armed response against Syria.  Furthermore, it was damaging to the P5 at such a critical point in the search for a political solution.  The recent resignation of the Joint Arab League-United Nations Envoy for Syria should be an opportunity to seek a way to break the impasse, which was exactly what the draft resolution presented by the Russian Federation aimed to do.

Bad peace is better than a good quarrel,” he said, citing a Russian saying in pointing out that the draft resolution proposed by Western colleagues” did not include a list of terrorist organizations, such as the Islamic Front, which led one to wonder whether there was an attempt to change the regime by force.  Such an approach could explain the international community’s failure to reach a negotiated political solution.  Also of note was the absence of any mention of a settlement between the Syrian parties themselves, he noted, saying the Western troika” had dissuaded another round of Geneva talks.  The draft resolution was using the Court to inflame political passions for outside military intervention, he said.

He went on to recall that when the Council had referred the situation in Libya to the Court, that action had resulted only in throwing oil on the fire”.  The Court had not risen to the occasion, evading the most pressing matter of bombardment by North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) forces against civilians.  The United States, while calling for referrals to the Court, was not itself a party to the Rome Statute, while the United Kingdom, although a party, was reluctant to try its own nationals who were fighting as members of armed groups in Syria.  If either country would refer the Iraqi file to the Court, they would demonstrate their opposition to impunity, he said.  Abandon your futile dead-end policy,” he advised other Council members, if they valued Syrian lives, to join his delegation in seeking a political solution.  However, for the delegation of France to call the political process dead” was irresponsible and a betrayal of the Syrian people.

WANG MIN ( China) said that for more than three years, the Syrian people had endured deep suffering while the conflict posed a serious challenge to countries in the region and the whole international community.  China opposed all acts of violence in violation of international humanitarian law or human rights.  However, it had some serious difficulties with the draft resolution.  Any action seeking referral to the International Criminal Court should be based on the premise of respect for the judicial sovereignty of States and the principle of complementarity, he said.  Historically, China had always held reservations about referring situations to the Court.  Although current efforts to seek a political solution were experiencing difficulties, the international community must remain patient.  What was urgently needed was for the Government of Syria and the opposition to agree on an immediate ceasefire and begin a third round of negotiations.  Forcibly referring the situation to the Court in the current environment was neither conducive to building trust nor to the resumption of negotiations in Geneva, he warned.

For some time now, the Council had maintained unity on the question of Syria because members had made efforts to accommodate the major concerns of all sides, he recalled, adding that it should have continued consultations so as to avoid disrupting unity rather than forcibly pushing for a vote.  As for China’s reason for having voted against the draft resolution, he said he had presented his delegation’s point of view based very explicitly on facts.  However, Western countries had made totally unfounded” accusations against China, which it rejected as insults, he said, noting that his country had always upheld an objective and impartial position on the question of Syria and did not pursue any self-interest on the issue.  China had always been committed to a political settlement of the conflict and had worked in a comprehensive and balanced manner to urge all parties involved to seek a middle path.  China was deeply concerned about the humanitarian situation in Syria and attached great importance to the legitimate concerns of all parties.

Syria’s representative said his Government had implemented a series of measures aimed at holding accountable those involved in war crimes and had taken legal action against them.  The National Investigation Committee continued to do its job in parallel with the judiciary, which was looking into thousands of cases.  This confirms the desire and ability of the Syrian Government to achieve justice and denies any pretext to involve any international judicial body that conflicts with the national judiciary’s powers,” he said.  The crisis had unveiled the level of double standards within United Nations mechanisms and their use to target certain Member States in the name of law and justice.  The draft resolution was political, discriminatory, interventionist and aimed at disrupting Syria’s presidential elections, he said.  Tabling the text represented a continuing attempt by some Member States to portray themselves as the custodians of the Syrian people, and contrasted starkly with the Council’s repeated affirmations of its strong commitment to Syria’s sovereignty, independence, unity and territorial integrity, as well as the call for a political solution.

The representatives of Rwanda, United Kingdom, Jordan, Luxembourg, Chile, Australia, Lithuania, Argentina, Chad, and the Republic of Korea also spoke.

Courtesy: UN Security Council

Asian governments must combat hate crime towards minorities and indigenous peoples, says annual survey

July 3rd, 2014

Minority Rights Group International

Thursday 3 July 2014

Hate crime towards minorities and indigenous peoples is a daily reality across Asia but is often ignored by the governments of the region, Minority Rights Group International (MRG) warns in its annual report.

This year’s flagship report, State of the World’s Minorities and Indigenous Peoples 2014, isthemed around ‘Freedom from Hate’ and shows that a worrying trend of vilification and hostility towards minorities and indigenous peoples has spread across the region.

A key aspect of hate crime and hate speech is its invisibility, especially when governments or societies overlook or tolerate entrenched patterns of discrimination against particular communities, says MRG. Across Asia, governments have failed to provide adequate protection to its minority and indigenous populations.

‘Hate crimes have been able to flourish in Asia largely as a result of the complicity or support of politicians who stand to gain from the persecution of minorities,’ says Mark Lattimer, MRG’s Executive Director. ‘Hate speech goes unchallenged and crimes are often under-acknowledged and under-reported, enabling perpetrators to operate with impunity.’

Many Asian countries do not have hate speech laws, instead relying on blasphemy and criminal defamation legislation, which are more commonly used to silence political dissent than to protect victims of abuse.

Minority and indigenous communities in South Asia were feeling the effects of political transition in 2013. In India – where 26 sitting legislators have past charges of hate speech — the use of inflammatory language increased ahead of this year’s general elections. Research undertaken on behalf of MRG exposed the role played by political parties in encouraging anti-Muslim violence in Uttar Pradesh last September.

In January, Bangladesh also held national elections amid violent protests and popular anger over the proceedings of the International Crimes Tribunal, which saw attacks on Hindu minorities in the Muslim-majority country. Pakistan is witnessing a surge in violence against its Shi’a and Hazara communities, despite undergoing its first-ever transition of power between two democratically elected governments.

In Sri Lanka, Buddhist nationalists are conducting an increasingly vocal hate campaign against the country’s Muslim minority, including calling on people to boycott halal food and Muslim-owned businesses. The government has done little to stop them.

Hate crimes send a message not only to the individuals targeted, but also to their communities. This is especially evident in gender-based violence against minority and indigenous women, with rape and sexual assault employed as a weapon of war or an instrument of oppression to fragment and humiliate entire civilian populations, warns MRG.

In July 2013, a Dalit woman in Nepal who reported her attempted rape by an upper-caste man was covered in soot and garlanded with shoes by a mob of 60 people, with the assault videotaped and uploaded onto YouTube.

In Southeast Asia, minorities were used as scapegoats to advance xenophobic political agendas, culminating in attacks on communities viewed as ‘foreign’ in several countries. In Cambodia, anti-Vietnamese invective was used by the opposition party in a bid to discredit Prime Minister Hun Sen, while ‘yellow shirt’ protesters in Thailand whipped up anti-Cambodian sentiments.

In Malaysia, Prime Minister Najib Razak blamed a ‘Chinese tsunami’ for the electoral losses he suffered in May 2013, aggravating ethnic tensions in the diverse Muslim-majority country.

But it was in Burma, where a slow process of reform has opened up some degree of free expression, that the situation for minorities was arguably most acute. In addition to reports of ongoing military abuses against ethnic minorities, a large number of Muslims, including the stateless Rohingya, were killed or displaced during the year by Buddhist vigilantes.

‘Normalised discrimination and hate speech lead inexorably to violence towards minorities and indigenous peoples,’ added Lattimer. ‘That is why it is imperative for countries to curb the use of demeaning or inflammatory language in political discourse, sermons, the media and online.’

In Australia, hostile rhetoric against refugees and asylum seekers in the media and among politicians has driven increasingly negative popular attitudes towards these groups and harsher policies of containment, including offshore processing centres.

While this year’s report documents disturbing levels of violence and propaganda targeting minorities and indigenous peoples in Asia, it also includes many examples of how hatred is being countered by legislators, politicians, journalists, and local communities.

Indian Dalit Buddhist Leader Ramdas Athawale elected as Rajya Sabha MP

July 3rd, 2014

Ven. BD Dipananda Buddhistdoor International

Aprominent Dalit leader andVice-President of the World Fellowship of Buddhists in India was recently elected to the Rajya Sabha, the Indian Upper House of Parliament, from the Bharatiya Janata Party’s (BJP) quota.

Ramdas Athawale represents Maharashtra state as a nominee of the BJP. He was also a member of the 14th Lok Sabha, The House of the People, and represented the Pandharpur constituency of Maharashtra and still serving as the President of the Republican Party of India (Athawale).

Ramdas Athawale was inspired by the dream of Dr. Ambedkar, who worked tirelessly for theDalit community. One ofAmbedkar’s followers is Ms Mayawati, Ex-Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh and Supremo of the Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP). However,in other states like Maharashtra, the status of Dalits continues to make very slow progress. Like Ms Mayawati, Ramdas Athawale has taken a political position to serve the interests of Dalits, who make up10% of the population, in Maharashtra.  Currently, he has kept the Dalit leadership at an arm’s length from the BJP and the Shiv Sena, the two political parties which areconsidered to be Hindu revivalist parties in India.

Asa Buddhist Dalit, Ramdas advocates promoting Buddhism throughout India. On May 27, 2007, thousands of Dalits and other tribal members converted to Buddhism at a massive gathering in Mumbai to escape the oppressive and stratified Hindu caste system. In this act ofconversion, Ramdas sees himself asfulfilling Ambedkar’s true legacy. Hesaid, The function was a dream come true for Ambedkar’s followers. After the tremendous success of the Buddha ‘dhamma deeksha’ function on October 14, 1956, Ambedkar had planned a similar programme at Mumbai’s Race Course grounds on December 16, 1956. Ambedkar died on December sixth [sic] and the function could not be held.”

He has hosted different Buddhist events in India.  Last Vesak Day on May 13, 2014, he issued a statement: The whole world needs peace. If humanity has to progress, ahimsa has to be followed. World doesn’t want Yuddha but they want the Buddha”. Aant, Deep, Bhav and Buddha’s Panchseel Marg is the only way to progress in life. Dr. Baba Saheb Ambedkar has accepted Buddhism for the larger humans’ betterment. I wish all the Indians and humans to follow the path of Satya, Pradnya, Ahimsa and Karuna on the occasion of Buddha Poornima.”

Buddhists have been trying to assert control over Mahabodhi Temple, the most sacred Buddhist site, at Bodh Gaya in India. Ramdas Athawale came out in support of monks making such ademand in 2008: We strongly favor Buddhist control over the management of the Mahabodhi temple and to ensure it we seek an amendment to the Mahabodhi Temple Management Act, 1949.” He also said I urged the Bihar government to initiate the process for an amendment to the law.” According to the law, the Bodh Gaya Temple Management Committee (BGTMC) should comprise four Buddhists and the same number of Hindu members for a three-year period with the Gaya district magistrate as its ex-officio chairman and the mahant or the presiding priest of the Sankaracharya Math (Saivite monastery in Bodh Gaya) as ex-officio Hindu member.

Ramdas Athawale also visited Sri Lanka as part of an eight member Indian Buddhist delegation and met President Mahinda Rajapakse at the President’s House in Kandy on February 22, 2013. The purpose of the visit was to strengthen ties between the Buddhists of the two countries and bring India and Sri Lanka closer to each other through the historical and cultural links of Buddhism.

 

Iraq crisis: divide-and-rule in defence of a neoliberal political economy

July 3rd, 2014

Ali Al-Jaberi 1 July 2014  Courtesy openDemocracy.net

The roots of the most recent crisis in Iraq can be traced to the US-led invasion of 2003 and western meddling in Syria. At stake, is the neoliberal blueprint of post-invasion Iraq, now defended in an effort coordinated between the Baghdad government and its western backers.

Bremer and Rumsfeld chat over some light refreshments, 2003. Wikimedia Commons. Public Domain.
Bremer and Rumsfeld chat over some light refreshments, 2003. Wikimedia Commons. Public Domain.

What today is ISIS, the self-proclaimed Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIS), was founded as an Al-Qaida´s franchise in Iraq in direct response to the US-led invasion. The group thrived in the security vacuum the invaders created by dismantling the Iraqi security apparatus. At the time, Amnesty International criticized the US for not sufficiently investing in the security of civilians, while guarding oil fields around the clock. Needless to say, oil was the primary motive behind the invasion.

Dismantling Iraq´s security infrastructure entailed the dismissal of over 400.000 soldiers and intelligence personnel. With one stroke of the pen, Paul Bremer, who headed the occupation forces in Iraq, granted jihadi groups the ultimate recruitment ground: an ´army´ of jobless men who know their way around weapons. It was only a matter of time before various armed groups were rampaging through the country. Among those, the Islamic State of Iraq, ISIS before expanding to Syria, won most infamy for targeting Shia.

Then, as now, western designs for Iraq were at the root of the sectarian logic of the violence. From his office in one of Saddam´s former palaces, Bremer issued his first ´order´, which banned all public sector employees affiliated with Saddam´s Bath party from current and future employment by government, including a majority who had party membership forced upon them.

Although victimized like all other groups, Sunnis were favoured by the Saddam regime and thus disproportionately targeted by ´de-Bathification´. In fact, according to the International Crisis Group (ICG), a Brussels-based think tank, Sunni Arabs were ¨treated (…) as representatives of an oppressive state structure in need of dismantling¨ which ¨sent the message that de-Bathification was tantamount to de-Sunnification.¨

Even when disregarding Bremer´s first order, post-Saddam Iraq was sectarian by design. As ICG explains, the US ¨enforced stringent security measures in Sunni-populated areas, even those traditionally hostile to the former regime¨ and built a political system ¨along ethnic and sectarian lines, making clear that Sunni Arabs would be relegated to a minor role¨.

In doing so, the US essentially reproduced the British colonial legacy of ruling Iraq by sectarian division, with predictable outcomes. Although useful allies are co-opted regardless of sect, consecutive Shia majority governments have divided public position and resources on an ethno-sectarian basis. Meanwhile, elastic de-Bathification laws continue to deprive many Sunni families from employment and pensions, while equally flexible ´anti-terrorism´ laws are used to eliminate political opponents of the establishment, including key figures in the Sunni community.

Against this backdrop, peaceful protests were staged in Sunni-majority areas in 2012 following the arrest of bodyguards working for Rafi Al-Issawi, a prominent Sunni politician. The protesters consisted primarily of ordinary people demanding decent living conditions and an end to Sunni exclusion by the government as well as political factions, ranging from militants to those seeking concessions from Baghdad.

The government responded violently. Four months after the demonstrations started, a protest camp in Hawija (Kirkuk province) was raided leaving dozens dead and over 100 wounded. Violence escalated, empowering militant groups, primarily ISIS. Soon, sectarian hostilities soared to levels unseen since the height of the US-occupation, reaching a monthly death toll of approximately 1000 by January this year.

The recent meteoric ascent of ISIS in Iraq, having been largely contained by around 2010, is closely tied to its newly acquired position in Syria. There, it has trained fresh fighters, amassed advanced weapons and found new financial resources to an extent unimaginable without de facto western support.

ISIS troops have reportedly received training from US instructors at a secret base in Jordan. At the Turkish border with Syria, NATO–represented by Germany, the US and the Netherlands–deployed patriot missiles and 1200 troops, prompting any Syrian pilot to think twice before venturing within NATO´s reach in northern Syria, the location of the main ISIS strongholds. The US has knowingly contributed to shipments of weapons most of which have been delivered to jihadi hardliners fighting Bashar Al-Assad.

But when ISIS took control over large swathes of territory in western Iraq, the US administration quickly sent Apache helicopters, drones and hell-fire missiles to the embattled Iraqi regime it had once installed. Targeting Al-Assad is fine, but turning your weapons against a US ally is a different matter altogether. It appears one man´s freedom fighter can be the same man´s terrorist.

For much the same reason, New York, London and Paris newspapers devoted their headlines to ISIS when it reemerged in Iraq, but were largely silent when the same ‘terrorist liberators’ were committing gruesome atrocities in Syria, ranging from summary executions of civilians, to imposing misogynist laws and the recruitment of child soldiers.

Likewise, atrocities committed by the Iraqi army while fighting terrorism” are generally withheld from mainstream media audiences. When ISIS troops raised their black-and-white banners in Fallujah, the city was indiscriminately shelled by the US-armed Iraqi forces. The newly obtained hellfire missiles killed unarmed civilians, including children. With this in mind, some 500,000 people fled from Mosul after it was seized by ISIS, more out of fear of the Government´s response than jihadi extremism.

The success of a few thousand ISIS troops facing a US-backed army, is dependent upon the support of Iraqi Sunni fighters and at least some tolerance by the civilian population. Further alienated by recent government violence and in some cases out of sheer self-defence against indiscriminate cruelty, a significant section of the Sunni community has felt compelled to strike a Faustian bargain with ISIS against the central government. More than just a jihadi exploit, the advance of ISIS thus represents widespread popular opposition to the ruling elite after peaceful resistance was thwarted.

Mainstream reporting is all but entirely oblivious of the above, reducing the whole affair to purported ´ancient hatreds´ between Shia and Sunnis. It should be common sense, however, that sectarianism, in Iraq and elsewhere, is an elite-constructed vehicle to channel popular dissent in a manner that maintains the status quo. In the case of Iraq, this amounts to preserving western interests at the cost of the common people.

The protesters in Tikrit and Anbar were demanding an end to corruption, poverty, unemployment and shortages of water and electricity. These grievances are at the root of popular dissatisfaction and by extension the advance of ISIS. Though articulated in sectarian language, they target the very economic architecture of post-invasion Iraq.

Under military occupation, Bremer´s infamous orders transformed Iraq into a neoliberal, free-market paradise. Order number 39 for example, allowed the unrestricted, tax-free export of profits by corporations and granted them 40-years ownership licenses. Order number 12 lifted all protection of Iraqi industries.

In exclusive hotels, public firms were auctioned at fire-sales prizes to foreign investors and the newly-arrived pro-US elite.  Most importantly, Iraqi oil has been all but privatized and is exploited by multinational corporations without parliamentary approval. The lion’s share of profits accrues to western oil giants.

From a US perspective, it does not matter who is the president of Iraq as long as the current arrangement is maintained. This is why it may be advantageous for the US to replace Maliki with another ‘manager’.

The consequences of neoliberalism in the Third World are well-known. Multinationals virtually own the economy, sharing part of it with a local elite that ensures the continuation of neoliberal policies. The crumbs that fall off their dinner table are then tossed to the population, which translates into the grievances of, for instance, the protestors in western Iraq.

Of course, there is nothing ´Sunni´ about such grievances, which torment all ordinary Iraqis and have incited them regularly. This explains why several Shia leaders publicly supported the Sunni majority protests. The habitual response of the ruling elite, however, was to recast the protests as an existential threat to the Shia, to the detriment of inter-sectarian class-solidarity. The chances of a united anti-establishment movement, potentially threatening the current order Iraq, further declined.

In this context, the central government exaggerated the ‘terror’ threat, opting for an iron fist instead of genuine security measures. For example, before the elections, Fallujah was willing ¨to evict the jihadis if guaranteed it would not face regime attacks¨. But the Prime Minister did not order his troops to retreat for he had, ¨staked his re-election on an anti-terrorism campaign with a crude sectarian cast¨, says ICG.

Apart from deepening sectarian divides, the above has rallied the Shia behind a status quo government, to the advantage of Maliki and his foreign backers, who, unsurprisingly, share his ‘terror is upon us’ discourse. Even members of the Sadrist movement, the most potent and popular anti-establishment force in the Shia community, are now volunteering to fight alongside government troops, unwittingly defending their own poverty.

Meanwhile, mainstream western media continue to reduce the crisis to ´Arab-looking´ men wielding beards and Kalashnikovs and spreading terror in a sectarian quagmire. This orientalist frame conveniently obscures what lies behind the turmoil, rendering terror and sectarian violence a ‘natural’ phenomenon to the Arab world, entirely detached from western involvement. And so, while Iraqis, who are massacred by the thousands, are portrayed as sectarian fanatics, western military superpowers can plead innocent once again.

Modi Leadership: India tells Tamil Nadu it has no fishing rights around Katchatheevu Sri Lanka

July 2nd, 2014

Shenali D Waduge

 Straightforward leadership has been lacking in politics and by politicians. Narendra Modi has shown he is a different and ushering a new era and new style. We commend the recent directive of Narendra Modi.

In what should be heralded as the correct leadership the Central Government has taken foreign policy and decision making under its control. India’s Centre has correctly informed the Madras High Court that

  1. Sri Lanka has sovereignty over the islet of Katchchetivu
  2. Indian fishermen have no rights to fish in that region.
  3. Indian fishermen can have access to the Katchchetivu islet only to dry their nets or to go on Catholic pilgrimage (this right did not cover fishing rights for Indian fishermen)

This was India upholding the texts of the International Maritime Boundary Agreement between India and Sri Lanka signed in 1974 and subsequent agreement in 1976.

India has made quite clear too that there is no question of ceding Indian territory because the territory did not belong to India. The 1974 agreement only demarcated boundary between India and Sri Lanka from Palk Strait to Adam’s Bridge.

What Modi has through his new administrative apparatus has shown is that Indian States need to now realize that their focus is on their State and not on international affairs. This is where Congress erred in allowing Tamil Nadu to dictate how India ran its relations with Sri Lanka or at least externally showcased that for petty political gain.

Modi has shown his no-nonsense attitude and put to rest an issue that has been dragging unnecessarily for years.

What people of both sides have failed to place on the discussion table is the environmental impact resulting from methodologies used for fishing in particular by Tamil Nadu fishermen. Bottom trawling is what resulted in India losing its fish as well as ruining its coastal maritime bed. These same fishermen were using bottom trawlers around Katchchcetivu that would have if not addressed in time resulted in Sri Lanka’s maritime bed falling to ruin as well. With fish on both sides unable to grow what would that mean for the fishermen – no livelihood and that would lead to greater troubles for each government.

It is on this ground in particular that Mr. Modi’s clear directive through the Central Government of India has to be applauded.

With the world and Sri Lanka keeping a watchful eye on Modi’s leadership style and leadership both internally and externally especially with nations like Sri Lanka, where Congress has ruined and fostered enmity, we sincerely hope that Modi would always do what is right and in the interest of Asia and Asian politics while also hoping that Sri Lanka’s leaders also follow the same line of straightforward leadership too.

Though digressing from the subject and for the benefit of readers it is also good to point out some of Modi’s noteworthy traits. When anyone does good it is only right that we applaud these gestures just as we point out the wrongs. Leaders doomed as those who do not take advice or take advice from the wrong set of people who give wrong advice.

Modi’s directives to MPs included :

Be regular, speak well, stop touching feet”

do your homework” – study the subject under MPs purview

make use of social media’ – The White House has been unable to compete with Modi’s twitter

Spread good governance”

MPs given directive to not speak to media out of turn”

BJP will now allow dynasty politics” – in a bid to dismantle family politics, Modi has asked MP to remove his father from post given. No family members are to be appointed as personal staff.

MPs must concentrate on work not blamegame”

MPs asked not to voice their differences in public and function as a family” – To be a Member of Parliament is an important thing and one must look at it seriously. Remember, people are observing your performance not only in the House but even outside. 

Modi asked party MPs to develop a sense of mission towards their duties and asked them to study in order to have deeper understanding of various subjects. 

Raise issues of your own area or constituency with the media; do not act as a spokesperson of the party.

Hindi to be given rightful place in India” Modi declared that all official documents must be written in Hindi

If there is a paradigm shift in India’s leadership it must be matched by the same qualities among SAARC leaders.

Is that which happened in Aluthgama-Beruwala a coming back of the Ghosts of the Past ?

July 2nd, 2014

By Charles.S.Perera

It was still a British Colony called Ceylon. There were two Muslim Communities, one the Mohammadan Communities which Consisted of those who had settled down in Sri Lanka for Centuries and  learnt the necessity of living in peace with the  Sinhala respecting their religious observances,  and the other the Hambayas”,  immigrants from the East Coast of South India.  They were not permanent settlers and did not intermarry from other Mohammadan Communities in Sri Lanka.  They were there strictly for trade.  The prosperous Hambayas rebuilt and enlarged the Mosques in Gampola and Kandy for the Mohammadan Communities.

The British Colonial rulers could not  eliminate or reduced to a minimum significance the native Sinhala people,  as they did with the indigenous population in  Canada, Australia and New Zealand,  and the American immigrants did in USA with the native Indians.

In 1912 in the British Colonial Ceylon the Buddhists were preparing to celebrate their Buddhist Esala Perahera in August, 1912,  conducting the procession through all the streets of Kandy.  The Hambayas informed the Police that they objected to the Esala Perahera of the Sinhala Buddhists passing past their newly built Mosque with the beating of drums, the blowing of  horns, and the cheering of the crowds. 

The Government Agent Mr.Saxton ordered the police to mark off the area of the Mosque, and inform the Basnayake Nilame of the Buddhist Temple that in conducting  the Esala Perahera through the streets no drums or other musical instruments should be played when going past the Hambayas’mosque indicated by the sign posts.  Surprised by this unexpected turn of event, the trustees of the Temple stopped all preparations for the conduct of the perahera, and complained to the District Court that the order of the Government Agent is against the  Convention of 1815. 

The DJ  of Kandy Paul E.Peiris ruled that the Order of the Government Agent was against the Convention and the Temple has the right to conduct the procession with elephants, playing drums and other musical instruments even in the streets where the Mosque had been built.  The Government Agent  through the Attorney General appealed against the judgement of the DJ. The Supreme court heard the case.

On the 15 January,1915, during the period before the Judgement of the Supreme Court was delivered, a Buddhist procession carrying a statue of a Buddha was going past a Muslim school improvised as a Mosque in Telliagamuwa village where the majority of the inhabitants were Mohammadans.  The Mohammadans attacked the Buddhists and damaged the Statue.  The Kurunegala police arrested 14 Mohammadans  and produced them before the Police Magistrate charged with rioting and being members of an unlawful assembly.  Further hearing was fixed for the 2 February, 1915.

However, on the 2 February,1915 the Supreme Court consisting of Judges Shaw and Sampayo delivered its judgment reversing the Order of the DJ Paul E.Peiris, in favour of the plaintiffs the Hambayas, and pronounced the  Convention is controlled and varied by the Police and Local Boards Ordinance.  The Buddhist were in despair and cried out, …. Who has ever opposed us in our Kandyan Provinces except the newly arrived Hambayas ? ”

In the meantime the Sinhala Buddhists were preparing to Celebrate another great even the Wesak the  anniversary of the Birth, Enlightenment and the Parinibbana of the Great Buddha which fell on the 28 May, 1915.  The organisers of Wesak celebrations applied to the Government Agent for the usual licence for the Buddhist Carol Procession.  But the  Hambayas objected to the issue  of the licence.  The Government Agent having ascertained from Hambayas that the their Castle Hill  Street Mosque will be closed at midnight on the 28th May, issued the licence on condition that the procession will not enter the Castle Hill Street before 12 Midnight.

At about  1 a.m the first procession with musicians in a decorated Carol Cart turned from king Street to the Castle Hill Street.  But the Mosque was open and  lit up with crowds of Hambayas , Mohammadans and Afghans standing on either side of the Street.  Inspector Cooray observing the defiance of the Mohammadans  stopped the procession going forward in to the Castle Hill street and turned it into a cross street to avoid the Mosque altogether.  The Carol party obediently turned to the Cross street. The Mohammadans then started clapping hands, and jeering . At that moment the Second Cart with musicians came and proceeded into the Castle Hill Street, then the first cart that had turned to the Cross Street followed the second cart into the Castle Hill Street.

In the meantime in Gampola the Hambayas attacked a Buddhist procession .  In Kandy a Sinhala youth of 18 years was murdered by the Mohammadans  under the indifferent eyes of the Police.  The Sinhala Buddhists were afraid that the Mohammadans would attack the Temple of the Tooth.  The Sinhala people came from villages and gathered in Kandy to protect the Temple of the Tooth.

http://fr.scribd.com/doc/207759720/Riots-and-Martial-Law-in-Ceylon-1915

Alarmed by what they interpreted as a revolt against British rule, the authorities proclaimed Martial Law on June 2nd, and for three months the innocent Sinhala Buddhists were ground beneath an iron heel as ruthless as any which marched to the battlefields of distant Europe. Influential persons were arrested without a scrap of evidence against them, public servants were dismissed, and civilians tried by Courts Martial after the cessation of the riots, while the ordinary Courts of Justice were sitting uninterruptedly.”

Anagarika Dharmapala was a voice that aroused the patriotism of the Sinhala Buddhists. He  had the good fortune to be in India at the time of the Mohammadan –Sinhala riots, if not he would certainly have been arrested and shot, as his frequent visits to Japan and his efforts to regain the Buddha Gaya Temple had already made him an object of suspicion. Determined to wreak vengeance on the Hewavitarane family, the authorities arrested the Anagarika’s younger brother Edmund, tried him by Court Martial for treason, found him guilty and sentenced him to penal servitude for life. He contracted enteric fever owing to the unsanitary condition of the jail in which he was confined, and before the end of the year he was dead .”

 On Thursday, 12 June,2014, it was the Poson Poya a sacred day for the Buddhists.  Venerable Ayagama Samitha Thera  of the Kurunduwatte Sri Wijayaramaya was being driven in a vehicle to Pathiragoda Temple to deliver a sermon through Durga town. It was a narrow road, there was a motor cycle and a three wheeler stopped on the middle of the road.  The driver of the vehicle taking Venerable Samith Thero tooted the horn of his vehicle to give notice of his vehicle and asked the driver of the three wheeler and the motor cyclist to make way for him to proceed. The Muslim youths the owner of the motor cycle and the driver of  the three wheeler  then started shouting back , and pulled the driver of the vehicle  taking the priest, out of the vehicle and hit him , the priest then got out hoping to help his driver, then the Muslim youth beat the  Venerable Samitha thera.”  The other Muslims in the area had come to their rescue.   That was the beginning of what happened that Poson Poya day in Durga Town.

 Of course there could be various versions of it, and denials. Hambayas also had their supporters, and the Colonial police turned their heads away. Hambayas had recruited Afghans to defend themselves against the Sinhala Buddhists.   There are  already different version to inculpate Bodu Bala Sena for what happened on the 12 June,2014.  Hamabayas are not there now but may be others like them are infiltrating into Sri Lanka. Profiting from the situation the opposition to government invent their own versions. They say the people had been transported from out side.

 There is nothing surprising in  what happened in 1915 as Sri Lanka was then under colonial rule, what is happening now is under a National Government of our own which seeks unity amoung different communities. 

 Then we had Venerable  Megettuwatte  Gunananda thero, who was ready to raise his voice against the enemies of Buddhism and the Sinhala Culture.  He was not denounced by the Americans as they do today to  Venerable Galagoda Atthe Gnanasara thero.  

 When Venerable Megettuwatte Gnananda Thero spoke out  against the British Missionaries he was heard by a great philanthropist and a man of wisdom in America Colonel  Henry Steel Olcott, who came to Sri Lanka with his friend Mme Blavatsky of Russian origin accepted  Buddhism.  What a difference from America of to-day ?

 Colonel Steel Olcott and Mme Blavatsky became a great strength to the Sinhala patriots to  stop  the Christian Colonial trap of converting the natives to their religion to make them reliable servants of the of the British Crown.  Colonel Olcott opened 300 Buddhist Schools in different parts of Sri Lanka to bring back the prestige of the Buddhist heritage of Sri Lanka and impart education to the Sinhala Buddhists in Buddhist Schools.

 Anagarika Dhammapala was influenced by this great American Olcott and  his friend Mme Blavatsky.  Anagarika Dhammapla saw the necessity to awaken the Sinhala Buddhists from their lethargy and meek acceptance of their lot under the British Missionary influence.  He used strong language to make people stop and take stock of the situation of Buddhism and the Sinhala people. Venerable Galagoda Atthe Gnanasara thero  uses stronger language perhaps appropriate as we have lot more dangerous people now in Sri Lanka,  than the Hambayas of those days.

 We also had  the great patriotic poet who came from outside, Venerable Tibet Jathika S.Mahinda thera from Sikkim in India.  He wrote powerful lyrics to awaken the Buddhists. He is venerated as a great patriot of Sri Lanka.  He also spoke to  Sinhala Buddhists in strong words like Galagoda Atthe Gnanasara thero speaks to the sleeping Buddhists to awaken them and warn them of the dangers against Buddhism and Buddhist Culture.

 Later on Catholic Church started their own conversions to destroy Buddhism and we had   L.H.Mettananda who fearlessly came forward to point out the dangers of Catholic action in Sri Lanka, and spoke out to make the people aware of the danger to Buddhism, and the Buddhist Culture.

 Buddhism and the Sinhala Buddhists were constantly under attack either by the Muslims, or by the Christians, and there were  always great patriots who came forward to save the Country, the Sinhala Buddhists, and Buddhism.  When the Tamil terrorists were almost ready to divide Sri Lanka we had  great patriots from the South Mahinda and Gotabhaya Rajapaksas who under all odds eliminated that disastrous  monster.  But we are still  not free from danger.  The USA and its allies have  made it their objective to destroy the development  of Sri Lanka into a prosperous peaceful country. The Tamils and Muslims are knowingly or unknowingly in partnership with  USA and  its allies to weaken the present Government and its leadership and put in place a puppet government to carry out its political agenda, to push back China and Russia seeking unchallenged global leadership.

 The enemies of Sri Lanka are now pointing their fingers of accusation against Champika Ranawaka and Gotabhaya Rajapakse who are following in the steps of our great patriots to awaken the Sinhala Buddhists and warn them of the return of the ghost of the past, now more dangerous with the USA and the West to back them.  Navi Pillai is one of their tools to implicate our patriotic leaders,  and soldiers who gave their lives to bring peace to this country and gave a new lease of Life to the Sinhala Buddhists.

 Sinhala, Tamil and Muslims owe their freedom to move about and speak freely against the government to the President Mahinda Rajapakse, Gotabhaya Rajapakse and the Armed Forces.  We also owe much to Bodu Bala Sena, and Champika Ranawaka for speaking to the Sinhala Buddhists as they do to awaken them and make them aware of lurking  dangers.  

 They are doing that service to the Muslims as well as the ordinary Muslims are not aware of the dangers from political Muslims coming from outside.  Let us unite as a nation not accusing each other but by  getting  together to discus to find ways to keep away dangers clouding the Unity of the Communities in Sri Lanka.

Hate Crimes against Muslims in the West – Silence of Mass Media and Human Rights Organizations

July 2nd, 2014

Shenali D Waduge

In what is clearly double speak and hypocrisy the US asks Sri Lanka to protect the minorities while in the US hate crimes has jumped to over 50%. The statistics itself are appalling. The term Islamophobia itself was coined probably by the West in an overall plan that cannot omit drawing a link and partnership with West to Islamic fundamentalists in their common objective that has little concern for the victims even if they are Islamic adherents following them because of their allegiance to Islam. This aspect cannot be ignored and needs to be one of the key components in any discussions that centres around the topic of extremism and intolerance vis a vis the Muslim factor.

There is little doubt of a historic partnership between western powers and political Islam used to dominate the strategically vital Middle East by creating and unleashing Islamic fundamentalists. It is a pity that Muslims have fallen prey and not understood the real politik of this plot.

There is little that CIA, Pentagon can deny of its links to supporting Al Qaeda, Muslim Brotherhood, Khomeni, Afghan Jihadists and other radical Islam groups while pretending to be at war with them and using Western media to denigrate Muslims globally. Muslims who have fallen for Islam’s teachings through madrassas programmed to instill in them a brand of Islam to take up arms and fight have been pawns in the hands of mullahs working from the pocket of the West. These radical Muslims are the West’s bosom buddies because every Government that makes money from war chests are people who have no love for people, nation, religion or even sustaining planet earth. They see dollars and dollars and dollars only.

There has to be more reasons to why a religion worshipping Allah would have differences large and strong enough to take up arms against each other. There has to be reasons why Islamic nations would tie up with West to agree to develop opposition against a fellow Islamic nation. There has to be reasons for new Islamic ‘irritants’ that Muslims are being forced to adhere to on the pretext and assumption that it is part of Islam. We can label these irritants as halal, halal logos/labels, open animal sacrifice, loud speakers at mosques that have been purposely built close to places of non-Muslim religious sites, new identity portrayed through Arab dress code for men, women and even children etc. There is a strong belief that these irritants are been purposely promoted to create the much wanted disharmony while on the surface the US envoys can preach ‘tolerance’ for minorities that lead to UN Resolutions and thereafter ‘intervention’ of a kind suited to the Western agenda.

While the US preaches ‘tolerance’ in countries where probably it has been the root cause for that intolerance, in the US, hate crimes soars.

  • According to the FBI Hate Crime Statistics Report, there were a total of 8152 hate crimes reported around the country. 4368 (53.6%) were racial bias motivated; 1483 (18.2%) were religious bias motivated; sexual orientation bias accounted for 1330 (16.3%); ethnicity/national origin bias was the cause of 927 (11.4%); disability bias was connected with 36 (0.4%); and the remaining 8 incidents (0.1%) were the result of multiple biases.
  • Victims perceived that over half (51%) of hate crimes were motivated by ethnicity bias in 2012, which was higher than the percentage in 2011 (30%) and 2004 (22%).
  • The percentage of hate crimes motivated by religious bias nearly tripled from 10% in 2004 to 28% in 2012, while the percentage of hate crimes motivated by gender bias more than doubled from 12% to 26% during the same period.
  • In 2011, anti-Muslim hate crimes reported numbered 157 though the unreported number may be much higher.
  • According to the FBI, anti-Islamic incidents were the second least reported hate crimes prior to 9/11, but following 9/11, they became the second highest reported among religion-bias incidents. From pre-9/11 to post-9/11, a growth of 1600% took place.
  • We are well aware of how the UK destroyed 700 mosques
  • It is not only in the US, In Canadian anti-Muslim sentiment is rising, disturbing new poll reveals – http://www.macleans.ca/politics/land-of-intolerance
  • While Anti-Islam sentiment has become the majority view in Europe so much so that the European Court of Human Rights has upheld a full ban on face veils citing national security concerns.

There is also an uncanny way that the West has found it easy to create a problem and quickly bring in legislation that curbs the rights of people and gags them from making opposition.

Thus, we have hate crimes and so there are now hate laws. We are made to believe that hate crime laws are meant to deter haters from striking out and to demonstrate that authorities mean business on hate crimes. So how many of these offenders actually read hate law legislation to fear the penalty? If one takes a good look at some of the cases of mass shooting in public in the US and Europe most of the killers were mentally ill.

With a War on Terror on and US claiming to be masters at catching terrorists, is it not surprising that with each day not only are terrorist organizations rising they are finding arms and ammunition supply easily as well as taking control of countries very much in the Western sphere of interest. Put two and two together and it is not hard to conclude that there has to be a connection between the world’s terror outfits and the West.

The latest drama is the ISIS claiming to destroy the Kabba in Mecca and take over the city of Arar. There has to be something more to who controls Muslims killing each other for difference of cognition and therein lies the answer to the question of peaceful co-existence if such is the nature of people. We cannot rule out who can be responsible for the mischief taking place though we need to also add that just as the bribe giver is guilty so to is the bribe taker. Therefore, though we blame the West what needs to be categorically said is that the catastrophes taking place round the world has inherently some link to the religious text and its interpretation for it is based on these interpretations that followers of the various fundamentalist groups have emerged. Therefore, there is much need for introspection. According to John L. Esposito, Professor of Religion and International Affairs and of Islamic Studies at Georgetown University, “ISIS is capable of doing anything. Saudis will repent one day for having  supported Islamic terrorism all over the globe” 

Let us not forget that the CIA overthrew a democratically elected Iranian leader in 1953 and put the Shah in power, CIA funded ayatollahs, and began to use Islam for its own advantage. The intellectual Muslims failed to rise and educate their people not to fall prey. The Muslim youth have become guinea pigs of the West’s geopolitical agendas and they have not cared that these brainwashed men let loose around the world, trained in arms and with no focus except to kill may end up on their home turfs as we are seeing how annoyed the British are of late.

Those still in doubt of America’s links to political Islam need to read up on CIA spending billions to support the Jihadists in Afghanistan, how US is currently covertly aiding terrorists to create a civil war in Syria in a bid to overthrow its President and take over the country.

CIA is alleged to have helped Muslim Brotherhood infiltrate the West. Muslim Brotherhood fronts in the US are: http://www.newenglishreview.org/Jerry_Gordon/How_the_CIA_Helped_The_Muslim_Brotherhood_Infiltrate_the_West/

  • Council of American Islamic Relations;
  • Islamic Society of North America;
  • Islamic Circle of North America;
  • Muslim Students Association;
  • Muslim American Society;
  • International Institute for Islamic Thought; and,
  • Muslim Public Affairs Council.

CIA Helped to Train and Support Bin Laden, Ramzi Yousef and Other Top Islamic Terrorists Who Bombed The World Trade Center

ISIS is alleged to be funded by Saudi Arabia and CIA and trained by the Pentagon (Global Research) – when ISIS declares a caliphate in the Middle East and all Muslims are called to pay allegiance to it. The question is for whose benefit and in whose interest is ISIS being formed?

With these facts facing us in the face should we not question the silence by the Western media and Human Rights Organizations for hate crimes against Muslims in the West while these same entities jump to demand tolerance and rights for Muslim minorities? Are these hate crimes simply a violent gesture in the West to explicitly declare ‘no-go’ areas while Muslims are encouraged in fact promoted to align to irritants that form the basis for people to question the demanding nature of Muslims when in Muslim dominated countries they do not cede any space or offer any compromise to non-Muslims.

The hijacking of political Islam and its bended usage by the West primarily at the cost of a naïve global Muslim public unable and unwilling to realize that they are being monopolized via their own faith is leading to a greater calamity unless sense prevails.

The doublespeak and hypocrisy of the West is more than evident because not only are they helping create irritants among non-Muslim communities unwittingly accepted and promoted by Muslims who cannot see beyond the call demanding that they ‘submit to Allah’ have made Muslims easy prey and explains why Islamic fundamentalists are the easiest breeding ground for terrorists.

The mainstream media and the human rights organizations both of which are in the pockets of and controlled and influenced by the West are silent on the crimes of the West and reluctant to expose the links as well as debate on the mischief being created to push different agendas. The silence of media and human rights organizations and their action against selected countries completely dispels their credibility and people should revert to alternate media to believe what is going on around the world if they wish to know the truth or be ready to digest nothing but lies and distortions.

USA Botched Abortion of Islam Terror, Gives Birth to ISIS an Octopus of Terror.

July 2nd, 2014

Prof. Hudson McLean

The Map of the Birth of a Giant Monster:  http://tinyurl.com/lc5y56w

USA Led Regime Change of Iraq & Libyan may look like a Teddy Bear’s Picnic!

“The Arab Spring” as the global media proudly announced, promoting Regime Change in Iraq, Libya, Egypt, Ukraine, whilst making a bloody mess in every single country, has back-fired with a vengeance.

The Bush – Blair team tried to emulate the break-up of USSR by Reagen-Thatcher – Pope John Paul, which created major conflict in Europe, with cries of seriously unsubstantiated claims of WMD.

Although both Saddam Hussein and Colonel Ghaddafi were not walking angels, the current aftermath is a running battle of bloodshed, largely leaderless puppets running around  like headless chicken, in these two Muslim countries.

USA in collusion with NATO & EU tried to contain Vladimir Putin on Crimea, but failed miserably, now have realized that Putin may “Upset the entire Apple Cart” by waving his friendly arms with North Korea and Iran whilst giving tacit Russian support to Syria.

On top of the politicians HRH Prince Charles, who normally speaks to his plants in his vegetable patch, wakes upto compare, President Putin as Adolf Hitler.  Wrong move!  Putin is a Good Friend but a Bad Enemy.

According to the map published by the Newly Formed ISLAMIC STATE (IS)

most of European & Asian countries will disappear into a dark cloud of Black Flags of IS.

http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2674736/ISIS-militants-declare-formation-caliphate-Syria-Iraq-demand-Muslims-world-swear-allegiance.html
 
The only consolation is that this kind of strategy is not new. Adolf Hitler & Mussolini had a similar dream together with Emperor Hirohito, which led to the USA off-loading of two Atom Bombs onto Hiroshima & Nagasaki, along with the annihilation of the German dream. However today both Germany and Japan lead the world in economic and technological excellence.Time will tell if this conflict between IS and the rest of the world, hopefully led in partnership between USA – NATO – EU – Israel – India – Russia – without ignoring China, begins as “The Grand-Mother of All Battles” and bring down the entire world into a pile of ashes!

Please tell me that I am wrong! Thank you.

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The Independent Interactive Voice of Sri Lanka on the Internet.Please visit -: http://www.lankaweb.com/

Perspective: A Vibrant Islamic Caliphate Has Existed for the Past Century

July 2nd, 2014

By A. Abdul AzizSource: Ahmadiyya Times.

With the declaration of a global ‘Caliphate’ by the Islamist group Islamic State of Iraq and Syria” (ISIS) now known simply as Islamic State”, questions probably arise in the Western minds of what actually constitutes a Caliphate and what it means for the Muslim World. A caliphate is seen as a direct successorship to the Prophet Muhammad, so it is first and foremost a theological authority akin to the Catholic Papacy. Caliphate comes from the Arabic wordKhilafah which means ‘successorship’. It refers to the undisputed successor of the Prophet Muhammad who is to be obeyed by all Muslims.

What people may not realize however, is that a global Islamic Caliphate has existed for the past century and not in a fashion in which people may think. In fact, the only Caliph of Islam to date, His Holiness Mirza Masroor Ahmad, recently actually publicly condemned ISIS’ actions in Iraq. As opposed to the extremist ‘Caliphate’ announced by ISIS, the Ahmadiyya Muslim Caliphate espouses a motto of Love for All, Hatred for None”, and is sorely needed by the rest of the Muslim World today.

Firstly, the primary sources of Islamic theology promise a Caliphate as a doctrinal obligation among Muslims. The Qur’an says that God has promised those of you who have attained to faith and do righteous deeds that, of a certainty, He will make them Caliphs (successors) on the earth” (24:55). The Prophet Muhammad also predicted the coming of Caliphate on prophetic methodology”, and after that a sort of political Caliphs, and finally Caliphate on prophetic methodology” again. Sunni Muslims see the Rashidun Caliphs, Abu Bakr, ‘Umar, ‘Uthman, and ‘Ali as fulfillment of the prophecy of Prophetic Caliphate, while Shia Muslims see their twelve Imams as fulfillment of the prophecy.

Since the dissolution of the Ottoman Caliphate in 1924 — which was no longer anything more than a symbolic figurehead — the only active Islamic Caliphate that has existed in the world for the past century has been the Ahmadiyya Caliphate, and its head is known as the Khalifa-tul Masīh (‘Caliph of the Messiah’) in Arabic. Caliph V, His Holiness Mirza Masroor Ahmad, is the fifth and current Caliph of Islam as accepted by the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community. Prime Minister Stephen Harper has called him a ‘champion of peace’. Minister of Foreign Affairs John Baird as well as Liberal Part of Canada Justin Trudeau have both personally met him. He is the only Muslim leader to deliver a speech at the European Parliament in Brussels which was about responding to the challenge of extremism.” He also delivered a speech at United States Capitol Hill, Washington, D.C. attended by politicians of both Republican and Democratic parties, in which he outlined the Islamic solution to peace and condemned American foreign policy in which they extract resources from Muslim countries while initiating war.

He has also sent letters of warning to former President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad of Iran as well as the Grand Ayatollah of Iran, Sayyed Ali Hosseini Khamenei, Pope Benedict XVI, President Barack Obama of the USA, Prime Minister Stephen Harper of Canada, Prime Minister David Cameron of the United Kingdom, Chancellor Angela Merkel of Germany, President François Hollande of France, Premier Wen Jiabao of China, and King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz al-Saud of Saudi Arabia urging them to create peace in the world to avoid a World War III, which he thinks is imminent from the current situation in the world.

He has recently also vehemently condemned the atrocities of ISIS and said recently in a press interview that the actions and statements of ISIS, who pretend to represent Islam run entirely contrary to Islam.” He continued to state that:

Extremist Islamic groups and the so-called Caliphate that extremists are trying to establish in the Middle East are a complete betrayal of the true peaceful teachings of Islam and will never succeed. These groups have attached their own cruel ambitions to an institution (Caliphate) that in reality seeks to champion the rights of all people.

Let me make it clear that the institution of Caliphate leading the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community has no interest in power or government. Rest assured that true Caliphate has no worldly or political objectives.

So this is the Islamic Caliphate that has existed stably for over a century, and did not require any bullets or killing to establish! Rest assured the Western world does not need to fear from this Caliphate as it presents a motto of Love for All, Hatred for None” and values the separation of church and state. Canada in particular, remembers when Caliph IV, His Holiness Mirza Tahir Ahmad – now deceased – on his visit to Canada said may Canada become the whole world and the whole world become Canada!”

Source: Ahmadiyya Times.

 

 

 

Factors relevant to Indo-Lanka relations

July 2nd, 2014

Shenali D Waduge

While Sri Lanka are always made to remind itself that every time India sneezes Sri Lanka is likely to catch a cold, there are some facts that cannot be ignored as well. Countries may be big and powerful but that is no grounds to brush aside smaller countries using that logic. It is strange that India as big as it is should feel obsessed about keeping Sri Lanka trampled and with explicit orders only to run to mummy India despite its history of misdemeanors. India needs to seriously address this complex for it dents relationships at every level. Nevertheless, there are some factors that Sri Lanka cannot overlook.    

Fact 1 : Armed Tamil militancy began because of India

  • Let’s not beat around the bush but acknowledge that India first undertook to clandestinely engage unemployed Tamil youth from Sri Lanka to be brought to India and given military training in various locations. India thereafter, divided these Tamils into various groups headed by different leaders under different names. LTTE under Prabakaran was one such India-trained armed militant group handled by Indian intelligence. When these Tamil youth had been ‘handled’ by one country it naturally raises possibilities of these groups being ‘handled’ by other countries too and that should explain what happened to Rajiv Gandhi.
  • India needs to accept and apologize for its role in arming Tamil youth and turning them into armed militants that led to Tamils killing each other and thereafter to 3 decades of terror. The initial phase of LTTE and other armed militant groups was solely handled by India and its intelligence agents.
  • India cannot claim to be protector or friend of Sri Lanka until and unless India acknowledges its crime of aggression committed clandestinely over a period of time against a nation that did no wrong to India. The Jain Commission report very clearly gives places of training in India with numbers of Sri Lankan Tamils trained.
  • RAW may have trained the LTTE but the decision to arm Tamil youth and turn them into militants was made by the Indian Central Government – a decision made by Indira Gandhi. RAW was only carrying out orders.
  • India must avow to the Sri Lankan populace that India will not indulge in any future destabilizing operations while apologizing to India’s role in creating, training and arming LTTE and other armed militancy.
  • Accountability calls cannot omit IPKF rapes of some 4000 Tamil civilians, Jaffna hospital massacre of even Tamil doctors or the Velvettiturai massacre of unarmed civilians. Sri Lankan Tamils must realize these killings were committed by IPKF Indian soldiers, the country that has been projecting ‘concern’ for Tamils.

Fact 2: India well in control of Tamil Nadu state

  • Contrary to general perceptions, India’s Central Government is NOT manipulated by Tamil Nadu, it is ONLY an impression given to leverage diplomatic pressures over Sri Lanka. India’s Central Government is very capable of controlling Tamil Nadu IF it wants to and when it needs to. We need to realize why India’s Central Government does not when it should. Sri Lanka’s politicians need to realize this dynamics and play upon it.

Fact 3: India and Tamil Nadu playing politics with Sri Lankan Tamils

  • Tamil Nadu pretends concern for Sri Lankan Tamils and is part of a piggy-back ride because of (6) so Tamil Nadu can make the most out of the discontent evolving between 2 nations and make itself look more important than the rest of the States, this in turn invites all the foreign destabilizing operators to make detours to Tamil Nadu and open their goodybag of whats in store if their line is towed. The game is called politics.
  • Both the Indian Central Government and Tamil Nadu are playing football with Indian fishermen for their own personal political agendas. Unnecessarily fishermen on both sides of the spectrum are getting arrested and released in a game of fish / arrest and get freed.

Fact 4: ‘Concern’ for Tamil slogan

  • When Tamil Nadu politicians declare ‘concern’ for Sri Lankan Tamils, the Tamils in Sri Lanka must count and read out all the names of the Tamil politicians, Tamil public servants, Tamil unarmed civilians, Tamil children that the LTTE and other armed groups training by India killed and seek an explanation from India. It is all the time only the Sinhalese raising these killings from India and not Tamils.
  • It is also time for Sri Lankans and Tamils too to wonder how India can solve Sri Lanka’s problems when India has not solved theirs. With hundreds of terrorist elements and other destabilizing agents on ground and infiltrating into interior India, India has no time or manpower to be solving issues that it enjoys creating in other countries. Moreover, if Sri Lanka has a problem it is Sri Lanka’s problem not India’s or any other country. Assistance can come ONLY and IF ONLY a request is made.
  • The fishermen issue is the best example. If Tamil Nadu are so concerned about Sri Lankan Tamils, why are they sending Indian Fishermen to Sri Lankan seas and thereby denying Sri Lankan Tamil fishermen their livelihood. How much of revenue are these Sri Lankan Tamils losing as a result of Indian fishermen and the equipment there are using is also affecting the Sri Lankan coastline and long term it will only affect the Sri Lankan Tamils. Is it not ‘fishy’ that the Chief Minister and TNA are also mum on fighting for the rights of their own people when it comes to the fishing issue? Indians cant fish in Sri Lanka and destabilize our country too. What if Sri Lankan Government allows Indians to fish in Sri Lanka’s North, the Tamil fishermen would be denied livelihood and that will not be good for TNA when it comes to voting time!

Fact 5: More to Rajiv Gandh’s assassination / Investigate LTTE links to Maino family

  • Congress Government’s Chairperson needs to own up to links with her family and LTTE and the Indian Government needs to immediately launch an investigation to how many Indian artifacts and priceless treasures have been smuggled out of India to be sold in Italy. This accusation made by Dr. Subramaniam Swamy needs to now be thoroughly investigated.
  • With regard to the assassination of Rajiv Gandhi- it must also not be forgotten that Rajiv Gandhi was killed by Indian and Sri Lankan Tamils.

Fact 6: Clear stand on Eelam (If not in India – then not in Sri Lanka)

  • AIADMK Manifesto clearly promises to create an Eelam for Tamils. The Modi Government must put a firm lid on this and other such future declarations by AIADMK or any other political party in India if India is genuinely concerned about forging sincere diplomatic ties with neighbors. Similarly, the Sri Lankan Government for political correctness should not sit silent when the Northern Province passes resolutions for similar eelams.

Fact 7: India must tell Indian Tamils and Sri Lanka must tell Sri Lankan Tamils – There will be no Eelam

  • Both Sri Lankan politicians need to realize that Tamils in Sri Lanka are Sri Lankan citizens and Tamils need to realize this too. Indian politicians and States and their politicians need to also realize that when referring to Sri Lankan Tamils these Tamils are by virtue of their citizenship NOT INDIAN. If they so wish to be they are welcome to denounce their Sri Lankan citizenship and obtain Indian citizenship rights. Therefore, whenever any Indian politician makes a furor on Tamils in Sri Lanka they must first realize that they are referring to citizens of another sovereign nation and be mindful of the threats they make.

Fact 8: Custodian of Buddhism should belong to Sri Lanka – leaders need to take wholehearted ownership

  • Buddhism and its protection belong to Sri Lanka. India having abandoned Buddhism should not use it simply as a soft tool for political gain thus diminishing the value of the noble teachings of Buddha. The protection and fostering of Buddhism rightfully belongs to Sri Lanka and it is good for Sri Lanka’s leaders to realize that Buddhism is not to be considered as a soft tool only but very powerful in its own right.

Fact 9: 13th amendment must go – Both India & Sri Lanka must realize its dangers and playing politics with it will be detrimental

  • An India that is making a huff and puff about 13th amendment must be asked to respond to India’s breach of the Indo-Lanka Accord the basis of the 13tha and a good ground for Sri Lanka to repeal the Accord on account of India not keeping to its promises as clearly given in 2.16 of the Accord These proposals are also CONDITIONAL to the GOVERNMENT OF INDIA taking the following actions if any militant groups operating in Sri Lanka do not accept this framework of proposals for a settlement”.

o   India to take ALL necessary steps to ensure Indian territory is not used for activities prejudicial to the unity, integrity and security of Sri Lanka. (PROMISE NOT KEPT BY INDIA)

o   Indian navy/coast guard to cooperate with the Sri Lanka Navy in preventing Tamil militant activities from affecting Sri Lanka. (PROMISE NOT KEPT BY INDIA)

o   In the event that the Government of Sri Lanka requests the Government of India to afford military assistance to implement these proposals the Government of India will cooperate by giving the Government of Sri Lanka such military assistance as and when requested (IPKF arrives in Sri Lanka in July 1987 and were asked to leave in March 1990)

o   The Government of India will expedite repatriation from Sri Lanka of Indian citizens to India who are resident here, concurrently with the repatriation of Sri Lankan refugees from Tamil Nadu. (We believe quite a number of Indians are living as Sri Lankan Tamils in Sri Lanka and have been doing so for the past 3 decades)

We need to also mention that North and East was unnecessarily merged until Sri Lanka’s Supreme Court demerged the two provinces. The declaration is another reason to annul the Indo-Lanka Accord in toto and thus make the 13a a nonentity as well.

It must also be added that the 13th amendment and the Provincial Councils bill came much later. There was NO DEFINED ENTITY of the Provincial Council in the July 1987 Accord. It would be good for the GOSL to consider changing boundaries of the provinces so as to protect its strategic interests.

  • It is a good time for everyone to start wondering for WHOSE INTEREST the 13th amendment and the Provincial Council system is and thereafter start debating on what to do if the 13tha is of no relevance to Sri Lanka. 13tha should not be allowed to fulfill neo-colonial agendas of any nation to get a foothold in Sri Lanka. Locals that chirp on the need to give 13tha and more are obviously agents working in the interests of other nations.
  • We need to also remember and the international community should well do to take too that there would be NO 13thamendment or the provincial council system if India had not forced Sri Lanka to sign the Indo-Lanka Accord and make constitutional amendments. 13tha is not indigenous to Sri Lanka and it is on this argument that the public demands it to be annulled.

Fact 10: India needs to realize bilateral relations with Sri Lanka means all 20million – not ONLY Tamils.

  • With regard to implementation of the LLRC – these are all RECOMMENDATIONS and it is the prerogative of the Government in power to decide which ones will be implemented and which one’s wont. It is not for India, US, UK, Canada or any UN official to decide.
  • India and the international community as well as the Sri Lankan Government and Opposition politicians are reminded that Tamils are just 2million in a country of 20million and it is morally wrong to be demanding the Government to address the needs of a few lakhs of that 2million since the rest are living amongst Sinhalese or abroad holding foreign passports. Sri Lanka’s problems do not revolve around ONLY Tamils – there are over 88% of people who are not Tamils and their rights and needs have to be also looked into.
  • Narendra Modi in particular should take up the issue of caste as Tamil low castes have been at the receiving end – they were picked to become child soldiers, the LTTE cadres were made up of low caste Hindus and converted Hindus which explains why cadres were all buried and called martyrs. Moreover, the fact that Hindus distance themselves from their own due to caste factors are driving Hindus to convert and align to Abrahamic agendas. With Narendra Modi’s nationalism this must be a top priority too.

We believe that Narendra Modi will usher a period different to what Indira Gandhi and her son fostered against Sri Lanka. That Modi is a hands on leader, a visionary and clearly demarcates Hindu India on the Indian map is welcome and shows Modi to be very much interested in Asia and bringing up Asia rather than prostituting India to the West.

We look forward to India taking a higher moral ground vis a vis its relationship with Sri Lanka as well for it has much to repair in view of the factors that have build distrust against India in Sri Lanka.

 

 

 

Protect Sinhala Buddhism from the educated – VI

July 2nd, 2014

By Nalin de Silva

It has to be emphasised that what is meant by Sinhala Buddhism is a culture and not an interpretation of Bududahama. Of course, Sinhala Buddhism is associated with interpretation(s) of Bududahama and one would even say that there is more than one Sinhala Buddhism at any point in history. This is not confined to Buddhist cultures and there is no homogeneous culture as such in any country. However, one could take the “highest common factor” of the variant cultures as the culture of a society, but the question could be asked as to who determines the “highest common factor”. Fortunately consensus is achieved in this respect, and one would have an idea of the English Christian culture despite variants such as London, Yorkshire, South, working class (not in the Marxist sense), middle class, upper class (sub) cultures. The ruling out of a ‘highest common factor’ stems from the rejection of a ‘meta narrative’ by the postmodernists in the west illustrating the crisis in the western Christian culture.

Apparently, Sinhala people have been called Barbarians by a diplomat residing in the country and if she had made this statement, then it is probably the Sinhala Buddhists she refers to. In the history it is some other people and not their own people that have been called the Barbarians, starting with the “original Barbarians”. The Sinhala Buddhists are entitled to call the westerners Barbarians when the oppressions by the latter during the last five hundred years are considered. However, the education that has been imposed on the rest of the world has produced some ‘educated’ people all over the world who would come to the rescue of the westerners. As far as I am concerned there cannot be a worse Barbarian culture than a culture that imposes its education and knowledge on the others through various means including the formulation of a so-called scientific method. Of course, as in the case of other concepts there is no ‘objective Barbarianism’ as such and Barbarianism depends on one’s politico cultural definition of the concept. It would be helpful if the diplomat first mentions her definition of Barbarianism, and tells us what is happening in Western Asia (so-called Middle East relative to the Europeans) is Barbarianism or not irrespective of whether the Christians or the Muslims are involved in them.

As we have already said Sinhala Buddhism has inherited much from Hela Buddhism of the Yagu Kauranas (Yakshas) including the Catuskoti (fourfold) logic of the latter. When King Devanampiya Tissa said that he was neither a relative nor a non relative of himself as the reply to a question by Arhant Mahinda Thera he relied on Catuskoti, as we pointed out more than twenty five years ago in ‘Kalaya’ and ‘Divaina’. However, the educated in the country ignored that explanation as they did not believe in a fourfold logic that contradicts the twofold Aristotelian logic that has been imposed on us by the westerners who think in terms of dualities. In fact the ‘Early Buddhist Theory of Knowledge’ by the late Prof. K N. Jayatilake attempts to show that Catuskoti could be reduced to twofold two valued logic! According to the Jayatilake scheme one could say that Devanampiya Tissa was not a relative of himself in one sense and was not a non relative in another sense. In this regard it has to be mentioned that when I submitted ‘Mage Lokaya’ for financial aid to be printed, twenty eight years ago, the Book Publication Board did not approve funds at first on the advice of a Buddhist Scholar who is still living who knew that the book was not in conformity with ‘standard’ interpretation of Theravada Bududahama. I am glad the book has gone into the fifth edition by now.

Although Hela Buddhism had no conflict with Sinhala Buddhism as far as logic per se, the interpretations of Bududahama associated with the two Buddhisms were different. It appears that the Hela Buddhism inherited the Bududahama from Budunvahanse and was pre Sangayana (Council) whereas Sinhala Buddhism (Ashokan Buddhism at the beginning) was associated with the interpretation of the third Sangayana. The third Sangayana interpretation is realistic, objective and analytic as the Dhammavada of the Mahavihara Bhikkus had these properties. It is not known whether these were introduced by Arhant Mahinda Thera from the very beginning or were incorporated later in the evolution of Ashokan Buddhism into Sinhala Buddhism. In any event it is clear that by the fifth century Sinhala Buddhism had been able to defeat Hela Buddhism as the significant culture of the country. However, even later there had been remnants of Hela Buddhism of the Yagu Kauranas as exemplified the story of Kashyapa and Mugalan.

It is wrong to say that Ven. Buddhaghosha Thera introduced rituals to Sinhala Buddhism and that was the reason for burning of the Hela Atuwas and other books that were available in the country at that time, which did not have any rituals. The rituals had been there from the Hela Buddhist days and the Sri Pada Vandana had been introduced during the time of Budunvahanse according to Mahavamsa as well as the Varigapurnikava. It was none other than Arhant Mahinda Thera who introduced Bodhi Vandana having made arrangements to bring the right branch (dakshina shakha) of the sacred Bo Tree from Buddha Gaya. Arhant Mahinda Thera would not have gone against the rituals of Hela Buddhism and antagonized the Hela people who were the original inhabitants of the country. It is unfortunate that an interpretation of Mahavamsa is made use of to identify the Vedda people as Adi vasins (so-called aboriginals) and relegate the Sinhala people to immigrants.

As we said in the previous installment Arhant Mahinda Thera chose the Cullahattipadopama Sutta for the first Dharmadeshana (not the sermon for anybody’s sake) as it emphasized ‘prathyaksha’ over deductions using theory. Most probably the Hela Buddhists were not oriented towards theory and Arhant Mahinda Thera would have wanted to highlight that his interpretation of Bududahama was not different to that of the Hela Buddhists. Even today the Sinhalas are not happy with theory, especially with abstract theory, (Minister Bandula Gunawardhane’s attempts to teach abstract Mathematics to all Sinhala students-some will learn something anyway-would come to naught unless the pass mark is reduced to near zero and pretend that the students have a knowledge of Abstract Mathematics – as far as I know the Sinhala people have not produced a single abstract Mathematician) and in the present world dominated by knowledge associated with abstract theory Sinhala people are outplayed by even third rate second secretaries of embassies. In any event though Ashokan Buddhism introduced a Vedic coronation Arhant Mahinda Thera had tried to conform to Hela Buddhist culture as far as possible.

The period from third century BC to about fourth/fifth centuries AD, which is about seven hundred to eight hundred years, would have seen the “fight” between Hela Buddhism and Sinhala Buddhism, which ended in a victory for Sinhala Buddhism during the reign of King Mahasen, and further reinforced during the time of Mugalan, who obtained support from Dambadiva. Sinhala Buddhism, unlike Hela Buddhism is not indigenous (of course it does not mean Bududahama is indigenous) and had a Dambadiva component incorporated in it. This Dambadiva component upheld by the Mahavihara had been resented by the Yagu Kauranas, but it appears that after king Dhathusena, and king Mugalan there was nothing much they could do except for the resistance by king Kashyapa. It is in this context that we have to study the role played by Ven. Buddhaghosha and other Andra Pradesh Bhikkus, especially the burning of Hela books and making Pali the language of Theravada Buddhism.

Putin clearly sees, cold-bloodedly counts all moves of the West – expert

July 2nd, 2014

Courtesy Voice of Russia

Russian President Vladimir Putin has outlined his foreign policy priorities to ambassadors and envoys. The experts noted he was confident, revealing and sent quite a clear message to the West. He certainly has not attacked any Western leader, despite numerous personal attacks against himself.

Robert Oulds, Director of the Bruges Group, an independent all-party think tank, told Radio VR that President Putin spoke about how he wanted to be engaging with the rest of the world, but pointed out that the US, supported by the European Union, is still following the containment policy, as he described it, that existed during the Cold War. And in this, America has not moved on from the Cold War era and is still trying to take actions against Russia. But Vladimir Putin was clearly drawing line in this end and said it has been pushed far enough and he would take further actions if, indeed, Russia’s interests were continued to be threatened by the EU and the US.

Putin clearly sees, cold-bloodedly counts all moves of the West - expert
© Screenshot:”Vesti”

VR’s political analyst Dmitry Babich also compared the current Western rhetoric with that of the Cold War, but said it is even worse and certainly much more belligerent.

“For example, Obama talks about complete diplomatic isolation of Russia,” he said. “I do not remember Carter or Reagan saying that. And no one could even remotely imagine a civil war on the territory of Ukraine, which is, I would say, a Slavic heartland.”

Dmitry Babich also pointed out that despite numerous personal attacks against him, like Merkel saying that he lost touch with reality, there was not a single personal attack from President Putin during this speech or in the previous days. He said a few words about Poroshenko, but basically what he said was that the so-called anti-terrorist operation was started by other people, but now that Poroshenko ordered the truce ended and the military activity re-started, he will bear the full responsibility. It was not a personal attack, but rather an affirmation of the fact which is on the ground.

Robert Oulds: also mentioned the full responsibility of the Ukrainian authorities and the current regime. They took power in what was an illegal coup, largely sponsored by America and the European Union, and certainly encouraged politically, and they have been taking military actions against civilians, innocent people are being killed as a result of these military actions.

But this is hardly being reported in the Western media. The Western media is thoroughly misrepresenting the situation and trying to pretend that these events have been started by President Putin in Russia and the whole narrative is about Russian expansionism, when actually this is the European Union and NATO and the US involvement in Ukraine which has undermined this country and pushed it to the situation where people in the east of the country have taken up their right to self-determination, expressed it in the referendum. The EU has blood on its hands for what it has been doing in Ukraine but it failed to be reported properly in the Western media.

With regards to the Western foreign policy, Dmitry Babich noted that President Putin sees all the moves of the West, even the most irrational ones and he tries to count these moves in a cold-blooded way, without conspiracy theories and personal attacks. He just says that Russia should defend its own interests.
Read more: http://voiceofrussia.com/2014_07_01/Putin-clearly-sees-cold-bloodedly-counts-all-moves-of-the-West-expert-3258/


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