A Government without Political Parties. Key to a new political culture in Sri Lanka
Posted on September 28th, 2016

(Outline Draft for discussion: Sudath Gunasekara  (SLAS Class 1) Retired Permanent  Secretary to Prime  Minister Mrs Sirimavo Bandaranaike (15.Sept.2016)

 Introduction

There is unanimous agreement that the political party system, introduced by the British, has ruined this country. After establishing their hegemony they plundered, destroyed and then destabilized the native political, socio-economic and cultural systems in all the countries they conquered and thereafter they established their own political, administrative and legal mechanisms replacing the native systems, to tighten the colonial grip in order to perpetuate domination and exploitation. Party system that was alien to the natives was the main instrument through which they manipulated and controlled these countries with the assistance of a new generation of rulers subservient and servile to them who act as their accredited local agents they have nursed over the years. Therefore no country that was subjected to their depredation can be free, either politically economically or otherwise until and unless these alien elements are completely removed.

Practically everybody talk about it. But no one has so far found or seriously thought about any practical solution for this vexed national problem. What I put down here is the result of my search for a workable solution to that all important problem. I do not claim this to be a perfect answer. But I have an inner feeling that, if we implement this proposal it will serve as a turning point in the country’s political history, in our joint search for an answer. It is a new idea that came to my mind, capable of generating a live debate on this subject. Two people have inspired me in this mission. The first is my good friend and colleague the late UB Wijekoon, an uncommon  politician who presented me a copy of a book Paksha Desapalanaya Ratata Sapaya) written by him in (2010) highlighting the need to change this curse; making a request appealing me to think about a solution for this cancerous social disaster. Dr Gunadasa Amarasekara who wrote a book recently (2016) titled Sabbyatva Rajya” calling for a new system of government based on our own civilization is the other person who accelerated my search. I thank both of them sincerely for their inspiration. However, this is not the result of an in depth research, on this subject. It is only a note prepared based on my thirty five years of experience and understanding of our political system, past and present, to be presented at this discussion organized by my colleague and friend Dr Nath Amarakoon. I wish and hope this note will inspire you all patriots to search for the answer we all need very badly to rescue our motherland and the nation from the imminent threats snarling at us.

The Philosophy and Mission

1 Balachackram hi nisrāya Dharmachakram Pravartatē” (The Wheel of Power Revolves on the Wheel of Dhamma)

2 Bahujana Hitāya Bahujana Sukhāya” Lord Buddha. (For the Good of the many; For the Happiness of the    many)

Objective

To replace

The system of Government we have in this country today, what I call a government by the Politicians, for the Politicians and of the Politicians”

With,

A Home grown system of Government A Government by the People, for the People and of the People,”

Based on the Dasaraja Damma, the Dharmasokian model, Pansil and the Mahasammatha concept of state craft.

and

To set up a new form of Government similar to what Martin Jacques calls the ‘Civilization State,” based on our own political philosophy, institutions and systems, traditions and social values to liberate this country from the shackles and clutches of Western colonial hegemony and exploitation. It is also an attempt to fully free our people from their mental servility to Western forms of Government, alien and utterly inappropriate to the East; to inspire people of this country to understand the value and relevance of their age old and time tested native system as the golden key to the portals of our future prosperity and pride. My final aim here is to call upon you all to ‘wake up’ from hibernation and to come forward to save the Motherland and lift it up once again to lofty heights as a strong, vibrant and a prosperous nation.

Political parties the curse of the Nation 

Of all legacies left behind by the British, political party system, has been identified as the most disastrous and baneful factor that has divided and ruined this country and the Sinhala nation ever since 1948. It is now widely accepted by everybody as the most fatal cancer that has killed the political stability and the unity of this Island nation, while continuously promoting the divide and rule policy of the British. Therefore the crying need for an immediate solution to put back this great nation once again on its feet.

The proposed Model envisages replacing the existing so-called Western democratic model of government imposed on us by force and intrigue by the colonial invaders, with a novel native system, sans the political parties, administrative and legal systems and social values imposed on us by them. Going back to our roots in search of a permanent remedy to these ugly legacies of political, social, economic and mental maladies handed down to us by the West, to disrupt, disorganize and destroy our country to achieve their diabolical strategic, military and economic goals, is the aim of this effort.

 Proposed model of Government

  Permanent Supreme National/ Rajya Advisory Council at the Centre

  • The Mahanayaka Theros of Malwatta, Asgiriya, Amarapura and Ramanna Nikaya       4
  • Mahanayaka Theras of Kotte, Ruhunu, Dambulu Sects                                                        3
  • Two eminent scholarly monks nominated by the 7 Mahanayaka Theras                          2
  • The three Religious leaders of Catholic, Hindu and Islam                                                   3
  • President Uttara Mantrana Sabha 1
  • Speaker Rajya Sabha                                                                                                                     1
  • Chief Justice 1
  • Head of the Public Service (Secretary to the Treasury)                                                      16

(The Secretary to the Treasury like in the Civil Service days should be the most senior and competent Public Servant from the Sri Lanka State Administrative Service. SLAS should also be fully upgraded and reorganized to the level of the unchallengeable Premier Public Service and the steel frame of the machinery of the State)

(To be appointed by the Chairman of the Election Commission)

This will be a non-political Supreme National Advisory Council that stands above all state institutions and individuals in the country. It is an independent National Institution set up primarily and solely to protect and safeguard national interest and welfare of the people. It is expected that this Council will act as the guardian god to protect this country and the nation

Permanent Supreme National Planning Council

It is also proposed that we also set up a Permanent Supreme National Planning Council consisting of 10 or 15 eminent persons in fields like Economics, Finance Agriculture, Industry Education, Trade and Commerce, history and culture of this country etc, to prepare the overall National Plan so that politicians will have only to implement national policies after they get elected.

Every item in such plan has to be formally approved by the legislature and the President of the Republic in consultation with the Supreme National Advisory Council

1 A strong Central Government  

 Executive President ( to be called Lakisuru)   

The President of the Republic of Sinhale shall be elected by the people or by an electoral college as given below. He will be the Head of the State, the Government and the Commander in Chief of the Armed Forces 

He shall be elected on a non-party basis by an Electoral College consisting of

Members of

  1. a) Rajya Sabha    National level
  2. b) Ratasabha   Tun Rata level
  3. c) Disa Sabha       Disa (District) level
  4. d) Pradesiya sabha Divisional level
  5.  e) Gamsabha and   Korala level
  6. f) Jana Sabha    village level

(as proposed to be newly set up)

Or directly by the people

It is proposed that TWO or THREE names of outstanding personalities shall be nominated as candidates by the Supreme National Advisory council to the Election commission so that people also could have a wide choice. Selection could be made on public nomination or application.

After nomination is made and the approval of the Supreme Advisory Council, the Election Commission will arrange for three Public debates over the TV to enable the people to select the best person

The aggregate of all votes received by a candidate should exceed 50 percent of the valid votes poled for him to be declared elected as the President.

Persons nominated for the post of President should be of unblemished character, over 40 years of age and who has rendered a distinguished service to the country in any field like Law, Politics, Administration, Academia, Science, Finance, Agriculture and Industry, Trade and Commerce and Culture or any other professional field.

Only a Sinhalese Buddhist shall be nominated for this position. That was the inalienable tradition in this country throughout history.

His term of office shall be 5 years. He should not run for office for more than two consecutive terms unless the whole country wants him back.

Prime Minister ( Agramatya)

An Electoral College consisting of the 15 Chairmen of the 15 Executive Committees as stated below will elect the most suitable person among them as the Chairman of the Executive Committees. He shall be formally appointed as the Prime Minister of the Republic by the President thereafter, with the concurrence of the Supreme National Advisory Council. The Prime Minister shall be in charge of the subjects of National security, External Affairs and Buddha Sasana

The President will preside over the Cabinet

 The Rajya Sabha

Rajya Sabha (Parliament) shall consists of

  • The President
  • Pahala Mantrana Sabha  (PMS)and
    3     Uttara Mantrana Sabha (UMS)

Pahala Mantrana Sabha  (PMS)and

Rajya Sabha consisting of the two Houses shall be the supreme Legislative body in the country.

It will have 151 Members (140 elected to represent the 28 Districts at 5 Members per District and another 11 nominated to represent unrepresented sections of the society Eg, Communities and professionals.

(The 28 Districts to be set up under the Tun Rata Sabha system as given below).

The 11 nominated members will be appointed by the President on the recommendation of the Prime Minister with the concurrence of the Supreme National Advisory Council.

The RS will get the Speaker elected at its first meeting

When one member gets elected as the Speaker the balance 150 will form in to 15 Executive Committees. Each Committee will then elect one member as its Chairman and another as Deputy Chairman.

Where a Committee is unable to elect its Chairman the President, in consultation with the Speaker of the House will nominate a Member from among the members of that Committees to be Chairman

 Uttara Mantarana Sabha (Senate)

There shall be a Senate of 36 elected members; 28 representing the 28 districts, and 8  nominated to represent eminent persons who have rendered a distinguished service to the nation  in different fields  such as Politics, Administration, Finance,, Science, Education, Arts and Literature, Education, Business & Commerce and Agriculture or any other field..

The 28 Senators to represent the 28 Districts. They shall also be elected by each District at the General Election conducted for the election of Rajya Sabha and Rata Sabha Members by introducing a separate ballet paper giving three names for each District to be elected as Senators.

The nomination for the Senate should be for the whole District and not for an electorate as in the case of a RS Or Rata Sabha Member. The one who gets the highest number of votes will be declared the Senator for that District as there is only one place for a District in the senate

Qualifications for one to be nominated and the process of selection and election will be the same as for a Member of the RS or Rata Sabha

Appointment of Ministers

 The President will appoint the Chairmen and Deputy Chairmen of Executive Committees of  the Raj Sabha as Ministers and Deputy Ministers. But he cannot remove any Minister or a Deputy unless a given Committee makes such formal request in writing from him for reasons such as misconduct, insolvency, failure to perform his duties due to illness, misbehavior, breach of trust or finding guilty by a court of law etc

This will remove the arbitrary powers of the President in appointing and removing Ministers and Deputies at his will to suit his private agenda like a despot, as it is done today and make the process more democratic and also allow the Ministers to work independently as representatives of the people answerable to them instead of the President. Under the present system not only the Ministers and Deputies but all MPP and even the organizers have become virtual hostages in the hands of the President or Party Leader. So much so it has boiled down to a one man show- a virtual dictatorship. The proposed arrangement is expected to restore democracy and Yahapalanaya in its true sense once again in this country unlike today.

Term of office of Rajya Sabha should be 5 years starting on 1st of May immediately following the General Election

 The Cabinet

 The Chairmen of the Committees will function as the Cabinet presided over by the President but the President shall not hold any other Ministry other than the Ministries of Defense and Buddhasasana. Of these 15 two shall be selected from the   and one of them to be in charge of the subject of Justice.

The 15 Committees will be named on a functional basis like Agriculture, Industries, Finance & Public Administration & Home Affairs, Justice, Health and social Service, Education, Lands and Irrigation, Trade and commerce, Public Works, Cultural Affairs, Foreign Affairs, Defense, Shipping and Aviation, Telecommunications, Information & Media etc. Only functionally related subjects should be allocated to each ministry.

 Speaker

 The Rajya Sabha will elect the Speaker, the Deputy and the Chairmen of Committees at its first meeting after the conclusion of the General Election

 Machinery of Governance

 The present system of Government departments, corporations and statutory bodies will continue to function after scrapping all superficial and redundant ones to maintain economy of governance. Subjects like Law and order, National Security and defense, Foreign Affairs, External trade, Fiscal and Monetary policy, National Planning and all other National level policies like Agriculture, Industries, Health, Education shall be handled by the Central Government.

Sovereignty

Sovereignty of the people will rest with the people and it will be exercised by The President, Rajya Sabha and the Senate and the Judiciary, and by the People at a referendum

Government will execute its policies and Programmes at different levels through central government Departments, District Secretariats, Divisional Secretariats and Grama Seva Niladharis and Rata Sabhas, Disa Sabhas, Pradesiya Sabhas, Nagara Sabhas, Gamsabhas and Jana Sabha at each level as people’s Councils dealing with Governance.

The Central government Officials at each level will function as the ex-officio Secretaries of the local Government institution. For example the District Secretary of a District will be the Secretary of the District Council. Same principle will apply at Divisional, Prasesiya and Village level as well, ending up with the Grama Seva Niladhari becoming the Secretary to the Jana Sabha at the village level.

The Head of the District Secretariat should be named as District Secretary and Disapathi. The anachronistic colonial term GA should be scrapped immediately as they have ceased to be the Agents of any government long ago and today they are only Public Servants.. Similarly the designation of the GS should also be changed as Gampathi/Grama Lekam

All these Government Institutions and Councils must be administered by professional Public Servants recruited through open competitive examinations only.

The Sabhas should be headed by elected representatives as Chairmen. This arrangement will enhance the sovereignty of the people while strengthening independence and quality and efficiency of delivery of services by State officers at the same time.

However powers and functions of each of these officers and Chairmen should be clearly defined and laid down to avoid clash of interests and ensure smoothness in public Service.

 Election of Members to Rajya Sabha, Rata Sabhas, Disa Sabhhas, Pradesiya Sabha, Gam Sabhas and Janasabha

This be done on an electoral basis as decided by the Election Commissioner General who will also function as the Chairman of the National Election Commission.

Qualifications to be a politician

The selection as well as election of persons under this system will depend solely on the overall quality such as education, character and proven capacity, ability and commitment to serve people to people.

 Selection and Election of Members to the Rajya Sabha and other Sabhas

Candidates at different levels shall be first selected by the respective Councils on public consensus by Nomination or application, from among qualified and distinguished persons permanently resident within such electorates. They will be elected on a non-party basis as there will be no parties in this system, on the first past post basis on and electoral basis thereafter. The simple criterion for selection shall be all-round suitability to hold public position. (Such qualifications have to be worked out)

Since Elections to RS, UMS and Rata Sabha are conducted at District level for the purpose of electing them, the District Council will submit two separate lists

One for the 3 names for each electorate, for the RS and Rata Sabhas candidates from among  whom the voters of the respective electorate will elect two. 1 for the RS and the other for the Rata Sabha.

The other list of 3 names for the UMS

Only persons with permanent residence within the electorate are qualified to be nominated for any given electorate.

The persons who come first in each electorate will go to the Rajya Sabha and one who comes second to the Rata Sabha.

In the case of the UMS list the one who gets the highest number of votes get elected

At the conclusion of the Election the Commissioner of Election will announce the list of Rajya Sabha. UMS and Ratasabha Members accordingly.

The timing of elections should be logically arranged in a sequential manner to ensure there is no disruption of public life in the country and smooth governance id maintained)

 2 Local Government

This will be a seven tired structure

1 Jansabha –               Grama Seva Division level

2 Gamsabha–*           Korale level

3 Upa Disa Sabbha  – Divisional Secretary’s level

4 Disa Sabha  –          District Level

5 Rata Sabha              Regional level

6 Nagra Sabha            Town Councils

7 Mahanagara Sabha  Municipal Councils

*Referring to Sinhalese Village Council system even J. F. Dixon, one of the most renowned British Civil Servants, GA of CP in his Annual Administrative Report of 1872 has described the Village Council system that was there before 1815 in this country as ‘a remarkable system of self government which under native rule was so strikingly developed in the Village Communities of the East’ He said so after reintroducing the system in the Central Province, they abolished in the wake of 1818.

Therefore I strongly recommend we should revive and re-establish this system at the grass root level as early as possible as a mechanism to effectively deal with village level problems.

 The present system of TCC and MCC will continue with suitable representations in the District and Rata

 Election of Members of Disasabha (District Councils), Pradesiya Sabha (Divisional) Gamsabha Sabha (Village Councils) and Janasabha to be conducted as follows.

 We start here with the Janasabha

 Janasabha at GS Divisions

 There will be a Janasabha for each GS Division consisting all above 18 years in the village and it will function as a voluntary association of the village like a Grama Sanwardhana Samitiya. A Janasabha will have an elected Council of 15 members elected by the residents of the Gramaseva Division.

A separate Committee under each Member, comprising all villagers over 18 years of age will be set up at this level as well. Each such Committee will be directly linked to the 15 Executive committees at the centre.

JS will be elected for a period of five years by the voters of the Janasabha electorate at a meeting summoned and presided over by the GS.

The GS while holding Office will function as the Secretary of the Sabha.

The Village Monk, the Grama Seva Niladhari and the Village School master will function in an advisory capacity.

The outgoing Janasabha at its last meeting at the expiry of its term of office   should select  and elect the list of candidates for the next council and submit to the Janasabha for the next election.

At the conclusion of the election the Council at its first meeting presided over by the GS   they will elect the Chairmen of Committees and then elect one of them as the President/ Chairman of the Sabha.

For this Council to function smoothly with authority and in line with the national system the name GS should be replaced with the new term Gampathi/ Grama Lekam The GS system has to be fully reorganized and re-structured   (including the scheme of recruitment, educational qualifications etc) to suit this new situation

The Chairman of the Janasabha will represent the Grama Seva Division at the Gansabhava set up at the Korale level. (Former Village Committee level)

(Setting up of people’s committees consisting of 5 village elders including the village monk, GS, village School master and three other elders is suggested to deal with petty village disputes to promote harmony and  peace at each village level. I experimented this system very successfully in 1966-1971 at Uda Dumbara when I was DRO and it proved a wonderful success in solving village level problems with no cost to poor villagers and also saving their time and money, to engage in their day to day work without resorting to cumbersome litigations)

 Gamsabhava

The Gansabhava at the Korale level (Village Council) will comprise of the Janasabha Chairmen  within the Korale. The members of the Gamsabhava at their first meeting will elect one of them as its Chairman

The Chairmen of the Gansabha will represent their Korale at the Pradesiya Sabhava (Divisional Council). Reintroducing the old Village Council system at this level either separately or as a joint mechanism with the Council to handle petty disputes at village level is also suggested.

 Pradesiya Sabhava

 The Pradesiya Sabhava (Divisional Council) will consist of the Chairmen of the Gamsabhas. At its first meeting will elect the Chairman at a meeting presided over by the Pradesiya Lekam /Divisiona Secretary at the Divisional Secretariat.  The Chairmen of the Divisional Councils will represent the Division at the District Council.

 District Sabha

All Pradesiya Sabha (Divisional Councils) Chairmen will go to form the Disa Sbbha at the Dis/District level. It will elect the Chairman and Deputy at it’s first meeting at the District Secretariat presided over by the Disapathi/District Secretary)

The Chairmen of the five Disa Sabha (District Councils) will also represent their Districts at the Rata Sabha, in addition to the 40, elected at the General election.

This scheme is expected to drastically reduce the number of parasitic politicians, excess public servants and enormous public expenditure and improve coordination and efficiency of delivery of services to people.

(Details of powers and functions of each of these Sabhas, their officials, inter Sabha relations etc have to be worked out in detail)

(I request you to read this along with my note on the Sinhalaye Avadi Sabha Concept)

 Elections to all Positions at all levels except for the post of President of the Republic shall be conducted as follows.

Day one

a)Janasabha, TCC and MCC

b)Thereafter, Gamsabha, Prasesiya Sabha and Disa Sabha, one after the other as given above

The election process described here will have no propaganda meetings, no posters and cut outs or banners, no murders, no public demonstrations, no wastage of time, no disruption of public Services or any other Service and the cost will also  be minimum, perhaps the country want even feel. That money also could be used for the welfare of the people. There will also be no soliciting, back biting, bribing and infighting.

Above all politics in this country will, once and for all, cease to be a plundering business and get transformed in to a sacred mission  of service to man, I hope.

 Finally I appeal you all Patriotic people to go back to the following traditional Geopolitical system to achieve our targets of building stable, strong, peaceful and prosperous country.

 The Tun Rata: Ruhunu, Pihiti and Maya (Tun Hele)

 The whole Island and its territorial waters will be divided in to three Regions (Prantha) to be named ‘Ratasabha’; viz Ruhunu, Pihiti and Maya keeping with the age old tradition that had been there in this country from 327 BC to 1815 AD. ( no other country in the world has had an uninterrupted geopolitical system like this)

This is how Mahavamsa narrates the demarcation of village boundaries by Pandukabhaya in 427 BC.

(Dasavassabhisitto so – gamasiima nivesayi

Lakadeepamhi sakale – Lankindo Pandukabhayo’    (MV.X.103).

King Pandukabhaya attained the throne in 437 BC.

(This demarcation of village boundaries was later incorporated in to the Tun-Sinhale map which continued until 1815 with minor boundary changes, the last being the Udarata Rajadhaniya (Kandyan Kingdom) with its capital in Kandy extending up to the sea right round the Island

It is in this backdrop the following proposal is made with the best of intentions with a view to rescuing the country from this tragic situation by bringing all communities together as one nation. In order to achieve this noble goal, it is suggested that we go back to the re-establishment of the ancient Thri-Sinhale with boundaries as shown in this map. This division will ensure equitable distribution of resources, both physical and human, among the three units (land, water, coast line and even people), restore ethnic reconciliation and firmly establish a permanent geopolitical framework that will, once and for all, put an end to the present political crisis and lay the foundation for re-building a strong and vibrant nation state.

Above all it will, will enable us to get rid of the curse of the British Provincial System along with the Huniyama that is Palalth Sabha.

This I am confident will provide the golden key to National, Regional, Divisional and Village level development in this country.

The following map shows the proposed Tun Rata Divisions, 27 Districts and the Capital District.

The 3 Rata Sabhas shall be re-established accordingly. I have used Mahaweli, Walawe and Deduru Oya as their boundaries. But boundary changes could be altered after factors like population, area and ethnicity are carefully studied in detail before we finally decide the boundaries. The need to not to disturb the overall historic ethnic composition, need to avoid communal segregation, as a safeguard to territorial integrity etc to be born in mind, when demarcating these boundaries has tome stressed.  The boundaries of the proposed geopolitical division will extend from top to the sea coast. These three Ratasabhas will be the main arms of the government in the Regions in implementing Government policies and Programmes in the periphery.

Each Rata Sabha will be divided in to nine Districts totaling to twenty seven (27) for the whole country. The 28th District where the Capital will be located shall be named as a special District (Capital District) with special arrangements to represent it in the Rajya Sabha and the Uttara Mantrana Sabha

Each District will be demarcated in to five electorates using population and area as the criteria 

map-sudath                                                    

Map Sudath Gunasekara 2004

Each District will again be divided in to five electorates making provision for 10 MPP vize: 5 for the RS and 5 for the Rata Sabha.

The Three Ratasabhas will also have 151 Members; 145 elected and 6 distinguished persons nominated to represent unrepresented or under-represented sectors from the whole Rata Sabha area

Each Rata Sabha area Will also send 28 elected  Members to the Senate, one for one District

Members to Rajaya Sabha and Rata Sabha

 Each District Council will nominate fifteen15 names at 3 per electorate names of outstanding persons from among whom the voters will elect five to represent them in the Rajaya Sabha and five to the Rata Sabbha. The five members who come first will go to the Rajya Sabha and those who come second will go to the Rata Sabha. All these Members should he permanent residents at least for 5 years within that electorate for which his/her name is proposed and their term of office is 5 years.

The members of the Rata Sabha at their first meeting will elect the Chairmen and Deputy of the Rata Sabha and also the Chairmen and Deputies of the 15 Committees. The Chairmen and Deputies of Committees in turn elect the Chief Minister and the Chairman of each Committee will be designated as a Minister of the Rata Sabha. The Chief Minister will be appointed by the President on the recommendation of the Governor in consultation with the religious dignitaries of the Rata. The other Ministers by the Governor in consultation with the Chief Minister

A Governor appointed by the President in consultation with the Prime Minister, the Chief Minister and the religious dignitaries of the Rata will function as the chief executive of the Rata Sabha.. The Rata Sabha will nominate three (3) other names to the Prime Minister from among persons who have rendered a distinguished service to the country or the Rata Sabha area who have permanent residence within that Rata Sabha area to be appointed as Governor

There will be a Council of Ministers consisting 15 members presided over by a Chief Minister who will again be appointed by the President in consultation with the Prime Minister who will make his recommendations after consulting the MPP of Rajya Sabha representing the particular Rata Sabha area and Rata Sabha Members of the relevant Rata Sabha and the religious dignitaries of the area.

The Chief Minister will be in charge of the Ministry of Finance and Public Administration in addition to any other subject as decided by the central government

The term of office of all members other than the Governor who will remain in office until the new Sabha takes office after swearing in will be 5 years

Other than the President of the Republic all other elected Members and Governors should be permanent residents of the electorate or the Rata Sabha for which he/she seeks election or appointment to qualify to be elected or appointed to such posts. No person from an outside shall be appointed or nomination given.

But any person resident in any part of the country could be nominated for the post of President provided he has the necessary qualifications stipulated in the Constitution.

The Governor should be eligible for reappointment on the recommendation of the new Council of Ministers of the Rata Sabha in consultation with the Members of the Rata Sabha and religious dignitaries of the area.

Present Proposed
President 1 1
Prime Minister 1 1
Governors 9 3
Total 11 5

 

Present Proposed
MPP Parliament 225  Parliament 151
Provincial CS 638 (3 Ratasabhas) 151
Ministers Parliament 109*   Parliament 15*
Ministers PCC   45* (3 Ratasabhas) 45*
 

 

 

Senators

Total No Politicians

 

10+225+638=873 less 154*= 719

Nill

 

 

 

 

Senators

5+151+151 –less 60*+

36 = 283

(Since the PM is included within 225 and 151 he is not added to the total)

The 3 Rata Sabhas (Ruhunu, Pihiti and Maya) under this system will have 3 Governors and 3 Chief Ministers and 151 Ratasabha members (including the CM), instead of 9 Governors, 9 Chief Ministers, and 638 odd parasitic Provincial Councilors?

This will  save more than Rs 600 Billion a year currently wasted just to upkeep Provincial Councilors, their kith and kin and this monstrous and wasteful system (absolutely brings no benefit to the country) that takes the country and the nation down the Gadarene slope for total disaster, that would be used for the development of the country,?

All development work at each level will be done by the respective Councils. But intra-Divisional and Intra District and Intra-Rata Sabha project will be handled by the central Government. But no local work should be done by outsiders without the concurrence of the respective Councils. The central Government in this case will only facilitate the work with funds, technical knowhow etc.

All elected people other than the President of the Janarajaya should have permanent residence within the electorate which they represent. However, the nominees for the post of President could be from anywhere in the Island.

Planning for the grass root level under this system will start at the Janasabha and Village Council level

No politician or public servant, either directly or indirectly shall be allowed to engage in contracts with the Government at any level.

The Provinces, Provincial Councils and the existing Pradesiya Sabha will be abolished under this system.

 I also suggest that we implement the recommendations given in my 100 Panatha to make the new system more effective and meaningful

The proposed Tun Rata Model will benefit the country in the following manner.

The proposal will,

1 Remove the Provinces introduced by the British in 1833 to divide and rule this Island and also the Indian imposed Provincial Council System embraced by JR firstly to the North and East for his survival and rest of the country for dirty political maneuvering when no one asked for it in these regions.

2 Firmly establish a sound, strong and sustainable geopolitical framework that will consolidate the political map of the Island that conforms to geographical, regional, and cultural differences and lays the foundation for re-building a strong and vibrant nation state.

3   Provide a framework for maximum devolution of political and administrative powers to the periphery that will bring about better democracy to the people and ensure balanced and contented development in the regions.

  • Stop ethnic segregation and polarization and promote ethnic and regional harmony and reconciliation that leads to national integration. It will also put an end to all agitations for separate and independent Tamil and Muslim political entities and induce them to think and behave as full citizens of this country without having allegiance to India, Arab world or leave for any Land of Promise.
  • Remove the  Povincess and Provincial Council Councils white elephant and reduce the number of politicians and superficial politico-administrative institutions and so-called public servants to a workable and economic minimum that suits the country, thereby saving billions wasted at present to maintain a ceremonial, corrupt and wasteful system

6 Drastically cut down the Government expenditure and make available more funds for national development that will improve the standards of living of the common people.

7 Put an end to colonial administrative and political legacies that nurtured ethnic polarization and colonial servility, their divide and rule policy that seriously hampered the forward march of the post-independent Sri Lanka and open up new vistas for a united and prosperous new Lanka.

8   Ensure fair and equitable distribution of resources both natural and human among the regions        and promote maximum regional development.

9 Provides a political framework where all people will begin to think firstly, as members of a Rata (Ruhunu, Pihiti or Maya), and secondly, as one nation instead of the present tendency of thinking as Sinhalese (Low country and Kandyans), Tamils or Muslims etc.

10 Restore the lost core historical, political, cultural and economic heritage of the people of this Island nation and lay the foundation for future political stability and socio-economic prosperity.

11 Put an end to the curse of provinces that were designed by the British to divide and dis-integrate this country on ethnic grounds and the Provinces and Provincial Councils forced on us by British and India to achieve their sinister   objective of creating a Tamilnadu within this country.

12 Prevent the formation of the Malayanadu in Central Sri Lanka will get divided between the Tun Rata and EELAM in the North and East as it will get divided between Rajarata and Ruhuna

13 This system will do away with political rivalries and wastage of time, money and election related crimes and bring about a system of government of our own keeping with the age old traditions of the country.

14 Drastically reduce political and administrative positions and Institutions.  Therefore it will result in drastic reduction of Government expenditure on salaries, vehicles, buildings and Elections etc

15 Remove dictatorial powers and immunity of the President and empower people with decision making power down to the very grass root level and make their sovereignty meaningful.

Will result in the devolution of power to the grass root level and people will share the power of governance making it fully democratic.

16 The number of Ministers and Ministries at the centre will get reduced to fifteen

17 Party politics will disappear from trade unions, Universities and government offices thereby millions of man hours lost per day on demonstration etc could be used for nation building.

It will mark the formation of a government by the people, for the people and of the people. Every citizen under this system will feel proud that he is also a part of the Government.

18 It will mark the dawn of new era in democracy in practice and might become a model for all countries that have become victims of colonial exploitation and western systems of government utterly inappropriate to their native environments.

19 This will end the present system of Government by the politicians, for the politicians and of the politicians, their families and cronies” and instead we will have a Home grown system of self Government by the people, for the people and of the people”

20 This system of government is expected to guarantee governance in accordance with Dasarajadharma and enthrone the principle of ‘Bahujana sukhaya Bahujana hitaya” preached by the Buddha.

21 The new system of Government will also be based on the principle where the Wheel of Power will revolve on the Wheel of Dhamma and where Dhamma will form the solid Foundation of Governance.

22 Finally it will mark the dawn of an era of new political culture leading the way to a ”civilization’ State as Martin Jaque has described in his book ‘When China Rules the world’’.

23The whole country will begin to move forward with one national policy

24tThere will a closer relationship between the representatives and voters

25 No politician will be able to run away from responsibility firstly as they have become local people who have amoral obligation to the people and secondly as they could be recalled by the people

26 All institutions will have politicians who are compelled to do what the people want and none will be able to deceive the people and do what they want.

27 The word political victimization will never be heard in this country thereafter as there are no political parties

28 There want be any claim for devolution as maximum power will be devolved up to the village level under this system

29 Independent and strong Judiciary and Public   Service; a New Political Culture in Sri Lanka and A new approach to Good Governance All this you can expect under this system

30 The political, socio-economic, ethnic and regional conflicts will hopefully come to an end

 Dear Nath,

 These 30 items have been randomly prepared in a hurry as I wanted to mail it today I you have the time you may reduce the number. Otherwise let it go with the rest so that readers can get an idea about the benefits of my proposal

Overall these are only some random thoughts that came to my mind. Details have to be worked out jointly by a panel of experts in each field. I am sure you also can improve on this draft prior to a formal session of a panel. After agreeing on the draft we may have to discuss it with few eminent persons well versed in Local Government, Constitutional Law, System of government including Sinhala system etc before we organize the workshop or seminar as you have in mind.

I suggest we invite party leaders for a joint meeting after that and present our document and demands to accept our proposals and tell them that if they do, we will organize the whole country to support any one who gives a definite undertaking to implement our programme to the letter after they win the election.

First of all we have to get a patriotic group to power who are ready to implement this programme After coming to power under the present system they have to promulgate a new Constitution on this basis and implement it ASAP.

Just like what the Sinhala Buddhist patriotic people did in 1956, but with a difference, that is they cannot go back on their promises like what they have been doing ever since 1948.

A new Constitution  should be enacted asap, incorporating these ideas, based on, history and future and expectations of this country, to replace the existing’ scrap of a Constitution’

(This is only an outline draft on the main concept. Details has to be worked out by a committed panel of patriots)

Dr. Sudath Gunasekara

  1. Gemunu Mawatha, Hanthana Pedesa

Mahanuwara.

081 2232744—071 8075326

 

17 Responses to “A Government without Political Parties. Key to a new political culture in Sri Lanka”

  1. AnuD Says:

    There should be some minimum requirements for politicians. Right now, the whole family is politicians. See what happend in the Central province. governor and the chief minister both are Ekanayakes.

    Politicians should be chosen based on their talents and desire to develop the country. There should be some guidelines. They should not be selected simply because they are children or relatives of politicians or they are good at talking rhetoric.

  2. Dilrook Says:

    As I have explained in a previous article, the Ruhunu, Maya and Phiti divisions today will dilute Sinhala political power even further. Pihiti rata will be governed by TNA and even Ruhunu Rata will have to pander into SLMC, CWC and TNA to elect a workable government. It must not be attempted.

    On Permanent Supreme National/ Rajya Advisory Council at the Centre, it is not workable. 75% of religious figures are Buddhists whereas Buddhist percentage of only 70%. Hindus are double the percentage of Christians and they cannot have one each. The Chief Justice cannot be in this panel as it affects judicial independence. The judiciary must be separate.

    Moving away from democracy is not a sustainable solution. People are used to democracy and it cannot be taken away from them peacefully.

  3. Wetta Says:

    Hmm… I see a lot of potential in this for a Republic of Sinhale which would be a great idea. However when you go through it carefully I feel that there are some subtle elements where it slowly seeps into some of the colonial elements without much notice. Those areas need to be reviewed, in my view.

    As an example, in a Rajya Sabha where there are no political parties, there is no need for a colonial type “Speaker”. There is no more a government and an opposition and therefore all representatives can talk to a “Sabhapathi” of the Rajya Sabha (that might be the Lakisuru or the Agamathi), and not to a funny “Lamb” like looking colonial “Speaker”. Speaker position was designed by the west because there are two or more opposing political powers in the parliament and they wanted to address to someone who is deemed to be “neutral”.

    Also I have seen the word “politician” at various places. In a non political-party system there can’t be any politician. Therefore that word must be carefully eliminated and replaced with something like “Niyojitha”. What ever the name it should not reflect any “posh” or “powerful” meaning, because then only those people will become “empty balloons” with “swollen heads”.

    Also when you talk about “elections” it may slip back to “collectives of people” to make “power-clans” in the Rajya Sabha. These power-clans will be the unnamed invisible political parties, in a notionally non-political party system, hence starting to slip back to the existing type of corrupt power struggles again based on personal and foreign funded agendas, like what we saw in 2015.

    Do we need 150 representatives to “govern” the country? The representatives are only required to set up “policies” for the country and not to “govern”. Civil servants with relevant administrative educational qualifications can govern the area under them because they were trained for that task. I don’t think we need an elected representative to “govern” an area. The representatives should only be the “feed-back mechanism” for the Rajya Sabha to find out whether the policies they created are working or not, or to convey any worthwhile new ideas at the grass root level, and their function should stop at that. Those representatives should NOT have any executive or “ordering” powers on “absolutely any” function of the “governance” of the country.

    The western word “Senate” also should be scrapped, because those words give our silly colonial-minded moral slaves some artificial “glory” where they start to think they are above the rest.

    The “governing” function must be completely taken off the hands of the Rajya sabha, and should be limited to come-up with policies (like educational, health, finance, foreign etc). For that purpose only about 15-20 eminent and highly educationally qualified representatives are sufficient and that can be called the “Piliveth sabhava (Policy group)” and not “ministers”. They can engage the qualified expert consultants outside Piliveth Sabhava to brain-storm the proposed policies. I guess the proposed “Permanent Supreme National Planning Council” is just that. The Piliveth Sabhava and the representatives (or Niyojitha) makes up the “Rajya Sabhava”. There is no need of the “Senate” or equivalent. Whatever the policies they come up with will have to go to the Supreme court to make sure they do not violate any basic human rights of people or the constitution. Once cleared by the supreme court, it can go through the proposed “Rajya advisory council” and if they clear it then the Rajya Sabhaava can put it to a vote and test the level of agreement by the majority of the Niyojithas. This method will give any policy a massive support and acceptance by the population.

    Nijojithas who get elected by popular vote must be prevented from giving ” specif promises” to the people. They should only get elected based on the confidence they can give to the people on their qualifications, integrity, personal qualities and abilities of the applicants and not on “if I win I will do that” etc type lies. If they do give promises then they should be disqualified on the spot from competing and penalized.

    The biggest mistake in our current system is that the Parliament “governs” the country. If they govern, what are the Civil administrative staff doing? Slavering?

    Also I think the 7 tiers of government will need a lot of money to operate and co-ordinate. Those 7 tiers will have so many bureaucrats which would become a massive cost to maintain. That is a very “tall structure” and probably too tall. About 2-3 levels will be more than sufficient in a small country like ours.

    Above all, all NGOs should be frequently and regularly vetted by a powerful defense agency set up under the constitution because those NGOs are the biggest cancer in our society.

    However I feel that this will be a good place to start with.

  4. Christie Says:

    The place to start with is for Sinhalese to unite. In 1951 the Indian Empire and Indian colonial parasites managed to divide the Sinhalese to two different political groups. India used “moral corruption” to attack the then government and put Banda on the Pedestal.

    What happened to us and what is happening to us our inability to comprehend what Indian Empire and Indian Colonial Parasites are doing to us.

  5. S.Gonsal Says:

    I believe Pihiti will still have Sinhala majority. However, if Sinhalas devide between UNP and SLFP, TNA will win. In that case there should be a MOU signed between UNP and SLFP.

  6. Ananda-USA Says:

    Dear Sudath,

    Altough there are many good aspects of your proposals, I am completely against dividing the country again into a Thun Sinhale and the creation of smaller, but still large Rata Sabha regions.

    Districts should be the largest administrative entities, and should be administered by District Governors APPOINTED by the National Government elected to power through the election of a sufficient majority of MP”s to the National Parliament.

    These District Governors should not be ELECTED locally, but APPOINTED by the national government to ensure that no regional administrations with separatist agendas an get control of them.

    Your idea of devolving MAXIMUM POWER to local administrations is also dangerous to the integrity of the country. Local powers should be severely limited in scope, to no more than what Town Councils currently have. Land, water, wildlife and other natural resources, Police, National Security, Foreign Relations, International Commerce and Economic Agreements, Religious Affairs etc should all be the responsibility of the national government.

    Most importantly, there is no need to create large sub-national divisions within the country, even larger than the current Provinces, that could easily threaten the authority of the national government.

    Recall that the Tamils are trying to remerge the North and the East into one province precisely to create a large sub-national entity that would have sufficient heft to breakaway from the rest of the country.

    If anything is made OBVIOUS by the events during the war years, and the events since the Yahapalanaya government came, it is that there are SEVERE THREATS to the territorial integrity of Sri Lanka from INTERNAL anti-national forces, and EXTERNAL Neocolonialist forces.

    As such, this is not the time to weaken the central government by distributing it’s power to those disruptive groups treating to divide and rule the nation. Instead, it is now time to CONSOLIDATE and CONCENTRATE the power in the hands of the national government, while enforcing the laws largely already on the books in Sri Lanka to maintain law and order, economic stability, and political behaviour that is consistent with the laws of the land.

    I also agree with Dilrook, that the administrative and governance structure you propose has TOO MANY HIERARCHICAL LEVELS who h will perpetuate and INCREASE the bloated government bureaucracy we have even now. The Provincial Councils are already burdening the people with an unnecessary level of bureaucracy and an additional set of unnecessary elections. Nationwide elections for a President and the Members of Parliament, with City, Town, and Village Council elections are ENOUGH FRANCHISE for even the most jaded citizen. Why do we need more? Only greedy busybodies trying to ride on the backs of other people need more government than that. The more politicos we empower, the more corruption and barriers to progress we will create.

    In particular, we need to REPEAL the 13th Amendment, DISSOLVE the Provincial Councils and replace them with District Administrations under District Governors APPOINTED by the national government, ban all organizations, political and non-political with manifestos and constitutions that call for communal division of the country, pass and enforce stricter laws against TREASON, ban all immigration into the country and impose severe penalties against those who aid and abet illegal immigration, prohibit all foreign NGOs from engaging in political activities, monitor and prohibit the influx of foreign funds for political activities including “democracy building” funds given by the US Govt, prohibit foreign missionaries from proselytzing and converting people in the country, terminate the ETCA, Hanuman Bridge, Ramayana Religious Circuit, erecting Navalar statues etc, and other Indian activities geared to the economic and cultural domination of Sri Lanka by India.

    Perhaps most importantly, a clear policy asserting an EQUAL RIGHT to all citizens of Sri Lanka to purchase land and settle in any part of Sri Lanka without official and legal barriers of any kind should be included in the constitution. That policy should specifically ban communal laws, such as the Thesawalamai law of Jaffna, and all other sub-national communal homeland claims such as those being made even now by the Eelamists and make such demands acts of TREASON.

    Other than ensuring the Primacy of Buddhism in the land, these are a few of the most important issues that come to mind.

    I will read your proposal more carefully and present more comments, in due course.

  7. Ananda-USA Says:

    Sudath,

    Ethnic harmony and national security will not be promoted by reviving a Tun Rata model.

    What is needed is a firm policy banning the concept of communal homelands, and implementing a policy of national integration with settlement of all people of all communities everywhere in the country.

    Colonization of Tamil majority areas should not be tolerated as an issue, given that Tamils have already settled the suburbs of Colombo without being accused of “colonization”.

    The people of Sri Lanka need equal access to the land and natural resources of their ancestral lands in the North and East, in the national interest. They should not be reserved for the Tamil Community alone, to settle more Indian Tamils imported from Tamil Nadu in pursuit of their Eelam and Greater Tamil Nadu visions.

    That anti-national racist treasonous vision is
    at the root of most of Sri Lanka’s ills since independence.

    We must put a stop to it NOW!

  8. Lorenzo Says:

    SL is just 65,610 square kms. Why divide this small place?

    UNITARY and ONE govt. is the only solution.

    NO NEED for PCs.
    NO NEED for pratheseeya sabha, municipal councils, etc.

    They are EMPLOYMENT AGENCIES FOR CROOKS.

  9. S.Gonsal Says:

    SL is just 65,610 square kms. Why divide this small place?

    UNITARY and ONE govt. is the only solution.

    NO NEED for PCs.
    NO NEED for pratheseeya sabha, municipal councils, etc.

    They are EMPLOYMENT AGENCIES FOR CROOKS.

    PARLIAMENT has become the WORK PLACE for the CROOKS.

  10. Nimal Says:

    I think the Westminster style government must be good for us and with a upper house. We must have an upper house consist of really honorable people like retired judges, clergy of all sects, retired politicians of good and honest work records and even retired business people. They could overrule any bills passed in the lower house,etc.
    As long as we have dishonest self seeking people whatever system m we devise will be a waste of time. Must change our culture to accommodate the modern world.

  11. Ananda-USA Says:

    S.Gonsal,

    Why are you PARROTTING the exact words written by Lorenzo?

    Are you one of his AVATARS as well??

    Is that why you rush to defend him when I castigate Lorenzo for being an EELAMIST agitator?

    Or, is this just to provoke me in some way to respond?

    ……..

    Be that as it may, LankaWeb readers should know that Lorenzo is ALWAYS present at LankaWeb in a variety of disguises developing the patriotic credentials of NEW avatars, to be deployed for the time he needs a CHORUS of seemingly “independent” bloggers to support him and his misleading propaganda as he leads the mice over the cliff, like the PIED PIPER of Hamlin!

    Sometimes he appears to have gone away, and plants various stories of his ill health, hospitalizations etc etc, but none of those are true.

    During those times, he is developing his other “patriotic” avatars …. to mislead you at the critical time, or is busy working on another assignment for his EELAMIST PAYMASTERS!

    I have met and confronted this Eelamist agitator in many fora, under various personality disguises, but it is always the same DEVIL in DISGUISE! When sufficiently prodded, he always exposes himself!

    This is like the Catholic EXORCISMS you see in movies!

    I am the EXORCIST, and he is the DEVIL IN DISGUISE!

    There were other EXORCISTS I knew defending Sri Lanka during the war years, but they are largely inactive now.

    KEEP YOUR EYES WIDE OPEN and verify everything you read.

    All are not what they seem on the surface.

    This is the INTERNET AGE where disinformation is being disseminated and regime changes are being engineered over the Web and other social media.

  12. S.Gonsal Says:

    Ananda,
    Look at the positive sides please.

    All are hating this politicial system (ladder) of starting with Pradeshiya Sabh’s, Palaath Sabhas , That Sabhas and This Sabhas to Crook Sabha called PARLIAMENT. That is why every one trying to think of a solution.

    Even the word “Sabha” is parroting of Indian system.

    This is the no 1 problem. This is the problem that keep Racisst Tamil alive and ahead of Sinhalese. A cook that can be bought will be able to manipulate easily by the Racisist. Stop the “Crooking” and the racist will be stopped too.

    Main problem is “Tamil Racism”, not the system, but, “Crooking” is the mother of all mechanisms that keep driving Tamil Racism.

  13. Lorenzo Says:

    The current system has over 600 PARASITES living RICH lives at the expense of the people. Their relatives also get govt. contracts.

    This is what happens from pratheseeya Sabha to president.

    Those who benefit from it will not support changing it. OBVIOUS. Those who benefited from MR’s rule in winning contracts, etc. want MR right or wrong. Those benefiting from Sira want him there.

    We MUST change this stupid governance nonsense. A SMALL island like us don’t need so many steps in the ladder.

    How can that be done?

    Do you think the same CORRUPT people will change it? NO! Why should they!

    We need a temporary MILITARY TAKEOVER to FIX the constitution that creates only ONE UNIT to govern SL and put strong laws and FORCES IMPLEMENTATION. Also minimum criteria for politicians – ETHICS, NO CRIMINAL CONVICTIONS, NO RACISM, NO NEPOTISM, NO SAVING SILVAS FROM PUNISHMENT, etc.

    Then it goes for a free and fair election and people vote.

    Problem solved.

    IF you don’t trust the military to do a better job than these crooks you have to get your head examined. It was the military that won peace. Politicians DESTROYED the peace.

  14. Ananda-USA Says:

    Gonsal,

    You did not answer my question: why are you parroting Lorenzo?

    Mama ahuwey “Ayi Petta Lorenzogey Bath Kanney?”

  15. S.Gonsal Says:

    Petta bath kanawa
    Anandage bathuth Kanawa
    Dilrookge bathuth kanawa
    Sirih ge bathuth kanawa
    Lorenzoge bathuth Kanawa

    Petta kakka kanne nae kaagewath

  16. Lorenzo Says:

    “Ayi Petta Obamage kakki Kanney?”

    – Lorenzo-SRILANKA

  17. Ananda-USA Says:

    Chikay …. Gonsal…

    Obathuma Gaagena Neda?

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