Will the govt implement 13A?

July 18th, 2016

By Shivanthi Ranasinghe Courtesy Ceylon Today

Joint Opposition MP Shehan Semasinghe is concerned with the Electoral System Committee’s proceedings, in which he is a member.

“The government,” he states, “is still not clear whether executive powers should continue with the President or transfer to the Prime Minister, and President to be ceremonial. But without deciding how and who will manage the executive powers the discussions are centred on devolution and what the electoral system, what the Constitution and how the country should be.”

“I think the government has already made up its minds to go ahead with the full implementation of the 13th Amendment (13A). To the public, they are showing that an effort is made to follow a democratic process. But, they already have their framework and they are just trying to get it endorsed. Then, what’s the point of even appointing these committees and steering committees?”
Exactly a month since Semasinghe shared his concerns with this writer, US Assistant Secretary of State, Nisha Biswal visits the Eastern Province with US Assistant Secretary of State for Democracy, Human Rights and Labour, Tom Malinowski and Charge d’affaires of the US Embassy, Robert Hilton. There, at the Eastern Provincial Council, she had a closed door conference with main political party representatives.
Afterwards, Eastern Province Chief Minister, Hafeez Nazeer Ahamed revealed, “We have emphasized that the 13A fully must be implemented as soon as possible…no discussion needed. Any constitutional reforms needed, must be done without further delay.
Devolution of power
When it comes to devolution of power, there had always been delaying tactics. So, we emphasized that for genuine process to take place and to sustain the peace we have achieved, there should be no further delays. Land and police powers must be given in full. Also, the monies for these must be given directly instead of through the Central Government. Otherwise, we’ll not be able to carry out our duties.”
Retired Senior DIG Gamini Gunawardane, writes to ‘The Island’, that in a unitary Constitution, it is not possible to devolve the function of internal security and maintenance of law and order to Chief Ministers.
He explains, “Law and order and internal security in the country are a fundamental precondition necessary for all other activities. All economic, political, social and cultural activity could take place in a community only in a secure environment. For that matter, even the basics of life, food, clothing and shelter, could be enjoyed by a person only if one could have them in a secure environment.
Thus, maintenance of law and order becomes a fundamental responsibility of governance. That may be the reason why the subject of defence and internal security, is kept directly under the President and earlier, under the PM, under the previous Constitutions. It is thus a basic/core responsibility of the Head of State, in governance. Therefore, it could be construed as an ‘inalienable’ responsibility.

Responsibility and accountability
“With responsibility goes accountability. This means accountability for the preservation of law and order in the country lies directly on the government and more specifically, on the Head of State. He is primarily accountable for the whole country’s peace, law and order. Hence, is it practical or legitimately possible for him to devolve this responsibility and accountability to somebody (viz. Chief Minister) who is independent of him and over whom he has no effective or direct control?” Presidential Counsel Manohara de Silva agrees.
“Especially, looking at the Sri Lankan situation with its separatist elements,” he says, “It’s essential that there’s some kind of presidential control, so no one abuses power.
“We ought to practise good governance, which is something separatists don’t want us to do. Their first step is to create a weak Central Government and a strong provincial government. Then, it is a hop, skip and a jump to separation. The amendments to the Constitution expose this thinking clearly.”
13A divided the police as the National Division and the Provincial Division. “This,” DIG Gunawardane and PC de Silva explain “created structural problems, that subsequent amendments, chiefly 17A and 19A, seeks to exploit.”
DIG Gunawardane questions whether “The IGP, as head of the Sri Lanka Police Force – now divided as the National Division and Provincial Divisions – remain responsible for the policing of the whole country, when he had lost his Territorial Policing Arm, which is the core police activity and responsibility, to the Provincial Division?”
“National Police are concerned with offences,” explains PC de Silva, “of the nature committed against the State, currency, elections, public officers and ministers.”
“Then, through whom does the President exercise his total responsibility and accountability,” asks DIG Gunawardane, “for the other aspects of law and order, especially at territorial level?”
The problem
“Here lies the problem,” agrees PC de Silva. “According to section 11.1 of the Constitution, “The DIG of the province shall be responsible to and under the control of the Chief Minister of the Province.”
“Though the national defence and national security are with the Central Government, there is a limitation in item K of the reserved list under national security. It states that without the consent of the Provincial Council, members of a police force belonging to any province to any area outside that province, cannot exercise powers and jurisdiction.”
Though the IGP is instrumental in appointing the DIG, it is only with the concurrence of the Chief Minister. The DIG is not only accountable to, but also is under Chief Minister’s control.
“Then where is the Territorial Command of the IGP?” questions DIG Gunawardane. “What is he responsible for, beyond the appointment of the DIG, whom he cannot remove without the Chief Minister’s concurrence? How could the DIG be held accountable to the IGP who in turn, is accountable for policing the whole country?
“This situation becomes further complicated when the Chief Minister happens to be a member of a political party that is different to that of the President/Defence Minister/Internal Security.”
“If a perpetrator,” explains PC de Silva, “is under the Chief Minister’s protection of another Province, they can simply cross the border and evade the law. We had a similar experience in mid 2000, when a police unit from the National Child Protection Authority crossed over to LTTE infested area in pursuit of a paedophile. The terrorists allowed the paedophile to escape, even though the victim was a Tamil, and forcibly kept the police officers for nearly a year.
Dangerous situation
“Actually, this is a very dangerous situation. If a Provincial Council supports an attack against the State, then that ground level activities can be effectively kept from reaching the National Police.
“As the department head, the IGP can be expected to act somewhat fairly. But can we expect the same from our politicians and rest assured that the system will not be compromised?”
“The delay of more than 12 hours caused in moving the Special Forces to Mumbai to deal with the deadly terrorist attack on the major tourist hotel there,” says DIG Gunawardane, shows how dysfunctional the Indian police was because of the command chain breakdown. “How many unnecessary deaths were caused as a result of this delay? Then, how in the ’80s, the IGP of Tamil Nadu behaved under Chief Minister M.G. Ramachandran whenever his police arrested Sri Lankan terrorists operating there – he was virtually a lump of clay in the Chief Minister’s hands!”
On the other hand, he argues, “We were able to have the World Cup matches in 1996, even in the midst of the battle with the LTTE terrorists going on in full cry. Similarly, Sri Lanka Police has been able to develop a countrywide rapid police response system where any citizen anywhere in the country could activate the police through a mere telephone call to 119.
Police Ordinance
“This is because of the Police Ordinance provides by section 56, for any police officer to exercise his police powers in any part of the country and intervene trans-provincial or otherwise, without the permission of anyone – leave alone Chief Minister or even the PM.”

“The 13A was bad enough,” exclaims PC de Silva, “that divided the Police and placed the DIG directly under the Chief Minister. But, when the 17A was introduced, the composition of the National Police Commission was amended, but not the composition of the Provincial Police Commission. Surely, that couldn’t have been an oversight.
“In the 13A, the National Police Commission was composed of, the IGP, a person nominated by the Public Service Commission in consultation with the President and a nominee of the Chief Justice.
The Provincial Police Commission is composed of the DIG of the Province, a person nominated by the Public Service Commission in consultation with the President and a nominee of the Chief Minister of the Province.
“Under the 1978 Constitution, the President appoints the IGP. So, he’s under the President’s total control. The Public Service Commission is also appointed by the President.
So, the nominee would also be under the President’s control. The Chief Justice’s nominee cannot be said to be under the President’s control. So, in the National Police Commission, two members were directly or indirectly under the control of the President.
“On the other hand, except for the nominee of the Public Service Commission, in the Provincial Police Commission, the other two members are under the Chief Minister’s control.
“In the 17A, the National Police Commission composition was changed to seven members appointed by the President on the recommendation of the Constitutional Council (CC), who may consult the Public Service Commission in making its recommendations. The CC’s controlling vote is with the PM and the Opposition Leader, who at most represent only two districts as opposed to the President.
The President, on the CC’s recommendation shall appoint one member as the Chairman.
“This goes to prove that the 17A seeks to weaken the Centre whilst strengthening the Provinces.
“In the 13A, there is another curious clause. Section 10.1 states, “Member of the National Division shall ordinarily be in plain clothes provided that they may wear uniforms when performing any duties in respect of the maintenance or restoration of public order as set out in paragraph 12:2, 12:3 and 12:4.
“To be in plain clothes when off duty is one thing, so let’s see what 13A omits – 12:1, which states the Provincial Division shall be responsible for the preservation of public order and prevention, detection and investigations of all offences within the Province, where as the National Division responsibilities are separate.
“Now Tamil politicians claim that they don’t have sufficient security under what they call a ‘Sinhala government’. Having said that, the Provincial Council is empowered for the entire Provincial Division, which is to be under the Chief Minister and the National Police have no powers to protect a regional minority of that Province.
“We’re trying to copy a system,” points out Semasinghe, “from a country whose smallest state is larger than Sri Lanka.
“If police powers are given, then for my security to come to Anuradhapura from Colombo, I’ll have to take permission from three Provincial Councils – from Western, North Western and North Central Provincial Councils.
At each, I’ll have to surrender my weapon, take permission from all these three to carry my weapon and only then take it back.”

ranasingheshivanthi@gmail.com

Is USA Planning to loosen its grip on Sri Lanka

July 18th, 2016

By Gagani Weerakoon Courtesy Ceylon Today

Last week, fans of the Nuga Sevana programme in Rupavahini witnessed US Assistant Secretary of State for South and Central Asian Affairs Nisha Biswal, who is on an official visit to Sri Lanka, preparing a polos embula –local spicy with guidance and tips from none other than Sri Lanka’s celebrity Master Chef Dr. Pubilis Silva of Mount Lavinia Hotel.

Biswal, who arrived in Sri Lanka after visiting Bangladesh, went to the Holey Bakery in Dhaka, and paid respects to the victims of heinous terrorist attack that took place, a few weeks back.
Interestingly Biswal’s arrival fell a few days after Chinese Foreign Minister’s low-key yet important visit to the country. Biswal has been a frequent visitor to Sri Lanka since President Maithripala Sirisena was elected to office in January 2015 with her visiting the country at least three times in 2015, first in February which later followed her visits in August and December.
On her first visit, Biswal pointing out challenges the new regime would have to face noted that “President Sirisena and Prime Minister Wickremesinghe have put forth an ambitious agenda for their first one hundred days and much has already been accomplished in such a short time. But we recognize that there is a lot of hard work ahead and some difficult challenges.”

preventing corruption
“Sri Lanka can count on the United States to be a partner and a friend in the way forward: Whether it is on rebuilding the economy, on preventing corruption and advancing good governance, and ensuring human rights and democratic participation for all of its citizens.”
“The United States stands with Sri Lanka. Our friendship dates back generations and since Sri Lanka’s independence, the United States has provided over $2 billion in assistance. No country in the world buys more Sri Lankan products than the United States and we look forward to growing and deepening our partnership, to advancing trade and investment.”
While she enjoyed preparing a polos curry, her visit to the island most certainly could not be as lighter a matter as cooking a local dish.

 UNHRC
While, the attention may have drawn to progress and what the government should accomplish before the progress was discussed at the UNHRC in October this year, the fact Biswal was accompanied by Assistant Secretary of State for Democracy, Human Rights, and Labour, Tom Malinowski shows that USA has put Sri Lanka amongst their priority list.
The visit was part of a planned visit to two different countries in the region –Bangladesh and Cambodia, and projected as a farewell gesture as President Barrack Obama’s tenure coming to an end. Experts in international relations, however, are of the view that this visit was to display USA’s solidarity to Sri Lanka and its wish to continue the goodwill in a manner that Sri Lankan rulers will not be pushed once again towards China.
Not only is Sri Lanka strategically important to both USA and India, but at a time tension between China and the USA is rising, the possibility is such that the world’s most powerful country would not take any stern action that would hurt Sri Lanka.
Sri Lanka-US relations
Time and again, the US top officials insisted that Sri Lanka-US relations at an all-time high and on a tremendous trajectory of partnership between the two countries which include last year’s visit by Secretary Kerry, Ambassador Samantha Power, and the Partnership Dialogue USA inaugurated in February this year.
She also said that Sri Lanka itself has been on a remarkable trajectory of addressing not only the internal issues that have challenged it, but also engaging with the broader international community in a spirit of partnership and dialogue.
“The United States has welcomed a deepening of ties between our two countries. The United States and Sri Lanka share common goals as fellow democracies, which are both working to promote and protect human rights and fundamental freedoms. We are partners, and today our relations are at an all-time high.
We have been proud to partner with Sri Lanka over the past 60 years, during which development and humanitarian assistance has improved countless lives, livelihoods, and living conditions all across Sri Lanka.
She also promised to continue to make substantial investments in multiple sectors — agriculture, enterprise development, education, health care, energy and natural resources, and humanitarian activities.
“As the Government of Sri Lanka moves ahead with its plans for constitutional reform, for justice and reconciliation, the United States will continue to partner with the government to foster economic development and encourage foreign investment, to work to advance opportunities for all Sri Lankans.”
These two top US officials arrived at a time where a clear division between the Executive President and part of the government on the matter of letting foreign experts is evident.

 foreign judges
Not long ago President Sirisena amidst growing resistance from his opponents on involving foreign judges and other experts in an accountability process on alleged war crimes contradicted his Minister of Foreign Affairs Mangala Samaraweera and pledged the Maha Sangha that he would not allow any foreign involvement in the matter as long as he was in office.
It is despite this strong resistance by the Head of the State that Biswal following her meeting with Mnister Samaraweera noted that “We continue to support the Government of Sri Lanka as it takes meaningful and concrete steps in response to concerns of its people related to democratic governance and advancing respect for human rights, for reconciliation, for justice and accountability. We can envision a future which brings benefits to both countries, and to peace and prosperity and security across the Indian Ocean as Sri Lanka assumes a greater role as a key partner in this region, as Sri Lanka assumes its great potential as a hub and a gateway to connect to rising economic societies of South and Southeast Asia.”
“Much work remains, but the United States is committed to partnering with the Sri Lankan people to address challenges and help this country and its people to realise their true potential,” she said.
Meanwhile, Assistant Secretary Malinowski after meeting Minister Samaraweera said, in the last few months, and in particular the last several weeks, they have seen Sri Lanka take very concrete steps forward in its reform, democratization, and reconciliation agenda: the bill to establish an Office of Missing Persons, ratifying the convention on disappearances, additional land releases by the military, the President’s very important directive on arrests under the PTA, and progress in work on the Constitution.
“A lot of this work was foreshadowed in last year’s Human Rights Council resolution. That resolution embodied commitments the Sri Lankan people have made in their own national interests to restore accountability and the rule of law to their country. The United States was a co-sponsor of that resolution, and as such we feel we have a shared responsibility to help see this process through. So we look forward to supporting Sri Lanka as it puts into place the remaining institutions and reforms that the resolution endorsed. We very strongly commend the government for working closely with the United Nations and High Commissioner Zeid to advance that progress.
“I also want to strongly second my colleague Assistant Secretary Biswal’s comments on economic development and on the opportunity and responsibility we have as a partner of Sri Lanka to help the people of this country achieve the peace dividend that they so deserve. I want to stress that in our minds these two objectives — economic development and reconciliation — go hand-in-hand. Without a peace dividend, it will be harder to pursue reconciliation.

“But reconciliation is also advanced, as we have seen in country after country in the world, where people can come together rather than let themselves be split apart. In a larger sense, this reminds us why what is happening in Sri Lanka is so important to people all over the world, because if you look at what’s happening in the world today, there’s obviously not a lot of good news to be found. A lot of the problems that we see are rooted in something that Sri Lanka knows all too well — this contest between the politics of division and the politics of common ground. We’ve seen, unfortunately, in many places around the world that it is easier to win in politics by making simple appeals to racial, religious, or national pride, than by doing the hard work of governing. Easier sometimes to blame others for our problems than to take responsibility ourselves. In that way you can distract people from your own failures and lack of vision.
“I think the people Sri Lanka have shown us again and again, that regardless where they come from, or what language they speak, or what faith they belong to, everyone has the same fundamental interests. Everybody has an interest in peace, everyone has an interest in law and order, in accountability, in moving this country forward. The people of Sri Lanka chose a government that seeks to serve all its people rather than setting them against each other. For that reason, the whole world needs Sri Lanka to succeed and to show others the way. We are proud to be your partner in that effort.”
If there is anything that both India and the USA do not wish to see, that is China occupying the major portion of Sri Lanka’s ground and the ocean. For USA, who is planning on increasing its presence in Indian Ocean, China increasing its presence in Sri Lanka is surely not the appetite.
At a time a Chinese company eying to acquire lands and properties occupied by World’s largest cement producer, Lafarge Holcim who is planning on fully divesting its Sri Lankan operations, its subsidiary Holcim Lanka as part of a global rationalization strategy of the Switzerland-based building materials group, USA is unlikely to do anything that would push Sri Lanka towards China. It was believed that USA’s stern approach in matters of Sri Lanka pushed the Rajapaksa regime towards bonding strongly with US opponents like China, Russia and Pakistan.

If China succeed in acquiring the deal, it will make sure Chinese presence in all salient points including Colombo Harbour, Galle Harbour and more importantly Trincomalee Harbour.
It is also no longer a secret that US is planning on stationing its Pacific Command in the Indian Ocean with the assistance of Sri Lanka. The first sign of this was US Navy’s Seventh Fleet Flagship, USS Blue Ridge, arriving in Colombo on 26 March 2016 for a five-day port call, with 900 sailors on board.
In November 2011, Hillary Clinton, the then Secretary of State, in her Foreign Policy article ‘America’s Pacific Century’ has defined the Asia-Pacific as “stretching from the Indian subcontinent to the western shores of the Americas, the region spans two oceans – the Pacific and the Indian – that are increasingly linked by shipping and strategy.
In his 17 November, 2011 address to the Australian Parliament, President Obama said that the future being sought in the Asia-Pacific was “security, prosperity and dignity for all”.
On the other hand, the Strategic Guidance Document published by the US Department of Defence in 2012 stated that, “US economic and security interests are inextricably linked to developments in the arc extending from the Western Pacific and East Asia into the Indian Ocean Region and South Asia, creating a mix of evolving challenges and opportunities”.
Under these circumstances, it is likely that USA who also does not face domestic pressure like the UK or Canada, will only push Sri Lanka to get foreign technical assistance in certain areas and not push for setting up a ‘hybrid’ court as predicted, experts opined.

PM eyeing to bring the federal solution – Lokuge

July 18th, 2016

PM eyeing to bring the federal solution – Lokuge

අග්‍රාමාත්‍යවරයා ව්‍යවස්ථාව සංශෝධනය කරන්න යන්නේ ෆෙඩරල් පොරොන්දු ඉටු කිරීමටයි… – ගාමිණී ලොකුගේ.

Procedures, bungawewa!

July 18th, 2016

Jolly Somasundram Courtesy The Island

The front page of The Island of July 13 carried a media statement of His Eminence Malcolm Cardinal Ranjith, on delays in the rehabilitation of those who suffered from the explosion of ordnance at Salawa. The statement “urged government to waive red tape”, to get the job done. In the God-Caesar divide, rehabilitation is clearly Caesar’s responsibility, overseen by People’s elected representatives, the politicians from the Pradeshiya Sabha, Western Provincial Council and Parliament. If there is a failure, it is the politician who will pay. Physical rehabilitation does not fall within the remit of God.

Both the Catholic Church and Public Administration (Caesar’s minions) are the oldest formal organisations known to man. Both bring together a large number of workers, priests and public servants, in structures based on hierarchy. The organisational structure of a Divisional Secretariat and that of a monastery is the same, though their clienteles, vision, missions and, consequently, their work methodologies and expected outputs are different. Both are bound by sets of rules, laid down elsewhere, to which those who work within them have to adhere. If a catholic child, in a distant parish, suffers a major accident for which, remedial measures are available only in Colombo, the parish priest cannot rent out an ambulance-helicopter, on his own volition, without getting approval at higher levels. During these negotiations, the child may even die. Rules restrain the taking of the Right decisions and constrain the decision maker to taking correct decisions. Rules, covering both eventualities are called Red Tape. The existential despair of public servants arises when he has to transit from the correct decision to the right one.
article_image
Salawa after the disaster

His Eminence has two responsibilities, to be the highest spiritual guide to his flock and, to manage and safeguard the Catholic Church. It is in his second capacity, as a manager, that His Eminence has shared his views on Red Tape. I, a humdrum and dull ordinal, who had Red Tape for breakfast, lunch, dinner and dreams, am responding to His Eminence, for, I am troubled: my employment justification has been exposed as a hoax. What worthwhile work had I been doing all these years? My employment, I thought, lay in reciting poetry, now, according to His Eminence, it lay only in murmuring doggerel.

Salawa suffered a heart-rending disaster, the subject of His Eminence’s media statement. It required an immediate response by governmental institutions and their personnel to offer immediate alternative accommodation, food, clothing, give attention to medical needs – especially of children- and provide other humanitarian assistance- the first stage. They, Caesar’s minions, were immediately on-sign and worked unbelievable hours, in an environment of uncertainty. There would have been small road blocks: these were overcome. Caesars minions did not issue media statements or draw attention to themselves. His Eminence’s cryptic statement admitted that, “urgent assistance, in the form of food and drink were supplied to them (those affected)”. While Caesar’s minions do not expect bouquets, it would not have gone amiss, if His Eminence had referred more expansively to their committed efforts.

The body of the statement of His Eminence, deals with failures of the second stage- i.e. after immediate relief was provided in the first stage, that of an alleged non-taking of necessary actions, to speedily ensure resettlement, rehabilitation and placing the affected population back to positions they enjoyed prior to the disaster. The public servants accused of this tardiness, were the very ones who did such an excellent job at the first stage. Therefore, individual public servants cannot be faulted: it is the system riddled with Red Tape, “official procedures like filling forms, sending them to different offices for approvals procedures, perhaps outlined in rule books”, which are the culprits. His Eminence recommends a bonfire of these rules, “appealing to the President, the Prime Minister, the relevant ministers and officials to waive off procedural snags to urgently help the people to get back to their normal lives”. “Procedures Bungawewa!” is the resounding implication. This seems a populist war cry, verging on anarchy.

His Eminence, with many others in the parallel government of civil society, have been strong advocates of Good Governance. The significant components of Good Governance are accountability, transparency and non-corruption. Accountability is in enumerating and justifying to questioners with documentary evidence of actions which had been taken. It is difficult to imagine how this could be done, if all procedures were to be waived. According to the newspapers, the total cost of “helping the people (of Salawa) to get back to their normal way of life” would be Rs. 1.2 Billion.

If funds of this magnitude are to be splurged, willy-nilly, without documents being kept, justifying expenditure or recording it, would not there be rampant corruption?

The lessons of the tsunami should be learnt; funds were obtained from trusting donors for housing schemes: there are no housing schemes visible. The same goes for the recipients of funds. To get rehabilitation funds, the affected of Salawa need identity: all NICs have been destroyed. To receive funds for the restoration of stock-in-trade, documents are required: all such documents have been destroyed. To receive house restoration funds, deeds are required to prove ownership: all such deeds have been destroyed. It would take time to reconstruct these documents. These documents give certainty: uncertainty, which provides extensive discretion, is the prowling grounds for the corrupt.

The solution is not to indulge in stump approaches, but undertaking painful, systematic searches, to enable accountable, transparent and non-corrupt decision making to take place. Public servants have shown themselves to be imbued with social concern, as seen in their response to disaster at the first stage. There can be little doubt about theirs, for the second stage. If His Eminence’s recommendations about abolishing procedures were accepted, public servants could look forward to attentions by CIABOC and FCID, and having a tryst with State remand houses.

His Eminence concludes the media statement with a request “a top level discussion be held with the representatives of the affected people”. He has not offered a suggested list of participants for this discussion, an agenda, possible objectives for the meeting, nor has he appended a list of expected outputs on which the discussion could focus. The suggested discussion, while detracting from the current work of rehabilitation, could only add another circle of confusion.

Jolly Somasundram

Procedures, bungawewa!  by Jolly Somasundram-The Island Further advise …….

July 18th, 2016

Sarath Obeysekera

“In a statement issued by His Eminence Malcolm Cardinal Ranjith, on delays in the rehabilitation of those who suffered from the explosion of ordnance at Salawa. The statement “urged government to waive red tape”, to get the job done. “

Very often you see politicians invite Buddhist priests to their meetings. During the addressing of the public they tend to call the Buddhist Monks who sit in the front row “Ape Hamduruwane” for some reason.

Sirimawo,JR ,Chandrika and Premadasa hardly used above two words in  meetings ,neither the Non Buddhist politicians .Politicians and the members of the previous ruling family are the ones who started using these words and  they should have listened to the Buddhist Priests like the days of Sinhala Kings.

Politicians use “ape hamuduruwane” during the their speeches ,but hardly listened to them. I have not heard any Catholic Politician who has  addressed the public in a  political meeting with words “Ape Father” ,because catholic priests  hardly attend political meetings or make public statements.

For his Eminence to talk about Salawa tragedy  ,where His Eminence asking government to get rid of the red tape and get the job done ,there may a good reason for the government to listen to him .

Prominent Buddhist priest like Ven Maduluwawe Sobhita is no more to advise the politicians ,except the High Priest of Kandy ,(who  is visited by every politician now and then with a big tray of fruits and Ataprirkara ) but we never heard of any such advice from Venerable Chief Priest to get rid of the red tape !

I am not a high priest but my advice to the state apparatchik is “get rid of the red tape” and get the job done not only in Salawa.but also in Aranayake and Meethotamulle .

I have written several times about cutting red tape and get the job done and elaborated the dangers as the writer says “ If His Eminence’s recommendations about abolishing procedures were accepted, public servants could look forward to attentions by CIABOC and FCID, and having a tryst with State remand houses.”

We all know that FCID and CIABOS are two state organizations  trying to catch the thieves ( “ who keep saying catch me if you can “ ) and yet we do not see any tangible results in locking the thieves up . ( may be they are also following too much of the red tape !)

We cannot blame the public servants who may try to cut red tape and help the public ( not the politicians to fill their pockets )  unless the officers who are being questioned by law enforcement agencies  come out and say “ I did what I was told by the Minister  and point the figure at the culprit  ,then people will believe in CIABOS and FCID  .and also His Eminence .

Sarath Obeysekera

Don’t blame only me for foreign debt burden – MR

July 18th, 2016

Don’t blame only me for foreign debt burden – MR

අපිත් පරණ ආණ්ඩුවල ණය ගෙව්වා… අද ණය ගෙවාගන්න බැරිව මට බණිනවා… හිටපු ජනපති මහින්ද රාජපක්ෂ කියයි.

Expect power cuts,50% hike in cost of electricity – Engineers Delay in construction of Sampur coal power plant

July 18th, 2016

The Institution of Engineers, Sri Lanka (IESL) has warned of dire consequences unless the construction of the Indian funded Sampur coal-fired power project is commenced immediately.

The IESL says that unless tangible measures are taken to enhance power generation capacity and procurement of power from private wind and solar developers was carried out strictly on a competitive basis, the cost of electricity production will increase by about 50%.

The IESL has warned of blackouts by 2018 for want of accelerated power generation projects.

IESL CEO/Executive Secretary Dr. Jagath Peiris has sent The Island the following statement based on prognostications made at a recent seminar on power generation options and a reliable and an economical power supply: “The IESL is the premier engineering institution in the country involved in promoting and advancing the science and practice of engineering. The Power and Energy committee of IESL recently organised a seminar on “Generation Options – Sri Lanka for a Reliable and an Economical Power Supply” at the Wimalasurendra Auditorium of the Institution.

“A large number of eminent engineers who are well experienced in planning and operation of power systems made several presentations at this well attended seminar.

It highlighted the fact that immediate action was necessary to expedite the implementation of the Coal Power project in Sampur. The country is in danger of going back to the era of power cuts coupled with higher prices of electricity. The growth in electricity sales has recovered from the low 1% in 2013 to reach 7% in 2015; growth indications for 2016 are even higher. In this backdrop, it is concerned that currently there are no major power plants being built, to meet the growing demand. It was revealed that the 500 MW Sampur coal power plant, which is vital to meet the growing demand has been suspended. This project should have been completed in 2016, but has already been delayed for various reasons and then targeted for completion in 2020.

The summary decision by the Government to change its fuel to LNG, can cause inevitable delays. This change would result in the carrying out of fresh feasibility studies, preparation of bankable project documents, obtaining necessary approval and re-negotiating agreements. Change of fuel to LNG would cause electricity production costs to increase by 40-50%. This is the reality. The delay of the Sampur coal power plant is already dragging the country to a power crisis, possible blackouts and heavy costs of electricity to follow. This would result in the loss of confidence among investors leading to economic paralysis of the country.

It was also observed that the competitive bidding round for two wind power plants, scheduled to close in April 2016, has been repeatedly extended and now effectively suspended owing to the Government intervention, with no plausible reason given. With the investor confidence shattered, that move undermines the competitive processes to purchase electricity, established by the Electricity Act. Sri Lanka reportedly pays a very high price for electricity produced from wind power plants developed by the private sector. For solar power too, Sri Lanka pays a very high price of Rs.23.00 per unit. Recent reductions in prices of both wind and solar equipment internationally, availability of sites with better wind regimes, and the favourable terms of investment, would enable wind and solar power to be produced up to 50% below the prices paid at present. Price discovery can only be achieved through competitive bidding.

Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) prices have recently declined, owing to a surplus in production and the depressed oil prices, to which most LNG contracts are linked. Recent contracts to supply LNG have been reported to be as low as 8.5 USD/million BTU. This is considered to be a temporary phenomenon. The Power sector Engineers call upon the Government to carefully scrutinize historic prices and pricing formula. and forecast quantities required, through expert studies, before rushing into conclusions to build large LNG terminals. Such terminals require significant investments exceeding USD 500 million. In any case, they should be located where prospective customers for gas are already present. Such large investments cannot be made in haste, and will require 5-8 years to study, design, secure approvals, finance and build. In any case, it would not relieve Sri Lanka from the grave power crisis expected by 2018.

The process of making decisions on power plants, and the responsibility to build such capacity on time, legally remains with the CEB, the Transmission Licensee under the Act, subject to approval by the Public Utilities Commission of Sri Lanka (PUCSL). PUCSL is responsible to ensure that the Transmission Licensee adheres to least cost principles and competitive bidding requirements stipulated in the Electricity Act.

The Engineers call upon the Government to follow the procedures laid down in the Electricity Act and reiterate the need to commence the construction of the Sampur coal power plant without further delay. Procurement of power from private wind and solar developers should be carried out strictly on a competitive basis. It is predicted that the cost of electricity production would otherwise increase by about 50%. With Sri Lanka’s electricity prices being already high compared with other countries in the region, any further price increases resulting from higher production costs, will have a crippling effect on the economy and the people.”

China’s plan to cut meat consumption by 50% cheered by climate campaigners

July 18th, 2016

Courtesy The Guardian (UK)

New dietary guidelines could reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 1bn tonnes by 2030, and could lessen country’s problems with obesity and diabetes.

The Chinese government has outlined a plan to reduce its citizens’ meat consumption by 50%, in a move that climate campaigners hope will provide major heft in the effort to avoid runaway global warming.

New dietary guidelines drawn up by China’s health ministry recommend that the nation’s 1.3 billion population should consume between 40g to 75g of meat per person each day. The measures, released once every 10 years, are designed to improve public health but could also provide a significant cut to greenhouse gas emissions.

The Chinese Communist party has found unusual allies among Hollywood celebrities, with actor Arnold Schwarzenegger and director James Cameron involved in a series of new public information adverts encouraging Chinese people to consume less animal flesh to help the environment.

Should the new guidelines be followed, carbon dioxide equivalent emissions from China’s livestock industry would be reduced by 1bn tonnes by 2030, from a projected 1.8bn tonnes in that year.

Globally, 14.5% of planet-warming emissions emanate from the keeping and eating of cows, chickens, pigs and other animals – more than the emissions from the entire transport sector. Livestock emit methane, a highly potent greenhouse gas, while land clearing and fertilizers release large quantities of carbon.

“Through this kind of lifestyle change, it is expected that the livestock industry will transform and carbon emissions will be reduced,” said Li Junfeng, director general of China’s National Center on Climate Change Strategy and International Cooperation.

“Tackling climate change involves scientific judgement, political decisions, entrepreneurial support, but at last, it still relies on involvement of the general public to change the consumption behavior in China. Every single one of us has to believe in the low-carbon concept and slowly adapt to it.”

Meat has gone from rare treat to a regular staple for many Chinese people. In 1982, the average Chinese person ate just 13kg of meat a year and beef was nicknamed “millionaire’s meat” due to its scarcity.

The emergence of China as a global economic power has radically altered the diets of a newly wealthy population. The average Chinese person now eats 63kg of meat a year, with a further 30kg of meat per person expected to be added by 2030 if nothing is done to disrupt this trend. The new guidelines would reduce this to 14kg to 27kg a year.

China now consumes 28% of the world’s meat, including half of its pork. However, China still lags behind more than a dozen other countries in per capita meat consumption, with the average American or Australian consuming twice as much meat per person compared to China.

According to a new report by WildAid, the predicted increase in China’s meat consumption would add an extra 233m tonnes of greenhouse gases to the atmosphere each year, as well as put increased strain on the country’s water supply, which is already blighted by polluted and denuded rivers and groundwater.

The report warns that unchecked Chinese meat consumption will also degrade its arable land and worsen the country’s problems with obesity and diabetes. An estimated 100 million Chinese people have diabetes, more than any other country.

Research released by the thinktank Chatham House in 2014 forecast that China alone is expected to eat 20m tonnes more of meat and dairy a year by 2020 and warned that “dietary change is essential” if global warming is to not exceed the 2C limit eventually imposed at the climate accord in Paris last year.

A separate report by scientists at the Oxford Martin School this year found that the widespread adoption of vegetarianism around the world could bring down greenhouse gas emissions by nearly two-thirds.

“China’s move to cut meat consumption in half would not only have a huge impact on public health, it is a massive leadership step towards drastically reducing carbon emissions and reaching the goals set out in the Paris agreement,” said James Cameron.

“Animal agriculture emits more than all transportation combined. Reducing demand for animal-based foods is essential if we are to limit global warming to 2C as agreed at COP21.”

Despite the Chinese government’s new commitment to reducing meat consumption, it may be difficult to convince the country’s rising middle classes to cut down. There are also strong cultural traditions attached to the eating of many animals, especially pigs. The Chinese character for “home” depicts a pig underneath the roof of a house.

Recently, Chinese companies have been buying farms in the United States and Australia to provide feed for the country’s dairy and beef industries.
In late 2013 a Chinese company, Shenghui, purchased the largest US pork producer, Smithfield Foods, to help keep up with demand.
“China’s consumption of meat is skyrocketing,” said Jeremy Haft, an adjunct professor at Georgetown University in Washington, DC and author of a 2015 book, “Unmade in China: The Hidden Truth about China’s Economic Miracle.”
“China’s demand for meat will continue to grow and support hundreds of thousands of jobs in the US meat industry,” he added. “From a climate perspective, the methane will still be created, but will be shifted to the United States.”

UN PARTY, ITS LOVE TO LINGAMS, AND THE ROYAL COLLEGE EXITS

July 17th, 2016

Kanthar Balanathan   Australia DipEE (UK), GradCert (RelEng-Monash), DipBus&Adm (Finance-Massey), CEng. MIEE

Since independence, it was certain that Tamils settled outside of N&E, always voted for the United National Party (UNP) candidates. It is also noted that Ranil Wickremasinghe always have a soft corner for old boys of Royal College, Colombo for political appointments, and serious gaffes, for unknown acumen. Further, members of the UNP also, always have a love to appoint Tamils for top jobs (civil service) as advisers, irrespective of their competence and fit to function. It would be proper to understand at this point that Royal College does not run degree (BA, BSc) programs. All exits are either “A” level, or “O” level having failed “A” level.

This generates an ill feeling to the common mass that the GOSL governed by UNP, disrespects all other colleges in SriLanka. May be Royal College exits could be dragged into work of irregularity, asymmetry to make the, “exits”, scape goats. These Tamil seniors may be unaware of the intentions of the UNP, however, the income, perks, and the living standard drives them to accept. They are also given the authority to exit SL anytime, anyway, if the intend to do so.

When appointed to top jobs, it’s the authority and power embraced to their position makes others to respect them, and not because of their intelligence, competence or the IQ they possess.

During late Premadasa’s time, late Mr. Athulathmudali stated:

Quote: “It was Lalith Athulathmudali who said Sri Lanka was ruled by 3 P’s namely, Premadasa, Paskaralingham (Paski) and Prabakaran. Premadasa’s inability to deal with numbers and finance resulted in the nation’s coffers being entrusted to one man”. On Premadasa’s assassination by LTTE, why did Premadasa’s close ally flee from the country within hours of his death? What fear made him run then?

(Ref: https://groups.google.com/forum/m/#!msg/soc.culture.canada/e9c-ioB1ZIo/KDOXVgpmmO4J)

Paskaralingham had been an advisor to more than one executive head of GOSL. If we carefully analyse the failures occurred in SL in the areas of economic policy, social policy, trade policy, security etc., did Paski give the minister(s) quality guidance? Was Paski’s work on advice, qualitative and quantitative or nothing, which led the country to failure? Did Paski offer any advice, on Microeconomics, Macroeconomics, Fiscal Policy, or Structural transformation?

An old norm in SL is that a civil servant is considered competent and efficient only if they know the “AR” and “FR”, which are the Administrative Regulation and the Financial Regulation. However, the Clerical service staff are also expected to know the AR & FR.

With respect to civil servants of Paski’s calibre in SL; citizens, academics and Professors may ask as follows: What is Paskaralingam’s personal attributes?

What is the bandwidth of the measures, “Expertise” that Paskaralingham possess?  Is Paskaralingham a person with the measures “”Expertise + Reliability + Flexibility = Capability“. One can have enormous amount of capability, if the person has wider bandwidth of Expertise, flexibility, and reliability. Is he a person with multiskilling personality? Does he accept the practical concept; “Change is a constant”. Did RP face challenging and changing situations in his career, and how did he solve them? As engineers, we have accepted and adapted to changes in functions and multiskilling and performed tasks with success. These reflect new methods and materials.

How innovative/Creative was/is RP? Is he a lateral thinker, and did demonstrate in his tactical and strategic work during his career? Any new methods and solutions?

Did RP demonstrate methodical and organised in his work? Prior to commencing any project a methodology has to be set in place, with completed “risk assessment”. One can only prove by work that he is methodical and organised.

Initiative is a self-starting quality of a person/professional. Proactive is an added value to a self-starter. A professional, being a civil servant, has to take lots of initiative to create new methods, rather wasting time in accepting orders from politicians. We are talking a country’s economic stability and growth here. A person must be a “trouble shooter” than a “trouble maker”.

Leadership: I believe that behavioural pattern inflicts upon leadership quality. Good listening skills and respecting others views is a prerequisite for leadership. Does Paski have good moral leadership?

Decisive: Being in an advisory capacity senior civil servants have to take decisions based on their judgement criteria, which however, should not deter politician’s policy, however, shall not put the country to risk.

Analytical Skills:  A person has to have high quality analytical skills to solve problems. Statistical and Reliability analysis is required for economic studies. Was any of his Analytical skills help solve the economic condition in SL?

Eagerness to Learn and Teach Others: Civil servants should be eager to learn modern science and art and teach others to maintain quality output from his/her department. Did Paski have this attribute or was he a pencil pusher?

Self-Discipline is another criteria Civil servants and politicians should possess. Staff should be added value to the organisation not a liability, and shall be a role model for the young ones.

Media reports that RP exploited the use of the facility given to him by the Minister(s). E.g. Paski was the Secretary in the Financial Ministry under the Premadasa regime, and was known to be Premadasa’s right hand man. The impression was that Paski ran out of the country to avoid prosecution. Paski was in self-exile for eight years and has returned to SL playing a key behind-the-scenes role in the current regime as advisor to Prime Minister Ranil Wickremasinghe. Paski is known to be a soft-spoken bureaucrat and lives at the Gala Dari Hotel under a different name. Paski agreed and gave a rare interview. Ref: http://www.sundaytimes.lk/020414/bus/5.html.

With Paski’s family living in the UK, will Paski be able to discharge his oath of allegiance to SL? Paski states that he is living in a hotel until he gets his residence. If Paski was an intellectual and had expertise, then he should have been able to get a job with the UK government.

What was Paski doing in the UK? Why cannot Paski live with his family in SL and lead a good life like that of the others?

An interview with the Sunday Times in 2002: Ref: http://www.sundaytimes.lk/020414/

Q; But your role right now is being seen as a kind of ‘super-bureaucrat’ where you sometimes even exceed the authority of the line officials. In that context you’re playing a very influential role.

A; No. It is not correct to call it the role of a ‘super-bureaucrat’. It is purely an advisory and a co-ordinating role. It is true that having been in the public service almost all the secretaries and the officials have worked with me in the past and that is a big help because I can count on their co-operation.

This was during Ranil’s time in 2002. If he was that effective and efficient, why was he not able to advise the PM on the Bond Scam in 2015?

PM organised two days conference Sri Lanka Economic Forum” conference on the 7th and 8th January 2016 with international experts. Does Paski think that he is in no ability to recommend a local conference to the PM, being his pal? In this context, I strongly recommend Paski to read my letter to Professor Ricardo Hausmann. Ref: http://nrnmind.blogspot.com.au/.

To bring the debt details of SL into open, the Bonds (CB) issued in 2015 & 2016, totals to, 362.299 Billion (Rs). Of these bonds the 10.058 Billion (Rs) was exposed because of a scam of interest rates being adjusted, and the funds accrued was drawn into the UNP coffers unofficially. As an expert. “Paski”, could not identify the risk he is exposing the country, further the country may be put to sale in 30 years’ time. Well, Paski may pass the monkey to others, however, the so well paid, well settled in a hotel, with security (may be), and everything on people’s money, working for the PM, was unable ID the risks the country is facing; it’s a joke!

ISIN Series                 Issue Date       Maturity Date             Outstanding Qty. (Rs.)

2025A                          15/03/2015      15/03/2025                  82,147,000,000.00

2025A                          01/08/2015      01/08/2025                  69,542,000,000.00

2030A                          15/05/2015      15/05/2030                  96,102,000,000.00

2035A                          15/03/2015      15/03/2035                  74,565,000,000.00

2041A                          01/01/2016      01/01/2041                  29,885,000,000.00

2045A                          01/03/2015      01/03/2045                  10,058,000,000.00

                                                            Total                            362,299,000,000.00   

Paski should explain to the people how GOSL considers paying off the Bond funds of 366+ Billions.

 

To read more about Paski, please visit:

  1. http://www.mnpea.gov.lk/web/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=46&Itemid=161&lang=en
  2. http://www.lankaweb.com/news/items/2015/07/28/paskaralingam-rejoicing-with-tamil-tiger-ltte-activists-in-australia-and-new-zealand/
  1. http://www.ceylontoday.lk/51-88797-news-detail-paskaralingam-is-the-finance-minister-dlf-demands-that-pm-vacate-office-until-arjuna-mahendran-is-cleared.html           http://www.island.lk/index.php?page_cat=article-details&page=article-details&code_title=119588 
  2. http://www.sinhalanet.net/pro-ltte-paskaralingam-is-ranils-advisor    –
  3. http://www.lankaweb.com/news/items/https://groups.google.com/forum/m/#!msg/soc.culture.canada/e9c-ioB1ZIo/KDOXVgpmmO4J         

It is highly recommended that Paski goes back and discharges his oath of allegiance to UK & USA from UK. May be Paski should forget about SL as he is may be considered a failure as PM’s advisor. The country is put to a poor economic state expecting ETCA will solve, which is considered a fake.

It is requested that our Executive President, HE Mr Maithripala Sirisena should order investigation of Paski’s work and make a decision of removing Paski from GOSL’s functions, as he may pose risk to the country.

Lord Naseby accuses UK, US of double standards over Sri Lanka

July 17th, 2016

Editorial

The ever outspoken House of Lords peer Lord Naseby who always maintains his sense of  fair judgement and perception has spoken out on behalf of Sri Lankaa as the Island Nation continues to maintain her right to handle her own affairs without interference from foreign powers seemingly with their own agendas.

In his recent satement  to the  British and global media he has  indicated this by his outspoken stand as always that it is unfair to include foreign judges to probe alleged war crimes where he has pointed to the double standard where the UK specifically uses its own judges to inquire into the iraqui invasion which has differences of opinion about its justification and legality globally.

The specifics of his statementy certainly has fruition in favour of Sri Lanka and highlights  the vagaries of Britain’s bourgeoisie attitude towars Sri Lanka long after Independence and conveys a statement to the world that Britain’s actions are not always kosher when it comes Sri Lankan matters almost to an eyebrow raising degree.

lordNaseby

Them full statement is as follows:-
Speaking at the House of Lords on the Chilcot report on the invasion of Iraq by the British government and the then British Prime Minister, Tony Blair, Lord Naseby said that he was surprised to see the GreeK and US governments endorsing the recommendation of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights to include foreign judges in the Sri Lanka war crimes panel, which is against the Geneva Convention.
Continuing, he said: “I supported the action that was taken in going to war against Iraq. I did it because of the environment at the time. We forget too easily what the environment was: 9/11, other atrocities against the United States, considerable evidence of chemical warfare and of provisions for chemical warfare and the evidence that was given to Parliament.

“There is no way that Tony Blair is a war criminal or that he is guilty of war crimes. The action he took as Prime Minister was taken in the interests of our country. ?He was the democratically elected leader of our country, not a dictator. This maxim about democratically elected leaders must apply all over the world as far as leadership is concerned.

“Others have commented on military equipment. Whatever one says, it was an absolute shambles and a total disgrace. Post-war planning was poor. Post-Brexit planning is poor. That lies with the Prime Minister of the day and his Cabinet.

“Have we learned the lessons, or have we had to wait for Chilcot to learn them? As far as I can see, we have not. Why did we go into Libya? It is not at all clear to me. Why did we try to force democracy on Egypt? We must have known that the Muslim Brotherhood had been trying since 1921 to get “democratically elected”. We supported elections there and what happened? It got elected, and then we discovered that it is almost as bad as Daesh, and the army in Egypt moved in again.

“Why did we not think twice about Syria? Why did those of us who know a little about that part of the world not realise that it is the fourth Sunni/Shia war. The only thing that is slightly different is that there are far more western-educated people on one side. That war had no real implications for the West. Why did we not check who the people supporting the new democracy in Syria were? Surely we should have been able to discover that the vast majority of them are jihadists.

“I urge my noble friends on the Front Bench to get a proper communications strategy and action plan geared solely against Daesh and to work with Assad to implement it. If that does not happen, we shall once again be in terrible turmoil.

“Action Aid and Christian Aid are right to raise the problem of the 3 million people—at least 3 million refugees, poor souls—with nowhere to live and no livelihood, wondering day after day what is going to happen to them. Have we in the West really got an action plan to deal with that? If we have, I hope that somebody is going to deploy it so that we can discuss it.

“This may surprise most though not all of your Lordships but I need to relate Chilcot to the situation in Sri Lanka today. A press release on 7 June from our High Commission in Colombo after the visit of no less a person than the head of the British Diplomatic Service, Sir Simon McDonald, concludes:

“The UK will continue its program of support for Sri Lanka to help the government fulfill its goals on reconciliation, human rights and strengthening democracy”.

“That is fine, but there is a parallel with Iraq where the UK was, in effect, tackling terrorism in the form of weapons of mass destruction. A battle is undertaken.?

The Chilcot inquiry’s assessment was undertaken by British judges and members of the Privy Council. No foreign judges were called in to do this assessment. We see how well it has been done. In Sri Lanka, there was a war against the terrorists, the Tamil Tigers. However, instead of its being assessed against the Geneva convention, to which I have just referred, the UK and US Governments have endorsed investigation by the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights with the addition of foreign judges.

“This is wrong and misconceived. After all, there is a reasonable number of fair-minded judges across the ethnic groups who could undertake the task of judging what happened against the principles of the Geneva convention.

“If the UK Government really want to help, they should release the full text of the dispatches of our military attaché there during the war, Lieutenant-Colonel Gash, containing his independent observations. The Ministers here will know that for two years I have been trying to obtain these under the Freedom of Information Act. However, so far I have received some 30 pages of those dispatches, provided reluctantly, some very heavily redacted.

“As I go to the next stage of the tribunal, I find the Foreign Office hiding behind policy that releasing these dispatches might undermine relationships with other countries such as Saudi Arabia, which is hardly a democracy. I ask the Foreign Office to reflect carefully on the full implications of Chilcot, namely that we should treat each situation separately and recognise that the truth will get out. It is better to publish evidence that is available than to hide it.

“If in future we, as a country, follow that in any engagements that we may have, we shall be a country that can be proud of what we achieve democratically. Parliament owes a huge debt to Chilcot for what he has done. It must be for Parliament to decide how to take it forward”.

Lord Naseby Speaks Out In The House Of Lord  Providing a Moral Booster For Sri Lanka Over “War Crimes” Issue

July 17th, 2016

Indisgt By Sunil Kumar

July 17, 2016, 

Highly Respected  House of Lords Peer Lord Naseby  has said it was unfair to demand the Sri Lanka government to have foreign judges to investigate alleged war crimes, while the United Kingdom was using its own judges to inquire into the Iraqi invasion by the British government.

Perhaps in conventional wisdom as well as in hindsight this statement has come at an opportune time for Sri Lanka as the country faces a multi faceted ongoing call for a war crimes probe where the so called war  crimes in question are defined by the enemies of the state including supportives of the extinct Tamil Tigers and the global Tamil diaspora or parts thereof continuing to hound the nation over an issue which is a non issue where the main focus should be about a democratic Sovereign Nation defending its sovereignity and territirial integrity from being overrun by indiscriminate and ruthless terrorists and not the pathetic wailing of the diaspora who seem to think that only the Tamils have been incarcerated whereas there have been an equal number or more of the majority Sinhalese who have suffered at the hands of the Tamil Tiger terrorists and their conniving allies  and are truly deserving of the title war criminals.

It also confounds British attitudes towards Sri Lanka where in recent times together with  certain other world powers in a similar objectives, that of simply denigrating without viable legal justification where none of the accusations will justifiably stand up in a word court scenario and the wisdom of Lord Naseby pierces the transparency of the British and US vision over the matter as one carrying little or no weight towards justification.

Media Quote:-(With all respect and kudos to Lord Naseby for his insight where the official British response as well as those who support it in favour probably belongs in the trash bin! while laying our judiciously as well as fairly  the realities related)

” Speaking at the House of Lords on the Chilcot report on the invasion of Iraq by the British government and the then British Prime Minister, Tony Blair, Lord Naseby said that he was surprised to see the UK and US governments endorsing the recommendation of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights to include foreign judges in the Sri Lanka war crimes panel, which is against the Geneva Convention.

Continuing, he said: “I supported the action that was taken in going to war against Iraq. I did it because of the environment at the time. We forget too easily what the environment was: 9/11, other atrocities against the United States, considerable evidence of chemical warfare and of provisions for chemical warfare and the evidence that was given to Parliament.

“There is no way that Tony Blair is a war criminal or that he is guilty of war crimes. The action he took as Prime Minister was taken in the interests of our country. ?He was the democratically elected leader of our country, not a dictator. This maxim about democratically elected leaders must apply all over the world as far as leadership is concerned.

“Others have commented on military equipment. Whatever one says, it was an absolute shambles and a total disgrace. Post-war planning was poor. Post-Brexit planning is poor. That lies with the Prime Minister of the day and his Cabinet.

“Have we learned the lessons, or have we had to wait for Chilcot to learn them? As far as I can see, we have not. Why did we go into Libya? It is not at all clear to me. Why did we try to force democracy on Egypt? We must have known that the Muslim Brotherhood had been trying since 1921 to get “democratically elected”. We supported elections there and what happened? It got elected, and then we discovered that it is almost as bad as Daesh, and the army in Egypt moved in again.

“Why did we not think twice about Syria? Why did those of us who know a little about that part of the world not realise that it is the fourth Sunni/Shia war. The only thing that is slightly different is that there are far more western-educated people on one side. That war had no real implications for the West. Why did we not check who the people supporting the new democracy in Syria were? Surely we should have been able to discover that the vast majority of them are jihadists.

“I urge my noble friends on the Front Bench to get a proper communications strategy and action plan geared solely against Daesh and to work with Assad to implement it. If that does not happen, we shall once again be in terrible turmoil.

“Action Aid and Christian Aid are right to raise the problem of the 3 million people—at least 3 million refugees, poor souls—with nowhere to live and no livelihood, wondering day after day what is going to happen to them. Have we in the West really got an action plan to deal with that? If we have, I hope that somebody is going to deploy it so that we can discuss it.

“This may surprise most though not all of your Lordships but I need to relate Chilcot to the situation in Sri Lanka today. A press release on 7 June from our High Commission in Colombo after the visit of no less a person than the head of the British Diplomatic Service, Sir Simon McDonald, concludes:

“The UK will continue its program of support for Sri Lanka to help the government fulfill its goals on reconciliation, human rights and strengthening democracy”.

“That is fine, but there is a parallel with Iraq where the UK was, in effect, tackling terrorism in the form of weapons of mass destruction. A battle is undertaken.?

The Chilcot inquiry’s assessment was undertaken by British judges and members of the Privy Council. No foreign judges were called in to do this assessment. We see how well it has been done. In Sri Lanka, there was a war against the terrorists, the Tamil Tigers. However, instead of its being assessed against the Geneva convention, to which I have just referred, the UK and US Governments have endorsed investigation by the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights with the addition of foreign judges.

“This is wrong and misconceived. After all, there is a reasonable number of fair-minded judges across the ethnic groups who could undertake the task of judging what happened against the principles of the Geneva convention.

“If the UK Government really want to help, they should release the full text of the dispatches of our military attaché there during the war, Lieutenant-Colonel Gash, containing his independent observations. The Ministers here will know that for two years I have been trying to obtain these under the Freedom of Information Act. However, so far I have received some 30 pages of those dispatches, provided reluctantly, some very heavily redacted.

“As I go to the next stage of the tribunal, I find the Foreign Office hiding behind policy that releasing these dispatches might undermine relationships with other countries such as Saudi Arabia, which is hardly a democracy. I ask the Foreign Office to reflect carefully on the full implications of Chilcot, namely that we should treat each situation separately and recognise that the truth will get out. It is better to publish evidence that is available than to hide it.

“If in future we, as a country, follow that in any engagements that we may have, we shall be a country that can be proud of what we achieve democratically. Parliament owes a huge debt to Chilcot for what he has done. It must be for Parliament to decide how to take it forward” End Quote.

How the govt smashed up the 1980 general strike – Over 40,000 strikers lost their jobs 36 years ago

July 17th, 2016

By Dharman Wickremarathne

July 15 marked 36 years since the great general strike of 1980 when 40,356 public and private sector employees lost their jobs for the first time in the history of Sri Lanka.The United National Party which contested the general election of July 22, 1977 under the slogan “Let’s Create a Righteous Society” won 140 out of 168 parliamentary seats. It was a landslide victory which reduced the number of SLFP seats to seven; later increased to eight when independent MP for Harispattuwa Wijesiri joined the party. The Tamil United Liberation Front which promised a Tamil Eelam state succeeded in winning 18 seats. On October 4, 1977, Prime Minister J.R. Jayewardene got parliamentary approval for the second amendment to the Constitution by a two-third majority.

Unable to bear rising prices during this time the working class demanded a monthly wage increase of Rs.300 (Rs.10 per day) and a allowance of Rs.5 every rising cost-of-living index. Although the Government decided to reduce the number of public holidays, trade union opposition led the rulers to rescind it. Using majority parliamentary power, the Government resorted to suppressing Opposition political parties and trade unions.

dharman170716A1Somapala’s funeral procession (above) and police riots squads during the June 5 lunch hour picket (below)

In order to deal with this situation, the Trade Unions Working Committee held a national congress with the participation of 1024 trade unionists representing all spheres at the Sugathadasa Stadium, Colombo on March 8 and 9, 1980. There it was decided that a national protest campaign should be launched during the lunch hour on June 5, 1980 to win their demands including the monthly wage increase of Rs.300. In response to this the UNP trade union, Jaathika Sevaka Sangamaya and the unions affiliated to the pro-UNP Government Services National Trade Union Federation declared June 5, 1980, a day of solidarity with the Government.

On the same day, nearly 400,000 state and private sector employees staged pickets, demonstrations, protests and meetings opposite their workplaces. There was widespread support for this and the protesters were in a militant mood. At the same time pro-government trade unions staged meetings to support the ruling party.

Two armed gangs which emerged from the direction of the Government Supplies Department at Chittampalam Gardiner Mawatha, and Lake House started attacking the protesters with stones. They also threw a bomb killing a trade union member D. Somapala who was a Supplies Department Employee.

Assistant Superintendent of Police, Colombo Fort area, N.I. Ratnayake in his report on the incident submitted to IGP Ana Seneviratne, stated: “There were over 100 demonstrators opposite the Government Supplies Department on June 5 at 12.45 p.m. At this time a group in jeep No.31 Sri 1111 which came from the direction of Slave Island started throwing sticks and stones at those who were picketing. Then there was a sound of an explosion. Six injured persons were hospitalized. Agalawatte MP Merril Kariyawasam was seen seated on the front seat of the jeep which moved away from the scene before going past Lake House. One person died in the incident. “Nine years later, in September 1989, during the second JVP insurgency, the Deshapremi Janatha Vyaparaya (Patriotic People’s Movement) assassinated Merril Kariyawasam as “punishment” for causing Somapala’s death, according to DJV’s radio channel ‘Ranahanda’ (militant voice).

dharman170716A2Commemorative rally for winning the demands of the July strikers.

Somapala’s death shocked the working class. He was the 13th to be killed in such a manner after the deaths of plantation worker Govindan during the Muloya strike on January 19, 1940 and Velupillali Kandasamy, Government Clerical Services Union (GCSU) member killed during a strike on June 5, 1947. The other 11 died during the Hartal of 1953.

Somapala, a father of two, who resided at Narahenpita, died as a result of injuries to the heart, lungs and ribs, according to the report of Judicial Medical Officer B.M. Kariyawasam and Professor H.J. Fernando. The Coroner decided to hold a magisterial inquiry into Somapala’s death at the request Bala Tampo, Mangala Munasinghe and Peter Jayasekera on behalf of the victim’s family, ignoring the protests of ASP C.P. Jayasuriya.

Since Somapala’s house was too small the body was kept in a neighbouring house. Later it was taken to the Public Service Employees Trade Union headquarters in Fort. The funeral was organized by the United Trade Union Working Committee. Thousands of employees obtained half-day’s leave to pay their last respects to this ordinary worker. Over 50,000 mourners attended his funeral at the General Cemetery, Borella. The writer remembers seeing nearly 100,000 people gathered on either side of the road to watch the funeral procession. (In later years over 100,000 attended the funeral of Thrimavithana and around 50,000 came for Lalith Athulathmudali’s funeral)

An open verdict was delivered after the magisterial inquiry held into Somapala’s death from June 8, to August 28, 1980. According to the verdict he was killed as a result of severe injuries caused by the violent actions of a rival group which came in an illegal procession

dharman170716A3Vasudeva Nanayakkara being taken to be remanded after being taken into custody during a July strikers’ demonstration on August 8, 1980.

Following incidents that occurred during his funeral 12 employees of the Ratmalana Railway Workshop were interdicted on June 12, 1980. Other workshop employees struck work on July 7, 1980 demanding that the interdicted workers be reinstated. The strikers were supported by employees of No. 18,19,26, 36 and 38 workshops. They joined the strike on the morning of July 8, 1980. A total of nearly 8000 had stopped work by July 9, bringing the entire train services to a halt.

The United Trade Union Working Committee met on July 11, 1980 and demanded that a Rs. 300 monthly wage increase be given immediately to public and private sector employees and they be also given a allowance of Rs.5 every rising cost-of-living index and that the interdicted workers be reinstated unconditionally. The working committee also warned that it would launch a country-wide general strike if there is no response from the government to these demands by July 14, 1980. By this time 24,810 railway employees throughout the island had joined the strike. Health sector employees joined the strike on July 15.

The UNP rulers announced that if a general strike was launched the government would consider the strikers as having vacated posts. The Cabinet met on July 16 and on the same night declared an island-wide State of Emergency. Accordingly, railway, CTB, postal, hospital, educational, fuel distribution and port services were declared essential services under Emergency Regulations thereby making the strike illegal. State Ministry secretary Dr. Sarath Amunugama was appointed Competent Authority and a news censorship was imposed with effect from July 18. Opposition newspapers Eththa, Srilaka and Janadina came totally under this censorship and the state-controlled media reported only what was favourable to the Government. Reporting of MPs’ statements on the strike made during Parliamentary debates came under the control of the Parliament’s News Censorship Committee.

dharman170716A4Strikers who lost their jobs at a demonstration demanding relief.

Ignoring the Governemnt’s annuncements, health sector employees on July 15, Government Department and Local Government employees on January 17 and school teachers on July 20 joined the great general strike.

Although the JVP did not officially participate in the strike it requested persons still working to join the strike. After the Lanka Guru Sangamaya (Teachers Union) of which the General Secretary was Rohana Wijeweera’s brother-in-law H.N. Fernando, joined the strike, the Guru Sangamaya split. Bala Tampo’s CMU (Ceylon Mercantile Union) did not join the strike. Earlier too, the CMU avoided participating the banks’ strike which took place during the previous United Front Government.

However, nearly 100,000 employees joined the general strike of July 1980, thus crippling the Government’s administrative functions and daily services. The UNP Government held meetings presided over by President J.R. Jayewardene at Maliban Junction, Ratnapura on July 19, 1980 and opposite Tower Hall, Maradana on July 21 against the general strike. It was at this Maradana meeting the President said that under the prevailing law he had the power to do anything except making a woman a man.
The Government suspended the payment of July salaries to the strikers. All trade union offices in state-owned buildings were closed and sealed. The strikers were given an opportunity to report for work before July 23 under certain conditions. Many were able to get their jobs back claiming that were seriously ill due to various reasons during the strike period.

Prime Minister Ranasinghe Premadasa announced on July 24 that since 40,356 employees did not report for work the Government would consider them as having vacated posts under the regulations. Thereafter UNP MPs obtained 100 job applications per electorate from jobless persons who replaced the 40,356 strikers. Accordingly 8,421 persons registered with the Job Bank were recruited to Government Departments and State Corporations by July 22, 1980. By August all vacancies had been filled on the recommendations of UNP Parliamentarians.

dharman170716A5Amaradivakara who gave leadership to the campaign to win the right of July strikers(Left) and One of the leading July striker W.Vithana attach to the Colombo Nalanda college staff.

On the morning of August 8, 1980 a demonstration with the participation of thousands was held opposite the Fort Railway Station, demanding that the strikers being given their jobs back. Disregarding the emergency regulations the demonstrators began marching towards the President’s House. Near the General Post Office police baton charged the marchers and dispersed the crowd.

Trade Union Leaders Alavi Maulana, Vasudeva Nanayakkara, Gunasena Mahanama, D.I.G. Dharmasekera and Dr.Vikramabahu Karunaratne were arrested and remanded. By August 15, 1980 The State of Emergency was lifted since the UNP Government had succeeded in totally suppressing the July general strike. News Censorship too was lifted.

The July general strike caused 40,356 persons to lose their jobs, causing over 300,000 of their dependants to end up in utter misery. Some strikers who had lost their jobs committed suicide being unable to maintain their families. Family lives were disrupted. Some became mental patients. Children were orphaned. The jobless strikers were forced to vacate the houses where they were living on rent. Hundreds of them became beggars. In 2013 a national newspaper carried the story and photo of a striker begging at Borella.

A few managed to survive by their own effort and with the help of relatives. Others became pavement hawkers, drivers and bus conductors.

In later years, those who campaigned on the July strikers’ behalf were not the trade unions that called for the strike but the July Strikers Combined Orgnisation headed by P. Amaradivakara assisted by Sri Lanka Mahajana Party President the late Ossie Abeygunasekera. MP Vasudeva Nanayakkara has been continuing to appear on behalf of the July strikers to this day, according to the organisation.

As a result of their efforts all July strikers who were employees in Government and Local Government Services were given pension rights with bonuses in 1989. Steps were also taken to provide each of them with a monthly allowance of Rs.5000 for the rest of their lives. The July 1980 General Strike can be considered a decisive moment in the history of Sri Lanka’s Working Class. The biggest lesson it taught them was the importance building trade union organizations independent of political parties.(The writer is a senior journalist who could be reached at ejournalists@gmail.com)

BOI HAS GRANDIOSE PLANS TO ATTRACT FOREIGN INVESTEMENT SANS CLEAR GUIDELINES >> CHIEF VALUER   DECIDES THE VIALBILITY OF INVESTMENTS

July 17th, 2016

 Sarath Obeysekera (A disgusted Investor )

BOI has released a paper in Jun 2016 called  STRUCTURED PROJECT PROPOSALS for investment with  a list of projects available in Sri Lanka for investors to mobilize various amounts of money ranging from 5 million Dollars to 100 million .Crown land in various part of the island is offered to investors to locate the project

For an example, lands in Kalpiitiya.Bentota, Trincomalee, and a Hambantota etc. are offered for investment in Tourism related projects.

It also says that land to be offered on long term basis but the duration is not indicated .It can be 30 years or 99 years .Depending on lease extent investor has to decide viability of the project.

BOI does not say all the facts related to approval process of leasing Crown Land .The need to go to Cabinet Subcommittee for initial approval etc. . . .

Again BOI says that Government Valuer decides the lease value of the land and the investors have no clue what so ever, how the Chief Valuer provides the valuation for the land  .

BOI and Sri Lanka Tourism should get valuations from the Chief Government Valuer and indicate approximate lease value depending the lease period.

Another problem faced by the investor is how long value takes to give the valuation (Valuation Department is so bureaucratic an understaffed and they take over six months to give a valuation)

With the FCID hovering around and breathing on their necks valuers are so careful to give a figure as they are feared that they may be called to clarify.

If the value is high investor will run away and if it low FCID may call him!

In one of the project FCID called even the chartered surveyor who carried out the land survey to testify!!

Investor cannot make a direct request t Government Valuer for a valuation. Request should be made by the State Agency who holds the Crown Land…

Investors have to carry out financial feasibility without knowing the value of the land .In an  area like Kalpitiya there are over 1000 Ha offered with no details of approximate land value and availability of power water etc.

Investor who comes to Sri Lanka will take one year to find out the details and when the BOI approval is granted after registering the company, Investor has to wait until Cabinet approves the project which may take another 6 -12 months .

Recently such proposal initiated by an Investor after spending many years has been turned down by the cabinet.

BOI should obtain valuation from the Government Valuer and publicize the figures beforehand and also indicate the time taken from initiation of the project to commencement of construction

We had bitter experience when we wanted to invest in a tourism related project in Galle Harbour

It took one years to submit the cabinet paper after SCARC approval and, another one year to carry out Environment Impact Assessment

Another six months to get Attorney Generals’ approval to sign the lease agreement. !

It took three years to sign the agreement and the Investor bolted away after signing complaining about the bureaucracy .Now we are trying to revive the project with another investor for the last six months and future is bleak.

There is no meaning to have Megapolis, BOI, and Sri Lanka Tourism, Centre for Strategic development etc. unless government clears all the obstacles detailed above.

First of all Government Chief Valuer position should be abolished and a Special Agency with a mandate from the Cabinet should be appointed to provide valuations for the lands depending on the amount of investment and the other tangible benefits like providing employment, amount of foreign currency to be earned within the project period, and the carbon foot print of the project.

Sarath Obeysekera

(A disgusted Investor )

මේ ඉතිහාසය යලි ලියවෙන වගද…

July 17th, 2016

තේජා ගොඩකන්දෙආරච්චි

යාපනය විශ්ව විද්‍යාලයේ සිංහල සිසුන්ට පහර දීම පිලිබඳව විවිධ අදහස් හා මතවාද සමාජ වෙබ් අඩවි ඔස්සේ ප්‍රචාරය වී තිබුනි. ඒ පහරදීමට මුල් වූ හේතුව ලෙස දක්වා තිබුනේ විශ්ව විද්‍යාලයේ නවක සිසුන් පිලිගැනීමේ උත්සවයට උඩරට නැටුම් කණ්ඩායමක් රැගෙන ඒම පිලිබඳව දෙමළ සිසුන් කෝපයට පත් වූ නිසා බවයි. මේ සිද්ධිය මගින් මීට සමාන වූ අතීත මතකයක් යලි සිහිපත් විය.

1976 දී මගේ ලොකු අක්කාට යාපනය විශ්ව විද්‍යාලයේ විද්‍යා පීඨයට ඇතුලු වීමට වරම් ලැබිනි. ඒ කාලයේදී තිබූ මාධ්‍ය  වූ ගුවන් විදුලිය හා පුවත්පත්වල සීමිත පරාසය ඔස්සේ රටතොට සිදුවන දේ දැන ගැනීමට ජනතාවට තිබුනේ සීමිත ඉඩකි. නමුත් යම් දේශපාලන අවබෝධයක් හා උනන්දුවක් තිබූ අප දෙමව්පියන්ගේ මිත්‍රයින්ගේ අවවාදය වූයේ ඒ වන විට යන්තම් 18 වන වියෙහි පසු වූ දියණිය යාපනයට නොයවන ලෙසය. සැබැවින්ම ඒ වන විට 1975 දී සිදු වූ යාපනය නගරාධිපති ඇල්ෆ්‍රඩ් දුරෙයිඅප්පා ඝාතනයත් සමගම උතුරේ යම් ප්‍රමානයකට ආතතීන් වර්ධනය වෙමින් පැවතිනි. ඒ කෙසේ වුවද වෙනත් විශ්ව විද්‍යාලයකට සුහද මාරුවක් ලබා ගැන්මට මගේ සොයුරිය මෙන්ම අම්මා ද එතරම් උනන්දුවක් ගත්තේ නැත.

මාතර නගරයේ අප ලඟම අසල්වැසියා වූයේ යාපනයේ බේකරි හිමි ව්‍යාපාරිකයකු වූ අබේසේකර මහතා හෙවත් යාපනේ මුදලාලිය. යාපනය ගැන හොඳ අවබෝධයක් තිබූ ඔවුන් පවා ඊලඟ දශකයේ සිට මෙතරම් බරපතල වූ වාර්ගික යුද්ධයක් ඇරඹේ යයි සිතන්නට නැත. චතුර ලෙස ද්‍රවිඪ බස කතා කල ඔහුද පැවසුවේ යාපනය විශ්ව විද්‍යාලයට යාමේ කිසිදු අවුලක් නැති බවයි.

කෙසේ හෝ යාපනය විශ්ව විද්‍යාලයට ඇතුලු වූ සිංහල සිසු කණ්ඩායම්වලට 1977 මුල් භාගය තෙක් සැලකිය යුතු ප්‍රශ්ණයක් නොවීය. එනමුදු ප්‍රශ්ණ නොතිබුනා යයිද කිව නොහැකිය. සමහර විටෙක වඩ්ඩුකොඩෙයි හි පීඨයේ සිට නගරයට පැමිනෙන ඔවුන්ට ද්‍රවිඪ තරුණයන්ගේ ආක්‍රමණශීලී ප්‍රතිචාරවලට ලක්වන්නට සිිදු වූ අවස්ථා හිඟ නොවීය. 1977 මාර්තු මාසයේදී නගරයෙන් මඳක් දුර බැහැර යම් කටයුත්තක් සඳහා ගිය සිංහල, විද්‍යාපීඨ සිසුන් දෙදෙනෙකුට ආපසු එන ගමනේදී අනිත් පාර්ශ්වය විසින් බස් රියේ අසුනක් අරභයා සිතා මතාම ඇතිකල ප්‍රශ්ණයකට මුහුණ දීමට සිදුවිය. තම නේවාසිකාගාරය අසලදී බසයෙන් බැසි එම සිසුන් දෙදෙනා සමගම බිමට පැනගත් ද්‍රවිඪ තරුණයන් පිරිස ඔවුන් වෙත තර්ජනාත්මකව පවසා සිටියේ “උඹලගෙ ඔක්කොම අරන් වරෙන් හෙට. අපි එතකොට බලාගනිමු” යන්නයි. මේ වචන හුවමාරුව මෙතරම් දුර දිග යනු ඇතැයි ඔවුන් සිතුවේ නැත. පසුදින දිවා ආහාරයෙන් පසුව නගරයට යන්නට ගිය යහලුවන් සිව් දෙනා හදිසියේම කොහෙන් ආවාදැයි සිතාගත නොහැකි තරම් පිරිසක් වට කරගත් බව එදා සිද්ධිය ඇසින් දුටු සිසුවියන් පිරිසක් පැවසූහ. මේ පිරිස අත පොලු මුගුරු, සයිකල් චේන්, කිණිසි තිබෙනු ඔවුන් දැක ඇත. ප්‍රහාරයට ලක් වූ සිසුන්ගෙන් තිදෙනෙකු දිවගන්නට සමත් වූහ. විනාඩි කිහිපයක් තුල පැවති කලබගෑනියෙන් පසුව මේ පිරිස විසිර ගිය විට, උපාලි මාරසිංහ නම් සිසුවා උදරයට වැදුනු පිහි පාරවල් නිසා ලද කැපුම් තුවාල සහිතව වැටී සිටියේය. ඔහුව වහාම යාපනය මහ රෝහලට ගෙන ගොස් ශල්‍යකර්මයකට භාජනය කලද ඔහුගේ සිරුරේ ඉනෙන් පහල අප්‍රාණික වීය. ඒ සමගම විශ්ව විද්‍යාලය තාවකාලිකව වසා දැමිනි.

තමන්ට වෙනත් විශ්ව විද්‍යාලයක් ලබා දෙන ලෙස සිසුන් කල ඉල්ලීම් නොතකා එවකට සිටි ශ්‍රීලනිප රජය ඔවුන්ව යලි යාපනයටම යවන්නට කටයුතු කලහ. නමුත් මැයි, ජුනි මාසවලදී වරින් වර ‘සිංහල සිසුන් කැබලිකර, පැකට් කර ගෙවල් වලට යවනවා’ යි පැවසෙන තර්ජනාත්මක පණිවුඩ සිංහල සිසුන්ට ලැබිනි.

1977 අගෝස්තු මස 15 වන දින දෙෙනික මුර සංචාරයේ යෙදුනු පොලිස් භටයන් තිදෙනෙකු හට ද්‍රවිඪ තරුණයින් තිදෙනෙකු විසින් වෙඩි තබා තුවාල සිදු කිරීමත් සමගම, ඊට පොලිසිය පොදුවේ ද්‍රවිඪ ජාතිකයන්ට ප්‍රතිචාර දැක් වූ පාලනයෙන් තොර වියරු ආකාරය තුල යාපනයේ හා ඒ අවට සිටි සිංහලයන්හට පෙරලා පහර දීමට ද්‍රවිඪ ජනයාද පෙලඹුනහ. සවස 5.30 පමන වන විට අවි ආයුධ ද රැගෙන යාපනය විශ්ව විද්‍යාල නේවාසිකාගාර වටකල කලහකාරී ද්‍රවිඪ පිරිස් සිංහල සිසුන් මරාදමා නේවාසිකාගාර ගිනිබත් කරන බවට තර්ජනය කරමින් ඝෝෂා කිරීමට වන්හ. එවකට අනුරාධපුර මහ දිසාපතිවරයාගේ දියණියද මේ කණ්ඩායමේ සිටි අතර, එකල දුරකථන පද්ධතීන්ද වරදක් නැතිව ක්‍රියාකල බැවින්, ඇතිව තිබෙන තත්වය පිලිබඳ දන්වන ලදුව හමුදා ආරක්ෂාව සහිතව බස්රථ 12 ක් මැදියම් රැය වන විට යාපනයට යවා මේ සිංහල සිසුන් පිරිස නිරුපද්‍රිතව අනුරාධපුරයට රැගෙන ඒමට දිසාපති ඇතුලු පාලන අධිකාරිය සමත් විය. ඉන්පසු සිංහල සිසුන් යලි යාපනයට යාමට තදින්ම ප්‍රතික්ශේප කල අතර, මඳ කලක් සවස් වරුවල තර්ස්ටන් විද්‍යාලයේ දේශන පවත්වාගෙන ගිය අතර පසුව ශ්‍රී ජයවර්ධනපුර විශ්ව විද්‍යාලයෙහි ‘යාපනය ඒකකය’ නමින් ස්ථිර පදනමින් දේශන අරඹා උපාධිය සම්පූර්ණ කිරීමට සමත් වූහ. ඔවුන් යාපනය විශ්ව විද්‍යාලයෙන් එදා අතට හසුවූ දේ රැගෙන කඩිමුඩියේ ඉවත්වූ පසු එම නේවාසිකාගාර සහ කාර්ය මණ්ඩල නිල නිවාස ගිනි තබා ඔවුන්ගේ පොත් පත් ආදී දේ විනාශකර දමා තිබිනි.

කෙසේ වුවද රාජිනී තිරාණගම ලියූ ‘බිඳුනු තල්ගස’ කෘතියේද, ආර්. එම්. නාරයන් ස්වාමි ලියූ ‘දුරාවබෝධ මනසක ඇතුලාන්තය’ නම් කෘතියේද සාමකාමී අධ්‍යාපනයේ පරිච්ඡේදයක අවසානයක් සනිටුහන් කල එම සිදුවීම ගැන කිසිදු සඳහනක් නැත. මා එසේ පවසන්නේ අධ්‍යාපනය මගින් ලබන හික්මීම මානව සංවර්ධනයේ වැදගත් සාධකයක් වන බැවිනි.

1977 ජුලි මස බලයට පැමිනීමට ප්‍රථම, මාර්තු මාසයේදී සිදුවූ සිද්ධිය නිසා, තව දුරටත් යාපනයේ රැඳී සිටීම අනතුරුදායක බව එම සිසුන් එවකට විශ්ව විද්‍යාල ප්‍රතිපාදන කොමිසමේ සභාපති ස්ටැන්ලි කල්පගේ ට සහ අගමැතිනි සිරිමාවෝ බණ්ඩාරනායක ට දැනුම් දී තිබිනි. එහිදී අගමැතිනියගේ ඍජු හා දැඩි පිලිතුර වූයේ ” මිශ්‍ර ජනවාර්ගික පැවැත්මක් සඳහා යාපනය ප්‍රදේශයේත් සිංහල ජනපද ඇතිවීම අවශ්‍ය’ බවයි. එතැනදී සිසුන් වෙනුවෙන් ඉදිරිපත් වූයේ පූජ්‍ය ඇල්ලේ ගුණවංශ හිමියන්ය. උන්වහන්සේ අගමැතිනියට පවසා ඇත්තේ ‘මේ දරුවන් තම උපාධි පාඨමාලාව සම්පූර්ණ කර තම ගම් බිම් බලා යනු විනා එහි ජනපද තැනීමේ අවශ්‍යතාවයක් ඔවුන්ට නොමැති බවත්, එබැවින් ඔවුන්ගේ ජීවිත පාලකයන්ගේ අභිමතයට අනුව අනතුරේ නොහෙලිය යුතු බවත්’ ය. මේ කතාවේ අදටද වලංගු වන ප්‍රකාශය එයයි.

මේ ද්‍රවිඪ සිසුන්, සිංහල සිසුන් යාපනය සරසවියේ ඉගෙන ගැනීම සම්බන්ධව විරුද්ධ වීමේ ඇති පදනම කුමක්ද? අද මෙන්ම එදා 1977 දී ත් ද්‍රවිඪ සිසුන් දිවයිනේ අනිකුත් විශ්ව විද්‍යාලවල ඉගෙනීමෙහි යෙදුනහ. රජය පවසන පරිදි සංහිඳියාව ඇති කිරීමට නම් ඒ කැපවීම හා ඉවසීම සියලු ජන කොටස් තුල තිබිය යුතුය.

මේ සිංහල දෙමල ප්‍රශ්ණයේ ආරම්භය ලෙස ඔවුන් දක්වන්නේ 1956 බණ්ඩාරනායක රජය විසින් සිංහල රාජ්‍ය භාෂාව බවට පත් කිරීමය. මේ නිසා ද්‍රවිඪ ජාතික රාජ්‍ය සේවකයන්හට තම වැටුප් වැඩිවීම් සඳහා සිංහල භාෂා කඩඉම් විභාගය සමත් වීමේ අවශ්‍යතාවය පැන නැගුන බවත්, ඒ තුල ඔවුන් මහත් අධෙෙර්යයට පත් වූ බවත් පැවසේ. නමුත් ඔවුන්ට අමතක වූ යමක් ඇත. ඒ ඔවුන් එතෙක් ඉගෙන ගත්තේ ද්‍රවිඪ භාෂාවෙන්ද යන්නයි. මේ සිංහල භාෂා කඩඉම් ප්‍රශ්ණය ඔවුන්ට පමනක් නොව ඉංග්‍රීසි මාධ්‍යයෙන් ඉගෙනගත් සිංහලයන්ටද බල පෑවේය.

ඒ වන විට රටේ ප්‍රධාන භාෂාව වී තිබුනේ ඉංග්‍රීසියයි. රාජ්‍ය සේවයේ ලිපිකරු තනතුරු සහ වෙනත් බොහෝ රැකියා වෙන් වූයේ ඉංග්‍රීසි උගතුන්ටය. ඉංග්‍රීසියෙන් ඉගෙන ගත්තා වුවත් තම මව් භාෂාවෙන් සේවා දායකයන් හා ගණුදෙනු කිරීමේ හැකියාව දෙපිරිසටම තිබුනි. සිංහලය රාජ්‍ය භාෂාව බවට පත් වූ පසු බිහිවූ මධ්‍ය මහා විද්‍යාල සහ මහා විද්‍යාල වලින් ඉගෙන ගන්නට වරම් ලද දක්ෂ දරුවන් සරසවි වරම් ලබමින්, රජයේ ඉහල තනතුරු කරා පිවිසෙන්නටද වූහ. මේ තත්වයට විරුද්ධ වුනේ ද්‍රවිඪ ජනතාව පමනක් නොවේ. සිංහල ප්‍රභූ පැලැන්තියද එය නොරිස්සූහ. ‘අනේ රටකට ගිය කලක් ! පොල් ගහකට යවා ගන්න, වත්තක් උදලු ගා ගන්න එකෙක් නැති වුන හැටි.’ ‘අහවලාගෙ පුතත් අඳින්නෙ කලිසම්’ ආදී වශයෙන් මේ 56 දරු පරපුර හෙලා දැකීම ඒ යුගයේ මතකයන් ඇති කෙනෙකුගෙන් ඇසුවොත් දැනගත හැකිය. මේ අනුව අප එක දෙයක් මතක තබා ගත යුතුය. මේ පෙරලිය තුල ගැටුනේ සිංහල-දෙමල කමට වඩා පන්ති පරතරයන්ය. කුල භේදය තදින් පැවතුන ද්‍රවිඪ සමාජය තුල මෙවන් තත්වයකදී දක්වනු ඇති ප්‍රතිචාරයේ මෙයට වැඩි වෙනසක් අපේක්ෂා කල හැකිද?

එමෙන්ම සැම විටම උසස් පෙල විභාග ප්‍රතිඵල හෝ විශ්ව විද්‍යාල තුල ද්‍රවිඪ සිසුන් මුල් තැන ගනු වැලැක්වීම පිනිස සිරිමා රජය විශ්ව විද්‍යාල ප්‍රවේශය සඳහා දිස්ත්‍රික් පදනම ගෙන ආ බවත් ඒ තුල යාපනය සහ මඩකලපුව දිස්ත්‍රික්කවල සිසුන් අසාධාරණයට හා අසහනයට පත් වූ බවත් නාරායන් ස්වාමිගේ පොතෙහි සඳහන් වේ. නමුත් මේ හා සමානම තත්වයකට මුහුණ පෑමට කොළඹ, ගාල්ල, මාතර සහ මහනුවර ආදී දිස්ත්‍රික්කවල සිසුන්ටද සිදුව ඇති බව අමතක නොකල යුතුය. මේ දිස්ත්‍රික්ක පදනම නිසා විශේෂයෙන්ම අසාධාරණයට ලක් වන්නේ එම දිස්ත්‍රික්කයේ ඈත කෙලවර පාසල්වල සිසුන්ය. උදාහරණයක් ලෙස ලබුගම හෝ පාදුක්ක ලියන්වල වැනි පාසලක සිසුන්ද,රාජකීය, විශාකා, ආනන්ද, නාලන්ද ආදී පාසල්වල සිසුන්ද මේ පදනම යටතේ කොළඹ දිස්ත්‍රික්කයට ඇතුලත් වෙති. මේ පාසල්වල තත්වය ප්‍රායෝගිකව දකින අයෙකුට එතන ඇති අසාධාරණය අමුතුවෙන් විස්තර කල යුතු නැත. මෙවන් දේ සිදුවන්නේ අධ්‍යාපන ක්ෂේත්‍රයේ පමනක් නොවේ.

රජයන්හි වැරදි ප්‍රතිපත්ති, පාලන ක්‍රමයන් නිසා අසාධාරණයට ලක්වන ජනතාව සිංහල හෝ ද්‍රවිඪ කියා වර්ග කල හැකිද? යාපනය සරසවි සිසුන් පසුගිය මැයි 19 වන දා සැමරූ  ‘ජන සංහාර’ දිනයේදී ඔවුන් ලකුණු කර ඉල්ලා සිටින වෙනම රාජ්‍යයේදී මෙසේ අසාධාරණකම් නැති, සමානාත්මතාවය රජයන සමාජයක් ගැන සහතික වීමට, ඔවුන්ව මේවා කරා මෙහෙයවන නායකයින්හට හැකිවේද යන්නත් ප්‍රශ්ණයකි. ඒ, මෙම දේශපාලකයන් ද දකුණු ආසියානු දේශපාලන මොඩලයේම නිමැවුම් නිසාය.

ඉතින් එදා ඇල්ලේ ගුණවංශ හිමියන් පැවසුවාක් මෙන් මේ සිංහල සිසුන් යාපනයට ගියේ තම උපාධිය රැගෙන ගම් බිම් බලා යාමට බැවින් මේ පහරදීමේ සාධාරණත්වයක් තිබේද? එමෙන්ම අනිකුත් පලාත්වල සිටින දෙමල ජනයාගේ උත්සව සැමරුම්වලට සිංහල ජනතාව කිසිවිට බාධා කර තිබේද? ද්‍රවිඪ ජනයාද රටේ සෑම පලාතකම පාහේ සිටින නිසාත්, අධ්‍යාපන කටයතු බාධාවකින් තොරව කරගෙන යන නිසාත් මේ ප්‍රශ්ණ අවස්ථාවාදී දේශපාලකයන්ට ඕනෑ ආකාරයට නොව තම බුද්ධියට අනුකූලව සිදු කරන්නේ නම් එය සිංහලයාටද කරන සාධාරණයකි.

මන්ද ‘සිංහල’ යන වචනය පැවසීමත් අපරාධයක් ලෙස සැලකෙන තත්වය තුල සෑම අතින්ම අසාධාරණයට ලක්ව සිටින්නේ සිංහලයා ය.

නේස්බි  සාමිවරයාට තේරෙන අපේ ගොන්තඩි  පාලකයන්ට නොතේරෙන දේ

July 17th, 2016

ධර්මසිරි සෙනෙවිරත්න

 ලංකාවේ යුද අපරාධ විමර්ශනය සඳහා  විදේශ විනිසුරන් යෙදවිය යුතු බවට එංගලන්තය තීරණය කිරීම හා එසේ කරන ලෙස ලංකාවට බලපෑම් කිරීම  එංගලන්තයේ දෙබිඩි ප්‍රතිපත්තිය හෙලිකරන්නකය්  නෙස්බි සාමිවරයා පෙන්වා දෙය .  ඉරාක ආක්‍රමණය ගැන පරීක්ෂණයට  විදේශ විනිසුරන් නොගන්නා එංගලන්තය  ලංකාවට විදෙස් විනිසුරන් අවශ්ය් කියන්නේ  උන්ගේ නොසන්ඩාල කම නිසාය . තවත් කලක් ලංකාව සුරාකන්නට නොහැකිවීමේ  වේදනාව නිසා දැන්  ඉංග්‍රීසින් ඉන්නේ කෝපයෙනි හිටිය කාලයේත් ඉංග්‍රීසින්ට  විරුද්ධව මහා හැටන් කරමින් උන්ට බාධාකලේ සිංහල බෞධ්ධයන්ය දෙමල හා මුස්ලිම් කුලීකාරයෝ ගත්තේ ඉන්ග්රීසිගේ පැ ත්තය
                                                       එදා මෙදා සිට සිංහල හමුදාව ඉංග්‍රීසින්ට වහ කදුරුය
               කැප්පිටිපොල වැනි විරුවන් කලකීදේ  උන්ට හිතාගන්නටත් බැරිය  එනිසාම කැප්පිටිපොල හිස්කබල උන්ගේ රටට ගෙනගොස් පරීක්ෂණයට භාජනකලේ . සිංහලයන්ගේ මොළ ගැන හදාරා . යම් දවසක ”මොලසේදීමේ ”’ බෙහෙත් හොයාගන්නටය .  . මහින්ද   ප්‍රභා මරා කොටි හමුදාව යටත් කරගත් විට  එනපොට හොඳ නැතිබව දැනගත් ඉංග්‍රීසින්  තවත් පමා නොකොට  මොලාසේදීමේ බෙහෙත් පාවිච්චිකලයුතුබවට තීරණය කළහ .තමන් විසින් කරගෙන ආ මිෂනාරී අධ්‍යාපනය මගින් මොලසේදීම කල් යන බෙහෙතක් නිසා  අංගසම්පුර්ණ දේශද්‍රෝහී අහිනක්  මුදලට ගෙන  උන් ලවා   සකල  සිංහලයන්ගේ මොලසේදීම වඩා උචිත බව ත්  වහාම ප්‍රතිඵල ලබාදෙන  එන්නතක් බවත් දැනගත් උන් පෘතුගීසි කාරයාටත් ලෙන්ගතුවූ රනිල්  බලයට ගෙන එම සඳහා මවටත් පියාටත්ද්‍රෝහිවූ  එමෙන් ම සින්හලජාතියේ ඉපදීමපවා  අවාසනාවක් ලෙස සලකු චන්ද්‍රිකා නම් චපල ස්ත්‍රිය  මගින් සිරිසේන නම් බල ලෝභියෙක්  ඇමට දැම්මේය .  බිලීපිත්ත ඉන්දියාවඅතට දුන්නේය . තනිවම මේ කාර්යය කිරීමට වඩා ඉන්දියාව ලවා කරවීම  බෙහෙවින්  සාර්තකවන බව ඔවුහු සිතුහ .   දෙමලු හා මුස්ලිම්  කාරයෝ කවදත් සුද්දන්ට හිතවත් නිසා   උන්ගේ සහයත්   මෝඩ සමහර සිංහල  යන්ගේ සහයත් අරගෙන රනිල් ට ජයඅ ත් කරදුන්හ . එහෙත් 70% ක සිංහල බෞධ්ධයන්ගෙන් වැඩිහරියක් මේ ඇ ම කෑ වේ නැත.එජාපයේ  හැමදාම සිටි උන්ට රටක් ජාතියකට වඩා   අවශ්‍ය වුයේ කකා බිබී බයිලා නැටීමට නිසා උන්ගේ චන්ද  ලැබුනේ රනිල් ටය . මහින්ද ලක්ෂ 4 කින් පැරදුනේ  මේ සියලු අවලම් වැඩ නිසා  වල්මත්වූ වන්   නිසාය.
                                                             සුද්දන්  ගේ ආවතේව කාරයෙකුවූ රනිල්  සිංහල බෞද්ධ හමුදාව  විනාශකිරීමේ කාර්යය අතට ගෙන ඇත . සිරිසේන  අන්දමන්දවී ඇත . ගමට යන්න බැරි මන්ත්‍රීලා නාහෙන්  අඩති .විදෙස් විනිසුරන් නොගෙන්වන බවට සිරිසේන  කෑගසා කියය එහෙත් රනිල් ගෙන් බේරුමක් නැත .චන්ද්‍රිකා පසෙකින්  විරිත්තය්   දෙස් දෙවොල් තියය් සිරිසෙනවා කොනිත්ත කොනිත්තා සිංහලේ විනාශ කර පියයය් කියය් ..
                                              මේ මන්ත්‍රීවරුන් වහාම නේ ස්බි සාමිගේ ප්‍රකාශය සිරිසේනට දිය යුතුය .එංගලන්තයට ගියොත් අත්මේස් නැතුවම   නෙස්බිබිගෙන් කනේ පාරක්ද සිරිසේනට ලබා ගත හැක  .  . එපාරින් විකුර ති මොලය ප්‍රකුර්තිමත් විය හැකිය  මහින්ද කණ්ඩායම  නෙස්බි සාමි ලංකාවට ගෙන්වා   ලංකාවාසීන් ඇමතීමට සැලැස්විය යුතුය .එවිට හැමදාම විජාතික ගති එජා පාක්ෂිකයෝ   මොකක්ද බො ල මේ අරුමේ යය සිතනු ඇත ..බටහිරයොත් ඉන්දියාවත්  සිංහල බෞද්ධයන්ට සදාකාලිකව විරුද්ධ බව එජාප සමහරු දන්නේ නැත.. ඒ ඉතිහාසය එජා පයි න් ට උගන්වලාත් නැත  ඉගෙන ගන්නට දෙන්නෙත් නැත   මහින්දලාගේ වගකීම  වන්නේ  අඩුවශයෙන් දිනේෂ් හා ගම්මාන පිලගේ වගකීම හැදෙනාටම  මේවා ඉගැන්වීමය් . හෙළ උරුමය   රැකීමට නම් එසේ කලයුතු ය         

Legacy of Sinhalese students at Jaffna university.

July 17th, 2016

Chandrasena Pandithage

Sinhalese university students were beaten by Tamil students. This was happened in Jaffna university on 16th July 2016. We do not get clear reason for this attack. If the reason is Sinhalism  We feel very sorry on the attackers and whole Tamil community in Sri Lanka.

University is an university It is not an Tamiliansity. If somebody wants to start a Tamiliansity they are free to start that “sity” and carry on their studies on their own way. Jaffna university belongs to Sri Lankan taxpayers. If somebody insist to apply racism into any university; it is to be started from the university admissions. The attackers should understand the 79% of taxpayers are Sinhalese; If you insist to apply racism here, the 79% of students must be from Sinhalese families. Why Sinhalese families pay for Tamil racists’ children’s studies? Is that fair.? No, it is not fair. The Sinhalese must start to think as Sinhalese and demand your children’s study rights and get 79% of Sinhalese students admission.That is the justice and it is cleared through this brutal attack on Sinhalese students. The racist must understand, that they are opening new avenues against them.

We fully condemn Tamil racists’ brutal attack on Sinhalese students and we demand you to stop this game at once. At the same time we demand our government to stop spending our taxpayers monies for northern developments. Spend what you get from them.

யாழ்ப்பாணம் பல்கலைக்கழகத்தில் சிங்களம் மாணவர்கள் மரபுரிமை.

July 17th, 2016

Chandrasena Pandithage

சிங்களம் பல்கலைக்கழக மாணவர்கள் தமிழ் மாணவர்கள் தாக்கப்பட்டார்கள். இது 16 ஆம் ஜூலை 2016 அன்று யாழ் பல்கலைக்கழக நடந்தது நாம் இந்த தாக்குதலுக்கான தெளிவான காரணம் இல்லை இருந்தது. காரணம் Sinhalism இருந்தால் நாம் இலங்கையில் தாக்குதல் மற்றும் முழு தமிழ் சமூகத்துக்கும் மிகவும் வருந்துகிறேன்.

பல்கலைக்கழகம் ஒரு பல்கலைக்கழகம் இது ஒரு Tamiliansity அல்ல. யாரோ ஒரு Tamiliansity தொடங்க வேண்டுமானால் அவர்கள் என்று “sity” தொடங்க மற்றும் தங்கள் சொந்த வழியில் தமது கல்வியைத் தொடரவோ இலவச உள்ளன. யாழ் பல்கலைக்கழக இலங்கை வரி செலுத்துவோர் இங்கே கிளிக் செய்யவும். யாரோ என்றால் எந்த பல்கலைக்கழக இனவெறி விண்ணப்பிக்க வலியுறுத்துகின்றனர்; அது, பல்கலைக்கழக அனுமதி இருந்து தொடங்கியது வேண்டும். தாக்குதல் நடத்தியவர்கள் வரி செலுத்துவோர் சிங்களம் பேசும் 79% புரிந்து கொள்ள வேண்டும்; நீங்கள் இங்கே இனவெறி விண்ணப்பிக்க வற்புறுத்துவதால், மாணவர்கள் 79% சிங்களம் குடும்பங்கள் இருந்து இருக்க வேண்டும். ஏன் சிங்களம் குடும்பங்கள் தமிழ் இனவாதிகள் ” குழந்தைகள் ஆய்வுகள் கொடுக்க? அது நல்லதா.? இல்லை, அது சரியில்லை. சிங்களம் சிங்களம் என நினைக்கிறேன் உங்கள் பிள்ளைகளின் ஆய்வு உரிமைகளைக் கோர மற்றும் சிங்களம் மாணவர்கள் 79% admission.That நீதி பெற ஆரம்பிக்க வேண்டும் மற்றும் அது சிங்களம் மாணவர்கள் இந்த கொடூரமான தாக்குதலை மூலம் அகற்றப்பட்டது. இனவாத அவர்களுக்கு எதிராக புதிய வழிவகையை திறக்க போகிறோம் என்று, புரிந்து கொள்ள வேண்டும்.

நாம் முழுமையாக சிங்களம் மாணவர்கள் மீது தமிழ் இனவாதிகள் ‘மிருகத்தனமான தாக்குதலை கண்டிக்கிறோம் நாம் நீங்கள் ஒரே நேரத்தில் இந்த விளையாட்டில் நிறுத்த கோரி. அதே நேரத்தில் நாம் நமது அரசாங்கம் வடக்கு அபிவிருத்திக்கு என எங்கள் வரி செலுத்துவோர் பினால் செலவு நிறுத்த கோரி. நீங்கள் அவர்களிடம் இருந்து என்ன கிடைக்கும் செலவிடுங்கள்.Ciṅkaḷam palkalaikkaḻaka māṇavarkaḷ tamiḻ māṇavarkaḷ tākkappaṭṭār

පෙරදිගට ගමනක් – 23-නිශ්ශංකමල්ල නම් ඒ බෑනා …

July 17th, 2016

වරුණ චන්ද්‍රකීර්ති

මේ දක්වා කියපු කරුණුවලින් පැහැදිළි වන දේ තමයි අපේ ථෙරවාදී කලාපය ඇතුළේ සිදුවෙච්ච ගනුදෙනු, සංස්කෘතික හුවමාරු කරගැනීම් ආදීයේ ස්වභාවය. චෝල ආක්‍රමණයට කලිනුත්, චෝල ආක්‍රමණයෙන් පස්සෙත් මේ ගනුදෙනු, යාම් ඊම් සිද්දවෙලා තියෙනවා. ක්‍රිස්තු වර්ෂ 993 විතර ඉඳලා ක්‍රිස්තු වර්ෂ 1070 විතර දක්වා තිබුණු චෝල පාලනයේ දී මේ සම්බන්ධකම් බිඳවැටෙන්න ඇති. ඒත් මහා පරාක්‍රමබාහු රජතුමා බලයට ඒමෙන් පස්සේ ආයෙත් වතාවක් ඒ සම්බන්ධකම් ඇතිවෙන්න පටන්ගත්තා. ඒ කාරණයට මූලික ව ම හේතුවුනේ එතුමා විසින් සිදුකරපු ශාසන ශෝධනය.

ක්‍රිස්තු වර්ෂ 1165 දී විතර සිදුකරපු ඒ ශාසන ශෝධනය හින්දා සිංහල බුද්ධාගමේ නව යුගයක් උදාවුනා කියලා කියන්න පුළුවන්. අනුරුධපුර යුගයේ දී රජකළ මහා විහාර සම්ප්‍රදායත්, අභයගිරි විහාරය මුල්කරගත්ත සම්ප්‍රදායත්, ජේතවනාරාමාදී අනෙකුත් විහාර ඇසුරෙන් පැන නැගුණු සම්ප්‍රදායනුත් කල් ගතවීම නිසාත් චෝල ආක්‍රමණයෙන් බැටකෑම නිසාත් ඒ වෙද්දී විසිරිලා ගිහිල්ලා, බිඳවැටිලා තිබුණේ. “සමඟි වූ කර්මාදිය තබා ඔවුනොවුන් දර්ශනයත් නො රුස්නා“ ඒ වගේ ම “සඟ සතු ගම් හි සංඝයා ගේ පුත්‍ර දාරාදී පෝෂණය ම“  ස්වභාව කොටගත්ත භික්‍ෂුන් පිරිසක් ඒ වෙද්දී ශේෂවෙලා හිටියා කියලා මහාවංශය කියනවා. ඉතින් මහා පරාක්‍රමබාහු රජතුමාට උවමනා වුනා දූෂණය වෙලා තිබුණු ශාසනය ශුද්ධ කරවලා භික්‍ෂු අතර සමගිය ඇතිකරවන්න. මේ කටයුත්ත “මහමෙර එසවීම තරම්“ බැරෑරුම් වුනාලු. ශාසන ශෝධනය සිදුකරපු විනිශ්චය සභාවේ පිටුපස අප්‍රකට තැනකට වෙලා තුන්යම් රැයක් ම සිටි පියෙන් සිටිමින් ඒ කටයුත්ත පුද්ගලිකව ම අධීක්‍ෂණය කරන්නත් එතුමාට සිද්දවුනාලු.

කොහොම හරි ශාසන සාමග්‍රිය ඇතිකරවන්න මහ පරාක්‍රමබාහු රජතුමාට පුළුවන් වුනා. මේ ශාසන ශෝධනයට නායකත්වය දීලා තියෙන්නේ දිඹුලාගල ආරණ්‍යවාසි මහා කාශ්‍යප මහා ස්ථවිරයන්වහන්සේ.  ඒ කටයුත්ත හින්දා උන්වහන්සේ තමන් ගේ නායකයා – සංඝරාජයාණන් වහන්සේ විදිහට පිළිගන්න අපේ සියළුම භික්‍ෂුන්වහන්සේලා කටයුතුකරලා තියෙනවා. ඒ තමයි අපේ රටේ ඇතිවෙච්ච සංඝරාජ සම්ප්‍රදායේ ආරම්භය. තව වැදගත් දෙයක් කියන්න තියෙනවා මේ දිඹුලාගල – උදුම්බරගිර; සම්බන්ධය වටා.  මොකද උදුම්බරගිරත් මේ කියන කතාවට සම්බන්ධයි. මහා කාශ්‍යප හාමුදුරුවන්ට පස්සේ සංඝරාජයාණන්වහන්සේ විදිහට පත්වෙලා තියෙන්නේ ටීකාචාර්ය ශාරිපුත්‍ර ස්ථවිරයාණන්වහන්සේ. සංඝරාජ තනතුර වටා රැස්වුනු අපේ සංඝ සමාජය ආයතන අටක් වටේ සංවිධානය වෙලා තියෙනවා.

ඉතින් මේ විදිහට සංවිධානය වෙච්ච අපේ ශාසනයේ කීර්තිරාවය දේශ දේශාන්තර පැතිරෙන්න පටන්ගත්ත එක පුදුමයක් නෙවෙයි. මේ දේශ දේශාන්තර කියන්නේ අපේ ථෙරවාදී කලාපයට අයිති රටවල්. ශාසන ශෝධනයෙන් අවුරුදු දෙකක් ගතවෙන්න කලින් – ඒ කියන්නේ ක්‍රිස්තු වර්ෂ 1167 දී රාමඤ්ඤ රටින් පන්තගු කියලා මහා ස්ථවිරයාණන්වහන්සේ නමක් අපේ රටට වැඩමකරලා තියෙනවා. උන්වහන්සේ අවුරුදු හයක් ම වැඩ ඉඳලා බුදුදහමත්, අපේ ශාසන සම්ප්‍රදායන් ගැනත් ඉගෙනගෙන තියෙනවා. උන්වහන්සේ ආපහු වැඩම කළාට පස්සේ රාමඤ්ඤදේශයේ  රජතුමා ගේ රාජගුරු විදිහට කටයුතුකරපු උත්තරජීව කියන ස්ථවිරයන්වහන්සේ අපේ රටට වැඩමකරලා. උන්වහන්සේ අවුරුදු දහයක් ම අපේ සම්ප්‍රදායන් ගැන ඉගෙනගත්තා. උන්වහන්සේ ගේ ශිෂ්‍ය භික්‍ෂුන්වහන්සේ – ඒ කියන්නේ චපට හාමුදුරුවෝ පොළොන්නරුවේ දී උපසම්පදාව ලබාගෙන තියෙනවා. ඒ, ක්‍රිස්තු වර්ෂ 1181 දී. චපට ස්ථවිරයන්වහන්සේ බුරුමයට ආපහු වැඩමකරන වෙලාවේ උන්වහන්සේත් එක්ක ම තාමලිප්තයේ සීවලී ස්ථවිරයන්වහන්සේත්, කාම්බෝජ රජ්ජුරුවන් ගේ පුත්‍රයකු වෙච්ච තාමලින්ද ස්ථවිරයන්වහන්සේත්, කාංචිපුරයේ ආනන්ද ස්ථවිරයන්වහන්සේත්, අපේ සිංහල භික්‍ෂුන්වහන්සේ නමක් වෙච්ච රාහුල ස්ථවිරයන්වහන්සේත් වැඩමකරලා තියෙනවා. උන්වහන්සේලා බුරුමයේ පගාන් නුවර පාලනය කරපු නරපතිසිතූ කියන රජතුමා ගේ උදව් ලබාගෙන සිංහල ශාසනය ඒ දේශයේ ස්ථාපිතකරලා තියෙනවා.

අපේ ථෙරවාද කලාපය ඇතුළේ සිද්දවෙලා තියෙන්නේ මේ විදිහේ ශාසනික ගනුදෙනු විතරක් නෙවෙයි. ක්‍රිස්තු වර්ෂ 1165 දී මහා පරාක්‍රමබාහු රජතුමා කාම්බෝජයට පිටත්කරලා යවලා තියෙන දූත කණ්ඩායම ගැන අපේ වංශ කතා කියන කතාවෙන් කියැවෙන්නේ වෙනත් ආකාරයක ගනුදෙනුවක් ගැන. ඒ දූත පිරිස ගිහිල්ලා තියෙන්නේ රාජ කන්‍යාවක් එක්ක. මේ කියන කාලේ අග්නිදිග ආසියාවේ තිබුණු බලවත් ම රාජ්‍යය තමයි කාම්බෝජය. ඒ වෙද්දි පවා දැන් තියෙන තායිලන්තයේ මධ්‍යම ප්‍රදේශය – ඒ කියන්නේ සුඛෝදය, ලොබ්පුරි, අයුත්තියා අයත් ප්‍රදේශය අයත්වෙලා තියෙන්නේ කාම්බෝජයට. චම්මදේවී වංශය, සිහිංග බුද්ධ නිධානය, ජිනකාලමාලිය වගේ පැරැණි පොත් පවා මේ බව කියනවා. ඒ හින්දා මහා පරාක්‍රමබාහු රජතුමා රාජ කන්‍යාවක් එක්ක පිටත්කරපු දූත පිරිස ගිහිල්ලා තියෙන්නේ මේ විදිහට රාමඤ්ඤයේ සීමාව දක්වා ම පැතිරිලා තිබුණු කාම්බෝජයේ නැගෙනහිර ප්‍රදේශයට – ඒ කියන්නේ අද තියෙන තායිලන්තයේ මධ්‍ය ප්‍රදේශයට වෙන්න පුළුවන් කියලා මැන්දිස් රෝහණධීර මහාචාර්යතුමා කියනවා. ඒ දූත පිරිස කාම්බෝජය බලා යද්දී ඇතිවෙච්ච කලබැගෑනියක් හින්දා රාමඤ්ඤයත් එක්ක යුද්ධයක් කරන්න පවා මහා පරාක්‍රමබාහු රජතුමාට සිද්දවුනා. මේ වගේ යුද්ධයකට පටලැවෙන්න පවා හේතුවක් වෙච්ච ඒ රාජ කන්‍යාව කවුද?

මේ ප්‍රශ්නයට උත්තර ලැබෙන්නේ නිශ්ශංකමල්ල ගේ කතාවෙන්. නිශ්ශංකමල්ල කියලා කියන්නේ පරාකුමබාහු මහ රජ්ජුරුවන් ගේ බෑනා. තමන් ගේ බිසව සුභද්‍රා මහා දේවිය කියලා නිශ්ශංකමල්ල කියනවා. සුභද්‍රා කියලා කියන්නේ පරාක්‍රමබාහු රජතුමා ගේ දියණිය කියලා පරණවිතාන මහාචාර්යතුමාත් රෝහණධීර මහාචාර්යතුමාත් පෙන්නලා දීලා තියෙනවා. මහා පරාක්‍රමබාහු රජතුමා ආලාහන පිරිවෙන් භූමියේ රූපාවතී දාගැබ හදලා තියෙන්නේ තමන් ගේ බිසිව වෙනුවෙන්. සුභද්‍රා දාගැබ හදලා තියෙන්නේ දියණිය වෙනුවෙන්. තමන් ගේ රජකම රැකගන්න නිශ්ශංකමල්ල තරම් ප්‍රචාරක කටයුතුවල නිරතවෙච්ච කෙනෙක් අපේ ඉතිහාසයේ ඉඳලා නෑ. ඔහු විසින් ලියවපු සෙල්ලිපි 35 ක් හොයාගෙන තියෙනවා. තමන් ගේ පරපුර අනාගතයේත් රට පාලනය කරනවා දකින අභිප්‍රායෙන් මහා පරාක්‍රමබාහු රාජෝත්තමයාණන්වහන්සේ සිංහපුරයට දූතයන් යවලා බෑනනුවන්වහන්සේ ව කැඳවාගෙන ඇවිල්ලා නිල නම්බුනාමත් එක්ක පරාක්‍රමබාහු නාමයත් උරුමකරලා දීලා, ශිල්ප ශාස්ත්‍රත් උගන්නලා රජකමට සූදානම් කළා කියලා නිශ්ශංකමල්ල ඒ එක සෙල්ලිපියකින් කියලා තියෙනවා. නිශ්ශංකමල්ල ආවේ මොන සිංහපුරයේ ඉඳළා ද?

මේ කියන කාලයේ කාම්බෝජ පාලනයට නතුවෙලා තිබුණු ප්‍රදේශ දෙකක් ම සිංහපුරය විදිහට හඳුන්වලා තියෙනවා. එකක් තිබිලා තියෙන්නේ තායිලන්තයේ දැන් තියෙන කාංචනබුරි පළාතේ. දැන් ඒ නගරය හඳුන්වන්නේ මුවං සිං කියලා. අනෙක් සිංහපුරය තියෙන්නේ තායිලන්තයේ සිංහබුරි පළාතේ. ඒ කියන්නේ බැංකොක් නුවරට කිලෝ මීටර් 150 ක් විතර උතුරින්. මේ සිංහපුරයේ නන් චක්සි මහා විහාරයේ ඉදිකරලා තියෙන මීටර් 45 ක විතර දිගකින් යුක්ත සැතපෙන බුද්ධ ප්‍රතිමාව ලෝක ප්‍රසිද්ධයි. පියා මැරීමේ පාපය ගැන කම්පා වෙවී හිටිය සිංහබාහු රජතුමා ඒ පාපයෙන් අත් මිදනේන කියලා හිතාගෙන මේ ප්‍රතිමාව ඉදිකළා කියලා තමයි තායිලන්තයේ ජනකතාවලින් කියන්නේ. තමන් විජය ගේ පරපුරට අයිතියි කියලා නිශ්ශංකමල්ල කියනවා. කොහොම වුනත් මේ හැම ප්‍රකාශයක් එක්ක ම නිශ්ශංකමල්ල කාලිංග සම්බන්ධයක් ගැනත් කියනවා. ඒ කාලයේ අපේ රටේ පැළපදියම් වෙලා හිටිය කාලංග මිනිස්සුන් ගේ උදව් ලබාගන්න ඕන හින්දා නිශ්ශංකමල්ල මේ කතා කියන්න ඇති කියලා රෝහණධීර මහාචාර්යතුමා කියනවා.

ඒ කාරණය මොකක් වුනත් නිශ්ශංකමල්ල ගේ කාම්බෝජ සම්බන්ධය එළිවෙන තවත් කාරණයක් තියෙනවා. එක සෙල්ලිපියකින් නිශ්ශංකමල්ල කියනවා පොළොන්නරුවේ තිබුණු කාම්බෝජ වාසලක් ගැන. මේ විදිහට කියන්නේ පොළොන්නරුවේ කාම්බෝජ මිනිස්සු පැළපදියම් වෙලා හිටපු ප්‍රදේශය කියලා විශ්වාසකරනවා. ඊට අමතර ව, රත්තරන්, ඇඳුම් පැළඳුම් වගේ බොහෝ දේ දීලා කුරුල්ලන් අල්ලන එකෙන් කාම්බෝජ මිනිස්සු වළක්වගන්න තමන් කටයුතු කළා කියලා නිශ්ශංකමල්ල  රුවන්වැලිසෑය ළඟ පිහිටුවපු සෙල්ලිපියෙන් කියනවා. කාම්බෝජ මිනිස්සු අදටත් කුරුල්ලෝ අල්ලගෙන කූඩුවල තියාගෙන ඉඳලා අවුරුද්දට, වෙසක් කාලෙට මූදාහරිනවා. ඒ අය ඒ වැඩේ මෙහෙත් කරගෙන යන්න හදන්න ඇති. ඒත් අපේ සමාජය ඒ වගේ වැඩ අනුමතකරන්නේ නෑ. ඉතින් තමන් ගේ මිනිස්සු ඒ වැඩෙන් ඈත්කරවන්න නිශ්ශංකමල්ලට සිද්දවුනු බව පැහැදිළියි.

කොහොම කොහොම හරි කිසි කරදරයක් නැතිව අවුරුදු නවයක් ම රට පාලනයකරන්න නිශ්ශංකමල්ලට පුළුවන් වුනා. මේක හපන්කමක් වෙන්නේ මහා පරාක්‍රමබාහු රජතුමාට පස්සේ ක්‍රිස්තු වර්ෂ 1186 දී බලයට ආපු බෑනා – ඒ කියන්නේ, දෙවැනි විජයබාහු රජතුමා රට පාලනය කළේ එක් අවුරුද්දකුත් ඔහු ව ඝාතනය කරලා බලයට ආපු 6 වැනි මහින්ද රජතුමා රට පාලනය කළේ දවස් පහකුත් වුන හින්දා. ඒත් 6 වැනි මහින්ද පරලොව යවලා බලයට ආපු නිශ්ශංකමල්ලට එහෙම කරදයක් වුනේ නෑ. මේ රටේ රජවෙන්න පුළුවන් බෞද්ධයකුට විතරක් කියලාත් එතුමා තමන් ගේ එක සෙල්ලිපියකින් කිව්වා. ඒත් එතුමා ගේ පුතා රට පාලනය කළේ එක රැයක් විතරයි. කලින් දවසේ රෑ ඔටුන්න පැළැඳගත්ත පළමුවැනි වීරබාහු රජතුමා ව පහුවදා එළිය වැටෙද්දි ඝාතනය කෙරුනා!

මේ ලිපියෙන් කියන්නේ අග්නිදිග ආසියාතික රටවල් එක්ක අපි පවත්වපු විවිධාකාර සම්බන්ධකම් ගැන. යුරෝපීය රටවල් තුනකට යටත්වුනු හින්දා ඒ පැත්තත් එක්ක අපේ තිබුණු සම්බන්ධකම් ඉතිහාසයට එකතුවෙලා තියෙන බව ඇත්ත. දැන් අපේ ඔළුව හැරෙන්නේ බටහිර පැත්තට විතරයි. මේ බෙල්ලේ අමාරුව සනීප කරගන්න අපිට තව සෑහෙන කාලයක් ගතවෙයි. මේ පෙරදිගට යන ගමන වලිගෙන් මුහුද ඉහින්න හදපු ලේන අම්මා කරපු වැඩේ වගේ කියලා කිට හරි කියන්න පුළුවන්. ඒත් එහෙම කිව්වාට අධෛර්යමත් වෙන්න බෑ. කරන්න ඕන දේ, කරන්න පුළුවන් දේ කරන්න ඕන.

කාලිංග මාඝයා ගේ කුරිරුකම් හින්දා පොළොන්නරු රාජධානිය අවසන් වුනත් ථෙරවාදී කලාපයත් එක්ක තිබුණු අපේ සම්බන්ධකම් අවසන් වුනේ නෑ. ක්‍රිස්තු වර්ෂ 1347 – 1380 කාලයේ දී සුඛෝදයේ රජවුනු ලිද්‍යෙය ධම්මරාජ රජතුමා ගේ  කාලයේ දී ලියැවුනා කියලා විශ්වාසකරන සෙල්ලිපියක තියෙනවා ශ්‍රී ශ්‍රද්ධා රාජ චූලමනී ශ්‍රී රතන ලංකාදීප මහා ස්වාමි කියලා ස්ථවිරයන්වහන්සේ නමක් ගැන විස්තරයක්. රාම් කම් හැං රජතුමා ගේ පියාණන්ට – ඒ කියන්නේ ශ්‍රී ඉන්ද්‍රාදිත්‍ය රජතුමාට සුඛෝදය රාජධානිය පිහිටුවන්න උදව්කරලා තියෙනවා පා මුවන් කියලා පුද්ගලයෙක්. මේ සෙල්ලිපියෙන් කියන විදිහට ලංකාදීප මහා ස්ථවිරයන්වහන්සේ කියන්නේ පා මුවන් ගේ මුණුපුරා. රාජකීය පිළි අත් හැරලා පැවැදි දිවියට එකතුවුනු කෙනෙක් විදිහට තමයි උන්වහන්සේ ව හදුන්වලා දීලා තියෙන්නේ. අපේ රටට වැඩම කරපු උන්වහන්සේ අනුරාධපුර, පොළොන්නරුව වගේ තැන්වල තිබුණු පූජනීය ස්ථාන වැඳපුදාගෙන තියෙනවා. මහියංගනය චෛත්‍යය ප්‍රතිසංස්කරණය කරන්න පවා උන්වහන්සේ මුල්වෙලා තියෙනවා. ඉතින් බෝසත්වරයකුට වගේ උන්වහන්සේට සළකන්න ලංකාවාසීන් පෙළඹුනාලු. දන්ත ධාතුන්වහන්සේ දෝතට සහ හිසට වඩමවාගැනීමේ භාග්‍යයත් උන්වහන්සේට හිමිවුනාලු!

මහා රතන ධාතුව හොයාගෙන ලංකාවට ආපු කුමාරයා ගැන කතාව, උදුම්බර මහා ස්වාමි ගැන කතාව, සුමන ස්ථවිරයන් ගැන කතාව වගේ තව කියන්න තියෙන දේවල් නම් එමටයි. ඒත් ඒ හැම දෙයක් ගැන ම කියන්න අදහසක් නෑ. මේ සම්බන්ධකම් ගැන යම් අදහසක් ඇති කරගන්න පුළුවන් නම් ඒ ඇති.

වරුණ චන්ද්‍රකීර්ති෴

ජවිපෙ සටන් පෙරමුණේ නායකයින්ට රත්මලානේදී වෙඩි පිට වෙඩි

July 17th, 2016

ධර්මන් වික්‍රමරත්න         

 ජවිපෙ 2වැනි කැරැල්ල මැද භාගයේදී එනම් 1988දී මෙහෙයවන ලද කම්කරු සහ ශිෂ්‍ය සටන් ජනතාවගෙන් දුරස්වූ සටන් ක්‍රියාමාර්ග බවට පසුව පත්විය. ප්‍රවාහන වැනි අතවශ්‍ය සේවා වැඩවර්ජනය කැඳවීම නිසා ඇතිවූ අපහසුතාව ප්‍රබල විය. බලහත්කාරයෙන් තුවක්කු කටින් ලංගම සේවකයින් බස් වැඩ වර්ජනයට කැඳවීම මගින් ජනතාව අපහසුතාවට පත්කිරීමට අමතරව ලංගම සේවකයින් වෙත ඔවුනට එරෙහිව බලය යෙදීම පසුව බරපතල හානි ගෙනදුන්නේය. ජවිපෙ සංවිධාන සහ මතවාදී කේෂේත්‍රයන්හි සැලකිය යුතු ජයග්‍රහණයක් ඒවනවිට ලබාගෙන තිබුණද ඒ පිළිබඳව නිවැරදි තක්සේරුවක් හෝ විග්‍රහයක් කරගැනීමට අපොහොසත් විය.

Dharman Wickremaratne2ධර්මන් වික්‍රමරත්න විසිනි.

ජවිපෙ ජාතික කම්කරු සටන් මධ්‍යස්ථානය මගින් 1988 නොවැම්බර් 7වැනිදා සමස්ථ මහා වැඩ වර්ජනයක් බලහත්කාරයෙන් අරඹනු ලැබීය. රජයේ තර්ජන ගර්ජන සහ මර්ධන නීතිරීති බිඳ හෙළමින් මෙම වර්ජනය හම්බන්තොට, අම්පාර, ත්‍රිකුණාමලය, මාතලේ, බදුල්ල, පොළොන්නරුව, අනුරාධපුරය, මොණරාගල වැනි දිස්ත්‍රික්ක දක්වා පැතිර ගොස් තිබිණි. සෞඛ්‍ය, ජල සම්පාදන සහ විදුලිය වර්ජනයෙන් මුදවා හැර තිබිණි. මෙය වෘත්තීය කරුණු පදනම් කරගත් වර්ජනයක් නොව ඉන්දු ලංකා ගිවිසුම අහෝසි කිරිම, ඉන්දීය ආක්‍රමණික හමුදා රටින් පිටකිරිම, පාර්ලිමේන්තුව විසුරුවා හැර භාරකාර රජයක් යටතේ ජනාධිපතිවරණයක් පැවැත්වීම ඇතුළු ඉල්ලීම් කිහිපයක් මුල්කරගෙන පැවැත්වූවකි. සියළු අධ්‍යාපනික ආයතන, රජයේ සහ පෞද්ගලික බැංකු, පෞද්ගලික අංශයේ ව්‍යාපාර බහුතරයම වාගේ වර්ජනයට එක්වී සිටි අතර රජය එය නතරකිරීමට යුධ නීතිය පැනවූ තත්ත්වයකට සමාන අයුරින් ආරක්ෂක අංශ යොදා කටයුුතු කළේය.

මේ අතරතුර දකුණු කොළඹ ප්‍රාදේශීය ගමනාගමන මණ්ඩලය සහ ඩිපෝ කිහිපයක සේවක පිරිස් ජවිපෙ ජාතික කම්කරු සටන් මධ්‍යස්ථානයේ අදිසි නායකත්වයෙන් වසර ගණනාවක සිට ලැබිය යුතු ඉල්ලීම් කිහිපයක් ඉදිරිපත් කරමින් වර්ජනයක් දියත් කළේය. එයට නාමික නායකත්වය දෙනු ලැබු‍වේ ලංකා ගමනාගමන සේවක සමිතිය වන අතර ප්‍රථම වරට 1988 නොවැම්බර් 1වැනිදා වර්ජනයට එක්වූයේ කැස්බෑව සහ හොරණ ඩිපෝවල සියළු සේවකයින්ය. රත්මලාන, මොරටුව, කටුබැද්ද ඩිපෝවල සියළුම සේවකයෝද 1988 නොවැම්බර් 2වැනිදා එම වර්ජනයට එක්විය. අනෙකුත් ඩිපෝවලටද වර්ජනය පැතිර යමින් තිබිණි. මින් ඉල්ලීම් කිහිපයක් ලබාදී වර්ජනය සමථයකට පත්කිරීමට රජය සමත් විය.

එම වර්ජනය ඇතුළු රත්මලාන ප්‍රදේශයේ කම්කරු වැඩ වර්ජන ගණනාවක්ද කොළඹ දිස්ත්‍රික්කයේද ජවිපෙ කම්කරු සටන් මධ්‍යස්ථානයේ ඉහළ පෙළේ සියළු මෙහෙයුම් කටයුතුද සිදු කෙරුණේ රත්මලානේ  ලහිරු ට්‍රේඩ් සෙන්ටර්හිදීය. එය මෙහෙය වූයේ ජවිපෙ මධ්‍යම කාරක සභිකයෙකුවූ ප්‍රේමචන්ද්‍ර මුණසිංහය. අකුරැස්ස ඇල්ගිරියේ උපන් මුණසිංහ දෙණියාය මහා විද්‍යාලයෙන් අධ්‍යාපනය ලැබිය. පවුලේ සොයුරු සොහොයුරියන් 6කි. ඇල්ගිරියේ මුණසිංහ, ජයතිලක, අජන්ත සහ වික්‍රම ලෙසද හැදින්වූ ඔහු 1969 ජවිපෙට පූර්ණ කාලීනව එක්වූ අතර 1971 අප්‍රේල් කැරැල්ලට දෙනියාය ප්‍රදේශයෙන් ක්‍රියාකාරීව එක්විය. කැරැල්ලේ පරාජයෙන් පසුව සිංහරාජ අඩවියට දෙනියාය ප්‍රාදේශීය කමිටුවේ ලේකම් ජයතිස්සගේ නායකත්වයෙන් පසුබැස ගිය මුණසිංහ පසුව ආරක්ෂක හමුදා අත්අඩංගුවට පත්විය. ජයතිස්සද 1971 මැයි 31 හමුදා වෙඩි ප්‍රහාරයකින් සිංහරාජ අඩවියේදී මියගොස් තිබිණි. පොලිස් අත්අඩංගුවට පත්වීමේදී දරුණු පහරදීම් හේතුවෙන් මුණසිංහ පසුකළෙක ශරීරාබාධයකටද ලක්ව තිබිණි. අත්අඩංගුවට ගෙන විරවිල එළිමහන් කඳවුරේ සිටියදී 1972 මැයි 8වැනිදා ඥානේ මල්ලි, කෑගල්ලේ ධනපාල, කැප්ටන් සෙනෙවි ඇතුළු පිරිසක් සමඟ මුණසිංහ පැනගිය අතර පසුව 1972 නොවැම්බර් 14වැනිදා යළි ඔහු අත්අඩංගුවට ගනු ලැබීය. පසුව 1976 නොවැම්බර් 2වැනිදා නිදහස ලැබීමෙන් පසු ජවිපෙට යළිත් පූර්ණකාලීනව එක්වී මාතර දිස්ත්‍රික් නායකයා විය. පසුව නුවරඑළිය දිස්ත්‍රික් ලේකම්වරයාදවූ මුණසිංහ ජවිපෙ 2වැනි කැරැල්ලේදී ජාතික කම්කරු සටන් මධ්‍යස්ථානයේ ප්‍රධානතම  නායකයෙකුද විය.

dharman17071602ආණ්ඩුවේ ආරක්ෂක හමුදාව සමඟ එක්ව ප්‍රා සංවිධානය විසින් රත්මලානේදී 1988 නොවැම්බර් 18වැනිදා ඝාතනය කරන ලද ජවිපෙ මධ්‍යම කාරක සභික සහ කම්කරු සටන් කමිටු ප්‍රධාන නායකයෙකුවූ ප්‍රේමචන්ද්‍ර මුණසිංහ, එදිනම එම ස්ථානයේදිම ඝාතනයට ලක්වූ ලහිරු ට්‍රේඩ් සෙන්ටර්හි කළමණාකරු අංගොඩ පදිංචි සරත් පෙරේරා, රාජගිරියේදී 1989 අගෝස්තු 24 පැහැරගෙන ගොස් ඝාතනය කරන ලද රාජගිරිය ජනාධිපති විදුහලේ උපාධිධාරි ගුරුවරයෙකුවන මාතර තල්පාවිල උපන් රත්මලානේ පදිංචි ටී. ඩබ්ලිව්. කේ දයාරත්න,  රත්මලාන ලහිරු ට්‍රේඩ් සෙන්ටර් හිමිකරුවූ රාජගිරියේ පදිංචි රංජිත් දිසානායක නොහොත් කළු රංජි, රත්මලාන ලංගම ඩිපෝවේ ඉදිරිපිටදී 1989 ජුලි 5 ඝාතනය කල ලංගම ජවිපෙ සටන් කමිටු නායකයෙකුවූ පිළියන්දල සුවාරපොල පදිංචි කේ. කේ. සිල්වා සහ රත්මලානේදී ඝාතනයකල සිල්වාගේ අවමඟුලට 1989 ජුලි 10වැනිදා සහභාගිවීමේදී අත්අඩංගුවට ගෙන ඝාතනයට ලක්වූ කළුබෝවිල විදුහලේ උසස් පෙළ සිසු අජිත් කුමාර(ඉහළ වමේ සිට)

එජාප අණ්ඩුව 1982 ඡනමත විචාරණයෙන් පැරදුනු මැතිවරණ ආසන 18ක් සඳහා අතුරු ඡන්ද පැවැත්වූ අතර ඉන් රත්ගම, දෙවිනුවර, කඹුරුපිටිය, තංගල්ල, බෙලිඅත්ත යන ආසන 5ට තරග කිරීමට ජවිපෙ ගත් තීරණය අනුව කඹුරුපිටිය ආසනයට තරඟ කළේ ප්‍රේමචන්ද්‍ර මුණසිංහය. සෙසු ආසනවූ බෙලිඅත්තට ආරියසේන ඊශ්වරගේද, තංගල්ලට විජිත රණවීරද, රත්ගමට වෛද්‍ය කේ.එස්. එන්. ප්‍රනාන්දුද, දෙවිනුවරට ජයන්ත ගුණතිලකද ඒ අනුව තරඟ කරන ලදී. ජවිපෙ අධ්‍යාපන කඳවුරුවලදී පැරණි වමේ ඉතිහාසය පිළිබඳව ඔහු විසින් පැවැත්වූ පන්ති බෙහෙවින් ජනප්‍රිය විය.

මුණසිංහ අවාහ වූයේ දෙණියායේ උපන් කුසුමා බුද්ධිකෝරාල සමඟය. එම යුවලක එක් දරුවෙකි. මාතර දිස්ත්‍රික් ජවිපෙ කලක් නායිකාව වූ කුසුමා ජවිපෙ රැස්වීම්වලදී කථාකල ජනප්‍රියතම කථිකයෙකු වූ අතර මාතර දිස්ත්‍රික් ජවිපෙ නායිකාව මෙන්ම සමාජවාදී කාන්තා සංගමයේ ජාතික කමිටුවේ මුල්පෙළේ නායිකාවක්ද විය.  ජවිපෙ අධ්‍යාපන කඳවුරුද මෙහෙයවු ඇය ජවිපෙ මෙතක් සිටි සාමාජිකාවන් අතර දැනුමෙන් සහ ක්‍රියාකාරිත්වයෙන් මුල්තැන ගත් කිහිපදෙනා අතර විය. කුසුමා 1971 අප්‍රේල් කැරැල්ලටද ක්‍රියාකාරිව එක්වූ අතර කැරැල්ලේ පරාජයෙන් පසු ගාන්ධි නායකත්වය දුන් මිරිගම බල්ලපාන කඳවුරේ සිටි එකම කාන්තා කැරළිකාරියද වූවාය. කඳවුර විසුරුවා පසුබැසීමේදී අත්අඩංගුවට ගත් ඇය මීගමුව බන්ධනාගාරයට ගෙන ආවේය. විජේවීරගේ ලොකු දියණිය දසුන් නිසා 1981 ජනවාරි 12 සොයිසා කාන්තා රෝහලේදී සහ දෙවන දියණිය සුපුන් ඡයා 1982 අප්‍රේල් 5වැනිදා සොයියා රෝහලේදී උපත ලබන විටද විජේවීරගේ බිරිඳ චිත්‍රාංගනී ප්‍රනාන්දුට සහායවීමට සිටියේ ඇයය. බදුල්ලේදී 1989 මැද භාගයේදී කුසුමා අත්අඩංගුවට ගත් අතර පසුව නිදහස් වූ අතර රත්නපුරයේ ජීවත්වන ඇයගේ එකම දරුවාවන පුත්‍රයා වර්තමානයේ දකුණු කොරියාවේ රැකියාවක නිරත වේ.

dharman17071603ජවිපෙ මෙහෙයවූ 1989 ජුනි 12 සිට ජුලි 13 දක්වා මසක් පැවති ලංගම මහා බස් වැඩ වර්ජනයේදී පෞද්ගලික වෑන් රථයක් මගීන් පටවාගෙන පාලමකින් ගමන් කල අන්දම(වම), හමුදා ආරක්ෂාව යටතේ ධාවනය වූ බස් රථයක වහල උඩ පවා ගමන් කරන මගීන්(දකුණ උඩ) සහ හමුදා ආරක්ෂාව යටතේ ධාවනය වු දුම්රියට ප්‍රවේශපත්‍ර ලබාගැනීමට කොටුව දුම්රියපොළ ඉදිරිපිට මගී පෝලිමේ දසුනක්(දකුණ පහළ). මෙම වැඩ වර්ජනයෙන් සිය සේවා ස්ථානවලට යෑමට බොහෝ ජනයාට දිනකට කිලෝමීටර් තිස් හතලිස් ගණන් පයින් යෑමට සිදුවිය.

රත්මලාන සහ ඒ අවට කලාපය තුළ ප්‍රධාන මෙහෙයුම් ගණනාවක් ජවිපෙ සංවිධානය කළ අතර ඉන් බොහෝමයක් සැලසුම් කිරීමේ සහ මෙහෙයුම් සාකච්ඡා පවත්වන ලද්දේ මෙම ලහිරු ට්‍රේඩ් සෙන්ටර් ආයතනයේය. රත්මලාන ගුවන් කඳවුර සහ ආරක්ෂක පීඨයට 1987 ජුනි 6වැනිදා එල්ලකල ප්‍රහාරයට මූලික සාකච්ඡාද මෙහි පැවැත්විණි. යාපනය සහ ත්‍රිකුණාමලයේ සිට රත්මලාන ගුවන්තොටුපොලට පැමිණෙන ඉන්දීය හමුදාවේ ජේෂ්ඨ නිලධාරින්ට ආරක්ෂාව සැපයීම සඳහා ඉන්දීය හමුදා එහි රඳවාගෙන සිටින අවස්ථාවක ප්‍රහාරයක් එල්ල කිරීමට ජවිපෙ සැලසුම් කළද එය සාර්ථක නොවූයේ ඉන්දීය සෙබළුන් එහි නැති බවට අරක්ෂක අමාත්‍යාංශයේ ඒකාබද්ධ හමුදා මෙහෙයුම් අංශය 1988 නොවැම්බර් මස 10වැනිදා ශ්‍රී ලංකීය මාධ්‍යවේදීන් පිරිසක් එහි කැඳවාගෙන ගොස් පෙන්වාදීමෙන් පසුවය.

රත්මලාන ලහිරු ට්‍රේඩ් සෙන්ටර් හි හිමිකරු වූයේ රංජිත් දිසානායක නොහොත් කළු රංජිය. නුගේගොඩදී 1949 දෙසැම්බර් 10 වැනිදා උපන් රංජිත් රාජගිරිය මාදින්නාගොඩ පදිංචිකරුවෙකි. රංජිත්ට රත්මලානේ ලහිරු ට්‍රේඩ් සෙන්ටර් ආරම්භ කිරීමට අදාළ ගොඩනැගිල්ල එහි අයිතිකරුවන දෙහිවල අමදාසගෙන් බදු ලබාගැනීම සම්බන්ධීකරණය කළේ 1971 කැරැල්ලේ 26 වැනි විත්තිකරුවූ නන්එදිරි කෙලී මැගිලියන් සේනානායක නොහොත් කෙලී සේනානායකය. ජවිපෙ යළි 1977න් පසු නඟා සිටුවීමට පුරෝගාමි මෙහෙයක් කල කෙලීට විනය හේතුන් මත ජවිපෙන් 1979දි ඉවත්විමට සිදුවිය. මැදපෙරදිග සහ වෙනත් රටවල සේවය කර ලංකාවට පැමිණෙන ලංකිකයින්ට හිමි තීරුබදු සහනයෙන් කොල්ලුපිටියේ එවකට පිහිටි වෙළෙඳ සංකීර්ණයෙන් මිලදී ගන්නා විදුලි උපකරණ, ශීතකරන ඇතුළු විදුලි භාණ්ඩ අළෙවිකරන ස්ථානයක් වශයෙන් ලහිරු ට්‍රේඩ් සෙන්ටර් රංජිත් විසින් ආරම්භ කළේ 1985 සැප්තැම්බර් මසදීය.

කලක් තර්ස්ටන් විදුහලේද අධ්‍යාපනය ලත් රංජිත් දිසානායක පන්නිපිටිය ධර්මපාල විදුහලේ අධ්‍යාපනය ලබමින් සිටියදී 1970 අවසාන භාගයේදී ජවිපෙට එක්විය.  සොයුරු සොහොයුරියන් 6 දෙනෙකුගෙන් යුත් පවුලක වැඩිමලා වූයේ රංජිත්ය. ජවිපෙට කීර්ති විජේසිංහ හරහා එක්වූ රංජිත්ට 71 කැරැල්ලේදී භාරව තිබුණේ විජේවීර නිදහස් කරගැනීමට යාපනයට යාම සඳහා විනෝද චාරිකාවක් මුවාවෙන් බස්රථයක් ශිෂ්‍ය අංශයේ නායක එස්. වී.ඒ. පියතිලකගේ උපදෙස් පරිදි ඊබට් සිල්වා ආයතනයෙන් වෙන්කර ගැනීම සහ 1971 අප්‍රේල් 5වැනිදා පනාගොඩ හමුදා කඳවුර ප්‍රහාරක කණ්ඩායමට එක්වීමය. බස්රථය 1971 මාර්තු 28වැනිදා වෙන්කරගත් රංජිත් විසින් 1971 අප්‍රේල් 5වැනිදා අළුයම සුනිල් රත්නසිරි සහ ඩැනියල් විසින් සපයන ලද 50ක පමණ කණ්ඩායම සමගින් කොළඹ ටවුන්හෝල් අසලදී එම බස්රථය යාපනයට යෑම සඳහා කණ්ඩායමේ නායක සැම්සන් සිරිපාලට භාරදෙනු ලැබීය. සැම්සන්ට පිරිස සමගින් බස්රථය බාරදුන් රංජිත් 1971 අප්‍රේල් 5වැනිදා පනාගොඩ හමුදා කඳවුර යටත්කරගැනීම සඳහා ප්‍රහාරයට යන කණ්ඩායමට එක්වූවද ලක්ෂ්මන් චන්ද්‍රසේන ප්‍රනාන්දු නොහොත් කළු ලකී එදින උදෑසන ප්‍රකාශකර ඇත්තේ කිහිප දෙනෙකු හසුවූ බැවින් ප්‍රහාරය නතරකල අතර ආරක්ෂිතව පසු බසින ලෙසය.

dharman17071604රත්මලාන ලංගම ඩිපෝවේ සටන් නායක සිල්වාගේ අවමඟුල 1989 ජුලි 10 පිළියන්දල පැවති අවස්ථාවේදී එයට සහභාගිවීම නිසා ආරක්ෂක හමුදා අත්අඩංගුවට ගත් මොරටු සහ ජයවර්ධනපුර සරසවියේ සිසුන් 11, පාසැල් සිසුන් 3ක් ඇතුළු 17දෙනෙකු අතරින් කිහිපදෙනෙක් දෙහිවල පොලිසියේ රඳවාගෙන සිටි අවස්ථාව.

හැත්තෑ එකේ කැරැල්ලෙන් කලකට පසුව මොරටුවේදී පොලිස් අත්අඩංගුවට පත් රංජිත් ගල්කිස්ස පොලිසියට ගෙන ඒමෙන් පසු රිමාන්ඩ් භාරයට පත්විය. වසර 6ක සිර දඬුවමකින් පසු පොදු සමාව යටතේ 1977 නිදහස්වූ රංජිත් දුෂ්කර තත්ත්වයන් යටතේ සුළු ව්‍යාපාරයක් පවත්වාගෙන ගිය අතර රත්මලානේ ලහිරු ට්‍රේඩ් සෙන්ටර් ඇරඹුණේ 1985දීය. එය දියුණුවෙන් දියුණුවට පත්වූයේ නව කළමණාකරුවෙකු වශයෙන් සරත් පෙරේරා 1986 දෙසැම්බර් පත්වීමත් සමඟය.

ලහිරු ට්‍රේඩ් සෙන්ටර්හි කළමණාකරු ලෙස සරත් පත්කරන්නේ එහි හිමිකරුවූ රංජිත්ට අහඹු හමුවීමක ප්‍රතිඵලයක් වශයෙන් හඳුනාගැනීමට හැකිවූ සරත්ගේ අවංකත්වය සහ කැපවීම පිළිබඳව පැහැදීමකින් පසුවය. අංගොඩ වල්පොල කොටිගල මාවතේ පදිංචි රාජපක්ෂ පතිරගේ සරත් පෙරේරා උපන්නේ 1956 අගෝස්තු 23වැනිදාය. ඔහුගේ පියා කොළඹ කොමර්ෂල් සමාගමේ වැඩ පරික්ෂකයෙකුවූ පියදාස වූ අතර මව කල්‍යාණිය. පවුලේ දරුවන් දෙදෙනෙකුවූ අතර වැඩිමලා සරත්වූ අතර බාලයා ප්‍රේමලාල් ධර්මසේන විය. තලංගම සිරිසුමේධ මහා විද්‍යාලයෙන් අධ්‍යාපනය ලත් සරත් මොරටුව සර්වෝදය මූලස්ථානයේ තාක්ෂණික සහායකයෙක් ලෙස සේවය කර 1982 සෞදියේ හෝටලයක සේවයේ නිරත විය. ඔහු දක්ෂ පාපැදි සූරයෙකි.

සරත් පෙරේරා 1982 මැදපෙරදිග ගිය විට එහි ජවිපෙ කටයුතුවලට සම්බන්ධ වූයේ සෞදියේ ඇරම්කෝ සමාගමේ හෙද නිලධාරියෙකුවූ රංජිත් ඇතුළු පිරිස මගිනි. අවිවාහකයෙකුවූ සරත් පෙරේරා 1986 අවසාන භාගයේ යළි ශ්‍රී ලංකාවට පැමිණීමෙන් පසු රංජිත්ගේ ඉල්ලීම පරිදි ලහිරු ට්‍රේඩ් සෙන්ටර්හි කළමණාකරු විය. මාසික වැටුප රුපියල් 10,000කි. කළමණාකරුවූ සරත් නැවතී සිටියේද රත්මලානේ එම ව්‍යාපාරික ස්ථානයේදීමය. එහි අළෙවි විධායක වූයේ බදුල්ලේ රංජිත් රත්නායකය. ඔහුගේ වැඩිමහල් සොහොයුරා වූයේ බදුල්ලේ පුරවැසි සමාජ ක්‍රියාකාරි මානෙල් රත්නායකය. එමෙන්ම මස්සිනා වූයේද ප්‍රවීන ඉංග්‍රීසි කථිකාචාර්ය පාලිත ශාම්දාස් සොලමන්ස්ය. මානෙල් සහ පාලිත 1971 කැරළිකරුවන් 67ක් එක්වී 1977 දෙසැම්බර් 12වැනිදා වැල්ලවත්තේදී ආරම්භකල  ජනතා සංගමයේ සමාරම්භකයින්ද විය.

dharman17071605ජවිපෙ කම්කරු සටන් කමිටුවේ මුල්පෙළේ ක්‍රියාකාරිකයෙකුව සිටියදී 1988 නොවැම්බර් 2වැනිදා වදුරාමුල්ලේදි ඝාතනයට ලක්වූ ඔරුවල වානේ සංස්ථාවේ යන්ත්‍රාගාර සේවකයෙකුවූ  සිසිර සරත්චන්ද්‍රගේ දේහය වානේ සංස්ථාවේ මහජන ගෞරවය සඳහා තබා තිබූ අයුරු. කොටුවේ ඡායාරූපයෙන් දිස්වන්නේ සිසිර සරත්චන්ද්‍රය.

ජවිපෙ කම්කරු සටන් මධ්‍යස්ථානයේ ප්‍රබල ක්‍රියාකාරිකයින් සහ සාමාජිකයින් කිහිප දෙනෙක්ම ආරක්ෂක හමුදා මගින් ඝාතනයට ලක්විය. ඔවුහු බොහෝ දෙනා රත්මලාන ලහිරු ට්‍රේඩ් සෙන්ටර් වෙත නිතර ආගිය අය වෙති. ඔරුවල වානේ කම්හලේ විරෝධතා ව්‍යාපාරවලට නායකත්වය දුන් කේ.පී.ඒ සිසිර සරත්චන්ද්‍ර 1988 නොවැම්බර් 2වැනිදා නවගමුව පොලිස් වසමේ වදුරාමුල්ලේදී  ලාන්සර් මෝටර් රථයකින් පැමිණි තිදෙනෙකු විසින් හිසට වෙඩිතබා ඝාතනය කරන ලදී. ඔහුගේ මස්සිනාවූ බෙන්තර බඩල්ගේ සුරේන්ද්‍ර ජයලත් විසින් හෝමාගම දිසා විනිසුරු ආර්. සී. හෑගොඩ ඉදිරියේ සිරුර හඳුනාගන්නා ලදී. වානේ සංස්ථාවේ සුභසාධක සමිතියේද ක්‍රියාකාරිකයෙකුවූ සිසිරගේ සිරුර අවසන් ගෞරවය සඳහා සංස්ථා භූමියටද ගෙනවිත් තිබිණි. මෙයට පෙර කොළඹ වෛද්‍ය සිසු පද්මසිරි ත්‍රීමාවිතාරණ සමඟ 1988 ඔක්තෝබර් 20වැනිදා රත්නපුරේදී ඝාතනයට ලක්වු තිදෙනා අතර සිටි රංජිත් පෙරේරාද ඔරුවල වානේ සංස්ථාවේ සේවකයකි.

බස් වැඩ වර්ජනය ඇතුළු රත්මලාන ප්‍රදේශයේ සියළු කම්කරු සටන් සැලසුම් කල ලහිරු ට්‍රේඩ් සෙන්ටර්හි එවැනි වැඩසටහන් ක්‍රියාත්මක වන බවට හිමිකරු රංජිත් දිසානායක දැනනොසිටි බව කියති. ආයතනය අතිශයින් දියුණු තත්ත්වයට පත්වීම පිළිබඳව සතුටුවූ ඔහු කළමණාකරුගේ අවංකභාවයද ඉහළින්ම අගය කළේය. එහි කළමණාකරු සරත් සමඟ ජවිපෙ සම්බන්ධතා ගොඩනඟා ගන්නේ 1987 ජනවාරි මාසයේදීය. ඒ රත්මලානේ චකින්ද්‍රාරාම පාරේ නවාතැන්ගෙන සිටි තල්පාවිල විදාන කංකානම්ගේ දයාරත්න මගිනි. දයා ඉස්කෝලේ මහත්තයා ලෙස ජනප්‍රිය වූ ඔහු කැලණි සරසවියේ 1974/75 කණ්ඩායමේ උපාධිධාරියෙකි. දයාරත්නගේ සරසවි සමකාලීනයින් අතර වර්තමාන ජනාධිපති ලේකම් පී.බී අබේකෝන්, හිටපු නියෝජ්‍ය පොලිස්පති සිරිසේන හේරත් ඇතුළු කිහිප දෙනෙක්ම විය. රාජගිරිය ජනාධිපති විදුහලේ ආර්ථික විද්‍යා ගුරුවරයෙකුවූ දයාරත්න දික්වැල්ල විජිත විද්‍යාලයේ ආදි ශිෂ්‍යයෙකි. ගුරු වෘත්තියට අමතරව මෝටර් රථ මිලදීගෙන අළෙවි කිරීමේ අර්ධ කාලීන කටයුත්තකද යෙදුණු දයාරත්න සිය වාහනය වූ එල්ෆ් ඉසුසු රථයද ජවිපෙ වැඩකටයුතු සඳහා ලබාදුන් අයෙකි. රථයේ රියදුරාවූයේ නන්දනය.

dharman17071606වෙඩිතැබීමෙන් බරපතල තුවාල ලැබීමෙන් රෝහල් ගතකල රත්මලානේ ලහිරු ට්‍රේඩ් සෙන්ටර්හි අළෙවි විධායක රංජිත් රත්නායක(පසුව සුවපත්වූ ඔහු 2003දී හදිසි අනතුරකින් මිය ගියේය). රංජිත් රත්නායකගේ වැඩිමහල් සොහොයුරාවූ බදුල්ලේ පුරවැසි සමාජ ක්‍රියාකාරි මානෙල් රත්නායක සහ රංජිත් රත්නායකගේ මස්සිනාවූ ප්‍රවීණ ඉංග්‍රීසි කථිකාචාර්ය පාලිත (ශාම්දාස්) සොලමන්ස් මෙහි වමේ සිට වේ.

ලහිරු ට්‍රේඩ් සෙන්ටර් යාබදව සිංහ හාඩ්වෙයාර් එකද තිබූ අතර චකින්ද්‍රාරාම පාරේ පදිංචි දෙදරු පියෙකුවූ ආරියරත්න නොහොත් රතු අයියාගේ නිවසේ දයාරත්න නවාතැන්ගෙන සිටියේය. ආරියරත්න කොළඹ මැනින් මාකට්හි ප්‍රකට එළවළු ව්‍යාපාරිකයෙකි. ප්‍රේමචන්ද්‍ර මුණසිංහගේ උපදෙස් පරිදි රත්මලාන කේන්ද්‍ර කරගෙන ජවිපෙ සටන් මධ්‍යස්ථානයේ කටයුතු කල අය නැවතී සිටියේ සිරිමල් උයනේ ඇනෙක්සියකය. මාසික කුළිය 4,000කි. එහි සිටි ජවිපෙ පූර්ණකාලීනයින් බහුතරය මාතර තල්පාවිල පදිංචිකරුවන්ය.

මාතර තල්පාවිල මුළුමනින්ම වාගේ දුරාව කුළය නියෝජනය කරන ජනකොටසකින් සමන්විත වන අතර තල්පාවිලට ජවිපෙ 1969දී ගෙනආවේ පී.කේ විමලදාසය. 71 කැරැල්ලේදී විමලදාසගේ නිවස ගිනිතැබූ අතර සොහොයුරිය වන කරුණාවතීද අත්අඩංගුවට ගනු ලැබීය. උඩවලවේ අක්කර තුනක පමණ දූපතක් මැද වගා කටයුතුවල නිරත වෙමින් 71 කැරැල්ලේ 40වන කැරළිකරු ඩී.පී විමලගුණේ සහ සොමිපාලද අත්අඩංගුවට ගන්නේ ගාමිණී බාස්ගේ ඔත්තුවක් මත 1971 දෙසැම්බර් මසදීය. පසුකලෙක ජවිපෙන් ඉවත්වූ විමලදාස විදේශ රැකියාවක නිරතවි වර්තමානයේ කිරිබත්ගොඩ මාකොල පදිංචිව සිටී.

වසර 1977න් පසු තල්පාවිල ජවිපෙ ප්‍රචලිත කළේ තල්පාවිල විදානේ කංකානම්ගේ ධර්මසේන නොහොත් තල්පාවිල ධර්මේය. ඔහුගේ පියා චාර්ලිස්ය. මව මාතර වල්පොල සරලීන්ද සිල්වා ජයසිංහය. සුළු ව්‍යාපාරිකයෙකුවූ තල්පාවිල ධර්මේගේ පියාට දරුවන් සිව්දෙනෙකි. පිරිමි අය ධර්මසේන, ජයනන්ද සහ කරුණාපාල වූ අතර දියණිය සීතාය. රුහුණු සරසවියේ උපාධිධාරියෙකුවූ කරුණාපාල වර්තමානයේ විශ්‍රාමික ගුරුවරයෙකි. තල්පාවිල ධර්මේ කෘෂිකර්ම දෙපාර්තමේන්තුවේ ගෘහ නිර්මාණ ශිල්පියෙක් වශයෙන් කටයුතුකල අතර මේසන් සහ වඩුවැඩද දන්නා ඉංග්‍රීසි දැනුමක් ඇති කරාටේ ක්‍රීඩාව ප්‍රගුණකල සංගීතයට ලැදි චිත්‍ර ශිල්පියෙකුද විය. මාතර මැදිවත්ත තාක්ෂණ ආයතනයේ වැඩිදුර අධ්‍යාපනය හැදෑරූ ධර්මසේන වැඩ පරික්ෂකයෙකු ලෙසද පස්ගොඩ කලක් සේවය කළේය. තල්පාවිලට චෙස් ක්‍රීඩාව ගෙනාවේ සහ ජනප්‍රිය කළේ ඔහුය. ජවිපෙ පුර්ණකාලීනයෙකු වශයෙන් 1976 සිට එක්වූ ධර්මසේන තහනමෙන් පසුව මියයන තෙක්ම පූර්ණකාලීනයෙකු විය. ගන්දර, දෙවිනුවර, වලස්මුල්ල, මිද්දෙණිය යන ප්‍රදේශයන්හි ජවිපෙ අධ්‍යාපනික පන්ති පැවැත්වූ ධර්මසේන 80 දශකය මුල්භාගය වනවිට සලාගම සහ නවන්දණ්ඩ කුලවලට අයත් ජනයා බහුතරයක් වෙසෙන කැකැන්දුර ප්‍රදේශවලද ජවිපෙ ප්‍රචලිත කළේය.

dharman17071607ආරක්ෂක හමුදා සහාය ඇතිව අර්ධ මිල්ටරි කණ්ඩායමක්වූ ප්‍රා මගින් ඝාතනය කරන ලද ජවිපෙ කැරළිකරුවෙක්.

ජවිපෙ අරමුදල් තරකර ගැනීම සඳහා සමරප්පුලිගේ සෝමසිරි නොහොත් රාගම සෝමේගේ නායකත්වයෙන් 1984 අගභාගයේදී රෝහණ විජේවීරගේ උපදෙස් පරිදි මුදල් සෙවීමේ කමිටුවේ මාතර දිසාවේ නායකයෙකු වූයේ තල්පාවිල ධර්මසේනය. ගුරු වැටුප් මංකොල්ලයකදී එය සාර්ථකව සිදුකිරීමෙන් අනතුරුව හම්බන්තොට දිස්ත්‍රික්කයේ නෝනාගම වැලිපැටන්වලදී යතුරු පැදියේ යමින් සිටියදී ධර්මසේන සහ මුණි යන දෙදෙනා අම්බලන්තොට පොලිස් අත්අඩංගුවට 1985 මාර්තු පත්වන අතර පොලිස් පහරදීම් වලින් පසු මාතර රෝහළට ඇතුළු කරනවිටත් මියගොස් තිබිණි. එවකට අම්බලන්තොට ප්‍රධාන පොලිස් පරික්ෂක වුයේ ධනපාල නානායක්කාරය. ධර්මසේනගේ අවමඟුල් කටයුතු තල්පාවිල පවුලේ සුසාන භූමියේදී සිදුකල අතර ඒ සඳහා පොලිසිය මගින් අවසර ලබාදුන්නේ වරුවක් පමණි.

රත්මලානේ ප්‍රේමචන්ද්‍ර මුණසිංහගේ නායකත්වය යටතේ ක්‍රියාත්මකවූ බහුතරය තල්පාවිල ධර්මසේන හරහා ජවිපෙට බැදුණු අය වේ. රත්මලානේ සිරිමල් උයනේ නවාතැන් ගෙන සිටි ඔවුහු සැලසුම් සකස් කළේ සහ සාකච්ඡා කළේ රත්මලානේ ලහිරු ට්‍රේඩ් සෙන්ටර්හිදීය. කළමණාකරු සරත් ව්‍යාපාරික කටයුතුවලට බාධාවක් නොවන පරිදි එය සිදුකල අතර ඉහළම ලාභද පෙන්නුවේය. එහෙත් එම ස්ථානයට යාබදව ඇති සිංහ හාඩ්වෙයාර් වෙත නිරතුරුව පැමිණෙන ජවිපෙන් ඉවත්වූ අයෙකු ලහිරු ට්‍රේඩ් සෙන්ටර්හි සිදුවන ජවිපෙ කටයුතු ආරක්ෂක අංශවලට දැනුම් දුන්නේය. ආරක්ෂක අංශ ඉන්පසු එහි දුරකථනය ටැප් කල අතර සම්බන්ධතා තහවුරු විය. පසුව සැඟවී සිට ප්‍රේමචන්ද්‍ර මුණසිංහ ලහිරු ට්‍රේඩ් සෙන්ටර් වෙත 1988 නොවැම්බර් 18වැනිදා පෙරවරු 11.20ට ඇතුල්වන විට සැඟව බලා සිටි ආරක්ෂක අංශ එල්.එස් 30 සුදු පැහැති වෑන් රථයෙන් පැමිණ වෙළෙඳ ස්ථානයේ ඇතුළතට කඩාපැන වෙඩිතබා එහි සිටි සියළුදෙනා ඝාතනය කළහ. පසුව මොරටු දෙසට වෑන්රථය පලා ගියේය.

dharman17071608රත්මලානේදී ඝාතනයට ලක්වූ අයෙකුගේ අවසන් කටයුුතු වලට පෙර ආගමික වතාවත් සිදුකරන අයුරු

ලහිරු ට්‍රේඩ් සෙන්ටර්හි එම ස්ථානයේම ඝාතනයට ලක්වූයේ ජවිපෙ මධ්‍යම කාරක සභික සහ බස් වර්ජනය ඇතුළු කම්කරු සටන් සහ උද්ඝෝෂණ රත්මලාන ඇතුළු කොළඹ දිස්ත්‍රික්කයේ දියත්කල නායකයාවූ ප්‍රේමචන්ද්‍ර මුණසිංහ, ලහිරු ට්‍රේඩ් සෙන්ටර්හි කළමණාකරු අංගොඩ රාජපක්ෂ පතිරගේ සරත් පෙරේරා සහ විදුලි කාර්මිකයෙකුවූ රත්මලානේ පදිංචි ලක්ෂ්මන් කොස්තා යන තිදෙනාය. වෙඩි ප්‍රහාරයෙන් බරපතල තුවාල ලැබූ එහි අළෙවි විධායක බදුල්ලේ රංජිත් රත්නායක රෝහල්ගත කල අතර පසුව සුවපත්වූ ඔහු 2003 හදිසි අනතුරකින් මිය ගියේය. සරත් පෙරේරාගේ සහ ලක්ෂ්මන් කොස්තාගේ දේහයන් අවසන් කටයුතු සඳහා ඔවුන්ගේ පවුලේ අය භාරගත් අතර ජවිපෙ ප්‍රේමචන්ද්‍ර මුණසිංහගේ අවසන් කටයුතු රජයේ මැදිහත්වීමෙන් සිදුකරන ලදී. සිද්ධියෙන් පසු සරත්ගේ සහ ලක්ෂ්මන්ගේ නිවාසද කිහිපවරක් පොලිස් පරික්ෂණවලට ලක්විය. එහෙත් සැකකටයුතු කිසිවක් හමු නොවිණි. අදාළ ලහිරු ට්‍රේඩ් සෙන්ටර් ව්‍යාපාර තුළදී වෙඩි තැබීමෙන් අනතරුව ආරක්ෂක හමුදා භාරයට පත්විය.

මෙම සිද්ධියත් සමඟම එම ව්‍යාපාරයේ හිමිකරු රංජිත් දිසානායක නොහොත් කළු රංජි කිහිප දිනකින්ම ජීවිතාරක්ෂාව තකා සිංගප්පූරුවට පලාගිය අතර පසුව තායිලන්තය, මැලේසියාව, නෙදර්ලන්තය සහ ඉතාලියේ රැකියාවන්හි නිරතවී වසර 8කට පසුව 1996දී ලංකාවට යළි පැමිණියේය. ලියුම්කරු මෙම ලිපිය සැකසීමට රංජිත් දිසානායක ඇතුළු 9 දෙනෙකු සමඟ මුහුණට මුහුණ සාකච්ඡාවන්හි නිරතවූ අතර  පාඨක ඔබ දැන් කියවූ මෙම කථාව එම පාර්ශවයන්ද දැන සිටියේ තමන් සම්බන්ධිත කොටස් පමණි. රංජිත් දිසානායකට මේ පිළිබඳව එකල ඇතමුන් චෝදනා කලද එහි සත්‍යතාවයක් නොමැත. රාවය පුවත්පතේද ප්‍රාදේශීය මාධ්‍යවේදියෙකු ලෙස කලක් කටයුතු කල රංජිත් දිසානායක වර්තමානයේ අගහස් ප්‍රකාශන ආයතනයේ හිමිකරුය. තිදරු පියෙකුවූ රංජිත්ගේ බිරිඳ නීතාය.

ලහිරු ට්‍රේඩ් සෙන්ටර් වෙත නිරතුරුවම පැමිණි කිහිප දෙනෙක් පසුව ඝාතනයට ලක්විය. ඒ අතර රාජගිරිය ජනාධිපති විදුහලේ ගුරුවරයෙකු වශයෙන් සේවය කරමින් සිටි තල්පාවිල ටී. ඩබ්ලිව්. කේ දයාරත්නද පාසැලට පැමිණි ආරක්ෂක අංශ විසින් 1989 අගෝස්තු 24 පැහැරගෙන ගිය අතර පසුව ඝාතනයට ලක්වී තිබිණි. තල්පාවිල පන්සල අසළ කොමියුනිස්ට් පක්ෂ ක්‍රියාකාරිකයෙකුවූ විමලසෝම ජවිපෙ මගින් 1988 අවසානයේදී ඝාතනයට ලක්කල අතර විමලසෝමගේ දරුවන් දෙදෙනා අධ්‍යාපනය ලැබුවේද රාජගිරිය ජනාධිපති විදුහලේදීය. එමෙන්ම රත්මලාන ලහිරු ට්‍රේඩි සෙන්ටර් වෙත පැමිණි ගුරුවරයෙකුවූ අබේරාමද ආරක්ෂක අංශ මගින් ඝාතනයට ලක්වල අතර  ඔහුගේ දරුපවුල ජීවිතාරක්ෂාව පතා විදෙස් ගතවිය. මෙම ස්ථානයට පැමිණි මුල් පෙළේ අය අතර ජවිපෙ සන්නද්ධ නායක සමන් පියසිරි ප්‍රනාන්දු, ඔහුගේ යුධ න්‍යායචාර්ය දයා වන්නිආරච්චි ඇතුළු කිහිපදෙනෙක්ද විය.

ජවිපෙ ඇරඹූ මහා බස් වැඩ වර්ජනයක්ද 1989 ජුනි 12වැනිදා ඌව පළාතේ බදුල්ල ඩිපෝවෙන් ආරම්භ වූ අතර එය ජයග්‍රාහිව නිමාවූයේ 1989 ජුලි 13වැනිදාය. රුපියල් 2,500ක මාසික වැටුප් ඉල්ලා බලහත්කාරයෙන් මෙහෙයවූ බස් වර්ජනය ජයග්‍රාහීව නිමාවන විට ඒ වෙනුවෙන් ඝාතනයට ලක්වූ බස් සේවකයින් සංඛ්‍යාව 137කි. වර්ජන නියෝග නොතැකූ නාරම්මල ඩිපෝවේ රියදුරු පැත්තෑතිගොඩ පදිංචි ආර්.පී කාරුණාතිලක, අවිස්සාවේල්ලේ ඩිපෝවේ රියදුරු ඩී.බී විජේරත්න, කුලියාපිටියෙ ඩිපෝවේ රියදුරු ගිරිඋල්ලේ පදිංචි ඩිංගිරි බණ්ඩා ඇතුළු ලංගම බස් රියදුරන්, කොන්දොස්තරවරුන් සහ නිලධාරින් ඒ අතර විය. ජවිපෙ සහ ආරක්ෂක අංශවල තර්ජනයෙන් බස් සේවකයින් දෙපිරිසෙන්ම බැට කෑ‍වේය. හමුදා ආරක්ෂාව යටතේ සහ හමුදා රියදුරන් මගින් ධාවනය කරන ලද බස් රථවලට වෙඩිතැබිම් සහ බෝම්බ ප්‍රහාර එල්ලකල අතර ඉන්ධනහල් වසා දැමීමටද නියෝග කළේය. බස්රථවල ආරක්ෂාවට දමා සිටි ආරක්ෂක අංශ විසින් අවි පැහැරගැනීම් ගණනාවක්ද සිදුවිය. ජවිපෙ 2වැනි කැරළි සමයේදී කැරළිකරුවන් විසින් ලංගම බස්රථ 509ක් ගිනිතබා අලහභානි කර තිබිණි. තහනම නොතකා ධාවනය කරන ලද රථ වලට හම්බන්තොට ලුණුගම්වෙහෙර පහේ ජනපදය සහ හුංගම ගුරුපොකුණ ප්‍රදේශයේදී බිමි බෝම්බ පිපිරවීමෙන්ද කිහිප දෙනෙකු තුවාල විය. ජනයා සිය සේවා ස්ථානයන්ට සහ අවශ්‍ය ස්ථානයන්ට යෑමට දිනකට කිලෝමීටර් තිස් හතලිස් ගණන් පයින් යෑමට සිදුවිය. බස් වර්ජනය හේතුවෙන් ජවිපෙ 2වැනි කැරැල්ල ජනතාවගේ වේගවත් කලකිරීමට ප්‍රධාන හේතුන් අතර විය.

එම මහා බස් වැඩ වර්ජනයට නායකත්වය දුන් රත්මලාන ජවිපෙ කම්කරු සටන් මධ්‍යස්ථානයේ නායකයින්වූ කේ.කේ සිල්වා සහ ඇක්මන් රණතුංගද මහා බස් වැඩ වර්ජනය නිමවීමට පෙර 1989 ජුලි 5වැනිදා පෙරවරු 9ට පමණ රත්මලාන ඩිපෝව ඉදිරිපිට රොලෙක්ස් හෝටලය අසළ මහමගදී ඝාතනයට ලක්විය. එය සිදුකර තිබුණේද සුදු පැහැති අංක රහිත හයියස් වෑන් රථයකින් ආරක්ෂක අංශ සමඟ පැමිණි අර්ධ මිල්ටරි කණ්ඩායමක් මගිනි. එම ස්ථානයේදීම කේ.කේ සිල්වා මියගිය අතර ඇක්මන් රණතුංග මියගියේ කළුබෝවිල රෝහළේදීය. එම දේහයන් 1989 ජුලි 9වැනිදා ඥාතීන් වෙත භාරදෙනු ලැබුවේ  ජුලි 10වැනිදා පෙරවරු 10ට පෙර අවසන් කටයුතු සිදුකරන ලෙසට පොලිසිය මගින් කල දැනුම්දීමක් සමඟය. ඇක්මන් රණතුංගගේ අවසන් කටයුතු ජාඇල පිහිටි ඔහුගේ බිරිඳගේ මහගෙදරදී සිදුකල අතර කේ.කේ සිල්වාගේ අවසන් කටයුුතු පිළියන්දල සුවාරපොල දෙමාපියන්ගේ නිවසේදී සිදුකරන 1989 ජුලි 10වැනිදා සිදුකරන ලදී.

පිළියන්දල සිල්වාගේ අවසන් කටයුතු 1989 ජුලි 10දා පෙරවරුවේ සිදුකල අතර එයට සහභාගිවූ පිරිස අතරින් මොරටු සහ ජයවර්ධනපුර සරසවියේ සිසුන් 11ක් පාසැල් සිසුන් 3ක් ඇතුළු 17දෙනෙකු ආරක්ෂක හමුදා මගින් අත්අඩංගුවට ගනු ලැබීය.  පසුව ඔවුහු කැස්බෑව මහේස්ත්‍රාත්තුමියගේ රඳවාගැනීමේ නියෝගයක් අනුව දෙහිවල පොලිසියේ රඳවා තබාගන්නා ලදී. අනතුරුව කොළඹ, වැලිකන්ද, මැද්දේගොඩ සහ බූස්ස හමුදා කඳවුරුවල මාස 6ක් පමණ රඳවාගෙන ත්‍රස්තවාදය වැලැක්වීමේ පනත යටතේ පානදුර මහාධිකරණයේ නඩු පවරනු ලැබීය. ඒ වන විට 12වැනි විත්තිකරුවූ කළුබෝවිල විදුහලේ උසස්පෙළ  සිසු අජිත් කුමාර අධිකරණයට ඉදිරිපත් නොකිරීම සම්බන්ධයෙන් ප්‍රශ්නයක් මතුවිය. කොහුවල හමුදා මුරපොලට පහරදීම සම්බන්ධයෙන් අජිත් කුමාර හඳුනාගත් බවත් පැහැරගත් තුවක්කු සෙවීමටයාමේදී ඔහු පැනයාමට තැත්කිරීමෙන් ඝාතනයට ලක්වූ බවත් ආරක්ෂක අංශවලින් ලබාගත් ලිපියක් පොලිසිය ඉදිරිපත් කළේය. ලාල් ප්‍රින්ස් පෙරේරා නැමති 14වැනි විත්තිකරු ඕස්ට්‍රේලියාවේ රැකියාවකට යෑමට නීතිපති වෙනුවෙන් කල ඉල්ලීමක් අනුව ඔහු නිදොස් කොට නිදහස් කල අතර පසුව අනෙකුත් විත්තිකරුවන්  වෙනුවෙන්ද සානුකම්පිතව සලකා බලන්නැයි විනිසුරු කල ප්‍රකාශයෙන් මසකට පසු නීතිපතිවරයා සෙසු සියළු දෙනාම එරෙහි අධිචෝදනා පත්‍ර ඉල්ලා අස්කරගැනීමට අවසර පැතීය. එයට ඉඩදුන් විනිසුරු එස් කඩවතආරච්චි සියළුදෙනා නිදොස් කොට නිදහස් කළේය.

ජවිපෙ 2වැනි කැරැල්ලේදී ජවිපෙ අරමුණ වෙනුවෙන් සටන් වැද දිවිපිදූ බොහෝ දෙනා විශ්වාස කල නොහැකි සටන්කාමීත්වයක්, නිර්භිතබවක් සහ වීරත්වයක් විදහා දැක්වූවිහ. ඒ සඳහා ඔවුනට උපකාර වූයේ ඔවුන්ගේ අධ්‍යාත්මය තුළ තිබූ අචල විශ්වාසයයි. අරගලයේ උනුසුම් අවස්ථාවේදී පවා රුදුරු මර්ධනය ලේ ඉව කරන හෝරාවේදී අධිෂ්ධානය ධෛර්යයද රැගෙන ඔවුහු සිය අරමුණ වෙනුවෙන් සටන් කළහ. රත්මලානේදී වෙඩි වරුසාවල් මැද ඝාතනයට ලක්වූ ඉහත කැරළිකරුවන් සෙසු සටන් සගයින්ට ධෛර්යය සහ ශක්තිය උගැන්වමින් කියා සිටියේ එය වේ.(ජවිපෙ 2වැනි කැරළි සමයවූ 1986 සිට 1990 දක්වා පළවන මෙම ලිපි මාලාව ලබාගැනීම පිළිබද විස්තර පහත ලිපිනයට ඔබගේ ලිපිනය යොමු කිරීමෙන් ලබාගත හැකිය. ධර්මන් වික්‍රමරත්න, තැපෙ 26, ශ්‍රී ජයවර්ධනපුර. දුරකථනය: 011-5234384 විද්‍යුත් තැපෑල: ejournalists@gmail.com)  The writer ධර්මන් වික්‍රමරත්න Dharman Wickremaretne is a senior journalist who could be reached at ejournalists@gmail.com OR 011-5234384.

 

ගල් අගුරු මාර්තු දක්වා පාඩුව ඩොලර් මිලියන 1.8 යි. අද වන විට සැබෑ පාඩුව ඩොලර් මිලියන 4.88 යි. අමාත්‍යාංශය පාර්ලිමේන්තුව නොමග යැව්වේ මෙහෙමයි.

July 17th, 2016

දුෂණ විරෝධී පෙරමුණ

ජනාධිපතිතුමා, අගමැතිතුමා ප්‍ර‍මුඛ සමස්ථ කැබිනට් මණ්ඩලය නොමග යැවූ විදුලි බල හා බලශක්ති අමාත්‍යාංශය, පාර්ලිමේන්තුවටම ගොස් මහජන නියෝජිතයින් නොමග යවා තිබේ.   අමාත්‍යාංශ ලේකම් ආචාර්ය සුරේන් බටගොඩ මහතා ප්‍ර‍මුඛ නිලධාරීන් විසින් ඉදිරිපත් කරනු ලබන තොරතුරු අනුව ඔවුන් විසින් ගල් අගුරු මිල දී ගැනීමේ  දී රටට ඩොලර්

342,833.4 ක ලාභයක් සිදු වී තිබේ.  මෙය පට්ටපල් බොරුවකි!

ශ්‍රේෂ්ඨාධිකරණය සහ විගණාකාධිපති දෙපාර්තමේන්තුව කියන්නේ පාඩු බවයි. නඩු තීන්දුවෙන් චෝදනා එල්ල වන සුරේන් කියන්නනේ ලාභ බවයි.  2016 ජනවාරි 19 සහ මාර්තු 2 විගණන විමසුම් දෙකකට (මාස 7 කට වැඩි කලක්) පිළිතුරු සැපයීමට නොහැකිව සිටින අමාත්‍යාංශ ලේකම්වරයා කියන බොරුව මෙසේය.

ආචාර්ය බටගොඩ මහතා විසින් පාර්ලිමේන්තු මන්ත්‍රීවරුන්ට හා දුෂණ විරෝධී පෙරමුණට  ඉදිරිපත් කළ 25 වන ස්ලයිඩ් පිටුව මෙසේය.

//මේ දක්වා ගල් අඟුරු මෙ.ටො. මිලියන 2.19ක් මිලදී ගෙන ඇත. ගෙවා ඇති මුදල ඇ.ඩො.මිලියන 114.008

  • නොබෙල් රිසෝසස් සමාගම ඉදිරිපත් කළ මිල ඇ.ඩො. 68.70 (මෙ.ටො. 1ක් සඳහා)
  • නිව්කාසල් දර්ශකයට අනුව විචල්‍ය මිල අනුව මෙම ගල් අඟුරු ප්‍රමාණය නොබෙල් සමාගමෙන් මිලදී ගත්තානම් වැය වන මුදල ඇ.ඩො. මිලියන 121.543

ලාභය ඇ.ඩො. මිලියන  7.535 (රුපියල් මිලියන 1123)//

ඒ අනුව, නව රජය බලයට පත්වීමෙන් පසුව 2015 අගෝස්තු සිට 2016 මැයි දක්වා  ගල් අඟුරු මෙ.ටො. මිලියන 2.19ක් මිලදී ගෙන ඇත. ගෙවා ඇති මුදල ඇ.ඩො.මිලියන 114.008 කි.

//ස්විස් සිංගප්පූරු සමාගමෙන් මිලදී ගත් ගල් අඟුරු ප්‍රමාණය මෙ.ටො. මිලියන 1.0647

  • ගෙවා ඇති මුදල ඇ.ඩො. මිලියන 57.93
  • නිව්කාසල් දර්ශකයට අනුව විචල්‍ය මිල අනුව මෙම ගල් අඟුරු ප්‍රමාණය නොබෙල් සමාගමෙන් මිලදී ගත්තානම් වැය වන මුදල ඇ.ඩො. මිලියන 58.252

ලාභය ඇ.ඩො. 342,833.4//

(26 වන ස්ලයිඩ් පිටුව)

ඒ අනුව, ස්විස් සිංගප්පූරු සමාගමෙන් මිලදී ගත් ගල් අඟුරු ප්‍රමාණය මෙ.ටො. මිලියන 1.0647

ගෙවා ඇති මුදල ඩොලර් මිලියන 57.93 ක

බටගොඩ මහතා ගේ දත්ත අනුව, ස්විස් සිංගප්පූර් වෙතින් ලබා නොගෙන ස්පොට් ටෙන්ඩර් මගින් ලබා ගත් ප්‍ර‍මාණය ටොන් මිලියන 1.1253 කි.  එම දත්ත සියල්ල  සත්‍යය වේ.

ඒ අනුව, මේ දක්වා කාලය තුල වැඩිම ගල් අගුරු ප්‍ර‍මාණයක් මිල දී ගෙන ඇත්තේ ස්පොට් ටෙන්ඩර් මගිනි.

සුවිස් සිංගප්පූර් ප්‍ර‍ශ්ණකාරි ටෙන්ඩරයට පිටින් ලබා දෙන ඇති ගල් අගුරු සදහා ගෙවා ඇති මුළු මුදල ඩොලර් මිලියන 57.93 කි.

එමගින් රටට ලැබුණු මුළු ගල් අගුරු ප්‍ර‍මාණයට වඩා ටොන් 60,600 ක් ස්පොට් ටෙන්ඩර් මගින් එයට වඩා අඩු මුදලකට එනම්, ඩොලර් මිලියන 56.078 කට රටට ලැබී ඇත.

වෙනත් වචනයෙන් කියන්නේ නම්, ප්‍ර‍ශ්ණකාරී ටෙන්ඩර් ගනුදෙනුම මගින් ගල් අගුරු ටොන් 60,600 ලංකාවට අඩුවෙන් ලැබී ඇති නමුත් වැඩිපුරු ඇමරිකානු ඩොලර් මිලියන 1.85 ක් සුවිස් සිංගප්පූර් සමාගමට ගෙවා ඇත.  මෙම ගණුදෙනුව සදහා හේතු වී ඇත්තේ ආචාර්ය සුරේන් බටගොඩ විසින් සකසා අමාත්‍ය රංජිත් සියඹලාපිටිය මහතා අමාත්‍ය ධූරයට පත් වී සති කිහිපයකින් ඔහුගේ අත්සනින් කැබිනට් මණ්ඩලයට ඉදිරිපත් කළ 2015 සැප්. 22 දිනැති කැබිනට් පත්‍රිකාවේ ආනුභාවයෙනි.

මේ අනුව, මෙම ගණුදෙනුව මගින් පමණක් ජාතික අභිලාෂයට එරෙහිව රටට අහිමි කර ඇති මුදල ඇමරිකානු ඩොලර් මිලියන 1.85 කි.  එයට අමතරව ගල් අගුරු ටොන් 60,600 ක් ද මුල්‍ය වටිනාකම ද රටට අහිමි වී ඇත.

———————————————————-

උක්ත ගණුදෙනුව මගින් රටට සිදු වී ඇති සැබෑ පාඩුව සැබවින්ම මෙයට වඩා විශාල ය.

ලංකාවේ ශ්‍රේෂ්ඨාධිකරණය කම්පනයට පත් කළ, හිටපු විදුලිබල හා බලශක්ති ඇමති චම්පික  රණවක 2015 අගෝස්තු 15 ලිඛිතව අහෝසි කරන ලෙස ඉල්ලා සිටි නමුත්,  අමාත්‍යාංශ ලේකම් ආචාර්ය බටගොඩ විසින් සකස්කල රංජිත් සියඹලාපිටිය විසින් රටේ ගල්අගුරු හිගයක් ඇතිවී විදුලිජනනය බිදවැටේ යැයි කියා තකහනියේ ඉරිපත් කළ,  කැබිනට් මණ්ඩලය නොමග යැවූ බව ශ්‍රේෂ්ඨාධාධිකරණය පෙන්වා දෙන ටෙන්ඩරටය අනුව ස්විස් සමාගම විසින් ලංකාවට සැපයූ

ගල් අගුරු මෙට්‍රික් ටොන් එකක ඩොලර්                        = 54.40 කි.

එනම්, සුවිස් සමාගමට ගෙවා ඇති මුදල ඩොලර් මිලියන       = 57.93

ඒ වෙනුවෙන් ලැබුණු ප්‍ර‍මාණය ටොන්  මිලියන               = 1.0647

ගල් අගුරු ටොන් එකක (දුෂිත ටෙන්ඩරයේ) මිල ඩොලර්        = 54.40

චම්පික රණවක ඇමතිවරයා  විසින් ගල් අගුරු ගෙන්වීමේ ඒකාධිකාරය බිදහෙලමින් හදුන්වාදුන්  spot tender මගින් ගෙන්වු ගල් අගුරු ප්‍ර‍මාණය  ටොන් මිලියන                                                         = 1.1253

ගෙවා ඇති මුදල                       ඩොලර් මිලියන    = 56.078

ස්පොට් ටෙන්ඩරයෙන් මිල දී ගත් ගල් අගුරු ටොන්

එකක මිල ඩොලර්         = 49.83

(එක් ගල් අගුරු ටෙන්ඩරයක සාමාන්‍ය ඩොලර්  මිලියන 56.078/ ටොන්  මිලියන 1.1253 = 49.83)

බටගොඩ මහතා ගේ ක්‍ර‍ම විරෝධී, කැබිනට් මණ්ඩලය නොමග යැවූ, විගණන විමසුම් දෙකකට උත්තර දී ගත නොහැකි ටෙන්ඩර්කරුට මගින් නොව ස්පොට් ටෙන්ඩර් මගින් එදා සිට අද දක්වා මිල දී ගත් ගල් අගුරු ප්‍ර‍මාණය මිල දී ගත්තේ නම් ඒ සදහා ගෙවීමට සිදුවන මුදල  

මුළු ගල් අගුරු ප්‍රමාණය                          = මෙට්‍රික් ටොන් මිලියන 2.19

ඒකක මිල           ඩොලර්                = 49.83

සමස්ථ වැයවන මුදල ඩොලර් මිලියන =109.12ක් පමණයි. 

(49.83x 2.19)

එහෙත් විදුලිබල හා බලශක්ති අමාත්‍යාංශය මගින් ඇමරිකානු ඩොලර් මිලියන 114.008 ක් වැයකර ගල් අගුරු ටොන්  මිලියන 2.19 ගෙන්වීමෙන්  රටට සිදුවන සමස්ථ පාඩුව ඩොලර් මිලියන 4.88 කි.

විගණකාධිපතිවරයා 2016 මාර්තු 19 දින විගණන විමසුම මගින් පවසන්නේ රටට රුපියල් මිලියන 1803 ක පාඩුවක් සිදුව ඇති බවයි.  නමුත්, මේ විගණන විමසුමට පිළිතුරු ලියන්නේ හෝ නොමැතිව  2016 ජූලි දක්වා දිගින් දිගටම මේ දුෂිත ටෙන්ඩරය යටතේ ලංකාවට ගල් අගුරු ගෙන්වා ඇත.  එමගින් මේ වන විට ලංකා රජයට සිදුව ඇති පාඩුව ඩොලර් මිලියන 4.88 කි.

ඒ අනුව, පසුගිය දා පාර්ලිමේන්තු මන්ත්‍රීවරුන් හමුවේ විදුලිබල හා බලශක්ති අමාත්‍යාංශයේ ලේකම් සුරේන් බටගොඩ විසින් මේ ගණුදෙනුවෙන් ලංකා රජයට ඩොලර් 342,833 ක ලාභයක් සිදු වූ බව ප්‍ර‍කාශ කිරීම අසත්‍යයකි.

ඉතිහාස කථාව

ගල් අගුරු ටෙන්ඩර් ලබාදීම මගින් රාජපක්ෂ රජය සමයේ ඉතා විශාල වංචා සිදුවී ඇති බව රහසක් නොවේ.  නොරච්චෝල ඉදි කිරීමේ දී එක් පුද්ගලයෙකුට ඇමරිකානු ඩොලර් මිලියන 1.5 ක කොමිස් මුදලක් ලේඛණ සහිතව ලැබුණි.

රිවිර පුවත්පතේ අයිතිය ආර්පිකෝ සමාගමේ යක්දෙහිගේ මහතා ගෙන් ප්‍ර‍සන්න වික්‍රමසූරිය මහතා ට හිමිවූයේ ‘ගල් අගුරු ටෙන්ඩරයක ආනුභාවයෙන් බව එක් අමාත්‍යවරයෙකු ද පවසා ඇත.

රාජපපක්ෂ පවුලට රොකට්ටුව යවන්නට අනුග්‍රාහකත්වය දක්වන ලද්දේ 2013 ජූලි මස (පවිත්‍රා වන්නිආරච්චි සමයේ) දැවැන්ත ගල් අගුරු ගනුදෙනුවකට සම්බන්ධ වූ ටෝරියන් සමාගම විසිනි.

ලංකා විදුලිබල මණ්ඩලය දැවැන්ත මාෆියාවකි.  එහි භාණ්ඩ මිලදී ගැනීම් සහ විදුලිය ජණනය කිරීම තුලින් අති දැවැන්ත මුල්‍ය වාසි පුද්ගයින් කිහිප දෙනෙකු ලබා ගන්නා අතර එයි වන්දිය ගෙවන්නේ සමස්ථ විදුලි පාරිභෝගිකයින් සහ රටවැසියන් ය.

ලංකා ඉතිහාසයේ පළමු වතාටව ශ්‍රේෂ්ඨාධිකරණය විසින් මේ සදහා දායක වූ පුද්ගලයින් නිලධාරීන් කිහිප දෙනෙකු එනම් කැබිනට් ප්‍ර‍සම්පාදන කමිටුව, සිදු කළ කරුණු පිළිගැනීමට ලක් කොට ඇත.  එම නිලධාරීන් වන්නේ,  ලේකම් සුරේන් බටගොඩ,  ජී.එස්.විතානගේ, එම්.සී.වික්‍ර‍සේකර, ඒ.කේ. සෙනෙවිරත්න, ජී.ආර්.එල්.වසන්ත, එස්.ඒ.එන්. සරණතිස්ස මහත්වරුන්ය.

ඒ නිලධාරීන් පාර්ලිමේන්තුවට, සිවිල් සමාජයට කියන්නේ තමන් රටට වාසියක් කර ඇති බවයි. අවසනාව නම් විගණන විමසුමට උත්තර නොලියන මේ පිරිස කියන දේ අසන දේශපාලනඥයින් පිරිසක් ආණ්ඩුවේ ද, විපක්ෂයේ ද සිටීමය.

බොහෝ විට රාජ්‍ය මුල්‍ය අයථා පරිහරණය පිළිබද චෝදනා එල්ලවන්නේ දේශපාලඥයින් වෙතය.  නමුත්, එහි වෙනස් ව්‍යවහාරික ස්වරූපයක් ඇති බව බොහෝ දෙනා අමතක කරයි.  ඒ සදහා කදිම නිදසුන ගල් අගුරු ටෙන්ඩරය යි.

දුෂණ විරෝධී පෙරමුණ                                        2016 ජූලි 17

Rajith Keerthi Tennakoon

Executive Director/CaFFE
Executive Director/CHR-Sri Lanka

Pathfinder Foundation and Shanghai Institutes for International Studies Second Symposium

July 17th, 2016

Pathfinder Foundation  PRESS RELEASE

 Pathfinder Foundation & Shanghai Institutes for International Studies Hold Second Symposium

Focus: Maritime Silk Road & China-Sri Lanka Relations & Shot in the arm for Chinese foreign investment

The Second Symposium on the Maritime Silk Road and China-Sri Lanka Relations was held in Shanghai, China from 11th-13 July. The Chinese Embassy in Colombo made the logistical arrangements in support of the symposium, jointly organized by the Shanghai Institutes for International Relations (SIIS) and the Pathfinder Foundation (PF).  The symposium consisted of two segments, an academic conference and a business roundtable, thereby providing an overview of the political and economy landscape and prospects for business collaboration available to both sides.

Hon. Sujeewa Senasinghe, State Minister of International Trade participated in the three day Track II symposium, delivering a keynote address, explaining the policies of the new government and responding to questions posed by Chinese scholars and representatives of leading Chinese business conglomerates, who are either already present in Sri Lanka or planning to make large scale investments in the island.

In addition to the Pathfinder Foundation represented by Bernard Goonetilleke, Prof. Sisira Pinnawala, and Ameera Arooz; several other think tanks and institutions took part in the academic exchange. They included Indian Ocean Maritime Affairs Cooperation (Dr, Hiran Jayewardene), LIRNEasia (Professor Rohan Samarajiva), Institute of Policy Studies (Dr. Saman Kelegama), Bandaranaike International Diplomatic Training Institute (Ms. Pamela Deen), and Lakshman Kadirgamar Institute of International Relations (Ravindra Deyshappriya).

Several media personalities also took part in the symposium. They included Waruna Karunathileka Chairman, School of Journalism, as well as Shenali Waduge, and Dharshan Weerasekera.

The Symposium commenced its work by inaugurating the China-Sri Lanka Cooperation Studies Center by Prof. Chen Dongxiao, President of the Shanghai Institutes for International Studies and Bernard Goonetilleke, Chairman of the Pathfinder Foundation. The newly established Center will function as the counterpart of the China-Sri Lanka Cooperation Studies Center, functioning under the Pathfinder Foundation, inaugurated by the Chinese Ambassador in Sri Lanka in October last year.

The first part of the symposium covered several subjects: Overviewing of Global and Regional Situation, China-Sri Lanka Bilateral Cooperation: Opportunities and Challenges, The 21st Century Maritime Silk Road and Sri Lankan Development, Government-Market Relations.  This part of the symposium was concluded with a brain storming session on ‘Visions of China-Sri Lanka Cooperation and Policy Suggestions’.

A Business Roundtable involving private sector representatives of both countries followed the academic discussions. Lawrence Perera, Chairman MICRO; Ruan Samarasinghe, Managing Director, Jetwing Hotels; Ravi Karunaratne, Head of Projects, Hayleys Advantis; Krishnan Balendra, Chairman, NTB; Nimal Cooke, Executive Director, Maharaja Organization Projects (Pvt.) Ltd; and Dharshana Munasinghe, Director, Business Development of the Access Group highlighted investment potential in Sri Lanka.  The general message communicated to the Chinese businesses was that the era of unsolicited offers to the government to be financed by foreign borrowings is over due to the heavy debt burden the government has to carry. Consequently Sri Lankan business leaders urged the Chinese business community to join hands with Sri Lankan private companies, who have the resources as well as experience to identify and launch joint ventures. The other opening they recommended was to participate in PPP projects.  They pointed out that the FTA between Sri Lanka and China will be concluded by early 2017. This would open new vistas for Chinese companies to penetrate in to India and Pakistan, which jointly boast of a population of 1.5 billion, while Indian and Pakistani companies too would benefit by gaining access to the Chinese market taking advantage of the China-Sri Lanka FTA.

The Chinese companies that expressed their skepticism over the investment prospects in Sri Lanka in November last year during the first symposium, appeared to be more positive of the improving investment climate in Sri Lanka following the visit of Prime Minister Ranil Wickremesinghe to China in April this year. Among the participating companies from China were Beijing International Trust, Chongqing Foreign Trade and Economic Cooperation, China Harbour Engineering, Chinese Rayong Industrial Park, Pacific Rim Zhengzhou Yutong and SINOMA.

Their presentations revealed the interest of Chinese companies have in Sri Lanka. Deputy Manager China Harbour Engineering said that the suspended Colombo Port City would recommence its work by October. In response to the interest shown to commence an industrial park in Hambantota, Pathfinder Foundation pointed out that there was a lack of skilled workers to support such a venture in Hambantota and recommended that the Chinese government, in association with the Chinese industry, could help establishing a technical collage, similar to the German Technical College in Ratmalana, to address the shortage of technically qualified youth to service the Hambantota Industrial Park.

The Business Round Table was also attended by State Minister Sujeewa Senasinghe, who said that it was an ‘all win’ relationship as both countries look towards mutually benefiting cooperation that will also take into consideration environmental protection. He said that in the past we have learnt from working with the West and now willing to learn how to work with China and India. He said that the President and Prime Minster are committed to attracting projects that are funded by foreign direct investment, create employment, transfer technology and generate income within the country. He encouraged the Chinese private sector to use Sri Lanka as a gateway to South Asia as well as South East Asia.

The Business Round Table acknowledged that the Chinese and Sri Lankan companies would require support in establishing joint ventures etc. in the two countries. The Pathfinder Foundation and the Shanghai Institute of International Studies agreed to provide requisite support through their newly established two centers with the cooperation of the respective embassies.

Sri Lanka sponsored an International Conference on Countering Terrorism in October 2007

July 17th, 2016

Courtesy: Sri Lanka Guardian

Sri Lanka should take the lead again in sponsoring another one in the light of an upsurge in international terrorism in many parts of the world

http://www.srilankaguardian.org/2007/10/international-conference-on-countering.html

Appended below is the Press Release for the Conference held in 2007

(October, 16, 2007, Colombo, Sri Lanka Guardian) The Lakshman Kadirgamar Institute for International Relations and Strategic Studies is holding an International Conference on Countering Terrorism (ICCT) at the Bandaranaike Memorial International Conference Hall (BMICH) in Colombo from 18th October to 20th October 2007. The theme of this conference will be ‘Terrorism: A challenge to Democratically Elected Governments’.

It will highlight the challenges posed to democratically elected governments by terrorist movements and discuss strategies required to counter such threats. The Conference will discuss attendant issues such as terrorist fund raising, threats post by terrorist networks, socio –economic cost of terrorism, international regional responses to terrorism, the domestic dimension of terrorism, the role of the media and civil society, and prospects of transformation of terrorists, with in the ambit of adherence to democracy and human rights.

Within the framework laid down by the UN task force on terrorism, the conference will pursue the following objectives. To share the experience in counter terrorism measures adopted by democratic countries, to strengthen the long-term structural stability of democratic nation states engaged in conflict with terrorist groups, to promote public policies aimed at growth in development and protection of human rights while combating terrorism and to evaluate strategies that are aimed at dissuading disenchanted groups from resorting to terrorism to achieve political goals and explore ways and means of transforming terrorist to embrace non violent methods in seeking political end and to enter mainstream democratic society

The Conference (ICCT) will have eminent personalities in their respective fields lead eight thematic sessions. They are: Dr. Gerard Chaliand, Former Director, European Center for the Study of Conflicts from France (The threat posed by International Terrorist Networks), Judge Jean-Louis Bruguiere, Anti-Terrorism Judge of France. (International Responses to Terrorism), Gen. V. P. Malik, Former Commander of the Indian Army (Regional Responses to Terrorism), Dr. Rohan Gunaratna, Head, International Center for Political Violence and Terrorism Research, Singapore (Domestic Dimension of Terrorism), Mr. David Leppan, Founder & CEO, World-Check and Mr. Shanaka Jayasekara, Researcher, Centre for Policing, Intelligence & Counter Terrorism, Macquarie University, Sydney, Australia (Combating Terrorist Fund Raising), Dr. Saman Kelegama, Executive Director, Institute of Policy Studies, Sri Lanka. (Socio-Economic Costs of Terrorism), Mr. Shyam Tekwani, Assistant Professor, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore (Terrorism and the Role of the Media and Civil Society) and Mr. V. Anandasangaree, Leader TULF (Transforming ‘Terrorists’ – Lessons for Sri Lanka). 

A concluding panel discussion on the conference theme will be chaired by Dr. Palitha Kohona, Secretary, Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

Courtesy: Sri Lanka Guardian

Note: The Peace Secretariat played a critical role in organising this Conference which was conceptualized during the time Dr. Palitha Kohona was the Secretary – General of the Secretariat for Coordinating the Peace Process (SCOPP)

Celebrate International Justice Day ( July 17 ) with call for Justice for Animals

July 17th, 2016

Senaka Weeraratna

DVA appeals to lawyers and animal rights activists to make International Justice Day on July 17 a platform to promote animal rights.

17th July is World Day for International Justice, also referred to as Day of International Criminal Justice or International Justice Day.

July 17 has been chosen because it marks the anniversary of the adoption of the Rome Statute, the treaty that created the International Criminal Court. Each year, people around the world use this day to host events to promote international criminal justice, and also to focus attention on particular issues such as genocide and serious crimes of violence against women.

dhammavoicesforanimals

Dharma Voices for Animals (DVA) Colombo Chapter would like to use this occasion to focus public attention on the monumental injustice and inhumanity caused to other living beings by human beings with a view to bringing animals within the ambit of justice. Equity demands that we act to reverse this injustice without delay. We must not leave this burden to the next generation(s).

We must not forget that there is no greater crime in the history of humankind that can match the unrelenting and unceasing war that members of the human species wage almost every moment of the day against members of other species for their flesh and bones. This is the biggest war being waged by human kind from time immemorial i.e. snuffing out the life of other weaker species in an almost one -sided contest without pity without a qualm of conscience. A life of an animal is dear to it as much as it is to us humans. It is not only a moral or ethical issue. It is also very much a Justice issue.

No lawyer worth his salt can deny this plain simple fact. To do otherwise is to draw attention to one’s insensitivity towards others or lack of a true sense of justice.
It is a sad fact of life that people who have a vested interest in abusing animals e.g. meat industry, are well protected by politicians on both sides of the divide. This is the prime cause for the unreasonable delay in the enactment of the Animal Welfare Bill originally drawn by the Law Commission.

We call on the Bar Association of Sri Lanka to establish an Animal Law Committee charged with a mission to address all issues concerning the intersection of animals and the law to create a paradigm shift resulting in a just world for all living beings. The status of animals in our legal system and in our society must get mainstream public attention such that Rule of Law extends to not only humans but animals as well, ideally speaking. Due process protection, fair compensation when an animal is destroyed or injured, standards of care and accountability for animals deployed in industry and agriculture, phasing out of animal prisons (deceptively called Zoos) within a short period, giving expanding definitions to the notions of what constitutes ‘cruelty to animals’ and ensuring that the interests of wild animals e.g. wild elephants, are taken best care of in contexts of competing interests of wild animals and human beings for dwindling resources, are some of the challenges that lie ahead for both the legal profession and animal lovers. Current laws limit the legal options available to those who are seeking to protect wildlife. This must be changed.

DVA is prepared to encourage young lawyers in particular to give their time and effort for animal advocacy work both within and outside the courtroom. DVA will strive to make sure that animals have adequate legal representation and advocacy where it matters.

We call on all animal activists and lawyers to raise your voices on July 17 against one of the most profuse yet underrated forms of injustice – injustice against animals.
Your collective voice in this digital age using social media can prick the conscience of public opinion and spread the message of justice towards animals far and wide.

Senaka Weeraratna
Dharma Voices for Animals (Colombo Chapter)

https://www.facebook.com/dharmavoicesforanimalscolombosri…/…

Dharma Voices for Animals Colombo Sri Lanka Chapter

senaka17071601

Community · 344 Likes

Phase out Zoos from Sri Lanka – What can you do? 

Avoid visiting zoos. We must not allow ourselves to be complicit in causing animal suffering.

Lobby and demand animal sanctuaries to be established in place of Zoos which should be non – exploitative and non – profit oriented.

Two countries Bhutan and Costa Rica have started an inspiring trend in phasing out Zoos. Bhutan has effectively closed down Zoos except for the protection of two endangered native species.Sri Lanka should join these two enlightened countries in following suit by phasing out Zoos.

Spread the word through newspaper articles, public talks, television programmes, internet YouTube, of the reality of Zoo life and the suffering of animals inside them.

Zoos belong to history not to the future. In fact it is a culturally inappropriate institution to Sri Lanka which had one of the finest Animal friendly cultural heritages in the world before the landing of foreigners in 1505.

Educate your children and others why Zoos are unnecessary and inhumane.

Reverence for life has been the foundation of SrI Lanka’s Buddhist civilization ever since that unique encounter between Arahant Mahinda and King Devanampiyatissa at Mihintale over 2300 years ago when Arahant Mahanda declared as follows:

“ Oh! Great King, the birds of the air and the beasts have an equal right to live and move about in any part of this land as thou. The land belongs to the peoples and all other beings and thou art only the guardian of it”

The establishment and maintenance of Zoos in Sri Lanka is incompatible and run counter to Arahant Mahinda’s words of wisdom.

http://www.lankaweb.com/news/items/2015/09/11/give-freedom-to-animals-in-zoos-support-rally-to-help-the-animals-in-the-dehiwala-zoo/

Understand animals desire freedom, close the zoos

Colleen Patrick-Goudreau

Understand animals desire freedom, close the zoos (East Bay Times guest commentary)

I wonder sometimes if things wouldn’t be better for animals if we were less captivated by them. In a strange, contradictory way, our fascination with them — even our appreciation for them — is what causes us to harm them the most.

We’re so attracted to their beauty that we adorn ourselves with their skin, feathers and fur. We’re so moved by their intelligence that we force them to perform for us. We’re so covetous of their strength that we seek to assimilate it by consuming and ingesting their bits and parts.

We’re so intrigued by their very presence that we confine and display them just so we can gawk, observing with amazement how much like us they actually are.

Exhibiting animals — particularly large, wild, “exotic” animals — goes back as far as ancient times. These menageries, precursors of modern zoos, tended to be owned by the wealthy, whose human supremacy and power could be displayed along with their animal collections.

Not much has changed — except perhaps in the modern way we shroud the ugliness of animal captivity in the guise of science and conservation.

Zoos celebrate their breeding programs as a means to propagate endangered species, but to what end? Not a single lowland gorilla or mountain gorilla — or for that matter, black rhino, elephant or orangutan — all of whom are classified as critically endangered — has ever gone from a U.S. zoo back into the wild.

Zoos populate zoos. Breeding programs replenish cages. For captive breeding programs to be successful, wild habitats must be preserved. The dollars spent (by the public and by zoos) on animal exhibits would be better spent on protecting already-wild individuals and rapidly disappearing habitats.

More than that, thousands of animals in zoos are betrayed by their alleged champions every year. To curb overpopulation, animals are killed on a regular basis in zoos around the world, either to be fed to other captive animals or to zoo patrons.

If they’re not killed, “surplus animals” — those individuals zoos no longer considered profitable because they’re neither young enough nor cute enough to attract crowds — wind up in circuses, private residences and even in the hands of taxidermists.

A two-year investigation by the Mercury News found that 38 percent of the mammals bred in accredited zoos were sold to dealers, auctions, hunting ranches and roadside zoos.

Zoos emphasize their role in educating the public about wildlife, instilling a love of animals and fostering appreciation for the natural world, though evidence suggests that zoos do not in fact increase our knowledge or understanding of either animals or nature.

One of the reasons is that zoo animals don’t exhibit natural behaviors in captivity. What they exhibit instead are neurotic behaviors and repetitive rituals, such as pacing, bar-biting, swaying and circling — no matter how much zoos design their enclosures to mimic their respective natural habitats.

Not only is captivity not beneficial for the prisoners, it instills nothing in us but human arrogance, supremacy and apathy, perpetuating the idea that nonhuman animals are here for us to use, abuse and exploit for our own pleasures and purposes.

Not so when we admire birds in our backyards; watch bees pollinate flowers; or spot wild turkeys, deer, and lizards from a hiking trail. We can be captivated by animals without holding them captive.

It’s not that we should find animals less fascinating or beautiful or impressive. It’s not that we should appreciate animals less.

What we need to do is appreciate more that animals’ inherent desire for freedom, life, autonomy and self-determination is as strong as our own. That in these ways, they are indeed just like us.

We don’t need to change our admiration for nonhuman animals as much as we need to change our understanding of how nonhuman animals see themselves.

If that were the lens through which we looked, we would be as outraged at the mere existence of zoos as we are by those who suggest they be obsolete.

The Case for Closing Zoos

It’s time for their doors to be shut once and for all

By: Tim Zimmermann

Feb 13, 2015

http://www.outsideonline.com/1930141/case-closing-zoos

Is it worth it to see animals “live” if they’re not acting as they actually would in their natural habitat?   Photo: PeopleImages

Last November, my ten-year-old son and I watched a Nature specialabout killer whales moving into the Arctic as the ice cover shrinks. It was gripping stuff. An orca pod stalked a group of narwhals while marine biologists described the group dynamics of a hunt. My son was glued to the screen and full of questions. Understanding how kinetic and wide-ranging orcas are in the wild—and how compromised their lives are in captivity, a subject I’ve covered extensively over the past five years—is one reason that so many people are now calling for the closing of marine parks. The outcry is a long time coming, and the same logic applies to zoos. Watching my son light up in front of the screen, I wondered: If aNature special can be so inspiring and educational, are there any good arguments for keeping animals in artificial enclosures that, at best, are only a fraction of the size of their natural habitats?

Zoos think so. For decades they have argued that seeing live animals helps educate and mobilize the next generation of conservationists, and the Association of Zoos and Aquariums cites multiple studies. But a few years ago, sociologist Eric Jensen, who teaches at the University of Warwick in England, discovered that most of that research assessed whether visitors thought they learned something (instead of whether they actually learned anything). Worse, many of the studies excluded children, the very demographic that zoos claim they are trying to inform and inspire.

Jensen set out to address these flaws by surveying almost 3,000 children before and after visits to the London Zoo. The results, published in the August 2014 edition of Conservation Biology, weren’t encouraging. On unguided visits, only 34 percent of students showed “positive” learning, meaning they gained new information, and 16 percent actually demonstrated “negative” learning, picking up false information. (The numbers were slightly better for guided visits.)

Against the murky evidence that zoos educate or inspire is a growing amount of research showing that the animals housed in them suffer. A 1980s analysis of necropsy reports from the much lauded San Diego Zoo, for example, found frequent malnutrition, injuries from transport and the use of anesthetics and tranquilizers, and incidences of both cannibalism and infanticide. Yes, zoos have worked hard to improve conditions for their animals since then, but a 2003 study in the journalNature revealed that 33 of the most popular animals in zoos—including lions and polar bears—still exhibit signs of being under stress, from pacing to higher infant mortality rates. There’s a reason Gus, the popular Central Park Zoo polar bear who was euthanized in 2013 after developing a tumor, had his own therapist.

  Photo: Gallery Stock

As we accelerate into an era of rapid human-fueled species loss, perhaps the most compelling argument for zoos is the Noah’s Ark one. Facilities like the Smithsonian National Zoo in Washington, D.C., and the Cheyenne Mountain Zoo in Colorado Springs have done important work supporting condors, giant pandas, and black-footed ferrets. The Association of Zoos and Aquariums reports that its 228 members are actively working to save 30 species. But that accounts for a small portion of zoo breeding; the reality is that most programs build and sustain zoo populations, not wild ones. “In American zoos there has never been an elephant that has gone from a zoo back into the wild,” says Lori Marino, a psychobiologist and executive director of the Kimmela Center for Animal Advocacy. “It is a one-way ticket.”

There was a time when zoos really were the only place to see exotic animals. Today you can experience our greatest creatures in other ways—on YouTube or PBS, for starters, in full HD. No, you’re not seeing the animals “live,” but at least they’re in their natural habitats, engaging in natural behaviors. Add in what we’re learning about the impact of confinement on many species and zoos with cages or even natural-looking enclosures become hard to justify. In 2013, Costa Rica announced a plan to close its public zoos. It’s time for the rest of the world to move the legitimately conservation-oriented breeding programs to spacious sanctuaries and preserves—where the public can still view the animals—and follow suit.

http://www.outsideonline.com/1930141/case-closing-zoos

Do Sri Lankans wish to partner with India or China?

July 16th, 2016

Shenali D Waduge

Like it or not the Sri Lankan public will have to come to terms with some hard realities. Our political leaders have failed the nation since independence, their policies have been inconsistent and with the overall aim to only come into power and remain in power, our media have been serving as western lackeys, our rights activists and legal fraternity have not defended the nation and apart from a handful of people bringing out issues of vital concern to the future of the sovereignty even the general public have chosen to ignore their duties as citizens. In such a scenario we have become easy prey for numerous external agendas leaving the nation at a very critical juncture. Given that our leaders have shown little commitment or capacity to create a country-centric policy structure that doesn’t change with every government, we continue to remain paupers begging to be rescued from one chaos after another invariably agreeing to compromise our sovereignty in exchange for bailout of the party in power and not the nation.

 

Two countries that have had ancient links with Sri Lanka are the topic of discussion. For the lack of true leaders to produce a vision for the nation without handing out every inch of land and resource to external powers, we have come to the juncture wherein our people have little choice but to ask themselves a question – which country should Sri Lankans prefer to partner to come out of the abyss.

India

Our historical links to India goes far. Buddha was not born in India as the area belongs to present day Nepal and India got its name only after the British landed. However it is where Bodh Gaya marking the location where the Buddha is said to have attained enlightenment and today declared a UNESCO heritage site. It is also where the Maha Bodhi Temple built by Emperor Ashoka stands. That’s about all since Buddhism was never protected by India thereafter and is presently being used as a soft-political tool to link up with fellow Buddhist nations of Asia having no ideological value outside of that goal. The treatment of Buddhist pilgrims, Buddhist priests and even allowing a mosque to be built 60metres away from the Sacred Temple where Buddhists meditate clearly shows India’s lack of concern for Buddhist sentiments.

India had either voted for the resolutions against Sri Lanka or had abstained in a conflict they first created. Most believe all of the resolutions before being presented had the nod of approval by the Indian leaders. The same was said of the 2002 cease fire agreement and numerous other agreements ventured into with the LTTE since the 1980s.

No historical links and ties can ever forgive or even forget that India actually devised to take unemployed Tamil youth and trained them as armed militants to destabalize Sri Lanka and begin a proxy war which would provide incremental leverage to India both politically, economically and even demographically. India remains the root cause of Sri Lanka’s problems.

Tamils must realize that Indian Governments have no genuine concern for Tamils of Sri Lanka. Tamil Nadu Tamils know too well how North Indians hate them. All of India’s manoeuvrings fit well into India’s Arthashastra policy of annexing Sri Lanka as an Indian colony. The aspiration to appendage Sri Lanka to India remains an unfulfilled dream.

Historically too there is evidence. Indians Sena and Guttika defeated king Suratissa and reigned together for twenty two years. Elara ruled until he was defeated by Dutugemunu in 161 BC. 17 attempts had been made by South Indian Dravidian Tamil speaking invaders since 230BCE to invade Sri Lanka. Tamil intrusions from South India have all been marked by violence and mercenary activity and as such make any to wonder whether these genes are a factor that has contributed to the divides that prevail.

We are wrongly made to feel that India’s Centre is pressurized by the Tamil Nadu State but the reality is that the Indian Centre is very much in control and uses the Tamil Nadu state to increase India’s leverage over Sri Lanka. Thus the poaching issue by Indian fishermen, the bottom-trawlers are all part of a bigger plan to make horse deals and compromise where no compromise is needed. Endless trips back and forth are being wasted when the fundamental solution is India must stop Indian fishermen poaching and stealing fish that belong to Sri Lanka and cease destroying Sri Lanka’s marine bed using thousands of internationally-banned bottom-trawlers. The Katchchitivu issue is also a side-plate to deter people and create media hype around the notion that there is a problem to solve, when clearly the problems are being created by India.

In line with India’s annexation objective is the need to use TAMILS as scapegoat. India deems it right to interfere in the internal affairs of Sri Lanka hoisting the Tamil Grievance concern. The Tamils unfortunately want to play the game by becoming willing-guinea pigs without realizing the damage they are knowingly doing to the nation. Thus, the calls for the removal of the military are stage managed with US-backed groups creating reports of rapes, doctoring evidence and creating the environment to demand the removal of the military.

India is next using the economic crisis engulfing the nation to creep into all key strategic sectors and grip control over them with the long term intent of using these as strategic bargaining tools no different to the economic blockade created against Nepal for refusing to include key provisions India wanted included into Nepals new constitution. When Sri Lankans have ample evidence of the bullying tactics used by India against its neighbour’s should Sri Lankans be giving India any more than what they have deviously secured. The land, road and rail links to India are all with intent to demographically change Sri Lanka and with time the Sinhalese will move from an endangered race to an extinct race altogether. Is this what Sinhalese want?

India’s bilateral agreements are under flak including the CEPA. India’s housing scheme has come under flak for the type of material being used to build the houses as being unsuited for Sri Lankan weather. The coal power plant in Sampoor most believe was just to use as a watch tower over Foul Point on Trincomalee. Cairn Lanka hasn’t done much since starting operations. The new rail link is with the ulterior motive of making access for India to Trincomalee closer than from Colombo to Trincomalee. How far Sri Lanka’s leaders or policy makers know of this or are concerned about this is another matter.

The Sunday Times reveal there are close to 100 Indian companies that have invested $400 million or Rs. 45,600 million but has Sri Lankans benefited from any of them is a good question. Those that complain of Chinese labor in Sri Lanka forget that one Chinese labourer does work of 3 Sri Lankan workers while those pointing fingers do not make any attempts to bring to light the scores of Indians presently working & living illegally.

What has Sri Lanka got from India and the unanimous reply would be – 30 years of LTTE terrorism, the headache of Tamil-LTTE diaspora, interference into internal affairs of Sri Lanka with no shame, diplomatic faux pas like the infamous parippu drop, the threats of Indian naval and air attacks, Indian envoys behaving as viceroys, tweaking Sri Lanka’s constitution via the 13th amendment, bogus historical lies included into Indo-Lanka Accord, diplomatic-arm twisting, enticing weak politicians and the list goes on. The only balancing act would be the Bollywood films and the songs & dances that Sri Lankans are captured by.

While India has wanted to use political, economic, social, friendship ties and whatever ploys it can think of to establish its foothold into Sri Lanka, have any of these become of any worthwhile use to the general public? Have the profits trickled down to the masses or have they been siphoned off.

How many illegal Indians arrive on a daily basis, how many illegal activities are Indians involved in, how many Indians manipulate the open visa system given only to Indians? Even the LTTE declared that 35% of its cadres were from Tamil Nadu. If so should we not make guestimates as to how many Indians from South India may be living like Sri Lankan Tamils over 30 years?

Of the many Indian projects that India has demanded in sensitive strategic areas have any of these been completed or were they just an excuse to place Indians there? Sri Lankans need to start asking themselves more questions.

That India knowingly planned and executed armed militancy in Sri Lanka and its intelligence operatives are very much working on ground and have even steered regime change must surely look at India’s every act of diplomacy, friendship and even business solutions with a whiff of doubt.

It’s always better to be safe than sorry. We should know – 30 years is a long time and calculate the loss at every dimension. With all this knowledge why are even intellectuals pushing for the signing of the ETCA with India knowing that the inclusion of service sector with provisions for Indians, their families to do business, settle down and buy land would once calculated into years automatically make Sri Lanka another state of India? Have people thought seriously about these ramifications.

A nation that has over a billion people, a nation in poverty, a nation that has cheap labor, a nation that has new rich, qualified graduates who are jobless and willing to do any work will soon take over Sri Lankan jobs and will we have leaders and people to ask them to return and will they? Are we not saddled with the Indian laborers brought by the colonial nations to work on plantations decades after the British left? It is one thing to do business ventures with India but when the present business ventures are tilted in favour of India, statistically proven too we must now ask what are the matchmakers proposing the ETCA getting out of the deal personally for there is nothing that will merit the country by allowing a flood of Indians to enter Sri Lanka when already we don’t even know how many are illegally living here.

Today, India is unsafe even for Indians. Even a child is unsafe to be left alone. Rape is rising. The streets are unsafe even for Indians. India’s influence is such that we are signing a MOU to promote the mythological significance of Ramayana.

China

Relations between China and Sri Lanka are long. Relations between the two countries date back to 206 BC when a mission from China arrived in Sri Lanka. According to Raja Rata University Vice Chancellor Prof. W.I. Siriweera, 13 missions had been sent to China by the kings of Anuradhapura between 131 AD and 989 AD. In 428 AD, King Mahanama sent a replica of the Sacred Tooth Relic Shrine to the Chinese emperor. 411-12 AD. During the Ming Dynasty, Admiral Cheng-Ho visited Sri Lanka. Both countries exchanged missions throughout 1416-1459 AD. The exchanges and relations extended long years thereafter.

Despite the first post-independent Sri Lankan government being pro-Western and anti-communist diplomatic relations with China commenced in 1950 though ties were not expanded. However when US refused to give a loan of $50 million requested by Sri Lanka, the island had little choice but to strike the famous Rubber-Rice Pact in 1952 with China. The price Sri Lanka had to pay for dealing with China is a lesson we have all forgotten. The US government invoked the Battle Act putting to an end giving aid to countries selling strategic materials that included rubber to communist countries. US cut off aid to Sri Lanka and stopped selling sulphur which Sri Lanka needed for its rubber plantations.

The same threats and sanctions continue still when Sri Lanka’s leaders do not comply with West-Indian orders. Should we then continue the risk of walking the plank of uncertainty associated with India & the West?

India has chosen to be the outsider of Asia, preferring to now partner US and West’s agenda joining Japan and South Korea.

China’s monumental gifts to Sri Lanka have been many and Sri Lankans proudly can show off scores of tokens of friendship gestures – the Bandaranaike Memorial International Conference Hall, the Supreme Court Complex, Central Mail Exchange, re-development of Lady Ridgeway Children’s hospital, Mattala Airport, Hambantota Port, Katunayaka Expressway Project, Nooraichcholai Coal Power plant, Kotte Sewerage System, NPK Compound Fertilizer Project, first fisheries harbour project in Panadura and there are many more.

China has given over US $1million as humanitarian aid for internally displaced persons and technical assistance for de-mining operations in Northern and Eastern provinces. People have also forgotten that the project to make Hambantota Port had first been offered to both India and US and since both did not have the finances to fund it China took on the project.

There is nothing adverse to be mentioned of Chinese government doing any wrong to Sri Lanka as a policy or through any of China’s ventures with Sri Lanka. China has never interfered into the internal affairs of Sri Lanka or exerted any pressure. No demarches have been sent by the Chinese. Despite China’s super power status, China has accorded fullest respect to Sri Lanka in all of its dealings. There have been plenty of individual Indian and Chinese committing various offences but then there are also plenty of Sri Lankans committing the same offence.

What differentiates India from China in its relationship with Sri Lanka is the crucial factor of demographic change. Dealing with one nation means the dangers of the future of the Sinhala race. China will never populate Sri Lanka with Chinese, India has been populating Sri Lanka with South Indians.

While the likelihood of Sri Lanka becoming a colony under undue Indian influence remains, with China it will be a partnership based on a win-win situation. China’s policy has been to give & take not to take and take and take until Sri Lanka has nothing to give.

India’s dealings with Sri Lanka have historical attempts to treat Sri Lanka as inferior and to be ruled over, such treatment has not been seen by China. If we lack leaders and advisors to make demands and diplomatically deal with bullying tactics of others it is not the fault of anyone but our own.

The scenarios are now placed before the readers. Our people are literate but poor analysts. We have changed governments for the promise of reducing bread, we have fallen for well-funded regime change campaigns. We have compromised our nation but there has to be a Brexit-like moment for Sri Lanka to put the country first. The answer is very simple.

In 1978, both countries had similar living standards.

China’s change began between 1978-1989 with Deng Xiaoping’s fang-shou (‘letting go’ and ‘tightening up’) efforts. India’s reforms began more than a decade later in 1991.

  INDIA CHINA
Administrative divisions 29 states and 7 union territories 23 provinces, 5 autonomous regions and 4 municipalities
Population (2015) 1,251,695,584 1,367,485,388
Population below poverty line 29.8% (2010 est.) 6.1%  
Area total: 3,287,263 sq km
land: 2,973,193 sq km
water: 314,070 sq km
total: 9,596,960 sq km
land: 9,326,410 sq km
water: 270,550 sq km
Literacy 62.8% 95.1%
Manpower available 616,000,000 750,000,000
Reserves Foreign Exchange/Gold $370,700,000,000 $3,217,000,,000,000
Labor Force 492,400,000 804,200,000
Children under the age of 5 years underweight 43.5% (2006) 3.4% (2010)
Health expenditures 3.9% of GDP (2011) 5.2% of GDP (2011)
GDP (purchasing power parity) 2013 $4.99 trillion (2013 est.)
$4.833 trillion (2012 est.)
$4.63 trillion (2011 est.)
$13.39 trillion (2013 est.)
$12.43 trillion (2012 est.)
$11.54 trillion (2011 est.)
Annual defense budget (USD) $40,000,000,000 $155,600,000,000
Active military personnel 1,325,000 2,335,000
Aircraft (all types) 2086 2942
Merchant marine strength 340 2030
Major Ports/Terminals 7 15
Fleet strength 295 714
Submarines 14 68
Telephones – main lines in use 31.08 million (2012) 278.86 million (2012)
Internet users 61.338 million (2009) 389 million (2009)
Doing business with (world bank) Ranked 130 Ranked 81
Infrastructure (World Economic Forum) Ranked 81 Ranked 39
Education (UN Human Development report) “medium” development category ranked 130 “high” development category ranked 90
Global Importance McKinsey & Company globalization report Global connectedness score of 8.5 Global connectedness score of 34.2

ciafacts

Sources: CIA world factbook, wikipedia, public domain, media sources and country data

Shenali D Waduge

මෛත්‍රීපාල සිරිසෙන ජනාධිපති තුමාට කරන පහදාදීමක්,

July 16th, 2016

චාල්ස් එස් පෙරේරා විසින්

ඔබ ලංකාවේ ජනාධිපති වශයෙන් පත්උනාම ඇමෙරිකාව ඇතුළු බටහිර රටවලට මහත් ප්‍රීතියක් හා  උද්යොගයක් ඇති උනා. බ්‍රතාන්‍යයේ රැජිනට පවා ඔබව මහත් හරිසරයෙන්  හඳුන්වාදුන්නා. G8 Summit එකට ආරාධනා කලා. ඇමෙරිකාවේ හා බටහිර රාජ්‍ය නායකයින් ඔබව විශේෂයෙන් පිළිගත්තා. ඔබගැන මෙතරම් ආන්දෝලනයක් බටහිර රාජ්‍ය නායකයන් තුල ඇතිඋනේ මක්නිසාදැයි ඔබ මොහොතකට හෝ හිතුවාද? ඔයවගේ පිළිගැනිමක් සඳහා ඔබේ විශේශත්වය කුමක්විදැයි ඔබ විමසා බැලුවාද ?

ඔබ ලංකාවේ ජනාධිපති වශයෙන් පත්උනාම ඇමෙරිකාව හා බටහිර රටවල්වල ඇතිවූයෙ ලංකාවේ හිටිය ජනාධිපති තුමාගේ පරාජය හා ඔවුන් බලාපොරොත්තු නොවූ ආකාරයේ රාජ්‍ය වෙනසක් ලංකාවේ සිදුවීම නිසා බව ඔබට හැඟුණේ නැද්ද ? එවැනි සිද්ධියක්  ඇත්ත වශයෙන්ම ඇතිවුයේ  රාජපක්ෂ රජයේ අවසානය  බටහිර ලෝකය ලැබූ අතිවිශාල ජයග්‍රහණය නිසාය.  එ රටවල් ඔබට එතරම් කැමැත්තක් දැක්වුයේ ඒ හේතුව නිසා මිසක  වෙන හේතුවක් නිසා නොවන බව ඔබට තේරුම් ගියේ  නැද්ද?

මේ සඳහා අතිවිසාලසේවයක් රනිල් චන්ද්‍රිකා දෙපල විසින් ඇමේරිකාව හා බටහිර  රටවල් උදෙසා ඔවුන්ගේ අවවාද අනුසාසන අනුව සිදුකල  බව ඔබ නොදන්නවා වියහැක. ඔබ එය දන්නවානම් රනිල්ට ඔයවගේ නයගැති බවක් පෙන්විය නොහැක. ඒ අය බලාපොරෝත්තුවුයේ ඔබව  ඒ අයට උවමනාහැටියට නටවන්නයි.

රනිල්ටයි  චන්ද්රිකාටයි උවමනාකලේ රාජපක්ෂ නමත් කැතකරලා  රාජපක්ෂලා දෙශපාලන භූමියෙන්  සදහටම අතුගා දමන්ටයි.  එවිට රනිල්ට ප්‍රභල දේශපාලන විරුද්ධවාදියෙක් නොමැතිකම නිසා  රටේ බලවත් දේශපාලන නාකයෙකු  වීමට මග පාදාගත හැකි බව ඔවුන් දුටුවා. ඔවුන් හිතුවේ « සිරිසේන අපිකියෙනදේට වැඩියෙන් යමක් කරන්නේ නැති නිසා  අපිට ඔනහැටියට අපේ අභිමතාන්තරයන්  ඉෂ්තකරගන්න පුළුවන්» කියලා.

ඒවෙනකොට UNP එකට මුදල්පිලිබඳ ප්‍රශ්නයක් තිබුණා. UNP එකට ඕනෑකම තිබුණා රටේ නීතියත් බැන්කුවත් ඔවුන්ගේ අතට ගන්න.ඒ සඳහා මහින්ද රාජපක්ස කළ වැරදි පෙන්නලා ඔබ බලලෙකුගෙන් කොස් ඇට බාවන තැනට පත් කරලා  අග්‍රවින්ශ්චයකාර මොහාන් පීරිස් මහත්මයා අස්කරවාගෙන රනිල්ටයි චන්ද්රිකාටයි උවමනා විදියෙකෙනෙක් පත්කරගත්තා.

ඊළඟට UNP එකේ මුදල්ප්‍රශ්නයත් උග්‍රවෙමින් පවතින නිසා රනිල්ට උවමනාකම තිබුණා මහ බැංකුවත් ඔහුගේ අතට ගන්න. ඒ සඳහා ඔහුට ඕනෑකමතිබුනා  ඔහුට හිතවත් කෙනෙක් ඒ සඳහා බඳවාගන්න. සමහරක්විට රවී කරුණානායකගේ කීමට මහා බැන්කුවේ ආන්ඩුකාරයා වශයෙන් අර්ජුන් මහේන්ද්‍රන් මහත්මයා තෝරා ගත්තා විය හැකයි. නමුත් ඔවුන්ගේ අවශ්‍යතාවයන් පිරිමහගැනිමට එය ඉතා හොඳ තෝරාගැනීමක්වූ  බව පසුව සිදුවූ ක්‍රියාවන්ගෙන් වැටහෙනවා. මහා බැන්කුවේ ආන්ඩු කාර අර්ජුන් මහේන්ද්‍රන් මහත්මයාගේ පලුමුවෙනික්රියාව වුයේ මහා බැඳුම්කර වංචාවයි.

මේ මහා බැඳුම්කර වංචාවෙන් අර්ජුන් මහේන්ද්‍රන් මහත්මයා ගලවාගැනීමට රනිල් වික්ක්‍රමසින්හ ගන්න වැරවෑයමෙන්  පේනවා මහා බැඳුම්කර වංචාවට  සම්බන්ධව යම්කිසි වගකීමක් ඔහුටත් තියෙන බව. නාමල් රාජපක්ස කලයි කියන විත්තිකාරයෙක්ද නැති වරදකට සිරගතකලනාම් බැදුම්කර වන්චාවට සම්බන්ධබව හොඳට පේන කීපදෙනෙක් සිර නොකරන්නේ මන්දැයි සමහරක්දෙනා  ප්‍රශ්නකරයි. ඒ හොරුන් අල්ලන පොලිසිය FCID එක අගමැතිගේ නියෝග පිළිපදින තැනක් නිසා විය හැක.

ඉන්දියාවත් ඇමෙරිකාව වාගේ බටහිර රටවලුත් රාජපක්ස ආණ්ඩුව පරාජයකලාටපසු  රනිල් චන්ද්‍රිකා එක්ව සිදුකලයුතු තවත් දේවල් සඳහන්කර ඇතිවාට සැකයක් නැත. උතුර  නැගෙනහිර යුද කඳවුරු ඉවත්කිරීම,  අලුත් ව්‍යවස්ථාවක් සකස්කර ලංකාව හැම ආගමක්ම එකසේ සලකන, ජාතිභේද නැති, දෙමළ සිංහල භාෂාදෙකට සමතැනක් දී රටෙකොඩිය වෙනස්කර රටේ හැමජාතියක්ම පිළිගන්නා කොඩියක් සකස්කර ජාතික ගීය සිංහල දෙමළ භාෂාදෙකින්ම ගායනා කිරීම ආදී කරුණු ඉන්දියාවත් ඇමෙරිකාව ඇතුළු බටහිර රටවලුත්  දෙමළ ඩයස්පෝරාව  වෙනුවෙන් ඉල්ලාසිටියාවිය හැක.

මේ අතර විධායක ජනාධිපති ක්‍රමය අහෝසිකර ඒ විධායක බලතල අගමැතිතුමාට පැවරීම රනිල් චන්ද්‍රිකා බලාපොරොත්තු වන වාට සැකයක්නැත. ඔබ මේ ක්‍රියාවලියට අවනතවී බලාසිටිය යුතුද ?

මහින්ද රාජපක්ස මැතිතුමා ඔබට වරදක් කර නැත, නමුත් ඔහුට වරදක් කලේ ඔබය. ඔහු ඔබකලවරදට සමවාදී SLFP පක්ෂයේ සභාපතිධුරය පවා ඔබටපැවරිමටතරම් ඔහු නිහතමානිවිය. නමුත් ඔබ ඔහුට කලේ සතුරුකම්ය.

අද ලංකාව අනතුරකට භාජන්වී පවතින්නේය . තවත්  රනිල් මහත්මයා  අගමැති ධුරයේ සිටිම ශ්‍රී ලංකාවට අනතුරුදායකය. ඔහු ඉන්දියාවත් බටහිර රටවලුත් සමග ගෙන යන වැඩපිලිවල ලංකාවට හිතකර නොවේ. ලංකාවට අලුත් ව්‍යවස්ථාවක් අවශ්‍ය නැත.

අගමැති රනිල් මහතා දේශප්‍රේමියෙක් නොවන  බව ඔබ දන්නවා වියහැක. ඇමෙරිකාව හා බටහිර රටවල් කවරදාකවත් ලංකාව දියුණුකිරීමට උපකාර කරන්නේ  නැත. ඉන්දියාව සමග සම්බන්ධය ඉතා ප්‍රවේසමෙන් ගෙනයායුතුය.  ECTA අත්සන්කිරීම ලංකාවට ප්‍රයෝජනවත් නොවේ. එයත් යෝජිත ඉන්දියාව ලංකාව සම්බන්ද කරන පාලම සෑදීමත් නතරකල යුතුය. දෙමළුන්  ඉල්ලන හැම දෙයක් දීම විනාශකාරී පිළිවෙතකි.

ඔබ තවතවත් රනිල්ට නයගැතියයි  ඔහුට බාල්දුවී  සිටීම  රටට අහිතකරය. ඔබට ලංකාවේ ජනාධිපති වශයෙන් තවත්  විශාල වැඩකොටසක් කළයුතුව ඇත. රනිල් අගමැතිවශයෙන් තියාගෙන ඔබට ඒ වැඩකොටස කලනොහැක. මංගල සමරවිරද ගෙනයන්නේ ඔබට විරෝධී වැඩපිළිවලක්ය. මෙවුන්ගෙන් වෙන්ව ඉදිරිගමන යා යුතුව ඇත. ඒ සඳහා දුමින්ද දිසානායක වෙනුවට වෙනකෙනෙක්  පක්ෂයේ  ලේකම්වශයෙන් පත්කලයුතුය.

අකමැත්තෙන් උවද ඔබට දැන්  ලංකාව වෙනුවෙන් මහින්ද රාජපක්ස මහතා සමග ඉදිරිගමන යෑමට පෙළගැසිය යුතු කාල දැන් පැමිණ  තිබේ. එය සිංහල බෞද්ධ ජනතාවගේද කැමැත්තට  හේතුවනවා ඇත. මේ ගැන බුද්ධිමත්ව  හිතා බලා  තීරණයක් ගන්නා  ලෙස ලාංකික සිංහල බෞද්ධ ජනතාව වෙනුවෙන් දැනුවත් කරමි. ඔවුන් වෙනුවෙන් ඉල්ලා සිටිමි.

RETRIBUTION AT  NICE

July 16th, 2016

Malin Abeyatunge

All Sri Lankans once the victims of brutal Tamil terrorism for almost 30 years day in and day out totally  condemn the brutal terrorist attack  on innocent Parisians who were enjoying a National Day (Bastille Day) celebrations in NICE killing  84 people and maiming hundreds of others. This is the third terrorist attack over the last two years alleged to be another massacre by ISIS. Our deepest sympathies are with the families of the victims of this inhuman dastardly act.

It’s suffice to remind at this moment  the UK and French Governments when they sent their Foreign Ministers  Bernard Kuschner (French) and David Milliband (UK) to Sri Lanka at the height of the war against the LTTE terrorist  outfit requesting then President Rajapaksa of the Sri Lankan Government to stop the war against the terrorists to save Prabhakaran and his LTTE brutalists ,would have had to face terrorism on their soil someday. Thanks for ex President Mahinda Rajapaksa who shoved them off through the back door asking them to mind their own  back yards first without interfering in our country’s affairs. Ex-President Mahinda Rajapaksa  who did not budge an inch from his stand but continued the war on LTTE until the LTTE was annihilated conclusively and  saved Sri Lankans from this deadly terrorist group. Unfortunately he became a pariah for the western world including France for not listening to them. The French Government has already declared war against the ISIS terrorist outfit  having experienced  three terrorist incidents during the last two years and last one being the attack this week at NICE. (I think Sri Lanka should send some emissaries to France requesting to stop any intended war against ISIS in the same way French former FM Bernard Kuschner asked our ex-President to stop the war against LTTE, the most brutal terrorist outfit in the world.

The whole world is now in unison with condemning this brutal attack and we have no qualms for that as we too condemn any terrorist act by any group in any part of the world.

In fact, over the last thirty years, Paris became the International Money laundering center for LTTE once led by LTTE Lawrence Thilagar.  There are still LTTE cells operating in Paris unhindered. As I remember right, one council allowed the LTTE cells in Paris to build a statue of LTTE terrorist leader Prabhakaran. It was so happened or not, I do not know.

Let the present French Government open their eyes at least now and treat all terrorists alike  whether it’s ISIS, Alqueda or LTTE  without any double standards and stop harboring them. Bernard Kuschner former French Foreign Mister should be shameful of his own dastardly act to save LTTE terrorist group by asking Ex-President Mahinda Rajapaksa to stop the war against LTTE.

Let me also mention that former London Mayor Ken Livingstone allowed LTTE (Once most brutal terrorist group in the world) allowed prestigious venue like Trafalgar Square to celebrate Tamil Day on May 18 , the day the LTTE was conclusively defeated by the then Government lead by ex-President Mahinda Rajapaksa. This is what Ken Livingstone alleged to have told;

Quote“I want to work with the British Tamil forum and every year we can give Trafalgar Square to the Tamil community of London to organise an event like this,” Livingstone is quoted as saying at a Tamils for Labour meeting organised by the separatist pro-LTTE groups in East London. Unquote

The step taken by Ken was obediently followed by the subsequent Mayor Of London  Boris Johnson  providing prestigious venues for LTTE rallies. He is now the new UK Foreign Minister.  I hope he will at least now do the right thing by not molly coddling the LTTE  activists in dubious names and fronts now living in UK and continue their terrorist agenda unhindered.

The Paris attack may be by Muslim terrorists, but world should not forget that there are other terrorist outfits as well and treat TERORISTS AS TERRORISTS WITHOUT ANY DOUBLE STANDARD.

Malin Abeyatunge

17/7/2016 

REMEMBER: The West is experiencing the same terrorism Sri Lanka went through for 30 years

July 16th, 2016

Shenali D Waduge

The only difference was the French terrorist shouted ‘Allahu Akbar’ while Sri Lanka’s LTTE terrorists shouted ‘Separate Tamil State’. In France between 1914 and 2014, some 150 people were killed in bombings, targeted assassinations, and plane hijackings. In January 2015 twenty three died from attacks as a result of Charlie Hebdo cartoon. 130 people died the same year in November in Central Paris. The latest has been the 84 deaths on Bastille Day. From January 2015 to July 2016, 230 people have died from terror attacks. The Tunisian the lorry driver shouted “Allahu akbar!” before carrying out the attack. The LTTE shouts throughout 30 years while carrying out over 300 suicide attacks were for ‘Eelam’ separate state the same which the Tamil National Alliance is now seeking. Can the West at least now understand LTTE terrorism, that West still entertains elements of LTTE and why all terrorists and their supporters must now be dealt with? The LTTE leader and his ground-terrorists are dead but the ones supporting them are very much upto no good just like Al Qaeda leader Osama bin Laden is no more but Al Qaeda-linked terrorists are now entering the soil of nations that nurtured them.

 The West cries ‘War on Terror’ while Prof. Michael Choudovsvky and an eminent list of others have qualified their statements with evidence to show that the Islamic terrorism is funded by the West with Muslim majority states supplying Wahhabi Islamic terrorists to realize West’s geopolitical goals.

Islamic terrorism created by the West

Therefore, when media reports “Al-Qaeda ‘planning major terror attack against West’ from Afghanistan” http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/2016/05/22/al-qaeda-planning-major-terror-attack-against-west-from-afghanis/ shouldn’t we wonder why the West are fighting against the monsters they have created and why are so much of money being allocated for counter terrorism when it is going after the same entities they have created?

Terrorism can be stopped if West stops funding, training and arming terrorists. Its as simple as that.

It’s a case of a monster being created and unleashed and thereafter claiming to run after the monster but bombing others! The most flogged argument is ‘some Muslims attack the West in retaliation for Western violence aimed at Muslims”.

What arises from this is the question of how innocent lives have become victims of a group of maniacs with guns that have been supported by very powerful nations for their own political games. Who has gained? The arms industries fund both the terrorists and the countries which have been targeted. The counter terrorism experts end up securing plum jobs and telling us how to cure problems conveniently omitting to name the roots of the problem. The UN and its bodies and experts join in pulling out their book of rules that are only applicable to non-Western nations. The illegalities, interferences into Sri Lanka’s internal affairs by the entire UN system is testimony as is a report by some 55 organizations that claim UN bias against Syria https://www.middleeastmonitor.com/20160616-55-organisations-accuse-the-un-of-bias-in-its-humanitarian-operations-in-syria/

If all this is true what is worrying is that innocent armed forces personnel from the West are being sent to destroy the very people that their governments created and die in battle while the Islamic terrorists also end up dead though the supply continues. This is quite a frightening yet realistic scenario.

Is LTTE and now TNA a geopolitical ploy of West-India nexus?

Is the LTTE story the same? India stands guilty of first taking unemployed Sri Lankan Tamil youth and training them clandestinely in various camps throughout India and returning under tutelage of Indian intelligence with the explicit orders to destabalize Sri Lanka. That various LTTE fronts were operating from the West fundraising, providing material support and even having open offices to which Western politicians have no qualms about attending or even speaking atop their stages, some of these LTTE front leaders are VIP and regular visitors to even the UN and UNHRC and pushing for every word the LTTE had been demanding. These are no coincidence demands. The people of the West are only now beginning to realize the true nature of terrorism. Everyone stood silent with a simply sympathetic statement when LTTE were killing innocent children, women, men, clergy, intentionally destroying ancient Sinhala Buddhist cultural property, killing unarmed soldiers, injured and sick soldiers and people of all ethnic groups were killed which is why the world and Sri Lanka’s leaders and the Sri Lankan public must correct that Sri Lanka had/has a TERRORIST PROBLEM AND NOT AN ETHNIC PROBLEM.

To add to the injury the West has inducted westernized Indians to do their bidding thus we see a host of Indian-Americans entering the diplomatic scene and dictating how Sri Lanka should run its country. Surely, they can’t take all the people for fools. Brexit was a fine example of how the real Brits stood up against the systems that prevail to deliver an unexpected blow to how the establishments had been running.

With a very unusual shift in Indian foreign policy tagging to West it is anyone’s guess whether LTTE too has been used to fulfil West & India’s geopolitical goals. The recent announcement of the US plans to build a New Office Building, U.S. Marine Residence, Compound Access Control facilities, Maintenance Building, Utility Building, and a Warehouse, a US$ 155 million contract given to Caddell Construction Company immediately calls to mind the Kosovo independence and Camp Bondsteel built immediately after Kosovo was given independence. http://sputniknews.com/europe/20160328/1037105115/camp-bondsteel-serbia-kosovo-military-camp.html US is steadily using the Ranil Government to create a satellite state out of Sri Lanka.

Islamic terrorist mauled over 80 people riding on a truck in Nice, France. What makes this terror attack any different from the scales of attack Sri Lanka went through under LTTE and what did the world do about ending terrorism in Sri Lanka. Now after the former Government ended terrorism or at least the ground force of the LTTE including its leader the Western powers are bringing resolutions to punish the soldiers that sacrificed their lives to rid the nation of terrorism and Sri Lanka became the only country to do so. Is there any point in bringing these hometruths into the open when obviously the duplicitous agendas and motives continues with scant regard to the hypocrisies that prevail?

The West & UN ignored LTTE attacks throughout 30 years

January 31, 1996 – Central Bank LTTE bombing

Killed at least 91 people and injured 1,400 others. At least 100 people lost their eyesight. Among the wounded were two US citizens, six Japanese, and one Dutch national

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https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Asrtn5xTDdE

October 15, 1997 – Colombo World Trade Centre bombing was Sri Lanka 10/15 which killed 15 people and wounded 105 including several British tourists

shenali15071602

25 January 1998 – Majority Buddhists in Sri Lanka devastated by LTTE suicide truck bomb on Temple of the Tooth houses the relic of the tooth of the Buddha, and is also a UNESCO designated World Heritage Site

shenali1507160316 people including a 2year old child died from the LTTE attack. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=c10n-WultaM

16 October 2006 – Digampathana LTTE suicide truck bombing
LTTE suicide truck kills over 112 Sri Lanka sailors – unarmed, injured and travelling home

shenali15071604shenali15071605

Terrorism is the same wherever it is committed

Terrorists are the same whoever they are

The men behind the terrorists and terrorism post greater threats than the terrorists.

Say no to terrorists and terrorism and to the evil men who create, fund, arm, train and order these maniac killers on the loose

We in Sri Lanka can only empathize with the people of France in their suffering. Believe us we know the agony they are going through. We went through this every day, every month and every year for 30 years. Only after ending terrorists did all the human rights activists, the UN, the UNSG, media began asking questions while they were not bothered to ask how many innocent people the LTTE killed. No one bothered to count the dead killed by LTTE leave alone make a documentary or write a book against LTTE.

Shenali D Waduge

The White Western Community Identifies an Augusto Pinochet in Sri Lanka-  RW Files (Part 4)

July 16th, 2016

By Gandara John

In the background of events of 1983 and 1987 and in the context of RW being EW’s son, the White Western Community saw a silver lining in this dark scenario; political analysts say that this community identified RW as having the potential of one of their all time favourites, Augusto Pinochet, the one time Dictator of Chile.

The linchpin of the South American abattoir too had no qualms in keeping the archetypal ‘front door’ ajar, allowing discredited Neo Feudal economic rapists like Friedmans and Von Hayeks of the world a free run in his mother country.

The Global Feudalists wasted no time in snapping up RW and signing him up (like Pinochet) as a member of one of their most dreaded secret White organisations; the Mont Pelerin Society, is committed to wiping out countries of Asia and Africa off the map of the world by dismantling their existing State boundaries, emasculating the authority of those State Governments over all or part of their territory, redrawing new boundaries   and denigrating the concept of Westphalian State Sovereignty in their avowed bid to re colonize the world and establish a One World White Government.

The Mont Pelerin Society has often been described as the international version of the Ku Klux Klan.

RW as a member of this odious secret White Society solemnly pledged loyalty to the Mont Pelerin objectives which by their rationale includes wiping out the Sovereign State of Sri Lanka.

RW’s membership in the Mont Pelerin Society is ominous in the context of the proxy war of terror of 30 years that violently attempted to redraw the State boundaries of Sri Lanka and enfeeble the Government by challenging its authority over 1/3rd of its territory and 2/3rd of its coastline, an attempt that was endorsed by RW when he signed the CFA.

It is perhaps prudent for historians to record for posterity that it was Washington that desperately attempted to rescue the terrorist leadership and save the terrorists from their coup de grace at Nandikadal when Sri Lankan forces were engaged in rescuing 250000 Tamil hostages in one of the biggest and most difficult humanitarian operations the world has seen.

RW’s membership in this ‘Ku Klux Klan’ type organisation is ominous in the context of the subterfuge being used by the White Western Countries – defeated in the proxy terrorist war – when they attempt anew to rehash Sri Lanka’s boundaries and emasculate the authority of the Centre, citing Human Rights, democracy, devolution, reconciliation and the like.

And RW’s membership in the Mont Pelerin Society is further ominous in the context of the ‘Wipe – Out – Sri Lanka’ Constitution being furtively hatched in Scotland with US aid by Ratnapala and other Mont Pelerinists that threatens to redraw State boundaries and enervate the authority of the government not just over 1/3 of its territory and 2/3rd of its coastline, but additionally over large chunks of territory in the plantation area (that dominates the island’s economy, water, power and electronic communication) and the USIS terrorist prone South East of the island.

Although concealed from the people upto now, the contents of the draft Constitution are well known to the Sinhalese, Tamil and Muslim Feudalists who have been travelling to Scotland on US funds, to be involved in the making of the ‘Doomsday Constitution’.

Critics pose the question “How can RW honestly serve as the Prime Minister of Sri Lanka when he has secretly vowed to the extreme White Western Bigots that he is committed to breaking down the Sovereign State of Sri Lanka?”

Critics assert that his appointment as PM being unconstitutional, that he came into this position by a Political Coup d’état hatched by the Global and Regional Feudalists, that he has no progeny after him to be sensitive to the future needs of Sri Lanka, beg two fundamental questions: ‘Does not RW’s membership in the Mont Pelerin Society make him culpable of treacherous conduct’ and ‘Does this membership not incapacitate him from holding any public office in Sri Lanka, let alone the office of Prime Minister?”

But RW leads a charmed life; he appears to be above the law. The Sovereignty of the country may have been surrendered but the White Western Countries have proclaimed RW to be sovereign and he acts the part, a pretender though he may be.

ETCA  ANOTHER 1987 JR-Rajiv GANDHI INDO-LANKA PACT?

July 16th, 2016

Sudath Gunasekara 16.7.2016.

The whole country knows the historic blunder JR did in 1987 and the political mess this country has fallen in to since then.  It is true that JR was compelled to sing it under duress. But that is no excuse at all for the betrayal he did as the elected Head of the Government of this country.

I annex here a copy of the 1987 Indo-Lanka Agreement signed between JR Jayawardhana and Rajeev Gandhi for easy reference

1 Text of 1987 Indo-Lanka JR-RJIV Agreement

The President of the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka, His Excellency Mr. J.R. Jayawardene, and the Prime Minister of the Republic of India, His Excellency Mr. Rajiv Gandhi, having met at Colombo on July 29, 1987.

Attaching utmost importance to nurturing, intensifying and strengthening the traditional friendship of Sri Lanka and India, and acknowledging the imperative need of resolving the ethnic problem of Sri Lanka, and the consequent violence, and for the safety, well being, and prosperity of people belonging to all communities in Sri Lanka.

Have this day entered into the following agreement to fulfill this objective.

IN THIS CONTEXT,

1.1 Desiring to preserve the unity, sovereignty and territorial integrity of Sri Lanka:

1.2 Acknowledging that Sri Lanka is a “multi-ethnic and a multi-lingual plural society” consisting, inter alia, of Sinhalese, Tamils, Muslims (Moors) and Burghers:

1.3 Recognising that each ethnic group has a distinct cultural and linguistic identity which has to be carefully nurtured:

1.4 Also recognising that the Northern and the Eastern Provinces have been areas of historical habitation of Sri Lankan Tamil speaking peoples, who have at all times hitherto lived together in this territory with other ethnic groups:

1.5 Conscious of the necessity of strengthening the forces contributing to the unity, sovereignty and territorial integrity of Sri Lanka, and preserving its character as a multi ethnic, multi lingual and multi religious plural society in which all citizens can live in equality, safety and harmony, and prosper and fulfil their aspirations:

  1. Resolve that

2.1 Since the government of Sri Lanka proposes to permit adjoining provinces to join to form one administrative unit and also by a referendum to separate as may be permitted to the Northern and Eastern Provinces as outlined below:

2.2 During the period, which shall be considered an interim period (i.e. from the date of the elections to the Provincial Council, as specified in para 2.B to the date of the referendum as specified in para 2.3) the Northern and Eastern Provinces as now constituted, will form one administrative unit, having one elected Provincial Council. Such a unit will have one Governor, one Chief Minister and one Board of Ministers.

2.3 There will be a referendum on or before 31st of December 1988 to enable the people of the Eastern Province to decide whether:

  1. A) The Eastern Province should remain linked with the Northern Province as one administrative unit, and continue to be governed together with the Northern Province as specified in para 2.2 or:
  2. B) The Eastern Province should constitute a separate administrative unit having its own distinct Provincial Council with a separate Governor, Chief Minister and Board of Ministers

The President may, at his discretion, decide to postpone such a referendum.

2.4 All persons who have been displaced due to ethnic violence or other reasons, will have the right to vote in such a referendum. Necessary conditions to enable them to return to areas from where they were displaced will be created.

2.5 The referendum when held will be monitored by a committee headed by the Chief Justice, a member appointed by the President, nominated by the Government of Sri Lanka, and a member appointed by the President, nominated by the representatives of the Tamil speaking people of the Eastern Province.

2.6 A simple majority will be sufficient to determine the result of the referendum.

2.7 Meetings and other forms of propaganda, permissible within the laws of the country, will be allowed before the referendum.

2.8 Elections to Provincial Councils will be held within the next three months, in any event before the 31st December 1987. Indian observers will be invited for elections to the Provincial Council in the North and East.

2.9 The Emergency will be lifted in the Eastern and Northern Provinces by August 15, 1987. A cessation of hostilities will come into effect all over the Island within 48 hours of the signing of this Agreement. All arms presently held by Militant Groups will be surrendered in accordance with an agreed procedure to authorities to be designated by the government of Sri Lanka.

Consequent to the cessation of hostilities and the surrender of arms by Militant Groups, the Army and other security personnel will be confined to barracks in camps as on 25th May 1987. The process of surrendering of arms and the confining of security personnel and moving back to barracks shall be completed within 72 hours of the cessation of hostilities coming into effect.

2.10 The government of Sri Lanka will utilise for the purpose of law enforcement and maintenance of security in the Northern and Eastern Provinces the same organisations and mechanisms of government as are used in the rest of the country.

2.11 The President of Sri Lanka will grant a general amnesty to political and other prisoners now held in custody under the Prevention of Terrorism Act and other Emergency Laws, and to Combatants, as well as to those persons accused, charged and/or convicted under these Laws. The government of Sri Lanka will make special efforts to rehabilitate militant youth with a view to bringing them back into the mainstream of national life. India will co-operate in the process.

2.12 The government of Sri Lanka will accept and abide by the above provisions and expect all others to do likewise.

2.13 If the framework for the resolutions is accepted, the government of Sri Lanka will implement the relevant proposals forthwith.

2.14 The government of India will underwrite and guarantee the resolutions, and co- operate in the implementation of these proposals.

2.15 These proposals are conditional to an acceptance of the proposals negotiated from 4.5.1986 to 19.12.86. Residual matters not finalised during the above negotiations shall be resolved between India and Sri Lanka within a period of six weeks of signing this Agreement. These proposals are also conditional to the government of India co-operating directly with the government of Sri Lanka in their implementation.

2.16 These proposals are also conditional to the government of India taking the following actions if any Militant Groups operating in Sri Lanka do not accept this frameworK of proposals for a settlement, namely,

  1. A) India will take all necessary steps to ensure that Indian territory is not used for activities prejudicial to the unity, integrity and security of Sri Lanka.
  2. B) The Indian Navy/Coastguard will co-operate with the Sri Lanka Navy in preventing Tamil Militant activities from affecting Sri Lanka.
  3. C) In the event that the government of Sri Lanka requests the government of India to afford military assistance to implement these proposals the government of India will co-operate by giving to the government of Sri Lanka such military assistance as and when requested.
  4. D) The government of India will expedite repatriation from Sri Lanka of Indian citizens to India who are resident here, concurrently with the repatriation of Sri Lankan refugees from Tamil Nadu.
  5. E) The government of Sri Lanka and India will co-operate in ensuring the physical security and safety of all communities inhabiting the Northern and Eastern Provinces.

2.17 The government of Sri Lanka shall ensure free, full and fair participation of voters from all communities in the Northern and Eastern Provinces in electoral processes envisaged in this Agreement. The government of India will extend full co-operation to the government of Sri Lanka in this regard.

2.18 The official language of Sri Lanka shall be Sinhala. Tamil and English will also be official languages.

  1. This Agreement and the Annexures thereto shall come into force upon signature

In witness whereof we have set our hands and seals hereunto.

Done in Colombo, Sri Lanka, on this the twenty ninth day of July of the year one thousand nine hundred and eighty seven, in duplicate, both texts being equally authentic.

Junius Richard Jayawardene, President of the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka Rajiv Gandhi, Prime Minister of the Republic of India

2 ETCA (Excerpts (Not Official)

Article 1: Objectives

The objectives of this Agreement are:

  1. To strengthen and advance the economic, trade, investment and technology cooperation between the two parties;
  2. To promote further liberalization of trade in goods, liberalizing trade in services between the two Parties and gradually establish fair, transparent and facilitative trading, investment and investment protection mechanisms;
  3. To expand areas of economic cooperation and establish a cooperation mechanism.

Article 2: Cooperation Measures

The two Parties have agreed, in consideration of their economic conditions, to take measures including but not limited to the following, in order to strengthen economic exchange and cooperation:

  1. Gradually reducing or eliminating tariff and non-tariff barriers to trade between the two Parties;
  2. Gradually reducing or eliminating restrictions on in trade in services between the two parties;
  3. Providing investment protection and promoting two way investment;
  4. Promoting trade and investment facilitation and industry exchanges and cooperation;
  5. Promoting Technology cooperation and transfer of technology and knowhow.

Chapter 2 

Article 1: Trade In Goods

… skipping cause not controversial

Article 2: Trade In Services

  1. The two Parties have agreed to conduct consultations on an agreement on trade in services no later than six months after the entry into force of this Agreement, and expeditiously conclude such consultations.
  2. The consultation on the agreement on trade in services shall seek to:
    1. gradually reduce or eliminate restrictions in trade in services between the two Parties;
    2. enhance cooperation in trade in services between the two Parties.
  3. Either Party may accelerate the liberalization or elimination of restrictive measures at its discretion on the basis of the commitments to liberalization in the agreement on trade in services.

Article 3: Investment

… skipping

Chapter 3

Article 1: Objectives

Parties shall seek to:

  1. Strengthen and enhance economic co-operation between them on the basis of equality and mutual benefit
  2. Explore new areas of and develop appropriate measures for closer economic co-operation as a means to greater economic integration between the two countries; and
  3. Support and augment economic cooperation in accordance with developmental needs of each other and the welfare of their respective peoples.

Article 2: Scope Of Cooperation

  1. To enhance and expand the benefits of this Agreement, the two parties have agreed to strengthen cooperation in areas including, but not limited to, the following:
    1. intellectual property rights protection and cooperation;
    2. financial cooperation;
    3. trade promotion and facilitation;
    4. customs cooperation;
    5. e-commerce cooperation;
    6. discussion on the overall arrangements and key areas for industrial cooperation in major projects, and coordination of the resolution of issues that may arise in the course of industrial cooperation between the two Parties;
    7. promotion of the mutual establishment of offices by economic and trade bodies of the two Parties.
  2. The two Parties shall expeditiously conduct consultation on the specific programs and contents of the cooperation matters listed in this Article.

Chapter 4: Technology Cooperation

… This section is missing in the scanned document

Since the whole nation now knows the irreparable historic damage and the Augean political and social mess JR-Rajiv Pact 1987 did to this country all patriotic citizens of mother Lanka should rise in one voice against this treacherous sell out disregarding their all blind political party affiliations as.

Dear all put your country before parochial and blind political sentiments because in the first place you must have a neck to tie a necklace (Tella bandiita bellak tiyenta one).

You have to decide whether we are going to protect and preserve our 2500 year old glorious civilization or be a vassal State of India for ever as JR wanted in 1930 as shown in the following quotation.

 

“ A free Lanka , Independent of all other nations of the world, is difficult to conceive of. An Indo-Lanka Federation may have to be discussed, may even have to be planned for and may be useful for us to achieve,– our present political aspirations are out of date and must be replaced by new conceptions and a fresh outlook.

India and Lanka must be one unit for the purpose of defense. In the Federal Legislature (Indian that he proposed), Lanka must be accorded a status equivalent to the status of the Indian Provinces.

It is not possible for us ever to be again the Lanka of Old. We can only dream of the Dutugemunu and Parakramabahu and of the deeds of valour of the Sinhalese heroes against the invaders from India. I visualize a greater future for Lanka and its people, yet citizens of a greater and powerful India…”

These were the strong words he used and views he held as a member of the National Congress as reported by Michael Roberts (1977) in his ‘Documents of the Ceylon National Congress 1929-1950 Vol (11)  (Pp 2802-2803).

Also note what has already happened to us due to the blunders done by our politicians and their lack of patriotism and far reaching vision on the future of this Island nation.

Already India has completely invaded this Island nation in all respects. Now look at the following list.

In recent history

1The1987 Constitution has been tampered and reduced it to a mere piece of waste paper with the JR-Rajeev Pact and the 13th Amendment

2 They already invaded this Island in 1987 disregarding the Sovereignty of the Island Nation

3 They trained and armed the LTTE to ousted the democratically elected Government of this country

4 They continue the dialogue with the estate Tamils and all other Tamils as people of Indian origin to destabilize the Sri Lankan Government

5They rob our fisheries resources and insist  that their fishermen be given rights to fish in our waters.

6 The Indian Government keep deaf, dumb and blind to Tamilnadu politicians all vituperative behaviour and interferences  with our sovereignty

7 continue to sent waves of illegal immigrants in thousands tot his country

8 Invade the whole economy, for example, Banking, service sector, labour market, transport inclidng monopoly in the vehicles, construction, trade, distribution of fuel, household items. Textiles( so much so there want be  a single marriage ceremony if we don’t get sarees from India).

9 In short from the simple pin and the joysticks to fighter jets and Ships we depend on India

The list is un-exhaustive. I leave it to you to make your own list for brevity)

All Sri Lankans know how India had treated us even from prehistoric times.

Starting from Rama in pre-historic times, and then from 2nd century BC downward with Sena- Guttika the horse traders, Elara. And the most devastative and destructive 12th century Magha  invasion, that completely destroyed our Anuradhapura and Polnnaruwa civilization and force us to shift to the south West wilderness. (from which we have not been able to recover up to date) there had been  continuous waves of Indian invasions by their unquenched   greed to capture this Pearl of the Indian Ocean and finally

1 the subversive invasion of the Kandyan Kingdom by Nayakkars after Vijaya Rajasingha was enthroned by conjugal conspiracy

Are these two men, JR and his nephew Ranil, the reincarnations of Don Juan Dharmapala of Kotte?

The most important question before the whole nation and all those who are supposed to represent them in Parliament is, are they all going to allow Ranil and his UNpatriotic Government together with Chandrika and Sirisena to commit another irreversible historic blunder to reduce this country to a regional vassal State of India as JR dreamt in 1930s.

Are we going to remain deaf, dumb and blind again like a bunch of monkeys as they already did in 1987 while these treacherous politicians bury our 2500 year old glorious nation for ever?

කුණු කන්ද කඩා වැටේ ….Island What did I predict ? I wrote that this will happen on 24th June !

July 16th, 2016

Sarath Obeysekera 

Quote

SOLUTION FOR GARBAGE PROBLEM GONE INTO “ DUSTBIN” ??

Rain came and went ,Then Floods came and gone .Garbage heap in Metthotamulle was washed down ruining houses and created health hazard

Megapois had mega  plans to solve the problem .Called Requests for Proposals from bidders to submit investment proposals to treat the garbage and generate power .

All of them asked government to pay a “tipping fee” for taking in the garbage for treatment as the investment is quite high .

In other countries the state pays the companies for receiving the garbage as the state can collect money from households by way of charging higher rates .

Megapois is reluctant to pay a tipping fee and no investor will come

Let us wait for the next monsoon and ever growing mountain OF  Meethotamulle which is an eyesore will become a monument of stupidity, shortsighted policies and ignorance of the ministers and managers in Megapolis .

One day it will collapse and come down like the mountains in Aranayake or even explode like Salawa ( due to Meethane gas generated inside the heap) and burry the poor and we will declare a week of national mourning.

 


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