Moddely Tamby – the Father of Vellahlas 
Posted on April 23rd, 2016

H. L. D. Mahindapala

It is hindsight that throws insights to create and illuminate foresight. That is the beauty  and value of history. It gives meaning. It also throws up warning signs for  those with 20-20 vision to read the road map that points the way to destinations. Those who refuse to look back and gain the advantages of hindsight are like drivers on the road speeding  without a rear vision mirror : they would never know what would come  from behind and whack  them off course.

A critical look at the past would  also provide ample signs of the shape of  things to come. If, as they say, coming events cast their shadows then one  has to go no further than Moddeley Tamby to get a glimpse of the explosive events that came down from the north in the 20th century. Moddeley Tamby, hitherto unknown Tamil Vellahla Cannecapul (a writer / clerk) attached to the Commander of Jaffnapatnam, is a name that was buried in the archives of the Dutch. He figures prominently in the Memoirs of the Commander of Jaffna, Hendri  Zwaardecroon, who sacked him. All hell broke loose after  that. Zwaardecroon had committed the big crime of sacking a Vellahla Cannecapul and appointed another from the rival Madapally caste. In typical Vellahla fashion Moddeley Tamby rounded up the powerful Vellahlas and with some extra help from the Vanni he led the first Vellahla revolt against the Dutch. This is the first time that the Vellahlas flexed their political muscle. This was also the first of the many Vellahla encounters that were to follow and end in the violence endorsed in the Vadukoddai Resolution. There is no doubt that Moddeley Tamby’s revolt shook the Dutch administration.

The Vellahla struggle for power in the administration was worrisome to the Dutch. They knew that Vellahlaism was the root cause of the problem. They kept a sharp eye on it. Zwaardecroon’s report on  Tamby’s riot is an accurate characterisation of Vellahlaism that  is valid even to this day. He presents a clear descriptive view of the prevailing caste politics, particularly the power of the Vellahlas and how well entrenched they were in the system even during the time of the Dutch. In his Memoirs Zwaardecroon says that the Vellahlas had the virtual monopoly of the jobs in the Dutch administration. The tax collectors, Majoraals, (minor village officials), Cannecapuls, Arachchies etc., came from the Vellahla caste. For instance, Don Philip Sangerapulle, from Cannengray, a native of evil repute”, had obtained during the years 1689 and 1690 all the advantages he desired for  his caste and  for his followers. This went so far as to the appointment of even schoolboys as Majoraals and Cayals from the time they left school.” The Vellahla monopoly was not welcome by Zwaardecroon. He brought it to the notice of Governor Thomas van Rhee who authorized him to make the necessary changes, that so many thousands of  people should no longer suffer by the oppression of the Bellales, who are very proud and despise all other castes, and who had become  so powerful that they were able not  only to worry and harass the poor people, but also prevent them from submitting their complaints to the authorities.”

He adds that it has always been a rule here not to restrict the appointment to these offices to the Bellales, but to employ the Madapallys and other castes as well, to serve as a counteracting influence; because this means the  inhabitants were  kept  in peace and through the jealousy of the various  castes the ruler  was always in a position to know  what was going  on in the country.”

Zwaardecroon now comes  to the the riot of Moddeley Tamby. He says: All these reasons induced  His Excellency Thomas van Rhee to give me  leave to bring about the necessary changes which have not been introduced. I appointed the Collector  of Waddemoraatje as my Cannecapul  in place of of Moddeley Tamby, whose place  I filled with the new Collector of Madapally caste, while also a new Collector was appointed for Timmoraatsche in place of Don Juan Mandala Nayaga, whom the late Mr. Blom  had discharged from office in one place. ….I have further transferred two  Collectors in the large Province  of Wallegamo, so as to gradually bring about the desired change in the interest of the Company and that of the other castes; but I heard that this small change created so much disturbance and canvassing that haad to leave the matter alone. The Bellales, seeing that they would be shut out from these profitable  office and that they would lose influence they possessed so far, and being the largest in number and the wealthiest of the people, moved heaven and earth to put a stop to the carrying into effect of this  plan  so prejudicial to their interests. With this view they also joined the Wannias Don Philip Nellampane and Don Gaspar Illengenarene Mudliyar in their conspiracies, The latter two, also Bellales, well aware that they owe many elephants to the Company, as stated at the beginning of tis Memoir, and  known  that their turn would also come, organized the riots in which the said Moddely Tamby was the principal  instrument. … They also probably understood  that it was my intention to diminish the influence of the Bellala caste, and were thus induced to take its course to promote the welfare of their caste.”

In many respects Moddeley Tamby represents the Vellahla political culture that dominated the colonial and post-colonial landscape. Understanding Moddeley Tambi is the key to understanding colonial and post-colonial history that flowed from Jaffna. It is the clear that he was fighting for one cause only : vellahlaism. He was fighting with the Dutch not because the job of Cannecapul went to a fellow-Tamil. No. He was fighting to grab a key post in the Dutch administration because the loss of  it would  diminish the influence  of  the Bellala caste.” He was fighting to retain  the  power of the Vellahlas for the Vellahlas. Profit, power, position and prestige depended on holding key administrative positions. The Vellahlas were craving for power and getting a firm foothold in the administration  was another way of sharing  power with the rulers. Vellahla politics  from the time of Moddeley Tamby was focused  on grabbing a lion share of power in the administration. This is the factor that rose to monstrous proportions in the post-colonial  period and dominated the national agenda.

The Dutch colonial setting in which Moddeley Tamby and the Vellahlas came into prominence is also important to understand the rise and flow of Vellahla politics from the 17th century to the present. The Dutch period is, indeed, a watershed for the Vellahlas because they consolidated their power and position during this period. The rise of Vellahlas as a political force in the Dutch period is highlighted by R. F. Young and Bishop S. Jebanesan in their scholarly study of Jaffna society, The Bible Trembled, The  Hindu-Christian Controversies of Nineteenth-Century Ceylon, Vienna, 1995. They wrote: The peninsula became a Vellahla domain only in the Dutch era  when the coastal Karaiyar caste, the bulk  of  which had become  Catholic in the sixteenth century, was dispossessed from positions of administrative power by Vellahlas (Protestants (nominally at least) and Hindus) of untainted loyalty. In gratitude the Dutch granted concession to Vellahla landowners, especially those who cultivated tobacco, the region’s most lucrative plantation product. A steady supply of labour had been guaranteed by bonding the Nalava (the regional term for Tirunelveli toddy-tappers) and other subordinate castes to them as soil slaves”. The Vellahlas were, therefore, advantageously positioned to affiliate remuneratively with the British when the Dutch were overthrown.” (p. 104).

Moddeley Tamby’s riot  is the first political act of the Vellahalas to assert their right to be in commanding positions to exert power, even if it was as subordinate agents of the colonial masters. They emerged as a political force with the riot of Moddeley Tambi demanding that the privileged position of the Vellahlas as the ruling elite in the caste hierarchy should be preserved at any cost. Besides, the land grants given to them by the Dutch, the lucrative trade of tobacco, the mass importation of slaves by the Vellahlas to work their tobacco  plantations, their privileged position  in the Dutch administrative service and the Vellahla violence, their unofficial political tool, to maintain their supremacy were some of the factors that strengthened their power as a political force. It was also in 1707 that the Dutch enthroned the Tesawalamai, the laws and customs  of  the Jaffna Tamils, endorsed by the 12 Vellahla Mudliyars, as the guide to their rule. This legalised and enhanced the power of the Vellahlas to impose  their law on the slaves and  the other low-castes. Of course, the Dutch too was keen on learning the laws and customs of the natives. That would also help them to  pursue  their policy of divide and rule among the competing castes more effectively. In 1697, Zwaardecroon had suggested the need for a a concise digest” of those customs which might serve for  the instruction of  the members of the Court of  Justice as well as for new rulers arriving here.” (p.11, The Administration of Justice in Ceylon under the Dutch Government 1656 – 1796, Prof. T. Nadaraja, Journal of he Ceylon Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society, New Series, Vol XII, 1968.)

The Dutch were the first to face the wrath  of the Vellahlas. They found it necessary to study the pervasive and pernicious caste system for them to govern Vellahla-dominated Jaffnapatnam.  They also felt the need to balance the caste rivalries if they were to maintain law and order. Governor Thomas Van Rhee drew up the first list of castes in Jaffna. He identified 40 caste groups. He  listed the Vellahlas as the most numerous  of all castes”.  (p.7 – Memoirs). They were also the most  influential and rich. Zwaardecroon who had a rather cynical view of  the Vellahlas wrote : It is a well-known fact that the more  influential natives always try to oppress the  poorer  classes, and it will be impossible to prevent their doing this  if they allowed  to become stronger than they already are.” (p.28 – Memoirs).

The oppression, cruelty and the injustices of the Vellahlas were exasperating to the Dutch rulers. Anthony Mooyart, a successor to Zwaardecroon, wrote : It is extremely difficult, although quite necessary, to administer even justice in this (Jaffna) Commandment, so as to maintain the reputation held  by the Netherlanders for  wise and  just government, and at the same time win the hearts of the natives and secure their loyalty. I found it  most difficult  to  protect the  poor  when they had the right on their side  from the  peculation of their  own (Vellahla) countrymen. Those who have the power and held in estimation by the authorities (i.e., the Vellahlas) are like birds of  prey, who strip their victims to the bone of everything they have and leave them hardly their lives. When a poor man brings a charge against  an influential Malabaar (i.e., there were no Tamils those days), or  had been injured by him, the latter uses his  influence  in such a way that if steps be not taken to bring the offender to justice, the offence remain undetected, or if detected, the facts are so perverted that the  poor man does not receive the justice  which he is entitled to; while again, many others are accused who are  perfectly innocent. Powerful or rich Malabaars, and even ordinary Lascoreen, often bring charges against innocent people toward  whom they have a  grudge, or when they fail to extort from them as much as they wish it.” (p.6 – Dutch Memoirs, Mooyart.)

The Vellahla riot led by Moddeley Tamby should be placed against  this political background. The moment I stumbled into this incident whole new vistas opened up before my eyes. A Vellahla leading a riot to get back a job in the government service rang a bell. I saw Moddeley Tambi in a different light. I saw the the primary source of all the cries of grievances and discrimination that  plagued the colonial and post-colonial periods  written large in neon lights in the VellahaIa face of Moddeley Tambi. I saw the seeds of violence he sowed in his riot exploding with greater devastating force in the 20th and 21st centuries.  I also saw the rise of Sir Kanthiah Vaithianathan as Permanent Secretary to the Prime Minister D. S. Senanayake. I saw the globe-trotting Raju Coomaraswamy, the father of Radhika Cooomarswamy, sitting pretty as the  king of the Treasury, very much like S. Paskaralingam in Ranil Wickremesinghe Treasury today. I saw Dr. S. Chellapah, the Director of Health, Lt. Col. Anton Muttukumara. the first Sri Lankan Army Commander, Rajan Kadiragamar, the Navy Commander, M. Tiruchelvam, Neelan Tiruchelvam’s father, the Solicitor-general, K. C. Nithiyananda, the head of the powerful Government Clerical Service Union etc., etc.,—all marching  behind  Moddely Tamby,  following  his footsteps.  In hindsight, I saw Moddeley Tamby as the father of the Vellahla Tamils who dominated the public  service. I saw him as the first Vellahla activist setting the example for grabbing power with violence, if  necessary.

The Moddeley Tamby mentality of the Vellahlas has been to capture the second  tier of power in the administration because that is the next best option available  to those who can’t capture legislative power at the peak political  tier. And  they guarded this  privileged  position in the administration with their lives. Moddeley Tambi  rebelled against the Dutch because the Vellahla supremacy was threatened and the Vellahlas never tolerated any threat to their  status. He began as a betel carrier to Sangarepulle from Cannengray, a native of evil repute.” (p. 24 – Dutch Memoirs, Hendri  Zwaardecroon, the Commandeur of Jaffna.). That, however, is irrelevant. What comes to fore is that he was first and foremost a Vellahla – the  most  numerous” and powerful of the 40 castes enumerated by the Dutch. Moddeley Tamby raised the banner of ONLY Vellahlaism and not any cause of the Tamils. Nor did he raise an anti-colonial, pro-nationalist cry. His  main objective was to retain the  public  service  job for the Vellahlas. His resistance was to prevent it going to a rival caste, who was also a Tamil, by the way. Keeping government jobs in Vellahla hands is their way of power sharing with the rulers. Power sharing at any level  is an  obsession with the Vellahlas.  They would  not hesitate  to walk over the dead bodies of  their fellow-Tamils to get there.

This is why the Dutch had to face a riot. Giving an important post like a Cannecapul to the Commander of Jaffnapatnam to a non-Vellahla was an affront to Vellahla status and supremacy.  It  is Moddeley Tamby’s role as a Vellahla political activist, defending Vellahla supremacy, that makes him standout from the rest of his contemporaries. Historically too, he should have come into the limelight because he stands out as the first representative of political Vellahlaism which became a dominant political factor in the colonial and post-colonial  history of Sri Lanka. He  is the archetypal figure that represents the essence of Vellahla-centric politics that streamed down from the Dutch period to contemporary times. The main strands of casteist politics that dominated Jaffna had hardly changed since he set the pattern in his riot against the Dutch.

In the Dutch records,  Moddely Tamby emerges as the first Vellahla political man who gave the lead to casteist politics. In time Vellahla casteism spread like cancer  eating into the body politic  of Jaffna and from there to  the rest of the nation.  Vellahlaism was injected into every move and counter-move that came  out  of Jaffna. The irony is that the Vellahla  riot led by Moddeley Tambi was so insignificant it  never even reached the footnotes of mainstream  history, either in the north or the south. It remained buried in the records of the Dutch. As far as I know this is the first time that it has been taken out from its obscurity and examined for what it is worth. At first I was startled by the fact that the obedient and obsequious” Vellahla Tamils had revolted against the Dutch. And the more I looked into it the more I was fascinated by Moddeley Tamby’s  role. It struck a  note in me.  I realised that Moddeley Tamby represent more  than a Vellahla man fighting for his  job in the Dutch public service. It dawned on me that he was the first of the many Jaffna Tamils who would fight tooth and nail for jobs in the public service. Looking back with all the advantages of  hindsight, I could not help note that he was the precursor of cataclysmic events to come.

Moddeley Tamby was driven by the internal casteist dynamics that were to determine the course of events which ended eventually in Nandikadal. He was the first to demonstrate the craze for clerkship” in public service – a phrase coined by the Tamil Bishop of the Church  of South India in Jaffna, Sabapathy Kulendra, quoted in S. J. V. Chelvanayakam and the Crisis of Sri Lankan Tamil Nationalism, 1947 – 1977, A Political Biography, A. J. Wilson,  (p. 72). This craze for clerkship” has been the bane of Jaffna  politics  When G. G. Ponnambalam went before the Soulbury Commission and delivered his nine-hour lecture his main complaint was about discrimination in public service jobs – the only growth industry under colonialism. After examining the evidence the Commissioners dismissed it as stuff and  nonsense. In fact, they found the Jaffna Tamils, mainly the English-educated Vellahlas, were occupying a disproportionate share of jobs in the public service.

Government service has been a second religion to the Vellahlas, next to Saivism. To the Jaffna Tamils acquiring jobs in the public service was like power-sharing in the administration  of the day.  Being in the commanding heights of the ruling administration gave them an advantage in  policy-making and decision-making at the highest level. They were able to monitor and influence in devious ways politics to serve their interests. It was the next best thing to running a state of  their own. I remember K. C. Nythiananda, the firebrand head of the Government Clerical Service Union, telling me: You (meaning Sinhalese) govern. We (meaning Tamils) rule!”. Moddely Tambi was the first Vellahla Tamil who  had the identical ambitions of Nythiananda: others may govern but the Vellahlas always wanted to rule. In short, Jaffna, as a discrete political force, cannot be understood without taking into account the internal casteist dynamics that caused Moddeley Tambi to riot against the Dutch for a job in government service. It is the vaulting  ambitions of  the Vellahla supremacists  to rule that came out of the colonial  period  and dominated the post-colonial period as a destructive political force.

Vellahlaism was a politically sophisticated  force. They gravitated towards power and  would  go to great lengths to go to bed  with anyone to share power under the cover of dirty, stained sheets.The casteist mentality of Moddeley Tambi, focused particularly on capturing seats in the government, was an obsession with the Vellahla Tamils. Prof. A. J. Wilson confirmed this when he wrote :  On the whole. the Tamil vellalas have dominated government  service and the professions, with the occasional member from the minority caste.” ( p.140 – Ibid). To the Vellahla Tamils it was more than dowry-earning, permanent, pensionable job, with railway warrants for free travel. It was, most of all, a political power base where they had the ear of the rulers of the day. Public service became a leading power base of the English-educated, Saivitie, Jaffna, Vellahla Tamils. So when Chelvanayakam decided  to make the biggest  proclamation of  his career, the  decision  to establish a separate state for Tamils, he did not make it in Jaffna, the so-called heartland of the Tamils. He made it at the Government Clerical Service Union, (GCSU) Headquarters in Maradana. On December 14, 1949 he and his lieutenants trooped into a room, upstairs  and announced his ambition to be the Jinnah of Sri Lanka. He had calculated quite  correctly that for him  to win Jaffna he had to win the English-educated, Saivite, Vellahlas public servants. On this day Chelvanyakam manifested himself as a reincarnation of Moddeley Tamby blown up into monstrous proportions. Christian Chelvanayakam is the Tamil genie that came out of the Saivite-Vellahla bottle and took Jaffna  for a ride all the way to Nandikadal.

The craze for clerkship” in the public service began with Moddeley Tamby.  His caste-driven riot against the Dutch contains the quintessence of Jaffna politics which informed and determined the politics of Jaffna since then. He was, in short, trying to assert the divine right of the Vellahlas to rule. The unbroken continuity in the forces of Jaffna politics that determined  its character throughout the colonial and post-colonial period, stemmed from the casteist factors raised and pursued by Moddeley Tamby ruthlessly. He is the  primordial source and  force of Vellahlaism, with a craze for clerkship”.

He represents  the most  dominant political strand that ran through the colonial and post-colonial history : vellahlaism. This has been the most  neglected aspect in the multitudinous volumes written on Sri Lankan history. Moddeley Tamby deserves a special place in the history of Jaffna because he  is the first pioneering political activist to the raise the Vellahla banner and fight for the Vellahlas. The rest who followed him were mere imitators who ran, carrying his violent Vellahla banner, all the way to Nandikadal. It is Moddeley Tamby’s Vellahla spirit and essence that was infused into the laws and customs  written down in Tesawalamai confirming the supremacy of the Vellahlas. In fact, the Dutch drafted and instituted the Tesawalamai because they felt the need understand the violent Vellahlaism unleashed by Moddeley Tamby. It is the revised version of Moddeley Tamby’s casteist ideology, seeking supremacy and legitimacy in every realm, that subsequently led to the anointment of the Vellahlas as the divinely ordained elite over all other castes by Arumuka Navalar – the caste fanatic. It was to retain the supremacy of the Moddeley Tamby’s casteism that Sir. Ponnambalam Ramanathan went all the way to London to pressure the Colonial Office to legalise it. It was Moddeley Tamby who reincarnated as Prof. C. Suntheralingam and  stood flailing  his walking stick to keep the low-castes out of the inner  courts of Maviddipuram Temple. It was Moddeley Tamby who came  out of the casteist bottle at the GCSU Hall in Maradana and  spoke through Chelvanayakam whose ambition  was to rule as the leader  of the Vellahlas.

None of these leaders ever stood genuinely for the  oppressed Tamils who were kicked around as subhuman pariahs during the feudal and  colonial centuries. They were all cut-outs of Moddeley Tamby imitating him, sometimes in  refined ways and sometimes in crude violence. In the end, it was Moddeley Tamby’s Vellahla violence  that was honed and unleashed by Velupillai Prabhakaran – the Vellahla proxy who became the unwitting tool of the Vellahla politics wrapped crudely in the distorted  history outlined in the Vadukoddai Resolution.

It is the Moddley Tamby mentality that created Jaffna jingoism and its latest avatar, C. V. Wigneswaran.

On the available historical evidence it is fair to conclude  this essay by saying  that all violent and  non-violent Tamil leaders who had fought only for the Vellahlas and  their divisive  politics are nothing but perverted doppelgangers of Moddeley Tamby – the Father of Vellahlas.

7 Responses to “Moddely Tamby – the Father of Vellahlas ”

  1. anura seneviratna Says:

    “It is hindsight that throws insights to create and illuminate foresight. That is the beauty and value of history. It gives meaning. It also throws up warning signs for those with 20-20 vision to read the road map that points the way to destinations. Those who refuse to look back and gain the advantages of hindsight are like drivers on the road speeding without a rear vision mirror : they would never know what would come from behind and whack them off course.”

    Most pathetic to ever spend life time chasing on the history of settler communities which ONLY gives them further arrogance against the subservient mentality of the Sinhela nation and Sinhela Country ever hyped by this type of frivolous waffle. What one wants is inspirational glimpses of our unique pre-history to move on – HERE and NOW with gusto than bending over backwards will be more practical.

  2. Senevirath Says:


  3. Dham Says:

    This is exactly where the bug betrayal started too.

    SWRD made “Sinhala only”- POLITICAL SOLUTION – correct thing and the greatest work that time.
    But he diluted it later. Made Tamil official language. A step backward, a seed for birth of LTTE.

    MR ( even though did not believe in military success) defeat the LTTE and gave MILITARY SOLUTION – correct thing and the greatest work that time.
    But he killed it immediately after, started talking about 13A + and political solutions. He created LLRC and Vignashwaran monsters. Thousan steps backward , a race to Elam – faster than the war.

    It is good if war was there. AT least military is there to fight. Now they are cleaning drains in Jaffna.

  4. Ananda-USA Says:

    Here is the INEVITABLE CONSEQUENCE of the Yamapalanaya DISASTER: Sri Lanka POISED on the EDGE of DIVISION into a FEDERAL STATE as the first step towards A TWO STATE SOLUTION!

    The CM of the NP, who was accorded EVERY OPPORTUNITY & EVERY HONOR by the majority Sinhalese as the Chief Justice of Sri Lanka’s Supreme Court, and is the father-in-law to TWO Sinhala men, now ORCHESTRATES the DISSOLUTION of our Motherland from a UNITARY Nation into Patchwork of Bantustans!

    Ask yourself …. WHO ENABLED & ENCOURAGED THIS TRAITOR… to put his hand to this TREACHERY?

    The answer my friends, BLOWS IN THE WIND: None other than those IDIOTIC Sinhala Buddhists who swallowed the pretext of MASSIVE CORRUPTION and VOTED for the Yamapalanaya CON-ARTISTES to UNDERMINE the MR/UPFA GoSL, and DESTROY their own motherland!

    ACCEPT your OWN RESPONSIBILITY … and CRY A RIVER OF TEARS wailing Mea Culpa! Mea Culpa! Mea Maxima Culpa!


    Sri Lanka’s Northern PC passes bill to merge North and East into a federal unit
    Sat, Apr 23, 2016, 07:11 pm SL Time, ColomboPage News Desk, Sri Lanka.

    Apr 23, Jaffna: Sri Lanka’s main Tamil party Tamil National Alliance (TNA) – controlled Northern Provincial Council (NPC) has passed a bill on Friday calling for Sri Lanka’s new constitution to allow merging the North and East into one federal, Tamil speaking unit.

    Chief Minister C.V. Wigneswaran presented the resolution to the NPC on Friday and it was passed by a majority vote.

    The resolution seeking a federal solution to the issue of political independence for the minority Tamil community calls for the government to include in the new constitution a merger of the Northern and Eastern provinces into one ruling system and establishing it under a federal system.

    Merging the North and East has been a long-pending demand of the TNA and party has formulated the bill based on the views and suggestions of the people in all districts of the Northern Province.

  5. Dham Says:

    YES. WHO created monsters NPC +CV ? Ask yourself.

    Greedy to be the “WORLD LEADER” under the QUEEN of ENGLAND, to lead the COMMONWEALTH giving false excuses of UN persecution ( Now Gota is travelling freely in USA. Did they catch him and dragged to gallows ? what rubbish ?).
    Who created this mess ?

    To add to this a totally unnecessary election 2 years early. All this happened before ANY VOTE.
    Who created this mess ?

    Who took court actions do de-merge N and East ? MR ?

  6. Fran Diaz Says:

    We agree with both HLD & Ananda-USA.

    Very important to note that (I have not used exact words). :

    *. Driving (Political moves) without looking into the rear view mirror (of History) brings disasters ! (per HLD)

    *. False News Media blitz by Yahap to be supporters won a cheated election for today’s UNP led Yahap (per Ananda-USA). Learn a Lesson : Never get cheated through False News.

  7. Fran Diaz Says:

    New fact sheet on why Fed State > Eelam, is now should not be needed by Lanka Tamils :

    *. The East is/was important for any Eelam to be formed, due to the Trinco harbor facility in the East. Now that Tamil Nadu is offering bunkering for ships off the coast of TN, why bother with Trinco ?

    *. Sri Lanka’s earlier need for cheap Labor from Tamil Nadu (following the Dutch & British importing indentured Tamil labor) for the plantations sector, pllus Tamil illegal migration from TN, have proved to be the great problem for Sri Lanka.
    Now Lanka can use tea plucking machines as done in China, S. Africa, parts of India, and then there will be less need for people to pluck tea. One machine is said to replace four workers in tea plucking. Tea plucking with machines can be done by anyone – no need for Tamil labor.

    *. Make English & Tamil link languages in Lanka, or else Lanka will be ‘taken over’ by Tamil Nadu through language change to Tamil AND THE CASTE STRUCTURE RE-IIMPOSED ON ANY EELAM FORMED.

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