July 5th, 2013

Media Release Embassy of Sri Lanka Paris

Ambassador Karunaratne Hangawatte was the chief guest at the annual prize-giving ceremony of a school attended primarily by Tamil speaking children organized by the association Lien et Cultures (Links and Cultures) in collaboration with the Mairie (Town Council) of the Paris Suburb of Bondy on Saturday 29th June 2013. Many children of Tamil Diaspora received certificates of achievement from Ambassador Hangawatte and Mrs. Sylvine Thomassin, Mayor of Bondy.


ƒÆ’-¡ Lien et Cultures created in 2008 and headed by Mr. Sivananthan Rajendram, aims at creating closer ties within the Tamil Diaspora community based in Bondy through language learning and dance.

ƒÆ’-¡ A staff of many dedicated teachers provides language classes in French, English and Tamil for students of all ages, children and adults alike. This school uses Tamil text books issued by the Government of Sri Lanka and offers traditional South Indian Bharatha Natyam dance classes to all its students.


ƒÆ’-¡ Mrs. Sylvine Thomassin, Mr. Sivananthan Rajendram, President of the Association Liens et Cultures, municipal counselor Mrs. Lilawtee Rajendram and many Town Council members were present at the event. The attendees were entertained by colorful and skillfully presented Bharatha Natyam dance performances by the students of Lien et Cultures.

Great Thoughts of Krishnamurti ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬”…” Advocate of a refined spiritualism that repudiates the vulgar sacerdotal practices that parade as religion in todayƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s world.

July 5th, 2013

R Chandrasoma

Jeddu Krishnamurti (May 1895 ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬”…” February 17, 1986) was acclaimed as a sage and mystic in both his homeland – India – and in the West where his mastery of the deep meditative trance was viewed with awe and reverence. That he had a world-wide following among the cognoscenti comes as no surprise as he appeared to be genuinely ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ”¹…”linkedƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢ to the divine and numinous in moments of spiritual exaltation. He dismissed religious scholars, priests and pietists not as charlatans but as in the grip of self-induced delusions. On these matters his own words are luminously clear and are quoted below ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬”…”

I maintain that Truth is a pathless land, and you cannot approach it by any path whatsoever, by any religion, by any sect. Religion is the frozen thought of man out of which they build temples. Tradition becomes our security, and when the mind is secure it is in decay. The constant assertion of belief is an indication of fear.

Here by ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ”¹…”TruthƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢ he means the sublime vision of the divinity that underlies all. These great words must be studied and re-studied by religious zealots of all denominations. Today we see religions being ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ”¹…”defendedƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢ by ardent believers who fear the eclipse or erasure of the belief-systems that they loyally embrace. Teachers and traditions are pitted one against the other – but this is a phony war. The real war must be within oneƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s own mind or soul to clear the fog of ignorance that obscures the truth. This begins with the practice of an intellectual honesty that is summed up in the saying ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ”¹…”to thine own self be trueƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢. What we see in in many parts of the world today – this includes Sri Lanka – is a battle to preserve institutions, entrenched practices and belief systems that have little to do with the ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ”¹…”truthƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢ as envisioned by Krishnamurti. One cannot deny the political and social dimensions of the strife between believers but this isƒÆ’-¡  extra-religious in the strictest sense of that term. Our existential predicament is such that we battle alone to achieve that spiritual transcendence that is the summum bonum of the earnest religious seeker.

Given this primacy of the personal struggle, is it not sad to see the flourishing of a species of ersatz religiosity that gives a foremost place to ritual and performance within religio-cultural boundaries while the Truth (as Krishnamurti identifies it) is sadly neglected. Must we not also remind the defenders of sacerdotal orthodoxy that the the greater struggle is not with external enemies but with the allurements and failings of a specious self.

President Decide: 13th amendment doesnƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢t serve the interest of the Masses or the Minorities ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬”…” Only IndiaƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s and WestƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s stooges

July 4th, 2013

Shenali D Waduge

Is there any need to go through the rigmarole of entertaining Indian envoys when Sri LankaƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s President has already sent his envoy to appraise India of the countryƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s decision on the 13th amendment? For what purpose do we need to be begging to India to understand why the nation is now demanding the President take immediate action on an antiquated illegal legislature which has done and does not serve the masses or the minorities that it originally claimed to solve? Has India no patriots in public office to not realize that 13th amendment is more of a threat to India in the current political chessboard?

ƒÆ’-¡ So far as Sri Lanka is concerned India is a nation that cannot take an independent decision without thinking they are displeasing the West. The example of IndiaƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s reaction to American snooping on India reveals the servility of India and completely nullifies IndiaƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s leadership ability on an international stage. Therefore a nation aspiring to be a super power bowing down to Western dictates is a nation Sri Lanka does not need to be taking orders from or going and reporting our affairs to either. This ugly practice must stop. Therefore, MenonƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s message carries little bearing for Sri LankaƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s sovereignty and this is something Sri LankaƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s President and policy makers are well advised to take note of.

ƒÆ’-¡ Once again we wish to highlight that the people who supported the LTTE throughout its reign and right through the war are today ganging up on a common platform to save the 13th amendment. These are the people who were suffering from the ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ…-unwinnable warƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ syndrome and people who wanted to give everything LTTE demanded on a golden platter with not a care for the thousands of civilians LTTE killed or the armed forces who were losing life and limb to save the country. Are we to listen to these lot of unpatriotic and self-centered politicians?

ƒÆ’-¡ Again we need to remind ourselves of who these ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ…-unwinnable warƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ promoters were for they are a danger to the entire nation and to society at large. A big name on that list now planted in the Opposition is one who totally destroyed the war victory by pinning the former army commander against the President by pitting him to run as President to create chaos and dilute Sri LankaƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s victory. Joining that list are the relics of Chandrika towing federalist line and now making no bones about why 13th amendment should stay ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬”…” these lot include Dylan, Rajitha, Reginold most of whom are now planted in the Rajapakse Government. The old lefties recently celebrating 70 years in Sri Lanka are really no use to the masses or even the minorities and are simply surviving on the generosity of the President and enjoying the perks at the cost of the tax payer ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬”…” so much so for their brand of socialism! Joining the bandwagon also is Hakeem the very person who beamed towards the cameras after shaking hands and enjoying dinner with terrorist Prabakaran up in the Wanni ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬”…” will the Muslim community be willing to listen to his pleadings on why 13a should stay. Finally and not least we have the mouthpiece of the LTTE, the TNA representing LTTE and the Tamil Diaspora running here there and everywhere pulling out every argument they can think of as to why 13th amendment should stay. There are a handful of others too still in Government who not only pull the federalist line but are doing more damage than the President is aware. These were all promoters of the LTTE and now shamelessly they come forward to promote another disaster. Most of these are also recipients of foreign funds that have even launched foundations in their name and these powerful western NGOs have a knack of making politicians talk and now we see them in action.

ƒÆ’-¡ Take a good look at the list of all those calling for the 13th amendment ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬”…” these together with one of the biggest pushers for the 13th amendment is the very person who held a cabinet portfolio in the only merged Northern provincial council elected in 1988 which had to be annulled by President Premadasa because within 2 years it declared a unilateral declaration of independence. So his allegiance to the Indian 13th amendment is nothing to be really surprised over.

ƒÆ’-¡ The Government needs to wisely assess the list of those presently lobbying for the continuance of the 13th amendment and the PC system. As far as the masses can see in 25 years it has not served the masses or the minorities except to unleash a wave of unsavory politicians unsuited to lead with criminal tendencies creating havoc and scaring the people of these provinces. The people no longer want to be victims of these provincial councilors and political parties are obviously incapable of selecting suitable candidates to serve the provinces.

ƒÆ’-¡ We are at a critical juncture. The Government has a very easy decision to make. Does it listen to the list of ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ…-unwinnable warƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ propagandists promoting LTTE throughout who now promote the 13th amendment or the masses who backed the Government alongside the nationalist forces? How difficult a decision can this be?

The Government cannot betray the masses or the nationalist forces ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬”…” EgyptƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s Morsi has found the hard way what happens and these are good lessons for all politicians who delay decisions just to please servile nations who never had the interest of Sri Lanka and least of all its President.

ƒÆ’-¡ Sri LankaƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s politicians need to realize that there are no better friends than the people of oneƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s own country and it will ONLY be the nationalists who would come to the defense of the President while all others currently propagating 13th amendment will probably desert the President and flee the country as well. Any politician with the integrity to jump from one camp to another for whatever reasons is capable of doing anything ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬”…” deserting the masses, the minorities and even to ridicule and humiliate oneƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s own land of birth requires no special effort from them.

Survival of any government must not ignore these dynamics.


July 4th, 2013

Dr.Tilak Fernando

It may sound strange but the opportunity has arisen to write about an alarming incident that had taken place inside a prominent bank in Colombo where a human life could have lost due to a boneheaded, stupid exercise performed by the BankƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s Management which simply boils down to confirm that though some bankersƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢ brains are tuned to figures the commonsense appears to be much desired!

During a pow wow with some of my old friends in London, Reggie Fernando, Anura Hegoda, Daya Ananda Ranasinghe, Douglas Wickremaratne and Sirira Chandrasekera etc, at Lihiniya Restaurant in Cricklewood, on a rather chilly afternoon which cannot certainly be called ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ”¹…”London summer in JuneƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢, the latter came out with the repulsive story on a Kirulapone bank (Name withheld – available on request) where a foolhardy act of a fake robbery (security- drill) on March 27, 2013, at 2.50 pm had nearly cost a human life.

High drama

According to Sisira, the SLBC UK Correspondent in London, his former colleague and friend (name withheld), a Senior Technical Officer at the SLBC had been queuing up at the Kirulapone branch to deposit some money when two armed men, appeared to be robbers, had entered the bank building at breakneck speed. One of them had come up to his friend (who was a heart patient) and pointed a revolver at his head while the other ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ”¹…”robberƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢ pretended to hold up another customer in the queue; no one from outside the bank had bothered to enter the building due to the obstruction. This traumatic drama had lasted for fifteen minutes.

I spoke to the victim in Sri Lanka on the phone upon hearing this incident. According to him the manager of the bank had emerged after the operation and pronounced it as ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ”¹…”just an off the record security exercise organised by the bankƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢ and apologized to the customers stating: ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ…-You are OK arenƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢t youƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬?

Heart patient

The irony of the whole saga is that the victim is a heart patient and at any moment during that imprudent act he could have dropped dead on the bank floor! Although the bank had taken it quite lightly, the victim has had to undergo treatment subsequently under a specialist cardiologist for a week at an unwarranted expense! Sisira Chandraseka says he did write to the Head Office of the Bank concerned from London on behalf of his friend highlighting this ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ”¹…”life-threateningƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢ act which placed two innocent customersƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢ lives at risk as a direct result of such a fake security drill.

Piece of mind

In his submission to the Bank concerned he had put in writing, I quote, ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ…-Your manager has apologized at that moment but did not care about the welfare and lives of those two who were at gun point. Despite the fact that it is totally unacceptable to take the public as pawns on a chessboard and play with their valuable lives in your security experiments, did your branch manager or those who contemplated on such a heedless act ever bother to check whether those two targeted customers were sufferers of heart ailments? The ruinous instant shock of holding my friend at gun point for fifteen minutes could have easily triggered off a massive heart attack and die on the spot, which fortunately did not take place in this instance, may be due to a stroke of fortune! What would have been the outcome if my friend had dropped dead on your bank floor? Would a simple apology be enough or could any financial compensation following his ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ”¹…”deathƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢ made any difference to his immediate family?ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬

Sisira Chandrasekera says that the Bank concerned should have had the decency to offer his friend compensation at least towards the cost of his medication caused by the severe shock of the drama, but simply denied stating that ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ…-he did not suffer from this incidentƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬. When I spoke to the victim on the phone on May 25 from London his answer was that ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ…-the bank is still vacillatingƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬!

Different kettle of fish

In England of course there are various health and safety maneuvers such as fire drills conducted by individual institutions at regular intervals in conforming to The Factories Act 1961 which consolidated much legislation on workplace health, safety and welfare in Great Britain. Though as of 2008 some of it remains in force, it has largely been superseded by the Health and Safety at Work Act 1974 and regulations made under it.

The Act continues to have a legal importance as cases of chronic workplace exposure to hazards such as industrial noise, often extend back in time beyond the current legislation. Breach of the residual provisions is still a crime punishable on summary conviction in the MagistratesƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢ Court by a fine of up to Pounds 400 or, on indictment in the Crown Court, imprisonment for up to two years and an unlimited fine.

In the event of damage arising from a breach of the Act, there may be civil liability for breach of statutory duty. Though no such liability is stipulated by the Act itself, none is excluded and the facts could be such as to give rise to a cause of action in that tort. A breach not actionable in itself may be evidential towards a claim for common law negligence. In particular, a criminal conviction may be given in evidence.

The difference between what is practiced in the UK and the incident highlighted above is that in England a prior warning is given to the staff of the institution concerned prior to any such safety drills.

To this end, each institution appoints their own ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ”¹…”wardensƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢ to ensure that no one is trapped inside the building when alarm bells go. All these are mock exercises to keep everyone on alert in case of a real emergency situation for the sake of safety aspect at all times.

What the bank in question has done in this instance is quite out of the ordinary and no one has ever heard of such an operation in any part of the world except seen on American action films!

If the bank had wanted to imitate such drama seen on the silver screen then they should have either informed all parties involved or employed actors to play the part of villain and the hero both, without harassing the innocent customers at health risks.

The victim in this case has volunteered to come before any authority to explain the extent of shock and the suffering he had to undergo with bills of added medical expenses having waited patiently for so long.

Any further details on this ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ”¹…”American ActionƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢ style operation could be had from the horseƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s mouth or his friend Sisira Chandrasekera, who on his part has willingly given his email address to be quoted as for anyone to contact him.

(The above is a true incident that has taken place on March 27 at a Bank at Kirulapone which no other banks should ever try to emulate in similar fashion.)

Marxists are like Indians: both have failed

July 3rd, 2013

H. L. D. Mahindapala

I am happy to bounce back from the hospital bed and browseƒÆ’-¡ the multitudinousƒÆ’-¡ vistas of the world that filterƒÆ’-¡ throughƒÆ’-¡ the sheen of the polar-whiteƒÆ’-¡ glow of the cyber screenƒÆ’-¡ without which I will be lost in an infinite Sahara. Through the instant magic which providesƒÆ’-¡ most of my necessities for mental sustenance and sanityƒÆ’-¡  — I just can’t think of a world without it now –ƒÆ’-¡  I can pick, examine and get involved in theƒÆ’-¡ good, the bad, the indifferent and evenƒÆ’-¡ in the gentleƒÆ’-¡ manner with whichƒÆ’-¡ Prof. G.H. Peiris (GHP) had put Dr. Dayan Jayatilleka (DJ) through the mincing machine. GHP’sƒÆ’-¡ replies to DJ in The Island are exemplaryƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ demonstrationsƒÆ’-¡ ofƒÆ’-¡ the noble art of humane killing. It brings into focus the fundamental flaws in the intellectual exercises of DJ and hisƒÆ’-¡ “co-thinkers”ƒÆ’-¡ in theƒÆ’-¡ Left-wing caboodle.ƒÆ’-¡ One of the problem as I see it revolves round DJ’s failure to grasp the realities not only of Sri Lankan history but also contemporary international politics — all of which have been pin-pointed meticulously by GHP. If only my friend DJ’sƒÆ’-¡  knowledge of Sri Lankan history was as extensiveƒÆ’-¡ as his knowledge of Cuba (his doctoral thesis was on howƒÆ’-¡ Fidel Castro’s “ethical violence” has been morally superior to other kinds ofƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ political violence,ƒÆ’-¡  elevatingƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ his Havana heroƒÆ’-¡ to the level of aƒÆ’-¡ political saint), sans his mental blocsƒÆ’-¡ imposed by his Marxist ideology, he could rise to great intellectual heights with the kind ofƒÆ’-¡ authoritative credibility and respectability that GHP holds on Sri Lankan issues.
Like all Left-wing and hired intellectuals of NGOs — not to mention the Friday Freaks — he reveals in his writingƒÆ’-¡ an ample familiarity withƒÆ’-¡ imported theories whichƒÆ’-¡ areƒÆ’-¡ hardlyƒÆ’-¡ relevant to the critical issuesƒÆ’-¡ or the needsƒÆ’-¡ of the nation. In fact, the remarkable achievement ofƒÆ’-¡ the post-independent periodƒÆ’-¡ is thatƒÆ’-¡ the nationƒÆ’-¡ steered its way successfully throughƒÆ’-¡ a multitude of external and internal challenges without recourse to any of the psuedo-scientific theories propounded by Marxists and other hired pundits like Jehan (Pacha) Perera, “Paki” Saravanamuttu and their “co-thinkers”.ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ TheƒÆ’-¡ native talent displayed by high achievers like D. S. Senanayake, Mrs. Sirimavo Bandaranaike, Ranasinghe Premadasa and even President Mahinda RajapakseƒÆ’-¡ testifiesƒÆ’-¡ toƒÆ’-¡ their capacity to develop home-grown solutions, leaving the theoretical pundits in the Left and NGOsƒÆ’-¡ way behind.
Perhaps, it is the theoretical intoxication that has blindedƒÆ’-¡ DJƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ to the ground realitiesƒÆ’-¡ on which theƒÆ’-¡ politico-historicalƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ traditions, instituitions, identities and communities took root over the centuries.ƒÆ’-¡ His deracinated thinking makes him rely on imported theories. Like all his lumpen “co-thinkers” he has assumed thatƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ history begins withƒÆ’-¡ the Vadukoddai Resolution, with its concoctedƒÆ’-¡ geography and fictitious history.ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ The politicised history, which is the source of Left-wing ideologues, is accepted uncritically asƒÆ’-¡ the unassailable repository of knowledge there isƒÆ’-¡ in “political science”. Consequently, it is not surprising to find him sailing along withƒÆ’-¡ the anti-Sinhala-Buddhist ideology manufactured in Vadukoddai in 1976. Like all hisƒÆ’-¡  other “co-thinkers” he has not deviated one millimetre from the tendentiousƒÆ’-¡ politico-historicalƒÆ’-¡ framework concoctedƒÆ’-¡ in the Vadukoddai Resolution.
Take, for instance,ƒÆ’-¡ theƒÆ’-¡ example of blaming D. S. Senanayake for rupturing inter-communal relationship (See Long War, Cold Peace)ƒÆ’-¡ by introducing the bill to define the citizens of the new nation. It is unpardonable that a “political scientist” should imitiativelyƒÆ’-¡ repeat the Vadukoddian propaganda without exploringƒÆ’-¡ theƒÆ’-¡ democratic and liberal structures put in placeƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ for nation-buildingƒÆ’-¡ in the immediate aftermath of independence.ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ This also indicates that heƒÆ’-¡ prefers to view history through hisƒÆ’-¡ blinkered ideology.ƒÆ’-¡ DJ is stuckƒÆ’-¡ irredeemablyƒÆ’-¡ in the obsolocent Marxist groove without realising that his Marxist pantheon —ƒÆ’-¡  mainly, Marx, Lenin, Stalin (he began as a Stalinist), Gramsci, Althusser, Che, CastroƒÆ’-¡ — passed theirƒÆ’-¡ use by date with the 20th Congress of the Communist Part of of USSR in which Comrade Nikita Khruschev condemned Stalinism.ƒÆ’-¡ That was the first deadly blow to Marxist-Leninist-Stalinism. After that it was downhillƒÆ’-¡ all the way down to the Berlin Wall. DJ has studiously avoided the more intellectually robustƒÆ’-¡ Trotsky and the Frankfrut School. His obsession with selected saintsƒÆ’-¡ of Catholicised Marxism has reduced him toƒÆ’-¡ a “One-Dimensional Man”.
If he was more discriminating and able to sift the chaff from the grain he would have realised that there is no future in MarxismƒÆ’-¡ either for him or the nation. He should also realise that it was the most disastrous and dehumanizing ideology of the 20th century that produced Stalin, Mao, Pol Pot, Ceaucesco etc., right down toƒÆ’-¡ Rohana Wijeweera in Sri Lanka — the fascist mass murderer responsible not only for distorting Marxism by reducing it to five lectures but also by misleading the youth on the promise ofƒÆ’-¡ creating a Marxist utopia which he could not deliver in allƒÆ’-¡ the possibleƒÆ’-¡ cycles of his rebirths. It is undeniable that the most viciousƒÆ’-¡ blood baths in the 20th century wereƒÆ’-¡ ideologically driven byƒÆ’-¡ Marxists of one shade or the other.ƒÆ’-¡ Taken collectively they would account for the deathsƒÆ’-¡ of at least fifty million innocent civilians.
It has beenƒÆ’-¡ one of theƒÆ’-¡ primaryƒÆ’-¡ driving forcesƒÆ’-¡ ofƒÆ’-¡ political evil that devastatedƒÆ’-¡ the 20the century.ƒÆ’-¡ Even HitlerismƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ can be considered asƒÆ’-¡ a reaction to Communism which was rising as aƒÆ’-¡ formidable forceƒÆ’-¡ in pre-Nazi GermanyƒÆ’-¡ struggling to raise its head from the ruinsƒÆ’-¡  of World War I. It is recorded that Right-wing money bagsƒÆ’-¡ of the Jewish establishment in Germany also financed HitlerƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ to prevent the rise ofƒÆ’-¡ Communism. The so-calledƒÆ’-¡ liberation movements, including that of Wijeweera and Prabhakaran,(Anton Balasingham, the leading ideologueƒÆ’-¡ of the LTTE, covered himself in the Emperor’s clothings ofƒÆ’-¡  Marxism) promised to take theƒÆ’-¡ 20th century to the nearest point promisedƒÆ’-¡ inƒÆ’-¡ Marxist millenarianism. But, as recordedƒÆ’-¡  in history, the promised Marxist utopia turned into an evil dystopia. By and large, the moronic MarxistsƒÆ’-¡ perished in theƒÆ’-¡ distortions ofƒÆ’-¡ their misinterpreted and misleadingƒÆ’-¡ versions of self-serving Marxism.ƒÆ’-¡ After the collapse ofƒÆ’-¡  USSR — and with that the Cold War — MarxismƒÆ’-¡ lost its validity as an institutional, ideological and international force. The hangers-on that continue toƒÆ’-¡ benefit most areƒÆ’-¡ some careerists in academiaƒÆ’-¡ writing fanciful theses / papers that failedƒÆ’-¡  to salvage even Marxism, let alone the movements they championed.
Nothing is more ridiculous intellectuallly in the 21st century than those who quoteƒÆ’-¡ Marx and his off-shoots toƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ justify their failed politics. The days when theƒÆ’-¡ shelves of academic libraries were overflowingƒÆ’-¡ with books on Marxism are gone. In this day and age the best books written on Marx are thoseƒÆ’-¡ that rip Marxism apart. The nostalgic MarxistsƒÆ’-¡ are yet to realise that Marx belonged to a bygone era. Marx belonged to the era of steam engines, primitiveƒÆ’-¡ capitalism of the Dickensian era, andƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ the limitedƒÆ’-¡ theory of class warfare which failed to explainƒÆ’-¡ the diversity ofƒÆ’-¡  human history which, among other socio-economicƒÆ’-¡ variations, produced the hydraulic economies of theƒÆ’-¡ Orient that didn’t fit into Marx’s Euro-centric history. The best of contemporary intellectuals have abandoned Marxism as aƒÆ’-¡ guideƒÆ’-¡ toƒÆ’-¡ move humanity into the future. The post-digital, the post-Berlin and post-Deng Tsiao Peng era is thirstingƒÆ’-¡ for aƒÆ’-¡ bornƒÆ’-¡ -ƒÆ’-¡ again Marx to map the contours of aƒÆ’-¡ new sociology that would explain the forces ofƒÆ’-¡  galloping capitalism riding roughshod all over old Marx. For DJ to repeat the Marxist mantras in the 21st century is as valid as regurgitating the hocus-pocusƒÆ’-¡ of our kattadiyas who danced all night pretendingƒÆ’-¡  to possess the secrets ofƒÆ’-¡ drivingƒÆ’-¡ away the evils of our ancestors.
Marx’s genius was in pickingƒÆ’-¡ heterogenousƒÆ’-¡ philosophical strandsƒÆ’-¡ and synthesising them into a plausible theoretical whole. HeƒÆ’-¡ excelledƒÆ’-¡ in analying the past but he failed as a futurologist. He was also unsparingly critical and dismissive of any ideology that contradicted his interpretations.ƒÆ’-¡ It was not unusal for Marx to dismiss Auguste Comte’s “philosophicalƒÆ’-¡  systemƒÆ’-¡ asƒÆ’-¡ positivist shit”. (The New York Review of Books, p. 39, May 9, 2013). Though practically all ofƒÆ’-¡ Sri LankanƒÆ’-¡ Marxists, especially those who come fromƒÆ’-¡  the Colombo University, belong to this category I do notƒÆ’-¡  want to bracket DJ, considering his considerable talents,ƒÆ’-¡ into the category ofƒÆ’-¡  “Marxist shits”. But he does surprise me from time to time though his frequent somersaults tells me that I should not be surprised at what he does and say. For instance, in reply to Prof. Peiris he says: “I have always been an admirer of the US ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ”¹…”mainstreamƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢ while being a critic of certain aspects of US foreign policy.”
In my reading of global events and trends thisƒÆ’-¡  is the first time I’ve heard of a blood red Marxist saying that he’s been an admirer of “mainstream” American politics. If what he says is true then he must be an admirer of Bush and Obama — two decisiveƒÆ’-¡ and overbearing leaders who define mainstream US politics — controlling nearlyƒÆ’-¡ 1000 military bases globally, most of which are designed to wage wars on cooked up reports (Iraq) and kill innocent civilians in any part of the world (Afghanistan, Iraq, Somalia etc.,) who are pereceived to beƒÆ’-¡ threats to American sovereignty or territory.ƒÆ’-¡ However, I presume what he means is that he is an admirer of the monumental achievements of the American liberal-technological culture which has pushed global civilization to the frontiers of ever-expanding progress and knowledge. Anyone can agreeƒÆ’-¡  with that. Apart from the scientific frontiers I too embrace Emily Dickinson, Walt Whitman, Robert Frost, William Faulkner, Jackson Pollock, Frank Lloyd Wright, John Steinbeck, Martin Luther King, James (Fire Next Time)ƒÆ’-¡ Baldwin,ƒÆ’-¡ Jack Kerouac of the Beat GenerationƒÆ’-¡ and, of course,ƒÆ’-¡ RaymondƒÆ’-¡ Chandler who located hisƒÆ’-¡ detective Philip Marlowe away fromƒÆ’-¡ the upper-classƒÆ’-¡ EnglishƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ serving tea and cucumber sandwichesƒÆ’-¡ on manicuredƒÆ’-¡ lawns and placed himƒÆ’-¡ in the grim underworld, substituting brawns for the brains of AgathaƒÆ’-¡ Christie’s Poirot.ƒÆ’-¡ In his irreverent wayƒÆ’-¡ Philip Marlowe summed up the fast and furiousƒÆ’-¡ American way of life in theƒÆ’-¡ memorableƒÆ’-¡ line whichƒÆ’-¡ says: “Live fast, die young and leave a good-looking corpse behind.”
Leaving aside the iconic humaneƒÆ’-¡ side of America, it is rather amusing to listen to a fire-breathing defender of Castro and Che — victims of US imperialism — saying thatƒÆ’-¡ he is anƒÆ’-¡ admirer of the “US mainstream”. ItƒÆ’-¡ is somethingƒÆ’-¡  he would not dare say to hisƒÆ’-¡  political heroes Castro and Che even within quotes.ƒÆ’-¡ He mightƒÆ’-¡  get the loud applauseƒÆ’-¡ of his local hero, “Paki” Saravanamuttu, for going along with the American “mainstream”, no doubt.ƒÆ’-¡ But no moral Marxist can ever applaud the American “mainstream” overdetermined by two Presidents who vie with each other in killing civilians, including its own citizens,ƒÆ’-¡ perceived to be threats to America.
He makes a vain attempt to separate American “mainstream” politics from its foreign policy. As far as the world is concerned America is its foreign policy. There is nothing inƒÆ’-¡ America’s foreign policy which is not in its “mainstream”. His attempt toƒÆ’-¡ separate foreign policy from “mainstream” politics is another means ofƒÆ’-¡ sanitizing the corrupt, bloody, imperialistic war-mongering politics of the American mainstream.ƒÆ’-¡ In a Big Power like America there is no dividing line between its foreign policy and its “mainstream”. For instance, when theƒÆ’-¡ American President, Barack Obama, leaves his Nobel Peace Prize plaqueƒÆ’-¡ in his private locker and sits every Wednesday with his CIA, State Department, FBI and other apparatchiks toƒÆ’-¡ coldly calculate as to who should live and who should be killed to save America from internal and external threats, is it a part of “mainstream” politics or “foreign policy”? In short, isn’t defending American interests in every corner of globe a central part of “mainstream” politics? Can theƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ruthless, heartless policies ofƒÆ’-¡ America which plottedƒÆ’-¡ to assassinate Cuba through Mafia agents, including a Havana cigar that would blow his face out, be dismissed as foreign policy or be considered as a part of the mainstream culture of America?
According to DJ’s doctrine prescribed forƒÆ’-¡ Sri Lanka, Cuba should have surrendered to the neighbouring Big Bully. He says quite smugly: “Machiavelli… brusquely remarks that a state undergoing these changes would fall victim to a stronger neighbour before it could have time to complete the cycle.” — – Introduction to ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ”¹…”Niccolo Machiavelli, Discourses on LivyƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢, University of Chicago Press, 1996, p. xxxviii. Had he paused toƒÆ’-¡ make a reality check with the resistance put up by Cuba, with or without USSR,ƒÆ’-¡ — knowing, of course,ƒÆ’-¡ theƒÆ’-¡ overwhelming power of its neighbour USAƒÆ’-¡ — he should have had secondƒÆ’-¡  thoughts about prescribing aƒÆ’-¡ Machiavellian line toƒÆ’-¡ Sri Lanka. Here he is endorsing not international law, not the UN Charter, which is invoked constantly as the pillar on which American mainstream is based, not the laws that stipulates every nation, big or small,ƒÆ’-¡ be treated as equal, not the rule of law but the morality of Machiavellian ƒÆ’-¡ “Modern Prince” (Gramsci)ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ with weapons of mass destruction at its disposal.
Besides, if he acceptsƒÆ’-¡ Machiavellian rule of the Big Bully as the political reality that must obeyed by the rest — particularly the less powerful — then he is obliged to abandon all moral values in prescribing political solutions,ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ either on theƒÆ’-¡ globalƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ orƒÆ’-¡ localƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ scales.ƒÆ’-¡ He can’t have Machiavellian ruleƒÆ’-¡ for America and India and a moral and just ruleƒÆ’-¡ for any other part of the globe, including Sri Lanka. Though it can be conceded that the perennial power of Machiavellian politicsƒÆ’-¡ continue to dominate global politicsƒÆ’-¡ to this day there are, thankfully, small nation like Ecuador, thumbing its nose at America and even spurning its trade concessions to defend its independence. It has courageously defied the Big Brother politics and given Assange sanctuaryƒÆ’-¡ in its embassy in UK. If DJ is committed to moral values in politics then it is absolutely imperative for him to reject Machiavellian threats to nations struggling to restore peace, stability and dignity, amidst global and domestic pressures.
At the heart of the overbearingƒÆ’-¡  pressures put on Sri Lanka right now by India and America, demanding thatƒÆ’-¡ Sri Lanka must accept the formulas prescribedƒÆ’-¡ by India as the final solution, is the issue ofƒÆ’-¡ whether Sri Lanka shouldƒÆ’-¡ surrender toƒÆ’-¡ MachivellianƒÆ’-¡ imperialism or fight for the right of the nation to develop its own home-grown strategies for domesticƒÆ’-¡ problems. It is ironical thatƒÆ’-¡ the die-hard Marxist revolutionary has openly decided toƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ accept Indian imperialism as the answer to Sri Lanka’s north-south crisis — a bloody crisisƒÆ’-¡ fostered, financed, and fathered by India. He isƒÆ’-¡ proposingƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ that aƒÆ’-¡ surrender to Machiavellian IndiansƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ is the way out. He is saying this knowing thatƒÆ’-¡ the Indo-Sri Lanka Agreement, imposed on Sri Lanka with gunboat diplomacy of the ProconsulƒÆ’-¡ Dixit, the then Indian High Commissioner,ƒÆ’-¡ dictating terms to J.R. Jayewardene, as his distinguished father described it on numerous occasions,ƒÆ’-¡ not only set fire to the nation but also failed miserably to satisfy any community or restore lasting peace to the Sri Lankans.ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ So must we go down that path again?ƒÆ’-¡ Furthermore, how many time are we supposedƒÆ’-¡ to surrender to Indian Machiavellians?ƒÆ’-¡ Sri Lanka went along the most self-destructive — not to mention idiotic –ƒÆ’-¡ policy of “helpingƒÆ’-¡  India to help Sri Lanka”. In the end neither India nor Sri Lanka gained anything from it.
In any case, ifƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ the Indian formulaƒÆ’-¡ is going to be theƒÆ’-¡ viable solutionƒÆ’-¡ yielding positive resultsƒÆ’-¡ then there is some reason to go along with it. But the historical experience has shown that it has not worked.ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ So what guarantee is there that it will work again? The internal resistance to an IndianƒÆ’-¡ formula — particularlyƒÆ’-¡ the 13th Amendment — is not only received with suspicion but also with instinctive repugnance by the vast majority of Sri Lankans who believe justifiably that we are capable of working out ourƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ own salvation, with or without, Indian interventions. It is not a sine qua non, as DJ and his “co-thinker” like Mangala Samaraweera, claim it to be. As seen inƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ the case ofƒÆ’-¡ endingƒÆ’-¡  the 33-year-old war, Sri Lanka can benefit from all external resources as long as external forces help to advance the internal objectives. But the Indian military formula that came with the IPKF failed. The Indiam political formula that came with the 13th Amendment too failed miserably. There is a lesson in this: there is a role for external forces in resolving Sri Lankan problems and that is entirely in assisting Sri Lanka to develop itsƒÆ’-¡  own strategies and formulas. Any attempt toƒÆ’-¡  impose imported formulas, theories and solutions have failed toƒÆ’-¡  resolve the complexƒÆ’-¡ issues or win the consent of the people who are more fired than before in resisting external interventions. Sri Lankans argue that their children, kith andƒÆ’-¡  kin did not lay down their lives for Indians to occupy any part of their homelandƒÆ’-¡ through plantedƒÆ’-¡ proxies.
Besides, maintaning friendly relations with India — considered to be the corner stone of Sri Lanka’s foreign policy — does not mean that we must say “Yes, Sir”, “No, Sir”, “Three Indian bags full, Sir, for you to take to Delhi, Sir.” It means, in essence, mutual respect for each other’s interests and survival, without the Indian Big BrotherƒÆ’-¡ manipulating to twist the arm of small brother, SriƒÆ’-¡  Lanka.ƒÆ’-¡ InƒÆ’-¡ DJ’s formula, however,ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ there is no option for Sri LankaƒÆ’-¡  but to bend down and kiss the ground on whichƒÆ’-¡ the Indians walk. He argues thatƒÆ’-¡ it is the Machivellian law and we cannot escapeƒÆ’-¡  it. He even went as far as recommending that we should, for our survival, follow the example of Myanmar and surrender to the will of America. This is not enlightened diplomacy. This is sheer boot-licking. Who needs diplomacy for boot-licking? Any trainedƒÆ’-¡ dog could do it.
This brings me to the earlier issue of his role in Geneva. He claims the success in Geneva as a proud achievement of hisƒÆ’-¡ one-man band. There is an element of truth in this. But that is not the whole truth, according to his last article.ƒÆ’-¡ In that he passess the buck entirely to the Presidential Secretariat in response my argument that, in hindsinght, his victory in Geneva, is actually a loss for Sri Lanka. He says that the Geneva Resolution (March 2009) was the brainchild of the President’s office.ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ Here he has done a back flip. His earlier argument was to emphasise “Me, Me, Me”.ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ But in his last response he goesƒÆ’-¡ against hisƒÆ’-¡ own claimƒÆ’-¡ andƒÆ’-¡ says not “Me” but “HE”.
If, as he says,ƒÆ’-¡ everything that happened in Geneva originated from His Excellency’s Office then what was his role? Was heƒÆ’-¡ playing the role of the great diplomat, thinking on his own two feet and actingƒÆ’-¡ spontaneously responding creatively and effectively to exigencies of each move and counter-move of the West and cutting quid pro quo deals, or was he actingƒÆ’-¡  merely as theƒÆ’-¡ postman delivering HE’s directives? Postmen do play a role in delievering messages at the doorstep, no doubt. ButƒÆ’-¡  the authorship of the message that defines the overall objectives and strategies do not belong, by any streatch of imagination, to the postman. So in what part and where and when did he play his great role that led to victory in Geneva in March 2009? He says he did not cut any deals with India or any other power. Fair enough. So then why should the credit go to him in Geneva when everything was done by HE, according to him?
In the mounting pressures of the post-Nandikadal scenario the President was forced to act in accordance withƒÆ’-¡ two main factors that tied his hands: 1. the Sri Lankan Constitution which recognises the 13th Amendment and 2. the Indo-Sri Lanka Agreement which nominally has the status of an international treaty. When HE consented to implement the 13th Amendment in his discussions with Ban Ki-Moon, the UN Secretary-General, he had no alternative but toƒÆ’-¡ acknowledgeƒÆ’-¡  the realities of the two factors mentioned above.ƒÆ’-¡ He could notƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ brush asideƒÆ’-¡ the impact ofƒÆ’-¡ the 13th Amendment to Ban Ki-Moon because it was in the Constitution. In acknowledging the 13th Amendment he was as much a prisoner of the Indo-Lanka Agreement as allƒÆ’-¡ the other Sri Lankans.ƒÆ’-¡ In fact, the current imbroglioƒÆ’-¡ is related directly to the Indo- Lanka Agreement. Besides,ƒÆ’-¡ the 13th Amendment also flowed intoƒÆ’-¡  the Constituition via the Indo-Lanka Agreement. TheƒÆ’-¡ 1978 Constitution was made with the expressed will of the people. TheƒÆ’-¡ 13th AmendmentƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ of 1987 was imposed against the will of the peopleƒÆ’-¡ byƒÆ’-¡ a foreign power. The President is now faced with the 13thƒÆ’-¡ Amendment to the ConstitutionƒÆ’-¡ which is not in any way an expression of the will of the people.ƒÆ’-¡ So how valid is it in law?
The validity of Indo-Sri Lanka Agreement in international law has to be questioned at the highest levelƒÆ’-¡ because it was imposed against the will of the people of Sri Lanka, including the Jaffna Tamils. How valid is a treaty signed with gunboats bobbing outside the Colombo Harbour?ƒÆ’-¡ Which international court of justice will uphold a treaty/agreement signed by Ban Ki-Moon if he was forced to signƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ it with the UN surrounded by an overwhelming force threatening to invadeƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ hisƒÆ’-¡  premisesƒÆ’-¡ , or impose a regime change? Since the 13th Amendment crept into the Constitution as a result of the illegal force used to impose the Indo-Sri Lanka Agreement the validity of it in the Constitution is open to serious legal questioning.ƒÆ’-¡ DJ’s Machiavellian principles will never beƒÆ’-¡ upheld in a just and fair court of law.
The issue facingƒÆ’-¡  the nation — and, of course, the President — is whether to perpetuate theƒÆ’-¡ illegally imposed injustice on the nation or not. Gotabaya Rajapakse has given theƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ courageous lead in rejecting the 13th Amendment in toto.ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ Predictably, DJ is reactingƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ to this move as if the nationƒÆ’-¡ is about to slaughterƒÆ’-¡ hisƒÆ’-¡ sacred cow.ƒÆ’-¡ This Pavlovian reactionƒÆ’-¡  is inevitable because his thinking is locked insideƒÆ’-¡ the Vadukoddai box. DJ, as usual, is stuck in an ideology that has passed its use by date.ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ There isn’t s single vestige in the Indo-Lanka Agreement, whether in its origins, its impositionƒÆ’-¡ or in its legacy, that makes it a benign or acceptable formula for all the peoplesƒÆ’-¡ Sri Lanka to come together. It is an Indian solution to an Indian problem. It is divisive, corrosive and destructive.ƒÆ’-¡ ItƒÆ’-¡ has never been nor will it ever be the solution. The time has come to jump out of the box and re-imagine a new future.
Gotabaya Rajapakse hasƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ taken the firt step decisive step inƒÆ’-¡ redrawing the roadƒÆ’-¡  map to the future.ƒÆ’-¡ Prof. G. H. Peiris has summed up the commonsense thinking of the vast majority when he says that every bit of Sri Lankan territory belongs to all communities and no community is entitled to exclusive enclaves. The idea of carving out ethnic pockets on the fictions manufactured by the Vadukoddians is aƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ “no-no”ƒÆ’-¡  for the simple reason thatƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ it goes against the grain of theƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ inclusiveƒÆ’-¡ Sri Lankan culture, which embraced multi-culturalism long before it became fashionable in the West. ƒÆ’-¡ Exclusiveness in any form is the antithesis of tolerant multiculturalism.
The editorials ofƒÆ’-¡  The Sunday Times and The Daily Mirror, none of which are pro-government mouthpieces, have outlined with absolute clarity the arguments against the setting up of Provincial Councils as envisaged in the 13th Amendment.ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ Both recommend the District Council formula worked out between Dudley Senayake and the Federal Party.ƒÆ’-¡ And much against DJ’s minimum borders of Provincial Councils the Federal Party agreed to District Councils. So what is the rationale for DJ to insist on the borders of Provincial Councils?
Nor can DJ argue that The Sunday Times and The Daily MirrorƒÆ’-¡ represent what DJ calls “Sinhala-Buddhist chauvinism”ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ — hisƒÆ’-¡  bete noir — either.ƒÆ’-¡ Both haveƒÆ’-¡ condensed cogently the need for new thinkingƒÆ’-¡ on this vexed issue. It is time that DJ jumped out of Vadukoddai box and looked at the world around him in a more down-to-earthƒÆ’-¡ manner if he is to graspƒÆ’-¡ the new realities that will never submit to Machiavellian goni-billas either from the north or the west.

13a Decision Time and the Emperors without Clothes

July 3rd, 2013

Shenali D Waduge

Is it not strange that ALL the protagonists now coming forward to argue that the 13th amendment should continue to prevail alongside the provincial council system are ALL those who openly propagated the notion of ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ…-unwinnable warƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ and the federal option pushed by Western liberalists to devolve powers virtually equating to carving out a separate state no different to Sudan. We knew who those ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ…-unwinnable warƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ peddlers were and we now know that they are the same people giving voice to continuing the 13th amendment and the PC system some feebly threatening to resign! No one needs to threaten to resign – just resign the tax payer will be one or two burdens short!

It is now 25 years since the signing of the 13th amendment and the introduction of the provincial council system. The bandwagon of 13th amendment peddlers are easy to identify ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬”…” the remnants of Vijaya KumaratungaƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s party now enjoying Parliamentary portfolios, the 70yrs plus plus left oldies who should be thanking their stars that they still hold a national list parliamentary seat, the stooges of the former President who disappointed the entire nation and how can we leave out the Opposition which has a knack of always taking the wrong side of the opinion of the masses. At least these 13th amendment supporters have made their stand known but there are a far more dangerous lot of silent others within Government who also held ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ…-unwinnable warƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ theory but are cowards to come clean and take a stand. They must ALL now wonder how they would plead for re-election!

These are good lessons for the President himself for lavishing portfolios doesnƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢t necessarily bring loyalty and credibility and this is why J R was shrewd enough to obtain from all undated resignation letters. There are not many Gamini JayasuriyaƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s who place integrity to resign based on principles.

Nevertheless, we as a country are not interested in what a handful of opportunist MPs now beyond age of retirement think. The country endured 30 years of terrorism, the armed forces lost thousands of young men and women, while thousands more are disabled for life. Thousands of civilians also perished, property was destroyed, economy was affected and even the Tamils who fell victim to the LTTE also suffered. We are not interested in who suffered more or less. It is the future we must now think of and not the past. If we are to think of the future we must carefully pick every item that contributed and contributes to being an obstacle of building a prosperous Sri Lanka. We therefore must annihilate every obstacle that stands in the way of national security as the Defense Secretary has rightfully articulated.

13th amendment is one such obstacle. The Government came into power on the mandate that it would end the war and bring about peace. LTTE is just one obstacle to that peace, IndiaƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s 13th amendment is another. Sri Lanka does not need to be entertaining any MenonƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s just to please India. We are a sovereign nation and it is time we behaved as one. If the Government can take decisions when it wants to it should take a decision on the 13th amendment without any delays ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬”…” we have had enough of discussion and debate on this matter and the Defense Secretary echoes the voice of the entire nation of people who want to live in an united Sri Lanka.

As far as the TNA politicians are concerned their political future will be decided no sooner 6th amendment to Sri LankaƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s Constitution is read to them and we are puzzled why these advocates of separatism are given a carte blanche to go promoting separatism both locally and internationally without warning them that they are violating Sri LankaƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s Constitution.

There is absolutely no reason to continue with a legally questionable amendment such as the 13tha given that it has solved nothing for the citizens of Sri Lanka and if the Government continues to please India and an audience of Emperors who have now being exposed it would be making an ill-fated choice of going against the masses. All politicians know only the politics of numbers ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬”…” the decision is therefore very simple to take. There is no better time than NOW.

ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ…-Sri Lankan government hadnƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢t done anything to promote national reconciliationƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬: GTF

July 3rd, 2013

Asada M Erpini

According to a report in Island on 03 June, the Global Tamil Forum (GTF) states, ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ…-the Sri Lankan government hadnƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢t done anything to promote national reconciliationƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬.

ƒÆ’-¡ One may be tempted to ask the GTF and others of their ilk, ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ…-What have you done to promote reconciliation and to rebuild Sri Lanka?ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ Now that the country has had a chance to regain normalcy following the demise of the armed wing of the LTTE that brought mayhem to the one-peaceful island, all these do-gooders have ample opportunity to do something constructive, without finding fault with the government. All the evidence, on the contrary, indicates that, rather than thinking of reconciliation moves, what they have done is to promote dissension and segregation, and to profess that the (mythical) mono-ethnic Eelam is the panacea for all ills of the Tamils living in Sri Lanka and is the solution for the national question or the ethnic issue, whatever these may be.

ƒÆ’-¡ More than 80 percent of the foreign loans and foreign aid has been spent in rebuilding the North that the separatist Tamils claim, on fraudulent grounds, as a Tamil homeland. Although Sri Lanka has seven provinces in addition to the North and the East, the amount of development that occurs in these regions may only be a small fraction of what goes on in the North and the East.

ƒÆ’-¡ The LTTE backers and its vociferous propagandists based in the affluent countries have ample amounts of money gained through various questionable means: they hoodwinked the gullible public and have guaranteed a bloc vote to the corrupt, unprincipled politicians in the West, especially in countries such as Canada and the US. It is the near 300 million dollar annual earnings of the LTTE (JaneƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s Defense Weekly) that keep the fire of hatred against Sri Lanka and its majority Sinhalese burning and prompts GTF to accuse the Sri Lanka government. The huge arsenal that was used against the armed forces of the legally-constituted government and the explosives that destroyed the economic nerve centres of the country such as the Central Bank arrived in Sri Lanka thanks to the ill-gotten gains. Even now it is not too late for the GTF and their colleagues to work out mechanisms to invest a portion of this massive war kitty in different regions in Sri Lanka, which eventually will contribute to reconciliation.

ƒÆ’-¡ The members of GTF and the Trans National Government of Tamil Eelam, and other LTTE supporters, who desire only an occasional holiday in the tropical island, should leave the Tamils living in Sri Lanka alone to manage their lives as best as they can. Ethnic harmony is there in plenty in all parts of the country except in the North from which the LTTE chased out the Sinhalese and the Muslims who had been there for generations.

Why have we got to inform every thing we do to India ?

July 3rd, 2013

By Charles.S.Perera

The Defence Secretary Gotabhaya Rajapakse has rightly said , ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ…-Sri Lanka should not listen to India with regard to the implementation of the 13th Amendment as the national problem was inherently one that should be solved by Sri Lankans.ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ And added, ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ…-We should not listen to India on this; this doesnƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢t meant that we lose the relationship we have with India. But if there is a problem it should only be solved by Sri Lankans and not India,ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬

Perhaps as the big neighbour next door we should tell India what we are doing .ƒÆ’-¡  But India is not a friendly neighbour though we try to make it look like it is our best friend.ƒÆ’-¡  It was IndiaƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s manipulation into our internal affairs that hasƒÆ’-¡  allowed it to leave us with a sword of the Damocles. The time has come for us to remove it before it would fall on our heads.

How can we make India wise to look after it own business, when it is shivering with fear not wanting to invoke the wrath of a foolish womanƒÆ’-¡  Jayalalitha ofƒÆ’-¡  Tamil Nadu.ƒÆ’-¡  The great India is dancing to the tune of ƒÆ’-¡ a politically inept Jayalalitha despite its claim to leadership in Asia.

In the meantime we have our own foolish politicians who vow to take revenge from Sri Lanka if the 13Amenment is removed. ƒÆ’-¡ How can one understandƒÆ’-¡  Vasudeva NanyakkaraƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s determination even to leave the Government if the 13 Amendment is removed ?ƒÆ’-¡  The only reasonable explanation is that he wants to please his son-in-law who is apparently a Tamil-the Judge VigneswaranƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s son.

ThatƒÆ’-¡  is the explanation that could be drawn from his subsequentƒÆ’-¡  statement:

ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ…-We have taken an oath to accept the Constitution and although there may be diverse views regarding the 13th Amendment we have to accept it. It is the democratic right of the people to hold such views as the complete repealing of the 13th amendment or curtailing of its powersƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬

He is sitting between two chairs, not wanting to sit lest he would fall.ƒÆ’-¡  Vasudeva, orƒÆ’-¡  Rajitha SenaratneƒÆ’-¡  leaving the Government would be no great loss provided the government is able toƒÆ’-¡  remove theƒÆ’-¡  unwanted mole sticking out from the Constitution of Sri Lanka.

However, a wise advice to the government comes from an unlikely person , from an unlikely party.ƒÆ’-¡  Ravi Karunanayake from the UNP had said:

ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ…-If, the government is really committed as it says to diluting or scrapping devolution, do it now without looking for scapegoats and adopting time wasting exercises such as Parliamentary Select Committees. The ethnic conflict has been discussed for decades and all the issues and solutions have been identified. ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ…-

And how true is what Ravi Karunanayake says without mincing words: ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ…-The only thing left to do is implementation which is not forthcoming obviously due to the lack of guts in matching words with action.ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢

When can we expect the Government to develop its guts strong enough to do what is necessary, when its pride in elimination of terrorism seems to be waning as time passes by.

In the meantime the Government sends an emissary to India-Basil Rajapakse to meet Salman Kurshid the External Affairs Minister of India , and its National Security Advisor Shivasankar Menon, toƒÆ’-¡  ” ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬¦.brief them on the political situation including matters relating to the proposed amendments to the thirteenth amendment.”

Basil Rajapakse is unfortunately not meeting the correct people in India , he should have met Jayalalith instead as she is to-day the most politically important person in India, Manmohan Singh playing second fiddle to her.

Who have become the most vociferous people in Sri Lanka ro-day ?

It is the MPs of the LTTE proxi Party TNA.ƒÆ’-¡  TNA MP Premachandran says, ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ…-The aim of the PSC is to dilute the powers of the 13A. We can’t agree to that. We want 13 plus ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬. ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ Sampathan the leader of the TNA has said, ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ…-ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬¦.the attempt by the Government to weaken the 13th Amendment comes despite its continued commitment to India and the UN to implement the 13th Amendment to the Constitution in full, and go beyond and build upon it so as to achieve meaningful devolution.ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬

Sampanthan has added, that, ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ…-ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬¦ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬¦. in the absence of any Opposition member of Parliament, this PSC will be nothing but a sub-committee of the Government Parliamentary Group and not a Parliamentary Select Committee and will have no credibility whatsoever,ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬

In that case only thing Sampanthan has to doƒÆ’-¡  to make the PSC credible is to join it.ƒÆ’-¡  If he does not accept to participate in the PSC deliberations which is the most democratic thing to do, then he has to accept the decisions of the PSC taken in their absence.

In the mean time Rauf Hakeem who had been trustedƒÆ’-¡  by the government to make him the Minister of Justice of Sri Lanka had said, ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ…- The PSC must be put in the dust bin. There will be no main opposition, no TNA, no SLMC”, ƒÆ’-¡ showing that he is the most unfit person to be a trusted Minster of Justice of Sri Lanka.

As the Minister of Justice he should understand that PSC is a democratic Parliamentary procedure in keeping with the Constitution and it is the ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ…-dutyƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ of every parliamentarian to respect it and join its deliberations, and more so Rauf Hakeem the Minister of Justice.

Sarath Fonseka whose party is to contest the three PC elections has said, ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ…-ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬¦ amending the 13th Amendment to the Constitution at this juncture would disrupt the ethnic harmony in the country.ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬

It is not a correct evaluation of the 13Amendment. TheƒÆ’-¡  removal of the 13 AmendmentƒÆ’-¡  andƒÆ’-¡  drawingƒÆ’-¡  up a more representative system of regional administration will give a voice to ordinary Tamil People, who are now dominated by the high caste Tamil politicians who work for the separation of the Tamil people from the rest of the Communities.

The 13 Amendment left as it is will give power not to the local Tamil people at the grass root level but to those English speaking Vellalas from the diaspora and proxi terrorist TNA MPs.

Perhaps it would have been more appropriate to go to the people and remove the 13Amendment by a referendum, instead of loosing ƒÆ’-¡ further time removingƒÆ’-¡  clauses from here and there to water down the effect of the 13 Amendment.

It is not a watered down 13 Amendment that is necessary for Sri Lanka but the complete removal of it.

The Day The Mighty Indians Were Humbled By their Neighbours To The South Where There Were No Excuses For The Indians!

July 3rd, 2013

Top Spin By Suni

July 4th 2013

When Sri LankaƒÆ’-¡ delivered a resounding thrashingƒÆ’-¡ to India in a powerhouse bonus-point victory at Sabina Park, Jamaica, the post mortems and excuses seemed ludicrous coming from variousƒÆ’-¡ quarters including some from the commentary box as though India were the all time supreme cricket playing outfit in the world and invincible which the Lankans proved to the contrary.

ƒÆ’-¡ The laments were not only long drawn but at times petty as the Indians,ƒÆ’-¡ while granting them super star status in the cricket world by virtue of the World Cup and the Champion’s Tropy do have their achilles heels toƒÆ’-¡ worry about as was the case todayƒÆ’-¡ where all their big guns including the scintillating DawanƒÆ’-¡ failed to fire as the Lankans made merry, deserving every accollade towards being a team not to be trifled with in case the IndiansƒÆ’-¡ or anyone else thought they were pushovers.

ƒÆ’-¡ TheƒÆ’-¡  reason for India’s loss according to the opinionsƒÆ’-¡ ofƒÆ’-¡  Messers, Lal, Dujon, Cozier et al was deemed to beƒÆ’-¡ the absence of M.S. DhoniƒÆ’-¡  watching disconsolately from the pavilion. The one personƒÆ’-¡ whom they seemed to think might have singlehandedly piloted India to victoryƒÆ’-¡ but the fact of the matter which stoodout quite visibly in this resounding loss to Sri Lanka was that they were outplayed in every department of the game Dhoni notwithstanding. There was of course that element of bad luck that sometimes accompanies such contests, ” the guise ofƒÆ’-¡  aƒÆ’-¡ rudderless ship sans Dhoni “ƒÆ’-¡ as one commentator mused,ƒÆ’-¡ hard done by the odd umpiring decisions and perhaps the wrong judgement call to field first where Kohli appeared to be the greenhorn he categorically was but all in all no excuses for the comprehensive loss.

ƒÆ’-¡ And ifƒÆ’-¡  Dhoni’s absence is really a key factor then the IndiansƒÆ’-¡ may have a few worries to comeƒÆ’-¡ as there seems to be a good chance he may miss the rest of it as his injury seems to be a nagging one from which he might not recover for the rest of the series according to reports from the Carribean and also hinted at in the commentary box.

ƒÆ’-¡ SoƒÆ’-¡ as things stand,ƒÆ’-¡ India’s chances of making the tri-series finalƒÆ’-¡  nowƒÆ’-¡ seem dauntingƒÆ’-¡ as they need to win both remaining matchesƒÆ’-¡ where the West Indies have toƒÆ’-¡ beat Sri Lanka to avoid India needing a bonus point. It will be a testing time forƒÆ’-¡ the newƒÆ’-¡ Indian Captain Virat Kohli who needs to fill the shoes of his predecessor DhoniƒÆ’-¡ equitably,ƒÆ’-¡ perhaps a big askƒÆ’-¡ but it could bring out the best in the young Indian superstar, a worthy and befitting title and in which case the rest of the series could see some razzle dazzle by the Indians. and some spirited responses from both the Sri Lankans and the Windies who seem to be in cracking formƒÆ’-¡ taking into accountƒÆ’-¡ their wins, taking nothing away from the Lankans who perhaps were the underdogs against India but turned out to be top dogs as they systematically chewed up their opponents.

ƒÆ’-¡ Sri Lanka roared back to life after the loss to the Windies as their team putƒÆ’-¡ up a fine allround effort well co-ordinated by their youngƒÆ’-¡ skipper Angelo Mathews.ƒÆ’-¡ Put into bat by Kohli on what appeared to be a track favourable to the bowlersƒÆ’-¡ the LankanƒÆ’-¡ opening pair of Tharanga and JayawardenaƒÆ’-¡ handled the Indian pace and spinƒÆ’-¡ attack in cool and controlled fashion alhough both were let off the hook early with dropped chances and made the Indians pay dearly for their lapses.

ƒÆ’-¡ Both scored fine hundredsƒÆ’-¡ in even time, Jayawardena in all his elegant glory and finesse and Tharanga withƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ all the fire power and controlled hittingƒÆ’-¡ where the two were poetry in motion as far as opening partnerships go this one worth over 200 runsƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ with all the shots in the book and some outside it. It wasƒÆ’-¡ a dazzling display ofƒÆ’-¡  battingƒÆ’-¡  after a somewhat tentative start complimented by Mathew’s cameo after Jayawardena’s dismissal as the Lankans posted a near record breaking ODI total of 348 for 1 which the Indians seemed never in contention to chase successfully as they folded for 161.

ƒÆ’-¡ Lankan Skipper Mathews showedƒÆ’-¡ much poise and maturityƒÆ’-¡  withƒÆ’-¡  his field placings and bowling changes which he handledƒÆ’-¡ quite brilliantly never letting the Indian batsmen take control. Opening the bowling with Nuwan Kulasekera and using Lasith Malinga “the toe crusher”ƒÆ’-¡ in short bursts and bringing on spinners Herath and Senenayaka in tandemƒÆ’-¡  he orchestrated the debacle for the powerful Indian batting lineupƒÆ’-¡  quite effectively.ƒÆ’-¡ The resultƒÆ’-¡ seemed clinically acurate towards what might be in store for their opponents in the rest of the series if they co-ordinate as well as they did on this day when the Indians were humbled.



July 3rd, 2013



Friday 13th ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬”…” Saturday 14th December 2013 ƒÆ’-¡ 

Invitation to members of the public

organised by

The Dept. of Pali and Buddhist Studies, University of Sri Jayewardenapura

in association with

The Buddhist Times TrustƒÆ’-¡ 

ƒÆ’-¡ Academics and researchers are invited to present papers relating to Buddhism from a variety of disciplines

such as Philosophy, Civilisation, History, Psychology, Sociology, Buddhist Textual Languages and

Literature and other related disciplines in Humanities and Social Sciences. They can be presented in either

English and Sinhala. Abstracts of research papers should not exceed 350 words and must include: Title,

Author(s), Affiliation, Address, Tel/Fax, E-mail address. Abstracts can be sent by e-mail to with a copy to as attachment in Word, or by fax to

Fax No: 0112803196 by post to The Head, Department of Pali and Buddhist Studies, University of Sri


ƒÆ’-¡ Deadline for Submission of Abstracts: 1stƒÆ’-¡  September 2013

Announcement of Acceptance: 30th September 2013

Submission of Full Papers: 30th November 2013

Coordinators: Ven. Dr. Magammana Pannananda Thera ( 0779303407)

Ven. Dr. Medagampitiye Wijithadhamma Thera ( 0714511863)

Ven. Panahaduwe Yasassi Thera ( 0714879654)

Ven. Witharandeniye Chandrasiri Thera (ƒÆ’-¡ 0714932942)

Convenor:ƒÆ’-¡  Dr. Hema Goonatilake ( /077-6261374

Dr D S Bandarage ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬”…” ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ”¹…”Father of Modern Management of Sri LankaƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢ ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬”…” 4th Death Anniversary Fell on 1 July 2013 – A Dynamic Management Guru ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬”…” A Noble Man of Superior Qualities

July 3rd, 2013

Jayaweera M Kumarasinghe

Dr D S Bandarage left us forever from this world on 1 July 2009. It was a very sad ending for the much renowned Management Guru of the 50s up to the ƒÆ’-¡ 2000s.

For those who associated him, Dr Bandarage was seemedƒÆ’-¡  immortal.ƒÆ’-¡  The aura that spread from him was noble and powerful, anyone would show ƒÆ’-¡ respect to him. People would naturally get up from their chairs when they would see him approaching them. That was solely due to the respect people had for the Great Man, Dr DS Bandarage.

It was very sad and surprising to hear that someone in the stature of Dr Bandarage had been lying helplessly in a hospital bed at Apollo Hospital withƒÆ’-¡  tubes connected to his body, unable to speak, eat or drink.ƒÆ’-¡  He had remained in that state for about two months, before succumbing in the wee hours of 1 July 2009.ƒÆ’-¡  This reinforces us ƒÆ’-¡ what the Lord Buddha had taught us – that life is impermanent. Dr Bandarage led a very fine meritorious, exemplary life.

ƒÆ’-¡ When D S Bandarage was born to his upper middle class parents, Baron Gunawardana Bandarage and Margaret Hewawasam Bandarage of Kaikawala, Induruwa, they may have never thought that their eldest son will become such a gigantic figure in Sri LankaƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s Management field.ƒÆ’-¡  But, that is exactly what happened.

ƒÆ’-¡ From very young age, Devapriya Bandarage showed signs of extra ordinary talent for studies. ƒÆ’-¡ He became first in class at his village primary school, then became 1st in the whole of the Southern Province by winning the coveted Valencia Rupasinghe trophy for the most outstanding student from Southern Province to gain admission to grade 2 at Ananda College, Colombo.

ƒÆ’-¡ After an illustrious studenthood at Ananda, young Bandarage went on to do an Oriental Studies degree, later completed his Management Studies from reputed universities in the UK and Australia.ƒÆ’-¡  In the 70s he was awarded the Doctorate of Human Resources Management by a US university.

Dr Bandarage had his full education at Ananda College. At Ananda young Bandarage flourished with academic achievements plus extra-curricular activities.ƒÆ’-¡  He excelled in studies.ƒÆ’-¡  Young Bandarage was instrumental in forming the ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ…-Bosath Lama SamajayaƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ under the patronage of the then teachers, LH Meththananda, P.De S. Kularatne, Ven Balangoda Ananda Maithree Thero and Sagara Palansuriya (then a Buddhist Monk).ƒÆ’-¡  The members of the Bosath Lama Samajaya included some latter day luminaries as Ananda Tissa De Alwis (former Minister), Ranapala Bodhinagoda (former Chairman ANCL), Duncan De Alwis (former Colombo GA), LBT Premarathna (former Solicitor General), P L Berty Silva (former Postmaster General),ƒÆ’-¡  P Walter De Silva (first Sinhalese Army Commander) and LS Perera (Banker). Dr Bandarage was the President of ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ…-Bosath Lama SamajayaƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬.

Dr Bandarage was unfortunate to have lost his father, who was a school principal, at young age.ƒÆ’-¡  While growing up as a teenager and until his early 20s he lived in the posh residences in Colombo 7 of his uncle, the legendary, Mr Ponnamperuma, the then Assistant Commissioner of State Languages.

After an illustrious studenthood, young Bandarage commenced working in the corporate sector. A watershed in Sri LankaƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s corporate world arose in mid/late 1940s when Dr Bandarage was appointed as the first ever native born Personnel Manager of a multinational Company in then Ceylon, namely, Shell Company of Ceylon Ltd. During that time most of the top corporate positions in Ceylon were held by the British.

At Shell, Dr Bandarage had an enormous task ahead.ƒÆ’-¡  He knew that not only he must succeed himself but must also prove to his white masters that they made the right decision. At that time the white company directors though they liked Sri Lankan staff were reluctant to offer them anything more than middle management level positions. They thought the locals may not be able to do the top senior executive jobs as good as them. Thus, such positions (especially in the big multinational companies) were rarely offered to the locals. ƒÆ’-¡ 

Dr Bandarage knew that if he failed, the doors in Ceylonese corporate world, in the field of human resources of management may be closed for Ceylonese for many more years to come.

Fortunately WHS Bing (the then Chef Executive of Shell) liked Dr Bandarage and the relationship between the two of them progressed very well.ƒÆ’-¡  Bing gave every encouragement to young ƒÆ’-¡ Bandarage to succeed as the Personnel Manager, and so he did.ƒÆ’-¡  Dr Bandarage demonstrated to the British and other European directors of Shell of his incredible talent and managerial skills as a Human Resources Manager/Specialist.

Dr BandarageƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s English was better than that of his white masters.ƒÆ’-¡  Intellectually, he was far superior than members of hisƒÆ’-¡  European Board of Directors.ƒÆ’-¡  The whites knew this. His luck was that his superiors were not jealous of his skills and abilities, they simply encouraged him to prosper.

By judging Dr Bandarage, the Europeans realised that the dark skinned Ceylonese could do the same jobs that they do or even better than them. The success of Dr Bandarage at Shell, led many other top level companies to establish personnel departments (human resources departments) in then Ceylon.ƒÆ’-¡  Noteworthy among them were Lever Brothers (now Unilever), rated as the best multinational company to work in then Ceylon.ƒÆ’-¡ 

Other top level companies of the era included Ceylon Tobacco Company, Walkers, Browns, Whittal Boustead, Lipton, Brooke Bond, Carson Cumberbatch, Aitkin Spence, British Ceylon Corporation (BCC), Collets, Freudenberg, Rowlands, Pfizer, Hayles, Mackwoods, Pure Beverages, John Keels, Ceylon Nutritional Foods (now Nestle), Walker and Greig, Baurs, CIC, Ceylon Cold Stores Ltd (Elephant House), Bartleets, Muller and Phipps, JL Morrison Son & Jones, and United Motors, to name some.

In the early 50s Shell Company was in some form of strife with the GovernmentƒÆ’-¡  and its top managers left the company, and theƒÆ’-¡  company was finally wounded up.ƒÆ’-¡  Dr Bandarage was quickly absorbed into Lever Brothers by its legendary Chairman, J D Mould and its Scottish Managing Director, Mr Baberlomax.ƒÆ’-¡ 

Dr Bandarage spent nearly 18 years at Levers which time he positively revolutionized the personnel management system not only within Levers but the entire Sri Lanka (then Ceylon).

At Levers Dr Bandarage was determined to unlock doors of executive and senior executive positions to Sri Lankan born lads, especially those from rural backgrounds, if they were clever and intelligent. He was looking for young talent who had brilliant academic records and those who could handle or improve ƒÆ’-¡ English well.ƒÆ’-¡  He was not bothered whether the candidates came from poor backgrounds or villages, his motto was to give the ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ”¹…”best job to the best qualified personƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢, disregarding colour, creed, caste, gender and race of the individual.ƒÆ’-¡  Thus, only the most qualified and skilledƒÆ’-¡  people were able to secure employment at Levers.ƒÆ’-¡  Dr Bandarage had stated to the white masters ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ…-if the candidate was the best suited, I will give them the job, purely on merit, no matter what the background wasƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬.ƒÆ’-¡ 

This strict ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ”¹…”non-discriminatoryƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢ policy of his at Levers (which heƒÆ’-¡  later practised at other places) effectively unlocked managerial positions to many rural youth who would otherwise never have had the opportunity to get in to CeylonƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s corporate sector.ƒÆ’-¡  Previously persons who studied in such schools as Royal, St Thomas, St Peters, St Josephs, Trinity, St AnthonyƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s, St BridgetƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s, Ladies and Bishops and the elite Tamil schools in Jaffna and Batticaloe were only able to get top jobs in the top private sector firms.ƒÆ’-¡ 

At (Shell and) Levers, Dr Bandarage changed this culture; for the countryƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s good fortunate, his white masters approved of this policy. Especially, ƒÆ’-¡ J D Mould, a kind and very fine corporate boss of the time, proactively supported Dr Bandarage.ƒÆ’-¡  This revolution that he introduced spreaded to other mercantile establishments who followed suit.

During Dr BandarageƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s time at Shell and Levers, there was not a single strike – in both places (during this time the country was turmoiled with trade union actions with leftist Trade Unions having a big say).

During his sojourn at Levers Dr Bandarage created and published the very popular magazine ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ…-Lever PavulaƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ in English and Sinhalese, which was a fantastic read of the time.ƒÆ’-¡  It basically brought together all of the staff, no matter who they were. ƒÆ’-¡ Lever Pavula showed to the world that at Levers everyone was equal (ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ”¹…”One FamilyƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢). It was such a ƒÆ’-¡ popular magazine people outside of the ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ”¹…”Lever FamilyƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢ eagerly waited to read it every month. Through Lever Pavula, Dr Bandarage allowed journalists like Mahanama Dissanayake (then Lankadeepa editor), DB Dhanapala (Dawasa Supremo) to do write ups. Gunadasa Liyanage was introduced to journalism through Lever Pavula. Dr Bandarage was ably supported by Ariyapala Pathirana, who was a sub editor of Lever Pavula. Only a genius could produce ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ”¹…”Lever PavulaƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢; it was Dr Bandarage.

Dr Bandarage went and recruited a number of managers for Levers, some of them became luminaries in Sri LankaƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s corporate world.ƒÆ’-¡  Some of Dr BandarageƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s recruits included such management luminaries of contemporary Sri Lanka (considered as Sri LankaƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s management legends) as Stanley Jayawardana (later became Chairman of Levers), Gilbert Jayasuriya (later Director of Levers),ƒÆ’-¡  Sam Jayasuriya, Dr Seevali Ratwatte, Ariyapala Pathirana, ƒÆ’-¡ Upali WIjewardane (late billionaire tycoon), S De La Mott, and J Ariyanathan etc.

In his career as a Personnel Management Professional/Company Director, ƒÆ’-¡ Dr Bandarage had providedƒÆ’-¡  traineeships and employment to many thousands of Sri Lankans, selected solely on merit. The white employers at Shell and Levers were amazed in the skillful way Dr Bandarage devised human resources management strategies to identify the talents and abilitiesƒÆ’-¡  of the prospective job seekers. Dr BandarageƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s staff would ƒÆ’-¡ shortlist and finally recruit the best persons for the firm, after providing them with the best possible package deal. The salary cum other incentive packages afforded by Levers at that time was far better than for someone going overseas (western world) to work.

As stated before Dr BandarageƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s main ambition was to screen and employ the cream of Sri Lankan talent into top positions of the Sri Lankan private companies that he was associated with.ƒÆ’-¡  He did this task remarkably well.ƒÆ’-¡  When doing this not only did he always have the best interests of his company at heart, but also of the country and the candidates that he interviewed.ƒÆ’-¡  For example, it was Dr Bandarage who dissuaded the Film Legend, Gamini Fonseka from joining Levers,ƒÆ’-¡  saying to Gamini that his future lied in film industry;ƒÆ’-¡  Gamini should not take up the Marketing Representative position that Levers had offered him but should continue with acting. ApparentlyƒÆ’-¡  Gamini had vehemently wanted the Levers job as opposed to his acting career which he had then just started.ƒÆ’-¡  He wanted to give up acting in lieu of the lucrative career at Levers. Being a visionary, Dr Bandarage saw that though Gamini would be an asset to Levers, it was in GaminiƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s and the countryƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s best interests that he continued with films. One day Gamini had gone and put a garland around Dr Bandarage in public to thank him ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬”…”precisely, at Belihul Oya Rest House in the 70s, where Dr Bandarage had been with some friends. Gamini had stated but for Dr BandarageƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s advice he would have lost the acting career.

ƒÆ’-¡ Dr Bandarage had realised that Sri Lanka as a young nation, which had just obtained independence, it vehemently required teams of talented mangers for its emerging mercantile sector, and that doors must be opened up for the best and the brightest, irrespective of their race, creed, class or caste.

Those who tried to canvass him to obtain jobs by various ways and means wereƒÆ’-¡  immediately disqualified from the selection process. It is stated that Dr Bandarage had stated ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ”¹…”noƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢ to very influential politicians and top business persons who had wanted to put their stooges into the companies that Dr Bandarage was involved in. When Dr Bandarage had refused, they had respected his decision.

It is stated that at Levers he ran ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ”¹…”on the job trainingƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢ for the staff so well that the parent company in the UK started sending their staff to Sri Lanka for training, so did Hindustan Levers in India (previously Sri Lankans were sent to those institutions for training).

In the fifties and sixties Dr Bandarage had emerged as a giant in Sri LankaƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s Management field.ƒÆ’-¡  Along with Sir Cyril De Zoysa (then Chairman of Associated Motorways group), he established the Institute of Personnel Management (Inc).ƒÆ’-¡  This was way back in 1960.ƒÆ’-¡  In the formative years of the institute, Sir Cyril was the President and Dr Bandarage was the Secretary of the institute. Later, Dr Bandarage became the President of the Institute and held this position for a long time – he was the President in the 60s and then again for a spell of time in the 80s. He is the first Fellow of the Institute of Personnel Management in Sri Lanka ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬”…” bestowed on him on 1 November 1976, when Brigadier Cecil Caldera was the President of IPM. ƒÆ’-¡ 

At a recent Council Meeting (2013) at the Institute of Personnel Management (IPM), attended by the entre IPM Council, a large collection of historical newspaper articles (mostly published in Lake House Newspapers – Ceylon Daily News, the Evening and Sunday Observer) from 1950sƒÆ’-¡  onwards and books on Management (3) written by Dr D S Bandarage, were presented to the IPM by Dr BandarageƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s son Mr. Chanaka Bandarage, a Barrister/Solicitor of the SupremeƒÆ’-¡  Court of NSW and the Australian Capital Territory.

Among theƒÆ’-¡  articles presented are information about the 1949 ILO funded Personnel Management Seminar held in Ceylon where the need for a professional Personnel Management Organisation was first raised (the then Government was represented at this Seminar by Hon M D Banda , Minister of Labour and Dr D S Bandarage represented the EmployerƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s delegation).

In 1959 an ILO sponsored workshop of Personnel Executives was held in Sri Lanka with Dr. Bandarage playing ƒÆ’-¡ the leading role of organisation. Just prior to the Seminar in late November 1959, he wrote an article in the Ceylon Daily News – on 17 November 1959, wherein he emphasized the need to establish and Institute of Personnel Management (IPM) and even presented a draft constitution of the Institute.

The Institute of Personnel Management was formally inaugurated on Friday 22 April 1960 at the CISIR auditorium in Bullers Road, Colombo at a gathering of Subscriber Members, chaired by Senator Hon Sir CyrilƒÆ’-¡  de Soysa. The only surviving IPM Council Member that attended the function is Mr LS Peiris (FIPM), the then Assistant Personnel Manager, Ceylon Transport Board (CTB). Currently, he is the Assistant Treasurer of IPM.

That very day, 22 April 1960, a comprehensive article written by Dr Bandarage was published in the Ceylon Daily News under the title ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ…-An Institute of Personnel Management will be inaugurated todayƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬.ƒÆ’-¡  This is a very valuable historical document for the management fraternity in Sri Lanka

AnotherƒÆ’-¡  ILO conference on Personnel Management was held at the same CISIR Auditorium in 1964 where the IPM introduced the Handbook ofƒÆ’-¡  Personnel Management (Ceylon) edited by Dr Bandarage.

Dr Bandarage established a close link with the IPM until his demise from this worldƒÆ’-¡  in 2009.ƒÆ’-¡  When IPM was in strife in early 1980s and nowhere to go,ƒÆ’-¡  Dr. Bandarage took the Institution to his home at 7 Ohlums Place, Colombo 8. Mr Chanaka Bandarage stated at the Council Meeting ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ…-One early morning we were astonished to see many filing cabinets, tables etc. piled up on our front lawn. This saved the IPM from a possible close down.ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬

ƒÆ’-¡ At the Council meeting, Mr Chanaka Bandarage observed that IPM has grown to be a giant among Sri LankaƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s Professional Organisations. He stated that during the times when his father,ƒÆ’-¡  Dr Bandarage was a Council Member, Secretary and President of IPM, he worked exceptionallyƒÆ’-¡  hard to build the Institute. Most of the key documents of the Institute, especially in its formative years, were drafted by Dr. Bandarage, including the Memorandum of Articles and Articles of Association, the By-Laws and many IPM Course Syllabuses. At the IPM National Conference in 2003, the Institute bestowed upon him its highest award ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬”…” the ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ”¹…”IPM Gold MedalƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢. He was the First Recipient of this prestigious award.

Today the IPM boasts of having being firmly established in Sri Lanka. It is housed in a multi storey set up in Colombo 5 with hundreds of staff working.ƒÆ’-¡  The IPM must profoundly thank Dr Bandarage for his untiring efforts to bring it into todayƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s position. It was Dr Bandarage who accredited the IPM with other leading Management institutions in the western world, especially with the bodies in the UK and Australia.

With such management luminaries as Mallory Wijesinghe, Ananda Tissa De Alwis, Brigadier Cecil Caldera, Lalith Godamune, Sena Mahawatthe, Mansour Ghouse, Dr Ranjith Cabraal,ƒÆ’-¡  MC Mathupala, Leo Samson, K Deraniyagala, ƒÆ’-¡ Gerry Hidellearachchi, Cyril Chinnaih, Upali Wickramasekera etc., Dr Bandarage was involved in the establishment and improvement of several Management Development Institutes in Sri Lanka. The Institute of Management of Ceylon (now Sri Lanka) is one of them, where he was a founder member with Mallory Wijesinghe being the first President (in 1978).ƒÆ’-¡  Dr Bandarage served in the Council of this institute for a long time.

Dr Bandarage served as a visiting lecturer of Management Studies at the Universities of Colombo and Sri Jayawardanapura. His contemporaries at the universities ƒÆ’-¡ included Professor Gunapala Nanayakkara, Professor Karunasena Kodituwakku, Dr Kamal Karunanayake etc. ƒÆ’-¡ In fact, it was only few years ago prior to his death that Dr Bandarage finished his sojourn with these universities.ƒÆ’-¡ 

Dr Bandarage was a long standing panel member in the recruitment to the Ceylon Civil Service (later Sri Lanka Administrative Services).ƒÆ’-¡  Thanks to Dr BandarageƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s brilliant teaching hundreds of educated youth from rural Sri Lankan villages ended becoming senior public servants, including Government Agents and Departmental Secretaries.ƒÆ’-¡ 

During the Prime Ministership of Dudley Seneanyake Dr Bandarage was assigned to study and report to the government re the formulation of the Five (5) Day week.ƒÆ’-¡  Dr Bandarage did substantive studies both locally and overseas and recommended to the then government (the Ministry was held by J R Jayawardana) that Sri Lanka should implement a 5 day working week (until then Sri Lanka had a 5 ƒÆ’-¡½ day week, where people worked ƒÆ’-¡½ day on Saturday).ƒÆ’-¡  The present day workforce must be thankful to late Dr Bandarage for fighting for them to get the 5 day working week, which is still in existence.

In 1964 or so Dr Bandarage edited the ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ…-Handbook of Personnel Management for CeylonƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ which book is even today regarded by the Sri LankaƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s management fraternity as the ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ”¹…”BibleƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢ of Sri Lankan Management.ƒÆ’-¡  It is somewhat impossible for any Personnel Management professional to operate without this Handbook.

Dr Bandarage had written several books on Management Studies, first in English, later in the 90s in Sinhalese.ƒÆ’-¡  Noteworthy among them are the books ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ…-Case Methods in ManagementƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ…-AdministrativeƒÆ’-¡  ManagementƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬, ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ…-Comprehensive ManagementƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬, ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ”¹…”ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ·”…¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶º ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ·”…¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢ and ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ”¹…”ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‚¦ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶¶ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶°ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢ .ƒÆ’-¡  These are considered landmark text book in the Management Studies of Sri Lanka.

Dr Bandarage had written innumerable number of articles on Modern Management which had been published in the Sri Lankan and Asian/US newspapers and journals. He had been interviewed on BBC about Sri LankaƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s Management field.

After an exceptional career Dr Bandarage left Levers at its General Manager in the late 1960s and set himself up as a Management Consultant.ƒÆ’-¡  Dr Bandarage is unarguably Sri LankaƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s first ever Management Consultant.ƒÆ’-¡  His company,ƒÆ’-¡  Sudharshan Ltd was a top level company that provided Management Consultancy to so many companies in Sri Lanka (medium and large scale companies).ƒÆ’-¡  The help he had rendered to Sri LankaƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s private sector is unprecedented.

In 1970 Dr Bandarage was appointed as Chairman of the National Textile Corporation.ƒÆ’-¡  This appointment of him was a non-political appointment where the then Mrs Sirima Bandaranaike Government ƒÆ’-¡ had stuck to theƒÆ’-¡  principle of ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ”¹…”giving the best positions of the government to the best qualified people, solely on meritƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢.ƒÆ’-¡  Dr Bandarage ran the National Textile Corporation somewhat like a private company, where strict discipline and able administration was hallmark of the day. He brought the management and minor staff together through New Year, Wesak, Christmas and other festivals. Corruption was unheard under his leadership. He used the official vehicle only for official purposes; himself and his family used the private family car for private trips. ƒÆ’-¡ In addition to the two giant textile mills, Thulhiriya and Veyangoda; Dr Bandarage prepared the groundwork to start two new mills in Minneriya and Mattegoda, both of which were later established.

To everyoneƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s surprise Dr Bandarage showed profits shortly after taking over the reins of the National Textile Corporation (today the National Textile Corporation is permanently dead and all the four factories are closed down).ƒÆ’-¡ 

In late 1970s and early 1980 Dr Bandarage served as a UN adviser in Africa.ƒÆ’-¡  The Kenyan Government, including the then Prime Minister of Kenya, Daniel Arap Moi, felicitated Dr BandarageƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s efforts to rehabilitate and streamline KenyaƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s ailing management and administrative system. A special trophy was presented to him by the Kenya Institute of Administration for the services he rendered to that country. The function was presided over by Mr Moi.

Dr Bandarage associated with the late Upali Wijewardane and helped him to become one of the most successful business entrepreneurs in Asia (it was Dr Bandarage who recruited Upali to LeversƒÆ’-¡  as a Management Trainee in the early 60s, after his return to the country with a MA from Cambridge).ƒÆ’-¡ 

Mr Upali Wijewardane, unarguably the richest man of Sri Lanka ever, considered Dr Bandarage as his right and left hand man (personal friend and top most adviser).ƒÆ’-¡  Dr Bandarage was very saddened by the untimely loss of life of the Great Sri Lankan son, Upali WIjewardane, which occurred in the early 1980s.ƒÆ’-¡  Dr Bandarage served as a Consultant/Director of Upali Group. When Mr Upali WIjewardane started his newspaper company, he especially requested Dr Bandarage to pick up the best journalistic talent available in the country at that time. Some of them still work for ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ”¹…”The IslandƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢ and ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ”¹…”ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢.

Why Dr Bandarage should be considered as Sri LankaƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ”¹…”Father of Modern ƒÆ’-¡ ManagementƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢ is because he was the pioneer in the field of Modern Management in Sri Lanka. As stated before, he was the first ever Personnel Manager to be appointed in Sri Lanka. He wrote extensively on Management, especially personnel management. In the 50s and 60s the topic, ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ”¹…”ManagementƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢ was akin to ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ”¹…”GreekƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢ to many Sri Lankans, who did not have a clue about it. ƒÆ’-¡ Dr Bandarage wrote hundreds of articles in simple, easy to understand language. Dr Bandarage lectured on Management in the universities; he unlocked doors in Sri LankaƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s co-operate world to qualified young people from disadvantaged backgrounds and he was associated in forming most of the professional Management Associations of Sri Lanka. He had been a mentor to many thousands of aspiring management professionals.

Thus, Dr Bandarage is well suited to be regarded as the ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ”¹…”Father of Modern Management of Sri LankaƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢.

Thanks to Dr BandarageƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s contributory efforts and groundwork Sri Lanka today is well abundant with a huge reservoir of managemental talent.ƒÆ’-¡ 

Dr Bandarage had close association with the NIBM, Lanka Foundation Institute, CISIRO and SLIDA and the Sri Lanka Society for the Advancement of Science.

In the last two or three decades prior to his death Dr Bandarage had not only been involved with management development activities of Sri Lanka, but also in the propagation of Buddhism.ƒÆ’-¡  Being a great Buddhist and a philanthropist himself, in the years preceding his death Dr Bandarage had lavishly donated monies to charities and Buddhist institutions, especially towards the propagation of Sinhala Buddhist values in rural and urban Sri Lanka.ƒÆ’-¡ 


Dr Bandarage had been a long standing active member of the All Ceylon Buddhist Congress (ACBC) and the YMBA.ƒÆ’-¡  Dr Bandarage presided over many committees of ƒÆ’-¡ the ACBC and helped the ACBC to grow from a small organisation to a mammoth one.ƒÆ’-¡  He served as Secretary of the Colombo YMBA. He was closely involved with the World Fellowship of Buddhists (WFB) and represented the country at many WFB conferences. Dr Bandarage worked in close collaboration with such Buddhist luminaries of then Ceylon/Sri Lanka as Professor GP Malalasekera, HW Amarasuriya, Albert Edirisinghe, Boghoda Premarathne, YR Piyasena, Douglas Umagiliya, JW Piyatissa, Thomas Amarasuriya, Lawrence Thudawe, HK Dharmadasa, PC Perera, and Leelananda Caldera to name a few.

Apart from Buddhist activities he was involved with many social welfare work for the community (down trodden people). For many years he was the President of the North Colombo Lions Club, an active member of the Jaycees, SSC and the Colombo Mid Town Rotary Club. As an active playingƒÆ’-¡  member of the Royal Colombo Golf Club (RCG) he is well known to have first introduced a golf tournament solely for the golf caddis (the poor boys who were previously only confined to carrying the golf bags of the ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ”¹…”higher classƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢) .

Until his death the doors of Dr BandarageƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s posh residence at 7 Ohlums Place in Colombo 8 were open to the down trodden to come and relate their unfortunate plight.ƒÆ’-¡  Dr Bandarage helped them with words and deeds.ƒÆ’-¡  On every Sunday until a few years before his death he conducted classes to disadvantaged university graduates numbering about 20 who were studying for the administrative services exam (former Civil Service exam where he was an examiner and interviewer).ƒÆ’-¡  These classes were conducted free of charge at his home. Not only he provided the students with free lessons, he also provided them with free food and gave money for travel. On certain Sundays/Poya Days ƒÆ’-¡ Dr Bandarage would call many beggars in Borella area to his residence and offer them sumptuous fresh food laid out on a table and give them many gifts, moneyƒÆ’-¡  and those who want a bath he would offer them thoseƒÆ’-¡  facilities as well. He would donate new clothes to those unfortunate people, those who are excluded by the mainstream society.

Dr Bandarage was a kind person. To him, the whole world was like his family. He truly believed and practised in the concept that the ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ”¹…”manƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s most noblest duty is to help the fellow manƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢. ƒÆ’-¡ He helped so many people without anticipating an iota of personal benefit for himself or his family in return.

We must not forget that it is such distinguished personalities as Dr Bandarage who first started fighting for the motherland against the Tamil Extremist elements. It is people like Dr Bandarage who had taught us that we Sinhalese can also form organisations to fight to save our country, language and religion (Buddhism). Along with such a wide array of people as ƒÆ’-¡ Dr Ediriweera Sarathchandra, Gamini Iriyagolla, Dr ƒÆ’-¡ De Soysa, Gamini Jayasuriya, Padma Bailey, Ven Madihe Panyaseehe Thero, Ven Ampitiye Rahula Thero, Ven Keethalagala SeelankaraƒÆ’-¡  Thero (Dimbulagala Thero), Ven Madhuluwawe Sobhitha Thero, Ven Bengamuwe Nalaka Thero, he formed patriotic associations and worked very hard ƒÆ’-¡ to save the motherland from the extremist, separatist elements (this was in late 1970 s, up to 1990s). Dr Bandarage was closely associated with the Sinhala Balamandalaya, Mawubima Surekime Sanvidhanaya (Mrs Bandaranaike was the President, Dr Bandarage was the Secretary), Sinhala Sangvardhana Sanvidanaya and Sinhala EmployersƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢ Federation.

Having known him personally well, the writer could boldly say that Dr Bandarage was a remarkable man with so much wisdom, distinction and persona.ƒÆ’-¡  Anyone who had met him will never forget the meeting of the Great Man ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬”…” his kindness, warmth, due care and regard shown to the other and his natural tendency to help the person in front of him. Dr Bandarage had an exceptionally distinguished personality ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬”…” this is sadly lacking in many of the contemporary leaders of the country (both in the public and private sectors).ƒÆ’-¡ 

Dr Bandarage left us this world on 1 July 209. May he attain Nibbana.

ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ”¹…”TIMEƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢ Magazine was wrong: Burmese nationalist monk Wirathu stands vindicated

July 3rd, 2013

Shenali D Waduge

ƒÆ’-¡ There is a common thread that runs through the histories of Buddhist countries; they have all been the victim at one time or the other of aggressive incursions made by people of Abrahamic faiths i.e. Christians or Muslims. This process has not ended. It still continues unabated and with greater ferocity. When prominence is given to ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ…-reconciliationƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ their incursions have yet to be apologized or compensated.

One thousand years ago Buddhist Asia ranged from Afghanistan to Japan. Today countries such as Afghanistan, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Maldives, Malaysia, Indonesia, Philippines, and South Korea are no longer identified as Buddhist. Several other traditional Theravada Buddhist countries such as Myanmar, Thailand and Sri Lanka today find themselves besieged by forces more powerful and predatory than their slender resources can match. Their appeal to the call for Buddhist nationalism is a last resort to preserve their heritage, religion and country to ensure history is not repeated.ƒÆ’-¡ 

The situation in Myanmar (Burma) must be understood in such context. The latest issue of ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ”¹…”TimeƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢ Magazine (July 1, 2013) has got it all wrong when it accused the leading defenders of the Buddhist heritage of Burma as terrorist. Western colonial countries and their Islamic acolytes have never admired Buddhist heroes or those who resisted European or Islamic conquests of Buddhist lands.

The Time magazineƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s July 1 issue cover story, ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ…-When Buddhists Go Bad,ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ depicting a photo of nationalist monk U Wirathu with the headline ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ…-The Face of Buddhist Terror ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ is easily explicable in the context of Western imperialism and its unrelenting propaganda campaign to demonise, denigrate and slander all those who stand in the way of their territorial and economic conquests.

It is also an unspoken but sordid fact that today Western media including big names like Time Magazine are at the service ofƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ Saudi, Qatar, Turkish and OIC petro dollar funds to defame, distort and spread vile propaganda against Buddhism and its defenders.ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ 

WorldƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s Media ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬”…” Held Captive by Oligarchies

Six companies control 96% of the worldƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s media which has been criminally complicit in covering up the WestƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s war crimes and functioned as propagandists for what we now know were lies to facilitate Illegal Wars of Aggression. Media is tasked to psychologically manipulate people through various strategies; Time Inc is part of that global media lie factory so when it christens its July cover asƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ…-Face of Buddhist TerrorƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’-¡ and gets its China bureau chief and East Asia correspondent to write an article titledƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ…-When Buddhists Go BadƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’-¡ it is nothing but unethical journalism because monk WirathuƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s letter shows that Hanna Beech has violated media ethics by incorporating statements that Wirathu had not made. Time Magazine owes it to Burma to publish monk WirathuƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s letter on Time and publicly apologize for misquoting monk Wirathu.ƒÆ’-¡ƒÆ’-¡ 

Asia is tomorrowƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s future. Asia is still pre – dominantly Buddhist. Buddhists are people internally motivated and therefore the strategy is to use media to demonize Buddhists while using the weapon of arms and ammunition with hired rebel movements to do the rest of the dirty work. Funded by Anglo-Americans and assisted by Wahhabis, various strategies are now being used to denigrate, divide and demoralize Buddhists amongst themselves and with the other communities around them. Individuals who are nationalists and able to rally public opinion become targets for rebuke. We know the fate that befell CongoƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s Lumumba and BurmaƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s own martyr Gen. Aung San at the hands of these Anglo-Americans because they were an obstacle to their overall objective. Therefore, Buddhist monk Wirathu becoming the latest victim of media onslaughts is nothing new. It is obvious that monk WirathuƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ…-nationalismƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ is what the West abhors and why he is being targeted in an internationally funded campaign to discredit him. ƒÆ’-¡ 

WirathuƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s response

Hannah BeechƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s article cannot be read and accepted unless monk WirathuƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s response gains the same prominence given that he accuses her of lying.ƒÆ’-¡ 

ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ…-I could not see the hatred behind
your smiles. I could not see your
ruthlessness under your tender

I could not see your deceit under
your sweet words it is like blade
covered by honey.

I did not think that a gentle and
beautiful girl like you have the
ruthless heart of performing savages
attack on us to be heard all over the
world. I could not think that
because of my background may be as
you said I was a vagabond.ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬

Therefore on what grounds of truth and morality does Time Magazine or Hannah Beech have to bring down the international condemnation gavel on Burma, monk Wirathu or Buddhists of the world?

ƒÆ’-¡ My preaching is not burning with hatred as you say. Only your writing is full of hate speech.

We can forgive the misunderstanding. We can forgive wrong conclusion. But will you deny that your hatred words targeted me to tarnish my reputation.

Please recheck your words and the words that I preached.

ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ…-Now is not the time for calm.ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬

ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ…-Now is the time to rise up to make your blood boil.ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ These are your words.

Now I show my words.

969 is for peace,

We should preserve these noble reputations of Buddha, Dhamma and Sangha.

For our National cause, our Culture and our Faith,

We will avoid terror act.

Upholding three gems (Buddha, Dhamma, Sangha)

We will perform with honesty, diligence and determined attempts.

For our national cause,

We will carry out it warmly without ignorance.ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬

These are my words. It is clear that you made savage attack against me by comparing my words and your words.

Legacy of Western imperialism

It is obvious that Hanna Beech is building up an argument that Buddhism has become a religion of violence claiming that ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ…-Buddhism has largely escaped trialƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ She cites examples from Sri Lanka, Malaysia and Thailand to project a notion of Buddhist chauvinism ill-forgetting that it was the monks who protected the religion, race and State of these Buddhist nations when they were faced with brutal onslaughts of Western Christian Armies at the instigation of the Vatican, Dutch Reformed Church or the Church of England, and many of these countries have had their Buddhist roots razed and Buddhists either killed or chased away ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬”…” she conveniently omits mention of Bangladesh and Maldives as once Buddhist nations where Islamic invaders killed the Buddhist monks and destroyed Buddhist artefacts, never mentioned too was how the worldƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s oldest university at Nalanda was raised to the ground by Islamic hordes and the Buddhist monks who stood and accepted their karmic fate were slaughtered in their hundreds. Incidentally, the Islamic element has become part of contemporary Islamic incursions alongside armed militant elements that has got unarmed Buddhists worried of history being repeated. Additionally, the invisible Christian element through conversions subtly taking place again echoes a re -entry of colonialism. Preparedness for both these Abrahamic incursions is the challenge that Buddhist Asia is now forced to gear itself up to. ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ 

Thus, the formerly Buddhist lands are no more and the dominos are certainly falling on the remaining Buddhist hinterlands. Therefore, what is the crime for defending oneƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s hinterland? Is Hannah Beech and Time Magazine desiring that Buddhists in the remaining Buddhist nations simply remain passive spectators because their religion denotes them to be compassionate without defending what is theirs? The Buddha has said to be compassionate and kind but he has not taught to not defend oneself or oneƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s country or Buddhist values and heritage. ƒÆ’-¡ 

Given that HannahƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s arguments rests on the logic of religion and violence we would like to remind Hannah that not a single Offensive War has been fought by Buddhists. Buddhists have never invaded other nations or usurped the rights of peopleƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s religions by converting them by deceitful means.ƒÆ’-¡ The histories of Africa, North and South America, Middle ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬”…” East, and Asia all reveal the wanton destruction committed on the indigenous people by invading armies belonging to Abrahamic religious faiths. No amount of indulgence in human rights rhetoric and peace studies cosmetics can erase or whitewash the genocides, mass murders and crimes against humanity committed by people of European Christian stock and Islamic conquerors in their drive for world domination. ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ 

MediaƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s silence

Why does the media hesitate to clearly identify the conflicts that have been based on religion combining with political alliances, economic advantage and world supremacy? What of these religious conflicts ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬”…” Northern Ireland (Roman Catholics vs Protestants), Rwanda genocide, Bosnia-Herzegovina conflict between Muslims, Catholics and Serbian Orthodox, Sudan (Christians-Muslims), Ivory Coast (Muslims-Christians), Cyprus (Christians-Muslims), East Timor (Catholics-Muslims), Iraq (Muslims-Muslims), Kosovo (Christians-Muslims), Kurdistan (Christians-Muslims), Macedonia (Christians-Muslims), Middle East (Jews, Muslims, Christians), Nigeria (Christians-Muslims), Pakistan (Muslims-Muslims), Philippines (Christians-Muslims), Chechnya (Christians-Muslims), Somalia (Wahhabi-Sufi). Over 50 of present day conflicts are either between or because of Muslims or Christians. If Jesus or Allah has never propagated to kill or annihilate people who are not their own why have these Religious Wars taken place consecutively and continue to do so? Buddhists cannot be put into the same basket as these for in defending oneƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s religion, oneƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s race and oneƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s country there is nothing chauvinistic, racist or damning.ƒÆ’-¡ 

Stakes in Myanmar

Monk Wirathu has not asked his followers to invade another nation like the Popes of the past did, nor has he said to attack any people ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬”…” he has only said to defend oneself and to be prepared. There is no crime that anyone can attribute to such a warning. What he is doing is what any nation and patriot would do under the circumstances that the Buddhists of Burma are now placed in and that is to defend oneƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s nation and oneƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s people by warning them of foreign incursions. If the US after one single attack which it cannot even prove was committed, applied Christian Just War Theory and illegally invaded Afghanistan and continues to terrorise it after 12 years by starting a War on Terror to defend the US against terrorism, why cannot other nations also defend itself against terrorism because when any group take up arms as the Rohingyas have proved by the numerous armed rebel movements currently receiving training, weapons and financial support, Myanmar has every right to defend itself and monk Wirathu has every right to warn his people of the impending dangers. ƒÆ’-¡ 

1.ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ Rohingya Solidarity Organization (RSO)

2.ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ Arakan Rohingya Islamic Front (ARIF)

3.ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ Rohingya Patriotic Front (RPF)

4.ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ Rohingya Liberation Organization (RLO)

5.ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ Itihadul Mozahadin of Arakan (IMA)

Buddhist pacifism and tendency to co- exist in peace with others is being manipulated to their gross disadvantage. The challenge today is for Buddhists particularly in besieged Buddhist countries like Myanmar, Sri Lanka and even Thailand to unite and to read between the lines.

ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ”¹…”TimeƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢ Magazine and Hannah Beech in particular owes Burma and monk Wirathu a public apology. Monk WirathuƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s reply must feature in the next edition of ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ”¹…”TimeƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢ Magazine alongside that apology. Defaming and demonising is a strategy used by media but Asians are today more enlightened as to the dynamics that prevail in the international political scene and are also aware of the diabolical machinations at play.


Cham Books Publishes Latest Book by Woo Myung, Founder of Maum Meditation, Titled “The Living Eternal World”

July 3rd, 2013

Eagerly Anticipated Book By Bestselling Author Woo Myung, “The Living Eternal World” Released in 2013

People are born in the world and live their lives only to be met with death in the end. However, what if there was a living eternal world to where one could escape from the monotony and meaningless limited human life?

The English version of ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ…-The Living Eternal WorldƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ written by teacherƒÆ’-¡ Woo Myung,ƒÆ’-¡ the founder ofƒÆ’-¡ Maum Meditation,ƒÆ’-¡ lecturer, and author of numerous best sellers, has been published and is being applauded by many around the world.

In the past, various books discussed the idea of a world of eternal life or an ideal world. Yet, no book had provided the precise method to actualize such a world until now.

In 2012, teacher Woo MyungƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s other recent book titledƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ…-Stop Living In This Land, Go To The Everlasting World Of Happiness, Live There ForeverƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’-¡ hit Number 1 on and also made the Amazon Top 100 Best Seller list for all of 2012.

Like his previous works, teacher Woo Myung offers hope that anyone can go to the eternally living world while living. Written in poetry style, teacher Woo Myung introduces the method of human completion: Subtraction.

During the Information Age, accumulating a wealth of knowledge was considered a virtue.

While people may reap benefits from the widespread availability of information on any given topic, the downside is that many also suffer mental pain, stress and lethargy, due to the loss of humanity within the knowledge.

However, teacher Woo Myung explains that the dawn of a new era has begun. No longer the era of addition, now is the era of subtraction.

He earnestly teaches that a world of oneness ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬”…” where my country, your country, my religion and your religion no longer exist ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬”…” a beautiful world where everyone lives for others can be achieved through theƒÆ’-¡ method of subtraction.

ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ…-The Living Eternal WorldƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ also explains the teachings of each religion while simplifying the abstract words of truth that people could not easily understand in the past.

This clarification enables the reader to comprehend the true meanings and also provides the ultimate solution to peace that humankind has been searching for all this time.

Teacher Woo Myung explains that everything in the world comes from the world itself that is the origin which is the never-changing eternally living universe.

Moreover, if human discards and cleanses his mind, i.e., karma and habits that he himself accumulated during his lifetime, he can return to the pure mind of the universe that is his true nature. This is the method to live eternally. The simplicity of his method to accomplish this continues to cause a sensation around the world.

ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ…-The Living Eternal WorldƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ is composed of six parts ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬”…” ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ…-True Mind, Faith, The Time for Completion Has Come, What Is True Love?, The Mind of God, and The Path to Truth.ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ Each part fully and profoundly explains the writings of each topic. The core of teacher Woo MyungƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s writings is simply about truth. The widespread appeal is derived from the universality of his words which embrace readers of all backgrounds.

Teacher Woo Myung teaches Truth and writes, ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ…-Man has wisdom when his self no longer exists.ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ He assures the reader that truth is no longer difficult or complicated and that everyone is the existence that can live eternally by accomplishing human completion.

ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ…-The Eternal Living WorldƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ is also available in Kindle version.

About Teacher Woo Myung:

Woo Myung is the founder of Maum Meditation as well as the bestselling author and poet of numerous books. In addition to being actively involved in writing, teacher Woo Myung also provides lectures worldwide. His recent book, “Stop Living in This Land, Go to the Everlasting World of Happiness, Live There Forever” was recorded in the Top 100 bestseller list of 2012 on Woo Myung was the first Korean single author to have achieved this record.

Woo Myung has won gold medals for various international book awards, including IPPY, National Indie Excellence Awards, International Book Awards, and eLit Book Awards in the categories of spirituality, mind and philosophy. This award winning book has also garnered much attention and interest around the world in the subject of the mind and emptying the mind.

About Maum Meditation:

Maum Meditation, a non-profit organization, currently operates over 340 centers worldwide and continues to grow. Maum Meditation is active in various projects such as providing free Maum Talk concerts, conducting Stress-Free Campaigns and volunteers medical, dental, and hairdressing services for the elderly and needy. Maum Meditation also participates in environmental cleanup efforts.

In 2002, the International Association of Educators for World Peace, UN-NGO awarded teacher Woo Myung with the Mahatma Gandhi Peace Prize and appointed him as a world peace ambassador for his dedication and contribution of Maum Meditation to society which provides the method to introspection and actualize peace for all of mankind.


Youtube Link -ƒÆ’-¡

Incident at Cricket Ground in England: COLOMBOƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢S INTERPOL WARRANT FOR CARDIFF KILLJOY … *Suspect involved in major money scams

July 3rd, 2013

Siranjanie Kumarie and Jayantha de Silva Courtesy The Daily News

Colombo Magistrate Gihan Pilapitiya yesterday, issued a warrant through the Interpol to arrest the LTTE cadre who intruded into the Cardiff Cricket Ground in England on July 20 when the India, Sri Lanka cricket match was in progress.

The CID filing an application requested that with a view to obtaining a red notice against the suspect, an open warrant too, to be issued in English for the arrest of the suspect identified as Yogeswaran Manimaran alias Mohan Raj, a former resident of Valvettiturai.

He is alleged to be a member of an organised gang specialising in drawing money from foreign account holdersƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢ teller machines by using forged credit cards.

The suspect is alleged to have stolen about Rs. 30 million and used this sum to fund terrorist activities.

An application was also filed under the 2006 Money Laundering Act to suspend the suspectsƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢ bank account held in a private bank in Kotahena.

The CID further informed that two more suspects had been taken into custody in this connection .

The are Pirumandanara, Ananada Ruben, a resident of Dharmapuram and Balasubaramanium Udayas, a resident of Kotahena.

The CID requested a Detention Order to further hold in custody the first and second suspects which was allowed.

IP Priyadharshana of the Counterfeit Notes Division and IP Dhammikia Senadeera prosecuted.

Canadian man pleads guilty to supporting Tamil Tigers

July 3rd, 2013

Courtesy The Globe and Mail Canada

A Canadian man faces up to 15 years in prison after admitting to helping funnel sophisticated military technology to a terrorist group in Sri Lanka.

Suresh Sriskandarajah, 32, who earned university degrees in Waterloo, Ont., pleaded guilty Tuesday in Brooklyn, N.Y., to conspiring to provide material support to the Tamil Tigers.

Sriskandarajah and several co-conspirators ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬”…” six of whom have already been convicted of terrorism offences ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬”…” helped research and acquire aviation equipment, submarine and warship design software, night vision equipment and communications technology for the Tamil Tigers, the U.S. AttorneyƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s office said in a news release announcing the plea.

Sriskandarajah used students to smuggle items in to Tamil Tiger-controlled territory in Sri Lanka between September, 2004, and April, 2006, the prosecutors said.

He graduated from the University of Waterloo with an electrical engineering degree a few months before he was arrested following a joint FBI-RCMP investigation. Sriskandarajah was the president of the Tamil StudentsƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢ Association at the university.

ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ…-The defendant helped the LTTE (Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam), an organization that pioneered terrorist tactics and has killed numerous civilians in brutal terrorist attacks, obtain sophisticated military technology and equipment,ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ U.S. Attorney Loretta Lynch said in a statement.

ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ…-Claiming to fight for freedom, the LTTE instead created a climate of fear and bloodshed, systematically assassinating those who stood in the way of their terrorist goals.ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬

Sriskandarajah also helped launder Tamil Tiger proceeds, the U.S. prosecutors said.

The Tamil Tigers, notorious for suicide bombings and political assassinations in their fight for an independent homeland in Sri Lanka, were declared a terrorist organization by the U.S. in 1997 and by Canada in 2006.

Sriskandarajah, who came to Canada from northern Sri Lanka as a boy, was arrested in 2006 and was ordered extradited in 2009, though he was freed on bail.

Sriskandarajah fought his extradition up to the Supreme Court of Canada, which denied his appeal in December, 2012, and he was sent to the U.S. to face the charges. In the meantime, he had completed an MBA at Wilfrid Laurier University in Waterloo and started a PhD while working as a consultant.

Piratheepan Nadarajah, a man from Brampton, Ont., was extradited alongside Sriskandarajah and is charged with conspiring and attempting to acquire equipment such as heat-seeking anti-aircraft missiles and missile launchers, as well as conspiring and attempting to provide material support to the Tamil Tigers.

Prosecutors there allege Nadarajah and co-conspirators negotiated with an undercover FBI agent to buy and export $1-million of high-powered weapons and military equipment for the Tamil Tigers.

Media reports indicate he pleaded not guilty upon his extradition.

Minister Jason Kenney’s intervention undermines Museum changes

July 2nd, 2013

Asoka weerasinghe Kings Grove Crescent . Gloucester . Ontario . Canada

ƒÆ’-¡ 2 July 2013
The Editor
The Ottawa Citizen
Dear Editor:
I am afraid that Peter Simpson missed Minister Jason Kenney’s motive completely in his opinion piece, “Kenney’s interference undermines museum changes.”
While I agree with Minister Kenney for being critical of the Museum of Civilization for returning the prominent Japanese-CanadianƒÆ’-¡  artifact, ƒÆ’-¡ the wooden gill-netter Nishga Girl, which had been donated to the Museum, for the very reason that in the early 1970s, when the Japanese-OttawansƒÆ’-¡  requested the Museum of Man (former National Museum of Civilization) through the Design and Display Division where I worked,ƒÆ’-¡  to celebrate their 100th anniversary of immigration to Canada, we were scrambling to find any artifact to help them.ƒÆ’-¡  Returning Nishga GirlƒÆ’-¡ by the ƒÆ’-¡ Museum is now minus one Japanese-Canadian artifact to help them in the futureƒÆ’-¡ to celebrateƒÆ’-¡ their historicalƒÆ’-¡ migration to Canada over 140 years ago.ƒÆ’-¡  After all we are a multi-cultural Canada, aren’t we, and the Japanese community count in a big way.
But Minister Kenney’s intervention was really a case of damage control for the Conservatives.ƒÆ’-¡  If they lost the Japanese votes with this insensitive move of the Nishga Girl, the Conservative’s are hoping that with Minister Kenney’s intervention that they could claw back some of the Japananese-Canadian votes at the next federal election.
It was Minister Kenney who went to Sri Lanka early this yearƒÆ’-¡ and met with its Government officials on January 7 and preached to them about human rights when on the same very day the First Nation’s people were demonstrating with their chief on a hunger strike for the violations of their human rights by the Conservative Government a stone’s throw away from his parliament’s office.ƒÆ’-¡  This was embarrassing.
The Sri Lankan’s snickered at him under their breath, more orƒÆ’-¡ less telling ƒÆ’-¡ him, “why don’t you go back home and sort out your ownƒÆ’-¡ human rights problems with your First Nations peoplesƒÆ’-¡ before you come here to preach to us about human rights.”
Minister Kenny returns home and has a close door meeting with the Tamil-Canadian media peopleƒÆ’-¡  in Toronto, to report back how he batted for them in Colombo.ƒÆ’-¡  Well, there is almost 100 thousand Tamil votes for the taking in the Greater Toronto AreaƒÆ’-¡ and the Conservatives want every one of them.ƒÆ’-¡  I smell a rat here.
Asoka Weerasinghe

Your Holiness, the Vatican and the Church is in dire need of spring cleaning

July 2nd, 2013

Michelle Alexander

The Vatican has been hit with another crisis, this time relating to a Senior Vatican cleric involved in a purported plot to smuggle millions of Euros into Italy from Switzerland. ƒÆ’-¡ The arrested cleric, Monsignor Nunzio Scarano believed he could act with impunity due to his connections with the Vatican Bank.

ƒÆ’-¡ It is this culture of being able to carry out illegal activities with impunity that has lead to numerous cover-ups with regard to child abuse, corruption and criminal activity within the church and the Vatican Bank. Unfortunately, even with the Vatican Bank, problems of this nature are nothing new. For example, the bank’s governor in the 1980s, Archbishop Paul Marcinkus, was indicted over his involvement with the collapse of Italy’s largest private bank, Banco Ambrosiano, which was owned in part by the Vatican Bank.

ƒÆ’-¡ One important question to be asked is who maintains accounts at the Vatican Bank? On paper, only priests, catholic institutions employees of the Vatican City State and diplomats accredited to the Holy See are allowed to hold accounts at Vatican Bank, formally known as the Institute for Works of Religion (IOR). However, it is alleged that Italian politicians and organized crime figures may also have accounts at the Bank.

ƒÆ’-¡ All current and future inquiries should be transparent to the public, and those convicted should be dealt with according to the law ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬”…” Some may argue against this. However, as spiritual leaders to almost a quarter of humanity, the church and its leaders are accountable to a higher standard, and law breakers should be dealt with according to the law. With regard to the arrest of ƒÆ’-¡ Monsignor Nunzio Scarano, the Vatican spokesman, Father Federico Lombardi, promised ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ…-full collaborationƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ with Italian justice authorities.

ƒÆ’-¡ The Vatican Bank should be brought under the purview of normal international banking rules. If it functions as a bank, then it should be treated as a bank.

ƒÆ’-¡ Your Holiness, you have your work cut out for you. Hopefully, you have a big broom with you, as the rot has to go. Crimes and sins of the past cannot be undone, but they should be prevented and dealt with in the future.


July 2nd, 2013

Embassy of Sri Lanka Paris

Leaders of cultural, educational, welfare, sports, youth and political associations in Paris gathered at the Embassy of Sri Lanka to meet and greet Ambassador Hangawatte last Friday evening. Addressing the large gathering of invitees, Ambassador Hangawatte expressed his pleasure at welcoming everyone to the friendly, informal meeting.

The Ambassador expressed the need for all community members to come together for the advancement of our motherland irrespective of ethnic and religious diversities or different political ideologies. He assured the representatives of associations that each and every one would be treated equally by him and that the same interest and concern would be displayed to all. ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ…-It is of no concern to me,ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ the Ambassador insisted ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ…-which religious or political convictions you share as long as we can work together to advance the interests of Sri Lanka.ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬


Speaking of the meetings held with religious leaders of the Buddhist, Hindu, Muslim and Catholic communities since his arrival in Paris, Ambassador Hangawatte stated that they wereƒÆ’-¡  foremost and valuable initiatives towards building firm relationships with the Sri Lankan Diaspora in France. Reiterating the importance of unity within the community, he declared earnestly: ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ…-I hope that you will take the hand of friendship that I have extended to you todayƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬

The Ambassador outlined some of the immediate work undertaken as Permanent Delegate of Sri Lanka to UNESCO geared towards the advancement of multilateral relations and the initiatives taken to improve bilateral relations with the French Government. He showed confidence in sharing the positive reactions displayed towards Sri Lanka during the meetings he has held with other diplomats.

Referring to administrative and structural reforms of the Embassy undertaken by him since last month, Ambassador Hangawatte assured the gathering that new measure will further enhance the efficiency of the Embassy staff in better assisting members of the community who require consular, passport renewal or registration services.


Addressing questions submitted to him by Sri Lankan associations, Ambassador Hangawatte detailed some of the short term and long term plans to promote Sri LankaƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s culture in France. He gave examples of traditional art, handicraft, photography and sculptures which could be promoted through exhibitions while adding that cultural similarities between multi ethnic communities in Sri Lanka could be highlighted through diverse forms of performing art such as music, dance and cinema, focusing on the goal of strengthening peace and reconciliation in Sri Lanka.

In answer to a question pertaining to consular services at the Embassy, Ambassador Hangawatte advised members of the Diaspora to closely follow new procedures which will soon be set in motion in the consular section of the Embassy and to show cooperation in submitting all required documents when applying for specific services


On the subject of development in the North, Ambassador Hangawatte talked of his experience working as a member of the LLRC Commission and shared some of the first hand testimonials of farmers of the area, notably their dire need for water for cultivation of land and mentioned steps taken by the government to address this situation. The Ambassador mentioned the Iranamadu fresh water tank which has been restored by the Sri Lankan army to supply drinking water to populations in Jaffna. The Ambassador also added the value of the Palali airport and the proposed highway linking Jaffna to Colombo.

In answer to questions regarding extremist activities in Sri Lanka, Ambassador Hangawatte gave concise examples illustrating that such incidents were condemned by His Excellency the President and legal measures have already been undertaken against perpetrators.

The meeting came to a close as Ambassador Hangawatte reiterated the need for unity and his wish for cooperation and support from the Sri Lankan community in order to achieve the objectives he has outlined.

ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ”¹…”DrunkƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢ Sri Lankan cricketer tried to open plane door at 35,000ft while looking for toilet, reports claim

July 2nd, 2013

Courtesy Metro UK

A ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ”¹…”drunkenƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢ Sri Lankan cricketer tried to open the cabin door of a British Airways plane flying at 10,700m (35,00 ft) after he mistook it for the toilet, reports claim.

Sri Lanka A opening batsman Ramith Rambukwella apparently sparked panic among 229 passengers onboard ƒÆ’-¡ the St Lucia to London Gatwick flight as he tugged away at the door for two minutes.

BA crew and teammates rushed down the aisle and calmed the 21-year-old down as he realised his mistake.

A spokesman for the airline said it believed the cricketer ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ”¹…”had been drinkingƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢ and an investigation has been launched by Sri Lanka Cricket after the incident on the Boeing 777 on Monday morning.

The cricket board said it was ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ”¹…”disappointed to hear of the incident.ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢ It is awaiting the delivery of an official report into the incident by team manager Jayantha Seneviratne and said in a statement: ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ”¹…”Disciplinary action will be taken against the player concerned if he is found guilty.ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢

Eyewitnesses said Rambukwella left his seat and confused the cabin door for the toilet in the planeƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s dim lighting.

Recruitment consultant Charlene Francis, 26, of London, who was travelling on the plane with one-year-old daughter TJ, told the Daily Mail: ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ”¹…”Suddenly he came over and tried to open the cabin door several times. It went on for a few minutes. He was pulling quite heavily.

ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ”¹…”It was very scary. He looked very dazed or drunk. Some of his teammates were shouting and telling him to stop. He seemed quite disorientated.

ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ”¹…”Somebody said the team had been drinking for four hours before they got on the plane,ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢ she added.

A BA spokesman said Rambukwella had apologised to passengers and cabin crew for his mistake ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ”¹…”who accepted it in good faith.ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢

He went to say: ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ”¹…”There was a minor incident onboard the BA2158 service from St Lucia to Gatwick involving a customer who we believe had been drinkingƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢

He added: ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ”¹…”It is impossible to open an aircraft door when it is at high altitude and at no point was the aircraft in any danger.

ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ”¹…”Our cabin crew are highly trained to deal with such incidents and offered re-assurance to customers who were sitting near to the door.ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢

BA said it informed security on the ground but police were not called or involved in the incident.

The Sri Lanka A team was travelling back home, via England, after being defeated by the West Indies in a five-match one-day series.

Beggars work too

July 2nd, 2013

Dr. Mareena Thaha Reffai, Dehiwela

I used to be very antagonist to beggars thinking they can easilyƒÆ’-¡  get a job and earn their money without begging. It all changed when I happened to watch a young mother (May be with a borrowed infant in hands?) walking up and down near the color ƒÆ’-¡ lights on the W.A. Silva mawathe. In the glaring hot sun, she walks from top to bottom of this lane, sweat pouring down her neck, ƒÆ’-¡ asking each and every motorist; and many just wave her away, many totally ignore her and some give from a coin to a few rupees. Certainly she was ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ…-workingƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬! I have been watching many a beggar ever since and I realize they do toil to get the money. It is not as if they are seated comfortably in an AC room and money is dropped into their laps. ƒÆ’-¡ 

ƒÆ’-¡ True begging is not a respectable job, but certainly better than robbing and cheating. Someone might argue they are cheating since they can work and they are not. This argument will hold water if we ƒÆ’-¡ have ready made jobs for them and they are shunning them. Unless and until we can offer them a decent living we should not criticize them. And how much they earn is no bodyƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s business.

ƒÆ’-¡ Certainly Islam frowns upon begging and encourage earning by the toil of oneƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s own hands. Having said that, Islam also prescribes charity to those who ask and ƒÆ’-¡ to those who do not ask, but are in need. If the rich recognize the needs of the poor, at least the needs of the relatives and neighbors, ƒÆ’-¡ we can eradicate the begging in our country. Until then we have to sit back and let them survive the only way possible for them, and recognize the fact that begging is definitely better than stealing.

ƒÆ’-¡ Sent by :

Dr. Mareena Thaha Reffai, Vanderwert Place, Dehiwela

The idea of energy saving or efficiency is not something new.

July 2nd, 2013

Dr Hector PereraƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡  London

You’ve probably heard the grown-ups in your house say “Turn off the light!” or “Close the refrigerator door!” Have you ever wondered why?ƒÆ’-¡  This is because it cost something and the adults, the parents have to pay the bills. Energy is there whenever we need it, so it’s easy to forget where it comes from, or how much it costs.

In anybodyƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s view, itƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s better to use than waste but not always possible, wastage is inevitable. Just not electricity or gas, even King Parakramabahu in Sri Lanka said, water should not be wasted. He said, “Not even a little water that comes from the rain must flow into the ocean without being made useful to man”.

Actually wasting energy is the same as wasting money and we know that’s not a good idea! I mentioned earlier as well that many people are wasting gas and even electricity in cooking. I have demonstrated in TV how to cook scientifically and save about 60% gas but so far no energy saving expert or any scientist never bothered to find out.

TV chefƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s cooking

If we put too much heat or more than one can hold or in other words more than the thermal capacity of the vessel then one must expect wastage of heat. Those TV chefs just put gas on full fire and cook, itƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s not energy saving cooking, they try to sell and talk about lots of supermarkets products in a brief time because they are paid to do that job. I agree that they are right, people must be informed whatƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s in store for them and how to use them for cooking. They cannot help energy saving because they are not aware of scientific energy saving cooking; I am not blaming them at all.

Cooking utensils

Take a few examples of cooking utensils such as aluminium saucepans, cast-iron utensils, stainless-steel vessels, glass utensils, aluminium and Teflon-coated non-stick pans then our traditional clay pots. I think some of you remember, ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ”¹…”Ambalamae pina walan kadak genaƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢ then what happened?

Each type of cookware affects the flavor of the food prepared in it. For this reason, one needs variety in cooking utensils to achieve optimal results. Cast iron pots have been around since the frontier days and it was the most popular cookware at the turn of the century.

ƒÆ’-¡ Types of cooking

ƒÆ’-¡ The cooking process might include baking, boiling, SautƒÆ’†’©ing, heating,ƒÆ’-¡ steamingƒÆ’-¡ or cooking in the microwave. In this description I am refereeing only to a few methods where energy can be saved in the process of cooking. SautƒÆ’†’©ing is a type of cooking where all the ingredients are heated at once and cooked quickly. To facilitate this, the ingredients are rapidly moved around in the pan, either by the use of a utensil, or by repeatedly jerking the pan itself. Since the pan is open while sautƒÆ’†’©ing it is quite possible volatile chemicals escape all the time and some of it might deposit on the person who cooks. Now you see one of the ways where this curry cologne or spicy cologne comes out! Who likes a rub of curry cologne on the body or what about spicy cologne, no one?

After effects of tempering

I was wondering this coughing, sneezing during tempering is somewhat related to laughter therapy in India.ƒÆ’-¡  DonƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢t forget the spices come from India then tempering also originated over there. While tempering, this invisible chemical mixture has the ability to release instantly some secretions from the lungs or somewhere and make you cough, sneeze, drool from the nose, tears from eyes so itƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s like instant stress release, I donƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢t know!ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡  They claim laughing is good for health, a kind of therapy. It says laughter hasƒÆ’-¡ beneficial effects on various aspects of biochemistry such as reductions in stress hormones and when laughing the brain also releases endorphins that can relieve some physical pain.

ƒÆ’-¡ Some curries such as red lentils are tastier when red onions, mustard, curry leaves and red chillies are fried in oil and added. ItƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s inevitable to stop coughing, sneezing and tears drooling in eyes when you do this kind of sautƒÆ’†’©ing, or tempering, am I correct? That is because a cocktail of invisible volatile chemicals escaping while you do this type of cooking. Believe me these Sri Lankan ladies still love to do it because the end results are good, an appetizing and a tasty curry. Now this or similar mixtures are bottled and sold so just add some of them, cooking made easy.ƒÆ’-¡ 

Alzheimer’sƒÆ’-¡ disease

The stainless steel does not react with the food, the metal is inert to chemicals in the food but metals such as aluminium reacts with food ingredients. There is circumstantial evidence linkingƒÆ’-¡ aluminiumƒÆ’-¡ with Alzheimer’sƒÆ’-¡ disease. Sometime back a senior lecturer from Kelaniya University published an article about aluminium and possible Alzheimer disease. Stainless steel products heat fast and evenly for constant performance. This is possibly one of the best utensils you can buy. If you look at the base, only in some pans you see there is a thick base due to a sandwich of metals. It could be up to five bonded layers of aluminium, copper and stainless steel. This is what makes it heat fast, consistently and evenly. These are fairly expensive than ordinary cooking pots and pans. Thin base stainless steel cooking pans are also available, so watch out what you are paying for. When it comes to cooking with them each type has its disadvantages and advantages.

Clay pots

Traditionally in many cultures across the world, unglazed pottery or earthenware was used in cooking daily food. The use of these materials is still prevalent in all over Sri Lankan homes. Given its natural makeup, earthenware is the most ideal cookware, as food prepared in these vessels retains its natural flavour. One of the problems with these are about heat conductivity because they are non metals so heat conducts slowly compared to metallic cooking pots and pans. We used these vessels all the time at home on firewood stoves. I agree the foods such as fish and potato curries, ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ”¹…”kiri hodiƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢ taste delicious when cooked in clay pots.

Our servants in the past cook the fish until nearly done then remove the cooking vessel from the heat and allowed the dish to stand for a few extra minutes. Although the fish will be removed from the heat source, it will still continue to cook for a short while, thus ending up with a perfectly cooked fish dish.ƒÆ’-¡ That is due to some heat capacity in the curry and the cooking vessel that adds up to some slow cooking.ƒÆ’-¡  How did they know the science behind this technique? I am sure itƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s due to long experience in cooking gained in the kitchen laboratory. Any comments welcomed,

Is transfer a punishment enough?

July 2nd, 2013

Dr. Mareena Thaha Reffai, Dehiwela

ƒÆ’-¡ Our police department has a strange way of punishment for itsƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢ errant officers. They are simply ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬transferredƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ to another station, irrespective of whether they assaulted the victims, tortured them or murdered them.

ƒÆ’-¡ O how nice it must be to be in the police force, warm and safe in the knowledge that ƒÆ’-¡ if you ƒÆ’-¡ err, that is commit mayhem, you will be transferred to another station, so that you can have another chance ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬”…” maybe a better chance – of ƒÆ’-¡ committing more crimes with impudence for the people of the new station will be another fresh harvesting area.

ƒÆ’-¡ As soon as a crime is committed (What irony! The very officers who are supposed toƒÆ’-¡  maintain law!) we hear them being transferred, not to a waterless distant dry arid zone, perhaps just to the closest station and ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬”…” thatƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s it! ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ No further inquiries, no further punishments ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬”…” except maybe a promotion for being so ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ…-valiantƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬!

ƒÆ’-¡ We the citizens just grin and take it all! Amazing how patient and forgiving we all are, the Srilankan citizens, isnƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢t it? So the games of on, we have been bombarded with so many of these incidences, we have come to state where we just throw our hands up and say, ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ…-so be it! What can we do?ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ Easy way out.

ƒÆ’-¡ Sent by :

ƒÆ’-¡ Dr. Mareena Thaha Reffai, Vanderwert Place, Dehiwela

The Truth is neither India nor Sri Lanka should want 13th amendment NOW

July 1st, 2013

Shenali D Waduge

Both the Indo-Lanka Peace Accord signed in 1987 and the subsequent amendment to Sri LankaƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s Constitution needs to be looked comparing the background in which it emerged and the relevance to the current context of the political scene for both India and Sri Lanka. At the time Tamil militants were trained in India, India was pro-Soviet while JR Jayawardena Government took a pro-US stand. Today, the scenario has turned quite opposite while India is led by a non-Indian. Given the ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ…-internationalizedƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ scenario that surrounds the ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ…-TamilƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ issue it is for India and Indians to understand the real dangers in courting with strategic allyƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s that will determine and decide IndiaƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s own structural collapse.

Tamil Eelaam ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬”…” Tamil Nadu ƒÆ’-¡ 

The players associated with the Indo-Lanka issue are all now no more and its legacy has been fine-tuned to fit another agenda of far more dangerous proportions that necessitates the nationalists of both India and Sri Lanka to realize the dangers it brings to both nations and the entire Asian continent. What the Accord was supposed to solve in 1987 and what it aims to solve now is totally different ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬”…” there flags the need for true Indians and Sri Lankans to realize the dangers of allowing the 13th amendment to prevail alongside the PC system. What RajivƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s advisors drafted on behalf of IndiaƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s interest has today been hijacked.

There is a long history to the Tamil issue and it is nothing that new recruits to Western foreign missions stationed in either India or Sri Lanka will be able to understand unless the material by Tamil Nadu leaders since early 1900s are read ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬”…” secessionism of Tamil Nadu from India for Tamils started nowhere else but in Tamil Nadu with a strong argument that Tamil Nadu was never part of India until the British joined it for administrative purposes during colonial rule.

Any diplomat attempting to speak on the Tamil issue cannot disassociate the Tamil Nadu link for separatism because Tamils of Sri Lanka originate from Tamil Nadu and when Tamils claim to desire a separate state for Tamils it is in Tamil Nadu that the separate state needs to be created. There is no grounds to create several separate states based on ethnic demands ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬”…” if so the Chinese will start demanding separate states in US and Australia where they are prominent in very large numbers and dictate to its economy, Sikhs may do the same in US and UK too. This will then become a very ugly precedent. Moreover, the seed of Tamil separatism in Sri Lanka was sown by an imported Malaysian Christian Tamil to Sri Lanka in the form of Chelvanayagam and his party was formed in 1949 the same year that the DMK of India was launched and that spearheaded separatism clearly articulated in the meaning of the party name ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬”…” Illankai Tamil Arasu Katchchi. Therefore, we refuse to buy the story or version being promoted that separatism started with Sinhalese oppression or discrimination because 1949 was the year after Sri Lanka gained independence ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬”…” therefore there is nothing that remotely validates Chelvanayagam to start a separatist struggle unless there was a Tamil Nadu link to the quest which was subtly hidden by launching it in Sri Lanka which went well with IndiaƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s policy of curtailing neighboring nations and forcing upon the creed that it is only unto India that nations can seek assistance.

Having said that, now that Tamil Nadu is part of the Indian State, what India never answered is why Bangladesh could be created in 1971 and made into an autonomous state and Tamil Nadu as well as Kashmir remains in limbo?

The supposed pro-US stand taken by JR Jayawardena against IndiraƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s pro-Soviet stand is said to have been one of the reasons to irk Indira, though Sri Lanka never received the support that it expected except the trade ties with the West on account of Sri Lanka opening its economy. Thus, the Indo-Lanka Peace Accord drew very little foreign editorial rebukes against India given the manner the Accord was signed. Any nation in the present context being made to sign an accord as Sri Lanka had to in 1987 would have made international headlines. Sri Lanka was forced to sign an agreement, with Indian jets flying over Sri Lankan air, with Sri Lankan cabinet members made to sign blank undated letters of resignation, under emergency and excluding media and ministers being kept in a hotel and then taken for signature does not depict anything to do with democratic norms or cordial relations.

Tamil Eelaam = Christian Satellite State

Rajiv Gandhi was to eventually face his own death at the very hands of the Tamil militants his mother trained by Prabakaran who realized India was playing a double game. Indira created Bhindrawale and Khalistan as well as LTTE and Prabakarn. Prabakaran can hardly be said to be spokesman for the Tamil people yet credit must be given for realizing far before Sri LankaƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s own politicians the double and deceitful game India was playing. Prabakaran played along so long as his movement was not in threat of being annihilated for it served a greater agenda to which he had aligned himself and that was not to please IndiaƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s desire to help annex Sri LankaƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s North (possibly the East too) to India to extend the Union of India but to carve out Tamil Nadu and create a new Christian state with Sri LankaƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s supposed ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ…-EelaamƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬. Thus the Eelaam quest is a satellite Christian state comprising both Tamil Nadu and Sri LankaƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s North and East provinces ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬”…” it may well do for the Sri Lankan Muslims to not fall into the trap being laid to get them to join the anti-Sinhala Buddhist camp for it is all part of a bigger plan and the Muslims should know how the West has treated Muslims. ƒÆ’-¡ 

When Sri LankaƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s Tamils are majority Hindu why is it that it is not the Hindu religious leaders speaking on behalf of the Tamils but the Christian/Catholic heads some of whom have played a very prominent role amongst the LTTE openly advocating separatism? Has the funds that have flown to LTTE over the years through Christian/Catholic charity movements not had links to LTTE and would we be over exaggerating if we are to imply that LTTE by virtue of its sponsors is now working towards conversions at rapid pace through the entire Tamil Nadu coastal belt? Is this not why the ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ…-internationalizedƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ element of the Tamil ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ…-grievanceƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ has become such a hot international topic gaining Western attention for a foothold in both India and Sri Lanka provides the strategic option the imperial West has been long seeking to achieve? Simply look at all the players currently speaking on behalf of a supposed Tamil grievance and their connectivity either by faith or by the manner in which they have been bought over to realize the validity of this claim.

How Tamil are Tamil politicos?

Tamil Nadu politicos are not Tamil ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬”…” Ramadoss is Telugu, Karunanidhi is a Telugu, Veeramani, Vaiko, A K Natarajan, Thirumavalavan are all Telugus and all favor caste based divisions instead of reservation for Tamil race ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬”…” thus Tamil Nadu has Tamil only in name and propaganda and all controlled by non-Tamils under the influence of the Church.

The obstacles to this quest is answered by India realizing for itself where these bottlenecks are and these chocking points is something IndiaƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s nationalists would well do to factor in though that effort is made somewhat difficult with the country being led by a non-Hindu and non-Indian.

However, the danger signals are being chocked by a fictitious ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ…-multiculturalƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ agenda propagated by the very stooges pushing for the creation of that satellite state using channels like media and civil society groups that they hold reign over. Again notice the connectivity. Therefore, India and Sri Lanka is at a situation where nationalism is being questioned on the grounds that it is falsely bringing disunity. Thus these ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ…-multiculturalistsƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ are now attempting to push nationalism to a corner falsely giving a notion that nationalists of both India and Sri Lanka are anti-unity whilst they forge their plan to create that satellite nation with impunity given that they are backed by the foreign nations and organizations sponsoring the quest.

So our question is – Is India ready to abandon its Hindu identity?

History cannot hide the tortures India suffered through colonial and Moghul invasions in terms of loss of life and the annihilation of its ancient civilization. In many ways India struggles to connect or rather reconnect with its Hindu civilization amidst the tussles seeking to project a secular India at the cost of its Hindu identity. In Asia, the strength of its defense comes in securing its national identity for that identity connects it with the indigenous cultures and races that built up the nation and newcomers should not question the place the indigenous race and culture rightfully must secure. If it were not for them the country would not have anything to take pride in and for that reason Subash Chandra Bose must remain a hero among heroes.

There is a visible yet invisible power behind the Tamil Nadu politicians and its pressures upon IndiaƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s central government. The Tamil Nadu Bar inclusive of the Madras High Court is political with lawyers split between DMK and AIADMK and not surprisingly supportive of LTTE. Jayalalitha may like to recall how she committed her party to creating that Christian state of Tamil Eelaam. Is it a surprise that Tamil Nadu is the largest recipient of foreign funds. Is it also a surprise that the Church began to fund television programs, Tamil films and purchasing acres of land, putting up prayer houses and Churches and slowly setting themselves up in HinduƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s holiest places and cities and the fishermen crisis Sri Lanka faces is also being attributed to being instigated by the Church.

Ordinary people belonging to the Christian faiths will not understand any of the dynamics involved and would more likely be prone to taking these as rebuttals against their faith however, they would well be advised to read about the manner their faith is a political tool and used in expansionism from ancient times to present.

Abrahamic religions are all about invasions, expansionism and conquests. The Tamil Nation quest itself is anti-Brahmin. A new wave of religions and ideologies invented through cults of Abrahamic religions have begun to fan a host of challenges that befall sovereign governments because they all follow the philosophy to conquer, promoting confrontation and thereafter seeking separate identity on the argument that they cannot exist with others. This is the template being used and to carve out territory international laws originated by Christian west have been meticulous designed.

Therefore territory has become a central feature of these cults and the confrontations all take an anti-stand. In the case of India it is taking the shape of anti-Hindu, anti-Sanskrit, anti-North India, anti-Hindi while in Sri Lanka it is anti-Buddhist, anti-Sinhala, anti-national. Therefore if the objective is to weaken Hinduism in India, in Sri Lanka eyes are set on weakening Buddhist influence and disengage both the cleavage they hold in political decision making. The conversion element in both nations need to be dealt with given that foreign churches and western governments are pumping in money to destabilize no different to the situation taking shape in Nepal and Myanmar. If the Self-Respect Movement was non-Brahmin in India, the Catholic Action in Sri Lanka almost led to a Christian military coup in the 1960s. Christians find their presence distributed across Sinhala, Tamil and Indian Tamils thus affording them a voice in all matters. Given a good look back at the Sri Lankan war it goes without saying that the clear winner is obviously the Church and not Tamils, not Hindus and the refugees have become a gift to further increase numbers.

If we know the agenda it is now time for Hindus and Buddhists in both Sri Lanka and India to ensure the agenda for India, Sri Lanka and the rest of Asia is not realized and 13th amendment is removed to secure the sovereign status of both India and Sri Lanka. It is for diplomats of both nations who do not function as sepoys of the West to realize the dangers at stake and to use diplomacy to come out of the trap that has been laid against both nations and it is a good time for China to mediate given that the waterloo is eventually marked for China.




July 1st, 2013

Susantha Wijesinghe

Mr.President,ƒÆ’-¡  I really think that it is NOTƒÆ’-¡ Senile Decay, that is keeping you from giving ear to the Peoples Wishes, to abrogate the 13th Amendment. If my point of view is correct, then please stop the Political Clown Circus from “ƒÆ’-¡ Monkey see, Monkey do ” and go for aƒÆ’-¡ REFERENDUM.
I see in the media that ‘ Gota’s and other VIPs Phones are tapped ” by a foreign mission, and a very powerful Spy Agency.ƒÆ’-¡  DonƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢t you get the message Mr President ?ƒÆ’-¡  Please, JUST GO FOR A “REFERENDUM” while the Circus goes on, and the going is good. Blessings of The Noble Triple Gem, for wise counsel to prevail in you. Make it a 19th May celebration.ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ 

ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ƒÆ’‚ · ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ · ƒÆ’‚ ·”…¾ƒÆ’‚ · ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ƒÆ’‚ · ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ·

July 1st, 2013

ƒÆ’‚ ¶ ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶± ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ƒÆ’‚ ¶«ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶©ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…-ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘

ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ƒÆ’‚ · ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ·”…¾ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…-ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ƒÆ’‚ · ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¾‚¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘. ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡ ƒÆ’‚ ·”…¾ƒÆ’‚ ¶© ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…-ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¾‚¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·”…¾ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶» ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡, ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶º ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶¹ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶± ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…-ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡ ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ·”‘.ƒÆ’-¡  ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‘ ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ¶§, ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¾‚¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¾‚¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶§ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶º ƒÆ’‚ ·”…¾ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶º. ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡ ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶§ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·”…”ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‚¦ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ƒÆ’‚ ·”-ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶± ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‚¦ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ¶», ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶§ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·”…”ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·”- ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶”…¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…- ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ¶§ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¾‚¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‚°ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡. ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡ ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‚°ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·”- ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ ƒÆ’‚ ¶ ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ¶º, ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶§ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶§ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ · ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¾‚¢ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ¶§ ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶§ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ƒÆ’‚ · ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…-ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡ ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ¶§ ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…-ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ¶± ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ ƒÆ’‚ ¶ ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‚°ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡. ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‘ ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…-ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ · ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¾‚¢ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…-ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶± ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ƒÆ’‚ · ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¾‚¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘, ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ¶º, ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…-ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ¶º, ƒÆ’‚ ·”…¾ƒÆ’‚ · ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ¶«ƒÆ’‚ ¶º ƒÆ’‚ ¶¶ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ƒÆ’‚ ·”…”ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ƒÆ’‚ ·”…¾ƒÆ’‚ · ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…-ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¾‚¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶± ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶¢ ƒÆ’‚ ¶¶ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‚°ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶± ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‚¦ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ¶». ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ ƒÆ’‚ ¶¶ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶º ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ·”…¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¾‚¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ·”…¾ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡.ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡ ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ƒÆ’‚ · ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ · ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ · ƒÆ’‚ ¶¶ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶§ ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·”…” ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ¶± ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ƒÆ’-¡  ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶¢ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ·”‘.
ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶º ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ·”…”ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ¶§ ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶¶ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¾‚¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ ƒÆ’‚ ·”…¾ƒÆ’‚ · ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‚¦ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ¶¶ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶¶ ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…-ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡. ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶º ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¾‚¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‚¦ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶º ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡ ƒÆ’‚ ·”…¾ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…-ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ·”…¾ƒÆ’‚ · ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶º ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ ƒÆ’‚ ·”…¾ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶º ƒÆ’‚ ·”…¾ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¾‚¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ¶«ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘. ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡ ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ƒÆ’‚ · ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ · ƒÆ’‚ ¶¶ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶§ ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·”- ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ƒÆ’‚ · ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ · ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚¦ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·”…¾ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ƒÆ’‚ · ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…-ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ·”…¾ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶± ƒÆ’‚ ¶¶ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚¦ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ¶¶ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶§ ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·”…” ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ¶§ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶° ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡ ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ƒÆ’‚ ¶«ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ¶© ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ·”…”ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶· ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ·”‘. ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‚ƒÆ’‚ ·”…¾ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¾‚¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶± ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ƒÆ’‚ ¶«ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ¶©ƒÆ’‚ ¶º, ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶º ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ¶©ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ·”…¾ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…-ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡ ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·”…¾ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‚¦ƒÆ’‚ ¶·ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¾‚¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘. ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‘ ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ƒÆ’‚ ¶«ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ¶©ƒÆ’‚ ¶º ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…-ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ¶«ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ ƒÆ’‚ ¶¶ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶º ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶¶ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶°ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¾‚¢ƒÆ’‚ ·”…¾ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¾‚¢ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¾‚¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶§ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶©ƒÆ’‚ ·, ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶º ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…-ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¾‚¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶± ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶¢ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ·”…”ƒÆ’‚ ¶º ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ƒÆ’‚ · ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¾‚¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ¶¶ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶§ ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶§ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ·”…”ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ¶§ ƒÆ’‚ ¶¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¾‚¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ƒÆ’‚ ¶¹ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡. ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¾‚¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶º ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶¢ƒÆ’‚ ·”…”ƒÆ’‚ ¶º ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶®ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ·”‘. ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ƒÆ’‚ · ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…-ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡ ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‚¦ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ¶« ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ¶§ ƒÆ’‚ ·”…¾ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…-ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ƒÆ’‚ ¶«ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶©ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ƒÆ’‚ ¶¶ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ƒÆ’‚ ·”…” ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…-ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ¶« ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…-ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…-ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…-ƒÆ’‚ ¶© ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶”…¡ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·”…”ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ , ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‚ƒÆ’‚ ·”…¾ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡ ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ƒÆ’‚ · ƒÆ’‚ ¶¶ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚¦ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…-ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ƒÆ’‚ · ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶º ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…-ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…-ƒÆ’‚ ¶©ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…-ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ · ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‚¦ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸, ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‘ƒÆ’‚ ·”…¾ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶°ƒÆ’‚ ¶º ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‚ƒÆ’‚ ·”…¾ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ¶§ ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‚°ƒÆ’‚ ¶§ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ ƒÆ’‚ ·”…¾ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡.

ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶º ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶§ ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…-ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¾‚¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶± ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ƒÆ’‚ ·”…¾ƒÆ’‚ · ƒÆ’‚ ¶¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ · ƒÆ’‚ ·”…¾ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ƒÆ’‚ ·”…” ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡ ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¾‚¢ƒÆ’‚ ·”…¾ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¾‚¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶º ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶± ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶§ ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶º ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶¢ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¾‚¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶± ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶§, ƒÆ’‚ ¶¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ · ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ·”…¾ƒÆ’‚ ·”…” ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…-ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¾‚¢ƒÆ’‚ ·”…¾ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ ƒÆ’‚ ·”…¾ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶± ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ƒÆ’‚ · ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ · ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’-¡  ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ƒÆ’‚ ·”…” ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ƒÆ’‚ · ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¾‚¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¾‚¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘. ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶§ ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ ƒÆ’‚ ·”…¾ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶º ƒÆ’‚ ¶·ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ¶º ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‚¦ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·”…¾ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶º. ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ·”…”ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ¶§ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶± ƒÆ’‚ ¶¶ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‚¦ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚, ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‘ ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ ƒÆ’‚ ¶¶ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ƒÆ’‚ ¶± ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶§ ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ¶¶ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ¶·ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘. ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ¶·ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¾‚¢ƒÆ’‚ ·”…¾ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ ƒÆ’‚ ¶¶ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ƒÆ’‚ ¶º ƒÆ’‚ ·”…¾ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…-ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‘ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ¶·ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶º ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…-ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚¦ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ · ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ¶§ ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶ ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡ ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‚°ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¾‚¢ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶º, ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¾‚¢ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶º,

ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ¶§ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡ ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶§ ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‚ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ¶¶ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‚°ƒÆ’‚ ¶§ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ ƒÆ’‚ ·”…¾ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ¶·ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯? ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ¶± ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ¶º ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡ ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‚¦ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶®ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ƒÆ’‚ ·”…” ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‘. ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…-ƒÆ’‚ ¶§ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶» ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡, ƒÆ’‚ ¶¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶± ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶± ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…-ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶± ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‘. ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¾‚¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…-ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ ƒÆ’‚ ·”…¾ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡, ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯? ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ¶± ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶± ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ·”- ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¾‚¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ¶§ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶§ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ¶¶ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…-ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡ ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ƒÆ’‚ ¶± ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·”…”ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶± ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶§, ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ƒÆ’‚ ¶± ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶§ ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…-ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…-ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡ ƒÆ’‚ ·”…¾ƒÆ’‚ · ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…-ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…-ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡ ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…-ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’-¡  ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…-ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ƒÆ’‚ · ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…-ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡ ƒÆ’‚ ¶¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…-ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¾‚¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·”…” ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·”…”ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ¶¶ƒÆ’‚ ·”-ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡ ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ · ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…-ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·”…”ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ¶§ƒÆ’‚ ¶º. ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…-ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡ ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶®ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¾‚¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·”…”ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ¶·ƒÆ’‚ ·”-ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶º ƒÆ’‚ ·”…¾ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶» ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ¶§ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ƒÆ’‚ ·”…¾ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…-ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ · ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ·”…¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…-ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡ ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ·”…¾ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…-ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·”…”ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ¶«ƒÆ’‚ ¶º ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¾‚¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶», ƒÆ’‚ ¶·ƒÆ’‚ ·”-ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡ ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ¶§ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ · ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…-ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ · ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·”…”ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ¶«ƒÆ’‚ ¶º ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…-ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡ ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ƒÆ’‚ · ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…-ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡ ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ ƒÆ’‚ ¶¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶± ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶§ ƒÆ’‚ ¶¶ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ·”…”ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ¶§ ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶º ƒÆ’‚ ·”…¾ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¾‚¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶«ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘.

ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ¶º, ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…-ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ¶º, ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ¶«ƒÆ’‚ ¶º ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ¶§ ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‚¹ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·”-ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡ ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶º ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¾‚¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‘ ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶º ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ¶§ ƒÆ’‚ ¶¤ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ¶« ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ƒÆ’‚ · ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·, ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡ ƒÆ’‚ ¶·ƒÆ’‚ ·”-ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡ ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ¶º ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ¶± ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ · ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‚¦ƒÆ’‚ ¶·ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ƒÆ’‚ ·”…” ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶§ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚¦ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶§ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶º ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…-ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡. ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡ ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ¶§ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶§ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶± ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ · ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…-ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ¶» ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¾‚¢ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ ƒÆ’‚ ¶¶ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ƒÆ’‚ ¶± ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶§, ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶¶ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¾‚¢ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡ ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ƒÆ’‚ · ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ¶», ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…-ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡ ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ¶·ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ¶º ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‚°ƒÆ’‚ ¶§ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯? ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ¶± ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ¶º, ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‚¦ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‚°ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶§ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…-ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¾‚¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶±, ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶¶ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶°ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶· ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…-ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡ ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ¶± ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ¶º ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‚¦ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡, ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‚¦ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ƒÆ’‚ ¶§ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ ƒÆ’‚ ¶¶ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶«ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘. ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‚¦ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡ ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ƒÆ’‚ · ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ · ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…-ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶º ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶» ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‚¦ƒÆ’‚ ¶§ ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ƒÆ’‚ ·”…” ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡ ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ¶§ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡ ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ ƒÆ’‚ ¶¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…-ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ·”…¾ƒÆ’‚ ¶«ƒÆ’‚ ¶º ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‚¹ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¾‚¢ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ · ƒÆ’‚ ·”…¾ƒÆ’‚ · ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶¶ƒÆ’‚ ·”- ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ¶° ƒÆ’‚ ¶¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…-ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ·”…¾ƒÆ’‚ ¶«ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡ ƒÆ’‚ ¶¶ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ƒÆ’‚ ¶º ƒÆ’‚ ¶¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶± ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ¶§ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡ ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ¶± ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ¶º ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‚°ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡, ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‚¦ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‚¦ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ¶”…¡ ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…-ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡, ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶”…¡ƒÆ’‚ ·”…¾ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ , ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ·”…¾ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘, ƒÆ’‚ ·”…¾ƒÆ’‚ · ” ƒÆ’‚ ¶°ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ ƒÆ’‚ ¶·ƒÆ’‚ ·”…”ƒÆ’‚ ·”…¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶«ƒÆ’‚ ¶º” ƒÆ’‚ ·”…¾ƒÆ’‚ · ƒÆ’‚ ¶¶ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ¶± ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ƒÆ’‚ · ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ·”‘. ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡ ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ¶° ƒÆ’‚ ¶¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…-ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ·”…¾ƒÆ’‚ ¶«ƒÆ’‚ ¶º ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‚°ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡ ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‚¦ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡ ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‚¦ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ¶”…¡ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¾‚¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯? ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‘ƒÆ’‚ ·”…¾ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¾‚¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‚¹ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡ ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ¶± ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ¶º ƒÆ’‚ ¶¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶± ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ¶¶ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…-ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ¶± ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ƒÆ’‚ ¶«ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ¶©ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ·”‘. ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡ ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ¶§ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡ ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ¶¶ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…-ƒÆ’‚ ·”…”ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ¶ ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…-ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡ ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ¶©ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡ ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‚¹ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶» ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ¶º ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶¶ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶°ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…-ƒÆ’‚ ·”…” ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…-ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶º ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ¶«ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¾‚¢ ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‚ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‚¦ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ¶¶ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ · ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…-ƒÆ’‚ ·”…” ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ·”- ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…-ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·”- ƒÆ’‚ ¶¶ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶º ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ¶± ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ¶º ƒÆ’‚ ¶¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶± ƒÆ’‚ ·”…¾ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ ƒÆ’‚ ¶¶ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ¶» ƒÆ’‚ ¶¶ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ · ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¾‚¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶± ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶”…¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ·”‘.

ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¾‚¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ¶§ ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…-ƒÆ’‚ ·”…”ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ¶ ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ·”…¾ƒÆ’‚ · ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…-ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ·”…¾ƒÆ’‚ · ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…-ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡ ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‚¦ƒÆ’‚ ¶·ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ¶° ƒÆ’‚ ¶¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…-ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ·”…¾ƒÆ’‚ ¶«ƒÆ’‚ ¶º ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‚°ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡ ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¾‚¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‚¦ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…-ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡ ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶§ ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶§ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶± ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶§, ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶º ƒÆ’‚ ¶¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ · ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡ ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶°ƒÆ’‚ ¶º ƒÆ’‚ ·”…¾ƒÆ’‚ · ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‘ƒÆ’‚ ·”…¾ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶§ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¾‚¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·”…” ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¾‚¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶­. ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‚¦ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ ƒÆ’‚ ¶¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶± ƒÆ’‚ ·”…¾ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡ ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ¶° ƒÆ’‚ ¶¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…-ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ·”…¾ƒÆ’‚ ¶«ƒÆ’‚ ¶º ƒÆ’‚ ·”…¾ƒÆ’‚ · ƒÆ’‚ ¶¶ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ¶± ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶± ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶”…¡ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶°ƒÆ’‚ ¶± ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶°ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡ ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶°ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…-ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶± ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…-ƒÆ’‚ ·”…”ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‚¦ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶º ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ¶§ ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‚°ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡ ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·”…”. ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶º ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ƒÆ’‚ · ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‚¹ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¾‚¢ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ · ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶± ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‚¦ƒÆ’‚ ¶·ƒÆ’‚ ·”…”ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…-ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘. ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‘ƒÆ’‚ ·”…¾ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶­ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ” -â„¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…-ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡ ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶°ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ƒÆ’‚ ·”…” ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¾‚¢ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ¶§ ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ƒÆ’‚ · ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶»ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚  ƒÆ’‚ ¶¸ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…-ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶¯ ƒÆ’‚ ¶ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶½ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡ ƒÆ’‚ ¶ºƒÆ’‚ ¶± ƒÆ’‚ ¶´ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ¶º ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·”‘ƒÆ’‚ ·”…¡ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ…‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶° ƒÆ’‚ ·ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒÆ’‚ ¶±ƒÆ’‚ ·”‚ ƒÆ’‚ ¶”‚¡ƒÆ’‚ ¶­.

“Yes We Scan” – US and UK in shameless spying on guests of State

July 1st, 2013

Courtesy : President Media Unit

It was a good take off from “Yes We Can” from Barack Obama’s presidential campaign in 2008, by the headline in a German publication to mark Barack Obama’s visit to Germany this week. The complete text was – “Yes We Scan” – with an image of Obama with earphones on listening into the sub-text that read: “United we can progress towards a perfectly monitored society”. The lampooning and lambasting of the Barack Obama and David Cameron duo caught in the coils of spying on citizens and foreign guests could not be missed anywhere on the Internet, although the mainstream Western media was playing down the scandals.

It is interesting to know why rights organizations such as Amnesty International, Human Rights Watch, Transparency International et al that are so loud when it comes to issues of transparency and accountability, as well as privacy and human rights in this part of the world, have played a very low key in all of this.

Is it possible that they are all busy trying to hunt for unsubstantiated material on inhospitable diplomacy of the UK, for a Channel 4 on the “Fire that Is” in Western disrespect for hospitality and the courtesies of diplomacy?

There is no end to the countries of the West, especially the UK and USA, preaching to the world about human rights, transparency and accountability. They give the impression of being paragons of virtue on matters of international relations, projecting their systems of governance as what should be emulated by all others who can claim to be democratic or share the values of the West.

We see today an outrageous display of the lack of basic hospitality to one’s own invitees to these countries, lacking in the courtesy and decorum of good diplomatic relations. After the shocking exposure of the extent of cyber snooping done by the United States revealed in the past two weeks, we now have the even worse exposure of the UK – just as David Cameron began receiving the leaders of the G8 nations for their summit, hosted by the UK in Northern Ireland.

It is now revealed without any contradiction, or even an attempt at explanation (which would be futile), that the UK Government Communications Headquarters (GCHQ) intercepted and spied on communications of foreign participants at the G20 Summits held in the UK in 2009.

This shameless violation of the privacy of Heads of State, ministers and foreign delegates to an international conference of the highest ranking held in the UK, is a shocking revelation of the contemptible attitude of politicians and administrators in the “Mother of Parliaments”, the ready torch bearers for human rights, transparency, accountability, privacy and good diplomacy.

All such values and principles have been wholly negated by this shameless act of spying on one’s own guests, passing on some of the information obtained to the US – the ally with the closest relationship with the UK, causing much more than ripples of concern in the world.

The whole exercise in the horrific invasion of privacy has upended the civilized values that the West claims to stand for, and calls for a serious look at the value systems that drive the West today, in the holier than though attitudes towards Islamic and other political forms found in the world. It is as bad as the shock of drones that kill civilians in the hunt for terrorists, and certainly worse than how the US has been eavesdropping and collecting information from the telephone, radio and Internet communications of all of its citizens, and those of other countries too, in a so-called operation to protect the US from terrorist attacks.

Not surprisingly, Russia, Turkey and South Africa have openly expressed outrage over revelations that both Britain and the United States spied on foreign delegates at the G20 meetings in London in 2009.

“Scandalous” – Turkey

The foreign ministry in Ankara said it was unacceptable that the British government had intercepted phone calls and monitored the computers of Turkey’s finance minister as well as up to 15 others from his visiting delegation. If confirmed, the eavesdropping operation on a NATO ally was “scandalous”, it said.

The ministry summoned the UK’s ambassador to Ankara to hear Turkey’s furious reaction in person.

A spokesman at the foreign ministry read out an official statement saying: “The allegations in the Guardian are very worrying … If these allegations are true, this is going to be scandalous for the UK. At a time when international co-operation depends on mutual trust, respect and transparency, such behaviour by an allied country is unacceptable.”

The Guardian revealed that the UK’s GCHQ targeted Mehmet Simsek, the Turkish finance minister and a former Merrill banker, during a G20 economics meeting hosted in London in September 2009. It also considered monitoring the communications of 15 named members of his staff and of Turkey’s central bank. The goal was to collect information about the Turkish position on the reform of the global financial infrastructure in the wake of the world banking crisis.

“Deepened mistrust” – Moscow

In Moscow Russian officials said the Guardian report that US spies had intercepted top-secret communications of (President) Dmitry Medvedev at a G20 summit in London in April 2009 would further harm the struggling US-Russia relationship and cast a shadow over the G8 summit in Northern Ireland, earlier this week.

Details of the spying, set out in a briefing prepared by the National Security Agency (NSA), revealed by the Guardian late on Sunday, show that US spies based in Britain spied on Medvedev, then the Russian president and now prime minister.

Senior Russian officials said the revelations had deepened mistrust between the US and Russia, whose relations have already sunk to a post-cold-war low following a brief and largely unsuccessful “reset” during Medvedev’s four-year reign in the Kremlin.

Igor Morozov, a senator in Russia’s Federation Council, the upper house of Parliament, suggested that the Obama administration’s attempts to improve relations were clearly insincere: “2009 was the year the Russian-American ‘reset’ was announced. At the same time US special services were listening to Dmitry Medvedev’s phone calls.”

He added: “In this situation, how can we trust today’s announcements by Barack Obama that he wants a new ‘reset’? Won’t the US special services now start spying on Vladimir Putin, rather than correcting their actions?” he told RIA-Novosti, a state-owned news agency. “This isn’t just an act of inhospitality, but a fact that can seriously complicate international relations,” he said. “Big doubts about Obama’s sincerity appear.”

The Guardian reports that South African computers were also singled out for special attention, in this ugly swoop in visiting delegates, prompted Pretoria to warn against the abuse of privacy and “basic human rights”. “We have solid, strong and cordial relations with the United Kingdom and would call on their government to investigate this matter fully with a view to take strong and visible action against any perpetrators,” the South African foreign ministry said.


The steps the GCHQ took to spy on the guests of the UK, including its fellow members in the European Union and NATO, were bizarre. They go far beyond the stuff of whimsical espionage writers. It is now revealed that delegates to the G20s were allegedly tricked into using specially prepared Internet cafes which allowed British spies to intercept and monitor email messages and phone calls through BlackBerry devices. GCHQ was also able to track when delegates were contacting each other and targeted certain officials of their choice, and visiting ministers.

The fact that this dismal exercise in spying “diplomacy” took place during the previous Labour government, under Prime Minister Gordon Brown, does not reduce the opprobrium this has brought to the UK.

Prime Minister David Cameron has little choice but to state, as he does, that he would not comment on intelligence matters, but the revelations are undoubtedly most embarrassing as he hosts the G8 Summit, with this adding to the difficulties in winning over President Vladimir Putin to the Obama-led Western line of arming the Syrian rebels – that admittedly include those who are closely linked to al-Qaeda – the focus in the “War on Terror” by President Obama and most other Western states.

Media mockery

The Western media were also caught up in these exposures, with little choice but to report what was being revealed, mainly by the Guardian, or be left out of the picture.

The Guardian gave more to readers with an Internet interview with whistleblower Snowden, while the South China Morning Post also gave him an opportunity to make his case for the scathing revelations for which he has been named a traitor by Dick Cheney. Snowden claims it an honour to be so named by such a manipulator of the truth to US citizens.

Yet, it did not take long for the key names in Western media such as BBC, CNN, Fox and MSNBC to try and subdue the impact of all this by using commentators and analysts to say what a normal and necessary practice surveillance of communications is, and trying to play down the aspect of damaged good relations and the very scandalous nature of the absence of standards of civilized hospitality that all of this revealed.

“Red Line”

Both Obama and David Cameron were trying hard to maintain the best face amidst the huge embarrassments caused by these revelations of contemptible spying, which was not made any easy by the sudden discovery by Obama that President Assad of Syria had crossed the “red line” of the West’s own making, through alleged proof of the use of chemical weapons. Once again the Western media made themselves readily available to spread the message of Assad crossing the “red line” and to justify arming the Syrian rebels, including admitted an avowed al-Qaeda groups.

It did not need much effort to recall how close this call of “poison gas” was to the open lying to the entire world by then US President George W Bush and UK Premier Tony Blair about Saddam Hussein having weapons of mass destruction, based on wholly flawed intelligence reports, to justify the invasion and regime change in Iraq, a decade ago. The Syrian issue is not one that has an easy solution, but it is clear that the West has no solution to offer to the Syrian people, trapped in a bloody power struggle to define the new realities of the Middle East.

Although there may be disagreements with the continued Russian support for Damascus, (not forgetting that Syria is on its border), President Putin thought it necessary to call Obama’s new intelligence about poison gas as not convincing. He made a stronger statement in a the media conference with David Cameron, who was pressing for arms to the Syrian rebels, in asking whether the West wanted to arm those who pulled out and ate with relish the innards of those killed in battle. It was a reference to the viral image of Syrian rebels tearing out the heart of a dead Syrian soldier and biting into it.

Learn from us

All of this calls for a good evaluation of Western policy vis-a-vis terrorism and the much touted claims to be defenders of human rights, transparency, accountability and diplomacy. This reminds us of how the same countries, especially the UK, although having banned the LTTE as a terrorist organization, was trying hard to pressure Sri Lanka for an end to the operations to defeat in 2008/09, knowing very well the nature of the LTTE and its total commitment to terror. It was Gordon Brown’s Foreign Secretary, David Miliband who as among the strongest and loudest in making these demands, that are still echoed by those who draw a thick veil over LTTE terror.

The past two weeks have shown the difficulty in having good relations with honesty and a unity of civilized purpose with governments that have no regard for the decencies of civilized life. Those who lack the courtesies of diplomacy cannot be expected to do much to genuinely defend the cause of transparency and accountability. In fact they have now been exposed for their total lack of transparency and accountability – the loudest charges against Sri Lanka – in both national interstate matters. It seems time for them to learn the practice of good hospitality from the East. Sri Lanka certainly has much to teach both Barack Obama and David Cameron about friendship and hospitality.

Courtesy : President Media Unit

Reply to Dayan: In Sri Lanka the Lunatic Fringe is Minoritarianism

June 29th, 2013

Dilrook Kannangara

ThereƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s nothing more dangerous than an unemployed diplomatic loose cannon. Anti-Sinhala racist ranting of Dayan Jayatilleka has taken a turn for the worse lately with the increased awareness of the masses of the dangers of 13A. As the self proclaimed guardian of the wretched 13A, Dayan is using his anti-Sinhala racism to drum up support for 13A. Needless to say that is an exercise doomed to fail with tragic consequences.
Today he is more akin to GG Ponnambalam on a stage professing Tamil racism in 1939 which led to the first riot between the two largest communities in the island nation. However, GG Ponnambalam learnt his lesson the hard way and stooped low thereafter joining the Sinhala majority government just eight (8) years later in 1947. But soon Malaysian born SJV Chelvanayagam started the Tamil racist campaign and it took himƒÆ’-¡ nine (9) years (till 1958) to learn his lesson. Subdued into submission, he joined the Sinhala majority government seven (7) years later in 1965. After a period of quietness, Amirthalingam emerged the new face of Tamil racism in 1976. He learnt his lesson seven (7) years later in 1983. By then yet another Tamil giant by the name Prabakaran had emerged. It took 26 long years for him to learn his bitter lesson. Now Sambandan and Sumanthiran have taken the baton from Prabakaran. How long will it take for them to learn the same lesson? Will Dayan learn his lesson sooner or later?
What is this lesson? It is about coexistence and acceptance of democratic choices of the people. History has treated very badly those who failed to learn this lesson.
Plural character of the nation
Dayan canƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢t go past the Indo-Lanka Peace Accord which states, ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ…-also recognising that the Northern and the Eastern provinces have been areas of historical habitation of Sri Lankan Tamil speaking peoples, who have at all times hitherto lived together in this territory with other ethnic groupsƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬.
The Northern and Eastern provinces have never been areas of historical habitation of Sri Lankan Tamil speaking peoples. It is a wrong statement. There is no historical account to this effect in Sri LankaƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s long well documented history going back to 6th century BC. The Indo-Lanka Peace Accord which was imposed through gunboat diplomacy bases itself on absurd historical assertions. For it to be of any worth it must be corrected as, ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ…-also recognising that the Northern and the Eastern provinces have also been areas of historical habitation of Sinhala speaking peoples, who have at all times lived together in this territory with other ethnic groupsƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬. Why did the Indo-Lanka Peace Accord elevate the South Indian populace (Tamils) over others in the Northern and Eastern provinces?
The illegally imposed Accord under duress also states, ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ…-acknowledging that Sri Lanka is a multi-ethnic and multi-lingual plural society consisting, inter-alia, of Sinhalese, Tamils, Muslims (Moors) and Burgers; recognising that each ethnic group has a distinct cultural and linguistic identity which has to be carefully nurtured… conscious of the necessity of strengthening the forces contributing to the unity, sovereignty and territorial integrity of Sri Lanka, and preserving its character as a multi-ethnic, multi-lingual and multi- religious plural society, in which all citizens can live in equality, safety and harmony, and prosper and fulfil their aspirationsƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬.
ArenƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢t Australia, USA, UK, France and Germany multi-ethnic and multi-lingual plural societies? They are. There is no need to recognise the Tamil language as an official language for Sri Lanka or Australia, USA, UK, France or Germany to be a multi-ethnic and multi-lingual plural society. None of these multi-ethnic and multi-lingual plural societies has anything comparable to 13A. The Indian version of plurality has been rejected by other nations including Sri Lanka where coexistence geographically is the key. In wide contrast in India ethnic groups live in ethnic enclaves. This is not plurality in the Lankan context and must be rejected.
13A is a Threat to Coexistence and No Solution
13A is based mainly on these two seemingly innocent but absurd assertions contained in the Indo-Lanka Peace Accord. The truth is Northern and the Eastern provinces have never been areas of historical habitation of Sri Lankan Tamil speaking peoples and devolution along ethnic lines cannot preserve the multi-ethnic and multi-lingual plural society.
Australia is a very good example of a living multi-ethnic and multi-lingual plural society which functions under one official language that has unified hundreds of cultures. Why the only official language is English? Because it is the language most Australians can speak!
According to his own admission, Dayan agrees that LTTE, TNA, TNPF and the Tamil Elamist Diaspora have all rejected 13A. Obviously the Sinhalese have also rejected it from the very start. Then the question begs, for whom is the 13A when all the parties to the problem have rejected it!
No matter how much Dayan loves 13A, it is dead; killed by Tamils (LTTE, TNA, TNPF and the Tamil Elamist Diaspora) and Sinhalese. Nobody ever wanted it. 13A now awaits last rites and a decent burial.
Lee Kuan Yew
Dayan quotes LKY out of context for the sole purpose of making anti-Sinhala racist statements. LKY is a highly capable dictator who turned a backward island nation into a modern economic powerhouse. His turnaround of Singapore deserves accolades. However, he is not perfect. The worldƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s longest serving dictator has made several racist remarks against his neighbours on several occasions.ƒÆ’-¡  ƒÆ’-¡ 
In 2012 LKY told a forum in Singapore it was vital for the Chinese majority state (of Singapore) to stand up to its majority Muslim neighbors, Malaysia and Indonesia. He said the attitude of Malaysia and Indonesia toward Singapore had been shaped by the way the countries treated their own ethnic Chinese minorities. “Our neighbors both have problems with their Chinese. They are successful. They are hard working and, therefore, they are systematically marginalized,” Lee was quoted as saying.
Angry Indonesian lawmakers demanded a public apology and explanation from Singapore’s founding father Lee Kuan Yew.
“The statement is full of lies. We are very upset because it has disgraced Indonesia. We will ask the government to send a letter of protest to Lee,” Djoko Susilo, a member of the House of Representatives’ Commission I overseeing security and international affairs, told The Jakarta Post.
Several decades ago he made another racist stride against the other neighbour, Malaysia. ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ…-Well, first I regret having been turfed out of Malaysia. I think if the Tunku had kept us together, what we did in Singapore, had Malaysia accepted a multiracial base for their society, much of what weƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢ve achieved in Singapore would be achieved in Malaysia. But not as much because itƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s a much broader base. We would have improved inter-racial relations and an improved holistic situation. Now we have a very polarised Malaysia, Malays, Chinese and Indians in separate schools, living separate lives and not really getting on with one another. You read them. ThatƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s bad for us as close neighbours.ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬
It is in this context Dayan should look at and quote LKY.
Dayan can imagine a similar situation in Sri Lanka if the President claimed it was vital for Sri Lanka to stand up to its Hindu majority neighbour and that the attitude of India toward Sri Lanka had been shaped by the way India treated its own Buddhist minority.
LKYƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s Speak Mandarin Campaign is another controversial but a wise initiative. Non-Chinese language communities (principally the Malays and Tamils) argue that the effort placed into promoting Mandarin weakens the role of English as Singapore’s lingua franca and threatens to marginalize Singapore’s minorities. LKY is doing since 1979 what SWRD Bandaranaike did in 1956 albeit softly. Today most of SingaporeƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s educated Tamils leave Singapore for Australia.
LKYƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s success is primarily attributable to three main reasons ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬”…” SingaporeƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s strategic location, economic alignment with China (over 60% of SingaporeƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s exports are to Chinese territories) and state capitalism (over 60% of SingaporeƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s GDP comes from state-owned business enterprises). These are valid for Sri Lanka as well. Unfortunately Sri Lankan leaders have always made the wrong choice between China and India.
All LKYƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s statements relate to an outdated era of war which Sri Lanka has won and moved on.
If 13A is the right solution to the problems of Tamils, why LKY didnƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢t introduce it to Singapore?
If the coexistence sans devolution model works for Singapore, it must work for Sri Lanka as well. The problem is however, since 1957, Sri Lankan leaders were wasting time and resources to find a devolution-based solution instead of a coexistence-based solution.
From Singapore to Chechnya
Obviously Dayan canƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢t find any comparable of 13A in Singapore. Then he runs away to Chechnya but misses the elephant in the room. President Putin installed a pro-Russian governing regime in Chechnya before introducing limited autonomy. This is not what 13A plans to do. If a pro-Sri Lankan government regime is installed in the Northern Province, there is no problem here and there is no need for 13A at all. Dayan should also know Chechnya is just a fraction of Russia, not 37% of its landmass (Northern and Eastern provinces are 37% of Sri Lankan landmass). ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ 
This also follows DayanƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s old assertion that King Dutugemunu appointed a defected ElaraƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s army officer as a governor in the East of the island nation. Once again such appointments of the centreƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s choice are most welcomed instead of holding elections and awarding powers under 13A.
Leading from Behind or Backstabbing
Dayan showers accolades on himself generously. He claims the ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ…-victoryƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ he achieved in 2009 at the UNHRC outsmarted the EU and the Tamil Diaspora. In hindsight we all now know that is not what happened.
At the UNHRC in 2009 Sri Lanka committed harakiri (suicide) before EU could murder (homicide) it. Only the enemies of the nation call it ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ”¹…”outsmartingƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢ or ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ”¹…”outmanoeuvringƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢. Similarly they claimed the 2012 and 2013 anti-Sri Lanka resolutions were good for Sri Lanka. Dayan has fallen to this nanny camp that assumes the brown man (unlike the white man) does not know what is good for him.ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ 
The Tamils are the Serbs of South Asia
Tamil Minoritarianism is the curse of this country. Tamils are the Serbs of South Asia. WW1 was started by a Serbian attack and similarly the Indian invasion of Sri Lanka in 1987 was initiated by Tamil terrorism; not to mention the innumerable Tamil invasions on the island nation for the past 2,300 years. Tamils killed the Indian crown prince former Prime Minister Gandhi in 1991 much like the Serbs decades earlier. Tamils outsmarted Serbs in genocide by decades. Serbian atrocities in former Yugoslavia reached the level of war crimes only in the mid 1990s.
But Tamils had committed far worse war crimes by then. Even the Serbs could not rid the Bosnians from Kosovo but Tamils rid the entirety of Sinhalese from the districts of Jaffna, Mulaitivu, Kilinochchi, Mannar and Batticaloa by 1983. That was over 9 years before Serb violence. ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ 
By 1990 Tamils had genocide the entire Muslim community from Jaffna, Mulaitivu, Kilinochchi and Mannar districts. But Tamils continue to live in all 25 districts in millions. Comparable Serbian atrocities commenced only after more than half a decade later.
Serbs were emboldened by their historical, religious, linguistic and cultural links to powerful Russia. Similarly Tamils are emboldened by their historical, religious, linguistic and cultural links to powerful India. Sinhalese much like Croats are uniquely native to the island nation of Sri Lanka.
Much like Serbian claimed territory of Serbia-Montenegro collapsed into Serbia and Montenegro separately, the North-East claimed by Tamils in the past has now collapsed into the Northern Province and the Eastern Province. Eastern Province has a Muslim majority which Tamils tried very hard to wipe out from the face of the North-East, but failed.
India has its share of Tamil woes. The most fascist separatist movement India faced came from the Dravidistan campaign led by Tamils in India (70 million of them today) a century ago. Anti-Hindi campaign was also launched by Tamils against the Hindi language. Even today rowdy protests break out in Tamil Nadu (Tamil country) forcing India to make a mockery of its foreign policy. Tamils have killed more Indian soldiers than any other ethnic group in India! As Sri Lanka refuses to host the Tamil Nation in the island, the demand pushes to India. Pretty soon Tamils in India will agitate for nationhood. As Yugoslavia was torn apart by Serb greed, Yugoslavia-like India with its ethnic enclaves will be torn apart by Tamils and their greed.
Four (4) Tamil organisations are banned as terrorist organisations by USA even today. Over 32 countries including India have banned a top Tamil organisation as a terrorist organisation. Scorpions or Tigers, the Serbs of Yugoslavia and Tamils of South Asia have committed some of the most heinous crimes mankind has seen lately. However, even the Serbs have their own proud nation; but never the Tamils a nation of their own.
If Dayan thinks he has won the love of Tamils he is in for a nasty brush against reality. Tamils know too well about this turn-coat. On the other hand if he fails to muster support for 13A as required by his mission – Assignment Colombo, he faces an even nastier end, courtesy India.

Re:ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢ A Sri Lanka Summit Discredits The Commonwealth ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬”…” Gedeon Richman – Financial Times 24th June ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ”¹…”13

June 29th, 2013

Dr. Chula Rajapakse MNZM FRCP/FRACP Spokesperson United Sri Lanka Association,

Gideon Rachman has brought discredit to the Financial Times by echoing the Goebellian rhetoric of the Tiger diaspora that has now shown to be patently untrue, & aimed at falsely discrediting and destabilizing Sri Lanka.

Numerous parliamentary delegations,especially from the Australia and the UKƒÆ’-¡  have publicly and in parliamentary debates ƒÆ’-¡ confirmed time and again that the impressive realities of post war Sri Lanka, in ethnic reconciliation , rehabilitation and reconstruction are quite different to what the Tigers and NGO ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ”¹…”s , singing for their breakfast from the ill gotten war chest of billions of the Tigers,ƒÆ’-¡  make out. The decision of Ausralia, New Zealand and England to attend and support the CHOGM in Sri Lanka comes following these revelations.

Julie Bishop , deputy leader of theAustralian parliamentary opposition in several media interviews following her visit to Sri Lanka in March ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢13has reiterated that when she pressedƒÆ’-¡  for specifics on disappearances, the best that theƒÆ’-¡  TNA, the Tamil parliamentary opposition in SL ƒÆ’-¡ could do related to events before the end of the war in 2009. The human rightsƒÆ’-¡  ƒÆ’-¡ watch who alleged widespread torture, also failed to come up with a single specific event when pressed.

Navy Pillai, the UNHRC chief, another fierce critic of Sri Lanka ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ besides being an ethnic Tamil herself, has also not availed her self of SL governments invitation for over eighteen months to visitƒÆ’-¡  SL and verify for herself the realities there.

The Canadian governmentƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s stand is undoubtedly influenced by the electoral clout of three hundred thousand Tamil voters in marginal electorates especially in the Toronto region, provoking fierce criticism even from the governments own members.

As for the allegation of 40,000 civilians being killed as a result of SL forces fire, had that been the case would the remaining 300,000 stream into the arms of these very forces as they did , in full view of the world media, the momentƒÆ’-¡  the tiger built embankment to prevent the escape of these hostaged human shields , was beached.

Further, in the documentary ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ…-Lies Agreed UponƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬, easily accessedƒÆ’-¡  on U Tube, these 300,000 , through about 50 of their Tamil representatives,ƒÆ’-¡  six TamilƒÆ’-¡  doctors who served them throughout their ordeal and a Tamil member of parliament who also was with them throughout,ƒÆ’-¡  only had the highest praise for the SL forces and confirmed that theonly fire they faced were from the tigers to prevent their escape.


These are the reasons why the Canadian call for boycott of Colombo CHOGM has failed to inspire even one of the other 55members of Commonwealth. The leadership given by itƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s secretary general Kamlesh Sharma in the face of this onslaught ofƒÆ’-¡  ƒÆ’-¡ deceit and deception, not to change the GHOGM venue deserves the highest praise , not criticism. Had the CHOGM venue beenchanged buckling under this deceit, it is then that the Commonwealth would have lost itƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s moral authority.


Unquestionably, those who had their most fundamental human right, the right to life, threatened for thee decades were the 20 million citizens of Sri Lanka , who wereƒÆ’-¡  victims of Tamil Tiger Terror in Sri Lanka throughout this period. Those who sustained this terror through funds and propaganda raised in the west during these three decadesƒÆ’-¡  ,ƒÆ’-¡  continue to torment Sri Lanka from the same safe havens as shown but under different names such as the Trans National Government of Tamil Elam and Global /British Tamil Federation.

Responsible media groups like the Financial Times , have an obligation to expose theƒÆ’-¡  culpability of these groups, particularly their leaders., for this monumental violation of human rights of twenty million people through thee decades and to bring them to book.ƒÆ’-¡  ƒÆ’-¡ 

This is what would enhance the moral authority of such media groups, no end.


Dr. Chula Rajapakse MNZM



United Sri Lanka Association,

New Zealand


Travels of a journalist [2013 Series #7] Kiri Banda offers polos for lunch As we hobnob in Uda Iriyagama

June 29th, 2013

By Shelton Gunaratne, author of Village Life in the Forties: Memories of a Lankan Expatriate (Bloomington, IN: iUniverse)

We, my spouse and I, were enthused about continuing our ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ…-detectiveƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ skills for finding our ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ…-lostƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ kith and kin, as evident from our exploits in Matara and Bandarawela. So, when we sat down for breakfast at Kandy Mount Villa Friday (April 5), we were almost certain that we could meet with our old pal, Balasuriya Mudiyanselage Kiri Banda (aka K. B. M. Balasuriya), just by visiting his village unannounced.

Kiri Banda and his wife Chandra, now retired, lived in Uda Iriyagama, just to the north of Peradeniya Junction. Back in 1991, on July 20 to be exact, I had visited their home for a re-union lunch for our closest pals from the undergraduate days at Jayatilaka HallƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬”‚ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ…-GayaƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ Gunawardena, ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ…-NandasiriƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ Leelaratne, the late S.G. Tennekoon and the late D. B. Ranatunge (see Ch. 17of Vol. 1: The Journey of a Journalist). But I had only a faint memory of how to get there.

The last Friday of March, two days after my arrival in Sri Lanka this year, I visited Gunawardena at his Talakotuwa Gardens home in Colombo, and Leelaratne at his Dutugemunu Street home in Kohuwala. All three of the living pals who participated in the 1991 re-union lunch failed to turn up at my book-launching event at the Kelaniya University the previous afternoon. I visited them partly to find out the veracity of their excuses based on ill health.

I could not simply skip saying hello to Kiri Banda after spending a night in Kandy (pop. 125, 400), the Home of the Temple of the Tooth Relic. So, we got our driver Amal Chandrakumara to take us back to Peradeniya Junction and head for Uda Iriyagama to search for Dr. Kiri Banda who had retired from a senior academic position at the Institute of Workers Education, University of Colombo.


Google map of Iriyagama and Peradeniya

At Jayatilaka Hall, we regarded Kiri Banda as our Mahadenamutta (all-purpose adviser) based on his seniority in age, his coarse voice, and his mature disposition. I could remember how we accompanied him to DavithƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s canteen in Jayatilaka Hall to receive his profound advice over a hot beverage after a session of ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ…-cramming.ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬

Kiri Banda, like me, wanted to improve his economic and intellectual capital by getting a doctorate from an American university. He sought my assistance to acquire the means necessary to come to America. His singular effort paid huge dividends when the University of Pennsylvania offered him financial help to do graduate studies. After getting his doctorate, he taught at university level in Saudi Arabia earning more than enough money to spend a very comfortable life in Sri Lanka.

Kiri Banda was a neighbor of mine on the ground floor of Jayatilaka Hall when we first entered the Peradeniya campus in 1958. My first roommate was the late Wimal Monnankulame. Leelaratne and Abeywardene (now Bhikku Katukurunde Nanananda of Pothugulgala Aranya) occupied the adjoining room. Kiri Banda, Gunawardena, Tennekoon, and Ranatunge were our good neighbors.

Kiri Banda was a few years older than the rest our ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ…-gang.ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ His avuncular disposition and coarse voice enabled him to impart a degree of gravity whenever he engaged in conversation. I can recall a particular conversation of our ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ…-gangƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ during our first week on campus.

ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ…-So, what do you all plan to study for your degree?ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ Kiri Banda inquired.

ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ…-I will read for a B.A. in economics,ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ I said using British (Oxbridge) parlance.

Monnankulame, who hailed from Uva Paranagama, thought my response was hilarious. That answer plagued me throughout my campus life.

The foregoing anecdote came to my memory as we surveyed Uda Iriyagama searching for Kiri BandaƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s residence. Amal volunteered to talk to the villagers who directed us to a house on the opposite side of a rice paddy. As we reached the house, I was sure that we had come to the correct spot. An elderly woman who was sweeping the compound confirmed that it was indeed where KB lived, but that the couple had left for shopping in Kandy just a few minutes ago.

The woman invited us in for tea. Then, she contacted the couple on their cell phone to inform them of our arrival. I could not but wonder how communication technology had improved by leaps and bounds to facilitate the location of people even in rural surroundings. The woman told us that the couple had cut short their shopping trip to see us in a jiffy.

While we were waiting, Yoke-Sim and I walked in the yard surrounding the house admiring the bucolic flora and fauna that reminded me of my childhood days in Pathegama. The bare-bodied farmer who was turning the muddy soil of the rice paddy using an ox-drawn wooden plough showed the co-existence of the modern and old technologies.


The bucolic splendor of Kiri BandaƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s habitat. This is a view from the backyard of his home in Uda Iriyagama.[Photo by Yoke-Sim Gunaratne ƒÆ’-¡© 2013]

Soon, we saw an automobile entering the compound with Kiri Banda in the driverƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s seat. The couple welcomed us with hugs, and we talked about my previous visit in 1991 for the unforgettable get-together. Now in his mid-70s, Kiri Banda had somewhat shrunk in physical size and lost the coarseness of his voice. His wife, 10 years younger than he, was now at the helm. Their grown-up kids were doing very well, and they expected one family to visit them in the afternoon for a few daysƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢ stay.

They insisted that we wait for a lunch that would include polos curry (made of unripen jackfruit bulbs, which taste like meat). Because I was longing to eat polos for a long time and Yoke-Sim was game to try out any kind of Asian curry, we agreed.


Kiri Banda (left) and his spouse Chandra Dorabawila (third from left) pose with the writer and the writerƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s wife in front of the house.

[Photo by Amal Chandrakumara ƒÆ’-¡© 2013]

It turned out that we were the beneficiaries of a sumptuous lunch originally intended for the visiting family. ƒÆ’-¡ Nevertheless, we enjoyed the smashing local dishes.

Early afternoon, we said good-bye to the old couple, who appreciated that we honored them by interrupting our long journey to visit them.

Next, Amal drove us south on Galaha Road to the campus of Peradeniya University. New buildings cluttered the entryway and obstructed our view of Jayatilaka Hall, which we entered through the backdoor. Yoke-Sim and I viewed the room that Monnankulame and I occupied in our freshmen year when I started ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ…-to read for a B.A. in economics.ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ We stopped to look at the dining hall, which now had a cafeteria selling a potion of rice for 50 cents. I didnƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢t see a trace of DavithƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s old canteen where Kiri Banda used to pontificate. With four students sharing each room, the quality of life appeared to have taken a downturn.

Further down Galaha Road, we walked to see the Arts Building, the Library and the Registry Building. We turned sour when the guard at the library entrance insisted that we couldnƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢t visit the library without written clearance from the Registrar.

ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ…-Whose money do you use to run this library?ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ I asked the guard in anger.

The guard was unrelenting. When we went to the Registry, we found that the registrar and his minions were out on their lunch break. After wasting a half-hour or so, we got clearance for a brief visit to the library.

In the library, we met with the deputy registrar on library affairs, who introduced us to the librarian. Both told us that no written permission was necessary to enter the library. I expressed my disappointment that none of the books that I, an alumnus of Peradeniya, had authored was in the library.

Back in Kandy, we did not dilly-dally at any other tourist traps because we had already visited them in the past except for a brief stop in Matale (pop. 40,860) to see the Hindu temple with its theru (chariot) festival. Our destination for the night was Polonnaruwa, about 133 km north and northeast of Kandy.

The need to end the danger of leaving the destiny of the nation entirely in the hands of politicians -Part 11

June 28th, 2013

Dr Sudath Gunasekara (SLAS) Retired Permanent secretary and President Senior Citizens Movement Mahanuwara 28.6.2013

ƒÆ’-¡  (leaving the destiny of the nation entirely in the hands of politicians is just like leaving a hen-house for a pack of hungry foxes for safe keeping)

A breakaway group led by SWRD Bandaranaike in the UNP formed the SLFP in 1952 and that reflected mainly the political convictions of the Sinhala Mahasabha led by SWRD that championed the restoration of the lost rights of the natives, more particularly the Sinhala Buddhists, who formed the majority (nearly 90% at that time) of this country and ushering in an era of economic, social and cultural prosperity for them.

The notion of minority communities in this country was created by the 1948 Constitution (made in Britain) for the first time in the history of this country. Before that there were no minorities, for 25 centuries all people in this country were known as Sinhalyo meaning the people of the Sinhale or Lanka. Mass social integration of immigrants was the rule rather than the exception. They took local names, learned the native language, adopted local customs and finally became one with the natives. For example even today you can see descendants of Muslims with Kandyan ge names and wasagamas around Kandy unlike present day Muslims who attempt to convert everything including the names, dress and customs to Muslim. These British made minorities organized themselves purely on communal and ethnic lines. For example Tamil congress, Ilankai Tamil Arusu Kachchi (Ceylon Tamil State Party dubbed as the Federal Party), an offshoot of Ceylon Tamil Congress and the Ceylon Indian Congress representing the South Indian Estate labour, brought by the British to work in the tea plantations after 1830s. Though they were domicile in this country they were not citizens of this country. Even today after most of them have got citizenship they are Indian in mind and heart. Later the name Ceylon Indian Congress was changed as Ceylon Workers Congress. Subsequently Muslims also formed their own political parties. The most conspicuous feature of these minorities is that none of them were prepared to accept that this Island Nation had existed for thousands of years as Sinhale, which means the land of the Sinhala people. Thus Tamils and Muslims rejected and declined to accept the socio-political and cultural supremacy of the native Sinhalese and started to agitate for parity of status and often stood for self determination supported by subversive colonial agents and India. The tragedy is that the same process continuous even today. Sri ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ Lanka is one of the best examples for this nebulous and disastrous new political model, a legacy left behind by the colonial rulers.

All Tamils though they live and make their bread on this sacred soil they always treat India as their motherland and Indian leaders as their leaders. Even a barber saloon run by them in a remote bazaar are adorned and decorated with Indian leaders like Gandhi, Nehru and Gokale and Indian gods and monkeys like Hanuman. Labourers on tea estates were going to India every year and they deposited their gold and all earnings there from the time they were brought here by the British. Though they lived here physically for all intent and purposes they were and are still Indian both in mind and heart. They continue to do so even today. All Tamil politicians run to India and ask the Indian government o save them from the Sri Lankan Government. Tamils do not want to live in a unitary State; representing less than 10% of the total population they want a separate State-within this country-an EElam extending from Putlam through Jaffna to Kataragama ƒÆ’-¡ covering 1/3 of the countryƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s area and 2/3 the coastal line. Muslims on the other hand at the early stages were less attached emotionally to any particular Muslim country only their religious ties with Mecca were very strong. In the past we had men like T.B. Jaya and C.A.S. Marikar (fondly called Sinhala Marikkar) but today in their place we have power hungry anti -Sinhala and anti-Sri Lankan opportunist separatists like Hakeem. They also have started now to assert as a separate nation agitating even for separatism. In sum while Tamils want to make this an India, Muslims want to make this a Muslim country. For example even at the Cabinet meeting on 6th June ƒÆ’-¡ held to discuss Proposed governments amendments to the 13th A, Hakeem took up the position that ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ”¹…”the proposed amendment sought to dilute and circumscribe the powers of devolution provided by the 13th Constitutional amendment and other related Constitutional provisions. The SLMC leader stated that this move had huge implications for his party the Muslim Congress, the Muslim people and the minority ethnicities in general. (Note the extremist communalist and divisive tone). With this kind of assertions he is trying to kill two birds (sympathy of both Muslims and Tamils for his cause).

The Justice Minister also pointed out that his party the Sri Lanka Muslim Congress had passed a resolution at the party convention against any further proposals aimed at diluting the powers of devolution provided to the Provincial councils at present. As such he was duty bound to consult his party and obtain their views before deciding on the matter, Hakeem explainedƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢. We must also not forget the fact that he (SLMC leader) cancelled his proposed visit to Palestine from Jordan and returned hastily to Sri Lanka in order to set this fire ball rolling.

Another danger that has come to stay in our political system is the succession of political office. Very often it is circulated among the family members; from husband to wife, son or daughter or a close family member like a brother, brother-in-law or cousin etc without any consideration of their suitability to hold such position. What is worse is they are nominated by the party leaders and not elected by the people and very often such men and women are also given top portfolios thereby making representative democracy a big joke. This has made politics a mere family business and hindered new blood coming in to politics.

This scenario clearly points to few distinct features in Sri Lankan politics. Firstly, both SLFP and UNP leaderships always give in and succumb to minority demands to remain in power and no one has the guts and the backbone to stand up and speak the truth. Secondly, both Tamils and Muslim politicians talk only of their rights as separate ethnic groups and self determination for their ethnic communities. Thirdly, they refuse to accept that they are only minorities in this country, Fourthly, they are never prepared to accede to the fact that the Sinhala people have an overriding and inalienable right over every grain of sand in this Island as their Historical Homeland where they lived as the Nation of the country for 2500 years and who alone are responsible for the fabrics of civilization on each and every inch on this land. (This country will never prosper until we put an end to Tamil and Muslim communal politics and get the Tamils and Muslims to accede to the historical realities of this Island nation). Fifthly, politics has become a mere family business rather than a service o people. Finally, only Sinhala people have scarified their lives in millions throughout history and treat this country as their only traditional Motherland, where others also can live in harmony with them. Therefore their right to this country is inalienable. This is not Sinhala Buddhist chauvinism. This is only plain truth.

No broad national policies

None of these political parties had broad national policies from the inception. Of the traditional parties only SLFP spoke of the language and religion of the majority community, that is the Sinhalese and took some realistic steps to restore the lost rights of the majority, like making Sinhala the official language and giving due recognition to their heritage in 1956. It is a national tragedy that today even some Sinhala pundits (mainly the leftist camp) blame Bandaranaike for making Sinhala the Official Language.ƒÆ’-¡  But I ask them, if Sinhala that was the State language of this country for 2500 years was not made the Official language in this country then where else it could be given that status? What Banda did by making Sinhala the Official Language in 1956 was only a rectification of a historical injustice done to the Sinhala Nation by British in 1815 by depriving their right to use their own Language that was there for 2500 years, for which the Sinhala nation should be ever grateful. The leftist parties going by the communist ideology spoke of religion as opium and they were completely alienated from the native culture and lived in the dream world of revolution. Of late the newly formed Helaurumaya, MEP, JVP and Bhumiputra parties have taken up a strong stand on local culture, language and religion agitating for national resurgence. But the tragedy is that even these parties are not committed enough to join as one force based on a common denominator to complete the mission of national resurgence started in 1956. Now that the SLFP that played the key role in that historic resurgence has lost its original luster and indigenous outlook due to infiltration of ideologies and men of different political camps running counter to SLFP policies, is wavering and oscillating on national issues, the time has come for these new emerging forces to re visit their strategies and join hands to realize their common goal.

The present UNP, particularly under the leadership of Ranil Wickramasingha, on the other hand is fully alienated from the majority thinking and struggling in political wilderness to build a united nation without recognizing the aspirations of the majority who form the bed rock of this nation. The latest proposals for a new Constitution by the UNP amply demonstrate their servile and dependency mentality on the West and the inability to understand local history and traditions. Even though the proposed draft Constitution has many plus points its failure to include the removal of the Provincial Councils and the repeal of the JR-Rajeev Pact (an illegitimate and undemocratic conspiracy imposed on us by India which has distorted the geopolitical history of this Island) that have played havoc with this country for the past thirty years, it has failed to get the serious attention of the masses. What sense they make with territorial integrity if they fail to remove the Provincial Council system that has already laid the foundation for the division of the Sri Lankan unitary State on ethnic basis?

Although the SLFP under the Leadership of Mahinda Rajapaksa in 2005 was able to re-kindle the cultural resurgence started by SWRD in 1956, of late it appears to be unsteady, wavering and unstable in the face of threats from India and the Western block. ƒÆ’-¡ Whether, it is due to outside pressure or wrong advice or purely the greed to remain in power, only time will tell. Being the present leader of the main party (SLFP) that was responsible for organizing the whole country against the Indo-Lanka Accord and the 13h A in 1987, I really cannot understand why he does not repeal them now as the Executive President, when he has all the powers and support on earth both inside and outside the Parliament. The only way to get him to do that is to bring pressure on him so that he cannot escape. He can never get absolved from the blunder of not abolishing these things immediately after the conclusion of the war in 2009.

The UNP and the SLFP changed their policies from time to time to accommodate Tamil and Muslim agitations giving in to them to cling on to power. No party had the political courage to tell the minorities that they are only minorities in this country and to tell them to accept the status quo of Sri Lankan politics for obvious reasons. So none has a consistent and strong national policy; all have become hundred percent votes centered and none is people friendly. Everything is manipulated for the temporary benefit of the politicians, their parties and henchmen.

With the transformation of the party system over time more and more underworld thugs, drug dealers, tavern owners and fulltime fraudulent businessmen with hardly any education or understanding on politics or state craft have taken over all the political institutions both at the national and local levels, helping each other from top to bottom to remain in the field. Thus today those who command money and muscles sans any brain or character dominate the entire political field. The existing system is so corrupt even excellent Professors, Administrators and professionals after joining the fray of politics gets reduced to mere scum for survival.

Present day politicians in reality donƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢t represent people; they represent only their own interest and those of their leaders. Under the current system men from outside areas are imported and planted as candidates. They are nominated and selected by party leaders and voters have no choice but to vote them in the name of the party. As such they are not truly elected by voters. Elections that follow are only a ratifying process of an illegitimate system. As such they have ceased to be the representatives of peopleƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s interests either. They are answerable and under obligation only to the leader of the party, who has his own interest in turn. The fact that no Mp or Minister opens his eyes or mouth against this corrupt and undemocratic system and prepared to part with the enormous privileges enjoyed at the expense of the voters aptly proves their commitment to service.

Under the present system once they are elected and a Government is formed the numerical majority in Parliament is maintained by undemocratic, unethical and even unconstitutional (as JR did) methods like giving portfolios, bribing, blackmailing and inducing by offering lucrative packages and protection against punishment (including even Presidential pardon for serious criminal offences) and various other concessions as it is done today. Bills are passed in Parliament by using that artificial majority but the public is never consulted; Public protests are ignored or brushed off using the artificial majority maintained under duress; agreements are entered with foreign countries and International agencies but neither the Parliament nor even the Cabinet knows the content and the conditions. Only privileged groups who sign such agreements know what they contain. When they fault and repercussions follow the public has to pay the toll. State enterprises are packed with political appointments and none is managed properly according to standard financial or establishment rules and principles. According to the Ministry of Finance and Planning State Owned Enterprises losses in 2011 have gone up to 432% since 2005. From contributing Rs. 32bn in profits eight years ago, state enterprises now burden economy with Rs. 107bn in losses

Recently even the Treasury Secretary Dr. P. B. Jayasundera himself has said, when the 2011 annual report was launched, that ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ”¹…”it has been the practice of successive governments to appoint their cronies to top positions in public enterprises and ƒÆ’-¡ the government should desist this practice and appoint competent people to run state-owned enterprises instead. These officials should be removed and replaced by competent officials. The Treasury is not the appointing authority. It is up to the government to take this matter seriously. Policy makers need to put party politics aside and assume the role of custodian. These SOEs have the potential to reap good profits. We need officials who will put the interest of the country firstƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢. He also has pointed out the need to appointment of competent managerial staff and improving corporate best practices and accountability through the boards of directors and senior management personnel if the enterprises are to run efficiently. The latest report of the COPE alsoƒÆ’-¡  repots some State enterprises have caused a loss of Rs 15 billion rupees last year to the Treasury due to miss management. The fault entirely lies with the government as well as the Treasury. This I think is only the tip of the ice berg of mismanagement or poor management of the State sector. I have a feeling that like Romeo in ancient Rome our politicians are ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ”¹…”playing the harpƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢ of glory and affluenceƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢ while Sri Lanka is on fire.

Again if a Minister wants to gets a pet Project or a job done or a man /woman appointed to a particular place outside the prevailing rules and regulations or financial and cadre implications the he just gets it done through a Cabinet paper. Cabinet approval for a paper depends more on who submits it rather than the national importance it carries.

Even in the ancient days, though the king was not dependent on peoples vote he ruled justly according to the wishes of the subjects as advised by the clergy and the Purohita. ƒÆ’-¡ Present day politicians including their leaders do not listen to the clergy either. In the past when the King passed the red line people themselves got together, revolted and got rid of the king. Today though the leaders are elected by the people they canƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢t remove them when they donƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢t want them; though they are Kingmakers they cannot unmake the Kings. Majority of opinion leaders in the country keep their mouths shut as they are also kept under obligation by politicians having baited them with different methods. Once elected even by fraudulent methods these politicians are set for generations.

Today there is no public service either to protect public interest. Though all public servants are paid by the people they serve only politicians and their own interests. Even the Judiciary and courts are not independent. They are manipulated the way politicians want. Politicians together with top public servants play the game. The Head of the State is immune from all actions done as the President. Thus though it is said Sovereignty lies with the people in practice real sovereignty lies in the hands of the politicians.

Within the present system all what they do is done for their own benefit. Their hands are dirty, minds are dirty, actions are dirty and even the words and thoughts are dirty. The increasing crime spree in the country including a majority of rapes, intimidation, killings, frauds, and other malpractices and subversive activities daily reported in the media are attributed to powerful politicians or their close associates both at national and local levels (mostly Pradeshiya Sabha Chairmen who are local leaders elected) including some Cabinet Ministers. Of all crimes they commit they go scot free.ƒÆ’-¡  Though they donƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢t have immunity under the Constitution, unlike the President, or under the law, by convention and practice they all enjoy absolute immunity. Dozens of examples of such politicians including some Cabinet Ministers could be cited n this regard. This may be why they are called Magodistuma by the public. When once in a way such a powerful person is remanded as eyewash, instead of being in the remand prison he suddenly fall sick by some unseen divine spell and he gets the privilege of resting in a hospital lounge at public expense.

ƒÆ’-¡ Politicians and their families are maintained by the people at exorbitant cost to society. Their house rents, medical bills, insurance, transport, telephone bills, foreign travel, domestic bills, entertainments and even electricity bills etc are paid with public funds. ArenƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢t they the people who should set the example to the ordinary people? There is no public mechanism that can stop these politicians from behaving like this. Therefore the crying need to have a powerful and effective mechanism to check and control them and get them to serve the people and the country and chase them out of office when they misbehave. ArenƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢t these the major issues the formulators of a new Constitution should address?

The million dollar question the public should ask now is what is the mighty service, people have got in return from these people; this has been going on from 1977 up to date daily increasing exponentially. How can we trust these parasitic men and women anymore? Now I hope readers can see the danger of leaving the destiny of the nation entirely in the hands of the politicians, a pack of absolute poly-tricksters? No politician either in the right or left speaks a single word about this national tragedy proves that none is honest. For example if you take the 13th A issue you can see how many politicians talk sense or how many of them understand its real implications on the destiny of the nation. They only plant the stick to suit the creeper by praising the Kings New clothes. When the media Minister of this Government says that the purpose of Indian imposed 13h Amendment was the prevention of the creation of two states, where as it was actually just the opposite, one can realize the length and breadth of the faculties of our politicians.ƒÆ’-¡  He may know the truth but more than that he knows that, that is the thinking of the leader. As Brutus said he must be muttering ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ…-not that I donƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢t know the truth but I know better what the President wants me to say and also I know what will happen to my portfolio if I donƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢t say what he wants me to sayƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬. Alibaba and the 40 thieves could be a fable. But you all know that what I have said here ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ is not an invented fable. In this backdrop donƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢t you think leaving the destiny of the nation entirely in the hands of a pack of people like this is like handing over a hen-house to a pack of hungry foxes for safe keeping?

The foregoing account I hope will convince the readers toƒÆ’-¡  understand the need to end the danger of leaving the destiny of the nation entirely in the hands ofƒÆ’-¡  politicians and the need to evolve a People centred and PeopleƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s Friendly Political culture with a powerful mechanism to check and control politicians and remove them from office when they donƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢t act in the interest of the public.

I would like to conclude this note with the following quotation from the Russian President as an eye opener to our politiciansƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢ especially the bankrupt leftists and all Tamils and Muslims who refuse to understand what Sri Lanka is.

(The Address to the Duma, (Russian Parliament) by Vladimir Putin, the Russian President on February 4th, 2013, about the tensions with minorities in Russia) Source: Lankaweb June 8th.

ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ…-In Russia live Russians. Any minority, from anywhere, if it wants to live in Russia, to work and eat in Russia, should speak Russian, and should respect the Russian laws. If they prefer Sharia Law, then we advise them to go to those places where thatƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢s the state law. Russia does not need minorities. Minorities need Russia, and we will not grant them special privileges, or try to change our laws to fit their desires, no matter how loud they yell ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ”¹…”discriminationƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢. We better learn from the suicides of America, England, Holland and France, if we are to survive as a nation. The Russian customs and traditions are not compatible with the lack of culture or the primitive ways of most minorities. When this honorable legislative body thinks of creating new laws, it should have in mind the national interest first, observing that the minorities are not RussiansƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬.

In our context it should be read and declared in Rajyasabha as follows.

ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ…-In Sri Lanka (Sinhale) live Sri Lankans/Sinhalese. Any minority, from anywhere, if it wants to live in Sri Lanka, to work and eat in Sri Lanka/Sinhale, should learn and speak Sinhala, and should respect the Sri Lankan/ Sinhale laws. If they prefer Thesavalamei or Sharia Law, then we advise them to go to those places where those are the State laws. Sri Lanka does not need minorities. Minorities need Sri Lanka/Sinhale, and we will not grant them any more special privileges (as we have already given them too much than any other country in the world), or try to change our laws to fit their desires, no matter how loud they yell ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ”¹…”discriminationƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢. We have to learn from the suicides of America, England, Holland and France, if we are to survive as a nation. The Sri Lankan/ Sinhala customs and traditions are not to be betrayed and destroyed to satisfy the insatiable communal aspirations of minorities. When this honorable legislative body thinks of creating new laws, it should have in mind the national interest first, observing that the minorities are only minorities and they are not Sri Lankans until they admit that this is the land of the ƒÆ’-¡ Sinhala people.ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ ƒÆ’-¡ 

This is exactly what we have been telling our politicians, who donƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢t have ears to hear and eyes to see, for decades. It is time for the people of this country to command them to say so and do so at least now. If they donƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢t listen and do it, we must find ƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ”¹…”a Sri Lankan PutinƒÆ’‚¢ƒ¢-¡‚¬ƒ¢-¾‚¢ who can say so and do so tomorrow.

I think we have blundered enough by leaving everything to politicians since independence and if we fail to arrest this tragedy at least now, the day the curtain will fall on the Sinhala Buddhist civilization of Sri Lanka is not that far.

Copyright © 2014 All Rights Reserved. Powered by Wordpress