Author Archive for Kamalika Pieris

YAHAPALANA AND THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA Part 2

Saturday, January 14th, 2017

KAMALIKA PIERIS The Yahapalana    government has no meaningful foreign policy, said one critic. Instead there is a clear tilt to the US. Mangala Samaraweera said, ‘Obama would come up to President Sirisena to say ‘Hello’ at whichever international forum they used to meet. This shows how far American relations have improved during the recent times.’ […]

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YAHAPALANA ELECTIONS AND ‘REGIME CHANGE’ PART 1

Tuesday, January 10th, 2017

KAMALIKA  PIERIS Mahinda Rajapakse, then President of Sri Lanka, held Presidential elections prematurely on January 8.  2015, thinking that he would win a third term. Instead, Maithripala Sirisena, then General Secretary of the SLFP, contested    as the ‘common candidate’ under the Hansa symbol and won. Sirisena won with 6,217,162 votes (51.28%).  Rajapakse got 5,768,090 (47.58%).  […]

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YAHAPALANA AND THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA PART 1

Monday, January 9th, 2017

KAMALIKA  PIERIS The United States of America was interested in  developing a close relationship with Sri Lanka from the time Sri Lanka got independence. By 1948 the US had replaced Britain as the dominant power in Asia and needed military and communication bases in Asia. In 1951 Ceylon  signed an  agreement with the US to […]

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THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA AS A ‘GLOBAL POWER’.  Pt 2

Monday, January 9th, 2017

KAMALIKA  PIERIS One country, Cuba, positioned in the Caribbean,   right under USA’s nose, managed to withstand the USA. Fidel Castro, leader of the Communist Party, took power in Cuba in 1958. USA tried to strangle Cuba economically with a decade long trade embargo. US tried repeatedly to bump off Fidel Castro, once with an exploding […]

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THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA AS A ‘GLOBAL POWER’.  Part 1

Sunday, January 8th, 2017

KAMALIKA  PIERIS The United States of America was created by the aggressive takeover of land that belonged to others. The   white   settlers killed the Native Americans and took over their territory when advancing from east coast to west. Texas and California were forcibly taken from Mexico in the Mexican-American war of 1846. US gained control […]

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‘REGIME CHANGE’ BEFORE ‘YAHAPALANA’

Friday, January 6th, 2017

KAMALIKA PIERIS ‘Regime change’ made its first appearance in Sri Lanka in September 1959 when S.W.R.D. Bandaranaike was assassinated by a Buddhist priest, Somarama, on the verandah of his home. The assassination was planned. That was obvious. But it was not difficult to execute. Bandaranaike had no security protection whatsoever.  Anyone could kill him anywhere. […]

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CHRONIC KIDNEY DISEASE AND EELAM Pt 1

Saturday, December 10th, 2016

KAMALIKA PIERIS ‘Chronic kidney disease of unknown origin’ (CKDu) came to the attention of  the medical profession of Sri Lanka   in 1991  when the first cases with terminal renal failure started coming in. It was officially reported in the mid 1990s. The reports came mainly from the North Central province.  CKDu was first detected in […]

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CHRONIC KIDNEY DISEASE AND EELAM Pt 2

Saturday, December 10th, 2016

KAMALIKA PIERIS The geochemistry of the area where   CKDu disease is prevalent is of utmost importance, observed Prof. C.B. Dissanayake. Sri Lanka‘s CKDu is clearly geo-specific.  However, the approach of the doctors and other scientists researching into CKDu was far too academic, said Ranjit Mulleriyawa. Patients were looked at objectively. Researchers focused on laboratory analysis […]

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CHINA AND THE MINERAL SANDS OF SRI LANKA.

Tuesday, November 22nd, 2016

KAMALIKA  PIERIS The East coast of Sri Lanka is known to be rich in mineral sands. Pulmoddai has a very high concentration of heavy minerals and is considered one of the best beach mineral sand deposits in the world. Pulmoddai is located about 60 kilometers north of Trincomalee, midway between Mullaitivu and Trincomalee. The beach […]

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HAMBANTOTA PORT AND THE ‘KRA CANAL’ OF THAILAND.

Monday, November 21st, 2016

KAMALIKA PIERIS When you look at the map of the world  you immediately see that   ships travelling from  Indonesia to Africa or vice versa, would have found it  helpful to  visit Sri Lanka‘s fat bottom  if they needed  a port or harbor.  It was   impossible for ships to make the long east-west journey without stopping […]

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THE REPUBLIC OF CHINA AND CONTEMPORARY SRI LANKA (Part 3)

Sunday, November 20th, 2016

KAMALIKA  PIERIS China views India with disdain, considering it backward and chaotic. China thinks India can be easily dissolved into its regional parts. China’s economic worth is five times more than that of India. China had a surplus of USD 35 billion over India in China-India trade in  2014   Chinese scientists have increased their research […]

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THE REPUBLIC OF CHINA AND CONTEMPORARY SRI LANKA (2)

Friday, November 18th, 2016

KAMALIKA  PIERIS The ‘international community’ now accepts that China is going to be the next world power. ‘We are now well into the China decade’, said TIME IN 2015. China will soon have the world largest economy. China is expected to overtake America between 2030 and 2040 as the world’s leading economic power. In 2015 […]

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THE REPUBLIC OF CHINA AND CONTEMPORARY SRI LANKA (1)

Wednesday, November 16th, 2016

KAMALIKA  PIERIS Sri Lanka has had cordial links with China from ancient times. The Sinhala kings had continuous diplomatic links with the Chinese emperors, from Anuradhapura times to the medieval period. In the post independence period too, there were good relations between the two countries. The Peoples Republic of China was established in October 1, […]

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THE “KINGDOM OF JAFFNA”

Wednesday, September 7th, 2016

KAMALIKA  PIERIS Jaffna was originally an island called ‘Nagadipa’ , separated from the mainland by a narrow strip of water. It became linked to the mainland only in the 18 century. It was a part of the Sinhala kingdom and under the Sinhala king till the 13th century. The Vallipuram manuscript shows that during the […]

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NGOS, DESTABILISATION AND TAMIL SEPERATISM

Friday, August 26th, 2016

KAMALIKA PIERIS The term “Non-governmental organization” (NGO) came into existence in 1945 when the United Nations was set up. The UN granted ‘observer status’ to approved ‘International non-state agencies’ (NGOs) and permitted them to   attend UN assemblies and meetings. Today any private organization which is not a   political party or a profit making company is […]

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SINHALA PLACE NAMES IN ANCIENT JAFFNA

Saturday, July 2nd, 2016

KAMALIKA  PIERIS The place names in ancient Jaffna were Sinhala because Jaffna was a part of the Sinhala kingdom. The British administrators working in the Northern Province recognized this fact and said so in their reports.   Henry Parker, an irrigation engineer, presented a series of Sessional Papers to the Legislative Council in 1886 on the […]

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HINDU TEMPLES   IN BRITISH CEYLON

Friday, July 1st, 2016

KAMALIKA  PIERIS The British rulers gave special recognition to the three religions that believed in God, namely Christianity, Islam and Hinduism.  Churches, mosques and kovils came up all over the island. Hindu temples were constructed on an unprecedented scale in the 19th century. The American missionaries in Jaffna had commented on this. Many of the […]

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HINDUISM IN BRITISH CEYLON

Wednesday, June 29th, 2016

KAMALIKA PIERIS Research into the subject of ‘Hinduism in ancient Ceylon’ started early in the British period.  Simon Casie Chetty’s contribution on the origin and history of the ‘Trincomalee temple,’ was published in Ceylon Government Gazette, 1831. (H.A.I. Goonetileke Bibliography of Ceylon item no 6873). There was much discussion on the subject at the meetings […]

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LAND, POLICE AND PROVINCIAL COUNCILS.

Friday, June 24th, 2016

KAMALIKA PIERIS The 13th Amendment gave the Provincial Councils rights over “Land, land tenure, transfer and alienation of land, land use, land settlement and land improvement.” It specifically says “Land shall be a Provincial Council subject to certain limitations.” Land is not on the concurrent list either. It was therefore assumed that “Land” was the […]

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HEALTH, EDUCATION AND PROVINCIAL COUNCILS.

Thursday, June 23rd, 2016

KAMALIKA PIERIS The subjects of Health and Education were devolved to the Provincial Councils in 1988. The transfer was not difficult. Both services had been successfully de-centralized decades ago, and it was these decentralized services that were transferred to the utterly unprepared Provincial Councils. Health and Education are specialized services, which were delivered by trained […]

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THE “PROVINCIAL COUNCILS”

Wednesday, June 22nd, 2016

KAMALIKA PIERIS The Provincial Councils were set up in February 1988, under the Provincial Councils Act no 42 of 1987, as a requirement of the 13th Amendment to the Constitution.  Each province had a Governor, Chief Minister and Councilors. The Governor, appointed by the President, ranked above the Chief Minister. Governor could take decisions without […]

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THE PROVINCES OF MODERN SRI LANKA

Tuesday, June 21st, 2016

KAMALIKA PIERIS The provinces of Sri Lanka, (Northern, Central, Eastern, Western, North Central, North Western, Uva, Sabaragamuwa    and Southern) are not ‘historical’ provinces set out by the Sinhala kings. They are not ‘natural’ provinces formed through migration and settlement either. These provinces are ‘new’ provinces imposed on the island by the British rulers in the […]

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TAMIL STUDIES AND JAFFNA TAMILS

Tuesday, June 21st, 2016

KAMALIKA PIERIS The American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions, who started Christian missionary operations in Jaffna in 1816,    encouraged Tamil studies with special emphasis on Tamil literature. They wished to know the main Tamil texts. They wanted also to upgrade the Tamil language used by the inhabitants of Jaffna. The American Mission in Boston […]

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THE AMERICAN MISSIONARIES AND JAFFNA TAMILS

Monday, June 20th, 2016

KAMALIKA PIERIS The ‘American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions’ originated in 1810 in Boston, Massachusetts, USA. Several different churches such as the Presbyterian and Dutch Reformed Church participated in it. The Board   was in touch with the British missionary societies too.  By the 1830s is had developed into a huge organization with many branches […]

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“SINHALA “AND “SINHALADVIPA”

Sunday, June 19th, 2016

KAMALIKA PIERIS From very early on, the word ‘Sihala’ was used to describe the island, its people and its language.  Historian G.C .Mendis suggested in 1948 that ‘Simhala’ was the name applied to the island by the people of India and it was the island which gave its name to the people and the language.  […]

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THE NATIONAL FLAG OF SRI LANKA  

Friday, June 17th, 2016

KAMALIKA PIERIS When the Udarata kingdom went under the British rulers in 1815, the flag of the Sinhala king, Sri Wickrema Rajasinha was ceremonially replaced by the flag of the British king, George III. The Udarata flag was then sent to London.  Pieris says “Brownrigg’s son hastened to England to lay the Lion Flag of […]

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SRI LANKA’S ADMIRED INNOVATIONS IN WAR

Friday, June 17th, 2016

KAMALIKA PIERIS The world watched with interest as Sri Lanka defeated the LTTE in the final Eelam War. Wall Street Journal announced ‘for all those who argue there no military solution for terrorism, we have two words: Sri Lanka’.  Washington Times editorial of 25.4.2009 said ‘Sri Lankans are winning; we should let them finish the […]

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SOME OBSERVATIONS ON THE EELAM WAR

Thursday, June 16th, 2016

KAMALIKA PIERIS Sri Lanka’s armed forces were praised and admired long before the Eelam victory of 2009. The US Pacific Command team which evaluated the Sri Lanka army in 2002 said the soldiers were well motivated and were confident as a team.  They were well trained, knew their weapons, and were proficient in the skills […]

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LOOKING BACK ON EELAM WAR IV.

Wednesday, June 15th, 2016

KAMALIKA PIERIS The west invented the myth that the LTTE could not be defeated. The army took a different view. “We could have defeated them long before.   We had a well trained, well motivated armed force and our leadership and soldier fighting skills were superior, “said Gotabhaya Rajapakse . In 2006, for the first time […]

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BUNGLING THE EELAM WAR

Tuesday, June 14th, 2016

KAMALIKA PIERIS The public wanted to know why the government took so long to defeat the LTTE.  Why had they not won the war when the LTTE was much weaker? If the LTTE had been defeated earlier, then many lives could have been saved. The armed forces knew the strategies needed to defeat them. They […]

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