Posted on August 18th, 2014
Buddhism enlightened humanity twenty-five centuries ago and released from all bondages, superstitious practices.Buddha is honoured today by every cultured and intelectual man irrespective of whatever religion he may profess, while the founders of most of the religions are honoured only by their followers. Not only those who belong to some religions but also so-called free thinkers respect this world honoured Supreme Enlightened One. From the historical point of view there never lived any other Teacher who has ever given so much religious freedom as well as due credit to humanity. Before the advent of the Buddha, religion had been owned and monopolized only by a certain section of the society. The Buddha was the Teacher in history who indiscriminately opened the gate of religion to each and every man society. The Buddha has advised his followers to cultivate and develop the latent power of man and showed him how to make the best use of his willpower and intelligence without being a slave to an unknown being to find eternal hapiness which He proclaimed to the world through His own experience but not through theories, mere beliefs and traditional practices. His teaching is such that anyone can practice it without having any religious brand.Various statements made by eminent philosophers, scholars, historians, scientists, writers, religious dignitaries, social reformers and politicians who are well-known to the modern-world as most intellectual people opined about Buddha. Among them many are non-Buddhist and free thinkers. According to them, Buddhism is the most practical and rational which will apeal to scientific knowledge and which really can do a better service to mankind if the followers practise this religion properly.It therefore gives me great pleasure to present these valuable quotations extracted from various books and articles. Whatever may be the opinion of those who have given Buddhism the topmost place in the religious field, the compiler by quoting them, does not mean to belittle other religious beliefs, for the idea of publishing this book is not to show the superiority of Buddhism over other beliefs but on the contrary to reflect the unbiased views expressed by various intellectuals.Bertrand Russell, ” Why I am not a Christian”Buddha was the embodiment of all virtues he preached. During his successful and eventful ministry of 45 years he translated all his words into action; and in no place did he give vent to any human frailty, or any base passion. The Buddha?s moral code is the most perfect which the world has ever known.– Prof. Max Muller, German Scholar

This is the blossom on our human tree
Which opens in many a myriad years
But opened, fills the world with wisdom?s scent
And love?s dropped honey.

– Sir Edwin Arnold, “Light of Asia”Buddha is nearer to us. You see clearly a man, simple, devout, lonely, battling for light, a vivid human personality, not a myth. Beneath a mass of miraculous fable I feel that there also was a man. He too, gave a message to mankind universal in its character. Many of our best modern ideas are in closest harmony with it. All the miseries and discontents of life are due, he taught, to selfishness. Selfishness takes three forms ? one, the desire to satisfy the senses; second, the craving for immortality; and the third the desire for prosperity and worldliness. Before a man can become serene he must cease to live for his senses or himself.Then he merges into a great being. Buddha in a different language called men to self-forgetfulness five hundred years before Christ. In some ways he was nearer to us and our needs. Buddha was more lucid upon our individual importance in service than Christ, and less ambiguous upon the queation of personal immortality.– H.G. WellsMost Noble of MankindIf you desire to see the most noble of mankind, look at the king in beggar?s clothing; it is he whose sanctity is great among men.– Abdul Atahiya, A Muslim PoetBuddha?s MethodIf any question has to be considered, it has to be considered peacefully and democratically in the way taught by the Buddha.– NehruLunatic and a Sane ManThe difference between the Buddha and an ordinary man is like the difference between a sane man and a lunatic– A writerHomage to BuddhaLord Buddha could be very easily singled out as the one person known to man who received homage from the greatest number of mankind.-Prof. Saunders, Literary Secretary Y.M.C.A. India, Burma, CeylonBuddha?s MessageThe Buddha has been something greater than all doctrine and dogma, and his eternal message has thrilled humanity through the ages. Perhaps at no time in past history was his message of peace more needed for a suffering and distracted humanity than it is today.– NehruNegative Answer of The BuddhaIf we ask, for instance, whether the position of the electron remains the same, we must say ?no?; if we ask whether the electron?s position changes with time, we must say ?no?; if we ask whether it is in motion, we must say ?no?. The Buddha has given such answers when interrogated as to the conditions of a man?s self after his death; but they are not familiar answers for the tradition of seventeenth and eighteenth century science.– J. Robert OppenheimerWe are impressed by His spirit of ReasonWhen we read Buddha?s discourses, we are impressed by his spirit of reason. His ethical path has for its first step right views, a rational outlook. He endeavours to brush aside all cobwebs that interfere with mankind?s vision of itself and its destiny.– Dr. S Radhakrishnan,“Gautama The Buddha”Cool Head and Loving HeartThe most striking thing about the Buddha is almost a unique combination of a cool scientific head and profound sympathy of a warm and loving heart. The world today turns more and more towards the Buddha, for he alone represents the consience of humanity.– Moni Bagghee,“Our Buddha”Philosophic geniusThe Buddha was a pioneer as a lover of men, and a philosophic genius rolled into a single vigorous and radiant personality. He had things to say that no man or woman, after 2600 years of bustling and hustling and chattering round the fountain of knowledge, can afford to ignore. Greater perhaps than his wisdom was the example he set.-Moni Bagghee,“Our Buddha”He does not speak of sinSerenity of spirit and love for all sentient creation are enjoined by the Buddha. He does not speak of sin, but only of ignorance and foolishness which could be cured by enlightenment and sympathy.– Dr. S Radhakrisnan,“Gautama the Buddha”Buddha is like a physicianThe Buddha is like a physician. Just as a doctor must know the diagnosis of the different kinds of illness, their causes, the antidotes and remedies, and must be able to apply them, so also the Buddha has taught the Four Holy Truths which indicate the range of suffering, its origin, its cessation, and the way which lead to its cessation.– Dr. Edward Conze,“Buddhism”Buddha is for whole mankindThe Buddha is not a property of Buddhists only. He is the property of whole mankind. His teaching is common to everybody. Every religion, which came into existence after the Buddha, has borrowed many good ideas from the Buddha.– A Muslim ScholarA Wise FatherBuddha is one who sees his children playing in the consuming fire of worldliness and employs different expedients to bring them out of this burning house and lead them to the safe asylum of Nirvana.– Prof.Lakshimi Nasaru, “The Essence of Buddhism”Buddha is the wayI feel more and more that Sakyamuni is the nearest in character and effect to Him who is the Way, the Truth, and The Life.– Bishop MilmanA Radiant SunIn this world of storm and strife, hatred and violence, the message of the Buddha shines like a radiant sun. Perhaps at no time was that message more needed than in the world of atomic and hydrogen bombs. Two thousand five hundred years have only added to the vitality and truth of that message. Let us remember that immortal message and try to fashion our thoughts and actions in the light of the teaching. We may face with equanimity even the terrors of the atomic bomb age and help a little in promoting right thinking and right action.– NehruGreatest man ever bornHere is a teaching we can follow with confidence. Where in the world of religions, cults and creeds, can we find a master of such brilliance? In a pageant of stars he was a giant of the greatest magnitude. Little wonder that scientists, philosophers, and men of literature have proclaimed Him ?the Greatest man ever born?. The radiance of this great teacher goes through a world of suffering and darkness, like a beacon light to guide and illuminate mankind.– A European WriterFundamental Teachings of The BuddhaGentleness, serenity, compasion, through liberation from selfish-craving – are the fundamental teachings of the great Oriental religion of Buddhism.– E.A.Burtt, “The Compassionate Buddha”Buddha Dharma is like a bridge well built of flexible steel, it gives a little to wind and water, it adapts itself to changing circumstances, but at the same time it has secured foundations and offers a safe way to the Deathless, to Nirvana.– Phra Khantipalo,“Tolerance”To Awake the Human HeartSurely the mysteriously East, that fertile mother of religions, has given us in Buddhism a true revelation, since it makes known to us the moral beauty and purity that lies in the deep of human nature needing no other divinity than that which abides in the human heart to awake them into living glory.– Charles T.GorhamNothing to Surpass BuddhismBuddhist or not Buddhist, I have examined everyone of the great religious systems of the world, and in none of them have I found anything to surpass, in beauty and comprehensiveness, the Noble Eightford Path and the Four Noble Truths of the Buddha. I am content to shape my life according to that path.– Prof. Rhys DavidsBuddhism does not leas us to a Fool?s ParadiseBuddhism is realistic, for it takes a realistic view of life and the world. It does not falsely pull us into living in a fool?s paradis, nor does it frighten and agonize us with all kinds of imaginary fears and guilt-feelings. It calls us exactly and objectively what we are and what the world around us is, and shows us the way to perfect freedom, peace, tranquility and happiness.– Ven. Dr. W. RahulaThe mission of the Buddha was quite unique in it?s character, and therefore it stands quite apart from the many other religions of the world. His mission was to bring the birds of idealism flying in the air nearer to the earth, because the food for their bodies belonged to the earth.– Hazrat Inayat Khan,“The Sufi Message”A cosmic religionThe religion of the future will be a cosmic religion. It should transcend a personal God and avoid dogmas and theology. Covering both the natural and the spiritual, as a meaningful unity. Buddhism answers this description.– Albert EinsteinBuddhism will remain unaffectedThe doctrines of Buddha Dhamma stand today, as unaffected by the march of time and the expansion of knowledge as when they were first enunciated. No matter to what lengths increase scientific knowledge can extend man?s mental horizon, within the frame work of the Dhamma there is room for the acceptance and assimilation of the further discovery. It does not rely for it?s appeal upon limited concepts of primitive minds not for it?s power upon the negation of thought.– Francis Story ,”Buddhism as World ReligionJoyful religionBuddhism is quite opposed to the melancholic, sorrowful, petinent and gloomy attitude of mind which is considered a hindrance to the realization of Truth. On the other hand, it is interesting to remember here that joy is one of the seven ?Factors of Illumination?, the essential qualities to be cultivated for the realization of Nirvana.– Ven.Dr. W. Rahula, “What the Buddha Taught”Challenge to other religionsIt is Buddhismas we find it actually recorded, not hypothetical primitive system, which still forms a challenge to other religions.– Bishop Gore, “Buddha and the Christ.”No assumption in BuddhismIt is a glory of Buddhism that it makes intellactual enlightenment an essential condition of salvation. In Buddhism morality and interlectual enlightenment are inseparable from one another. While morality forms the basis of the higher life, knowledge and wisdom complete it. Without a perfect understanding of the law of casuality and transformation (Pratityasamutpada), no one else can even be said to be truly moral if he does not possess the necessary insight and knowledge. In this respect Buddhism differs from all other religions. All montheistic religions start with certain assumption, and when these assumptions are contradicted by the growth of knowledge it increases sorrow. But Buddhism starts with no assumptions. It stands on the firm rock of facts, and can therefore never shun the dry light of knowledge.– Prof. Lakhsmi Naras,.“The Essence of Buddhism”Buddha has seen deeper them modern idealistsGautama got rid of even that shade of a shadow of permanent existance by a metaphysical tour de force of great interest to the student of philosophy, seeing that it supplies the wanting half of Bishop Berkeley?s well-known idealist argument. It is a remarkable indication of the subtlety of Indian speculation that Gautama should have seen deeper than the greatest of modern idealists. The tendency of enlightened thought of all today all the world over is not towards theology, but philosophy and psychology. The bark of theological dualism is drifting into danger. The fundamental principles of evolution and monism are being accepted by the thoughtful.– Prof.Huxley,“Evolution And Ethics”Religious RevolutionTwenty- five centuries ago India witnessed an intellectual and religious revolution which culminated in the overthrow of monotheism, priestly selfishness, and the establishment of a synthetic religion, a system of light and thought which was appropriately called Dhamma ? Philosophical Religion.– Anagarika Dharmapala,“The World debt to Buddha”A Plan for LivingBuddhism is a plan for living in such a way as to derive highest benefit from life. It is a religion of wisdom where knowledge and intelligence predominate. The Buddha did not preach to win converts but to enlighten listeners.– A Western writerCome and SeeBuddhism is not always a question of knowing and seeing and not that of believing. The teaching of the Buddha is qualified as Ehi-Passiko, inviting you to come and see, but not to come and believe.– Ven. Dr. W. Rahula,“What the Buddha Taught”Religion of ManBuddhism will last as long as the sun and moon last and the human race exists upon the earth, for it is the religion of man, of humanity as a whole.– Bandaranaike, Former Prime Minister of SrilankaBuddhist is not a slave to anybodyA Buddhist is not a slave to a book or to any person. Nor does he sacrifice his freedom of thought by becoming a follower of the Buddha. He can exercise his own free will and develop his knowledge even to the extent of attaining Buddhahood himself, for all are potential Buddhas.– Ven. Narada Maha Thera, “What is Buddhism”Life by principleBuddhism taught a life not by rule, but by principle, a life of beauty; and as a consequence, it was a religion of tolerance. It was the most charitable system under the sun.– Rev. Joseph WainBuddhism would remainBuddhism would remain what it is even if it were proved that the Buddha never lived.– Christmas Humphreys, “Buddhism”Modern ProblemsTo read a little Buddhism is to realise that the Buddhists knew, two thousand five hundred years ago, far more about our modern problems of psychology than they have yet been given credit for. They studied these problems long ago and found their answers too.– Dr. Graham HoweMind TrainingWe hear much nowadays of thought-power, but Buddhism is the most complete and effective system of mind-training yet placed before the world.– Dudley WrightNew RaceThe Buddha created a new race of men, a race of moral heroes, a race of salvation-workers, a race of Buddhas.– Manmatha Nath SastriFirst MissionaryBuddhism is the first missionary religion in the history of humanity with a universal message of salvation for all mankind. The Buddha after his Enlightenment sent out sixty-one disciples in different directions asking them to preach the doctrine for the weal and welfare of mankind.– Dr. K.N. Jayatilleke, “Buddhism and Peace”No forced conversionIt was never, however, the buddhist way to proselytise ? in the sense of forcing ideas and beliefs upon an unwilling audience, much less to exert pressure of any kind, or any kind of flattery, deceit or cajolery, to win adherence to one?s own point of view. Buddhist missionaries have never competed for converts in the marketplace.– Dr. G.P.MalalasekaraUltimate fact of realityHere it is necessary to draw attention to another unique feature of the religion of the buddha, namely, that it is the only religion of any relgious teacher, which is the outcome of a consistent philosophy, which claims to tell us about the ultimate facts of existance and reality. The religion of the Buddha is a way of life resulting from the acceptance of a view of life, which is said to be factual. His philosophy is not without an account of the nature of knowledge.– Dr. K.N. Jayatilleke, “Buddhism and Peace”No FanaticismOf Buddha alone can it be affirmed it is free from all fanaticism. It?s aim being to produce in every man a thorough internal transforming by self conquest, how can it have a recourse to might or money or even persuasion for effecting conversion? The Buddha has only shown the way to salvation, and it is left to each individual to decide for himself if he would follow it.– Prof. Lakshmi Narasu, “The Essence of Buddhism”Buddhism and other faithsBuddhism is like the palm of the hand, the other religions being the fingers.– The great Khan MongkaBuddhism is not a melancholy religionSome people think that Buddhism is a dark and melancholy religion. It is not so; it will it?s followers bright and cheerful. When we read the birth stories of Bodhisatva, the future Buddha, we learn how he cultivated the Perfection of patience and forbearance. It will help as to be cheerful even in midst of great troubles and to take delight in other?s welfare.– Ven. Gnanatiloka, a German Buddhist scholarBuddhism and social welfareThose who think that Buddhism is interested only in lofty ideals, high moral and philosophy thought, ignores any social and economic of welfare people, are wrong. The Buddha was interested in happiness of men. To him, happiness was not possible without leading a pure life based on moral and spiritual principles. But he knew that leading such a life was hard in unfavourable material and social conditions.Buddhism does not material welfare as an end in itself; it is only a means to an end ? a higher and nobler end. But it is a means which is indispensable, indespensable in achieving a higher purpose for man?s happiness. So Buddhism recognizes the need of certain minimum material conditions favourable to spiritual success ? even that of a monk engaged in meditation in some solitary place.– Ven. Dr.W.Rahula, “What the Buddha Taugh”Example from AsokaTurn to Buddhism, and you will read that Asoka not only preached a lofty morality but exercised the power of kingship in manner that shames our modern sovereigns of other faiths.– Geoffrey Mortimer, a writer in the WestFixed PrinciplesIt will not be possible even today to Buddhism that it is worn out because it is rooted upon certain fixed principles that can never be altered.– Gertrude GararttDhamma is the lawAll teachings of the Buddha can be summed up in one word: “Dhamma”. The law of righteousness, exist not only in a man?s heart but it exists in the universe also. All the universe is an embodiment or revelation of Dhamma. The laws of nature which modern science have discovered are revelations of Dhamma.If the Moon rises and sets, it is because of Dhamma, for Dhamma is that law residing in the universe that makes metter act in the ways studied in physics, chemistry, zoology, botany and astronomy. Dhamma exists in the universe just as Dhamma exists in the heart of man. If man will live by Dhamma, he will escape misery and attain Nibbana.– Ven. A. MahindaPersecutionOf the great religions of history I prefer Buddhism, especially in it?s earliest forms, because it has had the smallest element of persecution.– Bertrand RussellAppreciation of BuddhismAlthough one may originally be attracted by it?s remoteness, one can appreciate the real value of Buddhism only when one judges it by the result it produces in one?s own life from day to day.– Dr. Edward Conze, a Western Buddhist scholarKnowledge is the Key to higher pathWithout senuous pleasure would life be endurable? Without belief in immorality can man be moral? Without worship of a God can man advance towards righteousness? Yes, replies the Buddha, these ends can be attained by knowledge; knowledge alone the key to higher path, the one worth pursuing in life; knowledge is that which brings calmness and peace to life, which renderd man indifferent to the storms of phenomenal world.– Prof. Karl PearsonFortunate BuddhistHow fortunate are the humble followers of the Buddha who have not inherited the fallacy of infallibility of any revealed book from the very beginning.– Ven. Prof. Ananda KaushalyayanaBuddhism and RitesBuddhism is thus a religion, and there is a little room in it for ritual and ceremony. An act done with an idea of one?s own conditioning ceases to be a rite. Much of the seemingly ritual of present-day Buddhism, when seen thus are really not rites.– Dr. W.F. Jayasuriya, “The Philosophy of Buddhism”SaviourIf the Buddha is to be called a ?saviour? at all, it is only in the sense that he discovered and showed the Path to Liberation, Nivana. But we must tread the path ourselves.-Ven. Dr W. Rahula, “What the Buddha Taught”No forceTo force oneself to believe and to accept a thing without understanding is political, and not spirtual or intellectual.-Ven. Dr. W. Rahula, “What the Buddha Taught”Respect other religionsOne should not honour only one?s own religion and condemn the religions of others, but one should honour other?s religions for this or that reason. So doing, one helps one?s own religion to grow and renders service to the religions of others too. In acting otherwise one digs the grave of one?s own religion and also does harm to other religions. Whosever honours his own religion and condemns other religions, thinking “I will glorify my own religion”. But on the contrary, in so doing he injures his own religion more gravely. So concord is good: Let all listen, and be willing to listen to the doctrines professed by others.– Emperor Asoka A genuine prideA religion or a way of life is judged not merely by the truths it proclaims but also by the change that it brings about in the life of it?s followers. So far this test is concerned Buddhism has a record of achievements in which we can take a genuine pride.– D. Valisinha, General Secrstary, Maha Bodhi Society, “Buddhist way of life”UnconsciousnessIt can also be said that India discovered the unconsciousness earlier than the Western psycholigists. For them the unconscious consists in the totality of the impressions which slumber in the individual as the inheritance from his previous existance. The Buddhis technique of meditation, which is concerned with the latent forces, is thus a fore-runner of modern psycho-analysis, of autogenic mental trainingetc.– Prof. Von Glasenapp, a German scholarRational analysisBuddhism is the only great religion of the owlr that is consciously and frankly based on a systematic rational analysis of the problems of life and of the way to its solution.-Moni Bagghee, “Our Buddha”Enemy of religionThere is little of what we call dogma in the Buddha?s teaching. With a breadth of view rare in that age and not common in ours he refuses to stifle critism. Intolerance seemed to him the greatest enemy of religion.– Dr. S. Radhakrishnan, “Gautama The Buddha”SectarianismMost meophytes of some other religions are controlled by their Guru and are forbidden to read the scriptures, doctrines, magazines, booklets and tracts of other religions. This very rarely happens within Buddhism.– Phra Khantipalo, “Tolerance”The Five preceptsThese five precepts, indicate five arterial directions in which the Buddhist self-control is to be exercised. Thus, the first rule calls upon him to control the passion of anger, the second, the desire for material possessions, the third, the lust of the flesh, the fourth, cowardice and malevolence (causes of untruthfulness) the fifth, the craving for unwholesome excitement.– Edmon Holmes, “The creed of Buddha”Man who achieved a great victoryOne of the first scholars to begin the work of translating the Pali Literature into English, was the son of a well known clergyman. His object in undertaking the work was ti prove the superiority of Christianity Over Buddhist. We must never forget the happy chance which prompted him to undertake this work and thereby make the precious Dhamma available to thousands in the West. The name of this great scholar was Dr. Rhys Davids.– Ven. A. Mahinda, “Blue Print of happiness”Human DestinyOver great areas of the world it still survives. It is possible that in contact with Western science, and inspired by the spirit of history, the original teaching of Gotama, revived and purified, may yet play a large part in the direction of human destiny.– H.G. WellsParliamentary system borrowed from BuddhismIt is probable that the tendency towards self government evidenced by these various forms of corporate activity received fresh impetus from the Buddhist rejection of the authority of the priesthood and further but its doctrine of equality as exemplified by its repudiation of caste. It is indeed to the Buddhist books that we have to turn for an account of the manner in which the affairs of the early examples of representative self-governing institutions were conducted. It may come as a surprise to many to learn that in assemblies of Buddhists in India 2500 years and more ago are to be found the rudiments of our own parliamentary practice of the present day.The dignity of the assembly was preserved by the appointment of a special officer ? the embryo of “Mr. Speaker” in our house of commons. A second officer was appointed to see that when necessary a quorum was secured ? the prototype of the Parliamentary Chief Whip, in our own system. A member initiating business did so in the form of a motion which was then open to discussion. In some cases, this was done once only, in others three times, thus anticipating the practise of Parliament in requiring that a bill be read a third time before it becomes law. If discussion disclosed a difference of opinion the matter was decided by the vote of the majority, the voting being by ballot.– Marquess of Zetland, a former Viceroy, “Legacy of India”

MORALITYDemocracyBuddhism was a democratic movement, which upheld democracy in religion, democracy in society, and democracy in politics.– Dr. AmbedkarEthical man of geniusIn this sphere He gave expression to truths of everlasting value and advanced the ethics not of India alone but of humanity. Buddha was one of the greatest ethical men of genius ever bestowed upon the world.– Albert Schweitzer, a leading Western philosopherWorld CultureBuddhism has done more for the advance of world civilization and true culture than any other influence in the chronicles of mankind.– H. G. Wells

TOLERANCE? PEACE? LOVETo win PeaceThe question that inevitably suggests itself is, how far can the great message of the Buddha apply to the present-day world? Perhaps it may apply, perhaps it may not, but if we follow the principles enunciated by the Buddha, we will ultimately win peace and tranquility for the world.– NehruWisdom is the sword and ignorance is the enemyNot a single page of Buddhist history has ever been lurid with the light of inquisitorial fires, or darkened with the smoke of heretic or heathen cities ablaze, or red with blood of the guiltless victims of religious hatred. Buddhism wields only one sword, the sword of wisdom, and recognises only one enemy ? ignorance. This is the testimony of history, and is not to be gain-said.– Prof. Bapat, “2500 years of Buddhism”No unkind wordThere was never an occasion when the Buddha flamed forth in anger, never an incident when an unkind word escaped his lips.– Dr. S. RadhakrishnanPractise of wisdom and compassionIt seemed that the kindly aesthetic, eternally young, seated cross-legged on the lotus of purity with his right hand raised in admonition, answered in these two words: “If you wish to escape from suffering from fear, practise wisdom and compassion.”– Anatole FranceNo PersecutionThere is no record known to me in the whole of the long history of Buddhism throughout the many centuries where its followers have been for such lengthened periods supreme, of any persecution by the Buddhists of the followers of any other faith.– Prof. Rhys Davids

MAN?S POSITION IN BUDDHISMMan give law to natureLaw in the scientific sense is essentially a product of the human mind and has no meaning apart from man. There is more meaning in the statement that man gives law to nature than in its converse that nature gives laws to man.– Prof. Karl PearsonMan is not ready madeMan today is the result of millions of repititions of thoughts and acts. He is not ready made; he becomes, and is still becoming. His character is predetermind by his own choice, the thought, the act, which he chooses, that by habit, he becomes.– Ven. PiyadassiMan can stand on his own feetBuddhism makes man stand on his own two feet and rouses self confidence and engergy.– Ven. Narada Thera, “Buddhism in a Nutshell”Man can cease to be crushedMan is greater that the blind forces of nature because even though he is crushed by them he remains superior by virtue of his understanding of them. Again., Buddhism carries the truth further: it shows that by means of understanding man can also control his circumstances. He can cease to be crushed by them, and use their laws to raise himself.– Pascal

SOULBelief in soul is the cuase of all the troubleBuddhism stands unique in the history of human thought in denyingthe existence of such a Soul, Self, ot Atman. According to the teaching of the Buddha, the idea of self is an imaginary, false belief which has no corresponding reality, and it produces harmful thoughts or ?me? and ?mine?, selfish desire craving, attachment, hatred, illwill, conceit, pride, egoism, and other defilement, impurities and problems. It is the source of all troubles in the world from personal conflicts to wars between nations. In short, to this flase view can be traced all the evils in the world.– Ven. Dr. W. Rahula, “What the Buddha Taught”Life after death is not a mysteryThe difference between death and birth is only a thought moment: the last thought moment in this life conditions the first thought moment in the so called next life, which in fact is the continually of tha same series. During this life itself, too, one thought moment conditions the next thought moment. So, from the Buddhist point of view, the question of life after death is not a great mystery, and a Buddhist is never worried about this problem.– Ven. Dr. W. Rahula, “What the Buddha Taught”

BUDDHISM AND SCIENCEBuddhism and modern Science?I have oftern said, and I shall say again and again, that between Buddhism and modern Science there exist a close intellectual bond?.– Sir Edwin ArnoldBuddhism copes with ScienceIf there is any religion that would cope with modern scientific needs it would be Buddhism.– Albert EinsteinA spiritual ScienceBuddhism is, on the contrary, a system of thought, a religion, a spirtual science and a way of life which is reasonable, practical and all embracing. For 2500 years it has satisfied that spiritual science and a way of life, which is reasonable, practical and all embracing. For 2500 years it has satisfied the spirtual needs of nearly one third of mankind. It appeals to the West, insists on self reliance coupled with tolerance for the other ?s points of view, embraces science, relgion, philosophy, psychology, ethics and art, and points to man alone as the creator of his present life and sole designer of his destiny.– Christmas HumphreysBuddhism begins where science endsScience can give no assurance herein. But Buddhism can meet the atomic Challenge, because the supramundane knowledge of Buddhism begins where science leaves off. And this is clear enough to anyone who has made a study of Buddism. For, through Buddhist Meditation, the atomic constituents making up matter have been seen and felt, and the sorrow, or unsatifactoriness, of their ?arising and passing away? (dependant on causes) has made itself with what we call a ?soul? or ?atma? ? the illusion of Sakkayadithi, as it is called in the Buddha?s teaching.– Egerton C.Baptist, “Supreme Science of the Buddha”Cause and effect instead of rewards and punishmentsAccording to the Buddha the world is not so constituted. Buddhist believe in a just rational of Kamma that operates automatically and speak in terms of cause and effect instead of rewards and punishments.– A writer

WHAT IS NIBBANASalivation with out godFor the first time in the history of the world, Buddha proclaimed a salvation, which each man could gain for himself and by himself in this world during this life, without the least help from the personal GOD or Gods. He strongly inculcated the doctrine of self reliance, of purity, of courtesy, of enlightment, of peace and of universal love. He strongly urged necessity of knowledge, for without wisdom psychic insight could not be got in his life.– Prof. Eliot, “Buddhism and Hinduism”Buddha and the salvationIt is not the Buddha who delivers men, but he teaches them to deliver themselves, even as he has deleivered himself. They accept his teaching of the truth, not because it comes from him, but, because of personal conviction, aroused by his words, arises by the light of their own spirit.– Dr. Oldenburg, a German Buddhist scholar

BELIEFBuddha does not demand beliefThe Buddha has not merely awakened to the supreme reality, he also presents his higher knowledge that is superior to that of “all gods logical disguise and mythical clothing. Here, however, it is given in so cogent a form that it presents itself as positively and self evedent to the person to is avble to follow him. For this reason the Buddha does not demand any belief, but promises knowledge.– George Grimm, “The Doctrine of the Buddha”

BUDDHISM AND OTHER RELIGIONSPost Buddhistic HinduismThe various ways in which Buddhism influenced, modified, transformed, and revitalised Hindu religion among all the philospohical Sutras of the Hindus, are admitted post Buddhistic. The presuppostion of Indian philosophy in the doctrine of Karma and rebirth and other pre Buddhistic system have attained fullest development from Buddhistic literature and been established on philosphical basis.– Dr. S. N. Das GuptaUniversal EthicsNone the preBuddhistic religions of India may be said to have been able to formulate a code of ethics and religion that wass unversally and compulsorily valid for all.– Dr. S. N. Das GuptaBuddhism is BuddhismBuddhism and Jainisn were certainly not Hinuism ot even the Vedic Dharma. Yet they arose in India and were integral parts of Indian life, culture and philosophy. Buddhist or Jaina in India is a hundred per cent product of Indian thought culture, yet neither is Hindu by faith. It is entirely misleading to refer to Indian culture as Hindu culture.– Nehru, “Discovery of India”Eternal Debt to the BuddhaIt is my deliberate opinion that the essential part of the teachings of the Buddha now forms an integral part of Hinduism. IT is impossible for Hindu India today to retrace her steps and go behind the great reformations that Gautama effected in Hinduism. By his immense sacrfice, by his great renuniation, and by the immaculate purity of his life he left an indelible impress upon Hinduism, and Hinduism owes an eternal debt of gratitude to the great teacher.– Mahatma Gandhi, “Maha Bodhi”Dominant creedA system which knows no God in the Western sense, which denied a soul to man, which counts the belief in immorality a blunder, which refuses any effecacy to prayer and sacrifice, which bides man to look to nothing but their own efforts for salvation, which in its orginal purity knew nothing of vows of obedience and never sought the aid of the secular arm, yet spread over a considerable motley of the old world with marvellous rapidity and is still, which whatever base admixture of forcing supertitions, the dominant creed of a large fraction of mankind.– T.H. HuxleyBuddhist Idea of sinIts idea of sin differs somewhat from the Christian idea. Sin to the Buddhist is mere ignorance or stupidity. The wicked man is an ignorant man. He doesn?t need much punishment and condemnation so much as he needs instruction. He is not regarded as ?violating God?s commands? or as one who mest beg for divine mercy and forgiveness. Rather it is necessary fo rthe sinner?s friends to make him reason in the human way. The Buddhist does not believe the sinner can escape the consequences in prayerful attempts to bargain with God.– John Walters, “Mind Unshaken”Gods need salvationFor the first time in human history the Buddha admonished, entreated and appealed to people not to hurt a living being, not to offer prayer of praise or sacrifice to gods. With all the eloquence as his command the exalted one vehemently proclaimed that gods are slso in direction need of salvation of themselves.– Prof. Rhys Davids

THE WORLD AND THE UNIVERSEUnsatifactory world.Buddha was not angry with the world. He thought of it as unsatisfactory and transitory rather than wicked, as ignorant rather than rebelliou. He troubled little about people who would not listen to him and showed no nervous irritablity.– Prof. Eliot, “Buddhism and Hinduism”A great BattleThe whole universe is a vast field of battle. Everywhere there is fighting. Existance is nothing but a vain struggle against germs of dreadful diseases, molecules against molecules, atoms against atoms, and electrons. Mind is still more scene of battle. Forms, sounds, tastes, etc. are resultants of counteracting and belligerant forces. Ther very existance of war proves that there is a state of Perfect Peace. It is what we call Nibbana.– Ven. Narada Thera, “The Bodhisatta Ideal”

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