ICRC Sri Lanka during final phase of war

January 21st, 2014

 Shenali D Waduge

The ICRC started operations in Sri Lanka in 1989, an invitation extended by late President Premadasa following his tryst with the LTTE and with LTTE expanding its terror ICRC was able to expand its operations too. What is noteworthy is that ICRC established its offices in areas that were held by LTTE and this certainly questions ICRC’s claim to be ‘impartial’ ‘neutral’ and ‘independent’ as set out by its global mission statement established in 1863. We run through some of ICRC’s past.

 Accentuating these ambiguities further is how an impartial, neutral and independent body would call for the immediate declaration of a demilitarized zone in the area covering the Jaffna Fort and the Jaffna hospital. This was declared in July 1990. In fact John Amaratunga then Minister accepted the proposal of the ICRC to the surprise of all which eventually resulted in the overrunning of Kokavil and Kilinochchi by the LTTE and major battle losses for the Sri Lankan Military even having to vacate Mankulam. “Why should we have demilitarized zones and ceasefires when they are brutally massacring innocent people? I am not in a mood for any demilitarized zone or ceasefire” was what State Minister for Defense Ranjan Wijeratne had to say when he learnt of the move to declare a demilitarized zone by the ICRC with blessings of John Amaratunga!

 In another example that questions the impartial / neutral and independence of the ICRC was its suggestion to give publicity to LTTE’s release of 15 Tamil speaking policemen. Ranjan Wijeratne had pointed out that LTTE had killed 600 policemen so the release of 15 policemen was a mere publicity gimmick. While ICRC was working towards demilitarized zones ” LTTE had even stormed the Kattankudy mosque killing 150 Muslims in prayer. What needs to be reiterated is that the ICRC did not make ANY COMMENT on LTTE atrocities during this entire period. Much of ICRC’s records of actions throughout this period where LTTE’s atrocities were at an all time high reveals a high degree of bias which the international agency needs to accept without defending itself.

 Some of ICRC’s press briefings closer to the end of war reveals some clues missed out by the Sri Lankan Government in arguing Sri Lanka’s case internationally.

 ICRC director of operations Pierre Kr¤henb¼hl  (21 April 2009 ” Press Briefing in Sri Lanka) 

http://www.icrc.org/eng/resources/documents/press-briefing/sri-lanka-press-briefing-210409.htm

 ” The hostilities are now taking place in a very narrow stretch of land along the eastern coastline of Sri Lanka. And within that narrow stretch, which had been declared a ‘no-fire zone’ by the government, tens of thousands of civilians remain trapped. At present we put their estimate at 50,000, (This was the ICRC press statement issued on 21st April 2009 declaring that their estimate of the Tamil civilians inside the no fire zone was 50,000 ” this means that upto 21st April even ICRC did not know that the LTTE had 300,000 people ” obviously we would need to question how many of them were civilians and how many were LTTE posing as civilians. There is also the question of the possibility that a large number of these people could have also been Indian illegal immigrants in which case it behoves the GOSL to determine how many Tamils in the North are actually Sri Lankan Tamils given that we are aware that the LTTE used Tamil Nadu as a transit hub and Tamil Nadu Indians were regularly making their way to Sri Lanka’s north during LTTE reign)

 ” They have repeatedly been prevented from leaving the area by the LTTE and are exposed at every turn to consequences of the hostilities between the government and the LTTE. (Key words ” REPEATEDLY PREVENTED FROM LEAVING THE AREA BY LTTE ” EXPOSED TO CONSEQUENCES OF HOSTILITIES ” It is therefore the LTTE who compromised the lives of their own people. We continue to question how many of these civilians were in fact functioning as civilians. In an armed conflict as Sri Lanka’s situation has been defined civilians lose their rights as civilians if they have been functioning as combatants (by force or voluntarily, a soldier does not have time to determine which before defending himself from terrorists)

 ” The LTTE must keep its fighters and other military resources well away from places where civilians are concentrated, and specifically and urgently allow civilians who want to leave the area to do so safely, ” (these statements pose little doubt that the LTTE were keeping civilians by force and that the ICRC who were very much inside the war zone knew exactly how LTTE were treating these civilians and dragging them by force)

 ICRC has also reminded the parties of the prohibition on attacking persons hors de combat (in other words, those no longer participating in hostilities) and of the obligation to treat captured combatants humanely.

 (Whether civilians were participating in combat or not the 300,000 (we stop short of terming them ‘civilians’ for we cannot determine how many actually took part in some sort of terror activity) who eventually came to the Government side were given receptions that no Western nations currently in combat operations on invading nations treat the civilians in those countries)

 ICRC Operational Update (17 March 2009)

 ” Many of these people are forced to shelter in trenches. They are in considerable physical danger. After having been forced to move from place to place en masse for weeks or even months, they depend entirely on food from outside the conflict area. “ (this takes us back to the visuals of C4 where much of the images relayed were of people in trenches and we can now determine how these footage came about)

 Note: During the final phase of the conflict, the ICRC evacuated 13,800 casualties and accompanying relatives from the war zone to Trincomalee by sea ” while the Sri Lankan Armed forces laying down 5000 military lives saved close to 300,000 Tamil civilians!

 Then we come to instances when ICRC staff acting like politicians.

  • Reference by ICRC to ‘both sides” in describing the movement of civilians ” there is no ‘both sides’ to the question of civilians. The Tamil civilians were ALL accompanying the LTTE voluntarily or by force, either way the Tamil civilians were with the LTTE and only those that managed to free themselves from the LTTE managed to cross over to the Government side.
  • Reference by ICRC to ‘both sides” came the very day that LTTE refused passage to ambulances and 2 ICRC staff from leaving LTTE controlled areas to Vavuniya hospital despite UN appeals.

Wiki cable clearly exonerates Sri Lanka Army from the false allegations being made

The relevance of this cable is that it was the US Ambassador himself sending a memo after his meeting with ICRC head of operations which clearly indicated that the army did not deliberately shell and in fact delayed the inevitable victory taking to consideration the civilian factor while the LTTE purposely kept civilians or kept themselves among the civilians. Proof of this was evident when a suicide bomber dressed as a civilian blew herself up near a makeshift refugee reception center killing military personnel as well as Tamil civilians.

 Wiki cable by US Ambassador to Geneva Clint Williamson on July 15, 2009 after meeting with Jacque de Maio, ICRC Head of Operations for South Asia on 9 July 2009.

 “On the LTTE, de Maio said that it had tried to keep civilians in the middle of a permanent state of violence. It (LTTE) saw the civilian population as a ‘protective asset’ and kept its fighters embedded amongst them. De Maio said that the LTTE commanders, objective was to keep the distinction between civilian and military assets blurred. They would often respond positively when ICRC complained to the LTTE about stationing weapons at a hospital, for example. The LTTE would move the assets away, but as they were constantly shifting these assets, they might just show up in another unacceptable place shortly thereafter.” 

 “De Maio said it would be hard to state that there was a systematic order to LTTE fighters to stick with civilians in order to draw fire. Civilians were indeed under ‘physical coercion not to go here or there,’ he said. Thus, the dynamics of the conflict were that civilians were present all the time. This makes it very difficult to determine though at what point such a situation becomes a case of ‘human shields.’ -  (If civilians were kept by force while LTTE was fighting with the Sri Lankan Army, the LTTE must shoulder all blame for putting civilians in harms way. Numerous appeals both international and local were made to the LTTE to release these civilians ” LTTE refused to do so. Not stopping at that LTTE even used these civilians in combat and in an armed conflict these civilians automatically become combatants)

 “The army was determined not to let the LTTE escape from its shrinking territory, even though this meant the civilians being kept hostage by the LTTE were at increasing risk….de Maio said, while one could safely say that there were ‘serious, widespread violations of IHL,’ by the Sri Lankan forces, it did not amount to genocide. He could site examples of where the army had stopped shelling when ICRC informed them it was killing civilians. In fact, the army actually could have won the military battle faster with higher civilian casualties, yet chosen a slower approach which led to a greater number of Sri Lankan military deaths. He concluded however, by asserting that the GSL failed to recognize its obligation to protect civilians despite the approach leading to higher military casualties. From his standpoint, a soldier at war should be more likely to die than a civilian.” (What is significant about what the ICRC head said to the US ambassador was that there was NO GENOCIDE committed by the Sri Lankan Army, that in desiring to save civilians the Army took longer to finish the operation thus compromising its own soldiers who died as a result. The military objective was to destroy the LTTE while also attempting to save the civilians kept by force or civilians staying voluntarily with the LTTE ” this is something Western armies will not understand because their superiors order them to ‘shoot everything that moves’ or soldiers are ordered to engage in “360 degree rotational fire)

http://www.alternet.org/story/147271/soldier’s_shocking_allegation%3A_troops_ordered_to_engage_in_’360_rotational_fire’_against_civilians

 Wiki cables from US mission

  • Wiki Leaks revelations published in the Norwegian newspaper Aftenposten revealed that US Ambassador Robert Blake had contacted senior government officials including Defence Secretary Gotabhaya Rajapaksa and Foreign Minister Rohitha Bogollagama, to urge acceptance of a mediated surrender of the remaining Tigers.

    “Ambassador spoke to Gothabaya Rajapaksa on the morning of May 17 to urge him to allow the ICRC into the conflict zone to mediate a surrender.”…. “We´re beyond that now,” reporting that approximately 50,000 civilians had escaped from the conflict zone overnight and in the early morning hours” (this tallies with Indian embedded Journalist Murali Reddy’s account when he says that on 16th May 2009, 50,000 civilians escaped as well as Gordon Weiss estimate of 50,000 civilians made on 13th May 2009 and President Rajapakse offered an unconditional surrender which the LTTE had refused.) http://www.lankaweb.com/news/items/2014/01/02/sri-lankas-war-had-witnesses-indian-journalist-b-murali-reddy-2/

 UN statements

  • Sept 2008 ” Gordon Weiss, UN Spokesman in Colombo “About 70 offices from five operational UN agencies will eventually be moving out of Kilinochchi,” (ICRC will remain in Vanni)
  • 13th May 2009 – The UN estimates that about 50,000 civilians are trapped by the conflict, in a three-sq-km strip of land http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/south_asia/8047580.stm (the very person who claimed that 50,000 was inside a 3sqkm strip and who was aware that this 50,000 escaped by 16th May 2009 spared no time in twisting facts to claim 40,000 dead which has won for him a book deal and  international prominence.
  • 13th May 2009 ”” The LTTE [Tamil Tigers] are clearly still holding onto that population against their will, using them as human shields” Top UN Aid Official John Holmes

 BBC correspondent

  • 9 Sept 2008 – Aid agencies say since June as many as 85,000 have fled ahead of the soldiers’ advance, further into the diminishing rebel-held areas in the north, bolstering the numbers already there. http://www.bbc.co.uk/sinhala/news/story/2008/09/080909_un_vanni.shtml (BBC is careful to not give reference to whether those who FLED were civilians or LTTE but the BBC does say that whoever FLED did so into a DIMINISHING area that was under LTTE).
  • 9 September 2008 BBC article also mentions that government had informed that it can “no longer ensure the safety of the aid workers” in rebel-held areas….claiming they could be used as human shields, has dropped leaflets urging them to leave.”
  • March 3rd 2009 ” ICRC claims an impending humanitarian catastrophe in north-eastern Sri Lanka which turned out to be BBC upto mischief once again putting BBC’s own version to what the ICRC did not say and ignoring what the ICRC did say that suffering and death could be avoided ‘by allowing civilians who want to leave to get out of the area’.

 There is little doubt in taking the R2P target nations to realize that the UN is being used by the West in a racially oriented invasion drive that is all about imperial inquisition directed at Third World nations in particular the Blacks, Browns and Yellows of the world.

It is for these nations to decide whether they would be servants of the inquisitors serving as sepoys or help unite the nations of the Third World to build a formidable force against the rising racism by the imperial west using numerous international apparatus to keep the world’s public in check while the murder and plunder with impunity.

 The build up to the manner Sri Lanka is being treated despite saving 300,000 lives whilst providing a safe nation for 20million people seems not to have any importance of those drafting Resolutions and they forget their silence over 30 years making a hypocrisy of going behind 4 months only.

 Shenali D Waduge

Bishop Rayappah Joseph says, ‘ arrest me if you can’

January 21st, 2014

P.A.Samaraweera, Melbourne

Ravana Balaya infuriated by a statement made by Rayappah Joseph against Sri Lanka, had asked the IGP to arrest him for making false statements. So he had challeged the Ravana Balaya to get him arrested, if they can. According to the Bishop, he was not wrong on the war crime allegations on Sri Lanka. He had met the US Ambassador at Large, Stephen Rapp and had elaborated war crimes believed to have been committed by the Sri Lankan army during the last phase of the war. During the last phase of the war, it was the LTTE which used suicide bombers to kill civilians who were running away to army held areas for safety. So in contrast to what Rayappah Joseph says, the Sri Lankan army rescued nealry 300,000 Tamils who were shielded by the terrorists.
 
Neither Rayappah Joseph nor the TNA talks about this ‘rescue operation’ because they cannot swallow the heroic efforts of the Sri Lankan army. The Bishop’s arrogance is because of the support he gets from the LTTE rump and the Tamil diaspora. The Tamil diaspora had got swollen headed because of some politicians in western countries who depend on Tamil votes. There was a time when Rayappah Joseph was the mouth-piece of the terrorists. He is nothing but a ‘wolf in sheeps clothing’.

THE AMERICAN CAT IS OUT OF THE BAG

January 21st, 2014

Reported by Keerthi Warankulasuriya (The main news item published in Sunday Divaina of 19th January ”translated by Ranjith Soysa)

If the government forces are removed from the North war crimes charges will be withdrawn The demand rejected by the Sri Lankan government

.Sri Lankan government has totally rejected the American demand to consider withdrawal of Sri Lankan Government forces from the North and five other stipulations. The Americans have stated that if the Government of Sri Lanka agrees to implement these six stipulations the proposed motion on war crimes will not be tabled in Geneva in March.  The senior government sources told Sunday Diviana that the Sri Lankan government will not sacrifice the national interests and the national security in consideration of the US proposals.

Among the US demands are  : to provide all powers to the North and the East including the powers regarding land and the Police, to initiate an independent inquiry into the defence force personnel who are alleged to have committed war crimes, to let the NGOs and the media operate without any restrictions, to take legal action or to free the LTTE suspects presently in custody.

The according to the Government sources they have refused to consider the proposals favourably as the US demand is closely connected to the national security and if accepted will pave way for the armed separatism.

Meantime, most of the countries have informed Sri Lankan government they have no alternative but to support the American proposal as they are dependent on American aid. The motion   against Sri Lanka which will be tabled on 26th March  will be sponsored jointly by the USA, Canada, the UK, Switzerland and Norway

 

Self-Reformation: Resolve, Faith & Rehabilitation

January 21st, 2014

By A. Abdul Aziz, Press Secretary, Ahmadiyya Muslim Jama’at ” Sri Lanka.

 (Given below is an excerpt of the Friday Sermons of Hazrat Mirza Masroor Ahmad, Supreme Head of the world-wide Ahmadiyya Muslim Community in Islam, delivered on 17th January 2014, at ‘Baithul Futhuh’, London, U.K. His Holiness is continuing the topic self-reformation by practicing Resolve, Faith and Rehabilitation. ).

 Ahmadiyya Supreme Head said:

 Last Friday sermon was a discourse on the impediments in reformation of practices that repeatedly pull us backwards and the need to remove these impediments. It was mentioned that if strength of resolve, knowledge and capacity to implement matters is instilled, then bad practices can be reformed. This is because impairment occurs in the absence of strength of resolve and lack of knowledge as to which practices are good and which are bad and how should the good ones be attained and the bad ones shunned and when the capacity to implement matters is weak and cannot contend with badness. Thus, it is very important to fortify strength of resolve, remove lack of knowledge and instil capacity to implement matters. Capacity to implement matters can be inculcated through personal effort but if the person is very weak then external help is required. These were the aspects mentioned last week and today the matter was further elucidated.

 As we have established, the first thing needed for reformation of practices is strength of resolve. What is strength of resolve? Many will say strength of resolve is self-explanatory, it is obviously the strength to resolve and conclude something, then why the question! Let it be clear, as Hazrat Musleh Maud (may Allah be pleased with him) has beautifully explained, that the connotation of strength of resolve alters in accordance with the action it is about. With this basic point in mind, we can appreciate that in religious matters strength of resolve is iman (belief). When seen with this angle, we will understand that the capacity to implement matters is enhanced with iman and every difficulty is eased with the help and support of God and troubled situations are diminished due to iman.

These are not mere words; we see practical examples of this. The difference between the lifestyle of the Companions at the time of the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be on him) before and after they believed is astonishing. What was the lifestyle of those who believed in the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be on him)? Among them were thieves, robbers, wicked men who married their own mothers or bequeathed their mothers away, who killed their daughters, who gambled and who drank excessively and considered it an honour that none could compete with them in drinking! Poets would express their pride and greatness in terms of repeatedly awaken during the night to drink alcohol and gamblers would boast that they lost all their property in gambling and as soon as they acquired more property, they would lose it again! And then, after they believed in the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be on him) they instilled an incredible revolutionary change and inculcated an astonishing strength of resolve. As soon as they believed they decided that they were going to strengthen their hearts to put every commandment of faith in practice, they decided that they were not going to do anything contrary to the commandment of God, they decided that each instruction of the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be on him) would be the last word. Their determination was so strong and so robust that weakness of practices became a non-issue! Their strength of resolve demolished their weakness of practices just as strong surge of gushing water washes away a piece of straw!

 The Companions used to drink alcohol and we know what alcohol does to people. Those living in these [Western] countries often see drunks out and about. There is a drunk who roams the streets around our Fazl Mosque. He carries nothing but cans of alcoholic drinks and his clothes are filthy. His Holiness came to know that he is an educated man who perhaps once was an engineer. He does not work now, is perhaps of pensionable age. Whatever benefits he is given from the state he uses to get alcohol and spends his life on the streets. The situation has made him mentally unstable and the poor thing is disabled now. His Holiness has observed many times that when he is inebriated he looks frightening. He stops women on the street and even women living in this environment appear scared when faced by him. It is common to find drunks here. Some become very angry when inebriated and are verbally abusive to their parents.

 Hazrat Ameer-ul-Mumineen recalled the times when he lived in Ghana in a town called Dambai where the Jama’at ran an agricultural project in those days. The house where His Holiness lived did not have any wall or boundary as houses are built this way over there. So, there was no internal or external yard in His Holiness’ house, there was no gate etc. just a small area where the car used to be parked. Ghana was going through bad economic period and thefts were widespread. Anything left outside the house would be stolen. His Holiness said nowadays burglary has also started taking place here, in fact people smash doors and burgle. In Ghana Huzoor had employed a night watchman who was specifically told to guard the pickup vehicle which would be parked out in the open and its [spare] tyre, as due to some modification the tyre could not be put inside the vehicle. Often the night watchman would arrive in a state of intoxication and before he could properly take the tyre out he would be flat on the ground himself. One day he was particularly intoxicated and Huzoor found him flat on his face, what watching could he have in such a state! He was also muttering nonsense. Huzoor left him alone at the time as he would have probably stated being verbally abusive. Next day when he was a little sober, Huzoor told him he was dismissed. He pleaded to be kept on. He could not give up drinking, however, he was sensible enough to perhaps drink less before coming to work. Drunks cannot control themselves, later he reverted to his old ways. The object of relating this is that when inebriated a drunk is not aware what he is doing. Hazrat Musleh Maud (may Allah be pleased with him) also related that he once faced a drunk person on a train journey who belonged to a noble family and was the son of a minister from Pooch in India. He was uttering things during the train journey which any sensible person cannot say when sober. The second Khalifa of Ahmadiyya Community – Hazrat Musleh Maud (may Allah be pleased with him) said that a person is not in his senses when inebriated and drink turns a person insane. On the other hand we see the power of such a revolution of strength of resolve that non-Muslims have trouble believing, which was of course the revolutionary change the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be on him) brought about in his Companions.

 A Tradition relates that once before the commandment regarding prohibition of alcohol was revealed, Companions were drinking in a house. They had emptied one pitcher of alcohol and were about to open the second when a voice came from the street that the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be on him) had said that God had commanded him that consumption of alcohol was prohibited for Muslims from that day onwards. One inebriated Companion suggested that someone should go out and find the reality about the announcement. Just as another person stood up to do so, yet another person who was completely inebriated took a stick and broke the pitcher of alcohol. Others asked him why he had done that, he should have first found out what the instruction meant! He replied that first the pitcher had to be broken and later the reality of the instruction could be found out. He said that after hearing the instruction of the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be on him) he first obeyed and would later find out what the limitation and specifications of the instructions were. This is the amazing difference between the Companions of the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be on him) and others. Ordinarily, a drunk will get extremely violent if his glass is removed while he is drinking. Often such incidents take place in clubs and bars. Recently it was in the news that one drunk killed another in a bar or a club. In fact they get murderous even if something is said to them which they find irksome. Inebriated people are out of their senses and have no control over what they say, they do not care about their parents, their limbs move about unintendedly. They neither care for the law nor are they afraid of punishment. Yet, the strength of resolve of the Companions overcame their intoxication. They first broke the pitcher of alcohol and later ask the person making the announcement for details. There were many houses in Medina at the time where alcohol was being consumed that day and pitchers broke with such speed that alcohol flowed like water in the streets of Medina.

 Such strength of resolve is all-encompassing and such people are the champions of the spiritual world. Satan is left surrendering to them. Troubles as high as mountains are cut apart like pieces of cheese for them and with such strength of resolve, no other method is required! The revolutionary change of 1400 years ago is unparalleled in the world but we see somewhat similar incidents among the followers of the true and ardent devotee of the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be on him). Use of tobacco is not forbidden, although the Promised Messiah (on whom be peace) once said that if it had been around in the time of the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be on him) he would have probably advised against it and the Promised Messiah (on whom be peace) said it was not good. It has intoxicating effect. Once the Promised Messiah (on whom be peace) expressed his dislike of tobacco during a journey. Upon hearing this, his companions broke their hookah and then did not even touch it again. There are also examples of his companions who gave up all their previous bad habits after accepting Ahmadiyyat, there is even example of those who were embroiled in drinking alcohol who gave it up after accepting Ahmadiyyat.

 These bad practices should not be abandoned out of fear of any law or fear of society. The underpinning thought should be that God and His Messenger (peace and blessings of Allah be on him) have prohibited them or in this age the Promised Messiah (on whom be peace) has advised against them. If alcohol is not openly available in Muslim countries, as it is not in Pakistan, local alcohol is brewed which people drink and it is intensely intoxicating. The well-off arrange through pretexts to have finer alcohol available for them. Hazrat Khalifatul Masih said he has observed that here university students tend to use cough syrups etc. that contain alcohol for intoxication which is harmful. Ahmadis need to employ their strength of resolve to avoid such things. These days aside from other intoxicants, something called shisha is available in particular in Muslim restaurants. In USA it is called hookah ” it is some kind of specific hookah or whatever it is called! Huzoor has come to know that some of our young boys and girls use shisha and they say that it is not intoxicating and its occasional use is not harmful. Huzoor said they should remember that this occasional use would lead them to be embroiled in bigger intoxicants. They should use their strength of resolve at this stage and watch over their faith. Intensity of faith instils strength of resolve which determines important decisions. Otherwise law cannot impede matters as we see in Pakistan, in spite of prohibition alcohol is consumed.

 There was a time when effort was made to prohibit public consumption of alcohol in USA. It turned people to consume spirits which is harmful and people started dying. Hazrat Musleh Maud (may Allah be pleased with him) wrote that because there was lack of faith the worldly law did not work. The government then passed a law which made alcohol available on doctor’s permission justifying its use. As a result thousands of doctors started writing bogus certificates to boost their income until the law had to capitulate. Gradually alcohol began being available everywhere with age restrictions. In places the legal age is 21 years and in others it is 18 years and there are also places where when accompanied by an adult a 15 or 16 year old can drink certain kinds of alcohol. These are just pretexts to cover the helplessness of law. Just as the world is advancing, laws in favour of bad practices are being passed. As they cannot stop bad practices, they make their laws flexible. However, what is deemed bad in God’s law is deemed bad at all times. In order to reform our practices we have to abide by laws of God and we can carry on such abidance when the state of our faith is good. The people whom the advanced world called ignorant overcame their intoxication with the intensity of their faith, they reformed their practices and then convinced the world of their higher practices and made the world follow them.

 It should be noted that as regards religion strength of resolve is strength of faith which makes one firm on good deeds and frees one from badness. Along with this, as mentioned before, is strength of knowledge which removes any weakness in deeds which are done due to lack of knowledge. There are many examples in this regard in worldly terms, for example a young girl used to pull at her hair while sleeping and used to injure herself. As she is growing, gradually she is realising the situation and is making efforts to give up the habit. Thus habits can be given up through knowledge. Similarly, one can be saved from sin if made to realise fear of God, sin of practice and God’s displeasure. The third thing which causes weakness in practices is lack of capacity to implement matters. Some people may think that here matters are being repeated. No doubt, in one way there is repetition, however things are being mentioned with different perspectives so that they may be understood.

 Let it be clear that there are some reasons for weakness in capacity to implement matters. For example, habit. A person may have strength of resolve and also knowledge but owing to his habit, he shows weakness in his practice. A person knows that God’s nearness and love can be attained, but his love for material things or fear of material loss is overpowering and he is thus deprived of God’s love and nearness. For such people external rather than internal remedy is required and it alone can bring betterment to their capacity to implement matters. For them there is need to find a correct and apposite support. If a person has the required knowledge then telling him the same thing will not bring about reformation in him. Such a person has strength of resolve but it is not complete, he has knowledge but love and fear of God do not affect him due to corrosion on his heart. Here, something else is required. He does not fear God because he cannot see God. Such people have fear of certain people. Therefore, influence of another person or other material influence can reform them, providing that ‘influence’ is not prone to capitulate/withdraw on political grounds like worldly people and the worldly laws of these days!

 In any case there are three types of people in this world and there are [spiritual] ailments. There are people whose practices are weak because their faith is not complete. There are people whose practices are weak because their knowledge is not complete and then there are people who have faith and knowledge but their hearts are so corroded that both these aspects are not sufficient and they need support. Just as broken bones need plaster to mend or metal plates are inserted in the bones through operation to mend them. Over time, once healing takes place, these supports are removed. Similarly, some people need temporary support. Gradually, the support generates enough strength in them to be active and weaknesses of their practice are removed.

 As mentioned in last Friday sermon, our Nizam e Jama’at (administrative system of the Jama’at), our office-holders, our auxiliary organisations should become sources of removing these weaknesses of practices. Yet, if these people are themselves weak in their strength of resolve, the office-holders and others, are lacking in knowledge and have weaknesses in their own practices, then how can they support others! Every section of the Nizam, in fact every Ahmadi should self-reflect and see where reformation is needed and should also try and become a support to friends and dear ones who have weaknesses, so that every member of the Jama’at attains high levels of reformation of practices and in this regard achieves nearness to God. May God enable us to do so!

 The full sermon in English Translation ” the video link of which is:-

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TVLti8pLINI&feature=youtu.be

The Buddhist Monk at the 96 th Mile Post on the Habarana Trincomalee Road: LTTE massacres & Economic Emancipation- the need of the hour

January 20th, 2014

Garvin Karunaratne, Former Government Agent, Matara District

On my visit to Trincomalee in December 2013 I was privy to a monk settling a family dispute. My mission was to hand over a parcel of dry rations to deserving temples and in that process I marched into a temple at Mollipotana near Mavil Aru, at the 96 th mile post on the Habarana Trincomalee Road. I was greeted by a Bo Tree  decorated with Buddhist flags but there was  no one around. I walked into the residence of the monks- all empty rooms with a scattering of furniture. It looked desolate rooms, deserted by the  monks. As I walked in further with a certain amount of trepidation, I heard a stern voice and listened. Someone was  admonishing another person   not to neglect his aged parents who had brought him up from birth because he had found solace in love. His voice was very firm, but polite and repetitive. He believed in consensus- talking and arguing  till every one was convinced. The 160  Sinhala families near the temple looked up to the monk for advice and justice when there was any problem. They believed in the monk more than in the Police and the Judiciary. Later, I was  told of a husband that had gone on the rampage assaulting the wife and children who was admonished by the monk and ultimately punished by having to work a day clearing the temple land.

The Sinhala families  around the temple  sought the assistance of the monk in anything and everything. It was a wevai, dagabai, pansalai, the trio I had seen at work all over Nuwara Kalaviya, my home in the Sixties when I worked for the peasantry  in the Agrarian Services Department. Then there was more amity among the people. Even the Leftist elements were held in check as detailed in my novel, Vidanege Diyaniya (Godages) That was four decades or more ago. Now the rural hinterland is the home for the evangelical activities- an endless number of them who offer sweeteners to the poor with the idea of converting them- a sewing machine or something as an offer of help. That evangelical inroad has ruined the amity that once reigned in the rural areas. Let that not happen; not yet here in Mollipotana . The evangelical missions come in posing as investors and developers courted by us for bringing in some foreign exchange and the social fabric is shattered for good.

This was the Sri Aggabodhi Vihare and the monk, Dhammasena Thero from Kegalla. He was the only survivor of a machine gun attack on the monks where six monks were gunned down. Then I understood why the rooms were empty. That was the LTTE at work, the killing machine-something that many people have forgotten today. His legs are swollen with the shrapnel that were lodged in his legs. shrapnel that were not taken out for which he spends Rs 7000 every month for medicines.  That massacre happened on 27th March 1992. In this attack  24 Sinhalese civilians were also killed. This incident is not reported and not included in the lists of LTTE massacres compiled so far.

The monk narrated  endless incidents of atrocities by the LTTE on the village.  It is on record that  on   July 9 th 1986 the LTTE stormed the village of Mollipotana with machetes, swords and clubs. The “LTTE killed 16 civilians, largely women and children”(srilanka watch.com) According to another report, :” “the children were clubbed to death while the parents were hacked to death”(Defence.lk)  This was in the days of the Arantalawa massacre.

Those days the Government was so frightened of the LTTE that it always reported less casualties. We were enticing the LTTE to come forward for peace talks. In the Attack at Sri Maha Bodhi in Anuradhapura on May 14,1985 the Government reported 146 nuns, women and children dead(Wikipedia). When I spoke with the Assistant Superintendent of Police in charge of Anuradhapura that day he said that over 500 were killed.  Then the Government played down the atrocities of the LTTE.

Back to Mollipotana, I am told that the Sinhala families have hardly any income and they cannot provide  any money to provide for the upkeep of the temple. It is passers by that provide. The earlier day the monk had received  two corn of the cob as alms for lunch and the monk had offered one for Buddha Puja and he lived on the other.

There is ample scope for the Economic Development Ministry if they can send their officers in to guide the people to generate more incomes.. They should, before the Evangelists come in and take charge by offering sweeteners. Rural poverty has to be sorted out not in the North where the people  took the plums and voted with their feet. The Siridharans and Sambanthans were liberated by no other than President Rajapaksa. Before that they walked like zombies with a pistol aimed at their head! The Sambanthans  have forgotten how Duraiappa and Tambimuttu and others were gunned down in cold blood the latter at the entrance to the Hilton in our capital Colombo in broad daylight.. Now the Sambanthans have turned against the liberator!

We must not forget the suffering that the border villages went through. When I met the Controller of Imports in 1996, Tennekoon he said that three of his uncles in Kebitigollewa were gunned down by the LTTE. They were Sinhala village leaders.

This story of Mollipotana is sad because the people have low incomes. They once braved the LTTE and deserve better and they will never never vote with their feet  ever.

May I suggest that a Cannery be opened in the Mollipotana/Mavil Aru area and that people should be requested to plant Red Pumpkin, Ash Pumpkin, Melon as a chena crop for an immediate income. In each village, three sections  of land have to be identified as chena land. Farmers should be given blocks in each section. One section can be cultivated while the other two areas are allowed to be fallow. The people should also plant tomatoes as an immediate crop(to be processed to tomatoe sauce and plant mangoes that will give a crop in five years’ time for processing to juice. Immediate  action has to be taken to train lassies in handloom weaving and the Department  of Small Industries has to import yarn and sell at cheap rates as they once did. Sri Lanka is today the place where handloom textiles from India are marketed. Powerlooms should also be established as cooperatives as we did in the Sixties and Seventies. Alongside when this handloom cum powerloom programme is activated the import of all handloom textiles has to be stopped.  These are all import substitution programmes and bring in the cumulative benefits of savings on foreign exchange, creation of rural employment and increasing the incomes of the rural folk.  A Cooperative has to attend to sales. This was the Plan we worked   which ushered self sufficiency in all jam, juice and textiles till it was abolished at the instance of the IMF by the UNP in  power in 1978.

For  all this to succeed, it would be ideal for action should be led by  a group of village leaders in an institution, elected by the people, preferably  through a consensus process with the guidance of the monk  Dhammasena Thero. My mind goes back to my days in Anuradhapura in the Sixties when as Assistant Commissioner I established 296 cultivation committees under the Paddy Lands Act. By Law I had to hold free elections with a ballot box, but I had seen the ill effects of this type of election in the earlier Districts I worked in, like Kegalla,  because the village gets bifurcated into two polarized groups on political lines and the opposition is engineered by the big wigs of the political parties who live in AC luxury, nowhere near the village and they manipulate their followers in the village to fight it out. The cultivation committee builds a sluice gate only to be broken down at night by the opposition. The village folk are the loser. There was no end to my inspections caused by internal clashes. I decided that all cultivation committees should be elected by consensus.  I had ten Divisional Officers, able  and  good orators and they managed to elect around 290 committees by consensus. They failed in a few and I took charge with a discussional oration lasting a few hours some times three hours where all the people together are convinced by me of the necessity to work together. This paid bountiful dividends when the cultivation committees got down to work as the people worked together in amity. It is through my experience that I suggest consensus as the method of electing a committee of village leaders who will manage village development. All this has to be directed and coordinated by the Government Agents and their Divisional Secretaries.

No new funds are required for this. It is a new strategy to be used by existing officialdom and a mechanism of working together. The foreign funds required to buy a Cannery and such machines can easily be recouped with half an years’ foreign exchange that is now been eaten up to import fruit juice, jam and Indian handlooms. I will personally  work out the economics of this scheme  if this idea is ever taken up by any Government authority. I will also guide and guarantee its success. My standing of having established a Mechanised Boatyard and Coop Crayon in Matara all done within three months in 1971-73, both fully commercially viable when I served as the Government Agent at Matara as well as my foray into self employment in Bangladesh where I designed and established the Youth Self Employment Programme that has by 2011 guided as much as 2 million youths to be employed enables me to speak out. It is of interest to note that even the  ILO had failed to establish a self employment programme in Tangail Bangladesh in the three years before my programme was established. They tried and failed miserably. My programme is today the most successful and largest programme of employment creation the world has known.  Dr Koshi Mathai, and such other economists who opine that import substitution schemes will be a failure are talking nonsense because they have never never established a single industry on their own. It will be sad if we continue to listen to these text book economists who are guided by the IMF. Please read my book; How  the IMF Ruined Sri Lanka… (Godages)for further details of how our development was hijacked by the IMF.

The monk  is jubilant in that the country was saved from the terrorist that went on the rampage. He is full of praise for that deed and our President deserves that accolade for having achieved  the impossible. Now the monk Dhammasena Thero , the Sinhala families at Mollipotana as well as the entire nation look to the President to find for them  economic emancipation- sufficient incomes to cover living expenses.

The present Government is requested to look at incomes of the people in relation to essential survival expenses as opposed to growth rates as a yardstick for economic development.

 The people live on the water of the Kuda Galmetiyawa Weva. That too has little water as the rains failed. On my visit to Anuradhapura and Tincomalee every tank that I saw was silted up and carry little water. They are filled with one down pour of rain. Earlier the tanks were deep. In nostalgia I recalled how I had tried to rebuild tanks in Nuwara Kalaviya in the Sixties of the Paddy Lands Act when the cultivation committees took charge. I could build only a half a dozen tanks, out of thousands. It would augur well for the Army to be utilized to develop these tanks, the lifeblood of the rural peasantry. The tanks in the Dry Zone heralded development in times of the Sinhala kings and the restoration of these tanks will breathe life to the rural families. The rock inscriptions of King Nissanka Mall speaks of three crops a year. Today we can be certain of one crop, double cropping is rare and triple cropping  does not exist. That is how far we have gone in civilization!. We have to develop our agriculture to the wonder of the triple cropping of the Thirteenth Century.

There should also be rural industries for the people to draw incomes in the lean season. If there is anyone in the world that can achieve this task it is no other than President Mahinda Rajapaksa.

Let us all look forward to the future. It  is not only the monk at Mollipotana at the 96 th Mile Post on the Habarana Trinco roard, but the entire population of the Third World that seeks economic liberation from President Rajapaksa as now his highness is the President of the Commonwealth.

I do not know how far my words will travel, but at least I am happy I found a deserving temple to visit again and a monk whom I would like to venerate. My never ending visits to Anuradhapura will henceforth include a visit to Mollipotana. (The monk’s phone number is 0722610270)

Garvin Karunaratne,
Former Government Agent, Matara District
20 th January 2014

MP Rathika Sitsabaiesan’s questionable tale of harassment in Sri Lanka

January 20th, 2014

Mahinda Gunasekera -By E-mail

January 19, 2014

The Editor
Toronto Star
1 Yonge Street
Toronto, Ontario

 Dear Editor,

Re:  MP Rathika Sitsabaiesan’s questionable tale of harassment in Sri Lanka

I refer to the news report filed by Alex Boutilier published in your edition of January 16, 2014 which describes MP Rathika Sitsabaiesan’s version of her supposed experiences in Sri Lanka where she attempts to show that she was a target of the Sri Lankan intelligence and immigration authorities .

In the first place she erred in visiting the country as a tourist without disclosing the fact that she was an elected parliamentarian of Canada, and meeting with separatist elements of the Tamil Tiger’s proxy party known as the TNA and other supporters of the Tamil separatist cause.  MP Sitsabaiesan has obtained an entry visa on-line just like any one of the over one million tourists and not followed established protocol of informing Sri Lanka’s Mission in Ottawa.  She probably drew the attention of members opposed to the Tamil Tigers resident in the northern province bringing same to the notice of the authorities.  She being a rookie legislator who is a backbencher of an opposition party would certainly not have registered in that country’s radar to cause any concern at that end.  It is possible that the Immigration authorities in Sri Lanka may have later cautioned her about engaging in activities of a political nature in the capacity of a tourist.

RathikaPicture of MP Rathika Sitsabaiesan posing with a flag of the banned Tamil Tigers.

Her imaginary story of being followed by men on motorbike’s from the time of her arrival in Colombo is just a tall story to make her appear more important and larger than her real situation in life, just to get the eye of the Canadian media such as the Toronto Star which has a reputation of being a biased critic of Sri Lanka.  Similar stories by Rosie DiManno too were given wide publicity, but not one line written by others in response refuting her distortions was carried by this newspaper.

MP Rathika Sitsabaiesan whose election is still under investigation by Elections Canada for irregular practices by a large segment of non-resident voters casting ballots in her riding cannot make herself appear as an innocent victim of foreign regulators.  She also cannot hide from the fact that her own Facebook revealed her ties to the banned Tamil Tigers, as her picture with the Tiger flag which she deleted has been saved by others, which is submitted in attachment.  She is now trying to portray herself as a champion of human rights having been actively involved inside the den of the banned Tamil Tigers, which no serious observer will buy despite the media publicity to her case.

 Yours sincerely,

 Mahinda Gunasekera

 84 Tambrook Drive
Agincourt, Ontario
M1W 3L9
Tel. (416) 498-0783

 

Dr. Pakiasorthy Saravanamuttu: Evidence on Sri Lanka at Canada’s House of Commons

January 20th, 2014

Asoka Weerasinghe Kings Grove Crescent . Gloucester . Ontario . Canada

URGENT

Mr. Scott Reid, Conservative MP for Frontenac-Lennox and Addington, Ontario
The Chair
House of Commons
41st PARLIAMANT , 2nd  SESSION
Subcommittee on International Human Rights of the Standing Committee on Foreign Affairs and International Development.

 

Dear, Mr. Scott Reid:

Re:  Contents of Evidence of Thursday, November 21, 2013

During the last couple of days I have read the evidence that you had sought out mainly from accusers of Human Rights violations in Sri Lanka during the last phase of the 27-year long  bloody ‘Eelam’ war which ended militarily on 19 May 2009.

I note that you have cast your net wide over the salt-waters, to seek such evidence, and I read with concern and despair that the evidence sought were primarily from critics who base their arguments on unsubstantiated allegations.  Any one who has been following this issue, will quite rightly as I would, categorize, Mr. Callum McRae, Mr. Pakiasothy Saravanamuttu, Prof. David Petrasak, Ms. Frances Harrison and Senator Hon. Hugh Segal, as dispassionate ‘one-sided critics’ of Sri Lanka for having won the Eelam War and stopped the killings of innocent civilians by the most ruthless terrorists in the world, the Tamil Tigers.

Now that you have cast your net far and wide to seek the truth on this issue, I hope you will be honest in your search for the truth and hear the other side of the story, for you and your committee to make a final judgment on this painful and sordid issue and write your report of your conclusions.

As such, I propose the following names, from whom I guarantee you will hear a honest opinion on this issue.

Ms. Shenali Waduge (Sri Lanka): who is a Sri Lankan civil society researcher and writer who is concerned about fair play in all matters concerning citizens of her country and the world and has written reams on this issue which have been published for public consumption.  She is a must.

Dr. (Ms.) Asoka Bandarage (US): Associate Professor at Georgetown University’s Public Policy Institute, Washington, DC., US, and author of The Separatist Conflict in Sri Lanka: Terrorism, Ethnicity, Political Economy. London Routledge, 2010.

Mr. Douglas Wickramaratne (UK): President of Sinhala Association, UK, and a political activist on Sri Lanka’s Tamil-Eelam War who has participated in several panel discussions at public meetings and on Television;

Mr. Gomin Dayasiri (Sri Lanka): Lawyer who has an excellent understanding of Sri Lanka’s Constitution, and its acts he has challenged in court.

Mr. H.L.Don Mahindapala (Australia): former Editor of the Sunday Observer of Sri Lanka, a honest and a respected journalist with a lot of experience on the subject who has written extensively on this issue; and finally

Mr. Malinda Seneviratne (Sri Lanka); the Editor-in-Chief of The Nation in Sri Lanka.  An honest journalist with a clinical eye and mind who has covered the war on the ground and has written extensively as he saw it.

Mr. Chair, the call is yours to prove to Canadians and the world that your concluding report to Parliament is a fool-proof and a honest one and not an act of impunity to satisfy the 300,000 Canadian-Tamils who have the votes as their pawns to get the story twisted like a pretzel and biased supporting their cause to divide Sri Lanka to establish their mono-ethnic, racist, separate Tamil state, Eelam.  If you need the e-mail addresses of the proposed names, I will be glad to provide them with their permission to contact them.

My hunch is that these sittings that you sought were to be used pointedly to browbeat Sri Lanka.  The evidence gathered by these Sri Lanka accusers, will no doubt, be used to build up support  for the UNHRC to have an international probe into alleged war crimes in Sri Lanka during the last five months of the 27-year long war  which was surreptitiously aided and abetted by India, Norway and Canada, to name a few countries.

With this preamble permit me to share my observations on one of your presenters at the hearing.  It was a hard choice as all of them do call for comments from my observations, and since I have  very limited time to spare I have chosen to deal with the Executive Director of the   mainly Western  institutions funded Centre for Policy Alternatives in Sri Lanka, Dr. Pakiasothy Saravanamuttu’s testimony.

He had said much, and all had a negative impact on Sri Lanka.  He had nothing positive or good to say about Sri Lanka, and that makes his honesty suspect, as much, much good has happened in the North and East of Sri Lanka since the end of the war.  And I will take a statement by statement  of his on Sri Lanka where I see fit to make my observations known to you which  will conclude  with a definite bold Mail-box Red question mark.

1.       Dr. Pakiasothy Saravanamuttu, displays his contempt and displeasure about Sri Lanka by saying ” “When one looks at the situation in Sri Lanka with regard to human rights, one key feature comes to mind.  That’s the notion that Sri Lanka, as a multi-ethnic, multi-religious, and formally functioning democracy, albeit with flaws, is under serious threat at present.   The directions of the threat are institutionalized militarization, the near collapse of the rule of law, and the culture of impunity with respect to human rights violations and rising religious intolerance.”

 The “institutionalized Militarization” of the North is what Dr. Saravanamuttu seems to be concerned about.

Trying to support the cause of the Tamil dream, he is a Tamil, which goes back to the 1930s, to have their own mono-ethnic, separate, racist Tamil state, Eelam, he deliberately and conveniently left out the genuine concerns of Sri Lanka’s President Mahinda Rajapaksa who has the prime responsibility to see that there won’t be another 30 year long war with the Tamil separatists.  As the President of the island nation he has the supreme responsibility to keep the sovereign unitary status of that island nation in tact.  That was his election mandate.  And as President of the island nation, to see that the Tamil separatist terrorists will not raise up their ugly heads again to hijack the right-to-life of Sri Lanka’s 22 million people, as they did for 30 years, when  likely  claymore mines and suicide bombs will go off willy-nilly at street corners during rush hours, under seats of transport buses and trains, killing scores of innocent civilians blowing them to smithereens as it happened before the world’s most ruthless Tamil Tiger terrorists were eliminated on 19 May 2009.   That was the culture of the day then, and he is determined not to let that happen again.   And that humanitarian clause in President Mahinda Rajapaksa’s determination to guard the sovereignty of the island nation and its peoples by having the presence of his army in the north shouldn’t be a cause for Dr. Saravanamuttu to penalize President Mahinda Rajapaksa by rubbishing him in front of you and your committee.  Dr. Saravanamuttu has a habit of plane-hopping to foreign countries as he came  to Canada last Novbember to complain to you all, rubbishing President Mahinda Rajapaksa and his government. It is not kosher.  It is not cricket.

Let me be candid about his country-hopping  anti-Sri Lanka mission.   Dr. Saravanamuttu could only do this   because he is enjoying the luxury of living in a working democracy.  Or else he would have been picked up  on his return at the Colombo airport  long time ago and put behind bars for treason, or having his head chopped off for the very reason.  He is aware of it.  That is the point we all keep missing, that Sri Lanka is a working democracy with warts and all.   It is no different from Canada’s working democracy with entitlement scandals like that of the Harb-Wallin-Duffy-Brazeau affair which is badgering the Canadians.  Like the robocall cheats to elect parliamentarians.  What’s the difference, may I ask you, between Sri Lanka and Canada?    I don’t see any difference at all.  Do you?

What Dr. Saravanamuttu did not tell you all is that every morning before the Tamil Tiger terrorists were vanquished, when the working adults were getting on to buses and trains to get to work made the sign of the cross and placed their palms together in prayer wanting to come home after work to their loved ones in one piece and not in a wooden casket in a sewn up puzzle of arms and limbs, with a blood clotted heart pinned to the chest area and so forth.   Militarization of the North Dr. Saravanamuttu complained to you all.   And not to let the above happen again is why the military is present in the north and elsewhere in the island.  And I consider it a good enough reason.  Remember how Canada had its similar moments during the October crisis in 1970 when we met a soldier with an assault rifle on the ready to shoot at every street corner in Ottawa, Montreal and Quebec City?  This is a reality when terrorists are on the prowl sneaking from behind to get you with a bomb, hand grenade or a bullet.

 Why worry as the war is over and not a single bomb have been detonated since 19 May 2009?  You may ask.

That is easy to answer. Although the war is over in Sri Lanka, the war had been continuing abroad, like in Canada by the Tamil Tiger rump collecting funds and busy sowing the seeds of separation and lobbying the parliamentarians like you. And you having these exploratory meetings with anti-Sri Lanka accusers how to get at Sri Lanka is one of the salvos  that will be shot from Canada  on their behalf to destroy the much earned peace in Sri Lanka.  That’s why.

Well, I doubt, President Rajapaksa can sleep on his laurels for eliminating the most ruthless Tamil Tiger terrorists in the world and drop his guard, when Tamil Nadu’s Chief Minister, Jayalalitha has been   and still is threatening to invade the North of Sri Lanka.  When the Chief Minister, a Tamil,  of the North Provincial Council in Sri Lanka, the former Supreme Court Justice W.K.Vigneswaran during the Nallur Festival  held on September 2013 did not mince  his words when he said that the Tamils will have to take up arms again, if they did not get what they want.   And that was a serious   threatening war-cry that cannot be ignored by President Mahinda Rajapaksa.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Militarization Militaraization of North, Dr. Saravanamuttu complained to you all.  That is why.  This accuser obviously doesn’t understand why the North has soldiers.

President Mahinda Rajapaksa cannot drop his guard against the unfriendly giant neighbour when he remembers well enough how India to intimidate Sri Lanka flew five  jet-screaming Mirage 2000s at a low altitude  across Sri Lanka’s northern sky escorting five Anatov  32 Transport planes  violating Sri Lanka’s airspace to drop 25 tonnes of parippu (red lentils) to feed 800,000 Tamils in the Jaffna Peninsula.  It was the Indian  Big Bully Boy way of an uncalled humanitarian gesture wanting to feed every Tamil  in the north with 20 grains of lentils not enough even to make even  a cup of lentil soup.  It happened on 4 June 1987 designated Operation Poomala and not a single western country, including Canada, protested this international violation of Sri Lanka’s skies by Bully India.

President Mahinda Rajapaksa is no fool, when he knows that India, Sri Lanka’s unfriendly neighbour, is the world’s largest importer of arms today.  These include fighter jet planes, missiles and radar systems for strategic partnerships and geo-political power in the Asian continent. And that the giant neighbour could try to intimidate Sri Lanka again with its jet planes flying over Sri Lanka’s sky and parking war ships outside Colombo’s international waters, as they did in June 1987 to scare the jeepers out of Sri Lanka’s then President in support of the Northern Tamils separatist cause.

A report from Stockholm’s International Peace Research Institute, March 14, 2011, revealed that India received 9% of the volume of International arms transfers during 2006 to 2010.  This International consultancy firm KPMG estimates that India will sign military contracts worth $112 billion by 2016.    With this military backdrop that is shadowing Sri Lanka, Dr. Saravamuttu is complaining to you all, that there is militarization of the North of Sri Lanka.      Now you all know why this is so courtesy of President Mahinda Rajapaksa.     Make sense, doesn’t it?

But militarization of a sovereign country shouldn’t be anyone’s business outside that particular nation.    And I sincerely hope that Sri Lanka will keep its nose out of Canada’s “Northern Strategy” and the militarization of the Arctic.   Why is it that Canada can do it but Sri Lanka shouldn’t?  Does it reflect on the size of the two nations?  Or is it because there are over 100,000 Tamil votes at stake in the Greater Toronto Area where nine ridings depend on these Tamil votes.  I don’t understand.  Do you?

Canada seems to be guarding the sovereignty of its Arctic North, and so is Sri Lanka guarding the sovereignty of Sri Lanka’s North.  And both countries are claiming their rights to militarize their North to protect their sovereignty.  So Canada should keep its nose out of Sri Lanka’s business in guarding its North which is vulnerable being just 24 salt-water miles away from the unfriendly military giant, India.

As you and I know, and perhaps Dr. Saravanamuttu does not know is that one of Canadian Prime Minister Stephen Harper’s important goals on his recent visit to the Arctic was to promote Operation Nanook, an annual Arctic military operation since 2007, destined to reinforce Canada’s sovereignty in the North.   So why this irresponsible hypocrisy not wanting Sri Lankans to reinforce her sovereignty in her North by having its military at full force there.   Beats me!

And then, as I mentioned earlier, there is another troubling factor that has come to play  recently which cannot be ignored by Sri Lanka’s President Mahinda Rajapaksa.  It was on 16th September 2013 when the Northern Provincial Council Chief Minister, former Justice of the Supreme Court V.K.Vigneswaran, said, “Opportunities might arise to resort to arms again…”  That is a serious statement, and the Sri Lankan Army better be ready  with their assault rifles on the draw to take on that challenge in the North, whether Dr. Pakiasorthy Saravanamuttu doesn’t like it or not, and the Canadian Subcommittee on International Human Rights of the Standing Committee on Foreign Affairs and International Development is unhappy about it.   It is a tough call for the President Mahinda Rajapaksa.  But then he cannot abdicate his vested responsibility by a  popular democratic vote to guard the sovereignty  and its 22 million peoples of that island nation, amidst the unnecessary and unfair interference into his business how to govern his country by outsiders like Canada’s Prime Minister Stephen Harper and his Foreign Minister John Baird and his Parliamentary Secretary Deepak Obhrai.  And that is the rub, Mr. Chair. And there is nothing nebulous about it. It is as clear as the red maple lying on the snow-white canvas of our national flag.

President Mahinda Rajapaksa also cannot ignore the fact that when the North and East coasts were not militarized during the Scandinavian sponsored Ceasefire Agreement Period between 2002 and 2006, the Tamil Tigers sneaked in 11 ship loads of sophisticated arms through the eastern Mullaitivu coast.   And that prolonged the war much longer.   President Rajapaksa will make sure that incident will not happen again.  So the North is militarized to save the lives of Sri Lanka’s 22 million people   And that includes this jet-setting, Sri Lanka dumping, Colombo residing elitist Dr. Pakiasorthy Saravanamuttu.   He should be thankful to President Mahinda Rajapaksa for that concern for him and his Tamil people.

You had now heard the Tamil Truth of the militarization of the North by Dr. Pakiasothy Saravanamuttu.   Now you should listen to the Sri Lankan FACT recited by the Sinhalese-Canadian Asoka Weerasinghe on the “Militarization of the North”.

 * The army’s presence in the North during the thick of the war in 2007 was 43,000 soldiers strong (And that is a FACT).  When Major General Mahinda Hathurusinghe took over the Jaffna command in December 2009, the strength of the army in the North was reduced to 26,400 soldiers (And that is a FACT).   By September 2013, they brought it down to 13,100 soldiers (And that is a FACT).

 * The post-war role of the army in the North and East was to clear over 1.5 million land mines buried by the Tamil Tigers, build houses, schools, cleaning wells, building medical dispensaries, farms and even manicuring gardens. (And that is a FACT).

 * By September 2013, the army had built 1,883 houses for the displaced Tamils in the North (And that is a FACT).

 * By September 2013, the Army soldiers had donated about 300 pints of blood every month to the Jaffna hospital, which was about 80 per cent of the monthly requirement of the hospital. (And that is a FACT).

 * By September 2013, some houses in the Point Pedro in the Northern Province were being returned to the original Tamil owners.  More than 700 houses and 21,000 acres of land had been returned to the original Tamil owners.  These were previously occupied by the Army and the Tamil Tigers. (And that is a FACT).

 * By September 2013 towards the Army’s Hearts and Minds Operation, they had handed over 10,000 scholarships for the Tamil youth.  They have seminars for the GCE A & O level students.  And they have a crab-packing factory for the ex-combatants (And that is a FACT).

 It has been disingenuous of Dr. Pakiasothy Saravanamuttu not  to point the positive efforts by the Army to upgrade the quality of life of the Tamil community which was shattered by the Tamil Tigers for 30 years   So what is Dr Pakiasorthy Saravanamuttu’s problem, may I ask?

 You quite correctly may ask me, surely all this labour intensive work, building houses et cetera could be handled by the local Tamils, and why should the army get involved?  There is a very simple and an accurate reason for it.

After the July 1983 riots, when all the flood gates of western countries, like Canada were thrown wide open, scores of thousands of Tamils took flight from their Sri Lanka’s cuckoo’s nests by-passing their legitimate Mother country ” Mother India, in search of greener pastures.  From a population of 12.6 % in 1983, the Tamil population dropped in a landslide to 3.9% by 2010 (Global Watch).  In that pack of Tamils, among the doctors, lawyers, engineers, accountants, gold jewellery merchants, were also roofers, masons, brick layers, gardeners,  Curry chefs, road sweepers, toddy tappers, green chilli farmers, credit card scammers, human smugglers, car collision insurance frauds,  passport forgers,  paranoid psychotic politicians and aspirants. And Canada got its  well deserved quota.

President Mahinda Rajapaksa’s Government had no time to waste to train these house builders, et cetera, as there was an urgent need to give back to the Tamils their  comfortable lives which their own people, the Tamil Tigers,  hijacked and deprived them   for 30 long years.  That’s why, and it has worked like a charm.   Why is Dr. Saravanamuttu so concerned about militarization of the North?    Let me repeat, they are there for the security of the country, and anything else is a bonus for the Tamils and the puny island nation. Questioning the military presence is disingenuous and silly.   I smell a rat here.

 He did not admit to you and your Committee that the Tamil Diaspora, other than sowing seeds of separation  wanting to divide the island nation into two, have done zip,  have done zero, have done nada, have done naught to improve the quality of life of their  people in the North of Sri Lanka.   Not even laid a brick or a tile to start building a house for the displaced Tamil. And that is shocking.  That is unacceptable in a civilized society.   Is it all what they can do?  Rubbish and complain about Sri Lanka that gave them an education from the kindergarten through  to University without having to pay a single cent or a rupee?

   And that is a reality check for you and your committee.  With these revelations of FACTS, I sincerely ask you all to dismiss his evidence, or at lease accept them with a pinch salt until you hear the evidence of the persons that I have suggested that you invite for a Subcommittee hearing.

 Since my response is becoming a lengthy thesis just to alert you all that this accuser of Sri Lanka has been taking you and your committee on a tour of  his “I Gotch Ya, Sri Lanka’s,  Fairy Tales Land”, permit me to respond, perhaps a couple  more accusations against Sri Lanka by Dr. Saravanamuttu and conclude my “partial response”.

  •  Dr. Pakiasothy Saravanamuttu in his brief to you all complained about “….and formally functioning democracy, albeit with flaws, is under serious threat at present.”  I would dismiss that outrageous notion outright as piffle.

This good Doctor keeps hopping continents and in an act of treason rubbish President Mahinda Rajapaksa, his government and that island’s democracy.   Then he returns to his home in Sri Lanka being quite sure that he is living in a working democracy and not fearing that he would be handcuffed on the tarmac and put behind bars until he defends his reasons in front a judge for rubbishing the Sri Lanka’s President and his Government at international Human Rights palavers.

This Good  doctor returns home, gets off the plane knowing damn well that he is living in a working democracy and will  not be taken by the army or police, produced in front of a kangaroo court for legitimacy that he has been given a fair trial  before his head his chopped off for treason.   Mr. Chair, he knows alright that he is living in a working democracy.

This good Doctor says that Sri Lanka’s democracy is in serious threat.   That is a load of poppy-cock.  Was he not aware that the North had its first democratic election of their Provincial Councillors on September 21, 2013, after almost three decades when the Tamil Tigers would not allow the Tamil people to go to the ballot box and vote.  The one Tamil who defied their edict got his fingers chopped off.  (And all these are FACTS).

With such unhealthy, anti-Sri Lanka, disingenuous piffle, Dr. Pakiasorthy Saravanamuttu’s western influenced brief should be dismissed as suspect.

The good Doctor in his brief says “….The military is involved in the economy.  It is involved in the educational sphere, where school principals are inducted into the national cadet corps, where security on university campuses is in the hands of the military…”

Let me deal with his complaint about “…where principals are inducted into the national cadet corps.”  He gives the impression that the Government of President Mahinda Rajapaksa, is forcing (inducting) the school principals into the Cadet Corp. That is a bit sleazy which has a taste of anti-Sri Lanka bitterness.

I am not sure whether the good Doctor Saravanamuttu during his College days was a member of his College Cadet Corps.    I was in the early 1950s at a leading Buddhist College in Colombo.  I was a corporal in the Junior Cadet Corp and captained the rifle team at the Boosa camp   competing with other rifle teams from cadet corps of other colleges. I was  also a private in the Senior Cadet Corp and attended camp at Diyatalawa.  It was the Head Master of the Middle School at College who was in charge of the Junior Cadet Corps, and it is nothing unusual for a head of a school to be in charge of the cadet corps.

The School Cadet Corps in Sri Lanka, is a throw back from the British colonials schooling system which goes back to 1881, in the then Ceylon, and is attached to the National Cadet Corps.  The first Cadet Battalion was formed at Royal College, Colombo,  then which was attached to the  Ceylon Army’s, Ceylon Light Infantry.

This was a highly competitive extra-curricular activity among the leading Colleges from Colombo, Kandy and Galle, et cetra and we competed for a prestigious big championship trophy at annual Cadet camps.

If the Principal of a College is the best leader/trainer to produce the best cadet battalion to bring home that prestigious trophy, so be it, and he will train and lead the college cadet battalion as it fits his schedule.

So let’s not get too excited about a Principal being “inducted” to a College Cadet Corp just because Dr. Saravanamuttu tries to stick everything moving under Sri Lanka’s sun as a negative impacting on President Mahinda Rajapaksa’s Sri Lanka.   I think it was a bit mischievous of Dr. Pakiasothy Saravanamuttu to try that stunt.

I truly wish that I had sufficient time to spare to place my observations on paper, but unfortunately I don’t.

The continuation would have produced an exciting thesis ” The Sad Voices of the Anti–Sri Lankan International Operatives: Their Fiction is not Truth.

 And my last appeal to you, Chair, is to be fair on Sri Lanka, and invite the persons that I had recommended to hear their side of the story on this issue.   It would be revealing.

And as a final note let me tell you truthfully that I don’t hold a candle to the Sri Lankan Government or to anyone who makes up that Government. I just do not know them at all.   But what I do know is that I am romancing with that beautiful island  nation and its peoples, which includes every Tamil sans the Tamil Tiger terrorists and Tamil separatists,  who decided to stay put in the island when all the troubles began in July 1983, and not fly out of their cuckoo’s nests searching for greener pastures.

I must admit that my Mission is to see that no one, and it does not matter who it is, will not hurt my Mother country unfairly, that nurtured me with love and kindness for the first 19-years of my life. And that is the bottom line.

I thank you for finding time to read my unsolicited  ‘partial’ brief of my observations, on Dr. Pakiasorthy Saravanamuttu’s  presentation to you all.

Sincerely,

Asoka Weerasinghe (Mr.)

  1. Nina Grewal MP,  David Sweet MP, Wayne Marston MP,  Rathika Sitsabaeisen MP, Irwin Cotler MP, Gary Schellenberger MP, Pierre Jacob MP, Senator Hugh Segal

President Rajapaksa arrives in UAE to attend 7th World Future Energy Summit

January 20th, 2014

By Janaka Alahapperuma

Sri Lanka President Mahinda Rajapaksa arrived in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) to attend the official opening ceremony of the 7th edition of the World Future Energy Summit (WFES) at the Abu Dhabi National Exhibition Centre (Adnec), as part of Abu Dhabi Sustainability Week.
The President who left the island today (20 January) on a one-day official visit for UAE reached Abu Dhabi, the capital City of the Arabian nation. Chairman of Department of Municipal Council Affairs Majid Ali Al Mansouri and Sri Lankan Ambassador in the UAE Dr. Mahinda Balasuriya warmly welcomed the President at the Abu Dhabi International airport. President Rajapaksa is scheduled to take part in the World Future Energy Summit and the Zayed Future Energy Awards Ceremony this evening.
MRinSA01
In addition the President will also hold bilateral discussions with top government officials of UAE and meet with the Sri Lankan community living in the Emirate.
According to the Prize website, the annual award celebrates achievements that reflect impact, innovation, long-term vision and leadership in renewable energy and sustainability.
Among the finalists for this year’s award include multinational companies such as General Electric and Wal-Mart, among others.
Minister of External Affairs Prof. G.L. Peiris and Monitoring MP of the Ministry of External Affairs Sajin Vass Gunawardena are a part of the Sri Lankan delegation.
Photos By: Sudath Silva

Remembering a great Assamese soldier of INA

January 20th, 2014

By NJ Thakuria

Umesh Chandra Devchoudhury, who joined the Indian National Army (also known as Azad Hind Fauj) in 1943 and fought many battles under Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose’s command for the motherland of India, was paid rich tributes by his admirers recently.

In a formal meeting held at Guwahati Press Club on January 11, distinguished speakers highlighted the spirit of patriotism shown by Devchoudhury and his INA colleagues under the able leadership of the patriot of patriots.

Organized by the Assam branch of All India Patriotic Forum, the memorial meeting was started with the floral tributes to Devchoudhury, who passed away on December 11, 2013 and also reciting of two patriotic songs ‘Bande Mataram——-‘and ‘O Mor Aponar Desh——-‘ by the participants. Probably the last INA soldier from Assam, Devchoudhury maintained an active life till his demise at the age of 97 in his native village of Patacharkuchi in western Assam.

UMESH CHANDRA DEV CHOUDHARY01

A Lieutenant of INA, Devchoudhury led eventful struggles in various battlefields of southeast Asian places like Singapore, Rangoon, Arakan front etc against the British imperial forces. With his sincerity and unparallel commitment to INA, Devchoudhury could elevate himself to the rank of a lieutenant in the spirited forces Speakers including freedom fighters Jatin Goswami & Ganesh Chandra Das, Prof Rabin Devchoudhury, Ajay Dutta, Jaharlal Saha, Umakanta Bhattacharya, Jagadindra Raichoudhury, Hiten Mahanta, KN Devchoudhury, Pramod Kalita etc paid their heartiest tributes to the departed warrior, who led his troop on the Indo-Burma (Myanmar) border in 1944 to make India an independent nation.

“To liberate the Indian soil from the clutches of the British Empire the INA soldiers fought courageously in the hills and plains of Nagaland, Manipur and some parts of greater Assam. Imphal, Palel, Kohima, Bishenpur and many frontier areas witnessed great valour, patriotism and sacrifice of the INA soldiers, which still inspire present generation of the Indian youth,” said Rupam Barua, the president of Assam patriotic forum.

An expert in India’s freedom movement, Barua also added that the INA soldiers even liberated Moirang of Manipur on 14 April 1944 and hoisted Indian tricolour there replacing the British Union Jack. Thus it was a part of the then greater Assam that was cleared of the British domination for the first time by Netaji’s army.

The INA remained in possession of about 1500 square miles of territory in this eastern tip of India for about six months. At Kohima in Nagaland also the soldiers of INA planted the tricolour on top of the mountains around the town, Barua added. Many brave and patriotic youths from various communities like Meitei, Naga, Mizo, Kuki, Khasi joined the INA to fight against the British. Besides Devchoudhury, Assamese soldiers like Jalaluddin Ahmed, Chittaranjan Debnath, Sridam Chandra Mahanta, S. Rahman, Laurat Singh, Harendra Nath Mech fought for India’s liberation under the INA flag.

As a consistent soldier of INA, Devchoudhury was attached to Netaji’s office in Rangoon for some time and was engaged in preparing a map covering various important locations in northeast India. Devchoudhury maintained an active life in his native places till his demise. He also penned a book titled ‘Sei Ranangan’ (meaning that battlefield) narrating his first hand experiences of the freedom struggle.

Pathfinder Foundation as one of Chinies top 10 partners -Milinda Collecet Awards

January 20th, 2014

The Embassy of the People’s Republic of China in Sri Lanka recognised the Pathfinder Foundation as one of its top 10 partners at a ceremony to mark Chinese New Year and Sri Lanka’s National Day held at the BMICH on Friday. HE President Mahinda Rajapaksa, Prime Minister D.M. Jayaratne, Minister of Helth Mithreepala Sirisena, Minister of External Affairs G.L. Peiris and Secretary to the President Lalith Weeratunge were among those present at this occasion.

 The photograph shows Chinese Ambassador Wu Jianghao presenting the Top Ten Partner award to Milinda Moragoda, Founder, Pathfinder Foundation.
Top Ten Partner award to PathfinderA

PAKISTAN: The Prime Minister must intervene for the release of a British/Pakistan national who was arrested on charges of Blasphemy

January 20th, 2014

URGENT APPEALS PROGRAMME

Dr. Masood Ahmad (72), is a member of the minority Ahmadi sect, who is declared non-Muslim under the terms of the country’s constitution and subject to widespread discrimination, violence and abuse. Dr Ahmad was arrested from Lahore, Punjab province, on 15 December, 2013, after two persons from a Muslim fundamentalist group secretly filmed him reading a translation of a verse from the Quran. The accusers posed as patients at a clinic run by Dr Ahmad and after receiving medication stayed to ask religious questions. They questioned him about his faith and used mobile phones to secretly record him reading a verse from the Quran.

Dr. Ahmad returned to Pakistan in 1982 to open a pharmacy after working in London. His family members fear the country’s strict blasphemy laws are being used to persecute the widower and strip him of his pharmacy. The Muslim fundamentalists are exerting pressure on the provincial government and judges to convict anyone accused of blasphemy. Dr Ahmad was arrested when a mob, including local clerics, gathered outside a police station demanding that the doctor face charges.

The lawyers have filed three different bail applications and on the one bail application the fundamentalists occupied the court premises and shouted slogans and threatened the doctor’s lawyers and the judge. On the hearing of two bail applications the lawyers of the victim were absent. Doctor Ahmad is in the prison and there are chances that he would be killed in custody as the religious groups are inciting the prisoners to deal with the Ahmadi to change his religion or kill him. They believe that Ahmadis do not have any place in Islam.

Religious hardliners claim there is a place in heaven waiting for anyone who murders a member of the sect.

His clinic has been illegally occupied by a Muslim leader who incited the community to punish an Ahmadi person so as to obtain possession of his property.

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION:

Last year in April, a 25-year-old hospital clerk and his father were at home in Lahore reading an Ahmadi newspaper when a crowd of mullahs broke down their door, the clerk said. They beat the two while a crowd looted their home. Then a gunman forced the pair into a car without license plates. Their kidnappers went free but the two were eventually charged with impersonating Muslims in special anti-terrorist courts designed to combat the Taliban.

The clerk was released after a month, but his father, who has not yet been convicted, has been in prison for nine months. The family has since fled their home and the man now occupying it is refusing to pay them for it.

Reuters reports that Ahmadis are also targets outside Pakistan. In Indonesia, a gruesome YouTube video recorded a mass lynching in 2011 as police looked on. Ahmadi publications are banned in Bangladesh, where a festival site was torched earlier this year. In Britain, Ahmadi buildings have been vandalised and leaflets have appeared forbidding them to enter shops and urging Muslims to kill them, British media have reported.

SUGGESTED ACTION:

Please write letters to the following authorities calling for them to immediately release the British Pakistani citizen who is languishing in a Pakistani jail since December on false charges of Blasphemy for reciting the holy book of the Quran. Please urge them to take action according to the law against the Muslim leaders who falsely registered a case of blasphemy and immediately hand over the clinic of Dr. Ahmad from the grabbers.

SAMPLE LETTER:

Dear ___________,

PAKISTAN: The Prime Minister must intervene for the release of a British/Pakistan national who was arrested on charges of Blasphemy

Name of victim: Dr. Masood Ahmad, (72), resident of Lahore, Punjab province

Names of alleged perpetrators: Khatm-e-Nabowat Conference, Lahore, Punjab province

Date of incident: December 15, 2013

Place of incident: Lahore, Punjab

I am writing to voice my deep concern regarding the arrest of a 72-year-old medical practitioner on false charges of Blasphemy for reciting the Quran.

I am distressed to learn that the hate campaign under the law enforcement authorities against the religious minority groups is continuing and the fundamentalist religious groups have made their own intelligence agencies to trap the persons who are providing medical services to the people. The irony is that the law enforcement agencies believe in such intelligence reports and arrest any person on that basis.

I am informed that Dr. Masood Ahmad (72), is a member of the minority Ahmadi sect, who is declared non-Muslim under the terms of the country’s constitution and subject to widespread discrimination, violence and abuse. Dr Ahmad was arrested from Lahore, Punjab province, on 15 December, 2013, after two persons from a Muslim fundamentalist group secretly filmed him reading a translation of a verse from the Quran. The accusers posed as patients at a clinic run by Dr Ahmad and after receiving medication stayed to ask religious questions. They questioned him about his faith and used mobile phones to secretly record him reading a verse from the Quran.

Dr. Ahmad returned to Pakistan in 1982 to open a pharmacy after working in London. His family members fear the country’s strict blasphemy laws are being used to persecute the widower and strip him of his pharmacy. The Muslim fundamentalists are exerting pressure on the provincial government and judges to convict anyone accused of blasphemy. Dr Ahmad was arrested when a mob, including local clerics, gathered outside a police station demanding that the doctor face charges.

The lawyers have filed three different bail applications and it is unacceptable that on the one bail application the fundamentalists occupied the court premises and shouted slogans and threatened the doctor’s lawyers and the judge. On the hearing of two bail applications the lawyers of the victim were absent. Doctor Ahmad is in the prison and there are chances that he would be killed in custody as the religious groups are inciting the prisoners to deal with the Ahmadi to change his religion or kill him. They believe that Ahmadis do not have any place in Islam. Religious hardliners claim there is a place in heaven waiting for anyone who murders a member of the sect.

His clinic has been illegally occupied by a Muslim leader who incited the community to punish an Ahmadi person so as to obtain possession of his property.

I therefore urge you to institute an immediate inquiry into the blatantly illegal arrest of this innocent man for the sole purpose of seizing his property. The government must take action to release Dr.

Ahmad and ensure that his property is returned to him. He should be given protection by the police so that any future harassment is curtailed. Action must be taken against the local police of Lahore who have, once again, not followed the law and taken action at the behest of fundamentalists who have created their own intelligence agencies.

It is shocking that the government authorities allow the law enforcement agencies to run their own agencies and accept as truthful their reports without any verification.

I also urge Prime Minister Cameron to contact the government of Pakistan in order to ensure the immediate release of Dr. Masood Ahmad, a British citizen.

Yours sincerely,

————————————————-

PLEASE SEND YOUR LETTERS TO:

1. Mr. Mian Nawaz Sharif

Prime Minister

Prime Minister House

Islamabad

PAKISTAN

Fax: +92 51 922 1596

Tel: +92 51 920 6111

E-mail: secretary@cabinet.gov.pk or pspm@pmsectt.gov.pk

2. Mr David Cameron

Prime Minister

10 Downing Street,

London, SW1A 2AA,

UK.

E-mail privateoffice@no10.x.gsi.gov.uk

3. Chaudhry Nisar Ali Khan

Federal Minister for Interior

R Block, Pak Secretariat

Islamabad (Pakistan)

Tele : 0092-51-9212026

Fax: 0092-51-9202624

Email Address: interior.complaintcell@gmail.com

ministry.interior@gmail.com

4. Federal Minister of Law and Human Rights

Ministry of Law, Justice and Human Rights

Old US Aid building

Ata Turk Avenue

G-5, Islamabad

PAKISTAN

Fax: +92 51 9204108

Email: contact@molaw.gov.pk

5. Mr. Makhdoom Ahmed Mehmood

Governor of Punjab

Governor House

Mall Road

Lahore, Punjab

PAKISTAN

Fax: +92 42 99203044

Email: governor.sectt@punjab.gov.pk

6. Mr. Justice Umar Ata Bandial

Chief Justice of Punjab Province

Lahore High Court

Shahra-e-Quaid-e-Azam, Lahore

PAKISTAN

Tel: +92 42 99212951-66

Fax: +92 42 99212279

Email: webmasterlhc@lhc.gov.pk

7. Mr. Shahbaz Sharif

Chief Minister

Government of Punjab

Province

Chief Minister

Secretariat

5-Club Road

GOR-I, Lahore, Punjab

PAKISTAN

Fax: +92 42 99205065

Email: cmcomplaintcell@cmpunjab.gov.pk

8. Dr. Faqir Hussain

Registrar

Supreme Court of Pakistan

Constitution Avenue, Islamabad

PAKISTAN

Fax: +92 51 9213452

Email: mail@supremecourt.gov.pk

9. Mr. Rana Sana Ullah Khan

Minister of Law

Government of Punjab

Punjab Secretariat

Ravi Road

Lahore, Punjab

PAKISTAN

Fax: +92 42 99212004

E-mail: law@punjab.gov.pk

 

10. Inspector-General of Police of Punjab

Police Head Office

Lahore, Punjab province

PAKISTAN

Fax: +92 42 9921006

The myth of the rule of Law in an American Police State – and America preaches to the world on human rights!!!

January 19th, 2014

Shenali D Waduge

 The country that proclaims to be the shining example of freedom of every kind cannot escape the harsh realities that questions how far Americans are living in a free state. Tragically, most Americans do not know or realize how successive Governments have been fooling them ” now America is a country in debt, majority of its citizen’s impoverished suffering numerous health issues, its war veterans depressed and under medication and American politicians believing it can still dictate to the world because the Companies that rule them say so. Moreover, the example of the Indian diplomatic passport holder being subject to a series of American Laws, legality of which denies even India to question the humiliation should seriously make India and the Rest of the World to wonder how safe it is for them to live or even travel to the US. http://www.policestateusa.com/

By the time people in America begin to realize that America is now a police state it would have been too late. Former top NSA official William Binney, declared that “We (the US) are now in a police state.”  The mass spying conducted by the Obama regime, Binney says “is a totalitarian process.”

http://www.washingtonsblog.com/2013/12/former-top-nsa-official-now-police-state.html

Americans have no freedoms: A country that demands freedoms and rights has been exposed for systematically collecting information on all telephone calls placed in the US. Americans find themselves dumbfounded that this invasion of privacy has been going on since 1970s. Americans do not have any privacy left ” they are being monitored ” telephone calls, conversations, telegrams and the US is even intercepting laptop computers ordered online.

Americans under a militarized police: there are almost 13,000 agencies in the 50 states of the US and 4 territories given training in local law enforcement. These SWAT teams are used to carry out routine law enforcement even delivering a warrant.

Americans are being shot at: Shooting unarmed civilians is illegal ” but not in the US. Rising reports of police shooting at unarmed citizens ” one such example was a 19 year old from Seattle who was shot in the leg by police after she refused to show her hands!

Americans are losing their private property: When the US Government tells American citizens what they can and cannot do inside their own homes it means you are no longer the owner of your property. When US law enforcement can break down doors, kill the dog, damage furnishings, terrorise the entire family it translates to mean that the US Government is showing that the property belongs to the State.

Americans have no body integrity (strip searches): Violating the 4th Amendment to the US Constitution which was meant to protect against citizens being subject to ‘unreasonable searches and seizures’ by government agents, today both property and bodies are permitted to be searched without warrant. The moral intent to protect human dignity should not deny humans their dignity!

American drones ” killing civilians with impunity: An estimated 30,000 is said to occupy US airspace by 2020 ($30billion annual industry). These unmanned aerial vehicles come in all shapes and sizes, even nano-sized drones as small as a grain of sand ” they conduct surveillance as well as possess capability to detonate. California police are using Qube drones which can hover for 40 minutes at heights of 400ft to conduct surveillance on targets as far as 1km away. Michael Downing, Los Angeles Police Dept deputy chief for counter terrorism says that drones will be flown over large-scale media events (Oscars) as well as survey political protests too.

http://www.theguardian.com/world/2013/jun/19/fbi-drones-domestic-surveillance

American children victims too: Even 9 year olds are suspended for pointing a toy at a classmate and saying ‘bang bang’ in a country once famous for playing ‘cowboys and Indians’. Two 6 year olds had been suspended in Maryland for using imaginary ‘finger’ guns in the schoolyard playing cops and robbers ” replicating what they view as cartoons. Instead of removing such cartoons the children are being reprimanded! http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2013/10/01/jordan-bennett-suspended-_n_4022494.html

A whole new list of laws and regulations are today taking shape within a wicked framework of partnership made up of Big Wigs in Government and Big Corporations. The ‘police state’ forming itself will translate to mean a corporate take over of America where political bureaucracy will be foolishly handed over to Companies and their Boards. The current politicians acting already as pawns are likely to be given status of CEOs in the Corporate State that is taking shape. With the ordinary people being denied their basic and fundamental human rights and with little access to their representatives to even convey their thoughts and feelings we can only ask what type of ‘Democratic Governance’ prevails in the mighty United States of America?

America has been passing judgment for years preparing dossiers on what countries do not do or should do and accusing countries of human rights violations, denial of media freedoms and rights while silently drafting laws and regulations that would curtail their own people.

§  National Defense Authorization Act ” this allows the indefinite detention of citizens. NDAA allows American citizens to be arrested, imprisoned, and tortured by the U.S. military–without due process of any kind! (violation of 4th amendment)

§  Even before the 9/11, NSA had planned to through the Presidential Executive Order to seize total control over the internet and all other communication media.

§  In August 2013 the Obama Administration sought Supreme Court approval to seize without warrant all cell phone data of a person arrested merely on suspicion of a crime – Over the past several years police throughout America have begun confiscating cell phones used by bystanders, even news reporters have had their cell phones confiscated even those standing on public property. U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that police have the right to strip and “body search” (including body cavities) anyone arrested for any reason””even a traffic violation””even if they have not yet been officially charged with anything. Prosecutorial misconduct has left scores of men spending years in prison for crimes they did not commit

§  US administration allows for the President of the US to order the assassination of any citizen whom he considers allied to terrorists (US accuses nations of extrajudicial killings).

§  US President also has the right to indefinitely detain US citizens accused of terrorism – Attorney General Ashcroft explicitly stated that terrorists do not deserve constitutional protections, all they deserve are “courts” of conviction, not justice.

§  US President can order warrantless searches/surveillance including a new capability to force companies and organizations to turn over information on citizens’ finances, communications and associations under the Patriot Act of 2001 and 2011 (welcome to the Land of Dreams)

§  America will soon deny right of workers to form unions –  the American Legislative Exchange Council, is coordinating the loss of union rights for public employees.

§  Extending the 2001/2011 Patriot Act further is the right to searches of everything from business documents to library records ” all that the US Government needs to use is ‘National Security Letter’ for companies to turn over information about their staff.

§  Secret evidence have been ample enough to detain individuals. Cases can be dismissed against the US by the simple act of filing declarations that it is against the national security

§  US administration denies CIA employees to be investigated or prosecuted ” this breaks international laws as well as the Nuremberg Principles of international law. What hypocrisy when US drafts Resolutions against countries while using its iron fists to deny even an allegation being charged against the US.

§  Secret Foreign Intelligence Surveiilance Court ” has secret warrants/secret searches of anyone

§  Immunity of Companies from Judicial Review ” Companies involved in warrantless searches have been given immunity blocking the right of civilians to challenge these searches by private parties as a violation of people’s right to privacy.

§  US is using GPS devices to monitor every move of targeted citizens without securing any court order or review  – everywhere Americans looks there is a camera looking at every move they make in the land of the free ” America!

§  The Extraordinary Renditions make it possible for the US to move both US and Non-US citizens to another country and even torture these ‘suspects’.

§  US Supreme Court handed three big victories to big corporations seeking immunity from the law, and equally substantial defeats to American workers and consumers – the Court made it easier for many bosses to get away with sexual or racial harassment, and it eased the path for many companies that retaliate against workers who claim they are victims of discrimination. The Court held a generic drug manufacturer whose product allegedly caused burns over half a patient’s body immune from a lawsuit that would have compensated this victim for her injuries.

§  If any American politician comes to Sri Lanka” please take a copy of this and hand over to him for comments on how a US citizen was treated just for telling Dick Cheney that he thought America’s actions in Iraq was ‘reprehensible’ – http://www.progressive.org/mag_mc100406 – at the going rate it is mostly likely that people would be shot first and questions asked later in the US.

realcops

A protester hold a sign in reaction to a police shooting outside of the Sonoma County Sheriff’s department on Tuesday, Oct. 29, 2013, in Santa Rosa, Calif. Hundreds of people have gathered in Santa Rosa to protest the fatal shooting of a 13-year-old boy by a California sheriff’s deputy. Andy Lopez was shot by a Sonoma County deputy last week after authorities say the deputy mistook a pellet gun Lopez was carrying for an assault rifle. Credit: AP

http://www.theblaze.com/contributions/welcome-to-the-united-police-states-of-america-where-police-shoot-first-ask-questions-later/

§  Under Obama care everyone is forced to pay for things they will never use causing healthcare premiums to skyrocket. People who had health care plans are being dropped because the health plan they had did not include paying for birth control, even though you’re a women who is 50 years old

§  Under Obama care – The immigration bill would make 11 million illegal aliens eligible for Obama care.

§  Under the Dodd Frank bill all currency placed into a American bank account is no longer secure after January 1, 2014 (even Federal credit unions). Frank Dodd bill declares bank depositors as unsecured creditor’s of the bank. Banks can own your deposits by law. If a bank has any financial problems they can now take your money as written under Frank Dodd.

§  The taste of freedom in the US is such that a person is likely to get arrested or hassled even branded a ‘terrorist’ even if he so much as complains against the taste of tap water, speaking out against government policies, protesting anything (look what happened to the Occupy movements), questioning war, criticising the government’s targeting of innocent civilians with drones, questioning government on pollution, asking questions about Wall Street shenanigans, holding gold, creating alternative currencies, stocking up more than 7 days of food, taking pictures or videos, opposing GMOs, opposing surveillance….

§  Even paying cash is a crime ” so too is having bumper stickers that says ‘Know your rights or lose them’!!!

Representatives/Senators of the US Congress were given only a few minutes to brisk through 2-3pages of the US Patriot Act before it was passed. They had been given no time to read through the Act ” they all signed because they did not wish to be termed ‘unpatriotic’. It was later that Lieberman, Daschle and Gephardt declared they had given Bush ‘near dictatorial powers’.

In short we are talking about a country where its Government has passed laws to avoid punishment for murder, gives itself the right to siege any American city, use FBI for terrorist attacks, spy on US citizens, intimidate US citizens, brand anyone a terrorist, ignore the Bill of Rights entirely, illegally imprison American citizens, loot tax payers money ” under the heading of ‘civil disturbance planning’ the US military is training troops and police to suppress democratic opposition in America (Dept of Defense Civil Disturbance Plan ” code named Operation Garden Plot) .

The tragedy is that most Americans do not even realize what is going on or how badly they are being deceived by the Federal Government.

They are being sold the story that the American Government is doing its best to keep them safe ” that safety is however slowly denying individual rights and taking away their freedoms without the Americans even realizing what is happening.  What has America gained in return for $6 trillion and one million injured soldiers, many very severely?

Moreover, the few who are aware don’t even know what to do about it. The situation is made worse because the media which is corporate media owned by corporates who in real terms runs the Federal government makes sure that the people know ONLY what they need to know and Americans in general are absolutely clueless about the sins that the American Government commits and has been committing over the years. We need to seriously wonder whether the diagnosis of Americans and subjecting them to anti-depressants and other medications is actually a sinister move to keep Americans like zombies and we need to also wonder if the same is being done to US servicemen as well as the pharmaceutical industry is one of the world’s key players and profits from the invasion and occupation of nations just as the food and construction industry.

Thomas Paine said ‘It is the duty of the Patriot to protect his country from his Government’ ” It is time America and the rest of the world begin to wake up.

Thomas Jefferson said “Evil triumphs when good men do nothing’ ” It is now time for the GOOD MEN of the world to do something.

The Ugly American ” War Criminal Britain and Modern Indian Sepoys bring Resolutions against Sri Lanka

January 18th, 2014

Shenali D Waduge

 What can we say when 3 countries pretend they are the most virtuous nations of the world while as each day unfolds their crimes emerge one after the other? The latest in a never ending list of atrocities are images of US marines burning bodies of Iraqi’s, while a 250 dossier has been submitted to the International Court against UK war crimes in Iraq and India which has more military than civilians in Kashmir and unmarked graveyards think they can bring resolutions against other nations ignoring their crimes. Nations of the world must surely wake up and realize that in endorsing their actions by silence it is only encouraging them in their wicked ways and who knows who will be the next target. In a world where R2P ” Global War on Terror are all synonymous with profit through plunder it is time other nations woke up to the realities that their nation may be next on the hit list.

In the case of the US ” they have wriggled stipulations that have ensured none of their military gets pulled up for any crimes. The UK dossier is likely to be just an eyewash too because the ICJ has been accused of being the white man’s burden for African leaders ONLY. As for India, all we can say is they are living up to the legacy of how they were trained to function as sepoys through colonial rule. India is likely to simply watch their own natives be humiliated by the West simply to receive a pat on the back as the West’s new ‘ally’. The Indian diplomat’s humiliation is just one example of the likelihood awaiting many Indians as the West will test India’s reaction to how far it will go to show it is an ‘ally’ of the West and India is doing a great job of forsaking their own even distancing itself from the entire Asian continent to belong to the white man’s circle or rather circus. There are plenty of sepoys in Sri Lanka too even among the ruling and amongst public servants who falter to defend the nation’s sovereignty and its pride.

There are plenty who are willing to hand over the nation on a platter. Just as the US, UK and India are getting exposed for their criminality. They have become the laughing stock of the world and for officials who do not get a cent into their accounts from the plunderers should really start to rethink of the immoral role they are playing in the lies they are helping to fabricate. Is this what their parents or education taught them to do?

As for the rest of us in Sri Lanka all we need say is that we can see through every lie being weaved. As a nation the public is well aware of the lies being developed. We know the extent the local foreign missions have been apprised to build up the youth against the nation by sending them for youth camps and giving them modern electronic equipment and showing them how to bring about a Sri Lankan spring, we are also aware how even politicians are being manipulated ” luckily none of us trust them and they stand for all that Buddha taught ” nothing is ever permanent. Which is why the public is well focused on ensuring that whatever happens we will defend the nation against ALL those who are attempting to divide, devolve or separate the nation.

We are not ignorant not to realize the realpolitik at play which is why we do not buy these stories of the last 4 months ” our war lasted 30 years and was an offshoot of the Tamil politicians calling youth to take up arms in 1976 with the Vaddukodai Resolution. If this period is not investigated in toto it will only place the Sri Lankan Government with the list of the above 3 groups as well.

We want the Government to start asking the correct questions. We will not accept half-hearted approaches now that the appeasement policy has failed Sri Lanka. For every accusation being made we want it to be cross examined and counter-questioned with the crimes taking place by the US, UK and India in the nations they have invaded and in the case of India its silence on the Kashmir issue. All the crimes of these nations are available to be used to ask the UN and its UNHRC head why none of their crimes ever gets UN panel of experts or the similar animosities that are being directed on a small nation as Sri Lanka that suffered 30 years of terrorism.

Niceties and diplomatic parlance are not in the vocabulary of these war mongers. The recipe of appeasement dished out by our foreign minister has repeatedly failed but is being repeatedly followed in a foolhardy strategy that has only resulted in 2 resolutions and the likelihood of a third spearheaded by the same parties.

Our brave armed forces saved the nation from terror and terrorists – they did so not to have it forsaken by a handful of sepoy public officials and Western stooges.

Whether the US, UK and India like it or not they have to accept they are not placed in any way to be pointing fingers especially India given that it hides its guilt of first training the LTTE and other militants on Indian soil.

Whether the religious entities and NGOs and even international NGOs like it or not they need to also accept that they too played a role in the continuance of the LTTE despite their obligations to civilians. All these entities would not like to have exposed their connivance with the LTTE over the years and the continuance which beckons us to ask what exactly their game is.

In any armed conflict as has been described ” there is a winner and a loser. That is what wars are all about. Just because the losing party had a grand alliance of very powerful nations, powerful foreign organizations and officials we cannot help that they have all been defeated. It appears this is a case of crying over spoilt milk.

The laws and rules of of armed conflict should not get confused with the humanitarian operation for that was only an additional appendage which none of the Western armies would even dream of doing and rules of armed conflict did not require the Sri Lankan military to go out of their way as they did.

With each year the lies of these co-partners of the LTTE are coming out as it is a case of replacing a lie with another lie. With truth on our side we are ready to take on these lies for plenty of nations and leaders have been unfairly, immorally treated and there is karmic justice for these crimes.

We think it time that the Third World start waking up and realize that a United Africa, a United Asia and United Latin America can easily defend itself against the handful of white nations attempting to converge neo-colonial policies in a bid to once more loot and destroy our people.

The world must stop functioning as SEPOYS and LASCARINES ” we must now wake up to ground realities.

Wigneswaran pushes forward West’s Re- Colonizing game plan in calling for re-write of Sri Lanka’s History

January 18th, 2014

Shenali D Waduge

It has become a key political and imperial strategy of the West intent on de”stabilizing and breaking up Sri Lanka to attribute all ills of this country to the majority Sinhala Buddhists and vilify the ‘Mahavamsa’ the ancient Historical Chronicle (originally written in the 5th Century by Mahanama Mahathera) as the literary source of all ethnic and religious disharmony in the country, while forgetting that most of this country’s current ethnic and religious disputes have originated in events that took place commencing in 1505 with the entry of the Portuguese followed by their successors i.e. Dutch and British, and local surrogates pushing hard to make Sri Lanka a vassal state subservient to the dictates of European colonial interests. Chief Minister Wigneswaran’s demand that Mahavamsa be set aside and a new history of the country be re- written with foreign input is a silly puerile effort. At best it is an ill ” informed move with hardly any chance of success in this modern Broadband cum Internet led era.

History stands witness. There is not a single shred of evidence to prove that wars were declared and people slaughtered, people forcefully converted, nations invaded and occupied because of Buddhism, Jainism or Hinduism. That however, cannot be said of Christianity/Catholicism or Islam. Much of the histories records of heinous crimes like the Inquisition, Crusades, Religious Holy Wars were tabulated not by Buddhists or Buddhist scholars but by Christian / Islamic scholars/writers themselves. The commentaries, spins and debates of these crimes and genocide are all available in major libraries and on the Internet. Therefore, a childish suggestion by a learned Chief Minister Wigneswaran to re-write history would mean that he may have to shut the Internet.  Even if a bon fire is made of the Mahavamsa, the bloodstained record of the crimes of the European imperialistic nations and their chief accomplice the Christian Churches cannot be simply erased from history.

 Dark Past

People who should be afraid of history and who should fear history are those who have something to hide or whitewash. That is so because they do not wish to stand accountable for their crimes. The European Christians have much to hide. They have a dark shameful history that stands against them. A history that reveals conquests, plunder, dispossession of land of native people as part of public policy, systemic methods of developing local stooges and surrogates, weakening people, teaching distorted history to their children” all this took place over a period of 500 years.

If that was not enough damage, they devised Human Rights laws and concepts like ‘Rule of Law’  to cover their tracks and to punish only those that they deemed to be guilty absolving themselves of all crimes committed by them both in the present and in the past.

However, Christian crimes of the past in Ceylon have been in recorded in great detail not only by us ” but also by their very own. For example, Portuguese Historians like Fernao de Queyroz, Friar Paulo da Trinidade, Joao Ribeiro, and Diogo de Couto, and Dutch Historians like Father Philippus Baldaeus have even given detailed information of the invasions and crimes committed by the Europeans in colonial Ceylon. Baldeus in particular went to Jaffna with an invading Dutch force and was the first European to document the life, language and culture of the people living in the north of the country.

Red Herring

Today, the allegations directed against the Mahavamsa and the denigrating propaganda is a mere red herring, a scapegoat of sorts simply to hide the real perpetrators of wrongs. If a handful of people are unhappy with the text of the Mahavamsa then in the same way the Buddhists have every right to question the religious texts of the Abrahamic religions which hurl abuse against non ” believers, as well. But when that happens the immediate response is to cry foul and claim that the Buddhists are attempting to threaten peaceful co – existence and disrupt harmony. Is there an unwritten rule that only the followers of the Abrahamic religions have a God given right to throw barbs and openly humiliate the other religions such as Hinduism and Buddhism, calling into question their practices but not the other way around? We all know that Buddhism Bashing is a favourite pastime of the local sepoy press and their fellow travelers. A right of reply is usually denied to Buddhists by the mainstream English language press in Sri Lanka.

Today the white man is using the Hindu and Buddhist surrogates as their spokesmen and we see that very clearly in the manner the Chief Minister appears to be acting as a proxy of the West.

Sinhalese saved Tamils

Chief Minister Wigneswaran should read history and appreciate how King Senerath in the early 17th Century sent his General Attapattu with a Sinhala Army to protect the lives of the Tamil Hindus from the Portuguese in Jaffna and this Sinhala Buddhist General gallantly laid down his life fighting the Portuguese no different to how 5000 Sri Lankan soldiers sacrificed their lives to save 300,000 Tamil civilians from the LTTE for which not a single word of gratitude has come apart from a handful of Tamils.

The European sea farers that came to explore the ‘new world’ they found throughout Africa, Asia and Latin America were all ‘Soldiers of Christ’. These ‘soldiers’ under the directions of their Kings and the Church destroyed both Buddhist and Hindu temples wherever they found them without exception and killed all those who resisted including Buddhist monks. To this day the people of Sri Lanka lament the manner in which the Portuguese destroyed the historic Kelaniya Raja Maha Vihara in 1578.

Christianity was introduced to Sri Lanka by the Portuguese and imposed by force using violence and built Churches over destroyed sites. If Buddhist temples along the maritime coast are not older than 150 years it is because the Portuguese destroyed them with the blessings of the Roman Catholic King of Portugal, his Viceroy in Goa, the Pope in the Vatican and Roman Catholic Church in Sri Lanka.

List of destroyed Buddhist and Hindu Temples by the Portuguese

Details of these temples being destroyed and Churches built on top of them were written not only by Buddhists but by the Portuguese themselves. De Quieroz’s works give lists of temples upon which Churches were built in Sri Lanka and there is no better reconciliation than returning these former Buddhist owned lands that were taken by force then destroying ancient old temples and building Churches on top of them. These were all deliberate acts as State/Religious policy. Not even an apology has come thus far. Fellippe de Oliveria, the Portuguese conqueror of Jaffna was reputed for having destroyed 500 Temples commencing in 1619.  

What Wigneswaran should be doing is to reclaim the historical heritage that was forcefully taken over by foreign invaders and on top of which Churches now stand.

To this list includes the following:

  • Madhu Church in Mannar where once stood the Ninth century Pattini Devales for Kannagi, famous heroine of Madurai in Tamil Nadu.
  • Kochikade Church in Colombo which was also usurped.
  • The 1000 pillared temples in Devundara in South and Trincomalee in East, Saman Devale temple in Ratnapura, Kelaniya Temple were all ransacked and burnt

It was not only temples/kovils that were ransacked and burnt ” Buddhist schools and mini universities (Sunethra Devi Pirivena in Kotte, Vidagama Pirivena in Raigama, Tottagamuwe Pirivena in Hikkaduwa) were also targets and even Buddhist scholar monks were killed. History stands witness to these crimes as tabulated by their own foreign historians.

To be added to this list are Nallur Kandasamy Kovil, Kailasanathar Temple, Munneswaran Temple, Chilapam, Vishnu Temple, Tirukethieswaram Temple, Mathoddam, Tiru Konesar Temple and Thirukonamalai temple. Compulsory proselytizing meant 6000 Tamil Hindus were converted by the Jesuits. The Saraswathy Mahal ” the oldest museum and library was also burnt down by the foreigners. Would Wigneswaran wish to erase these hard facts from history simply because he now wishes to function as a proxy and modern version of the permanently enslaved Indian sepoy serving western imperial interests in a contemporary setting replicating the past?

The Rajavaliya, a Sri Lanka historical chronicle describes the arrival of the Portuguese and the welcome accorded to the visitors according to traditional Buddhist customs but the Portuguese came with a 3 pronged purpose ” Commerce, Conquest and Conversion.

It is very unfortunate that the minorities whom the Sinhalese Buddhists saved from being wiped out by these foreign invaders are today working with foreign governments/organizations against the descendants of these Sinhalese Buddhists.

Magnanimous gesture of King Senerath

 It was the Sinhalese King Senerath who saved the Muslims from slaughter by the Portuguese under Captain ” General Constantin de Saa Noronha in 1626 and re-settled them in the East, and even the Catholics who were targets of the Dutch were also given safe haven in the Kandyan Kingdom by King Rajasinghe the Second. Today, these minorities have all banded together against the Sinhalese Buddhists with only a handful of the latter coming forward to protect not only their ethnic/racial cultural heritage but their country as well.

Papal Bulls were declared by the Pope in 1452, 1455, 1456 mandating the conversion of Sinhalese and Tamils. The Catholics of the Negombo, Chilaw, Mannar fishing communities all descend as a result of these mass conversions of mostly Tamils for the colonials found it easier to convert them than the Sinhalese Buddhists.

Many of these converts through education were taught to renounce and mentally hate the country and the heritage to which they were born ” it was from these brainwashed that the colonial rulers picked their ‘soldiers’ who were later known as ‘sepoys’ or lascarines fighting against their own people on behalf of the white rulers. There are plenty of modern day sepoys/lascarines amongst us being nurtured in virtually the same manner as some of their forbears during colonial rule.

No amount of whitewashing the dark history that covers invasions, plunder, mass murder of even Buddhist monks, genocide, slavery, starvation, torture, inhuman punishment, savagery documented by their own officials, writers and Governments can wipe out that dark past. Re -writing history would mean that every single book written by hundreds of authors which are now online would need to be systematically removed. Homes would need to be invaded and the rare collections of books documenting these atrocities would need to be confiscated ” this is exactly what Adolf Hitler and Josef Goebels did during Nazi rule and it is also exactly what the Allied Forces did to the Germans immediately after World War 2.

Double Standards

What is unfortunate is the double standards at play. While Buddhism and Buddhists  bashing is free for all but when Buddhists attempt to remind those flogging them about their dark past the immediate response is to be branded as chauvinists, rabble rousers and upsetting harmony and peaceful coexistence. Not a word gets said about the wrong doings of the others.

Does Wigneswaran wish to change the fact that Jaffna was made Catholic en masse but reverted to Hinduism after Dutch arrival in 1658?    

As for conversion of Tamil Hindus it is recorded thus

  • Conversion of Jaffna Tamil Hindus by Franciscans alone (Jesuits) ” 52,000 (Prof. Tikiri Abeysinghe)
  • Over 70,000 adult Christians and children under 25 parishes run by Franciscans alone in Jaffna in 1634 ” ‘taking that figure as a rough basis for the calculation of the total number of Christians in Jaffna under the care of the 42 parishes one gets the figure 115,000′. (Friar Paulo da Trinidade)
  • ‘Nearly all natives (in Jaffna) are Christians (Antonio Bocarro’s report ” 1634)
  • Jaffna was ‘wholly Christian’ (Fernao de Queiros ” renowned Portuguese chronicle of Ceylon)

South Indian mercenaries (referred to as Badagas) were used by the Portuguese and are no different to the sepoys/lascarine terminology used for those working for the enemy. In all probability the LTTE used these mercenaries which is why we continue to question how legal are some of the Tamils presently living in Sri Lanka.

Wigneswaran may also like to note that according to Fernao de Queiros the people of Jaffna had been ‘reduced to the utmost misery’ under Portuguese rule ” Does he want to remove this truth from history as well? The village of Puthur which had 100 households was left with only 14 by 1645.

It is also pertinent to recall the Battle of Danture where a desperate battle was fought in 1593 led by Konappu Bandara  (later to become Wimala Dharmasuriya the first) to deny the Portuguese attempt to capture Kandy heartland and rule using Dona Catherina (12 years) through a marriage to a Portuguese aristocrat. Had this union occurred under Roman law ‘cujus region, illius religio’ would have taken place ” he who rules the land determines the religion.

The sad tragedy today is that the Sinhalese Buddhists who protected the minorities of Sri Lanka from invading forces and even lost their lives in pursuit of this protection have to face the hard reality that a quite a number in the minority groups have banded together in unfortunate campaigns against the Sinhalese Buddhists under heavy lobbying by foreign western interests, in a bid to lay the blame for every issue at the doorstep of the former.  

Sinhala Buddhist ” Tamil Hindu Unity

What we need to tell Wigneswaran and his ilk is that the aforesaid examples of Sinhala Buddhist ” Tamil Hindu unity that existed prior to 1505 and even in the Kandyan Kingdom was heavily undermined by the divide and rule policy of the European colonial empires that ruled this country for nearly 450 years and had as the corner stone of their imperial policy the conversion of both the Tamil Hindus and Sinhala Buddhists into Christianity. 

Look at what happened in Goa. All the Hindus in Goa were forcibly converted into Christianity under threat of punishment through the Portuguese inquisition. The Kingdoms of Sitawaka and Kandy fought against these invaders and that is why three religions Buddhism, Hinduism and Islam are to this day extant in Sri Lanka. We could have become another Philippines or an East Timor if there was no resistance from the Sinhalese.  The foundation for enduring peace and stability in Sri Lanka is Sinhala Buddhist ” Tamil Hindu Unity.

Re ” writing history will not work to the advantage of the Tamil Hindus, Sinhala Buddhists or Muslims. Only those who wish to hide their criminal past in this country will stand to profit from it. Do not become a pawn in the hands of western countries or the Christian Church. They have no love for either the Sinhalese, Tamils or Muslims. What the West has done in the Middle East they will soon engineer in Sri Lanka if we are not alert or foolish enough to fall for their traps.

In any case re- writing history is a futile exercise as we can all access the Internet today and learn much more on any historical aspect than was possible to our forefathers.

 

LIFE ABROAD – Part 62-THREE TAMASHAS IN LONDON

January 18th, 2014

Dr.Tilak Fernando Courtesy The Daily News

Tilakfernando  On January 19, 1996, cocktails overflowed, short-eats vanished, the sounds of laughter and rejoicing of guests in a social intercourse vibrated through five floors of an impressive post-war building in the City of London. The occasion was stage one of three different ‘tamashas‘ to celebrate the relocation of the Bank of Ceylon’s London branch to a new premises at No. 1 Devonshire Square, London EC2, from its old haunts at 22-24 City Road, London EC4. To punctuate the occasion and add more allure and grandeur to the event, the General Manageress and Deputy General Manageress (Overseas Trade) at the time, had flown specially to London.

That was the third relocation for Bank of Ceylon’s London Branch. As one of the oldest banks in the heart of London, since 1949, this institution had been initially placed at a prestigious location in the City of London; No.1 Aldermanbury Square, London EC2, nestled among the world’s reputed banking establishments. The Aldermanbury Square building was on a long lease at a cost of £80,000. It had requisite office and storage facilities, a spacious basement, a huge vault; the cost of the lease was calculated at £4,450 a year (i.e. £1.43 per sq.ft) in the heart of the City of London!

Human error

Whether it is a banker, an accountant or even an economist, at times human error is inevitable. Perhaps, it may be why the Chief Manager in London at the time decided to sell this building when the Bank enjoyed a ‘negligible rent’ with un-expired lease of 14 more years!

Bank of Ceylon, by virtue of being the only sitting tenant on a long lease, especially when all the occupants in other floors had moved out, was in a unique position to seize the opportunity and buy- back the lease, under Section 30 of the Landlord-Tenant Act 1954 (revised many times). Instead, the Chief Manager decided to dispose of the building for £750,000.

On the surface it appeared to the Colombo Board of Management that Bank was making a substantial profit – having bought the lease for £80,000 and selling it at £750,000. Valuation experts in London, however, assessed the commercial value of the building, taking into account the remaining period of the lease above £1.5 million!

Therefore, what the Bank of Ceylon lost a few years ago, due to a short-sighted policy adopted allegedly by the Chief Manager in London, became the Headquarters of the Standard Chartered Bank in London later.

Having made a profit by disposing of No1. Aldermanbury Square building, Bank of Ceylon’s next move out was to 22-24 City Road in London EC4, under the instructions of the same Chief Manager at a cost of £2.1 million, on a 236 year lease with a rack rental of 30 per cent, with a minimum payment of £90,000 per annum to the freehold owner!

Rescue operation

As the controversy grew and serious discussions took place within the cylindrical walls of the Bank of Ceylon Board Room in Colombo over the 30 per cent rack rental on the new City Road building, it had already become a growing cancer on Bank’s finances! An alternative had to be found soon. By this time the architect of this catastrophe (The Chief Manager – Bless his soul) had thrown the towel in and retired from Bank’s service quite contentedly. Subsequently, his successor to London had to pick up the pieces and rebuild the Bank of Ceylon’s jig-saw once again. He achieved this goal by actively performing the Forex Unit effectively; simultaneously he negotiated the purchase of the new five storey building for under £1 million situated at 1 Devonshire Square, London EC2M 4WD.

Politics

It certainly was a marked absence on the occasion not to see the adventurous chief manager who managed to save the face of Bank of Ceylon when the new building was ceremoniously declared open with the lighting of the traditional oil lamp in the presence of the outgoing GM and the DGM who had especially flown to London to grace the occasion. It was a sad affair that the new manager had been completely uncared for.

Another significant occurrence was the opening of a sub-branch at 22 Regent Street (The Ceylon Tea Centre Building, then known as the Sri Lanka Trade Centre) by The Sri Lankan High Commissioner.

The outgoing General Manager, in her ceremonial speech announced that “The Bank of Ceylon was playing a major role in Sri Lankan businesses in the UK, and with two wings of its London Branch, it was fully equipped to provide assistance to the Lankan business community in the UK“.

However, the London branch had failed to persuade the Sri Lanka High Commission to operate their account through Bank of Ceylon for decades; instead the HC office sought the services of National Westminster Bank (NatWest later) while the Sri Lankan government paid heavy bank charges to NatWest, Paddington Branch!

The second soir©e of the Bank of Ceylon took place in the morning of January 22, 1996 at the Sri Lanka Trade Centre where a good cross section of Sri Lankan expatriates and business community participated.

In the same evening, Bank of Ceylon’s celebrations reached a climax at the Churchill Inter-Continental Hotel, Portman Square, Marble Arch in West London, with an extravagant dinner to an exclusive crowd including British parliamentarians and Bank of England officials etc., to mark the opening of the Regent Street Sub-Branch and the re-location of Bank of Ceylon’s main branch to No.1 Devonshire Square, London EC2.

Action and reaction

Similar to Isaac Newton’s Law of Gravity, the outgoing General Manager’s action had an equal and opposite reaction. In that context, one section of the Sri Lankan community appreciated the good works of the Bank, while sceptics were quick to question whether the Bank of Ceylon could justify the enormous amount of money wasted on three celebrations by throwing an impressive dinner at a five star hotel for around 75 people, costing at least £50 (Rs.4,100) per head (considered rather expensive at the time).

Further suggestions indicated a more productive approach if such money spent on three ‘tamashas’ was contributed to the Defence Fund! Alternatively, the business community in London were invited, offered them a piece of kiri bath and a cup of tea and made them open a current or savings account at both branches by giving the first few hundred customers an incentive of £5 to open such accounts at a time not many Sri Lankans were account holders of the London branch!

Tidal waves

Few months later tremendous undercurrents and tidal waves started forming at the Bank of Ceylon’s Tower in Colombo after the retirement of the General Manager. One sensitive issue which nearly forced the seams of the cylindrical walls of the tower was about the upgrading of the designation of London Chief Manager’s position to Deputy General Manager status, under the very nose of the new General Manager.

Rumours suddenly erupted about the abrupt withdrawal of the already London based Chief Manager to Colombo prematurely to make way for a vibrant and very senior Deputy General Manager, who was about to retire, to assume responsibilities of the newly upgraded post of Deputy General Manager and made him run two branches of the Bank of Ceylon in London while managing a third building to generate income with a magic wand to meet the financial commitments of the bank’s London branchj.

Pros and cons

The appointment of the senior Deputy General Manager to the newly upgraded post in London managed to upset the hornets’ nest in Colombo Head Office. Consequently, the Independent Arm of the Bank of Ceylon communicated with the Department of Employment in London complaining about the unfairness and injustice meted out to the transferred Chief Manager who was given marching orders from London prior to the expiry of his contract.

IABC made a written request to the British authorities requesting them not to entertain any requests either from the Bank’s General Manager or her subordinates with regard to the application for a work permit to the newly appointed DGM in London.

However, Bank authorities thought it fit to maintain the upgraded Deputy General Manager’s status and spend a few more Sterling Pound out of the Sri Lankan tax payers’ money!

Whatever criticisms may have been levelled against the Bank of Ceylon, this Sri Lankan Institution in London was in a unique position to woo many new Sri Lankan customers by being a powerful magnet among the expatriate community, particularly the entrepreneurial stock.

As much as the Bank of Ceylon’s impressive buildings and posh offices, at most prestigious locations in London and with the cream of its Management staff, it was thought that the time was ripe for the national bank to move with the times in London in public relations, performances and by cutting down on bureaucratic red tape to a minimum if the Bank’s intention was to compete with numerous other high street banks which were in every street corner of London.

This argument was justified by comparing with other foreign national banks such as Bank of Baroda, Habib Bank, Muslim Commercial Bank, State Bank of India etc., where they attempt to maximise their operations within their communities by upgrading themselves to almost the same standards of other commercial banks in the UK, in both equipment wise as well as the services they offered to their customers.

A Workable Action Plan for UNHRC 2014 and Beyond

January 17th, 2014

Prepared by: Dilrook Kannangara

Already three resolutions against Sri Lanka have been passed in UNHRC in 2009 (wrong to classify it as a win as today’s problems stem from it), 2012 and 2013. A fourth is on the way in 2014. As per threats made by UK and US officials, it will focus on imposing an international investigation into alleged war crimes. Facing the war crimes issue and defeating it are essential.

1.       The Context

UNHRC resolutions, focus and action have little to do with human rights. They are more about wrestling control of matters internal to nations and manipulating them for the continued world dominance by cartels within the UNHRC. At all times the most powerful western cartel maintains a majority in the 47-member UNHRC.

Western interests and Indian interests converge on Sri Lanka. Both these interests want the island nation divided into two nations for their global and regional domination strategies to work. Peaceful rise of China further necessitates such a move to disintegrate the island nation as the west and India fear their hegemonic interests compromised. With that in mind, ‘Co-Chairs’ (donor group of aid to Sri Lanka) and India engineered the 2002 CFA (Ceasefire Agreement) which recognised a de facto territory in Vanni and parts of Jaffna, Trincomalee, Batticaloa and Ampara districts that fell within LTTE control. A ‘Line of De facto Control’ was recognised by them. Pursuant to their disintegration strategy, various approaches were discussed including ISGA, PTOMS, etc. However, by 2007 Sri Lanka had successfully procured better borrowing avenues bypassing the Co-Chairs. These included China financing and direct borrowing in bond markets. The ability of ‘Co-Chairs’ to dictate terms to Sri Lanka ended. UNHRC replaced the ‘Co-Chairs’ arrangement.

Today the western and Indian interest in dividing the island nation is far greater. Peaceful rise of China has continued, India is planning for power projection beyond its territory with aircraft carriers and foreign military bases, A2/AD (anti access/area denial) tactics have become most important in naval warfare, US troops leaving Afghanistan in 2014 loosing a vital foothold in South Asia and the Diego Garcia lease is up for renewal in 2014 (expiring in 2016) risking the US its largest overseas military base.

Since the unification of Germany, a few dozen new nations have come into existence. Apart from Serbia, South Ossetia and Abkhazia, all other new nations are strong pro-western bastions. Since Tamil Elam, if created, will be a permanent suckling of India and the west, its creation is a top strategic, geopolitical and even electoral priority for them. It will be perfectly positioned to safeguard Indian Territory, deploy weapons and troops against China and other sea lane users (A2/AD strategy) and use it as an expendable territory in warfare.

The end result of all UNHRC manoeuvres will be the creation of Tamil Elam. Therefore, it is crucially important to put the war crimes allegation matter to rest and desist from conceding into any and all political demands. It is not the business of the UNHRC to propose or impose devolution, demilitarisation, civilian rule in the north or any other governance related matter.

2.       The Correct Legal Position on the Conflict

The International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) conducted a study on customary international humanitarian law (IHL). It was originally published by Cambridge University Press. It is a near close practical guide to IHL as it applied. These laws must be the basis of any defence Sri Lanka mounts against UNHRC allegations. They can also be used in any international investigation or war crimes tribunal if the need arises.

http://www.icrc.org/customary-ihl/eng/docs/home

It is vitally important to base the case on these principles as it is the only method to ensure all allegations are addressed within the applicable legal framework. Moral, political and propaganda issues must not be entertained in addressing these legal issues.

“An Armed Conflict exists whenever there is resort to armed force between States or protracted armed violence between government authorities and organized groups or between such groups within a State” (International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia 1995 (ICTY)).

Going by the ICRC study and the ICTY definition, the conflict in Sri Lanka can be defined as a non-International Armed Conflict (NIAC). The armed conflict lasted from July 1983 to May 19, 2009 stemming from the Vadukoddai Resolution (May 1976). In such a case Rules of War applies. It must be noted that UN Secretary General’s Panel of Experts correctly interpreted the conflict as an Armed Conflict. Yet there was lack of evidence presented on the conduct of the LTTE which led to a highly biased and partial outcome. Sri Lankan government didn’t participate in the Panel of Experts investigation. Witnesses were not cross examined and evidence was not verified for accuracy. Another drawback was the absence of a national or international mandate for the Panel of Experts investigation. Due to this false evidence could be given. Yet another drawback was the narrow categorisation of the LTTE camp (a party to the war). It was not LTTE alone that fought against Sri Lankan government troops. The LTTE camp included Tamil political parties that incited violence, functioned as the mouthpiece of the LTTE, provided ideological and legal guidance to the LTTE camp, justified acts of terror by the LTTE and made use of LTTE acts of violence to extort political demands. LTTE camp also included Tamil Diaspora sections, NGOs/INGOs and other connected entities that provided weapons, finances and protection to LTTE cadres, leaders and localities.

Report on ‘Possible War Crimes’ by the US government in 2009 also classified the conflict as an armed conflict. However, it involved no investigation and failed to recognise the LTTE camp in its entirety.

When the conflict is defined correctly as an armed conflict, rules of war applies which make it imperative for both parties to the conflict to observe rules of war.

2.1. Application of Rules of War

 

2.1.1.        Indiscriminately attacking No Fire Zones (NFZs) is an allegation levelled against government troops. However, it has no legal basis.

“Protected Zones referred to as No Fire Zones or Safe Zones are created specifically to protect civilians and the wounded and sick” (ICRC Rule # 35). The Rule further states such zones must be “accepted in writing by the parties to the armed conflict”. There was no such acceptance in the case of NFZs in Sri Lanka which were unilaterally declared by the government of Sri Lanka. LTTE violated even the very concept of NFZs by moving its combatants, leaders and equipment into NFZs. As no NFZ existed in reality, the government forces responded with small arms fire to LTTE infiltration into the NFZs. These NFZs were just part of the battlefield of the Armed Conflict where Rules of War apply.

2.1.2.        Attacks on medical centres including established hospitals is another allegation against government troops.

“Medical units exclusively assigned to medical purposes must be respected and protected in all circumstances. They lose their protection if they are being used, outside their humanitarian function, to commit acts harmful to the enemy” (ICRC Rule #28).

Evidence exists, gathered from UAVs, visual observation, civilian accounts and military accounts that LTTE used hospitals and hospital premises to fire artillery and mortar shells at government troops thereby causing to lose their protection. Having so lost the legal protection granted under IHL, government troops cannot be blamed for attacking LTTE positions close to hospitals in an attempt to neutralise them. Proportionality was respected at all times. Only minimum necessary force was used.

2.1.3.        Restriction of humanitarian aid and access is another allegation against the government.

“The parties to the conflict must allow and facilitate rapid and unimpeded passage of humanitarian relief for civilians in need, which is impartial in character and conducted without any adverse distinction, subject to their right of control” (ICRC Rule #55).

“The parties to the conflict must ensure the freedom of movement of authorized humanitarian relief personnel essential to the exercise of their functions. Only in the case of imperative military necessity may their movements be temporarily restricted” (ICRS Rule #56).

Government forces allowed all humanitarian missions unimpeded passage of humanitarian relief for civilians in need in all government controlled areas. Unimpeded passage of humanitarian relief for civilians in need in LTTE controlled areas (including what were called NFZs) was also allowed subject to safety concerns. Imperative military necessity temporarily restricted humanitarian access. ICRC praised Sri Lanka Navy for allowing and facilitating unimpeded passage of humanitarian relief for civilians in need.

Making humanitarian supplies is not a duty of the government which was a party to the Armed Conflict even though the government did provide the bulk of humanitarian aid. Estimation of humanitarian needs is also not a duty of the government which was a party to the Armed Conflict.

2.2. Application of Rules of War to Civilian Casualties

A credible local census as carried out by the government of Sri Lanka in 2013 into disappeared persons is needed to ascertain the number of total human casualties in the north during the war time (1983 to 2009). They must be verified against birth, school, immunization, death (if any), marriage and immigration/emigration records to ensure accuracy. A number so arrived gives the total number of war dead. This can be used to expel absurd numbers given by surviving parties to the Armed Conflict and other interested groups.

However, it does not say how many of them were combatants and how many were civilians. Obviously a very large number of LTTE cadres died in war as over a dozen LTTE battalions/regiments were decimated in the normal course of the war. Those who assert a civilian casualty number must prove it with irrefutable evidence. No such evidence exists.

Trapped in the battle zone and crossfire probably killed a large number of civilians.

Civilian casualties are commonplace in any war. In addition, LTTE acts in desperation including artillery and mortar attacks, explosion of explosives in hasty transport operations and execution for trying to leave the LTTE or for treason killed a large number of civilians. LTTE must be held culpable for these deaths.

Government troops’ action also possibly killed civilians as in any war.

2.2.1.        There are many filters those classified casually as civilians must pass through before determining the culpability of their killing.

 2.2.1.1.  “For the purposes of the principle of distinction in non-international armed conflicts, all persons who are not members of state armed forces or organized armed groups of a party to the conflict are civilians and, therefore, entitled to protection against direct attack unless and for such time as they take a direct part in hostilities” (ICRC, 2009).

In other words, civilians are not entitled to protection against direct attack if and as long as they take a direct part in hostilities. There is evidence of civilians taking a direct part in warfare including shooting at the army, manning LTTE military positions, operating artillery and gun positions and suicide bombers operating in civilian attire. Possibly a large number of civilians died in war while engaging in direct attacks on government troops. These casualties are not culpable. The government must not be held accountable for these civilian casualties.

However, participation in hostilities extends far beyond direct attacks on government troops by civilians.

2.2.1.2.  “It is generally and increasingly considered that there are many activities which involve a more indirect role for civilians, where the civilian is not one or more steps (geographically or temporarily) away from the actual application of violence (which may be virtual rather than physical) and may not even consider him to be a direct participant in hostilities, and which do not actually involve attacks in the literal or kinetic sense, or where the casualty relationship is more indirect, yet which are also considered as direct participation in hostilities” (Asser Institute ” Centre for International & European Law). Evidence exists to show this type of involvements included transporting LTTE artillery guns and other equipment, helping LTTE dig trenches and bunkers to house various guns and artillery, willingly or unwillingly be part of LTTE human shields used to protect its leaders, living in tents in very close proximity to LTTE artillery positions (as indicated in photos of the last stages of the battle) and providing cover to LTTE gunners. Possibly a sizable number of civilians died in war while engaging in direct hostilities against government troops this way. These casualties are not culpable. The government must not be held accountable for these civilian casualties.

In addition to the above two situations, did government troops deliberately attack civilians? There is no evidence of it. Did government troops intentionally put civilians in harm’s way? There is no evidence of it.

This legal position sums up the case against alleging culpability of civilian casualties on the government. However, for these legal challenges to be mounted against allegations, the conflict must be defined as an armed conflict.

2.3. Taking this position will be highly sensitive as the Tamil populace will be disappointed by the government troops’ strict application of IHL principles in war without always (emphasised) going beyond the legal and moral standards of care in armed conflict. However, this moral standard is no defence in IHL and therefore useless. For instance a party that has always gone by very high moral standards of care in war may still be held accountable if it didn’t strictly comply with any one of IHL requirements. A legal comparable can be drawn in the case of theft which is defined as taking something from the due possession of another without his/her consent. Claiming ownership (as opposed to possession) is no excuse although on moral grounds the owner cannot commit theft on something he/she owns! In law, a person can still commit theft on something he/she owns. This exemplifies the need to separate moral issues from legal issues.

 3.       A Domestic Investigation into the Conduct of All Parties to the Armed Conflict

When the conflict is defined as an armed conflict where Rules of War applies, it necessitates an investigation into all the parties to it, not just the government troops. Conduct of government troops, the LTTE, Tamil political parties including ITAK, ACTC, TULF, particularly the TNA, PLOTE, TMVP, Tamil Diaspora, NGOs/INGOs and other connected parties must be investigated. Inciting war crimes is also a war crime and most Tamil political parties are answerable to such allegations. Former LTTE cadres released after rehabilitation must be subjected to prosecution. Former LTTE leaders including a MP, a PC councillor, ‘KP’ and others must also be investigated. They are not above the law. Sparing them is a serious flaw in the investigation.

This goes against the ‘spirit of reconciliation’ and party politics. However, national interest must take precedence.

All Channel 4 allegations must be looked into as to their authenticity and where authentic, the parties involved in the acts. No one should be spared the investigation. It must be complete and comprehensive.

3.1. Investigate All Allegations against Security Forces

Most of these allegations have already been investigated. These include the Trincomalee case, Bindunuwewa case, various misconduct cases against security forces personnel. Further preliminary investigations were carried out by the LLRC. All other allegations against security forces must be investigated impartially by a local panel of experts with no interest in anti-Sri Lankan activities.

3.2. Investigate All Allegations against the LTTE and Affiliates

So far Sri Lankan investigations have been partial as they only focused on allegations against security forces. LTTE war crimes were never investigated! Thousands of LTTE war crimes must be investigated. Wrongdoers, accomplices and abetters of these crimes must be identified and punished.

In order to do so, LTTE must be made a party to war in applying its obligations in war by defining the war as an armed conflict.

3.2.1.   In an interview with Hindustan Times in September 2013, President Rajapaksa lamented the double standards in applying human rights and Geneva Convention obligations for states (liable) and for non-state actors (not liable). He explained the need to change it. However, there is a way to frame LTTE in war crimes and human rights violations.

3.2.1.1.   In 2004 the Appeals Chamber of the Sierra Leone Special Court held that ‘‘it is well settled that all parties to an armed conflict, whether states or non-state actors, are bound by international humanitarian law, even though only states may become parties to international treaties” (Prosecutor v. Sam Hinga Norman (Case No. SCSL-2004-14-AR72(E)), Decision on preliminary Motion Based on Lack of Jurisdiction (Child Recruitment), Decision of 31 May 2004, para. 22.).

3.2.1.2.  Therefore, if the conflict in the island can be defined as Non-international Armed Conflict (NIAC), the LTTE can also be held accountable for its share of horrendous crimes. In fact, UN Special Rapporteur on Extrajudicial, Summary or Arbitrary Executions, Philip Alston enumerated how the LTTE is duty bound to honour human rights. LTTE ‘exercised significant control over territory and population and had an identifiable political structure’ and therefore it must be held accountable.

3.2.1.3.    He further states, “The LTTE plays a dual role. On the one hand, it is an organization with effective control over a significant stretch of territory, engaged in civil planning and administration, maintaining its own form of police force and judiciary. On the other hand, it is an armed group that has been subject to proscription, travel bans, and financial sanctions in various Member States. The tension between these two roles is at the root of the international community’s hesitation to address the LTTE and other armed groups in the terms of human rights law. The international community does have human rights expectations to which it will hold the LTTE, but it has long been reluctant to press these demands directly if doing so would be to treat it like a State’.”

3.2.1.4.    LTTE declared its intention to uphold UN Declaration of Human Rights in October 2005. The LTTE created North East Secretariat on Human Rights released the final version of the NESOHR Charter of human rights in October 2005. Its stated objectives include promoting respect for human rights ‘‘according to the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the International Covenants on human rights””, available at, http://nesohr.org/charter/Charter-English.PDF. (UN Doc. E/CN.4/2006/53/Add.5, 27 March 2006)

3.2.1.5.   UN agencies exchanged letters with the LTTE on its obligations to uphold human rights.

Allegation letter sent to the LTTE 21 November 2005, UN Doc. E/CN.4/53/Add.1, 27 March 2006, p. 320.

3.2.1.6.    Mediated by Norway, LTTE and the Sri Lankan government signed the CFA (2002). Although the Appeal Court declared it illegal in 2008, the signing of it shows that LTTE had ‘exercised significant control over territory and population and had an identifiable political structure’. PTOMS (2005) which aimed to create co-operation between the government and the LTTE in the aftermath of the tsunami also assumed ‘exercised significant control over territory and population and had an identifiable political structure’ though de jure it had no validity.

(Sourced from among others and further reading: http://www.icrc.org/eng/assets/files/other/irrc_863_clapham.pdf)

These pieces of evidence show that LTTE and the Tamil Elam camp, which is an accomplice in LTTE activities, cannot evade human rights obligations.

3.2.2.        It is wrong to assume that using this evidence against the LTTE entails it getting the recognition of a state. It does not confer any statehood or anything remotely close. As non-state actors proliferate around the world engaged in unspeakable horror against humankind, it is only just that they are held accountable for their action. That does not necessarily mean a non-state actor achieves statehood or legitimacy as determined in the Sierra Leone case. On the other hand these provisions don’t affect the conduct of EPDP and TMVP activities as they never ‘exercised significant control over territory and population and had an identifiable political structure’.

 3.2.3.        Unless the LTTE is made a party obliged to uphold human rights and conventions of war in the Non-International Armed Conflict, the government will have to take the blame for most atrocities during the war. Unless LTTE’s war crimes are proven there is no way to implicate the culpability of sections of the Tamil Diaspora that financed terror, sections of the international community complicit in terror financing, the liability of Tamil political parties in hate mongering and other connected groups.

 3.2.4.        LTTE’s culpability can be used as a negotiating tool against India and the west that were complicit in allowing the LTTE raise over $300 million a year and for hosting LTTE political wings and front organisations until they were banned.

 3.3.      Investigate All Allegations against Tamil Racist Political Parties and Riots

LTTE never had an ideological wing guiding it. LTTE’s ideology was invented, popularised and militarised by Tamil political parties including the All Ceylon Tamil Congress (ACTC), Ilankai Tamil Arasu Kachchi (ITAK), Tamil United Liberation Front (TULF), Tamil National Alliance (TNA), Peoples Liberation Organisation of Tamil Elam (PLOTE), Tamil Elam Liberation Organisation (TELO) and other ancillary groups.                                          

Anti-Sinhala Tar Brush Campaign (1957-58), Vadukoddai Resolution which called for war against Sri Lanka (1976), demands to unleash barbaric attacks against ethnic Sinhalese by Tamil leaders and their spouses (1977), LTTE-TNA Memorandum of Understanding (2002) and TNA manifestos of 2001, 2004 and 2010 are some of the key war crimes instigation activities. These must be investigated and offenders must be punished. These political parties spreading racism and hate must be punished.                                                                                           

Riots of 1958, 1977, 1983, 1985 and 2002 must also be investigated. It is not too late to rest these cases. For instance in 2013 Bangladesh concluded an investigation into war crimes committed in 1971. Agreements with the LTTE war criminals including the 2002 Ceasefire Agreement (CFA) must also be investigated.

Tamil ethnic cleansing activities against Sinhalese in Jaffna (1977) and Muslims (1990) must also be thoroughly investigated. Sansoni Commission report must be revisited and its findings may be input to a comprehensive investigation. Continuation of colonial era divisive laws including Thesawalamei Law and their impact on national integration must be assessed. Their role in disrupting ethnic harmony in the north must also be looked into.                                      

3.4.      Investigate All Allegations against the Tamil Diaspora (“LTTE Rump”)

According to the internationally acclaimed defence journal Janes Defence, Tamil Diaspora remitted over $300 million to the LTTE in 2005 which it identified as a continuing activity. In 2006 FBI arrested 15 Tamils in Canada attempting to buy weapons. UK, Australia, France, Singapore and India also made similar arrests. As terrorist financiers, Tamil Diaspora and connected groups and persons including Adel Balasingham must be investigated. This can put the ball in the court of those alleging war crimes against Sri Lanka.                                                                                                  

3.5.      Investigate All Allegations against India, Norway and the Role of Colonial Rulers

India supplied weapons and provided training to Tamil terrorist groups to commit horrendous war crimes. Indian politicians including MGR, Rajiv Gandhi, Vaiko and others supported the LTTE. Once LTTE’s war crimes are established (as above) war crimes of these persons can be established. Indian secret service R&AW also had a hand in LTTE war crimes. They too must be investigated.

IPKF committed horrendous crimes mainly against Tamils (1987-90). They include crimes against ethnic Sinhalese, the Sri Lankan nation state and against Tamils. A book published by the Jawaharlal Nehru University on IPKF crimes and 12 massacres details some of these (In the Name of Peace: IPKF Massacres of Tamils in Sri Lanka). These also must be investigated.

Former colonial rulers displaced and caused to displace over a million Tamils from South India and also displaced hundreds of thousands of Sinhalese away from their land. Tamil migrants were used as agricultural slaves severely affecting the demographic balance within the island. These crimes must come under the microscope.

Norway, during the so called peace process, helped Tamil Terrorists and these activities must be investigated.

3.6.      Investigate All Allegations against Religious Groups and Entities and NGOs

Certain religious groups and religious leaders were in the habit of justifying and supporting separatism, violence and LTTE war crimes. These persons and institutions must be investigated. A number of NGOs were supplying material to the LTTE and were promoting LTTE violent ideology. These must be thoroughly investigated and punished.

Only such a comprehensive war crimes investigation can put the matter to permanent rest. Only such an all inclusive investigation can bury the past so that the nation can move forward. However no investigation can take place within a short time frame of three months. A comprehensive investigation takes years, close to a decade. However it must be done.

Considering all this, an independent local investigation into alleged war crimes has merit. It must be initiated without delay. It will absolve the good name of Sri Lanka for good and identify real war criminals. Unless the government concludes such a comprehensive, independent and local investigation it will be exposed to a highly biased, international war crimes investigation which will be a kangaroo court. Soldiers who served the nation with dedication will be framed with bogus allegations creating internal divisions and subversion.

4.           Political Concessions Must not be Granted to the Tamil Minority Beyond the UN Declaration of Human Rights

One main motivation for the Tamil Diaspora, Tamil Nadu politicians, local Tamil political parties and a section of the Tamil community to cling into war crimes allegations is that they can be used to extort political concessions. No political demands must be entertained in relation to war related allegations. Only a strict denial of concessions will put them off. UNHRC has no business in governance of the nation. As such there is absolutely no duty to grant power devolution, implement 13A in full, entertain Tamil aspirations, address Tamil grievances, demilitarise the north and disturb the delicate civilian-military participation in governance in the north.

The inability and unwillingness to entertain Tamil political demands must be conveyed to the UNHRC. There is no nation that is governed by the UNHRC or complies with all its recommendations.

5.           Obstacles to a Coherent Action Plan for the UNHRC

The present mess the nation is in relating to its difficult relationship with the UNHRC, India and USA can be traced to a series of blunders made since 2008, particularly in 2008 and 2009. Promises that are not meant or cannot be kept must not have been given by government officials seeking temporary relief. It was wrong to have assumed that political concessions can be traded for war crimes allegations. No undertaking should have been given to India in 2008 for the full implementation of 13A. 2009 UNHRC proposal submitted by Sri Lanka was the start of many subsequent headaches. The proposal should have been thoroughly reviewed by the political leadership and legal fraternity before submission to UNHRC. LLRC was another blunder that costed the nation dearly in terms of its credibility. LLRC made only recommendations. Only useful recommendations to the nation must be implemented; not everything. This fact must have been communicated in no uncertain terms to the UNHRC.

Behind all these blunders are a few persons with dubious credibility, lack of legal expertise, questionable national allegiance and political immaturity. They must be replaced and restricted from advising the government.

6.           Beyond UNHRC 2014

The outcome of the UNHRC 2014 session is not certain. It may opt to disregard, selectively choose or accept the proceedings of the domestic investigation which cannot conclude within a few months. UNHRC members are not judges or legal experts. However, the above approach will be useful in any further action UNHRC may take including its own investigation. A credible comprehensive domestic investigation goes a very long way in managing the UNHRC and regaining trust. It also offers options for weakening the separatist lobby of Tamil political parties as they are held accountable for their part in inciting violence and a war for a separate nation causing civilian casualties. Out of that renewed circumstances it is possible to seek a meaningful compromise.

UNHRC rotation policy may mean India and/or USA may not be members next year. However, other countries of the same cartel will be always in majority.

7.           Limitations in Propaganda Efforts

Although it is productive to take Sri Lanka’s case to the world to counter malicious propaganda of the Tamil camp, it is not very effective under today’s circumstances. It is a minimum necessity but cannot change the balance in UNHRC. Most UNHRC members blindly follow the course of action of their cartels. The most powerful western cartel is relentless and unyielding. Heightened propaganda efforts must complement a comprehensive approach to address accountability issues without compromising on national security and other national interests.

8.           Application of Legal and Constitutional Provisions Must Continue

The Constitution prohibits anti-national activities and separatism. However, under pressure from the UNHRC, law enforcement authorities take a lenient approach towards those who violate these provisions. Contrary to easing things out, leniency has fuelled more acts of separatism and treason. Law must be applied regardless of what the UNHRC or its powerful western cartel prefers.

9.           Undue Fear

At the same time fear mongering on UNHRC must also be resisted. There is very little harm the UNHRC can do without the cooperation of Lankan leaders. USA, EU or India will not impose economic sanctions against Sri Lanka as they are ineffective and counterproductive. Appeasing the UNHRC and/or Tamils in fear of its resolutions and war crimes investigations is unwise. If fear of UNHRC drives appeasing UNHRC and/or Tamils, it sets a very dangerous precedent which will be repeated every year until Tamil leadership gets what was denied to the LTTE.

10.        Divisive Reconciliation Verses National Integration

Reconciliation as it is found today is a one way street. The government of Sri Lanka and its majority Sinhala and Muslim communities continue to make compromises, allow concessions and provide appeasements for the Tamil community whereas the Tamil community has not compromised anything. The Tamil community has not reciprocated any of the goodwill and benefits showered upon it by the government. Reconciliation must be a two-way street. Tamils only seems to have rights and not responsibilities. Unless Tamils give up their exclusive homeland, demilitarisation, devolution and other demands that are of no use for other communities, it is unwise to continue along the current reconciliation path.

Instead a national integration policy must be followed towards reconciliation. Demands made under reconciliation that don’t advance national integration and social unification must not be entertained. 

Prepared by: Dilrook Kannangara

The Burning Sri Lankan National Issue? Collective Hypocrisy And A Collective Mental Illness

January 17th, 2014

Janaka Yagirala

Imagine the following experiment, you have a person with a white cube in front of him (or her). If you ask the question “Is there a black cube in front of you?”, the expected answer from a sane person with a clear conscious would be “No it is a white cube”.

Now if the person were to answer “Yes it is a black cube”, what common sense conclusions can you draw about the subject? This may seem like a trivial trick question but understanding these conclusions has huge implications in solving what we are told is he burning “National Issue” of Sri Lanka by seeking out the root cause of the problem. For the readers convenience the important conclusions and categories are numbered.

The Context, Conclusions And Categories

(1) If the person who answers “yes” happens to be a child too small to know the difference between white and black, then there is no problem. It is only a matter of teaching the child what is black and what is white. (2) Similarly if the person is not of clear consciousness, it is a matter of waiting until the person has a clear conscious to get the right answer.

If the person is an adult and of clear conscious but answers “yes” in truthfulness the person suffers from a mental illness. This can either be due to the person being mentally deficient. (3) It can also be due to the person being conditioned (i.e. brain washed) to believe that white is black.

If the person is an adult and clear of conscious but answers “yes” knowing that it isn’t true, the person is a hypocrite. Hypocrites are of two types, (4) those who seek attention (mainly dinosaur Marxists) and (5) those who have ulterior motives.

Fact and Fiction

Sri Lanka (literally) has a rock solid history based upon hard archaeological evidence. All stone inscriptions from Yapa Patuna (Jaffna) to Dewundara are in no other language but Sinhalese, except those that describe trade regulations. All Buddhist temples and religions monuments along with reservoirs mentioned in the Mahavamsa (the Great Chronicle of the Sinhalese) are tangible.

The Mahavamsa does have a few fantasies such as the union of a lion and a human giving rise to Sinhabahu and Sinha Sivali. Animal-human unions are common in ancient literature such as the union of Pasiphae and a bull giving rise to the Minotaur. In modern times these are reinterpreted into more realistic scenarios such as the lion being a member of the “Sinha” tribe instead of a real Panthera leo. Nevertheless, a few such stories cannot and will not undermine the tangible archaeological evidence that verifies the vast majority of the facts in the Mahavanmsa.

The Tamils of Tamil Nadu have their own “Tamil Sangam” which is somewhat interesting to look at. Apparently it had been forgotten for centuries until it was “rediscovered” during the nineteenth century by laborious collection of manuscripts by Arumuga Navalar, Damodaram Pillai and Swaminatha Iyer (note that both Navalar and Pillai were from Yapa Patuna!).

According to the Tamil Sangam, there were three “Sangams” which took place in ancient Tamil Nadu and Kumari Kandam (aka Lemuria), the first lasted for 4440 years with Agastya as the chairman. The second goes on for 3700 years under Tokappiyar (a disciple of Agastya) for 3700 years. The third takes place in present day Madurai, chaired by poet Nakkeerar and lasts for 1800 years. The first two take place at Thenmadurai and Kapatapuram which were located on Kumari Kandam (aka Lemuria) which sank somewhere around 16,000 BC.

There are quite a few people who link Tamil and the Tamil Sangam to extraterrestrials. For example, Alex Collier (http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WRghF1pQccA) a self claimed UFO abductee. To get an idea of Alex Collier one can view the following clip http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=m4h7hldyx3o. Apparently it was something important to the Tamil community that it made its way into the news http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=a6_5qevKDBE. An excerpt from a similar themed documentary can be found in http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PZKiCpFisoY with a modern depiction of Kumari Kandam that includes Sri Lanka! One of the main characters behind this fictitious depiction of Kumari Kandam (inclusive of Sri Lanka) was Devaneya Pavanar (1902-1981).

The existence of this alleged ancient continent has since been conclusively refuted by plate tectonics and zoogeography. The simplest argument against this is the fact that a land bridge that linked Madagascar, India, Sri Lanka and Australia would have allowed animals from all landmasses to freely roam around. Had this been the case, we would have had kangaroos hopping in Sri Lanka and elephants roaming in Australia!

In The Context Of The “National Issue”

Now its back to the Sri Lankan “National Issue”. To what category will a person who denies the Mahavamsa (with historically accurate accounts backed by tangible archaeological evidence) belong to? To what category will a person who takes something like Star Trek (pure fiction) as absolute fact belong to?

If one looks at the Sri Lankan “National Issue” through this viewpoint it is easy to see why the myth of the Tamil homeland continues to re-emerge (lets not forget that fictitious Lemuria contains all of Sri Lanka). It is also no surprise that so many turned up to give a Kollywood performance to Navi Pillay when she visited Yapa Patuna. Also it is obvious as to why none (not even one) out of the many thousands of civilians rescued from the LTTE by the security forces during the last phase of the war in April, 2009 have come forward to refute the bogus war crime allegations. It is also understandable as to why after being settled and being provided infrastructure by the government, the TNA won an overwhelming majority in the Northern Provincial election after doing absolutely nothing!

Solving The National Issue

The Sinhalese have given more privileges to the Tamil community (and Muslims as well) than they have themselves. Tamil is a (undeserved) “national language” when it should be a minority language. The Sinhalese  as the majority have to learn Tamil to secure a government job (that is thanks to the attention seeking hypocrite Marxist dinosaurs) when it should be the other way around. Tamil students have fair access to all universities in majority Sinhalese areas but Sinhalese students have negligible access to state universities in the NE. So what have we got in return? Nothing. Only a minuscule minority of the Tamil community exhibit the patriotism, the loyalty and the humanity expected of a citizen of Sri Lanka.

It isn’t possible to inject gratitude into a community the same way one would inject vitamins. Instead, what has to be done is to repeal the undeserved privileges and stamp out this collective hypocrisy and mental illness. The key is to stop the vicious indoctrination and minority seggregation. Both go hand in hand, seggregation makes people ignorant to the reality of the world around them, indoctrination can then easily fill the resulting interlectual vacuum. Those who indoctrinate are the hypocrits and they do so for their own avail.

The process of solving the national issue should start from abolishing the 13th Amendment. It will take away a lot of useless political and politically correct waste. It was also implemented without any mandate from the people and enables minorities to maintain segregation through language and political devolution. Next, the 6th Amendment should be enforced against the parasites in parliament (TNA and SLMC). Our school education system must be made exclusively Sinhalese with English as an international language (Tamils can learn Tamil as their mother tongue but all other subjects have to be in Sinhalese) and should include the tangible history of our country based upon archaeological evidence. Having only one medium will do wonders in stopping organized minority cheating during examinations.

The separate legal systems for Tamils and Muslims have to be abolished. No minority should be given any preferential treatment whatsoever. All place names in the NE have to be replaced with their original Sinhalese names not the Tamilized ones that date from the 19th century (a comprehensive list can be found at http://dh-web.org/place.names/barelist.htm).

What also need a broad alliance of patriotic forces (Buddhist clergy, farmers, professionals, expatriates, teachers, scientists, university academics, journalists etc.) to take forward the agenda to regain Sinhalese dignity (political, economic and cultural). During the war, there was a strong patriotic alliance that drove most anti-nationals and traitors to don sheep’s clothing. They are now coming out, one by one because the patriotic forces have dispersed.

Cardboard minority racists are nothing more than plain cardboard. When faced with superior force they will simply run. Bloated up Prabakaran didn’t have the guts to take a cyanide capsule himself, instead he died fleeing the battlefield trying to save his life! When pursued by the police, the effeminates who celebrated cyanide capsule day at the Jaffna University ended up fleeing to no more ironic place than the female hostel!

This Is Our Country!

Finally, it is time to call a spade a spade. A paddy field can have a few scattered sedge plants and salvinia, but that doesn’t make it a sedge or salvinia field. A paddy field is a paddy field and nothing else. Sri Lanka was built by the Sinhalese. Minorities are more than welcome to live in Sri Lanka provided that, they respect the inalienable national right of the Sinhalese and integrate into our society. They need not go far to see how the Malay people are well integrated into our society while preserving their unique language and culture. If they refuse to integrate, there is nothing holding them back, they can consider themselves free to return to their ancestral homelands (Tamil Nadu or the Middle East) and live as they please.

Dr. Veerakanthipillai Shanmugarajah’s Affidavit Description of Conditions in the Vanni Pocket in Refutation of Channel Four

January 17th, 2014

defence.lk

This item is taken from Engage Sri Lanka: Corrupted Journalism, 2013, Appendix 2, pp. 203-14. The pictorial illustrations are the Editor’s additions.

I, Dr. Veerakanthipillai Shanmugarajah, Medical Superintendent , Mullaitivu General Hospital, being a Hindu, honestly , sincerely and solemnly swear and MAKE OATH as follows:

1. I am Dr.Veerakanthipillai Shanmugarajah, presently Medical Superintendent ,Mullaitivu. I was born on 11 June 1968 and am presently 44 years old. I am a graduate of Jaffna University’s faculty of Medicine, and hold the qualification of Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery. I have had additional training in obstetrics and gynaecology and anaesthesia. I have worked as a Medical Officer at the Jaffna Teaching Hospital, the District General Hospital in Killinochi and the Mullaitivu General Hospital. I was the Medical Superintendent at Mullaitivu General Hospital and the acting Medical Superintendent in charge of the obstetrics ward at the hospital. I am married, and have three children aged 13, 10 and 4.

2. For all my career, I practised medicine in the north of Sri Lanka, and particularly in the Vanni, which is made up of Killinochi, Mullaitivu, Mannar and Vavuniya districts. This area had been caught up in a war between the government and the “Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam”‘ the LTTE. Also known as the “Tamil tigers”. While the LTTE controlled large parts of the Vanni, The Government of Sri Lanka continued to provide education, medical and other services to the population.

3. I can confirm that I have been offered the assistance of Stephen Williams, a solicitor of the Supreme court qualified to practice in England and Wales who has helped me to prepare this affidavit.

4. Between January and May 2009 my work involved a mixture of administration, emergency surgery and providing non emergency medical treatment.

5. From 2002 onwards there was a ceasefire in the Sri Lankan conflict. This ceasefire deteriorated and from 2006onwards the conflict began to intensify. From 2007 onwards the war began to affect the Vanni. Government forces gradually recovered areas previously controlled by the LTTE and much of the population of the Vanni moved into other LTTE areas. As doctors within the government medical service and in accordance with a previously agreed disaster protocol, from late 2008 onwards we moved with the population from district and general hospitals to a series of makeshift hospitals which were established in areas into which the population had been relocated

6. After the fall of Killinochi to government forces and the displacement of the civilian purposes into other LTTE-controlled areas, my colleagues and I followed the population with the medical services and established a series of hospitals, and in which I served, which were:-

1. Mullaitivu District General Hospital until 5th January 2009.
2. Vallipuram makeshift hospital from 5th January 2009 to 27th January 2009.
3. Thevipuram makeshift hospital form 28th January 2009 to 15th February 2009.
4. Mullaivaikkal West from 15th February 2009 to 3rd May 2009. There was also a small medical unit operating from Anuabapuram from15th February 20 1st March 2009
5. Vellamullivaikkal from 3rd May 2009 to 5th May 2009

7. These makeshift hospitals were usually situated within school buildings. As doctors and medical administrators we had already prepared a disaster contingency plan. The war had previously disrupted the provision of medical services and we had also had the experience of coping with the Tsunami disaster and its effects on hospitals and medical services in our area. In early 2008, we had already discussed a disaster plan with the Government Agent in Mullaitivu. Doctors and administrators had received training in disaster management from non-governmental organisations such as Oxfam and others.

8. In the medical team for which I had responsibility, we had more than ten doctors, several of whom were senior surgeons having graduated from medical school in the early 1990’s. The most junior surgeon that we had on the team had 5 years surgical experience. We also had about 15 trained theatre nurses. I am proud to say that we maintained as much of a medical and surgical presence as possible all the way through the crisis up to 14th and 15th May 2009.

9. We would receive those who had been injured into our temporary hospitals and provide them with the medical and surgical treatment as necessary. The patients would then be evacuated by the International Committee of the Red Cross. IN the earlier part of the crisis they were evacuated by road to government hospitals in Vavuniya. Toward the end of the crisis, the ICRC evacuated our patients by ships to hospitals in Trincomalee. I am proud to say that we were able to save most of the people who came into our medical centres at the time. We stopped operating on the evening of the 13th May and for 14th and 15th May we were only able to offer first-aid services. The war ended on 15th May.

10. The number of people arriving on a daily basis at our temporary medical points from January 2009 onwards fluctuated. On some days there would be no casualties, and on others one or two but this escalated and toward the end of the crisis we were receiving as many as one hundred casualties per day but the figures fluctuated with the ebb and flow of the fighting. Of these, perhaps thirty percent would be LTTE combatants, and the rest civilians.

11. Some comment has been made about the prevalence of malnutrition in the area in which I was based. I can say that I saw very few cases of malnutrition. They were too mild to moderate in nature.

12. The patients we dealt with were suffering from a variety of injuries, including close-fighting injuries such as gunshots as well as shrapnel wounds from shelling. We also dealt with a range of routine medical matters, including the delivery of babies.

13. As a matter of course we kept meticulous records of casualties and fatalities during this period. Our computerised records were lost in the last days of the fighting but I would say that there were between 500-600 deaths in March 2009 and in all about 2,500 deaths up to the end of the crisis that I was aware of.

14. During the course of the conflict I either experienced or was advised of several incidents of shells falling either in or in the immediate vicinity of our makeshift hospitals.

15. In January 2009 at Vallipuram hospital two shells landed, one outside the outpatients department, the other at the back of the hospital. I understand that 2 people were killed and 4 were injured in that attack.

16. At Puthukudiyiruppu hospital there were two occasions in which shells fell, one on the hospital building itself and one in the hospital grounds with there being 3 deaths and 10 injuries.

17. Vellamullivaikkal hospital also received incoming shell fire on one occasion which left 5 dead and 10 injured.

18. Mullaviakkal hospital received shell fire to the grounds immediately in front and behind the hospital building leaving 4 dead and 10 injured.

19. I had at various points in the conflict remonstrated with LTTE commanders about munitions being placed near to hospital buildings. Sometimes they were sensitive to the need to remove these munitions and at other times my objections were ignored. During the last two weeks of the fighting there was a breakdown in the command structure of the LTTE forces nearest to the hospital and no requests that I made to move munitions away from the hospital were listened to.

20. I was on several occasions put under pressure by the LTTE International co-ordinator to give false death and casualty figures to the International Media. On one occasion, the death toll that day had been 34 but I was instructed to tell the media that the death toll was 534. This was not true but I knew that to disobey the direction of the LTTE would result in immediate punishment. My colleague D. S refused to obey an LTTE request and that resulted in his being shackled by the ankles and placed in prison for a month.

21. As part of our disaster management plans, we had stockpiled medical supplies an drugs from 2008 onwards. In 2009 we had 30 fridges dedicated for the use of drugs. This then went down to 14 fridges as we relocated to a series of makeshift hospitals.

22. In terms of ordering medical supplies we had a medical committee which met every month to review the situation and order medical supplies. In December 2008 we received a large shipment of about 60% of the supplies requested for the next 12month period and we thereafter were supplied once every 3 months and in the later stages of the war these supplies came by ship via the ICRC. There was a problem with supply during the last 5 days of the conflict when all ship movement was disrupted.

23. We had approximately 6 generators for hospital use but by the end of the conflict we only had three that were still working. These maintained power to the temporary operating theatres, drug fridges and other essential needs. The generators were single-phase and ran a simple line. We also stockpiled fuel with which to keep our generators going. These supplies were added to when the United Nations withdrew their presence in September 2008; we received some of their fuel supplies. These supplies moved with us as we moved our medical operations to makeshift hospitals. We had named officials who were in charge of supervising medical supplies, fuel and transport. We did face attempts by criminals to steal our fuel.

24. I have seen both of the Channel 4 programmes about the last months of the war in Sri Lanka. I was surprised at the claims made in both of these programmes. I was present as a medical doctor, surgeon and administrator all the way through the events featured in the programmes, up to the final days of the conflict. I am also mentioned in the first programme, and my image features in the second.

25. I am very surprised that Channel 4 never once attempted to contact me regarding either of the programmes as I was very well placed to provide accurate and clear information about the provision of medical services within the conflict area during the latter stages of the fighting.

26. I am particularly surprised they did not attempt to contact me with regards to the claims made by Vany Kumar in the first programme. Vany Kumar and a companion were brought to the hosjpital by the LTTE on or about 21 April 2009. I asked her about her experience and she told me that she had no medical qualifications. She agreed to help to dress wounds and clean the medical areas. I do remember her watching an epidural procedure.

27. Vany Kumar states that she witnessed me amputating the leg and arm of a six year-old without anaesthesia. This is a complete fabrication and I am amazed at such a claim for several reasons. Amputations were carried out in the makeshift medical centres during this period, but they had been performed by other surgeons and doctors. I performed no amputations at all during the crisis: the last time I had performed an amputations of any sort had been in 2005. I had performed more than 1,000C-sections from 2005 until May 2009, and had been the supervisor of staff involved with more than 5,000 deliveries. I carried out a C-section as late as 12 May 2009.

28. I am also appalled at Vany Kumar’s suggestion that any major operation, especially an amputation, would have been carried out without anaesthesia. Because of our emergency disaster planning our stock of medical drugs and anaesthetics lasted us until the end of the crisis and anaesthesia was available right up until we ceased surgery on about the 13th May 2009.

29. Vany Kumar also claimed that surgery was carried out with a kitchen knife. I also find this to be a false and amazing statement. We had ample supplies of surgical instruments, and used seperate surgical blades on each patient. We had a stockpile of 5,000 surgical blades as of January 2009. We also had the full range of instruments, including bone-cutters.

30. When we moved from the district hospitals into other parts of the Vanni we took with us more than 30 truck-loads of equipment and supplies, equipment and supplies which we then moved with us as and when we set up makeshift and temporary medical centres.

31. Vany Kumar also claimed that she helped to filter blood coming out of a patient through a cloth before feeding it back into their veins. This again is totally untrue. Whilst it is true to say that we had some problems screening our blood supplies as the fighting came to an end, we never had to resort to the type of practice that Vany Kumar identifies and to my knowledge she was never involved in the transfusion of blood. Blood was collected from the local population to be used in transfusions and Vany Kumar may have seen patients who underwent operations having blood removed and reinfused into them. She was not directly involved in any of these procedures.

32. The International Committee of the Red Cross were aware of the precise location of all our makeshift and temporary hospitals. They would often be briefed in the positions to which we would be relocating. The ICRC would then log GPS co-ordinates. It was not our job as doctors to do so and we did not have the equipment with which to do so.

33. I am surprised that Channel 4 did not contact me before making the claims they then televised. I was back working in the Vanni from October 2009 onwards and would have been easily and readily contactable by telephone at any of the hospitals at which I worked. It would have been very easy to contact me by telephone.

34. Similarly, I am aware of the claims made by Gordon Weiss regarding the number of shellings hospitals in the conflict area suffered. These claims are wrong. It is also the case that at no stage did Mr. Weiss try to contact me to discuss any of the events in the Vanni that he sought to describe.

35. I have never had the opportunity of telling my story. My contact with the international media has been disappointing. They have only been interested in casualty figures and were not at all concerned about the broader history of the provision of medical services in the conflict zone towards the end of the fighting.

SWORN at Colombo Sri Lanka            Signature of Dr.V.Shanmugarajah on a

This 10th day of May 2012                Rs.25.00 postage stamp of the Democratic

Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka

Before me

Signature of

K.Upendra Gunesekera

Justice of the Peace

Attorney-At -Law

135/1/3, Gunasinghapura Office Complex

St. Sabastian Street,

Hulftdorph,

Colombo 12.

UK war crimes under spotlight ahead of Geneva session 2014

January 17th, 2014

By Shamindra Ferdinando January 14, 2014, 12:00 pm  -Courtesy Island

A prominent British law firm, Public Interest Lawyers (PIL) and the European Centre for Constitutional and Human Rights (ECCHR) on Friday (January 10) lodged an unprecedented formal complaint with the Office of the Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC) in The Hague. It dealt extensively with atrocities committed by British forces between 2003 and 2008 in Iraq. Alleging that the UK had failed to investigate and prosecute high ranking civilian and military leaders responsible for the situation in Iraq, the two NGOs pushed for an ICC investigation.

Although the ICC declined to open a formal investigation into UK military action in 2006 new evidence is likely to compel the ICC to review its position.

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Having visited Jaffna on the opening day of the Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting (CHOGM) in Colombo in November, British Premier David Cameron warned Sri Lanka to address accountability issues or face the consequences. Cameron set March, 2014 as the deadline much to the delight of Tamil Diaspora. Cameron (second from left) is pictured in Jaffna with Tamil National Alliance leader R. Sampanthan, Northern Province Chief Minister Wigneswaran and TNA National List MP M.A. Sumanthiran.

The UK ratified the Rome Statute for the ICC on Oct 4, 2001, though the US refused to accept the ICC.

Among those who had been named in a 250-page report handed over to the ICC were head of the British Army, General Sir Peter Wall, former defence secretary Geoff Hoon and former defence minister, Adam Ingram.

The report couldn’t have come at worse time for the newly elected member of the Geneva-based United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC).

UK ultimatum to GoSL

With British Premier David Cameron threatening to haul Sri Lanka up before an international war crimes tribunal unless President Mahinda Rajapaksa addressed accountability issues before next Geneva session in March 2014, it would be pertinent to examine the failure on the part of successive British governments to investigate crimes committed by British forces deployed in Iraq. The British ultimatum was given in Colombo on the sidelines of the Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting (CHOGM) in November, 2013. Premier Cameron insisted that Sri Lanka would have to face the consequences, in spite it being at the helm of the Commonwealth, unless it addressed accountability issues.

The dossier submitted by PIL and ECCHR would have definitely embarrassed the British coalition government comprising the Conservatives and Liberal Democrats as it spearheads a major diplomatic initiative targeting Sri Lanka in the run-up to the next Geneva session. The Opposition Labour party cannot remain silent on the report as it was the then Labour Premier Tony Blair who joined the invasion in spite of the European Union strongly opposing military action. As the Labour party too, advocates an international war crimes probe targeting Sri Lanka, its response will be of interest to Sri Lanka. But the reaction of the coalition partner Liberal Democrat Party will be of pivotal importance, especially in the wake of speculation that a second coalition between the Conservatives and Liberal Democrats is unlikely. The UK will go for parliamentary polls next year. The war crimes report is likely to widen differences between the two halves of the British coalition.

UK rift widens

The Liberal Democrats reaction will have to be examined in the backdrop of a devastating statement made by LibDem leader Nick Clegg on July 2010 that the March 2003 invasion of Iraq was illegal. The Deputy PM questioned the government’s position concerning the legality of the Iraq war when at the end of heated exchange with Jack Straw, foreign secretary at the time of the invasion, Clegg said: “We may have to wait for his memoirs, but perhaps one day he will account for his role in the most disastrous decision of all: the illegal invasion of Iraq.”

The Deputy PM made the controversial statement while standing at the government dispatch box in the Commons. He was responding to questions on behalf of Premier Cameron. Within 24 hours Clegg was compelled to claim that he was speaking in a personal capacity,

The British media quoted Philippe Sands, professor of law at University College London, as having said: “A public statement by a government minister in parliament as to the legal situation would be a statement that an international court would be interested in, in forming a view as to whether or not the war was lawful.”

Can those pushing for a war crimes probe targeting Sri Lanka on the basis of unsubstantiated allegations propagated by UK media outfits, Channel 4 News and Channel 4 ignore the report now with the ICC?

British Foreign Secretary William Hague declared that the British armed forces uphold high standards and they were the finest armed forces in the world.

Hague insisted that there was no necessity for the ICC to probe British troops abusing and killing detainees in Iraqis in their custody. The Conservative MP was responding to allegations made by PIL and ECCHR.

Iraqi prisoners expose UK

Having closely examined the cases of over 400 Iraqis, the two NGOs pointed out that they represent “thousands of allegations of mistreatment amounting to war crimes of torture or cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment.” They described incidents ranging from “hooding” prisoners to burning, electric shocks, threats to kill and “cultural and religious humiliation.”

Other forms of alleged abuses included sexual assault, mock executions, and threats of rape, death and torture.

Hague, during his visit to Colombo last November for the CHOGM demanded that Sri Lanka should investigate  all human rights abuses, including the allegations of acts of sexual violence committed during and after the conflict.

The two NGOs called for an investigation into the alleged war crimes under Article 15 of the Rome statute.

The report said: “those who bear the greatest responsibility” for alleged war crimes “include individuals at the highest levels” of the British Army and political system.

UK military commanders “knew or should have known” that forces under their control “were committing or about to commit war crimes.”

It pointed out: “civilian superiors knew or consciously disregarded information at their disposal, which clearly indicated that UK services personnel were committing war crimes in Iraq.”

For those who expect the UK to take punitive action against Sri Lanka over accountability issues, the report on UK military abuses in UK must have come as quite a shock. Much to their dismay, PIL and ECCHR made their move before the release of the much delayed Chilcot report on the Iraq war. The UK’s ultimatum to Sri Lanka should be examined in the background of that country launching the Iraq probe in July 2009, six years after the invasion. Sir John Chilcot is yet to reach an understanding with Cameron’s government’s regarding material it could reveal, particularly pertaining to discussions between the UK and the US leading to the invasion. Therefore, the release of the Chilcot report is likely to be further delayed, at least until the conclusion of the forthcoming Geneva session.

Geneva counter attack

Sri Lanka shouldn’t hesitate to raise British human rights violations at the next Geneva session. In fact, the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Navi Pillay cannot turn a blind eye to allegations made against a member of the UNHRC comprising 47 countries divided into five zones. It would be interesting to know the reactions of UNHRC members such as India and the United States as both countries backed the last US resolution against Sri Lanka. India voted for the resolution as a member of the UNHRC, whereas the UK co-sponsored the resolution.

The reactions of Amnesty International, Human Rights Watch as well as the International Crisis Group to UK war crimes will be relevant as they had been pushing for an external investigation into accountability issues in Sri Lanka. All three groups declined to appear before the Lessons Learnt and Reconciliation Commission (LLRC) claiming it lacked credibility. The Sri Lankan government should closely study the Iraq case. It should be a priority. The Iraq case presents an excellent opportunity to highlight the double standards adopted by those threatening to haul Sri Lanka up before an international war crimes tribunal on the basis that the local process lacked credibility. Addressing the media in Colombo on the sidelines of CHOGM 2013, British Premier Cameron praised the Channel 4 News and Channel 4 for exposing war crimes in Sri Lanka. UK based Suren Surendiran on behalf of the Global Tamil Forum (GTF) heaped praise on the British media outfits for taking on the Sri Lankan government. The UK documentaries had been shown to a variety of audiences in accordance with the GTF plan to justify its call for an international war crimes tribunal.

At Lanka’s expense

Like the previous administration, Premier Cemeron continued to play politics with the Sri Lankan issue for political advantage. Cameron invited a delegation comprising GTF, British Tamil Forum (BTF) and Tamils against Genocide (TAG) for a meeting at No 10 Downing Street before he left for CHOGM 2013 via New Delhi. PM Cameron, Foreign Secretary Hague and the Minister of State at the Foreign and Commonwealth Office (FCO) Hugo Swire used the Colombo gathering to lambast Sri Lanka over accountability issues. Interestingly, Swire met senior representatives of Amnesty International and Human Rights Watch last Thursday in London where he reiterated the UK’s commitment to ensure Sri Lanka addressed accountability issues. The meeting took place 24 hours before PIL and ECCHR handed over their findings on British atrocities in Iraq. It was minister Swire who lambasted Sri Lanka at the final session of the Commonwealth People’s Forum (CPF) held at Chaaya Tranz, Hikkaduwa last November. Addressing the gathering on the invitation of the Commonwealth after Sri Lanka opposed a move to bring in Canadian MP Deepak Obhrai, Parliamentary Secretary to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Human Rights, Swire reiterated allegations of human rights violations and abuses during the war as well as during the post-war period, while blaming the government for its failure to implement the recommendations made by the Lessons Learnt and Reconciliation Commission (LLRC).

The UK based Diaspora had cleverly manipulated the Conservatives, Labour as well as Liberal Democrats to their advantage. Fearing Tamil voters could deprive them of several crucial electorates, some UK politicians had gone out of their way to appease the Tamil community. In fact, former Labour minister Joan Ryan had ended up as a GTF policy advisor. With the British general election next year, the Geneva sessions in 2014 are expected to become platforms for British attacks on Sri Lanka. Although Canada is not a member of the UNHRC, all major Canadian political parties are expected to send senior representatives for ‘side events’ in Geneva coming March. It would be important to realise that the British had been far more hostile towards Sri Lanka than the US, though the latter moved a resolution targeting Sri Lanka at the last Geneva sessions. Although a reluctant India too, had to throw its weight behind the US-led resolution, the British fired the first salvo targeting Sri Lanka at the Geneva session. The British statement went to the extent of calling for a regime change in Sri Lanka. On behalf of the Conservatives-led UK coalition, the Foreign Office Minister responsible for the human rights portfolio, Jeremy Browne, called for UN intervention in Sri Lanka to ‘SUPPORT CHANGE’ in Sri Lanka. Browne said: “We, as UN member states, must take our human rights obligations seriously, and where states fail, the institutions of the UN should act and support change. Such actions are what makes the council an effective human rights body, able to scrutinise states’ compliance with their obligations and offer technical assistance,” ( UK for IN intervention to ‘support change” in SL with strap line UNHRC chief pushes for new mechanism to tackle uncooperative governments-The Island of Feb 28, 2012).

To be continued on

 

The kind-hearted Karu Jayasuriya of UNP team

January 16th, 2014

C. Wijeyawickrema

  Karu Jayasuriya (KJ) says it was not fair to attack the Christian evangelical church at Hikkaduwa. He talks about pluralism and freedom, just like MahindaR talks about multi-faith and multi-cultural.  Nobody approves violence, but if both UNP and SLFP live on violence indirectly, then how can they talk about non-violence? Of all the people, it was KJ who supported the GOSL efforts to end Prabhakaran. Unlike the other UNP goats, KJ therefore has a sympathetic eye from the Sinhala Buddhists of Sri Lanka.  But issuing statements on behalf of the demolished church without also talking about the root cause for such violence puts KJ an opportunist thinking of the Christian votes at the next election. What did fake SB UNP politicians do to control unethical conversions? Giving John Amaratunga the police which in turn used by evangelical rouge priests.

            In 1971, JVP introduced violence and blood to Sri Lankan politics and ever since it had become a nasty and brutal game. It was JRJ who told people to protect themselves and now in 2014, when we visit Sri Lanka from outside we see the law of the jungle is so widespread and a norm of the everyday life. KJ, just get out of your car for fun and take a bus ride in disguise to see the real world in Sri Lanka. You will at least secretly admire Bodu Bala Sena, if you see what is going on. Like in the past before or after 1948, you all are interconnected by marriage contracts and play fool with people asking vote for UNP or SLFP.

            Why I am even bothered to write this short note is that rather than reacting to this incident or that incident thinking that you the UNP team can gain this vote or that vote, present to the country why and how you, KJ,  can be a different kind of animal. The country is in a mess because of what JRJ, RP, RW, CBK (and now MR) did to the country. Think of Dengue, why is that the country cannot get rid of it.  Think of Kidney disease. What can you do as the UNP team. Think of education, university education, Halal issue, Saudi Arab religious university, kudu business, ethanol, road deaths, Boru police, crime, corruption etc. What is that you, KJ can do? Perhaps, prepare a Karu Chinathayak.

            Why do you think people are attacking these churches? Because people like you both UNP and SLFP did not do anything to prevent illegal and unethical conversions. Did you know that when Christian priests went on customer-hunting in the late 1800s and early to mid-1900s, they spent the night in remote village temples such as in Baddegama as the night guest of the temple monks?  The monk even cooked dinner for these conversion guys, even though monks themselves did not eat dinner other than drinking water.

            The SB’s have now become like the proverbial kind hearted woman. What is happening now is not religious freedom. This is new colonialism coming as converting people into brainless sheep.  This is all dollar-based NGO work to make Sri Lanka another South Korea or a Philippine island. Have you ever thought for a moment that when one is converted to Christianity that person’s power of critical thinking is erased or removed?  It is no longer a case of “Come and examine, but come and believe.”  See what had happened to Neville Jayaweera, Lalith Kotalawala, MG Mendis or Mrs. Premadasa and her daughter?  This is the main reason why these unethical conversions must be stopped by law. It does not matter if adults, parents, become Christian to get a job or a box of milk or cake. But when they do that their younger children also get under the Church control. These children will never get a chance to critically analyze what religion is reasonable, rational or not, because that power is robbed from them when they were children, growing up with the bribed parents. It is an R2P issue.

            So when rulers are unjust, stupid and the alternative or ex-rulers are also unjust, stupid and waiting for the next incident to use it as a vote catching item, no wonder people throw rocks at evangelical buildings. When law becomes a joke or when people in the UNP and SLFP make law a joke do not expect people to take law seriously. I hope you, KJ, gets a chance to read this.

Return of coconut oil for cooking and for many other things.

January 16th, 2014

Dr Hector Perera       London

Coconut oil is used extensively in tropical countries especially in, Sri Lanka, India, Thailand and Philippines etc, which have a good production of coconut oil. At one time, the oil was also popular in western countries like the United States and Canada, but there was a strong propaganda campaign in the 1970s spread by the corn oil and soy oil industry against coconut oil. Coconut oil was considered harmful for the human body due to its high saturated fat content until the last decade (2000s) when people began to question the claims of the propaganda. Next, let’s look into some more details of how coconut oil works in our body.

How is Lauric acid used by our body?

The human body converts lauric acid into monolaurin, which is supposedly helpful in dealing with viruses and bacteria that cause diseases such as herpes, influenza, cytomegalovirus, and even HIV. Cytomegalovirus is human-to-human transmissible through close bodily contact (coughs and sneezes are also possible routes).  Lauric acid also helps in fighting harmful bacteria such as listeria monocytogenes and helicobacter pylori, and harmful protozoa such as giardia lamblia.

Composition of Coconut Oil:

More than ninety percent of coconut oil consists of saturated fats. Virgin coconut oil is no different from this. Actually in coconut oil, most of the saturated fatty acids are medium chain triglycerides MCT, saturated fatty acids which are supposed to assimilate well in the body’s systems. Lauric acid is the chief contributor, representing more than forty percent of the total, followed by capric acid, caprylic acid, myristic acid and palmitic.

Poly-phenols: Coconut contains Gallic acid, which is also known as phenolic acid. These polyphenols are responsible for the fragrance and the taste of coconut oil and Virgin Coconut Oil is rich in these polyphenols. The name polyphenolic means it has an aromatic benzene ring structure then there are three OH groups attached to this six sided aromatic ring then at one point of the ring there is a COOH or an acid group. This benzene ring structure is quite common to A2AS level students so even they can understand my simple explanation. Gallic acid is a trihydroxybenzoic acid, a type of phenolic acid, a type of organic acid, also known as 3,4,5-trihydroxybenzoic acid, found in gallnuts, sumac, witch hazel, tea leaves, oak bark, and other plants. So if you drink tea that means you drink this acid, see what I mean?

Heart diseases

There is a misconception spread among many people that coconut oil is not good for heart health. This is because it contains a large quantity of saturated fats. In reality, coconut oil is beneficial for the heart. It contains about 50% lauric acid, which helps in actively preventing various heart problems like high cholesterol levels and high blood pressure. The saturated fats present in coconut oil are not harmful as you commonly find in vegetable oils. Coconut oil does not lead to increase in LDL levels [low density lipoproteins], and it reduces the incidence of injury and damage to arteries and therefore helps in preventing atherosclerosis.

 Peripheral arterial disease, also known as peripheral vascular disease, is a condition that occurs when there is a blockage in the arteries of your limbs (in most cases, your legs).

The most common symptom of peripheral arterial disease is pain in your legs. This is usually in one or both of your thighs, hips, or calves. The pain can feel like a cramp, or a sensation of dullness or heaviness in the muscles of your legs. The pain usually comes and goes and is worse when doing exercise that uses your legs, such as walking or climbing stairs. Still you need medical advice to find out if you have atherosclerosis but a simple cramp may not be the reason. It may be you watch too much TV by sitting comfortably so don’t be “couch potatoes”, try not to sit down too long at one place.

 Coconut oil, contrary to much hubbub, is good for your heart. It keeps our blood platelets from sticking together (and causing dangerous clots). Regular users of coconut oils have a much lower chance of atherosclerosis (clogging of the arteries), arteriosclerosis (hardening of the arteries), and strokes. Coconut oil can lower your blood pressure but watch out, try not to over use.

Immunity

Coconut oil is also good for the immune system. It strengthens the immune system because it contains antimicrobial lipids, lauric acid, capric acid and caprylic acid which have antifungal, antibacterial and antiviral properties. The human body converts lauric acid into monolaurin which research has supported as an effective way to deal with viruses and bacteria that cause diseases like herpes, influenza, cytomegalovirus, and even HIV. Coconut oil helps in fighting harmful bacteria like listeria monocytogenes and helicobacter pylori, and harmful protozoa such as giardia lamblia.

Digestion

Internal functions of coconut oil occur primarily due to it being used as cooking oil. Coconut oil helps to improve the digestive system and thus prevents various stomach and digestion-related problems including Irritable Bowel Syndrome. The saturated fats present in coconut oil have antimicrobial properties and help in dealing with various bacteria, fungi, and parasites that can cause indigestion. Coconut oil also helps in the absorption of other nutrients such as vitamins, minerals and amino acids.

Saturated Fat ” Animal Vs. Coconut

Coconut oil was once believed to cause rapid weight gain if consumed on a regular basis, but as it turns out the opposite it true. The reason for this, and the difference between saturated fat from animal sources, is down to the length of the fatty acids found in coconut oil.

Coconut oil contains medium chain fatty acids, or medium chain triglycerides also known as MCT. MCT are different from the commonly used long chain triglycerides or LCT, found in animal saturated fat sources. LCT are typically stored in the body as fat, while MCT’s are quickly digested and used for energy, and are not readily converted to stored fat.

Evidence of MCTs effects can be seen in tropical cultures like the Sri Lankans and Philippines where the people’s traditional diet is very high in saturated fat from coconut and yet these people are slim, healthy and obesity and heart disease is virtually unheard of.

 Some food based on coconut cream and oil 

I know for a fact that they eat a variety of things made out of coconut based things from breakfast to lunch to supper then in between as well. In the morning some people eat coconut sambol, coconut gravy and string hoppers or fish curry made out of freshly made creamed coconut. I am not giving the whole list of things made there such as “Pittu” and roti which are very delicious with coconut cream and red chilli paste or with red coconut sambol. In their lunch most curries are made out of fresh coconut cream then not forgetting the supper as well. Sometimes they fry sprats, sardines and papadams in coconut oil. Even in Sri Lanka the reputed super markets such as in Cargills, Keels and Arpico, there are bottled “Seeni sambol”, fried fish that are made out of onions, red chillies, Maldive fish and fried in coconut oil. The list is too long to mention here the things they make out of coconut oil. If one argues that coconut oil affects the health of general public then these things must have been banned by the health authorities a long time ago. These bottled delicacies are not just limited to Sri Lanka but they are found in top grade super markets even in England so the health authorities in England should have noticed. The point is any food in excess is not healthy but consumption in moderation is acceptable.

They found out that MCT able to stimulate the metabolism, of which the highest concentration is found in coconut oil. Interestingly, many of those who have moved to cites and adopted western eating habits in place of their own traditional diet have fallen victim to the same health problems we are familiar within our society.

The Return Of Coconut Oil.

Thankfully coconut oil has been an enjoyable comeback recently, steadily gaining recognition as a healthy and nutritious fat, far superior to the damaged fats and oils that have been dominating the market.

Coconut Oil and Cooking

When vegetable oils are heated to high heats for cooking purposes they become damaged, which is bad for our health. Saturated fat like coconut oil tolerates heat much better as it has a higher melting point. Saturated fat is solid at room temperature whereas vegetable oils are already liquid at room temperature. I sometimes use coconut oil for cooking, in place of butter or lard [pig fat].

Also don’t heat olive oil. Olive oil is an excellent, healthy oil but should not be heated at high temperatures as it will quickly become damaged. Save it for salads instead and stick with coconut oil for any cooking need. Coconut oil, contrary to many arguments against, is good for your heart. It keeps our blood platelets from sticking together (and causing dangerous clots). Regular users of coconut oils have a much lower chance of atherosclerosis (clogging of the arteries), arteriosclerosis (hardening of the arteries), and strokes. Coconut oil can lower your blood pressure. Only for certain age range people, the medical advice is to check their blood cholesterol levels and blood pressure at least twice an year, for their own benefit. Some people are too busy so perhaps they have post-phoned it, who knows? Your comments are welcomed perera6@hotmail.co.uk

Northern Episcopal vengeance

January 16th, 2014

Durand Appuhamy Negombo Courtesy Island

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It has been alleged that two northern Catholic bishops, Drs. Rayappu Joseph and Thomas Saundranayagam, have accused our security forces as having used cluster bombs and chemical weapons during the last phase of eelam war 1V.

As for cluster bombs, The Island newspaper of the 11th Jan revealed to us that it was the US Pacific Command that urged our Air force to acquire Cluster bombs for “unarmoured area targets” in 2002. The government, however, refrained from acquiring any cluster bombs. If it had acquired them, the ever-so inimical US would have by now revealed details of this transaction. Further all mine clearing units to date have not reported the discovery of any cluster bombs. Alan Poston was a supervisor of mine clearing operation in the north. He was originally the source of a rumour that a cluster bomb was found by the mine clearers. When confronted he denied the rumour and also averred that he had not made any such statements on this issue.

The use of chemical weapons is another big canard. If this had happened, there would usually be some surviving victims with dire breathing difficulties and burnt injuries. Those patients would seek medical relief. In the east medication was supplied in Pulmoddai under the supervision of ICRC where Indian military/medical personnel treated the wounded. Those doctors would surely have diagnosed chemical poisoning and would have reported it to the ICRC. No such reports have been unearthed to date. Further the Tamil doctor Shanmugarajah was one who moved with the forced migration of LTTE’s human shield from place to place and erected many makeshift hospitals and provided emergency surgery and emergency medical treatment. In a recent detail statement of his work in a Sunday newspaper he did not make any reference to any patients with injuries from chemical attacks. Thus the conclusion is that the bishops were engaged in vile and vicious propaganda to discredit the country and its security forces in the eyes of their gullible clients.

According to the recently published electoral register of the Northern Provincial council, the number of voters for Vavuniya was 94,367, for Mannar 72,420, for Killinochchi 68,589 and for Mullaithivu 52,407 and for Jaffna 426,703. The above figures prove the absurdity of the bishops’ allegation that our army killed 140,000 civilians. Can you even imagine how a population far larger than the population of Vavuniya was decimated by the army? Where is the gas chamber that incinerated them? Where is the burial ground of those imaginary victims? Could an army engaged in a non-stop mortal combat risking life and limb, be in a position and have the time to divert soldiers to this ghastly job of killing civilians?

So what motivates these bishops to malign our country? I can only speculate. I think it is simply revenge. They find it difficult to accept the military defeat of the LTTE.

This, in my view, is thoroughly scandalous and unacceptable, even though they would argue that they are seeking justice for the victims. Even in this case where is the justice for the victims exhumed in Mannar in the neighbourhood of Bishop’s house? Where is the justice for the victims in the plane shot down in the Mannar Sea? I am not surprised that Cardinal Malcolm Ranjith had rightly disowned the slanderous accusations of the two anti-Sri Lankan bishops. They are still in the era of the Hebrew Bible which advocated “an eye for an eye!”


Durand Appuhamy
Negombo

Stephen J.Rapp do you know WIN and Gallup International say, today US represents the largest threat to world peace ?

January 15th, 2014

By Charles.S.Perera

 “In their annual End of Year poll, researchers for WIN and Gallup International surveyed more than 66,000 people across 65 nations and found that 24 percent of all respondents answered that the United States “is the greatest threat to peace in the world today.” Pakistan and China fell significantly behind the United States on the poll, with 8 and 6 percent, respectively. Afghanistan, Iran, Israel and North Korea all tied for fourth place with 4 percent.”

 There is proof of this in Sri Lanka -a country seeking a peaceful existence, where Stephen J. Rapp US Ambassador for Global Criminal Justice, who  had come with a pre-conceived Agenda to accuse Sri Lanka for human rights violations.  He had met  a political party TNA, which still promotes the ideals of the former  Tamil terrorists’ demand for a separate Tamil State.  They  had taken him to St.Anthany’s ground at Iranapallai where Stephen J.Rapp had taken a photo and sent it over the twitter with the comment that ” the Sri Lanka Army shelling had killed hundreds of families at St Anthany’s Ground.” (where he was standing).

 This Stephen J.Rapp has stated without any attempt at  verify the truth of the statement,  just taking what some one had stated as the truth beyond any reasonable doubt. It is strange coming from a US Attorney and a one time  Chief of Prosecution of ICTR. This is not surprising as all allegations the USA State Department make against Sri Lanka are based on the exaggerated lies of the Tamils for Obama and the rest of the pro-terrorist Tamil expatriates.

 It is unfortunate that these investigators from USA come with minds  which have already accepted that Sri Lanka is  guilty of the offences they are coming to investigate. It is unfortunate, because with that mind set they will  accept all they are shown and  every thing they are told as correct evidence of  violation of human rights committed by the Government of Sri Lanka and its Armed forces.

 The Americans seem to ask correct questions to inculpate  Sri Lanka , but never pose those same questions to themselves. America cannot have solutions for internal problems of other Nations, other than opinionated  suggestions, but they may have solutions to solve their own problems which they have not solved.  

 They remind me of Angels that came to Sodom and Gomorrah and set fire to the cities for crimes the  Angels thought the people had committed. ” For we will destroy this place, because the cry  of them is waxen great before the face of the Lord; and the Lord hath sent us to destroy it.” (Genesis 19.13)

 This American emissary who is a senior citizen and an Attorney  with the impressive title “Ambassador ”at-large, Office of Global Justice ” should be cautious in accusing others without ascertaining the verifiable  truth of the evidence.  The American legal procedures however are not exemplary. 

 It was evident even in the recent case of the Indian woman diplomat who was handcuffed ,taken to the police station, denuded, and subjected  to a complete body check including intimate parts of her body which had no relevance to the charges on which she was arrested.  Even when the former Managing Director of the IMF was arrested they treated him like a criminal allowing him to be photographed with handcuffs on, with out any respect to the man whose culpability was still to be proved.

 The Ambassador-at-Large had questioned the Defence Secretary why the LTTE combatants were not prosecuted instead of rehabilitating.  It was in fact a praiseworthy example of  Sri Lanka’s attempt to bring back its own misled youth into the society after rehabilitating them to  make them responsible citizens.

 A person may  have been a criminal but  if he regrets his errors, shows willingness to refrain from such criminality, he should be  treated with appropriate leniency.  That is in fact a Buddhist way of looking at it. Angulimala was a  criminal.  The Buddha subdued him and admitted him  to his  order of Monks.  These are aspects of Sri Lankan culture that foreign Christians will not understand.

 USA and its Ambassador”at-Large Stephen J.Rapp cannot understand this, as the terrorists  they have been fighting against were not Americans, but those they searched in Iraq and Afghanistan.  Those terrorists the Americans could not have  rehabilitated and make of them responsible citizens.  They were either murdered in cold blood, or tortured in prisons like those in Abu Ghraib, or Guantanamo Bay detention Camps. 

 The terrorists in Sri Lanka were its own Sri Lankan youth who had been mislead  and trained by India as terrorists.   Therefore there was no question of the captured Tamil  terrorist combatants  taken to justice and imprisoned , or murdered in cold blood, but instead they were rehabilitated and released into the civil society, with a “re-educated” mentality.

 This belies the UK Channel 4 video  documentaries which showed persons dressed like soldiers pointing guns at terrorist like men seated on the ground, to prove that the Sri Lanka Armed Forces tortured and killed terrorists.

 It is perhaps important that the Americans and others who accuse Sri Lanka Armed Forces for violation of human rights and war crimes know, that the Soldiers of the Sri Lanka Armed Forces are predominantly Buddhists.  Buddhism is a human related pragmatic  philosophy, where there is an acceptance of all beings as equal. A Buddhist learns from very young age  to extend loving kindness, and compassion to all beings. 

 Therefore even if a Sinhala Buddhist Soldiers would kill their enemies they will never harm any one who is innocent and not offensive.  This should enables those who reflect intelligently on  matters to understand that  the soldiers of the Sri Lanka  Armed Forces  are the last who could be  accused for deliberately shooting to kill Tamil civilians or torture them. 

 The Catholics do not have such a refined philosophy to understand the mentality of a Buddhist Soldier. The Catholic or  Christian religion is in the belief of  a creator god beyond human reach.

 Therefore the Mannar Bishop Rayappu Joseph, Father Emmanuel of the  Global Tamil Forum or any other Catholic giving evidence against Buddhist Soldiers are doing so fundamentally because of their bias towards Buddhism. 

 Even the Tamils who are Hindus believes in a creator God as the Catholics, and do not understand the subtlety of the mind of a Sinhala Buddhist soldier against killing an innocent Tamil civilian who is not his enemy.

 Taking into account that cultural difference the foreign investigators should understand why  rehabilitation of the captured terrorist combatants  is  important in the reconciliation process while allowing  the  terrorists combatants still in their youth to regret their past and  revert to society as useful members. 

 It was a unique opportunity to show the Tamils  that the Government Armed Forces did not fight against the Tamils as such but against the terrorists. Once the terrorism had been eliminated, the Government of Sri Lanka was not proceeding to take revenge from those who were forced by the terrorists to fight alongside them; but instead make of them good citizens of Sri Lanka.

 The Ambassador Stephen J.Rapp  had in fact  met the Northern Provincial Councillor Anandi Sasitharan a wife of a terrorists combatant, who had according to reports made presentations to him on the situation of Tamil women in the North.  Ambassador Rapp could have if he used his intelligence before posing the question as to why the terrorists combatants were not  prosecuted,  understood how Sri Lanka had made a wife of a former terrorist an acceptable Councillor of a Provincial Council. 

 Anandi Sasitharan was a part of the terrorist apparatus being married to a terrorist,   who had not been rehabilitated  after capture and her present behaviour  shows an unchanged biased mentality towards the Armed Forces that killed her husband, which explains why her evidence may  have been coloured by her separatist terrorist tendencies.  Therefore, Ambassador Rapp should reconsider what ever evidence she had given in the light of what she had been.

 The rehabilitation of terrorist combatants  is a unique  Sri Lankan  experience  showing  compassion towards fellow beings, and a means to reconcile the Tamil Community with the Sinhala Community.  Of the 12000 terrorists combatants captured by the Armed Forces 11000 had been rehabilitated and reintegrated into the civil society.  Some of them have sat for examinations and entered the Universities, others have found employment, some have joined the military or police forces, while some  have married and settled down.

 What would have been their future if they were prosecuted and put into prisons ?

 It was the same as making the Soldiers of the Sri Lanka Armed Forces who fought the terrorists, a civilian security force to protect the country and the people, reverted to civilian work of utility while being in the uniform of the Armed Forces , yet be in readiness against possible resurrection of terrorism

 The US Armed Forces and its allies have provided arms and ammunition,  and sent military instructors to train Libyan dissidents in Bengazi and elsewhere, and also to the rebels in Syria.  Is not  this arming and training of so called rebels who are in reality terrorists who had  taken arms against the government in power illegal and criminal ? 

 In that situation Sri Lanka government would  have “forced” a dialog with the rebels, and make them see reason and arranged them a meeting with the authorities to settle the problems regarding  which they rebelled.  It is not too late for the USA and its allies to do even at this late stage.

 When Stephen Rapp the US Ambassador-at- Large  asks the Government of Sri Lanka why were the captured terrorist combatant rehabilitated instead of having them prosecuted , he is contradictory, as while asking Sri Lanka to prosecute the captured terrorists, USA is arming the terrorists against the regimes in power.

 Should not USA and its allies  on this account be a subject of a resolution of accountability at the next session of the UNHRCouncil in Geneva ?

If Sri Lanka has violated human rights or committed war crimes to whom is Sri Lanka liable to answer for those supposed  acts ?  Is it to US Ambassador-at-Large of  Global Justice, US Congressional Committee, UNO, or UNHRC. 

There are far  too many busy bodies coming to Sri Lanka to inquire into what happened five years ago when Sri Lanka eliminated a ruthless group of terrorists, while 140 million people have been killed  and more are continuing to be killed in Syria, and  there is utter chaos and lawlessness in Libya with even the Prime Minister being kidnapped, by  armed  Libyans tribal groups.

“I’m not saying that Libya needs a new dictator at all, I’d like to see more democracy in Libya but the responsibility for this chaos must lie with the Western powers who toppled Gaddafi without really having a firm plan on what was going to happen afterwards. We have seen this in every country that the West has intervened to topple the government. We have seen this in Iraq ” 6,000 people alone killed this year in Iraq. We have seen it in Afghanistan with the ongoing war there and we had over 100,000 people killed in Syria in the last two years. That was due to a different type of Western intervention by packing proxy militia who is trying to topple the government there. The chaos and the lawlessness in Libya and the prime responsibility must lie with the NATO powers who helping toppling Gaddafi in 2011. ”  Says Neil Clerk of RT Question More (http://rt.com/op-edge/libya-chaos-after-gaddafi-013/)

Is it not more appropriate that USA sends its Ambassador-at-Large Stephen J.Rapp to Syria and Libya to find out what USA could do to stop this massacres without resorting to annihilate the Syrian people and property by using NATO Forces to bomb ? 

There is more work in Syria and Libya for the Ambassador Stephen J.Rapp to do,  than in Sri Lanka ?

If the USA may have the right to ask question as to whether Sri Lanka Armed Forces committed violation of human rights and war crimes in the elimination of terrorists, it may seem for others that it is  not correct for Sri Lanka to point its finger  and say you also have  violated human rights and committed war crimes. 

But Sri Lanka nevertheless has the right to know whether USA posing questions is without blame on that score. Because the names of the  countries where violation of human rights  and war crimes  have been committed by the USA Armed Forces are written in too large red letters one cannot miss to see-Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Vietnam, Libya, Iraq, Afghanistan , Pakistan…….list is long.

In the light of that “war crimes” back ground of USA,  may I ask the Ambassador-at-Large of Global Criminal Justice,  what is the necessity for the USA State Department to spend money and waste the time of a very important Ambassador of Global Criminal Justice Stephen J.Rapp, to be sent to Sri Lanka to collect evidence to prepare another resolution against Sri Lanka for violation of Human Rights and war crimes?

These  Accusations,  the Ambassador Rapp as an Attorney  should know are absolutely false if there are no verifiable eyewitness accounts.

Ambassador Mr. Stephen J.Rapp,  the people who  took you to meet  those who  they said  have evidence of acts of  violation of human rights and war crimes committed by the Sri Lanka Armed Forces during the period of terrorism,  may not have even been allowed  by  terrorists to enter any where near St.Anthany’s Ground,  and during the military operations they may have been  driven like cattle by the terrorists keeping them- the civilian Tamils as their human shields. 

Under the circumstances what is the guarantee you have, that they are telling you the truth, and the absolute truth, and how in the world are you going to verify the truth of their statements ?

It is high time that the USA State Department  should reconsider  whether they have the moral right  to keep on moving resolutions year end and year out against  Sri Lanka on the question of  accountability in respect of violation of human right or war crimes against civilians in course of the elimination of terrorism in Sri Lanka as far back as 2009. 

It seems perfectly alright if the US Sate Department is in the embarrassing situation of not finding any thing better to  keep you occupied in your office as the Ambassador-at-Large on Global Criminal Justice.

It is time at least now in the wake of  new Nations with greater military and economic power competing for the leadership amoung Nations of the world, for USA to  re-assess its continued  political intimidation of developing nations,  and adopt a generous coexistence with them. 

It is in that reality the USA State Department should adopt a different approach in dealing with developing countries like Sri Lanka.

Therefore the US Ambassador-at-Large for Global Criminal Justice should in absolute honesty demand the US State Department to stop  passing further resolutions against Sri Lanka,  which after suffering thirty years under terrorism is trying to develop the country, unite its communities, and bring happiness to its people, allowing them to enjoy a peaceful existence.

Neither Rapp Nor The USA Could Ever Substantiate Their Accusations Against Sri Lanka Based On Diaspora Sympathetic Innuendo.

January 15th, 2014

Insight By Sunil Kumar

January 16th. 2014

Yet another worthless attempt to discredit Sri Lanka in advance of the forthcoming Geneva Summit appears to be the case where the pun fittingly needs to be interpreted as “Rapp’s Crap” which has been coined by a local satire group interestingly enough towards the
related field and as usual instigated by the US and in all probabilities prompted by the UN who in turn have the harriers in the form of  the global Tamil diaspora mostly Tamil Tiger sympathetic, behind them so what else is new  beyond a few cackles!

The latest meeting between Sri Lanka’s External Affairs Minister G.L. Peiris and Ambassador Stephen. J. Rapp, US Ambassador-at-Large for Global Criminal Justice, had seen both sides take up the so called adversarial positions which many analysts believe would seriously damage future avenues of co-operation and engagement and quoted somewhat circumspectly in the local media. Needlrss to say Prof. Peiris is far from being an adversary being of high intellectual acumen as well as political savvy  as he is as always armed with relevant statistics and credible as well as tangible proof in defence of his country against adversaries where Mr.Rapp the only apparent adversary  seems to have coughed up ~ you guessed it ~ a load of crap!

The Legislature in Colombo and all government politicians with of course a few exceptions perhaps for reasons best known to themselves when adjudicating  that Rapp appeared to have pre-judged the issues and had a closed mind on the matters under discussion and seems to have accepted unverified information provided by interested parties as correct were never far from the salient truth. In fact they seem to have been spot on.

This said on the basis of the invalidity of the puny sources of information he seems to have linked to his conclusions as well as the huge bias written all over his attestation on which basis it deserves to be trashed and he alongside some of his cronies adamant in their insistence needing a summoning towards the explanations of a few home truths about which they appeared to be whether inadvertently or not ~ blinkered as well as overstepping certain diplomatic protocols which they certainly were not entitled to!

With reference to Mr.Rapp’s somewhat officious stand, the source which has said in  no  uncertain terms that“This visit seems to have been undertaken by Rapp from a position of pre-judgment seeking aspects justifying the objectives he is seeking,” seems to have drawn a very appropriate conclusion which further accentuates the worthlessness of Mr Rapp’s accusations.

In Sri Lanka today while it is a painful fact of life that there still remains a residue of ungrateful, disgruntled Tamil Tiger supporters alongside a grateful majority of contented and settled Tamils and other minorities, it appears to be the former category and their lamentations that have caught the sympathy of Mr. Rapp perhaps to suit his own convenience and fodder towards making his claims stick which truly does not gel with related realities and hearsay not a tangible quotient towards verifiable proof. Not surprisingly Mr.Rapp does not seem to have thought of a second opinion from either the Sinhalese and other ethnicities hugely affected by the attrocities of the Tamil Tigers and has had no compunctions about being adamant towards  his opinion which categorically must remain a mere opinion where stacks of evidence in the form of archival documents, photographs as well as eyewitness testimony attests to who the real culprits were that commited crimes against humanity and they today have been disposed of in a precedent setting perfectly legitimate operation by a Sovereign Nation defending Sovereignity and Territorial Integrity from a terrorist entity. Mr Rapp by rights should pack up his crap and take it back home with him if he cannot ascertain the reality of what transpired!

That he has also been described as pompous and ill advised seems insufficient towards how high handed he has been on related issues just in time for the forthcoming Geneva Summit where its high time the bickering on the part of the USA, the UN and the rest of Sri Lanka’s critics in favour of the Global Tamil Diaspora was stifled permanently letting Sri Lanka carry on the programmes initiated towards certain accountabilities with every right to stand her ground on how the anti -terrorist campaign which lasted almost nearly three decaded with astronomical losses to the Nation was succesfully conducted!

Combat Trauma and Post War Sri Lanka

January 15th, 2014

Dr. Ruwan M Jayatunge

 The Sri Lankan society experienced a 30 year prolonged armed conflict that changed the psychological landscape of the Islanders. A large number of combatants, civilians and the members of the LTTE underwent the detrimental repercussions of combat trauma. Following the armed conflict in Sri Lanka over 90,000 people lost their lives and thousands of families are still grieving. A large numbers became physical and psychological casualties of the war.  The war trauma still echoes in the Sri Lankan society.  

 War has serious consequences for both short-term survival and longer-term recovery and development (S¸rensen, 1998). War trauma represents a horrendous experience to the Sri Lankans. The Sri Lankan society is still struggling with the negative aftermath of the 30 year armed conflict.  If not addressed effectively the psychological scars following combat can stay behind for many years. It can change the psychological markup of people making them more dysfunctional.

 Londo±o and colleagues (2012) indicate that exposure to violence in general and to armed conflict in particular has been consistently associated with an increased prevalence of mental illness.  Although mental disorders are a major public health problem, the development of mental health services has been a low priority everywhere, particularly in low- and middle-income countries (Minas, 2012).

 War trauma has impacted the Sri Lankan society in every level. The social fabric has been severely damaged. It has become a part of social experience and memory.  As the Salvadorian psychologist Martin-Baro wrote of his own country, what was left traumatized were not just Salvadorian individuals, but Salvadorian society. This expression is totally applicable to Sri Lanka.  

 During the post war period interpersonal violence, child abuse, rape, alcohol and drug abuse, social violence have been increased in significant numbers. Many of these social maladies have direct or indirect connections with war trauma.  Deplorably Psychological wounds of the Eelam war were not adequately addressed and the deleterious effect of combat trauma impacts the post war Sri Lankan society.  

   Nature of the Sri Lankan Conflict

The Sri Lankan Conflict was the longest-running armed conflict in Asia.  It was a conflict between the Government Forces and a rebel separatist group better known as the LTTE (The Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam).  The LTTE was regarded as the most lethal terrorist group in the world. In the subsequent years the LTTE was banned in UK, US and in Canada. The LTTE   attacked   the Sri Lankan armed forces with modern high tech weapons. In addition the LTTE used numerous unconventional methods to fight the Sri Lankan Forces using child soldiers and suicide bombers. The Northern conflict consumed many lives and caused damage to the property worth of billions of dollars.  

 Sri Lankan Combatants and War Trauma

Sri Lankan military forces deployed its entire bayonet strength for nearly 30 years.  During this critical period the Sri Lankan military launched nearly 20 major military operations against the LTTE. Over 200,000 members of the Sri Lanka armed forces and Police had been directly or indirectly exposed to combat events during these years.  They were exposed to hostile battle conditions and many soldiers underwent traumatic battle events outside the range of usual human experience.

 In 2009 May the Sri Lankan government declared that the country won the war against the LTTE. Although the armed forces were able to gain a decisive victory it came with a huge social cost. The Eelam war affected the psychosocial health of the combatants. Significant numbers are still impacted by combat trauma. During the post war era high numbers of desertions and suicides have been reported among the combatants.  According to the Military Spokesperson of the Sri Lanka Army from 2009 to 2012 postwar period nearly 400 soldiers had committed suicide (Sriyananda, 2012).

 The Social Impact of Combat Related PTSD

 The experts believe that the circumstance of war can produce a range of emotional, psychological and behavioral stress reactions among soldiers and officers that can lead to a condition known as PTSD (Post Traumatic Stress Disorder). Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a condition that engenders both symptomatic distress and severe disruption in interpersonal and social functioning (robertson et al. 2004).

During the Eelam War many soldiers experienced combat related psychologically distressing traumatic reactions. Most of these acute traumatic reactions were not appropriately diagnosed or treated. Some soldiers were emotionally overwhelmed as a result of war trauma. There were no apparatus to identify these distressing reactions and offer psychological first aid without delay. Some soldiers lived with the traumatic ruminations for years while serving in the operational areas. These victims were later diagnosed with combat related PTSD.

For a number of years the Sri Lankan authorities were reluctant to believe that combat related PTSD was emerging in the military. PTSD was regarded as an American illness and there was an unofficial taboo to use the term PTSD. The tension of combat trauma was mounting in the military over the years and there had been suicides, and self-harms reported from the battle fields. The soldiers affected by war trauma had behavioral problems and their productivity was plummeting. Many soldiers who had positive features of combat related PTSD without any physical wounds were compelled to serve in the operational areas and engage in active combat. In the early days of the war soldiers were sometimes charged with malingering when they tried to seek medical attention. Many traumatized veterans deserted the army or joined underworld criminal gangs. Until 2005 the Sri Lanka Army did not medically discharge any combatant on psychological grounds especially PTSD.

The laborious work of Dr. Neil J Fernando- the former Consultant Psychiatrist of the Sri Lanka Army gave an insight to the authorities to think about war trauma and PTSD seriously. The first soldier who was able to get a medical discharge with PTSD (in 2005) was a Lance Corporal with malignant PTSD. He was a POW who was held by the LTTE for nearly 5 years.  

Combat related PTSD has impacted combatants hugely.  The wounds that they received from war were not confined to the battlefield. It was not an individual trauma anymore.  The war trauma frequently transformed to their domestic environments. Domestic and community violence, child abuse addiction issues, self harm etc. became massive social problems. War trauma has turned in to a vicious cycle affecting   individuals as well as the entire society.

 The Residual Effect of Combat Trauma

It is important to know that in the post war era late reactions of combat related PTSD can emerge. Combat stress has residual effect on some veterans. For some soldiers combat related traumatic reactions can emerge at a later date. Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) may develop as a serious long-term consequence of traumatic experiences, even many years after trauma exposure (Lecic-Tosevski et al. 2013). There is a risk of emergence of late reactions of combat related PTSD in the post war Sri Lankan society.

 According to Dr. Michael Robertson of the Mayo Wesley clinic ex-servicemen can experience delayed reactions of combat stress. A large number of WW2 Veterans those who never had any anxiety related symptoms later complained of Delayed PTSD. Some reactions were manifested 40-50 years after the original trauma. Therefore the health authorities in Sri Lanka should be aware of the late reactions of combat related PTSD.  Studies are needed to systematically assess the mental health of the members of armed services who fought a prolonged war.

Combat Trauma among the ex LTTE Carders

 Combat Trauma among the ex LTTE Carders is least discussed. Very few studies are available on the mental health factors relating to the ex militants. Many surviving members of the former LTTE either now live in Sri Lanka or live abroad. Most of these ex militants joined the movement as children and throughout the war they underwent the harsh realities of war trauma.

As children these members witnessed and engaged in violence. While spending time in the battlefield they turned in to adults. As adults they continuously lived through battle stress until the end of the conflict in 2009.

 Mental health experts believe that psychological trauma experienced by people during their childhood have a higher tendency to manifest mental health problems in later life.   According to several mental health experts some of the ex LTTE members suffer from malignant PTSD (Disorders of Extreme Stress Not Otherwise Specified or DESNOS). These victims live with rage, guilt, alienation and suicidal ideation. They lack social skills and unable form families due to lack of parental skills and intimacy. Although a number of rehabilitation projects were launched by the Sri Lankan government to rehabilitate the former militants some of them still live with scarred minds. Those who managed to flee and live as refuges in the Western countries do not receive culturally fitting psychological rehabilitation therapy. These individuals need psychosocial rehabilitation in order to re integrate in to society.

 The Child soldiers in the Sri Lankan Conflict 

Over 7000 children were forcibly recruited and sent to war by the LTTE during 1983 ” 2009 (Human Rights Watch). Children were abducted and forced into weapon training and they were subjected to torture, indoctrination, sleep deprivation and often forced to commit atrocities.   During the Eelam War these children witnessed absolute carnage that would impact their future adult lives. 

 Former child soldiers have numerous mental health issues. Children who survive traumatic events exhibit   diverse set of symptoms and physical signs   often meet with diagnostic criteria for attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, anxiety disorder etc (Perry, 2003). 

 In 2009 the Sri Lankan Government liberated all the child soldiers that were held by the Tamil Tigers. These child soldiers were reunited with their families and they were offered rehabilitation.  Among   the conflict ridden countries Sri Lanka became the first state to free all the child soldiers that were held by the rebel group.  Today Sri Lanka is free of child soldier menace.  This is a major victory to the civilized world that sternly condemns the military use of children.

 Today these ex-child soldiers undergo rehabilitation. Most of them go to schools and receive vocational training.  But still many are trapped with their dreaded combat memories. According to the local clinicians a considerable numbers of Sri Lankana child soldiers   are suffering from depression, PTSD, somatization and adjustment disorders. They need effective long term rehabilitation and acceptance by the society.

  The Civilians Affected by the War   

In armed conflicts civilians have little protection from collateral or incidental damage and often they become vulnerable. Among the consequences of war, the impact on the mental health of the civilian population is one of the most significant (Srinivasa Murthi & Laksminarayana , 2006). The recent military conflicts in Afghanistan and Iraq had a large numbers of civilian casualties.  The Eelam war in Sri Lanka was no exception. A large number of civilians from the North and South   became innocent victims of the war in Sri Lanka. Many became casualties due to the colorectal damage following military offensives against the rebels (in the North) and due to suicide bombing by the LTTE (in the South).  

According to the International Institute for Strategic Studies (2003) between 1980 and 2000, the LTTE carried out 168 suicide attacks causing heavy damage on civilian, economic and military targets. Suicide bombings and other form of explosions can cause long-term repercussions on survivors. Bashir and colleagues (2013) highlight that  civilian victims of suicidal and improvised bombings present with a wide range of neurological symptoms and injury patterns, which often differ from the neurological injuries incurred by military personnel in similar situations, and thereby often require individualized care.

The Sri Lankan conflict caused mass displacements. At the end of 2006, at least 520,000 people in Sri Lanka were victims of conflict-induced displacement in a country of 20 million, making up one of the largest displacement crises in Asia in absolute terms and particularly in terms of the proportion of the population displaced (Civilians in the way of conflict: Displaced people in Sri Lanka September 2007).  Many civilians who became displaced   lived in shelters for long years and fled the country. Adverse mental health consequences have been reported among the displaced people.

The war trauma in Sri Lanka destroyed the social fabric and a large number of civilians underwent hardships of war. People lost their loved ones. They lost their property and livelihoods.  It affected individual as well as in collective level.  For the most of the Sri Lankans the war became a collective trauma. Tens of thousands of Sri Lankans still face the bitter consequences of the war. They live with their traumas suffering silently.

 The civil society has been degraded by war trauma. Hostility, suspicion, alienation, emotional numbing, indifference, scapegoating became the common components in the war ridden Sri Lankan society. Empathy, tolerance and compassion gradually disappeared as the war progressed. There is a noticeable lack of quality in civil society, partly due to the crippling brain drain, but also due to the devastating effect of the war. There is also widely reported perception in northern Sri Lanka that there has been a marked deterioration in social values evidenced by changing sexual and social behaviours. (Somasundaram 2007) 

 The researches indicate that armed conflict can have long term consequences. Nandi (2013) investigated to what extent the soldiers and young women of World War II were affected by PTSD symptoms over the course of their lives and in this study the researchers recruited 52 male and 20 female Germans aged 81-95 years and interviewed regarding war experiences and PTSD symptoms. Of the men 2 % and 7”‰% met the criteria for current and lifetime PTSD diagnoses, respectively, as compared to 10 % and 30”‰% of the women, respectively. These researches show that the impact of war trauma can affect the Sri Lankan society for long years.

 The Eelam War and the War Widows

One harsh reality of the war is that the every soldier killed in war leaves behind grieving family and relatives. It has been a reality since the Trojan War. The women who were left widows as a result of the Sri Lankan conflict are facing radically altered circumstances. There are estimated thousands of war widows who still experience grief reactions. Many widows young and with the death of their husbands these women have become a psychologically and socially vulnerable group. Most of the women who underwent severe emotional pain still have not completely recovered. Many have become the victims of pathological grief and were clinically diagnosed with Prolonged Grief Disorder or PGD.

 They are unable to work through their grief despite the passage of time. With the widowhood, they experience identity change, role adjustment and change in social status.

 Many researches concur that the mental trauma of the war widows can last for long years. Depressive reactions are common among the Sri Lanka war widows. Many LTTE carders who died in action left their wives in grief-stricken situations. The war widows of the Northern part of Sri Lanka too experience the similar plight. 

 In the conservative Asian societies, widows face social, economic and legal handicaps. Widow as its name denotes is associated with some form of socio-cultural stigma and humiliation. They are considered as bad omen in many Sri Lankan rural areas. They are marginalized by their own communities. These   factors affect their self-esteem. In some events, the accusations were made by the in laws stating that the husband’s death occurred because of the unluckiness of the wife and they are partially answerable for the husband’s death. They experience lack of social support and loss of their social possession in their own family circles.

 The war widows face a number of mental health problems. They have suffered bereavement as a result of the violent deaths of their husbands and these traumatic memories hound them for long years. They are often subjected to extreme forms of discrimination and physical, sexual, and mental abuse. Therefore, widowhood represents a form of “social death” for these women.

 Healing the Post War Sri Lankan Society

Post war societies are highly vulnerable. Therefore the combat trauma in the post war era has to be managed effectively. There are numerous examples from other countries that reveal the susceptibility of the social networks and communities in the post war period.  For example soon after the American Civil War, some of the traumatized soldiers formed an extremist movement that called KKK which engaged in racial violence. Many American volunteers who participated in the Spanish Civil War engaged in social violence and some Lincoln Brigade soldiers became top criminals. Post-Vietnam War caused a vast social chaos in the USA. Similarly, many Afghanistan veterans of the Red Army engaged in organized crimes in the former USSR. 

  Soon after a mass conflict like war, there is a tendency to political extremism and sometimes religious fundamentalism to emerge. In a post conflict, society social fabric is fragile, people are traumatized and they become easy targets to these extreme and damaging forces. Soon after the WW 1, Germany faced such a situation and NAZIS could exploit the collective trauma experienced by the German people. The Taliban fundamentalists grabbed   power at the end of the Afghan- Soviet conflict. Hence, there is an impending risk that Sri Lankans face today and the Democratic forces have an absolute responsibility to restore peace and justice system in the Country

 The major impacts of war include disintegration of communities and damaging the psychological well-being of the people. Therefore, major psychosocial interventions are required to restore the damages caused by the war. Promotion of human rights and justice are the key way to reinstate the social equilibrium. The victims of war trauma need appropriate treatment psychosocial support and culturally sensitive rehabilitation. Apart from these measures infrastructure reconstruction and reconciliation should be focused in the post war Sri Lankan society.

 References

American Psychiatric Association (APA) (1994) . Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders: DSM-IV. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association

 Baro, M. (1994) . Writings for a liberation psychology, Harvard University Press.

 Bashir, M.U., Tahir, M.Z., Bari, E., Mumtaz, S. (2013).Craniocerebral injuries in war against terrorism — a contemporary series from Pakistan. Chin J Traumatol.  16(3):149-57. 

 Batista, P. & Wiese, E. ( 2010) .   Culture and Migration: Psychological Trauma in Children and Adolescents.  Traumatology   16: 142-152

 Child soldiers global report (2009) .

 Fernando, N. & Jayatunge, R (2011) . Combat Related PTSD among the Sri Lankan Army Servicemen. Retrieved from

http://www.srilankaguardian.org/2011/02/combat-related-ptsd-among-sri-lankan.html

 Human Rights Watch. (2004) .  Sri Lanka: Tamil Tigers Forcibly Recruit Child Soldiers.  November 12, 2004 Retrieved from    

http://www.hrw.org/news/2004/11/09/sri-lanka-tamil-tigers-forcibly-recruit-child-soldiers 

 Jayatunge, R. (2004) . PTSD Sri Lankan Experience , ANL Publishers Colombo.

 Lecic-Tosevski, D.,Pejuskovic, B., Miladinovic, T., Toskovic, O., Priebe, S.2013). Posttraumatic stress disorder in a serbian community: seven years after trauma exposure.J Nerv Ment Dis. 040-4. doi: 10.1097/NMD.0000000000000051.

 Londo±o,A,.   Romero,P.,    Casas , G.(2012).The association between armed conflict, violence and mental health: a cross sectional study comparing two populations in Cundinamarca department, Colombia.Confl Health.6: 12. 

 Minas,H (2012). The Centre for International Mental Health Approach to Mental Health System Development. Harv Rev Psychiatry.20(1): 37”46.

 Nandi,C. (2013).War trauma and PTSD among German war survivors : A comparison of former soldiers and women of World War.

Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23695004

 Perry, B.D. (2003) Effects of Traumatic Events on Children. Retrieved from http://www.mentalhealthconnection.org/pdfs/perry-handout-effects-of-trauma.pdf

 Robertson, M., Rushton, P.J., Bartrum, D., Ray ,R. (2004).Group-based interpersonal psychotherapy for posttraumatic stress disorder: theoretical and clinical aspects.

 Somasundaram , D. (2007) .  Collective trauma in northern Sri Lanka: a qualitative psychosocial-ecological study.   International Journal of Mental Health Systems 2007, 1:5

 S¸rensen, B. (1998).  Women and Post-Conflict Reconstruction.  Retrieved from http://www.unrisd.org/unrisd/website/document.nsf/0/631060b93ec1119ec1256d120043e600/$FILE/opw3.pdf

 Srinivasa Murthhy, R.,Lakshminarayana, R . (2006) .  Mental health consequences of war: a brief review of research findings. World Psychiatry. 5(1): 25”30.

Sriyananda, S. (2012 September 24). Nearly 400 soldiers commit suicide in peacetime. The Island Newspaper. Retrieved on February 14, 2013, from  http://www.island.lk/index.php?page_cat=article-details&page=article-details&code_title=62302

Tribe, R., & Silva, P. D. (1999). Psychological intervention with displaced widows in Sri Lanka. International Review of Psychiatry, 11, 184-190.  

 Watters,  E. (2010) . Crazy Like Us: The Globalization of the American Psyche.  Free Press.

“City of London” is not part of England ” it is a separate state

January 15th, 2014

If ever a country has been referred by many names it has to be England. What is the difference between United Kingdom, England, Great Britain and moreover why is the ‘City of London’ a Corporation and not part of England, having its own laws?

 First, let us run though some of the names used for UK. Before the 17th Century ” there was no such word as British, 4 separate ‘countries’ prevailed comprising people who had their own identity, language and history ” English, Scottish, Welsh and Irish.

By 18th century the word British was used. Rule Britannia song was composed and Union flag created.

 British :

  • To be called British is not English only. British are Scottish, Welsh and Irish (living in Northern Ireland) Scottish and Welsh prefer to refer to themselves as Scots and Welsh instead of Brits.

United Kingdom

  • Formed on 1 January 1801 (2nd Union Act)
  • Official name of UK is ‘United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland” (UK = Great Britain + Northern Ireland) created in 1927
  • United Kingdom is made up of England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland
  • Comprises total land area of 244,100 square kilometres
  • Only Northern Ireland is part of UK
  • Capital of UK is England (capital of England is London)
  • Capital of Scotland is Edinburgh
  • Capital of Wales is Cardiff
  • Capital of Northern Ireland is Belfast (Separate since 1922)
  • The UNION JACK flag represents England, Scotland  and Northern Ireland

 Great Britain

  • 1st Union Act in 1701 formed Kingdom of Great Britain (England, Scotland and Wales)
  • 2nd Union Act in 1801 formed United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland
  • 1921 Anglo-Irish Treaty created Northern Ireland
  • Wales and England was one country under Tudors in 1543 (Scotland and Ireland ran separate kingdoms and Parliament)
  • GB has been ruled by UK Government since 1707 (Scotland lost its independence by force in 1652 because of Oliver Cromwell)

 England

  • Is a country in the United Kingdom comprising 2/3 of Great Britain
  • The total area of England is 130,410 sq km (50, 352 sq mi).
  • 84% of UK population live in England
  • English language derives from England (Scotland and Wales have their own language)
  • British Royal Family live in London
  • England and Wales was one country during Tudor Times (1543)

 City of London (is a separate sovereign State located in the heart of greater London and not subject to British law) It is a Corporation.

 Here’s where things get complicated.

 City of London and London City is not the same. In fact City of London does not belong to UK, England, Great Britain or Britain. 

 The City is not a part of England, just as Washington is not a part of the USA. The City of London is a privately owned corporation operating under its own flag, with its own constitution and free from the legal constraints that govern the rest of the country

 (King William III of the House of Orange in 1694 privatized the Bank of England, established the City of London, and turned control of England’s money over to an elite group of international bankers. Actually a Committee comprising 12 banks headed by Bank of England (Rothschild).

 England is however the financial oligarchy run by the “Crown” = City of London (Not the Queen) The Queen has to take permission to enter this private sovereign state from the Lord Mayor at the Templar Bar (4 Inns of Court – Middle Temple, Inner Temple, Lincoln’s Inn and Gray’s Inn ” all secret societies). The Bar Attorneys of the US owe their allegiance and pledge their oaths to the Crown (City of London). All Bar Associations throughout the world are signatories and franchises to the International Bar Association located at the Inns of Court of the Crown Temple. (Rense.com)

 The City of London is 677 acres. It is a financial district ” but not part of UK.

 Population of the City of London is 7000 but over 300,000 commute in and out daily.

 Population of Greater London is 8.1million

 The ‘City’ is run by the Bank of England ” it is a private corporation.

 Those who own the City of London are the Financial Oligarchy and are the power behind the Windsor Throne. They think they are the heirs to the Venetian oligarchy. Members of this oligarchy are mostly Jews (wealthiest of the mercantile class)

 But the Bank of England dictates to the UK Parliament.

 The Crown Colonies belonged to the City and were not subject to British laws though British citizens were used to conquer nations as well as pay for them. The British, Scottish, Welsh and even Irish are people simply serving the interests of the Crown or The City.

 The British Empire was an extension of the Banker’s Financial interest. The Bankers are part of a network known as ‘Club of the Isles” (informal gathering of European royalty including Queen) and has $10trillion in assets including – Royal Dutch Shell, Imperial Chemical Industries, Lloyds of London, Unilever, Lonrho, Rio Tinto Zinc, and Anglo American DeBeers.

 The Club of Isles dominates world supply of petroleum, gold, diamonds and other raw materials.

 The City dominates the world’s markets ” raw material extraction corporations, finance, insurance, transportation and food production and thus are able to create ‘chock points’ as well.

 The Club of Isles wishes to reduce population and bring the total world population down to 1billion (world population is 7billion) http://members.tripod.com/~american_almanac/fallhous.htm

 The Bank of England assumed control of the US during Roosevelts administration (1901-99) after its agent J P Morgan took control of 25% of American business.

 Americans think they own the land they purchase in the US ” it is far from so. they have merely purchased real estate by contract. A Warranty Deed has no value against a Land Patent.

 The Crown was granted Land Patents in North America by the King of England. The US Declaration of Independence is said to have been signed to pacify the populace who objected to being taxed by the Crown (City of London).

 The validity of the Declaration of Independence comes into question because the signatories on both sides were agents of the Crown (5 Templar Bar Attorneys under solemn oath to the Crown signed the American Declaration of Independence ” this means that when a single party signs as both first and second party it has no lawful effect)

 From 1694 onwards the ‘Crown’ in reality were the bankers. The Crown controlled 90% of the world’s trade controlled by British ships. The rest of the 10% of ships had to pay Commissions to the Crown for using the world’s oceans. By 1850, Frederick Morton estimated that the Rothschilds Bank of England exceeded $10billion.

 What is surprising is that the Bank of England is protected by its Royal Charter status and the Official Secrets Act ” that means no one knows who the shareholders are and who owns the company that carries out Central Banking in the UK.

 What is even more surprising is that the Bank of England is entitled to issue cash, lend cash, and even charge interest to the government ” while remaining a private business.

 This is no different to the US Federal Reserve Bank of America ” it too is a privately owned bank as are all central banks of the world including the Bank for International Settlements (BIS) in Switzerland ” where heads of 32 central banks shift billions of dollars at the stroke of a pen.

 The world’s financial crisis are moments of opportunity for those controlling these banks.

 The Bank of England has played a prominent role in wars, revolutions and espionage as well as business panics.

Vatican City and Washington DC are also sovereign City States.

Prosecute the prosecutors

January 15th, 2014

By Nalin de Silva

Enough is enough. Stephen Rapp the prosecutor came to Sri Lanka as an official of the USA. He visited the Northern Province with the ambassador in Sri Lanka for USA and gave a judgment. It was a case of the prosecutor becoming the judge, aptly described by the Sinhala saying “naduth hamuduruvange baduth hamuduruvange”. The embassy of USA in Sri Lanka tweeted that Sri Lanka forces had used cluster bombs and also engaged in chemical warfare. In fact they had identified St. Anthony’s ground in Pudumathalan, as the place where people had died as a result of shelling by the Sri Lankan armed forces in January 2009. The Bishops Rayappu Joseph of Mannar and Saundranayagam of Jaffna told the Americans of chemical warfare and cluster bombings. This reminds one of allegations of chemical warfare by the Americans and the English before they attacked Iraq. The governments of the UK and the US lied to their own people in order to attack Iraq.

The US and England have lied to the world throughout history in order to attack other countries and maintain their Anglo Saxon Christian hegemony for centuries. Thus the charges of chemical warfare, cluster bombings, shelling of civilians against Sri Lanka does not come as a surprise and the only question that has to be answered is why it took so many years for the Americans and the Bishops to come out with the charges. If somebody had thought about it before May 2009 the US could have attacked Sri Lanka on the pretext of the armed forces engaging in chemical warfare. If Sri Lanka had resorted to chemical warfare, cluster bombings etc., surely the Catholic Bishops would have come to know of it then, and they would not have refrained informing the west of such horrendous acts. Then why did the LTTE keep silent during that period? It is clearly a fabrication and it is known that the Sri Lankan armed forces were not in the vicinity of St. Anthony’s ground area during that particular time in January 2009.

All knowledge is created by people and in the case of charges against Sri Lanka there is a further dimension. We have been saying for years that the west is determined to take revenge against the President and the Defense secretary for defeating their ally and pet LTTE. They wanted the President to stop the operations and applied pressure to the government. The president was not in the country during the last few days of the operations, and it was known that the west wanted to send a ship to rescue Prabhakaran and his cohorts. Now more than four years after the event, the minister DEW Gunasekera has come with the information on how USA, England had given telephone calls to the government to stop the humanitarian operations, and how the President resisted all those demands. The interesting fact is that all these charges on violation of human rights of the civilians began after the defeat of the LTTE.

It is clear that these stories on human rights have only one objective. That is to remove the “Rajapaksa Regime” in the words of the pundits and Ranil Wickremesinghe, and send the Rajapaksa brothers Mahinda and Gotabhaya to the guillotine. We have been telling this since 2009 and by the time of the Presidential elections in 2010 we suggested that Sarath Fonseka in spite of his services rendered to the Sri Lanka Army, should be arrested for his “sudu kodi kathava” (white flag story), the first step in war crime charges. Though Fonseka was the commander of the army towards the end of the humanitarian operations his name is never mentioned in connection with “war crimes” by the west.

The west never thought that the LTTE would be defeated, and they had thought by applying pressure to the government, they could rescue Prabhakaran, and work towards establishing an Eelam in exile during the last week of the operations. Had they knew that the LTTE would be defeated, the west would have brought charges on “war crimes” during the operations, and as in Iraq would have attacked Sri Lanka on bogus charges. The war experts never thought that the LTTE would be defeated and we were spared of drones without pilots. The pundits never believed us when we said that the LTTE could be defeated by the Sri Lankan armed forces, and what they lacked was a determined political leadership, which was finally provided by the President Rajapkse.

Now, the story tellers are working overtime to take punitive action against the Sri Lankan government to effect a “regime change” and send the two Rajapaksas to the guillotine. The visits by Navi Pillais, Stephen Rapps and others are for reciting stories with the assistance of some clergy from the Catholic and Christian churches. We could expect economic sanctions and other “punishments” for keeping the SLFP led UPFA in power, but unlike few “educated” ignoramuses in Colombo, Kandy and few other towns who are grouped into various “enlightened” fora, the vast majority of the Sinhalas do not consider these threats of punishment for worth of two cents, and would not allow a “regime change” to the dismay of the England led west, Ranil Wickremesinghe and the educated ignoramus. We should expect more stories in time to come and should not be much concerned with what England and USA are up to in Geneva. All that we have to do is to defeat their resolutions if possible with the assistance of non western countries and pave the way for a strong organization of non western countries.

We should never try to appease the west or India by promising to implement the thirteenth amendment or inquiring into the so called violations of human rights of the civilians during the humanitarian operations. Rapp has now extended these “violations” to January 2009 and soon they would be talking of the entire period of operations against the LTTE not confining themselves to the last two weeks. They are so desperate for a “regime change and the west would be directly involved in achieving their objective. Rapp is only the forerunner of the change of policy by the west.

Though we should never agree to any investigation internal or external (so-called international) investigation on “violation of human rights” we need some other investigation by a committee consisting mainly of Sinhala educated people including Maha Sangha. The educated ignoramuses should be shunned out from this committee as they would be only the mouthpieces of the western theorists. (Incidentally a seminar on “western science is pattapal boru ” blatant lies” will be held on 23rd January in Kandy where leading members of some enlightened fora reside). The committee should come out with a report on what action should be taken regarding the story tellers on human rights violations. The two Bishops, Rapps and others should not be allowed to escape with these “war crime” stories without providing evidence. They hide behind anonymous eye witnesses, and the prosecutors take the easy path of becoming the judges themselves. We know that one of the Bishops gave the statue of Holy Mary in Madhu to the terrorists depriving many Catholics the opportunity of going on pilgrimage to Madhu and praying there. Defamation of individuals is a punishable offence even under the Roman Dutch Law, and when it comes to the defamation of a country, a nation and the leader of state, the law as handed over to us by the colonials seems to be silent. The prosecutors should be forced to come out with a list of so-called eye witnesses and they should not be able to say that the information would be provided after twenty years. What is at stake is the honour of the nation, the state, the armed forces and the Commander in Chief, and if the law lags behind in these matters, it is necessary to bring in legislation to punish the self appointed punishers. Let the prosecutors be prosecuted.

SRI LANKAN CRICKET-VICTORY DUE TO UNITY AND DETERMINATION OF YOUNGSTERS

January 15th, 2014

By M D P DISSANAYAKE

The commitment of the Sri Lankan Team to beat Pakistan in a foreign tour  convincingly was largely due to unity.   Politics has played its game for many years in Sri Lankan Cricket.  Today we witness Marvan Atapattu, Hashan Tillekeratne, Chaminda Vaas  with Sanath Jayasuriya on the same bench managing the future leaders of Sri Lankan Cricket.   It is an eye opener for everyone determined to make success in any field.   Sri Lanka’s astonishing victory against Pakistan cannot be attributed to a single person, but to  unity of cricketing legends and the determination of youngsters.

The Management Team  comprising the Chief Selector Sanath Jayasuriya ought to be given more flexibility and authority to make decisions.  Sanath has proved that he is a consultative decision maker.   Marvan Atapattu and Hashan Tillekeratne are as good as Gold.   We expect within next two years, Sri Lanka will have one of its own  products with an illustrious and  colourful Marvan Atapattu as our Head Coach.

Having won the match,  Sri Lankan Cricket Management must use the potential of the current squad in UAE as a platform  for future.  Going into the third test, we should not get ahead of ourselves.  As Russel Arnold correctly pointed out maintaining short targets per session, will prevent over- confidence.  Rameez Raja  as a commentator was shocked by the defeat, as  most Pakis  expected that beating Sri Lanka was a walk in the park.

Judging by both  first and the second tests, it is evident that Pakistan has more work to do to win the third test and square the series than Sri Lanka to win the series.  Pakistan relied heavily on Saeed Ajmal but Sri Lanka did not rely heavily on any of its bowlers.  Pakistan is continuing to have poor performance in wicket keeping whereas Sri Lanka has a world class wicket keeper Prassana Jayawardena.  Pakistan had two slow bowers, Saeed Ajmal and Mohammad Hafeez.  Sri Lanka had Rangana Herath without a second spinner.  Pakistan had Junaid Khan, Rahat Ali and Bilawal Batti for its pace attack.   Sri Lanka had Suranga Lakmal, Shaminda Eranga, Nuwan Pradeep and expected Angelow Mathews  to support the fast bowing team.  Angelow Mathew was restrained by a nagging injury.  Therefore on the balance, Pakistan should have won the match  with their experienced bowling attack.  But Kaushal Silva and Dimuth Karunaratne had other ideas to negotiate with a world class team such as Pakistan to play genuine first class Test Cricket.  Mahela, in spite of his injury, has supported the youngsters and win the match and man of the match award.

The commentators are arguing that Sri Lanka need  to drop Nuwan Pradeep and bring in either Dilruwan Perera or Vishwa Fernando.  This strategy  is valid if this is a five test match series.  Having only one more match,  the risks of changing the winning combination as against going back to cut and chop policy, ought to be mitigated.  Russel Arnold himself was a past victim of the cut and chop policy.  If Angelow Mathews is unable to bowl in the third test, that is distinctly an impediment to win but he has proved his leadership skills in using the available stock in trade to generate results. Assuming Mahela Jayawardene not fully recovered to bowl, Karunaratne, Sangakkara and Chandimal could be positioned  in between to provide time and space for full time bowling team.

Sri Lanka has largely worked out how to play Saeed Ajmal, which is a great plus. Sri Lanka’s strengths far outweigh  its weaknesses compared with Pakistan.  Sri Lankan Test Team is stronger than Pakistan Test Team in terms of batting, fielding and wicket keeping.  If there is any imbalance in the bowling department, the Sri Lankan batting should lift its game instead of making ad-hoc changes to the winning team.  This may be the best chemistry for sometime in Sri Lankan Test Cricket.

NEW ZEALAND’S PARLIAMENT RECEPTION ACCORDED TO AHMADIYYA KHALIFA.

January 15th, 2014

by A. Abdul Aziz.

 During his recent tour to Far East Tour, the World Head and Fifth Khalifa of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community, Hazrat Mirza Masroor Ahmad delivered an historic address at New Zealand’s National Parliament in Wellington on 4 November 2013. 

 In front of an audience of Parliamentarians, Ambassadors of State, academics and a range of other guests, the Khalifa advocated the urgent need for justice as a means to develop world peace in the face of increasing tensions and conflicts in various parts of the world. Indeed, His Holiness deemed the establishment of world peace as “the critical need of the time”.

 Speaking about the disastrous consequences of modern warfare, Hazrat Mirza Masroor Ahmad said:

  “The means of today’s wars include aerial bombardment, poison gas and even chemical weapons and there is also the potential use of the most horrific weapon of all – the nuclear bomb.  Consequently, the wars of today are entirely different to those of the past, because today’s wars could potentially wipe mankind from the face of the earth.” 

 Hazrat Mirza Masroor Ahmad emphasised that diplomacy should always be the preferred route in seeking to solve international or national disputes.

 His Holiness said:

 “Certainly, it is a requirement of loving one’s nation that if it is ever attacked, it is the duty of a citizen to be ready to give every sacrifice for its defence and to liberate the nation. Nevertheless, if the conflict can be resolved in a cordial or peaceful way through negotiations and diplomacy then one should not needlessly invite death and killings.”

 His Holiness spoke at length on the dangers facing the world in light of the Syria crisis. 

 Hazrat Mirza Masroor Ahmad said:

 “There is no doubt that a conflict between a government and its people can escalate into a much broader international conflict. Already, we find that two blocs amongst the major powers are forming. One bloc supports the Syrian Government, whilst the other is supporting the rebel forces. And so clearly this situation is not merely a grave threat to the Muslim countries but is also a source of extreme danger for the rest of the world.” 

 Continuing to underline the importance of diplomacy, Hazrat Mirza Masroor Ahmad praised the recent efforts of Russian President, Vladimir Putin, in preventing the escalation of the Syrian war.

 Hazrat Mirza Masroor Ahmad said:

 “Russia’s President made efforts to hold back some of the other major powers from attacking Syria… He said that if the requirements of justice were not met and if other nations went to war independently then the United Nations would suffer the same sorry fate as the League of Nations. I believe that he was completely correct in this analysis. I wish only that he had gone one step further and said that the right of veto power held by the five permanent members of the UN Security Council should be ended once and for all so that true justice and equity could prevail amongst all nations.” 

 His Holiness explained the methods by which Islam teaches Muslims to spread peace around the world. The Khalifa said that for true peace to prevail, the highest standards of justice must be established. He said the Quran required for absolute justice and equality at all levels.

  After the keynote address, other dignitaries also addressed the event.

 Kanwaljit Singh Bakshi, MP, said:

 “It is our privilege to have His Holiness Hazrat Mirza Masroor Ahmad here in New Zealand’s Parliament and to listen to have his wisdom and to listen to his thoughts.”

 Dr Rajen Prasad, MP, said:

 “It is a pleasure to welcome His Holiness to the New Zealand Parliament. I have always been very impressed at how Ahmadis live their lives as citizens of the nation and practice their message of peace.”

 Upon the conclusion of the event, Hazrat Mirza Masroor Ahmad met with various dignitaries including the Ambassadors of Iran and Israel. His Holiness was then given a tour of Parliament by Kanwaljit Singh Bakshi MP and thereafter His Holiness led the Zuhr and Asr prayers at the Parliament.

 The proceedings of the Event ” the video link of which is:-

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PYZIDlI0WXs&feature=youtu.be

Rayappu ‘Goebbels’ Joseph ” a viper in the underwear of the local Catholic Bishops’ Conference.

January 14th, 2014

Mario Perera, Kadawata

 In a recent commentary I referred to the declaration by Mr.Rapp the visiting US ambassador at large that hard core LTTE’ers should have been prosecuted and not rehabilitated.  Now, as is well known, there is a section of them who have neither been prosecuted nor rehabilitated. A key figure of this number is Rayappu Joseph who has been duly tagged ‘Rayappu Goebbels’. I wish also to make reference to the public utterance over the BBC during an interview, by Gota that had General Fonseka made the white flag comment he would be hanged because it is treason.
 
What Rapp and Gota have stated are legal remedies available to a State under those dire circumstances. What would have been Gota’s reaction if a Sinhalese had come public with the declaration that the army used chemical weapons against the Tamils and tried to convince a visiting empowered enquirer of that fact? Gota would, as he did with reference to Fonseka, have said: I will hang him high. Now this is precisely what Rayappu ‘Goebbels’ has done. How come he is immune? Are we not thereby accepting the reality that Tamil criminals of the North are of a different jurisdiction? We are compelled to accept the fact that between the ‘south’ and the ‘north’ there is, to say the least, some separation ” if not ‘de facto’ then at least ‘de jure’. They are under an international ‘white power’ government fuelled by their diaspora which MR is bending backwards to please.
 
Rayappu Goebbels told Rapp in other words that the army used chemical weapons against the Tamils. Considering his unwarranted, prejudicial, pernicious and destructive repeated intrusions into the political and diplomatic arena I suggested that the State has the right to demand the removal of Rayappu from his administrative function within State territory. This is quite a normal procedure of the State against any NGO functionary spreading seditious ideas within the country, and the Church is a glorified NGO. In this respect Rayappu is no different from Gordon Weiss or similar.
 
For national purposes the title ‘bishop’ in itself has no more sanctity than that of ‘poosari’ or ‘lebbe’. They can call themselves what ever name they want, give themselves all the powers they want, and rig themselves up in all the colours of the kaleidoscope, all that is their matter. What matters is that no Sri Lankan citizen or any other as a matter of fact, engaged in treasonable and seditious practices should be allowed to continue in his functions with impunity within national territory.
 
Now how did the peers in religion of the Tamil Goebbels react to the latter’s utterance? They did so with innuendos that still suggest the culpability of the State! They said: that is his opinion, indicating that he has a right to his opinion. They conveniently side-stepped the real issue which is one of truth and falsehood, of right and wrong.  
 
With reference to the question of Rayappu’s removal from his present functions it has been stated in these columns that Rayappu’s appointment was made by the Pope. This is true. Yet such appointments they are nevertheless not made ‘in vacuo’ or on a papal hunch. Candidates for bishoprics are scrutinized, and so to say placed under the microscope of papal diligence and concern.  Candidates for bishoprics do not advertise themselves. They are proposed by the body of local bishops the head of whom is the cardinal. The recommendation of the bishops’ conference, the local governing body of the church is an absolute prerequisite. The head of this body is once again the Cardinal although they seemingly share the honours among themselves as regards the chairmanship of that body as a sign of their fraternity: a sort of I tap your back and you tap mine. The cardinal nevertheless remain the ‘primus inter pares’ ” the first among the equals. Therefore if the removal of a bishop from his charge is in issue, there too the opinion and advice of the bishops’ conference and its head will have great weight, even the conclusive weight, as the Vatican (the pope) will not act on his own personal initiative and will bow to legitimate national constraints.
 
Now what is the ‘Local bishops’ conference’. It comes into question because of what the cardinal said: that Rayappu’s opinion is not that of the bishops’ conference. The body referred to is a consultative and deliberative assembly of all the bishops of the country. It is true that the two Tamils did not make their declarations at one such sitting. Yet, Malcolm Ranjith’s assertion that the view aired by the two Tamils of the North is ‘their opinion’ and not that of the bishops’ conference amounts to splitting hairs. The bishops’ conference is an assembly of all the bishops, the two Tamils included. If the subject was dealt within the ambit of an official get together, that the two Tamils would nevertheless have stuck to their guns is a foregone conclusion. The bishops’ conference need not assemble in a plenary session to know that. Whether gathered together or isolated, all the bishops are, whether individually or collectively, members of the bishops’ conference. They must therefore take collective responsibility for each others statements on matters that profoundly affect the life of the nation. How can there be ‘WE’ and ‘They’ factions within that unity? The simple truth is that the bishops are divided to the core on ethnic lines. It is also the simple truth that the two Tamils concerned are die-hard LTTE’ers and separatists and toed the LTTE line all long with all the Tamil clergy with them throughout the thirty year war and are doing the same now.
 
Also the statement of the cardinal, that the bishops’ conference (meaning the Sinhala bishops) does not hold itself responsible regarding the opinion of the two Tamil bishops with reference to their accusation of the use of chemical weapons by the army against the Tamils, puts the cardinal in a very dubious light. What the nation and the Catholics in particular want to know is whether, in the judgment of the Sinhala bishops, that opinion is right or wrong: whether what Rayappu and his ally said is true or false. On this the Sinhala bishops remain as silent as church mice. The cardinal does not at any time decry or denounce that accusation as the Sinhala Catholics would expect. Truth is not a matter of opinion but of conviction. The silence of the Sinhala bishops speaks volumes of their own positions. They take resort to innuendos thereby casting doubt as to their own loyalty to the nation. By putting the truth in doubt the Sinhala bishops are giving weight to the Tamil opinion or the Goebbelian lie.
 
The issue regards the bishops themselves and not elements outside. The condemnatory fingers of the two Tamils continue to point at the entire body of bishops, putting them to the test with the assurance that they will never be contradicted or brought to book. Did not Emmanuel say Prabha was Jesus Christ in person and get away with it? What is at issue is truth and falsehood which is beyond the scope of volatile opinions. What is in question is the guilt or non guilt of a nation. It is irrelevant that the utterance in question was not made at a sitting with all bishops present at a round table called the bishops’ conference. Must issues be raised at the round table for the Sinhala bishops to stand up to the truth and condemn falsehood?
 
By washing his hands of the matter instead of being a ‘witness to the truth’, the cardinal is doing what Pontius Pilate did to Christ.  It is the royal ‘We’ of Pilate that opposed the ‘They’ of the Jewish mob. The net result was that Christ was crucified.  The two individuals the bishops are leaders of the Tamil mob seeking the crucifixion of the Sinhala nation and the Sinhala bishops have washed their hands of their involvement. Pilate said: I have nothing to do with this man. The Sinhala bishops are saying: we have nothing to do with this issue.
 
Foes within and without are pushing for this country to be condemned at the international forum at all costs. The Tamil bishops are playing a leading role in pushing for this condemnation. The Sinhala bishops say they are perfectly free to think as they do without voicing their own stand on the issue. In other words what the cardinal and his Sinhala colleagues insinuate is that the two Tamils might be right! What more can one expect from a group that upheld the Tamil homeland theory before the LLRC.
 
The message that the Catholic hierarchy is giving to this nation is clear: we are washing our hands in the matter of your eventual condemnation before the Geneva assembly. The truth or untruth of the matter raised by our Rayappu, our man in the north, is for you to debate. We are not concerned. We have no convictions as regards the honesty and integrity of your State. We have only opinions, and as regards opinions one is as good as the other. Both Rayappu and we are appointed by the same source and there lies our dependence and loyalty. Accordingly as a multi-national and supra-national body, why should we influence his removal for a cause that does not concern us?
 
Can Catholics find fault with the Buddhists, laity and monks, who accuse them of being anti-national? The hierarchy does not care a red cent about the well being of Catholics in this country. They have the Vatican as their refuge leaving the Catholic laity in the lurch to face the brunt. This has been their attitude since time immemorial. Just think of the School Take over issue of 1961. The Catholic hierarchy led their devotees to the brink and let them fall over while ‘they’ pulled out into safety at the last moment behind the back of a cardinal sent by the Vatican and imported from Mumbai. The Catholics of Sri Lanka are like ‘the boy who stood on the burning deck’ when all but he had fled.
 
Though quite late in the day, it is still time for Catholics to have a representative lay body empowered to take decisions for the Sinhala Catholics on national issues and concerns. It is time they distance themselves from this unreliable and anti-national body called the bishops’ conference so similar to the duplicitous oracle of Delphi. They have only this country to live in and no places of refuge to run to should that need arise. It is time to draw the dividing line between the robed elite motivated by their own concerns and the laity with diametrically opposed imperatives on crucial national issues.
 
Mario Perera
Kadawata

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