Is it celebration or moaning we should do on Tea cultivation in this country as a nation?
Posted on September 3rd, 2017

Dr. Sudath Gunasekara


There is much talk in the press these days about holding a series of Celebratory activities and events to commemorate 150 years of tea production in Sri Lanka. It is also reported that action is underway to organize several events by the Authorities to commemorate 150 years of tea production in Sri Lanka.  A Global Tea Party, an International Tea Convention and a charity auction are among the highlights planned throughout the year to mark this event according to Ground View reports. They are organized by The Ceylon Tea Traders Association, Sri Lanka Tea Board and the Tourist Board and tea companies.

Should Sri Lanka celebrate or moan tea cultivation?

Should Sri Lanka celebrate or moan tea production in Sri Lanka is my question? When you go through the list of destructions and devastative effects left behind by this colonial legacy, in my opinion it is definitely the latter and not the former, we should do as a nation. Celebrations are usually held to mark memorable achievements or a happy occasion. A birthday you celebrate but a death you moan. Celebrating something that has brought disaster and destruction to one’s country or a nation makes is ridiculous. When you look at the devastation and the damage the tea cultivation and connected activities have done to this country within the past 150 years since its introduction, no sensible person will ever imagine celebrating the story of Tea industry in this country. I my opinion it is like someone celebrating the death of his own mother. In this instance they are celebrating the loss of their own bellowed Motherland. How crazy and stupid are they.

Quite contrary to the popularly accepted notion that tea has done enormous good to the development of this country it is high time that at least after 70 years of Independence now we critically examine as to what tea cultivation has actually done to this Island nation. Therefore I suggest that someone undertake a proper assessment of the overall impact tea cultivation has had on the physical, economic, political, social, cultural and technological fields and look for measures to redeem the country from the dire depths to which it has pushed this 2600 year old civilization within a span of 150 years.

In this regard I would like to first focus my readers attention to the enormous physical devastation it had brought about on this country.


In the first place British took over 1.3 million acres of our land by force through colonial invasion and exploitation under various  aggressive devices like the Crown Land Encroachment Ordinance no 12 of 1840, Temple Land Ordinance of 1853 and Wasteland Ordinance of 1897, belonging to the Kandyan peasants and religious institutions like  Buddhist Temples and Devalas. This included the major virgin Forest Reserves (Thanachikele) at the centre of the country declared by Royal decree by the Sinhala Kings as strictly forbidden forest. Out of this over 600,000 acres on the central watersheds were first converted to Coffee and to Tea after 1860. This comprised one of the richest and untouched primordial forest covers in the world with a rich bio diversity not found anywhere else that protected the Central Hill country of this Island nation that provided the mother source for all the rivers in the Island. The entire forest cover, with very few patches here and there, were removed by the vandal invaders to provide for coffee and tea plantations to enrich their Empire and satisfy their greed, depriving a nation’s most valuable natures heritage for the posterity.

The removal of the forest cover also has converted all our torrential and perennial rivers in to trickling rivulets in their upper reaches and sand  silted  river beds leading to menacing flood in the downstream lowlands It has also destroyed the underground water deposits on the high lands that formed the biggest natural ’reservoir’ right at the centre of this Island and drastically affected agriculture all over the country, the very foundation of the economy of this nation by drying up the Dry Zone tanks and causing menacing floods in the Wet Zone. It has also disturbed the climatic conditions due to loss of the montane forest cover and also drastically affected river transportation in the downstream areas making them un-navigable as the Kelani valley Report has pointed out

The nation’s major watershed, that provided the source for all rivers in Sri Lanka that sustained the entire life system and the civilization in this country was thus destroyed and all rivers were left dry in their upper reaches with debris filled river beds in the downstream areas causing heavy floods and playing havocs during rainy seasons.

The destruction of the natural forest cover led to eroding down millions of tons of fertile soil in to the ocean converting the central hills once covered with dense natural forests to an eroded, degraded, unfertile and almost barren land. This situation required heavy use of chemical fertilizer, insecticides and pesticide’s to keep the tea plantation going. The enormous toxic matter annually washed down the rivers from these vast stretches of plantations and extensive vegetable cultivations has polluted all rivers in the country killing valuable aquatic life and particularly filling the Dry Zone Tanks with toxic matter where water gets stored still. The resulting toxic deposits have been the main reason behind the widespread kidney disease which might turn the entire Dry Zone completely unsuitable for human habitation in future. This will have more serious and lasting impact on re-depopulation of the Dry Zone than the conventional malaria and early medieval south Indian Invasions had on its pristine civilization.


Now I would like to briefly touch upon the impact it exerted on economic, political, social, cultural and technological fields.

1Sinhalese as a people have lost their traditional Home land on the hills first to the British and now it is on its way to losing to South Indian estate Tamil labour

2 They were chased out from their historic settlements that resulted in mass exodus in the 19th century. Those few who survived got caged in to narrow valley bottoms below were reduced to abject poverty were gazing at the rapidly sprawling white man’s Tea Empire all over the hills once belonged to them above their isolated valley bottom settlements then and today they are witnessing the handing over these lands by the government elected by them to Indian migrant Estate labour who will own these lands in future, thus dispossessing the sons of their 2600 year old heritage.

3 In the 1818 and 1848 revolts staged by them against the invaders the natives were massacred in thousands, their ripe paddy fields burned, cattle were slaughtered and home gardens, food and fruit trees were destroyed, all irrigation works were destroyed, native institutions like the village councils they themselves later described as the Magna Carta (Village Council system) of the East and those escaped the gun were made to starve and die.

4 All men over 16 years were killed. As Senali Waduge has once wrote ” The British order issued – ‘Kill every man, woman and child including the babes suckling at their mother’s breast. Destroy all dwelling houses. Burn all crops. Cut down all fruit trees. Slaughter all cattle; take what meat is necessary to feed the troops and burn the rest. Destroy all reservoirs, canals and channels. Poison the wells. Lay waste utterly the countryside denying any relief whatsoever to the rebels.’ Major Callabine – 19th regiment, raped women in the villages and left many children before leaving the country. All temples in Uva Wellassa were ransacked; palm leaves where sacred Doctrine, Ayurveda and literature was written were destroyed”.

5 Their irrigation works were all destroyed and paddy fields were left to fallow and some were cultivated with tea and coffee (Eg large stretches of paddy field under Mana Amuna in Uma Oya basin LB)”

6 Remaining paddy fields were heavily taxed leading to confiscation in default

7 Plantation areas were made out of bound for the native Sinhalese

8 All profits were repatriated to British coffers and all riches were mined and taken home

9 Tamil labour also repatriated all their savings to South India

10 The technology introduced by the British for the plantation agriculture on the hills of Sri Lanka was alien and new to the local environment. Unlike the Indigenous system it did not treat resource management in the entire watershed as an integrated and holistic exercise. It is primarily exploitation oriented rather that conservation and sustainability in agriculture. Its objectives were short term profit. Environmentally and ecologically it was unfriendly and devastative and compared with the age old native system the life span of tea cultivation is very much shorter. It is interesting to note here what John Still (1930) a planter and an antiquarian has predicted in this regard ‘the commercial agricultural system would slide back in to forest quicker than the ancient tank agricultural system on the land. (The Hills of Paradise 2001 Breckenridge)

11 Thus overall it was the British planters, Britain and Indian coolies who benefitted from the tea Industry and its riches, and not the native Sinhalese – the sons of the soil.

12The tea cultivation converted the entire central hill country to an enclave of White men and Indian labourers – the future Home land of South Indian Tamils

  1. The British left behind over 1 million Indians coolies whom they brought as indentured coolies when they left the colony in 1948 and leaving behind an ugly political, economic, social and cultural burden and a colonial legacy paving the way for a future Tamilnadu within Sri Lanka, right at the center of the Motherland of the Sinhala nation. Thereby they deprived the Sinhalese, more particularly the Kandyan Sinhalese who fought against the invaders for 500 years from 1505 to defend and protect their Sinhala Buddhist civilization and that was their Motherland land for 2500 years.

This is only a glimpse of what destructions and devastations British have done to this country and particularly to the core of the Kandyan Kingdom and a wee bit of the sad legacies the British colonial invaders and tea cultivation have left behind.

What should we do now?

It is in this backdrop,

I propose that

First, we should organize a massive nationwide mourning and condemnation programme against the Tea Industry instead of the proposed mad celebrations

Second, that the patriotic forces jointly organize a countrywide awareness programme against the crimes the British have committed against this Island nation and its people, from 1797 -1948 an also which they continue to do up to date.

Third, immediately start a struggle to get beck the land the natives have lost during colonial rule

Fourth, file a case in the international courts against the Government and people of the United Kingdom claiming compensation for all the crimes And conspiracies they have committed against us including ,

  1. The land and its resources
  2. The divide and rule colonial policy they have left behind to destroy the Sinhala Buddhist Civilization in this country starting from 1832 with the setting up of Provinces) inclusive of what they continue to do even now
  3. C) Demanding them to repatriate all our archaeological and literary treasure they have plundered and now keeping in their museums and other places.
  4. d) Demand them to take back all Indians they have left behind when they left the shores of this country in 1948. In fact the British should have taken their slaves they brought from India as well when they left the shores of this country and handed over vacant possession to the native Sinhalese from whom they took it over in 1815 March 2nd .

These labourers were then British citizens as India was also a part of the British Empire. The temporary occupier is legally bound to take back his servants as well when he leaves).They were not recognized as Ceylon Citizens in 1948.That is why they were called stateless people. In fact they always behaved and thought as Indian citizens. Only their bodies were here but the minds have been always there beyond the shores. They earn their living here but deposited all what they earned back in India which they always considered their motherland. The same situation continues even today. To that extent all estate Tamils are Indian citizens or people of Indian origin who owes allegiance to India as their motherland, though they have been illegally given Sri Lankan citizenship by our unpatriotic politicians to get their vote and cared and looked after by Sri Lanka government at its own expense.

Fifth, Demand both the British and Indian Governments to immediately stop interfering with the internal affairs of this country at least now as we are a fully pledged free and independent Nation ceased to be a colony of theirs long time ago.

Sixth, Demand them to apologize for all crimes they have committed against our country and its people

Seventh, immediately declare all land over 5000 ft as strict forest reserves and restore the physical stability of the nation’s watersheds lest this green paradise Island become semi arid country for lack of perennial water.


Since Sri Lanka is the only country in the whole world where you get politicians who betray its own native people and commit treachery against them and give preferential treatment to immigrant minorities for political expediency,

I am posing the following question to all those who were supposed to have governed this country from 1948 onwards to date,

1 Have our politicians ever asked the British to hand over a land free from all encumbrances and shackles like the Indian estate labour force,

2 Have you ever asked the British to allow us to make our own Constitution like India

3 Have you ever asked the British for compensation for the enormous damages they have done to this country, particularly to the hill country

4 What have they done to alleviate the problems of the sons of the soils who protected the Motherland from the invaders since 1948

5 Have you restored an inch of their motherland nearing 1.3 million acres they lost to the British?

6 What have you done to implement the recommendations of the Kandyan Peasantry Commission Report of 1951 other than treating the Kandyans as a pack of jack asses since they don’t revolt against the impotence of the Government and the discrimination openly committed against the natives, even worse than what the British had done.

7 What have you done to free the Motherland taken over by the British in 1840, 1853 and 1897 using draconian laws back to  the Sinhala people and Buddhist temples and return them to their original owners.

8 Does any one of you is even aware of the existing crisis the Sinhala people, particularly the  Kandyan are facing, most likely complete extinction within the next 50 years the way the demographic changes are taking place, both in numbers and ethnic polarizations all over the country

9 Have you ever seen at least in your dreams the appalling denial of human rights & land rights of the Kandyan peasantry on whose lands the tea was forcibly grown.

10 Isn’t it is time all those whose lands were forcibly taken away had their grievances addressed first and justice meted out before you run after Tamil labourers for their vote.

The stark truth is NO

In this backdrop is it the British imperialist alone who have to be blamed for all these problems faced by this country and the plethora of unsolved sad legacies left behind for us by the British.

In this scenario I am not against writing by anyone on the Indian estate labour or addressing their human problems like the opinion expressed in ‘From Tamil Nadu to Badulla: A Century in the Tea Estates of Sri Lanka” What I am grieved is against the lethargy, Treachery, inactiveness, and un-patriotism of our own self- centered politicians. My grievance is why don’t we have a single politician or any social leader, ecclesiastic or lay, now, as we had in 1940s, to shed a tear for the millions of Kandyan Peasants who once owned and occupied these lands as their motherland.


All tea estates are now running at a loss. 76 % of production (Ceylon Business) is reported from the small holder sector where as it constitutes a small percentage of the total acreage under tea in the country. Isn’t this a pathetic situation? Why should we maintain such a large extent of large tea acreage with State subsidies right at the center of the hill country which has done so much damage to the nation an continues to do the same. Most of the plantations are marginal and unproductive and the whole tea industry today has become a national curse and a huge white elephant. Are we not maintaining an unpatriotic, parasitic and hostile Indian population from a Sri Lankan point of view, whose total allegiance is to India?  The Estate sector is running with Treasury money. Its management and even the salaries of labourers are paid by the State. That simply means we are maintaining 1.2 m Indian Estate labour force whose hearts and souls are in India and only the bodies are here at Government expense. Furthermore it is also revealed that most of the tea estates are presently owned by foreign interests.

In short first the colonial British administration forcibly robbed more than 1.3 million acres of our motherland for tea cultivation and deprived and fully destroyed the nation, its geographical ‘Heartland’ that remained a national heritage for thousands of years along with all its forests, animals and birds that made it their home was destroyed, resulting in the destruction of one of the richest biodiversity reserves in the world. British left behind a legacy of deforested, eroded, degraded, unfertile land a British hatched long term plan to hand it over to the  Indian Tamil labour they brought here in the latter part of the 19th century as slaves to work on British plantations and create an Indian sub province within this country just to destabilize and ruin this Island Nation that was once the envy of the whole world . The present government has already made final plans to complete what was started by the British, before 2025. Their programe of giving estate lands to Tamil labour and the Ten Year Upcountry Tamil Village and Infra Structure Development Plan and the special Ministry and the Authority set up for that are conclusive proof of their intentions and traitorous plans.

Above all Tea plantation has planted a deadly political time bomb right in the The Heartland” of this Island Nation thus threatening the future independence and political stability of this Nation State that had remained the only Sinhala Buddhist nation for the past 2600 years. This is the stark reality and the saddest legacy British Colonialism and Tea cultivation has left behind to us.

As for me I am deeply grieved that there is no one to save this country from this virtual nemesis.

So I ask ‘Celebration or moaning’?  Over to you all patriots?.

5 Responses to “Is it celebration or moaning we should do on Tea cultivation in this country as a nation?”

  1. Christie Says:

    Ask Modi? He came to celebrate the same. Did you see his address to Indians in Norwood.

    It is the sad celebration for the majority but a happy one for the minority who run the country.


    Thanks Dr. Sudath Gunasekera for your timely article. Let me add the following to what you have stated.

    All colonial powers associated with Sri Lanka in the past are guilty of serious crimes of acute proportions. The British were the worst of them all. The British occupation of Sri Lanka was not only gravely crime-prone, but one of sheer treachery, exploitation and devastation of our country and people. It is a fact that all colonial powers acted on pure and absolute “self-interest”. British occupation of Sri Lanka was one of sheer exploitation and devastation. Whatever benefits that were derived by local inhabitants were merely incidental to their exploitation of the country’s natural and human resources in order to reap enormous benefits for the British government. The vast changes that they brought about in almost all areas of life in the country, led to the disruption of the long-held Sinhala Buddhist culture, social values and way of life of the island’s main stream community – the Sinhala Buddhists.

    The primary motive of the British was the exploitation of the country’s natural and human resources to the fullest, in order to reap benefits for the British government. They installed a well-planned program of activities in Sri Lanka, for a continuous period of about 150 years, which led to the greatest damage to the country’s social cohesion, unity and dignity.

    Outer-Oriented Economy
    The economic independence of the country was destroyed by the British by converting the long-standing self-sufficient sustainable economy of our country to an outer-oriented, unstable commercial economy dependent on fluctuating external world markets. Sri Lanka’s economy was transformed to become a cheap source of agricultural raw material for industries in Britain. The economy became so badly outer-oriented, a greater part of essential food requirements of the large mass of our people had to be imported from other countries.

    Environmental Degradation and Natural Disasters
    Forested mountain slopes were cleared extensively, in a most ruthless manner to be converted to commercial crops, especially tea for export. This had a devastating impact on the natural resources base of the country leading to drastic changes in normal environmental processes resulting in excessive soil erosion, landslides, increased flooding alternating with severe drought conditions. These calamities mostly affected local inhabitants in rural areas, especially the indigenous Sinhala Buddhists.

    Sharp Decline of Peasant Agriculture
    Traditional agriculture declined rapidly with vast areas of former productive land either being abandoned owing to neglected irrigation facilities or being acquired by the British for development of export agriculture – coffee, tea and rubber in particular. Traditional agriculture was a way of life for the people. It had the influence of bringing about social cohesion, or a sense of togetherness among people. They worked jointly helping in each other in their farm activities. It provided them with sufficient leisure time to be engaged in other productive and creative pursuits including cultural and religious activities.

    Import of South Indian Tamil Labourers
    Under the infamous “Waste Lands Ordinance” plantations were established on lands expropriated from the rural Sinhala people, without compensation. Rural Sinhala people considered it below their dignity to work as virtual slaves for the British in the newly opened coffee and tea plantations. Because the dispossessed Sinhala people were unwilling to work on the plantations the British imported Tamil laborers from South India, who later became a new element in the demographic composition of the country.

    Loss of Freedom and Privileges
    As far as the ordinary people were concerned, the loss of freedom and privileges that they enjoyed under their kings and traditional leadership had a strong negative psychological impact on people. This situation did not permit the emergence of leaders from rural areas where the large mass of the dominant community lived. Besides, royal patronage was the strongest form of motivation and support for those involved in creative cultural pursuits in ancient times. These supports were no longer available to our people.

    British Policy of ‘Divide and Rule’
    To serve their narrow self-interests, the British practiced a “divide and rule” policy by setting one community against the other. Their ‘divide and rule’ policy of providing special privileges to Tamils and setting the Tamils against the Sinhala people was definitely the beginning of ethnic problems in Sri Lanka. It is a well-known fact that the British gave special privileges to the Tamil minority and those of the Christian faith. They were provided with better opportunities for education, employment and other government services. The Tamils and Christians soon became privileged communities. In terms of the density of schools per unit area, the Jaffna district had the highest density. In 1870 there were only two Buddhist schools left in the country – in Panadura and Dodanduwa, with an attendance of 246 children as against 805 Christian Schools with an attendance of 78,086 children.

    As far as the Sinhala community is concerned, for generations in the past, their traditional places of learning were the Buddhist temples where Buddhist monks were teachers of both religious and secular subjects. These centers and Buddhist monks were not accorded the same privileges/support accorded to Christian missionary schools and teachers in urban areas.

    Perhaps there was no other time in the long history of Sri Lanka that so much of blood was shed by the Sinhala people to free the country from British crime and oppression. Prior to the Kandyan Convention of 1815, thousands upon thousands of Sinhala people sacrificed their lives to free the country from colonial repression. More were killed by the British during the rebellion of 1818 and 1848. During the Kandyan rebellion of 1818, every man over 14 years was ordered by the British to be killed and some sixty thousand Sinhala people were massacred. Among the large number of local leaders annihilated by the British, the better known were Veera Keppetipola, Veera Puran Appu and Veera Gongalegoda Banda. This is the story of war crimes of the British in Sri Lanka, but similar or much worse war crimes have been committed by this monstrous nation globally – in Africa, South and North Americas and other Asian countries in the past.

    Outer-Oriented Sub-Culture
    Kolambe or the Colombo City assumed prominence as the commercial centre and also the center of learning and opportunities for better employment and better amenities for living. This created an outer-oriented, English-speaking urban sub-culture consisting mostly of Sinhala Christians, with attitudes and behavior patterns not too different to the British. They adopted a social value system that was alien to the large majority of our people. Some of our people went after their colonial masters, following their theistic religion and western cultural norms, in order to gain positions and material benefits. This again was an aspect of divide and rule policy of the British.

    Most of the local, outer-oriented urban elite which included the so called Sri Lankan leaders, held to half-baked foreign values, superficialities and strange ways of living. They were barely conversant with the plight of the majority of people – the ordinary Sinhala people in particular. They were not representative of the large mass of people, but became the trusted servants of the British administration. Almost all of the qualified professionals belonged to or subscribed to this sub-culture. The British left no room for the leadership to emerge from the truly indigenous people.

    The excessively poor living conditions of the large mass of Sinhala rural folk led to migration of youth to Colombo and other big towns. Some were subjected to the influence of the extremes forms of undesirable urban culture that was gaining ground in urban areas. Alcohol abuse, crime and underworld activities of later years, may be explained in terms of this urban migration.

    Westernized Colombo Sub Culture
    When the British left Sri Lanka in 1948, they made sure that power remained in the hands of the English educated and English speaking few, who were toeing their line. To make matters worse, power -political, administrative, and economic was inherited by those belonging to the westernized Colombo sub-culture dominated by Christians and Catholics. Most of the qualified professionals subscribed to this sub-culture.

    It is most unfortunate that we did not have inner oriented, self-less leaders committed to work for the welfare of the common mass of the long downtrodden people. We did not have leaders in the political arena who were true representatives of the national Sinhala Buddhist culture, who were able to feel the pulse and listen to the heart beat of ordinary people of the nation. The same may be said about the administrative bureaucracy that we had which was nothing but a legacy of the British colonial period.

    With several centuries of oppression and undermining to the national culture, the British left behind a country, that was outer oriented economically, socially and culturally. Conditions were not favourable and opportunities were highly limited for the emergence of nationally minded local leaders and eminent professionals accomplished in various fields of human endeavor, especially on various elements of the national culture such as literature, music and performing arts, visual arts and crafts, providing inspiration for our people, especially the younger generation.

    Sacrifices of the Sinhala Buddhist People
    It is annoying to hear some people say that we did not shed blood to gain our freedom, unlike India. This is plain nonsense. Those who are better conversant with our nation’s colonial history know that much blood was shed for freedom. Prior to the Kandyan Convention of 1815, thousands upon thousands of Sinhala people sacrificed their lives to free the country from colonial repression. Thousands were killed during the 1818 and 1848 rebellions against British rule. During the 1818 rebellion every male over 14 years was ordered to be killed by the British, which resulted in the massacre of some sixty thousand Sinhala people. Veera Keppetipola, Veera Puran Appu and Veera Gongalegoda Banda were among the large number of patriotic local leaders who were annihilated by the ruthless British. How hypocritical of the British to talk today of ‘Human Rights’ violations in contemporary Sri Lanka.

    “Independence” With Colonial Connections
    On February 4th, 1948, we obtained the so-called Dominion Status with the Queen of England as the Head of State and with the British maintaining military bases in Katunayake and Trincomalee and aging Englishmen being appointed as our Governor Generals. At this “independence”, the British left for us a highly dependent and outer oriented economy at the mercy of the British and the world market. It took about ten years for our government to take over the Military bases established by the British in our country. It took twenty years for our government to take the initiative to free Sri Lanka completely from the colonial yoke, by making our country a Republic without any links with the British crown.


    We need a movement for the revival of the nation’s Sinhala Buddhist culture, where the welfare of the ordinary citizens, particularly the marginalized Sinhala Buddhists, receive priority attention. It should be a movement to revive cultural nationalism with a sound leadership, to save the nation from disintegration, to halt the rapid erosion of social values, and to direct society towards cultural rejuvenation based on the traditional Buddhist value system which is characterized by non-violence, tolerance and peaceful co-habitation with all communities who have made Sri Lanka their home.

    A patriotic government of the future, should establish a Commission of Inquiry into the human rights violations and economic devastation caused in Sri Lanka, then Ceylon, during the British Rule. Based upon its findings the government should call upon the Government of the United Kingdom to pay suitable compensation for those atrocities committed by the British during their rule in Sri Lanka, then Ceylon. “Much publicity has to be given to the findings of such an inquiry supported by historical evidence available in many documents so as to expose the barbaric manner in which the Sri Lankans were dealt with by the British. In the alternative the Sri Lankan Government ought to call upon the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs of the United Kingdom to initiate such an inquiry and display their genuineness on accountability in such matters”.

    Dr. Daya Hewapathirane

  3. Dilrook Says:

    It is time to end this environmental and humanitarian catastrophe called the tea industry. When the total imports and state subsidies to sustain the tea industry are factored in, it is an enormously unprofitable industry.

  4. Nimal Says:

    We must thank the colonials for our tea plantations that gives us some income for the country.

  5. Fran Diaz Says:

    What a ghastly time Colonisation of nearly 500 yrs brought to Sri Lanka !

    Where is, at least, the compensation for such crimes against the citizens of Lanka ?
    Colonial crimes are so vast, one wonders whether any type of compensation can be adequate.
    Has loss of self dependence, self respect and honor, a price tag ?

    Various additional aspects of knowledge the Colonisers brought in may have been achieved without the horrendous experience of colonisation, isn’t it ?

    Referring to present times, what are the RW/CBK duo (with MS in tow), trying to achieve ?
    “Crash & Sell” (add ‘Revenge”) program for Re-colonisatiion of Sri Lanka ?

    Time for ALL PATRIOTS to unite and heal Sri Lanka.

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