Threats to Pakistan’s Nuclear Programme

April 2nd, 2016

By Afshain Afzal

Prime Minister of Pakistan, who was scheduled to attend Nuclear Security Summit at Washington but he has decided to send his representative instead. The foreign sponsored terrorist attack outside a recreation park on 27 March, killing 72 people, was the basic reason. Western players, in order to pressurize Pakistan to scrap its nuclear programme, aid neighbouring states and non-state actors to carryout terrorism inside Pakistan. Interestingly, the terrorist attack came at the time, when scheduled summit aims at improvement in nuclear security culture among the member states and sharing best practices to enhance security of nuclear materials. Pakistan is doing her level best to take all possible proactive steps against potential nuclear threats from enemies and adversaries as well as accidental incidents.

Although, Pakistan’s nuclear programme is regulated under the IAEA safeguards and mechanisms to raise the standards for nuclear security. However, intentionally doubts are being created within international community that there are dangers to Pakistani nuclear arsenal. Recently, Lieutenant General Vincent Stewart, Director of Defense Intelligence Agency, during a Congressional testimony on Worldwide Threats said, “Pakistan’s nuclear stockpile continues to grow. We are concerned that this growth, as well as the evolving doctrine associated with tactical nuclear weapons, increases the risk of an incident or accident.”  He said, “Islamabad continues to take steps to improve its nuclear security, and is aware of the threat presented by extremists to its programme.” He added, “Pakistan will face internal security threats from militant, sectarian and separatist groups this year and that ISIS in Khorasan and Al-Qaeda in the Indian Subcontinent will also remain significant security concerns for Islamabad”.

The fact cannot be denied that ever since Pakistan carried out successful nuclear explosions and got herself included in the list of declared nuclear powers, there is a constant threat to its nuclear installation from external forces. It is a wrong perception that Pakistan’s nuclear installations are threatened by internal terrorism and there is no external threat. Pakistan was well aware of Indian and Israeli nuclear designs against her coexistence since very inception and was keenly monitoring the situation. After the Indian nuclear explosions, Pakistan had no option but carryout nuclear tests, in order to maintain nuclear parity with India for her survival.

It is encouraging that Pakistan and India signed a bilateral agreement, which provides for refraining from undertaking, encouraging, or participating in, directly or indirectly, any action aimed at causing destruction or damage to any nuclear installation or facility in each other’s’ country. Starting in January 1992, India and Pakistan have exchanged lists of their respective civilian nuclear-related facilities. This year too, Pakistan and India exchanged list of its nuclear installations in January 2016.  Interestingly, much before the Indian nuclear tests in 1998, Foreign Minister of Pakistan, Gohar Ayub Khan, at the Conference on Disarmament at Geneva on 19 March 1998, offered India an agreement for an equal and mutual restraint in conventional, missile and nuclear fields. However, Indian Defense Minister George Fernandes issued a statement on 4 May 1998 that India has decided not to sign the CTBT or NPT and would not only keep the nuclear option open, but also planning to exercise options to make nuclear weapons.

The fact cannot be denied that Pakistan never had a chemical weapons programme. In 1992, India and Pakistan issued Joint Declaration that neither side possessed chemical weapons and in the same regard also signed an agreement. Pakistan ratified the CWC with the same confidence but later it was confirmed that India bluffed and possess active chemical weapons programme and stockpiles.  India’s recent draft nuclear doctrine involves a deterrent capability based on unacceptable damage to an opponent has again put the Pakistan’s nuclear and non-nuclear installations on the list of possible attacks.

It is on record that in 1981, Israel attacked the Iraqi nuclear reactor in Osirik and claimed to have acted in self-defence because it said that Iraq directed its nuclear weapons toward Israel. After successfully destroying Iraqi nuclear reactor in 1981, Israelis planned a similar attack on Pakistan’s nuclear facilities at Kahuta in collusion with India in the 1980s. US agencies informed Pakistan regarding the Israeli full-scale operation with the collaboration of India to attack Pakistan’s nuclear facility at Kahuta.  Israel’s per-emptive strike against one of Pakistan’s nuclear facilities could not be materialized due to US pressure on Israel.

Pakistan, as a declared nuclear power, is well aware of her obligation to comply with international rules for non-proliferation of nuclear technology. Under the democratically elected government, the Pakistan Nuclear Regulatory Authority is there to have an autonomous oversight mechanism to ensure the safety and security of nuclear installations. Pakistan nuclear programme is aimed for peaceful purposes to fulfill present and future needs. However, because of baseless allegations, Islamabad is being deprived of civil nuclear deal or membership to NSG. Rather, she is pressurized not to develop its nuclear programmes. No doubt, there is a threat to Pakistan’s nuclear programme from some Western countries as well as India and Israel but Pakistan’s Armed Forces and nuclear regime are well trained to defend their highly protected nuclear assets.

 

 

PPFA welcomes HC directive on war memorial

April 2nd, 2016

 By NJ Thakuria

Guwahati: Patriotic People’s Front Assam [PPFA] welcomed the verdict of Gauhati High Court in clearing all hurdles to complete the proposed war [martyr’s] memorial on the north bank of historic Dighalipukhuri in the heart of the city.

The Gauhati high court on Wednesday dismissed a public interest litigation [PIL] to permanently halt the construction of the war memorial on the bank of the ancient tank arguing that the construction activities would affect the ecology of the pond and also destroy its link between present and the past history.

The court in its order said that the proposed memorial would not only ‘inspire the children and youths of Assam to join the armed forces’

but also  inculcate in them respect for the members of armed forces who have sacrificed their lives for the country.

One of the respondent parties, Sainik Welfare Board of Assam, stated in an affidavit to the court that the construction of war memorial started on the government land outside the area of Dighalipukhuri [literary meaning long pond]. It also promised that no construction activity would be carried out in the water body of the 4.5-hectare tank.

The division bench of Chief Justice Ajit Singh and Justice Manojit Bhuyan also observed that the respondents including the State government assured that there would be no construction activity in the water body of Dighalipukhuri  and the pond would be preserved and protected from any encroachment.

It may be mentioned that a group Guwahati intellectuals knocked the door of HC  through a PIL two months back challenging the construction, following which the court directed to maintain status quo on any construction activities around Dighalipukhuri.

Amazingly the banned United Liberation Front of Asom (Independent) also came out with a statement that it would not allow any war memorial in Assam, as it would only glorify the Indian armed forces.

The armed outfit claimed that New Delhi was ‘forcefully invading Assam’ and hence it would continue opposing the project.

Initiated by Sainik Welfare Board of Assam, the war memorial was financed by Assam government and its foundation stone was laid on 18 May last year by State chief minister Tarun Gogoi. Acclaimed Assamese sculptor Biren Singha designed the statues and other artifacts for the

100 million budget project.

“We are happy that the honourable court has paved the way for the completion of war martyr’s memorial, which we believe will surly inspire the present and future generation to remember the heroism and sacrifice of our great martyrs,” said a statement issued by Rupam Barua, Nava Thakuria, Pramod Kalita, Anup Sharma, Girindra Karji, Jagadindra Raichoudhury, Pankaj Duarah,  Tarali Chakrabarty of PPFA adding that many civil society groups supported the construction of war memorial and finally their stand was vindicated by the court.

Skills for Survival

April 2nd, 2016

Ben Silva

Many ethnic groups around the world have been wiped out by technically superior groups as a result of lack of innovation and failure to adapt and progress and failure to recognise external threats. I have given below some food for thought, regarding arresting the decline.

  1. Understand the nature of the world and Understand laws of nature, in particular the  law of nature which states “ Survival of the fittest “ and law of natural selection.
  2. Understand laws of economics.
  3. Develop commercial and trading  skills.
  4. Develop skills needed to survive in the world.
  5. Develop critical thinking skills.Develop a mindset to survive and win, as opposed to seeking extinction. , be prepared to face suffering in order to make progress.
  6. Develop problem solving, communication and information seeking skills.
  7. Develop time management skills.
  8. Develop high productivity and high efficiency.
  9. Prepared to work hard and engage in life long learning and engage in up skilling.
  10.  Be innovative and find smart solutions to problems.
  11. Recognise external threats and develop strategies and mechanisms to deal with external threats. An example of an external threat is CEPA  and ECTA. Do the Sinhalese have an organisation or even a web site to look after their interests ?

India gave birth to LTTE & Tamil militancy in Sri Lanka

April 1st, 2016

Shenali D Waduge

Prabakaran was never employed. He formed his first militant group at the age of 18. His first killing was when he was 21 years. How can a man who has never had a job pay for sophisticated arms, ammunition and be able to fund a movement of terror unless he had assistance. India provided that assistance and enough evidence prevails to showcase this. However, all calls for accountability and justice conveniently omits calls to investigate how terror started. LTTE and all other militant groups were not created in Sri Lanka or by Sri Lanka but created in India by India. Until and unless this key factor comes out into the open and is properly investigated there is little point in dangling onto 3 months and trying to fix the Sri Lankan military only. It is simply baffling how the international authorities and UN are using LTTE terror to carve out a separate state citing discrimination of Tamils totalling ignoring LTTE was a terrorist movement and India was the state that created it and many others. The Indian involvement in training LTTE & other militants nullifies claims of an ethnic problem and also nullifies that Tamils took to arms after the 1983 July riots. It would be most interesting to know how India came to first tap Prabakaran to be their rebel leader, just as we came to know that his deputy Mahaththaya was tapped to succeed Prabakaran and take over leadership after assassinating Prabakaran on the instructions of Indian intelligence.

How did LTTE start killing in the 1980s? Using arms and ammunition supplied by India under RAW instructions. This also raises the question on whose instructions the LTTE would have killed the 13 Sri Lankan soldiers.

Over 35 Tamil groups have been trained by India over the years https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Sri_Lankan_Tamil_militant_groups

LTTE & Other Militant Groups before 1983

  • 26 Nov 1954 – Birth of Prabaaran (father Malaysian Tamil origin belonging to fisher caste)
  • 22nd May, 1972 – Prabakaran forms Tamil New Tigers (TNT) at the age of 18.
  • In 1972 Prabakaran sailed to India with Thangadurai and Kuttimani and after living 2 years in India’s Tamil Nadu returned to Sri Lanka in 1974.
  • 27 July 1975 months after returning from India Prabakaran shot dead Alfred Duriappah the Tamil mayor of Jaffna and chief organizer of the SLFP in the North. (Prabakaran’s first killing was on a Tamil, Prabakaran was only 21 years old)
  • 5 March 1976 Prabakaran raided People’s Bank in Puttur stealing 500,000 in cash and jewellery worth Rs.200,000 after holding employees at gun point. A month later he formed a new party.
  • 5 May 1976 – Prabakaran rechristens TNT as LTTE Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam
  • 16 Aug 1977 – Clashes with police and Tamil youth.
  • January 1978 – LTTE shoots dead M Canagaratnam (TULF MP who joined UNP) in Colombo. This was LTTE’s 1st attack outside North East.
  • 7 April 1978 – police led by inspector Bastianpillai (Tamil) raid LTTE training camp & are attacked
  • 25 April 1978 – LTTE accepts responsibility for murder of Mayor Duraiappah (1st time LTTE does so) LTTE also admits to killing a police agent N Nadaraja and 9 Tamil policemen including Bastianpillai. www.tamilarangam.net and published in Veerakesari.
  • 22 May 1978 LTTE banned by President J R Jayawardena “Proscription of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam and Other Similar Organizations Ordinance”.Sri Lanka also issues a list of 38 ‘wanted’ men. Prabakaran’s name also included.
  • 7 September 1978 – the day Sri Lanka Parliament introduced new constitution an AVRO 748 aircraft of Air Ceylon was blasted by LTTE after it landed at Ratmalana airport
  • 5 December 1978 – LTTE bank heist at Tinnevelly People Bank stealing 16.8lakhs and killing police officers and taking their weapons.
  • 5 December 1979 – LTTE raid People’s Bank stealing Rs.12lakhs killing 2 policemen
  • Violence forced GOSL to repeal Proscription of Liberation of Tigers Ordinance and enacted Prevention of Terrorism Act (PTA) and police launched hunt on militants forcing Prabakaran to flee to Tamil Nadu.
  • 1982 May shootout between Prabakaran and PLOTE chief Uma Maheswaran. Bomb blast at Meenambakkam Airport Madras in which 30 died Tamil Eelam Army claimed responsibility.

By 1986 LTTE was having 6 camps in India – in districts of Sirumale in Anna, Thanjavur West, Thanjavu East, Kumbarapatti in Salem, Madurai, Ramnad in Tamil Nadu. These camps had close to 500 cadres including 90 females. TELO had 5 camps, EROS had 2 camps, EPRLF 7 camps,  PLOT had 18 camps training over 2200 cadres including females. As you can see the EPRLF had more camps and more cadres than LTTE by 1986. By 1986 close 3500 cadres had been trained in these camps. Lets be realistic and agree that none of these trainings would have taken place if it did not have the approval of the Indian Government. The Indian Government cannot claim that they were unaware that Sri Lankan Tamils were being trained in armed warfare inside India, in over 30 camps across districts of Tamil Nadu.

The Tamil militancy-Muslim-Palestinian connection

  • EROS Eelam Revolutionary Organization of Students was formed in London in 1975 by Eliyathamby Ratnasabapathy after General Union of Eelam Students was formed in Madras. EROS cadres were from Batticoloa and Amparai (East SL). EROS first organization to unite with Muslims. www.tamilarangam.net
  • 1976 EROS began militant training camps in Vavuniya which became both LTTE and EROS main base for training.
  • EROS leaders in London were linked with Syed Hameed, PLO representative in UK who arranged for EROS and LTTE to be trained in Lebanon. Training took place in 1976 and 1977
  • 1980 EROS and student wing split to form EPRLF Eelam People’s Revolutionary Liberation Front. EPRLF formed a militant wing in 1982 and led by K Padmanabha. EPRLF had direct links to India for Varatharaja Perumal became the first Chief Minister in the merged North-East Provincial Council.  K Padmanabha was assassinated on 19th June 1990 in Madras.
  • PLOTE People’s Liberation Organization of Tamil Eelam founded in 1980 by Uma Maheswaran. He was earlier Chairman of LTTE from 1977-1980 and trained in Lebanon & Syria. PLOTE was linked to Dr. George Habash’s PFLP Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine. In July 1989 Maheshwaran was shot dead in Colombo.

BirthofLTTE

Why India created Sri Lankan Tamil militancy

  • Fact 1: Tamil Nadu had been calling for self-determination far before it was launched in Sri Lanka.
  • Fact 2: Tamil leaders from both countries have been peddling pseudo-historical interpretations to justify that 76million Tamils should have a separate homeland.
  • Fact 3: This Tamil psyche is what ails any solution because their mind is only set on a separate homeland.
  • Fact 4: Just as Tamil Nadu objected to Hindi as official language of India, Sri Lankan Tamils object to Sinhala as official language of Sri Lanka.
  • Fact 5: It was after India introduced the 16th amendment to India’s Constitution that Sri Lanka became the venue for the calls for self-determination.
  • Fact 6: Sri Lankan militancy birthed by Indian government had Tamil Nadu support and Sri Lankan militants used Tamil Nadu freely.
  • Fact 7: India held discussions with Sri Lankan Government ONLY AFTER it had trained Tamil militants and were satisfied that these armed men could be used to force Sri Lankan Government to fall at India’s feet.

Other noteworthy facts

  • An interview with J N Dixit India’s high commissioner to Sri Lanka confirms that by 1985 Rajiv Gandhi had decided to stop all training and assistance to Sri Lankan Tamil groups and had even given orders to intercept a large consignment of arms to be given to them. This invariably means that India had been training and assisting Tamil militancy. In that same interview Dixit also admits that Prabakaran became disillusioned with India by end of 1986 because Indian material assistance stopped (which indirectly implies that India had been supplying material support to terror groups). Dixit also concludes that it was only after India stopped supplying material support that Tamil militants sought linkages elsewhere through expatriate communities. http://www.rediff.com/news/oct/30dixit.htm
  • Dixit, in his memoirs, says that arming Sri Lankan Tamil youths was one of the two major policy blunders of Prime Minister Indira Gandhi. “Intelligence agencies (RAW) said….these are boys who were trained by us from 1977” (Dixit, Assignment Colombo)
  • “Intelligence agencies (RAW) said….these are boys who were trained by us from 1977” (Dixit, Assignment Colombo)
  • April 5, 1988 Wikileaks cable quotes J N Dixit that India had agreed to pay LTTE Rs.50lakhs per month which was paid in July 1987. This was to make up for the tax loss for the LTTE upon IPKF arrival. It was also a payment that sealed Prabakaran’s agreement to the Indo-Lanka Accord.
  • RAW chief Gauri Shankar Bajpai had admitted that Colonel Kittu (Sathasivam Krishnakumar), the LTTE commander, was India’s mole in the militant outfit. RAW chief Gauri Shankar Bajpai had admitted that Colonel Kittu (Sathasivam Krishnakumar), the LTTE commander, was India’s mole in the militant outfit. RAW chief Gauri Shankar Bajpai had admitted that Colonel Kittu (Sathasivam Krishnakumar), the LTTE commander, was India’s mole in the militant outfit. then RAW chief Gauri Shankar Bajpai had admitted that Colonel Kittu (Sathasivam Krishnakumar), the LTTE commander, was India’s mole in the militant outfit.Then RAW chief Gauri Shankar Bajpai admitted that Col Kittu (Sathasivam Krishnakumar) LTTE commander was India’s mole. http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/chennai/Ex-RAW-chief-said-LTTE-commander-was-Indias-mole-Rajivs-case-investigator-says/articleshow/39723139.cms
  • India’s former Union Law Minister and advocate Ram Jethmalani has said that the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) was created by former Prime Minister Indira Gandhi for the protection of Indian interests. “They were trained by our own agency RAW. When the Chinese and the Pakistanis were establishing their power in Sri Lanka, Indira wanted some force inside Sri Lanka to safeguard our Indian interests,”  
  • Mark Salter, author of the book To End a Civil War Norway’s Peace Engagement in Sri Lanka says Tamil Nadu Chief Minister late MGR was Prabakaran’s ‘pillar’. It is said that MGR had given Rs.110million to build the LTTE https://www.ceylontoday.lk/51-109440-news-detail-mgr-was-prabhakarans-cash-machine.html / http://www.tamils4.co.uk/mgrs-help-to-ltte/
  • J.R.[Jayewardene] labeled the LTTE as `the private army of Mr.M.G.Ramachandran`,
  • MGR gave us Rs 6-crore, says LTTE http://expressindia.indianexpress.com/news/fullstory.php?newsid=27903
  • Justice Jain has said only “very few” Tamils in Tamils Nadu had supported the LTTE.
  • Subramaniam Swamy exposes Sonia Gandhi and LTTE https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Zry5lkR69Sc / https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=S27BruX7KX4

Affidavits in the RAW chief Gauri Shankar Bajpai had admitted that Colonel Kittu (Sathasivam Krishnakumar), the LTTE commander, was India’s mole in the militant outfit.  Jain Commission report

  • Nedumaran : Para-6 :- “It was at that juncture, the Late Prime Minister Mrs. Indira Gandhi entrusted the full responsibility of Military training of the Tamil Militant youths, to the Research and Analysis wing (popularly known as RAW).
  • Karunanidhi – “It is a well known fact that the LTTE and other Sri Lankan Militants camps were established in India ever since 1982 in tune with the policy of the Central Government at that time. The Tamil militants were given military training and allowed to have their own training camps in India.”
  • Shri K. Mohandas Dir Gen. Police Para 13 :- “….The issue had become very sensitive, and meanwhile, the Prime Minister’s advisors were working overtime, giving facilities to the militants, particularly the TELO (Tamil Ealam Liberation Organisation) to be trained in the use of modern arms in the camps organised in Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Uttar Pradesh, New Delhi and elsewhere. The idea was that after the training, they would be supplied with arms and sent to Northern Sri Lanka to engage the Sri Lankan troops in guerrilla action. It was supposed to be a top secret operation without even the knowledge of the State Government and its Intelligence agency. (at least as far as Tamil Nadu was concerned.”

It is imperative that the role India played in fostering terrorism in Sri Lanka is brought out into the open and India held to account. In ignoring

this India has bulldozed itself upon Sri Lanka first via arm twising Sri Lanka to sign the Indo-Lanka Accord in 1987, bringing down Indian

troops into Sri Lanka in 1987, tweaking Sri Lanka’s constitution to India’s advantage and changing the entire structure of the constitution and

governance by introducing the 13th amendment and a provincial council system that is a colossal waste of money and unproductive. Pushing

forward a bogus homeland theory that camaflages India’s real intent to link Eastern province so that India can take over Trincomalee habor.

Influencing through Norway the Cease Fire Agreement that once more gave India leverage and now the attmept by India to economically

stifle Sri Lanka via ETCA agreement enabling a flood of Indians to legally invade Sri Lanka while also influencing the drafting of another

constitutional change that would once more be to India’s advantage only.

It is time Sri Lanka started demanding that if any investigation is to begin, India’s role in starting Sri Lanka’s troubles is investigated first.

Shenali D Waduge

SOFT SKILLS – ENGLISH – INFORMATION TECHONOLOGY – SCIENCE AND PERSONALITY BUILDING FOR PROFESSIONALS AND JOURNILISTS

April 1st, 2016

Sarath Wijesinghe – former Ambassador to UAE and Israel- Solicitor Attorney -at -Law-CEO Sri Lanka 2050-

Development of Soft Skills is necessary for the development of a Nation in this competitive world becoming closer fast disintegrating physical borders due to developments on IT Language and skills. Human development is a main source of the development of a successful country. State of Israel is a world power with less or no resources mainly due to the development of skills based on knowledge and Technology of the citizen. It is famous for innovations and explorations on Hi Tec Agritcultire and Advanced sconce and technology. Every Israel citizen who has the right to return, is an innovator with sufficient knowledge on technology. Israel Citizens spread worldwide as world leaders claiming 15 Nobel Prizes and controls in world organization on various subjects. They are leaders on Agritcultire, Water and Technology claiming 95% of their agritcultire is technology. They are what they are today due to sheer necessity. They made the barren patch of land owned 70 years ago one of the most developed and powerful end nations guiding leaders of the world on Agritcultire, Water and technology despite threats from the neighbours around.

Sri Lanka and Sri Lankans are no second to other citizens having proved their inherent talents dominating the world on many fields. 1.8 million of the Sri Lankan population serves two Nations in Nation building and contributing to the development of the motherland. 10% of the Philippine population also in foreign employment in a more organized way serving two nations. They do better than us due to better skills on language Presentation and experience gathers at home which offers to citizen in a more organized fashion. With no hard feelings and due respect to Indians, Sri Lankan are more advanced, talented and accepted to the world due to their hard work, mannerism, intelligence and approach to the world. We have world renewed professionals and intellectuals, but majority of the professionals, workers, and persons on other walks of life need to improve soft skills for better results for themselves and the country.

Sri Lanka 2050 is a non-political and non-profitable organization consisting of concerned likeminded professional and intercouples in Nation building in various areas and Felds. We conducted successful projects / workshops on Geneva Issue, Death Penalty, CEPA/ECTA, and Kidney Diseases ( CKDU) and planning workshop on Soft Skills and Formation of a Kidney Bank in Sri Lanka on 27th April nod 26th May respectively. We have all our deliberations at the main Auditorium of the organization of Professionals off Reid Avenue near Colombo University Arts Faculty.

26th April event we have invited Professor Rajive Wijesinghe, Mr Sunimal Fernando, Department of English in Universities and Departments of IT, Science and Technology in Universities and private educational institutions. British Council is a partner in the process and the organizers will be inviting US Aid and many others organizations and personalities interested and leaders in the area of expertise.

We thank British Council having agreed to be a partner in this process and the other groups and individuals join hands with us. Entrance is free for all and the target group are the professionals, those in employment, IT sector and Journalists. We have extended the invitation to Private Schools, Universities, and “Privanas” for the improvement of skills to Buddhist monks.

This is our initial communication seeking your view and assistance and participation and al your views and suggests welcome.

We look ford to hearing from you soon

Sarath Wijeisnghe

Former Ambassador Solicitor, Attorney -at -Law

තොරතුරු පනත උඩුකුරුඤ්ඤංද?

April 1st, 2016

ධර්මන් වික‍්‍රමරත්න

රිවිර සිකුරාදා පුවත්පත සදහා ධර්මන් වික්‍රමරත්න ලියන මුරගල තීරු ලිපිය – 146

අද අප්‍රේල් 1දාය. අනුන් රැවටීම සඳහා විවිධාකාරයෙන් විහිළු තහළු කරන මෝඩයින්ගේ දවසය. එම දිනයේ විනෝදවිම සඳහා උසස්ම ගණයේ විහිළු තහළු එක්රැස් කිරීම ලොව පුරා සිදුකෙරේ. එදින ලොව වැඩියෙන්ම විනෝදවන ජාතිය වනුයේ නෙදර්ලන්ත වාසීහුය. ශ්‍රී ලංකාවේ ‘යහපාලන’ ආණ්ඩුව මෙම දිනවල සපයන විහිළු තහළු වලින් නෙදර්ලන්තයද දැන් පරදවා ඇත්දැයි සැකයකි. සියළු වැඩ දැන් ජෝන් බාස්ට ගොස්ය. වසරකට දිනක් නොව ඉකුත් වසර පුරාම අරුම පුදුම විහිළු කිරීමෙන් ජනයා විනෝදමත් කිරීමට ඔවුහු සමත්ව සිටිති.

‘යහපාලන’ ආණ්ඩුව බලයට පත්වී අදට දින 470ක් පමණ වන අතර එම දින ගණනට ගෙතූ බොරු ගණනද ඒහා සමානය. ජනපතිවරණයෙන් 2015 ජනවාරි 8වැනිදා ජයගත් පසු වෙච්ච පොරොන්දු සහ ඇත්තටම වෙච්ච දේ රැවටිල්ලකි. සාමාජිකයින් 25කට අඩු කැබිනට් මණ්ඩලය හිතළුවකි. ප්‍රජාතන්ත්‍රවාදය සහතික කිරීම සඳහා පිහිටවූ ජාතික උපදේශක සභාව හොරා පොලිස් ගේමකි. කේවල සහ සමානුපාතික රටාවන් මිශ්‍රවූ නව මැතිවරණ ක්‍රමයක් හඳුන්වාදීමේ මුවාවෙන් රටපුරා පළාත් පාලන ආයතන 336න් 313ක් විසුරුවා හැර ජනතා පරමාධිපත්‍යය වසරකට ආසන්න කාලයක් වළලා දමමින් තිබේ. පොලිස් සහ මැතිවරණ කොමිසම් ඇතුළු ස්වාධීන කොමිසම් සභා ඇතිකලද ඉන් ලැබුණු ප්‍රතිඵල නරියා කහඹිලියා පැලය උඩ වාඩිවුනා වගේ වැඩක්ය. විධායක ජනාධිපති ක්‍රමය අහෝසි කරනවා කීවද සිදුවී ඇත්තේ එහෙන් මෙහෙන් කෑලි ටිකක් හළා මදය තබාගෙන පරණ පුරුදු පාරේම රේස් යෑමය. ජාතික ඖෂධ පනත සම්මත කිරීමෙන් නටපු නැටුමකුත් නැත. බෙරේ පළුවකුත් නැත. ඖෂධ මිලද නහුතෙට නැගලාය.

dharman010416A(ඡායාරූප සටහන: මැද ඇති කාටුන් චිත්‍රය ඇත්ත පුවත්පතේ යූනුස් විසින් ඇදිමෙන් පසු පතාල නායක සොත්ති උපාලි විසින් දැලිපිහියෙන් යුනුස්ගේ කටකපා පිස්තෝලයක් පෙන්නා තර්ජනය කරන ලදී. වමේ සිට පහලට ඡායාරූපවල 1990 ඝාතනයට ලක්වූ අයි.පී.එස් ප්‍රවෘත්ති සේවයේ රිචඩ් ද සොයිසා, 1999 ඝාතනයට ලක්වූ සටන පුවත්පතේ කර්තෘ රෝහණ කුමාර, ත්‍රස්තවාදී පනත යටතේ උතුරේ යුධ මෙහෙයුමක් පිළිබදව සාවද්‍ය ප්‍රවෘත්තියක් පළකළේයැයි අත්අඩංගුවට ගත් ටීඑන්එල් රූපවාහිනියේ ප්‍රවෘත්ති  අධ්‍යක්ෂිකා ඉෂිනි වික්‍රමසිංහ කොළඹ මහේස්ත්‍රාත් උසාවියේදි, දකුණේ සිට පහළට ඡායාරූපවල ඝාතනයට ලක්වූ සන්ඩේ ලීඩර් කර්තෘ ලසන්ත වික්‍රමතුංග, සංවිධානාත්මක මැර ප්‍රහාරයකට ලක්වූ නේෂන් පුවත්පතේ සහකාර කර්තෘ කීත් නොයා සහ දියවන්නාවේ ‘වාග් ප්‍රහාරයට’ ගොදුරුවූ දෙරණ රූපවාහිනියේ චතුර අල්විස් මෙහි වේ).

මාධ්‍ය නිදහස තහවුරු කිරීම සඳහා තොරතුරු දැන ගැනීමේ අයිතිය තහවුරු කිරීමේ පනතක් ‘යහපාලන’ ආණ්ඩුව හදුන්වා දෙන බව කිවේ 2015 පෙබරවාරි 20වැනිදාය. එය පාර්ලිමේන්තුවේ සම්මත කරගන්නවායැයි කීවේ 2015 මාර්තු 20වැනිදාය. පමාවී හෝ තොරතුරු පනත වසරකට පසු 2016 මාර්තු පාර්ලිමේන්තුවට ඉදිරිපත් කළේය. ඒ අව්ව තිබියදී පිදුරු වේලාගත යුතුය යන න්‍යායෙනි. අනේ මෙහෙම රැවටීමක්! තොරතුරු දැන ගැනීමේ පනත දැන් කල දුටු කල වල ඉහ ගැනීමකි. මාධ්‍ය නිදහසට පහරකි. හරියට ඊයේ පෙරේදා සම්මත කිරීමට වලිකෑ පසුව ශ්‍රේෂ්ඨාධිකරණයේ තීරණයෙන් පසු හමස් පෙට්ටියට ගිය භික්ෂු පනත වාගේ වැඩකි. තෙලෙන් බැද්දත් කොබෙයියා කොබෙයියාමය.

ඉදිරිපත් කරන ලද කෙටුම්පත තොරතුරු වසන් කිරිම සඳහා ගෙනෙන ලද කෙටුම්පතකි. පනත වෙනුවෙන් එදා පෙනී සිටි සාධාරණ සමාජය දැන් රඟදක්වන්නේ ගොන් කොටි කෝලමකි. පුරවැසි බලය කම් කම් බූරු සිං සිං ‍නෝරු ප්‍රතිපත්තියේය. අලුත් පරපුර ඉන්නේ පුංචි අන්දරේ මඟුල් ගෙදර ගියා වගේය. දූෂණ විරෝධී පෙරමුණ සිදුකරනුයේ කිඹුලා ඇදගෙන යනවිට කොහිල ගහේ එල්ලීමය. ඊශ්වර දෙවියන්‍‍ගේ ගෙලේ බැඳි නාගයා මොණරුන්ගෙන් දුක සැප විමසනවා මෙන් ෆූටාව නොහොත් සරසවි ආචාර්ය සමිති සම්මේලනයද සුභාෂිතයේ කියන පරිදි ‘ඇසි කිම යහළු තොරතුරු’ කියා ෂේප් තියරියක පේවී සිටී. විදියේ විරෝධයද පාළුව කාන්සිය මකා ගන්නට සිව්පද කවියක් කියා පද පෙරළමින් සමයං නටති. පනත ගෙන එන්නට වසර 2ක් කෑමොර ගැසූ අය දැන් කරන්නේ පුල්ලෙයාර් ගසේ ‍දෙවියන් වෙනුවෙන් කොල අතු එල්ලීමය. මේ සියළු සංවිධාන සහ සමාජ ක්‍රියාකාරිකයන් ලෙස පෙනී සිටින්නන් සියල්ලෝම ඉදිරියේ මහදවල් දැන් නිරාවරණය වෙමින් පවතී. අදාල ප්‍රශ්නවල ගැඹුර විසින්ම අව්‍යාජව එම ප්‍රශ්න ගැන කථාකරන නව රැල්ලක් සෑම කේෂත්‍රයකින්ම නැගී එමින් තිබීම මව්බිමේ වාසනාවකි.

තොරතුරු දැනගැනීමේ පනත වසර ගණනාවක් තිස්සේ පුරවැසි සංවිධාන සහ මාධ්‍යවේදීන්ගේ ඉල්ලීමකි. එහෙත් දැන් එය තොරතුරු සැගවීමේ පනතකි. මෙම පනත් කෙටුම්පත පරික්ෂාවට ලක්කරන විට එය ජනතාවගේ පරමාර්ථයන් බොහෝමයක් ඉටු නොවන බව පෙනී ගොස් ඇත. පළාත් සභා සියල්ලෙන්ම ව්‍යවස්ථාපිතව සම්මත කලැයි කීවද එයද විවාදාත්මකය. තොරතුරු දැනගැනිමේ අයිතිය ස්ථාපිත කිරීමෙන් බලාපොරොත්තු වන්නේ ජනතාවගේ ජීවිතවලට බලපාන තොරතුරු රාජ්‍ය ආයතනවලින් ලබාගැනීමේ අයිතිය ජනතාවට ලැබීමය. අයිතිය සහතික කරන නීති තිබූ පමණින් තොරතුරු පුරවැසියන්ට නිරාවරණය නොවේ. නව පනත් කෙටුම්පතින් එම සීමාවන් පැනවිම දැඩිකර ඇත. එමෙන්ම පරස්පරතාවයන්ද බහුලය. තොරතුරු ලබා නොදෙන්නේනම් ගතයුතු විකල්පය වෙනත් රටවල පැහැදිලි කර තිබුණද නව කෙටුම්පතේ එවැනි සාධනීය ලක්ෂණ නැත.

පනතට අනුව බැංකු කටයුතු හෝ ණය කටයුතු විධිමත් කිරීමට අදාළ තොරතුරු, බදු පැනවීම හා භාණ්‌ඩ සහ සේවාවල මිල ස්‌ථාවරව පවත්වා ගැනීම, පාලනය සහ ගැලපීම, කුලී සහ අනෙකුත් පිරිවැය හා වේතන අනුප්‍රමාණ වැටුප් සහ අනෙකුත් ආදායම් පිළිබඳ තොරතුරු ද යමෙකු ඉල්ලා සිටියහොත් ඒවා හෙළි කිරීම වරදකි. අධිකරණයට අපහාස වන තොරතුරු හෙළි කිරීම, පාර්ලිමේන්තු වරප්‍රසාද උල්ලංඝනය වන තොරතුරු හෙළි කිරීම, විභාගවලට අදාළ තොරතුරු රහසිගතව තබා ගැනීමට නියමිත අවස්‌ථාවක ඒවා හෙළි කිරීම, ජාත්‍යන්තර ගිවිසුම් හා බැඳීම් පිළිබඳ තොරතුරු හෙළි කිරීම ද වරදකි. වරදට දඬුවම වසර දෙකක සිරි දඬුවමක් හෝ රුපියල් 50,000ක් හෝ දෙකමය.  පාර්ලිමේන්තු වරප්‍රසාද පනත, පුවත්පත් මණ්ඩල පනත, අපහාස නීතිය වැනි පනත් මගින් මේවා දැනටමත් ආවරණය වේ. නව පනත මගින් සිදුවන්නේ එම වරදවල් මුවහත්කර දඬුකදේ ගැසීමට පාර කැපීමකි. දූෂණ, හොර ගිවිසුම් හෙළිකිරීම වරදක් බව පනත් කෙටුම්පත කියා ඇති බැවින් දැන් ඒවා හෙළිකිරීම පිළිබදව මාධ්‍යයට ගැඹුරින් සිතා බැලීමට තල්ලු කර තිබේ.

‘යහපාලන’ ආණ්ඩුවට එකඟ නොවන අයට රාජ්‍ය ආයතන මගින් අවලාද නැගීමට දැන් මහා පරිමාණයෙන් සිදුවෙමින් පවතී. ලංකා පුත්‍ර සංවර්ධන බැංකුව මගින් පළාත් ඇමති ඩී.වී උපුල් පන්සලක ඉඩමක් ඇපයට තියා මුදලක් ලබාගෙන ඇතැයි එම බැංකුව ආණ්ඩුවේ නියෝජ්‍ය ඇමතිවරයෙකු මගින් ප්‍රසිද්ධ කළේය. පසුව එය මඩක් පමණක් බව බැංකුව කියා සිටියේය. මෙය 1988 අංක 30 දරණ බැංකු පනතේ රහස්‍යභාවය පිළිබඳ වගන්ති උල්ලංඝනය කිරිමකි. ලංකා පුත්‍ර බැංකුව වර්තමානයේ අක්‍රමිකතා රැසකි. අලුත් පනත අනුව මේවා අනාවරණය කිරීමට වැට බැදෙනු ඇත. එදා 1990 ජනවාරි 8වැනිදා සිට චෙක්පත් ගණනාවක් මගින් දෙමළ කොටින්ට මුදල්, යානවාහන දීම වැනි කරුණුද මින් පසු හෙළි නොවනු ඇත.   

ජනතාවට ඉල්ලා සිටිය නොහැකි බැහැර කිරීම් රාශියක් සහිත තොරතුරු දැනගැනීමේ අයිතියෙන් වැඩක් සිදුවන්නේ නැත. නිදසුනක් ලෙස වර්තමාන පනත් කෙටුම්පතින් ජාතික ආරක්ෂාවට සම්බන්ධ, විදේශ ආණ්ඩුවලට සම්බන්ධ රාජ්‍ය ආයතන සමඟ තෙවැනි පාර්ශවයක් බෙදාගන්නා තොරතුරු වරප්‍රසාදයක් වශයෙන් ආරක්ෂාකර ගැනේ. මින් ජාතික ආරක්ෂාව වැනි කරුණකට කොන්දේසි සහිතව එකඟවිය හැකිවූවද තෙවැනි පාර්ශවයක් ලෙස ගම්‍ය කරන රාමුව යටතේ ඉන්දියාව සමඟ අත්සන් කරන එක්ටා වැනි ගිවිසුම් ගැන තොරතුරු ලබාගත නොහැක. ඒවා විදේශ වෙළඳ ගිවිසුම්වලට අවතීරණවීම යටතේ සඟවා ඇත. පනත් කෙටුම්පත උඩින් ඔපේය. යටින් හපේය. ලොව පිළිගත් ආචාරධර්ම අනුව නීතිය සහ යුක්තියට නොගැලපෙන වගන්ති නව කෙටුම්පතට ඇතුලත් කර ඇත. ආණ්ඩුවේ ආර්ථික සහ මූල්‍ය ප්‍රතිපත්ති තීරණ එහි සඳහන් පරිදි ආර්ථිකයට බරපතල හානිකරන දෑය. එය එසේ නම් ලක් ඉතිහාසයේ සිදුවූ දැවැන්ත වංචාව වූ කෝටි 4,280 මහබැංකු බැඳම්කර මගඩිය පිළිබඳව තොරතුරු ලබා ගැනීමේ මංපෙත් අහුරා ඇත. නව පනත අනුව ලිඛිත අනුමැතියක් නැතිව වෛද්‍ය වාර්තා තොරතුරු හෙළි කිරීමද වරදකි. මහින්ද රාජපක්ෂ ආණ්ඩු කාලයේ අගමැති දි.මූ ජයරත්නට විදේශගතව වෛද්‍ය ප්‍රතිකාර ලබාගැනිම සඳහා රේඛනය නොකරන ලද මුදලින් ලබාගත හැකි චෙක්පතක් යටතේ  මහාභාරකාර අරමුදලින් රුපියල් ලක්ෂ 220ක් ලබාදී ඇති බව ‘යහපාලන’ ඇත්තෝ එදා පෙන්වා දුන්හ. නව පනත අනුව සිංගප්පූරුවේ ප්‍රතිකාර ගත් දේශපාලනඥයින්ට වැයවූ මුදල් ගැන නෝ කථාය. නරියෝ හූවෙන් හඳුනාගත හැකියි කියන්නේ මේවාටය. 

තොරතුරු දැනගැනීමේ පනත මේ ආකාරයට සම්මත වුවහොත් පත්තර වැඩක් නැත. ආණ්ඩුවේ ගැසට් එක බැලුවාම ඇතිය. එසේත් නොමැතිනම් යළි මුද්‍රණයෙන් නිකුත්වී ඇති මාරක කථා චක්‍රවර්තී ඩීමන් ආනන්දගේ ත්‍රාසජනක ‍පොත් බැලුවාද කම් නැත. පනතේ නම තොරතුරු දැන ගැනීමේ පනත වුවද එහි අරමුණ දැනටමත් දැනගැනිමට හැකි තොරතුරු අහිමි කිරීමය. ජනතාවට තොරතුරු දැනගැනීමට තිබූ අයිතියද මෙම පනත හරහා අහිමි කිරීමට උත්සාහ ගනිමින් සිටී. පුරවැසියන් දැනුවත්වීම සඳහා නිදහසේ තොරතුරු ඔවුනට ලබාගැනීමේ හිමිකම නව පනත මගින් අහිමි නොකල යුතුය. ජනතාවට අවශ්‍ය තොරතුරු මගින් දැනුම නොලැබෙන්නේනම් සංවාද සහ විසංවාද සිදුවන්නේ පැරණි ක්‍රමයටය. නව පනත් කෙටුම්පත ‘යහපාලන’ ආණ්ඩුව මගින් කන්දක් විළිලා කෙන්දක් වැදුවා වාගේ වැඩකි.

ඉකුත්දා පාර්ලිමේන්තුවට ඉදිරිපත් කල තොරතුරු දැනගැනීමේ අයිතිය පිළිබද පනත ගැන කිසිදු දැනුවත් කිරීමක් නැත. එදා සතිපතා වාගේ මාධ්‍ය නිදහස වෙනුවෙන් ප්‍රවෘත්ති නිවේදන නිකුත් කල නිදහස් මාධ්‍ය ව්‍යාපාරයද මාධ්‍ය නිදහසට එරෙහි ඉකුත් වසර තුළ තර්ජනයන් ගණනාවක් පිළිබඳව මුනිවත රකිමින් සිටින්නේ දීකිරට බළලුත් සාක්කි කීවා සේය. වර්තමානයේ නිදහස් මාධ්‍ය ව්‍යාපාරයෙන් නිකුත් වන ප්‍රවෘත්ති නිවේදනයක් පවා දක්නට ලැබෙන්නේ හාවා හඳ දකිනවා ගේය.  ‘යහපාලන’ ආණ්ඩුව 2015 ජනවාරි 8 බලයට පත්වූ නිදහස් මාධ්‍ය ව්‍යාපාරයේ කැඳවුම්කරු ජනාධිපති නියෝජ්‍ය අධ්‍යක්ෂක(මාධ්‍ය) තනතුරට යෑමෙන්ද මාධ්‍ය නිදහස සඳහාවු ක්‍රියාකාරි කමිටුවේ කැඳවුම්කරු ආණ්ඩුවේ ලේක්හවුස්හි ලොකු තනතුරකට පත්වීමද එයට හේතුවක් වන්නට ඇත. එදා මාධ්‍ය නිදහස වෙනුවෙන් පෙනී සිටි නිදහස් මාධ්‍ය ව්‍යාපාරයට අද ආණ්ඩු සරණං ගච්ඡාමිය.

වර්තමානයේ ආණ්ඩුවේ අකටයුතුකම් ගැන හෙළි කරන මාධ්‍යවේදීන් සම්බන්ධයෙන් ආණ්ඩුව අනුගමනය කරනුයේ ප්‍රජාතන්ත්‍ර විරෝධී ක්‍රමයකි. ඒ අනුව ඇතැම් මාධ්‍යවේදීන් ගෙම්බන්ය. තවකෙකු ඊරි යකෙකි. මෙම විවේචන සංවර්ධනාත්මක විවේචන බවට පත්කරගත යුතුය. ධම්මපදයේ සඳහන් පරිදි දියාළුවෝ තමන් කැමැති තැනට ජලය ගෙන යනු ඇත. හී වඩුවෝ තමන් කැමති පරිදි ලී දඬු නමනු ඇත. වඩුවෝ තමන්ට අවැසි පරිදි ලී නමනු ඇත. එය එසේ සිදුවුවහොත් ප්‍රජාතන්ත්‍රවාදයේ මූලික අංගයක් වන මාධ්‍ය නිදහස වල පල්ලටය. ඇතැම් මාධ්‍ය භාවිතා තුළද ඇත්තේ ජනතාවගේ ප්‍රමුඛ අවශ්‍යතාවයන් පිළිබඳව සැලකිලිමත් නොවන ඔවුන්ගේම න්‍යාය පත්‍රයක් යටතේ ක්‍රියාත්මකවන අධිපති මාධ්‍ය භාවිතයකි. මාධ්‍ය හැසිරිම එලෙසයැයි පවසමින් ඩෑෂ් ප්‍රහාර එල්ල කිරිමට ආණ්ඩුවට අයිතියක් නැත. නිදහස් මාධ්‍ය සංස්කෘතියක් ඇති කිරීමටනම් ඒ සඳහා අවශ්‍ය පරිසරය නිර්මාණ කිරීම ආණ්ඩුවේ ප්‍රමුඛ වගකීමකි.

මාධ්‍යවේදීන් දුසිම් දෙකක් පමණ ඉකුත් පාලන කාලයේදී දේශපාලන රැකවරණය පතා විදේශගත විය. වර්තමානයේ ‘යහපාලන’ ආණ්ඩුවක් පවතින බව ඔවුන්ම පිළිගන්නා හෙයින්ද මාධ්‍ය නිදහස දිනා ගැනීමේ සටන පවතින්නේ රට අභ්‍යන්තරය වන බැවින්ද සටන ඇරඹිය යුත්තේ ලංකාවේ පොලවේ පය ගසා බව වමේ හඬ කර්තෘ ධර්මසිරි ලංකාපේලි ඉකුත්දා අවධාරණයකර තිබිණි. ඔහු වැඩිදුරටත් පවසන පරිදි විදේශ ගතවූ මාධ්‍යවේදීන්ගේ ඇත්ත පැටිගිරිය දන්නේ ඔවුන්මය. මාධ්‍ය නිදහස සඳහා පියවර තැබීමට අවශ්‍යනම් ප්‍රථමයෙන් රාජ්‍ය මාධ්‍ය රාජ්‍ය මැදිහත්වීමෙන් නිදහස් කල යුතුය. අවශ්‍යනම් ඒ සඳහා 1994 ආර්.කේ. ඩබ්ලිව්. ගුණසේකර හා සිදත් ශ්‍රී නන්දලෝචන කමිටු මගින් ඉදිරිපත් කෙරුණු මාධ්‍ය ප්‍රතිසංස්කරණ යෝජනා වර්තමානයට ගැලපෙන පරිදි සංශෝධනය කරගත හැකිය.

ඩොලරය 150කි. පොලිස් හූරෝ වන්නියලැත්තන්ගේ උත්සව පොජ්ජට මන්දු කොරලා කැකුළන්ට බැටන් පොජ්ජෙං පත බාලාය. බෝම්බ බිය යළි හිස ඔසවමින් පවතී. පෙරටුගාමි සමාජවාදී පක්ෂයේ කුමාර් ගුණරත්නම්ට වසරක සිර දඬුවමක් සමඟ රුපියල් 50,000ක දඬ මුදලකි. යාපනයට කෝච්චියේ යන්නට ආරාධිත මාධ්‍යවේදීන්ට ආසන වෙන්කරවා ගැනීමට නොහැකිව ජනමාධ්‍ය ඇමතිවරයා සහ නියෝජ්‍ය ඇමතිවරයා අසීරුතාවයට පත්කල ජනමාධ්‍ය අමාත්‍යාංශයට දිව බොජුන් තිබියදී නිවුඩු සහලේ බත් කන්නට අවැසි නැත. පෝර්ට් සිටියට වන්දිද ගෙවා දැන් ගජරාමෙට වැඩය. රුසියාවට වඩා ඊරිසියාව ලොකුය.

ශබ්දකෝෂයටද දැන් අලුත් අර්ථකථන ලැබෙන අපූරු යුගයකි. මාධ්‍ය නිදහස කප්පාදු කරන ‍තොරතුරු පනතට කියන්නේ ජයග්‍රහණයක් කියාය. නිවටකමට කියන්නේ වීරකම කියාය. පාවාදීමද ආඩම්බරයකි. මංතීරු කඩාදමා රජයේ දේපල විනාශකිරීම හපන්කමකි. සියළු වැඩ එසේ ජොන් බාස්ලාට ගියාමෙන් තොරතුරු දැන ගැනීමේ පනත් කෙටුම්පතද මෙසේ අයාලේ යාම එක් අතකින් පුදුම විය යුතු නොවේ. එපා වාහෙට හොඳි බෙදන්නා සේ මේවා කරන්නේ තම බලය රැකගැනීමට එක මල්ලේ ලුණු කන අය එකට සෙට්වෙලාය. මාධ්‍ය නිදහස වෙනුවෙන් පෙනී සිටි සැමට කිවයුත්තේ නුඹ නාඩං, නුඹ නාඩං, නුඹට ඕවා හොඳ පාඩම් කියාය.

ධර්මන් වික්‍රමරත්න

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Swarna Hansa Dahasak Wew

April 1st, 2016

Swarna Hansa

Reconstruction work of Dematagaha wewa in Nochiya, Galgamuwa began ceremonially under Swarna Hansa Wew programme last week. Picture shows Anton Perera, Governing council member of Swarna Hansa Foundation making an advance cheque payment for its dozer work.

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බහු සංස්කෘතික බහුබූතය 1

April 1st, 2016

නලින් ද සිල්වා

අද ලෝකයේ හැම රටක ම පාහේ විවිධ සංස්කෘතිවල ජනතාව වෙසෙති. ඒ අර්ථයෙන් ගතහොත් බොහෝ විට ඕනෑම රටක  බහුසංස්කෘතික රටක් ලෙස හැඳින්විය හැකි ය. එහෙත් මේ ඕනෑම රටක මෙන් විශේෂිත හෝ අධිපති හෝ සංස්කෘතියක් ඇත. සංස්කෘති සමාන නැත. පිටරටවල වාසය කරන සිංහලයෝ ඒ බව හොඳින් දනිති. එංගලන්තය, ඕස්ටේ‍ර්ලියාව වැනි බටහිර රටක සිංහල බෞද්ධයන් වාසය කරන නමුත් එවැනි රටක සිංහල බෞද්ධ සංස්කෘතියට හිමි තැන කුමක් ද? එංගලන්තයේ ලංඩන් නුවර පංසල් රාශියක් වෙයි. බර්මින්හම් වැනි නගරවල ද පන්සල් වෙයි. මේ ඇතැම් පංසල් සිංහල බෞද්ධයන්ගේ පංසල් ය. එයින් මා අදහස් කරන්නේ බොහෝවිට සිංහල භික්‍ෂූන් වහන්සේ වැඩවසන, ගිහි සිංහල බෞද්ධයන් ආගමික වතාවත් සඳහා යන පංසල් ය. ලංඩන් බෞද්ධ විහාරය මෙයින් ප්‍රසිද්ධ ම පංසල යැයි සිතමි. 
 
පංසල් තිබුණ ද සිංහලයන් සිටිය ද ළඟ එන සිංහල අවුරුද්ද පැවැත්වීමට ඔවුන්ට හැකියාවක් තිබේ ද? මෙල්බන් නුවර සිංහල සාපේක්‍ෂ ජනඝනත්වය අධික වෙයි. එහි ඇතැම් වීදිවල සිංහල කතාකරනු ඇසෙයි. එහෙත් එහි හෝ වෙනත් නගරයක හෝ  අදාළ පරිදි අප්‍රේල් 13 වැනි දා හෝ 14 වැනි දා හෝ සිංහල අවුරුදු උත්සවය පැවැත්වීමට හැකි ද? බටහිර රටවල බොහෝවිට සිංහල අවුරුදු උත්සව පැවැත්වෙනු ඇත්තේ අප්‍රේල් 16 වැනි සෙනසුරාදා හෝ 17 වැනි ඉරිදා හෝ ය. අවුරුදු චාරිත්‍ර නැකැත් උත්සවයක් ලෙස නැකතට කිරීමට ඒ රටවල වාසය කරන සිංහලයන්ට නො හැකි ය. අවුරුද්ද මූලික වශයෙන් ම හිරු පිදූ යක්‍ෂ ජනතාවගේ නැකැත් උත්සවයකි. යක්‍ෂ ජනතාවගේ නැකැත් කෙළි මෙරට එමට තිබී ඇත. පොසොන් පොහෝදා ද නැකැත් කෙළි පැවැත්වූ බව මිහිඳු මහා රහතන් වහන්සේට දේවානම්පිය තිස්ස රජු හමුවීම ගැන ඇති කතාවෙන් පැහැදිලි වෙයි. නැකැත් උත්සවයක් නැකතට පැවැත්වීමට බටහිර රටවල්වල සිංහලයන්ට අදාළ පරිදි අප්‍රේල් 13 වැනි දා හෝ 14 වැනි දා හෝ නිවාඩු නො ලැබෙයි. වෙසක් උත්සවය සම්බන්ධයෙන් ද තත්ත්වය එසේ ය. බටහිර රටවල වෙසෙන බෞද්ධයනට වෙසක් ලබන්නේ වෙසක් පොහෝ දා පසුවී සෙනසුරාදාවක හෝ ඉරිදාවක ය. 
 
පැහැදිලිව ම බටහිර රටවල සිංහල බෞද්ධ සංස්කෘතියට තැනක් නැත. රාජ්‍ය මට්ටමින් එයට අනුග්‍රහයක් නො ලැබෙයි. මේ රටවල අධිපතිවාදී ව ඇත්තේ යුදෙවු ක්‍රිස්තියානි සංස්කෘතියෙහි යම් ප්‍රභේදයකි. සිංහල බෞද්ධයෝ තම තමන්ට හැකි පමණින් පංසලක හෝ නගර ශාලාවක්, ප්‍රජා ශාලාවක් වැනි තැනක හෝ තම සංස්කෘතික උත්සව පවත්වති. ඒ බටහිර යුදෙවු ක්‍රිස්තියානි සංස්කෘතියෙහි රටවල ය. එහි විශේෂිත සංස්කෘතියක් නොව අධිපතිවාදී යුදෙවු ක්‍රිස්තියානි සංස්කෘතියක් වෙයි. අරාබිකරයේ මුස්ලිම් රටවල තත්ත්වය එයටත් වඩා අයහපත් ය. සිංහල බෞද්ධ සංස්කෘතියට එහි ඇති තැන කුමක් ද? ඒ රටවල ඇත්තේ අධිපතිවාදී මුස්ලිම් සංස්කෘතියකි. 
 
එහෙත් ලංකාවේ තත්ත්වය කුමක් ද? වැදි ජනතාවගේ සංස්කෘතික උත්සව හැරෙන්නට අනෙක් සංස්කෘතිවල උත්සව සඳහා රාජ්‍ය අනුග්‍රහය ලැබෙයි. අදාළ බොහෝ දිනවල රජයේ නිවාඩු ය. මහමත්තුමාගේ (නබි නායක) උපන් දිනය සැමරීම සඳහා මුස්ලිම් ජනයාට සෙනසුරාදාවක් හෝ ඉරිදාවක් හෝ වනතුරු බලා සිටීමට නො  සිදු වෙයි. යක්‍ෂ ජනතාවගේ සංස්කෘතිය විසින් අනෙක් සංස්කෘතීන් පිටමං නො කෙරෙයි. ඒ හෙළ බෞද්ධ සංස්කෘතික ලක්‍ෂණයකි. දෙමළ කතාකළ මුස්ලිමුන් අවුරුදු අටසියයකට පමණ පෙර අද දකුණු ඉන්දියාව නමින්  හැඳින්වෙන ප්‍රදේශයෙන් ලංකාවට පැමිණි විට සිංහලයෝ ඔවුන්ට බෞද්ධ වීමට යැයි බල නො කළහ. මෙරට මුස්ලිම් පල්ලි තැනීමට අවසර ලැබිණි. මුස්ලිමුන් මෙරටට පැමිණ ඇත්තේ අවුරුදු අටසියයකට මෙපිටින් බව මෙරට ඇති මුස්ලිම් පල්ලි පුරාණයෙන් හෙළි වෙයි. ඔවුන් ලංකාවට පැමිණියේ ඇයි ද යන්න ඉතිහාසඥයන් සොයා නොබලන්නේ ඔවුන් අරාබි කරයෙන් පැමිණි බවට මිථ්‍යාවක් ගොඩනගා ඇති බැවින් යැයි සිතමි. බොහෝ විට ඔවුන්ට දකුණු ඉන්දියාව නමින් අද හැඳින්වෙන ප්‍රදේශයෙහි වාසය කිරීමට බැරි තත්ත්වයක් උදා වූ බැවින් ඔවුන් මෙහි පැමිණියා විය හැකි ය. (මතු සම්බන්ධයි)
 
මේ ලිපිය මුහුණු පොතෙන් ද කියවිය හැකි ය
 
https://www.facebook.com/Nalin-de-Silva-188511888194878/
 
 
නලින් ද සිල්වා
 
2016 අප්‍රේල් 01 

Letter from the Sri Lankan Solidarity Movement to Prince Al Hussein of the OHCHR Regarding Interfering in Sri Lanka’s Internal Affairs

April 1st, 2016

Sri Lankan Solidarity Movement

31st March, 2016

Prince Said Raad Zeid Al-Hussein,

United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights,

Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR),

Palais Wilson,

52, rue des Pâquis,

CH-1201, Geneva,

Switzerland.

Dear Sir,

We Totally Reject The OHCHR Report And The US Sponsored Resolution Against Sri Lanka Based Upon That Report, Urge Total Non-Interference In Sri Lanka’s Internal Affairs And Urge You To Educate Yourself About The Many Atrocities Committed By The LTTE Over The 26 Year War

The United States (US) has sponsored a resolution against Sri Lanka at the United National Human Rights Council (UNHRC) sessions. This US sponsored resolution has given rise to interfering in Sri Lanka’s internal affairs which is against the United Nations Charter. Provided below are details of the concerns of the people of Sri Lanka with regard to the US sponsored resolution against Sri Lanka.

  1. The People of Sri Lanka totally reject the contents of the report of the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) as presented by the UNHRC High Commissioner at the last UNHRC session, in which sentence after sentence (or in its entirety) is supposition, innudendo and downright lies.
  1. The people of Sri Lanka demand from the OHCHR why the massive number of war crimes committed by the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) terrorists, at the behest of their leader Prabhakaran, are neither acknowledged nor any sympathy shown towards these victims of the LTTE and Prabhakaran.
  1. Over 26 years of war, these have included hundreds of massacres of primarily Sinhala and to a lesser extent Muslim civilians in what were known as ‘threatened villages’, at places of worship and in their agricultural fields in the Eastern, the North Central and parts of the North Western Provinces (massacring civilians intentionally, is a war crime). Over 360,000 Sinhala villagers and over 560,000 Muslim villagers were living in fear of their lives for over 26 years in the Eastern Province alone, due to the threat of being massacred by the LTTE. Over 1.2 million Sinhala villagers in the North Central Province also lived in fear of their lives due to threats by the LTTE. In certain village massacres carried out by the LTTE, the villagers were hacked to death using axes. From time to time, once a massacre by the LTTE occurred in a Sinhala or a Muslim village, the entire local area evacuated to what were known as temporary Internally Displaced Persons (IDP) camps. This was the fate of primarily the Sinhala and to a lesser extent, Muslim villagers of the Eastern and the North Central Provinces. Bombs, improvised explosive devices, claymore mines were used to create explosions at the roadsides against civilians, especially against civilian modes of transport such as buses and vans on many occasions by the LTTE, to massacre primarily Sinhala and to a lesser extent Muslim villagers in these provinces.

The Sri Lankan Government at the time created what is known as the Civil Defense Force to guard each threatened village. The Civil Defense Force consisted of a villager from each threatened village, trained to guard the village and provided with a shotgun to guard the village from an LTTE attack. This was how vulnerable these villages were to LTTE attacks.

In the Anuradhapura Massacre, on 14th May, 1985, LTTE gunmen shot dead 146 Sinhala civilians and injured 85 others at the Sri Maha Bodhiya, a sacred Buddhist Shrine in the North Central Province. The Kattankudy Mosque Massacre was the killing of over 147 Muslims at a mosque by the LTTE on 3rd August, 1990. The Aluth Oya Massacre (also known as the Habarana Massacre) was the massacre of 127 Sinhala civilians by the LTTE on the 17thApril, 1987, near the village of Aluth Oya on the Habarana Trincomalee Road in the North Central Province. On the 18th of September, 1999 in Ampara, the Gonagala Massacre took place. LTTE cadres entered Gonagala village and hacked to death 50 Sinhala civilians while they were sleeping. On 10thApril, 1992 in Ampara Town, an LTTE bomb exploded in a bus killing 25 Sinhala civilians and injuring 33. One policeman was also killed and two army personnel were wounded. On 25th May, 1986, the Mahadivulwewa Village Massacre took place. The LTTE killed 20 Sinhala villagers by shooting them dead and set alight 20 houses. On 25th March, 1987, the Serunuwara Massacre took place. LTTE cadres stormed the Serunuwara village, herded the Sinhala villagers at gunpoint onto a road. 25 villagers were then were shot dead, execution style. On 9th October, 1988 at Mahakongaskada Medawachchiya, LTTE cadres shot dead 44 Sinhala villagers and set fire to 11 houses. On 14th November 1998, at Paniketiyawa, Gomarankadawela, Trincomalee, LTTE cadres shot dead 28 Sinhala civilians, including two security forces personnel.

On the 25th May,1995, in what is known as the Kallarawa Massacre, LTTE cadres attacked the fishing village of Kallarawa and hacked and shot dead 42 Sinhala civilians. On 23rdJanuary, 1991, at Bogamuyaya, Maha Oya, Ampara, LTTE cadres hacked to death 25 Sinhala villagers and injured nine others. Four subsequently succumbed to their injuries. In the Palliyagodalla Massacre on the 15th of October, 1991, at Palliyagodalla, the LTTE cadres shot and hacked to death 182 civilians (171 of whom were Muslims), 12 policemen and 8 soldiers. 83 others were injured. On 26th July, 1990, at Thammannaelawake, Medawachchiya, LTTE cadres hacked and shot to death 19 Sinhala persons and set fire to 30 houses. On 6th August, 1990, at Ampara, LTTE cadres killed 33 Muslim farmers working in their rice fields. On 7th August, 1990, at Bandaraduwa, Uhana, Ampara, LTTE cadres killed 30 Sinhala villagers and injured 4. On 27th June, 1991 at Lahugala, Ampara, LTTE cadres exploded two claymore mines and opened fire at at the passengers of a bus killing 16 Sinhala civilians and wounding 8.

In the Wilpattu Village Massacre, on 5th May, 1985, Wilpattu, a Sinhala village in the Anuradhapura district was the target of a raid of an armed group of LTTE cadres, who killed 18 villagers that included women and children. On 19th February, 1986, when villagers from Serunuwara, Dehiwatta were being escorted by army personnel along the Ella/Kantale road, the LTTE exploded a mine killing 35 Sinhala civilians and four army personnel. In the Mollipothana Village Massacre, on 9th July, 1996, Mollipothana village was stormed at night by a group of armed LTTE cadres who killed 16 Sinhala civilians, most of them women and children. At Mamaduwa, Vavuniya, on 22nd July, 1986, LTTE cadres exploded a landmine under a civilian bus, killing 32 Sinhala civilians and injuring 20 others. On 20th April, 1991, at Niyadella, Okkampitiya, Moneragala, LTTE cadres attacked the village and hacked and shot to death 21 Sinhala civilians, inclusive of women and children.

These are a few examples of the hundreds of massacres of primarily Sinhala and to a lesser extent, Muslim civilians that took place in threatened villages and at the roadsides.

  1. Large scale bomb attacks were carried out by the LTTE in the Western Province, particularly in the capital Colombo, and in other main cities at shops, oil storage facilities, airports, buses, trains, hotels and at temples (bombing civilian targets intentionally and massacring civilians is a war crime). Provided below are a few of the many hundreds of bomb attacks carried out by the LTTE against civilians.

In the Central Bank Bombing of 31st January, 1996 in Colombo, a truck cantaining 440 pounds of high explosives crashed through the main gate of the Central Bank of Sri Lanka. The blast killed at least 91 people and injured 1,400 others. At least 100 people lost their eyesight. In the Katunayake International Airport attack, the only international airport in the country was attacked on 24th July, 2001 by the LTTE and at least 7 Sri Lankan Forces members died restoring the airport back to normal. Over half of Sri Lankan Airlines fleet, of 6 airbuses, 3 totally and 3 partially, was destroyed due to the attack. On 3rd May, 1986, an Air Lanka plane was bombed by the LTTE and around 21 foreign tourists died due to that bomb attack, while 41 were injured. On the 20th of October, 1996 at Kolonnawa, Colombo, the LTTE attacked the oil storage complexes at Kollonnawa and Orugodawatta. Suicide bombers blew up the tanks destroying the tanks. 22 security personnel were killed while diesal, aviation fuel and crude oil worth over US $ 10 million was destroyed. The oil tanks burned for many days.

The Central Bus Station Bombing was the car bombing of the central bus terminal of Colombo carried out on the 21st of April, 1997 in Colombo killing 113 civilians. On the 28th of November, 2007, an LTTE parcel bomb blew up a Department Store in Colombo killing 20 civilians. In the Moratuwa Bus Bombing of 6th June, 2008, a roadside bomb exploded targeting a passenger bus killing 23 civilians and wounding 80 more. On 16th January, 2008 at Buttala, a roadside bomb targeting a passenger bus exploded killing 27 civilians and woundng 67 more. On the 24th July, 1995, in the Dehiwela Train Bombing, the LTTE exploded 4 bombs in a train at Dehiwela killing 60-70 civilians. On the15th of October, 1997 in the Colombo World Trade Centre Bombing, an LTTE bomb exploded at the Colombo World Trade Centre, killing 13 and injuring hundreds.

  1. In the early 1980’s, the ethnic cleansing (which is a war crime) of the entire Sinhala people of the North took place at the behest of the LTTE leader Prabhakaran. In the 1990’s, the ethnic cleansing of the entire Muslim people of the North took place at the behest of Prabhakaran. Over 65,000 Sinhala people and over 75,000 Muslim people were ethnically cleansed. Until 2009, these desperate and unfortunate people were living in small tin roofed huts in the Puttalam District and in other parts of the country for over 26 years. We demand that the over 65,000 Sinhala people and their descendents ethnically cleansed from the North be resettled immediately in the North. Similarly, the over 75,000 Muslims and their descendents ethnically cleansed from the North should also be resettled immediately in the North. According to the most recent census carried out in 2012, over 32,000 Sinhala people and over 32,000 Muslim people have been resettled in the North. Therefore, the majority of the Sinhala and Muslim people displaced from the North are yet to be resettled. If their original lands and houses have been granted by the LTTE to family members of LTTE cadres, then these Sinhala and Muslim people displaced from the North should be provided with alternative lands, adequate alternative housing facilities and resettled immediately.
  1. During the conflict, almost all Sri Lankan Forces members, Police Force members and Civil Defense Force members who were captured by the LTTE, were executed on the spot by the LTTE. Executing prisoners of war (POWs) is a war crime. However, the LTTE leader Prabhakaran had a ‘take no prisoners’ policy. Therefore, thousands of Sri Lankan Forces, Police Force and Civil Defense Force members who were captured by the LTTE, were executed on the spot by the LTTE, in this way. Over 5,000 complaints have been received regarding Sri Lankan Forces, Police Force and Civil Defense Force members being to this day, ‘missing in action’, due to the LTTE executing them on the spot in this way, by a Sri Lankan Government appointed commission of inquiry. The over 5,000 complaints have been made by the relatives of these ‘missing in action’ Sri Lankan Forces, Police Force and Civil Defense Force members. Provided below are some examples of occasions where the LTTE executed POWs. There are hundreds of other examples of occasions where the LTTE executed POWs.

On 18th July, 1996, the Mullaitivu Sri Lankan Army Camp was captured by the LTTE. During this battle, the Sri Lankan Military lost 1,242 troops. Sri Lankan Military alleged that 207 Sri Lankan Forces members who surrendered to the LTTE and who were POWs were executed on the spot by the LTTE. Hundreds of Sri Lankan Forces members, who were unconscious, appeared to have been herded together, doused in kerosene and burnt alive by the LTTE. The Sri Lankan Military complained about this barbaric execution of POWs by the LTTE at that time. On 22nd April 2000, during the capture of the Elephant Pass Sri Lankan Army Camp by the LTTE and in its aftermath, 758 Sri Lankan Forces members were killed and 2,368 were injured. 349 Sri Lankan Forces members were ‘missing in action’ which means they were executed by the LTTE when they should have been taken as POW. During the capture of the Elephant Pass Army Camp, its water supply, which was a well, was blocked by the LTTE. As a result, Sri Lankan Forces members dehydrated to death. Such barbaric acts by the LTTE should be condemned unreservedly.

On November 10th 1993, at Pooneryn, 241 Sri Lankan Military personnel were killed inclusive of 8 officers, in an LTTE attack on the Pooneryn defenses. The LTTE also executed 200 soldiers of the Sri Lankan Military who surrendered during the attack on the Pooneryn Sri Lankan Army Camp when they should have been detained as POWs.

  1. Contrary to the LTTE leader’s ‘take no prisoners’ policy (executing POWs is a war crime), the Sri Lankan Forces always followed, as a matter of policy, detainment and rehabilitation of any LTTE cadres who were captured or who surrendered (following international norms). However, there may be occasions where LTTE cadres did perish when hostilities took place between the Sri Lankan Forces and the LTTE and who could be construed today very wrongly as ‘missing’ by LTTE supporters but in reality these LTTE cadres have died during hostilities (just as thousands upon thousands of Sri Lankan Forces members died!).

Further, there are a large number of former LTTE cadres domiciled in countries such as the UK, Canada, US, EU countries, Norway, Sweden, Australia etc. There are many scams taking place where these former LTTE cadres who are supposed to be ‘missing’ are actually living in countries such as the UK, Canada, US, EU countries, Norway, Sweden, Australia etc. where they have claimed political asylum under new identities.

  1. The UNICEF itself acknowledged in one of their reports in 2007 that the LTTE at the behest of its leader Prabhakaran, has perhaps recruited over 20,000 child soldiers (those under 18 years of age). The recruitment of child soldiers is a war crime. When Tamil head teachers and teachers complained to the LTTE about the LTTE recruiting students from their schools, head teachers and teachers were shot dead from time to time for complaining by the LTTE which add up to a notable number, over the 26 years of war. Over 11,000 complaints have been received, predominantly against the LTTE (and other Tamil armed groups), of forced recruitment of young persons by the LTTE (and other Tamil armed groups) into their ranks, by a Sri Lankan Government appointed commission of inquiry.
  1. The LTTE, at the behest of Prabhakaran, has killed hundreds of Sri Lankan politicians, civil servants, senior military and police officers, prelates, activists, academics, journalists and other professionals not to the LTTE leader Prabhakaran’s liking. Prabhakaran commenced his career by gunning down the Mayor of Jaffna, Alfred Durayappah on 27th July, 1975. Since then, he has executed hundreds of Sri Lankan politicians who he found irritating. Most prominent among them was a former Foreign Minister of Sri Lanka, Lakshman Kadirgamar, assassinated by the LTTE on 12th August, 2005. A former President of Sri Lanka, Ranasinghe Premadasa was blown up in a suicide bomb attack on 1st May, 1993. A former Presidential Candidate and a Minister, Gamini Dissanayake, was blasted to pieces in a massive bomb blast at an election rally in Colombo on 24th October, 1994 where over 50 people died, with 75 being seriously injured. Prabhakaran even blasted to pieces the Prime Minister of India Rajiv Gandhi along with 13 civilians using a suicide bomber on 21st May, 1991. On 7th May 1990, a Tamil member of the Sri Lankan parliament, Sam Thambimuttu and his wife were blasted to pieces in their car, by use of a car bomb in Colombo. On 29th July, 1999, a prominent Tamil lawyer, Neelan Thiruchelvam was blasted to pieces in his car by use of a suicide bomber in Colombo. In 2005, a Tamil journalist not to Prabhakaran’s liking, along with her husband, was assassinated at their home in Colombo by the LTTE pistol gang. Over 120 noteworthy Sri Lankan politicians, civil servants, senior military and police officers, prelates, activists, academics, journalists and other professionals were assassinated by the LTTE. They were only but a few of the hundreds of assassinations carried out by the LTTE.
  1. Although the OHCHR report tries to hide facts, the reality is that the majority of those who perished in the war of over 26 years have been on the Sri Lankan Government’s side. Over 31,000 Sri Lankan Forces members, Police Force members and Civil Defense Force members have perished at the hands of the LTTE over the 26 years. This number along with over 1,200 Indian Peacekeeping Force members, over 2,000 members of various Tamil armed groups who were against the LTTE and on the Sri Lankan Government’s side, over 6,000 primarily Sinhala and to a lesser extent Muslim civilians and along with those Tamil civilians who perished at the hands of the LTTE, over 43,000 in total have died at the hands of the LTTE and its leader Prabhakaran. Around 31,000 LTTE terrorists perished too. Therefore a total of around 76,000 have perished on both sides of the war of over 26 years. Therefore it is very clear that the majority of those who perished in the war were on the Government of Sri Lanka’s side, which is around 43,000, and who perished at the hands of the LTTE.

The LTTE cracked down hard on Tamil dissenters, other Tamil armed groups, those who were deemed as ‘Government Informers’ or those who were seen as ‘collaborating with the Government’ and others who opposed the LTTE’s grip on the community.

  1. Over 10,000 Sri Lankan Forces members today are deemed disabled due to the conflict, according to records of the Sri Lankan Ministry of Defense. Over 6,000 Sri Lankan Forces members are permanently disabled and receiving assistance, according to records of the Sri Lankan Ministry of Defense. Over 23,000 Sri Lankan Forces members were both permanently and temporarily disabled during 26 years of war and received assistance, according to records of the Sri Lankan Ministry of Defense. Over 136,000 Sri Lankan Forces members have been wounded over the 26 year period due to hostilities with the LTTE.
  1. Sri Lanka, for over 2600 years, has been a unitary state. When observing the history of the island of over 2600 years, it is very clear that a Sinhala civilization existed since 600BC on the island. Sinhala Prakrit writing, which is over 600BC years old, was the earliest writing found on the island. The Sinhala Buddhist civilization of Rajarata (600BC-1400 AD) was located in the dry zone of the country encompassing today’s North Central, North Western, Eastern and Northern Provinces. This Sinhala Buddhist Kingdom was based on building thousands of irrigation reservoirs in the dry zone of the country. An irrigation reservoir map in The National Atlas of Sri Lanka, Second Edition, 2007, published by The Survey Department of Sri Lanka, depicts the thousands of irrigation reservoirs built by this Sinhala Buddhist civilization and there are hundreds of ancient irrigation reservoirs located in the North and the East of the country too, built by Sinhala kings. Many Buddhist archaeological sites are located all over the dry zone, inclusive of the over 273 important Buddhist archaeological sites present in the North and in the East, and in particular the over 21 Buddhist archaeological sites in Jaffna in the North. We urge that the over 273 important Buddhist archaeological sites present in the North and in the East, and in particular the over 21 Buddhist archaeological sites in Jaffna, be preserved and to ensure their security. The preservation and the security of hundreds of minor Buddhist archaeological sites in the North too should be ensured.
  1. Subsequently, the Kandyan Kingdom located in the Central highlands (1400AD until the British colonial times of 1815) existed, encompassing most of the island inclusive of today’s Eastern and Northern Provinces. Today’s provinces were created by British colonialists only recently during British colonial times for their administrative purposes, without any input whatsoever from the Sinhala people and do not tally with the actual history of the island which was a unitary state or one country. The British found the Sinhala unruly and rebellious and took every possible action to suppress them.
  1. Over the years, other peoples have migrated to the island and today, Sri Lanka is a multi ethnic country. Today, Sri Lanka comprises over 74.9% Sinhala, 11.2 % Sri Lankan Tamil, 9.3% Muslim, 4.1% Indian Tamil and 0.5% Malay, Burgher and others. Since Sri Lanka is a multi ethnic country, taking into account the fact that most provinces themselves are mixed, it defies belief how the OHCHR can suggest that somehow certain parts of Sri Lanka should belong to certain ethnic groups. This does not tally with the very long history and archaeology of the island, as stated above, where we find that the island has had a very long Sinhala Buddhist civilization of over 2600 years which encompassed the dry zone of the country, which includes the North and the East. All provinces of Sri Lanka today are mixed in terms of ethnic groups. Therefore the island is one country and is the homeland of its entire people in total. Therefore no part of this island can belong exclusively to any exclusive group of people. If someone claims such, it is definitely a human rights violation of all the other islanders and does not tally at all with the history and archaeology of the island which for over 2600 years has been Sinhala Buddhist, as described above.
  1. For the purpose of administrative ease, powers have been delegated today to the provinces as provincial councils, which have now been functioning for almost 30 years and should continue to function as at present without any change whatsoever. No external power or the OHCHR has the right to suggest any alternative political arrangement for Sri Lanka than there is at present. Sri Lanka’s internal affairs are its own business and not the business of anyone else.
  1. Although the Sri Lankan Government accepted the US sponsored resolution against Sri Lanka, the people of Sri Lanka totally reject the US sponsored resolution in its entirety that was forced upon Sri Lanka at the UNHRC.
  1. The people of Sri Lanka say an absolute no to setting up of an office of the OHCHR in Sri Lanka to implement the US sponsored resolution, which the people of Sri Lanka reject in total.
  1. Absolute no to hybrid courts, foreign judges, foreign defense lawyers, foreign prosecutors, foreign investigators or any foreign technical assistance (whose salaries will be paid by the OHCHR which in turn is financed by US which means that the outcome would be what the US would want it to be).
  1. Absolute no to any domestic court either (whose salaries will be paid by the OHCHR which in turn is financed by the US which means that the outcome would be what the US would want it to be). Sri Lanka only wants a commission of inquiry into any outstanding issues (not a judicial process), if at all necessary. Sri Lanka has already held many commissions of inquiry into all outstanding issues, commencing with the Lessons Learnt and Reconciliation Commission.
  1. Absolute no to any new Acts of Parliament which, if approved, will enable courts of law in Sri Lanka to accept evidence provided by anonymous witnesses whose identities will only be revealed after twenty years (these so called ‘witnesses’ are in fact LTTE terrorists or their supporters and their ‘evidence’ are all bogus lies). At present, a witness has to appear in person in a court of law so that the defendant’s lawyer can cross examine any witness to figure out if the witness is lying. Not being able to do so is a grave injustice, not justice.

Further, there are a large number of LTTE supporters as well as former LTTE terrorists domiciled in countries such as the UK, Canada, US, EU countries, Norway, Sweden, Australia etc. It is they who have taken the lead in creating false allegations and encouraging certain persons in the North to create false allegations which have been incorporated into the OHCHR report. These ‘witnesses’ are all anonymous and their identities will only be revealed in twenty years time. This is a grave injustice, since it is based on these false allegations that the OHCHR report has been written. However Sri Lankan laws require any accuser to prove in a court of law, in person, their allegations. Therefore, if any person has concrete proof of any wrongdoing, why have they not lodged any cases in courts of law in Sri Lanka so far? This proves that allegations in the OHCHR report are all false.

  1. Absolute no to any new Acts of Parliament containing new sets of laws which were not around when the war was conducted. However if approved, the Armed Forces of Sri Lanka will be judged under these new sets of laws which were not around when the war was conducted. This is totally unethical. It is also a grave injustice, not justice.
  1. No to the abolition of the Prevention of Terrorism Act. Abolition of this Act means all those who are in prison or in detention due to carrying out grave acts of terrorism (there are only some 200 plus persons in prison due to this Act at present) will automatically be released. If it has any shortcomings, it can be amended. There is no need to abolish it. However, this does not mean that even these 200 plus former LTTErs who have committed grave acts of terrorism such as bombing civilian targets should not be placed on a suitable rehabilitation programme and if those who run such a programme are satisfied with the rehabilitation, be considered for release at such a time. However, under no circumstances should the Prevention of Terrorism Act be abolished.

Further, there are a large number of LTTE supporters as well as former LTTE terrorists domiciled in countries such as the UK, Canada, US, EU countries, Norway, Sweden, Australia etc. For over thirty years, subsequent Sri Lankan Governments requested these countries to take action to terminate fund raising on a large scale, amounting to millions of dollars each year, which was carried out by these LTTE supporters in these countries. It is using these funds that the LTTE purchased sophisticated weapons inclusive of all conventional weapons necessary to wage a conventional war, equivalent to or even better than what the Sri Lankan Forces had, which perpetuated the war for this long. Sophisticated bomb making material, claymore mines, improvised explosive devises etc. were purchased with which civilians were blasted to pieces. If the UK, Canada, US, EU countries, Norway, Sweden, Australia etc. did not allow this fund raising to take place in their respective countries, the war in Sri Lanka would have ceased a long time ago, with many lives being saved as a result.

In addition to purchasing the most advanced and sophisticated weapons, the LTTE possessed a telecommunication system encompassing the latest technology and a transportation system equivalent to or even better than what the Sri Lankan Forces possessed, purchased using the above mentioned funds raised in the UK, Canada, US, EU countries, Norway, Sweden, Australia etc. Criminal activities of the LTTE included extortion of money from those who entered, exited or were domiciled in their former areas of control, extortion of money from those who lived in foreign countries, robbing banks, robbing railway stations, robbing cooperatives, weapons smuggling, people smuggling, arms smuggling, money laundering, passport forgery, blowing up railway lines, bridges, buses, trains, vans, cars, fishing boats, ferries, planes, private ships, post offices, railway stations, bus stations, fuel facilities, the national electricity transmission system and the national communication transmission system, sea piracy, assassinations using the LTTE pistol gang etc.

  1. Under no circumstances should the Public Security Ordinance be amended. If this Ordinance is amended, the President of Sri Lanka will have no powers to take over the running of a Provincial Council, if the Provincial Council acts out of line and demanded separate states and the like.
  1. No to reducing of any High Security Zones (HSZs). The HSZs exist due to security reasons. It is up to the Sri Lankan Army, Navy or Air Force to decide if HSZs should be reduced or not. There are HSZs in the other eight provinces not just in the Northern Province and yet no one in these provinces is demanding that HSZs be removed from their provinces except for a few persons in the North. Those persons whose lands have been taken over due to HSZs can be provided with alternative lands. Sri Lankan law states that any land can be taken over by the state for national purposes as long as the affected persons are provided adequate compensation or alternative lands.
  1. No to removal of any Sri Lankan Army, Navy or Air Force Camps from the North or anywhere else. It is totally up to the Sri Lankan Army, Navy or the Air Force to decide where their camps should be located and in what numbers according to the security situation. The other eight provinces are not demanding that Sri Lankan Army, Navy or Air Force Camps within their provinces be removed. So why should there be any special considerations for the North?
  1. No to converting the Palali Air Force Base in the North into a civilian airport, Palali is one of the most important Air Force Bases belonging to the Sri Lankan Air Force. It should not be converted into a civilian airport as India wants. There are sufficient domestic airports to serve local people’s needs. India need not involve itself in any internal affair of Sri Lanka which is Sri Lanka’s business only.
  1. Immediately release all of the Sri Lankan Army, Navy and Sri Lankan Army Intelligence personnel detained in prison without any evidence whatsoever to justify such a detention in any of the individual detention cases that have taken place so far. Are these personnel detained for no reason whatsoever to please the US, EU countries, UK, Norway, India and the OHCHR?
  1. Immediately reinstate the Sri Lankan Navy’s Naval Cordon around the Northern and the Eastern Seas of Sri Lanka in order to immediately stop the substantial amounts of illegal fishing conducted using illegal fishing methods such as bottom trawling by Indian fishermen thus devastating the Sri Lankan marine eco system. If illegal fishing on such a large scale by Indian fishermen continues, the Sri Lankan marine eco system which includes the endangered dugong, stingrays, dolphins, whales, large coral reef systems, mangroves etc will be totally devastated. Illegal fishing by Indian fishermen deprives local fishermen of their incomes and livelihoods. Another reason to reinstate the Naval Cordon is due to arrival of illegal immigrants, contra brand, illegal drugs etc.

Sri Lanka today is recovering from over 26 years of war, forced upon it by the LTTE and its leader Prabhakaran. After two generations, the present generation at long last, is in a fortunate position to move forward in peace, to create a more developed country and to live a peaceful life. We urge the OHCHR and the UNHRC not to deprive Sri Lanka of this historic opportunity to move forward towards a peaceful future. We also urge the OHCHR and the UNHRC not to interfere in Sri Lanka’s internal affairs. Interfering in a country’s internal affairs is against the UN Charter. Considering Sri Lanka’s over 2600 years of history of a Sinhala Buddhist civilization, we hope that the OHCHR and the UNHRC respect that history, take our concerns outlined above into account and ensure that Sri Lanka’s unitary status, integrity, sovereignty, independence and freedom are not compromised in anyway under any circumstances.

Yours faithfully,

Chairman,

Sri Lankan Solidarity Movement

 

Sinhala Welfare Association, UK

Videshagatha Sri Lankikayo Mawbima Wenuwen

Sri Lanka Freedom Party – UK Branch

Jathika Nidahas Peramuna -UK Branch

 

Sri Lankan Solidarity Movement

Email: ajith_ssm@yahoo.co.uk

CONSPIRING AGAINST NEIGHBOURS????

April 1st, 2016

ALI SUKHANVER

Kul Bushan Yadev, the terrorist of the RAW is now-a-days very prominent in all newspapers and on all media screens; prominent as a person whom humanity must be ashamed of. His arrest is no doubt a wonderful achievement of the intelligence agencies of Pakistan but it must be kept in mind that history is replete with such marvelous achievements of the intelligence and security agencies of Pakistan particularly with reference to the agents of Raw. These agents have ever been involved in very cruel type of terrorist activities in Pakistan though the intelligence agencies of Pakistan did never let them enjoy a long time working. Same is the case with Kul Bushan Yadev, the Indian terrorist of RAW who was arrested just a few days back. In this very short span of time the intelligence and security agencies of Pakistan succeeded in exploring all that was hidden in the brain and heart of this RAW operative. According to the details this recently arrested RAW terrorist was found deeply involved in different terrorist activities in Pakistan including a plan of sabotaging the CPEC project. The security agencies also traced his involvement in providing financial and technical support to the groups of so-called Baloch separatists. But there is nothing new in all these incidents; Raw had ever been very active in Pakistan and it is not for the first time that a RAW operative has been arrested.

Let us look back to 23rd September 2015; the Security forces of Pakistan in collaboration with the Intelligence agencies of Pakistan arrested two individuals working for Indian intelligence agency RAW from Parachinar in Kurram tribal agency. The Indian agents were arrested after an intelligence based operation was carried out by security agencies.  Earlier in August 2015, the law enforcement agencies had arrested four suspects linked to India’s RAW spy agency from Lahore. In early 70s we come across Ravinder Kaushik who was recruited by RAW and was given extensive training in Delhi for two years. According to the media reports Ravinder Kaushik underwent Circumcision so he could pass as a Muslim. He was taught Urdu, given religious education and acquainted with the topography and other details about Pakistan. In 1975 he was sent to Pakistan and given the name of Nabi Ahmed Shakir. Somehow or the other he got a trivial type of job in government sector from where he tried to pass on valuable information to RAW which he thought was of great help to the Indian defense forces. He couldn’t conceal his identity for a long time from the intelligence agencies of Pakistan and was soon caught red-handed. As per tradition he was totally disowned by RAW and the Indian authorities after being caught. He died a miserable death and the Indian authorities provided him no help no support, however Indian Media started a campaign to have his efforts acknowledged after his death. In 2013 the Baghdad police station of Karachi arrested another agent of RAW during raid in a house on the basis of information provided by the intelligence agencies. The fake name of that agent was Syed Alam and he was found involved in so many sectarian killings and other terrorist activities in Karachi. In short there is a long list of agents who were sent to Pakistan by the RAW but luckily none of them could be successful in hiding himself from the eyes of the intelligence agencies of Pakistan.

It is a universally accepted fact that Pakistan has world’s one of the few best intelligence agencies as well as very skillfully trained and devotedly talented law-enforcement agencies. For the last thirty years, Pakistan has been facing the ever-worst interference of different international intelligence agencies including the MOSAD, the KHAD, the CIA the NDS and the RAW. They all have joined hand together to destabilize Pakistan with their heinous crimes but they have yet not succeeded in their plans yet. It is only because of the unbeatable and undefeatable professional skills of the intelligence and security agencies of Pakistan. It is something very deplorable that Pakistan’s closest neighbour India lets no opportunity of destabilizing Pakistan go waste. In spite of the fact that Pakistan has always tried to create an atmosphere of cordiality and harmony with India by doing all that is possible but this unlucky neighbour of Pakistan never appreciates or encourages any of such efforts rather India’s response to such efforts is always in shape of some conspiracy against Pakistan. Be it the Pathankot incident or the Mumbai blasts or the so-called Boat-Incident, India has always been involved in a dirty blame game against Pakistan. The Indian high-ups must review their approach and behavior in this regard. They must pay attention to the ever-worst social discrimination and racial injustice regularly faced by the minorities in India rather wasting time and resources on conspiring against Pakistan.

A wake-up call

April 1st, 2016

Island Editorial Courtesy The Island

The chance detection of an explosive cache in the North and the arrest of a hardcore Tiger on Wednesday have caused quite a stir in defence and political circles. The government has, true to form, sought to put a bold face on it.

No sooner had the detection of a suicide jacket, mines, explosives and ammunition been made than Defence Secretary Karunasena Hettiarachchi, addressing the media, claimed there was no threat to national security. One found his tone pregnant with flippancy and sarcasm which, he apparently thought, would help him look confident. What one gathered from his statements was that he thought the incident should not be taken seriously. Such derisive dismissals do not inspire trust. How can he be so sure that national security is not in danger?

Politically induced knee-jerk reactions must be avoided in matters concerning public security. It was obvious that the Defence Secretary hadn’t had time to be briefed properly on Wednesday’s incident and the security implications thereof. It was a textbook example of gownsmen rushing in where swordsmen fear to tread. Investigations are still on and the state intelligence services will take weeks, if not months, to reassess new threats to national security.

The Opposition is blowing the issue out of proportion in a bid to make the most of it while the government is all out to play it down for political reasons; the former is trying to impress upon the public that it alone is capable of preventing the LTTE from raising its head again and the latter is making a vain effort to have us believe that it hasn’t jeopardised national security. Neither of them has assessed the situation realistically.

The government is right in pointing out that many arms caches have been detected since the conclusion of the war. Yes, thousands of weapons, hundreds of mines, tons of ammunition and explosives have been found in different parts of the former war zone. But, Wednesday’s detection was different in that a hardcore Tiger who joined the LTTE as a child soldier at a tender age (13) recently moved explosives and a suicide jacket to an LTTE safe house. He couldn’t have done so for the fun of it.

It may be argued that one swallow does not a summer make. But, the fact remains that all it takes to wreak havoc on a country is a few bloodthirsty, brainwashed terrorists. Hence, the need for the government to brace itself and the security forces for any eventuality without being lulled into a false sense of complacency! None of its foreign allies will rush to its rescue in case of terror strikes. They will only proffer advice from a safe distance and urge it to evolve a solution through negotiations.

Meanwhile, nobody knows what has become of the LTTE’s intelligence Chief Pottu Amman. His body was never recovered. Why the intelligence services have failed to find out whether he is dead or alive defies comprehension.

The northern politicians, most of whom are former Tiger proxies, had better refrain from doing anything that will endanger national security and facilitate the revival of the LTTE, which is no lover of democratic politics as is only too well known. They ought to realise that they and their backers organise events such as commemorations which will help resurrect Frankenstein’s monster at their own peril. Their sins are bound to be visited upon their children.

There are about 4,000 former LTTE combatants who haven’t been rehabilitated besides 12,000 other cadres who underwent rehabilitation. This does not mean all of them will take up arms and, therefore, the government should panic. But, the possibility of some of them doing so if conditions conducive to a comeback are created cannot be ruled out. The second JVP uprising in the late 1980s may serve as an example. The senior LTTE cadres who survived the war may even be aware of the locations of underground arms caches.

If the LTTE wants to make a comeback and is ready to carry out political assassinations it will have to target either the doves in power or the hawks in the Opposition, struggling to recapture state power. Will it take the trouble of targeting well-protected doves and pave the way for the return of the hawks well versed in meeting terrorist threats? With the benefit of the hindsight they must have realised long ago that they blundered in 2005 by organising a polls boycott which facilitated Mahinda Rajapaksa’s rise to power. Or, will it turn on the currently less protected hawks responsible for crushing it so as to take revenge, forestall future problems and plunge the country into chaos in the process?

It is imperative that security threats to the leaders of both the government and the Opposition be reassessed urgently and action taken to protect them.

NP Governor: Chava explosives meant to cause destruction

April 1st, 2016

By Shamindra Ferdinando

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Governor Cooray

Northern Province Governor Reginald Cooray yesterday said that the deadly cache detected at Meesalai, Chavakachcheri had been brought there to cause destruction.

The armaments couldn’t have been brought in for a peaceful purpose, Governor Cooray said, asserting that moderates always attracted the wrath of extremists. The NP Governor was addressing the media at his Battaramulla office.

Asked whether President Maithripala Sirisena could have been targeted by the LTTE, Governor Cooray said various theories could be propagated. The former minister said that he could claim that he was being targeted whereas others may claim that various other individuals and places were the likely targets.

Cooray recently succeeded H. M. G. S. Palihakkara, former Secretary to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs as the NP Governor.

Responding to criticism that the Chavakachcheri detection underscored a severe threat posed to national security, Governor Cooray said that a vast majority of people supported on-going post-war national reconciliation process.

However, those who could not stomach the reconciliation process had been engaged in a campaign to sabotage the process, Governor Cooray said. Fresh violence could cause irreparable damage to the on-going initiatives, Governor Cooray said, adding that the vast majority of victims were ordinary civilians from different communities.

Political party leaders had been provided with security, he said. In an obvious reference to extremists on both sides, Governor Cooray said that the on-going reconciliation process was being ridiculed and undermined and the imminent revival of terrorism propagated to cause anxiety among the people.

Cooray said whatever the differences the contentious issues had to be resolved through negotiations.

The media had been divided and fighting a bitter battle with different political parties pursuing contradictory strategies at the expense of post-war national reconciliation. Although 30-year war had been brought to an end in May 2009, reconciliation was yet to be achieved, the former parliamentarian said.

Governor Cooray castigated both Tamil media, including those based in the Jaffna peninsula and Sinhala mainstream media for propagating lies. The Governor cited as an example the recent controversy in the media pertaining to an alleged directive given by the Government Agent of Jaffna to the chief incumbent of Nagadeepa temple not to construct a Buddha statue. He said the media and various interested parties continued to manipulate public opinion for their personal gain. The SLFPer alleged that both Tamil and Sinhala media had failed to reflect actual public opinion much to the disappointment of those unable to express themselves.

Cooray alleged that the coverage of the Nagadeepa controversy was meant to cause turmoil both in the North as well as the South.

The Governor said President Maithripala Sirisena had earned the appreciation of Tamil speaking people and perhaps no other Sinhala leader had received such accolades.

The government was committed to pursuing the path of national reconciliation though challenges remained due to various reasons, particularly the failure on the part of political parties to reach consensus on the national issue, the Governor said.

Suicide jacket and Tiger cadre in custody: Some startling findings

April 1st, 2016

Suspect’s move facilitated by soldier’s bro
Lethal haul moved to Chava on Sunday night
LTTE combatant, others planning major attack

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Lethal cache found on Wednesday

By Shamindra Ferdinando

An LTTE cadre now under interrogation had brought a suicide jacket, four claymore mines, three parcels containing about 12 kgs of TNT, two battery packs as well as 100 rounds of 9mm ammunition to a safe house in the Meesalai area, Chavakachcheri, in the Jaffna on Sunday night.

The police identified the suspect as Edward Julian alias Ramesh (32).

A raiding police party on Tuesday (March 29) night found the armaments in a room. The suspect hadn’t been present at the time of the raid, sources told The Island.

The police arrested the suspect at a check point at Wannerikulam in the Kilinochchi District.

Authoritative sources said the recovered armaments hadn’t been among arms caches left behind by the LTTE at the conclusion of the war in May 2009. Sources said that Chavakachcheri had been liberated during 1995/96 period and was subjected to many ‘security sweeps’ over the years.

Jaffna-based sources said that a woman who had been living with the suspect had complained to Chavakachcheri police that he kept cannabis at home. She was identified as Amudra. The suspect had warned the woman not to enter the room, sources said, adding that the two had often quarrelled as the man had an extra marital affair.

In addition to the police, the Directorate of Military Intelligence (DMI), too, is probing the Chavakachcheri detection.

The informant had been married before and the LTTEer was her third partner. If she had not been assaulted by the main suspect the woman might not have alerted the police, sources said.

Investigations have revealed that the suspect had moved into the safe house in January last year with the help of a person identified as Sivadarshan. Chavakachcheri-based sources said that Sivadarshan had been employed as a heavy vehicle driver and was responsible for facilitating the main suspect securing a safe house. Both Sivadarshan and the main suspect had worked for a Jaffna-based company for about two years.

After having worked as a mason for several months, the suspect had bought a mini truck and subsequently a motorcycle, thereby causing suspicions among the people, sources said.

Sources said the LTTE had recruited suspect as a child soldier at the age of 13 while he was studying at a school at Murunkan, Mannar. According to his family, there had not been any contact with him until he re-emerged after the demise of his mother at the Tellipalai hospital in 2013. The family had believed that Julian had perished during the battle for Puthumathalan in April/May 2009.

Sources said the suspect had lived at Chullipuram, Jaffna with his first wife before leaving her and moving to Meesalai with the help of Sivadarshan.

Sivadarshan has disappeared in the wake of the main suspect’s arrest. Well informed sources told The Island that Sivadarshan’s brother was among those recruited to the Army during the previous administration. After the LTTE had been brought to heel, the previous government resumed recruitment of Tamil soldiers in accordance with an overall plan to promote national reconciliation. The soldier is based at a main camp in the Northern Province was likely to be questioned, sources said, adding that Julian seemed to be an important operative in a well-organised group determined to carry out a major attack.

Authoritative sources told The Island that investigators would try to establish whether the main suspect had been in touch with rehabilitated LTTE cadres. Since the conclusion of the conflict, approximately 12,000 LTTE cadres had been released following rehabilitation. However, thousands had not undergone rehabilitation and, therefore, posed a severe threat; sources said, adding that the main suspect was among those managed to shun rehabilitation programme.

The government is expected to review post-January 2015 presidential poll security measures in the Northern Province in the wake Chavakachcheri detection.

Cattle cared for by Thiruketheeswaram kovil sold for slaughter

March 31st, 2016

Shenali D Waduge

Thiruketheeswaram Temple is located in Mannar and one of the most ancient Hindu temples in the island. Both Hinduism and Buddhism are dharmic religions and one key distinguishing factor has been the reverence for the cow by both Buddhists and Hindus. It has recently emerged that 9 cows out of over 40 that had been sent by this temple to be looked after had actually been sold to a Muslim butcher to be slaughtered. The GOSL recently passed the Animal Welfare Bill while in India 24 out of 29 states have banned cattle slaughter. India has been donating funds for the restoration of the temple and it was at a recent event that these cows were sent to be slaughtered calling for an inquiry and action by authorities.

On January 16 the Hindu community celebrated what is known as Mattu Pongal, a day dedicated to honour cattle and especially cows for the important and even sacred role they play in sustaining human life. In Hinduism, the cow is a symbol of wealth, strength, abundance, selfless giving and full of earthly life. Yet, animals are now being slaughtered as part of sacrifice or to seek divine blessings and these sacrifices are taking place in not only Sri Lanka but in India, Nepal and other South Asian nations as well. This has become a new religious ‘culture’ but one that departs from the essential teachings of the religion. Munneswaram kovil has become a favorite sacrifice centre. Is there any God that expects blood of another living being to bestow merit upon a person. Who are creating these new theories?

All living beings feel pain, they too have emotions. Would we like to be taken to be sacrificed for another to gain merit? The animal taken to be slaughtered feels the pain. People have voices and hands to relay their emotions. Animals can only shed tears knowing they are being taken to be killed, they can only scream as they line up in queues to face the axe.

“All fear the rod of death, All are scared.
(understanding others) from one’s own example, one should neither kill nor cause to kill” (Dhammapada)

Maneka Gandhi, a crusader for animal rights says there are over 11,000 ILLEGAL slaughter houses in Delhi alone. In Sri Lanka the kings followed the dasa raja dharma. Even the South Indian King Elara followed the Buddhist royal decree and punished his own son for harming a cow.

The MAAGHAATA (do not kill) proclamations prevailed from 1st to 8th century. Proclamations were made to protect wild life and fishes in the forests and lakes by King Vijayabahu 1 in the 11th century and Parakramabahu the Great in the 12th century. Some kings like King Buddhadassa (341AD) became reputed medical and veterinary surgeons. It was believed that all Kings that followed the Dasa Raja Dharma and protected animals had divine healing capabilities.

What is the democratic right to kill an innocent animal?
In slaughtering an animal do their flesh and blood reach God? Is it not one’s piety that reaches Him?

Those that are responsible for removing the cattle under care of the kovil and selling them for slaughter need to be arrested and punished. Now that the Animal Welfare Bill is virtually through, it is in the hands of the authorities to immediately address the issue of ritual animal slaughter and put an end to killing of animals for sacrifice.

Shenali D Waduge

BLINDFOLD FEDERALISM DEMAND AND ROOT CAUSE OF INDIAN – US STRATEGY TO DECEIVE SRILANKA – part II

March 31st, 2016

Kanthar Balanathan, Australia –

Current Panorama

It is an open drama by some of the politicians, particularly the TNA, demanding power sharing, federalism, equal rights, while most of them are approaching the 70s or more. It is distinct that those TNA and Tamil politicians are fully aware of the economic standing, and the economic stability of the country, whether the financial inflow and outflow of the Treasury can accommodate partitioning governance with number of federal states.

It is not a question of whether partition of governance into federal states will keep the country as a unitary state, and free from secession, however, the question is: The country has been driven into a state of poverty, and slavery to the west, in that SriLanka may become a banana republic similar to Haiti, Hawaii and other Caribbean/ South American states, and, further, the mindset of the Tamils has been deep rooted for a separate state called Tamil Eelam.

It has become necessary for all of SriLankans to ask the question: Have we given, or are we leaving our future generation adequate resources in the republic, to live in a sustainable economic environment, or have we ditched them into a dormant chaotic economic disaster. Already the good governance is running around on a begging spree, and it is observable that SL is driven into a submissive slave position to the West.

It is derisory to note that the good governance of SL assumes that the Tamil Diaspora or the Sinhala Diaspora will invest in SL, and develop the country to generate more jobs, and flourish the country like Singapore. It is beyond doubt that Tamil Diaspora will spend millions to build Hindu Temples in their country of domicile, and celebrate Poojas spending millions of dollars every year, wasting millions of liters of milk to go down the drain and coconuts in bins, but never invest in SL. Have we thought about their (diaspora) future generation? Most of SriLankan children are attracted to assimilating with the Europeans, North Indians, Fijians and Australasians, particularly white/fair skin. Will the future generation of those assimilated generation shoulder loyalty to SriLanka?

It is not the intention of this paper to object assimilating in their country of domicile, but it welcomes assimilation because our children intend to live in their country of choice, which is Europe, Canada, UK, Australia, New Zealand etc. These kids will never intend to migrate back to SL, or invest in SL or SL may not give citizenship to these future generation. As at now SL has tough regulation to issue back citizenship to those who lost theirs. Tamil families can never control or regulate their children to marry only SriLankans. Same goes to the Sinhalese. At one stage SL will be left as an orphan by their own kith and kin. This is one facet of the risk that SriLanka faces in the future. This is the phenomenon that has happened for donkey years around the globe. Those Europeans who came to SL, most of them did not leave, but assimilated with the locals, both Sinhalese and Tamils. E.g. Portuguese, Dutch etc.

Aren’t the Tamil politicians aware of the vacuum economic situation of the North? For 68 years these Tamil politicians never sought / demanded development of the North, but more power / Federalism. Pure reason is that Tamil elites enjoy power and control, and want to dictate using their strength of power to those lower caste / class majorities, and reinforce their muscle through misappropriation of state finances. It is a mental dismay to those Tamil elites that if they do not have the power, the lower caste / class Tamils will elevate themselves with education, wealth and knowledge with the help of the Sinhala government, while if the Tamils elites do hold the power, then they can decide whom to be elevated.

Although we are in a democratic environment, majority of the lower caste / class Tamils have been discarded into a dark space by the elites, with fantasies of God, Spirits, Ghosts, Poojas, punishment, discrimination and oppression. A member of parliament, if elected, is through his status and wealth, however, he will revolve around his elite circles, and the poor oppressed class Tamils can never approach the MP. A social construction of these groups will enable everyone to acquire knowledge of the governing method in SL and India. It is only the Vellala caste people revolve around their elected MPs, and not the poor lower caste people.

Who is CV Vigneswaran? A relative of former elite: Ponnambalam Ramanathan. Who is Sambanthar, Mavai Senathirajah? A dissection of their social class will enable the government to conclude how Tamils operate in governance.

Even an Asst. Superintendent of Police, in a Tamil area cannot be a lower caste Tamil. A manager: not a lower caste Tamil. GA: not a lower caste Tamil. The superiority complex and the tyrannical, totalitarian attitude of the Tamil elites is that no lower caste person can become their boss. E.g. As at now, how is the NPC constituted? Is there a lower caste person holding a higher managerial position? Intermarriage between castes is prohibited, and in India, young ones who cross marry are killed. In SL, those who inter marry leave SL to be in safe heaven.

For example: Australia; Tamil Associations and Societies; – only those Vellala caste Tamils are elected into the management committee. The management committee continues to revolve around those Vellala caste Tamils, and they will somehow see to it that no lower caste person is elected into the management committee. It was reported that most of the seniors associations and Sangam of some form had fraudulent practices by the Presidents, and a few ex-co members. Those who were in charge of LTTE overseas finance ripped LTTE and inherited the wealth.

Parochial acts by NPC

Tamils wanted self-governing. SL gave and conducted elections for the NPC. A Chief Minister, and four council of ministers were appointed. Budget allocation was done. Did the CM and the council of ministers carry out any development work? If at all they looked after their kith & kin who belong to the elite class. Most of their relations were appointed to the government service with a future pension. Still, the CM & Ministers and some NPC members carry on yapping and howling for equal power sharing. Jaffna is not a new area. Several murderers, in the name of throne, ruled Jaffna and Kilinochi. To date these megalomaniacs and despots never, ever, developed the Northern region, nor wanted to develop the North, however, clever enough to blame GOSL since 1948, and carry the lies and untrue stories to the UN to implicate GOSL.

WE, Tamils are clever in implicating others, but not clever enough to implement projects and develop the region. What is the root cause? The root cause is that the elites do not want majority of the lower caste, class areas to be developed, because it may eventually propel a threat to their survival and existence.

SriLankan should read the article in the island: The CM-NPC has returned 80% of the budget allocation back to GOSL.

Ref: http://island.lk/index.php?page_cat=article-details&page=article-details&code_title=142960

What is the motive? The motive is to blame GOSL for not developing the North, and run back to UN to cry, howl, and woof that GOSL, and the majority in SL are oppressing the Tamils. This is what that has been going on for the last 68 years. All readers and citizens should understand the cunning, shrewd, calculating, and Machiavellian attitude of Tamil politicians who take actions until they get what they want.

Ultimately the people who suffer are the lower caste /class Tamils. Those lower caste/class people should know that the two-faced, Tamil politicians have always been deceitful, for the last 68 years.

Tamils love temple Poojas, and solely depend, that (fictitious) god will provide us what we need. Our imperfection is in the areas of innovation, scientific technological advancement, creativity, but limited to embrace and stick to old customs, traditions, beliefs and astrology. Our society (race) can never ever become a modern scientific and technologically knowledgeable race of the 21st or future century. We can never achieve the living standard of the Singaporeans, because we believe in orthodox systems, and our culture is quite rigid. We heavily depend on advanced societies, which is the reason why our people run to the west. We can never build our nation similar to the west or even Singapore. The factors that limit Tamil’s advancement are: rigidity in culture & customs, caste conscious, superstitious beliefs, lack in creative & innovative attitude, high periodical expenditure in millions for temple Poojas, lack in open mind and lateral thinking. An example: Tamil Nadu is unable to elect a Tamil as the Chief Minister for donkey’s years. The poor masses elected a cinema actor/dancer as the Chief Minister, but not an educated Tamil, such as Stalin Karunanithi.

A self-governing federal state can only destroy the multitude of ethnic groups, which now identifies as, “Tamils” in the N&E of SL. The caste system will add onto their oppressive and discriminatory acts and majority of the Tamils may suffer as a result of the dictatorial governing by the elites. The perception and knowledge level of the majority poor peasants may be inadequate to realize the governance of dictatorial caste distinct federalism, and these peasants will be within the law and order control of the Tamil elites.

From the modus operandi of the NPC, it is beyond doubt that Tamils can never govern themselves. Tamils have always been dependent. Evidence is facts from Indian history and also Jaffna history.

Decentralizing governance through devolution of power will only drive the country to a financial crisis, and lead the governing incompetent politicians to mortgage the country to the west.  

Part III of this article will discuss more on financial and republican risks as a result of mortgaging the country.

“TOWARDS ESTABLISIHING    A    KIDNEY BANK IN SRI LANKA – LEARNING FROM ORGAN, EYE, BLOOD, AND SIMILAR BANKS AND    INSTITUTIONS WORLDWIDE”

March 31st, 2016

Sarath Wijesinghe former Ambassador to U A E and Israel- Solicitor and Attorney -at -law 

Case for a Kidney Bank                                       

Kidney is a vital organ of a human body to be protected and looked after for health and long life. Kidney is beneficial and an essential vital organ for the   future and the health of a Nation infested with poisonous / junk food, polluted water and polluted environment. Kidney disease (CKD) is on the rise at an alarmingly high rate in Sri Lanka and worldwide. Kidney is one of the main precious organs in the human body making urine, removes excess water, controls body chemicals, toxics, controls blood pressure, keep bones healthy, help maintain red- blood corporals and control mineral and potassium on blood acidity and many other factors for a healthy life. Kidney is as important as heart. Due to the rapidity of the increase of Kidney diseases governments and non-governmental organisations have set up foundations and institutions.  10% of the world population is suffering from Kidney related diseases and 6% of the Asian Population is diabetic with 1.5 million of the world population die of diabetic related diseases. Sri Lanka has 4 million diabetic patients out of 22 million populations when world has 382 million adiabatic patents increasing at a rapid rate. N C P has 17.5 diabetic patients in the population and 300 deaths have occurred with 22000 treated for CKD in one year. It is understood that there are over 100,000 Kidney related patients in Sri Lanka currently adding 5000, yearly on a very rough estimate. Diabetic related patients are on the rise in Sri Lanka and worldwide due to carelessness and absence of regulatory preventive procedures. CKD is a threat to India and worldwide due to number of factors such as poisonous junk food, contaminated water incorrect food/living patters and mis/over use of drugs being factors closer to the dangerous trend facing the mankind on threats of diabetic related diseases leading to CKD. Kidney transplant is expensive and it is near impossible to find donors due to legal complications and factors beyond the control of the patents donors and the administration. Few can afford the excessive and enormous expenditure and also meeting the stringent requirements. This has become a world epidemic which has led to corruption which has reached highest levels local and worldwide. Currently Sri Lanka is liberal on kidney donations which has hampered due to adverse publicity on Kidney rackets of Indian and other National/Nation due to sheer need of the patients. Legal framework is not clear in India and Sri Lanka on the issue though transplants have taken place in both countries due to sheer need to save lives of love ones. This is a human issue badly in need of a viable and quick solution as the death rate due to Kidney related diseases re on the rise.

Similar Institutions Worldwide    

National Eye Bank

National Eye Bank ( NIEBSL) in Sri Lanka established aiming to pay a significant in alleviating coronary blindness in Sri Lanka and throughout the world. It is a result of alliance between Sri Lanka and Singapore as a joint project situated  in Colombo Eye hospital which is well established and reputed worldwide as a pioneer organisation initiated by a group of social workers led by Late Dr Hudsan Perera managed by a committee consisting of Minister of Health, Deputy Minister of Health, Director General of Health Services, Manager Singapore Eye Bank, Director National Eye Hospital, Manager National Eye Bank of Sri Lanka, Secretary Minister of Health, Project Director, and Chairman National Eye Centre which is a well-represented powerful body acting purely on voluntary basis with no profit motives in order to provide high quality, cost effective corners for transplantation.

National Blood Bank in Sri Lanka 

National Blood Transfusion Service collects 350,000 volumes of blood donation per year to the country with branches in provincial hospitals. First blood donation took place in 1921 which is running as a pride to the nation and as an example being the pioneer to the donation process and the first blood transfusion took place in 1959 during the death of Hon S W R D M Bandaraneike’s tragic death which has aroused emotions of the common man. Today cluster of network of centres are active countrywide.

Kidney Federation in India (KFI)

This is set up to give life to the living individuals with the help of the donations of the healthy fellow human beings. The system will use the kidneys of the dying on brain death and accidents. There are allegations of corruption alleging ethical rackets by Doctors and middle men with the help of private hospitals, which is inevitable due to the sentiments and sensational nature of the issue. In Sri Lanka Buddhist Monks and relations could donate which has extended on humanitarian grounds. With the media exposure on the so called “Kidney Racket” genuine donors and recipients are in trouble indicating the need for a Kidney Bank in Sri Lanka.

Organ Bank in the United Kingdom and U S A

Organ Bank in the UK is well organized and systemized collecting organs from dying patients and accidental deaths. It is a system we can learn from.

Outcome of the World Kidney deliberations which motivated the proposition to set up the Kidney   Bank

Sri Lanka 2050 which is a non-political and non-profitable group of intellectuals and professionals organized a workshop/summer on the world Kidney Day at the Professional Centre with professionals learned on the subject which erupted the proposition to set up a Kidney Bank. Like the Eye Bank we too can get the support of Israel Technology they are prepared to offer with the Government and professionals. Diplomatic channels should be made use of on this exercise with the professionals acting in parallel.

Way Froward

This issue is to be addressed in two ways. Preventing spreading CKD is difficult due to different theories, and schools of thoughts on the cause of the epidemic fast spreading. Common sense approach for the cause could be food habits, water pollution, excessive use of poisonous chemicals in food, use of fertilizer and over use of antibiotics in agro – industries could be the main cause which is difficult to control due to excessive power of multinational companies. It is not only the small and developing countries that are affected. Entire world will suffer in few decades due to excessive use of antibiotics and CKD related diseases which included diabetes around 10% of the world is effected including children. Drinking water is a main issue especially in rural area. Contamination of water from sea water and poisonous fertilizer flows with running water are main sources of spreading cause to the nation. There are lectures, promises, and “thamashas” by politicians with no vision or a strategy. It is time professionals come forward to avoid the danger facing the nation.

Other area to be considered is treatment including transplants and correct and organized medication. Kidney transplant is the last stage of treatment which is expensive and complicated. Sri Lanka is successful in Kidney transplants over 2.5 decades, with a massive success rate attracting foreign patients arriving with donors that we would invite and encourage as this epidemic is spread worldwide. We need 1000 dialysis centres but hospitals can provide few.

Action Plan by Professionals on 26th May at the OPA

Sri Lanka 2050 has invited the professionals intellectuals with experts in the field and leaders in the legal profession worldwide to prepare a draft Act with the procedure in line with other foundations worldwide. World Kidney day was celebrated by Sri Lanka 2050, with the topic “TOWARDS A WORLD FREE FROM CHRONIC KIDNEY DISEASE” with speakers including Professor Rohan Rajapaksa, Senior Professor on agritcultire Biology at Ruhuna University, Dr Channa Jayasumana, Senior Lecturer and Head of Department of Pharmacology at the Medical Faulty Rajarate University, Dr Ruwan Dahanayaka Transplant surgeon from   the National Hospital, Dr P. G.  Mahipala director of Health Services, Dr Lanka Dissanayake of World Health Organization, Dr B A Ratnapala Traditional Ayurveda Consultant and, Professor Sheriff Consultant Physician Nephrologist as moderator, sponsored by Dr B A Ratnapala and Shamual Kinsburg from Israel who has pledged to help set up the foundation. Same invitees on the World Kidney day and many more world renewed international lawyers have pledged to support the cause and this the opportunity for you to be a participant or a volunteer in the team in the formation and setting up of the Kidney Foundation. Let this be the invitation to likeminded Sri Lankans media and the public to participate.

Sarath Wijesinghe

Former Ambassador to UAE and Israel

Why do we neglect our disabled citizens?

March 31st, 2016

Dr. Padmani Mendis Advisor, Disability and Rehabilitation

 Sri Lanka has a long tradition of sharing with our disabled citizens the state’s largesse when it comes to welfare. The state provides grants for medical expenses and self-employment, assistive devices free of cost, cash transfers to those who have low incomes and provides youth with vocational training in special institutions. The state also subsidizes homes which house children with disabilities and those special schools run only for them by NGOs and the private sector.  These unfortunately reach limited numbers because budgets have of necessity to be restricted. Within our society, on our birthdays and in remembrance of our relatives who have passed on, we follow a tradition of giving alms as meals to people in residential homes and donate gifts to individuals. The state and society both see them as in need of “social services” synonymous with “charity” This has been the situation in Sri Lanka for many decades. People with disabilities are beneficiaries of goodwill and charity.

And yet this article puts forward the viewpoint that Sri Lanka neglects our citizens with disabilities. The context for this statement is that the World of Disability has moved on, has changed, and Sri Lanka has not kept up with those changes.  Global Society has moved away from seeing people with disability as mere objects of charity isolated from the mainstream of society. No more is it enough for people with disabilities to be just beneficiaries of special state allocations and segregated services. Neither is it enough for them to be just receivers of other people’s largesse. People with disabilities are citizens with equal rights and responsibilities. Both as individuals and as a group they are of equal worth as any other. They are entitled to an equitable share of the country’s resources. They have the right to participate in whatever other citizens participate in –whether it be the same schools, the same workplaces, the same social institutions. These institutions need to change to accommodate and include people with disabilities. This is far from the reality in Sri Lanka – we still do not see people with disabilities as human beings in their own right with hopes and aspirations, dreams and desires like our own.

Changes in Disability

Global changes in disability came about as a result of a deeper understanding of disability and its causes. First came the acceptance that the situation of disability is largely caused by stigma and societal attitudes – we perceive them as being different as human beings with different needs. Because they cannot see, or hear or speak or behave or learn or move or interact like we do they are not seen as “human beings just like us”.  And so the resulting discrimination, the inequalities, the separate services, the name calling. They cannot attend our weddings and our social celebrations. They cannot use our public transportation.  It is time for us to change and catch up with the World. We must aim at removing those barriers that keep people with disabilities out of our lives, out of our communities, out of what we do. It is time to stop our neglect of them.

The acceptance of the social cause of disability was followed by a clearer understanding of the functional cause of disability. Disability follows an illness or accident which alters an individual’s health condition. This alteration we call disability. Any human being can have an illness, and so it follows that any human being can have disability. Therefore disability is a part of being human – it is a part of us, a part of the rich diversity of our human race.

UN Convention on Disability

It is this acceptance and understanding that led to the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (UN CRPD) which was approved by the General Assembly in 2006. This instrument recognizes in International Law that people with disabilities have the same Human Rights as all others.  They have the right to equality of opportunity and to equal access to goods and services; the right not to be discriminated against; the right to decide what they will participate in, have access to those and be accepted and included; and most of all they have a right to live their lives in dignity and independence with the freedom to make their own choices.

We need to thank Hon. S.B.Dissanayake Minster of Social Empowerment and Welfare and the  Government for having ratified the UN Convention on the 8th of February this year, 9 years after Sri Lanka placed its signature on it in April 2007. That this delay in ratification was an extension of our neglect of people with disabilities is a valid assumption.  And yet during these 9 years some fundamental measures called for to implement the CRPD have been put in place   Affordable and Rights-Based National Policies and National Action Plans have been approved by Cabinet. Legislation to enforce implementation of these as well to serve as the local enabling legislation for the CRPD has been drafted but is yet to be enacted.   One can justify asking the question of whether these were merely tokens over the years in an attempt to keep a small pressure group quiet?

The assumption of neglect has further grounds because of the absence of action.  We need then to ask, how serious are we really about the ratification of the UN Convention? Was it just another token but this time to satisfy the “international community”? We need to take note of the fact that even after we ratified it the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights in his closing statement to the Sri Lankan media last month mentioned his concern about the human rights situation of our people with disabilities.

If Sri Lanka is serious about implementing the Convention and improving the lives of our disabled children and adults, we need to take the next step called for in the Convention. We need to establish a body such as a National Disability Commission to see that that the Convention is implemented through the cabinet-approved National Action Plan for Disability. Article 33 of the Convention describes how implementation is to be done within countries and the need for a mechanism within Government. The UN High Commissioner for Human Rights elaborates on this further in a special report. This Report in no uncertain terms calls for this body to be placed “at the most senior level of Government close to the heart of Government such as in the Office of the President or Prime Minster ..  ”.  The High Commissioner’s report states clearly that it should best not be under a single ministry such as social welfare, labour or education.  Reasons for this are that this Body within the Government responsible for the implementation of the Convention needs to reflect” an understanding of human rights” which is a cross-ministerial issue of immense proportions. It needs to be at a level that can provide oversight and coordination, and hence in the Office of the P.M. or President. The mandate of this Body includes also liaising with a separate independent commission designated with the task of monitoring national implementation.

Hope for the Future

Perhaps the biggest barrier in Sri Lanka to eliminating neglect of disability issues is the lack of interest in people with disabilities on the part of politicians, professionals and administrators – namely those who have the power to change the situation. People with disabilities are among the poorest and most marginalized of our vulnerable groups of citizens. They have no voice.  Who will voice concern for their future?  Will the National Disability Commission, the enactment of a new Disability Rights Act and the implementation of the UN Convention through the National Plan of Action for Disability become a reality? When they do, we could say that Sri Lanka has stopped neglecting her citizens with disabilities. We can have hope that they will be recognized and accepted as citizens with equal rights, included in the mainstream of Sri Lankan Society.

 

Dr. Padmani Mendis

Advisor, Disability and Rehabilitation

e-mail:    mendisnl@sltnet.lk;   padmanimendis@hotmail.com;

BlogSpot;  http://padmanimendis.blogspot.com/

 

March 31, 2016

The Difference between Jathiya and Nation

March 31st, 2016

 Dr. Sooriya Gunasekara 

As there is no English word to express Jathiya, they simply called Sinhalese a Nation.

Nation is a group of people with similarities in cultures and lifestyle.

Jathiya is also a group of people having their deep roots in the earth and sky of that particular country.

Jathiya is birth.

That is why, Jathiya can only be found in that particular country and not elsewhere.

Along with Sinhalese there can’t be more than six Jathies nowadays, although there are hundreds of nations.

There are two categories of Nations and Jathies in the world today.

First comes, those countries named by their Nations. E.g. Chinese – China, French – France, Sinhalese – Sinhale (up to 1815) Germans – Germany are some examples.

Second comes those Africans and Latin American countries which were civilized by Europeans during the 19th century. Eg. Kenya-Kenyans, Nigeria-Nigerians, Cuba-Cubans, Guatemala-Guatemalans, are some examples for that category. As they did not have, civilizations or cultures, Nation got name of the country.

In 1972 all of a sudden Ceylon became Sri Lanka and the Jathiya became Sri Lankans. Sri Lanka Freedom Party was in power along with two other parties. Politicians along with Media gave wide publicity for this game. The cover page of constitution of 1972 indicated as (Constitution of the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka)

Politicians and media may have thought that the cover page is also a part of the constitution.

For a prudent person intention is very clear both Politician and Media wanted to bring down Sinhalese Jathiya to be Africans or Latin American tribal group.

Dr. Sooriya Gunasekara 

 

 තුසිත මළළසේකර මහතා ගැන සටහනක් 

March 31st, 2016

වෛද්‍රුවන් එම් ජයතුංග 

පාසල් යන කාලයේදී මම  සිළුමිණ , රිවිරැස පත්තර වල යන  තුසිත මළළසේකර මහතාගේ සහ දෙල්තොට චන්ද්‍රපාල මහතාගේ  සෞඛ්‍යය ලිපි  කියවීමට   ආශාවක් දැක්වූයෙමි.  තුසිත මළළසේකර මහතාගේ ලිපි වල විශේෂ බවක් මා දුටිමි. එනම් ඉතා සරල සහ ආකර්ශනීය අයුරින් කියවන්නාට ගෝචර වන ලෙසට සෞඛ්‍යය කරුණු සඳහන් ලිපි ලිවීමේ හැකියාවයි.

මගේ පරම්පරාවේ වෛද්‍යවරු බොහෝ දෙනෙකු පාසල් සිසුන් ලෙසට තුසිත මළළසේකර මහතාගේ ලිපි කියවා ඇති බව නිසැකය​. එහෙත් මට තුසිත මළළසේකර මහතා හමු වීමට 2001 පමණ වන තෙක් ඉඩක් නොවීය​. එම වසරේදී තුසිත මළළසේකර මහතා විසින් රූපාවාහිනියේ කරගෙන ගිය වෛද්‍ය හමුව වැඩ සටහනට අධ්‍යාපන ප්‍රතිකාර පිළිබඳව කතා කිරීමට මට ආරාධනා කලේය​. මේ කාලය වන විට මම  අධ්‍යාපන ප්‍රතිකාර නමින් පොතක් ද ලියා තිබුනි. ළමුන් විසින් පෙන්වන අධ්‍යාපන ගැටළු සඳහා වෛද්‍ය සහ මනෝ විද්‍යාත්මක ප්‍රතිකාර උපකාර වන අන්දම මෙම ග්‍රන්ථයෙන් මම පෙන්වා දුන්නෙමි.

විශේෂඥ මනෝ වෛද්‍ය නීල් ප්‍රනාන්දු සහ මා විසින් ලියන ලද විශාදය සහ මනෝ ප්‍රතිකාර යන කෘතිය දොරට වැඩීමේ උත්සවයේදී ප්‍රධාන දෙසුම පැවැත්වීම සඳහා අප විසින් ආරාධනා කරන ලද්දේ  තුසිත මළළසේකර මහතාටය​. එසේම මම පුත්තලම දිස්ත්‍රික් මානසික සෞඛ්‍යය සම්බන්ධීකරණ නිලධාරී ලෙස සේවය කරන ලද සමයේදී වෛද්‍යවරුන් ගේ සන්නිවේදන කුසලතා නැංවීම සඳහා වැඩසටහන් මාලාවක් කලෙමි. මින් එක් ප්‍රධාන වැඩසටහනක් වූයේ  තුසිත මළළසේකර මහතා මගින් සෞඛ්‍යය සන්නිවේදනය කරන අයුරු පිළිබඳව පිළිබඳව වැඩමුළුවක් කිරීමයි. මෙම වැඩසටහනට වෛද්‍යවරු බොහෝ දෙනෙකු සහභාගී වූ අතර එම වැඩසටහන බොහෝ එලදායී විය​.

ලංකාවේ  සෞඛ්‍යය අධ්‍යාපන ක්ශේත්‍රයට තුසිත මළළසේකර මහතාගෙන් සිදුවූ සේවය සෞඛ්‍යය අධ්‍යාපන බලධාරීන් හෝ අනෙකුත් සෞඛ්‍යය  ක්ශේත්‍ර අගැයීමක් සිදු නොකිරීම මට එක්තරා අන්දමකට වේදනාවක් ගෙන ආවේය​. මේ අතර  තුසිත මළළසේකර මහතා සෞඛ්‍යය අධ්‍යාපන බියුරෝවෙන් විශ්‍රාමද ගියේය​. මේ නිසා දුම්කොල භාවිතයේ ආදීනව ගැන පෙන්වා දෙමින් 2009 වසරේ මා ඇතුළු වෛද්‍ය බුද්ධික විජේගුනවර්ධන , වෛද්‍ය දිනේජ් චන්ද්‍රසිරි   සහ සෞඛ්‍යය අධ්‍යාපන නිලධාරී ධර්මදාස පින්නවල මහතා විසින් ලියන ලද දුම්කොල මාරයා පොත අප තුසිත මළළසේකර මහතා  වෙත පිළිගැන්වූයෙමු.  මෙම පොත සෞඛ්‍යය අමාත්‍යාංශයේදී මානසික සෞඛ්‍යය  අධ්‍යක්‍ෂකවරිය විසින් තුසිත මළළසේකර මහතා  වෙත පිලිගන්වන ලදි.

 

වෛද්‍රුවන් එම් ජයතුංග 

මරාගෙන මැරෙන ඇඳුම් කොළඹට ගෙනෙද්දී අල්ලයි.. පින්තූර මෙන්න..

March 31st, 2016

lanka C news

යාපනය චාවාකච්චේරි ප‍්‍රදේශයේදී ආරක්‍ෂක අංශ විසින් පරීක්‍ෂා කරනු ලැබූ පුද්ගලයෙකුගේ නිවසක තිබී මරාගෙන මැරෙන බෝම්බ ඇඳුම් කට්ටල දෙකක්, C-4 පුපුරණ ද්‍රව්‍ය කිලෝ 20ක්, පැති බෝම්බ දෙකක්, පිස්තෝල උණ්ඩ 100ක් සොයාගෙන තිබේ.

තව දුරටත් ප‍්‍රශ්න කිරීමේදී හෙළිව ඇත්තේ මේවා වැල්ලවත්ත ප‍්‍රදේශයට ගෙන යාමට නියමිතව තිබූ ඒවා බවයි.

suisidebombs2

ගංජා ප‍්‍රවාහනය කරන්නේ යයි සැක පිට පරීක්‍ෂා කිරීමේදී මේවා හමුවී ඇතැයිද සඳහන්ය.

suisidebombs3

එහදි තවත් එහිදී දුරකතන සිම්පත් 30ක්ද හමු වී ඇත.

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Recovery Of Arms Cache May Impair De-Militarization Of North Lanka

By PK Balachandran | ENS

Published: 30th March 2016 04:49 PM

Last Updated: 30th March 2016 04:49 PM

COLOMBO: The accidental discovery of an arms cache, including three parcels of TNT and a suicide jacket, in a house at Chavakachcheri in Jaffna District on Wednesday, may hinder the demilitarization of the Northern Province which is one of the major post-war demands of Sri Lankan Tamils and which was promised to the UN Human Rights Council (UNHRC) by the Lankan government headed by President Maithripala Sirisena.

Opponents of demilitarization like MP Namal Rajapaksa have already tweeted that the cache is a sign of the resurgence of the LTTE and that there is no case for lowering vigil.

Recently, President Sirisena himself said that the separatist “Eelam” mindset is still prevelant among the Tamils, but he was quick to add that the only way to neutralize it is the promotion of reconciliation.

The Sirisena-Wickremesinghe government is keen on demilitarization to the maximum extent, and has got the army, navy and air force to vacate hundreds of acres of land in favor of their former civilian owners.

But observers say that the military may not be entirely with the government in this.In fact, Maj Gen.Chaggi Gallage had an open spat with Foreign Minister Mangala Samaraweera at a meeting he had with troops at the army base in Palaly. He was transferred for “insubordination”.

After the war ended in 2009, and especially after the exit of President Mahinda Rajapaksa in January 2015, the military has lost much of its power and influence.Despite assurances by Sirisena and Wickremesinghe, the military top brass are not convinced that they will not be tried for war crimes by an international judicial mechanism set up by the UN.

In this context, incidents and discoveries showing resurgence of the LTTE, are expected to restore the relevance of the military in the affairs of the nation and prevent the government from bowing to the diktats of the West and the UNHRC.

මිනිසුන්ගේ සමානකම ඇත්තේ කොහේ ද?

March 31st, 2016

නලින් ද සිල්වා

මිනිස්කම යන්න අගය කළ යුත්තකි. ඒ පිළිබඳ වාදයක් තිබිය නො හැකි ය. නීතිය ඉදිරියේ මිනිසුන් සමාන වේ යැයි කියැවෙයි. එය ද වටිනා අදහසකි. එහෙත් අවාසනාවකට මිනිස්සු සමාන නො වෙති. එක් එක් අයගේ දක්‍ෂතා විවිධ ය. ඇතැමුනට දක්‍ෂතා ඇති බවක්වත් අපි නො දනිමු. ඒ එවැනි දක්‍ෂතා සමාජය විසින් පිළිගෙන නොතිබීම නිසා ය. සමාජය විසින් පිළිගැනෙන්නේ සමාජයට අවශ්‍ය දක්‍ෂතා පමණකි. ඒ දක්‍ෂතා තීරණය කෙරෙන්නේ කවුරුන් විසින් ද? අපට ලංකාවට වුවමනා අන්දමට දක්‍ෂතා තීරණය කිරීමට හැකි ද? ලංකාවට වුවමනා යන්නෙහි ම තේරුම කුමක් ද? එමෙන් ම වටිනා අදහසක් යන්නෙහි වටිනාකම යනු කුමක් ද?

මේ පිළිබඳ දාර්ශනික සාකච්ඡාවක් කිරීම මගේ අරමුණ නො වේ. ඒ සඳහා මට ඇති සුදුසුකම කුමක් දැයි කිසිවකු විසින් ප්‍රශ්න කෙරීමට ද ඉඩ ඇත. අද සුදුසුකම් මනින්නේ සහතිකවලිනි. මට දර්ශනය පිළිබඳ උපාධියක් නැත. මා කිසිම විභාගයකට දර්ශනය විෂයයක් ලෙස හදාරා නැත. එහෙත් මා දන්නා කරුණක් වෙයි. මිනිසුන් සමාන නැත. අඩුම තරමෙන් නීතිය ඉදිරියේවත් සමාන නැත. මා කතාකරන්නේ චම්පික රණවකගේ රිය පැදවීමක් ගැන නො වේ. පොලීසියට අනුව ඔහු සිල් බිඳගත්තේ යැයි කියන රාතී්‍රයක රිය පදවා නැත.  රිය පදවා ගෙන ගියේ චම්පික යැයි කීමට සාක්‍ෂි නැත. සාක්‍ෂි යනු කවරේ ද? යමක් යමක සාක්‍ෂියක් බව තීරණය කරන්නේ කවු ද? ඒ කුමක් වුවත් නීතිය ඉදිරියේ ඇමතිවරයකු සහ වැසියකු අතර සමාන කමක් නැත.  

අවුරුදු විසිපහකට පමණ පෙර කොළඹ විශ්වවිද්‍යාලයෙන් මා පහකෙරිණි. එකල එහි උපකුලපති වූයේ ජී එල් පිරිස් ය. ඔහු එදා එ ජා ප හිතවතෙකි. අද සංධානයේ බලවතෙකි. එකල ගණිත අංශයෙහි ප්‍රධානියා වූයේ පී ඩබ් ඈපාසිංහ නමැත්තෙකි. අද ඔහු මහින්ද රාජපක්‍ෂගේ හිතවතෙකි. එදත් හිතවතකු වන්නට ඇත. කෙසේ වෙතත් මට විරුද්ධව චෝදනා අටක් විය. ඒ චෝදනා ඔප්පු කිරීමට සාක්‍ෂි ද මෙහෙයවිණි. සාක්‍ෂි මෙහෙයවුණේ වී කේ සමරනායක නම් මහාචාර්යවරයකු විසිනි. ගෘහස්ත පරීක්‍ෂණයෙහි දී චෝදනා ඔප්පු විය. මා සේවයෙන් පහකෙරිණි. මම කම්කරු උසාවියේ නඩුවක් පැවරීමි. ඒ නඩුවෙන් මට ගෙවීමක් කරන මෙන් කොළඹ විශ්වවිද්‍යාලයට නියම කෙරිණි. කොළඹ විශ්වවිද්‍යාලයෙන් ඒ තීන්දුවට විරුද්ධව මහාධිකරණයට අභියාචනයක් ඉදිරිපත් කෙරිණි. මහාධිකරණයට අනුව මා වැරදිකරු විය. කොළඹ විශ්වවිද්‍යාලයෙන් ගෙවීමට තිබූ මුදල අවලංගු කෙරිණි. මම ශ්‍රෙෂ්ඨාධිකරණයට අභියාචනයක් ඉදිරිපත් කෙළෙමි. කම්කරු උසාවියෙන් මට ගෙවීමට නියම කළ මුදලෙන් තුනෙන් දෙකක් පමණ හෙවත් ලක්‍ෂ පහක් ගෙවීමට ශ්‍රෙෂ්ඨාධිකරණයෙන් නියම විය. ඒ ඒ උසාවිවලින් ඒ ඒ තීරණ ලැබුණේ කෙසේ ද? කෙසේ වෙතත් අවුරුදු දහයක් සේවයෙන් පහකරනු ලැබ සිටීමෙන් මට රුපියල් ලක්‍ෂ පනහකට වැඩි අලාභයක් සිදුවිය. වෙනත් දරුවන් වෙනුවෙන් මගේ දරුවෝ ඒ අලාභයට යටත්වූහ. මගේ දරුවනට ඒ ගැන අභිමානයක් ඇතැයි සිතමි. අලාභය ලක්‍ෂ පහක ගෙවීමකට පමණක් යටත්වූයේ කෙෙසේ ද? ඒ සියල්ලට ම වඩා මා වැරදිකරුවකු ද නැද්ද යන්න තීරණය කරන්නේ කෙසේ ද?

මේ සියල්ල සාපේක්‍ෂ ය. චෝදනා ද නඩු තීන්දු ද සාපේක්‍ෂ ය. නීතිය ද සාපේක්‍ෂ ය. මගේ ලෝකයෙහි මා වරදක් කර නැත. එහෙත් ජී එල් පීරිස්ගේ, ඇපාසිංහගේ හා සමරනායකගේ (ඔහු දැන් ජීවතුන් අතර නැත) ලෝකවල මා වරදක් කර ඇත. එහි වූයේ චින්තන හා සංස්කෘතීන් දෙකක ගැටුමක් හා විශ්වවිද්‍යාල ගුරුවරුන්ගේ පුරාජේරු ආධිපත්‍යය හා ශිෂ්‍යයන්ගේ දුක්ගැනවිල්ලක් අතර වූ ගැටුමකි. පුරාජේරු ආධිපත්‍යයක් මගේ ලෝකයෙහි නැත.

නීතිය ඉදිරියේ මිනිස්සු කිසිසේත් ම සමාන නො වෙති. චූදිතයන්, චෝදකයන් පමණක් නොව නීතිඥයෝ ද විනිසුරුවෝ ද සමාන නො වෙති. ඒ ඒ උසාවිවල ඒ ඒ තීන්දු ලැබෙයි. මුදල් ඇති අයට තමන් වෙනුවෙන් පෙනී සිටීමට දක්‍ෂ නීතිඥයන් ලබාගත හැකි ය. නීතිය විවිධ ආකාරයෙන් විවරණය කිරීමට හැකි ය. එය නීතිඥයාගේ හැකියාව මත ද රඳා පවතියි.

මිනිසුන් සමාන නො වේ නම් සංස්කෘතීන් සමාන වන්නේ කෙසේ ද? ඊනියා බහු සංස්කෘතික සංකල්පය තේරුම් ගන්නේ කෙසේ ද? යම් රටක විවිධ සංස්කෘතීන් ඇති විට ඒ සංස්කෘති සමාන වේ ද? මා මෙහි දී ප්‍රශ්න කරන්නේ එක් සංස්කෘතියක් තවත් සංස්කෘතියකට වඩා උසස් ද නැද්ද යන්න නො වේ. සංස්කෘතීන් උසස් ද නැද්ද යනු මැන ගැනීමට ඇති මිනුම් දණ්ඩ කුමක් ද? එහෙත් රටක ඉතිහාසය, ජීවන රටාව, ඒවාට මුල් වූ සංස්කෘති ආදිය මත පදනම් ව ඒ රටෙහි විශේෂිත වූ සංස්කෘතිය කුමක් දැයි තීරණය කළ හැකි ය. අපේ රටෙහි ඇත්තේ සිංහල බෞද්ධ සංස්කෘතියක්, ඒ මත පදනම් වූ ජීවන රටාවක් හා ඉතිහාසයකි. සිංහල බෞද්ධ සංස්කෘතියට හිමි සුවිශේෂත්වය නැති කරනු ලැබුයේ කවුරුන් විසින් ද? අප ඒ නැවත දිනාගන්නේ කෙසේ ද? බටහිර යුදෙවු ක්‍රිස්තියානි සංස්කෘතිය ලෝකයෙහි ම අධිපතිවාදී සංස්කෘතිය වූයේ කෙසේ ද?

මේ ලිපිය මුහුණු පොතෙන් ද කියවිය හැකි ය.

https://www.facebook.com/Nalin-de-Silva-188511888194878/

නලින් ද සිල්වා

2016 මාර්තු 31   

Tamil Politicians Threaten the Sinhala Buddhist Community in the Northern and Eastern Provinces of Sri Lanka

March 31st, 2016

Source: Helabima (translated from Sinhalese) Courtesy: Buddhist Channel

http://www.buddhistchannel.tv/index.php?id=43,12744,0,0,1,0#.Vv1nMpx96Ul

Colombo, Sri Lanka — Since a new government came to power last year, Sinhalese communities and Buddhist temples in the north-east of the island are facing  increasing threats of eviction from Tamil politicians and their henchmen, Venerable Tissapura Sri Gunaratana, Chief Priest of the Sri Sambodhi temple in Kokilai in Malativu district told a group of local media representatives touring the area recently.

Malativu, on the north-eastern coast of Sri Lanka was the scene of the final battle with the terror group Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) that took place in May 2009 where the Sri Lanka army finally extinguished the terror threat to the country. Now MPs of the Tamil National Alliance (TNA) a political front initially formed by the LTTE are coming to the Sinhalese villages and trying to pressure them to leave the area, says the Buddhist monk.

The tour of the media group was organized by the Buddhist nationalist outfit Bodu Bala Sena (BBS) earlier this month to familiarize the local media about the threats faced by Sinhalese communities in the Malativu and Vavuniya areas, which were at one stage under the control of the LTTE.

The Sri Sambodhi temple has been built in 2010 on the land that was earlier occupied by the government owned Kokilai Sinhalese high school. A conflict has been created, because this government owned land has been claimed by another individual. The temple was built with the help of army manpower and the then Defense Secretary Gotabaya Rajapakse has resolved this issue a few years ago when he advised the local government authorities to grant land to this claimant in a vacant block close by. However, with the change in government in Colombo, this issue has now become a political football.

Local Sinhalese community members have indicated to the journalists that after the change in government TNA members have become aggressive and the TNA MP and Northern Province Lands Minister T. Ravikaran has visited the temple a number of times, threatened them and ordered construction work to be stopped.

Since then, an army officer who has been spearheading the construction activities has been transferred resulting in the suspension of the temple extension work. Subsequently, the Additional Secretary of the Land Ministry has issued an order to stop building work at the temple.

Temple authorities have told the media delegation that an associate of a local Christian priest Rev Rayappu Joseph, a journalist named Jude has been regularly visiting Kokilai and threatening the temple and the Sinhalese community there demanding them to evacuate the land.

Ven. Gunaratana has told the visiting media that both the Sri Sambodhi temple and the Kokilai Sinhalese community are constantly under threat and they fear for their lives. Thus he has called upon President Maitripala Sirisena and Prime Minister Ranil Wickremasinghe to intervene to help resolve this problem and make the Kokilai Sinhala community feel safe.
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Source: Helabima (translated from Sinhalese)

 

Courtesy: Buddhist Channel

Christianity was the only way out, says North Korean defector

March 31st, 2016

Courtesy theguardian.com

Joseph Kim revered the Great Leader as a child, but on arriving in China he realised that if he embraced Jesus missionaries would help him escape

http://www.theguardian.com/world/2015/oct/18/christianity-defectors-escape-route-north-korea

The first time Joseph Kim heard the words “Christian” and “church”, he had no idea what they meant. He had never seen a church and Christianity was as unfamiliar to him in his famine-ravaged North Korea as Disneyland.

“Kwang Jin”, a friend said to him, using the Korean name by which Kim was then known, “if you ever go to China, the churches will give you money.”

To which Kim replied: “What’s a church? Why would they just give you money?”

“Because they’re Christians,” the friend said.

“What are Christians?” Kim asked.

That Kim should have known nothing about Christianity when he was growing up in North Korea was hardly surprising. Born in 1990, the only belief system to which he was exposed as a child was reverence, mixed with fear, for the Great Leader.

When he was very young he was taught in kindergarten about the magical powers of Kim Il-sung, then supreme leader of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK). Kim learned that the dictator was the smartest man in the world and that he was able to fly around the countryside keeping watch over all his children.

But if the cult of the Great Leader left no room for Christianity, or any other organised religion in Kim’s youth, the importance of money was most certainly not lost on him. Prolonged famine had struck the country when he was five, killing more than a million people and in effect turning Kim into an orphan. His father died of hunger-induced illness, his mother ended up in a North Korean prison camp, and his beloved sister was probably sold as a child bride in China.

As he describes in his memoir of becoming a defector, Under the Same Sky: From Starvation in North Korea to Salvation in America, Kim was driven to increasingly desperate measures to survive. He ate wild plants and raspberry leaves, snails and grasshoppers, lived by petty crime and joined a network of homeless thieves called the “gangster brothers”.

Eventually in 2006, at the age of 16, he decided he had nothing left to lose and made the perilous journey from his town of Hoeryong in the north of the country across the Tumen river into China.

He remembered what his friend had told him about churches giving money, which chimed with what somebody told him as he knocked on doors in search of food inside China. “You must go to a Christian church,” a Chinese woman said.

“How do I find this church?” he asked.

“Look for a cross,” she replied.

His search took him to a number of churches in Tumen City, the Chinese town where he arrived close to the North Korean border, and through them he was introduced to a network of Chinese-Korean Christians who were to prove his salvation.

“If that hadn’t happened, I don’t know what other route I could have taken,” Kim said in an interview with the Guardian in New York, where he now lives. “I didn’t have any relatives or friends I could find inside China, so this was my only hope.”

Unbeknown to Kim at that time, his connection with the Christians meant that he had entered the most sophisticated underground support network for North Korean defectors then in existence inside China.

Backed with money and logistical support from South Korean-based, largely Presbyterian, churches, an intricate system was in place for hiding away, and then providing escape routes, for people who had fled famine or persecution in the DPRK.

In Kim’s case, he was sheltered in the home of a Korean-Chinese woman, aged about 75, whom he called Grandma. A woman of strong faith, she was a member of a South Korean church, which paid some of her rent and the expenses she incurred looking after North Korean defectors.

It was a dangerous arrangement. If Grandma had been caught harbouring Kim, she would have faced a 5,000-yuan (£520) penalty – an enormous sum for her. If Kim had been caught, he would have been deported back to North Korea, where his connection with Christianity would have been severely punished.

“Public execution would have been highly possible, but definitely I would have been sent to a prison camp back in North Korea,” he said.

The shelter and food that Kim received from Grandma and her Christian network did not come entirely without a cost. He was expected to embrace the religion. He attended Bible-reading lessons, and later Grandma took him to underground church services.

At first it was all gobbledygook to him. When he arrived in China from North Korea he was, he said, “nothing more than an animal who wants to live and have a bite to eat. There was nothing else. My primary concern was to find food. If you didn’t constantly put yourself first, you would die. So ethics meant nothing to me, it was nothing more than a word.”

He admits in the early days he was only interested in what Christianity could give him. “I was merely interested in the aid I could get from them. There was no sense of moral development.”

Over time, though, he did come to appreciate the lessons and to embrace the religion. The sacrifices made on his behalf by Grandma and other local Christians chimed with what he was reading in the Bible, and he started to understand the value of altruism.

“Grandma made a huge sacrifice and took great risks to help me. And that matched the story of Jesus I read in the Bible and I started to understand.”

But there was another sacrifice he found more difficult to accept. Early on in his contact with the Christians in China, he was told to change his name from Kwang Jin to the biblical Joseph Kim. He was shocked and offended by the demand.

“It was a mixture of anger plus sadness,” he said. “I literally gave up everything I had to survive. I gave up my personality. I gave up the pride of being human. I had nothing to tie me to my parents and my past life. The only thing that identified me was my name – and now I was being told to give that up too.”

After around three months living under Grandma’s protection, Kim was introduced to a non-religious group called Liberty in North Korea (LiNK), which works with defectors hiding in China and helps them seek asylum. LiNK facilitated his journey to the US consulate in Shenyang, and after four months there he was relocated to the US, where he has lived for eight years.

Today he is preparing to start as an undergraduate at Bard College, New York, studying political science. He describes himself as a Christian and belongs to a South Korean church in Brooklyn. “I’m not the most ideal Christian, but I am Christian,” he said.

Over time he has grown to appreciate Christianity as a loving, altruistic faith. But he has also wrestled with doubts about the religion and why he had to join it in exchange for food and shelter.

“I didn’t feel tremendous force to join the religion, but it’s also true that I didn’t have any other option. No one said to me, ‘By the way you don’t have to become a Christian to get help.’

“One thing Christianity could do to help address the question is to say to North Korean defectors, ‘It’s totally up to you – whether you join the religion or not – we’re going to help you regardless.’ I think that could be helpful, but I don’t know whether South Korean missionaries are prepared to do that.”

At moments of extreme doubt, Kim wonders whether Christianity could be another form of indoctrination. “Even though no one forced me into Christianity, I definitely had internal pressure: if I didn’t believe in God, would they still be helping me?”

He said he was still struggling with that moral conundrum. But he also remains enduringly grateful for the sacrifices made on his behalf by Grandma, and he deeply regrets that he has been unable to contact her since leaving China to thank her personally for the new life she gave him. “She played a huge role in my life – without her I wouldn’t be here today,” he said.

බුද්ධදාස රජතුමා  ඉදිරියට දමා  ධනපාල මහතා ””නය්  අරිය් ””’

March 31st, 2016

ධර්මසිරි සෙනෙවිරත්න

                          කැනඩාවේ රසායන විද්යා ගුරුවරයෙකු වූ  බෝධි ධනපාල මහතා  අනුව අපේ බුද්ධදාස රජතුමා වෙදකම් කලේ  පළමුවෙන් තම බෙහෙත් සතුන්ට දී පරීක්ෂා කිරීමෙන් පසුවය .ධනපාල මහතා දන්නේ බටහිර ක්රමය පමණිබටහිර බෙහෙත් වල නොයෙකුත් රසායනික ද්රව් අඩංගු නිසා ඒවා මිනිසු න්ට දීමට පෙර සතුන්ට දී  හානියක් වෙදය් මුලින් සොයා බැලේ . සතුන් මවා ඇත්තේ මිනිසුන්ගේ ප්රයෝජනයටය  යනුවෙන්  අදහන ආගම් වලින් සන්ස්කරනයවූ සංස්කෘතීන් වල මිනිසුන්ට සතාසීපාවා ඈත්තේ තමන්ගේ ප්රයෝජනයට නිසා උන්ට එහි වැරැද්දක් නොපෙනේ . එහෙත් ලංකාවේ සිංහලයෙක්ව ඉපිද නාමික හෝ බෞධ්ධයෙක්ව ඉපිද  දැන් පිටරට සිටින සමහරුන්ට තමන්ගේ සංස්කෘතිය අමතකවී රැකියාවට ගිය පිටරට සියලු ක්රමවේද විද්යාවන් වශයෙන් පෙනීම අතිශයින් කනගාටු දායකය . ලංකා සරස වියේ සිටියදීත්  බටහිර විද්යාවට පිටින් ඇති සකල සියලු සිංහල දේ  හිනාවුන ඒවා මෝඩයින්ගේ යින්ගේ දේ ලෙස සිතු අයෙක් ලෙස ධනපාල මහතාව හදුන්වාදී තිබුනේ එකල  ඔහුගේම සරසවි සගයෙකි  පිටරට ගිය පසු පිස්සුව තද වෙන්නට ඇත .
බුද්ධදාස රජතුමා රජෙක් මෙන්ම වෙදෙකි දේශ සංචාරයේ යන විටත්   බෙහෙත් හෙප්පුව රැ ගන ගිය අයෙකි .අවශ් තැන රාජකීයත්වය පැත්තකට දමා හෙතෙමමිනිසුන්ට වෙදකම් කළේය . බෝසත් සිරිතය්  .  ජේට්ඨ   තිස්ස රජු තමන් උගත් ඇත්දත් කැටයම් කලාව අනුන්ටද ඉගැන්වූයේය . අපේ රජවරුන්ගේ සිරිතය් . බුද්ධදාස රජතුමා  සංචාරයේ යෙදීසිටිනවිට  වේදනාවෙන් පෙලෙන නාගරාජයෙක් දැක උගේ සිරුරේ තිබු ගෙඩියක් පලා බෙහෙත් දමා සුපත් කලාමිස උට බෙහෙත් දී තම බෙහෙත්  ”’ටෙස්ට් ”’ කලා නොවේබෞද්ධයන්ට  මිනිසාත්  සියලු සත්වයන්ගේ කොටසකි  .  ”උචිතයාගේ පැවැත්ම ”   හෙවත්     ”  සවය්වල්  ඔෆ්   ෆිටස්ට්යනු කිතුනු දර්ශනයය්  අපි කියන්නේ සියලු සත්වයෝ නිදුක් නිරෝගී සුවපත් වෙත්වා  ”’ යනුවෙනුය්බුද්ධ දාස  රජතුමා ධනපාල මහතා වැනි අප්රබුධ්ධයෙක් නොවේ . එනිසා මිනිසුන් සුව පත් කිරීම සඳහා සතුන් මරන්නේ නැත . ‘        ධනපාල තියරිය  සියලු බෞධ්ධයන්ගේ අවධානයට යොමුවිය යුතුය
ගස්ලබු බෙහෙත මැලේසියාව වැනි රටවල බටහිර දොස්තරලාත් ප්රයෝජනයට ගන්නා බව  අසංග ඔබට පෙන්වාදී ඇත   නීල මහා යෝධයා ඔහුගේ ත්  දැකීම් නොපකිලවා විස්තර කර ඇත .මෙසේ තවත් දහස් ගණනක් ගස්ලබු බෙහෙතින්    සුව ලබා ඇත  ලෙනෝරා දොස්තර ගේ බෙහෙත ගැන පත්ත රේ ලොකු විස්තරයක් පලවිය එය දුෂමාන ආරංචියක් නොවේ වෙදහාමිනේටත් පටන්ට් බලපත්රය ලැබී ඇත එහෙත් එය වැලක් වීමට දොස්තරලාත් බටහිර ගති නිලධාරීනුත්  විශාල වෙහෙහෙසක් දරු බව පමණක්  මතක තබාගන්න සාලින්ද දිසානායක එකල සිටි දේශීය ය්  ඇමති තුමාටත් බලපත්රය ලබාදීම සඳහා විශාල වෙහෙසක් දැරීමට සිදුවුයේ බටහිරගතියන් නිසාය
අවසාන වශයෙන් ධනපාල මහතාට කියන්නේ බටහිර රසායන විද්යාව උගත් පමණින්   අන් සියලු දේ හෙලා දැකීම   ත් න්යායයෙන් අන් සියලු මනීමත්  සාකල්යයෙන්ම වැරදි බවය් .    අපි කවුරුත් සසර ගමන  යෙදෙමින් සිටිමු  මිනිසාටත් සතාසීපවාටත් එය අදාලය . එනිසා එකෙක් මරා තවෙකෙක් ජීවත් කරවන බටහිර ක්රමයෙන් මදකට හෝ ඈත්වී   සිංහල හෝ ආයුර්වේද හෝ හෝ තවත් වයිද්යා  ක්රමයකින් සුවපත් වීමේ අවස්තාව අපට අහිමිකරවීමට වලිනොකන ලෙස කරුණාවෙන් ඉල්ලමි
අයුර් වේදයේ බෙහෙත් බොහෝසෙයින් සොයා ගත්තේ ඉසිවරයන් විසිනි  ‘ එක අයෙක් නම්  ”’  ධන්වන්ත රී   ” සමත භාවනා වැනි ක්රමවලින්  ඔවුහු ප්රයෝජන ගෙන ඇත . ……
බටහිර සියලු දේ  නොමනා යය් නලින් හෝ මම හෝ කිසිවිටෙක කි යා නැත.චීනාගේ වෙදී බෙහේ ත් පාවිච්චි කරමින්
පෙරදිගට බනිමින්  තමන්  මහාවිද්යාග්නයෝයය් කියන්නේ  උද්ධච්ච බටහිරයෝය . උන්ට රටවල් අල්ලාගන්නට ප්රයෝජනවත් වුනෙත් චීනාගේ වෙඩි බෙහෙතය  .උන් ගඟෙන් දියබී මුහුදට ආවදුවට ඔබාවනි සිංහලයෙකුත් එසේ කල යුතුනැත

Reply to Harsha de Silva on ‘Truth Behind the USD 6.361 Loans of the Present Government’

March 30th, 2016

Dilrook Kannangara

Rob Peter to pay Paul with a snowballing debt burden seems to be the UNP regime’s way of managing the debt crisis. In his reply, Harsha de Silva, MP, confirmed that the present government has taken USD 6,361 million in foreign loans in its fifteen-month lifespan thus far but hadn’t even built a culvert with that money.

http://www.dailymirror.lk/107531/truth-behind-the-USD-loans-of-the-present-government

Words and more words failed to deflect this truth and to his credit, he didn’t attempt to hide it. The $6 billion question is what happened to that money? It seems a fiscal black hole has swallowed $6.3 billion in just 15 months. At this rate, the UNP regime will amass an astronomical amount of debt of $30.2 billion by the time it will complete term in 2021 unless tragedy strikes earlier.

The breakdown of $6.36 billion is – currency swap agreement with India ($1.50 bn), International Sovereign Bond ($2.15 bn) and Sri Lanka Development Bonds ($2.71 bn).

Currency Swap Agreement – Rob Peter to Pay Paul

Harsha is correct on currency swap agreement. $400 million borrowed in April 2015 was settled in October 2015. By March 2016, what’s outstanding is $1.1 billion which was borrowed in September 2015. Therefore, the $6.3 billion figure should be reduced to $5.96 billion. Not much different; isn’t it?

However, a little careful look tells a horrifying story. $400 billion was borrowed in April 2015. To settle it in October 2015 when due, Sri Lanka borrowed $1.5 billion in September 2015. Out of it, the $400 million was settled leaving $1.1 billion loans to be settled in March 2016. In other words, the $400 million loan has increased to $1.1 billion in just six months. Borrowing more to settle an old loan is disastrous as it creates an ever-increasing debt snowball. Even more will need to be borrowed to settle the $1.1 billion, which is what the UNP regime has done.

$1.5 billion is borrowed from the IMF to repay the $1.1 billion to India. Snowballing of debt continues. The first tranche of it will be $415 million. It creates a shortfall of $685 million, which is covered by another rolling currency swap agreement with India for $700 million. Bigger new loans taken to repay old loans.

The UNP regime is ‘robbing Peter to pay Paul’. Each time debt snowballs into a larger debt. What is not considered here is the interest charge for the swap agreement. In addition to loan repayments, interest has to be paid. It worsens the debt burden without resolving it. Not even a culvert was built.

International Sovereign Bond ($2.15 bn) Loans Not Used to Build Income Generating Assets

These new borrowings were used to retire old debt. Nothing was added to the national economy or infrastructure, not even a culvert. Procrastination seems to be the solution. When and how this $2.15 billion will be repaid? Compared to IMF facilities, these bonds carry a much higher commercial interest rate (6.85% and 5.125%). Of the $2.15 billion, $1.5 billion was borrowed at a staggering 6.85% interest rate for 10 years and the remaining 615 billion at 5.125% interest rate for 5 years.

Repaying interest for 10 years at 6.85% on $1.5 billion is a massive commitment. At the end of it, Sri Lanka will pay $2.91 billion in interest and principal. $790 million will be repaid on the $615 million five-year bond.

In total, the true cost of the International Sovereign Bond is $3.7 billion.

Sri Lanka Development Bonds ($2.71 bn)

These were issued in a number of tranches at a high commercial interest rate of 6.125% over 10 years. Over the term of the bond, $4.91 billion will be repaid in interest and principal. Once again, loan proceeds went to retire old debt and no development work was completed. US government 10-year bond rate is only 1.9% in comparison.

Therefore, the total loan and interest commitment of UNP regime’s borrowings for 15 months is a staggering $9.7 billion and not even a culvert has been built from it let alone ports, airports, roads, dams, power plants or irrigation schemes. This excludes local borrowings that is close to rupees 400 billion (approximately $3 billion).

Election promise to increase salaries cost around $1 billion a year without any productivity increase. Other election sweeteners are also costing state coffers dearly. Contrary to IMF dictates, taxing consumption will shrink the economy and state revenue. How the UNP regime will handle the economic apocalypse after April 1 brought about by tax increases is yet to be seen.

Present crisis due to govt’s haphazard foreign borrowings – MR

March 30th, 2016

Courtesy Adaderana

Former President Mahinda Rajapaksa says that his government did not take negotiations with India on the Comprehensive Economic Partnership Agreement (CEPA) forward due to the “misgivings” expressed by wide sections of society.

In a statement issued today, he said that incumbent President Maithripala Sirisena recently publicly endorsed the proposed Economic and Technological Cooperation Agreement (ETCA) with India and that all SLFP members serving in the government will now have to make a very personal decision as to where they stand on this matter which will have “far reaching consequences” for Sri Lanka.

“When the President said that it was the ‘old government’ (parana anduwa) that had started negotiations for the CEPA with India, he was not referring to my government. CEPA was initiated in 2002 under the previous UNP government led by Mr Ranil Wickremesinghe.”

“My government did not take the CEPA negotiations forward due to the misgivings expressed by wide sections of society,” Rajapaksa said.

 He stated that though Indian exports flow into Sri Lanka without any obstruction under the existing free trade agreement, Sri Lankan exports to India have come up against various impediments such as quantity limitations, licensing requirements, non-acceptance of Sri Lankan product certification and state taxes at the Indian end.

Our suggestion to the present government is that such outstanding issues be sorted out to enable Sri Lanka to obtain the due benefit under the existing FTA before the trade relationship is taken to the next level, the Kurunegala District MP said.

“It is the height of irresponsibility to sign an ETCA ‘framework’ agreement leaving the specific details to be negotiated later when there are so many unresolved trade issues between the two countries,” he charged.

Rajapaksa further said that two ministers admitted publicly that the ruling government had indeed taken foreign loans amounting to more than 6,361 million USD since March 2015, but had claimed all these loans had to be taken in order to pay off the loans taken at high interest rates by the former UPFA government.

The ex-President said that the project loans taken by his government was long term credit at an interest rate of 2% or less.

“The government borrowed 375 million USD through a development bond issue a few days ago. This combined with the three month 700 million USD currency swap announced by India yesterday, brings the total foreign borrowings of this government from March 2015 to March 2016 to 7,436 million USD.”

Of this amount around half – 3,298 million USD falls due in 2016, he emphasized.

“The present crisis is due to the haphazard and irresponsible foreign borrowings of the present government and not due to any loans taken by previous governments.”

The full statement has been reproduced below….
In a TV discussion broadcast last Sunday, the President publicly endorsed the proposed Economic and Technological Cooperation Agreement (ETCA) with India. All members of the SLFP serving in the government will now have to make a very personal decision as to where they stand on this matter which will have far reaching consequences for Sri Lanka.  When the President said that it was the ‘old government’ (parana anduwa) that had started negotiations for the CEPA with India, he was not referring to my government. CEPA was initiated in 2002 under the previous UNP government led by Mr Ranil Wickremesinghe. My government did not take the CEPA negotiations forward due to the misgivings expressed by wide sections of society.

Though Indian exports flow into Sri Lanka without any obstruction under the existing free trade agreement, Sri Lankan exports to India have come up against various impediments such as quantity limitations, licensing requirements, non-acceptance of Sri Lankan product certification and state taxes at the Indian end. Our suggestion to the present government is that such outstanding issues be sorted out to enable Sri Lanka to obtain the due benefit under the existing FTA before the trade relationship is taken to the next level. ETCA envisages a trade in services as well as goods. Sri Lankan professional associations have warned that the mismatch between the regulatory frameworks for professions in India and Sri Lanka will result in Indian professionals gaining unrestricted access to the Sri Lankan market while Sri Lankan professionals are shut out of the Indian market in a repetition of what has happened in the trade in goods.

It is the height of irresponsibility to sign an ETCA ‘framework’ agreement leaving the specific details to be negotiated later when there are so many unresolved trade issues between the two countries. In justifying his endorsement of the ETCA with India, the President observed that while some people in the SLFP spoke highly of the manner in which Mrs Sirimavo Bandaranaike maintained close relations with Mrs Indira Gandhi, the same individuals were against the present government maintaining a similar relationship with Prime Minister Modi. We should bear in mind that though Mrs Sirima Bandaranaiake and her son Anura were personally very close to Rajiv Gandhi, neither of them supported the 1987 Indo-Lanka Peace Accord. We should be guided in such matters by considerations of the national interest.

Speaking of constitutional change during his TV interview, the President stressed the need to give priority to solve the problems of the Tamil people. The Prime Minister also now speaks of the need to devolve power. However the single most important slogan in the ‘yahapalana’ campaign was the abolition of the executive presidency with electoral reform coming next. Hence I stress once again that constitutional reform should focus on abolishing the executive presidency and bringing about electoral reform. More contentious matters such as the devolution of power can be dealt with later. The yahapalana government should respect the public opinion that they themselves helped create.

In response to a previous statement I made on foreign loans, the Finance Minister has been repeatedly telling the media that though I had said that the Mattala airport and Hambantota harbour cost 190 and 426 million USD respectively, the records of the government indicated expenditure of 210 and 1,300 million USD and that the difference has not been explained. The total cost of the Mattala airport was 210 million USD with the loan from the China Exim Bank amounting 190 million. The rest was the ‘local component’ of the project paid by the government of Sri Lanka. We mentioned only the loan component in our previous statement because we were speaking on the subject of foreign loans.  The Hambantota Harbour Phase I cost 501 million and the 15% local component was met by the Ports Authority. The foreign loan component was something like 426 million USD. When the Finance minister says that the cost of the Hambantota Port was over 1,300 million USD, he has included the cost of the 808 million USD second phase which commenced in 2012 and is still under construction.

Two other ministers admitted publicly that the government had indeed taken foreign loans amounting to more than 6,361 million USD since March 2015 as we said in our previous statement, but they said that all these loans had to be taken in order to pay off the loans taken at high interest rates by my government. The project loans taken by my government was long term credit at an interest rate of 2% or less. The government borrowed 375 million USD through a development bond issue a few days ago. This combined with the three month 700 million USD currency swap announced by India yesterday, brings the total foreign borrowings of this government from March 2015 to March 2016 to 7,436 million USD. Of this amount around half – 3,298 million USD falls due in 2016. The present crisis is due to the haphazard and irresponsible foreign borrowings of the present government and not due to any loans taken by previous governments.

– See more at: http://adaderana.lk/news/34734/present-crisis-due-to-govts-haphazard-foreign-borrowings-mr#sthash.leQy2mbA.dpuf

ආණ්ඩුවේ තවත් පච මල්ලක් මහින්ද ලිහයි.. ජනපති මෛත‍්‍රීත් නොදන්න දේකුත් කියා දෙයි.. එජාප ආණ්ඩුවේ ශ‍්‍රීලනිප ඇමතිලාගෙනුත් මෙසේ අසයි.

March 30th, 2016

lanka C news

ආණ්ඩුවේ තවත් පච මල්ලක් මහින්ද ලිහයි.. ජනපති මෛත‍්‍රීත් නොදන්න දේකුත් කියා දෙයි.. එජාප ආණ්ඩුවේ ශ‍්‍රීලනිප ඇමතිලාගෙනුත් මෙසේ අසයි.එට්කා ගිවිසුම හා ව්‍යවස්ථා සංශෝධන ගැන ජනතා මතයට ආණ්ඩුව ගරු කළ යුතු යයි හිටපු ජනාධිපති මහින්ද රාජපක්‍ෂ මහතා පවසයි.

මෙසේ සඳහන් කරමින් ඒ මහතා විසින් නිකුත් කර ඇති මාධ්‍ය නිවේදනය මෙසේය.

එට්කා ගිවිසුම හා ව්‍යවස්ථා සංශෝධන ගැන ජනතා මතයට ආණ්ඩුව ගරු කළ යුතුය

පසුගිය ඉරිදා රාත්‍රියේ විකාශනය වූ විශේෂ රූපවාහිනී වැඩසටහනකදී කතා කරමින් ඉන්දියාව සමඟ ඇතිකර ගැනීමට යෝජිත එට්කා ගිවිසුම ජනාධිපතිවරයාද අනුමත කළේය. ලංකාවට බරපතල ආනිසංශ ගණනාවක්ම ඇතිකරන මේ ගිවිසුම සම්බන්ධයෙන් තමන් ගන්නා ස්ථාවරය කුමක්දැයි ආණ්ඩුව තුළ සිටින සෑම ශ්‍රී ලංකා නිදහස් පක්‍ෂ සාමාජිකයෙකුටම වෙන වෙනම තීන්දු කිරීමට සිදුවනු ඇත. ඉන්දියාව සමඟ සීපා ගිවිසුම සඳහා සාකච්ඡා ආරම්භ කළේ පරණ ආණ්ඩුව යැයි ජනාධිපතිවරයා කී විට ඉන් අදහස් වූයේ මගේ ආණ්ඩුව නොවේ. සීපා ගිවිසුම සඳහා 2002 සාකච්ඡා ආරම්භ කළේ   රනිල් වික්‍රමසිංහ මහතාගේ යූඑන්පී ආණ්ඩුවයි. මගේ ආණ්ඩුව මේ සාකච්ඡා ඉදිරියට ගෙන නොගියේ සිපා ගිවිසුමට ජනතාව අතරින් එල්ල වූ විරෝධය නිසාය.

දැනට පවතින නිදහස් වෙළඳ ගිවිසුම යටතේ ඉන්දියාවෙන් ශ්‍රී ලංකාවට කිසිදු බාධාවකින් තොරව භාණ්ඩ  අපනයනය සිදුවුවත් ලංකාවෙන් ඉන්දියාවට භාණ්ඩ අපනයනය කිරීමේ දී ප්‍රමාණය සීමා කිරිම, බලපත්‍ර ක්‍රියාපටිපාටි, ප්‍රමිති සහතික පිළිනොගැනීම හා ඉන්දීය ප්‍රාන්ත ආණ්ඩුවලින් බදු පැනවීම වැනි විවිධ බාධා එල්ල වෙයි. ආණ්ඩුවට අප යෝජනා කර සිටින්නේ මේ දෙරට අතර වෙළඳ සම්බන්ධතාවය ඊලඟ අදියරට ගෙනයාමට පෙර පවතින නිදහස් වෙළඳ ගිවිසුමේ ගැටළු විසදිය යුතු බවයි. එට්කා ගිවිසුම යටතේ භාණ්ඩ පමණක් නොව සේවාවන්ද වෙළඳාම් වනු ඇත. නමුත් විවිධ වෘත්තීන් නියාමනයට අදාලව  ඉන්දියාවේත් ශ්‍රී ලංකාවේත් නීති පද්ධතිවල ඇති විෂමතා හේතුවෙන් ඉන්දීය වෘතිකයන්ට ලංකාව විවෘත වන අතර ලාංකීය වෘතිකයන්ට ඉන්දියාවේ දොර වැසෙන තත්වයක් ඇතිවිය හැකි බවට ලංකාවේ වෘතිකයන්ගේ සංගම් දැනටමත් අනතුරු අඟවා ඇත.

දෙරට අතර වෙළඳාම සම්බන්ධයෙන් නොවිසඳුනු ගැටළු ගණනාවක්ම තිබියදී නිශ්චිත වගන්ති සාකච්ඡා කිරීම පසුවට කල් දමා කඩිමුඩියේ “එට්කා රාමුව” නමින් ගිවිසුමකට අත්සන් තැබීම අතිශයින්ම වගකීම් විරහිත ක්‍රියාවක් බව කිව යුතුය. ඉන්දියාව සමඟ මෙවන් ගිවිසුමකට එළඹීම සාධාරණීකරනය කරමින් ජනාධිපතිවරයා පවසා සිටියේ ශ්‍රී ලංකා නිදහස් පක්‍ෂයේ ඇතැම් අය සිරිමා බණ්ඩාරනායක මැතිනිය ඉන්දියාවේ ගාන්ධි පවුල සමඟ ඇතිකරගෙන තිබූ මිත්‍රකම ගැන ප්‍රසංශාත්මකව කතාකරන අතරම වත්මන් ආණ්ඩුව එවැනි සම්බන්ධතාවයක් මෝඩි අගමැතිවරයා සමඟ පවත්වාගෙන යාමට විරුද්ධ වන බවයි. බණ්ඩාරණායක මැතිනියට මෙන්ම අනුර බණ්ඩාරනායක මහතාටත් රජිව් ගාන්ධි මහතා සමඟ කිට්ටු පුද්ගලික සම්බන්ධතාවයක් තිබුණත් ඔවුන් දෙපලම 1987 ඉන්දු ලංකා සාම ගිවිසුමකට සහයෝගය දැක්වූයේ නැත. මෙවැනි කාරණා වලදි කවුරුත් කටයුතු කල යුත්තේ ජාතික අවශ්‍යතාවය හැමවිටම පෙරදැරි කරගෙනය.

මෙම රූපවාහිනී සාකච්ඡාවේදී ව්‍යවස්ථා සංශෝධන ගැන අදහස් දක්වමින් ජනාධිපතිවරයා කියා සිටයේ දෙමළ ජනතාවගේ ප්‍රශ්න විසදීමට මූලිකත්වය දිය යුතු බවයි. අගමැතිවරයාද දැන් බලය බෙදීම ගැන කතා කරනු අපට ඇසේ. නමුත් වත්මන් ආණ්ඩුව බලයට ගෙන ආ ඊනියා යහපාලන ව්‍යාපාරයේ ප්‍රධානම සටන් පාඨය වූයේ විධායක ජනාධිපති ක්‍රමය අහෝසි කිරීමයි. දෙවැනියට වැදගත් වූයේ මැතිවරණ ක්‍රමය සංශෝධනය කිරීමයි. එම නිසා මා නැවත වරක් අවධාරණය කර සිටින්නේ ව්‍යවස්ථා සංශෝධන ක්‍රියාවලිය තුළ විධායක ජනාධිපති ක්‍රමය අහෝසි කිරීමටත්, මැතිවරණ ක්‍රමය සංශෝධනය කිරීමටත් මුල්තැන දී බලතල බෙදීම වැනි මතභේදයට තුඩුදිය හැකි කාරණා පසුව සලකා බැලිය යුතු බවයි. තමන් විසින්ම ගොඩ නැගූ ජනමතයටවත් යහපාලන ආණ්ඩුව ගරු කළ යුතුය යන්න මගේ අදහසයි.

මා විදේශ ණය සම්බන්ධයෙන් මීට පෙර නිකුත් කළ ප්‍රකාශයකට ප්‍රතිචාර දක්වමින් මුදල් ඇමතිවරයා අවස්ථා කීපයකදීම මාධ්‍යට අදහස් දක්වමින් මත්තල ගුවන්තොටුපළ හා හම්බන්තොට වරායේ වියදම ඩොලර් මිලියන 190 ක් හා ඩොලර් මිලියන 426 ක් හැටියට මා සඳහන් කර තිබුණත් ආණ්ඩුවේ වාර්තා වලට අනුව ඒවායේ සැබෑ වියදම් ඩොලර් මිලියන 210ක් හා 1,300 ක් හැටියට සඳහන් වන බවත් මෙය සැක කටයුතු වෙනසක් බවත් කියා සිටියේය. මත්තල ගුවන්තොටුපළේ මුළු වියදම ඩොලර් මිලියන 210කි. ඒ සඳහා චීන එක්සිම් බැංකුවෙන් ඩොලර් මිලියන 190ක ණයක් ලැබුණු අතර ඉතිරි මුදල ලංකාවේ ආණ්ඩුව විසින් දැරිය යුතු කොටසයි. අපි පසුගිය වතාවේදී කතා කළේ විදෙස් ණය ගැන පමණකි. හම්බන්තොට වරායේ පළමු අදියරේ මුළු වියදම ඩොලර් මිලියන 501 ක් වූ අතර ඉන් 15% ක් වරාය අධිකාරිය ගෙවන ලදී. එවිට විදෙස් ණය ප්‍රමාණය ඩොලර් මිලියන 426ක් පමණ වේ. හම්බන්තොට වරායේ වියදම ඩොලර් මිලියන 1,300ක් යැයි මුදල් ඇමතිවරයා කියන්නේ ඩොලර් මිලියන 808ක වියදමින් 2012 දී ආරම්භ කර තවමත් අවසන් කර නැති දෙවන අදියර ද එකතු කිරීමෙනි.

මා කළින් කියා සිටි ආකාරයටම 2015 මාර්තු සිට වත්මන් ආණ්ඩුව ඇමරිකානු ඩොලර් මිලියන 6,361 ක් ණයට ගෙන තිබෙන බව ඇමතිවරුන් දෙදෙනෙක්ම මාධ්‍ය ඉදිරියේ පිළිගත් අතර මේ ණය ගැනීමට සිදු වූයේ මාගේ ආණ්ඩුව විසින් අධික පොළියට ගත් ණය ගෙවා දැමීමට බව කියා සිටියේය. මගේ ආණ්ඩුව විසින් ගත් දිගු කාලීන ව්‍යාපෘති ණය සෑමවිටම පාහේ ලබා ගත්තේ 2% කට හෝ ඊට අඩු පොළියකටය. එම නිසා ඒවා ගෙවීමට ණය ගැනීමට අවශ්‍ය නැත. මීට දින කිහිපයකට පෙර ආණ්ඩුව තවත් සංවර්ධන බැඳුම්කර නිකුතුවකින් ඩොලර් මිලියන 375 ක් ලබා ගත්තේය. ඊයේ ඉන්දියාවෙන් අනුමත වූ ඩොලර් මිලියන 700 ක මාස තුනෙන් කල් පිරෙන මූල්‍ය ඒකක හුවමාරු ණයත් සමඟ 2015 මාර්තු සිට අද දක්වා මේ ආණ්ඩුව ඩොලර් මිලියන 7,436 ක විදේශ ණය ලබාගෙන තිබේ. ඉන් ඩොලර් මිලියන 3,298 ක් මේ අවුරුද්ද (එනම් 2016) තුළම ගෙවීමට සිදු වේ. ආණ්ඩුව මේ ආකාරයට ණය ගන්නේ කළින් ආණ්ඩුවල ණය ගෙවීමට නොව තමන් විසින්ම කිසිදු වගවිභාගයකින් හා කළමණාකරනයකින් තොරව ගත් කෙටි කාලීන ණය ගෙවා දැමීමටය.

මහින්ද රාජපක්‍ෂ
හිටපු ජනාධිපති

ECTA Indian invasion: Gopalaswamy Mahendraraja (Mahattaya) of LTTE was a RAW agent… who else?

March 30th, 2016

Shenali D Waduge

Prabakaran was made in India and so was the LTTE and all other Tamil militant groups too. That’s a fact. India created Prabakaran the LTTE leader not for him to help Tamils realize their dream of a homeland but to shoulder India’s headache from Tamil Nadu while destabalizing Sri Lanka until India was prepared to take care of the frills to incrementally annex Sri Lanka. We now see that happening with the moves to sign the ECTA, changing the constitution to enable a re-merging of North & East and allowing a devolution set up towards eventual separatism. All to India’s benefit. The Muslims have got whiff of this and we see formerly anti-Sinhala Muslim writers now coming out to warn their people. The professionals of Sri Lanka are attempting to do the same but just as Prabakaran realized infiltration has taken place, Inside LTTE Mahathaya his own relation (both from the fisher caste) turned into a RAW agent with a mission to assassinate Prabakaran and take over leadership. In the end he was caught and killed for leaking secrets to RAW. We need to now question how many among us are also Indian agents peddling the Indian expansionist agenda?

The importance of resurrecting Mahaththaya for this current political discussion is that it was he who was instrumental in setting up the political unit that was later promoted into a political party from which the present opposition leader hails. Mahaththaya was born Gopalaswamy Mahendraraja and was from Point Pedro. He joined LTTE in 1978 along with Kittu (Sathasivam Krishnakumar) and Raghu and became its deputy leader 10 years later. While Prabakaran was in India, it was Mahaththaya who led the LTTE. It was Mahaththaya who was delegated to negotiate with the Indian High Commission. It was he signed a 14 point agreement with Indian First Secretary (Political) on 28 Sept 1987.

He was also head of the People’s Front of Liberation Tigers in 1989 which was an idea set by India. The PFLT was created to obviously replace LTTE as a genuine democratic party. The party even applied for registration with the Commissioner of Elections. The party was inaugurated on 1 March 1990 in Vaharai, Batticoloa. It is said that Mahaththaya and President Premadasa had a good working relationship. It also came to light that Mahaththaya was also holding secret discussions with officers of RAW in Colombo. TULF leader Amirthalingam’s assassination is said to have been ordered by Mahaththaya as was the shooting of S Yogeswaran ex MP from Jaffna. Mahaththaya was also accused of betraying Kittu to the Indians and Sri Lankan intelligence agencies that led to Kittu’s death by suicide in January 1993.

He was soon accused of leaking information, arrested in 1993 and executed on 28 December 1994 along with some 257 other cadres loyal to Mahaththaya and a mass cremation was done (would this not constitute a war crime too). The execution was not known publicly but came out via Adele Balasingham’s book The Will to Freedom in 2001. Apparently the task of assassinating Prabakran was given to a former bodyguard of his who was in an Indian jail in Tamil Nadu and trained as main assassin.

The extent of RAW activity taking place in Sri Lanka’s North in the 1980s and 1990s can be clearly visualized from which we should now understand the extent of RAW activity presently.

http://www.atimes.com/atimes/South_Asia/DI07Df01.html

There are some realities we need to now put in perspective.

If LTTE was a creation of India, so was Prabakaran and all other Tamil militant groups. It was also India that supplied the first free arms, ammunition and training. It was also India that whisked Prabakaran to safety when cornered by the Sri Lankan Forces in 1987 at Vadamarachchi. If thousands of people have died since 1987 as a result of Prabakaran the blame must go to India for had our forces caught Prabakaran the LTTE would have had to close shop in 1987 itself. It was also India that forced the signing of the Indo-Lanka Accord, the changing of Sri Lanka’s constitution and the introduction of the 13th amendment and the provincial council system and the amalgamation of two provinces on a bogus homeland theory. A small country like Sri Lanka does not need any federal set up on the lines of large nations like India and America. That Sri Lanka’s politicians lamely accepted the Indian googleys and stayed mum without arguing our cause legally and constitutionally we would not be saddled with India’s headaches.

The Indian headaches have included waves of illegal immigrants, the stealing of our fish, the poaching of our fish, ruining of our marine bed using illegal bottom trawlers by Indian fishermen, the indianization of Sri Lanka culturally, the arm-twisting methods used for signing agreements that give rise to wondering how many other Mahaththaya’s are among Sri Lanka’s politicians and other officials today. The current wave of troubles spell doom for Sri Lanka’s sovereignty for in tying up with the West’s geopolitical agenda, India is happily satisfying its historical goal to annex Sri Lanka for which the West has no issues because the West does not care two hoots about Sri Lanka’s history, heritage or our desire to protect our ancient traditions and customs. This is why ECTA will become Sri Lanka’s crucifixion for in signing this agreement we are agreeing to allow India to virtually invade Sri Lanka via business ventures and Indians who will run these ventures with Indians. We now have Indians controlling our oil, tea, despite better tenders from local firms the government has given the ambulance service to India, there are threewheelers with gps lined up to take the streets of Colombo with nicer vehicles and cheaper service which will immediately put 300,000 trishaws out of employment, likewise many other jobs of locals are likely to be lost. If people wake up and think of the scenarios they will better understand the long term dangers for the entire populace and realize that we are walking into handing over our freedom to a nation that had been conniving to ruin us from time immemorial.

We must also surely realize that all the new changes now taking place the ECTA, the road and rail link which India is anxiously wanting to fund, the various economic agreements, Indian High Commission a regular viceroy visiting all parts of the island and making inroads into Buddhist territory and the most important aspect of the new constitution will have India’s seal of approval and India’s influence with every word being drafted. The situation is this serious. How many amongst us realize the seriousness of the situation?

The silence of our politicians on these crucial issues makes any to wonder how many are foreign agents.

Shenali D Waduge

THE SANGHA AND ITS RELATION TO THE PEACE PROCESS IN SRI LANKA

March 30th, 2016

 A Report for the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs

This is detailed work carried out by Norwegians to rule over our Sangha.  It appears Ranil is trying to implement the recommendations from the report.

It is worth for the readers to know and I wish a legal mind could take a critical look at the report and warn the Sangha.

Iselin Frydenlund International Peace Research Institute, Oslo (PRIO) January 2005

CONTENTS INTRODUCTION …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..1
CHAPTER 1:THE SANGHA IN SRI LANKA………………………………………………………………………………………………………………3
CHAPTER 2: BUDDHISM, NATIONALISM AND THE SRI LANKAN STATE……………………………………………………………………..7
CHAPTER 3: BUDDHIST MONKS IN POLITICS………………………………………………………………………………………………………13
CHAPTER 4: ‘WE ALL WANT PEACE!’………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..17
CONCLUSION …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..33
LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..35

INTRODUCTION

SINCE THE INCEPTION of the Norwegian-facilitated peace process in Sri Lanka, 1 considerable criticism has been voiced against both Norway and the government of Sri Lanka. Within that critique, Buddhist monks, bhikkhus, have played and continue to play a central role, and many will no doubt recall the images of monks burning the Norwegian flag outside the Norwegian embassy in Colombo. 2 As recently as 24 November 2004, a demonstration outside the embassy in Colombo brought together thousands of Sri Lankans, including many monks, to demand Norway’s withdrawal from the peace process. We are thus led to ask, why are the monks so critical of the Sri Lankan peace process? And is this view representative of the Buddhist monastic order, the Sangha, as a whole?3 In examining these questions, the aim of this report will be to analyse the role of the Sangha in the ongoing peace process in Sri Lanka.

The main research questions the report will address are:

• What arguments for and against the peace process and a federal solution to the conflict in Sri Lanka have been advanced by Buddhist monks?
• Who are the most important actors in the ongoing debate about the peace process?
• In what ways can Buddhist monks be peace promoters in Sri Lanka?

(This last question opens up for possible policy recommendations.) Numerous books and articles of a general nature have been published on monks and politics, or on religious nationalism, in Sri Lanka. However, specific facts, names and places are not so easily obtained. Therefore, the present report aims to provide an overview of the crucial actors and the main political themes on the contemporary scene (i.e. during 2004). As a historian of religion, it is not my role to normatively evaluate the Sangha. 4 Rather, the report aims to increase understanding of the plurality of views regarding the peace process to be found among Buddhist monks in Sri Lanka. The background for this project lies in my own personal academic interest in religion and politics in Sri Lanka, which grew out of a longer period of fieldwork in the southern part of the country at the time when Norway’s role as facilitator in the peace process was first made public (2000). This interest coincided with a desire on the part of the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MFA) to acquire knowledge about the Sangha and its relation to the peace process. 5

Read the full report

http://www.lankaweb.com/news/items16/FrydenlundThe%20Sangha%20and%20its%20Relation%20to%20the%20Peace%20Process%20PRIO%20Paper%202005.pdf

The other side  of  the historical facts of   “The Crucifixion and  Resurrection of  Jesus- the Historical Facts by Dr. V.J.M de Silva ”

March 30th, 2016

By Charles.S.Perera

This is to state what is controversial  of the metaphysical implications of the historical facts as  V.J.M.de Silva  states in his article  in the Island of  24 March,2016.

I liked reading the article, because Dr. V.J.M. de Silva writes what he believes  to assure himself  of his faith, without  forgetting the controversial issues which an ordinary  Christian will not pay heed to lest he would be disappointed, “ ..blessed are those who have not seen, but yet believed.”

There is no problem accepting a historical Jesus. Crucifixion of Jesus is not a debated issue. But the problem is in accepting a God let alone a historical one. That is important as it is to that God in the Holy Bible  that the New Testament  turns to give Jesus a paternity.  Therefore more than the resurrection the selling of Jesus for 30 pieces of silver by his beloved disciple Judas Iscariot  is more relevant  as a corner of Christian faith.

If not for that betrayal, there would not have been  a resurrection.  It is to push their own point of view as historical and correct that  the Christian writers  take such  painful efforts to deny other probable historical facts as incorrect  insinuations against Christianity.

The disciples willingness to die  for the truth of resurrection cannot be adduced  as  historical proof  of the appearance of Jesus after Crucifixion, as we know that there are many who actually die  to prove their love for God. Could that be taken as proof of the “historical” existence of a loving God ?

At least one amoung the disciples did not believe in the truth of resurrection .  Disciple Thomas was an ordinary man  not naïve and easily tricked. When his friends said that Jesus had appeared to them he refused to believe, and the writer of the New Testament cleverly makes Jesus appear in to the room through the locked door to face the group of disciples,  to   tell Thomas that “ … blessed are those  who have not seen and yet have believed.”  That is what the writers of the New Testament want all faithful Christians to do-to believe without questioning what appears to be improbable.

More than  a historical Jesus, the question is why  it  was necessity for a  “Jesus”  to affirm Christian faith, when there was the  God Almighty , unless of course there  was a problem with the God of the  Bible, who was only the God of the Jews the Israelites.  The rest of the Europeans could not claim God as theirs or of everyone as  God had his chosen people and turned away from others.

Therefore, is it not correct to assume that to correct this anomaly the rest of the Europeans down from early Romans had to move away from the  Bible as the Old Testament, and accept the story of the New Testament giving the God of the Bible a son to create a whole  European Christian faith around him ?

Even the empty grave cannot be made a historical issue without making it a part of the  miracle of resurrection. Because it is said that  “Christianity would never have got off the ground if Jesus’  corpse was still in the tomb.  All that the Roman and Jewish authorities had to do, was to go to the tomb and view the corpse and debunk the resurrection.” See how well the Greek writers of the New Testament had imagined  to meet every possible arguments against casting doubt about their story.

The Israelites do not accept that the God had a son, nor do the Muslims as a matter of fact accept Jesus as the  son of God.  There is so much to explain but my intention is not to prove one and disprove the other but  to  speak of the thoughts that arose in my mind as I read the Bible and the New Testament in search of an existing God.

Early Greeks and Romans had no God,  Zeus was their God. But it was the later Roman Piso family that got  the New Testament written  in Greek,  trying to distance the God of the Bible and accept Jesus as their saviour to make it a spring board for a new Christian faith for non Israelite Europeans.  The New Testament was written 100 to 300 years after the death of Jesus.

That was convenient for conquering European nations, beginning with later Romans to take with them a new faith to replace those of the conquered people. Historical Jesus was a man born to a man and a woman-Joseph and Mary. Those days the men lived for a long time, and they may therefore have had strong spermatozoid.  Abraham was 100 when  Sarah conceived Isaac.  Mary was perhaps 12 or  13 when she gave birth to Jesus, and Joseph was 100 years.

There is therefore good reason to believe Joseph was the father of Jesus. The Roman writers of the New Testament had  to make Jesus the son of God and wrote passionately about an  immaculate conception. The New Testaments uses miracles – 37 of them  reported to have been performed by Jesus to make the faithful believe he was  the son of God. Jesus raised his friend Lazarus from the dead.  He turned water into wine  so on and so forth. There had to be miracles performed by Jesus to prove to the faithful he was the son of God.

But God who created man in his own image never showed himself to man.  When Moses asked God to show himself to him, the God said no man can  see his  face and live.  When the Christians say they believe in God, what they say is they believe in the Prophets, because the God of the Bible did not speak to any one directly.  He spoke through his prophets.

There were about 72 prophets in the Bible.  And it is only through them that God “spoke” to the faithful.   The God did not appear directly to the prophets either , but spoke to them only in  visions and in dreams.  Therefore the faithful have to believe the Prophets to believe that the God appeared to them in their visions or in their dreams.  If they do not believe the Prophets they cannot believe in a God.  Therefore what Christians believe are the Prophets.

It is to the credit of Dr. de Silva that  he  mentions, “….The metaphysical implications of these historical facts are no doubt controversial. Christians accept this as a miracle. Once God’s existence is accepted as a possibility, miracle cannot be dismissed out of hand; they become matters for investigation.” He writes to the  Christian faithful and not to convert or convince others of the truth about Christianity.

But  I disagree when he says that, “Ancient people rellied on verbal transmissions for passing along what happened, until it was written down. When there is a long interval between the occurrence of events and their recording, distortions  could easily occur. This cannot be said of the Christian gospels.”  This depends on how verbal  transmissions had been organised, there is atleast one  religion which  has its religious philosophies intact despite verbal transmission.

Then there is also the Swoon theory referred to by  Dr. de Silva, according to which, “ Jesus did not die on the cross, but was taken for dead, and later recovered. …….It was first propounded by the anti-Christian philosopher Celsus I the 2nd Century AD….”

But one important fact about the New Testament and the life of Jesus have been carefully left out by our learned writer.  It is the missing years of Jesus. The New Testament  is completely silent on the 18 lost of years of Jesus or the so called hidden years of the life of Jesus of Nazareth.  The ministry of Jesus lasted only for three years, that is  from his thirtieth year to the 33rd.

What Dr. de Silva had left out  is perhaps historical evidence of Jesus of Nazareth spending his “ lost years in the New Testament” in a Hindu Temple  Jaganath in Puri and then in a Buddhist Monastery in  Himalayas in Ladakh, India where there is said to  be  written evidence in an ancient scroll “The life of Saint Issa, the Best of the Sons of Men”which  answers the questions on the missing years of,Jesus. This  ancient scroll  some say mysteriously disappeared later. Issa is how Jesus had been called in the Muslim and Hindu worlds.

This ancient scroll has even mentioned how Jesus had exhorted the Hindus to stop worshipping idols and give up the Caste system. Has that journey of Jesus to the East  been conveniently omitted from the New Testament ?

http://www.huffingtonpost.com/paul-davids/jesus-lost-years-may-fina_b_179513.html

 

 


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