The American Nightmare

August 24th, 2014

RANJITH SOYSA

The latest civil riots in Ferguson, Missouri underscored the fact that all is not well in the criminal justice system and police action in the USA. In a survey conducted recently around 75% of the Afro- Amercan and Hispanic people expressed that they do not have the confidence in the investigation process of the Police in relation to any incident in which non-whites are involved. This figure has not seen any appreciable change for last 25 years while the Americans have been boasting of increased social mobility.

Restricting our scrutiny to last 25 years we witness the USA establishment been rudely shocked with civil disturbances in 1992 when the verdict was announced of Rodney King’s killing. In 2001, the Cincinati riots, shooting of Eric Garner in New York , Tryvon Martin, in Florida in 2012 again triggered rioting by the African –Americans. It is obvious that such responses do not take place among the young white men as young Black and Hispanic men are racially stereotyped as trouble makers. They are of course subjected to constant and increased searches and arrests. In Furguson in 2013, 86%of the vehicle stops and 92% of the searches and arrests were of Black people.

Many segments of Black people and other minorities also suffer from direct and indirect racial abuse in the day to day lives and they are very badly hit by the economic down turn . Their educational standards are inferior to the average White man and they are compelled to live within restricted opportunities. In short the majority of the Black and Hispanic people remain left behind.

Meanwhile, the American state is rapidly progressing into a very strong and deadly buraurcacy. In fact , of late a number of writers have drawn the attention of the Americans that the USA is fast moving toward “a Police State”. One write lamented “ We are operating in a topsy-turvy Sherwood Forest where instead of Robin Hood and his merry band of thieves stealing from the rich to feed the poor , you have got a government and its merry band of corporate thieves stealing from the poor to fatten the wallets of the rich. In this way the poor get poorer and the rich get richer. All the while the American dream of peace and prosperity and liberty has turned into a nightmare of endless wars, debilitating debt and outright tyranny”. In such a scenario, the worst affected are the Blacks and the Hispanics who are at the bottom of the social ladder.

The American Corporate state’s attempt to make money at the expense of its own people is well explained by the information relating to handing over of the prisons to private companies. “The Correction Corporation of America has offered to buy and manage public prisons in 48 states. The offer includes the expectation of prisoner population of at least 1000 prisoners per prison and THE STATES WOULD HAVE TO MAINTAIN 90% OCCUPANCY FOR AL LEAST 20 YEARS. . This has led to phenomenon of criminalization in which mundane activities are criminalized resulting in jail sentences.” One can of course realize how the disproportionate number of Black and Hispanic people end up in American prisons compelling them to serve repeated jail sentences and very often forced to be part of the dangerous under world rings.

The response of the Black people clearly show their frustrations for having been social outcasts for innumerable years and America’s social aberrations are still open and growing.

When the US Ambassador keeps on actively commenting and involving herself in highlighting unruly incidents in Sri Lanka with her tongue in cheek agenda, one should remind her about the plight of the Blacks and Hispanic people and their utter frustrations manifested in racial riots caused by outrage against the police killings including frequent illegal harassments.

WAR CRIMES IN SRI LANKA?????

August 24th, 2014

ALI SUKHANVER

A few years back, I remember, I penned down an article, ‘Sri Lanka Thanks Pakistan’; the article was published in various national and international papers and magazines. The background of this write-up was Sri Lanka’s achievement in wiping off the LTTE terrorists and throwing them away from the Sri Lankan lands. In response to my write-up, a professor from some Sri Lankan university mailed me a letter in which he categorically stated that without moral and military support of Pakistan, the LTTE terrorists could have never been defeated.

He had further stated that the Sri Lankan nation would never forget the favour and support provided by Pakistan in that time of trial and trouble. I don’t know what type of favour and support did Pakistan provide to Sri Lanka in that matter but it was quite obvious from the letter of that professor that the Sri Lankan people have a great regard and respect for Pakistan. Everyone knows that after banishment of the LTTE leader Thumbi from Sri Lanka, the relationship between Pakistan and Sri Lanka took a very positive and cordial turn.

This cordial relationship was certainly not very much pleasing for all those who are not in favour of closeness between Pakistan and Sri Lanka. So to create distances and hurdles between Pakistan and Sri Lanka, an attack on Sri Lankan Cricket team in Lahore was organized with the help of professional terrorists. Thank God the Sri Lankan team remained safe in that incident but it really deeply hurt the whole of the Pakistani nation. The only aim and objective of this attack was to damage cricketing in Pakistan and to spoil diplomatic relations between the two countries. But fortunately the things did not go upside down.

Though the Indian media tried its best to exploit the situation against Pakistan after the attack on Sri Lankan team but the government of Sri Lanka was wise enough to understand the actual plan hidden behind this activity. So the things kept on moving in a positive direction. The situation of diplomatic relations between the two countries is still very encouraging and progressing day by day and cricket is also being played between their national teams but this all is very much irritating and frustrating for the master-minds of all terrorist activities who simply want to create an air of distrust and disbelief between Pakistan and Sri Lanka.

Now the United Nations has at once started realizing that whatever the Sri Lankan government did to crush the menace of terrorism in Sri Lanka, involved human rights violation. It is very strange that the same UNO which seems in a state of pain and agony at the human rights violations in Sri Lanka could never feel any pain over the Israel’s atrocities against the innocent people of Palestine; it never raised any note of resentment on the whole sale massacre of Muslims in Indian Gujrat and it never takes serious the brutal bloodshed of the helpless Kashmiris at the hands of the Indian forces.

A few weeks back Mr.Navi Pillay, the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights formulated a committee to investigate war crimes committed in Sri Lanka. This committee shall assist a UN team constituted to probe into the matter. According to the details this committee would comprise of three members including Mr. Martti Ahtisaari, Ms. Silvia Cartwright and Ms. Asma Jahangir. The investigation is expected to take ten months after its official commencement. However the Sri Lankan government has rejected the investigative panel.

Talking to the Reuters, the Sri Lankan Foreign Minister Gamini Lakshman Peiris said the government had not accepted the UN investigations due to concerns over its legality, fairness, and some conflict of interest issues. He further emphasized that Sri Lanka will not cooperate with United Nations’ inquiry into alleged war crimes by government forces and separatist Tamil Tiger rebels in the final phase of their 26-year war. According to the Reuters, the UN through a United States-led resolution, last month set an international inquiry into the alleged war crimes and human rights abuses after the island nation’s government had failed to investigate them properly.

Sri Lankan government has rejected the allegations. In short the government of Sri Lanka is not happy over this investigation because it is taking this investigation as UN’s interference in Sri Lanka’s internal matters. Unfortunately a very well- reputed, highly skilled and renowned lawyer of Pakistan Ms. Asma Jahangir has also been dragged into the investigation committee as a member. Her presence in the committee would simply damage the cordial relationship between Pakistan and Sri Lanka because the government of Sri Lanka is not delighted at the situation.Pakistan holds Sri Lanka in high esteem as a trust worthy friend under all seasons, so a Pakistani lawyer must not be the member of a committee which is supposed to work in Sri Lanka against the will of the Sri Lankan government.

 

Dr. Ananda W P Guruge – the ‘Smiling Brown’ Kalyana Mitta: A Personal Tribute

August 24th, 2014

Prof. Suwanda H J Sugunasiri (writing from Canada)  Courtesy Island

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It was with a deep sense of loss that I read two emails the day following the passing away of Prof. Ananda W P Guruge. On the move always in the service of Buddha Dhamma, he died on the move, traveling, as reported. Way to go, my respected friend! When he writes to me about his travels here, there and everywhere, I once thought of inviting him to take it easy. I may even have said so when told of how once he had to be taken off a plane and rushed to emergency. But then I thought what difference it would make where and when one dies as long as one is on the way to doing something one loves and with good intent. And that is to serve the Dhamma, by speaking on or writing about it, when and wherever he’s called upon. So I’m happy he’s gone the way he enjoyed most. The Buddha was on the go surely when he passed into the Parinibbana experience.

My personal association with the Professor has not been long – only since about 2002 when my wife and I had the occasion to visit him in Los Angeles, at the Hsi Lai University where he was Academic Dean. I was meeting him to talk about Nalanda College of Buddhist Studies (Canada) which I had just founded (2000). Since then we had become, you could say, close friends, if communicating with frequency is a criterion. Short as our association has been, he is possibly the Sri Lankan with whom I’ve had the most email correspondence. So my comments will be as mostly gleamed from this.

Prof. Guruge’s parents must have had a special reason, maybe two, to name him Ananda.

The second – I’ll come to the first, is that he is indeed Ananda as best captured in his last name. Guruge literally means ‘of the House of Guru’, i.e., Teacher, Respected Elder, etc. If he was of the House of the Respected Elder, it is no secret that he was, in fact, the very house itself! As was Ven. Ananda, called the Dhammabhandagarika ‘Teasurer of the Dhamma’. Prof. Guruge was the walking Encyclopedia of Buddhism I would turn to for a clarification or other. And his latest favour was to kindly write a Foreword to my book, Arahant Mahinda – Redactor of the Buddhapujava in Sinhala Buddhism (2012). So if Guruge was a name by inheritance, i.e., by word of mouth so to speak, indeed he made it a name by deed, adding Ananda for good measure.

But our friendship was not only on matters academic. And this brings us to the first reason for his parents to pick the name Ananda for the infant boy – the ‘happy one’. But how do I know he was the happy one? Easy. He was always all smiles! A natural smile on the face can only come from a happy heart, and happy mind. And I can speak to it from my relationship with him.

One indicator of his happy mind was his willingness to give a helping hand. I’d asked for some information. Not having it in his files, he would direct me to someone who had, with the request to help me “.. to get the UN Resolution passed a few years back recognizing VESAK? He is planning to get Canada to pass a similar resolution.”, this a work in progress.

Compassion (karuna) at work.

And then there is his humility. An article submitted to the Canadian Journal of Buddhist Studies, I’d returned it with some severe editing, and apologies. But his response? “I am never offended by people who pay serious attention to my work. You are one of them and I value your comments and suggestions. I am a life-long learner and ever grateful to anyone who helps me in the process.”

Equanimity (upekkha) at work

Another was the constant encouragement I received in my work here in Canada. As if being members of a mutual appreciation society of two, this is how   Prof. Guruge expresses his happiness reading  a chapter  in Wild Geese: Buddhism in Canada. It was on my work of three decades in Canadian Buddhism, written by two Canadian professors, Victor Hori and Janet McLellan: “I am so very impressed with the service you have rendered to Buddhism  in Canada and you deserve the comprehensive article describing what   you have selflessly achieved…..I am really proud of you …… looking  back on what you have achieved  for Sri Lanka and   Buddhism……Congratulations and best wishes for the continuation of the  wonderful work.” Appreciative joy (mudita) at work.

On another score, he writes, on something I’d written relating to him: “What is included is quite correct and I am glad that you find  a place for me in your life. It is a great source of joy to me ….”

Friendliness (metta) at work!

Our friendship extends to literature as well. I’d written to him to say I’d read his novel, SERENDIPITY OF ANDREW GEORGE. Then I receive this email: “I enclose a review of the latest part of the Trilogy.” My novel, Untouchable Woman’s Odyssey sent to him, he wrote, “I read your novel and enjoyed the way you dealt with the theme. I will write my impressions when I am a bit free.” Apparently, M?ra, the Lord of Death, had other plans!

It was with great happiness that I saw honour rushing to him from here, there and everywhere. But would not honour received in the homeland context beat them all for the Lanka lover in him? A highlight might have been the invitation to deliver the ‘2011 D A Rajapaksa oration’ (24th November, 2011, at the main Auditorium at Temple trees). “This is the only function in Sri Lanka where His Excellency sits with the audience while the Orator and only a handful of others sit at the Head Table…. Attendance is by invitation and includes Foreign Diplomats, Ministers, MPs, Academics and many other dignitaries. It also includes ordinary people who were represented by Late Mr. D.A.Rajapaksa and are being represented now by his son.” The previous year, “it was attended by about 1000 persons.”

This, then, is how I remember my beautiful friend, kalyana mitta. Always with a smile, always willing to give a hand. Does not the smile speak volumes for the four Sublime Abodes (brahmaviharana) – metta, karuna, mudita, upekkha? So he was not just a student, and scholar, of Buddhism, but a living embodiment of what it means to live a Buddhist life.

When we last communicated, I was happy to hear that Mr Sirisumana Godage was bringing out all of his works, including his diaries.

If this piece has much of me as of him, there is an explanation. While kindness (karuna), friendliness (metta), etc. are certainly qualities of a mind, it is always expressible only in relation to somebody. And in this case, I happen to be the lucky one at the receiving end, which is why I appear on stage in a minor role. I’m sure there’re others out there, and hope they’ll speak up. This, my dear Readers, is also oral history – not available anywhere else. It was in our personal relationship, primarily through email communication, that I saw the best in him. If still I have erred, for airing personal communication, I do sincerely apologize, and can only thank you for your concern about my samsara. But I will continue to count on my good intentions, remembering the Buddha’s words, ‘Intent I say is kamma’. But I do hope that the message of the piece is not lost – to bring out goodness by way of an example for all of us.

A character in one of the Guruge novels sees in the Sinhala people the Smiling Brown. So it is with humility I say that I had the good fortune of having this wonderful Smiling Brown kalyana mitta of the stature and spiritual happiness of Prof. Guruge.

Respected friend, my thoughts are with you then that you’ll enjoy a respite from the calamities and the dukkha of living in the human world, and be born in Tusita Heaven, for all the merits you’ve earned; or higher, with the cultivated Sublime Abodes working for you. But it is, however, my confident hope that, in quick time, you’ll work out your way towards that supreme goal of Nibb?na!

Bon voyage samsarique, to connect to your French, dear Smiling Brown kalyana mitta!

(Buddhist scholar and Engaged Buddhist activist, Suwanda H J Sugunasiri is a Fulbright scholar. He may be contacted at suwanda.sugunasiri@utoronto.ca .)

කාලගුණ විපර්යාස වලට පිළියමක් නොයෙදුවහොත් මතු පරපුරට මහත් ආර්ථික විනාශයක් වේවි -ඇමති පාඨලි චම්පික රණවක-

August 24th, 2014

 මාධ්‍ය අංශය තාක්ෂණ හා පර්යේෂණ අමාත්‍යංශය

   උණුසුම වැඩිවීම හා කාලගුණ විපර්යාස වලට පිළියම් යෙදිමට දැන් සිටම තිර ආයෝජනයක් සිදු නොවුනහොත් ජලය, ආහාර හිඟවීම හා ලෙඩරෝග ආදිය නිසා අද උපදින දරුවනට ආනාගතයේ මහත් විනාශයක් සිදුවීමට ඉඩ ඇතැයි තාක්ෂණ හා පර්යේෂණ අමාත්‍ය පාඨලි චම්පික රණවක මහතා ^ 23 & පැවසීය. ප්‍රෝෆුඩ් ප්‍රෝපැක් නමින් බණ්ඩාරනායක සම්මන්ත්‍රණ ශාලාවේදී පැවති නැනෝ තාක්ෂණය මගින් ආහාර සුරක්ෂිතතාව ඇතිකිරිම පිළිබඳ සම්මන්ත්‍රණය හා ප්‍රදර්ශණයට සහභාගි වෙමින් ඒ මහතා මේ අඳහස් දැක්විය.  තවදුරටත් අඳහස් දැක්වු ඒ මහතා මෙසේ ද පැවසීය.

 ලෝකයේ සීඝ්‍රයෙන් ව්‍යාප්ත වන තාක්ෂණයක් වන්නේ නැනෝ තාක්ෂණයයි. ඉතා කුඩා ලෝකයකදි ද්‍රව්‍ය වල ගුණාංග වෙනස් වන නිසා මේ මගින් ආහාර, ඇසුරුම්, සෞඛ්‍ය, බලශක්තිය ආදි ක්ෂේත්‍රවල කළහැකි වෙනස් කම් හා නිර්මාණ බොහෝමයි. නවොත්පාදන ආර්ථිකයකට අප පියමං කරන්නේ නම් අනිවාර්යෙන්ම මෙම නැනෝ තාක්ෂණය ප්‍රගුණ කළ යුතුයි.”

 “පසුගිය කාලයේ රජරට වකුගඩු රෝගය ගැනත් නියඟය ගැනත් ලොකු කථා බහක් ඇති වුනා. වැස්සක් දෙකක් ආවාම නියඟය ගැන කතාව යට යනවා. කොහොමත් රජරට ප්‍රදේශ වලට මාර්තු සිට ඔක්තෝම්බර් අතර කාලයේ වැසි වැටෙන්නේ නැහැ. එසේ නම් නියඟය ඇති වුයේ ජලය වැරදි ලෙස කළමනාකරණයෙන්ද, නැතිනම් පරිසර පද්ධතියට මාස කිහිපයක වැසි නොමැතිවීම දරාගැනීමට නොහැකිවීමෙන්ද කියා සොයා බැලිය යුතුයි. කෘෂි රසායන සමාගම් කවර ප්‍රචාර ගෙන ගියත් රජරට වකුගඩු රෝගයට හේතුව නම්, අධික ලෙසත් , ප්‍රමිතියකින් තොර ලෙසත් රසායන ද්‍රව්‍ය යෙදීම නිසා පසත්, ජලයත් ලෙඩ වී ඒවා ආහාරයට ගත් ශාක හා සතුන්ද මිනිසුන්ද ලෙඩ වීම නිසා ඇති වු තත්වයකි.”

 නැනෝ තාක්ෂණ  පිරිසිදු ජලය ඇති කිරිමට හැකි තාක්ෂණික මෙවලමක් බවද විශේෂයෙන් කිව යුතුයි. රසායනික කෘෂිකර්මයත්, තෙල් ගල් අඟුරු දහනයත් නිසා ඇති වී ඇති පාරිසරික ව්‍යවසනය ලංකාවට පමණක් නොව දකුණු ආසියාවටද මුළු මහත් ලෝකයටද බලපාන බරපතල විනාශයක් බව කිවයුතුය. ”
 
“මෑතකදි නිකුත්වු ආසියානු සංවර්ධන බැංකුවේ (ADB )බැංකුවේ දේශගුණික විපර්යාස ඇගයීමේ වාර්තාව අනුව මේ සියවස අවසාන වනවිට ලංකාවේ මධ්‍යන්‍ය උණුසුම සෙල්සියස් අංශක තුනකින් (3) වැඩිවීමට නියමිතය. එය දැනටමත් සෙල්සියස් අංශක 1 – 5 දක්වා අගයකින් වැඩිවී ඇත. මේ උණුසුම වැඩි විමත් සමග නියඟය, ගංවතුර, නාය යෑම්, පස සෝදාපාලුව, මෝසම් වැසි අවුල්වීම, සාගර ජලය ආම්ලිකවීම, සාගර ජලය ගොඩබීම පහත්බිම් වලට ගලාඒම, ජීවින් වඳවීම, ජීවින් ආක්‍රමණික වීම ආදි විවිධ පාරිසරික ව්‍යවසනයන් සිදුවීමට නියමිතය.”

 ආසියානු සංවර්ධන බැංකු වාර්තාවට අනුව ලංකාවේ වී අස්වැන්න 30% කින්    පමණද  ,     තේ අස්වැන්න හෙක්ටයාරයකට කිලෝ 30-80 දක්වා ද
( මුළු අස්වැන්න2- 5%) වාර්ෂිකව අඩුවීමට නියමිතය. මත්ස්‍ය අස්වැන්නද විශාල ලෙස අඩු වනු ඇත. ඩෙංගු වැනි මදුරු රෝග ව්‍යාප්තිය තීව්‍ර වනු ඇත. සාගර ජලය පහත්බීම් වලට ගලාඒම නිසා වෙරළබඩ ජනාවාස හා කුඹුරු ඉඩම් තර්ජනයකට ලක්වේ. උතුර හා උතුරු මැද ශූෂ්ක කලාපීය තත්වයකට පත්වී බස්නාහිර හා ඌව ඇතැම් ප්‍රදේශ වලට වැසි වැඩිවීමටද ඉඩ ඇත.

 ආසියානු සංවර්ධන බැංකු වාර්තාව අනුව ශ්‍රි ලංකාවේ දළ ජාතික නිෂ්පාදනය  2050දී  1.2% කින්ද, 2100දී 6.5% කින්ද අඩුවීමට දේශගුණ විපර්යාස බලපානු ඇති බව අමාත්‍යවරයා අවධාරණය කළේය.

 ශ්‍රි ලංකාව සිය දළ ජාතික නිෂ්පාදනය 0.86%වත් දේශගුණිකවිපර්යාස වලට අනුවර්තනයවීම සදහා වු පර්යේෂණ හා ක්‍රියාමාර්ග වෙතට ආයෝජනය නොකළහොත් මේ ආර්ථික ව්‍යවසනය අනිවාර්යෙන්ම සිදුවීමට ඉඩ ඇත. දකුණු ආසියානු කලාපයටම මේ තත්වය බලපාන අතර, එහි ආර්ථිකය 2100දී 8.8%කින් සංකෝචනය වීමටද ලෝක ආර්ථිකය5 – 20%අතර ප්‍රමාණයකින් අඩුවීමටද දේශගුණික විපර්යාස මුල්වනු ඇත.

 මේ නිසා ජලය , පස , වෙරළ රැකගන්නා තාක්ෂණික වැඩ පිළිවෙලක් නොමැති වුව හොත් රුහිරු හෙලා නිදහස් කරගත් උතුර,  රජරට හා නැගෙනහිර දේශගුණික ත්‍රස්තවාදය විසින් බිලිගනු ඇතැයිද අමාත්‍යවරයා වැඩි දුරටත් අවධාරණය කළේය.

 

Navi Pillai suffering from a sadistic personality disorder * is attempting to convert UN Human Rights Council to a Secret Society like the Ku Klux Klan to lynch Sri Lanka.

August 23rd, 2014

 By Charles.S.Perera

The UN System is an organisation for a collective Member States.  Its actions should therefore be open and transparent as Member States are partners of its activities.  There cannot be hidden and secretive functions assigned to commissions appointed by the UN, its agencies, or organisations. All funds spent on activities undertaken by it are accountable and should be made available for public scrutiny. The UN at the instance of USA prepared   a  UN Transparency and accountability Initiative the purpose of which is described as follows:

The purpose of UNTAI is to improve organizational performance by increasing the transparency and accuracy of information flow; enhancing operational efficiency and effectiveness; bolstering oversight and ethics systems; and strengthening financial management and governance. UNTAI is also a practical effort to establish within the UN Funds and Programs and more broadly throughout the UN system a high standard of transparency and accountability to ensure that the billions in international aid contributions are delivered efficiently and effectively to the world’s neediest peoples.”

This covers all of UN activities where funds are utilised  for project planning, administration and management.   Hence UNHRCouncil being an organ of the UN, is also bound by the necessity of transparency of all its actions.  It cannot hide behind imagined dangers to  the participants of its projects or  investigations.  If such transparency is absent the activities are suspect, and not legally acceptable, as there is  doubt as to the honesty, justice and fair play in  the  planned investigations,  or other activities concerning a Member State or Member States.  

In 2011 UN stepped outside this openness and  transparency of its actions, when the UN Secretary General Ban Ki Moon appointed a panel chaired by Darusman to investigate whether  Sri Lanka’s Armed Forces  had committed violation of human rights and war crimes in the course of the elimination of terrorism. 

The investigation by the panel shrouded in mystery hatched a damning report against Sri Lanka with complete absence of transparency.  The member states were not allowed to know who gave evidence, and whether they were eye witness accounts, and evidence beyond reasonable doubt.  The witnesses were not allowed to be cross examined  and  their names were not given, and even more suspiciously their names have been  requested to be  kept secret for 20 years. 

How could any one trust the honesty of the investigators, and the truth of the findings of the  panel, when  its investigation had been carried out in secrecy ?  The excuse the UN Secretary General Ban Ki Moon gave was that the report of the panel is not an official document of the UN but a report for Secretary General’s personal information.

In 2014 three years after that infamous  report of the Darusman panel, Navi Pillai in her capacity of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights  repeats exactly what Ban Ki Moon did  in 2011, going  a little further appointing  a team of twelve for an International probe into Sri Lanka war against terrorism and to investigate war crimes the Sri Lanka Armed Forces had carried out in the course of the elimination of terrorism, refusing even to divulge the names of the members of the team of twelve appointed for the probe and on condition that the names of witnesses would not be made public for 20 years.

Navi Pillai as the UN Commissioner converted the UN Human Rights Council to a secret society like the Ku Klux Klan, the Catholic Inquisition or like the FBI calling for Secret Service Operatives to conduct investigations.  It is a dangerous turning point of UN activities  which are not for the welfare of the Member States but to accuse the Member States for irregularities or worse still crimes, in complete secrecy. UN as it turns out to be lacks only a hangman , scaffolding and a hangman’s noose.  UN was in fact completely powerless when Sadam Husain was hanged, and Colonel Gaddafi was tortured and killed.

Navi Pillai grew as a Black Tamil  without any rights as a human being under the apartheid government of South Africa where the laws enforced by the Apartheid government which  completely disregarded human rights  by denying non-whites a good education, rights to vote and the right to own land.  Though she managed to wriggle through difficulties to find an education through the collective effort of her community, many blacks remained “primitive”. Navi Pillai had never been able to clear her mind of the terrible suffering she went through in South Africa under an apartheid regime.

This is one and only reason why Navi Pillai a Tamil from South Africa is determined to take revenge from the Government of Sri Lanka and its Armed Forces for eliminating the Tamil terrorists. She cannot help comparing the Government of Sri Lanka  where the majority is Sinhala  to her apartheid white South Africa, and the Tamils in Sri Lanka to her Tamil Community in South Africa. She therefore adopted the Sri Lanka Tamil terrorists as her distant family seeking freedom from the apartheid Regime of Sri Lanka.

This was a reason why Navi Pillai with her biased mind should never have been appointed as the UN Commissioner of Human Rights.

The International Probe Navi Pillai has commissioned  to investigate into Sri Lanka is her personal  effort to do justice to the Sri Lanka Tamil terrorists- her heroic freedom fighters  who were seeking emancipation from the  Sri Lanka government which for her  is not different from the apartheid South African regime under which she grew up.  She must be taking immense pleasure in the dilemma into which the Government of Sri Lanka has been put into with the appointment of an unnamed  team for a probe without the right for  the Government as the  accused party to cross examine the witnesses.

This is a symptom of a person suffering from  a sadistic personality disorder *.  It is defined as follows: “The Sadistic Personality disorder is characterized by a pattern of gratuitous cruelty, aggression, and demeaning behaviors which indicate the existence of deep-seated contempt for other people and an utter lack of empathy. Some sadists are “utilitarian”: they leverage their explosive violence to establish a position of unchallenged dominance within a relationship. Unlike psychopaths, they rarely use physical force in the commission of crimes. Rather, their aggressiveness is embedded in an interpersonal context and is expressed in social settings, such as the family or the workplace.”

Isn’t UN going too far with its secretive investigations ?  For all we know it could be an exercise in creative fiction writing with the end object of  accusing Member States for  imagined or false crimes.  Can any Member State with the least respect it commands from its people,  accept such an investigation as legal and well founded ?

How can Navi Pillai the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights, expect any respect from any UN Member State if her actions  are contrary to UN transparency and accountability Initiative, unless of course if such Member States are complicit to her questionable activities in the capacity of the UN Commissioner for Human Rights ?

Could USA who mooted this initiative for transparency and accountability accept Navi Pillai’s high handed International Probe into Sri Lanka ?  Who are the members of the Navi Pillai’s probe , how much are they paid  ? Where does the money for these payments come from ? These are relevant information that should be  made available to  all the Member States of the UN.  They have a right to know, unless UN is acting as a Secret Society with the consent of a few Member States.

If such information is not made known the Investigation has no legal right, and should be abandoned without vilifying Sri Lanka an honourable Member State of the UN, which suffered under terrorism  for thirty long years and finally eliminated it making a  great sacrifice of life and material, to bring peace and hope to its people.

However, it appears from constant accusations, blame and investigations against the Government of Sri Lanka ever since it eliminated terrorism from its soil,  that  elimination of terrorism itself was a violation of human rights…. only as far as it concerns Sri Lanka and its Armed Forces.

Another strange coincidence was that  Navi Pillai who was invited by the Government of Sri Lanka, went to the North of Sri Lanka and met the Tamil people of Sri Lanka  probably as she thought she has a kinship to Sri Lanka Tamils, but never showed any interest in meeting the people of the South, who also suffered from terrorism.  But as the UN High Commission for Human Rights it was her duty  to have met both communities before she comes to conclusions.  This shows her lack of objective investigation. It also makes it obvious that what ever report she was going to make had already been settled in her mind  even before she came to Sri Lanka (she decided to come to Sri Lanka long after she was  invited).

This makes it  all the more clear  in her response when the Government of Sri Lanka announced that it will not allow any International Investigators to enter the country to collect evidence.  Navi Pillai said , “ there is a wealth of information outside of Sri Lanka  which can be tapped into.”

She had added that “The credibility of the report will depend on it reflecting proper standards of corroboration of evidence, whether the team is allowed into the country or not.” 

But for the report of the probe  to be credible the investigations should be conducted openly, legally, and  with transparency, which is not the case with regard to this probe of Navi Pillai, where she has refused to even name the members of the team, not allowed the witnesses to be cross examined by the “ accused party to the investigation.”

The unnamed team may not be objective investigators.  They may have been  selected from amoung those who agree with Navi Pillai, and persons who are anti Sri Lanka government and sympathetic towards terrorists.

When Navi Pillai says that the team need not come to Sri Lanka as there is a wealth of information outside, it becomes apparent what the final report is going to be. Navi Pillai has perhaps already prepared the draft report and handed it over to the team members before she relinquishes her services as the UN High Commissioner for human Rights on the 31st of this month.

We should therefore appeal to the  delegates of the Member States who will be present at  the next Session of the Human Rights Council to see without prejudice the high handed, and  biased manner in which  Navi Pillai the UNHRC has acted against  Sri Lanka from the very beginning of her term of office.  The report that will be presented to the Sessions of the UNHRC is a preconceived report for which an unnamed unknown team had been appointed at her personal behest to give credit to her report which accuses the Sri Lanka Government and its armed forces for violation of Human Rights and war crimes.

The Delegates of the Member States to the next Session of the UNHRC in Geneva, should know that the report that will be presented to them has no legal value  and should therefore be rejected,  as it was prepared by a  team appointed by  Navi Pillai  abusing her power vested in her as the  UN High Commissioner of Human Rights,  to investigate war crimes of the Sri Lanka Armed Forces without identifying the members of her probe team by name, collecting  evidence from unknown  sources, without  giving the Sri Lanka government the legal right to cross examine the witnesses, and on the condition  that the names of the witnesses are to be kept secret for 20 years.

The appointment of an  unnamed , unknown team to collect evidence from unknown sources without allowing the names of the witnesses known before 20 years is a travesty of justice. 

Navi Pillai also says , “Hardly anyone, apart from the Syrian and Democratic People’s Republic of Korea governments, are questioning the credibility of these two inquiries, so I don’t see why it should be any different in the case of Sri Lanka.”

How can Navi Pillai draw parallel to Syria and North Korea to justify a probe by her unnamed team collecting evidence from unknown sources to investigate violation of human rights and war crimes by the Armed Forces of Sri Lanka for the elimination of a ruthless group of terrorists ? It is beyond comparison, she aught to be completely out of her mind to compare situations  which are poles apart.

Navi Pillay has also  said that, “  it was important to understand that the investigation was set up for the benefit of all Sri Lankans, as an avenue to achieve lasting peace and reconciliation.  It is in this context that the Human Rights Council-mandated investigation should be viewed, rather than being seen as a confrontation.”

Sri Lanka has finished with terrorism and is looking forward to unite the Communities and benefit from the long awaited peace and go forward to develop the country to make the people live in content and happiness.  But Navi Pillai with her biased mind cannot understand that these International Probes will be an obstacle for the reconciliation of Communities, opening old wounds to separate communities further away rather than unite them.

Navi Pillai has however named three advicers to her “unnamed” teamas experts:  Nobel Laureate Martti Ahtisaari, international judge Dame Silvia Cartwright of New Zealand, and Ms Asma Jahangir, former President of Pakistan’s Supreme Court Bar Association with  senior human rights official Ms. Sandra Beidas to  coordinate the team.

The unnamed  team members, as well as the above named experts may be financially well compensated from funds  collected from unnamed donors.  It will not be surprising if the pro –terrorist Tamil diaspora  has also contributed a large sum from their reserves of blood money collected  to assist the terrorism in Sri Lanka.

If these experts are aware of their value to the society, and honour their achievements in the respective fields,  should resign from the positions of experts assigned to them, as Navi Pillai has appointed them only to give some sort of credit to the report that will be prepared by her “unnamed”, “unknown” team to hand Sri Lanka.

But unfortunately these experts and coordinator Sandra Beidas selected by Navi Pillai have their own skeletons in their cupboards.

OHCHR INVESTIGATION ON SRI LANKA (OISL). –WHAT WE, PATRIOTS, CAN DO

August 23rd, 2014

Chanaka Bandarage, Lawyer

Establishment of OISL – first step towards creating the Eelam?

As pointed out by us in previous articles, the final objective of the West, who are heavily indoctrinated with false accusations against Sri Lanka by the most powerful Tamil Diaspora and their allies, wishes to split Sri Lanka into two and create a Tamil Eelam in the North and East. The establishment of OISL can be seen as a further step towards that direction. OISL in its report may falsely say that Sri Lanka is not safe for Tamils, the Sri Lankan Government continues to violate human rights of the Tamils; in order to alleviate Tamil discrimination, the only solution available is to create a separate state for Tamils (and Muslims) in the North East of Sri Lanka, after a referendum is conducted in those two provinces.

Per OHRC Resolution, A/HRC/25/1, OHCHR appointed three experts to hold the investigation against Sri Lanka: They consist of Mr. Martti Ahtisaari (President – Finland), Ms. Silvia Cartwright (New Zealand) and Ms. Asma Jahangir (Pakistan). They are required to provide a comprehensive written report on the outcome of the investigation to the HRC in March 2015. The credentials of some of the panel members have been questioned by patriotic groups. They have raised alarm that the panel members, handpicked by Ms Navi Pillai, are be biased against Sri Lanka. For example, Mr Ahtisaari (President of Finland from 1994 to 2000) is criticised as a leading figure who worked to create Kosovo. Through OISL, one wonders whether or not he will try to create a 2nd Kosovo in Sri Lanka. It is alleged that Ms Cartwright was criticised by the Cambodian Government in regards to her handling of the war crimes enquiry in that country.

Some say another motive of the West in establishing OISL is to put pressure on the Sri Lankan Government to hold a South Sudan style referendum to create the Tamil Eelam in Northern and Eastern Sri Lanka.

OHRC pathway to take Sri Lankans to the Hague

After receiving written submissions, OISL will promptly conduct enquiries. At the moment, it is likely that only adversaries of Sri Lanka will adduce evidence before OISL. This is not good. The writer believes that Channel 4, Gordon Weiss, Mr Darusman and his team, Stephen Rapp (he allegedly collected evidence in Mulatiwu during his visit to Sri Lanka), Eric Solheim, Tamil Diaspora, TNA, Northern and Eastern Tamils (people like Ms Anandi Sasitharan, Messrs Rayapppu Joseph, Sambandhan, Sumanthiran and hundreds or possibly thousands of other Tamils), many other enemies of Sri Lanka, will adduce evidence before the Commission. True, most of the evidence against Sri Lanka will be dubious, due to nil participation of Sri Lanka at the investigation and veracity of the evidence against Sri Lanka being very high, it is likely that OISL will make a recommendation that criminal proceedings should be initiated against certain Sri Lankan Government (and LTTE) military leaders and soldiers in the International Criminal Court (ICC) in the Hague, for alleged War Crimes atrocities (OSIL will name the alleged perpetrators – largely Sri Lanka’s Ranaviruwos). Needless to say it will be a real blow to Sri Lanka, the end result could be the incarceration of patriotic Sri Lankans in a jail in the Hague or another country, most likely for crimes that they never committed.

UN Security Council

The referral of Sri Lankan nationals to the ICC must be determined by the UN Security Council. The only consolation for Sri Lanka is that it has two strong allies, China and Russia who may use their veto power in favour of Sri Lanka. But, we must not forget that when the UN Security Council approved the referral of Mr Omar Al Bashir of Sudan to the ICC in the Hague (ICC-02/05-01/09; the Prosecutor v. Omar Hassan Ahmad Al Bashir), his best friends, China and Russia abstained from voting – they did not veto against the proposal. After he was indicted by the ICC, Mr Al Bashir agreed to hold a referendum to determine whether or not Sudan should be divided into two. South Sudanese voted overwhelmingly at the Referendum in favour of the creation of new ‘South Sudan’. Furthermore, the President and the Vice President of Kenya are currently facing charges in the ICC for alleged crimes committed during and after the 2007 Kenyan Presidential election – the Prosecutor v. Uhuru Muigai Kenyatta ((ICC-01/09-02/11).

Like in Kenya and Sudan (and also in Libya) situations, it is possible for China and Russia to abstain at a crucial Security Council voting against Sri Lanka, resulting the referral of Sri Lankan political and military leaders to the ICC.

If our leaders and military commanders are referred to the ICC in the Hague to face war crimes charges, in ICC, quick indictments will be issued against them and warrants will be issued for their arrest if they do not turn up for court proceedings in the Hague. This is how the ICC acted in relation to Sudan, Kenya and former political and military leaders of former Yugoslavia, Serbia and Bosnia Herzegovina.

In regards to the former Sierra Leon leader, Charles Taylor, the ICC imposed a 50 year custodial sentence upon him.

Written and other Submissions to OISL

OISL has called for individuals, organisations and governments to provide written submissions about serious violations and abuses of human rights and related crimes in Sri Lanka,allegedly committed by the Sri Lankan Government, LTTE or other parties to the conflict during the period of 21 February 2002 to 15 November 2011. Such submissions are required to be made by midnight, Geneva time, on 30 October 2014.

The Sri Lankan Government has made a policy decision not to become involved in OISL proceedings. Sri Lanka has announced that it will not allow OISL to conduct investigations within Sri Lanka.

Given the history of creating the OISL by HRC, bias that has shown towards Sri Lanka by the OHCHR, the decision by the Sri Lankan Government is understandable.

It is not the intention of this article to analyse whether the decision taken by the Sri Lankan government is correct or not.

One big drawback in the Government’s decision of not becoming a party to the OSIL proceedings is that it will miss the opportunity to cross examine witnesses who will give evidence against Sri Lanka. This is crucial because most of the evidnce that will be adduced against Sri Lanka would be dubious, suspicious and fraudulent.

We, patriots, are allowed to adduce evidence in OISL, but since we are not a party to the proceedings, we will not be able to cross examine witnesses. Only the Government is able to do this or individuals who are specifically accused of serious human rights violations.

This article stresses that though Sri Lankan Government will have no involvement with OISL, we patriots, need not necessarily follow the same pathway. If we also boycott the OISL proceedings, that will not assist Sri Lanka, but the enemies of Sri Lanka.

As stated before, many pro-separatist groups will make written submissions to OISL against Sri Lanka. Likewise, we, patriots, must also make strong written submissions to OISL in support of Sri Lanka. We should stress the human rights violations perpetrated against Sri Lanka and her people by the LTTE, Tamil political parties, Tamil Diaspora, NGOs (local and international), foreign governments and others. Our written submissions should emphasis the good works done by Sri Lanka to curb Tamil Terrorism, settle Tamil IDPs, massive infrastructure and social development projects in the North and East started since ending the war etc. We must also seek permission from OISL to adduce verbal evidence in support of Sri Lanka. In this regard, we must start preparing witnesses who will give genuine, authentic evidence. They include civilians who were affected by the LTTE terror and those who were rescued from the LTTE by the Government (both Sinhalese and Tamil) soldiers and military officers who were involved in wars, humanitarian operations during the investigation period (2002 to 2011) and friends of Sri Lanka living in various countries, especially in the West, who can provide expert reports on Sri Lanka.

Sri Lanka Support Group (SLSG), of which writer is the President, after very careful consideration, has taken a decision to provide a detailed written submission to the OISL. We will follow that up with verbal submissions/evidence, if leave is granted to adduce them.

Why have SLSG taken this decision?

Given the extreme bias that OHCHR has shown against Sri Lanka, we believe that based on the OISL report, it is likely that OHCHR, in March 2015 will pass another Resolution stating that our leaders (military and political) must be referred to the International Criminal Court (ICC) in the Hague for alleged War Crimes atrocities (as stated before, OSIL will specifically name them). We believe we should not merely hand the victory to our enemies on a platter – we must tell the real truth to the world – that Sri Lanka did not deliberately or recklessly commit war crimes (eg.as alleged, it did not kill up to 40,00 Tamil civilians during the last stages of the war). We should say that any isolated incidents that occurred (human rights violations), the Government has already taken action or will take action against errand soldiers/officials.

 

If we continue to maintain silence (like in the past), the enemy will continue to take the upper hand. They will win not on merit, but due to our default.

Some of the facts that we must tell the whole world including OISL:

1.War Crimes atrocities

  • There is expert technical analysis to prove that some Channel 4 videos are unauthentic. Sri Lanka Support Group has identified 38 blatant errors/untruth in the ‘Sri Lanka Killing Fields’ video, it now states there are more. The 1st Channel 4 video alleged that the Sri Lankan Army shot dead a number of Tamil Tigers extra-judicially, in pointblank range – this is a totally fabricated allegation. It is now proven that that video was prepared by the LTTE in Tamil language much earlier than end of the war in May 2009. Channel 4 concealed this from its viewers. The 3rd and 4th videos are also full of inaccuracies. The Channel 4 videos contain number of sub-videos that have been highly edited, thus are extremely dubious. Channel 4 stated that the original videos provided to them were proper records of the battlefront and the videos were taken using mobile phones. Expert technical analysis very well show that some of the videos have been made using sophisticated video cameras that have zoom lenses. Everyone knows that mobile phone cameras do not have zoom lenses. It is highly believed that some scenes of the ‘Sri Lanka Killing Fields’ (the 2nd and the most controversial video) had been shot in Thamilnadu using Tamil actors. Sri Lanka Support Group is in possession of evidence against Channel 4 and they are many.
  • During the war Mr Gordon Weiss (the then UN Spokesman in Colombo) stated that up to 7,000 people were killed (this was also a high number and the Sri Lankan Government denied this high number). Mr Weiss waited for 9 months after the end of the war to state that the actual number of deaths may be 40,000. He wanted to sell his book. The London Times also picked up the 7, 000 figure and later published a big headline story that Sri Lanka killed 40,000 innocent Tamils. The news travelled like wildfire. Channel 4 later produced a number of dubious videos.
  • Mr Darusman went ahead and wrote the report based on such hearsay evidence (inadmissible evidence).
  • The TNA MP, Mr Sumanthirian stated about 15 months ago that the Sri Lankan Army killed 75,000 Tamils!
  • According to Stephen Rapp thousands of Tamils were massacred in St Anthony’s Park in Padumathalan. He made this ‘finding’ solely on the basis of hearsay evidence, when no investigation into such a massacre had been conducted by anyone including Mr Rapp himself. This is the first time that such an allegation had been made against Sri Lanka (the alleged St Anthony’s Park massacre)..
  • It is estimated that since end of the war at least 10,000 Tamils migrated to Australia illegally in boats. Many thousands of Tamils fled to other European countries like Italy, the UK, US etc. Without disclosing these facts Channel 4 and the Tamil separatists say that since end of the war thousands of Tamils have disappeared in Sri Lanka. Those people who migrated in boats illegally have been included in the lists of missing Tamils of Sri Lanka.
  • If Sri Lanka killed so many innocent Tamils during last stages of the war (intentionally or recklessly), would India, or for that matter Thamilnadu (located only 30 km away from the war zone), maintained a silence at that time?
  • That time, India offered full support for the war. India knew how the war was conducted. If Tamil civilians were massacred, it would not have supported Sri Lanka
  • If 40,000 Tamil civilians were killed in such a small area of land (the no fire zone was less than 3 sq. km), where were the dead bodies buried, what are the names of the dead 40,000 people, who are their relatives, why cannot the TNA/Tamil Diaspora., ordinary Tamils in the North give the list of the victims’ names to the Government?
  • People like Messrs Weiss, Sumanthirian etc who come up with fanciful allegations against Sri Lanka also agree that Tamil civilians were killed by the LTTE weapons and thousands of Tamil terrorists were legitimately killed by the Sri Lankan Army. They should be included in the dead Tamil numbers (during last stages of the war, the Tamil Tigers deliberately killed Tamils who were fleeing the no fire zone. Even Mr Weiss agreed in his book that the LTTE were holding heavy armory inside the no-fire zone and they fired at the civilians who fled it. The number of civilians died from LTTE gunfire amounts to few hundred, not thousands. Then, in the last stages of the war about 12,000 Tamil Tigers were killed by the Sri Lankan Army and about 5,000 Army soldiers also died. So there were ‘legitimate’ combative killings happened in the war areas. But, even these killings did not reach the very high 40,000 mark as alleged by the country’s adversaries).
  • To save civilians, Sri Lankan Army did not fire at the no-fire zone, thus, large numbers of Sri Lankan soldiers got killed as a result of the Tamil Tiger gun/artillery fire. This shows the waging of a ‘just war’ by Sri Lanka (it was called a humanitarian operation than a war). Mr Weiss, Channel 4, The London Times, Mr Sumanthirian or other enemies of Sri Lanka would not admit this truth. This is because then they cannot a create a bad impression about Sri Lanka worldwide.
  • The world famous cricketer Mr Muraltharan,. a Tamil, clearly stated that the British Prime Minister, Mr Cameron was misled by the Tamil Diaspora and Channel 4 about Sri Lanka.

 11. Eradication of the three decades of Tamil Tiger terrorism

  • In Sri Lanka, for over 30 years, the Tamil Tigers bombed, killed and maimed people and committed other horrendous crimes. During the period of Tamil terrorism, Sri Lankans hardly had a day of peace, having to suffer terrible carnage at the hands of Tamil Tigers. Hundreds and thousands of innocent Sri Lankans died due to Tamil Tiger terror and many thousands were maimed. Husbands and wives did not travel together in the same train compartment (they travelled in separate compartments) due to the fear that the train may be bombed (a recurring occurrence at the time). They knew at least one of them should live to provide for the children.
  • In 2009, the Tamil Tigers were successfully defeated by the Sri Lankan security forces, with overwhelming support from the peace loving citizens of all communities of Sri Lanka.
  • It is indeed an achievement without any parallel where 21 million of Sri Lankans were liberated from the Tamil Tiger terror. The Tamil Tigers held the country to ransom for many years. The whole world witnessed on electronic media how nearly 300,000 Tamils ran towards the Sri Lankan forces seeking shelter and protection; after freeing themselves from the LTTE.
  • The US Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) in their publication dated 10 January 2008, under the title “Taming the Tamil Tigers’ identified Tamil Tigers as the most dangerous and deadliest extremists among all of the terrorist groups in the world. The Tamil Tigers invented the suicide belt, used women in suicide attacks and extensively used child soldiers. All the LTTE cadres wore a cyanide capsule around their neck. The LTTE launched many civilian suicide attacks – frequent bombings in Colombo and other major cities, attacked Sinhalese villages in the North and the East where they raped women and killed infants. They assassinated politicians (including scores of Tamils, Government ministers, a Sri Lankan President and the then Indian Prime Minister). They also committed other forms of crimes. such as, armed robberies, human trafficking, drug peddling and money laundering.
  • The Tamil Tigers had fund raising organisations established throughout the world, especially in the West. Although the US, UK, EU, Canada, India, Malaysia and several other countries proscribed the Tigers (Australia made a limited listing of them under the Charter of the United Nations Act), it is well known that displaced LTTE members, Tamil separatists and their sympathisers, continued with fund raising, and used those funds to buy arms/ammunitions and war equipment to continue with its brutal war against Sri Lanka.
  • Now after the war, expatriate Tamil separatists, Tamil separatist sympathisers and their cohorts have started another war (by pen) – to exert pressure on politicians and intellectuals in their respective domiciled countries to garner support to achieve their final goal of carving out a separate, racist state exclusively for the Tamils in the North and East of Sri Lanka, the ‘Tamil Eelam’. It is estimated Tamils constitute less than 14%, of Sri Lanka’s total population, but they claim more than 1/3 of Sri Lanka’s landmass and ¾ of the coastal area. In Sri Lanka, majority of the Tamils live outside of the claimed area – it is believed that in Greater Colombo, at least 40% of the population is Tamil.
  1. Progress made in Human Rights/Reconciliation
  • Soon after the conclusion of terrorism in May 2009, the Sri Lankan government appointed the LLRC and the Government did all it could do to implement its recommendations (the National Plan of Action). The areas of action taken by the Government, apart from the massive infrastructure development (over US$ 3 billion worth of projects in the North alone), included resettlement of people, providing compensation/relief to people and implementing policies of reconciliation.
  • A key progress was achieved via restoration of the democratic rights of the people by conducting elections in the areas affected by the war (North and the East), appointment of a Commission of Enquiry into the alleged disappearances (in co-operation with the ICRC) and conduct of a Census on deaths/injuries to civilians and property damages due to the war. The status as at December 2013 of the Government’s progressive actions in the North in brief are as follows (the statistics provided hereunder are authentic and can be substantiated):
  • Tracing of missing/disappeared persons: – A survey on the tracing of missing/disappeared persons, especially those who were forcibly abducted by the LTTE, was completed with the corporation of the Family Tracing and Reunification (FTR) Unit of the UNICEF.
  • The President, appointed a Commission to investigate cases of missing persons in the Northern and Eastern Provinces, particularly those who allegedly went missing during and after the war. The Commission has been given the authority to conduct inquires and investigations as necessary, and submit a report to the President. The President stressed the necessity to identify the persons responsible in cases where abductions or disappearances were found to have taken place and to take legal action where necessary.
  • It is noted that a well over 100,000 Tamil citizens left Sri Lanka between 2007-2013, seeking refugee status in Canada, Europe, Australia, India and some using illegal means (boat people). It has been reported that these people have also been included in the ‘missing persons’ lists by those who have prepared such lists. It is estimated that about 10,000 Tamils travelled to Australia alone in boats in the past 6 years.
  • Rehabilitation of the Ex-LTTE cadres – out of the total of about 12,000 ex-LTTE cadres surrendered/captured, 97% have already been rehabilitated and released to the society. A further 2% is currently under rehabilitation. This gesture on the part of the Government shows that the Government is keen on rehabilitation rather than retribution. This also rebuts the accusation that the Government deliberately killed Tamil civilians; if wanted, it could have easily killed those captured LTTE cadres.
  • Resettlement of IDPs: – Out of the total of 224,432 Tamil families who were residing in temporary accommodation 96.9% have already been resettled. There are 22,134 Muslims registered for resettlement in the Northern Province and are in the process of being resettled. Out of the 100,000 Sinhalese displaced from the Northern province since early 1980s, about 90% are still living in areas outside of the Northern Province.
  • Re-establishing of democracy: – Presidential, Parliamentary, Local Government and Provincial Council elections were held since the eradication of terrorism. A Tamil political party (TNA) won the election and are currently governing the Northern province.
  • Land released by Security Forces and the reduction of troops: – out of the 34.561 acres of private lands occupied by the security forces, 78% has already been released. The army battalions have been reduced from 152 to 104 since May 2009. These numbers continue to come down.
  • Demining – According to the data available up to September 2013, only 4.2% of land is yet to be cleared.
  • LLRC – some of the recommendations of the LLRC require an evolving/progressive consensus among the ethnic, religious, regional and political diversity of the nation, the Government has commenced grassroot level activities to achieve these.

Let’s respect the Government’s decision to not become involved in the OISL investigation; that does not mean, we patriots, should also follow the same pathway. We believe it will be in the best interests of the country to present true facts to OISL, thereby the whole world. No doubt OISL will make adverse recommendations about Sri Lanka, but, it is worth losing the battle after giving it a fight. Surrendering to the enemy without putting up any resistance.is not the Sri Lankan way of life.

අපි කුමක් කල යුතුද —විස්තර

August 23rd, 2014

ධර්මසිරි සෙනෙවිරත්න

1883 දී  ලංකාව පළාත් 5 කට  සුද්දා විසින් බෙදුවේ  ඔවොන්ගේ පහසුව සැලසෙන පරිදි මිස රටට ගැලපෙනසේ නොවේ.===”’උඩරට රාජධානියේ සමගිය හා බලයද සම්බන්ධතා හා චාරිත්‍ර වාරිත්‍රද  කඩා බිඳ දැමීමේ අවශ්‍යතාව  නිසා රාජධානිය පරිපාලන කොටස් වලට කදීය යුතුය.”””1845දී  ටොරින්ටන් ආණ්ඩුකාරයා විසින් බ්‍රිතා න්න්ය නියෝජිත මණ්ඩලයට ඉදිරිපත් කල  අංක 568xx v 1 සැසි පත්‍රිකාව —
අපට තිබුනේ රුහුණු   මායා පිහිටි  යන ත්‍රී සින්හළේය. නැවත පළාත් බෙදීමේදී මද්දුම බණ්ඩාර  සහ වෙනත් අය විසින් පෙන්වාදී ඇති  ක්‍රම ගැන අවධානය යොමුකර නැවත  සුලුවාර්ගිකයන්ට  රට බෙදීමට හෝ” නිජබිම්” ගැන කතා කල නොහැකිවනසේ එය කල යුතුය. සුද්දා ගේ බෙදීම්  තවදුරටත් තබා ගැනීම නින්දා සහගතය. මෙය කල යුතුවුයේ  1948 දීමයබද්දට දුන් වත්තක්  බදු කාලය අවසානයේ ආපසු ගන්නා  ඉඩම් හිමියා වහාම කලයුත්තේ  නැවත සීමා තහවුරු කර වට කඩොලු  බැ දීමය්  එහෙත් එය කළු සුද්දන්ගෙන් ඉටුවුයේ නැත.. සාමාන්‍ය වැසියාට මේවා තේරුම් කර දීම  ජාතික සංවිධානය කල යුතුය.
                                                                                      උඩරට විවාහ  නීතිය වැනි දේ  කොටසකට  විශේෂ වූ නීති නොවේ  එය සිංහලේ  නීතියය්.  පහතරට  විදේශීන්ට යටත් වූ පසුව  උඩරට පහතරට බෙධයත්  ඇතිකර  පහත රටට විශේෂ නීති සැකසූහ. උඩරට නීතියේ ඇති කැමැත්තෙන් වෙන්වීමේ නිදහස හා පහසු ක්‍රමය  බොහෝ රටවල් වල ආරම්භ වන්නේ දැ න් ය.. ඔවුන්ට එවැනි ප්‍රගතිශීලී  අදහස් එදා තිබුනේ නැත . 1767  දී ෆැල් ක්  නම් ලන්දේසි ආණ්ඩු කාරය  ප්‍රශ්න හැ ටගනනකින් සමන්විත ප්‍රශ්නමාලාවකින් රටේ නීති ගැන මහනායක හිමියන්ගෙන්  කරුණු මිවසා සිටියේය.. මේ ප්‍රශ්න හා පිළිතුරු   වලින් හෙළිවන තොරතුරු එලියට  දීමට අපේ ඉතිහාසඥයන් කටයුතු නොකෙළේ සුද්දා ගේ නීති වලට ඔවුන්ගේ ඇති ලැදිකම නිසාය. ගරු පූජ්‍ය  එල්ලාවල මේධානන්ද හිමියන්ට පින්සිදුවෙන්නට  දැන් බොහෝදෙ හෙළිවී ඇත.
                                                                       තෙසවලමය්   සිරිත්  එකතුකලේ ලන්දෙසින්ය  එය  මගින් දෙමළුන්ට විශේෂ වරප්‍රසාද   දුන්නේ ඉන්ග්රීසින්ය. තමන් යාපනයෙක් යය ඔප්පු කල හොත්  ඔහු යාපනයේ හැමදාම පදිංචි නැතත් ඔහු සතු ඕනෑම ප්‍රදේශයක වස්තුව තෙසවලමි නීතියට අයත් බව  ශිවඥාන ලිංගම් එදිරිව සුන්දරලිංගම් නඩුවේදී  තීරණය විය. මෙවැනි විශේෂ නීති  නොතිබිය යුතුය. කාටත් පොදු එක නීතියක් රටට  අවශ්ශ්‍යය   felix   බණ්ඩාරනායක  තෙසවලමි අහෝසි කිරීමට උත්සාහ කලත්   බලපෑම් නිසා පසු බැස්සේය  අනෙක් කිසිවෙකු උත්සාහයක් වත් ගත්තේ නැත.. සිංහල චන්දෙන් පත්වෙන සිංහල පාලකයෝ කෙතරම් දීනද සිංහලය ට තම භාෂාව රජබස කිරීමටත් මහා සටනක් කිරීමට  සිදු වුනේ  සුළු ජාතීන්ට බය ද්‍රෝහී දේශපාලකයන් නිසාය  වර්ග 100ක් රටේ හිටියොත් නීති 100ක්  හදිය යුතුද. මුස්ලිම් ආගමික විවාහ නීතිය  බහු භාර්යා සේවනයය්  කිසිදු ශිෂ්ට රටක් මෙය පිළිගන්නේ නැත. විවාහය පුද්ගලික එකකි එයට ඇ ගිලිගසන්නට  පූජකයන්ට  ඉඩ නොදිය යුතුය. අශිෂ්ට රටකට ගොස් උන් ඕනා දෙයක් කරගත්තාවේ  ප්‍රසිද්ධ නළුවෙක්ද  කුරුණෑගල  නගරාධිපතියෙක්ද  වත්මන් චන්ඩි  නියෝජ්‍ය අමතියෙක්ද මේ මුස්ලිම් නීතියෙන් ප්‍රයෝජන ගත බව ප්‍රසිද්ධය.
     සිංහලයෝ කඳුකරය රැකගෙන  ඉන් ජලය ගෙන  ගංගා වලින්  ඈතට ගෙන ගොස්  වැව් වලට පුරවා  ගොවිතැන් කල හැටි ඉතිහාසයේ ලියවී ඇත . ඉතිහාසය නොදත් හා  නොසලකූ ද ඉන් පාඩම් ඉගෙන නොගත් කළු සුද්දෝ  කඳුකරයයේ මහාජලාශ ඉදිකිරීම නිසා දැන් කඳුකරය ගිලාබසී   මහාචාර්ය විතානගේ වැනි දේශප්‍රේමීහු  මින් සිදුවෙන විනාශය පෙන්වාදුන්නද  කළු සුද්දෝ ඒ උපදෙස් ගණන් ගත්තේ නැත  බටහිර අද්‍යාපනය ලත්  ඉංජිනේරුවෝ පැරණි දේ නොදත්හ කනස්සලෙන් සිටි විතානගේ දළදා මාලිගාවට බෝම්බ ගැසීම ගැන අසා  කම්පනයට පත්වී මිය ගියේය. වී ගොඩක යටින් වීටිකක් ගත විට උඩින්  වී පහතට කඩා හැ ලෙන බව සාමාන්‍ය මිනිහාත් දනී. රටේ දේශ ගුණය  හට සරිලන ජීවන ක්‍රමයක්  මෙතෙක් තිබුනේ කෙසේදය්  ඉතිහාසය කියාදෙය් අපේ හතුරෝ කවුදය් එය කියාදෙය්   රනිල්  වික්රමසින්හ  පෘතුගීසි කාරයට මෙරටට ඇවිත් උන්ගේ ආක්‍රමණයේ 500 වසර සමරන ලෙස ඉල්ලූ විට   එයට විරුධ්ධවුයේ ඉතිහාසය දත් සුලුපිරිස ක් හෝ සිටි නිසය්.ඉතිහාසය එපා කියන්නේ  රනිල්ලාට මේ වැඩ පහසු වීමටය. ප්‍රේමදාස උඩුගම  අද්යාපන ලොක්කෙකු වූ සමයේ හැම අංශයකම සිසුන්ට අපේ උරුමය  විෂය අනිවාර්ය කළේය. නැවත එය කල යුතුය. සිංහල බෞද්ධයෙක් ඇමති නොවුවහොත් මෙය සිදුවන්නේ නැත. ඉතිහාසය නවත්වුයේ බදුද්දීන්ය.
                                              අනිවාර්යයෙන්ම සිංහලේ නමින් මේ රටේ නම වෙනස් කල යුත්තේ තවමත් 75% ක් සිටින සිංහලයන්ගේ ආත්ම ගරුත්වය ආරක්ෂා කරනු පිණිසය . සුද්ද අපෙන් ගත්තෙත් සිංහලේ ය  ආපසු දුන්නෙත්  සින්හළේය. ගිවිසුම්වල ඒ බව සඳහන්ය කුරුනෑගල පැවති .එ ජා ප සම්මේලනයකදී  ලලිත් ඇතුලත් මුදලි   විසි න්  රටේ සියලු දෙන  ශ්‍රී ලාංකික යනුවෙන් හැඳින්විය යුතුයය් යෝජනා කලවිට ඊට විරුධ්ධ්වූ  ගාමිණී දිසානායක කීවේ  ”’මම න මැරෙන්නෙත්  මම සිංහල  ක් යනුවෙන් තුන් පාරක්වත් කියලය් ”’ කී බව වාර්තා වී ඇත.  ලලිත්  ox  ford   හෙවත්    ”ගොන් තැ රියේ”  උගතෙකි”’ මම සිංහලයෙක්  ආවේ ලංකාවෙන්  ”’කීවිට පිට අ  ය හිතන්නේ අපි ලංකාවේ  සුළු පිරිස බවය් . මේ තරම් පැහැදිලි ඉතිහාසයක් ඇති වෙන රටක් නැ තය්  ගෛගර් ල කියූ  රටක් මෙසේ විය යුතුද  මහින්දට අපි බල කර මෙය වහා කල යුතුය  සෝභිත හාමුදුරුවෝ  මේවා නොකර දැන් මේ නටන නෙය්යා ඩ ම කුමක්ද. මහා බලති ජනපති නොහිටියේ නම් තම බය්යා  තම පොතට ගන්නේ හාමුරුවන්ගේ පින්  තුරයක්  නොවේ ,.  ඇත්තම මුහුණය—.  බෙල්ලත් එක්කම කපා ගෙනය.  මේ සියලු දෙයම  මහින්දගෙන් කරගැනීමට අවසන් උත්සාහයක්  නොදරා    අපි රැකදුන් මහින්ද දන්ගෙඩියට යවන්නට හදන්නේ ඇ ය්  .කාගේ උවමනාවටද. කලක් ජාතික චින්තනයේ පතාක යෝධයෙක්  වෙනස් කලේ කවුද.      

TNA Provincial Council members appeal to UNCHR

August 23rd, 2014

S. Akurugoda

As per a news item appeared in The Island, in a letter addressed to outgoing UNHRC Chief Navanethem Pillay, 33 members of the North and East Provincial Councils (PC) consisting of ITAK, TULF, TELO, PLOTE and EPRLF (all representing TNA) have urged the UNHRC to expand its ongoing inquiry to investigate atrocities committed by successive governments against Tamil speaking people since 1974.

The news item identifies former members of parliament Dharmalingham Sithadthan, Gnanamuththu Krishnapillai and M. Kanagalingam Shivajilingam and Northern Provincial Councillor Ananthi Sasitharan, wife of one-time hardcore LTTE cadre in charge of Trincomalee district Velayutham Sasitharan alias Elilan too, among the signatories to the said petition and three constituent parties of TNA as former Indian trained terrorist groups.

The group has sighted ‘setting up of Sinhala settlements in the northern region’ as one of the atrocities for investigation.

Claim of atrocities and settlement of Sinhala people

Laminations about “the plight of the Tamil Speaking people” are often heard. Organizations sympathetic to their plight and rights on humanitarian grounds, both within and outside Sri Lanka, are freely available.

The claims against alleged Sinhala settlement in Northern region of the country and alleged atrocities against ‘Tamil Speaking people’, while settling themselves in every other regions of the country, among Sinhala population, is a true indication of their racial ideologies. In fact, according to statistics, the Tamil speaking population settlement in Colombo is 73% (including Tamil speaking Muslims) while the Sinhala population has gone down to 25%.

With riots in 1977, 1978 1981 and 1983 most of the Sinhala population in Northern regions was permanently driven out by the separatist elements. The ethnic cleansing was completed on October 6, 1987, when the last Sinhalese were chased away. According to the available records, around 90,000 Sinhala people have been driven out of their homes in Northern and Eastern Provinces. It is not yet known how many of these displaced people have been allowed to go back to their homes. It was in 1990 that the LTTE forcibly expelled the Tamil speaking Muslim people from Northern Province as a part of their ethnic cleansing process.

Atrocities committed against Sinhala, Muslim (Tamil speaking) and Tamil communities since July 1975, the date of assassination of Alfred Duraiappah MP and Mayor of Jaffna, until May 2009 by the LTTE and the other terrorist groups fought under their separatist ideology are well known to the entire world. The LTTE and former separatist groups, while killing each other to establish supremacy over the other were responsible for the killing of thousands of innocent people including Tamil speaking people and destroying properties worth millions all over the country. Their killing fields were in operation in neighboring countries too. Former terrorist group PLOTE attempted to overthrow the government of Maldives in 1988 and the LTTE assassinated Rajiv Gandhi in India.

Lessons from World War 11

Immediately following the end of World War II, prior to handover the administration to Germans, the Allies (USA, UK, France and USSR) carried out a policy of eliminating the ideology of Nazism called ‘denazification’ to ensure that the Germany would never become a another threat to them. The process of ‘denazification’ took several years. There was no even a suggestion of reconsolidation with the Nazis or those who closely associated or supported the ideology of Nazism. War crimes trails held in many parts of the world either executed or imprisoned those who took up arms as well as those who closely associated and supported the ideology of Nazism.

No one raised the question of human rights violation and the crimes committed by deploying atomic bombing over the two Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki at the end of war immediately killing over 120,000 innocent people and tens of thousands more later due to radiation exposure citing the most cruel bombing ever happened on this planet.

Instead of advising the war affected country to adopt the very same method that they adopted after winning a war, the West started questioning Sri Lanka on ‘the political solution’ while playing their usual card of ‘humanitarian right issues’ in order to cover-up what is currently being done by them in rest of the world in addition to what they have had done throughout the history.

Conclusion

Unfortunately, there was no process initiated in Sri Lanka to eliminate the ideologies leading to racial demands of separatism at the end of the 30 year separatist war. Instead, Sri Lanka focused on rehabilitation of the cadres, their welfare, reconstruction of the war affected areas and conducting local and provincial council elections. It is possible that the government opted to take the above steps, expecting reconciliation by following the noble principle of forgive and forgets confined to our culture.

The above action of the TNA, comprising former terrorist groups, is a clear indication that the surviving pro-LTTE and former terrorist groups will never compromise their racial demands of separatism and their imaginary concept of ‘mono-ethnic northern region exclusively for Tamils’ even after their terrorist acts were completely eliminated on 18th May 2009. Their representations through the PC system have given them an additional leverage, this time, for claims of above nature under the separatist ideology.

Thus there is a need to rethink our strategies and to take necessary steps to eliminate the separatist ideologies, once and for all, to attain sustainable peace.

S. Akurugoda

Food Additives to avoid but not always possible

August 23rd, 2014

Dr Hector Perera London

Herbal, natural food flavouring are added in most of the Asian food such as in fish, meat and vegetable curries. Usually curry leaves, pandam leaves, lemon grass, cardamom, clove and cinnamon are some common herbal food flavourings. Apart from that cumin seeds, coriander, mustard, pepper and chillies are also added in correct proportions to bring out the flavour to foods. I have my doubts if anyone shown any allergic reactions to any of these natural herbal food flavourings.

It is reported there are about 14,000 manmade chemicals added to American food supply and one cannot safely say how many are in other food as well. It is better to talk about a few commonly using food additives such as MSG or Monosodium glutamate or Ajina Motto, artificial colourings, sugar substitutes such as Aspartame, Caffeine and a few more because we come across these chemicals in our daily food. Most of the food we eat and drink are not always selected due to too many reasons. If possible one may either eat them occasionally or in small portions with a balanced diet but this is always not possible.

Aspartame
This sugar substitute is sold commercially as equal and NutraSweet and was hailed as a saviour for dieters unhappy with saccharine’s unpleasant after-taste. Unfortunately, one out of 20,000 babies is born without the ability to metabolize phenylalanine, one of the two amino acids in Aspartame. As a result, it’s not recommended for pregnant women or infants.

Aspartame is made from two amino acids, the building blocks of protein that occur widely in everyday foods and drinks. When we consume products with aspartame, it is digested to small amounts of common dietary components. Apart from an excellent sweet taste without calories, aspartame brings nothing new to our diet.

Aspartame tastes like sugar, many taste tests have shown that people cannot tell the difference between products sweetened with aspartame and those sweetened with sugar. It means that we can all enjoy many sweet foods and drinks, without having to worry about calorie intake.

One of the artificial sweeteners for diabetes’s is aspartame or (NutraSweet, Equal). You can use it in both cold and warm foods. It may lose some sweetness at high temperatures. People who have a condition called phenylketonuria should avoid this sweetener.

Caffeine

Caffeine is found naturally in tea, coffee, and cocoa. It is also added to many soft drinks. It is one of the few drugs, a stimulant added to foods. Caffeine promotes stomach acid secretion (possibly increasing the symptoms of peptic ulcers), temporarily raises blood pressure, and dilates some blood vessels while constricting others.

Monosodium Glutamate (MSG)

Early in this century a Japanese chemist identified MSG as the substance in certain seasonings that added to the flavour of protein-containing foods. Unfortunately, too much MSG can lead to headaches, tightness in the chest, and a burning sensation in the forearms and the back of the neck. If you think you are sensitive to MSG, look at ingredient listings. Also, avoid hydrolysed vegetable protein, or HVP, which may contain MSG.

There was much hue and cry years ago when the public learned Chinese restaurants commonly added MSG to Chinese foods as a flavour enhancer. We then learned MSG could be found in many other processed products, such as salad dressings, condiments, seasonings, bouillons and snack chips. While MSG is made of components found in our body’s water, sodium and glutamate (a common amino acid) ingesting it is an entirely different matter. This chemical is also sold in some Indian grocery shops as well just like salt packets.

Nitrite and Nitrate

Sodium nitrite and sodium nitrate are two closely related chemicals used for centuries to preserve meat. While nitrate itself is harmless, it is readily converted to nitrite. When nitrite combines with compounds called secondary amines, it forms nitrosamines, extremely powerful cancer-causing chemicals. The chemical reaction occurs most readily at the high temperatures of frying. Nitrite has long been suspected as being a cause of stomach cancer. Look for nitrite-free processed meats some of which are frozen, refrigeration reduces the need for nitrites at some health food and grocery stores. But regardless of the presence of nitrite or nitrosamines, the high-fat, high-sodium content of most processed meats should be enough to discourage you from choosing them. And don’t cook with bacon drippings.

A few years ago, I sprinkled some sodium nitrite on a piece of beef and on the following day, I used a fork to comb the piece of beef. To my surprise strings of beef came out just like corned beef and smelled like real corned beef. One mystery about corned beef is the colour. What makes it pink? Does it have to be pink? Is it bad for you? And what the heck does “corned” mean, anyway?

Despite the name, corned beef has nothing to do with corn. In this case corn refers to salt, and dates back to a time when anything small and granular was generically referred to as corn. Corning – or salting – a piece of beef was a way to preserve it. Now, corned beef is all about the flavour.
The distinctive pink colour in commercial corned beef comes from the use of sodium nitrite. Nitrite turns meat a reddish-pink colour and contributes unique flavour.

This is the same substance that’s used for curing a variety of meats, including hot dogs, sausages, and bacon. Sodium nitrite is a common ingredient added to processed meats and fish that helps preserve the food and prevent bacterial growth that can cause botulism. This food additive also adds attractive colour to meat and fish. While sodium nitrite is naturally present in many fruits and vegetables, its use as a food preservative can be damaging to your health. This additive is present in foods like bacon, lunch meat and hot dogs, and knowing more about it will help you make healthier food choices.

Eating a diet high in foods that contain sodium nitrites can cause irritation to your digestive system, including your mouth, oesophagus and stomach. If irritation occurs, you may experience pain, particularly abdominal pain. High consumption of sodium nitrites is also associated with damage to your blood and your blood vessels. At toxic levels, sodium nitrites can also lead to rapid heart rate and difficulty in breathing.

Inhibited Oxygen Transportation

Your body relies on sufficient production of haemoglobin to ensure that all internal systems get the oxygen they need to function properly. According to the American Medical Association, a diet high in sodium nitrites may lead to a health condition called methemoglobinemia, which is the inability of your red blood cells to transport oxygen throughout your body. This condition causes respiratory problems and can be fatal. Reducing your intake of foods with sodium nitrites can help prevent this condition.

Evidence is mounting that nitrite actually does have numerous health benefits. Studies have shown that nitrite is part of the body’s healthy nitrogen cycle.

The body converts nitrate to nitrite to regulate blood pressure, promote wound healing, and destroy pathogens in the gut and even to prevent preeclampsia during pregnancy. Scientists at the National Institutes of Health over the last several years have announced a number of studies that document the health benefits of nitrite.

BenzoicAcid/Sodium-Benzoate
Often added to milk and meat products, these preservatives are used in many foods, including drinks, low-sugar products, cereals and meats. Both temporarily inhibit the proper functioning of digestive enzymes and cause headaches, stomach upset, asthma attacks and hyperactivity in children.

High-fructose Corn Syrup HFCS
This ubiquitous sweetener helps maintain moisture while preserving freshness. A little fructose isn’t a problem but the sheer quantity of “hidden” fructose in processed foods is startling. The consumption of large quantities has been fingered as a causative factor in heart disease. It raises blood levels of cholesterol and triglyceride fats, while making blood cells more prone to clotting and accelerating the aging process.
Sugar in any form causes obesity and disease when consumed in pharmacologic doses. HFCS and cane sugar are NOT biochemically identical or processed the same way by the body. HFCS contains contaminants including mercury that are not regulated or measured by the FDA.

What is High Fructose Corn Syrup?
High fructose corn syrup (HFCS) is a calorie-providing sweetener used to sweeten foods and beverages, particularly processed and store-bought foods. It is made by an enzymatic process from glucose syrup that is derived from corn. A relatively new food ingredient, it was first produced in Japan in the late 1960s, then entered the American food supply system in the early 1970s. HFCS is a desirable food ingredient for food manufacturers because it is equally as sweet as table sugar, blends well with other foods, helps foods to maintain a longer shelf life, and is less expensive (due to government subsidies on corn) than other sweeteners. It can be found in a variety of food products including soft drinks, salad dressings, ketchup, jams, sauces, ice cream and even bread.
Most of these chemicals were created in the lab to improve shelf life, reduce mass food production costs or enhance visual appearance of colorful additives; certainly not for health purposes! Your comments are welcomed perera6@hotmail.co.uk

The Sergei Glaziev Interview — Understanding Ukraine in 15 Minutes

August 23rd, 2014

By

If you want to understand what is going on in Ukraine, then you need to watch this 15 minute video with Putin advisor and friend, Sergei Glaziev. Glaziev explains how structural changes in the global economy and a shift to Asia have precipitated a desperate attempt by US policymakers to maintain their grip on power by instigating a war in Europe. Whether readers agree with this analysis or not, they will find Glaziev is brilliant, erudite and passionate in his beliefs. For that alone, the video is well worth the time.

I transcribed the video myself, and apologize for any unintentional mistakes in the text. Also, the “bold headings” are mine.

1. Structural Changes in the Global Economy are often preceded by Great Crises and War

The world today is going through an overlap of a whole series of cyclical crises. The most serious of them is a technological crisis which is associated with changes in the wavelengths of economic development. We’re living in a period when the economy is changing its structure. The economic structure that has been driving economic growth for the last 30 years has exhausted itself. We need to make a transition to a new system of technologies. This kind of transition, unfortunately, has always come about through war. That’s how it was in the ’30s when the Great Depression gave way to an arms race and then the Second World War. That’s how it was during the Cold War when an arms race in space gave rise to complex information and communication technologies which became the basis of a technological structure that has been driving the world’s economy for the last 30 years. Today we are faced with a similar crisis. The world is shifting to a new technological system.

2. Putin pushes Free Trade Zone to ease transition to New Global Economy

 The new system is humanitarian in nature and thus could avoid a war because the main carriers of growth on this wavelength are humanitarian technologies. These include health care and pharmaceutical industries which are based in biotechnology. They also include communication technologies based on nanotechnology which is making a breakthrough today. And they involve cognitive technologies that define a new sum of human knowledge. If, as President Putin has been consistently putting forward, we were able to agree to a mutual program for development, a general development zone with a preferential trade regime from Lisbon to Vladivostok, if we were to agree with Brussels to create a common economic space, a common area of development, we could find a sufficient number of breakthrough projects, from health to repelling space threats, to fulfill our scientific and technical potential and create a steady demand from the state, which would give a boost to the new technological system.3. Washington sees War in Europe as best way to Preserve its Hegemony

However, America has taken its usual path. To maintain their world dominance they are provoking another war in Europe. A war is always good for America. They even call the Second World War, which killed 50 million people in Europe and Russia, a good war. It was good for America because the US emerged from this war as the world’s leading power. The Cold War which ended with the collapse of the Soviet Union was also good for them. Now the US again wants to maintain its leadership at the expense of Europe. US leadership is being threatened by a rapidly rising China. The world today is shifting to yet another cycle, this time political. This cycle lasts centuries and is associated with the global institutions of regulatory economics

We are now moving from the American cycle of capital accumulation to an Asian cycle. This is another crisis that is challenging US hegemony. To maintain their leading position in the face of competition with a rising China and other Asian countries, Americans are starting a war in Europe. They want to weaken Europe, break up Russia, and subjugate the entire Eurasian continent. That is, instead of a development zone from Lisbon to Vladivostok, which is proposed by President Putin, the US wants to start a chaotic war on this territory, embroil all Europe in a war, devalue the European capital, write off its public debt, under the burden of which the US is already falling apart, write off what they owe to Europe and Russia, subjugate our economic space and establish control over resources of the giant Eurasian continent. They believe that this is the only way they can maintain their hegemony and beat China.

Unfortunately the American geopolitics that we see playing out is exactly like the 19th century. They think in terms of the geopolitical struggles of the British Empire: divide and conquer. Pit nations against others, embroil them in conflict, and start a world war. Americans, unfortunately, continue this old British policy to solve their problems. Russia has been chosen as a victim of this policy while the Ukrainian people are the weapon of choice, and cannon fodder in a new world war.

First the Americans decided to target Ukraine to separate it from Russia. This tactic came from Bismarck. This anti-Russian tradition aimed to embroil Russia in conflict in order to take over the whole Eurasian space. The strategy was first put forth by Bismark, then picked up by the British, and then finally by the leading american political scientist Zbigniew Brzezinski, who said on many occasions that Russia cannot be a superpower without Ukraine and that embroiling Russia with Ukraine will benefit America and the West.

For the past 20 years americans have been grooming Ukraine Nazism aimed at Russia. As you know they hosted remnants of Bandera the Second World War. Tens of thousands of Ukrainian Nazis were brought to America and have been carefully cultivated and nurtured during the whole post war period. This wave of immigrants descended on Ukraine after the collapse of the Soviet Union. The idea of an eastern partnership was used as bait. It was first expressed by the Poles, and then picked up by the Americans. The essence of the eastern partnership, of which Georgia became the first victim. Now Ukraine has become one and soon Moldova will be one, to sever ties with Russia.

As you know we are building the Customs Union, and a common economic space with Belarus and Kazakhstan which will soon be joined by Kyrgyzstan and Armenia. Ukraine has been our long term partner. Ukraine is still in the ratification stage of the agreement with Russia which no one in Ukraine has cancelled yet. Ukraine is important to us as part of our economic space and for our centuries-long ties and cooperation. Our scientific and industrial complex was created as a whole, therefore, Ukraine’s participation in European integration is quite natural and vital. The eastern partnership was created to prevent Ukraine’s participation in the Eurasian integration project. The meaning of the eastern partnership is to create an association with the European union. What is the association that was signed by Poroshenko with the European leaders? It is the transformation of Ukraine into a colony. By signing the agreement with the association, Ukraine loses its sovereignty. It transfers control of its trade, customs, technical and financial regulation, and public procurement to Brussels.

4. The Ukrainian Nazi junta is an instrument of U.S. policy

Ukraine ceases to be a sovereign state in its economy and politics. It is clearly stated in the agreement that Ukraine is a junior partner in the European union. Ukraine must follow a common defense and foreign policy of the EU. Ukraine is obliged to participate in the resolution of regional conflicts under the leadership of the EU. Thus, Poroshenko is making Ukraine a colony of the EU and pulling Ukraine into war with Russia as cannon fodder with the intention of igniting a war in Europe. The purpose of the association agreement is to allow the European countries to govern Ukraine in the settlement of regional conflicts. What is happening in Donbass is a regional armed conflict. The goal of American politics is to create as many victims as possible. The Ukrainian Nazi junta is an instrument of this policy. They are carrying out mindless atrocities and crimes bombing cities killing civilians, women and children, forcing them to leave their homes, only to provoke Russia and then draw the whole of Europe into a war. This is Poroshenko’s mission. This is why Poroshenko is rejecting any peace negotiations and blocking all peace treaties. He interprets any statement by Washington about de-escalation of the conflict as an order to escalate it. All peace talks which have taken place on the international level have brought a new round of violence.

For Full Report;

http://www.opednews.com/articles/The-Sergei-Glaziev-Intervi-by-Mike-Whitney-America_Economy_Interviews_Nazism-140823-108.html

 

Interview with Sergei Glaziev – Advisor to President Putin

(please turn on the subtitles by pressing on the ‘cc’ button)

The President’s Dilemma: A response to Welfare Crisis and Public debt (?) under the Current Regime.

August 23rd, 2014

Dr D.Chandraratn Perth.

 Recently in a National daily there was criticism of the President’s apparent trimming of the welfare budget and the increase in the public debt resulting from massive infrastructure projects undertaken, allegedly detrimental to public good aimed singularly at election victories. Obviously associated with these (or any other matter) two infamous issues were also mentioned and they are directly from Mr Ranil Wickremasinghe’s book; Family lordship and swindling public monies from mega projects. Since I have no concrete evidence of the latter even from the people who ought to know better to raise it under privilege in Parliament I shall not venture into that aspect. Worth mentioning here that some of the mega projects may have been constructed ahead of time but I am no soothsayer. I will only dwell with the reduction of the percentage GDP on welfare in the Central bank figures.

These are in percentages, as per the commentary of Dr Uswatte arachchi but in absolute terms the allocations in 2014 are manifold than in 1974, as the GDP has grown quite measurably. Prof Gerald Peiris has critiqued the Dr Uswattearachchi standpoint and demonstrated that the rural folk are many times better off now than in the dark old days of Mrs Bandaranayake where only Colombo folk had dinner on time while the lower classes were languishing in queues after work for the essential commodities. Even those who had climbed the ladder to intermingle in the Colombo cocktail circuit were oblivious to the plight of many who out of sheer desperation voted JRJ to power. The lower classes had tightened the belts to the wisp of a waist. CBK being in Sorbonne at the time would not have experienced hunger pangs anyway.

 Neither the economic policies nor the social legislations of post independence era has much relevance to the current times for we are living in a post welfare state just like many other countries in the world where the utility of the welfare state is questioned. The time in which the moral integrity of welfare was beyond the normal rhetoric of both the left and the right is no longer an issue. Dr Uswattearchchi argues from a 1970 vantage point when the metaphors and intellectual tools justifying the social obligations to its citizenry were thought immutable and beyond the debates of election manifestoes. In the modern world it is a fact that governments are driven by economic imperatives of survival. Current social policies have to be experiments to be tried out incrementally rather than mere enactments for social obligations. Social welfare has to be rethought but unbridled expectations of welfare and an entitlement as a right has had its day.

 The 1977 JRJ regime championed the neo conservative position of social legislation but yet did not advocate a total rejection of the social ideals enshrined in the Sri Lankan political and social structure. It reduced the entitlements to public sector based upon the traditional ties of community ties and social obligation. Mr Premadasa’s Samurdhi experiment clearly refutes the polarised ideological positions taken in Western countries but as far as Sri Lanka is concerned no ruling party totally disavowed the welfare provisions of the public sector. Since independence we never had a fruitful debate about what degrees of redistributive justice is possible in our developing economy to justify a certain degree of entitlement from the public sector.

It is true that the current President as the finance minister is placed in a difficult position in demonstrating infrastructure development for the longer term, which is an absolute necessity, and at the same time acceding to the plethora of demands with regard to the needs and wants of the deserving. Dr Uswatthearachchi as with the Friday forum group cannot also be unaware of the inefficiency of the public welfare system, (health, welfare and education) and the bureaucracy in general for the waste and mismanagement. Allocating more resources to the public sector without overhauling the inefficient bureaucracy is a further drain of the national resources.

 I cannot enter into a long debate on the crisis of the welfare state (which I do not think is the case) but the changing character of social need in Sri Lanka has to be addressed as a precautionary measure. The definition of social need which is an intrinsic part of resource allocation by the state for the welfare system which is now undertaken by pressure groups identified by ethnicity. For example Tamils and Muslims now claim vulnerability related to ethnicity and by forming into pressure groups the relationship to the state is claimed on the basis of rights. The whole of the Jaffna Peninsula, which aided and abetted terror groups, is passed on as the burden of the welfare state.

In Sri Lanka it is a vexed question to separate needs from desires, wants and aspirations from actual needs. The UNHRC investigation now has latched onto Tamil wants as grievances whereas all ethnic groups feel almost the same being poor but Sri Lankan welfare state finds it almost impossible to give into all these demands. The TNA that was complicit in the destruction of the Tamil Community is now the champion of the vulnerability in the Tamil population. It is demanding the wants and desires also as entitlements at the expense of the nation. Compare this with India which has completely avoided vulnerability as a right and while millions are in utter poverty unabashedly calls itself a flourishing economy and a regional power.

 The other point that has to be mentioned to those who want the 1970’s welfare state expanded is that universal welfare has the tendency to create an infantile class of poor who become attuned to dependency and contribute to generational poverty. Sri Lanka suffered this intractable problem till JRJ gradually started the weaning off process. We have still not totally eradicated dependency on the public sector, now extended to public official and in recent times left at the feet of the politician. Political cynicism or scientific argument might lead us to the conclusion that we need to rethink the role of welfare in the light of how responsibly vulnerabilities can be recognised and responded selectively within the ‘art of the possible’ in our economy.

 It is to the credit of the current President that the space is open to reignite the debate about the role of the state and human costs in the reduction of the welfare state, which was virtually foreclosed in the JRJ time. I believe that the neoconservative imperative for privatized welfare makes no more sense than the former pattern of public sector dominance in social policy which virtually decapitated the socialist economy along with its proponents of the left. The JVP managed to do the summary execution with no holds barred.

 Dr D.Chandraratna

Extension of the mandate given by Human Rights Council Resolution A/HRC/25/1- OHCHR Investigation on Sri Lanka

August 23rd, 2014

SPUR (Society for Peace, Unity and Human Rights for Sri Lanka Inc)

To High Commissioner for Human Rights 21 August 2014

Extension of the mandate given by Human Rights Council Resolution A/HRC/25/1

OHCHR Investigation on Sri Lanka

We notice with concern and alarm that the Time Frame referred to in the Terms of Reference for the OHCHR investigation on Sri Lanka, guided by UNHRC Resolution A/HRC/25/1, has been arbitrarily extended. We urge you to rectify this matter immediately as this level of deceitfulness neither improve the image of the anti Sri Lankan biased behaviour of the retiring High Commissioner for Human Rights, Navi Pillay nor portray the independence of the Office itself.

The Society for Peace Unity and Human Rights for Sri Lanka in Australia:

Acknowledging that the Time Frame referred to in the UNCHR Resolution A/HRC/25/L.1/Rev.1, Section 10 (b) dated 26 March 2014 stated “To undertake a comprehensive investigation into alleged serious violations and abuses of human rights and related crimes by both parties in Sri Lanka during the period covered by the Lessons Learnt and Reconciliation Commission, and to establish the facts and circumstances of such alleged violations and of the crimes perpetrated with a view to avoiding impunity and ensuring accountability, with assistance from relevant experts and special procedures mandate holders;”

Noting that the Time Frame covered by the Terms of Reference of the Lessons Learnt and Reconciliation Commission (LLRC) defined the investigation period1 as “To inquire and report on the following matters that may have taken place during the period between 21st February, 2002 and 19th May, 2009, namely:”

1 http://en.wikipedia.org/

Observing that the Time Frame given in the Terms of Reference for OHCHR Investigation on Sri Lanka defines the period under investigation to be “that covered by the LLRC, that is, from 21 February 2002 until 15 November 2011, when it presented its report to the President of Sri Lankai”

Urge you to:

1. Acknowledge that the above extension of time is a blatant violation of the mandate given by the Human Rights Council Resolution A/HRC/25/1;

2. Rectify the arbitrary extension of the investigation period to 15 November 2011 to match with that of the LLRC investigation period; and

3. Reset the end date of the investigation to 19 May 2011 complying with UN resolution A/HRC/25/1

 

Dr Dasarath Jayasuriya

PRESIDENT

Copy: Presidential Secretariat of Sri Lanka

අපි කුමක් කල යුතුද

August 23rd, 2014

ධර්මසිරි සෙනෙවිරත්න

අපට වෙච්ච දේ මොහොතකට නවතා  අපි කුමක් කල යුතු දය  බලමු.  දෙමල ත්‍ර ස්ත තවාදය විනාශ කලත් දෙමල ජාතිවාදය පරදවා  නැත. එය කරන පාටකුත් නැත. .මියෙම්වා රැකෙම්වා  කියා රට රැක්කේ එදා රජවරුය  අද එහෙව් අ ය නැත. ඉඟුරු දී මිරිස් ගන්නවාට වඩා  ප්‍රභා මැරූ  මහින්දට තව  තල්ලුවක් දී  හෝ ඒ වැඩ ය කර ගත යුතුය.75% ක සිංහලයන් ඒකරාශිවී එක මුතුවී  ඔහු වටේ සිටින බවට  ඔහුට පසක් කළහොත්  ඔහු එයද  කරනු ඇත. නැතිනම්  කල් මරමරා බ ලයේ රැඳෙනු ඇත.මහා සිංහල බලවේගයක් තමන් ආරක්ෂා කරන බව ඔහුට ඒත්තු ගැන්වීම අපට අයත්  විශේෂතම කාර්යයය්.ප්‍රභා මැරූ  පසු  අප ඉගෙනගත් පාඩම නම්  අපේ තල්ලුව ලැබුනොත්  බය නැතිව  නායකයන්ද වැඩ කරන බවය්  චන්ද ෂුවර් නැත්නම්  වැඩද ෂුවර් නැත . න්‍යාය  මතභේද ඉවතලා එකග විය හැකි  අත්‍යවශ්‍ය කරුණු පමණක් දැනට ගෙන අපි මහින්දට බල කලයුතුය. අපේ ග්‍රහණයට ගත යුතුය.. ජාතික ආර්ථිකය වැනි පුළුල් විෂයයන් පසුව ට තැබිය යුතුය.
1  ක්ෂණික පියවර
13 හා පළාත් සභා අහෝසි කිරීම..තුනෙන් දෙකේ චන්දයෙන් හා පසුව ජනමතවිචාරනයකින්ද එය තහවුරු කර ආයෙත් උසාවියටවත් ඇත තියන්නට බැරිවෙන ලෙස කටයුතු කලයුතුය. ගම්සභා ක්‍රමය පටන්ගත යුතුය
2 බෙදුම්වාදීන්ට  අවස්ථාවකක් නැතිවෙනසේ  අලුතෙන් පළාත් බෙදිය යුතුය
3 තෙසවලමි හා මුස්ලිම් විශේෂ නීති අවලංගු කර හැමදෙනාටම එක නීතියක්   හැ දිය යුතුය,.ආගමේ නීති  අනුව   බහු භාර්යාවන් අවශ්‍ය මුස්ලිම් වරු පකිස්ථානය වැනි රටකට යායුතුය. බෞද්ධ රටේ  සතුන් මැරීම තහනම් කල නොහැකි නම් මුස්ලිම් ආගමික නීති කොහොමටත් මේ රටට නොගැලපේ
4ජනවාර්ගික අරගලයක් මෙහි නැත ඇත්තේ ත්‍රස්තවාදය හා දෙමල ජාති වාදයය් රටේ මතු ආරක්ෂාව පතා  ජනවාර්ගික අරගලය  යනුවෙන්  භාවිතා කිරීම තහනම් කල යුතුය.  රටේ ආරක්ෂාව  මාධ්‍ය නිදහස අභිභවා  යය්.
5 මේ රටේ ජාතිය සිංහල ය . අනෙක්අ  ය ජනවර්ගය පකිස්තානයේදී මුස්ලිම් වරු ජාතියය් සිංහලයෝ  වර්ගයක් පමණය  දෙමලු චෙන්නය් හි ජාතියක් විය හැක එහි දී සිංහලයෝ ජන වර්ගයකි.  දෙමල  වර්ගය මුස්ලිම් වර්ගය හා   සිංහල ජාතිය  ආදී වශයෙන්  භාවිතා කිරීම   අවශ්‍ය බව ට නීති හදිය යුතුය.
6ඉතිහාසය  පාසලේ අනිවාර්ය කල යුතුය රටේ රැකියා අවශ්‍ය අය ට ඉතිහාසය පිලිබඳ මූලික දැනුමක් අනිවාර්ය කලයුතුය.
7 ජාතිය හැඳින්වෙනසේ රටේ නම සිංහලේ ලෙසින් වෙනස් කල යුතුය. ප්‍රංශ ජර්මන් චීන ජපන් ආදී හැමදෙනාටම ඒ අයගේ නමින් රටවල් ඇත .  ඓ තිහාසික  සිංහලයන්ට එනමින් තිබූ රටත් නැති කර ඇත. ඉන්දියාවේ අර .එස් එස්  නායකයා   වන භාග්වට් නොබෝද කිව්වේ ඉන්දියාව හින්දුන්ගේ නිසා හිදුස්තානය කල යුතු බවය්. ප්‍රංශ කාරය තමන්ගේ රට ප්‍රන්ශයයය් කියන විට අපි  සිංහලයෝ   ලන්කාව යය්  කීම  ලජ්ජා නැති කමකි . රටේ නම සිංහලේ නම්  එනමින් ජාතියක් ඇති බව ලෝකයාද දන ගනිති.

..මේ කරුණු ගැන විස්තර පසුව ඉදිරිපත්  කරමි විස්තරාත්මක ලිපියක් ලියාගෙන එනවිට  ගූග්ල්  ආදාන මෙවලම  අහෝසිවිය  කෙටි ලිපිය එනිසය්.  .

ON THE TAMIL PROBLEM

August 22nd, 2014

Nalin de Silva

The days when it was claimed that there was an ethnic problem in Sri Lanka are over. It appears that India is of the opinion that the problem in Sri Lanka is linguistic and not ethnic. There were others who said that there was a conspiracy (kumanthranaya) by the West and it was the work of Uncle Sam. Though USA is in the forefront of the activities against Sri Lanka it is not that country that initiated the problem in Sri Lanka.

The conspiracy theorists, they are not theorists in any sense of the word as used in Western knowledge as these people are not capable of creating any new abstract theories on anything, have no explanation of a phenomenon, and just come out with the word conspiracy, without analyzing and offering some appropriate explanation.

These people should be called conspiracy dreamers but often they are considered to be the cream of intellectuals in Sri Lanka by vociferous politicians who have no future in politics involving people (people politics) but continue to be in media politics thanks to proliferation of electronic TV channels and FM radio.

Official Language Act

It is clear that India under the BJP is attempting to think fresh on the problem in Sri Lanka hitherto known as the ethnic problem. It is the duty of Sri Lankans who can think to help India to understand the problem.

In this regard I have made my humble contribution in the form of a booklet published with the title “Prabhakaran Ohuge Seeyala, Baappala ha Massinala” (Prabhakaran, his granduncles, uncles and cousins). It was translated into English as “An introduction to Tamil racism in Sri Lanka”, but is unfortunately out of print. The Sinhala original was first published in 1995, and it is in the fourth edition at present, though as usual was ignored by the so called intellectuals and the media of the country.

        chevanayagam S J V Chelvanayakam        Bandaranaike  SWRD Bandaranaike

The general opinion among the “intellectuals”, opinion leaders, and most politicians especially of the TNA, and other Tamil racist parties and UNP is that the problem started with the Official Language Act or the Sinhala only Act. The Sri Lankan “intellectuals” and opinion leaders have been made to say so by the English intellectuals who are entrusted with maintaining the hegemony of the Judaic Christian culture and Greek Judaic Christian Chinthanaya, undermining the Sinhala Buddhist culture and the relevant Chinthanaya.

The Sri Lankan “intellectuals” who cannot think, and who have been discouraged to think by the Western education they receive at schools (the so called Buddhist schools are worse in this respect) and the universities, repeat what the Western masters and mistresses have taught them. SWRD Bandaranaike and the SLFP are blamed for the Sinhala Only policy together with of course the Bhikkus, and lay people (Upasaka Upasika) who are branded as extremists.

It is not difficult to argue why Sinhala should be the only official language of the country. In fact it is easily justified, especially in view of the facilities granted to the usage of Tamil in official activities, and it has to be emphasized that it is only in Sri Lanka that a postgraduate degree could be obtained in Tamil medium in many subjects. In fact research could be conducted in that language leading up to a Ph. D.

Foreign traders

There may be pundits both Sinhala and Tamil who would say that research leading to a Ph. D. or any other postgraduate degree should be conducted only in an “international” language such as English, but we ignore the opinions of those who cannot think and who have been trained to repeat empty utterances including the sentence “Shakespeare never repeats”. No wonder that there is nothing new in the postgraduate theses produced by these “intellectuals”.

It is not my intention to say that if Hindi that is spoken by less than fifty per cent of the Indians could be the official language of India (together with of course English until the government decides otherwise) then why not Sinhala, the language of about seventy five per cent of the population, and the language understood by about ninety per cent of the people of Sri Lanka, be the official language of Sri Lanka.

The concept of official language may not have been there in the ancient days but Sinhala had been the language of raja sabha and from thousands of inscriptions that can be found all over the island it can be easily concluded that the official announcements by the kings had been made in Sinhala.

The late Mr. Gamini Iriyagolla who has been unfortunately forgotten by modern day “patriotic” politicians had evidence to say that the pact between the Arya Chakravartins and the Portuguese in the seventeenth century was made in Portuguese and Sinhala and not in Tamil, indicating that Arya Chakravartins who paid obedience to the Sinhala kings at Gampola and Kotte considered Sinhala to be the official language.

There was a poor attempt by some Tamil racists to show that Tamil was also an official language of Sri Lanka based on the “trilingual” inscription found in Galle. The reason for this inscription to be in Chinese, Persian and Tamil is obvious.

The inscription was meant for foreign traders who came to Sri Lanka, especially on the silk route, and that is why it was written in the above three languages. If the trilingual inscription “proves” anything it is that the Tamil traders were foreign and occupied the same status as the Persian and Chinese traders. Nobody would claim that Persian and Chinese were also official languages of Sri Lanka at that time and Sinhala was not used for communication in the country based on the trilingual inscription.

Anybody who wants to understand the Tamil problem in Sri Lanka has to answer number of questions some of which are mentioned in Prabhakaran, ohuge Seeyala Baappala ha Massinala.

If the Tamil problem commenced with the Official Language Act in 1956, why did Chelvanayakam establish the Thamil Illnakai Arasu Kachchi (Lanka Tamil State Party) way back in 1948 to campaign for a separate state? Why did Naganathan in the debate on the vote of thanks to the “Throne Speech” in the first sessions of the first Parliament state that the Sinhala people have got their independence, now it is time for the Tamils to win their independence from the Sinhalas or words to that effect?

SWRD Bandaranaike was in the UNP then and an SLFP had not been in the dreams of anybody during that period. SLFP was established only in 1951, and adopted the Sinhala only policy only in 1952 prior to the Minneriya elections.

The so called students of the Tamil problem also have to answer why there were communal politics not only in the State Assembly as documented by many “researchers” but also in the Legislative Assembly established in the early nineteenth century. Why did Ponnambalam Ramanathan emphatically state that the Muslims were ethnically Tamil though he could not prove it convincingly?

Western governmental organizations

Why did the Muslims on the other hand state that they had come from Arab and settled down in Sri Lanka after getting married to Sinhala women? However, that hypothesis or story did not explain why the Muslims spoke Tamil. If the Muslims are descendants of Arab fathers and Sinhala mothers they should have spoken either Arabic or Sinhala and not Tamil?

Apart from those questions one has to answer why the English appointed only one Sinhala to the Legislative Assembly with one Tamil and one Burgher member completely disregarding the percentage of Sinhala people in the country, and their history. A good hypothesis or story should not only be consistent with “facts” which are also very often dependent on the story but answer as many as questions relevant to the problem.

The Sinhala Only Act story does not answer any of the above questions but the story that the English did not want to give the proper recognition to the Sinhala Buddhists their culture and their history would answer them and is consistent with the “facts”. It is the English who created the problem, and it is they who maintain the problem using the dispersed Tamils, the Western governmental organizations, the Tamil racist parties and of course the UNP their agent in Sri Lanka with assistance from USA.

JFA condemns scribe’s beheading in Syria

August 22nd, 2014

 By NJ Thakuria Guwahati:

The abduction and murder of a foreign journalist in Syria by the militants and later publicizing the crime through the online video have shocked the conscience of media world. Journalists’ Forum Assam (JFA) from the eastern part of India has also expressed shock at the incident and urged the media fraternity of the globe to come one and all condemning the brutal act.

International media reports disclose that James W. Foley, an American photo-journalist was abducted in November 2012 from somewhere in Syria and later he was beheaded by an Al-Qaeda splinter group Islamic State.

The militants in an online video claim that the 40 years old scribe was slaughtered as an act of retribution against U.S. military intervention in Iraq. In the video posted to YouTube, a masked executioner addressed US president Barak Obama personally and threatened more bloodshed against Americans, including another captured American journalist (Steven J. Sotloff), who was also depicted in the video.

Obama has already condemning the ‘act of beheading that shocks the conscience of the entire world’ and pledged renewed determination to confront the terrorist group calling itself the Islamic State. Meanwhile, the Committee to Protect Journalists (CPJ), a media rights body has also condemned the barbaric murder of James Foley, who was kidnapped and held almost two years in Syria before the act of beheading.

“Foley went to Syria to show the plight of the Syrian people, to bear witness to their fight, and in so doing to fight for press freedom,” said CPJ chairman Sandra Mims Rowe in a statement issued from New York. According to the Reporters Without Borders (RSF), Syria remains a dangerous country for the working journalists for more than two years.

The Paris based media persons’ rights body revealed that 44 journalists have been killed in 2014 till today where the motives have been cleared that the victims were targeted because of his/her activities as a journalist.

The deadliest countries include Syria (10), Palestine (7), Ukraine (4), Philippines (3), Central African Republic (2), Iraq (3), Libya (2), Brazil (2), Afghanistan (2), Egypt (1), Colombia (1), Mexico (1), Democratic Republic of the Congo (1), Somalia (1), Bangladesh (1) and India (Tarun Kumar Acharya), claimed the RSF. “Beheading of a journalist and uploading its video online is a matter of great concern for everyone in a civil society,” said a statement issued by JFA president Rupam Barua adding that the barbarism shown by the militants should be denounced by each and every netizen with minimum humanity and moral.

A Lesson from Dr. Subramaniam Swamy to Sri Lanka’s minority Tamils and Muslims

August 21st, 2014

Shenali D Waduge

Known for his candid demeanor and straight talk, Dr. Subramaniam Swamy did not mince his words during his eagerly awaited speech at the 4th consecutive Defense Seminar held at the Galadari Hotel from 18-20th August 2014. Encapsulating the gist of Dr. Swamy’s message was the need for minorities in particular the Sri Lankan Tamils to become stakeholders of the Sri Lankan nation and not think themselves separate entities needlessly inclined towards voting for their own only or expecting and appealing for external parties to come to their aid.

What was made clear through reference to Rajiv Gandhi was that India today acknowledged the ‘mistake’ his mother Indira Gandhi made in training and aiding Sri Lankan militancy that gave birth to a host of armed Tamil movements which ultimately ended up with LTTE after LTTE had killed off all the other leaders.

Acknowledged also was that today India under Modi is happy that LTTE is no more and India is happy that Sri Lanka took the decision to ‘fight to finish’ a victory that provided ‘security for India’ that culminated in the end of the LTTE except for what Dr. Swamy termed as the ‘financial orphans’ who need to once in a while cough LTTE ideology to get allocations from the LTTE kitty now involved in numerous other international illegalities.

The next part of Dr. Swamy’s speech alluded to the elections that enabled a clear majority and established how the unification of the Hindu majority could create an outright majority. The lesson in this for minorities was very simple.

In continuously self-alienating, complaining of what is not given against not appreciating what is enjoyed, demanding what cannot be given, looking from the lens of rights without responsibilities the insinuation implied was that in the event the majority unites not only will the minorities become insignificant, the external players that have preyed upon the minorities for their own agendas will also walk away having realized that they are now irrelevant.

In what can be described as an excellent piece of advice to the minorities and relevant to both India and Sri Lanka, Dr. Swamy’s request for minorities to become stakeholders and to think strategically and not emotionally or ethnically is important and minority leaders are best advised to realize the new dynamics at play.

Expanding what Sri Lanka can accept as the new Modi doctrine is the new path that India espouses to take wherein India’s national interests would not bow down to narrow local interests. Honorable as this new shift is, the Indian Central Government reaction and action following a graphic that appeared on a Sri Lankan Government website for which an immediate apology was offered and yet for over a week an unwarranted show of misbehavior was allowed certainly questions the manner India’s Central Government remains to be haunted by State theatrics. Nevertheless, the fact that India has announced a new shift in its policy elevating itself to a newer plane has to be appreciated and commended.

India will not support a separate Tamil country

India will not come to Tamil’s defense

The most important message that Tamils need to take from Dr. Swamy’s speech was that India will not support the notion of Tamils as a separate entity. Expanding further Dr. Swamy requested Tamils not to expect India to come to the defense of Tamils. Essentially, what Sri Lanka’s Tamils need to now think is that they are not part of Tamil Nadu or India but part of the fabric of Sri Lanka. They would need to break away from the psychology that India or Tamil Nadu can come to the defense of Sri Lankan Tamils. If India’s stand on this is as Dr. Swamy projected, India would need to ensure that statements from the Centre, its officials and even State Governments do not give a different meaning or indication that India’s interests continue to rest with the Sri Lankan Tamils. Therefore, just as important as delivering the message, it would be good for Dr Swamy to ensure that India means what it says.

In drawing reference to himself as a Tamil, Dr. Swamy expressed that neither Karunanidhi nor Vaiko were Tamils but from Andhra Pradadesh and that even the Tamils of Sri Lanka were originally from Kerala/Malayali.

In drawing an example from the Presidential election, Dr. Swamy explained how he could not understand the mentality of the Northern Tamils in their argument of claiming genocide by the Sri Lankan Government while choosing as common candidate the former Army Commander and voting for him. He expanded this further in the manner how the Sri Lankan President had invited the Northern Chief Minister to accompany him to Mr. Modi’s oath ceremony but Chief Minister Wigneswaran had declined because he did not wish to accompany the President of Sri Lanka but as Dr. Swamy said the Chief Minister’s psychology was part of the problem – he was not a head of a sovereign state and should not think so either!

Thus, from the speech by Dr. Swamy, himself a Tamil, what was made abundantly clear was that the Tamils need to urgently shift their current psychology towards looking at themselves as part of the Sri Lankan family and not thinking that they are a separate entity.

Tamils of Sri Lanka are well advised to realize that with the pace with which the economic development cutting across Asia is taking place and the geopolitical security emphasis, India is now unwilling to be bogged down by domestic petty politics that have no nation-wide significance for India.

Before Tamils become irrelevant by their own actions, a lesson for Sri Lanka’s Muslims who are being taken down the same mistaken path that the Tamils first embarked on, it is no better a time for both the minorities to realize that instead of self-alienating themselves by their actions and inactions, they need to become stakeholders.

The minorities need to now think themselves as Sri Lankans putting their ethno-religious inclinations to the background and this holds the key to peaceful co-existence. Dr. Swamy showed how the unification of the Hindu majority in India at the recent election displayed that until and unless the minorities become part of the governing cycle and desiring to be part of the country’s historical heritage they would by their own actions become irrelevant with time and this is not a path that the minorities should take. The greater lesson is that external parties are ever ready to pitch in to aggravate mischief if and when they see a window of opportunity to create the destabilizing plots to their advantage, when they realize there are no windows of opportunity they would abandon the very minorities that they used like a ton of bricks. This was the bitter lesson Saddam Hussein, Gaddafi and Osama bin Laden learnt. In the larger game of politics it is nothing but a game of being used and discarded after use. 

The stand on the UNHRC investigation was also made clear by Dr. Swamy who said that India would not accept anything ‘intrusive’ and highlighted the imbalance with which the investigation was being done with LTTE only given a peripheral mention in all reports.

With India’s stand clear on UNHRC investigation, the need for Tamils to think and belong to Sri Lanka instead of thinking themselves as belonging to a separate state however looks to be a distant dream so long as Tamils allow entities like the Tamil National Alliance to drag them towards self-alienation and irrelevance.

The best example of this is the manner that 33 TNA provincial councilors have written to the UNHRC outgoing head Navi Pillai to expand the UNHRC war crimes to include the atrocities committed by SLFP and UNP Governments since 1974 to determine that genocide was committed. When Sinhalese and Muslims have been killed in their thousands there are no grounds for genocide which even Dr. Swamy mentioned in his speech. Nevertheless, the TNA demand has reverse repercussions for it includes virtually all of LTTE’s crimes and would also help to confirm and establish the LTTE-TNA link and thus with the LTTE ground leadership no more it would certainly help establish the argument that if LTTE is found guilty of crimes the TNA leadership must take accountability.

There is much for the minorities to ponder over amongst themselves and the need to delink themselves from ethno-religious minority political parties is a good starting point for these parties funded by mischief operators will take the ordinary people to devastation as can be seen in other parts of the world.

 

 

 

‘LANKA’S VICTORY, OUR SECURITY’ – Dr. Subramanian Swamy

August 21st, 2014

CHAMINDA PERERA Courtesy The Daily News

India will not accept any inquiry against SL

Sri Lanka’s issue not ethnic, but linguistic

Chairman of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) Committee for Strategic Action and Leader of the Janatha Party Dr. Subramanian Swamy yesterday said Sri Lanka’s victory over terrorism helped ensure the security of India too. “Not only that Sri Lankans have started to live in normalcy without fear but a major national security goal of India was also achieved as a collateral gain by Sri Lanka’s victory over the LTTE,” he said. Swamy added that reconciliation will go a long way if Tamils as a bloc do not vote against Sinhala candidates at the forthcoming elections.

subramaniumsamy

“We will not accept any inquiry against Sri Lanka from any quarter.

“No genocide has taken place in Sri Lanka,” Dr. Swamy emphasized. He was addressing the delegates at the Defence Seminar 2014 in Colombo yesterday.

The Janatha Party leader said that India’s foreign policy will be formulated with national interests in mind. India will always place its own national interest above the interests of Provincial governments.

Swamy said that issue in Sri Lanka is not an ethnic issue but purely an issue related to linguistics.

“Patriotic Indians do not consider the core issue of the Sri Lankan strife as connected to ethnicity as the West is prone to project, but that it was a linguistic one,” he said.

He said that he has never been able to understand the attitude of the Tamil people who adopted former Army Commander Sarath Fonseka as a candidate at the last Presidential election while leveling baseless allegations that the army committed genocide in Sri Lanka.

“I have never been able to understand the Tamil attitude in Sri Lank particularly in the North.

The Tamils who kept on telling me that that the army committed genocide have selected the Commander of Army as their candidate,” he said.

Swamy queried as to how the Commander of the Army was not aware of a genocide if it had been perpetrated.

“How is it possible that the Commander of Sri Lanka Army knew nothing about the human rights atrocities carried out by the Sri Lankan army and President Rajapaksa would alone be responsible for them.

The Janatha Party Leader added that no genocide had taken place in Sri Lanka during the conflict and even the UN has not said that Sri Lanka has committed genocide.

“It is a group of people with vested interests based in London who are trying to propagate this ideology,” he said.

Ambassador Aryasinha Identifies Global Challenges to Sri Lanka as a Rising Nation

August 21st, 2014

Permanent Mission of Sri Lanka Geneva

Sri Lanka’s Permanent Representative to the UN in Geneva Ravinatha Aryasinhahas said, “while we have defeated the LTTE in Sri Lanka, the organization, its ideology and its operations are very much alive in a number of Western countries. Immediately, this remains a challenge to speeding up the pace of reconciliation in Sri Lanka, and eventually, a potent danger to Sri Lanka as a rising nation”.

Addressing the session devoted to the global challenges to Sri Lanka as a rising nation at the Army Seminar 2014, he said “besides the socio-economic challenges to Sri Lanka that emanate from the global sphere which has already been exhaustively analyzed in the keynote address, there were three sets of  global challenge Sri Lanka would face as a rising nation. First the actions of some states in the international system, second those arising from the actions of sections of the Sri Lankan Tamil Diaspora and third the challenges emanating more specifically from the hardcore LTTE remnants presently spread across various parts of the world”.

He observed that even as most countries have acted with understanding and have respectfully shared concerns and been able to contribute to the processes of reconciliation in a tangible manner, unfortunately particularly a few Western countries fuelled by political motivations and electoral compulsions have continued to relentlessly pursue Sri Lanka. As Sri Lanka moved consistent with the recommendations of the LLRC, and has continued to remain fully engaged with all UN agencies including the Human Rights Council and the OHCHR, as well as its global partners international and non-international, these countries have constantly shifted the goal posts on human rights related concerns.

Ambassador Aryasinha said “it has been Sri Lanka’s long standing plea that all countries do not provide any political or symbolic support to the abuse of their liberal systems using various pretences by those pursuing separatism in Sri Lanka, that they  proscribe all LTTE front organizations and maintain strict vigil over the activities of their operatives, and continue to bring to justice those violating the law”.

He observed “that it is noteworthy that even while the political establishments in key Western countries where the Sri Lankan Tamil diaspora provide an important vote base in marginal constituencies have in recent years turned some what of a blind eye to activities of diaspora organizations drawing superficial lines between known LTTE terrorists and Sri Lankan Tamil Diaspora LTTE front organizations and activists engaging in similar activity, it is clear that the law and order and criminal justice systems in these countries however have not been fooled”.

He said, “even if one does not necessarily want to help Sri Lanka, it would be in their own enlightened self interest to make a concerted effort to isolate from the rest of the respected Sri Lankan Tamil expatriate community, the LTTE hardcore and pro- LTTE elements who have the propensity to cause harm. Acting on such groups is imperative, because today a threat to another country, would tomorrow be a threat to oneself. And particularly with organizations like the LTTE, which have in the past shown the prowess for catastrophic actions, it is very important that we learn the lessons from history and do not let history repeat itself”.

 UN Permanent Representative Identifies Three Potent Dangers to Sri Lanka

(Full statement )

“While we have defeated the LTTE in Sri Lanka, the organization, its ideology and its operations are very much alive in a number of western countries. Immediately, this remains a challenge to speeding up the pace of reconciliation in Sri Lanka, and eventually, a potent danger to Sri Lanka as a rising nation,” so observed Mr Ravinath Aryasinha, Ambassador / Permanent Representative of Sri Lanka to the United Nations in Geneva, Consul General of Sri Lanka to Switzerland, Ambassador for Sri Lanka to the Holy See, in his opening remarks to the Session Three on Day 2 (Aug 19) of the Army organized ‘Defence Seminar 2014’ as the Chairperson.

“It is noteworthy that even while the political establishments in key western countries where the Sri Lankan Tamil diaspora provide an important vote base in marginal constituencies, have in recent years turned somewhat of a blind eye to activities of diaspora organizations, drawing superficial lines between known LTTE terrorists and Sri Lankan Tamil Diaspora LTTE front organizations and activists engaging in similar activity, it is clear that the law and order and criminal justice systems in these countries however have not been fooled.”

Here follow the observations Mr Ravinath Aryasinha made to the forum:

“I am indeed honoured to have been invited to chair this session and wish to thank the Commander of the Army Lt. Gen. Daya Ratnayake for allowing me to join you today.

I wish to congratulate Secretary/Defense Mr. Gotabhaya Rajapaksa who conceptualized this series of conferences, and all those who have operationalized it. This not only helps remember the suffering the Sri Lankan people endured with resilience for over 30 years and overcame following the defeat of terrorism on 19 May 2009, but  also provides an opportunity to reflect on facets of development in Sri Lanka that have been made possible, essentially due to this very defeat of terrorism. Sri Lanka’s achievements over the past 5 years also provides confidence and hope to those countries that continue to face the threat of terrorism, that with political commitment and dedication – as shown by the Government of President Mahinda Rajapaksa – a country can indeed see light at the end of the tunnel.

As I chair this session devoted to the global challenges to Sri Lanka as a rising nation, the central thought that strikes me is that, besides all that has been said over the past two days on the clear relief within Sri Lanka and the region since May 2009, that the entire world is a safer place today because of the defeat of the LTTE. This is a truism of which the significance is not fully appreciated by some countries.

This is no exaggeration, for not too long ago the FBI regarded the LTTE to be the “world’s most ruthless terrorist organization”, with some 54 offices worldwide, a merchant shipping fleet, a significant sea fighting and a rudimentary air capacity, and was known to be involved in drug and weapons trafficking, money laundering, financing of terrorism, human smuggling and cyber terrorism. It is this fear of the LTTE that led to it being proscribed in over 30 countries including India, USA, UK, Canada, and EU member states. The seriousness of the challenge the LTTE posed to the global community is clear in the ironic situation that since the LTTE leadership was militarily defeated, while there has been limited counter terrorism action in Sri Lanka since that time, that in counter-terror operations in Europe since the end of the conflict some 32 LTTE activists have been arrested, while an additional 21 have been convicted.

Besides the socio-economic challenges to Sri Lanka that emanate from the global sphere which has already been exhaustively analyzed in the keynote address yesterday, I see three sets of  global challenge Sri Lanka would face as a rising nation. First the actions of some states in the international system, second those arising from the actions of sections of the Sri Lankan Tamil Diaspora and third the challenges emanating more specifically from the hardcore LTTE remnants presently spread across various parts of the world.

States

Even as most countries have acted with understanding and have respectfully shared concerns and been able to contribute to the processes of reconciliation in a tangible manner, unfortunately particularly a few Western countries fuelled by political motivations and electoral compulsions have continued to relentlessly pursue Sri Lanka.

As Sri Lanka moved consistent with the recommendations of the LLRC, and has continued to remain fully engaged with all UN agencies including the Human Rights Council and the OHCHR, as well as its global partners international and non-international, these countries have constantly shifted the goal posts on human rights related concerns.

Initially it was by expressing fears that GOSL will not clear landmines.

Subsequently that the displaced would indefinitely be confined to the IDP welfare centres.

Later it was that the ex-LTTE combatants will never be released.

That the emergency regulations should be removed.

That though released from the welfare centres they would not have sufficient
housing, livelihood and infrastructure facilities.

That the LLRC report would be an eye wash and would never be implemented.

That the Northern Provincial Council elections will not be held.

As each one of these pessimistic forecasts by the prophets of doom were proven false through tangible delivery by the Government of Sri Lanka – questioning of the events of the ‘last phase’ of the conflict which had largely been at the periphery, has been brought centre stage. There has also been disputing of the troop strength required in the former conflict affected areas, as well as actions intended to test the limits of the delicate balance of rights and duties that prevail in this democratic, multi-ethnic, multi-religious polity through external interventions.

There are many theories as to why some of these countries might be doing so, but none of them sufficiently explains the double standards, the disproportionate focus and in some instances the almost obsessive manner in which some of the key drivers of action against Sri Lanka operate. This has more often been done in tandem with extremist sections of the Sri Lanka Tamil diaspora, as well as certain NGOs and a few media personalities with a vested interest. It has resulted in the highly politicized recent resolutions before the Human Rights Council, as well as the ongoing OHCHR investigation – which has from its inception exceeded its mandate and is being conducted in an arbitrary manner.

Sri Lankan Tamil Diaspora

In discussing global challenges to Sri Lanka as a rising nation, a key variable which poses both an opportunity as well as a challenge, no doubt is the Sri Lankan Tamil diaspora (SLTD) resident abroad, and I hope the speakers who follow me would address this issue in more detail from their respective vantage points – in Europe, Africa and South East Asia.

It is important to note that the SLTD, who not only during the height of the LTTE campaign but continue to be victims of extortion, are today no monolith. A bulk of the Sri Lankan Tamil population living abroad have used the new found peace in Sri Lanka to eschew extremist ideas and to seek to re-engage with their roots back home. Since 2009, considerable numbers of the Sri Lankan Tamil Diaspora have visited their home towns in the North after many decades, while some have also invested in Sri Lanka and have extended a hand of friendship even towards the Government of Sri Lanka.

However at the same time, as those of you from the security establishment are familiar, within the Sri Lankan Tamil Diaspora there also continues to remain a small but vociferous group of activists working through Tamil front organizations, who are intent on seeking to vilify Sri Lanka and prolong the separatist struggle. Among them are also some 2nd generation Tamil youth, who never experienced the real horror of the conflict suffered by all Sri Lankans over the past 30 years, but who see this opportunity as one to be exploited as ‘political entrepreneurs’, as many other diaspora communities have also sought to do over the years. Working with a plethora of international non-governmental organizations, interest based groups and sections of the media, these front organizations bearing a multitude of pseudonyms, seek to provide the interface between the LTTE and the Sri Lankan Tamil diaspora community. Under the guidance of paid international political and legal advisers, they are carefully adjusting to stay below the counter terrorism radar by distancing themselves from the terrorist past of the LTTE and instead focusing on humanitarian and political causes, thereby are seeking to perpetuate the ideology of the LTTE and to rehabilitate the image of struggle, while providing a via media for propaganda and fund raising to continue unabated, in order to be able to keep the pot boiling in Sri Lanka. An integral part of this activity is also the mushrooming of the extremist Madrassa type  “Tamil Cholai” (language schools) that are fermenting radicalization of youth and the glorification of terrorism and martyrdom across key Western countries. An estimated 20,000 Tamil students between the ages of 4 and 21 years study in more than 300 “Tamil Cholai‟ (language) schools functioning in Europe under different names, which receive host government funding in some cases, but in actuality are directly or indirectly administered by the LTTE and generates their own funds. In addition, students of these schools are forced to participate in propaganda events organized by the LTTE and its front organizations.

Hardcore LTTE remnants

As it moves on the path of reconciliation, Sri Lanka has for long maintained that although the LTTE has been militarily defeated in Sri Lanka in May 2009, its overseas network which includes a number of trained cadre, funded by some sections of the expatriate Tamil community, continues to remain in place, posing the greatest medium and long term security challenge to Sri Lanka and the region. This assessment has been shared by India, as well as by many other countries, which have continued to keep the LTTE on the proscribed terrorist list. The recently released EU Terrorism Situation and Trend Report 2014 (TE-SAT 2014) of the EUROPOL observes that “LTTE networks remain in numerous countries, and continue to attempt to rebuild their structures and operating capabilities, especially via fundraising and money laundering”. It notes that “in Switzerland, for instance, police continued to investigate the activities of a number of former LTTE members. The investigation focused primarily on operations aimed at channelling funds collected on Swiss territory to Sri Lanka”.

This is not the Government of Sri Lanka that is making this comment, but Europol which is the European Union’s law enforcement agency that that says so.

Though nipped in the bud as a result of Sri Lanka’s good intelligence coordination within and outside the country, the vulnerability such actions could pose was made clear when in March 2014, investigations confirmed that a series of activities aimed at enabling a resurgence of terrorism in Sri Lanka were coordinated by a broader network of LTTE operatives functioning from overseas. Three LTTE operatives who were overseas and had returned to Sri Lanka were found to have been actively involved in the reorganization of the terrorist organization in the North. They were involved in the recovery of arms caches, planning to assassinate high profile targets in Colombo, re-establishing the intelligence network, recruiting unemployed youth and rehabilitated ex-combatants and collecting information on potential targets including in other provinces, with the intention and attempts to carry out terrorist acts in the country. Investigations revealed that funding for such activities came from Europe and were being transferred using an illegal system of money transfer widely used in the subcontinent. It was also revealed that many safe houses, vehicles and other resources required for resurgence of the terrorist group had been procured by them using this money. That this plot was unearthed and dealt with effectively is to the credit of the defense establishment of Sri Lanka, but we must all remain vigilant of the next such attempt.

In order to arrest this trend in a comprehensive manner, also in March 2014, the Government of Sri Lanka took measures to list entities and persons under UN Security Council Resolution 1373 who were, believed on reasonable grounds, to be committing, attempting to commit, facilitating or participating in the commission of acts of terrorism. This order designating entities and persons was undertaken following several years of consideration of information and monitoring of their activities.

There have been several actions by the law enforcement authorities both in Sri Lanka and abroad before, as well as after the recent military action, under UNSC Resolution 1373. In May 2014, the Malaysian authorities immediately took action, at the request of the Government of Sri Lanka, to extradite 3 key LTTE operatives arrested by them who are wanted in relation to terrorism related offences in Sri Lanka, and more deportations have followed. Given that these operatives had been designated as refugees by the UN High Commissioner for Refugees, it is imperative to ensure that the UN system does not fall prey to manipulations by terrorist groups.

Conclusion

While we have defeated the LTTE in Sri Lanka, the organization, its ideology and its operations are very much alive in a number of Western countries. Immediately, this remains a challenge to speeding up the pace of reconciliation in Sri Lanka, and eventually, a potent danger to Sri Lanka as a rising nation.

Sri Lanka’s long standing plea is that all countries not provide any political or symbolic support to the abuse of their liberal systems using various pretences by those pursuing separatism in Sri Lanka, that they  proscribe all LTTE front organizations and maintain strict vigil over the activities of their operatives, and continue to bring to justice those violating the law.

It is noteworthy that even while the political establishments in key Western countries where the Sri Lankan Tamil diaspora provide an important vote base in marginal constituencies have in recent years turned some what of a blind eye to activities of diaspora organizations drawing superficial lines between known LTTE terrorists and Sri Lankan Tamil Diaspora LTTE front organizations and activists engaging in similar activity, it is clear that the law and order and criminal justice systems in these countries however have not been fooled.

Whether countries at the political level choose to do so and abide by the conventions they signed up to defeat terrorism particularly in the aftermath of 9/11, or else will continue to allow such persons to exploit liberal systems is a question those countries must answer to.

But I’d dare to say, that even if one does not necessarily want to help Sri Lanka, it would be in their own enlightened self interest to make a concerted effort to isolate from the rest of the respected Sri Lankan Tamil expatriate community, the LTTE hardcore and pro- LTTE elements who have the propensity to cause harm.

Acting on such groups is imperative, because today a threat to another country, would tomorrow be a threat to oneself. And particularly with organizations like the LTTE, which have in the past shown the prowess for catastrophic actions, it is very important that we learn the lessons from history and do not let history repeat itself.

It is ladies and gentlemen like you from across the globe being conscious in your own work of the dangers this presents not only to Sri Lanka, but to the region and to the international community at large, that could help avert it and bring true peace and prosperity to Sri Lanka as well.

I thank you.”

 

 

අපි කවුද ……….අපට වෙච්ච දේ ………තවත් ටිකක්

August 21st, 2014

ධර්මසිරි සෙනෙවිරත්න

මහනුවර මඟුල් මඩුව ක්‍රිස්තියානි පල්ලියකට පරිවර්තනය කිරීමට  හෝටන් ආණ්ඩුකාරයා  එංගලන්තයෙන් අවසර ඉල්ලා සිටියේය –1826  02  26  ලිපිය.සිංහලයන් බල වත් ලෙස විරුධ්ධවේයය් බියෙ න්  එය එංගලන්තයෙන් ප්‍රතික්ෂේප විය. —බෞද්ධ කොමිෂන් වාර්තාව්වේ 66 . පසුව ඒ වෙනුවට පන්සල් ඉඩමකම බෞද්ධ මුලින්ම  ශාන්ත පෝල්  පල්ලිය ඉදිකරන ලදී.
එම් .f ප ගසන් ගේ “ලංකාව  1903 දී “””. 1903 9 12——-“යම් කිසිවෙකුට රක්ෂාවක්  දීමට පෙර ඔහු විසින් ක්‍රිස්තියානි ආගම පිළිගත යුතුය”‘ යන ප්‍රතිපත්තිය නිසා ස්වදේශිකයන් තුල වංචනික ගති ඉක්මනින්ම තහවුරු වී වංක ජාතියක් ඇතිවීමට  කොතරම් හේතුවීද යත් ලංකාවේ සමහර පෙදෙස්වල”‘ආණ්ඩුවේ ක්‍රිස්තියානි”” හෙවට් ”බෞද්ධ  ක්‍රිස්තියානි  යන නාමය මෙකල පවා ව්‍යවාහාරයෙහි පවතී “”—බෞ  කො වාර්තාව 1පිටුව
එම පොතේ c 2පිටුව——–මිෂනාරි වැඩ අතුරෙන් ඉතාමත්ම නොවරදින  සාර්ථකම  .. දෙයක් නම් විශේෂයෙන්ම ගෑනු  ළමයින් සඳහා  නේවාසික පාසල් හැදීමය.””  වාර්තාවේ 19 පිටුව. .””‘මෙයින්  අදහස් කලේ අනාගත අම්මල ක්‍රිස්තියානි කිරීම හොඳම ප්‍රතිඵල දෙන බවය් .   ”””” ලංකාවෙන් බුදුදහම තුරන් කරගත හැකිනම්  එහි රාවයෙන් බුරුමය සියම ආදී රටවලද පැතිරී ඒ රටවලින්ද බුදුදහම තුරන් කල හැකිවනු අතය්    මේ පොතේ එම පිටුවේම සඳහන්ය.–වාර්තාවේ 19 පිට..
1931 කෘෂිකර්ම අද්යක්ෂක w  youngman  ගේ වාර්තාවේ— ලංකාවේ  ගොවිතැන් වියදම් ක්‍රම වියදම් අධිකය .පිටරටි හාල් ගෙනවිත් දීම වඩා ලාභය එහෙත් ගොවියාගේ ශ්‍රමය යෙදවීමට වෙනත් විකල්පයක්  නැති නිසා  ලංකාවේ සහල් නිෂ්පාදනය නතර කිරීමට මගක් නැත…..””   ඔවුන්ට අවශ්‍ය වුයේ ලංකාවේ ගොවිතැන නැති කිරීමට බව පැහැදිලිද?…………… සුද්දාගේ මතයේම මෙන්න ——  කළු සුද්දෙකුත් .——–ලලිත් ඇතුලත් මුදලි   විවරණ සඟරාවට දුන් සාකච්චාවක්…”අපේ රටේ සහල් නිෂ්පාදනය  මිල අධික වැඩක්. පිටරටින් ඊට වඩා අඩු මිලට  සහල් ගත හැකිය.””””
   ඇලෙන හාල් ගත හැකි තමය් සුද්ද මේවා අපට  කැවීම  තේරුම් ගත හැකිය එහෙත් සිංහලයෙක් ? දේශපාලනඥය මෙවෙ කියන විට  මිනිස්සු  ඉල්ලන්නේ  මොනවා හෝ අඩුවට දෙන දේවල්ය. රටට වෙන විපත  ගැන රුදාවක් නැත.
 ඔබ දන්නා වාද  ….. —–කොළඹ -පුත්තලම පාරේ  ආනමඩුව දෙසට යනවිට  මහවැව හිරිපිටිය දිගාවැව  ආදී වැව් 24 ක්  දෙකඩ වනසේ පාරවල් තනා ඇති බව  වතුර පිරෙන්නේ වැවෙන් බාගයකට නිසා  ගොවිතැන විනාෂාවේ මේවා හිතා මතාම කල දේවල්ය.
1816 අප්‍රේල් මා සයේ දී උව පළාත ගැන  එංගලන්තයට ලියූ බ්‍රවුන්රිග් ආණ්ඩුකාරය  මේ පලාතෙන් ඉන්දියාවටද සහල් දිය හැකියය් කියය. .1818 විමුක්තිසටන විනාශකිරීමෙන් පසුව ඔහුම මේ පළාත ගැන මෙසේ කියය් .””‘සියලු වාරි මාර්ග  විනාශ කර දමා ඇත. පලතුරු පිරුනුගස් කපාදමාතිබේ. අවුරුදු 18 ට වැඩි වයසේ සිටි සියලු  මිනිසුන් මරණයට පත් කර ඇත, ඌව  සහ   වෙල්ලස්ස යන දෙපලාතෙන්ම බිත්තර වී  පවා සොයා ගැනීම දුෂ්කරය.”””””‘…සුද්ද කල විනාශය සුද්දආම උන්ගේ මහා උන්ට කියන්නේ එසේය.  එහෙත් අපේ සමහර  උන්අදත් කියන්නේ සුද්ද  ආවේ නැත්නම් නුවර මිනිස්සුන්ට කොළඹ බලන්නටවත් නොහැකිවන බවය් . සුද්දා නැත්නම් අපි වැද්දෝ  බවය්.
 කඳුකරයේ කැ ලෑ  කපාගත් සුද්දෝ රුහුණේ බත් පාත්‍රය නමින් හැඳින්වූ  කුඹුක්කන් ඔයේ වගා කල අක්කර 60,000 මහා වෙල් යා ය අභය භූමියක් බවට හරවන ලදී එය අද යාල  ය..වෙල්පත්තුව නම් වූ කළා ඔයෙන් හා මෝදර ගම ආරු ගංගා වලින්  ජලය ගෙන බන්දිනලද වැව් වල ජලයෙන් වගාකළ මහා වෙල් යයද  අභය භූමියක් කරන ලදී  වතු වගා සඳහා කැ ලෑ   එළිකිරීම නිසා  වැසි අඩුවී  වී වගාවට ජලය හිග වීම ඒ දිනවලම සිදුවිය . මේබව නුවර එලිය දිත්රික්කයේ 1884  පාලන  වාර්තාවෙන් බෝම්ගට්නෙර් ද  1889 වාර්තාවෙන් ලමසුරියර් ද  පෙන්වා ඇත  1884 04  15 දින සෝවර්ස් විසින්  පොල්වත්තේ ප්‍රථම ස්කාගාරය  විවුර්ත කර මුලදී නොමිලේ  අරක්කු දී මිනිස්සු බීමත් කමට පුරුදු කරනලදී.—-ලංකාවේ පනස් වසක්  පොතේ මේජර්  ස්කිනර්  මේ ගැන මෙසේ කියය”” අවුරුදු කීපයකට පෙර සියයට එකෙකුවත් මත්පැනට පෙළඹවිය නොහැකි ඇතැම් දිස් තිරි රික්කවල ගම්වාසීහු  මත්පැනට කෙතරම් පුරුදුවුනාද කියතොත්  පැ සීගෙන එන අස්වැන්න උකසට තබා බීමට පුරුදුවූහ….””’  උඩ රැ ටියා   බීමට ඇබ්බැහිවීම ගැන  බ්‍රතාන්ය රජය වගකිවයුතු බව  ග්රෙගරි  ආණ්ඩුකාරය 1872 දී  ප්‍රකාශ කළේය.
1818 විමුක්ති සටන ගැන කමිටුවේ  දී මේජර් ස්කිනර් —– ප්‍රශ්නය— සිංහලයන් සාමාන්න්යයෙන්  ශාන්ත නීතිගරුක මනුෂ්‍ය වර්ගයක්ද?
පිළිතුර—- ඉස්සරනම් එහෙමය්. අප සමග සබඳකම් පැවැත්වීමෙන් ඔවුනට හිරිහැර පීඩා ඇතිවූ නිසා  දැන් සාමාන්න්යයෙන්  එසේයය් කිව නොහැකිය් ..
අපට කල දේ ද යය්  මා ප්‍රශ්න කලේ එනිසය් හැකිතරම් වචන අඩු කර ලියන නිසා  රසවත් බවෙන් අඩුය.මෙය සාරාංශයක් පමණි
මතු සබැඳේ .         
.

වාරියපොලදී ගුටි කෑ සෙල්වා පොලිස් අත්අඩංගුවට

August 21st, 2014

Courtesy http://lankacnews.com

පසුගිය සෙනසුරාදා වාරියපොල බස් නැවතුමේදී තරුණියක් විසින් තරුණයෙකුට පහු දෙන අයුරු අන්තර්ජාලය පුරා වේගයෙන් පැතිරී ගියේය.

සිද්ධියට සම්බන්ද මධු නමින් හඳුන්වා ගත් තරුණිය තිලිණි ඉමල්කා, තරුණයා පී. චන්ද්‍රකුමාර නොහොත් සෙල්වා හා අසල සිටි පුද්ගලයා වූ බස් නැවතුමේ වේලා සටහන්කරුවෙකු වන ඩබ්. ජයසිංහ මාධ්‍ය වෙත අදහස් පල කරයි.

සෙල්වම් අදහස් පල කරන්නේ මෙසේය.

“මම රැකියාවට නගරයේ කුලී වැඩ කරනවා.එදත් මම කුලී වැඩක් බලාපොරොත්තුවෙන් බස්නැවතුම්පොල අසලට වී සිටින විට මට පහර දුන් තරුණිය තවත් යාළුවෙක් සමග වැසිකිලියට ගොස් එමින් සිටියදී මට හමු වුණා.

ඇය ඇඳුම් ඇඳ සිටියේ ඇඟටම තද වෙන ආකාරයට ඩෙනිම් කලිසමක සහ අත්වල කොටසක් පෙනෙන ආකාරයට පෙනෙන බ්ලවුසයක්. මම ඒ ඇඳුම බලලා කිව්වා ‘මිස් ඔය ඇඳුම ඔයාට ගැලපෙන්නේ නෑ නේද’ කියලා. තමුසෙට මොකද කියලා එයා මට රවාගෙන ගියා.

ඉන්පසුව ඇය බසයක නැගලා සිටිනවා මම දුටුවා.ඒ වෙලාවේ මම සිටියේ බස්නැවතුම්පොළ ඇතුළෙයි. ඇය මා දැකලා එක පාරටම බස් එකෙන් බැස මා ළඟට ආවා.ඇවිත් ‘උඹට මොකක්ද මගේ ඇඳුම ගැන තියෙන රුදාව කියා මගේ කම්මුලට පාරක් ගැසුවා. මම එහෙම ගහනකොට ‘මිස් මට සමා වෙන්න, මගේ අතින් වැරදි දෙයක් කියවුණා නම් මම සමාව ඉල්ලනවා’ කියලා කීවත් ඇය මට දිගින් දිගටම බනිමින් මගේ කම්මුලට ගැහුවා.

නමුත් මම ඉවසාගෙන සිටියා. පිරිමි අපි ගෑනුන්ට ගහන සිරිතක් නෑනේ. සමහරවිට මම ඇයට ගැහුවා නම් ගැනියකුට ප්‍රසිද්ධියේ ගැහුවා කියලා පොලීසියට අරන් යන්න තිබුණා.මේ නිසයි මම ඉවසුවෙ. මම ඇයට එහෙම කිව්වේ එහෙම කීම අත්‍යවශ්‍ය බව සිතූ නිසයි.”

පසුගිය සෙනසුරාදා දිනයේ වාරියපොල බස් නැවතුම් පොලේදී තරුණියගේ පහර දීමකට ලක් වූ සෙල්වා හෙවත් රොබට් දාසන්ලාගේ චන්ද්‍ර කුමාර පොලිසිය විසින් අත්අඩංගුවට ගෙන ඇතැයි වාර්තා වේ. 30 හැවිරිදි සෙල්වා වෘත්තියෙන් පොල්කඩන්නෙකු වන අතර ඔහු සිව් හැවිරිදි දියණියකගේ පියෙකි.

මධු සහ ජයසිංහ මාධ්‍ය වෙත දැක් වූ අදහස්..

Original Report

http://lankacnews.com/sinhala/main-news/120824/

අපි කවුද අපට වෙච්ච දේ …… අමතර පැහැදිලිකිරීම්

August 21st, 2014

ධර්මසිරි සෙනෙවිරත්න 

හෙට්ටිආරචිචි  විසින  පෙන්වාදී ඇති  ආදී හෙළ වචන වල ——– බද   යන්න බඩ  විය යුතුය
ගෛගර්  ලංකා ඉතිහාසය  ගැන කල ප්‍රකාශය 1908 දී ආනන්ද කුමාරස්වාම්ය් මධ් ය කාලීන සිංහල කළා  කෘතියේ පිටු අංක 2 දක්වා ඇත.උඩරට ගැමියාගේ අවංක භාවය   ගැන 19 පිටුව බලන්න.අනුරපුර සුදු දිසාපති වාර්තාව—එහිම 19 පිටුවෙත්  manual .north  central  province  43 පිටුව …
නුවර කලාවිය වැසියන් ශාන්ත බව ලියු brodi  ගේ සටහන ම .සිං . කලා  20 පිටුව හා රාජකීය ආසියාතික සමාගමේ ලංකා සඟරාවේ 111.  161 පිටුව .. පවුල් පිලිබඳ ඇල්ම   ගැන davi 1821 මුද්‍රිත ලියූ ලංකාවේ සංචාරණ   හි 289 පිටුව( ඩේවි  දුටු ලංකාව) හා ම.සිං කළා. 20 පිටුව—- මේ පොතේ සිංහල මුද්‍රණය 1962.
මේ ඔබහේ විමතීන් දුරු කිරීම පිනිසය් .
අපට වෙච්චදේ  වචනය සමගම අපට කලදේද  යන්නද සඳහන්ය   කලදේ නම්  ඉන්පසු කලයුත්තේ කුමක්ද යන්න  ගැන සිතිය යුතුය  අන්න එතනට එන්නටය් අපි කුමක් කල යුතුද යන ඉදිරි කොටස . තවම මම ඒ  ගැන ලියා නැත .පසුතැවීමක් අදහස් කර නැත.
   ආනන්ද කුමා….———
            —–                                                     
            ””උගත් යය සම්මත වූවන්  සියරටේම ආගන්තුකයන් කරන සම්පූර්නයෙන්ම ව්‍යාජ අස්වාභාවික අධ්‍යාපනය ක්‍රමයක් ;;”” ඉංග්‍රීසින් විසින් ඇතිකළ බව    258 පිටුව””””””””””රාජකීය විද්‍යාලය  දෙන අධ්‍යාපනය වැනි ‘ඉංග්‍රීසි අධ්‍යාපනයක ‘ පිහිට ලබන “”උගතා “” තමාට විශේ සයෙන් වැදගත්  අගනා සියල්ල ගැන කිසිත් නොදන්නෙකු වීමත් ලෝකය ගැන තමන් දන්නා දෙය පමණක් නොව  ඉතිහාසය හා අන් මිනිසුන්ගේ සිරිත් විරිත් පිළිබඳව තමන් උගත් දෙය පවා අනුනට දීමට අපොහොසත් වීමත්  විශේෂයෙන් අභාග්‍ය සම්පන්නය….””””පිටු ව 51.
1807  02 28 මේට්ලන්ඩ් ආණ්ඩුකාරය  මාතර ඒජන්ත ඊඩ්න්  ට ය වූලිපියක  කොටසක්—-“”මම  ඔබට තවත් කරුණක් කියමි . එය ක්‍රියාවේ යෙදිය යුත්තේ පරිස්සමින් නුවනින් හා ඒ දෙකටම වඩා රහසිනි …. මම සංඝාධිකරණ මණ්ඩලයක් පිහිටුවමි..එසේකරන්නේ බුධ්ධාගමටත් ඔවුන්ගේ සිරිත් විරිත් වලටත් මහත් ගවුරවයක් අප දක්වන  බව මහජනයාට හැඟවීමටය  දෙවනුව සංඝයාගේ සහයෝගය ආණ්ඩුවට ලබාගැනීමටය තුන්වනුව මුදලිවරුත් සංඝයාත් අතර විශ්වාසය  පාලනයට අහිතකර නිසා එය නැති කර දැමීමටය ….—–බෞද්ධ කොමිෂන්  සභා වාර්තාව පිටුව 47
මතු සබැඳේ …..

Exposing the Lies: Why the ‘Joint Statement’ between Sri Lanka and UN Secretary General is continuously referred to

August 21st, 2014

Shenali D Waduge

There is a reason why there is constant reference to a supposed ‘joint statement’ issued between Sri Lanka and the UN signed by the Sri Lankan President and the UN Secretary General. The effort is to create a notion that a ‘contract’ prevails as a result of that ‘joint statement’ binding enough to warrant the appointment of the Panel of Experts, to make public their report, to have that report form the basis for the Resolutions and provide the foundation on which the UNHRC head could carry out an investigation against Sri Lanka. Obviously, a lot of minds and hours had gone into contriving the masterplan. The question, next needs to be asked is how valid and legal is this masterplan?

Firstly, what needs to be accepted is that an investigation against a UN member state can take place based on the following scenarios:

  1. If it is endorsed by the UN General Assembly
  2. If it is endorsed by the UN Security Council
  3. It can also be done as a self-initiative by the UN Secretary General based on 2 criteria:
  4. UN Charter Article 99 which says “The Secretary General may bring to the attention of the Security Council any matter which in his opinion may threaten the maintenance of international peace and security.”
  5. Based on a contract or an agreement with the country in question.

 We are well aware that NONE of the reports to date has been either endorsed, approved or commissioned by either the UN General Assembly or the UN Security Council.

As for UN Charter Article 99, though Ban-Ki Moon’s advisors contemplated this option, it was set aside for the simple reason that the UN Security General had no basis to commission a report because the situation in Sri Lanka posed no threat to ‘the maintenance of international peace and security’. With the conflict over, LTTE ground force eliminated Ban-Ki Moon would have looked a fool to suggest a report citing Article 99. Even Sri Lanka’s worse critic will not be able to provide a single example of how Sri Lanka’s ‘accountability process’ can pose a threat to international peace!

Therefore, the next option was to entice Sri Lanka and lure it to agreeing to a ‘contract’ that would attempt to bind the country to enable an investigation to be conducted. We can but wonder how many of our own officials would have been enticed or manipulated into this deal in accepting to go with the flow in what has turned out to be a devious plan to craft out a war crimes investigation against Sri Lanka and select leaders.

The projected ‘contract’ being promoted as prima facie case to establish the UNSG’s right to appoint a panel to investigate Sri Lanka is based on a flimsy concluding para to a joint statement signed on 23 May 2009 after he arrived in Sri Lanka within days of the conclusive defeat of the LTTE.

That flimsy sentence in the joint statement reads thus:

The Secretary General underlined the importance of an accountability process for addressing violations of international humanitarian and human rights law. The Government will take measures to address those grievances (Nowhere does the Sri Lankan Government commit to undertaking an investigation nor does the GOSL agree to an international investigation)

http://www.mea.gov.lk/index.php/component/content/article/1753-joint-statement-by-the-gosl-a-the-un-at-the-conclusion-of-un-secretary-generals-visit-to-sri-lanka

Let’s not fool ourselves into believing these lines equate to a contract.

These lines have absolutely no legal basis to argue as a legal contract between Sri Lanka and the UNSG that Sri Lanka has undertaken to even do a domestic inquiry.

Nevertheless, we should begin to understand the reason for the inundated reference to the ‘joint statement’ and attempting to project it as a ‘contract’ that the GOSL has breached and violated that warranted the UNSG to take action by establishing a Panel of Experts and thereafter collaborating with the UNHRC to kickstart the Resolutions and ultimate investigation. Every step of the exercise resonates a scheme, a manipulation, lies and unethical practice within the halls of the UN.

The manipulative nature of the UNSG’s office in collusion with the UNHRC office needs to be publicly exposed.

Far too many statements have been made public without scrutiny and international condemnation. 

Failure of Sri Lankan officials to stand up for what is right and on behalf of their country over diplomacy and fear of upsetting fellow nations has led to the abysmal situation Sri Lanka now has fallen into.

Why should anyone feel shy to tell the truth if the truth needs to be told?

Why would any country feel upset if they too stand for truth and wish to be part of honest governance?

Why were statements like  “In March 2010, in the absence of Government initiative on the issue, the UN informed the Government and Member States of plans to establish a UN Panel of Experts on accountability in Sri Lanka.”  not condemned publicly? The statement is an utter lie.

The Appointment of the Panel of Experts, the mandate given to them, the choice of the Panel had nothing to do with the UN General Assembly or the UN Security Council. It was solely a self-initiative by the UN Secretary General. The Panel of Experts was not appointed by or endorsed by the UN General Assembly and no report has any right to give the impression that it was. The Panel of Expert Report has no right to refer itself as a UN report.

This scenario needs to be conveyed across the diplomatic channels to all Members of the UN so that they can be made to understand the nature with which the UN and certain officials are signaling out Sri Lanka in an obvious attempt to create precedents that would be detrimental to other nations of the developing world and enemies of the West.

It is for these reasons that the UN General Assembly and nations that are not mere armchair members attending annual sessions begin to realize what a monster the UN is shaping itself to becoming.

It is no better a time for the developing world to start thinking of formulating a new world body that does not function to the dictates of a handful of nations and their lobbies based on the perks and remunerations that crosses hands. With the calls for an Asian Union comprising Russia, China, India and all nations of Asia it is for think tanks to start drawing up a new world entity burying for good a biased and failed UN.

Please take time to read these reference articles:

http://www.foreignpolicyjournal.com/2013/03/19/the-illegality-of-un-secretary-general-ban-ki-moons-approach-to-sri-lanka/view-all/

http://www.lankaweb.com/news/items/2014/08/19/the-bogus-joint-statement-between-president-of-sri-lanka-and-ban-ki-moon/

Gautama Buddha the Unique Psychotherapist

August 21st, 2014

Ruwan M Jayatunge M.D.

 Many people interpret Buddhism as a religion and a philosophy (or a practical philosophy) known from antiquity. The Buddhism has a vast system of psychotherapy. The Buddhism offers mental healing allowing growth promotion. Buddhism is a method of mind training. Understanding of the function of mind has been recognized as the basis of Buddhist philosophy. In this context the Lord Buddha can be identified as a unique psychotherapist of all time.

Psychotherapy is a wide ranging subject. In general Psychotherapy means a treatment of emotional, behavioural, personality disorders based primarily upon verbal or nonverbal communication. The Buddha who was an inimitable mental healer helped a large number of people to overcome stress, emotional problems, and relationship problems etc through gracious and spiritual mediation.

 Modern Psychotherapy started with Dr Sigmund Freud. Freud introduced Psychoanalytic therapy.Psychoanalysis investigates the unconscious mental processes. Psychoanalytic therapy scrutinizes how the unconscious mind influences thoughts and behaviours. Freud used free association, dream interpretation, and analysis of resistance and transference to explore repressed or unconscious impulses, anxieties, and internal conflicts of his clients. The goals of psychodynamic therapy are a client’s self-awareness and understanding of the influence of the past on present behaviour (Haggerty 2006).

 Psychoanalytic therapy has been identified as an insight-oriented therapy. Freud was interested in the past (especially the childhood experiences) of his clients. However the Buddhist psychotherapy pays its attention to the past, present and future. The Buddhism has an exclusive psychoanalytic component. The Psychoanalysts such as Erich Fromm and Karen Horney studied the Psychoanalytic component in the Buddhist philosophy. According to Erich Fromm psychoanalysis is not a therapy of commitment but rather an approach that liberates people from the type of commitment required by traditional religion and other social institutions. The Buddha helped to liberate people from emotional bondages and oppressed social conditions two millennia ago.

 Unlike the Freudian psychoanalysis the Buddhist psychoanalysis has a profound spiritual dimension and it extensively focuses on the deeper existential questions. Freud believed that the inner layers of the human personality consist of irrational and savagery wishes. In contrast the Buddha believed in the positive aspects of the human personality and its capabilities. The Buddha preached that the human have the capacity for self growth and achieve higher spiritual level.

 The Buddha did a complete form of analysis and found the root cause of affliction, then successfully treated the particular psychological ailment and brought complete mental release to the person. He made the person to aware of his illogical thought patterns and actions hence giving a profound insight

 In this analysis sometimes the Buddha went up to past lives. Past life therapy also known as regression or resolution therapy allows individuals to complete traumatic and emotionally stimulated past experiences which on an unconscious level are unresolved.

 Today PLT or Past Life Therapy or Past life regression is popular in the Western world and it allows the client to resolve past issues in a therapeutic setting using clinical methods. The most famous Western past life therapist was Edgar Cayce who gave over 14,000 “readings” during a period of 43 years. Edgar Cayce demonstrated the uncanny ability to put himself into some kind of self-induced sleep and he could respond to questions asked by his patients about their illnesses. In addition the Psychiatrist Dr. Brian Weiss who was the author of the bestselling book “ Many Lives, Many Masters “ has extensively written about past life therapy. Past life therapy helps the clients to find a meaning in their present suffering.

 Dr. Ian Stevenson who was a Canadian-born US Psychiatrist and the Chairman of the Department of Psychiatry and Neurology at the University of Virginia in 1957 had spent a large part of his professional life traveling the world, verifying, and documenting thousands of past life memory cases. He began his reincarnation research in 1960. Dr. Ian Stevenson once stated: “Reincarnation, at least as I conceive it, does not nullify what we know about evolution and genetics. It suggests, however, that there may be two streams of evolution — the biological one and a personal one — and that during terrestrial lives these streams may interact”

 The personality types are important in psychotherapy. Different personality types were discussed by Galen (120 AD) Carl Jung (1875 – 1961) and Professor Hans Eysenck (1916 – 1997). Galen proposed four fundamental personality types such as sanguine (pleasure-seeking and sociable), choleric (ambitious and leader-like), melancholic (analytical and quiet), and phlegmatic (relaxed and peaceful). According to Carl Jung there are two major types of personalities: Extraversion and Introversion. Professor Hans Eysenck proposed two personality dimensions: extraversion and neuroticism.

 Many years before these scholars the Buddha realised that different personality types exist and he identified three major types of personalities. The first type is Raga (predominantly sensual pleasure seeking) personalities. Their thoughts and actions are pre occupied with seeking bodily pleasure. The second type Dvesha (anger based) personalities and they are largely impacted by self loathing, resentment and frustration. The third type Moha (irrational) personalities and they are unable to come to a rational conclusion and lack wisdom. Based on personality types the Buddha provided appropriate mental and emotional healing.

 Cognitive Therapy is one of the major components in today’s psychotherapy.

Cognitive Therapy based on gaining insight into unconscious emotions and drives mainly focusing on thoughts, assumptions and beliefs. Albert Ellis’s Rational Emotive Therapy is an example of Cognitive therapy. Ellis considers strong emotions to result from an interaction between events in the environment and beliefs and expectations.

 In Buddhist point of view suffering is not caused by external traumatic events, but by qualities of mind which shape our perceptions and responses to events. These same words were repeated by the Psychologist Albert Ellis in 1953 when he introduced his action oriented therapeutic approach – Rational Emotive Therapy. According to Ellis not the event that causes psychological distress but the belief held by the client. He further argues that one’s emotional distress is actually caused by one’s catastrophic thinking in appraising stressful events. Ellis theories that unrealistic appraisals of stress are derived from irrational assumptions.

 The Psychiatrist Aaron T Beck – the developer of CBT or Cognitive Behaviour Therapy emphasized the role of cognitive distortions in Depression and anxiety. Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT) is one of the major orientations of psychotherapy and represents a unique category of psychological intervention because it derives from cognitive and behavioural psychological models of human behaviour.

 The Lord Buddha used numerous kinds of cognitive therapies. In the story of Kisa-Gotami Buddha used a cognitive mode of action to give insight to a young mother who lost her infant son. She was devastated with grief. She went to the Buddha Carrying the dead body of her son and asked for medicine that would restore her dead son to life. The Buddha told her to get some mustard seeds from a house where there had been no death. Emotionally overwhelmed Kisa -Gotami went from house to house but she could not find a single house where death had not occurred. She gradually got the insight and the meaning of death. She realized that the death is a universal phenomenon. By the end of the day Kisa -Gotami buried her dead son. Although she felt the loss she was able to move away from the pathological grief reaction that impacted her immensely.

 Buddha often used Socratic Method to teach his doctrine. Socrates (470 -399 BC) was a Greek philosopher who engaged in questioning of his students in an unending search for truth. He sought to get to the foundations of his students’ and colleagues’ views by asking continual questions until a contradiction was exposed, thus proving the fallacy of the initial assumption. This became known as the Socratic Method.

 The Buddha had exceptional communication skills. He was able to positively connect with people from all walks of life and people from different social layers with different education levels. He used vivid and colourful examples to give insight to his followers.

 The story of Angulimala narrates how the Buddha used to give insight and mental awakening in extreme situations. Angulimala –an innocent bright student who turned in to a vicious murderer was determined to kill the Buddha. When he saw the Buddha Angulimala started chasing the Buddha and screamed at the Buddha to stop. The Buddha turned and told Angulimala that he, the Buddha, had already stopped and Angulimala, to do likewise.

 These few words made a cognitive revolution inside Angulimala’s head. He realized that the Buddha has already stopped -means he does not commit any violence and does not accumulate any karmic energy that fuel the Sanasara Chakra. But Angulimala he himself is mounting up karmic force that keeps him moving in the Sanasara Chakra. In this analogy the Buddha has stopped but Angulimala is still moving. Angulimala had an aha moment and he was able to realise the gravity of his evil actions. He threw the sward and renounced violence.

 The story Patachara is a dazzling example how the Buddha restored an acute stress reaction. Patachara a young woman went in to an acute stress reaction when she witnessed the death of her husband, two children and the parents. She lost her faculties and became overwhelmed. She came to Buddha weeping and with utter confusion. The Buddha gave her psychological first aid and brought her to proper sensors.

 After she became rational Buddha explained her the true meaning of suffering and the nature of impermanence giving numerous examples. Patachara realised that the death and suffering are innate parts of the human existence. Therefore her husband, two children and the parents could not evade these universal maladies.

 The story of Patachara reveals an excellent case study of trauma counselling. As indicated by psychologists trauma counselling should offer practical help that works and should teach skills to manage flashbacks, painful memories and anxiety. Buddha used practically most of the above mentioned avenues to resolve the grief reaction of Patachara.

 The Psychiatrist Dr. Elisabeth Kübler-Ross provided emotional comfort to the terminally ill patients and provided comfortable non agonizing final moments for them. She was one of the pioneers in Hospice care. Hospice care is a type of care and philosophy of care that focuses on the palliation of a chronically ill, terminally ill or seriously ill patient’s pain and symptoms, and attending to their emotional and spiritual needs. The Buddha provided such care to a terminally ill monk named Puthigattha Thissa. Also the Buddha provided hospice care to his own father – the King Suddhodana.

 There are obvious similarities between the empathy offered by the Buddha and the empathy that had been described by Carl Rogers who played an important historical role in the development of Client Centered Therapy. Empathy is a fundamental ability for being able to develop relationships with other people, and thus develop one’s personality. The Buddha offered empathy without any pre conditions and accepted people with unconditional positive regard. The Buddha offered empathy and accepted people such as Angulimala (a killer), Ammbapali (a prostitute), Sunitha (an untouchable), Soopaka (a victim of child abuse), Ajasathha (a King who committed patricide), Sachhaka (a pompous academic with extreme arrogance), Upali (a poor barber), Aalavaka (a callous cannibal) without any pre judgements.

 The Buddha believed in human freedom. Carl Rogers felt that it was irrelevant whether or not people really had free will. He further says we feel free when choices are available to us. Rogers pointed out that the fully-functioning person acknowledges that feeling of freedom, and takes responsibility for his choices. The Buddha doesn’t reject the human freedom with complete responsibility for one’s action.

 Robert Carkhuff -one of the pioneers in Client Centered Therapy studied and worked with Carl Rogers. He published his outstanding book Towards Effective Counseling and Psychotherapy in 1967. Robert Carkhuff introduced seven co conditions such as empathy, respect, concreteness, genuineness, self disclosure, confrontation and immediacy.

 In psychotherapy immediacy is a vital module. The story of Rajjumala reveals the immediacy put into practice by the Buddha. Rajjumala was a domestic servant who became distressed by the ill treatments of her mistress. She decided to commit suicide and end her suffering. The Buddha intervened and saves her life. Then she was offered an alternative solution to be free from her slavery. Rajjumala accepts the spiritual path and becomes a free human being. She finds her liberation.

This is a fabulous example of suicide prevention counselling and Robert Carkhuff’s seventh co condition “immediacy” put in to action.

 The Existential Psychotherapy is a form of psychotherapy which aims at enhancing self knowledge. In Buddha’s teaching existentialism is widely described. Buddhism brings up questions about ethics and the nature of our existence. The goals of existential therapy are to enable people to become more truthful with them, to widen their perspective on themselves and the world around them, to find clarity on how to proceed in the future while taking lessons from the past and creating something valuable to live for in the present. Also it helps to explore the client’s physical, social, psychological and spiritual dimensions.

 The Buddha used numerous existential approaches to provide insight and self growth. The story of Mattakundali illustrates such approach. Mattakundali was a young boy – a son of a greedy miser. Although his father was rich he did not like to spend on Mattakundali‘s illness and neglected his health needs. Mattakundali’s illness aggravated and he passed away without receiving appropriate medical attention. Upon his death the father became devastated and filled with grief and self guilt. He blamed himself for the death of Mattakundali. Practically every day he went to the cemetery and mourned for his dead son.

 The Buddha helped Mattakundali‘s father to resolve his unceasing grief using an existential approach. Hence Mattakundali‘s father realised the meaning of death and his grief reaction was resolved.

 The Viennese Psychiatrist and the NAZI Holocaust survivor Dr Victor Frankel introduced logo therapy. According to Logo Therapy the search for a meaning in life is identified as the primary motivational force in human beings. Frankel believed that humans are not fully subject to conditions but are basically free to decide and capable of taking their stance towards internal (psychological) and external (biological and social) conditions. Frankel encouraged his patents to find a meaning in their suffering.

 According to Dr Victor Frankel people can discover this meaning in life in three different ways: (1) by creating a work or doing a deed; (2) by experiencing something or encountering someone; and (3) by the attitude we take toward unavoidable suffering” and that “everything can be taken from a man but one thing: the last of the human freedoms – to choose one’s attitude in any given set of circumstances.

 The Buddha too encouraged his disciples to explore and search for meaning. Buddhist psychotherapy mainly deals with self-knowledge, thoughts, feelings and actions and being mindful of one’s momentary experience without judgment.

 The Acceptance and commitment therapy   is a form of clinical behavior analysis   used in psychotherapy. It is an empirically-based psychological intervention that uses acceptance and mindfulness strategies mixed in different ways (Plumb et al., 2009). Acceptance and Commitment Therapy is focused on six processes (acceptance, defusion, self, now, values, and action) that bear on a single overall target (psychological flexibility). Fung (2014) indicates some of the common tenets in Buddhism such as the Four Noble Truths and No-Self that has been adopted in the Acceptance and commitment therapy.

 The French Philosopher René Descartes argued that the mind a thinking thing can exist apart from its extended body and therefore, the mind is a substance distinct from the body, a substance whose essence is thought. The modern psychology views mind as the totality of conscious and unconscious mental processes and activities by which one is aware of surroundings, and by which one experiences feelings, emotions, and desires, and is able to attend, remember, learn, reason, and make decisions. The Buddhism defines mind as a non-physical phenomenon which perceives, thinks, recognises, experiences and reacts to the environment.

 In the Buddha’s teaching meditation has a special place. Meditation can be used for personal growth. Buddhist meditation practices have become a topic of widespread interest in both science and medicine. (Britton et al., 2014).

 The Buddhist meditation is a process of mental clarification and geared to direct perception. The purpose of Buddhist meditation therefore is to gain intellectual understanding of the universal truth. Buddhist Vipassana meditation gives realization of impermanence, suffering and non-self. The Mettha (loving-kindness) meditation helps to reduce anger and a perfect way to control aggressive feelings.

 Nemours researches concur the therapeutic effect of meditation to reduce stress and anxiety. Traditional Buddhist formulations describe meditation as a state of relaxed alertness that must guard against both excessive hyperarousal –restlessness and excessive hypoarousal -drowsiness, sleep (Britton et al., 2014).Today many psychotherapeutic centers use meditation as a successful therapeutic tool.

 The Buddha was a unique psychotherapist. His therapeutic methods helped millions of people throughout the centuries. Today the Western world has realized the psychological essence of Buddhism. Many Psychotherapeutic systems in the West derived from Buddha’s teaching. Buddha showed empathy and non judgmental acceptance to everyone who came to him. He helped people to gain insight and helped in growth promotion while eliminating troubling and painful emotions. His therapeutic methods are exceptional and can be applied for all time.

 

References

Britton, W.B. , Lindahl, J.R., Cahn, B.R., Davis, J.H., Goldman, R.E. (2014). Awakening is not a metaphor: the effects of Buddhist meditation practices on basic wakefulness. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 1307:64-81.

Eysenck, H. J. (1947). The structure of human personality. New York: John Wiley and Sons, Inc

Frankl, Viktor. (2006). Man’s Search for Meaning. Beacon Press.

 Fung K.(2014). Acceptance and Commitment Therapy: Western adoption of Buddhist tenets?Transcult Psychiatry. 1363461514537544.

 Haggerty, J. (2006). Psychodynamic Therapy. Psych Central. Retrieved from http://psychcentral.com/lib/psychodynamic-therapy/000119

Jayatunge , R.M. (2008) Buddhism and Psychology. AHAS Publications Sri Lanka

Neale, M(2012), “What Buddhist Psychotherapy Really Is” Retrieved from

http://www.milesneale.com/wp- content/uploads/2012/02/WhatBuddhistPsychotherapyReallyIs.pdf

Plumb,J.C.,   Stewart, I.,   Dahl,G.J.,   Lundgren, T (2009).   “In Search of Meaning: Values in Modern Clinical Behavior Analysis”. Behav Anal. 32 (1): 85–103.

Stevenson, I. (1974). Twenty Cases Suggestive of Reincarnation (2nd rev ed.). Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia. .

Royal Asiatic Society Sri Lanka (RASSL)-Monthly Public Lecture on Monday 25th August 2014 at 5.00 p.m.

August 21st, 2014

Royal Asiatic Society Sri Lanka (RASSL)

 

Monthly Public Lecture 

 

“Some Observations on Mudliyar David De Saram’s Pin Pota”

 by

Prof. K. N. O. Dharmadasa

Professor Emeritus, and the former Dean of the Faculty of Arts,

University of Peradeniya

 

on Monday 25th August 2014 at 5.00 p.m.

at the

Gamini Dissanayake Auditorium

No. 96, Ananda Coomaraswamy Mawatha, Colombo 07

 

ALL ARE WELCOME

Way Forward : China-India-Russia strategic geopolitical alliance

August 21st, 2014

Shenali Waduge

Should the 3 powers of Asia combine to make a formidable global force? Its not a bad idea – in fact it’s an excellent idea and would provide Asia and inadvertently the world the balance of power and stability that is lacking. Against a declining West, Asia’s 3 formidable power houses are best placed to challenge USA’s supremacy but the only issue is India’s mixed signals and its colonial-servant attitude in bowing to Western dictates. Yet, given the current world scenarios, Russia, China and India should combine and together as a common block enforce their demands to their “friend” the US and the West.  

The triangular partnership was first mooted by former Russian PM Yevgeny Maximovich Primakov and today in the light of the West’s pursuance to militarily interfere citing humanitarian concerns should make the Asian giants realize the need to safeguard their interests (internal and external).

 The power of the 3 nations combined is phenomenal. The 3 nations make up more than 40% of the world’s population and the significant rise in their economies would provide greater nation-to-nation links that would also entail a rise in the economic conditions of all Asian nations as well given that the nations still hold a wealth of natural resources that the West are desperate to take over.

 The total area of the 3 nations is 29.96million sq.kim (22.5% of the total area of the world) – this clearly predicts potential human resources, huge potential of market and rich natural resources between them. China has common borders with Russia and India. If security poses a risk to the three nations individually once the three tie up to form a partnership the entire region will be protected. Russia can keep an eye on NATO while China can watch the USA. The 3 foreign ministers have already kick-started discussions and Sri Lanka must take every opportunity to encourage this partnership at even external ministry level.

 As a possibly move towards that direction no sooner the President of China assumed office he headed to Russia to meet his counter part Putin. Symbolic meaning was that inspite of West’s relationship deteriorating China and Russia’s was not.

 Crux of China’s relationship has always been not to be dependent on any single-nation source. It’s a lesson Sri Lanka simply ignores. Relationships with China means that while China assures a nation they can depend on China, China will seek trade where it is offered the best leverage. These are all hallmarks of straight-forward preconditions which Sri Lanka’s officials again lacks – though Mrs. Sirimavo Bandaranaike managed not only to continue ties with India and Pakistan but had the greatest of relationships with China. The leaders today can certainly take a leaf or two from her book.

 Russia and China are very clear about their common positions on the value of sovereignty in international affairs and China’s own choice of staying out of a countries internal affairs – in particular both will not allow Syria, North Korea and Iran from collapsing. These are clues as to why Sri Lanka needs to continue the ties with China and Russia and forge partnerships that compliments each others security concerns in the entire region.

Small as Sri Lanka is, Sri Lanka is the gateway to East from West and West from East it is thus in an enviable position.

 If the West views Sri Lanka as a geopolitical tool – China, Russia and India’s views cannot be far different. The only problem is our leaders have yet to discover how to use our geopolitical advantage to Sri Lanka’s benefit and Governments continue to neglect the role of its Ports as a strategic logistical tool on all fronts. For starters corruption in these areas need to be seriously looked into from secretary level downward. It moots the need to perhaps consider amalgamating the Defense and External Ministries together given that national security and external affairs are complimentary and need to go hand in hand. Mr. Gomin Dayasri’s father, Mr. N Q Dias was the Secretary of both Defense and External Affairs under the Sirimavo Bandaranaike Government,.

 Moreover, the Asian nations are beginning to see how the West is plotting to again plunder their nations. They have been quick to ponder over the establishing of a new international lending institution to challenge the IMF/World Bank global monopoly with one more suited for the “developing world”.

 The formation of BRICS – Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa has come up with that alternative source of development fund. The BRICS nations have a foreign currency reserve of $4.4trillion and already trade between BRICS nations is about $282billion annually and the 5 nations together make up 17% of global trade.

There is also the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) – all 3 nations are very much involved in it. The more the threesome take a collective stand on international issues the influence of the West would be countered.

 Then in comes the Ugly American – and India is offered permanent member status at the UN Security Council, aligning as America’s ally in Asia – when India is in Asia why would it want to aspire to be selected as an ally. It is India that should be picking its allies given that India is placed in Asia and not America. Then the warmth turns to arm twisting with threats of sanctions if India does not reduce oil imports from Iran. So the US is all out to turn India into another Japan and has to a great extent succeeded given that India was led by a foreigner inclined towards the West and its ideologies. With a nationalist Indian now in power, India needs to wake up and realize it is taking the baton towards the wrong direction and needs to refocus towards East.

 The US visits are clear indications of how hard the US is lobbying to ensure India does not tilt towards China and Russia. Following visits of President Obama and former Secretary of State Hillary, 5 cabinet level US officials have arrived in India in 2012 itself signaling tremendous pressures upon India to turn West and not East. India did however under pressure cancel Walmarts plan to enter India – something Sri Lanka needs to also learn to do. Saying no is sometimes far better than saying yes and regretting later.  

 We have China and India both accelerating rapidly and Russia returning to the great power status it once held – there is no reason why the three cannot combine to make a formidable global force that would help protect themselves and their Asia neighbors. There is no reason why Sri Lanka should not align itself to this block given that we are an Asian nation.

 The Russia-China-India strategic alliance is the best way forward for their own interests and that of the entire Asia region and even the world at large and Sri Lanka’s officials must encourage this at diplomatic levels.

 

 

TOWARDS THE UNBORN

August 21st, 2014

by Suwanda H J Sugunasiri

(In honour of my Kalyana Mitta, the late Prof. Ananda W P Guruge)

————————–

It was high-flying

You decided to go, the

Same way you

Lived, for four score

Plus years, seeking

To pull everyone on your

Path, to fuller heights, if

Not to match yours, but

To one’s own highest, living

In this samsaric

Quagmire, called the world.

 

You let no obstacle

Stand in your way, in

Taking the message

Of the Dhamma, hoisting

The Flag of beloved

Lanka, the UNESCO,

the academic portals,

the public forum,

all on your palm,

inspiring one

inspiring all,

ever there

to give a hand

to share a thought, the

airports of the world

your home to etching

the latest

research, intuiting

the latest

insight, in

between flights,

weaving full flights

of fancy into

three full novels,

another on its way

when Mara sought

your company, bored

with the bland

that come his way.

 

Sharing your smile

You go his way

Confidence oozing

That it won’t be long

Before Mara will have to

Return to his

Well-earned boredom.

 

We your family

We your friends

We the Buddhist world

We the Ambassadors

We the Buddhist Academy

We all the rest

Have not a shred

Of doubt that the

Higher Path

Is awaiting

With a red carpet

For your arrival.

 

May you then, we beseech,

Not rest in peace, until

Until until that

Higher peace

Of the ‘UNBORN’

Is all smiles

In your face!

NOTE: ‘Unborn’ (Pali ajāta) refers to Nibbāna, the goal of a Buddhist.

 

Toronto, Canada

August 17 2014

 

(Buddhist scholar Suwanda H J Sugunasiri is author of three collections of poetry, and the “extraordinary first novel”, Untouchable Woman’s Odyssey.)

The Pathfinder Blueprint for Accelerating Economic Growth and Enhancing Prosperity for Sri Lankans

August 21st, 2014

Pathfinderreform agenda to all political parties look for Presidential and Parliamentary election Manifestos

 Blueprint will be based on over 50 studies commissioned by the Pathfinder Foundation in the past with special emphasis on studies it has undertaken here some Sectorial Highlights Sanwada, Alert, Flash and Blast.

– Growth momentum in Sri Lanka can only be sustained through implementation of a new cycle of reforms

-Private participation in the SOE sector with appointment of competent CEOs; recruitment of qualified professionals for procurement, finance, human resource management and other key managerial positions can assist in Loss Making SOEs.

– The public service has more than doubled In other words, one in every 15 of the total population is now on the government payroll

-Since nationalization of the petroleum sector carry the burden of operating. If is made more efficient through greater competition, its impact on the costs of energy and transport.

– The current Education system has proven to be a failure in terms of achieving without preparing its young people for today’s world.

-Sri Lankans, to live much longer with life expectancy, an increasing 20 years or more in retirement. Challenges, including issues related to the quality of life of pensioners.

 The Pathfinder Foundation (PF) has embarked upon a process to develop a ‘Blueprint’ for accelerating economic growth and development through a coherent strategy and reform program. The primary rationale is to bring to the attention of politicians the need for introducing a reform agenda in their forthcoming Presidential and Parliamentary election Manifestos. In this connection, the Pathfinder Foundation is planning to hand over the final Blueprint to the leadership of all the political parties currently represented in Parliament so that it can inform their deliberations in preparation for their manifestos in the lead-up to the elections anticipated early next year. There will also be outreach to policy-makers, leading professionals, business associations, civil society organizations and other concerned citizens through a series of public workshops, contributions in the press/media and content on the Pathfinder Foundation website. A novel concept of discussing the Blueprint with focus groups within relevant stakeholders is to be introduced to enhance the level of participation in the discourse on sound economic strategies and reforms. A key message to be transmitted will be that good economics is usually good politics, especially in the medium-term. In this respect, it will be highlighted that the window of opportunity created by a new electoral cycle should be seized.

The current strategies adopted by the authorities have been successful in stabilizing the economy with inflation in the mid-single digits; the current account of the balance of payments improving; and external reserves exceeding $9 billion. However, it has also become increasingly clear the economy’s growth framework needs to be strengthened if the target of 8% sustained growth is to be met in a manner that brings about the transformation of the people’s lives. The Pathfinder Foundation Blueprint is intended to assist in developing a new wave of reforms to achieve this objective; and to encourage all stakeholders to campaign for such reforms. A particular focus would be to promote sustainable and inclusive growth, especially in the conflict-affected and other lagging areas.

The Blueprint will be based on over 50 studies commissioned by the Pathfinder Foundation in the past with special emphasis on studies it has undertaken in 2014 covering economic issues such as: export development and diversification; strengthening the conducive climate for foreign and local investment; watering the North Central and Northern provinces; promoting microfinance to empower conflict affected communities; increasing living standards of plantation communities; addressing macroeconomic adjustments and prospects for improving efficiency and productivity of State Owned Enterprises.

These studies have benefited from lively public workshops which have been held (or are about to be held) on each of them. The analysis, diagnostics and recommendations which emerge from this process will form the basis of the Blueprint. There will also be recourse to other relevant material. The preparation of the Blueprint has already been commissioned to the well-known Sri Lankan economist Dr. Sirimal Abeyratne, Professor of Economics from the University of Colombo.

As an independent non-partisan think-tank the Pathfinder Foundation seeks to promote a lively discussion on the way ahead for accelerating the development of this country in order to build consensus among politicians and the general public regarding a commonly accepted package of economic reforms.

Published all article and research Document by the Pathfinder Foundation can read at www.pathfinderfoundation.org and Readers’ comments are welcome at www.pathfinderfoundation.lk

Life Abroad – Part 92 BRAVERY HAS NO BOUNDARIES

August 21st, 2014

Dr. Tilak Fernando

tilakfenandologo

James Emerson Tennent once described “Ceylon” as “an Island in the world that has attracted the attention of authors in so many distant ages and from so many different countries”.

While I was a student in the UK, I made my first trip home after living in London for some years to experience the marvel of my motherland, as I had not travelled far and wide before embarking on studies abroad.

In the bygone past, travelling was confined only to a few privileged sections of the society, even within the country; mostly villagers did travel only during the Sinhala and Tamil New year season visiting relatives to keep up with the old traditions.

First revolution

A lot of water had flowed under the bridge since then. The JVP mayhem in 1970s had brought devastating effects to the country with the loss of many young lives. This was followed by a Tamil youth rebellion from the North and the East, which transformed into The Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE), whose main objective was to dissect the sovereign island. North and the East of the country became ‘out of bounds’ to the Sinhala folks overnight. The Tamil fanatics from the LTTE hounded the few Sinhala families who lived and worked in those areas, along with the Muslims and Sinhala folk in the East, when the terrorist war ‘radicalised’ over a period of thirty long years.

BRAVERYThe circumstances that prevailed during terrorism made Sinhala people believe that they would never be able to visit Jaffna and some parts of the East again for a considerable period of time until and unless the zealotry and extremism was eliminated completely.

In a capacious contrast, Tamil community in general, whether in Jaffna, east or anywhere in the country, enjoyed freedom of travel from north to south and east to west, with the bonus of having the choice of settling down and engaging in micro and macro economies on every urban area and town, the majority forming ‘ghettos’ in Colombo conurbation.

The LTTE advanced their terrorist activities ostensibly by progressing to such lengths of inventing the lethal ‘suicide belt'; they developed maritime warfare with Sea Tigers, attempted aerial attacks with ‘home-made’ lighter aircraft and engaged in suicide bombing, massacres, robberies, ethnic cleansing, military battles and assassinations of civilians including infants, the old and the sick, political leaders and military officials unpredictably.

On May 14, 1985, the LTTE delimited the bus-depot at Anuradhapura and slaughtered many civilians, then moved into the Sri Maha Bodhi expanse and gunned down nuns, monks and worshipping pilgrims within the sacred premises and massacred altogether 146 Sinhalese men, women, children on a single day.

Subsequent to this extreme incident, I visited Sri Lanka on holiday from the UK and travelled to Anuradhapura where my two brothers ‘MR’ & ‘MG’ were based. Their official capacity afforded me the opportunity of visiting many places, which I had never seen before.

‘MG’ being a Civil Engineer attached to the National Housing and ‘MR’ as the Regional Director of Territorial Civil Engineering Organisation (later Director – Highways) had exclusive access to many areas in the Province. I thoroughly enjoyed being taken around to show many ancient ruins of historical importance, in the city of Anuradhapura and Polonnaruwa, in the capacity of a ‘tourist’!

Brave sentry

‘MG’ one evening came out with a captivating story of a Sri Lankan villager who had bravely confronted a Tamil Tiger terrorist during the Anuradhapura massacre and how he had managed to escape death! Later he ushered me to R. K. Herath at the ‘Uda Maluwa’ where this brave and innocent villager was seated dedicatedly and guarding the shrine room continuously despite such horrific experiences in the past.

Startling story

Listening to his gruesome experience made my hair stand on end! This innocent man had sensed something strange was taking place at first, but got very much alarmed when he heard the sounds of gunfire inside the sacred compound. The LTTE terrorists had by then gone berserk and were spraying bullets from automatic rifles indiscriminately killing the young, old and the clergy in saffron robes without any mercy.

In a mighty rush, excitement and fear of death to his own life, Herath had tried to close the main door of the shrine room, but had only managed to secure only one half of the entrance when a LTTE terrorist in combat uniform burst into the sacred shrine room, pushed him to a side forcibly and taken the aim at the Buddha sculpture to destroy the statuette.

Brave suppliant

Herath said he could not possibly stomach what was going to happen. In a split second decision he had jumped forward, risking his own life and bravely hung on to the barrel of the machine gun while pulling it away from the terrorist’s target and at the same time yelling: “Ane Mahattayo, Buduhamuduruwantanam vedi thiayanna epa” (please sir, I beg of you not to shoot at the Buddha statue).

Herath had been jubilant momentarily that he managed to divert the direction of the gun as soon as the terrorist started spraying bullets from the machine gun, but within seconds this courageous man had realised he had been shot through the thigh muscle of his leg!

Apparently several bullets from the terrorist’s machine gun had penetrated through his thigh muscle causing profuse bleeding! Miraculously he escaped death as the terrorist had escaped after the frenzy. Subsequently, Herath had been rushed to the Anuradhapura hospital by some rescuers and the doctors at the hospital had managed to remove several bullets from his thigh muscle.

When I came face to face with Herath, he had fully recovered and continued to perform his dedicated up keep duties at the shrine room at Uda Maluwa. By then, the authorities had taken preventative steps of shielding the Buddha statue with a bulletproof glass pane.

He stretched out his left leg with difficulty to show me the seven-inch long scar of the bullet wounds, results of his brave act of facing a coldblooded LTTE terrorist. Although his life had been saved, this seven-inch long mutilation of the bullet wound on his thigh muscle held testimony to this unsung hero’s daring act.

My attempt to photograph his wounded thigh area to show to the world at large the gravity of what he had suffered became a problematic performance as Herath was not very flexible to move about and could only sit at a certain angle due to gunshot wounds, yet he continued his steadfast and faithful service of guarding the Buddha statue and the shrine room at the Sri Maha Bodhi, Uda Maluwa, in Anuradhapura until I left Sri Lanka.

To me, R.K. Herath appeared as the most fragrant flower at the Uda Maluwa shrine area, out of hundreds of other conspicuous flowers in display in front of the tranquil Buddha statue.

Situation change

Dr. Noel Nadesan, a Tamil expatriate domiciled in Australia, who edited the Tamil community newspaper, UTHAYAM, for 14 years had once confessed thus: “My experiences in dealing with the Tamil community, both in Australia and in Sri Lanka, make me feel sad about the callous way in which the media is exploiting the suffering of our Tamil people for self-serving ends”.

Change of wind

In 2014, however, when he visited Sri Lanka he published an enthralling article in the Colombo Telegraph website on March 21, 2014 under the caption ‘Winds change in Jaffna’ which read in part as follows:

“Thirty years of terror and violence perpetrated by LTTE were brought to an end by President Mahinda Rajapaksa. Whether we like him or not, we have to concede to this hard fact. The ending of a war is a defining moment, which opens up new possibilities. This is not a small achievement. Ending a war proved to be as difficult as waging a war. The frustrated Tamil Diaspora who financed Prabhakaran’s futile war decided to pursue the war through other means. They went on the warpath from abroad. They decided to fight from the safe shores”.

“I have visited Jaffna 13 times in the last five years. But nothing signified the change better than the international symbol I saw in Jaffna when I visited the place last, in January 2014. For the first time ever I saw one of the best international symbols in the heart of Jaffna. It was the face of the bearded Colonel of Kentucky Fried Chicken. It was a giant leap for Jaffna to abandon the traditional “porichci koli” and go for KFC. This, to me is the ultimate symbol of Jaffna breaking away from the feudal past and arriving at last in the 21st century”.

“We travelled from north to south and east to west. There is a palpable change that you can feel and see. Just not the roads but the attitude and the new spirit that is visible in the faces”.

www.youtube.com/watch?v=ffzokn0LohI (depicts a clear picture of the Anuradhapura massacre).

tilakfernando@gmail.com

The Buddhist Ideals of Government

August 21st, 2014

Gunaseela Vitanage Bodhi Leaf No. 11 Buddhist Publication Society Kandy • Sri Lanka

Buddhist Ideals of Government

“Our ancient kings considered hitherto the practice of virtue as their only duty; they knew how to rule without being severe and honoured the Three Jewels; they governed and helped the world, and were happy if men practised righteousness. For myself I desire respectfully, in concert with the son of heaven, to magnify the Good Law in order to save beings from the evil of continued existence (in samsara).”

Letter sent to the Chinese emperor
by king Manasam of Ceylon in 423 A.D.

Buddhism, like any other religion, lays emphasis on spiritual values rather than on material ones; on detachment from things of the world rather than on attachment to them; on the religious side of life rather than on the secular side of it. Buddhism does not, however, neglect the material, the secular and the worldly aspects of life altogether. In fact, there is a Discourse in the Buddhist Scriptures, that has been called the Gihi Vinaya or Code of Discipline for Laymen, wholly devoted to the householder’s life. [1] It sets out in detail the layman’s duties towards his neighbours and also the methods of disciplining himself to be a good and useful citizen. The Buddhist Scriptures also set out certain norms of conduct for rulers as well as for subjects. They also contain references to various forms of government, prevailing in India at the time, and, significantly, the Buddha’s own words expressing his preference of the democratic form of government.

It must be remembered that the Buddha was born into a society which, comparatively speaking, was politically advanced, and which through the ages had developed certain very sound ideals of government. In the Manu Neeti or the Code of Manu, the Hindus already had laws hallowed by time to guide them in their civic duties. Incidentally, “Manu,” like Moses of the Bible, was the mythical lawgiver of the Indian people. These laws discussed not only the rights of the rulers, but also their duties towards their subjects. They also discussed the obligations of the subjects towards the rulers and also their rights. It is, therefore, necessary to have some idea about the Hindu views of government if we are to appreciate the Buddhist ideals of government.

Matsya Nyaya

The Hindu ideas of government were based on a theory called the matsya nyaya, literally meaning the “law of fish”.

The term matsya nyaya can be more appropriately rendered into English by the expression the “law of the jungle.”—“Why should there be governments in the world at all?” “Why should there be some men to rule over other men?” “Why should there be laws which men were required to obey on pain of punishment?” The Hindu thinkers answered these questions by pinpointing a fundamental law of nature: “The Matsya Nyaya,” the law whereby the small fish becomes the prey of the big fish. Government, rulers and laws are necessary to prevent this natural law from operating in human society. Remove the government, remove the rulers and remove the laws, and human society will degenerate into a state of anarchy in which the stronger will destroy the weak. “If there is no rule of law,” says the Manu Samhita, “the strong would devour the weak like fishes.” “If there is no ruler to wield punishment on earth” says the Mahabharata, “the strong would devour the weak like fishes in water. It is related that in the days of old people were ruined through sovereignlessness, devouring one another like the stronger fish preying upon the feebler.”

It will be seen that this Hindu theory of government was based on a belief in the innate depravity of man. If there is no strong authority to keep men under control, the stronger would destroy the weaker, just as the big fish destroy the small fish in the sea. Government, rulers and laws become necessary to prevent this “matsya nyaya” operating in human society.

This theory of government naturally led to the corollary that there must be a controlling authority, and that authority must be vested with power to inflict punishment or, danda,

The Hindu monarch was thus enjoined to adopt caturopaya or the four-fold policy in ruling over the people: Sama, dana, danda, bheda. Sama means peace: the wise ruler must maintain peace among his subjects. Dana means charity: the wise ruler must be charitable. Danda means punishment: the wise ruler must punish the wrong done according to the gravity of the crime. Bheda means creating division where necessary: the wise ruler must bring about differences among his subjects in order to make his position secure. In other words, he must adopt the “divide and rule” policy.

Amity

The Buddha differed radically from the Hindu view that matsya nyaya is the basic law of nature. He certainly saw the struggle for existence that was so evident in life but this he attributed to man’s ignorance rather than to his innate depravity. The Blessed One also saw that man was ever ready to live in peace and amity with his fellow beings, to co-operate with his fellow beings, and even to sacrifice himself for the sake of his fellow beings, provided he was properly guided. In the Buddha’s view it was not discipline imposed from above or external authority that was necessary to control man, but self-understanding and inward discipline.

The law of the jungle was certainly not universal even in the jungle. There was amity and co-operation even among the animals in the jungle—as the Buddha points out in several Jataka stories.

Owing to this fundamental difference in outlook between Hinduism and Buddhism, we see that Buddhism lays little or no emphasis on authority (bala) or punishment (danda). For example, we observe that instead of the caturopaya or the four-fold policy of sama, dana, danda, bheda of the Hindus, the Buddhist scriptures speak of, the catus-sangraha vastu (Pali: catu-sangaha-vatthu), or the four ways of treating subjects. They are, dana or charity; priya-vacana or kind speech; artha cariya, or the spirit of frugality and of service, and samanatmata or equality.

Thus, according to Buddhism the virtuous king should practise dana or charity. Charity here includes not only the alms given to the poor but also gifts given to those who serve the monarch loyally. The virtuous king also must practise priyavacana, or kind speech. He must on no account use unkindly or harsh words towards anyone.

The king also must cultivate artha cariya. The word artha cariya has been interpreted to mean the spirit of service as well as the practice of economy and living the simple life. The good king or ruler also must cultivate samanatmata or equality. That is, while retaining the exalted position of the ruler, he must consider himself in no way superior to the least of his subjects, and he must also learn to dispense justice to his subjects without fear or favour. The righteous monarch must also learn to treat everyone equally.

Dasa Raja Dharma

In the dasa-raja-dharma or the ten royal virtues, the Buddhist ideal of kingship is further elaborated upon. The ten royal virtues are dana, charity; sila, morality; pariccaga, munificence; ajjavan, straightforwardness; majjavan, gentleness; tapam, restraint; akkodho, non-hatred; avihimsa, non-violence; khanti, patience, and avirodhata, friendliness and amity.

Dana in this context means giving of alms to the needy. It is the duty of the king to look after the welfare of his needy subjects, and to give them food, clothing and other wherewithals.

Sila here means morality. The monarch must so conduct himself in private and public, life as to be a shining example to his subjects.

Pariccaga means the grant of gifts to those who serve the monarch loyally. By the grant of gifts not only does the monarch acknowledge their efficient and loyal service, but he also spurs them on to more efficient and more loyal service.

Ajjavan means that the monarch must be absolutely straightforward. The good king must never take recourse to any crooked or doubtful means to achieve his ends. His yea must be yea, and nay must be nay.

Majjavan means gentleness. The monarch’s straightforwardness and rectitude that often will require firmness, should be tempered with gentleness. His gentleness will keep his firmness from being over-harsh or even cruel, while his firmness will keep gentleness from turning into weakness. A harmonious balance of these two qualities is essential not only for a ruler but for all leaders of men.

Tapan means the restraint of senses. The ideal monarch is the one who keeps his five senses under strict control, shunning indulgence in sensual pleasures.

Akkodha means non-hatred. The good king must not harbour grievances against those who injured him, but must act with forbearance and love.

Avihimsa means non-violence. The Monarch should not indulge in games where killing is resorted to, or cause injury to any being. He must practise non-violence to the greatest possible extent that is reconcilable with the duties of a ruler.

Khanti means patience, The king must conduct himself with patience, courage and fortitude on all occasions. In joy and sorrow, in prosperity and in adversity, in victory and defeat, he must conduct himself with calmness and dignity without giving in to emotions.

Avirodhata means non-enmity, friendship. The king must cultivate the spirit of amity among his subjects, by himself acting always in a spirit of amity and benevolence. It will be seen that avirodhata is in this context opposed to bheda—the divide and rule policy in the Hindu statecraft.

The Buddha also laid emphasis on the fact that the evil and the good of the people depend on the behaviour of their rulers; and for the good of the people he set out these ten royal virtues to be practised by the rulers of men.

Simple though this looks to us, it must be viewed from the point of view of contemporary society where the Brahmin hierarchy divided the society permanently into various castes, and gave religious sanction to that division. No doubt the Buddha had in mind the claims of the Brahmins that they were a unique people being “twice-born“ once in the natural way and again from the shoulder of the creator himself.

Equality

The Buddha’s rejection of caste and class was not merely theoretical. He admitted men of all castes into the Order. Upali, a former barber, Sunita a former outcaste, found honoured places in the Order.

The Buddha says: “Monks, just as all the great rivers, that is to say the Ganges, the Jammu, the Aciravati, the Sarabhu, the Mahi, on reaching the great ocean lose their former names and identities and are reckoned as the great ocean, similarly the Kshatriya, the Brahmana, the Vaisya and the Sudra, after entering this Sangha lose their former identities, and become the members of one Order.”

The Chinese pilgrims Fa-Hien, Yuan Chang and I-Ttsing tell us that these democratic and equalitarian concepts were still fostered in India centuries after the great decease of the Buddha.

“Oriental” Despotism

The constant reference by Western writers to oriental despotism has created the impression in the English reader’s mind that until the advent of the Europeans there was no good or popular government in Asian lands and that with rare exceptions like the reign of Asoka it was a case of despotic monarchs tyrannising over a helpless people. The study of both Hindu and Buddhist literature shows that among the Indian rulers there were certainly not more (and probably less) pleasure-seeking despots than among their Western counterparts. Ancient Indian society was, no doubt, feudal—but it was also a co-operative society. The type of oppression of the peasant by the lord as was witnessed in France before the French Revolution was never seen within the boundaries of Hindu or Buddhist India.

Story of Ummadayanti

The story of Ummadayanti in the Jatakamala illustrates this point very well.

The Bodhisattva was once born into the Royal family of the Sibis and in due time became the king of the Sibis. One day while touring the city with his retinue he saw Ummadayanti, one of the most beautiful women among the Sibis and fell in love with her at first sight. But to the chagrin of the king he learned that Ummadayanti was already married. He also learned that the husband was no other than Abhiparaga, one of the officers of the Royal household itself.

The king felt quite ashamed of his sudden passion for a woman who was married, and kept the knowledge of it to himself, and tried his best to extinguish the flame of love which arose in his heart.

The king thus suffered in silence because of the love he had for Ummadayanti. Abhiparaga, however, came to know about the king’s condition and the reason for it. One day he approached the king while he was alone and broached the subject in a most tactful way. Abhiparaga told the king that he was very well aware of the reason for the king’s poor condition and suggested to the king most respectfully that the king accept Ummadayanti as his consort.

The king was confounded and was stricken with shame. The secret love that was gnawing his heart was now known to the husband of the very woman whom he loved. And, here he was himself offering her to him, his king, because of the love and devotion Abhiparaga had for him.

“No, no,” said the king, “that may not be. I would lose my merit and would know myself to be immoral. Further my wicked deed would be known also to the public”.

Abhiparaga argued again and again with the king with a view to convincing him that he was doing no wrong in accepting Ummadayanti from his hands.

The king finally said, “No doubt, it is your great affection for me that prompts you to the effort to promote my interest without considering what is right and wrong on your aide. But this very consideration induces me the more to prevent you. Verily, indifference as to the censure of men cannot at any rate be approved”.

The king continued, “The evil and good the people do depend on the behaviour of their rulers. For this reason, and taking into account the attachment of my subjects, I shall continue to love the path of the pious above all in conformity with my reputation.

“As the herd goes after the leading bull in any direction, whether the right one or the wrong one, following his steps in the very same manner, the subjects imitate the behaviour of their rulers without scruple and undauntedly.

“You must take also this into consideration.

“If I should lack the power of ruling my own self, say, into what condition would I bring this people who long for protection from my side.

“Thus considering and regardful of the good of my subjects, my own righteousness and my spotless fame, I do not allow myself to submit to my passion. I am the leader of my subjects, the bull of my herd.”

The Buddha in this story showed how a king should conduct himself.

Firstly, he must, put his private passions aside in the interest of the people.

Secondly, he must always pay heed to public opinion.

Thirdly, there must not be any divorce between his private life and his public life—both must be without blemish.

Fourthly, he must always be regardful of the good of the subjects.

Fifthly he must give the correct leadership in all matters to the people.

Elsewhere the Buddha says that whether a nation is just and good depends on the conduct of the rulers.

“Monks, when the ruler of a country is just and good, the ministers become just and good. When the ministers are just and good, the higher officials become just and good. When the higher officials become just and good, the rank and file become just and good. And, when the rank and file become just and good, the people become just and good.”

It was a belief among the Buddhists that even rains came in due season when the rulers are just and good.

Democracy

Having said so much about the ideals of kingship in Buddhism, we must ask ourselves whether Buddhism considers monarchy itself as the ideal form of government. During the Buddha’s time there were a number of great kingdoms, in India, such as Magadha and Kosala. There were also a number of democratic states at the time. The Buddha has definitely expressed himself in favour of the democratic form of government and also expressed the view that it was a form of government which was conducive to the stability of society.

Referring to the preparations made by king Ajatasattu to attack one of these democratic principalities—that of the Vajjians—the Buddha said:

“Ananda, have you heard that the Vajjians regularly assemble together in large numbers?”

“I have heard so,” said the Venerable Ananda.

“Well Ananda, so long as the Vajjians assemble regularly and in large numbers, just so long may the prosperity of the Vajjians be looked for and not their decay.

“So long, Ananda, as the Vajjians assemble in harmony and disperse in harmony; so long as they conduct their business in harmony; so long as they introduce no revolutionary ordinance or break up no established ordinance, but abide by the law; so long as they honour, revere, esteem and worship the elders among the Vajjians and deem them worthy of listening to; so long as the women and maidens can go about, without being molested or abducted; so long as they honour, revere, esteem and worship the Vajjian shrines, both the inner and the outer; as long as they allow not the customary offerings given and performed, to be neglected; so long as customary watch and ward over the holy men that are among them is well kept, so that they may have free access to the realm and having entered may dwell pleasantly therein, just so long as they do these things, Ananda, may the prosperity of the Vajjians be looked for and not their decay.”

That Buddhism helped greatly in the evolution of democratic forms of government in ancient India is borne out by what the Marquess of Zetland, a former Viceroy of India, says in his introduction to the book Legacy of India. Lord Zetland says:

“We know indeed that political science—Arthasastra in Sanskrit—was a favourite subject with Indian scholars some centuries before the Christian Era. The social contract as the origin of kingship is discussed in the now famous work attributed to Kautilya, the Chief minister of emperor Chandragupta, about the year 300 B.C. And it would seem that the people who contracted for a king in these early days did so in order that there should be some external authority capable of ensuring that the laws and regulations of the various corporate bodies which had come into existence, were respected. ’The king,’ wrote Yajñavalkya, ’must discipline and establish again on the path of duty all such as have erred from their own laws, whether families, castes, guilds or associations …’ It is notable that the tendency towards self-government evidenced by these various forms of corporate activity received fresh impetus from the Buddhist rejection of authority of the priesthood and further by the doctrine of equality as exemplified by its repudiation of caste. It is indeed to the Buddhist books that we have to turn for an account of the manner in which the affairs of these early examples of representative self-governing institutions were conducted. And it may come as a surprise to many to learn that in the assemblies of the Buddhists in India two thousand or more years ago are to be found the rudiments of our own parliamentary practice of the present day. The dignity of the assembly was preserved by the appointment of a special officer—the embryo of ’Mr. Speaker’ in our House of Commons. A second officer was appointed whose duty it was: to see that when necessary a quorum was secured, the prototype of the parliamentary chief whip in our own system. A member initiating business did so in the form of a motion which was then open to discussion. In some cases this was done once only, in others three times, thus anticipating the practice of parliament in requiring that a bill be read a third time before it became law. If discussion disclosed a difference of opinion the matter was decided by the vote of majority, the voting being by ballot.”

In the context of the knowledge we now have about the democracies in ancient India, the Buddha’s appreciative reference to the Vajjian Republic is most significant.

As Lord Zetland says, the Buddha’s doctrine of equality made a profound impression on the social and political life of the Indian people—and the influence lasted for nearly 14 centuries. In the Sutta Nipata, we find the following statement of the Buddha:

“Vasettha” (he replied), ”I will expound
To you in gradual and very truth
Division in the kind of living things.
For kinds divide! Behold the grass and trees.
They reason not, yet they possess the mark
After their kind; for kinds, indeed divide.
Consider then the beetles, moths and ants,
They after their kind too possess the mark.
And so four-footed creatures, great and small …
The reptiles, snakes, the long-backed animals,
Fish and pond-feeders, water-denizens,
Birds and the winged creatures, fowls of the air,
They after their kind all possess the mark;
For kinds divide. Each after his kind bears
His mark. In man it is not manifold.
Not in the hair, or head or ears or eyes,
Not in the mouth or nose or lips or brows,
Not in the throat, hips, belly or the back,
Not in the rump, sex organs or the breast,
Not in hands or feet, fingers or nails,
Not in the legs or thighs, colour or voice,
Is mark that forms his kind, as in all else.
Nothing unique is in men’s bodies found;
The difference in men is nominal.” (Sutta-nipata)

Twenty centuries before the revolutionaries of France raised the standard of “liberty, fraternity and equality,” the Buddha had enunciated these very values as essentials of good government!


Notes

  1. Sigalovada Sutta: translated in Everyman’s Ethics, The Wheel No. 14. [Back]

Courtesy: Bodhi Leaf No. 11

Buddhist Publication Society,

Kandy

 

ගී සිළුමිණ – දෙවන කොටස​

August 21st, 2014

Âsiri Bandara

සිංහල ගී කෙත සැරසූ ඔබ අප රසවිඳි අපූර්වතම හරවත් ගී සමුච්ඡයක රසය සහ ගීතයේ කතාව පිළිබඳව විවරණයක් සමඟින් ඔබට එම ගී තව තවත් සමීප කර වන්නට අපි ගන්න පුංචි උත්සාහයක් තමයි ගී සිළුමිණ. 
 
 මේ සඳහා දායක වන්නේ හෙළ ගී කෙත පෝෂණය කරන්නට තම නිර්මාන දායකත්වය නිර්ලෝභීව පුදන ගේය පද රචක සහ කාව්‍යය රචක ලන්ඩන් විහාර වාසී පූජ්‍යය කෝන්වැවේ අරියරතන ස්වාමින් වහන්සේ. 
 
ගී සිළුමිණ මෙවර සංවාදයට ගන්නේ සංගීත විශාරද සුනිල් එදිරිසිංහයන් ගයන “වන්නි වනපෙතේ” නම් වූ අපූරු ගීයයි. බලන්න මේ ගීයේ පසුපස ඇති ශෝචනීය පුවතේ ඔබ අපි සැවොම අඩු වැඩි වශයෙන් හෝ කොටස් කාරයෝ නොවේද කියලා. මෙය අසා රස විඳ කරුණාකර ඔබේ අදහස් අපට දන්වන්න
 
 කරුණාකර මෙය රස විඳ ඔබ දන්නා සිංහල ගීයට ලැදි සැමට බෙදා හරින්න​. 


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