Author Archive for Kamalika Pieris

THE RETURN OF MAHINDA RAJAPAKSE  

Tuesday, March 14th, 2017

KAMALIKA PIERIS Mahinda Rajapakse, President of Sri Lanka, conceded defeat and handed over the government to Ranil Wickremasinghe when he found that he was losing the Presidential election of January 9, 2016. He did so before the final results were announced. Then he took off in a helicopter to go to his house in Medamulana, […]

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THE REIGN OF MAHINDA RAJAPAKSE (3)

Tuesday, March 14th, 2017

KAMALIKA PIERIS Sri Lanka developed a strong confident armed force   due to the Eelam war. This sector made a notable impact in other security sectors too. In 2006,  the Defence Ministry,  of which Gotabhaya Rajapakse was Permanent Secretary,  set up Rakna Arakshaka Lanka Ltd, (RALL)  a fully government owned company consisting of ex-armed forces personnel.  […]

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THE REIGN OF MAHINDA RAJAPAKSE (1)

Sunday, March 12th, 2017

KAMALIKA PIERIS When Mahinda Rajapakse became President of Sri Lanka in 2005, Ajit Samaranayake said the event ‘opens a new chapter in post independence history, where a leader unburdened by either dynastic trappings or the stigma of elitism find himself at the head of a popular movement. His tenure of rule is therefore pregnant with […]

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THE REIGN OF MAHINDA RAJAPAKSE (2)

Sunday, March 12th, 2017

KAMALIKA PIERIS The ‘Mahinda Chinthana’ of 2010, was a comprehensive economic plan prepared by the Department of National Planning of the Ministry of Finance and Planning. Economic development was to be along five hubs, maritime, aviation, commerce, energy, knowledge plus tourism. The policies and strategies were in line with the UN Millennium Development Goals.  The […]

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YAHAPALANA AND HAMBANTOTA Part I

Saturday, March 4th, 2017

KAMALIKA PIERIS Hambantota port is located on the Southern tip of Sri Lanka. It is ideally located at the intersection of the major international shipping routes.  It is within 10 nautical miles from the world’s busiest maritime lanes.  Approximately 200 to 300 ships sail along this route daily. Experts agree that Hambantota port has the   […]

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YAHAPALANA AND HAMBANTOTA Part 2

Saturday, March 4th, 2017

KAMALIKA PIERIS Yahapalana government had its own idiosyncratic approach to Hambantota. Instead of continuing with the project, as it should have done, since Phase 3 was in place, Yahapalana suspended the Hambantota project in January 2015.  Yahapalana announced that the performance of Hambantota port had not been satisfactory. Port operations started in November 2010 and […]

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YAHAPALANA AND CORRUPTION

Friday, March 3rd, 2017

KAMALIKA  PIERIS Yahapalana government came to power on the promise that it would eliminate corruption. Yahapalana forgot this promise once they got elected and engaged in a whole bouquet of corrupt actions. These are regularly discussed in newspapers, websites and broadcast in TV news. The public are watching avidly. Sunday Times BT-RCB Poll did street […]

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YAHAPALANA AND THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA Part 2

Saturday, January 14th, 2017

KAMALIKA PIERIS The Yahapalana    government has no meaningful foreign policy, said one critic. Instead there is a clear tilt to the US. Mangala Samaraweera said, ‘Obama would come up to President Sirisena to say ‘Hello’ at whichever international forum they used to meet. This shows how far American relations have improved during the recent times.’ […]

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YAHAPALANA ELECTIONS AND ‘REGIME CHANGE’ PART 1

Tuesday, January 10th, 2017

KAMALIKA  PIERIS Mahinda Rajapakse, then President of Sri Lanka, held Presidential elections prematurely on January 8.  2015, thinking that he would win a third term. Instead, Maithripala Sirisena, then General Secretary of the SLFP, contested    as the ‘common candidate’ under the Hansa symbol and won. Sirisena won with 6,217,162 votes (51.28%).  Rajapakse got 5,768,090 (47.58%).  […]

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YAHAPALANA AND THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA PART 1

Monday, January 9th, 2017

KAMALIKA  PIERIS The United States of America was interested in  developing a close relationship with Sri Lanka from the time Sri Lanka got independence. By 1948 the US had replaced Britain as the dominant power in Asia and needed military and communication bases in Asia. In 1951 Ceylon  signed an  agreement with the US to […]

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THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA AS A ‘GLOBAL POWER’.  Pt 2

Monday, January 9th, 2017

KAMALIKA  PIERIS One country, Cuba, positioned in the Caribbean,   right under USA’s nose, managed to withstand the USA. Fidel Castro, leader of the Communist Party, took power in Cuba in 1958. USA tried to strangle Cuba economically with a decade long trade embargo. US tried repeatedly to bump off Fidel Castro, once with an exploding […]

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THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA AS A ‘GLOBAL POWER’.  Part 1

Sunday, January 8th, 2017

KAMALIKA  PIERIS The United States of America was created by the aggressive takeover of land that belonged to others. The   white   settlers killed the Native Americans and took over their territory when advancing from east coast to west. Texas and California were forcibly taken from Mexico in the Mexican-American war of 1846. US gained control […]

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‘REGIME CHANGE’ BEFORE ‘YAHAPALANA’

Friday, January 6th, 2017

KAMALIKA PIERIS ‘Regime change’ made its first appearance in Sri Lanka in September 1959 when S.W.R.D. Bandaranaike was assassinated by a Buddhist priest, Somarama, on the verandah of his home. The assassination was planned. That was obvious. But it was not difficult to execute. Bandaranaike had no security protection whatsoever.  Anyone could kill him anywhere. […]

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CHRONIC KIDNEY DISEASE AND EELAM Pt 1

Saturday, December 10th, 2016

KAMALIKA PIERIS ‘Chronic kidney disease of unknown origin’ (CKDu) came to the attention of  the medical profession of Sri Lanka   in 1991  when the first cases with terminal renal failure started coming in. It was officially reported in the mid 1990s. The reports came mainly from the North Central province.  CKDu was first detected in […]

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CHRONIC KIDNEY DISEASE AND EELAM Pt 2

Saturday, December 10th, 2016

KAMALIKA PIERIS The geochemistry of the area where   CKDu disease is prevalent is of utmost importance, observed Prof. C.B. Dissanayake. Sri Lanka‘s CKDu is clearly geo-specific.  However, the approach of the doctors and other scientists researching into CKDu was far too academic, said Ranjit Mulleriyawa. Patients were looked at objectively. Researchers focused on laboratory analysis […]

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CHINA AND THE MINERAL SANDS OF SRI LANKA.

Tuesday, November 22nd, 2016

KAMALIKA  PIERIS The East coast of Sri Lanka is known to be rich in mineral sands. Pulmoddai has a very high concentration of heavy minerals and is considered one of the best beach mineral sand deposits in the world. Pulmoddai is located about 60 kilometers north of Trincomalee, midway between Mullaitivu and Trincomalee. The beach […]

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HAMBANTOTA PORT AND THE ‘KRA CANAL’ OF THAILAND.

Monday, November 21st, 2016

KAMALIKA PIERIS When you look at the map of the world  you immediately see that   ships travelling from  Indonesia to Africa or vice versa, would have found it  helpful to  visit Sri Lanka‘s fat bottom  if they needed  a port or harbor.  It was   impossible for ships to make the long east-west journey without stopping […]

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THE REPUBLIC OF CHINA AND CONTEMPORARY SRI LANKA (Part 3)

Sunday, November 20th, 2016

KAMALIKA  PIERIS China views India with disdain, considering it backward and chaotic. China thinks India can be easily dissolved into its regional parts. China’s economic worth is five times more than that of India. China had a surplus of USD 35 billion over India in China-India trade in  2014   Chinese scientists have increased their research […]

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THE REPUBLIC OF CHINA AND CONTEMPORARY SRI LANKA (2)

Friday, November 18th, 2016

KAMALIKA  PIERIS The ‘international community’ now accepts that China is going to be the next world power. ‘We are now well into the China decade’, said TIME IN 2015. China will soon have the world largest economy. China is expected to overtake America between 2030 and 2040 as the world’s leading economic power. In 2015 […]

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THE REPUBLIC OF CHINA AND CONTEMPORARY SRI LANKA (1)

Wednesday, November 16th, 2016

KAMALIKA  PIERIS Sri Lanka has had cordial links with China from ancient times. The Sinhala kings had continuous diplomatic links with the Chinese emperors, from Anuradhapura times to the medieval period. In the post independence period too, there were good relations between the two countries. The Peoples Republic of China was established in October 1, […]

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THE “KINGDOM OF JAFFNA”

Wednesday, September 7th, 2016

KAMALIKA  PIERIS Jaffna was originally an island called ‘Nagadipa’ , separated from the mainland by a narrow strip of water. It became linked to the mainland only in the 18 century. It was a part of the Sinhala kingdom and under the Sinhala king till the 13th century. The Vallipuram manuscript shows that during the […]

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NGOS, DESTABILISATION AND TAMIL SEPERATISM

Friday, August 26th, 2016

KAMALIKA PIERIS The term “Non-governmental organization” (NGO) came into existence in 1945 when the United Nations was set up. The UN granted ‘observer status’ to approved ‘International non-state agencies’ (NGOs) and permitted them to   attend UN assemblies and meetings. Today any private organization which is not a   political party or a profit making company is […]

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SINHALA PLACE NAMES IN ANCIENT JAFFNA

Saturday, July 2nd, 2016

KAMALIKA  PIERIS The place names in ancient Jaffna were Sinhala because Jaffna was a part of the Sinhala kingdom. The British administrators working in the Northern Province recognized this fact and said so in their reports.   Henry Parker, an irrigation engineer, presented a series of Sessional Papers to the Legislative Council in 1886 on the […]

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HINDU TEMPLES   IN BRITISH CEYLON

Friday, July 1st, 2016

KAMALIKA  PIERIS The British rulers gave special recognition to the three religions that believed in God, namely Christianity, Islam and Hinduism.  Churches, mosques and kovils came up all over the island. Hindu temples were constructed on an unprecedented scale in the 19th century. The American missionaries in Jaffna had commented on this. Many of the […]

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HINDUISM IN BRITISH CEYLON

Wednesday, June 29th, 2016

KAMALIKA PIERIS Research into the subject of ‘Hinduism in ancient Ceylon’ started early in the British period.  Simon Casie Chetty’s contribution on the origin and history of the ‘Trincomalee temple,’ was published in Ceylon Government Gazette, 1831. (H.A.I. Goonetileke Bibliography of Ceylon item no 6873). There was much discussion on the subject at the meetings […]

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LAND, POLICE AND PROVINCIAL COUNCILS.

Friday, June 24th, 2016

KAMALIKA PIERIS The 13th Amendment gave the Provincial Councils rights over “Land, land tenure, transfer and alienation of land, land use, land settlement and land improvement.” It specifically says “Land shall be a Provincial Council subject to certain limitations.” Land is not on the concurrent list either. It was therefore assumed that “Land” was the […]

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HEALTH, EDUCATION AND PROVINCIAL COUNCILS.

Thursday, June 23rd, 2016

KAMALIKA PIERIS The subjects of Health and Education were devolved to the Provincial Councils in 1988. The transfer was not difficult. Both services had been successfully de-centralized decades ago, and it was these decentralized services that were transferred to the utterly unprepared Provincial Councils. Health and Education are specialized services, which were delivered by trained […]

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THE “PROVINCIAL COUNCILS”

Wednesday, June 22nd, 2016

KAMALIKA PIERIS The Provincial Councils were set up in February 1988, under the Provincial Councils Act no 42 of 1987, as a requirement of the 13th Amendment to the Constitution.  Each province had a Governor, Chief Minister and Councilors. The Governor, appointed by the President, ranked above the Chief Minister. Governor could take decisions without […]

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THE PROVINCES OF MODERN SRI LANKA

Tuesday, June 21st, 2016

KAMALIKA PIERIS The provinces of Sri Lanka, (Northern, Central, Eastern, Western, North Central, North Western, Uva, Sabaragamuwa    and Southern) are not ‘historical’ provinces set out by the Sinhala kings. They are not ‘natural’ provinces formed through migration and settlement either. These provinces are ‘new’ provinces imposed on the island by the British rulers in the […]

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TAMIL STUDIES AND JAFFNA TAMILS

Tuesday, June 21st, 2016

KAMALIKA PIERIS The American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions, who started Christian missionary operations in Jaffna in 1816,    encouraged Tamil studies with special emphasis on Tamil literature. They wished to know the main Tamil texts. They wanted also to upgrade the Tamil language used by the inhabitants of Jaffna. The American Mission in Boston […]

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