Bond scams: Words, words, words!

January 24th, 2017

Editorial Courtesy The Island

We usually hear a cacophony of croaks near the Diayawanna Oya. At the end of the day, all shouting, abuse and barbs which pass for parliamentary debates leave the public none the wiser. The right of the national legislature to discuss matters it thinks to be important cannot be questioned. But, we are afraid, most such debates are tantamount to an utter waste of public funds utilised to keep the House open on sitting days. Some of the ruling coalition pundits keep arguing that it is advisable to close down the loss-incurring national carrier than to keep it afloat. One wonders whether the same is true of many other state institutions.

Yesterday, there was a difference, though. Parliament was debating the COPE (Committee on Public Enterprises) report on the Central Bank bond scams and several members, all from the Opposition, for once, managed to infuse some sense into the debate. They deserve praise though it is doubtful whether the ordinary people had the time to watch the whole debate live on TV and were able to draw rational conclusions without being swayed by partisan politics.

The yahapalana bigwigs got caught once again with their pants and sarongs down. They, true to form, tried to defend the indefensible. They were exposed for their favourite pickpocket ruse as it were. Pickpockets place their confederates strategically along possible escape routes so that in case of a botched attempt followed by a pursuit their friends could join the pursuers in catching them and then craftily remove them to safety on the pretext of making a citizen’s arrest. This is the method the UNP has adopted to save the bond thieves.

The UNP first appointed a committee consisting of its lawyers and had the then Central Bank Governor Arjuna Mahendran exonerated from wrongdoing. It succeeded in enlisting President Maithripala Sirisena’s support to dissolve Parliament in 2015 before the presentation of the COPE report, which would have had a devastating impact on its parliamentary polls campaign. Having committed that cardinal political sin, the President is now duty bound to ensure that the bond scams will be properly probed by the presidential commission he is going to appoint.

The UNP also made no bones about its determined bid to sabotage the COPE probe under the present Parliament into the bond thefts. Its members went so far as to abuse Central Bank officials and even the Auditor General verbally in a threatening manner in a bid to suppress evidence against Mahendran et al. Having failed to derail the parliamentary watchdog committee process, it sought to weaken the COPE report by inserting footnotes into it. The UNP succeeded in preventing its leader being named in the report thanks to its rapport with the new JVP. Unable to open an escape route for bond thieves through Parliament the UNP is now trying to open one via Hulftsdorp with the help of malleable state prosecutors, police high-ups and judicial officers.

Only the naïve may have expected the UNP or the Opposition to come out with anything different in yesterday’s debate. Chief Government Whip Lakshman Kirielle did his damnedest to have the House believe that a botched attempt by a group of some civil society activists to move the Supreme Court against Mahendran et al was sufficient proof that there had been no bond scams! The case, which was too weak, was dismissed on different grounds. Interestingly, the government has sacked the Lanka Coal Company Chairman Maithri Gunaratne, who demanded that a questionable coal tender be scrapped as the Supreme Court had said the deal which had shaken its conscience could be cancelled.

The previous government took the masses for asses and thought anything coated with its brand of patriotism could be rammed down their throats. The incumbent dispensation apparently thinks people are goats and koskola (jak leaves) mixed with a little bit of yahapalanaya can be shoved down their throats. Reflected in the UNP’s arguments yesterday in defence of the bond thieves was this mindset.

The Joint Opposition (JO) can certainly do much more than it is doing at present to crank up pressure on the government to stop giving kid glove treatment to the bond thieves who are going places. Intriguingly, while claiming that it will topple the government before the end of the current year it baulks at flogging the bond issue hard enough to mobilise the people against the government. The bond scams have adversely impacted on about six million workers in the private sector dependent on the EPF, which has suffered a huge loss due to the bond thefts. The JO ought to explain why it has stopped short of taking to the streets on the crucial issue.

Meanwhile, the only way to bring the bond thieves to justice is to conduct a thorough presidential probe into the COPE findings and prepare a solid case against them. Minister Mahinda Amaraweera said yesterday that President Sirisena was exploring ways and means of recovering the public funds stolen by the bond thieves. The President will have to find out the provenance of the funds these crooks have invested locally and whether part of them has been utilised to pollute the media through investments therein. The President alone has the powers to get to the bottom of it. It is hoped that he will have a thorough probe conducted into the bond scams, bring the culprits to justice and, thereby, live up to people’s expectations.

One more thing: let the President and his government be urged to dissolve the FCID, the CID and the CIABOC for their failure to arrest the bond thieves. They have forfeited their right to be taken seriously and maintained with public funds. Those responsible for the biggest ever bank robbery are still free. As it is popularly said in this country, of what use is a sword which is not available for war?

President wants govt to acquire assets of Perpetual Treasuries if found guilty-Kiriella says bond scam a myth

January 24th, 2017

by Saman Indrajith Courtesy The Island

January 24, 2017, 9:31 pm

President Maithripala Sirisena is looking at the possibility of the government acquiring the assets and funds of Perpetual Treasuries if the company is found guilty of causing a loss to the government by the Central Bank Bond scam, Fisheries Minister Mahinda Amaraweera told Parliament yesterday.

Participating in the debate on COPE report on the Treasury bond scam at the time of the adjournment of the House, the Minister said that there had been a fraud in Perpetual Treasuries

purchasing treasury bonds. “We will not whitewash the guilty. They should be punished. The President has instructed the appointment of a Presidential commission to probe the bond scandal. The commission will recommend the next steps to be taken”.

The Presidential commission would investigate the sales of treasury bonds and it would recommend a mechanism to be introduced so that the selling of treasury bonds would be done in a more transparent manner in the future, he said.

article_image

Leader of the House and Highways and Higher Education Minister Lakshman Kiriella said the government was bound to implement whatever recommendations that would be suggested by the Attorney General after perusing the COPE report. The much-hyped loss supposed to have been incurred by the government because of the treasury bond sale was a myth.

“We should punish anyone if found guilty. There is no doubt on that. But parliament cannot impose punishments. There are courts for that purpose. This matter had been challenged in the Supreme Court once. The court did not find anything wrong in the bond sale. The said loss is hypothetical. There is nothing illegal happened in the bond sale”, Kiriella said.

Opposition Leader R Sampanthan: Frauds and corruption are all over the country. The situation is not healthy for democracy. Now two years have passed since the incumbent government came to power. But none of those accused of corruption in the previous government has been punished. There are wrong doings taking place under the incumbent government too. But the culprits go scot-free. Rule of law should be upheld.

Megapolis and Western Province Development Minister Champika Ranawaka: Perpetual Treasuries Company has amassed profits unheard of through the said bond sale in a short time. That leads to suspicions. Therefore it is wise to investigate this issue. This government came to power not to protect thieves but to punish them.

City Planning and Water Supply Minister Rauff Hakeem: The move to appoint a presidential commission should be appreciated. That commission could look into all the deals in detail. If there is anything wrong that happened then those responsible should be punished.

JVP Leader Anura Kumara Dissanayake moving the motion for the debate said the government had suffered a loss of more than Rs 1674 million from the treasury bond sale that took place on Feb 27, 2015. The COPE found that the government had suffered a loss and legal action should be taken against the officials involved in the sale. We thank the Speaker for taking a bold action to hold this debate. The treasury bond sale is a serious issue. The company involved in this deal has earned profits that cannot be earned by even selling heroin. The Speaker should refer this matter to the CID.

Transport Minister Nimal Siripala de Silva: We totally agree with the findings of the COPE. We do not challenge the content of the COPE report. Some officials of the Central Bank have been accused of working against the interests of the country by the COPE report. It is the opinion of the SLFP that if found guilty in the treasury bond sale anyone or anybody should be punished irrespective of their positions.

VP questions why Prez Sirisena waited two years to probe bond scams EPF alone suffers loss of Rs 14.9 bn

January 24th, 2017


The Perpetual Treasuries Limited had recorded an excessive profit of more than Rs 13 billion during the 21 months from January 1, 2015 to September 30, 2016, Chief Opposition Whip and JVP Leader Anura Kumara Dissanayake said.

He was moving an adjournment motion in Parliament yesterday on the COPE report on the Central Bank Treasury Bonds investigation. He said the Perpetual Treasuries had purchased bonds worth of Rs 227 billion during the 14 months from February 28, 2015 to May 31, 2016. Out of that Rs 141 billion worth bonds had been purchased directly while Rs 86 billion worth bonds had been purchased through other institutions such as state banks.

He pointed out 95 per cent of those bonds had been sold back to the Employees Provident Fund (EPF) at the secondary market. He said according to a monetary board report that came out last November the EPF had suffered a loss of Rs 14.9 billion during the above mentioned 14 months.

article_image

“The assets of Perpetual Treasuries grew by 1853 per cent during the last two years while the asset growth of other primary dealers had been only 31 percent. The number of staff of this company is only 14. It is proved beyond doubt that this company has earned undue profits from the bond scams. The loss suffered from the bond scam on February 27, 2015 alone is Rs 1,674 million. Yet, the Government led by Prime Minister Ranil Wickremesinghe is hesitant to take any action against the culprits involved in this scam” he said.

MP Dissanayake urged Speaker Karu Jayasuriya to take the decisive matter into his hands and directly order legal proceedings against the perpetrators, while overseeing the process. The MP, while thanking the President for appointing a Presidential Commission in that regard, questioned why that action was delayed for two long years.

A Toxin Free Nation – Is it attainable?

January 24th, 2017

Dr. Sarath Amarasiri Former Director General of Agriculture, Department of Agriculture Courtesy The Island

I recently read the document titled A Toxin Free Nation – A Three Year Plan, published in February 2016 by the Presidential Secretariat and the Ministry of Agriculture, which could be obtained from www.sema.gov.lk. One of the key items of the plan is to ban the importation of chemical fertilizers within three years.

Before I proceed to comment on the contents of this document, I need to introduce myself. I served the Department of Agriculture (DOA) for thirty six years, twenty four of which were as a full time researcher. Most of my research was on fertilizers, both chemical and organic. The time I spent on organic fertilizers exceeded that on chemical fertilizer. I have carried out detailed research on recycling rice straw, and use of animal manures and green manures as fertilizer materials. I headed a team that willingly soiled their hands collecting 770 samples of cattle, buffalo, goat, sheep, pig and poultry dung; and 670 samples of rice straw from different parts of the country, for a part of our research on organic fertilizers. Many papers have been published based on the findings from these studies. They are found in the DOA research journal “Tropical Agriculturist’ and elsewhere.

article_image

I am compelled to give my background to enable the reader to know that I am neither in the chemical lobby nor in the organic lobby, but just a scientist concerned with increasing agricultural productivity in Sri Lanka, enhancing farmer incomes, protecting the environment and minimizing public health hazards arising from improper use of fertilizers.

I wish to begin by making a few comments on some of the statements found in the document that I referred to above. Use of pesticides is not discussed here since I am not competent in that field (my comments are in italics).

Both Sri Lankan Experts and the World Health Organization (WHO) have found the cause of CKDu to be the mixing of brackish waters with sub-standard fertilizers and agro-chemicals.

The cause of CKDu in Sri Lanka has not yet been found by local experts or by the WHO or by any one else.

Water bodies from the smallest well and pond, to the largest reservoirs and rivers, have become vats of toxins unfit for human or animal consumption.

No vats of toxins have been reported from a single well, river or reservoir in the country as far as I know. This seems to be a gross exaggeration not expected from a document coming from the Presidential Secretariat. It is the responsibility of the appropriate state organization to inform the public about this statement. Is it correct or is it not?

Before the advent of the “so called Green Revolution” of the fifties, Sri Lanka exclusively engaged in toxin-free agriculture.

This statement is incorrect. The Tea industry began using chemical fertilizers in about 1905.

It is important that legumes such as urid, mung, gingelly, millet, chickpea, cowpea, etc are planted to replenish the nitrogen in the soil.

Gingelly and millet are not legumes. It is deeply regretted that such wrong information is given in a widely publicised document. School children may think this is true and give incorrect answers at important public examinations.

Destruction of farm lands has taken place due to application of agro-toxins. Soil nutrition is destroyed. Microorganisms and other fauna helpful to farming have been killed off.

Let the paddy yields from the most productive rice lands in the country do the talking. According to the official reports of the Department of Census and Statistics for the last ten years beginning 2005/2006 Maha season, the yields in Udawalawe ranged from 110 to 134 bushels per acre, while the average yield was 118 bushels per acre. Similar yields were reported for the Yala season. Furthermore, the yields from Mahaweli System H were also very high. These yields are as high as from anywhere else in the world, having similar soils, moisture regimes and number of sunshine hours in the cultivation period. One must take into consideration that the Mahaweli farmers had been adding chemical fertilizers for about 80 seasons, according to the DOA recommendations.It is very unlikely that soil nutrition has been adversely affected in these lands when the paddy yields have been so high for so long.

In December 2016, I visited Girandurukotte (Mahaweli System C), and drove past very large extents of rice fields that were being ploughed. These lands too would have received chemical fertilizers as for Udawalawe and System H. I saw thousands of White Egret (sudu koka) feeding on the worms and other organisms present in the freshly dug soil.

I have not read any published literature in Sri Lanka that addition of chemical fertilizers has destroyed soil nutrition and killed off microorganisms and other fauna helpful to farming.

Local scientists have taken steps to provide robust non-toxic fertilizer. Many of these products can be sold at competitive prices in the local market. The government will create the enabling environment for these manufacturers as part of this initiative.

It is correct that certain liquid fertilizers are sold in the local market. There is no evidence, however, that even a single properly designed field experiment has been conducted in Anuradhapura and Polonnaruwa districts, and in Udawalawe, by the Department of Agriculture or any other accepted research organization that proves their ability to provide the nutrients needed for rice cultivation.

Making Sri Lanka a Toxin Free nation

The Presidential Secretariat and the Ministry of Agriculture in their Three Year Plan highlight the following:

*All chemical fertilizers contain toxins

*Application of chemical fertilizers has led to a deterioration of soil health and eradication of soil organisms.

*Organic fertilizers such as cow dung and microbial fertilizers do not contain toxins

*Organic fertilizers and microbial fertilizers will produce wholesome food that will lead to a healthy nation =Chemical fertilizers will not be imported, after three years

The following are my observations:

I do not agree that organic fertilizers are toxin-free. Consider cadmium which is a well known carcinogen (cancer causing) and a nephrotoxic (kidney damaging) element. The World Health Organization and the Ministry of Health have declared that cadmium is a risk factor for CKDu (Note: Not a causal factor).

It is present in triple super phosphate (TSP) and in all phosphate fertilizers in the world, including Eppawela rock phosphate. The government regulations prohibit the importation of phosphate fertilizers having more than 3 mg/kg cadmium.

It is found in any soil on earth. Any plant, including grass, contains cadmium. Grass is known for its special ability to absorb cadmium from the soil. Therefore, it can be said that there is no cow dung in the world that does not contain cadmium.

The published scientific literature gives the following values for the cadmium content of cow dung in England and Wales, Switzerland, China and Sri Lanka as 2.50, 2.00, 0.80 and 0.43 mg/kg respectively, on a dry weight basis. Incidentally, the cadmium content of poultry dung and pig dung is much higher than that of cow dung.

Consider a lorry load containing 5000 kg of fresh cow dung that is added to one acre of land in a year. At 80% moisture its dry weight is 1000 kg. The cadmium added to the land in a year would be 430 mg.

Consider the DOA maximum recommendation of TSP to rice, which stands today at 22 kg for an acre per season. The addition of cadmium to one acre of rice fields for two seasons would be 132 mg, assuming that TSP contains the allowed maximum of 3 mg/kg cadmium

Therefore, using the above calculation, it can be concluded that cadmium addition from cow dung exceeds that from TSP. Let us be mindful, however, of the assumptions made in the above arithmetic. It assumes that TSP in Sri Lanka does not have more than 3 mg/kg cadmium. It further assumes that the farmer adds only 1000 kg of dry cow dung (amount present in 5000 kg of fresh dung) containing 0.43 mg/kg cadmium.

As such I do not wish to imply that this analysis has universal validity. What I wish to strongly emphasise here is that cow dung is not toxin-free. I must admit that when we started our research on cow dung forty years ago, we had not even heard of cadmium as a potential toxin. Nor did DOA possess instrumentation to determine cadmium content at that time.

What happens when chemical fertilizer importation will be banned in three years?

*No urea and TSP will be imported after December 31, 2018.

*Rice yields in the country will suffer a drastic decline because organic fertilizers will not be available locally, having the ability to supply the same amount of nitrogen as that supplied at present from imported urea. None of the microbial fertilizers in the market have proven their ability to supply the nitrogen requirements of the rice crop. Nitrogen is the most yield determining factor for rice grown anywhere in the world.

*Banning TSP importation will not lead to an immediate drop in rice yields, since there is a soil build up of phosphorus from past applications of TSP in some rice fields. However, yields will definitely decline with time because Sri Lankan soils are not rich in plant available phosphorus as proven by field experimentation. Eppawela rock phosphate cannot be used for rice cultivation, and the much touted microbial fertilizers are yet to prove their effectiveness to make soils under flooded conditions release the insoluble phosphate compounds that are naturally found in the soil.

*Organically grown food does not guarantee that it is toxin-free, unless plants are grown in liquid medium without soil.

*No country can be toxin-free. Sri Lanka should strive to keep toxins at manageable levels.

Dr. Sarath Amarasiri

Former Director General of Agriculture, Department of Agriculture

රණවිරුවාට ජීවය දුන් භික්‍ෂුව අධිකරණයට ගෙනයැම

January 24th, 2017

සමන් ගමගේ උපුටා ගැන්ම දිවයින

ඉතිහාසයේ සිටම මේ රටට විනයක්‌ වූ කල්හි ඊට එරෙහිව බලමුළු ගොඩනගමින් පෙරට ගියේ අපේ මහ සඟරුවනය. එදා වීර පුරන්අප්පුලා, ගොංගාලේගොඩ බණ්‌ඩලා සේම වීර කැප්පෙටිපොළ ලා වැනි වීරයන් සුදු අධිරාජ්‍යවාදයට එරෙහි දිවි කැපකරමින් සටන් වැදුනේද මහා සංඝරත්නයේ ආශීර්වාදය සමඟය.

දුර ඈත ඉතිහාසයේ සිටම මේ රටත්, රට බේරාගත් රණවිරුවනුත් වෙනුවෙන් සෑම තැනකදීම පෙරට ආවේ අපේ වන්දනීය සංඝයා වහන්සේ වන්නාහ. සුදු අධිරාජ්‍යවාදීහු මේ පිංබිම යටත් කර ගැනීමට නොහැකි වූ තැන අපට උරුම ගමයි, පංසලයි, වැවයි, දාගැබයි යන සංකල්පයට මුලින්ම පහර දියයුතු බවට තීරණය කරනු ලැබූහ.

සුද්දා එදා එසේ කල්පනා කරනු ලැබුවේ ඒ බැඳීම බිඳ දමනතුරු සිව් හෙළය යටත්කර ගැනීම යනු අසීරු කරුණක්‌ බව මැනවින් වටහාගත් නිසාය.

එහෙත් ඉතිහාසයේ කතාව එසේ වෙද්දී සියලු තැන්හිදී රට ජාතිය සහ රණවිරුවා වෙනුවෙන් පෙරමුණ ගත් මහ සඟරුවන අරබයා අද සිදුවෙමින් තිබෙන්නේ කුමක්‌ද? “ඉතිහාසය කන්නදැයි” ඇසූ ඇතැම් අමනෝඥ කළුසුද්දන් රජයන වටපිටාවක්‌ තුළ මේ මොහොත වන විට සුද්දන්ටත් වඩා ඉදිරියට යමින් රට ජාතිය වෙනුවෙන් පෙරට එන සඟරුවන මර්දනය කිරීමට කටයුතු කරමින් තිබෙන්නේය.

තිස්‌ වසරක ශාපලත් ත්‍රස්‌තවාදය අතුගා දමා මාතෘ භූමියට නිදහස දිනා දුන් රණවිරුවාගේ දුක සහ වේදනාව හමුවේ පෙරට එන මහ සඟරුවන අල්ලා හිතුවක්‌කාරී ලෙස සිරගත කරන්නට පාලකයෝ පුරුදු පුහුණුව සිටින්නාහ. එය අලඡ්ජී නින්දාසහගත ක්‍රියාවක්‌ බව ඔවුහු වටහා නොගන්නාහ.

වර්තමානයේ මුලින්ම එය සිදු කෙරුණේ රජයට එරෙහි විරෝධතාවක්‌ අතරතුර ඊට සහභාගි වූ මහසඟරුවන ඉපැරණි සිංහලේ ධජය රැගෙන ඒමේ වරදටය. වගකිව යුත්තන් එදා එය දුටුවේ නොව ඒ දෙස වුවමනාවෙන්ම බැලුවේ ජාතික ධජය විකෘති කළේයෑයි යන මානසිකත්වයකින් යුතුවය.

අවසානයේ ජාතික ධජය විකෘති කළේය යන චෝදනාව මහා සංඝරත්නයට එල්ල කරනු ලැබීය. එහෙත් එහිදී මහා සංඝයාවහන්සේ රැගෙන ආවේ සිංහලයේ ඉපැරණි ධජය බව අද වන විට අධිකරණය මගින් තහවුරු කර ඇත. එසේ වුවද එකී අධිකරණ තීන්දුව ලැබෙන තෙක්‌ ගෙවි ගිය කාලය තුළ සිදු නොවිය යුතු බොහෝ දේ චීවරයට එරෙහිව සිදු නොවුණේද?

මේ රට සතුරාගෙන් මුදා ගැනීමට ජීවිත කැපකරමින් විශ්මිත මෙහෙයුම් සිදු කළා වූ බුද්ධි අංශ නිලධාරීන්ට එරෙහිව පසුගිය දිනවල ක්‍රියාත්මක වූ විමර්ශනවලට අනුව ඒ විරුවන් සිරගත කෙරෙද්දීත් සිදු වූයේ මෙයමය. ඝාතකයෝ යෑයි කියමින් ඔවුහු සිරගත කෙරුණාහ. එහිදී එයට එරෙහිව මහා සංඝයා වහන්සේ පෙරට ආහ.

අවසානයේ රටේ ඉදිරි ගමනට අනුශාසනා කරමින් පන්සලේ වැඩසිටි සංඝරත්නයට සිදු වූයේ රණවිරුවා වෙනුවෙන් පෙනී සිටීමේ වරදට සිරගෙට යන්නටය. උන්වහන්සේලා සති ගණනාවක්‌ එසේ සිරගත කර තබන්නට ආණ්‌ඩුව ක්‍රියා කළේය. එය සිදු කෙරුණේ කාගේ වුවමනාවටද යන්න ගැටලුවක්‌ බවට පත්ව තිබුණද බලයේ සිටින ඇතැම් කළු සුද්දන්ට නම් චීවරය යනු නයාට අඳුකොළ මෙන් වූ බව ඒ ඇතැමුන් කළ කී දෙයින් පැහැදිලි විය.

එහිදී ඔවුන්ට අමතක වූයේ හෙවත් පැහැදිලිවම කිවහොත් ඔවුන් අමතක කර දැමුවේ අපට උරුම ඈත ඉතිහාසය පමණක්‌ද? නැත. ඔවුන්ට මෑත ඉතිහාසයද අමතකව තිබිණි. ඔවුන් කළේ බලය හමුවේ බෙදුම්වාදයට ලංසු තබමින් සංහිඳියාව සහ සහජීවනය කබල් ගෑමය.

මහසඟරුවන සිරගත කෙරෙද්දී එසේ ඇතැමුන් වුවමනාවෙන් අමතක කර දැමූ අපේ මෑත ඉතිහාසය යනු කුමක්‌ද? එල්ටීටීඊයේ ත්‍රස්‌තවාදයට එරෙහි අවසන් විජයග්‍රාහී සටනේ පළමු වෙඩිමුරය එදා පත්තු කෙරුණේ මාවිල්ආරුවෙනි.

එල්ටීටීඊ ත්‍රස්‌තවාදීන් මාවිල්ආරු සොරොව්ව වසා දමා ජල බිඳක්‌ නොදී සිංහල, දෙමළ සහ මුස්‌ලිම් සාමාන්‍ය ජනතාව ප්‍රාණ ඇපයට ගනිද්දී ඒ මොහොතේ පළමුව පෙරට පැමිණයේද මහා සංඝයාය. සේරුවිල මංගලරාජ මහාවිහාරාධිපති සේරුවිල සරණකිත්ති හිමියෝ එහිදී එල්ටීටීඊයට එරෙහිව මාරාන්තික උපවාසයක්‌ ආරම්භ කරනු ලැබූහ.

පසුගිය රජය ත්‍රස්‌තවාදයට එරෙහිව සටන් වදින තැන දක්‌වා තල්ලු කෙරුණේ එසේ සංඝයාවහන්සේගේ නැගී සිටීම හමුවේ විය. මෙහිදී බෙංගමුවේ නාලක සහ මෙදා වෙනතක සිටියද අතුරලියේ රතන වැනි හිමිවරුන් ඇතුළු සංඝ රත්නය බොහෝ දේ සිදු කළහ.

අවසානයේ ඒ සටන ඇරඹිණි. බෙංගමුවේ නාලක හිමියන් ප්‍රධාන දේශප්‍රේමී භික්‍ෂු පෙරමුණේ හිමිවරු යුද බිමේ කඳවුරු වෙත ගොස්‌ පිරිත් දේශනා කරමින් රණවිරුවන්ට දිරි දුන්හ. එදා රණවිරුවනට සෙත් පතා බෝධි පූජාවක්‌ නොතැබූ විහාරස්‌ථානයක්‌ රටේ තිබුණේ නැත. ගමේ පන්සලේ නායක හිමියෝ ඒවායෙහි පෙරමුණ ගෙන සිටියහ. දායකයන් රැස්‌ කරමින් රණවිරුවනට ආශීර්වාද පතා උන්වහන්සේලා යුතුකම් ඉටු කරන්නට ජාතිය පෙළඹවූහ.

අවමංගල උත්සවයකට වැඩම කර අනුශාසනාවක්‌ කරද්දී වුව රට වෙනුවෙන් සටන් වැද සිටින රණවිරුවාගේ කැප කිරිම පිළිබඳ සිහි කරන්නට අපේ භික්‍ෂූහු එදා අමතක නොකළහ. ඒ ආශීර්වාදය රණවිරුවාට ලැබුණේ එසේය. එහි ප්‍රතිඵලය වූයේ රට විජග්‍රහණය කරවමින් එල්ටීටීඊයේ ශාපය දුරු කර අපට සාමය සහ නිදහස දිනා දෙන්නට රණවිරුවන් සමත් වීමය. අද ඇතැමුන් වුවමනාවෙන් අමතක කරදමා ඇති මෑතකාලීන ඉතිහාසය එය වන්නේය.

ගෙවී ගිය දෙවසරක කාලය තුළ එකී අමතක කිරීම ආණ්‌ඩුව සිදු කළ බවට පැහැදිලි සාක්‍ෂි ලෙස ඉහත සඳහන් කළ භික්‍ෂූන් සිරගත කිරීමේ සිද්ධීන් පෙන්වා දිය හැකිය. ඒවා මගින් මෙතෙක්‌ රටට කියා දුන් පාඩම වන්නේ අද බලයේ සිටින ඇතැමුන් තුළ චීවරය කෙරහි තිබෙන විරෝධයේ දිග පළලය. ඔවුන් ඒ විරෝධයට පිළිතුර ලෙස තෝරා ගත්තේ භික්‍ෂුව සිරගත කර මර්දනය කිරීමය.

එකී ක්‍රියාදාමය තවමත් නතර වී තිබේද? නැත. එය දැනුදු නින්දිත ලෙස සිදුවෙමින් තිබෙන්නේය. එය පෙන්වා දීමට ඇති පැහැදිලිම කතාව වන්නේ ඉකුත්දා තම සේවා විශ්‍රාම වැටපු ඉල්ලා කොළඹට පැමිණි අබාධිත රණවිරුවන් දැක්‌වූ විරෝධතාව හමුවේ අද සිදුව ඇති දේය.

රට වෙනුවෙන් සතුරා සමඟ සටන් වැදි ඒ රණවිරුවෝ තම අයිතිය ඉල්ලා පාරට ආහ. එහිදී සතුරු වෙඩි උණ්‌ඩයකින් හෝ බෝම්බ ප්‍රහාරයකින් තමන්ට අහිමි වූ පාදය වෙනුවට පැළඳ සිටින බොරු කකුල ගැලවූ ඒ ඇතැම්හු ඒවා මහ පාර මැද තබා තමන් යුද්ධයේදී උපන් බිම වෙනුවෙන් යුතුකම් ඉටු කළ අන්දම රටට සහ පාලකයනට පෙන්වා දෙන්නට වූහ.

මෙහිදී එදා මෙන්ම අදත් රණවිරුවන් අතරට ගිය මහා සංඝරත්නය ඔවුන්ගේ සුරතේ පිරිත් නූලක්‌ ගැටගසා ඔවුන්ට ආශීර්වාද කළහ. ඒ ආණ්‌ඩුව පෙරලන්නට නොව, ඒ විරුවන්ගේ දුක වේදනාව දුරුවන්නටය. අසරණකමට ධාර්මික පිහිට ලබා දෙන්නටය.

එසේ කොළඹට පැමිණි අබාධිත රණවිරුවෝ එදා දින අටක්‌ මුළුල්ලේ උපවාස, උද්ඝෝෂණ පවත්වමින් තම ඉල්ලීම් ලබා දෙන ලෙස ආණ්‌ඩුවට බල කළහ. අවසානයේ එයට පිළිතුරක්‌ ලැබිණි. ඒ අබාධිත රණිවරුවන්ට එල්ල කෙරුණු අමානුෂික පොලිස්‌ ප්‍රහාරයකින් පසු සේවා විශ්‍රාම වැටුප පෙබරවාරියේ සිට ලබා දෙන්නෙමැයි කියමින්ය.

ඒ සමඟ අබාධිත රණවිරුවන්ගේ විරෝධතාව අවසන් විය. එහෙත් ඉන් පසුව සිදු වූයේ කුමක්‌ද? මේ මොහොත වන විට අබාධිත රණවිරුවන් පැවැත්වූ එකී විරෝධතාවේදී ඔවුන්ට සෙත් පතා ඔවුන් අතරට ගිය බෙංගමුවේ නාලක, ඉත්තෑකන්දේ සද්ධාතිස්‌ස සහ රාවනා බලය සංවිධානයේ මංගල යන හිමිවරුන්ට එරෙහිව අධිකරණ ක්‍රියාමාර්ග ගැනිමට පොලිසිය පියවර ගෙන ඇත.

මෙහිදී උන්වහන්සේලාට එරෙහිව එල්ලවී ඇති චෝදනාව වන්නේ මහජන පීඩාවක්‌ ඇතිවන පරිදි ක්‍රියා කරමින් රජයේ දේපලවලට හානි කිරීම යන්නය. එකී උද්ඝෝෂණය සිදු කළෝ ආබාධිත රණවිරුවෝය. එහෙත් පොලිසියට අනුව මේ වන විට රජයේ දේපලවලට හානි කරමින් මහජන පිඩාවක්‌ ඇති කර තිබෙන්නේ ඒ රණවිරුවන් අතරට ගොස්‌ පිරිත් දේශනා කළ අපේ හාමුදුරුවරුය.

එසේ වූයේ කෙසේද යන්න නම් අපට නොවැටහෙන්නකි. එහෙත් පොලිසියේ එම චෝදනාවට අනුව අනිද්දා (27 වැනිදා) ඉහත කී භික්‍ෂූන් වහන්සේලා තුන්නම අධිකරණය වෙත යායුතුව ඇත්තාහ.

මෙහිදී වගකිවයුතු බලධාරීන්ගෙන් අසන්නට අපට එක්‌ ප්‍රශ්නයක්‌ ඇත. ඒ පැහැදිලිවම මේ සිදු වෙමින් තිබෙන්නේ පොලිසිය හරහා මහසඟරුවන මර්දනය කිරීමට කටයුතු කිරීම නොවේද යන්නය. එසේ නොවන්නේ නම් විරෝධතාවේ නිරත වූ ආබාධිත රණවිරුවන්ට ආශීර්වාද කළ උන්වහන්සේලා උසාවි ගෙනියන්නේ වෙන කුමකටද?

මෙම සිද්ධිය හමුවේ වේදනාවට පත්ව සිටින එදා විරෝධතාවේ නිරත වූ අබාධිත රණවිරුවන් අද ආණ්‌ඩුවෙන් එක්‌ කාරුණික ඉල්ලීමක්‌ කරන්නේය. ඒ එදා තමන් වෙත පැමිණ පිරිත් කියා සෙත් පැතීම හැරෙන්නට වචනයකින්වත් අන් දෙයක්‌ නොකළ එම භික්‍ෂූන් වහන්සේලාට එසේ හිරිහැර නොකරන්නැයි යන්නය.

මේ ඉල්ලීම කරනුයේ ත්‍රස්‌තවාදයට එරෙහි සටනේදී එඩිතරව පෙරට ගොස්‌ රට වෙනුවෙන් තම දැත් දෙපා, දෙනෙත් පූජා කර අද ආබාධිතව සිටින රණවිරුවෝය. එහෙයින් තව තවත් ගැටලු ඇතිකිරීමට වඩා ඔවුන් පවසන දේ දෙස අවධානය යොමුකරන්නට බලධාරීන් කටයුතු කළහොත් කාටවත් අවැඩක්‌ සිදු වෙයිද?

සමන් ගමගේ

 

A precious birthright that belongs to the people of Sri Lanka

January 23rd, 2017

Ashley de Vos Courtesy The Island

One is horrified by the recent statements by politicians, of coming events. Such as the handing over of the Trincomalee Port to the Indians who have never been our friends, India looks after her own interest first, even in the extraction of the smallest pound of flesh. We cannot blame her; our leaders should be doing the same.

India and RAW have surreptitiously entered Sri Lanka and have spread themselves extensively in the West and South of the country, with the warm support of our leadership, through the Indian Trojan Horse “Ambulance Programme”: A service that the Sri Lankan Armed Forces could have easily accomplished as a peacetime effort, without giving any official access to a scheming hostile force.

Also, giving the Port, Airport and vast acres of land to the Chinese to develop a mega industrial estate or estates, in the Hambantota region. Even though the Chinese have been our friends historically, for the longest period of time, a free hand to develop industry, unless carefully monitored, could also encourage and facilitate pollution industries to ingress into the landscape. A great threat to the environment and unique wildlife habitat.

First the Indians told us we should not purchase hardware from Pakistan and now, still worse, the contracting of our essential services to an American Company, who will be telling Sri Lanka, a country with an unbroken history of over two thousand five hundred years, how we should live in a world where the greed driven Americans have a distinct hand in facilitating the destruction of. Is this a stepping stone to a bigger and larger agenda to convert Sri Lanka into an American Military Base?

Recently India reopened talks with the US on giving access to each other’s military bases. The Logistic Support Agreement (LSA) allows both sides to make changes to each other’s facilities in a way that it allows for easier conduct of military exercises, besides expanding their scope and ambition. The Communication and Information Security Memorandum of Agreement (CISMOA) is an agreement that allows both Militaries to come on a common communication platform, and the Basic Exchange and Cooperation Agreement (BECA) largely pertains to geospatial intelligence requiring sharing information on maps and satellite imaging for defence purposes. God forbid, nuclear submarines in the Trincomalee harbour. India would prefer an American base in Sri Lanka rather than within her borders.

Even the Survey Department, one of the most efficient organisations in the country, the only Department that still polishes its floors on a regular basis, a Department that has existed for a century and half, an existence that is about a third of the whole life history of the United States of America, now to be given to an American company, so that this precious land, the birthright of the innocent people of this country, could be freely distributed to whoever ‘they’ please.

In the early 2000, the US tried to introduce the ‘Tropical Forest Act’ that would commandeer the precious resources from all the Sri Lankan forest assets against interest on monies borrowed by Sri Lanka, that is, every forest reserve in the country at less than Rs. 2,300 an acre or Rs. 14.30 a perch. There were a number of “Sri Lankans” supporting this move. If signed, the resources in the Sri Lankan cloud forests would belong to the President of the United States of America, who is free to conduct military exercises and sell or otherwise exploit the precious resources.

The big pharmaceutical companies had their antennas tuned on, on to what could have been a trillion $ lottery. There were heavy protests from a few Environmental NGO’s led by the Wildlife & Nature Protection Society and committed individuals, interested in the protection, preservation of an integral and holistic Sri Lanka, who stood their ground. To the great horror of the authorities concerned, this group of Sri Lankans, genuine protectors and lovers of their country, even offered to buy the resource themselves; for which there was a prompt, NO. Thankfully, it went underground, but there is nothing to stop the ‘Act’ from raising its head again, as many of the original players are back in the ring. Is the taking over of the Survey Department, the final step to facilitate the US Tropical Forest Act.

Are there more statements in the pipeline, or are they all part of a gigantic red herring that is expected to provide an umbrella to a more sinister process or agreement that is still unknown to the larger population, to be unexpectedly, pushed in under the door. Whatever the sinister move no one, neither politician, nor Prime Minister, nor President has the right to dispose of an asset that belongs to the innocent citizens of this country. It is their birthright. Such action is a violation of their basic human rights. The Sovereignty and territorial integrity of Sri Lanka is at stake.

A “Henegahana Aparadayak”.

 

Ashley de Vos

Punish bond thieves, recover stolen funds

January 23rd, 2017

Editorial Courtesy The Island

Police and security officers are on high alert to prevent robbers, wearing full-face helmets from staging bank heists. But, those who robbed the bank of the banks came in, donning three-piece suits and walked away with billions of rupees richer. They made a killing for themselves as well as their political masters through several bond scams. They are currently seen in the exalted company of yahapalana leaders advocating the rule of law! A man is said to be known by the company he keeps.

Had the UNP been able to secure the presidency on its own and secure a parliamentary majority in 2015 what the situation would have been is not difficult to guess; a high-level investigation into the bond scams would have had the same chance as a cat in hell. The government would have bulldozed its way through as its predecessors had done.

President Sirisena, while in the presidential race, made a solemn vow to eliminate the culture of bribery and corruption, impunity, waste, the abuse of power, nepotism etc and usher in good governance. The time has now come for him to act decisively on the bond scams without dilly-dallying or trying to please those who helped him win the last presidential election. He has, to his credit, not yielded to coalitional pressure on the question of bond thefts. He prevented the reappointment of former Governor Arjuna Mahendran and allowed the SLFP MPs to work according to their conscience. It was also thanks to him that there has been a damning COPE report on the bond scams.

It is heartening that President Sirisena has at long last declared that he will appoint a Special Presidential Commission of Inquiry this week to investigate the Central Bank bond scams which have cost the state coffers and the Employees’ Trust funds billions of rupees.

The government’s battle plan is clear. It wants a very weak case filed against the bond thieves in courts after a parliamentary debate on the issue so that the culprits can go scot free. The Attorney General’s Department decided against filing a criminal case in 2015 and suggested civil action instead. This file has since been shelved. The UNP is determined to go the whole hog to prevent the offenders from being thrown behind bars because they belong to the UNP’s ruling cabal.

The Constitutional Council (CC), a mere rubber stamp of the government, bobs up and down, sways and gyrates like a marionette. Packed with politicians and others who share a common political agenda and how it appointed the Attorney General and the IGP has left a very bad taste in many a mouth. The most eligible candidates for those posts were overlooked and others appointed for obvious reasons. The state prosecutor and the police chief cannot, therefore, be expected to act fairly in situations where the government’s very survival is threatened. The whole country witnessed the IGP’s servility when he answered a call from a minister at a public rally some weeks ago. The Financial Crimes Investigations Division (FCID), the CID and the Commission to Investigate Allegations of Bribery or Corruption (CIABOC) have lost their credibility owing to unbridled politicisation, which has crept in through political appointments to high posts in those institutions.

What needs to be done is not to rush the bond matter to courts solely on the basis of the COPE report which has been considerably weakened by footnotes inserted by the champions of good governance in the UNP in defence of former Central Bank Governor Mahendran and his son-in-law.

A presidential inquiry is called for to re-examine the COPE report and the findings of other inquiries before the bond thieves are formerly arraigned before courts so that there will be no room left for them to get away with their serious offence. A botched attempt by a group of concerned citizens to bring them to justice has already enabled them to make a false claim that the Supreme Court has cleared them.

The outcome of the proposed presidential inquiry will reveal whether what we have witnessed since the 2015 is yahapalana or the same old kleptocracy disguised as good governance. Somebody has rightly likened inquiries conducted by various committees to the process of a person relieving himself. They sit, deliberate for a while and then the matter is dropped with a report. We have seen this happen on several previous occasions.

President Sirisena is now in a position to deliver a politically smothered mate with the UNP badly cornered. It is hoped that the promised presidential inquiry will not be a political move on the part of the SLFP (Maithri) faction to tame the UNP, which is growing abrasive by the day and coerce it into fielding a common candidate again at the next presidential election as well. The UNP will not recover in the foreseeable future if the bond thieves are made to pay for their crime because they are sure to spill the beans thus ruining its leaders’ chances of facing the people again. It is going to be a case of Hobson’s choice for the UNP. However, should the President ever try to make the most of the situation politically instead of punishing the bond thieves and recovering EPF money and everything the state has lost due to the bond scams he would commit political hara-kiri.

QUITTING FROM DISCUSSIONS

January 23rd, 2017

Al l Ceylon Customs Service Union.

We oppose to abolish the Customs Ordinance and to enact a new Act with reasons. As soon as the minister presented the budget for the year 2016 with the proposal to enact a new Customs Act, we wrote to the president and pointed out the danger of abolishing the Customs Ordinance and requested him to remove the proposal (The copy attached).Thereafter when the trio; Mr Somarathne, Mr Weerasekara, Mr Kananathalingam; presented there draft proposal for a new Customs Act in June 2016, we again wrote to the president and requested him to intervene the matter.

In the meantime the Staff Officers’ Union, The Customs Superintendents Union and the Customs Officers’ union formed the ‘Customs Unions Unity’ and launched a campaign against abolishing the Customs Ordinance. We repeatedly requested them to include the rest of the unions too to the unity, but our request was turned down by some union leaders with harsh words like “We choose activities and anybody, who is willing to, can join them”

So we were forced to form a separate union unity to fight against abolishing the Customs Ordinance. That was how the “Reguwa Surakeeme Sanwidhanay” came into effect with the participation of four unions from Customs and one wharf union.  We started an awareness program aiming at the general public whose opinion is not in favor of us. We carried out an island wide poster campaign and distributed a leaflet too. We also had several press releases. Then we launched a petition signing campaign. But we could not accomplish it because some misled members within the unity itself abandoned it, complaining that we are working to a political agenda.

Though the petition signing campaign was a failure, it influenced the leaders of the Unions Unity to form a new unity called “Customs Trade Unions Alliance” including all unions in the Customs. So, forgetting about the bitter past, we joined the Customs Trade Union Alliance and did our best in the campaign against abolishing the Customs Ordinance. Then the work-to-rule campaign started and the minister offered discussions to the unions. The idea of the “symposium” forwarded from the unions and the minister grabbed it.

So we had two symposiums, including the customs administration, the trade unions and the stake holders in the Kingsbury hotel at the expense of the Customs Management fund. At the first symposium the stake holders were allowed to present their grievances. So they did. And at the second symposium their grievances were answered. We found that with several changes to the Customs Ordinance and some procedural changes would meet their grievances.

After about two months’ lapse we were invited for a two day workshop at the Galle Face hotel. With the invitation we were given a 94 page document written by the Customs Ordinance Amendment Committee appointed by the DG. The committee is comprised of six members and the document written by them has been named as “Proposal for a New Customs Act” .We got it on Tuesday and we had been asked to produced our proposals regarding the document two days prior to the workshop which was to be held on Saturday and Sunday. As we had no enough time even to read document in depth we went to the workshop empty handed and we were just on lookers there.

The entire workshop was handled by Mr. Raj Mohan and we found that the document was totally based on the new international Trade Facilitation Agreement (TFA) with the WTO. According to our knowledge WTO is a cat’s paw of the American imperialism that has been looting the countries like ours all around the world pushing billions of people to ignorance, hunger and death. We kindly request you to evaluate the disastrous effects the country has been undergoing due to the amendments made to the valuation chapters (51 & 52)  according to the WTO ‘s command.

Though the writers say their writing is a “historical document” we saw that some members of the panel itself raised their voice against certain proposals in it. The panel of writers had had no any idea about the results of the two symposiums held before.

While we were discussing all these contradictions among ourselves and preparing a detailed letter to the DGC, we got the invitation for today’s workshop. It of course is a command rather than an invitation.  The invitation letters’ heading contradicts with its’ content. While the heading says about a workshop to produce amendments to the customs ordinance the content says about the disagreed matters in the earlier workshops.

All these happenings made us ponder about these symposiums and workshops again and again. The Hon. Minister of Finance, having being crowned as “the best” in South Asia for borrowing 1500 billion dollars from the IMF (another cat’s paw of the American imperialism), must be in quite a hurry to show his loyalty to the American imperialism by removing the barriers they have due to the strong rulings in the Customs Ordinance and become ‘the best” (…?) in the world.

Therefore, taking all these into consideration,  our executive committee decided to quit these bogus discussions heading towards a new Customs Act that facilitate the racketeers to suck the country’s wealth and thrive themselves. We also decided to continue the campaign against abolishing the Customs Ordinance.

Thank you,

Yours faithfully
J.A Gunathilaka

Secretary
Al l Ceylon Customs Service Union.

Copies  The Minister of Finance.
All unions
All media

 

SLPA ,UDA,CEA,CCD ,RDA—HEADS AND MINISTERS DO NOT LISTEN TO INSTRUCTIONS FROM DEVELOPMENT COMMITTEES APPOINTED BY THE PRIME MINISTER AND FINANCE MINISTER ?

January 23rd, 2017

Dr Sarath Obeysekera

Myself  as an investor have  been called to  committees  run by Prime Minister , Finance Minister ,Advisor to Prime Minster to sort out many issues related to stalled progress of over 50 million $ worth investments which can  generate much income for the country  and generate employment

They are EODB (Ease of doing Business), CCEM ( Cabinet Committee for  Economic Development ),  OCEM  (Officials Committee on Economic Management ) where I was called in to discuss  and eradicate the stumbling blocks created by all the agencies  ,in order find solutions ..May be I have been one of the most frequent visitors of these forums ( Only solace is I have not yet been called to  FCID though I have a feeling that in it also imminent !!)

Initially ,heads of the agencies came for the meetings ,and now they keep sending some low level director or an officer to provide answers to the delays caused by the bureaucracy of these agencies .Sad thing is ,whoever  chairs these committees , ( PM ,FM or Top Advisors ) do not ask why the head of the agency does not come to the meetings to provide workable solutions.

When they call the item to be taken up at these weekly/monthly forums , first Question the Chair ask is Any one from SLPA or UDA or RDA?? Etc .They never ask the Question Where is the Head of the Agency to answer to the query of the Investor.

Few examples are as follows

All three committee have called SLPA ,RDA ,and UDA ,CCD to the meetings to solve issues for over two years about two projects in Galle ,.but so far no solutions offered .

Government should think seriously about these shortcomings and make serious changes to the way these committees are run (if they cannot improve the efficiency of the Agencies mentioned above)

Dr Sarath Obeysekera

Info on, Global Health & U.S. Elections/Macroeconomics, 2016

January 23rd, 2017

Sunil Wimalawansa

The macroeconomic issues (e.g., trade) are poorly handed by many south Asian countries, including successive governments in Sri Lankan.  This seems to be getting worse in recent years, leading to increasing weakening of local currency and increasing debt.  The latter further increases the cost of borrowing and loan payments to creditors, and credit ratings.

This is exemplified by the several unwise macroeconomic decisions made the government, poorly prepared national budgets, central bank issue(s), and giving away the prime- and strategic-land to China that will have lasting and serious long-term consequences.

It is time that the S/L government be top of the incoming new wave of globalization and trade shakeups,” soon to be instigated by the new U.S. government.  While these will be made to protect the national interest (America First” agenda), it will have bilateral trade consequences (negative for Sri Lanka).  If S/L wishes to negate the worsening economic situation (and reverting to a developing” country status), it must play its cards strategically; following the same old wouldn’t help.

NATO is essential for the time being for the global peace, especially with increasing threats from Russia and brewing issues in North Korea and Iran.  It is highly unlikely that Trump administration will dump the NATO.  He is a businessman, positioning himself [US] to negotiate with a stronger position to increase contributions from each of 27 NATO alliance member country (seems fair), so that the US contributions can be reduced by ~$20 billion.  Currently U.S. is contributing over 32% of the NATO budget ($48 billion/year).  U.S. however, cannot ignore the critically important contributions (support troops) made by NATO countries (especially U.K. and Germany) in Afghanistan.

Theme is, “American First;” [it serves and gain first], is a nationalistic view that is going to SPREAD across the Europe in coming years.

Please find the following two URLs providing information published during the past 4-weeks (mostly related U.S.) but applicable to SL, particularly to the healthcare.

A). Global Health and Social Issues (will expand with few more articles):

https://www.linkedin.com/today/author/0_2WW_7KGt9LjotCBqA_ZZLE?trk=prof-sm

B). 2016-United States Elections, Economy and the Future:

http://www.slguardian.org/bookclub/successes-failure/

[parts 13th through 18th covers issues related to Obamacare and replacement solutions (some of these concepts are relevant to Sri Lanka).

Regarding Arjuna Mahendran acting as an advisor to the Finance Ministry

January 23rd, 2017

Anti-Corruption Front (ACF)

Anti-Corruption Front (ACF) wrote to President Maithripala Sirisena today (23) demanding him to prevent controversial former governor of the Central Bank Arjuna Mahendran from attending meetings at the Ministry of Finance. ACF states that Mahendran is a regular attendee of the meeting the Finance Minister holds every Tuesday and Thursday with Governor of the Central Bank Indrajit Coomaraswamy, Dr. R H S Samaratunga, Secretary to the Treasury, and R. Paskaralingam, Advisor to the Ministry of National Policies and Economic Affairs and advises Coomaraswamy on decisions that should be taken by the Monetary Board.

His Excellency President Maithripala Sirisena,
President of the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka,
President’s Secretariat,
Colombo 01.

January 23, 2016

Your Excellency,

Regarding Arjuna Mahendran acting as an advisor to the Finance Ministry

We are extremely grateful of your decision to appoint a ‘Special Presidential Commission of Inquiry this week to investigate the Central Bank bond issue and recommend actions.’ However former Governor of the Central Bank, Arjuna Mahendran, who faces serious allegations regarding the controversial Treasury bond scam, currently acts as an advisor to the Ministry of Finance on the Central Bank.

Mahendran is a regular attendee of the meeting the Finance Minister holds every Tuesday and Thursday with Governor of the Central Bank Indrajit Coomaraswamy, Dr. R H S Samaratunga, Secretary to the Treasury, and R. Paskaralingam, Advisor to the Ministry of National Policies and Economic Affairs. When Coomaraswamy was appointed Governor of the Central Bank this meeting was held each Monday and Thursday at 5 pm on July, August and September. The dates later changed to Tuesday and Thursday and the last meeting was held on January 6, 2017 at 11 am.

During that meeting Mahendran advised Coomaraswamy on the decisions that should be taken by the Monetary Board, which is a violation of the Banking Act.

This is a disastrous situation and we believe that you must show your commitment to good governance by action and not by mere words.

Your Excellency, if Mahendran is still in a position to advise and influence the Monetary Board, the people of Sri Lanka will surely think that the Special Presidential Commission of Inquiry which you will appoint will be another ploy to buy time. Thus we sincerely believe that you would immediately prevent Mahendran from communicating with the Treasury as a coordinator to the Ministry of Finance.

Yours sincerely,

Ven Ulapone Sumangala Thera,                       Rajith Keerthi Tennakoon,
Chairman – ACF                                                    Advisor – ACF

Coal industry mafia sacked me

January 23rd, 2017

BY CHARMINDA RODRIGO Courtesy Ceylon Today

Former Chairman of Lanka Coal (Pvt.) Ltd Maithri Gunerathna said, “Just a week ago Lanka Coal (PVT) Ltd (LCL) floated the tender to purchase 2.2 million tons of coal for 2017. It was obvious that keeping me in the position would cause a serious effect on their income. So I was sacked”.
Excerpts:

?You were removed from the chairmanship of Lanka Coal (PVT) Ltd (LCL) last week. What were the reasons behind this drastic decision?

A: There were serious allegations in connection with the purchase of coal during the Mahinda Rajapaksa regime. The election manifesto of President Maithripala Sirisena had pledged to streamline the purchasing mechanism of the government, especially coal, to make it more transparent than what it was before. For some reason or the other the President chose me as the Chairman and Minister Champika Ranawaka appointed me to the post. When a new minister was appointed to the Ministry of Power and Energy in August 2016, the President insisted that I should stay on as the Chairman of LCL. From the time I started my work , I had to clean the stables. There were no proper regulations or procedures in place for purchasing coal. I adopted a 360° approach when discharging my duties. I had discussions with my staff as well as the suppliers. I paid attention to all their comments and feedback to set the procedures right to achieve the organizational objectives. I suggested that we should go for ‘pre-bid’ meetings, so that it would give an opportunity for suppliers to raise all their concerns before they furnish the bid documents.

?There was much concern about the recent coal tender. What was the reason behind it?

A: The recent tender too was done in the same way. Eight parties were competing in the tender, out of which four suppliers were rejected by the Technical Evaluation Committee. I wrote a letter to the Treasury to draw their attention to the fact that this should be an inclusive tender. I got the approval to include two more contenders and increased the number of bidders to six. Tenders should always be open to many. Under normal circumstances the competition tends to bring the price down in tenders. However, I have observed that there were manipulations to limit the number of bidders. All this is done out of design. The process itself needed an overhauling. I took some drastic action to rectify it.

?What was the procedure followed in this tender?

A: LCL merely acts as a post box. We call for tenders and the specifications are set by the line ministry. We collect the bid documents. We collect any other documents which should be furnished along with the tender. Then we submit the entire set of documents to the Technical Evaluation Committee (TEC) for their perusal. We have no stake in the process of the TEC. The process is designed in such a way to preserve transparency in its conduct.

?Who appoints members to the TEC?

A: Members to the TEC are appointed by the line ministry comprising members from various institutions such as the Ceylon Electricity Board (CEB), Lanka Coal and Ministry of Power and Energy. It comprises specialists in the subject area. All of them are State employees. There is no fault surfacing in connection with the process.

?What happened after the TEC filed their report?

A: Once the TEC completes its evaluation process, the final report is submitted to the Special Cabinet Appointed Procurement Committee (SCAPC). The SCAPC has to provide the reasons if they intend to reverse the decision of the TEC.

?Who sets the specifications when tendering coal procurement?

A: Ceylon Electricity Board (CEB) decides the quality standard of the fuel they intend to purchase. We have no involvement in that process.

?So whats the issue in this particular tender?

A: In this tender Nobel Resources (Pvt.) Ltd, a company which supplied coal during the previous regime has also participated. They were the lowest bidder. Having participated, evaluated and pronounced as the lowest bidder they were called by the SCAPC for a discussion. So the company officials had gone to meet the SCAPC and reclaimed their right to claim. SCAPC had proposed to negotiate the bid even after all the formalities had been fulfilled. After the meeting SCAPC remained silent for two weeks.
In the meantime, the fifth lowest bidder wrote directly to SCAPC, especially to the Secretary of the Ministry, requesting to amend the specifications to accommodate his bid. This is a tender called as per the specifications set by the CEB and the entire work had been already done to award it to the lowest bidder. So a directive had been issued to the TEC to re-evaluate the tender without paying respect to two conditions out of the required specifications.

So the TEC initiates another round of evaluation upon the directive of the secretary and determines the earlier 5th lowest bidder’s bid as the lowest. All this is done when a tender process is underway.

?Has the tender been cancelled or recalled withstanding the change in re-evaluation criteria?

A: All this is done when the tender process is going on. Also SCAPC’s discussion with the lowest supplier has not reached a conclusion.

SCAPC got a letter on Friday from the 5th lowest bidder to change the criteria. The secretary ordered the TEC to disregard two conditions and rerun the process. TEC reverted to the final report on Tuesday of the consequent week and awarded the tender to the earlier 5th highest bidder on Thursday. All this takes only six days to process. In the meantime the rigmarole was going on and I got a letter. I think by mistake with the SCAPC minutes in connection to change of criteria in evaluation. I wrote to them in a letter on 2 July 2015, requesting not to deviate from the procedure for the simple reason that it is against the State procurement guidelines. Clause No 5.5 of the bid document very clearly states that the bidders cannot influence any official or process. This is against the all known procedures in procuring. I stressed the fact that this could bring a grave disrepute to the government.

?Was this letter sent before entering the final decision?

A: Yes, well before the decision was taken and I copied the same letter to all the members of the SCAPC.

?Whats the difference between the bid values submitted to LCL?

A: The amount quoted by the 5th highest bidder was US$10 higher than price quoted by the lowest bidder per ton.

?What happened afterwards?

A: They disregarded my opinion and complained to then Minister of Power and Energy Champika Ranawaka, that “Chairman of LCL is writing unnecessary letters”. The minister discussed with me in this regard. I requested him to keep LCL in light always when drafting Cabinet papers in this regard and also explained to him the deceitfulness of the officials of his own ministry. However, the tender was awarded to the earlier 5th lowest bidder.

Afterwards, all the other bidders have gone to the Procurement Appeal Board (PAB) of the President to lodge a complaint against the manipulation. PAB recommends the Cabinet to immediately cancel the tender and re-announce it internationally after making certain changes to the bid document, if necessary.

Shockingly the higher officials of the ministry submit a Cabinet Paper without paying any attention to the recommendations of the PAB or my ardent request to Minister Champika Ranawaka.

The bidders have later on resorted to the Supreme Court to seek justice to their plea of deprivation.

?The final report of the Auditor General on this subject states under Section 92 that necessary actions have not been taken to support the Cabinet when the ministers have entered the decision?

A: LCL does not deal with the Cabinet. We always go through the proper channel which is the Secretary of the Ministry. The observation has no relevance to LCL.

?Can you say the ministry officials have acted mala-fide during the process?

A: Yes of course. They have manipulated the process for very suspicious reasons.

?What was the SCs view on the matter?

A: The SC had carefully studied the case in full. The Bench presided over by the Chief Justice had pronounced a strong judgment against the Cabinet decision taken with respect to the misleading facts submitted to them when obtaining the approval.

?Has the official honoured the judgment of the SC?

A: Not at all. That’s why they have pulled the strings to remove me from my position. The letter I sent to the members of the SCAPC had been re-produced along with the judgment due to the validity of the points I made to the members of the SCAPC. The judgment very clearly states SCAPC is going about with the request made by the 5th highest bidder without cancelling the bid as per Section 5.5 of the bid document was an over utilizing its power and a palpable error.

The SC had directed the third respondent that is the chairman of the LCL may terminate the contract to award the tender to the earlier 5th highest bidder. The officials have clung on to the word ‘may’ and later sought the opinion of the Attorney General (AG) to interpret the judgment delivered by the SC.

The counsel at the AG’s Department cannot interpret the judgment of the SC, but the SC itself. However, the Attorney General’s Department instructs to further retain the tender awarded to the 5th lowest bidder until such period and consequently to conduct a fresh tender.

?What was the decision of the Cabinet?

A: The minister opposes this decision at the Cabinet and in response the Prime Minister directs the issue to the Cabinet Economic Subcommittee. I received a Cabinet decision simultaneously directing me to award the tender to the 5th lowest bidder, with two clauses included in the specifications not regarded during the TEC process. As the Chairman of LCL I complied with the Cabinet decision and simultaneously complained the flaws of the decision. I had the courage to do the right thing and put all these in my letter sent to the relevant authorities.

?So, what paved the way to your removal?

A: Just a week ago LCL floated the tender to purchase 2.2 million tons of coal for 2017. So it is obvious that keeping me in the position would cause serious effect to their income. So I was sacked.

?Dont you think the specifications of a commodity should be evolved as per the industry condition?

A: Yes. But in this instance it was done during a tender. It is the duty of the CEB to set the new standards after a careful study.

?In the report the Auditor General says, “The transportation of coal should be tendered to preserve the transparency”. What does this mean?

A: This is partially correct. The Cabinet had taken a decision to sublet all the transportation activities to Ceylon Shipping Lines (CSL) since it is a government subsidiary. We suggested calling for tenders on CIF and FOB basis. We requested the bidders to match the price of CIF in freight and barging. We still gave the shipping to CSL.

?What made the officials to have a grudge against you?

A: I did all this with honest intentions. However, we should understand there is a mafia operating in the industry. They tried to single me out when I was a threatening obstacle in their eyes. They have humiliated me by publicly stating that I have affiliations to Nobel Resources (Pvt) Ltd. There were some adverse statements made in Parliament by some members. Since I have never got a ‘Nobel Price’ it does not affect me.

?Are you a board member of the Nobel Resources (Pvt) Ltd?

A: Not at all. I have no affiliation to any of the suppliers. This is a story the people who wanted to remove me spread.

Sri Lanka: The Shape of Things to Come

January 23rd, 2017

 By Dr. Sinha RajaTammita-Delgoda  Courtesy The Island

” An Edited version of this was Published by the Diplomat Magazine, January 20, 2017″

“We’re not the same guys who used to tell you various things and then forget about it three days later,” ..

“We want the world to know that we’re different—that we’re going to do what we say we’re doing.”

Dr. Harsha de Silva, National Geographic Magazine (November 2016)

Politics is shaped by the ability to deliver. So is the future. It is all about doing and achieving, ‘doing what you say what you say you are going to do,’ to paraphrase Dr. Harsha de Silva, Sri Lanka’s current Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs. It is not about good intentions, it is about getting results. It is not about pleasing outsiders and being liked by them; ultimately it is about keeping your own people happy, satisfying their aspirations, reassuring them, protecting them and advancing their interests. This is the fundamental truth that is beginning to dawn on Sri Lanka’s body politic.

Led by President Maithripala Sirisena, Prime Minister Ranil Wickremesinghe, and former President Chandrika Bandarananaike Kumatunga, the ruling UNP –SLFP coalition government has now been in power for exactly two years. This government has been welcomed, even celebrated abroad, earning glowing praise from the USA, the European Union, India and the western media for its good intentions and heartfelt commitments to human rights, minority concerns, democracy and transparency. At home however, these plaudits have failed to cut much ice and the administration’s achievements are now the subject of fierce debate. There is now a deep groundswell of dissatisfaction, discontent and disillusionment with the present, combined with deep unease about the future.

“Two years ago everyone I met said they had voted for a change, for Yahapalanaya, for this ‘Good Governance’ government. Now I can hardly find anyone who says that they did. People are asking what kind of change have we got? ”

Sisira had been driving a bus for the last 15 years. Although he was from the deep south, from ‘Rajapaksha country,’ he had voted against them in the last two elections.

“Now look! I wish I had never done it. Nothing is happening! Two years later they are still saying it is Mr. Mahinda’s fault. Development ? What development? The only things they are doing are the things that he started.”

As recently as a year ago the social media was obsessed with the misdeeds of the Rajapaksas. Since then the focus has changed. It is no longer about the Rajapaksas. It is full of the shortcomings of ‘Yahapalanaya” and its leaders and their inability to deliver the ‘Good Governance’ (Yahapalanaya) they had promised.

The themes which characterize the Sinhala media and social media are particularly revealing. This narrative sees an administration conducting witch hunts, exhuming dead bodies, locking up and then releasing Rajapaksas, remanding Buddhist monks for keeping elephants, attacking disabled soldiers and releasing convicted terrorists, welcoming former terrorist organizations and praising former terrorist leaders.

The sight of distinguished soldiers and service commanders, men esteemed throughout the country as war heroes, being regularly dragged into court and sometimes kept in cells has become a familiar spectacle. Recently both the former navy commander and the former army commander found themselves confronted with allegations of fraud, corruption and abuse of power. In the public mind this seems to have become a feature of “Yahapalanaya,” a feature so politically damaging that President Sirisena found himself forced to repudiate the actions taken by the Bribery and Corruption Commission.

One of the rallying cries of the new government was reconciliation. This now threatens to boomerang. Despite the overtures which have been made, all the signs suggest that neither the Tamil diaspora nor the Tamil community in the north have renounced the language of separatism. Towards the end of November 2016 hundreds gathered to celebrate the birth anniversary of slain terrorist leader Velupillai Prabhakaran. This was despite the government’s warning that action would be taken against anyone trying to take part in the event. The month before there had been a series of sword attacks by former LTTE cadres on policemen and security officials. This was said to be in retaliation for a shooting incident where two Tamil youths were killed by police. Earlier still, in July, ten students had to be hospitalized and the Jaffna University closed after Sinhala students were attacked during induction ceremonies. The cause of the violence was said to be the use of “Sinhala” cultural rituals during the ceremony.

The effect of this has been compounded by the tone and nature of statements by Tamil leaders. While placating voters in the north, the signal they send throughout the rest of the country is very different. On the eve of the new year, the UNP found itself having to disavow a statement by its State Minister for Child Affairs , Vijayakala Maheswaran, who praised the leadership of Prabhakaran, before reiterating the benefits of the ‘good governance’ government.

“Compared to all of our presidents none could hold a candle to Prabhakaran’s leadership.”

The message this sends is that Government writ does not run in the north, that separatism is alive and well and that the administration is acquiescent, if not compliant. Reconciliation ultimately means the bringing together of opposing factions or communities, to ensure lasting stability and harmony. Although minority rights and issues have been promoted with great vigour, there is little evidence that the gap between the Sinhala majority and the Tamil minority in the north is being bridged; if anything it appears that the rift is widening.

In the current discourse, animal welfare has also become an emotive political issue. In the wake of the new government, numerous campaigns have sprung up against the use of elephants in peraheras (Buddhist religious processions). The elephant has been part of Buddhist culture and tradition for millennia and these campaigns have stirred up strong feelings. Pressure from activists has also led to Buddhist monks being remanded for allegedly ill treating elephants. While English social media highlights the rescue of elephants from malnourishment and ill treatment: Sinhala social media perceives an onslaught on its time honoured traditions by foreigners and non Buddhists. The result is to stoke widespread murmurings and deep suspicion, once again intensifying the fissures in Sri Lankan society.

These suspicions were voiced by no less a figure than the High Priest of Gangaramaya, the most influential Buddhist temple in Colombo. Speaking on the eve of Colombo’s spectacular Navam Perahera, the Venerable Galaboda Gnanissara warned of the threat to Buddhism.

“I can see that some powerful groups which are spending dollars and talking about cruelty to animals are slowly winning. Let us all join hands to rescue this country from the NGOs”

What makes these words so significant is that the prelate is a stalwart of the United National Party, with longstanding ties to Ranil Wickremesinghe and his family.

The new constitution proposed by the UNP has tended to intensify these fears and misgivings. Although lauded by civil society figures, western governments and foreign commentators, it has only heightened the abiding suspicion that the government intends to do away with the central place which Buddhism has occupied in Sri Lanka’s society for over 2,000 years.

On the third day of the new year the Reconciliation Task Force appointed by Prime Minister Wickremesinghe presented its final report to former President Chandrika Bandaranaike Kumaratunga in the presence of External Affairs Minister Mangala Samaraweera. The Task Force was set up in 2016 to inquire into the events of the Eelam War and to seek accountability, truth, reparations for the victims. From the very beginning, the nature and composition of this Task Force came in for intense criticism. Dominated by foreign funded NGO and minority activists, the Task Force has been condemned from many sides for being one sided and deeply unrepresentative. Its conclusions could be a ticking time bomb. The Report calls for Special Courts and a Special Prosecutor’s office, with foreign participation as judges and prosecutors. It is significant that both the Prime Minister and President chose to absent themselves from the final ceremony.

Sri Lanka’s army has never been seen as a voting block. As a result its potential has never been fully analyzed. Although now trimmed to some 160,000 personnel, in 2010, shortly after the end of the war, the Sri Lanka armed forces had 200,000 men on active duty; between 20,000-40,000 reservists and 18,000 national guardsmen, nearly 250,000 in total. Combined with extended families, social and kinship groups, this could amount to as many as a million voters drawn from every part of the country. Overwhelmingly Sinhala and overwhelmingly Buddhist, it represents a silent block of highly trained, educated and politically conscious voters, with ties and connections into every walk of society. The idea that this section of society could now be held accountable by foreign judges and prosecutors is inflammatory and potentially explosive. For Sirisena and Wickremesinghe, it is an electoral disaster waiting to happen.

Politically, all these actions could be deeply counter-roductive. They will not win votes, they only will lose them. For good or for ill, the UNP as the principal driver in the government will receive the greatest share of the blame. In striving to please its international backers and satisfy its urban and minority constituencies, the UNP could alienate a large part of its traditional support.

Despite wholehearted support from the minorities, the support of a substantial segment of the majority was a critical factor in the downfall of Mahinda Rajapkasa and the rise of the “Yahapalanaya” government. In the 2015 Presidential Election, statistics show that 40.96 per cent of the Sinhalese community voted for Sirisena and the UNP combine. This percentage proved crucial, giving the floating voter a vital say in electorates across the country. The last two elections saw large chunks of Rajapaksa’s constituency drift away, some did not even vote. There is the danger of the same thing happening to the UNP. The signs suggest that the floating voter has now well and truly crossed back and is biding his time.

Overhanging all of this is the spectacular and massive corruption of the Central Bank Bond scandal which has dogged every step the government has taken. Rumoured to have cost the country between 35-45 billion rupees, the greatest loss of all has been trust and confidence. In one fell swoop, it has undermined the government’s stand on corruption and transparency, depriving it of one of its principal weapons against the Rajapaksas. The fact that this has cost the country as much as any of the “financial crimes” perpetuated by the previous regime has been well and truly driven home. What is just as damaging is the man held responsible, the former Governor, Arjuna Mahendran, was handpicked by the Prime Minister and then defended by him until the very end.

Although President Sirisena is now frequently attacked for appearing weak and ineffective, it is widely accepted that he is a “son of the soil.” The Prime Minister in contrast, born, bred and educated in Colombo, has never shaken off the perception that somehow he doesn’t quite fit. This has left him vulnerable to recurrent accusations that he is the pawn of foreign interests, a man who does not have the national interest at heart.

This perception has not been helped by his plans for an “economic union” with India, especially South India. In October 2016 Mineka Wickramasingha, former Chairman of Ceylon Biscuits Limited, warned of the dangers of the Economic and Technology Cooperation Agreement with India(ETCA). One of the first Sri Lankan companies to set up a manufacturing business in India, Ceylon Biscuits was forced to close down its operations in India due to the hidden taxes, tariff barriers and administrative opposition that it encountered.

“They cannot buy our quality goods … thus there is a huge trade imbalance …

Today, the government seems to be doing what India exactly wants. If India asks the government to turn left, it will act accordingly –

The government must be loyal to its people, not to foreigners.”

A pioneering entrepreneur and a highly respected figure in Sri Lankan business circles, Wickramasingha reflects the deep seated unease which lies just beneath the surface. For all the talk of transparency, pillars of the business community are now quite open in their dissatisfaction. They point to several factors, the lack of direction and consistency, coupled with a crippling failure to deliver, compounded by an even more crippling perception of being ineffective.

In the last three years of the Rajapaksa regime, economic growth was high, ranging from 7- 8.5%. Since then the momentum has been mostly downward and the best that Sri Lanka can hope for in 2017 would be about 4.5%. The country is struggling to cope with the massive debt incurred by the previous regime and there is mounting pressure for the rupee to depreciate against the dollar. Without sufficient foreign exchange reserves, Sri Lanka may not be able to avoid a massive depreciation of the rupee and the runaway inflation that could go with it. Coupled with all the other factors at play, it will only fuel the deepening discontent.

The underlying currents are very clear. Despite the stream of accusations, interrogations, inquiries and arrests, the Sirisena- Wickremesinghe administration has been unable to drive its advantage home. Seeking scapegoats and conducting witch hunts, it has only succeeded in generating sympathy, resurrecting a damaged and discredited dynasty.

Despite all the dents of the last two years Mahinda Rajapaksa’s charisma and political appeal continues to endure. However, under the constitution, he cannot return as President. His legacy has also been tarnished by electoral failure. The silent figure in the equation is Gotabaya Rajapaksa. His Facebook site, entitled New Hopes Rising, looks to the future and hints at a new dawn. A powerful political force, in the public mind Gotabaya Rajapaksha represents achievement and doing, a man ‘who will do what he says going to do.’ In the heartland, people are waiting for a change. Towards the end of 2014 the Rajapaksas were the past. Now they could be the future.

In 1933 H.G Wells speculated on the course of the future in his novel The Shape of Things to Come. For Sri Lanka at the beginning of 2017, the shape of things to come seems very clear. It has only to be decided.

Talks between Mahinda and President’s proxies fail Possible pact ahead of LG, PC polls

January 23rd, 2017

Courtesy The Island


Former President and Kurunegala District MP Mahinda Rajapaksa has indicated that there couldn’t be a consensus between his grouping and the SLFP under the present circumstances.

Former President Rajapaksa has declared that his grouping wouldn’t accept any arrangement at the expense of the party against the backdrop of the SLFPers in government pursuing an agenda inimical to the party.

The SLFP-led Joint Opposition comprises nearly 50 elected members of parliament whereas the parliamentary group loyal to President Maithripala Sirisena is comparatively smaller. Recently Priyankara Jayaratne quit President Sirisena’s camp.

The former president reiterated his position at a meeting with Chief Ministers of six SLFP led UPFA run Provincial Councils at his official residence at Wijerama Mawatha yesterday.

article_image

Political sources told The Island that Chief Ministers had the blessings of President Maithripala Sirisena, who is also the leader of the SLFP to explore ways and means of reaching an agreement with the former President ahead of the forthcoming local government polls as well as elections to three Provincial Councils.

Chief Ministers want the former President to abandon plans to field separate lists at local government and Provincial Councils polls on the Sri Lanka Podujana Peramuna ticket.

Sources said that yesterday’s talks had entered inconclusively and there was absolutely no likelihood of an understanding in the near future. They emphasized that the Joint Opposition would go ahead with the planned Nugegoda rally meant to intensify pressure on the Sirisena-Wickremesinghe administration.

At the conclusion of talks with top Joint Opposition team, Central Provincial Council Chief Minister Sarath Ekanayake told the media they hadn’t been able to reach an agreement.

Chief Minister of the North Central Province Peshala Jayaratne skipped the meeting.

Among those present there on the invitation of the former President were Prof. G.L. Peiris, Prasanna Ranatunga, MP, Bandula Gunawardena, MP, Johnston Fernando, MP, Mahinda Yapa Abeywardena, MP and Gamini Lokuge.

 

 

Recollecting the declaration made by President Maithripala Sirisena on the eve of Aug 2015 parliamentary polls that his predecessor wouldn’t be named the Prime Minister, a top JO spokesman Prof. G.L. Peiris told The Island that a despicable attempt was being made to deceive them again. Prof. Peiris said that the JO felt they couldn’t contest either local government or Provincial Council polls together as long as the SLFP remained in the ruling coalition.

 

 

 

During yesterday’s talks, the former President reminded Chief Ministers how he was hounded by the present leadership in spite of him going back to Medamulana immediately after his defeat.

Congratulations US President Donald Trump for an inspiring & patriotic inaugural address & declaring war on Wahhabism – den of ‘Radical Islam’

January 22nd, 2017

Shenali D Waduge

 On 20th January 2015 the world witnessed an historic inaugural address. It was the shortest speech since 1977. President Donald Trump was sworn in as the 45th President of the United States of America. He did not follow standard rhetoric, it was full of emotion and patriotism and never forgot the people who supported him. He stood with the people and pointed fault at the establishment whose former leaders were seated behind him. He chastised all those around him – We will no longer accept politicians who are all talk and no action, constantly complaining but never doing anything about it,” His America First was echoed in the lines Every decision on trade, on taxes, on immigration, on foreign affairs will be made to benefit American workers and American families. We must protect our borders from the ravages of other countries making our products, stealing our companies and destroying our jobs.” We will rediscover our loyalty to each other,” he said. When you open your heart to patriotism, there is no room for prejudice.” Trump takes over an Obama legacy that has added nearly $8 trillion to the national debt, adding nearly $900 billion in costs to the economy and 8 years of over 3000 regulations. The national debt increased from more than $10.6 trillion in January 2009 to $19.6 trillion at the end of fiscal year 2016. There is much that Sri Lanka needs to take from this speech.

The speech was historic for several reasons. When Ronald Reagan took oaths in 1981 his speech centred around taxes and the deficit, the role of government, and freedom, when George Bush Senior took oaths in 1989 his speech was on democracy and freedom, the Soviet Union, and the deficit, when Bill Clinton took oaths in 1993 his theme was American renewal, democracy and the collapse of communism, and global commerce, George Bush in 2001 spoke of poverty, America’s allies and enemies, and community and when Obama took office in 2009 his theme was wars overseas, the economy and health care. Donald Trump took a different turn – his speech centred around transferring power back to the people, making America Great Again, and not imposing America’s will on other nations. What truly matters is not which party controls our government, but whether our government is controlled by the people. Jan. 20, 2017 will be remembered as the day the people became the rulers of this nation again.” From this day forward, a new vision will govern our land. From this day forward, it’s going to be only America first, America first.” Every decision on trade, on taxes, on immigration, on foreign affairs will be made to benefit American workers and American families. We must protect our borders from the ravages of other countries making our products, stealing our companies and destroying our jobs.” It was a speech full of populist undertones. It reminded of Reagan’s signature lines Government is not the solution to our problem; government is the problem.” It was the most AMERICAN speech any President has delivered. It was also a speech that for the first time sidelined and mentioned a specific religious segment of people vowing to defeat them. How many of Sri Lanka’s leaders can match this?

President Trump echoed what leaders of other nations should themselves be declaring

The forgotten men and women of our country will be forgotten no longer. Everyone is listening to you now.”

What the Sinhala majority in Sri Lanka can share with President Trump is that he was voicing the sentiments of the majority of the populace who had begun to feel cornered, left out, pushed out with the whims and fancies of immigrants taking over. This was what led to Brexit and what has infused the rise in nationalistic sentiments across Europe.

In taking the side of the American people, President Trump must also understand and empathize with the fact that Sri Lanka was never Sri Lanka until 1972, and Ceylon was never Ceylon until the colonial rulers named it so and this island nation was for thousands of years known as Sinhale/Sinhaladweepa. Obviously if anyone today is ignorant of this fact, it is the fault of the education system and politicians who have not made this very clear to the citizens.

The primordial identity of the island is Sinhalese and the state religion on which the foundation of the civilization was built was Buddhist. There is no Sri Lankan identity because there is no language to identify Sri Lanka with. Sinhale identity is identified by the Sinhalese language and Buddhist religion. These facts are hard to swallow for some which is why they are trying out all types of tricks and manoevres to remove the place of Buddhism in the constitution and replace it with ‘Buddhist philosophy’ which can be interpreted as anyone likes. The foundation of a country is not an experiment in exercise by a handful of people dabbling in words plugging in terms and conditions with the sole intent to wipe out Buddhism. The emphasis Trump afforded to God & Christianity in turn solidifies the argument that the Buddhist heritage of the island cannot be changed or diluted.

This was the first occasion that a US President in his inaugural address identified a religious extremist group. He has assured to wipe out radical Islam. It would be good for him to openly name that radical Islam – British created Wahhabi Islam with the dual role of dividing the Muslims and creating hatred for Muslims among non-Muslims.

The American people are too angered that their hinterland is being infiltrated and they are being made to take the back seat. This radical Islam is funded to cause dissent. Growing numbers of Americans and even Europeans are openly coming out in anger against rising numbers of mosques as symbols of power which are being built next door to traditional historical institutions and these entities use all the fundamental rights terminologies to demand their right to disturb proceedings. The message they deliver is quite simple we are powerful because of our money – stop us if you can – we dare you to”.

George Friedman says that Trump took the side of people who had been silenced by a false notion of ‘political correctness’ and were angry that they could not articulate traditional values and cultures they had been taught as children and passed down from generation.

Sinhalese majority has much to share with the American and European majority.

Let the Trump administration take note that Trump is a natural ally of the Sinhala Buddhists for these reasons and let us also remind that the majority of Tamils openly supported Hillary, and Tamil political leaders going so far as to break over 1000 coconuts to appease the Gods and appeal to the Gods to bring her to power.

No doubt he has taken a leaf from Norman Vincent Peale Change your mental habits to belief instead of disbelief,” and Trump’s speech was full of positive thinking. The backdrop to his buy American and hire American.” were simple statistics – in 2000, US had 17.18 million manufacturing jobs. In 2016, the number was down to 12.28 million manufacturing jobs (Bureau of Labor Statistics)

Some statistics

  • When Barack Obama entered the White House, the U.S. government was 10.6 trillion dollars in debt.  Today, the U.S. national debt is currently sitting at a staggering total of $19,842,173,949,869.58.
  • Republicans now hold the presidency, both houses of Congress, 33 governorships and control of both legislature chambers in 32 states
  • Democrats only control both legislature chambers in just 13 states.
  • percentage of families that own a house dropped from 67.5 percent, when President Obama first took office in January 2009, to 62.9 percent in November 2016
  • as of November 2016 – 5.5 million unfilled job openings — double the number in the month Obama took office in 2009.
  • Nearly 7 out of every 10 Americans have less than $1,000 in savings.  That means that about two-thirds of the country is essentially living paycheck to paycheck at this moment.
  • 46.5 Million on food stamps – 13m have joined since 2009
  • 5.5 Million fallen into poverty since Obama became President in 2009 (US Census)
  • 401,000 construction jobs/ 321,000 manufacturing jobs lost since Obama became President (US Labor Bureau)

With the inauguration behind him, Trump is now challenged to put words into action. Saying he’s anti-establishment is one thing but actually putting together a team and a plan that is ready to challenge the system that has grown in itself is a whole new piece of cake. We understand that it is not an easy endeavor and we should not expect miracles but we do want to see action especially in the areas of foreign policy.

US will “not go abroad in search of enemies,”

US will be always happy when old enemies become friends, and when old friends become allies.”

We do not seek to impose our way of life on anyone, but rather to let it shine as an example for everyone to follow,”

Nobel Peace laureate Barak Obama dropped 26,171 bombs in 2016 alone – 93 percent, or 24,287 of them, fell on Iraq and Syria while the rest were on 5 other countries – Afghanistan, Libya, Pakistan, Yemen, Somalia. Even after promising to deliver democracy to both Iraq & Libya after getting rid of their ‘dictators’ both countries are worse off than they were under their supposed ‘dictators’. Excessive bombing of nations, creating fleeing citizens, importing jihadists and arming them have created more enemies than the US would like to count. It is in the backdrop of this that Trumps words that US would in future not seek to impose US way of life on anyone by force is welcome.

From the spectrum of positively taking President Trumps policy statements in placing AMERICA FIRST and concentrating on building up America and Americans before setting out to deliver democracy to the world will certainly make America Great Again and in turn will make the Rest of the World will then proudly follow.

Sri Lanka’s present leaders have much to take from President Trumps speech. We too want to see our leaders put our Island first and assure to protect its historical past and identity while not caving in to the whims and fancies of external parties out to cut a proud nation to pieces. We do not vote for leaders willing to follow the policy of appeasement.

Shenali D Waduge

Sinhala Buddhists should rise as one against writing a new Constitution

January 22nd, 2017

By Charles.S.Perera

The  so called Yahapalanaya government which had been deceiving the people of this country ever since Maithripala Sirisena was elected President of Sri Lanka on the 8th January,2015, has no right what so ever to precipitate to write a Constitution for Sri Lanka.

Today the people of Sri Lanka are divided as they had never been before. The Tamil terrorists have been eliminated but they have reappeared in another form-Wigneswaran, TNA and the Tamil Diaspora-the three evils ”, to be an important supportive group of the Sirisena Ranil Yahapalanaya Government. This Sirisena Ranil government will do any thing , make any sacrifice to retain the support of the three evils”.

Hence to allow the Sirisena Ranil government under these circumstances to write a new Constitution is to make Sri Lanka  a sacrificial lamb” of this Yahapalanaya Government on the altar of reconciliation to satisfy the Tamils, the ultra Tamil Wigneswaran  and the Tamil diaspora-the three evils”

Therefore under no circumstance should the Sinhala Buddhists of Sri Lanka allow this  pseudo Yahapalanaya Government of Sirisena –Ranil to write a new Constitution for Sri Lanka. Kiriella a UNP Minister of this government says that they would give 13 plus and abolish the executive presidency.

These UNP yes men to Ranil Wickramasinghe- their leader, even two years after they have taken over the government of Sri Lanka find it extremely difficult to leave out President Mahinda Rajapakse to cover up their sins, and make people believe that they are same as him. Kiriella says that the new Constitution may grant 13plus as proposed by Mahinda Rajapakse. They have only the name of President Mahinda Rajapakse to save their skins, but they –all of them put together can never equal the man that is Mahinda Rajapakse.

They swear that the new Constitution has not been written as yet but only the proposals by the five Committees have been presented. But the proposals do not give any assurance that they will finally be able to write an acceptable Constitution. This government does every thing in stealth hiding facts not only from the people but also from the President Maithripala Sirisena blissfully ignorant of what is going on behind his back.

There is no reason why this Sirisena Ranil Yahapalana government should at all write a new Constitution when the 1978 Constitution is an acceptable document which had served its purpose during the most critical period of the recent history of Sri Lanka. Any required Constitutional changes could  easily be made by Constitutional amendments.

There may had been a reason why the President Mahinda Rajapakse did not remove the 13Amendment, but now it has to be removed from the Constitution and retain the executive powers of the President intact, as we have still not distanced from the past period of  terrorism and  political turmoil which still continue to haunt us.

The Present Yahapalanaya government does not take any thing seriously. As they have mismanaged the economy of Sri Lanka they without accepting their disastrous bungling since their taking over the Government of Sri Lanka on the 8th January,2015, act like a bull in a glass shop” taking haphazard decisions  to  patch up” their wrong doings.  As the Sirisena –Ranil government is now in very critical financial straights, they have begun selling Sri Lanka’s most valued treasures” such as the unique natural harbour at Trincomalee, 15 thousand acres of prime land  in the South , Mattala Airport , Lankan Air Lines,  and part of the Colombo harbour etc.

The UNP Ministers and now some of the SLFP serniors like Mahinda Samarasinghe, Sarath Amunugama  are bragging that they have done what President Mahinda Rajapakse failed to do, which was to bring Sri Lanka into the fold of the West. But what have they received from their new found friends of the West. Their Western friends  have still not taken up even a single major development project. But they are nevertheless profiting from Sri Lanka’s dive into disaster. It was the same that the West did with the misfortunes of Greece. It is Germany and France that gained from the misfortunes of Greece.

Ranil Wickramasinghe hoped that America would have come to his aid with his Mount Pelerin connection , and even began by insulting China to give the West the signal that he was on their side against China. But the America and the West treated him  just like they treated his uncle J.R.Jayawardana-nicknamed Yankee Dikee, who expected  America and the West –to be his his safety net against Indian thuggery.

USA and the West will pay glowing tributes to Yahapalanaya for regaining democratic Sri Lanka, and reconciliation with the minorities and taking the Armed Forces before a hybrid court to be tried for war crimes which they believe Sri Lanka Armed Forces  committed in eliminating terrorists. That is all that the Yahapalanaya government will get from the Western friends. The GSP plus seems also a yarn fabricated to fool Ranil and Sirisena. It is yet another Folks Wagon car assembly plant or a tyre factory.

But Ranil Wickramasinghe dependence on America is fathomless. American Embassy had said that they would help the Government to write the Constitution( things may change with the new USA President Donald Trump). The Yahapalanaya is said to have engaged an American Company DAI, which some say has CIA connections as well it describes itself as follows:

Forty years on the frontlines of global development confirm the interconnectedness of development challenges. Conflict mitigation touches on issues of effective civil society, legitimate governance, equitable use of natural resources, and poverty reduction. Poverty reduction in turn intersects with economic reform, global competitiveness, private sector engagement, and the prevalence of debilitating diseases. And so on. Our development specialists reach across technical disciplines to shape the integrated development solutions that promise transformational development results………”

It is said the Prime Minister wants DIA to organise the Parliamentary Commissions and other Administrative aspects of the government. Is the Prime Minster Ranil Wickramasinghe internationalising Sri Lanka ? He has also requested Eric Solheim the notorious Norwegian to come to Sri Lanka to help him with the reconciliation. The Prime Minister’s office, meanwhile, said that Wickremesinghe sought Solheim’s assistance on environmental issues.”

The Yahapalanaya Government has no sense of values. They want to make Sri Lanka a Singapore. They want to sacrifice the Buddhism and Sinhala culture for an imagined reconciliation with the Tamils and the Muslims. They do no understand that there could never be a real reconciliation with the Tamils unless they give up  their call for  a separate territory for the Tamils and agree to live with all Communities.

Perhaps  it is well for both Tamils and Muslims in Sri Lanka to reflect on words, when you open your heart to patriotism, there is no room for prejudice” pronounced by US President Donald Trump in his inauguration speech on the 20th January,2017.

It is not the Sinhala that should move towards Tamils  but it is the Tamils who should  come to the Sinhala to assure their sincerity to reconcile with the Communities. As it is the Yahapalanaya exercise  of reconciliation is turning of tables.

The Constitution of Sri Lanka should retain the elements of the first Constitution prepared by the British when they granted Independence to Sri Lanka. Any Country’s Constitution is written by the Majority Community safeguarding its religious and cultural identity .  The minorities of the Country are not consulted in the writing of  a Constitution. But the Majority Community allows the minorities the right to religious worship and maintain their cultural identities. 

It is for the minorities to accept the constitution written by the Majority.

It should be the same with Sri Lanka. There is no reason to give special concessions to Tamils because the Tamil terrorists were allowed to carry on their terrorism for thirty long years.

The Constitution should also protect the territoriality of Sri Lanka, therefore the Muslims should not be allowed to clear forests and open unauthorised Muslim settlements where ever they want. And the Tamils should not be allowed to  attack  Buddhist Temples  or destroy Buddhist Statues anywhere in the Island, nor allow them to chase away the Sinhala from occupying their lands and property any where in the Island.

Wigneswaran, Mano Ganeshan, Sampanthan , Rishad Bathiudin or Faizer Mustapha have  not to be consulted in writing the Constitution of Sri Lanka. It is for the Sinhala Buddhists to write the Constitution, if it has to be written at all. But the 1978 Constitution should be continued to be used, but provision with regard to 13 Amendment should be removed.

The Constitution should be amended to Accept Sinhala as the National Language, to make the National Anthem sung in Sinhala only, rename Sri Lanka as Sinhale, and re establish the Ancient Sinhala Lion  flag brought down  by the British when they colonised Sri Lanka in 1815.

What is love – “You just have to wait, love does not come easy”

January 22nd, 2017

Dr Hector Perera     London

Love is a strong feeling of affection. The parents love the babies for far too many reasons and some are the affection, fondness, warmth and attachment. Some people love the work they do, it could be sports like football, tennis, rowing, swimming or even running. Love is a great interest and pleasure in something.

Love can be defined as a deep affection or sexual love for (someone).

This is not an easy thing to define what is love and according to Albert Einstein,
o    How on earth are you ever going to explain in terms of chemistry and physics so important a biological phenomenon as first love?”

 Love is difficult to define

How do you avoid confusing it with infatuation or lust? Philosophers and psychologists both have attempted to define love, or at least its difference from infatuation and lust. If you are looking to find love, the following observations may be helpful.

According to theoretical physicist and science writer, Jim Al-Khalili, ‘Love is chemistry’. Then he says, biologically, love is a powerful neurological condition like hunger or thirst, only more permanent.

We talk about love being blind or unconditional, in the sense that we have no control over it. But then, that is not so surprising since love is basically chemistry. While lust is a temporary passionate sexual desire involving the increased release of chemicals such as testosterone and oestrogen, in true love, or attachment and bonding, the brain can release a whole set of chemicals: pheromones, dopamine, norepinephrine, serotonin, oxytocin and vasopressin. However, from an evolutionary perspective, love can be viewed as a survival tool – a mechanism we have evolved to promote long-term relationships, mutual defence and parental support of children and to promote feelings of safety and security.

The answer remains elusive in part because love is not one thing. Love for parents, partners, children, country, neighbour, God and so on all have different qualities. Each has its variants – blind, one-sided, tragic, steadfast, fickle, reciprocated, misguided, and unconditional. Then others such as psychotherapists, many philosophers, nuns and romantic novelists, also have described love differently.

Looking for a suitable partner

I did my studies nothing but on chemistry and found out many useful things related to chemistry. In Sri Lanka there are people who arrange these marriages and we call them Magul Kapuwo”. He is one of the marriage proposal. This is not an ordinary marriage proposal but a chemical one. Even in any marriage people say, Get the chemistry right”. This is how I looked at some of the chemicals in the periodic table of elements; bonding or falling in love with each other. My idea perhaps might inspire some Chemistry students to remember some properties of chemicals in a human aspect, a different way. When I asked about the combination power or the valency of some elements, ionic and covalent bonding, sometimes the students find it difficult to figure it out with reasons. The discoverer of the periodic table of elements, Mendeleev tried to show the repeated similarity of the properties of the elements in a light hearted way with compared to musical notes; he called it law of octaves, what happened to him? Even the scientists at that time ridiculed him, said he was mad but much later found out that he was perfectly correct. Then he was honoured and named the periodic table as Mendeleev’s periodic table.

 One of the biggest combination of chemicals

Please let me try to show how salt is formed as a love story, little fairy story style, in an airy fairy way that might help them remember some properties of elements easily, any way let me put it this way.

A pretty girl is aesthetically pleasing but doesn’t necessarily inspire lust. You want to look at her the way you look at a sunset or a piece of art.

A hot girl doesn’t have to be objectively good looking (but often is) but you want to do her. Often times hot girls have nice bodies, but this isn’t necessary. Sometimes they have just sexy way of carrying themselves. Certain features, such as more narrow versus round eyes tend to look hotter.

Then there is the cute girl who has a look that makes you want to kiss her on the forehead and cuddle her. Cute girls are often neotenous in their facial features (babyish) and inspire in you a desire to protect her. Of course a person is rarely just pretty, cute, or hot.

A Marriage Proposal for Princess Odium

This gorgeously pretty, attractive Princess has six in the family and she is the second. Very slim, tall, pretty with 2, 8, 1, don’t think 28, 32, 26, she is different. Unlike any other elements, she is soft and so light even floats and dance on water. She melts with water, showing the true silvery colour and dance swiftly on the surface of water, sometimes igniting and fuming. Her rhythm even sets fire to water. I think she is the dancing Queen.

She has a family tree of rich and famous 103 members, called the Periodic table of elements. There are Royal Family members as well in the family tree, to name one or two, Her Royal Highness Helium and Prince Krypton.

Alkali family is seriously looking for a suitable partner, must be a non-smoker, cast, colour, race are immaterial.

Suitable proposals for princess Odium

There were lots of proposals from all rich and famous families came from all four corners of the world including from Sri Lanka, making the choice too difficult. She had to turn for her loving sisters for help and advice. When the invitation came from Hydrogen, one of them advised, Trust the invitation to feel happy, now that comes from a kind and sincere heart.”  He has three in the family but two of them are living abroad, not contacted for a long time. Someone said, He has no recognized place among the other members of the family but him as an individual, a light hearted nice person”.

Ruby or Rubedium said, If, over the last few years, you’ve had some rotten luck with members of the opposite sex, the time has come for change.” She insisted to think about a proposal from halogen family. Fortunately she found out more about that family because Her Royal Highness, Argon is a good friend and said to her sister, Listen to me, this year, you’ll be particularly lucky until May when Jupiter, will pair up with Uranus to create some sparks in your love life”. The sister insisted, Trust the invitation to feel happy now that comes from a kind and sincere heart.” At this point Miss Odium very shyly, looked at her lovely, helpful sisters and lost for words.

Your warm exuberance will blow him away

The third brother of the Halogen family comes from down south of Sri Lanka, Matara came up with this proposal to his second brother Chlo or Chlorine. Brom and Idine have been to see the alkali family, met the whole family and seen the proposed girl as well. Later when they came home, the conversation went on for a while and only some of it is included here.

Brom asked his brother, What kind of girls you like” Chlo and Brom are close like friends even they are brothers, he said I think it’s sexy when girls have a little bit of a belly. I don’t want to feel her ribcage when I hug her and embrace to rock hard.”  Brom sat back and listened to brother, I never want to see a girl smoking a cigarette or chewing dip, nice teeth is a must too.”  Chlo went on, I don’t have a preference for skin colour, and all ethnicities look beautiful to me.” Then at the end, he said that he would date a girl who was an inch or 2 taller. Brom said, Take my word, she is prettier than you ever think”. He was pleased to see his brother liked the proposal.

According to tradition, most Asians believe in family birth chart before getting married but some don’t believe in them. According to Chlo’s chart there are seven electrons or lucky stars in the last orbit of the planets. The third brother of Chlo, insisted to match up the charts.

 Loving sisters

After listening to all these fancy words, the eldest sister, Fraces or Francian said, The more inaccessible you are, the more he’ll roll out the red carpet for you. Your warm exuberance will blow him away and he’ll wonder how he ever lived without you.”  With all these encouraging advice from her loving sisters, Odium felt so shy to talk about but had to think quite seriously.

Astrological jargon

I know this is some astrological jargon but one has to believe that there is this astrological matching up taking place quite seriously among the Asians. Like Sri Lankans. Unlike any other culture, these traditional Asians believe in matching up horoscopes before marriage because most of the marriages among Asians are arranged, not forced. I am sure most Sri Lankan Asians would agree with me, am I correct?

Aunt’s advice about love

Aunt Alum or Aluminium came to see the family, after hearing these marriage proposals, she said, I looked at the horoscopes”. She said, The planetary influence of this year gives you a desire to express yourself and your beliefs. This time of the year, Saturn’s passage, a corner will be turned. Saturn continues his residence in your communication sector. Right now, Venus gives you the love; Moon and Mercury give you sweet dreams and emotional balance.

According to you and Chlo’s birth charts, both of you are perfectly matching”. Aunt asked, Any questions”. Then the youngest sister, Lithi asked, Aunty, what is love”. Aunty couldn’t stop laughing but she said,” It is one of the most difficult questions for all of us. Centuries have passed by, relationships have bloomed and so has love. But no one can give the proper definition of love. To some, Love is friendship set on fire, for others, may be love is like luck. You have to go all the way to find it. No matter how you define it or feel it, love is the eternal truth in the history of mankind. It cannot be bought or sold; there is nothing it cannot face; love is life’s greatest blessing. ‘Love is chemistry’

Then Aunty Alum said, For you little Princess, You just have to wait, love does not come easy.” The little girl felt very shy and jumped to mum’s lap.

Yes, yes, I do, I do, I do”.

The other sisters in the family and the mum the nucleus and dad Atom, also joined the conversation and the decision. The loving sister’s message was, Navigating from logic to passion, you’ll remain resolutely optimistic about where your relationship’s going. If he’s not possessive in nature, he’ll not get bored around you.”  After consulting the family, the dad said, There’s no chance of you spoiling things this year with trivial matters.” At this point Odium gave her consent with no reservations but too shy to say, Yes, yes, I do, I do, I do”.

Matching up of charts or Handahana” by Magul Kapuwa

Miss Odium has 2, 8, 1 and Mr Chlor has 2, 8, 7 lucky stars. If these people get married then their charts match in such way that they fall in love then the last planet of Miss Odium enters to the 7th planet of Mr Chlor. This would happen definitely when they electrostatically undergo ionic bonding between the two loving couple.  I know this is some astrological jargon but it’s true.

Future of them as a couple.

If Miss Odium marries Mr Chlor that means Odium Chlor becomes Odium Chloride or Sodium Chloride, it will be a perfect match of the year as shown in the astrological charts. Their love is so much; it will be a model couple. Their love can fill up the seven seas; how deep is the love; no one knows exactly, similarly how deep is the deepest place in the ocean but again in which ocean?  No person or persons can separate this loving couple, Sodium chloride by any means. Love is forever and Sodium chloride is forever. You can heat, cool or freeze or do anything they stay together as a loving couple forever. Once married, they are no longer the individuals, they are a couple called Sodium Chloride or pet name Salt. The other envious people will try to separate this loving couple due to their jealousy. They also would try heating, cooling or freezing, you cannot get Chlorine or Sodium separated, try, not a chance!

Salt and Love are they the same?

Everybody needs love, everybody needs salt, too much love is good for nothing, can spoil you similarly too much salt is bad for you, gives high blood pressure or hypertension. You always need love, in the morning; lunchtime and nigh time, bed time, you need salt at least three times a day. Don’t say no; try eating fish and chips without salt, Yuck.” Put too much salt again, Yuck.” Just get it right, Yummy” perera6@hotmail.co.uk

තිරසාර සංවර්ධනය: කියවීම හා භාවිතාව

January 22nd, 2017

ආචාර්ය චන්දන ජයලත්

සංවර්ධනය වූ කලි ආර්ථික හා සාමාජීය යන දෙඅංශයෙන්ම ලබන දියුණුවයි. කර්මාන්ත, මංමාවත් වගේම අධ්‍යාපන හා සෞඛ්‍ය වර්ධනයත් ඊට ඇතුලත්ය. ආර්ථිකයක් වශයෙන් උසස් ජීවන මට්ටමක් සේම විනය හා නීති ගරුක ජන සමාජයක් ද ඉන් අර්ථ නිරූපණය වෙයි. එනයින් මානුෂීය සංවර්ධනයක් බලාපොරොත්තු වෙයි. ඒ අනුව කතා කළ යුත්තේ රටේ ඉදිරි ආර්ථික හා සමාජයීය ගමන් මග පිලිබඳවයි. සංවර්ධන ඉලක්කයන් හා ඒ ආශ‍්‍රිත දේශපාලන ප‍්‍රවේශයන් පිලිබඳවයි. සංවර්ධනය වීමට ඇති ජනතාවගේ සූදානම පිලිබදවයි. ජනතාව සංවර්ධන ක‍්‍රියාවලියට පෙළගස්වා ගත යුත්තේ කොයි ආකාරයට ද යන්නයි.

සංවර්ධන අවශ්‍යතාවන් ප‍්‍රමුඛතා අනුපිලිවෙලකට ශ්‍රේණිගත කිරීම දේශපාලනයෙන් අපේක්ෂා කළ යුතු අතර පවතින සීමිත භෞතික, මානව හා මූල්‍ය සම්පත් යොදා ගැනීමේදි අවැසි ප‍්‍රශස්ත සමායෝජනය ආර්ථික විද්‍යාවට භාර කළ යුතුව ඇතැයි මම සිතමි. සංවර්ධන ආර්ථික විද්‍යාව යනු දරිද්‍රතාවයෙන් මුදවාලීම වෙනුවෙන් දරනු ලබන ප‍්‍රයත්නය පිලිබඳව කෙරෙන අධ්‍යයනයයි. එමගින් සංවර්ධනය පිලිබදව සංකල්ප පැහැදිලි කිරිම හා සංවර්ධන මට්ටම් ලබා ගැනීම සිදුවෙයි. ආර්ථික සංවර්ධනය සදහා අවශ්‍ය සාධක කවරේද යන්න තේරුම් ගැනීමට පහසුම මාර්ගය නම් රටේ ආර්ථික සංවර්ධනයට සංරෝධකයන් වන කරුණු මොනවාද යන්න හඳුනා ගැනීම බව මහාචාර්ය දයානන්ද සෝමසුන්දර පවසයිි.

ස්වභාව ධර්මයා විසින් දායාද කරනු ලැබූ සියලූම සම්පත් මහ පොලොව, ඛණිජ සම්පත්, වන සම්පත්, ජල සම්පත්, සත්ව සම්පත් ආදි සියල්ලම භූමිය නැමති සාධකයට අයත් වන අතර ආර්ථික වර්ධනය සදහා එය ඉතා වැදගත් අවශ්‍යතාවයකි. හිරු එලිය, වාතය, ජලය, පස, වෘක්ෂලතා, දේශගුණය හා කාලගුණය ද ස්වභාවික සම්පත් ගණයෙහි ලා සැලකේ. මිනිසාගේ ජෛව හා සමාජ පරිණාමය සමග එක්වූ තාක්ෂණික දියුණුව නිසා සීඝ‍්‍ර ලෙස පරිසර සම්පත් හායනය වු ආකාරයත්, එම සම්පත් භාවිතයෙන් වූ නිෂ්පාදනයෙහි හා පාරිභෝජනයෙහි අතුරු ඵල ලෙස නිපැයුණු අපද්‍රව්‍යයන්ගෙන් පරිසරය සීඝ‍්‍රව දුෂණය වූ ආකාරයත් පැහැදිලිය. අනිසි ලෙස පරිසර සම්පත් භාවිතය නිසා මතුව ඇති අන්තර් පාරම්පරීය අසාධාරණය අති මහත්ය. එය සැබවින්ම ඛේදවාචකයකි. එහෙත් අවිනිශ්චිත සංවර්ධනය නිශ්චිත තිරසාර සංවර්ධනයකට යොමු කිරිම කළ හැකිය. පරිසර භාවිතය පිලිබද මිනිස් තීරණ නිසි මගට යොමු කළ හැකි දැනුම් පද්ධතියක් සමාජ ගත කිරීම එහි අඩිතාලමයි. ඒ සදහා න්‍යායාත්මක ප‍්‍රවේශයක් පරිසර ආර්ථික විද්‍යාව මගින් සපයයි.

ඕනෑම පද්ධතියක ක‍්‍රියාකාරිත්වය රදා පවතින්නේ එම පද්ධතිය සැකසුනු උපාංගවල අන්තර් ක‍්‍රියාකාරිත්වය මතය. පරිසරයේ උප අංග ලෙස මූලික වශයෙන් භෞතික සහ ජෛව මිනිසුන් සැලකිය හැක. මහාචාර්ය හේමසිරි කොටගමයන්ට අනුව විශේෂයෙන් පසුගිය ශත වර්ෂ හතර තුල මිනිසුන් විසින් පරිසරයේ භෞතික සහ ජෛව උප අංග එහි ස්වභාවික සීමාවන් අභිබවා ප‍්‍රයෝජනයට ගෙන ඇත. ඒ හේතුවෙන් මෙම උප අංග අතර අන්තර් ක‍්‍රියාවන් හීන වී ඇති අතර එම හීනවීම සමහරවිට යලි ප‍්‍රතිෂ්ථාපනය කළ නොහැකි වන තරමටම සිදුවී ඇතැයි ඔහු පවසයි. එබැවින් පරිසරය සහ ස්වභාවික සම්පත් මත අනිවාර්යයෙන් පරාධීන වන ආර්ථික සංවර්ධනය චිරස්ථායි නොවනු ඇතැයි ද ඔහු අවධාරණය කරයි. මෙතෙක් උදාකර ගත් සංවර්ධනයේ ප‍්‍රධාන දුර්වලතාවක් නම් පරිසරය සහ මිනිසා අතර තිබූ සමතුලිත බව සංවර්ධනය වෙනුවෙන් හිලව් වීමයි. පරිසරය අධි භාවිතයට සහ ¥ෂණයට ලක් වනුයේ මිනිස් තීරණ නිසා නම් පරිසරය නැණවත්ව භාවිතාව චිරස්ථායි සංවර්ධනයේ අවශ්‍යතාවක් නම් අනිසි මිනිස් තීරණ හදුනා ගෙන එම තීරණ නිසි මගට යොමුකළ යුතු බව මහාචාර්ය හේමසිරි කොටගම අවධාරණය කරයි.

සංවර්ධිත රටවල ජනතාව අද දවසේ භූක්ති විදින සුව පහසු ජීවිතය අප කරා ද ව්‍යාප්ත වනු දැකීමට අප කැමතිය. එමෙන්ම එම සුව පහසු ජිවිතය අනාගත පරම්පරාවන්ට අත්වනු දැකීමට ද අප කැමතිය. අද දවසේ අප ලඟා කරගත් දෑ ලබා ගැනීමේ ඉඩකඩ අනාගත පරම්පරාව සදහා ඉතිරි කර තැබීමට අප කැමතිය. තිරසාර සංවර්ධනය පිලිබදව ඉදිරිපත් වී ඇති විවිධ අදහස් සහ තිරසාර සංවර්ධනය සදහා පරිසර සංරක්ෂණයේ ඇති කාර්ය භාරය කුමක්ද යන්න විමසා බැලීම වටින්නේ එබැවිනි. පරිසර පද්ධතියේ චිර පැවැත්මට ඇති තර්ජනය පිලිබඳව විමසා බැලීම වටින්නේ එබැවිනි. වත්මන් පරම්පරාව අධික සීග‍්‍රතාවයකින් නැවත ජනනය කළ නොහැකි සම්පත් නිස්සාරණය කිරිම පිලිබඳව විමසා බැලීම වටින්නේ එබැවිනි. අනාගත නිෂ්පාදන අවස්ථාවන් නොඇහිරෙන ආකාරයෙන් වර්ථමානයේ සම්පත් භාවිතා කිරිම පිලිබඳව විමසා බැලීම වටින්නේ එබැවිනි. අපි උමා ඔයෙන් පටන්ගෙන වරාය නගරය හරහා මධ්‍යම අධිවේගයට බහිමු.

උමා ඔය වනාහි මහවැලියට සම්බන්ධ දැවැන්තම ජල ධාරාවයි. මධ්‍යම කදුකරයෙන් පටන් ගෙන රන්ටැබේ ජලාශයට එක්වන උමා ඔය බහුකාර්ය යෝජනා ක‍්‍රමයක් ලෙස කිරිදි ඔයට ජලය හරවා ගිණිකොන දිසාවේ වියලි ඉඩම් පෝෂණය කිරිමට සැරසෙයි. රජය සමග අත්සන් කළ කොන්ත‍්‍රාත්තුවට 85% ක වියදම් දරන්නේ ඉරාන රජයයි. එහෙත් වසර 2010 දි ව්‍යාපෘතිය ආරම්භ කරන්නේ කිසිදු පාරිසරික අධ්‍යයනයක් නොමැතිවය. පුහුල් ඔය හා මහතොටිල්ල ජලාශ අතර උමා ඔයෙන් ජලය ගෙන යන ව්‍යපෘතියට විදුලි බලාගාරයක් ද ඇතුලත්ය. ඌව වෙල්ලස්සේ හා රුහුනේ අක්කර 25000ක් අස්වැද්දිමට එමගින් බලාපොරොත්තු වෙයි. එහෙත් කැනීම් කටයුතු හේතුවෙන් පස් තට්ටු බුරුල් වී මේ වනවිටත් ගෙවල් දෙදහසකට වඩා ඉරි තැලීම්වලට භාජනය වී හමාරය. විශේෂයෙන් වැසි කාලවලදී පස් කඩා වැටීම්වල වැඩි වීමක් දක්නට ඇත. ලිංවල ජලය සිදී ඇත. දැනටමත් ජනතාවගේ ජීවන රටාවට දැඩි බලපෑමක් එල්ල කර ඇති එම ව්‍යපෘතිය ජනතා විරෝධය හමුවේ විටින් විට නතර කරණු ලැබුව ද සම්පූර්ණයෙන් නතර කළ බවක් පෙනෙන්නට නැත. වැල්ලවායේ අලිකොටආර ඔය ආශ‍්‍රිතව මුල්ගල් තැබුවේද ශක්‍යතා වාර්තාවක් නොමැතිවය. පරිසර අනුමැතියක්ද නොමැතිවය. එහෙත් ඉරාන බැංකුවෙන් මුදල් නිකුත්කර ඇත්තේ මේ වගක් නොදැනගෙන විය නොහැකිය.

ශ‍්‍රි ජයවර්ධනපුර විශ්වවිද්‍යාලය කළ වෙලූම් තුනකින් යුක්ත පරිසර බලපෑම් වාර්තාව අසම්පූර්ණ බවත්, දින 30ක් වැනි කෙටි කාලයක් පමණක් මහජන අදහස් සදහා විවෘත කර තිබු බවත් විවිධ පරිසර හා සිවිල් ප‍්‍රජා සංවිධාන මේ සම්බන්ධයෙන් ප‍්‍රශ්ණ මතු කළ බවත් අනතුරුව කොන්දේසි සහිතව පරිසර බලපත‍්‍රය පරිසර අධිකාරිය මගින් නිකුත් කළ බවත් ඒ වන විටත් ව්‍යපෘතිය ආරම්භ කර තිබු බවත් දැන් පැහැදිලි කරගෙන ඇත. මා අන්තර්ජාලය සැරිසරද්දි දැනගන්නට ලැබුනේ ශ‍්‍රි ලංකා පරිසර සංවිධානයක් වෙනුවෙන් මහාචාර්ය කලූවිතාන, තිලක් කාරියවසම් හා එස් විශ්වලිංගම් කරුණු සොයා යාමේ ව්‍යායාමයක නිරත වූ බවත් ඒ අනුව කොටවෙහෙර, උඩගම, පහලගම, පුහුල්පොල, හේගිල්ලඇල්ල, කැබිල්ලදුව, පහත මිහිරාවත්ත, මැටිකිල්ල හා මලිත්ත යන ගම් සම්පූර්ණයෙන්ම යටවන බවත් ගෙවල් බොහොමයක පදිංචිය අවදානම් බවත් හෙල් ආශ‍්‍රිතව කළ වී ගොවිතැන ට අවශ්‍ය ජලය හිදි ගොස් ඇති බවත් කිසිදු විකල්ප වාසස්ථානයක් නම් නොකරමින් වහාම පදිංචි ස්ථානවලින් ඉවත්වන ලෙස නියෝග කර ඇති බවත්, බීමට ගන්නා ජලය ¥ෂණය වී ඇති බවත් ඊට කිසිදු විකල්පයක් තවමත් ලබා දී නැති බවත් අවට බොහෝ තැන්හි මීටර් 100ක් තරම් දුරකට පස් කඩා වැටීම් සිදුවන බවත් එසේ වෙද්දි රාත‍්‍රි කාලයට ගත කරන්නේ පන්සල් පාසල්වල බවත් නිරික්‍ෂණය කර ඇත.

මීට පෙර එනම් 1991 දී කළ සක්‍යතා වාර්තාවකට අනුව ආසියානු සංවර්ධන බැංකුව මෙම ව්‍යාපෘතියට මුදල් යෙදවීම ප‍්‍රතික්‍ෂේප කර ඇති වග දැනගන්නට ලැබෙන්නේ එහි සුල මුල සොයා ගියවිට ය. කිසිදු ‘ලොකු’ බැංකුවක් මෙම ව්‍යාපෘතියට අතපෙවීමට ඉදිරිපත් නොවුයේ එමගින් සිදුවන සමාජ හා පාරිසරික බලපෑම ඉන් ලැබෙන වාසිවලට වඩා වැඩි නිසාවෙනි. මෙම කලාපයේ පසෙහි ස්වභාවය මෙවන් උමං මාර්ගයකට කිසිසේත්ම ඔරොත්තු නොදෙන බව මහාචාර්ය විතානගේ පවසයිි. බෙරගලින් පටන් ගෙන සමනල වැව හරහා ගිණිකොන දිසාවට ඇති හුණුගල් මිශ‍්‍ර පාෂාන වැටියක ජලය හා උමං මාර්ග තැනීම මීට කලියින්ද ප‍්‍රතික්ෂේප වූයේ සමනල වැව ව්‍යාපෘතියට කළ උපදේශනයක් හරහාය. එහෙත් එවක ආර් පේ‍්‍රමදාස රජය ද සමනල වැව බලෙන්ම කරන්නට වූු අතර ඉන් වසර පහක් යෑමටත් මත්තෙන් විශාල ඉරිතැලීමක් හරහා මහා ජල කඳක් පිටතට නිකුත් විය. එම ජල කඳ පාලනය කර ගැනීම් වස් පකිස්ථානයෙන් ආනයනය කළ වෙට් බ්ලැන්කටින් නමින් නව තාක්‍ෂණයක් අනුගමනය කළේය. නැවත තවත් කන්දක් පහත් කරමින් රොන් මඩ තැන්පත් කරනවාක් මෙන් සුවිසල් බාජි හරහා එම කාන්දුව ඇති ප‍්‍රදේශයට පස් මුදා හැරීමෙන් ජල කාන්දුව පාලනය කළ හැකි තත්වයට ගෙන ආහ. ඊට තවත් කෝටි ගණනක මුදලක් වැය කළ අතර එම ව්‍යාපෘතිය හේතුවෙන් එක් සුවිශේෂි දෙයක් නම් සිද්ධ විය. එනම් අලූතින් හඳුනාගත් ඉංජිනේරු යුවලකගේ විවාහයක් සිදුවීමයි. ඉංජිනේරු මංගල කාරියවසම් ට අනුව මෑතකදී මීරියබැද්ද නාය යාමටත් උමා ඔය ව්‍යාපෘතිය හේතුවන්නට ඇතැයි විශ්වාස කරයි. ඔහුගේ තක්සේරුව අනුව මහවැලි නදියේ 40%ක ජල දහරාව උමා ඔයෙන් සපයනු ලබන අතර එම ජල කඳ වෙනත් දිශාවකට හැරවීමේදි මහවැලියට සෘජු බලපෑමක් එල්ලවීම නොවැලක්විය හැකිය. ඊට වැලි මාඩු සොරනාතොට බෙත්මුඩිල්ල ආදී ගොවි ජනපද වලට ද සෘජු බලපෑමක් එල්ලවෙයි.

වරාය නගරය ගැනද සදහනක් කිරීම වැදගත්ය. චීන ආයෝජකයන් විසින් ආයෝජන මණ්ඩලයට කර ඇති ව්‍යෘපෘති යෝජනාවක් හමුවන්නේ වසර 2015 දීය. එ් කිසිදු තාක්ෂණික මූල්‍ය හෝ සමාජීය ශක්‍යතාවයක් නොමැතිවය. ඉංජිනේරු චන්න ප‍්‍රනාන්දුට අනුව (සන්ඬේ ටයිම්ස් 2015.04.05* මෙහි වැඩ පටන් ගන්නා විට ඊට අදාල යටිතල පහසුකම් සම්බන්ධ සැලැස්මක්වත් නොතිබුණේය. ඊට අදාල සැලැස්මක් පසුකාලීනව නාගරික සංවර්ධන අධිකාරිය හරහා ආයෝජකයා වෙත ලබා දී තිබෙන්නේ අවශ්‍ය සංශෝධන එක්කිරිම සදහාය. අවිධිමත් කොළඹ නගරයට විධිමත් බවක් එක්කිරිම එහි මුඛ්‍ය පරමාර්ථයක් බැව් මුලදී කියවුණි. ශ‍්‍රි ලංකාවේ පරිසර පටිපාටියට අදාල වන්නේ වසර 2000 දී සංශෝධිත නවසිය 98, අංක 56 දරණ ජාතික පරිසර පනතයි. ඊට අනුව ව්‍යාපෘතියකට අදාල මූලික තොරතුරු ව්‍යාපෘති ආයෝජකයා විසින් මධ්‍යම පරිසර අධිකාරියට ලබා දිය යුතුව ඇත. මධ්‍යම පරිසර අධිකාරිය සෑහිමකට පත්වන තුරු ඊට අනුමැතිය නොලැබෙයිි. වරාය නගරය සම්බන්ධව වෙරළ සංරක්ෂක දෙපාර්තමේන්තුව ද හවුල් වෙයි. එම කාර්යභාරය තුල අතපසුවීමක් සිදුවී ඇත්දැයි පැහැදිලි නැත්තේ විටින් විට වැලි ගොඩ දැමීම පිලිබදව ඇතිවූ මැසිවිලි නිසාය. ආයෝජකයා විසින් මුලදී අක්කර 300ක පමණ ප‍්‍රමාණයක් පමණක් යෝජනාවලිය තුල ඉදිරිපත් කර තිබියදී තවත් අක්කර 200ක් පමණ ඊට එක්කර ගනිමින් මුලූ ගණන අක්කර 500කුත් අනෙකුත් ජලමාර්ග පද්ධතියන් සමග අක්කර 1200ක් දක්වා පුඵල් වපසරියකට කිසිදු පාරිසරික අධ්‍යයනයක් නොමැතිව ව්‍යාපෘතිය කරගෙන යාමට අවශ්‍ය අවකාශය ලබා ගැනීමම පවතින ක‍්‍රමවේදය අභිබවා යාමක් බව අමුතුවෙන් කිවයුතු නොවේ. නිවැරදි දත්ත නොතිබුණත් අඩුතරමින් කියුබික් මීටර් මිලියන 200ක් පමණ ප‍්‍රමාණයක වැලි කන්දරාවක් මීට අවශ්‍යය වෙයි. කියබික් මීටර් මිලියන 4 කට ආසන්න කඵ ගල් අවශ්‍ය වනු ඇත. මෙය හෙට දිනයේ සංවර්ධනයට ගත හැකිව තිබෙන ස්වභාවික සම්පත් මුහුදට යට කිරීම හරහා විදේශීය පුද්ගලික ආයෝජකයන්ට පුද කිරිමයි. ව්‍යාපෘතියට අවශ්‍ය ජලය හා විදුලිය ලබා ගැනීම පිලිබදව ද ගැටලූ ඇතිවී ඇත. තවද වසර 85ක් පැරණි කොළඹ මෝදර හා වැල්ලවත්තෙන් එලියට එන කැසිද්‍රව්‍ය කිසිදු පිරිපහදුවකින් තොරව මුදා හැරිම කවදුරටත් ශක්‍යතාවකින් තොර බව වෘත්තීයවේදින් කියා තිබියදීත් වරාය නගරයෙන් නිකුත් කරන මලපහ කලමණාකරණය තවත් ජාතික හිසරදයක් බවට පත්වනු නොඅනුමානය. ජාතික ගොඩනැගිලි පර්යේෂණ ආයතනයේ ආචාර්ය ගාමිණි ජයතිස්සට අනුව රටේ භූමියෙන් 20%ක් කදු සහිත හා ගල් සහිත පසක් ඇති අතර එහි ජනගහනයෙන් තුනෙන් පංගුවක්ම පදිංචිව සිටිති. කිසිදු කලින් දැනුම් දීමකින් තොරව ගල් බෝර දමා ගම්වාසීන් බිය ගන්වා ගෙවල් අතහැර යාමට අවශ්‍ය පරිසරය සකස් කරන්නේද එම කර්මාන්තයන්හි නියැලි ව්‍යාපාරිකයන්ම ඔහු පවසයි. සමස්ථ සංවර්ධන ප‍්‍රමුඛතාවන් සමග ගැලපීමේදි මෙය කොතරම් අසමතුලිත හා අකාරුණික කාරණාවක් බව මොනවට කියා පායිද?

අනාගතය සදහා ක්‍ෂය නොවන සම්පත්වලින් ඉතා සීමිත ප‍්‍රමාණයක් පමණක් තබා එය ඉහල විද්‍යාත්මක දැනුම් සම්භාරයකින් හිලව් කළ හැකි යැයි සිතීමද මහා මුලාවකි. පරිසර පද්ධතියක ස්ථායිතාව සහ දිරිය ස්වභාවය කාලයත් සමග නොවෙනස්ව පවත්වා ගැනීමට අවශ්‍ය අවම තත්ත්වයන් සැපිරි පවතින්නේ නම් එය තිරසාර සංවර්ධනයක් ලෙස සැලකේ. වඩා ලිහිල් අර්ථයකින් ගෙන බැලූ විට තිරසාර බව තක්සේරුකර ඇත්තේ පවතින පරිසර පද්ධතියේ ලක්ෂණ සහ ව්‍යුහය පවත්වා ගෙන යාමට ඊට ඇති හැකියාව අනුවය. පරිසර පද්ධතියක් සතුව ස්වයංව සකස්වීමේ හැකියාවක් ඇතැයි පරිසර විද්‍යාඥයින් විස්වාස කරති. මේ ස්වයං සකස්වීම භාහිර පරිසරයේ වෙනත් කඩාකප්පල්කාරී බලයන් සමග තුලනයට පත්ව තිබේද? කොහෙත්ම නැත. අනාගත නිෂ්පාදන අවස්ථාවන් තබා වර්ථමානය විසින් පවත්වා ගෙන යනු ලබන සුභසාධන මට්ටම් නොඇහිරෙන ආකාරයෙන් වර්ථමානයේ සම්පත් භාවිතා කිරිමක් පෙනෙන්නට නැත.

නවසිය අනුව මුල භාගයේදී කණ්ඩලම හෝටල සංකීර්ණය තැනුවේ පොලිස් ඒකකයක් එම වැඩ බිම තුල පිහිටුවීමෙන්ය. වැව් තාවුල්ලේ බහු ජාතික හෝටලයක් තනා ඒ පලාතකටවත් රට වැසියෙකුට අවසරයකින් තොරව අඩියක් ගසන්නට බැරිවුණ එම ව්‍යාපෘතියෙන් ගමට සිදුවුණ සෙතක් නැත. ගමේ මිනිස්සු හෝටලයට යන මග තැන තැන බෙලි, දිවුල් මලූ රැුගෙන මහ දවල් මග දෙපස උඩ බලා ගෙන සිටිති. ලංකාවේ මෑත කාලයේ අතගහපු සියඵ ව්‍යාපෘති අසාර්ථකය. සමනල වැව, නොරොච්චෝලේ, උමා ඔය කදිම නිදසුනකි. රටක සංවර්ධනය යනු හුදෙක්ම රජය විසින් ම දියත් කල ව්‍යාපෘති පමණක්මද? පුද්ගල මට්ටමින් කළ හා කෙරෙන දායකත්වය රටේ සංවර්ධනය නොවේද? එය විදේශ රටකින් එවන ලද මුදල් විය හැකිය. එය දේශීයව ඉතිරිකර ගත් මුදලක් විය හැකිය. බැංකු ණයක් විය හැකිය. මේ මොන ක‍්‍රමයෙන් හෝ ඉදිකරන ලද මං මාවත් ප‍්‍රජා ශාලා ගොඩනැගිලි රටේ සංවර්ධනය නොවේද? එහෙත් සිදුවන්නේ හුදු නීති රීති තුල පමණක් පිහිටමින් හැකිනම් ඒ්වා අවභාවිතාවට ලක් කරමින් ඒකමතික හා අන්තනෝමතික තීන්දු ගැනීමයි. පොදු සංවර්ධනය පසෙක තබා එක් කාරණාවක්ම ඔලූවෙ තබා ගෙන තනි තනි වශයෙන් ඒ ඒ විෂය භාර ඇමතිවරු ක‍්‍රියා කිරිමයි. හිතුුුමනාපෙට තීරණ ගැනීමයි. එහෙත්් රටේ සංවර්ධන අවශ්‍යතාවක් හඳුනා ගෙන ඒවා ප‍්‍රමුඛතාවයකට අනුව පෙළ ගස්වා ගෙන ඊට ජනතාවගේ සහයෝගය ඇතිව සිදුවන්නේ නම් ජනතාවට විරුද්ධවීමට හේතුවක් නැත.

මනා ලෙස ඉදිකරන ලද ගෙවල් දොරවල් මෙන්ම වසර 100කටත් වඩා පැරණි අපේ දේශීය වාස්තුවිද්‍යාව පිලිඹිබු වන ඵෙතිහාසික වටිනාකමින් යුත් නිවාස පවා සමතලාවන අධිවේගවලින් ඇති ඵලය කිම? අවසානයේ ඉතිරි වන්නේ වේගය පමණි. කාලය ඉතිරි කරගත් රොබෝ රැුලක් පමණි. මේ කිසිවත් අධිවේගි සැලසුම් තුල සලකා නොබැලීම මොන තරම් පාපයක්ද? මෙය සිදුවන්නේ සමස්ත සැලසුම් ක‍්‍රියාවලිය ගූගල් තාක්‍ෂණයට බාරදීමෙන්ය. මහ පොලොව මත ඉරි අදින්නේ කොළඹ සීතල කාමරයක කොම්පියුටරයක ආධාරයෙන් එකම එක සැලසුම් ඉංජිනේරුවරයකු අතින්ය. එය මහ පොලොව මත දිග හැරෙද්දී සිදුවන පාරිසරික හා සාමාජීය අකටයුතුකම් නොගැලපීම් යනාදිය ගූගල් තාක්‍ෂණයට ගෝචර නොවනු ඇත. සැලසුම් කරන්නේත් ඒවා වෙනස් වන්නේත් දේශපාලන හයිය මත පමණක් නම් තිරසාර සංවර්ධනය නමැති ඒ මහා සුවිසල් මානවවාදී කථාන්තරය හුදෙක් පශ්චාත් උපාධි නිබන්දන හා විදේශ සම්මන්ත‍්‍රණවල ආකර්ශනීය තේමා පාඪයකට පමණක් සීමා වී පවතිනු ඇත. මිලියන හා බිලියන ගණන්වල ව්‍යාපෘති සම්බන්ධයෙන් ජනතාවට එතරම් සංවේදිතාවයක් නැහැ වගේම ජනමතය උරගා බැලීමේ ක‍්‍රමවේදයකුත් ක‍්‍රියාත්මක නොවීම, එම ව්‍යාපෘතිවල දිගක් පළලක් තේරුම් ගන්නට බැරිවීම, තම ගම් බිම්, ඉඩකඩම්, දේපල නැතිවී යාම නිසා දැනෙන අනාරක්ෂිතබව හා මානසික ආතතිය, තම ප‍්‍රශ්ණ ඉදිරිපත් කර විසඳුමක් ලබා ගැනීම පිණිස අවශ්‍ය සක‍්‍රීීය දේශපාලන මැදිහත්වීමක් නැතිවීමත් යන කරුණු නිසා ජනතාව වීදිවලට බැසීම නොවැලැක්විය හැකිය. රටේ අවශ්‍යතාවන් පෙළගැස්ම සම්බන්ධයෙන් සාකල්‍යමය ප‍්‍රවේශයක් ගත යුත්තේ එබැවිනි.

වෙළදපල ආර්ථිකය තුල සම්පත් භාවිතය පිළිබඳ තීරණ ගන්නේ මිල සලකා බලාය. වෙලදපල ආර්ථිකයේ මිල තීරණය වීමේදි විශේෂයෙන් පරිසර හා ස්වභාවික සම්පත් පිළිබද මිල බොහෝ විට අවතක්සේරු වේ. පරිසර සම්පත් හා සේවාවල මිල අවතක්සේරුවීමකට ලක් වනුයේ එම සම්පත් භාවිතය මගින් ඇති කරනු ලබන සමාජ පිරිවැය පුද්ගලික තීරණවලදී නොසලකා හැරෙන නිසාය. මෙය වෙළදපල අකාර්යක්ෂමතාවයක් ලෙස ආර්ථික විද්‍යාව තුල හඳුන්වනු ලැබූවද රටේ පොදු ව්‍යාපෘති සම්බන්ධයෙන් ද එය වලංගු වන්නේ නම් එය දේශපාලන අකාර්යක්ෂමතාවයක් ලෙස හඳුන්වනු ලැබීම සාධාරණය.

පරිසර ආර්ථික විද්‍යාවේ අරමුණ වනුයේ පරිසර සම්පත් භාවිතා තීරණ ගැනීමේ අකාර්යක්ෂමතා හඳුනා ගැනීමත් ඒ සදහා ප‍්‍රතිකර්ම යෝජනා කිරිමත්ය. වෙනත් වචන වලින් කිවහොත් පරිසර ආර්ථික විද්‍යාවේදි උත්සාහ කරනුයේ වෙළඳපල අකාර්යක්ෂමතාවයන් මගින් විකෘති කරන ලද මිලට පාරිසරික අගයක් අන්තර්ගත කර යථා අගයන්ට පත් කිරිමයි. සංවර්ධන ව්‍යාපෘති හේතුවෙන් අඩුවන වනගහණය යළි ප‍්‍රථිස්ථාපනය කර ගැනීමත් එක් පැතිකඩකි. තම කටුම්භය, බව බෝග, ගහ කොළ, සතා සිව්පාවා, අව්ව, වැස්ස, පින්න, නාන තොට මේ කිසිවක් මිල කල නොහැකිය. එය තරමකට හෝ සමනය කළ හැක්කේ ‘ගසට ගසක් ’යන තේමාව මුල් කොට ගත් දැඩි පරිසරවාදී ප‍්‍රතිපත්තියක පිහිටා වැඩ කළහොත් පමණි. වෘක්‍ෂ සංගණනයක වැදගත්කම මතුවන්නේ එ් නිසාය.

රටක ජනතාවක් රටකින් බලාපොරොත්තු වන මූලික කරුණු තුනකි. සාමය, සංවර්ධනය හා අභිමානය. ඒ සදහා යන ගමන ජනතාවගෙන් වෙන්ව යන ගමනක් නම් එය හිතුවක්කාරකමකි. එය සංවර්ධන ත‍්‍රස්තවාදයකි. මේ වන විට ප‍්‍රාදේශිය දේශපාලන අධිකාරිය මුලූ ගැන්වී ඇත. නිළධාරීන්ගේ රොබෝමය ප‍්‍රවේශයත් පොතේ ගුරු රාජ්‍ය පරිපාලනයේ ඇ`ග බේරා ගැනීමේ වැඩ සංස්කෘතිය තුල ජනතාවට බලාපොරොත්තු විය හැකි උත්තරයක් නැත. සංවර්ධනය ජනතාව වෙනුවෙන් නම් ඊට ජනතාව හවුල් කර නොගන්නේ මන්ද? එහෙත්් සියලූ ජනතා විරෝධී රැුලි හමුවේ පවතින පාලකයින් කීවේ එහි පිටුපස අදිසි දේශපාලන හස්තයක් ක‍්‍රියාත්මක බවයි. බොරු හතුුරෙකු මවා ගෙන ඊට ගල් ගසන කලාවක් අපි අත්විඳිමු.

නවක වදය පිළිබඳව  මනෝ විද්‍යාත්මක විග්‍රහයක්   

January 22nd, 2017

වෛද් රුවන් එම් ජයතුංග 

නවක වදය ඉතා බහුලවම සිදු වන්නේ ලංකාවේ සහ ඉන්දියාවේ සරසවිවල​ය. බටහිර රට වල විශ්ව විද්‍යාල තුල ලංකාවේ සහ ඉන්දියාවේ මෙන් බහුලව පැතිරී ගිය නවක වද නැත​. යම් ලෙසකින් Bulling , Hazing වැනි තත්වයන් මතු වුවහොත් නීතිමය පියවර ගැනේ.   උසස්  අධ්‍යාපන  අමාත්යාංශය පෙන්වා දෙන පරිදි මේ වන විට නවක වධය නිසා නවකයන් 20 ක් මරු  දැක   27000 ක් සරසවි හැර ගොසිනි. 

සිසුන් නවක වදයට යොමු වන්නේ මන්ද ? මේ සඳහා බහුවිධ කාරනා තිබේ. මූලික වශයෙන් නවක වද වධකයන් සතු පොදු ලක්‍ෂණ කීපයක් තිබේ. මේ හේතූන් නිසා නිරායාසයෙන්ම ඔවුන් අන්‍යන්ට වධ දීමෙත් තෘප්තියක් ලබා ගැනීමට පෙලඹෙති.

1) හීනමානය (හීනමානය මතුවන්නේ කුල පීඩනය / දරිද්‍රතාව / සමාජ අවස්ථා අඩු බව / ශරීරගේ අඩුපාඩු නිසා මතු වන ඩිස්මෝර්ෆික් තත්වය Body dysmorphic conditions)

2) පෞරුෂ අක්‍රමතා (anti social personality / borderline personality)

3) ළමා කාලයේ කාංසාමය තත්වයන්ට යොමු වී තිබීම. ​ මාතෘ / පීතෘ දුර්ස්ථකරණයට ලක් වීම (maternal or paternal deprivation) , අපයෝජනයන්ට ලක්වී තිබීම

4) බාහිර ක්‍රියාකාරකම් නිර්මානශීලීතාව වැනි දක්‍ෂතා අඩු බව, අව ආත්ම සම්මානය ( poor self-esteem)

5) කන්ඩායම් තත්ව වලදී ඉස්මතුවීම සඳහා දරන ප්‍රයත්නය කැපී පෙනීම​ට අන් අයගේ අවධානයට ලක් වීම සඳහා ඕනෑම අවධානමක් කර ගැසීම. කැපී පෙනීම සඳහා ඇති අත්‍යන්ත යොමුව

6) තමන් කෙරෙහි (self loathing) මෙන්ම සමාජය කෙරෙහි ඇති වෛරය
7) සාමාජීය හුදකලභාවය සහ එය වසන් කිරීමට දරන අධි ප්‍රයත්නය

8) අන්තවාදීබව සහ ධ්‍රැවගත චින්තනය ( සියල්ල කලු සුදු ලෙස දැකීම​) (polarized thinking)

9) අඩු සහනුභූතිය (lack of empathy)

10) පරපීඩා කාමුකත්වය (sadism)

නවක වදය සංකීර්ණ ක්‍රියාවලියකි. වින්දිතයා නවක වදයට පත් කිරීමෙන් බලය සහ ආධ්‍යපත්‍ය පැතිරවීම​, වින් දිතයාගේ පූර්ණ එකඟතාව අපේක්‍ෂාව , වින්දිතයාඅවමන් සහගත පත් කිරීම සිදු කෙරෙන අතර මෙයින් වධකයා තම හීනමානතා සංකීර්ණය සන්තර්පන කර ගැනීමත් බිඳී තිබෙන තමන් ගේ අහංභාවය (Ego ) ප්‍රතිසමාධානය කර ගැනීමටත් උත්සුක වෙයි. මේ හැර මූලික වශයෙන් වින්දිතයා නවක වදයට පත් කිරීමෙන් වධකයෝ අවිඥානික මෙන්ම බොහෝ විට සවිඥානිකව ලිංගික තෘප්තිය ලබති. නවක වදයට ලක් වීමෙන් පසු වින් දිතයා තුල කෝපය , අපේක්‍ෂා භංගත්වය , ආකූලතාව , බිය , ආත්ම ගෞරවය කෙලසීගිය ස්වභාවය , යටත් වීමේ මානසිකත්වය , වධකයා සමග ක්‍රෝධය මෙන්ම අවනත බවද පහළ විය හැක​.

සමහර විට නවක වදයට ලක්වූ වින්දිතයන් නවක වදය කෙරෙහි මෙන් ම තමන්ව වධයට පත් කල වධකයන් කෙරෙහි ආශක්තවීම මෙන්ම නවක වදය සොඳුරු අත්දැකීමක් ලෙසට අර්ථ කතනය කිරීමත් දක්නට ලැබේ. මෙම සංසිද්ධිය ස්ටොක්හෝම් සින්ඩ්‍රෝමය ලෙස හැඳින් වේ. (Stockholm syndrome (also known as “terror bonding” and “traumatic bonding”) is a psychological tendency of a hostage to bond with, identify with, or sympathize with his or her captor. This syndrome can be seen as a form of traumatic bonding). සංක්‍ෂිප්තව දැක්වීමේදී ස්ටොක්හෝම් සින්ඩ්‍රෝමය යනු පීඩිතයා විසින් පීඩකයා කෙරෙහි ඇති කර ගන්නා අසාමාන්‍ය බැඳීමයි. ස්වයං වධ බන්ධන ලැදියාව මෙන්ම තම වධකයන් කෙරෙහි ඇතිවන අවිඥානික ලිංගිකව ඇල්මද මේ සඳහා හේතු කාරක වේ. 
 නවක වදය නීරෝගී චරියාවක් නොවේ. නවක වදය කායික මානසික රෝග ඇති කරවයි. නවක වදය නිසා විශාදය (Depression) , භීතිකාවන් (phobias) , පශ්චාත් ක්ලමථ ව්‍යසන අක්‍රමතාව (PTSD) , සමායෝගී ආබාධ (Adjustment Disorder) වැනි මානසික ආබාධ ඇති විය හැකිය​. එසේම අතුරු ආබාධ බොහෝ කාලයක් පවතියි. මේ හැර භංගුර (vulnerable) පුද්ගලයන් අතර මනෝ ව්‍යාධික (psychotic) තත්ව එනම් භින්නෝන්මාදය (Schizophrenia) , අධි තීව්‍ර මනෝ ව්‍යාධි (Acute Transient Psychotic Disorders) වැනි මානසික රෝග වලට ලක්වීමේ ප්‍රවනතාවන් ද නිරීක්‍ෂණය කොට තිබේ.

නවක වදය ශ‍්‍රී ලංකාවේ නීතිය යටතේ අපරාධ වරදක් වන අතර නවක වදය ලබාදීම සම්බන්ධයෙන් වරදකරුවෙක් වන්නකුට වසර 10ක් දක්වා සිර දඩුවමක් වුවද නියම කළ හැක. නමුත් නීතිය මගින් පමණක් නවක වදයට තිත තැබීම අසීරු කරුණකි. ඒ සඳහා සිසුන් මෙන්ම සරසවි ආචාර්‍යවරුන් තුල ආකල්පමය වෙනසක් ඇති කල යුතුය​. නවක වදයව්‍යාධිජනක සංසිද්ධියක් බව සහ වින් දිතයන්ට මෙන්ම වධකයන්ටද මනෝ ප්‍රතිකාර අවශ්‍ය බව සමාජය විසින් තේරුම් ගත යුතුය​.

 

වෛද් රුවන් එම් ජයතුංග 

 එකමත් එක කලක රාජ්‍යය විචාල   මහින්ද නම් රජතුමා 

January 22nd, 2017

ධර්මසිරි සෙනෙවිරත්න 

 1990  අගෝස්තු 9 දින බදාදා  දිවයින අතිරේකයේ පලවූ  මාවිසින් ලියන ලද  ”’අඹ යහළුවෝ ‘ නම්  කතාව( මේ කතාව ” විකුර්ති බුද්ධි ”’  පොතේද   ඇතුලත්ය ) අනුසාරයෙනි 

                  මුළු කතාවම ලිවීමට අපහසු හෙයින් අදට අවශ්‍යම කරුණු පමණක් දක්වා ඇත 

                                                                             ක්‍රි ව .724 මියගිය 3 වන කාශ්‍යප රජතුමාගෙන් පසු රාජ්‍යය භාරවූයේ  මහින්ද කුමරුටය .මාඝාත  හෙවත් සතුන් නොමරනු  යන නීතිය පැනවූ රජුන් අතර මේ කාශ්‍යප එක රජෙකි 

                                                        මහින්ද රාජ්‍යය භාර ගෙන  රටේ පාලකයා වශයෙන් සිය යුතුකම් නොපිරිහෙලා ඉටු කළේය මහා පාලී දාන ශාලාවේ  දිනපතාම  දුගී මගී යාචකාදීන්ට  දන්දීමට  කටයුතුකල මහින්ද රජතුමා දිනක් මෙසේ ඇමතිවරු ඇමතුවේය  .”””’ඇමතිවරුනි , මට විශේෂ රාජ භෝජන  අවශ්‍ය නැහැ . යියන්ට නොදී  කිසිම විශේෂභෝජනයක්  නොගැනීමට මම තීරණය කළා ,. සියලු භෝග  මට මෙන්ම  යදියන්ටද සම විය යුතුය් ””

 මෙසේ ධර්මචාරීව හැසිරෙන  රජතුමා  අනුගමනය කරමින් සෙසොද  ධර්මචාරී වුහ .හෙතෙමේ  ”මහින්දතට ”’ නම් ආරාමය වැඩිදියුණුකර   සිව්පසයෙන් සමුර්ධි කරවීය . .භික්ෂුනීන් සඳහා  අසපුවක් තනවා  ”නගරගල්ල ” හා   ” ආරාම මරියාදක ” යන ගම දෙක  පුජා කළේය .

                                                       තම කුළුපග මිතුරෙකුගේ අභාවයෙන්  ජීවිතයේ නිස්සාරත්වය අවභෝදකරගත්  මහින්ද මෙසේ ධර්ම චාරීවුයේ ඒ කල්‍යාන මිත්‍ර ඇසුර නිසාය . තම පුතා සිටියදීම මෙතුමා තම සොහොයුරාගේ පුතාට උපරාජ පදවිය පිළිගැන්විය එසේ කලේ ඔහු වඩා සුදුස්සා නිසාය  තම පුතාට දකුණු දෙස පාලනය පමණක් පැවරුවේය .

                                              කලක් ගත වුනත් මහින්ද කුමරු  අභිෂේක උත්සවයක් ගන්නා බවක් නොපෙනුන නිසා .ඇමතිවරු රජතුමාට ඒගැන සිහි පත් කළහ ..”’ස්වාමීනි  පෙර සිරිත් ලෙස අභිෂේක මංගල්‍යය පවත් වීමට දැන් කාලයය් ”’

                                         ”””’අභිෂේකය  නොමැතිවීමෙන්  රටට පාඩුවක්  සිදුවී නැහැනේද  ඇමතිවරුනි . මගේ පාලනයේ අඩුවක් ඇද්ද ”’

  ”” ඇමතිවරුනි , අභිෂේකය වැනි උත්සව පවත් වීමට  මගේ ආශාවක් නැහැ ..මගේ කල්‍යාන මිත්‍රයාගේ අභාවයෙන් මට ජීවිතය ගැන පුළුල් අවභෝධයක් ලැබුනා . ආදිපාද තත්වයෙන්ම  පාලනය ගෙනයාමට මම අදහස් කර අවසානය් ””’

                                                      

 ****                                                       *******                                                              *********

පදවි ප්‍රාප්ති වැනි නිස්සාර  උත්සව පවත්වමින් මහජන මුදල් කාබාසිනියා කරන  වත්මන් පාලකයන්ට මේ රජ තුමා  ආදර්ශයක් විය යුතුය  . තම පුතා සිටියදීත්  වෙනත් සුදුස්සෙකුට යුවරජතනතුර දී ම  අදනම් අදහා ගත හැකිද .බාලයන් පුරෝහිතයන් කරගෙන  සිටීම නිසා  විනාශයට පත්වූ පාලකයෝ මහින්ද රජ තුමාමෙන් කල්‍යාන මිත්‍රයන් ඇසුරු කිරීමට පෙලම්බෙත්වා .

                                              මෙදා රට සතුරන්ගෙන් ගලවා ගත මහින් ද නම් පාලකයාටත්  . එදා ඒ මහින්දගෙන්  ඉගෙන ගැනීමට පාඩම් ඇත . .විශේෂයෙන්ම ඔහු උගතයුතු පාඩම නම් බාල දේශද්‍රෝහී බෙදුම්වාදී පුරෝහිතයන්ගෙන් ඉවත්වී කලන මිතුරන් ඇසුර පැතීමේ පාඩ මය් . දෙවැන්න නම් දිවිහිමියෙන් බුද්ධ සාෂණයේ චිරස්ථිතියට වැඩ කරමින් ධර්මචාරී විය යුතු බවය් .මේ ලක්ෂණ සිංහලේ බෝසත් රජවරුන්ගේ ලක්ශ්නයෝ වෙති . 

..””’

Establish a proper procedure to enroll allocated number of students to the science and agriculture faculties according to the available facilities

January 22nd, 2017

Press Release University Teachers for Social Equality

University Teachers for Social Equity (UTSE) emphasizes that there is a significant shortage in admission to some of the degree programs offered by the government universities when compared to the allocated number of students by the University Grants Commission (UGC). We would like to point out that there had been large number of vacancies in the science faculties and agriculture faculties of the UGC funded universities during the past years and the relevant authorities had not been able to take reliable actions to resolve this issue. The UGC has not yet provided final lists of the selected students who passed GCE (A/L) examinations in 2015 to the many of the science and agriculture faculties within the government university system where the students have the opportunities to follow physical science, biological science, computer science, fisheries and agriculture degree programs.

When we analyze the statistics published by the UGC itself (see the table) it is possible to identify the gravity of this issue and it is noted that this issue is becoming worst. Present and previous ministers responsible for Higher Education have been quoting numbers of university admissions from their publications and have been promising that they have been increasing the number of student admissions to universities. It is evident that those statements are not really truthful and that there is a decrease in admissions of students to many of the degree programs.

Some parties, who are justifying and promoting private universities, supports the argument that the government universities has no sufficient facilities and opportunities to expand the government funded universities in order to increase the number of students. However, the above documents published by UGC reveal that the required number of admissions to government funded universities had not been done by UGC for many years to utilize the facilities and opportunities available within those universities.

As a result of this situation, a significant number of students who are unable to afford the cost of private universities had lost their opportunities for higher education and therefore it had prevented the right and the opportunity of the public for utilizing revenue of tax in an optimal manner. This is a highly critical issue for the innocent children who have no any other way of protecting their future other than going through higher education.

Academic Year Colombo Peradeniya SriJapura
  Intake Admission Vacancies Intake Admission Vacancies Intake Admission Vacancies
2010 365 348 17 430 364 66 580 444 136
2011 365 357 8 430 393 37 475 361 114
2012 365 358 7 430 389 41 475 362 113
2013 365 357 8 430 338 92 580 578 2
2014 365 356 9 430 354 76 580 562 18
2015 365 338 27 430 361 69 580 547 33
 
Academic Year Jaffna Ruhuna Eastern
  Intake Admission Vacancies Intake Admission Vacancies Intake Admission Vacancies
2010 425 125 300 340 261 79 250 87 163
2011 340 295 45 250 223 27 300 162 138
2012 340 292 48 250 224 26 300 152 148
2013 425 206 219 340 243 97 250 208 42
2014 425 313 112 340 255 85 250 212 38
2015 425 278 147 340 221 119 250 171 79
 
Academic Year Rajarata Sabaragamuwa Wayaba
  Intake Admission Vacancies Intake Admission Vacancies Intake Admission Vacancies
2010 195 108 87 100 64 36 200 118 82
2011 100 53 47 200 137 63      
2012 100 54 46 200 141 59      
2013 195 118 77 100 69 31 200 140 60
2014 195 88 107 100 74 26 200 163 37
2015 195 118 77 200 162 38      
 
Academic Year Kelaniya South Eastern      
  Intake Admission Vacancies Intake Admission Vacancies      
2010 475 400 75 300 100 200      
2011 425 247 178 195 116 79      
2012 425 254 171 195 113 82      
2013 475 330 145 300 102 198      
2014 475 414 61 300 117 183      
2015 475 429 46 300 237 63      

This issue has been arisen not only due to the inefficiency of relevant authority (UGC) but also due to the associated activities of releasing of GCE(A/L) examinations by the Department of Examinations. The time taken to release GCE(A/L) results also has contributed to this situation up to some extent.

We, as the University Teachers for Social Equity, firmly request authorities to take necessary actions urgently to establish a proper procedure to enroll allocated number of students to the science and agriculture faculties according to the available facilities and opportunities those faculties without keeping a single vacancy. In addition to that we request to take productive actions to change the traditional method of releasing GCE(A/L) examination results and enrolment system at UGC that cause the students put away from the higher education at government universities. We urge all the parties who appreciate the importance of free education and its protection to come forward in order to get the present system changed for the benefit of our children’s higher education.

University Teachers for Social Equality

January 22, 2017

Coordination 0714458399 0712279246 0716966611

රාජ්‍ය විශ්වවිද්‍යාලවල විද්‍යාපීඨ සහ කෘෂිවිද්‍යාපීඨවල ඉඩ පහසුකම් වලට සරිලන ලෙස නවක සිසුන් බඳවා ගැනීමට කටයුතු කරන ක‍්‍රමවේදයක් වහාම ඇති කරනු

January 22nd, 2017

ප්‍රවෘත්ති නිවේදනයයි -සමාජ සමානාත්මතාව සඳහා වන විශ්වවිද්‍යාල ආචාර්යවරු

 පසුගිය වසර ගණනාවක් තිස්සේ ශ‍්‍රී ලංකාවේ රාජ්‍ය විශ්වවිද්‍යාලවල සමහර පාඨමාලා සඳහා බඳවා ගැනීමට නියමිතව තිබූ ශිෂ්‍ය සංඛ්‍යාවට සාපේක්ෂව සැබැවින්ම බඳවා ගන්නා ලද සංඛ්‍යාවේ විශාල අඩුවක් දක්නට ලැබෙන බව සමාජ සමානාත්මතාව සඳහා වන විශ්වවිද්‍යාල ආචාර්යවරු : අවධාරණය කර සිටී. විශේෂයෙන් විද්‍යාපීඨ සහ කෘෂිවිද්‍යාපීඨවල පසුගිය වසර කිහිපයක් තිස්සේ පුරප්පාඩු අති විශාල ප‍්‍රමාණයක් පවතින බවත් මෙම ගැටලූව විසඳීම සඳහා අදාල බලධාරින් මෙතෙක් ඵලදායි ක‍්‍රියාමාර්ගයක් ගැනීමට අසමත්ව ඇති බවත් පෙන්වා දීමට කැමැත්තෙමු. උදාහරණයක් ලෙස 2015 අ පො. ස (උ.පෙ* විභාගය සමත් වූ ශිෂ්‍ය කණ්ඩායම් මේ වන විට බඳවා ගත යුතු උවද බොහෝ විශ්වවිද්‍යාල භෞතීය විද්‍යා ජීව විද්‍යා පරිගණක විද්‍යා කෘෂි විද්‍යා හා ධීවර විද්‍යා උපාධි පාඨමාලා සඳහා ශිෂ්‍යයන්ගේ අවසන් නාම ලේඛණ විශ්වවිද්‍යාල ප‍්‍රතිපාදන කොමිසම විසින් තවමත් ලබා දී නොමැත.

විශ්වවිද්‍යාල ප‍්‍රතිපාදන කොමිසම විසින්ම නිකුත්කොට ඇති සංඛ්‍යාලේඛණ විශ්ලේෂණය කිරිමේදී ( වගුව බලන්න* මෙම ගැටලූවේ ඇති බරපතල කම මැනවින් වටහා ගත හැකි අතර මෙම තත්වය ක‍්‍රමයෙන් උග‍්‍ර අතට හැරෙමින් බවතින බවද නිරික්ෂණය කල හැක. පසුගිය උසස් අධ්‍යාපන ඇමැතිවරයා මෙන්ම වත්මන් උසස් අධ්‍යාපන ඇමති වරයා ද විවිධ අවස්ථාවන්වල සංක්‍යාලේඛණ උපුටා දක්වමින් විශ්වවිද්‍යාල සඳහා බඳවා ගන්නා ශිෂ්‍ය සංඛ්‍යාව ඉහල නංවන බව ප‍්‍රකාශ කොට ඇත. එහෙත් එම ප‍්‍රකාශ සාවද්‍ය බවත් එම සංඛ්‍යා ලේඛණ වලට අනුකූලව සැබැවින්ම බඳවා ගැනීම් සිදු නොවන බවත් ඇතැම් පාඨමාලා සඳහා කෙරෙන බඳවා ගැනීම් ක‍්‍රමයෙන් අඩු වෙමින් පවතින බවත් මින් පැහැදිලිය.

පෞද්ගලික විශ්වවිද්‍යාල ඇති කිරීම සාධාරණීකරණය කිරීම සඳහා ඇතැම් පාර්ශයව ගොඩ නගන තර්කය වන්නේ රාජ්‍ය විශ්වවිද්‍යාලවල බඳවා ගැනීම් පුලූල් කිරීමට අවශ්‍ය පහසුකම් සහ ඉඩ ප‍්‍රස්ථා නොමැති බවයි. නමුත ඉහත සංඛ්‍යාලේඛණ අපට පෙන්වා දෙන්නේ රාජ්‍ය  විශ්වවිද්‍යාලවල පවතින ඉඩ පහසුකම් වලට අනුකූලව බඳවා ගැනීම් නොකෙරෙන බවයි.

මෙම තත්වය පෞද්ගලික විශ්වවිද්‍යාල වලට යාමට මුදල් නොමැති එහෙත් උසස්  අධ්‍යාපනය සඳහා කැමැත්තෙන් සිටිින විශාල පිරිසකට අවස්ථාව අහිමි කොට ඇති අතර උසස් අධ්‍යාපනය සඳහා යොදවන සීමිත ජනතා බදු මුදල් වලින් උපරිම ප‍්‍රතිඵල ලබා ගැනීමට ඇති ඉඩ ප‍්‍රස්ථාව ද අහිමි කොට ඇත. එහි බරපතල කම වඩාත් වැඩිවන්නේ සිය අනාගතය සාක්ෂාත් කර ගැනීමට උසස් අධ්‍යාපනය හැර අන්යමක් නොමැති අහිංසක ¥ දරුවන් රැුසකටු සිය අවස්ථාවන් අහිමි වීමයි.

 

Academic Year University of Colombo University of Peradeniya University of Sri J’apura
Intake Admission Vacancies Intake Admission Vacancies Intake Admission Vacancies
2008/2009 365 348 17 400 364 36 490 444 36
2009/2010 365 357 8 400 393 07 490 361 129
2010/2011 365 358 7 400 389 11 490 362 128
2011/2012 365 357 8 400 338 62 580 578 2
2012/2013 365 356 9 400 354 46 580 562 18
2013/2014 365 338 27 400 361 39 580 547 33
Academic Year University of Jaffna University of Ruhuna Eastern University
Intake Admission Vacancies Intake Admission Vacancies Intake Admission Vacancies
2008/2009 340 125 215 340 261 79 250 87 163
2009/2010 340 295 45 250 223 27 300 162 138
2010/2011 340 292 48 250 224 26 300 152 148
2011/2012 350 206 144 340 243 97 250 208 42
2012/2013 425 313 112 340 255 85 250 212 38
2013/2014 425 278 147 340 221 119 250 171 79
Academic Year Rajarata Sabaragamuwa Wayamba
Intake Admission Vacancies Intake Admission Vacancies Intake Admission Vacancies
2008/2009 100 64 36 200 118 82
2009/2010 100 53 47 200 137 63
2010/2011 100 54 46 200 141 59
2011/2012 195 118 77 100 69 31 200 140 60
2012/2013 195 88 107 100 74 26 200 163 37
2013/2014 195 118 77 200 162 38
Academic Year University of Kelaniya South Eastern University
Intake Admission Vacancies Intake Admission Vacancies
2009/2010 195 116 79
2010/2011 195 113 82
2011/2012 510 330 80 300 102 198
2012/2013 510 414 96 300 117 183
2013/2014 510 429 81 300 237 63

මෙම ගැටලූව පැන නැගී ඇත්තේ අදාල බලධාරීන් ගේ අකාර්යක්ෂමතාව නිසාම පමණක් නොවේ. අ පො. ස (උ.පෙ* විභාග පැවත්වීමේ හා ඇගැයීම් ක‍්‍රියාවලිය, බඳවා ගැනීම් සිදු කරන ක‍්‍රමය කාලය එහි අඩුපාඩු ආදී විවිධ හේතූන් මෙම තත්වය ත‍්‍රිව‍්‍ර කිරීමට හේතු වී ඇත.

සමාජ සමානාත්මතාව සඳහා වන විශ්වවිද්‍යාල ආචාර්යවරු ලෙස අප ඉල්ලා සිටින්නේ රාජ්‍ය විශ්වවිද්‍යාලවල විද්‍යාපීඨ සහ කෘෂිවිද්‍යාපීඨවල ඉඩ පහසුකම් වලට සරිලන ලෙස නවක සිසුන් බඳවා ගැනීමට කටයුතු කරන ක‍්‍රමවේදයක් වහාම ඇති කරන ලෙසය. එමෙන්ම උසස් අධයාපනයෙන් සිසුන් ඈත් කර තැබීමට මුල් පාදන අපගේ විභාග හා බඳවා ගැනීම් ක‍්‍රියාවලිය වෙනස් කිරීමට ඵලදායී ක‍්‍රියාමාර්ගයක් ගන්නා ලෙසයි. මෙම තත්වය ඇති කර ගැනීම සඳහා වහාම මැදිහත්වන ලෙස නිදහස් අධ්‍යාපනය සහ එහි සුරක්ෂිතතාව අගයන සියලූ පාර්ශව වලින් ද ඉල්ලා සීටීමට කැමැත්තෙමු.

 

මෙයට

සමාජ සමානාත්මතාව සඳහා වන විශ්වවිද්‍යාල ආචාර්යවරු

2017 ජනවාරි 20

සම්බන්ධීකරණය 0714458399  0712279246  0716966611

University Teachers for Social Equality (UTSE)

 

Sri Lanka’s airline fails to get bids

January 22nd, 2017

Courtesy The Peninsular Qatar’s Daily Newspaper

Colombo: Sri Lanka has failed to attract bids from international airlines to privatise its loss-making flag carrier, but will continue its efforts to salvage the company, a minister said yesterday.

The government received nine offers but none were from a major international airline operator, State Enterprise Development Minister Kabir Hashim said.

Of the proposals received, the government has shortlisted three, including one from TPG, a San Francisco-based private equity firm.

Hashim is heading a new three-member ministerial panel to decide the future of Sri Lankan which has debts and accumulated losses of over $2bn.
Sri Lankan was profitable before Rajapakse cancelled a management agreement with Emirates in 2008 following a personal dispute.

Sri Lanka’s airline sell-off stalls

January 22nd, 2017

Courtesy The Daily Star

Sri Lanka has failed to attract bids from international airlines to privatise its loss-making flag carrier, but will continue its efforts to salvage the company, a minister said Friday. The government received nine offers for Sri Lankan but none were from a major international airline operator, State Enterprise Development Minister Kabir Hashim said.

“We are still evaluating the proposals, but we are keen to have an airline of international repute that can also bring in traffic that will help our tourism industry,” the minister told reporters in Colombo.

Of the proposals received, the government has shortlisted three, including one from TPG, a San Francisco-based private equity firm. Hashim is heading a new three-member ministerial panel to decide the future of Sri Lankan which has debts and accumulated losses of over $2 billion.

“The new committee was appointed to explore other options,” the minister said. “We don’t know yet what those options are, but we want to get a good international (airline) partner very soon.”

Official sources said the government was keen to attract a big operator from the Middle East or Asia.

Late last year, Sri Lankan cancelled the previous government’s order to lease four brand new Airbus A350-900 long-haul aircraft after paying a penalty of $115 million to aircraft leasing giant AerCap.

Minister Hashim said a separate order of four Airbus A350-900 planes will also be cancelled. Those were scheduled to be delivered after 2020.

Former president Mahinda Rajapakse ordered all eight planes as part of a $2.3-billion re-fleeting programme for the airline, which is now being investigated for corruption.

Sri Lankan was profitable before Rajapakse cancelled a management agreement with Emirates in 2008 following a personal dispute. The carrier had refused to bump fare-paying passengers and give their seats to Rajapakse’s family members.

An angry Rajapakse removed the Emirates-appointed CEO of Sri Lankan from the post and replaced him with his own brother-in-law, who had no airline experience, and is now under investigation for corruption.

Sri Lanka braces for trouble ahead

January 22nd, 2017

STRATFOR ANALYSIS The Manila Times

FORECAST

This year will bring more political infighting in Sri Lanka as former President Mahinda Rajapaksa tries to stir discontent ahead of local elections and constitutional reform.

 The disarray will continue to cause headaches for China, which invested in strategic and lucrative development projects in the country at a more placid time.

Tamil nationalism will further complicate matters as nostalgia for the defunct Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam insurgency increases among members of the ethnic minority.

ANALYSIS

Sri Lanka’s raucous political scene is poised to become even more tumultuous in this year. Once notorious as the home of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam, a militant group better known as the Tamil Tigers, Sri Lanka resolved its decades long civil war in 2009. But in the years since the government’s victory over the Tamil Tigers, the underlying tension between Sri Lanka’s Buddhist ethnic Sinhalese majority (75 percent of the country’s population) and the Hindu ethnic Tamil minority has persisted. Now, Tamil and Sinhalese leaders in Sri Lanka are at odds over the country’s political future, complicating President Maithripala Sirisena’s plans to enact constitutional reforms.

To make matters more difficult for the current administration, former President Mahinda Rajapaksa — who lost power in a 2015 electoral upset — promised in late December to topple” Sirisena’s government this year. Already, Rajapaksa has proved a formidable political foe as the leader of a movement that has forced the government in Colombo to rethink a development deal with China. Though the central government and Parliament still have a few years before the next general elections, the upheaval in Sri Lankan politics — and a round of local elections later this year — will test the sustainability of Sirisena’s administration.

Despite its small size, Sri Lanka holds substantial strategic value by virtue of its geographic position: It is at the center of Asia’s busiest maritime routes and has a wealth of natural deep harbors. Over the years, the country has attracted the interest of nearby India, which intervened periodically in Sri Lanka’s civil war, brokering a peace deal in 1987 and dispatching troops to enforce it. The civil war also afforded China the opportunity to establish a footprint on the island nation. In 2005, when India — along with Western powers concerned with human rights issues — left Colombo to deal with the conflict on its own, Beijing stepped in and offered the Sri Lankan military $1 billion in aid. China continued to lend the country financial assistance even after the war’s end, providing loans for development projects such as hydropower dams, roads and port infrastructure. Today, the Sri Lankan government owes Beijing $8 billion, more than 12 percent of its total $64.9 billion debt. Over one-third of the country’s government revenue goes to servicing that debt.

An inopportune development

Much of the political tumult in Sri Lanka stems from China’s growing influence in the country. On Jan. 8, 21 people were injured and 52 arrested after protests broke out at a ceremony marking the first brick laid at the Hambantota Industrial Zone, a 6,000-hectare (15,000-acre) industrial park near southern Sri Lanka’s Hambantota port. At the same time as the Hambantota demonstration, members of the Ceylon Ports General Employees Union staged sympathy protests at the ports of Galle and Colombo. Adding further weight to the civil action, lawmakers from the Joint Opposition, a parliamentary coalition still loyal to Rajapaksa, also participated in the demonstrations. Choosing his moment carefully, the former president then called for a meeting with China’s ambassador to Sri Lanka to discuss concerns about the project, an initiative Rajapaksa himself proposed while in office.

Chinese colony

Members of the opposition object to the terms of the original agreement, which offers China Merchants Port Holdings Co. Ltd. a 99-year lease on the industrial park in exchange for granting Sri Lanka $1.1 billion in debt relief. (Activists have described the project as the beginning of a Chinese colony” on the island.) Rajapaksa, meanwhile, opposes the appropriation of local village land under the agreement, insisting that the original deal leased only about 300 hectares on a shorter term.

In the wake of the protests, the Sri Lankan government deferred signing the agreement, delegating the matter to a special parliamentary committee — much to Beijing’s dismay. This is not the first time China has weathered a political firestorm sparked by its development projects in Sri Lanka. In March 2015, the $1.4 billion Colombo Port City project, which Chinese President Xi Jinping personally inaugurated six months earlier, came under criticism in Sri Lanka for appearing to grant the Chinese military potential control of the country’s airspace. After repeated delays, the Sri Lankan government finally gave the go-ahead to resume construction on the project, now known as the Financial City,” in March 2016. (On Jan. 5, Prime Minister Ranil Wickremesinghe announced that Sri Lanka’s air force and navy would be handling the project’s security.) The Chinese government struck both deals as part of its Maritime Silk Road Initiative back when Rajapaksa had a tight hold on power. Since his defeat in 2015, the projects have become a source of growing contention between the current administration and Rajapaksa’s supporters in the opposition.

The President’s predicament

The discord in Sri Lankan politics looks unlikely to abate anytime soon. Sirisena, a rival from Rajapaksa’s own Sri Lanka Freedom Party, owes his surprise victory in the 2015 elections in large part to the support of minority parties. Many voters in Sri Lanka’s Tamil-dominated northeastern regions pulled for the current president, likely motivated by distaste for Rajapaksa’s role in the bloody assault on Tamil Tiger territory that ended the civil war — killing thousands of civilians in the process. In addition, Tamil voters objected to Rajapaksa’s attempts to centralize power in Colombo. The Tamil National Alliance, a coalition of Tamil parties that picked up 16 seats in Parliament during the 2015 vote, has put greater regional autonomy at the center of its platform. If the current government does not honor its demands, Sirisena may well lose the Tamil National Alliance’s backing in the next national elections.

Sri Lanka’s geographic challenge

In fact, the coalition threatened Jan. 15 to rescind its support for the president’s constitutional reforms if the government does not heed its calls for a federalist model and a merger of the country’s Northern and Eastern provinces. But doing so would jeopardize Sirisena’s standing among his Sinhalese supporters, who staunchly oppose granting Sri Lanka’s Tamil areas more power. For Rajapaksa, Sirisena’s loss would be his gain, since the former president has positioned himself as the champion of the anti-federalist cause. Though Sirisena has staked his political future on constitutional reforms to reverse Sri Lanka’s executive presidency” system and reform the electoral process, he has little room to maneuver.

Mounting opposition

At the same time, signs of growing grassroots opposition to the central government are cropping up in Tamil areas, mostly in response to the enduring presence of Sri Lankan forces there and their continued occupation of land. (Since the civil war’s conclusion, the military has returned only 5.2 percent of the private land it seized from Tamils following the conflict.) Members of the Tamil minority have even become less restrained in their expressions of nostalgia for the Tamil Tiger insurgency, long considered a taboo in the country. An official in Jaffna district caused national uproar Dec. 28 by stating that Tamil Tiger leader Velupillai Prabhakaran would have made an excellent lawmaker or president. Students in the district even dragged out Tamil Tiger memorabilia and military headstones to celebrated a Tamil holiday.

Notwithstanding the mounting turmoil in Sri Lanka, Sirisena’s rule is not in any immediate danger. His National Unity government holds 155 of the 225 seats in Parliament, while the pro-Rajapaksa faction has only 50 seats.

Furthermore, Parliament cannot be dissolved until mid-2019, and the next presidential election will not take place until 2020. But in the meantime, Rajapaksa and other elements of the opposition will have opportunities to resist the current administration, for instance by continuing to undermine the constitutional reform process. Some opposition politicians have even called for a referendum on the proposed amendments, and if the recent referendums in the United Kingdom, Colombia and Italy are any guide, such a vote could bode ill for the government. The opposition will continue galvanizing dissent against various development projects to stymie the government and frustrate Beijing. Later this year, local elections will shed light on the success of their efforts against Sirisena and on the president’s future prospects. Upsets in these races could tip public opinion across Sri Lanka and prompt the country’s leaders to reassess their alliances ahead of the national votes. (Lead Analyst: Evan Rees)—© STRATFOR GEOPOLITICAL INTELLIGENCE

India Tells Sri Lanka: You Can Take Your Port And Shove It

January 22nd, 2017

Last Wednesday, January 18th, Sri Lanka’s minister for regional development, Sarath Fonseka, told journalists at a conference in New Delhi that terms were being discussed to give Sri Lanka’s northeastern Trincomalee port to India. Sri Lankan Prime Minister Ranil Wickremesinghe reportedly vouched for the veracity of the remarks on the sidelines of Davos. But by Friday India was denying them, stating that they had no interest in taking on a fledgling port that wouldn’t be profitable for a very long time.

 

The offer of Trincomalee port to India was a move designed to offset India’s very outspoken reservations about the amount of Chinese economic and political power that is being consolidated right off their coastlines. To salve India’s fears that some of these Chinese projects could someday have military implications, Sri Lanka attests that they are not partial to any one country in particular when it comes to investment and are willing to do business with a wide array of potential suitors — be they from India, the USA, Japan, Singapore, or China. India was never overtly excluded from any major Chinese-led development project in Sri Lanka, and for some, such as Colombo Financial City, the Hambantota port, and the projected Hambantota industrial zone, they have actually been invited in.

While India has shown inclinations to invest large amounts of money in Sri Lanka — just a few months ago India’s Commerce and Industry Minister Nirmala Sitharaman announced that they would be pumping $2 billion into Sri Lankan infrastructure development — they haven’t exactly jumped right in to make good on this offer. India has its own infrastructure challenges at home, they have a dire need to modernize their own ports, and taking on Sri Lanka’s port at Trincomalee does not appear to be on their near-term to-do list.

Full Report

http://www.forbes.com/sites/wadeshepard/2017/01/21/india-tells-sri-lanka-take-your-trincomalee-deep-sea-port-and-shove-it/#60f09ee6e6e7

We had no intention to agree for their terms, says Mahinda

January 22nd, 2017

Adaderana

January 22, 2017  10:06 pm

 Sri Lanka could not receive GSP+ concession back before because the former government had no intention to agree for the terms of the European Commission, former President Mahinda Rajapaksa says.

He made the observation while speaking at the National Freedom Front convention which was held in Colombo on Sunday.

While clarifying that the country did not face any losses  in the absence of GSP+, he went on to say plans are now underway to implement proposals which could harm the sovereignty of the country.

Rajapaksa also slammed the government over attempts to sell resources of the country and alleged move to draft a Federal Constitution. He also pointed out that immediate action should be taken to put a full stop to the policies of the new government.

– See more at: http://www.adaderana.lk/news/38751/we-had-no-intention-to-agree-for-their-terms-says-mahinda#sthash.XCW6Iiz5.dpuf

විජය කුමාරතුංගගේ පක්‍ෂ සමුළුවට චන්ද්‍රිකා වැද්ද නොගනී.. ප‍්‍රධාන ආරාධිතයා මහින්දයි..

January 22nd, 2017

ලංකා සී නිවුස්

විජය කුමාරතුංගගේ පක්‍ෂ සමුළුවට චන්ද්‍රිකා වැද්ද නොගනී.. ප‍්‍රධාන ආරාධිතයා මහින්දයි..

හිටපු ජනාධිපතිනි චන්ද්‍රිකා කුමාරතුංගගේ සැමිය වන ජනකාන්ත නළු විජය කුමාරතුංග විසින් බිහි කරන ලද පක්‍ෂය වන ශ‍්‍රි ලංකා මහජන පක්‍ෂයේ 33 වන සංවත්සරය ඊයේ දිනයේ ගම්පහ නයිවලදී පැවැත්වින.

එහි ප‍්‍රධාන ආරාධිතයා ලෙස සහභාගී වූයේ හිටපු ජනාධිපති මහින්ද රාජපක්‍ෂ මහතායි.

හිටපු ජනාධිපතිනි චන්ද්‍රිකා කුමාරතුංග මහත්මිය ඊට සහභාගී කර නොගැනීම විශේෂත්වයකි.

ඇසුවේද මෙවන් දෙසුමක් කලින්.. කලන මිතුරු විමල් වෙනුවෙන් මහින්ද හැගුම්බර, ඝාම්භීර දෙසුමක..

January 22nd, 2017

lanka C news | ලංකා සී නිවුස්

ඇසුවේද මෙවන් දෙසුමක් කලින්.. කලන මිතුරු විමල් වෙනුවෙන් මහින්ද හැගුම්බර, ඝාම්භීර දෙසුමක..

ජාතික නිදහස් පෙරමුනේ විශේෂ සමුළුවේ ප‍්‍රධාන ආරාධිතයා ලෙස සහභාගී වූ හිටපු ජනාධිපති මහින්ද රාජපක්‍ෂ මහතා විසින් එම සමළුවේ ප‍්‍රධාන දේශණය සිදු කරනු ලැබීය.

අදාල වීඩියෝව මෙතනින්

1,041 Viewers

දේශපාලනයෙන් ඉවත් වන්නැයි රටවල් දෙකකින් මහින්දට බලපෑම්

January 21st, 2017

මනෝඡ් අබයදීර උපුටා ගැන්ම දිවයින

හිටපු ජනාධිපති මහින්ද රාජපක්‍ෂ මහතාට සක්‍රිය දේශපාලනයෙන් ඉවත්වන ලෙස ප්‍රබල රටක තානාපති කාර්යාලයක්‌ සහ අසල්වැසි රටක බුද්ධි අංශයක්‌ විසින් බලපෑම් එල්ලකර ඇතැයි “දිවයින ඉරිදා සංග්‍රහයට” වාර්තා වේ. ඒකාබද්ධ විපක්‍ෂයේ ප්‍රධානියකු වෙන වෙනම හමුවී අදාළ අංශ දෙක මෙම දැනුම්දීම කර තිබේ.

හිටපු ජනාධිපතිවරයාගේ ජනප්‍රියත්වය ශීඝ්‍රයෙන් පහළ බැස ඇති බැවින් ඔහුගේ ගෞරවය පිණිස මෙම ඉල්ලීම සිදුකරන බවත් එය මහින්ද රාජපක්‍ෂ මහතාට දැනුම් දෙන ලෙසත් ඒකාබද්ධ විපක්‍ෂයේ ප්‍රධානියා හමුවූ ඉහත පුද්ගලයන් දැනුම්දී ඇත.

මහින්ද රාජපක්‍ෂ මහතා නොපමාව මෙම තීරණය ගන්නේ නම් එය ඔහුගේ පවුලේ ඥතීන්ට මෙන්ම ඔවුන්ගේ දේශපාලන අනාගතයටද සුභවාදී වනු ඇති බවද එම තානාපති කාර්යාලය හා බුද්ධි අංශය පෙන්වාදී තිබේ.


Copyright © 2017 LankaWeb.com. All Rights Reserved. Powered by Wordpress