Dr. Gunathillake’s Daily Mirror article about Glypohosate adjuvants and their toxicity.
Posted on June 28th, 2018

By Prof. Chandre Dharmawardana.

I have seen this and previous publications by Dr. Gunathilleke and some of his friends regarding the claimed toxicity of the glyphosate-based  herbicides, in spite of its safe record extending over 4 decades, and the most recent study on 90,000 farmers exposed to glyphosate formulations for over 23 years, with no health ill-effects .

This write up  is in response to  many people who have written  asking for my reaction to what Dr. Gunathilake has written. It should be remembered that Dr. Gunatileke  is an anti-GMO activist in California, a state which fully allows the use of glyphosate based pesticides, in spite of great efforts by many NGOs to get it at least labeled as a carcinogen. Unfortunately, it is not established to be a carcinogen and a legal case against such claims  is being heard.

So the activists have turned to the adjuvants (i.e., additional ingredients added to the main substance). Since the number of scientists who oppose glyphosate is miniscule, anyone who says so becomes an instant hero of certain advocacy groups and  fostered by the strong anti-glyphosate lobby funded and feted by the organic-food supermarket chains, or alternate medicine websites like those of Dr. Mercola, Dr. Stefanie Seneff etc.In Sri Lanka we have the “Vash-Visha Naethi Ratak” band wagon of Ven. Ratana, blind to festering mounds of garbage accumulating all over the country.

The adjuvanats in glyphosate formulations are exactly what is found in shampoos, some toothpastes etc.,but in significantly weaker concentrations than in shampoos and other common detergents.

If the adjuvant is taken separately, and in high concentration, they have toxic  effects of the sort mentioned by Gunathileke, just as vitamins, taken in high concentration,
have toxic effects.

Unlike shampoos etc., glyphosate is not applied to the body.Most glyphosate formulations contain less than 5% adjuvant.If a litre of glyphosate diluted 10 times with water is sprayed as an aerosol over an hectare, and if this spreads over a leaf canopy of one meter, the substance is spread over 1 hectare  TIMES one meter volume. That is, 10,000×1=10,000 cubic meters. This is 10,000,000 liters volume.
So the concentration of adjuvant is (5/10) divided by 10,000,000 per litre.That is 50  parts PER TRILLION.That is, totally inconsequential.

[the world population is about 7 billion. If you take it to be 10 billion, and take 10 such earths,worring about 50 parts per trillion is like worrying about 5 people in 10 such earths having a cosmic effect. ]

If the spraying is done with different concentrations, (e.g., 100 times more concentrated)you can put those figues and see that it is still LESS than or about a few  parts per billion.
So, even if you misuse it (at 100 times  expense) then you are still in the safe regime.

Dr. Gunathileke says that no one talks about adjuvants. DEAD WRONG. Ever glyphosate patent entions the adjuvants used and give details of field trials. Even textbooks written in the 1980s discussed them fully.

If people don’t talk about an impurity present at the level of 50 parts per trillion, it is obvious why!  Why doesn’t he talk about petroleum and diesel residues which are found at the level of parts per thousand?

Gunathilleke and others wrote in 2104 claiming that glyphosate forms a compound with arsenic and hardwater which causesthe  chronic kidney disease found in the North Central province of Sri Lanka where the glyphosate usage is least. Most of the glyphosate is used in the tea estates.

Scientists have challenged those authors including Gunathileke to produce even an iota of this imagined compound as such a compound does NOT exist. The first author of that now notorious article is Dr. Jayasumana. The third author is a non-scientist lady who claims to communicate with God Natha and who found out about all this allegedly from divine sources.  The article was published in a private journal” (which is NOT connected with any learned society), where the cost of publishing was paid by Dr. Gunathilleke.

He says nothing about the mythical substance in his Daily Mirror article! When is he going to demonstrate the existence of this substance to the world?

Any scientist or doctor who claims that glyphosate is dangerous becomes an instant hero with the “green” NGOs, and so some individuals  like to bask in the glory of the “heroism” of attacking “multinationals”. But it is NOT good science or public health.

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A more technical account.
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The following technical Information is available from Manufacturer’s of Gyphosate and also confirmed by independent experiments.
The following is based on information presented by Dr. Daniel Goldstein (Monsanto) and other scientists and critics not attached to Monsanto. The critical comment is in lower case, and the answer is in UPPERCASE letters or in italics. The answers can be judged against independent science.

Inert ingredients and contaminants in Glyphosate formulations

Glyphosate formulations may contain a number of so-called ‘inert’ ingredients, most of which are  sometimes claimed to be not publicly known.
THIS CLAIM IS NOT TRUE.
DETAILED INGREDIENTS ARE PROVIDED TO REGULATORY AGENCIES GLOBALLY.
We are NOT AWARE OF ANY PLACE pesticides CAN be REGISTER WITHOUT providing the ingredients.

Adjuvants may be added to glyphosate formulations prior to use, to improve their efficacy against weeds by enhancing penetration of glyphosate into the target plant. But the claim that organosilicones are used is false.

THERE ARE NO COMMERCIAL GLYPHOSATE PRODUCTS WITH ORGANOSILICONE SURFACTANT SYSTEMS AT THIS TIME.
MANY FORMULATIONS CONTAIN SILICONE ANTIFOAMS. THESE ARE SIMILAR TO SIMETHICONE USED IN COMMON GI MEDICATIONS TO BREAK UP GAS BUBBLES. THEY ARE GENRALLY PRESENT AT <0.1% OF THE FORMULATION AND DO NOT CONTRIBUTE SIGNIFICANTLY AS A SURFACTANT AS THEY DO NOT HAVE THEY HYDROPHOBIC TAIL FOUND ON SILICONE SURFACTANTS LIKE SILWET-800 AND OTHER POLY-ETHOXYLATED OR POLY-PROPOXYLATED HEPTAMETHYTRISILOXIZANE SURFACTANTS.

POEA (polyoxyethylene alkylamine; POE- tallowamine) is criticized as being:

• eye irritant, toxic to aquatic organisms
• penetrates cell membranes, disrupting their structure and function

THIS IS HOW SURFACTANTS WORK.  SURFACTANT CONTAINING FORMULATIONS HAVE BEEN LABELED AS TOXIC TO AQUATIC LIFE SINCE 1974. VIRTUALLY ALL ARE EYE IRRITANT FROM SIMPLE SOAP ONWARDS.

This derivative of tallow, a fat rendered from cattle and sheep fat, is the most well known ‘inert’ contained in the original Roundup formulation, and many others. It is claimed that egistration data in New Zealand showed Roundup contained 18% POEA (Watts 1994).

SOME FORMULATIONS HISTORICALLY HAVE GONE AS HIGH AS 18% SURFACTANT, MOST ARE IN THE 8-10 RANGE IF BASED ON POEA.

Mesnage  (a French scientist now in UK) et al have complained that some formulations may contain much higher levels, even as high as 60- 80%, as in the formulation Genamin (Mesnage et al 2013a).

GENAMIN IS NOT A GLYPHOSATE PRODUCT, IT IS A SURFACTANT PROVIDED IN CONCENTRATED FORM WHICH IS USED FOR GLYPHOSATE FORMULATION.

Other inert additives and adjuvants

According to Kim et al (2013), TN-20, a surfactant common in glyphosate formulations, caused cell death and mitochondrial damage in rat cells, which disrupts the integrity of the cellular barrier to glyphosate and promotes its toxicity (Kim et al 2013).

The adjuvant Impacto (alkyl aryl polyglycol ether or alkylphenol ethoxylate), which is usually combined with glyphosate formulations in Argentina, is claimed by some critics to increased cytotoxicity and oxidative stress of the glyphosate formulation Atanar in the human cell line HEp-2 (Coalova et al 2014).

French scietist Defarge et al (2016) claimed  that 6 glyphosate formulations and 5 of their co-formulants decreased aromatase activity in human placental cell at concentrations much lower than for glyphosate alone.

Martini et al (2016) claimed  that adjuvants other than POEA inhibited proliferation and differentiation of mammalian 3T3-L1 broblasts to adipocyctes.

The answers to the above claims are as follows:

TN-20 AND THE OTHER SURFACTANTS MENTIONED, AS WELL AS MOST OTHER SURFACTANTS, HAVE PRECISELY THIS EFFECT ON CELLS IN CULTURE. THEY ARE DESIGNED TO DISRUPT FATS AND CELL MEMBRANES, WHICH IS PRECISELY HOW THEY DO THEIR WORK.
THIS IS TRUE OF MOST SURFACTANTS IN CONSUMER FORMULATIONS LIKE SHAMPOO AND CLEANING PRODUCTS, AND HUMAN EXPOSURE TO THESE OTHER SURFACTANTS IS GENERALLY GREATER BY FAR THAN THAT SEEN FROM GLYPHOSATE. KEEP IN MIND THAT CONSUMER PRODUCTS CAN BE 40-80% SURFACTANT WHILE GLYPHOSATE AS APPLIED HAS 1-2% GLYPHOSATE AND LESS THAN 1% SURFACTANT.

ONE CAN DO THESE EXPERIMENTS IN CELL CULTURE WITH ANY DETERGENT COMMERCIALLY AVAILABLE IN SRI LANKA THAT YOU WANT TO USE, AND SEE PRECISELY THE SAME EFFECTS AT SIMILAR CONCENTRATIONS.

THE VARIOUS ENDPOINTS REPORTED (AROMATASE ACTIVITY, APOPTOSIS, ETC.) ARE NOT THE RESULT OF SPECIFIC INHIBITION OF THOSE PROCESSES- THEY ARE A RESULT OF GENERAL CELLULAR ENERGY DEPLETION, WHICH CAN BE DEMOSTRATED READILY WITH COMMON SURFACTANTS USED IN HOUSEHOLD PERODUCTS.

It is sometimes claimed, just as Dr. Gunathillake implieds in his Daily Mirror article,  that exposure to a glyphosate – based herbicide entails exposure to a wide range of other chemicals as well as the glyphosate, about which it is claimed that  little information is available and the full health effects of which have not been established (in spite of the study on 90,000 farmers exposed to glyphosate formulations monitored for over 23 years and showing no ill effects at all). Some, such as POEA, are known to be more acutely toxic than the glyphosate itself. Others are claimed to be capable of causing serious chronic effects.

POEA IS NOT USED IN DIRECT CONTACT PRODUCTS IN THE US and in most countires. IT IS FOUND IN SOME CLEANING PRODUCTS. TO THE BEST OF OUT KNOWLEDGE THIS IS GENERALLY TRUE.
HOWEVER, THE SHAMPOO, CONDITIONER, LIQUID SOAP, LAUNDRY SOAP, AND DISH DETERGENT AVAILABLE IN SRI LANKA HAS PRECISELY THE SAME EFFECT AND A MUCH GREATER EXPOSURE.

have sen this and previous stuff by Gunathilleke.

The adjuvanats are exactly what is found in toothpaste and shampoos, but in

somewhat weaker concentrations than in shampoos.

If the adjuvant is taken separately, and in high concentration, they have toxic
effects of the sort mentioned by Gunathileke,

just as vitamins, taken in high concentration, have toxic effects.

Unlike shampoos etc., glyphosate is not applied to the body.

Most glyphosate formulations contain less than 5% adjuvant.

If a litre of glyphosate diluted 10 times with water is sprayed as an aerosol over

an hectare, and if this spreads over a leaf canopy of one meter, the

substance is spread over 1 hectare  TIMES one meter volume.

That is, 10,000×1=10,000 cubic meters. This is 10,000,000 liters volume.

So the concentration of adjuvant is (5/10) divided by 10,000,000 per litre.

That is 50  parts PER TRILLION.

That is, totally inconsequential.
[the world population is about 7 billion. If you take it to be 10 billion, and take 10 such earths,

50 parts per trillion is like 5 people in 10 such earths. ]

If the spraying is done with different coentrations, (e.g., 100 times more concentrated)

you can put those figues and see that it is still LESS than or about a few  parts per ten billion.

So, even if you misuse it (at great expense) then you are still in the safe regime.

The claims by Dr. Gunatileke that

0.5 parts per billion it disrupts human endocrine systems
2 parts per billion it becomes anti oestrogenic
5 parts per billion it causes DNA damage
10 parts per billion – completely cytotoxic

are for amounts hundreds of times exceeding the usual exposure from glyphosate, but
if he is right we should stop using shampoos, soaps, and common detergents. However, fortunately, Dr. Gunathilake is dead wrong on his claims.

Gunathileke says that no one talks about adjuvants. Dead wrong. Even textbooks

written in the 1980s discussed them fully. If people don’t talk about an impurity

present at the level of 50 parts per trillion, it is obvious why!  Why doesn’t he talk about

petroleum and diesel residues which are found at the level of parts per thousand?

Gunathilleke and others wrote in 2104 claiming that glyphosate forms a compound with

arsenic and hardwater which causes kidney disease. Scientists have challenged those

authors including Gunathileke to produce even an iota of this compound as such a compound does

NOT exist.

He says nothing about it in his article!

Any scientist or doctor who claims that glyphosate is dangerous becomes an instant hero with the

“green” NGOs, and so some individuals  like to bask in the glory of the “heroism” of attacking “multinationals”.

But it is NOT good science or good  public health advise.

On Wednesday, June 27, 2018, 10:04:54 PM EDT, Ajit Kanagasundram <[email protected]> wrote:

Chandre

Any comments

Ajit

http://www.dailymirror.lk/article/Glyphosate-without-adjuvants-not-very-useful-Prof-Sarath-Gunathilake-151867.html

Glyphosate without adjuvants not very useful : Prof. Sarath Gunathilake

Prof. Sarath Gunathilake

Manufacturers have added these toxic chemicals into Glyphosate and nobody is talking about them! Over the last 25 years, the pesticide industry had us hoodwinked by referring only to Glyphosate and not to the adjuvants

It’s a concern which divides governments, scientists and NGOs across the world, yet Glyphosate has the world’s highest production volumes of all commercial herbicides. The concerns over Glyphosate being a probable carcinogenic, among others, have not deterred agrochemical lobbyist and scientists from deeming it safe for commercial agriculture. Should consumers still be apprehensive about this weedicide?

Professor Sarath Gunatilake M.D., Dr. P.H of California State University, Long Beach, California broached the subject of various health aspects relating to Glyphosate at a guest lecture organised by the Sri Lanka Medical Association recently. The discussion explored Glyphosate Based Herbicides (GBH), Chronic Kidney Disease and cancer, elaborating on the current evidence and the possible implications of using GBH within the tea industry.

Prof. Sarath Gunathilake believes that the debate on Glyphosate has typically been limited to the discussions of the active principle in herbicides and pesticides which is Glyphosate. It’s important to remember that when talking about a herbicide or pesticide, you’re not only talking about the active principle, but also about something we call adjuvants or added chemicals,” he said. Adjuvants play a pivotal role in herbicide formulations and spray mixtures to improve the herbicide’s performance.
If you put a drop of Glyphosate on to a leaf, it will just slip off. But in order to make Glyphosate stick on the leaf while intensifying its actions, manufacturers of herbicides have added adjuvants, which are one thousand times more toxic than Glyphosate itself,” he revealed.

Prof. Gunathilake went on to present his audience with an experiment conducted to establish effects of Glyphosate and the role of adjuvants. In this controlled experiment, a number of tomato plants were treated with pure Glyphosate and three different commercial brands of Glyphosate with adjuvants. According to the experiment, the plants treated with adjuvants began to whither in 72 hours. In 120 hours, all plants treated with the commercial Glyphosate brands died while the plant treated with pure Glyphosate was alive.

It is imperative we understand that the discussion on Glyphosate has been limited to talking about the active ingredient and not about these toxic chemicals. The point I’m trying to raise is that Glyphosate without adjuvants is not very useful. Therefore, manufacturers have added these toxic chemicals into Glyphosate and nobody is talking about them! Over the last 25 years, the pesticide industry had us hoodwinked by referring only to Glyphosate and not to the adjuvants or additives included in these herbicides,” the professor said.

What is Glyphosate and how does it work?

Glycine is one of the simplest amino acids in our body. According to Prof. Gunatilake, agrochemical manufacturers have replaced one of the hydrogen atoms in Glycine, with a phosphate molecule. Monsanto, the company which created the chemical, came up with a very clever argument that Glycine is an amino acid present in the human body and phosphate is present plentifully in our skeletons. The addition of two ingredients that are already present in the human body is totally nontoxic, they said. It’s a clever argument, but it is not the truth!” Prof. Gunatilake charged. What happens in the synthesis of enzymes is that Glycine phosphate gets included by error. Instead of Glycine, we now have Glyphosate entering into the equation. This way Glyphosate has poisoned so many enzyme systems in our body.”

Glyphosate chelates or binds most chemicals and some of its first known uses were to clean blockades in lead pipes with calcium and magnesium deposits. In 1970, Monsanto realised the importance of Glyphosate and registered it as a weed-killer. Within 10-15 years, Glyphosate became the world’s most used, most prevalent pesticide. But its action is very different from many other pesticides and weedicides. When sprayed on a plant, Glyphosate sticks on the leaves. It is then conducted from leaves, through the branches, down the stem, to the roots and to the soil.” But it does not stop there. Glyphosate contaminates soil and also contaminates the water supply and aquatic organisms.

Facts and Fallacies

There are several enzyme system pathways in plants for the synthesis of amino acids similar to our body. This pathway is called the shikimate pathway. Glyphosate blocks one of these key enzymes in the shikimate pathway which is how it blocks the protein synthesis in plants. Here I will point to another falsehood presented by Monsanto. They said the shikimate pathway was present only in plants and therefore it did not affect human beings or animals. It’s a clever argument but once again is not true. Because that shikimate pathway is present in bacteria and it affects all the good, beneficial bacteria in the gut,” the professor explained.

Prof. Gunatilake says there are two reasons why Glyphosate is the world’s most popular weed-killer, the first being genetically modified crops also known as GMOs. Genetic modifications were actually a great discovery designed to address world hunger. In fact, Robert Fraley, the Monsanto scientist, even won the World Food Prize in 2013. His work was expected to lead to higher yielding crops that could resist insects, disease and extremes of climate. Their major discoveries were expected to eliminate world hunger. But did Monsanto try to eliminate world hunger?” questioned Prof. Gunatilake.

Instead of creating such crops, they started creating GMO food or crops that would resist Glyphosate. Sugar beets, for instance, are made resistant to Glyphosate through genetic modification. Alfalfa that is used to feed cows are all genetically modified and these foods have only grown over the last decades, starting from 1996 until recent years,” Prof. Gunatilake said attributing the brand’s success to false advertising campaigns and genetically modified foods

In Sri Lanka, Prof. Gunatilake believes such false advertising has created what he calls a ‘Glyphosate Culture’ where people are completely ignorant of the toxic effects of chemicals. Villagers today, just before uprooting a manioc plant, spray Glyphosate around it, so that the soil loosens making uprooting easy. Farmers divulge that they spray Glyphosate on gunny bags of rice, through and through, to store paddy for years.”

Glyphosate by the numbers

Statistics reveal that the indiscriminate use of Glyphosate has risen 15 fold since 1992 in the US alone. Alarming levels of Glyphosate contamination of food have been reported in the US, where tap water, cow’s milk and plants were not spared. Interestingly, a study citing test results that found trace amounts of Glyphosate in Ben and Jerry’s ice cream caused a stir in 2017. The trace levels reported at a rate of parts per billion (ppb) ranged from 0-1.74 ppb. However, Unilever owned Ben and Jerry’s in a statement instead pointed to similar studies which found organic whole wheat bread testing 78 times higher and a popular whole grain oat breakfast cereal which had 646 times higher levels of Glyphosate. In their statement, Ben and Jerry’s said they were concerned, but not totally surprised. It’s everywhere – from mainstream food to natural and organic food, to rainwater,” the statement said.

Prof. Gunatilake puts these numbers and figures in perspective. He says harm to human health could begin at the ultra-low levels of 0.1 parts per billion of Glyphosate. 0.1 parts per billion alters the gene function, they have found over four thousand altered genes in livers and kidneys of rats. One part per billion causes severe organ damage in rats. Ten parts per billion, researchers have found severely toxic to the livers of rats. Bear in mind that the permitted level of Glyphosate in tap water in the US is 700 parts per billion. In the US, Glyphosate was even found in breast milk about 16 hundred times higher than what is allowed in European drinking water standards,” he revealed.

Meanwhile, a study by the US, published in the Journal of American Medical Association, looked at the Glyphosate excretion in urine of individuals. As Glyphosate was used in a massive scale from 1996 until 2016, there was a 13 fold increase in the excretion of Glyphosate in urine samples. This is sufficient evidence to declare that Monsanto is wrong regarding the bio-accumulation of Glyphosate. The more you use Glyphosate, the more it contaminates our food system and the more it will bio-accumulate in our bodies,” he asserted.

Effects of Glyphosate at different levels:

  • 0.5 parts per billion it disrupts human endocrine systems 
  • 2 parts per billion it becomes anti oestrogenic 
  • 5 parts per billion it causes DNA damage 
  • 10 parts per billion – completely cytotoxic 

Consequences of indiscriminate use

Prof. Gunatilake describes the deadly chemical as an octopus with poisonous tentacles reaching far and wide. Glyphosate exhibits its toxicity, in multiple ways. It interferes with the function of Cytochrome P450 (Cytochrome P450 enzymes are the most important enzymes in Phase-I metabolism in mammals.) There are so many ways it creates toxicity in the body that many experiments have been conducted to show how Glyphosate down-regulates systems. It chelates important minerals such as iron, cobalt and magnesium. As these peer-reviewed studies have shown, you don’t need 30 parts per billion of Glyphosate to cause harm to human health.”

The professor was referring to the world’s first research paper to show a causative link between consumption of Glyphosate at a real world” environmental dose. Female rats were fed with an extremely-low dose of Roundup weed-killer (Glyphosate) in their drinking water over a two-year period and were found to suffer from non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). The dose selected by the researchers at King’s College in the UK was below what people are commonly exposed to in the everyday environment and thousands of times below what is permitted by regulators. The research was led by Dr. Michael Antoniou.

Prof. Gunathilake further elaborated on several diseases which have been linked with exposure to and consumption of Glyphosate. These diseases include diabetes, dementia, kidney disease and even autism. I’m not saying that association causes causation. But the strength of these associations makes you very suspicious. The fact that there is biological plausibility makes you suspicious,” he warned the medical professionals present.

Distressingly, Prof. Gunatilake also revealed that general exposure to pesticides during the third trimester of a woman’s pregnancy appears to be the riskiest. In one study, the odds of having a child with autism were higher; the closer a family has been living to pesticide application. There have been co-relations made between the critical shortages of neurotransmitters in the brain (Neurotransmitters control communication throughout your body and brain).

When Glyphosate gets incorporated into enzymes, it could cause a cascade of metabolic and haemostatic changes that result in kidney injury while amplifying harm from repeated episodes of acute kidney injury induced by harsh occupational conditions that includes conditions like dehydration which occur during working in the open paddy fields,” he said.

People who were exposed to Glyphosate had DNA damage, according to comet testing, a technique used for the detection of DNA damage. What happens to a cell that is exposed to Glyphosate and has this kind of damage? One of three things can happen to such a cell. If the damage is very severe the cell will die. If the cell is able to repair the DNA damage, it is restored to its normal function. If the DNA changes continue, it will end up as a cancer cell. Glyphosate now has been shown to down-regulate or get incorporated into these enzymes that do the repair of damaged DNA, causing the cells to become cancerous.”

Glyphosate and Tea

I won’t speak on the use of Glyphosate in tea plantations as an expert. But I would advise the tea industry with the limited information I have as an occupational medicine physician. As you spray Glyphosate in and around weeds in tea plantations, their resistance will rise. More spraying means more Glyphosate will be added to the environment that will get drained downed the river and will contaminate many of our water supplies. If you want to bring Glyphosate to the tea industry, I advise them to research the effects of commercial weed control. For instance, in a case study in Hapugastenna estate, results show that 20 out of 23 weed species have already developed resistance and cannot be controlled by herbicides such as Glyphosate,” he cautioned. Monsanto’s patent expired in 200. They wanted to keep Glyphosate for themselves and they patented it as an antibiotic. With all the members of the SLMA and the Health Minister present here, I ask you; can the registrar of pesticides prescribe something that is registered as an antibiotic?”

In a concluding note, Prof. Gunatilake said the total evidence amassed by researchers worldwide cannot be ignored. What matters is that we look at the total evidence here. In occupational medicine, that principle is called the weight of evidence. What I have presented to you is the weight of evidence on how toxic Glyphosate is. Some 25,000 have already succumbed to kidney disease in Sri Lanka. How many years will it take for us to prove that Glyphosate is the exact cause of these illnesses?” he queried. When there is mounting evidence of damage to human health, you need to take preventive measures, which were the reason we urged for the ban of Glyphosate in 2015. That evidence has doubled and tripled over the last few years but what did we do as a nation? We took away that ban. The precautionary principle for environmental decision making must be exercised.”

During the lively Q and A session that followed, a member of the audience posed several criticisms to the professor adding that there was not enough evidence to establish a link between Glyphosate and its adverse effects to human health, especially in the case of CKD. Prof. Gunatilake in response said that one requires a holistic view to understand the issue.

We have to look at animal and human evidence, biological plausibility, scientific evidence and the art of policy-making. The argument that Glyphosate is necessary for paddy and tea cultivation is a myth. Some studies from China can show you where they reduced the use of fertiliser and increased food production by 15 per cent,” he said.

Echoing Prof. Gunathilake’s comments, Nutritionist Dr. Damayanthi Perera also present in the audience voiced her concern over the making of public health policies. In making public health policies, you don’t have to wait for conclusive evidence. In the case of the mad cow disease in Europe, when a few people were diagnosed with Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD), they didn’t wait to prove cause and effect. There was a British beef and milk bank that followed. You can’t prove absolute cause and effect. Authorities have to make policy decisions with available data,” Dr. Perera opined.

Profile

Sarath Gunatilake, M.D., MPH, Dr. PH, is a Professor in the Health Science and a Public Health physician who is American Board certified in Public Health and Preventive Medicine in Occupational Medicine.

Prof. Gunatilake is a reviewer for many journals in occupational medicine and environmental medicine. He has won the ‘Research Accomplishment for the Year’ award in 2014 for research on CKD and also an international award of the ‘American Public Health Association’ in 2015 for work on CKDu. He won the ‘Ruth and Milton Rome’ award for excellence in Public Health Practice in 2008 and ‘Community Service’ award of the State University College of Health and Human Science in June 1999.

One Response to “Dr. Gunathillake’s Daily Mirror article about Glypohosate adjuvants and their toxicity.”

  1. Christie Says:

    https://www.greenleft.org.au/content/how-monsanto-papers-expose-corporate-science-fraud

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