Indian author bats for free mingling of people

October 5th, 2016

By NJ Thakuria

Guwahati: Prominent Assamese writer, who is an Arunachali by native, Yeshe Dorjee Thongchi opposes the idea of inner line permit (ILP) arrangement, which is presently applied to three northeastern States namely Mizoram, Nagaland and Arunachal Pradesh.

Attending the ‘Guest of the Month’ program of Guwahati Press Club  on

4 October 2016, the Sahitya Academi awardee author argued that free movements of native citizens inside a country should not be opposed.

Thongchi strongly batted for mingling of the people of different origins.

Answering queries from the scribes in the interactive session, Thongchi clarified that he would not comment on the present movements going on in Manipur and Meghalaya for the ILP, but he is convinced that the present laws in his home State are effective enough to safeguard the interest of the indigenous people.

The prolific author argued that the initial idea of imposing ILP was to prevent criminal & anti-locals entering into a particular State, but today the concept is changed. Now the threat is no longer from the outsiders, but the alternate media which poses real danger to the indigenous cultures across the globe.

A retired top-ranked bureaucrat, Thongchi started his literary pursuit since his school days. Although his mother tongue is a dialect called Sherdukpen spoken by few thousand families in Arunachal, Thongchi started practicing his writings in Assamese language as it was the medium of instruction in NEFA schools those days.

The soft spoken gentleman, while speaking about the replacement of Assamese language in Arunachal’s medium of instruction, Thongchi clarified that it was not because of any conspiracy hatched by the Hindi lobby. The widely recognized author disclosed that actually the English replaced it as the medium. Hindi is taught in Arunachal schools as a subject only.

Born in 1952 in west Kameng, Thongchi completed his schooling in Arunachal Pradesh and later sfifted to Assam for higher education in Cotton College and Gauhati University. After graduation,  Thongchi was  appointed as an Arunachal Pradesh Civil Service officer and later inducted to the Indian Administrative Service in 1992.

Immensely popular with Assamese readers through his literary works like  ‘Mauna Oath Mukhar Hriday’, ‘Sonam’, ‘Beeh Konyar Deshat’, ‘Shaw Kota Manuh’, ‘Moi Akou Janam Lom’, ‘Papor Pukhuri’, ‘Banh Foolar Gondha’ etc, Thongchi has received a number of awards including Bhasha Bharati, Phulchand Khandelwal Sanghati, Basudev Jalan besides Sahitya Akademi.

Thongchi was honored with a traditional Assamese Zapi and Gamocha at the beginning of the interactive session, which witnessed the presence of many senior journalists like Rupam Barua, Ranen Kumar Goswami, Girindra Karjee, Nava Thakuria along with writer  Jagadindra Raichoudhury, Surya Das, Ahsan Majid, Archana Bhattacharya etc.

Sri Lanka accedes to the Marrakesh Treaty to increase access to books, magazines and other printed materials for persons with print disabilities

October 5th, 2016

Permanent Mission of Sri Lanka to the UN, Geneva

Sri Lanka on Wednesday ( 5 October 2016) became the 24th country to accede to the Marrakesh Treaty to Facilitate Access to Published Works for Persons Who Are Blind, Visually Impaired or Otherwise Print Disabled.  Sri Lanka’s Permanent Representative to the UN in Geneva Ambassador Ravinatha Aryasinha, handed over the instrument of accession to the Director General of the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) Dr. Francis Gurry, during the ongoing 56th Series of Meetings of Assemblies of the Member States of WIPO, 3-11 October 2016 in Geneva.

More than 75 WIPO member states have signed the Treaty, which entered into force on 30 September 2016, 3 months following the ratification of the 20th country. The Marrakesh Treaty is envisaged to facilitate the availability of published works in accessible formats for the people who are blind, visually impaired, and print disabled. – such as Braille – through limitations and exceptions to the rights of copyright right holders. The Treaty is also designed to provide assurances to authors and publishers that their published works will not be misused or distribution to anyone other than the intended beneficiaries.

Earlier delivering Sri Lanka’s country statement at the Meeting of Assemblies on Tuesday, Ambassador Aryasinha said, enabling legislation will soon be introduced in Sri Lanka’s Parliament to amend the National Copyright Laws to facilitate access to published work for persons who are blind, visually impaired or print disabled. He also provided an update on Sri Lanka – WIPO cooperation in implementing a 10 Point Action Plan, which was embarked upon in November 2013 during the visit of Director General of the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) Dr. Francis Gurry, to Sri Lanka.

Ambassador Aryasinha said a Steering Committee on Intellectual Property (SCIP) chaired by the Secretary of the Ministry of Industry and Commerce  established last year, continued to have an exchange of views with WIPO officials in Geneva every two months through a video conference, to assess progress in the implementation of the 10 Point Action Plan.

He said, among the projects being operationalized – Sri Lanka was selected as one of the four pilot countries to participate in the CDIP Project titled “Intellectual Property, Tourism and Culture”, coordinated by the Sri Lanka Tourism Development Authority (SLTDA) and a WIPO Mission undertaken in May 2016 brought together the main stakeholders to create a National Steering Committee for the implementation of this Project. WIPO Missions had also been undertaken to Sri Lanka in June to support the creation of Intellectual Property Hubs (IP Hubs) bringing together a group of stakeholders from public and private sectors. A Mission in June also provided technical assistance in the development of a National Innovation Index. An IP Office Diagnostics Mission was undertaken in August to make an assessment of the capacity and resources of the National Intellectual Property Office (NIPO) and to enhance the IP registration system in Sri Lanka. The Government expects to complete accession to the Madrid Agreement and Protocol for the International Registration of Marks by end of 2017/early 2018 and a Madrid awareness raising session is scheduled for November 2016. An inter-Ministerial Working Group is also to be set up, supported by WIPO, in order to achieve the objectives of formulating a national policy for the protection of Traditional Knowledge, Genetic Resources, and Traditional Cultural expressions.

Director General of the National Intellectual Property Office of Sri Lanka, Mrs. Geethanjali Ranawaka, Deputy Permanent Representative Mrs. Samantha Jayasuriya, Counsellor Ms. Sashika Somaratne, and Second Secretary Ms. Dilini Gunasekera participated in this session.

Permanent Mission of Sri Lanka

Geneva

Sri Lanka: Ahmadiyya delegation met Governor of Southern Province

October 5th, 2016

By A. Abdul Aziz  Press Secretary.Ahmadiyya Muslim Jama’at Sri Lanka

 I am in searching of such a Holy Book and will read it in full – remarks Dr. Hemakumara Nanayakara, Governor of Southern Province.

 A four member delegation from the Ahmadiyya Muslim Jama’at Sri Lanka (AMJSL) comprising Mr.A. Abdul Aziz, Press Secretary and National Director Faith Outreach – AMJSL, Moulavi A.B. Musthaq Ahmad – Chief Missionary (AMJSL), Moulavi K.M. Munir Ahmad (Missionary – Pasyala) and Murabbi Javid Raheem, visited Galle and Mathara of Souhern Province of Sri Lanka recently,

The delegation visited Richmond College and met Royal de Silva, Deputy Principal. While accepting the copy of Holy Qur’an Sinhala Translation he said: A necessary one and added these days people are quarrelling each other for unnecessary issues and he will be pleased to have such a valuable book.

The delegation visited Galle Municipal Council and met Mr. Ranil Wickramasekara – Commissioner. He accepted Holy Qur’an Sinhala Translation with due respect.

While accepting the copy of Holy Qur’an Sinhala Translation, Mr. U.L. Nanayakara, Deputy Principal of Vidyaloka College said: Our children should know what religions teach – not only their on religion, but also they should know what other religion say. He went on to say that this is the foundation for the religious harmony.

While accepting the copy of Holy Qur’an Sinhala Translation, Mrs Swarnalatha Annasiwathe, Deputy Principal, Sangamitha Balika Maha Viyalaya informed that she did not find any source to have such a holy book even though she contacted Muslim friends.

The delegation visited Governor’s Office at Galle and met Honorable Dr. Hemakumara Nanyakara. While accepting the copy of Holy Qur’an Sinhala Translation, he remarked: I am in searching of such a Holy Book and will read it in full and hailed the task of Ahmadiyya Community in translating Holy Qur’an in sinhala language. He accepted with due respect.

The delegation proceeded to Chief Minister’s Office and had the opportunity to meet Honorable Shan Wijeyalal de Slve to present the copy of Holy Qur’an Sinhala Translation. He accepted with due respect.

Ahmadiyya delegation visited Open University, Galle Region and Vice Chancellor Office Ruhunu University, Mathara. In both places, Holy Qur’an Sinhala Translation presented.

The delegation met Mr. I.D.K.L. Fernando, Senior Asst. Librarian of Ruhunu University, Mathara. He showed interest on current situation of the world and the lack of peace. He was explained in detail about the tireless efforts being made by the Khalifa and the Ahmadiyya worldwide leader, Hazrat Mirza Masroor Ahmad, by spreading the true teachings of Islam through various means, particularly addressing lawmakers at Capitol Hill, EU Parliament, in Ireland Parliament, and recently the Dutch Parliament. He was informed about the gist of His Holiness’ address during the recent Dutch Parliament visit.

Further pointed out about the unique feature of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community and said that this is the only Community which has Spiritual Leadership and termed as ““ONE COMMUNITY – ONE LEADER’. He added that the Community’s motto is ’LOVE FOR ALL; HATRED FOR NONE’.

In the end, the delegation visited RUHUNU SERVICE (A FM Radio Station and met Radio Presenter. He was very much pleased to get the copy of  Holy Qur’an Sinhala Translation.

During the visit, Ahmadiyya delegation visited number of schools namely Sudhrama Maha Vidyalaya, Thomas Galle school, St. Aloysius’ College and Kumarathunga Munidasa Public Lbrary.

To all of them, along copy of the Sinhala Translation of the Holy Qur’an with some other literatures including Peace Messages in Sinhala were presented.

People should read and understand this Holy Book – that is our prayers and wish.

 

  • Abdul Aziz – Press Secretary.

If Pentagon paid $540m to PR firms for false videos – Who is behind the C4 videos against Sri Lanka?

October 4th, 2016

Shenali D Waduge

They say, the first to be killed at wars is the truth. The discovery of the US Government paying foreign firms to produce lies that have justified illegal wars and occupations leading to the suffering and displacement of so many is certainly of concern. Tragically, the mainstream media are silent and the big mouths wailing about human rights and freedoms are also silent as are many others. This now raises the question of how credible the C4 videos on Sri Lanka are timed perfectly before Geneva Resolutions and now gone into silent mode! US tax dollars are being used to make false films and videos. Manufactured news is not ethical. Playing with people’s minds is unfair. It has justified false wars and illegal occupations and even regime change. People have every right to be questioning – nothing is as it is or is shown to be.

The USA pattern of lies, deceits, and pretends know no ends, and will continue until people wake up and begin questioning the lies.

A joint investigation by the Sunday Times and the Bureau of Investigative Journalism claims that the US White House tasked Bell Pontinger to make fake terrorist videos in Iraq as part of an enormous propaganda campaign between 2007 and 2011. Bell Pontinger took $540m to fabricate short TV segments inside the US camp in Iraq with 300 British and Iraqi staff. Bell Pontinger staff reported to the CIA, the National Security Council and the Pentagon on the project with a mandate to portray Al-Qaeda in a negative light and track suspected sympathizers. Bell Pontinger was used because US law prohibits the government from using propaganda on its population.

Colour labels distinguished the type of operation – Grey ops – television commercials showing Al Qaeda negatively shown as designed by Arabic TV. The CDs would be taken by US marines and dropped at houses they raided.  Read more at http://thefreethoughtproject.com/pentagon-fake-terrorist-videos/#0MC5d5cuu2t7YG6M.99

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In 2009, it was reported that the Pentagon had hired controversial PR firm, The Rendon Group, to monitor the reporting of journalists embedded with the U.S. military, to assess whether they were giving “positive” coverage to its missions. Talk about media freedom!

Washington based PR company the Lincoln Group had been placing articles in newspapers in Iraq which were secretly written by the US military. Where’s the access to the war for journalists if these coverages are written by US military?

Please listen to Martin Wells who reveals what he was tasked to do. http://labs.thebureauinvestigates.com/fake-news-and-false-flags/

Ron Paul Institute for Peace & Prosperity in their facebook asks

“Did you ever wonder about those Osama bin Laden videos, or beheading videos, or other “al-Qaeda” videos? Turns out you were right to be suspicious. The Pentagon paid a UK public relations firm half a billion dollars to make fake terrorist propaganda and false-flag videos, some of which came back to the United States to propagandize us. Do you feel safer? Money well spent?”

This takes us back to 2010 when CIA admitted staging fake Jihadist videos in 2010

http://asheepnomore.net/2014/09/04/cia-admitted-to-staging-fake-jihadist-videos-in-2010-questions-arise-after-experts-say-foley-isis-beheading-video-likely-staged/

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In another 2010 Washington Post article authored by former Army Intelligence Officer Jeff Stein features a detailed account of how the CIA admittedly filmed a fake Bin Laden video during the run up to the 2003 Iraq war

In 2015 President Obama even explained why they needed a false flag every week –

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yYCokZcYve0&feature=youtu.be

So we have a military intervention and occupation of Iraq based on lies, to sustain the lies we have PR firms to fool the masses with false videos and the day before 9/11 Pentagon couldn’t account for $2.3 trillion and now in 2015 audit reveals they can’t account for $6.5trillion!

So when ISIS releases a list of US cities it plans to attack – you seriously have to wonder who is behind the stunt! http://www.conspiracyclub.co/2015/11/17/alert-isis-false-flag-on-america/ paid a UK public relations firm half a billion dollars to make fake terrorist propaganda and false-flag videos, some of which came back to the United States to propagandize us. Do you feel safer? Money well spent?

We now enter another false intervention – Syria where in 1957 – the British and American leaders approved the use of Islamic extremists and false flag attacks to topple the Syrian government. History repeats and has repeated. http://www.washingtonsblog.com/2014/07/57-years-ago-u-s-britain-approved-use-islamic-extremists-topple-syrian-government.html

Daniel Patrick Welch an American writer and political analyst says US and Western media coverage of Russia and Syria consists of virtually nothing but lies

http://www.presstv.com/Detail/2016/09/23/486043/US-media-coverage-Syria-full-of-lies

It has reached such a point that only 6% of Americans trust the mainstream media: All the lies about vaccines, GMOs and false economic statistics are finally sinking in

http://www.naturalnews.com/053759_mainstream_media_lies_public_trust.html#ixzz4M2Ek5rkG

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Some views of people around the world

We have every right to question the C4 footage against Sri Lanka. C4 has won awards though not one footage was shot by C4 and none of the eyewitness accounts comes from journalists. What is the authenticity of bits and pieces put together and declare it a documentary. How do we know whether these were not filmed by LTTE tv crew who had a habit of doing the same. In fact Shyam Tekwani an expert in terrorism and media working for Asia Pacific Centre for Security Studies compared the ‘tone and tenor’ of the documentary to LTTE’s propaganda production wing saying it was ‘clearly an effort to sensationalize and shock with carefully selected and edited footage, the documentary weakens its case and invites and investigation into its own credibility and accountability to journalistic norms. The volume of the testimony it uses as evidence is not enormous and most of its derived from leading questions’.

Incidentally, C4’s star witness Vany K was a LTTE cadre.

A A Gill described the footage as ‘unattributed and uncorroborated’ saying ‘not a second of this has been shot by Channel 4 – none of the witness accounts comes from journalists’. He also said Jon Snow’s narration was ‘intemperate and partisan’ and ‘was all held together by assumptions’.

Put all this in the context of money being paid for false videos we can only demand to know who was behind the production of the C4 videos, who paid for it and who wrote the scripts?

  • 2010/2011 Current Affairs – International category of the Royal Television Society’s Television Journalist Award
  • One World Media Award in categories of Television and Documentary
  • Nominated for BAFTA TV Award in Current Affairs in 2012.
  • C4 broadcast – produced by ITN & film maker Callum MaCrae
  • 25 August 2009 video showing naked and blindfolded victims being executed (allegedly by Sri Lankan soldiers)
  • 14 June 2011 – 1st screening of ‘Sri Lanka’s Killing Fields’
  • 11 March 2012 – 2nd screening Sri Lanka’s Killing Fields: War Crimes Unpunished
  1. A. Yfantis, a professor of computer science at University of Nevada-Las Vegas specialising in computer graphics and image processing, stated that “based on mathematical analysis, blood in the 3GP videos is not real blood. It is not clear if the blood in the 3GP scenes is water with red dye or digitally constructed or edited video blood” and that “video graphic and mathematical analysis of the two 3GP videos show that the videos either were edited, or staged, or both”.

Inspite of these ASSUMPTIONS C4 ends up getting international awards!

C4 cannot get away if they have committed lies. We are all in shock over the millions spent for fooling the masses by the Pentagon. We certainly have every right to question the C4 killing fields video as well and hopefully the investigative journalists that uncovered the Bell Potinger fake videos should also investigate the Killing Fields videos as well.

Shenali D Waduge

Additional reading

http://labs.thebureauinvestigates.com/fake-news-and-false-flags/

http://ronpaulinstitute.org/archives/featured-articles/2016/october/02/pentagon-paid-pr-firm-540-million-to-make-fake-terrorist-videos/

https://www.rt.com/usa/361385-pentagon-pr-firm-terrorist-videos/

http://www.veteranstoday.com/2016/10/02/pentagon-paid-firm-millions-of-dollars-to-create-false-flag/

http://www.presstv.com/Detail/2016/10/03/487445/Pentagon-fake-terror-videos

http://www.thefiscaltimes.com/2016/07/31/Pentagon-s-Sloppy-Bookkeeping-Means-65-Trillion-Can-t-Pass-Audit

https://www.facebook.com/alejandro.sanchezbello.5/posts/10154348091156970

NO to ETCA: Sri Lanka’s Business Community put Nation before Profit

October 4th, 2016

Shenali D Waduge

Without a doubt the private sector plays a crucial role in steering the economy of Sri Lanka. Even in adverse times Sri Lanka managed to keep afloat. The capitalist system however is failing globally. Once rich and flourishing nations are all in decline. There is imbalances everywhere. Even the US is trillions in debt. Elsewhere in Europe there is a migrant crisis as a result of the bogus military interventions taking place, again these interventions will only benefit the companies and banks that funded the war coffers. Sri Lanka’s corporate world cannot overlook ground political realities. In such a climate all investments and agreements must necessitate a broader understanding of the ramifications to the country both mid-term and long term inspite of short term profit. The business community of Sri Lanka must put Country First.

Lets’ first look at the global economic structure.

Countries are made to open markets and grow cash crops where all that is grown ends up exported and the people end up paying for imported goods. The businessmen of course reaps the profits. This is not sustainable development. A nation’s victims of the cash crop end up facing economic hardships and eventually the nation too suffers. A good look at the trade deals over the years proves this.

Free-market neoliberal dogma increases competition through deregulation and opening domestic markets to foreign competitors. The victims are social welfare systems, health, domestic labor laws and environmental laws. We see that now happening. Foreigners eventually end up taking back more than they have put in. Politicians are easily influenced because they are pressed for investment and money to sustain their own political existence.

The current government has not understood the magnitude of the situation they have created for themselves. They have been euthanized by wanting to please the so-called international community and fallen prey to pats of their back thereby foolishly abdicating the powers of the State to external forces aligned to NGOs on foreign payroll.

Privatizing initiatives now being ironed out through public private partnership programs (another proven failure) will further limit and diminish the role of the State.

In privatizing state assets and liberalizing economic policies to foreign transnational companies (virtually on par with world governments) Sri Lanka will come under foreign rule. We are drafting a scenario where UN and IMF-WB will end up running Sri Lanka!

When will people wake up to the fact that IMF-WB and the WTO have created a framework to suit elite politician-corporate nexus across the world. GDP growth and per capita consumption model has only promoted debt, ravaged environments and left people in squalor.

IMF and WB advocate neoliberal economics which in other words is maximum market freedom and minimum state intervention. In such a scenario the presence of Indian businesses and Indian people in Sri Lanka is going to drastically affect all of the people including the local business community since the state monopoly will also be reduced and they will not be able to come to their assistance in their own country (govt functions will soon be taken over by private enterprises)

These changes have come slyly. Unknown to third world governments the IMF and World Bank have spent on training to tap opinion-makers and decision makers (state legislators, civil society, bureaucrats, media etc) and who have been spoon fed on the proposed economic framework hypnotizing them to accept the structural adjustments and then tasked to coerce the public.

For those who boast of open market economic success – let them show examples of where IMF-WB structural adjustments in the form of currency devaluation, liberalizing of economy, privatizing public assets, relaxing environmental laws, removing safeguards for employees in labor laws, removing subsidies have benefitted the masses?

Statistics show the economic gap between 1% haves and 99% have-nots increasing resulting in further tensions and future calamities.

What we have is the elitism of the 1% not realizing that they are sitting on a virtual volcano even though they do not wish to surrender their profit.

The UN too has warned of a global fallout from debt crisis in poor countries. www.theguardian.com/business/2016/sep/21/united-nations-unctadwarns-debt-crisis-poor-developing-countries-oil-prices

The IMF and WB as a result of their neoliberal policies stand guilty of

  • Causing severe environmental degradation
  • Crashing Third World economies
  • Reducing public welfare systems – health, education etc
  • Create rising unemployment (with ETCA Sri Lankans unemployment will rise)
  • Increase in food prices / fuel prices

What we now see is that at the one hand the IMF-WB is pushing for these very harsh changes from a bankrupt Sri Lankan Government which cannot dictate terms while India is demanding the Sri Lankan Government sign the ETCA entailing Indians to virtually take over Sri Lanka with time. Is the Sri Lankan business community bothered about this scenario or have they not even thought of this scenario?

Can a handful of Sri Lankan business community compete with over 1.3million active private companies in India?

What the Sri Lankan Government and Sri Lankan business community must also be aware of is that India’s economic policy is currently dictated by the IMF-WB and WTO combination which are controlled by the US. Incidentally Manmohan Singh the former Indian PM was a WB employee and when he became PM he made Montek Ahluwahlia the Deputy Chairman of the Planning Commission and Ahluwahlia was from IMF while the RBI Governor R Rajan was also at IMF. Connect the dots and connect the people!

Of course Indian billionaires have increased but the poor have become poorer too. There are 111 billionaires in India – http://www.thehindu.com/business/Economy/india-adds-27-new-billionaires/article8276674.ece According to WB 276 million people, lived below $1.25 per day.

Before India comes to help Sri Lanka, shouldn’t India help its own people?

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We know that India is not the India pre-1994 – it is a country where neoliberalism influences all 3 pillars of governance including the judicial functions (Essar/Ambani tapes).

 

There are also accusations that governments end up tweaking statistics just to attract investments. Contrary to what is being projected privatization has not delivered the goods and the scenario will worsen if privatization is handed to foreigners. Have we forgotten the many foreign investors who jumped the ship during President Premadasa’s reign. How many factories were abandoned with these foreigners scooting off with the profits? In opening up the entirety of the country are we not committing hara kiri once more?

Sri Lanka is a small island nation. We are just 20million people. Our immediate neighbour has a population of 1.3billion. Let’s admit – we have never had good relations even diplomatically. We are dealing with a country that even Prabakaran the LTTE leader did not trust. We are dealing with a country that introduced terrorism and Tamil militancy including separatist ideology. That same country is fanning the separatism once more. All these are with intent to continue to destabalize Sri Lanka while economically enveloping Sri Lanka into its fold in an effort that reaps irreversible results. Why are we knowingly walking into traps?

As a small nation Sri Lanka can easily flourish. All we need is a country-centric plan. We have all the wherewithal to develop.

CEPA proposed in 2008 initially resurfaced in 2013 – Comprehensive Economic Partnership Agreement involves service sector enabling Indians to enter into Sri Lanka. Knowing the opposition the government would probably agree to phase out the clauses. Whether it happens today, tomorrow or a few years’ time, this single agreement is detrimental to the demography of Sri Lanka and if it affects the demography it will certainly affect every citizen of the country as well.

Business people can vouch that dealings with India is no piece of cake. Inspite of existing agreements Indian officials give a hard time to Sri Lanka’s business community – letters are not honoured, undue taxes and demurrage are just a handful of issues they face. Instead of addressing fallacies in them why are we walking into another bigger more dangerous agreement? These are questions that every businessmen in Sri Lanka must be asking. They should not leave it only to the business organizations, many of these entities are compromised and heavily influenced.

Let’s look at some statistics and then think of the ramifications.

  • There are 422,446 unemployed in Sri Lanka majority of whom are women – why cannot they be employed by local companies?
  • India’s unemployment is 44.79 Million in 2012. The difference is shocking. Open service sector, these people will arrive and companies will jump to give them jobs at lower salaries but years later what will happen when they settle down and refuse to go given that all labor laws would have changed to suit the foreigners?
  • India produces 50,000 doctors annually. According to WHO report 57% of the doctors in India, are not doctors at all, just quakes – imagine even half of this number coming to work in Sri Lanka’s hospitals just because they agree to a lesser rate from the private hospitals. The hospitals will profit but what is the outcome for the patients being treated by quakes?
  • 1.5million engineering students pass out annually in India – however over 80% of them are unemployable as per study by Aspiring Minds National Employability Report –imagine these engineers being employed for half of the salaries demanded by Sri Lankan qualified engineers and companies employ them looking only at the low cost!
  • 1 in 5 primary teachers do not possess the requisite qualifications to teach in India. There are 17,100 unqualified teachers are working in publicly funded schools across England – do we want to build an illiterate generation of youth by bringing in Indian teachers for cheap?do not have the requisite qualifications to teach young children.do not have the requisite qualifications to teach young children.do not have the requisite qualifications to teach young children
  • Just look how many Indian foreign BPOs have laid off Indian staff – https://www.wsws.org/en/articles/2015/02/27/indi-f27.html all these are now searching employment together with the 45million unemployed in India. They will agree to do any job for any salary because they know how hard it is to get a job in India.

Nevertheless, Sri Lankans and in particular the Sri Lankan business community must while placing the Country First also think about giving preference to the Sri Lankan employees first as well. As it has to be a win-win situation it is good for some programs to be organized for people themselves to realize that they too need to change their attitudes and improve their employability and realize that their jobs can be easily taken over by foreigners in particular Indians who if the ETCA is signed can not only open shops in Sri Lanka but bring their families and have them work in these companies as well. We know that already many Indians arrive as tourists and work in Sri Lanka and return to India before their visa is over, renew their visa and return to Sri Lanka and their earnings are taken with them!

Small, medium or large businesses in Sri Lanka cannot live in isolation without understanding the global economic fundamentals most of which are aligned to politics. Look at how UN is plugging human rights into considerations for various loans/grants to governments. All these are wicked means to further stifle development of developing nations. In such a scenario it is only if a country and its people in particular the business community are united and protect the nation and its people that we can build a wall against the multiple influences and plots taking place.

Therefore the Sri Lankan Business Community is requested to seriously think and assess the situation not from the lens of making self-profit but from the need to protect the nation and its people first.

Shenali D Waduge

Further reading

https://www.americanbazaaronline.com/2016/07/20/57-of-indian-doctors-are-not-qualified-who415481/

http://indiandefence.com/threads/thousands-of-unqualified-teachers-working-in-uk-schools.54028/

http://www.gadgetsnow.com/tech-news/Over-80-of-engineering-graduates-in-India-unemployable-Study/articleshow/50704157.cms

Dr Dayan Jayatilleka at the panel discussion Geneva & You

October 4th, 2016

 

Sri Lanka’s Debt Crisis Is So Bad The Government Doesn’t Even Know How Much Money It Owes

October 4th, 2016

Trying to develop its infrastructure to increase its economic potential has plunged Sri Lanka deep into a pit of debt, pushing the country to the brink of bankruptcy and prompting an IMF bailout.

The official estimate of what Sri Lanka currently owes its financiers is $64.9 billion — $8 billion of which is owned by China. The country’s debt-to-GDP currently stands around 75% and 95.4% of all government revenue is currently going towards debt repayment.

This debt situation is clearly not sustainable, but there’s more:

In addition to racking up large amounts of government debt via the usual channels, it’s now becoming evident that the previous government also utilized state-owned enterprises to take out additional loans on its behalf. While the full extent of this extracurricular lending seems unknown, current estimates peg it at a minimum of $9.5 billion — which is all off the books of the finance ministry.

“We still don’t know the exact total debt number,” Sri Lanka’s prime minister admitted to parliament earlier this month.

Sri Lanka Prime Minister Ranil Wickremesinghe (L), Sri Lanka Cricket president Thilanga Sumathipala (C), Sports Minister Dayasiri Jayasekera (2R) and Law and Order Minister Sagala Ratnayake (R) in Colombo on September 20, 2016. (ISHARA S.KODIKARA/AFP/Getty Images)

Much of Sri Lanka’s pile of debt accrued in the process of initiating an entire buffet of large-scale and extremely expensive infrastructure projects under the direction of former president Mahinda Rajapaksa.

Between 2009 and 2014 Sri Lanka’s total government debt tripled and external debt doubled, as the country engaged in a number of costly undertakings — such as attempting to build a new, multi-billion dollar city in the middle of a jungle (which includes the world’s emptiest international airport), constructing one of the most expensive highways ever made, as well as other pricey endeavors, such as spending $42 million just to remove a rock from the harbor at Hambantota.

But this doesn’t necessarily mean that Sri Lanka’s current administration is doing much better. Under President Maithripala Sirisena and Prime Minister Ranil Wickremesinghe, who came to office at the beginning of 2015, domestic debt grew by 12% and external debt by 25% without starting any new large-scale infrastructure projects.

 This fact has not gone unnoticed by former president Mahinda Rajapaksa, who recently issued a series of public taunts, claiming that with the money the current administration has so far borrowed he could have built “two Mattala Airports, one Hambantota Port, one Norochcholai Coal Power Plant, one Colombo-Matara Highway, one Colombo-Katunayake Highway, not one, but two Colombo Port cities and one 500 MW Sampur Coal Power Plant…”

Sri Lanka may be in a debt trap that it can’t get out of. This year alone $4.5 billion is due to foreign lenders and next year $4 billion is owed — bills which the country has not yet figured out a way to pay.

Various interim solutions to the debt crisis have been proposed, such as offering debt-for-equity swaps to countries, such as China, that Sri Lanka owes big and privatizing and outright selling loss-incurring SOEs, which have yet to receive much interest.

The IMF did agree to provide Sri Lanka with a $1.5 billion bailout in the form of a loan in April after the country agreed to a set of criteria to attempt to right the course of its wavering economy. However, as reported by East Asia Forum, Sri Lanka’s Central Bank has stated that it is their intention to secure an additional $5 billion in loans after receiving these funds — and corresponding seal of approval — from the IMF as the debt trap continues getting deeper.

Correction 10/3/2016: the $42 million rock was removed from Hambantota not Colombo.  

I’m the author of Ghost Cities of China. I’m currently traveling the New Silk Road doing research for a new book. Follow by RSS.

http://www.forbes.com/sites/wadeshepard/2016/09/30/sri-lankas-debt-crisis-is-so-bad-the-government-doesnt-even-know-how-much-money-it-owes/#2d0c3af3a831

ලංකාව බංකොලොත්.. ණය බර උග්‍රයි.. ණයකට ඇප වෙන්න කිසිවෙක් නෑ.. රජය කිසිත් දන්නෙ නෑ.. – Forbs

October 4th, 2016

ලංකා සී නිවුස්

මේ වනවිට රටේ ආර්ථිකය කඩා වැටි ඇති තත්ත්වය උඩ තවදුරත් ණය ලබාදිමෙදි ඒ වෙනුවෙන් ඇපවීමට කිසිම ජාත්‍යන්තර මූල්‍ය ආයතනයක් ඉදිරිපත් නොවන බවත් මේ වන විට ශ්‍රීලංකාවේ රජය දේශීයව හා විදේශීය ගත් අති විශාල ණය ප්‍රමාණය නිසා රට බoකොලොත් බාවයට පත්ව ඇතැයි ලෝක ප්‍රසිද්ධ මූල්‍ය සඟරාවක් වන ෆෝබ්ස් සඟරාව පවසයි.

නව රජය පැමිණිමත් සමඟ කෙටි කලක් තුල දේශීයව ලබාගත් ණය ප්‍රමාණය 25% කින් වැඩී වීම මෙන්ම එම කාලය තුලන් ජාත්‍යන්තරව ලබා ගත් ණය ප්‍රමාණය 12% කින් වැඩි වීම හරහා ශ්‍රීලංකාව මේ වන විට දේශීයව හා විදේශීයව කොච්චර ණය ප්‍රමාණයක් ගෙවීමට ඇද්ද යන වග තවමත් නිශ්චිතවම කිවිමට නොහැකි තත්ත්වයට ආණ්ඩුව පත්වී ඇති බව පෙනෙන්නට තිබේ යයි එහි වැඩිදුරටත් සඳහන් වේ.

එමෙන්ම ලෝකයේ රටවල ආර්ථිකයේ ශක්තිමත් භාවය මිනුම්කරනය කරන ෆිෆ්ත් රේටින් Fitch Ratings-Hong Kong සහ ස්ටැන්ඩර්ඩ් ඇන්ඩ් පුවර්ස් Standard & Poor’s ratings agency යන ජාත්‍යන්තර ආයතනය ශ්‍රීලංකාව මිනුම්කරනය කොට වර්ගීකරණය කිරීමේදී මේ වසරේ මුල් කාර්තුවේ සිට ශ්‍රීලංකාව එතෙක් තිබු මුල්‍ය ශක්තිමත් භාවය සිටි තත්වයෙ සිට පහතට හෙලා ඇත.

ලංකාව බංකොලොත්.. ණය බර උග්‍රයි.. ණයකට ඇප වෙන්න කිසිවෙක් නෑ.. රජය කිසිත් දන්නෙ නෑ.. – Forbs

Governments Bowing to Corporate Greed on Both Sides of the Atlantic

October 4th, 2016

Premalal Ferdinando

In my opinion the Sri Lankan public should be informed about the  the danger of signing Trade Pacts with western countries. In Europe where, I live, there is pressure against such pacts because of the Investor-State Dispute Settlement (ISDS) mechanism that is embedded in them. This is a new form of colonialism, a trap, which weak countries like Sri Lanka could fall into. The following Transcription of an interview will give you more information on the subject.

Governments Bowing to Corporate Greed on Both Sides of the Atlantic

The following is a rough transcription of an interview on Sputnik News program “Loud and Clear” of 23rd September 2016

https://sputniknews.com/radio_loud_and_clear/20160923/1045629417/goverments-bowing-to-corporate-greed.html

Brian Becker (Interviewer): EU trade ministers met in Slovakia yesterday to discuss trade liberalization including the TTIP but if President Obama used his UN speech earlier this week as a rallying cry for free trade, does the agreement really have any chance of passing as world wide opposition is growing against the corporate take over of the world. Large protests have taken place last week end in Germany other protests are taking place in Brussels against TTIP.

Mark Turner (War on Want in the UK): Those protests are both about on the one hand about TTIP and also the EU Canada deal which is called CETA, the comprehensive economic and Trade Agreement. Both of those are very much tied to what is happening in Bratislava and what we have seen happening over the past few weeks around TTIP. We have had many outspoken comments about TTIP from Germany, France and from Austria and from other countries besides these and right now the TTIP talks are really in turmoil and this meeting in Bratislava is trying to deal with that on the one hand but at the same time its going to push through the ongoing talks in Canada on the CETA deal. From our perspective these things are very closely linked because while right at the moment the EU knows deep down that it cant get TTIP through anytime in the near future they are trying to push CETA through because a lot of the things that companies want in TTIP they can actually get through CETA. The core of these deals are very much about the same agenda and the way we see that is that there has been deregulation so this is giving corporations greater control over the setting of rules around the protection of society, the protection of public health and the environment and as a second pillar privatization, about guaranteeing access to services market and thirdly investor rights, so this is the very controversial Investor-State Dispute Settlement (ISDS) system which gives big business the power to sue Governments through its own private justice system. And the real crux of how these two deals link together is that under CETA’s ISDS mechanism, if you are a US corporation and has an office both in Europe and a subsidiary in Canada you can access that mechanism through CETA and the statistics for this is that some 80% of US corporations operating in Europe also have a subsidiary in Canada. That in bold figures is more than 40,000 US corporations. So once CETA goes through you get the same controversial powers that are in TTIP through the deal with Canada. 4:15

Brian: Investor State Dispute Settlement Mechanism – Corporate courts where corporations can actually sue governments if Government policies, either because they are for labour or for environment or to protect of indigenous industry or agriculture, do something, take on policies that do not allow corporations to maximize their profit. How do these corporate courts function ?

Mark: The whole crux of ISDS is dated back to the era when companies had a fear that dictators perhaps in developing countries would seize their assets. What it has become today is where policies made by Governments, if they affect the company’s profits – and the really critical thing here is that not the profits right now, it is profits to be made in the future, if Government policy impinges on that you can then sue the state. Now the way this works is that it is embedded in trade deals and the power is given to the company from the foreign country. So if you are looking at the US and the EU and TTIP what that would mean is that US companies would have the ability to sue European countries and in Europe, European countries would get the same power in America under the trade deal. However, you couldn’t have an American company suing America through that trade deal. With regard to future profits there is a very prominent case in the USA which brings this to light. So when Barak Obama vetoed the Keystone XL pipeline – a decision he took based on his commitment to climate change in the midst of vast opposition, civil disobedience – TransCanada, a Canadian company, immediately sued under these powers through the NAFTA (North American Free Trade Agreement) trade deal with Canada and Mexico. TransCanada had invested some $ 2b in this pipeline and it sued for $ 15b. Now as you can see there is a $ 13 b difference and that is because they say that these are the profits that we would make in the future. For us this is completely untenable which is essentially a form of tax payer funded risk insurance for corporations. And this same pattern is repeated in other cases where there has been public demonstrations and Governments responding to public pressure as in the case of Germany banning Nuclear Power they also were sued for EUR 4.7 b. So this is the distinct pattern repeating again and again.

Brian Becker: There is another case of a US company, Lone Time, is suing Canada for the ban on fracking in Quebec, which is a complete negation of democracy. You have in Canada a federal system where the French speaking part is keen not only in defending the environment they are also aware of their own capacity for self determination but now you have a US company suing Canada, the federal Government, for the ban on fracking in the province of Quebec – this is amazing!

Mark: Exacly, this is another great example because this company has never done any fracking, yet they are suing $ 250 m because they cant frack. The basis of that claim is that “this is the money we would have made and because we essentially have a right to compel fracking under this trade agreement if you are going to stop us from doing it you have to pay us the money we would have made”. It is a very salient point on fracking because a particular sector we see that this is taking place is energy. So on the one hand you see Governments in Europe, the Canadian Government, the US Government saying we want to fight climate change – and a couple of weeks ago Barak Obama said that we help save the world at the Paris Climate Change Summit – and now bringing in these powers vastly extending the range of them which corporations have used time and again to stop progressive legislation around climate change, The two casees are only the tip of the iceberg and we really fear that opening this up through the EU US Trade deal, the EU Canada trade deal you are going to see a whole litany of these cases year after year.

Brian Becker: Another example is that the corporate entity Violia is suing the Egyptian Government for the loss of profits as a result of the country’s decision to raise the minimum wage. Of course we know that 40% of the people in Egypt live below poverty level – less than $2 a day. Now this corporation can sue the Egyptian Government against its actions of trying to remedy the problem of poverty by increasing the minimum wage.

Mark: This is something that happened in the immediate aftermath of what is commonly known as the Arab Spring so what we saw was in direct response to the people saying “we need this and the Government responding to the people’s wishes” but Corporate power stepping in and saying we don’t want that to happen. We see this across all sectors. For example in Slovakia, the Government was sued after winning election on the promise to re-nationalize health care, getting elected on that promise and in acting on that promise being sued for some $ 20m for taking that decision. The Government refused to pay that fine and their assets were seized in Luxenberg by another court and handed over to the company. So when you package all these together, what we are seeing here is a huge shift in power away from the state and towards companies. Yet at the same time we are seeing that the state hiding this from their citizens saying that this is just the normal aspect of the law making things fair for companies. But we can see quite patently from these examples that it is far from that. Through the retaliatory methods countries pay one way or another. In that sense we can see the real danger that not only are we seeing these outrageous rulings but more often than not they have to be followed. Bigdog countries can wither the storm than smaller and emerging countries which leads to a new kind of economic colonization because when we look at colonization what it is in essence is its absolute negation of democracy, that some other foreign entity can make the decisions on what is going to happen to the people in a particular country because that foreign country has taken over control. Here we have the end of the classical formal colonial period – annexation of territory – being replaced by a new kind of colonialism through more informal mechanisms annexation of legal systems, political systems . This is about protecting investments. In the UK the response from the Government to TTIP is that the UK has some 90 treaties with different countries and we have not been sued successfully under them. For a start that is not true, the UK has been sued but when the UK commission researched from the London School of Economics as to what would happen to the UK if we signed up the TTIP, the research found that we would be likely be sued more times than Canada. Canada is the most sued Country in the northern hemisphere under these powers (about 35 times largely through NAFTA). The reason that they found that the UK would be sued more times than Canada is very simple because the US has more capital stock invested in UK than it does in Canada. And correspondingly the richest countries in the world have a lot of their activities in the poorest countries where they ensure that they get access to services markets raw materials all kinds of things. So because of that what we are going to see is that the poorer countries facing these law suits from corporations which come from rich countries and that would entrench further the situation that we already have on global inequality and the poorest people are getting poorer and this will just add to that.

The US wants the EU to remove its agriculture tariffs to remove bans on things like the use of growth hormones the use of antibiotics in animals and to give access to its public services. In return the EU wants access to Buy America where the Buy America Act requires the local states to purchase from within the country. Suddenly, now we see the French and the German Governments coming and decrying this. The reason for this is very simple and that is they both have elections next year. Right now there is a huge opposition in society that the French and German governments cannot win a new election if they support TTIP. There is no sign that TTIP is going to be signed anytime in the next year.

People are beginning to understand that trade is quite simply – under these leaders – is a proxy for corporate greed and it is done in secret and they are opposed to that and will continue to be.

ඇමති ෆයිසර් මුස්තාපාට එජාප මැති ඇමතිවරු වටකරගෙන නෙලයි.. අසාධ්‍ය වී දණ ගහයි.. [Video]

October 4th, 2016

ලංකා සී නිවුස්

ඌව පළාත් මහ ඇමතිවරයා සම්බන්ධයෙන් පාර්ලිමේන්තුවේ මතුකල ප‍්‍රශ්ණයක් මත මෙම ගැටුම ඇතිවින.

මුස්තාපා ඇමතිවරයා වෙනුවෙන් පාර්ලිමේන්තුවේ කිසිවෙකු පෙනී නොසිටි අතර එජාප ප‍්‍රබලයන් විසින් ඔහු දැඩි විවේචනයට ලක් කලේය.

පළාත් සභා සහ පළාත් පාලන ඇමති ෆයිසර් මුස්තාපා මහතාට ඊයේ දිනයේ පාර්ලිමේන්තුවේදී එක්සත් ජාතික පක්‍ෂ ඇමතිවරැන් හා විපක්‍ස මන්ත‍්‍රීවරැන් විසින් දැඩි විරෝධයක් එල්ල කලේය.

මර්සලින් ජයකොඩි පියතුමාට පණ පොවන චාල්ස්

October 4th, 2016

පන්සල හා කිතුණු පල්ලිය අතර මිත්‍රත්වයේ පාලම ගොඩනැගූ මර්සලින් ජයකොඩි පියතුමන් මෙන්ම අැත්ත අැති සැටියෙන් දත් තවත් කිතුනුවෙක්.

පන්සල හා කිතුණු පල්ලිය අතර මිත්‍රත්වයේ පාලම ගොඩනැගූ මර්සලින් ජයකොඩි පියතුමන් මෙන්ම අැත්ත අැති සැටියෙන් දත් තවත් කිතුනුවෙක්.

මුහුණු පොතෙන්

විනාසයෙන් බේරීමට සිංහෙලයා කලයුතු දෑ!

October 3rd, 2016

අනුර සෙනෙවිරත්න

1)     විනාසකාරී මමත්වය කසලගොඩට දැමීම, මම මායාවකි. අපේකම බලවත්ය, සියලු පැවැත්මට ජාතික සුහාදරය මූලිකවේ. 

2)      ඉරිසියාව විසමයකි අමිනිසත්කමට මගය, අන් අයට සුබපැතීම අප සියල්ලටම සුබදායකය. 

3)      තව සිංහෙලයෙක් සමග තරඟකර ලකුනුදාගැනීම නවතා තමාගේ හැකියාවන් ලෝකයාටම සේවය කලහැකි තත්වයට උසස්කරගමු.

4)      කතාව අඩුකර ඇහීමේ කුසලතාවය වැඩිකිරීම.

5)       ඕපදූප, විදේසිකයන් ලියූ දෑ, අන් අය ලියූ දෑ, පිලිගත් ඉතිහාසය වහා පිලිනොගෙන නොවැසූ මනසින් ඇත්ත ඇතිහැටියේ සෙවිම.  

6)     යම් කෙනෙක් යම් විදියකින් තමා ඇමතුවොත් පමානොවී පිලිතුරු දීම. 

7)     නියම පොහොසත්කම හිත හදවත පොහොසත් කිරීම මේ සඳහා මුදලට ගිජු නොවී හිත නැගුමට යොමුවීමෙන් සියලු සතුට ළඟාවේ.

8)      දැනුම උගත්කම අද බොහෝමයක්ම නිතර වෙනස්වෙන පුවත් පුරවාගැනීම මිස නැනවත්කම හා විද්වත්කමට අහලකින්වත් නැත.

9)     හිත නිතර අපව රවටමින් කට්ටි පනියි හිත පාලනය කරගැනීම ඇත්ත දියුණුවට හා පිලිවෙලට හිතීමේ හා වැඩ කිරීමේ මගය.

10)  තමා තවෙකෙකුට වඩා උසස්ය කියා හිතීම හා පහත්ය කියා හිතීමෙන්ද මගහැරීම.

11)  කුනු රටකරුවන් විසින් අපේ ඔලුහේදීම නිසා ජාතික සුහාදරයෙන් ඈත්වූ අප අද සිට සිංහෙල ජාතික සුහාදරය වපුරමු. 

12)  බටහිරුවාගේ හා අල්ලපු පර ඉන්දියානුවන්ගේ  දෑ අනුකරනයට තවත් වහල්නොවී අප තුල ඇති අසීමිත සව්සවියේ බලමහිමයට ඈඳී අපේ ඉතා ආදීන මනු රාවන දස්කම් ගෙන හැර පෑ අපේ ලෝකය ගොඩ නගා අසරන ලෝකයාටත් සහනයක් දෙමු.  

13)  සිංහෙලයා තම තමන් අතර අවිස්වාසය ඉවතලා හැම කෙනෙකුට හැකි පමනින් වචනයකින් හෝ නිතර ඇප උපකාර කිරීමෙන් ඒවා නැවත අප අපටම හොඳ පලදේ.

14)  අලුත් හොඳ දෙයක පටන්ගැනුම එක්කෙනුකුගෙන්ය ඉන්පසු එය ලැවුගින්නක් සේ පැතිරේ. මේ  කියවන හැම සිංහෙලයෙක් අද සිට හමුවන හැම තව සිංහෙල අයෙකුට පිරිසුදු හිතින් සුභ පතා තමාගේ ජාතික සොම්නස රටදැය සුරැකීමේ සතුට වෙනුවෙන් දැක්වීම පුදුමයට හේතුවේ.

15)   ඕනෑම වැඩක් කිරීම උතුම්ය වැඩක් නොකිරීම පහත්ය. ඕනෑම වැඩක් කරන අයට ගරුත්වය දිය  යුතුය. ඕනෑම වැඩක් කරන අය එය වැටුප සඳහාම නොකර එය තමන්ගෙන් ලෝකයටම සිදුවන සේවය බව හිතා ඉතා හොඳින් කරමු.

16)   තමා කොයි මොහොතේ මැරෙන්න හැකිබව සලකා හොඳ කරමින් සරල ජීවිතයක් ගතකරමු.

17)   හැකි පමන සොබාදහමට එකඟව කෑම බීම, පරිහරනය, කිරියාවන්, පැවැත්ම ගෙනයෑම හිතට කයට සුවදායකය.

18)  පැනයක් අහනවිට කතාවක් නොකර මොහොතක් පැනය ගැන හිතා කෙටියෙන් පැනය අසමු.

19)  යම්කිසි දෙයක් ගැන කතාකරනවිට හෝ ලියනවිට එම මාතෘකාවෙන් පිට  නොපැනීම. 

20)  කෙනෙක් හමුවන්ට වෙලාවක් පොරොන්දුවූවිට වෙලාවට හෝ මදක් කලින් යන්ට.

21)  සියල්ල  මිනිසුන් උවද ජාතිය සොබාවෙන් ලැබූ දායාදයක් එය තමා කවුද කියා හඳුන්වයි. එමනිසා තම දෙස රැස බසට ආදරෙන් ගරුත්වය දක්වමු අද අපට එය නොමැති නිසා හතුරන් අපට තර්ජනය කරති.

22)  පරදෙසින් ආ පක්ස දේසපාලනය අප කුනු පක්සවලට බෙදා භේද බින්නකර අප බලය සුන්කර ඇත. දැන්වත් අප සිංහෙල ජාතික  රටේ තිබියයුතු සිංහෙල රජය බිහිකරමු. 

23)  බටහිර ප්‍රජාතන්ත්‍රවාදය ලෝකය පාලනය කිරීමට යොදාගත් කුමන්ත්‍රනයක් අප ඒ ගැන විමසිල්ලෙන් සිටිමු.

24)  අප අපේ ජාතික මව් රටේ අසරණවී සිටින අතර පදිංචිකාර ජනවරිගයන් කුනු රටකරුවන්ගේ වැඩි සැලකීමෙන් හා සිංහෙලයන් අතරමං කිරීම නිසා සිංහෙල රටට තර්ජනය කරති. පදින්චිකාර වතු කම්කරුවන්ද වියලි කලාපයේ අපේ ඇත්තන්ට වඩා හොඳින් ජීවත්වේ. අප දැන් අපේ දියුණුව සඳහා පමනක් ගතයුතු කාලයයි.  

25)  ලොව අන් ජාතීන් මෙන් අප අපේ ජාතික මව් රට පන මෙන් රැකගෙන ආදරය කරමින් පොලොවේ වටිනාකම අසීමිතබව තේරුම්ගැනීම.

26)  සිංහෙල රට දෙවෙනි තමිල් නාඩුව කරන්ට තැත්කල ආක්රමන ත්රස්තවාදයෙන් අප රැකගත් තුන් හමුදා, සිවිල් බලකාය හා පොලිසියට අප සදා නයගැතිය, අප ඔවුන්ට  නිතර ගරුත්වයෙන් සැලකිය යුතුය. 

27)  පදින්චිකාර ජනවරිගයන්ට කිසිම රටක විජාතික අයිතිවාසිකම් දී රටතුල ආක්රමනයට මග පාදා නැත. මේ අපරාදය අප රට තුල පමනක් තවමත් කරගෙන යෑමට ඉඩදීම ගැන සියල්ලෝම  තද කල්පනාව යොමුකිරීම.

28)   සිංහෙල රටේ කුනු රටකරුවන් අතරින් කුනු මෙන් දරුණුම කල්ලිය අද රට ඩැහැගෙන සිටිති. බටලන්දෙ අමානුසික ගාතන, සුවිසේස හමුදා බලකා ගාතන සහ පාතාලයින් ලවා  කල ගාතනවලට මුන්ට වහා දඬුවම් කිරීම. 

29)   වැරදිවලින් මිදීමට ලැජ්ජා බය බෝකරගැනීමෙන් යහපත් සාරවත් ජීවිතයකට පිවිසේ.

30)  උතුම් මිනිසෙකුගේ අපූරු නිදසුනක්, නිහතමානි, සරල, අපේකමට අසීමිත සේවයක් කර ප්රන්ස ඇමරිකන් ආක්රමන අපරාදකරුවන්ගෙන් රට රැක දුන් වියට්නාම් ජෙනෙරල් න්ගුයන් ගියැප්. ඔහුගේ සේවය අවසානයේ “මට තුති පැසසුම් එපා, මට නිදහසේ ගමේ ගෙදර ඉතිරි කාලය ගතකරන්ට ඉඩදෙන්ට“, වසර 104 ජීවත්විය.

31)  අන් සතුන් මරා මලකුනු කෑමෙන් වැළකීම. මිනිස් සතා මස් කන සතෙකු නොව. මස් කන සතුන් කටින් නියෙන් සතා මරා අමුවේ කෑවත් මිනිසාට එය බැරිය. මස් මිනිසාට විසය. අප මරා අපේ මස් කනවාට අප කැමතිද?

32)  මත්පැන් කුඩු වරිග කය තුලට දැමීමෙන් තම හිත කය බල හීනකර රෝගී අකල් මරණයට මගය. හිත කයේ සතුට සඳහා හිත කය වඩාගැනීමේ වියායාම් කිරීමෙන් මත්පැන් කුඩුවලට වඩා දීගකාලීන සතුට ගෙනදේ.

33)  පලමුව හෙල තුනුරුවන් දෙස රැස බස සරන යමු, දෙවෙනුව තෙරුවන් සරන යමු. මන්ද? දෙස, රැස, බස නැතුව තෙරුවන් කෙසේද?  

34)  අනුන්ගේ දොස් හොයන්ට පෙර තමන්තුල දොස් හොයා නිදොස් කරගැනීමෙන් තමන්ට යහපතක් වේ.

35)  සිංහෙල රට පදින්චිකාර ජනවරිගයන්ට පාවාදීමට පාලනය ඩැහැගෙන ඉන්න අසින්හෙල කල්ලිය යුහුසුලුවේ. අප කලබොලවී කැරලි කෝලාහල කලොත් අපව සමූලගාතනය කිරීමට පවා ඉව අල්ලන අද රටකරුවන් නිසා ඉතාම පරිස්සමින් නීතියානුකූලව හැසිරීම.

36)  බටහිරුවාගේ යන්ත්‍ර සූත්තර හා සෙල්ලම් ලෝකයාට දීමෙන් අප ඒවාට ඇබ්බැහිකර අපව වහලුන් කරගෙන යයි. ඒවාට ඇබ්බැහි නොවී අඩුවෙන් පරිහරණය කර හිත පොහොසත්කරන වියායාමයන්හි යෙදී අපට අසීමිත සතුට ජීවිතයට ලබාගත හැක. 

37)  තම ගෙවත්තේ අඩි ගනනක් වුනත් බිමක් ඇත්නම් පලා එළවළු වවාගෙන දිනපතා වියදම් අඩුකර ගැනීම.

38)  ලොව හැම ජාතියකට සොබාවෙන් උරුමවූ රටක් ඇත. සිංහෙල අපට ඇත්තේ කුඩා හෙල දූපත. ඉපැරණි අතීතයේ සිට අදවනතුරු අප රට බිම්හොරුන් හා ත්‍රස්තවාදීන් නිසා නියම දියුණුව හා සතුට විඳීමට ඉඩ නොදේ. අපේ පලමු අම්මා හෙලබිම් අම්මා, ඇගේ සුරැකීම හා නිදහස සඳහා සිංහෙල ජාතික සෛරීත්වයට යුක්තිය ලබාගමු.

Tackling Terrorism 

October 3rd, 2016

Shivanti Ranasinghe

Is a society that endorses torture, civilized? Democratic? Respects the rule of law? Protects women? Upholds human rights?
On the other hand, what should a civilized, democratic society that respects the rule of law and upholds the rights of women and humans as a whole do, when held hostage by terrorists?
Terrorists are not lone wolves. They belong to an organization, which makes their crimes, organized crimes. They aim for maximum impact and so are not engaged in petty crime, but carnage that often amounts to crimes against humans and humanity. Often, they have the support of powerful nations. Taliban, Al Qaeda, ISIS are said to be created by the CIA. The Liberation of Tamil Tigers amongst other terrorist groups, said to be numbering over 80, were sponsored and trained by RAW. A North Korean link was suspected behind the 1971 Janatha Vimukthi Peramuna insurgency.
The world, particularly the Human Rights champions, takes cudgels against terrorism only if it becomes a problem to them. Al Qaeda became a real issue to U.S. after 9/11. The LTTE lost the Indian support only after they assassinated Rajiv Gandhi. Even when terrorism is in larger proportions than a mere group’s hit and run strategy, as when a State against its own citizens or another State, the world does not always react as it should. It is pertinent to remember that even Hitler was allowed by the European powers, until he started biting his neighbors.
Jews were systematically persecuted by the Nazi regime. Those who tried to escape found they had no where to run. Scores of ships carrying Jew refugees to America were turned away by the authorities. Hundreds, if not thousands of men, women and children just perished at sea. Their plight was never the cause for the World War II fight. It was only when Hitler starting invading his neighboring countries, the world recognized his evil. Until the Japanese bombed the Pearl Harbor, the U.S. was their chief supplier. This despite the atrocities and genocidal acts the Japanese were committing in their own East Asian neighborhood.
Even when the world powers are supporting States to combat terrorism, whether enough or the needful is done is questionable. For instance, when Indian sponsored terrorists asserted themselves, the Reagan regime did not want to antagonize the growing Indian markets. Kudus to America however for not abandoning Sri Lanka altogether either. It was the U.S. that established the Israel link that stood in our support during our long protracted war against terrorism. The Bush regime was openly supportive however and helped us greatly to defeat terrorism.
Though the civilized world proscribed the LTTE and froze their assets, restricted their freedom, and assisted the Sri Lankan government with armaments, information and many other vital supports, the LTTE not only survived, but continued to grow in strength.
Almost with each passing day, they became more atrocious. They continued to spurn every value and virtue beholden by the civilized world. They categorically rejected democracy. Anyone who refused them as his sole representative was vaporized. Rivals brutally annihilated. Thousands of children as young as eight or younger were forced into the front lines. The once God worshipping women, even pregnant women, were turned into killer machines. Indiscriminate mass killings and attacks on civilians continued. Captives were gruesomely tortured to death.
All the powers the world reckons – U.S., Russia, China, India, Pakistan, the Arab world backed Sri Lanka. Of course the European and the Scandinavian countries had their reservations, but not all that openly. Thus, with all these support, how did the LTTE continue to grow in strength as they did? With time, the LTTE morphed into such a force that they created their own administration and they became the law.
Even so, the LTTE became only more aggressive and depraved. Like all terrorist movements  before them, they achieved only utter destruction. There is not a single right or freedom the LTTE or anyone else won through terrorism.
However, unless well and truly cornered and without options, no terrorist organization on its own accord will sit at a negotiating table much less renounce violence. All Indian sponsored terrorist groups, except the LTTE, agreed to enter mainstream politics when they realized the Indian Government, having coerced the Sri Lankan Government into a made-in-India political package, was pausing their sponsorship to terrorism. The LTTE however found a strange bedfellow in the Sri Lankan politicians who were utterly opposed to the Indo-Lanka Accord.
Since 1989, the JVP has returned and remained in mainstream politics only after it’s murderous top leadership was taken out. Therefore, unless that life-supporting  plug is removed from the group, there is no negotiating with the terrorists.
However, terrorism is not a straight game between good guys and the bad. This issue is deeply confusing as the face does not always belongs to the brains. More often than not, it is the so-called ‘good’ guys who surreptitiously create or sponsor terrorism in other countries. Facts may prove that terrorism is organized crime engaged in crimes against humans and humanity, but it is marketed as a fight for some rights or minorities that somehow justifies their evil.
The West sponsored democracy in Libya is a case in point. The Libyan intervention was marketed as a humanitarian response and as Obama declared, “people in Libya must be saved.” Renowned business consultant Gerald Celente however asks whether U.S. would have been equally concerned about Libya if its main export was broccoli.
A documentary by RT, highlights Gaddafi’s plans to move away from the American dollar to gold Dinar as the more realistic motive. This would have distributed wealth in the gold and oil rich African and Middle East countries. Gaddafi organized two conferences, in 1986 and 2000 and most African countries were keen.
“In the months leading up to the military intervention,” reports RT, “he called on African and Muslim nations to join together to create this new currency that would rival the dollar and euro. It is an idea that would shift the economic balance of the world. A country’s wealth would depend on how much gold it had and not how many dollars it traded.”
Such a move, says Anthony Wile, founder and chief editor of the Daily Bell, “would certainly not be welcomed by the power elite today, who are responsible for controlling the world’s central banks. So yes, that would certainly be something that would cause his immediate dismissal.”
The documentary states that it happened before when “in 2000, Saddam Hussein announced Iraqi oil would be traded in euros, not dollars. Sanctions and an invasion followed because the Americans were desperate to prevent OPEC from transferring oil trading in all its member countries to the euro.
“A gold dinar would have had serious consequences for the world financial system, but may also have empowered the people of Africa.”
“The U.S. have denied self-determination to Africans inside the U.S.,” exclaims Cynthia McKinney, former U.S. Congresswoman. “So, we are not surprised by anything the U.S. would do to hinder the self-determination of Africans on the continent.”
 The Obama regime certainly stands exposed when Libya disintegrated because in Obama’s own words, they not have a plan for day after. He claims it to be his greatest mistake. However, the world did not see any tangible effort on his part to rectify his mistake either.
The world too continued to pretend it was a mission of goodwill gone astray. Though the problems of Libya has exacerbated beyond measure, many intellectuals agree that getting rid of Gaddafi was a good move and the situation can only improve from now on. Of course, the situation can only improve after hitting rock bottom.
What the intellectuals and other humanitarians do not question – at least loudly enough – is, if this was indeed a humanitarian mission, then why did the NATO forces deliberately destroy the Great Man-Made River?
Humanrightsinvestigations.org notes, “95 percent of Libya is desert and 70 percent of Libyans depend on water which is piped in from the Nubian Sandstone Aquifer System under the southern desert. The water pipe infrastructure is probably the most essential civilian structure in Libya. Key to its continued function, particularly in time of war, is the Brega pipe factory which enables leaks and breaks in the system to be repaired.
“NATO has admitted that it’s jets attacked the poor factory on 22 July, claiming in justification that it was used as a military storage facility and rockets were launched from there,” though they had so far been unable to prove their accusation.
This action amounts to a war crime.
According to Major General Kamal Gunaratne, airstrikes by the Obama regime against the Sri Lankan military in support of the LTTE was a very realistic threat. Thus, defeating the LTTE became a race against time to avoid such a development.
Thus, terrorism is a much larger issue that what meets the causal eye. The world cannot be depended on to protect civilians from terrorism and thus the responsibility that falls squarely on the respective government.
However, how can a government fight terrorism while within the framework of normal law and democracy? How can the government uphold human rights when the entire State structure is challenged by marauding murderers, often with powerful friends? Whose human rights weighs more – that of the suspect in custody or his potential victims? In the process of fighting terrorism, how can the government ensure that its security forces do not act with impunity, nor become a terrorist as well? How can the security establishment ensure that the law will not haunt them afterwards for doing the needful?
“Any government, anywhere in the world,” explains Presidential Counsel Manohara de Silva, “resorts to extrajudicial killings when confronted with an insurgency. It’s not correct and no one should resort to such actions. Judicial means, you have to connect the evidence, lead the evidence and cross examine the subject. When governments have the soldiers, ammunition and intelligence,they resort to the easier way.
“What the section 15 of the Constitution states is that the freedom of others can be limited to protect the rights of another. So, my freedom ends when your rights begins. I can’t exercise my rights in violation of yours. Human Rights should be drawn from this distinction in the interest of national security and the rights of others to maintain a democratic society.
“However, only a judiciary can decide the rights and wrongs of a person and no other body. To deal with terrorism, we need to have a comprehensive National Security Act. Soon after 9/11, America passed its Patriotic Act. However, the Prevention of Terrorist Act we have is very limited in scope. There are other laws that we have passed like the terrorism financing act, money laundering that also have some connection to the PTA. However, it is not as comprehensive as it should be. The NSA must have checks and balanced inbuilt so that it’s power is not abused.
“To ensue that NSA protects small nations from larger powers, the law must be amended so the legislature must approve the contracts the executive signs with other States. This will protect the country from covenants that are inimical to national interests of the country like the Indo-Lanka Accord and the Geneva Resolution. This way, no matter who is in power, there will be a safeguard for the national security of the country.”

Open letter to Minister Faizer Musthafa

October 3rd, 2016

Dr. Mareena Thaha Reffai, Dehiwela

Recent news says the minister has asked the people to sort out their garbage and unless they do that, it will not be collected. He had failed dot inform the public what good it does to sort out the garbage since the dumping ground is still a question mark.

Dear Minister, it would have been much more practical if only you could have  informed the public to use the perishables to create compost. The rest can, of course, be recycled; the greatest portion of the garbage collected from homes are the perishables from the kitchen and the garden refuse.  This is considered to be black gold in some countries where they see and recognize a good thing, which is not the trait of Srilankans anyway.

Mr. Minister, To overcome the garbage disposal all you have to do is to provide a compost bin to each household and ask them to dump the perishables in to them. Is that a big deal? But then we Srilankans, never follow  the obviously simple means , do we? The cost of the compost bins, which can be made from recycled plastic, will cost only a fraction of the salary and the transport of tons and tons of garbage, which has no place to go.  On the other hand the compost is selling at 200 rupees a bag of 10 kilos – either the householder can use it or can sell it.

This obviously is not a novel invention – it is a well known, well tried profitable way of disposing garbage by garden lovers. All it needs is a little dedication and education of the public.

Why not try  this at least in one area, as a pilot project. I am sure you are in for a huge surprise.

Sent by:

Dr. Mareena Thaha Reffai,

, Dehiwela

 

Why British TV chefs prefer under cooked red meat, are they healthy?

October 3rd, 2016

Dr Hector Perera     London

There are plenty of cookery shows in British TV showing cooking so many different varieties of nutritious dishes but sometimes the chefs finish red meats virtually uncooked. They sometimes touch the piece or the lump of meat with finger tips while cooking and to me this is not quite acceptable way to cook. They do not let the piece of meat to cook long enough, sometimes toss it around in the air a few times then say “it’s cooked” but when cut to eat, it shows the red in the centre that means uncooked meat.

Under cooked or medium cooked red beef

When green vegetables, fish or meat are properly cooked it changes colour, the appearance and the texture. If for example a lump of beef is cooked, it loses the red colour, any fish the same but to my surprise in some British TV cooking demonstrations, I have witnessed, when the so called cooked beef is cut to eat, sometimes it is still red or even blood dripping red meat. They call them medium cooked beef. Any kind of meat or even fish should be properly cooked because there could be germs and bacteria in them. When it is cooked it should have the same colour throughout otherwise theoretically it is not properly cooked or under cooked. Their excuse was, it’s medium red cooked beef taste better, actually virtually under cooked beef is not safe for human consumption. Who would not agree with me that uncooked beef or chicken may have contaminated with harmful germs and bacteria such as campylobacter, listeria, salmonella and E-coil. The infected beef cannot be easily found just by smell. Back home in Sri Lanka when we cook beef, often we cut into small pieces than cooking as a lump but in some British TV cooking demonstrations, they use it as a little log or lump form. If they prefer to keep them as a large piece then it must be properly cooked for a considerable time. These must be cooked for a fairly long time in a uniform high temperature not just toss up and down on a cooking pan for a couple minutes then say, “it’s cooked”.

Red meat is one of the most nutritious foods you can eat. It is loaded with vitamins, minerals, antioxidants and various other nutrients that can have profound effects on health. A 100 gram (3.5 ounces) portion of raw ground beef (10% fat) contains (3): Vitamin B3 (Niacin): 25% of the RDA. Despite the fact that humans have been eating it throughout evolution, many people believe that it can cause harm.

Humans have been eating meat throughout evolution and our digestive systems are well equipped to handle it. Traditional populations like the Inuit and Masai have eaten lots of meat, much more than the average Westerner, but remained in excellent health.

However, the meat we eat today is vastly different from the meat our ancestors ate. Back in the day, animals roamed free and ate grass, insects or whatever was natural to them. Picture a wild cow on a field 10.000 years ago, roaming free and chewing on grass and various other edible plants.

The meat from this animal is completely different from the meat derived from a cow that was born and raised in a factory and fed grain-based feed. It may also have received growth-promoting hormones and antibiotics.

Today, some of our meat products go through even more processing after the animals are slaughtered, they are smoked, cured, then treated with nitrates, preservatives and various chemicals.

Therefore, it is very important to distinguish between the different types of meat: Processed Meat: These products are usually from conventionally raised cows, then go through various processing methods. Examples include sausages and bacon.

Conventional Red Meat

Conventional red meats are fairly unprocessed, but the cows are usually factory farmed. Meats that are red when raw are defined as “red” meats. Includes lamb, beef, pork and some others. White Meat: Meats that are white when cooked are defined as “white” meats. Includes meat from poultry like chicken and turkey. Grass fed, Organic Meat: This meat comes from animals that have been naturally fed and raised organically, without drugs and hormones. They also don’t have any artificial chemicals added to them. When examining the health effects of meat, it’s important to realize that not all meat is created equal.

 Red meat is very notorious

A 100 gram (3.5 ounces) portion of raw ground beef (10% fat) contains, Vitamin B3 (Niacin): 25% of the RDA. Vitamin B12 (Cobalamin): 37% of the RDA (this vitamin is unattainable from plant foods). Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxine): 18% of the RDA. Iron: 12% of the RDA (This is high quality heme-iron, which is absorbed much better than iron from plants). Zinc: 32% of the RDA. Selenium: 24% of the RDA. Then there are plenty of other vitamins and minerals in there too, in smaller amounts. This comes with a calorie count of 176, with 20 grams of quality animal protein and 10 grams of fat.

Red meat is also rich in important nutrients like Creatine and Carnosine. Non-meat eaters are often deficient in these nutrients, which can have negative effects on various aspects of health, including muscle and brain function. Grass-fed beef is even more nutritious than grain-fed, containing plenty of heart healthy Omega-3s, the fatty acid CLA, along with more Vitamins A and E.

Cardiovascular Disease, Diabetes and Death

The effects of red meat on health have been intensively studied. However, most of these studies are so-called observational studies, which cannot prove causation, just that some things are correlated. There are some observational studies out there saying that red meat is associated with a greater risk of cardiovascular disease, diabetes and death. However, if you look at larger studies that are of higher quality, you find that the effect of red meat diminishes.

In a massive review of 20 studies that included a total of 1,218,380 individuals, processed meat was associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease and diabetes. However, no association was found for unprocessed red meat. In the EPIC study, a very large observational study that includes 448,568 individuals, processed meat increased the risk of death while no effect was seen for unprocessed red meat.

When it comes to an increased risk of cardiovascular disease, diabetes and death it is crucial to distinguish between processed and unprocessed meat, because the two can have vastly different effects.

The observational studies seem to agree that processed meat (not unprocessed red meat) is associated with an increased risk of an early death and many diseases.

But even so, it’s important to keep in mind the limitations of these studies. Conclusions drawn from observational studies tend to be wrong. The only way to establish cause and effect is to perform randomized controlled trials.

Does Red Meat Increase Your Risk of Cancer?

There are many observational studies showing that red meat consumption is associated with an increased risk of cancer. The main type of cancer that red meat is believed to cause is colorectal cancer, the third most commonly diagnosed cancer in the world. A recurrent problem in these studies is that they seem to pool together processed meat and unprocessed red meat, which is unacceptable.

Meta-analyses where researchers analyse data from many studies show that the increased risk of colorectal cancer is very low. One meta-analysis found a weak effect for men, but no effect for women other studies show that it may not be the meat itself that is contributing to the increased risk, but harmful compounds that form when the meat is cooked.

Therefore, the cooking method may be a major determinant of the ultimate health effects of meat.

Here are some tips to make sure your meat doesn’t form these harmful compounds. Use gentler cooking methods like stewing and steaming instead of grilling and frying. Minimize cooking at high heats and never expose your meat to a flame. Do not eat charred and/or smoked food. If your meat is burnt, then cut away the charred pieces. If you marinate your meat in garlic, red wine, lemon juice or olive oil, it can reduce HCAs significantly. If you must cook at a high heat, flip your meat frequently to prevent it from getting burned.

Now I will admit that fried and grilled meat tastes awesome. I personally prefer the taste and texture of well-done meat. But if you want to enjoy meat and receive the full benefits without any of the potential harmful consequences, then use the gentler cooking methods and avoid burnt meat.

Where are those energy saving experts?

I have demonstrated how to cook rice and chicken curry by saving energy to a few TV shows and the one I done with Sirasa TV lasted nearly 45 minutes. One must see the actual video to believe me how I saved nearly 60% energy. This method has been practising for years and I look forward to help the general public in Great Britain as well. If I was disproved then there is a substantial sum of money to give away but if I was right what do I get? Your comments are welcomed perera6@hotmail.co.uk

සිදුහත් උපතටත් පෙර මෙරට දියුණු අවමංගල්‍ය චාරිත්‍ර පැවැති බවට සාක්‍ෂි යාන්ඔය සුසාන භූමියක කැණීම්වලින් හෙළිකර ගනී

October 3rd, 2016

උපුටා ගැන්ම දිවයින අනුරාධපුර විශේෂ – පර්සි කුරුනේරු 

සිදුහත් කුමාර උත්පත්තිය සිදුවීමට වසර දෙසීයකට ඉහත සිට එනම් ක්‍රිස්‌තු පූර්ව හයවන සියවසේ මෙරට ජනතාව සතුව අවමංගල්‍ය චාරිත්‍ර ඉටු කළ දියුණු චාරිත්‍රයක්‌ පැවැති බවට සාධක කහටගස්‌දිගිලිය කොක්‌ඇබේ ප්‍රදේශයේ යාන්ඔය නිම්නය ආශ්‍රිතව පිහිටි සුසාන භූමියක ශ්‍රී ලංකා රජරට විශ්වවිද්‍යාලයේ පුර විද්‍යා සහ උරුම කළමනාකරණ පීඨයේ අංශාධිපති ආචාර්ය තුසිත මෙන්ඩිස්‌ මහතා ඇතුළු කණ්‌ඩායමක්‌ සිදුකළ පුරා විද්‍යා කැණීම්වලදී හමු වී තිබේ. 

ආචාර්ය තුසිත මෙන්ඩිස්‌ මහතා ප්‍රමුඛ කථිකාචාර්යවරුන් වන මහාචාර්ය ආරිය ලගමුව, ටිකිරි බණ්‌ඩාර විඡේපාල, චන්දිම අඹන්වල සහ මදුමාලි නිමන්තිකා රණසිංහ යන මහත්ම මහත්මීන් සහ පුරා විද්‍යා සහ උරුම කළමනාකරණ පීඨයේ සිවු වන වසරේ ශිෂ්‍ය කණ්‌ඩායමක්‌ විසින් එම කැණීම් සිදු කොට ඇත.

ඒ අනුව එම සුසාන භූමියේ තෝරාගත් ස්‌ථාන තුනක කැණීම් සිදු කොට ඇති අතර එහිදී මෙගලිතික යුගයට අයත් ප්‍රාග් ඓතිහාසික සාධක රැසක්‌ සොයාගෙන තිබේ.

වර්ග 4 කට අයත් සාධක 215 ක්‌ පමණ එම කැණීම්වලදී හමුවූ බව ආචාර්ය තුසිත මෙන්ඩිස්‌ මහතා පැවැසීය. ඒ අතර මැටි මෙවලම්, වීදුරු, පබළු, කානේලියන් පබළු වැනි ද්‍රව්‍ය වන බවත් ඒ මහතා පැවැසීය.

මේ අතර නිල් සහ කොළ පැහැති වර්ණයෙන් යුත් පබළු අනූවකට වැඩි සංඛ්‍යාවක්‌ එම භරණය තුළ තිබී හමුවී ඇත.

ක්‍රි.පු. අටසියය පමණ කාලය වන විට මධ්‍ය යාන්ඔය නිම්නයේ ජීවත් වූ මිනිසුන් පබළු නිෂ්පාදනය කිරීමේ තාක්‌ෂණික ක්‍රියාවලිය පිළිබඳව මනා දැනුමකින් සිට ඇති බවට කැණීම්වලදී හමු වූ වීදුරු පබළුවලින් පැහැදිලි වන බවද පැවසූ ආචාර්ය තුසිත මෙන්ඩිස්‌ මහතා කැණීම් වලදී හමු වූ පුරා වස්‌තු සාම්පල කාල නිර්ණය කිරීම සඳහා යොමු කළ බවත් එම වාර්තාවට අනුව කොක්‌ඇබේ සුසාන සංකීර්ණය වසර දෙදහස්‌ අටසියයකට පමණ පෙර සකස්‌ කොට ඇති බවට සනාථ වී ඇති බවත් හෙතෙම පැවැසීය.

මේ අතර එම සුසාන සංකීර්ණය මෙරටින් හමුවූ ඉපැරණිතම මෙගලිsතික සුසානය බවත් පවසන ආචාර්ය තුසිත මෙන්ඩිස්‌ මහතා ඉතාමත් හොඳ සංස්‌කෘතික ලක්‌ෂණ වලින් පොහොසත් පිරිසක්‌ අතීතයේ අනුරාධපුර ප්‍රදේශයේ ජීවත් වූ බවට මෙම සුසානයේදී හමුවූ සාධකවලින් පැහැදිලි වන බවත් කීය.

මෙය විජය කතා පුවතට එහා යන ශ්‍රී ලාංකික ජනතාවගේ අනන්‍යතාවන් පිළිබිඹු කරන සංස්‌කෘතික ප්‍රවාහයක්‌ ලෙසට හැඳින්විය හැකි බවත් ඒ මහතා වැඩිදුරටත් පැවැසීය.

විග්නේශ්වරන්ගේ සහ ඊළාම් ඩයස්‌පෝරාවේ අපූරු සංහිඳියාව

October 3rd, 2016

කීර්ති වර්ණකුලසූරිය උපුටා ගැන්ම දිවයින

33 වැනි ජිනීවා මානව හිමිකම් සමුළුව නිමාවට පත්වී ඇත. එහෙත් මෙරට සංහිඳියාව ගැන හඬ නඟද්දී සුපුරුදු එන්. ජී. ඕ. කල්ලිය සිය පුරුදු ක්‍රියාදාමය තවදුරටත් ජිනීවාහිදී දියත් කරනු ලැබීය.

ඊළාම් ඩයස්‌පෝරාව පිටු 7 කින් යුත් රහස්‌ ලියවිල්ලක්‌ මානව හිමිකම් කොමසාරිස්‌ සෙයිද් රාද් හුසේන්ට භාර දී ශ්‍රී ලංකා රජය ජිනීවා යෝජනාව ක්‍රියාත්මක නොකරන බවට පැමිණිලි කළේය.

එහි මූලික කරුණු මෙසේය. පුනරුත්ථාපනය කළ හිටපු කොටින් විෂ එන්නත් මගින් මරාදමා ඇත. අතුරුදන්වූවන් විශාල ලෙස අතුරුදන් කළ ලොව දෙවැනි රට ශ්‍රී ලංකාවයි. හමුදාවට භාරවූ කොටි හමුදා නායකයන් 41 ක්‌ අතුරුදන් වී ඇත.

මෙයට පෙර හිටපු එක්‌සත් ජාතීන්ගේ නිලධාරිනි යස්‌මිත් සුකා පැවසුවේ කොටි හමුදා නායකයන් 200 ක්‌ අතුරුදන්වී ඇති බවයි. ද්‍රවිඩයන් 100 කට අධික පිරිසක්‌ රැඳවුම් භාරයේ තබාගෙන ඇත. හයිබ්‍රිඩ් අධිකරණයක්‌ ස්‌ථාපිත නොකරන බව රජය ප්‍රකාශ කර ඇත. උතුරේ අක්‌කර 67000 ක ප්‍රදේශයක හමුදාව රැඳී සිටියි.

ඊළාම් ජාලය වෙනුවෙන් මෙම රහස්‌ ලිපිය ඉදිරිපත් කර ඇත්තේ රටින් පිටත ඊළාම් ආණ්‌ඩුව නමැති සංවිධානයයි. මේ නිසා ජිනීවාහිදී සිදු වන්නේ කුමක්‌දැයි මෙරට බලධාරීන් නොදනී.

මොවුන් මෙලෙස මානව හිමිකම් කොමසාරිස්‌ට රහස්‌ ලිපියක්‌ භාරදෙද්දී තවත් එන්ජීඕ කල්ලියක්‌ උතුරේ හමුදාව රැඳී සිටින බවත් ඉඩම් පැහැරගෙන ඇති බවත් කියමින් බ්‍රිතාන්‍ය ද්‍රවිඩ සංසදය පැවැත්වූ සමුළුවකට සහභාගි වී ඇත. මේ සමුළුව මැද උතුරු මහ ඇමැති විග්නේශ්වරන් රජයේ සංහිඳියා පිළිවෙතට කාලබෝම්බයක්‌ පතිත කළේය. ඔහු ප්‍රභාකරන් දියත් කළ පොංගු තමිල් උළෙලට සමානව දෙමළ පිබිදීම නමින් බෙදුම්වාදී උද්ඝෝෂණයක්‌ දියත් කළේ රජයේ සම්පත් නීති විරෝධීව භාවිතකරමින්ය. යාපනය විශ්වවිද්‍යාල සිසුන් ද එම උද්ඝෝෂණයට එක්‌වී තිබේ.

මේ බෙදුම්වාදී පිළිවෙත කොතරම් දුරට වර්ධනය වූවාද කීවොත් යාපනය හින්දු විදුහලේ සිසුන් තිලීපන් නැමති කොටියා සැමරීමටද එක්‌විය.

මෙලෙස විග්නේශ්වරන් දෙමළ පිබිදීම නම් වූ උද්ඝෝෂණය උතුරේ මෙහෙයවද්දී ඊට සමානව ජිනීවා නුවරදී ඊළාම් ඩයස්‌ පෝරාව ශ්‍රී ලංකාවට එරෙහිව උද්ඝෝෂණයක්‌ පවත්වා ඇත.

එම උද්ඝෝෂණයෙන් කියා සිsටියේ ශ්‍රී ලංකාවට එරෙහිව යුද අපරාධ චෝදනා ජාත්‍යන්තර අධිකරණයට ඉදිරිපත් කළ යුතු බවයි. මේ උද්ඝෝෂණයේ ඡායාරූප අප මිත්‍රයකු වූ ප්‍රැන්කොයිස්‌ සේරා එවා ඇත.

මෙම ඊළාම්වාදීහු එම උද්ඝෝෂණය පැවැත්වූ සැප්තැම්බරය විශේෂත්වයක්‌ උසුලයි. ඒ වසර 18 කට පෙර කොටි ලයන් එයාර් යානාව මිසයිල ප්‍රහාරයකින් වැනසීමයි. 1998 සැප්තැම්බර් 28 දා සිදුවූ මෙම ලයන් එයාර් ප්‍රහාරයෙන් මගීන් 55 ක්‌ මරණයට පත්වූහ. එසේ නම් ජිනීවාහිදී උද්ඝෝෂණ පවත්වා ඇත්තේ සැබෑ යුද අපරාධකරුවන් නොවේද?

මේ පසුබිම මැද ජිනීවාහිදී සංහිඳියාව ගැන හඬනැඟීමෙන් ඵලක්‌ තිබේද? ඊළාම් ඩයස්‌පෝරාව සහ උතුරු මහ ඇමැති විග්නේශ්වරන් දියත් කර අත්තේ එකම ක්‍රියාදාමයකි. ඒ සංහිඳියා මුවාවෙන් බෙදුම්වාදී ඉලක්‌කය සපුරා ගැනීමයි. මේ පසුබිම මැද බළලා මල්ලෙන් එළියට පැන්නා යන කියමනට සමාන සිද්ධියක්‌ එළිවිය. එය අතුරුදන් වූ බව කියන කොටි හමුදා නායකයන් 200 කගෙන් 159 ක නම් ජිනීවා මානව හිමිකම් සමුළුව වෙත ඉදිරිපත් වූ වාර්තාවකින් ඉවත්වී තිබීමයි.

එහි තේරුම නම් එම කොටි 159 ක පිරිසට යුරෝපයේ රටවල් කීපයක දේශපාලන රැකවරණ ලැබීමයි. රටින් පිටත ඊළාම් ආණ්‌ඩුව විසින් මානව හිමිකම් කොමසාරිස්‌ සෙයිද් රාද් හුසේන් වෙත ඉදිරිපත් කළ පිටු 7 ක වාර්තාවේ මේ බව දක්‌වා තිබිණි.

එහෙත් දේශපාලන රැකවරණ ලත් මේ කොටි 159 ක පිරිස කවුදැයි යුරෝපා රටවල් හෙළි කරන්නේ නැත. මේ තත්ත්වය මැද ද්‍රවිඩ සංධානය ද්විත්ව චරිතයක්‌ මවයි. අපි උතුරේ උද්ඝෝෂණයට සම්බන්ධ නැතැයි ද්‍රවිඩ සංධාන නායක ආර්. සම්පන්ධන් ප්‍රකාශ කර තිබේ.

එහෙත් ද්‍රවිඩ සංධානයේ සටන්පාඨ වූ “හිටපු කොටි ක්‍රියාකාරීන් නිදහස්‌ කරනු, පෙඩරල් පාලනය දෙනු, හයිබ්‍රිඩ් අධිකරණයක්‌ ස්‌ථාපිත කරනු” යන ප්‍රකාශ විග්නේශ්වරන්ගේ උද්ඝෝෂණයේ දක්‌නට ලැබිණි. එහෙත් සංහිඳියාව ගැන හඬ නඟන එන්ජීඕ චක්‍රවර්තිලා විග්නේශ්වරන්ට එරෙහිව කිසිදු හඬක්‌ නඟා නැත. රජයේ දේශපාලකයන් කිහිප දෙනෙක්‌ ඊට එරෙහිව විරෝධය පළකර ඇතත් සංහිඳියා කාර්ය සාධන බළකායද කිසිම ප්‍රකාශයක්‌ කර නැත.

මෙලෙස විග්නේශ්වරන් උතුරේ ගිනි ඇවිළවීමට උත්සාහ කරද්දී සංහිඳියා කාර්ය සාධක බළකායේ ක්‍රියාකාරිකයකුට එක්‌සත් ජාතීන්ගේ සංවිධානය දැකබලාගැනීමේ පින පෑදී තිබිණි.

කීර්ති වර්ණකුලසූරිය

EU links human rights to trade: 58 conditions for GSP Plus

October 3rd, 2016

By Our Diplomatic Editor Courtesy Sunday Times Sunday, May 08, 2016

Human Rights Action Plan etc. called for; talks in Brussels next week

In its haste to regain the GSP Plus facility, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs has agreed with the European Union (EU) to implement a sprawling list of 58 conditions linking human rights, national security and other domestic concerns with trade, a document obtained by the Sunday Times shows.

Among the 58 conditions imposed are to revoke the Prevention of Terrorism Act, to expedite cases of remaining detainees, to introduce a new Human Rights Action Plan, review the status of the Tamil diaspora organisations and individuals on the terrorist list, to devolve power under the new Constitution, return all private lands to owners in the North, adopt a policy of National Reconciliation and on National Resettlement, finalise the re-settlement of all displaced persons, and to ratify the Convention on Enforced Disappearances with accompanying legislation as well as issue certificates of absence.

The EU insists that the conditions be met before Sri Lanka can even consider applying for the GSP Plus. The stringent stipulations come with short deadlines (most have now elapsed) and were accepted by the Foreign Ministry “without any form of negotiations” at the EU-Sri Lanka Working Group on Governance, Rule of Law and Human Rights in January, authoritative sources said.

Many were kept in the dark about the list, the sources said, adding that Prime Minister Ranil Wickremesinghe had been “furious” when he learned of all the commitments made. He has appointed a steering committee to process it. Meanwhile, the MFA is expected to update the list to reflect new deadlines.

“This is a clever ploy by the EU to rope us in on so many commitments and actions that it will be holding us to for many, many years to come,” a senior official said on condition of anonymity. “After all, given our middle income status, Sri Lanka is eligible for the GSP Plus only for a few more years.”

David Daly, EU Ambassador to Sri Lanka, has informed the Government that implementation will be monitored and that it will be necessary to quantify progress, wherever possible. He has said that a “continuous flow of progress from Sri Lanka” is a key factor in being able to decide when Sri Lanka should lodge its application.

Commerce Director Sonali Wijeratne, who is said to be vehemently opposed to linking trade with human rights, is being sent to the Belgian capital, Brussels, for further talks next week. Ms Wijeratne will lead a delegation to the EU-Sri Lanka Working Group on Trade and Economic Relations Cooperation scheduled for Wednesday. She has asked to include Additional Solicitor General Yasantha Kodagoda in the team to handle the non-trade components of the discussions.

The Government has committed to rehabilitate all ex-combatants by 2017 and to amend the Code of Criminal Procedure to include the rights of detainees by 2016. It has been agreed to adopt new regulations for public disorder management by the police by the end of March 2016; review the Public Security Ordinance; expedite the processing of remaining cases referred to by the UN Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances; and to establish an office on Missing Persons.

The Government has agreed to “security sector reform”; to put an end to “all surveillance, harassment and reprisals against civil society, human rights defenders and journalists”; propose legislation allowing individuals to submit complaints to the UN Human Rights Committee under the First Optional Protocol to the ICCPR and to the UN Committee against Torture; and to “reconsider the decision to establish the Press Council”.

The list also includes an undertaking to propose legislative changes to ensure non-discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation; to expedite prosecution of reported cases of torture; to launch wide public consultation and to disseminate information during the various stages of setting up a transitional justice mechanism; and to design a transitional justice architecture consistent with the Human Rights Council resolution and the results of the public consultation.

A fortnight ago, the European Commission decided to put forward a favourable report to lift the ban on Sri Lankan fish imports after the country was ‘red flagged’ for engaging in IUU (Illegal, Unreported, Unregulated) fishing practices. The EU Council of Ministers was expected to endorse the Commission’s recommendations.

පාර්ලිමේන්තුවට ඉදිරිපත්කොට සම්මත කිරිමට යන විහාර දේවාලගම් සංශෝධන කෙටුම්පත හා සංඝ කතිකාවත ආණ්ඩු ඉදිරිපත්ව සංඝයා භේදකිරීමට අටවන කෙමනක්

October 3rd, 2016

ජනමාධ් නිවේදනය  ජාතික භික්ෂු පෙරමුණ 

මහානායක හිමිවරුන්ගේ මතය නොසලකා පාර්ලිමේන්තුවට ඉදිරිපත්කොට සම්මත කිරිමට යන විහාර දේවාලගම් සංශෝධන කෙටුම්පත හා සංඝ කතිකාවත ආණ්ඩු ඉදිරිපත්ව සංඝයා භේදකිරීමට අටවන කෙමනක්

වත්මන් ආණ්ඩුවේ බුද්ධ ශාසන අමාත්‍යවරයා මුල්ව ඔක් 4 වන දින විහාර දේවාලගම් සංශෝධන පනත් කෙටුම්පතක් හා සංඝ කතිතාවතක් පාර්ලිමේන්තුුවට ඉදිරිපත් කිරීමට සූදානමින් සිටියි. ඒ සම්බන්ධනව මහානායක හිමිවරුන්ගේ මත විමසීමේදී උන්වහන්සේලා මෙම සංශෝධිත පණතට සපුරා විරුද්ධ බව මාධ්‍ය මගින් මනාව කරුණු වාර්තා කෙරිණි. ඒ අනුව සංඝ සමාජයේ කිසිදු වුවමණාවකින් හෝ අත්‍යාවශ්‍ය සාකච්ඡුාවකින් තොරව හුදු ආණ්ඩුවේ හා බුද්ධ ශාසන අමාත්‍යවරයාගේ වුවමණාවට ගෙනෙනවායැයි සැක විරහිතව ඒත්තුයන ඉහත සඳහන් කෙටුම්පත් හා කතිකාවත් ආණ්ඩුව ඉදිරිපත්ව බලහත්කාරයෙන් සංඝයා මත පටවා සංඝයා භේදකිරීමට අටවන කෙමනක් බව අපගේ විශ්වාසයයි.

එසේ විශ්වාස කිරීමට සහේතුක කරුණු ඇත. එනම් විහාර දේවාලගම් පනතේ දියවඩන නිලමේ වරයා පත්කිරිම පිළිබඳ සංශෝධන කළයුතු යැයි බලවත් සාකච්චාවක් මෙතෙක් පැනනැගුණේ නැත. පැවති එකම සාකච්චාව නම් පසුගිය සමයේ දියවඩන නිළමේ වරයා පත්කිරීමේදි බෞද්ධ කටයුතු කොමසාරිස්වරයා මධ්‍යස්ථව කටයුතු නොකළ බවට වූ චෝදනාවයි. එසේ වුවත් ඉහත කාර්යය මේ වන විට සිදුවී හමාරය. එසේ නොවී නිලමේ වරයා පත්කිරීමේ බලය එක් එක් නිකායවලට හෝ පාර්ශ්වවලට ඉල්ලා සිටීමේ කිසිදු අවශ්‍යතාවක් හෝ කතිකාවක්

පසුගිය සමය පුරා නොපැවතිණි. සංඝ සමාජයේ හෝ බෞද්ධ සමාජයේ අවශ්‍යතාවක් ලෙස පැන නොනැගි කාරණයක් බලහත්කාරයෙන් ඔබ්බවන්නට දරන වෑයමක් ලෙස වත්මන් රජයේ මේ උත්සාහය අපි දකින්නෙමු.

මේ රටේ සුවහසක් දැවනෙ ප‍්‍රශ්න පවතී. ආණ්ඩුවක් කළ යුත්තේ ඒවාට නිසි පිළියම් යෙදීම සඳහා අවශ්‍ය පනත් කෙටුම්පත් ආදිය සොයා බලා ගෙනඒමයි. එනමුත් ඒවා පිළිබඳ නොකර කතා වෘතය රකින ආණ්ඩුව ලහි ලහියේ විහාරදේවාලගම් පනත හා සංඝ කතිකාවත්වල එල්ලී බලහත්කාරයකට සැරසෙමින් සිටියි.

මහානායක හිමිවරුන්ගේ විරෝධතා ආදිය නොසලකා ආණ්ඩුව මෙම පනත් පාර්ලිමේන්තුගත කොට සම්මත කිරීමට උත්සාහ ගන්නේ නම් ඒ පිළිබඳව වහා සංඝයා දැනුවත්කොට මහත්වූ විරෝධතාවක් බලගැන්වීමට ජාතික භික්‍ෂු පෙරමුණ නොපසුබටව කි‍්‍රයාත්මක වන බව මුළුමහත් රට හමුවේ අවධාරණය කොට තබන්නෙමු.

මෙයට,

‍ලේකම්,

ශාස්ත‍්‍රපති, 

වකමුල්ලේ උදිත හිමි

 

සභාපති, 

සියම් මහ නිකායේ මල්වතු 

පාර්ශ්වයේ, කන්දබඩපත්තුව 

ඇතුළු මාතර පළාතේ ප‍්‍රධාන සංඝනායක, 

ශාස්ත‍්‍රපති, 

හඳුගල රතනපාල නාහිමි

 

ප‍්‍රධාන අනුශාසක,

ශී‍්‍ර ලංකා රාමඤ්ඤ මහ නිකායේ 

අධිකරණ ලේඛකාධිකාරී, 

මහාචාර්ය, 

අත්තංගනේ රතනපාල නාහිමි 

 

සම්බන්ධීකරණය සඳහා :- 071-8082647

කොළඹ දිනපතාම කුණු මෙටි්‍රක්‌ ටොන් 800 ක්‌ බැහැර කිරීමට තැනක්‌ නැති වීම ගැටලුවක්‌ No place to dispose garbage in Colombo

October 3rd, 2016

Dr Sarath Obeysekera

It is sad that politicians and technocrats turn blind eye when I proposed to send the old garbage lying in Meetotamulle to Mutharajawela on to a 10 acre land and install a garbage baling plant to compress garbage .If it is not feasible I have another proposal

There are three barges lying in Trinco harbour ,imported by CEB which can carry 5000 ton each. These barges were given to CEB by Chinese company who never consulted local marine Engineers that these barges cannot transport coal from the large bulk carrier –ships to Norrochcholai Coal power plant as they are not self-propelled.

Barges  have to be towed by a tug and they  cannot be placed at a stationery position alongside of the bulk carrier anchored in the deep sea.During unloading most of the coal fall into the sea as the barge keep moving during unloading .

Now CEB has tied the barges in Trinco and left to rust after paying a colossal amount of money .We gave a proposal to CEB and offered to make them self-propelled ( means installing engines and propellers) so that they can be used ,CEB does not want it as the Indian Contractor who brought five barges which are self propelled and  now carrying out the transportation of coal  .

This contract managed by Ceylon Shipping Corporation is also concluded with some involvement of some higher ups in previous regime so that a kick back is accommodated ( as rumour say) .

CEB as usual full of electrical engineers who never listen to others as they think that they are the most wisest in Sri Lanka .

They should have obtained advise from Marine Engineers before they paid Chinese under the loan .

CEB called tenders and requested offers to buy the barges and we offered to modify but the GM of CEB was never interested .Then a shipping company offered 250,000 dollars each to buy them following a tender, but the CEB “wise tender Board “refused to sell claiming that it is worth more .Actually new barge would cost over 1.5 million Dollars

Then they hired a “white man” to do a valuation paying colossal amount of money    who gave a valuation of over 900,000 Dollars and CEB called tenders again .

This time offer was not even 75,000 Dollars which 1/3rd of the previous offer by the same local shipping company!

Now CEB is stranded and do not know what to do !

I suggest following ..

Barge is 80mx25mx 3,5m draft in loaded condition ( 5000 ton capacity) to be made self-propelled and anchor in Kelani River by the bank closer to Colombo where you install baling machine to bale ( means compress and make 1mx1m blocks) .And the two other barges can be loaded with baled garbage and transport them to Muthurajawela along the sea ,providing that the draft of the river is over 3 -4 meters and the bridges have the width to go underneath

Failing you build some smaller barges to carry the garbage

Over to Megapolis ……………..

Dr Sarath Obeysekera

.50 BB’ ANTI-MATERIEL RIFLE BY BARRETT USA 

October 3rd, 2016

By,  Professor Nishan C. Wijesinha (Professor and founder of Theravada Sinhalese Society), Ethul Kotte, Kotte; SRI LANKA. 

It was a standard acceptance that 12 and 16 bore shotguns and rifles such as the T 56, which used fire arms ammunition were lethal.

But the .50 BB’s changed this concept completely. Now with a .50 BB air gun one can kill on site any individual. These are the type of weapons used against “The Leaders” editor Mr. Lasantha. This also clarifies that these assassinations were carried out by politically manured close colleagues of the Leader Newspaper’s former editor Mr. Lasantha; to put the blame on the former Defense Secretary and the political regime; as this is evident from even the postmortem results.

The .50 BB is a recoil-operated, semi-automatic anti-materiel rifle developed by the American Barrett Firearms Manufacturing company. It is used by many around the world to sniper animals. Despite its designation as an anti-materiel rifle, it is used by some as an anti-personnel sniper rifle. It is also called the Light Fifty for its .50 BMG (12.7×99mm NATO) chambering. The weapon is found in two variants, the original M82A1 (and A3) and the bullpup M82A2. The M82A2 is no longer manufactured, though the XM500 can be seen as its successor.

Please see photo below.

amrifle

Finally I can say that the country SRI LANKA is being drained off politically by worldwide Tamil Eelam population; and that the Sinhalese are heading towards a volcano blow off unless and otherwise they adhere to the corrected political Sinhalese state precepts put forward by me in the website http://kuweni.comli.com

 

Sinhalese Thank Wigneswaran’s Racism

October 2nd, 2016

Shenali D Waduge

We must owe a lot of gratitude to the Northern Provincial Chief Minister for his racism which has helped wake up quite a lot of Sinhalese from their slumber. We must confess that the Chief Minister has achieved what many of us have been trying to do. With the recently concluded Jaffna protests coupled with the attacks on the Sathosa retail outlet and Jaffna university students openly commemorating a dead LTTE cadre (Thileepan), the Sinhalese are taking out their history books and questioning the legitimacy of what Wigneswaran and other Tamil racists are now demanding.

Let’s just logically assess the situation. For any ethnic group to be demanding that they were the historical inhabitants of an area they must forward historical proof and not propaganda. The island was invaded 17 times by South Indians and inspite of the destructions there still remains Buddhist sites in the North which further reveals that there would have been plenty of Buddhist sites in the North before they were destroyed by both Indian and the 3 colonial invaders. Finally, Sinhalese are also thinking on these lines.

If Tamils were the original inhabitants how can there be Tamils in South India as well? The same ethnic group cannot evolve from 2 different countries? Lets not forget that Tamil Nadu has been claiming the self-determination rights before the Tamils in Sri Lanka. There cannot be 2 homelands for the same ethnic people. More and more Sinhalese are now asking this question too.

The other important factor is that there is sufficient evidence historically to prove that Sinhalese were living and having a civilization in the North from 1st century AD. Thankfully the Sinhalese are waking up.

The Tamils cannot plug a period that Tamil Nadu invaders ruled after the Sinhale kings and then say this was their homeland. By all logic the Sinhalese must say the North was the homeland of the Sinhalese as well and historical proof is ample to showcase this.

Wigneswaran claims Tamil Homeland – Where?

The Sinhalese are now asking. All agree it is nowhere but in South India where Tamils originally came from, where Tamil language and culture originate from and where Tamil customs and traditions. Every aspect of Tamil culture and traditions finds their root to Tamil Nadu therefore there is nothing to claim anything as having evolved in North Sri Lanka. Apart from spending a lot of money on plugging ‘Tamil Homeland’ to every demand there is absolutely no historical proof of such to claim that Tamils evolved from this so-called area.

Wigneswaran claims no Buddhist history in North Sri Lanka

Thankfully the Sinhalese are not only asking each other this question but also taking out the books, some are even googling articles – what a relief!  Jaffna peninsula and Nagadipa is mentioned when Buddha first visited Sri Lanka. Yapane derives from Sinhalese Yapapatuna. Nagas who were related to the ruling royal family in Kelaniya were the ancient inhabitants of Jaffna. A Kiripalu tree was said to have been consecrated by Buddha while in 2nd century AD King Bhatikatissa built a relic house at the foot of this tree. King Aggbodhi II during the 6th century AD patronized this same vihara.

King Devanampiyatissa’s envoys set off to India from Jambukola port the same port that Sanghamitta theraniya came with the sacred Bodhi tree. Here too a temple was built and a sapling planted by King Devanampiyatissa. King Kanithatissa in the 2nd century AD repaired the Tissamahavihara builty by King Devanampiyatissa and was improved by Voharikatissa in 3rd century AD. In the 11th century King Vijayabahu I repaired the Jambukola vihara. The Vasabhas gold plate found in Vallipuram near Point Pedro mentions a vihara built by Piyaguka tissa where some 12,000 monks are said to have resided. Another vihara (Mangala vihara) was restored by King Dhatusena in the 5th century AD. There are many other viharas that have been built by Sinhala kings in the North.

A Chola inscript in the 8th year of Rajadhiraja II rule mentions preparations for a port in Uratota today known as Kayts another evidence that Sinhalese Kings were ruling the North. Port Valigama (Vallikaman) is mentioned in Sigiri Graffiti which again proves that Valigama was populated by Sinhalese in 8th century.

All these proves beyond a shadow of a doubt that from 1st century to 11th century the Sinhalese royal authority prevailed and Sinhalese people were living in the Northern peninsula.

Wigneswaran can please disprove above with historical evidence only!

So when and from where did Tamils come?

Tamils never evolved in Sri Lanka. They came as migrants and after invasions first with the Chola invasions during the 13th century till the Aryacakravarti rule.

The take away from this is that these were invasions and the Tamils that remained were not originally from North Sri Lanka. To claim Tamil homeland the Tamils must have been born and formed a civilization. There has to be remnants of that civilization. We cannot find any such.

However, the Sinhalese have enough of Buddhist remains to showcase.

Kantaroda – near Valigama (Valikaman) where 22 dagabas are found. There is a huge limestone Buddha statue recovered from excavations in the Jaffna Archaeological Musuem (hopefully it is still there)

Neelavehera (Nilavarai) situated in Valigama where the upper part of a Buddha statue modelled in the Abhaya-mudra has been discovered. Another dagaba close to the statue dates back to 10th century.

Hunugama (Chunnakam) is where another dagoba was found near the rail track. There are many other dagobas found throughout the Jaffna peninsula.

Gothamaluwatta (Gottamalivattai) is where several Buddhist sites have been found along the route taken by Sangamitta theri. Gotha is taken as an abbreviated term for Gotami/Gautami which means honoured.

What is also important to note is that all these place names now Tamilized were originally in Sinhala. Please refer work of Prof. Chandra Dharmawardha.

Kamalika Pieris in several articles covering Buddhism in Ancient Jaffna highlights that Buddha’s first visit to Sri Lanka was to Nagadipa which is part of the ‘solosmastana’ (16 places of worship of Buddhists).

Paul E Pieris claims that Nagadipa was the name given to Jaffna peninsula and its islands – even addressing the Royal Asiatic Society reconfirming that Jaffna was part of the ancient Sinhala Buddhist civilization. The Vallipuram gold plate found around 1936 confirmed Nakadiva (Nagadipa) was the ancient name given to Jaffna. Jaffna was an island separated from the mainland by a narror strip of water and became linked to the mainland only in the 18th century.

Therefore, theatrics aside Jaffna must be renamed Nagadipa and the Nainativu temple must be relocated to Jaffna.

There are hundreds and hundreds of artefacts and historical proof to show the Sinhalese were living in the North – what can Wigneswaran show to claim Tamils were living in the North BEFORE the Sinhalese and that Tamils evolved in the North? This should be the question that needs to be answered. However you cannot have the same people evolving in two places. In other words you cannot have Tamils evolving in Tamil Nadu at the same time Tamils evolving in Sri Lanka. Let us not forget that the self-determination struggle started in Tamil Nadu and that was the key reason why the struggle was palmed off to Sri Lanka by India through militancy.

We must also not fall prey to Sinhalese originating from Prince Vijaya. This is another myth fed into our system. The 4 tribes were known as Sivu-hela and this in time came to be Sinhale and they were living in the island far before Vijaya and his men landed.

A further search and queries will bring to light that King Senarath despatched Mudaliar Attapattu to Jaffna in 1619 following the Portuguese conquest. Why would King Senarath the Kandyan King despatch his finest officer to Jaffna? Good question – the simple answer is that Jaffna was a kinglet of the Kandyan Kingdom as was the East. According to Father Queyroz the King had despatched 10,000 men to defend Jaffna. The last battle for the defense of Jaffna before it fell to European powers was fought not by a Tamil army but by Sinhalese men sent by the King of Kandy. As Queroyz says “as long as Rajapure (Anuradhapura) was the capital of Ceylon, the whole island was subject to one kng” If it was so with Anuradhapura, it was so with the rest of the capitals. When the Portuguese arrived in 1505 there were 15 ‘kinglets’ subject to the King of Kotte of which Jaffnapatao kinglet was one and none of them were independent or separate from the rest.

Leaving all this aside – the simple logic is that if the Tamils evolved in the island then they should not be called Tamils. Sinhalese are not found anywhere else in the world except in Sri Lanka. Vijaya didn’t speak Sinhala nor is there any people called Sinhalese in any of the independent kingdoms that became known as India when British amalgamated these kingdoms. Sinhalese people, Sinhalese language all evolved in Sri Lanka.

Now let us take the demands placed during Wigneswarans racist protests.

  1. Stop Sinhala Buddhisization of Tamil Homeland – Reading the above, you will realize what an absurd and preposterous demand this is. It is no surprise that there are steps underway funded by foreign sources to have integrit-less academics re-write bizarre history in keeping with this. Please must be aware of ground realities and refuse to play a part. First it was Stop Sinhala Colonization now its Stop Sinhala Buddhisization –what will be the next slogan?
  1. Federal Solution recognizing the Tamil nation, its sovereignty and its right to self-determination – A federal solution is just a form of system to facilitate governance how can it recognize a Tamil nation? If its sovereign is it part of a nation? How can there be self-determination… please don’t fall for these lies.
  1. International investigation for genocide –It’s now 7 years Wigneswaran nor any of those claiming x number of people died have yet to produce the names. We have given a list of over 200 Tamils killed by LTTE – isn’t that genocide too?
  1. Remove occupying forces – A national army of a country does not occupy. They are the legitimate unit to defend the nation and protect its people. If anyone is occupying the North it is Wigneswaran who was parachuted from Colombo and made the Chief Minister of the North. Ideally a man living in the North should have been allowed to contest the post not a man who had been living all his life in the South with the Sinhalese.
  1. Ensure the safety, security and dignity of Tamil women – where was Wigneswaran when Tamil women and children were taken by force and turned into child soldiers and LTTE cadres? Who are raping these children and women – is it not the Tamil fathers and relations? Who are supplying liquor and narcotics that have turned the Jaffna youth into druggies and boozers? Isnt these narcotics coming from India and LTTE runs international narcotics while the taverns are all run by Tamils?
  1. Stop harassing former combatants? What kind of demand is this? The Sri Lankan Army rehabilitated them, the child soldiers were given a Presidential amnesty, they were given tutors and they passed their exams, they were married in ceremonies organized by the army, some of them are filmstars, singers and actors – who enabled all of these? It was not Wigneswaran or the TNA but the Sri Lankan Army and the former government. Nowhere in the world are combatants treated like ours – in other countries LTTE would have been charged for their crimes as should have been all others linked to LTTE. Its not too late though.
  1. Restore our lands – we return to the same question. What lands, prove so first.
  1. Stop plundering our marine resources – was this demand drafted by the Indians because if anyone is plundering Sri Lanka’s marine resources it is not Sri Lankans but the Indians.
  1. Prevent unlawful and forcible encroachment and fishing by Southern fishermen on our coasts and seas! Remove existing illegal encroachments – What kind of demand is this? Southern Sri Lankan fishermen cant fish in the North but the Indian fishermen can steal our fish from the North. Very funny!
  1. Prevent forcible & arbitrary entry of Southern fishermen into our seas – these demands are getting really hilarious – Wiggy says Indians can steal fish but the rest of the country’s fishermen cant fish in their country’s legally provisioned seas!
  1. Release political prisoners unconditionally – For an ex-judge Wigneswaran really needs to take out his books and realize that LTTE who took up arms against a state and killed unarmed civilians are not qualified to be categorized as political prisoners.
  1. Ensure justice for the forcibly disappeared – Names please, and then we can check how many of these disappeared are living in foreign shores.
  1. Stop seizing our traditional lands – this is a repeat of demand 7
  1. Stop destroying our culture – what culture is that? The Tamils in the North are fixated to everything South Indian – why not tell them to stop destroying your culture
  1. Stop subjecting us to total economic depression – wonder what type of economic development existed under 30 year rule of Prabakaran in the North. Can we please have some statistics of the booming economy in the North when LTTE ruled… some districts didn’t even have electricity and were restored by the former government, some areas didn’t even have schools and not even a road was built?

shenali28091602

It is seriously advised that the racism of Wigneswaran stop. All that the Sinhalese say is that Tamils have no right to demand a homeland and seek to separate our small island nation.

We are a small island nation and the country is for all of us to live in. No one has any right to be dividing and cutting up the country to pieces plucking out terminologies used to carve out other nations.

If the Tamils are coming out with lies to secure bogus demands we will challenge this by demanding proof because we are well aware that a Sinhale civilization existed and there are ample proof of this existence.

The bottomline is that while the Sinhalese are prepared to share the country we will not agree to any sharing that compartmentalizes people on ethnic or religious lines. Therefore the Sinhalese are advised to be alert to the attempts being made to change the constitution using these bogus demands to justify the existence of a bogus homeland theory.

If so the Sinhalese must place their demands for Sinhale homeland that existed until it was handed over to foreign powers by local traitors as is happening now.

It is good for some patriotic academics and researchers to come out with more facts to demolish this myth being floated just like the lies floated to justify military interventions in Iraq, Afghanistan, Libya and now Syria. Yes, the same culprits are involved and are working with local traitors in Sri Lanka.

Shenali D Waduge

  • Some ancient Buddhists sites in the Jaffna Peninsula and their probable ancient names – Prepared in 2006 by Chandre Dharmawardana
  • Writings of Ven. Medhananda thero
  • Paul E Pieris ‘Nagadipa and Buddhist remains in Jaffna’ (1917)

Will India allow Wigneswaran & Jaffna University to commemorate LTTE Dhanu for assassinating Rajiv Gandhi?

October 2nd, 2016

Shenali D Waduge

Why is it that after May 2009 and before January 2015 there were virtually no attempts to commemorate LTTE dead but suddenly there are not only commemorations of LTTE dead, people are openly aligning with LTTE separatist ideology while some are openly writing to the President of the US to deproscribe the LTTE. Very bold initiatives in deed. Wonder who are encouraging these? If the present government seeks not to take action against the open separatist racism eschewed from the likes of TNA, its leaders and Wigneswaran vying to replace Prabakaran, why not they commemorate Dhanu and all others who plotted the assassination of Rajiv Gandhi? It was afterall the 1st successful killing of a foreign leader on foreign soil by LTTE. After World War 2 no one could so much as keep even a pin resembling Nazi rule as denazification programs gave a blanket over entire Germany. Alas with no denazification of LTTE and separatism we have again become victim of separatist propaganda. Why are Tamils commemorating only Thileepan and why not Dhanu?

There is a background to militancy in Sri Lanka and that background understanding cannot omit the fact that India trained, armed and financed Tamil militant groups clandestinely in India and placed them under the tutelage of Indian intelligence RAW during the rule of Indian PM Indira Gandhi. This throws to the dustbin all notions of Sri Lanka’s conflict being ethnic.

Therefore the golden question is – upto which point was RAW directly handling LTTE and Prabakaran and thereafter who helped steer LTTEs murderous ways.

Indira Gandhi was assassinated by her own bodyguards on 31 October 1984. The leadership mantle fell into the hands of her son a virtual novice in politics. His brother’s death in 1980 and his mother’s assassination in 1984 made an unwilling pilot enter politics. He failed to become a prefect at Doon School, he failed his final examination at Cambridge and returned home minus a degree but with an Italian who went on to become his wife and eventually the first foreign-born PM of India.

The July 83 riots enabled LTTE & other India Trained militants to come out into the open with a reason for their existence. The Indian links were put under the carpet.

It was also during this period that Mossad entered the scene. Any nation desiring to market arms is not bothered who they sell to and that’s how both sides not only ended up buying arms but getting trained together too! LTTE training in Israel was according to Victor Ostrovsky arranged via RAW. Sending IPKF to disarm LTTE is also not likely to make those who sell arms to LTTE happy! There are wheels within wheels inside any conflict which is why nothing can ever be understood in black and white and why UN cannot simply get some officials to put some notes together and offer that as a peace proposal or solution.

It is also interesting that President Premadasa closed the Israeli Interests Section in the US embassy in 1990 and ordered 2 Israeli diplomats to leave Colombo and Reuters reported in September 1991 that Mossad was plotting to impeach him.  Premadasa was assassinated by LTTE on 1 May 1993.

According to India Today, Sivarasan the mastermind behind the assassination of Rajiva had a Plan B if Plan A failed in Delhi using a travel agency (V Kalyasundaram, President Travel Service) run by Mani Shankar Aiyers wife Suneet revealed in a diary seized by CBI from a LTTE safehouse.

LTTE had selected a light complexioned 17 year old suicide bomber for the Delhi job and she was handled by Kanagasabapathy who was a retired Tamil government servant and both were in a rented apartment in Moti Bagh/Delhi.

According to India Today, LTTE had been working for months opening safehouses in Chennai and had even used Congress MP Maragatham Chandrasekhar to get their human bomb close to Rajiv Gandhi. http://indiatoday.intoday.in/story/rajiv-gandhi-killers-had-plan-b-ready-to-target-him-in-delhi/1/346208.html

According to Neena Gopal the last journalist to have interviewed Rajiv Gandhi and was just yards away when he was blown up, the intercepted VHS communications by LTTE to ‘dump’ Rajiv had come a year before the actual assassination.

Chandran, additional secretary in the Cabinet Secretariat and in charge of R&AW in Sri Lanka was in charge of Prabakaran in India was to say “We never believed he (Prabakaran) would turn against us in this manner. We should have seen it coming. We didn’t. We failed Rajiv Gandhi, we failed to save his life,”

Rajiv was killed on May 21, 1991, Sriperumbudur, Tamil Nadu.

Given that the plan was put in place in 1990 a year before the assassination and involved a network of both Indians and Sri Lankans, it is strange that Asia’s biggest intelligence agency failed to discover the plot in particular because their man ‘Mahattaya’ was serving as deputy to Prabakaran and earmarked to succeed him. After Prabakaran came to know that he was leaking information to RAW, Mahattaya was relieved of his posts in 1992, arrested in 1993 and executed in 1994. Rajiv Gandhi was killed in May 1991 the planning of the murder was in 1990 – Mahaththaya was part of Prabakaran’s inner circle – he had to have known of the plan which means his foreign handlers also would have been informed! Very curious indeed.

This period saw another controversy. The Bofors scandal accusing Rajiv Gandhi of allowing and watching kickbacks to Indian politicians in a $15billion gun contract – a case no different to the inaction taken by the current Sri Lankan Prime Minister regarding the Central Bank Bond Scam. If Rajiv is guilty of protecting Quattrocchi is it no different to how those responsible for the Bond Scam have got away. Bofors resulted in Rajivs election defeat in 1989! History does repeat!

Then to confound matters further we have Subramaniam Swamy accusing Sonia and her family of using LTTE to smuggle artefacts out of India to Italy – https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=u4JXu1t5QCM

There are more questions than answers following the assassination. LTTE’s crocodile tears at the killings, Rajivs widow and daughter visiting the murderers in prison, the concerted effort to release them, the Jain Commission Report citing names of even Tamil Nadu chief ministers involved all lead to two key factors

  • How far does the Indian Centre control the functioning’s of the Indian intelligence or does the agency have a policy of its own in parallel to how the CIA functions at times and have these actions undermined diplomatic relations
  • Why has the Indian Centre allowed Tamil Nadu politicians from one state out of 28 Indian states to dictate foreign policy and thus add to the hostility of neighboring nations towards India? Has bullying and bossing helped India or are these tactics India’s preferred foreign policy choice?

Be that as it may returning to the crux of the matter which is the fact that the people of Sri Lanka are today in shock seeing separatist ideology and LTTE resurface.

After 30 long years of terror, bloodshed and chaos and because of the blood sacrifices of over 30,000 soldiers Sri Lanka eliminated the LTTE ground force. This victory compliments the current war on terror globally. The fault immediately after the victory was not to denazify the LTTE and investigate all those connected to the LTTE and legally charge them for treachery. TNA should have been top on that list as should have been many of the NGO heads who are now ironically charged with changing the constitution and given the red carpet to legally draft what LTTE was aiming to do with the gun. What a twist of irony!

Rubbing salt into the wounds is the manner that even those who were saved by the soldiers now joining racist Wigneswaran to march through Jaffna with the same demands that the LTTE were claiming with their guns.

Not a Minister in Government is opposing the open commemoration of terrorists taking place even in Northern schools – exactly what do they know about Thileepan except his fast for Eelam. Is this what parents of these children are teaching now that 30 years of murder is over? If so we have returned to the 1970s with no sense of gratitude for the sacrifices made.

Now lets look at Thileepan’s demands and the reason for his fast unto death

  • withdraw Sinhalese army camps from Tamil areas,
  • suspend all rehabilitation work until the formation of an interim (Tamil) government for the Tamil homelands,
  • stop the continuing Sinhala colonisation in the Tamil homeland,
  • halt the setting up of Sinhala-manned police stations in Tamil areas and
  • release all detainees held under the Prevention of Terrorism Act.

WHAT A COINCIDENCE! – THESE ARE THE VERY DEMANDS MADE BY

  • Northern Chief Minister
  • TNA MPs including the ‘Opposition Leader’
  • Foreign Envoys
  • UNSG / UNHRC Head and UN entities
  • Local NGO lackeys
  • Local Federalists and Secularists

However, if this is what the racist people want, we now need to pose the question why Tamils are not commemorating Dhanu for being the only woman to have killed a foreign leader on foreign soil as a suicide bomber perhaps trained by Anton Balasingham’s wife Adele who happily lives in London without any action being taken against her for her connections with terrorists and the orders given to children to commit suicide biting the cyanide capsule.

All that is now lacking is some foreign funded women’s NGO holding placards for gender equality to demand the same commemorative status for LTTE Dhanu! That will certainly provide the icing on the cake!

Will India allow Tamils to commemorate Dhanu – who not only killed Rajiv Gandhi but 14 other people as well? The killing leaves little doubt that contract killings can be done evading the most prestigious intelligence network. Plenty of LTTE cadres are living overseas given safe havens via foreign governments. All it takes is some money and brainwashing to get a contract done!

Recently in an interview President Putin was to say that though it is true the US and West created the ISIS and Al Qaeda but these mercenaries are now changing sides for money and will work for any party paying them more. The countries that created these monsters have much to account for.

Shenali D Waduge

http://www.deccanchronicle.com/lifestyle/books-and-art/140816/the-raw-truth-real-story-behind-the-rajiv-gandhi-assassination.html

Tamil Nadu Govt attempts to release convicts stalled – http://www.thehindu.com/specials/rajiv-gandhi-assassination-case-convicts-25-years-of-incarceration/article8714128.ece

https://wideawakegentile.wordpress.com/2013/11/22/the-jain-commission-report/

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yEEmjjxBomo Jain Commission report hold former TN CM M.Karunanidhi and DMK responsible

‘ජිනීවා සහ ඔබ’ සංවාදය පිළිබඳව පසුවිපරමක්

October 2nd, 2016

www.mahinda.info

‘ජිනීවා සහ ඔබ’ මැයෙන් ශ්‍රී ලංකා පදනම් ආයතනයේ පැවැති සංවාදය පිළිබඳව මිලින්ද රාජපක්ෂ නමැති මහතෙක් සිය වත්පොත් ගිණුමේ තබන ලද සටහන පහතින්.

පසුගිය සිකුරාදා පදනම් ආයතනයේදී පැවති ‘ජිනීවා සහ ඔබ’ සංවාදය පිළිබදව, නිතර දේශපාලන සාකච්ඡා සහ තවත් අනේකවිධ වැඩසටහන්වලට නිතර සහභාගීවන්නකු ලෙස, සටහනක් තැබිය යුතු යයි සිතුවේ, වැඩසටහන අවසානයේ කථිකයන් සමග සංවාදයක් ගොඩනැගීමට තරුණයන් දැක්වූ උනන්දුව දුටු විටයි. මගේ වයසටත් වඩා වැඩි කාලයක් දේශපාලනය සහ ජාත්‍යන්තර සබදතා පිළිබදව හදාරා සහ ප්‍රයෝගිකව කටයුතු කර අත්දැකීම් රාශියක් ඇති, ආචාර්ය දයාන් ජයතිලක සහ ආචාර්ය පාලිත කොහොන වැනි කථිකයන්ගේ අදහස් පිළිබදව ලියනවාට වඩා , ‘ජිනීවා සහ ඔබ’ වැඩසටහන හරහා ලංකාවේ දේශපාලන සමාජයට සිදුවන බලපෑම ගැන කරනා 3ක් ඔස්සේ අදහස් දැක්වීමට සිතුවා.

1. ‘රට’ යනු අදේශපාලනික සහ ජාතික ‘සංවාදයක්’ විය යුතු බව.
රටක් කියන්නේ භූගෝලීය වපසරියෙන් එහාට ගිය, මිනිස්සුන්ගේ සංස්කෘතිය, පෞරුෂත්වය, ජාතිකත්වය සහ අනාගතය පිළිබදව වූ කාරණාවක්. රට, මහින්දටවත් රනිල්ටවත් චන්ද්රිකාටවත් අයිති නැහැ. අනෙක් අතට මේ රටේ මිනිස්සු කළ යුත්තේ කුමක්ද කියන එක, අපි උදේට දැනගත යුත්තේද ඇමරිකන් තානාපතිතුමාගේ Tweet වලින් නොවේ. ඒ වගේම රටේ මිනිස්සුන්ට අවශ්‍ය පාලම් බෝක්කු හැදිය යුත්තේ කොහෙද කියන එක චීනයට තීරණය කරන්න දෙන්නත් හොද නැහැ. රටේ ස්වෛරීභාවය, ඒ රටේ මිනිස්සුන්ගේ මුලික අයිතිවාසිකමක්. ඒ නිසා UNPද, ශ්‍රී ලංකාද, JVPද, පෙරටුගාමීද කියල බලන්නේ නැතුව, ‘රට’ විදියට ‘රට’ ගැන සාකච්ඡාවක් නිර්මාණය වියයුතු බව ‘ජිනීවා සහ ඔබ’ තුළින් පැහැදිලි වුණා. ආචාර්ය පාලිත කොහොන කීවා වගේ, මානව අයිතිවාසිකම් පිළිබද ජාත්‍යන්තර නාටකය, හුදෙක්ම සාමාන්‍ය මිනිස්සුන්ගේ අයිතිවාසිකම්වලින් එහාට ගිය, ඇමරිකාව යුරෝපය වගේ දියුණු රටවල ආර්ථික දැක්ම, ව්‍යාපාරික කටයුතු, ආරක්ෂක සහ හමුදා තීරණ, නිලධාරිවාදය මෙන්ම දේශපාලකයන්ගේ පෞද්ගලික අවශ්‍යතා වැනි කරුණු බොහොමයක එකතුවක්. අවාසනාවකට අපි රන්ජන්, වියන්ගොඩ වගේ අය කියන ඒවා අහල, බස් වල කොච්චි වල ලොරි talk දිදී ඉන්නවා. ‘ජිනීවා සහ ඔබ’ සදහා සහභාගි වූ කථිකයන් තහවුරු කළේ, සත්‍ය දැනගැනීම සදහා මහජනතාවට තිබෙන මුලික අයිතිවාසිකම.

2. ‘SMART PATRIOTISM’ සදහා බුද්ධිමත් සිවිල් සමාජය තුළ ලොකු ඉඩක් තිබෙන බව.
‘ජිනීවා සහ ඔබ’ සංවිධානය කර තිබුණේත්, ඒ ගැන අන් අයව දැනුවත් කළේත්, කිසිදු දේශපාලන පක්ෂයකට අයිති නැති, බොහෝවිට පෞද්ගලික අංශයේ රැකියා කරන, උසස් අධ්‍යාපනය හදාරන හෝ හදාරමින් සිටින පිරිසක්. මේ කණ්ඩායම මැතිවරණ කාලයට කල එළි බහින සිවිල් සමාජයෙන් වෙනස් වන්නේ ‘වියන්ගොඩ – විජේසුරිය’ වර්ගයේ ‘පුතා විතරක් නෙමෙයි අම්මාවත් අත් අඩංගුවට ගනු’ වැනි කුහක/ද්වේශසහගත සංවාදයකින් එහාට යාමෙනුයි. ‘ජිනීවා සහ ඔබ’ තුළ සිදු නොවූ වැදගත්ම දේ තමා නිකරුණේ මිනිස්සුන්ට බැණ වැදීම. අනෙක් පැත්තෙන් මෙම කණ්ඩායම ‘JVP – පෙරටුගාමී’ වගේ පාරවල් බ්ලොක් කරල, office වල වැඩ නවත්තල, රජයේ දේපල හානිකරල, සංවාදයක් ගොඩනගන්න ගියෙත් නැහැ. හැමෝම තමුන්ගේ එදිනෙදා රාජකාරී කටයුතු අවසන් කරල තමයි ඇවිත් තිබුණේ. නමුත් මේ අය පොත පත කියවන රටේ ලෝකේ සිද්ධවෙන දේවල් පිළිබදව අවබෝධයක් තිබෙන අය. දේශපාලකයන්ගේ දේශපාලන සම්මන්ත්‍රණ වලින් එහාට ගිය බුද්ධිමය සංවාදයකට රට තුළ ඉඩ තිබෙන බවත්, NGO Sponsorship වලට වඩා ‘දැනුම’ ප්‍රබල බවත් ‘ජිනීවා සහ ඔබ’තුළින් ඔප්පු වුණා.

3. බුද්ධිමත් තරුණ පරපුරට දැවැන්ත දේශපාලන කාර්යභාරයක් ඉතිරිවී තිබෙන බව.
මගේ වයස අවුරුදු 30ක්. අඩු වැඩි වශයෙන් අපේ පරම්පරාව රටේ තරුණ පරම්පරාව ලෙස ගත්තොත්, අපි 89 JVP-ප්‍රේමදාස යුගයේ පාසල් යන්න පටන් අරන්, බස් වල බෝම්බ පුපුරද්දී ඉස්කෝලේ ගිහින්, නන්දිකඩාල් සිද්ධියත් එක්ක campus වලින් එළියට ආපු අය. අපි සල්ලි හම්බකරන්න පටන් ගනිද්දී තමයි කොලබ දියුණු වෙලා පාරවල් ටික හැදෙන්න පටන් ගත්තේ. එක අතකින් අපි වාසනාවන්ත පරම්පරාවක්. නමුත් විවිධ හේතුන් නිසා, අද රටේ දේශපාලනය සහ ඒ හරහා ක්‍රියාත්මක වෙන ආර්ථිකය, සුබසාධනය සහ ජාත්‍යන්තර සම්බන්ධතා වගේ කටයුතු සිද්ධ වෙන්නේ අපේ අභිලාෂයන්ට අනුව නෙමෙයි. ඉතිහාසය දැකපු සහ බුද්ධිමත් තරුණ පරම්පරාවක් විදිහට අපිට යුතුකමක් සහ වගකීමක් තියෙනවා , රට පිළිබද සංවාදය ‘විජේසුරිය – වියන්ගොඩ’ වැන්නවුන්ට භාරනොදී, අපිට කලින් පරම්පරාවේ රටට ආදරේ සහ බුද්ධිමත් පිරිස සමග එක්ව නිර්දේශපාලනික සංවාදයක් , ‘රට’ ගැන සංවාදයක් ඇති ගොඩනගන්න. මේ අලුත් ව්‍යාපාරයට එකතුවෙන්න බොහෝ දෙනෙක් බලාගෙන ඉන්න බව ‘ජිනීවා සහ ඔබ’ ජිනීවා සහ ඔබ තුළින් ඔප්පු වුණා.

අනිත් අයටත් බලන්නට SHARE කරන්න.

Recognition of Sri Lankan Bhikkunis and Provision of State Services

October 2nd, 2016

Mahinda Gunasekera Tambrook Drive , Toronto, Canada

Hon. Wijayadasa Rajapaksha, MP
Minister of Justice and the Buddha Sasana
135 Srimath Anagarika Dharmapala Mawatha
Colombo 7, Sri Lanka

Copy: Hon. H.R. Sarathi Dushmantha, MP
Deputy Minister of Buddha Sasana
Copy to: Mr. Wasantha Ekanayake,
Secretary, Ministry of Buddha Sasana

Honourable Minister,

Recognition of Sri Lankan Bhikkunis and Provision of State Services

I was deeply constrained to learn that Sri Lankan Bhikkunis who recently attended a Buddhist International Conference which called for the Binara Poya to be declared ‘UN International Women’s Day’ had undergone numerous difficulties in having a National Identity Card (NIC) issued, as a result of which they faced a lot of hassle in furthering their education or availing of other state privileges available to ordained members of the sangha. A NIC should be available to all citizens on provision of relevant documentation especially to ordained members of the sangha, as it is freely issued to all lay persons.

The order of Bhikkunis in Sri Lanka has been growing and in fact foreigners interested in following the Buddhist spiritual path too are visiting Sri Lanka to ordain and practice under the guidance of knowledgeable teachers. Just as much as the Bhikku Sangha declined in Sri Lanka during various periods of our history, and our having to seek Upasampada through the good offices of the established orders in Myanmar and Thailand, and provide similar assistance to rekindle the Bhikku Sangha in those countries when they faced similar situations, the Bhikkuni Sangha in Sri Lanka too declined and was completely lost to our nation over a 1,000 years back due to invasions from Southern India and other destabilizing factors. However, the Bhikkuni Order that was established in China by Bhikkunis from Sri Lanka over 1,500 years back has continued unbroken, making it possible for Sri Lankan women interested in practising the Buddhist Path as bhikkunis to seek the assistance of Chinese/Taiwanese Bhikkunis to restore the order in Sri Lanka. As a nation that produced the first female Prime Minister in the world, it is indeed disappointing to learn that women seeking the Buddha’s Path of inner purity are being discriminated against and obstacles are being placed through their non-recognition and step-motherly treatment. We should extend the same level of treatment as extended to the Bhikku Sangha that also declined and had to be renewed from time to time with the help of the Sangha in Myanmar and Thailand to the Bhikkuni Sangha which has been restored in a similar manner after a lapse of time.

I trust that the authorities will look into this matter on an urgant basis and take steps to eliminate the discriminating circumstances prevailing at present.

Yours sincerely,

Mahinda Gunasekera
Tambrook Drive , Toronto, Canada M1W 3L9

Copy to: Dr. Anula Wijesundera and Dr. Hema Goonatilake – Kindly follow up and obtain redress for members of the Bhikkuni Sangha in Sri Lanka.  MG

WHAT HAS BUDDHISM TO DO WITH THIS TAMIL ETHNIC PROBLEM?

October 2nd, 2016

Cecil Atukorale ( L.L.B- University of Colombo)

After the introduction of Buddhism to Sri Lanka King Devanampiyatissa in emulation of Ashoka who made Buddhism the state religion of India, made it the state religion of Sri Lanka also and it existed as such for over 2000 years until 1815 when the country went under a Christian power.

Thus, with Buddhism firmly established as the official religion the people soon came to accept and adopt the Buddhist way of life. It required them to believe the sanctity of the lives of insects, animals, birds , no less than human beings and acknowledgment of the conditional right of the meanest animal to retain the breath of life until the last moment permitted by nature –this was the spirit inculcated in the votaries of Buddha, the recognition that all living creatures alike men, animals, deities form a chain of existence of “becoming “ .

Today our political leaders – perhaps with a few exceptions have completely deviated from Sri Lanka’s original heritage and path. Present political system has opted for a Western type of Democracy which has no relation whatsoever to the Sri Lankan spirit and culture and is wholly dependent on systematic imitation of the West, aping its political & economic system from A to Z. We have given a complete go by ; to the gains  of our country.

This is nowhere more marked than when we look at the rash manner in which the Buddhist religion has been demeaned by the Public Representation Committee on Constitutional reforms in the formulation of its recommendations for making a draft for a New Constitution.

In page 18 of the Report this is what it states about Buddhism. As a compromise the Committee agreed to recommend the different formulations of the members as alternative recommendations for the consideration of the constituent assembly:

  1. Retain Article 9 (Chapter II) of the current Constitution with no change.
  2. Heading of Chapter II of the current Constitution should state ‘Religions’ and not Buddhism and retain Article 9 as it is with no change.

iii. Reformulate Article 9 of the current Constitution as follow “The Republic of Sri Lanka shall give all religions equal status. The State shall protect and foster Buddhism and the Buddha Sāsana while assuring to all religions the rights granted by Articles 10 and 14(1) e of the current Constitution

  1. Sri Lanka shall be a secular State
  2. Sri Lanka shall be a secular State while recognizing the role of religion in the spiritual development of people10.
  3. Heading of Chapter II of the current Constitution should State ‘Religions’. The clause should be revised as follows:

“The Republic of Sri Lanka will give all religions equal status”

Why are we in such a situation?

Where are the failures and who is responsible?

Are we not, as people of Sri Lanka led by few selfish leaders, responsible for this state of affairs?

What has Buddhism to do with this Tamil Ethnic problem?

Vandalising Buddist Shrine at K’kulam: CJ steps down from Bench

October 2nd, 2016

Concerned Law abiding Citizen

This new items amazes me .

How come chief justice who is supposed to uphold the law and order in the country steps down form the bench which involved purported action of  some compatriots ?

Then he should also step down from a fundamental rights case  (Case number FR/141/15 ) filed by an environmentalist against a company called Northern Power where  activist  has claimed that diesel power plant installed in Jaffna to provide power during the war is ruining the environment and deprive people in the area that water wells are contaminated ?

Concerned Law abiding Citizen

77’ සිට 83’ ජුලි තහනම දක්වා ජවිපෙ ගමන් මඟ

October 2nd, 2016

ධර්මන් වික්‍රමරත්න         

 ජවිපෙ 71 කැරැල්ලෙන් පසු පක්ෂයේ කටයුතු නිල වශයෙන් යළි ආරම්භ කරමින් තාවකාලික මධ්‍යම කමිටුවක් 1975 මාර්තු 18වැනිදා පිහිටුවන ලදී. රෝහණ විජේවීර එහි සභාපතිවූ අතර වැඩබලන ලේකම් වූයේ උපතිස්ස ගමනායකය.

වසර 1971 අප්‍රේල් කැරැල්ලට සම්බන්ධව අත්අඩංගුවට ගෙන ඇති සියළුම සැකකරුවන්ට විරුද්ධව නඟා තිබූ චෝදනා අපරාධ යුක්ති විනිශ්ව කොමිසම මගින් විභාගකර මුළුමනින්ම අවසන් වූයේ 1976 නොවැම්බර් 4වැනිදාය. අවසාන නඩුව වූයේ දැදිගම ජී කුලරත්න සහ ඩබ්ලිව් ඒ. සීමන්ට එරෙහිවය. අපරාධ යුක්ති විනිශ්ච කොමිසම යටතේ  වසර 2 සිට ජීවිතාන්තය දක්වා සිරදඬුවම් ලබා සිරදඬුවම් විදි සංඛ්‍යාව 248කි. ඔවුහු උපන් දිස්ත්‍රික්ක වශයෙන් ගාල්ල 46, මාතර 42, අනුරාධපුර 38,  කොළඹ 25, කෑගල්ල 25, කුරුණෑගල 18, මොනරාගල 14, හම්බන්තොට 10, රත්නපුර 8, යාපනය 7, පොලොන්නරුව 5, වව්නියාව 2, පුත්තලම 3, බදුල්ල 2, අම්පාර 2 සහ නුවරඑළිය 1 වශයෙන් වේ.

Dharman Wickremaretneධර්මන් වික්‍රමරත්න විසිනි.

අප්‍රේල් කැරැල්ලට සහභාගිවීම නිසා රැකියා ආදී අහිමිවූ තරුණ තරුණියන්ට පිලිසරණක් වීමට යැයි කියමින් අගමැතිනි සිරිමා බණ්ඩාරනායකගේ පුත්‍රයාවන අනුර බණ්ඩාරනායක විසින් සහයෝගිතා පෙරමුණ නමින් සංවිධානයක්ද පිහිටුවා ගන්නා ලදී. එවකට අනුර බණ්ඩාරනායක ශ්‍රිලනිප තරුණ සංවිධානයේ ප්‍රධාන සංවිධායක සහ ආර්ථික සහ ක්‍රම සම්පාදන අමාත්‍යාංශයේ තරුණ කටයුතු උපදේශක විය. එම සහයෝගිතා පෙරමුණේ සම ලේකම්වරුන් වූයේ ආරිය බුලේගොඩ සහ නවරත්න බණ්ඩාය. එහි කාර්යාලය කොළඹ ගාලු මෝදර අංක 49/15 දරණ ස්ථානයේ අයිස්ලන්ඩ් ගොඩනැගිල්ලේ පිහිටා තිබුණි.

කොළඹ කිරුළ පාරේ අංක 65/4 දරන ස්ථානයේදී 1977 පෙබරවාරි 19වැනිදා ජවිපෙ විසින් 71 අප්‍රේල් කැරැල්ලෙන් පසු ප්‍රථමවරට ප්‍රවෘත්ති සාකච්ඡාවක් පවත්වන ලදී. එහිදී ජවිපෙ ප්‍රකාශයට පත්කළේ ඉදිරි මහා මැතිවරණයේදී ජවිපෙ තරඟකරන බවය. ලියාපදිංචි පක්ෂයක් ලෙස පිළිගන්නා ලෙසට මැතිවරණ කොමසාරිස්වරයා වෙත ඉල්ලීමක් කල බවද එම ප්‍රවෘත්ති සාකච්ඡාවේ මුලසුන දැරූ ජවිපෙ වැඩබලන ලේකම් උපතිස්ස ගමනායක එහිදී කියා සිටියේය. පාදුක්ක වේරගලදී 1948 ඔක්තෝබර් 17වැනිදා උපන් ගමනායක හැදී වැඩුනේ කන්තලේ ගොවි ජනපද ආශිතවය.  ගමනායක කොළඹ සරසවියේ ශ්‍රාස්ත්‍ර පීඨයේ පළමු වසරේ සිසුවෙකුව සිටියදී අප්‍රේල් කැරැල්ලට අත්අඩංගුවට පත්ව මාස 6ක් රිමාන්ඩ් බාරයේ සිටි අතර පසුව නිදහස් විය.  පසුව පූර්ණකාලීනව 1971දීම යළිත් ජවිපෙට එක්වූ ගමනායක කැරැල්ලෙන් විපතට පත් ජවිපෙ පවුල්වල සුභසාධනය සඳහා අවිස්සාවේල්ල කේන්ද්‍ර කරගෙන වැඩසටහන් ගණනාවක් දියත් කළේය. එහි අරමුදල් තරකර ගැනීම සඳහා යටියන්තොට මලල්පොල පාරේ වතුයායක වැටුප් සඳහා රැගෙන ආ රුපියල් 40,000ක මුදලක් මංකොල්ල කෑමේදී අවිස්සාවේල්ල සාලාව කම්හලේ කලක් සේවකයෙකුව සිටි කොට්ටාවේ මාලපල්ල පදිංචි විතානගේ ධර්මසේන(ඉතාලි ධර්මේ නමින් පසුකාලීනව ඉතාලියේදී හැදින්වූයේ ඔහුය.) සමඟ යටියන්තොටදී 1973 අත්අඩංගුවට පත්විය. පොලිස් සාජන්ට් කුමාරගේ ඝාතනය කිරීමට තැත් කිරීම, වතු වැටුප් කොල්ලකෑමට තැත් කිරීම ඇතුළු චෝදනා මත ගමනායක සහ ධර්මසේනට එරෙහිව අවිස්සාවේල්ල මහාධිකරණයේ නඩු පැවරූ අතර පසුව 1976දී ඔවුහු නිදහස් විය. එම නඩුවට ගමනායක වෙනුවෙන් පෙනී සිටියේ අධිනීතිඥ බාලා තම්පෝ ඇතුළු නිතිඥයින්ය. 

dharman0210160271 කැරැල්ලේ සිරදඬුවමින් 1977 නොවැම්බර් 2 නිදහස්වූ විජේවීර 1977 නොවැම්බර් 7වැනිදා කොළඹ නගරසභා පිටියේදී ජනතාව අමතමින්.

එම ජවිපෙ ප්‍රවෘත්ති සාකච්ඡාවට ජවිපෙ තරුණ ලීගයේ ලේකම් කෙලී සේනානායක, කාන්තා විප්ලවීය සංගමයේ ලේකම් වල්පොල බටුවත්තේ පදිංචි උන්ඩික්කුඩ්ඩ ආරච්චිගේ නන්දසීලීද, සෝමවංශ අමරසිංහද සහභාගි විය. කැරැල්ලේ 26වැනි විත්තිකරුවූ කෙලී සේනානායක 1971 මාර්තු 13වැනිදා විජේවීර සමඟ අම්පාරේ අත්අඩංගුවට ගනු ලැබූවෙකි. පසුව සිරදඬුවම් විද 1976 දෙසැම්බර් 24 නිදහස් විය. අගමැතිනිය අත්අඩංගුවට ගැනීමට නියමිතව තිබූ රොස්මිඩ් ප්‍රහාරයට චෝදනා ලැබූ සෝමවංශ අමරසිංහද 1976 දෙසැම්බර් 24වැනිදා නිදහස් වී තිබිණි. අප්‍රේල් කැරැල්ලේදී කොළඹ සරසවියේ පලමු වසරේ උපාධි අපේක්ෂිකාවක් ලෙස එයට එක්වූ නන්දසීලි වසර හතරහමාරක සිර දඬුවමකින් පසුව නිදහස් වී තිබිණි. 

ජවිපෙ සතිපතා පුවත්පත ලෙස නියමුවා පුවත්පත 1977 මාර්තු 10 කොළඹ මහා තැපැල්හලේදී ලියාපදිංචි කරන ලදී. අප්‍රේල් කැරැල්ලෙන් පසු ප්‍රථම ජවිපෙ ප්‍රසිද්ධ රැස්වීමද 1977 මාර්තු 10 සවස 3.30ට වැඩබලන ලේකම් උපතිස්ස ගමනායකගේ ප්‍රධානත්වයෙන් හයිඩ් පිටියේදී පැවැත්විණි. ඉන් දෙදිනකට පෙර ඒ පිළිබඳව කොළඹ නගරය පුරා පෝස්ටර් අලවා තිබිණි. කොළඹ සහ විද්දෝදය(ජයවර්ධනපුර) සරසවි සිසු කණ්ඩායම් එහි මූලිකත්වය ගනු ලැබීය.  සරසවි ශිෂ්‍ය ව්‍යාපාරය තුළ ප්‍රථම වතාවට මහා ශිෂ්‍ය සභාවක සභාපති තනතුරකට තරඟකර ජයග්‍රහණය ලබා ගැනීමට ජවිපෙට 1977 අප්‍රේල් 6වැනිදා පැවති පේරාදෙණිය සරසවියේ පැවති ශිෂ්‍ය සභාවේදී හැකිවිය.

dharman02101603ස්වභාවික විපත් වලින් පීඩාවට පත් ජනතාවට සහන සැලසීම සඳහා ආරම්භවූ ජවිපෙ සහන සේවා බලකායයේ මංගල පියවර 1976 මඩකලපුව අකරපත්තුව ගංවතුරෙන් පීඩාවට පත් ජනයා සඳහා දෙසතියක් පුරා ජවිපෙ සාමාජිකයන් 25 දෙනෙකුගේ සහභාගිත්වයෙන් අක්කරපත්තුවේ පැවති අවස්ථාවේදී එයට සහභාගිවූ කණ්ඩායම.

එතෙක් කොමියුනිස්ට් පක්ෂයේ ලංකා ජාතික ශිෂ්‍ය සංගමයට බලය තිබූ පේරාදෙණිය මහා ශිෂ්‍ය සංගමයේ බලය ජවිපෙ විසින් සතු කරගන්නා ලදී. වසර 1986 නොවැම්බර් 12වැනිදා සිදුවූ වීරසූරිය ඝාතනයෙන් පසු රටපුරා ඇතිවුණු සරසවි සහ පාසැල් උද්ඝෝෂණ වලට නායකත්වය දෙනු ලැබුවේද ජවිපෙ සහ ජවිපෙට හිතවත් සරසවි සිසුන්ය. මේ අනුව පේරාදෙණිය සරසවියේ මහා ශිෂ්‍ය සංගමයේ සභාපති තනතුරට ජවිපෙන් අනුරාධපුර විලච්චියේ කේ. ඒ. චන්ද්‍රපාල පත්විය. ලේකම්වරයා වූයේ වමේ කණ්ඩායමේ බී. රාජසිංහ බණ්ඩාරය. ජවිපෙ විසින් 1977 මැයි 1 පැවති මැයි දිනය වෙනුවෙන් දෙමටගොඩ පිටියේ මැයිදින රැස්වීමක්ද පවත්වන ලදි.  අනතුරුව 1978 සිට 1982 දක්වා වාර්ෂිකව මැයි 1 සෑම මැයි දිනයක්ම විජේවීරගේද සහභාගිත්වයෙන් සුවිශේෂි අන්‍යතාවයක් තහවුරු කරගනිමින් ආකර්ශනීය ලෙසද සංදර්ශනවාදී ස්වරූපයකින්ද පවත්වන ලදී.

වසර 1977 ජුලි 21 පැවති මහා මැතිවරණයටද ජවිපෙ ස්වාධීන කණ්ඩායමක් වශයෙන් ආසන 4කට ඉදිරිපත් විය. ඒ අනුව තංගල්ලේදී විජිත රණවීරට 1234ද අනුරාධපුර බටහිරදී කේ.ඒ චන්ද්‍රපාලට ඡන්ද 797ක්ද හක්මනදී රොබට් ජයසේකරට 727ක්ද හොරොව්පතානේදී කේ. රණතුංගට 687ක්ද ඡන්ද වශයෙන් හිමි විය. ඒ අනුව මැතිවරණ දේශපාලනයට ප්‍රථමවරට ජවිපෙ එක්විය. එම මහා මැතිවරණයෙන් ආසන 168න් ආසන 140ක් දිනා ගනිමින් එජාපය පාර්ලිමේන්තුවේ හයෙන් පහක බලයක් හිමිකර ගත්තේය. දෙමළ එක්සත් විමුක්ති පෙරමුණට ආසන 18ක්ද ශ්‍රිලනිපයට ආසන 8ද හිමිවිය.

dharman02101604ජවිපෙ ලන්ඩන් ශාඛාව විජේවීරගේ මැදිහත්වීමෙන් 1978 ජුලි 23වැනිදා බ්‍රිතාන්‍යයේදී නිල වශයෙන් ගොඩනැගීමෙන් පසු එයට මුල්වූ පෝල් පීරිස්, ආවාද ලැනරෝල් ඇතුළු පිරිස සමඟ.

ජවිපෙ නායක රෝහණ විජේවීර ඇතුළුව 1971 අප්‍රේල් රාජ්‍ය විරෝධී කැරැල්ල සම්බන්ධයෙන් දීර්ඝ කාලීනව සිරදඬුවම් විදිමින් සිටි 125 දෙනෙක් 1977 නොවැම්බර් 2 නිදහස් කරන ලදී. ඔවුහු මෙසේ නිදහස ලැබුවේ අපරාධ යුක්ති විනිශ්ච කොමිසම් සභා පනත 1977 ඔක්තෝබර් 27වැනිදා අහෝසි කිරීමේ ප්‍රතිඵලයක් වශයෙනි. ඒ වන විට 1971 අප්‍රේල් කැරැල්ලට හසුව කෙටිකාලීනව සිරදඬුවම් විදි 123ක් නිදහස් වී තිබිණි.

නිදහස් වීමෙන් පසු විජේවීර රටපුරා ප්‍රසිද්ධ රැස්වීම් ගණනාවක් ඇමතීය. ප්‍රථම රැස්වීම 1977 නොවැම්බර් 7වැනිදා කොළඹ නගර සභා පිටියේදී පැවති අතර එයට විශාල ජනකායක් සහභාගි විය. ශ්‍රේෂ්ඨ ඔක්තෝබර් විප්ලවයේ 60වැනි සමරුව නිමිත්තෙන් එය කලින් සංවිධානය කර තිබුණකි. එහිදි විජේවීර පැය තුනක් පමණ සිය කථාව කළේය. තවත් දේශපාලන සිරකරුවන් 20ක් පමණ නිදහස් කර නැතැයි විජේවීර එහිදී කියා සිටියේය. කතරගම ප්‍රේමවතී මනම්පේරි සිහිකිරීමේ රැස්වීමක්ද 1977 දෙසැම්බර් 03වැනිදා කතරගමදී පැවැත්විණි. නුවර බෝගම්බර ඇතුළු රටපුරා රැස්වීම් ගණනාවක් විජේවීරගේ ප්‍රධානත්වයෙන් පැවැත්විණි.

dharman02101605ජවිපෙ මංගල මහා සමුළුව විජේවිරගේ ප්‍රධානත්වයෙන් කුරුණෑගල ඔමාරගොල්ලේදී 1978 ඔක්තෝබර් 19 ආරම්භවූ අවස්ථාව.

විජේවීරගේ නිදහසින් පසු ජවිපෙ ප‍්‍රථම මංගල සමුළුව 1978 ඔක්තෝබර් 19 සිට සිව් දිනක් මුළුල්ලේ කුරුණෑගල ගල්ගමුවේ ඕමාරගොල්ලේදී පැවැත්විණි. එහිදී දයා වන්නිආරච්චි ප්‍රධාන ලේකම් ධූරයට පත්විය. පසුව 1980 සිට ජවිපෙ තහනම දක්වා ප්‍රධාන ලේකම් වූයේ ලයනල් බෝපගේය. සෑම වකවානුවකම අභ්‍යන්තර ලේකම්වරයෙක්ද ජවිපෙ තුළ විය. ජවිපෙට අනුබද්ධ සමාජවාදී ශිෂ්‍ය සංගමයේ මංගල මහා සමුළුව 1981 පෙබරවාරි 25 සහ 26 දිනයන්හි කොළඹ නගර ශාලාවේදීද සමාජවාදී කම්කරු සංගමයේ මංගල මහා සමුළුව 1981දීද, සමාජවාදී කාන්තා සංගමයේ මංගල මහා සමුළුව 1982 ජනවාරි 6 සහ 7 දිනයන්හිද පැවැත්විණි. රතු ගැටව් සංවිධානය 1980 දෙසැම්බර් 31 සහ 1981 ජනවාරි 1දිනයන්හි පිහිටුවන ලදී.  එමෙන්ම සමාජවාදී තරුණ සංගමය, සමාජවාදී භික්ෂු සංගමය, සමාජවාදී කලා සංගමය එම කාලයේදී ආරම්භ විය.

විජේවීර 1978 මැයි 29 සිට අගෝස්තු 23 දක්වා විදේශ සංචාරයකද නිරත විය. රුසියාව, කියුබාව, බ්‍රිතාන්‍යය සහ පෘතුගාලය යන රටවල කල එම සංචාරයේදී ලංකීය ශිෂ්‍ය ශිෂ්‍යාවන් ඇතුළු විදේශීය වාමාංශික පක්ෂ නායකයින් කිහිපදෙනෙකු සමඟද සාකච්ඡා කර තිබිණි. මෙහිදී විජේවීරගේ මැදිහත්වීමෙන් ජවිපෙ ලන්ඩන් ශාඛාව 1978 ජුලි 23වැනිදා බ්‍රිතාන්‍යයේදි ගොඩනඟන ලදි. ජවිපෙ වෙත 1971 අප්‍රේල් කැරැල්ලේ සිට සහාය පළකල ගිනිපුපුර කණ්ඩායමට අයත්වූ පෝල් පීරිස්, ගුවන් ඉංජිනේරු සී. අයි ප්‍රනාන්දු, ආවද ලැනරෝල්, චන්දන පීරිස්, නීතිඥ රංජිත් මෙන්ඩිස් ඇතුළු කිහිප දෙනෙක්ම ඒ  අතර විය. කියුබාවේ හවානා නුවර ලෝක තරුණ සහ ශිෂ්‍ය උළෙලටද ජවිපෙ නියෝජිතයින් 4දෙනෙකු සමඟ විජේවීර සහභාගි විය. 

dharman021016061981 ජුනි 04 පැවති සංවර්ධන සභා ඡන්දයෙන් ජවිපෙ ප්‍රථමවරට පත්වූ ජනතා නියෝජිතයින් 13. වමේ සිට බෝපගේ, ගමනායක, වාස්, ශාන්ත, රාමනායක, මහින්ද, ධර්මදාස, සිසිර, වින්සන්ට්, ජයතිස්ස, වික්‍රමපාල සහ යසපාල වේ. ගුණරත්න වනසිංහගේ ඡායාරූපය යමෙකු සතුනම් අපවෙත යොමුකරන්න.

පීඩනය සහ සමගිය තේමා කරගත් ගීත පදනම් කරගෙන විමුක්ති ගී ජුලි 26 ව්‍යාපාරය සැමරීම සඳහා කොළඹ නව නගර ශාලාවේ 1978 පැවැත්වූ සම්මන්ත්‍රණයකදී ජනගත කරන ලදී. ජවිපෙ 1983 ජුලි තහනම වන විට ලංකාව පුරා විමුක්ති ගී ප්‍රසංග 118ක් පවත්වා තිබිණි. දිනපතා, සතිපතා සහ මාසික පුවත්පත් කිහිපයක්ද පළකරන ලදී.

ශ්‍රිලනිප ගමනක අවසානය මැයින් රෝහණ විජේවීර ජවිපෙ රැස්වීම් මාලාවක් රටපුරා පවත්වනු ලැබූ අතර එහි ප්‍රථම රැස්වීම 1979 සැප්තැම්බර් 26වැනිදා කොළඹ සුගතදාස ගෘහස්ථ ක්‍රීඩාංගනයේදී පැවැත්විණි. සාම්ප්‍රදායික වම පරාජයට පත්කර ඇති බැවින් ශ්‍රිලනිපයට ප්‍රහාර එල්ලකර ප්‍රධාන විපක්ෂයවීම එහි අරමුණ විය. වාම සදාචාරයටද පටහැනිව ජවිපෙ සිදුකල එම මෙහෙයුම හේතුවෙන් සිරිමා බණ්ඩාරනායක ඇතුළු ශ්‍රිලනිප නායකයන්ට එරෙහිව කටයුතු කිරීමට පදනමක් එජාප ආණ්ඩුවට හිමිවිය. සිරිමා බණ්ඩාරනායකගේ ප්‍රජා අයිතිය වසර 7කට තහනම් කිරීම 1980 ඔක්තෝබර් 16 වැනිදා පාර්ලිමේන්තුවට ආණ්ඩුව මගින් ගෙනආ යෝජනාවක් මගින් සම්මත විය. ශ්‍රිලනිපයට එරෙහි ජවිපෙ මෙහෙයුම මගින් අවසානයේදී ශ්‍රිලනිප බලවේගයන් ජවිපෙ දිනාගැනීම වෙනුවට ඔවුන් පෙළ ගැසුනේ එජාප ආණ්ඩුව වටාය.

dharman02101607ගී ප්‍රසංග 118ක් පැවැත්වූ විමුක්ති ගී ප්‍රසංගයක දර්ශනයක්. විමුක්ති ගී සඳහා  නායකත්වය දුන් ලයනල් බෝපගේ, පූරකවරයාවූ බුද්ධදාස විතානාරච්චි, සුවිශේෂි කැපකිරීමක් කල නන්දන මාරසිංහද මෙහි වේ.

කොළඹ නගර සභා මැතිවරණයට 1978දී උපතිස්ස ගමනායකගේ නායකත්වයෙන් ජවිපෙ විසින් කණ්ඩායමක් ඉදිරිපත් කලද ආසනයක් හිමි නොවීය. සමසමාජ සහ කොමියුනිස්ට් පක්ෂවලට වඩා වැඩි ඡන්ද ප්‍රමාණයක් ලබාගන්නා ලදී. එජාප ආණ්ඩුව මගින් අතුරු මැතිවරණ 1977 නොවැම්බර්  දෙහිවල, 1978 මාර්තු බටහිර කොළඹ, 1979 දෙසැම්බර් ගාල්ල, 1980 මැයි ආනමඩුව සහ 1981 ජනවාරි කලවාන යන ඡන්ද කොට්ඨාශවල පැවැත්වූ අතර එහිදී ජවිපෙ ආනමඩුව සහ ගාල්ල ආසන 2ක සඳහා ස්වාධින කණ්ඩායමක් වශයෙන් සිනුව ලකුණෙන් තරඟ කරන ලදී. ආනමඩුවට තරඟකල උපතිස්ස ගමනායකට ඡන්ද 857ක්ද ගාල්ලට තරඟකල ලයනල් බෝපගේට ඡන්ද 3,366ක්ද හිමිවිය. ගාල්ල ආසනයට ලංකා සමසමාජ පක්ෂයෙන් තරඟකල 1971 කැරැල්ලේ 7වන විත්තිකරු වික්ටර් අයිවන්ට එහිදී ඡන්ද 634ක් හිමිවිය.

ජවිපෙ රැස්වීම් ගණනාවකටද ආණ්ඩුවේ ඇතැම් දේශපාලඥයින්ගේ මැදිහත්වීම් මත මැර පිරිස් විසින් ගල් මුල් ප්‍රහාර වේදිකාවට එල්ලකර තිබිණි. කොළඹ කැම්බල් පිටියේදී 1978 සැප්තැම්බර් 22, යාපනයේදී 1978 සැප්තැම්බර් 24, පුංචි බොරැල්ලේදී 1981 මැයි 28, හක්මන ගංගොඩගම හන්දියේ 1981 අගෝස්තු 13, මිහින්තලේ, දොම්පේ එවැනි සිද්ධීන් ඇතිවූ ස්ථාන කිහිපයකි.

dharman021016081982 ඔක්තෝබර් 20 පැවති ජනාධිපතිවරණයට 1982 සැප්තැම්බර් 17 නාමයෝජනා දුන් අවස්ථාවේදී එජාප ජේ.ආර්. ජයවර්ධන, ශ්‍රිලනිප හෙක්ටර් කොබ්බෑකඩුව සහ ජවිපෙ රෝහණ විජේවීර.

අසූවේ ජුලි වැඩ වර්ජනයටද ජවිපෙ එක් නොවූවද වෘත්තිය අංශයේ ඉහළ නායකයින්ට වර්ජනයට එක්වන ලෙසට ඉල්ලීමක්කර තිබිණි. ලංකා ගුරු සංගමය සහ ජවිපෙ අතර ප්‍රතිවිරෝධයක් ගොඩනැගුණු අතර වර්ජනය පාවාදුන් බවට ජවිපෙට එරෙහි මතයක් එච්. එන්. ප්‍රනාන්දු ආදීහු විසින් සමාජගත කරන ලදී. එය ජවිපෙට පසුකාලීනව සැලකිය යුතු බලපෑමක් ඇති කරන්නක් විය.

අධ්‍යාපන ධවල පත්‍රිකාවට එරෙහිව අන්තර් විශ්ව විද්‍යාල ශිෂ්‍ය බල මණ්ඩලය මෙහෙයවීමෙන් 1981 පෙබරවාරි 26වැනිදා කොළඹ හයිඩ් පිටියේදී පැවති රැස්වීම අමතමින් ජවිපෙ නායක විජේවීර කියා සිටියේ එජාප රජය ශ්‍රීලංකාව කාබාසිනියා කිරීම සඳහා කටයුතු කරන බවය. පේරාදෙණිය සරසවියේ මහා ශිෂ්‍ය සංගමයේ ලේකම් ඩී.එම් ආනන්දගේ ප්‍රධානත්වයෙන් පැවති එම රැස්වීම පැවැත්විණි. අධ්‍යාපන ධවල පත්‍රිකාව හකුලා ගැනීමට රජයට සිදුවූයේ ජවිපෙ නායකත්වයෙන් අන්තර් විශ්ව විද්‍යාල ශිෂ්‍ය බල මණ්ඩලය ගෙනගිය දැවැන්ත උද්ඝෝෂණයන්හි ප්‍රතිඵලයක් වශයෙනි. පසුකාලීනව ජවිපෙ 2වැනි කැරැල්ලේ නායකයින් බවට පත්වූ ඩී. එම් ආනන්ද, එච්.බි හේරත්, කේ. ඩබ්ලිව්  සමරනායක අමරසිරි, උපාලි ජයවීර ආදීහු අධ්‍යාපන ධවල පත්‍රිකාවට එරෙහි සටනේ නායකයින් විය. 

dharman021016091982 දෙසැම්බර් 22 ජනමත විචාරණයේදී එයට එරෙහිව කලය සලකුණ වෙනුවෙන් රූපවාහිනියෙන් ජනතාව අමතන විජේවීර.

දිස්ත්‍රික් සංවර්ධන සභා මැතිවරණය 1981 ජුනි 04 පැවති අතර එහි අරමුණ වූයේ ආණ්ඩුවේ පරිපාලනය විමධ්‍යගත කිරීමය. ශ්‍රි ලංකා නිදහස් පක්ෂය, කොමියුනිස්ට් පක්ෂය සහ සමසමාජ පක්ෂය එම සංවර්ධන සභා මැතිවරණය වර්ජනය කල අතර එයට තරඟ කළේ එක්සත් ජාතික පක්ෂය, දෙමල විමුක්ති පෙරමුණ, ජනතා විමුක්ති පෙරමුණ සමඟ ස්වාධීන කණ්ඩායම්ය. මැතිවරණයට සතියකට පෙර 1981 මැයි 26 වැනිදා උතුරේ එජාප නාමයෝජනා ලැයිස්තුවේ ප්‍රමුඛයෙකුවූ වඩුක්කෝඩෙයි හිටපු මන්ත්‍රී ඒ ත්‍යාගරාජා දෙමළ බෙදුම්වාදී සන්නද්ධ කණ්ඩායමක් විසින් 1981 මැයි 24වැනිදා ඝාතනය කරන ලදි. පොලිස් භටයින් දෙදෙනෙකුද මැයි 30වැනිදා වෙඩිතබා මරා දමන ලදී. උතුරේ එම සංවර්ධන සභා මැතිවරණය එජාප මැදිහත්වීම මත අන්ත දූෂිතවූ බවට වාර්තා විය. කොළඹින් ගිය දේශපාලන මැර පිරිස් විසින් යාපනය පුස්තකාලයද ගිනිබත් කරන ලදී.

එම සංවර්ධන සභා ඡන්දයට දිස්ත්‍රික්ක 8කින් තරඟකල ජවිපෙට ඉතිහාසයේ ප්‍රථමවරට ජනතා නියෝජිතයින් 13ක් සංවර්ධන සභා මන්ත්‍රී වශයෙන් හිමිවිය. එම දිස්ත්‍රික්ක 8 ජවිපෙට ලැබුණු ඡන්ද සංඛ්‍යාව 327,149කි. ඒ අනුව ජවිපෙ සංවර්ධන සභා මන්ත්‍රීවරුන් වශයෙන් කොළඹින් උපතිස්ස ගමනායක, ජයසිංහ(මහින්ද) පතිරණ, ශාන්ත බණ්ඩාර, වින්සන්ට් සමරසේකරද, ගම්පහින් වාස් තිලකරත්න, ජයසිංහ ලොකුතාඹුගල, ගුණරත්න වනසිංහද ගාල්ලෙන් ලයනල් බෝපගේ සහ ධර්මදාස ජයසිංහද, බදුල්ලෙන් වික්‍රමපාල හේරත් සහ ජී. යසපාලද හම්බන්තොටින් පියසේන රාමනායකද, අනුරාධපුරෙන් සිසිර(කුමාර) රන්දෙණියද තේරී පත්විය. ජවිපෙ එහිදී තරඟකල කළුතර සහ මාතලේ යන දිස්ත්‍රික්කවලින් ආසනයක් දිනා ගැනීමට ප්‍රමාණවත් ඡන්ද සංඛ්‍යාවක් හිමිනොවිණි. කළුතර කණ්ඩායම් නායකයා සෝමවංශ අමරසිංහවූ අතර මාතලේ කණ්ඩායම් නායකයා වූයේ කලක් පේරාදෙණිය සරසවියේ සමාජවාදී ශිෂ්‍ය සංගමයේ හිටපු සභාපති කූඹියන්ගොඩ ලලිත් සේනාරත්නය.  අළුතින් පත්වූ ජවිපෙ සංවර්ධන සභා මන්ත්‍රීවරුන් 13 දෙනාගෙන් මාසික දීමනාව ජවිපෙ පක්ෂ අරමුදලට බැරවිණි. මෙම සංවර්ධන සභා මන්ත්‍රීවරුන් කිහිපදෙනෙකු ඉවත් කිරිම, ඉවත්වීම සහ ජවිපෙ තහනමින් පසු රැස්වීම් වලට සහභාගි නොවීම නිසා ඔවුන්ගේ ධූරයන් අහෝසිවූ අතර කණ්ඩායමේ සෙසු අය ඒ වෙනුවට මැතිවරණ කොමසාරිස් විසින් ඡන්ද ලබාගත් අනුපිලිවෙල අනුව පත්කරන ලදී. එසේ පසුව පුරප්පාඩුවලට පත්වූ අය අතර පියසෝම මල්ලිකාරච්චි, ජී. ඩබ්ලිව් ගාමිණී ජයලත්, බී. විතානාරච්චි, අයි. කුවින්ස්ටන් ප්‍රනාන්දු ඇතුළු පිරිසක් විය.

ශ්‍රී ලංකාවේ ප්‍රථමවරට ජනාධිපතිවරණයක් පැවැත්වීම සඳහා 1978 සම්මත කරගත් නව ව්‍යවස්ථාව අනුව නාම යෝජනා කැඳවීම 1982 සැප්තැම්බර් 17වැනිදා සිදුවූ අතර ඒ සඳහා ජවිපෙ වෙනුවෙන් රෝහණ විජේවීරද තරඟ වැදිණි. ප්‍රථම ජනාධිපතිවරණය 1982 ඔක්තෝබර් 20 පැවැත්වූ අතර එහි ප්‍රතිඵල අනුව එජාපයේ ජේ.ආර් ජයවර්ධනට ඡන්ද 3,450,811ද, ශ්‍රිලනිපයේ හෙක්ටර් කොබ්බෑකඩුවට ඡන්ද 2,548,438ද, ජවිපෙ රෝහණ විජේවීරට ඡන්ද 273,428ක්ද, සමස්ථ ලංකා දෙමළ කොංග්‍රසයේ කුමාර් පොන්නම්බලම්ට ඡන්ද 173,934ක්ද, ලංකා සමසමාජ පක්ෂයේ කොල්වින් ආර් ද සිල්වාට 58,531ද නව සමසමාජයේ වාසුදේව නානායක්කාරට ඡන්ද 17,005ක්ද හිමිවිය. සමස්ථ වලංගු ඡන්ද සංඛ්‍යාවෙන් ජවිපෙට සියයට 2.67ක් හිමිවූ අතර සමසමාජය සහ නසසප යන පක්ෂ දෙකටම හිමිවූයේ සියයට 1ක් පමණය ජවිපෙට වැඩිම ඡන්ද ප්‍රමාණක් වූ 28,835 හිමිවූයේ හම්බන්තොට ප්‍රදේශයෙනි. ඡන්ද 20,000කට වඩා හිමිවූ දිස්ත්‍රික්ක වූයේ කොළඹ(28,580), ගම්පහ(23,701), මාතර(22,117), කුරුණෑගල(21,835) සහ ගාල්ල(20,962) වශයෙනි.

ජනාධිපතිවරණ ප්‍රතිඵල ජවිපෙ තුළ අභියෝගයකට ලක්වූ අතර එය එහි ඇතැම්  නායකයින් සහ ක්‍රියාකාරින්ගේ ඉච්ඡාභංගත්වයටද හේතුවිය. ජවිපෙ බිඳ වැටීමකට ලක්ව දුර්වලවී, මූල්‍ය සහ පුද්ගල සදාචාරයන්ද පිරිහිමකට ලක්විය. ඇතැම් නායකයින් සහ ක්‍රියාකාරිකයින් ඉවත්කිරීමට සිදුවූ අතර එමගින් සංවිධාන ක්‍රමවේදයන්ද පසුබෑමකට ලක්විය.

ජනපතිවරණ ජයග්‍රහණයෙන් උද්දාමයට පත්වූ එජාප ආණ්ඩුව පාර්ලිමේන්තුවේ ආයු කාලය තව වසර 6කින් දිගු කරගැනීම සඳහා ශ්‍රී ලංකාවේ ප්‍රථමවරට ජාතික ජනමත විචාරණයක් 1982 දොසැම්බර් 22වැනිදා පවත්වන ලදී. පාර්ලිමේන්තුවේ නිල කාලය කල් ඉකුත්වීමට තිබුණේ 1983 අගෝස්තු මාසයේදීය. එජාප ආණ්ඩුව මුහුණදුන් ගැටළුව වූයේ මහ මැතිවරණයක් පැවැත්වූවහොත් එජාපය පරාජයට පත්වී අති බහුතර පාර්ලිමේන්තු බලය අහිමිවීමේ අවදානමක් පැවතීමය. මැතිවරණයේදී ඡන්ද දායකයන් වෙත ඉදිරිපත් කෙරුණේ පාර්ලිමේන්තුවේ ආයුකාලය දිගු කරලීම සඳහා යෝජනාවක් වන අතර එයට පක්ෂව ඔව් ලෙසින් කියන අයට ලාම්පුව ඉදිරිපිට කතිරයක්ද එයට විපක්ෂ අයට කලය ඉදිරියේ කතිරයක්ද මගින් සිය ඡන්දය ප්‍රකාශ කිරීමට සිදුවිය. ඡනමත විචාරණයට එරෙහිව ශ්‍රිලනිප සිය වගකීම් පැහැර හැරියද ජවිපෙ එහිදී  ප්‍රබල භූමිකාවක් ඉටු කළේය. 

එජාප ආණ්ඩුවට පක්ෂව ඡන්ද 3,141,223ක්ද විපක්ෂව ඡන්ද 2,605,983ක් ලැබී තිබිණි. ජනමත විචාරණයෙන් වැඩි ඡන්ද 535,240කින් එජාප ආණ්ඩුව ජයගත් අතර එය අන්ත දූෂිත ඡන්දයක් බවට චෝදනා රැසක් එල්ල විය. එහිදී ශ්‍රිලනිප හිටපු ජනාධිපති අපේක්ෂකයාවූ කොබ්බෑකඩුවගේ ඡන්දය පවා ලින්ඩ්සේ බාලිකා විද්‍යාලයට පෙරවරු 11.15ට ඡන්දය දීමට යනවිට වෙනත් අයෙකු එයට කලින් දමා තිබිණි. ජවිපෙ නායක රෝහණ විජේවිර විසින් ජනමත විචාරණයට එරෙහිව අධිකරණය හමුවේ නඩුවක්ද නීතිඥ ප්‍රින්ස් ගුණසේකරගේ මැදිහත්වීමෙන්  නීතිඥ ෆිලික්ස් ඩයස් බණ්ඩාරනායක මගින් පවරන ලදී. ජවිපෙ 1983 ජුලි තහනමින් පසු පෙත්සම්කරුවන විජේවීර යටිබිම්ගත වූ හෙයින්ද පෙත්සම්කරුගේ නීතිඥ ෆිලික්ස් ඩයස් තාවකාලිකව විදේශ පදිංචියට යෑම නිසාද පෙත්සම නිශ්ප්‍රභා කිරීමට අධිකරණයට සිදුවිය. 

ජනමත විචාරණයේදී මැතිවරණ ආසන 168න් ආසන 48ක් ආණ්ඩුව පරාජයට පත්වී තිබිණි. ඉන් උතුරු සහ නැගෙනහිර ආසන 19ක හැර සෙසු ආසන 29න් ආසන 18 සඳහා අතුරු මැතිවරණයක් 1983 මැයි 18 පැවැත්වීමට ජනාධිපති ජයවර්ධන විසින් තීරණය කරන ලදි. අතුරු මැතිවරණ පවත්වන එම ආසන 18න් ආසන 5ක් සඳහා ජවිපෙ තරඟ වැදිණි. හබරාදූවේදී ස්වාධීන අපේක්ෂක ප්‍රින්ස් ගුණසේකරට සහාය පළකරන ලදී. ඒ අනුව ජවිපෙන් තරඟ කල විජිත් රණවීරට තංගල්ලේදී ඡන්ද 5,840ක්ද , වෛද්‍ය නන්දසේන ප්‍රනාන්දුට රත්ගමදී ඡන්ද 1,582ක්ද, ප්‍රේමචන්ද්‍ර මුණසිංහට අකුරැස්සේදී, ඡන්ද 2,062ක්ද, කේ.එච් ජයන්තට දෙවිනුවරදී ඡන්ද 3,591ක්ද, ඊස්වරගේ එස්.අයි. ආරියසේනට බෙලිඅත්තේදී ඡන්ද 2,550ක්ද හිමිවිය. ජවිපෙ හබරාදූවේ සහාය දුන් ස්වාධීන අපේක්ෂකයෙකු වශයෙන් තරඟ වැදුණු හිටපු මන්ත්‍රී ප්‍රින්ස් ගුණසේකරට හිමිවූයේ 1,163කි. එම අතුරු මැතිවරණ 18න් 14ක්ම එජාපය ජයගනු ලැබීය. විපක්ෂ මන්ත්‍රීවරුන් වශයෙන් මහරගමට මඑපෙ දිනේෂ් ගුණවර්ධන වැඩි ඡන්ද 5,791කින්ද මතුගමට ශ්‍රිලනිප අනිල් මුණසිංහ වැඩි ඡන්ද 964කින්ද, අක්මිමනට ශ්‍රිලනිප රිචඩ් පතිරණ වැඩි ඡන්ද 2,778කින්ද බද්දේගමට ශ්‍රිලනිප අමරසිරි දොඩන්ගොඩ වැඩි ඡන්ද 1,093කින්ද ලබා තේරී පත්විය. මහර ඇතුළු ආසන ගණනාවක අතුරු මැතිවරණ ඡන්දය දා දූෂණ චෝදනා රැසක් සිදුවූ බවට චෝදනා විය.

ජවිපෙ 1983 ජුලි තහනම් කිරීමට පෙර අවසන් මධ්‍යම කාරක රුස්වීම 1983 ජුලි 21වැනිදා සිට තෙදිනක් පැවැත්වූයේ තංගල්ල විතාරන්දෙණිය විජිත රණවීරගේ නිවසේ පිහිටි පක්ෂ පාසැලේදීය.

උතුරේ දෙමළ බෙදුම්වාදීන්ගේ බිම් බෝම්බයකින් හමුදාවේ 13දෙනෙකු ඝාතනයට පත්වී ඔවුන්ගේ සිරුරු බොරැල්ල කනත්තට ගෙන ඒමත් සමඟම ඇතැම් දෙමළ ජන කොටස් වලට එරෙහිව කළු ජූලිය 1983 ජුලි 24වැනිදා ඇරඹුණු අතර එහිදි එජාප රජයට එල්ලවූ විවේචන වලට පිලිතුරක් වශයෙන් ආණ්ඩුව සිදුකලේ ජවිපෙ, ශ්‍රී ලංකාවේ කොමියුනිස්ට් පක්ෂය, නව සමසමාජ පක්ෂය 1983 ජුලි 31වැනිදා ගැසට් මගින් තහනමට ලක්කිරීමය. කොමියුනිස්ට් සහ නවසමාජ පක්ෂ නායකයෝ කෙටි කලක් සැඟවී සිට ආණ්ඩුවට භාරවූහ. ජවිපෙ සිය පක්ෂ තහනම ඉවත්කරන ලෙස ජාතික සහ ජාත්‍යන්තර වශයෙන් ඉල්ලීම් කරන ලදී. පක්ෂ තහනම මගින් රහසිගත දේශපාලනයකට ජවිපෙ තල්ලු කරන ලදී. එජාප ආණ්ඩුව 1983 අගෝස්තු 8 සම්මත කර ගන්නා ලද වෙනම රාජ්‍යයක් රාජ්‍යයක් පිහිටුවීමට සහාය නොදෙන බවට ආණ්ඩුක්‍රම ව්‍යවස්ථා 6වැනි සංශෝධනය හේතුකොටගෙන එයට පක්ෂව දිවුරුම් නොදීම නිසා දෙමළ මන්ත්‍රීවරුන්ටද පාර්ලිමේන්තු නියෝජනය අහිමි විය.

 ජවිපෙ ඉතිහාසය තුළ 1977 සිට 1983 ජුලි දක්වා කාලය වූ කලී සංකීර්ණ අත්දැකීම් සහිත එක් යුගයක නිමාවකි. ජවිපෙ පක්ෂ තහනමෙන් පසු එහි ඊළඟ ඇරඹුම වූයේ 1986 සිට 1990 දක්වා පැවති ජවිපෙ 2වැනි කැරැල්ලට පෙර ප්‍රතිසංවිධානයන් හරහා රහසිගතව සහ ප්‍රසිද්ධියේ දෝලනය වූ ක්‍රියාකාරිත්වයයි.(ජවිපෙ 2වැනි කැරළි සමයවූ 1986 සිට 1990 දක්වා පළවන මෙම ලිපි මාලාව ලබාගැනීම පිළිබද විස්තර පහත ලිපිනයට ඔබගේ ලිපිනය යොමු කිරීමෙන් ලබාගත හැකිය. ධර්මන් වික්‍රමරත්න, තැපෙ 26, 434/3 ශ්‍රී ජයවර්ධනපුර. දුරකථනය: 011-5234384 විද්‍යුත් තැපෑල: ejournalists@gmail.com)The writer ධර්මන් වික්‍රමරත්න Dharman Wickremaretne is a senior journalist who could be reached at ejournalists@gmail.com OR 011-5234384.

The Buddhist Philosophy and Critical Thinking

October 2nd, 2016

Dr Ruwan M Jayatunge  

The Buddha’s Charter of Free Inquiry and judging truth are found in the Kalama Sutra of the Anguttara Nikaya. In Kalama Sutra Buddha emphasized the importance of critical thinking that involves seeing things in an open-minded way. Critical thinking helps to evaluate and challenge the thoughts and ideas   and rethink conclusions in the light of new knowledge.

Buddhism was conceived as a rational way of thought, being entirely in accordance with the latest findings of the natural sciences and Buddhism was not based on ‘dogmas of blind belief and revelation, but on rational thought and experiential examination. (Martin Baumann – Global Buddhism: developmental periods, regional histories, and a new analytical perspective – Journal of Global Buddhism 2001)

Critical Thinking

 In 1987, Michael Scriven & Richard Paul gave a detailed description on Critical Thinking. According to Michael Scriven & Richard Paul Critical thinking is the intellectually disciplined process of actively and skillfully conceptualizing, applying, analyzing, synthesizing, and/or evaluating information gathered from, or generated by, observation, experience, reflection, reasoning, or communication, as a guide to belief and action. In its exemplary form, it is based on universal intellectual values that transcend subject matter divisions: clarity, accuracy, precision, consistency, relevance, sound evidence, good reasons, depth, breadth, and fairness. It entails the examination of those structures or elements of thought implicit in all reasoning: purpose, problem, or question-at-issue; assumptions; concepts; empirical grounding; reasoning leading to conclusions; implications and consequences; objections from alternative viewpoints; and frame of reference. Critical thinking — in being responsive to variable subject matter, issues, and purposes — is incorporated in a family of interwoven modes of thinking, among them: scientific thinking, mathematical thinking, historical thinking, anthropological thinking, economic thinking, moral thinking, and philosophical thinking.

The Kalama Sutra and the Modern   Scientific Method

Scientific method refers to a body of techniques   for investigating phenomena    acquiring new knowledge    or correcting and integrating previous knowledge. It is based on   principles and empirical processes of discovery and demonstration considered characteristic of or necessary for scientific investigation, generally involving the observation of phenomena, the formulation of a hypothesis concerning the phenomena, experimentation to demonstrate the truth or falseness of the hypothesis, and a conclusion that validates or modifies the hypothesis. Scientific inquiry is generally intended to be as objective   as possible, to reduce biased interpretations of results.

In Kalama Sutra, the Lord Buddha encouraged critical thinking. These are the words of the Lord Buddha in Kalama Sutra

Do not go by revelation or tradition, do not go by rumour, or the sacred scriptures, do not go by hearsay or mere logic, do not go by bias towards a notion or by another person’s seeming ability and do not go by the idea “He is our teacher”. But when you yourself know that a thing is good, that it is not blamable, that it is praised by the wise.

(Come Kalamas. Do not go upon what has been acquired by repeated hearing; nor upon tradition; nor upon rumour; nor upon what is in a scripture; nor upon surmise; nor upon an axiom; nor upon specious reasoning; nor upon a bias towards a notion that has been pondered over; nor upon another’s seeming ability; nor upon the consideration, “The monk is our teacher.” Kalamas, when you yourselves know: “These things are bad; these things are blameable; these things are censured by the wise; undertaken and observed, these things lead to harm and ill,” abandon them.’Kalama Sutta -Translated from the Pali by Soma Thera The Wheel Publication No. 8 )

According to Bertrand   Russell   Buddhism is a combination of both speculative and scientific philosophy. It advocates the scientific method and pursues that to a finality that may be called Rationalistic. In it are to be found answers to such questions of interest as: ‘What is mind and matter? Of them, which is of greater importance? Is the universe moving towards a goal? What is man’s position? Is there living that is noble?’ It takes up where science cannot lead because of the limitations of the latter’s instruments. Its conquests are those of the mind.

Gay Watson of the University of London makes a comparison between modern science and Buddhism. He further says that the Buddhism, based as it is upon experience and a psychological understanding of body and mind, is one of the oldest systems of thought yet most in tune with contemporary neuroscience and with other strands of contemporary discourse.

Scientific methods are the procedures, or steps used to gain information on something previously unknown. It is a method for investigating phenomena and acquiring new knowledge. The Scientific Method helps to organize thoughts and procedures within limited parameters.   However, there are explicit differences between science and Buddhism. Ven Walpola Rahula highlights this fact more elegantly in his writings. Ven Rahula states that   Buddhism aims at the discovery and the study of humankind’s inner world: ethical, spiritual, psychological, and intellectual. Buddhism is a spiritual and psychological discipline that deals with humanity in total. It is a way of life. It is a path to follow and practice.

Press Briefing Sat 1/10/16 New Zealand and Sri Lankan Prime Ministers

October 2nd, 2016

Dr. Chula Rajapakse MNZM FRCP/FRACP Spokesperson, United Sri Lanka Association

Rt Hon. John Key MP,

The Prime Minister of New Zealand.

Dear Mr Key,

I write to thank you very much indeed   for your tempered and supportive response to the provocative questions raised regarding human rights issues in Sri Lanka , at the joint press briefing that was shown on TV1 6pm News  today.

In this regard, I wish to recall some of the quite extraordinary measures the current administration has taken on this issue  and  in their efforts at ethnic reconciliation in Sri Lanka as follows;

  • President Sirisena was sworn into his office following his election on the 8th of January 2015 by the then Supreme Court Judge K Sripavan, an ethnic Tamil, by passing the incumbent Sinhalese Chief Justice, who was replaced almost immediately by Justice Sripavan as Chief Justice.
  • The governor of the Central Bank of Sri Lanka who was an ethnic Sinhalese at the time of this administration taking office was replaced almost immediately  by an ethnic Tamil  Mr. C Mahendran. He was succeeded an year later by the present incumbent , an another ethnic Tamil, the much acclaimed Mr. Indrajit Coomaraswamy
  • The leader of the opposition of Sri Lanka, since this administration assumed office has been Mr R Sampanthan, an ethnic Tamil. He has received all the support and encouragement from the current administration to pursue the requirements of his office and to further ethnic reconciliation.
  • The entire parliament has also been functioning as a constitutional assembly,, now drafting a new constitution with the active participation of all the parties and MP’s including the Tamil parties and Tamil MP’s . It is this assembly that is considering an MMP system to ensure the inclusion of the Tamil community at the very heart of  the process of governing the country, that you commented on favourably , at the press briefing .
  • The present cabinet has a number of members drawn from the Tamil community holding very senior rankings including one member of the current delegation.
  • Vast tracks of land in the northern province that were occupied by the military have been handed back to the former civilian owners of the Tamil community  that has also resulted in  the closure of a large number of army camps in this region . This is  despite many questioning it’s wisdom given that it is only few years after the end of the 3 decade long brutal terrorist war and despite the international diaspora that  sustained the terrorists with funds and propaganda being largely intact and being as vociferous as ever, even now.
  • The national anthem was sung in tamil  for the first time , at the national day celebrations this year on the 4th of February , despite the constitutionality of doing so not being clarified.
  • The annual commemoration of the sacrifices of life and limb of the security forces who secured liberation of Sri Lanka from three decades of terror on the 19th of May 2009, was cancelled this year through fear of injuring” Tamil Susceptibilities”.  To those of us living in New Zealand that still commemorates the sacrifices of the New Zealand security forces in Gallipoli even a century later, the omission of the commemoration in Sri Lanka 7 years after the event , makes a stark and sad contrast.
  • The setting up of an Office of Missing Persons (OMP) in Sri Lanka, with wide ranging judicial and punitive powers, despite very limited consultation and wide spread opposition from the Sinhalese community and ignoring completely the report of a commission on missing persons appointed by the previous administration ,  whose work  was overseen  by three international legal luminaries . However, as expected the creation of the OMP  have won  vociferous acclaim from the  Tiger Diaspora,the very diaspora that sustained three decades of terror in Sri Lanka.
  • Bowing to US led pressure through UNHCR , this administration has agreed to set up special courts with participation  of international judges with special powers, again despite opposition from many in the Sinhalese community.
  • There is considerable and widespread fear among the Sinhalese that the well funded Tiger Diaspora could use their funds and international influence garnered through the use of these funds and their prowess at disseminating mis-information, could hijack both the OMP and the special courts to their advantage ,as they did with the UNSG appointed Darusman Commission, leaving the Sinhalese with no such international influence or finances , to once again become the victims as they were under Tiger Terror and  under British Colonial Rule as the victimised majority of their divide and rule policies,  for a century and half.
  • The absence of any call from any international agencies or human rights groups to inquire into who, how and where from the international funding for three decades of Tiger Terror in Sri Lanka came, and the role India in training the Tigers in the initial stages of the these three decades, leaves large sections of the Sinhalese, feeling truly hopeless.

Against these extraordinary efforts of the current  Sri Lankan administration among others, at bending over backwards to please a vociferous Tiger diaspora  , that is the main obstacle to  ethnic reconciliation in Sri Lanka today, the likes of the person who raised this issue at todays press briefing and the green party and amnesty international , the other prominent groups in NZ to peddle this line, should update their script  given to them presumably  by the  international Tiger Diaspora, to include todays realities, before firing unhelpful questions and statements.

Thank you once again for your understanding and permit me to say how lucky we  in NZ are to have you as our Prime Minister.

Yours Sincerely,

Dr. Chula Rajapakse MNZM

FRCP/FRACP

Spokesperson,

United Sri Lanka Association

 


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