RANGANA HERATH DESERVE TO CONTINUE AS TEST CAPTAIN

November 11th, 2016

By M D P DISSANAYAKE

Rangana has retired from ODI   and T20. but willingly accepted the role of skipper for the Zimbabwe series, winning the series for the country 2-0 and adding further 19 wickets in just 2 test matches. It must be noted that his team had only two seniors, Upul Tharanga and himself.   He marshalled the bowlers extremely well, his field placements were outstanding.

Herath ( 38 yrs ) is physically fit compared with Anglow Mathews and Dinesh Chandimal.   Herath’s age has so far not shown any sign of his inability to play cricket for 5 days, leading the team and performing as the main bowler. Herath has handled and managed the workload with exceptional courage. Retaining Herath as the Test Captain for the forthcoming tour of South Africa is essential, to improve the status of our rankings, by winning against a team at top of the ladder. Even a series draw against South Africa especially   in their own backyard will further strengthen the team’s future performances.

Sri Lanka has been struggling to maintain a respectable position in world rankings for the past several years even though millions of dollars have been paid to the senior contracted players. Players like Tissara Perera had become VIP passengers in a vehicle. We might have now found the right recipe for the test cricket.

Angelo Mathews had not been able to feature as a great leader, bowler or batsman. Angelo’s workload need to be managed to make better use of his skills over a long period of time. Rotational captaincy method is needed in Sri Lanka in all 3 forms of cricket.   Providing an opportunity to Upul Tharanga to lead ODI series against Zimbabwe is a positive direction, as Dinesh Chandimal has also been injury proned quite frequently.

There is no further need to worry about the lack of skills of Mahela, Kumara, Sanath, Murali etc. Our new team of youngsters have demonstrated stamina, patience and aggressive playing styles, bringing back the memories of Sanath and Kalu.

Former Australian Skipper Michael Clerk was removed due to constant injuries as he missed several games repeatedly.   Steve Smith’s performances are also under a cloud at the moment, selectors are pondering possible replacement, perhaps David Warner to carry the mantle.

We urge the selectors to introduce the rotational captaincy system paving way for personnel development and providing opportunity to other players, instead of total domination of the game by selected few for several years.   We have paid the penalty of retaining some players at the top and as skippers for far too long, without any added value.   Therefore, their departure should be a blessing in disguise.

Retaining Rangana Herath as Test Captain should be signalled as a good starting point.

අගමැති රනිල් වික්‍රමසිංහ ඉවත් කරනු | REMOVE PRIME MINISTER RANIL WICKRAMASINGHE

November 11th, 2016

Global Sri Lankan Forum

මහජන පෙත්සම – අගමැති රනිල් වික්‍රමසිංහ ඉවත් කරනු…

ශ්‍රී ලංකා ඉතිහාසයේ මෙතෙක් සිදු වී ඇති විශාලතම වංචාව පාර්ලිමේන්තුවේ පොදු ව්‍යාපාර පිලිබඳ කාරක සභාව (COPE) විසින් විමර්ශනය කරන ලද අතර එහි අවසාන නිගමනය වූයේ, මෙම වංචාව මහා බැංකුවේ හිටපු අධිපති වන අර්ජුන මහේන්ද්‍රන් හා වත්මන් අගමැති වන රනිල් වික්‍රමසිංහ මහතා  ඇතුළත්ව තවත් පුද්ගලයින් කීප දෙනෙක් විසින් ඉතා සූක්ෂම ලෙස සැලසුම් කරන ලද කටයුත්තක් බවය. අපට සක්සුදක් සේ පැහැදිලි වන සත්‍ය වන්නේ ශ්‍රී ලංකා රජයට මෙම ගණුුදෙනුව සඳහා ඍජුවම රුපියල් බිලියන 15 ක පාඩුවක් දැරීමට සිදු වූ අතර මෙහි ප්‍රධාන ගණුුදෙනුකරු වන පර්පෙක්ටු(අ)ල් ට්රෙසරීස් (Perpetual Treasuries) ආයතනය මාස හයක් තුළදී රුපියල් බිලියන 40 ක ලාභයක් වාර්තා කර ගැනීම මෙන්ම කලින් නිකුත් කරන ලද වසර තිහක බැදුම්කරය සමඟ සංසන්දනාත්මක ලෙස බලන විට එහි වක්‍රාශිත ප්‍රතිලාභයේ අනුපාතය වනුයේ 1853% කි. මෙම නීච වෘතාන්තයේ තවත් ප්‍රශ්නාර්ථ රැසක් ගෙන දෙන පැතිකඩක් වනුයේ කිසිම රාජ්‍ය වාණිජ බැංකුවක් විසින් කිසිම ගණුදෙනුකරුවෙකුට කිසිම විටෙක කිසිම ඇපයකින් තොරව මෙම විශේෂිත වූ ගණුදෙනුකරුවාට රුපියල් බිලියන 66 ක ණය මුදලක් ලබා දීමය. මෙම ඉතා වංචනික කර්තව්‍ය වෙනුවෙන් පොලි අනුපාතය 8.8% සිට 11.8% දක්වා මෙම ආයතනය සමඟ රජය විසින් කර ඇති බැදුම්කර ගනුදෙනු 63 ක ඇස්තමේන්තු ගත කරන ලද පාඩුව රුපියල් බිලියන 1554 කි.

අප රට හා එහි ජිවත් වෙමින් දරා ගත නොහැකි තරම් සදා වර්ධනය වන ජීවන වියදම් බරකින් පෙළෙන මධ්‍යම පාන්තික හා දිළිදු ජනතාව ඉතාමත් දැඩි උවමනාවකින් බලා සිටින්නේ මෙම දීන බැංකු මංකොල්ලයට සම්බන්ධ සියලූ‍ පාර්ශවයන්ට දඩුවම් ලබා දෙන්නේ කෙසේද? මෙන්ම කවදාද? කියාය.

මෙම ඓතිහාසික වංචාවට සම්බන්ධ පුද්ගලයින් හා ආයතන ගැන අප රටේ නීති සම්පාදකයින් හා නීතිය බලාත්මක කිරීමේ අධිකාරීන් මේ සම්බන්ධව වහ වහා නෙත් යොමා කටයුතු කළ යුතු බව අපේ ස්ථීරසාර විශ්වාසයයි.

  1. මෙම මහා බැදුම්කර වංචාව අනාවරණය වූ විටදී මෙම වංචනීය නාටකයේ ප්‍රධාන චරිතය වූ සිංගප්පුරු ජාතිකයෙක් වන අර්ජුන මහේන්ද්‍රන්ව මෙවැනි ඉහළ තනතුරකට පත් කිරීම හා කීප වතාවක්ම ඔහුව ආරක්ෂා වන පරිදි කටයුතු කිරීම ගැන වත්මන් අග්‍රාමාත්‍ය රනිල් වික්‍රමසිංහ මහතා වගකීම භාර ගත යුතුය. තව දුරටත් වැදගත් වන කරුණක් වන්නේ මෙම බැදුම්කර වංචාව සිදු වූ ආකාරයටම, කටයුතු කළ යුතු බව හිටපු මහා බැංකු අධිපති වූ අර්ජුන මහේන්ද්‍රන්ට උපදෙස් ලබා දුන්නේ වත්මන් අගමැති රනිල් වික්‍රමසිංහ බව මහේන්ද්‍රන් පැහැදිලිව ප්‍රකාශ කර ඇති බව වාර්තා වී ඇත. යම්කිසි ජනමාධ්‍ය සංවිධානයක් සමඟ සිදු වූ සම්මුඛ සාකච්ඡාවක් හරහා ආචාර්ය රජීව විජේසිංහ මහතා ඉතා නිර්භයව ප්‍රකාශ කළේ මෙම අධි වංචනීය බැදුම්කර ගණුදෙනුවේ උපයාගත් ප්‍රතිලාභ රනිල් වික්‍රමසිංහට හා ඔහු නායකත්වය දෙන එකසත් ජාතික පක්ෂයේ ගිණුම් වලට එකතු වූ බවයි. අප රටේ ප්‍රධානතම මුල්‍ය ආයතනයෙහි සිදු වී ඇති ඓතිහාසික මෙන්ම විශාලතම බැදුම්කර වංචාව ගැන අනිකුත් බොහෝ මාධ්‍ය ආයතන ද විවේචනාත්මක මෙන්ම දීර්ඝ ලෙස පැහැදිලිව වාර්තා කර තිබු‚. 

    උද්ගත වී ඇති තත්වයන් හේතු කොට ගෙන , ස්වාධීන නීති සම්පාධන කිරීමේ අධිකාරියක් විසින් මෙම මහා වංචනික ගණුදෙනුව ගැන සම්පූර්ණ විමර්ශනයක් පවත්වා අවසාන වන තුරු අගමැති රනිල් වික්‍රමසිංහ මහතා එම තනතුරෙන් තාවකාලිකව ඉවත් වීමක් හෝ ඍජුවම ඉල්ලා අස් වීමක් කළ යුතුය.
  2.  එකසත් ජාතික පක්ෂයේ මැතිවරණ අරමුදලට යම්කිසි පාර්ශවයකින් මුල්‍යමය ආධාර යොමු කර ඇත්දැයි ඉතා පරිස්සමෙන් විමර්ශනය කළ යුතුව ඇත. මෙම මහා වංචාව සිදු කළ අයට නියමාකාර නීතිමය පියවර ගැනීම හා වංචනික ලෙස ලබා ගෙන ඇති අරමුදල් සියල්ලම නැවත රජයට අනිවාර්යයෙන් ගැනීමට කටයුතු කළ යුතු බව කරුණාවෙන් සඳහන් කරමු.
  3. අර්ජුන මහේන්ද්‍රන් හා පර්පෙක්ටු(අ)ල් ට්රෙසරීස් (Perpetual Treasuries) ව්‍යාපාරයේ කොටස් කරුවන් හෝ අයිතිකරුවන්ට එරෙහිව වහාම අපරාද නඩු කටයුතු ස්ථාපිත කිරීම හා ඔවුන්ගේ, විශේෂයෙන්ම විදේශීය ගමනාගමනයන් වලට වහ වහා තහංචි පැනවීම සහතික කළ යුතුය.
  4. හිටපු මහා බැංකු අධිපති අර්ජුන මහේන්ද්‍රන් හා පර්පෙක්ටු(අ)ල් ට්රෙසරීස් (Perpetual Treasuries) ආයතනය සමඟ වංචා කිරීමට සැලසුම් කර ඇති ඉහළ පෙළේ මහා බැංකු නිලධාරීන්ට එරෙහිව ද වහ වහා කටයුතු ඇරඹීමට ද සහතික කළ යුතුය.
  5. හරියාකාර නීත්‍යනුකූල ක්‍රමවේදයන් වලින් බැහැරව පර්පෙක්ටු(අ)ල් ට්රෙසරීස් (Perpetual Treasuries) ව්‍යාපාරයට රුපියල් බිලියන 66 ක ණයක් ලබා දුන් රාජ්‍ය අංශයේ මූල්‍යමය ආයතනයේ නිලධාරීන්ට එරෙහිව ද වහ වහා විමර්ශන ඇරඹීමට සහතික කළ යුතුය.

අති ගරු මෛත්‍රිපාල ජනාධිපති තුමනි, ඔබ තුමා මහජනතාවගේ ජනාධිපතිමෙන්ම මහජනතාවට වැඩ කරන නායකයෙක් බව ඔප්පු කිරීම සඳහා මෙම ඉතිහාසගත වන බැදුම්කර වංචාව සම්බන්ධයෙන් ඔබගේ දැඩි අවධානය යොමු කොට අප රටේ මහජන ඡන්දයෙන් පත් කළ ජනාධිපති ඔබ බව අප මහජනතාවට ඔප්පු කරන ලෙස අපි ඉතා ගෞරවයෙන් ඔබ තුමාගෙන් ඉල්ලා සිටිමු.

වත්මන් අගමැති තුමාට ඔබ තුමා හා සමාන්තර අයිතියක් මෙම රටේ නොපවතින්නේ, ඔහු මහජනතාව විසින් ඡන්දයකින් පත් කර නොගත් කෙනෙක් වන අතර එම තනතුරට රනිල් වික්‍රමසිංහ මහතාව පත් කර ඇත්තේ ඔබ තුමාම බැවිනි. මේ සම්බන්ධව අපක්ෂපාතී විමර්ශන කිරීම පිණිස අග්‍රාමාත්‍ය තුමාගේ සේවය අත්හිටුවා දැමීමට අවශ්‍ය කරන බලතල ඇත්තේ වෙන කිසිවෙකුට නොව ඔබතුමාට පම‚.

මහජනතාව විසින් ඔබ තුමා වෙත තබන ලද විශ්වාසය තව දුරටත් නැවත තහවුරු කිරීමට මෙම අත්‍යවශ්‍ය මෙන්ම විධායක තීරණය අපේ අති ගෞරවනීය ජනාධිපති මෛත්‍රිපාල සිරිසේන වන ඔබ තුමා විසින් ගත යුතුව ඇත.

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PUBLIC PETITION  –  REMOVE  PRIME MINISTER RANIL WICKRAMASINGHE

The biggest fraud in the history of Sri Lanka was investigated by COPE and the conclusion was that it was a well-planned act by a few individuals including the former Governor of the Central Bank, Arjuna Mahendran and current Prime Minister Ranil Wickramasinghe. The fact  that the country lost Rs. 15 billion directly and the primary dealer,  Perpetual Treasuries made a profit of Rs. 40 billion within a period of six months –rate of profit being 1853%  – compared to the previous 30 year bond issues and yield curves- and the said primary dealer was extended a loan of Rs. 66 billion by a state institution without any security –  are some of the squalid aspects of this sordid saga. The loss incurred by the Government on account of increased rate of interest directly related to this fraudulent act. to 11.8% from 8.8% for 63 bond sales conducted from the time
 to 31 December had been estimated to be Rs 1554 billion.

The country and her poor citizens who are burdened with the ever increasing cost of living,  are watching with keen interest when and how the perpetrators of this great Bank robbery, are going to be punished.

We are of the view that following individuals, incidents and the institutions should receive the attention of law- enforcement authorities of the country.

1. Prime Minister, Ranil Wickramasinghe who appointed Arjuna Mahendran, a citizen of Singapore in spite of several objections and who defended Arjuna Mahendran on many occasions when the bond scam was exposed. Further, it is on record that the former governor of Central Bank, Arjuna Mahendran had stated that it was the Prime Minister who wanted him to handle the bond issue in the manner it was performed. At an interview with a media organization, Dr. Rajeeva Wijesinghe boldly mentioned that the funds earned through the scam went to Ranil Wickramsinghe and the UNP. Many other media outlets have also reported extensively on the biggest robbery of the premier financial institute of the country

In the circumstances,  Prime Minister Ranil Wickramsaingheshould resign or stand down until  investigations are completed by an independent  law-enforcement authority.

2. Investigate whether any payments received from this deal were credited to the UNP elections fund. Please ensure that the required legal steps are taken to punish the perpetrators. and to recover these funds.

3. Ensure that criminal proceedings are commenced immediately against  Arjuna Mahendran and the owners of Perpetual Treasuries and urgent steps are taken to impose restrictions on their movements

4. Ensure that immediate investigations are commenced on the Central Bank officials who colluded with the former Central Bank Governor and Perpetual Treasuries.

5. Ensure that investigations are conducted on the officials of the State Institution that  extended a loan of Rs. 66 billion to Perpetual Treasuries without following due process.

We request you, Sir, as the President of Sri Lanka, to give this glaring financial fraud, your utmost attention and demonstrate to the country that YOU ARE THE PRESIDENT OF THE PEOPLE and  act for THE PEOPLE because YOU WERE ELECTED BY THE PEOPLE.

The Prime Minister, on the other hand, has no parallel claim because he was only CHOSEN BY YOU AND NOT THE PEOPLE. You alone have the authority to terminate the Prime Minister’s services, thus paving the way for an impartial inquiry.

This appropriate and urgent executive decision would restore the confidence placed in you by THE PEOPLE.

Note : Image Copyright Ishara S. Kodikara @ gettyimages

This petition will be delivered to:

  • President of the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka
    H.E Maithreepala Sirisena

Some say frying red chillies is good for stress release because it makes you sneeze, cough out yellow stuff from the chest and throat then tears drooling from the eyes and many more.

November 11th, 2016

Dr Hector Perera      London

I received lots of emails from Sri Lanka then from other countries as well after watching my energy saving cooking programme in Sirasa TV in Sri Lanka. They all appreciated my attempt to save energy and to avoid any smell depositing on them while cooking. I replied to many then one University graduate from Matara Sri Lanka also send me an email after watching my energy saving cooking in Sirasa TV. She said that she followed my method to cook in order to save energy and avoid any smell depositing while cooking.

I replied to them, glad you all understood the fact that I didn’t open the chicken curry like most Sri Lankan ladies do. One of them mentioned that at least 5 to 6 times they open the boiling chicken curry and kept on stirring. Not that they wanted a secret aroma beauty therapy but they keep on opening and stirring for no obvious reason.

Why they lick hot hot “Hodi” many times

Heat is lost in three ways, convection, conduction and radiation. The material of the cooking pan absorb some heat then pass it on to the contents inside the pan. The convection currents inside the cooking pan and that will bring the heated liquids from the bottom to the top and give the heat to the contents. No need to keep on stirring and licking the “HODI FROM POLKATU HANDA” several times unless you want to shower with cooking aroma then walk up and down like a TANDOORI CHICKEN. These chemicals like any other chemicals cannot be seen but once they deposit on any cold surface they give out a special smell like I said before. Those clay pots are bad conductors of heat and have less thermal capacity that means do not retain any heat for a long time whereas stainless steel are good conductor of heat and have a good thermal capacity. I admit that our mum also cooked in clay pots but the time has changed. May be I didn’t explain all these terms in the Sirasa TV cooking programme at that time.

British TV chef are really funny

I really want to help these British people as well how to save energy but didn’t get the chance to appear in TV, never mind keep on trying. Believe me no British TV chef cooks like me saving energy. To me they just waste energy, chat chat unwanted things, out of the topic of cooking subjects then bath in fumes, sometimes they let the cooking pan catch fire purposely. May be they wanted the public attention that way, to me that is not energy saving cooking.

Baking cannot save any energy

Some British TV cooking programmes are mainly devoted for baking cakes and the judges are handsomely paid just to taste those cakes. If I am not mistaken all what the judges do is to taste the cakes. I think their judgements depend on the decorations as all the taste of cakes are the same as they are all made out of nothing but sugar. The so called bakers or who content for the titled of baker, mix sugar, flour, butter then baking soda then bake them in an oven. While it bakes some of them kneel down and virtually bow at the oven, is that necessary? Once you put the cake into the oven there is nothing much to do, cannot adjust the flame like in cooking other than waiting them to get baked.

Cooking rice

Try not to measure the depth of water in the pan by fingers, that time is gone. Put two tea cups of water from a tea cup for one cup for one cup of rice. Better to let the water get warmed while you wash the rice then put the rice into the warm water that way you even save five minutes of waiting time in the kitchen. Make sure rice is washed properly to get rid of the outer soluble starch. Within five minutes it will boil and give out froth then shut the gas completely. Then start again but keep the flame minimum. If you got it right then steam must come out like small jets of steam, no over flowing. Too difficult to get it right at first time but try. Note the time then after an half an hour just off the gas and leave it like that, don’t open it for at least 15 minutes because the steam is unsettled. I call it due to high entropy that is a scientific term. Let’s do one at a time.

 Other smelly stress releasing things to cook

Please let me know if you got it right then I will tell you know how to cook chicken or fish curry. I really like “KARAWALA TEL DALA” but no smell deposit on me when I cook scientific way. How about “FRYING HAAL MESSO”. Then frying dry red chillies? You must be releasing your stress by sneezing several times then comes the drool from the nose, am I correct? I will show how to do without that mess, how by applying science to cooking. That means I make use of the thermal capacity of the hot oil so that the dry chillies absorb that heat. By the way you need to fry some “papadams” first at low heat then shut the heat and leave it for three minutes then only you add those chillies. Take my word, no smell, you will not drool from the nose then no sneezing either.

Laughing therapy in India

Did you know in India they have a stress releasing therapy called laughing therapy? Similarly most Sri Lankan ladies release the stress by frying dry chillies because that makes you sneeze several times, then comes yellow stuff from the chest and throat then you need to spit out. It does not stop there, then comes tears drooling from eyes then you need to sneeze again and then you need to clean the nose by blowing the nose, am I correct? Most people just wipe those snot and many more on their clothes including “Kussi amma” as they don’t carry tissue, do they? Don’t believe me? Never mind, I hope my work helped you to save about 60% energy in cooking rice. I really need to demonstrate again how to cook and save energy and stop any smell depositing while cooking. Just imagine if five millions of people saved that much energy on every time they cooked rice, how much money would they save per month then for an year? Please let me know how it worked then take it from there. Your comments are welcomed perera6@hotmail.co.uk

Viragaya and Aravinda

November 11th, 2016

Dr Ruwan M Jayatunge 

 Viragaya novel is a turning point in Sinhala literature. Literary genius Martin Wicramasinghe vibrantly portrays Aravinda’s character in Viragaya digging deep in to his inner psyche.

Arvada’s conscious experience and ideas running through his mind are central part of the novel.  His emotions, conscious and unconscious psychological conflicts are described in a literary style by the author. Viragaya can be considered as one of the first and best psychological novels in Sinhala literature.

Martin Wicramasinghe was excellent in character scrutiny. For instance he presents Piyal (in Gamperaliya) who is a round character that experienced personal   growth through a life struggle. Piyal is a type A personality – ambitious, highly status-conscious, sensitive, and impatient. On the other hand Saviman Kabalana (in Yuganthaya) is an egocentric intellectual businessman who has self-seeking needs to climb the ladder of prosperity. In Viragaya Martin Wicramasinghe introduces an atypical, sensitive but relatively inactive non hedonic character named Aravinda.

According to the author this unique character was his own creation. But there are some parallels between Aravinda and Tissa Kaisaruwatthe -one of the characters in Gamperaliya also created by the same author. Furthermore there are some similarities between Aravinda and Ivan Goncharov’s Oblomov – a novel that was published in 1859. Ilya Ilich Oblomov is a Russian nobleman who cannot seem to find the ambition to accomplish anything and incapable of making important decisions. Like Aravinda Oblomov fails to express his love for Olga Ilinskaya. Aravinda andOblomov share an endemic lassitude which is known as Oblomovism. Oblomovism is the tendency toward apathy and inertia.

Oblomov decides he must work out a plan but never quite gets around to it. He had expected much from life as a young man, but, finding his first job in an office trivial and meaningless-just pushing useless papers and writing silly reports-he had resigned in disgust and taken to his bed. Later in the story he gets up, goes into society, falls in love, plans to marry-but the thought of having to straighten out his affairs is too much for him-so he relapses into his former state and lives out the rest of his slothful life (Dunea,  1978). Oblomov’s syndrome represents a melancholic man’s disinclination.  There are similar tendencies in Aravinda’s character.

Wicramasinghe describes Aravinda’s introversion personality dimension in its finest details. Aravinda is an introvert who is hesitant and reflective. He focuses on internal feelings rather than on external sources of stimulation. His reservedness and introverted mindset guides his destiny. He is a unique character and differs in his enduring emotional, interpersonal, experiential, attitudinal, and motivational style.

As described by Wicramasinghe, Aravinda is a righteous character trapped in biological instincts and cultural pressure. The complexity of Aravinda’ s character reveals the inner world of a man who was brought up according to the Sinhala Buddhist village traditions and how he struggles to fulfill his hidden biological desires leading to a dramatic transformation. Living in a collectivistic culture he exhibited a higher degree of conformity. In addition Aravinda is lacking in confidence, easily frustrated and insecure in relationships.

As John Donne said no man is an island. Man is a social being and as such, one of his innate needs is the desire to form interpersonal relationships with other human beings. In other words being social is basic to all humans. However, biology and society are not the only influence on people: there is also the influence of culture (Taflinger, 1996). The American cultural anthropologist Margaret Mead saw an individual as a product of culture that shape the person in unique manners.

Some experts speculate that culture is part of human biology. Culture operates through biological mechanisms—brains, hormones, hands—and the causal pathways by which it acts are certain to prove densely tangled with genetic causes (Richerson, & Robert, 2001).  The Sinhala Buddhist village culture had dramatic impact on Aravinda.  His ideas, morals and behavior were shaped by a culture that echoed non violence, non hedonism and strong morals.

Martin Wicramasinghe knew the importance of culture and its impact on an individual. He was aware of the -cultural interactions, culturally-determined behavior and individual characteristics. Wicramasinghe indicates the socio-cultural factors that governed Aravinda’s behavior pattern.

Culture is the general expression of humanity, the expression of its creativity. Culture is linked to meaning, knowledge, talents, industries, civilization and values. Culture and customs are at the center of the social order in various communities. As described by Hogan (1996) social roles, life events, and social environments change during the life course, and such factors have been suggested as important influences on basic personality traits.  Aravind’s life and personality was shaped by the Sinhala Buddhist village cultural and moral traditions. However Aravind’s childhood experiences and life events transformed him further. The culture and childhood experiences affect his moral behavior.

According to some Sociologists morality is a culturally conditioned response. Human morality is a key evolutionary adaptation. Moral behavior is the legacy of an evolutionary past in which individuals behaving pro-socially simply had higher fitness than other group members, and hence their pro-social behavior is selfish, not altruistic (Price, 2008). In this context Wicramasinghe posed a question: what constitutes a good life? Is it to follow asceticism and renounce worldly pleasures or embrace it? Aravinda tries to practice asceticism but when his biological urges come in to action he was shifting between theoretical morality and lived morality finally leading to moral ambiguity. Hence Aravinda failed in asceticism.

According to the mundane assumptions Aravinda is a failure. His ambition to become a doctor and apparent   hematophobia (fear of blood) and aversion to dissect dead bodies prevented him from pursuing his goal. There are certain evidences to consider that Aravinda was impacted by Necrophobia.  It was resonated as a hidden persistent fear.

Freud’s case study “Wolf Man” narrates Infantile Neurosis. According to this case study as a toddler the subject had witnessed his parents having intercourse. It increases the subject’s castration anxiety. Similarly young Aravinda was troubled by castration anxiety. His self-alienation is stemming from apparent castration anxiety.

Freud stresses the importance of castration and of the ego’s defenses against castration anxiety. He speaks of the relinquishment of oedipal object cathexes and their substitution by identification with parental authority, which forms the nucleus of the superego; of desexualization and sublimation of the libidinal strivings of the complex and of aim inhibition and transformation of these strivings into tender impulses. (Loewald, 2000).

For Freud, sexuality is always psychosexuality, the sexuality of the subject of the unconscious. Freud regarded castration anxiety as a universal human experience. The castration complex is the instance of the humanization of the child in its sexual difference’ (Mitchell 1982). With the castration complex Aravinda was introduced   into the world of social rules, regulations and roles. However Aravinda’s castration anxiety may have affected theformation of the super-ego, ego development. It affects his socialization process.

There are a number of social factors affect Aravinda’s destiny. The untimely death of his father and subsequent financial problems forced him to give up his education and start a petty job. Hence his ambition to climb the social ladder was disrupted. Aravinda is compelled to live a simple insignificant life. Internally he becomes confounded.

Aravinda’s early life experiences were complicated and his preferred attachment figure was his father. Freud believed that the father begins to play an important role in development when the child enters the phallic stage of development (Shaffer, 2008). One can assume that in pre-Oedipal years Aravinda’s primary figure was his father and he made an immense impact on his later life.

Early experience influences later development. Some of Aravinda’s behaviors were stemming from his childhood. The early experience account for individual differences in many aspects such as cognition, behavior, social skills, emotional responses and personality (Malekpour, 2007). Several theorists have suggested that the role of attachment may center on the way in which children respond to sources of threat and challenge, and the extent to which children are able to draw on parental support and comfort as a means of coping (Kobak, Cassidy, Lyons Ruth, & Ziv, 2005).

Ainsworth (1989) described “affectional” bonds. According to Bowlby (1982) affectional bonds is a type of attachment behavior one individual has for another individual. Affectional bonds are persistent rather than transitory and are centered on a specific individual. The affectional bond has strong emotional significance. Aravinda exhibits shallow affectional bonds.

According to the novel Aravinda has a cold relationship with his mother. It’s reasonable to believe that Aravinda’s insecure attachment in childhood had major impact on him.  Insecurely attached children develop internal working models that consist of negative expectations about the self in relation to others (Bowlby, 1982).Aravinda has difficulties in forming secure attachments in adulthood. Also it leads to moral masochism.

Masochism is a residue of unresolved infantile conflict (Blum, 1976). Masochism “arises from sexual overvaluation as a necessary psychical consequence of the choice of a sexual object (Freud in 1905). Sigmund Freud claimed that repressed feelings of guilt lead to a need for suffering—a phenomenon he called “moral masochism”.  According to Lebe, (1997) formation of severe masochism is the relationship between an indifferent, possessive, or rejecting mother and a helpless child in the earliest years, before object constancy.

The Hungarian Psychiatrist Margaret Schönberger Mahler who developed the separation–individuation theory of child development vastly wrote about mother-infant duality.  According Mahler regression of social behavior could be resulted by maternal deprivation. Although Aravinda did not experience maternal deprivation he was distancing himself from the mother. Therefore Aravinda was affected by numerous unconscious psychological conflicts.

Who was Aravinda?   Was he a moral masochist? This is a serious question. Perhaps Aravinda had the unconscious need for punishment. Throughout the novel readers can find self-torment self alienation and self-sabotage in Aravinda’s actions. In the original account in Three Essays, Freud tends to see sadism as the primary condition, masochism a kind of sadism turned back on the self, and both powered by a more-or-less fungible drive to libidinization (Gardiner, 2013). Aravinda was guided by the unconscious sense of guilt. It emerges as a form of obsessional neurosis.

Jacques Lacan highlighted that that obsessional neurosis designates not a set of symptoms but an underlying structure. Obsessional neurosis could be clinically mistaken for a psychosis (Lacan, 1953). Apparently Aravinda never had any psychotic features but his obsessional neurosis was evident for a greater degree. Rosenberg (‎1968) sates that depression is a common complications of obsessional neurosis. As described in the novel Aravinda exhibited foremost symptoms of depression in the latter stage of his life.

Did Aravinda have an unconscious wish to lose? The researcher Rosenthal (2015) specifies that pathological gamblers have an “unconscious wish to lose,” an idea first expressed by Freud and Bergler. Likewise Aravida has an unconscious masochistic wish to lose his relationship and endure emotional pain. Aravida‘s moral masochism is a visible trait. He has an   unconscious need   to seek castigation from others. When his elder sister verbally abuses him Aravinda shows extreme passiveness. In addition he invites Bathie and her mother to stay in his home knowing that dirty rumors are already spreading in the village.

When his girlfriend Sarojini offered her love and gave her consent to live with him Aravinda faces a moral dilemma. Living together is an unacceptable option for him following religious and cultural traditions. Socio-cultural and religious taboos prevent Aravinda to take a radical decision and to be with his girl friend. Yet he had no any other viable option to suggest her. Although Aravinda was sexually exited by both internal and external cues, his indecisiveness lack of confidence jeopardized the relationship. Sara marries his best friend and Aravinda becomes lonely for the rest of his life.

At this point Wicramasinghe indicates that Aravinda displays lower self-confidence than Sarojini. As a girl Sarojini was bold enough to suggest living together or de facto relationship when they faced opposition by Sara’s parents and Aravinda’s relations. But Aravinda becomes inactive and ambiguous. He is indecisive.  It shatters their relationship beyond repair.

When Sarojini got married to his best friend Siridasa, Aravinda was not jealous but heartbroken. He tries to forget the past and adjust to his present tedious life. He represses his biological urges and lives like an ascetic. But his libido remains ambiguous.

Did Aravinda experience gradual personality changes? Seivewright, Tyrer and Johnson (2002) indicate that change in personality status could occur in neurotic disorders. There are gradual personality changes in Aravinda and finally he becomes an emotionally numbed -dormant character.

Aravinda has a number apathy related signs in his final years. Apathy is generally defined as a lack of motivation and decrease in activities of daily living   performance. He has lack of effort, diminished concomitants of goal-directed behavior, unchanging affect and lack of emotional responsivity to positive or negative events. After he lost Sarojini and Bathie Aravinda’s apathy increased.

Aravinda experiences social loneliness as well as emotional loneliness. As described by Clinton and Anderson (1999) social loneliness specifically indicates a lack of companionship and is related to the number of close friends. Emotional loneliness, in its turn, indicates a lack of intimacy with close friends and has nothing to do with the number of friendships. Aravinda has diminished inspiration to participate in social situations and activities. Also lack of perceived competence.  His emotional detachment and apathy could be due to melancholic depression.

Aravinda seems to be having more restricted socio-sexual orientation. Simpson Gangestad (1991) illustrated Socio-sexual orientation which describes individual difference in the willingness to engage in sexual activity outside of a committed relationship. Individuals with a more restricted socio-sexual orientation are less willing to engage in casual sex; they prefer greater love, commitment and emotional closeness before having sex with romantic partners. However in Aravinda’s case his restricted socio-sexual orientation leads to sexual deprivation.

Aravinda’s sexual deprivation and sexual repression make him an isolated person. McClintock (2006) states that sexual repression is often associated with feelings of guilt or shame being associated with sexual impulses. Aravinda’s sexual deprivation and sexual repression has guilt based history. Adding up it is further reinforced by the Sinhala Buddhist village cultural traditions.

French philosopher Michel Foucault believed that the Western society suppressed sexuality from the 17th to the mid-20th century. As a British colony Sri Lanka was affected by Victorian morality. Even though the Victorian literature emphasized strong morality, in 1956 Martin Wicramasinghe valiantly conversed about de facto relationship in Viragaya.

Chattopadhyay (2011) points out that Victorian women were rarely offered fresh active fictions bearing imaginative possibilities of challenge. From infancy women were kept in ignorance of their own bodies to experience puberty, defloration and sexual intercourse as mystery. There was a noticeable sexual ‘amnesia’ in women. Aravinda’s girlfriend Sarojini challenges Victorian morality and attitudes. Wicramasinghe describes female sexuality and sensations via Sarojini‘s character. Hence the reader finds that Sarojini was more advanced than an ordinary village girl of that era.

After Sarojini left him Aravinda had no interests in worldly pleasure or accumulating wealth. His desolation andnostalgia begins to grow. He was sexually deprived. Aravinda’s loneliness makes him to get close to his young servant girl Bathie. He begins to develop concealed erotic desire towards her. Bathie‘s beauty evokes his repressed content. Aravinda struggles between morality and biological instincts which leads to a despondent condition in him.

When Bathie was small Aravinda had a fatherly love which gradually transformed in to a hidden desire without any physical intimacy.  However he repressed his sensual desires due to ethics and moral pressure from the society. This condition could be explained using psychoanalytic tools. In Moses and Monotheism, Freud showed that ethics originates in “a sense of guilt felt on account of a suppressed hostility to God”. He further states thus.

Analyse any human emotion, no matter how far it may be removed from the sphere of sex, and you are sure to discover somewhere the primal impulse, to which life owes its perpetuation. … The primitive stages can always be re-established; the primitive mind is, in the fullest meaning of the word, imperishable. … Mans most disagreeable habits and idiosyncrasies, his deceit, his cowardice, his lack of reverence, are engendered by his incomplete adjustment to a complicated civilisation. It is the result of the conflict between our instincts and our culture.

Aravinda’s non –hedonistic attitude stemming from his cultural background and from his parsimonious childhood. His self-mortification is deeply embedded. But when he finds Bathie is arousing his biological urges he gradually tries to get close to her breaking social taboos. There are vast social and age difference between Bathie and Aravinda, however his erotic desires obscure these differences.

Anyhow Bathie finds no erotic attraction in Aravinda. Assuming her middle aged master’s motives Bathie shows strong resistance sometimes exhibiting rude behavior. When Aravinda comes to know that Bathie has a lover he becomes a jealous man.  He becomes furious.  Aravinda’s sexual jealousy is a complex emotional state that filled with anxiety, worry, sadness, anger, hate, regret, blame, bitterness, and envy. His thoughts are egodystonic. However he covers it up. It does not develop in to pathological jealousy or conjugal paranoia.

Following Bathie’s refusal to stay in his home and her decision to get married to her lover make Aravinda more discontent. He feels the abandonment.  He becomes emotionally shut-down and numbed. Bathie’s departure creates an emotional imprint on his psychobiological functioning. Bathie was his background object. Now the object is lost. Aravinda was prevented from expressing his sexuality for the second time.

At this point Aravinda’s physical and mental health are in jeopardy. His guilt and self-inflicted suffering grows.The emotional crisis leads to melancholia which pronounced in physical channels. We see some depressive elements in Aravinda after he lost Sarojini and Bathie. His Anhedonia (inability to experience pleasure from activities usually found enjoyable) causes him to detach from social relations further. Since Depression and moral masochism are inseparable (Markson, 1993) Aravinda’s moral masochism leads to more seclusion. He is struggling with feelings of alienation.

When Aravinda became seriously ill Bathie returns. She looks after her old master like a father. She has fatherly love towards him. At this stage Aravinda’s feelings are immensely numbed. He dies while he was on Bathie’s care.

Wicramasinghe’s Viragaya highlights meaninglessness and absurdity. Perhaps Wicramasinghe grasped the concept of absurdity, developed by the French Philosopher Albert Camus.  According to Albert Camus life is meaningless unless one is willing to take a leap of faith to the divine or, alternately to commit suicide. And his third alternative was: acceptance of a life without prima facie evidence of purpose and meaning (Papadimos, 2014).  Moreover Camus introduced two central concepts: absurd and the rebellion. Aravida was a rebellion who refused to lead a traditional life.

Albert Camus suggested metaphysical revolt to combat meaninglessness and absurdity. According to Camusmetaphysical rebellion is the means by which man protests against his condition and against the whole of creation. It is metaphysical because it disputes the ends of man and creation. Aravinda launched his metaphysical revolt when he lost his girlfriend. But he was unsuccessful.

Aravinda alienated himself from the society and was critical about the social traditions and social institutions. His alienation was a silent protest.

Seeman (1976) elaborated the concept of alienation by fragmentation of the phenomenon into six variants named powerlessness, normlessness, meaninglessness, self-estrangement, social isolation, and cultural estrangement. Alienation is considered to be a condition that leaves no one unaffected, but does impact people in different ways and extremities in relation to their status in society. Aravinda gradually lost the sense of social belongings(connectedness). His interpersonal relationships were shattered. He lost two key persons in his adult life which pushed him to a dim solitude.

According to Baumeister and   Leary (1995) belongingness appears to have multiple and strong effects on emotional patterns and on cognitive processes.  Lack of belongingness creates a solipsistic nihilism in Aravinda. Isolation and self estrangement are two further consequences of alienation, possibly leading to loneliness, anxiety, or even depression (Hobart, 1965). Aravinda shows some elements of depression in the latter part of his life.

Following socio cultural taboos he repressed his biological urges.  But he had no moral fiber to fight back social and cultural walls that kept him trapped. His moral masochism leads to ambiguity in personal relationships.

In a world where everything is absurd, meaningless and impossible “the only ultimate significance must be one which includes, or accepts, the meaninglessness of all recognized values and concepts (Shah, 2012). Hence in the latter stage of his life Aravinda accepted the meaninglessness and his own destiny. Eventually Aravinda dies as an isolated man who could not full fill his inner desires. Although he failed in his material life he faced his own death without any fear or anxiety. He was not consumed by the death anxiety.

Death is an event, the cessation of life. Death is a powerful human concern that has been conceptualized as a powerful motivating force behind much creative expression and philosophic inquiry throughout the ages. Confronting death and the anxiety generated by knowledge of its inevitability is a universal psychological quandary for humans ( Lehto & Stein  2009). Death anxiety is likely a universal human phenomenon given the biological architecture of emotional memory concomitant with higher-level cognitive structures that permit futuristic anticipation and prediction (Yalom, 1980).  The conscious awareness of the inevitability of death could provoke fear which is called thanatophobia. Thanatophobia is an exaggerated, specific, structured fear of death.

Aravinda faces his final days with courage and vigor.  He had no dread, or apprehension. Eventually Aravinda becomes a hero by defeating death anxiety. He overcomes the fear of the unknown.

Holodomor – Ukrainian Famine and Genocide

November 11th, 2016

Dr Ruwan M Jayatunge

The term Holodomor refers specifically to the brutal artificial famine imposed by Stalin’s regime on Soviet Ukraine and primarily ethnically Ukrainian areas in the Northern Caucasus in 1932-33. In the spring of 1933, the rural population of Ukraine was dying at a rate of 25,000 a day, half of them children. The land that was known worldwide as the breadbasket of Europe was being ravaged by a man-made famine of unprecedented scale. 1.5 million Ukrainians fall victim to Stalin’s “dekulakization” policies. Over the extended period of collectivization, armed dekulakization brigades forcibly confiscate land, livestock and other property and evict entire families. Close to half a million individuals in Ukraine are dragged from their homes, packed into freight trains and shipped to remote uninhabited areas such as Siberia where they are left, often without food or shelter. A great many, especially children, die in transit or soon thereafter. (Holodomor -1932-33)
 
The British novelist Arthur Kaestler visited the Ukrainian city of Kharkiv during the Famine. He revealed his horrendous experience in 1949 book The God That Failed. He wrote: “I saw the ravages of the famine of 1932-1933 in the Ukraine: hordes of families in rags begging at the railway stations, the women lifting up to the compartment window their starving brats, which, with drumstick limbs, big cadaverous heads and puffed bellies, looked like embryos out of alcohol bottles …”
 
Stark (2010) indicate that the Holodomor in Ukraine in 1932-33 is a sinister example of an artificial and undoubtedly intentional induction of famine through unfavorable government decisions. It illustrates that not only political economy and Stalinist government policy in the form of collectivization but indeed the intentional faminogenic behavior of Stalin and a small group of his government officials, caused devastating starvation and the deaths of millions of people. Conquest (1987) estimated 14.5 million–more than the total number of deaths for all countries in World War I died in the Ukrainian Holodomor.
 
Holodomor had gruesome impacts on the Soviet society. The serial murderer Andre Chikatilo (alias the Red Ripper / Citizen X) who killed 53 women and children over the period of 15 years later confessed to Dr. Alexander Bukhanovsky – Psychiatrist of the Rostov Medical University that he was a psychological victim of the Holodomor. According to the statement given by Andre Chikatilo during the famine the villagers had cannibalized his seven year old younger brother Stephan.

Sinhabahu and the Oedipus Complex

November 11th, 2016

Dr Ruwan M Jayatunge  

The mythological Story of Sinhabahu describes the origins of the ‘Sinhala’ race. The Sinhalese are an ethnic group native to the island of Sri Lanka. The Sinhalese speak Sinhala -an Indo-Aryan language (Lewis, 2009).The name Sinhala translates to lion people.

According to the Sinhabahu mythology, the Princess Suppadevi of Vanga Kingdom (a kingdom located in the eastern part of the Indian Subcontinent) was kidnapped by a ferocious lion and took her to the wilderness. While living with the lion she became pregnant and had twins. The newly born son was named Sinhabahu (means-hands like a lion’s paws / the lion armed)) and daughter was named Sinha Seevali. The lion kept them in a cave and used to cover the entrance with a mighty rock.

When Sinhabahu was sixteen years of age, he removed the megalith and escaped with his mother and the sister. They went to the Lala kingdom evading the lion. When the lion found that the family had escaped it became furious and attacked villages seeking Princess Suppadevi and two children. The desperate villagers pleaded the King to rescue them from the fierce lion. The king of the Lala kingdom requested Sinhabhu to stop the menace caused by the lion. Young Sinhabahu went in search of the lion and killed him with a deadly arrow.

The people praised Sinhabahu for rescuing them from the evil beast. He was rewarded as a hero. After killing the lion Sinhabahu becomes the Archetypal Hero. Joseph Campbell in Hero with Thousand Faces (1968) indicated that hero is “any male or female who leaves the world of his or her everyday life to undergo a journey to a special world where challenges and fears are overcome in order to secure a quest, which is then shared with other members of the hero‟s community”

Sinhabahu’s story was told through the generations. Oral-traditional stories detail their heroes’ growth through a narrative pattern of exile and return that places the heroes in situations repeatedly challenging their strength and resolve (Scot, 1990). Archetypes may find their way into narratives in the form of a typical character, story line, plot, imagery or themes and through their interconnectedness provide a platform for analysis. Hero and hero‟s journey is one of the archetypes that are almost always present in narratives in every culture.

Prince Sinhabahu built a city called Sinhapura (The Lion City) and married his sister Sinha Seevali. They had a son named Vijaya. According to Mahawansa Prince Vijaya was the first recorded King of Sri Lanka from 543 BC to 505 BC.

The lion or the beast was the father of Prince Sinhabahu who kidnapped his mother from her clan. The lion could have been a metaphor for a strong man with a monstrous strength or a man with a lion face (consider that fact that in Hansen’s disease lion-like appearance or leonine facies is evident).

Prof Gananath Obeyesekere postulates that Sinhabahu myth is the paradigmatic myth of the Sri Lankan Oedipus.  In his outstanding publication, The Work of Culture Symbolic Transformation in Psychoanalysis and Anthropology Prof Obesekara states that the Sinhabahu myth is striking for the absence of reference to remorse or any ethical qualms for father killing.

The Prince Sinhabahu’s father was a lion which was a symbolic representation of a strong male. All symbolic representation has its genesis in the social, ideological and political concept (Miller, 2011). Hence Lion became the symbol for the ‘Sinhala’ race.

Carl Jung believed that animals almost invariably represent instincts and each animal represents a different instinct. Lion is an archetypal symbol for the Sinhalese people. A symbol has at its kernel a breath of life energy, be it instinctual or archetypal, named libido or anima (Jutta von Buchholtz, 2000).

Obeyesekere explores what he calls “symbolic remove”–the process through which symbolic forms existing at the cultural level. Symbols thus created are regressive because of their ontogenesis in individual development and unconscious processes, while also being progressive, in that the unconscious thought transforms the archaic motivations of early experience and looks forward to their realization in experience of the sacred (Nuckolls, 1997).

Culture is a regulator of human life and identity. Culture arises from shared symbols, language, ideology, beliefs, rituals, myths, stories and dominant metaphors (Fischer & Dirsmith, 1995). Sinhabahu is a cultural symbol as well as a dominant metaphor. For the Sinhala’ race “Lion” became the totem animal. As Freud viewed the clan is celebrating the ceremonial occasion by the cruel slaughter of its totem animal. When the Prince Sinhabahu killed the lion people became over joyed and celebrated the slaughter. He was hailed as the king or the savior. However the lion symbol became the clan’s identity.

The Jungian Psychologist Barbara Hannah pointed out the archetypal symbolism of the lion, which entered the fourth class for it is becoming more and more divine. With its angry, roaring, fiery and passionate nature it is a wonderful symbol for the God of the Old Testament who has to be transformed by the doves of Diana.

Emile Durkheim (1915) proposed that animism and totemism were the primal forms of religion. In ancient Sri Lanka 4 tribes (Siv Hela) could be identified. These were Raksha, Yaksha, Naga and Deva tribes.  Before the introduction of Buddhism to Sri Lanka (before 250 B.C) these tribes worshiped trees and stone monuments. They believed that spirits, and demons inhabit the earth. Still totemism and animism prevail among the Veddas (‘forest-dwellers’) – the indigenous people of Sri Lanka.

The Prince Vijaya – son of Sinhabahu was exiled from the kingdom and he came to Sri Lanka with his 700 followers. Vijaya married a local prince from the Yaksha tribe. Kuveni bore him two children, a son and a daughter. Later Vijaya abandoned Kuveni and his two children. He married a princess from India.  Kuveni’s children fled the palace and lived in the jungle. Veddas are descended from Kuveni’s children.

Jung recognized that there were universal patterns in all stories and mythologies regardless of culture or historical period and hypothesized that part of the human mind contained a collective unconscious shared by all members of the human species, a sort of universal, primal memory. There are many mythological stories like Sinhabahu that could be found in the ancient cultures.  Dr Wijaya Dissanayaka, Consultant Psychiatrist and the eminent lecturer, was on the view that most of these stories narrate the killing of the beast or the dragon by the hero, which truly depicts the oedipal conflict.

In the Hindu epic Mahabharata is a narrative of the Kurukshetra War and the fates of the Kaurava and the Pandava princes. According to Mahabharata the King Babhruvahana kills his father Arjun with an arrow.

The ancient English poem Beowulf and Sinhabahu has some similarities. The Beowulf – the oldest surviving epic poem in the English language that was written in 700 AD evolved through many retellings before it was written down. Beowulf narrates an epic story of a prince who kills a terrible monster known as Grendel and frees the people.

From Sinhabahu to Beowulf and to the modern day Star Wars (the clash between Luke Skywalker and Darth Vader) symbolize the conflict between farther and son. All these stories have one thing in common. The son is challenging the father’s authority projecting his primal hate towards the father and eventually commenting a patricide.

Sigmund Freud was fascinated by the greatest works of world literature such as Oedipus Rex, The King, Hamlet, and the Brothers Karamazov that dramatically describe the unconscious motives of patricide.

Oedipus Rex, written by the Hellenic poet Sophocles, describes the patricide and incest motif. In the psychoanalytic perspective, it was transitional dynamic of the “ego” overcoming the “superego.  In Civilization and Its Discontents (1930) Freud wrote that it is impossible to get “away from the assumption that man’s sense of guilt springs from the Oedipus complex and was acquired at the killing of the father by the brothers banded together.

Freud never had a chance to read the Sinhabahu legend, but Carl Jung might have read it when he came to Sri Lanka. However, there were no any psychoanalytical writings based on Sinhabahu by Jung.

Sigmund Freud expressed that parricide was the great crime at the base of all social evolution. In Totem and Taboo (1913), Freud’s cultural speculation on the Primal Father – the dominant male (The Lion in the Sinhabahu’s instance) Freud suggested that eventually the displaced sons of the primal father banded together and killed their oppressive patriarch.

Freud was on the view that in primitive societies, the head of the family gave free reign to the instinctual manifestations of his aggression at the expense of all others. Freud luridly wrote about the patricide and its unconscious motive. He made an emphasis on the term ‘Vatermord’ or murder of the father by the son. Freud further states that the hero commits the deed unintentionally.

Sigmund Freud theorized that the triadic family (mother, father, and child) maintains a complexity of love and competition. (Phelan, 2005).  Freud introduced the term ‘Oedipus complex’ in his ‘Interpretation of Dreams (1899). According to him, the concept is a desire for sexual involvement with the parent of the opposite sex, which produces a sense of competition with the parent of the same sex and a crucial stage in the normal developmental process (Ahmed, 2012).

The Oedipus complex is the psychic representation of a central, instinctually motivated, triangular conflictual constellation of child-parent relations. For Freud, the father was the foremost provider and protector, as well as the castrator if his authority and predominance were challenged (Loewald, 2000).The child has fantasies of taking his father’s penis, wishing him dead, and murdering him.

The killing of the father is, in Freud’s view, the requirement for the creation of the social order which, from then on, prohibits all killings. The father, however, has to be killed metaphorically only, as the actual exclusion of the father lies at the origin of so many psychopathologies from violence to the psychoses and perversions (Perelberg, 2009).

Dr Vamlk Volkan, Professor of Psychiatry of the University of Virginia, luminously writes on the killing of the totem animal or the patricide thus.

Long ago primitive people lived in small tribes led by despotic leaders. With his unlimited power, the leader or father considered all the women of the tribe his exclusive property. If the young men of the tribe, or sons, expressed jealousy, they were killed, castrated or excommunicated.  Their fate unbearable, the young men joined forces, killed the father and ate him. But the father’s influence would not disappear. In death he became more powerful. Haunted by the ghost of their father, the sons replaced him with a horrible and strong animal, a totem. It absorbed the sons’ ambivalence—the simultaneous hate and love they were experiencing for their dead father. Since the ghost of their father lived in the totem, however, the sons were still not free of his influence and their hate for him, as well as their love for him, continued. Totemism is thus both a religious and a social system” (Hence, the totem animal was used to maintain two useful prohibitions—one against killing the totem animal (patricide) and the other against having sexual relations with women of the same totem or clan (incest).  (Totem and Taboo in Romania: A Psychopolitical Diagnosis – Dr. Vamlk Volkan) 

In Totem and Taboo Freud, profoundly analyzed the incest in the ancient human societies and intricately discussed the emotional ambivalence associated with totem objects. He saw a similarity between the obsessional rituals associated with totem clanship and their taboos.

What is a totem? It is as a rule an animal (whether edible and harmless or dangerous and feared) and more rarely a plant or a natural phenomenon (such as rain or water), which stands in a peculiar relation to the whole clan. In the first place, the totem is the common ancestor of the clan; at the same time it is their guardian spirit and helper, which sends them oracles and, if dangerous to others, recognizes and spares its own children. Conversely, the clansmen are under a sacred obligation (subject to automatic sanctions) not to kill or destroy their totem and to avoid eating its flesh (or deriving benefit from it in other ways). The totemic character is inherent, not in some individual animal or entity, but in all the individuals of a given class. From time to time festivals are celebrated at which the clansmen represent or imitate the motions and attributes of their totem in ceremonial dances (Totem and Taboo Sigmund Freud).

Freud connects totemism’s sexual restrictions to the Oedipus complex, where the totem is an image of a forefather, who had expelled his sons from the “horde” he ruled, to prevent them from having intercourse with the women of the horde. The sons joined in a severe revenge: “One day the expelled brothers joined forces, slew and ate the father, and thus put an end to the father horde (Stenudd, 2006).

Freud further stated that the totem feast, which is perhaps mankind’s first celebration, would be the repetition and commemoration of this memorable, criminal act [patricide] with which so many things began, social organization, moral restrictions and religion. Freud articulated that the Horror of Incest” concerns incest taboos adopted by societies believing in totemism. According to the Sinhabahu legend, the Prince Sinhabahu violated two social taboos. He killed the Lion (totem animal /father). Later the totem animal Lion became the father and guardian spirit of the Sinhala tribe. However the Prince Sinhabahu violated the totemic codes and marred his sister Sinha Seewali – the woman of the same totem which can be described as an incest. Loewald (2000) wrote that incest may be seen as the other side of parricide, the side where love appears dominant.

In Totem and Taboo Freud stated:   The totems were originally only animals and were considered the ancestors of single tribes. The totem was hereditary only through the female line; it was forbidden to kill the totem (or to eat it, which under primitive conditions amounts to the same thing); members of a totem were forbidden to have sexual intercourse with each other.

Freud hypothesized that the existence of a primitive horde whose father is omnipotent; the murder of the father by the group of brothers, leading to the growth of the totemic clan, and the conditions for this possibility of thought. The legend Sinhabahu gave the totemism, -system of belief in which the Sinhala Nation got a mystical relationship with a spirit being -the Lion and it became the eternal symbol of the Sinhala Nation.

Acknowledgements 

1)      Gananath Obeyesekere – Emeritus Professor of Anthropology at Princeton University

2)     Vamlk D. Volkan – Doctor of Medical Science honoris causa, University of Kuopio, Finland

3)     Dr. Lewis Kirshner- Harvard Medical School, Department of  Psychiatry

4)     Dr. Éric Smadja – psychiatrist, a psychoanalyst, a member of the Société psychanalytique de Paris and of the International Psychoanalytical Association (IPA), a couples psychoanalyst, and also an anthropologist and associate member of the American Anthropological Association.

References

Ahmed, S. (2012).Sigmund Freud’s psychoanalytic theory Oedipus complex: A critical study with reference to D. H. Lawrence’s “Sons and Lovers. Internal journal of English and literature Vol. 3(3), pp. 60-70.

Campbell, Joseph, 1968 & 2004. The Hero with Thousand Faces. Oxford: Princeton University Press.

Fischer, M. J. and Dirsmith, M. W. (1995), “Strategy, technology, and social processes within professional cultures: A negotiated order, ethnographic perspective”, Symbolic Interaction, Vol. 18 No. 4, pp. 381-412.

Jutta von Buchholtz. (2000).Animals and the Psyche.Quarterly News.

Lewis, M. P. (2009). Ethnologue: Languages of the World, Sixteenth edition. Dallas, Texas.

Loewald, H.W. (2000).The Waning of the Oedipus Complex.J Psychother Pract Res. 9(4): 239–249.

Millar, K. (2011). The Power of Cultural Symbolism. Retrieved from http://www.societyandself.com/the-power-of-cultural-symbolism.html

Nuckolls, C.W. (1997).Review of the work of culture: Symbolic transformation in psychoanalysis and anthropology. Psychoanalytic Psychology, Vol 14.133-134.

Obeyesekere, G. (1990). The Work of Culture: Symbolic Transformation in Psychoanalysis and Anthropology.University of Chicago Press.

Perelberg, R.J. (2009). Murdered father; dead father: revisiting the Oedipus complex.Int J Psychoanal. 90(4):713-32.

Phelan. J.E. (2005). Consequences of the Unresolved Oedipal Paradigm: A Review of the Literature.Journal of Evolutionary Psychology, Vol. 27, No. 3-4.

Scott, A. (1990).The ethics of heroism in medieval and American Indian tales.Am Indian Alsk Native Ment Health Res.  3(3):37-58.

Stenudd, S. (2006). Psychoanalysis of Myth. Retrieved from http://www.stenudd.com/myth/freudjung/

Volkan, V.D. (1995.) Totem and Taboo in Romania: A Psychopolitical Diagnosis. Mind and Human Interaction, 2: 66-83.

Race to White House

November 9th, 2016

P.A.Samaraweera

During the last 18 months there was a bruising and hard fought contest between Hillary Clinton (HC) and Donald Trump (DT) for the post of US  President. Apart from the US, the whole world eagerly watched the outcome as the US President is supposed to occupy the most powerful seat in world politics . According to the US media and polls, the favourite was HC. The results of the 3 debates were also in her favour. Political analysts as well predicted a win for HC. This was probably because DT appears to be an unusual character. Some claimed him to be an eccentric as he is outspoken.

But when election results trickled, pollsters were dismayed. Their predictions had gone awry.  In a historic victory, DT had become President elect. This is remarkable because he has no political experience, whereas HC had been in politics for nearly 30 years.The people who were disillusioned with main stream politics supported DT. Further, HC had been The US Secretary of State supporting some of Obama’s unpopular policies. DT in his election campaign had repeatedly said that under him the US will not  be the policeman of the world. Hope he stick to this. Because the US created unnecessary problems in the world by pursuing this role.

Back in Sri Lanka, some Tamils led by NPC council members Sivalingam and Ananthi Sasitharan had offered prayers at a famous Hindu Temple in the North for HC’s victory and broken 1008 coconuts. Obviously, they have been backed by the Tamil diaspora. During the 2008 Presidential elections the LTTE rump funded HC. During the war, she blocked the IMF agreed assistance to Sri Lanka. After the war, she visited the Chief Minister of Nadu to show her solidarity with the Tamil diaspora. So it is a big relief that Hilary Clinton got defeated and Donald Trump became President elect.

P.A.Samaraweera

Trump campaign manager does not rule out special prosecutor for Hillary Clinton – MSNBC

November 9th, 2016

RT

Donald Trump’s campaign manager, speaking on MSNBC, said appointing a special prosecutor for Hillary Clinton can’t be ruled out, adding that discussion regarding the issue will happen “in due time.”

Trump and Vice President-elect Mike Pence are “looking to unify the country, but we haven’t discussed that in recent days, and I think that it’s all in due time,” campaign manager Kellyanne Conway told MSNBC in an interview, as quoted by Reuters.

Trump did not bring up the issue when speaking on the phone with Clinton overnight, the campaign manager added in a separate interview for ABC.

View image on Twitter

During his campaign, Trump said that if he wins, Clinton might end up with a special prosecutor looking into “her situation.”

If I win, I am going to instruct my attorney general to get a special prosecutor to look into your situation. Because there have never been so many lies, so much deception,” he said at the October 10 debate.

Trump then also added that Clinton owed an apology for the “33,000 emails you deleted” and that she “would be in jail” if he becomes president.

Photo published for 'You'd be in jail' Trump says to Clinton & other debate zingers — RT America

‘You’d be in jail’ Trump says to Clinton & other debate zingers — RT America

Trump says Hillary Clinton would be in jail if he were in charge of the justice system, promising to hire a special prosecutor to “look into her situation” if he’s elected president.

The FBI has been looking into Clinton’s emails for a few months now, but their response has been “no charges.”

In late October, the agency said that they would take new, “appropriate investigative steps” into Clinton’s use of a private server during her time as US Secretary of State.

They received a search warrant to look through some 650,000 emails on ex-Congressman Anthony Weiner’s laptop, which was apparently also used by his wife, Clinton’s closest aide, Huma Abedin.

In July, the probe ended with no charges being made, as with the latest search: in the Sunday letter, FBI director James Comey wrote that the agency has “not changed our conclusions that we expressed in July with respect to Secretary Clinton.”

Hail, Trump!

November 9th, 2016

Editorial Courtesy The Island


It was America’s Brexit moment. Donald trumped Hillary Clinton’s Democratic leviathan which was backed by media moguls and Wall Street to the hilt and secured the much-coveted US presidency.

Trump was demonised by his opponents and the media in such a way that even the people in far away countries thought his election would precipitate the Apocalypse. No sooner had the polling got underway in the US than the prospect of a Trump victory jolted Asian markets, which had expected an easy Clinton win. Those who panicked will have to come to terms with reality and face a world with Trump as the US President.

It was a case of ‘Trump vs the Rest’ with all US and western corporate media besides web publications and opinion makers ganging up against him. Even CNN and prestigious publications like The New York Times stood accused of being partial to Clinton. What Trump has won is not an election as such but a propaganda war of Goebbelisian proportion. Not all key Republicans threw their weight behind him; some of them even campaigned hard against him, calling him names. Even international figures such as UNHRC Chief Zeid Hussein, who should not get involved in the political affairs of UN member states, campaigned against him openly. A beleaguered Trump has won against all of them.

Trump was given several nasty sobriquets including racist, misogynist, bigot and fanatic early in the race and they would have demoralised any other candidate. Do the election results indicate that Americans have endorsed the negative attributes Trump was said to possess? No! Desperate for a leader to hoist their country from the morass it finds itself in, they were left with no alternative. Whether Trump will be able to play the messianic role as promised and live up to their expectations remains to be seen.

The entire American system was loaded in favour of Clinton. Even the mighty FBI buckled under pressure; it had to lift the so-called email scandal cloud in time for the polls to ensure that her interests would not be adversely affected. If Bernie Sanders, the best candidate in the race, had received that kind of backing he would have been able to beat Trump.

Those who strove to defeat Trump made a fatal mistake. They underestimated the power of the conservative white America, which has proved that it is still a force to be reckoned with by propelling the man of its choice to victory.

Americans needed a US president to solve their problems and not a President of the World, as it were, to get involved in engineering regime changes in developing countries to the neglect of national priorities. Trump promised to stay maniacally focused on domestic affairs and building the economy without being distracted by exporting democracy to the rest of the world. Americans knew if Clinton won, she would be another leader like Barack Obama. They voted for Trump.

One of the biggest challenges before Trump will be to make America, characterised by the gung-ho zeal of a gunslinger, less arrogant and more tolerant. He, in spite of his rhetoric, seems to have realised the need to rebuild America and recast its image. If the US solves its own problems without being a problem to other countries, it will help solve most of the problems the world is faced with.

It is hoped and prayed that the sobering political reality will have a mellowing effect on Trump and he will prove his critics wrong by conducting himself responsibly. He, no doubt, has to fulfil his pledges ‘to make America great again’, but some of his promises are best left unfulfilled if he is to win over the voters, mostly minorities, who did not back him. After all, he has declared, in his victory speech, he is the President of all Americans.

Questions over the floating armouries – Floating armoury controversy – Part II

November 9th, 2016

Continued from yesterday Courtesy The Island

If the world of maritime security was murky, the murkiest part of it was the floating armouries. In this article The Island staffer C. A. Chandraprema examines the controversy surrounding the Galle floating armoury of Avant Garde Maritime Services.

By 2012, the number of firearms of foreign maritime security companies coming into the Galle naval armoury for storage had increased exponentially. What started with just 12 firearms as a temporary measure to help in the fight against piracy soon became a flood with well over one thousand foreign owned weapons lying in the Galle naval armoury at any given time. The navy was at one point making around Rs. 80 million a month from storage fees. In October 2012, a report by the UK based Security Association for the Maritime Industry (SAMI) observed that the SL government has for some time been concerned about the increased movement of large quantities of foreign owned arms and ammunition through Galle.

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There was the possibility of some of these weapons finding their way into the hands of the underworld as some foreign private maritime security companies never claimed their weapons after depositing them in the naval armoury and a stock of non-moving items had rapidly built up. Even though Sri Lanka was obliged to facilitate the measures taken to combat piracy in terms of the UN Security Council resolutions and the IMO Circulars, and the foreign maritime security companies and their sea marshals were all duly registered in their home countries, the weapons they used were not always legal and some lacked ‘end user certificates’ which indicate the country that is authorised to use the firearms. This was discussed in the Sri Lankan Security Council and the Defence Ministry was instructed to look for alternative ways of storing these firearms without disrupting the international anti-piracy effort.

It was as a solution to the build-up of foreign owned weapons in the Galle navy camp that Avant Garde at the request of Rakna Lanka, prepared a proposal to set up a floating armoury outside Galle as a joint venture so that these weapons were taken out of Sri Lanka into a privately administered armoury without the Sri Lankan navy having to store such weapons. The navy would provide protection for this government approved but privately administered floating armoury, and see to it that foreign owned unregulated floating armouries were not allowed in SL territorial waters. Various foreign parties were at that time trying to set up floating armouries outside the territorial waters of Sri Lanka to cash in on the weapons storage business. On one occasion, the Sri Lankan navy had come across an unregulated floating armoury and had ordered it to sea dump its weapons and leave Sri Lankan waters. A formal request had also come in from Iran to station one of their warships close to Sri Lanka to function as a floating armoury.

Around October 2012, Avant Garde set up MV Mahanuwara a floating armoury outside Galle in collaboration with the navy and Rakna Lanka. When a ship requires to disembark their sea marshals while leaving the high risk zone, the local agent of the maritime company hires a boat and with representatives from the navy and Rakna Lanka picks up the sea marshals in mid sea and takes them to the floating armoury where they deposit their weapons and then proceed to Galle and from there on to Katunayake to fly back to their countries. When embarking from Galle, the same process takes place in reverse. Avant Garde, the Navy and Rakna Lanka all shared the profits from the operation. Avant Garde charged USD 3,500 per transfer from its Galle floating armoury – this covered the cost of storing a ‘set’ of weapons which would be up to four assault rifles and the accompanying body armour and helmets etc. Of the total revenue, 17% was paid to the navy and another 18% was paid to Rakna Lanka as royalties. However the government did not spend any money on setting up the operation. The Galle floating armoury was given permission to operate from Sri Lankan territorial waters and to come into the Galle harbour when necessary.

Britain takes the lead again

To a question put to him by the Commission to Investigate Allegations of Bribery and Corruption whether he had given Avant Garde Maritime Services an opportunity to enrich themselves by authorising them to store the weapons that had earlier been stored by the navy, former Defence Secretary Gotabhaya Rajapaksa replied that if he had wanted to enrich a private company, all that he needed to do would have been to simply ban the weapons of foreign maritime security companies from being stored in the Galle naval armoury so that any private party could have set up a floating armoury off Galle and reaped the full income from the storage operation without sharing anything with the navy or Rakna Lanka. Furthermore he explained that the reason why Avant Garde had been chosen to run the Galle floating armoury was that they were already operating two floating armouries in the Red sea and the Gulf of Oman, which were being used by Rakna Lanka. Furthermore Avant Garde was the only Sri Lankan security company in the country with that kind of expertise.

Having privately contracted sea marshals on ships plying the high risk area of the Indian Ocean had become the accepted practice by 2012. However there was no such consensus on the use of ‘floating armouries’ by these private maritime security companies. The International Maritime Organisation at the 95th session of the IMO Maritime Security Committee held in June 2015 observed that “whilst more merchant ships use privately contracted armed security personnel, many costal states in the region are not prepared to provide armoury, magazine and storage facilities for their weapons in their port areas. Consequently a number of floating armouries were set up by private companies providing a service around the high risk areas where weapons, ammunition and security related equipment could be stored on vessels outside territorial waters of coastal states. The Maritime Security Committee 95 … could not agree on how to approach this issue…”

According to the Council of the European Commission, the same situation prevailed at the European Firearms Experts (EFE) meeting held in April 2015 in Helsinki, where the participants had been unable to come to a conclusion but had observed that ‘the use of floating armouries will go up for practical reasons’. In this situation of indecision, the main force backing the use of floating armouries was once again the British government which was always prepared to look after the interests of the global maritime security industry which was dominated by British operators. Paul Gibson the Director of the British security industry body the ‘Security in Complex Environments Group’ (SCEG) told the Inter-Governmental Working Group on Private Military Security Companies of the Human Rights Council on 28 April 2015:

“Floating armouries are a feature of maritime security operations in the Indian Ocean and the industry represented by SCEG were determined to have appropriate licenses authorising the use of these maritime platforms for the storage of weapons…without these licenses British Companies had a stark choice either to cease trading or run the very serious risk of being in breach of UK trade laws… After several months of engagement… the Department for Business Innovation and Skills announced that it would issue UK trade licences authorising the use of floating armouries for the storage of controlled equipment including firearms.”

What everybody wanted was somebody to take responsibility for these floating armouries. For instance, on 19 August 2014 the Indian government made representations to the 94th sessions of the Maritime Security Committee of the IMO stating that on 12 October 2013 a floating armoury by the name of ‘Seaman Guard Ohio’ was intercepted within Indian territorial waters with 35 assault rifles and 5,680 rounds of ammunition. They complained that terrorist attacks had been launched in India with weapons brought in by sea particularly in Mumbai on 12 March 1991 and 26 November 2011 and that as of mid-2012, approximately 18 floating armouries were operating on the high seas. India considered the presence of these unregulated floating armouries to be a matter of serious concern and requested that the details of floating armouries that transit the exclusive economic zone of coastal states be mandatorily shared with the coastal state authorities so that they would be fully informed about merchant ships that carry weapons in their waters.

Request to regulate, not ban floating armouries

It should be noted that India did not call for the banning of the floating armouries but requested the IMO to develop guidelines for regulating the operation of these floating armouries. Thus even India seemed to be thinking on the same lines as the British, wanting recognition and regulation. In this regard, Sri Lanka along with the British government was right on the cutting edge with regard to the development of regulated and supervised floating armouries. On 7 July 2013, the British House of Commons Committee on Arms Export Controls was formally informed by the Business Minister Michael Fallon, that the government will soon begin issuing UK trade licences authorising the use of floating armouries for the storage of firearms on a case by case basis after assessing a range of criteria. The Minister informed the British parliament that his government will be granting approval initially to a floating armoury called the MV Mahanuwara, which is operated by a company called Avant Garde Maritime Services of Sri Lanka, operated under the authorisation and the protection of the Sri Lankan Ministry of Defence. Thus a Sri Lankan floating armoury became the first to be approved by the British government.

Among the criteria applied by the British government, were details of the legislation and regulations the vessel is subject to, including details of any inspections of the floating armoury. In this regard, the fact that MV Mahanuawara functioned as a joint venture between Avant Garde Maritime Services and the fully government owned Rakna Lanka under the protection and supervision of the Sri Lanka navy was obviously the reason why the British government decided to license this floating armoury first. No other floating armoury had such credentials and this tripartite link between a sophisticated private security company, the government’s own security company and the Sri Lanka navy’s authority over the operation represented the most cutting edge public-private partnership in maritime security at that time.

The benefits of having government approval and backing for a floating armoury was demonstrated quite early on in October 2012 when the UAE government detained the ‘Sinbad’, a floating armoury belonging to Avant Garde Maritime Services operating off the Gulf of Oman, which had strayed into their waters. Once this floating armoury was proved to be a joint venture with a government owned enterprise in Sri Lanka, and storing mostly Sri Lankan government owned weapons, the ship was released in about a week after the checks were completed. Nobody was arrested and the UAE authorities only questioned the men on board. One could say that what the Indians were also looking for was that kind of guarantee with somebody taking responsibility for the weapons in the floating armouries. According to the report of the Business, Defence and Foreign Affairs Committees presented to the British Parliament in October 2014, all three of the floating armouries operated by Avant Garde in Galle, the Red Sea and the Gulf of Oman, were approved by the UK government to be used to store the weapons of British private maritime security companies.

Streamlining the Galle floating armoury operation

There were several agreements between Avant Garde and Rakna Lanka. One of these was the agreement to transport weapons between the Galle harbour and the Katunayake airport. This was for instances where the weapons of private maritime companies would end up in far off destinations and had to be brought back to Sri Lanka by air to be used for another deployment. Transporting weapons by air was a difficult and expensive process and would be resorted to only under compelling circumstances. Being able to carry out the transfer of weapons from the Katunayake airport to the Galle harbour and vice versa streamlined the operation of the Galle floating armoury project.

There was also another agreement for the training of foreign sea marshals at the Katukurunda firing range – another income generating project which provided a service to foreign private maritime security companies by providing their sea marshals with the refresher training that was needed to retain their licences. Often, the weapons used for firing practice belonged to the security company concerned, since many foreign private security companies used weapons that were very different from the ones used in Sri Lanka. In such instances the weapons belonging to the foreign security company were sent from the Galle harbour to Katukurunda under navy escort and brought back in the same manner after the training. The trainees were given a certificate signed by the CEO of Rakna Lanka, the Navy area commander, and an Additional Secretary of the Ministry of Defence. These courses were organised when a private maritime security company made a request through their agent in Sri Lanka.

There was also an agreement between Avant Garde and Rakna Lanka to have a bonded warehouse at the Colombo harbour to store the weapons of the sea marshals in vessels that call at the Colombo port. So long as the vessel remained in the Colombo harbour, the weapons of its sea marshals were stored in the bonded warehouse. When the ship was leaving the weapons would be returned to the sea marshals and a fee charged for the storage. The services offered to the international maritime security industry in Sri Lanka were both comprehensive and cutting edge. Nowhere in the world were such well regulated and closely supervised services provided to the maritime security industry with a streamlined system to hire out sea marshals and firearms for on board maritime security and a system of looking after the men deployed and collecting the weapons issued throughout the high risk area in the Indian Ocean.

India upholds the Sri Lanka model

At the international maritime conference called the Galle Dialogue hosted by Sri Lanka in November 2013, the Chief of Naval Staff of the Indian Navy, Admiral D. K. Joshi praised Sri Lanka for carrying out the business of having private guards on board ships and operating floating armouries in ‘an entirely regulated fashion’ and regretted that others were not doing it in the same way. He acknowledged that floating armouries were providing an essential service for the private maritime industry but said that these should be regulated. In October 2015, Alok Kumar, the head of a diversified Indian shipping services company in an address to the Indian defence policy think tank ‘Forum for Integrated National Security’ (FINS) suggested that the Indian government allow weapons of private maritime security companies to be stored in land based armouries in ports like Tuticorin and permit floating armouries to be set up by the private sector under the supervision of the navy, coast guard and defence authorities following the examples of Djibouti and Sri Lanka.

Atul Kulkarni, an Advisor to the Indian Ministry of Shipping, in another address to the Forum for Integrated National Security on 12 July 2015 stated that the government of India should have guidelines and policies for floating armouries and they need to have maritime security personnel drawn from among men retiring from the navy and other armed services. There appeared to be an unacknowledged consensus throughout the Indian government and private sectors that what they needed was a public-private maritime security service modelled on that of the Avant Garde-Rakna Lanka-Navy operation in Sri Lanka.

The ‘Avant Garde’, a floating armoury belonging to Avant Garde Maritime Services which had been in the Red Sea and was returning to Sri Lanka with a load of 800 Rakna Lanka weapons along with Rakna Lanka guards was impounded and the Ukrainian captain of this floating armoury was arrested and remanded even though this floating armoury was approved by the Sri Lankan government and even had Defence Ministry permission to enter the Galle harbour. This is in sharp contrast to the treatment that the other Sri Lankan owned floating armoury got in the UAE in October 2012. Having started with seed capital of just Rs. five million, Rakna Lanka was able to grow into a successful government owned business undertaking with over 3,400 employees and a turnover of nearly Rs. 2.3 billion and profits of over Rs. 1.1 billion by 2013/14 mainly because of its maritime security arm. It now lies in ruins.

(Concluded)

President-elect Donald Trump offers Sri Lanka an opportunity to reorient and strengthen bilateral relations!

November 9th, 2016

By Ananda-USA

November 8, 2016

US President-Elect Donald Trump in a very graceful and conciliatory speech promised to be the President of all Americans irrespective of political party and community affiliations, and to pursue a new foreign policy based on treating other nations, who want to co-exist peacefully with the US, with fairness and justice without adopting confrontational policies driven by geopolitical agendas.

He promised to focus on developing America’s deteriorating infrastructure, to revive its manufacturing base, to grow the economy at twice the current rate of growth, and to take care of the needs of the armed forces veterans. It was a truly great speech promising to heal the wounds of the adversarial election campaign.

Sri Lanka Patriots should study his acceptance speech on the Web, and recognize that this US President may provide the opening Sri Lanka needs to gain the understanding and friendship of the United States, without the witch-hunting SL has experienced at the hands of previous US Administrations. We should represent Sri Lanka to him as the oldest functioning democracy in Asia that has fought and defeated a war of survival against foreign-inspired terrorists and, therefore, that Sri Lanka is a natural ally of the United States.

Former President Mahinda Rajapaksa, and the former UPFA government, that fought and won that war of national liberation and reunification, should SEIZE this opportunity to establish good relations with this new US President who promises to completely revise US foreign policy and US diplomatic posture towards other countries. His new vision may be just the opening we need to establish a new alliance with the United States free of the undermining of our country on behalf of separatist minority groups, or in pursuit of geopolitical agendas directed at other countries.

Donald Trump’s election as the new US President could herald a sea-change in the attitude of the United States of the Sinhala Buddhist majority’s difficulties with Western Nations and the UN. The leaders of our country should seize this invaluable opportunity to resolve these difficulties, without draconian conditions that undermine Sri Lanka’s sovereignty, territorial integrity and economic growth.

Carpe’ Diem!

Pandemonium in Sri Lanka: Regime Change the Regime Change

November 9th, 2016

Shenali D Waduge

The report card is not looking too good. Everything is not going right in paradise isle. Although massive changes are taking place in every sphere by parties that plotted the regime change. Sovereign Sri Lanka is well on its way to becoming either a vassal state of India or an experiment for Western imperialism and UN ‘rights’. Either way we are doomed. In less than 2 years those that the West and India picked to prod into the driving seat of governance have managed to set Sinhalese against Sinhalese, enticed Tamil ‘civilians’ to physically attack army, navy and police. Buddhist priests and military officials are being put into prison and the latest has come in bringing riot police and using tear gas and water cannons against disabled soldiers who were without hands and legs having come forward to fight LTTE terrorists and returned home disabled. All they asked was a meagre pension to survive. UN and foreign envoys have desisted from even making statements as was expected though a barrage came for Rathupaswela/Weliweriya. However, the spiralling debacles are not making the puppets or the puppeteers popular among the masses and no amount of frills can change this though the obvious hurry is to see that the targeted changes take place somehow before even they join to oust the government. We are likely to see some political tsunamis very soon when reversal of the regime change has happened and does happen.

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US has a history of overthrowing democratic governments, murdering leaders and replacing fascist dictators, drug lords, and even terrorists in over 35 countries.

Writings of William Blum and Foreign Policy covers numerous instances of US/CIA conspired regime change some resulting in assassinations of these leaders. Some of these coups include Iran 1953, Guatemala 1954, Congo 1960 – assassination of Patrice Lumumba, Vietnam 1963, Chile 1973 installing Pinnochet, Cambodia 1969 installing Pol Pot, Ghana 1966 overthrowing Kwame Nkrumah, Haiti 1991 ousting Aristide and replacing with CIA puppet TOTO, Libya in 2011 overthrowing & killing Gaddafi – today Libya is a failed state with no law & order. Globalresearch outlines the role of NGOs supported by Wall Street and Western intelligence in these regime change operations. William Blum and John Robles claim CIA has attempted to assassinate over 50 foreign leaders including Hugo Chavez. James Lucas claims the US is responsible for killing over 20million people in 37 victim nations since 1945. This is the country delivering democracy and good governance when it is 142 out of 158 countries in the global 2016 corruption index.

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Leaving aside Rajapakse’s own follies, it is clear that the ouster of Rajapakse was planned from the time he decided to go against Western orders to defeat LTTE terrorists thus breaking a very long network of operatives who had been riding on terror to advance their own agendas. From the manner that the candidate was fished to vie against Rajapakse, the campaign slogans used, the network of local lackeys tapped to steer the regime change, the build-up of anti-West sentiments via diplomatic, UN and western and local media channels the writings on the wall were all too clear. Meticulous and secret planning even involved people inside the Rajapakse camp.

The World Socialist Website claims Washington used former President with links to the Clinton Foundation. She acknowledged her role on 3 February 2015 in an interview. She was the linchpin of the plot. The other player was long-time US puppet Wickremasinghe to ensure Sri Lanka became integrated to the US ‘pivot to Asia’ (6 February 2015 GOSL information department website report) It put to perspective why Wickremasinghe went to US for 1 month on a cover up ‘study tour’ and the coordination’s that ensued with US envoy Sisson. Obama’s National Security Advisor Susan Rice at the Brooklyn Institute was on record to say that the US would help countries ‘forge a better future’.. with ‘new hope for democracy.’ Wickremasinghe’s 2001-4 stint as PM without doubt was to advance US interests allowing Sri Lanka to be used for rendition transport of ‘enemy combatants’. Ranil implemented the pro-LTTE Norwegian CFA helping LTTE strengthen itself.

The US reference to India’s involvement was also noteworthy. India helped line up the players who would deliver the votes – TNA would ensure all Tamil votes would come to Sirisena, Muslim Congress was roped in to deliver the other minority votes, the Church played its part in delivering the Christian/Catholic votes and Sinhalese votes were divided by those who fell for Sirisena’s metta nature as against the projected villain-crook Rajapakse.

It is no secret that the Indian embassy has Indian intelligence officers stationed in it. Its head (K Ilango) was recalled just before the January 2015 election when Rajapakse govt alleged that India was again interfering into Sri Lanka internal affairs. Rajapakse at no point divulged the scale or players in the international plot during election campaigning. India had enough people on its payroll inside political parties and serving in the business community, professional organizations, NGOs, academia to advance payment to deliver the necessary goods. Plenty of academics put their names to reports/surveys aimed at steering a Sirisena victory.

US annoyance at Rajapakse’s ties to China have come in the form of repeated resolutions manipulating the entire UN system claiming bogus war crimes. Childish play by all those involved for becoming the only country to defeat an internationally proscribed terrorist outfit. The scenario is such that the terrorists are now dictating how and who should be tried for war crimes!

Startling has been the double standards leading to the regime change. Given that the foundation had been laid to project Rajapakse rule as corrupt & dictatorial the alternative choice of Sirisena was showcased as being the cherubic non-corrupt and possessing all the compassion needed to be the new leader. Sirisena was seen quoting from Budda, Dhammapada and oozing love and empathy for all. Selected words echoed – vinivida, nehi werani, sanhindiyawa to name a few. To add weight it was a piece of cake to grab political rejects like Wickramabahu who had no votes but had enough mouth.

What US-worshipping UNP leadership does not see is the manner US imperialism has turned Europe upside down while antagonizing Russia. Western imperial interests care little for lack of good governance if it benefits them seen in the silence when Sirisena appointed Wickremasinghe immediately after the Presidential election as PM without officially removing the sitting Prime Minister D M Jayaratne.

Daya Gamage writing to the Asian Tribune highlights the dangers of US regime change destabalizing Sri Lanka drawing our attention to the many undemocratic authoritarian regimes the US fosters. He reiterates that LTTE was used as a ‘pressure group’ – ending it meant the wrath against the Rajapakses.

The Sirisena-Wickremasinghe Government has agreed to virtually all that the LTTE separatists had been demanding and fighting for – demilitarization, closure of camps in strategic areas, giving land deeds without ascertaining that the IDPs even had lands.

The foreign players preaching good governance, transparency, rule of law, democracy, human rights and what not are deaf, dumb and blind to all of yahapalana’s misadventures. Appointing a new Chief Justice without giving show cause to the sitting CJ Pieris and impeaching him, immediately bringing the Central Bank and Securities and Exchange Commission under the PM so that he could appoint his erstwhile friend as Central Bank, to confound matters he was a Singaporean and thus a foreigner was placed as Sri Lanka’s Central Bank head who became embroiled in an insider trading scam involving his son-in-law guilt of which is calling for the PM’s resignation with no reaction, creations of various corruption commissions under the PM but questioning and arresting only MPs in Rajapakse camp when the MPs that jumped from Rajapakse camp were previously accused of corruption by the UNP. Sudden sacking of the General Secretaries of SLFP and UPFA, sacking 25 SLFP Committee Members on election day are just a handful of misadventures all of which got not even a hum from the so called international community nor the UN.

The silence from quarters we presume are transparent agencies is nothing to be surprised about. A key feature of regime change and post-regime change is to bring all areas under the control of the puppets placed in power and curtail rights of people by bringing laws claiming to protect people’s rights! So be watchful.

Therefore, in all the nations where regime change has taken place immediate steps would be taken to place ‘their people’ – as head of police, heads of armed forces, heads of government media, heads of all pillars of governance and then bring in lackey NGO heads as ‘civil society’ tasked with overlooking and monitoring the newly democratized country. So when every area is having puppets placed with draft press releases, statements approved and given to them the projection automatically is of a honky dory country and people misinformed.

However, Sri Lanka has an uncanny knack of not following the rules. Let us not forget that Sri Lanka small as it is and despite 17 invaders from South India and 3 colonial invaders none of them succeeded in taking the entire island. The island was ceded in toto by our own traitors. Coincidentally, 200 years later the same has been repeated. Moreover, the puppets to whom the nation has been handed are making a pickle of things all of which inspite of placing lackeys to cover up their irregularities are getting exposed.

The Bond Scam cover up has exposed the PM as not being the Mr. Clean, a title he has been proudly displaying, his Ministers are beyond even his control, the Ministers who had jumped from Rajapakse camp are running their own show, to add further spice the Chinese envoy has openly chided the yahapalana government for telling lies about Chinese loans the reaction which was not an apology but a threat to summon the Chinese envoy by the Foreign Ministry for an explanation of his conduct. This is like the rat reprimanding the dragon! Add to the entertainment the President’s ‘I don’t know’ ‘I only knew after reading the paper’ has become an islandwide amusement no different to the jokes undertaken by the PM inside Parliament to sidetrack and evade answering direct questions. Yahapalana has turned Sri Lanka into a cuckoo land.

While all this circus is going on diverting the attention of the people, India is pushing forward every piece of paper to ensure India has its tentacles around Sri Lanka – ETCA, Sampoor, Trinco, Indian businesses and Indians flooding into the country, Indian ambulances, Indian trishaws with Indian drivers, while the US masters at manipulating the Muslims and creating jihadist ultra-Wahhabi mouthpieces are ensuring the East is secured under Western influence for that is where Trinco harbour lies – a prize catch. The calls to stop Buddhisization has two objectives – chase out the Sinhalese from both North and East so that it would be easier to fib their way on the homeland myth, to facilitate this the West is funding bogus history and academics to do the dirty work. The TNA is being used to make the demands aligned with Indo-US objectives – remove military camps, create notion that Tamil civilians hate the army, EU funds reports of bogus rape stories, plenty of invisible witnesses are available to tell the ‘stories’, Chief Ministers are roped in – the North one just returned after being tutored by the divide and rule masters the British and as expected in now calling for foreign intervention, the East Chief Minister made a fool of himself going overboard to praise the US envoy and embarrass a naval officer.

The chaos does not stop there – we now have armed groups on bicycles roaming about the North causing chaos which in turn are political armoury to put behind bars the main threat – the former defense secretary. All types of tricks are now being played and staged all with the single objective of bringing the evidence to the door of the former secretary attempting to nullify the popularity that he commands. Military officers, intelligence officers have been put into prison and the military intelligence head has been removed without reason – all actions without realizing that it is the government that is removing all of its defences and thus making themselves vulnerable. In becoming vulnerable they are exposing themselves further. This was seen in the reaction to the disabled soldiers by involving riot police and ordering them to fire water cannons and tear gas on men who had lost their arms and legs by going out to fight the LTTE terrorists and becoming injured while asking simply for a pension. Not surprisingly, there was NO statement from the UN or foreign envoys at the manner that disabled men were treated in an unarmed protest pleading for what the nation owes them especially when the government is accommodating MPs whom the people have rejected.

In this milieu, the less than 2 year record sheet is not very promising. The West, and UN shower the government praises for good governance and diplomatically prop up its growing unpopularity even among those that voted them to power. The disappointed are waiting to use the next election to correct their error but the West has answers for that too as we can see by the allegations of US elections being rigged/voter machines doctored.

In the meanwhile, the UN is doing its utmost to have a stake and say in all spheres of administration by hurriedly signing partnership agreements, while the IMF and World Bank step in to further strangulate the country into agreeing to become a virtual slave to Western imperial agendas by further liberalizing the economy and with their men in all of the key areas where only a signature is needed to legalize these agreements the next biggest surprise is due to come with the new constitution that will all but turn Sri Lanka into a vassal state.

Regime changing the regime change option depends on sifting the patriots from the traitors.

Shenali D Waduge

http://www.globalresearch.ca/who-is-behind-regime-change-revolution-business-ngo-supported-by-wall-street-and-us-intelligence/5370229

http://www.globalresearch.ca/a-timeline-of-cia-atrocities/5348804

http://www.salon.com/2014/03/08/35_countries_the_u_s_has_backed_international_crime_partner/

https://williamblum.org/essays/read/overthrowing-other-peoples-governments-the-master-list

http://www.thirdworldtraveler.com/Blum/US_Interventions_WBlumZ.html

http://www.globalresearch.ca/us-has-killed-more-than-20-million-people-in-37-victim-nations-since-world-war-ii/5492051

http://www.globalresearch.ca/the-cia-has-attempted-to-assassinate-50-foreign-leaders-including-chavez/5326864

http://www.asiantribune.com/node/87282

http://www.lankaweb.com/news/items/2016/07/19/us-militarization-of-sri-lanka-sri-lankans-to-provide-canteen-services/

JO seeks Singapore intervention to probe Mahendran Calls for freezing Perpetual Treasuries assets

November 9th, 2016

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Alleging that those who had committed mega bond scams in Feb. 2015 and March 2016 had gone scot free, the Joint Opposition yesterday revealed its intention to seek immediate intervention by the Monetary Authority of Singapore.

Former External Affairs Minister Prof. G.L. Peiris said that having examined the situation, the JO felt the urgent need to bring alleged scams on the watch of Singaporean national Arjuna Mahendran as the Governor of the Central Bank of Sri Lanka.

Addressing the media at Punchi Borella, Prof. Peiris said reports issued by the Auditor General, the Committee on Public Enterprises (COPE) and the Central Bank on the bond scams would be handed over to Singaporean authorities.

Pointing out that Mahendran, in spite of being replaced by Dr Indrajith Coomaraswamy in June last year, had received a top government position, Prof. Peiris said that the information regarding the Central Bank matter would be also made available to the IMF, the World Bank and Asian Development Bank.

Responding to SLFP Central Committee decision to appoint a special committee to examine the controversial bond issue, Prof. Peiris called for immediate action on the basis of the available reports. He said the Central Bank report titled, ‘Perpetual Treasuries Limited: Findings of the on-site examination’ leaked in September, 2016 expertly dealt with the issue. “There is no requirement for anymore special committees. All of us know what happened and identities of those responsible are also in the public domain.” Prof. Peiris stressed that tangible action could be taken on the basis of the Central Bank report alone.

On behalf of the JO, Prof. Peiris set three conditions necessary for ensuring a transparent and effective inquiry into what was now dubbed as Sri Lanka’s biggest financial fraud.

Prof. Peiris called for immediate suspension of all bank accounts operated by influential primary dealer Perpetual Treasuries Limited, suspension of its licence to function as a primary dealer and the resignation of Prime Minister Ranil Wickremesinghe to ensure an impartial investigation.

Prof. Peiris alleged that Premier Wickremesinghe had repeatedly intervened on behalf of the company run by Arjuna Mahendran’s son-in-law Arjun Aloysius and therefore justice couldn’t be expected as long as the UNP leader remained in charge of the Central Bank.

The former Colombo University Vice Chancellor said the Central Bank should be placed again under the Finance Ministry.

Commenting on President Maithripala Sirisena’s recent assurance that the bond scams would be dealt through a transparent judicial process, Prof. Peiris said that the President’s intentions weren’t clear. However, the Joint Opposition wouldn’t oppose a Special Presidential Commission as long as it was not used as a tool to delay the judicial process.

Prof. Peiris and MP Bandula Gunawardena alleged that the Perpetual Treasuries and its holding company had used allegedly ill-gotten money to acquire valuable property, including a newspaper, a bank share portfolio and Colombo land. Prof. Peiris said that the process would continue until action was taken to suspend its operations. The former External Affairs Minister underlined that the immediate implementation of JO’s condition was required to stop further sordid operations by Perpetual Treasuries.

Prof. Peiris said that Perpetual Treasuries couldn’t have obtained after tax profit amounting to Rs 10.1 bn through legal means.

MP Gunawardena said that those who had committed the bond scam were busy setting up a major media project in the near future. “They are in the process of hiring journalists,” MP Gunawardena said, adding that the media project was aimed at protecting their interests.

The former Education Minister Gunawardena said the country was in turmoil with national economy suffering severely due to rapid deprecation of rupee against US dollar. Warning of dire consequences, MP Gunawardena said foreign reserves had been badly hit by government efforts to control the market through the release of foreign reserves. In 2015 alone, a staggering USD 3.2 bn had been squandered in efforts to stabilise the rupee whereas the entire IMF loan spread over a three year period amounted to USD 1.5 bn.

US ‘Megapolis Colonialism’ -Awaken oh Sri Lanka! Awaken! Thou Art Being Colonised -(Part 2)

November 9th, 2016

By Gandara John

That infamous Presidential Election of 2015 saw many US quislings jockeyed into sensitive political positions, the most calamitous of these being the catapulting of RW unconstitutionally, from near political Siberia to being the Prime Minister of Sri Lanka.

The US had executed a major coup d’état. US Colonisation of Sri Lanka had begun in earnest.

Sri Lanka’s Sovereignty is being attacked on two fronts, identifiable by two major projects of the government, the ‘Megapolis’ Project and the ‘Bim Saviya’ project.

Both these approaches of attack are supported, to use a military allegory, by a combination of ‘support weapons’ that include, changing of the Constitution’, running the economy into the ground, depreciating Buddhism, neutering the military, devaluing the Sri Lankan people and employing paid US servants like NGOs, RW and CBK to do US bidding within the island.

To understand the ‘Megapolis’ and ‘Bim Saviya’ approaches of attack in clearer perspective it may help to go back in time, a two hundred years, when only the wealthy could vote and be elected to govern.

‘Plutocracy’, the rule of the wealthy, preceded ‘Democracy’. In a Plutocratic State Governments were ‘by the rich, of the rich and for the rich’.

With universal suffrage Plutocracy gave way to Democracy where governments were ‘by the people, of the people and for the people’.

And with democracy came the other collective expressions of the people like ‘Trade Unions’, through which only, the poor could effectively counter, the might of the wealthy minority.

Democracy gelded the untrammeled power of the rich and has been the bane of the rich.

In the United States of America, Democracy does not exist. FULL STOP. The US is a prime example of a Plutocracy (rule by the wealthy who are commonly referred to as oligarchs).

TV viewers worldwide are glued today to the spectacle of two circus clowns, coming from the same oligarch stable, fighting for a crown; the people in the ‘arena’ will have to decide which clown is sexually more depraved.

With the Atlantic Charter of August 1941 heralding the birth of the American Empire, battle lines were drawn by the US to turn the clock back and return the world to the dark age of Plutocracy and Colonialism.

Collaborating with the US in this endeavour are the rich in the poor countries.

The Megapolis concept of colonialism is an almost copybook reproduction of 17th and 18th Century Colonialism when the Bank of Amsterdam and the Bank of England bankrolled the Dutch East India Company and the British East India Company respectively which were at the vanguard of Colonialism in Africa and Asia.

In the case of US ‘Megapolis Colonialism’, the same bankers of Amsterdam, who moved first to England and then to the US, are funding the ‘Corporate Army’ invading Africa and Asia. These bankers control the Federal Reserve, the Central Bank of US and the mother of all Central Banks around the world.

Conveniently for ‘Megapolis Colonialism’, the fifth columnists of the Sovereign States under attack are subtly removing government edict, ownership and control of those territories eyed by the US.

The predatory Corporations are elated, with the bank of unemployed ‘slave’ labour being made available to them in the Megapolis, at the degree of impotence Sovereign governments have been reduced to and with the inability of these neutered ‘Sovereign’ Governments to re-possess their land in the Megapolis.

Sri Lanka’s Megapolis zones are attractive to the US militarily because of her geo political location.

The Megapolis Zones are attractive to the ‘Corporates’ because of Sri Lanka’s potential to be a hub for ‘Slave Labour’; the proximity to Tamil Nadu is a bonus.

Initially the US Megapolis Colony in Sri Lanka would be served by ‘slave’ labour from within the island; this ‘slave’ labour would be transported daily by a well developed transport system from the large extent of slums adjunct to the US Colony.

The social responsibility, if any there is, of maintaining healthy ‘slaves’ for the Megapolis lies not with the US Megapolis Colony but with Sri Lanka.

With further improvement to the transport system, it has been planned to connect the Megapolis Colony of Sri Lanka with Tamil Nadu, teeming with ‘slave’ labour.

The ‘hordes’ from Tamil Nadu would further blight the Westphalian Sovereign Status of Sri Lanka or whatever that is remaining of Sri Lanka (id est the Heartland of the island), inundate the labour market in the Megapolis reducing the people to below subsistence level; these people will have no Government or Trade Unions to protect their Rights and no real access to and protection from an alien legal system, the British system as RW has expressly, as per reports, avowed to the investors.

RW’s constant refrain has been, ‘Sri Lanka will be a hub in the region’. Yes, a hub for ‘slave labour’.

A major distinction between the bygone British Empire and the unfolding US Empire is that the British organised their Empire into several States defined by Westphalian boundaries and controlled by Whitehall through a network of Colonial governments.

The unfolding US Empire has been described as an Empire of ten ‘Megapolis’ Regions, ruled by oligarchs, served by the ‘slaves’ from Africa and Asia and directed to perform tasks, perhaps by nameless ‘whatsapp’ programmes.

The map of the 10-region division of the globe was introduced to the world by the Club of Rome (Club Madrid is its subsidiary in which CBK wallows in her role as peon).

The US ‘Megapolis Empire’ will have one law, administered by the UN and enforced in each zone of the globe by their factotums; in Sri Lanka, Esmond W passed that mantle to RW.

The US ‘Megapolis Empire’ of the rich can survive, only in a sea of poverty and unemployment, and in an atmosphere where democracy is absent and plutocracy prevails.

This is what the neo liberals wail for when they root for Laissez-faire; they call for stripping people of ‘Government’ and ‘Trade Union’ protection and pitting the people – reduced to fighting individually – in the direct line of fire of Corporate might.

The unwary are beguiled to believe that this is freedom while in fact the rich are turning the clock back on universal franchise.

Samarawickrema, beleaguered by the Bond scam, will be hard pressed to provide the details of his ‘secret’ ECTA agreement that would blow the lid on the Megapolis Colonies and the Indo – Lanka Bridge of ‘slaves’ that is being contrived.

RW’s gadflies say that the ‘Bond’ scam has got RW scurrying, to have his coat dry cleaned and to keeping his hands constantly in his trouser pockets to reassure himself that everything is not lost.

RW’s honesty and integrity are being openly challenged by the public following the findings of a Parliamentary probe of one of the biggest financial frauds involving the country’s Central Bank that comes directly under RW’s purview.

RW is being accused of having personally benefitted from the fraud. There are credible concerns that his remaining in office would hamper investigations.

Many have expressed the view that considering the profundity with which the investigators perform their duties, the probe on RW’s conduct may involve intense hours of grilling and may continue for months on end resulting even in RW being remanded.

The public are justifiably concerned that RW’s long grilling may not leave him time enough to do the job that he is expected to do and for which the people are paying him a salary and providing emoluments with the greatest of difficulty.

The people and the country can ill afford such a luxury.

The public have expressed concern that if RW spends time on his job, the multiple investigations on his conduct will suffer while if RW spends time with his interrogators, his job will suffer.

Either way the public good suffers.

There is surging anger in the country calling for RW’s immediate resignation; in the absence of such resignation, he needs to be sacked.

Analysts say that the US is deeply concerned. According to these analysts the political coup of 08 Jan 15, was planned funded and executed by the US and its allies; they were able to catapult their factotum into the number 2 slot unconstitutionally; it is a position RW could never have hoped for considering his unpopularity.

The Number 2 slot has many benefits, not the least of which is that Number 2 automatically succeeds Number 1 in the event Number 1 is incapacitated.

These analysts say that the US is not unknown to eliminate selected political leaders with extreme prejudice if their interests are frustrated.

With US ‘Megapolis Colonisation’ of Sri Lanka staring in the face, the question being asked is “Will the US permit the corruption charges against RW be an impediment to US objectives?”

Sri Lanka is a thrice blessed island. In times of crisis the deities have looked upon the island with great kindness.

The Bond scam exposure has given Sri Lanka the opportunity to extricate herself from the edge of an abyss. The country can be saved from being Colonised and literally written off the map of the world.

Sri Lankans awake and grasp with both hands the opportunity the deities have given you. Act with speed lest we lose our country.

We need to protect the country and the President. Both are in great peril.

DONALD TRUMP  VICTORY FOR WORKING CLASS,  SECURES SAFETY FOR SINHALESE-HILLARY’S TAMILS REPRESENTED RICH AND DIVIDERS

November 9th, 2016

BY M D P DISSANAYAKE

The shocking victory of Donald Trump brings peace of mind to Sri Lankan majority Sinhalese.  The introduction of new constitution with unitary status, introduction of foreign judges for War Tribunal, devolution of greater autonomy for Tamils in Sri Lanka, would have been far more easier with Hillary Clinton, who has now been labelled as an international Crook.

We as Sinhalese can now breathe easily and hope for a greater peaceful world under the leadership of President Elect Donald Trump.

Eggs and Diabetes, to Eat or Not to Eat?

November 9th, 2016

Dr Hector Perera        London

Eggs can be fully boiled or half boiled in water or better make omelettes because it taste better. Eggs are a versatile food and a great source of protein, and the American Diabetes Association considers eggs an excellent choice for people with diabetes. That’s primarily because one large egg contains about half a gram of carbohydrates, so it is thought that they aren’t going to raise your blood sugar. We know the fact, eggs are high in cholesterol and still people eat them on regular basis. One large egg contains nearly 200 mg of cholesterol, but whether or not this negatively affects the body is debatable.

Monitoring your cholesterol is important if you have diabetes because diabetes is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease. This can be easily done at the hospital with a blood test at the diabetic section. High levels of cholesterol in the bloodstream also raise the risk of developing cardiovascular disease. So it’s important for anyone with diabetes to be aware of and minimize other heart disease risks. The best thing is to get blood test done on regular basis.

Benefits of eating eggs

A whole egg contains about 7 grams of protein. The eggs are very nutritive as they are also an excellent source of potassium, which supports nerve and muscle health. Potassium helps balance sodium levels in the body as well, which improves your cardiovascular health. Eggs have many nutrients, such as lutein, which protects you against disease, and choline, which is thought to improve brain health. It’s possible not many people thought about these points.

What about egg yolk?

Egg yolks contain biotin, which is important for healthy hair, skin, and nails, as well as insulin production. Eggs from chickens that roam on pastures will be high in omega-3s, which are beneficial fats for diabetics. Back in Sri Lanka they call them, “Gam Kukulo” but now many are factory farmed or sometimes raised in cages that is very cruel. Eggs are easy on the waistline, too. One large egg has only about 75 calories and 5 grams of fat, only 1.6 grams of which are saturated fat. Eggs are versatile and can be prepared in different ways to suit your tastes. You can make an already-healthy food even better by mixing in tomatoes, spinach, or other vegetables or adding onions, green chilies and tomatoes then with a dash of pepper then not forgetting any curry leaves.

 Diabetes-friendly breakfast recipes

As healthy as they are in so many ways, eggs should be consumed in moderation. Cholesterol concerns

The role of dietary cholesterol as it relates to a person’s total blood cholesterol count appears to be smaller than previously thought. Family history may have much more to do with your cholesterol levels than how much dietary cholesterol is in your food. The bigger threat to your cholesterol levels is food that is high in trans-fats and saturated fats.

What are trans-fats?

There are two broad types of trans-fats found in foods: naturally-occurring and artificial trans-fats. Naturally-occurring-trans fats are produced in the gut of some animals and foods made from these animals (e.g., milk and meat products) may contain small quantities of these fats. Artificial trans-fats (or trans-fatty acids) are created in an industrial process that adds hydrogen to liquid vegetable oils to make them more solid.

What is Margarine?

Margarine was created in the early 1800s as an inexpensive substitute for butter. Early margarines were made from animal fat. In the 1900s, chemists discovered how to harden liquid oils and vegetable oil replacing animal fat. Margarine is a manufactured, vegetable-oil-based substitute for butter.

How is Margarine Made?

Margarine is manufactured through a multi-step process. Vegetable oils are extracted from corn, cottonseed, soybeans or safflower seeds. Hexane, an organic compound commonly used as a solvent, is used in the extraction process.

The oil is steam cleaned to remove most impurities. Steaming also destroys vitamins and antioxidants.

Hydrogen gas is bubbled through liquid oil in the presence of a catalyst (usually nickel). This force unsaturated fatty acids to become saturated and solid. The more complete the hydrogenation process, the firmer the finished product. Margarine undergoes partial hydrogenation, to make it semi-solid. Partial hydrogenation produces a lumpy grey grease and results in the formation of trans-fats.

Emulsifiers are added to remove lumps; bleach to remove the grey colour.

A second steam cleaning removes chemical odours.

Synthetic vitamins, artificial colours and a natural yellow colour are added. The final product is packaged as a healthy alternative to butter.
The primary dietary source for trans-fats in processed food is “partially hydrogenated oils.” Look for them on the ingredient list on food packages. In November 2013, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) made a preliminary determination that partially hydrogenated oils are no longer Generally Recognized as Safe (GRAS) in human food.

Artificial trans-fats can be formed when oil goes through a process called hydrogenation, which makes the oil more solid (known as hardening). This type of fat, known as hydrogenated fat, can be used for frying or as an ingredient in processed foods. Artificial trans-fats can be found in some processed foods such as biscuits and cakes.

Artificial trans-fats can be formed when oil goes through a process called hydrogenation, which makes the oil more solid (known as hardening).

Are trans-fats bad for you?

Consuming a diet high in trans-fats can lead to high cholesterol levels in the blood, which can cause health conditions such as heart disease, heart attacks and strokes. However, most people in UK don’t eat a lot of trans-fats.

Should I worry about trans-fats?

Trans-fats, like most saturated fats, raise blood cholesterol levels, particularly levels of ‘bad’ LDL cholesterol. Trans-fats can also reduce the ‘good’ HDL cholesterol, as well as increase levels of another form of blood fat called triglycerides. All of these effects of trans-fats can raise your risk of coronary heart disease (CHD). Gram for gram, trans-fats appear to increase risk of CHD more than saturated fats, and so are potentially worse for our health.

Which foods contain trans-fats? Naturally-occurring trans-fats are found in small amounts in dairy products, for example cheese and cream, and also beef, lamb and mutton, and products made from these foods. All trans-fats may be potentially unhealthy, no matter what their origin, but if they are present or consumed at low levels, they are unlikely to have a significantly harmful effect. Trans-fats may also be produced when ordinary vegetable oils are heated to fry foods at very high temperatures and this is one reason why takeaway foods can sometimes be high in trans-fats. Even at home try and avoid high temperature frying and cooking. Foods that are produced from or use hardened vegetable oils as an ingredient typically contain some trans-fats (for example, biscuits, pies, cakes and fried foods). Fat spreads and margarines that have hydrogenated vegetable oil as an ingredient will usually contain some trans-fats, although reformulation has led to significant reductions in recent years.

The effects of high cholesterol on the body

Eggs still shouldn’t be consumed in excess if you have diabetes, must know the limits. The current recommendations suggest that an individual with diabetes should consume no more than 200 mg of cholesterol each day. Someone without diabetes or heart health concerns may consume up to 300 mg a day. One large egg has about 186 mg of cholesterol that means maximum of two eggs per time. Remember then there isn’t much room for other dietary cholesterol once that egg is eaten.

Research suggests that high levels of egg consumption may raise the risk of developing type 2 diabetes and heart disease. While the connection isn’t clear, researchers believe that excessive cholesterol intake, when it comes from animal foods, may increase those risks.

Since all of the cholesterol is in the yolk, you can eat egg whites without worrying about how they’re affecting your daily consumption of cholesterol. Many restaurants offer egg white alternatives to whole eggs in their dishes. You can also buy cholesterol-free egg substitutes in the stores that are made with egg whites.

Keep in mind, however, that the yolk is also the exclusive home of some key egg nutrients. Almost all the vitamin A in an egg, for instance, resides in the yolk. The same is true for most of the choline, omega-3s, and calcium in an egg.

Scrambled? Poached? Hard-boiled?

However you like your eggs prepared, try to eat up to three of these versatile wonders each week to take advantage of their protein and carbohydrate benefits. Remember, the healthier the hen, the healthier the egg. Aim for eggs from organic, pastured or free-roaming hens such as from “Gam Kukulo” for an increase in heart-healthy omega-3 fats. If you’re concerned about cholesterol, lower your intake or use egg whites.

So what’s for breakfast?

If you have diabetes, you should limit egg consumption to three a week. If you only eat egg whites, you can feel comfortable eating more. Be careful though, about what you eat with your eggs. One relatively harmless and healthy egg can be made a little less healthy if it’s fried in butter or unhealthy cooking oil. Poaching an egg in the microwave only takes one minute and doesn’t need any additional fat. Likewise, don’t serve eggs with high-fat, high-sodium bacon or sausage very often. Most people just eat eggs and bacons for breakfast.

A hard-boiled egg can be a handy high-protein snack if you have diabetes. The protein will help keep you full without affecting your blood sugar. Protein not only slows digestion, it also slows glucose absorption, which is very helpful if you have diabetes. Having lean protein at every meal and for the occasional snack is a smart step for anyone with diabetes. Just as you’re getting to know the carbohydrate and sugar content of various foods, you should also pay attention to the cholesterol levels and saturated fats in your food. Your comments are welcomed perera6@hotmail.co.uk

INTELLIGENCE MORE IMPORTANT THAN STRENGTH

November 9th, 2016

By Dr. Tilak S. Fernando

The most precious things in human life come free, or to put in another form, the things people value least are those very things they get free. When these two phrases are equated together what do we get in Sri Lanka? It is the university education.

What are glaring in front of our eyes at present are the symptoms of the malady, which is plague-ridden within a certain section of our young university student population. Society is divided into two schools of thought. Some are in favour, while the others are dead against. Some blame the student groups for being highly irresponsible and displaying an element of anarchy and are ready to participate in strikes, picketing, ragging and demanding the right to commit offensive actions at the drop of a hat forgetting their duties and obligations and point an accusing finger for painting posters or forcibly occupying property that does not belong to them.

tilak091116

They accuse the student groups for forgetting their main purpose of committing for a university education and diligently engaged in studying. There are others, including the very rebellious students, who refute such notions blaming the authorities for turning a Nelsonian eye towards their grievances, and when they do protest, they are treated with police force, water cannons, baton charges, getting hurt and ending up in hospital wards without sympathising with their grievances and claims but exhibiting mighty power with force.

Picketing and ragging

The present situation in the country is that students are keen on picketing, ragging and demanding the right to commit offensive acts. The authorities equally seem to be quite prepared to use power rather than making an effort to nip the problem(s) in the bud rather than allowing the wound to pester.

Recently academic activities for senior students of Kelaniya University came to a halt; with the KUTA (Kelaniya University Teachers’ Association) deciding not to hold classes for seniors until ragging at the campus was stopped. There is a difference between student strikes due to failed attempts of claims as against strikes and protests arising after ragging incidents in universities.

Ragging is a verbal, physical or psychological abuse on new entrants to a university. Ragging in universities appears to be a regular feature in university life globally. Americans call it hazing or bullying.

Sri Lanka appears to be the worst affected country in the world. In India, there are anti-ragging campaigns. In majority of the cases, ragging implies when senior students start to mock and jester at newcomers, usually during the first few months in the university when each undergraduate is assigned to undergo some form of tormenting. This kind of ‘playing the fool’ can take place in many forms from dress codes, verbal to physical torture.

Maha Vihara

There are no historical records to prove any such acts prevailing in the ancient Sri Lankan educational institutions such as Maha Vihara or Abhayagiri Vihara. The concept called ragging came into existence during the post World War II era, a foreign influence, which was a direct upshot of the colonialism, emerging in Sri Lanka from military camps. Eventually, when military personnel entered universities, ragging lost its primary objective and became a violent and hazardous exercise.

When the late Dr. Buddhadasa Bodhinayake entered the Faculty of Medicine in the 1970s, he had been subjected to a horrible ragging session that made him fight tooth and nail against such sadistic practices adopted by the senior students to traumatise newcomers, both physically and mentally.

Consequently he has gone on record as the very first undergraduate who entered the Medical Faculty in Sri Lanka to fight against such joshing for which he received absolute support from the university youth that helped him to form the first Sinhala students union called Three Sinhale Sisya Sanvidhanaya, under the guidance of Ven. Baddegama Wimalawansa Anunayake Thera at the Sri Lanka Vidyalaya at Ode Temple Maradana, to fight against ragging. Despite every attempt, ragging continued and has been part and parcel of university life.

When it comes to university ragging the existed tradition had been to welcome new entrants to a university cordially. They are accepted, guided and assisted by senior students for two weeks or so during which period new students are made familiar with the library area and washroom facilities etc, but in Sri Lanka, the experience of a new entrant to a university can be a nightmare due to the indecent and extremely cruel raging.

Extreme cases

During what was known as the period of Bheeshanaya dangerous incidents such as “inserting candles into female genitals (as in the case of Rupa Rathnaseeli), squeezing male testicles inside drawers, poking straightened out coat- hangers into ears, striking the male genital over a long period of time (known as “bonchi kadeema“) were also reported. This was the period known where suicide risks of students were increased’ (Wikipedia).

The first major steps against university ragging by the government took place during Prime Minister Sirimavo Bandaranaike’s regime in 1974 followed by the findings of V.W. Kularatne Commission, which probed into ragging of a few trainee mathematics teachers at Vidyalankara University (Kelaniya University), which resulted in an expulsion of 12 undergraduates and penalising four officials for failing to take appropriate action.

In 1975, the first death due to ragging at Peradeniya University was recorded. A 22-year-old female student of the Faculty of Agriculture Rupa Rathnaseeli jumped from the second floor of the Ramanathan Hall hostel and was paralyzed. The incident occurred when seniors were about to perform physical ragging on her by trying to insert a candle into her genitals. She committed suicide in 2002.

Likewise there are many cases reported over the years from the University of Ruhuna, Schools of Agriculture, Angunakolapellessa, University of Peradeniya, and the University of Sri Jayewardenepura.

Legal aspect

Human rights of every citizen are protected under the Sri Lankan Constitution, which enables any citizen to submit a petition to the Supreme Court in terms of the Article 126 of the Constitution associated with any human rights violation or a case closer to the infringement.

University students too, are citizens of the country and are subject to the Common Law that prevails in Sri Lanka. Therefore, any form of criminal or civil offence executed by students also becomes punishable and they shall be produced before a Court to face a trial, followed by a punishment. In 1998, Parliament passed the Universities’ Act No. 16 prohibiting and ragging and other forms of violence in educational institutions.

Unlike in India, there is no official anti-ragging movement in Sri Lanka, but with the situation of ragging worsening yearly, there is a spontaneously emerging anti-ragging movement in each and every Faculty of the University where ragging takes place. In the case of the University of Peradeniya, an anti-ragging movement emerged in 1996. Prior to that, there was no movement against ragging, but certain individuals escaped from the rag. In the meanwhile, anti-ragging movements started to appear in all other Universities. Several Faculties in Universities have become rag-free due to the movements.

Internal clashes too, have erupted several times due to the friction between ragging and anti-ragging movements within universities. Samantha Vithanage was a third year Management student at the University of Sri Jayewardenepura. She pioneered an anti-ragging campaign and got killed at a meeting while in a discussion about ragging. The Higher Education Minister S.B. Dissanayake, at the time, stressed that he would take firm action against those found guilty of such misdemeanor by expelling them from the university.

The parents of university students tend to believe that the reason behind university student suffering is due to their (students) inability to look at a situation in its larger framework and giving undue importance to minor issues or incidents.

General consensus

By the same token the general consensus is that it would be worse if students are allowed to get away with inappropriate behaviour such as stripping newcomers of their rights, their dignity, their self respect including their clothes whenever they attempt to disregard all forms of authority. What seems to be a strange factor is that each student signs a document promising that they would not rag, prior to gain entry into a university, and if caught they will accept the responsibility and the consequences.

The unfortunate aspect appears to be that majority of the senior students do not seems to have a mindset that ragging a new comer to be a wrong act. Instead they are inclined to believe it as their right as senior undergrads. So, when they are subjected to punishment having ragged they naturally tend to deny their vicious acts. They also may deny threatening lecturers. This trend of shirking responsibility for their own actions develops into a serious problem, as these young and intelligent undergraduates are the ones who will one day come out of the university and will be holding key positions in the country.

If this is the type of stock and brand of thinking we are going to experience and produce out of our education systems and universities, how long can the authorities and the public afford to permit a few distorted mind-sets to cripple the future of thousands of other students for the sake of a few irresponsible ‘politically motivated’ selfish students?

“Intelligence is more important than strength, that is why earth is ruled by men and not by animals.”

tilakfernando@gmail.com

A word to all those who are Patriotically concerned about the Motherland 

November 9th, 2016

Dr Sudath Gunasekara President, Mahanuwara Sinhala Bauddha Jesta Purawesiyange Sanvidhanaya  11. 9 2016

“The international community needed to intervene in the incidents taking place in the Northern Province as the government was no longer in control, Northern Province Chief Minister C.V. Wigneswaran said.

Speaking to the United Kingdom’s Minister of State for the Commonwealth and the UN at the Foreign & Commonwealth Office Baroness Anelay yesterday, the Chief Minister said the citizens in the province could not accept the solutions provided by the government

(Wigneswaran)

“Highlighting the need for an international investigation in to war crimes, Wigneswaran said they could not accept a domestic mechanism. It was essential that an investigation be conducted internationally with the participation of international judges, he said.

Meanwhile, the Baroness said she would discuss the requests made by the Chief Minister with high ranking government officials.  (Romesh Madu”

 

Obviously it appears that Wigneswaran no longer considers Northern Province as a part of the Republic of Sri Lanka and as such he talks like a Head of an independent State- that is his dream EELAM

Reading through the above news item I am puzzled as to what the hell the Government of this country is doing and whether there is a government in this country at all at the moment. Granted there is one what is it doing other than the opposition politicians trying to weed them out day and night. If this type is done in any other country by this time he would have been hanged or beheaded openly for treason. In what country ob earth does a minority mad politician that comprise about only 5% of the total population is tolerated in this manner. I know for certain neither the leader of the Opposition or Chief Organizer of the Opposition will also never utter a word about such traitorous statements. Because first this is exactly what the Leader of the Opposition being a LTTE rumpus also wants and secondly the Organizer is only praying and waiting till the present government completely impoverish and destroy this country leading to a social upheaval so that they can form the government of the proletariat they dream

What the Government  of Sri Lanka is doing when its own local politicians are making mad public statements like this to a foreign politician who visit his area. Isn’t this amount to naked and ciminal treason? At the same time what the hell these British colonial rubbish is doing here after robbing and destroying this country nearly for 150 years. Why can’t the government ask these colonial intruders to hands off this country and look after their own business at least now.

First Wigneswaran asks the visiting Uk Mimnister for the International Community to intervene. How and or on what ground can he says the government was no longer in control and the citizens in the province could not accept the solutions provided by the government. As the Chief Minister of the NPC first he must ask the Government of the country to bring about normalcy there if he thinks so. After all isn’t he who creates all problems for the government This is just like the tiger who accuses the lamb drinking water from a point far below for muddying the water. Then he says the citizens in the province could not accept the solutions provided by the government. Does this means he already lives in another country?

Then further ask for he highlights the need for an international investigation in to war crimes against whom he does not specify. Whether it s against the Government or the tigers who have committed all the war crimes both against the Tamils and the people of this country Doesn’t it again points to the fact that  he goes against the Sri Lanka Government  by saying they could not accept a domestic mechanism.  Doesn’t it again means treason and violates the constitution when he Says “It was essential that an investigation be conducted internationally with the participation of international judges, he said”.

My million Dollar, question is firstly what is the Government is doing

If there is a Government in this country at all why doesn’t it take immediate action against Wigneswaran and these foreign intruders and keep mum like a set of idiots and allow them to create more and more problems for us.

Second why the Government doesn’t wind up these white elephants (PCC) that create so many problems by destroying the economy and governance in this country for the past 30 years.

Or does the present Government wants the so called International Community to walk in and establish the EElam in the North and East and wash off its hands to satisfy their colonial masters and India?

Everybody in this country knows how this mad man has behaved from the day he was appointed CM. Every time he opens his venomous and venomous mouth he says something against the Sinhala people and Buddhist in this country. Shame on him as a lawyer and a human and I see him a hate resist Tamil even more dangerous than Prabakaran.

Why the government does tolerate and maintains him who always violates the constitution and spells out venomous racist beans against the state and the people who have created the civilization in this country.

If the Government is not taking any action against this lunatic political shouldn’t we ask the people of this country do something about him and the whole PCC system and also the Government before it is too late?

 

REJECT  proposals for a New Constitution

November 9th, 2016

Global Sri Lankan Forum

REJECT the proposals for a New Constitution on the Centre-Periphery relations aimed at destroying the Democratic, socialist Republic OF SRI LANKA.

The proposals now submitted by the committee of 11 members having first met in May 2016, and finally on 27th Aug. rejects the NATIONAL WILL as expressed by the Parliament by giving precedence to the Provinces at the expense of the Centre. The one and only reason flaunted by the committee is the undue advantage enjoyed by the Centre when looking at the issues from the point of view of the Periphery. They repeat the term ‘impediment to healthy relationship’ to identify the specific powers entrusted to the Centre for effective governance of a country which faced an armed separatist group and continues to be confronted with separatist claims. The recommendations are by and large an attempt to dismantle the Centre and equip the interested provinces to follow a path towards complete independence. The report clearly states that “The UNITARY CHARACTER IS AN IMPEDIMENT” which reveals the preferred directions of the hidden agenda. In short, the committee is overtly interested in a Federal government, a way towards the dismembering of the SOVERIEGN UNITARY state OF SRI LANKA.

Some of the proposals put forward by the committee are as follows.

1 The powers of the Governor to be a real representative of the Centre to be reduced to make him a nominal head of the Provincial council system.

2 The Provincial public service to be brought under the Provincial Public Service Commission.

3 The concurrent list which is in the present constitution to be abolished as an impediment to the spirit of devolution.

4 The Provincial Police to be under an independent Provincial Police Commission.

5 All state lands in the Provinces to be administered by the Provincial Council.

In addition there are other recommendations in relation to Finance and Revenue collections, Parliamentary laws, Reserved list etc. which are said to a part of a  “hierarchical pyramid structure” rather than playing an effective role in the sphere of the Periphery.

The pervasive inference of the proponents for more devolution to the Periphery is not difficult to comprehend. It stems from the wrong idea that “power sharing only signifies the demarcation of exclusive areas of authority for the Provinces which are to be independent of the Centre”  It fails to acknowledge that  power is also shared when the Centre and the Provinces act jointly and in partnership ….“Since where the national interest is concerned it is axiomatic that the Provinces must give way to the Centre…”(late Mr H.L.De Silva, the eminent Constitutional lawyer)

 

We request all Patriotic Parliamentarians who genuinely consider the importance of protecting the SOVERIEGN, UNITARY GOVERNMENT OF SRI LANKA to rise above petty party politics to UNITE AND DEFEAT THE IMPENDING DANGER OF SEPARTISM.

We, the Global Sri Lankan Forum, find it extremely difficult to comprehend the silence, especially of the Joint Opposition members in the committee who strongly believe in preventing separatism, for their lack of dissenting responses to these obnoxious proposals. If they raised objections, the committee has deviously ignored recording such dissenting views. It is now up to the members of the Joint Opposition and others who share anti-separatist views to explain to the citizens how the proposals were formulated and why the opposing views were not recorded.

Once unitary powers are devolved to entertain the sinister motives of western nations, all the King’s horses and all the King’s men will NEVER BE ABLE TO PUT a dismembered, federal country,  BACK TOGETHER AGAIN. What the terrorists could not obtain after 30 years of armed conflict on the blood, sweat and tears of an entire nation, is being served to them on a golden platter in the guise of this treacherous new constitution by just 11 members of this committee .

 

Portion of bond scam money already sent to Singapore – GL

November 8th, 2016

බැඳුම්කර සල්ලි සිංගප්පූරුවට යවනවා – කොළඹින් ඉඩම් ගන්නවා

බැඳුම්කර ගනුදෙනුවෙන් උපයා ගත් මුදල් පර්පචුවල් සාමගම විසින් සිංගප්පූරුවට යැවීමට පියවර ගෙන ඇතැයි වාර්තා වූ බව හිටපු
අමාත්‍ය මහචාර්ය ජී.එල් පීරිස් මහතා පවසයි.

Lanka’s day of shame

November 8th, 2016

Editorial Courtesy The Island

Perhaps, no other country in the world has ill-treated its disabled service and police personnel in a more shameful and despicable manner than Sri Lanka. It was with shock and dismay that we watched the police using water cannon and tear gas to disperse a protest march conducted by a group of disabled soldiers and policemen who were denied pensions because they had retired due to permanent injuries before completing the stipulated periods in service. A hunger strike had preceded their march.

What those in power have apparently forgotten is that the country is free from terrorism today because the military, police and the Civil Defence Force personnel fought the LTTE risking their life and limb and many of them lost their arms, legs and eyes in the line of duty. The government must do whatever it takes to grant the justifiable demands of those who suffered disabilities at the hands of terrorists without provoking them into staging street protests.

It is being claimed in some quarters that on Monday police targeted the politically-motivated, able-bodied troublemakers and unfortunately the disabled protesters were also affected in the process. Water cannon have no crosshairs as is common knowledge. There is no way the riot police can target political elements mingling with disabled protesters. They also used water cannon and tear gas indiscriminately, knowing well that disabled persons including retired policemen would be the worst affected. Anyone who claims that the police targeted political activists has taken the public for suckers.

Some defence bigwigs are among those who claim that there was a political hand behind Monday’s protest. The manner in which the issue was handled smacks of a sinister political move; the circumstances that led to the protest march make one wonder whether someone deliberately allowed the situation to get out of hand, while President Maithripala Sirisena was out of the country. The march could have been nipped in the bud if a high ranking defence official had cared to meet the protesters while they were engaged in a fast and given them a written assurance that they would be given pensions. After all, that was what the President had ordered and the Defence Ministry did in the end.

No protest is devoid of politics in this country. There have been instances where protesters got killed due to the involvement of political parties in workers’ agitations. The death of a free trade zone employee due to police shooting during a protest against the Rajapaksa government’s efforts to introduce a private sector pension scheme is a case in point. The then rulers blamed the JVP for instigating the workers. Politics and protests are inseparable. There is reason to believe that necessary conditions were created for the pension issue to evolve into a march and for tear gas and water cannon to be used on disabled soldiers and policemen who tried to enter the Presidential Secretariat. The end result was that President Sirisena incurred public opprobrium.

President Sirisena has publicly complained of being kept in the dark anent certain actions of vital state institutions including the police. His consternation is understandable. The public holds him responsible for everything bad the government does because he was instrumental in last year’s regime change and paving the way for the formation of the present administration.

President Chandrika Kumaratunga found herself in a similar predicament from 2001 to 2004. She was not informed of even the ceasefire agreement between the UNF government and the LTTE before it was inked.

It will be a mistake for President Sirisena to join others in flaying the Opposition activists for Monday’s incident without ascertaining how the unfortunate incident came about even after he had taken action to solve the issue and finding out who was responsible for that.

China defends envoy’s comments over Chinese loans

November 8th, 2016

Adaderana

November 8, 2016  06:13 pm  

 China today defended comments by its ambassador to Sri Lanka over criticism against high interest rates charged on Chinese loans to the country, saying he had only “clarified some misunderstandings and misleading remarks” on bilateral cooperation.

“The Chinese Ambassador to Sri Lanka exchanged views with friends from the media on China-Sri Lanka relations and the status quo of bilateral cooperation and clarified some misunderstandings and misleading remarks regarding China-Sri Lanka cooperation at a seminar,” Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesman Lu Kang said.

“The candid exchange of views on relevant cooperation between China and Sri Lanka is conducive to the sound development of bilateral mutually beneficial cooperation as they are good friends that trust and help each other,” Kang said, in a written response to PTI on a question over reports about the controversy stirred up by Chinese envoy to Sri Lanka Yi Xianliang’s remarks.

Reports from Colombo said that Sri Lanka may summon Yi to convey Colombo’s displeasure over his remarks.

Yi reportedly refuted criticism that China has granted hefty loans to Sri Lanka during the previous Mahinda Rajapaksa government with higher interest rates and asked why Sri Lanka always turns to China if the interest is high as claimed by some Sri Lankan ministers.

Yi was quoted as saying that China has regular, or fixed interest ratio of two per cent for any developing country and not only for Sri Lanka.

“If you don’t like this one, why you come again, to talk with me about another one,” he asked reportedly referring to criticism from Sri Lanka’s Finance Minister Ravi Karunanayake who said Chinese loans carried higher interest rates.

Responding to Yi’s comments Karunanayake said “If he says they have not given loans with interest more than two percent we are happy – because then we have only have to pay two per cent then”.

The reports said besides defending Chinese loans, Yi also criticised the slow progress of some Chinese-funded projects.

“The Chinese do not get involved in local politics and will work with the government in power. The Chinese firms have not bribed Sri Lankans to do business in the country,” he said last week adding that “China has no hidden agenda in Sri Lanka and conducts its affairs with the government in an open and transparent manner”.

Commenting on the suspension of work in the port city project in Colombo after the government of President Maithripala Sirisena came to power to investigate the irregularities, Yi said this had caused a loss of USD 140 million to the Chinese company involved.

The work on the USD 1.4 billion project was subsequently resumed after the new government renegotiated the terms.

Source: PTI

-Agencies

– See more at: http://adaderana.lk/news/37757/china-defends-envoys-comments-over-chinese-loans#sthash.pRUmfCRB.dpuf

චීනය මහින්ද කැදවයි.. මහින්ද වහා චීනයට යයි..

November 8th, 2016

 lanka C news | ලංකා සී නිවුස්

චීනය මහින්ද කැදවයි.. මහින්ද වහා චීනයට යයි..

මහජන චීන රජය විසින් හිටපු ජනාධිපති මහින්ද රාජපක්ෂ මහතා එරට සංචාරයක යෙදන ලෙස නිල ආරාධනයක් සිදු කර තිබේ.

ඒ අනුව හිටපු ජනාධිපතිවරයා මේ මස 23දා චීන සංචාරයක යෙදෙන බව ඔහුගේ ප‍්‍රකාශකයෙක් පැවසීය.

මෙම සංචාරයේදී චීන රජයේ ප‍්‍රධානීන් මෙන්ම දේශපාලන පක්‍ෂ නායකයන්, එරට වෙසෙන ශ්‍රී ලාංකිකයන් හමුවීමටද නියමිතය.

සුවසේ නිදන්න මපියාණනි

November 8th, 2016

වෛද්‍ය රුවන් එම් ජයතුංග 

lasantha2
නිදන්න පියාණනි නිදන්න
සුවසේ නිදන්න මපියාණනි
ඔබ යළි කිසි දිනෙක අවදි නොවන බව මම දනිමි
මම ඔබ එන තෙක් බලා සිටියෙමි
එහෙත් ඔබ නාවේය
ඔබ  මා හැර දමා යන්නට ගොසිනි
යළි කිසි දින අප හමු නොවනු ඇත
මිනී පෙට්ටියේ පියන වැසූ පසු
ඔබ මට සාදාකාලික මතකයක් පමණි

Federal experts in sub-committee: Threat to SL’s unitary nature

November 8th, 2016

Courtesy The Daily Mirror

PHU General Secretary and MP Udaya Gammanpila yesterday claimed there would be a risk to the unitary nature of Sri Lanka because of the intervention of federal experts in the proposed new constitution based on the resolution approved in Parliament on March 9.

Mr. Gammanpila said the proposals in sub-committee report on the Central Government and Provincial Councils had proved that there was a conspiracy to include federalism in the proposed new constitution.

“The government has repeatedly stressed that it would not compromise on the unitary nature of Sri Lanka. But the situation has changed with there being none to speak up on the unitary state in the sub-committee though there are several federal experts in it,” he said.

The MP said this would lead to the setting up of a Constitutional Assembly based on racism.

He said according to the sub-committee reports the police powers were to be devolved to the provincial councils.

“The central government should retain police powers,” the MP said and warned that if there were to be a war in Sri Lanka in the future, it would be between the Army and and the Police in Northern Province.

He said the sub-committee report proposes to hand over ownership of the lands in the Northern Province to Chief Minister C.V. Wigneswaran who is currently on a mission to expel Sinhalese from the Northern Province.

“Giving powers to the provincial councils will mean supporting Mr. Wigneswaran. It is evident from his actions that he is racially motivated,” the MP said.

Meanwhile, he invited patriots to refrain from voting for the proposed new constitution in a referendum. (Kalathma Jayawardhane)

 

– See more at: http://www.dailymirror.lk/article/Federal-experts-in-sub-committee-Threat-to-SL-s-unitary-nature-118865.html#sthash.u5ccG6CW.dpuf

Sri Lanaka’s foray into the maritime security industry Floating armoury controversy – Part I

November 8th, 2016

Though much has been said and written in the past two years about the opaque operations of Avant Garde Maritime Services, most people know little or nothing of what it was all about – a classic case of a controversy creating more confusion than enlightenment. In this article, The Island staffer C. A. Chandraprema traces how Sri Lanka got drawn into the murky world of maritime security and the roles the Rajapaksa government and the private sector played in the operation.

In 2006 as the war intensified, the Defence Ministry set up Rakna Lanka Ltd, a fully government owned limited liability company to provide security services to important government installations and institutions such as the Mahaweli dams and the Petroleum Corporation etc. Made up entirely of ex-armed forces personnel this special security service was meant to eliminate the need to deploy army and police personnel to guard infrastructure and to release them for duties in the war zone. Rakna Lanka provided security services to 49 government institutions during and after the war. While Sri Lanka remained preoccupied with the war, a new development that took place in the Indian Ocean region was the rise of piracy off the coast of Somalia.

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In December 2008 the UN Security Council issued Resolution No: 1851 expressing grave concern at the dramatic increase in the incidents of piracy off the coast of Somalia and noted that these attacks had expanded over a wide area in the Indian Ocean. The resolution called upon all states to take part actively in the fight against piracy. The Contact Group on Piracy off the Coast of Somalia was created on 14 January 2009. When this threat first manifested itself, the shipping companies expected the navies in the region to protect their vessels. However even the combined strength of all the navies in the region was not able to guarantee the security of shipping in the Indian ocean and ships started carrying armed security guards. By May 2009, the United States Coast Guard had issued a directive to all US-flagged ships sailing around the Horn of Africa to have armed guards.

The UK was an early leader in deploying armed ‘sea marshals’ on board merchant shipping in the Indian ocean. The British House of Commons Foreign Affairs Committee in a report on ‘Piracy off the coast of Somalia’ observed that the UK sits at the centre of the global shipping trade and aside from direct shipping interests, the maritime sector constitutes a major component of the UK insurance, banking and legal sectors and a very large proportion of ships travelling in the Indian ocean are insured in the UK, and that therefore piracy was very much a British problem. They further observed that ‘the evidence in support of using private armed security guards is compelling and that ship owners should be allowed to protect their ships and crew by employing private armed security guards’.

A British dominated industry

Noting that over 50% of the armed security on board ships is provided by UK nationals or foreign companies run by UK nationals, the House of Commons Foreign Affairs Committee concluded that “… the Government should take a more proactive approach to facilitate an effective and safe legal regime for the carriage and use of weapons for the purposes of deterring piracy. We recommend that the Government actively engage with port and coastal states surrounding Somalia to establish an agreement on the carriage and transfer of weapons by private armed guards so that they can be securely removed from vessels once they have exited the high risk area”.

One of the countries that the British government (through their High Commissioner in Colombo) and the maritime security industry approached very early on in this regard was Sri Lanka, which at their request began storing the weapons of private maritime security companies at the navy armoury in Galle from December 2009 onwards. The first weapons stored in this manner were those of sea marshals on board a ship belonging to the Norwegian shipping conglomerate, Wilhelmsen Company. Galle, being located just outside the high risk area in the Indian Ocean soon became a hub for private maritime security personnel to embark and disembark from ships.

When the sea marshals of these foreign private maritime security companies were to arrive in Galle, the local agent of the relevant maritime security company would inform the Defence Ministry and obtain the necessary clearance for the storage of the weapons. When the ship nears Galle, the local agent would go to the ship in a hired boat along with a navy representative, who would make sure that the sea marshals were disembarking from the ship mentioned in the documents and they would all return to the Galle harbour, where the navy would help the foreign sea marshals through Customs. Then their weapons would be deposited in the navy armoury and the local agent would take the sea marshals to Katunayake and send them home by plane. Every such transfer was approved separately by the Defence Ministry. When embarking on ships for duty, the process would be reversed. All the international maritime security companies operating in the Indian Ocean soon had agents in Sri Lanka to look after their sea marshals. The navy earned an itemised fee per day for storing the weapons and equipment such as the body armour of private maritime security companies.

At this early stage, none of the numerous land based security companies in Sri Lanka was involved in the maritime security industry. The ‘maritime security companies’ in Sri Lanka were actually shipping companies acting as the agents for foreign maritime security companies and didn’t have security personnel and weapons in Sri Lanka. As the maritime security industry burgeoned, in July 2010, several foreign private maritime security companies led by Protect Risk Management Solutions Ltd and Varic Security Offshore suggested to Rakna Lanka that they should hire out armed sea marshals to be deployed on ships. The private maritime security companies were attracted to Rakana Lanka because it was a government owned enterprise operating under the Ministry of Defence and all its guards were ex- service personnel well trained in handling firearms and fully vetted by the authorities.

Furthermore, the weapons used by Rakna Lanka belonged to the government of Sri Lanka and there were no problems about the legality of those weapons. The Maritime Security arm of Rakna Lanka was established in March 2011 and they became the first land based security company in Sri Lanka to have a maritime security arm. However, Rakna Lanka depended on the foreign maritime security companies to bring business to them. When the latter makes a request for sea marshals, Rakna Lanka provided the men and weapons and obtained a fee for their services based on a written agreement. On 19 March 2011 Rakna Lanka provided its first on board security team to Inter Ocean Services Ltd to deploy onboard MV Emerald.

IMO formulates industry guidelines

In the meantime, the International Maritime Organisation had formulated regulations for private maritime security companies and sea marshals. On 16 September 2011, the Maritime Security Committee of the IMO issued Circular No: 1408 giving its recommendations to member states on the use of privately contracted armed security personnel on board ships where they said:

“The use of privately contracted armed security personnel on ships is a very recent and still evolving development. Existing national legislation, policies and procedures may not have been developed taking into account or to cater for the various scenarios related to the embarkation or disembarkation of privately contracted sea marshals or their firearms. Member Governments, should have in place policies and procedures to facilitate the movement of privately contracted sea marshals and of their firearms … The recommendations contained in this document are not intended in any manner to override or otherwise interfere with the national legislation of a State. However, at the same time, they recognize the concerns and interests of the owners of ships navigating through the high risk area.”

On 25 May 2012, the IMO Maritime Security Committee Issued Circular No: 1405 laying down guidelines to ship owners on the use of privately contracted armed security personnel on board ships. This circular sought to advise ship owners on the criteria to be applied when selecting private maritime security companies to provide security for their ships. They were advised to check on the registration of the security company, its ownership, its annual accounts and bank references, the extent of its insurance cover, the experience of its senior management etc. The private security companies were also required to produce evidence of actual maritime security experience as against land based security, and proof of the legal possession of firearms etc.

On the same day the IMO Maritime Security Committee issued circular No: 1443 to private maritime security companies stressing that they needed to perform thorough checks on the criminal background, history of employment, military background, physical and mental fitness, drug and alcohol abuse, competence in the use of firearms etc when recruiting sea marshals. The private maritime security company also had to ensure that the sea marshals it recruited had adequate training to carry out their duties. Sri Lanka had joined the IMO (a UN body) in 1972 and its directives constitute a part of Sri Lanka’s international obligations. By 2011, there were more than two dozen companies (mainly shipping companies) in Sri Lanka acting as the Sri Lankan agents of international maritime security companies. On 13 September 2011, Avant Garde Maritime Services became the twenty fifth private maritime security company to register with Rakna Lanka to obtain the services of sea marshals.

Avant Garde hits the ground running

At that time Avant Garde was one of the largest land based private security firms in the country and had done an extensive study of the maritime security industry before entering it. No other private land based security company in Sri Lanka had entered the maritime security industry by that time. In 2011, As they signed up with Rakna Lanka, Avant Garde hit the ground running by signing a separate agreement to provide sea marshals for fishing vessels in the Indian ocean – a business that they had on their own canvassed and brought to Sri Lanka.

None of the foreign maritime security companies that had agents in Sri Lanka were involved in this niche business. The difference between an ordinary sea marshal and a fishing trawler sea marshal was that the latter had to spend more than six months at a time on board the trawler. Rakna Lanka sea marshals were reluctant to take up these jobs and Avant Garde looked for recruits on their own who were then vetted, registered and provided with weapons and equipment on hire by Rakna Lanka. At this early stage, Avant Garde established several ‘forward operational bases’ along the coast of Africa and in the Middle East, to look after their fishing trawler sea marshals.

The way sea marshals were hired out to the numerous clients Rakna Lanka had was either to send the full complement of three or four guards with weapons and equipment or to hire out just three or four assault rifles and equipment accompanied by a Rakna Lanka sea marshal who would look after the weapons given on hire. These weapons would then be used by the foreign sea marshals of the private maritime security company with the Rakna Lanka custodian also functioning as a member of the security team. Handing the weapons back to Rakna Lanka was the responsibility of the respective private maritime security company. Rakna Lanka kept a cash deposit against losses and damages for weapons and ammunition issued in this manner. Each such deployment would be approved by a specially designated Additional Secretary of the Defence Ministry.

In Sri Lanka, many land based private security companies had authorisation to use firearms. The licence for the firearms was granted to the owner or director of the security firm (who had to be a retired armed forces or police officer above a certain rank) and he would assign the weapons to his guards who would have the necessary police clearances and a ‘watcher’s permit’ issued by the District Secretariat. In similar fashion, Rakna Lanka had authorisation from the Defence Ministry to own firearms which could be assigned to their guards. On occasions when foreign sea marshals of private maritime security companies used Rakna Lanka firearms on ships, the regulations that applied were firstly, the legal clearance and registration of that private maritime company in an IMO member country as per the IMO directives, secondly the registration of those foreign sea marshals in an IMO member country in accordance with their domestic laws and the guidelines of the IMO, and certification of their competence to bear arms and thirdly, the internationally binding agreement the private maritime security company had with Rakna Lanka.

The Baltic and International Maritime Council or BIMCO – the world’s largest ship owners’ association has stated in a Security Advisory that the onus was on the ship owners to check the licences of the weapons used by the private maritime security companies they chose. If the latter are hiring their weapons and equipment from third parties, the ship owner have to ensure that those weapons have the required licences and permits issued by state authorities so as not to be in violation of Clause 10 of GUARDCON – the standard contract entered into between ship owners and private maritime security companies for the deployment of sea marshals.

Rakna Lanka had an armoury located in the BMICH premises under police supervision for its sea marshals using the Colombo port and another armoury in the Galle navy camp for those using the Galle harbour. According to UN Security Council document No: S/2012/544 of 13 July 2012, the Security Council considered the question of the lack of oversight by an international regulatory authority over the weapons used by private maritime security organisations and said that this loophole enabled some private maritime security companies to use illegal or unregistered weapons which could be obtained cheaply from dealers in Yemen and Egypt. In this context, the Security Council observed that weapons could be officially leased from certain Governments such as Sri Lanka, Djibouti, and Comoros and that that was an option ‘when strictly regulated, probably provided the greatest degree of oversight’.

Hiccups in UNSC endorsed system

However, renting out weapons and equipment even to well recognised maritime security companies did not go well at first. This was a matter that came to the notice of the UN Security Council as well. They stated in document No: S/2012/544 that in 2011, the Sri Lankan Government reportedly lost track of a large number of government-owned weapons that it had rented out to various private maritime security companies. (These were subsequently recovered by Avant Garde on behalf of Rakna Lanka.) In one case, three T-56 assault rifles leased to the UK-registered company Marine Risk Management were taken on board a Finnish ship at Galle on route to Gibraltar and when the Rakna Lanka custodian accompanying the weapons flew back to Sri Lanka from Gibraltar, the UK company had failed to send back the weapons and they were found only after the ship reached its next port of call in Poland.

As a solution to this problem of weapons being misplaced, a ‘closed network’ system was devised by Rakna Lanka in collaboration with Avant Garde by expanding their network of forward operational bases to eight in such locations as the Seychelles, Maldives, South Africa, Mauritius, Djibouti, Kenya, Tanzania and Oman and also by establishing land based armouries in Muscat, Dar Es Salam, Mauritius and Durban (run by the police or army in those countries) as well as two floating armouries in the Red sea and Gulf of Oman to handle the weapons of Rakna Lanka sea marshals ending their tours at that end of the high risk zone. This created a closed system where Rakna Lanka weapons, equipment and sea marshals embarked or disembarked from anywhere in the high risk zone of the Indian ocean would be collected and looked after by this network without the likelihood of any weapons being misplaced.

This operation became the most comprehensive maritime security system in the Indian Ocean and no foreign maritime security company could match it. The investment in the floating armouries, land based armouries and the ‘forward operations bases’ on the other side of the Indian Ocean were all done by Avant Garde without Rakna Lanka or the Sri Lankan government investing any money. The international marketing aspect of the operation was also handled by Avant Garde. Rakna Lanka was from the beginning dependent on the private maritime security companies to bring business to them. The partnership between Rakna Lanka and Avant Garde took the maritime security industry in the Indian Ocean to new level.

(To be continued tomorrow)

Jaffna

November 8th, 2016

 

එක වදනයි.. ආබාධිත රණවිරු ප‍්‍රහාරය ගැන පස්වැනි සේනාධිනායකයා තරු පෙනෙන්න කියයි.. [Video]

November 8th, 2016

ලංකා සී නිවුස්

එක වදනයි.. ආබාධිත රණවිරු ප‍්‍රහාරය ගැන පස්වැනි සේනාධිනායකයා තරු පෙනෙන්න කියයි.. [Video]

ඊයේ දින පොලීසිය විසින් අබාධිත රණවිරුවන්ට කදුළු ගෑස් හා අධිපීඩන ජල ප‍්‍රහාරයක් එල්ල කිරීම සම්බන්ධයෙන් හිටපු ජනාධිපති මහින්ද රාජපක්‍ෂ මහතා අදහස් පල කරයි.

කොළඹ පැවති උත්සව සභාවක් අතරතුරදී මාධ්‍යවේදීන් වෙත ඔහු මෙසේ කියා සිටියේය.

What Happened – Sunil Handunnetti

November 8th, 2016

‘‘අද දෙරණ මොකද වුණේ“ වැඩසටහන හා සම්බන්ධ වෙමින් සුනිල් හඳුන්නෙත්ති මහතා කෝප් කමිටු වාර්තාව ගැන අදහස් පළ කළ කරයි.

Hold impartial inquiry on bond scam

November 8th, 2016

Resignation has been demanded because the Central Bank technically came under the purview of the Prime Minister and he had given relevant instructions to the bank with regard to the bond issue They point out that even after the bond scam the Prime Minister was not in favour of removing Mahendran from the post, but it was President Maithripala Sirisena who finally prevented his reappointment by nominating Indrajith Coomaraswamy to the post of Central Bank Governor.

Following the recommendations of the Parliamentary Committee On Public Enterprises (COPE) the Prime Minister, however, referred the committee’s report to the Attorney General for legal action. It is in this context that the joint opposition has threatened to organize countrywide protests demanding the Premier’s resignation.

One thing that is relevant here is that ours is not a country where politicians have ever set examples in the past by resigning from their positions whenever some major allegations were levelled against them. The other point is, if Ranil Wickremesinghe resigns at this juncture will it resolve all our problems?  At least will it be the end of all corruption in the country?

On the contrary it will be the beginning of a new political crisis in the country especially at a time the new government is trying to put the economy on the right track with some clear vision for the future.

The advantages of such a resignation and the ensuing political uncertainty will go to corrupt politicians who are already being investigated and those who are already indicted and have little choice other than making every effort to topple this administration.

Meanwhile President Maithripala Sirisena has publicly stated that he came to power with the promise of good governance and therefore his responsibility is not only to punish those who have done wrong things in the past but also to prevent recurrence of such things under his own administration.

The President is still the head of the state and head of the executive and has all the powers to ensure an independent investigation into this matter and punish those who are responsible. He has made it clear that he is determined to obtain an impartial verdict through the country’s legal system.

So what is necessary is to rely on the assurances given by the President and our own legal system and to carefully watch the manner in which the investigations are conducted and not to create political chaos by having public campaigns demanding resignations or change of administration.


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