Statement by Sri Lanka -delivered by H.E. Mr. Ravinatha P. Aryasinha Ambassador / Permanent Representative of Sri Lanka to the 25th Session of the Human Rights Council
Posted on March 27th, 2014

The Permanent Mission of Sri Lanka to the United Nations and other International Organizations in Geneva

Mr. President,

Anyone unaware of the ground situation in Sri Lanka walking into the Human Rights Council today could not be blamed for thinking that Sri Lanka is the most troubled place on this planet. However, as you are aware, Sri Lanka is clearly not an urgent situation that warrants the Council’s continued attention.

Draft resolution HRC/25/L.1/Rev.1 is the third consecutive resolution presented by the US against Sri Lanka in this Council in the past three years.  It is presented without the consent of Sri Lanka as the country concerned.  It is presented in spite of Sri Lanka’s continuous engagement with the UN and the Council as acknowledged by countries across regions. It is presented in spite of continued and tangible progress demonstrated by Sri Lanka on the ground in addressing issues related to the reconciliation process including accountability, within the framework of Sri Lanka’s domestic reconciliation process.

Five years since the end of terrorism and the conclusion of the conflict however, unprecedented attention is being paid to Sri Lanka within this Council and on its sidelines. Many countries have questioned and continue to question the real motives and imperatives behind what is clearly politicised action against Sri Lanka in the Council.

It is an established principle of International Law that parties seeking remedy for a perceived grievance must exhaust all possible avenues within the domestic jurisdiction, prior to seeking redress in the international arena.  Therefore, the State where the alleged violation occurred should have an opportunity to redress it by its own means, and exhaust the framework of its domestic system, before recourse to an international mechanism. It is ironic that with extensive domestic mechanisms in place, a resolution has been brought before the Council. This amounts to an infringement of state sovereignty and pre-judgment of the outcome of domestic processes.

Thus, the draft resolution before this Council, if adopted will not only constitute a serious breach of International Law, but create a dangerous precedent in the conduct of international relations within the established global order of sovereign States and could pose a grave threat to the sovereignty and independence of Member States of the United Nations, which is enshrined in the UN Charter.

Mr. President,

The determination and compulsion of the proponents of the draft resolution to consistently act against the interests of the Sri Lankan people despite the Government’s demonstration of continued progress in the reconciliation process, as well as its commitment to cooperation with the UN is a matter of serious concern for my Government.  Singling out Sri Lanka for disproportionate and undue attention in this Council, where such action is unwarranted, is a violation of the basic principles which guide engagement among states.

Mr. President,

The draft resolution has also shifted the parametres of the current draft from previous resolutions 19/2 and 22/1, to incorporate new issues which essentially remain at the level of general allegations, both unsubstantiated and uncorroborated.  This is evident in the change in title itself, which now has the addition of ‘human rights’, presumably with a view to expanding the scope of the resolution from the past to the present and the future, with no rationale to do so and in order to the serve the vested interests of a few.  Such arbitrary shifting of parametres is unacceptable.

Mr. President,

In terms of content, the draft resolution is highly intrusive and politicised, and does not give due regard or recognition to significant progress made by Sri Lanka in different aspects of the reconciliation process, or to the domestic mechanisms underway.  There is even distortion of specific events, such as the incident in Weliweriya which is projected as an attack against unarmed protestors when the High Commissioner’s Report itself projects it differently, and has acknowledged that the protest ‘had turned violent’.  There is also no basis for the erroneous reference to election-related violence and intimidation in relation to the Northern Provincial Council, given the positive reports on the conduct of the election filed by international election observers.  The outcome of the election itself which resulted in the Tamil National Alliance (TNA) party garnering 80% of the vote is testimony to its democratic conduct.

There are also allegations in the draft to ‘sexual and gender based violence’, reports of intimidation and retaliation of civil society, violence against religious minorities, which are not substantiated by available facts or statistics.  Specific factual information refuting such allegations was provided by the Government in its “Comments” to the High Commissioner’s Report, where it was also pointed out that there is no specific information provided in her Report to substantiate such allegations.  Sri Lanka has zero tolerance for sexual and gender based violence, and has taken and will continue to take concrete action when complaints are made to law enforcement authorities.  Similarly, Sri Lanka has a vibrant civil society as is illustrated by their participation in successive Council sessions in Geneva including the current session. The Council also witnessed their active participation in informal negotiations on the draft resolution.  Similarly, in all reported incidents on places of worship of all four religions, the Government has taken prompt action to investigate such incidents and take judicial action.  The Government has not condoned any of these incidents or attacks at any point as is demonstrated through evidence.

The proponents of the resolution have chosen not to recognise that the National Plan of Action (NPoA) for the implementation of the recommendations of the LLRC has been formulated to address comprehensively the recommendations contained in the LLRC Report.  The NPoA is sufficiently broad in scope, and also flexible in addressing issues as deemed necessary and relevant.  The request to further broaden the scope of the LLRC NPoA to adequately address all elements of the LLRC Report is therefore being made without adequate analysis of the contours of the NPoA.

Mr. President,

The Draft resolution is also partisan   in making a
special reference to the Northern Provincial Council when in effect the
13th Amendment accords a constitutionally enjoined parity of status
to all provincial councils. This Operative Paragraph is also inconsistent with the Preambular Paragraph which reaffirms that all Sri Lankans are entitled to the full enjoyment of their rights regardless of religion, belief or ethnicity, thus highlighting the contradictions inherent to the draft.

Today in Sri Lanka, the elected representatives of the Tamil people have a voice not only at the Centre but also at the provincial level, the TNA being the governing party in the Northern Provincial Council.  The very fact that elections have been held in the North and the TNA has gained power demonstrates that Sri Lanka is very much a vibrant, functioning democracy.  Just as the TNA, other sections of the Sri Lankan polity, be it Sinhala, Tamil, Muslim or from other communities, also have a voice, although it may be a voice which is not heard in this Council.  Such a multiplicity of views is the nature of a truly pluralistic society and a functioning democracy.

The attempt in the draft resolution to coercively introduce alternative parallel processes and mechanisms of truth seeking which remain unclarified and ill defined, will be counter-productive.  Most importantly, the allegation of the absence of a credible domestic process to address issues of accountability is not borne out by evidence, given the range of processes under implementation within the framework of the reconciliation process, including the LLRC, of which this Council has been briefed in detail by my delegation.  My Minister of External Affairs in his statement to the High Level Segment of the current session elaborated in detail on the reconciliation process with specific reference to processes and mechanisms underway.

Mr. President,

We are  also surprised by the procedural anomalies and irregularities committed through this draft resolution, as voiced by many countries cross regionally during informal negotiations on the text, as well as the factual inaccuracies contained therein.  The draft if adopted will set a dangerous precedent allowing some states to bypass the established method of work and engagement of the Council, thus bringing the credentials and legitimacy of the Council into question.

The draft resolution in its key Operative Paragraph vests the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights with an investigative mandate in violation of the HRC resolution 60/251 and the IB package.  In addition to not having the mandate to conduct an investigation, the OHCHR also does not have the capacity or the resources to do so.  This Operative Paragraph also contains lack of clarity in reference to ‘relevant experts’, thus deceptively opening the door to third party elements in the guise of an investigation by the OHCHR.  The reference to an international investigation mechanism is clear though crafted in ambiguous language which could be open to interpretation.  The budgetary implications in the implementation of the mechanism envisaged in the draft resolution are also of interest, considering that mandated activities need to be carried out through the regular budget. Specificity of mandated activity is therefore a prerequisite with regard to the budget. Additionally, this Operative Paragraph which requests the OHCHR to conduct an independent investigation is mutually inconsistent with Operative Paragraph 2 which calls upon the Government of Sri Lanka to conduct an independent and credible investigation into alleged violations. This again shows up the inherent contradictions contained in this draft.

Mr. President,

By a deliberate failure to specify a time period in Operative Paragraph 10 (b), the draft resolution may confine its ambit between 2002 and 2009, by adopting a narrower interpretation of the period covered by the LLRC, thus completely excluding the atrocities and violations of international human rights and international humanitarian law committed by the LTTE prior to 2002.  Though the mandate of the LLRC refers to a period between 21 February 2002 and 19 May 2009, it may be noted that the Commission in its Report states, that the facts and circumstances which led to the failure of the Cease Fire Agreement operationalized in February 2002, have also been considered in the preparation of the Report.  The Commission recognized in paragraph 1.22 of Chapter 1 of the LLRC Report that the causes underlying the grievances of different communities had its genesis in the period prior to the timeframe referred to in the warrant. The Commission accordingly provided a degree of flexibility to the representers in this regard.  In the circumstances, it is contended that Operative Paragraph 10 (b) of the draft resolution as it is presently constituted is structured in such a partisan manner as to exclude the alleged atrocities committed over the entire duration of the conflict.

Mr. President,

This violation of established methods of work of the Council, as well as the deliberate lack of clarity of language in key Operative Paragraphs set a dangerous precedent with wider relevance to all member and observer states of this Council.  If the Council is to maintain its credibility, it is incumbent upon all members to take note of such procedural irregularities and halt their continuation through the clear rejection of resolutions such as this.

The trajectory that has emerged with regard to action on Sri Lanka in the Council reflects the preconceived, politicized and prejudicial agenda which has been relentlessly pursued with regard to the country. It may be recalled that just a week following the defeat of terrorism in Sri Lanka, on 26th May 2009, at the 11th Special Session on Sri Lanka, the High Commissioner in the first instance, called for “an independent and credible international investigation”, which was subsequently reiterated at regular intervals.

Mr. President,

The irony is that measures such as this coercive and non-consensual resolution, wholly ignores the sentiments of those other sections of the Sri Lankan people, and their legitimate aspirations with regard to peace and reconciliation.  It is precisely for this reason Mr. President, that the prescriptive solutions advocated in this draft resolution, would be unsustainable and politically untenable.

It is in this context that we are disappointed to observe that a key imperative driving this resolution is not genuine concern for the welfare of the Sri Lankan people but electoral compulsions of some States at the behest of certain extreme elements with links to the LTTE.  Such biases and extreme ideologies ignore the ground realities, the legitimate aspirations of the Sri Lankan people, and trivialize the price paid by all Sri Lankans to defeat a 30-year brutal terrorist conflict and consolidate peace.

Before this Council takes a decision on the draft resolution, I wish to appeal to the conscience of the member States. Sri Lanka has embarked upon a painstaking process of reconciliation and nation building, 5 years since the end of the brutal conflict lasting almost 3 decades, waged by the LTTE.

Irrespective of the outcome of today’s decision , I wish to categorically state that the democratically elected Government of Sri Lanka, and indeed all peace loving people  in my country will never countenance any return of armed conflict or terrorism.

Therefore, Sri Lanka categorically and unreservedly rejects this draft resolution, as it challenges the sovereignty and independence of a Member State of the UN, violates the principles of international law, based on profoundly flawed premises, and is inimical to the interests of the people of Sri Lanka.

I wish to reiterate the Government’s firm resolve and commitment to continue its ongoing process of reconciliation and nation building, which is solely based on the best interests of the people of Sri Lanka, and is a home grown process.  Let me assure the Council that Sri Lanka will remain steadfast in its consistent position of cooperation with the international community and the United Nations.

Mr. President,

The Government of Sri Lanka therefore wishes to submit that the draft resolution before this Council today erodes the sovereignty of the people of Sri Lanka and the core values of the UN Charter, the Universal Declaration on Human Rights and the basic principles of law that postulate equality among all people.  I therefore request members of the Council to reject this resolution by a vote.

Thank you.

2 Responses to “Statement by Sri Lanka -delivered by H.E. Mr. Ravinatha P. Aryasinha Ambassador / Permanent Representative of Sri Lanka to the 25th Session of the Human Rights Council”

  1. SA Kumar Says:

    Well done India You Done it again !
    Have We (Chinhala Modayas & Demila Sakkiliayas) learned anything ? NO, Never any way …..

  2. Jayantha Says:

    I read this article this afternoon in DBS Jeyaraj Column.

    Crackdown on LTTE Colombo cell reveals plot to assassinate President Rajapaksa or his brother Gotabhaya

    28 March 2014, 1:59 pm

    20140328-135642.jpg by D.B.S.Jeyaraj

    Hectic events over the past few weeks in Sri Lanka have driven home three salient truths on the security front relating to the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) organization. The first is that tiger or pro-tiger elements in the Tamil Diaspora will persist with efforts to resurrect the LTTE and disrupt life in Sri Lanka. The second is that the Sri Lankan state will effectively respond to such a challenge regardless of international implications. The third is that the strongly entrenched security apparatus in the country is capable of cracking down hard on any such perceived LTTE revival attempt and crushing it.

    Last week saw this column focusing on the shooting incident in the Tharmapuram area of Kilinochchi district and subsequent events including the manhunt for an LTTE operative known as “Gobi” and the security crackdown on suspected attempts to revive the LTTE. What the country at large seems to have failed to comprehend is the seriousness of “what might have been” had not the security authorities countered the challenge posed.

    Though different shades of opinion in the political spectrum have either wittingly or unwittingly opted to trivialise the issue , the crux of the matter is that the attempt to revive the LTTE , if successful may have resulted in drastic consequences for the country. Thankfully the LTTE revival threat seems to have been effectively neutralised while in its embryonic stages for the present , though the security crackdown continues in some parts of the Island.

    According to reliable security related sources, the most important breakthrough in the probe into a potential LTTE renaissance was the detection of a conspiracy to execute a major assassination in Colombo. The target seems to have been either President Mahinda Rajapaksa or his brother Gotabhaya Rajapaksa the Secretary of Defence and Urban Development. The simple logic seems to have been this.

    COLOMBO

    The defence establishment has been lulled into a sense of false complacency due to the past years of LTTE inactivity in Colombo and the suburbs after the military debacle at Mullivaaikkaal in May 2009.Security measures in Colombo have been progressively relaxed. This has created a situation where it may be possible to mount an “operation” in Colombo utilising the element of surprise.

    Given the current weak state of the LTTE it would require a great deal of resources and organizational capacity to carry out even one attack in Colombo. Therefore chances of executing a single successful attack alone may be possible initially.Thereafter security authorities will be on full alert thereby diminishing possibilities of another attack.

    Under such circumstances it would be pointless to attack comparatively easier soft targets as the alerted authorities will crack down hard thereby negating chances of further operations. As such the opportunity to attack must be utilised against a very high profile target. If softer targets are hit earlier the security around such high profile key targets would be strengthened. Breaching such “security walls” would be impossible for the revived LTTE that is actually embryonic in Sri Lanka. In that context the targets should be very very important persons. The President and his brother fit this target description perfectly.

    Besides the targeting of either the President or the defence secretary would help the LTTE derive maximum political mileage. Demonstrating the ability to take on such powerful targets has great symbolic value and would re-capture the diminishing support base of the LTTE amidst the global Tamil Diaspora. It would also prove to the world that the LTTE is not a spent force. Also Mahinda and Gotabhaya Rajapaksa are virulently hated by tiger elements after the LTTE was militarily defeated. Harming either of the two would warm the hearts of many a diehard supporter in the Diaspora and fill the LTTE coffers abundantly.

    BACKLASH

    It would also demoralise the country and throw into disarray the politico-administrative equilibrium. A process of de-stabilisation could set in. Moreover in the volatile atmosphere that is likely to prevail in the aftermath of such an attack, a backlash might occur against the Tamil people. A recurrence of anti-Tamil violence in the Island is what the tigers, pro-tigers and supportive fellow travellers are yearning for. The attack if successful may have caused exactly such a violent backlash against the Tamil people.

    Targetting the upper echelons of leadership has always been part of the LTTE modus operandi in the past. If the tigers want to render an organization or entity ineffective, defunct or coerce it into toeing the LTTE line, they do not target the rank and file. Instead they go for the leader or top tier of leadership particularly the livewires who make the organization tick. Thereafter the entity concerned becomes non-operational, ineffective or falls in line. This has been the LTTE practice in the past when dealing with organizations they want to either control ,destroy or render impotent.

    Militarily too the LTTE has adopted this strategy effectively until perhaps the post -2005 period. Earlier the LTTE that was relatively weaker than the armed forces in manpower and firepower in a general context would seek to remedy that state of affairs in a particular context by adopting this strategy. It would select a key military target, mobilise maximum resources and attack it utilising the element of surprise. This successful attack would cause consternation and result in consequent over estimation of the LTTE military prowess. This in turn paved the way for demoralization to set in amidst the armed forces.

    The LTTE adopted this strategy successfully when it attacked the Eelam Peoples Revolutionary Liberation Front(EPRLF) in December 1986. The LTTE being relatively stronger than the EPRLF in the North vanquished them by launching simultaneous attacks on the northern EPRLF camps. In the East it was the EPRLF that outnumbered the LTTE and was also more widespread. There was a great disparity of strength with the EPRLF having the advantage.

    HEADCAMPS

    The LTTE however outsmarted the EPRLF by harnessing its limited resources and selectively targeting the three head camps of the EPRLF in the three Eastern districts. The tigers launched simultaneous attacks against the EPRLF head camps at Thambiluvil, Kokkattichoalai and Saambaltheevu in the districts of Amparai,Batticaloa and Trincomalee respectively. With the overrunning of the three head camps the rest of the EPRLF though large in numbers became virtually headless chickens.

    The plans in the pipeline to target the President and Defence secretary are also illustrative of past LTTE modus operandi.The tigers battered and shattered in Sri Lanka after 2009 were now in the process of attempting a revival. Given the inadequate assets at their disposal, Gobi the mastermind behind the LTTE resurgence in Sri Lanka also envisaged the targeting of Mahinda or Gotabhya Rajapaksa in a Colombo based attack. Fortunately such a deadly objective has been detected and nipped in the bud while the plot was in an evolutionary stage.

    Knowledgeable circles indicate that the proposed safe house in Colombo to be used as a launching pad for the envisaged attack has been identified and raided. This safehouse apparently was a bakery establishment in Dehiwela. Twelve persons connected to the premises were taken into custody. All of them are being held under provisions of the prevention of terrorism act(PTA).Ten are detained at Boosa while two are being intensively interrogated on the second floor at the Police Terrorism Investigation Division(TID)headquarters in Colombo.

    DEHIWELA

    A few of those arrested on the Bakery premises are apparently innocent being totally unaware of the diabolical designs of the others involved as the LTTE generally functions on a need to know basis. It appears that the Colombo connection of the revived LTTE is now de-activated after the mopping up at Dehiwela.

    Ongoing investigations have revealed that the lynchpin in the entire exercise of reviving the LTTE in Sri Lanka inclusive of establishing a Colombo cell in Dehiwela is Gobi whose full name is Ponniah Selvanayagam Kajeeban.He is known by the nom de guerre Gobi and the nom de plume Kaasiyan. As stated earlier this 31 year old six-footer of medium complexion with a scar on his left upper lip had been living in the Tharmapuram area of Kilinochchi district and functioning as a heavy vehicle driver. Kajeeban alias Gobi had been formerly an LTTE intelligence wing functionary under the dreaded Shanmugalingam Sivasangaran alias Pottu Ammaan. Kajeeban had surrendered at the end of the war and been accommodated at the Protective Accommodation and Rehabilitation Centre (PARC) at Poonthottam in Vavuniya.

    It is suspected that Gobi exited from the Poonthottam camp with the aid of a Tamil member of the ruling regime and made his way to Saudi Arabia and not Quatar as I had mistakenly written last week.. After working for a while in that country Kajeeban alias Gobi made his way to Europe. He had travelled widely in Europe and gone also to Norway. It is now suspected that Gobi had met with prominent LTTE activists in Europe including the low-profile high-ranking leader Nediyavan and his senior deputy Irumborai during his European sojourn. He had been tasked by Nediyavan and Irumborai to revive the tigers in Sri Lanka.

    DRIVER

    He had then returned to Sri Lanka and started working as an owner- driver of a heavy vehicle. Gobi has his own vehicle that he hires out and functions as its driver. This provides him a cover to travel frequently to Colombo and also to towns such as Mullaithivu, Vavuniya, Kilinochchi and Jaffna.His wife and mother who were taken in for questioning deny all knowledge of his whereabouts and say that he has been living separately away from them.

    Security circles opine that Gobi has been entrusted with the task of reviving the LTTE in the North. They regard Gobi with the “simpleton” looking appearance as extremely dangerous because he is a zealot fired up by a political vision and sense of mission. Gobi is perceived as a highly motivated person because he has turned his back on an opportunity to lead a safe comfortable life in Europe and instead has voluntarily returned home to undertake a potentially hazardous and dangerous task.

    Gobi is also seen as armed and dangerous. Initially he came under the security radar for the relatively “mild” offence of publishing and circulating pro-LTTE leaflets hailing the tigers as Tamil guardians. The arrest of two youths distributing such leaflets in Pallai in the first week of March and subsequent inquiries brought up the name of Gobi. The security forces were on the lookout for Gobi but did not suspect initially that he was masterminding a LTTE renaissance in the North with backing from the Nediyavan led Diaspora tigers. It was the shooting incident at Tharmapuram in the house of Jeyakumari Balendra which alerted the security sleuths to the true nature of Gobi. (This incident was described in detail last week).

    Current Investigations have indicated that Gobi had set up four cells in the North and one in Colombo to execute plans aiming at a LTTE revival. The bulk of those coopted into the nascent tiger network are either ex-tigers or family members of former LTTE members. There is also evidence that funds from Diaspora LTTE operatives in three western countries have been channelled to Gobi’s “agents” in the North.

    OPERATIONS

    The security forces in association with anti-terrorism sleuths are currently engaged in a series of widespread operations in different parts of the North. Hundreds of persons mainly youths from both sexes have been rounded up and interrogated. The bulk of those rounded up were released after some hours. Over fifty persons were detained under the PTA and questioned. Several of these persons too have been released. It is learnt that over 30 persons are currently being detained and interrogated. This figure however is fluid as some are being released while others are being arrested anew.

    Informed security related sources are confident that they have been able to neutralise the “revived” LTTE through the ongoing heavy crackdown. They vehemently deny that Gobi has been apprehended but express confidence that he would be nabbed soon. The possibility of Gobi committing suicide if and when on the verge of being captured is also not ruled out by security circles.

    Further details of the crackdown on suspected tigers as well as the progress of the ongoing investigation into alleged LTTE activity will be outlined in a forthcoming article.

    DBS Jeyaraj can be reached at [email protected]

    GOSL should go on a search and destroy of any and all LTTE cells and sympathizers.

    JP/USA

Leave a Reply

You must be logged in to post a comment.

 

 


Copyright © 2018 LankaWeb.com. All Rights Reserved. Powered by Wordpress